Do you know that in South Korea most popular gift for teenagers age 12 – 18 is a cosmetic surgery? Nowadays making plastic surgery for teenagers became a normal, routine procedure in most developed countries such as U. S. A. , South Korea and China. Why teenagers willing to do a plastic surgery? There are many reasons, the main are: low self-esteem, changing of beauty concept and influence of society. Low self-esteem a spread problem of thousand teenagers, usually because of dislike their own appearance.
Most of teens start to worry about their otherness and “defects” after comparing themselves with others. For example they might see an imperfection in small breasts, noticeable ears, thinking of beautiful celebrities and classmates. Also an important role plays surround attitude (classmates, friends), because for teenagers it is very important to fit in society. Every day beauty concepts changes, changing society’s thinking and perception, like the meaning of natural beauty. Although plastic surgery may make teens love their reflection in the mirror, it also a very serious threat to patient’s health.
Many people foolishly think that cosmetic interventions are not serious as other types of surgery. But any surgeries, even if a smallest one, can lead to dangerous consequences such as infection, nerve damage or death. Liposuction, breast implants, botox they are all the most unpredictable and dangerous types of surgeries, unfortunately they are the most popular among teenagers. The main problem of teen plastic surgery is that unlike adults, they are still developing as physically as mentally and it’s hard to predict the way of haling.
Infection usually located along the incision, the main risk is that young organism could not withstand because of weak immune system or because of wrong treatment. Not rare occasions when due to surgery on the breast, patient’s hands went numb. Loss of sensation in particular occurs anywhere from 10% to 70% of the time, says Dr. Nahai, president of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Because even the most professional surgeon cannot be absolutely sure that nerves won’t be injured during the surgery. Also bleeding and hematoma are frequent affects appearing after surgery.
Hematoma is one of the causes of death, excessive bleeding can necessitate a blood transfusion, leading to other health problems like blood poisoning. They are the effects on human’s body and health, but teenagers should know about the impact on psychology, which may come up after surgery. Many teenagers believe that surgery will make them more confident and open, but actually teens are trying to solve a deeper problem of low self esteem. Low self esteem and influence of rapidly changing fashion are some of the circumstances that promote to an addiction to cosmetic surgery.
Addicted person is rushing to change something on his face or body to feel absolutely “perfect”. The aftermath of making surgery is usually connected with high risk. “I wish I could have a twin sister to look at how I would look like without any surgery…”- says 19 year old Dorothy Smith, student from Dakota University. Dorothy’s plastic gone wrong and now she has a very big and not attractive lips. She made botox – cosmetic surgery on lips. Some patient, such as Dorothy, really unhappy with results of operation, because of expectation of something quite different, something looking natural and perfect.
In fact South Korea is the country on first place when it comes to the number of teen surgeries, according to the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons. Do you believe that in 18-th birthday, adolescents are usually got cosmetic surgery on eye or nose from parents?! Kids from 14 are looking for the surgery, and double eye-lid is a favorite graduation gift from parents. When high school seniors are preparing for college or to work, the surgery clinics are the busiest. Making surgeries among the teen population become as routine deal as visit a dentist.
Teenagers are plastic surgery experts. They tell the doctor, using scientific words, which surgery method to use,” says Dr. Lee Min Ku, a Seoul surgeon whose patients are mostly in their teens or 20s. This phenomenon has painful aspect, that every person loses his individuality, his own appearance and surrounding people looking similar as twins – beautiful surgery victims. But there is other side of medal, other type of plastic surgery is a Reconstructive operation. Reconstructive procedures correct defects on the face or body.
These include physical birth defects like cleft lips and palates and ear deformities, traumatic injuries. It is gives a helping hand to children and teenagers cope with the knowledge that he did not like others. To teenagers are difficult to live with such cosmetic defects, as they hinder the full development, as speech or communication with other guys. I think that changing in appearance when they are really needed – very necessary, but teenagers should not do any change on what is already perfect and ideal, especially with the help of plastic intervention.
Is lottery a good idea narrative essay help: narrative essay help
Lottery is one of the best things that has ever happened to human kind especially those that dream high and but their dreams don’t come to life because they don’t have what it takes to make it happen. Lotteries are in various categories such as sweep stakes, scratch off, the Jackpot and even the green card lottery. The lottery that is being focused in this argument is the jackpot one. When individuals or people in general buy the lottery ticket their hopes are high, and they anxiously await with anticipation hoping to win. If they don’t win, they never give up, for they know that there is always next time and they keep playing.
Some people urge that playing lottery is a bad idea because people end up getting addicted to it, or that it affects them psychologically. They could lose friendships and family member’s trust in some way. This could be true to some extent, but the possibilities of what happens after people win the lottery is in their hands. People buy lottery tickets and spend their money on it for all sorts of reasons. They want to pay off their bills, go to vacations, buy a car, or maybe a new home whatever situation they are in people have hope that lottery can fix it. It is some kind of a rescue fantasy.
It’s like their money is buying some kind of hope for them. The moment they spent that dollar, they can’t help but to think what their life will be like if they win. Where they will go? What they will buy? The list goes on and on. I urge that lottery is actually a good idea, especially if people are intelligent enough to play wisely, and use the money they’ve won to create a life of endless possibilities. The arguments below are some of the reasons why lottery is a good idea. When individuals play lottery the one and only thing that is in their mind is the money.
This is so because in the world we live in, money is the way people get the things they need and want. When the buyer finds out that their ticket has winning numbers, especially the huge jackpot they will jump with joy. The new money will change a lot of things in their life. All of a sudden they have money to buy things they want. This also means that their economic and social status changes too. One example is of a woman in California who won $112 million. She gave her brother and father some money. She also gave some money to a charity program to fund an art program for children.
This is one of the examples that people who win the lottery can do so much with the money since their live hood is elevated, they belong to the Elite. Just like this woman, people get happier as their money increases to the level where they are pretty much comfortable. Also their mental well-being improves. Things can only get bad if people fail to plan when they have that winning ticket. The first thing people have to do is to give themselves time to get used to the wealth before they start spending it. They need to plan ahead if they have to do well.
They need to decide where they will be in years to come to avoid from “riches to rags” scenario. People feel overwhelmed if they don’t have a clear life goal. Winners should also be able to have a team of financial and legal advisers. They have to choose a Lawyer and Accountants so they can work together to help them. Carefully check each of them and make sure there is nothing in their files that has been filed against them. People also need to live within their budget, invest wisely, and pay off all the debts they had. That way the will not have too much burden on their heads.
They also need to plan to give some of their money. Pastor Binney at winners praise center once said that: “When people give money away, it makes them feel good and gives them the sense of appreciation on what they have. ” The more people give the more the blessing comes their way and the more they feel a sense of security and stability. People also need to invest in making memories for themselves. Appreciate what they have as their life is changing in a better way and their dreams are coming true. Lottery also plays a role in most states. The history of lottery started long time ago in the early history of America.
The online gov. info library states that “Lotteries were frequently used in colonial-era America to finance public works projects such as paving streets, constructing wharves, even building churches. In the 18th century, lotteries were used to finance construction of buildings at Harvard and Yale. ” This shows that lottery has been around for a long time. Today, most states have adopted lottery system especially the computerized ones like mega millions and Powerball due to the world advancing technologically. This is so because these states have seen the growth of income that come from lotto.
Each state has rules and time frames in which a prize can be claimed. Some states allows people to be anonymous like Ohio while others don’t have that option. For example, in Indiana winners have 90 days before they claim their prize and their identity is revealed. In cases where the winning ticket isn’t claimed, the state will get back all the money that it contributed to the unclaimed jackpot. The money is distributed according to state rules. Even if the winner comes forward, every state that participates in lottery selling benefits from it.
The state imposes both federal and state taxes on the winner. Winners have a choice to take a pay out as a lump sum or as an annuity. If the payment is lump sum, taxes are paid out at once and annually if the prize is taken as an annuity. These winnings, of course, are subject to withholding for federal and state purposes. Even if the state doesn’t have a winner, they still benefit from it. After giving out the prizes, whatever the remainder goes to the state, and it’s up to the state to decide what to do with the money. In most states, these lottery proceeds are used for education purposes.
For example, in New York, a certain percentage of the state’s total education funding to local school districts come from lottery ticket sales. In California by state law, the money from lottery sales is used to supplement funding to public education on all levels from kindergarten through higher education. That has translated, since 1985, to $25 billion for public education. In Georgia as a result of funding through the lottery, more than 1. 6 million students have been able to attend colleges through Georgia’s HOPE scholarship program and more than 1. 3 million four-year-olds have attended pre-kindergarten.
(Forbes writer) In Some states like Texas, they use the money they get from lottery tickets sales and winnings to Fund for Veterans Assistance. Pennsylvania state website states that, “lottery sales in benefit senior citizen programs. This program involves serving food at the senior centers and as well as delivering them to senior homes. It also helps to lower prescription drugs for senior citizens. Pennsylvania is the only state in the US that use the lottery money especially for this reason. As of last year, lottery sales have provided about 22,700 hot meals for older residents.
While in Wisconsin the lottery sales go towards lowering property taxes. In his document Al Runde explained that “…the lottery tax credit has been the primary mechanism for providing property tax relief. ” Even though sales tax are not imposed on lottery sales, but the state have an advantage in sales tax increase. These sales taxes are generated from the sales people make when they go to buy a lottery ticket. One might buy a pack of cigarettes, a cup of coffee, or candy at the counter while they’re checking out. Lottery also plays a role in helping to support small
business in the country. Lottery retailer gets a percentage from their ticket sales. Hoosier lottery website states that Indiana lottery offers programs that are profitable for retailers including commissions on the sale and redemption of Hoosier Lottery tickets and a bonus for the sale of a jackpot or top prize-winning draw ticket. There are also even opportunities to receive bonus dollars through retailer quarterly incentive programs. One time at Martins supermarket, they were giving people free Powerball tickets when the jackpot reached to the amount of $500 million.
This shows that retailers really benefit from these lottery sales because if that has not the case they would not have been giving free tickets. It’s to their benefit. Another benefit of Lottery is found in the jobs created by these lotteries and the program they help to fund. In Oregon, their website states that 27% of Lottery funds are allocated for job creation and economic development, providing assistance for a variety of Oregon’s industries such as: manufacturing, high-tech, agriculture, fisheries, solar, medical, tourism, as well as small businesses.
People are able to provide for their kids and loved ones. In conclusion, Frederick D. Stocker writes that “it now seems that by the end of the decade the lottery and other gambling revenues may be part of the revenue structure in a good many states. ” Chances are that whether people chose to play lottery or not they still benefit in one way or the other. The states and the federal government also benefit from it in several ways. As for the individuals who play lotto all they need in enough education to make an adjustment in their lives.
Explain why there was mass immigration to the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 essay help cheap: essay help cheap
?Explain why there was mass immigration to the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 There was mass immigration to the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 for a combination of reasons, all of which are based around socio-economic, ideological, political, cultural and technological factors. America was considered at this time “The Great Melting Pot” due to immigrants from everywhere mixing into this one country, however, this immigration did not form a “melting pot” of cultures because each ethnic group had their own area in a town or even its own town.
For immigrants, America was seen as a place for achieving the dream of improving and having a better life, there they had freedoms and liberty, this is why immigration was not only from Europe but from other parts of the world. The other form of immigration was formed called migration. There was a lot of migration from African-Americans from poorer South to the more prosperous North; however, the migrating African-Americans were not welcomed, they suffered much the same way as they had in the South.
The changes in American society that immigration brought about were friction between newly arrived and older established groups, religion being the main one, with older groups (Protestants) and the newer ones(catholic). The changes in American politics that immigration brought about were very little; power was kept by the WASPs (White Anglo Saxon Protestants). Irish Americans began sticking together for collective political clout which brought about the significance of Tammany Hall.
Tammany Hall was notorious for the corruption in city and state politics that it fostered; it was built by local politics to support the Democratic Party and it provided immigrants with a social “safety net”. It also controlled businesses, influenced police, certain labour unions and voting. “Push” and “pull” factors are said to be a main cause of immigration to America. Push factors are reasons that generally push people out of their country; the push factors in Europe included population growth as Europe had better food and homes causing a population growth and so it soon became overcrowded.
Due to agricultural changes, landlords took advantage of city growth because of the over crowdedness and forced residents out in order for the land owners to farm in large areas. Also in agricultural changes, there was mass crop failure, poor farmers were in debt because of this, causing them to starve and so they chose to redeem themselves in America instead. The Industrial Revolution introduced factories which made cheaper materials that artisans could not compete with so because of their unemployment status, some decided to come to America.
