Catullus 64 Analysis
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This section of CatullusÐ²Ð‚™ poem describes how Ariadne transforms and, in a way, matures after seeing Theseus. The poem describes Ariadne, before having seen Theseus, as a Ð²Ð‚Ñšuirgo regia,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ a royal virgin. More so, she is said to have been Ð²Ð‚Ñšin molli complexu matris alebat,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ or reared in her motherÐ²Ð‚™s care. Furthermore, she is compared to the river Eurotas and the colored petals of blooming flowers in spring. This portrayal of the early Ariadne gives the reader a sense of the easy, carefree life Ariadne had been living her whole life; she was royalty, and always kept under her motherÐ²Ð‚™s care. Ariadne, as a result, had not a worry in the world. Catullus in turn also lets the reader know that she is still very innocent and emotionally immature.
This changes when she sees Theseus. After catching sight of him, Ariadne burns with love for Theseus. The line Ð²Ð‚Ñšquam cuncto concepit corpora flammam funditus atque imis exarsit tota medullisÐ²Ð‚Ñœ describes how a figurative flame takes hold of her entire body and digs at her innermost marrow. This flame represents her sudden love and lust for Theseus; the fact that it digs at her innermost marrow symbolizes how she is now becoming a permanent, mature woman. Now, Ariadne is experiencing the anxieties that go along with her newfound love. She blames Cupid, Ð²Ð‚Ñšsancte puer, curis hominum qui gaudia misces,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ who mixes menÐ²Ð‚™s joys and worries. Also she blames Venus, Ð²Ð‚Ñšqualibus incensam iactastis mente puellamÐ²Ð‚Ñœ, who she believes figuratively drowned her in deep,dark seas. AriadneÐ²Ð‚™s love for Theseus, who is about to fight the minotaur, is clearly portrayed by her actions. Ð²Ð‚Ñšnon ingrata tamen frustra munuscula diuis promittens tacito succepit uota labello.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ In these lines, Ariadne prays to the gods and offers gifts to them in hopes that Theseus will
Broadway Show And Small Size Of The Stage Room narrative essay help
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CATS by Andrew Lloyd Webber
I attended the performance of Andrew Lloyd Webbers CATS at Tobys Dinner Theater in Columbia Maryland. The show in itself was the longest-running Broadway show ever. Its had a historic 6,138th performances. Other interesting facts about the show I was unaware of was it has been seen by an estimated 8 million people in the US and fifty million worldwide. It brought in $3.12 billion into the New York City economy. The show has employed 231 actors. Since its opening, nineteen have died and two, Marlene Danielle and Susan Powers, have been with the show since day one. The show has sold 390,000 T-shirts, 130,000 sweat shirts and 1.14 million souvenir books as well as outlasted two U.S. presidents (Reagan and Bush) and the Eastern European Communist Bloc.
The show is about one special night each year when the tribe of Jellicle Cats reunites to hold a ball in the same junk yard celebrating who they are and pick one cat to have the honor of going on to another life and be reborn. The cats are all members of the same tribe but living in different places. The show is performed as being that one special night and all the cats are returning to see each other again.
The play was performed, as said before, in a dinner theater. This was my first time to a dinner theater so my expectations were not really high for the overall turnout. I must say I was pleasantly surprised with the result of the entire production to include the meal. In my critique of the performance, it would only be fair of me to start with the meal and go from there.
The meal was a buffet, and I mean a full spread. The buffet included steamship round, roasted turkey breast, and baked Virginia pit ham, which was all carved to order. It also included steamed shrimp, poached salmon with lemon dill sauce, Salisbury steak, baked chicken breast supreme and catfish in the round. There were plenty of sides and an ice cream bar and cheesecake for dessert. The whole meal was professionally prepared and delicious.
The theater gives you two hours to fill up and then the show begins. One interesting thing is the actors double as your server for the meal. I know this sounds a bit low rate, but they accomplished both tasks excellently. Serving and then hitting stage to entertain with wonderful singing and acting is not easy and there was no skimping on the act.
The stage was set up as a “dinner in the round” with a maximum seating capacity of 300 people. The stage was located in the center of the room with all the dining tables surrounding the stage floor. This allowed for excellent viewing and surrounded lighting abilities. The lighting was done very well. Most, if not all of the lighting taking place from the ceiling above was always subtle when need be and brilliant when expected. The lighting accented the characters and their costumes very well. The lighting was always directed just right as to not see undesirable movement elsewhere on the set.
The props were either very light or on wheels and were easily moved into place between songs or performances. Since the stage was centered, there were four exits on each side of the room to move the props in and out as needed. The small size of the stage room also played a key role in the sound quality of the performance. I was able to hear every word uttered without difficulty. The costumes worn by the actors were very well done. They were all different in their own way and represented cats very well. They wore tights so the actors could dance and move with ease
Obscenity Restict Freedom Of Speech And Enactment Of The Human Rights Act college essay help free: college essay help free
Does The Law Relating To Obscenity Restict Freedom Of Speech?
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The right to freedom of expression is a fundamental right, which has not traditionally been prescribed by law, but can be considered more of a moral right.
However the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998 incorporated the European Convention on Human Rights into domestic law, Article 10 of which creates a right to freedom of expression. Article 10 (1) states “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. The right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.” However this right to free speech is qualified and not absolute as Section 10 (2) imposes a number of restrictions upon its exercise; “The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals or for the protection of the reputation or rights of others.”
Two of these “restrictions prescribed by law” are the criminal offences of Obscenity and Blasphemy, which abridge freedom of expression in order to protect individuals and in some cases the public in general, against harm to moral integrity and uphold standards pf public behaviour as well as protecting religious sensibilities. The extent to which they constitute a restriction on freedom of expression, however, is a contentious issue and will be considered in due course.
The law on obscenity is aimed at protecting those who come to it willingly, against moral harm, which the obscene article is said to threaten. It guards moral integrity or protects some public interest in maintaining moral standards in a way, which overrides personal freedoms. Consequently any expression that contravenes accepted standards of social morality is potentially subject to restrictions.
Such restriction on peoples expression is justified by the Ðharm principle as developed by John Stuart Mills whereby expressive material may only be restricted/interfered with if can be shown to cause harm to others. However there are divergent views on what constitutes Ðharm. Some attribute the narrower definition, limiting it to physical or psychological harm that is scientifically evaluable. Others, instead of concentrating upon material harm are prepared to include moral and ideological harm within the definition, which is less easy to establish upon objective criteria since it is not always scientifically verifiable. Hart, similar to Mills also favoured reliance upon personal harm and whereas these views are more individualistic, Devlin, on the other hand, believed that society needs a common moral core to retain its stability and therefore any attacks on basic moral standards threaten and cause harm to society as a whole even if no individual suffered immediate and identifiable personal harm. This essentially requires the law to enforce a wider range of moral demands. However it is undesirable to indiscriminately criminalize all immoral conduct or expression, as the resulting interference with freedom of expression would be extensive especially due to the uncertain scope of morality within a diverse society.
It must be clarified that the protection of morals is not purely a philosophically or politically advanced notion, as under Article 10(2) of the ECHR, it is laid down as one of the justifications for interferences with freedom of expression. This also recognises that the steps necessary for the protection of morals will depend upon the morality to which the country is committed and thus the European Court of Human Rights will allow a Ðmargin of appreciation to states in deciding what moral standards they should enforce and by what means.
One of the means adopted in Britain to enforce such morality is the Obscene Publications Act 1959, which makes it an offence to publish an obscene article. Under Section 1 (1) “An article shall be deemed obscene if its effect or the effect of one of its items is, if taken as a whole, such as to tend to deprave and corrupt persons who are likely in all the circumstances to read, hear or see the matter.” This offence is a welcome liberalization of the previous offence of obscene libel whereby in order for an article to be considered obscenely libelous it was sufficient that some part of the “matter charged as obscenity is to deprave and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences and into whose hands a publication of this sort may fall as established in R Ðv Hickin (1868). Therefore not only was it possible to obtain a conviction by taking an isolated passage in a book out of its context and prove that it tended to deprave and corrupt, it was sufficient to prove that it would deprave and corrupt the most sexually naÐ”Ð‡ve person who may chance upon it. Thus the law was fairly wide and the tests laid down were easy to satisfy resulting in a great restriction upon freedom of expression. However, as Salmon LJ commented in R Ðv Calder & Boyers (1968) “the Act of 1959 was an Act to amend the law relating to the publication of obscene material” and it has certainly had a liberalizing effect in many respects.
Under the current law, the likely readership who may be depraved and corrupted is far more restricted as it is “any persons who are likely in all the circumstances” to see/read the allegedly obscene material. This initially received clarification in R Ðv Calder and Boyers (1968) where it was held that “clearly this cannot mean all persons, nor can it mean only one person for there are individuals who may be corrupted by almost anything. The court is of the opinion that the jury should be directed to consider whether the effect of the book was to deprave and corrupt significant proportion of the persons likely to read it.”
The issue was also addressed in R Ðv Whyte (1972) where the question for the Magistrates was whether pornographic material, sold by the defendant, was likely to corrupt and deprave the Ðlikely readers, who were it was decided middle aged men since these were the frequent customers. A Ðsignificant proportion of these Ðlikely readers were the hardcore of these regular customers whose morals were already in a state of depravity and corruption. Therefore it was doubted that such minds “could be open to any immoral influence which the books were capable of exerting” so that the books would not have a tendency to deprave and corrupt. Although
Impact Of Technology And North American Society summary and response essay help
The Impact of Technology on North American Society
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The North American society has become heavily depended on technology over the recent few decades. Whether or not technology is impacting society positively or negatively has always been a very controversial topic. Nevertheless, it is clear that, in North America, technology has become a vital part of everyones lives. Technology has become such a essential part of society because of its enhancement to North American society.
Technology is good for the North American society because of its importance in the communications field. Communications technologies has made great advancements since the invention of telephones in the 1870s. Communication has become much easier since then. North America today, everyone has easy access to technologies such as telephones or cell phones, making it very convenient to keep in touch with family, business partners, and emergency services such as the Police or ambulance. Communications, in fact, has expanded beyond telecommunications to other approaches such as emails, social networks, text messaging, etc. Thus, the positive impact of technology in North America can definitely be seen through the easy access to communications, as well as its contribution to health care.
Technology has clearly enhanced North American society because of its impact on the medical fields. In the mid 20th century, the life expectancy around the world is 48 years, while the life expectancy for women in the United States today is 85 years (World Health Organization). Life expectancy increased by nearly 50% in less than a century. Looking at these statistics, it is evident that medical technologies has made a great contribution in the health care system, proving the importance of technology in North American society. In addition to the impact Technology has made in the medicine field, technology has also made other positive contribution to North America, such as in the transportation industries.
Technologies has made transportation very accessible and convenient in North America. These technology includes cars, planes, trains, ships, and more. Airplane is one break through in the transportation technology industry that has been a vital part of the world community since it was produced. In 2007, 1.4 billion passengers traveled on planes in the USA alone (Worldwide Airports Lawyers Association). Moreover, these technologies are also used for the transportation and import/export of goods and products, building
Influence Of Technology And Face Communication free essay help online: free essay help online
The Influence of Technology on the Advancement of Scholarship in Education?
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What do you believe has been the influence of technology on the advancement of scholarship in education?
