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Animals – The Cow and the Dog


Part 1

Question #1: Animals – The Cow and the Dog

            Human-animal relations revolving around the phenomenon of animal domestication is a critical issue addressed in such works as A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett and To Build a Fire by Jack London. Firstly, Jewett in A White Heron exquisitely highlights the sociable connect between a rural human family and the cow in what appears to be a symbiotic rather than an entirely parasitic relationship. Jewett elucidates that link through the human character named Sylvia who is said to have always tended to the cow and even played with it as an equal companion (Jewett 413). That is made manifest in the author’s observation that Sylvia compensated for the lack of playmates by attempting to play hide and seek with the cow beside the cow’s productive milk and ghee, providing food for the rural family. Concomitant with this, the man in To Build a Fire comes across “the proper wolf dog” (London 630), which appears to be interested in him despite his indifference and lack of concern for it. The man appears to be unconcerned and even whip the dog though later, he learns to befriend the already-friendly creature, which puzzled by the man’s new-found hospitality behaves strangely in a way that reveals a lack of trust in the man. However, in either case, both the dog and the cow come out as meaningful companions of man. Either story reveals how humans and animals mutually depend on each other for survival.

Question #3: Love and Marriage as Manifest in American Literature

            The issue is examined from the perspective of William Dean Howells’s Editha and

Kate Chopin’s Desiree’s Baby. In Editha, it becomes manifest that Editha’s and George Gearson’s courtship was contemporaneous or coincided with the period when America was ripe for the War that was to open it up for liberty. Reference to such terms as “dearest,” when talking to the other point to a love affair with deeply-embedded intimacy as is evinced in the content of Editha’s letter, which though had a condition therein, denoted a promise that Editha will always love George and would thus never consider getting to anyone else (Howell 310). Concurrent with Howell’s work is Chopin’s Désirée Baby, which reveals a love and marriage affair between Désiréeand Armand Aubigny. However, it appears that Aubigny’s imperious nature was deeply-ingrained in a racist ideology-an issue that is known to constrains many love and marriage affairs in contemporary American society. The writer even pinpoints that Aubigny “no longer loved her” due to an unconscious injury she had brought upon him (Chopin 424). The marriage affair eventually collapses when Aubigny’s racial hate for a black Désiréecompels Désiréeto leave their home forcefully. Nonetheless, it was right for Aubigny to mention he was no comfortable with a child and wife of a different race. Such transparency is akin to good relations.

Question #4: Children and attendant themes in selected American Literature

            Selected literary works in this purview are Chopin’s Désirée’s Baby and Henry James’s Daisy Miller. While Désirée’schild comes out as a sympathetic case pitting a young innocent child whose father develops a sudden dislike for by virtue of the child not being white (Chopin 424), Randolph comes out as a child accustomed to an American culture of ‘liberty’ whose limits he surpasses as is made vivid in his first acquaintance with Winterbourne (James 329). However, the underlying themes in the stories differ since Randolph’s case is themed around the American culture whereas Désirée’schild revolves around racial segregation of minorities.

Question #5: Food and Circumstances under which it is taken

            The literary works captured under this section are James’s Daisy Miller and Howell’s Editha. In the first case, the food involved was a lump of sugar, and the food was issued to Randolph by Winterbourne as a substitute for the American candy (James 329). The theme surrounding the circumstance revolves around the American dream or American culture. On the other hand, Editha shared lemonade with her lover, George as a way of encouraging a talk over the subject of America’s involvement in a “sacred war” (Howell 309). Similarities in the circumstances manifest in the fact that meals were shared in circumstances that called for the glorification of the American dream.

Question #6: Characters who die during the story

            The two literary works in, which the death of the main character comes into play amid the story is James’s Daisy Miller and Chopin’s Désirée’s Baby. However, similarities abound in that in either case; reckless upbringing is arguably the potential reason leading to their death. While Desiree’s baby died due to neglect and a lack of attention especially from the father who seemingly hated the baby due to racial bias (Chopin 423), Miss Miller’s sudden death arguably emanated from her mother’s inherent entertainment of unchecked liberty whose unregulated proportions eventually landed Miss Miller to an early grave (James 365).

