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Accounting is an art of recording financial transactions, summarizing them and communicating them to various users, viz, the proprietor, creditors, investors etc. Accounting concentrates on conceptual understanding of accounting and reporting of financial statements. The importance of subject is increasing due to various factors like emergence of global corporations, movement towards better corporate governance etc.

Advantages of Accounting
Consumer theory is concerned with the study of household behaviour at the grass root level. Basically, we try to analyse how the consumers choose to optimize their welfare given their income and wealth constraints. There are several sub divisions under the consumer theory study:

It makes available financial information i.e., the profit earned or loss incurred.
Systematic record of transactions is often treated by courts as good evidence.
Systematic records also assist in situation of insolvency.
It fulfills the needs of various creditors, lenders and financial institutions.
It also caters to the needs of management by assisting them in making future plans, taking decision on the basis of accounting information.
Systems Of Accounting
The systems of recording transactions in books of accounts are classifieds into two types:

Double Entry System
Single Entry System
Since the users of financial statement being diverse, a need arose to formulate accounting concepts and principles so that the financial statements of all enterprises are drawn on uniform basis. Thus, accounting principles, concepts and conventions have been formulated and are commonly known as “GENERALLY ACCEPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES” or GAAPs.

The steps of accounting process include:

There are two basis of calculating the profit (or loss), namely:
Cash basis: The income is calculated as the excess of actual cash receipts in respect of sale of goods, services etc. over actual cash payments regarding purchase of goods, administrative expense etc. The method is useful for professional people like doctors, engineers, etc. and small traders.
Accrual basis: Under this the items of income is recognized as & when they are incurred and not when the money is actually received later on. Similar approach is used for expenses. It means that income accrued in current year becomes the income of the current year, irrespective of receipt of actual cash; same is true for expense items.
Transactions are recorded in the books of accounts on the basis of evidence such as bills of purchases, invoices for sales, debit and credit notes, etc. Rules of debit and credits are applied on each transactions and a voucher is prepared before recording in the books of original entry, i.e., Journal and special purpose books.

Debit and credit are simply additions to or subtractions from an account. In the abbreviated form Dr. stands for debit which signifies that value has flowed to the name account, whereas Cr. stands for credit which signifies that value has flown from the source indicated by the name of account.

Following is the rule of debit and credit:
Debit the receiver and credit the giver.
Debit what comes in and credit what goes out.
Debit all expenses/losses and credit all incomes/profits.
Journal And Ledger
Journal: Transactions in business is many, they are written, as they occur, in a Memorandum Book, on the basis of which, a voucher is prepared indicating the accounts to be debited or credited. They are recorded in a systematic manner in a book known as the Journal. (It is a primary book of accounts in which transactions are originally recorded in chronological order.)

A journal can be divided into a number of Sub-Journals known as special purpose subsidiary books, which are as under:

Cash book – used for recording all transactions of receipts payments related to cash.
Purchase book – used for recording the credit purchase of goods.
Sales book – used for recording the credit sale of goods.
Purchase Return book – used for recording the return of goods previously purchased on credit.
Sales Return book – used for recording the return of goods previously sold on credit.
Bills receivable book – used for recording the receipts of bills receivables, promissory notes from various parties.
Bills Payable book – used for recording the issue of bills payables, promissory notes to various parties.
Journal Proper – used for recording the transactions which cannot be recorded in above mentioned books.
Ledger: After recording the entries in Journal (or special purpose subsidiary books), they are classifieds in order to ascertain the position of particular account, for this purpose all transactions relating to particular account are collected at one place in the Ledger. In short, Ledger is a book which contains all accounts of business enterprise. Ledger is therefore a principal book of accounts which supplies detailed information about the transactions connected with any individual account at a glance.
Trial Balance
As we know that every business is recorded by equal debit & credits and therefore the total of all debits must be equal to all credits. At this stage, we need a list of all accounts balance to verify that the total of debits accounts will be equal to credit accounts. This is called preparation of TRIAL BALANCE.

The errors of omission in postings, error of posting of wrong amount, error of posting on wrong side, errors in adding up a ledger or missing of a balance can be extracted from the TRIAL BALANCE.

Financial Statements
Financial Statements refer to such statements which report the profitability and the financial position of the business at the end of accounting period. It includes at least two basic elements:

Income Statement which shows result of business operations during an accounting period, and
Statement of Financial Position which shows financial position of a n enterprise at a specified point of time.
Types of Accounts
An account gives full detail of all the transactions related to a particular item and the net position of the account which is given by the balance of the account. Accounts are basically classified into two types-

Personal Account
Impersonal Account
Personal account means the accounts of persons which may be natural as well as artificial. Natural persons are the individuals who may be proprietor, debtor, creditor, customer or supplier. Debtors are the people to whom we have sold the goods on credit and the balance of a debtor’s A/C helps to know the amount due to be paid by them. On the other hand, creditors are those from whom we have purchased the goods on creditor and the balance of a creditor’s A/C helps to know the amount due to be paid to them. Eg.Sonam’s A/C, Tanya’s A/C etc. An artificial person’s A/C is the account of a company or a firm or a financial institution with which we have undertaken transactions. Eg. ICICI A/C, Apollo Tyres Ltd. A/C etc. Personal account also consists of an account which includes number of accounts of similar nature. Eg.wages outstanding A/C, rent outstanding A/C etc. wages outstanding is the combined account of all the employees and the balance of this account shows the net amount payable to employees as wages.

Impersonal account is subdivided into two parts-
Real Account
Nominal Account
Real account is the account of assets or property owned by the firm. It may be tangible as well as intangible. Tangible assets are those which can be seen, felt, touched and are physically present. Eg.furniture A/C, computer A/C, plant and machinery A/C, land A/C , building A/C , stock A/C, loose tools A/C etc. Intangible assets are those which cannot be seen, felt ,touched and are not physically present. Eg.goodwill A/C, patents A/C, trademark A/C etc. The balance of real account helps to know the worth of property held by the firm at the end of financial year. Real accounts have a debit balance.

Nominal account relates to account of expenses and incomes. Since they can’t be touched , they are also considered as impersonal accounts. Eg.salary A/C, telephone expenses A/C ,insurance A/C , Commission A/C etc. are the accounts of expenses and interest recieved A/C ,discount recieved A/C etc. are the accounts of incomes. The balance of these accounts help to know the total expenditure incurred and total income earned from a particular source during the financial year. The balance of these accounts are transferred to trading or P&L; A/C. Expense A/C has a debit balance while income A/C has a credit balance.
Location of Errors in Trial Balance
Trial balance is a statement in which the debit and credit balances of all accounts are written. The total of debit side should be equal to total of credit side. By this, arithmetical accuracy of books of accounts is checked.

If both sides do not tally, it means there is some discrepancy and error or mistake is committed in maintaining books of accounts. It is difficult to locate errors of principle by trial balance but clerical or mechanical errors can be located. The following errors can be located- the balance of an account has wrongly been carried forward from ledger account to trial balance, posting of an entry has been done in one account but not in the other, posting is done by wrong amount in a ledger account, posting is done on wrong side in a ledger account, posting of an entry is done twice in a ledger account , calculation mistake in totaling of debit side or credit side of trial balance, mistake is made in carrying forward amount from one page to another.

To locate or find the errors, first of all totaling of both the sides of trial balance should be done again. The difference between debit side and credit side should be noted and one should see if there is any transaction of that amount. It should be checked that the balance of all ledger accounts are correctly carried forward to the trial balance. If the error is not found, one should thoroughly check all the ledger accounts and journal again and ensure that all the transactions are recorded and posted with the correct amount by checking them with the vouchers or any other documentary evidence, they are posted only once i.e. no duplication is done and no mistake has been made in carrying forward the amount from subsidiary books to ledger accounts or from one page to another . The opening balance of an account in ledger should also be checked from last year’s balance sheet.

If the error is discovered, rectification entry should be passed to rectify the mistake or error. If the error cannot be discovered even if all the possible steps have been undertaken, the difference between debit and credit sides of trial balance is transferred to an account called suspense account. Suspense account is a temporarily created account so that trial balance can be tallied and the difference between debit and credit sides can be eliminated. However, there is no nature of suspense account. It is neither a personal account nor a real account and it is not nominal account. Later on , when the error is discovered , a rectification entry is passed through suspense account.

Suspense account also helps in completing double entry system. When we have only one account to be debited or credited and no other account for passing the entry, we use suspense account to pass the entry and complete double entry system. Eg.in posting the transaction salary paid, posting is done in cash account but not in salary account, so rectification entry will be as follows-

Salary account debited To suspense account

The Journal
Journal is a book in which all the transactions are recorde in the chronological order i.e in the order in which the transactions occurred or according to date. Journal is also known as book of original entry since all the transactions are first entered in this book and thereafter further processing takes place. After the transaction is recorded in the journal, it is posted to ledger accounts in the ledger which are affected by the transaction.

A journal entry is passed for each transaction. For passing a journal entry, one should have knowledge of accounting principles and concepts , types of accounts and rules of debit and credit. For recording a transaction, first of all one should see which accounts are affected by the transaction. Every transaction affects atleast two accounts where one is debited and the other is credited. Then, the rules of debit and credit are applied which depend on the type of accounts affected. The rule for personal account is –debit the receiver credit the giver. The rule for real account is- debit what comes in credit what goes out and the rule for nominal account is- debit all expenses and losses credit all incomes and gains. Total amount of debit is always equal to total amount of credit in the entry. The format of journal with an example is given below-

Date Particulars Voucher Number Ledger Folio Number Debit Amount Credit Amount
1-6-2012 Bicycle account——–debit To cash account (bicycle purchased) 1 23 2000 2000

In date column, the date on which the transaction took place is written. In particulars column, journal entry is passed for the transaction and a narration is also written to explain the transaction in brief. The word ‘debit’ is written against the account which is to be debited and the word ‘to’ is written against the account which is to be credited. Voucher number is the serial number of the source document or the document evidencing the transaction. In our example, voucher number is the serial number of the cash memo of bicycle purchased. Ledger folio number is the page number of the ledger where posting has been done of that transaction. It is not written immediately on passing the entry since posting is yet to be made. It is entered later on when ledger accounts are prepared and posting has been made. In debit amount column, the amount for the account debited is written against that account and in credit amount column, the amount for the account credited is written against that account.

Journal is of significant importance to business entity since it helps in maintaining a permanent and proper record of all the transactions at one place. Also, it helps in further processing of accounting information. Classification, summarising and presentation of information follow recording. Ledger, trial balance and final accounts are prepared only on the basis of journal.
Capital and Revenue Expenditure
Capital expenditure is the one which is incurred on acquisition or improvement of capital assets i.e. fixed asset or a permanent asset which will be used by the enterprise for years or for a long period of time. Eg.purchase of plant and machinery, building , furniture, motor car, intangible assets such as goodwill, patents, trademarks, copyrights etc. Any amount incurred to enable the capital asset being put to use are also capital expenditure. Eg.installation expenses for machinery, interest paid on loan taken to finance the capital asset are also capital expenditure and are added to the cost of fixed asset only. Shares or debentures purchased with the intention of keeping them for long period of time are also capital assets and therefore, the amount spent on them is capital expenditure. They generally increase the earning capacity of the firm and the efficiency of operations. Eg.increase in the number of seats in classroom is a capital expenditure since it increases the earning capacity of a coaching centre. Capital expenditure is generally of large or huge amount and it is written on the asset side of balance sheet.

Revenue expenditure is that which is incurred on day to day expenses which are incurred in the normal course of business activities. They do not yield benefit over years and their benefit is generally exhausted in one accounting year. They help in generating revenue. They do not increase the earning capacity of the firm . Rather, they help in maintaining the earning capacity of the firm. Eg. repairs and maintenance expenses of machinery which are incurred time to time, administrative expenses i.e. telephone expenses, postage expenses, stationery, salaries of staff etc. , direct expenses i.e. cost of raw materials used to manufacture goods, selling and distribution expenses i.e. commission paid, advertising expenses, free samples etc. They are generally of small amount and are transferred to trading account or profit and loss account depending on whether it is direct expense or indirect expense.

However, any expenditure cannot be classified as capital expenditure or revenue expenditure just by looking at its name. It depends on the situation and the circumstances of each case whether a given expenditure should be treated as expense of revenue nature or capital nature. Expense with the same name may be capital expenditure in one case and revenue expenditure in the other. For example, wages are generally treated as revenue expenditure but wages paid for the installation of machinery is capital expenditure. Similarly , legal expenses is revenue expenditure but legal expenses paid for the registration of property to enable it to put to use is capital expenditure. In the same way, interest paid on loan is ordinarily revenue expenditure but interest paid on loan to finance any capital asset is treated as capital expenditure.

Also, it is not necessary that the expense of small amount is always revenue expenditure and the expense of large amount is always capital expenditure. So, it is the type of expense and not the amount of expense which makes it a capital expenditure or revenue expenditure. Capital expenditure can be of small amount and revenue expensemay be of large amount. Eg.loose tools purchased i.e. capital expenditure may be of Rs. 50000 and salaries paid i.e. revenue expense may be of Rs. 200000.

The Ledger
Ledger is a book in which a separate account is prepared for each item which can be a personal account, a real account or a nominal account. It comes under the stage of classification since there is proper classification of accounts. All the transactions related to a particular account are posted in his account. Each journal entry is posted in respective accounts in the ledger. Thus, ledger helps to know complete detail about a particular account. It serves as a basis for preparing trial balance and final accounts i.e. trading account, P&L; account and balance sheet.

After posting of all the transactions in an account , the balance of account is calculated which shows its net position at the end of financial year. Eg.from A’s account who is our debtor, we can know the amount due to be paid by him. Similarly , from B’s account who is our creditor, one can know the amount due to be paid. From real account eg.building account, cash account, stock account etc., we can know the worth of asset held by the firm at the end of financial year. Nominal accounts eg. wages account, dividend received account etc. enable us to know the total expenses incurred or total income earned on or from a particular source during the year. The balance of personal and real accounts is transferred to balance sheet while the balance of nominal accounts are transferred to trading or P&L; account.

The format and posting of entry- furniture account——debit 10000
To cash account 10000

in ledger is given below-

Debit FURNITURE A/C Credit
Date Particulars Journal Folio Number Amount Date Particulars Journal Folio Number Amount
1-6-2012 To cash A/C 21 10000

Debit CASH A/C Credit
Date Particulars Journal Folio Number Amount Date Particulars Journal Folio Number Amount
1-6-2012 By furniture A/C 21 10000

Each account has two sides debit and credit consisting of 4 columns on each side. The date on which transaction took place is written in date column. In particulars column, the journal entry is posted. Posting is done on the debit side of that account which is debited in journal entry and vice-versa. While posting on debit side, ‘to’ word is written against the name of account credited and while posting on credit side, ‘by’ word is written against the name of account debited. Journal folio number is the page number of journal from where posting has been made. Amount of transaction is written in amount column.
Accounting Process
Accounting is defined as the art and science of recording, classifying, summarising, presenting and interpreting the results of transactions which are of financial nature. So, accounting process may be illustrated as follows-

Identifying monetary transactions— recording—classifying—summarising—interpretation of results

The first step involves identification of monetary transactions. It means only those transactions which are of financial and quantitative nature and can be measured in terms of money will be recorded in the books of accounts.eg. strike by employees, satisfaction of customers etc. are not recorded since they are of qualitative nature.

Second step involves recording. All the transactions are recorded in a book called journal. They are recorded in the order in which they occurred i.e. according to date. A basic knowledge of debit and credit and accounting principles is required for this purpose.

Third step involves classification. Classification refers to segregating the transactions of similar nature. This is done in a book called ledger. In ledger, a separate account is prepared for each person, asset, liability, expense and income. All the transactions related to that item are posted in his account and thereafter balance of account is ascertained.

Fourth step involves summarising the results obtained by way of recording and classification. It involves preparation of trial balance. In trial balance, the balances of all accounts are written. Total of debit balances should be equal to total of credit balances. Thus, it helps in testing the arithmetical or mathematical accuracy of the books of accounts.

Fifth and the last step involves presenting the accounting information in an understandable manner and thereby interpreting and communicating the results to the interested parties. It nvolves preparation of final accounts i.e. trading account, profit and loss account and balance sheet. Trading account helps in knowing the gross profit of the company. Profit and loss account helps in knowing the net profit or about the profitability of the company. Balance sheet helps in knowing the financial position of the company. Transactions recorded otherwise are of no use but the preparation of final accounts helps the users of accounting information to reach important conclusions and take important decisions. Eg. Potential investors can decide to buy shares of a company if its net profit is high as it will be able to pay higher dividend in future. Creditors or the financial institutions or banks will extend loan to the firm or sell goods on credit if the financial position of the company is good. Thus , they help in easy understanding of the accounting information.

Advantages of Accounting
Accounting has many advantages and significant importance in complex business environment. Accounting helps in maintaining a record of financial transactions which can be referred to in future whenever needed. This is advantageous since there are large number of transactions which are of complex nature and it is not possible to remember all of them in memory.

Accounting also helps in communicating results of the operations carried out by the enterprise to various interested parties which helps them in taking important decisions. Eg. Management can take decision to shut down the business if it does not find it profitable. Employees can demand bonus from the management if they find that the company is earning huge amount of profits. Similarly, it also helps shareholders to decide whether they should continue to hold the shares of the company or sell them out.

