Section 10 of the Canadian Charter rights encompasses the process of lawful apprehensions and detentions. The section comprises of three rights that warrant the affected person. First, the violator must be given full details concerning the nature and reason for the detention, secondly, upon the information divulgence; the detainee should be allowed immediate contact with a legal representative for necessary advice concerning the case and lastly, the right to employ court processes to assess the validity of the detention. The first clause is refereed to as 10(a), while the other two are referred to as 10(b) and 10 (c). M.R.’s argument concerning the violation of his s. 10(b) rights is accorded to the fact that he was not allowed to contact the services of a lawyer upon his detention.
A police agent is directly concerned with law enforcement duties like patrols, crime surveys, detentions and other police work roles. Such an individual therefore must possess four basic legal documents namely a driving license, POST basic certificate, and first aid and CPR conversancy. A law representative on the other hand maybe either a law expert or a civilian who assists the police with legal cases through information gathering, sourcing or analysis. The vice principal fits the latter description, police representative; he accords the information to the police concerning the drug issue within the capacity of a civilian. Subsequently, this necessitates the presence of a law enforcer, the RCMP officer within the scene as the vice principle lacks legal power to make the necessary detention process.
Within the school environment, instructors bear the right of searches especially to any form of rules contravention upon the determination that the act poses a threat to the security of other learners or school staff. The searching process may involve various techniques ranging from observation, interrogations or searches on the learners personal items. The Fourth Amendment clause is applied in such investigations to determine the credibility of reasonable expectation towards privacy within the search process. M.R.’s case upholds the stipulations of the Fourth Amendment first through the student’s compliance towards emptying the pockets and pulling the trousers for the drug search as it lacked any form of coercion. Secondly, the locker exploration process was legally enforced due to the assertion that lockers constitute to both personal and school property and thereby liable to student and teacher access. With regard to the locker process, the student did not possess any reasonable right to privacy.
Reasonable searches in schools are defined by the T.L.O. precepts and are considered valid upon the determination that rational suspicion exists within the case. Concerning M.R., the initial suspicion is attributed to the sourced information given to the vice principal from reliable informants. Upon the conduction of the body search that the student allows willingly with no level of coercion, a stack of marijuana is discovered and thereby strengthening the cause for further search in the student’s locker. The process used for the search upheld legal procedures with the presence of the RCMP officer and enforcement of the search clauses. Drug custody with the motive of distribution among the students is reasonable enough to necessitate a search since it holds a higher security consequence towards the other students with regard to their health and educational performance.
I offer accord to the given statement, as the legal body does not categorize locker investigations and frisking activities as searches at all. This is based on the argument that lockers are jointly owned by the schooling institution and the student too, while the body search is justified by the fact that drugs threaten the capacity of the whole school and therefore more reasonable or the wider good. Opposing viewpoints concerning the given position should review the level of threats that can be accorded to bomb attacks as the magnitude would be devastating yet spontaneous checks by the learning fraternity ensure safety within the schools. Both cases should therefore be treated with the same seriousness as they affect the students’ wellbeing directly.
Now, conduct further research and respond to the following:
Present an argument in support of the U.S Supreme Court ruling that a prejudicial error was committed in the trial court’s judgment.
What probable cause could have been used by the police to apply for a search warrant for Weeks’s house?
Discuss if the officers could have used other methods to gain entrance into the Weeks house? Could the officers have lied? For the scenarios given below, what are the legal requirements to tell the truth?
In an arrest
In an interrogation
In relation to evidence that you may or may have collected
Submit your response in approximately two to three pages in a Word document.
Font: Arial, 12 point, double spaced
Follow the APA writing style.
Kinesics Interview and Interrogation techniques college essay helpInterview and Interrogation Techniques
Conduct research on Kinesics Interview and Interrogation techniques and write a detailed report on your findings. Cite at least three references and follow the APA format. You may research the ITT Tech Virtual Library, the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, and the Internet to find the required information.
Submit your response in a three- to four-page Word document, double spaced, 12-point font.
Cite your references in the APA style.
Final Essay Examination essay help freeFinal Essay Examination
1. After returning from a shopping trip with his mother, little Tommy reported, “I goed to the store and eated candy.” Why might a behaviorist such as B. F. Skinner have had some difficulty explaining Tommy’s incorrect grammatical construction? What sort of theory could explain the errors? What would that explanation be? (James, 2007).
B. F. Skinner, proposed the behaviorist theory concerning language development in all humans. The theory suggests that language is learnt and developed through operant conditioning. Through this, the person learns language by imitating those around him. Following this theory would suggest that little Tommy has difficulty with making proper grammatical construction probably because the parents also have the same problem. Another reason is that the boy is being raised in a society that uses the same deficient grammatical construction. The reasoning is that little Tommy has learnt language through the reinforcement and imitation of his society. This makes it difficult for behaviorists to explain his condition because the proposed reasons are not entirely true.
The theory that tends to explain the errors in little Tommys language is the Nativist theory. This theory explains that all humans have a language acquisition device that enables them to learn and develop language. This device enables children to construct grammatical sentences on learning the vocabularies pertaining to the language.
Tommy’s case would however best be explained from a psychoanalytic point of view. The theory based on the psychoanalytic approach highlights on the fact that psychological difficulties are mostly caused by patterns or significant events in the patient’s present or history. The possible causes of Tommy’s grammatical construction could arise from the possibility that the parents also speak in the same form or most of his friends. This means that Tommy usually learns language by taking in what he hears from around him. The other possible reason would be he does not necessarily learn language by taking in what he hears from around him but taking in the vocabulary and grammatical rules but neglecting or not being aware that there are exceptions
2. Latisha’s history teacher asked her why so many German people complied with Hitler’s orders to systematically slaughter millions of innocent Jews and others. Latisha suggested that the atrocities were committed because the Germans had become unusually cruel, sadistic people with abnormal twisted personalities. Use your knowledge of the fundamental attribution error to highlight the weaknesses of Latisha’s reasoning and then propose an alternative explanation (James, 2007).
The fundamental attribution error explains that persons usually view behavior as a particularly significant factor whenever they are trying to justify or appreciate the actions or happenings that occur in a particular society. This error is exhibited because people tend to explain behavior by taking into consideration the internal disposition of the concerned society. This could be in terms of the personality traits possessed by the individuals, the abilities and the intended motives of the concerned parties (James, 2007).
Latisha made this error in suggesting that the Germans acted in that manner due to their personality traits of being cruel and sadists. She did not consider the external situation factors but only took into account the internal disposition of the concerned society. Latisha ended up putting a lot of focus on the German society rather than taking into consideration the situation under which the German society was acting. Latish also lacked the necessary skills abilities of knowing hoe the particular society was interpreting the situation. This could be because she lacked the necessary material and information that could depict the exact prevailing conditions and situation that the society was living (Weiten, 2008).
This error is mostly exhibited by the western culture where the people put a lot of emphasis on individual freedom and autonomy. This makes tends to make the people groom up to put emphasis on dispositional factors to situational ones. However, this is not always the case because whenever one observes the behavior or acts of other persons, then one is bound to make the fundamental attribution error by explaining behavior by taking into consideration the internal disposition of the concerned persons. On the contrary, one tends to make situational attribution whenever one is observing one selves deeds or behaviors (Weiten, 2008).
An alternative explanation to the reason why so many Germans complied with Hitler’s orders to slaughter millions of innocent Jews and others would probably be because the whole nation was at war that time. During warfare, humanistic attributes tend to be sidelined and the obeying of the set orders takes into control. Most of the perpetrators were army staff who in times of war were obliged to follow the orders that had been given them.
3. Abraham Maslow suggested that “a person who is lacking food, love, and self-esteem would most likely hunger for food more strongly than anything else.” Conversely, the novelist Dostoyevski wrote, “without a firm idea of himself and the purpose of his life, man cannot live even if surrounded with bread.” What evidence from the field of psychology might support each statement? (James, 2007).
Abraham Maslow’s suggestion that, “a person who is lacking food, love, and self-esteem would most likely hunger for food more strongly than anything else.” This suggestion is supported by the evidences made in psychology that deficiency needs must be take priority when satisfying the human needs. When classifying the necessities required by man, we first take into account food, shelter and clothing. These are considered to be man’s basic needs and have top take priority for man’s survival. In psychology, the needs or wants of any individual are arranged or rather prioritized in accordance with their potency (James, 2007).
This gives the idea that although all wants and needs are instinctive and need to be satisfied, some needs and wants have more potency than others do. When these needs are categorized according to their potency in a pyramid, the need that appears at the bottom of the pyramid is the most potent one. In this category, the needs that are evident at the bottom of the pyramid are the basic ones that are also similar to those possessed by nonhuman animals with the most basic ones being food, shelter, and clothing. This theory can however be challenged by the fact that needs are not universally fixed and vary from place to place in accordance to potency (Weiten, 2008).
Dostoyevski on the other hand suggested that, “without a firm idea of himself and the purpose of his life, man cannot live even if surrounded with bread.” This is supported by the theory in psychology that highlights on the need for humankind to have a vision and a hope. It is said that men perish when they lack hope. Lack of hope and purpose in life has been known to be one of the basic causes for the high incidents of suicides evidenced in the developed nations (Weiten, 2008).
4. Geraldo, a second-year college student, is so fearful of medical procedures that he has avoided routine dental checkups for over three years. He has recently decided to seek help in overcoming his fear. Compare and contrast (what are the similarities and differences) the methods that would be used by (a) a behavior therapist and (b) a psychoanalytic therapist (James, 2007).
Geraldo can be considered to be suffering from a condition known as a phobia. This condition is purely psychological and mental. There are a number of psychological treatment procedures that can be prescribed to cure the condition. The most commonly prescribed psychological treatments are behavioral therapy and psychoanalytic therapy. These two methods have varied distinctions although they are all aimed at treating psychological deficiencies (James, 2007).
A behavioral therapist usually treat on the foundation that the behavioral patterns of an individual are based on ones ability or mode of interpretation of the prevailing circumstances, thoughts and feelings. This tends to dictate the behavioral pattern exhibited by the individuals. The methods that are employed by a behavioral therapist usually entail exposure therapy, where the patient is put under the same situation that he has a phobia for. Other methods are stress-inoculation training, cognitive processing therapy. The most employed methods include behavioral activation, acceptance, and Commitment therapy (Myers, 2010).
A psychoanalytic therapist on the other hand would mainly focus on the various factors that would tend to cause the patient to exhibit such behavior. This would include taking into account past experiences that could have had adverse effects on the person and other current relationships and the actions made by other persons. The behavioral patterns could be a form of defensive mechanism committed with the person not necessarily being aware of for protective purposes (Myers, 2010).
The main differences to the two methods are that psychoanalytic therapists would tend to enable the patient to understand the unconscious causes of their phobias. Behavioral therapists on the other hand would delve into adjusting the abnormal behavioral patterns rather than understanding their origins. Another difference is that the psychoanalytic therapist would tend to investigate on the patients family to establish whether the trait is hereditary. Behavioral therapists on the other hand would tend to use symbols, myths, and memories in order to establish the possible causes (Myers, 2010).
ART custom essay helpI’d like you to choose three artworks from your immediate environment. This could be inside
your home or nearby your home (within a mile of your home), to present for our (yours and mine)
discussion and mutual examination.
Only choose examples from your current, first-hand, in person; experience.
These ‘artworks’ might be from your home- like a framed work like a drawing or painting or print or it might be a sculptural figure OR you might choose a work of Public Art. Public Art is simply artworks that are displayed in public- like statues in public parks, or other artworks found in subway stations.
These are examples of sanctioned works of Public Art, and they are mostly contracted and agreed to by a property owner or a public interest, like the City of New York for instance, to be made and the artist is usually paid for their creation. These Public Art works typically include, murals and mosaics and sculptures and paintings found both inside and outside and in various materials, sizes and styles. Existing Public Art projects usually represent a winning entry in a competitive contest that is judged by group consensus as to which design wins the commission. These project commissions are highly prized by artists and the competition is fierce so that many cutting edge, highly original works, within the dictum of Public Art, can be found.
Public Art can also include unsanctioned or ‘guerrilla’ artworks like some graffiti and some performed events both the kinds that are planned as well as some kinds of improvisational works.
All of these kinds of artworks can and are looked at through a critical assessment when enter the public ‘arena’ and that is our task-yours and mine. I’ll be asking you to speak from your experience of all your five senses as well as your thoughts- what you think.
ESSAY FORM FOR ARTS IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY
To direct your thorough examination of an artwork, I’d like you to follow this form and use your words to look and think about the work.
Facts- The facts or basic information include but are not limited to: The artist’s name, the title of the work, the year it was made, medium (materials it is made with), dimensions (its size), where it was viewed and when. If you are viewing art in a museum or many galleries you may find most of this information on a little plaque on the wall and near the work. For other times collect all available information and add to it your further research about the work or the artist.
Description- I’d like you to give me a detailed description of the appearance of the artwork and should include surrounding events when you saw the work. Be like a detective looking for clues in the texture, line, color, imagery, composition, scale, physical context and effects on the immediate environment or the effects of the environment on the work. Include sounds and smells and how you feel. Include a photograph of the artwork you are writing about.
Research- In this part of the essay form I’d like you research and give credit for the information about the artwork or the artist which informs your analysis. This may include museum or galley text materials or internet or library research on the artist’ s biography any history or symbolism research which you’ve found about the work. It is very important that you add footnotes at the end of each entry telling about what you’ve learned/how it shaped your interpretation. Giving credit to your sources by footnotes is everyone’s responsibility and a common part of any research document. Plagiarism is a violation of Academic Integrity Policy.
Analysis and interpretation- Gathering the facts and your thorough description will give you a growing list of tools to approach your interpretation. Keep in mind this question as you take apart and analyze what you see: What could anyone and/or everyone understand from looking at this work? (If and only if you must, you can also tell me what it reminds you of. Please do not use an artist’s statement as your interpretation. Ironically, sometimes artists know less about their own work than others who view it.) Be independent minded here.
Fundamentalism best essay helpName:
Muslims of today have their souls caught between the religious struggle between modern Islam and Puritanism. This struggle also has a political side in that the minority Muslim communities are extremists, they are quite dangerous and fanatical about it, and they therefore dominate the coverage of the media. This group struggles against the majority who are mostly divided along the lines of conservatism and reformism. The tussle is further complicated by Muslim governments. These governments run as Islamic authoritarian regimes and limit dissent in every possible way while using their security and military forces to stay in power. States that are unlucky enough to fail, economically, politically, or both, have repression and they end up forming quite a volatile combination.
Religious conflicts and associated political conflicts cannot be said to be restricted to the Muslim world alone. Several other global religious societies have in recent years, had resurgences. Countries like India, America, Sri Lanka and most Muslim countries have had personal devoutness accompanied by political action. Majority of Islamic fundamentalists and movements have mostly operated within their immediate societies. However, a minority has resolved to violence and terrorism in bids to overthrow regimes and impose their visions of perfect Muslim states (McKenna, 1998).
Similar to all other religious extremists, Muslims who are militants exploit religion, history, sacred texts and doctrines by selectively reading and interpreting them. Extremist groups like al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden lead protests that are aimed at appealing to the grievances that face Arabs and Muslims both foreign and domestic. These issues are like the Russian presence in Chechnya, the American presence in the Gulf, which are foreign issues. Domestic issues include complaints about their corrupt and repressive governments and poor economies. The groups are able to recruit members easily by transforming Islam’s values and norms into calls to arms. This is in a bid to make legitimate the use of terrorism, violence and war. Islam’s values and norms are about social justice, good governance and the need to defend Islam when under siege at all costs.
Another method that they use to recruit followers is to declare that whoever is not with them, whether Muslim or not, is an enemy and should be fought against and destroyed at all costs. This form of warfare has no limits goal or means. Muslims from each part of the world have formed groups that identify them. For instance, the Wahhabi is from Najd, Saudi Arabia. They have formed a movement called Wahhabism that advocates for purging the Islam religion of impurities. Wahhabism is the main form of Islam in Saudi Arabia. The Nation of Islam is another religious group, which is an African American religious movement. It was formed by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in 1930 to improve the mental, economic, social and spiritual conditions of the Black community in America (Milton-Edwards, 2004).
The Hezbollah or Hizbollah is a Shi’a militant Muslim group. It is also a political party based in Lebanon. The word Hezbollah literally means ‘Party of God’. The group was first formed to respond to the invasion of Lebanon by Israel in 1982 during the Lebanese civil war. It is funded by Iran and Syria and its militant wing is regarded the main resistance movement in most of the Arab and Muslim worlds. The group has been condemned by most of the European nations like the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and others like Egypt, Israel, Australia and Canada, and it has been termed a terrorist organization. The Al-Shabaab or the Mujahideen Youth Movement is an insurgent group that is constantly fighting to overthrow the Somalian government. The group mainly fights to impose the harsh form of Sharia law. It wages war on any group, person or civilization that it believes to be against Islam.
Integration – Causal Chains and Strategy college admission essay helpIntegration – Causal Chains and Strategy
Internal Business Processes
Employees good remuneration
Incentives and discounts
Training programs Qualified personnel Job specialization.
Training is an activity that an organization undertakes in order to improve the quality of services in the entire business. This is a very important sector of a business where people acquire skills that enable the employees to produce quality and superior products that can stand the competitive forces of the market. The training program is responsible for bringing forth qualified personnel who will help in bringing dynamic ideas in the organization. Training also helps in the organization due to the changing mode of technology. This helps the workers to develop new skills that will make them flexible and adaptable to the new technology. Therefore, the presence of these qualified personnel help in facilitating specialization of jobs whereby employees divide work according to the level of academics skills and talents.
Internal Business Processes
Employee welfare Good relation Employees’ good remuneration
The introduction of the employee’s welfare in the organization is very vital in enhancing good working conditions for the employees. Thus, employee’s welfare provides the job security of the employee thus protecting them from the adverse economic depression and other financial factors related to the employees’ welfare. The corporation of the workers in this welfare grouping facilitates the good relationships between the employees and the employer because there is respect in the organization. In addition, there is also the development of a relationship between the employees themselves and thus having the ability to influence the actions of the employer. In this case, the employee has the opportunity to get good income as their rights are protected. This way, the employer is cautious in this field thus enabling good environment of the employee.
Customer relations Communication Incentives and discounts
The good customer relation is very vital in enhancing the right mode of consumer dealing with the proprietor. This relation comes because of the good communications that provide good perception of the customer towards the supplier. Therefore, good communication brings many sales that increase the income of the business owner. Moreover, this communication gives the customer the ability to enjoy discounts as the business enjoys the economies of scale. With this efficiency in the consumer relations, the business becomes popular among many people and hence facilitating the satisfaction of the consumer wants.
Loan Balances deposit balances non-interest income
The availability of loan balances enables the organization to accumulate incomes that balance the level of deposits of the organization effectively. The accumulation of these loan balances gives the business the capability to reap non-interest income. This income is vital in the business for funding the emergent activities of the business entity. The core factor of financial stability of the banking firm is to maintain a high profile in enhancing income generation.
The financial measures in the branches A-E and F-J are not the same due to the measures, objectives, target and the initiatives that the business has adopted in the market. The scorecard involves the recording of the financial performance of the business in a metric system in order to be able to analyze the performance of the business. In analyzing A-E, we realize that, in the long-term, the financial performance of the business has tremendously increased with uniform stability that can be used to determine the performance of the business even in the future. The table shows that the level of loaning is less than the level of depositing.
This is a stable way of a bank-operating mode whereby, the operation of the organization is not working at a risk due to the strong financial base of the Bank. This is done through increasing the level of the incoming deposits and by reducing the level of loaning by the Bank. This process tends to increase the level of income of the company because it is discouraging the loaning system through a high bank interest, which is reduced through the natural market forces. On the other hand, the inability to apply the balanced scorecard shows disorder in the business. This is because the business might increase or decrease the level of income thus making the business unpredictable. “This is shown whereby the performance of the business is not foreseen due to the unstable economic factors” (Kaplan & Norton, 2008).
The performance of the business is determined by the level of revenue collection that the business has accumulated. Thus, many processes that do not show the financial structure and the outline of the company are not considered in the financial evaluation of the company. The banking sector is easily evaluated through the tabulation of its deposits and loaning activity. Thus, the more the industry has loaned, the more the interest it will acquire in the end. This gives an assurance that in the end the business will operate at a profit, as there will be coordination of the processes in the firm. The implementation of the goal and objectives of the business should be clear in order to show the purposed strategy of the business towards achieving the objectives of the banking firm. The banking sector should be revived through putting down of standard strategy in order to improve the level of consumer interactions, which is vital for the prosperity of the business. The performance of the business also shows the willingness and the active status of business corporations to adjust to changes.
The banking sector should look forward in implementing the balanced scorecard in order to enhance efficiency and quick analysis of the business performance. This is because it focuses on the key area that concerns the increase in analyzing strategy and results that have been associated with the performance of the business entity. In addition, it identifies the important areas in an organization that are helpful in improving the performance of the business due to the elaborate system strategy. Therefore, for the business to grow and popularize itself in the market, it should have a command in the market regarding the financial strength, which is the key area in the economic development. This entails a strategy that outlines the day-to-day plans that should be accomplished by the company in order to achieve the desired results. In other words, the business should establish plans that are clear and elaborate to show the intention of the business in establishing itself in a certain area or the alleged aim that has been emphasized.
For many organizations to operate optimally within the expected level of standards there should be cohesion or relation between the individual contribution and the entire contribution of the company. This will be clearly focused on enhancing the driving force that will ensure that the strategy is focused on the future. Sequentially, this is done through establishment of sound communication network in the working area. Communication allows good relations between the employees and the customers, which is vital in bringing better results in this case. Projects are prioritized in this strategy in line to increase the possibility of achieving the organizational goals. “The managerial, should also be able to plan for the realizable goals that can either be categorized long-term or short-term according to the area of concentration” (Albright, Davis & Hibbets, 2001).
The balanced scorecard is very important in a banking firm for it enables the evaluation of performance of the industry. It identifies and predicts the future performance of the business through tabulation of recorded data. Therefore, a strategic plan should be established in sequence to control and measure the performance of the firm in the end and in the short-run. This entail the periods where all factors of production are varied with respect to the level of production. Both the internal and the external functioning of the firm should be considered in turn to acquire the desired outcome of the firm.
