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AlexMccourt The Student Room Biology Notes best college essay help

These hydrogen ions compete with oxygen for space on the haemoglobin. Therefore too much carbon dioxide can cause a reduction in oxygen transportation. Carbon dioxide can also combine with haemoglobin to make carbaminohaemoglobin which has a lower affinity for oxygen. Excess carbon dioxide can also cause respiratory acidosis by dissolving in the blood plasma and reacting with water to make carbonic acid which dissociates and releases hydrogen ions. This lowers the pH by making the blood more acidic.

If the change is small is leads to an increased reathing rate but if it is larger it can cause difficult breathing, drowsiness, headaches and confusion. It could cause a rapid heart rate and changes in blood pressure. Nitrogenous compounds The body cannot store proteins or amino acids. But because they contain a lot of energy, amino acids are transported to the liver where they get the toxic amino acid group removed via deamination. The amino acid then forms the very soluble but highly toxic ammonium before being converted to urea and is then transported to the liver for excretion.

There is some remaining keto cid which can be respired or converted to a carbohydrate or fat for storage. c. Describe the histology and gross structure of the liver Hepatic artery Supplies the liver with oxygenated blood from the heart. The oxygen supplied is need for aerobic respiration. Hepatic portal vein This carries oxygenated blood to the liver. The blood is rich in the products of digestion some of which may be toxic compounds. Hepatic vein This is where blood leaves the liver which then re-joins the vena cava. Bile duct Bile is secreted from the liver.

Bile has a digestive and excretory function. It carries bile from the liver to the gall bladder where it is stored until needed for the digestion of fats in the small intestine. Inter-lobular vessels This is a special chamber where blood from the hepatic artery and hepatic portal vein mix. It is lined by liver cells so molecules can be removed from the blood and pass molecules into the blood. They empty into the inter-lobule vessels. Liver cells/Hepatocytes They have a simple cuboidal shape with microvilli on the surface. They have many metabolic functions: Protein synthesis.

Transformation and storage of carbohydrates. Synthesis of cholesterol and bile salts. Detoxification. The cytoplasm is very dense. Kupffer cells Specialist macrophages. Move about in the sinusoids to breakdown and recycle old blood cells. One of the products of this breakdown is bilirubin which is excreted in the bile and gives the brown pigment in faeces. d. Describe the formation of urea in the liver including an outline of the ornithine cycle Deamination Amino acid + 020Keto acid + ammonia Ornithine cycle 2NH3 + C02 0 + H20 Ammonia + carbon dioxide 0 Urea + water e.

Describe the roles of the liver in detoxification Liver cells contain enzymes that make toxic molecules less toxic. E. g. Catalase which converts hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water. Detoxification of alcohol Ethanol contains chemical potential energy that can be used in respiration. It is broken down in the hepatocytes using ethanol dehydrogenase. This makes ethanal which is dehydrogenated further using ethanal dehydrogenase. Then ethanoate is produced with coenzyme A to form acetyl coenzyme A. Hydrogen atoms are released which are combined with NAD to produce reduced NAD. f.

Describe the histology and gross structure of the kidney g. Describe the detailed structure of a nephron and its associated blood vessels h. Describe and explain the production of urine, with reference to the processes of ultrafiltration and selective reabsorption Ultrafiltration 1 . Blood flows into the glomerulus from the afferent arteriole which is wider than the efferent arteriole which carries the blood away from the glomerulus. 2. This means that the blood in the capillaries is under increased pressure. 3. The blood pressure in the glomerulus is higher than in the Bowman’s capsule. . So fluid from the blood is pushed in the Bowman’s capsule. . Molecules with a higher molecular mass than 69,000 cannot get through the basement membrane so are held in the capillaries of cells. 6. The substances which are filtered out of the blood include: water, amino acids, glucose, urea and inorganic ions including sodium, chloride and potassium. Selective reabsorption 1 . The sodium-potassium pumps remove sodium ions from the cells in the proximal convoluted tubule. This is done via active transportation. 2. The concentration of sodium ions in the cell cytoplasm is reduced 3.

Sodium ions are transported into the ell with glucose or amino acids via facilitated diffusion. 4. Glucose and amino acid concentrations increase in the cell. 5. Glucose and amino acids can diffuse out of the opposite side of the cell into the tissue fluid. Some may be actively removed from the cells. 6. The glucose and amino acids in the tissue fluid diffuse into the blood and are carried away. 7. Salts, glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed which reduces the water potential in the cells and increases the water potential in the tubule fluid. 8.

So water enters the cells. 9. The water is then reabsorbed into the blood by osmosis. 10. Larger molecules like small proteins that may have entered the tubule are reabsorbed by exocytosis. i. Explain, using water potential terminology, the control of the water content of the blood, with reference to the roles of the kidney, osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary gland Roles of the Kidney In the descending limb Loss of water by osmosis to the surrounding tissue fluid. Diffusion of sodium and chloride ions into the tubule from the surrounding tissue.