Technology is a part of everyday life. We cannot escape its impact on everything whether its the use of a cell phone to access the internet or the use of a laptop computer while on the go or even HD television. There is no escape so we either have to learn to accept it and adapt or be left behind. Technologys influence on the advancement of scholarship in education has wide reaching effects. Perry and Smart (2007) suggest that “to succeed in the twenty-first-century environment, graduates will need to be intellectually resilient, cross-culturally literate, technologically adept, and fully prepared for a future of continuous and cross-disciplinary learning” (Perry & Smart, 2007, p. 17). In other words, the learning environment should prepare students for the real world. Teachers have to meet the students where they are. No longer are students bombarding teachers offices, instead filled inboxes await once the email is turned on. Perry and Smart (2007) posit that the increasing diversity of students is necessitating more faculty attention to addressing individuals learning needs, and the increase in technology requires faculty to and implement new technology-related skills to facilitate their teaching and to respond to the constant press of email messages” (Perry & Smart, 2007, p. 65).
Technologys impact has definitely been felt in the nursing field. “Nursing is currently taught and practiced with great reliance on technology” (Bastable, 2007, p. xi). This is especially evident in our program. We communicate primarily through discussion postings on WebCT, emails and when in groups, telephones. Face-to-face communication is quite rare. Technology has greatly aided in research. Garfield, Cronin, and Atkins (2002) argued that “research was clustered around three variables: producers of the communication . . ., artifacts of communication . . . and communication concepts” (Garfield, Cronin & Atkins, 2002, p. 146). The impact of the new communication technologies to scholarly communication cannot be understated.
Bastable, S. (2007). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practioners (3rd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Impact Of Cellular Phones And Cell Phone Etiquette my essay help uk: my essay help uk
The Impact of Cellular Phones on Thje Business World
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New inventions have always changed society not only technically, but socially. The introduction of cellular phones is no different. These recent gadgets have found its way into our everyday lives. We carry it around, keeping it close to us in case we miss an important call or just any call. We feel safer with it on us, we can connect with people even while we are driving down an empty road. But, what else shows that cellular phones have affected us socially/cullturally?
– A simple Google search of the phrase “Cell phone etiquette turns up about 168,000 hits of site after site explaining the proper way to use cell phones in public, published books focued on how to behave with your cellular phone, and it goes on and on. If there is a right way to use your cell phone, there is a wrong way. When a new technology has the power to direct the way humans should or should not behanve, there is a definite cultural impact.
– Above, the picture of a car is by a camera phone. The photo was taken by a boy who escaped an alleged captor who was trying to lure him into his car. The man was arrested later thanks to the picture that showed the car and its license plate.
– According to anthropologists hired by a Baltimore company, Context, Americans are “routinely late” now that they can warn the other party of their tardiness and can easily set up another time on their cell phones without leaving the other line waiting.
– The same study reveals that in South America, the introduction of cell phones have made them more aware of prompness than the past leniency would have demanded. Why? The study does not specify but it could be that all the features many cell phones now come equipped with (calendars, alarms, clocks) gives them no excuse to be late.
– Many professors now demand that all cell phones be turned off at the beginning at class since past experience has led to disrupting calls ringing throughout the lecture hall.
– Lowell High School of San Francisco has made a rule that students should not be carrying cell phones around to class unless they have written permission from their parents. This would not have come up unless it has been a problem before.
-Cell phones equipped with a camera has caused many disturbing problems. “Digital shoplifting” is one of them. Bookstores have trouble with people taking pictures of pages without
Industrial Revolution And New Methods Of Farming free essay help
The Industrial Revolution
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The Industrial Revolution came through the world very slowly, but built up to present day knowledge on technology, economics, and even sociology. The sudden change of events in the mid-1700s changed the way of life forever. The changes from the Industrial Revolution did not emerge by themselves; many people are recognized for their contributions to this changing of history. It was a turning point in history.
The Industrial Revolution had many factors which made it to be seen as a turning point in history. One factor was Britain having natural advantages that others didnt. It was richly covered with coal and iron ore and had easy access to waterways. It was mostly placed at the crossroads of international trade, and internal trade was influenced by the absence of domestic tariffs. After the union of England and Scotland in 1707, the largest free-trade area in Europe, political liberty was guaranteed, and a relatively open social structure made social mobility common, giving an increase to the accumulation of wealth.
Another factor was the agricultural revolution which began in the 1600s in Britain. New methods of farming, such as new methods of crop rotation and the use of turnips to restore exhausted soil, helped to create larger crop output. According to Asthton (1997), “In the eighteenth century most of the people of Britain earned their living by work on the land”(p.18). But, due to such advances, many people were initially not needed to work the fields, therefore leaving many out of work. A population “boom” emerged because of the agricultural revolution, people were healthier with no fear of famine, diseases such as the bubonic plague had faded away, and sanitation with improved medicate appeared. Due to this, death rates decreased and birthrates increased. Since many men and woman were forced out of farm labor, many had to seek jobs in larger cities. Men, women, and even children had to work the mines, build factories, and run machines. In a factory, many worked twelve to sixteen hour shifts in dangerous conditions where one could even lose a life from the machines being used. Those who worked in the mine had to take in coal filled air day after day. The thought of children working in such harsh conditions was not accepted by many and later very slowly led to Parliaments passing of laws made to regulate child labor. Many people debated whether or not the Industrial Revolution was a blessing or a curse. Soon enough, though, laws were passed to improve working conditions. Unions won the right to fight for better wages and the demand rose so many more factories were erected, making more and more jobs. Britain tried to enforce laws on exporting inventions so that they would be the only advanced society of the revolution, but the spread of the Industrial Revolution was unavoidable. Like Britain, other countries had trouble in the beginning of their industrializations. Again, men, women, and children worked in harsh conditions for long periods of time. Also, more and more goods were produced at lower prices. New methods were produced, such as the assembly line, which sped up production greatly.
Many businesses grew, and entrepreneurs began making monopolies and trusts. According to Clarkson (1990), “The entrepreneur, acting either as an individual or jointly with others in an organized association, having set up his business or taken over an existing one, could confine his activities to determining major policy decisions involving, inter alia, the exploration of technical and/or organization innovations and the continuous adaptation of the firm so as most profitably to exploit his chosen market”(p.71). This was a start to how business works today. As the industrial revolution progressed, cities changed more and more. Sidewalks were made, sewer systems helped citizens keep healthier, and architects began making towering buildings. Although these changes made the cities more appealing, the poor and unemployed still lived crowded. Conditions did not greatly increase for the poor. The lower working class began to protest for better conditions. According to Stearns (1998), “Factory workers sometimes faced an increase in poverty, as wages were kept low and prices of some goods rose. Other workers, as we have seen, won modest benefits from the industrial revolution, and certainly the tendency after the initial decades was for standards of living to improve”(p.57). By the late 1800s most European countries gave people the right to form unions and bargain on their own behalf. The fast growth of these labor unions gave workers many reforms. Children under ten no longer could be employed, which hurt many families, but was a turning point to the end of child labor. Other laws gave workers better conditions, wages and the standards of living rose. As the industrial revolution grew, so did the western social structure. The middle class had grown into a way of life. Good manners were important and it controlled social behavior. Parents supervised their children so that they would not make a false impression on their parents. As many middle class families had maids and cooks, the help at home also reflected their masters and were expected to be seen and not heard. Although earlier it was accepted for the parents to prearrange marriages, it became more common for children to choose their own husband or wife. Between the husband and wife, the division of labor changed. At first husbands would be able to work so that their wives could stay home, while they would do charity work or do work for the church. These ideas rarely came into a lower class home. As social order shifted, women began to protest restrictions on women. Women wanted more control over property and the right to vote. Although women did not get these rights very quickly, they slowly did in country after country. Education also became more popular, industrialized societies believed they needed an educated workforce. As schooling became more and more popular, universities expanded, but at the time, only affordable by middle or upper class families. Many things happened in this period of time that it is easily seen why it is thought to have been a turning point in history.
Many people are to be accredited for all that came out of the Industrial Revolution. According to Hindle & Lubar (1986), “Before that period of change, craft technology was dominant, depending on hand tools, simple machines, individual skills, and small shop or home productions”(p.9). Some of the first men to change the way it once was were Lord Charles Townshend and King George III who contributed to the agricultural revolution. The agricultural revolution made farms workable with less people, causing the need for more jobs. James Watts invention, the steam engine, needed coal to
Special Function Keys And Outs Of The Computer college application essay help online: college application essay help online
The Ins and Outs of the Computer – Input and Output Computer Devices
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Running Head: Input and Output Computer Devices
The Ins and Outs of the Computer
The computer that we use in our homes and places of business usually consists of a box containing the computer, a mouse, a couple of disks with drivers, a monitor for output and a keyboard for input. We may connect the computer to any number of local or remote peripherals of other computers, but here is the foundation of the computer. It is here that everything starts, and here is where all of the innovations and ideas of the present day have been started. For the moment lets assume that sufficient processing takes place inside the computer, and look at how things get in and out.
Keyboards are one of the most important input devices for a computer. They serve as your primary means of communication with your computer. Most keyboards have an ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) layout, which includes a numeric keypad, special function keys, special control keys, as well as typing keys. The typing keys are just the keys containing the twenty-six letters of the alphabet. These keys have a QWERTY setup. QWERTY stands for the first six letters in the top row of the standard letter keys. It was designed so that the most commonly used letters would not be near each other. There are also other parts to the keyboard such as the numeric keypad, the function keys, and the control keys. The numeric keys are a group of 17 keys located on the right of your keyboard that includes all of the numbers from 0-9, a plus sign, a minus sign, and other assorted keys. Since many computers are used for business purposes and to input numbers into a computer, the numeric keypad was designed which made it easier and faster to input numbers. The control keys are intricate keys like del (delete), ctrl (control), alt (alternate), shift, and enter. The delete (or backspace) key is used to erase characters in a document. The esc (escape) key is normally used to exit out of a program or application, while when you strike the enter key, a task or command is carried out. The tab key is primarily used to indent in a document. The shift key is often used in combination with other keys. Lastly, there are the ctrl and alt keys. Like the shift key, these are also used in combination with other keys, and they typically perform functions related to those of the function keys.
To interact with things on the screen, some kind of pointing device is necessary. The most universal of these is a mouse. We use mice to direct our cursor to a certain point, and then we click on a button to select our choice. Mice have from one to three buttons, normally, and may have more along with a clickable scrolling roller wheel on the top. Other pointing devices include joy sticks, or as a little pencil eraser-sized ball in the center of the keyboard (usually on laptops), light pens, touch screens, or touch pads.
Scanners have slowly made their way into the everyday lives of the common public. They are ways in which graphical images can be inputted into the computer for touch-ups or to be circulated through the Internet.
You communicate everyday with your computer via the computers monitor. The monitor is the screen that displays the programs you are running, the images and documents, and all sorts of other information. Unlike most other parts of your computer, the monitor does not perform any calculations or operations. Instead, it is only responsible for passing on all of the information to you by displaying it on a screen. Most monitors are based on the CRT, or cathode ray tube. Cathode ray tubes are glass tubes that are narrow at one end, and open up to a wide screen at another. They are the display devices of the monitors.
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In the last decade the Internet has grown from a dream into the most advanced reality. You can find practically anything you want to on the worlds fastest growing tool. Computers are now very advanced and affordable so the Internet is also one of the most widely used tools. Like anything in the world the Internet also has a few bad points, however I think that the good points of the Internet out weigh the bad ones.
