Diffusionism as an anthropological school of thought was an attempt to understand the nature of culture in terms of the origin of culture traits and their spread from one society to another. Diffusionism refers to the diffusion or transmission of cultural characteristics or traits from the common society to all other societies. The Biblical theory of human social origin was taken for granted in Renaissance thought (14th century-17th century).
The role diffusion played in cultural diversity was acknowledged, but could only be interpreted as the result of cultural decline from an “original Adamic condition” (Hodgen 1964:258). The Renaissance conception of a “Great chain of Being”, the hierarchical ordering of human societies, reinforced this Biblical interpretation (Hodgen 1964: Ch. 10). They criticized the Psychic unity of mankind of evolutionists.
They believed that most inventions happened just once and men being capable of imitation, these inventions were then diffused to other places. According to them all cultures originated at one point and then spread throughout the world. They opposed the notion of progress from simple to complex forms held by the evolutionists. They also held that primitive or modern are also a relative matter and hence comparative method is not applicable. They looked specifically for variations that gradually occurred while diffusion took place.
Versions of diffusionist thought included the conviction that all cultures originated from one culture center (heliocentric diffusion); the more reasonable view that cultures originated from a limited number of culture centers (culture circles); and finally the notion that each society is influenced by others but that the process of diffusion is both contingent and arbitrary (Winthrop 1991:83-84). Diffusionist research originated in the middle of the nineteenth century as a means of understanding the nature of the distribution of human culture across the world.
By that time scholars had begun to study not only advanced cultures, but also cultures of nonliterate people (Beals and Hoijer 1959:664). Studying these very diverse cultures created the major issue of discerning how humans progressed from primeval conditions to superior states (Kuklick 1996:161). Among the major questions about this issue was whether human culture had evolved in a manner similar to biological evolution or whether culture spread from innovation centers by diffusion (Hugill 1996:343). The main proponents of British school of Diffusionism were G. Elliot Smith, William J Perry and W.
H. R Rivers. They held the view that all cultures originated only in one part of the world. Egypt was the culture center of the world and the cradle of civilization. Hence human culture originated in Egypt and then spread throughout the world. They pointed to the Pyramid like large stone structures and sun worship in several parts of the world. W. H. R. Rivers (1864-1922) was a British doctor and psychiatrist who became interested in ethnology after he went on a Cambridge expedition to the Torres Straits in 1898. He later pursued research in India and Melanesia.
His interest in kinship established him as a pioneer in the genealogical method and his background in psychiatry enabled him to do research in the area of sensory perception (Barnard 1996:588). Rivers was converted to diffusionism while writing his book, The History of Melanesian Society, and was the founder of the diffusionist trend in Britain. In 1911, He was the first to speak out again evolutionism (Harris 1968:380). G. Elliot Smith (1871-1937) was a prominent British anatomist who produced a most curious view of cultural distribution that Egypt was the source of all higher culture.
He based this on the following assumptions: (1) man was uninventive, culture seldom arose independently, and culture only arose in certain circumstances; (2) these circumstances only existed in ancient Egypt, which was the location from which all culture, except for its simplest elements, had spread after the advent of navigation; (3) human history was full of decadence and the spread of this civilization was naturally diluted as it radiated outwardly (Lowie 1937:160-161). Smith and W. J. Perry, a student of W. H. R. Rivers, hypothesized that the entire cultural inventory of the world had diffused from Egypt.
The development began in Egypt, according to them, about 6,000 years ago (Harris 1968:380; Smith 1928:22). This form of diffusion is known as heliocentrism (Spencer 1996:608). They believed that “Natural Man” inhabited the world before development began and that he had no clothing, houses, agriculture, domesticated animals, religion, social organization, formal laws, ceremonies, or hereditary chiefs. The discovery of barley in 4,000 B. C. enabled people to settle in one location. From that point invention in culture exploded and was spread during Egyptian migrations by land and sea.
This account was similar to the Biblical version of world history (Harris 1968:389-381). The German School of Diffusionism has chief proponents like Friedrich Ratzel, Leo Frobenius, Fritz Graebner and William Schmidt. Their approach was through the analysis of culture complexes identified geographically and studied as they spread and developed historically. It has both time and space dimensions. The first dimension of space was explained in terms of culture circles and the second dimension of time was explained in terms of culture strata.
Freidrich Ratzel (1844-1904) was a German anthropologist who was a significant contributor to nineteenth-century theories of diffusion and migration. He developed criteria by which the formal, non-functional characteristics of objects could be compared, because it would be unlikely that these characteristics would have been simultaneously invented (Barnard 1996:588). Ratzel warned that possible migration or other contact phenomena should be ruled out in each case before cross-cultural similarities were attributed to independent invention.
He wrote The History of Mankind, a three volume publication in 1896, which was said to be “a solid foundation in anthropological study” by E. B. Tylor, a competing British cultural evolutionist (Harris 1968:383). Leo Frobenius (1873-1938) was a German, who was the originator of the concepts of the Kulturkreise (culture circles) and of the Paideuma (or “soul” of culture). Although he had no formal education, he was involved in extensive research in Africa, which was made possible by donors and by his own income from books and lectures (Barnard2002:862).
Fritz Graebner (1877-1934) was a German anthropologist, who was a leading diffusionist thinker. Graebner supported the school of “culture circles” (Kulturkreis), which could trace its beginning to the inspiration of Friedrich Ratzel, the founder of anthropogeography. Leo Frobenius, a pupil of Ratzel, expanded on the “culture circle” concept, which stimulated Fritz Graebner, then at the Berlin Ethnological Museum (1904), to write about culture circles and culture strata in Oceania.
Two years later, he applied these concepts to cultures on a world-wide basis. In 1911 he published Die Methode der Ethnologie in which he attempted to establish a criterion for identifying affinities and chronologies, called the Criterion of Form (Harris 1968:383-384). Father Pater Wilhelm Schmidt (1868-1954) was a Catholic priest in Germany and an ethnologist who studied religions of the world and wrote extensively on their inter-relationship (Barnard 1996:589).
At about the same time that Fritz Graebner (1906) was applying the culture-circle and culture-strata ideas on a worldwide scale, Father Schmidt helped to promote these ideas, began the journal Anthropos, and created his own version of the Kulturkriese (Harris 1968: 383). Although both Graebner and Schmidt believed that all culture traits diffused out of a limited number of original culture circles, Father Schmidt’s list of Kreise (culture circles) was the most influential. He proposed four major temporal phases: Primitive, Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary.
Within this framework was a grouping of cultures from various parts of the world in an evolutionary scheme, which was basically the very familiar sequences of “stages” progressing from hunter-gatherer, to horticulturalists, to pastoralists, and ending with complex stratified civilization (Harris 1968:385). The Diffusionist thought in America centered on Culture areas which referred to relatively small geographical regions containing the contiguous distribution of similar cultural elements. The term culture area was first used by O. T Mason who identified 18 American Culture Areas.
His ideas were elaborated by scholars like Clark Wissler and Alfred Kroeber and Robert Lowie. In 1895 Otis T. Mason wrote an article entitled “Influence of Environment upon Human Industries or Arts,” which was published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution. This article identified eighteen American Indian “culture areas. ” It was a simple concept, in that tribal entities were grouped on an ethnographic map and related to a geographical aspect of the environment. In 1914, the “culture area” concept was refined by G. Holmes. This comprised the basis for a “landmark treatment of American Indian ethnology” by Clark Wissler.
Even some years later in 1939, this same “culture area” concept was used by A. L. Kroeber’s in his publication of Cultural and Natural Areas (Harris 1968:374). Clark Wissler (1870-1947) was an American anthropologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Even though he was not in a university where he could train students, his writings still influenced and inspired many of his contemporaries. His ideas on the culture-area approach were especially significant (Barnard 1996:593). In 1917 Wissler created a “landmark treatment” of American Indian ethnology based on Otis T.
Mason’s 1895 article in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution, which identified eighteen American Indian culture areas (Harris 1968:374). He expanded the idea of “culture center” by proposing a “law of diffusion,” which stated that “… traits tend to diffuse in all directions from their center of origin. ” The law constituted that basis of the “age-area principle” which could determine the relative age of a culture trait by measuring the extent of its geographical distribution (Harris 1968:376). A. L. Kroeber (1876-1960) was an early American student of Franz Boas.
He helped establish the anthropology department at Berkeley as a prominent educational and research facility from where he conducted valuable research among the California Indians (Barnard 1996:581). Kroeber (1931) observed that the culture-area concept was “a community product of nearly the whole school of American Anthropologists (Rice, 1931). ” Using the culture areas proposed by Otis T. Mason in the 1895 Annual Report of the Smithsonian, Kroeber published his well-known book, Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America, in 1939 (Harris 1968:374).
Now that the background and contributors of diffusionism have been discussed; the concepts of diffusionism must be explained. This school of thought proposed that civilization spread from one culture to another, because humans are basically conservative and lack inventiveness (Winthrop 1991:83). An extreme example of this theory was the idea proposed by English scholar Grafton Elliot Smith. He considered Egypt as the primary source for many other ancient civilizations (Smith 1931:393-394). This form of diffusionism is known as heliocentric diffusionism (Spencer 1996:608).
A wider concept, explaining the diffusion of culture traits, was formulated by Leo Frobenius, through the inspiration of his teacher, Freidrich Ratzel. This version is called “culture circles” or Kulturkreise (Harris 1968:382-83). An even more expanded version of diffusionism was proposed in the United States, where diffusionist ideas culminated in the concept of “culture areas. ” A. L. Kroeber and Clark Wissler were the main proponents of this version (Harris 1968:373-74). Culture Circles German and Austrian diffusionist argued that there were a number of culture centers, rather than just one, in the ancient world.
Culture traits diffused, not as isolated elements, but as a whole culture complex, due to migration of individuals from one culture to another (Winthrop 1991:83). The Kulturkreise (culture circle) school of thought, even though inspired by Friedrich Ratzel, was actually created by his student, Leo Frobenius. This stimulated Fritz Graebner, at the Berlin Ethnological Museum, to write about this concept in his studies about Oceania, then on a world-wide scale. Father Wilhelm Schmidt became a follower of these ideas, created his version of the Kulturkriese, and began the journal, Anthropos (Harris 1968:382-83).
Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe and Incidents narrative essay help: narrative essay help
In The Life of A Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs are two books which were written against slavery. Both authors are deeply against slavery and write these books to convince their audience that slavery is bad. They both want the reader to get an image of how slavery was about during the 1850’s. Only difference is that Stowe writes about things that occur during the 1850’s but are not based on a true story. In other words, Uncle Tom’s Cabin is fiction where has Jacobs book, it is an autobiography, a slave narrative.
Even though Uncle Tom’s Cabin is fiction and Incidents In The Life of A Slave Girl is a life story, they both confirm the reality and viciousness of slavery by focusing in religion, mental and sexual abuse, and how slavery obliterates the moral principles of slaveholders. Religion played a major role during slavery. Not only was religion one of the main reasons as to way colored people (and the few white abolitionist there were) believed slavery was wrong but also because it was the only “good” there was during the 1800’s. During the 1800’s, it was jam-packed with inequality.
Therefore, religion was the hope towards freedom, love, and equality amongst all. In Stowe’s book, Uncle Tom was the most religious and noble character. In Jacob’s book, Aunt Martha was the most religious and kind hearted. Both characters passed on the religious values to others. For example, after Uncle Tom’s death was it then that Mr. Shelby, Toms slaveholder, realize that in the eyes of God, Slavery was immoral. Mr. Shelby states, “Witness, eternal God!…. Oh, witness that, from this hour I will do what one man can drive out this curse of slavery from my land! (Stowe, 479).
Mr. Shelby had basically said that with the help and guidance of God, and his determination, he was going to put a stop to slavery. He realized how slavery was not right and was determined to work against slavery from that very hour (meaning the moment poor Tom passed away). This part of the Story was Stowe’s way of conveying her message that through determination and the power of having religion/god in your life, it is the way Slavery would have an end to it. Another example from Stowe’s book is a quote from Mrs. Shelby.
She states that “This is a God’s curse on slavery……I was a fool to think I could make anything good out of such a deadly evil. It is a sin to hold a slave under laws like ours,…” (Stowe, 38). This is a perfect example of Stowe’s religious views stating that slavery is a sin, in others eyes, a crime and that because of those reasons it shall be prohibited. As for Jacobs, we get to read an actual event that happened during her time of being a slave. As mentioned before, religion was an important part of every slave. Jacobs gives us an example of how the white individual would try to use religion to lure the slaves to do as their master says.
Knowing that religion was a big part of a slaves life and beliefs, their assumptions were that this type of preaching was actually going to affect and bring some senses into the slaves mind. A preacher named Mr. Pike would preach to the slaves stating that “You must forsake your sinful ways, and be faithful servants. Obey your old master and your young master…… You must obey God’s Commandments. ” (Jacobs, 60). Next is how mental and sexual abuse confirms the viciousness of slavery. Jacob talks through out the book the way her master took away her Girlhood. Jacob discusses how women suffered just has bad as men did.
Men did in fact undergo more physical abuses but throughout the book you can read how she and women in general endure the same pain. She states by saying that she then “… entered on [her] fifteenth year—a sad epoch in the life of a slave girl. [Her] master began to whisper foul words in [her] ear. ” (Jacobs, 26) With that being said, it began with foul words but then lead to the sexual abuse. Another example from the text was when she says that “Slavery is terrible for men, but it is far more terrible for women. ” (Jacobs, 66) This example also informs us on how hard it was for her and for other slave women during those times.
That is way it is harsh on a slave girl because they are forced to have sexual relations with their masters. As for mental cruelty, women are mentally being abused because they are tortured when they get separated from their children. For a mother, being away from your blood and flesh and knowing that they will probably have no more contact with them because they were sold, is terrible. An example from the text can be with A friend of hers named Fanny stating that “dwelled agony but did not suffer the same as her because she had hope to see her children.
As of for her, she did not have no more hope because they had been auctioned off. ” (Jacobs, 130) Last but not least how slavery obliterates the moral principles of slaveholders. Stowe uses perfect examples of how slaveholders were trying to be nice but in the end were not what they appeared to be. An example will be Mr. Shelby’s father and a character name St. Clare. Both of these slave holders saw and knew that Slavery was wrong. But they didn’t stop with the slavery because they thought that slavery had already spread to much and that it had become unstoppable.
For that reason they didn’t bother stopping themselves. Other examples can be Mr. Shelby. Mr. Shelby became a huge impact on the message of the book. He was against slavery but he dealt with it by owning slaves and treating them with honor. Just like in Jacobs narrative, her master will “treat her well” by never making her go through whippings or do field work, but still had her as a slave. In conclusion, I believe both books are good sources to look into if anybody is trying to get a point of view towards slavery or even a history behind it.
I also believe that both books are reliable because they both provide their own individual pieces. Stowe offers a brief history and conveys the message that once accepting God into ones life, Slavery would end. She also gives an overall perspective of what was going on during the 1800’s because she wrote this book right when The Fugitive Slave Law was passed. Therefore she expressed her opinion and was trying to send out a message to the Southerners (the south were her main target audience).
As for Jacobs book, I believe it is a reliable source because she takes us into her past and her sufferings. She helps you understand how an actual and other slaves had to go through. Her book also allows the reader to understand more into depth that the women slaves suffered just as much as the men or even more so. In the end, I rate Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs higher than Uncle Toms Cabin because I believe there is nothing better than an actual life story. An autobiography has the ability to give the reader a better view of things of how that time of period was.
I liked Jacobs narrative because through out the reading she repeatedly would mention to her readers that she was not exaggerating on what she had written/said. I liked that about her because it reassured me that I was actually living history and slavery just by reading her story. Although Uncle Toms Cabin was a great text written against slavery and towards Southerners, I didn’t like Tom, as noble and religious the character was, he ended up suffering the most I believe. But overall, both books are great resources and that’s way they continue to be read years after being written.
Info Technology cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Today’s families are living in an age where technology plays a major role. One can expect to encounter different options when it comes to choosing a cable provider. In the paragraphs to come, we will discuss the Cable Communications Act of 1984. Fair Credit Reporting Act, 1970 will also be discussed when answering the question what were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act.
The Cable Communication Act of 1984, at the time; was a new law that attempted to balance the friction between the FCC and the local government. Prior to this Act being introduced they were a constant struggle between both parties for dominance in the cable industry. This act were supposed to solve the previous ongoing problem of who, or what, should be able to exercise the most power over local cable operations. In other words what this act did was establish regulations for cable companies to follow. This meant that no individual cable company was exempt from the standard set forth by The Cable Communications Act.
The act also protected cable operators from unfair denials of renewals from the different franchises. What was discovered by all when the smoke settles was that the act reduced any unnecessary regulation that could have very well brought about excessive burden on cable system. When talking about unnecessary burden, one mind may very well run on their Credit reports. The Fair Credit Reporting Act, 1970 (FCRA) was enacted to promote accuracy, fairness, and to protect ones personal information gathered by Credit Reporting Agencies.
The advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of the FCRA, is today’s society has various access to their own and others personal information right from home. Prior to the FCRA, there was wide spread abuse in the credit reporting industry. Individual’s personal information was being sold to various companies, such as insurers and employers. This reports led to many being denied services and various opportunity to advance. It was found that not only was many of the information untrue that was being reported, the information being reported was also fabricated.
To make matters worse, it was discovered that individual’s lifestyles, sexual orientation, material status and many other personal information was being collected and sold to the highest bidder. After years of different legislation by many in congress The Fair Credit Reporting Act, 1974 was passed. The FCRA limits the use of your individual credit reports to only certain purpose. It also affords individuals a private right of action than can be pursued in federal or state court against many credit Reporting Agencies reporting false information.
Parker Pen Company easy essay help: easy essay help
In January 1983, Mr. Joseph Kabiling, Cosmos Club’s Business Manager, was left with the decision of whether or not to present his proposal to acquire a point-of-sale equipment at this year’s Finance Committee meeting on capital expenditures. Through the years, the club’s restaurant registered higher than expected losses, compared to any of the club’s revenue-generating services. Thus, he left that this might improve the dining room operations although he was unsure of its viability and adoptability to the club’s environment. Company Background
The Cosmos Club which started in 1878, is a private social club and its purpose was to provide a venue for discussions and an exchange of ideas among individuals who were distinguished in the arts and sciences. Its office is located along Massachusetts Avenue, right at the center of Washington D. C. ’s embassy row. The club had an original membership of ten. But its membership roster had currently reached 9,500; however, only 3,500 were active. To limit its members, the club enforced a policy that applications were accepted only upon the demise or resignation of existing members.
Among its members were several Nobel Prize winners, award-winning writers, known politicians, and other distinguished individuals. There were three committees that governed the operations of the club: 1) the House Committee; 2) the Finance Committee; and 3) the Admissions committee. The House Committee was responsible for the overall operations of the club. It also looked into its facilities and is responsible for supervising the daily activities of the club. The Finance Committee, managed the club’s assets, and reviewed all capital expenditures request.
All proposals for changes in the operating system of the club were reviewed by this committee. The Admissions Committee required each member to pay $500 annual dues. New member were also required to pay an invitation fee of $400 for members over 40 years old, and $350 if below 40 years, and around 100 new members were admitted each year. The Cosmos Club, being a non-profit entity, depended heavily on the dues and initiation fees collected by the Finance Committee to cover its operating expenses.
Service revenue alone was insufficient primarily because the club offered its services at subsidized prices. II – Perspective This case analysis was taken from the view point of the Top Management in deciding what strategy to use and how to implement the strategy to address the root cause of the major issue of the company. III – Statement of the Problem The club offers several revenue-generating services which includes the restaurant. However, the income from the restaurant showed higher losses, compared to any of the club’s revenue generating services.
The root cause of this problem is the unorganized overall order servicing system that is being practiced in the operation of the restaurant. IV – Statement of Objective To improve the operation of the order servicing system in the restaurant and promote honesty and company loyalty among the employees. V – Areas of Consideration SWOT Analysis Strengths: * Has a strong reputation and carry a prestigious company image, having the most distinguished personalities as members. * There is variety in services offered by the club which serves as a venue for discussions and an xchange of ideas among individuals who are famous in the arts and sciences.
The nature of business offers exclusivity among members and promotes privacy in extending facilities and services for the benefit of its distinguished members, which is not commonly offered in other social clubs and makes the club unique; therefore, the company has fewer competitors. * Constantly conducting research studies and development activities which are necessary for decision making and innovation. * The club’s long existence provides a certain amount of prestige to its members.
Weaknesses: * Has a limited source of funds. Being a non-profit entity, funds used to cover the operating expenses depend heavily on collection of dues and initiation fees and service revenues. The club offers its services at subsidized prices; therefore, revenues from services are insufficient. * The company is practicing a poor servicing system in their business operation. * Company loyalty and honestly among the employees are questionable. * Expertise of some employees may not be relevant to their specific function in the organization. Opportunities: Upgrading of facilities and developing a new servicing system that would address the issues in the company’s daily business operations.
Promoting company loyalty among employees by helping the workers acquire new skills that support their advancement to grow out of their jobs, into new ones within the company. * Facilitate more revenue generating services and activities to promote more income. Threats: * Adaptability to the recent developments in technology. * Price competition and economic pressure. * Potential new government regulations which may affect non-profit organizations.
VI – Alternative Courses of Action 1. Hire new employees who are knowledgeable with the ordering system and proper billing operation of the restaurant. Pros: Knowledgeable employees can provide faster service and proper pricing of chits will increase revenue. Cons: Additional cost in hiring new employees. 2. Improve dining room and billing procedure by creating a price-coded list of items in the menu for the day so the pricing of chits is done in an instant upon ordering. Pros: Faster ordering and serving of food.
This will result to a faster billing process and will also address the issue on waitresses sneaking out extra food since the cook will only prepare whatever is ordered referring to the price-code; hence, ensuring an increase of revenue. Cons: Employees who are resistant to change may not easily adopt the new servicing system. 3. Accept Mr. Kabiling’s proposal of using the NCR 2160 Food Service System for the club’s dining room operation and conduct up-training with the current employees to prepare them to adapt to changes in the new servicing system.
