Explain. “The contribution of India’s major reforms of 1991 to its economic growth has been overrated because the growth rate in India had already shifted in the 1980s, making it impossible to credit the 1991’s reforms with the improved performance of India.
2. . China’s “New Normal” is a term for describing the slowdown of China’s economic growth. When did China reach the era of new normal and what are the underlying causes of the new normal? Explain.
Media Affect on Body Image write essay help
In today’s society, media images are plastered across social networks, magazines, and television. We live in a world where the images from the media contain actors, actresses, and models with our ideal of beauty, and it is these images that are idolized, placing increased pressures on men and women alike to keep up with their bodies. More and more men and women are being diagnosed with eating disorders as time goes by (Morris & Katzman, 2003; Derenne & Beresin, 2006) and steroid use is on the rise (Radcliffe, 2013); the images that are being telegraphed to the general populace are having negative effects on their viewers. “A content analysis of women’s magazines from 1901 to 1981 revealed that the women portrayed in the media have become increasingly skinny; evidence that may help explain the rise in the number of eating disorders in recent decades” (The Effects of Social Pressure to be Thin On Body Dissatisfaction and Negative Effect,” 2000). This theory states that a message is being clearly sent to viewers, one which states that only a certain type of physical beauty is valued.
Cutler states that “for European American and African American girls, ages 7 through 12, greater overall television exposure predicted both a thinner ideal adult body shape and a higher level of disordered eating one year later” (2010). This research indicates that images in media advertising are not only adversely affecting the adult population, but are targeting the younger and adolescent generations as well, whether such targeting is conscious or unconscious on the part of the media. Such images are leading to greater increases in eating disorders and indicate that we live in a world where images from the media directly affect body image and self-perception of body image.
The ideal body image depicted for men in the media has been compared to muscle bulk, which has resulted in increased trends of steroid use (Radcliffe, 2013). “Advertising images have also been recently accused of setting unrealistic ideals for males, and men and boys are beginning to risk their health to achieve the well-build media standard” they see depicted every day (Body Image and Advertising, 2013).
In conclusion, the images depicted in the media result in negative effects on the viewers of those images. It is important that the media promotes a positive and healthy body image; perfect does not need to be 100lbs for women or Sylvester Stallone in “Rocky” for men. All body shapes, ethnicities, and cultures should be praised. Although these images do not have the same impact on everyone, the majority of the population feels the pressure of these images in one way or another.
Body Image and Advertising. “Eating Disorders: Body Image and Advertising.” – HealthyPlace. Healthy Place, 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. http://www.healthyplace.com/eating-disorders/articles/eating-disorders-body-image-and-advertising/print/
Cutler, Arielle. “Keeping the True Self Alive through Intelligent Resistance: Opposing the Cultural Crusade for Female Physical Perfection through Media Literacy Education.” Hamilton.edu, 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. http://www.hamilton.edu/documents/ArielleCutlerLevittpaper.pdf
Derenne, J. L., and E. V. Beresin. “Body Image, Media, and Eating Disorders.” Academic Psychiatry 30.3 (2006): 257-61. Print.
“The Effects of Social Pressure to Be Thin On Body Dissatisfaction and Negative Affect.” University of Texas, 2000. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/HomePage/Class/Psy158H/PrevHonors/Fall00/Z25/litreview.html
Morris, Anne M., and Debra K. Katzman. “The Impact of the Media on Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents.” Paediatr Child Health 8.5 (2003): 287-89. Print.
Radcliffe, Shawn. “Steroid Use on the Rise.” Blogs. Men’s Fitness, 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. http://www.mensfitness.com/training/build-muscle/steroid-use-on-the-rise
Manhattan by Georgia O’Keefe write essay help
1. Do You Agree With The Following Statement?
explain. “the Contribution Of Computer Science Essay Help
One of my favorite pictures at Smithsonian Art Museum in Washington, D.C. is Georgia O’Keeffe’s Manhattan. Completed in 1932, the painting is in oil and of fairly big size: 84 3/8 x 48 /4. In a brochure from this Museum, it was said that Manhattan is a unique work of art, since it is the only canvas made by O’Keeffe on the theme of New York skyscrapers with blossoms. This painting has an interesting history. Commissioned for the exhibition Murals by American Painters and Photographers back in 1932, it was considered either destroyed or lost until O’Keeffe’s death. For a long time, it was kept in the painter’s estate and became available only after her death. The painting was a part of O’Keeffe’s triptych, which was known for a long time only in the form of a black-and-white reproduction. Since 1995, the canvas has been displayed in Smithsonian Art Museum in Washington, D.C.
