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Conflict Between Research and Ethics college essay help online

There are many different kinds of medical research performed. Some research may be performed on humans and some on animals. The research can consist of finding a cure for a disease to trying to figure out how to prevent the disease. One particular study was the Willowbrook State School study where they intentionally injected children with hepatitis. The study itself caused a lot of controversy.

While the study caused a lot of controversy it opened up the eyes of individuals so that they could see that individuals with mental and physical disabilities have rights to. At the Willowbrook State School where and study of hepatitis was performed on mentally and physically disabled children there was no consent from either the children or the guardian. The hospital figured that the patients were getting infected anyways so let’s just inject the patients with the disease and the disease can be monitored under controlled research conditions.

Once controversy arose about the research Willowbrook closed its doors to new patients. The research team had their own wing of the hospital so they were still accepting new patient under one condition: the parents had to sign a consent form for their children to be injected with the virus. Most of the time parents had no choice but to agree because they had no means of taking care of their children. Willowbrook State School tried to say that the experiment would benefit the patients because they would be injected with the disease under close supervision.

But all in all the study did not benefit The Willowbrook State School hepatitis study did not have any benefits to the society ethically. The only way society was benefitted is because now society is more aware of the ethics and laws for vulnerable patients. The study caused a public out poor which got government involved. Once the government was involved laws were established and changed as well. One of the advantages that could have came from the study if it was done ethically and or correct is the patient can have access to treatments that are not available to the public.

Some more advantage is the patient will receive medical care free of charge, and the patient would be monitored more than normal that. Some of the disadvantages could be that the individual would have to have some special time set aside for the research. Some other disadvantages maybe the patient cannot use current medications for other illnesses, a patient current social/private life may be affected including but not limited to sexual activity, reproductive, and social drinking.

Another disadvantage may be the patient may not eligible for insurance coverage on the job because of the study they are in. The benefits the hepatitis study had to medical professionals was for the study to give them an understanding of the history of infectious hepatitis. The study also provided the medical professionals with understanding of how gamma globulin either prevented the disease or help battle the disease. There were no benefits from the study because the study was done unethically and had many other issues.

The good thing out of this particular study is that the Willowbrook State School was eventually closed because of their unethically behavior. The responsibility of management during a medical research study (which is more than likely the physician) is to educate the patients about the scientific goals, the potential risks, the possible benefits of the study, and the alternatives to not participating as well as a reassurance that their refusal to participate will not affect their care.

The manager has to be able to tell the patient what is really important and what is likely to happen. The potential role of the institutional compliance committee is to have knowledge of regulation and ethics first and foremost. The institutional compliance committee is to also have knowledge of the science of the study, knowledge of the procedures that require special skill, licensure, and accreditation for the study. The committee should also be aware of the facilities and equipment where the study is to be held.

The committee should most importantly have moral character and put human rights, welfare and safety first. If I was in the position of power at the Willowbrook State School I would have had a better handle on things first of all. The physicians wanting to do any kind of study would have had to submit paperwork explaining the study. The physicians would not have been able to start the study until it was properly researched. When I say properly researched I mean all of the pros and cons and the strengths and weaknesses of the study was reviewed.

Then if the study was approved the physician would have had to get the proper consent from either the guardian of the child or the parent. The physicians would had to give a seminar explain the experiment in full detail to the parents and guardians. The physicians would have also had to turn in weekly reports of how the study was coming along. One of the ethical dilemmas of the Willowbrook State School study was the fact that they were giving mentally disabled patient the hepatitis virus without consent.

Another ethical dilemma was the fact that the school was basically not giving parents that really needed there help and option on if they wanted their child to be injected or not. It is very important during medical research to have ethical principles. It is very important to respect the patient, improve the wellbeing of patients while doing no harm while do so, it is also important to weigh the risk versus the benefits of the research, it is also important not to inflict harm and not to refuse aid, it is also important to fairly distribute the burdens and benefits of the research.

None of this was done during the Willowbrook State School study. A perfect scenario for conflicts between research and ethics: is that more than likely the researcher is the doctor and the doctors role is to take care of the patient whereas the researcher role is to do the research no matter if the procedure works or not. By the doctor being in the position of the researcher it is up there ethics f they would have a patient take part in a study and they know the current medication they are on is working just fine.

Professional Integrity Elements essay help online: essay help online

The Top Ten Academic & Professional Integrity Elements As a student at American InterContinental University we all have a certain code we must follow. Being a professional student, my duty is to abide by the rules of honesty set by the college to be professional at all I do. The code of honesty set by the college states, “that I pledge that all test taken and work submitted by me will be my original own ideas and of my own efforts. ” (Student Handbook, 2011) Showing honesty in any professional environment will bring great rewards for all who abide by the rules.Professional and academic integrity involves everyone taking responsibility for their conduct and competence. Accepting responsibility means taking care of the things that matter most to you.

It also means that even though one’s responsibilities may often change due to financial strains or any other changes at home; you are taking care of your business. When dealing with my ethics and integrity the top ten academic and professional elements that are most important to me are as follows: * Plagiarism which deals with purchasing papers or reusing a classmate’s paper as your own.It does not matter if the paper is purchased from online or from someone else; it is dishonest and considered plagiarizing. One should not purchase papers and pass it off as their own. Even though we change a few words, change the title of the paper or other sections of the paper it is still wrong and dishonest. Having your own ideas and thoughts says a great deal about the person writing the assignment. * Acquiring more skill sets to better able to support myself.

In this case, it means continuing my education. Mastering more skills will benefit any employer and oneself.Working hard and building up more skills will land the job or position that I wish to obtain to turn into my career. * Have the trust and confidence in using good judgment regarding all ethical practices set in order to maintain my high standards. Maintaining a good grade point average is of importance to me. If I fail I am the one to blame for my own misfortunes, not the teacher or any other professional at the school, especially not the family you have at home. * Providing critique of someone’s work and using inappropriate language in the discussion board area.

When completing my assignments or other work I put myself into the writer’s shoes and try to see it from their point of view. Everyone has a right to their own opinion no matter what the topic is. When critiquing someone’s work one should be nice and courteous. So as not to offend or disrespect them, maintain your honesty and be a professional about what you’re trying to say. For example, you may want to say, “With no disrespect” or one could have their own thought. * Working on group projects within a team and failure to stand by the commitment to them is considered to be offensive.All members of your group are assigned a portion of the project.

If you say you’re going to do that area and don’t you are letting your team down and yourself. When working within a group it brings a lot of greatness and joy to each member. You will be able to meet new people and learn a lot about each other. Working together gives the team more understanding about the subject being worked and gives more understanding to others that may not know a lot about what you’re working on. * Time management is important when researching your subject.It is best to do a lot of research on a subject you’re discussing so as not to give the correct information about it. Make sure you’re aware of the pros and cons before you begin the assignment.

For instance, one may wish to start the assignment early; on Sunday, and Monday one can do research about the topic and read the chapter or chapters assigned. On Tuesday and Wednesday you can write down the information needed to complete the assignment; by Thursday you can reread your thoughts and ideas about what you’ve written and Friday you can post your assignment.That way on Saturday you can be ready to reply to your discussion board as assigned by the instructor. * When posting the assignment; it is important that you go by your instructions set by the teacher. This is very important as to not submit the wrong assignment and some instructors may not wish to read the assignment if it’s not submitted correctly. Not following directions and doing your work the way you wish will cause a lot of problems. Your grades can slip, your assignments could be late and finally, you can fail your class.

For all who is continuing education if you fail your classes there are consequences set by the school and The Department of Education. If a student fails class or if their grade point average slips below the set guidelines, you can be put on probation or may even be dropped from school. Some may even require you to pay the money back. * Good communication skills are a must. Every professional has to have a clear understanding about the work being done. Communication is the key to success no matter what field or profession you’re working in. When orking on your assignments, one has to adapt to catch the audience or readers intended.

Writing and speaking clearly will get the writer’s point across about the topic being discussed. “Communicating with each other’s means that one must be able to talk or write efficiently and act a civilized way. ” (Lesikar, 2008) * When speaking or writing about a given subject I want to be honesty to the best of my ability. That is why one must completely research their given topic thoroughly. Establishing credibility means whether you’re competent at discussing your topic chosen.If you’re not honest then no one will believe you. “Competence is how an audience respects your intelligence, expertise and knowledge.

” (Lucas, 2008) Being able to supply the audience with the correct information gives them respect toward the writer due to the fact that you have a lot of input about the subject. One may wish to come to you about helping them on their work as well. It gives you great confidence knowing that you helped someone get a good grade on their work as well. * And finally, the last academic and professional element of importance to me is being professional.No matter what type of work, or project I am doing it has to be great. I won’t settle for anything less than perfect. When you’re a professional it is very important to do the work assigned to you.

If a problem arise and you don’t know what to do always ask for help. Asking for help does not say that you’re stupid it just means that you don’t understand the topic at hand. In other words, a professional is someone who shows respect, courtesy, honesty and passion to all he or she meets. This assignment had me stressed for a little while but I gave my best to complete this assignment to the best of my abilities.The education I receive is very important to me. It gives me great pleasure and so much knowledge that can be used to benefit myself and further my career. I have set many guidelines and values that I must maintain to be the best that I can be when working, going to school and succeeding in life.

One can say that ethics can be defined as having moral duties or principles and the practice between good and evil. Being ethical is showing honesty toward oneself and one another. Integrity involves when one shows or adhere to certain codes of values.

