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3. IS-MP-AD-IA model. In 2020, oil prices fell dramatically, from about $60/barrel to $12/barrel,

Question: 3. IS-MP-AD-IA model. In 2020, oil prices fell dramatically, from about $60/barrel to $12/barrel, a huge decline. For simplicity, let’s assume that the economy was starting from steady state, so that output was equal to potential output just before the shock, and assume that the oil price shock was the only shock hitting the economy, to focus attention on
Show transcribed image textTranscribed image text: 3. IS-MP-AD-IA model. In 2020, oil prices fell dramatically, from about $60/barrel to $12/barrel, a huge decline. For simplicity, let’s assume that the economy was starting from steady state, so that output was equal to potential output just before the shock, and assume that the oil price shock was the only shock hitting the economy, to focus attention on the effects of that shock in particular. a) In the AD-IA diagram, which curve is initially shifted by the fall in oil prices? Explain which way the curve shifts, and why. Draw a diagram to help explain your answer. What is the short-run effect of the oil price shock on output and inflation? b) In the IS-MP diagram, what is the short-run effect of the oil price shock on the IS and MP curves? Draw a diagram to help explain your answer. What happens to the real interest rate in the short run? c) What is the short-run effect of the shock on consumption, investment, and government purchases? Briefly explain why. d) According to the IS-MP-AD-IÁ model, what happens to output and inflation over time in response to the shock? Draw a diagram to help explain your answer. e) What happens to the AD-IA and IS-MP diagrams in the long run? Draw those diagrams to explain your answer. If oil prices remained at $12/barrel for the indefinite future, what would be the long-run effect of that decline on output, inflation, and the real interest rate? f) What would be the long-run effect of the oil price shock on consumption, investment, and government purchases? Briefly explain why.

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criminal justice Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Probation Success and Failure

Chapter twelve of the text discusses probation and other forms of alternative sentencing. Not putting people in jail is a good idea, but only if the alternative to incarceration is successful.

In your written assignment this week, describe what factors may cause probation to be successful or not. What are the roles of the corrections organization, the probation officer, and the offender in the outcome of the probationary period? When can we determine the probationary period be deemed a success? At what point would an attempt at productive probation sentence be deemed a failure?

For reference material use at least your text and two or more of the following sources. As always, remember to identify passages in your essay where you are quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing as well as the source you are using.

http://www.justice.gov/
http://www.dhs.gov/
http://www.nij.gov
https://www.ncjrs.gov/
https://www.fbi.gov/

Your paper must be formatted in the following manner:

The paper must be 500-750 words in length. Only the body of the paper counts towards the length. No information that belongs on a title page or reference page will count towards the length requirement.
Use Times New Roman 12 point font, and double-space your lines. Get Law homework help today

Right of Pregnant Women to Work Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

3. IS-MP-AD-IA model. In 2020, oil prices fell dramatically, from about $60/barrel to $12/barrel,

Alpha Beta Inc. is a nationwide company headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. Company policy prohibits pregnant women from working in their dry cleaning plants. These jobs are the highest paid within the company. A group of women who want to sue the company come to your law firm.

Your attorney asks you to research the issue and draft a memorandum of law. The memorandum should be no less than a three to five-page paper, but no more than 1,750 words, double-spaced. In your memorandum, identify if this is a gender-discrimination issue, a pregnancy-discrimination issue, or both. Discuss the issue of paternalism in employment decision-making. Include citations to relevant case law and statutes using the Bluebook citation format. You need not address the issue of class certification, but only the issue of whether or not the company can legitimately prohibit pregnant women from working in the dry-cleaning plants.

Make sure to use correct spelling, grammar, and concise language.

On a separate page, cite all sources using the Bluebook format. Get Law homework help today

Hypothesis and Conclusion Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Short Paper: Hypothesis and Conclusion

In a 3–4 page paper address the following:

Short Paper: Hypothesis and Conclusion

In a 3–4 page paper address the following:

Identify and describe five scientific methods of research inquiry and how you would apply them to a research Project.
Be sure to provide examples.
Develop a hypothesis focused on the professional practices of criminal justice practitioners. Then select two methods of inquiries and how you would apply them to your hypothesis to reach a conclusion.