Manhattan is a modernist work of art. It features skyscrapers, the sky, the light, and the blossoms. The skyscrapers are painted with a combination of the cubist and futuristic styles. Specifically, the central skyscrapers were painted in a way of the cubist block. At the lower left edge, we see four rather sharp triangular forms. They resemble the lines of the futurist style. Furthermore, another cubist feature is O’Keeffe’s use of triple and double entendres in the painting of the blue wedge which goes along the artwork’s right edge. This solid plane of color is seen as a piece of the sky which covers the block of the tall skyscrapers. Using this approach, the artist marked the boundaries of the skyscrapers with the windows of the dark blue color. These are seen at the top as well as along the building’s side. Light seems to be represented by the central white mass and pink spikes, and painted at the lower edge brown shaft with opaque shade. This representation of the light makes the picture look really dynamic, especially owing to its closeness to the right. The light also helped to show the great height of the skyscrapers in Manhattan. In addition, it needs to be mentioned that the skyscrapers are close to the picture plane and look magnified.
The reason I selected this painting is the combination of skyscrapers and flowers is staggering. Skyscrapers are representative of modern civilization and capitalist culture whereas the flowers are representative of nature. This controversy stuns. The flowers seem to be really from some other world. I think no one expects to see them there. At the same time, these flowers embody humans who live in New York. Tender and delicate, they are as small as people against the concrete and inanimate buildings.
One more reason is the painter’s choice of colors. O’Keeffe clearly pits pink against red, black against white, and mauve against blue. Other colors that I found very fitting are translucent pink (in portrayal of spikes) and opaque brown (along the painting’s lower edge). Besides, the painting stands out by its size. In addition, the painter’s perspective, as working from the higher level rather than from the ground level, is quite intriguing and crates a feeling of heightness.
The painting Manhattan by Georgia O’Keeffe helped me see the artist in another dimension. Earlier I was aware mostly of her flower painting and now opened another important level within O’Keeffe’s creative legacy. It also expanded my knowledge of the modernist art, cubist and futuristic techniques. Apart from it, it evoked the feeling of regret that our city civilization is so much separated from the beauty of the natural world.
O’Keeffe, Georgia. Manhattan. 1932. Oil, canvas. Smithsonian Art Museum, Washington, D.C. N.d. Web. 4 April 2014.
Le Chateau De Ma Mere write essay help
In the French Movie “My Mother’s Castle” (trans. 1.) a family from Marseilles, France, finds the perfect vacation place in the country surrounding Marseilles. Mother, Father, and three siblings, including the eldest, Marcel, are enchanted by the cottage they rent and the lush scenery. Marcel in particular relishes walks in the hillside. During one of these walks gathering spices for his mother, he encounters an eccentric young girl named Isabelle. Isabelle practically bewitches Marcel, because she is extraordinarily pretty, though very self-absorbed. Each time Marcel encounters her, Isabelle is dressed in some strangely romantic outfit of the era (circa 1914). Upon their first encounter, Marcel meets Isabelle’s mother as well and finds her somewhat strange and unimpressed with Marcel. Even Isabelle’s father is unconventional, drinking absinthe to aid his “poetic” nature. Although Isabelle is bossy, Marcel yields to her demands. She orders him to dress up as a soldier, a slave and a dog. Once she feeds him a grasshopper. When Marcel’s younger siblings report this to their father, he forbids Marcel from further contact with the family, and with mixed feelings watches them leave the area a while later.
Marcel’s father is a beloved school teacher. His old friend arrives at the vacation home bearing gifts for the children. The biggest gift of all, however, is from one of Marcel’s father’s ex-students. The man helps care take for a canal that connects Marseilles to the vacation house’s surrounding hills. The former pupil has access to a key that opens several doors along the way. By using this shortcut the family would be able to visit their beloved vacation home more often. Although the family is reluctant to do so at first, soon they realize that, with a shortened commute, they can visit the vacation home every weekend. All share a fear that if caught trespassing they might face great consequences. Nevertheless, they make the journey regularly for a time, so in love with the region are they all.
Although they meet the owner of one of the doors and the caretaker of the second, who are amenable to the family utilizing the shortcut, Marcel’s mother has a negative premonition that comes true. The owner of the third door, finally fed up with their unauthorized trekking over his property, padlocks the door and reports the trespass to the authorities. Although the matter is resolved in favor of the family due to the intervention of employees of the canal, the gate is padlocked and the key given to a dog, preventing the caretaker from leaving.
Five years passes, and the movie brings the audience up to date with the revelation that Marcel’s mother has passed. Both of his siblings, Paul and Lili, have also succumbed in unusual, premature fashion. Paul, a goatherd in the Provence, dies at the untimely age of 31. Lili is killed during WWI in 1917. Although Marcel is still alive and a successful film director, he is lonely. Ironically, his company bought a large home in Marseilles and Marcel discovers the door from the last property leading to the childhood vacation home. He throws a rock through the door, symbolically destroying it and any hold that Isabelle or the property may have had on him or his family. Through destruction Marcel finds peace.