Regarding religious and political chaos, Quakers from Norway and Jews from Germany left to avoid religious harassment, Germans also came as the German Revolution didn’t have the desired outcome. Not only that, but the persecution of Russian Jews and the economic collapse and starvation of Southern Italians influenced a lot of immigrants. Pull factors are factors that attracted immigrants to America. Considered to be the most attractive pull factor was freedom, as immigrants looked for a place to practice anything they desired.
Also, economic opportunities gave immigrants a reason to seek a better life, and they found it in America. Because of the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican Cession effect on America was gaining more than enough land, this attracted Europeans who faced overcrowding in their country. There were limited restrictions for immigrants to get into America but only 2% of immigrants were turned away. Therefore, there was mass immigration in the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 as the immigrants’ lives in their native countries was poor and they looked for a better place to live with freedom and opportunities which they found in America
The economies and diseconomies of scale best essay help: best essay help
The economies and diseconomies of scale Profit is the most important issue for a business, how to exploit the opportunities and maximize the profit has long been the top priority of the competition. Since the profit is simply the result by subtracting the expense from income, how to balance the relationship between input and output can be crucial and conclusive to a firm’s competitiveness and development. This essay will examine the issue of economies and diseconomies of scale. After first describing the types, it will consider its effects. Then, the essay will assess firms’ decision towards diseconomies of scale and provide solutions.
There are several types of economies of scale. One type of internal economies of scale is the Technical economies. Anderton (2000:320) states that the increasing and decreasing retributions to scale in return is the reason economies of scale exist, which is known as technical economies. They can arise in the production progress and the firm would benefit from better machinery. Sloman (2001:96) notes that large machines may be more efficient in the sense that more output can be gained for a given amount of inputs. For instance, no matter the size of a machine is, normally it can be operated by a single worker.
Therefore a small-scale business could not make full use of one. This introduces the concept of “indivisibilities”. It’s less likely to occur when the ratio of output is continuously increasing. However, the average cost of the machine will fall as the level of usage goes up. What’s more, Maunder (1992:327) clarifies the close connection between the principle of increased dimensions by stating that in the size of a globe enlarge more than commensurately within its length of the closed curve. In a word, the costs were in slow growth while the capacity has grown several times.
Another type of internal economies of scale is the managerial economies. Since the firm could have managed to pay for specialist staffs. Hall (2004:590) explains this through a vivid example that in a relatively small firm one executive has to be responsible for servicing, transporting, marketing. Similarly, every worker has to do many jobs and hardly possible to settle in an area of expertise if it is a small firm. Unlike those firms which are at low output levels, larger enterprises possess with rich and qualified personnel provide every single worker enough freedom to focus on one task and thus handle it more efficiently.
Financial economies is a further type of internal economies of scale. It’s obvious that tycoons have overwhelming superiority towards small firm when they try to raise finance. Maunder (1991:327)makes the pointed remark of it that the large firm can easily negotiate loans and enjoy favorable interest rates from banks and other loan institutions, or even form a consortium to provide sufficient fund for project since they will have large assets to offer as security.
Hall (2004:590) adds more evidence that large public limited companies can raise money by selling stock which the private firm cannot ever do. So far the essay have been demonstrating the internal economies of scale. However, the outside factors like the growth in the size of the industry in which the specific firm operates can have positive Impact on the economies of scale—-external economies of scale. Bannock(2001:115) illustrates it will arise because the enlargement of an industry can lead to the development of ancillary services of benefit to all firms.
For example, government might pick up pace in building and improving the local transportation systems due to the rapid growth of industry, which in turn reduces costs to individual firms Having described the variety types of economies of scale, the essay will now consider it in diseconomies of scale. The continuous expanding will lead to an exactly opposite effect on gaining profit. As firms continue their expansion, when it gets beyond a specific size, the cost per unit of output may show a distinct tendency—-start to increase.
The scale as mentioned above is called “diseconomies of scale”. Hall(2004:591) explains this through internal and external diseconomies. First of all, the internal diseconomies of scale are always arise mainly because of the problems of managing increasingly businesses. As firms grow larger and develop in many fields, the boundaries between each individual department would become smeared which may lead to potential conflict.
In order words, it’s a major concern for a large firm to reach mutual understanding between different sectors. A large firm is more like a complex system which involving many departments and staffs and information as well as hard organization and coordination. Hall(2004:591) claims that it is undoubtedly demanding and implacable to manage and coordinate more than thousand of staffs, billions of pounds, trillions of information and dozens of plans which all mean added effort,duty and surveillance.
In addition, Labour problems can be another reason for causing internal diseconomies of scale. Sloman (2001:97) comments that workers might feel ” alienated “and “isolated” if their job is both tedium and reduplicative. For example, as the expansion of the company, employees would gradually consider themselves as plain and insignificant as a gear in a giant machine. Stress, depression and similar negative feelings often result in shoddy work thus reduce the efficiency of their work.
Hall(2004:591) agrees this by stating that this feeling can make individual staff suffer from losing morale and confidence in reaching higher achievement. What’s more, despite the internal diseconomies that might limit the growth of business, external diseconomies would arise as well as Hall(2004:591) furthers his view that it is an inevitable part of the outcome of the overcrowding in industrial areas. Rentals, labor cost, raw and processed materials might rise as firms are all in intense competition for a limited amount indent.
In terms of the views above, Sloman(2001:97) gives strong supports that the shortage of skilled labor and customized raw materials will growing as well as the development of the whole industry, which will result in an inflation of prices and therefore hence the firms’ costs. Since there is an inherent limitation to the efficient functioning of management as Maunder(1991:328) mentioned. Enforce the rules and regulations of the firms and simplify the management systems and governance procedures can not only reduce the cost of supervising works, but also raises employee’s self-managerial ability and working efficiency.
Another effective way of doing this is by improving the communication networks. As the limitation of geography cannot be wiped out thoroughly, Hall (2004:591) suggests firms to control the transportation cost and improve the convenience of the provision of services. Last but not the least advice might be keeping the firm in a relatively small scale. perhaps it is the best simple recipe for getting rid of diseconomies of scale.
The Effects of Pressure on Students to get Good Grades essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Living in a society like the one we are living today, can be very challenging for students. As the world gets more competitive, students are getting more pressured to achieve their goals in life. Pressure have become one of the known factors to affect a student’s life. Anyone who passed through this stage has felt the same way. Getting good grades has become one of the goals students today are aspiring for.
It has been perceived that a good mark from school can place someone to a decent job and make that person stand out from others especially when it comes to interviews and conversations. With such belief, students neglect on the negative effects of the pressure they are encountering because they want to maintain high grades. There are few effects of pressure on students to get good grades such as, extreme stress, cheating during exam, and changing of the attitude.
Main point 1: Extreme stress All the stress experienced by a student from either parent or peer is considered one of the effects of pressure handed to them because of their want to have good grades. Normally, parents apply pressure upon the student in order to keep up in school and not allow the student to fall behind. However, a problem arises when the parent apply excessive pressure on the student. The effect of such pressure can lead to negative health of students.
Students tend to have lack of sleep – without having enough of sleep will cause the students’ body to become sick. Main point 2: Cheating during exam Students tend to cheat during exam when they become mentally and physically exhausted. We have been aware of plagiarism being the cause of many violations done by students. (Ex: can either be for their research paper, thesis paper, or just a simple hw) There are also incidents of cheating in examinations through copying other’s answers and putting them on the test paper, recognizing them as one’s own.
These sinful acts are the effects of the belief that good grades can send you off to better jobs and a more secured future. Main point 3: Changing of the attitude This particular outcome is definitely disturbing because values and morals become affected. According to an interview conducted by Palmer (2005) to Ms. Denise Clark Pope, students as she said, “know that cheating is wrong; they tell me they wish they did not do it”. As the statement goes, honesty, respect, and integrity have all been violated for the sake of possessing a good grade.
Conclusion In a nutshell, dealing with all the effects of pressure on maintaining an excellent grade comes with a price. It results in extreme stress, cheating and the worst of all, changing of the attitude. All these made a clear understanding of what learning really is about. It is not a matter of only getting a good grade but rather learning with understanding and receiving the grades that one truly deserves. As for this, students must realize that education is in fact teaching people not only academically, but morally.
Art Gallery argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online
In completion of this assignment the art gallery that I chose to visit was Mark Gallery in Englewood New Jersey. When you walk up to the establishment there are floor to ceiling glass windows that allow you to see everything inside. Facing the gallery there were so many colors that enticed you to enter. The arrangements and art work was spaced out nicely not causing clutter. This allowed you to individually take in each piece on by itself. All of the pieces were very nice but the artist that caught my attention was Mr. Mark Oberndorf.
Oberndorf was born in New York but is currently residing in Bergren County New Jersey. He is a contemporary realist painter. Since the age of 10 he has been interested in the visual arts. At an early age some of his beginning works were illustrating his school yearbook to painting murals on his elementary school building. From 1995 to present Oberndorf has had art in various group and solo exhibitions and galleries. Currently his work is currently represented by Mark Gallery of Englewood New Jersey and Westwood Gallery in Westwood New Jersey.
I found several of his pieces interesting because they were so basic. Not meaning they did not have levels or dimensions but they put me in the mind of simpler times and relatable memories. His pieces display three dimensional effects on a two dimensional surface with natural lighting effects. All painting are created with oil on linen canvass. Such pieces as the “Wyckoff Train Station”, “Dairy Queen” and “Gas” all represent the Bergren County area and parts of New York prior to the gentrification phase. “Gas” depicts an old two pump station as you would see it in the 1970’s.
The piece of the “Dairy Queen” shows the classic franchise that was shaped somewhat of a barn prior to the new modernized look you may see today. I can remember as a kid having one of these in our neighborhood. We frequently visited it for a Sunday cone after attending church. I could not wait to stand in line for my soft serve on a cone. Lastly the “Wyckoff Train Station” is truly a classic single standing building not so big on the side of the tracks. Much dated compared to the enormous train stations and subway stations you see in the big cities such as New York.
Through viewing these pieces I would think this is his way of holding on to a piece of history, before all common landmarks that held tradition and memories were torn down. Prior to gentrification in many of our communities there were several sites or establishments that were a common thread to our community. Be it the mom and pop store on the corner to the old fashioned ice cream stand. Gentrification has erased these things with more modernized establishments that help to bring economic wealth for some but forces others out of the neighborhoods and communities that they have been a part of for quite some time.
Literature Review – Foreign aid rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help
There are many competing theories underscoring why countries elect to contribute foreign aid to other countries. This is a difficult international phenomena to isolate, because there are many potential factors that could influence a country’s decision. Some countries are motivated to provide foreign aid to certain countries based on political ideologies, geopolitical strategic locations, or other foreign policy objectives. This paper begins by identifying the major debates in the literature regarding what motivates the provision of foreign aid by a country.
There seems to be clear divisions between political and strategic motivations to provide foreign aid as opposed to economic needs and policy performance or finally, political ideology. Major Debates in the Foreign Aid Literature There are many concurrent related debates in the foreign aid literature that do not necessarily address the direct question of what motivates countries to contribute foreign aid. Ngaire Woods identifies some of these related debates as including; financial capacity of donors, and best provision methods.
While these debates are tied to the question of why countries provide foreign aid, this paper focuses on the theorists and articles that provide the most useful responses to this specific research question. Political and Strategic Motivations for Foreign Aid Woods goes on to address why countries provide foreign aid by closely linking the foreign aid decisions of donor countries to their shifting security priorities. Woods argues that countries provide foreign aid on the basis of strengthening their own security. Woods states, “Most of the increase in US
Aid has been destined for projects designed to serve the security imperatives prevailing in the wake of September 11. ”2 Alberto Alesina and David Dollar argue that “direction of foreign aid is dictated by political and strategic considerations, much more than by the economic needs and policy performance of the recipients. ”3 They have also concluded that while foreign aid flows are affected by strategic concerns, foreign direct investments and other corporate economic decisions are determined more by stability in the receiving country and the positive returns on their investments.
Another finding indicates that countries might be using foreign aid to encourage democratization. They find that “The typical democratizing country gets a 50% increase in aid. ”4 Many Realists would side with this rationale behind foreign aid provision because it will strengthen US security interests abroad. Palmer, Wohlander, and Morgan make an intriguing finding. They created a “two-good” model of foreign policy that explains foreign aid provision as an option among foreign policy choices, and as a marked alternative to “the initiation of interstate conflict and participation in certain types of alliances.