Pros: The purchase of the new equipment will improve the restaurant and billing operation and could also facilitate management control since it could also provide a comprehensive and detailed management report on the sales activity, server productivity, inventory status, food cost, and employee time-keeping record which would address all the issues the current restaurant operation. Cons: The new equipment is quite expensive and it only has an estimated life of 5 years. VII – Recommendation
Accept Mr. Kabiling’s proposal of using the NCR 2160 Food Service System for the club’s dining room operation and conduct up-training with the current employees to prepare them to adapt to changes in the new servicing system. This strategy is the most effective from my point of view because this will address the main objective and that is to improve the operation of the order servicing system in the restaurant and promote honesty and company loyalty among the employees.
This strategy will provide faster service and avoid having the customers wait for too long before they could be served. This will also prevent the waitresses from sneaking extra food to their favorite customers, to gain bigger tips. The purchase of the new equipment will make sure that orders are properly priced. The implementation of this strategy will definitely improve the revenue in operating the restaurant. VIII – Action Plan Task: Purchase of the new NCR 2160 Food Service System and implement changes in the new servicing system of the restaurant.
Up-training of employees, faster ordering system, and speed up the billing process) Person Responsible: Mr. Joseph Kabiling should present his proposal to acquire the new equipment to the Finance Committee. The proposal should be approved by the Finance Committee. Mr. Patrick Kruckshank should be responsible for training the current employees to prepare them to adapt to changes with purpose of improving the operation of the restaurant. Time Implementation:
To offset the incurred expenses in the purchase and maintenance of the new equipment, the management should improve or maximize the use of their resources to be able to increase the revenue in operating the restaurant. To do this, the management should first conduct up-training among the employees. This activity should include the introduction of the new purchased equipment. The employees should familiarize themselves with how the equipment works and how it can help them to improve their services. Educating the employees will help them accept the changes in the dining room procedures being introduced.
To address the issue on employee’s honesty and company loyalty, the management should track the individual employee sales, analyze product acceptance, and monitor advertising and sales promotion. The management should also closely monitor the activity report obtained from the new equipment which includes the number of daily transactions; number of service, cashiers, and other employees on duty; average check count; customer count and number of items sold; and the percentage of labor cost to net sales.
This will enable the management to efficiently plan the shift assignments and work load be distributed more equally among employees. This strategy should be fully implemented. If it will be carried out successfully, it will not just offset the cost of purchasing the new equipment, but will also help to significantly increase the revenue in the restaurant operation.
Oral Script About Titanic online essay help: online essay help
Good morning to my teacher and fellow friends. Today I want to talk about the sinking of Titanic. RMS Titanic was a passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean on 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. The sinking of Titanic caused the deaths of 1,514 people in history. She was the largest ship afloat at the time of her maiden voyage. One of three liners operated by the White Star Line, she was built between 1909-11 by the Harland and Wolff Shipyard in Belfast.
Her passengers included some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as over a thousand emigrants from Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia and elsewhere seeking a new life in North America. The ship was designed to be the last word in comfort and luxury, with an on-board gymnasium, swimming pool, libraries, high-class restaurants and opulent cabins. She also had a powerful wireless telegraph provided for the convenience of passengers as well as for operational use.
Though she had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, she lacked enough lifeboats to accommodate all of those aboard. Due to outdated maritime safety regulations, she carried only enough lifeboats for 1,178 people – a third of her total passenger and crew capacity. After leaving Southampton, England on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at France and Ireland before heading westwards towards New York. On 14 April 1912, four days into the crossing and about 375 miles south of Newfoundland, she hit an iceberg at 11:40 pm.
The glancing collision caused Titanic’s hull plates to buckle inwards in a number of locations on her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea. Over the next two and a half hours, the ship gradually filled with water and sank. Passengers and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats, many of which were launched only partly filled. Just before 2:20 am Titanic broke up and sank bow-first with over a thousand people still on board. Those in the water died within minutes from hypothermia caused by immersion in the freezing ocean.
The 710 survivors were taken aboard from the lifeboats by the RMS Carpathia a few hours later. The disaster was greeted with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and the regulatory and operational failures that had led to it. Many of the survivors lost all of their money and possessions and were left destitute; many families, particularly those of crew members from Southampton, lost their primary bread-winners.
They were helped by an outpouring of public sympathy and charitable donations. Some of the male survivors, notably the White Star Line’s chairman, J.Bruce Ismay, were accused of cowardice for leaving the ship while people were still on board, and they faced social ostracism. The wreck of the Titanic remains on the seabed, gradually disintegrating at a depth of 12,415 feet (3,784 m). Since its rediscovery in 1985, thousands of artifacts have been recovered from the sea bed and put on display at museums around the world. Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, her memory kept alive by numerous books, films, exhibits and memorials. That’s all. Thank you.
The Last King of Scotland essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
The Last King of Scotland Idi Amin called himself the King of Scotland; He wanted to be known for his charisma, personality and intriguing conversation. It wasn’t until Dr. Garrigan sees the real President Amin that the movie begins to take a real turn of fate. Kevin Macdonald brings out the reality of the brutality in Uganda at that time. What is the real reason Dr. Garrigan chose to ignore Amins’ destruction for so long? MacDonald’s’ choosing in the audience is of age that would truly understand the movie and its’ roots.
Since the movie is fiction with only events being factual it is a movie that must be closely watched and understood to catch what Giles Foden the writer of the novel and MacDonald’s direction really wanted their audience to grasp. The Last King of Scotland takes a slow beginning with Dr. Garrigan graduating from medical school. Dr. Garrigan is disappointed about his career as a doctor when he starts off working at his family’s’ private practice. When Dr. Garrigan finds a need for his medical skills in Ugandan missionary clinic, he chooses to go abroad.
These beginning scenes show the audience the history roots of Dr. Garrigans later actions and why he takes the hero role. Basically showing his “I’m trying to find my purpose” emotions. At the same time of Dr. Garrigans’ arrival to Uganda, Amin is starting to get even more comfortable and closer to his goals in office. Fate plays its’ part when Amin and Dr. Garrigan meet at the scene of a car accident. Of course Garrigan uses his medical skills to patch things up. When Dr. Garrigan threatens Amin for a second, because his accent fools Amin to mistakenly take him as a British man.
Later Amin finds out that Dr. Garrigan is Scottish and not British. Amin starts to take to Dr. Garrigan more kindly. The movie starts to play out when the audience watches Amin and Dr. Garrigan grow closer in friendship. Dr. Garrigan does not notice right away that Amin takes a father role in the relationship rather then just friends until later. Amin asks Dr. Garrigan to become his personal physician. The audience can tell that Dr. Garrigan is slightly uncomfortable and not sure if that position is really what he wants to do.
But then he agrees. Later Dr.Garrigan become Amins’ right hand man. Leaving Dr. Garrigan to move closer and be apart of Amins’ political agenda. Even though Dr. Garrigan is well aware of the persecution of the Ugandan people he still accepts Amins’ offer. Dr. Garrigan allows himself to fall into the trap by taking whatever Amin gives him. Dr. Garrigan is now riding around in a Mercedes and live in a nice apartment on the countries’ poor people taxes. Then later decides to be the people’s hero. Is it because it wasn’t until his life was in danger that he decides to do the right thing?
When Amin gave him the explanation that he had to kill those people and he had no other choice, Dr. Garrigans’ true response was to run away but he ignored it and stayed put. Did Dr. Garrigan know that he could be in real danger being so close to this man? Dr. Garrigan met one of Amins’ three wives, Kay Amin and her son Mackenzie. Dr. Garrigan learns that Mackenzie has epilepsy. Dr. Garrigan tries his best to care for their son while “accidentally” falling in love with Kay. Why would Dr. Garrigan let himself go there with Amins’ wife Kay knowing that the man has history of easily justifying reasons to murder people.
Not only did Dr. Garrigan put himself in even more danger, but he also put Kay’s’ life in danger also. Not too long after Dr. Garrigan learns that Amin has a real fear for foreigners and begins to slaughter the Asian community in Uganda. Dr. Garrigan is shown more evidence of Amins’ brutality. When reality hits Dr. Garrigan, he tries to leave, but of course Amin is not going to let Dr. Garrigan leave now. He knows too much. Amin consistently tells Dr. Garrigan he cannot leave because Amin is now his new father and he cannot leave his family here in Uganda.
Now things can’t get any worse. Dr. Garrigan finds out that Kay is pregnant with his child. Kay and Dr. Garrigan try to devise a plan for an abortion so that Amin does not find out. Because if he did both of them knew that he would kill them both. Dr. Garrigan is kept away from his meeting with Kay and Amin soon finds out about their affair. In complete anger, Amin brutally murders Kay. When Dr. Garrigan finds out he now knows that the only way he is going to get out of this country is by assassinating Amin.
Islamabad the Capital City argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online
Many were the reasons for which Pakistan needed a new capital city. During the first stages of the life of the new State it was natural that Karachi should have been selected as the capital, since it was a large city and a convenient centre of sea and air transportation. This was not, however, a satisfactory solution from points of view of climate, tradition and the existing buildings, which were not adequate in number or to the standards required by a capital. The layout and structure of the existing port city did not allow it to take on the functions of a modern capital.
On the other hand, the influx of refugees intensified the existing problems and created new ones. Fig. 1. Map of Pakistan The government of Pakistan decided to cope with the situation by creating a new capital and proceeded toward this end in a systematic manner. By decision of H. E. the President of Pakistan, Field Marshal Mohammed Ayub Khan, a special commission was established to study this problem having as its chairman Major General A. M. Yahya Khan, Chief of the General Staff. This committee had its first session in February 1959, under the chairmanship of General Yahya, and during this session nine subcommittees were set up.
In February 1959 H. E. The President of Pakistan honoured Dr. C. A. Doxiadis by naming him advisor to the Special Commission for the Location of the Capital and in compliance with a request from the President and from the chairman of the commission, a report was issued by Dr. Doxiadis with reference to this problem, in an effort to incorporate the knowledge and the experience of the members of the committees as well as of that of each committee as a whole. The result of this report was that two areas were suggested for the new capital, one outside Karachi and the other to the north of Rawalpindi.
Islamabad. Model of the area On the basis of reports and recommendations of the Commission for the Location of the Capital, H. E. President Mohammed Ayub Khan decided in favour of the site North of Rawalpindi, on the Potwar Plateau and made a public announcement to this effect in June 1959. On July the 2nd, 1959 Major General A. M. Yahya Khan requested Dr. Doxiadis to prepare and submit a report in order to facilitate the task of the commission in preparing the next stages of the work, especially regarding the setting up of a commission for building the new capital and setting up a programme of action.
During late July and early August 1959, Dr. Doxiadis visited the site of the capital and, as a result, the report “Impressions from the site – The necessary data” was issued. 1 In September 1959, the government of Pakistan decided to establish the Federal Capital Commission for the preparation of the master plan and programme of the new capital. Simultaneously, Doxiadis Associates were appointed as consultants to the Federal-Capital Commission.
Fourteen sub-committees, later named committees, were appointed during the first session of the Federal-Capital Commission, who issued a number of reports in connection with the surveys of the existing conditions in the capital area. Following the decision of the government of Pakistan to entrust Doxiadis Associates with the design of the new capital of Pakistan, the first team of experts of the consultant arrived at Rawalpindi early in November 1959 and a methodical collection of data was started, in close collaboration with the Federal-Capital Commission and Pakistani experts.
Another team of experts also started work in Athens under the leadership of Dr. C. A. Doxiadis on the study and classification of all collected and available data. A most important milestone in the history of the capital was the decision taken on February 24th, 1960 by H. E. the President and his Cabinet to give the New Capital of Pakistan the name of ISLAMABAD (the City of Islam). It can be considered that the New capital of Pakistan was born on this day. Several reports covering all facets of the problems related to the creation of the new Capital of islamabad were prepared by Doxiadis Associates.
These reports referred to the size of the Capital, the cost of the project, the facilities needed, highways, transportation in general, and so on. On May 24th, 1960 the preliminary master Plan of islamabad and the planning principles that will make this capital a model for “A City of the Future”, were presented to the Cabinet and approved by H. E. the President of Pakistan. A special authority, the Capital Development Authority, which took over from the Federal-Capital Commission, was set up in Pakistan and charged with the overall development of the new capital.
The greater area of the capital, the metropolitan area, has been planned for a future population of about 2,500,000 inhabitants within a period of two generations. Many factors influenced the decision regarding the location of Islamabad, such as transportation and communications, factors of national interest, defense, economic factors, civic factors, existing facilities, etc. After a careful study of these, the present area – represented by the model on the front page – was selected. The nearby existing city of Rawalpindi would offer Islamabad considerable aid in facilities and initial housing needs.
The chief characteristic of the landscape is that it runs from north-east to south-west along valleys formed by a series of hills running in the same direction. The Murree Highway had to follow this direction through a valley formed by two hills: the Islamabad highway has been aligned vertically to the Murree Highway between the existing airport and Shakarparian hills. Two more highways, by-passing the existing town of Rawalpindi, have been proposed. On the basis of the above ideas, a system of four highways becomes the basic step for the metropolitan area.
These axes form a big square, which will define all future transportation systems and all major functions within the metropolitan area. 2b. Formation of the Metropolitan Area The principal system of axes in the metropolitan area of islamabad defines three distinctive areas: a. the area of Islamabad proper. b. the area of Rawalpindi, the center of which is the city of Rawalpindi. c. the National Park area which will retain certain agricultural functions for several years and where sites must be provided for a national sports center, the national university, national research institute, etc.
The areas of Islamabad proper and Rawalpindi are both open for expansion towards the south-west, while the National Park area is rather districted from the surrounding hills and Soan river to the south-east. Fig. 3. The main highways Fig. 4. The three parts of the metropolitan area 3 2c. Dynametropolis The cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi will develop as twin cities serving each other in complementary ways. Islamabad will be the capital of the nation and will serve mainly administrative and cultural functions. Rawalpindi will remain the regional center serving industrial and commercial functions.
The master plan for both cities has the flexibility to allow for future expansions of the center. It has been designed on the basis of the ideal city of the future and to form a dyna-metropolis. Each is planned to develop dynamically towards the south-west, their center cores growing simultaneously and together with their residential and other functions. 2d. Islamabad The whole metropolitan area is sub-divided into sectors, called Communities Class V, each for about 20,000-40,000 people and each according to the income group it will serve.
The sub-division of the metropolitan area into sectors resulted from the adoption of a pattern of principal roads placed 2,200 yards apart in both- directions. Fig. 6. Islamabad The sketch indicates growth of functions in the direction of the city’s future expansion Fig. 5. The central functions of Islamabad and Rawalpindi This pattern forms a modulus in the town and maintains a unified scale for the whole metropolitan area. At the same time, it facilitates the road traffic as well as the organization of the various land-use zones into communities of the same order.
The field pattern provides for an hierarchical distribution of roads, starting from the highways, which have 1,200 ft. rights-of-way. The secondary roads have 600 ft rights-ofway. The third category consists of roads 100-300 ft wide entering the sectors, and surrounding the residential communities. The last category of roads, those leading to individual houses and buildings, run into the residential communities. These access roads are either for vehicles or for pedestrians. There is full segregation of motorized and pedestrian traffic.
Longitudinal sections of the roads follow the same classification. The highways are designed with the sole objective of serving high speed motor-traffic. In the other categories of roads, the landscape is more respected, and on roads for the pedestrian, there are even steps where the ground rises steeply. The human scale and that of the machine are kept clearly distinct, and the elements of road design strictly observe the requirements of this separation. The many zones of Islamabad serving various functions have been planned to allow for future expansion.
The administrative sector is placed at the heart of Islamabad, from which it spreads first towards and then along the hills. 4 The civic center is developed in a strip running south-west, which is the main direction of the town’s growth. The residential and the light-industrial zones follow the same trend. 2e. Rawalpindi The existing town of Rawalpindi was the major man-made obstacle in designing the new capital.
After a thorough study of the possibilities regarding the relation of the new capital to the existing town of Rawalpindi, it was found advisable to place Islamabad at such a distance so as to: a. orm an independent settlement for purposes of allowing the design of a physical plan independent of the existing restrictions imposed by the plan of Rawalpindi town. b. provide the new capital with services and buildings already existing in Rawalpindi in order to save the maximum amount of costs. Rawalpindi has been the subject of a special study so as to permit the coordinated and balanced growth of the two towns in a balanced way. A master plan for Rawalpindi was prepared, and regulations about zoning and interim development control were proposed.
For many years to come, the existing town of Rawalpindi will perform the duties of a mother caring for her child, until the child is grown and becomes self-sufficient. 2f. The National Park The third part of the metropolitan area is the National Park, situated so as to serve both Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The National Park has been designed to provide space for: a. educational and scientific institutes of national importance, such as national university, atomic energy center, research center, national health center, etc. b. ecreational facilities, both active and passive, such as sports centers, exhibition areas, zoo, botanical gardens, etc c. agricultural areas for cultivating vegetables and fruits required for the two cities.
The National Park already has the Rawal lake which was created in 1961 following the construction of a dam to collect irrigation water and to supply water to Rawalpindi. In the future, running water, may be dammed to form more lakes. Fig. 7. Rawalpindi Fig. 8. The National Park 2g. Unity of Scale A principle adopted in designing the Islamabad- Master Plan 5 was unity of scale.
This was considered absolutely necessary to achieve a cohesion between the various elements of the town. The city is not a conglomeration of isolated and unrelated spaces, but one entity of interrelated spaces. A scale measurement was determined to govern the elements composing the city, such as plots, streets, open spaces, squares, roads, etc. The selection of a system of axes or prevailing orientation is equally important for the achievement of unity of expression. Based on a study of the scale of the city made by the chief consultant, volume, heights, densities, and floor indices of the buildings were specified for each particular sector.
This study led to concrete proposals for the public-buildings area, the layout plan of which was designed to harmonize with the buildings of the administrative sector opposite the public-buildings area. Fig. 9. Islamabad (model) – Bird’s eyeview from N. E. ; the Capitol with the main administrative center, the sectors of public buildings and residential communities 2h. The Master Plan of the Metropolitan Area Each of the three parts defined by the alignment of the main axes of the metropolitan area is sub-divided into sectors.
An Unquiet Mind scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Kay Redfield Jamison, born in 1956, starts the book vividly describing her standing outside in the playground, just outside of Washington, looking up at the skies, just as many of the other children would do because, like them, she was a daughter of a man who was in the Air Force. As an elementary school student, Kay recalls a plane flying low to the ground crashing nearby, and the pilot being remembered as a hero for not abandoning the jet and causing the lives of the children in the playground.
Kay lived with her father, an enthusiastic meteorologist and Colonel of the Air Force, her mother, a kind, gentle, and caring woman, her brother whom she got along with very well despite their three year age difference, and her younger sister who was rebellious and the “black sheep” of their family. Kay grew up in many different locations because her father was stationed in those locations as an Air Force officer. Since she could remember, Kay had a great appreciation for music, poetry, animals, medicine, science, and the skies – most of which was introduced by her father.
Kay spent her adolescent years pursuing her passion for medicine and science, and along with her enthusiastic friends, family, and acquaintances she had acquired, she kept herself busy and interested by visiting St. Elizabeth’s psychiatric hospital in D. C. , volunteering for surgical procedures at the hospital in Andrews Air Force Base, and also volunteering at the Los Angeles Zoo to study animal behavior. In 1961, when Kay was fifteen-years-old, her father resigned from the military and took a job as a scientist in California.
Kay and her family moved to southern California. This sudden shift in friends and lifestyle, leaving behind a boyfriend, leaving behind a childhood of sports and activities, and diving into a society where everything she had learned from a military-like lifestyle did not provide her useful information in living in the west coast now. Her life fell apart. Having to start fresh in a foreign world was tough and required years of getting used to, but Kay overcame many obstacles and thrived in school and created new friendships.
Among these friendships, Kay had a unique, yet intimate, friendship with two attractive athletes; one boy had manic-depressive illness in his immediate family, and the other boy’s mother had shot herself in the heart with a shotgun. She acquired a boyfriend, who was older than her, a student at UCLA, and used him as a means of escape from her pressures and overcoming new barriers in life. In her senior year at Pacific Palisades high school, Kay experienced her full-blown manic episode.
Kay portrays her encounter as racing like a crazed weasel, fizzing with plans and enthusiasms, playing sports, staying up many nights with friends or reading, filling manuscript books with poems and plays, talking excessively, and making unrealistic plans for the future (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 36). Kay recalls feeling great about herself, but she finally slowed down. The author explains how she felt terrible, wanted to die, couldn’t clear her mind of horrid images and thoughts, wasn’t able to concentrate on anything, and didn’t want to engage in any sports. (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 37-39).
After high school, Kay began attending UCLA as an undergraduate, while she lived through high moods and depression. The personality laboratory in which she spent hours researching interested her very much. After two years at UCLA, she went to St. Andrews in Scotland and studied zoology, pursuing her love for animals since a very young age. After one year of escape from despair in Scotland, Kay moved back and continued her studies at UCLA. She now researches moods with a professor who, like her, had changing moods; they spent hours talking to each other about one another’s moods.
After graduating, Kay started her PhD program in psychology at UCLA in 1971. Kay kept herself busy with clinical research, a French artist and husband, internship at UCLA, dissertation in heroin addiction and moods, and becoming an assistant professor at UCLA Department of Psychiatry. Kay illustrates, on page 67-68, how horrible her depressive episodes were immediately following her manic endeavors. She explains how psychotic her manic stages were, but then replaced with worse depressive states. Dr.
Jamison now, lived through a failed marriage because of her manic buying sprees. During two of her intense manic episodes, Kay spent more than thirty-thousand dollars on books, music albums, a horse, and other needless things. After mania, when her depression caught up to her because of her illness, Kay felt ashamed, embarrassed, confused, and terrible for what she had done when she wasn’t depressed (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 73-76). Her brother, now an economics professor at Harvard, helped her through her finances, and supported and loved her in every other way.
A colleague of hers prescribed lithium to help Kay battle her intense manic episodes. Without the lithium, Kay encountered psychotic manic episodes (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 81), but along with psychotherapy sessions, the lithium kept her life more balanced. After taking lithium, despite the negative side effects of loss of coordination, lack of concentration, and vomiting, Kay’s psychosis cleared (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 90-93). Throughout the next few years of her life, Kay took the lithium when she needed it, but stopped taking it when she felt her mood a bit more stabilized.
This brought more frequent and more severe manic and depressive episodes (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 100-103). When she was severely depressed, Kay attempted suicide by lithium overdose, but the attempt failed because treatment and help was sought immediately by her brother and psychiatrist. After being cared for by her colleague, her physician, and her mother, Kay opened up a medical clinic for treating and diagnosing mood disorders at UCLA with the help of two physicians (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 125-127).
