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End Of A Doll And Krogstad’S Threat Descriptive Essay Help

Ibsen’s Surprise

Essay title: Ibsen’s Surprise

At the end of A Doll’s House, Isben surprises the audience. When Torvald learns that Krogstad is no longer threatening him, he offers to forgive Nora. Most people in the audience would expect the ending to be happy and for the family to live its life as it did before. Shockingly, Nora tells Torvald that she plans on leaving him and their children. She realizes that her life has not been happy and that Torvald does not really love her. Nora has many motivations for leaving Torvald. She feels that she has been treated like a doll her whole life, and does not like being treated that way. She also decides to leave when she finds out how upset Torvald was with her. She feels as if he would not defend her. Nora also knows that Torvald will not forget what happened, and he will hold it against her for the rest of her life. When Nora decides to leave Torvald at the end of A Doll’s House, many readers seemed shocked that she would do such a thing, but she has many motivations that can be seen throughout the play.

As Nora is leaving, she tells Torvald that she has been treated like a doll her whole life. Her father treated her like a doll, and Torvald treats her like a doll. He always seems to baby her and call her his “skylark”. Nora tells him that in the eight years that they have been married that they never once have had a serious conversation. A relationship can not be very successful without serious conversations. It is almost as if there is no meaning to the relationship and that it is all fun and games. Nora realizes this throughout the actions of the play. When they come home from the ball on the last night, Torvald’s behaviors show that he is not really mature enough to be in a marital relationship. He seems to act like a child in front of Nora, and Nora has had enough of being treated like a child her whole life. Throughout the play, she seems to get more and more upset when he treats her like this. At the end of the play, this is one of the reasons why she decides to leave Torvald.

When Torvald learns about Krogstad’s threat to reveal that Nora forged a signature, he becomes extremely upset. Not only is he upset about the signature, but also that she borrowed money behind his back. Torvald gets extremely upset and says that she has ruined everything he has going for him. He does not seem supportive or willing to help her get through it. After the letter from Krogstad is sent with the bond, Torvald tells Nora that they can live happily again. Nora can not believe his actions when only a few minutes before that he was yelling at her. She decides to leave him, based largely on his actions. She tells him that she wished that he would have told her everything was going to be alright and that he would take the blame for it. She thought he would be a loyal husband and stick up for her, but he did no such thing. Nora is hurt to know that he is not there for her in times of need. After she realizes this, there is no way she can continue living with Torvald.

After the threat is gone, Torvald rejoices and says that they can live their lives as they had done before. Nora knows

First Email Message And Executive Program free college essay help: free college essay help

The Internet

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Whether youre an average teenager wanting to keep in touch with friends after school, or a business person needing a low cost but effective way to keep work related material local and secret, chances are you use E-Mail or Instant Messaging services. For communication purposes in this high tech lifestyle that exists today, these systems are used only with the basic understanding needed to run these devices. You are about to learn how these systems came to be and the in depth understanding needed to make them work.

To start with, you must know that they require a system of computers connected to a LAN (Local Area Network) server. The most commonly used and largest LAN server in the world is the Internet. Since the internet hosts the majority of all IM (Instant Messaging) and E-Mail servers, then you must know the beginnings of it.

The Internets precursor was the ARPANET. The ARPANET was a large wide-area network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research project Agency (ARPA). Established in 1969 ARPANET served as a test-bed for new networking technologies, linking many universities and research centers. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, followed by the University of Utah. Because of his unique expertise in data networking Len Kleinrock would use the technology which by then had come to be known as “packet switching”. When TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) was adopted by the ARPANET as its connection for the networks, the Internet was born.

The first email message was sent by Len Kleinrock in 1973. He used the Resource-Sharing Executive program (RSEXEC) to send a message to a man in London that he forgot his razor in his room and to retrieve it while at the international meeting for government funding projects like the ARPANET from other countries. To do so he first had to run the RSEXEC program in his home in Los Angeles and then had to think of a person on the network at 3 A.M. When he did, he put the “where so-and-so” command in and connected his computer to the other so the TALK command would be enabled. RSEXEC opened a split screen window, one to write messages and the other to read. As time passed, this process of using a resource sharing program as a message sending system became widely used.

Later a man named Ray Tomlinson created a message mailing and message reading program. To send messages, youd use the program “SNDMSG”; to receive/read messages, youd use the program “READMAIL”. Even though Tomlinson was famous for his invention of this two programs his main claim to fame was a decision he made while writing these programs. He needed a way to separate the e-mail address from the username. He wanted a character that would not be used in the username. While looking at the standard keyboard used by most ARPANET users, he chose the @ symbol. Ray did not intend the program to be used on the ARPANET, like most mailbox programs it was intended to be used on local time-sharing systems. It was designed to handle mail locally and not over wide distances.

Stephen Lukasiks, when appointed as head of the agency that ran the ARPANET, first action was to receive an e-mail address and access to the ARPANET on his “portable” computer. He was also one of the very first business men who promoted the idea of using mailbox systems like Tomlinsons for work related communication. During meetings he would use his computer to dial-up his mail to view. Many workers saw this as a way to get the boss approval on an idea quickly. But by 1973 three quarters of all traffic on ARPANET was e-mail. With the e-mail flow was so large and Lukasik being the boss, his e-mail was piling up in his in-box. The day after talking to Larry Roberts about his e-mail situation, Roberts came in with a bit of code that could show a menu of messages, file messages, or delete them. This program was the very first e-mail manager. Many people on the ARPANET loved Roberts program “RD” for READ. Soon people began to make little tweaks to it and operating systems where flooded with programs such as NRD, WRD, BANANARD, HG, and MAILSYS.

One of the later complications with e-mail were the header wars. The header wars where based on human disagreement on how much information was to be displayed at the head of a message. Of course, many people displayed information in their header that other people would say as too much and considered it to be out of balance with the message. The problem was solved when a regulation was set for the header to only show the date and from categories.

As time past, more people became relaxed on what they said over e-mail and there began to come messages about anti-war including forms of anarchy and disagreements over Nixons impeachment.

As e-mail systems became large and more complex, separate computers called servers where dedicated to running new e-mail programs some examples would be SMTP, POP3, IMAP.

By 1976 the number of e-mail messages sent compared to the amount of first class mail handled by the Postal Service was still a child compared the Postal Service, but the increasing numbers of e-mail transactions were not going unnoticed. These increasing numbers caused Arthur D. Little to include in his report

Clarissa Vaughan And Laura Brown essay help writing



The Hours is a novel that deals with the various cultural aspects of life. Michael Cunninghams writing reflects the various nuclear families, the different economic conditions, and the social issues involving the three women in the novel.

The Hours begins with Virginia Woolf who is married to Leonard. They do not have any children of their own. Woolf lives in London in 1923 battling mental illness and struggling to write a book, Mrs. Dalloway. She struggled and finished the book according to Tony Peregrin “at the age of 43”. Woolf is financially stable due to her husband was a publisher. She had a cook, Nelly, and a housekeeper Lottie. By 1941, The Second World War was going on and Virginia Woolf had committed suicide.

The second protagonist in the novel is Laura Brown, a housewife who is living in Los Angeles in 1949. Her traditional family consists of her husband Dan who is a war hero of sorts, works in an office, provides for the family while Laura statys at home and cares for the family. She has one child, Richie, and is expecting another child. The Browns live in a nice home with manicured lawns, nice Cheveorlet in the driveway, in Los Angeles. Laura smokes, reads Mrs. Dalloway, and is infaturated with Virginia Woolf and her suicide. She desires to commit suicide but opts out to leave her family and move to Canada instead. Life and death will bring the mother and son together. Laura may not have the nerve to kill herself, but her son Richard, fell to his death from a fall from the window while suffereing from AIDS.