Morgenthau makes a contribution that the “United States has interests abroad which cannot be secured by military means and for the support of which the traditional methods of diplomacy are only in part appropriate. ”6 Morgenthau’s comment justifies the use of multiple means to achieve the same strategic ends and implies there may not be a clear division across the identified camps in this debate and field after all. Economic and International Development Motivations for Foreign Aid Morgenthau states that some believe “foreign aid is the fulfillment of an obligation of the few rich nations toward the many poor ones.
Steven Radelet uses the compelling counterexample of President George W. Bush and his September 2002 National Security Strategy, which gave “rare prominence to development and aid alongside defense and diplomacy. ”8 Radelet goes on to describe the $10 billion in new funding to alleviate HIV/AIDS in Africa and the Caribbean. Rather than purely strategic or political considerations, Radelet describes this foreign policy shift as an indication of concern for development and direct international aid.
Radelet also rationalizes that there could be underlying motivations for this foreign policy shift that still maintain US strategic interests abroad. He argues that this HIV/AIDS funding still enhances US security by eliminating new sources of terrorists, US soft power, ideological encouragement, and satisfying a moral obligation. This final perspective is representative of many of Liberalism’s theorists, because soft power, diplomacy, and cooperation between nations are seen as the ultimate guarantee of safety.
Foreign Aid as a Tool for Spreading Political Ideology and Other Concerns Many theorists believe that spreading political ideology through foreign aid provision may not be the most effective strategy. Farah Abuzeid argues that “discrimination on the basis of standards of governance creates new complications. ”9 This has very important implications for new democracies and underdeveloped countries when competing for limited foreign aid, especially if democratizing countries are favored.
Another unintended potential consequence of engaging in foreign aid provision is highlighted by Stephane Pallage and Michel A. Robe who suggest that volatility in foreign aid provision is destabilizing for many countries in Africa. 10 Deborah Brautigam and Stephen Knack similarly argue that “…in many of the countries with poor governance records, aid continues to contribute a very high percentage of government budgets. ”11 Michael Edwards examines foreign aid provision from the perspective of the role in international relations of development non-governmental organizations.
Diplomacy remains paramount as Radelet indicates “historically most aid has been given as bilateral assistance directly from one country to another. ”13 Conclusion This critical survey of the relevant foreign aid literature indicates that there is very little discussion of the multiple motivations that coincide behind each country’s foreign aid decisions. As Morgenthau indicated, it is likely that there are multiple reasons or means employed to achieve various ends. For some of these theorists, the main objective in providing foreign aid revolves around achieving political stability for the donor country.
For others, the primary objective relates to lessening suffering around the world, and yet for others, foreign aid should be used to promote particular political ideologies like democracy. In this research paper, the objective is to instead, explore the possibility of competing objectives and perhaps a ranked order of objectives that could be achieved by priority. It will be difficult to assess intention on the part of a country’s foreign policy, but through data from sources like WikiLeaks and other pro-transparency databases, it is hoped that this question can be investigated.
Is the ontological argument the strongest argument for the existence of god, is it defendable? essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax
In this essay I will first explain the ontological argument and my reasons for choosing it. I will then discuss why I believe it is a better account for the existence of god than the teleological argument and the cosmological argument. I will then move onto discuss various theologians that oppose the ontological argument and critique their responses. The aim of the essay if to show the strength of the argument and to expose some key weaknesses with its criticisms.
Hopefully the essay will be convincing enough for the reader to not accept the words from Scott Aikin that the ontological argument is merely “the litmus test for intellectual seriousness”. It is interesting to note how this argument is able to deduce God’s existence from our very definition of god as existential claims rarely follow from conceptual ones. For example if I wish to prove that dragons exist I cannot merely reflect on the concept of dragons. I would need to use my senses in the real world to begin an empirical investigation. I would need to do exactly the same thing to prove that dragons do not exist.
We can clearly see that most existential claims, both negative and positive can only be established with some sort of empirical methodology. That being said, there can be one type of exception. For example, We are able to prove that there are no rectangular squares without checking every square in existence, because by definition it would be a contradiction if all squares were not square. The ontological argument therefore supposes that it is as much a contradiction to say there are rectangular squares as it is to say that god does not exist.
This for me is a different and interesting way of arguing for the existence of god. The argument first came about from St. Anselm in his Proslogium. It can be summarized as follows. 1) It is true by definition that god is a being than which none greater can be conceived. 2) God exists as an idea in the mind. 3) A being that is able to exist both in the mind and in reality is to be considered greater than a being, which only exists in the mind. 4) Therefore, if god is only an idea in the mind, we can imagine something that is greater than God. 5) We cannot imagine something greater than God.
It would be a contradiction. 6) Therefore, God exists. A crucial point of this argument is that existence in reality is a great-making property. To exist in reality is better to exist just in the mind. Take the idea of imagining a beer that exists only in your mind. You can make this beer however you want, it can be ice cold, hoppy, bubbly etc. but this beer is only in your mind and does not exist in reality. The beer you have imagined is useless if you want to physically drink it. Now compare the beer to one that not only exists in your mind but also in reality, surely you would say that the new beer is better?
From this then we can deduce that things that both exist in the mind and in reality are to be considered greater then those that only exist in the mind. This argument for me seems to be the most convincing compared to the cosmological and the teleological argument. The cosmological argument in short asserts that the universe had an “original cause”. The basic idea being that everything that moves is moved by something, that also had to have been moved by something else and so on. So the “original mover”, the one who began the universe would have to be God.
Just like the first domino in a cascade, the first domino is to be metaphorically applied to God. The proof for this theory would therefore come from the observations on the nature of causality in the exterior world. This theory is far less convincing, the conclusion does not necessarily follow from the premises. Inductive reasoning is a weak basis for an argument. It does not follow that from things in the universe having a cause, that universe has a cause. We do not have any experience of universes that are caused and therefore cant make such a claim.
Another argument that provides reasonable doubt came from David Hume who famously argued that “This does not prove, that every being must be preceded by a cause; no more than it follows, because every husband must have a wife, that therefore every man must be marry’d. The true state of the question is, whether every object, which begins to exist, must owe its existence to a cause: and this I assert neither to be intuitively nor demonstratively certain…” (David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature, Book 1: Of the Understanding, Part 3: Of knowledge of probability, Section).
The idea that everything does not necessarily need to have a cause is in my opinion the cosmological arguments ultimate downfall. The teleological argument also comes up short, it asserts that the world is so perfectly designed and so intricate that it must have a designer, i. e. god. The analogy of a watchmaker is used in order to explain the theory. Just like a watch has a designer so to does the universe. There are many reasons to why the argument is weak, however I will only briefly explain a few. As we saw with the cosmological argument the inductive nature of the argument makes it vulnerable.
Hume argues that just because things in the universe have designers, does not mean that the universe has a designer. He also asserts that there may be more than one designer, such is true with the universe. The infinite regress argument also leads me to doubt the plausibility of the argument. God must surely have a designer; something as magnificent as god must have a designer. This leads us to infinite regress. I also think that arguments from analogy are to be seen as weak as the inference from a watch to the universe is too large.
These are just a few reasons why I believe these two arguments to be inferior to the ontological argument. Obviously the ontological argument does have its weaknesses but I don’t think they are as damaging to the theory as the ones I have mentioned above. My reasoning for believing that the ontological argument is the best account for the possibility of god is simple. Anselm shows that the concept of god is not illogical, everyone has a concept of god in their mind, even a non-believer. Therefore because of this he must exist in reality also, as shown in Anselm’s above argument.
The argument is deductive and reaches clear and distinct conclusions. The argument leaves only one possibility, the existence of god. The main weaknesses of the ontological argument in my opinion came from Gaunilo and Kant. Here I will discuss Kant’s main argument and the possible responses that can be given. Gaunilo’s main objection is that we cannot go from defining something to assuming its existence as necessary. He uses the same logical argument that Anselm does, however he replaces god with the idea of the perfect island.
It is true by definition that the perfect island is an island that than which nothing greater can be conceived. 2) The island exists in my mind. 3) An island that exists both in our mind and in reality is greater than an island that only exists in my mind. 4) If the perfect island is only an idea in our mind then we can imagine something greater. 5) We can’t imagine something greater than the perfect island. It would be a contradiction 6) Therefore the perfect island exists. Gaunilo’s argument does raise problems with the original theory.
However they are not strong enough to dismiss the theory. Premise 1 of Gaunilo’s argument seems to be incoherent. The properties of a perfect island do not have intrinsic maximums. A perfect island can always be better, for example if the island had 100 trees, it could be greater with 101 trees and so on. There is no maximum number of trees that make it great. The island has no intrinsic maximum as the greatest possible island is incoherent. This is not the same with God as Anselm argues. God’s attributes such as power and knowledge have limits.
God knows everything and therefore it is conceptually impossible for him to know anything else. So Anselm’s argument will not work if the concepts that are conceptually essential to the idea of god do not have intrinsic maximums. The idea of God would be incoherent just as the perfect island is. However, as long as the relevant properties of God are omnipotence, omniscience and moral perfection, which all have intrinsic maximums. Then we can say that Anselm’s ontological argument has avoided the criticism raised by Gaunilo. The second argument comes from Kant.
He argues that existence is not a predicate of God. A predicate is property that we attribute to something when describing it. For example, the sky is blue. Blueness is one of the sky’s predicates. So all I am doing by saying the sky is blue is adding information about the subject. Kant believed that there was an essential difference between predicating something and asserting that it exists. if we look at the predicates of God, he is omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good. These all make sense, however when we talk of existence it doesn’t add anything.
It only tells you that god is, it doesn’t tell you anything about what god is like, only that he is. So for Kant existence as a predicate is meaningless as it tells you nothing about the subject. This argument is fairly convincing, however in my opinion it is flawed. Take necessary existence instead of existence. Necessary things, it would have to be agreed are greater than contingent ones due to their nature, they are unable to not exist. Imagine two identical objects, one that exists necessarily and one that is contingent. The first must be seen as greater as it is not contingent.
Kant belief of existence not being a predicate does seem strange. Take another example of a child who has believed in Santa’s existence for his whole life. He then comes and asks as to whether or not Santa is real. He is told that Santa does not exist and the child takes this as the truth. If we follow Kant’s reasoning then the child has learnt nothing new. this surely must seem strange? The child has obviously learnt something new i. e. that Santa exists. would this then show that existence is a property that one is able to attribute to things. Thus the ontological argument survives Kant’s criticisms.
In conclusion I have showed why I believe the ontological argument to be the best theory for the existence of god. Also my reasoning behind why I believe both the cosmological and teleological arguments are not as convincing. they simply seem to have too many objections that give near definitive reasoning as to why the argument fails. The ontological argument in my opinion is the only defendable argument as I have shown with both Gaunilo’s and Kant’s objections. Overall Its clear that the ontological argument does have it flaws, however these can be overcome with the way we perceive both the ontological argument and its objection.
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USA Today has been an innovative way for customers to receive news on a daily basis since 1982. Their innovation lies within the format of their bright, colorful and eye-catching paper, as well as in their shorter pieces that help to enlighten consumers without over powering them. Owned by Gannett Co. Inc. , a diversified international news, information and communications company, USA Today has every possibility of furthering their success in the news industry. Executive Summary:
In reading Case 1, USA Today: Innovation in an Evolving Industry*, it became apparent that USA Today is fighting to stay relevant in today’s news distribution culture. Currently USA Today is still operating with increasing profit margins, however they are losing touch with their intended cliental of Middle Americans. From 1982 until today, USA Today has been able to create a product which is able to adapt to the needs of it’s cliental, but their recent plateau and minor decrease in circulation, could send them into a spiral.
An increase in technologically savvy consumers, and the fight to produce the most up to date app to appease them places USA Today in a rat race against other leading market competitors. USA Today must push to the next level the fight to remain innovative, as they have for the last thirty years, in meeting their customer’s needs in new and unexpected ways.
Their chances to stay on top of their game and innovation will significantly increase f they continue to adapt their marketing strategies, as well as continue their use of value-added strategy to further enhance distribution of its proprietary content and ensure continued product differentiation. Situation Analysis: Internal: Since the first issue of USA Today launched on September 15, 1982, it has been an uphill battle for the company to fight to sustain their relevance and importance in the news world. The newspaper created a mission statement that explained their goal to make the newspaper enlightening, and
Enjoyable to the public, informative to national leaders, and attractive to advertisers. More or less, USA Today wanted to create an all-encompassing newspaper for the country to enjoy. From an internal standpoint, the employees of USA Today worked hard to give their readers what they wanted. With an all American staff and little coverage of the outside world, USA Today continued to meet the demands of their customers and fill the gap in the newspaper market. USA Today’s loyal employee base allows them to be quick, innovative and typically the first to make a splash in the news industry.