General information can be easily found on any subject with the simple click of the mouse. Many people use the Internet in genealogy research, or track down family or friends on a people search. The Internet can also take the place of a phone book with phone number search engines and yellow page directories. It can also be a great advantage when one is planning to travel; maps are easily accessed, and unlimited research can be done on a destination. One can easily find information on any hobby, and there is usually an Internet club for every hobby imaginable. If one is into games then there are demos for most computer games, or you could even play chess with someone overseas. There are also an unlimited number of personal ads to have fun with or maybe make a new friend. I am a music lover and there are an unlimited number of resources for all types of music. I have downloaded nearly 400 songs from the Internet, and it was all free and legal. If one does not have time to go shopping for Christmas there are millions of online stores for any type of gift; there are even online grocery stores. One can search huge databases of used or new cars until they find the one that is right for them. There are also thousands of classified adds to search through if the item one is looking for cannot be bought new or is discontinued. There are even online auctions where one can conveniently buy or sell new or used items. One can even pay their bills online. Of course if one wants to look into a product before they purchase it there are discussion forums on nearly every item. For the business man there are sites to buy, sell, research, or get quotes on ones stocks. All the top news groups have web sites, and there are even weather sites.
The Internet is also a wonderful tool for extensive research. I used the Internet to find information to write this paper with. Also, extensive research can be done for other schoolwork, or any research that one might need to do for work. There are many marketing companies that use the Internet to post polls. A lot of businesses are on the Internet, and advertising is available.
There are many forms of communication available via the Internet that do not cost anything extra to use. E-mail is probably the most widely used form of communication on the Internet; it has practically
Bsd Packet Filter And Internals Of Libpcap college admission essay help
The Internals of Libpcap: A Case Study
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THE INTERNALS OF LIBPCAP: A CASE STUDY
BY: VIVEK GUPTA,
STUDENT, MS(IT), DA-IICT, GANDHINAGAR.
EMAIL: [email protected]
BSD: Berkeley Software Design.
TCP: Transmission Control Protocol
IP: Internet Protocol.
BPF: BSD Packet Filter.
Data Link Provider Interface.
libpcap: Packet Capture Library.
JNI: Java Native Interface.
NIT: Network Interface Tap.
CSPF: CMU/Stanford Packet filter.
Packet capture is a fundamental mechanism in network management. It is used to support a wide range of network operational tasks, such as fault detection, protocol analysis, and security assessment. Libpcap is one of the most common and basic libraries available for the purpose of packet capture. Inspite of the fact that the library has existed for a considerably long time there is no document which explains the underlying concept about the working of this library. In this paper, I would be presenting the system level working of libpcap, i.e., concept as well as coding. The paper is intended to providing the reader with concepts, which will enhance his or her understanding about the packet capture library. The reader should be able to design and code library of the similar kind. This working is explained with reference to a network-monitoring tool. I have tried to explain the core concept as well as its application within the library in the paper.
Packet Capture in simple words means “to grab packets”. In order to grab packets we need to access the primary facility provided by the operating system so that there is access to packets in their raw form. To make a network monitoring application we need to capture all the packets over the network. The packet capture library allows us to intercept any packet that is seen by the network interface. We need to put the interface on that network into a “promiscuous” mode, so that we can capture all packets on the network segment on which it is running. Once the packet is captured it is handed off to the operating system, which must determine what type of packet it is. The operating system then strips off the Ethernet header of the packet and looks at the upper layers. By using the libpcap library, it is possible to write our own network monitoring tools. Libpcap provides us with a portable framework for low-level network monitoring. The general layout of a Packet Capture Library based monitoring tool is as follows: 
Setting the device: We begin by determining which interface we want to sniff on. In Linux this may be something like eth0, in BSD it may be xl1, etc. We can either define this device in a string, or we can ask pcap to provide us with the name of an interface that will do the job.
Initialization of pcap: At this step we tell pcap what device we are sniffing on. This part consists of initialization of the capture interface, which includes setting the interface in promiscuous mode.
Filtering traffic: In the event, when a user wants to sniff for specific traffic (e.g.: only TCP/IP packets or only packets going to port 23) we must create a rule set, “compile” it, and apply it. This is an optional step.
Actual Sniffing: Finally, pcap is made to enter its primary execution loop. In this state, pcap waits until it has received the desired packets. Every time it gets a new packet in, it calls another function that is already defined. The function that it calls can be customized.
Wrapping up: After the sniffing needs are satisfied, the session is closed.
In this paper, I will be presenting the internal working of libpcap library with respect to these steps. The next section titled “Background” gives us a brief idea about the history of the libpcap library. In the following section titled “Internals of libpcap” I will be covering the concept and associated coding for the library. This has been explained with respect to the steps stated above. Lastly I would be concluding by describing my experience with the libpcap library and java implementation of the libpcap library.
Libpcap is a system-independent interface for user-level packet capture. Libpcap provides a portable framework for low-level network monitoring. The three common methods to access the data link layer under UNIX are BSD Packet Filter (BPF), SVR4 Data Link Provider Interface (DLPI) and SOCKET_PACKET type sockets interface. The libpcap works on all three interfaces and by using the libpcap library programs can be made independent of the actual data link access provided by the operating system . The libpcap interface supports a filtering mechanism based on the architecture in the BSD packet filter. BPF is described in the 1993 Winter Usenix paper “The BSD Packet Filter: A New Architecture for User-level Packet Capture”. The authors of this paper Steven McCanne and Van Jacobson have comprehensively explained the concept behind BPF. They have mentioned about the architectural improvements that they have made to the previously existing designs used in UNIX. These changes were made to use the facility available with the modern PCs. They have also made comparative study with similar packet filters like SunOS NIT. The authors also claimed that BPF offers substantial performance improvement over existing packet capture facilities 10 to 150 times faster than Suns NIT and 1.5 to 20 times faster than CSPF on the same hardware and traffic mix .
Libpcap provides user-level subroutines that interface with the BPF to allow users access for reading unprocessed network traffic. Although most packet capture interfaces support in-kernel filtering, libpcap utilizes in-kernel filtering only for the BPF interface. On systems that dont have BPF, all packets are read into user-space and the BPF filters are evaluated in the libpcap library, incurring added overhead. The original authors of the library are Van Jacobson, Craig Leres and Steven McCanne, all of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA. The library is now maintained by the Tcpdump group
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The Internet – Threat or Asset?
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The Internet – Threat or Asset ?
The new age of technology was born late last century in the form of the silicone chip. Since this early invention computers have progressed in leaps and bounds from the very basic early models to the now very complicated and very powerful computers and laptops of today. In between this growth the Internet developed into a mega market where billions of dollars are traded daily. It is a place where you can pretty much buy and sell anything you can think of. But with the development of such a powerful tool there are always going to be problems such as pornography, hackers, dodgy chat rooms and authenticity of information. But like with any argument you have to way up the good with the bad, the internet provides you with a wealth of information so that you can find out much on many different products, allows businesses to function so much more efficiently, there is also the availability of online learning.
A major threat to the people who use the internet, especially children, is the sex industry. It is very hard to ignore as there are thousands of sites of which many have very unobvious site names. This makes it very easy for children to access accidentally sites which are very inappropriate and can have great harmful effects on a young childs very impressionable mind. It is not acceptable for a young person to be exposed to the intimate world of adult pornography which can include anything from child porn to bestiality. Fortunately you are able to get programs such as “net minder” which protects young children from the filth on the net. These programs are regularly up dated barring more and more inappropriate pages as the net is constantly growing.
A major threat that nearly everyone who goes on the internet faces is the attack of hackers who can pretty much strike anyone at any time inflicting major damage and loss of money. These hackers are able to gain your confidential information using special hacking tools, this means they can get your credit card number that you gave out when doing online shopping and use it much to there benefit. These people are also able to create viruses that have the sole purpose of destroying and damaging your computer software. The “I love you” e-mail that was circulating the web recently is a good example of what people are capable of.
Many people now days us chat rooms and the like to make new friends and meet different people. This in turn can create problems as there is a danger of meeting weird people who may want to harm you. They can make themselves seem to be different from the person they really are, this can be a real danger if someone
Iago’S Motivations And Thomas Wilkes devry tutorcom essay help
Essay title: Iago’s Motivations
Every good play has a great villain. Othello by William Shakespeare is no exception. In writing Othello, Shakespeare took characters he had gotten from an Italian short story, and developed them further. I would not say Shakespeare created Iago, but he definitely made Iago the evil man that everyone knows him to be. Iago may be one of the greatest villains of all time. He was honest, loyal, and brave in all of the other characters’ eyes. However, in reality he was a cruel, deceitful, immoral man. As with every great villain, Iago had to have been motivated by something. Although it is debatable, I believe the main motivation behind his villainy is his repressed homosexuality, and his attraction to Othello.
There are many different views on what motivated Iago to set out to destroy so many innocent people. Many critics argue the not being promoted is his only motivation. Clearly, Iago’s ego was shattered when he was not promoted, however, it seems to be just another excuse for hating Othello. Thomas Wilkes believes that Iago’s motivation for wanting to destroy Othello was based only on him not being promoted to lieutenant. He says that Iago had “no other real motive for his villainy.” Wilkes recognized that Iago stated other possible motives, but argues that he only used them to deceive Roderigo. Wilkes’ opinion is a very popular one, but I believe that the real motivation is more complex than his not being promoted. If that was the only reason, why did he not stop scheming after Othello made him lieutenant?
Stanley Edgar Hyman believed that Iago was just plain evil. Actually, that he was, in fact, Satan. He says that
Iago is motivated by the fact that he is Satan or a figuration of Satan, eternally fixed in posture of hatred of God and envy of man. He wins the souls of men by promising to gratify their desires: Roderigo’s for Desdemona, Cassio’s for his return to favor, Othello’s for certainty (perhaps the certainty of guilt). (Hyman 29)
Iago manipulates these people so easily. He actually does, in some way, take their souls. Roderigo dies, Cassio gets torn from his lieutenant position, and Othello kills his wife and himself. All of them are ruined by the end of the play, and it was all Iago’s plan. I agree that yes, Iago is evil, but in no way do I think he is Satan.
As with Hyman, Henry L. Warnken believed that Iago was evil. However, Warnken thought that Othello had played a major role in Iago manipulating him. According to Warnken, “Othello is, in fact the source of Iago’s diabolical inspiration” (442). He says that Othello is not innocent, and that he had the “potential for evil.” I am not sure I believe either of the evil hypotheses. Anyone who read the play can see that Iago is evil, and that Othello is not as innocent as he seems, but I do not think that it is the core source of his motivations. Iago did not manipulate so many people, and hurt them all simply because he was evil.
Throughout the entire play, Iago’s reason for wanting to destroy Othello changes. Iago states many different reasons for hating Othello, either to himself or to Roderigo. The fact that the reasons Iago states seemed to keep changing is what leads me to believe that there is a much deeper psychological
Data Warehouse And Financial Sector rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help
The Impacts of Implementing a Data Warehouse in the Banking Industry
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Data warehousing in the financial sector
In the modern banking and financial sector, there is keener and stronger competition and many enterprises are much more eager to get immediate and accurate information to make better and faster decisions. Furthermore, with many banks fighting to capture new customers and the rapidly growing need for larger amounts and more specific information, traditional databases are incapable of effectively handling the demands of increasing online information retrieval, access, update, and maintenance (Hsin-Ginn Hwang et al). This inability greatly impacts businesses in a way that the management level cannot utilise internal data efficiently and effectively to assist reliable decision-making in a timely manner. As a result, it is such a critical issue for every business to seek for ways and/or means to access, store, maintain, and utilise the massive data efficiently. The method that best fulfils the needs of the business is a data warehouse.
