When Maya Angelou talks about a ‘caged bird’, she meant a black person in those times. Slavery had been abolished a few generations back, but black people were still widely discriminated. A black person never had the sense of freedom a white person had. Maya Angelou believed in this freedom for everyone, as did some others, as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King. She was calling out to other black people, she was “singing” for freedom, as a caged bird that longs to escape, even though he seemingly can’t- ‘his wings are clipped and his feet are tied’.
So, the caged bird ‘opens his throat to sing’. In this poem, Angelou makes a contrast between the free bird, a white man, and a caged bird- a black man. She uses lots of personification in her descriptions of each bird, to make it clear that she is actually talking about humans. The free bird in her poem ‘leaps’, ‘dips his wing’, and ‘dares to claim the sky’. These are all heroic and beautiful descriptions of the free bird. The caged bird ‘stalks’, ‘seldom sees through his bars of rage’ and ‘his wings are clipped and his feet are tied’ so he ‘opens his throat to sing’.
The picture of the caged bird is a gloomy and nasty one- it ‘stalks’, meaning an awkward, stiff long step. Words as ‘narrow cage’ and ‘bars of rage’ create a disturbing effect. These bars of rage symbolize the terror, fear and anger of the black people in Angelou’s time. The clipped wings and tied feet are to show that the bird is powerless; it can do nothing to resist. This gloomy effect is carried on in the fifth stanza, when the poem states that a black man’s dreams are suppressed and die out- ‘a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams’.
Another gloomy choice of words is ‘shouts on a nightmare scream’. A stanza that is to be noted is the third, and it is also repeated at the end of the poem. This is Angelou’s vision. In the poem, the caged bird sings ‘of things unknown but longed for still’ and his ‘tune is heard over the distant hill, for the caged bird sings of freedom’. The black man is inferior, but he dreams, and he must persevere, but he will succeed, because the black man dreams of freedom, and freedom is a right, it cannot be suppressed. “Song to the Men of England” is set a little earlier and obviously in England.
Percy Bysshe Shelley was a Romantic poet, and in this poem, it seems clear he calls out to the workers in England, to rebel against oppression by the aristocrats. He seems to be on their side. But when one takes a deeper look, it becomes clear the poem is slightly controversial. Shelley starts the poem off with the repeated use of wherefore- ‘Wherefore plough for the lords who lay ye low’ and ‘Wherefore weave with toil and care the rich robes your tyrants wear’. This word slows down each line, thereby creating a romantic, soft feel at the start of the poem.
This continues, and when the poet states that the masters of the workers are ‘ungrateful drones’, meaning lazy, idle male honey-bees, this is encouraging and in support of the workers. But then, in the eighth line of the poem, the tone changes suddenly- the tone is now angry- ‘Drain your sweat, nay drink your blood? ’ This is comparing the lords to mythical bloodthirsty creatures, such as vampires? The alliteration of the words ‘drain’ and ‘drink’ with the heavy ‘dr’-sound mirrors the hard work endured by the men. From ridiculing them, Shelley now says that they are all-powerful and violent animals.
This contrast continues throughout the poem- the lords change from mighty ‘tyrants’ to ‘stingless drones’ and ‘idle’. I think the poet does this to show two possibilities- either the workers rebel against tyranny, or they continue working for nothing. This second possibility is portrayed in the final two stanzas, when the author says if the Men of England are not going to rebel, they might just as well ‘shrink to their cellars, holes and cells’, and ‘With plough and spade, and hoe and loom, trace your grave and build your tomb. Especially this last sentence is very morbid and disturbing. The heavy chopping effect is a vivid contrast after the gentle flow of the first stanzas. The last line ‘till fair England be your sepulchre’ leaves the reader almost feeling guilty about letting England fall dead, be entombed. Social injustice is very vividly portrayed in these two poems, often using symbolism. It is a clear example of how poets rebelled or inspired others to do so against their situation.
Racism in the Media in the United States get essay help: get essay help
In this research paper you will identify a social problem/issue related to contemporary racial and ethnic inequality in the United States and research all that you can about that problem. You will explore in your paper: What is the problem/issue? How is the problem defined from a sociological perspective (meaning, what are the social and cultural causes of the problem)? How do you know it’s a problem? What is the evidence? What racialized/ethnic/underrepresented group(s) is/are impacted?
How are they impacted? How does the problem relate to Beverly Daniel Tatum’s definition of racism, particularly in relation to institutional policies and practices? What institutions are involved? Use the “Four themes of institutional racism” to help you evaluate how institutions perpetuate the problem. Be sure to discuss the historical processes within the relevant institutions that have led up to the contemporary conditions. How are cultural messages relevant to the problem?
How is privilege relevant to the problem? Be sure to integrate sociological concepts from the course and define and cite terms you use. Write in essay form – e. g. , don’t just answer the above questions – arrange your essay such that the above questions are answered, but don’t just list the answers out 1, 2, etc. Minimum references required: Two books and two scholarly journals. Be sure to ask me if you have questions about what “scholarly” means.