The lower down the descending limb the lower the water potential. In the ascending limb At the base the sodium ions diffuse out. Higher up the sodium and chloride ions are actively transported our into the tissue fluid. The wall is impermeable to water so it cannot leave. The fluid loses salts as it moves up the ascending limb. As the fluid moves up the tubule the water potential increases. Distal convoluted tubule Active transport is used to adjust the concentrations of various salts. Collecting duct Water moves by osmosis from the tubule fluid into the surrounding tissue.

It then enters the blood capillaries. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Cells in the wall of the collecting duct have receptors for ADH. ADH causes a chain of nzyme controlled reactions inside the cells, inserting vesicles containing water permeable channels (aquaporins) into the cell surface membrane. If there is more ADH, there will be more aquaporins so more water is reabsorbed by osmosis into the blood so less urine is passed out of the body. How are the levels of ADH controlled? The water potential of the blood is monitored by osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus of the brain.

When the water potential of the blood is low the osmoreceptor cells lose water by osmosis causing them to shrink and stimulate neurosecretory cells in the hypothalamus. This leads to the neurosecretory cells producing ADH which flows down the axon to the terminal bulb in the posterior pituitary gland where it is stored till needed. When the neurosecretory cells are stimulated they send action potentials around the body to their target cells which are the collecting ducts. When the water potential of the blood rises, less ADH is released. J.

Outline the problems that arise from kidney failure and discuss the use of renal dialysis and transplants for the treatment of kidney failure Kidney failure Most common causes are: diabetes mellitus, hypertension and infection. It means that the body is unable to remove excess water, urea and salts. Also, the body is unable to regulate the levels of water and salts in the body. Dialysis It removes wastes, excess fluid and salt from the body by passing the blood over a partially permeable dialysis membrane which allows exchanges between the blood and dialysis fluid.

Because the dialysis fluid contains the right concentrations of salts, urea, water and other substances in the blood plasma, it means that any substances in excess will diffuse across the membrane into the dialysis fluid and any that there s not enough of will diffuse into the blood. It has to be combined with a carefully planned diet. Haemodialysis Blood from a vein is passed through a machine that has an artificial membrane. Heparin is added to avoid clotting. It is usually performed at a clinic, three times a week for several hours.

Peritoneal dialysis The filter is the bodys own abdominal membrane (peritoneum). A permanent tube is implanted into the abdomen. Dialysis solution is put through the tube which fills the gap between the abdomen and organs. After several hours the solution is usually drained. It is usually performed in several consecutive sessions daily at home or at work and you can walk round while it is being done. Kidney transplantation The old kidneys are usually left in place unless they are likely to cause infection or are cancerous.

They kidney can be from a living relative or a dead person. The patient is under anaesthetic and the new kidney is places in the lower abdomen where it is attached to the blood supply and the bladder. Patients are given immunosuppressant drugs to help prevent rejection. k. Describe how urine samples can be used to test for pregnancy and detect misuse of anabolic steroids Pregnancy esting Human embryos secrete human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Because it is a relatively small glycoprotein it can be detected in urine as early as 6 days after conception.

Declaration of Independence writing an essay help: writing an essay help

My Declaration of Independence When a human was given a brain he/she was given the ability to use it. Since every human has one, every human can use it to make decision for their own welfare equally. In everyday life you will find that some people are bigger and/or better than you in certain fields. Also in everyday life people like to use their age for their own good. In a household of siblings there are certain advantages that are giving by age. Older siblings are aware of these advantages and abuse them to the fullest.

I believe that in households like that a child’s growth can be stunt permanently and, affect them in the long run. I personally hate being the youngest and I’m sure many others feel the same way. In households were parents are aware of the instability they should take action right away. Some parents aren’t aware of these things and let them slide by. These advantages cause many problems and may become fatal. I am tired of the disadvantages of being the youngest. They have taken all the good things I have for them selfs.

They have used out all the hot water and didn’t leave me any to have a good shower. They have eaten all the food I bought for myself. They have controlled the AC & radio in the car always. They have always taken the privilege of deciding where we eat. They have put the burden of chores in my hands. They have been given twice more allowance than me. They have been given first choice on things and given me leftovers. They have made fun of me endlessly. They have excluded me from fun games. They have hogged the bathroom all day long.

Multitasking rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

Studies are being conducted to test the human brain to see if it can actually perform multiple tasks simultaneously. Multitasking has a positive side as well as a negative side to it. Being productive while working on multiple things at once can be a positive, however texting while driving can be one of the most dangerous actions in our world today. Multitasking has become a part of my everyday life, and has added a sense of productivity to my boring school days. Every morning I brush my teeth while I shower,

I do multiple subjects of homework simultaneously at night, and I am currently listening to music as I compose this essay. Multitasking has become essential for me to get all of my tasks done by the end of the day. Despite the dangerous things we do while behind the wheel of a car, I believe multitasking has proven to be a benefit to our society. Multitasking is changing my life everyday by keeping me on top of my school work and my religion all while remaining involved in my community. I have mastered multitasking.

Course notes Latin American studies free essay help online: free essay help online

Food is not rational. Food is culture, habit, craving and identity. All countries have a myriad of diverse ways to express their culture. In my homeland Colombia and my current home the United States there is a lot of divergence as well as resemblances The factors that create ones culture can range from religion, music and food. All cultures share the fact, that they take pride in pleasures and the forms of entertainment they enjoy. I believe one of the greatest cultural aspects in my homeland and as well as the United States, is food.