Crime and Bad Lives Are the Measure of a State’s Failures essay help from professional writers: essay help from professional writers

In today’s modern world the situation in society usually reflects back the state of the government and policy-making institutes. High crime rates, poor living conditions, poverty, malnutrition indicate state’s failure and degradation. It is a widely distributed case when the state of living is so poor that people have no choice but resort to crime to make a living.The state in this case is supposed to fail in providing a good community with jobs, appropriate living standards and thriving economy, thus it failed its main purpose of existing on the grounds that government, without reserve, is responsible for the upholding its civil on the right level. When crime, undernourishment and poverty prosper in society, it is a feature of the fact that the political system has failed to educate and equip the average individual in society with means to survive.

For instance, Louisiana, USA, reflects in one year an extremely high crime rate and also a large percentage of people with an unhealthy and pernicious lifestyle, then, the job and responsibility of the state to govern, discipline and educate has been failed. With reference to government it must be said that it should be amenable for all the implications of its unfortunate policy and failures owing to the fact that society and civilians usually suffer from the inadequate government policy.All things considered, it should be ruminated about the government’s responsibility for creating an environment which is conducive to civil and respectful behavior through the passage and implementation of regulations and rules which define appropriate behavior in a normative culture context.

Wind vs. Solar in the Race for India’s Energy Future computer science essay help: computer science essay help

Wind Vs. Solar in the Race for India’s Energy Future This article compares the present and future potential for energy production from wind and solar sources in India and presents a brief analysis of future trends in these two energy technologies. Introduction India is undergoing an energy crisis. 53% of the country’s current power needs come from coal. This highly polluting source of energy is bound to run out someday. Compared to the West, India’s energy consumption is growing at break-neck speed. As India’s poor millions advance out of poverty, they are consuming more and more power, outstripping national power production.

The negative gap between consumption and production has been increasing exponentially in the past two decades, forcing the government to buy increasing quantities of power from abroad. This trend is set to continue, with the country doubling it’s energy consumption in the next 20 years. Finding alternatives to fossil fuel-based energy sources is vital to India’s future if it wants to continue sustained growth. Careful analysis of future trends is important for providing the right information to companies wanting to get involved in energy production.

Since wind and solar energy sources are widely popular and considered to be important in India’s development of renewable energy (RE) ,an important place to begin the analysis is by studying the inherent potential for these two energy sources. In this article I will limit my analysis of the RE sector to these two energy sources. Wind potential: Currently, India is fifth in the world in terms of installed wind power capacity. It is second, only after Germany, in the rate of growth of it’s wind sector. Wind power accounts for 6% of the total installed power capacity and 1. 6% of the actual power production in India.

The total wind energy potential in India is 10 times the total installed capacity. Given these figures, it is no surprise that this source for energy production has received much attention in the past few years. The major benefits of wind power are it’s fast set-up and turnover, clean environmental record, low operating and maintenance costs, relatively low capital costs and operation without the need for high-tech equipment. These are immediately recognized as ideal conditions for any seeking a quick business solution. However, wind also comes with it’s unique disadvantages.

The most prominent of these is the fact that wind patterns vary seasonally and geographically. This means that it can only be tapped to make electricity in some localized parts of the country, and the electricity production will vary throughout the year. The map on the right shows how just a few regions of the country are suitable for wind power harvesting. The wind patterns in India have been mapped and the areas with highest wind energy potential have been identified: For those parts of the country without sustained strong winds, wind power may not be the best answer.

Solar potential: Compared to wind, India lags behind in solar power production. Only about 0. 5% of the country’s power comes from solar. This is despite the availability of plenty of solar radiation in most of the country. In fact, India is one of the best places in the world to develop solar solutions for energy. Compared to wind, solar radiation is a much more abundant resource in India. Insolation levels are high all over the country, allowing for de-centralized, off-grid approaches to power production.

Not only does this lead to a more stable system (because of less risk of any large scale power outages), but it is extremely efficient in terms of land area used (rooftops and open terraces can become energy sinks) as well as in terms of energy conservation (because inefficient, expensive and long transmission lines can be avoided). The map on the left shows how India receives an average of over 5. 6 Kilowatts /Sq. meter every day. There are some disadvantages, however. Unlike wind, solar energy cannot be harvested at night. In India, an average of 65 days of the year are overcast and radiation levels are low on those days.

Even after taking into consideration these problems, solar power still remains a much better solution to India’s energy problems in terms of total energy potential. But there is a practical technology issue that is preventing more widespread adoption of solar solutions in India. The capital needed to set up solar electric systems is really high. Currently, the electricity obtained from a solar installation costs between 6 and 10 times that obtained from conventional coal based sources. Trends in technology: Today, the focus of the renewable energy industry in India has been on wind. Solar has received much less attention.

The reason why this discrepancy between solar and wind based energy production is seen in India is the high cost of solar technology installations, both photo-voltaic and solar thermal, compared to wind technology installations. Solar photo-voltaic technology is becoming more efficient by the day. Newer and cheaper methods of producing the silicon wafers needed to make the photo-voltaic sheets used in solar installations are being created. There have been major breakthroughs in both amorphous and crystelline silicon sheets. In the US and in Europe, scientists have developed higher efficiency levels than ever before.

Today, solar paint, solar pavements, solar sheets and solar fabric have been produced. This is just the beginning in exploring the adaptability of solar cells in outdoor human activities. We may be reaching a physical limit in the efficiency of solar cells, but the cost of making these cells will come down if there is sufficient investment in this area. The reason why business and government have focused mostly on wind and not so much on solar alternatives, is because of a lack of foresight combined with a desire for fast solutions. Wind power is already an attainable goal for India.

The promise of quick economic gains is the incentive behind the recent growth in the wind sector. Investors have flooded money into the market and today the industry is spending a lot of money on increasing the total capacity, while not following through on the production. This indicates a lack of foresight in considering the limitations of wind power. The government has responded by providing incentives for the wind industry to invest more into this energy alternative, while not recognizing the need for incentives for solar that could help to develop cost-effective solar power installations.

There is no doubt that wind will continue to grow, but the current model of development is more hype than substance. The future must see a shift in this trend. Consider and compare India’s solar and wind potential in the world stage: It is clear that when the technology becomes available, solar will provide a much more reliable and productive source of power for India. This analysis concludes that for a stable energy future based on wind and solar, a balanced approach in policy and business is necessary.

On the short term, we need to focus on utilizing the wind power capacity we already have installed while encouraging companies to invest wisely in wind power. Meanwhile, a long-term strategy must seriously promote the potential for solar power in India. Investors in RE must take a long term view of solar power. The same goes for government. If too much government incentive is focused on wind and development of solar alternatives is shelved, we will have a lot of catching up to do when our demand for power becomes too high to be supported by the dwindling supply of fossil fuels.

Apple Code of Conduct college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles

Apple Supplier Code of Conduct Apple is committed to ensuring that working conditions in Apple’s supply chain are safe, that workers are treated with respect and dignity, and that manufacturing processes are environmentally responsible. Apple’s suppliers (“Suppliers”) are obligated, in all of their activities, to operate in full compliance with the laws, rules, and regulations of the countries in which they operate. This Supplier Code of Conduct (“Code”) goes further, drawing upon internationally recognized standards, in order to advance social and environmental responsibility.Apple requires that Suppliers implement this Code using the management systems described below. The Apple Supplier Code of Conduct is modeled on and contains language from the Electronic Industry Code of Conduct. Recognized standards such as International Labour Organization Standards (ILO), Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Social Accountability International (SAI), and the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) were used as references in preparing this Code and may be useful sources of additional information.

A complete list of references is provided at the end of this Code. As an extension of the Code, Apple maintains a series of detailed Standards that clarify our expectations for compliance. Labor and Human Rights Suppliers must uphold the human rights of workers, and treat them with dignity and respect as understood by the international community.Antidiscrimination Suppliers shall not discriminate against any worker based on race, color, age, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, disability, religion, political affiliation, union membership, national origin, or marital status in hiring and employment practices such as applications for employment, promotions, rewards, access to training, job assignments, wages, benefits, discipline, and termination. Suppliers shall not require a pregnancy test or discriminate against pregnant workers except where required by applicable laws or regulations or prudent for workplace safety.In addition, Suppliers shall not require workers or potential workers to undergo medical tests that could be used in a discriminatory way except where required by applicable law or regulation or prudent for workplace safety. Fair Treatment Suppliers must be committed to a workplace free of harassment.

Suppliers shall not threaten workers with or subject them to harsh or inhumane treatment, including sexual harassment, sexual abuse, corporal punishment, mental coercion, physical coercion, verbal abuse or unreasonable restrictions on entering or exiting company provided facilities.Prevention of Involuntary Labor Suppliers shall not use any form of forced, bonded, indentured, or prison labor. All work must be voluntary and workers shall be free to leave work or terminate their employment with reasonable notice. Workers must not be required to surrender any government-issued identification, passports, or work permits as a condition of employment. Suppliers shall ensure that third party labor agencies providing workers are compliant with the provisions of the Code and sending country and receiving country laws, whichever is more stringent in its protection of workers.Suppliers shall ensure that contracts for both direct and contract workers clearly convey the conditions of employment in a language understood by the worker. Suppliers shall be responsible for payment of all fees and expenses in excess of the amount equal to one month of the worker’s anticipated net wages.