An example of a hypothesis would be: You could propose a hypothesis that focuses on whether law enforcement is better equipped to handle terrorism post 9/11 or whether airline safety has improved since the attacks of 9/11, etc.

The paper should be 3–4 pages in length, excluding title and reference pages.

Identify and describe five scientific methods of research inquiry and how you would apply them to a research Project.
Be sure to provide examples.
Develop a hypothesis focused on the professional practices of criminal justice practitioners. Then select two methods of inquiries and how you would apply them to your hypothesis to reach a conclusion.

An example of a hypothesis would be: You could propose a hypothesis that focuses on whether law enforcement is better equipped to handle terrorism post 9/11 or whether airline safety has improved since the attacks of 9/11, etc.

The paper should be 3–4 pages in length, excluding title and reference pages. Get Law homework help today

Business Costs In Dollars Assignment | Homework For You aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Task 1 10 marks

The data for Task 1 in the data file for Assignment represents the starting costs in thousands of dollars) for different kind of business.

1. Find mean, median, mode, range, variance and standard deviation separately for every type of business (2 marks)

2. For every business type construct

a. frequency and relative frequency distributions starting from class 0 to 30 (3 marks)

b. a relative frequency histogram (3 marks)

3. Discuss the results obtained in parts 1 and 2 (2 marks)

4. Test if there significant difference in the starting costs for these types of business. (3 marks)

Task 2 20 marks

The data for Task 2 in the data file for Assignment represents the following variables for franchisees of All Greens Pty Ltd: annual sales ($’000), the floor area (sq.ft.’000), inventory ($’000), advertising expenditure ($’000), the size of the area where the business operates (number of families, ‘000) and the number of competitors in the area.

1. Present the MS Excel output and write down the estimated regression equation (3 marks)

2. How well the model fits the data? (2 marks)

3. Test the hypothesis that there is no significant relationship between the dependent and any of the independent variables (2 marks)

4. Interpret individual slope coefficients (3 marks)

5. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the slope coefficients of individual variables

(3 marks)

6. Test the estimated slope coefficients for individual variables for significance (3marks)

7. Remove all insignificant variables and re-estimate the model (1 marks)

8. Using the model from part (g), predict annual sales for a franchisee with 1,000 sq ft floor area, $150,000 inventory, $5,000 spent on advertising, 5,000 families in the area of operation and 2 competitors. (3 marks. Get Statistics homework help today

Interactive Media Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

CJ Interactive Activities Worksheet – Week 5

Complete this worksheet using only the week 5 CJi Interactive activities. To ensure correct answers and context, do not use general internet searches, dictionaries, or encyclopedias.

Although this is a worksheet, answers must be written using proper APA 6th edition formatting, i.e. complete sentences, indented paragraphs, double spacing between lines as well as proper capitalization, spelling, grammar and punctuation. It is not necessary to provide citation and reference information for your answers.

Chapter 10: Sentencing > Simulation > Sentencing Score:  ____________ (score must also be emailed to instructor)

1. Explain the five criminal justice goals of sentencing philosophies of deterrence, retribution, restoration, incapacitation, and rehabilitation.

2. Explain the difference between probation, shock probation, incapacitation, and unusual sanctions.

3. What is a pre-sentence report? Who usually files these reports and what questions do they attempt to answer?

4. What is the difference between determinate and indeterminate sentencing? What are the benefits and problems with each type of sentencing method?

5. What is the difference between a trial court and an appellate court?

6. What are the three types of appeals discussed in our CJi Chapter 10 material? Explain the differences between each type of appeal.