Kay produced music concerts and television shows respecting composers and artists who had suffered from mood disorders, specifically manic-depressive illness (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 129). Kay met David, a psychiatrist from London, and by spending time with him in California and in London, slowly, her depressed moods elevated and felt more stable than she had felt in a really long time (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 139-146). After David’s sudden heart attack and death in Japan, Kay felt extremely sad, but did not fall into depression.
Four years after David’s death, she met an Englishman and started taking lower doses of lithium. This had a positive effect on her: she noticed sounds more loudly, saw paintings more vividly, and was able to concentrate and coordinate her movements and speech exceptionally better (“An Unquiet Mind”, p. 161). After receiving tenure at UCLA, Kay worked in the medical clinic at UCLA, lectured medical residents, treated patients, and most impressive of all, became a professor at John Hopkins School of Medicine. She currently teaches at John Hopkins as a Professor of Psychiatry.
For Axis I of the DSM-IV, Kay Redfield Jamison suffers from bipolar disorder type I, or what she likes to define as manic-depressive illness. In bipolar disorder I, mania is necessary and major depressive disorder is most likely, which is the case for the author. For diagnosis of mania, three or more symptoms should be present, and the author suffers all the symptoms.
These include: increased distractibility when she would have to read passages over and over, but still would not comprehend the material; excessive involvement n pleasurable activities such as sex and her irrational, yet expensive buying sprees; inflated self-esteem or grandiosity when she would feel like she was able to juggle everything in her life; flight of ideas when she was able to complete a research paper in one day because her thoughts were racing; an increase in goal-directed activity, like the times.
When the author would take on many difficult tasks such as directing the medical clinic at UCLA, teach and lecture resident students, treat and diagnose patients, read many books and poems, and write books and journal articles; a decrease in the need for sleep because in manic moods, Kay rarely slept, and spent endless nights reading and writing; and, more talkative than usual, for instance as an adolescent in high school when her peers would tell her to slow down, and also at the Chancellor’s garden party where she was dressed provocatively and engaged in multiple, long conversations with colleagues.
During her depressive states, Kay experienced many symptoms that are likely in MDD: a severely depressed mood throughout her lifetime; loss of pleasure in usual activities such as not playing sports, reading, or listening to music at various points in her life; insomnia; diminished concentration and trouble making decisions when she wasn’t able to read a passage and comprehend it; she did not really experience any specific gain or loss in weight during depressive times; psychomotor agitation when she fell off her horse and at times couldn’t walk straight and sometimes even walked into walls; and recurrent suicidal ideation, and she even attempted suicide by overdosing on lithium.
Kay also experienced atypical features (interpersonal sensitivity), melancholic features (anhedonia), catatonic features (disturbed speech), and psychotic features (periods of psychosis, such as grandiosity during mania) of her bipolar disorder. Kay did not have any personality disorders and no diagnosis for Axis II of the DSM-IV. Kay did not possess any medical conditions throughout her life; thus, there is no diagnosis on Axis III of the DSM-IV. For Axis IV of the DSM, Kay did experience some psychosocial stressors during her life.
Kay lived through the death of Richard Laurie, a lover whom she was very fond of and cared for very much, and the love and care for her was returned by him. Leaving Washington and moving to strange lands to start a fresh life left behind love and support from many people whom she trusted and loved. The geographic shift may play a role in her bipolar disorder, but the main stressor may come from leaving behind friends and relationships. College after college, studying as an undergraduate, a doctoral student, and a medical director may have put strain on the author. Although Kay was employed at a clothing store during her undergraduate years to help pay for school, her financial burden caused by unemployment may also be considered a psychosocial stressor.
Kay’s marriage to Richard, along with her divorce may have also posed as a stressor for her manic-depressive illness. On the final axis, Axis V of the DSM-IV, Kay had periods of high and low functioning, thus calling for two GAF scores. A score of 20 on the GAF is accurate as the lowest functioning ever because she had dangers of hurting herself, and even attempted suicide. She was frequently violent, and had manic excitement. A score of 70 on the GAF is accurate as the highest possible level of functioning because there were times when she had mild depressive moods, had meaningful interpersonal relationships, and slight difficulty in social, occupational, and school functioning.
A biological perspective on bipolar disorder, more specifically genetic theory, states that disordered genes predispose people to depression or bipolar disorder. On page 189 of the book, Kay mentions that her great-uncle spent most of his adult life in an asylum. Along with that, Kay’s father and two generations of relatives on her father’s side expressed manic-depressive illness. Earlier in the book, Kay portrays her father as being enthusiastic, intelligent, caring, and talkative, but later on he became depressed all the time, and resorted to drinking. Another perspective on the disorder that we have learned about in class is psychodynamic.
The psychodynamic theories state that depressed people are unconsciously punishing themselves because they feel abandoned by another person, but cannot punish that person. The psychodynamic theory, in my evaluation, is not accurate with the disorder that Kay possesses. There was not really anyone in specific that she felt abandoned by, except for Richard, but she did not feel guilt or necessary to punish herself. I believe the book written by Kay Redfield Jamison provides a very accurate depiction of her disorder. At first, she seemed to mind people knowing about her condition because she felt embarrassed or ashamed, but in writing this book and confiding in many of her colleagues about her manic-depressive illness, she is able to let out all her emotions and experiences with the disorder.
I had some knowledge about bipolar disorder, but after reading this autobiography I feel like I have first-hand experience to someone suffering from this disorder. I have a lot more knowledge and insight about the symptoms, manias, depressions, and overall moods of someone with manic-depressive illness. Someone who has just been diagnosed with bipolar disorder would probably find this book very informative because it provides such detailed accounts of moods and experiences of someone with the disorder. If a friend of mine was diagnosed with this disorder, I would definitely recommend him/her to read this book because there is a lot that can be learned from the author and her struggles with the disorder.
The main reason I would want my friend to read this book is not only because it would give him/her ideas of what to expect with being manic-depressive, but Kay discusses over and over the importance of medications. I would want my friend to have knowledge about, specifically, the importance of regularly taking lithium. Since this disorder is fatal to thousands of people, I wouldn’t want my friend to continue in a devastating path, and despite of lithium’s side effects that Kay vividly portrays, lithium and psychotherapy together can save lives, as is true with Kay Redfield Jamison.
An Evaluation of Library Databases and Resources for Use in Research aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help: aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help
With perseverance I was finally able to navigate through the database. I need much more experience with library searching in all aspects. I just need to be patient and spend more time in the library. Perhaps reading some of the FAQs will help as well. E-learning, distance learning, e-learning in Africa, e-learning in developing nations peer-reviewed, journals. This was my first time accessing the ProQuest database. I did encounter problems gathering the desired data. I spent a large amount of time struggling with this search routine. With continued perseverance I did acquire the skill necessary to retrieve the information I desired. I felt very good about the level of knowledge gained after having completed all of the database searches.
I need more experience in all phases of the search process. Oguzar, Nkasiobi Silas, & Adebola, Helen E. (2011). Internet and e-learning technologies and the adult educator in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 1. 162-166. Retrieved from http://search. proquest. com. proxy1. ncu. edu/ advanced? I was pleased to notice that my e-searching library skills were improving rather fast. I began to notice that the level of frustration I had up to this point was fading. At this point I am able to perform basic searches with a considerable amount of success.
This was the database I chose to use to search for a textbook because I was able to bypass some of the unnecessary details I would have encountered should I have used any other database. Being new to on-line database searching, the struggle was intense, but it all paid off in the end. ProQuest was a lifesaver because it has many options for searching its database, even though I was not aware of how to put them into effect. Yet, I stayed in the battle and I eventually won. I now realize that being successful navigating through the online library calls for practice and patience.
The library sparked new ideas when I was searching for the first peer-reviewed journal. The topic I originally had in mind was “E-learning and student fraud”. Because I was not able to find much material in this subject area I decided to change my topic. Without hesitation I looked at other article titles that populated my search screen, and I immediately realized there was not enough information on my original topic. I did realize that this could have been because of my limited experience navigating through online database libraries. So my first step was to view other databases.
I was still unable to gather any significant amount of data. Because I had served as a Business teacher (foreign missionary) to South Africa some years ago, I developed an interest in the educational system in that continent, especially since a new government has taken over since I was there. I began to browse through the various databases on the topic of “e-learning in developing countries” and “e-learning in Africa” and I was able to gather quite a few articles. My search certainly did take on a new direction, and although I was surprised at the outcome, it was a very pleasant surprise.
Patron Saint of Butterflies Essay essay help tips: essay help tips
The main characters of the story are Honey, and Agnes. The whole book was written in a switch off format which is when Honey and Agnes each write a chapter on what happened in there own thoughts. The story shows a relationship between two girls that slowly grow apart holding tight onto what they have left in their friendship. The characters are Honey, her dad which is Mr. Little, Mrs. Little, Nana Pete, Lillian, Benny, and the owners of Mount Blessing, Mother Veronica and Father Emmanuel.
In this story, the characters are in a conflict; Mother Veronica and Father Emmanuel were the ones that were against Lillian, Nana Pete, Honey, and Agnes. There were against each other because Father Emmanuel was punishing the people that lived on Mount Blessing. The story started like this, Agnes was looking for Honey she got into trouble. Honey was punished by Emmanuel because she kissed a boy, on her back; Veronica had carved the word “harlot”. Soon, Nana Pete (Agnes and Benny’s grandmother) found out about the regulation room where people were being punished at.
Nana Pete decides to leave after she found out, when Benny had his finger slammed in the door. Someone had called the police, but because Emmanuel knew he was going to get into trouble if the police come, so he decides to it on himself clumsily. Nana Pete takes him to the hospital where they had to undo everything that Emmanuel had done. Right after Benny had woken up, they escape from Mount blessing where Agnes really doesn’t want to because she wants to become a saint, but Honey dreads to escape that place from the day her was born.
Honey had to say goodbye to Winky, the person that Honey owns a utterfly garden with. Honey also left a note about if Agnes ever goes back, Honey made Winky call the cops. They travel across from Connecticut all the way to Texas. On the way, Agnes faced a lot of things that were considered a sin, like eating stuff that are red, watching T. V. and listening to the radio which was all considered sins but Honey did all of them even when she knew it was against the rules on Mount Blessing.
Agnes struggles to be with Honey because of their differences, especially when they arrive to the destination and meet a girl amed Lillian. Actually, Lillian is Honey’s mother that had left her when she was only a baby, the story of her mother was complicated. She was wonderful at the violin when she had went to Mount Blessing, so she instantly was accepted into Emmanuel’s inner group which usually take years to do. But at that time she was already pregnant but the people in the inner circle knew nothing about it, when they did, Honey was already born into this world, so they made Lillian go away and let Honey stay with Lillian’s brother, Joseph (Mr.Little).
Things turn out pretty well until Nana Pete had died from a heart attacked. Honey and Agnes had a major fight after Agnes was praying for Nana Pete to come back alive, Honey said that it was impossible and had some argument that had caused Honey to hit Agnes. Rushing out the door, Honey hopped into the truck and then drove to the shop Lillian owned. She rushed in causing everyone to suddenly look at her, and then she dragged Lillian back, at that same time Agnes had called her parents to fly here and go pick up Agnes.
After her parents arrive, Mr. Little called Lillian the name she was given at Mount Blessing. After Agnes left, that was when Honey found out Lillian was her mother, also she finally knew the reason why Nana Pete treated her like her own grandchild. When Agnes arrived at Mount Blessing, she saw there were rows of police cars parked in front of the regulation room, the cops wanted to see all of the children, alone, that is when Emmanuel said “remember, we are believers” meaning for them to not tell anything about the room.
Because the children were so scared they all didn’t respond to the negative things that were mentioned about Mount Blessing. But then, Agnes thought about what was right and what she should do, slowly with trembling legs, she stood up. At the same time, Honey and Lillian was driving to Mount Blessing, when they arrive, the cops arrived because of the fact that Winky had called the police. A few weeks later, all of the parents were to be kept in order to be questioned, that is when Honey and Agnes stand on the same line, and race each other to the finish line.
They raced each other at the end because Agnes wanted to be a saint, and she thought racing was a sin, but she finally loosened up from what Honey had helped her with. I thought this book was the adventurous kind in the beginning, but then did I find out it was about friendship and love. This book was very touching from what Honey had described in one of the chapters about how Agnes had changed from the friend that she use to know to what she is now, a saint to be.
I thought that it was outrageous when I read to the part about that they were hit by Emmanuel. To what I think, people should not be punished by what they have done just according to the rules that some guy had made, and I thought that if the kids don’t want to live there, why do their parents make them? In a lot of the chapters, it showed that Agnes had a string that was tied around the waist, and every time she had committed a sin, she would tighten the string, just imagining it I would think would be hard enough for me, but to do it, it takes guts.
This booked talked a lot about friendship and trust, and I also thought it was so touching when it told the ending about how they raced each other. It would be hard for me to ever still hold on to the friendship that Agnes and Honey had held on to, I would just have stopped being friends with Agnes instead of trying to convince her back to being normal. I really loved this book because it connected with the experiences that I had, my friend, well more like best friend had started to ‘fit in’ with the crowd, and soon, she pretended that she didn’t ever know me.
But before I came to America, I had to say goodbye to her, and she said that the only reason she left me was because I started making new friends and didn’t even talk to her. The misunderstanding was all over, but the things that had already happened could not be solved, so I felt that I was in the same relationship with my best friend just like how Agnes and Honey was. This story could be told to all ages and not to a limited age, it talks about friendship, trust, and most important, holding onto your friend.
Renegade President or Trailblazer buy essay help: buy essay help
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. Jackson was viewed as renegade President due to his loyalty to the common man. He opposed the wealthy men of America that controlled the government. His first rebellion against the wealthy men of America was relieving them of their jobs in government through Spoils System. His renegade attitude caused him to act immorally toward the Native Americans by removing them from their homes for the nation’s expansion.
Lastly, his beliefs that the national bank was in favour of the of the typical wealthy elite of America led him to set a goal to destroy the national bank. Therefore, the Spoils System, the policies against Native Americans and the goal set out to destroy the Bank of USA made Andrew Jackson a renegade President. Andrew Jackson was seen as the voice of the people a quality many politicians of his time did not possess. This instantly classified him as a renegade among his political peers. Also, he believed that average American should play a role in a democratic government.
Ultimately, president Andrew Jackson decided to lead the support in a system called the Spoils System. The system worked as a benefit to the common man of America. The Spoils System marked the process of firing experienced and qualified government employees from their jobs in place of average Americans, that were supporters of President Jackson. Many government officials questioned his bias decisions and were outraged by President Jackson’s decision. However, Jackson stood by his beliefs by claiming that the Spoils System was democratic because in put the general public of America first.
The following quote further explains what was previously stated. “it put an end to a permanent, no elected office- holding class. Because government jobs were so plain and simple, they could easily be rotated at will and given to supporters. ” (Appleby et al, 224). It was for those reason, that make the Spoils System a controversial decision that makes President Jackson a renegade. Andrew Jackson made a commitment to extend democracy to benefit everyone, apparently everyone did not involve the Native Americans. In order to move emocracy westward Jackson had to find a way to move the Native Americans out of those locations needed to extend democracy.
As a result, came the Indian Removal Act, which was an act to relocate Native American in order, to expand democracy westward. President Jackson presented this act to congress. Unfortunately for Jackson congress did not pass it then, he took it up to the Supreme Court where Chief Justice John Marshall opposed the Indian Removal Act. However, President Andrew Jackson stated that in-acted the Indian Removal Act without the consent of congress and the Supreme court.
This act of rebellion by President Jackson led to the Native American genocide called the Trail of Tears. Trail of Tears accounted for 2,000 plus people dead from causes such as starvation and diseases. This decision by Andrew Jackson was the darkest moment in his term as President. President Jackson’s biggest obstacle he faced as a president was his ongoing fight to destroy the first and second Bank of USA. The reason why he wanted to destroy the bank was due to him regarding that the Bank was a monopoly that benefited the wealthy.
President Jackson believed that the bank did not benefit farmers for its policies and heavily Favoured the Northeast States oppose over the Southern and Western states. Lastly, Andrew Jackson wanted to put an end to the bank of USA because the bank had too much influence over congress. Sadly, his goal was never reached because the government supported industrial and commercial development. Andrew Jackson was a renegade president. He was a renegade because he wanted to involve average Americans in government through the Spoils System.
Andrew Jackson was a renegade because he went behind the country’s back and initiated a genocide of Native Americans. President Jackson was a renegade because he wanted to destroy the Bank of USA so that it benefit the common American. Although, President Jackson was a renegade, he was not a renegade for no reason. Andrew Jackson’s purpose of being a renegade President was to give the average American a voice in everything concerning the nation. Therefore, Andrew Jackson was a renegade President to support the average Americans.
Summary of Attitude That Attract Success college essay help: college essay help
He is also the president of New Hope International, a ministry dedicated to developing emerging leaders to plant twenty-first-century churches. The author of Doing Church as a Team. Wayne has planted churches in the continental United States, Guam, Samoa, Japan, the Philippines and Europe. He travels extensively as a speaker, recording artist and church consultant. Wayne and his wife, Anna, live in Hawaii with their children, Amy, Aaron, and Abigail. Summary: The book “Attitudes that Attracts Success” is a book of inspiration and knowledge about how our attitude can attract success.
Wayne Cordeiro emphasized the advantages of those people who have good attitude than those who have a broken attitude. It is like finding two people who attended the same school, had the same teachers, shop at the same store, live in the same city and even attend in the same church. One struggles and the other is successful. Why? It is all because of attitude. Our attitude is important because it is the one which drives our lives. In this book, Wayne Cordeiro enlisted the things that we need to do to be able to improve our attitude that can attract success.
Each chapter contains different inspirational stories that are connected to the main topic. The first chapter was entitled “Make Your Choice”. The Sermon on the Mount – perhaps Jesus’ most famous sermon – addresses our attitudes. Theologians have called this series of teachings the Beatitudes. His lesson could be summed up this way: “Your attitudes will determine what you will be. ” Jesus knew that developing a correct perspective on life was critically important to our lives and to our ministries, and so He spoke first and often on that very topic.
In fact, before Jesus taught His disciples about miracles, discipleship or how to deal with the Pharisees, He taught them about attitudes. Every phrase of the Beatitude deals with building right attitudes because they become the lamp of the body, the very way we see and interpret the world around us. An interesting scientific theorem states that if your basic premise is inaccurate, then every subsequent conclusion thereafter will also be inaccurate. What this means is that if you are solving a math problem and you begin by determining 2+2 = 5, then all of your following calculations will be incorrect.
Likewise, if my core attitudes and perspectives toward life and people are skewed, and then I too will experience massacre after massacre in the form of devastated relationships, foiled expectations and broken dreams. Jesus knew that from the core of our beings, we need to develop a right attitude toward life. Let our eyes and attitude be clear and every conclusion that we will have will have a potential for success. Believing that you can change is the main topic that was tackled on the second chapter of the book. No one has given an unalterable attitude. We are all capable to change but it is up to us.
We are the one who is going to decide if how we are going to approach life and develop that kind of attitude. A new attitude doesn’t happen on its own. We must develop it, and the sooner we begin the better. Some people hide behind the excuse that they just can’t change: “I’ve been this way since I was a kid, and I’m not about to change now. ” It’s never too late to change. Change is indispensable to growth. If you stop changing, you stop growing. And if you stop growing, you’re in trouble. What do you call a tree that has stopped growing? That’s right, dead. It’s no different with people.
When they stop growing, they start dying. Some people stopped growing years ago. We might not bury them until they have stopped moving, but they really died years ago. You can change your attitude. When we refuse to change and resist God’s leading, life can become pretty miserable. Nevertheless, many times we won’t change until the pain of remaining the same becomes greater than the pain of changing. Failure is not when you get knocked down. Failure is when you refuse to get back up. Don’t hang around the swamps of despair. They will only skew you attitude and impede your resilience.
Learn to bounce back quickly. Our attitude will either protect us or defeat us in the midst of storms. Let us develop our attitude well. Train your eyes to see what is good was emphasized on the third chapter of the book. All our lives, we have trained our eyes to see what is bad. From an early age, we have been training ourselves incorrectly. We get up and read the morning newspaper over breakfast, getting our minimum daily requirement of bad news. On the way to work, we stop by the newsstand and by the latest issue of a newspaper so we can find out what’s wrong with the world. We have to retrain our eyes.
The reason is this: Whatever we’re looking for is what we will see. That’s how God made us. If we are looking for something good, we will see what is good. If we are always looking for what is wrong with people, what we will see is everything that is wrong. One way to cultivate staying power is to change your definition of an event or circumstance. After all, the way in which you define your circumstances will determine, to a large degree, how you will respond to that event. Let us consider it all joy, and watch our faith grow. Chapter four was all about raising the bar of excellence.
Developing our attitude is like developing our skill on a musical instrument- it takes consistent practice to improve. Let us do something to excel more. Realize the potential inside you. God does not insist that we raise the bar a foot at a time. One inch is fine. This means incrementally increasing your abilities. Keep improving yourself for the sake of the kingdom of God, whether it be the depth of your faith, the way you treat people or the way you think. Improve this by 1 percent every day, and the potential God has placed in you will begin to emerge. But first, you must be willing to raise the bar.
Play the right background music was discussed on the book’s fifth chapter. God created every human being with a built-in surround-sound music system. It resembles the on-hold music you hear when you’re waiting to talk to your doctor or the music wafts through the mall to entice you to buy more. Our internal music is composed of the thoughts we think over and over. These include selected memories – maybe something our parents once told to us, a word of encouragement from a teacher or the way we felt when we weren’t picked to be on the team or to be someone’s best friend.
As we dwell on memories, experiences and thoughts, they are recorded on the soundtrack of our minds and play continuously all day long. Whatever you play on this internal sound system affects everything about you- your attitude, your self-image, your confidence level, your relationships, the way you communicate with others and even your faith. Each of us gets to determine what music we are going to play. You are a disc jockey, choosing your own theme songs. Doesn’t that seem wonderful? We get to play the music of our choice to accompany us all throughout the day.
We can choose from every grand sound track, opera or melodious composition ever written! The reality is that most of us make some very odd musical choices. Some of our tapes and CDs have deep scratches on them. Some are so old, they’re like the 78-rpm vinyl records of decades ago- old songs, old experiences that should long have been forgotten or forgiven. You are the disc jockey. What is your playlist? You get to make the selections, so choose wisely! If your thinking is poor, so will your perspective be. And if your perspective is poor, so will your decisions be.