Part 2

Question #2

            The concept of the American Dream is a pertinent issue or value with a special niche in American literature. However, various literary works wield varied interpretations of the term following the fact that the American Dream has mostly been misinterpreted and therefore not proceeded as originally intended as per the dreams and aspirations of the founding fathers of the great nation. Pertinent literary works centred on this theme include William Dean Howell’s Editha, Henry James’s Daisy Miller and W.E.B Du Bois’s From Souls of Black Folks.

            To begin with is Henry James’s Daisy Miller, which is a bee-hive of issues critical to the American dream. The first character exuding a lot of the characteristics is the young Randolph who appears to be outgoing, a go-getter and ever-on the quest to attain satisfaction out of life despite his young age. Such attributes are manifest at the time he encounters Winterbourne. A noted instance in, which that came into play is when her sister asked where he had taken the pole from only for the young Randolph to explain that he had bought it and would be travelling with it to Italy (James 332). Daisy Miller’s sociability is another embodiment of the American Dream revolving around the freedom of association, which the young Daisy mistakenly misuses.

            It also manifests that the young Randolph was resolute and surreal in many ways that it was hard for both his sister and mother to tame him. That is exhibited when Miss Miller explained to Winterbourne that despite her mother’s attempt of trying to get Randolph a teacher to be teaching her while in their frequent travels, the young Randolph was not of that opinion and therefore, the parent could not enforce her will upon her (James 332). Randolph’s mother tendency to allow the kids freedom to engage in whatever they saw fit is a liberal inclination that is an embodiment of the American dream. However, the unchecked freedom served to the detriment of her daughter, Daisy Miller whose mother-licensed freedom went too far and eventually led to her sudden death in contrast with the goals of the American dream.

            Young Randolph’s tendency of regarding everything that is American also seems to have coincided with Winterbourne who at one point mentioned to Miss Miller that he had come across Germans who tried to speak like Americans but that he does not remember seeing an American trying to imitate a German (James 331). Such sentiments resonated well with Randolph’s reference to his father as being not in Europe whose climate he accused of causing his teeth to pull out frequently. However, in Du Bois’ From the Souls of Black Folks, Du Bois issues a rallying cry that the struggle of black Americans is a struggle for the self-consciousness-a concept, which seems to marry with the American dream and its resolve to promote liberty for all people (Du Bois 535).

            In underscoring America’s good qualities, Du Bois argues that his advocacy for a unified black identity was not meant to Africanize America since America has too many lessons to offer the world, thus revealing his belief in the American dream where the nation’s greatness comes before every other thing (Du Bois 537). However, in advocating for the expansion of the democratic space for African Americans, through his argument that the Negros would not alter or bleach their skin but would call for equal rights and privileges, Du Bois is simply calling for the reinforcement of the inclusion enshrined in the American Dream (Du Bois 536). That is why Du Bois contends that the Blackman seeks to be regarded as an equal co-worker and be allowed the freedom to exercise their talents and latent genius freely.

            Elsewhere, Howell’s Editha, reveals a simmering urge to rally her lover, Mr. George, behind the cause of what she refers to as the “sacred war” (Howell 309). Their discussion regarding the war happens to be revolving around a liberalist ideology, which resonates well with ideas of the American Dream. That is why Editha referred to the war as a necessary one, as a war for “humanity,” hence the sacred war. Editha who happens to be for nothing else but the ‘just’ war goes to as far as placing his urge for love as second to her country’s. That is the probably the reason she writes a letter that puts it to George that although she will not marry anyone else because she loves him, the man she will marry must be the one whose first love is patriotically bestowed upon his country (Howell 316). From such observations, it follows that despite its ardent followers, the American Dream may not always take the cause for, which it was meant.