Some typical dishes in Colombia are tamales, arepas in all styles, empanadas, rice with chicken, beans, sancocho (hen soup) and coconut rice. In exchange, some traditional foods in America consist of pizza, hamburgers, chicken nuggets, french fries, corn, chicken pot pie, candy apples and more. The main difference is that in Colombia the majority of food is prepared from scratch, which in turn means that meal preparation takes significantly longer to follow our grandmothers old recipe on how to properly cook beans. In American culture, we conveniently buy precooked and packaged foods and quickly microwave them.

When we are really pressed for time, which is quite often considering the chaos of living the American dream, we turn to eating fast food. For example, in a Colombian household’s refridgerator, almost no pre-packaged Juice is maintained. For all meals, we freshly squeeze fruit to make natural Juices such as lulo, raspberry, guanabana and tamarind. However, here we easily pore a glass of orange Juice from a carton or make iced tea from processed sugar. Another example is mashed potatoes. In my country, one would boil the potatoes, mash it and the mix appropriate quantities of cheese, salt and butter.

While n American culture one can simply open up a box and heat it up the product while mixing it with milk. I believe this is very common because in Colombia many people own their properties such as farms where they cultivate and harvest food for immediate use. Supermarkets have easy access to farms and therefore it is not for long distance travel. This is also due to the lower economic system in Colombia. People cannot afford to eat out everyday and it would not benefit companies to spend money on chemicals and preservatives when people are accustomed to buying produce and meats for immediate use.

In other words, this is also a personal reference of how the nation chooses to eat their meals. Another factor that contributes to this is the fact that in a typical Colombian household there is usually one or two primary caregivers who work and provide the families financial needs or there is not enough work for both parents. It is more difficult to find occupations in Colombia due to that there are far less people that are educated past high school so that leaves less opportunities for Jobs and less overall income.

Although this is not a favorable trait for the country as a whole but the bright side to this is people live a more stress free life style because I believe he more one has the more they want and crave for. People are not upset with their quality of living and this also gives them more free time to share with their families and provides a sense of unity within the family. In the United States, chemicals and preservatives are used in the food industry in all food except for organic foods that are beginning to take rise because of the nation’s high obesity numbers.

Preservatives are necessary to maintain this way of life mainly because our foods are imported from other countries or are brought from different states and would rot without chemicals. Another reason we inject chemicals into foods are to improve their appearance. It is imperative for our society to use preservatives because most people live a fast pace life which may include working two or three Jobs and going to school or managing the life of your children while being a single mom.

It is important because most people do not have time to cook everyday or to buy groceries and people would starve or the food would be wasted. Also in the United States, single parents are becoming increasingly more common so they have to take on the responsibilities of cleaning, working, taking care of their children and often do not ave personal time, let alone time to cook everyday and that is were fast food becomes appealing because of it’s convenience to the average person living a fast pace lifestyle or as one might say living the “American dream. The United States and Colombia have many cultural differences that create their identity. The way of life in both countries correlates with how they cultivate and eat their meals on a daily basis. Both countries contribute positive and negative factors to their society that affects which foods they eat and is a reflection of how the country functions.

Mt. Gerabaldi college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Sydnie Fugate Period 4 Mt. Garibaldi Mount Garibaldi is a potentially active stratovolcano in the Sea to Sky County of British Columbia, 50m’ north of Vancouver, Canada. This volcano is located in the southernmost Coast Mountains. Also one of the most recognized peaks in the South Coast region, as well as British Columbia’s best known volcano. It lies within the Garibaldi Ranges of the Pacific Ranges. Mount Garibaldi takes up the southwest corner of Garibaldi Provincial Park overlooking the town of Squamish. It is the only volcano in North America known to have been formed upon a glacier. It is not considered part of the Cascade Range.

The height of Mount Garibaldi is 8,796′ (2,678m). If Mount Garibaldi were to erupt, the town of whistler and Squamish would be in danger, but it hasn’t erupted in a very long time. The last eruption was in 8051 BC. Mount Garibaldi began erupting about 250,000 years ago and has grown steadily since then. Like most of the Cascade volcanoes, it has its own origins in the Cascadia subduction zone; a long convergent plate boundary that stretches from mid- Vancouver Island to Northern California. The first European to see the mountain in 792, Captain George Vancouver, traded with the local natives in the area.

