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Cox’s Definition essay help fairfax

A set of interrelated, interactive messages generated during public discussion of environmental issues; “textual carnival”. Some of the rhetorical characteristics and activities of environet include: reflexive thinking, noticing, inventing, producing, and disseminating texts, arguing, and directing future discourse and action. 2. antagonism (define, give example) Antagonism is the limit of an idea, a widely shared viewpoint, or ideology. This allows an opposing idea to be voiced. Cox uses this term to describe how new interests challenge the views of society.

For example, environmentalist challenged the government because they believed they had the power to make the biggest change and influence everyone else. 3. trope of uncertainty (define, give example) Functions to nurture doubt in the public’s perception of scientific claims and thereby to delay calls for action. When applying this to rhetoric, the trope of uncertainty alters the public’s understanding of what is at stake, suggesting there is a danger in acting prematurely, a risk of making the wrong decision. 4.

Herndl & Brown’s three perspectives toward the environment (define, give example of each) 5. nature as artifice, cultural construction (define, give example) Once we believe we know what nature ought to look like we can remake it so that it becomes different. An example would be a painting by a famous artist of nature; people look at it and see nature, they do not think about who the artist is. Once we know what nature looks like we remake it so completely that we become altogether indifferent or even hostile toward its prior condition. 6. precautionary principle (define, give example)

When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. 7. sense of place (define, example) A sense of place is an “at home” feeling; a location that gives you a feeling of security, belonging, and stability. Ex: a vacation spot 8. Oravec’s four functions of environmental communication (define, examples) The four functions or dimensions of environmental communication are: naming, interpreting, policy, and poetry.

Naming is the way we come to socially construct and know our natural world. Interpreting means the way we see it and how we give meaning to things. Policy is a course of action. Poetry is a way of expressing ourselves. 9. public sphere (define, give example) The realm of activity mediating between society and the state in which individuals and groups come together to discuss issues of common concern. 10. environmental justice (define, summarize pro and con args)

Measurement in Accounting essay help online: essay help online

1. 0 Introduction The place of measurement is crucial in accounting. Measurement is vital to accountants for recording, summarising, reporting financial transactions and preparing financial statements that should indicate the true position of an entity. However, accounting measurement issues are seen to be problematic as many measurements are derived. According to Mary E. Barth (2007), an analysis regarding the latest activities of the International Accounting Standard Board (IASB) have revealed that the use of fair value as a measurement base in financial accounting is probable to increase.

With the increased probability of using fair value as a measurement base and the adoption of international accounting standards by Australia, it would transform the way to which assets, including intangible assets, and liabilities of Australian entities are being measured. This report first provides a discussion about role of measurement in accounting and the reasons as to why measurement issues are seen to be problematic.

Thereafter, further examine the issue of using fair value as a measurement bases and the requirements in relation to Australia Accounting Standard Board (AASB) 138 intangible assets, as well as the effects of fair value on intangible assets. 2. 0Measurement Critical roles of measurement exist in accounting. Within accounting, measurement is required for recognition, recording, summarising, reporting financial transactions and preparing financial statements.

Financial reports that is “to provide information that is useful to present and potential investors and creditors and others in making investment, credit, and similar resource allocation decisions” (IASB, 2006a, para. OB2 cited in Barth, 2007). Therefore, it is crucial that the components of the financial reports are measured accurately to proper reflect the true position of the Australian entity. 2. 1 Definition of Measurement

IASB paragraph 99, Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements states, “Measurement is the process of determining the monetary amounts at which the elements of the financial statements are to be recognised and carried in the balance sheet and income statement. This involves the selection of the particular basis of measurement” (International Accounting Standard Board, 2001). 2. 2 Bases of Measurement The bases of measurement, according to IASB (2001) paragraph 100, are historical cost, current cost, realisation (settlement) value, present value.

Though fair value was not listed, fair value was mention by Mary Barth (2007). However, the framework does not call for the use of a particular measurement base, neither does it provide any concepts or principle as guidance for selecting an appropriate measurement basis for particular component of financial statements or in specific circumstances though historical cost as a measurement basis is widely used today. 2. 3 Roles of Measurement 2. 3. 1 Recognition Role of Measurement

The role of measurement is inevitable when it comes to the recognition of an item or element in the financial reports, where recognition is defined in the IASB (2001) paragraph 82 framework as “the process of incorporating in the balance sheet or income statement an item that meets the definition of an element and satisfies the criteria for recognition. ” Measurement therefore provides the basis for which it is necessary to accurately reflect the true value of the item when recognising it.

These values will then be report in financial reports, financial reports that is used to provide valuable information to stakeholders of the entity when making investment, credit, and similar resource allocation decisions (IASB, 2006 cited in Leo, Hoggett, Sweeting & Radford, 2008). 2. 3. 2 Re-measurement of Assets and Liabilities There is a price or cost assigned to an asset or liability when the business acquires the asset or when the business incurs the liability (Bourke & Smart, 2006).

Nevertheless, in the essence of time, it may be mandatory for the entity to re-measure the asset or liability if something has transpired to change the assumption on which the original measurement was based (Bourke & Smart, 2006). The evident causes of re-measurement are wear and tear, bad debts, inflation, government regulation, or changes in market tastes (Bourke & Smart, 2006). Measurement is hence necessary when an event or a situation requires re-measuring or re-valuing of an asset or a liability that have been previously recognised (Canadian Accounting Standard Board (CASB), 2006).

Re-measurement is utilised in an attempt to reflect recognised asset impairment, and to alter the carrying amounts of the particular asset or liability to correctly reflect their current values (CASB, 2006). 2. 4 Issues regarding Measurement and the Conceptual Framework The conceptual framework sets out the definition and recognition criteria for the elements of financial statements. The elements of financial statements are asset, liability, equity, income and expenses and these elements must have a pertinent attribute that can be quantified in monetary units with adequate reliability (Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), 1984).

Interco essay help tips: essay help tips

First, any suggestion in the story that our fee arrangement with Interco was something we “evidently wanted . . . kept secret” is absurd and unfair. All tender-offer-related fee arrangements must be disclosed pursuant to the U. S.

securities laws. In fact, our arrangements with Interco were promptly and publicly disclosed. Second, the board of Interco had already publicly committed itself to pursuing a restructuring and to launching the recapitalization plan prior to the date that our fee arrangement was agreed on with the company. Neither we nor the board viewed our fee arrangement as contingent in practical effect.Furthermore, unlike our recapitalizations or reorganizations of this size that involve hundreds of millions of dollars of banking fees, this transaction was designed to avoid large bridge financing and junk-bond underwriting fees. In this case, securities were issued directly to shareholders thereby passing savings on fees through to the shareholders. In fact, a relatively small fee was payable upon completion of the recapitalization: $3.

7 million. The Journal story also implied that the recapitalization plan was unnecessary and pursued in a hasty manner after the hostile bidder dropped its offer.This has no basis in fact. There were extensive meetings with the operating units to review their plans. The board—which had been briefed extensively on the plan during numerous long meetings over several months—had already publicly announced its intention to pursue the recapitalization. The markets relied on these public statements. Interco had already begun the recapitalization process and had paid significant commercial bank commitment fees to finance the senior debt portion of the transaction.

The company remained under pressure from the former raider, which was still its largest shareholder, and from arbitragers, which held a large portion of its stock. If Interco had decided not to pursue the recapitalization, it would have been vulnerable to a takeover by the former raider or another party, possible at a much lower price. The recapitalization was a good-faith effort by the board of directors to deliver value to shareholders, to avoid potentially massive shareholder litigation, and to put an end to a hostiletakeover attempt.The projections relied on in the recapitalization were prepared by Interco’s operating management—not by us. We do not run companies: Our clients do. These projections were accepted as reasonable by an independent appraisal firm that opined upon the viability of the recapitalization, and by a syndicate of highly sophisticated commercial banks that lent more than $1 billion to the transaction. Indeed, the company’s next attempt at projecting its performance, done during the reorganization period with a new set of sophisticated advisers and with a very long period of 14 reparation, turned out to be materially off target again.

Pros and Cons of Beauty Pageants cheap essay help: cheap essay help

We live in a society in which demands for equality abound. At some point, the rights and privileges associated with the “perfect” life. At the same time, it seemed that a trend began. Hyphenated Americans began their quest for the apparently ideal lifestyle that had been withheld from them. Women, gays, and lesbians began their own efforts to achieve this same equality outside of gender and sexual preference.And yet, despite it all, the beauty pageant survives.

The Miss America pageant, one of the most famous of the beauty pageants, was not started with these higher ideals in mind, The pageant itself had undergone many changes in the last decade, in an attempt to keep is viable in today’s world. It would seem, despite the changes being made, that the role of Miss America no longer commands he same respect or sense of desirability that it once did. Yet people continue to tune in, every year that it is broadcast.Why? This paper will be used o examine the history of the pageant, as well as is representation in today’s media. A Brief History of the Miss America Pageant The Miss America pageant began in 1921, “in an effort to keep tourists in Atlantic City, NJ after Labor Day” (Wikipedia “History”). The pageant evolved over the years, from a two day beauty peant that consisted primarily of a bathing suit contest, to one with a focus on more “professional women” (Wikipedia “History”).Today, women participate not only in events that focus on their beauty and poise, they also answer interview questions designed to test their intellect, as well as other challenges.

An Embattled Ideal What is wrong with emphasizing beauty? Almost any Miss America coverage in the past ten years will tell the reader in no uncertain terms that emphasizing physical attributes over intelligence i a way to merrily skip down the road to perdition.In part, the problem with emphasizing beauty is that is sends mixed messages o the girls and women in search of the “true” meaning of womanhood. Michelle Cottle makes this observation “even as we decry being treated like sex objects and valued for our looks, girdles are making a comeback and beneath […] those Ann Taylor suits lurks a Wonderbra” (part. 4) Cottle further observes that: […] whatever peripheral attributes the various pageants measure, a girl’s physical beauty remains of central importance.In a society of fluid gender roles, pageants stand as the purest remaining forum for judging traditional femininity: Good old-fashioned qualities such as charm, poise, and beauty are what count. (par 11) Today’s Perception The media seems to have its own agenda when reporting on the Miss America pageant. The media frequently refers to the “Miss America beauty pageant,” although the pageant organizers seem to have dropped the “beauty” statement a long time ago- and the word “beauty” does not even appear on he portal page of the Miss America official website.

Rather, as if in a real life limitation of the Candice Bergen character’s insistence to rewrite history in Miss Congeniality, who insisted throughout the movie that the competition was “a scholarship program,” the word “scholarship” no fewer than four times on that portal page. In the past, Miss America winners who have used their titles to take on “causes have been portrayed as rebellious or somehow not conforming the pageant ideals. When Miss America 2004 Ericka Dunlap went to Washington to speak on Capitol Hill, not only was in buried in the CNN. om “politics” section, the purpose of her visit was described as “an agenda,” a word frequently used as a pejorative term. In another example, when the 2003 winner. Erika Harold, Described as a “22-year-old Harvard-bound scholar and future lawyer, : used her position to speak out on abstinence, Ebony magazine characterized is as “taking a stand,” a defiant position. The article maintains this belligerent, almost aggressive, stance, describing a platform that the magazine states “proved controversial” for the pageant organization (par.

). However, when I is implied that the pageant is changing the attempt to modernize, in its move to Las Vegas to Atlantic City, the change is criticized as and “odd choice for an organization that leans more toward country hokum than “What happens here, stays” revelry’ (CNN par. 2). the author characterizes Atlantic City as a “seaside town,” while labeling Las Vegas as “Sin City” (CNN pars. 9,12). The language of this article appears to imply that he pageant is shedding a wholesome image for a less appealing one.This position differs from that of the miss America organization’s chief executive, Art McMaster, who sees the move to las Vegas as being an effort to “find a new host city that has glitz and glamour Miss America is known for” (CNN, par 1).

A September 2004 editorial opened its commentary on the Illinois Miss America entrant this way: “Don’t tell Miss Illinois Michelle LaGroue that beauty pageants are for bimbos” (Editorial, par. 8). This statement, of course, implies that the term “bimbo” is one commonly associated with beauty pageant contestants.The editorial’s wish of “luck” for Miss Illinois Michelle LaGroue seem grudging, following the apparently gracious phrase “We hope LaGroue’s intelligence and gift of analysis are recognized by the judges of the Miss America Pageant” (Editorial, par. 8). It is hard to know what to make of this editorial, other than its being at odds with perception of the contest in the 1920s, when Atlantic City Chamber of Commerce President Fredrick Hickman made he statement tha “Miss America represents the highest ideals. She is a real combination of beauty, grace, and intelligence, artistic and refined.

She is a type which the American Girl might well emulate” (Miss America website “Miss America History”). Conclusion What is the Miss America pageant, then, anyway? From the point of view of the organization that sponsors it, the pageant is an event that furthers values, such as scholarship, creativity, and community involvement. The organization depicts that the pageant as having glamour and vibrant appeal that can continue on into this century. The media, however, continues to depict the pageant as one that focuses on beauty over brains, physical attributes over the desire to take part in world-or at least community-affairs.In Miss Congeniality, Sandra Bullock’s character comes to the conclusion that “these women are smart, terrific people who are trying to make a difference in the world,” despite previously considering pageants as “outdated and anti-feminist” (Miss Congeniality). Unlike Bullock’s character, he media seems to be unwilling to admit that the pageant has moved on from its role of marketing ploy and exploiter of beautiful women. Changes are coming to the Miss America Pageant, even outside of the change venue.

Will our media permit themselves to cover these changes in an objective fashion? Judging from the past, it seems unlikely.

Woodstock Research Paper essay help tips: essay help tips

Danielle Krum May 30, 2011 Research Final Woodstock 1969 Every memory of the summer of 1969 is connected to, in one way or another, the historical event, Woodstock. The festival could not have left more of an impact on the “hippie” generation anymore than it did those three days of music and peace. The generation of the time wanted nothing more than what they got out of Woodstock. Today, people still look back on the festival and think of how well it made history without the expectance of doing so.Woodstock, one of the most important cultural events of the 20th century, combined iconic musical acts with interesting social behavior. In 1969, a group of men set up a music festival, known as Woodstock, which lasted for three, long, peaceful, and music oriented days that involved an abundant amount of sex, drugs, and poor management.

“Many remember Woodstock primarily as a disaster, as it was officially pronounced, a monument to faulty planning, a testament to the limitations and hypocrisies of hippie idealism, a nightmare of absurdities, ironies, and incongruities” (Cooke 177).Woodstock was originally planned to be a moneymaking event by John Roberts and Joel Rosenman, Artie Kornfirld, and Michael Lang, but due to the poor planning, the event brought forth no money and a lot of debt. The event took place in Bethel, New York from August 15th to August 17th. “Attended by 450,000 people, it is remembered as the high point of the ‘peace and love’ ethos of the period, largely because of the disaster that the over-crowding, bad weather, feed shortages, supposed ‘bad acid’ (LSD), and poor facilities presaged was somehow avoided” (Dodgson 523).The percentage of drug induced fans was well over the amount assumed to be present, as was the actual amount of fans. “Poor planning and happenstance forced them to admit most attendees for free. They were left with a debt of $1.

3 million and a site that cost $100,000 to restore” (Dodgson 523). Woodstock was an event that many wouldn’t have thought to of made history until the actual event happened. The festival is even brought up in history classes during the teaching of the Vietnam War due to the mass amount of fans that were against the war. Many commentators have since claimed that peace and good will arose not in spite of disaster, but because of it. The hunger, rain, mud, and unserviced toilets conspired to create an adversity against which people could unite and bond” (Cooke 178). Most of the fans present expressed how they felt about the war in riots and violence. “Woodstock Ventures retained its exclusive rights, but the memory of Woodstock Nation belongs to the world; it is irrevocably imbedded in American culture” (Cooke 179).

Not only was the war an influence, but the gathering itself influenced the historical outcome. “The most common feeling among all parties-producers, musicians, audience, town, and nation-was the sense of history in the making. It was the largest group of people ever gathered, and the greatest roster of musicians ever assembled, and it became the defining moment of a generation” (Cooke 178). At the time, teens and young adults were looking for ways to rebel against their religious and strict parents, but in a way that would affect the world in a positive way. Woodstock was, in many ways, a symbolic high point for the 1960s generation, proving that peace and love were possible in the world, if only for a moment” (Berg 863). The war in Vietnam was a huge event that was taking place at the time of Woodstock. Many of the fans that were present, were there to express how the felt about the war.