Word Count: 785

Works Cited

Chopin, Kate. “Desiree’s Baby” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 421-25.

Du Bois, W.E. B. “The Souls of Black Folks.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 533-38.

Howells, William Dean. “Editha.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 307-17.

James, Henry. “Daisy Miller: A Study.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 327-65.

Jewett, Sarah Orne. “A White Heron.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 413-19.

London, Jack. “To Build a Fire.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Nina Baym and Robert S. Levine, shorter 8th E.D., Vol. 2, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. pp. 628-39.

Read the article and list 3 main arguments presented in favor and against of genetically modified food.

In favor

Starving people mass in front of an African warehouse, desperate for food. Ignoring their pleas, a guard stands before the doors, behind which are hundreds of bags of corn. The doors are locked, and the food inside, donated by the United States, is slowly rotting. It’s been labeled “poison” by Zambian president Levy Mwanawasa, even as more than half the children in his country suffer from malnutrition. Disappointed and frustrated, the crowd eventually disperses, mumbling to one another, wondering if they will eat tonight or must wait yet again until tomorrow.

Welcome to the front lines of this century’s most important and controversial science, biotechnology. Why did Zambians go hungry in the midst of a drought-induced famine last year while millions of tons of food aid were allowed to go to waste? Because the corn was genetically modified. Scientists have added a gene to the corn’s genome, isolated from a naturally occurring soil bacterium called Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.), an organism that farmers have used for decades as an externally applied insecticide. The inserted gene allows the corn itself to produce a substance toxic to insects.

At the peak of the Zambian crisis last fall, as cargo ships bearing food were being turned back, Andrew Natsios, administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, skewered environmental groups for spreading fears about the dangers of genetically modified (GM) food. “They can play these games with Europeans, who have full stomachs,” Natsios told The Washington Times, “but it is revolting and despicable to see them do so when the lives of Africans are at stake.”

“It is arrogant to tell the Zambians what food they must accept,” countered Doreen Stabinsky of Greenpeace. Activists argue that Washington could send money rather than in-kind aid, and accuse it of favoring the interests of the U.S. agriculture industry over the needs of malnourished people overseas. Meanwhile, the fear of GM foods appears to be spreading. In January, India rejected a $104 million U.S. food aid consignment of corn and soya and called for suppliers to submit documents attesting to the food’s bearing on human and animal health.

There are more than 800 million people in the world who are too undernourished to carry out the tasks of daily living. They’re caught in the ugly middle of this fight, as are the nonprofit relief agencies that aim to help them. “We’re not the
scientific arbiters of whether the food is safe or not,” said Helen Palmer of Oxfam. “We’re inclined to take a cautious approach, and we don’t think that the situation these governments have been put in is a fair one. On the other hand, people with no food have a right to food, and life must always be paramount, and if people on the ground are saying give us anything, then they should be given anything.”

In the United States, meanwhile, the food that the governments of Zambia and India find too dangerous to touch is consumed like, well, popcorn. Hundreds of millions of Americans eat GM food every day. Up to 75 percent of all food sold in U.S. supermarkets, from breakfast cereals to frozen pizza, contains ingredients (such as corn syrup) derived from GM plants. The products of the first wave of GM food research have been on your dinner plate since the mid-1990s, and a second wave of more sophisticated products—crops with multiply altered genes, genetically engineered fish and trees, and “biopharm” plants that yield drugs and chemicals rather than food—is nearing commercialization.

Developed in the 1980s, GM crops have been grown commercially in the United States since 1996. They include B.t. corn and cotton, and soybeans modified to withstand applications of the herbicide Roundup. In the five years after 1996, GM crop acreage grew from near zero to 130 million acres, an area nearly the size of Texas. GM crops are grown in 13 countries by about five million farmers. But the lion’s share of them (more than two-thirds) is grown in the United States.