Accounting information also helps in various legal activities. Fairly and accurately prepared statements serve as a good evidence in the court of law. Also, they are a pre-requisite for filing income tax return, sales tax return and excise duty. Annual accounts are required to be submitted at the time of filing.

Accounting also helps in comparing the results of current year with previous year and with other firms in the industry. Thus it helps in knowing whether performance of the company has improved or declined in comparision to previous years and therefore, helps in taking effective steps and remedial actions in case of poor performance.

Accounting also helps management in exercising strict control over departmental heads since the performance of various departments can be assessed. Thus, it helps in fixing the responsibility of departments for the performance of enterprise and making them liable in case of poor performance.

Accounting information is of much use to management. It helps management in framing effective policies and plans for the compny. Accounting information which is based on past or historical information helps in forecasting the future and therefore helps in deciding upon goals or objectives , strategies, policies, budgets for individual department as well as for the company as a whole. Management is able to discharge its various functions efficiently due to accounting information.

Accounting also helps in ascertaining proper purchase price in case of sale of undertaking or business or goodwill or trademark to another party. Fairly prepared financial statements help in ascertaining the true financial position and the actual worth of the company and thus helps in determining proper purchase price.

Statement of Profit & Loss
Statement of profit and loss or income statement helps to calculate the net profit earned or net loss suffered during a particular period. Thus, it helps in knowing the results of the operations or trading activities carried out by the enterprise and about the profitability of the company. It is a period statement and not a point statement since it is prepared for a particular period. It is generally prepared annualy i.e. for an year. However it may be prepared quarterly, monthly, weekly etc. as per the requirements of the management.

To calculate net profit or loss , all the costs and expenses incurred whether direct or indirect, operating or non- operating be it cost of raw materials, wages, salaries, advertisement expenses, interest paid, dividend paid, telephone expenses, depreciation etc. are deducted from the total revenue. Total revenue means sale proceeds of products and services and other incomes be it dividend received, interest received , bad debts recovered etc. The excess of revenue over expenses gives us net profit whereas excess of costs over revenue gives us net loss. An example of statement of profit and loss is given below-

Particulars Note Number Figures For Current Period Figures For Previous Period
Revenue from operations 200000 100000
Other income:
Interest 100000 50000
Dividend 100000 50000
Total revenue(A) 400000 200000
Expenses:
Purchases 10000 20000
Depreciation 10000 20000
Wages 10000 20000
Power And Fuel 10000 20000
Total Expenses(B) 40000 80000
Profit Before Tax(A-B) 360000 120000
Less: Tax 36000 12000
Net Profit After Tax 324000 108000

Statement of profit and loss is prepared in accordance with revised schedule VI of companies act, 1956 for all companies. It is a statutory requirement and forms part of annual accounts which are required to be filed with registrar of companies by each company. Statement of profit and loss provides useful information to insiders as well as outsiders. Also, it helps in comparing the performance in the current year with that of the previous year. For example, management comes to know whether the operations are carried out efficiently by net profit .rate of dividend and whether bonus is to be given or not is decided on the basis of net profit. Outsiders such as creditors , shareholders , suppliers and potential investors also take decision on the basis of net profit of the company eg whether money should be lent to firm or not.
Efficiency Ratio
Efficiency ratios which may be termed as activity ratios or turnover ratios help to measure the efficiency with which the resources of the firm are used for manufacturing or selling the product. The assets i.e. current assets like debtors, stock etc. or fixed assets should be utilized properly and there should neither be underutilization nor be overutilization of resources so that firm is able to survive in the business world and earn high profits.

Some commonly used efficiency ratios are explained below. Net sales or cost of sales is generally taken as the base for calculating efficiency ratios.

Stock turnover ratio- Stock turnover ratio or inventory turnover ratio helps to measure the rapidity with which stock is converted into sales. A higher value of this ratio indicates that stock is being sold quickly and its sales policies are efficient. A lower value of the ratio means that the firm is not able to sell the product and stock is lying idle in godowns. Its formula is-

Stock turnover ratio= cost of goods sold/ average stock

Debtors turnover ratio- This ratio indicates how efficient is the firm in realising the amount from its debtors. A higher value of this ratio means that debtors are paying their dues quickly to the firm and the firm has efficient credit policies. Its formula is-

Debtors turnover ratio= net credit sales/ (average debtors+ average bills recievables)

Working capital turnover ratio- This ratio indicates how efficiently working capital is used in selling the products or services. It indicates the speed with which working capital is converted into sales. High value indicates efficient use of working capital. Low value indicates underutilization of working capital i.e working capital is not productive and it is remaining idle. However, it should not be too high since it means having very less working capital in hand which may pose difficulties for the firm. Its formula is-

Working capital turnover ratio= net sales / net working capital

Fixed assets turnover ratio- This ratio is useful particularly in manufacturing concerns. It helps to measure how efficiently fixed assets are used for manufacturing goods. A high value indicates that fixed assets are properly utilized in producing goods. A low value indicates that they are not used to their full capacity. Its formula is-

Fixed assets turnover ratio= net sales/ net fixed assets

Therefore, efficiency ratios are of significant importance as they help to know whether the firm is carrying on its operations efficiently or it is making losses, whether it is productive or not. So, the management can take effective steps if the value of these ratios is not up to the mark. The efficiency factor marks the success of the firm.
Leverage Ratios
Leverage ratios help to ascertain the financial leverage of the firm. Financial leverage is the proportion of debt in the overall capital structure of the company. They indicate the extent to which the operations are carried out with the help of borrowed funds or debt capital. The greater the proportion of debt, the more is the risk for lenders and creditors with regard to repayment obligations. Thus, they help to measure the long-term solvency of the firm i.e. whether it will be able to fulfil its long-term obligations in time. Some leverage ratios are explained below-

Debt equity ratio- debt equity ratio= debt/ equity

Debt refers to borrowed funds or long term- liabilities. Eg.debentures, bank loan, public deposits etc. Equity means shareholder funds i.e. owners funds. Eg.equity share capital, preference share capital, reserves and surplus or retained earnings of the firm. Debt equity ratio which is not more than 2:1 is considered as efficient for the firm. It means the borrowed funds should not be more than twice the shareholder funds. The lesser the ratio, the better it is since the lesser value means safety for the lenders and creditors of the firm and that the firm has effective long term financial policies.

Total assets to debt ratio- total assets to debt ratio= total assets/debt

Total assets means the total of fixed as well as current assets. Debt means borrowed funds. A higher value of this ratio is beneficial since it implies less use of debt capital in buying the assets. It implies that the firm is having sufficient assets which can be realized for paying the debts of firm. This means that firm is financially strong and sound. A low value, however indicates risky position for lenders and creditors.

Proprietary ratio- proprietary ratio= shareholder funds/ total assets

This ratio tells us the extent to which the assets are financed by owners funds. A higher proprietary ratio is favourable for the firm since it means large part of the assets is provided by owners or shareholders and the firm is less dependent on debt capital. It means the firm is sound enough and the risk of lenders and creditors is less and there is less chance of not getting their money back.

Interest coverage ratio- interest coverage ratio= profit before interest and tax/ interest

It helps to know whether the company has sufficient profits to to fulfill its interest obligations. A higher value of this ratio indicates that the company will be able to pay interest.

Thus, leverage ratios are of significant importance. They help lenders, creditors, banks and financial institutions to make useful decisions with regard to whether the loan should be extended to the firm or not, is the firm in a good financial condition or is it making losses, is the firm solvent enough to fulfill its repayment obligations or not.
T-Account
T-Account comes under the basic or initial stage of accountancy. It helps us to further understand the concepts and practical aspects of processing transactions. T-account means an account in the shape of T where one side is of debit and the other is of credit. There are two rules for recording transactions in these T-shaped accounts—

Assets and expenses are of similar nature. Whenever an asset or an expense increases, it is recorded on the debit side and whenever they decrease, they are recorded on the credit side.

Capital, liability and income are of similar nature. Whenever capital, liability or income increases, they are recorded on credit side and whenever they decrease, they are recorded on debit side. These rules are illustrated below in T-accounts—–

With the help of these accounts only, rules of debit and credit for passing a journal entry are formed. The rule for personal account i.e. an individual or an artificial person is debit the receiver and credit the giver. For a real account i.e. assets, the rule is debit what comes in and credit what goes out. For a nominal account, the rule is debit all expenses and losses, credit all incomes and gains.

Since a transaction affects atleast two accounts, the entry is always made atleast in two T-shaped accounts of any transaction, in the debit of one and in the credit of other since equality is always to be maintained between debit and credit.
Budget
Budget is a statement which estimates future facts and figures. It is a blueprint or a plan designed which forecasts future events. It is generally prepared annually or every year. However, it may be prepared quarterly or monthly as per the needs of the organization. It is a function of top management level. It is generally expressed in numerical terms or quantitative figures. Since the preparation of budget involves forecasting, the manager should have an element of creativity and innovation and he should be able to predict opportunities and threats that may arise in future in the business world. So, a budget must be modified and revised from time to time in the light of changing and complex business environment. It should not be thought that the budget once prepared will work for years and varied conditions.

A budget has many advantages. It serves as a base and helps in further preparation of plans, policies, objectives, rules and strategies for the organisations. Thus, it helps management to take many useful decisions. Since it serves as the standard set, the actual performance or the result actually achieved are compared with the budgeted figures and the deviations are taken care of. The deviations from the estimated figures are calculated, causes or reasons are found out and necessary steps are taken to correct the mistake. So, it also serves as a tool of controlling.

The budget may be prepared for different fields such as cash budget, sales budget, production budget etc. For example, cash budget estimates about future cash inflows and outflows and helps to find the surplus or deficiency which is equal to (Inflow- Outflow). If the difference is positive, it is surplus and if it is negative, it is deficiency. It estimates how much inflow is likely to arise from sale of products this year and how much outflow of cash is likely to be made as cost of producing goods or expenses incurred. Thus, budget is prepared for each department. Each department is given the limit within which expenditure is to be incurred. Eg.advertising department must incur advertisement expense within the limit set, purchasing department should incur expense on purchasing raw material within the limit set and so on. The management should ensure while preparing cash budget that it should have sufficient cash in hand to meet day to day expenses. Too little cash creates difficulties for the firm to carry on business. Also, too much cash in hand is not good since it means that money is remaining idle which can be invested somewhere to get good returns.

Similarly, sales budget helps to forecast the sales of each product in a particular area for a particular month or an year. Prediction is made with regard to whether the demand for product is going to increase or come down. Thus, various plans are framed according to the budget and many useful decisions are taken by the management. Eg.it helps to ascertain if there is need to increase labour or manpower or to increase power load in the organization as they depend on sales.

Capital
Capital is the amount invested by the proprietor in the business with the help of which goods and other assets like plant and machinery, land and building, furniture etc. are purchased. Capital is calculated by subtracting the total of liabilities from the total of assets which is also called accounting equation.

Capital is also known as owner’s equity or net worth or net assets. The rule for making entry in capital account according to T-account rule is- whenever capital increases i.e. whenever capital is introduced, it is recorded on credit side and whenever it is withdrawn, it is recorded on debit side.

Thus, capital account has a credit balance and it is shown on the liability side in balance sheet. The proprietor is always paid interest on capital introduced by him at a prescribed rate every year. Therefore, interest on capital increases the capital and is added to opening capital. The proprietor may also withdraw some amount from capital introduced by him for his personal expenses which is known as drawings. Net profit earned for the period is also given to the proprietor and is added to his capital. So, the amount of closing capital that appears in the balance sheet is calculated as-

In a partnership firm, the amount of capital is contributed jointly by all the partners and the partners are also given interest on capital. However, no interest on capital is paid if it is not mentioned in the partnership deed i.e. the agreement which specifies the terms and conditions of partnership business.

In a company, the entire capital is divided into a number of shares, each bearing a nominal value or face value. For example, the total paid up capital of a company is Rs. 100000 divided into 10000 shares of Rs. 10 each. These shares may be held by the directors or employees of the company, another company or by any other person which comes under general public.
Cash Basis
Transactions in a business are recorded in the books with the help of accounting. There are two modes or methods on the basis of which transactions can be recorded- 1. Cash basis 2. Accrual basis.

According to cash basis, the expenses or the cost incurred such as cost of raw material, salary paid, wages paid, postage and telephone expenses etc. are recorded with the amount actually paid in cash for them and the incomes or revenues such as sale proceeds of goods, interest received, dividend received, commission received etc. are recorded with the amount actually received in cash for them. It means credit transactions are not considered while recording transactions on cash basis and only cash related transactions are recorded. Thus, no adjustment is made and the entire amount received or paid is recorded in the year in which it is received or paid irrespective of the fact whether it belongs to current year, previous year or next year. The profit is calculated with the help of receipts and payment account.

The advantage of this method is that it is very simple as no adjustments are to be made and the amount of expense or income is to be recorded as it is in the year in which it is received or paid. This method is suitable for professionals such as doctors, teachers, lawyers, chartered accountants etc. who receive their fee and provide services simultaneously.

However, this method does not show true profit or loss for the accounting year since the cash paid or received may not actually belong to the year in which it is received or paid. It may belong to previous year or next year. Similarly, there may be some expense or income which may belong to the current year but the cash has not been paid or received on it i.e. there is expense outstanding or income accrued. But , it is not considered while recording transactions on cash basis. Thus it can be inferred that-

Since this method shows misleading picture of the financial affairs of the firm, it is not accepted legally. It is not recognized by companies act, 1956 and all the entries are made in books of accounts on accrual basis. Annual accounts of companies are prepared on accrual basis and not on cash basis.

For example, salaries for the year 2005 which amount to Rs. 2000 are paid in 2006 and the salaries for 2007 which amount to Rs. 5000 are paid in advance in 2006. So, total amount of Rs. 10000 paid in 2006 for salaries consist of- Rs. 2000 for 2005, Rs. 3000 for 2006 and Rs. 5000 for 2007. According to cash basis, no expense is recorded in 2005 and 2007 and the entire amount of Rs. 10000 is recorded in the year 2006. Thus, profits for 2006 get reduced and profit for 2005 and 2007 are inflated unnecessarily and misleading picture is shown to the interested parties.
Depreciatiom
Depreciation, in general terms may be defined as the fall in value of fixed tangible assets such as building, furniture and fixtures, tools, motor car, computer, typewriter etc. Depreciation takes place on account of various factors such as wear and tear that takes place with the use of asset, obsolescence of asset that takes place with the passage of time. The factors such as earthquake, floods, fire etc. also lead to a degradation or fall in the quality and value of fixed asset.However, in accounting terms, depreciation is termed as the allocation of cost of fixed assets over the years for which the asset is used. Since, the asset is used for a long period of time, it is not fair to charge the total cost in one year. It should be distributed among all the years.

There are various methods for charging depreciation such as straight line method, diminishing balance method, annuity method, depreciation fund method, revaluation method, sum of digits method and so on. But the most commonly used methods which are adopted by the companies for charging depreciation are straight line method and diminishing balance method. These two methods are recognized by accounting standard-6 (AS-6) and Companies act,1956. In straight line method, equal depreciation is charged for all the years and depreciation is charged on original cost of asset. According to this method,

depreciation= (original cost of asset-scrap value)/useful life of asset

where, scrap value is the estimated value at which the asset is likely to be sold at the end of its useful life. In diminishing balance method, depreciation is charged on the book value of the asset i.e. (original cost- depreciation charged) and not the original cost of asset. Thus, large amount of depreciation is charged in the initial years and small amount of depreciation is charged in the later years.

The accountant has to make estimates and judgements and apply his practical knowledge according to each case to take decisions for calculating depreciation. Eg.it is on him which method to use or to decide upon the rate of calculating depreciation. He has to make estimates regarding scrap value and useful life of asset. For example, straight line method may be adopted where asset gives equal benefit for all the years like building, loose tools etc. But, the method once chosen should be consistent and should not be changed very frequently.

Depreciation is a charge against the revenue and is, therefore written on the debit side of P&L; A/C. Depreciation helps to give a true and fair position of financial accounts. The accounts will be misleading if the cost of fixed asset which is used in the production process is not charged. The cost of production of a product is calculated correctly by charging depreciation since amount of depreciation is to be added for this purpose.

Depreciation must compulsorily be charged every year. According to Companies act,1956, it is a statutory requirement or mandatory for every company to charge depreciation as per schedule-14 before declaring dividend. A company cannot declare dividend if depreciation is not charged.

Trial Balance
Trial balance is a statement which is prepared after all the ledger accounts are made. In this statement, the debit and credit balances of all accounts are written. Thus, it is a schedule or list of all the accounts and their balance written against them. Total of debit balances should be equal to total of credit balances since equality is always maintained between debit and credit according to principles of double entry system. Preparation of trial balance comes under summarisation stage of accounting process since it is a summary of all the accounts. Format for preparing trial balance is-

Names of accounts are written in “name of account” column. Ledger folio is the page number of ledger where the particular account is prepared. Amount of debit balance is written in “debit balance” column and the amount of credit balance is written in “credit balance” column.

Trial balance serves many useful purposes. Its main purpose is that it checks the arithmetical accuracy of the books of accounts. The tallying of totals of debit and credit balances implies double entry system has been followed in a proper way and posting has been made in all the relevant accounts. If the posting has been made in one account and not in the other, it will be revealed by the trial balance. Thus, many errors which are of clerical nature can easily be detected and corrected with the help of trial balance. Eg.totaling mistake, carrying forward of wrong amount, posting on wrong side, posting with the wrong amount etc. Also, since it clearly shows the balances of all accounts, it becomes easy to compare the figures of current year with that of the previous year. Trial balance serves as a base for preparing final accounts of the firm.