“The musicians and fans expressed support for social justice and intense opposition to the Vietnam War” (Darity 120). The festival was a way for people to gather and express similar opinions and accept each other.The importance of Woodstock has left a lasting effect on many people from then until now. “Although in the early 1970s many experts predicted the end of the ‘hippie’ movement, the spirit of Woodstock has both disappeared from the American cultural scene” (Darity 120). The event showed America that as a group, people can bond peacefully and appropriately. “It wasn’t just the audience of hippies who bonded together in the face of disaster. Community and nation also rushed to their aid.

The Red Cross, Girl Scouts, and Boy Scouts all donated food and supplies to the starving hoards.Even local townspeople pardoned the havoc wrought upon their town and made sandwiches for the infiltrators” (Cooke 178). The festival included many artist of the century that weren’t famous at the time, but now can be found in the Rock Hall of Fame. Some of the artists that were present at the festival were, Joan Baez, Blood, Sweat and Tears, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, the Grateful Dead, Arlo Guthrie, Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, Ravi Shankar, Sly and the Family Stone, and The Who.The music artists from Woodstock not only left an impact on the fans that attended the event, but effects people from this century and earlier too. “During the 1990s a second generation of musicians and fans maintained the Woodstock spirit. ” “Since 2002, the Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival have occurred every June in Manchester, Tennessee” (Darity 120).

The music of Woodstock is still played on radios in today’s century and will continue to live on. All in all, Woodstock will always be remembered as those “three days of peace and music. The event brought together people in a way that none could imagine and taught the world that even for a split second we can all work together peacefully. The musical influences still live on today, and will continue to for more generations to come. Woodstock combined music with peace, love and togetherness in just three days and will always be a part of history. Works Cited 1. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.

Ed. William A. Darity, Jr.. Vol. 9. 2nd ed.

Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008.

The Emotions Explored in the Poems essay help cheap: essay help cheap

What Emotions does Tennyson explore in the poems ‘Mariana’ and ‘In the Valley of Cauteretz’ and what methods does he use to convey a range of emotions effectively? Tennyson explores many emotions throughout Marianna, In the Valley of Cauteretz which have been reflected from his life. Born to a large family of 12, Alfred Tennyson had many fears and worries in his life. Some of these worries included money due to the fact that Aunt Elizabeth Russell and Uncle Charles Tennyson had a great deal of wealth than that of his own family.Tennyson also had a lifelong fear of developing a mental illness as several of the men in his family had a mild form of epilepsy. In those days it was thought to be a shameful disease which was made worse by the fact that his father was an alcoholic. His fathers’ condition worsened and he became paranoid, abusive, and violent.

Marianna is a poem about Marianna, a woman who has been waiting for her true love and has become more and more desperate in an old lonely grange with a moat. Tennyson uses a range of techniques to portray Marianna’s emotions.The idea of loneliness and grief is highlighted with the use of pathetic fallacy and nature ‘after the flitting of the bats when the thickest dark did trance the sky’. Tennyson stresses her desperation at the last four lines of each stanza which recurs but with slight modifications ‘She only said,’ my life is dreary, He cometh not,’ she said; She said, ‘I am aweary, aweary, I would that I were dead! ’ It is almost a death wish which slowly she believes. In ‘In the valley of Cauteretz’ it is clear that grief, sorrow and loneliness are recurring themes in Tennyson’s work.Right from the beginning of this short poem the effect the reader gets is that he is writing about a time in his life from experience and he is trying to go back to when he was happiest. ‘I walked with one I loved two and thirty years ago.

All along the valley, while I walked today’. Tennyson tries to hide the bad times and think about the positive ‘the voice of the dead was a living voice to me’ showing that even though someone is dead, to him he is still alive. Tennyson had a friend called Arthur Hallam who died at a very young age hich was a great shock, because of this he presented the preciousness of youth in his poems by creating images which stress youthful joy. In the valley of Cauteretz describes an experience on revisiting a valley in the Pyrenees, years after he had been there with his now dead friend. This valley appears to shoe the reader a great psychological significance. As Tennyson describes himself travelling the valley, there are different elements which are triggered and crafter to create a lasting sense of how his friends’ death still affects himself decades later.Tennyson uses a range of different poetic techniques to convey all these emotions effectively.

Some may think that the use of repetition highlights the desperation and sadness of the ‘characters’ he writes about in his poems however the dactylic, experimental rhythm in my opinion helps make sentences stand out and in ‘in the valley of Cauteretz’ makes him want to portray his friend as different and that they didn’t have just an ordinary friendship but a very string bond.Tennyson makes it clear to the reader that the valley was a place he had been before and had many memories from that place and he goes back in time using language making it seem as though the past has come alive ‘i walked with one I loves two and thirty years ago. All along the valley, while i walked today; two and thirty years were a mist that rolls away. Tennyson also used rhyming couplets which add effect of time passing by and to show that nothing has changed.In Mariana Tennyson also uses some of these techniques but for different reasons. He uses nature and sounds to show that there was nothing there, no feeling, no life. The mood of ‘Marianna’ does contrast to that of ‘In the Valley of Cauteretz’ however the themes throughout both are the same and based on Tennyson’s life experiences.

Marianna is a poem about a woman in a daydream that she will be rescued by her love and swept away from this forlorn, dreary place.It is clear that in the final stanza Marianna has finally accepted that she will not be rescued by her true love and her final death wish is flooded with sadness ‘The sparrow’s chirrup on the roof, The slow clock ticking and the sound, Which to the wooing wind aloof, The poplar made, did all confound, Her sense; but most she loathed the hour, When the thick-moted sunbeam lay, Athwart the chambers, and the day, Was sloping toward his western bower.Then, said she, ‘I am very dreary, He will not come,’ she said; she wept, ‘I am aweary, aweary, Oh God, that I were dead! ‘ In conclusion Tennyson explored many emotions linked to grief, sadness and loneliness effectively with the use of exciting language, repetition and metaphors referring to all the good times with his friend. Word Count: 886

Daring Paradigm free essay help: free essay help

A Daring Paradigm A theme that is emerging in the healthcare setting is that of a Healing Hospital. Patients and families can feel less stressed and know they are being taken care of by dedicated employees. The focus is on the patient and their care; not the disease. The patient can be assured that any hospital encounter will be one of smiles, loving service, and competent clinical care. “A Healing Hospital is about loving service to others” (Chapman, 2011, p. 4).

The healing paradigm involves every aspect of the person; physical, mental, and spiritual. As part of the healing arm of the paradigm, addressing the family’s cognitive, emotional and spiritual concerns can help with coping (Milstein, 2005). “Curing involves “doing to” patients; healing, on the other hand, is facilitated by “being with” them (Milstein, 2005, p. 566). Care should go beyond just the physical aspect and should involve a holistic approach. Creating a healing environment does involve some challenges and overcoming those barriers is essential to the growth of the hospital. A Healing Hospital is not built with bricks and mortar” (Chapman, 2011, p. 4). A Healing Hospital is composed of three different qualities; a strong commitment to leadership, systems and structures, and teaching through dialogue and inquiry. Chapman (2011), discusses different Healing Hospitals; one of them being Riverside Methodist in Columbus, Ohio. The mission, core values, and pledge of this hospital are many, but a part of their pledge stood out strongly. “Our first responsibility is to the patients we serve.

We respect the physical, emotional and spiritual needs of our patients and find that compassion is essential to fostering healing and wholeness” (Ohio Health Believe in WE, 2011). A strong commitment to leadership is part of the Healing Hospital. You must have a deep commitment from the leaders of the hospital. Your hospital leaders must be on board to change the mission, vision and values of the unit. Training the employees to embody the theme of “Radical Loving Care” is essential for a Healing Hospital to thrive. Radical loving care is done by creating a continuous chain of caring light around each and every atient” (Chapman, 2011). Patients are human beings whether they are hospitalized or not.

Changing your protocols and hospital functions is so important in providing loving service to all patients. All employees should be trained to meet patient needs upon admission. The patient should be guided to care immediately and not bombarded with questions. System changes need to occur hospital-wide and not just in the Emergency room or patient registration. By changing the frontline experience for patient’s and employees; a loving care service is supported. Teaching through dialogue and respectful inquiry allows for productive and committed employees. “Satisfied employees are likely to mean satisfied patients” (Chapman, 2011, p. 2). Allowing your employees to learn from each other through stories of experience, asking questions, and participating in piloting models will be more effective than lecturing. By having your staff participate in self-doing and teaching programs will produce more productive and committed people. “A culture of loving service creates an environment that we want to enter each workday” (Chapman, 2011, p. 12). Making sure your staff practices unconditional love for all patients and visitors in their daily actions and making it a priority will define the concept of a Healing Hospital.

There are many challenges to creating this environment. One challenge being the advancement of technology and drugs in hospitals. We need to understand that just because we have advancements in technology and can now fix something with a shorter procedure or machine; we still can’t heal with a simple touch. Still being able to heal the whole person with our loving care is essential. Technology and medication needs to be balanced in the healthcare field with the notion of loving care. Along with the advancement in technology comes the concept of business and profits.

This idea is taking away from the concept of “Radical Loving Care,” and focusing on leaders. The leaders need to recognize their job is to take care of the people who take care of people (Chapman, 2011). Another challenge is the bureaucracy of patients feeling their hospitalization is parallel to that of being in prison. Clothes are replaced with gowns; they are given an identification number (ID band), a strange roommate and no privacy, limited visiting time with family and made to feel helpless. Employees go about their job in a repetitive cycle. Hospital employees are not only asked to do repetitive work, but to do it as if they were robots instead of people” (Chapman, 2011, p. 38). Fourth is cynicism which can be damaging to patient care. Love should be a part of a person’s healing process and not part of a job requirement. Healing should be done holistically; mind, body, and soul. Finally, leadership is an integral part of a Healing Hospital. Leaders have the responsibility and opportunity to place loving care at the top of their mission statement. By training their employees in this type of care, leaders can change the way their hospital is run.

A biblical passage that I think embodies the concept of a Healing Hospital is Psalms 61: 1-8, Lead Me to the Rock from the English Standard Version. It describes how you should cry out to the Lord for help and pray to him for healing. It asks for support and love from God and says, “May he be enthroned forever before God; appoint steadfast love and faithfulness to watch over him! (Psalms 61:7 English Standard Version). This verse supports a Healing Hospital because it identifies a very clear relationship between healing, faith and prayer.

Spirituality is an integral part of some patients healing, and it instills hope in a person to overcome their illness. This passage brings forth the same message of healing and faith. The concept of a Healing Hospital may be a new notion, but it is slowly gaining popularity amongst hospitals all over the world. Embodying a patient centered philosophy and instilling that in your staff allows for better patient and family wellbeing and care. The concept focuses on compassion, faith and love. It involves appropriate coping strategies for patients and staff to incorporate in their care; with the help of faith and spirituality.

Budgeting Is Useless on Managers persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help

I disagree that budgeting is an unnecessary burden on many managers to a large extent. This is because budgeting provides an opportunity to reevaluate existing activities and evaluate new ones. Compel managers to think ahead and estimates of unit and sales during operating period as well as selling expenses, so as to estimate the profit target. Once the budget is set, region, product groups and/or account types can break it down.

Also, budgeting talks about the optimum profitability in a given period; since firms typically look for profit maximization in the long term; while it seeks sales maximization in the current period.By providing and opportunity to reevaluate existing activities and evaluate new ones, managers are able to get a further understanding of the sales, production, distribution and finance on their current activities. Hence with the above that they have found out they are able to enhance and create new ones. In additional, budgeting compel managers to think ahead as they have to consider factors when forecasting sales. This factors include: past patterns of sales, market research studies, advertising and sales promotion plans, competitors’ actions and general economics conditions.While considering these factors, managers will have to do a research studies on the past and present and make a comparison on these and estimate sales in the future. In order for a company to have a good budgeting or performance, manager will need to foresee what will happen in the future and engages it’s staffs on the budget processing, creating and environment where there is a true two-way flow of information.

Example from the top down, the top management gives sales and profit targets to various organization units and unit heads make plans to achieve the objectives.From the bottom up, Unit heads and their subordinates team up in the setting of the sales and profit objectives and also plan to meet them. As from the example above, top management is away from the realities in the field; but at the same time, juniors may tend to understate what they can achieve in the period. However, budgeting takes up too much time of all managers. As they have to stay focus on their current project and to make sure that is an active participation of all the employees.Reason why the failed to budget can be due to an error in the message conveyed by the budgeting system that maybe misaligned with incentives provided by the compensation system as budgeting is a detailed and comprehensive analysis upon any miscommunications it may result in more time spend by the managers. In conclusion, I do disagree to a large extent that budgeting is an unnecessary burden on many managers as they can provide good analysis while ensuring of all participation of the management be it the employees all the managers despite the risk.

Al Azhar University my essay help uk: my essay help uk

Al-Azhar University Brief Description Al-Azhar University also known as Jamiat Al Azhar al Saif, meaning the noble Azhar, is a center of learning in Cairo, Egypt.

It was established as an Islamic Institute or a madrasa in 972 and specialized in offering courses pertaining to the field of Arabic Literature and Sunni theology and sharia. It is regarded as the second oldest University both around the world and in Egypt. It was initially established as the Al Azhar mosque. However, it slowly developed into an Islamic educational institute over the years.Al Azhar’s main aim involves spreading Islamic faith and culture around the world. To this day, Islamic scholars at the institute issue fatwas based on arguments and situations put forward to them from around the Sunni world. These fatwas cover a wide range of topics such as Islamic law, appropriate behavior for individual Muslims, etc.

In 1961, following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 and the establishment of Gamal Abdel Nasser’s government, Al Azhar started offering programs apart from Islamic subjects such as science, engineering, pharmacy medicine, etc.That same year, a women’s department was also established as part of the university. Today, al-Azhar has positioned itself as a profoundly significant institution in Egypt and around the world. History Initially established as a mosque by the Fatimid dynasty, it slowly evolved into a university over the years. Its construction was authorized by the fourth leader of the Fatimid Dynasty, Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah, in Cairo which at that time was the newly founded capital city of Egypt. It was the first mosque to be constructed in Cairo, and took approximately two years to build.It was completed in the year 972, after which it opened for prayers during the month of Ramadan.

Since the Fatimid dynasty was descendant from Fatima, daughter of the Prophet P. B. U. H. , it is widely thought that the university was named after her. Fatima was also known as Az Zahra (the brilliant or the shining one), thus, giving the university its name. Another theory regarding how the institution got its name is that the mosque was surrounded by large mansions and palaces during the year it was established.

Al Azhar was originally established as a base for spreading the Ismaili sect of Shiite Islam.The Fatimid Dynasty used it as a means to publicize the teachings of the Ismaili school of law. This sect of Islam was taught at both the caliph’s palace and at al Azhar. It became a leading institution for Islamic learning in the world and was used as a center for issuing all religious judgments. In 973, the mosque was designated as the official place of congregational gathering for the Eid ul Fitr prayers in Cairo. In 988, Al Muiz appointed Yaqub ibn Killis, a person with extensive knowledge of Islamic law as one of the prominent instructors at Al Azhar.Yaqub bin Killis is mainly credited with advancing Al Azhar as a center for Islamic learning.

The next year, the authorities at Al Azhar appointed several other instructors and religious scholars to teach at the mosque, thus, forming a base for the institution to become the most prominent Islamic university in the world. From 975 to 996, during the reign of Al Muiz’s son al Aziz, the mosque expanded even further. These expansions were carried out till the remaining of the Fatimid dynasty. The Fatimid dynasty is also credited with establishing Al Azhar’s library by providing it with numerous Ismaili manuscripts.A Mamluk leader However, following the overthrow of the Fatimid dynasty by the Ayyubid Empire led by Saladin in 1171, the mosque saw a period of negligence. The Ayyubid dynasty was a firm Sunni empire and disapproved of the Shiite teachings taught at the university. The manuscripts provided by the Fatimid dynasty were destroyed, and funding for the students and professors was stopped.

However, the policies of this dynasty are regarded as a key factor for converting Al Azhar to a Sunni center of learning.Following the disestablishment of the Ayyubid Empire, the mosque saw large advancements and expansions during the Mamluk Sultanate as a key Sunni educational institution. The Mamluk and Ottoman leaders sought political rulings from the institute, whereas the general public sought security and solutions during the time of economic and political turmoil. Area of specialization Classes commenced at Al Azhar during the month of Ramadan in 975. According to some sources, the university is said to have added faculties in Islamic law and jurisprudence (sharia), Islamic astronomy, Islamic philosophy, logic and Arabic grammar durng the same year.However, the academy mainly offered subjects regarding Arabic Literature and Islamic jurisprudence (sharia). The main purpose of Al Azhar was to advance everyone’s knowledge of the Islamic faith and help them become stronger Muslims.

