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1-what is cancer? 2-How cancer begins? 3- Types of cancer

[ANSWER 1] Cancer is a group of more than 100d different diseases. it can develop almost anywhere in the body. [ANSWER 2]Cell are the basic unit that make up the human body. cell grow and divide to make new cell as the body needs them. Usually, cell die when they get too old or damaged. Then ,new cell take their place. CANCER begins when genetic changes interfere with this orderly process. cell start grow uncontrollably. these cell may form a mass called tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant , meaning it can grow and spread to other part of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread. Some types of cancer do not form a tumor. These include leukemias, most types of lymphoma , and myeloma. Types of cancer 1- Carcinomas = A carcinomas begins in the skin or tissue that covers the surface of internal organs and glands. carcinomas usually form solid tumor. they are most common type of cancer. Examples of carcinomas include prostate cancer, breast cancer, lungs cancer, and colorectal cancer. 2 -sarcomas= A sarcomas begins in the tissue that support and connect the body. A sarcoma can develop in fat, muscles, nerves, tendons joints, blood vessels, lymph vessels, cartilage. 3 – Leukemias = Leukemia is a cancer of the body. leukemias begins when healthy blood cell change and grow uncontrollably. The 4 main types of leukemia are acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. 4- Lymphomas= Lymphoma is a cancer that begins in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and glands that help fight infection.

Just a few discussion in one or two paragraph

Question one
How do viral attacks involve carbohydrates? (Clue: go over clinical insights in chapter 10).
Question two
Dear students,
Two real-world scenarios related to glycolysis and the Krebs cycle you saw in the lecture are the preparation of wine and bread and muscle fatigue. I now present to you the case of making biofuels from plants. Outline how you get biofuels in the following steps:
1. The source molecule in the plant (clues for this will not only come from the “Eating and Breathing” lecture but also the “carbs and fats” lecture. The source molecule has to be broken down to get the starting molecule of glycolysis. Identify this molecule and describe how you could get to using this (2.5 points)
2. Once you get the molecule to start, identify the reaction within your lecture that you would use to get biofuels (For this, you also need to tell me what exactly are the biofuels in a usable chemical form). Once again list out the probable steps (5 points).
3. Finally, give a good example of a plant we know that acts as an ideal source to get your biofuels (2.5 points).
Now, I am not looking for any right or wrong answers here, but your understanding and also how you interact with each other, look at each other’s postings. So once each of you post your individual postings, comment on each other’s postings, and improve the process. You could start the discussion today and I will not grade anything till the end of the week
I am not looking for technical stuff, but 4-5 sentence paragraphs for each of the three questions I posted, but they should be scientifically written.
I look forward to an engaging discussion,

QUESTION TO ANSWER: You have been awarded a summer internship to join the research group of Dr. Uushig Ivili

Biology Assignment Help QUESTION TO ANSWER:

You have been awarded a summer internship to join the research group of Dr. Uushig Ivili at the National University of Mejuputara*, who studies how pollution influences the development of allergic diseases Dr. Ivili has recently begun doing work with a community in Edoforo City*, a few kilometers south of the university, and has obtained data from the regional health authority about the number of people with physician-diagnosed asthma in each of 6 zones. She also has some initial air quality monitoring information for particulate air pollution in those zones – more pollutant data will be coming in a few weeks. She suggests that the analysis of this data could be your research project (see Figure 1). Dr. Ivili reminds you that these are just the initial raw data – there are a number of things that need to be taken into account before you can really start to make sense of these numbers. She challenges you to take some time to think about this, and meet with her again in a couple of days with some ideas about what you think needs to be accounted for in analyzing and interpreting this data. Identify THREE factors that you think need to be considered in your analysis of the data that you’d bring back to your next meeting to discuss with Dr. Ivili, and explain why these are important.


Figure 1, containing the map and data for this question, is attached to my instructions.

I have 3 more application essays I need to get done, so if this one is well-written, there are opportunities for you to write more. This essay should be very well-thought-out and be in your best writing (each word matters) as the acceptance rate for this program is less than 1%. It should also be between 1450-1500 characters maximum, including spaces.

Thank you.