When skiing became popular in the 1940s, Vancouver skiers began to search the glaciers and rugged mountains within the park. Eventually in the year of 1944, a club of skiers completed the first ever ski of Mt. Garibaldi. Mount Garibaldi contains three main named peaks. The highest of course is the mountain itself, the second highest is Atwell Peak at the southern edge of the summit plateau, and the lowest of the three is the rounder Dalton Dome west of the highest summit. Two glaciers lie right below the east side of Atwell Peak. Straight north from

Atwell toward the mountain lays a small, high-elevation ice cap called the Cheekye Glacier. (Cheekye River) The steep northern edge of The Barrier in the Garibaldi area has partly collapsed several times. The most recent collapse was in 1855-56. Due to the collapse, a large boulder field was formed below it. In case of future collapsing of the mountain, the human activity. What makes this mountain so interesting is that Mount Garibaldi is associated with a group of small volcanoes that form the Garibaldi Lake volcanic field, (an area of the Earth’s crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity. ) *Map of Mt. Garibaldi*

Sentence and Following Generalizations cbest essay help: cbest essay help

Suzanne Britt believes that neat people are lazy, mean, petty, callous, wasteful, and insensitive. ” How would you respond to this statement? 2. Is the author’s main purpose to make fun of neat people, to assess the habits of neat and sloppy people, to help neat and sloppy people get along better, to defend sloppy people, to amuse and entertain, or to prove that neat people are morally inferior to sloppy people? Discuss. 3. What is meant by “as always” in the sentence “The distinction is, as always, moral” (Para. 1)?

Does the author seem to be suggesting that any and all distinctions between people are moral? 1 . What is the general tone of this essay? What words and phrases help you determine that tone? 2. Britt mentions no similarities between neat and sloppy people. Does that mean this is not a good comparison and contrast essay? Why might a writer deliberately focus on differences and give very little or no time to similarities?

Catcher in the Rye Duck Symbolism admission college essay help: admission college essay help

In J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, many symbols are employed. One of these symbols is the ducks in the Central Park lagoon, which represent many important virtues in the novel. These virtues are seen in the main character, Holden, a misunderstood kid who is angry at the world. However, the ducks demonstrate some of Holden’s better traits: his inclination to learn more about the world and his adoration of childhood. The symbolism of the ducks is developed in many ways. Salinger introduces that the ducks are significant by showing Holden’s further curiosity in them.

During the novel he asks his first cab driver if he “happen[s] to know where they go, the ducks, when it gets all frozen over? Do you happen to know, by any chance? ” (60). This same curiosity trails him later in the book when he questions a second cab driver. Later on, Salinger associates the ducks determination to overcome the adverse environment with Holden’s understanding of his own situation. Much like Holden’s life, the environment the ducks live in is constantly changing and they have to learn to adapt to their new environment relatively quickly.

However, a more key point in the novel is when Salinger displays Holden’s emotions. He arrives drunk at the park to find to his dismay that the ducks are not there. As a result, he sits there pondering suicide, mainly because of the influence they have on him. With his sudden awareness of the fragility of life by his brother, Allie’s death: He is very scared of change and disappearance. Thus, Salinger introduces how the ducks are symbolic in another way.. The ducks display the idea that some vanishings are only temporary.

In addition, they symbolize that change is recurring, not permanent. This is proven when the ducks disappear every winter yet return to the same place every spring. This thought arouses Holden’s curiosity once again about where the ducks actually go during winter. Salinger contrasts his depressed and angry depiction with a sincere, more childlike side to his character. This connects to the ducks because Holden shows care towards the ducks, where in contrast, he pays little attention to many things in the story.

This is a very notable moment in the story since Holden evidently has very little ambition in many other aspects of his life. In addition to the strong comparison between the lives of Holden and the ducks, they also represent his relationship with his family. His fear is that he may be unable to ssimilate smoothly back into his family. This is embodied in Holden’s communication with his sister Phoebe, and the way he writes about her. Along with this Salinger highlights Holden’s curiosity once again, nonetheless, this time it is more anxiety than curiosity.

Holden asks, “Well, you know the ducks that swim around in it? In the springtime and all? Do you happen to know where they go in the wintertime, by any chance? ” (81-82). Salinger uses diction to characterize Holden’s worry moreover, when his parents discover his expulsion from Pency Prep. All of this symbolism is very effective in representing Salinger’s themes in the novel. They provide us with good examples of a struggling kid and his unique dependence on something that would otherwise be meaningless.

The ducks situation with their struggle to survive the harsh environment, having to leave for winter, correlates with Holden’s own internal idea that although things might not always be better, he will be better. Salinger’s ability to incorporate so many symbols in the novel creates a very clear main theme. He uses the idea that some vanishings are only temporary, much like the ducks when they leave for winter. This is to contrast that innocence is such a pure and significant art of life that only exists temporarily. This relates to Holden’s curiosity throughout the novel.

A Midsummers Night Dream Analysis essay help writing: essay help writing

Elizabeth l, is given a positive critique by the playwright evident throughout the text. Beginning the in the first act gender roles are defined by Thesues, Duke of Athens. As the play unravels it becomes evident that Hermia has no interest in wedding with her arraigned suitor, Demetrius. When Egeus complains to the Duke of Athens about his daughters reluctance to obey, the Duke responds: What say you, Hermia? Be advised fair maid. To you your father should be as a god, One that composed your beauties, yea, and one To whom you are but as a form in wax By him imprinted, and within his power

To leave the figure or disfigure it. (1. 1. 46-51). This excerpt shows that women lack power and are the possessions of their fathers. Hermia must obey her father and refrain from relishing out against him. In Hermia’s case she has far too much courage to obey her fathers orders. Hermia’s strength is shown yet again in act one she inquires into the consequences of not listening to her father. Theseus states, “either to die the death, or to abjure for ever the society of men” (1. 1. 65-66). Hermia must listen to these orders or suffer the consequences of death or permanent chastity.

