Ethics in Advertising Currently, The United States is probably already in recession. I plan to major in business. In this paper I want to point out the ethics of advertising. The advrtising industry plays a prominent role in the United States. Advertising has an important effect on a country’s economy, society, and culture. There are many arguments about why advertisements are beneficial for our society; however, there are numerous examples of advertising having serious repercussions on culture. Advertising promotes a materialistic lifestyle by leading people to believe that happiness is achieved by the acquisition of material goods.
Advertising creates a consumer culture in which the foundation of society’s values and goals is based upon purchasing new products regardless of their need or usefulness. In this way advertising has adverse effects on the overall society. Excessive commercialism is creating a materialistic population where undue value is attributed to consumer products at an increasing rate. Richard and Joyce Wolkomir say, “Today’s average American consumes twice as many goods and services as in 1950” (619). People as a whole want to fit in and material things help them do this.
Gary Ruskin and Juliet Schor concluded that an annual UCLA survey findings show that students would rather succeed financially than develop a meaningful philosophy on life (625). In my grandparents’ generation, a person knew who he was from his ancestry, how much land he had, his religion, his accent, his job, and where he went to school. Now however, people build their identity around driving a luxury car or wearing the latest fashions. There is an apparent increase in materialistic consumerism which is increasingly defining our identity and place in society (Wolkomir 616-617).
Critics point out that consumers are capable of saying no, and that no one can force them to buy anything which they dislike or which they deem to be unneeded. First of all, advertisements are very prolific in today’s culture. Most common advertising techniques can be seen in every major information medium including television, radio, cinema, magazines, newspapers, video games, the internet and billboards (Ruskin and Schor 623). Another marketing technique is called place-based, “which coerces captive viewers to watch video ads” or other mediums of advertising as a prerequisite to completing a certain action (623).
An example of place-based ads are ads before a movie, on ATMs, at the gas pumps, and inside stores which have to be watched before the intended service is provided (623). We are bombarded with pushy advertisements and it makes it hard to say no every time. People can not close their eyes and shut their ears forever. Advertisers may not be holding a gun to a person’s head and literally forcing them to buy a particular product. They are, however, creating a very powerful incentive in the form of persuading customers that they have to have a certain product.
With this illusion, advertisements make it hard to resist buying something that you really do not need. The new Apple iPhone, for example, has witnessed incredible demand due to Apple advertisements prompting people to wait in line for hours all across the country. The iPhone is not a necessity, but the Apple advertisements have promoted the product so effectively that one of my coworkers waited over three hours in line for the possibility of purchasing one. He is convinced that buying the new Apple iPod will bring him satisfaction.
One theory of consumption is that people shop to cheer themselves up. Another reason is to be useful and productive members of society (Rose 627). The proliferation of a materialistic consumer culture is a major cause of depression and low self esteem in today’s society (Ruskin and Schor 625). Advertising is effective because it plays on human’s natural guilt, need for social recognition, and our desire to be “normal. ” For example, numerous TV shows and commercials set unrealistic expectations for young girls in terms of how they should look and behave.
Mariah Carey’s M perfume commercial, for instance, makes women think if they use that perfume they will look sexy, attract men, and become a goddess. Advertisers know how to capitalize on important issues and anxieties, like body image, peer acceptance, coolness, and a need for power. Marketers also use attractive themes like sex or alcohol and drug use, further escalating the “coolness factor” of the product. This correlates with self-esteem issues because it creates unattainable goals which advertisements promise their product will help attain.
Some critics will argue that advertising acts as an educator by generating product awareness among the general public. It is estimated that the advertising industry spends $265 billion each year (Ruskin and Schor 625), which is a substantial amount. It is hard to imagine that advertisers will spend that much money on bringing product awareness to the public. For example, if you hold two quarters up in the air, it is the advertiser’s mission to make you believe that those two quarters are different and that one quarter is even worth more then the other (Wolkomir 615).
In this way it is Apple’s goal to get you to buy their iPhone versus Sprint’s touch phone, despite the fact that both phones have the same qualities. This shows that ultimately the goal of advertising is not product awareness, but increasing the profitability of the product in question by boosting demand. Critics will continue to argue that advertising is good for society on an economic level. It is the main funding for the media, including newspapers, television and radio. Not only does advertising create thousands of jobs, it also creates revenue.
For example, Wolkomir says that “Christmas was low key until the mid 1800s, when stores reinvented the holiday to sell off their surpluses” (617). On Christmas Eve of 1867, Macys placed ads of all of their special discounts and kept their store open until midnight setting a one-day sales record (617). Even today’s Santa Claus originated in the 1930’s because Coca-Cola’s sales were low during the winter months (617). Ads started appearing with Santa drinking a coke and increased Coca-Cola’s revenue substantially (617). Furthermore, Kodak ads universalized the tradition of blowing out the birthday candles (617).
They increased sales with the ‘capture the moment with a Kodak camera’ campaign (617). Therefore, without advertising, people would lose jobs and companies would lose money. Also, according to Wolkomir advertising helps boost credit sales (618). Today, using credit is the American way of life. For instance, going back to examples of Christmas sales, today Christmas is all about giving gifts. The day after Thanksgiving is the biggest shopping holiday of the year and due to heavy advertising, stores set the highest credit sale records on that day (617).
Advertising persuades people into believing that they have to have something even though they can not afford it, leading Americans to have more debt now than ever before (618). Therefore, from an economic perspective, advertising is good for business but not for the consumer. Another major impact of advertising is the proliferation of market-related diseases. In Ruskin and Schor’s article, “Every Nook and Cranny: The Dangerous Spread of Commercialized Culture,” they discuss the dangers of advertising. Fifteen percent of children aged 6 to 19 are now over weight (624). Furthermore, due to dvertisements, about 2,000 children begin smoking each day (624). That approximates to about 730,000 children each year and one-third of them will die from tobacco-related illness (624). Critics will argue that parents and schools should step in and curb the eating habits of children; however, it is the fast food advertising campaigns that are responsible for these eating habits in the first place. Their advertising establishes brand loyalty early in life so children will grow up eating at McDonalds, or Burger King, or Jack In the Box as this is what they are familiar with.