President Susan Johnson of Futura Industries believed that learning, innovation and growth is the most important dimension in a balanced scorecard. The quadrant lays a strong emphasis on people and Johnson believed that employees could make all the difference in a company. The company believes that employees and the customers should come first. The company uses the balanced scorecard to realize its mission by aligning its strategy to tactics and measures. Some of the company’s goals are primarily concerned with the employees and they are set so that they can improve the competency of the employees while providing them with a safe, challenging and enjoyable place of work (Gumbus & Johnson 2003).
Having the best people for the job is one of the most important resources that a company could ever have. Paul Niven, in the EPM review, notes that having the right people can make a big difference to a company’s success. Much as a company might choose to invest in its products, hiring the wrong people can contribute to its failure. Intangible assets consist of knowing the talented people in the company, who will be committed in ensuring that the company fulfills its strategy (Niven n. d.). Kaplan and Norton note that intangible assets cannot be copied by competitors and they are therefore a powerful source of sustainable competitive advantage (Kaplan & Norton, 2004). Johnsons asserts that the employees are treated as individuals, family members and members of the community. The company uses programs such as Employee Friendly Initiatives at Futura, Birthday Review, Leadership Survey, Certification and a Training Matrix, and the Annual Performance and Personal Development Review. They use these programs to measure the company learning and growth through its employees. These programs enable the management to find out how it can improve the company.
The Birthday Review is personal and the employee gets a chance to talk about the work climate, communication and achievement. The company measures the level of employee satisfaction using a scale of 1-4. The employee answers questions concerned with the work environment completes a written survey on work-life satisfaction and writes a follow up form, which describes the recommended actions, which the company will take so that the employees can see that their actions are taken seriously. The employees also have to respond to the Annual Leadership Survey whereby they point out the different areas, which they think that the people in management can increase their effectiveness, and improve communication between them and the employees.
The Certification and Training Matrix monitors factors such as corporate citizenship, inter-departmental collegiality and cultural maturity. It provides employees with a chance to monitor their careers where eighty percent of the employees expect to move to the next level. The metric also acts as a guide to compensation. Employees’ accomplishments and capabilities are recognized in the Annual Performance and Personal Development Review. The review also identifies areas of improvement. The company measures customer satisfaction by randomly selecting ten customers each month and asking them a series of questions concerning their relationship with Futura. They ask questions concerning quality, fair value of products and services and on-time deliveries. Customers are expected to use a Likert scale of 1-10 and write qualitative comments concerning the questions.
While the company might think that it is doing a commendable job by asking employees’ opinion regarding different issues, the survey questions are many and it might consume the employees time considerably. Intangible assets have several disadvantages. Kaplan and Norton observe that there is no common basis for measuring intangible assets since it means different things to many people. They cannot be used on their own but they need other assets so that they can create value. In addition to this, it is not possible to measure financial performance directly using intangible assets. A company cannot totally rely on intangible assets. It needs to create a strategy, which is not flawed so that it can align its intangible assets to this strategy. Kaplan and Norton came up with the strategy map, which identifies four perspectives. These are the financial perspective, the internal process perspective, the customer perspective and the learning and growth perspective, which happens to be the foundation of the map.
The learning and growth perspective incorporates human capital, which is inclusive of skills, training and knowledge, information capital, which includes systems, databases and networks, and organization capital, which includes culture, leadership, alignment and teamwork (Kaplan & Norton, 2004). The company concentrates and invests on human capital and it does not therefore capture the full dimension of the learning and growth perspective. To achieve this dimension, the company cannot ignore the information perspective, which is especially important in this technological era. The organization perspective includes teamwork, which is an important element in any organization. Much as the company views the employees as individuals and members of the community, it also needs to recognize that the employees are social beings and they need to work together to achieve the goals and strategies of the organization.
Futura’s use of human capital to create a successful organization is not enough. It is the basis of a good business but management should be careful not to put all the company’s resources in human capital. Concentrating on only one perspective in an organization means that the other perspectives are neglected. As noted above, intangible assets cannot be used by themselves but they need other assets such as information. Future can face problems in the future if it relies on the employees’ opinion to create a winning company. In addition to putting value on its employees, the company also needs to observe the market trends and check out for its competitors. It therefore does not make an adequate and effective business approach.
While Google is best known for their search and advertising features, they actually have a multi-billion dollar research and development department that works on technologies ranging from self-guided cars to renewable energy.
Your task is to research Google and discover at least 5 technologies they have developed (or are currently developing), other than the search and advertising features that we are already familiar with.
LLN college admission essay helpName
Admission essay on LLM program
Taking a course in Law interests me because it is my dream to understand the world in which I live. The best way I can achieve this is through taking a closer look at world history and the codes of conduct that govern human beings. Getting a better understanding of the laws that make up the foundation of structures in the society and an appreciation for the thought processes that were influential to those laws will enable me to develop greater insight and discernment. I really want to pursue a program in LLM because I feel that I can highly impact people’s lives in a positive manner especially those who have financial issues hindering them to achieve their education careers. I am lucky because, despite the fact that my family had financial hardships, I managed to demonstrate my talents and efforts that made the government to offer me a scholarship.
My desire to study law was highly motivated by the complexity of the system. For instance, the thought of understanding various fields such as international law, international trade, and the treaties among other structures brings out the idea of complexity. On a personal level, each case is made unique through the parties and precise aspects of personal circumstances. Therefore, all these factors put together make my interests and passion grow, not because of the challenges are present, but because one needs to extend out of the legal realm to integrate issues that are not viewed or recognized traditionally.
The field of law comprises of both simple and complex situations. Generally, objectives of law are very simple and include ensuring peace, fairness, and civil order (Ivey 67). However, law can also be complicated because each case presented comes in as a unique entity, yet connected to very case before it. Its nature demands the capability to go through the extremely ordered systems in addition to its logic and creative way to interpret one’s findings and applying them to the current situation. In my study therefore, I expect law to be like an adventure, since I would wish to take the aspects of life that I encounter that are challenging and enjoyable and make them my profession. It is thus my hope that pursuing a Masters in law will take me to a higher lever in my career and be able to uplift up the standards of the less fortunate.
Financial hardships have affected my grades while in university. However, I tried my best after attaining university education since I had a dream of being a lawyer in future. I managed to achieve this after working for three years with different successful lawyers, who assisted me in getting a License of Practicing Advocacy Profession in 2010. My government appreciated my efforts very much making them offer me a scholarship, further encouraging me to complete my Bachelor’s Degree in Shari’a and seek a Master’s degree. Currently, am a lawyer studying English and planning to start another program in LLM program thereafter.
I have always believed that I could perform better than anyone else believed I could. My efforts have consistently been proven by the various companies that I worked with for the three years. This can be seen from my graduation certificates, and experience certificates accorded to me by Sameh Mohammed Toban & Partners, and Al Khateeb Office of Lawyers and Legal Advisers respectively. I like encountering challenges and this makes me not to let even the slightest chance pass by unclaimed. I always go after what I want and dedicate myself completely to it in order to succeed. I achieve my goals because of my hard work, perseverance, and determination and this makes the legal education institution the best avenue to attaining my goals.
Discuss the physical development of the selected individual during young adulthood. Were there observable changes in growth, strength, and physical functioning? How did lifestyle impact health?
Discuss the cognitive development of the selected individual during young adulthood. What developments in thinking were observed? Were there changes in morals? What possible selves were examined or explored? How did the individual fare with personal control beliefs? What were his or her dreams as a young adult? Discuss the social development of the individual during early adulthood. Were there many close friendships? How did these friendships start? What caused them to grow? What caused other ones to end? How were his or her relationships with family members? How did the individual handle Erikson’s psycho-social task of intimacy versus isolation? Was the person single? Did the individual find love? Get married? Have children? Was the marriage a lasting one? Why did the relationship last or fail? Did the person have children? Were the children planned? How did the individual fare as a parent?
25 points–The answer clearly and fully addresses the concepts in the section. The paper reflects an understanding of the developmental concepts in the section. All concepts are addressed and supported with relevant examples. The answer uses and applies the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
18-24 points–The answer addresses the concepts in the section, but it is not completely developed or supported with relevant examples. The answer does not address all of the developmental concepts of the section. The answer does not use and apply the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
10-17 points–The answer for the section is incomplete and/or not well supported.
5-9 points–The question is attempted, but the answer is wrong or the examples are inappropriate.
Middle Adulthood (Material from Week 6)
Examine the individual’s occupational selection and development. Did he or she settle into one career or change careers? How did the individual come to make these choices? Was he or she satisfied with the career? Would the person have chosen to do something different if he or she had it all to do over again? Did he or she have to deal with discrimination? Unemployment?
What was the person’s life outside of work like? How was the individual’s relationship with his or her own parents? Did he or she have to provide care for an older family member? If so, how did that go? How was the subject’s relationship with his or her own child or children? What did the person do with his or her free time? What leisure activities did he or she enjoy the most? What would the individual have done if he or she had had more free time?
Discuss the physical and cognitive development of the selected individual during middle adulthood. Were there observable changes in growth, strength, and physical functioning? Did the person have any major health problems? Did he or she have a great deal of stress? If so, from what? Did he or she exercise? What developments in thinking were observed? Were there changes in morals?
Discuss the social development of the individual during middle adulthood. Were the friendships of early adulthood maintained? Were new friendships formed? How was the relationship with members of the family of origin? Was the person close to his or her siblings (if applicable)? How did the person handle any “empty nest” issues? How did he or she handle Erikson’s psycho-social task of generativity versus stagnation?
25 points–The answer clearly and fully addresses the concepts in the section. The paper reflects an understanding of the developmental concepts in the section. All concepts are addressed and supported with relevant examples. The answer uses and applies the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
18-24 points–The answer addresses the concepts in the section, but it is not completely developed or supported with relevant examples. The answer does not address all of the developmental concepts of the section. The answer does not use and apply the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
10-17 points–The answer for the section is incomplete and/or not well supported.
5-9 points–The question is attempted, but the answer is wrong or the examples are inappropriate.
Late Adulthood (Material from Week 7)
Discuss the physical development of the selected individual during late adulthood. Were there any major health issues? Observable changes in weight, strength, and physical functioning? Were there issues or changes in sleep patterns?
Discuss the cognitive development of the selected individual during late adulthood. What changes in memory, attention, and processing speed were observed? Did any issues with depression, anxiety, dementia, or so forth develop?
Discuss the social development of the individual during late adulthood. What role did siblings play (if applicable)? What was his or her relationship with them like? Was he or she able to retain a degree of independence? How did the individual feel about aging? Were there many close friendships? How did the individual handle Erikson’s psycho-social task of integrity versus despair?
How did the individual cope with the loss of family members and good friends? To what degree did he or she experience death anxiety? How did he or she cope with it? What is his or her view of death? What religious belief does the person have regarding death? Is this a comfort? Has he or she ever had a paranormal experience with a deceased relative or friend (strange dream, premonition, vision, hallucination, etc.)? What does the individual advise young people about how to live?
25 points–The answer clearly and fully addresses the concepts in the section. The paper reflects an understanding of the developmental concepts in the section. All concepts are addressed and supported with relevant examples. The answer uses and applies the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
18-24 points–The answer addresses the concepts in the section, but it is not completely developed or supported with relevant examples. The answer does not address all of the developmental concepts of the section. The answer does not use and apply the vocabulary and terminology of developmental psychology when applicable.
10-17 points–The answer for the section is incomplete and/or not well supported.
5-9 points–The question is attempted, but the answer is wrong or the examples are inappropriate.
Introduction and conclusion, APA style, references, spelling, grammar, and so forth
25 points–An introduction and conclusion are present, APA style is accurate, and there are no spelling or grammatical errors.
18-24 points–The paper has an introduction and conclusion, may have minor errors in APA formatting, includes at least one reference, and may have minor spelling or grammatical errors.
10-17 points–The paper is lacking either an introduction or conclusion, has poor use of APA format, has no references, and/or has minor spelling or grammatical errors.
5-9 points–The paper does not include an introduction and/or conclusion, has poor use of APA format, has no references provided, and/or has poor spelling and grammar.
STRESS AND COPING best essay helpStress and Coping
Stress has been broadly defined by researchers as a physical, mental, or emotional response of the body, to the demands and events that cause mental or physical tension. It has also been referred to as forces or events that affect our body. In medical terms, stress has been defined as physical or psychological stimulus that could lead to mental tension, or physiological reactions that could lead to illness (FatFreeKitchen.com 2005). When one cannot be able to achieve the demands that one has, a feeling comes into the mind, or when one is under pressure from a physical condition, this could be interpreted as stress. Almost everybody in life experiences stress at one time.
Models: fight or flight
According to this model, stress is a frustrated fight or flight, where focus is on its biological aspect (Changing Minds, 2007). When the body detects danger, the nervous system transmits it to the body, the adrenaline is released to the blood, and it helps the body to work at optimum. When the danger is over, the body goes back to the normal, and the stress is over. However, if there is no signal that the danger has passed, this could remain in the body for a long time causing illness related to stress. The model is an adaptive response that can enable a person to respond fast to danger. This model is important as basic, but inadequate since it explains what happens to a stressed person, but does not tell how stress arises (Mulligan, E.D, 2007).
In this model, the stress is caused by a stressor, and events are not considered as one. The model evaluates the stressors in daily ordinary events of life, and different people have different perceptions of what is stressful. In this model, stress can be evaluated as positive or negative, through evaluating the stressor (Mulligan, E.D, 2007). This model does not recognize that a person could cope with a stressor in different ways, and it gives qualitative ways of measuring stress such as positive or negative, but does not give quantitative measures.
According to (Mulligan, E.D, 2007), “At its most basic, a … field is
a person and everything that is part of the person’s existence: family and friends, the
social and political world in which they live, the historical events that have influenced
them, the things they are currently aware of and the things that are out of awareness.” The field model tends to incorporate the biological and social model, and all aspects of issues that affect people. 5the field model tries to incorporate a person’s past and current, relate them in a way that one learns from the current, as a way to cope with stress, and this can be a continuous cycle. As the field change, one is forced to change, and the change could be a harmful one or a good one (Parlett, M. 2005).
Methods of measuring stress
There are three types of methods used to measure stress; these are physiological, psychological and behavioral. In physiological method, physical tests are done, such as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and galvanic skin response (Nauert Rick, 2008). Urine samples can be used to show level of adrenal hormones. This is a direct method and objective, reliable, and can be easily quantified. However, it is affected by other factors such as weight, gender and activities prior to tests. Psychological method looks into life events, where social readjustment scale (SRRS) is used, where a list of events is made and people rate the readjustment needed for each event. In this method, one can know the things that are more stressing to many, but it is ambiguous since it generalizes events, which not all people may have experienced (jeffstanden.net n.d.). It does not take into account the change that could occur, and personal injuries. It is affected by issues such as cultural differences as well as individual differences (jeffstanden.net n.d.). The third method is the behavioral, where stress is measured according to the behavior of a person towards a stressor, where people behave differently, such as aggression and violence, which could indicate anger over something, hence show the level of stress. This method is affected by the characters of individuals, such as short tempered, who react violently, and introverted people who may not show anger or violence.
Stress and health
Stress and health are quite related, where normal stress that is part of life may not cause health problems, but chronic stress may cause stress related illnesses. For instance, when one is stressed, the body initiates the fight or flight, where, “Glucocorticoids are released. This hormone inhibits the formation of white blood cells, namely the B and T cells,” (Time Management). When the b cells that produce the antibodies are not produced, the immune system goes low. The T cells kills and destroys cells that could cause cancer. When a prolonged fight or flight response occurs, the immune system could be affected; hence, diseases could easily creep in. Since many do not know how to cope with stress, some result to drug abuse that is injurious to their health as well.
Stress and ill health have been noted as being complementary in nature. When individuals cannot be diagnosed with an overt physical ailment, it is always an assumption that stress is the next viable option. In many cases, prolonged stress can lead to physical ailments when the immune system has to cope with a stained body system that does not operate at optimum. To reduce cases of many ailments, stress should be avoided.
Coping with stress
Every person will have some stress at one time, and the harmful consequences will occur if the stress is not controlled, or if one does not have good ways of coping with stress. Some stress causes are normal daily activities that one may not avoid, such as high costs of living, where bills will keep coming no matter what, work pressure in the job place, and having to cope with morning traffic. Some such as death of a loved one, or a bad relationship are common stressors to many, and many other more. What makes the stress bearable is how one copes with the stress, and there are many ways, but the following are general ones in coping with stress.
Avoiding the unnecessary stress can be very helpful, since you do not have to deal with it at all. If one can avoid the traffic by taking a train to job, then there would be no need to use the car, which will mean more stress (Nauert, 2008). One can also learn how to say no to stressors such as refusing to go beyond your limit. Another way of coping with stress is changing the stressor, such as trying to dealing with the problem and changes it to fit you if possible, such as talking to asking a boss at work to change the way things are done, rather than keeping quiet. Thirdly, adapting to the stressor is another way of coping with the situation, such as focusing on the better side of the situation, such as being creative on how to cope with high expenses through appreciating just enough when there is no plenty. A fourth way of coping with stress is accepting the things one cannot change, and leaving them as they are, such as accepting the death of a loved one helps one release the stress faster (Health and Safety Executive, 2007). Finally, having time for procreative activity is good for the mind and body to relax. After a long time or week in work, taking time to have fun with friends is recommendable for helping the body to relax.
However, some people may want to cope with stress by avoiding in different ways such as procrastination, where a person leaves the problem unattended, and takes the risk of bearing it for a longer time (Mulligan, 2007). This does not help in releasing or coping with the stress since the problem remains. Another unhealthy way of coping with stress is substance abuse, such as smoking, drinking too much, eating too much or not eating, acting spreading your stress to others by taking it out on them through violence, anger and resentment, and withdrawing from friends who could be of help to you (Health and Safety Executive, 2007).
Evaluating Effectiveness of Coping
Coping with stress can be measured through taking questions that ask one how they cope with stress through questionnaires, that could be designed to ask what people do in case of a particular situation. This would help one know the kind of techniques they use, and one can know if a person is coping or not since after coping one gets back to normal routine. In order to evaluate whether coping with stress is effective or not, one needs to know the current condition of a person when stressed, to notice changes when the coping methods are used. When one is stressed, their body reaction changes, such as tensed muscles, sweating, anxiety, and anger. In a situation where one is angry, if they choose to release their anger through playing a game, one can evaluate the effectiveness of it after the game to know if the anger is reduced or not, in case it does not, then coping has not been effective.
Causes of stress will be things that we think exceed our mental and physical ability, and they cause damage to an individual when they go beyond limits. Psychological evidence put across some ways that could help reduce the damage, such as laughter, which is believed to be the best medicine. “Humor and laughter strengthen your immune system, boost your energy, diminish pain, and protect you from the damaging effects of stress…. Laughter is a powerful antidote to stress, pain, and conflict.” (Helpguide.org, 2010). Psychologist also suggests that damage from stress can be educed by exercises to keep the body healthy and relax the mind, since there is a direct connection of mental wellbeing and the body.
Crime and the Media online essay helpCrime and the Media
Law enforcement has a high visibility but the public is usually unaware. The public is exposed to numerous crime fighting contents through the media in form of entertainment and the news. The media has created a thick negative perception of the police force hence created movies undermining the role of the traditional police. The traditional police are referred to as unsuccessful in the crime scene because the film industry tarnished their name. The introduction of Lampooned police narrative changed the perception of the viewers (Perlmutter, 2010). The narrative satirized law enforcement and enforcers as foolish; this had a great influence on the citizens. The effectiveness of civilian crime fighters is portrayed when they are paired with an incompetent judicial system. The police take the role of victims of crimes and become active participants of corruption. When there is an incompetent judicial system, the people have no option than to provide protection for themselves. Another factor is that the civilian crime fighters do not have to wait for search warrants when they want to investigate crimes. The civilian representatives just commence on their investigation privately and secretly. Civilian police are again termed as successful because they act swiftly and respond to crime situations faster than the traditional police do.
Earlier in 1990, there was a shift in the police force; the media started criticizing the real police. The media criticized the professionalism of the police force and demanded their cooperation. People rely and praise the police on one hand but still criticize them. When the real police fail to act like the media police, the society rates them as incompetent expressing dissatisfaction. Police characters have become popular. This is shown by the introduction of women personalities in the real police force and in the film industry. These characters are evolving in response to the changes experienced in the political scenario and market needs. The emergence of female police characters in the media has lead to creating a healthy trend bridging the gender gap. The media constructed world of crime fighters is largely recognized in the entertainment sector. This is because the traditional news media did not focus on the police force unless something of great importance took place in their midst. They were highlighted when they were killed, involved in a great scene or when the suffered a great stumble (Perlmutter, 2010).
The media police are often referred to as highly competent in their work since they are often portrayed as heroes. The producers are always trying to criticize the real police. The real police are however, equally competent but their proficiency is always ignored by most people. The police in the media are packed with much energy and they act to the situation with much vitality. Movies involving police characters are usually exciting; they are portrayed as having great personalities as compared to the real police.
The media has partly tarnished the image of the real police through media criticism and the film industry. The real police are blamed for lack of competence. Movies have been created portraying the civilians as the heroes in solving crime cases. This has been so because they do not need things as search warrants to carryout the investigations. The media police are portrayed as full of vigor when acting to scenarios unlike the real police. Lastly, real cops solve real mysteries while the media cops do so to entertain. The crimes are not real and the guns, bullets and kicks are fictions, while real police use real weapons. Civilians and other law enforcement people should not get involved in crime investigations and should do so at their own risk.
2.Argue either for or against this statement and be sure to defend your reasoning. “Reports are written for business executives who want them. Thus, you don’t have to be concerned about holding your reader’s interest.”
3. What is motivation? Why is it important for leaders to understand motivation?
4. How do leaders use communication to influence and persuade others? Think of someone you have known who is skilled in the art of persuasion. What makes this person an effective communicator?
Artist Research Paper essay helpName:
Filipo Bruneleschi is widely known for he was one of the first engineer and architect in the Italian Renaissance. His most recognizable invention is the linear perspective. He was born to a man known as Brunellesco di Lippo who was a lawyer and a woman known as Guliani Spini in the year 1377 (O’Connor & J, 2002). He had two other siblings and he was the middle child. Unfortunately, there is not much known about his early life. His love for architecture started at an early age although his father wanted him to be a lawyer like himself.
Although he is known to have done a number of works, some two famous works are the Ospedale degli Innocenti in around 1419 to 1445 (Battisti & Filippo 250). This was hospital design that stood out with its long frontage in the bending streets of Florence. The other work was Duomo Santa Maria del Fiore in around 1419 to 1436 (Frommel 50), which was a cathedral. Brunelleschi’s works are a shaper in renaissance.