The third protagonist, Clarissa Vaughan, who was given the name Mrs. Dalloway by Richard. He was a one time lover of hers. The period is 2001. Clarissa is financially stable and independent while living in the upscale Greenwich Village area with her live in lover, Sally of 10 years. Clarissa has a daughter, Julia who was conceived by artificial insemination by an unknown donor. Julia has a gay friend, Mary who Clarissa is not very fond of.

Although Woolf, Brown, Vaughan are women that are struggling with their own internal issues of restlessness in the place of where she lives, contemplating

Hilary Burke And End Of The Book Hilary college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

If I Shoulddie B4 I Wake

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In the book “If I Die Before I Wake” by Han Nolan a girl named Hilary Burke has been severely injured in a motorcycle accident while riding with her boyfriend, Brad, the leader of a local neo-Nazi gang. The closest hospital is a Jewish hospital and Hilary is taken there, Nazi armband and everything. In a strange twist of fate, Hilary is transported back through flashbacks to the German occupation of Poland where she becomes a girl named Chana.

Chana is a young girl who, along with her Polish family, is faced with the horrors of being a Jew in wartime Poland .Hilary sees World War II in the perspective of Chana. The story flips back and forth between Chana and Hilary with one major plot in each girl’s life. Before her accident, Hilary helped out with her friends to kidnap her Jewish neighbor, Simon, and they stuffed him in a gym locker at school. There is a large search underway to find him. While Hilary thinks treating the Jews differently is funny, she has to live in the eyes of a Jewish person while she flashes back into Chana’s time. In Chana’s story she goes through the full horror of being Jewish under Nazi rule which includes the complete breaking down of her family, the horrors of the Lodz ghetto, and ultimately the suffering of Auschwitz. Meanwhile, Hilary and her mother don’t have the best bond. Yet Hilary’s mother does all she can to help nurse her back to stable heath, and she sits by her side the whole time while she is at the Jewish hospital. Even when there was a horrible fire at the hospital, Hilary’s mother stays with her.

Throughout this book, Hilary realizes how wrong she was treating Jews. Chana shows her what it was like to be her during hard times. Towards the end of the book Hilary learns to treat Jews in a better way. By Being Chana, Hilary lives as a Jew and sees how it was like to be treated poorly. She witnessed almost all of Chana’s family and friends getting killed, and she saw Word War II in front of her very eyes. In the end Hilary lives throught the hard times both her and Chana went through. She tells her mother where Simon is,

Instant Messaging And Author John Dvorak english essay help

The Internet

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When historians look back at the latter half of the twentieth century, they might well remember it less as the time man walked on the moon and more as the time when the Internet was born. The Advancement Research Projects Agency Network, known as the ARPANET, was developed in the 1960s by the U.S. Department of Defense. This was the worlds first operational informational sharing network, and the predecessor of what we now call the Internet. Although the creation of the Internet was primarily to allow the sharing of resources, its true popularity came in the ability to send and receive mail. This communication process, known as electronic mail or more commonly referred to as e-mail, has now evolved into the most used application on the Internet today.

E-mail has had a great impact on the amount of information sent worldwide. It has become an important method of transmitting information previously relayed via regular mail, telephone, courier, fax, television or radio. An examination of these previous forms of communication provided an easy understanding of why e-mail became such a success. For example, communicating through speech, face-to-face, must be coordinated with others by location and time, therefore only a few could be reached. When utilizing writing or printing, the preparation of documents can cause a delay in time, but this method enabled the sender to reach many more people than face-to-face communication. Telephone, radio and television are able to reach a mass of people globally, but this too, had to be synchronized in time. E-mail has brought about the concept of anything, to anyone, anytime, anywhere.

After such an achievement as e-mail, what could be next? With the advancement of the Internet opening new doors, the launch of an innovative communication method called Instant Messaging began in the mid 1990s. This technology meant that the conversations that were previously being e-mailed and took seconds to send and receive, were now taking place in real time. Instant Messaging software is simply a program placed on a computer that connects to an on-line service, similar to a phone line connecting to the operator. This software permits computers to relay conversations over the Internet, which in turn means two or more people can “talk” or correspond simultaneously. Instant Messaging eliminates any delay issues with direct communication; however e-mail also evolved into another forum through Weblogs.

First introduced in the mid to late 1990s, Weblogs, also referred to as “blogs,” are Internet webpages where entries are made similar to a journal or a diary. These personal views or updates to a particular subject are presented in reverse sequential order. Blogs can cover an array of topics including food, politics or local news, but most function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images and links to other blogs, web pages and other media related to its topic. Most blogs are primarily textual and include photographs, videos or audio. Without any discretion on the choice of topic, the questions becomes why would anyone want to air their personal problems or desires for everyone to see?

According to an article entitled “The Blog Phenomenon,” author John Dvorak points out a few obvious suggestions as to why participants in blogs share their inner thoughts without hesitation. He first mentions “Ego Gratification” and explains it as a need to be the center of attention. The second possibility Dvorak cites is “Antidepersonalization.” Simply put, this is what makes a person stand out in a crowd, their uniqueness. Dvorak states another consideration is “Elimination of Frustration,” which he explains as a place to relieve the day-to-day stress and share complaints with the world. Although Dvorak does not put much emphasis on the concept that people just want to share, he defines “Societal Need to Share” as another reason people blog. Finally, the last classification

Ibong Adarna And Don Fernando my essay help uk

Ibong Adarna – Book/Movie Report – naizza



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Ibong Adarna

Gotoman, Angelica A.                                        BSTM 3-2NNocom, Jean Alecsandra P.Pagobo, Junaizza Gin M.Par, Charlemaine G.Salac, Anna LorraineIbong Adarna        Ibong Adarna is a famous epic from the Philippine literature. The story of this is very familiar to every Filipinos. Ibong Adarna is a mythical story, formed in narrative song and poetry called corrido and considered a big part of the Philippine literature, usually studied as part of the secondary curriculum in the country. The author of this fantastic story still remains unknown and uncertain. Some said that the author was Spanish because it has been written when the Spaniards ruled the Philippines. During those times, Ibong Adarna was known as Corrido at Buhay na Pinagdaanan nang Tatlong Principeng Magcacapatid na Anac nang Haring Fernando at nang Reina Valeriana sa Cahariang Berbania. Other critiques said that it has been written by Jose dela Cruz, a great poet here also known as Huseng Sisiw. This amazing folklore is about love, sacrifice and fantasy. Ibong Adarna literally means Adarna Bird. The story centers about catching the mythical bird that possesses magical powers. The Adarna bird is so beautiful and could change in a lot of stunning forms. It is very much hard to catch. It knows a total of seven songs which could either enchant anyone to sleep, turn into stone or heal a deadly sickness.