Robert, Yves. Le château de ma mère, (My Mother’s Castle). 26 Oct 1990. Gaumont. Film.
John F Kennedy Assassination Essay write essay help
The book, The Kennedy Assassination: 24 Hours After, is a publication by Steven Gillon. The book is the author’s attempt to debunk some of the misconceptions surrounding the ascension of Lyndon B. Johnson’s rise to power after the tragic assassination of John F. Kennedy. The president was assassinated in Dallas, Texas while on a campaign trail to win the support of the Texan people. Because of the impending elections, president John F. Kennedy (JFK) wanted to win the votes in Texas since his support had been waning among conservative whites in the country. The reality was that the president’s liberal views were not popular with the white population in the south.
The book by Gillon follows the events that took place after the assassination of the president. It gives an introspection into the rise of Lyndon B. Johnson’s rise to the presidency and how he consolidated power in the hours that followed the death of his predecessor. The author gives detailed description of how Lyndon B. Johnson was thrust into a position he had no experience on. The 24 hours following the death of the president saw Johnson strike a delicate balance trying to take the responsibility of leading the world’s most powerful nation, comforting a grieving family as well as reassuring the public that all was well. The author’s argument in the book is that most narratives about the chain of events following Lyndon Johnson’s ascension to power are marred by inaccuracies. In fact, the book is themed on the need to change the misconceptions and falsehoods that have been part of American history on the events which took place after the tragic death of JFK. The book seeks to debunk one sided narrations published by other authors such as William Manchester; the latter’s publication titled The Death of a President was not impartial since it alluded that the vice president was involved in the murder of the president. Contrary to such publications, Gillon’s book is does a personal recount of the events preceding that day from different witnesses. Some of the them had never been interviewed even by the commission of inquiry which was set up by the secret service to follow on the president’s death. Since the death of the president is shrouded in mystery as evidenced by the many conspiracy theories which have tried to explain what happened, there was a need to address all these concerns from an impartial research.
The author’s supported his thesis that most narratives on president’s JFK death and Lyndon B. Johnson’s ascension to power are not impartial. According to the author, president Johnson played an important role in steering the country out of a potential crisis. In addition, he was very supportive to the president’s family and widow, Mrs. Kennedy. The author gives recounts of how the Kennedy’s media manipulation was influenced to cast a good image of the president despite the many flaws he had. In addition, Manchester is portrayed as having been purposely hired to write a book which depicted president Johnson in bad light. Gillon highlights the achievements of Johnson in steering the country after the death of JFK. The former was also showed so much empathy and concern to the family of the slain president.
I agree with the sentiments expressed in the publication by Gillon. The assassination of John F. Kennedy was shrouded in so much mystery. Oswald, the man accused to have killed the president, for instance, could not have acted alone. Not only that, at the time of the president’s death, he was under the watch of the Secret Service. Therefore, most of the stories which have come about trying to explain the chain of events after the death of the president are bound to be controversial since the killers of the president could have had a hand in them. This is why most publications on the Johnson’s ascension to power 24 hours after the death of the president cannot be accurate representations of the true events. Johnson has always had to fight his poor portrayal among the American public. “LBJ’s ability to muster Hispanic votes in boss-controlled counties inspired a story and cemented his reputation as a corrupt politician”.
Although president Johnson might have not been the perfect replacement for the assassinated president, he took the challenge and played a role which helped chart the course of American history. In analyzing the events that took place, it is important to acknowledge that Johnson managed to take the country through a six-year period afterwards. If he had not been a good and assertive leader, America’s history might have been different. The reality of a mutiny taking place after the death of JFK was high. However, his leadership and reassurance calmed the situation. More importantly, the vice president had to persevere attacks on his character for his probable role in the death of the president. However, from his actions, it is evident that he was also taken by surprise. In fact, his sensitivity to the matter is evident in the way he treated the family of the assassinated president.
The book’s contribution to history, especially American politics, cannot be overlooked. The book gives what can be considered to be a well-researched paper on the events which led to the assassination of the president. The book also gives a recount of how the newly sworn in vice president had to step into his predecessor’s shoes. To American politics, the book is a documentation which would serve many generations to come. It can be relied on as a guide which can be used to avert any crisis which might arise following the death of an American president.
Gillon, Steven M. The Kennedy Assassination-24 Hours After: Lyndon B. Johnson’s Pivotal First Day As President. New York: Basic Books, 2009. Print.