Their late hours for submission allows the company to send out the most current and up to date news, while still providing an outstanding standard of service that helps to achieve reoccurring customers. With employees that listen and take time to understand what the reader wants, USA Today has been able to flourish economically. Customer Environment: The overwhelming majority of USA Today’s circulation is within the United states. Most of the readers work in middle- to upper management positions and are often purchasing decision makers for their offices and households, as well as technology junkies and sports fans.
Most of USA Today’s customers participated in a wide range o leisure activities such as attending movies and traveling. The print newspaper’s readers are 69% male and 31% female, with a median age of 50 and a median household income of $91,683. For USA today. com the audience is balanced between men and women, and the median age for readers is only 30 years old. Customers of USA Today are drawn in by the bright colors, short stories and ability to cover important news happening in their country. External Environment: The external environment is what really holds USA Today at a standstill.
While, they are still producing print copies and having millions of daily readers- their competition is fierce. Fighting for number one positions against newspapers such a The Wall Street Journal, as well as The New York times leaves USA Today in a bind to find creative ways to stay in contact with their customers. The surge of use of technology, on top of instant access to news all across the world via the Internet for free, has potential to hurt not only USA Today’s print readership, but their online as well.
Other external factors that have potential to deplete USA Today’s loyal customer base are things like: cable networks, nationally syndicated terrestrial and satellite radio providers such as Sirius/XM, and even blog sites. It’s going to be important for USA Today to find a niche within all of these potential threats, and once again make a name for itself as a product that can provide something different. SWOT Analysis: Strengths: •Loyal customer base of consumers who have consistently purchased USA Today over the last 30 years.
•USA Today is distributed in all 50 states, Canada and the UK; reaching a wide fan base •Known for easy to read, easy to comprehend and up to date news •Ability to adapt with changes in technology, i. e putting their newspaper online Weakness •Decrease circulation; due to competitors •Decrease profits; due to decrease in circulation •High cost of printing; bright colors and pictures on every page cost money •Printing deadline is 4 hours before WSJ; WSJ will get more up-to-date news for their issues •Forced to downsize maintain profits- harmed image
Opportunity •Generate more revenue by partnering with other websites, like Hampton •The creation of a top of the line mobile application •Customizable app for your phone/tablet Threats •NY Times & Wall Street Journal •Network and Cable TV •TV news websites •AM/Satellite Radio •Negative online reviews •Declining AD revenue Goals, Objectives and Solution: After reading the case it’s apparent that our goal needs to push USA Today in the direction of reinventing themselves as not only a newspaper, but a multimedia application.
In order to take USA Today to the next level of a multi-media application several things have to happen. The first thing that needs to happen in order for USA Today to be once again taken as a serious threat, is the need to up the anti by actually creating an app that is accessible to all smart phones, tablets and even the newest rage of “smart televisions. ” The app that USA today needs to create should incorporate the other apps they have out now (games, gas prices, travel prices) and provide an easy to use way for their consumers to access the news, etc.
While, the app should remain a “free app,” something should be put in place that requires the user to pay X amount of dollars either a month, or year, in order to obtain full access to the entire app. By doing this, not only are you bringing in past loyal customers, but creating a new consumer base by offering unique options. Our goal is to take USA Today’s bright and creative ways, and mold them into something that technology junkies can use on a daily basis and receive the same amount of information as if they were subscribed to actual print copies.
The way we keep USA Today relevant is by keeping up with things that are actually relevant to their consumers, and technology is a consistent winner. An added bonus to creating a successful application, would be the stimulation of interest for advertising partnerships to be forms. With a formation of these partnerships, USA Today could begin to generate generous profits by selling advertisements to companies that would be accessible on their app. Thus the solution to the decline in readership for USA Today is to take it to the next level and provide outstanding DIGITAL service to their customers.
The Best Place I Have Ever Been college essay help free: college essay help free
Most people have been to another country before maybe it’s for business or family trip. The best place I have ever been is Maldives, one of the most beautiful countries in the world. Maldives is a country comprised by many small islands, which now people call this country is an island country. Language cannot express the feeling I have to this illustrious country. I still remember when I was 13 years old my mom and I decided to have a trip at somewhere on the earth.
I told her I want to go a place that I could eat every different kinks of food. Everyday is sunny and have beach near the place we live. The reaction she had at that moment was shocked, of course because there was a place could corresponded what had I described-The island country Maldives. We decided to go to Maldives, the mysterious place to us. First of all, we bought a lot of sun cream because the ultraviolet ray at there is extremely strong, usually the age of mine would got skin burned very serious.
We packed many summer clothes and diving tools, which I bought with the sun cream. Our flight landed at the airport of Sri Lanka, we needed to cross the board lane from this airport with our formal documents. Finally we arrived at our destination Maldives, everything in that country was totally different than China. The air much fresh than my home country and people on the island they were very friendly to us.
Houses were 100m close to the beach, you could go out with a few steps to swim in the sea. Everyday in the morning I would lay on the beach chair enjoy the sunshine. The best thing I ever did was having the life that a country’s president can’t even have. If I ever have another chance to go to Maldives I will not waste that chance. If I didn’t see it by myself I could not believe this place existed on the earth. Language cannot express how beautiful that country is.
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Human “character”, is the pattern of thinking and acting which runs right through someone, so that wherever you cut into them, you see the same person through and through . The transformation of a person character is their virtue. Virtue is what happens when wise and courageous choices have become “second nature . ” Wright differentiates a biblical framework from a Greek moral framework in that Jesus and his followers are offering the three-dimensional model toward Aristotle two-dimensional points .
Wright gives us excellent contrast between biblical and Greek moral framework and I agree with his positions. For example, Aristotle felt for someone to establish character they have to continually practice their strengths, he saw that the ultimate aim was to become the kind of character who would be able to act in the right way automatically, by the force of long training of habit. Jesus and Paul agreed; but they proposed a very different way by which the relevant habits were to be learned and practiced.
Also Aristotle saw that for one to be completely happy they needed moral strength called virtues, whereas Jesus and his followers highlighted qualities that Aristotle didn’t rate highly such as love, kindness, forgiveness . Evaluate Wright’s position and note where you agree and/or disagree with him. Defend your positions.  Wright, N. T. After You Believe: Why Christian Character Matter. Copyright 2010. P. 24  Ibid. 21  Ibid. 35  Ibid. 36 Character relates to Kouzes and Posner leadership model and Maxwell’s reflection in that Maxwell’s stresses the value of how we first have to work on yourself before we can work on others.
He states it is easier to teach what is right than to do what is right . He also reflects that people do what they see. In this we cannot build something great out in the world until we’ve tried to build something great inside of us . I think this is so important as it pertains to character is that it gives us the opportunity to learn who we are, and the ability to correct or work on negative flaws we do have so we do not unwillingly pass these flaws to others. Kouzes and Posner expresses that the climb to the top is arduous and steep.
The vision may be noble, and the cause may be just, but the work seems to never end . People are tempted to give up, but leaders encourage the heart of each constituent to carry on . Maxwell’s reflections in chapter 3 can co-exist in the above statements. If we can’t encourage ourselves and conquer pain and struggles how can we expect to help another person successfully deal with theirs.  Kouzes, M. James. Posner, Z. Barry. Christian Reflections on the Leadership Challenge. Copyright. 2004. P. 42  Ibid. 43
Badaracco defines moral code as a set of values and principles that guide behavior . As it pertains to moral flexibility he observes that Okonkwo has a narrow fixed moral code where he is not flexible in what he believes to be right. He feels no remorse for going against the values of his tribe and jeopardizing a traditional religious period of time, but accepts the punishment as he views moral code as a set of rules enforced by punishments; it is not to be evaluated or reflected upon .
Leaders must maintain a balance between “remaining true to their deeply held convictions and, at the same time, responding flexibility to the moral code and practical realities emerging around them” . In Okanwko’s case as time passed his belief unfortunately swayed his character and questioned his ability as a leader. He subsequently lost his followers and was eventually banned from a community. Romans 13:2, “Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment.  Badaracco, L. Joseph.
Questions of Character: Illuminating the Heart of Leadership Through Literature. Copyright. 2006. P. 31  Ibid. 40  Ibid. 52 Yes I do see tension between Badaracco moral flexibility and Kouzes and Maxwell values in that Okonkwo didn’t take any responsibility in his failure and lacked a great deal of remorse. Badaracco states, “A sound moral code requires an ongoing, open engagement with the moral and practical life that surrounds the leader. On some occasions, the clearest sign of a good moral code is flexibility rather than firmness” .
Kouzes/Posner states, “Leadership is both something you are and something you do. ” In other words, leadership is not just something you live but something you behave . Okonkwo behavior represented who he really is and the content of his character. Kouzes/Posner states that people do what they see and his example was not good as it pertains to leadership. Okonkwo behavior was so fixed that he had no regard for going against the values of his tribe and jeopardized a traditional religious period of time, but rather accepted his punishment.
Leaders need both the ability to be sensitive to community feelings when situations that require moral reactions and to confront failures looking for explanations as why the results unfolded in a certain sequence .  Badaracco, L. Joseph. Questions of Character: Illuminating the Heart of Leadership Through Literature. Copyright. 2006. P. 52  Kouzes, M. James. Posner, Z. Barry. Christian Reflections on the Leadership Challenge. Copyright. 2004. P. 47  Ibid. 41 Yes, there should be flexibility in one’s moral code. Moral code is a set of values and principles that guide a person behavior.
I do believe flexibility is plausible in that when we visit other cultures and societies they have their own specific belief system, holidays, and norms in which they go about living their life. Romans 13:1, “Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. ” Out of respect when we visit other cultures and come across people with different viewpoints than our own we should honor and respect their moral code for in the same respect we would want to receive the same measure of respect in our country as well.
Timothy 3:16 states, “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness. ” In the same perspective a person moral code should be flexible out of respect as it pertains to religious beliefs and customs not meaning we have to agree with their beliefs but we are to respect them. Leader’s level of respect should be held the most highest for,. Romans 13:2, “Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment.
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I first decided to write about Alberti, but then seeing that we were allowed to write about any architect we’ve come across in this course, I thought to myself who would be better than Le Corbusier or Frank Lloyd Wright; cliche’ , but yet they’re the fathers of the modern Architecture. Alberti’s type of Architecture wasn’t in use and he’s only looked at as history. Modern Architecture is what we live in, what we breathe, what we see, it’s in our blood as Architects; it’s what people expect from us. I then went on to choose between Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright.
I know much about Frank, but then I knew little about Le Corbusier. During my college years, his name was familiar, very famous between architecture students; we knew he was the god of modern architecture, we’ve heard about some of his buildings, yet we haven’t taken “architectural theories” – a college course that teaches us about modern architects among were Le Corbusier. It is very common that one doesn’t feel obliged learning about something unless it was homework. Doing this term paper about le Corbusier seemed about right; it was the only way I could learn much about him. Enough with un-useful chattering!
Architecture is the masterly, correct, and magnificent play of masses brought together in light. ” Le Corbusier, Toward a New Architecture, 1923 Le Corbusier’s original name was Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris. He was born in Switzerland in 1887. He was born to an artistic family which influenced him; his dad was an artist and his mother was a musician and taught piano. Le Corbusier was more into art, thus he left his school at the age of 13 in order to learn art and engraving. Le Corbusier love for art grew he was learning to paint and becoming more familiar with art history, he wanted to continue his study and become a painter.
His master- L’Eplattenier, on the other hand, wanted him to become an architect. By the age of 20 he designed his first house- Villa Pallet, 1907. (“Le Corbusier biography”) Le Corbusier traveled to Italy in 1906 and got the opportunity to work with Auguste Perret, who was considered the French pioneer of reinforced concrete. This part of his life marked a great period for his development as an architect as he was famous for using steel and reinforced concrete; with the help of Perret. Le Corbusier continued his travel and later on worked with Peter Behrens from October 1910 until Match 1911.
(“Le Corbusier biography”) Le Corbusier’s first works focused on residential villas; he wanted to create affordable prefabricated houses. After World War I, Le Corbusier returned to his homeland and worked at his old school. During his stay at Switzerland, he developed theoretical studies on how to use modern techniques. The Domino house project illustrated all of his theories as it became the foundation of his architecture. (“Le Corbusier biography”) In 1923, Le Corbusier published his book “Toward a New Architecture” which illustrated his five points of Architecture.