The Adarna bird has a fantastically long tail, shiny with metallic colors. It knows a total of seven songs that are believed to lull people to sleep and cure all sicknesses. After each song, the Ibong Adarna changes its feathers of colors and shades. After the last song, it excretes magic, and then finally, sleeps with its eyes wide open. Its droppings can transform any living organism into stone. In the story, Don Fernando, the ruler of the Kingdom of Berbania, fell ill after having a bad dream about Don Juan. In his dream, Don Juan his favorite son, was attacked by two people and then thrown into a well. None of the healers in the kingdom could heal Don Fernando, and his condition worsened. One day, an old doctor arrived in the Berbania and said that the illness of Don Fernando, which was caused by a nightmare, may be cured only by the singing of the bird Adarna (Ibong Adarna). The doctor warned that the bird is really a witch, but it must be captured and brought to Berbania to cure Don Fernando. To catch the bird, the leper advised Don Juan to stay awake to avoid its droppings, which could turn him into a figure of stone, like what happened to his two brothers, Don Pedro and Don Diego, who tried to stay awake in vain. To maintain his vigilance, Don Juan cut his palm with a razor and poured lime juice on his injury. When the bird finished its seven songs, Don Juan climbed the tree and used a gold cord to tie the Ibong Adarnas legs so that it would not escape. Afterwards, he poured water on the stone figures of his brothers under the tree and restored them back to humanity.

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Captain Howell Davis And West Coast Of Africa writing an essay help: writing an essay help

If a Pirate I Must Be

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If a Pirate I Must Be is a story of the many adventures of the early eighteenth century pirate Bartholomew Roberts, also known as Black Bart. Although many perceive pirates as rum drinking, treasure hunting savages, Black Bart was quite the opposite. Black Bart was a simple man who at first was reluctant to become a pirate. This book clearly illustrates why Black Bart is said to be the most successful pirate living during the Golden Age of Piracy. Also this book clearly states how Black Bart did affect the Caribbean and other economies more than one would expect.

Roberts was born in May of 1862 in the Village if Casnewydd Bach, in south Wales. While growing up, Bartholomew always wished to be on the sea. He first got a shot at the sea through joining the Royal British Navy. Roberts and the crew would sail to the West Coast of Africa. There the ship he sailed on, The Princess, would pick up and transport slaves. The Slave Trade was a very difficult task for the crews. “Roberts knew that by the end of his voyage it was more likely he would be dead than one of the slaves. Studies later in the century showed that more than one in five if the slaving crews died during the Course of the three-legged journey between Europe, Africa and the West Indies, compared to one in eight of the slaves – although they, of course, were on board for only one leg of the journey.” (

On June 6, 1719 along the Gold Coast of West Africa, pirates captured the Princess.

Leading the pirates who captured the Princess was captain Howell Davis with his two ships, the Royal Rover and the Royal James. Davis was also a Welshman, and was born only a few miles south of the town where Rogers was born. Thirty-four men of the Princess’ crew including Roberts were forced to join the Davis’ crew. “As Roberts looked around him on the Royal Rover, one of the most striking features of Davis’ crew was that almost a third of the men were black.” (

A few weeks later, Captain Davis and the Royal Rover headed for the island of Princes to capture the governor and hold him for ransom. However Davis did not know that the Portuguese have figured out his true identity. “The next day, when Davis came ashore to escort the governor aboard the Royal Rover for �an entertainment’, the governor prepared an ambush.” (

The first adventure that Roberts had as captain was to avenge the death of Captain Davis. So they went back to the island of Princes where Roberts and his crew sprang onto the island in the darkness of night, killed a large portion of the male population, and stole all items of value that they could carry away. This is another clear illustration of how Roberts affected the economy of Princes. Soon afterwards Roberts captured a Dutch ship, then two days later he captured an English ship called the Experiment. While the ship took on water and provisions on the Gold Coast of West Africa at a city called Anamboe, a vote was taken on whether the next voyage should be to the East Indies or to Brazil. The crew voted to sail to Brazil in early August 1719.

Roberts and his crew crossed the Atlantic and spent about nine weeks off the Brazilian coast, but saw no ships. They were about to leave for the West Indies when they encountered a fleet of 42 Portuguese ships in the Todos os Santos’ Bay, waiting for two men-of-war of 70 guns each to escort them to Lisbon. Roberts took one of the vessels, and ordered her master to point out the richest ship in the fleet. He pointed out a ship called Sagrada Familia with 40 guns and a crew of 150, which Roberts and his men boarded and then captured. The fight proved to be very easily won by the pirates even though the seemed to be heavily outmatched. “’The dispute was hot and warm wherein many of the Portuguese fell, and two

Ice Age And Large Blankets Of Ice best college essay help

Ice Age

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The book I chose to read is Frozen Earth: Explaining the Ice Age by R. V. Fodor, the associate Professor of Geology at North Carolina State University. It presents the recent discoveries and history of the ice age in an easy-understanding and accessible way. He first begins with a little background of ice ages. He then talks about glaciers and how they form and act. Then he talks about the different theories of how this happened. He concludes with speaking of the future and the climate it possesses.

Scientists have discovered that in the past million years, glaciers have covered the Earth’s surface on several different occasions. There have been several “ice ages” in the Earth’s past, and twenty thousand years ago was Earths most recently recorded. Large blankets of ice covered a large majority of land, forcing man and animals southward. Much of North America was under ice. Seven-thousand years ago the glaciers had melted off and that marked the end of it. Because of the glaciers being such ancient history it is hard for scientists to obtain and interpret data. The study of glaciers and the ice age is relatively new. In Switzerland around 1800, rocks attracted geologists in developing the first ideas of the ice ages. They wondered why large smooth boulders, called erratics, were lying out of place in fields and forests. Charles Lyell argued that icebergs had placed them there. Two other scientists stated that the boulders in the valley floors were similar to those found in the glaciers of the Alps. Louis Agassiz, a Swiss scientist, proved that ice could do this. He showed other scientists of places where large moving ice sheets had scratched and carved the surface of valley walls and floors. He was finally able to prove to the scientists that there had been an ice age. All of many doubts that ice sheets could occupy such large areas of land, were silenced after an expedition to Greenland in 1852. Furthermore, in the 1850s scientists proved that there had been more than one period of colder climates followed periods of warmth. It was believed by the twentieth century that up to four ice ages had occurred during the last million years.

Glaciers are large masses of ice. The north and south poles of the globe are covered with snow and ice year-around. These areas with year-around snow are said to be above the snowline. The elevation of a snowline above sea level varies depending on the amount of heat present and the amount of snowfall a certain area receives. Ice glaciers form not only from the freezing of water but also by compaction. The best example of this is; when you balled up some snow when you were a kid and compressed it into a snowball to throw at your friend. Over hundreds of years of built up snow, glaciers form and begin to grow slowly down hill like molasses. These glaciers move from a few inches a day to rarely a couple yards a day. There are glaciers on every continent except Australia. There is actually a glacier the size of the entire United States in Antarctica. In some places it is deep as one mile! An interesting fact about glaciers; there is enough ice in the world to cover all the land in the world and the sheet would be 400 feet deep! They move like rivers through valleys. The top portion of glaciers moves faster than the bottom portion that scrapes and drags on the surface. Scientists discovered the speed of a glacier at the top of Mt. Blanc in Switzerland from the tragic burial of an entire climbing team. Fourty-one years after, there bodies were found ten-thousand feet away at the foot of a glacier. The bodies had moved eight inches a day. Glaciers move relatively slow, but there has been cases of glaciers moving rapidly out of control. The speed depends on the amount of snow being applied to the source of the glacier. Geologists focus on the rocks and moraines at the mouth of the glaciers that have been scoured and carved by the ice. The evidence is highly informal, but the cause of the ice ages has yet to be discovered. However, there has been many educated theories of why the ice ages took place.