In its syllabus and academic activities, Al Azhar sought to reinforce the sacred ties and bring about a religious sense of pride among the Muslim nation. Today Al Azhar’s syllabus mainly consists of religious studies which include Quranic sciences and the Sunnah of the Prophet (p. b. u. h). Furthermore, it offers other subjects such as science, medicine, etc.In 1961, faculties of medicine and engineering, among other faculties, were added to the university.

These departments are unique in the sense that they teach all non- religious subjects from an Islamic perspective. Al Azhar’s student population includes students not just from Egypt but also from all over the world. The University of Al-Azhar seeks to endow the Muslim world with religious scholars and experts, by providing them with extensive knowledge about Islamic laws, culture and morals so that they can serve their people better, and help develop their nations on the foundation of faith and science.Important Islamic Events During this Time The university was established sometime in the midst of the golden age of Islam. A few centuries before the university was set up, the Abbasid dynasty had conquered the Umayyad dynasty and rose to power in the year 750 AD. The Abbasid dynasty also managed to conquer some parts of Europe, hence, spreading Islam to those areas. The Islamic civilization is said to have prospered most during this reign and was, thus, called the golden age of Islam (750 AD – 1258 AD).

This period saw several developments in Arabic literature, commerce and industry, arts and sciences, and medicine among other areas.Furthermore, there were a lot of scientific and technological achievements witnessed during this period. During the Abassid rule, a lot of the Umayyad rulers fled to Muslim Spain. The following centuries witnessed some of the Umayyad rulers rise back to power in Spain. Towards the end of the 10th century, the Umayyad dynasty eventually took control of the Iberian Peninsula (then known as Al Andalus), by running the region from Cordoba, Spain. During the period 912-961 AD, Abd al Rahman III became the emir of Cordoba, succeeding his grandfather after his death.This era witnessed the development of Cordoba across several fields such as economic, agricultural, etc.

However, the Umayyad dynasty fell apart again in 1031 resulting in the division of Al Andalus into smaller independent states. Around the same time, the Shiite Fatimid Empire was founded in 909 by Ubaid Allah al-Mahdi Billah. This dynasty claimed to be descendent from the Prophet (p. b. u. h)’s daughter Fatima Az Zahra. Their reign soon expanded to several parts of North Africa and, in addition, included countries like Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, the Red Sea, Africa, Yemen Hejaz, and Sicily.

Sop for Design Management essay help writing: essay help writing

Statement of Purpose In writing my personal statement, I have come to find that the entire process is actually a process of introspection and summarizing, and conducting deep reflections on the course of my life over the past ten years.

In the high school, I accidentally came across a book about branding and retail management that triggered my vague interest in marketing communication and management. In retrospect, it was precisely this vague notion that developed into a strong desire, an unshakable ideal that I am determined to pursue with lifelong dedication.But when I succeeded in my National Institute of Fashion Technology, exam, I started loving art and fashion, and creativity and imagination became natural extensions of my enthusiasm. Inventing, experimenting, growing, taking risks, breaking rules, making mistakes, and having fun is what creativity to me is, and my imagination became the beginning of any creation. This was the first opportunity that I missed. After graduating from my college, I was recruited by an export house in India as a garment designer.Even though my distinguished professional performance brought me honours, status, generous salaries and perquisites and to some extent a creative satisfaction, my dream to be involved in brand design, marketing and strategic alliance failed to materialise.

But deep inside my heart, I had always cherished the unquenchable wish to demonstrate my talents in building up a brand, marketing and management, to taste the real joy of doing what I like.My first introduction to design management came as a result of an encounter with Sudipt S G, Director Operations and Branding, Catmoss India Ltd. , a retail brand in India for kids wear. It was a result of this encounter that I was able to get detailed understanding of the subject and in light of this, my passion, focus and interest reinvigorated and I decided to take up Master’s program in Design Management.My more than five years of experience in the apparel and fashion industry of India and my degree from National Institute of Fashion Technology in Fashion Designing and Information Technology has provided me with a strong foundation as well as fortified me with good communications skills, personal communications as well as organizational communications skills, bearing in mind that the importance of proper communication in the business environment cannot be ver-emphasized. I have received thorough professional training in elements of design, fashion styling, marketing and merchandising, fashion art illustration, traditional Indian textile, surface ornamentation, history of costume, garment construction, pattern making and graphic based software. I have been taught by some eminent fashion designers like Ms.

Ritu Beri, Mr. Manish Arora and renowned artists of India and have interned under their guidance.Being in the fashion and apparel industry for five years, I have learnt a lot about forecasting and trends of the upcoming seasons and applied my knowledge of graphic software for making illustrations, mood boards, layouts, trend boards and CADs of various prints and can visualize style and design the actual product. I have given my previous organizations a profitable business through selection of various samples by international buyers such as Zara, Mango, Next, Chico’s, Esprit, Top Shop, Miss Selfridges, River Island and others.My professional qualifications and work experience has provided a strong foundation for my creativity and imagination. It has enhanced my analytical and critical skills. I am adept at presenting complex material and analysis to clients and all levels of management.

I can develop design strategy towards production and can plan and develop the production process effectively. I plan range from concept through finished layout and have highly developed artistic vision and proficiency in related artwork and illustrations.I’ve also developed visual products like logos, brochures and trademarks to formal acceptance as registered designs and greeting cards, catalogues, magazine cover for various retailers in India as freelance projects. I’ve also designed catalogues, layouts of children’s book and brochures for a company named ‘Blue Fish’ and website for my brand of glass paintings named Arte en Glas. I’m empanelled as a Designer in ‘O/o’. Development Commissioner of Handicrafts, Ministry of Textiles, and Govt. f India where I work with various non-profit organizations to teach women and children various handicrafts for their up-liftment by developing a unique and artistic range of handicraft products like accessories, lifestyle products, paintings.

I have been appreciated by the director of Development Commissioner of Handicrafts for contemporizing the Indian craft to suit the interests of the modern age public. The products are well received in the Indian market and are available at various retail outlets and emporiums of India for sale.Presently I’m working on a project with an NGO named URIDA for developing a range of handicraft products with embroidery as their craft by the artisans of this NGO who are especially women from the lower sections of the society. I teach and get the lifestyle products made which we market across New Delhi to generate revenue and employment for these women by taking orders from various retail outlets and exporters. These products are also exhibited by the government organized exhibitions all over the country.I want to pursue Master’s in Design Management for the Fashion Industries, majoring in brand design, marketing and technological innovation in London college of Fashion, University of the Arts, London. The Design Management for the Fashion Industries course offered at the college offers flexibility to suit my interests.

I believe that studying at LCF would infuse the knowledge needed to cope with ever-changing social and environmental factors, and creative departments which are starving for competing designers who are capable of upholding brand identities.It would be an important opportunity to study in a hub city like London, where I would not only gain firsthand experience, but broaden my horizons due to its rich cultural and ethnic diversity. This would enhance my intellectual exposure and will significantly improve my future prospects in the fashion marketing field. With my background and ambition, I believe that I can be an asset to your college and make many positive contributions.

Romeo and Juliet get essay help: get essay help

Romeo and Juliet’s Last love scene I think is the essence of the play it tells the audience how important their love is to each other and how they would do anything to be together, W. H Auden also expresses love like this in his poem “stop all the clocks” in the way he makes everything grind to a halt after his tragic loss. Romeo’s behavior when he spies Juliet is smitten at first sight, describing her as “Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear! ” (I, v, 49). This language is in direct contrast to how he speaks of Rosaline.

Rather than objectifying Juliet as he does with Rosaline, he holds Juliet in reverent awe, “Did my heart love till now? For swear it, sight! / For I ne’er saw true beauty till this night (I, v54-5). Romeo actively pursues Juliet from the beginning. Despite knowing Juliet is a Capulet, Romeo ignores the feud and commits himself to Juliet just as Juliet never considers not loving romeo because he is a montague. She loves him, and even the fact he is her enemy does not tamper her feelings. “My only love sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late!

Prodigious birth of love it is to me, that I must love a loathed enemy”(a1,s5) Realizing that their interest in each other is both reciprocal and sincere, Romeo presses Juliet for vows of love. After marrying, Romeo’s relationship with Juliet becomes even complex and involves others such as the nurse, luckily for them she is understanding as Juliet and the Nurse share a very close bond, one that surpasses one of a girl and her servant. The Nurse has become over the years Juliet’s close companion, confidant, friend, mother; and later on in the play her co-conspirator.

Juliet is comfortable and at ease speaking to the Nurse. This allows Juliet to take her into her confidence when she decides to defy the family conflict and marry Romeo. The Nurse is an accomplice alongside Friar Laurence in bringing the lovers together and immersed in Juliet’s affairs and strives to help with her plans Her obstacle is her sense of duty to Lord and Lady Capulet, though this never seems to prevent her actions. After Romeo is banished the relationship between the Nurse and Juliet changes.

When the Nurse suggests that Juliet should forget about Romeo and marry Paris, she loses Juliet’s trust and confidence. Juliet decides to seek the help of Friar Laurence, thereafter she no longer involves the Nurse in her secret plans. W. H. Auden’s poem, “Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone” conveys the meaning of overwhelming grief, tragic loss, and an eternal pessimism best displayed in the last lines, “For nothing now can ever come to any good. ” The tone of the poem is that of a melancholy sadness compelled by the internal rhyme scheme (aabb) and the melodic iambic pentameter used.

The title and first line of the poem demonstrate the author’s inconsolable grief by commanding the audience to do something which is not possible, “Stop all the clocks. ” This reference to time could also be an allusion to the death and brevity of life which cause the author such agony. The verbs of the first three lines of the first stanza represent how the author wants to eliminate the distractions; clocks ticking, telephones ringing, dogs barking, pianos playing, of the day in order that everyone may mourn this death.

These imperative verbs are all forbidding something and not until the mention of the coffin in line 4 do the verbs begin to be more allowing; “Bring out the coffin, let the mourners come. ” The reason why this poem and Romeo and Juliet are so comparable because Romeo and Juliet go through exactly the same mourning when both informed of one another’s death when Romeo finds Juliet’s seemingly lifeless body in the tomb and says, “I will stay with thee and never from this palace of dim night/ Depart again” (V, iii 106-7).

With that, Romeo kills himself by ingesting poison. Committing suicide is Romeo’s final and most profound act in his pursuit of Juliet. Romeo truly is a tragic and romantic figure. However, he begins as a young man entangled in his own superficial notions of love. His interest in Rosaline is fleeting, passive, and non reciprocal. It is through his relationship with Juliet that Romeo becomes a more active character who is capable of being involved in a complex romantic relationship.

Pepsi computer science essay help: computer science essay help

The main products of the company comprises of different soft drinks brand includes pepsi,pepsi light ,pepsi max,7up,mountain dew,etc.. The company consists of: Frito-Lay Company, the largest manufacturer and distributor of snack chips; Pepsi-Cola Company, the second largest soft drink business and Tropicana Products.In order to promote their pepsi brand, the marketing division of the company has been able to utilize different marketing strategy in order to competitive in the market place.

PepsiCo, Inc. is one of the most successful consumer products companies in the world, with 2000 revenues of over $20 billion and 125,000 employees. PepsiCo brands are among the best known and most respected in the world and are available in about 190 countries and territories. iIn 2000, PepsiCo has a reported net sale of $20,348 and a comparable net sale of $20,144 in comparison to its 1999’s net sales of $20,367 and $18,666 respectively.PepsiCo has increased its comparable net sale of 8% in 2000 while it had an increase of 15% in 1999. This reflects the increasing rate is going slower. On the other hand, PepsiCo’s interest expense declines 39% showing that the company is significantly lower average debt level.

Back to 1999, the report shows that the company’s interest expense dropped 8%, which indicates that the company is performing well in managing its financial strategies. in adittion,the different approaches of promotional campaigns have been imposed so as to make the products more appealing to the target market and to make these products marketable.They market their products in pizzahurt,fried chicken restorent. in this restaurant were also used as means to capture customers in to drinking pepsico bevaerages. they used celbrieties for their advertising compaigons for boosting there sale. accordigily 60% of marketing resourses in pepsi are used on advertising. Advertising tools used by company include TV,Magzines.

radio. sponcering games like cricket,foot ball.. etc Any way promotion of the produt is the main strength of pepsi co company. Although the result shows the company is performing well in financial strategy. Company History:Pepsi company has long and rich history. the drink is the invention of Caleb Bradham.

When Caleb D. Bradham concocted a new cola drink in the 1890s, his friends’ enthusiastic response convinced him that he had created a commercially viable product. For 20 years, ‘Doc’ Bradham prospered from his Pepsi-Cola sales. Eventually, he was faced with a dilemma; the crucial decision he made turned out to be the wrong one and he was forced to sell. But his successors fared no better and it was not until the end of the 1930s that Pepsi-Cola again became profitable. Seventy years later, PepsiCo, Inc. as a mammoth multinational supplier of soft drinks, juices, and snack food.

PepsiCo’s advance to that level was almost entirely the result of its management style and the phenomenal success of its television advertising. Ups and Downs in the Early Years Doc Bradham, like countless other entrepreneurs across the United States, was trying to create a cola drink similar in taste to Coca-Cola, which by 1895 was selling well in every state of the union. On August 28, 1898, at his pharmacy in New Bern, North Carolina, Bradham gave the name Pepsi-Cola to his most popular flavored soda.Formerly known as Brad’s Drink, the new cola beverage was a syrup of sugar, vanilla, oils, cola nuts, and other flavorings diluted in carbonated water. The enterprising pharmacist followed Coca-Cola’s method of selling the concentrate to soda fountains; he mixed the syrup in his drugstore, then shipped it in barrels to the contracted fountain operators who added the soda water. He also bottled and sold the drink himself. In 1902 Doc Bradham closed his drugstore to devote his attention to the thriving new business.

The next year, he patented the Pepsi-Cola trademark, ran his first advertisement in a local paper, and moved the bottling and syrup-making operations to a custom-built factory. Almost 20,000 gallons of Pepsi-Cola syrup were produced in 1904. Again following the successful methods of the Coca-Cola Company, Bradham began to establish a network of bottling franchises. Entrepreneurs anxious to enter the increasingly popular soft drink business set themselves up as bottlers and contracted with Bradham to buy his syrup and sell nothing but Pepsi. With little cash outlay, Pepsi-Cola reached a much wider market.Bradham’s first two bottling franchises, both in North Carolina, commenced operation in 1905. By 1907, Pepsi-Cola had signed agreements with 40 bottlers; over the next three years, the number grew to 250 and annual production of the syrup exceeded one million gallons.

Pepsi-Cola’s growth continued until World War I, when sugar, then the main ingredient of all flavored sodas, was rationed. Soft drink producers were forced to cut back until sugar rationing ended. The wartime set price of sugar–5. 5 cents per pound–rocketed after controls were lifted to as much as 26. 5 cents per pound in 1920.Bradham, like his rivals, had to decide whether to halt production and sit tight in the hope that prices would soon drop, or stockpile the precious commodity as a precaution against even higher prices; he chose the latter course. But unfortunately for him the market was saturated by the end of 1920 and sugar prices plunged to a low of two cents per pound.

Bradham never recovered. After several abortive attempts to reorganize, only two of the bottling plants remained open. In a last ditch effort, he enlisted the help of Roy C. Megargel, a Wall Street investment banker.

A Temporary Matter by Jhumpa Lahiri essay help service: essay help service

A Temporary Matter Thesis File Hassam Mairaj ? A Temporary Matter Introduction “A Temporary Matter” was originally published in the New Yorker in April 1998 and is the first story in Jhumpa Lahiri’s debut collection, Interpreter of Maladies (1999). The collection won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for fiction, a rare achievement for a short-story collection. The story takes place over five days, beginning March 19, at the suburban Boston home of a married couple, Nadia and Ali.During this week, when they must cope with a one-hour power outage each evening, the grief and alienation that the two have suffered since the stillbirth of their child six months earlier builds to a climax.

Plot Summary The story opens with Nadia, a thirty-three-year-old wife, arriving home at the end of a workday. Her husband, Ali, is cooking dinner. Nadia reads the newspaper to find a news that the government has announced that load shedding will commence from the current day and lights will be out for one hour six times a day.Six months earlier they went through a hard time when their first child was stillborn and till the present time could not get over that grief. Now, Nadia leaves early each morning for her job in an advertising company. After work, she goes to the gym. She also takes on extra projects for work that she does at home during the evenings and weekends.

