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African Cultures And West Coast Of Africa Popular Mba Argumentative Essay Help

Colonialism In Africa

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Throughout many centuries, Europeans have force their ideals and religion onto African cultures. Portuguese settlers began arriving into the West Coast of Africa to find direct routes to the gold trade and trade routes to spice islands of South Africa. In 1444, Portugal made their first encounter with slaves in Northern Mauritania, the first signs of slave trade and its influence on African culture. Europeans began to plague African cultures through the use of tyranny and weapons that Africans had never been exposed to. Europeans began to have different ideas about the use of slaves in Africa when their motives included the need for plantation labor. They began to bring African “slaves” to North American, South America, and the Caribbean Islands. This caused many of the African tribes to forget about their culture and become incorporated into a different one. Europeans began to colonize in Africa in attempt to make it more “civilized” and to “modernize” it, but it eventually lead to the policy of extending their influence over Africa for economic and political benefit, or imperialism. Europeans ultimate desire to modernize Africa has affected its original culture in the African Kingdoms, the introduction of the slave trade, and the colonists political effect on the overall African culture.


African culture originated from the African Kingdoms that have played a big role in the development of African culture before the Europeans arrived. African culture revolved around trade and outside influences, including tradition of the Arab people who crossed the Red Sea into Africa and those of the Kushite people they settles among. Trade was a major aspect of African culture that attracted many people from all over the world. Much of their religion was also incorporated into their culture during the Middle Ages because they believed in one God. They called their God Mahrem and believed that their king was a direct descendant. They were also animists and worshiped the spirits of nature and honored their dead ancestors. They believed in the bad spirits, spirits that cause illnesses, death and suffering. They also believed in good spirits; spirits that provided humans with food and protection. Their political standpoint was a little bit different that what Europeans were accustomed to. They had a king that had tax collectors in the Ghana Empire and would watch over merchants when they exchanged good in the trading cities. In addition to tax trade, royal officials would make sure that all traders weighed goods fairly and did business according to the law. These royal guards were also very protective of their people against bandits. In Europe, following reinvigoration of trade and a money economy based on gold, Lords and the church has a taxation tithe system that peasants and vassals paid. Insurance, banks, bills of exchange, and middle class, guild, and other institutions began to form. Africa was more developed because it was able to satisfy all the needs of the people while still maintaining a peaceful relationship between the king and the people. European government, however, was dependent on peasants and vassal payments that were unfair to them and not to the Lords that did not have to pay them. This created many problems when Europeans arrived in Africa because they began to treat African almost as they treated their peasants and vassals, taking them away from their culture and beliefs.


Although the African Kingdoms during the Middle Ages provided a foundation for much of the culture seen in Africa today, Europeans began disintegrating much of Africans belief through the start of the slave trade. When Europeans began to arrive in Africa, they began to set up the African Slave Trade. When Portugal arrived in Africa in 1444, they made their first encounter with slaves in Northern Mauritania. Eventually, the Dutch, French, Spanish, and British followed, and they set up the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade provided different motives for Europeans in terms of the need for slaves. Slaves were thought to be mostly beneficial for plantation labor. Europeans would take different captives, especially young men, to do the labor in the fields. They were forced to do hard manual labor and the average span for a young male slave working in a plantation was 5 years and they were usually dead within being 25 years of age. This caused many downfalls for Africa as a continent because it created a decrease in population size and a great mistrust in outsiders. The reasons that lay behind the decrease in population and mistrust in outsiders is not only due to the fact that Europeans worked these African slaves until the died, but also because the voyage that they needed to take to reach their destination, be it North America, South America, or the Caribbean Islands, was gruesome. When slaves were shipped over seas, the ships were extremely overcrowded and caused lack of oxygen in the lower decks. Even if a small amount of the slaves survived the trip, slave traders could still make a profit on the other slaves which they sold on an auction block. Although many Europeans used men as their source of labor in the plantations, they also had a need for female slaves. Female slaves served for the main purpose to work in plantations, but most importantly, to produce children. This was very important to plantation owners because the children born into slavery would also become slaves since they would not be able to survive alone outside of slavery. Although slavery has served a great purpose


International Olympic Committee And Instances Of The Olympic Charter write essay help: write essay help

Commercialism In The Olympics

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The International Olympic Committee has become a corporation-like entity incurring in commercialism and contradicting the Hellenic Ideal of Justice. After stating our thesis it is important for us to be aware of the definition of the two main concepts under analysis.