Protect yourself well, guarding your thought-life and stewarding all that goes on in your mind. Then you will be able to stand your ground against Satan, against becoming a people of the lie. And when everything is done, you will be left standing, victorious. In the sixth chapter, it was said that we must practice, practice, and practice! As with learning any sport or musical instrument, the more you practice developing an attitude of excellence, the more proficient you’ll become at it. Learning to develop a good attitude doesn’t happen by accident. It needs to be intentional and deliberate- nothing less.
You first attempts may seem awkward, but keep practicing. Practice the virtue of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self- control. Take time to practice these characters and qualities God wants to build in you and express through you. The more you practice these things, the more fruitful you’ll be in your attitude, business, ministry, and family. Never give up was emphasized on the seventh chapter. Let us all agree on one thing: Every one of us will have the dubious honor of being and receiving end of life’s setbacks- frequently.
We all experience speed bumps in life. Suffering is inevitable, but misery is an option. Suffering will change you, but not necessarily for the better. You can let your setbacks become stumbling blocks or make them stepping stones. Life can make us bitter or better. All of us have stumbled, and many of us have often run the wrong way. But God is not done with us. Granted, there will be a few fumbles and misguided moves on the fields of our lives. Still, He prods us back into the game. He believes in us. The game is not over yet! The prerequisite for restoration is not performance; it is love.
Love will always be God’s highest test. Don’t put a magnifying glass on failure. Put your magnifying glass on love, and it will help you see things the way Jesus does. That’s always the best way to look at things. Finish well. We have only one life to live for Jesus on this earth, and it will soon be over. Time passes quickly. It is like rewinding a videotape: the closer it gets to home, the faster it goes! So it is with each of us. Don’t live with a squandered life. Since you have only one life to give, live it well. What separates a futile life from a fruitful one?
Your attitude will be the difference between existing and living. Your most important life decision will be your choice of whether or not to follow Jesus Christ. Your choice to open your heart to Him will be the most eternal decision you will ever make. If you have not done that, don’t hesitate for another moment. There is no greater choice than to choose Him to be the Lord in your life, no matter how many possessions you own, how much money you have made or how much power you have accumulated. Just because you are a Christian does not guarantee fruitfulness.
Anyone can develop an attitude that attracts success. You don’t have to be a world-famous evangelist to shine. Just start by shining your light to those around you every day. And what is the beacon through which your light will shine to those around you? Your extraordinary attitude! Each of us can live an extraordinary life with an attitude of excellence, but it must be diligently cultivated. Here are some keys of building extraordinary attitude: Aim for the right target. An attitude that attracts success begins with knowing which opportunities to accept and which to reject.
This way you will begin to develop not just an existence but a life that is about answering God’s call every single day. Remember, first aim for the right target. What are you aiming for? What is your goal? That will determine the race you run. Run the right race. God sets a different race before each and every one of us. You cannot run someone else’s race; you can only run your own. If you run the wrong race, you’ll end up at the wrong finish line. Understand what satisfies your soul. Contentment cannot be acquired directly. Rather, it is a by- product of a life that is focused on the right things.
Truly content people are those whose aim in life is something much bigger than attaining mere contentment alone. If your sole aim is to acquire possessions and money in order to be comfortable and content, then contentment will be as elusive as butterfly. Learn to understand what satisfies your soul; otherwise, you will never develop an attitude of true contentment. You’ll always be looking for a good time but never finding it. Make contentment an inside job. Contentment is vital in developing an extraordinary attitude. It’s the final critical key in our process. Each of these four keys seems simple, but each is eternally priceless.
Remember, start off right by aiming for the right target, the one God has for you as you “run your particular race to win”. The next step is just to do it. Run the right race. The last two go hand in hand. Understand what satisfies your soul, and do so by learning contentment. With these keys in hand, you’ll be able to run your race and finish well! The last chapter is all about going back to the source. Your attitude, in essence, is the expression of your faith and the display of your character. The bottom line of developing an attitude that attracts success is not simply found in positive thinking. We must go beyond a positive outlook.
God is the only one who can change the human heart. The government can’t, money won’t and ideal circumstances don’t. Without God, our efforts will be futile at best. Developing a world-class attitude takes decisiveness, commitment, perseverance and willingness to be effective at this thing called life. Your attitude is, in essence, the expression of your faith and the display of your character. It is not simply the result of positive thinking. It is the result of Jesus Christ’s working in your life moment to moment and your cooperation with His instructions. The Bible is our attitude instruction manual.
When God’s word fills our minds, we can’t help but to develop a better attitude. We all will have two teachers in life: the teacher of wisdom and the teacher of consequences. Both are tremendous teachers, and you will learn from both. There is a price that must be paid to be enrolled in each class. However, the price that must be paid for the teaching of consequences can cost you everything you have. For some, it has cost them years; others have paid with their future, and for still others, it has cost them their families. You will have no doubt learned from consequences, but she can be a cruel taskmaster.
Wisdom, on the other hand, comes from lessons learned vicariously through others consequences. You can learn from others’ experiences without having to go through the pain yourself. But there is a price for obtaining wisdom as well, because wisdom requires you to develop something called discipline. When you would rather get angry than be patient, discipline is painful! When you want to tell someone off but you know it would be wiser to let it go, this also can be painful. Be aware that the pain of discipline will cost you pennies, whereas the pain of regret can cost you millions.
Wisdom can come from many different sources. We can learn a great deal by experiencing every new thing firsthand and feeling pangs of consequences, but they may not be the best way. Experience can be a good teacher, but wisdom is far more desirable. Prayer is the time for making an attitude adjustment. Prayer is one more elusive exercise in a Christian’s life. It’s a bit like watering a plant: You may not see immediate results, but if the discipline of prayer is neglected, the consequences can be disastrous. Prayer must be a habit- a daily habit. Developing attitude that attracts success is a choice.
The most important decision you will ever make in life is your decision to follow Jesus Christ. This decision will determine the eternity of your life. The second most important decision you’ll make will be the attitude with which you will follow the Lord. This decision will determine the quality of your life. Never stop learning. Make it a lifelong goal. Discover new truths and insights that will awaken your spirit. New horizons will help you to look ahead and focus on your potential rather than on your problems, on your future rather than on your failures.
Here are three ways that adopting and maintaining a positive attitude will create more opportunities than you ever thought possible: 1) A positive attitude will help you recognize opportunities as they appear in your life. It’s important to understand that all sorts of opportunities surround you every day, but most of them pass by unnoticed. The ones that we do notice are the ones that are in alignment with our attitudes. There’s no “magic” to it, really… just a matter of focus. If you maintain a positive attitude, you will naturally notice people, opportunities, and circumstances that have the potential to positively affect your life.
Conversely, if you adopt a negative attitude, the only circumstances and people you will notice are negative ones. Either way, those things that are not in alignment with our attitudes are “filtered out” by our minds. To use a rather mundane example – have you ever been car shopping, and thinking of buying a particular model (for this example, let’s say a Honda Accord)? Chances are, it probably didn’t take long before you started seeing Accords everywhere. You noticed them in traffic, you saw them in parking lots, you encountered advertisements for Accords… uddenly they seemed to be everywhere you looked!
Now, did a swarm of Honda Accords really start placing themselves where you would see them? Of course not! They were there all along, but you just started noticing them when your mind was focused on the possibility of purchasing an Accord. People, opportunities, and circumstances work in much the same way. When you adopt a positive attitude, you’ll start noticing positive opportunities and people. They were there all along, but you didn’t see them until you changed your mental focus.
If you did see them, you probably didn’t notice the potential they had to positively affect your life. 2) A positive attitude attracts positive people. We naturally gravitate toward people who exude happy, positive vibes. Given the choice, would you rather spend the day with someone who saw the world as being full of possibilities, or with someone who moped around and blamed everyone and everything around them for their failures and unhappiness? Attracting the company of positive people will open up even more opportunities for success.
The people who gravitate to you will be open to helping you – making a contact for you, inviting you to an enriching event, lending their efforts to help you achieve your goals – simply because you have lifted their spirits with your positive energy! 3) A positive attitude will give you more energy and allow you to accomplish more. Worry, anger, self-pity, and other negative emotions are HUGE energy drains – how easy is it to get out of bed in the morning and attend to the activities that will contribute to your success, when you’re feeling sorry for yourself and dwelling on all of the negative aspects of your life?
A positive attitude makes the difference between dragging yourself out of bed, even more tired than when you went to bed, and springing out of bed before the alarm goes off, ready to meet the opportunities each day has to offer. The extra energy you get from maintaining a positive attitude lets you work more efficiently, take on new activities, and create the circumstances for your own success. And when it’s time to turn in for the night, you’ll feel even better knowing that every action you took throughout the day contributed to that success.
Ready to create your own proof? Then try this simple exercise: Decide for one day that you’re going to maintain a positive attitude – no matter what. You don’t have to worry about “how” – simply making the committed decision to spend one day with a positive mental focus will take care of the “how”. When negative thoughts arise (and they will), acknowledge them and let them go. Don’t judge them – this will only serve to facilitate further negative thinking, because you’ll mentally “beat yourself up” for having the negative thoughts in the first place.
Instead, view them as if you’re watching a television commercial, or looking at a billboard. This helps you emotionally separate from your negative thoughts, so you can easily let them go. Doing this only leaves room in your day for positive thoughts. Your day doesn’t have to be perfectly positive – in fact, even the most positive people still encounter negative emotions and thought patterns – but making the mental commitment to maintain a positive focus will place you far ahead of people who allow them to constantly be mired in negative thinking.
More than any other factor, the condition of your attitude will determine the quality of your relationships with other people, whether you can turn a problem into a blessing or whether you become a victim of defeat or a student of success. The simple fact that attitude “makes” some while “breaking” others is a significant enough reason for us to explore how it works and how it is cultivated. The attitude we develop will cause us to see life either as a series of opportunities or in terms of our probabilities for failure.
How a person defines life’s events will do more than anything else to determine his or her potential for success in life. How true it is that you are one attitude away from a bright future! III. ANALYSIS This book is for leaders, businesspeople, homemakers and young people. No matter what our background is or what our occupation may be, the principles of this book can transform our lives and relationships. The only prerequisite is that we’ll be an avid student of life. Many people are not that far from a life of joy and success.
Just a few adjustments and life would come loud and clear for them. Like a radio that’s not tuned quite right, the music can be heard but it’s full of static and fades in and out. A small turn of the dial would recalibrate the frequency by just a few hertz. Then, all of a sudden, the scratchy signal is transformed into a stereophonic symphony of sound. Our attitude is where that small adjustment must be made. Attitude can mean difference between success and failure. Someone once said that the difference between people is very small, but that very small difference is very big indeed!
Living a life of joy and success is something God has already wired into our design. God has planned our future to be one of success. He takes no joy or glory in a mediocre life. Fruitfulness is what God wants for each of us, and He’s ready to help us achieve it! Just like what Wayne Cordeiro said, “Our attitude is like a fragrance that we carry around with us. The difference is that skunks carry a bad odor while a beautiful Hawaiian plumeria blossom carries a fragrance. Whether we like it or not, each of us carries one of the above.
We are the one who are going to choose which odor we are going to carry. ” We are what we are today because of our past experiences. This was included in Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical theory. He also believed that our past experiences motivate us. On the other hand, in the individual psychology of Alfred Adler, he believed that our dreams and our future are our motivation. These theories are applicable in this book because our past experiences and our future or dreams are our motivation to have a good attitude that can be a key to success.
Art Is a Lie That Brings Us Nearer to the Truth essay help services: essay help services
Art is different from most areas of knowledge primarily in terms of its objective and also the means by which it reflects, transforms and expresses them. For art, like philosophy, reflects the reality in its relationship with man, and represents the latter, his spiritual world, and the relations between the individuals and their interactions with the world. Pablo Picasso was known for representing his work in a non-realistic manner. However, the audience could relate to his works; Guernica is an example of his success, since it represented the tragedies of war, which the audience could sympathize with.
Hence, we shall ask if by distorting our perception to reality, how art is a lie and how it brings us nearer to the truth? As a result, we will discuss three main points of the Picasso’s quote; art, lies and reality. Then, this will be highlighted with the effect of art in Ethics and, through pertinent examples; we will emphasize the distinction between ethics and art. Finally, we will analyze Picasso’s quote in relation to literature and visual art in contrast to his art. Firstly, how can we assess this quote in relation to art? And what does Picasso mean by the lies and the truth?
First, we need to understand that art is an imitation of reality. Indeed, Picasso was an impressionist who produced this imitation with his cubist methods, which was a new form of art as a development of illusionism, and this was the reason why Picasso had denounced art as a lie. On the other hand, the full quote from Picasso was: We all know that art is not truth. Art is a lie that makes us realize truth, at least the truth that is given us to understand. The artist must know the manner whereby to convince others of the truthfulness of his lies. Zayas) Indeed, not only did Picasso distinguish that the artist had to make art seem like a lie that helped us come nearer to the truth, but he also knew that the arts had to do this in a way that the latter’s manipulation would give the effect of a lie to then justify the art’s link to the truth. Moreover, the truth can be found if someone questions the impact of a work of art on its surrounding. Therefore, the question defines the understanding of a person in the arts through the subjective perspective of the latter.
In the work The Glass Menagerie, the opening monologue of Tom Wingfield is almost identical to Picasso’s ideology: Yes, I have tricks in my pocket, I have things up my sleeve. But I am the opposite of a magician. He gives you illusion that has the appearance of truth. I give you truth in the pleasant disguise of illusion. (The Glass Menagerie, Scene I) Clearly, if both the latter quote and Picasso’s are put in parallel, we may deduce that art does not tell the truth as it is. Moreover, art distorts the truth in order to highlight certain aspects. In order to communicate an idea, the artist must represent some tricks and ignore others.
Therefore, art is not straightforward in an objective manner, but it is certain that it shows the truth that was not as obvious at first. So, the lie helps art convey and evoke particular emotions through the artist for the audience. Henceforth, can we acknowledge artistic expression as the lie revealing the truth? Not only is artistic expression an expression that evokes the dreams and imaginations of a person, but also if an artist feels certain emotions about something, instead of just describing it, he will create a world, a story or piece of music, in the case of Picasso a painting, where there is the evocation of his own emotions.
For example, Charles Dickens wrote David Copperfield, which is a fictionalized autobiography so that he could express his own personal experiences. So it is a lie, but due to the fact that the emotion is genuine and subjective in itself, the lie brings the audience closer to the truth in order to feel the artist’s emotion, in this case Dickens’. For a musician, it is known that when an artist is involved in his work and gets lost in it, he is not aware of most of what he or she creates, it depends on his subconscious, as the emotions come from it.
Consequently, if an artist analyses his own work after finishing it, on one hand, can reveal a new truth in order to understand him or herself and, on the other hand, the audience can learn a new aspect of truth with a lie that the artist had created. But even if a lie opens one’s eyes to the world, whether it is the audience or the arts, does art reflect the artist’s thoughts or are they influenced by facts and current events? Since art is, in effect, an imitation of reality, the realistic movement in literature proves to be one of the most important movements to show life as it is in a work.
In particular, Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is one of the best examples to demonstrate that the realistic movement does this. And although the work had great success in France, it raised much debate concerning ethics since it criticized the 19th century French woman and also represented them in a vulgar way. Therefore, Flaubert was considered controversial in his work, which calls into question the degree of freedom given to artists in a society. Indeed, this limitation adds to the lies of art. Furthermore, to what extent are ethics limited when one gets closer to the reasonable truth in relation to the arts?
The reasonable truth in art can be determined only by the artist himself, ensuring that the ethical interpretation is always subjective even if a person tries to be objective in his or her interpretation. Take for example, the exhibition of Gunther Von Hagens – the Bodyworlds. Von Hagens is an anatomist who tried to create art using unclaimed bodies, he puts them in positions of everyday life and yet his art was only recognized after an ethical shock that was to such an extent that his art refused to be exposed in Paris.
Moreover, Hagens removes the skin from the bodies to prevent racial separation of the latter by his audience. On the one hand, we find that people still culturally tied refuse such a technique of art, placing it as a desecration, due to their respect for the dead. On the other hand, Gunther Von Hagens could be accepted in the future as a pioneer who changed art, as we know it. Therefore, the reason of the “ethics of art” depends purely on the emotional perception, due to cultural attachment, of the person who is subject to the work of art.
However, can art, as a domain of emotion, be related to any domain in the world? Of course, art can be found in everything that surrounds us. Since contemporary art, it looms that “anything” can be classified as art. But even if anything can be art, this does not mean that the latter’s artistic message will be well received. It depends on the level to which the audience shall appreciate the art, and it is because of this that contemporary art is still a controversial subject.
In addition, compared to areas of knowledge, to what extent is art related to the truth suggested by Pablo Picasso? As already explained, the truth of art is achieved through an understanding of a work and that is why the relationship between ways of knowing and art related in a subjective way because, ethically, each person has his or her own thinking. Thus, even if a person thinks in a mathematical perspective, he or she will try to frame the art in an absolute truth, but will always be limited by what brings them closer to this reality.
Finally, to what extent is art a lie bringing us nearer to the truth, why is it so abstract when it binds the different types of art from the truth? Two types of art can be distinguished: Literature and Visual Arts. In literature, we often find that authors writing their works under the influence of external factors affecting his subconscious. However, there are exceptions such as the latters’ biographical novels, fantasy, etc. But compared to Picasso’s quote, all literary works have this concept of a lie that reveals the truth.
An example would be the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell. By, using allegory to tell his story, he manages to criticize the situation in the USSR during the Cold War. This lie is a truth disguised as animals, which is the reason that this novel allows us to conclude that art is a lie that brings us nearer to the truth. Furthermore, in visual art, lies used depend on the manipulation of the artist. But, particularly, in abstract art, the manipulation of shapes that the audience recognize aides in hiding the truth by an ambiguous lie.
It is through this lie that art could be appreciated. To conclude, we can see through the various examples used that art shows us something that have not already realized, and it is due to this notion that Pablo Picasso declares such a quote. Indeed, the latter is reflected in all fields of art and its difference with ethics is not far away. However, instead of distinguishing this truth directly as in ethics, it is best to keep in art the hidden truth to be better noticed and valued because the lie bringing the audience nearer to the truth is what gives art it’s true significance.
Mock Trial college essay help: college essay help
They would never have been able to accomplish this without the help of the amazing coaches and the dedication of the students. The members of that team graduated last year and the younger kids have to step up and take their place. The team only has three coaches and around thirty members this year, three times more members than the team had three years ago. Only seven of these members have been in mock trial in previous years.
Every year the Minnesota State Bar Association comes up with a case for the mock trial competitions. Every year the teams have to learn a completely new case, with different arguments. Every year the coaches have to teach students what took them two to four years to learn in law school. With only three coaches, how are they ever going to be able to teach thirty students the concepts of mock trial? The team needs two separate teams, one high school and one middle school team and more coaches. Jim Dunn is the assistant County Attorney and somehow finds time in his busy work schedule to coach.
The second coach, Allison Krehbiel, is the Nicollet County Judge and allows the team to use her court room and other rooms in the court house for practice. Mr. Warren, the third coach keeps the team running by taking care of the scheduling and dealing with the school. All of the coaches have families to get home to and practices already go until six. Adding more time to practices would take away time from their families and take away much needed homework time from the students. Time is money, the more you spend the less you have. By adding more coaches each member will get the one on one time needed and practices will run more efficiently.
The members that have been in mock trial previous years, know more than people who are just joining. Since the team doesn’t have enough coaches, old members are forced to learn at the same pace as new members. The older members are at a more competitive level and need to be able to extend their knowledge past the basics that the younger members are at. To become good at mock trial, one needs the knowledge and wisdom of Athena. This takes time and dedication. By getting the time the older members need with the coaches, they can become a better team. A member of a team that makes it to state has to be in ninth grade or older to compete.
By splitting the team up into a middle and a high school team this rule would never be a problem. The middle and high school teams would be able to learn at a pace, most comfortable for them. Last year, the middle school members never got to actually compete. The new members competed at scrimmages early in the year and never felt prepared for the trials. They felt embarrassed, discouraged, and intimidated by not being ready for these trials. Starting the year off like that made them not want to try hard during practices and led to goofing off in the court house. Using the court house is a privilege and not a right.
If the team is kicked out of the court house they will have to find a new area to practice and nothing can compare to the courtrooms that they are able to use. Mock Trial without a courtroom is like an opening without an argument, pointless. Every member needs to be respectful of the space and try to leave it better than how they found it. The coach’s time, the students’ talent, and the school’s treasure, will help this year’s team. By having two separate teams and hiring more coaches the Saint Peter Mock Trial Team can have another successful year. Thank you for your time.
Elevation Speech argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online
I was talking to my mother last week on Thursday about how my online schooling works. She was asking me questions like do you just turn in your homework and that’s you participating and do you get any type of help from teachers when you may need it or have a question. I explained to her first what threaded discussion was which I told her that is how us as students talk to our teachers and classmates about assignments and issues.
By me telling her about the threads answered her question about getting help from teachers. I also went into detail about how we have different types of forums for different threads and how the forums are for Asynchronous Communication. I talked about the main forum and how it is used for class discussion which is our participation in class.
Then I went into what the chat room is used for which I explained it is used for when we have questions for our classmates and teachers when talking about assignments and what not. I also explained how our own individual forum is for when we turn in assignments that aren’t class discussion assignment, where our teacher gives us our feedback, and where we can ask our teacher personal questions regarding grades, ect.
I also explained to her how participation and attendance are very important with online classes and it is part of our grade just as a regular class environment would be. I also told her how attendance is not counted as participation. Participation is when you give feedback to other classmates with class discussion assignments at least three times a week to two classmates each day and you have to check in at least two days out of the week to be counted for good attendence.
I talked about how I liked the online schooling a lot more because of how much smoother things are and you can be logged in at seven o’clock at night and might have a classmate logged in at the same time so if you were to have questions you could ask then. Also because all your assignments you will have right in front of you and can do your work ahead of time if needed because you know you might have a busy schedule the next week.
River Skipper Dear Professor Anderson cheap mba definition essay help: cheap mba definition essay help
Little Johnny, with his new toy, the River Skipper boat. According to Lord Greene, Little Johnny likes to play around the center of the Greene Hilly estate, near the South Bridge. He has to release his boat somewhere along the Raging River and Lord Greene wants to suggest that he put it near the South Bridge and then retrieve the boat at the North Bridge. However, Lord Greene is concerned if Little Johnny will reach the North Bridge in time to retrieve the boat from the river.