A data warehouse is a subject-oriented, integrated, time-variant and non-volatile collection of data in support of managements decision making process (Inmon). It also acts as a specially prepared repository of data created to support decision making. Data is extracted from source systems, cleaned, scrubbed, transformed, and placed in data stores (Gray and Watson 1998). Data warehousing is near the top, if not at the top, of most companiesÐ²Ð‚™ strategic IT initiatives. These repositories of data have great potential for providing insight into client behaviour in client-to-business e-commerce, implementing customer relationship management strategies, and supporting comprehensive performance measurement systems.
Within the financial and banking industry, it is becoming evident that corporations are realising the
First Email Message And Executive Program free college essay help: free college essay help
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Whether youre an average teenager wanting to keep in touch with friends after school, or a business person needing a low cost but effective way to keep work related material local and secret, chances are you use E-Mail or Instant Messaging services. For communication purposes in this high tech lifestyle that exists today, these systems are used only with the basic understanding needed to run these devices. You are about to learn how these systems came to be and the in depth understanding needed to make them work.
To start with, you must know that they require a system of computers connected to a LAN (Local Area Network) server. The most commonly used and largest LAN server in the world is the Internet. Since the internet hosts the majority of all IM (Instant Messaging) and E-Mail servers, then you must know the beginnings of it.
The Internets precursor was the ARPANET. The ARPANET was a large wide-area network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research project Agency (ARPA). Established in 1969 ARPANET served as a test-bed for new networking technologies, linking many universities and research centers. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, followed by the University of Utah. Because of his unique expertise in data networking Len Kleinrock would use the technology which by then had come to be known as “packet switching”. When TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) was adopted by the ARPANET as its connection for the networks, the Internet was born.
The first email message was sent by Len Kleinrock in 1973. He used the Resource-Sharing Executive program (RSEXEC) to send a message to a man in London that he forgot his razor in his room and to retrieve it while at the international meeting for government funding projects like the ARPANET from other countries. To do so he first had to run the RSEXEC program in his home in Los Angeles and then had to think of a person on the network at 3 A.M. When he did, he put the “where so-and-so” command in and connected his computer to the other so the TALK command would be enabled. RSEXEC opened a split screen window, one to write messages and the other to read. As time passed, this process of using a resource sharing program as a message sending system became widely used.
Later a man named Ray Tomlinson created a message mailing and message reading program. To send messages, youd use the program “SNDMSG”; to receive/read messages, youd use the program “READMAIL”. Even though Tomlinson was famous for his invention of this two programs his main claim to fame was a decision he made while writing these programs. He needed a way to separate the e-mail address from the username. He wanted a character that would not be used in the username. While looking at the standard keyboard used by most ARPANET users, he chose the @ symbol. Ray did not intend the program to be used on the ARPANET, like most mailbox programs it was intended to be used on local time-sharing systems. It was designed to handle mail locally and not over wide distances.
Stephen Lukasiks, when appointed as head of the agency that ran the ARPANET, first action was to receive an e-mail address and access to the ARPANET on his “portable” computer. He was also one of the very first business men who promoted the idea of using mailbox systems like Tomlinsons for work related communication. During meetings he would use his computer to dial-up his mail to view. Many workers saw this as a way to get the boss approval on an idea quickly. But by 1973 three quarters of all traffic on ARPANET was e-mail. With the e-mail flow was so large and Lukasik being the boss, his e-mail was piling up in his in-box. The day after talking to Larry Roberts about his e-mail situation, Roberts came in with a bit of code that could show a menu of messages, file messages, or delete them. This program was the very first e-mail manager. Many people on the ARPANET loved Roberts program “RD” for READ. Soon people began to make little tweaks to it and operating systems where flooded with programs such as NRD, WRD, BANANARD, HG, and MAILSYS.
One of the later complications with e-mail were the header wars. The header wars where based on human disagreement on how much information was to be displayed at the head of a message. Of course, many people displayed information in their header that other people would say as too much and considered it to be out of balance with the message. The problem was solved when a regulation was set for the header to only show the date and from categories.
As time past, more people became relaxed on what they said over e-mail and there began to come messages about anti-war including forms of anarchy and disagreements over Nixons impeachment.
As e-mail systems became large and more complex, separate computers called servers where dedicated to running new e-mail programs some examples would be SMTP, POP3, IMAP.
By 1976 the number of e-mail messages sent compared to the amount of first class mail handled by the Postal Service was still a child compared the Postal Service, but the increasing numbers of e-mail transactions were not going unnoticed. These increasing numbers caused Arthur D. Little to include in his report
Clarissa Vaughan And Laura Brown essay help writing
The Hours is a novel that deals with the various cultural aspects of life. Michael Cunninghams writing reflects the various nuclear families, the different economic conditions, and the social issues involving the three women in the novel.
The Hours begins with Virginia Woolf who is married to Leonard. They do not have any children of their own. Woolf lives in London in 1923 battling mental illness and struggling to write a book, Mrs. Dalloway. She struggled and finished the book according to Tony Peregrin “at the age of 43”. Woolf is financially stable due to her husband was a publisher. She had a cook, Nelly, and a housekeeper Lottie. By 1941, The Second World War was going on and Virginia Woolf had committed suicide.
The second protagonist in the novel is Laura Brown, a housewife who is living in Los Angeles in 1949. Her traditional family consists of her husband Dan who is a war hero of sorts, works in an office, provides for the family while Laura statys at home and cares for the family. She has one child, Richie, and is expecting another child. The Browns live in a nice home with manicured lawns, nice Cheveorlet in the driveway, in Los Angeles. Laura smokes, reads Mrs. Dalloway, and is infaturated with Virginia Woolf and her suicide. She desires to commit suicide but opts out to leave her family and move to Canada instead. Life and death will bring the mother and son together. Laura may not have the nerve to kill herself, but her son Richard, fell to his death from a fall from the window while suffereing from AIDS.
The third protagonist, Clarissa Vaughan, who was given the name Mrs. Dalloway by Richard. He was a one time lover of hers. The period is 2001. Clarissa is financially stable and independent while living in the upscale Greenwich Village area with her live in lover, Sally of 10 years. Clarissa has a daughter, Julia who was conceived by artificial insemination by an unknown donor. Julia has a gay friend, Mary who Clarissa is not very fond of.
Although Woolf, Brown, Vaughan are women that are struggling with their own internal issues of restlessness in the place of where she lives, contemplating
Hilary Burke And End Of The Book Hilary college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx
If I Shoulddie B4 I Wake
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In the book “If I Die Before I Wake” by Han Nolan a girl named Hilary Burke has been severely injured in a motorcycle accident while riding with her boyfriend, Brad, the leader of a local neo-Nazi gang. The closest hospital is a Jewish hospital and Hilary is taken there, Nazi armband and everything. In a strange twist of fate, Hilary is transported back through flashbacks to the German occupation of Poland where she becomes a girl named Chana.
Chana is a young girl who, along with her Polish family, is faced with the horrors of being a Jew in wartime Poland .Hilary sees World War II in the perspective of Chana. The story flips back and forth between Chana and Hilary with one major plot in each girl’s life. Before her accident, Hilary helped out with her friends to kidnap her Jewish neighbor, Simon, and they stuffed him in a gym locker at school. There is a large search underway to find him. While Hilary thinks treating the Jews differently is funny, she has to live in the eyes of a Jewish person while she flashes back into Chana’s time. In Chana’s story she goes through the full horror of being Jewish under Nazi rule which includes the complete breaking down of her family, the horrors of the Lodz ghetto, and ultimately the suffering of Auschwitz. Meanwhile, Hilary and her mother don’t have the best bond. Yet Hilary’s mother does all she can to help nurse her back to stable heath, and she sits by her side the whole time while she is at the Jewish hospital. Even when there was a horrible fire at the hospital, Hilary’s mother stays with her.
Throughout this book, Hilary realizes how wrong she was treating Jews. Chana shows her what it was like to be her during hard times. Towards the end of the book Hilary learns to treat Jews in a better way. By Being Chana, Hilary lives as a Jew and sees how it was like to be treated poorly. She witnessed almost all of Chana’s family and friends getting killed, and she saw Word War II in front of her very eyes. In the end Hilary lives throught the hard times both her and Chana went through. She tells her mother where Simon is,
Instant Messaging And Author John Dvorak english essay help
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When historians look back at the latter half of the twentieth century, they might well remember it less as the time man walked on the moon and more as the time when the Internet was born. The Advancement Research Projects Agency Network, known as the ARPANET, was developed in the 1960s by the U.S. Department of Defense. This was the worlds first operational informational sharing network, and the predecessor of what we now call the Internet. Although the creation of the Internet was primarily to allow the sharing of resources, its true popularity came in the ability to send and receive mail. This communication process, known as electronic mail or more commonly referred to as e-mail, has now evolved into the most used application on the Internet today.
E-mail has had a great impact on the amount of information sent worldwide. It has become an important method of transmitting information previously relayed via regular mail, telephone, courier, fax, television or radio. An examination of these previous forms of communication provided an easy understanding of why e-mail became such a success. For example, communicating through speech, face-to-face, must be coordinated with others by location and time, therefore only a few could be reached. When utilizing writing or printing, the preparation of documents can cause a delay in time, but this method enabled the sender to reach many more people than face-to-face communication. Telephone, radio and television are able to reach a mass of people globally, but this too, had to be synchronized in time. E-mail has brought about the concept of anything, to anyone, anytime, anywhere.
After such an achievement as e-mail, what could be next? With the advancement of the Internet opening new doors, the launch of an innovative communication method called Instant Messaging began in the mid 1990s. This technology meant that the conversations that were previously being e-mailed and took seconds to send and receive, were now taking place in real time. Instant Messaging software is simply a program placed on a computer that connects to an on-line service, similar to a phone line connecting to the operator. This software permits computers to relay conversations over the Internet, which in turn means two or more people can “talk” or correspond simultaneously. Instant Messaging eliminates any delay issues with direct communication; however e-mail also evolved into another forum through Weblogs.
First introduced in the mid to late 1990s, Weblogs, also referred to as “blogs,” are Internet webpages where entries are made similar to a journal or a diary. These personal views or updates to a particular subject are presented in reverse sequential order. Blogs can cover an array of topics including food, politics or local news, but most function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images and links to other blogs, web pages and other media related to its topic. Most blogs are primarily textual and include photographs, videos or audio. Without any discretion on the choice of topic, the questions becomes why would anyone want to air their personal problems or desires for everyone to see?
According to an article entitled “The Blog Phenomenon,” author John Dvorak points out a few obvious suggestions as to why participants in blogs share their inner thoughts without hesitation. He first mentions “Ego Gratification” and explains it as a need to be the center of attention. The second possibility Dvorak cites is “Antidepersonalization.” Simply put, this is what makes a person stand out in a crowd, their uniqueness. Dvorak states another consideration is “Elimination of Frustration,” which he explains as a place to relieve the day-to-day stress and share complaints with the world. Although Dvorak does not put much emphasis on the concept that people just want to share, he defines “Societal Need to Share” as another reason people blog. Finally, the last classification
Ibong Adarna And Don Fernando my essay help uk
Ibong Adarna – Book/Movie Report – naizza
Gotoman, Angelica A. BSTM 3-2NNocom, Jean Alecsandra P.Pagobo, Junaizza Gin M.Par, Charlemaine G.Salac, Anna LorraineIbong Adarna Ibong Adarna is a famous epic from the Philippine literature. The story of this is very familiar to every Filipinos. Ibong Adarna is a mythical story, formed in narrative song and poetry called corrido and considered a big part of the Philippine literature, usually studied as part of the secondary curriculum in the country. The author of this fantastic story still remains unknown and uncertain. Some said that the author was Spanish because it has been written when the Spaniards ruled the Philippines. During those times, Ibong Adarna was known as Corrido at Buhay na Pinagdaanan nang Tatlong Principeng Magcacapatid na Anac nang Haring Fernando at nang Reina Valeriana sa Cahariang Berbania. Other critiques said that it has been written by Jose dela Cruz, a great poet here also known as Huseng Sisiw. This amazing folklore is about love, sacrifice and fantasy. Ibong Adarna literally means Adarna Bird. The story centers about catching the mythical bird that possesses magical powers. The Adarna bird is so beautiful and could change in a lot of stunning forms. It is very much hard to catch. It knows a total of seven songs which could either enchant anyone to sleep, turn into stone or heal a deadly sickness.