The ideal of Justice: The ideal of justice is based in three principles: equality, impartiality, and moral reciprocity. Where individuals should be treated as equals under the same set of rules or guidelines, as well as requiring members to regard each other as having the same moral standing. (Reid)


Commercialism: The tendency within capitalism to try to turn everything in life into objects and services that are sold for the purpose of generating profit; commercialization, where the value of everything, including such intangible things as happiness, health and beauty become measured in purely commercial, materialistic terms, and where public services are being privatized or outsourced to private companies. (Wikipedia)


Commercialism is a term that is touched on in several instances of the Olympic Charter. We must first refer to IOC’s mission and role where they explicitly oppose the political and commercial abuse of sport and athletes. At the same time we can see that in other instances the Olympic Charter contradicts its initial position when it mentions that they have the exclusive rights to valuable profit resources. Accordingly to the contradiction mentioned above, Garry Whannel from the Roehampton Institute stated his view in this matter by saying “It is no surprise that the concept of amateurism has been rendered redundant, irrelevant and laughable. It has become untenable to allow agencies, corporations and networks to profit, whilst at the heart of the spectacle, sportsmen and women are supposed to remain hermetically sealed away from commercial reward.” (Whannel)


We must understand that there is not only a contradiction between what the IOC states in the Olympic Charter regarding their actions and limitation but also those of the athletes who are to abide to certain guidelines that limit them from profiting from their sporting activities. If according to the IOC, they are not searching economical profit, why is it that this event moves so much money?


With the intention to further comprehend this matter and for the purpose of this analysis we will first shift our focus to broadcasting rights of the Olympic Games. In the verge of a technological boom in television broadcasting of sporting events in the 1950s and 1960s, the IOC modified their stance in regards commercialism as we can appreciate in the statements made by Avery Brundage, president of the IOC. “I am not sure that we should ever get into business, but on the other hand we should not give millions of dollars away.” (Barney) This statement was made


Automexs Goals And Usautos Goal melbourne essay help

Problem Solution Template

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Running head: PROBLEM SOLUTION: GENEONE

Problem Solution: GeneOne

Your Name Goes Here

University of Phoenix

Problem Solution: GeneOne

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing your introduction.]

Situation Analysis

Issue and Opportunity Identification

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Stakeholder Perspectives/Ethical Dilemmas

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Problem Statement

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

End-State Vision

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Alternative Solutions

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Analysis of Alternative Solutions

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Risk Assessment and Mitigation Techniques

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Optimal Solution

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Implementation Plan

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Evaluation of Results

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Conclusion

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

References

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to enter your first reference.]

Table 1

Issue and Opportunity Identification

Issue

Opportunity

Reference to Specific Course Concept (Include citation)

Concept

USAutos negotiating team did not carefully identify AutoMexs goals. USAutos goal was to reduce costs through utilizing AutoMex labor. AutoMex, by contrast, viewed USAuto as a source for developing


Department Head And Riordan Manufacturing persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help

Problem Solution Riordan

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Running head: PROBLEM SOLUTION: RIORDAN MANUFACTURING

Problem Solution: Riordan Manufacturing

Your Name Goes Here

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Problem Solution: Riordan Manufacturing

In order for any company to gain competitive advantage over other companies in the same industry, it is important that the management team understands the importance of improving business results through people. Employees are the maker or breaker of any company. Without increased motivation and morale of the employees in a company, the company risks losing valuable employees and will be at a disadvantage in attracting potential top talents. As the economy continues to change and competition continues to increase, businesses have to continuously find ways to satisfy their employees in order to retain the best ones.


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation at Riordan. The company has made several strategic changes in the way it manufactures and markets its products and has chosen to adopt a customer-relationship management (CRM) system. Unfortunately, as changes have been implemented, employee retention numbers have declined and there has been an overall decrease in job satisfaction, particularly in the areas of compensation and benefits. This paper will present a problem statement that would outline Riordans challenges and identify opportunities that might result from facing their challenges. This paper will also identify future end-state goals for the company. I began research by reading the entire scenario on Riordan from the companys intranet and was able to understand the companys background.


Situation Analysis

**Write a brief analysis of the scenario here. You should be able to do this yourself by reading the scenario. Just write an overview of whats going on. Then the issues and opportunities Id list for you will follow


Issue Identification



Each department head is focused only on the employees within their department and refuses to look at the companys state as a whole.



Riordan is in the middle of a sales plump and might not be able to incur the costs of expenses required to make changes or increase incentives and rewards




The company and the department heads do not understand the need for effective HR system for the success of the company



The management team at Riordan does not understand the basic concepts of ability, motivation and opportunity. The theory related to ability, motivation and opportunity “is valuable for general managers because it provides basic tools for diagnosing practical HRM problems and also for generating and evaluating concrete solutions” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).




There is concern that some of the company employees are being underpaid. This might lead to continuous increasing turnover. Turnover is already high.



The current reward system is not based on performance, but on cost of living increases, seniority and position. This system does not support the new sales team philosophy. Levels of rewards distributed to employees are not perceived as fair and just. The system does not take into consideration the concept of equity theory. “Equity theory, similar to expectancy theory, considers employee perceptions (versus objective reality) to be critical to ones motivation for achieving fairness” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).




R&D wants their contributions to the sales process be recognized and acknowledged. They also want incentives that reward continuous focus.



Sales are continuing to decline and the switch to customer-focused teams is proceeding slowly.



Company president and CEO are unrealistic about employee feelings. He does not understand the need for employee motivation and feels like there is no basis for their complaints.