Such fees and expenses include, but are not limited to expenses associated with recruitment, processing or placement of both direct and contract Workers. Prevention of Under Age Labor Child labor is strictly prohibited.Suppliers shall not employ children. The minimum age for employment or work shall be 15 years of age, the minimum age for employment in that country, or the age for completing compulsory education in that country, whichever is higher. This Code does not prohibit participation in legitimate workplace apprenticeship programs that are consistent with Article 6 of ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138 or light work consistent with Article 7 of ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138.

Juvenile Labor Suppliers may employ juveniles who are older than the applicable legal minimum age for employment but are younger than 18 years of age, provided they do not perform work likely to jeopardize their heath, safety, or morals, consistent with ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138. Working Hours Except in Emergency or Unusual Situations, a workweek shall be restricted to 60 hours, including overtime, workers shall be allowed at least one day off every seven-days, and overtime shall be voluntary.Under no circumstances will workweeks exceed the maximum permitted under applicable laws and regulations. Suppliers must offer vacation time, leave periods, and holidays consistent with applicable laws and regulations. Wages and Benefits Suppliers must pay all workers at least the minimum wage required by applicable laws and regulations and provide all legally mandated benefits. In addition to their compensation for regular hours of work, workers must be compensated for overtime hours at the premium rate required by applicable laws and regulations.

Suppliers shall not use deductions from wages as a disciplinary measure. Workers must be paid in a timely manner, and the basis on which workers are being paid must be clearly conveyed to them in a timely manner. Freedom of Association Suppliers must respect the right of workers to associate freely, form and join workers organizations of their own choosing, seek representation, and bargain collectively, as permitted by and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.Suppliers shall not discriminate with respect to employment based on union membership and, in particular, shall not make employment subject to the condition that the worker relinquish union membership or agree not to join a union or cause the dismissal of or otherwise prejudice a worker by reason of union membership or participation in union activities outside working hours (or within working hours if the Supplier has consented to such activities or if required by applicable law or regulation).Suppliers must protect against acts of interference with the establishment, functioning, or administration of workers’ organizations in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Health and Safety Apple recognizes that integrating sound health and safety management practices into all aspects of business is essential to maintain high morale and produce innovative products. Suppliers must be committed to creating safe working conditions and a healthy work environment for all of their workers.

Occupational Injury Prevention Suppliers must eliminate physical hazards where possible.Where physical hazards cannot be eliminated, Suppliers must provide appropriate engineering controls such as physical guards, interlocks, and barriers. Where appropriate engineering controls are not possible, Suppliers must establish appropriate administrative controls such as safe work procedures. In all cases, Suppliers must provide workers appropriate personal protective equipment. Workers must have the right to refuse unsafe working conditions without fear of reprisal until management adequately addresses their concerns.Prevention of Chemical Exposure Suppliers must identify, evaluate, and control worker exposure to hazardous chemical, biological, and physical agents. Suppliers must eliminate chemical hazards where possible.

Where chemical hazards cannot be eliminated, Suppliers must provide appropriate engineering controls such as closed systems and ventilation. Where appropriate engineering controls are not possible, Suppliers must establish appropriate administrative controls such as safe work procedures. In all cases, Suppliers must provide workers appropriate personal protective equipment.Emergency Prevention, Preparedness, and Response Suppliers must anticipate, identify, and assess emergency situations and events and minimize their impact by implementing emergency plans and response procedures, including emergency reporting, worker notification and evacuation procedures, worker training and drills, appropriate first-aid supplies, appropriate fire detection and suppression equipment, adequate exit facilities, and recovery plans. Occupational Safety Procedures and Systems Suppliers must establish procedures and systems to manage, track, and report occupational injury and illness.Such procedures and systems should encourage worker reporting, classify and record injury and illness cases, investigate cases and implement corrective actions to eliminate their causes, provide necessary medical treatment, and facilitate the workers’ return to work. Ergonomics Suppliers must identify, evaluate, and control worker exposure to physically demanding tasks, including manual material handling, heavy lifting, prolonged standing, and highly repetitive or forceful assembly tasks.

Dormitory and Dining Suppliers must provide workers with clean toilet facilities, access to potable water, and sanitary food preparation and storage facilities. Worker dormitories provided by the Supplier or a labor agent must be clean and safe and provide adequate emergency egress, adequate heat and ventilation, reasonable personal space, and reasonable entry and exit privileges. Communication In order to foster a safe work environment, Suppliers shall ensure that workers receive appropriate workplace health and safety information and training, including written health and safety information and warnings in the primary language f its workers. Suppliers must post Material Safety Data Sheets in the primary language of its workers for any hazardous or toxic substances used in the workplace and properly train workers who will come into contact with such substances in the workplace. Worker Health and Safety Committees Suppliers are encouraged to initiate and support worker health and safety committees to enhance ongoing health and safety education and to encourage worker input regarding health and safety issues in the workplace.The Environment At Apple, environmental considerations are an integral part of our business practices. Suppliers must be committed to reducing the environmental impact of their designs, manufacturing processes, and waste emissions.

Hazardous Substance Management and Restrictions Suppliers must comply with the most recent version of Apple’s Regulated Substances Specification, 069-0135 and with any applicable laws and regulations prohibiting or restricting specific substances.To ensure safe handling, movement, storage, recycling, reuse, and disposal, Suppliers must identify and manage substances that pose a hazard if released to the environment and comply with applicable labeling laws and regulations for recycling and disposal. Wastewater and Solid Waste Emissions Wastewater and solid waste generated from operations, industrial processes, and sanitation facilities must be monitored, controlled, and treated as required by applicable laws and regulations before discharge or disposal.Air Emissions Air emissions of volatile organic chemicals, aerosols, corrosives, particulates, ozone depleting chemicals, and combustion by-products generated from operations must be characterized, monitored, controlled, and treated as required by applicable laws and regulations before discharge. Environmental Permits and Reporting Suppliers must obtain, maintain, and keep current all required environmental permits (e. g. discharge monitoring) and registrations and follow the operational and reporting requirements of such permits.

Pollution Prevention and Resource Reduction Suppliers must endeavor to reduce or eliminate waste of all types, including water and energy, by implementing appropriate conservation measures in their facilities, in their maintenance and production processes, and by recycling, re-using, or substituting materials. Ethics Suppliers must be committed to the highest standards of ethical conduct when dealing with workers, suppliers, and customers. Corruption, Extortion, or Embezzlement Corruption, extortion, and embezzlement, in any form, are strictly prohibited.Suppliers shall not engage in corruption, extortion or embezzlement in any form and violations of this prohibition may result in immediate termination as an Apple Supplier and in legal action. Disclosure of Information Suppliers must disclose information regarding its business activities, structure, financial situation, and performance in accordance with applicable laws and regulations and prevailing industry practices. No Improper Advantage Suppliers shall not offer or accept bribes or other means of obtaining undue or improper advantage.Fair Business, Advertising, and Competition Suppliers must uphold fair business standards in advertising, sales, and competition.

Whistleblower Protection and Anonymous Complaints Suppliers must create programs to ensure the protection of Supplier and worker whistleblower confidentiality and prohibit retaliation against workers who participate in such programs in good faith or refuse an order that is in violation of the Apple Supplier Code of Conduct.Suppliers shall provide an anonymous complaint mechanism for workers to report workplace grievances in accordance with local laws and regulations. Community Engagement Suppliers are encouraged to engage the community to help foster social and economic development and to contribute to the sustainability of the communities in which they operate. Protection of Intellectual Property Suppliers must respect intellectual property rights; safeguard customer information; and transfer of technology and know-how must be done in a manner that protects intellectual property rights. Management SystemsSuppliers must adopt or establish a management system designed to ensure compliance with this Code and applicable laws and regulations, identify and mitigate related operational risks, and facilitate continuous improvement. ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, Eco Management and Audit System (EMAS) may be useful resources. The management system should contain the following elements: Company Commitment A corporate social and environmental responsibility statement affirming the Supplier’s commitment to compliance and continual improvement, to be posted in the primary local language at all of the Supplier’s worksites.

Management Accountability and Responsibility Clearly identified company representatives responsible for ensuring implementation and periodic review of the status of the Supplier’s management systems. Legal and Customer Requirements A process to identify, monitor, and understand applicable laws and regulations and the additional requirements imposed by this Code. Supplier shall obtain, maintain and keep current a valid business license as required by applicable laws and regulations.Risk Assessment and Management A process to identify environmental, health and safety, business ethics, labor, human rights and legal compliance risks associated with their operations, determine the relative significance of each risk, and implement appropriate procedures and physical controls to ensure compliance and control the identified risks. Risk assessments for health and safety must include warehouse and storage facilities, plant and facility support equipment, laboratories and test areas, bathrooms, kitchens, cafeterias, and worker housing.Performance Objectives with Implementation Plans and Measures Written standards, performance objectives, targets, and implementation plans, including a periodic assessment of the Supplier’s performance against those objectives. Training Programs for training managers and workers to implement the Supplier’s policies, procedures, and improvement objectives.

Communication A process for communicating clear and accurate information about the Supplier’s performance, practices, and expectations to its workers, Suppliers, and customers.Worker Feedback and Participation An ongoing process to obtain feedback on processes and practices related to this Code and to foster continuous improvement. Audits and Assessments Periodic self-evaluations to ensure that the Supplier, its subcontractors and its next-tier Suppliers are complying with this Code and with applicable laws and regulations. Apple may visit (and/or have external monitors visit) Supplier facilities, with or without notice, to assess compliance with this Code and to audit Supplier’s wage, hour, payroll, and other worker records and practices.