Ali stays in bed half the day. Because of the tragedy, he leaves his home rarely and works on his writing at home. Ali is a writer who spends most of his time reading novels and cooking dinner.When Ali remarks that they will have to eat dinner in the dark because of the power outage, Nadia suggests lighting candles and goes upstairs to shower before dinner. Ali notes that she has left her bag and sneakers in the kitchen and that since the stillbirth Nadia has treated the house like a hotel. Nadia had stocked their freezer with homemade foods. After the stillbirth, she had stopped cooking, and Ali had used up all the stored food in the past months.

Nadia and Ali have been eating dinner separately, she in front of the television set, he in front of the computer. Tonight, they will eat together because of the power outage.Ali lights candles and sets the table . Nadia comes into the lounge and sits down to have dinner as the electricity goes off and the lights go out.. She tells Ali that at family dinners at her grandmother’s house, when the electricity went off, they all had to say something”—a joke, a poem, an interesting fact, or some other tidbit. Nadia suggests that she and Ali do this, but she further suggests that they each tell the other something they have never revealed before.

Nadia begins the game, telling Ali that a girl they knew in college once told her that she liked Ali and she became jealous of her.Ali reveals that on their first date he forgot to tip the waiter, so he returned to the restaurant the next day and left money for him. The next evening, Nadia comes home earlier than usual. They eat together by candlelight again. Then, instead of each going to a different room, they agree on sitting outside on the terrace. Ali knows that they will play the game again. He is afraid of what Nadia might tell him.

Nadia tells Ali that she once lied to him, saying that she had to work late when actually she went out with friends. Ali tells her that he cheated on an exam many years earlier.He explains that his father had died a few months before and that he was unprepared for the exam. Many other secrets are disclosed when Nadia takes his hand, and they go inside. The next day, Ali thinks all day about what he will tell Nadia next. Ali is disappointed when the light doesn’t go out at 9 but when Nadia arrives home she says, “You can still light the candles if you want. ” They eat by candlelight, and then Nadia blows out the candles and turns on the lights.

When Ali questions this, she tells him that she has something to tell him and wants him to see her face. His heart pounds.She tells him that she now will be moving to her mother’s house and it is nobody’s fault. Ali realizes that this revelation has been her planned ending for the game all along. He decides to tell Nadia something he had vowed to himself that he would never tell her. Nadia does not know that Ali held their baby at the hospital while she slept. Nadia does not even know the baby’s gender and has said that she is glad that she has no knowledge about the lost child.

Ali tells Nadia that the baby was a girl and goes on to describe her appearance in detail, including that the baby’s hands were closed into fists the way Nadia’s are when she sleeps.Ali leaves the room and Nadia is shown with a teardrop falling from her eye. Characters Nadia Nadia is a thirty-two-year-old woman who is married to Ali. She is tall and broad-shouldered. She fell in love with Ali during college time and later married him and moved with him to a new house. Nadia works in an advertising agency and sometimes takes on extra work for home. She works out at a gym regularly.

Six months before the time of the story, Nadia’s first child was stillborn. This tragedy has changed her habits and her relationship with her husband.While she was formerly a neat and enthusiastic housekeeper and cook, she has become careless about the house and has stopped cooking. She previously had the habit of being prepared for anything, ranging from last minute guests and daily life surprises. Now she likes spending more time at work and even keeps herself busy in work at home. Nadia’s character transformed immensely after the child incident of which she avoids talking about. She took a pride in her decision of not knowing the sex of the child for it enabled her to seek refuge in a mystery.

AliAli is a thirty-five-year-old short story and poem writer who is married to Nadia. He is a tall man with a large build. After the birth and death of the child, he spends most of the time at home, writing to be published. He works in the nursery he and Nadia prepared for their upcoming child so that he has to spend less time with Nadia as she avoids coming to that room of the house because of the memories associated with it. He wakes up early and works mostly in the morning, doesn’t leave the house for days at a time, and often spends the afternoons in bed.He has spent the past months preparing dinners for himself and Nadia using the foods she has stored in the freezer. Genres Drama: A drama film is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic characters dealing with emotional themes.

Dramatic themes such as alcoholism, drug addiction, racial prejudice, religious intolerance, poverty, class divisions, violence against women and corruption put the characters in conflict with themselves, others, society and even natural phenomena. At the centre of a drama is usually a character or characters who are in conflict at a crucial moment in their lives.The conflict between the two people in a marriage at a crucial moment in their lives defines the genre of my film. The drama created by many situations arising as a result of the conflict and human psyche coming into action are the elements of my film. Themes Grief The story takes place six months after the stillbirth of Nadia and Ali’s first child, and the two are still overwhelmed by grief. Ali has withdrawn from the world and seldom leaves the house. He stays in bed half the day, unable to summon the energy and concentration to make progress on his writing.

Nadia, on the other hand, stays away from the house as much as she can. She used to be an attentive housekeeper and enthusiastic cook, but the house seems to remind her of her loss. According to Ali, she treats the house as if it was a hotel and would eat cereal for dinner if he did not cook. The story also reveals that Nadia and Ali no longer go out socially or entertain at home. People who suffer the loss of a loved one often go through a period of not wanting to go on living themselves. They may feel unable to make the effort required to go about daily life. Sadness may drown out all positive emotions.

This seems to be true for this couple, and especially of Ali. Alienation Nadia and Ali’s grief has led them to withdraw from each other. Until the nightly power outages began, they avoided each other. Nadia leaves for work early each morning, returns late, and often brings home extra work to occupy her evenings and weekends. When Nadia is home, Ali retreats to his computer and pretends to work. He has put the computer in the room that was to be the nursery because he knows that Nadia avoids that room. She comes in briefly each morning to tell him goodbye before leaving for work.

He resents even this brief interaction, which Nadia initiates only out of a sense of obligation. Nadia and Ali do not attempt to comfort or support each other. Each withdraws from the relationship, and they endure their grief as if they were two strangers living in a boardinghouse. Deception Through the game that Nadia and Ali play of revealing secrets, viewers learn that deception has been a theme in their relationship. They have lied to each other, and the lies have been selfish ones—told not to spare the other’s feelings but to allow the person telling the lie to escape some discomfort or sacrifice.To avoid having dinner with Ali’s mother, Nadia lied and said she had to work late. Ali told Nadia that he lost a jacket she had given him, when in reality he gave it to one of his colleagues.

As these examples of deception are revealed throughout the story, it is clear that Nadia and Ali’s emotional estrangement began before the loss of their baby. They have always dealt with difficult situations and unpleasant emotions by lying and keeping secrets. When Nadia breaks the stalemate that their grief has caused by initiating a deceptive game, she is following an established pattern.Throughout the week of power outages, Nadia appears to be reaching out to Ali. In truth, she is engineering her final separation from him. Treatment Use of dozens of everyday details to create a realistic context in which the story takes place. The realistic setting of the story and the characters in conflict, that is subtle supported by normal everyday dialogues revealing situations.

Use of chiaroscuro lighting technique with high contrasts and deep shadows. Long takes and minimal close-up cutting supported by unjustified moves by the characters showing the discomfort of the characters and their incompatibility with each other.The whole story takes place at a single location which is a house, but scenes will be shot in different places of the house such as the lounge, terrace, bedroom and kitchen. Moonlight in the terrace, candle and indoor light in the lounge, kitchen and bedroom will be used. Tempo as suggested by the plot summary doesn’t show much variation apart from the climax situation, but has a smooth tempo which is gradually rises over the time span, not showing many ups and downs. Approach Feminism The story tells us about an interaction between active woman and a passive man.The world created is one in which woman are in charge.

Woman act, man react. This state of affairs is a reversal of traditional gender roles in Pakistan. Freedom from tradition leaves Nadia and Ali to work out the terms of their relationship on their own. Individual personalities, free of cultural restrictions, shape their relationship and their lives. And in this marriage, that fact puts Nadia in the driver’s seat. Although Nadia has been changed by the loss of her child, she has found the strength and determination to restart her life.She goes to her job, and she even works out at a gym.

She still has the will to plan ahead and to take the initiative; she simply channels her energy in new directions. She initiates a game designed to gradually open a channel of communication between Ali and herself that is wide enough to accommodate the message she has to deliver. Her response to trying circumstances is to set about changing them. Ali, on the other hand, is a passive victim of those same circumstances. He stays in bed late and does not leave the house often for days.He rarely initiates interaction with Nadia; instead, he reacts to her action. When she leaves her gym shoes and satchel in the kitchen, he moves them out of his way without saying anything to her.

When Nadia suggests that they eat by candlelight, he searches out candles and lights them. When Nadia starts the game of revealing secrets, it becomes the focus of his days. He spends hours thinking about what she might say to him and what he should say to her that evening. While Nadia is out interacting with the world and creating a foundation for her future, Ali languishes.He is engaged with neither the present nor the future. In fact, he is paralyzed. These incidents and others set the stage for Nadia’s manipulation of Ali during the week of the power outages.

Readers know that Nadia is leading and Ali is following long before it is clear where they are going. Ali, however, does not even realize that Nadia is leading him until the game has played out. What lies at the heart of this story is neither a conflict between cultures nor a power struggle between the genders. The two sides are not evenly matched enough to make for a struggle.Although Ali hurts Nadia in the end by revealing a devastating secret, he is like a wounded animal whose lashing out is impulsive and, ultimately, ineffectual. Given what has transpired between Nadia and Ali, viewers have no doubt that she will recover from the blow and make a life for herself. Ali’s fate is much more uncertain.

Realism The use of realistic elements to create an unusual situation in a realistic marriage affair. It examines how a tragic loss can lead to indifference and a breakdown in communication between two people who once loved each other.The use of irony in various forms makes the transition even more emotional, for it underscores an element of suspense as it brings about the story’s denouement. Ever since the loss of their child, Nadia and Ali have lived separate lives under the same roof. Within the span of only a few months, they have constructed for themselves a routine structured on the avoidance of each other and the horrible truth that has changed their married life forever. In an effort to delay her homecoming and an inevitable confrontation with her husband, Nadia spends long hours at work.Ali, on the other hand, remains at home working on his writing.

Both husband and wife are depressed, and neither is willing to acknowledge that their marriage has lost something vital, something more than just romance. The load shedding gives the couple a chance to interact with each other once more and break this communication gap they have been living with for months. In the darkness, the couple is once more able to talk to each other. Synopsis Scene 1 (night) Introduction of the two characters. Nadia enters the house and greets Ali sitting in the lounge working on some literary project.The indifference is established among the couple through their body language and manner of greeting. Nadia, after reading the notice of load shedding, leaves the lounge and goes to her to freshen up, while Ali goes to the kitchen to heat up food where he finds some birthday candles which he takes out so they can be used when the light is out.

Scene 2 (night) Nadia comes back and they both have dinner between which the light goes out and they dine in dark with the fast melting candles on the table. Nadia proposes a game they should play telling each other something they never old before. Nadia initiates and tells him about the girl she used to be jealous of in college because she had a crush on Ali. Ali reveals a secret about their first meeting and the conversation carries on until the light is back. Scene 3 (morning) Ali is working in the nursery which they both had set for their upcoming child who unfortunately was stillborn. Ali chose this room knowing well that Nadia avoids coming into that room. Nadia enters the room and informs him that she is leaving for work.

Nadia exits followed by Ali turning around to see a wall in the room which they both over its color and goes into a flash back to a conversation in which they mutually decided that they won’t inquire about the sex of their child before the birth. Scene 4 (night) Nadia is home early and they eat together. After the light goes out, they decide to sit in the terrace. Nadia continues the game they had started the day before and this time the things told become more intense ranging from presents disliked, poems written for hated, lies told and truth hidden. The night ends with Ali holding Nadia’s hand.The darkness seemed to make the couple talk to each other once again and remove that communication gap they have been living with. Scene 5 (night) The next night after dinner both Nadia and Ali look forward to the lights being out so that once again they can share what else they had to with each other.

To their surprise the light doesn’t go out that night to which Nadia suggests to Ali that he can always switch off the lights and light the candle. Ali after doing so sits down in front of Nadia in the lounge which is followed by a silence of some seconds. Nadia gets up and switch on the lights after blowing out the candles.Ali questions Nadia’s action to which she responds that she wants him Ali to see her face when she tells him what she is about to. Ali waits anxiously to what Nadia has to tell. To his surprise Nadia informs him about her long thought out plan that she is leaving him and this house and starts to move away from the room. Ali, shocked, reveals to het the secrets, a hidden truth about the sex of their stillborn child, which he had promised himself that he will never tell her and of which Nadia doesn’t know anything.

Nadia struck hard with this secret, stops while Ali gets up and moves out of the room.

Professional Integrity Elements essay help online: essay help online

The Top Ten Academic & Professional Integrity Elements As a student at American InterContinental University we all have a certain code we must follow. Being a professional student, my duty is to abide by the rules of honesty set by the college to be professional at all I do. The code of honesty set by the college states, “that I pledge that all test taken and work submitted by me will be my original own ideas and of my own efforts. ” (Student Handbook, 2011) Showing honesty in any professional environment will bring great rewards for all who abide by the rules.Professional and academic integrity involves everyone taking responsibility for their conduct and competence. Accepting responsibility means taking care of the things that matter most to you.

It also means that even though one’s responsibilities may often change due to financial strains or any other changes at home; you are taking care of your business. When dealing with my ethics and integrity the top ten academic and professional elements that are most important to me are as follows: * Plagiarism which deals with purchasing papers or reusing a classmate’s paper as your own.It does not matter if the paper is purchased from online or from someone else; it is dishonest and considered plagiarizing. One should not purchase papers and pass it off as their own. Even though we change a few words, change the title of the paper or other sections of the paper it is still wrong and dishonest. Having your own ideas and thoughts says a great deal about the person writing the assignment. * Acquiring more skill sets to better able to support myself.

In this case, it means continuing my education. Mastering more skills will benefit any employer and oneself.Working hard and building up more skills will land the job or position that I wish to obtain to turn into my career. * Have the trust and confidence in using good judgment regarding all ethical practices set in order to maintain my high standards. Maintaining a good grade point average is of importance to me. If I fail I am the one to blame for my own misfortunes, not the teacher or any other professional at the school, especially not the family you have at home. * Providing critique of someone’s work and using inappropriate language in the discussion board area.

When completing my assignments or other work I put myself into the writer’s shoes and try to see it from their point of view. Everyone has a right to their own opinion no matter what the topic is. When critiquing someone’s work one should be nice and courteous. So as not to offend or disrespect them, maintain your honesty and be a professional about what you’re trying to say. For example, you may want to say, “With no disrespect” or one could have their own thought. * Working on group projects within a team and failure to stand by the commitment to them is considered to be offensive.All members of your group are assigned a portion of the project.

If you say you’re going to do that area and don’t you are letting your team down and yourself. When working within a group it brings a lot of greatness and joy to each member. You will be able to meet new people and learn a lot about each other. Working together gives the team more understanding about the subject being worked and gives more understanding to others that may not know a lot about what you’re working on. * Time management is important when researching your subject.It is best to do a lot of research on a subject you’re discussing so as not to give the correct information about it. Make sure you’re aware of the pros and cons before you begin the assignment.

For instance, one may wish to start the assignment early; on Sunday, and Monday one can do research about the topic and read the chapter or chapters assigned. On Tuesday and Wednesday you can write down the information needed to complete the assignment; by Thursday you can reread your thoughts and ideas about what you’ve written and Friday you can post your assignment.That way on Saturday you can be ready to reply to your discussion board as assigned by the instructor. * When posting the assignment; it is important that you go by your instructions set by the teacher. This is very important as to not submit the wrong assignment and some instructors may not wish to read the assignment if it’s not submitted correctly. Not following directions and doing your work the way you wish will cause a lot of problems. Your grades can slip, your assignments could be late and finally, you can fail your class.

For all who is continuing education if you fail your classes there are consequences set by the school and The Department of Education. If a student fails class or if their grade point average slips below the set guidelines, you can be put on probation or may even be dropped from school. Some may even require you to pay the money back. * Good communication skills are a must. Every professional has to have a clear understanding about the work being done. Communication is the key to success no matter what field or profession you’re working in. When orking on your assignments, one has to adapt to catch the audience or readers intended.

Writing and speaking clearly will get the writer’s point across about the topic being discussed. “Communicating with each other’s means that one must be able to talk or write efficiently and act a civilized way. ” (Lesikar, 2008) * When speaking or writing about a given subject I want to be honesty to the best of my ability. That is why one must completely research their given topic thoroughly. Establishing credibility means whether you’re competent at discussing your topic chosen.If you’re not honest then no one will believe you. “Competence is how an audience respects your intelligence, expertise and knowledge.