There are a lot of children who know who Ronald McDonald is but do not know who the first president of the United States was. From a business perspective, fast food outlets have an incentive to encourage people to eat more food by supersizing it for only twenty cents. Fast-food chains have formed marketing alliances with the movie studios, toy manufacturers and sports leagues (624). That makes it an ongoing challenge for teacher and parents to step in and fight against the advertisements for unhealthy and otherwise detrimental products.
Advertising attempts to persuade potential customers to purchase or to consume more of a particular brand of product or service. While advertising can be seen as necessary for economic growth, it is not without social costs. Not only is it responsible for creating a materialistic society, it is also responsible for causing undue stress and major health problems. Advertising diminishes our general well being. Works Cited Rose, Phyllis. “Shopping and Other Spiritual Adventures in America Today. ” In Perspectives on Contemporary Issues: Readings Across the Discipline, 5th ed.
Katherine Anne Ackley. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009. 626. Ruskin, Gary and Juliet Schor. “Every Nook and Cranny: The Dangerous Spread of Commercialized Culture. ” In Perspectives on Contemporary Issues: Readings Across the Discipline, 5th ed. Katherine Anne Ackley. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009. 621. Wolkomir, Richard and Joyce “You are what you Buy. ” In Perspectives on Contemporary Issues: Readings Across the Discipline, 5th ed. Katherine Anne Ackley. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009. 613
How Media Affects Society essay help: essay help
How The Media Affects Society The media is undoubtedly a significant and influential aspect in modern day society. As a means of communication in a world very much advanced in technology, the media touches all types of people through various forms such as the radio, newspapers, televisions etc. The question remains: what information is left unbiased and untarnished? The people within society must sort through the many bits of information fed to them and unfortunately, in most cases, all bits of media is taken as the whole truth.
The ways in which media impacts society to a great extent are through the facts it chooses to reveal, as recently seen in the case of the Tamil war in Sri Lanka. The tone in which it is presented such as the recently reported cases of Tamil protest on the streets of downtown Toronto and finally in the manner it chooses to target certain audiences, such as the case of Victoria George-Pazzano in Mexico. The media affects society through the facts it chooses to reveal. The media can choose to mention certain things and not to mention certain things.
As seen in the recent Tamil war in Sri Lanka all mainstream media outlets were banned from broadcasting out of the country. The media then proceeded not to broadcast any of it, leaving people unaware of it on a global scale, until the Tamils outside of Sri Lanka began to protest and make other countries aware of the situation. The media chose not to reveal this information and if it was not for the protest and marches held around the world it is possible, that society could have never known that genocide was being used against the Tamil Tigers.
Society needs the media to be informed on the events happening around the world, but sometimes the media may not choose to show us what is exactly going on. This can result in society not knowing how to react to what is happening in other parts of the world. Just as important as the facts the media chooses to reveal, the tone and manner in which the media presents these facts plays a large role on society’s take on events. The tone in which the media presents the facts in can be hostile, neutral or in favour.
The tone can affect society’s view on the situation, resulting in either a positive or negative reaction. As seen on May 10th when thousands of Tamils met on Toronto’s Gardiner Expressway, for almost 4 hours shutting down a key artery in the city’s road network. If the media had said, “The Tamil protesters are keeping Torontonians hostage in their own city” vs “The Tamil protesters are bravely doing what needs to be done to save their families”.
This could have resulted in Toronto turning against the Tamil community and possibly resulting in hate crimes, but instead the tone of the media was in favour of the protesters. Which has resulted in a positive reaction from Toronto and the Canadian government. The tone in which the facts are presented by the media, can easily change the point of view of the consumer, and can have either a positive or negative reaction regardless of the truth behind the facts. Lastly, the media uses its voice to target certain audiences for certain reactions. Who can the media target?
In the case of Victoria George-Pazzano, a 29 year old woman who suffered a severe asthma attack while on vacation in Mexico became critically ill. Victoria’s family pleaded to the Canadian government and Ontario hospitals to bring her home,but were continuously told that there were no beds and doctors available to treat in all of Ontario. The family of Victoria then pleaded there case to the media, who in return targeted the government officials and found out that either the hospitals or the officials were lying to Victoria’s family because there were more than 20 beds available at the time.
Because the media targeted the government with the right tone and direction of attention, the heat was put on the government for action because all of the attention was affecting there reputation. Without the media Attention, Victoria George-Pazzano would have died in a hospital bed in Cancun Mexico because the government of Canada pushed her aside. With these three weapons at the media’s disposal, namely the facts it chooses to reveal, the perspective it chooses to take and the people it wishes to target. The media holds a great deal of power and influence over society.
Of course, it may be for a positive effect or a negative one. Would one rather live in fear of all the rapes, assaults, robberies and murders that are reported or live happy, not knowing about every crime that takes place? That is another debate altogether. But, one thing is for certain: the people should not live blindly at the word and mercy of the media or another. There should always be room for doubt, speculation and of course one’s own opinions. Although the media may carry a great influence over society, each person is entitled to think for oneself.
Evaluation of Strategic Hrms in Erp Implementation cheap mba definition essay help: cheap mba definition essay help
This then behooves that an exposure to same source of information but processed differently in human minds will result into different results as witnessed in developed and underdeveloped nations. Professional information based on services of governance is fast growing in the high technology information sector. But the management of services rendered is largely unexplored area of strategic management.
Realization of stable and strong human capital management solution that will meet organizational needs for current and future needs are basic requirement in many public sector organizations. A flexible rewards and recognition program that will keep employees motivated and engaged Comprehensive training opportunities that will enable employees to continue to grow and contribute to your organization an effective program to manage employee absences. When employees are absent or focused on other issues, productivity suffers.
And instead of managing your core business, you spend your time administering absence and leave policies and worrying about how presenteeism is affecting productivity as well as employee morale. Now that Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) has shown itself to be a source of significant business value, many organizations public sector inclusive are looking to extract even more from their existing ERP systems. Shifts in corporate structure and new compliance requirements are driving the need for improved access to information, process clarity and cost savings.