However, trial balance is not a conclusive evidence of the accuracy of books of accounts since all the errors cannot be located by trial balance. Errors which are of clerical nature can only be revealed. Trial balance does not give idea about errors of principle and compensatory errors. Eg.for wages paid, entry should be- wagesA/C—-debit To cash A/C

but if, A’s account is debited instead of wages A/C, trial balance will still tally. So, it is difficult to locate such errors. Similarly, if a transaction is completely omitted from the books of accounts or a transaction is recorded twice, trial balance will still tally. So, these errors have no effect on the tallying of trial balance and therefore, are difficult to be detected.

  • Contractor Commercial management
    DescriptionReport 2000 word count. I will provide with a module handbook, examples of how the calculations can be done and a blank document where the calculations are to be placed I have called it “version 1 to be filled by me”.

    Accounting Question

    I am working on a Project Management discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
    No plagrisiam, I want original task.
    You can find instructions inside the file.
    Support your answer from the textbook.
    Thank you.
    Resources
    Textbook
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    C Quick Memory Leakage Fix Code Review

    Accounting Assignment Help Most of the functions that are required; as in the document, are written without any errors. I just want someone to just double-check their functionality by testing them in the main method. Although there are some extra functions, provided in the .cpp file, do not worry about them, unless they have memory leakage. I want someone to review the functions for me, and if there are any functions that require modification, please do modify them. The program should be without any memory leakage. The code is done 98% as I am trying to learn. I am a student, who is looking for a long-term tutor too.

    Business Question

    I’m working on a business assignment (International Business), and need guidance to help me learn. The attachment is regarding the final assignment for MGT321 subject contains some questions. I need it on Monday 11th of April 2022. The assignment must be Microsoft word.
    (Please follow the guidelines for this assignment).

    Explain how job costing is used in service sectors and manufacturing sectors?

    Assignment Question(s): (Marks 10)
    Q1. Explain how job costing is used in service sectors and manufacturing sectors? Provide examples by citing one job costing example of the service sector and one example of the manufacturing sector of a Saudi company to support your answers. (CH 5, 2 Marks)
    Answer:


    Q2. Axel Ltd. uses a process costing system for its sole processing department. There were 24,000 units in beginning WIP inventory for March and 216,000 units were started in March. The beginning WIP units were 75% complete and the 19,500 units in ending WIP were 60% complete. All materials are added at the start of processing.
    (CH 6, 3 Marks)
    Required:
    a) Compute the no. of units started

    Probability and statistics: R-program

    Pertinent topics: Sections 2-4, Chapter II,
    Continuous Random Variables, on pp. 67, 79-80, 83-84, Section 2, Chapter III, Jointly Distributed
    R.V.’s, pp. 95-98. There are two files inside the zip file one is pictures of the examples the other for what is needed

    EXSC 510 Advanced Exercise Physiology

    Instructions You must choose 1 of the case study essay questions and answer the question thoroughly in no less than two full pages and no more than four full pages. Be very specific in your answer. You may utilize the course presentations, lectures, and the textbook as resources, but you do not need to incorporate outside sources. At least one citation must be included in your assignment based upon the resource that you choose to use. The are no maximum citations for this assignment, yet if you utilize any additional references from outside the course resources, they must only come from human performance oriented textbooks or scholarly journals from the sports science and human performance field. Current APA style is required and your response must be in paragraph form and double spaced with 12-point, Times New Roman font.

    Case Study Essay Question
    1) Why does a cardiovascular athlete, such as former Tour de France Champion Chris Froome, have to be aware of the concept of cardiovascular drift? Explain in great detail to this athlete what cardiovascular drift is and also identify the factors that will affect his cardiovascular drift during a long cycling training ride (160pts).




    parent education programs

    DescriptionDefine- Provide a definition of a parent education program.
    You may use someone else’s. You may write your own based upon research of several others.
    (provide support for these decisions through research and cite where you borrowed ideas from) (c…
    Show more

    review your readings for Unit 8 and read the following instructions carefully. Feel free to do research outside the

    review your readings for Unit 8 and read the following instructions carefully. Feel free to do research outside the course if you’d like other points of view.

    (Hi, so for this unit, can you skim through Chapter 22: The New Era here: ( https://www.americanyawp.com/text/22-the-twenties/ ) to kind of get an idea of how to write the paper. ) 🙂

    Then form groups that represent:
    • Ellen Welles Page
    • A Harlem Renaissance artist
    • A female member of the KKK

    All have their own opinions regarding the flapper lifestyle. Each group will answer the following questions:
    How would your character describe the flapper lifestyle?
    Do their opinions represent that they advocate for progressive change or the preservation of traditional American values?

    To form groups, students will take the role of the male jazz artist

    Be sure to put yourself in the shoes of the person you are speaking for — try to imagine how that person felt, what their ideals were, what they thought was good or right or appropriate at the time.

    (Hi so for this paper, can you speak from like a 1st person point of view from the male jazz artist?)

    Marketing Question

    Here you will find an example of students conducting an in-depth interview with one of The Nonprofit Center’s clients. In this particular case, the focus of the interview was about the classes they took through.
    please watch the interview and briefly respond to the following prompts [One or two sentences per prompt should be sufficient].
    1) What went well in the interview? [Your response should focus on
    the interview process, how questions were phrased, the flow of the
    interview, etc.
    2) What improvements could the students leading the interview have made to have a more successful interview?
    3) Based on this example, what do you need to do to prepare for your in-depth interview?
    here is the video: https://nv.instructuremedia.com/fetch/QkFoYkIxc0hh…
  • Accounting Question
    1) In practice, methods used to estimated credit losses for unimpaired loans vary across two general type of loans. (a) Individually small and homogenous loans (b) Individually large and heterogeneous loans. Explain these loans in detail. (3 Marks)
    2) SFAS No. 157 (2006) contains a hierarchy of the types of inputs that may be used to estimate fair value, giving higher priority to observable inputs that use market data more fully. State these inputs. (2 Marks)
    3) Mortgage Banks have different cost structures depending on how they originate or acquire mortgage. Describe the Operating Efficiency of Mortgage Banks. (2.5 Marks)
    4) Securitization occur using a number of general structures and variations within those structures. These structures are Pass –Through Securitization and Trenched Securitization. Explain these structures in detail. (2.5 Marks

    The Lewis Blackman story

    In a PowerPoint
    What factors in this hospital’s “teamwork” culture might have contributed to the lack of response to Lewis’s parents concerns?
    How might this story have changed if patients and families were considered part of the health care team?
    When Helen Haskell says she saw almost no evidence of teamwork, would you agree or not, and why?
    How does the culture in hospitals in which you’ve worked compare to the culture described in Helen Haskell’s story?
    What can health care professionals do to create a hospital culture that supports effective teamwork and patient-centered care?
    https://youtu.be/mQUcXvEReAk

    Tax Memo (crypto)

    Accounting Assignment Help You have accepted a position as a staff accountant in the tax department of a mid-tier San Diego accounting firm. Your first client assignment is for a local business owner, Scott. Scott owns a real estate investment business where he purchases rundown houses, fixes them up, and then either resells them or rents them out. Scott incorporated his business in 2017, Sunny San Diego Investments Inc (SSDII). You received the email below from your manager on the client team. Although you are nervous about the prospect of your first research question at your new job, you remember all that you learned in your tax class at SDSU, and you are ready to tackle this! You recall learning how to format a clear tax memo for your client file, and how to find and reference primary tax resources to support your answer.
    ————————————————————————————————————–
    Good morning Tax Staff,
    I got an email from our client, Scott, this morning. SSDII has made some new investments during 2021, and he has questions regarding the taxation of these investments. Please see his email below and prepare an internal memo for the client file. I need you to send me this memo by Sunday, April 10, at 11:30pm, so that I can have the information prepared for our client call on Monday morning April 11th.
    I look forward to reading the findings of your research!
    Tax Manager
    —————————————————————————————————————
    Fwd email:
    Hi Tax Manager
    As you know SSDII has successfully been making real estate investments since our incorporation in 2017. This past year our management team decided to expand our investment portfolio and enter into the exciting world of cryptocurrencies. As I’m sure you know, the cryptocurrency market can be pretty volatile, so we have been trading in and out of various positions of Bitcoins, Ethereum, and Solana on a monthly basis. As I’m preparing my year-end documents to send over to you for tax preparation, I came across a news article about crypto taxation that was concerning. The article looked at the Build Back Better Act that was passed by the House of Representatives in November. Apparently there are provisions in this bill, concerning cryptocurrencies and changes to the wash sale rules, that seem like they could have some negative tax implications for me. Since SSDII is new to securities investments, I don’t understand what these wash sale rules mean and whether I need to worry about this for our 2021 tax returns. Can you help me understand this new business venture? What are the tax implications of our crypto investments? What are the wash sale rules? Will they impact my crypto investments in 2021? What about in future tax years? Is there anything I should do to prevent having tax problems going forward?
    Thanks for your help!
    Scott
    Grading Rubric:

    Discussion post required and required material will be provided.

    Consider a company that you know well. What are the strategically relevant factors for the industry and your company within this macro-environment? What strategic moves are rivals likely to make and why? What factors are driving changes in this industry and why? Keeping in mind the role that interpreting environmental factors will play in analyzing a case, what do you see as the most important external data you would want this organization to have in any strategic planning process, and why? How does this discussion board relate to our coursework this week? Be specific.
    NOTE: Make sure you choose a company that is not from the below:
    Your initial response to the discussion question should be 250-300 words. You must have at least our course text and one non-course scholarly/peer reviewed source in your initial posting. Sources require in-text citations and must be incorporated into the body of the post in addition to a full APA citation at the end of the post.

    Journal Refletion

    Co-Curricular/ Activities Reflection Journals – Students will be required to participate in some sort of University and/or recreation and leisure activity each week (campus recreation, Greek life, athletics event, etc.) and write a reflection paper on it. This is not a description of what you did. You need to reference concepts from the course materials learned thus far and reflect on the activity. Please refer to a specific course concept in each paper. (“As stated in lecture, according to our textbook” etc.) If you are not on campus, please report on your personal recreation and leisure activity. (Materials Will be Provided)

    Programming Question

    Please know the topics and open up the review file
    Inheritance
    Method Overriding
    10 questions consist of mainly multiple-choice, T/F, Vocabs, and 1-2 short fill in the code questions about 3-4 lines of code
    30 mins to complete. Can take it anytime from today till April 3rd 11 pm EST
    we will discuss what time works best. Also please know UML just in case multiple choice UML shows up.

    History Question

    I have a discussion post, which requires a 250-400 word response. The readings you will need to answer the questions have been attached :).
    You only have to answer two questions not all 4 you can pick! for the discussion post response!!
    1. Why might Benedict place such a strong emphasis on humility?
    2. How would you describe Benedict’s tone in the Prologue? What does this suggest about his overall goal in composing his Rule?
    3. In the Life of St Anthony, which, remember, was being written by Athanasius of Alexandria with a particular vision of Anthony’s purpose in history, what was the Devil trying to prevent both immediately for Anthony but also with a larger view of the Church, as Athanasius understood it?
    ORIGINS AND RISE OF ISLAM
    4. How does the Qur’an describe Jews and Christians in either the selections from the Qur’an or in the Constitution of Medina (ca. 625 CE)? How do the selections resonate with or criticize their beliefs?
    Requirements: 250-400 Word Post Times New Roman Size 12 Font Double-Spaced APA Format Excluding the Title and Reference Pages | .doc file
    Please be sure to carefully follow the instructions
    No plagiarism

    EXP 3523 – Memory and Memory Improvement Poster on Alzheimer’s Disease (must deal with memory loss issues)

    You are expected to prepare a poster on Alzheimer’s Disease (must deal with memory loss)
    You can turn it in as a .ppt or as a .pdf file. Either way, the project should look like a poster.
    The display should be “attractive” and informative without requiring too much time or concentration to understand what is being presented.
    Students are encouraged to be creative, using imagination and good humor as well as factual information to present their material. Each project will be evaluated on its originality, depth of thought, appropriate use of source materials, overall correctness of style, accuracy, completeness, and attractiveness (of the display).
    There MUST be extended research beyond the information available in the text or lecture materials. Include this research in a reference section.
    There must be a discussion of original research discussed must concern the psychological and neural underpinnings of the disorder. That is, not about the treatment of the amnesia, but the psychological or neural that cause it.
    Required: Clear communication of information and ideas.
    Be aware that the text of your poster may be submitted to Turnitin. Do not plagiarize.
    The poster must be written in APA format and be approximately 500 words in length. If you have questions about APA formatting please see www.apa.org (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
    I have attached two examples of the poster format.

    Management Question

    Part B. Two Individual written blogs arising from these two discussions (2 blog entries of 500 words each; each blog marked out of 20 for a total mark of 40).
    Please ensure that the two blogs are submitted in one document
    the guideline will attached with pdf file and also part A will be attached

    paraphrasing a report

    I will upload a pdf that contains (a material’s lab report,) and this report has four sections: Intro, procedure, results, and discussion. I will use the same data; therefore, all I want you to do is paraphrase all 4-paragraphs inside this report. Please paraphrase it by yourself; I don’t want to get in trouble because of that.

    Tax Memo (crypto)

    You have accepted a position as a staff accountant in the tax department of a mid-tier San Diego accounting firm. Your first client assignment is for a local business owner, Scott. Scott owns a real estate investment business where he purchases rundown houses, fixes them up, and then either resells them or rents them out. Scott incorporated his business in 2017, Sunny San Diego Investments Inc (SSDII). You received the email below from your manager on the client team. Although you are nervous about the prospect of your first research question at your new job, you remember all that you learned in your tax class at SDSU, and you are ready to tackle this! You recall learning how to format a clear tax memo for your client file, and how to find and reference primary tax resources to support your answer.
    ————————————————————————————————————–
    Good morning Tax Staff,
    I got an email from our client, Scott, this morning. SSDII has made some new investments during 2021, and he has questions regarding the taxation of these investments. Please see his email below and prepare an internal memo for the client file. I need you to send me this memo by Sunday, April 10, at 11:30pm, so that I can have the information prepared for our client call on Monday morning April 11th.
    I look forward to reading the findings of your research!
    Tax Manager
    —————————————————————————————————————
    Fwd email:
    Hi Tax Manager
    As you know SSDII has successfully been making real estate investments since our incorporation in 2017. This past year our management team decided to expand our investment portfolio and enter into the exciting world of cryptocurrencies. As I’m sure you know, the cryptocurrency market can be pretty volatile, so we have been trading in and out of various positions of Bitcoins, Ethereum, and Solana on a monthly basis. As I’m preparing my year-end documents to send over to you for tax preparation, I came across a news article about crypto taxation that was concerning. The article looked at the Build Back Better Act that was passed by the House of Representatives in November. Apparently there are provisions in this bill, concerning cryptocurrencies and changes to the wash sale rules, that seem like they could have some negative tax implications for me. Since SSDII is new to securities investments, I don’t understand what these wash sale rules mean and whether I need to worry about this for our 2021 tax returns. Can you help me understand this new business venture? What are the tax implications of our crypto investments? What are the wash sale rules? Will they impact my crypto investments in 2021? What about in future tax years? Is there anything I should do to prevent having tax problems going forward?
    Thanks for your help!
    Scott
    Grading Rubric:

    Headline and Body copy

    I’m trying to make three print ads for Delta airlines. I already make the tagline: The best taste in air.
    Please craft three different Headline and body copies for delta airlines. please make sure the headlines are different but fall under the same concept.
    Each headline should be a short, simple sentence. body copy might be 2 to 3 sentences.

  • Accounting Question
    No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Accounting Question

    No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Accounting Question

    Accounting Assignment Help No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Accounting Question

    The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.
    Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.
    Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.
    Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.
    Late submission will NOT be accepted.
    Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.
    All answers must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism.
    Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

    Public Health Question

    Dear Writer,
    Please read the article about a non-experimental study that uses matching.

    https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a5.htm?s_cid=mm6936a5_x

    Please respond to the following questions.

    1. How are people in the case group different from the control group?
    2. How was matching done here? Tell me specifically: On what factor(s) were respondents matched that they were the same? On what factor(s) were they matched that they were different?

    3. What was the main finding? In other words, how did the matched pairs differ? What was the significant difference between the individuals in each group (other than the one they were matched on)?

    4 a and 4 b. This is not an experiment, but it is a real-life and recent example of how matching is used in research. Doing an experiment to study this would be unethical and generally impossible. But let’s say that you somehow could. Let’s say you wnat to test the main finding of the study (see your response to #3). How would you put people into conditions tst out the main findings in an experiment? So a) what would the conditions be and b) how would you put people into them?

  • Accounting Question
    No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Accounting Question

    No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Accounting Question

    Accounting Assignment Help No plagrisiam , i want original text
    You can find the instructions inside the file.
    Support your answers from the textbook
    Thank you.