I am Adam lanza’s Mother write essay help
Lisa Long article, “I am Adam Lanza’s Mother,” made her receive both good and harsh criticism for exposing her child’s mental illness to the world. In Lisa’s post, she narrates the disturbing story of a life with her son who is thirteen years old. Apparently, the son has erratic emotional and behavioral episodes that frighten her. Therefore, the analysis focuses on points that it is unethical for Lisa Long to exploit the life of her mentally ill son according to the article.
Firstly, exploiting one’s family members to satisfy one’s blogging fans is not only unethical for a writer, but also heartless. Judging from the fact that Long’s son was only thirteen years old and mentally ill, there is no way he gave consent for his story to be highlighted. The friends, family, and associates of an author or blogger are not in existence to be the source of scrutiny on a blog. In addition, it is dishonorable for any individual to broadcast private or disconcerting information about another person without the consent of that individual. If Lisa decided to publish her own private and embarrassing moments for her blogging fan’s attention, it would have been okay since it is her own life.
Lisa is irresponsible for what she did to her son, who is given the alias “Michael” when she relates the disturbing episodes where Michael threatened to kill her. Exposing her son’s episodes could affect his future even if he got well and decided to live a normal life. One can say Lisa was somehow trying to punish Michael for making her life miserable by exposing his weak moments to the public. Any person who gets access to the post be it an employer, friend, or lover will be automatically repelled by Michael’s murderous ways, which can further affect her son.
Most people say Long should be given credit for publicizing her son’s condition terming it as bravery. However, Long’s decision to credit herself for the piece by putting her name further dehumanizes her intentions despite her efforts to change her son’s name. This is because part from her name, she includes photographs, which makes it easier for any individual who recognizes the family to quickly piece together that her son is the main character. Furthermore, she has been known to use other family members on her blogs such as her husband and her more normal children.
The justification that the Newtown massacre was crucial that it requires undermining the delicate future of Lisa’s in the name of endorsing expressive communication regarding mental illness is not enough to give the author credit. One cannot tarnish another person’s future in order to save another. As such, the author should have been anonymous since the situation was delicate. Regardless of the misery that Lisa goes through to raise a mentally ill child, exposing his weaknesses to the public to get recognition is completely irresponsible and unworthy (Rutherford 53). Being a mother to a mentally ill child, she should be the first one to protect him from the cruel world. Mentally ill children often only trust the people close to them and Lisa’s publication of her son’s condition is similar to bullying her son just like any other bully would act.
Lisa has published several spiteful and unpleasant posts regarding her kids where she dreams about caning the children or leaving them under another person’s care. In several publications, Lisa portrays her son as a regular boy prone to inciting her age by messing everything up. Lisa appears hell-bent on fame to a point that she is willing to expose her own family to achieve it.
I believe it was unethical to expose about her son’s private life, which can lead to people speculating her son’s life just because of a blog. Her mentally ill child can be in grave danger of being bullied and harassed due to his mother’s incompetence. It is evident that ‘Michael’ will never leave a normal life even if he fully recovers since the post will always be a reminder of what he was and his reputation to the outside world will always be that of a violent man.
“‘I Am Adam Lanza’s Mother’: A Mom’s Perspective on the Mental Illness Conversation in America.” The Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
Rutherford, Adam. “Mother knows best.” Trends in Molecular Medicine 7.2 (2001): 53. Print.
The Myth of the Robber Barons college application essay help
There are a great number of topics that outline the economic development of the United States in various history volumes. One of the most fascinating concepts about the economic development in the United States in the late 19th century is how many individuals made their fortunes by what many would define as unconventional means. While today’s society expects business moguls to raise prices in order to ensure their continued cash flow, the opposite was done in the late 1800s and was extremely successful. It was a risky way to conduct business, but it was proven to be extremely successful and made millions for countless business owners during this time period. Author Burton Folsom wrote a book in 1991 called The Myth of Robber Barons which explores the phenomenon of this time period and discusses how the robber barons were given this name. Additionally, it illustrates the creative geniuses of business owners such as Andrew Mellon, James Hill and George Scranton and how they contributed to this myth in history.
In order to discuss the book and its contents, it is first important to get a working definition of the robber barons and how it is applied to this specific volume. Even when writing a book review, it is a good idea to have a basic understanding of the key concept(s) focused on by the author. When the term is located in the dictionary, the definition given for robber baron is a ruthless, powerful capitalist who lived during the late 19th century who allegedly became wealthy by exploitation or other unethical means. Given the reputations of many of the industrialists during this time period, this would be a logical way to describe these individuals. However, Folsom has given the reading audience a different point of view on these men and their contributions to the U.S. economy by using unorthodox methods to make their fortunes.