” (Lucas, 2008) Being able to supply the audience with the correct information gives them respect toward the writer due to the fact that you have a lot of input about the subject. One may wish to come to you about helping them on their work as well. It gives you great confidence knowing that you helped someone get a good grade on their work as well. * And finally, the last academic and professional element of importance to me is being professional.No matter what type of work, or project I am doing it has to be great. I won’t settle for anything less than perfect. When you’re a professional it is very important to do the work assigned to you.

If a problem arise and you don’t know what to do always ask for help. Asking for help does not say that you’re stupid it just means that you don’t understand the topic at hand. In other words, a professional is someone who shows respect, courtesy, honesty and passion to all he or she meets. This assignment had me stressed for a little while but I gave my best to complete this assignment to the best of my abilities.The education I receive is very important to me. It gives me great pleasure and so much knowledge that can be used to benefit myself and further my career. I have set many guidelines and values that I must maintain to be the best that I can be when working, going to school and succeeding in life.

One can say that ethics can be defined as having moral duties or principles and the practice between good and evil. Being ethical is showing honesty toward oneself and one another. Integrity involves when one shows or adhere to certain codes of values.

Crime and Bad Lives Are the Measure of a State’s Failures essay help from professional writers: essay help from professional writers

In today’s modern world the situation in society usually reflects back the state of the government and policy-making institutes. High crime rates, poor living conditions, poverty, malnutrition indicate state’s failure and degradation. It is a widely distributed case when the state of living is so poor that people have no choice but resort to crime to make a living.The state in this case is supposed to fail in providing a good community with jobs, appropriate living standards and thriving economy, thus it failed its main purpose of existing on the grounds that government, without reserve, is responsible for the upholding its civil on the right level. When crime, undernourishment and poverty prosper in society, it is a feature of the fact that the political system has failed to educate and equip the average individual in society with means to survive.

For instance, Louisiana, USA, reflects in one year an extremely high crime rate and also a large percentage of people with an unhealthy and pernicious lifestyle, then, the job and responsibility of the state to govern, discipline and educate has been failed. With reference to government it must be said that it should be amenable for all the implications of its unfortunate policy and failures owing to the fact that society and civilians usually suffer from the inadequate government policy.All things considered, it should be ruminated about the government’s responsibility for creating an environment which is conducive to civil and respectful behavior through the passage and implementation of regulations and rules which define appropriate behavior in a normative culture context.

Wind vs. Solar in the Race for India’s Energy Future computer science essay help: computer science essay help

Wind Vs. Solar in the Race for India’s Energy Future This article compares the present and future potential for energy production from wind and solar sources in India and presents a brief analysis of future trends in these two energy technologies. Introduction India is undergoing an energy crisis. 53% of the country’s current power needs come from coal. This highly polluting source of energy is bound to run out someday. Compared to the West, India’s energy consumption is growing at break-neck speed. As India’s poor millions advance out of poverty, they are consuming more and more power, outstripping national power production.

The negative gap between consumption and production has been increasing exponentially in the past two decades, forcing the government to buy increasing quantities of power from abroad. This trend is set to continue, with the country doubling it’s energy consumption in the next 20 years. Finding alternatives to fossil fuel-based energy sources is vital to India’s future if it wants to continue sustained growth. Careful analysis of future trends is important for providing the right information to companies wanting to get involved in energy production.

Since wind and solar energy sources are widely popular and considered to be important in India’s development of renewable energy (RE) ,an important place to begin the analysis is by studying the inherent potential for these two energy sources. In this article I will limit my analysis of the RE sector to these two energy sources. Wind potential: Currently, India is fifth in the world in terms of installed wind power capacity. It is second, only after Germany, in the rate of growth of it’s wind sector. Wind power accounts for 6% of the total installed power capacity and 1. 6% of the actual power production in India.

The total wind energy potential in India is 10 times the total installed capacity. Given these figures, it is no surprise that this source for energy production has received much attention in the past few years. The major benefits of wind power are it’s fast set-up and turnover, clean environmental record, low operating and maintenance costs, relatively low capital costs and operation without the need for high-tech equipment. These are immediately recognized as ideal conditions for any seeking a quick business solution. However, wind also comes with it’s unique disadvantages.

The most prominent of these is the fact that wind patterns vary seasonally and geographically. This means that it can only be tapped to make electricity in some localized parts of the country, and the electricity production will vary throughout the year. The map on the right shows how just a few regions of the country are suitable for wind power harvesting. The wind patterns in India have been mapped and the areas with highest wind energy potential have been identified: For those parts of the country without sustained strong winds, wind power may not be the best answer.

Solar potential: Compared to wind, India lags behind in solar power production. Only about 0. 5% of the country’s power comes from solar. This is despite the availability of plenty of solar radiation in most of the country. In fact, India is one of the best places in the world to develop solar solutions for energy. Compared to wind, solar radiation is a much more abundant resource in India. Insolation levels are high all over the country, allowing for de-centralized, off-grid approaches to power production.

Not only does this lead to a more stable system (because of less risk of any large scale power outages), but it is extremely efficient in terms of land area used (rooftops and open terraces can become energy sinks) as well as in terms of energy conservation (because inefficient, expensive and long transmission lines can be avoided). The map on the left shows how India receives an average of over 5. 6 Kilowatts /Sq. meter every day. There are some disadvantages, however. Unlike wind, solar energy cannot be harvested at night. In India, an average of 65 days of the year are overcast and radiation levels are low on those days.

Even after taking into consideration these problems, solar power still remains a much better solution to India’s energy problems in terms of total energy potential. But there is a practical technology issue that is preventing more widespread adoption of solar solutions in India. The capital needed to set up solar electric systems is really high. Currently, the electricity obtained from a solar installation costs between 6 and 10 times that obtained from conventional coal based sources. Trends in technology: Today, the focus of the renewable energy industry in India has been on wind. Solar has received much less attention.

The reason why this discrepancy between solar and wind based energy production is seen in India is the high cost of solar technology installations, both photo-voltaic and solar thermal, compared to wind technology installations. Solar photo-voltaic technology is becoming more efficient by the day. Newer and cheaper methods of producing the silicon wafers needed to make the photo-voltaic sheets used in solar installations are being created. There have been major breakthroughs in both amorphous and crystelline silicon sheets. In the US and in Europe, scientists have developed higher efficiency levels than ever before.

Today, solar paint, solar pavements, solar sheets and solar fabric have been produced. This is just the beginning in exploring the adaptability of solar cells in outdoor human activities. We may be reaching a physical limit in the efficiency of solar cells, but the cost of making these cells will come down if there is sufficient investment in this area. The reason why business and government have focused mostly on wind and not so much on solar alternatives, is because of a lack of foresight combined with a desire for fast solutions. Wind power is already an attainable goal for India.

The promise of quick economic gains is the incentive behind the recent growth in the wind sector. Investors have flooded money into the market and today the industry is spending a lot of money on increasing the total capacity, while not following through on the production. This indicates a lack of foresight in considering the limitations of wind power. The government has responded by providing incentives for the wind industry to invest more into this energy alternative, while not recognizing the need for incentives for solar that could help to develop cost-effective solar power installations.

There is no doubt that wind will continue to grow, but the current model of development is more hype than substance. The future must see a shift in this trend. Consider and compare India’s solar and wind potential in the world stage: It is clear that when the technology becomes available, solar will provide a much more reliable and productive source of power for India. This analysis concludes that for a stable energy future based on wind and solar, a balanced approach in policy and business is necessary.

On the short term, we need to focus on utilizing the wind power capacity we already have installed while encouraging companies to invest wisely in wind power. Meanwhile, a long-term strategy must seriously promote the potential for solar power in India. Investors in RE must take a long term view of solar power. The same goes for government. If too much government incentive is focused on wind and development of solar alternatives is shelved, we will have a lot of catching up to do when our demand for power becomes too high to be supported by the dwindling supply of fossil fuels.

Apple Code of Conduct college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles

Apple Supplier Code of Conduct Apple is committed to ensuring that working conditions in Apple’s supply chain are safe, that workers are treated with respect and dignity, and that manufacturing processes are environmentally responsible. Apple’s suppliers (“Suppliers”) are obligated, in all of their activities, to operate in full compliance with the laws, rules, and regulations of the countries in which they operate. This Supplier Code of Conduct (“Code”) goes further, drawing upon internationally recognized standards, in order to advance social and environmental responsibility.Apple requires that Suppliers implement this Code using the management systems described below. The Apple Supplier Code of Conduct is modeled on and contains language from the Electronic Industry Code of Conduct. Recognized standards such as International Labour Organization Standards (ILO), Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Social Accountability International (SAI), and the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) were used as references in preparing this Code and may be useful sources of additional information.

A complete list of references is provided at the end of this Code. As an extension of the Code, Apple maintains a series of detailed Standards that clarify our expectations for compliance. Labor and Human Rights Suppliers must uphold the human rights of workers, and treat them with dignity and respect as understood by the international community.Antidiscrimination Suppliers shall not discriminate against any worker based on race, color, age, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, disability, religion, political affiliation, union membership, national origin, or marital status in hiring and employment practices such as applications for employment, promotions, rewards, access to training, job assignments, wages, benefits, discipline, and termination. Suppliers shall not require a pregnancy test or discriminate against pregnant workers except where required by applicable laws or regulations or prudent for workplace safety.In addition, Suppliers shall not require workers or potential workers to undergo medical tests that could be used in a discriminatory way except where required by applicable law or regulation or prudent for workplace safety. Fair Treatment Suppliers must be committed to a workplace free of harassment.

Suppliers shall not threaten workers with or subject them to harsh or inhumane treatment, including sexual harassment, sexual abuse, corporal punishment, mental coercion, physical coercion, verbal abuse or unreasonable restrictions on entering or exiting company provided facilities.Prevention of Involuntary Labor Suppliers shall not use any form of forced, bonded, indentured, or prison labor. All work must be voluntary and workers shall be free to leave work or terminate their employment with reasonable notice. Workers must not be required to surrender any government-issued identification, passports, or work permits as a condition of employment. Suppliers shall ensure that third party labor agencies providing workers are compliant with the provisions of the Code and sending country and receiving country laws, whichever is more stringent in its protection of workers.Suppliers shall ensure that contracts for both direct and contract workers clearly convey the conditions of employment in a language understood by the worker. Suppliers shall be responsible for payment of all fees and expenses in excess of the amount equal to one month of the worker’s anticipated net wages.

Such fees and expenses include, but are not limited to expenses associated with recruitment, processing or placement of both direct and contract Workers. Prevention of Under Age Labor Child labor is strictly prohibited.Suppliers shall not employ children. The minimum age for employment or work shall be 15 years of age, the minimum age for employment in that country, or the age for completing compulsory education in that country, whichever is higher. This Code does not prohibit participation in legitimate workplace apprenticeship programs that are consistent with Article 6 of ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138 or light work consistent with Article 7 of ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138.

Juvenile Labor Suppliers may employ juveniles who are older than the applicable legal minimum age for employment but are younger than 18 years of age, provided they do not perform work likely to jeopardize their heath, safety, or morals, consistent with ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138. Working Hours Except in Emergency or Unusual Situations, a workweek shall be restricted to 60 hours, including overtime, workers shall be allowed at least one day off every seven-days, and overtime shall be voluntary.Under no circumstances will workweeks exceed the maximum permitted under applicable laws and regulations. Suppliers must offer vacation time, leave periods, and holidays consistent with applicable laws and regulations. Wages and Benefits Suppliers must pay all workers at least the minimum wage required by applicable laws and regulations and provide all legally mandated benefits. In addition to their compensation for regular hours of work, workers must be compensated for overtime hours at the premium rate required by applicable laws and regulations.

Suppliers shall not use deductions from wages as a disciplinary measure. Workers must be paid in a timely manner, and the basis on which workers are being paid must be clearly conveyed to them in a timely manner. Freedom of Association Suppliers must respect the right of workers to associate freely, form and join workers organizations of their own choosing, seek representation, and bargain collectively, as permitted by and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.Suppliers shall not discriminate with respect to employment based on union membership and, in particular, shall not make employment subject to the condition that the worker relinquish union membership or agree not to join a union or cause the dismissal of or otherwise prejudice a worker by reason of union membership or participation in union activities outside working hours (or within working hours if the Supplier has consented to such activities or if required by applicable law or regulation).Suppliers must protect against acts of interference with the establishment, functioning, or administration of workers’ organizations in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Health and Safety Apple recognizes that integrating sound health and safety management practices into all aspects of business is essential to maintain high morale and produce innovative products. Suppliers must be committed to creating safe working conditions and a healthy work environment for all of their workers.

Occupational Injury Prevention Suppliers must eliminate physical hazards where possible.Where physical hazards cannot be eliminated, Suppliers must provide appropriate engineering controls such as physical guards, interlocks, and barriers. Where appropriate engineering controls are not possible, Suppliers must establish appropriate administrative controls such as safe work procedures. In all cases, Suppliers must provide workers appropriate personal protective equipment. Workers must have the right to refuse unsafe working conditions without fear of reprisal until management adequately addresses their concerns.Prevention of Chemical Exposure Suppliers must identify, evaluate, and control worker exposure to hazardous chemical, biological, and physical agents. Suppliers must eliminate chemical hazards where possible.

Where chemical hazards cannot be eliminated, Suppliers must provide appropriate engineering controls such as closed systems and ventilation. Where appropriate engineering controls are not possible, Suppliers must establish appropriate administrative controls such as safe work procedures. In all cases, Suppliers must provide workers appropriate personal protective equipment.Emergency Prevention, Preparedness, and Response Suppliers must anticipate, identify, and assess emergency situations and events and minimize their impact by implementing emergency plans and response procedures, including emergency reporting, worker notification and evacuation procedures, worker training and drills, appropriate first-aid supplies, appropriate fire detection and suppression equipment, adequate exit facilities, and recovery plans. Occupational Safety Procedures and Systems Suppliers must establish procedures and systems to manage, track, and report occupational injury and illness.Such procedures and systems should encourage worker reporting, classify and record injury and illness cases, investigate cases and implement corrective actions to eliminate their causes, provide necessary medical treatment, and facilitate the workers’ return to work. Ergonomics Suppliers must identify, evaluate, and control worker exposure to physically demanding tasks, including manual material handling, heavy lifting, prolonged standing, and highly repetitive or forceful assembly tasks.

Dormitory and Dining Suppliers must provide workers with clean toilet facilities, access to potable water, and sanitary food preparation and storage facilities. Worker dormitories provided by the Supplier or a labor agent must be clean and safe and provide adequate emergency egress, adequate heat and ventilation, reasonable personal space, and reasonable entry and exit privileges. Communication In order to foster a safe work environment, Suppliers shall ensure that workers receive appropriate workplace health and safety information and training, including written health and safety information and warnings in the primary language f its workers. Suppliers must post Material Safety Data Sheets in the primary language of its workers for any hazardous or toxic substances used in the workplace and properly train workers who will come into contact with such substances in the workplace. Worker Health and Safety Committees Suppliers are encouraged to initiate and support worker health and safety committees to enhance ongoing health and safety education and to encourage worker input regarding health and safety issues in the workplace.The Environment At Apple, environmental considerations are an integral part of our business practices. Suppliers must be committed to reducing the environmental impact of their designs, manufacturing processes, and waste emissions.

Hazardous Substance Management and Restrictions Suppliers must comply with the most recent version of Apple’s Regulated Substances Specification, 069-0135 and with any applicable laws and regulations prohibiting or restricting specific substances.To ensure safe handling, movement, storage, recycling, reuse, and disposal, Suppliers must identify and manage substances that pose a hazard if released to the environment and comply with applicable labeling laws and regulations for recycling and disposal. Wastewater and Solid Waste Emissions Wastewater and solid waste generated from operations, industrial processes, and sanitation facilities must be monitored, controlled, and treated as required by applicable laws and regulations before discharge or disposal.Air Emissions Air emissions of volatile organic chemicals, aerosols, corrosives, particulates, ozone depleting chemicals, and combustion by-products generated from operations must be characterized, monitored, controlled, and treated as required by applicable laws and regulations before discharge. Environmental Permits and Reporting Suppliers must obtain, maintain, and keep current all required environmental permits (e. g. discharge monitoring) and registrations and follow the operational and reporting requirements of such permits.