How Urban Legends Work extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

Name: Fabio Carvalho How Urban Legends Work BY Tom Harris (Summary) Tom Harris has come up with a number of definitions for urban legend. To me, a legend must be a story, with characters and some sort of plot. Others lump widely dispersed misinformation into the urban-legend category. For example, the erroneous belief that you will automatically pass all of your college courses in a semester if your roommate kills himself is generally considered to be an urban legend.

While these “facts” don’t always have the narrative elements of traditional legend, they are passed from person to person and frequently have the elements of caution, horror or humor found in legends. Particular urban legends may be spread either as fact or as a story. For example, someone could tell you that there are giant alligators in New York’s sewers, or he could tell you a riveting story about a group of kids who stumbled upon such an animal. The methods of passing urban legends have evolved over time.

In the past 10 years, there has been a huge surge of urban legends on the internet. The most common venue is forwarded e-mail.. This storytelling method is unique because usually the story is not reinterpreted by each person who passes it on. A person simply clicks the “Forward” icon in their e-mail and types in all his friends’ e-mail addresses. Having the original story gives e-mail legends a feeling of legitimacy. You don’t know the original author, but they are speaking directly to you.

Socially Useful Productive Activity free college essay help: free college essay help

Even my NGO (Deepalaya) had apprehensions as to how much we will be able to contribute in such a short time span. But after going through the whole exercise I can say that this course will surely be one of the highlights of my two year PGDM. SUPA helped me create a bond with Deepalaya that will definitely last a lifetime. I always wanted an NGO that is involved in education, so Deepalaya was perfect choice.

Not only had it made me sensitive towards people who are underprivileged it also gave me a sense of pride of being a part of a worthy cause.It was an eye-opener to see that so many things that we take for granted are a distant dream for the majority in our country. If my work changes the life of even one child I would consider these 22 days being worth every single second. So I take this opportunity to specially thank Prof. J. Philip, President XIME and Prof. S.

D. Tyagaraj, Dean XIME for coming up with such an innovative and socially responsible course. I am surprised that XIME is the only management institute that offers such a course, after all it’s not just the corporate’ that require efficient management.In a country like ours where there is extreme inequality in the society it becomes absolutely imperative that people like us come forward and contribute in our own little way. Today management professionals are venturing into social welfare, I hope this XIME initiative gives a boost to this trend and that many more institute’ follow suit. When I pass out of XIME one and a half years from now and look back at the two years I spent here, I would rate SUPA above all the other courses that I studied. At this point I have to acknowledge a few people who made my involvement with Deepalaya fruitful; Mr.

The answer came pretty quickly, it was ‘Education’. Education is the only cause that I could see myself joining because I consider it to be the difference between success and failure. In our country literacy rate is just 66%, which is way below what we are achieving for. I am not just talking about formal education but also professional as well as vocational education. These high levels of illiteracy create a workforce that is unskilled and is unable to achieve its maximum potential. It is the reason why education has been the focus of our government, with ‘Right to Education’ being a big step.Education gives you a platform from which you build a career for yourself and become a responsible citizen.

‘Money is a current asset but education is a fixed one that gives dividends in the long run’. So finding an NGO with its roots deep into education was my primary focus. Once I decided on the cause, I started searching for an NGO in Delhi/NCR which serves the cause that is close to my heart. I have been lucky to be born in a family that could afford my education. So I was looking for an organization that helps in educating people who are not so lucky.Our course outlines that we have to get in touch with that other part of society. Deepalaya fit the bill perfectly as its primary focus was on education, especially child education.

Every person you educate is a small effort in making a ‘self reliant’ society, which is Deepalaya’s motto. My own background check confirmed the credibility of the NGO so I didn’t think twice about sending an application. I am glad that it was accepted and I got a chance to make good friends and contribute to the society in my own personal way. SUPA Report: Denny Thomas Page 4 About Deepalaya Vision

The Audit Report Was Timely, but at What Cost? college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

This is intended to distinguish the report from a compilation or review report. The scope paragraph (see part 4) clari? es what is meant by an audit. Second, it lists the ? nancial statements that were audited, including the balance sheet dates and the accounting periods for the income statement and statement of cash ? ows. The wording of the ? nancial statements in the report should be identical to those used by management on the ? nancial statements.

Notice that the report in Figure 3-1 is on comparative ? nancial statements. Therefore, a report on both years’ statements is needed.Third, the introductory paragraph states that the statements are the responsibility of management and that the auditor’s responsibility is to express an opinion on the statements based on an audit. The purpose of these statements is to communicate that management is responsible for selecting the appropriate generally accepted accounting principles and making the measurement decisions and disclosures in applying those principles and to clarify the respective roles of management and the auditor. 4. Scope paragraph. The scope paragraph is a factual statement about what the auditor did in the audit.

The Parable of the Sadhu instant essay help: instant essay help

The Parable of the Sadhu 1) McCoy is the type of person who is involved with ethics in a way that can benefit the entire group, he rationalizes his decisions by his ethical knowledge. Although yes McCoy did do something wrong. He ignored the fact that there was a dying man in front of his feet, and he refused to care for him more than he had already. This wrong decision was created due to his belief in Group Ethics and not Individual Ethics, he refused to think harder at the matter and simply believed in writing rather than common sense. ) McCoy’s decision can be justified by a few reasons, in that he used his knowledge of Ethical Decisions to avoid Ethical Lapses in the matter. McCoy had actually shown a central force that affected his decisions into the matter, he was following the force of “Distancing from Responsibility” As he was trying to not get too personal with the decision at hand, this can be both a defense argument and a flaw. McCoy had developed his knowledge of avoiding ethical lapses. He introduced his ethical education into the matter which made it easier to come up with a fair decision.

He also was trying to Lead by example to the others with him on the trip so that no one could jeopardize their activity. 3) This is an example of an ethical decision that is morally wrong, it is where the person thinks of himself rather than the individual, this falls into the Second Stage of the Moral Development. The preconventional stage, Stage two: Individual instrumental purpose. This is where the person determines what is right or wrong by making actions that best serve their needs or wants.

If the Sadhu had been a beautiful woman for instance, McCoy would have immeadiatelly stopped and helped because he believes that helping a woman would gain him a reward or would make the woman fall for him at some point. However that should not matter at all, an individual is an individual whether an old man, a child, or a woman, none of that should matter in the world of Ethics. 4) A : Standards at 15 – 20 thousand feet would matter in all sense of the situation, after all our decisions are hindered by the fact that we can no longer think straight due to the external pressure that is engulfing our minds.

The tempreature is also another factor, as it is freezing the body cannot create well and ethical decisions this falls into the category of External Pressure. It is where the person is affected by whats around him which disables him from coming up with proper decisions. B : When other groups of people are around you in a situation where you have to create an ethical decision you have to initiate a method to avoid ethical lapses which is to “Lead By Example” to show the individuals around you that you can handle the situation well enough to avoid lapses of any sort.

Which makes us more responsible. C : In my belief, what needs to change to create better outcomes would be Communication between the individuals, because communications tend to break down which cause morally wrong decisions as we have witnessed involving the Sadhu. The reason that communication needs to change is that so people can openly discuss their problems with one another so that they can feel at ease and can think properly while together and not create rational behaviors of the matter.

Bread Mold Experiment argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Bread Mold Experiment By: Stephanie Westover PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment will be to determine how temperature affects the growth of mold on wheat bread.

The researchers choose this topic because she thinks it will be beneficial to find a way to keep food from molding. Determining how long bread can be stored before molding can help save money, prevent illness and preserve freshness. The question the researcher will attempt to answer is how freezing affects the rate of mold growth in wheat bread.The information gathered in this experiment may be relevant to those individuals who contend with food borne molds at home, or professionally. Because the rate of mold growth can vary depending on the type of bread tested, the researcher will limit this study to a commonly available variety of wheat bread that can found in most stores. This will make the results of this experiment more relevant to average consumers and it will enable the results to be generalized across a larger selection of commercially produced wheat breads.Having some understanding of common practices regarding food storage and mold growth, the researcher sought out formal studies of food borne mold growth to help develop my hypothesis.

What the researcher discovered was that food storage at low temperature slows many of the enzymatic reactions involved in spoilage and reduces the growth rate of microorganisms. (Microsoft Encarta, 2007) This literature review shows that refrigeration slows the growth rate of mold. Further, the article demonstrated that refrigerators should be kept at temperatures 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit to minimize bacterial growth.In this procedure the researcher discovered that refrigeration does indeed slow the growth rate of mold. Many organisms will not grow at all or will grow at a slower rate if stored in low temperatures. While low temperatures are not bactericidal, the low temperatures do slow the growth rate of bacteria. Although a few microbes will grow in super cooled solutions as low as minus 20o c, most foods are well-preserved against microbial growth in the household freezer.

(Todar, Kenneth, 2011) In this article it states that even a household freezer can preserve foods against growth of mold if set at the right temperature.The researcher discovered that the zip lock baggie that the freezer in this experiment did in fact preserve the bread against the growth of mold. DESIGN The experiment design will be as follows: The researcher will purchase a loaf of commercially produced wheat bread and record the rate of mold growth on that bread over a period of 10 days at three different temperatures. The researcher will use commercial grade thermometers placed in a standard refrigerator, freezer and kitchen countertop to measure temperature. A commercial grade thermometer was used as it is close to the same type used in a typical restaurant.The researcher will place one piece of bread in a clear, sealed zip lock bag and put one of those bags in each of the three temperatures zones. Zip lock baggies were chosen over any other standard container because it was the best choice to keep out any bacteria that might give false results.