The book first gives a distinction between the robber barons of the time period such as Leland Stanford for allegedly exploiting Chinese workers in his railroad companies and the businessmen such as Andrew Mellon who was successful in banking, oil, and construction (Folsom, 1991). There is no doubt that there were individuals who made questionable decisions regarding their business practices which notably included the exploitation of laborers, but it did not exist in the businesses in many of the most noted capitalists of the late 19th century. In essence, one can say that the businessmen of this time period helped to define business ethics and practices that would be used well into the modern era. One question that is raised in Folsom’s book is whether or not businessmen in this time period were truly innovative in their methods to improve the overall economy of the nation. There have been numerous examples of these entrepreneurs who made decisions to alter the course of business with the consumers’ benefitting from these decisions.
A prime example of this occurrence is Cornelius Vanderbilt making his fortune in steam boating. Instead of increasing his prices per ride in different regions, he began to gradually decrease prices for customers, which drove his boats up significantly in popularity, thereby increasing the amount of business Vanderbilt conducted annually (Folsom, 1991). This type of business practice was also adapted by Andrew Carnegie, who installed furnaces and other appliances at two third of the cost of his competition, again making his company popular amongst consumers. It is human nature to go with the best value for their dollar, which is the principle for these businessmen as well as their peers who adapted the same practices in their own industries.
The question then becomes how does one business tycoon from the 19th century become classified as a robber baron versus another who is simply practicing good, sound economic principles in their day to day operations? The answer to this mainly rests on the actual ethics and practices regarding other areas of business, such as the exploitation of laborers and natural resources. Most notable of these industries was the railroad companies who were notorious for making Chinese immigrants work long, hard hours to make sure the tracks were completed on time and were in good working order for the progression of transit. Again, Leland Stanford is one of the most notable figures in this scenario, having run several railroad companies and is noted for using immigrant labor to finish projects taken on by that railroad (Folsom, 1991). While there are other examples in the book, Stanford seems to be the most prominent one used by the author, possibly because of the influence he had on California.
After reading this book, the reader would have to recommend this book for other students. Not only is it a good resource for those wanting to understand 19th century American History, but it is also good for teaching lessons in government, politics and economic history of this defined time period. Many authors glaze over the contributions made by these industrialists and are quick to label them robber barons, but careful examination of the facts as presented by Folsom has changed the mind of this reader. It was a good business and marketing decision for these men to reduce the cost of goods to the consumers, and it ultimately paid off in significant financial gain. Additionally, it also paved the way for other entrepreneurs to use these established business practices on order to further the growing American economy.
Folsom, B. W. (1991). The Myth of the Robber Barons: A New Look at the Rise of Big Business in America. Young Americas Foundation.
Myth and Cyberspace college application essay help
Mosco writes at length about what he sees as certain absurdity in the narrative surrounding technology and the current time. He critiques heavily the concept that human beings are now living in a truly transformative age. While Mosco does not necessarily disagree with those who would assert that computers and technology are important, he suggests that perhaps the writings surrounding the meaning of today’s technology are shrouded in myth. He uses many examples to highlight that society has elevated the current technological advanced—including computing and the Internet—to mythical status. It is critical to understand technology through this frame because it provides a link between what human beings are doing in this society and what they have always done. There is one problem with humankind living in the existing universe. With millions of years of history, human beings on the planet at any given time are only a small speck in reference to what has happened and what will happen. Human beings, then, have a difficult time recognizing their place in history and contextualizing their own impact. By framing the current rise of technology in terms of mythology, the author is demonstrating that we are no different from those other societies in the past who, like us, had a limited capacity o appreciate the historical context of their own knowledge or developments.
Mosco outlines many different elements that make something a myth. For instance, he writes that a myth is characterized by some inoculation, or “the admission of a little evil into the mythic universe to protect against a more substantial attack” (Mosco 34). In essence, he is writing that when building a myth, the myth builders must allow for some weaknesses in the myth to protect against accusations of the myth not being realistic. In the context of the Internet and technology, Mosco points out that people can do bad things on the Internet, that privacy breaches take place more easily with technology, and that there are patches in the service that mean some people are not allowed to participate in this societal movement. The myth must be inoculated with these small problems to protect it against claims of bigger, more damaging problems. Toffler’s book Future Shock demonstrates this even in the entire concept that led to the name of the book. In that work, Toffler writes about the life-changing nature of technology and how the 21st century is changing almost everything around human beings. However, with this kind of change comes a sort of “future shock,” or a culture shock on steroids that can make life more difficult on average people. He writes of “future shock,” “It is culture shock in one’s own society. For most Peace Corps men, in fact most travelers, have the comforting knowledge that the culture they left behind will be there to return to. The victim of future shock does not” (Toffler 11). In doing this, Toffler is letting into the equation a slight negative in order to protect the myth from bigger attacks. The negative, in this case, is that society can change so rapidly that people are forced to deal with the loss of their cultural center. In comparison to all of the other things that might be said about changes in society, this is a relatively small “evil,” and demonstrates clearly Mosco’s point about the inoculation of the myth against bigger danger.