You may use additional sources, but it would be best to ask me also about the quality and reliability of the sources. Cite references and include a “References” section at end of paper (not included in page number requirement (see ASA format) Format: 4-6 full pages, double-spaced, 1 inch margins, 10-12 point Times New Roman or Arial font (or something comparable) Your grade (out of 200 points) will be based on how well you: -define and explain the problem from a sociological perspective (and show how group(s) are impacted).
The Mans Yard You Should Not Hit Your Ball my essay help uk: my essay help uk
From the minute I read the title of today’s poem, I knew I was going to enjoy it. I chose this poem because the title reminded me of a very familiar childhood movie, The Sandlot; because of this I thought I could interpret it the best out of all of them. This poem is unique in that the title is actually the first two lines of the poem. Right from the start the title says a lot. The title is very direct in the way it leads into the poem. Readers don’t have to guess what this poem is going to be about.
Also, almost everyone that has lived in some kind of neighborhood can relate to it. Anyone that has had a mean neighbor can in some way share this type of experience. Or maybe it’s just a memory of that one house everyone knew you cannot go around or into; parents are always telling their children to stay away. The image that almost immediately popped into my head was The Sandlot. The next image that came to mind from the poem was when Lux says “and mowed his lawn, his dry quarter-acre, the machine slicing a wisp from each blades tip. The lines use a lot of imagery to create a scene for the reader. The line depicts him mowing the lawn every day. It suggests that he lives a very meticulous or tedious and planned lifestyle. He mows everyday at six o’clock no matter if it’s spring, summer, or fall. This leads me to believe that this man is a man of habit. Lux also says if he could, he would mow the snow. The poem shifts somewhat and depicts him as being somewhat uptight and miserable, living this same kind of boring or depressed lifestyle day after day. The poem then goes on to describe his wife.
Lux claims she is like “shoebox paper”. She is brittle and very easy to break. He states that she is fragile, that she is like a “broken apron. ” The line suggests that in some way he “broke” her or seriously hurt her leading into the next line, “As if into her head he drove a wedge of shale. ” It soon after mentions his daughter, “Years later, his daughter goes to jail. ” This line adds to the overall mood of the poem. The reader can feel some kind of empathy for the character in this poem because of his life and relationships.
Lux then talks about how the pasture between his house and the old man’s house was a “Field of fly balls, the best part of childhood and baseball” where the main character would go to hit, and if one crossed the line into his yard it became what Lux calls ‘coleslaw’. “His mower ate it up, Happy to cut something no matter what the manual said about foreign objects, stones, or sticks. ” The main character gladly ran over and destroyed the baseball with his mower, whenever they would trespass onto his lawn.
Consumer Spending in Asia narrative essay help: narrative essay help
Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Interestingly the countries which fall under Asia vary in size, environment, historical ties and governance systems. Thus the wealth of these countries differs quite drastically. For example in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP (“the market value of all the goods and services produced by labour and property located in a country” (About. com 2009)), Japan has the largest economy on the continent.
In fact measured in terms of GDP Japan has the second largest economy in the world (Wikipedia 2009). Yet this is a far cry from other Asian countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh, where the annual turnover of some large Multinationals exceeds the national GDP. Unfortunately despite the fact that Asia accounts for roughly 60% of the worlds population (wikipedia 2009), it has been overshadowed (in economic terms) by the shear might and power of the western economies, namely America.
However in a bizarre twist of fate, sparked by the now infamous credit crunch, which has had a devastating effect on the once robust economies of the West, many are now asking the question, can Asians replace Americans as a driver of global growth? (Economist June 2009). These Asian countries or economies are often referred to as the ‘Emerging Markets’. This definition is often widely used and loosely defined. The term ‘Emerging Markets’ was first coined by by Antoine W. Van Agtmael of the IFC (International Finance Corporation) of the World Bank in 1981 (Heakal 2009).
It is used to describe fast growing economies, which have embarked on economic development and reform programs (Heakal 2009). Thus they are considered to be transitional economies, as they are moving from a closed economy to an open economy, whilst importantly building accountability within the system (Heakal 2009). China and India are examples of two prominent ‘Emerging Market’ Countries. Gone are the days these economies were ignored. The growing economic strength of these countries, one could go as far as to say may be seen as a threat to current international business.
China and India use their generating wealth to actively compete with the West (Ashburton, 2006). For example, the take-over of Corus Steel by the Indian company, Tata made it the largest Indian take-over of a foreign company and the world’s fifth largest steel firm (BBC News, 2006). Another example is of the Indian company Taj Hotels positioning itself as a global player as succeeding Four Seasons Hotels in operating as a New York City landmark. As many multinationals face domestic market saturation (Fenwick, 2001) they could undoubtedly benefit from accessing these huge markets.
The purchasing power of China is greater than that of any other country in Asia, and the second largest in the world (Wikipedia 2009). However the economies of these ‘Emerging Market’ countries vary considerably from the west in terms of culture and it has been argued that unlike countries in the West, individuals have a tendency to save rather than spend, thus have large current account surpluses. However the statistics tell a rather different story. ‘In China, India and Indonesia spending has increased by annual rates of more than 5% during the global downturn.