In order to realize greater Return On Investment (ROI) in ERP systems, ERP applications need to be tailored to more effectively support adaptive business processes and help drive growth. Enterprise Resource Planning solutions strategically position Public sector services technology assets to align with and adapt to business processes, reducing total cost of running public sector services and improving responsiveness, quality and ROI.
Public sector is vast and being a consumer of taxes and impact on quality of life, and major consumer of private sector, they serve as major demonstration of technological innovator to the world at large. Historically, the public sector has always been the vanguard of innovator for major new technologies; ERP is no exception in Nigeria, and a driver for enabling research in academia and private sector.
This role will continue and the story of technological revolution will and trajectories will continue Successful technological innovation relies on where innovator has been drawn from on knowledge of users in order to relate the innovation to users’ requirements to satisfy latent demand to provide functionality that is extremely welcome. Many public sector services are being inundated with pressure from private sector, the financial sector operatives, inventory, treasury and investment operatives, supply chain, public sector budgeting, Human resources budgeting , career management and employee life cycle management.
Getting a robust ERP system is a necessity for public sector to position itself for effective performance and challenges in service delivery Furthermore, internal dimensions of use of project champions to see them through inevitable challenges and difficult that may arise in the organization during the process of implementation and adoption of new technology and/or ERP solution. As part of the initiatives in ERP is complementary assets that should be in place during the process of implementation is control which will help enhance value in the technology.
While public sector organization may be seen to have the asset listed above, these may not be the sum of assets and individual skills but more importantly the management structures, information flow and ability to retain staff. At the moment, much public sector governance is focus on improved service deliver. Innovation now focus on efforts to change, while many public services fall within competitive range of stimulus for innovation, some public services are competing feature in both public and private provision along side each other.
The level of competition may vary but the existence create a niche that worth studying ‘Marketization’ is the theme of many government policies to public services. Motivated to sometimes for simple expediency to save cost, to produce and operate cheaper services, to make public service more responsive to customer and introduce more advance management philosophies. Public services do often exit in complex supply chain services, inventories and arrangement with several player most of which are commercial firm.
So public services are liable to vary in terms of how far they are subject to pressure similar to those involved in market selection and in the mainstream of innovation analyses. Therefore this forms a base and provides an excellent ground for studies of public sector ERP solution research. While Public sector may have high level of intermediation. Mostly the stake holder must have a buying in any technological innovation hence it will go no-where. The End Users in most cases do have limited say in the process. Therefore making diffusion and roll-out a difficult and complex process.
This development is another reflection of role of professionals in many areas of service delivery in public sector Public sectors are usually organized in many MDA’s. Empirically, it would often be inappropriate to the establishment as the unit of analysis in ERP survey. Many ERP implementations are roll-out from the centre on a planned established centrally. This research will utilize Structural equation modeling (SEM) statistical technique. This enables testing and estimating causal relationships using a combination of statistical data and qualitative causal assumptions.
Structural Equation Models (SEM) encourages confirmatory rather than exploratory modeling; thus, it is suited to theory testing rather than theory development. It usually starts with a hypothesis, represents it as a model, operationalises the constructs of interest with a measurement instrument, and tests the model. The causal assumptions embedded in the model often have falsifiable implications which can be tested against the data. With an accepted theory or otherwise confirmed model, SEM can also be used inductively by specifying the model and using data to estimate the values of free parameters.
Often the initial hypothesis requires adjustment in light of model evidence. Among its strengths is the ability to model constructs as latent variables (variables which are not measured directly, but are estimated in the model from measured variables which are assumed to ‘tap into’ the latent variables). This allows the modeler to explicitly capture the unreliability of measurement in the model, which in theory allows the structural relations between latent variables to be accurately estimated.
Factor analysis, path analysis and regression all represent special cases of SEM. . CONCLUSION: This research utilize both theoretical and analytical models to evaluate and explain the impact of strategic human resource on Enterprise Resource planning implementation in public sector service delivery. ERP systems have come to signify a never-before opportunity for organisation to gain a clear edge and improve their service delivery. This research presents a novel framework for evaluating human resources management system integration in ERP implementation in public sector.
Leadership in Movie 300 essay help free: essay help free
Identify and explain at least two different incidents involving the same leader(s). if the incident involves two individuals or a group making a decision, leadership behaviour by different individuals can be identified. Incident I Though military activity was forbidden by Spartan law during the Carneia festival, King Leonidas decides to prepare for war with Xerxes before the Persian king and his troops could advance to Sparta. He knew that he would not get the support of the politicians to get the bigger Greek army to follow him.
Therefore he chose 300 Spartans who had sons to carry on their names to be his bodyguards and decides go to war. His vision and strategy was to block the only road through which the massive army of Xerxes could pass. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back their enemies in one of the famous last stands of history. Leonidas was self-confident and had a strong moral conviction in his course and the ability to inspire trust among his followers to achieve his goals. He is seen as both charismatic and transformational as he could convey his vision and form strong emotional bonds with his followers.
Transformational leaders take charismatic leadership one step further in that they can articulate a compelling vision of the future and also motivate and influence followers to transcend self-interest for the benefit of society. Incident II In the final stand-off with the Persians, betrayed by Ephialtes, Leonidas commands his Spartans to fight until death for the sake of their country. Though Leonidas knew that death was certain, true to the Spartan tradition, they decide to stick to their code of honour on what it means to be a Spartan.
Though the Spartans faced insurmountable odds in terms of numbers, a true Spartan warrior is always willing to die for his country. They define themselves by sacrifice and freedom. At the ‘Hot Gates”, as the Persians surrounded the Spartans, Xerxes’s general demands their surrender declaring that Leonidas may keep his title as King of Sparta and become Warlord for all Greece, answerable to only Xerxes. Even all these riches and glory did not tempt Leonidas, unlike Ephialtes who succumbs to Xerxes’ display of women and false sense of belonging and purpose.
Spartans are taught never to surrender and are among the most enigmatic cultures in history. According to the Path-Goal theory of leadership, leadership behaviour can influence the satisfaction and performance of the followers. It emphasizes the relationship between the leader’s style and both the characteristics of the follower and the situation. The theory proposes that a leader’s behaviour is motivating or satisfying to the follower, if the behaviour increases the attractiveness of the goals, while simulateously follower confidence in achieving them.