Biotech companies are now on the cusp of commercializing the past decade’s worth of research. The technology’s advocates envision a cornucopia of benefits: increased yields, lower prices for food and other products, and reduced need for pesticides and herbicides. On the near horizon are crops engineered with multiple new genes, or more complex genes, to express multiple traits: a plant with novel genes that make it resistant to multiple herbicides; a B.t. crop that is also resistant to Roundup; plants with increased tolerance of frost, drought, and salt. Genetically altered animals are coming, too, designed to reproduce faster, grow larger, or make more milk. (“Weapons-grade salmon,” activists quip.)

Also in the pipeline are “nutraceuticals,” foods that have been genetically altered to supply critical micronutrients. Consumers in developed countries get many micronutrients—vitamins, iron, iodine—from foods that have been fortified during processing, such as milk, bread, and breakfast cereal. But in the developing world, with its poverty and decentralized food production and distribution systems, it’s not easy to fortify foods on a mass scale. By putting the micronutrients in the crop itself, GM foods could accomplish that task, proponents say. “Golden rice,” for example, containing Vitamin A, is touted as a solution to a vitamin deficiency that can cause blindness. The late D. Gale Johnson, a noted agricultural economist at the University of Chicago, has argued that in India alone, golden rice could spare perhaps 50,000 children a year the fate of lost sight. Poor farmers would reap other benefits from growing GM crops, Johnson said, and improved crop varieties better suited to local conditions would allow many farmers to stay on the land.

Viewed from another angle, however, the genetic revolution is cause mostly for foreboding. Environmental activists, organic farmers, and assorted others consider GM foods a product of science gone amok, a suspicious technology pushed on unsuspecting consumers by big corporations seeking to control the world’s food supply. And poor farmers, they argue, won’t be able to afford the high-tech seeds that are supposed to save them.

In Europe, where more traditional foodways prevail, there is strong resistance to GM foods. It’s been intensified by some spectacular failures of government oversight of food safety, notably the outbreak of mad cow disease in Britain in the mid-1990s. In 1998, the European Union imposed a highly controversial moratorium on the approval of new GM crops for sale within its borders. Critics blame the moratorium, along with Europe’s general hostility to the new technology, for persuading starving countries such as Zambia to turn away GM food aid. The countries are afraid that Europe will reject their agricultural exports as contaminated, or impose costly restrictions on them.

The moratorium has also become a major irritant in transatlantic relations. Washington sees it as unsupported by any real scientific evidence, a devious trade barrier that is illegal under international trade law. The ban has cost U.S. agricultural producers hundreds of millions of dollars annually. While the European Commission has moved to lift the moratorium, it’s also moving toward a requirement that GM foods be labeled and traceable, with a clear paper trail stretching from field to grocery store shelf. That’s unnecessary and virtually impossible to accomplish, says the Bush administration. Along with several other nations, the United States has begun proceedings against the EU with the World Trade Organization. Given the high stakes and the fact that few things arouse more intense emotions than the food we eat, there’s a distinct possibility that another major transatlantic blowup is in the works.

Last year, on a rainy Friday night in an old hotel along the Ohio River, Dan McGuire, director of the American Corn Growers Association, spelled out the sorry state of U.S. corn exports. “We estimate that the U.S. has lost about 400 million bushels of corn exports in total since GM corn varieties were introduced in 1995–96,” McGuire said, speaking in Louisville, Kentucky, at a public forum sponsored by the Genetic Engineering Action Network. (Prices paid to farmers fell as much as a dollar a bushel in 2002; corn now sells for less than $2.50 per bushel.) The crowd consists mainly of local farmers worried about their livelihood and activists adamantly opposed to GM-anything. McGuire himself is no fan of Big Ag, and, to loud applause, he criticizes the power of the large agricultural companies and their close links to the federal agencies that are responsible for regulating biotech crops and public food safety.