China’s retail sales have soared by 15% over the past year’ (Economist 2009) . These are phenomenal numbers. This includes government spending thus does overstate the numbers, however according to official household surveys, the percentage increase is in fact more in the region of 9%. This is highly impressive in comparison to the downturn in the west. Sales of cars have increased by a staggering 47%, clothes 22% and sales of electronics have increased by 12%. Ironically while car sales were up in Asia, the American taxpayers had to bail out the once massive Ford.
However its not good news across all of Asia, spending has suffered as a result of increased levels of unemployment and lower wages in countries such as Hong Kong, South Korea, and Singapore. In these countries real consumer spending was 4-5%. Yet there are positive signs in countries such as Taiwan, where retail spending rose in May for the third consecutive month, that spending is beginning to increase. The fact remains, relative to American consumer spending, Asian consumer spending has soared (Economist 2009).
However despite the strong growth and purchasing power of China, the fact remains that in dollar terms China’s population spend 1/6th of that in America. This explains in part why the Chinese Government have taken such bold steps to boost consumption. For example they have made it easier to borrow, as well as issuing a number of subsidies for villagers, enabling them to buy vehicles and electronic goods such as TV’s, computers and mobile phones. This is a Government who wants its people to dig deep into their wallets and spend. Furthermore there are sufficient grounds for a positive outlook for the future.
As incomes rise, this will no doubt have a positive effect on future sales. At the moment, only 30% of rural households own a refrigerator (compared with urban households). If the hopes of the governments in Asia are to be met, and consumer spending is to continue to soar, the answer lies in financing. The developed countries have a household debt to GDP ratio of around 100%, this is significantly higher than that of most Asian economies whose household debt is less than 50% of GDP. In particular in China and India, this is even lower at 15%.
Interestingly the one exception to this is South Korea, where households have as much debt relative to their income as Americans. It seems the Chinese Government have plans in progress to tackle this. As in May this year the Chinese Bank, began planning legislation which will allow foreign institutions to set up consumer-finance firms, which will allow loans for consumer-goods purchases. However perhaps the biggest question is whether these governments will allow their exchange rates to rise, to allow the shift of balance between growth from exports to domestic spending.
The rise in exchange rate would increase consumer’s real purchasing power and arguably more importantly give companies a reason to start producing goods for the domestic market. Unfortunately these governments have been reluctant to allow currencies rise too fast. Asian spending is without a doubt an important part of global growth. Surprisingly prior to the financial crisis which has hit the west, Emerging Asia’s consumer spending contributed slightly more (in absolute dollar terms) to the growth in global demand than did America’s (Economist 2009).
For a long time Globalisation and free markets, have been blamed for widening the gap between the rich and the poor. It has been argued markets create the ‘Progressive exclusion of the poor’ (Patnaik 2003 p. 62). Indeed there has been much research which has reached the conclusion capitalisation has been ‘dominated by uneven development, in which divergence is the rule and convergence the exception’ (Weeks 2001 p. 28). Perhaps, and it is a big stretch at the moment, the latest developments indicate a shift to the once overlooked.
However this pessimist cant help but feel, that these Emerging Market economies are far away from truly enjoying the fruits of their labour, and perhaps even much worse, they have only been given a taster, to something which will avail them until their governments wake up to the fact that rather than subsidising western consumers through undervalued currencies, they need to revalue the currencies.
Business Decision Models Assignment college essay help near me: college essay help near me
With this new requirement of shoe stores equally jewelry stores, a number of results will change in our solution. The additional constraint you need to add is that shoe stores equals jewelry stores. The new optimal solution is the following; two shoe stores, two jewelry stores, three department stores, two bookstores and two clothing stores. This total space will equal 9900 square feet and the total profit is $1,390,000. This would decrease the total profit by $20,000 if this additional constraint were added to the problem. c Let J = the number of jewelry stores in the mall, where J is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let S = the number of shoe stores in the mall, where S is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let D = the number of department stores in the mall, where D is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let B = the number of bookstores in the mall, where B is required to be a whole number between 0 and 3. Let C = the number of clothing stores in the mall, where C is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3.
It would be difficult to formulate the profit maximization from this model because the profit for the stores depends on the amount of stores there are. In this model it is difficult to formulate a way to have different profit amounts for different decision variables. If J=1 it would have a different profit than J=2, as it is simply not multiplied by 2, but it is a different amount. J=1 would be 90, but J=2 would be 160. This makes it difficult to formulate the solution using this model. 2a
Let J1 = 1 if one jewelry store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let J2= 1 if two jewelry stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let j3= 1 if three jewelry stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S1= 1 if one shoe store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S2= 1 if two shoe stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S3= 1 if three shoe stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let D1= 1 if one department store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let D2= 1 if two department stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise
Let D3= 1 if three department stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B0= 1 if zero bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B1= 1 if one bookstore is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B2= 1 if two bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B3= 1 if three bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C1= 1 if one clothing store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C2= 1 if two clothing stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C3= 1 if three clothing stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise
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