The cause of ice ages must explain why the Earth’s climate was relatively colder during periods of the Earth’s history. Scientists first looked at the sun for the answers to the ice age. They also thought that volcanoes could have caused the glaciers. When volcanoes erupt, they produce a large area of dark smoke in the air, blocking out the sun. Could many eruptions cause black layers of smog large enough to block out the sun’s heat triggering the formation of glaciers? It is possible, but modern scientist have found no evidence of that caliber of volcanic eruptions in the Earth’s past. Scientists also looked at the history of sunspots. There was a period in Earth’s history of no sunspots, causing the temperature to drop. It was also believed that the

Success Of Ikea And Companys Product Strategy narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Ikea Invades America Questions

Ikea Invades America Questions

1. What factors account for the success of IKEA?

2. What do you think of the companys product strategy and product range? Do you agree with the matrix approach

described in Figure B of the case?

3. Despite its success, there are many downsides to shopping at IKEA. What are some of these downsides? IKEAs

Vision Statement (in Figure C of the case) describes how the company seeks to build a partnership with its customers.

What do you think of this vision statement?

4. The fact that IKEA hopes to have fifty stores in operation in the Unites States by 2013 is an indication of how

optimistic the company is about the viability of its value proposition in this country. Do you think IKEA is being overly

optimistic in its growth plans? How would you improve IKEAs value proposition to make it even more attractive to

American consumers?

5. To achieve the kind of growth that IKEA is hoping for, should the company change its product strategy? If so, in what

way(s)? What about its product rangeare there limitations to the matrix approach? Should the company expand its

product lineup to include a greater number of styles and price points? In what other ways should the company consider

changing its product lineup?

6. Some industry observers have suggested that IKEA should open

Combat Zone And Tim O’Brien english essay help online: english essay help online

If I Die in a Combat Zone

Essay title: If I Die in a Combat Zone

If I Die in a Combat Zone Essay

Men have always viewed a love or need for a woman as a weakness. This is especially true in the U.S. military, where violence is sexualized and women are viewed as unnecessary. In a way, this is done to make life in the army easier because their are no women in the majority of their time. During an occupation, the local women have to incur the wrath of men trained to see them as something below human. Tim O’Brien exemplifies this in his novel, If I Die in a Combat Zone, where the soldiers in Vietnam mistreat the women used for sexual purposes like strippers and prostitutes, yet treat women in the villages as if they were their mothers. Soldiers at war, far away from the women in their lives, leads soldiers to objectify and de-humanize women.

During the basic training of Marines, they are subjected to a berating of sexist, disgusting language in order to break them of their previous life. This is best revealed in Stanley Kubricks “Full Metal Jacket”. Such references to the sexualization of violence like “God has a hard-on for marines because we kill everything we see!” and “Youre married to this piece. This weapon of iron and wood. And you will be faithful” by the drill seargeant Hartman are part of the way that they get normal, rational human beings to kill. People are no longer people, and women are no longer women, because they are they enemy. Killing Machines like Marines don’t need women, they only need to kill. This institutional conditioning makes these men into machines and the enemy into animals. This is the perfect way to overcome the logic of the antiwar sentiment to make soldiers kill.

In Vietnam, the soldier O’Brien portrays treat the local women very differently then they would women in the U.S.. The prostitutes and strippers who make their living off of the occupying soldiers are treated like objects. The soldiers, instead of jumping at the chance of time with the prostitute, barter to get the lowest price and act as if they don’t need what the prostitutes are offering. The soldiers found them just as suspicious as

Business Process Design And Changing World cbest essay help

The Impact of Information Systems on Business Process Design (or Redesign), Managerial Roles, and the Changing World of Work

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Business Process design and reengineering is a radical shift in an organization’s strategic thinking and approach towards institutionalization of better and efficient systems and processes. Effective business process results in enhanced productivity levels. One of the many benefits of business process is the quantification of strategy so that each step therein can be measured and improved upon.

Today’s commercial and regulatory climate makes the need for a controlled and efficient IT function an essential part of any business.

Organizations of every size rely on the availability, dependability, security and performance of their IT systems and services. In addition outsourced and offshore resource models are increasingly popular to gain cost and service efficiencies. As a result, many IT organizations have turned to Industry best practice frameworks such as ITILЮ and Prince II to provide a baseline model for operating practices and help the business to reengineer his process to reach the efficient way to deliver the best service or products to his loyal customer.

The reengineering profoundly changes all aspects of business and people. Part of the organization is easy to change by reinventing a way to work. However, the other part, people, is very difficult to change. In particular, it requires not only jobs and skills change but also peoples styles – the ways in which they think and behave – and their attitudes – what they believe is important about their work. These are indispensable factors to determine whether reengineering succeeds or not. Leaders must help people to cope with these changes.

The adoption of information technology (IT) in organizations has been growing at a rapid pace. The use of the technology has evolved from the automation of structured processes to systems that are truly revolutionary in that they introduce change into fundamental business procedures. Indeed, it is believed that “More than being helped by computers, companies will live by them, shaping strategy and structure to fit new information technology” While the importance of the relationship between information technology and organizational change is evidenced by the considerable literature on the subject.

In coming up with such standard methodologies, it will ensure that the business process reengineering efforts will at least meet a certain level of clients expectations and quality of results. Furthermore, using the streamlined business processes as benchmarks against complex enterprise software will ascertain that the decisions made on future software investments are well informed and hence chances of successful implementation of the IT systems are greatly enhanced.

This paper traces the background or history of BPR, challenges and how IT affects the Business Process Design and increase the efficiency of the work flow.


Business Process Design and Re-engineering has been a management concept since the late 1980s. Its popularity was greatly accelerated by an article published by Hammer in the Harvard Business Review. The BPR strategy propounded by Hammer focused on organization and management changes to bring about radical business improvements. Another school of thought championed by researchers such as Davenport and Venkatraman advocated the use of IT as an important business process enabler leading to significant improvements in productivity. However, most of the BPR research works in the early and mid-1990s were strategic in nature, pioneered largely by the business management gurus from Harvard and MIT and focused mainly on radical organizational changes.

Many of these strategic management approaches do not relate the formulation of company strategies to their deployment via the company business processes at the tactical and operational levels.

The advent of BPR software tools in the later half of the 1990s provided a feasible and comprehensive means of modeling and evaluating complete virtual enterprises in terms of their organization, business processes, information and material flows, and the IT systems design and their functionalities. The primary goal of such a complete and detail modeling process is to ensure that IT-systems as enablers are strategically aligned with the business goals and strategies of the enterprise.

The emergence of such BPR tools has transformed BPR from being uniquely a management approach to include reengineering of current tactical and operational company practices and the formulation of performance measures that can be easily tracked upon implementation of enterprise IT systems.

Recently, emerging key technologies like Internet and Web-centric technologies have radically transformed the way in which businesses are carried out. Many start-up companies have been hurriedly set up, and many failures have been reported.

With a structured and proven approach, both for business process reengineering and for enterprise software selection, the likelihood of successfully implementing highly-complex enterprise-wide software systems is greatly enhanced.

The New World of Business

From the end World War II to nowadays, the market structure has changed tremendously. With trade barrier falling, competition intensifies by oversee competitors. The market is driven by customers because of excess suppliers.