Pollution Prevention and Resource Reduction Suppliers must endeavor to reduce or eliminate waste of all types, including water and energy, by implementing appropriate conservation measures in their facilities, in their maintenance and production processes, and by recycling, re-using, or substituting materials. Ethics Suppliers must be committed to the highest standards of ethical conduct when dealing with workers, suppliers, and customers. Corruption, Extortion, or Embezzlement Corruption, extortion, and embezzlement, in any form, are strictly prohibited.Suppliers shall not engage in corruption, extortion or embezzlement in any form and violations of this prohibition may result in immediate termination as an Apple Supplier and in legal action. Disclosure of Information Suppliers must disclose information regarding its business activities, structure, financial situation, and performance in accordance with applicable laws and regulations and prevailing industry practices. No Improper Advantage Suppliers shall not offer or accept bribes or other means of obtaining undue or improper advantage.Fair Business, Advertising, and Competition Suppliers must uphold fair business standards in advertising, sales, and competition.

Whistleblower Protection and Anonymous Complaints Suppliers must create programs to ensure the protection of Supplier and worker whistleblower confidentiality and prohibit retaliation against workers who participate in such programs in good faith or refuse an order that is in violation of the Apple Supplier Code of Conduct.Suppliers shall provide an anonymous complaint mechanism for workers to report workplace grievances in accordance with local laws and regulations. Community Engagement Suppliers are encouraged to engage the community to help foster social and economic development and to contribute to the sustainability of the communities in which they operate. Protection of Intellectual Property Suppliers must respect intellectual property rights; safeguard customer information; and transfer of technology and know-how must be done in a manner that protects intellectual property rights. Management SystemsSuppliers must adopt or establish a management system designed to ensure compliance with this Code and applicable laws and regulations, identify and mitigate related operational risks, and facilitate continuous improvement. ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, Eco Management and Audit System (EMAS) may be useful resources. The management system should contain the following elements: Company Commitment A corporate social and environmental responsibility statement affirming the Supplier’s commitment to compliance and continual improvement, to be posted in the primary local language at all of the Supplier’s worksites.

Management Accountability and Responsibility Clearly identified company representatives responsible for ensuring implementation and periodic review of the status of the Supplier’s management systems. Legal and Customer Requirements A process to identify, monitor, and understand applicable laws and regulations and the additional requirements imposed by this Code. Supplier shall obtain, maintain and keep current a valid business license as required by applicable laws and regulations.Risk Assessment and Management A process to identify environmental, health and safety, business ethics, labor, human rights and legal compliance risks associated with their operations, determine the relative significance of each risk, and implement appropriate procedures and physical controls to ensure compliance and control the identified risks. Risk assessments for health and safety must include warehouse and storage facilities, plant and facility support equipment, laboratories and test areas, bathrooms, kitchens, cafeterias, and worker housing.Performance Objectives with Implementation Plans and Measures Written standards, performance objectives, targets, and implementation plans, including a periodic assessment of the Supplier’s performance against those objectives. Training Programs for training managers and workers to implement the Supplier’s policies, procedures, and improvement objectives.

Communication A process for communicating clear and accurate information about the Supplier’s performance, practices, and expectations to its workers, Suppliers, and customers.Worker Feedback and Participation An ongoing process to obtain feedback on processes and practices related to this Code and to foster continuous improvement. Audits and Assessments Periodic self-evaluations to ensure that the Supplier, its subcontractors and its next-tier Suppliers are complying with this Code and with applicable laws and regulations. Apple may visit (and/or have external monitors visit) Supplier facilities, with or without notice, to assess compliance with this Code and to audit Supplier’s wage, hour, payroll, and other worker records and practices.

How Urban Legends Work extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

Name: Fabio Carvalho How Urban Legends Work BY Tom Harris (Summary) Tom Harris has come up with a number of definitions for urban legend. To me, a legend must be a story, with characters and some sort of plot. Others lump widely dispersed misinformation into the urban-legend category. For example, the erroneous belief that you will automatically pass all of your college courses in a semester if your roommate kills himself is generally considered to be an urban legend.

While these “facts” don’t always have the narrative elements of traditional legend, they are passed from person to person and frequently have the elements of caution, horror or humor found in legends. Particular urban legends may be spread either as fact or as a story. For example, someone could tell you that there are giant alligators in New York’s sewers, or he could tell you a riveting story about a group of kids who stumbled upon such an animal. The methods of passing urban legends have evolved over time.

In the past 10 years, there has been a huge surge of urban legends on the internet. The most common venue is forwarded e-mail.. This storytelling method is unique because usually the story is not reinterpreted by each person who passes it on. A person simply clicks the “Forward” icon in their e-mail and types in all his friends’ e-mail addresses. Having the original story gives e-mail legends a feeling of legitimacy. You don’t know the original author, but they are speaking directly to you.

Socially Useful Productive Activity free college essay help: free college essay help

Even my NGO (Deepalaya) had apprehensions as to how much we will be able to contribute in such a short time span. But after going through the whole exercise I can say that this course will surely be one of the highlights of my two year PGDM. SUPA helped me create a bond with Deepalaya that will definitely last a lifetime. I always wanted an NGO that is involved in education, so Deepalaya was perfect choice.

Not only had it made me sensitive towards people who are underprivileged it also gave me a sense of pride of being a part of a worthy cause.It was an eye-opener to see that so many things that we take for granted are a distant dream for the majority in our country. If my work changes the life of even one child I would consider these 22 days being worth every single second. So I take this opportunity to specially thank Prof. J. Philip, President XIME and Prof. S.

D. Tyagaraj, Dean XIME for coming up with such an innovative and socially responsible course. I am surprised that XIME is the only management institute that offers such a course, after all it’s not just the corporate’ that require efficient management.In a country like ours where there is extreme inequality in the society it becomes absolutely imperative that people like us come forward and contribute in our own little way. Today management professionals are venturing into social welfare, I hope this XIME initiative gives a boost to this trend and that many more institute’ follow suit. When I pass out of XIME one and a half years from now and look back at the two years I spent here, I would rate SUPA above all the other courses that I studied. At this point I have to acknowledge a few people who made my involvement with Deepalaya fruitful; Mr.

The answer came pretty quickly, it was ‘Education’. Education is the only cause that I could see myself joining because I consider it to be the difference between success and failure. In our country literacy rate is just 66%, which is way below what we are achieving for. I am not just talking about formal education but also professional as well as vocational education. These high levels of illiteracy create a workforce that is unskilled and is unable to achieve its maximum potential. It is the reason why education has been the focus of our government, with ‘Right to Education’ being a big step.Education gives you a platform from which you build a career for yourself and become a responsible citizen.

‘Money is a current asset but education is a fixed one that gives dividends in the long run’. So finding an NGO with its roots deep into education was my primary focus. Once I decided on the cause, I started searching for an NGO in Delhi/NCR which serves the cause that is close to my heart. I have been lucky to be born in a family that could afford my education. So I was looking for an organization that helps in educating people who are not so lucky.Our course outlines that we have to get in touch with that other part of society. Deepalaya fit the bill perfectly as its primary focus was on education, especially child education.

Every person you educate is a small effort in making a ‘self reliant’ society, which is Deepalaya’s motto. My own background check confirmed the credibility of the NGO so I didn’t think twice about sending an application. I am glad that it was accepted and I got a chance to make good friends and contribute to the society in my own personal way. SUPA Report: Denny Thomas Page 4 About Deepalaya Vision

The Audit Report Was Timely, but at What Cost? college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

This is intended to distinguish the report from a compilation or review report. The scope paragraph (see part 4) clari? es what is meant by an audit. Second, it lists the ? nancial statements that were audited, including the balance sheet dates and the accounting periods for the income statement and statement of cash ? ows. The wording of the ? nancial statements in the report should be identical to those used by management on the ? nancial statements.

Notice that the report in Figure 3-1 is on comparative ? nancial statements. Therefore, a report on both years’ statements is needed.Third, the introductory paragraph states that the statements are the responsibility of management and that the auditor’s responsibility is to express an opinion on the statements based on an audit. The purpose of these statements is to communicate that management is responsible for selecting the appropriate generally accepted accounting principles and making the measurement decisions and disclosures in applying those principles and to clarify the respective roles of management and the auditor. 4. Scope paragraph. The scope paragraph is a factual statement about what the auditor did in the audit.

The Parable of the Sadhu instant essay help: instant essay help

The Parable of the Sadhu 1) McCoy is the type of person who is involved with ethics in a way that can benefit the entire group, he rationalizes his decisions by his ethical knowledge. Although yes McCoy did do something wrong. He ignored the fact that there was a dying man in front of his feet, and he refused to care for him more than he had already. This wrong decision was created due to his belief in Group Ethics and not Individual Ethics, he refused to think harder at the matter and simply believed in writing rather than common sense. ) McCoy’s decision can be justified by a few reasons, in that he used his knowledge of Ethical Decisions to avoid Ethical Lapses in the matter. McCoy had actually shown a central force that affected his decisions into the matter, he was following the force of “Distancing from Responsibility” As he was trying to not get too personal with the decision at hand, this can be both a defense argument and a flaw. McCoy had developed his knowledge of avoiding ethical lapses. He introduced his ethical education into the matter which made it easier to come up with a fair decision.

He also was trying to Lead by example to the others with him on the trip so that no one could jeopardize their activity. 3) This is an example of an ethical decision that is morally wrong, it is where the person thinks of himself rather than the individual, this falls into the Second Stage of the Moral Development. The preconventional stage, Stage two: Individual instrumental purpose. This is where the person determines what is right or wrong by making actions that best serve their needs or wants.

If the Sadhu had been a beautiful woman for instance, McCoy would have immeadiatelly stopped and helped because he believes that helping a woman would gain him a reward or would make the woman fall for him at some point. However that should not matter at all, an individual is an individual whether an old man, a child, or a woman, none of that should matter in the world of Ethics. 4) A : Standards at 15 – 20 thousand feet would matter in all sense of the situation, after all our decisions are hindered by the fact that we can no longer think straight due to the external pressure that is engulfing our minds.

The tempreature is also another factor, as it is freezing the body cannot create well and ethical decisions this falls into the category of External Pressure. It is where the person is affected by whats around him which disables him from coming up with proper decisions. B : When other groups of people are around you in a situation where you have to create an ethical decision you have to initiate a method to avoid ethical lapses which is to “Lead By Example” to show the individuals around you that you can handle the situation well enough to avoid lapses of any sort.

Which makes us more responsible. C : In my belief, what needs to change to create better outcomes would be Communication between the individuals, because communications tend to break down which cause morally wrong decisions as we have witnessed involving the Sadhu. The reason that communication needs to change is that so people can openly discuss their problems with one another so that they can feel at ease and can think properly while together and not create rational behaviors of the matter.

Bread Mold Experiment argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Bread Mold Experiment By: Stephanie Westover PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment will be to determine how temperature affects the growth of mold on wheat bread.

The researchers choose this topic because she thinks it will be beneficial to find a way to keep food from molding. Determining how long bread can be stored before molding can help save money, prevent illness and preserve freshness. The question the researcher will attempt to answer is how freezing affects the rate of mold growth in wheat bread.The information gathered in this experiment may be relevant to those individuals who contend with food borne molds at home, or professionally. Because the rate of mold growth can vary depending on the type of bread tested, the researcher will limit this study to a commonly available variety of wheat bread that can found in most stores. This will make the results of this experiment more relevant to average consumers and it will enable the results to be generalized across a larger selection of commercially produced wheat breads.Having some understanding of common practices regarding food storage and mold growth, the researcher sought out formal studies of food borne mold growth to help develop my hypothesis.

What the researcher discovered was that food storage at low temperature slows many of the enzymatic reactions involved in spoilage and reduces the growth rate of microorganisms. (Microsoft Encarta, 2007) This literature review shows that refrigeration slows the growth rate of mold. Further, the article demonstrated that refrigerators should be kept at temperatures 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit to minimize bacterial growth.In this procedure the researcher discovered that refrigeration does indeed slow the growth rate of mold. Many organisms will not grow at all or will grow at a slower rate if stored in low temperatures. While low temperatures are not bactericidal, the low temperatures do slow the growth rate of bacteria. Although a few microbes will grow in super cooled solutions as low as minus 20o c, most foods are well-preserved against microbial growth in the household freezer.

(Todar, Kenneth, 2011) In this article it states that even a household freezer can preserve foods against growth of mold if set at the right temperature.The researcher discovered that the zip lock baggie that the freezer in this experiment did in fact preserve the bread against the growth of mold. DESIGN The experiment design will be as follows: The researcher will purchase a loaf of commercially produced wheat bread and record the rate of mold growth on that bread over a period of 10 days at three different temperatures. The researcher will use commercial grade thermometers placed in a standard refrigerator, freezer and kitchen countertop to measure temperature. A commercial grade thermometer was used as it is close to the same type used in a typical restaurant.The researcher will place one piece of bread in a clear, sealed zip lock bag and put one of those bags in each of the three temperatures zones. Zip lock baggies were chosen over any other standard container because it was the best choice to keep out any bacteria that might give false results.

She will remove each test bag from its controlled temperature zone and measure the mold growth on each piece of bread through the clear zip lock bag using a fractional ruler. The researcher will record those measurements in a log book noting the time, temperature variation if any, and size of mold growth in inches.She will then immediately replace the bag back into its respective temperature zone. The researcher will repeat those measurements for 10 days and summarize my findings at that time. The researcher will be using commercially available wheat bread so that the results of this experiment can be at least partially generalized to all commercial bread products. She will be using common temperature settings throughout the experiment to mimic what is found not only in most households, but also in many commercial food establishments.

Huntingtons Disease Nontraditional Inheritance easy essay help: easy essay help

DNA, the chemical that makes up our genes, contains a “code” of three letter words known as “codons” or “trinucleotide repeats. ” Many genes normally contain a trinucleotide repeat, which is present several times. When the number of repeats increases to a larger than normal number of copies, the DNA is altered, and the gene may not function correctly or at all (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008). Huntington’s Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Males and females are equally likely to inherit the mutant gene.

The change in the gene takes place when the gene is passed from parent to child. Nontraditional inheritance plays a role in the development of HD when symptoms appear at an earlier age with each generation. The mutant genes repeat more times than the usual number in normal copies of these genes. It is not clear what causes a trinucleotide repeat to multiply into more copies than it should in a gene. Sometimes, a person may have more than the usual number of copies, but not enough to alter the function of the gene” (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008).

The higher numbers of repeats in each copy of the HD gene, the earlier the symptoms appear (“Huntington’s disease,” 2009). This is evident in the pedigree beginning with Martha and Horace. Martha died ten years after symptoms of HD appeared and her son, Allen also died ten years after his diagnosis. Martha’s symptoms appeared at 55 years of age, her son Allen’s symptoms appeared at 50 years of age and his children’s symptoms appeared between the ages of 37-40.

If the mutant HD gene is inherited from the father, the chance of the number of repeats is greater than if inherited from the mother. Either the number of times a repeat can change during transmission can expand or contract, thereby changing the way and age in which HD presents itself. The risk for developing HD for the members of the fifth generation (unborn children of Joseph and Becky) are 50/50 because even though Joseph has no symptoms at age 27, he has a 50/50 chance of having the gene and passing it on to his children.

My Most Frightening Day need essay help: need essay help

My Most Frightening Day Most people don’t have any idea when their most frightening day will be, it could have been when they were young or maybe it has not quite happened yet. I did not have the luxury of surprise although I also didn’t exactly have a day marked on my calendar.

I knew my most frightening day would come when a doctor called my house and informed my family that my great grandpa Papahualo had two weeks to live, and my dad informed me that we were going to fly out there to be with him.He was like a father to my dad and he traveled with us most everywhere we went and now, we were going to be with him before his greatest journey yet. I had been planning to go to New York during winter break; I was hoping to spend time with Papahualo as I went around sight-seeing and getting to know the city. This was not the trip I had planned at all. It wasn’t during winter break, it was two weeks before classes would begin for me, and this was not how I wanted to see him.The last time I had seen Papahualo was one year before when he was strong as a horse and could still pick me up when he gave an extra strong hug. We bought the tickets two days in advance and everything happened so fast that it almost seemed like a dream.

Papahualo was one of the healthiest, strongest people I knew. He was not the frail old man the doctor described over phone with his organs slowly shutting down. On the plane everything felt normal, like any other trip, I am used to traveling, but never like this.Even though the flight was short it felt like a nerve racking eternity of uncertainty, I couldn’t get a wink of sleep. I was sure I would break down sometime on the plane, if not then maybe once we got there and everything stopped feeling like a dream and became real but that moment never came. We went almost immediately to the hospital and although I ran scenario after scenario in my mind of what it would be like, I had no idea what to expect.My Papahualo’s lungs were filled with water and due to his organs shutting down, especially the kidneys and liver he didn’t look pale but instead a slight yellow color took over.