Therefore, we need to find out how fast Little Johnny has to travel to retrieve the boat, whether it be in a straight path through the woods or along the driveway. Also, Lord Greene’s engineers informed us about the velocity setting that is currently being used for the River Skipper, V1 (x) = 1+5 cos2 x2, but they are also considering to use V2 (x) = 5 cos2 x2. Our primary objective is to find the fastest rate for Little Johnny to travel to the North Bridge and to also find his rate if he were to travel along the driveway. To find his rate, we will use the formula distance = rate x time.
However, the difficulty of this problem is finding the time that it takes the River Skipper to get from the South Bridge to the North Bridge with each velocity setting. Finding the time is difficult because the rate of the River Skipper is always changing at each position. To overcome this difficulty, we found the area under the curve of the Raging River and subdivided it into smaller intervals. This overcomes the difficulty because the rate is considered to be fairly constant within each smaller piece of area and results in an approximation of the rate of the River Skipper.
First, we used the distance between two points formula (x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2 to find the distance between the South Bridge and the North Bridge to determine Little Johnny’s straight path. Additionally, we used the arc length formula 1+(f? x)2 to determine the distance along the driveway. Following that, we subdivided the Raging River (y = sinx) into 1000 intervals between the South Bridge (0,0) and the North Bridge (0. 877, 0. 769). The distance of each interval was found by using the distance between two points formula and the right endpoint of each interval was used for the position.
The position of each interval was inputted into each of the velocity settings. Then, the distance between two points of each interval was divided by each of the velocity settings using position as a function of x. Using this formula, 1000 intervals were summed together resulting in the time that it took the River Skipper to travel along each interval. Using the calculated time of the River Skipper and the distances of the two different paths, we used r = d/t to find the rate that Little Johnny had to travel.
As a result, the distance between the South Bridge and the North Bridge through the woods, in a straight path, is 1. 7 and along the driveway is 1. 22. The total time that it took the River Skipper to travel by using the first velocity setting is 0. 216 and for the second velocity setting is 0. 267. Therefore, using the first velocity setting, Little Johnny would run in a straight path at a rate of 5. 42 and along the driveway, he would run at a rate of 5. 65. Using the second velocity setting, he would run in a straight path at a rate of 4. 39 and along the driveway at a rate of 4. 57.
Distance between South Bridge and North Bridge * Straight Path – 1. 17 * Along Driveway – 1. 22 * Total travelling time of River Skipper V1 – 0. 216 * V2 – 0. 267 * Rate of Little Johnny using V1 * Straight Path – 5. 42 * Along Driveway – 5. 65 * Rate of Little Johnny using V2 * Straight Path – 4. 39 * Along Driveway – 4. 57 Overall, we feel that Little Johnny would run faster in a straight path through the woods at a rate of 4. 39 with the River Skipper set at the second velocity setting. In doing so, Little Johnny will be able to reach the North Bridge before his boat arrives. Also, if he were to travel along the driveway, he would have to run faster to retrieve his boat since his rate would be.
Climax Community college essay help service: college essay help service
An area of the forest that experiences very little change in species composition is a climax community/primary succession. Climax community 2. The amount of oxygen in a fish tank is a tolerance zone/limiting factor that affects the number of fish that can live in the tank. Limiting factor 3. Ecological succession/Secondary succession describes the events that take place on a hillside that has experienced a destructive mudslide. Ecological succession 4. Lack of iron in the photic zone of the open ocean restricts the size of the plankton populations.
Iron is what kind of factor for marine plankton? C. limiting 5. According to the graph, which letter represents the zone of tolerance for the factor in question? D. D 6. What does the letter “D” in the graph represent? A. zone of tolerance 7. Which letter represents the zone of physiological stress? C. C 8. Which is a place you most likely would find pioneer species growing? D. newly formed volcano 9. Career in Biology A state parks and wildlife department stocks several bodies of water, including rivers and lakes, with rainbow trout.
The trout survive, but do not reproduce. In terms of tolerance, discuss what might be happening. They maybe limited by the temperature of the water they live in. 10. Short Answer Describe how the successional stages would differ from primary succession. 11. Open Ended Explain why the concepts of limiting factors and tolerance are important in ecology. They are important because theses factor might help explain why the population of a species is decreasing or increasing. 12. Infer whether species diversity increases or decreases after a fire on a grassland. Explain your response.
Increase because after a fire perennial grasses and herb are not eliminated to their underground stem, which means that the wildlife will continue to flourish. 13. Generalize the difference between a successional stage and a climax community. 14. The condition of the atmosphere. Weather 15. The average conditions in an area. Climate 16. A biome characterized by evaporating exceeding precipitation. Desert 17. Which best describes the distribution of communities on a tall mountain? B. Several communities might be stratified according to altitude and might end in an ice field at the top of the highest mountains. 8. Which area receives the least amount of solar energy per unit of surface area? 19. What is the name for the large geographic areas with similar climax communities?
Which biome occurs in the United States and once contained huge herds of grazing herbivores? C. grassland 21. Which land biome contains the greatest species diversity? D. tropical rain forest 22. Open Ended Describe a biome that might be found in the shaded are below. Tropical seasonal forest would be a biome that might be found in the shaded area. 3. Open Ended In December 2004, a huge iceberg caused a large number of penguin chicks to die of starvation. Ice shelves broke apart in areas where the air temperature increased. The parents of the penguins cut off their food source. How is this an example of temperature limiting factor. The air temperature increased which caused the penguins to die stopping the numbers and distribution. 24. Suggest why land biomes are classified according to their plant characteristics rather than according to the animal that inhabit them.
I think they are classified by plants and not animals because the kind of plants growing there will determine what type of animal would survive in the area. 25. Classify a biome that is warm to hot in the summer and cool or cold in the winter and that receives approximately 50-8 cm of precipitation annually. Temperate grassland. 26. A(n) area where freshwater and saltwater meet provides a habitat for a diversity of organisms. An estuary provides a habitat for a diversity of organisms. 27. The well-lit portion of the ocean is the area where all of the photosynthetic organisms live.
The limnetic zone is the area where all of the photosynthetic organisms live. 28. The shoreline of the ocean contains communities that are layered depending on how long they are submerged by tides. The intertidal zone contains communities that are layered depending on how long they are submerged by tides. 29. Where is the largest percentage of water located? C. oceans 30. In which area of the lake is there likely to be the greatest diversity of plankton?
Which best describes the intertidal zone on rocky shore? B. he communities are adapted to shifting sands due to incoming waves 32. Short Answer How is light a limiting factor in oceans? As depth increases light decreases so organisms that require light to survive are unable to live in the cold, dark areas of oceans. 33. Short Answer Describe characteristics of an estuary. A place of transition from freshwater to saltwater and from land to sea. 34. Open Ended Describe adaptations of an organism living in the abyssal zone of the ocean. They had to adapt to the cold temperature also make an adaptation to the type of food they eat.
Course Reflection college application essay help: college application essay help
Consider the themes we discussed and movies we watched. What have you learned throughout the course? Is there anything that was a surprise to you – something you hadn’t considered or realized? Have you changed or grown? Have you come further on your spiritual journey over the last two months? I love anything that deals about religion and culture, everyone does, I hope. Though I enjoy religious studies classes I can’t still help but wonder why we have to take them. It’s not that I don’t like it because I surely do.
I just can’t refrain from thinking that there’s lots of courses offered that I would want to take instead of this course. But now that it’s over, I stand corrected, this course is important not futile as I had mistakenly thought. Before I took this course, I’ve said to myself that this must be an easy one. I had been through GMRC (Good Manners and Right Conduct) and Values Education back in my elementary days. It was pretty easy because all I have to do is memorize all the key terms and just remember what we have discussed. And also for this one, I think that there’s no difference.
But to my surprise, RS-15 is distinct from what I’ve taken before. Yes, there is still the memorization part for the terms and stuff but the assignments and projects are kind of new to me. We had little reflections before but never was I able to reflect this much back then. Starting from Unit 1 on how to be a human, the Surviving High School questions were given to us. At first I don’t know what to say and it was hard, I was thinking of just writing on what the teacher would like to read. But that wasn’t what she would like to know. She particularly said that this assignment is a chance for us to be honest and dwell upon ourselves.
It was an assignment to reflect back on our lives. And frankly, I’m hesitant in doing these things. It’s painful to think of the mistakes you’ve done in the past and the hurtful situations you’ve been through. Yet, I have to do this. This course is not only to learn the materials provided but also to know yourself – to seek the truth inside of us. That is the most important thing I’ve learned in this course. From the Surviving High School assignment, the Simon Birch Essay, the Movie Project up to this course reflection, I’ve learned how to be open and sincere with my responses.
Everything that has been taught to us brought me into realizations of important lessons. Starting from the becoming to be a human and its’ principles, the struggles in high school and how to survive out of it, the cultures and diversity, the stories about God and the kingdom of God, and last but not the least world religions, their similarities and differences and acceptance of each and every one. Including the movies that we’ve watched, Simon Birch and Bend it like Beckham, all of them brought life-long lessons.
These lessons have great impact on all us especially those who are and are about to embark on their spiritual journey. What I’ve learned in this course is important in my overall growth. Being honest with yourself is vital in making effective changes in life. Now, I’m looking forward to take another Religious Studies Course. Not only because I have to because I need it to graduate but also because through it I can gain wisdom, enlightenment and even personal power to help me go further with my spiritual journey. I won’t make this essay long as what I’ve done with my previous written responses.
What I would like to say is that this course is really important that I would like everyone in this world to take it. In the span of two months, things are better as I am able to strengthen my relationship with God. Today, I look at life with optimism as what Simon Birch the movie taught me. Despite all the hardships the toil of life brings, we must never lose hope and hold on to our faith for everything has purpose and it will all fall back in line. Religious Studies 15 is over but the things I’ve learned from it will stay with me forever as I proceed on this journey called life.
Heidi Roizen college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx
Using the assigned readings, provide an analysis of Roizen’s network Heidi Roizen’s network is based on a wealth of social capital, or resources in the form of ideas, leads, power, trust, and financial capital. Roizen’s management of her social capital has enabled her to attain professional and personal success by building her networks with individuals from numerous groups. These include her original networks at Tandem – as editor of the company newsletter – developing relationships with the press and joining the board of the Software Publishers Association (SPA), to her high profile role at Apple.
Roizen leveraged her social capital effectively by building and maintaining her networks through performance and consistency during her interactions. She was not just responsive to the requests from her contacts, but she was also consistent in following up with what she said she would do for them. Furthermore, she was productive in creating value for her networks by bridging the gaps between social networks i. e. the so-called “structural holes”. Heidi was a catalyst in bringing ideas and people together where she saw mutual benefit for both parties.
In addition, by filling the “structural holes”, Heidi was able to tap into a vast network of contacts by keeping close relationships with the “nuclei” in certain circles. Roizen was also able to comfortably mix personal and professional relationships. She hosted numerous parties at her home for friends and contacts which was a way to effectively manage her networks. Roizen was able to increase her quality of life by keeping close networks through constant interactions, as Baker has mentioned in his book “Achieving Success thorough Social Capital” 2. What are the strengths of Roizen’s networks at the end of the case? Weaknesses? Strengths
The strengths of Heidi Roizen’s networks at the end of the case are as following: * She has mastered how to maintain her network by filling the “structural holes”, or connecting different social circles together to benefit all parties. Heidi strategically maintained close relationships with the “nuclei” of other social networks so as to easily access weaker ties. * As an emerging venture capitalist, Heidi always responded to budding entrepreneurs who submitted business plans to her, which was a way to build her network organically. She wanted to keep these potential contacts close at hand in case that they would become useful in future.
Weaknesses The weaknesses in Heidi’s networks are the following: * Maintaining networks is a challenge, especially with her work responsibilities at Softbank and domestic responsibilities at home. She receives hundreds of emails every day, which adds stress and delayed responses to her contacts. Furthermore, by hosting fewer parties at her home, she loses the opportunity to effectively maintain her network. * Heidi is unable to have deep, personal relationships with anyone outside her close social circle as her network spans to thousands of contacts.
According to the note by Pfeffer, the transactions between people depend on trust. In order to build the trust, individuals should be tightly connected (p. 5). Heidi’s ability to develop trusting contacts is limited. 3. What steps did Roizen take to develop her network? To maintain it? Roizen secured a high profile role at Apple owning to her experience at T/maker and her role as the president of SPA. As she further expanded her network at Apple, she started to face the challenge of maintaining the ever increasing network.
In spite of fact that she was not in touch with many of her contacts personally, she still felt comfortable picking up the phone and asking them for help. This was possible because she was always consistent and a high-performer. Mark Granovetter wrote in his book “Getting a Job”, that a weak tie may prove to be more useful than stronger ties in the sense that there is more access to diverse information than the latter. Roizen exploited this attribute of network very effectively. Roizen achieved greater career success by bridging the structural gaps in her network, as suggested by Ron Burt of University of Chicago.
This is primarily because companies perceive such individuals to be able to implement new ideas and are more innovative. She was able to connect with senior executives of multinational companies by preparing well before meeting them. The empathy she showed to other’s time made her communication highly efficient. She always followed up all her meetings with an e-mail thanking her connection. Roizen was able to develop a huge network when she was a mentor capitalist. This role afforded her more time to dedicate to building strong personal and professional connections.
One highlight of how she maintained her huge network is by hosting dinner parties. What was unique about these parties is that she invited people such that each invitee knew just about half of the other invitees. This way she created a feeling of familiarity while giving others the opportunity to meet new people. 4. How does your network compare to Roizen’s? To what extent are the differences due to context, structure & personal style? Roizen’s style of developing a social network and generating social capital greatly differs from my own. There are both contextual and style reasons for these differences.
In terms of context, Roizen was fortunate to be immersed in the early stages of the now enormous information technology industry. Simply put, the fact that she was “there” meant that she could make connections with individuals prior to their success, create the framework for ideal social capital creation and learn how these entrepreneurs thought. As she states in the case, it is far easier to make contacts with individuals prior to them becoming famous. She learned how the young Silicon Valley interacted and used this knowledge to her advantage in building social capital.
Stylistically, Roizen and I differ in that I prefer to have fewer, better connected contacts, rather than an enormous range of individuals who I consider to be part of my social network. However, as Pfeffer mentioned in his note2, my approach tends to be less effective. Pfeffer2 argues that weak ties have been empirically observed to be more useful in certain activities, such as finding a new job. Moreover, because the strength of weak contacts is at times borderline arbitrary, it is important to have a high volume in order to see results from this method.
While it’s difficult to argue with the results of the case, I believe that the ability to make a high volume of contacts very much depends on one’s personality. Consequently, I believe that it would be important for me to condition myself to become comfortable with many contacts rather than just a select group. As a result of my personality, my network is smaller and certainly less well connected. 5. What suggestions would you give Roizen for adjusting and maintaining her network? A network of good relationships leads to happiness, satisfaction, and a meaningful life.
After joining Softbank, Roizen realized that her work load was becoming unmanageable and demanding. In order for Roizen to maintain her work life balance the following are suggested. Roizen needs to effectively categorize her network so as to concentrate on the essential ones. At the start of her career (T/Maker and Apple), Roizen’s nature of work required her to maintain a vast and effective network. But now, the same network is becoming a liability. As a venture capitalist Roizen is bombarded with request from her contacts.
Responding to each of these requests is too time consuming. This could be encountered by categorizing the connections as well as “the strength of weak ties” ii Social media (LinkedIn, Facebook etc. ) could be utilized by Roizen to stay in touch with her network at the same time reduce the number of emails. Personalized emails are better way of communicating than a standard note; this could be overcome by sharing industry trends/articles with a likeminded group. In effect Roizen needs to leverage technology to reduce the time commitment for maintaining her huge number of contacts.
Roizen could reduce her workload by hiring assistants, this way a lot of the routine work would be removed leaving her with time to concentrate on other important activities. Roizen should develop a team to review the business plan, instead of going through the entire plan. Roizen would only dwell on the key issues to determine the viability of the project. If the above recommended suggestions are implemented it would reduce the workload of Roizen and provide her with time which could be spent on family and maintaining her network.
Chili and Kamias as Moquito Repellant college essay help online: college essay help online
In our world, the taste of the chili was not famous to some people because it is spicy, hot, and very less aroma when eaten but because of its taste it is later on found out that chili was a good mosquito killer because of its pesticidal property while kamias was also used as spice but it was discovered that it has properties such as astringent, stomachic, refrigerant and antiscorbutic. Other researchers use kamias as wine but in this research the proponents was to test the properties of kamias fruit with chili as a mosquito killer.
This study is done by the researcher to give importance to the chili and kamias fruit. Not just in food, but the researchers wanted to produce a mosquito killer out of them. For all we know that chili has been tested and proven to be the one good ingredient in mosquito killer making and what if it is added by the acidic property of kamias fruit? The researchers wanted to know the effect of the combined property of each fruit. Statement of the Problem
This study tried to determine the effectiveness of the chili and kamias mixture as a deterrent for insects such as flies, mosquitoes and cockroaches. The experiment is done by spraying various concentrations of chili and kamias extract on plants and insects to determine the affectivity as well as the toxicity of these mixtures. Specifically, it aims to answer the following questions: 1. Does the said mosquito killer (chili and kamias) is less expensive than to all the commercial ones. .
Will this mosquito killer (chili and kamias) can disturb the health/kill the person who accidentally took it. Hypothesis 1. This mosquito killer (chili and kamias) is cheaper than the commercial ones because the ingredients/materials to produce this mosquito killer (chili and kamias) is cheap and are copious in hot countries like in the Philippines. 2. The side effects of the mosquito killer (chili and kamias) will only occur if it is accidentally taken by anyone.
Significance of the Study The said mosquito killer (chili and kamias) was produced to contend to the commercial ones which were expensive. And help our country to kill mosquitoes for we have many chili and kamias fruits in our country. Scope and Delimitations of the study If this study is already done we can use it anytime and anywhere. The said mosquito killer (chili and kamias) can be used by rich or poor people because it is cheaper than the commercial ones.
Not just it is all about the cheapness of the said mosquito killer (chili and kamias) but it is also the effectiveness to our environment. Definition of Terms Antiscorbutic- a remedy for scurvy Poisonous- toxic or venomous; harmful; having the qualities or effects of the poison Chili- A small hot-tasting pod of a variety of capsicum, used chopped (and often dried) in sauces, relishes, and spice powders. Kamias- Is a fruit-bearing tree of the genus Averrhoa, family Oxalidaceae. It is a close relative of carambola tree.
Review of Related Literature and Studies: Methodology A. Materials ? kilo of kamias fruit 1 ? kilo of chili mortar and pestle kettle gas stove product container B. Procedure The researchers collected and prepared all the materials needed. The researchers then pounded the kamias and chili separately and gets their extracts. After pounding the kamias and the chili, the researchers boiled the two extracts separately for 5 minutes. Then the researchers mixed them and poured them inside the container.
Development of the American Identity Between 1750 and 1776 essay help from professional writers: essay help from professional writers
In what ways and to what extent did the “American identity” develop between 1750 and 1776? Though the American colonists had not achieved a true, uniform sense of identity or unity by 1776, on the eve of Revolution, the progress towards unity and the inchoate idea of an “American” between 1750 and 1776 is inevitable in both existence and significance.
Previous to the French and Indian War, America as a whole had been, more or less, loyal mercantile-based, and subservient to the British crown as British colonists in the New World; however, the Americans’ sense of unity kindled and proliferated with the increased tax burdens and coercive Parliamentary decisions, while even until 1776, Americans, in a broad scope, retained more so their “British” identity rather than a truly American one. Throughout the time period from 1750 to 1776, Americans undoubtedly developed a stronger, not solidified, sense of unity against a common enemy, the British.
Even during the 1750s, when no particular duties or grievance troubled the American colonists (from the British), Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan of Union in order to secure the Iroquois loyalty and raise inter-colonial unity/agreement. Through political cartoon such as the famous ‘Join, or Die’ fragmented snake, Ben Franklin hinted at the fact that, against a common enemy (in this case, the French and Huron Indian tribes), unity was of necessity in order to strengthen America as a whole (Doc. A).
Furthermore, Ben Franklin expressed his opinion or unity at the Albany Congress, where a plan of, long-term unity was suggested. Though the colonies and the British crown both disapproved of the plan, the Albany Plan of Union was an important step towards unity, especially so early on in the existence of the American colonies. Although the first years of the period 1750-1776 were not as filled with ideas of unity, a chain reaction of direct taxes, strict Parliamentary Acts, and martial order shocked the American colonists into taking further steps towards unity.
In a sense, the Proclamation of 1763 initiated the American process towards unity. By suddenly ending “salutary neglect”, the British Parliament had, unknowing, prompted the beginnings of the Americans’ grievances. Though not much protest occurred in response to the Proclamation (most colonists moved West anyways), the Act itself would set a precedent for Americans’ sense of anxiety. The first direct tax on the American colonies, the Stamp act, contributed significantly to the beginnings of pre-Revolutionary unity.
With the rallying battle cry, “No taxation without representation”, the American colonists proceeded to call together the Stamp Act Congress. Not only was this event significant due to the fact that it was another group meeting, automatically signifying at least some unity, but major proponents of Revolution, such as Samuel Adams, started new efforts towards uniting colonists against Britain, such as the Sons of Liberty. The following several years, though not marked with tremendous amounts of unification, definitely contributed to a growing sense of anxiety and oppression amongst the American colonists.
With more direct taxes such as the Tea Acts, Coercive Acts, and Quartering Acts. Grievance after grievance, the number of “unreasonable” British actions inevitably forced the Americans into a dilemma. While some colonists, such as Richmond Henry Lee, equated such acts to the British desire to “ruin” the colonies, others, such as Mather Byles, believed that a radical revolt in response to direct duties would be worse than no revolt at all (Doc. C and Doc. D).
By observing those two significantly contrasting opinions regarding the idea of revolution and mistrust of the British empire, the idea of pervasive colonial unity can be refuted; however, the existence of uniformity of ideas, even if they existed only within select groups (such as the Tories, true blues, or neutral/timid), proves the moving of fragmented America into a more-unified America. Edmund Bunke sympathizes, in ideology, with Richard Lee by claiming that the colonies, merely by nature and geography, shouldn’t coalesce and put up with British coercion. Doc. B).