The leader is therefore, very active in guiding, motivating and rewarding followers in their work. In short, the leader steers the follower down a path to their goals by selecting behaviours that are best suited to individual follower’s needs and the situation. In doing so the leader also navigates the follower around obstacles that lie on the path towards goal achievement. Diagram p. 76 The four behaviours generally included in this model are supportive, directive, participative and achievement-oriented.
The path-goal theory stipulates that a leader may exhibit any or all of these types of leadership and that the best type of leadership for a given situation will be dependent on the individual follower and the specific situation. In King Leonidas, one could see a supportive leader, who shows concern for his troop’s well-being and personal needs. This was evident in his grief for the loss of his general’s son and his concern for Delios who sustained an eye injury. Leonidas’ behaviour is also open, friendly, approachable and he creates a team climate where all his people are treated equal.
He also allows fun and humour in the battlefield so as to reduce stress and boost morale of his people. When one of his Spartan soldiers were told by the Persians that they would be faced with a barrage of arrows so dense that they would blot out the sun, he laughed saying that they will be delighted to fight in the shade. This shows that laughter and fun are at the heart of any successful workplace battle. Leonidas also displays directional leadership by telling his people to do exactly what they are supposed to do, giving specific uidance to follow rules and procedures in the battle against Persians and planning and scheduling their attack plans. Leonidas is bold and creates and promotes vision. He courageously challenges and inspires his people to success. He engages in participative leadership by consulting with the troops on ideas, opinions and suggestions, thus encouraging participation in decision making. He tours the battlefield and engages in conversation with them to listen to their ideas and compliment their achievements. Effective leaders interact with employees and consistently look for ways to praise them.
Leonidas is also an achievement-oriented leader who shows confidence in his people and assists them in accomplishing goals. His behaviour emphasizes excellence in performance and he sets clear and challenging goals for his people. As it can be seen in the first incident , when Leonidas decides to go for war with the Persians his efforts were mainly concentrated on planning how he could funnel the Persians into the narrow pass of ‘Hot Gates’. It is evident in his following lines “We will use our superior fighting skills and the terrain of Greece herself to destroy them.
We will march north to the coast… We will block the Persian coastal assault by rebuilding the great Phocian Wall. From there we will funnel them into the mountain pass we call “Hot Gates”. In that narrow corridor, their numbers will count for nothing. Waves and waves of Persian attack will smash against Spartan shields. Xerxes losses will be so great, his men so demoralized, he will have no choice but to abandon his campaign. The path-goal theory opens up the possibility for long-term commitment to goals and for intrinsic motivation by followers.
The theory also emphasizes that the job of the leader is to eliminate roadblocks that may occur enroute to goal achievement while simultaneously developing followers to overcome these obstacles on their own. By manifesting the appropriate behaviours leaders can increase followers’ effort-to-performance expectances. These increased expectations will improve followers’ effort levels and rewards attained, which in turn will increase followers satisfaction and performance levels and the acceptance of their leaders.
Leonidas is the opposite of Xerxes, who sits up in his high tower, who bribes, seduces and kills men to achieve victory. At one point, suring the war when Xerxes says, “How can you ever stand against me when I would gladly kill any one of my men for victory? ” Leonidas replies, “And I would die for any one of mine”. That is the essence of Leonidas. While Leonidas goes down to the battle field to fight along with his men, Xerxes is carried in the golden throne by crouching slaves. He has no values and ethics and his troops are not morally and ethically in alignment.
Xerxes is so incompetent and whips soldiers so they would perform. He has no strength, character and personality compared to Leonidas. Because of the poor skills, motivation and coordination of his team, Xerxes losses were considerable. He himself noted that “he had in his army many men, indeed, but few soldiers”. Leonidas could have decided to accept Xerxes’ offer and retreat from war, thus submitting to Xerxes’ demands. Instead he thinks nothing of the honour he would get from the Persian King, but for the sake of his country and people, even if death is evitable he decides to sacrifice himself for the whole of Greece.
Cinema City Analysis my assignment essay help london: my assignment essay help london
The subsequent years were marked by the development of the company’s business in the Israeli market, including such landmark events as the launch of the first multiplex in Israel in the early 1980s. Today Cinema City is opening in Israel state-of-the-art megaplexes, which will replace the first generation of mulitplex theatres. In the second half of 1990s, Cinema City began to expand internationally. The company’s primary focus was Central and Eastern Europe. In 1997, the company launched its first multiplex in Budapest, Hungary, and in 1999, it entered the Czech and Polish markets.
In 1999 Cinema City signed a strategic agreement with IMAX? and since that time the company has been? the exclusive operator of IMAX? theatres in Poland, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary. In 2000 the Company opened its first multiplex in Poland – Sadyba Best mall in Warsaw.? In 2002 Cinema City achieved a leading position in Poland by acquiring four multiplexes from one of its main competitors at the time. Also in 2002 the company’s New Age Media subsidiary was established to run the growing cinema advertising activity in the Cinema City multiplexes.
In 2003 the company established its film distribution company – Forum Film Poland, to represent Walt Disney as well as other leading US and Polish studios in Poland.? In 2005 the film distribution company – Forum Film Hungary, was established in Hungary.? In 2006, the company opened? New Age Media Hungary. In 2004 the Company launched its activity? in Bulgaria, which culminated in 2006 with the opening of its first multiplex and IMAX? cinema in Sofia. In 2006 Cinema City signed its first lease agreements for the multiplexes in Romania. The first Cinema City multiplex in Romania opened in November 2007.
This was driven primarily by the revaluation of the company’s long-term investment in the Mall of Russe, Bulgaria, to its increased fair market value, as described in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. During the year, we bought out the interests of our former partner, Ocif, in two of our Bulgarian mall development projects. This transaction was driven by Ocif’s failure to satisfy certain commitments to us (including meeting payment deadlines) and our ongoing concerns with Ocif’s ability to meet future obligations.
We currently plan to seek a new joint venture partner to replace Ocif, but this may take some time given current market conditions. Nonetheless, our real estate activities are otherwise progressing well. We currently expect in March to open our second mall in Bulgaria in Plovdiv. We are very excited about this opening, which is currently proceeding as planned even in today’s challenging real estate market. In the course of 2009, we expect to complete opening 13 new multiplexes with about 140 screens.