As of the day before he had stopped being able to talk, he was so weak and fragile he barely resembled the man I knew wrinkle by wrinkle in my memories. He was so sedated for the pain that he was only capable of sleeping, I was told he had been slightly delusional and I wasn’t sure if he would even know who I was. The nurses and doctors had been having issues with him wanting to get up and leave.They just could not understand that nothing ever stopped him from being independent and able to live just like them only weeks before. He had raised or taken care of so many children, grand children, nephews, nieces and even great grandchildren but had never had to be taken care of to this extent. I spent the first night at his bedside on a reclining chair, it was not the most comfortable sleeping arrangement but it was better than the chair my aunt kindly offered to sleep in. The first time he opened his eyes I filled with excitement and fear all at the same time.

I leaned in and asked if he knew who I was, he whispered “of course” and squeezed my hand as if he would never let go. That’s what I wanted deep down, I never wanted to say goodbye I had never even so much as given a thought to it. How do you say goodbye to someone who has always been there and watched you grow? How do you let go of someone who has meant so much to you for so long that a future without them seems impossible? I was holding my breath waiting for him to take his last. It is the scariest thing I have ever had to do.The second night I spent the same, just holding his hand and staying awake until around six in the morning when my aunt or uncle would wake up and take over my shift, the nurses were not the only ones up around the clock. By the third night my family may as well have locked me up in my aunts’ house, they insisted I need to take care of myself too and finally go home, eat a good meal and get some real rest. The fourth night was my last night in New York.

My great grandpa had finally been transported to a hospice and we knew it was now only a matter of time.It was decided that my two aunts and uncle would stay overnight with him but I begged and was allowed to stay instead of my uncle. He was surrounded by family from the beginning but now even more than ever with people from the area were even coming to visit trying to give their last goodbyes and sharing memories with the rest of us. He was so respected, admired, and loved; no one ever had anything bad to say of him and this was not just because of the circumstances. As it got later the family proceeded to clear out, leaving me with my aunts.I was reading my book and positioned myself as usual by his bedside until the familiar sound of his peaceful breathing began to change and slow down. Was this the moment everyone has been dreading? I put my book down, got out of my chair and walked closer.

I wasn’t alone because my aunts immediately were asking him if he was okay and comfortable enough and the mandatory things they’d say when he opened his eyes or got their attention. As he was breathing slower and slower my heart raced faster and faster, I squeezed his hand and I felt him still holding on.I looked into his eyes and tried to find a conscious mind behind the stare but there was none. My aunt called her sister and explained their dad wasn’t breathing the same “he’s breathing too slowly, he’s taking so long to breathe …he’s not breathing anymore”. I closed his eyes for him, which I felt was an honor because only one person could ever put you at your final peace like that. I didn’t say anything because there was nothing left to say, I had been talking to him in the few moments we had alone and he knew I loved him very much. Words were not needed at the moment just a few silent tears.

Then came the duty of delivering some phone calls out to family, and I had to maintain calm. I cannot describe all the emotions I went through in those four days; twenty six letters in different combinations could not possibly express the love, pain, exhaustion and fear that passed through me. I have never seen someone losing their life slowly before my eyes, but it’s a feeling I will never forget and one that scared me beyond what I can explain. I don’t wish it on anyone but in a way I also do feel special to have truly been there until the very end. Rest in peace Marino Eduardo Pacheco Alegre, better known as my Papahualo.

Japanese Canadians During Wwii gp essay help: gp essay help

Japanese people were blamed for everything from a bad crop to a flat tire” (Biase). Japanese Canadians claimed they were given many dirty and hateful looks, and overheard “people cursing at Japanese for their car troubles” (Biase). The Japanese Canadians were being punished for a crime they did not commit.

Canada’s only defence for its actions was that, “Japanese people were not white and they ‘could’ be spies” (Biase). This meant people were suspicious and literally afraid of Japanese for being spies sent from Japan.As a result, Japanese Canadians had to deal with being blamed for things they did not deserve, thus resulting in being treated unjustly as a human being. This notice was distributed throughout British Columbia. If any Japanese were found in the prohibited areas listed, they would be incarcerated. Thirdly, the Japanese Canadians were sent to internment camps across Canada against their will. In Canada, there were 10 internment camps where, “3 were road camps, 2 were prisoner of war camps (POW) and 5 were self-supporting camps” (Robinson).

Internment camps is a “large detention center created for political opponents, enemy aliens, people with mental illness, members of specific ethnic or religious groups, civilian inhabitants of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, usually during a war” (Dictionary). In this case, internment camps in Canada at the time were designed for only Japanese Canadians. Internment camps were labour/work camps, which required heavy-duty work for the 22,000 imprisoned Japanese Canadians to do.Since World War II caused a large shortage of farmers, especially sugar beet farmers, the Security Commission Council organized, “Sugar beet projects to combat the labour shortage. This gave Japanese males a choice. The choice was to work in road camps as slaves or go to the beet camps and be with their families. Working in the beet camp was the choice taken by the majority of Japanese married men” (Biase).

Considering the Japanese Canadians had to live inside the camps, the living conditions inside the internment camps were poor. They were crowded and were primitive with no electricity or running water.A story from Hideo Kukubo tells what life was like during the war: “I was in that camp for four years. When it got cold the temperature went down to as much as 60 below. The buildings stood on flat land beside a lake. We lived in huts with no insulation. Even if we had the stove burning the inside of the windows would all be frosted up and white, really white.

I had to lie in bed with everything on that I had… at one time there were 720 people there, all men, and a lot of them were old men. ” This is just one of the many horrible stories the Japanese Canadians experienced.Therefore, the Japanese Canadians were treated unfairly when they were forced to work and live in internment camps. In conclusion, the Japanese Canadians suffered during the period 1929 to 1945.

They had their property and rights taken from them, they were blamed for unnecessary things and forced into camps where labour was the only thing you did all day. Therefore, when Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced a historic redress settlement for the Japanese Canadians on September 22, 1988, it truly was the best thing to do, even though it was long overdue.

Parental Control – the Correct Approach? argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

Parental Control – The Correct Approach? It is the role of the parents to guide their child, to ensure that the child follows the right path, whatever that path may be. After all, it is the parent who possesses the greatest influence on the direction chosen by the child, and his ultimate success in life. What parent has not felt the weight of this responsibility? Too often, parents faced with the pressure to provide such guidance to their children utilize questionable parenting practices which alienate the child, and yield results contrary to their intent. Children must be allowed independence, in order to fully develop as human beings.

They must be allowed their own dreams and aspirations, and the freedom to choose what they wish to be. Children raised under strict supervision lack the confidence, independence, and social development necessary to become successful members of society. By looking at the consequences of authoritarian parenting, it is clear that today’s parents must not resort to the use of authority in the raising of their children, and should instead utilize responsive parenting techniques focused on providing children with the best possible environment for personal growth.

Perhaps the most severe consequence of controlling parenting is the lack of unconditional love as perceived by the child. Warmth and affection are vital for a child’s emotional development. Children who are faced with such demands as may be made by a more authoritarian parent do not see their parents’ love as unconditional, but rather come to believe that only by meeting these demands can they secure their parents’ affection. A study published by the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health concluded that “early nurturing and warmth have long-lasting positive effects on mental health well into adulthood. ”[ ] The reverse is also true.

Children who don’t perceive this warmth from their parents demonstrate high levels of stress and anxiety, and a low sense of self worth. Such traits are hardly conducive to positive personal development. Authoritarian parents desire complete control over their children. Ironically, such practices as employed by these parents could well result in a complete inability to influence their children. Children, in times of need, will naturally turn to one they feel loved and accepted by. Often, this will not be the authoritarian parent. By alienating their children, parents are weakening their own ability to guide and influence them.

Children of authoritarian parents are far more likely to turn to their peers when confronted with difficult decisions, lessening the role of the parent in their development. [ ] As a result, parents are unable to provide their children with the guidance they need to successfully grow and develop into proper adults. While emotional development is integral to happiness, competence, both social and intellectual, plays a considerable role in success. Proponents of more stringent control often cite the comparatively high levels of academic achievement displayed by the children raised in these conditions.

Despite the proposed slight correlation demand and control have with academic averages, it does not result in true intellectual capability. These individuals face significant pressure to achieve. As a result, they are likely to be focused on the outcome, and focus on rote memorization of concepts instead of logic and critical reasoning abilities. Control advocates fail to consider how such an environment actually affects intellectual development, which is stunted in favour of short term test scores. In fact, even this dubious correlation is questionable.

While some studies have suggested such a relationship, others have shown opposing results. In a study conducted in 1999, Melissa Kamins and Carol Dweck concluded that shaming children for poor performance, a common practice of controlling parents, results in even poorer performance on problem solving tasks. [ ] There is however, no argument as to the effect of authoritarian parenting on the social abilities of recipients. Children and adolescents from controlling families exhibit far weaker social skills on average than their counterparts from more reactive ones.

This assertion has been confirmed by multiple studies across many different populations. [ ] [ ] [ ] Social competence is arguably even more important than intellectual capabilities. These are the skills which help us create and maintain relationships with others, and are paramount to both personal and professional success. Advocates of strict parental control also insist that such control imparts the child with a sense of responsibility. Nothing could be further from the truth. A child who is raised under strict control does not know discipline, only the fear of punishment.

Problem behaviour is less present, but there is no true sense of responsibility involved. The child is taught blind obligation to authority without question. Under these conditions, the child cannot develop his own moral compass and discipline. Experimental research has shown that authoritarian parenting is in fact more likely to create children less capable of moral reasoning when compared to other parenting styles. [ ] By not allowing the child to think for himself, and enforcing compliance and obedience, parents are destroying the child’s individuality.

As in adult, such a child will always rely on others to make decisions for him, because self-reasoning and critical thinking were not encouraged in his childhood. Parents, as the guardians of the next generation, are tasked with the crucial responsibility of raising their children to become functional, successful individuals. Now, more than ever, it is vital for parents to realize that control and authority are not the answers to successful child rearing. Such practices could have grave implications on the future of our society if they were allowed to spread unchecked.

The Feeling of Joy college essay help free: college essay help free

Joy “Joy comes from happiness within and looking at things from a different point of view” Joy means “an act of happiness”. When we hear the word joy or even think of it, what really comes to mind? Happiness, bliss and cheerfulness, happiness is one of the major factor’s that help us to understand what joy really is. Most people are joyful when they succeed, because joy comes from success. They base their joy on success because it’s big representation in life.

Can joy really come from success because, when we think of success it usually involves having a lot of money or being famous.Sadly, joy has been mistaken for success when we don’t know the true meaning of joy. People usually think of success as having your picture on the cover of magazines, in movie scenes and having people talk about you on a daily base. They don’t realize that people who attain success in this way all the time are not happy, because it’s not something they really want to do. Most successful people are not happy with the success they have, because they can’t find joy in what they do. This is the reason why most successful people fall under the influence of drugs and alcohol, because they can’t take the pressure of having that type of success.In fact, success with the involvement of fame and money cannot give you joy because it only takes away the true definition of what joy is.

Joy can only come from success if it is attaining something that you wanted for so long. When people experience true success they are happy. Success can’t come overnight, but with hard work and dedication you can become a true success and this when you really feel the joy of having success. Joy can only come from success if you’re truly happy with what you’re doing to be successful. Having success and joy in life is what everyone one wants and ask for.When you really have both there’s nothing else you could ask for, because you have just accomplish what everyone in the world wants and desire. There for great joy can only come from true success.

Joy is falling in love, making new friends or spending time with old ones, sweet dreams and watching a baby take his first step or say their first word. Without love, friendship and family can a person get joy? Love comes from having true feelings and affection for someone special. Being loved by family and friends is the greatest feeling in the world.We look to family and friends for the strength to go out through days when we can’t make and once we get the moral support and love from them it’s all we really need. Friendship is having someone who is there for you when they are most needed. They help you up when you’re down and stand for everything you do in life. Friends take care of you when you’re at you’re worst.

Their strong for you when you cry and wipe your tears for you and always say “it’s going to be ok”. As family we fight and we argue, but without family we would not have the support system that we truly need to make it in life.Family take us back when we have hurt them, betrayed them and disowned them. Without family how could we really make it? Without any of this I don’t think a person could have joy and only with true success can we attain everything that we need, so that we can have the true feeling of joy. The Browns were having their annual picnic, the sun was burning and the family was enjoying each other’s company. Around the same time last summer they did the same thing, but at their last picnic two of the family members had an argument.They went on for at least two hours arguing, their grandmother tried to calm each of them down but it didn’t work.

Sean was fed up with his cousin Fred that he was arguing with; so he left the picnic and went on his way. Later during the week he called the family and told them that he wouldn’t be coming around anymore because he don’t feel like he need them for anything. Sean got into trouble with the law an realized that he didn’t have anybody to run to or call. Little that he knew, his cousin Fred was at the scene when he got arrested and showed up at the police station to sign his bail.When he got out and realized that it was Fred who had done this for him he was overwhelmed, because he thought that his family had forgot about him just like he told them he would do to them. Joy that comes from outside influence is base on money, fame and success. The joy that we feel inside comes from knowing that we are loved, can make a person smile and also going on throughout the day knowing we have good health and strength.

Some years ago, a man by the name of Sam Brown thought he knew the true meaning of joy. He had success and the money to go with it.People adored him for what he did and everywhere he went some knew his name. All of this made him feel like he was on top of the world. Until one day it hit him that this wasn’t what he really wanted, he didn’t have his family for the moral support he needed and didn’t have real friends that actually cared for him. He then realized this when he had a heart attack, and no one who’d flock around him was at his bedside to talk to him. He disowned his family and where he came from for success and in the end he realized that he only had money and nothing else to go with it.

Broiler and Chicken “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu

Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. “I used to eat chicken without much thought about where it came from, or how and by whom it was raised and processed. Life was much easier then. ” So states Steve Striffler at the beginning of his book Chicken, The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. Similar thoughts are beginning to resonate in the minds of millions of people living in the developed world, who like Steve Striffler, have no particular interest in animal rights.

In fact, Chicken, apparently the only recent book to deal exclusively with birds reared for the broiler industry, is just one response among many to the growing public interest in how their food is produced. Striffler provides the reader with a fascinating account of today’s broiler chicken industry. It lays bare the facts about how the highly processed, branded and elaborately packaged chicken products are produced and marketed as part of a fast food industry with an annual outlay of $33 billion to spend to promote its products. In 1928 Herbert Hoover promised impoverished Americans “a chicken in every pot”.

By the 1970s the health effects of eating red meat were coming under question. People were turning to chicken as a health food. With the development of chicken nuggets and other processed chicken products in the 1980s, chicken has become unhealthy for all concerned, whether they are workers, farmers or consumers. “Six chicken nuggets contain the same amount of fat (21 grams) as a fat-filled double cheeseburger with condiments and vegetables. Order a chicken fillet sandwich and you get about one-third more fat than that same burger. ”

The result is a disaster of titanic proportions. “Nearly two out of every three Americans (130 million) are overweight, and almost one-third (60 million) are obese, an epidemic that has implications for heart disease, cancer, stress diabetes, and a wide range of other serious health problems”. What seems most shameful (to me, as an ethical vegan) is the fact that Government, supposedly set up “by the people, for the people” also pumps $20-billion a year into promoting unhealthy products, with only a tiny portion of outlays going to promote grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.

Steve Striffler could be categorized as a subtle reformer. His book sets out the fundamentals of a system in which there are no villains or good guys, simply problems of worker injustice, poverty, poor public health, and environmental degradation, all of which can and must be addressed. For those readers who share a passion for reform, whether it be in the field of labour relations, environmental degradation, human rights, and yes, even animal rights, Striffler has provided a wealth of references for further study most of which is easily accessed on the Net.

This is how he tells it: “Tyson processes job applicants like it processes poultry. The emphasis is on quantity, not quality”. “There were no pleasantries but neither was there any bullshit”. In less than five minutes after the foreman’s “What can I do for ya”, I was offered a job on the line”. The only white American, he was apparently, “Tyson material”. A short while later Javier, his orientation leader, escorted him and other new recruits into the classroom. A large sign, prominently displayed, caught his eye.

Written in English and Spanish its message was sharp and to the point, “Democracies depend on the political participation of their citizens – but not in the workplace”. The going rate for the job was $8 per hour. He describes his first evening in the plant: ” Hundreds of live chickens flood off the truck, down a chute, into a bin where workers quickly hang them by the feet onto the production line. The atmosphere is surreal, nearly pitch black, on the theory that the darkness soothes the terrified birds. The smell and look of the place is oppressive”.

Line workers (mainly women) must hang chickens at a pace of up to forty birds a minute for eight hours a day. They stand in the same place and make the same series of motions for the entire shift. It is inevitable that given time, they will sustain serious injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal and leg problems, varicose veins – to name just a few. The workers are covered with “blood, shit, and feathers”. The pace is relentless. The birds pass through an electrically charged bath that stuns the bird, but leaves it conscious until its neck is cut further down the line.