Despite shrinking exports of GM corn, American farmers don’t appear to be abandoning the crop, which, to varying degrees, saves money on pesticides, increases yields, and reduces fieldworkers’ exposure to unwelcome chemicals. A dual system—GM crops grown for the domestic market, non-GM crops for export—seems impractical, because it would be costly and probably ineffective. Pollen drifts from one field to another, and grains cling to machinery and get transferred to other fields.

There is little evidence that eating today’s GM foods is unhealthy, except in rare cases of allergenicity. Scientific panels sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences, the British Royal Society, the World Health Organization, and other reputable bodies, while emphasizing the need for careful research and oversight, have concluded that biotech crops are safe for both humans and the environment.

Still, there are lingering concerns about America’s food supply—about pesticides, an epidemic of obesity and diabetes, and growing corporate control over food that was once produced locally. “There are a lot of changes in the disease spectrum of the U.S. population within the last 10 years,” says Martha Crouch, “such as increases in certain kinds of cancers, in autism, in Parkinson’s disease—and an extreme increase in obesity.” Crouch is a plant molecular biologist, a former consultant to biotechnology corporations, and a retired University of Indiana professor who abandoned her research in dismay over the uses to which it was being put. “PCBs, dioxins, the effects of endrocine disruptors, attention deficit disorder, contaminated fish. There are lots of theories about foods that have been on the market for 30 or 40 years and may be having extremely serious health consequences, and it’s been difficult to link those foods to the health consequences because of how ubiquitous they are in the food stream and how little of that kind of testing was done when they were put on the market,” Crouch says. “And I consider our GM foods to be in that category—they could be having very widespread and serious consequences that we won’t know for 30 years.”

Critics also raise the possibility of gene transfer between GM and non-GM crops, a process that could have unpredictable results. Last August, scientists at the University of Lille in France discovered that their experimental GM sugar beets had swapped genes with other sugar beets, making the beet “weeds” potentially harder to control. The French scientists admitted they had underestimated the likelihood of such contamination.

But even though the biotech world is getting more difficult to police, the larger world can’t afford to turn its back on the vast potential GM foods offer. In the absence of scientific evidence showing that they are harmful, it’s a tragedy that, when readily available, they’ve been denied to desperately hungry people around the world.

Yet critics do raise important questions about this unprecedented experiment with the world’s food. Do scientists and governments know enough? Are regulatory agencies up to the task, and can their staffs keep up with the leapfrogging feats of academic and corporate scientists? Can policymakers resist the powerful commercial pressures to charge full speed ahead? For example, many trials of GM products in the regulatory process are kept confidential by government regulators. Such secrecy is typical in evaluations of commercial products, and there are often good reasons for it. But given the stakes involved in manipulating the genome, a higher level of transparency may well be justified. Biopharming—using genetically modified plants as a medium for creating drugs and chemicals—is an area of particular concern. Among the biopharm experiments now being discussed or attempted are spermicide-producing corn and tobacco plants that can be harvested and processed to yield the abortion-inducing compound trichosanthin or growth factors such as erythropoietin. “There are some 400 biopharm products in the pipeline,” says Bill Freese, a policy analyst with Friends of the Earth, “and over 300 open-air field trials have already been conducted in unidentified locations across the country.”

The Genetically Engineered Food Alert Campaign, a coalition of activist groups, has called for an end to open-air biopharming. Their demands grew louder last year after an incident in which a small quantity of biopharm corn engineered to include a vaccine against diarrhea in pigs came close to entering the food supply. In the wake of the incident, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration wrote new regulations to keep biopharm crops separate from crops bound for the food supply. And the Biotechnology Industry Organization, a trade association, announced a moratorium among its members on growing biopharm crops in major food-producing areas. Perhaps what’s needed in addition is a policy restricting biopharming to plants that are not used, even in their unaltered state, to produce foods that humans eat.