She will remove each test bag from its controlled temperature zone and measure the mold growth on each piece of bread through the clear zip lock bag using a fractional ruler. The researcher will record those measurements in a log book noting the time, temperature variation if any, and size of mold growth in inches.She will then immediately replace the bag back into its respective temperature zone. The researcher will repeat those measurements for 10 days and summarize my findings at that time. The researcher will be using commercially available wheat bread so that the results of this experiment can be at least partially generalized to all commercial bread products. She will be using common temperature settings throughout the experiment to mimic what is found not only in most households, but also in many commercial food establishments.

Huntingtons Disease Nontraditional Inheritance easy essay help: easy essay help

DNA, the chemical that makes up our genes, contains a “code” of three letter words known as “codons” or “trinucleotide repeats. ” Many genes normally contain a trinucleotide repeat, which is present several times. When the number of repeats increases to a larger than normal number of copies, the DNA is altered, and the gene may not function correctly or at all (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008). Huntington’s Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Males and females are equally likely to inherit the mutant gene.

The change in the gene takes place when the gene is passed from parent to child. Nontraditional inheritance plays a role in the development of HD when symptoms appear at an earlier age with each generation. The mutant genes repeat more times than the usual number in normal copies of these genes. It is not clear what causes a trinucleotide repeat to multiply into more copies than it should in a gene. Sometimes, a person may have more than the usual number of copies, but not enough to alter the function of the gene” (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008).

The higher numbers of repeats in each copy of the HD gene, the earlier the symptoms appear (“Huntington’s disease,” 2009). This is evident in the pedigree beginning with Martha and Horace. Martha died ten years after symptoms of HD appeared and her son, Allen also died ten years after his diagnosis. Martha’s symptoms appeared at 55 years of age, her son Allen’s symptoms appeared at 50 years of age and his children’s symptoms appeared between the ages of 37-40.

If the mutant HD gene is inherited from the father, the chance of the number of repeats is greater than if inherited from the mother. Either the number of times a repeat can change during transmission can expand or contract, thereby changing the way and age in which HD presents itself. The risk for developing HD for the members of the fifth generation (unborn children of Joseph and Becky) are 50/50 because even though Joseph has no symptoms at age 27, he has a 50/50 chance of having the gene and passing it on to his children.

My Most Frightening Day need essay help: need essay help

My Most Frightening Day Most people don’t have any idea when their most frightening day will be, it could have been when they were young or maybe it has not quite happened yet. I did not have the luxury of surprise although I also didn’t exactly have a day marked on my calendar.

I knew my most frightening day would come when a doctor called my house and informed my family that my great grandpa Papahualo had two weeks to live, and my dad informed me that we were going to fly out there to be with him.He was like a father to my dad and he traveled with us most everywhere we went and now, we were going to be with him before his greatest journey yet. I had been planning to go to New York during winter break; I was hoping to spend time with Papahualo as I went around sight-seeing and getting to know the city. This was not the trip I had planned at all. It wasn’t during winter break, it was two weeks before classes would begin for me, and this was not how I wanted to see him.The last time I had seen Papahualo was one year before when he was strong as a horse and could still pick me up when he gave an extra strong hug. We bought the tickets two days in advance and everything happened so fast that it almost seemed like a dream.

Papahualo was one of the healthiest, strongest people I knew. He was not the frail old man the doctor described over phone with his organs slowly shutting down. On the plane everything felt normal, like any other trip, I am used to traveling, but never like this.Even though the flight was short it felt like a nerve racking eternity of uncertainty, I couldn’t get a wink of sleep. I was sure I would break down sometime on the plane, if not then maybe once we got there and everything stopped feeling like a dream and became real but that moment never came. We went almost immediately to the hospital and although I ran scenario after scenario in my mind of what it would be like, I had no idea what to expect.My Papahualo’s lungs were filled with water and due to his organs shutting down, especially the kidneys and liver he didn’t look pale but instead a slight yellow color took over.

As of the day before he had stopped being able to talk, he was so weak and fragile he barely resembled the man I knew wrinkle by wrinkle in my memories. He was so sedated for the pain that he was only capable of sleeping, I was told he had been slightly delusional and I wasn’t sure if he would even know who I was. The nurses and doctors had been having issues with him wanting to get up and leave.They just could not understand that nothing ever stopped him from being independent and able to live just like them only weeks before. He had raised or taken care of so many children, grand children, nephews, nieces and even great grandchildren but had never had to be taken care of to this extent. I spent the first night at his bedside on a reclining chair, it was not the most comfortable sleeping arrangement but it was better than the chair my aunt kindly offered to sleep in. The first time he opened his eyes I filled with excitement and fear all at the same time.

I leaned in and asked if he knew who I was, he whispered “of course” and squeezed my hand as if he would never let go. That’s what I wanted deep down, I never wanted to say goodbye I had never even so much as given a thought to it. How do you say goodbye to someone who has always been there and watched you grow? How do you let go of someone who has meant so much to you for so long that a future without them seems impossible? I was holding my breath waiting for him to take his last. It is the scariest thing I have ever had to do.The second night I spent the same, just holding his hand and staying awake until around six in the morning when my aunt or uncle would wake up and take over my shift, the nurses were not the only ones up around the clock. By the third night my family may as well have locked me up in my aunts’ house, they insisted I need to take care of myself too and finally go home, eat a good meal and get some real rest. The fourth night was my last night in New York.

My great grandpa had finally been transported to a hospice and we knew it was now only a matter of time.It was decided that my two aunts and uncle would stay overnight with him but I begged and was allowed to stay instead of my uncle. He was surrounded by family from the beginning but now even more than ever with people from the area were even coming to visit trying to give their last goodbyes and sharing memories with the rest of us. He was so respected, admired, and loved; no one ever had anything bad to say of him and this was not just because of the circumstances. As it got later the family proceeded to clear out, leaving me with my aunts.I was reading my book and positioned myself as usual by his bedside until the familiar sound of his peaceful breathing began to change and slow down. Was this the moment everyone has been dreading? I put my book down, got out of my chair and walked closer.

I wasn’t alone because my aunts immediately were asking him if he was okay and comfortable enough and the mandatory things they’d say when he opened his eyes or got their attention. As he was breathing slower and slower my heart raced faster and faster, I squeezed his hand and I felt him still holding on.I looked into his eyes and tried to find a conscious mind behind the stare but there was none. My aunt called her sister and explained their dad wasn’t breathing the same “he’s breathing too slowly, he’s taking so long to breathe …he’s not breathing anymore”. I closed his eyes for him, which I felt was an honor because only one person could ever put you at your final peace like that. I didn’t say anything because there was nothing left to say, I had been talking to him in the few moments we had alone and he knew I loved him very much. Words were not needed at the moment just a few silent tears.

Then came the duty of delivering some phone calls out to family, and I had to maintain calm. I cannot describe all the emotions I went through in those four days; twenty six letters in different combinations could not possibly express the love, pain, exhaustion and fear that passed through me. I have never seen someone losing their life slowly before my eyes, but it’s a feeling I will never forget and one that scared me beyond what I can explain. I don’t wish it on anyone but in a way I also do feel special to have truly been there until the very end. Rest in peace Marino Eduardo Pacheco Alegre, better known as my Papahualo.

Japanese Canadians During Wwii gp essay help: gp essay help

Japanese people were blamed for everything from a bad crop to a flat tire” (Biase). Japanese Canadians claimed they were given many dirty and hateful looks, and overheard “people cursing at Japanese for their car troubles” (Biase). The Japanese Canadians were being punished for a crime they did not commit.

Canada’s only defence for its actions was that, “Japanese people were not white and they ‘could’ be spies” (Biase). This meant people were suspicious and literally afraid of Japanese for being spies sent from Japan.As a result, Japanese Canadians had to deal with being blamed for things they did not deserve, thus resulting in being treated unjustly as a human being. This notice was distributed throughout British Columbia. If any Japanese were found in the prohibited areas listed, they would be incarcerated. Thirdly, the Japanese Canadians were sent to internment camps across Canada against their will. In Canada, there were 10 internment camps where, “3 were road camps, 2 were prisoner of war camps (POW) and 5 were self-supporting camps” (Robinson).

Internment camps is a “large detention center created for political opponents, enemy aliens, people with mental illness, members of specific ethnic or religious groups, civilian inhabitants of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, usually during a war” (Dictionary). In this case, internment camps in Canada at the time were designed for only Japanese Canadians. Internment camps were labour/work camps, which required heavy-duty work for the 22,000 imprisoned Japanese Canadians to do.Since World War II caused a large shortage of farmers, especially sugar beet farmers, the Security Commission Council organized, “Sugar beet projects to combat the labour shortage. This gave Japanese males a choice. The choice was to work in road camps as slaves or go to the beet camps and be with their families. Working in the beet camp was the choice taken by the majority of Japanese married men” (Biase).

Considering the Japanese Canadians had to live inside the camps, the living conditions inside the internment camps were poor. They were crowded and were primitive with no electricity or running water.A story from Hideo Kukubo tells what life was like during the war: “I was in that camp for four years. When it got cold the temperature went down to as much as 60 below. The buildings stood on flat land beside a lake. We lived in huts with no insulation. Even if we had the stove burning the inside of the windows would all be frosted up and white, really white.