By expressing similar ideas with Lee, the existence of ideological unity between some colonists is undeniable. By the end of the pre-Revolutionary period, enough grievances, such as the Boston Massacre, had prompted Americans to agree that a Declaration of Independence was the wisest course of action. Though the Declaration was, more or less, a culmination of the growing unity in America, loyalist factions, especially those of the upper class, prevented the development of complete inter-colonial unity.
Although the development of unity amongst certain colonists was apparent between the years 1750 and 1776, the development of unique “American” identity was not quite as prominent. Since 1750, the Americans had never explicitly asserted a desired separation from the mother country and establish themselves as “Americans”, but expressed a desire to “go back” to the way it was. In the Declaration for causes of Taking up Arms, the states, as a whole, even include that there is no “ambitious design of separating from Great Britain . . . and establishing independent states” (Doc.
Even in such a ‘rebellious’ declaration, the Americans did not profess a desire to unify and revolt as ‘Americans’, but more as fellow-subjects that were dissatisfied with certain Parliamentary actions. Though the development of an “American” identity can be argued for, even that potential “identity” was limited to radical areas. By observing the chart portraying contributions for the relief of Boston, an unevenness of involvement in the Revolution reflects the sentiment that many colonists had no true sense of American identity.
Martin Marietta Corp vs. Paul M. Lorenz college essay help free: college essay help free
Claims for wrongful discharge under the public-policy exception have included termination of employees for: (1) refusal to participate in illegal activity, (2) the employee’s refusal to forsake the performance of an important public duty or obligation, (3) the employee’s refusal to forego the exercise of a job-related legal right or privilege, (4) the employee’s “whistleblowing” activity or other conduct exposing the employer’s wrongdoing, and (5) the employee’s performance of an act that public policy would encourage under circumstances where retaliatory discharge is supported by evidence of employer’s bad faith, malice, or retaliation.
The case started with Mr. Lorenz a decorated mechanical engineer with 16 years experience in fracture mechanics and almost a doctorate in metallurgy joined Martin Marietta, a aerospace manufacturer and contractor for NASA, in 1972. Lorenz worked in Martin Marietta’s research and development department as a “principle investigator”. Lorenz was responsible for the organization and quality control of the projects assigned to him. In the fall of 1973, while working on the NDI Contract, Lorenz expressed his concern for a lack of adequate data for the project to be deemed safe.
The supervisors of Lorenz were not happy with his comments. In 1974 Lorenz unhappy with the communication of his concerns to the client, approached NASA directly and revealed his concerns. This caused a meeting between all parties to take place and Lorenz was asked to take the minutes. Upon review of the minutes one of the managers asked Lorenz to modify the minutes to retract some of the statements made. Lorenz refused. Lorenz then was assigned the “Mixed Mode Contract” in which he was once again the “principle investigator.
The project was to design and construct a Biaxial Test fixture to measure the complex stresses in aluminum alloys used in space shuttle. In August of 1974 Lorenz wrote a memorandum to his supervisors regarding problems with the project and described an abundance of deficiencies that needed to be addressed. When Lorenz asked why the machines design and construction was so poor he was told that the machine had been built for $10,000 rather than the $25,000 which had been allocated for the project.
The third project Lorenz was assigned was the NASA space vehicle known as “The Tug. ” Lorenz’s involvement in the project was to investigate and evaluate the fracture propensities of thin gauge aluminum to be used in the fuel tank. Lorenz testified that, although he was pressured by his superiors to attest to the adequacy of certain materials, he refused to write a final report attesting to the quality of the materials. His refusal was based on his professional opinion that the materials had not been subjected to adequate testing.
According to Lorenz, he told his superiors that to compromise on this issue would jeopardize his integrity and his usefulness to Martin Marietta as an expert and, in addition, would constitute a fraud on NASA. 3. Holding of the Court Martin Marietta fired Lorenz following this project on July 22, 1975 claiming a layoff due to a lack of work. Lorenz worked until July 25, 1975. On July 24, 1981 Lorenz filed a tort claim against Martin Marietta for wrongful discharge.
The court affirmed a judgment of the appellate court, which reversed the trial court, which entered a directed verdict against respondent employee in his wrongful discharge action against petitioner employer. The court held that the discharge of respondent for refusing to perform acts in violation of federal criminal statutes supported a claim for wrongful discharge under the public policy exception to at-will employment. II. Analysis 1. Rights of the Plaintiff a. The right to a workplace without Discrimination & Harassment. b. The right to fair pay and time off. c. The right to a safe and healthy workplace. d. The right to personal privacy. . Responsibilities of the Plaintiff.
Responsible for coming to work on time and for all scheduled workdays. b. Responsible for completing the required work while on the clock. c. Responsible for loyalty of the company and its concepts. d. Responsible to perform the job duties outlined in the job description. 3. Rights of the Defendant a. The right to earn a profit. b. The right to make managerial decisions based on the good of the company. c. The right to maintain a budget. d. The right to determine teaming. 4. Responsibilities of the Defendant a. Responsible for creating a safe and non hostile work environment.
Responsible for paying wages for completed work. c. Responsible for conducting business in a legal manner. d. Responsible to uphold ethical and moral practices in the workplace. 5. Ethical Theory As defined in the textbook, “Utilitarianism is a general term for the view that actions and policies should be evaluated on the basis of the benefits and costs they produce for everyone in society. Specifically, utilitarianism holds that the morality right course of action in any situation is the one that, when compared to all other possible actions, will produce the greatest balance of benefits over costs for everyone affected. (Velasquez, 2012, p. 78)
Under the premise of Utilitarianism, Lorenz was justified in his action of taking the actions that he did in that it brought the most good to the most people. During the NDI Contract if Lorenz had not spoke up against the wishes of Martin Marietta, the NASA space shuttle could have had a stress fracture in space and many people could have died and millions of dollars of equipment would have been destroyed.
Although for Martin Marietta at the time the extra testing would have been expensive and cut into the profit of the project. The cost of a lawsuit for defective equipment and possibly murder would have cost Martin Marietta much more in the long run. This does not take into consideration the reputation damages that would occur if the space shuttle failure did result in the death of the astronauts and the loss of a shuttle. The American people would forever associate Martin Marietta with the disaster that took place.
Lorenz also saved the American taxpayers the cost of a lost shuttle. According to NASA, “The Space Shuttle Endeavour, the orbiter built to replace the Space Shuttle Challenger, cost approximately $1. 7 billion. ” (National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA], 2012, figure 1) That $1. 7 billion is paid for by every hard working American in the country and for Martin Marietta to overlook that to save a few dollars of profit goes against the entire concept of utilitarianism ethics. By gambling with American tax dollars for the sole gain of the company Martin Marietta is not looking out for the greater good and what benefits the most people, especially not the American people.
The Causes and Effects of Divorce narrative essay help: narrative essay help
About fifty percent of American marriages end up in divorce. Young couples who are twenty and younger are the highest percentage when it comes to divorce rates. When someone gets a divorce and they get married later there usually is another divorce later on. Men are more likely to file for divorce than women, as shown in research. There are many reasons as to why married couples decide on getting a divorce. One of the most known causes as to why married couples get a divorce is finances. Sometimes there might be a gambling problem within the marriage.
So when their significant other is wasting all their money, it puts a strain on the marriage and it will most likely end in a divorce. Since the recession, a lot of people have lost their jobs, thus causing creating a strain on many couple’s marriages. When a spouse loses their job, it puts a strain on their relationship; they begin to stress over money and are more than likely not able to pay for the things they need such as: bills, food, and other things. Usually when couples are in a relationship, they do not talk about their debt.
They only discover how much debt their significant other is in after they get married. Credit debt is probably the main reason why people get a divorce. Another reason why married couples get a divorce is distance. A lot of many people marry someone who has a job that requires them to travel a lot. The distance can really do damage to a marriage. Distance can lead to many problems. One could worry about what their partner was doing and if they were cheating; when that happens there is a lack of trust. If there is no trust in the relationship it will not last.
Also, a domestic dispute is another reason why a lot of marriages end up in divorce. I think a domestic dispute should be the most important reason as to why a couple should get a divorce but, sadly, it is not. Cheating would have to be the second reason why people get a divorce. When someone cheats, it is very hard to gain everything back from their significant other, especially their trust. If the cheater was to go out, their partner will usually think they will do it again and it just creates a huge problem. Arguing is a major problem in most marriages.
People tend to argue over things that should not matter but people these days have too much pride, are hard headed, and stubborn. So that causes them to butt heads and usually no one knows when enough is enough. When that happens it goes over the line and someone gets hurt physically. Domestic violence occurs when someone is possibly intoxicated, has a really bad temper, or just cannot control themselves. There are a lot of people that are afraid to do something about their partner when they have hit them, and when they are scared they just sit quietly and stay in the relationship.
Domestic violence should never happen but sadly it does. No one deserves to be hurt physically in any type of way in a marriage and it is a major problem. Finally, the effects of a divorce would play a big part in their children’s lives. As the divorce rates in America rise, bad effects do happen to the children who are used to growing up with both parents. When both parents raise their children, the children are developing their own personality by getting traits from both parents and are learning different things from each parent.
When a divorce happens within the family, it causes one parent to leave the household it has a huge effect on the children. When a parent leaves, it can make the child feel unwanted and they can withdraw. The outcome of that can lead the child to not be happy anymore and act out in different ways such as fighting, not focusing on school, getting into drugs, beginning to drink, they lose their social skills, and ignore their daily activities. Even if there is a family and a divorce happens, both parents need to continue to play that important role in their children’s lives.
Heat Exchanger mba essay help: mba essay help
At the end of these lectures, you should be able to: • recognise numerous types of heat exchangers, and classify them, • develop an awareness of fouling on surfaces, and determine the overall heat transfer coefficient for a heat exchanger, • perform a general energy analysis on heat exchangers, • obtain a relation for the logarithmic mean temperature difference for use in the LMTD method, and apply it for different types of heat exchangers using the correction factor, • analyse heat exchangers when outlet temperatures are not known using the effectiveness-NTU method, and • know the primary considerations in the selection of heat exchangers. Introduction to Heat Exchangers ?
A heat exchanger is a device which facilitates the transfer of heat between two fluids – one hotter and the other colder. Examples: Car radiator, refrigerator, air-conditioner. ? Two methods for design and rating of heat exchangers: – Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD) – Effectiveness – Number of Transfer Units (? – NTU) 3 Scope ? Heat exchanger types ? Overall heat transfer coefficient ? Heat exchanger analysis ?
Logarithmic mean temperature difference method ? Effectiveness-NTU method Read Chapter 11 of prescribed text, Cengel, Y. A. and Ghajar, A. J. Heat and Mass Transfer: Fundamentals and Applications, 4th Edition (SI Units), McGraw-Hill, 2011. 4 Main Types of Heat Exchangers Double-pipe heat exchanger Cross-flow heat exchanger Shell-and-tube heat exchanger 5 Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger • Also known as Concentric Tube Heat Exchanger • Simplest design. One fluid passes through a pipe and the second fluid flows in the annulus surrounding the pipe. Parallel flow Counter flow 6 Double Pipe Hair-pin Heat Exchanger with Cross Section View and Return Bend (courtesy of Brown Fintube) 7
Made by displacing the fins sideways at regular intervals to produce a zig-zag effect. 14 Finned Tubes 15 Cross-Flow Heat Exchanger Source: Incropera et al. , 2007. 16 Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger (one-shell pass and one-tube pass) 17 Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers Multipass flow arrangements One-shell pass and two-tube passes Two-shell passes and four-tube passes 18 Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger as a Shell-Side Condenser.
Organisational Behaviour homework essay help: homework essay help
Accoring to Agarwal, (2007) organisation and management have been analysed and theorised since man first collaboratively worked together to achieve common goals. Motivational theory explores “ forces acting on or within a person that cause the arousal, direction, and persistence of goal-directed, voluntary effect” and is a frequently investigated area of organisational behaviour (Barnet & Simmering, 2006.
P. 563). With no one unanimously supported theory, it is not surprising that each theory’s development attracts a flock of critics, each dedicating time and resources to questioning validity. Miner, (2007) gives a comprehensive account of theory, describing a good theory as one that presents unique insights, is interesting, purposeful, testable and well written, adding depth to the literature it is grounded in. It is from this yard stick that this essay aims to evaluate the two content theories developed by Frederick Hertzberg and David McClelland.
Initially, each theory will be overviewed, to develop a general understanding of the conclusions made regarding motivational strategy. An evaluation of the strengths and limitations each theory presents will follow, identifying how these assessments can be applied to contemporary organisations. Through this it will be shown that regardless of the limitations theories experience, their development and subsequent scrutiny, continues to uncover the enormous potential associated with understanding and respecting the internal motivational make up of individuals. Hertzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
Fredrick Hertzberg developed the Two-Factor Theory after conducting a study in the 1950s, which approached 200 engineers and accountants from different companies. Using the critical incidence technique, Hertzberg asked open questions, encouraging interviewees to identify and prioritise factors effecting their job fulfilment (Kondalkar, 2007). From this research Hertzberg suggested job satisfaction be approached by identifying ‘motivational factors’ with the potential to lead to satisfaction and ‘hygiene factors’ that risk dissatisfaction if not maintained to an appropriate standard (Kondalkar).
Motivating factors were found to be associated with job content whilst hygiene factors stemmed from the context in which the job was performed (Wood et al, 2010). Diagram one, lists these factors and illustrates the limitations Hertzberg discovered in linking high-level motivation with hygiene factors. That is, “any improvement in hygiene factors do not motivate workers but their reduction below a certain level will dissatisfy them” (Kondalkar, p. 106).
Also, it can be seen that no overlapping factors relating to both satisfaction and dissatisfaction exist, as the conclusion was made that they were independent “rather than opposite extremes on a single continuum as traditional views had held” (Wagner & Hollenbeck, 2010, p. 130). Diagram one: (Content taken from Kondalhar, 2007, pp. 105-106) Upon evaluation, a number of criticisms have come forward, many relating to the breadth of Hertzberg’s study.
The research involved limited respondents; all male white-collar workers in accounting and engineering firms; therefore the needs of many occupational groups were not reflected (Wagner & Hollenbeck, 2010). Also the study failed to recognize individual diversity and the varying prioritisation of needs relating to ones age, gender and culture (Wood et al, 2010). Wagner and Hollenbeck (2010), question Hertzberg’s “critical-incident technique” claiming that it “is a questionable research method, subject to errors in perception…memory and…subconscious biases” (p. 31). This view is echoed by Wood et al (2010), who are concerned that Hertzberg’s method may have encouraged respondents to attribute positive experiences at work to their own management of situations, and negative experiences to environmental conditions beyond their control. For this reason the theory has been labelled ‘method bound’ indicating that similar results could not be achieved through any other approach, thus limiting its credibility and successful application in other work settings (Kondalkar, 2007).
Finally, there is ambiguity surrounding the labelling of motivational versus hygiene factors. Many factors showed up as both satisfiers and dissatisfiers, especially those related to salary, relationship and status (Miner 2007). So, managers wishing to apply the theory must be aware of these limitations, rather than assuming Hertzberg’s motivational and hygiene factors will be relevant to all organisations. Despite it’s imperfections, Hertzberg’s theory has been successful in developing a framework through which organisations can approach job design and enrichment.
It may provide managers with a starting point for understanding and explaining individual performance, and offer suggestions for improving employee output (Wood et al 2010). Broadly categorising motivational factors as being internal, and factors leading to dissatisfaction as external, has highlighted that natural human motivation comes from ones desire to improve themselves, be engaged in meaningful activities, and be recognized for their efforts, rather than purely for monetary gain.
Furthermore, Miner (2007) considers employees who focus solely on hygiene factors, as an employment risk, being less driven, and more dependent on frequent external incentives to stay motivated. This information may be useful if these factors can be assessed within the recruitment process. In practical terms this theory encourages organisations to take a more personal approach to their staff. To assess the presence or absence of these contributing factors, organisations could work closely with their workers, developing their own unique set of hygiene and motivational factors specific to their people in their industry.
With open communication channels and improved workplace relationships, organisations have the potential to increase transparency into individual motivational needs of employees. This would put them in a better position to ensure their workforce remains motivated, whilst environmental conditions are appropriately maintained to facilitate optimal performance. Motivational factors could be addressed through addressing performance feedback, development of internal or external client relationships, knowledge acquisition and individual influence over ones time and schedule (Herzberg 1976 as cited in Miner 2007).
For hotel employees, an intranet website could be utilised for charting individual performance results, customer/interdepartmental feedback, posting educational programs on offer and a feedback forum to make suggestions sent direct to management. Giving employees transparency into departmental running costs, the responsibility to manage their own costs, and allowing employees to direct justifiable funds into areas they feel could improve unit output, could also empower and motivate individuals (Miner).
McClelland’s Achievement Motivation Theory McClelland used an “arousal based approach to studying motives” which began by linking hunger and the influence of food images on thought processes (Miner J. , 2005 pp. 47-48). This was later applied to such areas as achievement (nAch), affiliation (nAff), and power (nPow). The Thematic Apperception Test measured needs by evaluating stories written by people after viewing particular images, which were categorised, according to which need they appealed to (Wood et al, 2010).
Through this study McClelland found that although most people presented a combination of nAch, nAff, nPow characteristics, one usually dominated, and the identification of the predominant need could help provide insight into an individual’s behaviour, management style and therefore, job suitability (Miner, 2007). He also explains how all three groups learn through experience, which circumstances evoke the strongest sense of personal satisfaction, and are gravitated to activities that regularly provide that experience (Miner, 2007).
McClelland’s theory in some way helps to provide an explanation for those people who may not fit into the motivational model proposed by Hertzberg. McClelland was interested in the influence of unconscious motives on human behaviour (McClelland, 1987 ) and his acquired needs theory would categorise the 200 accountants and engineers interviewed by Hertzberg, as being nAch. That is, all their motives relate to the intrinsic desire to improve ones abilities and reach ones goals in order to obtain the feedback that they are ‘achieving’ something (Wood, et al 2010).
Diagram two outlines the conditions required to engage nAch individuals, many of which could be applied to someone with entrepreneurial ambition (Miner, 2005). Although those seeking such conditions could be perceived as valuable employees, their shortcomings may surface when required to manage others if they do not possess the emotional intelligence required to understand those whose need for achievement is not as strong (Miner). Diagram Two: (Content taken from Miner, 2007, pp. 36-44) McClelland’s theory goes on to identify two other categories of people.
Those with nAff bias have a desire to be liked by everyone, enjoy human interaction and working towards team goals. For this reason nAff individuals may find management challenging when they are required to make tough decisions that are not supported by subordinates, however may still perform well in project management roles (McClelland, 1987). NPow people may be better suited to upper management as they are less likely to put the maintenance of amicable relationships before the needs of the organisation (Miner, 2005).
As with all three categories, the nPow group also has its negative tendencies. As outlined in diagram two, according to McClelland (1987), there are four sequential stages of power, and those that reach the final stage, have the highest prediction for managerial success. Others who may become entrenched in personal power motives may manage people poorly due to their preoccupation with their own needs, and fail to develop respect due to high inhibition and low affiliation behaviours (McClelland).
According to Wood et al (2010) the main significance of McClelland’s research was that it proved nAch behaviour could be successfully learnt throughout life, and did not have to be acquired in early childhood as originally thought. Also McClelland clearly established a link between nAch motives and entrepreneurial activity and performance (Miner, 2007). This has important practical implications for organisations as it indicates that appropriate training of employees could increase the presence of nAch and nPow motives, which have been supported indicators of high-level performance (Miner).
McClelland has successfully developed and implemented such programs around the world (Miner, 2007) and believes this finding could be applied to developing nations and create considerable improvements in the performance and output of entire countries (McClelland, 1961). Alhtough McClelland’s theory recieves more support than many other early theories, its key limitation lies in the convenience of practical implementation (Robbins, 2009). Whilst managers may benefit greatly from knowing and understanding the implications of needs biases of employees, such subconscious patterns re difficult to assess (Robbins), and the methods used to do so, such as psychometric/motivational testing or motivational interviews/surveys can prove time-consuming and costly.
Therefore the time and financial commitments required to assess subconscioius needs of employees is a barrier for many organisations (Robbins). Another drawback of the theory relates to the lack of relevance for female employees. The theory was formulated after analysis of male subjects alone, and when women were later studied the results were inconsistent, despite achievement motivation being significant with women entrepreneurs (Miner 2007).
Such concepts as fear of success reduced achievement motivation scores, with high inhibition and power motivated behvaiours operating in completely different ways (Miner). Organisations should therefore be mindful that McClellands methods may only be relevant to the male contigent of their workforce when considering practical implementation. Managers may overcome these limitiations if equipped with the knowledge of the three core needs and practice recognition of the behaviours which represent them (both within themselves and others).
Once educated individuals may, with experience, become skilled needs assessors. Until individuals have had an opprotunity to experience a range of nAch, nPow and nAff related situations, they themselves may not have a clear understanding of their own needs bias. They may feel dissatsified or unmotivated or both, without really understanding why. For this reason it may be useful to give employees a chance to experience the various factors, then assess their responses, in order to help them identify with their own subconsicous motives.
Also educating employees about the various tendencies, may in itself help employees to recognize where they fit within the needs theory model. During a workshop, the various needs concepts could be explained, then each individual could map their needs on a scale such as shown in diagram two, in order to see where their tendecies lie. A questionaire could be developed with each answer having a particular rating within each of the categories to assist employees with identifying with their needs.
You are working on a team project with three others, and they are disinterested and not pulling their weight. Would you: a) Be happy that you could run the project in your own way and be motivated by the challenge? b) Organise a social function and try and get everyone engaged through developing positive relationships?
Percy Jackson and the Olympians cheap essay help: cheap essay help
This fiction book takes you on the adventures of the twelve year old Percy Jackson as he discovers who he really is. Being a demigod, a child of a Greek god and a mortal woman, Percy is in for the ride of his life. Percy Jackson is not what you would consider to be normal; aside from having ADHD and dyslexia strange things just seem to happen to him and no one seems to understand. His last epidemic was while on a field trip to a local art museum in New York his pre-algebra teacher, Mrs.
Dodd, attacked him revealing that she was one of three Furies; he ended up getting expelled making this the sixth boarding school to kick him out. Now up until recently he believed the legends he heard in his Latin class about the Greek gods were just stories but lately he has started to reconsider. Scared and confused he is sent back to his mom, Sally Jackson, and his step-father, Gabe. Gabe has always hated Percy and to be completely honest Percy looks at him as a lazy, drunk, gabling mess that has no respect for anyone but himself, but Percy’s mom lets Gabe mistreat her saying, “he provides for the family Percy its fine.