    Our Textbook (I don’t have a copy).
    Eldenburg, L. G.,

    Appraisal Case Study (105 points)

    Appraisal Case Study (105 points)
    Managers must monitor and help improve the performance of employees to meet organizational objectives, goals, and response to unforeseen circumstances such as an increase or decrease in sales demand. A manager will often help improve business processes, including the performance management plan.
    Scenario
    Malek is a member of a three-person management team for a small business merging with another organization. Both companies have experienced poor performance from staff, a decline in sales, and low morale. The newly appointed Chief Operations Officer (COO) has asked Malek to create a performance management appraisal system to improve poor performance, issues with decreased sales, and low employee morale.
    Although Malek knows the other managers on his team, he is not familiar with how the managers in the other organization have approached performance management. Malek is also unsure about the experiences of his new co-managers with recording performance management and what their attitudes to collecting this kind of data might be.
    Putting yourself in the place of Malek, and based upon the information provided in this scenario, address the following:
    What are ways that Malek can ensure alignment from managers in both organizations about data collection for the purposes of performance management?
    How can Malek set goals and reinforce those goals with employees, specifically since individuals are coming together from two organizations?
    What are some potential approaches that Malek could take to ensure that performance appraisals are reliable and consistent across the new organization?
    What are key performance indicators (KPIs), or methods of measurement will you use to track performance?
    Ensure to integrate sufficient support from scholarly resources throughout the assignment. Use suitable headings and subheadings to organize the work in an appropriate manner.
    Be sure to support your statements with logic and argument, citing any sources referenced.
    Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements:
    Be 4-6 pages in length, which does not include the title and reference pages, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements.
    Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.
    Support your submission with course material concepts, principles, and theories from the textbook and at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.
    Review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.

    Sociology

    InstructionWhen writing the assignment I will send my previous work so you can add more to it. The 2nd file is the Guidelines for the assignment
    The 3rd file is my own work please add to it I was told to write more to it But I have other assignments to do

    using entity relationship diagramming template in microsoft visio, develop an erd for the business described above.

    Using Entity Relationship diagramming template in Microsoft Visio, develop an E-R diagram for the business described above. Save and upload your Visio file.Denton National Bank has a number of branch offices in several states. Attributes of branch offices include Branch ID and Location.Each branch office has one or more employees. Attributes of employee include Employee ID and Employee Name.While an employee can work for only one branch office at a time, the employee can be transferred to different offices.The bank wants to keep track of all branch offices an employee has worked along with the beginning date and the ending date of each assignment.For each branch office, there is always one employee assigned to manage that office.The managing employee may manage only the branch office to which she is assigned.The bank maintains account records including Account ID, Account Type and Balance.Each account is associated with the branch where the account was created.Each branch office may have any number of accounts.Each account belongs to one or more customers. Attributes of customer are Customer ID and Customer Name.While an account can be associated with multiple customers, one customer must be designated as the primary account holder.[Note] You will develop a database based on your ERD using Microsoft Access in the next assignment.

    discussion question

    Discussion Question :
    Use the problem-definition process outlined in Chapter 6 of the Zikmund textbook, then respond to the following question:
    Describe the steps involved in the problem-definition process.
    Evaluate the following statement of business research problems. For each, provide a decision statement and corresponding research purpose:
    An employees’ credit union: Our problem is to determine the reasons why employees join the credit union, determine members’ awareness of credit union services, and measure attitudes and beliefs about how effectively the credit union is operated.
    The producer of a television show: We have a marketing problem. The program’s ratings are low. We need to learn how we can improve our ratings.
    A soft-drink manufacturer: The marketing problem is that we do not know if our bottlers are more satisfied with us than our competitors’ bottlers are with them.
    Your discussion should be a page long. APA

    business law

    Read the discussion forum below, which shows several employees’ posts about how to develop a better performance review system. Then, answer the questions that follow.
    Jackson: Hi team, this week we’ll use this forum to discuss our performance review system. Specifically, we want to explore the benefits and drawbacks about the timing of our reviews. Currently, our reviews are conducted annually. The HR team wants to know what we think about quarterly reviews. The HR team wants us to share our views with them by September 10.
    Cynthia: I’ve never experienced quarterly reviews before, so it’s hard for me to say if that’s better. My hunch is quarterly reviews would be more fair and helpful. But, I also assume they take a lot of extra time for our managers. @Erin I think your last company held quarterly reviews. What are your experiences with more frequent reviews? Has anyone else worked at a company with more frequent reviews? Tell us what it was like.
    Erin: @Cynthia your assumptions match my experience. I enjoyed getting more frequent feedback. But, when I was a manager, it was a crushing responsibility because the company expected me to conduct the reviews without lightening my load elsewhere. @Nigel thanks for sharing your experiences with monthly reviews. You mentioned the reviews are more like check-ins that don’t require so much time by the managers. Totally makes sense to me. @Vilmaalso think your comments about adding peer reviews makes a lot of sense and relieves managers.
    Nigel: Hi all, there’s one discussion point I hope we can meet in person (or by online conference) to discuss. I appreciate the HR team wants our input about the frequency of reviews, but I’m worried that we’re not addressing one of the problems: perceived fairness of the reviews. I believe in 15 minutes, we could work out a few common concerns to share with the HR group from our whole team.
    Jackson: Thanks for your comments, team. Overall, here are what I think are the key take-aways: (a) we want more feedback, so quarterly reviews may be helpful; (b) we don’t want to create an unreasonable burden on managers; and (c) we want more conversation around objectivity and fairness of the reviews. At this point, I propose I draft our comments into a short report for your review. I also suggest we set up a one-hour
    Questions:
    1. Identify five strategies used in this online forum. (3 Marks)
    2. What are the main differences and similarities between blogs and forums? (1 Mark)
    3. In your point of view, do you think this forum is an effective or ineffective forum? Why? (1 Mark)
    250 words

    talent and preformance management presentation

    Each student will give an 8-10 minute presentation on your research paper. Presentations must be audio/video recorded and posted in Canvas.

    Presentation will cover:

    Training and Development, Performance
    Management , Managing Compensation and Pay for Performance

    Your presentation should include information on how the industry trains and develops employees. What training programs do they offer? How is training viewed within the industry? How do training programs align with the unique jobs they must recruit for? Which organizations are considered a learning organization? Why?

    How are companies performing in the industry?

    The presentation should also include how organizations pay and incentivize employees. Are bonusses or other pay for performance programs used? If so, which ones and how are they designed? Can you find examples of equal pay laws being violated? If so, how did these violations impact the industry? Do employees feel they are paid fairly? Which organizations lead or lag in their industry in compensation? How are executive pay packages designed within the industry and what perks do executives receive that other employees do not. What stock options or retirement incentives are provided to employees?

    Conclude with your key takeaways and suggestions for improvement.

  • Accounting Question
    all answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).
    The Assignment must be submitted in (WORD format only).
    Use 2 to 4 References and write it on the last page by APA style.
    I want new words, No plagiarism “Please make it 0% percentage”.
    Requirements: Mentioned in the file
    Requirements: when I need to customize the answer length to your needs

    Cleaning and Profiling Data – Java

    Cleaning and Profiling Code
    Use only Hadoop MapReduce in this part of your project.
    Do not use anything else.
    You must write and submit 2 separate MapReduce jobs:?
    MR Job 1.
    Data profiling – to explore your data
    – Name the files: CountRecs.java, CountRecsMapper.java, CountRecsReducer.java
    (Please use these exact names for your classes)
    – This MR job counts the number of records in a dataset
    – Run it on the original dataset, before cleaning, and output the number of records
    – Run it on the cleaned dataset (result of MR Job 2 described below), output number of records – If the number of records don’t match, you should figure out why that is
    – Re-submit a schema if it has changed.
    MR Job 2.
    Data cleaning – to avoid nasty exceptions later on in your analytic
    – Name the files: Clean.java, CleanMapper.java, CleanReducer.java
    (Please use these exact names for your classes)
    – This MR job cleans the data – for example, by dropping columns you don’t need.
    – It should write out a new file with only the columns you will use in your analytic.
    – The selected columns for your data schema
    FOR FULL CREDIT, PROVIDE THE CLASSES FOR EACH JOB

    Management Question

    Accounting Assignment Help
    PRIORITISE TOP TUTOR
    E–x-a-m Time: 1/4/2022 9am – 5/4/2022 23.59
    Question structure: The examination will consist of short answer conceptual questions and practical exercises/problem questions. The questions will be comparable to those covered in class; therefore, the best form of revision will be to work through lecture and tutorial questions, exercises and problems.
    Topic covered: Similar to that screenshot attached

    Management Question

    This Assignment is based on ‘Lean Manufacturing System’:

    As we know that 5S is a lean manufacturing approach to “A place for everything, and everything in its place” based on the Toyota Production System.
    Sort
    straighten
    shine
    standardize
    sustain
    To consider these five S, write an ‘Article’ focusing on the following considerations.
    Employee Morale
    Safety
    Efficiency
    Reduces time for looking
    Performance evaluation

    Note: The Article should not be less than 300 words

    Accounting Question

    all answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).
    The Assignment must be submitted in (WORD format only).
    Use 2 to 4 References and write it on the last page by APA style.
    I want new words, No plagiarism “Please make it 0% percentage”.
    Requirements: Mentioned in the file
    Requirements: when I need to customize the answer length to your needs

    Political Science Question

    It is a video to watch and I will upload the requirements for it and the questions. You don’t need to include the photos. I will.
    The paper should be two pages with one-inch margins and 12 point font. Address all four promptsthoroughly in your essay. The photos should enhance the essay but not replace the text. The essayshould be 1000-1200 words in length.
    The video is this

    Political Science Question

    It is a video to watch and I will upload the requirements for it and the questions. You don’t need to include the photos. I will.
    The paper should be two pages with one-inch margins and 12 point font. Address all four promptsthoroughly in your essay. The photos should enhance the essay but not replace the text. The essayshould be 1000-1200 words in length.
    The video is this

    CJCU 415 Discussion Question

    The text lists a number of predictors for the use of excessive force. Why are these factors related to excessive force? Are these factors consistent with what you would expect? Explain why or why not. Is there a way of ethically addressing these factors in order to reduce the use of excessive force?
    Will provide book information when assigned a tutor

    Python Program

    From the NetworkX library in python, load the karate club dataset and perform the following:Visualize the graph
    Does this graph have any connected components? Comment on the connectivity of the graph.
    Does this graph have any communities?
    Create the inverted graph:
    the inverted graph has edges between any two nodes which are not connected in the original graph
    edges between nodes in the original graph should be removed in the inverted graph

    Comment on the connectivity of the resulting graph. Also, do you see any communities in the inverted graph?

    CJCU 415 Discussion Question

    In the text there is a Walking the Walk case study about rookie Oakland Police Officer Keith Batt. Officer Batt reported his training officer, and other officers, for unethical acts and the commission of crimes. Which of the explanations of deviance discussed in the text, do you think describes the corrupt officers’ behavior? Why or why not? Do you think the “rotten-apple argument” does or does not apply to this case? Why or why not?
    Will provide book information when assigned a tutor.

  • accounts analysis
    Pick two account to analyze (Ex: Account receivable, Cash, Account
    payable, Sales , cost of goods sold.)
    analysis. (4 years)
    1. Set level of materiality (Ex : change of 25% or higher )2. Make a conclusion for each account (1. point )o The auditor should pay more attention to the sales account. It decreased by 45 17 and by 66% in 2018. Interestingly, the percentage of change dropped in2019. However, the sales changes did not exceed our threshold limit of 25%,which means the changes is within the acceptable range.o The changes in the COGS were not significant. It was relatively the same duringthe last three years.3. Make a conclusion for Both Accounts (.5 point)o The COGS remained relatively the same despite the slight increase in the sale.The auditor must consider the cause of this inconsistency to ensure that no vicioussales were recoded or that no costs were missedFormula:(THE YEAR /THE BASE YEAR)*100 = CHANGE RELATIVE TO BASE YEAR
    Solve the above question as in the example belowThe table below is a solution to a different question

    Appraisal of a Clinical Practice Guideline 55 unread replies.55 replies. Reflect on your current and past practice, and then

    Appraisal of a Clinical Practice Guideline
    55 unread replies.55 replies.
    Reflect on your current and past practice, and then think about the variation in practice that you have witnessed and be prepared to discuss how you might address these challenges.

    You are to select one of the clinical practice guidelines (CPG) linked below. You are to individually appraise the CPG using the AGREE II Tool and post:

    1. Post a brief summary of your results to the discussion board.

    2. Add your thoughts about the process of CPG review and usefulness of the tool.

    3. Post a substantive response to all peers who comment on your post.

    4. Post a comment with references to at least 2 other students for their initial post.

    5. Include references in all of the above posts.

    Unger, T., Borghi, C., Charchar, F., Khan, N., Poulter, N., Prabhakaran, D., . . . Schutte, A. (2020). 2020 International Society of Hypertension global hypertension practice guidelines. Journal of Hypertension, 38(6), 982-1004. (Links to an external site.)

    Grundy, S., Stone, N., Bailey, A., Beam, C., Birtcher, K., Blumenthal, R., . . . Smith, S. (2019). 2018 AHA/ACC/AACVPR/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/ADA/AGS/APhA/ASPC/NLA/PCNA Guideline on the management of blood cholesterol: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation Journal of the American Heart Association, 139(25), E1082-E1143. (Links to an external site.)

    Cloutier, M., Baptist, A., Blake, K., Brooks, E., Bryant-Stephens, T., DiMango, E., . . . Walsh, C. (2020). 2020 focused updates to the asthma management guidelines: A report from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Coordinating Committee Expert Panel Working Group. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 146(6), 1217-1270.

    research proposal for PhD level has to be well written, reference by end note, i uploaded 20 resources and

    Accounting Assignment Help research proposal for PhD level has to be well written, reference by end note, i uploaded 20 resources and one sample so try to make it the same as the sample and please add more sources, the objectives is attached, no plagiarism, annotated bibliography is attached as well

    Module 6 Paper Essay

    Write a 1200-word paper that addresses all of the following topics:
    – Why Does Project Management Give You a Competitive Advantage in the Marketplace?
    – Why Does Project Management Make You More Marketable?
    – Why is project management skills so critical for diverse work teams?
    – “Task focus” as a strategy for diverse project teams.

    ***FEEL FREE TO USE AS MANY SOURCES AS NEEDED***

    Respond to the following 2 discussion posts separately with separate reference lists. 1. [Paige Coffee] Eric Johnson is a

    Respond to the following 2 discussion posts separately with separate reference lists.

    1. [Paige Coffee] Eric Johnson is a white male suffering from untreated allergies, chlamydia, and pneumonia. Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the united states currently with 50 percent of those infected showing or having no symptoms (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2022). The infection is most prevalent in people under the age of 26, with multiple sex partners, and those who fail to use barrier protection methods (CDC, 2022). This can also cause urethritis, epididymitis, proctitis, and reactive arthritis in men (CDC, 2022). The infection is most easily detected in urine. It is also noted that often if treatment for chlamydia is to occur treatment for gonorrhea is also indicated.

    First line treatment of the STI is Doxycycline 100mg PO BID for 7 days, and concurrent treatment for gonorrhea would include ceftriaxone IM (500 mg if patient weights less than 150 kg and 1gram for those over 150kg). It is also important to counsel Eric that he should avoid sexual activity for seven days. Doxycycline is a tetracycline brand name is Adoxa (Micromedex, 2022). It’s mechanism of action is bacteriostatic and binds to the 30s prokaryotic ribosomal unit during protein synthesis (Kashani-Asadi-Jafari

    Technology Management – BUSINESSES THAT HAVE FAILED DUE TO LACK OF INNOVATION

    Instructions:
    Read the cases below and answer the questions that follow

    Answer the following questions

    • Describe the types of innovations in the five companies mentioned in this case study.
    [5]

    • For each company, suggest guidelines that could have been taken to avoid innovation failures
    [10]

    Hey writer, For this assignment, I have sent you a case study which I need you to answer the

    Hey writer, For this assignment, I have sent you a case study which I need you to answer the 4 questions at the bottom. I have also attached course hero’s answer to the questions. What I will need you to do is answer it originally, however if you need help you can paraphrase the answers course hero’s responses slightly. I need you to either paraphrase it super well so that when I submit the case study, I won’t get caught for plagiarism or just start it from scratch. Also, please format the answers in bullet points and short sentences rather than long paragraphs. Please let me know if you can complete this assignment for me? Please also create at least 2 tables when answering the questions. I also understand that it may be more than 200 words or more than 1 page, so if done well I will provide a good tip for you 🙂 Thanks

    Cultural and Global Effects on Project Management

    Reflect on the effects culture and other global influences have on Project Management. Using the resources from this course as well as additional scholarly resources, follow the below directions.

    The focus for this paper will be to help students identify the need for cultural intelligence and diversity intelligence as well as identify faith-based responses to these dynamics in the workplace. Leaders running projects need to navigate the dynamics of these teams, effectively. To do so, they can utilize CQ to problem solve, resolve conflict, and negotiate. We will discuss how focusing teams on task vs. relationships reduces conflict. Also, we will discuss humility and where humility is a necessary component of PM.

    Write a 1200-word paper that addresses three (3) topics from the following topics:
    – What is cultural relativity? How does it relate to your role in leadership and business?
    – How is confrontation and negotiation differing across cultures in business?
    – What are upgraders and downgrades?
    – How is task focus versus relationship focus critical to diverse project work teams?
    – How does humility play a role?
    – In what ways will you change your leadership and apply these learnings?

    Links –
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jM0xg5RgAx0
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYBbRxMPb3g
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LC_EXd0uWnA
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fq_L_YX0kBo
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqbBYWv5e7Y
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qf1ZI-O_9tU

    ***FEEL FREE TO USE AS MANY SOURCES AS NEEDED. BUT PLEASE MAKE SURE THE MAJORITY ARE FROM THE COURSE LINKS AND ARE ALSO SCHOLARLY REVIEWED ARTICLES***

    please visit a website that provides the financial statements for publicly-traded companies. Perform an analysis of a company’s liquidity

    please visit a website that provides the financial statements for publicly-traded companies. Perform an analysis of a company’s liquidity using at least five liquidity ratios from the book. Following the quantitative analysis, provide a qualitative report of the company’s liquidity.
    Also provide/attach your calculations to your post in an Excel spreadsheet.