I had to lie in bed with everything on that I had… at one time there were 720 people there, all men, and a lot of them were old men. ” This is just one of the many horrible stories the Japanese Canadians experienced.Therefore, the Japanese Canadians were treated unfairly when they were forced to work and live in internment camps. In conclusion, the Japanese Canadians suffered during the period 1929 to 1945.

They had their property and rights taken from them, they were blamed for unnecessary things and forced into camps where labour was the only thing you did all day. Therefore, when Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced a historic redress settlement for the Japanese Canadians on September 22, 1988, it truly was the best thing to do, even though it was long overdue.

Parental Control – the Correct Approach? argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

Parental Control – The Correct Approach? It is the role of the parents to guide their child, to ensure that the child follows the right path, whatever that path may be. After all, it is the parent who possesses the greatest influence on the direction chosen by the child, and his ultimate success in life. What parent has not felt the weight of this responsibility? Too often, parents faced with the pressure to provide such guidance to their children utilize questionable parenting practices which alienate the child, and yield results contrary to their intent. Children must be allowed independence, in order to fully develop as human beings.

They must be allowed their own dreams and aspirations, and the freedom to choose what they wish to be. Children raised under strict supervision lack the confidence, independence, and social development necessary to become successful members of society. By looking at the consequences of authoritarian parenting, it is clear that today’s parents must not resort to the use of authority in the raising of their children, and should instead utilize responsive parenting techniques focused on providing children with the best possible environment for personal growth.

Perhaps the most severe consequence of controlling parenting is the lack of unconditional love as perceived by the child. Warmth and affection are vital for a child’s emotional development. Children who are faced with such demands as may be made by a more authoritarian parent do not see their parents’ love as unconditional, but rather come to believe that only by meeting these demands can they secure their parents’ affection. A study published by the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health concluded that “early nurturing and warmth have long-lasting positive effects on mental health well into adulthood. ”[ ] The reverse is also true.

Children who don’t perceive this warmth from their parents demonstrate high levels of stress and anxiety, and a low sense of self worth. Such traits are hardly conducive to positive personal development. Authoritarian parents desire complete control over their children. Ironically, such practices as employed by these parents could well result in a complete inability to influence their children. Children, in times of need, will naturally turn to one they feel loved and accepted by. Often, this will not be the authoritarian parent. By alienating their children, parents are weakening their own ability to guide and influence them.

Children of authoritarian parents are far more likely to turn to their peers when confronted with difficult decisions, lessening the role of the parent in their development. [ ] As a result, parents are unable to provide their children with the guidance they need to successfully grow and develop into proper adults. While emotional development is integral to happiness, competence, both social and intellectual, plays a considerable role in success. Proponents of more stringent control often cite the comparatively high levels of academic achievement displayed by the children raised in these conditions.

Despite the proposed slight correlation demand and control have with academic averages, it does not result in true intellectual capability. These individuals face significant pressure to achieve. As a result, they are likely to be focused on the outcome, and focus on rote memorization of concepts instead of logic and critical reasoning abilities. Control advocates fail to consider how such an environment actually affects intellectual development, which is stunted in favour of short term test scores. In fact, even this dubious correlation is questionable.

While some studies have suggested such a relationship, others have shown opposing results. In a study conducted in 1999, Melissa Kamins and Carol Dweck concluded that shaming children for poor performance, a common practice of controlling parents, results in even poorer performance on problem solving tasks. [ ] There is however, no argument as to the effect of authoritarian parenting on the social abilities of recipients. Children and adolescents from controlling families exhibit far weaker social skills on average than their counterparts from more reactive ones.

This assertion has been confirmed by multiple studies across many different populations. [ ] [ ] [ ] Social competence is arguably even more important than intellectual capabilities. These are the skills which help us create and maintain relationships with others, and are paramount to both personal and professional success. Advocates of strict parental control also insist that such control imparts the child with a sense of responsibility. Nothing could be further from the truth. A child who is raised under strict control does not know discipline, only the fear of punishment.

Problem behaviour is less present, but there is no true sense of responsibility involved. The child is taught blind obligation to authority without question. Under these conditions, the child cannot develop his own moral compass and discipline. Experimental research has shown that authoritarian parenting is in fact more likely to create children less capable of moral reasoning when compared to other parenting styles. [ ] By not allowing the child to think for himself, and enforcing compliance and obedience, parents are destroying the child’s individuality.

As in adult, such a child will always rely on others to make decisions for him, because self-reasoning and critical thinking were not encouraged in his childhood. Parents, as the guardians of the next generation, are tasked with the crucial responsibility of raising their children to become functional, successful individuals. Now, more than ever, it is vital for parents to realize that control and authority are not the answers to successful child rearing. Such practices could have grave implications on the future of our society if they were allowed to spread unchecked.

The Feeling of Joy college essay help free: college essay help free

Joy “Joy comes from happiness within and looking at things from a different point of view” Joy means “an act of happiness”. When we hear the word joy or even think of it, what really comes to mind? Happiness, bliss and cheerfulness, happiness is one of the major factor’s that help us to understand what joy really is. Most people are joyful when they succeed, because joy comes from success. They base their joy on success because it’s big representation in life.

Can joy really come from success because, when we think of success it usually involves having a lot of money or being famous.Sadly, joy has been mistaken for success when we don’t know the true meaning of joy. People usually think of success as having your picture on the cover of magazines, in movie scenes and having people talk about you on a daily base. They don’t realize that people who attain success in this way all the time are not happy, because it’s not something they really want to do. Most successful people are not happy with the success they have, because they can’t find joy in what they do. This is the reason why most successful people fall under the influence of drugs and alcohol, because they can’t take the pressure of having that type of success.In fact, success with the involvement of fame and money cannot give you joy because it only takes away the true definition of what joy is.

Joy can only come from success if it is attaining something that you wanted for so long. When people experience true success they are happy. Success can’t come overnight, but with hard work and dedication you can become a true success and this when you really feel the joy of having success. Joy can only come from success if you’re truly happy with what you’re doing to be successful. Having success and joy in life is what everyone one wants and ask for.When you really have both there’s nothing else you could ask for, because you have just accomplish what everyone in the world wants and desire. There for great joy can only come from true success.

Joy is falling in love, making new friends or spending time with old ones, sweet dreams and watching a baby take his first step or say their first word. Without love, friendship and family can a person get joy? Love comes from having true feelings and affection for someone special. Being loved by family and friends is the greatest feeling in the world.We look to family and friends for the strength to go out through days when we can’t make and once we get the moral support and love from them it’s all we really need. Friendship is having someone who is there for you when they are most needed. They help you up when you’re down and stand for everything you do in life. Friends take care of you when you’re at you’re worst.

Their strong for you when you cry and wipe your tears for you and always say “it’s going to be ok”. As family we fight and we argue, but without family we would not have the support system that we truly need to make it in life.Family take us back when we have hurt them, betrayed them and disowned them. Without family how could we really make it? Without any of this I don’t think a person could have joy and only with true success can we attain everything that we need, so that we can have the true feeling of joy. The Browns were having their annual picnic, the sun was burning and the family was enjoying each other’s company. Around the same time last summer they did the same thing, but at their last picnic two of the family members had an argument.They went on for at least two hours arguing, their grandmother tried to calm each of them down but it didn’t work.

Sean was fed up with his cousin Fred that he was arguing with; so he left the picnic and went on his way. Later during the week he called the family and told them that he wouldn’t be coming around anymore because he don’t feel like he need them for anything. Sean got into trouble with the law an realized that he didn’t have anybody to run to or call. Little that he knew, his cousin Fred was at the scene when he got arrested and showed up at the police station to sign his bail.When he got out and realized that it was Fred who had done this for him he was overwhelmed, because he thought that his family had forgot about him just like he told them he would do to them. Joy that comes from outside influence is base on money, fame and success. The joy that we feel inside comes from knowing that we are loved, can make a person smile and also going on throughout the day knowing we have good health and strength.

Some years ago, a man by the name of Sam Brown thought he knew the true meaning of joy. He had success and the money to go with it.People adored him for what he did and everywhere he went some knew his name. All of this made him feel like he was on top of the world. Until one day it hit him that this wasn’t what he really wanted, he didn’t have his family for the moral support he needed and didn’t have real friends that actually cared for him. He then realized this when he had a heart attack, and no one who’d flock around him was at his bedside to talk to him. He disowned his family and where he came from for success and in the end he realized that he only had money and nothing else to go with it.

Broiler and Chicken “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu

Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. “I used to eat chicken without much thought about where it came from, or how and by whom it was raised and processed. Life was much easier then. ” So states Steve Striffler at the beginning of his book Chicken, The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. Similar thoughts are beginning to resonate in the minds of millions of people living in the developed world, who like Steve Striffler, have no particular interest in animal rights.

In fact, Chicken, apparently the only recent book to deal exclusively with birds reared for the broiler industry, is just one response among many to the growing public interest in how their food is produced. Striffler provides the reader with a fascinating account of today’s broiler chicken industry. It lays bare the facts about how the highly processed, branded and elaborately packaged chicken products are produced and marketed as part of a fast food industry with an annual outlay of $33 billion to spend to promote its products. In 1928 Herbert Hoover promised impoverished Americans “a chicken in every pot”.