Sensing the confusion and even anger in Percy’s countenance Sally decides to take him to Long- Island for a three day vacation. The cabin they stay in holds so many memories about Percy’s father that he asks questions about him even though he already knows the answer. Sally answers….. Cautiously because if Percy found out his father was a Greek god he would become a very big target and for Percy’s safety she keeps her answers vague. Sally can sense Percy isn’t telling her what really happened at school but she doesn’t pry she just keeps saying if you want to talk I’m here.
After a long day Sally and Percy find their way to bed. Percy, just lying there unable to sleep, starts to wonder what his dad was like, what his best friend Grover is doing, and if he didn’t have such a terrible step-dad his life would be so much easier. And just when he started to slip off into unconsciousness he heard a very loud banging at the door. Both Sally and Percy awoke with a start; who could be at the door in the dead of night? Sally ran to the door to find Grover Underwood, Percy’s best friend from Yancy Academy, standing in the rain with a look of fear in his face.
At first Percy is ecstatic to see him but soon he realizes that something is very wrong. Grover is a satyr and is very in tune with the Greek god world unlike Percy and was sent to protect Percy. Grover came to warn Sally that the Furies were after Percy and that they had to get Percy to Camp Half-Blood as soon as possible. Sally pushes the boys to the car and drives as fast as she can. Percy having no idea what is going on and so Grover explains where they are going. He says Camp Half- Blood is a camp for kids that are demigods so they can train and be protected from the monsters of the underworld.
Then as they approach the camp something smashes their car sending them flying through the air the boys and Sally start running for the trees, where just beyond the tree line lays the camp. As the start up the hill a minotaur grabs Sally and squeezes her into a fine gold powder. Distraught Percy charges the minotaur and heads up breaking one of the horns off and the minotaur runs off into the woods; while the boys narrowly escape to the camp. With Percy knowing so little about his dad he does not know who his father is and stays in the Hermes Cabin, under Luke Castellan.
The kids seem nice but Percy really doesn’t understand what he is in for. One night they are playing a game of capture the flag when Percy gets wounded. As he is stumbling around he steps in the stream and is instantly healed and green tridents appear above his head, revealing he is the son of Poseidon, the god of the sea. This would be a bad thing if the gods hadn’t made an oath to stop having children; but the camp cheered and congratulated Percy on this discovery. Now that the camp knew who Percy’s father was they could better explain who he was and what he was capable of doing.
After training for the entire summer Chiron, Percy’s mentor suggested that Percy should be granted a quest. Percy accepted and chose Grover and Annabeth, a friend he made at camp, to take the journey with him. The quest required the kids to find the entrance to the Underworld, find Zeus’s master bolt and return it before the summer Solstice. The kids encountered monsters, other gods, and the Furies all which seemed to be no challenge for this group of kids which became the best of friends.
Now I’m not going to tell you the ending of this book because you can read it for yourself but it’s amazing how three unlikely eople can come together to achieve great things. This book was very exciting once I started reading it, I could not put it down. This book obviously is fiction and is kind of contradictory to Christian beliefs as in more than one God so I wouldn’t recommend the book because of that; but if you can keep in mind that it is just a story it is a extremely exciting book .
High School vs College college application essay help online: college application essay help online
As I move my body to the loud crazy dance music, I feel a light tap on my shoulder. A beautiful girl about twenty one years old whispers into my ear, “Want a drink? ” I look at her with a blank stare as she offers me an alcoholic beverage. Emotions are running through my head like a roller coaster. I think to myself, “she is so cute, and does she know I am only eighteen years old? ” “I am so flattered that she would ask me out of all the guys in the crowd. ” “Did she mistake me for another friend? “What if someone I know saw me engage in underage drinking? ”
“What would they think? ” “What would they think about the way my parents brought me up? ” I had only one answer to all these questions, “Ask yourself. ” My cheeks turned a bright red color and I turned to her and stuttered out, “No thanks. ” she simply said, “Suit yourself you are missing out. ” I ignored it and walked away. I continued to dance and thought about why “Ask yourself” was my only answer to the questions that spun around my head. I then recalled the first time I heard “Ask yourself. ” When I heard Dr.
Asha Virani, my tenth grade teacher, at the Religious Education Center (REC) talk about the decision making process to us, I was intrigued. At the REC I learned about various topics which revolved around the faith and religion, but are around topics of decision making skills. She presented to us the following to help us make better decisions in life, “Ask yourself…if it is right for me? Right for family? ” I wanted to see what piece of history she was trying to teach us discretely by introducing the concept of “Ask yourself. ” I came to realize at the end of the weekly class, that there was no hidden message behind the concept.
I remember thinking to myself, “Wow, what a genius. ” Dr. Virani’s charismatic personalic, enabled her to relate to teens and convey important and meaningful messages to teens. Dr. Virani came up with “Ask yourself” after she had gone through a personal similar situation. In college, she had been offered to engage in harmful activities, she choose not to go through that path because it would affect her goals in life and her family. While I continued dancing, I thought about Dr. Virani’s expression, I started to ask myself the two questions.
The first question I asked myself was, “Is this right for me? ” I know that it would have not been right for me. I knew that this would affect my health but also have greater consequences because I was underage. The second question I asked myself was, “Is this right for my family? ” I pictured my parents looking at me with shame and anger. My parents have certain expectations which specifically include judging right from wrong. For me I know if I do not live up to those I will disappoint them. Dr. Virani has told this story many times in her previous years of teaching in REC.
Though some students just shrug, nod, and leave her classroom without a care; I know I have taken her words so much into consideration in my life. In my life every day I ask myself so many questions. Whether, it was choosing a class, taking on some more community service work, or even going to mosque. Dr. Virani’s quote not only helped me with peer pressure but helped me stay on the right path towards spiritual guidance and life. She did not only teach me the expression, but she thought me more than that. I learned my morals, attitude, and judgments from Dr. Virani.
Summary of Prevail and Transcend Scenario in Radical Evolution admission college essay help: admission college essay help
In chapter six of Radical Evolution, author Joel Garreau shows through various interviews and examples that even though technology may be rising on an exponentially increasing Curve, humans may still be able to change the effects of technological advance in unpredictable ways. Deemed the Prevail scenario, it is also characterized by humans slowing down once-viewed inevitable change viewed as negative and speeding up positive change. Another great theme of the Prevail Scenario is its idea that technological advance will enable humans to acquire a better understanding of their society and nature.
In addition to discussing the Prevail scenario, Garreau also discusses the possible change humans themselves may experience in chapter seven. He shows this possibility through a series of interviews and historic examples. The first person whom Garreau interviewed was Jaron Lanier, a computer scientist who coined the term “virtual reality”. Garreau notes how Lanier “does not see The Curve yielding some inevitable, preordained result, as in the fashion of the Heaven and Hell Scenarios” (195).
This would suggest that even though Lanier believes that technology advances on an exponential Curve, he differs from past technology futurists, such as Ray Kurzweil and Bill Joy, in that Lanier believes the effects of technology are unpredictable and wild. Lanier believes that humans have the power to gain more understanding about human nature through advancing technology. Garreau describes Lanier’s predictions of the future: “…it would not be represented by smooth curves, either up or down, as in the first two scenarios.
It would doubtless have fits and starts, hiccups and coughs, reverses and loops – not unlike the history we humans have always known” (196). Despite the chaotic nature of Lanier’s Prevail Scenario, the future of humans and technology would ultimately involve the humans being in control. In addition to interviewing Lanier, Garreau also mentions James P. Carse, professor of the history of literature at NYU. Garreau mentions Carse because the former once discussed his definitions of finite games and infinite games. According to Carse, finite games have very controlled settings.
For example, there are beginnings and endings and the overall atmosphere is predictable. By contrast, infinite games have many surprises and these surprises cause the game to last forever. Tying this case back to the Prevail Scenario, Garreau notes how Lanier believes that “ ‘Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness’ is an infinite game…Infinite games are the real transcendence games. They allow you to transcend your boundaries. They allow you to transcend who you are” (197). Garreau also discusses how Lanier views technological change as a way for humans to come together – to forget their differences and become one interconnected society.
So, the essence of Prevail is “the search for a complex, evolving, inventive transcendence” (Garreau, 200). Technology assists in this by helping humans come together. Lanier believes that human connectedness is a “much more profound kind of ramp [than Heaven and Hell Scenarios]”, which suggests that the Prevail Scenario will ultimately bring about the most interesting and meaningful future. In his discussion of the Prevail Scenario, Garreau also clarifies the event by drawing on examples from past movies and literature. Garreau gives examples from the biblical Exodus, the novel Huckleberry Finn, and in the movie Casablanca.
In all of these works, Garreau shows how various characters, against all odds, struggle against various external forces that in the end help shape a character or a group of characters’ minds for the better. This moral improvement is one of the major subjects of Lanier’s Prevail concept. Near the end of the chapter, Garreau concludes that the Prevail Scenario cannot be predicted. It is notable for its uncertainties, resilience, and diversity of ideas. However, the unifying theme in Prevail rests on the fact that humans will ultimately rise to greater understanding and morality while undergoing a journey of compassion and sacrifice.
Garreau emphasizes this scenario by quoting Faulkner’s famous saying that “man will prevail ‘because he has a soul, a spirit capable of passion and sacrifice and endurance’” (qtd. in 209). Gareau expands on the concept of the development of human nature in the chapter seven. Through a series of interviews and examples, Garreau attempts to explain and clarify what it means for humans to transcend and how technological advance will have an impact on that transcendence.
Garreau starts out the chapter with an explanation that throughout human history, humans have been changing and evolving, with examples such as fire and writing. Then, Garreau describes the way human nature is being changed: “Even the least educated among us is not raised by wolves, feral and wild. He grows up shaped by contemporary humans who own television, who have been shaped by modern society” (237). This quote further suggests that human nature may be impacted the advancing GRIN technologies. To examine this possibility, Garreau interviewed Nick Bostrom, co-founder of the World Transhumanist Association.
Bostrom shows his agreement with human transcendence by asserting that “Technological progress makes it harder for people to ignore the fact that we might actually change the human nature” (qtd. in Garreau, 242). Garreau also brings up the topic of civil disruption from such enhancement. As discussed in the Hell chapter, the topic of technological advancement carving up human society into the Enhanced, the Naturals, and the Rest and having civil strife ensue is always a big topic. To gain insight on this topic, Garreau interviewed Gregory E. Pence, a professor of philosophy at the University of Alabama.
Pence explains to Garreau that in order for technological enhancement to be successful, its use must be voluntary, for fear that government control of these technologies could create a form of eugenics. To add to this thought, Lee M. Silver, professor of molecular biology at Princeton, noted that life was unfair. He explained that some people, such as athletes, are just born with better genes which give them their enhanced abilities. Though Bostrom also agrees that such inequalities occur, he also notes that there may not be civil strife because of it.
To show his ideas of the workings of civil tranquility, Bostrom observes that “The reason we don’t have tall people conspiring against little people, or vice versa, is that there is no obvious cutoff point, and it’s just one continuum living in the same world” (qtd. in Garreau, 245). So, Bostrom’s discussion suggests that even though technological advancement may create some inequality in society, there would be many stages of enhancement, making the gap between the Enhanced and the Rest closed. To further elucidate on Bostrom’s views, Christine L.
Peterson, president of the Foresight Institute, says that “The analogy is to entities more powerful than humans, like government and corporations. We come up with checks and balances. We always protect weaker members of society against those who want to push them along” (qtd. in Garreau, 246). Peterson, like Bostrom’s views on transcendence, views that in technological advancement, “The goal is peaceful coexistence among traditional humans, augmented humans and machine-based intelligences” (qtd. in Garreau, 246).
Bostrom and Peterson’s discussions on the subject of Transcendence so far suggests that this advancement is not an emphasis on equality, but rather an emphasis on better morality and greater understanding of human nature in the future. To show the possibility of transcendence, Garreau interviews William Calvin, a University of Washington theoretical neurobiologist. She explains to Garreau that during human prehistory, humans had far lower physical and mental stature and were bound to the jungles. This was because proto-humans could not run very quickly or think very cleverly.
Calvin then explains that one day, a very hungry proto-human hits a small animal with a rock. This scene set off a chain of events, which resulted in the proto-human being more nourished and a more connected brain, which resulted in him having babies with bigger brains. This led to more advancements, such as the development of language and fire. Garreau suggests that such an example of human evolution may also occur in the future because of advancing GRIN techniques. Garreau concludes the chapter by remarking that humans may evolve to bear better understanding and tolerance through technological advance.
Garreau shows this phenomenon by reflecting on his own experiences with religious and cultural events. He reflects on how these events have an uncanny ability to bring people together in a close way. Then, Garreau remarks: “If we are embarking on a path in which we stand to transform ourselves more than at any brief period in our species’ time on Earth, we are creating new critical moments. Perhaps we might start formally marking the occasions”.
The Privileged Fly essay help writing: essay help writing
Joan Glass the supply manager has to change to the new way that world-class organizations use the five value- adding outputs of proactive procurement to be able to determine what actions to she needs to take. She has to use make sure the materials she purchases are quality products for the inventory. She has to work to reduce the total cost to acquiring and to move the products.
She is going to have to use her time wisely to use the outside suppliers to get her the inventory that is needed. She is going to have to use technology to keep a current record of the inventory on hand and what is going to be needed in the future. She also needs to build strong ties with several different suppliers to be able to call on the other supplier if the other supplier falls short on being able to keep her supply from being disrupted.
The upper top is going to have to decide on an amount of inventory that would be able to cut cost down but, not to put the amount of inventory to be so short that the rest of the team doesn’t have the materials to be able to finish their orders without creating a conflict with the finance department and not to tie up unnecessarily amount of money in the inventory. If they don’t decide on an amount to keep the stock it is going to keep costing the company on the receiving side of the inventory and increase cost to supply to the customers.
The production manager that complaints about being out of stock of any item will not hold water if the supply manager is keeping the inventory at the levels that the upper management have decided on to keep on hand. If they use a keep a reasonable amount of inventory this will cut down on out of stock items, shutdowns, shipping costs, and the fights between the departments. If the inventory then fails to meet the needs of the other departments it can be blamed on the faulty policies of the upper management.
Q2. Some of the factors that have contributed to this situation are that they have had to use premium means of transportation to send parts, because of the short amount of inventory that is kept on hand. This is something that management is going to have to look at to decide the cost of keeping a certain percent of inventory on hand is cheaper that the rising cost of air transportation. As the high cost of fuel increases the cost to ship by air is increasing the ost to keep the correct amount of inventory on hand is a very important decision that upper management needs to address.
This falls in the area of basic economics of doing business and working with other means of transportation. Q3. Ms. Glass must present the idea to upper management for the need of a strict policy on a reasonable amount of inventory to be stored and the scheduling of orders. This area affect many different areas like: carrying costs of inventory, freight costs, and customer satisfaction to complete the orders.
She needs to focus in her report about the inventory problems and the way the company would be able to avoid the high air transportation costs. The entire company must work as a team to commutate better with each other to make better decisions to know what is going to be needed for upcoming projects, so the inventory is there when they need it. This will help her to control the costs in her department and this would help control the cost for the shipping department as well.
They need to meet together each day for about thirty minutes to make sure everyone is working on the same goals to make the company more profitable. Q4. She should suggest a materials manager because; with a company that size with over $70 million of purchases needs this internal control. A material manager could focus on discounts on orders and keep up with the production department in order to know what inventory is going to be needed in the future. She can save enough money that they have been wasting to pay the material manager’s salary.
Q5. She first will need to know what upper management is willing to let her have as an inventory base. She may need to have a better inventory management system and not a bigger inventory. She needs to educate herself on the different ways to manage supply, for example: the (JIT) just in time method. There will be some times that there will not be any other way around get the product to the customer but to ship by air. She has to really focus on the inventory that is going to be needed to produce the parts that is needed for the upcoming jobs.
Effects of Advertising computer science essay help: computer science essay help
Advertising has a major contribution to society and is readily apparent to anyone watching TV, listening to the radio, reading newspapers, or using the internet. Along with advertising comes both critics and advocates. The critics see advertising as a form of propaganda, by relaying the necessary message using trickery. Advertising is negative because of the manipulative effect it has consumers. Advertising creates unfulfilled desires and promotes greed within society. Consumers are told what they need through advertising.
Advertising can convince consumers they need a product that would not have ever crossed their mind otherwise. “It can make us unsatisfied with who we are, greedy for what we don’t have, and oblivious to the miseries of millions who haven’t a fraction of the comforts we take for granted…” (Source D). Advertisements force society to crave more amenities than they already have and need. It makes them greedy for more and disregarding the less fortunate people along the way. Ads influence everyone, whether it be by the way consumers think or simply by the products they buy.
Although few people admit to being greatly influenced by ads, surveys and sales figures show that a well-designed advertising campaign has dramatic effects. ” (Source E). A well-run ad campaign can have a great affect on society convincing them to do and or think almost anything depicted through the ads. “Nowadays, marketing executives will use all available methods to convince us of the need to buy their company products. ”(Source F). Whatever measures are needed in order to sell a product, are taken. Advertisements no longer promote the physical product itself, but how your life will change once you are in possession of that product.
The ads today use techniques designed to “create unfulfilled desires and then they push us to buy the products that we do not need. ” (Source F). Advertisements are becoming a detriment to society, bringing out bad qualities from within that would not have otherwise prevailed. Advertising subconsciously bombards the consumers, forcing them to conform to society. Society seems to be influenced by advertising in such a way that they themselves cannot help, but fall into their trap. “A logical conclusion is that advertising works below the level of conscious awareness…” (Source E).
Advertising affects society in such a way that no matter who you are, you will want the product or feel the need to get the product. Society is made aware of every product on the market through advertising. “Advertising tells you what you need. ” (Source D). Through watching, reading or hearing advertisements society will feel the desire to buy that product being advertised or feel that owning the product would make their life that much better. Consumers don’t have control of this feeling, as much as they might want to hate advertisements, they are still influential and change the consumers’ opinions.
The success of cigarette advertising is a potent example of advertising’s enormous power and economic value. ” (Source B). Even though it is proven that cigarettes are harmful towards the body, especially the lungs, so many people are still choosing to smoke and hurt their body. The consumers know it is wrong, but something inside tells them it is okay. This voice is the influence from advertising; they only show the pros of smoking, making it look harmless and enjoyable, instead of showing what the inside of the body would look like after a few years of smoking.
Advertisements influence society in such ways that they have no control over their desires. Advertisements have a negative effect on society because they’re only goal is to promote the specified product. Just to sell their product, ads may bend the truth and give false information. Their only goal is to get as much profit as possible, so the validity of ads is never dependable. Advertisements are harmful due to their production of unfulfilled desires as well as subconsciously influencing consumers.
Single Supreme God assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney
Some people believe that you cannot believe in God until you believe in yourself others believe, dona€™t worship your talent because it is what God has given so be more humble rather Conceit which is self-given. In addition many spiritual beliefs pertaining to teachings and messages all come from somewhere and some have similaries and difference such as Atenism, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. Monotheism means the belief of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe
Chinua Achebe wrote the novel, Things Fall Apart, which is a great piece of African literature that deals with the Ibo culture, society, and history. One place where the … doctrine that there is only one God. A religion that is referring as a a€? Good Religiona€? called Zoroastrianism is base off monotheism. Even Atenism where ita€™s based off a monotheistic celestial being called Aten that shine its light upon royal families. Likewise, Judaism who believes in Yahweh chief God of Israel and promised to follow his laws is all monotheism.
Though, there are very similar they are very different as well. After all, different teachings, concepts and or belief are Why Are so Many Cultures Similar yet Different? Why are so many cultures similar, yet different? Culture is the beliefs, behavior, language, and entire way of life of a particular time or group of people. Culture includes … usually influence from another. So out of Atenism, Judaism and Zoroastrianism there is one that came first with the concept of monotheism and influence the rest. But which one is it?
In Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda has a great enemy called Angra Mainyu. He is a hideous demon with horns. Angra Mainyu’s purpose is to seduce mankind into doing acts of evil. The idea is that good must be a choice made of free will. Ahura Mazda created Angra Why Are So Many Cultures Similar Yet Different? Why are so many cultures similar, yet different? Culture is the beliefs, behavior, language, and entire way of life of a particular time or group of people. Culture includes customs, … Mainyu so that people could choose to be good.
However, many western scholars interpret Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu as being equals. Therefore, the religion may seem to be a two god polytheistic religion. Practitioners disagree. Ahura Mazda created Angra Mainyu just as God created Lucifer in the Christian texts. And since God created the devil that eventually disgust him and displease him by going against him. Thus, God could destroy him single handed. With this being said, Ahura Mazda The Contributions And Achievements Of The Ancient Hebrews, Greeks, And Romans.
The Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans were all key civilizations pertaining to the molding of civilizations to follow. They all contributed certain aspects of their lives to other civilizations and also … will eventually destroy Angra Mainyu and all who follow him on judgment day. This sets the idea of a single supreme God. There is a single supreme God, Ahura Mazda. He is the alpha and the omega. He has always been and will always be accordingly to Zoroastrianism. The descriptions of the nature of Ahura Mazda are essentially same as Yahweh which means God in English, Allah in Arabic.
The duty as human beings as creations of the one true Concept Of Karma. What is the relation, if any, of the concept of varna to the concept of karma? Two major concepts of the Hindu religion are varna and karma. While … God is to do good works. Life is a struggle between good and evil. At the end of time, Ahura Mazda will gather all the good who have ever lived to his side and destroy the wicked. But the ancient Egypt religion Atenism doesna€™t have this cosmic conflict nor Judaism.
But what was different Judaism back when they even became Judaism prophets like Amos warned of the terrible retribution that Yahwah would exact from Israelites if they did not Akenotn Almost all of the pharoes befpore Akhenaton had believed in the old multiple god system of Egypt. But Akhenaton was the first to proclaim that Aton was the only true … keep the covenant,a€? (Spielvogel 37). The principles of Zoroastrianism compared to Judaism are quite similar but not in everything. Notably, Zoroastrianism believe in good thoughts, good words, and good and deeds.