In January 2009, we opened an 8 screen multiplex in Pardubice, the Czech Republic, and an 8 screen multiplex in Bacau, Romania. Together with the Plovdiv opening scheduled for March that would account for 27 new screens by the end of the first quarter of 2009. 2009 has already begun strongly for the company, supported by a continuing well received supply of international and local movies. With that said, we are of course cognisant of the financial and real estate crisis that has swept the world and that has begun to have a material impact in our territories of operation.
While we are aware that a sustained downturn in the economy could have a materially adverse impact on movie theatre admissions and on our ability to execute our aggressive growth strategy, we will accordingly monitor the external environment diligently. We continue to remain optimistic that our industry will emerge relatively unscathed. Indeed, we have noted that during past economic downturns movie going often increases. Consumers desire to spend their smaller pools of discretionary funds on relatively inexpensive forms of “escapist” entertainment such as the movies.
I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to our Cinema City employees for helping make 2008 such a successful year and for their continued hard work and dedication. With our ambitious plans for continued growth and development, we are committed more than ever to becoming the premier cinema exhibitor in Europe. We know that our ultimate success will continue to largely depend on the ongoing contribution of each one of them. And last but not least, I would like to thank our millions of customers in six countries who continue to share in our never ending love for the movies.
As we say in the movie business? to be continued? Moshe Greidinger, CEO 11 March 2009 III. Goals and aims3 Cinema City’s strategic goal is to become the number 1 cinema operator in Europe. The company will continue to strengthen its position as the largest multiplex operator and film distributor in Central and Eastern Europe and to maintain its position as one of the leading operators in Israel.? The company plans on expanding its operations into other countries of the CEE region as well as it researches expansion into the markets very distant from CEE.
The company’s current investment plan through 2011 call for developing? over 45 new multiplexes with over 470 screens? in all the countries in which it currently operates, with a particular focus on Romania, where in 2007 it opened first 2 multiplexes and so far has signed over 30 lease agreements to develop multiplex operations in most of the country’s major cities. Cinema City growth will be sustained by strong demand for modern entertainment venues. The company’s key strategic objectives include:?
Strengthening its position in its existing markets. Cinema City intends to consolidate its position as the largest multiplex operator in Poland by expanding its activities in Poland while strengthening its position as a leading operator in Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Israel. Expanding into new markets in Central and Eastern Europe. Based on the same operating model as used in Central Europe, Cinema City plans to launch its activities in other countries of the region.
Strategic Management Process academic essay help: academic essay help
Definition: strategic management is the set of managerial decisions and actions that determines the long-run performance of an organization. It involves all the four functions of management. Strategic plans provide a common vision for the whole organization. The strategic management process is a series of steps that formulates the strategic planning, implementation and evaluation. Step 1: The first step is identifying organization’s current mission, objectives and strategies. Every organization needs a mission.
Defining the organization’s mission forces managers to carefully identify the scope of its products and services. It is also important for managers to identify the goals currently in place and the strategies currently being pursued. A company’s goals provide the measurable performance targets that employees strive to reach. Knowing the company’s current goals gives managers a basis for assessing whether those goals need to be changed. For the same reasons, it is important for managers to identify the organization’s current strategies.
Step2: The second step is external analysis. Analyzing the environment is a critical step in strategy process. Managers in every organization need to do external analysis. They need to know, for instance, what the competition is doing, what pending legislation might affect the organization, or what the labor supply is like in locations where it operates. In analyzing the external environment, managers should examine both the specific and general environments to see what trends and changes are occurring.
After analyzing the environment, managers need to assess what they have learned in terms of opportunities that the organization can exploit, and threats that it must counteract. The same environment can present opportunities to one organization and pose threats to another in the same industry because of their different resources and capabilities. For example, southwest Airlines has prospered in a turbulent industry, while others such as American and Delta have struggled. Step3: The third step is internal analysis.
This step forces managers to recognize that every organization, no matter how large or successful, is constrained by the resources and capabilities it has available. An understanding of the organization’s culture is a crucial part of Step 3 that’s often overlooked. Managers should be aware that strong and weak cultures have different effects on strategy and that the content of a culture has a major effect on strategies pursued. The combined external and internal analyses are called he SWOT analysis because it’s an analysis of the organization’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Based on the SWOT analysis, managers can identify a strategic niche that the organization might exploit. Step4: the forth step is formulating Strategies. Once the SWOT analysis is complete, managers need to develop and evaluate strategic alternatives, then select strategies that capitalize on the organization’s strengths and exploit environmental opportunities or that correct the organization’s weaknesses and buffer against threats.
Strategies need to be established for the corporate, business, and functional levels of the organization. This step is complete when managers have developed a set of strategies that give the organization a relative advantage over its rivals. Step5: the fifth step is implementing strategies. To be successful, strategies must be implemented carefully. People with the right skills may be needed to make some of the strategies to work. Re-organizing the existing structure to meet the new business environment may be necessary as well.
Employees and managers at all level must be briefed about the strategy, so that there will be a unified vision in the organization. Step6: the sixth step is evaluating the strategies implemented. The actual performance is measured and compared against set standards. If necessary, corrective action is taken. Anne Mulcahy, chairman and CEO of Xerox Corporation, made strategic adjustments to improve her company’s competitiveness in the information services industry. She did this after assessing the results of previous strategies and determining that changes were needed.
Comapre and Contrast Qualitative and Quantitative english essay help: english essay help
Compare and contrast qualitative and quantitative approaches to research This essay will compare and contrast the 3 articles below in relation to qualitative and quantitative approaches to research focusing on the design and methods used in each study including sampling, data collection and data analysis. The first chosen article by Winkens et al. (2006) uses a qualitative method to look at the manifestations of mental slowness in the stroke population.
Toulotte, Thevenon, Watelain and Fabre (2006) uses a case comparison quantitative study to identify healthy elderly fallers and non-fallers by gait analysis under dual task conditions and the study by Girou, Loyeau, Legrand, Oppein and Brun-Buisson (2002) uses a randomised clinical trail (RCT) to find the efficacy of hand rubbing with alcohol based solutions versus standard hand washing with antiseptic soap. The purpose of research studies is to explore the information within the given environment and consider their viability and effectiveness and whether these can add value for learners to the overall experience (Sarantakos 1993).