Despite these consequences, Hermia protests: So I will grow, so live, so die, my lord Ere I will yield my virgin patent up Unto his lordship whose unwished yoke My soul consents not to give sovereignty (1. 1. 79-82). Hermia would rather wilt away then give her virginity to someone she does not love. Later, in a conversation between Hermia and her love Lysander she expresses her willingness to flea Athens in pursuit of love: I swear to thee by Cupid’s strongest bow. By his best arrow with the golden head… By all the vows that ever men have broke In number more than ever women spoke

In that same place thou hast appointed me Tomorrow truly will I meet with thee (1. 1 . 169-178) an effort to be with her preferred partner. While some may contest this excerpt shows her being submissive to Lysander, Hermia still shows valor, a trait Helena clearly lacked. Despite Hermia and Helena being friends since their youth, their character complexes are vastly distinct in that Helena is far more submissive and representative of the gender roles of the late 16th century than the fearless Hermia. Helena displays desperation for Demestrius in addition to her submissiveness in the following passage:

I am your spaniel, and Demetrius, The more you beat me I will fawn on you. Use me but as your spaniel: spurn me, strike me, Neglect me, lose me; only give me leave, Unworthy as I am, to follow you. (2. 1. 203-207) This passage shows Helena begging for Demetrius to love her in return. Helena has no self worth or confidence as she refers to herself as a dog or treat her in any way that Demetrius would like and she would not have a problem with anything, for she is completely submissive to him. Later in the act, Helena states: Your wrongs do set a scandal on my sex We cannot fght for love as men may do

We should be wooed, and were not made to woo (2. 1. 24(:)-243) This passage shows Helena speaking to Lysander in a submissive tone stating that women cannot fight for love the way men do and that women were not made to pursue. The passage is a clearly admission of sub-ordinance in regards to women being less than men, at least in Helena’s eyes. In reference to Elizabeth I the sovereign during the time the play was first written and performed. Shakespeare provides a positive critique when Oberon says the following to Titania: That very time I saw, but thou couldst not, Flying between the cold moon and the earth,

Cupid, all armed. A certain aim he took At a fair vestal throned by the west, And loosed his love-shaft smartly from his bow As it should pierce a hundred thousand hearts. But I might see young Cupid’s fiery shaft Quenched in the chaste beams of the wat’ry moon, And the imperial vot’ress passed on, In maiden meditation, fancy-free. (2. 1. 155-163) Here Oberon is speaking to Titania but it can be reasoned that Shakespeare is alluding to Queen Elizabeth l. He protests her as a strong woman that won’t succumb to cupid’s arrow. Oberon praises her devotion to the throne and chastity. Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I because it shows a woman acting autonomously and not under the control ofa man. A Midsummer Night’s Dream is rich in contextual overview of the times in 16th century England. A female monarch ruled at a time when women were legally bound to obedience and their marriages were predetermined. Shakespeare showed however that women could be Just as brave as men or incredibly submissive, which was shown through Hermia and Helena. While some women at the time succumbed to the belief that they were to become wives and mothers, others chose to act autonomously such as Elizabeth I, who Shakespeare honored in the play.

Allegory of the cave narrative essay help: narrative essay help

How would it feel to be chained down in one room in one place without being able to move the head and all you can see is a wall? Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think and speak without any awareness of his realm of forms. His “Allegory of the cave” explains this in details. Allegory is referred to as a figure of language which can be expressed in pictures, sculptures, or any other form of art. In the allegory, Plato likens people untutored in the theory of forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads.

All they can see is the wall and behind them burns a fire. Between the fire and the prisoners, who are chained down, there is a parapet, along which puppeteers can walk. The puppeteers, who are behind the prisoners, hold up puppets that cast shadows on the wall of the cave. The prisoners cannot see or hear these puppets, the real objects that pass behind them. All they see and hear are shadows and echoes cast by objects that they cannot see. All the prisoners would think, what they see on the wall is a reality. They do not know nything about the outside world.

Being tied down at one place without being able to move your head is no Joke. It is hardest thing to do for any human being. These prisoners have stayed that way for their whole life. I cannot even imagine myself being one of them. All you are seeing on the wall are shadows. Plato asked to consider what would happen if the prisoner was released from their chain and set free. That prisoner would be forced to have to stand up, walk upright, and walk with his eyes directed towards the light. All these movements would be painful to said prisoner.

The prisoner would also be dazzled by all that existed in this “outside world” to notice what objects had been making the illusions and shadows all along. If someone told him that what he had formerly had seen was a meaningless illusion and was actually now nearer to reality then before, it would be extremely difficult for the prisoner to believe. If someone actually showed him the various objects being carried and told what each of them was, the prisoner would be perplexed and would robably believe that most of the objects shown to him were not real and what he formerly saw was.

What would happen if the prisoner had to look at the firelight itself? According to Plato, the prisoner’s eyes would ache and he would try to escape to the things he could see clearly. The prisoner would then be convinced that they were clearer than those other objects being shown to him. The prisoner would have to get familiar with objects before he could see things in the “upper world. ” It would be easier to start with small, viewing things such as shadows and reflections before e viewed more difficult images such as that of sky, the light of the moon, and the stars.