Customers take charge and demand products and services that are designed for their unique need. As the needs and tastes of the customers change constantly, the nature of change has also changed; it has become both pervasive and persistent. Under the of notion of the division of labor principle that divides process into small and clearly defined tasks, classical business structures are no longer suitable in a world where competition, customers and change demand flexibility and quick response. A good example to show this is order-fulfillment. It starts when a customer places an order and ends when the goods are delivered.

The process typically involves a dozen or so steps that are performed by different people in different departments. Clearly, there are no customer service and no flexibility to respond to special requests. No-one is responsible for the whole process and can tell a customer when the order will arrive. Furthermore, the order passing across different departments makes the process error-prone and also delays progress at every hand-off. There are still many further problems. In particular, people working in different departments look inward and upward toward their boss and department, rather than outward toward

Case Of African-Americans And Recoloring Of Campus Life free college essay help: free college essay help

If I Am Not Inferior, Why the Need Not to Say So

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If I Am Not Inferior, Why the Need Not to Say So?

For years there has been a separation amongst the races in which some whites felt superior to minorities. Growing up one has always taught from the jump, just what racial profiling is and who it is mostly categorized with. Being a child, one could never imagine how soon reality would set in. In the case of African-Americans during the Civil Rights Era, the most common opinion of them was that they were less than human. “The Recoloring of Campus Life,” by Shelby Steele analyzes these theories and gives real life experiences of what he had endured growing up and what this generation of college students is dealing with. For some, leaving home for the first time is a battle in itself, but for African American and Caucasian students, the joint feelings of anxiety and guilt play a major role in the emotional and mental states of the students.

African Americans still have to live with the assumption that upon looking at their skin color, they are inferior. The most common stereotypes of African Americans is that they are lazy, ignorant, stupid, loud, always late (CP time), and sexually promiscuous. Some students of the Caucasian race even had the audacity to outwardly harass African American students on college campuses around the country. For example, Steele states that “at Yale last year, a swastika and the words “white power” were painted on the university’s Afro-American cultural center and at Madison members of a major fraternity on campus held a mock slave auction in which pledges painted their faces black and wore Afro wigs” to name a few. Pg. 173-1 Steele also states that he feels as though “these incidents seemed to be prankish and adolescent, though not necessarily harmless. There is meanness in them, but not much menace; no one is proposing reinstating Jim Crow on college campuses.” Pg. 174-3 Being a college student one could never understand the need for another person to pull amateur stunts on them and then turn around and they seem harmless. There is no need for anyone, no matter the race to intentionally belittle someone of the opposite genetic stock. Campus racism was what one would call a factual movie. Any grotesque act done or verbal action made caused a scene. Little did people know that what they were doing was hurting not only themselves, but the people around them as well. In those days it was apparent that “whites” didn’t care whose feelings they may have shattered and whose dreams they may have crushed. They took the approach that whatever they believed was justifiable and right in their eyes, therefore there was no need to compromise and see it any other way. A majority of Caucasians in that time period saw black people as the “limited commodity” and inferior to them.

Is there a difference between the lives of college students during the Civil Right’s movement and today’s generation? Steele states

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The Impacts of Videoconferencing in Organizations

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Richard Coles

Bryan Seow

Chiew-Yen Ong


This report analyses the various influences of videoconferencing, both positive and negative, and evaluates its usefulness in organisations. One of the major points of discussion is how face-to-face meetings, whether virtual or physical, have been affected by the embracing of this new technology by various organisations and groups. Due to the radical nature in which traditional meetings and appointments have been challenged by videoconferencing, many issues have arisen regarding its application, like whether video-conferencing actually improves communication? Another important discussion involves the cost-saving benefits to organisations, primarily through reducing travel, and how this affects organisations strategically as well as other industries (i.e. hotels, airlines). Since many organisations now compete and communicate internationally, this potential elimination of travel for businessmen and women has far-reaching consequences. This essay seeks to explore these and other issues using three major themes: ICTs have unexpected and paradoxical effects, costs and benefits of ICTs are unevenly distributed throughout organizations and society, and ICTs and socio-technical context are co-produced.


Videoconferencing is an emerging technology which enables people from any location, with the appropriate set of equipment, to communicate with each other in a virtual face-to-face manner. The impact of videoconferencing on organizations has been extensive, with the effects of this technology growing as it becomes more user-friendly and the cost of equipment decreases. As a promising technological advance, videoconferencing has already had recent impacts upon some organisations. From a positive perspective videoconferencing has permitted things like decreases in costs, greater flexibility, and heightened strategic opportunities. Nevertheless, caution must still be applied to videoconferencing, like any new device, with concern now emerging regarding the negative consequences of such technology. These extend too many areas for example interaction, psychological outcomes, and team dynamics.


A primary impact of videoconferencing is that it allows more people to conduct work from home. This has many implications such as reducing the levels of travel needed by employees and increasing the time they can spend with their family, etc. This aspect is particularly exciting in relation to disabled citizens, enabling them to do much of their work in the home office environment. It is important to note however, that this benefit is unevenly distributed throughout society. This is because people who require more sophisticated equipment or environments (assembly lines, construction areas, etc), have to be at their place of work and cannot operate from home.

Videoconferencing provides a cost-effective means of bringing a firms managers and employers together with customers. Estimates are that the average cost of a videoconference is about 10 percent that of a physical meeting. This is supported by research in the Business Research International showing that videoconferencing can provide businesses with a 90% saving, versus the cost of travelling to the meeting in person. This is another example of an uneven distribution in society, due to the fact that such systems will be of greater benefit to larger companies, who have clients in a wider variety of locations.

In the hotel industry, videoconferencing has given hotels the opportunity to diversify business by investing in and providing videoconferencing facilities. This is because some users are also likely to use a combination of in-house and off-site facilities, to meet peak demand and to deal with simultaneous bookings of meetings. Bjorn Hanson, National hospitality chairman at Coopers and Lybrand, states that “hotels can play a large role in this continuing evolution of communications technology – if they enter the market now.” He also adds that hotels are in a good position to provide videoconferencing facilities because they already offer complementary services. This presents an unexpected and paradoxical effect in that hotels can take advantage of this threatening technology, to maintain or increase business profits in the face of reduced travel volumes.

Another positive consequence of videoconferencing has been the marked ability it provides to interact face-to-face with clients, providing an extremely rich communication experience without the need to travel. This has allowed firms to greatly increase their presence by maintaining fast, convenient meetings with their clients. Face-to-face meetings are even more important depending upon emphasis of culture. This is supported by Leo Cortjens, vice president and general manager of Asia-Pacific operations for Polycom, who mentions “video becomes more valuable when the interaction involves a critical social component like trust.” In countries like as China, trust and respect are highly valued characteristics. Videoconferencing allows these characteristics to be communicated through eye contact and body language. “You can actually look people in the eye, which is very important in this part of the world” said Cortjens. This again produces an uneven distribution, primarily benefiting organisations and countries that place greater importance in face-to-face contact. This benefit is contentious however, with many arguing video-conferencing actually degrades face-to-face contact.

Videoconferencing also enables companies to have greater flexibility in their operations. Meetings can potentially be organised and held instantly no matter where the involved parties are. This permits greater communication throughout the company and heightened productivity. Currently however, such communication advantages only really exist for top management, who are the individuals with regular access to videoconferencing systems. This may change in the future as desktop videoconferencing begins to become the norm.