7. What is alternative sentencing, the alternative to what? Identify and explain the various types of alternative sentences discussed in our material. Get Law homework help today

Humanities Assignment | Custom Assignment Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Jertsy Ltd owns a range of fashion clothing stores in Australian state capitals. Each store manager operates with a degree of autonomy with regards to the types and quantities of clothes that they buy and sell. Head office has established a standard mark-up on cost that local managers must use to arrive at selling prices. Store staff tend to be younger people who work part time and move on after  a year or two; as a result, there is a significant staff turnover. This high staff turnover does not affect trade and business is booming having tapped into youth fashion. Each store maintains its own accounting records and returns are sent to head office reporting purchases, sales and any sundry expenditure incurred locally. These monthly returns are consolidated by the accountant who prepares monthly management reports. The recent success of the business has allowed senior management to adopt a strategy of growth by opening new stores, but they are worried about maintaining control as the business espands.

Required: identify and explain the weaknesses in the existing system. Suggest improvements that should be included in any new system that senior management might choose to introduce.Get audit assignment homework help today

Portfolio Management: Investing Wisely Assignment | Homework For You aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Required:

Write a report on the risk and return of the above stocks with the following parts:

(a) Analysis of asset returns: 30 marks

The analysis of asset returns includes the discussion on average return, maximum and minimum return and distribution of returns.

(b) Portfolio Return and Risk: 30 marks

You need a create a three-asset portfolio having the equal weighting for each stock above. After creating the portfolio, you need to analyse portfolio return and risk.

(c) Risk Measure (Sharpe Ratio): 10 marks

You need to calculate the Sharpe Ratio of each stock return, assuming the risk

free return during the analysis period is 3% and choose the best stock on the

basis of Sharpe Ratio.

(d) Value at Risk (VaR): 30 marks

You need to calculate the Value at Risk using a normal distribution at 95%

confidence level for each stock listed above and choose the best stock on the

basis of VaR. Get Statistics homework help today

Statistics Assignment | Homework For You aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Access the statistics of not more than 3 years old (between 2014 to 2017); of the use of traditional medias and new medias in Shanghai, China which will help in generating organisation growth. *No conclusion needed, summary for each pointed with no connecting and repeating words.

1.Television (top 3 televison channels supported with statistics)

2.Bus stop (how many people takes the public transport daily)

3.Wechat(benefits for enterprise and statistic of usage for people living in Shanghai)

4.Taobao(benefits for enterprise and statistic of usage for people living in Shanghai)

5.Tmall(benefits for enterprise and statistic of usage for people living in Shanghai)

6.Trade shows (how many beauty exhibitions are there in a year and what is the human flow like?)

7.Magazines (Top 3 in Shanghai and the target users supported with statistics)

8.Newspaper (Top 3 in Shanghai and the target users supported with statistics)

9.Weibo (benefits for enterprise and statistic of usage for people living in Shanghai)

10.Alipay(benefits for enterprise and statistic of usage for people living in Shanghai) Get Statistics homework help today

Financial Principal Component Analysis Assignment | Homework For You aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Business Case Analysis 1

1. Dimension Reduction (5%)

This item requires the dataset Utilities.xls which can be found on the subject Interact site.

This dataset gives corporate data on 22 US public utilities. We are interested in forming groups of similar utilities. The objects to be clustered are the utilities.

There are 8 measurements on each utility described below. An example where clustering would be useful is a study to predict the cost impact of deregulation. To do the requisite analysis economists would need to build a detailed cost model of the various utilities.

It would save a considerable amount of time and effort if we could cluster similar types of utilities and to build detailed cost models for just one ”typical” utility in each cluster and then scaling up from these models to estimate results for all utilities. The objects to be clustered are the utilities and there are 8 measurements on each utility.

X1: Fixed-charge covering ratio (income/debt)

X2: Rate of return on capital

X3: Cost per KW capacity in place

X4: Annual Load Factor

X5: Peak KWH demand growth from 1974 to 1975

X6: Sales (KWH use per year)

X7: Percent Nuclear

X8: Total fuel costs (cents per KWH)

a. Conduct Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on the data. Evaluate and comment on the Results. Should the data be normalized? Discuss what characterizes the components you consider key and justify your answer.

b. Briefly explain advantages and any disadvantages of using the PCA compared to other methods for this task.