These five points are found in his Villa Sovoye. Le Corbusier’s five point of Architecture are the following: •The Supports: Replacing walls with reinforced concrete columns •Roof Garden •Free designing of the ground plan •Horizontal window: allowing rooms to be lit equally •Free design of the facade (Le Corbusier ) Le Corbusier was also famous for his urban planning skills. His first attempt was the sixty-story Villa Contemporaine which was drawn on paper but yet never constructed. Another attempt was La Villa Radieuse (the Radiant City); a well improved version of Villa Contemporaine.
Le Corbusier was now aiming towards bigger projects, his next project was Chandigarh; his planned city in India. (archdaily) Le Corbusier found inspiration in Mathematical Geometry, and was mostly fond of DaVinci and his Mathematical concepts; the golden ratio and Fibonacci series. (archdaily) Among his magnificent buildings, there were two projects that –I believe, stood out. Villa Savoye was definitely was one these projects; to me, Villa Savoye was a must-know. Villa Savoye is located in Paris, France, and was constructed in 1929.
Villa Savoye is a great example of Modern country houses and is an example of international style. International style became famous in 1920’s and lasted for ten years; its main principles were set by the book of Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson. (“International Style”) International Style was very famous in Europe and America. Its most famous features were lights, plane surfaces, no decorations, and open interior spaces. The material that was used in the International Style was glass and steel, in addition to reinforced concrete which was a little less visible that the other two materials.
Many factors contributed to the rise of International Style: •A need for commercial, residential, and civic buildings rose. •Architects are getting bored of the buildings of that era as nothing of its decorative elements was contributing to its function; one of the many features of modern architecture is that the shape of the building should go along with its function, and no additional element should be added unless it was important to its function. •New building technologies were constructed especially after the industrial revolution; for example: cast plate glass.
(“International Style”) Villa Savoye was built on the international modern style, and it followed Le Corbusier’s five important points to architecture. The design of Villa Savoye was affected by Le Corbusier’s love for ships; he loved that you could feel free moving from deck to deck and this contributed to his spatial planning and as he came with his five point toward architecture. Villa Savoye has a spacious ground floor and allowed the movement from one room to another freely, as if you’re on a ship.
Another feeling of ships is that when you approach the Villa is appears as if it’s floating; Le Corbusier worked on achieving this by painting the exterior walls of the ground floor green which blended in nicely with the environment and made the first floor appear to be floating. (archdaily) Le Corbusier used horizontal windows following his five points and this made the facade look very simple; very undistinguished. Despite having too much windows, Le Corbusier was very clever by separating the Villa into public and private areas; the private areas were closed off yet these areas were somehow connected.
(archdaily) Le Corbusier created a roof garden that you can get to from the second floor plan through a series of ramp; a roof garden was another point listed among Le Corbusier’s five points. The entire villa was constructed with concrete and Le Corbusier made sure to keep it as simple as possible; he used only white color for exterior walls and a subtle color in the inside. Le Corbusier’s Villa was very dynamic; it was easy to move from one story to another with the use of stairs and ramps. Le Corbusier’s passion in Mathematics shows in his design for Villa Savoye as he used the Golden Section, and Human Proportions.
Another great example of Le Corbusier’s architecture is Notre Dame du Haut. Notre Dame du Haut was constructed in 1950 south east of Paris and is classified as the most important religious building of the 20th century. This project was a little different for the city of Ronchamp; Ronchamp was not into international style yet, thus building something as modern as Notre dame du Haut was something extraordinary and it might meet some critics. Le Corbusier was up for this challenge, he wanted to bring change to this site, and he wanted something to stand out; something feminine.
Notre Dame du Haut was a catholic chapel that took Mary as it symbol; both Virgin Mary and Mary Magdalene. It is said that this catholic chapel represents Le Corbusier’s relationship with feminism; Le Corbusier combined between Virgin Mary and Mary Magdalene to produce a unified Mary that expresses all aspects of feminism. (“Le Corbusier & Women; The Feminist Voyeur?. “) One of the most common features of Le Corbusier’s designs is the spatial relationship, which can also be seen in this chapel.
Le Corbusier was seeking something meditative and respective in purpose; as lights enter the chapel, sensation takes over you. (archdaily) Le Corbusier chose this irregular shape to indicate feminism; irregular sculptural walls and roof. As complicated as the form is, the plan of this chapel is very simple; it was two entrances, and inside there’s an alter and three chapels. (archdaily) Le Corbusier’s irregular shape and the way the walls were sloping toward the center of the chapel made it very important to choose the construction method very precisely; nothing can go wrong.
Le Corbusier chose concrete as it is an excellent material in holding the structure together, but this required thick walls; the thickness of the walls had to be 4’-12’ thick. (archdaily) The curved appears to be hanging above the building, while instead it rests on columns that are hidden inside the thick walls; however, this creates a space of 10 cm between the walls and the roof. On the other hand, the design of the windows was very creative. Having thick walls, a solution had to be made when it got to the lighting; windows aren’t going to be enough; fortunately for Le Corbusier, they more than just enough.
Carved windows into such thick walls helped achieving the effect that Le Corbusier looked for; meditative and reflective in purpose. (Archdaily) Corbusier was truly the father of modern Architecture; his designs were different and unique, and each design brought something new to the architecture. Corbusier depended on the function to work its way to the final form. You can’t but admire his intelligence and his dedication to his work and to the Architecture; I wish they can teach us this at College.
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Both terms are processes that enable individuals or even corporate clients to achieve full potential. Although the terms are often used in the same sentences there are differences as well as similarities between the two. It is true that both are used to facilitate the exploration of needs, skills, motivations and thought processes. They are both designed to assist the individual or organisation in making lasting and tangible change. As mentioned previously there are differences between the two and here I have highlighted a number of them. Coaches do not need to have first- hand experience of the coachee’s line of work.
In contrast mentoring is normally where a more experienced individual who has knowledge and skill in the same field of work is paired with a less experienced person. To explain this further I have included definitions of both: Coaching is… “A process that enables learning and development to occur and thus performance to improve. To be a successful a Coach requires a knowledge and understanding of process as well as the variety of styles, skills and techniques that are appropriate to the context in which the coaching takes place” Eric Parsloe
Mentoring is… “off-line help by one person to another in making significant transitions in knowledge, work or thinking” Clutterbuck, D and Megginson, D. As a line manager I could use coaching techniques either in a formal setting or a more ad hoc way to successfully develop individuals within my team. The role of a mentor is one that does not normally have line management responsibility for the mentee. In regard to the process, a Coach asks probing and often thought provoking questions and would not normally offer advice/guidance.
A mentor on the other hand can provide guidance, taking a more directive approach. – Questioning techniques will often facilitate the individuals own thought processes in order to identify their own solutions and actions rather than been directed in an approach. This in turn encourages the individual’s commitment to their own development, change and growth. There can be a number of barriers to effective coaching for individuals and organisations. There can be a lack of understanding of the benefits of coaching and what coaching can achieve.
There can be the perception about the validity of coaching and cost-effectiveness by senior managers and team members and questions being raised in relation to the actual benefits of coaching. Businesses may not prioritise any implementation of coaching as part of their overall learning and development strategy. Therefore not ensuring that it is part of the wider change needed to implement coaching as part of the workplace. With organisations not seeing the value to the business. Organisational culture which can be full of red tape and process does can add additional barriers to embedding coaching practice into the workplace.
Coaching is a process to allow individuals to work out issues for themselves rather than be told what and how to do something. If the existing leadership style is one which focuses on short term results and a culture of individual achievements it may not consider the benefits of supporting and improving practice in all. The lack of vision may stifle the development of underperformers and even good performers to improve further. The lack of longer term investment could restrict longer term sustainable performance. The organisation, managers and individuals could all see that coaching is something that is just for underperformers.
The example needs to be set from the top down and at times senior managers are reluctant to utilise the strengths of their staff as the coaches themselves. There are many benefits to introducing coaching to an organisation. With one key benefit being an increase in performance. It can promote self-reliance, self-confidence, self-awareness and learning for individuals. It is proven that to be an effective method of self-development, which in turn promotes higher performance throughout the organisation. However, more interestingly mentoring can be used to increase diversity within organisations, this can create higher levels of management
opportunities for underrepresented groups, such as female employees. A study conducted in the USA by Ragins has proven that women have benefitted by a coaching approach cited a wide range of benefits for themselves as well as their organisation. This has included recruitment, retention of staff as well as increased productivity and a stabilising factor during change, support with succession planning and encouragement of knowledge sharing, providing a greater transfer of skills across the organisation. The skills, behaviours, attitudes, beliefs and values of the coach or mentor.
I think it is safe to say that the coach has several roles to perform; with the main objective being to develop the person being coached. This can be achieved by increasing self-confidence, identifying relevant and suitable topics for coaching as well as agreeing the setting of suitable planned tasks to support the learning process. Coaches need to have certain skills and knowledge to undertake the role. In my opinion a coach needs to be patient, supportive, interested, aware of others as well as self, attentive and perceptive.
Such elements underpin effective coaching and a genuine interest in the person being coached. Coaches need to have excellent interpersonal skills and there are various core skills that individuals should have in order to be effective. These will include; formulating effective questioning techniques. Followed by the ability to listen. A coach who has good listening skills will demonstrate this in a number of ways. Rephrasing and reflecting on the individual’s words but the tone of voice, body language and even use of silence are all powerful in their own right.
Creating rapport, paying attention to content and process, keeping an open mind as well as identifying limiting assumptions and beliefs are all linked to providing a supportive and safe environment for both coach and coachee. Furthermore the ability to give and receive feedback is also an important component. It is not just the coach that needs to be effective the coachee also needs to play a vitally important role in establishing a positive coaching relationship. This includes indentifying a suitable topic(s) for coaching, jointly setting realistic performance targets and creative methods of achieving them.
They must also take responsibility for their own development, this can include taking preparations before coaching meetings to maximise the development process. Be open and honest in their approach and accept constructive feedback on skill acquisition and their development progress. There are huge benefits to the coachee from an effective coaching relationship. It helps improve their performance and their effective use of skills and abilities. It can also help to increase job satisfaction and motivation. Leading to increased self esteem and abilities within their role.
However, the relationship also has advantages for the coach. These advantages can include improved communication, increased staff development, more effective delegation and their teams reaching higher levels of achievement. There are boundaries that need to be in place in order to work within a safe and structured manner. In the initial stages of the coaching relationship it is imperative that the coach and the coachee establish boundaries This requires the coach and coachee to work together to determine exactly what the coaching relationship is and what the objectives of the sessions should be.
Research conducted by Kenton and Moody (2001) found that there was mixed response when asking whether coaches saw a distinction between mentoring, counselling and coaching. Some stated that they made it very clear to the coachee that this was not counselling session or relationship. However, others stated they would allow the discussion and relationship to be directed by the coachee. What is evident is that before the coaching relationship starts the two individuals need to establish directly what is expected and define the boundaries of their relationship.
Not only does the coach need good communication skills they also need to be aware of and manage issues around any perceived power imbalances or differences in values between them. To be aware of your own values and boundaries is important and to be able to recognise those of the coachee is also important to establish a safe environment in order to undertake the coaching sessions. Some of the coaching process can be managed through ensuring and agreeing confidentiality boundaries, having a working agreement and having set review and evaluation points, including objectives set by the individual to bring back to the next coaching session.
The role of contracting and the process to effectively coach and mentor Although there are a number of different models used within the coaching environment The GROW Model is one of the best known and widely used coaching models. It provides a simple yet powerful framework for navigating a route through a coaching session, as well as providing a means of finding your way when lost. It is a simple model and can be used effectively by coaches with little coaching experience. With the key principles focusing on awareness and responsibility. GROW is an acronym for
Goal ; The goal of the conversation or the issue to be resolved. Reality: What the problem or issue is actually about, what is happening? Options: What are the choices available to the coachee to help resolve the issue? Wrap up (or Will): what is the commitment to change? Firstly, a session must have a Goal or outcome to be achieved. The goal should be as specific as possible and it must be possible to measure whether it has been achieved. So, having identified the goal, questions like “How will you know that you have achieved that goal?
” And had responses this will enable the process to move on. As well as knowing where you are trying to get to, you need to know where you are starting from – This is the Current Reality. This is a key part to the session and it is this that can give clarity to what the issue is allowing for a resolution to be found. Options is the next step, and it is here where the coach and coachee are able to explore what Options there are to resolve the issue brought to the session. The “W” is often taken to stand for a number of other elements of a session, all of which are important.