    This assignment will give you the chance to explore unique issues related to the history of intergroup relations among

    This assignment will give you the chance to explore unique issues related to the history of intergroup relations among racial groups, and give examples of the different obstacles a specific group has encountered.

    Choose one of the topics below to research based upon a contemporary issue that impacts one of the racial groups listed: (, AFRICAN AMERICANS IS WHAT I CHOOSE
    , from chapter 5 in your textbook). You may also use our FTCC library (such as the FTCC databases), as well as: .edu., .gov. (no .com sites) as additional resources in your response. (Refer to chapter 5 in our textbook)

    Choose one of the topics to research below: (Explain the history of the racial or ethnic group you are researching) –

    Prompt- complete questions 1-3, based upon one of the social issues below:

    1. What are some of the challenges this minority group has faced? Describe a specific issue that affects this population.

    2. Discuss one of the social issues listed below: Why is this issue still an ongoing social issue/problem within this population today?

    3. Why is understanding social diversity important to helping this population?(provide critical thinking in response to question # 3)

    THIS IS THE SUBJECT!!!! African Americans and racial profiling? What challenges exist today?

    Evaluate the CEC Ethics document and use the Ethics Graphic Organizer to rate each statement according to level of

    Evaluate the CEC Ethics document and use the Ethics Graphic Organizer to rate each statement according to level of importance to you:

    1: highly important – It will guide my practice every day

    2: moderately important – I will reflect on it periodically

    3: important – It is a natural part of educational ethics and requires little focus to accomplish.

    Based on the CEC Ethics document, develop a personal mission statement that will guide your teaching practice. Items you rated as ones should be evident in your statement. Twos and threes may be evident, but to a lesser degree according to their ratings.

    Write a paragraph to explain how this will inform your regular practice as a professional.

    APA/Grammarly written

  • Accounting Question
    Assignment 2
    Question No. 1
    Ms. X, who is 28 and single, has adjusted gross income of $110,000 and itemized deductions of $ 10,000. Insurance $5,000, welfare amount $ 20,000. (2 Marks)
    Required:
    In 2015, Ms. X will have taxable income of
    Answer:

    Question No. 2
    James Charles lives alone. His support comes from the following sources: (2 Marks)
    Grand Father support
    Nil
    Grand Mother support
    Nil
    A-(his son)
    $5,200
    B-(his brother)
    8,400
    C-(his daughter)
    4,600
    D-(a friend)
    2,000
    Total support
    $20,200
    Assuming a multiple support declaration exists.
    Required:
    Which of the individuals may claim James Charles as a dependent? Support your answer with explanation
    Answer:

    Question No. 3
    As per the company rule, discuss the requirements for staff welfare (meals/ food) provided by employers to be excluded from their employees’ income.
    Required: How is the rule distinguished from these requirements? (2 Marks)
    Answer:
    Question No. 4
    Mohammed is a Saudi national has submitted his zakat return including the following information for 1441H (amounts in SR) (2 Marks)
    a) Owns a shopping complex building at a book value of 1,200,000 and with market value of 1,800,000, the investment building produced a monthly rental value of 60,000, actual total expenses incurred of getting the income is of 120,000.
    b) Invested in a car showroom at a book value of 600,000 and with market value of 900,000, the car showroom produced annual revenues of 600,000, actual total expenses incurred of getting the income is of 90,000.
    Required: Calculate the receptacle of the zakat for each kind of zakat 1441 H.
    Answer:

    Question No. 5
    In your words, discuss why some fixed assets require alms to be paid while others do not.
    Give suitable example to support your answer (2 Mark).

    Civil Engineering Question

    I need help finishing this introduction of Unconfined test I think that is ch 16 in lab manual. Please don’t copy and paste from any resources if you want you can play with the words and write with your own words and put references. Our professor is very specific and deduct grades for plagiarism. I have uploaded the instructions and lab manual.
    lab manual citation which you can use as a reference: Soil Mechanics Laboratory Manual (9th Edition). Oxford University Press, 2016.

    Secondary ELA: A Pedagogy of Promise

    Accounting Assignment Help Module 1: As you read, take notes in the guide about ideas you think are salient for each of the four tenets of sociocultural theory. Look back on your notes from the reading and reflect on the four tenets of Sociocultural Theory.
    Which tenet do you think was most exemplified during the lesson? Why?
    Module 2: The Reading Guide works like a double-entry journal. In the left-hand column, you will identify at least 2 quotes from the reading that stand out to you. In the right-hand column, you will explain why you selected the chosen quotes, and add any additional questions or reactions you may have.
    As you read the brief, pick at least 2 quotes to copy and record and reflect on them in your Reading Guide (double-entry journal).
    Look back on your notes from the reading and reflect on the four types of relationships.

    Which relationship type(s) do you think was most exemplified during the lesson? Why?
    Please give specific examples in your reflection.

    Accounting Question

    Assignment Question(s):(Marks 10)

    Q1. Reinsurance is a form of insurance purchased by insurance companies in order to mitigate risk. Essentially, reinsurance can limit the amount of loss an insurer can potentially suffer. In other words, it protects insurance companies from financial ruin, thereby protecting the companies’ customers from uncovered losses.
    Questions:
    a. How do reinsurance companies work? (1 Mark)
    b. What are the Reinsurance Contracts? (2 Mark)
    c. Give example of reinsurances companies in KSA and describe their main services (1 Mark)
    Q2. What is the concept of “Fair Value? Outline the basic difference between fair value and book value of an asset. Explain the key features of fair value defined by FASB ASC. (3 Marks)
    Q3. Explain how three of the following elements can affect estimate of loss reserve. (3 marks)

    American Studies Question

    Think about your fated character and the sources you’ve discovered to use and answer the following questions (these do not have to be in full sentences):
    What is the topic of your paper? That is, what character did fate assign to you?
    Which three primary sources will you be using to investigate your paper topic and add evidentiary weight to the biography you are creating? Upon what particular sections of the primary sources will you be focusing? Cite at least two passages from your primary sources that appear relevant to your topic.
    What are three messages you hope to communicate in your biographical essay about your character? These messages can be about class, gender, society, race, political structures, upheaval, etc
    I have the answers for the three questions above, attached below.
    Now that you’ve given some thought to what you intend to convey with your paper and sources, write the first paragraph of your biography essay. This introductory paragraph should be clear with a strong first sentence (what is going to draw readers in?), it should show the reader your character (what kind of person are we reading about?) the relevant historical context (what are they living through at that moment in their life?) and provide a preview of your intentions for the biography.
    While this is not the final version, your intro paragraph should be beyond a rough draft – it should be “polished”, meaning a full paragraph, checked for grammar and clarity. Remember, the introductory paragraph sets the stage for the entire paper and a clear one will help entice your reader to keep reading, as well as help with your paper’s organization.

    Accounting Question

    Assignment Question(s): (Marks 10)

    Q 1 DK Company has projected sales and production in units for the second quarter of the year as follows :
    Particulars
    April
    May
    June
    Sales
    30000
    20000
    25000
    Production
    25000
    25000
    30000
    Required: A. Cash production costs are budgeted at $6 per unit produced. Of these production costs, 40% are paid in the month in which they are incurred and the balance in the following month. Selling and administrative expenses (all paid in cash) amount to $60,000 per month. The accounts payable balance on March 31 totals $96,000, all of which will be paid in April. Prepare a schedule for each month showing budgeted cash disbursements for DK Company. .
    B. Assume that all units will be sold on account for $15 each. Cash collections from sales are budgeted at 60% in the month of sale, 30% in the month following the month of sale and the remaining 10% in the second month following the month of sale. Accounts receivable on March 31 totaled $255,000 $(45,000 from February’s sales and the remainder from March.) Prepare a schedule for each month showing budgeted cash receipts for DK Company.
    ( 4 Marks)

    Answer

    Q2. K Ltd provided the following data concerning its only product: (1 Marks)
    Selling Price …………..SAR 200 per Unit
    Current Sales ……………..18, 800 Units
    Break-even Sales………….14,288 Units Compute the margin of safety in Riyal and as a percentage of sales. Answer

    Q3. KK Corporation produces and sells a product whose selling price is $110.00 per unit and whose variable expense is $29.70 per unit. The company’s monthly fixed expense is $345,290. Required: A. Break Even Point in Unit
    B Break Even Point in Dollar.
    Assume the company’s monthly target profit is $16,060. Determine the unit sales to attain that target profit. Show your work! D. Assume the company’s monthly target profit is $40,150. Determine the dollar sales to attain that target profit. Show your work! (3 Marks)
    Answer:

    Q 4. What do you mean by Variable and Absorption Costing? Explain both with suitable examples. (2 Marks)
    Answer:

    shortness of staff affects elderly abuse.

    Introduction, including problem statement
    This section includes a statement of your research problem and informs your reader that this is indeed a problem worthy of social work research and one that is important to populations that have been marginalized by structures in our country. A good problem statement concisely makes the reader aware of the scope of the problem so that he/she will understand why this problem is worthy of research. Using facts and statistics or concrete examples taken from previous studies (cited appropriately from articles found in your literature review) is an extremely effective way to grab your reader’s attention and help him/her to quickly understand why this is a problem worthy of research.
    Your concise problem statement should include answers to all of the following:

    Why is this problem relevant to social work?

    What is the scope of the problem? For example, how many people and what proportion of the general population does it affect? What systems, institutions, and policies are affected by this problem?

    Why is research about this topic necessary? For example, how does it affect a marginalized or under-served population? Is it a newly emerging topic? Does this problem affect a lot of people? Is there a social justice or ethical element related to research about this topic? Has prior research not provided an adequate explanation or understanding of the problem or an effective solution?

    What remains unknown about this problem?

    Include a statement about why principles related to participatory action research are important for your project, specifically. Please cite 1-2 of the PAR related sources that you are reading for class in your justification.

    Discussion of Literature Review

    Write several paragraphs about past and current research about your topic.

    You can use the studies you found in your journaling assignment to form the basis for your discussion here. You may need to find a few more. You should include 5 studies to get a feel for the range of research out there on your topic.

    Discuss how your proposed research fits into the studies that have already been done – how is it similar and how is it different? What is new about your work and why is it important to add to what is there?

    Discuss how your idea and consideration of marginalized communities will set your work apart from the other work in the field.

    Methodology decision
    Here you should write a brief paragraph to describe whether you have chosen to conduct a quantitative survey project or a qualitative interview, focus group, mapping, or visual description project. Describe in a few sentences why you chose the method you chose and how it will give voice to and elevate the perspectives of your participants. This is how you will choose your methods. If you plan on using survey methods, identify the 2 or 3 ideas that you are most interested in studying. Your instructor will suggest finding validated survey questionnaire items to help you measure those ideas. If you choose qualitative focus group or interview methodology, you will be developing an interview guide with questions that you will ask of your participants. If you choose any of the other methods (i.e., mapping or visual description), you will be identifying things you might study or look for. The guide referenced above provides examples to help you think about this. Please see the attachment that gives additional details about approaches to data collection for the recommended methods for this project.
    Project Description (How would you carry out the study that you are proposing?)

    What is the purpose of your study: exploratory, descriptive, etc.?

    In very specific terms, what is your research question?

    Will your study be quantitative or qualitative? What is your rationale for the chosen method?
    If it is quantitative, state your hypothesis. Identify the independent variable and the dependent variable. How will your variables be defined operationally? (Translation of variables into operational terms).

    If it is qualitative, what are the sensitizing concepts you have identified from the literature? How would you define these with participants?

    accounts analysis

    Pick two account to analyze (Ex: Account receivable, Cash, Account
    payable, Sales , cost of goods sold.)
    analysis. (4 years)

    1. Set level of materiality (Ex : change of 25% or higher )2. Make a conclusion for each account (1. point )o The auditor should pay more attention to the sales account. It decreased by 45 17 and by 66% in 2018. Interestingly, the percentage of change dropped in2019. However, the sales changes did not exceed our threshold limit of 25%,which means the changes is within the acceptable range.o The changes in the COGS were not significant. It was relatively the same duringthe last three years.3. Make a conclusion for Both Accounts (.5 point)o The COGS remained relatively the same despite the slight increase in the sale.The auditor must consider the cause of this inconsistency to ensure that no vicioussales were recoded or that no costs were missedFormula:(THE YEAR /THE BASE YEAR)*100 = CHANGE RELATIVE TO BASE YEAR
    Solve the above question as in the example belowThe table below is a solution to a different question

    HPA 430: Healthcare Leadership

    Short Case Assignment #3: Cornerstone 3: Casey Miller’s Real Way with PeopleProcedure
    Read the case study below and write a 2-3 page essay (double-spaced, 12 point, Times New Roman) summarizing the problems in and suggesting possible solutions to the listening, feedback and mentoring relationship between Casey and Parker. Apply the material you see as important from the textbook, readings, and other sources on listening, feedback, mentoring, developing teams and energizing staff.
    Casey Miller, manager of support services for City Medical Center, dreaded completing the monthly statistical report for his department. Miller was responsible for services supporting the efforts of the Medical Center, including laundry and linen services, housekeeping, and more. At one time, the report was relatively simple, but as the administration requested more and more detail to be able to deal with budget and quality issues, the report had become a giant headache. As the complications grew, Miller had simply modified the methods for preparing the report, so there was no detailed documentation of how to complete the increasingly complex tables and spreadsheets.
    Faced with the monthly deadline next week, and confronting the usual problems always present in support services, Casey Miller decided it was time to delegate the preparation of the report to assistant manager, Parker Curtis. This would be a great learning opportunity for Parker, a chance to demonstrate future leadership ability in the department.
    Miller called Curtis into the office, handed over a copy of the previous two months’ reports and a thumb drive with the blank templates for the next report. Casey said, “I know you’ve seen these before, and I’ve decided that it’s time for you to get some experience doing it. It’s been getting to be a real pain, and I’ve got more important things to do than be tied up in some routine report some C-suite jerk is going to use for a Powerpoint show.”
    Curtis looked over the information, and said, “I’m sure I can do it. I’ve certainly looked over your final reports plenty of times. It looks complicated, but if I get off on the right foot, I can figure it out. How about if you walk me through it, and we do this first one together so I can get the hang of it?”
    Miller grimaced. “Look, Parker, my objective here is to free up my time. If I have to hold your hand, I may as well do it myself.” Grinning, Casey added, “Besides, if I can do it without any management education, than anyone with half a brain and an MHA like you ought to be able to do it.”
    Parker nodded, and left the office without further comment.
    At the end of the next day, Curtis stopped Miller in the hallway as they were headed in different directions. “Casey,” he said, “I’m glad I found you. I have a few questions about that report, mostly concerning how you come up with some of the totals and percentages in a few of those spreadsheets.”
    Miller barely even broke stride. “Sorry, Parker, I can’t take the time. You’ll just have to figure it out yourself. I had to do the same thing. You have all weekend. I need it first thing Monday morning.”
    On Monday, Miller found the report and thumb drive sitting in the chair in the office with a note about an all-day committee meeting that Parker would be attending . Casey flipped through the charts and tables, and was about to sign the report, when a number in one table seemed odd. Looking at the previous month’s chart for comparison, Miller saw that Parker’s report had to be way out of line. Looking more closely now, Casey did a line-by-line comparison. The mistake went back to an error Parker made on the very first page, which now made the charts and tables on every page incorrect. Casey was going to have to re-do the entire thing. Still working at 4:30 PM, Casey threw down his pencil when Parker stopped by and asked, “What are you up to, Casey?”

    Shadow Health Documentation

    In preparation for the Comprehensive (Head-to-Toe) Physical Assessment due in Week 9, it is recommended that you practice conducting an assessment of the skin, hair, and nails this week.
    Note: This is an optional practice physical assessment.To Prepare
    Arrange an appropriate time and setting with your volunteer “patient” to perform a skin, hair, and nails examination.
    Download and review the Skin, Hair, and Nails Student Checklist and Key Points, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, and review the Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination online media.

  • Thesis Topic:Sustainability Performance and Key aAudit Matters
    The full thesis paper will be of 100 pages but i first i will need 20 pages which should consist of three chapters ( 1, 2 and 3).
    A Presentation of the theoretical framework and research method. (The seminar is based on a section of the introductory, theory and method chapters, including the planned data collection approach and a plan for the continued work).

    upd:
    as many sources as possible
    i have upload the file which works as a guideline on how to write the thesis from my school and i hope he/she reads it carefully and follow all the instructions

    upd: the references should be in APA format

    UPD: Ok, i have some suggestions:-
    For example. Audit quality and stock performance, Financial instruments and stock performance or Goodwill and stock performance

    Jesus and what does he do?

    Who is Jesus and what does He do? Essay This essay should discuss the impact of Jesus Christ in two particular areas after a satisfactory foundation has been laid from a historical perspective. Part of the essay should clarify what the Incarnation is: 1. His crucifixion and resurrection. 2. His desired relationship with humanity today. This paper must follow APA formatting. It must be six pages in length and include five sources. Only three of your sources can be from Internet articles with reputable authors. Two sources must come from magazines or books.

    what we believe about God the most important thing about us?