However, Judaism they are the chosen people of God and must follow their covenant with him. The founder of Judaism is biblically Abraham and you can say Moses as well but Zarathustra leader who established I Zoroastrianism. Also in Greek its Zoroaster and you can see the actual Zoroastrinism Zoroastrinism is a small religion made up of about 140,000 people. even though there is only a small amount of people practicing this religion, zoroastrinism has made a great … religion name Zoroastrianism is similar to Zoroaster. In addition John R. Hinnels from article The Penguin Dictionary of Religions stated Zoroaster was a a€?
Persian prophet who at the age of 30 believed he had seen visions of God, whom he called Ahura Mazda, the creator of all that is good and who alone is worthy of worshipa€?. Nevertheless, Abraham is hailed as the first Hebrew and the father of the Jewish people and Moses is the subsequent Prophets of GotMilk How did people revere their gods differently among three civilizations? Did they worship with the same general intent? What were godsa€™ role(s) in peoplea€™s lives? A brief exploration into the … Israel and Judaism belief in one God and teachings of the tradition which the prophets displayed. They both
Myth and Reality of Co-Parenting common app essay help: common app essay help
One thing that almost everybody will have to deal with at least once in their lifetime is parenting. In parenting, both parents are needed to make the job easier on themselves, their marriage and their child. In the essay The Myth of Co-Parenting: How It Was Supposed to Be. How It Was. by Hope Edelman, Edelman tells her experience with co-parenting. Edelman, along with many women, initially believed that co-parenting was possible. She soon figured out, however, that it was not a realistic goal.
Some points that Edelman hits in the essay are the gender roles and societal expectations in parenting, being the nurturer versus being the provider, and how poor communication can ruin co-parenting. A major point that Edelman brings up in her writing are gender roles in parenting and what society expects each to do as a parent. Edelman says that coming into her parenthood she thought that if she contributed half of the families’ income, then her husband would contribute half of the housework and child caring (Edelman 284).
She says that she did not want to be the dominant parent in the house and wanted more of a “shared responsibility” instead of one parent doing all of the care-taking and household duties (Edelman 284). She also talks about her parents’ relationship and parenting when her and her siblings were young. She says that her mother always seemed to do everything around the house, while her father only went to work, came home and sat around (Edelman 284). Her father did provide the families’ income; however, Edelman believes her father should’ve done a little more to help around the house (Edelman 285).
Edelman also says that whenever her mother passed away the household duties never were done how they used to be and the house was just different (Edelman 285). After seeing this Edelman told herself that she didn’t want the same relationship her parents had (Edelman 285). Edelman says later that women start with huge expectations for sharing the job of parenting but almost always end up doing the majority of parental duties, which is common in society still today (Edelman 285). Another point that Edelman touches on, is the concept of being the nurturer versus being the provider of the family.
This topic really ties into the previous point of gender roles and societal expectations, in that society expects the father to be the provider while the mother is generally looked at as a nurturer. Edelman’s story of her parents and the roles they played as parents when she was young attests to this statement. Although Edelman wanted so badly to achieve her aspirations of co-parenting, with the hours that her husband John worked, however, it was nearly impossible. Soon Edelman accepted the role of nurturer while John was the provider until his company was off the ground and stabilized (Edelman 289).
A final point that Edelman touches on is how poor communication made things much more difficult to achieve successful co-parenting. Edelman says that her husband was hardly ever at home, and that one week he logged unofficially ninety-two hours of work (Edelman 283). The way Edelman puts it is that, “There was no time together for anything other than the most pragmatic exchanges” (Edelman 286). She said that when her husband got home from work the first thing she did was jump up with something to approve, sign, or examine (Edelman 286).
This compacted conversation Hope and John were having on a nightly basis was not healthy for them at all. Edelman says that she was mostly mad at John because he never said exactly what was involved when starting his own company (Edelman 287). This anger translated into regret for Hope, saying that she would have never seen herself picking up that much household slack before her and John were married (Edelman 287). This lack of communication kept snowballing until they just stopped arguing in front of each other, and instead started taking small jabs at each other that started to add up after a while (Edelman 287).
The jabs included things like buying their daughter something the other didn’t want them to have, or not doing a task the other one asked them to do, small things that added on and after a while (Edelman 288). Eventually, however, John’s company stabilized and with that came fewer hours John needed to work, and with that came the stability of their household and marriage (Edelman 289). Edelman says that it has taken a lot for her to give up her dream of co-parenting, but that she has learned to live with the imbalance and inequality of duties in their household (Edelman 289).
Edelman makes some great points throughout her essay and while I do agree with most of them, I disagree with her stance on gender roles. Edelman says that she wanted to achieve a “shared responsibility” in her household, that way the husband and wife would do the same amount of household duties while keeping their full time jobs. I disagree with her view of this; I believe that if the husband is the one working extended hours during a week, trying to provide for his family, then the wife shouldn’t feel angered or annoyed at having to pick up the extra slack around the house.
The wife is generally the one in the household who is known for being the care-taker, the cleaner, the cook, etc. The husband is generally looked at as the provider for the family, the head of the household, the authority figure, and it has always been that way. I understand there are circumstances where the husband can’t find work, or they get let go and the wife has to help out. In that case, while the husband was home and the wife at work, the husband should help out around the house and pick up the motherly responsibilities.
What I am trying to say is that it really doesn’t matter who does exactly what in parenting, as long as the child is taken care of, the bills are paid, and everyone is happy, then each parent has done their responsibility. The second point that Edelman hits on is the nurturer and provider topic. This topic really goes hand-in-hand with what was previously stated because society generally sees your role as a parent before you even have a child. They see the mother as the nurturer and the father as the provider.
I agree with society on this topic and disagree with Edelman, who says that there should be an even distribution of the two. Like what was stated earlier I believe that the father should do his job of working to provide for the well-being of his family, while the mother raises her children and takes care of the household. The final point that is made in Edelman’s essay is that poor communication made things more difficult than they were, and that good communication would’ve probably helped.
She says that John was out of the house so much that they only talked to each other for a few minutes each night and that it eventually got to the point that they didn’t even have time to argue with each other. This is a serious lack of good communication and it is toxic to a relationship. I believe that the most successful relationships are those that the spouses can communicate openly and easily with one another. I agree with Edelman that their poor communication hurt their relationship, as it does to any relationship, but it can be fixed over time as it was in John and Hope’s case.
Edelman’s essay is a classic example of someone having high expectations, the expectations getting brought down to reality, and then the person having to cope with the reality now. She was living under a false assumption that co-parenting would be easily reached and maintained. When she realized it wasn’t going to work out she then tried to force it more, before finally giving in and living with the imbalance. She has found something more important than attaining a goal of co-parenting, or her husband John getting rich, she has found that her child’s happiness and raising her daughter no matter what is most important.
I strongly believe that no matter what obstacles parents face, they should put their child’s happiness before anything. Parenting is not always easy, as you see here in Edelman’s essay. There are many different ways to parent a child, however; however one thing shouldn’t be different. No child has the right to not be happy and the parents should do everything to make sure that they are happy.
Abraham Lincoln and Clara Barton history essay help: history essay help
Even though undefined, Clara Barton and Abraham Lincoln set a good strong example about the American patriotism during the time of the Civil War. II. BODY – Thomas Jefferson’s Early Life, Politics, and Presidency A. Early life 1. Born in Kentucky Febuary 12th, 1809 a. Moved to Perry County, Indiana b. Mother dies c. Father remarried d. Schooling B. Presidency 1. Beginning Presidency a. Was a lawyer in Illinois. b. Won 1806 nomination for Republican Party c. Initiated new ideas 2.
Midway through Presidency a. Selected best officials b. Resolved Trent Affair c. Union had control of border states 3. Ending of Presidency a. Those who opposed Lincoln b. Reconstruction c. One of top rated Presidents III. Body- Clara Barton’s Early life, traveling, and Work A. Early life 1. Born in Massachusetts a. Parents b. Good reader c. Nursed her brother 2. Teaching and schooling a. Became teacher at seventeen b. Enrolled at a Liberal Arts school c. Opened school in New Jersey 3. During the Civil War a. Nicknamed “Angel of the Battlefield” b. Worked behind the lines .
Named Superintendent of Union Nurses 4. Finding missing soldiers a. Started a bureau to find missing soldiers b. She was much like Huck Finn looking for Jim. c. Found info for more than 30,000 missing soldiers 5. Traveling a. Went to Europe to take a break b. Promised to rally back in the U. S. 6. Work a. Became President of Red Cross b. Helped in Crisis i. floods ii. yellow fever c. American Amendment was passed.
Summary of Paper a. Abramham is most like Huck because he does what he thinks is right above all else. b. Lincoln’s father fits the role of Pap Finn . Clara can be related to Hester because she is a strong women. d. Her scarlet letter would be that she’s a women Mikaela Boies Mrs. Weisman American Literature 1 March 23, 2012 Abraham Lincoln and Clara Barton Even though undefined, Clara Barton and Abraham Lincoln set a good strong example about American patriotism during the time of the Civil War. Lincoln did whatever it took to help his country through the good and the bad. Barton pushed through the fact that she was a woman to keep on pursuing her dreams. Therefore leading to some of America’s greatest citizens.
In Hardin County, Kentucky in a small log cabin on February 12th, 1809 Abraham Lincoln was born. When he was seven his family moved to Perry County, Indiana, and two years later his mother died of tremolo; bad milk (Lincoln Information). His father then married Sarah Bush Johnston. His schooling was less than that of a year, but by the time he was seven he had taught himself to write and was constantly reading anything he could (Hunter). During Abe’s presidency he guided American through the biggest war in American history, the Civil War, and he maintained the Union and ended slavery.
Before he had become the president he had been a lawyer in Illinois and a member of the United States House of Representatives (Abraham Lincoln ). In 1860 he won the nomination for the Republican Party and was elected a year after. During his presidency he focused mainly on the success of winning the war. He initiated the idea of his Emancipation Proclamation , the abolition of slavery, and advanced the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution (Gillam). When the war was coming closer to an end he was the first president to be assassinated. He closely oversaw the war attempt and selected the best generals.
One of these officials was Ulysses S. Grant. Lincoln controlled the groups of the Republican Party good-naturedly and would influence disagreeing bureaucrats to cooperate. Abe productively resolved the Trent affair, a war fright with Britain (Beschloss). His leader ship of the Union later on gave the control of the border slave states during the beginning of the war. With all else going on he managed to organize his reelection in 1864. Those who opposed the war such as Copperheads, disapproved Lincoln for declining to cooperate on the compromise slavery.
On the other hand, many also criticized him for not abolishing it soon enough. Even with having so many obstacles he developed his famous speech; his Gettysburg address. When the war was coming to and end he had an average opinion of Reconstruction and wanted to hurriedly bring the country through with a policy of substantial reconciliation (Norton). Abraham Lincoln will always be one of the top-rated and greatest American Presidents (Summers). Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born in North Oxford, Massachusetts to her parents Stephen and Sarah Barton.
She was the youngest of five children and her father was respected as a politician, farmer and horse breeder (Faust). Clara was very shy but soared when it came to her studies. By the time she was four it was easy for her to spell complicated words (Faust). Just when Barton was eleven her brother, David, fell off a roof and became injured and ill. At the age of seventeen Clara became a teacher and six years later she founded her own school for mill workers children. After feeling the need to be educated more she enrolled at the Liberal institute in Clinton, New York for language and writing.
Later after her studies at the liberal institute she opened up a free school in New Jersey. Under her leadership participation and attendance grew significantly (Faust). The school board did not hire her as the head but instead hired a man. During the Civil War Clara Barton was given the nickname “Angel of the Battlefield. ” Clara Barton’s work began after the Battle of Bull Run. She began an agency to get supplies to the wounded and in 1862 got permission to travel behind the lines (Faust). She eventually saw some of the worst during the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond but gave aid to those of both North and the South.
By doing so she increased the comfort for those wounded and the odds of surviving were becoming greater. In 1864 Major General Benjamin Butler named her superintendent of the Union nurses. By the end of the war she started a bureau to help find soldiers M. I. A. She was much like Huck Finn off to search for a missing Jim for she never knew where they would be. Something like this had never happened before and she managed to find information on over 30,000 soldiers. The United States first national cemetery marks the graves of more than 13,000 of these unknown Union Soldiers (Faust).
After the Civil War a doctor ordered her to go to Europe to take a break and while there learned about the Red Cross. So far twelve countries had agreed to sign the treaties to start the Red Cross but the U. S. was not one of them and promised that once she got back to her homeland she would rally to get it sign and establish it in the U. S (Faust). Not only did she bring the Red Cross back to America but she also expanded it to include giving assistance in any nation disaster. After the Civil War a doctor ordered her to go to Europe to take a break and while there learned about the Red Cross.
So far twelve countries had agreed to sign the treaties to start the Red Cross but the U. S. was not one of them and promised that once she got back to her homeland she would rally to get it sign and establish it in the U. S (Faust). Not only did she bring the Red Cross back to America but she also expanded it to include giving assistance in any nation disaster. Over all Clara Barton and Abraham Lincoln are two good examples of American patriotism during the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln is most like Huckleberry Finn (Twain). He is fearless and does what he thinks is right above all else.
Lincolns father seems to fit the role of Pap in his life and he strived to become more than his father (Twain). Clara Barton can be related to Hester from the Scarlet letter (Hawthorne). She is a strong woman but was very shy and somewhat outcast for being such a tom- boy. Clara was a woman and her scarlet letter would have been the fact that she was a woman and how that limited her (Hawthorne). Without these two prime figures of patriotism and strength our country would be far less then it is today.
Jealous Husband Returns in Form of Parrot Claim Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help
I recently read “Jealous Husband Returns in Form of Parrot” by Robert Butler which is written in first person narrator form. Writing this story in first person narrator form makes this particular story very interesting and much better of a story, and keeps the reader very interested in the story. When Butler writes this story he sets the story up from the beginning when he recognizes his wife, this places the reader in a zone to try and figure out how exactly the story is going to play out.
In the story Butler uses the parrot as the first person narrator in the story which turns out that the parrot was once the husband of the lady that buys, and takes home the parrot from the pet store. At the beginning of the story the parrot is sitting on his perch in the pet store cage and sees a lady come close to him, at that point he realizes that this lady was once his wife. The parrot says to himself in the story “Holy Shit, It’s you” (Butler) this is referring to looking at a lady that was once the parrots wife, before when the parrot was human.
Butler goes on to describe in the story by first person narrator the parrot on how the wife is touching or petting him, the parrot is once again thinking to himself “For a moment I think she knows it’s me” (Butler) without Butler writing this story in the first person narrator form, he would not be able to take the reader into the parrots, or the once husbands thoughts, and be able to make the reader feel like they are inside the story and not a person from the outside looking into the story.
The parrot starts thinking about his last day on earth as a man while he is playing with the toys in his cage; he looks back at that day relating to the toys in his cage now. In this flashback that he Has he gives the reader a picture of how the wife was, and how jealous he may have been when he was married as a man. He describes how when checking up on his wife, he fell from a tree, and if he was a parrot he could have just flown to safety, and not actually died.
He explains how he was a very jealous husband, and that his wife gave him every reason for that jealousy, describing how his wife would talk about other guys at her work, their cars, etc. Now that he was brought home from the pet store the wife puts him in a large cage just down the hallway, but unable to see into her bedroom. He know gets even more jealous seeing strange men come and go, and noises coming from the bedroom of his once wife by the following excerpt from the tory.
“My cage sits in the den. My pool table is gone and the cage is sitting in that space and if I come all the way down to one end of my perch I can see through the door and down the back hallway to the master bedroom. When she keeps the bedroom door open I can see the space at the front of the bed, but not the bed itself. That I can sense to the left, just out of sight.
I watch the men go in and I hear the sounds but I can’t quite see. ” (Butler) By Butler writing in the first person narrator form he makes the story much better because he is able to bring the reader into the story without having to continue to describe and explain the situation, instead he writes directly into the storyline making the reader understand where he is coming from.
During the story he tells that he looks out the window when these strange men come into the house where he once lived as a human, before he was a parrot, he gazes outside at the beautiful Back yard and the weather that is just right there. There is a point where he actually tries to fly to this beautiful place, but once in flight he only remembers being in pain, and dizzy only to find out that he has flown into the glass of the sliding glass door that separates him, from the beautiful outside.
He depicts that he knows that this can be very dangerous for a bird by saying “I remembered eventually about the glass, and I knew that I had been lucky, I knew that for the little fragile-boned skull I was doing all this thinking in- it meant death” (Butler) with this statement he knew that striking the glass could be death for him. During the remainder of the story while in his cage he gets irritated about the scores of different men that come to the house and disappear in the bedroom, with his wife to the point where he bashes around in the cage and screams during all this.
At the end of the story he sees his wife naked and she comes to him in the cage and picks him up and starts talking to him, during this time he is just remembering how much he loved his wife and how jealous she made him on occasions with talking about all the other guys that she worked with, he also starts to realize if she is like this now that she was probably like this while he was a human, so once she puts him down on the cage she leaves the door open.
He gazes at the beautiful day it is outside he says “And I spread my wings. I will fly now. Even though I know there is something between me and that place where I can be free of all these feelings, I will fly. I will throw myself there again and again” (Butler) Butler is describing in the first person narrator that the parrot has had enough and know that there is glass there, and knows that it could mean death but that what he wants to be free of all this jealousy.
If Butler would have written this story in any other form than the first person narrator form, the story would not have kept the reader in the story, and would not have been able to help the reader actually visualize the story. Being written in this form did make this story a much better story.
Pros to Lowering the Drinking Age college essay help: college essay help
Should people between the ages of eighteen and twenty be allowed to drink adult beverages that contain alcohol? Eighteen is the age of adulthood in the U. S and adults then have the right to make their own decisions so why not about alcohol consumption? Turning 18 gives us the right and responsibility of adulthood. Being eighteen gives us the right to vote, smoke cigarettes, serves on juries, get married, sign contracts, be prosecuted as adults, and even join the military which includes risking our lives.
Lowering the drinking age from twenty-one to eighteen would allow 18- to 20-year-olds to drink alcohol safely in regulated places with supervision. Stopping the age group from drinking in bars, restaurants, and other licensed locations causes them to drink in unsupervised places such as up in the mountains or house parties where there are no responsible adults around which they are more likely to binge drink and other unsafe behaviors.
Also lowering the drinking age from twenty-one to eighteen would make alcohol less of a restriction for people just getting into college and the workforce, it would take away the thrill that many young people get from breaking the law, and by doing this it would make alcohol consumption a more normalized activity that would be done in moderation.
Lowering the drinking age may not be safe because the brain’s frontal lobes are important for functions like emotional regulation, planning, and organization, which continues to grow through the young ages up to adulthood. Alcohol consumption can interfere with this development which could potentially cause major problems such as a more likelihood to addiction, dangerous risk-taking behavior, reduced decision-making ability, memory loss, depression, and also violence.
Of Mice and Men “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu
Of Mice and Men chooses to add and remove scenes to emphasize particular themes. He uses cinema graphic techniques to replace the objective third person narrator but maintains the dialogue to effectively confront the responder with Steinbeck’s concern relating to the need for companionship and understanding. Sinise uses imagery development in the novel to explore friendship, loneliness, and sacrifice in the context of the 1930’s rural California during the Great Depression.
Garry Sinise interprets the novel version of Mice and Men through his choice to add and remove scenes. This emphasizes the movie so that the audience will feel emotionally attached to the character and creating a deeper understanding of the plot. A critical scene that has been added to the film is the long shot of candy all alone sweeping the ground in overcast skies after his dog was shot. The overcast sky symbolizes the loneliness of candy and his feelings of loss. This gives a sense of foreboding to the views of his sadness and that maybe something will go wrong.
Also the ending long shot of Lenny and George down at the river, after George kills Lenny. In the novella Steinbeck writes that “the boys” come down to the river to find them however in the film it’s simply George alone. The removal of this scene portrays the shooting being more of a personal matter between George and Lenny. The audience also reflects back to the comment made by candy where he said he should have put his dog down and not left it for someone else to do.
The audition and removal of this scene creates a dramatic feeling in the film and allows us to see the close bond George and Lenny shared. However Sinise’s specific film techniques and camera angles show dramatic emphasis on certain sections of the film. Sinise chooses to use a point of view camera angle in the opening scene of the film to create a feeling for the viewers so the audience sees is what the character sees. Close up shots are used to allow the audience to feel the emotions of the character and the close bond they share.
For example when George and Lenny are at the river during the start of the film and also whenever they where fighting it was a close up shot of both their heads together. This symbolizes their bond when together and their differences when fighting and apart. The audience gets a hint into the loneliness that migrant workers feel and how most men traveled alone. Sinise’s use of film techniques and camera angles creates a deeper understanding of each character and there life led during the great depression of the 1930’s.
Also Sinise uses available imagery of film to create a well thought out foreshadowing and contrast of the characters. When Lenny kills the white puppy, Curley’s wife is wearing a white dress, which is the only time in the film she wears white. This foreshadows that Curley’s wife is represented as a larger puppy to Lenny. This symbolizes they both have the same fate. In the same scene when Lenny kills Curley’s wife a white bird flies out of the barn, this symbolizes they are going to heaven.
Lenny runs away and will soon go to heaven too. Through Sinise’s imagery the audience is preparing for the death of Lenny to come and gain an understanding of what is to come. Therefore Sinise’s interpretation of John Steinbeck’s novel Of Mice and Men Garry to visually confront the responder with both the possiblitities offered by human understanding and the sorrow of its loss. However the films final shots of Lennie and George walking down the road lessens the tradedy of Steinbeck’s ending.
Motion for a Judgement by Default assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney
The Plaintiffs sue the Defendant and demand a jury to try this case. The Plaintiff should be awarded Twenty-two Thousand Dollars ($22,000). Both, the Plaintiffs and Defendant were residents of Davidson County, Tennessee on June 29th, 1993. COMES the Plaintiff and sues the Defendant in the amount of Twenty-five Thousand Dollars ($25,000).
The Plaintiff was only one and half years old on the date of the injury. A minor Plaintiff, sues HERMAN A. SHULMAN, the Defendant. Plaintiffs would show: 1. That both parties were residents of Davidson County and lived next door to each other at 2413 Valley Crest Drive. Nashville, Tennessee 37201.
That on June 29th, 1993 the Plaintiff was attracted to a riding mower being driven by the Defendant, the child approached the mower from the rear of the Defendant and the blade stroke his toes; and . That as a direct and proximate result of the negligence of the Defendant, the Plaintiff was injured. COME the Plaintiffs, at all and move for a Judgment by Default. COMES the Plaintiff through his attorney and moves for a Judgment by Default.
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