Many activists see the debate over GM foods in apocalyptic terms. Jessica Hayes, director of the Genetic Engineering Action Network, speaks of “a crisis in democracy.” The solid science behind the conclusion that GM foods are safe to eat does not justify such claims. Yet there are good reasons to be vigilant, to demand accountability, and to ask questions about the impact of these new technologies on farmers, consumers, and the worldwide agricultural system. At a time when millions still cry out for food, and when genetic technologies offer so many potential health and environmental benefits, the debate should be only beginning, not ending.
read the article and list 3 main arguments presented in favor and against of genetically modified food Assignment Help

165286 Assignment Help

Memorial Hospital

Read the “Memorial Hospital” case study in Chapter 4 of your text. In a three- to four-page paper, respond to the guided response below.

Discuss ways that a hospital might measure quality. Be sure to explain your reasoning. Explain the potential costs and failures of quality for Memorial Hospital and discuss how each can be measured. Discuss ideas or techniques from TQM that Janice could use to help Memorial focus on providing quality health care.

Analyze the methods Memorial could use to assess the quality of health care it is providing. Your paper should be in paragraph form (avoid the use of bullet points) and supported with the concepts outlined in your text and additional scholarly sources

Submit your three- to four-page paper (not including the title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center and must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

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take data that you collect and plot it out onto graphs to see a visual representation of the data. By simply looking at data on a graph, you can tell a lot about how related your observed data are and if they fit into a normal distribution.   Plot the data or calculate probabilities using excel.

How do you plot this and do the equations in ExceljQuery22405754226016666111_1531535420114??

  1.  The mean temperature for the month of July in Boston, Massachusetts is 73 degrees Fahrenheit. Plot the following data, which represent the observed mean temperature in Boston over the last 20 years: 1998  72, 1999 69, 2000 78, 2001 70, 2002 67, 2003 74 , 2004 73,  2005 65, 2006 77, 2007 71, 2008 75, 2009 68, 2010 72, 2011 77, 2012 65, 2013 79, 2014 77, 2015 78, 2016 72, 2017 74
  • Is this a normal distribution? Explain your reasoning.
  • What is an outlier? Are there any outliers in this distribution? Explain your reasoning fully.
  • Using the above data, what is the probability that the mean will be over 76 in any given July? 
  • Using the above data, what is the probability that the mean will be over 80 in any given July?

2.A heatwave is defined as 3 or more days in a row with a high temperature over 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Given the following high temperatures recorded over a period of 20 days, what is the probability that there will be a heatwave in the next 10 days?  How do you calculate the probability

  • Day 193, Day 288, Day 391, Day 486, Day 592, Day 691, Day 790,  Day 888, Day 985, Day 1091, Day 1184, Day 1286, Day 1385, Day 1490, Day 1592, Day 1689, Day 1788, Day 1890, Day 1988, Day 2090

165288 Assignment Help

If you were developing a marketing campaign for the Harley-Davidson Motorcycle Company, what group of consumers would you target? What if you were marketing an iPod? What about time-shares (vacation ownership opportunities) on the Gold Coast? For each of these products, identify at least five segmentation characteristics that you’d use in developing a profile for your customers. Explain the segmentation category into which each characteristic falls – demographic, geographic, behavioural, or psychographic. Where it’s appropriate, be sure to include at least one characteristic from each category.

165289 Assignment Help

Read the 3 short National Geographic articles on Ebola (indicated by the links below), and the Medical Geography systemic essay. You might also want to look at the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Information Packet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which is attached. Then answer the questions listed on the Health Geography assignment attachment.

1. According to the article Where does Ebola hide between epidemics? How is it expected that humans may have first contracted the Ebola virus?

2. What are the suspected reservoirs for the Ebola virus?

3. Knowing the reservoirs for a virus can help to determine its natural geographic range. Why do you think knowing the likely geographic range of a potentially deadly virus would be important?

4. How are non human primates (gorillas, monkeys) affected by the Ebola virus?

5. Why would knowing other species of animals that can contract and spread Ebola be important to controlling the spread of Ebola to humans?