2. Naïve Bayes Classifier (10%)

This item requires the dataset UniversalBank.xls which can be found on the subject Interact site.

The following is a business analytical problem faced by financial institutions and banks. The objective is to determine the measurements for personal loan acceptance.

The dataset UniversalBank.xls contains data on 5000 customers of Universal Bank. The data include customer demographic information (age, income, etc.), the customer’s relationship with the bank (mortgage, securities account etc.), and the customer response to the last personal loan campaign (Personal Loan). Among these 5000 customers, only 480 (= 9.6%) accepted the personal loan that was offered to them in the earlier campaign. In this exercise we focus on two predictors: Online (whether or not the customer is an active user of online banking services) and Credit Card (abbreviated CC below) (does the customer hold a credit card issued by the bank), and the outcome Personal Loan (abbreviated Loan below). Partition the data into training (60%) and validation (40%) sets.

a. Create a pivot table for the training data with Online as a column variable, CC as a row variable, and Loan as a secondary row variable. The values inside the cells should convey the count (how many records are in that cell).

b. Consider the task of classifying a customer who owns a bank credit card and is actively using online banking services. Analyse the pivot table and calculate the probability that this customer will accept the loan offer. Note: This is the probability of loan acceptance (Loan=1) conditional on having a bank credit card (CC=1) and being an active user of online banking services (Online=1).

c. Design two separate pivot tables for the training data. One will have Loan (rows) as a function of Online (columns) and the other will have Loan (rows) as a function of CC. Compute the following quantities [P(A | B) means “the probability of A given B”]:

i. P(CC=1 | Loan=1) (the proportion of credit card holders among the loan acceptors)

ii. P(Online=1 | Loan=1)

iii. P(Loan=1) (the proportion of loan acceptors)

iv. P(CC=1 | Loan=0)

v. P(Online=1 | Loan=0)

vi. P(Loan=0)

d. Using the quantities computed in (c), compute the Naive Bayes probability P(Loan=1 | CC=1, Online=1).

e. Based on the calculations above, suggest the best possible strategy for the customer to get the loan.

Rationale

This task assesses your progress towards meeting Learning Outcomes 1, 2 and 3:

1. Be able to identify and analyze business requirements for the identification of patterns and trends in data sets

2. Be able to appraise the different approaches and categories of data mining problems.

3. Be able to compare and evaluate output patterns. Get Statistics homework help today

Insidious injuries Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

The article by Calhoun and Hiller on insidious injuries discusses a problem that is very difficult to eradicate in modern technological and industrial societies, that is injuries that arise in the workplace or as a result of exposure to certain types of consumer products. What is an insidious injury and what are the characteristics of insidious injuries?

1.5-2 pages, APA format, no plagiarism, article is attached below.

Files: clx4hux2fv.pdf Get Law homework help today

Criminal Justice System Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Pick one question below and answer in 1.5-2 pages, APA format, no plagiarism.

1. Identify and briefly discuss the main differences between the processing of white-collar offenders in the criminal justice system and the processing of ordinary street offenders.

2. Identify and briefly discuss the conceptual and constitutional arguments that Ford made to try to prevent the case from coming to trial in Indiana. Why did Ford argue that under Indiana’s reckless homicide law it could not be prosecuted and the indictment should be quashed? Finally, briefly describe what the court decided in regard to each of Ford’s arguments.

3. What has been the legacy of the Ford Pinto trial? That is, how has the law regarding corporate crime changed in the years since the trial ended? Has the criminal law been used more vigorously against corporations as the authors predicted or not? (If you choose to answer this one, you will have to read chapters 7 and 8 in the Pinto book, which are only recommended and not required.) Get Law homework help today

Juvenile justice Assignment | College Homework Help aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

What juvenile justice issues cannot be resolved with our current understanding of developmental research and information on youth development?