Another positive outcome of videoconferencing was its ability to heavily assist the Asia Pacific region during the SARS outbreak. In fact, the company Premiere Conferencing, audio and videoconferencing specialists,

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Causes Of French

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The French Revolution took place in France in 1789. There wasnt just one main cause but many causes. The king at the time, Louis XVI, was too young and too inexperienced to be a good king for France. He was the first spark to start the French Revolution. The peasants also had an impact on the Revolution. The lack of food and attention from the government were upsetting them. They were so angry so the enlightenment ideas sounded like promising ideas. The lack of food, lack attention from the government, and too many ideas are what began and ended the French Revolution.

King Louis XVI led a glamorous and expensive life. Him and his wife, Austrian princess, Marie Antoinette, spent lots of the governments money on luxuries even though the government had some financial problems. In the Seven Years War against England, France spent large sums of money on the war effort but they still lost the war and had to give up their colonies in North America. This was King Louiss first of many mistakes. He also made peasants pay a ridiculous tax, which made them very poor and hungry.

The Enlightenment is a period when new ideas spread throughout the country, which often were against the government. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. Since most of these ideas went against the government many people began to be against the government. Revolutionary thinkers such as Voltaire, and Rousseau, came up with new theories. They presented an idea of a liberal society, which appealed especially to the business population of the third estate. They also challenged the absolute right to rule and presented ideas

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The Importance of Data Accuracy

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The Importance of Data Accuracy

The accuracy of data input is extremely important. There are several types of data input. They all provide different aspects of data accuracy. There is Copy and paste method, Typing of data input manually, Verbal through

voice recognition & Verbal to a stenographer, importing from other resources. Handwritten & Scan tron scanners, network sharing, Bar Coding, Bar Scanners, Punch out Tads such as the one used in the presidential election in Florida.

I in the following Senerios the accuracy of data is described

In the Printed Questionnaires inputting data using handwritten answers that later are put through

a scan tron machine is extremely accurate. By having the original and then having an electronic devise read according to where a mark is physically placed on a sheet of paper or scorecard is quick and accurate.

In a Telephone survey, Handwritten score sheets, using a pre-determined questions in a predetermined order is accurate by repetition. Anything out of the ordinary will stand out and be easily picked up and dealt with.

Bank Checks can easily be procesed by running the check through

a scanning devise that reads reading the bottom of the checks for account routing information. While the actual Dollar a real life person inputs amount of the check with a ten key keypad for entering in numbers in a designated area of the check for accuracy of currency. This method is extremely fast and accurate for banks so that they can process thousands of checks in a timely manner.

Retail tags are marked with a bar code. Usually an Item in a retail store of thousand of items needs to identify each item respectively. So by using a bar code that put a predetermined set of #s into a code format. Any scanner in the store can simply scan the code for each identifying # instead of remembering or writing down 6 and 8 digit #s to identify. This intern eliminates the dyslexia and mixing #s up.

Long Documents, are best inputted with a scanner or copy and paste for accuracy. This will ensure no typing or grammatical errors. Monkey see monkey do. No emotions or thoughts.

Along with Accuracy of data there also Convience and Quality of output. For

Hand Held Devises a small LCD screen can easily and effectively provide a convient output. Just like having a Computer Monitor but smaller and lighter.

Color photographs are definitely in the quality category. High-resolution pictures on paper can easily be carried to provide a convient visual aid.

Rйsumйs are in need of extremely high quality paper. How your resume looks and feels is as important as what it says. Your resume is a reflection of you. So high quality paper is important.

Memorandums are a convenient way of using electronic form to get your point across to a large group of media.

Statistical report needs to be put in a book like format. On high quality paper. Presentation is everything.

Company annual report would be convients if it were on a legal or ledger size medium so it may be easily read and understood. Looks are not as important as content.

A primary storage device is a Devise that is usually accessed much more often than any other device. Example Ram and a Hard Drive. A Secondary storage devise would be a Floppy, Cd Rom, DVD Rom or a backup Hard Drive.

Different types of Storage devices for Different situations.

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Ilheus and Its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon

Ilheus and Its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon

Ilheus and its Progression: Gabriela, Clove, and CinnamonGabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon, by the author Jorge Amado, dates back to an early 20th century Brazil, in the city of Ilheus. Here, we are presented with two main characters, Mundinho Falcao and Nacib. Mundinho Falcao is a young man from Rio de Janeiro, who moved to Ilheus and enriched through exporting of materials. He had as a goal to accelerate the development of the city, ameliorate the ports and overthrow Bastos, the current ruler back then. Nacib was a Syrian man, owner of a local bar, who later in the story, falls in love with Gabriela, whom he first hired to help him as a cook. Starting with the colonization of the Portuguese, we see that Brazil undergoes several economic cycles throughout the passing years. With time, new products come to emergence and, with it, the exercise of trade of raw materials takes place, having it as one of the main supporters of the economy at the time. Therefore, there would eventually be a decline on both demand and prices, which consequently lead to crises in the economy. Long after the trades of captaincies, slavery, and sugar cane, Brazil became also a huge exporter of coffee and cacao, two products that turn out to possess great value to the country, and having its production and growth take place in the previously mentioned city of Ilheus. So, with the appearance of new “natural resources”, the cycle would restart all over again.During that century where the story is portrayed, we could see other cities in the country that were stagnant, had no industries or companies to be developed, thus causing no income of revenue and, consequently, leading to a lack of progress. Colonel Ribeirinho, mentioned in the plot, states that Ilheus “was a good place to wait to die in” (Jorge Amado, pg. 16), also mentioning the lack of pavement, ports for incoming ships, and businesses. The city was taking the same path as many others in the country, who were lead to bankruptcy. With the cacao boom, Ilheus benefited enormously. As the demand began to increase, immigrants from all over started moving into the city to partake in this new “business opportunity” that was arising and reviving another economic cycle for the country. Almost a barbaric region, the city of Ilheus was set to a revolutionary change that would bring about development ever before reached. Ilheans engaged in this production and could see, before their eyes, the economic growth that was taking place. And, as a result, with the income produced, government expenditure went towards reformations of the city, improvements that were long desired and necessary, such as roads, infrastructure, etc. Also, the private sector of the city was remodeled, with the reestablishment of old businesses and their upgrade, new and more modern houses, luxuries that can be bought with money.

This came about to give the people of Ilheus a sense of progress, of evolution, of development. The city once known for its dullness was now taking a different path in its history. All of this brought the need for a new headquarters of the Commercial Association. Even though already existing before such prosperity, the “cacao era” ended up having this renovation done, having it become a more “progressive, dynamic, influential factor” (Jorge Amado, pg. 212) in regards of what was taking place in the town. The increasing number of industries and services required a more appropriate administration in regards to the same. Another emphasis on progress that is depicted right in the beginning of the story is regarding Nacib’s situation: his cook had left him to live with her son in Rio de Janeiro, one day before he had an important dinner for a group of people. With that, he started eagerly looking for other people that would provide such a service and take her spot, but was having much trouble finding what he needed. He asks a friend, Joao Fulgencio, a bookstore owner, for help, and the same replies by saying that as demand increases, labor becomes scarce and wages go up. We take from his response that, if the demand is increasing, it means more opportunities are being developed, more work is being produced, restating the idea that advances were being made. Consequently, together with the economic panorama in a constant change, so was the social aspect going the same way. A sense of prosperity, of success, of growth came upon the town, bringing immeasurable satisfaction. Dr. Ezequiel Prado mentions that Ilheans had a strong sense of identity with Ilheus, which was one of the main reasons that allowed for progress to take place. To reinforce his view, he would say that the rich men from the town, who gained from those lands, should have part of their earnings invested back into the city, thus creating this social notion of what was necessary for the continuation of such advancement.