Myles Downey in his book “Effective Coaching” suggests it stands for “Wrap-up”; others have it standing for Will or What, Where, Why, When and How. But whatever is emphasised, the desired outcome from this stage is a commitment to action. Although the GROW process has been shown sequentially. In practice, it is a much less linear process which may start anywhere and revisit each of the stages several times. Following this model or any others designed to support coach and coachee gives structure and guidance to follow the process of a successful coaching session(s).
To help underpin the model process chosen by the coach agreeing a contract between coach and coachee is imperative. There are two forms of contract, Formal and informal. Formal contracting helps to agree in advance the number of sessions to be undertaken as well as other important aspects of the coaching agenda. Such as the purpose of the sessions for self, organisation and coach. The coaching goals, length of sessions, confidentiality, responsibilities for again, coach, coachee and organisation. Feedback to coachee and feedback to others, including line manager if coaching has been agreed for development needs.
Time and timekeeping. It is Ok to use part of the first session to look at the contract or to agree them prior to the first session. As well as formal coaching sessions, when time and agenda are agreed it is possible to use a less formal approach to coaching. The session could be as little as 10 mins long and part of a wider discussion when an individual is seeking clarification. Even though an informal coaching session needs less contracting, never the less objectives need to be identified and an “end point” needs to be agreed. Such as a designated amount of time to be agreed by coach and coachee.
Although the primary relationship in any coaching activity is between the coach and the individual, this is not the only important relationship. Other key stakeholders include the person representing the organisation’s interests – possibly HR and the individual’s manager. Both of these are interested in improving the individual’s performance and therefore their contribution to the organisation. When there are others with investment in a series of coaching sessions either for an individual or as part of the organisations desire to improve and sustain outputs.
It is very important to establish guidelines on confidentiality and information sharing early on to develop trust between the individual and coach, and the other multiple stakeholders. Ensuring that boundaries and confidentiality issues are agreed early provides all with a safe environment in which to work, grow and develop, not just individuals but the organisational culture. Often organisations use coaching models after an identification of some kind of learning or development need, either by the individual themselves or their line manager.
Once this has been identified, the next step is for the manager and the individual to decide how best the need can be met. Coaching is just one of a range of training and development interventions that organisations can use to meet identified learning and development needs. Its merits should be considered alongside other types of development interventions, such as training courses, mentoring or on-the-job training. Employee preferences should also be borne in mind. There is a danger that coaching can be seen as a solution for all kinds of development needs. It is
important that coaching is only used when it is genuinely seen as the best way of helping an individual learn and develop. Coaching supervision is a relatively new activity and little has been written about it. In the last two years, however, definitions have begun to emerge. these include: ‘Supervision sessions are a place for the coach to reflect on the work they are undertaking, with another more experienced coach. It has the dual purpose of supporting the continued learning and development of the coach, as well as giving a degree of protection to the person being coached’ (Bluckert 2004).
‘Coaching supervision is a formal process of professional support, which ensures continuing development of the coach and effectiveness of his/her coaching practice through interactive reflection, interpretative evaluation and the sharing of expertise’ (Bachkirova, Stevens and Willis 2005). ‘the process by which a coach, with the help of a supervisor, can attend to understanding better both the client system and themselves as part of the client–coach system, and by so doing transform their work and develop their craft’ (Hawkins and Smith 2006). these definitions agree that: Supervision is a formal process.
It is interpersonal, and can be undertaken one-toone, in groups or in peer groups. Reflection on client work is central to supervision. Its goals include developing greater coaching competence. Utilising supervision for coaches with more experienced coaches allows for individual personal development and allows three main aspects of qualitative work, development role and a resourcing function. Understand the principles of effective coaching and mentoring in practice and how to evaluate benefits To conclude I understand that coaching is not teaching. Although it does involve the sharing of information or experiences.
Coaches need to develop their own set of coaching principles which can be shared with the coaches. Boundaries and working agreements need to be set in order to clarify how the two individuals will work together. Confidentiality needs to be explicit as well as both parties understanding the limits to this confidentiality. To ensure a duty of care to the client as well as being bound to the legal issues of codes of ethics, as well as the individual organisations policies and procedures. Boundaries also need to be set in relation to their roles outside of the coaching sessions.
Time and place – when and where meetings are to take place and for agreed timings. Ongoing reviews – This can involve continual clarification of the role of the coaching sessions and what they involve. The understanding that the obligation of tasks is on the coachee. Ending the coaching sessions is the responsibility of the coach who needs to manage the end of the agreed number of sessions to avoid dependency from the coach. Time limited number of sessions is an appropriate way of managing the end as it avoids the risk of coachees becoming dependant or the feeling of being rejected.
Organisations use coaching to support its objectives. By evaluating coaching results the organisation is able to have a clear indication of the results achieved. However, evaluation can only be done if the coaching goals are established at the early stages of such an intervention. When coaching sessions are more formal then there should be a review stage incorporated into the process. This could include a three way meeting with individuals line manger or organisational representative, especially if they have been involved in teh objectives originally set. There are a number of evaluation methods used in coaching.
This allows for evaluation of individuals thoughts on coaching. However it is also important that the organisation is able to see tangible results. Return on Investment can be useful to understand how longer term projects and for those producing tangible results such as sales and outputs. Return on Expectation takes into account of soft skills, such as behaviour change, interperonsal benefits. These can be highlighted when asking individuals to undertake exit surveys as well as other more tangible results such as the reduction in sick leave.
Kirkpatrick discusses four levels of evaluation these look at both the individual and organisational benefits: these are: Reaction learning, behaviour and results. In conclusion, coaching is a method which can be used as a stand – alone investment or one that is linked to other organisational strategies to enable personal and organisational transitions. Coaching is a process and a tool used to motivate and inspire. Effective coaching allows the individual to explore what works for them and how they are able to be more effective within their organisation.
Black & Decker Case need essay help: need essay help
While Black & Decker is one of the 10 most known brand in the US, the brand’s branch selling tools to the professional-tradesmen, which was the original heart of consumers since the creation of the company, is facing a branding problem. Indeed, the entire range offered to the professional-tradesmen segment is considered by those buyers as a bad brand compared to Makita’s brand. The market shares highlight this rejection of B&D’s brand : B&D has only 9% whereas Makita has 50% of the tradesman segment’s shares.
The cause of this issue is not due of the quality of the products offered but only by the perception they have. The objective that the management has to reach is clear : increase market shares (from 9 to 20%) in this segment by giving to their products the credit in phase with the high quality they offer and emphasizing it with professional use. II. Strategic Situation Facing B&D’s Management A. Analysis of the Customers and the Market The market of Professional-Tradesmen is a $420 millions sized, composed of professional users who work in residential constructions and with the highest growth in its category (9%).
This is a interesting and competitive market with a level of renewal of $1000 per year by each customers, and an average expense of $300 per tools. These persons buy their tools by themself for their own use and they purchase it mainly in independently owned stores served by distributors (40%), Home centers (25%) and warehouse home centers (15%). Among this channel, the home centers is growing fastly. The characteristics demanded in this market are high performance, reliability and durability. To finish, they must appear professional and proud with the tools they use. B. Analysis of the Competition
Within this market, we can focus on two main competitors : Makita and Milwaukee. About market shares Makita overwrites the market with 50% whereas Milwaukee is about 10%. In addition there are others brands specialized in certain kinds of tools in which they are famous for. Milwaukee and Makita are very well known and perceived as to be the highest products quality providers. They practices prices-premium, especially Milwaukee. Makita, the principal competitor is distributed by all the channels, but its relationships with these distributors and retailers is “arrogant and dictatorial”.
Moreover, Makita is trying to interest the private “do it yourself” consumers without differentiation. This strategy could drive them to the same branding problem that B&D is facing. These competitors will be ready financially to face any actions that B&D could engage to gain market shares, especially by doing advertising. C. Analysis of Black & Decker (See Exhibit 1 : SWOT) B&D has a high brand awareness, but its quality perception in this segment is low whereas it is high in the industrial segment with the same products.
This fact and researches show that B&D offers a very high quality products. Indeed, they have developed their marketing strategy keeping a similar logo with the “use at home” brand, and a color very close to it (black to grey). This has conducted to a non-differentiation between the two brand by the Professional-tradesmen customers. The problem starts here : Professional are every day in contact with home consumers. They work for them, at their home and go mostly in the same stores to buy their tools.
They don’t want to use the same drills as their clients and also don’t want people think they use the same : this sounds not Professional. Above all, the Professional had been confused by this marketing mistake which does not instill the professional high quality required for their jobs. The Industrial segment is not touched by this phenomenon because it is not the same supply chain. They are aware about the quality and are not as sensible to the brand perception as the Professional are. B&D is present into all distribution channels excluding the Member Ship Club because of low prices.
D. Analysis of the Market Environment The market environment offer a good trend to this market. There are possibilities to always improve the performances and the quality of the products. The customers demand an important renewal which gives the product a maximum life cycle of three years and an average of one and half year (See Exhibit 2 : Life cycle). The channel “Home centers” is growing fast and represent a good opportunity of sales development. There is a trend of “do it yourself”, which drives home consumers to purchase professional tools. III. Strategic Alternatives Available
After this analysis, it appears that B&D’s brand is in such a risky position in this segment. Also, it can be seen that the B&D for Professional brand has really good strength to be salvageable, and to conquer the market, especially observing its high level of quality and awareness. But the brand must follow important changes to not be crushed totally. To solve the problem, Galli, Vice President of sales and marketing is thinking of three different strategy. The first would be to focus on the two other segment who are more successful and to just keep the Professional profitable.
This strategy is not viable because the brand will be kicked out of market in few times without doing anymore, and so the profitability would become highly negative. The opportunity to try to improve in this market and this segment is too important regarding the low financial risk. The second strategy would be to do sub-branding. This kind of strategy is in my opinion not enough drastic. Indeed, the bad reputation of B&D in the Professional segment is too rooted, there is a risk that they feel deluded and rejected the brand more.
The third strategy using the DeWalt name appears to be the best to solve the problem. It will erase the bad brand perception and give a new chance to the product, better differentiated and with a strong positive awareness. But it will cause internal incomprehension and also may be confusion to the Industrial and Consumers tools’ customers. IV. Recommended Strategy : Use DeWalt brand and more… A. Branding Recommendation The new brand has to display DeWalt in big position and also in little “serviced and distributed by B&D”.
At first the mention of B&D will give a better purchase interest and also will maintain the recognition of B&D as a provider of Professional for the home consumer who buy the other product still named under B&D brand. But after three years, the mention of B&D will disappear to let the DeWalt brand become a full brand. The main color will be yellow because no other brand is using it and it reminds the building industry. It will have to be a dull yellow mixed with dark black for other component. The brand brand will be accompanied by a powerful slogan such as “Proud and Strong”.
This brand would have to appear valuable and like the best for professional and only for them : the strongest, the more powerful and the safest. B. Marketing Mix Recommendations Into this new brand, only the product very competitive and in leadership will be conserved. The others will be added later if they are improved too high level of performance. This will ensure that the product range will be composed only by high quality products, what buyers are expecting. The design of all those products will be changed. The use of good quality materials is required.
In addition, many little options, accessories and details (antishock, integrated light, handy storage box … ), all mixed to make the last technological tools for hard uses which cares about its hard workers users. To convince on the liability of the new brand a warranty will be added. This warranty will be one year superior to the Makita’s one. With that we will offer a hotline service opened on working hours which allow consumer to ask for help with the product. The prices will be 7% superior to Makita’s products, and always inferior to Milwaukee’s ones.
The price sensitivity is not high in this type of purchasing, and to be a bit higher than Makita will be a proof of superiority. Also the year warranty in addition will convince the buyer about the price advantage. In terms of channels, the DeWalt new brand will go along all except the Membership Clubs that is not profitable and complectly dominated by Makita. A special focus will be made on the Home Centers and the independently owned stores by given to them specials advantages. To reach this segment effectively and efficiently, a campaign of direct personal mailing to all Professional will be used.