Brunelleschi went with his friend Donatello to Rome in order to study the roman ruins. As it is put, there had not been another person in Italy that had ever undertaken such a task. For this reason, they became the first. They analyzed the styles, methods and structures used by the Roman architects. The physical fabric of the ruins proved to inspire both Brunelleschi and Donatello. It mostly became essential to the growth of each one’s unique style over the coming years (King 120).
The major characteristic seen in his works is that of being innovative and going beyond the norm. In his work the Ospedale degli Innocenti (Ross 150), the design’s long façade in the curving streets of Florence was something that most architects of that time really avoided. Ancient Roman architectural elements are seen in this work. The themes of capitals and columns in classical ancient times were greatly identified with him. His nature being that of wanting to be the first, not the second and definitely not the last really influenced him. This is seen by the way he refused to be an assistant to Lorenzo Ghiberti (a renown goldsmith) in the building of new bronze doors. These were for the baptistery in Florence. Ghiberti had defeated him in the competition because of his advanced nature in goldsmith work (Toman 100).
As indicated earlier, the work on Santa Maria del Fiore of Florence began in around the same time as the Ospedale. However, the dome was dome was not yet defined to many other architects. Great Plans for the dome were made. They were closely based on the Pantheon dome in Rome. Unfortunately, they raised a number of technical difficulties since there is no one in Florence and possibly the whole of Europe who had a precise knowledge on how the dome had been constructed.
However, Brunelleschi who had widely studied the Ancient Roman architecture did not find this such a major challenge. Brunelleschi entered a competition to find a solution to most of the problems raised by many. One challenge was how the building would stand without collapsing. The competition was to balance an egg on marble. He won by giving a blow on one end to the flat marble piece (King 79).
This victory led him to dedicate most of his life to the construction of the dome. He used more than four million bricks to construct the dome. He came up with a new hoisting machine, which was used to raise the masonry needed to construct the dome. This task was also inspired by the republication of Vitrivius. It gives a description of Roman machines used in the 1st century AD in the construction of big structures. These structures included the Pantheon and the Baths of Diocletian. These structures were real and he had witnessed it for himself. He also gave forth one of the first patents for the lift in order attempt to prevent idea-theft. He was also given the first modern patent for his creation of a vessel used in river transportation. As now known, it has since come to be referred to as his most famous work, and as one of Europe’s most well-known architectural sights. In fact, it was the greatest building of that time (Toman 200).
His works can be greatly associated with where he came from. Italians are religious people and especially of the Catholic denomination. This is why cathedrals and children orphanages were what Filippo was mostly involved in at that time. His visit to Rome also influenced his thoughts, his designs and his constructions. His other works also include the invention of theatrical machinery, which was used in churches. This gives us more evidence that he was interested in doing works that had a religious perception in them. The children’s orphanage (Ospedale) is still present even today even though it has gone through a few more modifications (Battisti & Filippo 300).
Today, the dome of the cathedral is one of Florence’s greatest assets, as it draws millions from tourists. Filippo is still highly acknowledged for his artistic and technical developments. This includes the invention of linear perspective. Brunelleschi made a painting of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence with the objective of illustrating how the vanishing point could be used in determination of precise structural shapes. These shapes were with three-dimensional volume. This technique is now widespread. Following Brunelleschi’s invention of linear perspective, the tool was made a standardized method of working in Europe. This tool is widely used in this day, even in the current computer technology.
Until his death, Brunelleschi was still working in Florence extensively even in other works. It is for the cathedral dome, however, for which Brunelleschi is still best known. This architectural marvel is known all over the world as one of Europe’s finest buildings. His other great development, linear perspective, has also come to influence modern artists. Most artists refer to this concept as they come up with their works. This is a further proof of an architect’s great powers. It also proves the degree to which his work has aided in elaborating subsequent architecture and global art (Frommel 200).
His works need not be told about for one can witness to it. A building constructed in the fifteenth century being there today is evidence enough that it was constructed by an exemplary person. Even better still, being a tourist attraction is also an added feather to a cap. His inventions are still being used today even though as technology advances. His works are still a point of reference to many architects today as he was able to cross borders that many though could not be crossed in his time. These two great works are also a good illustration to today’s young architects.
He has also proved that an artist’s work can be greatly influenced b his culture or what he values most. Traveling and studying widely will influence an artist’s thoughts so that it enables him or her to think outside the box. For example, Brunelleschi got his inspiration by traveling to Rome.
Marketing college admissions essay help1. List and discuss the major contributing factors that led to development of modern advertising in the United States.
2. Discuss the role of a brand in advertising.
3. List and discuss major developments in society and technology that have effected the growth, development, and challenges of advertising in the twenty-first century.
4. Discuss what advertising does for society.
5. Describe what the advertising spiral does for the advertising manager that the product life cycle doesn’t.
6. Define the term “brand” and explain what prompted development of them.
7. There is a somewhat simplistic definition for “competition”; however, realistically the concept is complex. Discuss what actually comprises competition.
8. Explain what a full-service agency is and how it proceeds once it has been assigned a new product or service by its client.
9. Discuss briefly the essential components of persuasion.
10. What is a media plan, and what are its key general categories?
11. Explain some of the issues about TV networks and their relationship to conglomerates.
12. Compare and contrast network radio and network television and what they offer affiliates.
13. Provide a brief profile of newspapers in the United States, highlighting circulation, the reader, and the advertising revenues and their source.
14. List the major categories of “outdoor” advertising and then discuss copy and color considerations for each.
15. Distinguish the roles of research for marketing and for advertising
Ethics in Business college admissions essay helpName:
Ethics in Business
The article, “Justice is Served-Ethics in the Workplace” was originally written by Courtney Bishop and was posted by Susan Fronk. Bishop begins by noting the major concerns of business ethics by giving examples of companies that have had problems with ethical issues. She observes that many Americans do not trust corporations to do the right thing. Bishop contends that ethical issues are not always straightforward and that what may seem ethical in one field may be unethical in another. She gives the example of the internet noting that it can be used in a positive or negative manner. She gives five guidelines for dealing with ethical issues at the workplace (Fronk, 2010).
The guidelines for dealing with ethical issues at the workplace are being direct, open, flexible, polite and consistent. Employers should have clear guidelines regarding ethics. They should make sure that the employees clearly understand clearly what ethics means and the penalties for not observing the ethical guidelines as set by the company. Employers should realize the gray areas in ethics and should not be too quick to judge the employees. Some ethical principles are rigid and as time changes; the ethical guidelines should be flexible enough to reflect these changes. Being polite is among some of the ethical principles since it shows respect. The employers should set a good example by being ethical. They should not break the rules as they see fit and they should be accountable for the decisions they have made. They should ensure that everybody acts ethically by meting out punishment to all who do not act ethically regardless of their position. The BP oil Spill, the Bernie Madoff case, Enron and other scandals involving securities are some of the examples given. Bishop notes that these companies did not use ethical principles and they contributed to the sudden interests of ethics in corporations and businesses (Fronk, 2010).
I feel that the article should have had more details regarding the issue. This was especially after the writer began by giving examples of major corporations that have been involved in ethical issues. However, she was right when she said that Americans lacked faith in corporations and other businesses because they lacked ethics. People are attracted to companies that employ ethics. These companies may be doing it for profit motives but the consumer still trusts them because they know that they will do the right thing even during times of crisis. Ethics should are not only expected from businesses only bit individuals are also expected to practice them. Acting ethically might be difficult since what is considered right in one person’s perspective might be morally wrong from another person’s perspective. Individuals and corporations should not ethically just so that they can avoid scandals. They should consider it their moral duty to practice ethic principles for the betterment of society.
This was an important assignment because it taught vital lessons. Ethics should be included in all course units because it actually deals with life principles. As people socialize and interact, they need to act ethically and this will help in reducing tension and conflict in the work place and in life. Ethics teaches individuals how to respect each other. The society needs men and women of integrity and this is especially so in the business world. If I were the instructor, I would certainly use this assignment. This is because it has exposed the students to different issues regarding ethics and they have been able to learn it from a different angle. Classroom teachings might be relevant but in the end, it is exposure, which will prepare the students for life outside school. I would also use this assignment because students have to research various articles and read the one they have selected. This is one way of learning since it broadens the student’s mind.
GDP (you may use the purchase power parity figures)
Per capita GDP
GDP growth rate
GDP composition by sector
Labor force by occupation
Population below poverty line
Human Development Index Rankings – overall and by category.
Based on your research, write a summary of 750 words on what you have learned about this country’s economy. How would you rate the overall economic well-being for this country? Provide your rationale. Contrast two or three key economic factors for this country with the U.S. economy and comment. For example, if per capita GDP is significantly lower in this country than in the United States, what might this imply?
Improvement of Public Safety through Forensic and Survelliance essay help
The main aim of the paper is to check on the improvement of public safety through forensic and surveillance. Therefore, the paper is about some of the various problems that affect forensic and surveillance in the aim of improving public safety. In addition, in the paper there are some possible solutions that have been clearly stated to show that forensic, and surveillance have gone a long way in improving the public safety of the citizens. Moreover, if these solutions are taken into consideration they can improve the rate of public safety by making the streets of our community to be safer. However, this should be done in way not affect the people. Therefore, surveillance and forensics have improved public safety, making it possible for the people to move around and conduct their personal businesses at peace. Lastly, the catching criminals by the police have improved thus increasing the public safety.
Forensics can be defined as the broad category of science that is applied to acquire evidence of something so that it can be used in a legal system. Forensic is usually applied in the legal system for the purposes of providing evidence. Surveillance can be defined as the observation of the behavior of the different people. This is where the behaviors of people are observed to detect whether there is an individual, who poses a threat to the safety of the public. Therefore, their efficiency needs to be improved because they have been proved to work in reducing the number of crimes thus increasing/improving the public safety of the citizens.
The history of using both the surveillance and the forensic as part of solving crimes in America started at around the 16th century. Since America started using them, the usage of the two has been growing and different laws have been drafted. Therefore, the government saw that there was a need to improve the two so that it could be easier for them to catch and convict criminals.
Problems encountered when forensic is used in improving the public safety
1. It is costly: Gathering evidence using the forensic method is very costly. The machines that are usually used to process the evidence in the forensic are very costly. For example, the machines that are used for the collection of DNA purposes or those machines that are used for the purposes of processing fingerprints are very costly. Therefore, for the security agents and the government to use them, they need to spend a lot of money and the criminals they are arresting may be just petty offenders who are not worth the price of the machines.
2. It takes a lot of time to learn: For anybody to become a qualified forensic expert in whatever field he or she must have gone for special learning, it is time consuming. This means that it takes a lot of time before one has the expertise of being able to use it fully. Additionally, before anybody can become credible enough, he or she must have taken a lot of time practicing the use of the forensic study even after the study.
3. It takes a lot of time before it produces results: Usually, before any results could be achieved from the forensic, it usually takes some time. In real sense, crime does not wait for time. When the forensic evidence takes time to catch the criminals, the criminals might be performing other criminal activities. This makes it very difficult for the security agency and the government to maintain the public security of the citizens.
Problems encountered when surveillance is used in improving public safety
1. It is time consuming: Surveillance is the observation of people’s behavior. In order to understand the behavior of a person, one needs to learn the behaviors of that person and the activities that the person follows. This is usually time consuming and some might be very hard to read making it very difficult for the person. Therefore, it is very slow in solving crimes because it can even take more than one year while still doing surveillance.
2. It invades people’s privacy: When people are performing surveillance duties on others, it invades their privacy. According to the American constitution, there is the fourth amendment that applies to the citizens including the criminals where they have a right to privacy. Therefore, it makes the work of the police harder since they are the ones who ensure that there is public safety. This means that it has slowed down justice making it very difficult to protect the people.
Advantages/possible solutions of forensic in improving pubic safety
1. Credibility. The evidence that is usually gathered using the forensic study is usually credible when it comes to convicting a criminal. For example, in case there was a murder case and the criminal happened to live his or her blood in the crime scene, the forensic experts would be able to identify the criminal using a DNA test. Therefore, the forensic evidence is said to be credible. Additionally, this will reduce crime thus increasing public safety.
2. It helps in the identification of people: In some situation like murder cases, the victims might be harmed beyond recognition. This makes it very difficult for the police to identify the body, and how the victim might have been killed. When this is information is not available it makes it very difficult for the police to arrest the killer.
Advantages/solution of surveillance in improving public safety
1. Perimeter protection: When the cameras are installed for the purposes of surveillance, they usually perform that task very well because if a guard were left to secure the perimeter wall, it would not be possible for them keep watch always. This makes it easy for protecting both the people and the property, by making sure that no criminals will come and if they come, they will be caught by the cameras.
2. Reduces costs. When the police follow people as they are observing them, they use a lot of cost like fuel for the vehicles and valuable time. However, since surveillance cameras were installed, it is cheaper to watch somebody from a television through the cameras. In addition, it is very credible because it is very hard to change the video or interfere with it.
Kelly, P. (2007). Forensic science under siege: the challenges of forensic laboratories and the medico-legal death investigation system.
The author of this book is trying to talk about how the reputation of forensic study has undergone destruction in its usage.
Max, M. H. & Jay, A. S., (2010). Fundamentals of Forensic Science.
The authors of this book try to explain all about the study of forensic study in terms of chemistry, biology and physics.
Niamh, N. D., (2010). Fifty Years of Forensic Science: A Commentary.
The book gives a well chronological study of how forensic study has improved since the 1960s up to date.
National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Science Community, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Science, Technology, and Law Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics. Strengthening forensic science in the United States: a path forward.
The book has been able to talk about forensic study and its limitations when it comes to it being used in the courts of law.
Craig, A., (2010). Essential Mathematics and Statistics for Forensic Science.
The book is trying to explain how different forensic studies can be evaluated by the use of mathematics and statistics
Bernd, C. S., (2008). Information systems: critical perspectives.
The author of the book is trying to discuss how surveillance has been affected by technology especially when using the information systems.
Foresti, G. L., Regazzoni, C. S., & Varshney, P. K., (2003). Multisensor surveillance systems: the fusion perspective.
The authors of the book have tried to talk about the usage of multi sensors in surveillance videos in trying to study the behavior of people.
Foresti, G. L., Mähönen, P., & Regazzoni, C. S., (2000). Multimedia video-based surveillance systems: requirements, issues, and solutions.
The book explains multi media video-based surveillance that is currently gaining popularity in the different security firms and by the government.
Hopper, L. J., (2007). Landscape architectural graphic standards.
This is a guide to students who are studying architecture and are trying to guide students on the different architectural designs.
Mukherjee, U. P., (2003). Crime and empire: the colony in nineteenth-century fictions of crime.
The is a fictional story about the security problems of India and it is trying to show that the United States is not the only country that it affected by the problems associated by surveillances but there are also other countries like India who are affected.
Milczarek, J. M. Problems of Forensic Study.
The author of the web sources is trying to give the different problems that are involved in forensic study as a source of evidence in courts of law.
enotes. Ethical issues
The site is trying to air out some of the ethical issues that hinder in the usage of forensic study as a source of evidence in the courts of law.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program. DNA Forensic
The authors of the web sources have explained clearly about DNA as mode of forensic study.
Koppl, R. Now it is official: Forensic science is a mess
The article indicates that, with the exception of nuclear DNA evidence, the rest of the DNA evidences as used to provide evidence does not give conclusive evidence to link an individual with the particular crime they have committed.
Evett, I. W. Bayesian inference and forensic science: Problems and perspective
The article talks about how the application of mathematics especially the Bayesian approaches have some problems when it comes to its usage in forensic study.
Stephens, M. Risk, Security and Surveillance: The Care and Control of People with Serious Mental Health Problems.
This article is about how the mental ill patients need to be taken care off because they can be very dangerous to the society.
Ministry of justice. Public Security Intelligence Agency Activities in 2006 and planned activities for future implementation.
In this article, the government is trying to review some of the problems that are involved in the usage of surveillance as way of protecting the citizens from criminals.
Weichert, T. Current legal issues on video surveillance
The article is mainly talking about the different legal implications that are being affected by the video surveillance.
Bryant, L. Understanding both sides of the controversy surrounding public video surveillance.
The article is indicating the different problems that are associated with the video surveillance.
Wakefield, A. The Publish Surveillance Functions of Private Security
The author of the article is talking about how surveillance has become a key part of the security detail in the department of public safety to their clients.
After the different findings on the problems and the possible solutions of both forensic and surveillance, it is worth improving them because they help in increasing the public safety of the citizens. Without this evidence, it will be like almost impossible to catch the different criminals. By improving surveillance and forensic, it will make it easier for the forensic experts to be able to work efficiently. Additionally, if it were improved, it would reduce the amount of time that is usually spent on forensics. Moreover, it will cut costs that are usually spent on the process of trying to perform justice in the criminals. Therefore, if forensic and surveillance is to be improved, it will save the police and the necessary security firms a lot of time and money.
Lastly, surveillance and forensic should be improved so that they can keep up with the current technology. The machines or equipment being used by the expert to analyze their data are not up to date with the current technology. In conjunction to this, the criminals have become more sophisticated making it to be very difficult to catch them with old technology.
Activity: Ethical dilemma_3
Personal Risk in an Ethical Dilemma:
Provide an example of a time when you took a risk as an employee within an organization because of your ethical standards. Describe what you learned from this experience.
Operations Management-Research report- company Onesteel a level english language essay helpOperations Management-Research report- company Onesteel
OneSteel is a global manufacturer company that distributes steel and finished steel products. The smaller manufacturing and distribution facilities are based on most of the Australia parts. It manufactures and distributes cold finished bars, wires, tubes, pipes, fittings and recycling metals. Most of these products are used for construction, mining and manufacturing other products (InvestMart, 2010).
Process measurement and analysis
The company vertically integrated its business operation in all the value chain starting from resources to steel recycling and distribution. Steel products are rated to meet the required grades. Impact test on temperature especially non-brittle behavior of tube products are measured particularly for thicker parts and welded connections. There are specific standards designed for products especially chemical composition and impact properties (Arora, 2004).
Aggregate planning, inventory management systems and procedures
The company carries out efficiency production planning starting from workforce to products delivery. They use efficiency resources and employ many techniques in production process. Aggregate planning focuses on the actual production of products. Finished inventory is managed by aggregate planning, a procedure that focuses on production, workforce and inventory management. It helps to match supply and demand of the products while minimizing costs of production. In addition, they use inventory control to determine the minimum stock level and maintain customer demand safety. OneSteel uses inventory management systems to determine the ordering, back order and holding costs of finished products (Farrel, 2011).
Location decisions for facilities and operations
The company has major industrialized facilities across Australia and other facilities in other countries such as New Zealand, Asia and other parts of United States. It has varied wide range of facilities in different locations. This based on the decision of nearness to local plant workers and available resources thus all plants were located at reliable points (Chary, 2009). The excellent groups were formed to help the company set up common systems and practices to improve on facilities hence increased output.
Sustainability and pollution control programs
OneSteel Company believes that sustainability is about meetings the present needs without compromising the future needs. Therefore, they reorganized the significance of sustainability to their operations in all the value chain from materials extraction to finished products and distribution to their customers (OneSteel, 2010). The company trains their employees on environmental polices that are directed towards pollution control. They manufacture products that have less environmental impacts to their customers and to the surrounding environment.
Issues and challenges facing operations management in an organization
There are several issues facing operational management of OneSteel industry that includes, first, pollution problems especially from the steel plants. The company undergoes this major issue because it affects the performance of the organization leading to high production costs. Secondly, inadequate technological know how especially on environmental issues. There is lack of knowledge on how to maintain environmental sustainability because some workers have little knowledge on the environmental sustainability. Lastly, poor inventory management systems in determining the company’s stock level and it is contributed by inadequate data analysis.
OneSteel Company should communicate on pollution control issues with pertinent governmental and communities affected directly by the operations of OneSteel. This will enable them to develop policies, laws and legislations that may affect the organization operations hence find the solutions to them. Secondly, they should establish review, documents, operational reports and measurable environmental goals that will lead to sustainability. These environmental goals should take into account the community’s expectations, management performance and scientific skills. Lastly, they should train employees, contactors, and the management team on environmental standards that are appropriate to avoid environmental risks and impacts resulting from the operation.
OneSteel Company is one of the integrated manufacturing industries that have increased production efficiency. This is because the company carries out efficiency production planning at all levels. The aggregate planning helps it to minimize costs and increase operation management. It is location decision for facilities and operations led increased output due to availability of resources and plant employees. The company carries out sustainability in production of steel products in all the value chains making the company to increase its production efficiency.
These photo is comprises many elements that explain about the relationship that exist between nature and the human beings. It is also shows that a mountain is characterized by rocks and cold climate. The rocky mountain also displays a depression and a valley that has a continual rock that gives an impression of a hard ground. The forestry has intensely grown on the top part of the mountain and others have scarcely grown on the slope of the mountain. In the upper rocky part of the mountain, there is a relaxed woman whereby a river originates from her beneath. This lady has been surrounded by rocks from which water flows violently towards the lower part of the mountain. In the background part of the mountain there is an overview of the horizon and the sky with scattered clouds. The weather seems to be sunny because the trees have shadow and also the rocks seem top reflect the bright rays of the sun.
The rocky mountain is very descriptive to signify numerous aspects of life. This is because there is involvement of many characters that relate to the natural features that are important in enhancing life. Mountains are symbols of life because they are the origins of the natural resources such as forestry. In addition, mountains determine the climate of a region due to their intense climatic conditions that are distributed in the entire low sides of the mountain. The mountains are arranged in a style that they form a valley that facilitates the growth and development of the river that provides water to the entire region. The presence of the river signifies life in the mountain for it provides water to the trees and animals that live in the region.
In the upper part of the mountain, there is a necked woman who lies on the rocks as her lower part of the body get immersed in the water. The woman seems to be relaxed in a comfortable posture that shows the ease factor of life. In other words, the presence of the woman in the mountain shows that there is life factor in the region. The rocky part that surrounds her is very hard thus signifying the challenges of life. This shows that regardless of the challenges that face us as human beings we still have chances of living. The other implication of these part concerns the role of women in the society. Life is termed to be impossible without women because other people originate from women. In addition, women have been gifted with the life giving gift of conceiving and giving birth to children. Thus, this give rise to the fact that women are involved in the creation theory. In addition, “it gives emphasis that women are important in the society because they play a key role of facilitating continuation of life” (Rosenfield 1976).