Mosco also discusses the denial and transcendence of history as one of the ways myth builders tend to build the myth. In the context of new technology, he notes that there is an encouraging effect whereby writers ignore history because the Internet and new communication are something entirely new. If these things are entirely new, they suggest, then what good will it do to examine history? In this, the myth builders are suggesting that today’s changes transcend history, which demonstrates a weakness in the argument. It is myth because it needs to ignore history and push it aside because of the potentially damaging effects of analyzing that history. Toffler demonstrates this clearly in his work, as he dismisses the other important things that have happened in history offhand without any real reason for doing so. He is simply willing to note the transcendent nature of current technology without any desire to acknowledge the things that have happened in the past that might have been considered just as important by the people who lived through those changes. To this point, he writes, “For what is occurring now is in all likelihood bigger, deeper, and more important than the Industrial Revolution” (Toffler 12). Toffler builds the myth by suggesting that the Industrial Revolution was just a thing that happened, but the new development of technology is more than that, being bigger, deeper, and more meaningful within the context of history. While the Industrial Revolution was history, the new movement transcends history. This is a perfect example of the myth Mosco describes in his work.
Surely Toffler’s work is a great example not only of how the myth is created, but of why it is critical to view these things in terms of mythology. People have long had a desire to believe their time, their developments, and their accomplishments were the world’s best and most meaningful. Understanding this in terms of a myth is an excellent way of demonstrating that what is being done now—in terms of building up one’s own society as the most important—is no different than what has always been done.
Mosco, Vincent. The digital sublime: Myth, power, and cyberspace. MIT Press, 2005. Toffler, Alvin. Future shock. Bantam, 1990.
Stella Young college application essay help
Stella Young, while claiming not to be an inspiration, helped me to think of ways in which the general population stereotypes different groups and how my own experiences here in the United States, as well as at home in the UAE, have felt these stereotypes. I too have passed judgment on people by making assumptions about their physical appearance and their bodily abilities.
Young’s story about being offered a nomination for an achievement award was an eye-opening one. People who look at her life without necessarily getting to know her did not realize that her life is ordinary. She did things in her daily life that millions of girls do around the world. She went to school, had a part time job, and laughed with her friends. None of these things are any different from a typical teenager going through the strife of life. But because she is disabled and spends her days in a wheelchair it is easy to think that her life is extraordinary and that she is an inspiration.
As Young describes her story, it is easy to realize, that she feels victimized by the description. By considering her as an inspiration that indicates that she is less than a nondisabled person. Her ability to have a life similar to that of a person who isn’t disabled should not be considered remarkable. She is not special or remarkable. She is simply a person. I’m sure that people who do know her, her friends and family, know that she is a wonderful person but is accommodating her life as any able bodied person would. Stereotypes have been created that make the masses feel that people with disabilities cannot function properly in life.
Stereotypes are everywhere. Practically every group of people have felt the pressures of stereotypes against them as well as against others. I have felt stereotypes at home and here at school as well. In the United States, it is unusual to be married with a child so young as well as still be in school. People either leave high school, go to work full time and possibly find a spouse or they go on to continue their education and leave serious relationships until after graduation. My situation is entirely normal in the UAE. Rarely do people have a spouse and child at the same time as they are still in university. My friends who are in university think it is inspirational that I can handle all of my school work at the same time as supporting my family. My friends who have wives and work full-time think it’s crazy that I can try to do everything. They don’t realize that my life is nothing inspirational or difficult. It is simply the choice I made and the way our relationship evolved.
I have felt the stigma of stereotypes heavily while here in the United States. My life, cultural background, and religion are very different from those of my classmates. They have had difficulty understanding my daily life at home but the characteristic which has caused the most stereotyping behavior is the fact that I am a Muslim from a Middle Eastern country. No one has made any direct mentions of terrorism, but there have been some insinuations and curious looks. My faith has never been associated with violence. None of my friends or family have ever made any comments regarding violence against those who are against Islam. The way that Muslims are portrayed in the United States simply is not the way that billions of Muslims truly are.
Spectrum Family Medicine college application essay help
The healthcare delivery system is made up of complex elements that work together through coordination in order to form a spectrum of facilities. The spectrum of facilities offers a number of locations of discharge locations. The discharge locations are available to increase the effectiveness of a patient’s hospital course. The significance of understanding the various care facilities is based on the fact that transition of patients that is effective is a salient part of providing quality healthcare (Heery, et al., 2015). As such, this essay seeks to develop such understanding of the various care facilities that exist in the United States. The paper discusses the spectrum of health care facilities, their goals and purposes, their methods of coordination, their leadership, and their similarities and differences. The knowledge gained is specifically important for the development of transition models for patients through the identification of the best discharge location.