The term ‘Research’ can consist of different meanings, research enquires can be defined as; a methodical, formal and precise process employed to gain solutions to problems and to discover and interpret new facts and relationships. (Waltz and Bausell 1981, p. 1). The goals of research are to formulate questions and aim to find the answers to those questions. The immediate goals of research are categorised as exploration, description, prediction, explanation and action, where they provide a strategy for figuring out which questions to ask and which answers to seek (Sarantakos 1993).
Researchers can decide the type of research they want to carryout according to which methods would suit their research. Qualitative research is a systematic method of inquiry which follows a scientific in depth method of problem solving deviating in certain directions (Thomas and Nelson 2001). With qualitative research a hypothesis is often not given at the beginning of research studies and develops as the data unfolds. The researcher is the primary data collector and analyser. Data can be collected via interviews, observations and researcher-designed instruments (Thomas et al. 001). The goal of qualitative research is the development of concepts which helps us to understand social phenomena in natural (rather than experimental) settings, giving due emphasis to the meanings, experiences, and views of all the participants (Pope and Mays 1995). The researcher is able to gain an insight into another person’s views, opinions, feelings and beliefs all within natural settings (Hicks 1999). A quantitative research method was originally developed in the natural sciences to study natural phenomena (Bryman 1988).
This can be visualized as it uses numerical forms of representation which then can be presented in forms of graphs and tables (Denscombe 2003). Quantitative research is associated with many different approaches to data collection; the main fundamental characteristics are as follows; the approach is concerned with obtaining numerical information which can be analysed using statistics, where it does not need to go beyond the use of what is stated as ‘Descriptive’ (Silverman 2000, p 26). The form that evidence should take has led to a lively debate about possible methodological approaches.
Cormack (2000) suggested that the methodology section in research should clearly state the research approach to be used, to ask whether the method is appropriate to the research problem and whether the strengths and weaknesses of the chosen approach are stated. According to Hardey and Mulhall (1994), the methodology section should include an overall description of the research design and details of the proposed methodology. It is important to give a thorough description of how the research took place and to include all the steps taken in order to allow other readers to follow the article.
The article by Winkens et al. (2006) uses a semi-structured interview which is conducted on the basis of a loose structure consisting of open ended questions that define the area to be explored, at least initially, and from which the interviewer or interviewee may diverge in order to pursue an idea in more detail (Britten 1995). The use of semi-structured questionnaires has many advantages and disadvantages. Advantages include the flexibility of the interviewer allowing them to follow up on any unexpected responses and to eek clarification on any answers. It also provides a depth of information as well as a breadth of information. The disadvantages of using semi-structured interviews are the analysis of data obtained is often complicated and time consuming and the data may contain irrelevant information. In this study it was identified that there could have been some bias when using semi-structured interviews as it enabled the interviewers to guide the interviews and therefore the patients answers, in the direction of preexisting hypotheses.
The authors of this study did identify the reason for the use of this method and therefore they justified its use. They suggested that as the study was an explorative in nature it required a broad approach (Winkens et al. 2006). Using this approach can cause inconsistencies between the interviews and therefore can effect the outcome of the interview. Every effort should be made to keep the questioning similar. If a discussion is made in one interview then that topic should be made available to the next interviewee and so forth. The study by Wikens et al. 2005) suggested that they used a standardised procedure to administer the interview, however in the article it is not stated what this standardised procedure was. By not stating the procedure it would be difficult for another research to repeat this study and get similar results making it less reliable. When looking at the main topics in the interview that were used in the study by Wilkens et al. (2005) participants may have interpreted the questions asked in a different way. Interviewers therefore have to ensure that the questions they ask are understood by the participants.
Effective Oral Communications scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
In today’s business world one of the most important skills that need to be mastered is that of effective oral communication. Effective oral communication is about the speaker’s selection of content, their presentation skills and their overall connection with the audience. For oral communication to be successful it has to have great content. This content must encompass an overview of the topic, clarity of an argument, credible sources and a conclusion. Topics of speeches should be clear and easily understood by the audience.
An orator begins by stating the topic of the speech and give supporting points or overview that supports the theme of the talk. This overview should directly tieinto the subject of the speech. An overview will provide the audience with points of reference to segment the speech into understandable portions. An overview also provides the speaker a roadmap to follow during the speech to stay on subject and maintain attention of the audience. An overview should be spaced to the time allotted for the speech and not be too lengthy causing the audience or speaker to drop into theweeds of detail.
Clarity of an argument should begin with the speaker’spoint of view. Supporting facts and points are the basis of why the speaker believes inhis argument. A Baptist preacher would not be as effective in his message of salvation if he didn’t include the reasons to become saved and the process or pathway for that salvation. Or a board member fighting for budget dollars for an initiative for his division. He will need to present an effective argument, site facts and the benefits to the company to be rewarded the funds for the project.
Sourcing facts is critical in oral communication. Today with the abundance of internet plagiarism and the possibility of fabricated facts, a speaker’scredibility is often supported and enhanced by their ability to provide sources for their points. Using recognizable reference(s) is also important during the speech to give the listener pointsto validate and support the speech they have heard. Internet informationmust be researched and sited also. Free information can often be disguised as excerpts from published periodicals orresearch papers. Giving credit where it is do is thical and will provide solid facts to base a speech upon. Conclusions should be a summation of the speech. Oral speakers will need to wrap up their speech by drawing the strings of closure on the topics they have discussed. A military General preparing his men for battle doesn’t end with the words of dying, but concludes with words of success and victory. He ties the valor of action with the satisfaction of completing the mission. Credible conclusions are the summation of the whole speech with recapitulates significant points the speaker would like to leave with the audience.
Memorable oratory has the component of the topic, but arguably it is the speaker and their presentation of the information that stays with the audience. Presentations should have strong mechanics, eye contact and delivery. Oral mechanics beginswith the flow of the speech. Does the presentation follow a logical pattern? Is the oratory concise and the components of the speech fit together like a puzzle congealing to complete a picture? The speakershould proceed through the introduction, the body of the message and then sum up the speech with a conclusion without having to tell the audience of each segment.