The trees seem to dominate the mountain irrespective of the rocky character of the mountain. In this case, the trees are signifies as symbol of life in the mountain for its ability to survive in a rocky place. Most of the trees are intensely populated in the top part of the mountain and also in the foot of the mountain where there is no dominance of rocky factor. On the slope of the mountain, the trees have dispersedly grown due to the presence of the rock and the violent water flow that uproots the young trees. This signifies that life is hindered by the charisma of challenges that make people to escape the reality that encompass life. Some of the trees that have grown in the rocky slope of the mountain seem strong and healthy. This signifies that people can still survive and endure the challenges of life and hence remain unmoved.
Therefore, this picture explains the elements that comprise life. This encompasses the use of trees, water and woman that shows the element of life in the picture. The mountain symbolizes the origin of life through the provision of water. Consequently, water makes trees to grow and also through provision of drinking water. This picture is important for it signifies the position of women in the society. They have played a key role in facilitating life through the process of conception and giving birth.
administration essay help online freeAdministration
1. If you were the director of the center, what would you do to help Ronnie feel comfortable in the child center?
For Ronnie to adapt to the environment in the child care pregame, I would ensure that I provide the child with the relevant concern in way that he feels loved. In addition, the child environment and surrounding would include many toys that would help the child to experience the home environment of her mother. The closer attendant to the child would be preferably a lady who is qualified in the child care profession in order to make the child appreciate and love the school. Furthermore, the child should be allowed to meet with other children in the program hence making the environment more joyous to the kid.
What would you do to help Bridget feel comfortable leaving Ronnie?
The environment in the child care program would be a prove that the child is in responsible hands thus having the capability to convince Bridget. In addition, the availability of qualified personnel who are responsible for taking care of the child is another factor that approves the program. This would also provide guarantee for the safety of the child hence giving her the comfort.
What ideas would you give to the teachers to help Ronnie and his mother during this transition?
The teachers should show maximum attention through helping the child to realize that there are other children in the school who have been left by their mother. The teacher should explain to the mother that the child need to adapt to an environment where she is not available in order to reduce the level of dependency and make the child to grow emotionally firm in the absence of her mother.
2. How would Roz determine the type and amount of equipment needed for this center?
She should do an analysis of the equipment that she requires in the facility. This involves identifying the importance or the urgency of the equipment that she requires
What criteria should Roz keep in mind when she selects equipment? The criteria for her selection should consider the urgency and the significance of the equipment in the school.
What basic areas and spaces need to be considered when equipping a center? The basic areas the should be taken into consideration are the child’s toys and paper works and recreational facilities for the child.
What resources are available to Roz? The resources available include the school fees paid by the parents and also the shares of the facility.
3. What would you suggest to Mrs. Garcia so that each staff member is able to participate at staff meetings?
She should delegate responsibilities alternatively in the meetings commonly targeting to involve the staffs who are quiet. She should also establish communication skills in order to enable the staff to communicate effectively.
What would you suggest to Mrs. Garcia to encourage staff response to emails, memos, and other written correspondence? She should allow the staff to add other information on their responses pertaining to reasons as to why they do not respond to her emails. On other instances she should also allow them to withhold their identities so that she may have access to the information that she seeks.
What could be done before or after the meeting taking place to enhance staff communication? She should encourage her staff to be talking or giving ideas on the progress of the institution. In the end of the meeting every staff in the meeting should be willing to give views on the issues that have been discussed
4. How would you help parents with understanding the basics of finding quality care? In order for the parents to be convinced, I should establish an advertising program that will deal with people on one-on-one basis. This eases the relationship between the people and the government.
What resources do you think would be useful to parents/family members? The reliable resource is the revision of the fees statement and also the provision of the qualified teachers in the program.
What do you think might be causing the teachers’ feelings? The unique actions of the child may lead to a perception that the child might be sick because a child of four years is usually informed on the Toilet issues.
What thought would you give to the parent’s perspective? I would encourage the parents to seek doctor’s advice because the case seems abnormal.
What approach would you take with this family? I would help the family have access to the qualified health care facility that would deal with their son’s problem. Would you say to the family? I would also encourage the family that their son situation is not unique hence will be solved. This gives the parents comfort which is vital in helping the family morale.
What would you suggest as a plan for action to help meet the child, family and staff needs? I could emphasize on the creation of health relationship between the teachers and the children. This is facilitated through establishing efficient communication in which every one will be free to air his or her views.
Does Europe need a Constitution?
The European Union has law making institutions including the elected European parliament and a council consisting of government officials belonging to the member states. The council and the government share the legislative, budgetary and administrative responsibilities proposed by the commission. The council has delegated authority to the commission for the execution of community law. The appointment of the president of the commission is done by the parliament and the member states that apparently has the power to remove the president from office. The laws adopted by this commission are superior to the laws of the member states. However, Europe needs a constitution to help solve the territorial boundary issue, to help in the establishment of future federal state and the equal distribution of resources between federal and institutions and separation of powers.
The European nation has no clear division of countries. The constitution if enacted will help solve the issue of which countries belong to the union and which are out of the union. There will be a clear definition of where the union starts and ends. It will be identifying the number of countries within the union (Moravesik 220). The constitution will help in proving a clear line between what portions are to be divided amongst the legislatures, the co-legislatures and the executive authorities.
European Union’s legal system goes beyond the capacity of international law. The union’s judicial system and parliament are very effective though they share responsibilities. A constitution should be implemented in order to provide a division of responsibilities and authority. It provides a clear line of how sovereign powers should be exercised amongst different levels of authority.
The constitution lists the rights of an individual and warrants their protection. It helps citizens know, understand and claim justice incase unjust situations rise. The constitution acts as a contract signed by the citizens to offer protection to the citizens and the country and government ought to act per the constitution. Constitution in itself is a fundamental law of a nation that governs the citizens. Its main importance is to direct and govern the nation.
There will be increase of parliamentary powers when the constitution is formed. Parliament rights to co-decision with the council of ministers will be increased (Weiler 54). Areas including home affairs and agriculture will be shared amongst the government and the council. Moreover, the constitution will give the parliament greater ability to challenge draft European Union legislation.
One of the major aspirations of the European Union towards the voting system is to simplify voting rules. The implementation of the constitution will simplify the current system complex voting formula. Solidarity towards acting on situations will be enhanced since the member states are to be called upon incase of tough situations (Riekmann 178). Situations such as if a member is found the victim natural disasters, manmade disasters or terrorist attacks will call for assistance of the member states.
European Union needs to implement the constitution in order to reduce the number of commissioners to the same number of member states. The corresponding number would be two thirds to that of the member states. Working with a smaller number is easier and economical. A smaller number will reflect quick decision making and ease of payment. There will be no difficulty in paying their salaries.
Business and Management college essay help onlineYou have worked at this organization for over 10 years and feel totally unappreciated. You have not received a promotion or pay raise in over 5 years, and you work long days and typically take work home with you to stay caught up. Your supervisor—who you despise because of the way he treats you and because he does not authorize any promotion or raise, whereas other departments do—climbs the staircase in front of your cubicle every day to get to his office. This particular supervisor has been with the organization for over 30 years and can essentially retire at any time, but he chooses to continue to work. You happen to notice that a portion of the staircase is rotting out and you are fearful of stepping on it yourself. You don’t particularly like your supervisor, so you don’t report it to your maintenance manager.
Last Monday, your supervisor fell down the flight of stairs and did substantial damage to his back, necessitating his retirement. You found out that you are being promoted to his position. Your promotion will provide you with a handsome pay increase and allow you to get your family to live in a nicer and safer neighborhood that is closer to work and has better schools. Have you violated any laws by your actions or inactions? Have you made any ethical violations? Explain.
Do you believe you acted unethically by not reporting the rotting stairs? Why or why not?
How would you handle the situation if you were the owner of the organization and found out that your employee failed to do anything or report the rotting stairs?
Do you feel your actions or inactions warrant any disciplinary action? Explain. As an individual, do you feel that the scenario described could be or should be defended with something like “I was owed this raise and promotion because of my ability and time with the organization”? Explain.
Compose your findings into a Word document (850–1,100 words), and be sure to cite your sources.
Deviance best college essay helpDeviance
Deviance can be defined as any behavior that goes against the acceptable cultural behavior of people. This means that deviance is when a person is going against those written or unwritten rules in a society. It is because of this that deviance is divided into two types. The first type of deviance is the deviance against the rules, which are usually enacted by law. The second type of deviance is the deviance of those rules that are not enacted by law like scratching in front of people. Deviance can be either biological or sociological. Biological deviance is when deviance is affected by the medical health of a person while a sociological deviance is when deviance is caused by a community or a society. In sociological deviance, there are three approaches, which can be used to define and categorize mental illness.
The first sociological approach of deviance is symbolic interactionism. This states that the behaviors of different people are traced back from symbols. This means that when the different people tend to defy, they are doing so because of the symbols they believe in. Functionalism is the second approach of deviance and it states that people tend to defy when a system of function is being followed by the different people. Lastly, there is the approach of conflict, which occurs due to a conflict between people and the resources to be shared.
Using the three approaches, mental illness can be said to be more of sociology than biological and psychological because mental illness is a behavior, which its root causes have to be traced from very far so that the diagnoses of the illness can be given. In the article, “Psychiatrist revise the book of human troubles,” the different psychiatrists argue that mentally ill people are not biologically deviance because most them tend to defy the laws because of sociological factors. For example, those people who have obsessive compulsion disorder are not biologically ill but socially ill because they have been labeled by the people. Therefore, they tend to behave in such a manner as the society suggests. It is because of this that mental illness is not biological or psychological but a social problem.
The article also suggests that deviance can be more of functional because when the different routines of the different people are affected, most likely there would be deviance. For example, when the homosexuality group was removed from the manual in 1970, there was a lot rebellion from the group since their functional routine, which they were used to have had been destroyed. Additionally, in the article psychiatrist suggested, those transsexuals will never be happy because of the function they have been given in the society. This means that when there would be deviance, it would not be because of any other reason but because of the function, they have been given.
In deviance, power also plays a great role because those people who have power tend to abuse it through deviance. In the article, some of the doctors who have been selected in the panel to revise the book might use their power in including their own ideologies, which have not been proven true. Additionally, those psychiatrists who have not been included in the panel might tend to defy their decisions because they feel powerful and their decisions should be included in the book.
Labeling theory is a sociological theory where the deviant people behave in such a manner as they do because the society has labeled them to be like that. For example, the article talks about the gay people. This people have been labeled like that by the society because of their own behaviors that they exhibit in the society. This proves that being gay does not mean that one was born like that or it is biological, it is a just a sociological process of defying the cultural norms due to the behaviors they exhibit. Therefore, mental illnesses are not only biological or psychological but they are also in the sense that their behaviors have to be traced from the origin to identify the root cause, which usually is sociological.
Investment and Globalisation college essay helpInvestment and Globalization
Question 6 (a)
Economic liberalization has transformed the commercial sector with regard to enhanced monetary inflows attributable to the heightened level of foreign investments achieved through condensed trade constraints. Various factors determine sites for factory setups in such practices with the first being the size of a market. Investors prefer highly populated locations as this translates into an enhanced customer base and thereby the sales and profit margins that the targeted area is able to accrue to the organization. Additionally, the rate of population amplification within such locations is also considered as a high growth rate enhances consumption and spending elements (Herrmann, & Robert, 2003). Secondly, industrial concentrations within a given area acts a positive indicator for factory allocations since commercial necessities like centralized suppliers, superior infrastructure, workforce availability and resource accessibility are easily attained. These factors enhance the level of economic efficiencies notably in cost structures, time allocations, optimal labor employment, amongst other factors that make the organization more profitable.
The third consideration is the quality of infrastructure within the factory site, with a highly developed area with regard to the infrastructure component bearing a high probability of acting as a location area. Transport costs bear a large share in today’s business world and a good infrastructure reduces such expenditures that can be employed in other beneficial trade dealings. Poor transport facilities tend to be time consuming and this elevates the opportunity costs in an organization (Wattanawisitporn, 2005). Globalization has also necessitated information mobility through functions like the internet in ensuring that consumers’ decision processes are enhanced for higher sales retentions within the available niche markets as this allows for stable expansions and job sustainability. Proximity to the sea acts as the fourth factor with a number of studies drawing a positive association between coastal regions and the intensity of international trade conducted within the same locations. In fact, most multinational organizations align to this function attributed to accessibility and information mobility functions that have led to location choice.
The fifth factor is workforce costs as measured by the level of wages demanded by employees. A factory bears a high probability of location in a region that offers low-priced and reasonable wage levels as this reduces the outlay aspect for the organization. With globalization leading to enhanced competition and rivalry, processes effectiveness is significant for survival purposes. Economic incentives like tariff exclusions act as the sixth determinant in factory locations. The profit function acts as chief motivating factor in all forms of investment and employing incentives like reduced taxes for investors acts as a positive factor for the same. Locations like the Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in least and developing nations of the world are good examples of areas for factory sites as they enjoy trade incentives that are quite appealing to international investors (Ali, et al., 2010).
Question 6 (b)
Foreign investments are beneficial to both the investing and target nations. First, investments enhance the capital base within the targeted nation as the monetary inflows act as an economic injection. The additional monetary supply in the nation of investment is then directed to supplementary production that consequently leads to a proportionate level of returns in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) level. Increased production levels necessitate the employment of additional workers to cover the extra manufacturing units and this enhances economic welfare as employment levels are enhanced (Moran, et al., 2005). As the national revenues increase, the income standards among the citizens are also amplified and this leads to higher wellbeing both on the household and national levels. The increased revenues are also used by state authorities to further economic activities and thereby leading to national development. The investors do accrue a level of output in monetary terms to their residential nations, earning foreign revenue that is partly spent within the target and domestic nations, acting as economic expansion stimulants.
Some investors tend to accord economic venture practices in a bid to attain manufacturing efficiency by targeting areas that accord low production outlays, as represented by the targeted nation. The host investment nation in such an arrangement tends to bear dual responsibilities, as a market and a resource supplier (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2002). With several of these strategies being implemented in various nations, the investor expands the proceeds as well as the market leading to higher productivity and the creation of a competitive edge aligned to the retention aspect. Host investment nations tend to control the employee function with most workers being acquired from the host country for job creation. For instance, EPZs in developing and least developed nations allow senior management to be sourced from the investing nation with the bulk of the workforce sourced from the domestic nation. As both types of workers interact on a professional level, cultural diversity that allows for new skills impartation and healthy idea exchanges is achieved.
Workforce diversity within a globalized economy is a significant asset as it allows an organization to achieve quick and informed market decisions because workers from the host state bear a higher capability of interacting with fellow citizens as a marketing strategy (Lipsey, 2002). This overcomes trading constraints like cultural divergences in aspects like language differences that inhibit globalization. Lastly, foreign investment is beneficial to consumers as affordable and quality goods are introduced within a market enhancing the preference mix and the spending ability in terms of purchasing capabilities. Consequently, this leads to an enhancement of the individual wellbeing in overcoming the issue of poverty.
Defined Benefits and Defined Contributions Pension Plans argumentative essay helpDefined Benefits and Defined Contributions Pension Plans
One of the major differences between defined benefits and defined contribution pension plans lies in their definition. In the defined benefits plan, an employer gives the employee a guarantee of paying him/her a fixed monthly income for life at retirement. On the other hand, the defined contributions benefit involves the employer contributing a certain amount to an employee’s pension fund every year (Bovbjerg, 2009).
The defined benefits are also more costly than the defined contributions plan. This is mostly on the employer’s part. Most of the employees prefer the defined contributions rather than the defined benefit plans. The defined benefits plans are not good enough to enable one live a comfortable life after retirement. One needs to incorporate both plans. The retirement income with the benefits plan can be calculated using the final average method or the dollars times’ service method. On the other hand, the contributions plan retirement income depends on the 401(k) plans and the 403(b) offered by private and the public employers respectively (Trader, 2009).
The investment risk has no effect on the employees with the defined benefits plans. They do not see an increase in their income when the investment reward is high and they do not see a deduction on their income, when the investment reward decreases or affected by inflation. On the other hand, the investment risk associated with the contribution pension plans affects the employees. When there is a good return on the investments done by the money set aside, the employees’ income increases but when there is little reward or inflation, the income decreases (Broadbent, Palumbo & Woodman, 2006).
On the employer’s side, the defined contribution plan is easier to fund and manage. In fact, most firms have done away with the defined benefit plan. On the employee’s side, the defined benefit plan is easier to manage and fund. It is always good because one is assured of a specific amount of income at the end of the period unlike the other where it can fluctuate.
Each of today’s hospitals in the United States has a unique story. The evolution of hospitals is traced to Christianity after it became the state religion of the Roman Empire; hence, the symbol of the cross to represent hospitals some would argue. Whether or not hospitals existed in the pre-Christian time is a much-debated question. Today hospitals are found in Christian nations, Muslim nations and practiced by people all faiths. One would ask why were health institutions established and when
The Creation of the Nations first hospital is traced back to the mid 16th century. In these times, most of the sick people were treated at home. Dr Thomas Bond and Benjamin Franklin are the known founders of the Pennsylvania Hospital built in 1751. Philadelphia was notably a first growing city at that time and its prosperity made foreigners to envy the city. Due to the fast growth, there was an economic balance of both the wealthy and the poor. Mixed races of Africans, Asians and Europeans had disease exchange. The numbers of those ailing rapidly increased with most of them suffering from physical illness. The city was best described as the melting pot for diseases (Foote, 1997).
At the beginning of the Civil war, most of the hospitals were not for profit. Hospitals were seen as a new sense of hope. Professional nurses and physicians offered their expertise. The American hospital as we know it today is a product of these early times. It operated without much money; at that time, their commitment was much based by the need to treat all. The hospital is now four centuries old and still in existence
St. Mary’s hospital in Detroit is also a hospital with ancient history. Dated back to June 9 1845 .Currently under private management, the hospital was founded by four sisters of charity; this began in an old log building. The sisters were the nurses at this time and a doctor named Dr Vlaminck was in charge of surgery and other operations. It cared for the Cholera cases in 1849. The hospital then moved to a new building in 1850. Since it had more space, it could accommodate 150 patients.
The Grand Rapids hospital dates from 1837, at prospect Hills schoolhouse on the site of Ledyard Block. This initiative started as a house-to-house visitation .It is during the civil war that the people of Grand Rapids dedicated their energies to the escarpments amongst them. In 1873, the hospital was supposed to provide homecare for the aged and the homeless. The hospital was later on built on a twenty-four acre plot and later to a much bigger site. The hospital under the title, St. Mark’s hospital, was officially opened in 1890. A training school for nurses was later on established that year. Since then, a number of graduates have attained relevant positions in America (Foote, 1997).
Through generous giving of James Hurley, The Hurley hospital opened first in 1908, having a capacity of thirty-six beds. It later on gave rise to the new million dollar Hurley hospital purposed for public inspection. The Hurley hospital is among the best hospitals in the country today. This includes a school land five-story home for the nurses. Hurley hospital served the citizens of Flint by attending to their medical needs.
These are among the first hospitals in the United States. As seen above, most of the hospitals were built or established during hardships and required the societies’ input to build the hospitals. These hospitals grew from humble beginnings and some are even considered the most modern hospitals in the country. The Regional Medical centre in Memphis, the oldest hospital in Tennessee founded in 1829. “The care of strangers” grew from humble beginnings into renowned institutions versatile. Today large cities have varying sizes of hospitals and equipped with modern age technology and ambulance services. Most hospitals are income generating with the emerging number of hospitals that are privatized.
According to the reading, a strong parental sorrow arises after a child’s death due to the parental relationship a person has with his or her child during their lives. In this connection, the parent has a powerful association with the child. There is the sensation that when a child passes on, a portion of the parent also dies. Consequently, there exists an emptiness in the parent life. Thus, this empty space in the parent is usually said to have been previously occupied by the child. Parental bereavement has been defined by the relation of the concept of grief among the parents, which is associated with the death of the child. It can be described as profound and excruciating, almost inexpressible by words. However, as the parents suffer from the loss of their children, there is still need for them to gather courage and continue with their lives. In anticipation to gaining freedom from grief and pain, the parent needs to find other activities that give him or her courage to face the future.
It is also noted from this chapter that death among the adults occurs commonly due to many cases that are associated with emotional trauma. This strain might be caused by the death of closer friend or a close member of the society. With this effect, the close relationship that people have with others builds on a closer bond that has a great emotional effect once one dies. This is very harmful when it comes to be associated with older people because many people at old age are affected by many things. These include effects such as loneliness and segregation that the older people face. For instance, the death of the older child in the family may cause a great emotional effect on parents more than on the other children that follow.
The family set up changes as soon as a child dies. For instance, for a family consisting of one child, as the child dies the family will become childless. In cases where there are two children, only one is left. In other instances, there might no longer exist am oldest or middle child to the exterior world. The parents enclose the child’s birth classification in a permanent place in their mentality. Hence, in their perspective, the child will dwell in that gap for all time. Other children in the family may at this time try to occupy the space of the child who passed on but they do not successfully fit in that gap.
Spousal bereavement is one of the horrible factors that overwhelmingly bring grief that may be experienced in the human life. This effect occurs whereby there is death of one spouse in the marital structure. Numerous research reports have shown that marital bereavement has momentous physical and psychosomatic impacts for the existing spouse. Modern day culture brings about women and men experiences of bereavement in diverse traditions. The writer uses accounts of individuals who have lost their loved ones and now have to cope with life after death. The great grief that is associated with the death of a spouse may trigger the death of the other due to the psychological effects that arise. However, without much consideration, the emotional tremor may lead to suicidal thoughts by the remaining spouse. This is because the gap that has been left cannot be replaced by any other individual.
Therefore, death among the adults is greatly influenced by emotional dissatisfaction that is brought by the inability to fill in the gap that has been left. Death of children and the death of spouses have greatly been noted to cause other deaths in adults. This relates to the relationship that the spouse had with the deceased. Parental bereavement has been defined by the relation with the concept of grief among the parents that is associated with the death of the child. Whether it is death from a miscarriage, abortion, or the death of an infant, the psychological effects always arise and the parent should be encouraged to deal with them appropriately.