Then, prisoner can move onto view the sun and consider its existence. Getting out of the cave after living your whole life tied down to one place would be very tough and see the real world. What they saw on the wall is what they believed. Now getting out and seeing real things would be hard to believe. Their reality was the shadows they saw on the wall. I cannot imagine anyone I know or myself living the life that the prisoners have lived. “Allegory of the cave” By maipate191

English Notes college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles

An ellipsis is a series of three dots, used to create a pause in thinking or, when quoting, to omit information. The deliberate omission of a word or words readily implied by context. Examples: The man looked above … all he could see were three black silhouettes against the bright blue sky. When the man looked above he couldn’t quite believe what he … In the anime world, Naruto is a hero; Goku, a legend. saw . Enjambment (poetic element): Enjambment is the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses.

It is to be ontrasted with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line, and caesura, in which the linguistic unit ends mid-line. ‘Don’t Ask Me, Love, For That First Love’ shows enjambment in its various strengths; the second line, ending at the same time as the sentence, is completely end-stopped I am not prone to weeping, as our sex Commonly are; they want of which vain dew Perchance shall dry your pities; but I have That honorable grief lodged here which burns Worse than tears drown.

Meaning flows as the lines progress, and the reader’s eye is forced to go on to the next sentence. It can also make the reader feel uncomfortable or the poem feel like “flow-of-thought” with a sensation of urgency or disorder. Epigram: The Epigram is expressed in various ways: A. In the Epigrammatic style. It now refers to a style marked by point and brevity. It does not necessarily involve contrast. B. Emphatic assertion. “What I have written, I have written. ” C. Indirect or concealed statement. A kind of mingling of literal and figurative. D. Punning E.

Paradox “Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and often convincing. ” (Oscar Wilde) “No one is completely unhappy at the failure of his best friend. (Groucho Marx) successive clauses. Also known as epiphora. Contrast with anaphora (rhetoric). When I was a child, I spoke as a child; I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. “Then I’ll be all aroun’ in the dark. I’ll be ever’where – wherever you look. Wherever they’s a fght so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Wherever they’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there…..

An’ when our folk eat the stuff they raise an’ live in the houses they build – why, I’ll be there” – John Steinbeck Euphemism: The substitution of an inoffensive term (such as “passed away”) for one onsidered offensively explicit (“died”). Contrast with dysphemism. Adjective “The economic classification recession was actually invented in 1937 when the economy was back in the toilet but FDR didn’t want to call it a depression. And the description depression first surfaced during the Hoover administration, a substitute for a more vivid but disconcerting term of art: panic. Dan Foreman: Guys, I feel very terrible about what I’m about to say. But I’m afraid you’re both being let go. Lou: Let go? What does that mean? Dan Foreman: It means you’re being fired, Louie. Figurative Language: Whenever you describe something by comparing it with omething else, you are using fgurative language. Examples: Similes, metaphor, personification, alliteration Busy as a bee- Simile My teddy bear gave me a big warm hug! – Personification Hyperbole Overstatement: A figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement. A contrast with understatement.

Examples: “l was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far. ” (Mark Twain, “Old Times on the Mississippi”) “l bent over and took hold of the room with both hands and spun it. When I had it nicely spinning I gave it a full swing and hit myself on the back of the head with the floor. ” with which it is closely associated (such as “crown” for “royalty”). Metonymy is also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it, as in describing someone’s clothing to characterize the individual. In a corner, a cluster of lab coats made lunch plans. ” (Karen Green, Bough Down. Siglio, 2013) “Fear gives wings. ” (Romanian proverb) Motif: A motif is something that has symbolic importance to a story. Often times this object or idea is brought up several times in a book. Examples: In Death of a Salesman, a play by Arthur Miller, the constant talk about Alaska and path less traveled by the protagonist Willy Loman, is about how his father found success in Alaska while he stayed in Brooklyn. In Catcher in the Rye, by the late J. D.

Salinger, would be the fact that the protagonist Holden Caulfield is searching for a partner in life, as he lives alone. The fact that he is alone is brought up time and time again in the book, when he calls former girls he knew, or talks to classmates that he did not like, but Just needed to talk to. His loneliness is a driving force inside the book to examine his separation of himself and he world. Onomatopoeia : The use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Examples: “Chug, chug, chug. Puff, puff, puff. Ding-dong, ding-dong.

A Better Optician for Better Service and for a Better Future gp essay help: gp essay help

It will help s getting used to the working the environment in the future. What do the opticians do? “Opticians are health professionals trained to supply, prepare and dispense optical appliances, interpret prescriptions prepared by ophthalmologists and optometrist, and fit, adjust and adapt optical appliances” (College of Opticians of Ontario). ln other words, the optician can provide, fit and adjust contact lenses and eye glasses who has abnormal vision. In Ontario, required opticians to complete formal training and education in opticianary and then must pass competency exam prior to receive license.

And the opticians are regulated and registered by the College of Opticians of Ontario(COO). Also the college has a responsibility under the opticians act, 1991 and governed under the regulated health professions act, 1991. The college serves and protects the public interest and association protects and serves the opticians. As we know, opticians may work in any variety of environments such as joint practice, hospitals, manufactures, lab eye care centers, optometrist or ophthalmologist clinic and even own the retail store.