The message must bind together with transitions, connecting statements or the bridging ideas from section to section. The conclusion should be strong to leave the audience with the message points. The whole speech should remain in a time frame predetermined to respect the time of the audience and to be able to frame the speech for good execution. A speaker needsto practice eye contact with their audience. Eye contact provides a two way non-verbal communication explaining to the speaker that the message is registering with the audience; a visual pulse of understandingexhibited by the group.
Eye contact gives the speaker credibility with the audience. The old adage of looking someone in the eye to tell if they are telling the truth also works with oral communication. Looking the audience in the eye relays that you know your content and you are sincere in communicating it to the group. Eye contact, stated earlier, will also tell the speaker when a point hits home by the responsive head nods, smiles or verbal agreements. Equally important as choosing a topic is the overall delivery of a speech. Speech inflection, facial expression, pace and good pronunciation are key to a successful experience for the listener.
For effective oral communication, speakers should practice pronouncing eachword clearly and slowly. Majority of people talk too fast for their audience. During the speech, the orator should vary their expression with the use of volume, pitch, tone and speed of their voice to retain interest for the audience. The inflection in ones’ voice also needs to fluctuate to indicate emphasis on points. The ultimate goal of a successful effective oral communication is to connect with the audience. Using prior study on the knowledge and experience level of your audience will help the oral communicator craft a speech that is poignant and meaningful.
To retain elements of a speech, the topic will need to connect with the audience. A speech regarding the technique of gutting and field dressing a deer will not be receptive with an audience of PETA members, but probably would be of great interest to some subscribers of Field and Stream Magazine. Understanding your audience is just as important as understanding your topic. An audience’s knowledge and experience level willalso enhance your speaking engagement. Generally, most people are knowledgeable about current or mainstream topics. Dr.
Dirnberger, Biology professor at Kennesaw State, can effectively communicate the symbiotic relationship of man and the sea to a bunch of Boy Scouts, but if he dives deeper into the ocean and explores the nature of the erosion of barrier reefs to the ecological habitat of starfish then he has lost his Boy Scout audience. A good speaker understands the limitation of their listener’s knowledge base. Experience of the audience is also important. With the same audience, Dr. Dirnberger can teach Boy Scouts about the reaction to nitrogen in the blood stream when diving.
But trying to describe decompression sickness to boys that have never dived in the ocean will not be understood without the experience of diving or going through decompression. Presenters can account for the fleeting nature of oral presentations by making sure that they leave lasting impression on their audience by ensuring their speech hasthe components of great content, the speaker has polished presentation skills and their topic connects with the audience. These elements will ensure the listeners know where they’ve been and where they’re going during an effective oral communication.
Week Law essay help app: essay help app
Learning Objectives See Week 6 objectives listed on http://ecampus. phoenix. edu. Required Reading and Assignments 1. Read Ch. 2, 9, 21, and Appendix K in Business. 2. Read materials posted in course materials. 3. Assignment: Corporate Compliance Plan Access the Riordian virtual organization found on your rEsource page. Create a Corporate Compliance Plan for Riordian. The plan must synthesize your learning throughout the course and apply the legal principles of business management to Riordian.
Focus your plan on managing the legal liability of officers and directors of Riordian. Your plan should address the following: ADR, enterprise liability, product liability, international law, tangible and intellectual property, legal forms of business, and governance. Create your Corporate Compliance Plan as if you were going to distribute this to the officers and directors of Riordian. Outline the prevention and management guidelines of the legal aspects listed above.
Use your individual assignments throughout the course to bring insight into this project. Implement enterprise risk management based on the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) recommendations. COSO can be used to structure your plan. Be sure to incorporate key concepts from your readings where appropriate. Address specific laws or aspects of the law that must be adhered to by Riordian and outline steps for employees to adhere to these laws.
The plan must also address how to handle situations when laws are violated or in question (such as when to call in legal counsel, what rights the employees have, or who to turn to when actions are taken against Riordian). Use APA format to create your Corporate Compliance Plan, and limit the plan to 10 pages. Post your assignment as a Microsoft Word attachment 4. Respond to the discussion questions posed by your faculty
Air Pollution and Plant Deciduous Trees college application essay help online: college application essay help online
Vanrex, Inc is a manufacturer of paints for home, businesses and institutions’. The company also supplies coasting for manufactured product and automotive parts. Vanrex is a diversified company that also manufactures pain cans, aerosol can, brushes, roller and other paint applicator. Vanrex is situated on the outskirt of an urban area that has grown out and around the plant.
Residential neighbor are located closely on all sides and public concern is environmental matters is at a higher level nationally than ever. Previously, the site has been inspected by ODH & E and USEPA which they found the plant in compliance with the regulatory requirement There are complaints concerning the air pollution caused the plant. Obviously, there are two different sources affecting the air in Hayestown: the fugitive dust and stack emissions.
In other to enhance the environmental program Vanrex took some steps in reducing the pollution such as establishing control over all new projects that are part of pollution control effort, continually reviewing the operation of the plant and strengthened the environmental group of Vanrex. From my own point of view, I think the residents are gunning for zero emission which is not possible in this situation. In order to reduce pollution in the area, I have recommendations for both the residents and the plant
Possible solution for the residents Plant deciduous trees in locations around their home to provide shade in the summer, but to allow light in the winter. Check daily air quality forecasts Clean frequently to remove dust and molds Possible solution for the plant They should reduce the use in their methane They should be gunning for technologies or equipment upgrades that reduce or eliminate equipment venting or fugitive pollution, There should also be an improvements in management practices and operational procedures
Body Art and the Asian Culture essay help tips: essay help tips
Body Art & the Asian Culture Marcie Helman March 22, 2009 Body art is a definitive and visual part of the Asian culture used to identify social and religious representations. The term tattoo is derived from the Tahitian word tatu, meaning to mark . Throughout history, many cultures have socially acceptable ways in which to showcase their individuality. Contrary to popular belief, in the Asian culture, body modification is typically considered to be distasteful and socially unacceptable.