Engel v. Vitale. argumentative essay helpEngel vs. Vitale
Background of the case
Angel vs. Vitale was a case brought to the court by ten parents of students in a public school, complaining about the voluntary prayer that the students were required to recite every morning of school day before classes started. The prayer of 22 words went as ‘Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.’ It was approved by a New York state board of regents (state board of education) in 1951, meant to teach the children good character and citizenship in the students of New York. In New Hyde Park, New York, Union School District No 9 directed that the prayer should be said aloud by each class in the presence of a teacher at the beginning of school day. The parents filed suite on accounts that it violated their beliefs, religions and religious practices for their children and themselves, and wanted it banned. They insisted that the use of this prayer violated the first amendment of the federal constitution that stated that the state should not make any laws regarding establishment of religious matters, which was included in the fourteenth amendment of the New York constitution.
Legal questions identified by court, and their treatment
The issue before the court was on the establishment Claus of the first amendment of the federal law, which was also included in the fourteenth amendment of the New York state constitution and violation of separation between church and state. From this Claus several legal questions were identified.
Interference of the religion
The first question was whether the New York Regents had interfered with the free exercise of anybody’s religion. The aim was to seek whether the prayer suggested a particular religion, but it was found to be free of this since it was vague. The majority decided that the prayer interfered with their region, sighting evidence that, the prayer is said upon commencement of a school day after their allegiance to the flag pledge. The other evidence was that the prayer was said aloud in the presence of the teacher who leads the reciting of the prayer. No student however was compelled to recite the prayer in Regent’s argument. In the dissenting opinion, it was held that a teacher or any school authority had no right to make any comment on the participation or lack of participation in the prayer, and none had a right to suggest how the prayer would be done, either language or saying it loud and even posture. The evidence under which this was held is that the prayer was voluntary and no one was compelled to recite it. A student was free to stand or not to, and free to walk out of class if they want.
Religiousness of the prayer
The other question was on the prayer, which only addressed the spiritual nature of people. Whether the prayer was a religious code was another question that was identified. It was found that the use of ‘Almighty Thee’ represented those who believed in a supreme being; hence, it was religious. According to the majority, the prayer was religious and as such, it violated the constitution, based on the evidence that the constitution did not allow government institutions to take part in such matters and hence, a violation had occurred. The regents on this question agreed to it, on the evidence that federal governments are without constitutional authority that allows them to stipulate any kind of statements or words to be used by a certain group of people in the society on any religious matters. However, they suggested that in this case, the New York state had not violated the constitution in this way, sighting evidence that the national anthem of America in one of its stanza uses religious words such as ‘blest the power that hath made preserved as a nation’. In addition, in the legal tenders, the phrase “IN GOD WE TRUST” is religious, illustrating the religious culture of the nation. With such evidence, the court held that the New York case has just recognized this culture, but has not established any religion.
Arguments from both parties to the case
In general, the parents argued that separation of church from the government states that not under any circumstance will the government be involved in any kind of religious activities, and they suggested that the prayer be expelled since it evidently and clearly violates the first amendment of the federal constitution. The plaintiff further suggested that the prayer seemed voluntary, but that was not the case, and that they had violated the book of prayer of the puritans who came to America because they needed another place to worship. For the regents, they affirm that they did not violate the constitution in any way, since the prayer was not a religion but religious in nature provided for those who did not mind it, and they could recite it if they want. They also suggested that it illustrated the heritage of the nation, and it was just a moral teaching to the children. They used the evidence of many religious aspects of the governments and officials too such as presidents calling for a national prayer day, and argued that the government did not have any reason to hinder the Regents from composing the prayer and encouraging its recitation since the country’s culture is based on religious principles.
Decision of the court
The ruling of the court found that the Regents were in violation of the constitution clause, and there was a 6-1 vote by the majority. It was said that using the prayer in the public school as a recitation by the New York Regents, is inconsistent with the first amendment of the federal constitution because the use of the Almighty God is religious. It was further explained that by placing the power and financial support of the government in a religious way, there is an indirect persuasion of the minority religions to match to the implied religion by the state. Furthermore, it was held that the constitution clause is an expression to show that religion is for the individual and personal and should not be perceived in a civil way. To support this ruling, the court said that assuming that the prayer was too short to lay any danger would be wrong since the same kind of power to exclude all other religions from it could eventually be used to create a religion that excludes all other denominations. In addition, saying the prayer could start as a prayer in school and later to other churches. The decision was not meant to be anti-religious but rather, it sought to assert the separation between the church and the government, and further said that neither sides, the church and government has a right to suggest an official prayer for any particular group. Conclusively, the separation of church and the state is crucial to ensure that there is fair judgment and treatment, since the minority or those who will not support the state’s religious matters will be discriminated, just as the Europeans came to America in the early ages to practice free religion.
Conservatisms and liberalism the decision of the court
Conservatism and liberalism are two different perspectives of interpreting issues in the society, and they are based on principles of freedom for individuals and control of individuals by government. There are different opinions from both sides on matter concerning constitution and other issues. For instance, conservative opinion on the government control suggest that it should be minimal, while liberalism will have the opinion that government should control activities of people such as competition to ensure fair justice. In this case, both views are presented by both parties in their arguments and the decision by the court can bee placed on the conservative view.
In terms of law and constitution, conservatism suggests judicial control with strict following of the law according to its novel meaning through strict interpretation of the rules. On the other hand, liberalism suggests activism in the judicial activities where it is for the opinion that social changes in constitution should be enacted in court rulings, and feels the constitution needs to be changed. In this case, the parents held the conservatism view that the constitution clause should be interpreted on the original meaning where they insists on the prayer being a religious activity, and are unwilling to consider any opinion that suggests a change in the interpretation of the prayer. The Regents are for the opinion that the law can be altered to some extent to suggest that they did not violate any constitution and continue to suggest previous phrases that could need change to include the prayer, and they feel
The decision of the court on the legal questions identified is conservative since it ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, who were exercising their right to control themselves, with less government influence. The liberal view would have suggested that the government should control people, such as using the prayer in school, would encourage the involvement of the state in the lives of the children. The plaintiffs were fighting to preserve the constitution as it is on the matter of religion and state, and the court ruling in favor of the plaintiff is conservative since it holds their idea to be the right one. The liberal view is open to new ideas and changes, and in this case, trying to hold the opposite view of preserving the constitution through being open minded is liberal.
Conservatism emphasizes individualism, and suggests that people should be free to practice their rights. In this case, the plaintiffs are suing to preserve freedom of religions, and strongly oppose having one common prayer, or generalizing the religion as it could result from such influence by government. The prayer is liberal, and does not support individualisms. The court’s decision suggests that the right to practice individual religion saying that religion is personal support conservatism. It is important to note that conservatism supports religion more than liberalism that supports secularism.
Considering that the case was in a time affected by communism, where many countries were against it including Americans, the New York Regents wanted to take part in fighting it through using a prayer that that does not refer to any religion to develop citizenship and good morals in the children was a liberal idea at that time. Conservatism opposed changing of the current issues, especially the constitution in America. When this idea was deemed to change the constitution, the fully opposed, and the court further asserted their idea that the idea of prayer should stop.
Elvis Presley custom essay helpName:
Elvis Presley Biography
Elvis Aaron Presley was born on January 8, 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi to Vernon Elvis Presley and Gladys Love Smith. His twin brother died at birth, leaving him as the only child of his parents. Elvis grew up within a tight-knit though poor family; his extended family consisted of his grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins. In 1948, when Elvis was 13, he moved with his parents to Memphis, Tennessee where he would begin his career six years later after graduating from high school. At the time, he was the only member of the Presley family to have been able to graduate from high school.
Elvis was one of the most successful and famous artists of the 20th century. He is commonly referred to as the ‘King of Rock and Roll’ or ‘the King’ because he is easily the most accomplished and famous pioneer of the rock-n-roll genre (Reece 176). He was famed for his charismatic stage performances and charm. Unlike many artistes of his time, he was not confined to one genre; he experimented with gospel, rhythm & blues, rock and roll and country sounds.
Elvis’ talent was discovered by Sam Philips in 1954 and he went on to sign him on to the Sun Records label. Elvis’ music career was propelled by the fact that he had a versatile voice and flexible personality; therefore, he could dabble in various genres. By infusing different genres, he introduced a new refreshing sound to American pop music. He was wildly popular all over the world due to his charisma, charming good looks and talent.
In 1956, he acted in his first film, Love Me Tender. In the course of his career, he acted in 33 movies and made appearances in television specials. In 1957, Elvis bought his infamous Graceland mansion and moved in. He joined the military in 1958 where he served for two years before resuming his music and film career in 1960. Elvis Presley’s main career in the 1960s was in acting and occasionally would make a soundtrack album. Elvis got married to Priscilla Presley in May 1, 1967. They had met in 1959 in Germany when he was serving in the Army. She was only 14 years old when they met. On February 1, 1968, their only daughter Lisa Marie Presley was born (Moyer 121). They however divorced in 1973 after 6 years of marriage.
In 1968, he made a grand comeback into the music industry. His highly famed comeback was followed by a Las Vegas concert residency and a worldwide tour. During this period, he was at the peak of his career.
In 1973, Presley staged the first concert broadcast, which was watched by approximately 1.5 billion people worldwide (Hallum 47). His downward spiral began after his divorce from Priscilla in the same year. He gained over 90 pounds during this time and became sicklier from his glaucoma, enlarged colon, damaged liver and high blood pressure. Additionally, he abused prescription drugs and drank heavily; this only aggravated his illnesses causing his health to deteriorate further. His drug use began in the 1960’s when he would take drugs to keep him alert and active during the day and more drugs to help him sleep at night. He is thought to have begun drinking during his Army years.
Elvis died on August 16, 1977 at the age of 42. He was found unconscious lying on the bathroom floor of his Graceland mansion. Staff rushed him to a nearby hospital where he was confirmed dead despite attempts to revive him. He died from an overdose of 10 prescription drugs (Gregory & Janice 234). In the course of his music career, he was nominated for 14 Grammy Awards and won three, and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He has been inducted into four music halls of fame.
Response paper on reading about law and religion
According to Gad (27), religion and law have important sociopolitical phenomena that connect them together in the modern law. Religion and law have similar intentions of establishing the consciousness and behavior of human creatures in all areas of both private and public life. In addition, religion and modern law in some cases complement, contradict and are major bodies in creating rules, adjudication and execution processes. They both promote obedience, obligation to rules, leadership and legal ideology as their way of maintenance and prevalence focusing on the strict structure of rules and commands. Religion and modern law are the greatest carriers and subjects of political power because they are the founded forces of institutions, professionalism and social mobilization.
Political power is challenged, maintained and generated through religion and modern law. It is thus argued that, modern law and religion have never been entirely separated since time in memorial. This means that they depended largely on each other to achieve various goals. For instance, in modern legal systems, religion has been placed first place even in those systems that have tried to privatize religion. Currently, religion has been promoted in several countries ranging from Middle East throughout Africa to Europe and in the world throughout. Therefore, religion and modern law has been set to be close sociopolitical phenomena.
It has been argued that, the close relationship between religion and law has been established and modified in the history. There are various religious laws that are natural linked with religion and this includes morality and legality. Human choices have been formulated through scared laws and this has acted as a clear sign of a better faith and right actions representing human –made law of obedience and disobedience. A number of theological thinkers like St Augustine have influenced the western thoughts and his ideas have created a pattern in religion, which aims at perfecting the human society and political power in the “City of God” through faith in religion (Carter 45). It is argued that law without religion may lead to establishment of legal formulations to take over justice. Thus, religion has a vital role that it plays in law because it adds to the virtues that might develop justices as the creator of the essence of law.
Religion has been used as a main source of human rights in addition to modern nationalism and law where it has been utilized by nationalism mainly for political intentions. The strength of human desires and expectations has been reflected through the sociopolitical forces of law and religion. Nationalism and religion were linked together to form a political mechanism that motivates individuals with various desires towards achieving a common public goal. Hinduism has also supported the interactions between the state power and religious as traditions of law. In Hinduism, obedience has been fostered in dharma, which promotes the desires of human being to live in transparent sense of balance with his or her environment. Law and dharma are said to one thing despite the fact that law seems to be extremely strict in its regulations. However, law has no permission to control dharma, but it is supposed to be under its guidance.
According to studies, some problematic issues separate religion, law and politics. However, according to the perspectives of Buddhists, these separations and dislocation do not exist in real-life (Gad 67). This is because, the life of individuals of Buddhist society is strictly religious and it motivates the law to retain and keep complete and comprehensive faith in Buddha. As a changing subordinated set, secular law can only be applicable when it deals with issues of administration. Nevertheless, the separation between religious Buddhist law that concerns with all day-to-day activities and administrative issues under the guidance of secular law is found within the structure of the Buddhist natural religious law. Therefore, it is argued that a state should be under the government of a religious leader, but may not be seen as a constitutional democracy.
This article reflects the ideas of Weber because according to Weber, politics is mainly the allocation of public resources through a legitimate and a right channel. For instance, in cases of poverty, and deprivation, a harsh leadership may take religion as the best alternative. According to research, fundamentalist movements in Christianity, Islam and Judaism have greatly been reinforced in resistance to modernity and to its exclusive secular conception of legality (Asad 56). Therefore, Weber’s ideas show that religion is not up to creating violence since it only aims at reflecting the deepest human feelings and desires.
Religion and law have vital sociopolitical phenomena that link them together in the modern law. Religion and law desires to develop human consciousness and behavior in all aspects of their public life whether private or public. In addition, religion and modern law complement contradict each other in some cases and are major sources in developing and maintaining rules, adjudication and execution processes. They both promote obedience, obligation to rules, leadership and legal ideology as away of maintenance and prevalence focusing on strict structure of rules and commands. According to research, religion is a very significant aspect in the modern law because religion is used in fighting battles against expected heretic aggressors. For instance, religion has been applied in protest against pornography, abortions, free sex among other evil actions promoted by society.
The film largely targets a young audience with the focal theme dwelling on the aspect of courage are the best response to various problems that challenge the society. The setting centers on Alice and her escapade that leads her to Oz as she tries to protect Toto the dog from being acquired by law enforcers. The film incorporates various film elements to accord a succinct message to the viewers. With Alice being the protagonist, she is introduced to the viewer in her timid character to amplify the problem that she faces. Clearly, for her to protect Toto, she must acquire an element of valiance. This seemingly can only be achieved by Dorothy’s visit to Oz where she is expected to battle the evil witches and end the oppression faced within the land. Various filming elements are employed to amplify this message. In the cyclone scene, Dorothy’s valiance is initially subjected as she arrives at the house to find it desolate. The mise-en-scene element offers a precise complementing aspect within the scene as indicated by Dorothy’s movements as defined by the camera view.
Her dashing movements against the strong wind from the gate and into the house evidence her intrinsic fear. The lighting accords an increasing shade of darkness with the intensity heightened with the proximity of the cyclone towards Dorothy’s house. The symbolism therefore accorded reflects Dorothy’s gradual panic and desperation attributed to the fact that she has to face the storm on her own accord. The writer is able to raise the emotions of sympathy from the audience towards Dorothy’s case in the given scene as she sadly walks into the house and continues yelling for her aunt. Her pitiable state is accentuated by her costume, comprising of a simple dress and blue laced piggy tails, to bring out her childish nature and age. As Dorothy faints from the head blow caused by the dislocated window, the house is caught up in the storm and rises without her knowledge. The props in the film infuse and element of realism by reflecting and complementing the notion that the house is airborne.
This is evidenced by the leftward movement of the overhanging photo while the props outside the window move within the opposite direction to indicate movement. The curtains, items on the small table and the beddings move in a ruffling manner indicating the same. As the descent begins, the bed moves in a circular manner and is thrown upwards upon impact to denote the landing. The camera and sound elements are then used extensively within the following scenes as Dorothy is ushered into Oz. The camera is fixed on the door as Dorothy leaps forward to open the door, and a zoom in is used to indicate forward movement from the viewer’s point of view. The sound used in the scene is musical and the chirping of birds is clearly heard as a complement to the nature scheme. The lighting element too changes the scenes to indicate new scenery with the ability of the viewer to see the various myriads of color in the Oz scene. The colorfulness is an imagery of a happy scene as Dorothy finds out later, due to the death of the terrible eastern witch. A camera cut it used to acquire a middle shot of Dorothy that clearly indicates her awe towards the Land of Oz.
As she steps into the garden, the camera pans to the left as wide shots of the land are accorded to reveal the flowers, trees, river, and housing to offer a comprehensive view of the land. A whistling sound is used to denote wind movement within the land as the camera moves. A long shot of Dorothy is acquired as she speaks to her dog concerning the strange land. As she turns towards the buildings, dramatic irony is achieved as a number of little heads dressed with flowers rise to watch her and swiftly disappear as she turns again to face the camera. The conversation between Dorothy and the Witch is captured within a wide camera shot to fit both characters in a pragmatic manner. Lighting is accentuated on the northern witch to evidence her glamorous attire as a queen. The valiance theme is then introduced in the scene as the munchkins celebrate Dorothy’s triumph over the dead witch and this plays the turning point within the narrative as it accords the impetus required to see her through the dangerous land until justice is swerved to Oz.
Narrative Essay essay help freeNarrative Essay
It was one afternoon when I entered into the classroom feeling restless. The sun was so hot and I was sweating all over my body. Few students had already returned from their lunch so I decided to take a short nap. Immediately, I decided to lean on my table in order to sleep comfortably. That time I was in a gym class and students were making noise so I could not be able to sleep well. However, after a few minutes, I was in another world of my own. I started snoring loudly but I was awakened by something that was not usual. It was so painful that I could not continue to sleep. I realized that the cause of pain was due to the pinch and it was all caused by one of my classmates.
I did not waste time. I jumped over my desk and within a minute, I had already confronted him ready to start a fight. “Hallo John, what is going on between you guys,” one of my friends asked me. “It is this fool, ask him to explain to you what he has done,” I replied. “No! You cannot fight in class and yet the teacher is about to come. Do you want to be expelled from school for just a simple conflict that can be solved?” he asked. However, before he could utter the last word, I was already on his neck. Some of the students who had already reported to the gym class started shouting. Others were supporting me while others were begging me to leave him.
“Please John leave him, don’t you see he has started nose bleeding!” Tom, the gym class leader exclaimed. “Can you mind on your own business,” I replied furiously. “Do you know the way I am feeling or you want me to leave him and deal with you on his behalf?” I asked Tom sternly. We fought until one of the students decided to call the teacher. Immediately, the teacher came and he was accompanied with our school principal. I was taken to the disciplinary room while my colleague was taken to hospital. All disciplinary members held a meeting and those who witnessed the fight were called to give an account of what made us to start fighting.
After a short dialogue with the disciplinary committee, a decision was made that I should be expelled from school. It was discovered that my colleague was the one who had the mistake. However, I was judged for not taking the right decision of reporting the matter to the school authorities. In addition, another reason was because it was not my first time to start a fight and it is something I had gotten used to due to my short temperedness. Expulsion from school was one of the school rules hence I could not defend myself because I violated the school law. Nevertheless, shedding blood your fellow schoolmates in school is seen as a big crime hence the reason was justifiable for me to be expelled. Therefore, it is through expulsion from school that I learned the lesson of maintaining moral principles in school.
Using an Ethical Decision-Making Model to Determine Consequences for Student Plagiarism college admissions essay helpUsing an Ethical Decision-Making Model to Determine Consequences for Student Plagiarism
Ermalynn M Kiehl. Journal of Nursing Education. Thorofare: Jun 2006. Vol. 45, Iss. 6; pg. 199, 5 pgs
The incidence of plagiarism, intentional or unintentional, in the professional nursing arena has increased in recent years, as has the occurrence of plagiarism among nursing students. Strategies for cheating have become very sophisticated with the use of aids such as personal digital assistants, camera phones, and instant messaging. Cheating on written papers has also increased. The Internet provides students with ready-made research and academic papers, and access to Web sites on a plethora of topics. In this article, I describe my experience with plagiarism of ethics papers during students’ final semester before graduation. How I discovered the plagiarized work and used the A-B-C-D-E ethical decision-making model in determining the student consequences for the event are presented. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
The incidence of plagiarism, intentional or unintentional, in the professional nursing arena has increased in recent years, as has the occurrence of plagiarism among nursing students. Strategies for cheating have become very sophisticated with the use of aids such as personal digital assistants, camera phones, and instant messaging. Cheating on written papers has also increased. The Internet provides students with ready-made research and academic papers, and access to Web sites on a plethora of topics. In this article, I describe my experience with plagiarism of ethics papers during students’ final semester before graduation. How I discovered the plagiarized work and used the A-B-C-D-E ethical decision-making model in determining the student consequences for the event are presented.
According to Gordon “Mac” McKerral (2004), President of the Society of Professional Journalists:
Only the methods of stealing are new: plagiarism and fabricating isn’t a new phenomenon, but technology makes them easy to commit-and to catch. (p. 4)
The incidence of plagiarism, intentional or unintentional, in the professional nursing arena has increased in recent years, as has the occurrence of plagiarism among nursing students (Cronin, 2003; Girard, 2004; logue, 2004; mason, 2002; Smith, 1999). Yet some authors believe that nurses are often plagiarizing without knowing it (Cronin, 2003; Girard, 2004; mason, 2002). Nancy Girard (2004), Editor of the AORN Journal, stated that many authors believe that copying information from the Internet without referencing it is an allowable practice. Between 2001 and 2003, 10 manuscripts containing various forms of plagiarized material were submitted to Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing (cronin, 2003). It has become a current practice in academia to teach nursing students the definition and consequences of plagiarism to avoid these pitfalls in writing.
During the last semester of their senior year, three nursing students plagiarized the ethics paper required for their role transition course. All students had been verbally warned not to plagiarize by the teacher at the beginning of the course, and a written statement regarding academic dishonesty (Figure) was included in the course syllabus. Although it is true that plagiarism may be unintentional (Girard, 2004; mason, 2002), this was not the case in these instances.
Two of the students copied and pasted many paragraphs of their papers from multiple Internet articles and Web sites, then presented the work as their own. In these cases, the plagiarism was clear. When confronted with the evidence, both students acknowledged the cheating and accepted the consequences set forth by the faculty: failure of the course and the nursing program. However, because the students readily acknowledged their responsibility for the plagiarism, they were given the option of reapplying to the program with full acknowledgment of the plagiarism, completing a course on academic honesty offered by the university, and retaking the course in another semester.
The third case differed in that the plagiarized material was copied from several Internet sources, but cited as work from authors other than those who had written the original works. The citations were of authors who had published articles related to the chosen ethics issue, but who were not the authors of the sections noted as such. When confronted, the student was not forthright in admitting the plagiarism. Over the course of several days, the student had to be shown copies of each Web resource he had used in his paper before he acknowledged that he had, in fact, cheated. Only a few sentences in the entire paper were written by the student and were easily identified.