The Adarna bird has a fantastically long tail, shiny with metallic colors. It knows a total of seven songs that are believed to lull people to sleep and cure all sicknesses. After each song, the Ibong Adarna changes its feathers of colors and shades. After the last song, it excretes magic, and then finally, sleeps with its eyes wide open. Its droppings can transform any living organism into stone. In the story, Don Fernando, the ruler of the Kingdom of Berbania, fell ill after having a bad dream about Don Juan. In his dream, Don Juan his favorite son, was attacked by two people and then thrown into a well. None of the healers in the kingdom could heal Don Fernando, and his condition worsened. One day, an old doctor arrived in the Berbania and said that the illness of Don Fernando, which was caused by a nightmare, may be cured only by the singing of the bird Adarna (Ibong Adarna). The doctor warned that the bird is really a witch, but it must be captured and brought to Berbania to cure Don Fernando. To catch the bird, the leper advised Don Juan to stay awake to avoid its droppings, which could turn him into a figure of stone, like what happened to his two brothers, Don Pedro and Don Diego, who tried to stay awake in vain. To maintain his vigilance, Don Juan cut his palm with a razor and poured lime juice on his injury. When the bird finished its seven songs, Don Juan climbed the tree and used a gold cord to tie the Ibong Adarnas legs so that it would not escape. Afterwards, he poured water on the stone figures of his brothers under the tree and restored them back to humanity.
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Captain Howell Davis And West Coast Of Africa writing an essay help: writing an essay help
If a Pirate I Must Be
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If a Pirate I Must Be is a story of the many adventures of the early eighteenth century pirate Bartholomew Roberts, also known as Black Bart. Although many perceive pirates as rum drinking, treasure hunting savages, Black Bart was quite the opposite. Black Bart was a simple man who at first was reluctant to become a pirate. This book clearly illustrates why Black Bart is said to be the most successful pirate living during the Golden Age of Piracy. Also this book clearly states how Black Bart did affect the Caribbean and other economies more than one would expect.
Roberts was born in May of 1862 in the Village if Casnewydd Bach, in south Wales. While growing up, Bartholomew always wished to be on the sea. He first got a shot at the sea through joining the Royal British Navy. Roberts and the crew would sail to the West Coast of Africa. There the ship he sailed on, The Princess, would pick up and transport slaves. The Slave Trade was a very difficult task for the crews. вЂњRoberts knew that by the end of his voyage it was more likely he would be dead than one of the slaves. Studies later in the century showed that more than one in five if the slaving crews died during the Course of the three-legged journey between Europe, Africa and the West Indies, compared to one in eight of the slaves вЂ“ although they, of course, were on board for only one leg of the journey.вЂќ (
On June 6, 1719 along the Gold Coast of West Africa, pirates captured the Princess.
Leading the pirates who captured the Princess was captain Howell Davis with his two ships, the Royal Rover and the Royal James. Davis was also a Welshman, and was born only a few miles south of the town where Rogers was born. Thirty-four men of the PrincessвЂ™ crew including Roberts were forced to join the DavisвЂ™ crew. вЂњAs Roberts looked around him on the Royal Rover, one of the most striking features of DavisвЂ™ crew was that almost a third of the men were black.вЂќ (
A few weeks later, Captain Davis and the Royal Rover headed for the island of Princes to capture the governor and hold him for ransom. However Davis did not know that the Portuguese have figured out his true identity. вЂњThe next day, when Davis came ashore to escort the governor aboard the Royal Rover for вЂ?an entertainmentвЂ™, the governor prepared an ambush.вЂќ (
The first adventure that Roberts had as captain was to avenge the death of Captain Davis. So they went back to the island of Princes where Roberts and his crew sprang onto the island in the darkness of night, killed a large portion of the male population, and stole all items of value that they could carry away. This is another clear illustration of how Roberts affected the economy of Princes. Soon afterwards Roberts captured a Dutch ship, then two days later he captured an English ship called the Experiment. While the ship took on water and provisions on the Gold Coast of West Africa at a city called Anamboe, a vote was taken on whether the next voyage should be to the East Indies or to Brazil. The crew voted to sail to Brazil in early August 1719.
Roberts and his crew crossed the Atlantic and spent about nine weeks off the Brazilian coast, but saw no ships. They were about to leave for the West Indies when they encountered a fleet of 42 Portuguese ships in the Todos os SantosвЂ™ Bay, waiting for two men-of-war of 70 guns each to escort them to Lisbon. Roberts took one of the vessels, and ordered her master to point out the richest ship in the fleet. He pointed out a ship called Sagrada Familia with 40 guns and a crew of 150, which Roberts and his men boarded and then captured. The fight proved to be very easily won by the pirates even though the seemed to be heavily outmatched. вЂњвЂ™The dispute was hot and warm wherein many of the Portuguese fell, and two
Ice Age And Large Blankets Of Ice best college essay help
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The book I chose to read is Frozen Earth: Explaining the Ice Age by R. V. Fodor, the associate Professor of Geology at North Carolina State University. It presents the recent discoveries and history of the ice age in an easy-understanding and accessible way. He first begins with a little background of ice ages. He then talks about glaciers and how they form and act. Then he talks about the different theories of how this happened. He concludes with speaking of the future and the climate it possesses.
Scientists have discovered that in the past million years, glaciers have covered the Earth’s surface on several different occasions. There have been several “ice ages” in the Earth’s past, and twenty thousand years ago was Earths most recently recorded. Large blankets of ice covered a large majority of land, forcing man and animals southward. Much of North America was under ice. Seven-thousand years ago the glaciers had melted off and that marked the end of it. Because of the glaciers being such ancient history it is hard for scientists to obtain and interpret data. The study of glaciers and the ice age is relatively new. In Switzerland around 1800, rocks attracted geologists in developing the first ideas of the ice ages. They wondered why large smooth boulders, called erratics, were lying out of place in fields and forests. Charles Lyell argued that icebergs had placed them there. Two other scientists stated that the boulders in the valley floors were similar to those found in the glaciers of the Alps. Louis Agassiz, a Swiss scientist, proved that ice could do this. He showed other scientists of places where large moving ice sheets had scratched and carved the surface of valley walls and floors. He was finally able to prove to the scientists that there had been an ice age. All of many doubts that ice sheets could occupy such large areas of land, were silenced after an expedition to Greenland in 1852. Furthermore, in the 1850s scientists proved that there had been more than one period of colder climates followed periods of warmth. It was believed by the twentieth century that up to four ice ages had occurred during the last million years.
Glaciers are large masses of ice. The north and south poles of the globe are covered with snow and ice year-around. These areas with year-around snow are said to be above the snowline. The elevation of a snowline above sea level varies depending on the amount of heat present and the amount of snowfall a certain area receives. Ice glaciers form not only from the freezing of water but also by compaction. The best example of this is; when you balled up some snow when you were a kid and compressed it into a snowball to throw at your friend. Over hundreds of years of built up snow, glaciers form and begin to grow slowly down hill like molasses. These glaciers move from a few inches a day to rarely a couple yards a day. There are glaciers on every continent except Australia. There is actually a glacier the size of the entire United States in Antarctica. In some places it is deep as one mile! An interesting fact about glaciers; there is enough ice in the world to cover all the land in the world and the sheet would be 400 feet deep! They move like rivers through valleys. The top portion of glaciers moves faster than the bottom portion that scrapes and drags on the surface. Scientists discovered the speed of a glacier at the top of Mt. Blanc in Switzerland from the tragic burial of an entire climbing team. Fourty-one years after, there bodies were found ten-thousand feet away at the foot of a glacier. The bodies had moved eight inches a day. Glaciers move relatively slow, but there has been cases of glaciers moving rapidly out of control. The speed depends on the amount of snow being applied to the source of the glacier. Geologists focus on the rocks and moraines at the mouth of the glaciers that have been scoured and carved by the ice. The evidence is highly informal, but the cause of the ice ages has yet to be discovered. However, there has been many educated theories of why the ice ages took place.
The cause of ice ages must explain why the Earth’s climate was relatively colder during periods of the Earth’s history. Scientists first looked at the sun for the answers to the ice age. They also thought that volcanoes could have caused the glaciers. When volcanoes erupt, they produce a large area of dark smoke in the air, blocking out the sun. Could many eruptions cause black layers of smog large enough to block out the sun’s heat triggering the formation of glaciers? It is possible, but modern scientist have found no evidence of that caliber of volcanic eruptions in the Earth’s past. Scientists also looked at the history of sunspots. There was a period in Earth’s history of no sunspots, causing the temperature to drop. It was also believed that the
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Ikea Invades America Questions
Ikea Invades America Questions
1. What factors account for the success of IKEA?
2. What do you think of the companys product strategy and product range? Do you agree with the matrix approach
described in Figure B of the case?
3. Despite its success, there are many downsides to shopping at IKEA. What are some of these downsides? IKEAs
Vision Statement (in Figure C of the case) describes how the company seeks to build a partnership with its customers.
What do you think of this vision statement?
4. The fact that IKEA hopes to have fifty stores in operation in the Unites States by 2013 is an indication of how
optimistic the company is about the viability of its value proposition in this country. Do you think IKEA is being overly
optimistic in its growth plans? How would you improve IKEAs value proposition to make it even more attractive to
5. To achieve the kind of growth that IKEA is hoping for, should the company change its product strategy? If so, in what
way(s)? What about its product rangeare there limitations to the matrix approach? Should the company expand its
product lineup to include a greater number of styles and price points? In what other ways should the company consider
changing its product lineup?
6. Some industry observers have suggested that IKEA should open
Combat Zone And Tim O’Brien english essay help online: english essay help online
If I Die in a Combat Zone
Essay title: If I Die in a Combat Zone
If I Die in a Combat Zone Essay
Men have always viewed a love or need for a woman as a weakness. This is especially true in the U.S. military, where violence is sexualized and women are viewed as unnecessary. In a way, this is done to make life in the army easier because their are no women in the majority of their time. During an occupation, the local women have to incur the wrath of men trained to see them as something below human. Tim O’Brien exemplifies this in his novel, If I Die in a Combat Zone, where the soldiers in Vietnam mistreat the women used for sexual purposes like strippers and prostitutes, yet treat women in the villages as if they were their mothers. Soldiers at war, far away from the women in their lives, leads soldiers to objectify and de-humanize women.