6. According to the article Ebola in Uganda: Why can’t we cure it? Where does it hide? What are two possible reasons that no vaccine has been developed?

7. Given the information presented in these articles, does Ebola generally present as an endemic disease, an epidemic, or a pandemic?…………

Based on the company and its environment, including its internal control, the auditors assessed the risk of material misstatements to the financial Assignment Help

Based on the company and its environment, including its internal control, the auditors assessed the risk of material misstatements to the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and designed the nature, timing, and extent of further audit procedures to be performed. As a result of conducting the above risk assessment procedures, the audit program for year 2 includes the following changes from the audit program for year 1. The company has a calendar year end and operates only on weekdays. Based on the company and its environment, including its internal control, the auditors assessed the risk of material misstatements to the financial Assignment Help

165281 Assignment Help

07/16/18 Last Tutor got me an F because directions were not followed, so I’m paying a little more hoping to hire someone who is good with following directions and getting me an A paper. This is a 4 to 5 page paper! Pick an organization you are more familiar with, but if you can do it on a Nusing organization that is what I do as far as work goes!

HR Performance Issues and Motivation

The relationship between the organization and its members can be greatly influenced by what motivates individuals to work. The style of leadership, job design, resources on the job, and environment can all have a significant effect on the satisfaction of employees and their performance. Performance is also influenced by individual motivations (e.g., social, recognition, financial reward, personal growth and development, and/or intrinsic satisfaction) and can equally impact the organization. There are many theories that attempt to explain the nature of motivation. Write a four- to five-page paper (excluding the title and reference pages) evaluating the relationship between motivation, job satisfaction, and work performance. Be sure to address the following:

  1. Describe a performance issue which resulted from a motivational problem (what, why, who).
  2. Use a content theory of motivation (e.g., Maslow, Alderfer, Herzberg, or McClelland) or a process theory (i.e., Adams, Locke, or Heider and Kelley) to explain how the issue creates a performance problem for the organization.
  3. Use the theory of motivation you selected to describe an intervention/action to change the motivation/behavior and correct the performance problem.

Your paper must use a minimum of three scholarly sources, in addition to the textbook. Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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You have been asked by your manager to develop a request for proposal and to recommend a contract type that will be useful in meeting the requirements determined in your previous research of the companies various departmental needs for office cleaning by an outside contractor of departments who will use the service. Discuss the following:

  • List 3 specific tasks suppliers should perform and ask for a proposal.
  • Describe the criteria that will be used to determine the tasks are completed satisfactorily.
  • Develop a white paper that lists three types of contracts. For each type of contract, discuss the following.
    • Contract type
    • Description of contract type
    • When to use

Use library articles and, if appropriate, Internet resources to develop the white paper. Use APA formatting, proper grammar, and good punctuation. This paper will be read by several key executives in the company and you want to be as professional as possible.

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Broadening Your Perspective 5-1

Your answer is partially correct. Try again.  

Creative Ideas Company has decided to introduce a new product. The new product can be manufactured by either a capital-intensive method or a labor-intensive method. The manufacturing method will not affect the quality of the product. The estimated manufacturing costs by the two methods are as follows.

Capital-IntensiveLabor-IntensiveDirect materials$6per unit$6.50per unitDirect labor$7per unit$9.00per unitVariable overhead$3per unit$5.00per unitFixed manufacturing costs$2,877,000$1,767,000

Creative Ideas’ market research department has recommended an introductory unit sales price of $36. The incremental selling expenses are estimated to be $572,000 annually plus $2 for each unit sold, regardless of manufacturing method.

With the class divided into groups, answer the following.


Calculate the estimated break-even point in annual unit sales of the new product if Creative Ideas Company uses the: (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 5,275.)

(1)Capital-intensive manufacturing method.(2)Labor-intensive manufacturing method.

Capital-IntensiveLabor-IntensiveBreak-even point in units


Determine the annual unit sales volume at which Creative Ideas Company would be indifferent between the two manufacturing methods. (Round answer to 0 decimal places, e.g. 5,275.)