In questioning the student, it was obvious that he was attempting to convince me that he believed plagiarism was defined only as presenting the work as one’s own. He stated that since he had not presented the work as his own, he had not plagiarized. However, at this university, failing to properly credit ideas or materials taken from another is considered plagiarism. Therefore, the student had plagiarized his paper, and it was essential for consequences to be imposed so he would understand the seriousness of cheating.
Additional factors existed in this case that made the decision more complicated. The student was a divorced father with custody of his two young children. Graduation was days away, and he had out-of-town family coming to attend the graduation. His education was funded by the military, and he had his commissioning scheduled with the military officers. The student had already received his orders to report to his next duty station within weeks of graduation. Yet, after graduation, he would be commissioned as an officer and, as such, would bear responsibility for enlisted men’s lives. If this student would cheat on an ethics paper, deny the cheating, and only acknowledge his responsibility after being shown every page of plagiarized material, what would he do when faced with an ethical dilemma in his nursing practice? Integrity in nursing is essential. What would be the appropriate consequence in this specific situation, and what resources would be useful in determining action? the ethical decision-making model was used to determine consequences for this student.
Identification of Ethical Principles
Ethical principles considered in the situation of this student included autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, veracity, and fidelity. Autonomy relates to the student’s choice of what to tell people regarding his potential delay in graduation. Beneficence (i.e., promoting actions that will be beneficial, seeking benefits that will provide the least amount of harm, and considering clients’ best interests) and nonmaleficence (i.e., avoiding deliberate harm, any risk of harm, and harm that may occur during any faculty actions) are integral as the various decision options were being considered. Other principles considered important in this situation were veracity (i.e., telling the truth) and fidelity (i.e., keeping promises) (Burkhardt & Nathaniel, 2002).
Applying an Ethical Decision-Making Model
The ethical decision-making model selected to determine consequences for this student was the a-B-c-D-E model (Sileo & Kopala, 1993), the intent of which is to make the concepts of decision-making models practical, rather than abstract. The model, developed to promote beneficence when considering ethical issues, is a systematic guide for remembering the key elements of ethical decision making. When an event occurs that is complex and not specific to one ethical principle or another, the event must be thought through carefully and thoroughly to identify each plan of action option. The plans of action are then reviewed to determine the most appropriate action for the ethical dilemma at hand. The A-B-C-D-E components are not intended to be sequential, nor does every ethical dilemma require each component. However, to reduce the risk of missing valuable thinking points when making an ethical decision, it is better to consider more information than necessary than not enough. Using this model ensures each component is considered, thus reducing the chance of overlooking a possible option.
The letters A-B-C-D-E serve as a mnemonic in which a = assessment, B = benefit, C = consequences and consultation, D = duty, and E = education. Because this situation is not the typical client-focused dilemma, the model and definitions have been modified.
The letter “A” refers to the careful examination of all factors, including an assessment of the individual, the situation, and the seriousness of the event. In this case, the student’s emotional state was frightened, evidenced by his defensive behavior and denial of guilt. The disclosure of this student’s cheating has the potential to be quite serious with his commanding officer. The additional threat of failure from the program, which the military had paid for, added to the stress experienced by both the student and me. My personal values and feelings about this situation leaned toward choosing a consequence strong enough to send a clear message that the action was wrong and should never happen again, yet compassionate enough to leave the student’s essence intact.
The letter “B” refers to benefits and includes determining how the student, the teacher-student relationship, and other stakeholders might benefit from the decision, as well as which action or decision will benefit the most stakeholders. In addition to myself and the student, stakeholders included the school of nursing and university administration, the student’s family, the military division that had funded the student’s education, the student’s future duty station personnel, and the authors whose work he had used without correct credit. Additional stakeholders were the past and future nursing students who will potentially be held to the standard of this decision.
If I failed the student, necessitating disclosure to the military, the decision would potentially prevent his commissioning as an officer and possibly his continuance in the military. However, that decision would be for the military to make and was not my responsibility. Nor should it be the deciding factor in the consequence, as there is no direct relationship between my decision as the teacher and the military’s actions. If confidentiality is maintained, the burden is on the student to decide what he will disclose to the military regarding his delay in graduation. The teacher-student relationship will benefit through the preservation of trust, and the student’s autonomy will be preserved. The benefit to the student would be a lesson learned regarding integrity and the pride he will feel when he has completed the terms of the consequence and successfully graduated.
Consequences and consultation, “C,” is the third consideration in this process. The model proposes that the ethical, legal, emotional, and therapeutic consequences be considered. It also suggests that appropriate colleagues, supervisors, legal counsel, or professional ethics committees be consulted, as necessary. The ethical consequences of not reporting the incident would foster a belief that the behavior is acceptable, which it is not. If other students find out about the plagiarism and see this student experience no consequences, they receive the message that cheating is acceptable under some circumstances. There are no real legal consequences of any decision since the university guidelines are vague.
Through careful education regarding options, the student might come to a conclusion that acknowledging his offense will bring more desirable outcomes in the long term. The emotional and therapeutic consequences would be those of telling his family members that they will not see him graduate.
By exploring and educating students about the options, the teacher is acting as a student advocate, especially if it results in a change in the student’s future decision when faced with the temptation of cheating. Consultation with the school of nursing administration and department of student conduct is warranted. In addition, it is important to review the american Nurses association’s (aNa) (2001) Code of Ethics for Nurses with students to increase their understanding of the importance of ethical behavior in all aspects of nurses’, and in this case nursing students’, behaviors.
The letter “D” stands for duty and addresses the question of to whom the teacher has a duty. In this case, I had a duty to the university to maintain high quality and, thus, only pass those students who earn the right to graduate. I had a duty to the military to stop this student from graduating until he understood and acknowledged the seriousness of cheating and lying. I also had a duty to the nursing profession to graduate only those students who demonstrate the integrity necessary to be good nurses. If a student would lie and cheat on an ethics paper, what would he or she do when making a nursing error? Students should be held accountable to the standard established by the Code of Ethics for Nurses (ANA, 2001).
During this step in the decisionmaking process, faculty identify the options, which include doing nothing, failing the student on just that assignment, failing the student from the course, and reporting the offense to the department of student conduct. Weighing the options and consequences of each, I recognized my duty to this student’s future patients and to future students to implement a consequence that sends a clear message that this behavior will not be tolerated.
The letter “E” stands for education. In this context, education refers to faculty members’ and students’ understanding of the ethical principles and codes applicable to the situation. Having a complete understanding of the ethical principles of the situation and following the steps of the decisionmaking model provides a framework for arriving at a decision. In this case, the decision was made to fail the student from the course and the nursing program.
Cheating has become a national epidemic (Howard, 2004). Certainly a university, charged with educating the next generation of leaders, should not accept this behavior in its faculty or students. Integrity should be practiced by all faculty members, and concepts and issues related to integrity and plagiarism should be taught to university students early in their education (Bellack, 2004). Cheating should be addressed when it is suspected and stopped as soon as it is discovered.
Easy, low-cost access to the Internet has provided another temptation for students. Although a search of university Web sites yielded some excellent resources for their faculty in cases of plagiarism, typically they are vague in the area of faculty action. Clear policies on consequences related to plagiarism need to be developed and posted on university Web sites and in student handbooks. Statements regarding academic dishonesty need to be placed on every course syllabus so students are confronted with this issue in every course. Faculty also need to become knowledgeable about the many aspects of plagiarism (ryan, 1998), and exert tighter controls on the work their students’ submit.
Available resources for faculty to use to identify plagiarism include http://www.turnitin.com, http://www.Plagiarism.org/, and http://www. Edutie.com/. one strategy-having students submit their work online through http://www.turnitin.com, an Internet service that searches students’ papers for plagiarized sections-yields papers returned to faculty with any plagiarized areas noted.
Another strategy is to type in quotation marks a 4-word to 6-word phrase from each suspicious student paper into the http://www.google. com search engine. Google(TM) can find any instances of the phrase on the Internet. In every case described above, my search yielded those exact phrases in the sources in which they could be found. Going to those Web sites revealed entire paragraphs or pages lifted, in addition to the short phrases. Although skeptics of this method voice concerns that students are plagiarizing from resources not found on the Internet, this has not been found to be true. Typically, students are searching the Internet for a particular topic, then simply copying and pasting material as they are developing their paper. For nursing students, hospital Web sites are commonly used because they often include patient and staff educational material. Other commonly used sources are government sites, such as the centers for Disease control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.
The consequences for plagiarism should be severe enough to bring about a change in future behavior. Faculty need clear guidance in determining their action in cases of cheating. Aat my institution, the Uuniversity Aacademic Dishonesty statement now has an Instructor Aaction section added, but there is still a wide range possibilities for action, which leaves faculty with the ethical dilemma making a decision that will change student’s life.
Using an ethical decision-making model may provide guidance in these matters. although there are major differences among models, most models work through the dilemma by identifying the stakeholders, outlining decision options, and determining consequences of each option. the focus should always be on the student and what is best for him or her in the long term. When weighing all of the options in these situations, what is best for students is for them to be held accountable for their actions. It is better to learn that lesson as a student than to cause further damage with repeat breaches in judgment.
Existing resources in Addressing Plagiarism
Many universities provide comprehensive written material on plagiarism for their students and faculty. For example, the Duke university libraries (2001) Web site defines the nature and consequences of plagiarism and provides examples of how to avoid plagiarism. Indiana university at Bloomington provides a short quiz with immediate feedback, then presents material on plagiarism, followed by a test. after the test has been successfully completed, respondents receive a confirmation certificate of completion (Understanding Plagiarism, n.d.). the Paul H. Nitze School of advanced International Studies, the Johns Hopkins university Web site offers examples of unacceptable and acceptable paraphrasing, which may be helpful for writers (Guide on Plagiarism and Citations, n.d.). the Purdue university online Writing lab (n.d.) provides several tools for writers, including a guide for how to code their writing and a self-assessment instrument to use with their written work.
Regarding the situations described above, the university had minimal material on plagiarism posted on its Web site or in the student handbook. However, the university does require a clear statement on each course syllabus related to academic honesty (Figure). What was not clear was a policy related to the consequences of plagiarism when discovered.
The events described above were painful for all concerned, including me, as the teacher. tears were shed, and painful decisions were made. However, the result was positive. While reviewing this ethical decision-making model and the final decision, the student demonstrated his understanding of the severity of the offense and the reason for my actions. the student told me he had telephoned his commanding officer and told him that he was not graduating because he had cheated on a paper. Because of the student’s honesty, the military officer told him they would accept him to his next duty station if he successfully completed his coursework. In addition, I told the student that I would provide a written recommendation for him to be accepted immediately back into the program so he could complete the course during the first summer session. He would then only have a couple of weeks delay in arriving at his next duty station. I also told him that since he would likely be graduating within a few weeks after retaking the course, he could “walk” during graduation. the student responded, “No, I won’t do that. I haven’t earned it.” at that point, I believed I had made the correct decision and the student had achieved understanding of the seriousness of his plagiarism.
Statements regarding academic dishonesty need to be placed on every course syllabus so students are confronted with this issue in every course.
Compare and Contrast the Impact of the Media as Presented in White Noise and Network
Technology has transformed human experiences and interactions immensely. A clear demonstration of this is made in the movie Network as well as in the book White Noise whereby the media has created an effect in the way in which advertisements and news become lodged in the mind of the characters. The major aim of advertisement is to manifest the product as an integral part of human social purpose and process. In White Noise, Don Delillo asserts that television has been used as a type of collective unconscious, developing a new inner frame of reference. For instance, Jack Gladney comments at one point about his skin color that has been flesh-toned. The media is very valuable according to this book as compared to Network by Sidney where the media is ready to do anything just for the sake of gaining ratings. Network is a critic to the media as characters try to find all means to create attention by involving the media. White Noise and Network have been used to demonstrate the media’s responsibility in developing simulacra, which is used as a way of altering or changing an event or a concept or altering a certain idea to destruct its original meaning.
The impact of the media has been presented in the White Noise as being important due to its significance in people’s lives. The book demonstrate a concept that the more there is television coverage, the greater the event. For instance, the ex-wife of Tweedy is very surprised when she noticed that the passengers of the plane that almost crashed were all in vain just because there was no media coverage. The people used in the book have been brought out in a way that shows there is no existence of an event without media coverage. Media seems to be responsible for shaping the behaviors of people in the White Noise. For instance, at the event of airborne toxic explosion, the family of Gladney tried to maintain the information reported currently about the symptoms that occur from the event. However, the symptoms encountered by Steffie and Denise during the toxic event are kept aside immediately after they receive news from the media about the encounter with the influences of déjà vu. On the other hand, the media in Network has a negative impact on people in that the characters in the movie rely so much on what the news is, what is going to be reported, and how it is represented. An instance of this is the woman who was an anchor. She was suffering from depression and constantly struggled in her battles with her editor and she barely managed to cope with her working situation.
The media also seems to be controlling power in the characters’ lives particularly when the citizens of blacksmith obeyed the instructions by the television, and they feel disappointed when some aspects of their lives does not rhyme with their beliefs as in what they perceive in the media. For instance, based on what people see on television, they imagine that it can never happen in real-life situations (Bloom 56). This is seen when Jack Barbette’s husband complains that those events occurring do not happen in reality and thus he avoids the thought that the toxic event could happen to him in reality. In Network, the media has a controlling effect on its people and it becomes a way of life in that some characters cannot do without it.
The media has influenced the imaginative nature of the characters thus this makes them to follow exactly what they view from the television. The impact of the media is presented in various ways in White Noise and Network. For instance, Jack tried to figure out a woman in a commercial and she appeared as if it was a real person. However, the media has also been used as a manipulation of the mind of the characters. In Network, the media has also been presented as the centre of people’s lives. The characters use the media as a source of information and it has demonstrated that media is ready to do anything just for rating purposes. The television has also influenced the people negatively by causing the loss of reality. White Noise is compared to static, the sounds from the fluorescent lights, or the sound from a turned-off television but in muted form. For instance, some families are seen to have some form of noise in background either as a radio, or as a television.
The American culture has been explored greatly, and even when criticized for involving a certain list of goods and brands. This list is very important in understating the lives of people in the White Noise. People’s lives are very saturated in media. The ubiquity of the media has resulted into characters seeing each other and day-to-day events as mediated objects and explanations. The movie Network and the book White Noise have been used to illustrate the ways in which the mass media is saturated and its responsibility in developing simulacra, which is used as a way of altering or changing an event or a concept or confusing certain ideas to destruct its original meaning.
Analyzing my Personality
Analyzing my Personality
Locus of Control Scale
‘Locus of Control Scale’ is defined as the level at which a person is sure that he or she can handle the influences that dictate their life. This was Julian B. Rotter` s idea, which was established in 1954. Any person with an elevated inner locus of control has an elevated self-esteem and knows that any situation that he or she encounters happens because of his or her own actions and characters. Those with an elevated outer locus of control consider that any terrible occurrence or any fortuity is mainly because of a situation in life (Lefcourt, 1982). According to Lefcourt (1982), “apparent control is considered as an overt anticipation for inner as opposed to outer control support”. Therefore, it is noticed that those with elevated inner locus of control have a better management of their own actions. Leaders in government are good examples of such individuals. These people with an elevated inner locus of control tend to consider their actions will bear fruit positively since they love the hunt for information and the right knowledge pertaining to a particular situation or phenomena. The survey known as ‘23-item forced choice’ as well as the one known as the ‘Six-filler items scale of Rotter’ are the most common surveys to compute locus of control (Quenk, 2009). Locus of control aims at ascertaining the health psychology specifically in areas such as obesity
My score is an elevated inner locus control, which I am proud of. This is because I believe strongly that am responsible for my own behavior and action and therefore, whatever results I get in my life is because of myself. I believe that all the outcomes whether in academic achievement or in relationships are because of my own abilities and efforts that I put in so that I may achieve my set goals.
For me to achieve this elevated inner locus control scale, I engage myself in various activities that I know are going to make some improvements in my life. For instance, if I want to lose weight, then that means a healthy diet, physical exercises, and avoiding using drugs that may affect my health. If it is academic achievements, then I put in more effort in my studies by completing all my assignments in time and revising carefully for the final exams. Secondly, I emphasize more on working hard to achieve my goals, and this is through seeking more information on certain issues and attending training so that I can develop my skills and abilities in various fields. In addition, I like being involved in mind-enhancing activities that leave me with a quest to understand events especially when they go against the norm.
Changing my Locus of Control
In order for me to improve in my weak areas, I intend to become more active especially in terms of gaining knowledge in various fields, working harder, setting goals in my life and making the right choices by myself. In addition, I should seek assistance from people who are well versed with life situations and accepting challenges because they make me learn and be stronger. By improving these areas, I believe I will attain an elevated inner locus control.
The Myer-Briggs Type Indicator Test
The Myer-Briggs Type Indicator Test is an evaluation questionnaire, established to measure psychological likes and dislikes as to how individuals attain information and clarity as well as how they handle overt situations around them. This instrument was produced largely by Carl Gustav Jung in 1921 (Rowan, 1997). Either this test illustrates that people are naturally with, or get trained in particular manner of thinking and behaving. Carl’s typological model illustrates psychological distinctions.
My Personality Type
Personality types are always referred to by abbreviations of four letters. For instance, ESTJ means Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, and Judgment. Another one includes INFP, which means Introversion, Intuition, Feeling and Perception (Quenk, 2009).
From a personal perspective, my type is INFP meaning Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Perception. I agree with my overall personality profile because it describes who I am. For instance, I like to draw energy from my behaviors; I act, reconsider, and then act even more until the best results required have been realized.
I am true to the category of my personality as is demonstrated in being loyal to my values and to the people close to me, as well as being idealistic. In addition, I value assisting people by being understanding so that they can meet their potential. Moreover, I like being flexible at my place of work, and I keep a keen eye on the happenings around me at all times.
Changing my Personality Type
In order for me to make a positive change that enhances what my personality is, I would have to develop a positive attitude so that I can help many people achieve their goals through understanding them fully. I also have to implement my character more actively, including seeking insight into both what I understand as well as those that spark an interest and which I need more information on. I also need to adapt better irrespective of the phenomena I face on a daily basis. Being goal oriented is also a plus, as it enhances my inquisitive nature to become an improved individual in all aspects of my life.
Locus of control scale
My score is 31 meaning that my internal locus of control is moderate. My score is not bad although I need to add more efforts to achieve a strong locus of control in my life. I engage in various activities in my daily life hence my score. These activities include helping people in various issues, being loyal, I strive hard to achieve my goals, am very inquisitive, and I like taking notes for future reference. Therefore, to improve on my score, I need to set goals for myself, develop my skills in decision making processes, and paying great attention to my attitude.
Myer-Briggs Indicator Type Test (Including Answers)
1. Socializing and talking to people energizes me.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
2. I feel uncomfortable at social events where I do not know many people, but I enjoy talking one-on-one with someone I have a connection with.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
3. Generally I am a practical, realistic, and matter-of-fact type person.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
4. It can be hard for me to stay focused on the present because I often speculate about several ideas at once.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
5. I value my ability to think and make decisions logically and clearly.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
6. I value my ability to be empathetic and compassionate.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
7. I dislike having things undecided.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
8. I am relatively easygoing, adaptable, and flexible. When there are last-minute changes, I just adapt to them.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
9. I am relatively easy to get to know and most people find me friendly, outgoing, and enthusiastic.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
10. I like to spend a lot of time alone.
Rarely or Never Sometimes Almost Always
Myer-Briggs Personality Profile
I am social and outgoing. I prefer the outer world: people, activities, and things. Other people provide me with a mirror, sounding board to help me develop ideas and plans. Being alone may sap my energies.
The four letters of my profile shows that am an extrovert/sensing /thinking/judging. This means that am outgoing, energetic and reliable. I like taking the role of the leader. Considering my well-developed organizational skills and abilities to implement successful policies and procedures, the leader role is perfect for me.
Mercer Dictionary of the Bible, Waston E. Mills, gen. Ed
The bible dictionary is a dictionary about the deuterocanonical/apocryphal books. Mainly it comprises about the articles involving all the topics as interpreted by the Bible. The book is very well organized where the different names of people in the bible are arranged alphabetically. Additionally, the names are systematically arranged to match with the articles, which are there. These articles are written by different authors where a Watson E. Mills, is the main author of the bible dictionary. The book also contains some pictures and maps, which have been used to explain the different articles that are in it.
Article 1: Baal
In the book, there is an article about Baal. He is a Canaanite fertility god. The word had several meanings and it was very different to differentiate the different meanings when used. It also meant ownership of something like a piece of land. However, the most common meaning of the word was used to refer to the many gods of that time. In addition to this, he was seen as one of the powerful god by the Canaanites especially when he encountered with the monster and defeated it. At first, he was defeated and sent to the underworld only later to reappear and defeat the giant. When he reappeared, the rains came and the lands became fertile. This was the main reason as to why Baal was called the fertility God. He was worshipped by many but Prophet Elisha proved that Baal was nothing.
The author of this article is LaMoine DeVries who is a professor of Religious studies. He is interested in biblical studies.
One thing I have learned about the article is that the Lord is the God that is to be worshipped because despite the many triumphs that Baal had, he was defeated by God through Prophet Elisha. This means that God can do much greater things than Baal can because He defeated Baal only the first and last time. Therefore, we have only God.
Article 2: Calf, Golden
The article is talking about a certain god that was being created by the Egyptians in the form of a goddess. It was in the shape of a lion like animal. The most remembered kind of this god was the one that was built by the Israelites at Mount Sinai when Moses had gone to get the Ten Commandments. Another incident when this calf god was seen is when Jeroboam became king. He dedicated them by using the same words that were used by Aaron.
The author of this article is Lloyd R. Bailey who was first an engineer who turns into biblical teachings.
One of the main teachings that I have also learned from this article is the story of Jeroboam, which I did not know. Additionally, the story of Moses where God prevailed to be the only God after the calf was destroyed. Besides Him being a forgiving God, I have also learned the he can also punish because he punished those who worshipped other gods. Therefore, God is forgiving and He prevails among all.
Article 3: Genesis first book of the Bible
This is the first book of the Bible, which is a collection of five books. The book is divided into two parts where one of the parts is Genesis 1-11. This part is concerned with the story of the world and humanity. This is a major section of the Bible, which shows how the human nature came into being. The second part of the Bible is a story that shows the relationship between the world and God. It also shows how sin came into being. The main essence of this book is to show the work of God.