For example, some recent Supreme Court cases used—in part—research on youth development to limit severe sanctions for offences committed by youth.

2. What type of information should be used in terms of placing boundaries on sanctions for juvenile offenders? Can understanding developmental processes better inform juvenile justice practice and policy? How so? 3. Thinking about all of the readings collectively, what are the most important points to be drawn from these readings

3-4 pages, APA format, no plagiarism

Files: agx85mrsts.pdf, y9vg1adyf0.pdf Get Law homework help today

Science Assignment | Homework For You aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

1. Dimension Reduction (5%) This item requires the dataset Utilities.xls which can be found on the subject Interact site. This dataset gives corporate data on 22 US public utilities. We are interested in forming groups of similar utilities. The objects to be clustered are the utilities. There are 8 measurements on each utility described below. An example where clustering would be useful is a study to predict the cost impact of deregulation. To do the requisite analysis economists would need to build a detailed cost model of the various utilities. It would save a considerable amount of time and effort if we could cluster similar types of utilities and to build detailed cost models for just one ”typical” utility in each cluster and then scaling up from these models to estimate results for all utilities. The objects to be clustered are the utilities and there are 8 measurements on each utility. X1: Fixed-charge covering ratio (income/debt) X2: Rate of return on capital X3: Cost per KW capacity in place X4: Annual Load Factor X5: Peak KWH demand growth from 1974 to 1975 X6: Sales (KWH use per year) X7: Percent Nuclear X8: Total fuel costs (cents per KWH) a. Conduct Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on the data. Evaluate and comment on the Results. Should the data be normalized? Discuss what characterizes the components you consider key and justify your answer. b. Briefly explain the advantages and any disadvantages of using the PCA compared to other methods for this task.

2. Naïve Bayes Classifier (10%) This item requires the dataset UniversalBank.xls which can be found on the subject Interact site. The following is a business analytical problem faced by financial institutions and banks. The objective is to determine the measurements for personal loan acceptance. The dataset UniversalBank.xls contains data on 5000 customers of Universal Bank. The data include customer demographic information (age, income, etc.), the customer’s relationship with the bank (mortgage, securities account etc.), and the customer response to the last personal loan campaign (Personal Loan). Among these 5000 customers, only 480 (= 9.6%) accepted the personal loan that was offered to them in the earlier campaign. In this exercise, we focus on two predictors: Online (whether or not the customer is an active user of online banking services) and Credit Card (abbreviated CC below) (does the customer hold a credit card issued by the bank), and the outcome Personal Loan (abbreviated Loan below).

Partition the data into training (60%) and validation (40%) sets.

a. Create a pivot table for the training data with Online as a column variable, CC as a row variable, and Loan as a secondary row variable. The values inside the cells should convey the count (how many records are in that cell).

b. Consider the task of classifying a customer who owns a bank credit card and is actively using online banking services. Analyze the pivot table and calculate the probability that this customer will accept the loan offer. Note: This is the probability of loan acceptance (Loan=1) conditional on having a bank credit card (CC=1) and being an active user of online banking services (Online=1).

c. Design two separate pivot tables for the training data. One will have Loan (rows) as a function of Online (columns) and the other will have Loan (rows) as a function of CC. Compute the following quantities [P(A | B) means “the probability of A given B”]: i. P(CC=1 | Loan=1) (the proportion of credit card holders among the loan acceptors) ii. P(Online=1 | Loan=1) iii. P(Loan=1) (the proportion of loan acceptors) iv. P(CC=1 | Loan=0) v. P(Online=1 | Loan=0) vi. P(Loan=0)

d. Using the quantities computed in (c), compute the Naive Bayes probability P(Loan=1 | CC=1, Online=1).

e. Based on the calculations above, suggest the best possible strategy for the customer to get the loan. Get Statistics homework help today

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