During the basic training of Marines, they are subjected to a berating of sexist, disgusting language in order to break them of their previous life. This is best revealed in Stanley Kubricks “Full Metal Jacket”. Such references to the sexualization of violence like “God has a hard-on for marines because we kill everything we see!” and “Youre married to this piece. This weapon of iron and wood. And you will be faithful” by the drill seargeant Hartman are part of the way that they get normal, rational human beings to kill. People are no longer people, and women are no longer women, because they are they enemy. Killing Machines like Marines don’t need women, they only need to kill. This institutional conditioning makes these men into machines and the enemy into animals. This is the perfect way to overcome the logic of the antiwar sentiment to make soldiers kill.
In Vietnam, the soldier O’Brien portrays treat the local women very differently then they would women in the U.S.. The prostitutes and strippers who make their living off of the occupying soldiers are treated like objects. The soldiers, instead of jumping at the chance of time with the prostitute, barter to get the lowest price and act as if they don’t need what the prostitutes are offering. The soldiers found them just as suspicious as
Business Process Design And Changing World cbest essay help
The Impact of Information Systems on Business Process Design (or Redesign), Managerial Roles, and the Changing World of Work
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Business Process design and reengineering is a radical shift in an organizationÐ²Ð‚™s strategic thinking and approach towards institutionalization of better and efficient systems and processes. Effective business process results in enhanced productivity levels. One of the many benefits of business process is the quantification of strategy so that each step therein can be measured and improved upon.
TodayÐ²Ð‚™s commercial and regulatory climate makes the need for a controlled and efficient IT function an essential part of any business.
Organizations of every size rely on the availability, dependability, security and performance of their IT systems and services. In addition outsourced and offshore resource models are increasingly popular to gain cost and service efficiencies. As a result, many IT organizations have turned to Industry best practice frameworks such as ITILÐ® and Prince II to provide a baseline model for operating practices and help the business to reengineer his process to reach the efficient way to deliver the best service or products to his loyal customer.
The reengineering profoundly changes all aspects of business and people. Part of the organization is easy to change by reinventing a way to work. However, the other part, people, is very difficult to change. In particular, it requires not only jobs and skills change but also peoples styles – the ways in which they think and behave – and their attitudes – what they believe is important about their work. These are indispensable factors to determine whether reengineering succeeds or not. Leaders must help people to cope with these changes.
The adoption of information technology (IT) in organizations has been growing at a rapid pace. The use of the technology has evolved from the automation of structured processes to systems that are truly revolutionary in that they introduce change into fundamental business procedures. Indeed, it is believed that Ð²Ð‚ÑšMore than being helped by computers, companies will live by them, shaping strategy and structure to fit new information technologyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ While the importance of the relationship between information technology and organizational change is evidenced by the considerable literature on the subject.
In coming up with such standard methodologies, it will ensure that the business process reengineering efforts will at least meet a certain level of clients expectations and quality of results. Furthermore, using the streamlined business processes as benchmarks against complex enterprise software will ascertain that the decisions made on future software investments are well informed and hence chances of successful implementation of the IT systems are greatly enhanced.
This paper traces the background or history of BPR, challenges and how IT affects the Business Process Design and increase the efficiency of the work flow.
Business Process Design and Re-engineering has been a management concept since the late 1980s. Its popularity was greatly accelerated by an article published by Hammer in the Harvard Business Review. The BPR strategy propounded by Hammer focused on organization and management changes to bring about radical business improvements. Another school of thought championed by researchers such as Davenport and Venkatraman advocated the use of IT as an important business process enabler leading to significant improvements in productivity. However, most of the BPR research works in the early and mid-1990s were strategic in nature, pioneered largely by the business management gurus from Harvard and MIT and focused mainly on radical organizational changes.
Many of these strategic management approaches do not relate the formulation of company strategies to their deployment via the company business processes at the tactical and operational levels.
The advent of BPR software tools in the later half of the 1990s provided a feasible and comprehensive means of modeling and evaluating complete virtual enterprises in terms of their organization, business processes, information and material flows, and the IT systems design and their functionalities. The primary goal of such a complete and detail modeling process is to ensure that IT-systems as enablers are strategically aligned with the business goals and strategies of the enterprise.
The emergence of such BPR tools has transformed BPR from being uniquely a management approach to include reengineering of current tactical and operational company practices and the formulation of performance measures that can be easily tracked upon implementation of enterprise IT systems.
Recently, emerging key technologies like Internet and Web-centric technologies have radically transformed the way in which businesses are carried out. Many Dot.com start-up companies have been hurriedly set up, and many failures have been reported.
With a structured and proven approach, both for business process reengineering and for enterprise software selection, the likelihood of successfully implementing highly-complex enterprise-wide software systems is greatly enhanced.
The New World of Business
From the end World War II to nowadays, the market structure has changed tremendously. With trade barrier falling, competition intensifies by oversee competitors. The market is driven by customers because of excess suppliers.
Customers take charge and demand products and services that are designed for their unique need. As the needs and tastes of the customers change constantly, the nature of change has also changed; it has become both pervasive and persistent. Under the of notion of the division of labor principle that divides process into small and clearly defined tasks, classical business structures are no longer suitable in a world where competition, customers and change demand flexibility and quick response. A good example to show this is order-fulfillment. It starts when a customer places an order and ends when the goods are delivered.
The process typically involves a dozen or so steps that are performed by different people in different departments. Clearly, there are no customer service and no flexibility to respond to special requests. No-one is responsible for the whole process and can tell a customer when the order will arrive. Furthermore, the order passing across different departments makes the process error-prone and also delays progress at every hand-off. There are still many further problems. In particular, people working in different departments look inward and upward toward their boss and department, rather than outward toward
Case Of African-Americans And Recoloring Of Campus Life free college essay help: free college essay help
If I Am Not Inferior, Why the Need Not to Say So
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If I Am Not Inferior, Why the Need Not to Say So?
For years there has been a separation amongst the races in which some whites felt superior to minorities. Growing up one has always taught from the jump, just what racial profiling is and who it is mostly categorized with. Being a child, one could never imagine how soon reality would set in. In the case of African-Americans during the Civil Rights Era, the most common opinion of them was that they were less than human. “The Recoloring of Campus Life,” by Shelby Steele analyzes these theories and gives real life experiences of what he had endured growing up and what this generation of college students is dealing with. For some, leaving home for the first time is a battle in itself, but for African American and Caucasian students, the joint feelings of anxiety and guilt play a major role in the emotional and mental states of the students.
African Americans still have to live with the assumption that upon looking at their skin color, they are inferior. The most common stereotypes of African Americans is that they are lazy, ignorant, stupid, loud, always late (CP time), and sexually promiscuous. Some students of the Caucasian race even had the audacity to outwardly harass African American students on college campuses around the country. For example, Steele states that “at Yale last year, a swastika and the words “white power” were painted on the university’s Afro-American cultural center and at Madison members of a major fraternity on campus held a mock slave auction in which pledges painted their faces black and wore Afro wigs” to name a few. Pg. 173-1 Steele also states that he feels as though “these incidents seemed to be prankish and adolescent, though not necessarily harmless. There is meanness in them, but not much menace; no one is proposing reinstating Jim Crow on college campuses.” Pg. 174-3 Being a college student one could never understand the need for another person to pull amateur stunts on them and then turn around and they seem harmless. There is no need for anyone, no matter the race to intentionally belittle someone of the opposite genetic stock. Campus racism was what one would call a factual movie. Any grotesque act done or verbal action made caused a scene. Little did people know that what they were doing was hurting not only themselves, but the people around them as well. In those days it was apparent that “whites” didn’t care whose feelings they may have shattered and whose dreams they may have crushed. They took the approach that whatever they believed was justifiable and right in their eyes, therefore there was no need to compromise and see it any other way. A majority of Caucasians in that time period saw black people as the “limited commodity” and inferior to them.
Is there a difference between the lives of college students during the Civil Right’s movement and today’s generation? Steele states
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The Impacts of Videoconferencing in Organizations
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THE IMPACTS OF VIDEOCONFERENCING IN ORGANIZATIONS
This report analyses the various influences of videoconferencing, both positive and negative, and evaluates its usefulness in organisations. One of the major points of discussion is how face-to-face meetings, whether virtual or physical, have been affected by the embracing of this new technology by various organisations and groups. Due to the radical nature in which traditional meetings and appointments have been challenged by videoconferencing, many issues have arisen regarding its application, like whether video-conferencing actually improves communication? Another important discussion involves the cost-saving benefits to organisations, primarily through reducing travel, and how this affects organisations strategically as well as other industries (i.e. hotels, airlines). Since many organisations now compete and communicate internationally, this potential elimination of travel for businessmen and women has far-reaching consequences. This essay seeks to explore these and other issues using three major themes: ICTs have unexpected and paradoxical effects, costs and benefits of ICTs are unevenly distributed throughout organizations and society, and ICTs and socio-technical context are co-produced.
INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY
Videoconferencing is an emerging technology which enables people from any location, with the appropriate set of equipment, to communicate with each other in a virtual face-to-face manner. The impact of videoconferencing on organizations has been extensive, with the effects of this technology growing as it becomes more user-friendly and the cost of equipment decreases. As a promising technological advance, videoconferencing has already had recent impacts upon some organisations. From a positive perspective videoconferencing has permitted things like decreases in costs, greater flexibility, and heightened strategic opportunities. Nevertheless, caution must still be applied to videoconferencing, like any new device, with concern now emerging regarding the negative consequences of such technology. These extend too many areas for example interaction, psychological outcomes, and team dynamics.
A primary impact of videoconferencing is that it allows more people to conduct work from home. This has many implications such as reducing the levels of travel needed by employees and increasing the time they can spend with their family, etc. This aspect is particularly exciting in relation to disabled citizens, enabling them to do much of their work in the home office environment. It is important to note however, that this benefit is unevenly distributed throughout society. This is because people who require more sophisticated equipment or environments (assembly lines, construction areas, etc), have to be at their place of work and cannot operate from home.
Videoconferencing provides a cost-effective means of bringing a firms managers and employers together with customers. Estimates are that the average cost of a videoconference is about 10 percent that of a physical meeting. This is supported by research in the Business Research International showing that videoconferencing can provide businesses with a 90% saving, versus the cost of travelling to the meeting in person. This is another example of an uneven distribution in society, due to the fact that such systems will be of greater benefit to larger companies, who have clients in a wider variety of locations.
In the hotel industry, videoconferencing has given hotels the opportunity to diversify business by investing in and providing videoconferencing facilities. This is because some users are also likely to use a combination of in-house and off-site facilities, to meet peak demand and to deal with simultaneous bookings of meetings. Bjorn Hanson, National hospitality chairman at Coopers and Lybrand, states that “hotels can play a large role in this continuing evolution of communications technology – if they enter the market now.” He also adds that hotels are in a good position to provide videoconferencing facilities because they already offer complementary services. This presents an unexpected and paradoxical effect in that hotels can take advantage of this threatening technology, to maintain or increase business profits in the face of reduced travel volumes.
Another positive consequence of videoconferencing has been the marked ability it provides to interact face-to-face with clients, providing an extremely rich communication experience without the need to travel. This has allowed firms to greatly increase their presence by maintaining fast, convenient meetings with their clients. Face-to-face meetings are even more important depending upon emphasis of culture. This is supported by Leo Cortjens, vice president and general manager of Asia-Pacific operations for Polycom, who mentions “video becomes more valuable when the interaction involves a critical social component like trust.” In countries like as China, trust and respect are highly valued characteristics. Videoconferencing allows these characteristics to be communicated through eye contact and body language. “You can actually look people in the eye, which is very important in this part of the world” said Cortjens. This again produces an uneven distribution, primarily benefiting organisations and countries that place greater importance in face-to-face contact. This benefit is contentious however, with many arguing video-conferencing actually degrades face-to-face contact.