The author of this book is Margaret D. Bratcher who is a teacher who teaches the different teachings in the bible to her students.
What I have learned about this article is the relation between God and the human beings, and where the difference between right and wrong came into being. The relation started when man was created. Since man was bored, God so it as a necessity to create a woman for him. However, when man betrayed God, he had to be punished.
Comparative essay essay helpName:
In case of the story, “the picture”, which has been written differently by three women there are several issues, which could be compared. They could be compared to show how the women live and how the society views them. The first story, “the picture” by Leila Al-Uthman, is about a woman who is at the age of forty-five and is having the craving of cheating on her husband. The second story, “the picture” by Latifa Al-Zayyat, is about a woman who is on vacation in a hotel with her husband and child. She notices the way her husband is flatting with other women in front of her. The third story, “the picture,” by Nawal Al-Saadawi, is about a young woman who has realized that her body is growing and compares herself with the house help. However, she surprised to see her father having sex with the house help who is almost her age. The three stories could be compared and some specific characteristics about women on how they are viewed in the story could be analyzed.
The women in the three stories are very jealous about their male counterparts and they want to be the recognized because of their bodies. In the story by Al-Uthman, she feels that jealous when she thinks her husband might be flirting with other woman even though she does not know. She wants to try to cheat on her husband by try on younger men. This is the same case in the second story, by Latifa Al-Zayyat, where she is very jealous because her husband is flatting with other women in the hotel in front of her. This makes her very angry and she realizes that the love is no more as she was told earlier in her life by her parents of what would happen. Similarly, in the third story by Al-Saadawi the young woman is very jealous of how the house helps body has blossomed more than hers has. She constantly checks her body in the mirror for the changes. These women are not accepting their role in the world as women especially in the Arab world where the men are viewed as superior and they can have as many women as possible.
The women of these stories have a similarity in that they are under command of their male counter parts. In the story by Al-Uthman, the woman is under her husband who has prepared a superb birthday party for her. Despite the fact she wants to cheat on her husband she still has that fear of her husband. Similarly, in the story by Al-Zayyat, the woman who is with her husband and her child in a hotel fears her husband very much since she is the head of the family. Additionally, the husband is the one who is the maker of all the decisions. The entire stories are similar to the story by Al-Saadawi, where the young woman is the daughter of the man in the story. She fears talking or speaking up of what she has seen her father do despite it being immoral. All the women in the story know their places in the society despite them trying to be modern or equal to with their male counter part.
The women in the stories appear to be startled by the outcome of events because of what they have thought to happen has not turn out as they expected. The story by Al-Uthman, the woman has the urge of cheating on her husband with a young man. This does not turnout as she thought because of the memories she remembers about her son’s affair with an older woman. She is so angry that she forgets that she ever wanted to cheat on her husband. In the story by Al-Zayyat, the woman is astonished with the outcome of events when she tries to be taken a photograph with her husband. Her husband is angry because of the reaction of his wife. She thought they are still in love but that is not the case. In the last story by Al-Saadawi, the young woman is surprised with the turnout of events. As she is looking at herself in the mirror, she hears voices and when she goes to look at who could be happening, she is surprised to see her own father on top of the house help who she thinks they are of the same age. Therefore, the women in the stories have a similarity in that their stories do not end as they thought.
The role of women in the stories plays an important part in showing the place of the women in the story. In the Arab world, women do not have a voice in what ever it is done and they have to listen to hat the men are saying. Al-Uthman story the woman is playing the role of wife and mother. She feels so ashamed of what she was thinking when she remembers the tale of her son. In the next story by Al-Zayyat, the woman is also a wife and a mother. Despite the attempts that she is trying to make to her husband so that she could be heard fall on deaf ears. This shows her role in the society as wife and a mother in the society. Lastly, in the story by Al-Saadawi, the young woman is a daughter to a man who cheats on the mother with the house help. Despite her being shocked about this, she keeps quiet because she knows her place in the society. Therefore, the three women have shown a very similar significance in the different roles they play in the society.
In the Arab world, women are treated like commodities. They do not have a say in anything and they are there to please the men in whatever they want. They tend to follow what the men are saying and they do not ask questions. This has been compared by the use of three stories where different women have clearly identified events in their lives. These events have given out conclusive similarities in the different roles, characteristics and they are viewed in the society despite their attempts in trying to voice their different issues such as equality with the men and power over men.
Exploring the Muslim Religion college essay helpExploring the Muslim Religion
The Muslim religion is quite different from the Christian religion in a number of ways. I am a Christian but I recently attended a Muslim service. The first thing was to ensure that I was properly dressed according to the Muslim customs. Any misappropriate dressing meant that I would have to be sent home by the Imam in order to dress in the right way. One thing I noticed is that everyone was loosely dressed. They had clothes that covered them from the head to the toes. However, the women were more covered than the men were. The only part of the body that was visible was the eyes. The head, neck, arms, hands, legs, toes and the rest of the woman’s body was covered with loosely fitting clothes. The man’s head had a cap and the rest of the body was covered with loosely fitting clothes.
Another thing that struck me is that the men and the women did not worship in the same room or area. Men had their own place of worship while the women were given their own place. Before entering into the prayer area, one had to cleanse themselves by praying so that to ensure they were only there for god’s purpose only. After entering into the prayer area barefooted and having washed their feet, one of the congregation members (adhan) called everyone to prayer. After this, the Imam led the congregation in prayers and sermon giving. There were two parts of the sermon, the longer one and the shorter one. Everybody remained silent during all the sessions. During the prayer session, the people stood side by side and faced the direction of Mecca or qibla. However, I did not join in the prayers since I was not Muslim. The Muslims are the only people who are expected to take part in these prayers.
The services have a mix of both English and Arabic. For example, when the imam started and ended the sermons, he spoke in Arabic. After the prayers, people shook each other’s hand (especially the neighbor on the left and on the right) as a sign of asking god to accept their prayers. After everything was over, one could contribute at their own will by putting the contribution in a designated area. After everybody was out of the praying area, they could now talk to one another or strike a conversation. Those who needed to see the imam or other officials could now do so.
The Muslim and the Christian services are quite different in many ways. For example, there is no singing done during the Muslim services as compared to the Christian services where people praise and worship. In the Christian services, there is the use of instruments and other musical instruments. Another difference is that the imam is the centre of the service. The congregation led by the imam and he is the one who guides it on what to do. On the other hand, the Christian service might consist of different parts. For example, there might be the praising session, which is led by someone different from the one giving the sermon. The announcements may also be delivered by someone different.
The Christians worship together so that the congregation has a mixture of both men and women. However, there are denominations that require the men to have their own sitting row or place and the women have their own different row or area. Other denominations require the women to have special dressing. For example, they should wear long loosely fitting clothes and a head scarf so that they do not reveal their hair. the Muslims have a uniform way of conducting their services all over the world. However, the Christians’ way is quite diverse. It differs from denomination to denomination. The religion has mosques in designated areas, which are built by the religion officials and not individuals, as sometimes is the case in the Christian religion. In some countries, the churches are so many until they have raised concern as to their legality.
Juvenile Justice essay help onlineJuvenile Justice
Juvenile justice can be defined as where people below the age of fourteen are tried in a court of law due to crimes committed. This means that those young adults who commit crimes are tried in the juvenile court. The aim of this court system was to rehabilitate the young adults instead of punishing them. However, in the recent past, the juvenile system has changed drastically and it has become more of a punishment that rehabilitation losing its main aims (Carmen, 2010). Due to this, the people are asking for intervention where the system like the parens patriae should be introduced. Parens patriae can be defined as when the states take the role of a guardian to protect and guide those young adults who cannot protect themselves. The parens patriae system contains some advantages and disadvantages, which when reviewed could be of much help in the judicial system.
Advantages of parens patriae system
Currently, the juvenile system is charging those children who are at the age of fourteen years and below. Additionally, they might be charged in an adult court of law if the court waives that right (Carmen, 2010). This means that young children, who are not able to think for themselves since they are not mature enough, might be put in the same cell with the adults. These adults might teach them how to become criminals. This is very dangerous because instead of rehabilitating them, it is making them criminals. In the parens patriae system, the young children are given guidance hence they are rehabilitated instead of making criminals. Therefore, the parens patriae is the best system for the rehabilitation of the children than the juvenile system
The rehabilitation of the child’s behavior starts when the child is born. The behavior of the child continues to be molded to what the child will later turn out as an adult. Therefore, the parens patriae is more advantageous than the juvenile system because it will have a chance of rehabilitating those children especially those with the ages of fourteen and below even before they commit a crime (Waller, 2009). This is because the state will have a chance of noticing and correcting the mistake before it happens as compared to the juvenile system where the mistake has already happened. For example, the state may realize that the parents of the child have not been taking care of him and he may become a criminal or a murderer. They will take the role of a guardian and take away the child from the parent to a place where the child can be very taken care off. In the juvenile system, if the child commits murder, the crime will be done and it could have been avoided if the parens patriae system was used. Therefore, the parens patriae should be used.
The parens patriae is cheaper as compared to the juvenile system because very many costs are avoided. When a child commits a crime for example murder, the cost of losing that person who has been killed is very expensive (Waller, 2009). Additionally, the costs of charging the child in the juvenile court system is very expensive and it takes a lot of time. Moreover, the care that I have given to the child in the juvenile court is very expensive. In the parens patriae system, the court system is very cheap because all this costs will be avoided and the child will be in a better place than before. Additionally, the cost of becoming a criminal in itself is a huge cost because the child could have become a doctor or an architect but instead the child is stealing or killing people. In the parens patriae system the child may be saved, rehabilitated and become that doctor before it is too late. Therefore, the parens patriae is cheaper than the juvenile system.
The parens patriae system has the advantage of rehabilitating the child before it is too late. In the juvenile system, it has become more of a punishment than in the olden days where the juvenile system was formed to rehabilitate the child. Additionally, the child has a chance of becoming a hardcore criminal because when he or she is in the juvenile correctional facility, he or she is likely to meet other juveniles who will teach him or her the act of criminal activities. For instance, if a child of seven years old is charged in the juvenile court and is taken to the correctional facility, the child might meet another juvenile of fourteen who might teach him or her the acts of stealing and other criminal activities. Therefore, the parens patriae is more advantageous because this cannot happen.
Disadvantages of the parens patriae system
In the parens patriae system, justice is not served as compared to the juvenile justice system. This is because if a child commits a crime and then he or she is taken to a guardian for guidance; most likely, he or she will commit the crime again and justice would not have been done (Carmen, 2010). Additionally, children who are twelve years and above are able to think for themselves; therefore, rehabilitating them will be hard. The children will not be punished accordingly especially in those crimes like murder. Therefore, parens patriae will not be the best method.
Despite the parens patriae system’s best interest for the purposes of rehabilitating the children, it is also breaking families. When the children are separated from their parents, the bond that is between the children and the parents is broken. Additionally, most families break completely when their child is taken because of the blame game that is there. In the juvenile system, the children are only taken for correction and later they are taken back to their family. Therefore, the parens patriae system is not helping the rehabilitation of the children if it is breaking their families.
Since the juvenile system is not rehabilitating the children but instead it is punishing them and making them to be hardcore criminals, the government and the relevant states should try to design a system like the parens patriae system, which is trying to correct the children who cannot help themselves by rehabilitating them before it is too late. However, in order to cope with the problems of this system, the relevant bodies should try to come with solutions so that they can help both the society and the children.
Little Women by Louisa May Alcott best essay helpLittle Women by Louisa May Alcott
There are four main women in “Little Women”, the March sisters namely Jo, Beth, Amy and Meg. Jo March is the main character in the book and is an outspoken girl with a trait of being a tomboy. She is seen to have a passion for writing and is most probably the writer’s way of telling the reader about her childhood days. This is because she compares herself a lot to Jo. On the other hand, Beth is very quiet, shy and soft-spoken. She shares a trait of trying to please everyone with her sister Meg. She shares a trait of being addicted to family bonding and unity with her sister Jo. Beth hates house chores and this acts one of the major struggles that she has to deal with. Amy is the youngest of the four sisters and is a manipulative girl due to her beauty, which is profound. She, unlike her sister Jo, admires perfection to please herself and the people around her. Meg is the oldest of the March sisters and has a constant battle in her life with her love for material things.
Jo does the unexpected things for example she refuses the marriage proposal from her neighbor Laurie. She breaks everyone’s expectation that they were going to end up together. She alternatively marries Professor Bhaer and gives up her career in writing. This is analyzable in two ways; she has lost her quality of being headstrong and her independence or on the other hand, she has achieved, domestically speaking. Jo proves to be an unusual character in terms of her unpredictable character. She also has equal good and bad traits, another unusual trait. She is rebellious, hot tempered and outspoken and this features make her human. Beth on the other hand has an angelic side to her and has an almost perfect character, as depicted in the book. However, Beth dies in between the book and her sisters are seen to hold on quite well after her death (Alcott, 2009).
Beth and Jo have a similar trait of being antisocial. Moreover, they both resist the traditional requirement of the women to behave in a feminine manner. Meg and Amy on the other hand are completely opposite to their sisters since they succumb to their femininity and this draws them together. They are very close as seen in the book with Amy being the selfish one and Meg being the generous one. They both, Amy and Meg, agree to live in the world where gender is seen as a barrier to many things. Amy believes in getting what she wants and by the end of the book she actually does, she gets her fame, Laurie the neighbor and the trip to Europe. In the book, Amy is termed as the complete opposite of Jo in terms of character. This is especially when Jo is resistant to societal pressures while Amy agrees, appreciates and lives according to them.
Jo and Amy struggle to create a balance between the expectations of the society and their own natural preferences and principles. Jo is determined to resist while Amy accepts. Jo and Amy are however the two most generous sisters in the family. Moreover, they are the most loveable characters in the book. They are also the most genuine characters in the book. Amy and Jo also appear to be too good compared to the major flaws they have. Meg is the good girl of the book and the family and she is the only sister who strongly believes in true love that knows no bounds. This is seen when she marries a poor boy that she truly loved. Meg is said to resemble her mother and is actually name after her (Alcott, 2009).
Meg tries to change herself by trying to please other people. This character trait is seen when she allows other girls to dress her up like a rich girl. She also becomes a housewife and pretends to like politics because of her husband. She also forgoes luxury due to her husband’s poor financial state. The book teaches a lot about being genuine and most importantly one’s self. Alcott incorporates the importance of how one needs to respect and pay attention to the inner and spiritual self than to worldly conditions like appearances and wealth. This is incorporated in the book by Alcott.
Subject: Internet and Communication Technologies in the Classroom
Date: June 4, 2011
The way people gather information has currently changed due to the internet availability. When pursuing knowledge and information, people use different search engines inclusive of the Wikipedia. The internet facilitates distractions because of the availability of entertainment sources such as Facebook and You Tube. These sources may be an obstacle to a student seeking to understand a particular subject or researching on a certain topic. Therefore, implementing internet solution in classrooms, virtual classrooms or workstations in the physical classroom is likely to cause serious effects to the learners.
Today, internet has found its way into our lives and now we cannot do without it since it emerged. Internet sources such as the blog enable people to share ideas and suggestion with a large number of unknown readers. There has been a monthly charge that is the same to that of magazine subscription posed to companies with a desire to use internet. This has been done by the Domain hosting services. Internet is now like an extension in every person’s life because most of the phones currently have internet installed on them. Due to sudden changes in the recreational use of the internet as well as its corporate uses, the internet has slowly lost sight of those important objectives. Formally, the internet was established with the aim of allowing scientific concepts to be shared and reviewed among different people.
This research aims at determining whether the modern internet is suitable for learning purposes in particular as a presence in the classroom. It is possible for the internet to be used for educational purposes, have online courses; unfortunately, my research does not permit me into that. My aim is to determine if internet enabled computers are suitable for a desk in the classroom. I also seek to determine whether the availability of the internet in the hands of a student facilitates classroom or it will be another source of distraction.
Availability of internet-enabled computer for every student will not aid in the learning process but rather it will cause distractions. The best usage of the internet in learning surroundings is when the teacher takes full control of the internet access through professor’s workstation.
There have been several studies carried out on the impacts of the internet how our brains function. According to Nicholas Carr, continued use of the internet changes the way individuals’ brains function. In addition, he emphasizes his point by saying that the brains are continuously distracted every time we are online. This makes us not to be in position to know the strong and powerful neural connections that provide depth and distinctiveness to our thinking. “We become mere signal processing unit”. Since the major purpose of a learner is to be a great thinker and concentrate more on the subject of study, the worst thing he or she should be is a signal-processing unit. A student who is not disciplined and has no high desire for education cannot be trusted with the presence of the internet, which has all sorts of entertainment with games included.
However, according to Clay Shirky, the internet can act as a major source of academic information as it remains to be a source of distraction. He points out further that the internet is strong research engine and when it is used correctly and with discipline can result into great achievements academically.
The two main objectives include determining the percentage of distraction caused by the internet in learning environment, the classroom and the private settings. There will be six groups of students used of which three will be examined, one will be used as the control for the setting, while the other two will be used as the experimental group.
A group of students will be allowed in class with their writing materials, while the internet group will be allowed to access the source during class time. The rest will not be allowed to access the internet inclusive of their phone.
Private setting/ home
In this setting, the control group will have a chance to function at home in whichever way they please, while the internet group will have access to the internet but have only one window open at a time. In addition, the no internet group will be denied opportunity to access the internet completely. The main aim of this study is illustrate that when a leaner has only one thing to focus on while working, he or she will choose academic source or materials that will be of use to her or him rather than a distraction. Having extra windows, open will make the learner not to focus so much hence engaging in entertainment sources such as You Tube.
I hope that through this research, various schools will avoid purchasing more on computers since it will not benefit the students academically.
Swedish Medical Center is a renowned hospital providing healthcare services ranging from primary to specialty care. It also provides community education on health care offering the whole community a chance to learn more and live healthy. The hospital has grown over the years since it was established in 1908, to become a leading non-profit maximization hospital, through its strategy of providing best services to its patients, and it emphasizes on unity among its employees to provide its services well. The hospital provides primary care for mothers and their newborn, health care for the elderly, the youth, and family care. The specialty services include surgeries, cancer care and other specializations such as pediatrics. The hospital is dedicated to serving the community with its services and includes residency programs. In order to provide its services to all people, it works with other community clinics around among its strategies for growth and success; it has been due to the unity in employees in providing good services. The hospital is composed of four branches, which are emergency department and ambulance services in Issaquah, Swedish visiting nurse services and Swedish medical group with many primary and specialty clinics located in the Puget area.
Opinion about the business
The hospital business is rather a complex issue to deal with, especially for Swedish medical center since it is a non-profit making hospital providing a whole range of services to the community, as well as being a referral hospital. This makes it hard to manage such an organization, since money will be needed for the expensive highly specialized treatment services offered by the hospital. The business incorporates many services, ranging from preventive measures in the primary health facilities, to specialized treatment for severe conditions and management of terminal diseases such as cancer that requires a lot of specialization. Having managed to offer all these services to the community without maximizing on profit makes the business quite commendable.
The services accorded within the institution are very efficient with regard to healthcare and this has been evidenced by the notable accreditations that the hospital has been rewarded concerning the superiority of service provision. The hospital is a certified member of The Joint Commission and the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer in open cardiac surgery, coronary heart ailments, and cardiac failure. The American Heart Association and American Stroke Association have accorded the institute four Gold Plus Awards for their superior management in coronary artery ailments, cardiac failure, stroke and NCDR-ACTION schedules (Swedish Medical Center, 2011). The neuroscience department has also been accorded three awards with regard to spine surgery and neurotrauma handling by the Center of Excellence. The hospital has also managed several other recognition awards with regard to services attributable to the proficient level of skill within the institute, and thereby an assurance for enhanced medical services.
In addition to the expert workforce, the health care business involves a great devotion from the staff in providing the care needed, and the Swedish hospital has achieved this through their goal of uniting staff by coming together to offer their best services to their patients. According to me, considering that it is not for profit, yet it manages to offer all these services to the community as well as having good facilities, is a big success for Swedish Medical Center. The ability of the institute to afford the salaries of the staff within their expert level is also quite notable and thereby a reflection of the effectual cost structure instituted within. It is quite hard to achieve the level of service superiority within non-profit organizations due to the monetary limitation but the health center has overcome this with healthy management.
The hospital is actively collaborating with physicians in other clinics, which helps in coming up with solutions of reaching a wider range of patients for the hospital. This is effective in reaching out more people for health care services, who may not visit the hospital (Swedish medical center, 2011). Among the business practices of hospital, majority are keeping patient and doctor relationship confidential. Swedish medical center is dedicated to ensuring that protection of the well-being of the patients as well as their privacy, which is crucial for hospitals. Another business practice in the hospital is the reporting of news in accurate manner, timely and with honesty, and at the same time, the hospital cooperates with the media well in case it is required. Timely reporting such as reporting the condition of a patient on his way to emergency room can help in preparation of the necessary requirements for the patients. Such a practice ensures that there is no time wastage, and a patient will receive treatment as quick as possible (Swedish News, 2010).
Swedish medical center ensures that release of information about employees to the public is done consistently together with its facilities. This is in accordance to the guidelines laid down for hospitals by the federal government. In addition, the hospital takes the responsibility of offering protection to its employee’s rights, patients and other associated with the hospital. The hospital respects the rights of the employees, and does not seek to exploit its workers through overworking them. The hospital represents its staff without discrimination and with honesty. The hospital is also very informative to the community about the new services offered and the care that should be given to patients and they are required to state the community contributions’ considering it is a non-profit making organization. The hospital aims to exceed the set laws of the industry in terms of managing information. Today, social sites are commonly used in making communication easier among the staff members.
Resource optimization within the institute as a healthy business application has been achieved through labor specialization as noted through the creation of twelve departments, each defined and restricted to a specific ailment or group of related ailments. The most notable strength with regard to this approach has been duty allocation to the medical practitioners that allows for enhanced accountability through a decentralization system, as well as skill application, each toward the area of academic focus. The working curriculum within the medical institute is highly flexible according a provision for volunteer participation in services delivery with the least acceptable age being fourteen. The program involves six-month duration, restricted to working days only and requiring an accrued involvement of four hours on a weekly basis (Swedish Medical Center, 2011). This approach has accorded considerable aid to the facility as concerned with overheads reduction leading to the consequence of a manageable overlay with the financial limits accorded to the non-profit element in the institute.