Our duty Talking about the duty and responsibility, opticians have many of duties to the ood service, tell clients what it is the procedure we are going to do, ask for the client’s consent before we do and don’t assume they can or can’t afford the money and always present more than one lens and material to meet the patient needs. Being a member of profession also means that opticians have a duty to be polite and work with fellow practitioners like optometrist and ophthalmologist to serve the better way for patients and remember don’t prescribe the prescription, disease and treatment for patients.

All of us need to do is trying to coordinate and cooperate with ptometrist and ophthalmologist and care of patients whenever possible. The code of ethics Furthermore, the code of ethics include being honest at all time, respecting the confidentiality of clients and allowing patient to make informed choices as to their health care. This is the minimum goal and ideals opticians must do to avoid discipline. And also we should be following professional standards which to practice safely, effectively and professionally. Be care of making mistake on professional misconduct, incompetence and incapacity.

Having an adequate knowledge, skill and udgment, using the proper tools and machines to measure the eyeglasses or contact lenses and good communication with clients make sure we did the right Judgment and assessment for them. It is the better way to provide the suitable frame, lenses and service. Standards of Practice Every college has their scope of practice, it is called SOP. There have six steps for the standards: “Standard 1 : Competence, Standard 2: Professional Conduct, Standard 3: Fitting of Appropriate Optical Devices, Standard 4: Safety and the Practice Environment, Standard 5: Infection Control, Standard 6: Records” (College of

Opticians of Ontario). Standard 1 :Competence Every optician has responsible for maintain the competence. Each one should have sufficient education and experience to perform competently and safely. Nevertheless graduated from school and got the license, that need to through the continuing education every year to maintain and enhance knowledge and learn more information. The optician will assist patients to find the necessary professional help and determinate that appropriate solution. Standard 2:Professional Conduct “The optician shall meet the ethical and legal requirement of professional practice. College of Opticians of Ontario). We should play the rules in accordance with Regulated Health Profession Act, 1991 ,the Opticianry Act, 1991, Human Right Code and regulations, by laws and standards of practice of the college of Opticians of Ontario. Standard 3:The optician should fit , prepare and dispense appropriate patient evaluation, lens details and tools. Patient evaluation includes the prescription that must contain the name of doctor, patient’s name, patient’s prescription and the date of examination.

The optician must have a duplication in the patient’s file and retain at least six years. Also optician must inform their patients that have eye tested regularly. Optician should know well about the lens and choose the proper tools to fit the eyeglasses or contact lens and maintain them in good working and standard condition. Standard 4:Each optician to ensure that practice site be equipped and maintained. Every procedure are in the place and assure health and safety environment for both patients and staff.

The god of small things Book review essay help 123: essay help 123

The God of Small Things: Book Review The God of Small Things is a heart-rending story about the Indian fraternal twins, Rahil and Estha, who learn that their whole world can change in a day. It is a story about love ” namely, the “laws of love. ” Estha and Rahel along with their Ammu (mother) live in their maternal grandparents’ house in Ayemenem following Ammu’s divorce. Ammu works in the familys pickle factory in spite of which she and her kids are denied any rights, let alone love, by her Oxford returned brother Chacko who onsiders them nothing less than millstones around his neck.

The story goes further when Chacko’s ex-wife Margaret brings their daughter Sophie to Ayemenem on a visit from London. The ill-fated visit ends in the demise of Sophie for which Estha and Rahel have to pay a heavy price. The kids are the victims as they are snatched of their childhood, their happiness sought in small things. The story reveals historys cruel way of taking revenge at people who break the Love Laws. Arundhati Roy is gifted in the art of language. The book has its own unique language with rhythmical analogies o every situation that is a completely lyrical experience until the last page.

Shifts in different places and times create suspense and keep readers attracted. The text is very poetic and descriptive. Roy mainly uses foreshadowing to tell her story. The reader knows ” to an extent ” what happened from the beginning of the story. The details are unknown, but it is safe to assume there will be unfortunate events. That is what is special about her writing style. The rest of the novel is the story unfolding through the eyes of a child. Roy also repeats various parts that may be confusing, in a ifferent manner later in the book.

A few points in politics are included in the novel, but the main focus is on the Love Laws, which indicate who can love whom. The story speaks of castes in India, which are “ranks” of civilians, where only members of the same caste can love each other. If the Love Laws are disobeyed, there will be consequences. The poetic quality of the novel should be appraised. Certain phrases, sentences or paragraphs were written in a rhythm, unlike most other novels. The storyline is very dark, showing the suffering in the lower castes of India.

The nnocent are often blamed and they are easily punished from an accusation of the higher class. The population in the lower castes seems hopeless; they will never be able to climb the ladder in society. In the novel, a low-class servant was beat to death by the police after being falsely accused of murder. The story is told from Estha’s point of view and can be intended for any audience. Estha talks about the story as an adult who has reunited with his twin. The story frequently changes the time to Estha’s childhood, where he recalls exactly what had happened.