By the 1970s the health effects of eating red meat were coming under question. People were turning to chicken as a health food. With the development of chicken nuggets and other processed chicken products in the 1980s, chicken has become unhealthy for all concerned, whether they are workers, farmers or consumers. “Six chicken nuggets contain the same amount of fat (21 grams) as a fat-filled double cheeseburger with condiments and vegetables. Order a chicken fillet sandwich and you get about one-third more fat than that same burger. ”

The result is a disaster of titanic proportions. “Nearly two out of every three Americans (130 million) are overweight, and almost one-third (60 million) are obese, an epidemic that has implications for heart disease, cancer, stress diabetes, and a wide range of other serious health problems”. What seems most shameful (to me, as an ethical vegan) is the fact that Government, supposedly set up “by the people, for the people” also pumps $20-billion a year into promoting unhealthy products, with only a tiny portion of outlays going to promote grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.

Steve Striffler could be categorized as a subtle reformer. His book sets out the fundamentals of a system in which there are no villains or good guys, simply problems of worker injustice, poverty, poor public health, and environmental degradation, all of which can and must be addressed. For those readers who share a passion for reform, whether it be in the field of labour relations, environmental degradation, human rights, and yes, even animal rights, Striffler has provided a wealth of references for further study most of which is easily accessed on the Net.

This is how he tells it: “Tyson processes job applicants like it processes poultry. The emphasis is on quantity, not quality”. “There were no pleasantries but neither was there any bullshit”. In less than five minutes after the foreman’s “What can I do for ya”, I was offered a job on the line”. The only white American, he was apparently, “Tyson material”. A short while later Javier, his orientation leader, escorted him and other new recruits into the classroom. A large sign, prominently displayed, caught his eye.

Written in English and Spanish its message was sharp and to the point, “Democracies depend on the political participation of their citizens – but not in the workplace”. The going rate for the job was $8 per hour. He describes his first evening in the plant: ” Hundreds of live chickens flood off the truck, down a chute, into a bin where workers quickly hang them by the feet onto the production line. The atmosphere is surreal, nearly pitch black, on the theory that the darkness soothes the terrified birds. The smell and look of the place is oppressive”.

Line workers (mainly women) must hang chickens at a pace of up to forty birds a minute for eight hours a day. They stand in the same place and make the same series of motions for the entire shift. It is inevitable that given time, they will sustain serious injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal and leg problems, varicose veins – to name just a few. The workers are covered with “blood, shit, and feathers”. The pace is relentless. The birds pass through an electrically charged bath that stuns the bird, but leaves it conscious until its neck is cut further down the line.

These communal baths, popularly described as “fecal soup”, pass on harmful microbes from one bird to the next, presenting a severe health hazard to the consumer. At the end of the process each chicken is plunged into a scalding tank. Apparently about one in twenty survive even this horror, for it is Javier’s job to stab these birds. It is not Striffler’s intention to be an advocate for the chickens. This may seem regrettable but it should be remembered that the Animal Rights movement possesses sufficient talented writers able and willing to take on this important task, as indeed they have done for the past thirty-five years.

Animal Farm/ Pov best essay help: best essay help

English Essay 3.

Of all of the characters in Animal Farm, are there any who seem to represent the point of view of the author? Which of the animals or people do you think come(s) closest to achieving Orwell’s perspective on Animal Farm? George Orwell brings to life many characters in the novel Animal Farm. He introduces very interesting characters like Boxer, Benjamin, and Napoleon.All of which are very interesting, however, none of them fully represent Orwell’s point of view. In Animal Farm, Orwell shows the reader the revolution as a glorious thing in the beginning then he turns Napoleon into a dictator, which causes the revolution to take a turn for the worse and in the end it is considered to have failed completely.It is believed that Snowball is the closest character in the story to the narrator’s opinion by many people including Malcolm Bradbury and many publishers of Orwell’s time; old Major’s speech is also very influential in the portrayal of how the author thinks; one of the very important things in the novel is the way the names and descriptions of the characters portrayed which characters George Orwell was more inclined towards; it has also been noticed that the author portrayed the events in a way that would show Snowball as the only person who was right in his thoughts and his actions.Animal Farm is considered an allegory to the Russian revolution. Although this is not the only moral of the story it is one of the most perceived and understood morals.

The claim that Animal Farm is an allegory is supported by the fact that most of the events that happened in the story are very similar to what happened in real life. For example, the sudden attack on Snowball is a representation of the attack on Trotsky, also the final meeting in Animal Farm between the humans and the pigs is also very similar to the meeting between Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt.Since it is an allegory most characters either represent a real person or a real organization. For example, Old Major represented Karl Marx since his teachings were implemented after he died and they caused a revolution. This is very important to understand since George Orwell’s feelings towards the actual events are reflected in the story. Because this is viewed as a very political novel it represented a challenge to Orwell to publish the book. However, the fact that it was a political novel was not the exact reason for the book being rejected so many times but n fact the issue that the publisher’s had with book was the fact “that it came from someone of Troskyite Sympathies”(vi), which is the person that Snowball represented.

Old Major’s speech was a very important part of the story. It represents the beginning, not only the beginning of the story but also the beginning of the revolutionary era. In the old Major speech the author paints a happy, perky image at the end by saying “And then, after a few preliminary tries the whole farm burst into ‘Beasts of England’ in tremendous unison. The cows lowed it, the dogs whinnied it, the sheep bleated it, the horses whinnied it, the ducks quacked it”(8).By using phrases like “the whole farm burst” and “tremendous unison” the author creates this imagery of joy and happiness. He also gives a feeling of unity by mentioning many different types of animals together and he balances all the phrases with the same amount of words in each phrase giving a sense of harmony in this time of delight. At this point of the story it is easy to argue that any animal represents the author’s opinion, however, it is a much more convincing argument that the author is in agreement with old Major, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball.

The reason for which is that the Author is in clear belief and conviction of old Major’s teachings and so do the other three pigs, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball. This is expressed in the text when Orwell writes, “These three had elaborated old Major’s teachings into a complete system of thought to which they gave the name of Animalism”(9-10). One very important aspect of the story is the name of each character. Every name is clearly well thought out and very precisely chosen.This is obvious in some cases like with Napoleon as he was described in the story as someone who is “not much of a talker but with a reputation of getting his own way”(9), this is very similar to the actual Napoleon who actually took his crown away from the pope at his coronation to show his power and get his way. Squealer description in the novel said, “He was a brilliant talker”(9). That was practically his job throughout the whole novel he was as his name suggests a squealer also known as a person who “give short cry”(the Mac dictionary).

Then there was Snowball, he was described as “a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character”(9). His name and his description suggest that he is a cheerful pig and that he was more spirited and fun than other pigs. Another interesting thing is that when a person throws a snowball to a wall it crumbles and the same goes for Snowball when he’s confronted with true power he crumbles. This shows that the author’s view is more inclined towards Snowball since the author described him in a more positive way than other animals.He also pointed out quite clearly how Snowball is better than Napoleon with three positive qualities that Napoleon didn’t have while he only mentioned one quality that Napoleon had over Snowball and he did it in a subtle way, as if he was trying not to point out the bad qualities in Snowball. The last and most influential point is the way the events in the story are presented. Orwell shows Manor Farm as a place that is mistreated in the first line of the story.

He then portrays the revolution as something glorious that has brought happiness to all the animals which is something that most points of view agree on.The animals were doing well in the harvest and were moving along. They were also able to defeat the humans in the “Battle of the Cowshed”. Later on when Napoleon and Snowball were opposing each other in all of these meetings, Orwell described Snowball as being the productive one of the two when he said, “Snowball had made a close study of some back numbers of the Farmer and Stockbreeder which he had found in the farmhouse, and was full of plans for innovations and improvements”(32).At the same time Orwell made sure that Napoleon was viewed in an unproductive and negative way when he said, “Napoleon produced no schemes of his own, but said quietly that Snowball’s would come to nothing, and seemed to be biding his time”(32). He also presented Napoleon in a crude manner when after Snowball mentions his plans for the windmill to everyone, by explaining that Napoleon one day went to examine the plans for the windmill, “then suddenly he lifted his leg, urinated over all of the plans and walked out without uttering a word”(33).The last event to comment on that supported the fact that Snowball has the closest opinion to the author is all that happened after Snowball was kicked out of Animal Farm.

The best way to describe the corruption that happened in that time is to talk about the final meeting that the pigs had with the humans at the end of the story. When Mr. Pilkington commented on how “the lower animals in Animal Farm did more work and received less food than any animals in the country,”(92) illustrating on how Napoleon’s dictatorship was more deceiving than the normal dictatorships in the rest of the country and that it was the strictest.Even though Squealer had always assured the animals with exact numbers that the animals were currently in a much better state than they were in before the revolution. This illustrates that the author was always in favor of Snowball since without Snowball Animal Farm just turned back into a much worse and much more cruel Manor Farm. One would conclude that snowball is the closest character in thought towards George Orwell because of four things.One, because it is common knowledge that Orwell was in support of Trotsky who was represented by Snowball in the story, two, old Major’s speech was shown in a very glorious and adoring way which was Snowball’s belief on old Major’s teachings, three, the names and descriptions of the characters reveals the way that Orwell felt towards them, and four, the series of events in the story were presented in a way that was in favor of Snowball.

It is one’s belief that if it were George’s choice he would have given Snowball the power instead of Napoleon and then Snowball may have not abused his power the same way that Napoleon did.

Graduation Speech college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

He would make sure I wouldn’t embarrass myself, help me with my homework and, of course, kept me safe in Virginia, Washington DC and New York. If it weren’t for him, I’m sure that I’d still be on a subway, wondering when to get off. Thanks for all your help, guidance and support Mr. Bretz. During the three years I’ve been in Brighton, I had three science teachers. Needless to say though, Mrs. Ashenburg is the best. She constantly makes science fun and exciting. It’s fun to look forward to her class and wonder what surprises she would give to us.