    Accounting Assignment Help Why is what we believe about God the most important thing about us? – Essay In his book “Pursuit of God” A.W. Tozer said that what we believe about God is the most important thing about us. Why did he come to this conclusion and what do you think the implications are of this statement? This paper must follow APA formatting. It must be five pages in length and include five sources. Only three of your sources can be from Internet articles with reputable authors. Two sources must come from magazines or books.

    Hershey Company (Please do not waste your word count on describing the models to us – we know them already. We want you to demonstrate their application. If you absolutely feel the need to provide a descriptor of some sort for either PESTEL or Porter’s 5 forces, consider using an image). 1. Introduction (250 words) Your intro should be a preview of what the reader is about to discover; it should grab the reader’s attention and preview the approach that you have taken. Present your organization – what does the reader need to know about it? Purpose of the report – what is the report going to do? What question will it answer? What is the structure of the report? 2. External analysis

    Analysis The Hershey Company (Please do not waste your word count on describing the models to us – we know them already. We want you to demonstrate their application. If you absolutely feel the need to provide a descriptor of some sort for either PESTEL or Porter’s 5 forces, consider using an image). 1. Introduction (250 words) Your intro should be a preview of what the reader is about to discover; it should grab the reader’s attention and preview the approach that you have taken. Present your organization – what does the reader need to know about it? Purpose of the report – what is the report going to do? What question will it answer? What is the structure of the report? 2. External analysis

    Acme General Contractors, Inc. is the general contractor for the construction of a multi-story apartment building that is approximately

    Acme General Contractors, Inc. is the general contractor for the construction of a multi-story apartment building that is approximately 40% complete. They received an OSHA citation for not having an emergency action plan (EAP). You have been hired as the company safety officer to develop and implement the program required by OSHA.
    The apartment building will be 14 stories tall with 250 total apartments. The construction is concrete masonry units (CMU) block exterior walls and a metal roof. The company has seven sub-contractors performing typical work such as electrical, heating and air, and other services.
    Prepare a written EAP containing all the information required by 29 C.F.R. 1926.35. Your plan must address how you will specifically address the requirement for medical services and first aid, means of egress and notification of emergency, and employee training. Additionally, include a section that addresses how you will reduce the risk of and respond to acts of violence at the worksite.
    Your plan must be at least three pages in length, not counting your title page and reference page. You must include at least two academic references. Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment. APA formatting, however, is not necessary.

    Add one page onto my essay. I attached the prompt American Political Thought Part 1: Broadly on the Left

    Add one page onto my essay. I attached the prompt
    American Political Thought

    Part 1: Broadly on the Left
    Arguments of writers who refer to themselves as broadly on the left are persuasive because they are specific, repetitive, and use comparisons to convince their audiences. Repetition is an essential tool for persuasive writing, and Marxists and radical feminists utilize the technique to convince readers. They repeat gender, racial, and class inequalities several times in various passages to make people get what they are saying and understand that these inequities are fundamental challenges. Besides, their arguments are persuasive as they use comparisons to enable readers to understand the way various phenomena differ. For instance, Marxists assert that gender and racial inequalities reduced significantly in the 1800s, whereas class inequities increased during the gilded age (American Political Thought: The Center-Left, n.d.). Radical feminists also stress that female individuals received 67% earnings of what their male counterparts obtained in the 1980s, and the figure increased to 93% in 2020 (American Political Thought: Voices on the Left, n.d.). The assertions indicate that class, gender, and racial inequalities have increased. Furthermore, Betty Friedan is specific and includes an example of her effort for persuasion. The writer demonstrates that she established the National Organization for Women based on gender inequalities, making readers understand what she is saying. Therefore, these writers provide persuasive arguments through different techniques. Arguments of these writers have proved lastingly beneficial by showing specific individuals and laws that tried to eliminate class, gender, and racial inequalities. The authors emphasize that prominent figures supported the continuity of the Progressive Movement to enhance racial, class, and gender equalities (American Political Thought: The Central-Left, n.d.). They also ascertain that the Equal Pay Act, the Voting Rights Act, and the Civil Rights Act of 1963, 1965, and 1964 introduced provisions that minimized gender, racial, and class discriminations (American Political Thought: Voices on the Left, n.d.). Hence, these authors’ arguments make people acknowledge legendary figures and acts that attempted to bring gender, racial, and class equality.

    Part 2: Broadly on the Right
    Walter Lippmann’s arguments are more persuasive than John Dewey’s opinions on what undermines the justification for democracy because the former uses straightforward language and remain more authoritative than the latter. Lippmann utilizes simple language that a reader without technical knowledge can understand what he is saying about democracy. For instance, Lippmann uses simple language to explain that ordinary people know that democracy is fiction because they live in a globe where individuals do not provide direction (American Political Thought: Philosophers and Progressives, n.d.). Additionally, being authoritative is one quality that helps writers persuade their audiences, and Lippmann employs the technique appropriately by providing examples and being transparent and honest. Specifically, the writer reveals that democracy cannot be justified due to ignorance that prevents people from coming to the limelight to be bold and say that individuals cannot govern even through representatives because they know that it cannot happen. Lippmann is authoritative as he incorporates ignorance as an example of a factor that undermines democracy justification. Although Dewey also uses simple language to present his arguments, he does not persuade the way Lippmann does. He does not remain authoritative to offer examples and proof to validate his view of democracy. Dewey does not provide adequate evidence to substantiate why he refuses that people cannot involve in political affairs through representation or democracy. Thus, Lippmann’s arguments convince readers more than Dewey’s claims based on democracy. Aside from persuasion, Lippmann’s arguments are more beneficial than Dewey’s. Lippmann raises fundamental questions about democracy to help people engage in heated debates and discussions to brainstorm answers and increase knowledge. For instance, the writer asks whether democracy can allow people to make informed decisions regarding railway and subway construction. Such questions are beneficial as they subject readers to intensive learning and research to determine the importance of democracy among individuals. However, Dewey does not offer such scenarios to enable readers to participate in discussions to expand knowledge. Overall, Lippmann’s arguments outperform Dewey’s claims to a great extent.

    Respond to at least two colleagues who chose a case different from yours and address the following: What makes

    Respond to at least two colleagues who chose a case different from yours and address the following:

    What makes a social problem a social work problem?
    How can social work practice skills be applied to advocacy and policy that promote change?

    Separate each one by name of student with a minimum of 2 references.

    hi how are you, I have an assignment which is based on watching two shows that are very old

    hi how are you, I have an assignment which is based on watching two shows that are very old back in the 60s it’s very short if you search the two episodes on YouTube you can see, I also didn’t know if I was supposed to click movie review or question

    1.) Discussion 3 – Handout The attached handout focuses on seven expectations of principals in Essay

    1.) Discussion 3 – Handout The attached handout focuses on seven expectations of principals in the curriculum leadership role. On page 66, there are 10 tips for practitioners. Choose from the group, questions 1-5 OR 6-10 tips. (You must choose the group). Then, tell how you would practice each tip if you were principal. For example, if you choose group 1-5, the first tip is, “Challenge yourself and your team.” Explain how you would do that, based on the information in this handout, as well as your personal perspective. Then, you would go to #2, #3, #4, and #5, and do the same thing. State each tip before explaining. If you choose group 2, 6-10, you will begin with “Implement high expectations.” Explain how you would do that, based on the information in this handout, as well as your personal perspective. Then, you would go to #7, #8, #9,

    of health care providers at all levels brings you into contact with people from a variety of faiths. This calls for knowledge and understanding of a diversity of faith expressions; for the purpose of this course, the focus will be on the Christian worldview.

    The practice of health care providers at all levels brings you into contact with people from a variety of faiths. This calls for knowledge and understanding of a diversity of faith expressions; for the purpose of this course, the focus will be on the Christian worldview. Based on “Case Study: End of Life Decisions,” the Christian worldview, and the worldview questions presented in the required topic Resources you will complete an ethical analysis of George’s situation and his decision from the perspective of the Christian worldview. Provide a 1,500-2,000-word ethical analysis while answering the following questions: How would George interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative, with an emphasis on the fallenness of the world? How would George interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative, with an emphasis on the hope of resurrection? As George contemplates life with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), how would the Christian worldview inform his view about the value of his life as a person? What sorts of values and considerations would the Christian worldview focus on in deliberating about whether or not George should opt for euthanasia? Given the above, what options would be morally justified in the Christian worldview for George and why? Based on your worldview, what decision would you make if you were in George’s situation? Remember to support your responses with the topic Resources. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance. Attachments PHI-413V-RS-T4CaseStudyEndOfLifeDecisions.d

    Week 3 Discussion Essay

    Please read chapter 5. Use the book provided only. Please do NOT use any other version of this book. It is important you use the one provided. Then, find two topics that were most interesting and write about them. Then write why you found them interesting. Then provide YouTube links related to each of the topics/content you wrote about. The book provided will be the only source cited in the paper. The two YouTube links will be added to the reference page.

  • Reflecting on this past week’s learning activities… What concepts/principles resonated most with you? What seemed most relevant to your
    Reflecting on this past week’s learning activities… What concepts/principles resonated most with you? What seemed most relevant to your everyday life and future practice as an accountant? What questions will you carry forward, either because of their inherent value to continue to inform or just because they remain perplexing?

    Reflecting on this past week’s learning activities, please respond to the following: What did you specifically learn about the

    Reflecting on this past week’s learning activities, please respond to the following:

    What did you specifically learn about the forensic accounting and investigating topics covered in the assigned reading?
    What specific concepts/principles resonated most with you?
    What seemed most relevant to your everyday life; really, what part of this week’s material will you commit to follow in your professional career as an accountant?
    What questions will you carry forward, either because of their inherent value to continue to inform or just because they remain perplexing?

    Write a methods section for your proposed research study. You need to select both quantitative and qualitative methods that

    Accounting Assignment Help Write a methods section for your proposed research study. You need to select both quantitative and qualitative methods that you could use to answer your research questions. In the capstone, you will likely use quantitative or qualitative, but not both. While some of you may do a systematic review for your capstone, you must select a quantitative and qualitative method here to demonstrate your ability to choose appropriate methods for your given research question. Your research methods proposal should be 5-7 pages and include 1) an introduction that expresses the significance and context of the research, 2) a purpose statement (i.e., the rationale for why your research is being conducted), 3) research question(s) and hypotheses, 4) study design including subjects, sampling, and selection of qualitative and quantitative methods, 5) analysis plan; 6) bias/threats to validity and ethical concerns. The research methods plan should be approximately 6-7 pages. If you choose to develop a survey, questionnaire or interview guide, these may be included as appendices.

    I have attached the research proposal of the topic I am working on. The paper should be in APA format as well.

    Question to answer: Technology is integral to successful implementation in many projects through either support or integration. Name at

    Question to answer: Technology is integral to successful implementation in many projects through either support or integration. Name at least one technology that could improve the implementation process and your
    capstone project change proposal outcomes. Do you plan to use this technology? If not, what are the barriers that
    prevent its use?

    Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)
    Read “Evidence-Based Practice (EBP),” by Samonte and Valente, from Salem Press Encyclopedia (2015), for
    specific information on developing a literature review.
    https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
    direct=true

    I want to see a proposal from you for your paper: a specific topic you will research (or a

    I want to see a proposal from you for your paper: a specific topic you
    will research (or a question), a discussion of why you are drawn to this topic, and
    what you think your direction might be at this point. You should also have
    identified, read, and summarized three possible sources (articles or book chapters)
    that your paper might make use of. This proposal will be submitted in Canvas for a
    grade; it will count toward the category “short papers/discussion posts” (see
    syllabus).

    Hide Assignment Information Instructions Planning for the Surge: How Do Amazon, UPS, and FedEx Manage Peak Seasons? (adapted from

    Hide Assignment Information
    Instructions
    Planning for the Surge:
    How Do Amazon, UPS, and FedEx Manage Peak Seasons?

    (adapted from Principles of Management, Rice University, OpenStax)
    Typically, the day after Thanksgiving (Black Friday) marks the beginning of the holiday shopping season in the United States. Holiday sales, typically defined as sales occurring in November and December, account for roughly 30 percent of annual sales for U.S. retailers (Holiday Forecasts and Historical Sales, 2015). For 2016, total online sales from November 10 to December 31 amounted to 91.7 billion dollars. And the top retailers for this period were eBay, Amazon, Walmart, and Target (Tasker, 2016). The growth in online sales appears inevitable, but how do the top shippers, UPS and FedEx, manage the sudden upsurge?

    Not always so well. In 2013, both FedEx and UPS underestimated holiday demand, and with bad weather conditions as well, struggled to deliver packages as promised. Since then, both carriers have worked hard to keep adequate resources available to handle the end-of-year upsurge. But in 2014, UPS overcompensated and had too much capacity, once again damaging profitability (Livengood, 2017).
    Matching retailer expectations to reality is a challenge, and not just for the shipping companies. Although retailers would prefer to know how much to expect in sales, forecasts will be inaccurate, sometimes wildly so. In preparing its forecast for the 2017 peak season, Logistics Management examined economic factors, such as GDP, job growth, retail sales, and inventory levels. It also looked at imports. An informal survey of logistical professionals found that 93.5 percent expect the 2017 season to be the same as 2016 (35.5 percent) or more active (58 percent) (Berman 2017).

    In June 2017, UPS announced that it would be adding a surcharge to some peak season rates. According to the UPS website, “During the 2016 holiday season, the company’s average daily volume exceeded 30 million packages on more than half of the available shipping days. In contrast, on an average non¬peak day, the company ships more than 19 million packages” (UPS Establishes New Peak Shipping Charge, 2017). The rate for the 2017 peak season would apply to select services and to oversize shipments, primarily (UPS Establishes New Peak Shipping Charge 2017). Analysts see the surcharge as a signal that UPS is the rate setter in parcel delivery. Such an assessment is not surprising given that the increase in parcel delivery as an outcome of increased e-commerce is seen as a core driver of earnings for UPS (Franck, 2017).

    Second-ranked FedEx, in contrast, announced that it would not follow suit but instead would “forgo most holiday surcharges on home deliveries this year” (Schlangenstein, 2017). The surcharges levied by UPS are aimed primarily at small shippers, not the larger contract shippers. By not adding a seasonal surcharge, FedEx might hope to capture sales from individuals and small businesses that are deterred by the UPS surcharge (Schlangenstein, 2017).

    Kevin Sterling, a Seaport Global Holdings analyst, believes that FedEx has the existing capacity to absorb additional ground shipments. “[FedEx is] going to let UPS be Scrooge at Christmas” (Schlangenstein, 2017). UPS already has a contract with Amazon, the de facto behemoth of online shopping, for normal shipping, leaving room for FedEx to pick up the slack during the holiday rush (Schlangenstein, 2017).

    In contrast, UPS reports that the additional charge is needed to offset the costs of additional resources necessary to achieve expected upsurges in capacity. UPS spokesperson Glenn Zaccara commented, “UPS’s peak season pricing positions the company to be appropriately compensated for the high value we provide at a time when the company must double daily delivery volume for six to seven consecutive weeks to meet customer demands” (Schlangenstein, 2017).

    With or without surcharges, price structures at both companies strive to discourage shipment of heavy, odd-sized, or oversized packages because such packages won’t flow through either company’s sorting systems and require special handling. All the same, FedEx has seen a 240 percent increase in such shipments over the last 10 years, which make up roughly 10 percent of all packages shipped using its ground services. And although FedEx is not adding a holiday surcharge, per se, it has added charges for packages that require extra handling, particularly shipments between November 20 through December 24 (Schlangenstein, 2017).

    And the global pandemic of 2020 didn’t help the situation. “Salesforce … says global digital orders continued to grow after Cyber Monday (Nov. 30), peaking to 71% growth year over year on Dec. 5 before slowing down on Dec. 7” (Evans, 2020). One logistics-saving innovation continued expansion during 2020 to help save valuable last-mile transportation resources: curb-side pickup. This ecommerce tool leverages on-line ordering with safe, social-distancing customer pickup. “Retailers with curbside pickup particularly benefitted, Salesforce adds. Digital sales Dec. 1–Dec. 14 grew 52% year over year for U.S. retailers that offered curbside, drive-thru and in-store pickup options” (Evans, 2020).

    Increased customer demand for holiday shipping created the perfect-storm, with the pandemic drastically hitting transportation supply at the same time. “Nearly 19,000 of the [United States Postal Service’s] 644,000 workers are under quarantine after testing positive for the virus or after a close exposure, according to the American Postal Workers Union” (Bogage

    By the end of the 1st century AH (early 8th century CE), Muslims were able to cross what came

    By the end of the 1st century AH (early 8th century CE), Muslims were able to cross what came to be known as the Strait of Gibraltar and conquer most of the Iberian Peninsula. This was the beginning of a Muslim presence in the Peninsula that would continue for more than seven centuries to come. With the fall of the Umayyad Dynasty and the rise of the ‘Abbasids in the Muslim East, however, Muslim Spain was separated politically from the rest the Muslim state. Later events in Muslim Spain mirrored at times events in other parts of the medieval Muslim world, but Muslim Spain had nevertheless its own distinctive character. Your extended essay needs to answer the following questions: To what extent did developments in Muslim Spain reflect what was going on in the rest of the Muslim world? What was distinctive about Muslim Spain, and why? Given that a central theme of this course is “the interface between unity, as an ideal religious aspiration, and diversity, as reflected in the actual historical experience of Muslim communities,” to what extent did events in Muslim Spain come close to either the “ideal religious aspiration” or the “actual historical experience” that the Course Descriiption mentions? When answering this question, do not limit yourself to political and military events, but try to explore political, social, and economic institutions, ideas, and trends as well. The length of the essay should be between 2000 and 2200 words. The essay should have a clear thesis and supporting arguments and evidence. You need to use at least five different sources, including books and academic articles. You can choose the format and citation system so long as these are followed consistently. The essay will be graded on the basis of the strength and persuasiveness of the argument , critical engagement with the sources, reflection of relevant class discussions, organization and coherence, clarity of ideas and expression.