No financial or resourceful investment in reward systems.

Opportunity Identification



Riordan has the opportunity to invest in individual and group incentives for its employees. This will contribute to the benefits of those employees that feel like they are being underpaid and will deter them from leaving the company.




Since each department head is aware of the specific problems within their department, they can use this knowledge objectively, to come together as a team and find a solution or solutions that will benefit the entire company and all employees as a whole.




The financial challenges the company is facing can make them begin to prioritize the issues and set up a budget that will help them meet their goals.



By hiring and keeping the outside consultant, Riordan will be able to have an objective view and lead as they begin to work on company and employee issues.




There is a huge potential for learning and growth for the companys management team. Instead of focusing on the individual problems within their department, they will be able to learn the importance of strategic HR systems and its advantages to the company.




The company and management team now has an opportunity to align the companys reward and compensation systems with the business strategy. Since Riordan recently made strategic changes in its marketing processes, it should be easier for them to translate their compensation system into something congruent with that strategy. According to the model set forth by Dreher & Dougherty, “the firms business strategy, along with its technology, determines the organizations design and work processes” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001). These work processes call for a particular set of behavioral/role requirements for employees. “Managers must design HR systems that promote these behaviors, while also taking into account contextual factors affecting the firm, especially labor markets and the legal environment” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).




By implementing and capitalizing on an HR system, Riordan will be able to know and understand the effects of the pay model. They would understand how the different perspectives on compensation, how their employees view compensation, and how it will affect their work and behavior. “How people view compensation affects how


Ronald David Cole And Colorado First Light Infantry essay help free

Colorado First Light Infantry

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Colorado First Light Infantry

The Colorado First Light Infantry was an anti-militia group in the U.S. that only consisted of three members. Although this homegrown terrorist group was small and short-lived, it served as a precursor to another larger organization that would be formed. The Colorado First Light Infantry was founded by Ronald David Cole after the events of the Waco siege in Texas in 1993. Cole was at the time a member of the Branch Davidians and ended up writing a pro-Branch Davidians book Sinister Twilight, where he declared that his task was to complete the mission David Koresh failed to fulfill. In 1994, he met with the notorious domestic terrorist Timothy McVeigh prior to the Oklahoma City bombing (Brennan 1995). In 1997 at McVeighs trial, Cole handed out leaflets demanding fair treatment for McVeigh, as well as news releases for the North American Liberation Army, which he had also founded. He also spoke to the media about alleged harassment of paramilitary group members by law enforcement.


Also in 1994, Cole was involved in a violent incident at the site of the destroyed Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas. A standoff occurred between self-proclaimed leaders of the remnants of the sect over who had control of the property. Cole and a former Davidian Wally Kennett were accompanying Andrew Hood, a man who some Davidians had sought out for leadership. Their party became embroiled in an argument with Amo Bishop Roden, the wife of former Davidian leader George Roden; she then fired a warning shot into the air. Roden was charged with felony deadly conduct, and Kennett and Cole were charged with weapons violations (Verhovek 1994).


On May 2, 1997, Kevin Terry, Ronald David Cole, and Wallace Stanley Kennett–members of the Colorado First Light Infantry militia–were arrested by federal agents and local officers in response to criminal warrant alleging they possessed a pipe bomb in their rental house in Aurora, Colorado. A subsequent search of their shared residence revealed mortars, pipe bombs, ammunition, automatic weapons, grenades, and various explosive devices, as well as general plans for the disruption of the federal government through bombings and other violent acts. The actual weapons were a 9mm Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun, a .308 caliber Heckler & Koch Model 91, a .223-caliber Olympic Arms PCF CAR-15-type assault rifle and a 9mm Action Arms Uzi machine pistol (Outpost of Freedom 1997). In response Cole said “Theyre trying to make me look like a terrorist because I criticize them publicly.” Ronald Cole, the groups self declared commander, entered into a plea agreement and on March 26, 1998, was sentenced to 27 months in federal prison on four counts of illegal machine gun possession. Several days earlier, Kevin Terry had also accepted a plea bargain and was sentenced to one year and one day in prison on a single machine gun violation. Terry was released two days later, after being given credit for time served in custody and good behavior. He was also ordered to serve three years supervised release. On February 10, Wallace Stanley Kennett pled guilty to a single count of illegal possession of a machine gun. In exchange for the guilty plea, prosecutors dropped eight other counts in the indictment against Kennett. On May 1, Kennett was sentenced to serve 18 months in federal prison. U.S. District Judge Daniel Sparr, who presided over the three trials, also ordered Kennett to serve three years supervised release and perform 100 hours of community service once freed. The three men were believed to be the only members of the Colorado First Light Infantry.


There is not a lot of available information on this paramilitary group, but it seems likely it was formed as a sort of response to the actions taken against Timothy McVeigh. All three men trained themselves on weapon use and explosives. The warrant that led to their arrest was actually obtained greatly in part to the testimony of an ex-Marine Daniel McNasby. McNasby had casually been invited to go shooting with the three when


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