Thanks Mrs. Ashenburg, you are the best science teacher I’ve ever had. Ms. West, you are one awesome, awesome, awesome math teacher. You make math so easy to learn and understand. It is truly amazing how you make math fun and exciting with your projects. Thanks for making math fun and for your service in the military. When I was in a different school, my dislike for language arts soon became hate, but once Mrs. Flegenheimer stepped into my life, my hate instantly became love. Thanks to Mrs. Flegenheimer, I now love Language Arts.

As you all know, my English is fluent. As some of you know, I speak Mandarin Chinese Fluently. Two languages was already good enough for me, but when I met Senorita Rosa, she was kind enough to give me a chance to teach me a third language: Spanish. A new language is a new door to the planet, a new culture, new religions, more chances to express the mind. Senorita Rosa knew this, and she knew this well because when she taught the language, she didn’t just give us tests and vocabulary lists; she gave us culture, fun projects and even Spanish food.

Thanks for all you’ve done for us Senorita Rosa. Now, I wouldn’t have gone to Brighton if it weren’t for my parents. They sacrificed so much for me; I just can’t describe my gratitude on paper or in words. Thanks to you, I now have a great foundation, the only thing to do is to go into the future into Edmond Woodway’s IB Program, and I’ll see you guys when I continue to grow and explore the world of math, Spanish, Science and Cultures.

Philip of Macedon rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

Once he returned to Macedonia he instantly set out in helping his brother Perdiccas (who at that time was the king of Macedon) to strengthen the Macedonian Army. Philip of Macedon had taken the throne in 359 BC after the death of Philips older brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III after they were killed in trying to free north west Macedonia against the Illyrians. Macedonia was in one of the most difficult times since the country was almost at the edge of collapse and the neighbours of Greece ready to put an end to the country’s existence.

Even though Philip was in this immense danger, he did not give up on his country. He removed threats which were internal and secured safety of his kingdom by firmly establishing himself on the throne. He had persuaded the Thracian king with gifts to kill the first pretender to the throne and he defeated the second pretender who was supported by the Greek power of Athens in a battle. He also had made a treaty with the Athenians to hand over the city, Amphipolis to the Macedonians which was on the coast of the country. Within two decades, Philip of Macedon changed the face of Greece.

The Greeks of the city states considered the Macedonians to be uncivilised, but in 20 years Philip had united and transformed them into the most respectable and feared military machine Greece had ever seen. But the key to his new professional army was a core of engineers which Philip organised to design a build new instruments and machines of war. The Macedonian were going to show and invasion which changed forever how wars were going to be fought and won. In 356 the Philips Macedonian army had attacked and captured the Greek city Potidaea.

While Athens was preparing to send force north, Philip invaded Pydna which was another Greek colony which was on the coast of Macedonia. In 357 the Greek city of Methone which was not far from Pydna, surrendered to the Macedonians and the city was re-founded as a Macedonian city. In 352 BC, Philip had invaded Northern Greece. He defeated Thessaly and all his enemies and by 352 he was in a fixed position and in control of the Northern Greek region. Philip of Macedon had returned to Macedonia once he completed the invasion of Northern Greece. He then began to prepare the remove all of the remaining Greek colonies on Macedonian grounds.

In 348 BC the Macedonians attacked the Chalcidice peninsula and defeated the city of Olynthus. All cities which were take over in the Chalcidice were demolished and the greek citizens were sold as slaves and their land was allocated to the Macedonians. Beside the Greek cities which were invaded and taken over King Philip was Stagerira which was the birthplace of Aritotle who was a Greek Philosopher and the whole Chalcidice peninsula seized by Macedonia Till 348 till 339 Philip pacified Epirus, took over Thrace and Scythia which both became Macedonian land.

Philip had gotten into battle with the Scythians in which he had a stunning victory, killed the Scythian king and Philip took 20, 000 Scythian women and children as slaves. On his way home, the Thracian Triballians had attacked Macedonia and Philip suffered a severe injury and returned home with nothing. As Philip was recovering from his injury the Greeks were creating and uniting a big army. When Philip had recovered, he assembled the largest army Macedonia had ever had and marched into Greece. The Greeks on the other hand had created the biggest army since the Persian invasion to fight off the Macedonian army to prevent invasion.

In central Greece, at Chaeronea is where the Greek and Macedonia army met. Greece had 35, 000 soldiers fighting on foot and 2,000 soldiers serving on horseback while the Macedonians has 30, 000 infantry and just like the Greeks, 2,000 cavalry. Philips army had shown well coordination and superb tactics which lead to the defeat over the Greek army. The Greeks, Athenians, Theband and the Achaeans had suffered the greatest loss. Ancient Greek historians consider this the battle of Chaeronea as an end to Greek independence and history. Greece had not regained their freedom until the early 19th century.

All Greek cities had to obey Philip as he was their King and the commander. They were obligated to follow his orders. While at the celebration of of his daughter’s wedding (Cleopatra) Philip was struck with a dagger and killed on the spot. Philip of Macedon was was on the greatest conquerers the world has seen. He had taken over Greece and conquered surrounding cities. His significance to the history of ancient Greece is his invasion in 339 BC of the Greek and Greek land, he had destroyed their independence and they did Greece did not regain itself until the early 19th century.

Business Research Problem narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Business research problem Specifications : 1 Page , 1 Source , APA Style : language Business Research Problem /Opportunity Analysis Prepare a 300-700-word examining a business problem /opportunity confronting your organization that you feel could be addressed through the application of business research principles by performing the following ? Create a problem /opportunity statement ? Develop constructs of the problem /opportunity ? Develop an operational definition from constructs ?

Identify the unit of measure within each of the constructs ? Outline the business research process for addressing or finding a solution to your selected problem /opportunity by using the Management Research Question Hierarchy (Refer to Chapter Three of the e-text , Business Research Methods . One of the main tasks a manager would have to perform is solving the problems the organization may develop during the performance of the work . The manager should ensure that the problem solving technique utilized is scientific and follows logic .

Problem solving styles may be of two types , systematic and intuitive . The systematic style is one that is rational , logical and involves step-by-step processes . Intuitive style does involve developing temporary solutions to long-term problems . One of the main problems faced in the organization is that the human resources do not have adequate skills and knowledge to perform the work . This has affected the workflow in the organization . The staff members are not aware of the means of performing the tasks .

The quality has dropped , and the work is being completed after excessively longtime . Due to this problem , the organization is unable to meet its objectives and goals . The supervisors have to review the work and take a longer time to ensure that the work is correctly done . When the staff had joined , they were trained on how to perform the tasks correctly . However , due to the required higher standards in the work quality , the staff members are unable to meet these standards . There may be several methods by which the organization can solve this problem .

One method would be to have more supervisors who can correct the work and ensure that it meets with the standards required . Another method would be to have a regular training program for the staff members , so that their skills and knowledge could be updated from time to time . However , the most appropriate option (s ) I would suggest would be a combination of both . The organization would have to double the number of human resources who would be performing supervision . This would ensure that that staff members could perform the tasks according to the standards required .

The supervisors can in fact check the quality and make corrections required . The other measure the organization would have to take is to have regular training programs for staff members . These training programs , workshops and simulation sessions should be organized on a weekly or a fortnightly basis , so that the staff can be frequently updated on the required skills . Having extra supervisors would mean that the resources required for performing the work should be increased . This includes human resources , financial resources…

Obama and Mlk argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

In addition, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” written by Martin Luther King’s Jr. was a letter that appeared in the Birmingham newspaper. King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for equality. King and Obama are demanding and striving to defend the desperate needs of equality and unity in our world. It is as simple as listening and respecting one another in order to have equality and unity in our world.

In Obama’s speech he mentioned, “… we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together—unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction—towards a better future for our children and our grandchildren” (Obama 304).

In other words, Obama is stating that no man is an island and people should come to realize that in order to survive in this world we all need other peoples help. In addition, the hope of a more perfect union is close to reality if people would learn to stand up for what they believe in. Another way to have more equality and unity in this world is having confidence to stick up what they believe in.

In King’s letter he mentioned, “One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence” (King 278).

King is insisting that people must fight for what they believe in and truly depict the struggle to achieve equal human rights. King also mentioned that, “We know through painful experiences that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must be demanded by the oppressed” (King 292). Basically, King is saying that the difficult challenges in our all brought within us and that people creates their own future. Although both Obama’s and King’s used very powerful and intellectual words to encourage people that the world can be a better place.

I believe that Obama’s words are more convincing. Although King’s letter was excellent and mesmerizing with the use of different metaphors, similes, symbolic devices, quotations, religious beliefs, and philosophical views that were clear and greatly supported his intentions of creating a land of equality. I strongly believe that Obama’s speech was a lot more powerful, searing, loyal, and a deeply Christian speech is the most honest speech and I can pretty much say that it was a speech that a lot of people have been waiting for.

Just like millions of other Americans, I was overwhelmed and surprised by the strong awaking of Obama’s speech. There was a sense of increasing possibility, which an African American man had a good chance of becoming a president it was speaking about race and racism on national television for half an hour. Such a powerful and thoughtful speech on any topic far exceeds what we have come to recognize of American politics, to hold into the world an issue so fragile and hardly ever approached with honesty is remarkable.

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