    ** Please avoid repetition and irrelevant information. Also, please double-check if the sources used are academic articles or books. Lastly, please stick to the word limit (2200).

    read the following Data Analytics for Business case assigned for this Learning Module and please analyze and answer the Essay

    read the following Data Analytics for Business case assigned for this Learning Module and please analyze and answer the Assignment(s) requested in this Case Analysis.

    .

    Finally, please answer ALL Questions and Sections of this Data Analytics for Business Case with great detail AND STEP BY STEP being extremely methodical and accurate in your answers. It is extremely important that for each Question and Section, you write the entire question and you LABEL and/or PLACE the appropriate headings and subheadings clearly for EACH part of the question and/or section.

    .

    Please address, analyze, and discuss in great detail and thoroughly support and explain the what’s, how’s, and why’s of each of your answers.

    Jamie received 105 responses, which are given in the Excel file Drout Advertising Survey.

    Review the questionnaire and classify the data collected from each question as categorical, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

    Next, explain how the data and subsequent analysis using business analytics might lead to a better understanding of stereotype versus empowerment advertising. Specifically, state some of the key insights that you would hope to answer by analyzing the data.

    Use appropriate charts to visualize the data. Summarize the data using frequency distributions and histograms for numerical variables, cross-tabulations, and other appropriate applications of PivotTables to break down the data and develop useful insights.

    Summarize the results of each of the 3 articles provided (in EBP Part III) individually for comparison. You can

    Summarize the results of each of the 3 articles provided (in EBP Part III) individually for comparison. You can do this in any format you want (table, paragraph, etc.), but table format is often the most effective – this is your way of comparing the information from each of your articles. This should include the following information from each journal article:
    Is an orthosis recommended or not?
    What specific type of orthosis(es) is/are recommended? (You should be identifying the orthosis(es) appropriately – reference your textbooks/notes)
    If an orthosis is not recommended, what is recommended instead?
    What is the purpose/benefit of using this orthosis(es) in this study?
    Are there any negative effects from using the orthosis(es)? If so, identify them.
    How long will the patient need to use the orthosis(es)?
    Is there a specific wearing schedule identified?
    Were any precautions identified?

    Program Mission: “The Concordia University Ann Arbor Occupational Therapy Program prepares clinicians who are passionately committed to recognizing the

    Program Mission: “The Concordia University Ann Arbor Occupational Therapy Program prepares clinicians who are passionately committed to recognizing the dignity of all human beings through participation in valued occupations, resilient and creative problem solvers prepared to rise to the challenges of a changing world.” Prepare a program-specific essay describing your personal compatibility with the mission of our program and how that may support your future as an occupational therapist.

    health promotion video (speech) to raise awareness about physical inactivity and encourage behaviour change for health benefit using COM-B framework

    At the University of Manchester there is concern that students are too sedentary which could be harmful to their health and wellbeing. For some student’s physical inactivity may have increased due to social isolation, brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. For others, blended learning means more teaching is delivered online, therefore the amount of time being sat at a desk has increased. As you are a student undertaking a module in Public Health and Nutrition, the University would like you to create a health promotion video to raise awareness about physical inactivity and encourage behaviour change for health benefit.

    So in the speech you have to make a theory to how promote students to do more activities such as walking or cycling to the university instead of driving or using public transport and motivate them to use university gym or group sport clubs which uni gives discount to motivate students to attend. So basically you have to make a theory for uni students and using COM-B framework which includes students capacity, opportunity, motivation so these three aspects should be clear in the speech so please give examples of what can motivate uni students to be more active and what are the opportunities that are available in the university for students to be more active.

    It’s really important to use the COM-B framework so please let me know if you had any questions about the COM-B framework.

    multi threaded

    Write a multithreaded program that calculates various statistical values for a list
    of numbers. This program will be passed a series of numbers via either the command line or
    an array in the code. Once it receives those numbers, it will then create three separate
    worker threads. One thread will determine the average of the numbers, the second will
    determine the maximum value, and the third will determine the minimum value. For
    example, suppose your program is passed the integers: 12 75 30 91 49 52 76
    The program will report:
    The average value is 55
    The maximum value is 91
    The minimum value is 12
    The variables representing the average, maximum, and minimum values will be stored
    globally. The worker threads will set these values, and the parent thread will output the
    values once the workers have exited.

    Step Brothers Film Analysis Research Project

    INSTRUCTIONS

    Draft Outline – Based on the information you collected, draft an outline of your essay. You can use bulleted lists or tables to organize your ideas.
    Introduction – Grab the reader’s attention and provide an overview of the various sections of the essay.
    Analysis -Describe and analyze the group/team in the film or the organization. You can assess its members, formation, development, structure, communication, leadership, conflict, or culture.
    Identify and analyze a problem (e.g., the prevalence of occupational stress, mediocre performance, unmotivated employers, poor decisions, resistance to change) and why it happens (e.g., lack of training, lack of rewards). Include in-text citations.
    Application – Apply the principles of social psychology to explain the problem and identify potential solutions to address it. This includes strategies, techniques, tools, and tips you found in the literature. Include in-text citations.
    Critique – Critique the strengths and weaknesses of the film’s depiction of human behavior in social situations or the group’s/organization’s approach to the problem. Include in-text citations if applicable.
    Conclusion – End the essay with a summary of the main ideas of your essay and its significance to the reader.
    References List- Include your list of references with a list of at least 4 peer-reviewed sources that are formatted according to APA style. See the instructor’s feedback on the Week 2 project assignment.
    Find More Evidence – If one of your sources turns out to be irrelevant, gather more evidence by following the steps outlined in the Week 2 research project assignment.
    Format Outline – Make sure you follow APA’s writing guidelines. A guide to APA format can be found at http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx and https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/.
    Use your own ideas and avoid direct quotes.
    Show how you will incorporate at least 4 peer-reviewed sources.
    Include sufficient APA-style in-text citations.
    Include a list of at least 4 peer-reviewed sources using APA style.

    Please fill out the attached file. That is my outline for a film analysis and I need it done with the movie Step Brothers (2008) film.

  • Topic 1: Jerry is the warehouse manager for ABC School District; he wants an online inventory tracking system for Essay
    Topic 1: Jerry is the warehouse manager for ABC School District; he wants an online inventory tracking system for computers and other technology resources in the warehouse. List and discuss at least five questions you would ask Jerry and his staff as part of the review and analysis for the project. Include suggestions for how the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) could be applied to the review and implementation of the system to track financial data as well. Do not forget to note your source and in-text citation in APA format.
    *Do not forget to respond to the other topic this week.
    Topic 2: You are a consultant advising a firm on the design and implementation of a new system. Management has decided to let several employees go after the system is implemented. Some have many years of company service. How would you advise management to communicate this decision to the affected employees? To the entire staff? Are there any ethical concerns that the company should take into consideration? Do not forget to note your source and in-text citation in APA format.

    Regression Modeling Essay

    Purpose
    This assignment provides an opportunity to develop, evaluate, and apply bivariate and multivariate linear regression models.

    Resources: Microsoft Excel®, DAT565_v3_Wk5_Data_File

    Instructions:
    The Excel file for this assignment contains a database with information about the tax assessment value assigned to medical office buildings in a city. The following is a list of the variables in the database:
    FloorArea: square feet of floor space
    Offices: number of offices in the building
    Entrances: number of customer entrances
    Age: age of the building (years)
    AssessedValue: tax assessment value (thousands of dollars)

    Use the data to construct a model that predicts the tax assessment value assigned to medical office buildings with specific characteristics.

    Construct a scatter plot in Excel with FloorArea as the independent variable and AssessmentValue as the dependent variable. Insert the bivariate linear regression equation and r^2 in your graph. Do you observe a linear relationship between the 2 variables?
    Use Excel’s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis of FloorArea and AssessmentValue. Is FloorArea a significant predictor of AssessmentValue?
    Construct a scatter plot in Excel with Age as the independent variable and AssessmentValue as the dependent variable. Insert the bivariate linear regression equation and r^2 in your graph. Do you observe a linear relationship between the 2 variables?
    Use Excel’s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis of Age and Assessment Value. Is Age a significant predictor of AssessmentValue?

    Construct a multiple regression model.
    Use Excel’s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis with AssessmentValue as the dependent variable and FloorArea, Offices, Entrances, and Age as independent variables. What is the overall fit r^2? What is the adjusted r^2?
    Which predictors are considered significant if we work with ?=0.05? Which predictors can be eliminated?
    What is the final model if we only use FloorArea and Offices as predictors?
    Suppose our final model is:
    AssessedValue = 115.9 0.26 x FloorArea 78.34 x Offices
    What wouldbe the assessed value of a medical office building with a floor area of 3500 sq. ft., 2 offices, that was built 15 years ago? Is this assessed value consistent with what appears in the database?

    Every company wants to expand its operations and increase its revenue. A business plan with a five-year strategy to

    Accounting Assignment Help Every company wants to expand its operations and increase its revenue. A business plan with a five-year strategy to increase revenues is essential for a company to grow. Business plans have many components, and for this assessment, you will develop a business plan focused specifically on accounting and financial practices for growth.
    For this assignment, you will select a different company than in the prior assignments. You will develop a business plan for growth focused on accounting and financial practices to expand operations and increase revenue for your selected company. The plan will include a five-year strategy to increase revenues by 10%, and a recommendation for an organizational structure with mandates for effective corporate governance of internal controls, and practices for supporting an ethical environment. You will conduct research to identify industry best practices for strategies to increase financial performance and achieve the optimal position in the market while maintaining ethical financial practices. The plan will also integrate the relevant best practices as appropriate for the selected company.
    Instructions

    Write an 8–10 page paper in which you:
    Analyze a selected company, its operations, and its associated industry and evaluate these areas for development of a business plan for growth to increase revenues by 10% over the next five years with ethical financial practices.
    Recommend three or more well-defined improvements to corporate governance over the internal controls supported with examples of how the recommendations would impact the company’s financial statements.
    The recommendations could be for improvement of sales, justification of opening different markets, or enhancement of current operations.
    Recommend two or more improvements in ethical standards from an accounting perspective that are supported with examples of how the recommendations would impact the company’s financial statements.
    The recommendations could be for better financial control, reduction in the loss of product, or increase employee collaboration.
    Evaluate at least two industry financial best practices to increase financial performance, optimize market position, and maintain ethical practices currently not applied at the selected company to propose a method for the company to integrate the best practices with the least cost possible.
    Recommend at least two industry practices to apply within current operations of the selected company that will increase financial performance, optimize market position, and maintain ethical practices.
    Provide at least four reliable, relevant, peer-reviewed references, published within the last five years that support the paper’s claims.
    Write with accurate grammar, mechanics, and spelling in accordance with Strayer Writing Standards (SWS) style.
    This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
    The specific course learning outcome associated with this assessment is:
    Develop financial strategies for growth for a given company that integrate elements from current industry standards as appropriate to meet the company’s requirements.

    Seeing Green Define what the term “Green Computing” means, use articles like: Green Computing Just What is Green Computing Essay

    Seeing Green

    Define what the term “Green Computing” means, use articles like:

    Green Computing
    Just
    What is
    Green
    Computing

    to gather statistics, or develop a list of ways to practice green computing; now expand the discussion to determine if Green Computing is possible, if it can make a difference, or if it is a marketing term used by large organizations in today’s environmentally friendly society.

  • Week 2 Discussion Essay
    Please read chapters 3 an 4. Use the book provided only. Please do NOT use any other version of this book. It is important you use the one provided. Then, find two topics that were most interesting and write about them. Preferably one topic from each chapter. Then write why you found them interesting. Then provide YouTube links related to each of the topics/content you wrote about. The book provided will be the only source cited in the paper. The two YouTube links will be added to the reference page.

    Business types are generally classified as either service, merchandising, or manufacturing entities. Oftentimes, however, a business may be involved

    Business types are generally classified as either service, merchandising, or manufacturing entities. Oftentimes, however, a business may be involved in more than one endeavor such as providing a service and selling a product at the same time. As far as ownership, a business may be owned by one individual (proprietorship), by two or more persons (partnership), or by many investors (corporation).

    1. Assume that you want to start a business; what would it be? Describe the type of business you would like to start. Would it be classified as a service, a merchandiser, a manufacturer, or a hybrid (more than one) type of business? Conduct research as needed and explain your classification. What form of ownership would you prefer? Proprietorship, partnership, or corporation? If a corporation, what type of corporation? What factors would you consider in making your determination? Research the benefits and potential drawbacks of your chosen form of ownership beyond the information provided in the textbook.

    2. Additionally, list at least three asset accounts and three liability accounts you would expect your new business to have. Explain the purpose of each account to your specific business.

    3. Lastly, assume you were to invest $50,000 cash into your new business venture. Present the journal entry that would be created to record this transaction. Then, show how your ownership interest would be presented in the equity section of the business balance sheet.

    Writer’s Choice Essay

    Accounting Assignment Help You will need to review your financial
    institution’s Bank (in this case JP Morgan Chase) Holding Company Performance Report (BHCPR) or its UBPR and
    respond to the questions listed below.
    A) To access the BHCPR use the following steps:
    1) Click on this link: https://www.ffiec.gov/npw/Institution/TopHoldings
    2) Click on the name of your financial institution
    3) Click on Bank Holding Company Performance Report (BHCPR). Then select the
    9/30/21 report.
    The question:
    Liquidity comparison: compare and contrast the set of liquidity ratios for the peer group
    to your BHC’s/Bank’s ratios. Grade your BHC/Bank as being more liquid or having greater
    access to liquidity (1) or less liquid or having less access to liquidity (2) for each year.
    Which of these ratios for your BHC/Bank are stronger and which ratios are weaker?

    Requirements: Writing, using software, and interpreting results is a large part of your learning experience. These assignments are designed

    Requirements:
    Writing, using software, and interpreting results is a large part of your learning experience. These assignments are designed to improve your use of technology and communication skills. Using proper business English and resources from the library you will comment and share your research with your classmates. Make sure you note your source in proper APA format.
    Project Information:
    As a new employee a local accounting firm, your first client is the Orlando University Bookstore. Jack Stone, the manager, would like some advice on several aspects of the bookstore’s accounting information system.
    Week 1 Writing Assignment Part 1:
    Discuss the need for an AIS including the benefits to the bookstore.
    Week 1: Submit a 2 page report detailing the bookstore’s need for an AIS, the benefits of the system and how this data will be used to create financial reports.

  • Go to the data.gov site. Select any data set you find interesting to you on this site (be sure Essay
    Go to the data.gov site.
    Select any data set you find interesting to you on this site (be sure you are downloading the data and keep it for next week).
    Using Excel create a small pivot table to analyze the data you downloaded.
    Provide a short explanation of why you decided to use those fields in your pivot table, what conclusion you can make about the data from the pivot table, and the impact this analysis may have on decision making within the organization.
    Provide a copy of your pivot table for others to view.

    Prepaid expenses are normally created as a part of the purchasing process. Prepaid energy bills, insurance premiums, rent, and

    Prepaid expenses are normally created as a part of the purchasing process. Prepaid energy bills, insurance premiums, rent, and maintenance contracts are some of the transactions that result in prepaid expense account entries. Thinking about insurance, discuss the control activities, processes, and documentation that you would examine to determine the accuracy of the remaining prepaid account balance. Discuss at least two examples of those activities, processes, and documents and identify the one which you believe is the most reliable evidence to support the prepaid transactions. Provide an explanation of your choices

    I will upload Word file include everything you need for the requirement of the paper. Here are some of

    Accounting Assignment Help I will upload Word file include everything you need for the requirement of the paper. Here are some of them for you to review first.

    As a start to the Budget Report, in this module you will now finalize an organization you admire or are interested in as you will need to gather outside information for the Final Project Part II assignment. It will become a report of their financial analysis, budget process, and presentation of your findings.

    In this assignment, you will present a formal proposal on an organization of your choice which must address the following:
    • A summary of your organization
    • Organizational Chart (Cut, copy and paste if necessary; make sure to cite your source)
    • Organization mission statement importance
    • Budget outlook (Can be found on the 10-K see below)

    This report should be at least 2 pages in length of content and will be added to your module 15 budget report. Keep in mind this does not include the required title page, and reference page as your two content pages. Please submit a word document using, 12-point font, times new roman, double spaced, and at least in-text references for this assignment. This assignment requires APA format.

    If you are not familiar with in-text citations for APA format style, please go to the following website for more instructions:

    https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles/author-date

    This assignment also will be graded on content length, format, style, grammar, spelling, and syntax. Please review Front Range Community College’s plagiarism and academic honesty guidelines to avoid using others work without properly citing it.

    Resources:

    The following resource some of you may have covered in ACC 121 is the United States Securities and Exchange Commission report or EDGAR or 10-K report. This annual report gives investors a detailed picture of a company’s financial situation, and also can highlight future risks. Which may help many of you in determine financials needed from the organization of your choice.

    https://www.sec.gov/edgar/searchedgar/companysearch.html

    You can simply input the name of your organization in the search field and then open a 10-K report. Please look for the most recent filing to date which may be 1-2 years behind, and that is okay. Once open it will have a lot of information. For purposes of this assignment look for the financial section or use “CTRL (Control) F” based on keywords such as revenues, expenses, etc., and gather the information from the website.