The spectrum of health care facilities in the United States includes a diverse structure that seeks to offer quality healthcare services to patients. The current facilities include all services from primary to secondary healthcare, which involve both the private and public institutions. The main facilities include; aged care, ambulatory surgery, behavioral health management facilities, outpatient facilities, palliative care facilities, maternity and child care facilities, and psychiatric health facilities. The structure of the facilities ensures effective transition of patients from one facility to the other following on referrals. The facilities are structured around the primary and secondary healthcare services offered. In addition, there are a number of special facilities that are dedicated to specialized care models such as assisted living programs and assisted living residence facilities. The specialization of the different facilities ensures access to specialized care for the patient. This increases the quality of health outcomes of the country (National Center for Health Statistics, 2017).
The purpose of the aged care facilities is to offer specialized care to elderly and aging individuals by increasing their quality of life. The purpose of the ambulatory surgery facility is to offer outpatient surgical services to the patient, where the procedure does not require overnight boarding. The purpose of behavioral health management facilities is to offer long-term care services to patients with advanced behavioral issues such as aggression and disruptive behaviors. The comprehensive outpatient facilities have the main purpose of offering alleviative and preventive care services to the patients. The purpose of the palliative care facilities is to offer a wide variety of clinical services to the patient in order to improve their quality of life. The purpose of maternity and childcare facilities is to offer preventive and curative services to expectant mothers and newborns. Lastly, the psychiatric health facilities offer specialized care services including rehabilitation with primary psychiatric conditions through inpatient care (National Center for Health Statistics, 2017).
The different facilities work together through referrals. This occurs where a patient with care needs beyond the current form of care is transitioned to a different facility. The facilities collaborate through patient information sharing between the different specialists. In addition, the facilities work together by offering interdisciplinary healthcare services where it is required. Through this process of collaborative decision-making and intervention implementation, the various health care facilities achieve holistic care models. Holistic care models are where different models of care are integrated into a single model of care in order to achieve overall health outcomes. Holistic care approaches ensure that the individual does not achieve differentiated healthcare outcomes across the different aspects of health. In some cases, institutions would have a combination of some of the significant facilities within one organization in order to allow effective transition between facility spectrums (National Center for Health Statistics, 2017).
Leadership and management of facilities is a key aspect of achieving the required and projected levels of care. However, given the difference of services offered by the different facilities, the individuals responsible for the oversight of the facilities would require different professional knowledge and leadership styles (Slayton, et al., 2015). In the United States healthcare industry, the facility oversight is a complex process which fosters regulation. While complexity hinders efficiency of the organization, the United States system of oversight allows for the development of public confidence in the organization. This is due to the ability of responsibility reporting and the identification of culpability. The complexity of the regulation sees to it that the healthcare industry is focused on quality of patient care and safety. The facilities are therefore under the responsibility of the regulatory body established to monitor the actions of practitioners specialized with the care model offered by the facility.
The similarities of the healthcare facilities are based on the objective of the process of care. This is due to the fact that the overall purpose of the healthcare industry is governed by the federal government which develops national security objectives as concerns national health outcomes. Additionally, the industry objectives such as patient safety and the processes of achieving such objectives are also similar across the different facilities. However, there are differences in the method of care intervention between the different facilities. For instance, the method of care intervention for palliative care is the improvement of quality of life of patient, while that of an ambulatory surgery facility is to alleviate issues through outpatient surgeries. As such, the differences emerge from the methods of practice that is employed in the organizations. Another difference is with regards to the staffing structure of the facilities. Given the differences in care practices, the practitioners required to deliver the care would be different in-between different care models (National Center for Health Statistics, 2017).
Heery, E., Sheehan, A. M., While, A. E., & Coyne, I. (2015). Experiences and outcomes of transition from pediatric to adult health care services for young people with congenital heart disease: a systematic review. Congenital heart disease, 10(5), 413-427.
National Center for Health Statistics. (2017). Health, United States, 2016: with chartbook on long-term trends in health. National Center for Health Statistics.
Slayton, R. B., Toth, D., Lee, B. Y., Tanner, W., Bartsch, S. M., Khader, K., et al. (2015). Vital signs: estimated effects of a coordinated approach for action to reduce antibiotic-resistant infections in health care facilities—United States. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 64(30), 826.