Annual unit sales volume


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I just need help with the formula for this:

Suppose Rove Corporation’s management takes actions that reduce the firm’s risk, and its required return falls to 15%. What would the new equilibrium value of the stock be?

Previous Question: Rove Corporation’s current dividend (D0) is $4 per share. The growth rate in dividends over the next three years is forecasted at 12%. After that, Rove’s growth rate is expected to equal the industry average of 5%. If the required return is 18%, what is the current value of the stock?

The final examination requires five short answers and one essay. It will appear on the opening date. You will answer questions on major trends and themes. You will also be asked about names of characters, settings, literary periods, and other such items. You will have choices, but I will sometimes specify that to answer a question, you must use a particular author. The test covers the entire semester, but the emphasis is on the Post World War II literature (1945 to the present). The attachment will appear the opening date. MLA style must be used for page numbers of quotations, and you will need a Works Cited page.
You will not reuse any papers from this class or any other, and you will not use any sources other than the modules and the textbook. You may not discuss the exam with other test takers.

Here is a model final. Note that the author organizes the essay with traits, and thus can display similarities easily. Final Model Lori Webb – Final Exam.docx
Let me know via email if you have any private questions.

Here is the Final.

Aml 3041 Final Fall 2018
I. Short Answers: Select FIVE of these. A paragraph is all you need. Use at least one quotation per answer. Use only texts we read in the course. Do not reuse any papers or discussions from your own previous work or anyone else’s. You may use your text and the modules but no other sources. 1 point each.

  1. Kitchens are an important setting in literature written after World War II–especially when they aren’t used for just meals. What alternative uses do they represent according to three authors? Explain in a short paragraph. Show similarities among the authors.
  2. Clothes are carefully selected by our authors. What does the clothing represent? Compare the work of three different authors for how clothes work. Emphasize similarities. All choices must be post WWII.
  3. Stubbornness, for better (determined) or worse (close-minded), is often a character trait in contemporary literature. Why? Answer by selecting three authors who agree on the answer. Emphasize similarities.
  4. Mother in “Everyday Use” has a fantasy about a television show. What are her qualities she wishes she has, and what ones does she actually have? Which of her daughters is like her fantasy and in what ways?
  5. Identify three texts (three different authors) which use the archetype of the Alienated Man or Woman. The figure may be despairing or comical. Discuss how this character contributes to the story.
  6. Find and discuss three qualities in “Petrified Man” and “Good Country People” which are similar.

II. Essay.
Instructions: Choose ONE of the following and write an essay of at least 750 words (not including the Works Cited). Place the word count after the essay.10 points
Post World War II means works written from 1945* to the present. [*”Petrified Man” (1939) can be included.]
Remember to have a thesis paragraph in which you state your major idea; also, avoid plot summary, include direct comparison of similarities, and use quotations from the texts to prove your points. Document parenthetically.
— Do not use any outside sources. You may use your textbook and material from the modules.
–Use MLA style for citations and Works Cited.
–All texts must be chosen from those we read for the class.
–Do not use any material from your own or others’ previous papers.
–Submit the examination to the Assignments/ Final tab. Use .doc or .docx.

  1. American writers after World War II rebel against conventional ideas. What are three conventional ideas which three authors reject? Choose three ideas which all three authors reject. Why do these authors reject the three conventional ideas?
  2. The theme of art, the artist, and creative power is prominent in recent American literature. Our authors answer these questions: what is art, who is an artist, and what is the source of creative power? Compare at least three authors’ treatment of this theme. All must be post World War II.
  3. “Americans are optimistic, action-oriented, and individualistic,” according to critic Sadie Sidewinder. Defend or reject this claim, using texts from three authors as evidence. At least two must be post World War II.
  4. American humor can challenge conventional ideas, reveal truth beneath facades, and provide a healing perspective. Select three texts (three different authors) which do all three and compare them. At least two must be must be post World War II.

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