Demonstration of products in stores will be organized to show the product and proof its superiority. This will be to create discussion within the profession. The communication will be based on the DeWalt branding, coming on the Professional segment to fill in the complete needs of the market with very high performance. C. Timeline and Performance Goals See Exhibit 3. D. Consideration of Management Preference This strategy will have to reach minimum 20% market shares within three years and improve the operating income to at least 12%. People internal to the
firm may complain changing the brand name in the professional segment. This will be counteract by a large explanation before launching the brand, to all the firm on the situation supported by figures and transparency. The differentiation will have to appear like inevitable to grow. Exhibit 1 : SWOT Analysis of B&D Professional STRENGTHS High global awarness Good relationship with distributors and suppliers High quality of products Experience and historic in this market Big group company with high financial posibilities WEAKNESSES Not known as high quality product
Bad reputation in this segment Confusion with “at home uses” from the other B&D brands Rejection of the products OPPORTUNITIES Growth of the market Capabilty of doing best quality Growth of Home centers channel THREATS Many strong competitors Risk of losing on other segment if changes in this one Exhibit 2 : Life Cycle 10 tools = 3000$=> 1 tools = 300$ on average Every 1 years, 1000$ spent on renewal => 3,3 tools bought per year So the last tools are renewed 3 years later maximum and 1,5 years on average. Exhibit 3 : Timeline and Performance Goals
Sell the old production. Mailing campaign Demonstration inside the stores Explain to the firm this new strategy Develop the sales Specialized media advertisment Showroom itinerant Develop the sales Remove B&D sign on the the DeWalt brand Accentuate margin Performance goals Maintaining the same level of sales Dump the old stock of products Grow the awaraness Sales up to 40% Grow the awaraness Sales up to 50% Grow awaraness arround DeWalt only
Health and Social Care college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Explain how a working relationship is different from a personal relationship 1. A working relationship is different because of boundaries, professional codes of conduct, employer policies and procedures. In your working relationship you would be friendly have a different approach treat with equality you would know your role and responsibility you would not share personal information as you friends. 2. You work with different people doctors family colleagues give examples of how these are different 3.
As this sets out boundaries in your job role , enables you to know your role and responsibilities, knowing your own level of competence and skills, to know your job description Describe two types of working relationship in health and social care settings Relationships are probably the most involved and emotionally charged area of our lives. From the moment we are born we form relationships, each one requiring something different from us and giving us something different in return. In the health and social care setting there are many different working relationships.
These relationships will include: colleagues, manager, other professionals such as doctors/district nurse, service users and their family and friends Describe why it is important to adhere to the agreed scope of the job role It is important to adhere to the agreed scope of the job role as this sets out boundaries in your job role, enables you to know your role and responsibilities. Knowing your own level of competence and skills, knowing your job description. How do you access full and up to date details of agreed ways of working in your line of work? Agreed ways of working is working within the rules set out by your employer.
Following policies and procedures of the company. Important to have up to date agreed ways of working as there may be changes in policies within the law. Your company may have to implement them to help protect the vulnerable Explain two way it is important agreed ways of working at your work place When people are deeply upset about something, they need to get their story out. This is a basic principle of mediation and one that’s important to remember. Often in a conflict, the parties are so focused on minutiae that they lose sight of the big picture and its implications.
As the mediator, you need to bring people back to reality by wrenching their attention away from the grain of sand and having them focus on the whole beach. Doing so may help resolution arrive at a startling speed. Explain two way it is important to work in partnership with others Partnership can be formed between a number of individuals, agencies or organisations with a shared interest. Partnerships are often formed to address specific issues and have a common reason for working together and could often formed to target a short or long term issues.
In order to achieve a good partnership partners need to communicate, co-ordinate, co- operate. There are two types of partnership working: multi agency working and integrated working. Multi agency working and an integrated working Identify skills and approaches needed for resolving conflicts Increased understanding: The discussion needed to resolve conflict expands people’s awareness of the situation, giving them an insight into how they can achieve their own goals without undermining those of other people.
Increased group cohesion: When conflict is resolved effectively, team members can develop stronger mutual respect, and a renewed faith in their ability to work together. Improved self-knowledge: Conflict pushes individuals to examine their goals in close detail, helping them understand the things that are most important to them, sharpening their focus, and enhancing their effectiveness. Define person centred values Person centred values means the people whom we support are able to be involved and included in every aspect of their care and support. For example: * their needs,* Assessments, * Care delivery, and, * Support planning. EXPLAIN WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO WORK IN A WAY THAT EMBEDS PERSON CENTRED VALUES. It is important to do this as person centred approaches, policies and procedures, as well as care practices should always put the people whom we support at the centre of the day-to-day activities, as well as including the residents and their families in the planning and maintaining of this. Explain why risk taking can be part of a person centred approach Taking risks means that you are able to choose and be in control of what you do.
You need to ensure that concerns about taking risks is not stopping you living the way you want to. A risk assessment can always be carried out to see if it is possible for someone to do something that they thought would not be possible. Explain how using an individual’s care plan contributes to working in a person centred way Using an individual’s care plan will ensure that the person’s own needs and wishes are being met, rather than offering them a ‘choice’ of what is available.
Using their care plan, you can build on what they want and see where there are gaps that need to be addressed. How do you find out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of the individual? 1. You need to know their history because it may affect their care plan – for example a client (service user) who has been abused will need extra support. This also includes all past health issues and possible behaviour. 2. Part of working for equality and a high standard of care it is essential that client’s wishes are expressed. This is like anyone else on the planet.
A major part of the ‘wishes’ possess involves their deaths i. e. , would they like to buried, would they like someone to have some of their possessions. 3. To be able to formulate a care plan you must first find out what level of care a client needs going on their individual needs. Some clients may need extra support with washing/dressing. Other may need extra therapies such as hydro or music. How do you apply person centred values in day today work taking into account the history, preferences, wishes and needs of the individual?
Government policy should be founded on a clear, ambitious and measurable goal to improve the experience of patients and service users and to be delivered by a defined date. Setting an ambitious goal to improve patient experience should be reinforced by enhanced guarantees to patients with complex needs. These guarantees would include an entitlement to an agreed care plan, a named case manager responsible for co-ordinating care, and access to tableware and a personal health budget where appropriate.
Explain the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support It is important to establish consent because it is a basic human right for everyone to have the choice. Much of the treatment or support the individual receives is either invasive or personal, so consent is essential as it protects providers against legal challenge. Asking for consent is also part of the codes of practice for social care. Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established A capacity assessment by a qualified professional should be carried out to see if the individual has the capacity to make decisions.
These steps should be taken by professionals as stated in five principles set on in the Mental Capacity Act 2005. Describe how active participation benefits an individual Active participation is an approach that enables individuals to be included in their care and have a greater say in how they live their life in ways that matter to them. The benefits of active participation can be divided into primary benefits and secondary benefits. Identify three possible barriers to active participation Physical benefits including greater activity levels.
Increased independence and autonomy in what people do. An opportunity for individuals in health and social care settings to have a say in matters of direct concern to their lives. Support an individual to make informed choices Learning to communicate in an effective way and using this to inform the client of all possible choices. Everyone on this planet can communicate in one form or another – you need to take the time to learn how every individual client communicates. Explain how you can use agreed risk assessments Process to support the right to make choices
People who work in health and social care constitute a large and diverse workforce looking after a predominantly vulnerable population. Employees have the right to work in a healthy and safe workplace, and the people using services are entitled to care and support that is safe and takes their needs, freedom and dignity into account. Explain why a worker’s personal view should not influence an individual’s choices The consequences are that the individual making the choice may make a decision that they might later regret or worse, that has a devastating impact on their life.
A person should never make a decision based purely on the personal views of others but should instead gather all the available information and decide for themselves what course of action is right for them – it’s a case of what is good for the goose isn’t always good for the gander. Describe how support an individual to question or challenge decisions conceding them that are made by others They have the right to make their own choices and decisions under the Human Rights Act, as long as the decisions they make do not put them at risk of harm or injury and they have the mental capacity to make them.
You could support them to question or challenge by speaking on their behalf but you would need to know exactly what their wishes are, and record it for them to sign. Explain how individual identity and self-esteem are linked with well being Because if you don’t feel good about yourself or don’t have a sense of purpose or identity you tend to feel more depressed therefore your wellbeing will be effected Describe attitudes and approaches that are likely to promote an individual’s well being Using what service in adult care? Do you mean the service OF adult care?
Those who give care should show respect for the elderly; be courteous, but also be friendly. Call the person by his/her last name unless invited to use the first. Don’t assume that ALL elderly people have forgotten everything they ever knew and are only good at bingo anymore. Support an individual in a way that promotes a sense of identity and self-esteem The first thing is that the person is an individual in their own right – you need to understand what they are about and not judge, pick the bright nuggets of information and use this as a a springboard to encourage self-esteem and their self-image.
As they talk about themselves you will be able to get a sense of self and where they are in their image. You need to feedback to them what was said as positive rather than the negative – if they say Ii am always failing” reply with ” really, you at least have the guts to try something out of your comfort zone – not everyone can do it” the negatives must be turned to positives but it takes time and consistency – and as their self-worth and esteem improves – you will find they will need less and less re-enforcing Demonstrate ways to contribute to an environment that promotes wellbeing Donation centres have drop-off points for returning
old things for sale to help charitable areas. The scouts, Goodwill stores do these things. Roadside, creek, gulley, beach and parks welcome “clean-up crews”: volunteers who help together to pick up careless refuse, windblown trash.
Identify legislation relating to general health and safety in a health or social care work setting Legislations/codes of practice relating to general health and safety in a health or social care work setting are: The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974; Riddor 1995, COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health); Manual Handling operations regulations 1992; Health And Safety (First aid regulations 1981); Fire protection (Workplace) Regulations 1997; Food Safety Act 1990; Personal Protective Equipment and Management of Health and safety at work regulations 1999.
Describe two main points of the health and safety policies and procedures agreed with the employer The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 is the main piece of legislation that covers work related health and safety in the workplace.
The main points of the health and safety policies and procedures agreed with the employer are Minimum handling and lifting; Ensure handling and lifting is carried out correctly and safely; Making sure all materials/equipment that is needed to be used is handled, stored and used safely; To be aware of any potential hazards and risks and how to reduce to liability of any accidents occurring; To be responsible for your own welfare and the welfare of others you are looking after; To wear the correct PPE at all times; Outline the main health and safety responsibilities of: Self
The employer or manager Other in the work setting The main responsibilities for yourself whilst at work in a health and social care setting are to not put yourself or others at risk, to report any hazards or unsafe conditions, to co-operate with your employers, to not tamper with or misuse equipment provided, to attend training, be aware of and follow policies and procedures. Identify tasks relating to health and safety that should not be carried out without special training It generally takes special training to repair teeth. Prescribing medicine takes special training also.
Explain how to access additional support and important relating to health and safety 1. Protect service users from harm and abuse 2. Be personally fit at work 3. Maintain health and safety at work 4. Assess risk associated with work 5. Report incidents at work Exampling why it is important to access health and safety hazards posed but the working set or by particular activities Than the individual will know how to behave when it comes to that specific situation Explain how and when to report potential health and safety risks that have been identified You should report it immediately to your supervisor.
You do not need to wait for an inspection team to come by. In fact, health and safety legislation requires employees to report hazards to their supervisor. Explain how risk assessments can help address dilemmas between rights and health and safety concerns This follows from the previous dilemma question. Carrying out a risk assessment supports the individual to have their choice met in the safest way possible. For example, Freda doesn’t want to use her Zimmer frame any more. A risk assessment might show her that she can’t walk safely without some support, however she can manage with two sticks and she agrees to compromise.
You have supported her rights of choice and kept her as safe as you can under your duty of care. Describe different types of accidents and sudden illness that may occur in own work setting Cuts and burns etc. in the kitchen, falls, back injuries though poor lifting techniques, strokes, heart attacks, diabetic emergencies, asthma attacks, allergic reactions and so on. Outline the procedures to be followed if an accident or sudden illness should occur Procedures to be followed: ensuring and maintaining safety for individuals concerned and others e. g.clearing the area, safely moving equipment if possible; remaining calm; sending for help; assessing the individual for injuries; administering basic first aid if necessary and if trained to do so; staying with the injured/sick individual until help arrives; observing and noting any changes in condition; providing a full verbal report to relevant medical staff or others; completing a full written report and relevant documentation e. g. accident report, incident report; understanding the policies, procedures and agreed ways of working for the work setting Identify legislation that relates to moving and handling
This remains the basis of health and safety legislation, and “Sets out the general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employees have to themselves and to each other” (HSE, 1996) HSE leaflet “Health and Safety Regulation” (HSC 13) 1996 The Act states that employers must ensure, as far as reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees whilst at work and any other persons affected by their business activities. The Act is a general piece of legislation and not specific to moving and handling so is not considered here in detail.