Should Juveniles Be Tried as Adults? college application essay help
The juvenile justice system in the United States evolved as growing knowledge about human development, and advances in the fields of psychiatry and psychology made it clear that children and adolescents were not simply smaller versions of adults, but qualitatively different both physically and psychologically. The image of the child, popular during the Victorian era, as a miniature human functioning on the same cognitive and emotional level as an adult, was altered as understanding of human intellectual development increased. The brain develops throughout childhood and into young adulthood, and some functions, such as impulse control, are not fully developed in children and adolescents (New York Times 2001). Recognizing this, the justice system decided to segregate juveniles and adults when assessing behavior and the motivation for criminal acts. It appeared to be more just and correct to consider the criminal behavior of children in light of their immature development, rather than to judge them by the same standards that are applied to the behavior of adults. Another argument in support of separating juvenile and adult judicial processes consisted of the relative flexibility of the young mind. Children are considered to be more responsive to behavioral rehabilitation than adults whose habits and characteristics are more solidified and resistant to change. A consistent nationwide standard of treatment and incarceration in dedicated juvenile facilities, when necessary, would yield the best results for changing the behavior of young offenders, and encouraging them to become productive members of their communities.
Over the past couple of decades, however, the separation of juvenile and adult judicial processing systems appears to be narrowing. A number of states have lowered the age of eligibility to be tried as an adult, and some states allow juvenile defendants to be transferred to adult court, depending upon the severity of the crime with which they are charged. The disparity among state laws regarding how a defendant qualifies as a juvenile causes confusion and a seemingly uneven application of legal standards. For instance, neighboring states may have a different maximum ages for juvenile status, so that a sixteen year old will be treated differently in New York than he or she is in Pennsylvania (Collier 1998). In order to establish a nationwide standard, it is necessary to analyze the nature of the juvenile justice system, and whether treating juvenile offenders who commit serious crimes differently than adult offenders is justified and is an effective method of protecting both society and the rights of young offenders.
Laurence Steinberg (2001) contends that the concept of a child committing a serious crime is so incongruous to most Americans that the definition of either what constitutes a serious crime or what defines a child must be altered, in order to make it palatable. In the American system, he argues, the juvenile justice system has tended to define all crimes committed by juveniles as delinquencies, maintaining the status of childhood as the predominant factor in how a defendant is processed in the court system. The recent trend toward redefining the age parameters for childhood status threaten to overturn the traditional juvenile justice system in the United States, making young offenders more vulnerable to processing in adult courts and incarceration in adult prisons. Steinberg argues that this trend is harmful to young offenders and to society in a number of ways. He proposes that the age range of twelve to seventeen is the most vulnerable period for most people in terms of the impact of the developmentally transitional characteristics of adolescence. During this period, most people experience numerous changes, both physically, socially, and psychologically. Adolescents tend to be more susceptible to outside influences, and the impact of influences are particularly strong during this period, often having an immutable long term effect on an individual’s life. Due to the unique characteristics of this age range, subjecting young offenders to processing in the adult justice system holds particular hazards, including exposure to different standards of competence, a purely adversarial system, and the exclusively punitive sentencing with no regard for rehabilitation that are standard in the adult court system. Throwing young offenders into an adult criminal justice system could create more dysfunction and higher rates of recidivism than maintaining a rehabilitative system that takes an individual’s developmental stage into account. “’Adult time for adult crime’—the mantra of the get-tough-on-juvenile-crime lobby–says nothing about the age of the offender except for the fact that it ought to be considered irrelevant” (Steinberg 2001).
Arguing against the traditional juvenile justice system, Linda Collier (1998) points out that the types of crimes committed by young offenders have become increasingly violent and serious. She posits that if children are capable of committing adult crimes, then they should suffer adult consequences. The standards of juvenile justice in the United States were formed in the late nineteenth century, when most crimes committed by juveniles were nonviolent, consisting of petty acts such as vandalism, truancy, and petty theft. As juveniles have become increasingly involved in adult crimes, she contends that they forfeit the right to be treated differently than their adult counterparts.
Does protecting society from violent offenders require eliminating the consideration of the unique psychological and social characteristic that affect the behavior and impulse control of the young offender? Eliminating age considerations and transferring all young offenders into the adult justice system will most likely result in higher recidivism and greater psychosocial damage for young inmates. A nationally standardized juvenile justice system that is designed to weigh both the developmental stage of a defendant, as well as the seriousness of the offense, would provide a more just and socially healthy process for young offenders.
Collier, Linda J. “Adult Crime, Adult Time.” Washington Post, 29 March 1998, p. C01. New York Times. “Little Adult Criminals.” New York Times. 23 May 23 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/23/opinion/little-adult-criminals.html
Steinberg, Laurence. “Should Juvenile Offenders Be Tried as Adults?” USA Today Magazine, Jan. 2001, 129(2668) p. 34.