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The Impact of the Internet on Globalization

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The Impact of the Internet on Globalization

Globalization, a growing phenomenon that can be described as a “shift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy” (Hill 7), has been the subject of many books and discussions for the past decade. Along with the development of microprocessors, the Internet is perhaps the most significant technological innovation of our time, playing a substantial role in the growth of globalization. The Internet facilitated the expansion of the movement toward a global village through the creation of cheaper, faster and easier means of communication, the provision of a vast pool of information, and the expansion of e-commerce.

The Internet provides a cheaper, faster and easier method of communication, an alternative that has created a “global audience”, as mentioned by Renato Ruggiero, director general of the World Trade Organization. In assessing the cost of long distance phone calls versus that of online voice chat sessions, the Internet is much more affordable and also superior in quality. Many web users now possess web cameras, microphones, and all the software necessary to support this hardware. This allows users to speak, see, and be seen by the person they are having a conversation with. People from Asia can carry conversations with Europeans, Americans or Africans at the same time, at no extra cost on Msn Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, or MIRC. Communication is also faster online. An e-mail is sent and received by the other party in seconds, as opposed to regular mail, which may take months to reach its destination when sent over the ocean. Thus, people all over the world can stay in touch on a regular basis, communicate online everyday and even share files. When factoring in the ease of use of the Internet, it is easy to see why so many individuals prefer communicating this way. All that is required is typing, a skill easily mastered through repeated use of the keyboard. Also, the Internet provides an entertaining interaction with another person, as plenty of visual effects and emoticons accompany the software. The affordability, speed, and convenience of the Internet are the factors that account for the creation of this “global audience”. People all over the world are connected to the same network at the same time with access to the same pool of information.

This enormous amount of information being accessed by everyone connected to the Internet is in itself a powerful tool in the development of globalization.

Anyone can create a website and write whatever piece of information they desire. Books, magazines, newspapers, and editorials are shared globally. Video clips, PowerPoint presentations and various materials can be viewed online and used for different purposes. This creates a form of optimistic multiculturalism, where anyone with access to the Internet can communicate local, ethnic, religious, and national beliefs to a worldwide and international audience. Thus, a general homogenization or “internationalization” of cultures arises, favoring Western developed nations, their languages and values, yet accompanied by an awareness of a resulting dilution or disappearance of local and minority cultures. This worldwide diffusion of dominant Western and American cultures who are globalized through ownership of production and infrastructure gives “globalization” a negative connotation often termed hegemony, cultural imperialism, or Americanization by members of underdeveloped countries and by individuals who feel that their country and belief systems are threatened by English-speaking nations. The paradox of global localization is also created when local identity politics becomes a global issue through the Internet. Thus, more and more “local identity groups [are] using the technologies of globalization to promote [their] political interests”. An example is the Taliban in Afghanistan with a website,, containing alleged terrorist information. Thus, as Benjamin Barber mentioned, “the world is becoming more and more divided into two cultural, political, and economic camps: homogenized transnational consumerist capitalism now extended to global information, communication, and entertainment and fragmented tribal identity wars by groups rejecting transnational and international influences (Barber)” (4). This consumerist capitalism is in part driven by e-commerce.

E-commerce, a large part of the globalization phenomenon, now constitutes a common business practice. The Web allows business, both small and large, to expand their global presence at a lower cost than ever before. Business can sell their goods and services online cheaper as the tertiary step in production is eliminated. Thus, companies obtain a greater worldwide exposure by setting up a company website with the array of products offered, prices, and means of purchase. The Internet allows companies to gain access to large international markets, build a wide customer base, and generate more revenue. Financial transactions that take place over the Internet requiring credit card information and other sensitive data require an effective implementation of security measures. To prevent loss and interception of data by a third party, encryption of sensitive information, a

Martin Johnson Heade And Paintings Of Landscapes custom essay help: custom essay help

Cattleya Orchid And Three Brazilian Hummingbirds

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This work of art is titled “Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds”. It was created by a man named Martin Johnson Heade in the year 1871. Heade was born and raised in a small town called Lumberville, Pennsylvania. Martin was originally tutored by a man named Edward Hicks and also his cousin Thomas Hicks. In 1863 Heade took a journey to Brazil where he planned on painting a series of South American hummingbirds and having them published in Britain. This idea did not go as he had planned, but he still continued to use birds and flowers as his main subjects in his artwork. His paintings of landscapes never really caught on until later on in his life when the Hudson River School paintings were being rediscovered and then his work became more appreciated.

The four principles of organization are very prevalent in this painting. When looking for the unity in this piece it is found in the family of hummingbirds. They are all spread apart, but their bodies seem to almost make a circle that shows they all belong to one another. There is much variety in this painting as well, from the colors to the actual images in the work. As for balance it is mostly seen in the background where the trees and plants are evenly distributed on both sides of the painting. There is a sort of balance between the flower and the birds with the nest. The focus of this painting would be the orchid. It is not the brightest of colors, but given its proportion compared to everything else it really stands out.

The elements of visual art are also seen throughout the painting. Although they are just birds you can see the direction they are flying in and which direction they are looking toward one another through their implied lines. The color is very somber throughout the painting even the orchid is of a pail pink. Gives it a sense of peace and beauty. As for the position of the flower it is slightly horizontal, but also slightly vertical which gives it a sense of

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The Influence of Technology

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The Influence of Technology

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The Influence of Technology

What can technology do for an individual or how can technology facilitate life for someone. As seen in todays real world, technology has come a long way. Technology has advanced in such a way that even people who are current with technology feel at times that they are outdated. From telephones that are portable to being able to send an actual machine rover to another planet such as Mars, we have seen an explosion of technology. Mainly all these benefits are technological advances which benefit our way of living. I can recall growing up and having to call my parents to ask for permission to go to a friends house. I had to first find a public telephone and make sure I had enough coins to place the call. Now days to communicate we no longer have to pull over from the road and look for a public phone because the innovative cellular phone facilitates our life. Another example of how technology has advanced to our benefit is when going to the movies. Before it used to be that one had to go to the movies and once you arrive, you would examine what movies were showing and then watch a movie. A movie that was there (hoping the one you wanted to see was there and at a good time). Today we no longer have to drive to the local theater to see if they are showing the movie that we want to see. This is because of technology, because all we have o do is to log on to the internet and look up that information. In fact we are not even limited to the local theater but through the internet we can see what any theater in the world is playing. How nice is that? to be able to do this and only because of technology. So we can see how technology facilitates life for many. Not to mention the medical advances thorough technology and so forth. On the other hand technology can also produce a negative for our life. This is what this essay will focus on, the negative attributes of technology. This essay will emphasize on how today technology is used to cheat in an academic environment.

Phenomenons that we see take place in the academic setting now a day is academic dishonesty. Sure someone can go online and research a certain topic, sure they can learn a lot simply from logging in and reading. But we also see that with as much ease they can go online and request an essay which is already done. They can go to a website full of information and simply cut and paste.