    **As a reminder here is the reference in APA format for your paper and PowerPoint:

    SEC.gov | Company Search Page. (2020). Sec.gov. https://www.sec.gov/edgar/searchedgar/companysearch.html

    please I need summary for this articles and book chapter but it is summary for the information that is Essay

    please I need summary for this articles and book chapter but it is summary for the information that is mean you do not have to duplicate information. It is a summary of the most important information. If some information is not duplicated, you have to list the information under that one article/book chapter.

    Chapter 2.8 from the book

  • You are a tax partner in a regional CPA firm. One of your fellow partners requests you to assist
    You are a tax partner in a regional CPA firm. One of your fellow partners requests you to assist in a presentation to a new client, John Smith. John is a business executive with a scientific background, and is about to form a new business. John is a married taxpayer with three children, living in Pennsylvania. He is in the 37% federal marginal tax bracket. John has approximately $900,000 to invest in the new business. John plans to start a pharmaceutical consulting company. He has developed a business plan and has obtained available financing of $500,000 secured by his assets.

    The business will be located in New Jersey, Pennsylvania or Florida with ten -twelve employees initially. John projects a loss in the first year of operation of approximately $70,000 due to start up costs, including marketing and business development. He is interested in protecting his personal assets from the creditors of the business venture. John anticipates making $160,000 of fixed asset purchases during the first year of operation. Three of John’s friends, will join this business venture. Todd who is an attorney with a scientific background, living in Florida. Scott, who is an IT specialist, lives in California. Kate, who is a marketing/public relations and project manager, lives in Pennsylvania. Todd’s contributions to the business venture will his legal services, business advice, and cash of approximately $50,000. Scott will contribute $10,000 and his services. Kate will contribute $90,000 and her services to the business. Since the business is projected to be profitable and expand in year two, John may seek funding from outside investors for expansion in year three. He does not want a large number of investors.

    Requirements

    Please prepare a concise written report responding to the following questions:

    Based on the information above, what entity do you recommend for John in this situation- sole proprietorship, partnership, C Corporation, S corporation, or LLC? Why?
    John indicates that the employees will be able to work remotely during the first year of operations. Briefly discuss the state tax implications and differences of operating in New Jersey, Pennsylvania or Florida ?
    What other business and personal tax planning advice would you give John?

    The above essay will be evaluated based on your presentation and the level of knowledge for this course. Please list all citations. Suggested lenght 2-4 page

    For your initial Discussion post, describe at least two typical adjusting entries a service-type business would need to record

    For your initial Discussion post, describe at least two typical adjusting entries a service-type business would need to record to bring account balances up-to-date.

    For your examples, one of the adjusting entries should be an accrual and another a deferral. You may use similar examples as those in your textbook and you may also research other typical adjusting entries for service-type companies. Be sure to address the following questions:

    What are the purposes of each of your example adjusting entries?
    Why are these adjusting entries required?
    What if the company does not record these adjusting entries? Would financial statements be accurate? Why or why not?
    Should the adjusting entries described be posted to the general ledger before preparing an adjusted trial balance? Why or why not?
    Beyond the explanations above, post the actual adjusting entries (with accounts, debits and credits) for each of your examples.

    Business types are generally classified as either service, merchandising, or manufacturing entities. Oftentimes, however, a business may be involved

    Accounting Assignment Help Business types are generally classified as either service, merchandising, or manufacturing entities. Oftentimes, however, a business may be involved in more than one endeavor such as providing a service and selling a product at the same time. As far as ownership, a business may be owned by one individual (proprietorship), by two or more persons (partnership), or by many investors (corporation).

    Assume that you want to start a business; what would it be? Describe the type of business you would like to start. Would it be classified as a service, a merchandiser, a manufacturer, or a hybrid (more than one) type of business? Conduct research as needed and explain your classification. What form of ownership would you prefer? Proprietorship, partnership, or corporation? If a corporation, what type of corporation? What factors would you consider in making your determination? Research the benefits and potential drawbacks of your chosen form of ownership beyond the information provided in the textbook.
    Additionally, list at least three asset accounts and three liability accounts you would expect your new business to have. Explain the purpose of each account to your specific business.
    Lastly, assume you were to invest $50,000 cash into your new business venture. Present the journal entry that would be created to record this transaction. Then, show how your ownership interest would be presented in the equity section of the business balance sheet.
    Be sure to post at least one reference in support of your explanations and conclusions.

    Each week, you will be asked to respond to the prompt or prompts in the discussion forum. Your initial Essay

    Each week, you will be asked to respond to the prompt or prompts in the discussion forum. Your initial post should be 75-150 words in length, and is due on Sunday. By Tuesday, you should respond to two additional posts from your peers.

    Determining Benchmarks

    This week we covered Chapter 7, Budgeting and Chapter 8, Evaluating Variances from Standard Costs. Budgeting is used to project revenue and costs into the future, typically twelve months. Evaluating variances from standard costs is the process of evaluating performances against benchmarks serving as goals. From the company you used in Week 1, please speculate how benchmarks can be determined when evaluating variances from standard costs. Provide detailed examples and how you arrived at those examples.

    Please make an initial post and two replies to either your classmates or professor. The initial post must be at least 75 – 150 words with one external reference in APA format, while your replies must be at least 100 words.

  • 13. Strategic issues for MNCs…from the list below research your MNC and write one paragraph on each of the
    13. Strategic issues for MNCs…from the list below research your MNC and write one paragraph on each of the three topics explaining how the MNC handles these issues.

    Performance Evaluation Measures
    o Financial and Non-Financial Evaluation – how does your MNC regard its foreign operation
    and how are the unit and the managers evaluated

    Management Control Systems and National Cultures
    o What steps, if any, is your MNC taking to be sensitive to the national culture.

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
    o What is your MNC doing with regard to CSR?

    Environmental Social

    To “close the books” for the year, review Principles of Accounting, Volume 1: Financial Accounting, Chapter 4, The Adjustment

    To “close the books” for the year, review Principles of Accounting, Volume 1: Financial Accounting, Chapter 4, The Adjustment Process. Specifically, refer to the 10-column worksheet on p. 248 for the conceptual layout.

    Prepare the adjusting and closing entries for 2021 based on the budgeted income statement and Cash budget from prior week.

    Unit 7 research paper

    Accounting Assignment Help See all attachments!! Final Research Paper

    Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and VI. In addition, you will add a new section that comprises content you have learned in this unit.
    First, combine Parts I-III of your paper. Be sure to make any changes necessary based on feedback you have received. Make sure that you include an introduction and transitions so that these three parts read as one cohesive document.
    Then, you will need to examine your firm’s working capital management. Look at the firm’s annual report and answer the following questions:
    What is the firm’s cash position? Does the firm reflect positive cash balances for the last three years?
    What methods does the firm use to ensure and maintain positive cash flows?
    What methods of short-term financing does the firm use?
    Conclude your paper with a final recommendation about whether or not this company would be a good investment for potential investors. Your finished paper must be a minimum of seven pages long, and you must use at least five sources (most of which were likely used in other units). At least one source must come from the CSU Online Library. Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment.

    Topic 1: This week we are introduced to data analytics in accounting. Find an article in the KU Library Essay

    Topic 1:
    This week we are introduced to data analytics in accounting.
    Find an article in the KU Library that discusses the role and need for data analytics in various areas of accounting.
    Identify and discuss at least 3 reasons why data analytics is an important area of study for future accountants to help improve business operations.
    Do not forget to note your source and in-text citation in APA format.

    *Do not forget to respond to the other topic this week.
    Topic 2:

    Watch Video
    Ethical Insights: Big Data and Privacy, Navigating Benefits, Risks and Ethical Boundaries
    Duration: 10:53
    User: n/a – Added: 11/4/14
    YouTube URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJmqiwNjfMI

    Review the video above titled: Ethical Insights: Big Data and Privacy, Navigating Benefits, Risks and Ethical Boundaries
    Using the KU Library in addition to the video, discuss the ethical issues you think big data will have on the accounting profession as you look at the benefits or risks associated with using the data collected.
    Do not forget to note your source and in-text citation in APA format.

  • This assignment has two parts. I have uploaded instructions labeled as Part 1 and the other labeled as Part
    This assignment has two parts. I have uploaded instructions labeled as Part 1 and the other labeled as Part 2. Please complete both parts! I have attached reading material Chapter 1.
    Part 1 will need to use this link “https://www.fasb.org/home” to complete the assignment,
    Part 2 will need to use this link “https://www.gapinc.com/en-us/” to complete the assignment.
    Please let me know if you have any questions.

    Please do not take this project on unless all sets are done correctly. Please write the Main Discussion Board Essay

    Please do not take this project on unless all sets are done correctly. Please write the Main Discussion Board in about 200 words. I will attach the instructions for this called “Main DB instructions.” Please separate all questions. Once I submit the main DB, I will upload two students’ posts to which you will need to reply with two sentences. This should total 275 words. Please do not write over 200 words on the main DB because I will not pay for another page for the full project to be completed. If you have any questions, please let me know. Chapter 1 is attached please include one source from the book. Spiceland, D., Nelson, M., Thomas, W.,

    You can use any of the references from weeks 1-8 in our classroom including discussion postings and the links

    Accounting Assignment Help You can use any of the references from weeks 1-8 in our classroom including discussion postings and the links to the COSO internal control and ERM materials. The responses must be in your own words. I do not expect citations. You are not allowed to use other sources or discuss the exam with other students. You must submit your responses in a Word document. All five questions are worth 20 points each.

    1) Internal auditing is going to be performing an assurance engagement dealing with controls over production, shipping, and inventory. Some of the items to be covered in the engagement include:

    • Determine if there is an issue with excess, obsolete or unsaleable inventory.
    • Determine if there have been issues with accuracy of the inventory quantities in the computer system
    • Determine if there are issues with late shipments or errors in what material is being shipped to customers.
    • Determine if there are material issues with the quality of the company’s finished products.
    For each item, select the two best tests in the reading Audit Test Type Guide which in your judgment are the most appropriate to gather the required evidence. Briefly explain why you selected each test. Briefly describe what evidence you are trying to obtain from each test. For your response, you can create a chart.

    2) Go to the accounts receivable/collections audit program at the bottom of this document.

    In three different sections of the audit program, identify one step where audit software can be used to perform testing. You must clear indicate the step for each example. Explain how the audit software can be used to perform these steps (i.e., the basic logic each query or program would use).

    Here is a helpful hint on how to go about responding to this question. I am going to use accounts payable as an example. Let’s say the audit step is to test to see if any employees are also set up in the A/P vendor master. One approach is to match the vendor master file to the employee master file based on street address, city, and state. Any matches would be investigated. (FYI- If the two files do not use the same conventions for street address, city, and state, then some data transformation would be needed to make the query work correctly.)

    3) Management is considering outsourcing manufacturing of a portable MRI machine to a vendor in Mexico. This product has only been on the market for two years. In that time, it has been a commercial success in North America and Asia. The company has a patent on this product and is currently the only company selling a portable MRI machine. The U.S. plant where the product is currently being made is not being closed. It will continue to be used to manufacture other products. The Mexican company being considered does manufacturing for other large U.S. medical device companies such as Medtronic and Boston Scientific.

    • What are the most significant risks?
    • What key controls need to be in place?
    • What role can internal auditing play in assisting management both prior to signing the outsourcing contract and after the process has been outsourced?

    4) Richard Feynman is one of the most brilliant physicists of all time. He was a member of the commission investigating the Challenger space shuttle disaster. What are three lessons for internal auditors regarding management of risk that you can learn from reading his appendix to the main report? http://history.nasa.gov/rogersrep/v2appf.htm. Be specific. I want lessons that can be applied to internal audits outside of NASA. I recommend not referring to any of the week 2 discussion postings. Start from scratch.

    5) ABC’s capital-asset procurement policy requires the Board of CAEs (BOD) approve any single acquisition over $150,000. If the board approves a project, then the treasurer will transfer the funds to the respective plant. Within one year, the internal auditing function is charged with reviewing each acquisition to check the propriety of the purchase and disbursal of funds.

    ABC’s Plant Controller prepared the first proposal for a DEK cutting machine. Other plants were told to wait until internal auditing could inspect the documentation associated with the acquisition and evaluate the project’s operating effectiveness and efficiency. The plant’s proposal was the second largest proposal ever submitted in the company’s history and it totaled $1.3 million dollars. The cost of the new machine by itself was listed in the proposal at $1.1 million. Labor and other costs necessary to remove the old machine and install the new machine totaled $200,000.

    The internal auditor assigned to the investigation was Phil Ramone. Phil had been with ABC four years performing mostly production operational audits (on existing processes) and internal control payroll audits. Phil’s considerable experience in these areas led him to believe that the procedures associated with this capital-asset audit would be as simple and routine. This was not Phil’s first visit to the plant. In fact, Phil had performed an audit on the plant’s payroll system only a year ago. Phil’s recollection of the experience was not a pleasant one. He had several confrontations with the plant controller, mostly as a result of personality clashes. While all the payroll issues were easily resolved, Phil felt there was still an adversarial relationship between him and the controller and was on guard for any preemptive strikes this time around by the controller.

    It was a long drive to the plant so when Phil arrived a little late the day of his audit he was greeted by the controller with a perceived air of indifference and promptly led to a secluded office. The controller calmly explained that he was extremely busy and would answer any questions at the end of the day. Phil merely nodded his head and sat down in front of several tall piles of invoices, which the controller stated was the documentation supporting the purchase, set up, and testing of the new machine. Phil was somewhat surprised, fully expecting to see only a handful of invoices, but did not ask for any explanations. As Phil began looking through the myriad of statements and canceled checks, he soon found one invoice near the top of the first pile that indicated the actual price paid for the machine itself was only $850,000.

    Phil’s first reaction was to call the CAE of auditing. When he found that the CAE was out for the day and could not be reached, he then decided to call the VP of Operations at corporate headquarters. Phil was critical of the plant controller when describing the seriousness of his suspicions based on this preliminary information. Phil didn’t know that there was a BOD meeting that day and that the news would be passed on to them. The members of the Board were outraged, screaming over the alleged misuse of the funds and possible fraud.

    Phil was unaware that in a private conference call the Chair of the Board of CAEs would soon lambast the plant controller. Seconds after the call, the controller walked up to Phil and had only two words to say – “get out.” Phil was flabbergasted; he called back to headquarters, only to receive a rather icy response from the Chair of the BOD’s secretary suggesting that he return immediately.

    Three days later Phil was called in to the CAE’s office. The CAE described how he personally went to the plant the next day after Phil’s visit and performed the capital-asset audit himself. The CAE found that there were a number of reasonable explanations for the differences between the original proposal and the actual expenditure. To begin with, the company that sold the machine would not discount the price until the BOD approved the contract. Competing bids drove the cost of the machine from $1.1 million to $850,000. However, there were several factors that offset these savings.

    Originally, the setup of the new machine was projected to take a week and a half but ended up taking a month. No one really knew how difficult it was going to be to remove the old machine that was embedded in the concrete floor (to minimize vibration). This removal took additional time and outside labor. Also, the new machine was to be put in the same area where the old machine was located. Since the plant could not afford to shut down for any extended length of time, the old machine was moved over the Thanksgiving Day holiday when labor rates were doubled. In addition, while the new machine was being tested, the old machine had to be kept running in its temporary location. During the time that both machines were running, machine operators and supporting personnel (e.g., those loading and unloading the conveyors) worked double shifts in order to test the new machine. This parallel process took longer than expected because the plant engineers were not familiar enough with the new machine to deal with minor problems. Also, special outside consultants were hired for the first two weeks to set up the machine.

    Another unexpected cost arose because the new machine put out a greater number of larger pieces of wood requiring required an additional conveyor belt to accept and carry the larger pieces. The savings from the discount was used to purchase this necessary piece of equipment. In sum, all of these additional and unexpected outlays were very expensive and brought the total to just under the original proposed cost of $1.1 million.

    The CAE went on to explain to Phil that the reason for the abnormally large number of invoices was an endless stream of trips to the local electrical and hardware stores to buy the necessary parts and supplies to keep the transition from the old to the new machine moving smoothly. As it turned out, the Controller of the plant actually did a commendable job in overseeing the project and keeping accurate records of the disbursements. In fact, the controller created a specialized installation guide that will probably save ABC hundreds of thousands of dollars when the remaining plants order more of these machines.

    Auditing and Assurance – Week 4 Midterm Midterm Please write a four to five page paper regarding the four Essay

    Auditing and Assurance – Week 4 Midterm
    Midterm

    Please write a four to five page paper regarding the four types of audit opinion:
    1. Unqualified Opinion
    2. Qualified Opinion
    3. Adverse Opinion
    4. Disclaimer Opinion.
    Include the following:
    • Describe the scenarios under which each of these audit opinions
    • How do investors react to these different audit opinions?
    o Provide examples of real organizations for each of these opinions
    • What are the consequences or benefits an organization may encounter as a result of each of these opinions
    o Provide examples of real organizations for each of these opinions

    Please provide at least five outside resources used to write the paper. These sources should cited using the APA formatting guidelines including in-text citations provided throughout the paper where information is taken from these resources.

    View your assignment rubric.