Explain principles for moving and handling equipment and other objects safely The Manual Handling Operations Regulations define it as ‘any transporting or supporting of a load (including the lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or by bodily force’. In effect, any activity that requires an individual to lift, move or support a load, will be classified as a manual handling task. Identify three hazardous substances and materials that may be found in the working setting Asphyxiates
Pesticides Medicines Cosmetics or Substances produced in the chemical processes Storing hazardous substances Using hazardous substances Substituting it with another substance which presents less, or no risk; Using another process which doesn’t create a hazardous form of that substance. Disposing of hazardous substances and materials asbestos lead-acid batteries used engine oils and oil filters oily sludge’s solvents and solvent-based substances chemical wastes pesticides fluorescent light tubes Starting
Good practice in health and safety is good for your business – and it’s the law. HSE is here to help – our online advice and tools can help save you time and effort getting started. Spreading Outline emergency procedures to be followed in the event of a fire in the work setting How you react in the event of fire depends on how well you have prepared for a fire emergency. Therefore, departments should ensure that all employees are familiar with the procedure to follow in the event of an emergency as outlined in the University’s Emergency Plan.
Explain why it is important to have security systems for recording and storing information in a health and social care setting Mainly because of HIPPA (Health Insurance Accounting and Portability Act) laws, which are designed to protect the medical records information of all patients. Because of HIPPA, hospital computer systems are accessed by employees via passwords, and unless an employee is entering or legitimately looking up information on a patient, that employee is not allowed to snoop through that patient’s records on a whim.
Describe how to access guidance information and advice about handling information in your line of work ineffective or insufficiently trained management unfair treatment unclear job roles poor communications poor work environment lack of equal opportunities bullying and harassment unresolved problems from the past an increase in workload Explain what actions to take at working when there are concerns ever over the recording, storing or sharing of information The Data Protection Act requires you to process personal data fairly and lawfully.
This section explains how to comply with this requirement, and gives examples of good practice in handling personal data. Explain employee’s roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection Prevention and control of infection The employee’s role and responsibilities include: To ensure that their own health and hygiene not pose a risk to service users and colleagues To ensure effective hand washing is carried out when working with service users, giving personal care, handling/preparing food. To ensure they use protective clothing provided when needed and appropriate.
Explain employer’s responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection Employers’ roles and responsibilities include: making sure employees are aware of the health and safety aspects of their work (e. g. posting information on notice boards, keeping an information file such as COSHH, training, and providing supervision) the need to keep records in relation to infection control using appropriate documentation to ensure that the relevant standards, policies and guidelines are available within the workplace
Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards when are relevant to the prevention and control of infection relevant to the preventions and control infection The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Both employers and employees are responsible for their own actions in the Work place. All reasonable steps should be taken when carrying out your work duties and all staff should have adequate health and safety training, and measures should be taken to ensure that policies and procedures are in place and adhered to.
Describe how local and organizational policies relevant to the prevention and control of the infection Employees rights and responsibilities in the relation to the prevention and control of infection are to follow company’s policies and procedures, keep themselves safe and others, report any hazards which could lead to infection, attend relevant courses, use the PPE provided, keeping the work environment clean and tidy and to maintain good personal hygiene Describe procedures and systems relevant to the prevention and control of infection Food handling, waste disposal, cross infection through skin contact or unclean equipment etc., but mainly poor practice. Illness or death, inquiry, loss of registration, criminal charges. Think about PPI, waste disposal, hand washing, cleaning and decontamination, risk assessments etc. Infection protection and control policy, health and safety policy, dealing with accidents and emergencies policy, first aid policy, food hygiene policy, medication (handling meds) policy etc.
Explain the potential impact of an outbreak of infection on the individual and the organizational Individual – Short or long term illness, secondary conditions or further complications, depression, loss of trust in setting, death. Organisation – sanctions, loss of reputation and trust, closure, prosecution. Environment – distress of staff, individuals and families, unsettled atmosphere though loss of trust, disruption e. g. through an investigation and inspection or decontamination. Define the term risk A situation involving exposure to danger.
Outline potential risks of infection within the workplace the first part of your question relates to local policies which are dictated by local people’s views on what is important to them as well as what the professionals think is important – local and organisational policies have to consider local need and available local facilities. Describe the processes of carrying out a risk assessment 1. Identify the hazards 2. Decide who might be harmed and how 3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution 4. Record your findings and implement them 5. Review your assessment and update if necessary
Explain the importance of carrying out a risk assessment Identify hazards. Analyse or evaluate the risk associated with that hazard. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard. In practical terms, a risk assessment is a thorough look at your workplace to identify those things, situations, processes, etc. that may cause harm, particularly to people. After identification is made, you evaluate how likely and severe the risk is, and then decide what measures should be in place to effectively prevent or control the harm from happening.
Describe three different types of PPE and three USE PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE). State current relevant regulations and legislation relating PPE * Gloves- protect hands * Gowns/aprons-protect skin and/or clothing * Masks and respirators- protect mouse/
* Respirators- protect respiratory tract from airborne infectious agents. * Goggles- protect eyes * Face shields- protect face, mouth, nose, and eyes. Describe employer’s responsibilities regarding the use of PPE * It is the responsibility of employees to Ensure that they take reasonable care to protect their own health and safety and that of their co-workers and other persons in or near the workplace; * Report to management any hazardous or potentially hazardous conditions or risks that they identify in their work environment.
* Participate in training provided by the employer, regarding the appropriate use, care, and maintenance of PPE. Describe employees in the application and removal of PPE The primary methods for preventing employee exposure to hazardous materials are engineering and administrative controls. Where these control methods are not appropriate or sufficient to control the hazard, personal protective equipment (PPE) is required. A work area assessment is required to determine the potential hazards and select the appropriate PPE for adequate protection.
Employees must receive training which includes the proper PPE for their job, when this PPE must be worn, how to wear, adjust, maintain, and discard this equipment, and the limitations of the PPE. All training must be documented. Describe the current practices in the application and removal of PPE PPE such as gloves, aprons and masks are single use items and should be disposed of after each procedure or activity to prevent cross-transmission of micro-organisms.
When these items are worn primarily to protect the wearer, the importance of their prompt removal between tasks on the same patient/client or between patients can easily be overlooked and give rise to the possibility of contamination. Describe the current procedures for disposal of used PPE Personal protective equipment – known as ‘PPE’ – is used to protect health care workers while performing specific tasks that might involve them coming into contact with infectious materials. Describe key principles of good personal hygiene
Their hands are washed after they’ve used the toilet Their genitals and anal area are washed every day Their face is washed daily They’re fully bathed or showered at least twice a week Describe the correct sequence for hand washing and when and why hand washing should be carried out the beginning of the shift preparing, handling and eating food donning gloves any patient contact clean/aseptic procedures entering/leaving clinical areas entering/leaving isolation cubicles preparing/giving medications using a computer keyboard in a clinical area
Describe the types of products that should be used for hand washing The main products currently in use are: – Soap – Aqueous antiseptic hand wash solutions – Alcohol-based hand rubs – Others including emollient soap substitute, tea tree-oil based solutions, water-based solutions and hand wipes. Describe correct procedures that relates to skin care Work-related skin problems are very common. Although skin problems can happen in most workplaces, certain jobs present a higher risk, e. g. the health and social care sector.
The Importance of Physical Education professional essay help: professional essay help
In most of the schools, physical education is part of the curriculum. Apart from maintaining physical fitness, it includes training in the development and care of the human body It helps a person sharpen overall cognitive abilities and motor skills through athletics, exercise and various other physical activities. Seeing its benefits for the body and its effect on life, the importance of physical education can’t be ignored. Physical education inculcates in children the importance of maintaining a healthy body and teaches then the importance of regular fitness activity in daily routine, which in turn keeps them happy and energized.
This helps the children to maintain their fitness, develop their muscular strength and increase their stamina. Research has proved that children who actively participate in sports, be it team sports or dual and individual sports, have high self-confidence, which is very important for the development of a person’s character. Physical education instills the desire to participate, enjoy victory and take defeat positively, developing the overall personality of the character. By making children participate in sports, especially team sports, physical education also imbibes in them a sense of team spirit.
Children learn how to work as a team member, organize themselves and function together towards attaining a goal. This in turn improves a child’s overall communications skills and the ability to get along with different kind of people. Physical education helps one gain knowledge about the overall aspects of physical health. In today’s world, several health problems like obesity, anemia, bulimia, and even diabetes, are rampant amongst teenagers. Through physical education, teachers can promote the benefits of healthy andnutritious food and discourage them for having junk food by highlighting their ill effects. They can easily promote sound eating practices and guidelines for nutrition. Physical education also teaches about the importance of personal hygiene and importance of cleanliness. They guide the students by informing them about the important hygiene practices for maintain health and well being throughout the life. In addition to this, the physical education classes also cover an important aspect that the children have to deal with at the age of puberty.
Apart from health and knowledge benefits that students get from physical education, they also learn how to unwind and relieve themselves of stress and anxiety. Sports and other physical fitness activities offered in the physical education classes are a welcome break for the students. It won’t be wrong to say that children, who learn the importance of health and hygiene in their early ages, tend to grow up to be responsible and healthy adults who are well aware of the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Children who are provided good physical education are more likely to become responsible adults who know the importance of a healthy lifestyle.
The American Dream – Of Mice and Men essay help websites: essay help websites
The American Dream is a large theme on which the novella “Of Mice and Men” is based on. Each character strives to achieve their own dream, and some without realising. Dreams are very important in the novella, because without them nobody has anything to work towards and to motivate them in life. Lennie’s dream is probably brought up most throughout the novella, out of all the dreams. Lennie’s dream is to get ‘the fatta the lan” with a small place and rabbits. Lennie spends his whole life imagining the better life he could have, because of Lennie’s bad memory it’s constantly brought up and we are reminded of it.
Sadly Lennie’s dream is never achieved. People always assume that George’s dream is the same as Lennie’s, but nowhere in the novella does George actually mention they share the same dream. Whenever George is telling Lennie what they’ll do he uses the pronoun ‘we’ so it’s unclear whether George has the same dream as Lennie or if he’s just saying it to keep Lennie satisfied. Crooks is a very isolated character in the novella. As he is black and the only coloured man in Soledad he is discriminated against. Although he was born in California, the other men on the ranch still call him a ‘Niger’ and a ‘Negro’.
He has to live in a separate room to the bunk house and is not allowed in there to socialise or play cards because the other men, ‘they say I [he] stinks” As Crooks has been isolated and treated so badly for so long he no longer accepts charity and turns away people who try to care and talk to him. He also no longer believes in wishes or dreams and tells Lennie ” Ever’body wants a little piece of lan’… and nobody gets no land” which proves his disbelief in the reality of dreams. Although Crooks lets himself slip at one point and admits he could imagine him pleasantly hoeing a patch of garden on Lennie’s farm one day.
Curley’s wife is the only character to have had her dream vaguely accessible at one point. However she missed the opportunity and we find out later in the novella she deeply regrets not trying harder for it. When she was younger she met a guy who was involved with Hollywood but she never received the letter she was promised from him and she believed her mother had stolen it. Instead she ended up leading a miserable life with an unsuccessful marriage. It is never clear whether Curley has a direct dream he’s aiming for but by using our inference and deduction skills we can assume alot of things that could be Curley’s American dream.
In one instance, Curley is always very protective over his wife and doesn’t like her straying too far away from him. The other men on the ranch joke saying “He spends half his time lookin’ for her [Curley’s wife] , and the rest of the time she’s lookin’ for him [Curley]”. This could be from a previous experiences, he could’ve had a previous wife who left him for another man. We will never know why Curley is so protective but one point we do know is that part of his dream might be to have a loyal wife, who is faithful, and never chats to other men.
Candy is also a very isolated person in the novella, along with many other characters. Candy is the oldest man on the ranch and the only close companion he really had was his dog, who he ended up letting Carlson shoot. When Lennie and Crooks are talking about the dream land with a little place, Candy latches himself onto Lennie’s dream to have a couple of acres of land and ” a dog an’ rabbits an’ chickens. We’re [George, Lennie and Candy] gonna have green corn an’ maybe a cow or a goat” Although almost every character has their own American dream not one of them achieve it, which proves Crook’s point “It’s jus’ in their head”.
The American dream is not correct in this case because it says anything is attainable through hard work and all people can succeed through hard work, which isn’t true because Lennie, George and many of the other ranch workers have worked their whole lives to try and make enough money to get their own little place, but no one does. This shows she impossibility of the American Dream in a world with not enough freedom and contentment but too much inequality and unfairness. By Maisie Tang U4S
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