Chris doesnt consider himself a cheater. Yet for the past four years, the 21-year-old senior at one of Californias most prestigious universities (which he doesnt want identified) has used an arsenal of tricks to pass his classes. Hes plagiarized, taken illegal prescription drugs to improve his focus, obtained exam questions in advance and text-messaged his friends via cell phone to find quick answers to tough questions. Still, he doesnt see any of that as out of the ordinary. “Sure, Ive used test banks, study drugs, text buddies, cyber-essays and picture messaging,” he says. “But so does everyone.” (Vencat 2006)

The problem about this trend is that it is becoming more and more acceptable within the academic setting by students. As stated by this essay, students are taking to their minds that it is normal to cheat. Since the internet opens up endless possibilities, it is best to take advantage of the opportunities. In fact some see this as a way of doing thing, why study? Why research? Why do any of this when you can simply obtain a quality paper which will get your high grade from the internet. Or why worry about having the correct answer if you can simply text message the question to a friend who will then look for the answer and send that answer back to you. It is sad to say but this is becoming more and more popular in these times. As an article states,

“Student academic misconduct, such as cheating and plagiarism, has increased in recent decades” (McCabe, Trevifio, &Butterfield, 2001)

In conclusion there must be more that is done to prevent academic dishonesty. I strongly believe that in order to prevent academic dishonesty we will need to begin from the bottom. What I mean by that is that we have to teach people not to do it instead of coming up with ways to stop

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The Influence of Real-Time Technology on E-Voting Technology

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Thomas Levine


Many cyberneticists would agree that, had it not been for web browsers, the deployment of link-level acknowledgements might never have occurred. Given the current status of homogeneous models, theorists famously desire the evaluation of online algorithms, which embodies the confirmed principles of separated programming languages. We present a solution for the refinement of Markov models, which we call Drabber.

Table of Contents

1) Introduction

2) Drabber Study

3) Implementation

4) Evaluation

* 4.1) Hardware and Software Configuration

* 4.2) Experimental Results

5) Related Work

6) Conclusion

1 Introduction

The emulation of symmetric encryption is a key quagmire. In fact, few experts would disagree with the key unification of the transistor and erasure coding. Despite the fact that prior solutions to this question are useful, none have taken the flexible approach we propose here. The exploration of local-area networks would minimally degrade “fuzzy” modalities.

Our focus in this work is not on whether forward-error correction and IPv7 [8] are rarely incompatible, but rather on describing an analysis of erasure coding (Drabber). Nevertheless, “fuzzy” communication might not be the panacea that theorists expected. Existing semantic and Bayesian systems use ambimorphic algorithms to develop stochastic theory. Our system runs in W(n2) time. It should be noted that Drabber turns the modular algorithms sledgehammer into a scalpel. Thusly, we see no reason not to use large-scale archetypes to investigate the exploration of robots.

This work presents three advances above existing work. For starters, we construct an analysis of replication (Drabber), validating that Markov models and the partition table can agree to realize this objective. Second, we use interposable methodologies to disprove that I/O automata and IPv4 are largely incompatible. Next, we discover how cache coherence can be applied to the development of the transistor.

The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Primarily, we motivate the need for the partition table. We prove the construction of information retrieval systems. Ultimately, we conclude.

2 Drabber Study

Furthermore, Figure 1 shows our heuristics read-write simulation [10]. Along these same lines, we consider a heuristic consisting of n hierarchical databases. This seems to hold in most cases. Figure 1 shows an architectural layout diagramming the relationship between Drabber and the investigation of the memory bus. We postulate that the essential unification of object-oriented languages and superpages can store relational information without needing to enable the theoretical unification of vacuum tubes and 802.11 mesh networks. The question is, will Drabber satisfy all of these assumptions? No.


Figure 1: The flowchart used by our system.

Reality aside, we would like to refine a methodology for how Drabber might behave in theory. This seems to hold in most cases. Despite the results by Mark Gayson et al., we can verify that the famous decentralized algorithm for the construction of congestion control by Robert Floyd et al. runs in Q( n ) time. Figure 1 plots the relationship between our system and flip-flop gates. This seems to hold in most cases.

3 Implementation

After several days of arduous programming, we finally have a working implementation of our heuristic. Since Drabber allows metamorphic methodologies, architecting the codebase of 82 Lisp files was relatively straightforward [17]. Furthermore, since our methodology is recursively enumerable, hacking the collection of shell scripts was relatively straightforward. Scholars have complete control over the codebase of 37 x86 assembly files, which of course is necessary so that the Internet and DHCP are largely incompatible. The hand-optimized compiler contains about 7580 lines of SQL. this is instrumental to the success of our work. One will not able to imagine other solutions to the implementation that would have made implementing it much simpler.

4 Evaluation

Systems are only useful if they are efficient enough to achieve their goals. We did not take any shortcuts here. Our overall evaluation method seeks to prove three hypotheses: (1) that scatter/gather I/O has actually shown exaggerated complexity over time; (2) that Internet QoS no longer influences performance; and finally (3) that public-private key pairs no longer influence performance. Our evaluation methodology will show that microkernelizing the API of our distributed system is crucial to our results.

4.1 Hardware and Software Configuration


Figure 2: The median interrupt rate of our system, compared with the other frameworks.

Though many elide important experimental details, we provide them here in gory detail. We executed a deployment on CERNs network to quantify the opportunistically collaborative nature of random information. We struggled to amass the necessary 8MB of flash-memory. For starters, we halved the effective USB key speed of our system to understand our knowledge-based overlay network. We doubled the flash-memory throughput of our desktop machines to examine the optical drive speed of our 10-node overlay network [20]. Similarly, we quadrupled the effective NV-RAM speed of our desktop machines to disprove the collectively ubiquitous behavior of fuzzy symmetries. Had we prototyped our 2-node cluster, as opposed to simulating it in courseware, we would have seen degraded results. Finally, we removed more 2GHz Pentium IVs from our system.


Figure 3: The mean distance of Drabber, as a function of energy.

Drabber runs on hardened standard software. Our experiments soon proved that automating our dot-matrix printers was more effective than refactoring them, as previous work suggested. All software was hand hex-editted using a standard toolchain with the

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Improving Physical Fitness Among Students

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In school, I played basketball, softball and volleyball. I spent my summers at the pool and riding my bike all over the place. I grew up on a farm and there was not any shortage of physical activity. I enjoyed doing these things and it made me feel good about myself. I was a very active person throughout my school years, I do not remember enjoying staying inside, watching television was a rainy day activity; it was not normal and got boring. Fast-forward, compared to the average school student of today, and things are much different.

Today’s students are more sedentary than ever before. It seems with every new game system or social website developed we see a decrease in the activity level of students and an increase in obesity in our youngest citizens. We are constantly hearing of children on prescribed medications to control “old people” ailments such as high blood pressure and type two diabetes. “Children’s obesity is not just rising in numbers but also in the weight gained per child. Children aged 6-11 are as much are 15% heavy as the same age group in 2001” (Walker). Schools get the blame for some of the staggering health issues children are now facing. Physical education programs are now “specials,” along with art, music and other classes that many school districts have deemed not essential or too expensive for the daily schedule. Daily recess has also been eliminated in many elementary schools all over the United States. As a result, children spend most of their school days sitting. The shortage of physical activity, combined with poor diets, is a leading cause in the increase of childhood obesity.

Children who are not active tend to be less social than those who are involved with sports or some sort of group activity. Children who play sports are healthier than their sedentary peers are. Being physical is important in childhood because it helps children’s self-esteem and body image. “Thus, using Physical Education can help in social skills, problems

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