The hospital has adopted the new types of social media to market itself, where it cut the costs on traditional methods of marketing. The hospital used the social media such as facebook, CaringBridge, Twitter and You Tube. For instance, they used this was when they held a competition of the cutest baby through posting pictures in the facebook where people would vote for them, then placed in the maternity area for display. Swedish hospital used videos for marketing too, where testimonies of patients and employees about the hospital. This are used to demonstrate the excellence of the hospital in providing services to the community (Swedish Medical Center, 2011). The videos were used during the 100th anniversary, and were quite effective. Swedish hospital holds a weakly chat about health care issues using social media such as twitter, where customers or patients are involved, and they are taught about the healthcare. In order to retain its customers, or patients, the hospital is very customer oriented, serving customers in a friendly way, and involving the patient in taking part, for instance, when a parent takes her baby to the hospital she is given a form to fill in about her child, and when leaving, the baby is given a toy. This is aimed at retaining customers, which is part of marketing too.
The hospital also maintains an active association to various participants through its blog that allows for discussions with regard to various topics. The information accorded within this site allows for the sharing options in the earlier identified social sites and this therefore acts as another form of marketing. The health to you program, commonly referred to as the h2u initiative within the hospital has also accorded a marketing element accorded to the supplementary advantages accorded to the membership status (Swedish Medical Center, 2011). These includes a health periodical in print format that offers current information on topics like latest prescriptions for notable ailments, parenting care within the maintenance of children health, financial management and the upholding of healthy lifestyles. The second merit is the h2u discount card that permits members to subsidized levels of prices on all drugs that are purchased either within the hospital premises or within the Caremark association of pharmacies comprising of sixty thousand five hundred outlets (Swedish Medical Center, 2011). This has acted as a marketing approach majorly due to the costly nature of drugs such that with the ability to accord a subsidized rate being purchaser friendly.
In terms of the hospital’s products, it emphasizes on quality of its service more than anything else does, and each patient is handled in the most decent manner that satisfies every patient. Their products or services include; community programs and services such as residency programs for poor, where it works with other clinics to serve those not fully served especially the minority and homeless or those not in positions to visit the hospital (Swedish, 2011). The hospital provides services for lowly earning mothers and their new born. Such mothers are given the assistance with nutrition for the babies and the mothers. Swedish pregnant women services are the other type of product offered to expectant mothers, who could be drug abusers or alcoholism. A clinical service for the elderly is another product aimed at offering free services to the elderly such as measuring their blood pressures vaccinations among other things. Another product from Swedish hospital is At-risk youth, where the aim is to reduce depression and forms of violence evident with youth. To achieve this, the hospital has collaborated with public schools to interact with the teenagers (Swedish Media Center, 2011).
Product differentiation has also been achieved with regard to departmental levels as this restricts the programs in accordance to the specialty function. These include the cancer unit, gynecology unit, cardiac and vascular unit, surgical and theater services unit, neuroscience unit, pregnancy and maternity unit, pediatric specialty unit, orthopedic unit, primary care unit, home care unit, transplant unit and emergency unit (Swedish Media Center, 2011). This approach aids the medical institute in the allocation function of service provision as it leads to high distribution and easy identification. For instance, a patient having a recurring problem easily identifies the best unit for the problem as the gynecology department by assessing the products present within the facility. Lack of the department would therefore serve as an indicator for an alternative source of the product, leading to an effectual approach with regard to time organization. Additionally, product differentiation also ensures that the hospital accords its services to the best level standards.
The hospital targets almost everybody in the community with different products such as the above mentioned. The hospital targets each market with a different product depending on the problem facing a particular group. For instance, the hospital targets the teenagers who are at risk thorough going to schools to offer health services and teach them about health care and offering them holiday jobs. Another target is the poor, especially the elderly who are low-income earners that the hospital provides with health services without charging them (Swedish news, 2010). The hospital also targets the whole community through offering healthcare education using printed materials. The hospital also target terminally ill patients and offering specialty services to the community. The hospital does not target one group only, but rather, it targets different people with different products that are suitable or fit to the problems of each particular group.
The hospital is involved in social responsibility in almost all of its activities such as providing health education to the community. The hospital takes the responsibility of educating the community about health, which is a social responsibility. Another social responsibility is offering the teenagers at risk a chance to work with them and providing health adventure for younger children, offering them a practical experience of what a career in medicine or related to health would be like, hence cultivating them for the future. The hospital in overall has the responsibility of contributing in keeping of a healthy community, irrespective of individuals’ abilities to pay for services offered. This is a huge social responsibility for the hospital, and considering they have managed to keep it up and provide the services, it is a good corporate citizen.
The institute has accorded at least five health centers for the purposes of according health attention to marginalized populaces like the refugees and the destitute with no chargeable costs. Pregnant women are accorded subsidized services with additional programs on healthy infant care. Individuals affected with instances of family brutality are accorded legal and health aid through enrollment into aid programs for psychological counseling and these services are not charged. To overcome the challenge of breast cancer notable within the underprivileged populace, the hospital has introduced the mammography vans that aid the affected with screening services for enhanced mortality amongst the maternity populace (Swedish Media Center, 2011). With the knowledge that a number of patients face demise within the health institute and thereby according a grief function to the affected families, the hospital has implemented the bereavement care function to aid with mourning and counseling services for higher coping with the tragedies. Conclusion
Swedish Medical Center takes full responsibility of offering health care services to all people in the community, without discrimination, yet, offering the best services despite that it is a non-profit organization. It holds itself as part of the community, and its dedication is to the community. The hospital has grown tremendously since it was started in1908, and continues to grow and care for communities. The hospital moves with current technology for its facilities, and makes use of new social media to market its services and hold chats online. More so, the hospital allows the interaction of patients and the staff, and consequently, a more healthy community is achieved. The hospital can be considered not just a hospital engaged in treating, but an organization of proving a healthy community.
“Taking One Day at a Time” essay help onlineName:
“Taking One Day at a Time”
The concept ‘Taking One Day at a Time’ means that people should live according to the way each day starts without thinking about tomorrow. It requires individuals to concentrate on the present day without thinking about the next day or the future. Taking one day at a time gives an individual an opportunity to slow down and appreciate others and the surroundings. It requires individuals to live, enjoy their lives and enjoy each day without thinking of the past or the future but concentrating on the present. Taking one day at a time is essential because it enables an individual to utilize their time in the present and avoid regrets in the future.
The most favorable lifestyle that many people prefer is living in the present as each day passes. Many people prefer to live as if there is no other day apart from the present. In order for one to be happy, it means that he or she should live the way each day dawns. This concept reveals that taking time to smell the fresh air while “walking along the way to get familiar with the environment” (Horn 2009). Taking time to concentrate on things happening around the world in every day is crucial than thinking about life from past or future. This is seen as one way of being health because one does not become stressed about the future or thinks about the past. In addition, it helps an individual to achieve his or stated objectives.
The concept reveals that people should not take things for granted. This is because life is full of astonishment. Individuals should live the way each day starts but at the end of the day, they should ask themselves the essential things they have accomplished in each day. This is crucial because when one lives in away he or she wants, at the end of the day he or she may accomplish nothing. Thus, the concept reveals that by taking a day at a time, one can be able to realize the things he or she has not accomplished certain things and then plan to do them in a another day. Therefore, the concept requires that people should take their work seriously and plan to aim higher in their future.
In literally form, people should take one day at a time but bear in mind that life is not very simple. Thus, they need to ask themselves if they have achieved satisfaction and achieved their objectives at the long run. They should know what they have done in every time of their lives when focusing on life and the time they spent each day. One should focus behind and realize those things he or she accomplished that are essential “take time to accomplish your routine work” (Kelly and Gibson 139). In this way, he or she will be able to determine the requirements of the future and to which point he or she is heading. In addition, one needs to take the diary of events that takes place daily for remembrance. In this, way one makes a good sense of using his or her time properly in each day.
The concept reveals that taking one day at a time in life is a good way of measuring time. Some people say that one way of measuring time is through getting married and then start bearing children (Haddad 2008). When one gets children that is the time, it becomes difficult to measure time. As the children start growing up, it becomes more difficult in measuring time. However, it becomes easier in measuring time through marking their real ages as the children keeps growing. In the case of the business, people look forward in measuring time in every financial year. People are always aiming to have a better financial year and expect their business to perform better than the present year. This is what taking a day at a time requires in literally sense since time utilized well in the present can lead to better and successful future.
As the days goes by for instance a month, things becomes clear and in reality people start thinking of their past but they cannot wind up the clock. Thus, people’s lives become a barrier because times keep moving a head waiting for no one. Sometimes people find themselves being overwhelmed and think that thing should be accomplished for once. ‘The daily routine is necessary’ (Haddad 2008). It is difficult to accomplish things for one day because it becomes so discouraging. Consequently, people may forget to accomplish their objectives in one day because the work may become too much thus it is essential to make a plan for what to be accomplished in each day.
Some people may take their time to spend with their family once for a while. For instance, a family may be separated for along time, but when they meet, they organize a special day and time for a celebration. It becomes so amazing when people meet and celebrate together. This is because it gives one a time to reflect life on the present and thus becomes a present of being with the family (Kelly and Faith 56). In addition, many people in a family may take their time in day through performing various duties. They share duties and responsibilities, everyone is being given a certain task to perform, and the end of the day, they can be able to measure their time well. Taking time in performing various duties is essential because at the end of the day one can be able to reflect behind and recognize what he or she accomplished in the day. Consequently, it is easier to get satisfaction of what one has accomplished in the end of the day.
Everything happens for the reason thus taking one day at a time in reality indicates how much control of our life we actually have for our destiny. Our actions at each time in every day give us a direction to our destiny. Every event that takes place in every day in our lives is determined to a definite degree. Some people have negative attitudes towards life thus, “the bible must have the highest place in our lives” (Southerland 2011). Others have optimistic about their lives thus do not know how to utilize their time well. They spend their day careless doing things that are not helpful. Most kind of this people take their day at a time through performing certain duties and at the end of the day, they do not accomplish essential things. This are the kind of people who does not know about their future and if it means spending their money and consuming things in one day, they can waste resources without taking consideration a bout their future needs.
Everything in our life happens for a reason and in a season. “There are season of great joy, seasons of sorrow and season of transition” (Chelsie 2011). For instance, when one takes a coin, turns it in both sides and measure each situation, one can realize everything happens in our lives for a purpose. Just like the way the coin has two sides with different meaning, which is the way things are taken in life and have a drive n purpose. It takes a time for an individual to realize the positive effects of a situation. It can take even a month, a year or more than a year. That is why many people who misuse their lives later on recalls how much they wasted their time and yet they cannot rewind the clock but start wishing if they could have been given a chance, they could spend their time properly. For instance, many students waste their time and they do not set their time and study properly. However, when they approach to their exam, they run shortage of time and thus start regretting for wasting their time instead they could have utilized that time well in reading seriously.
This concept mostly refer to young people who are learning to live their lives in every moment a day begin. It focuses mostly the adolescents who need to concentrate and utilize their time well in the present in order to accomplish the routine or daily basis (Shirani and Henwood 2011). Taking one day at a time enables the adolescents not to become too overwhelmed in dealing with all the things they encounter in their daily live. However, they will learn how to deal with each situation for a moment. It is true that one cannot accomplish a certain task for once just as the way Rome was not built in one day. The crucial thing is to keep on working towards achieving one’s objectives bearing in mind that one time you will accomplish your mission. In order for one to achieve those goals, he or she should break or divide the objectives into smaller and plan how to accomplish them. Therefore, one needs to take action every day towards achieving those objectives and goals and note down his or her progress.
This concept also applies to adolescents and young adults who need to concentrate and direct their energies towards getting treatment through focusing on what to do in order to accomplish their daily basis. They found out that by utilizing their time and taking one day at a time in their life will help them to avoid being too overwhelmed with the problems associated with cancer and its treatment. This concept helps them not to give up especially during the difficult situations mostly when time is unbearable. When they experienced many symptoms, they further described living “one day at a time instead day-by-day” (Kelly and Gibson 139). This helped them to focus on the kind of treatment and their related symptoms they experienced in every day. It also helped them to get a break from the hectic life and things that were not directly related to their sickness.
In conclusion, taking time to plan and do something in life is very vital in one’s life. Work cannot be accomplished if one cannot manage his or her time properly. Many people do not know the meaning of time planning. This is vital in ones’ life and in every day activities that people do because it acts as a way for achieving success in life. People need to make a clear time plan in order to avoid living other things unaccomplished. This is a wonderful concept because we learn from the experience. Our present determines what we experienced during the past and thus it is a road map for the successful future. With all the record of our history, we can be able to make b a change in our life for the better future. It is through taking one at a time that we can only achieve satisfaction and accomplish our objectives and goals.
Reconstruction was the era from the years 1867 to 1878. It started immediately after the civil war in the south of the United States. The main goal of the reconstruction was to reunite the southern part with the union and to help build the southern states. At this period, the southern region was marred with a lot of violence where different groups like the kul klux Klan were trying to oppose the new rules imposed by the government. However, the different groups were unable to fight the reconstruction and a new law was put in the constitution known as the fourteenth amendment. It was drafted to give citizenship and protect the freedmen. Therefore, reconstruction fulfilled all its goals at that time until today.
The reconstruction fulfilled all its goals because there was unification and development of the southern states. This unification and development of the southern states was brought about by the achievement of other goals. One of the goals was political unification. In the past, there was a lot of hatred where the different blacks were not allowed to take public offices or even vote in the elections. However, after the review of the different laws in the era of reconstruction, the blacks were allowed to vote in the elections (Slap 89). Additionally, the blacks were allowed to contest for public office in the different states in America. Despite the different groups trying to oppose these laws, the political unification goals were fulfilled because the blacks or the different slaves were now actively involved in politics bringing.
Another goal that was being brought by reconstruction in this era was social unification. In the past, the blacks were being mistreated and they were considered not to have any rights. This meant that the black people were socially neglected therefore there was no social unification. After the era of reconstruction, the goal of unification was achieved because the blacks were given equal rights as the whites and the first public school was created around this time (Budiansky 23). This meant that the reconstruction had achieved the goal of unification despite the many hindrances that it faced at that time.
Physical unification was another goal of the reconstruction, which was achieved during this time. The black people or the slaves were not allowed to move freely in the past since there were areas, which were only set for them. Additionally, the whites could not move to those areas where the blacks were allowed to go because they did not want to mix with them. This made the physical movement of people to be limited thus there was no physical unification at that time. However, after the reconstruction, the blacks or the freedmen attained the freedom of movement and they could move anywhere they wanted. In order to do so, they were protected; therefore, they could move anywhere without the fear of being attacked by anybody. It is because of this that the goal physical unification was achieved by reconstruction.
The main goal of reconstruction was to offer the freed slaves with citizenship, rights and privileges like the whites. This is because before, they used to be in captivity of their master and it is their master who decided the different rights and privileges they had. Additionally, they did not have any citizenship; therefore, they did not have any right or privileges like the whites who had citizenship. After the reconstruction, the goal of citizenship, rights and privileges was achieved because the freedmen had same rights and privileges as compared to their fellow citizens. They were now able to exercise their right of voting and the right to take public office. For this reason, the goal of citizenship, rights and privileges was achieved.
In order for unification to take place, the goals of eradicating racism had to be achieved. In the past, racism was at its extreme where the blacks, being the minority, were not seen as people. They did not have schools to take their children because the whites thought the blacks could not be able to read. Additionally, they were being viewed as second-class people as they only got the remains of the whites. At that time, it was very difficult to attain unification but after reconstruction, racism was eradicated where the first public school was created and the blacks were given citizenship (Military Review, 2011). Although it was not instantly achieved, the goal of eradicating racism was initiated at this time. Therefore, its initiation was achieved.
Another main goal of reconstruction was equality among the different people. For unification to take place, people had to have equal rights. This meant that different slaves had to be freed and given citizenship so that there could be equality between them and the different whites. This was achieved because the different slaves were freed and they were offered citizenship, which meant that they had equal rights and privileges like the whites. This is because before, the slaves or the blacks did not have their rights like the right to vote but due to reconstruction, they had rights and privileges that were equal with the whites. Therefore, the goal of equality among the different citizens was achieved.
Reconstruction was that era that was started by Abraham Lincoln to unify the southern states so that they could be developed. In order for this to happen, the fourteenth amendment was made in the constitution, which stated that the slaves had to be freed and be given citizenship with equal rights and privileges like the whites. It was because of the reconstruction that unification was attained. This meant that there was physical unification where people could move freely wherever they wanted and political unification where the different freedmen were given the opportunity to exercise the right of voting. However, the era was marred with a lot of rebellion but this did not make them to stop reconstructing.
When I heard a worker saying to the new employee to take more time after breaks, my mind told me that these employees are lowly motivated, and are working just for the pay, and they have no concern for the performance of the organization. It also crosses my mind that management is very lenient with them, and it might cost the company due to under production since the 20 minutes are for the company. I feel that the employees need to be motivated enough either through punishment for those who extended the break as well as influencing others. I feel that theory X is in place here, and an approach is needed to deal with it. As a supervisor, I also felt that the employee do not recognize my authority, and I needed to make sure that they resume the afternoons on time.
To transpose these feelings into action, I will review the job description; know the amount of work that is done daily when they extend their breaks, so that I will know what new target to set for them. After setting new targets, I would ensure that everybody is aware of them, and are willing to work towards them, and in order to motivate them, I would suggest rewards from management for workers who perform best. The best policy I intend to use in order to prevent this offence is a time sheet of when the employees enter work in morning, when they return in the afternoon and the time they leave. With this time sheet, I would say that failure to obey would result to serious consequences. In a small meeting to discuss the new policy, I would say that time will be checked, and any one who fails to follow time without any justifiable reason will be punished, but those who keep time and perform well will be rewarded.
The disciplinary measures I would take would include recovering for time lost by an employee who fails to resume work in time. With this punishment, I would ensure that employees who enter work late would compensate for the time they consumed, and ensure they work until the time lost is recovered. For the offence of not reaching the target made for a day, a warning of three times will be issued, after which if it happens again, a justification will be needed, failure to which a probation from work will be issued. A worker who does not return to work on time after a break, will have to compensate through working for equal lost time after working hours are over, and close supervision will be there to ensure he follows the punishment.
In the case of Emily, considering she is a friend and not just a core worker, her welfare will be a priority for me, and I would confront her later after work, to discuss the issue. I would confront her to make sure she knows that I know, explain to her that I do not like it, and to continue with friendship, she will have to stop so that I am not implicated too, for covering for her. To start the conversation, I would tell her that I am aware of her illegal trade, and state clearly that I do not like it, and emphasize that I will not be an accomplice or a witness who will do nothing. When I witnessed this, I felt like an accomplice to a criminal who is a drug peddler, and one who is out to hurt other for her own gains. The principle guiding me to act this way is that my child spends time with her, whom I feel is a risk, and since she is a friend, I feel the need to help her by influencing her to stop. Also considering that the drugs are harmful to health and they could ruin people’s lives, I feel the need to protect them if I can. The last principle guiding me is because representing a friend is noble, but it will have to be on a condition to stop, or else management will find out.
According to Sophy’s message, I agree that giving her a second chance before reporting to the management is a better idea to find out if she is willing to change. Telling her that next time a manager could see her serves to tell her she could lose her job. In addition, handling drugs around my child would be quite a worry for me, that I would not trust her to leave my child with her, and finding another babysitter would be appropriate. I also agree with Sophy that people will always feel more free with working colleagues since they spend all day together is true, and telling her to respect the organization as well as her colleagues is right.
Environmental Assessment cheap essay helpEnvironmental Assessment
Can mathematical models and laboratory simulations capture the complexity and variability of the real world?
Mathematical models and laboratory simulations can never capture the complexity and variability of the real world. This is because the world is very complex and in order for them to calculate the complexity and variables of the real world, they use samples. These samples are often small in nature so that it can be easier to calculate them. For example, if mathematics were to take all the variables of the world in order to calculate a situation or an event, it would be very difficult because nobody would be able to come up with a formula that would fit the variables. Additionally, the samples, which are taken, are not a true representative of the others because the others have different representations. For instance, people have different opinions from one another. Therefore, if calculations are to be taken from samples, they might be misleading therefore mathematical models and laboratory simulations do no have the capability of calculating the complexity and variability’s of the world.
In addition to this, they are not capable of calculating the complexity and variability of the world because they are based on assumptions. This means that they may not give a true representation of what is like to happen or what has happened in a certain event. This is very difficult because in mathematical calculations or biological simulations, there are so many assumptions that are there to make it easy to calculate the different variables. However, without this mathematical models and simulations, certain events would not be known. Therefore, it is not entirely true to say that mathematical models and laboratory simulation can capture the complexity and variables of the world.
What are the characteristics of your ecosystem and what makes them to be an open system?
Ecosystem can be defined as how the different things share certain common characteristics. These living things can be said to live in one community where they share this characteristics. In our ecosystem, the climatic changes and patterns are very similar where it is usually cold during winter and hot during the summers. In this ecosystem, both the animals and the plants live together in this different weather conditions to survive. They have the same weather conditions; therefore, they have the same characteristics so that they can survive. Our system is an open system because during winter we produce a lot of heat in our bodies, which we use to protect ourselves against the cold weather. During summer, we use the trees to provide us with the shade or the cooling effect so that we can be able to protect ourselves from the heat. Additionally, our bodies have a system where they tend to sweat when the weather is hot so that the body can have cooling effect in order to survive during the hot season. Therefore, the different means by which we protect ourselves from the different kinds of weather can be defined as the open system.
Does the world have enough resources for 8 to 10 billion people to live decent, secure, happy, fulfilling lives?
These different environmental and economic resources are usually meant to sustain the global economy. The different terms of decent, happy, secure and fulfilling are terms used by different people to mean the better life that one can have. However, they vary from one person to another because what one believes to be decent, happy or fulfilling is different from one person to another because everybody has his or her own different opinion. In relation to the world resources, the terms are in unison because everybody wants to have the secure or happy life, which can only be attained using the world resources. Currently in the world, the environmental resources are continuing to be exhausted day by day as the population of the whole world continues to increase. Economically many countries especially in the developed are trying to struggle so that they can be able to survive (Heinberg, 2010). When the environment resources are being exhausted, things like food tend to become less therefore making it very difficult for the people to survive. It is estimated that more that eight hundred million people are dying of hunger every year. Therefore, it is true to say that the world does not have enough resources to cater for the eight-ten billion people.