However, it an be slightly confusing due to the usage of phrases and terms of another language. I did not find the storyline to be very fascinating, but I do appreciate her writing style. Although this was her only novel, she demonstrated how to write great literature. The reader will be able to follow the pace easily, and will soon realize the have already sensed that the twins will separate and their family will have terrible misfortune without reading half way into the novel. Although The God of Small Things is not one of my favourites, I still recommend this book because her writing tyle deserves to be praised.

Life is not always tied neatly in a bow, but some people do adapt and flourish despite the many dilemmas. These become life experiences that are truly endless and unforgettable. Betrayal, endurance, and sacrifice are concepts that humans deal with on a daily basis. It is not random chance that people develop qualities of confidence, motivation, and endurance; it is merely due to what one faces. In the novel, And the Mountains Echoed, Khalid Hosseini, represents a different character’s perspective nd story which provides a connection with the others by the idea of how difficult it is to make decisions and how they can impact one’s life.

These pieces, representing the story of each character, of the whole puzzle are the echoes of an old story during the pre-Soviet era. The experiences of many central characters bring them to self- awareness and personal enlightenment based on the betrayal that the figures face as the onset of tragedy, the endurance to survive from the situation, and the difficult choices of sacrifice that they make in order to protect their loved ones.

I’ll Follow you into the dark college essay help: college essay help

I’ll Follow You Into the Dark – Extra Credit When I was in third grade I remember my teacher, Mrs. Cindy telling us that by the end of the week she would be choosing someone to be a line leader. I was extremely excited, to me being a leader would be such an honor, and Just the word itself sparked a sense of want and all the pleasant words I had then associated with “leader” floated around in my mind like courage, integrity, passion and sincerity. I wanted to be a leader.

At that time I had no specific reason as to why; I had Just been taught that being a leader was a good thing, not Just by my parents but also through ocialization and society. However now my mindset is not that of a third grader and words have completely changed their meaning, like leader, I do not want to be a leader anymore. There seems to be more leaders out there with bad intentions than pure ones and each leader we have had and currently have, fall into one of the following categories.

There are leaders only in it for profit, for the glory and power, and then finally, to guide people in a right path. Human Geographers believe that Africa was meant to be the richest continent in the world because of its bundance in high value resources however Africa is a third world country and that is mainly because of the corrupt leaders it has had in the past and now. For example, Laurent Gabagbo, the former president of the Ivory Coast, he was involved with swindling money from his people and many human rights violation.

When the democratic nation tried to kick him out, it was almost impossible because he had so much wealth and support from other wealthy and powerful people, letting the common man suffer under is rule. Money really is the root of all evil, it brings out the orst and inhumane in people and I am sure we can all find an example of a selfish, greedy leader in every country right now. Why do you think revolutions sparked and spread so quickly in the Arab springs last year? Greed- people were left starving in Egypt while the president had a penthouse in France, which reminds, do you guys remember Marie Antoinette and Louis WI?

They had lavish parties and lived a luxurious and high life while their people were starving on the streets and dying every day. We need leaders, rulers and president who would be willing to work and ead and guide nations for free, with no monetary profit, who would be good leaders just because it is the right thing to do. The HBO show the “Game of Thrones” is an extremely popular period-themes show that I even watch it myself presents multiple dynamic types of leaders to its audience.

Many people including me like it because of all the politics involved, even though it is set in medieval times the political scene very much parallels ours showing us that reasons why people want to be leaders have and will always be the same. In the show one of the bad people fghting for the throne was asked why he anted to lead the seven kingdoms he simple said for Legacy. He said that the fame and glory and honor was all he wanted, not the riches, because when you die so do the riches, but the glory and power associated with your name lives on.

The man also had a son in which he passed down his beliefs to but the son had exaggerated the and leaders are the most dangerous because no amount of power will ever be enough for them. You have seen this in the pas with empires, for example, the great Mughal Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Roman Empire, they kept expanding anting to be bigger and more powerful. They got a high from being on top and telling others what to do; it even amazes and excites them when people do anything for them at the snap of a finger.

To be honest we all want that, we all want some power over someone or something (like a mother wanting power over her children) but to some degree, there is a fine line and when leaders dramatically pass it, oppression is inevitable. Only a fool would think that there are no bad people in this world or bad leaders like the ones I provided you with above but an even greater fool would think there re no good leaders or good in this world. Because there are some people who are born leaders, who want to help and lead people in the right path, who want to use their skills and knowledge to enlighten and guide people.

Martin Luther King Jr. was one for example; he led a strong civil rights movement which gave many African Americans a voice, hope and rights in a time when they were being horribly discriminated against. Or Akbar the Great, the first Muslim emperor who taught his people the purity and righteousness in religious tolerance towards the Hindus and ll other people of different backgrounds; and finally, Nelson Mandela, a persevering leader who ended the apartheid in South Africa.

I truly believe that people are initially born good, with pure and clean hearts, so I believe there are more kind- hearted and rightful leaders than corrupt ones; it is Just a matter of supporting the good ones and kicking out the bad. We all have a choice and we all have a voice. I am not the same girl I used to be when I was in third grade but who I am in the core is the same, I still see the good in being a leader and leader but I am Just not as naive as I was before.

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