Videoconferencing also enables companies to have greater flexibility in their operations. Meetings can potentially be organised and held instantly no matter where the involved parties are. This permits greater communication throughout the company and heightened productivity. Currently however, such communication advantages only really exist for top management, who are the individuals with regular access to videoconferencing systems. This may change in the future as desktop videoconferencing begins to become the norm.
Another positive outcome of videoconferencing was its ability to heavily assist the Asia Pacific region during the SARS outbreak. In fact, the company Premiere Conferencing, audio and videoconferencing specialists,
Lack Of Food And Louis Xvi essay help online free
Causes Of French
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The French Revolution took place in France in 1789. There wasnt just one main cause but many causes. The king at the time, Louis XVI, was too young and too inexperienced to be a good king for France. He was the first spark to start the French Revolution. The peasants also had an impact on the Revolution. The lack of food and attention from the government were upsetting them. They were so angry so the enlightenment ideas sounded like promising ideas. The lack of food, lack attention from the government, and too many ideas are what began and ended the French Revolution.
King Louis XVI led a glamorous and expensive life. Him and his wife, Austrian princess, Marie Antoinette, spent lots of the governments money on luxuries even though the government had some financial problems. In the Seven Years War against England, France spent large sums of money on the war effort but they still lost the war and had to give up their colonies in North America. This was King Louiss first of many mistakes. He also made peasants pay a ridiculous tax, which made them very poor and hungry.
The Enlightenment is a period when new ideas spread throughout the country, which often were against the government. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. Since most of these ideas went against the government many people began to be against the government. Revolutionary thinkers such as Voltaire, and Rousseau, came up with new theories. They presented an idea of a liberal society, which appealed especially to the business population of the third estate. They also challenged the absolute right to rule and presented ideas
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The Importance of Data Accuracy
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The Importance of Data Accuracy
The accuracy of data input is extremely important. There are several types of data input. They all provide different aspects of data accuracy. There is Copy and paste method, Typing of data input manually, Verbal through
voice recognition & Verbal to a stenographer, importing from other resources. Handwritten & Scan tron scanners, network sharing, Bar Coding, Bar Scanners, Punch out Tads such as the one used in the presidential election in Florida.
I in the following Senerios the accuracy of data is described
In the Printed Questionnaires inputting data using handwritten answers that later are put through
a scan tron machine is extremely accurate. By having the original and then having an electronic devise read according to where a mark is physically placed on a sheet of paper or scorecard is quick and accurate.
In a Telephone survey, Handwritten score sheets, using a pre-determined questions in a predetermined order is accurate by repetition. Anything out of the ordinary will stand out and be easily picked up and dealt with.
Bank Checks can easily be procesed by running the check through
a scanning devise that reads reading the bottom of the checks for account routing information. While the actual Dollar a real life person inputs amount of the check with a ten key keypad for entering in numbers in a designated area of the check for accuracy of currency. This method is extremely fast and accurate for banks so that they can process thousands of checks in a timely manner.
Retail tags are marked with a bar code. Usually an Item in a retail store of thousand of items needs to identify each item respectively. So by using a bar code that put a predetermined set of #s into a code format. Any scanner in the store can simply scan the code for each identifying # instead of remembering or writing down 6 and 8 digit #s to identify. This intern eliminates the dyslexia and mixing #s up.
Long Documents, are best inputted with a scanner or copy and paste for accuracy. This will ensure no typing or grammatical errors. Monkey see monkey do. No emotions or thoughts.
Along with Accuracy of data there also Convience and Quality of output. For
Hand Held Devises a small LCD screen can easily and effectively provide a convient output. Just like having a Computer Monitor but smaller and lighter.
Color photographs are definitely in the quality category. High-resolution pictures on paper can easily be carried to provide a convient visual aid.
RÐ¹sumÐ¹s are in need of extremely high quality paper. How your resume looks and feels is as important as what it says. Your resume is a reflection of you. So high quality paper is important.
Memorandums are a convenient way of using electronic form to get your point across to a large group of media.
Statistical report needs to be put in a book like format. On high quality paper. Presentation is everything.
Company annual report would be convients if it were on a legal or ledger size medium so it may be easily read and understood. Looks are not as important as content.
A primary storage device is a Devise that is usually accessed much more often than any other device. Example Ram and a Hard Drive. A Secondary storage devise would be a Floppy, Cd Rom, DVD Rom or a backup Hard Drive.
Different types of Storage devices for Different situations.
City Of Ilheus And Growth Take Place college essay help near me
Ilheus and Its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon
Ilheus and Its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon
Ilheus and its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and CinnamonGabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon, by the author Jorge Amado, dates back to an early 20th century Brazil, in the city of Ilheus. Here, we are presented with two main characters, Mundinho Falcao and Nacib. Mundinho Falcao is a young man from Rio de Janeiro, who moved to Ilheus and enriched through exporting of materials. He had as a goal to accelerate the development of the city, ameliorate the ports and overthrow Bastos, the current ruler back then. Nacib was a Syrian man, owner of a local bar, who later in the story, falls in love with Gabriela, whom he first hired to help him as a cook. Starting with the colonization of the Portuguese, we see that Brazil undergoes several economic cycles throughout the passing years. With time, new products come to emergence and, with it, the exercise of trade of raw materials takes place, having it as one of the main supporters of the economy at the time. Therefore, there would eventually be a decline on both demand and prices, which consequently lead to crises in the economy. Long after the trades of captaincies, slavery, and sugar cane, Brazil became also a huge exporter of coffee and cacao, two products that turn out to possess great value to the country, and having its production and growth take place in the previously mentioned city of Ilheus. So, with the appearance of new “natural resources”, the cycle would restart all over again.During that century where the story is portrayed, we could see other cities in the country that were stagnant, had no industries or companies to be developed, thus causing no income of revenue and, consequently, leading to a lack of progress. Colonel Ribeirinho, mentioned in the plot, states that Ilheus “was a good place to wait to die in” (Jorge Amado, pg. 16), also mentioning the lack of pavement, ports for incoming ships, and businesses. The city was taking the same path as many others in the country, who were lead to bankruptcy. With the cacao boom, Ilheus benefited enormously. As the demand began to increase, immigrants from all over started moving into the city to partake in this new “business opportunity” that was arising and reviving another economic cycle for the country. Almost a barbaric region, the city of Ilheus was set to a revolutionary change that would bring about development ever before reached. Ilheans engaged in this production and could see, before their eyes, the economic growth that was taking place. And, as a result, with the income produced, government expenditure went towards reformations of the city, improvements that were long desired and necessary, such as roads, infrastructure, etc. Also, the private sector of the city was remodeled, with the reestablishment of old businesses and their upgrade, new and more modern houses, luxuries that can be bought with money.
This came about to give the people of Ilheus a sense of progress, of evolution, of development. The city once known for its dullness was now taking a different path in its history. All of this brought the need for a new headquarters of the Commercial Association. Even though already existing before such prosperity, the “cacao era” ended up having this renovation done, having it become a more “progressive, dynamic, influential factor” (Jorge Amado, pg. 212) in regards of what was taking place in the town. The increasing number of industries and services required a more appropriate administration in regards to the same. Another emphasis on progress that is depicted right in the beginning of the story is regarding Nacib’s situation: his cook had left him to live with her son in Rio de Janeiro, one day before he had an important dinner for a group of people. With that, he started eagerly looking for other people that would provide such a service and take her spot, but was having much trouble finding what he needed. He asks a friend, Joao Fulgencio, a bookstore owner, for help, and the same replies by saying that as demand increases, labor becomes scarce and wages go up. We take from his response that, if the demand is increasing, it means more opportunities are being developed, more work is being produced, restating the idea that advances were being made. Consequently, together with the economic panorama in a constant change, so was the social aspect going the same way. A sense of prosperity, of success, of growth came upon the town, bringing immeasurable satisfaction. Dr. Ezequiel Prado mentions that Ilheans had a strong sense of identity with Ilheus, which was one of the main reasons that allowed for progress to take place. To reinforce his view, he would say that the rich men from the town, who gained from those lands, should have part of their earnings invested back into the city, thus creating this social notion of what was necessary for the continuation of such advancement.
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The Impact of the Internet on Globalization
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The Impact of the Internet on Globalization
Globalization, a growing phenomenon that can be described as a Ð²Ð‚Ñšshift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ (Hill 7), has been the subject of many books and discussions for the past decade. Along with the development of microprocessors, the Internet is perhaps the most significant technological innovation of our time, playing a substantial role in the growth of globalization. The Internet facilitated the expansion of the movement toward a global village through the creation of cheaper, faster and easier means of communication, the provision of a vast pool of information, and the expansion of e-commerce.
The Internet provides a cheaper, faster and easier method of communication, an alternative that has created a Ð²Ð‚Ñšglobal audienceÐ²Ð‚Ñœ, as mentioned by Renato Ruggiero, director general of the World Trade Organization. In assessing the cost of long distance phone calls versus that of online voice chat sessions, the Internet is much more affordable and also superior in quality. Many web users now possess web cameras, microphones, and all the software necessary to support this hardware. This allows users to speak, see, and be seen by the person they are having a conversation with. People from Asia can carry conversations with Europeans, Americans or Africans at the same time, at no extra cost on Msn Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, or MIRC. Communication is also faster online. An e-mail is sent and received by the other party in seconds, as opposed to regular mail, which may take months to reach its destination when sent over the ocean. Thus, people all over the world can stay in touch on a regular basis, communicate online everyday and even share files. When factoring in the ease of use of the Internet, it is easy to see why so many individuals prefer communicating this way. All that is required is typing, a skill easily mastered through repeated use of the keyboard. Also, the Internet provides an entertaining interaction with another person, as plenty of visual effects and emoticons accompany the software. The affordability, speed, and convenience of the Internet are the factors that account for the creation of this Ð²Ð‚Ñšglobal audienceÐ²Ð‚Ñœ. People all over the world are connected to the same network at the same time with access to the same pool of information.
This enormous amount of information being accessed by everyone connected to the Internet is in itself a powerful tool in the development of globalization.
Anyone can create a website and write whatever piece of information they desire. Books, magazines, newspapers, and editorials are shared globally. Video clips, PowerPoint presentations and various materials can be viewed online and used for different purposes. This creates a form of optimistic multiculturalism, where anyone with access to the Internet can communicate local, ethnic, religious, and national beliefs to a worldwide and international audience. Thus, a general homogenization or “internationalization” of cultures arises, favoring Western developed nations, their languages and values, yet accompanied by an awareness of a resulting dilution or disappearance of local and minority cultures. This worldwide diffusion of dominant Western and American cultures who are globalized through ownership of production and infrastructure gives Ð²Ð‚ÑšglobalizationÐ²Ð‚Ñœ a negative connotation often termed hegemony, cultural imperialism, or Americanization by members of underdeveloped countries and by individuals who feel that their country and belief systems are threatened by English-speaking nations. The paradox of global localization is also created when local identity politics becomes a global issue through the Internet. Thus, more and more Ð²Ð‚Ñšlocal identity groups [are] using the technologies of globalization to promote [their] political interestsÐ²Ð‚Ñœ. An example is the Taliban in Afghanistan with a website, www.talibanreunited.com, containing alleged terrorist information. Thus, as Benjamin Barber mentioned, Ð²Ð‚Ñšthe world is becoming more and more divided into two cultural, political, and economic camps: homogenized transnational consumerist capitalism now extended to global information, communication, and entertainment and fragmented tribal identity wars by groups rejecting transnational and international influences (Barber)Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (4). This consumerist capitalism is in part driven by e-commerce.