Heart Physiology

A healthy heart is essential to an active lifestyle. Although there are a variety of medical tests that can assess the overall health of your heart, a simple diagnostic that you can do at home is to record your heart beat and blood pressure. In this assignment, you will quantitatively describe your heart rate and blood pressure before and after exercise.
InstructionsYour task is to measure the heart rate and blood pressure of at least THREE people before and after exercise. Your selected test subjects need to be healthy individuals who are capable of sustaining at least two challenges of strenuous aerobic exercise, continuously for five minutes.
Once you have finished this activity, you will communicate your results in the form of a report.
In order to measure blood pressure, you will need access to a sphygmomanometer. If you do not have access to one, you can still complete the assignment by including qualitative observations of blood pressure.
For each test subject, measure the heart rate and blood pressure while they are at rest. To be “at rest”, the subject should have been sitting comfortably for at least five minutes, having not performed strenuous exercise for at least twenty minutes.
Next, have each test subject conduct some sort of strenuous, aerobic exercise (e.g., five minute fun, five minute sprint on an exercise bike, or a run up five flights of stairs). Ensure that all subjects perform the same exercise for the the same length of time.
Measure the heart rate and blood pressure immediately after the test subject completes the strenuous exercise.
Wait a minute, then measure the heart rate and blood pressure again.
Continue to measure the heart rate and blood pressure, at intervals of one minute, until the subject returns to their resting rate.
Once the subject has returned to resting, repeat the aerobic challenge, measuring the heart rate and blood pressure exactly as you did with the first challenge (complete measurements as outlined in steps three through five).
Communicate your results in the form of a report.
The following information is a review of how to measure your heart rate and blood pressure.

Measuring Heart Rate
You can find your pulse on a few places on your body where an artery runs close to the surface, without a lot of muscle or other tissue between it and your skin. For your purposes, the carotid pulse is likely to be the easiest to find and to monitor—that is the one at the side of your neck. Some folks are extremely uncomfortable having hands on their necks, so an alternative is to feel for the radial pulse, which is found by pressing with your index or middle finger (more sensitive than the thumb) on the inner wrist below the thumb.
Count the number of heartbeats in twelve seconds. Multiply this number by five. That is your heart rate in beats per minute (bpm), which is not exactly metric, but it is the standard way that physiologists measure heart rate.

Measuring Blood Pressure
Different blood pressure measuring devices (sphygmomanometers) work in different ways. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, or the instructions of someone who knows what they are doing. You might find, for example, the manager of a pharmacy with a free sphygmomanometer to be very helpful upon finding out that you wish to use the machine in the name of honest scientific investigation.
The standard units for measuring blood pressure are millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Normal blood pressure for a healthy adult human is “120 over 80”, which means.
120 mmHg systolic—the maximum pressure as your heart contracts and pumps the blood.
80 mmHg diastolic—the minimum pressure as your heart recovers and the blood slows.
In the event that you have no access to a sphygmomanometer, you’ll need to improvise. You will not have quantitative data, but you will still have data. Once you have felt the carotid pulse at rest, you will be able to indicate whether it is stronger, much stronger, getting stronger, getting weaker, etc. as the experiment progresses. You may also find that the radial pulse is not noticeable until the blood pressure is fairly high. These are obviously not idea solutions, but some data is always better than no data; and it would obviously be unethical to penalize a student for not having a fairly obscure piece of medical equipment. But if you can get a sphygmomanometer, do so.
The Report
The following information will help guide you through the process of putting together your report.
Start your report by stating the objective or reason for completing the test. The reader of your report should understand exactly why you completed these tests and what you hoped to learn from them.
Materials :
Provide a descriptive list of all the equipment you required to complete the tests. If you do not use any specialized equipment or materials, then you may omit this section from your report.
Procedure :
Write out each step you took in the test. Anyone who takes your procedure should be able to replicate your tests, exactly as you performed them so be clear, concise, and descriptive.
Your procedure should be written in the past tense and avoid the use pronouns such as ‘I’, ‘we’, or ‘they’.
The subject ran up 5 flights of stairs. Once completed, the heart rate and blood pressure were measured and recorded.
Do not write:
The subject will run up 5 flights of stairs, then I will measure the heart rate and blood pressure. I will record the data in my notes.
Observations :
In science, you should record all relevant observations. Often, your observations will be qualitative and might help to explain your results.
In this activity, note some qualitative observations about your subjects as they complete the tests. For example, you may note that one of your tests subjects was unable to complete the strenuous activity, and starting walking when they should have been running. This observation might help you explain why their readings are different from subjects that complete the activity as intended.
For this activity, include a minimum of THREE qualitative observations.
Results :
Record the experimental data you collected in a table and graph.
Your results section should only report your findings. Do not analyse or try to interpret your data in the results section. Leave this type of analysis for your discussion.
Discussion :
In this section, analysis and discuss your results. It is important to set-up any of your analysis with a bit of background material.
A discussion can take on many different formats, but should include the following:
A minimum of one paragraph on the background science involved in your tests.
A minimum of one paragraph that reports your analysis of the data, including any relevant trends.
A minimum of one paragraph that discusses any errors in your methods or observations that help explain deviations in your data. Do not discuss human error.
Note: In this experiment, you may want to consider discussing the amount of variation between test subjects and what factors might account for that variability.
This descriptive study requires you to collect data about a biological process. You are not required to provide a hypothesis as you are not testing the effect of a change in an independent variable on a dependent variable.
Assessment Details
Your submission should include the following:
A completed report that contains the six sections outlined in the assignment.
Your report must have a clear objective.
You must include at a minimum of three qualitative observations.
Your results should be presented in both a table and graph.
Your discussion should include background information, trends, and any error you noted.
In-text citations and a completed reference list, in APA style, for sources used in your report.

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