These communal baths, popularly described as “fecal soup”, pass on harmful microbes from one bird to the next, presenting a severe health hazard to the consumer. At the end of the process each chicken is plunged into a scalding tank. Apparently about one in twenty survive even this horror, for it is Javier’s job to stab these birds. It is not Striffler’s intention to be an advocate for the chickens. This may seem regrettable but it should be remembered that the Animal Rights movement possesses sufficient talented writers able and willing to take on this important task, as indeed they have done for the past thirty-five years.

Animal Farm/ Pov best essay help: best essay help

English Essay 3.

Of all of the characters in Animal Farm, are there any who seem to represent the point of view of the author? Which of the animals or people do you think come(s) closest to achieving Orwell’s perspective on Animal Farm? George Orwell brings to life many characters in the novel Animal Farm. He introduces very interesting characters like Boxer, Benjamin, and Napoleon.All of which are very interesting, however, none of them fully represent Orwell’s point of view. In Animal Farm, Orwell shows the reader the revolution as a glorious thing in the beginning then he turns Napoleon into a dictator, which causes the revolution to take a turn for the worse and in the end it is considered to have failed completely.It is believed that Snowball is the closest character in the story to the narrator’s opinion by many people including Malcolm Bradbury and many publishers of Orwell’s time; old Major’s speech is also very influential in the portrayal of how the author thinks; one of the very important things in the novel is the way the names and descriptions of the characters portrayed which characters George Orwell was more inclined towards; it has also been noticed that the author portrayed the events in a way that would show Snowball as the only person who was right in his thoughts and his actions.Animal Farm is considered an allegory to the Russian revolution. Although this is not the only moral of the story it is one of the most perceived and understood morals.

The claim that Animal Farm is an allegory is supported by the fact that most of the events that happened in the story are very similar to what happened in real life. For example, the sudden attack on Snowball is a representation of the attack on Trotsky, also the final meeting in Animal Farm between the humans and the pigs is also very similar to the meeting between Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt.Since it is an allegory most characters either represent a real person or a real organization. For example, Old Major represented Karl Marx since his teachings were implemented after he died and they caused a revolution. This is very important to understand since George Orwell’s feelings towards the actual events are reflected in the story. Because this is viewed as a very political novel it represented a challenge to Orwell to publish the book. However, the fact that it was a political novel was not the exact reason for the book being rejected so many times but n fact the issue that the publisher’s had with book was the fact “that it came from someone of Troskyite Sympathies”(vi), which is the person that Snowball represented.

Old Major’s speech was a very important part of the story. It represents the beginning, not only the beginning of the story but also the beginning of the revolutionary era. In the old Major speech the author paints a happy, perky image at the end by saying “And then, after a few preliminary tries the whole farm burst into ‘Beasts of England’ in tremendous unison. The cows lowed it, the dogs whinnied it, the sheep bleated it, the horses whinnied it, the ducks quacked it”(8).By using phrases like “the whole farm burst” and “tremendous unison” the author creates this imagery of joy and happiness. He also gives a feeling of unity by mentioning many different types of animals together and he balances all the phrases with the same amount of words in each phrase giving a sense of harmony in this time of delight. At this point of the story it is easy to argue that any animal represents the author’s opinion, however, it is a much more convincing argument that the author is in agreement with old Major, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball.

The reason for which is that the Author is in clear belief and conviction of old Major’s teachings and so do the other three pigs, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball. This is expressed in the text when Orwell writes, “These three had elaborated old Major’s teachings into a complete system of thought to which they gave the name of Animalism”(9-10). One very important aspect of the story is the name of each character. Every name is clearly well thought out and very precisely chosen.This is obvious in some cases like with Napoleon as he was described in the story as someone who is “not much of a talker but with a reputation of getting his own way”(9), this is very similar to the actual Napoleon who actually took his crown away from the pope at his coronation to show his power and get his way. Squealer description in the novel said, “He was a brilliant talker”(9). That was practically his job throughout the whole novel he was as his name suggests a squealer also known as a person who “give short cry”(the Mac dictionary).

Then there was Snowball, he was described as “a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character”(9). His name and his description suggest that he is a cheerful pig and that he was more spirited and fun than other pigs. Another interesting thing is that when a person throws a snowball to a wall it crumbles and the same goes for Snowball when he’s confronted with true power he crumbles. This shows that the author’s view is more inclined towards Snowball since the author described him in a more positive way than other animals.He also pointed out quite clearly how Snowball is better than Napoleon with three positive qualities that Napoleon didn’t have while he only mentioned one quality that Napoleon had over Snowball and he did it in a subtle way, as if he was trying not to point out the bad qualities in Snowball. The last and most influential point is the way the events in the story are presented. Orwell shows Manor Farm as a place that is mistreated in the first line of the story.

He then portrays the revolution as something glorious that has brought happiness to all the animals which is something that most points of view agree on.The animals were doing well in the harvest and were moving along. They were also able to defeat the humans in the “Battle of the Cowshed”. Later on when Napoleon and Snowball were opposing each other in all of these meetings, Orwell described Snowball as being the productive one of the two when he said, “Snowball had made a close study of some back numbers of the Farmer and Stockbreeder which he had found in the farmhouse, and was full of plans for innovations and improvements”(32).At the same time Orwell made sure that Napoleon was viewed in an unproductive and negative way when he said, “Napoleon produced no schemes of his own, but said quietly that Snowball’s would come to nothing, and seemed to be biding his time”(32). He also presented Napoleon in a crude manner when after Snowball mentions his plans for the windmill to everyone, by explaining that Napoleon one day went to examine the plans for the windmill, “then suddenly he lifted his leg, urinated over all of the plans and walked out without uttering a word”(33).The last event to comment on that supported the fact that Snowball has the closest opinion to the author is all that happened after Snowball was kicked out of Animal Farm.

The best way to describe the corruption that happened in that time is to talk about the final meeting that the pigs had with the humans at the end of the story. When Mr. Pilkington commented on how “the lower animals in Animal Farm did more work and received less food than any animals in the country,”(92) illustrating on how Napoleon’s dictatorship was more deceiving than the normal dictatorships in the rest of the country and that it was the strictest.Even though Squealer had always assured the animals with exact numbers that the animals were currently in a much better state than they were in before the revolution. This illustrates that the author was always in favor of Snowball since without Snowball Animal Farm just turned back into a much worse and much more cruel Manor Farm. One would conclude that snowball is the closest character in thought towards George Orwell because of four things.One, because it is common knowledge that Orwell was in support of Trotsky who was represented by Snowball in the story, two, old Major’s speech was shown in a very glorious and adoring way which was Snowball’s belief on old Major’s teachings, three, the names and descriptions of the characters reveals the way that Orwell felt towards them, and four, the series of events in the story were presented in a way that was in favor of Snowball.

It is one’s belief that if it were George’s choice he would have given Snowball the power instead of Napoleon and then Snowball may have not abused his power the same way that Napoleon did.

Graduation Speech college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

He would make sure I wouldn’t embarrass myself, help me with my homework and, of course, kept me safe in Virginia, Washington DC and New York. If it weren’t for him, I’m sure that I’d still be on a subway, wondering when to get off. Thanks for all your help, guidance and support Mr. Bretz. During the three years I’ve been in Brighton, I had three science teachers. Needless to say though, Mrs. Ashenburg is the best. She constantly makes science fun and exciting. It’s fun to look forward to her class and wonder what surprises she would give to us.

Thanks Mrs. Ashenburg, you are the best science teacher I’ve ever had. Ms. West, you are one awesome, awesome, awesome math teacher. You make math so easy to learn and understand. It is truly amazing how you make math fun and exciting with your projects. Thanks for making math fun and for your service in the military. When I was in a different school, my dislike for language arts soon became hate, but once Mrs. Flegenheimer stepped into my life, my hate instantly became love. Thanks to Mrs. Flegenheimer, I now love Language Arts.

As you all know, my English is fluent. As some of you know, I speak Mandarin Chinese Fluently. Two languages was already good enough for me, but when I met Senorita Rosa, she was kind enough to give me a chance to teach me a third language: Spanish. A new language is a new door to the planet, a new culture, new religions, more chances to express the mind. Senorita Rosa knew this, and she knew this well because when she taught the language, she didn’t just give us tests and vocabulary lists; she gave us culture, fun projects and even Spanish food.

Thanks for all you’ve done for us Senorita Rosa. Now, I wouldn’t have gone to Brighton if it weren’t for my parents. They sacrificed so much for me; I just can’t describe my gratitude on paper or in words. Thanks to you, I now have a great foundation, the only thing to do is to go into the future into Edmond Woodway’s IB Program, and I’ll see you guys when I continue to grow and explore the world of math, Spanish, Science and Cultures.

Philip of Macedon rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

Once he returned to Macedonia he instantly set out in helping his brother Perdiccas (who at that time was the king of Macedon) to strengthen the Macedonian Army. Philip of Macedon had taken the throne in 359 BC after the death of Philips older brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III after they were killed in trying to free north west Macedonia against the Illyrians. Macedonia was in one of the most difficult times since the country was almost at the edge of collapse and the neighbours of Greece ready to put an end to the country’s existence.

Even though Philip was in this immense danger, he did not give up on his country. He removed threats which were internal and secured safety of his kingdom by firmly establishing himself on the throne. He had persuaded the Thracian king with gifts to kill the first pretender to the throne and he defeated the second pretender who was supported by the Greek power of Athens in a battle. He also had made a treaty with the Athenians to hand over the city, Amphipolis to the Macedonians which was on the coast of the country. Within two decades, Philip of Macedon changed the face of Greece.

The Greeks of the city states considered the Macedonians to be uncivilised, but in 20 years Philip had united and transformed them into the most respectable and feared military machine Greece had ever seen. But the key to his new professional army was a core of engineers which Philip organised to design a build new instruments and machines of war. The Macedonian were going to show and invasion which changed forever how wars were going to be fought and won. In 356 the Philips Macedonian army had attacked and captured the Greek city Potidaea.

While Athens was preparing to send force north, Philip invaded Pydna which was another Greek colony which was on the coast of Macedonia. In 357 the Greek city of Methone which was not far from Pydna, surrendered to the Macedonians and the city was re-founded as a Macedonian city. In 352 BC, Philip had invaded Northern Greece. He defeated Thessaly and all his enemies and by 352 he was in a fixed position and in control of the Northern Greek region. Philip of Macedon had returned to Macedonia once he completed the invasion of Northern Greece. He then began to prepare the remove all of the remaining Greek colonies on Macedonian grounds.

In 348 BC the Macedonians attacked the Chalcidice peninsula and defeated the city of Olynthus. All cities which were take over in the Chalcidice were demolished and the greek citizens were sold as slaves and their land was allocated to the Macedonians. Beside the Greek cities which were invaded and taken over King Philip was Stagerira which was the birthplace of Aritotle who was a Greek Philosopher and the whole Chalcidice peninsula seized by Macedonia Till 348 till 339 Philip pacified Epirus, took over Thrace and Scythia which both became Macedonian land.

Philip had gotten into battle with the Scythians in which he had a stunning victory, killed the Scythian king and Philip took 20, 000 Scythian women and children as slaves. On his way home, the Thracian Triballians had attacked Macedonia and Philip suffered a severe injury and returned home with nothing. As Philip was recovering from his injury the Greeks were creating and uniting a big army. When Philip had recovered, he assembled the largest army Macedonia had ever had and marched into Greece. The Greeks on the other hand had created the biggest army since the Persian invasion to fight off the Macedonian army to prevent invasion.

In central Greece, at Chaeronea is where the Greek and Macedonia army met. Greece had 35, 000 soldiers fighting on foot and 2,000 soldiers serving on horseback while the Macedonians has 30, 000 infantry and just like the Greeks, 2,000 cavalry. Philips army had shown well coordination and superb tactics which lead to the defeat over the Greek army. The Greeks, Athenians, Theband and the Achaeans had suffered the greatest loss. Ancient Greek historians consider this the battle of Chaeronea as an end to Greek independence and history. Greece had not regained their freedom until the early 19th century.

All Greek cities had to obey Philip as he was their King and the commander. They were obligated to follow his orders. While at the celebration of of his daughter’s wedding (Cleopatra) Philip was struck with a dagger and killed on the spot. Philip of Macedon was was on the greatest conquerers the world has seen. He had taken over Greece and conquered surrounding cities. His significance to the history of ancient Greece is his invasion in 339 BC of the Greek and Greek land, he had destroyed their independence and they did Greece did not regain itself until the early 19th century.

Business Research Problem narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Business research problem Specifications : 1 Page , 1 Source , APA Style : language Business Research Problem /Opportunity Analysis Prepare a 300-700-word examining a business problem /opportunity confronting your organization that you feel could be addressed through the application of business research principles by performing the following ? Create a problem /opportunity statement ? Develop constructs of the problem /opportunity ? Develop an operational definition from constructs ?

Identify the unit of measure within each of the constructs ? Outline the business research process for addressing or finding a solution to your selected problem /opportunity by using the Management Research Question Hierarchy (Refer to Chapter Three of the e-text , Business Research Methods . One of the main tasks a manager would have to perform is solving the problems the organization may develop during the performance of the work . The manager should ensure that the problem solving technique utilized is scientific and follows logic .

Problem solving styles may be of two types , systematic and intuitive . The systematic style is one that is rational , logical and involves step-by-step processes . Intuitive style does involve developing temporary solutions to long-term problems . One of the main problems faced in the organization is that the human resources do not have adequate skills and knowledge to perform the work . This has affected the workflow in the organization . The staff members are not aware of the means of performing the tasks .

The quality has dropped , and the work is being completed after excessively longtime . Due to this problem , the organization is unable to meet its objectives and goals . The supervisors have to review the work and take a longer time to ensure that the work is correctly done . When the staff had joined , they were trained on how to perform the tasks correctly . However , due to the required higher standards in the work quality , the staff members are unable to meet these standards . There may be several methods by which the organization can solve this problem .

One method would be to have more supervisors who can correct the work and ensure that it meets with the standards required . Another method would be to have a regular training program for the staff members , so that their skills and knowledge could be updated from time to time . However , the most appropriate option (s ) I would suggest would be a combination of both . The organization would have to double the number of human resources who would be performing supervision . This would ensure that that staff members could perform the tasks according to the standards required .

The supervisors can in fact check the quality and make corrections required . The other measure the organization would have to take is to have regular training programs for staff members . These training programs , workshops and simulation sessions should be organized on a weekly or a fortnightly basis , so that the staff can be frequently updated on the required skills . Having extra supervisors would mean that the resources required for performing the work should be increased . This includes human resources , financial resources…

Obama and Mlk argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

In addition, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” written by Martin Luther King’s Jr. was a letter that appeared in the Birmingham newspaper. King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for equality. King and Obama are demanding and striving to defend the desperate needs of equality and unity in our world. It is as simple as listening and respecting one another in order to have equality and unity in our world.

In Obama’s speech he mentioned, “… we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together—unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction—towards a better future for our children and our grandchildren” (Obama 304).

In other words, Obama is stating that no man is an island and people should come to realize that in order to survive in this world we all need other peoples help. In addition, the hope of a more perfect union is close to reality if people would learn to stand up for what they believe in. Another way to have more equality and unity in this world is having confidence to stick up what they believe in.

In King’s letter he mentioned, “One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence” (King 278).

King is insisting that people must fight for what they believe in and truly depict the struggle to achieve equal human rights. King also mentioned that, “We know through painful experiences that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must be demanded by the oppressed” (King 292). Basically, King is saying that the difficult challenges in our all brought within us and that people creates their own future. Although both Obama’s and King’s used very powerful and intellectual words to encourage people that the world can be a better place.

I believe that Obama’s words are more convincing. Although King’s letter was excellent and mesmerizing with the use of different metaphors, similes, symbolic devices, quotations, religious beliefs, and philosophical views that were clear and greatly supported his intentions of creating a land of equality. I strongly believe that Obama’s speech was a lot more powerful, searing, loyal, and a deeply Christian speech is the most honest speech and I can pretty much say that it was a speech that a lot of people have been waiting for.

Just like millions of other Americans, I was overwhelmed and surprised by the strong awaking of Obama’s speech. There was a sense of increasing possibility, which an African American man had a good chance of becoming a president it was speaking about race and racism on national television for half an hour. Such a powerful and thoughtful speech on any topic far exceeds what we have come to recognize of American politics, to hold into the world an issue so fragile and hardly ever approached with honesty is remarkable.

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