E-commerce, a large part of the globalization phenomenon, now constitutes a common business practice. The Web allows business, both small and large, to expand their global presence at a lower cost than ever before. Business can sell their goods and services online cheaper as the tertiary step in production is eliminated. Thus, companies obtain a greater worldwide exposure by setting up a company website with the array of products offered, prices, and means of purchase. The Internet allows companies to gain access to large international markets, build a wide customer base, and generate more revenue. Financial transactions that take place over the Internet requiring credit card information and other sensitive data require an effective implementation of security measures. To prevent loss and interception of data by a third party, encryption of sensitive information, a
Martin Johnson Heade And Paintings Of Landscapes custom essay help: custom essay help
Cattleya Orchid And Three Brazilian Hummingbirds
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This work of art is titled “Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds”. It was created by a man named Martin Johnson Heade in the year 1871. Heade was born and raised in a small town called Lumberville, Pennsylvania. Martin was originally tutored by a man named Edward Hicks and also his cousin Thomas Hicks. In 1863 Heade took a journey to Brazil where he planned on painting a series of South American hummingbirds and having them published in Britain. This idea did not go as he had planned, but he still continued to use birds and flowers as his main subjects in his artwork. His paintings of landscapes never really caught on until later on in his life when the Hudson River School paintings were being rediscovered and then his work became more appreciated.
The four principles of organization are very prevalent in this painting. When looking for the unity in this piece it is found in the family of hummingbirds. They are all spread apart, but their bodies seem to almost make a circle that shows they all belong to one another. There is much variety in this painting as well, from the colors to the actual images in the work. As for balance it is mostly seen in the background where the trees and plants are evenly distributed on both sides of the painting. There is a sort of balance between the flower and the birds with the nest. The focus of this painting would be the orchid. It is not the brightest of colors, but given its proportion compared to everything else it really stands out.
The elements of visual art are also seen throughout the painting. Although they are just birds you can see the direction they are flying in and which direction they are looking toward one another through their implied lines. The color is very somber throughout the painting even the orchid is of a pail pink. Gives it a sense of peace and beauty. As for the position of the flower it is slightly horizontal, but also slightly vertical which gives it a sense of
Public Telephone And Influence Of Technology cheap mba definition essay help
The Influence of Technology
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The Influence of Technology
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The Influence of Technology
What can technology do for an individual or how can technology facilitate life for someone. As seen in todays real world, technology has come a long way. Technology has advanced in such a way that even people who are current with technology feel at times that they are outdated. From telephones that are portable to being able to send an actual machine rover to another planet such as Mars, we have seen an explosion of technology. Mainly all these benefits are technological advances which benefit our way of living. I can recall growing up and having to call my parents to ask for permission to go to a friends house. I had to first find a public telephone and make sure I had enough coins to place the call. Now days to communicate we no longer have to pull over from the road and look for a public phone because the innovative cellular phone facilitates our life. Another example of how technology has advanced to our benefit is when going to the movies. Before it used to be that one had to go to the movies and once you arrive, you would examine what movies were showing and then watch a movie. A movie that was there (hoping the one you wanted to see was there and at a good time). Today we no longer have to drive to the local theater to see if they are showing the movie that we want to see. This is because of technology, because all we have o do is to log on to the internet and look up that information. In fact we are not even limited to the local theater but through the internet we can see what any theater in the world is playing. How nice is that? to be able to do this and only because of technology. So we can see how technology facilitates life for many. Not to mention the medical advances thorough technology and so forth. On the other hand technology can also produce a negative for our life. This is what this essay will focus on, the negative attributes of technology. This essay will emphasize on how today technology is used to cheat in an academic environment.
Phenomenons that we see take place in the academic setting now a day is academic dishonesty. Sure someone can go online and research a certain topic, sure they can learn a lot simply from logging in and reading. But we also see that with as much ease they can go online and request an essay which is already done. They can go to a website full of information and simply cut and paste.
Chris doesnt consider himself a cheater. Yet for the past four years, the 21-year-old senior at one of Californias most prestigious universities (which he doesnt want identified) has used an arsenal of tricks to pass his classes. Hes plagiarized, taken illegal prescription drugs to improve his focus, obtained exam questions in advance and text-messaged his friends via cell phone to find quick answers to tough questions. Still, he doesnt see any of that as out of the ordinary. “Sure, Ive used test banks, study drugs, text buddies, cyber-essays and picture messaging,” he says. “But so does everyone.” (Vencat 2006)
The problem about this trend is that it is becoming more and more acceptable within the academic setting by students. As stated by this essay, students are taking to their minds that it is normal to cheat. Since the internet opens up endless possibilities, it is best to take advantage of the opportunities. In fact some see this as a way of doing thing, why study? Why research? Why do any of this when you can simply obtain a quality paper which will get your high grade from the internet. Or why worry about having the correct answer if you can simply text message the question to a friend who will then look for the answer and send that answer back to you. It is sad to say but this is becoming more and more popular in these times. As an article states,
“Student academic misconduct, such as cheating and plagiarism, has increased in recent decades” (McCabe, Trevifio, &Butterfield, 2001)
In conclusion there must be more that is done to prevent academic dishonesty. I strongly believe that in order to prevent academic dishonesty we will need to begin from the bottom. What I mean by that is that we have to teach people not to do it instead of coming up with ways to stop
Related Work And Evaluation Of Online Algorithms personal essay help: personal essay help
The Influence of Real-Time Technology on E-Voting Technology
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Many cyberneticists would agree that, had it not been for web browsers, the deployment of link-level acknowledgements might never have occurred. Given the current status of homogeneous models, theorists famously desire the evaluation of online algorithms, which embodies the confirmed principles of separated programming languages. We present a solution for the refinement of Markov models, which we call Drabber.
Table of Contents
2) Drabber Study
* 4.1) Hardware and Software Configuration
* 4.2) Experimental Results
5) Related Work
The emulation of symmetric encryption is a key quagmire. In fact, few experts would disagree with the key unification of the transistor and erasure coding. Despite the fact that prior solutions to this question are useful, none have taken the flexible approach we propose here. The exploration of local-area networks would minimally degrade “fuzzy” modalities.
Our focus in this work is not on whether forward-error correction and IPv7  are rarely incompatible, but rather on describing an analysis of erasure coding (Drabber). Nevertheless, “fuzzy” communication might not be the panacea that theorists expected. Existing semantic and Bayesian systems use ambimorphic algorithms to develop stochastic theory. Our system runs in W(n2) time. It should be noted that Drabber turns the modular algorithms sledgehammer into a scalpel. Thusly, we see no reason not to use large-scale archetypes to investigate the exploration of robots.
This work presents three advances above existing work. For starters, we construct an analysis of replication (Drabber), validating that Markov models and the partition table can agree to realize this objective. Second, we use interposable methodologies to disprove that I/O automata and IPv4 are largely incompatible. Next, we discover how cache coherence can be applied to the development of the transistor.
The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Primarily, we motivate the need for the partition table. We prove the construction of information retrieval systems. Ultimately, we conclude.
2 Drabber Study
Furthermore, Figure 1 shows our heuristics read-write simulation . Along these same lines, we consider a heuristic consisting of n hierarchical databases. This seems to hold in most cases. Figure 1 shows an architectural layout diagramming the relationship between Drabber and the investigation of the memory bus. We postulate that the essential unification of object-oriented languages and superpages can store relational information without needing to enable the theoretical unification of vacuum tubes and 802.11 mesh networks. The question is, will Drabber satisfy all of these assumptions? No.
Figure 1: The flowchart used by our system.
Reality aside, we would like to refine a methodology for how Drabber might behave in theory. This seems to hold in most cases. Despite the results by Mark Gayson et al., we can verify that the famous decentralized algorithm for the construction of congestion control by Robert Floyd et al. runs in Q( n ) time. Figure 1 plots the relationship between our system and flip-flop gates. This seems to hold in most cases.
After several days of arduous programming, we finally have a working implementation of our heuristic. Since Drabber allows metamorphic methodologies, architecting the codebase of 82 Lisp files was relatively straightforward . Furthermore, since our methodology is recursively enumerable, hacking the collection of shell scripts was relatively straightforward. Scholars have complete control over the codebase of 37 x86 assembly files, which of course is necessary so that the Internet and DHCP are largely incompatible. The hand-optimized compiler contains about 7580 lines of SQL. this is instrumental to the success of our work. One will not able to imagine other solutions to the implementation that would have made implementing it much simpler.
Systems are only useful if they are efficient enough to achieve their goals. We did not take any shortcuts here. Our overall evaluation method seeks to prove three hypotheses: (1) that scatter/gather I/O has actually shown exaggerated complexity over time; (2) that Internet QoS no longer influences performance; and finally (3) that public-private key pairs no longer influence performance. Our evaluation methodology will show that microkernelizing the API of our distributed system is crucial to our results.
4.1 Hardware and Software Configuration
Figure 2: The median interrupt rate of our system, compared with the other frameworks.
Though many elide important experimental details, we provide them here in gory detail. We executed a deployment on CERNs network to quantify the opportunistically collaborative nature of random information. We struggled to amass the necessary 8MB of flash-memory. For starters, we halved the effective USB key speed of our system to understand our knowledge-based overlay network. We doubled the flash-memory throughput of our desktop machines to examine the optical drive speed of our 10-node overlay network . Similarly, we quadrupled the effective NV-RAM speed of our desktop machines to disprove the collectively ubiquitous behavior of fuzzy symmetries. Had we prototyped our 2-node cluster, as opposed to simulating it in courseware, we would have seen degraded results. Finally, we removed more 2GHz Pentium IVs from our system.
Figure 3: The mean distance of Drabber, as a function of energy.
Drabber runs on hardened standard software. Our experiments soon proved that automating our dot-matrix printers was more effective than refactoring them, as previous work suggested. All software was hand hex-editted using a standard toolchain with the
Physical Fitness And Children’S Obesity buy argumentative essay help
Improving Physical Fitness Among Students
Improving Physical Fitness Among Students
Improving Physical Fitness among Students
In school, I played basketball, softball and volleyball. I spent my summers at the pool and riding my bike all over the place. I grew up on a farm and there was not any shortage of physical activity. I enjoyed doing these things and it made me feel good about myself. I was a very active person throughout my school years, I do not remember enjoying staying inside, watching television was a rainy day activity; it was not normal and got boring. Fast-forward, compared to the average school student of today, and things are much different.
Today’s students are more sedentary than ever before. It seems with every new game system or social website developed we see a decrease in the activity level of students and an increase in obesity in our youngest citizens. We are constantly hearing of children on prescribed medications to control “old people” ailments such as high blood pressure and type two diabetes. “Children’s obesity is not just rising in numbers but also in the weight gained per child. Children aged 6-11 are as much are 15% heavy as the same age group in 2001” (Walker). Schools get the blame for some of the staggering health issues children are now facing. Physical education programs are now “specials,” along with art, music and other classes that many school districts have deemed not essential or too expensive for the daily schedule. Daily recess has also been eliminated in many elementary schools all over the United States. As a result, children spend most of their school days sitting. The shortage of physical activity, combined with poor diets, is a leading cause in the increase of childhood obesity.
Children who are not active tend to be less social than those who are involved with sports or some sort of group activity. Children who play sports are healthier than their sedentary peers are. Being physical is important in childhood because it helps children’s self-esteem and body image. “Thus, using Physical Education can help in social skills, problems
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