The resurgence and ultimate popularity of the Asian Hanzi and Kanji characters is most prevalent in today’s younger generation. However, the significance of Asian characters used in today’s modern society is not as symbolic as its ancient representation. In the early 1700’s, the Japanese used tattoos as a form of branding as a classification of criminals within their society. Those who bore the mark of dishonor on their foreheads were called Ronin, a masterless samurai warrior. These criminals were believed to be the grass root society in which the “yakuza” was born.
The Yakuza felt that because tattooing was painful, it was a proof of courage; because it was permanent, it was evidence of lifelong loyalty to the group; and because it was illegal, it made them outlaws forever. Historians note that this type of punishment replaced the earlier ostracism of nose or ear amputation. These types of punishments are clearly very visible and physical attributes that cannot be shielded or otherwise hidden. The Horis, the Japanese tattoo artist, were the undisputed masters in the use of color, perspective and imaginative design.
One of the most intricate and colorful tattoo designs is found in the Irezumi, a culturally Japanese form of the body art. Early Chinese traditions regarding body art is quite surprising given our modern culture and the freedom of expression. It was believed that in early China, the art of Ci Shen and Wen Shen, loosely translated means to “puncture the body”, was considered distasteful and was an uncommon practice because it was a desecration of the body. The Chinese believe that the body is a precious gift and must be treated with respect. To harm, or in this case, puncture, was clearly sacrilegious.
Synonymous with the Japanese culture, it was also used as a form of branding for their criminal population. There are hundreds of islands that make up Polynesia (also referred to as Oceania) including the more well-known islands of Hawaii, Tahiti, New Zealand, Marquesas, Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa. Early Polynesian history is not of written form, therefore, the use of this art to express their individuality was more pronounced than that of the Eastern lands of Japan and China. Most of what is known today within the French Polynesian society has been passed from generation to generation through legends, songs and ritual ceremonies.
People were able to easily identify each other’s origins solely based on the design of their body art. Polynesian body art is used in many ritualistic and ceremonial rites of passage. Different symbols, design motifs and markings depict maturity, genealogy and rank within their society. Polynesian tattooing is considered to be the most intricate and skillful tattooing of the ancient world. It is believed that most everyone in ancient Polynesian society bore a tattoo; it was a symbol of their mana, their spiritual power or life force.
The design and placement on the body of the tattoo is decided by the “master”, a highly revered elder within the village and surrounding community. Other variables that determine design and location of the tattoo on the body are life events. An example would be if they were a warrior; preparing for or returning heroically from, battle. A composite of the more familiar Polynesian islands with their cultural adaptations regarding tattoos and interpretations within their social group will be elaborated below. Captain Cook had assisted in the popularity of this art by discussions with other British citizens.
It has been noted that Ma’i, a Polynesian who accompanied Captain Cook back to the British Isles had become partly famous and enjoyed celebrity status because of his tattoos. By the middle of the 18th century, it had become a tradition in the British Navy and by 1862 was commonplace to have at least one professional tattoo artist in residence at most British ports. In Thailand, the Sak Yant is a protective tattoo that covers the body of Thai soldiers. This is an ancient tradition that spans centuries. One of he most highly esteemed locations for Sak Yant is located about 30 miles west of Bangkok called the Wat Bang Phra Buddhist temple. In today’s modern society, incorporating the use of both Asian character symbols as well as the Asian-inspired art such as dragons and tigers, the art has become much more a part of contemporary lifestyles. As cited above, the art of tattooingspans the Asian region in ways that are intricate with its culture. The direction in which tattooing as an art and personal statement seems to be making its inroads into the middle-class community, allowing our newest generation of twenty-something’s to lead the way.
With the traditional Asian culture, it seems to be that even the most austere conservatives are more tolerant and accepting, maybe even allowing, this brand of individuality. It is also reflected in the popularity of American youths depiction of body art who are brandishing Asian inspired motifs that are more concurrent with traditional styles. Most notably, North American statistics show that one in seven people have at least one tattoo further emphasizing how tattoos are appearing more frequently than in previous generations. REFERENCES
Bmw Five Forces persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help
Another major external factor affecting the current situation of BMW is that industry structure is becoming more and more concentrated. In this era of auto-industry consolidation, BMW is seen as a medium-sized business which could face problems in the future if it doesn’t take into consideration strategic alliances. One of the external economic factors is that in the last years a large degree of overcapacity has been experienced in the car industry running at 20% to 30% in Europe.
This overcapacity has been caused by a drop in demand and sales, probably because of a global economic instability which has led consumers to reduce spending on non essential goods. (Johnson 2008) The decline is brought about by lower car demand in North America and Western Europe, both relatively mature car markets that have been adversely impacted this year by high energy prices and fragile consumer sentiment. (Lynch 2005) The automobile industry is becoming more and more competitive, with 6 major groups which have been formed in the last 3 years.
Strategy is a perceived pattern in actions past or yet to come. It is a label applied to patterns in action; strategy evaluation requires a consideration of both current and likely future results against the resources committed to the strategy. This is only an overview of the major concerns and findings from Johnson G. Scholes K. and Whittington R. (2005). Key environmental influences like any modern industry, car manufacturing today is strongly affected by external social and environmental pressures, which influence both current production practices and the development of future products and technologies.
Environmental standards are mostly set by government regulation and even associations within the automobile industry. These acts aim to as anti-emission laws get stricter every year, and companies look to double or triple their fuel efficiency, alternative technologies are being developed to replace the traditional gasoline engines, and have started to hit the market. Increased fuel-economy and decreasing vehicle weight are gradual changes that slowly improve automobile performance; disruptive technologies include new fuel sources such as electricity, solar energy, and fuel cells. Jarzabkowski 2004, p539-60) Below is the graph showing the production of car’s in UK 2003-04. Global production per car manufacture Source: International Organisation of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers A stage has been reached in which a change in thinking is required. In addition, global economic activity has been influenced by falls in equity prices and geopolitical tensions, including the related threat to oil prices, all having a negative impact on the economy. These factors have also influenced development in the majority of the world automobile markets.
Increases in safety standards for automobiles, also mean that nowadays cars take longer time to be developed and manufacturers should now focus on pre-marketing activities, making cars look more desirable to consumers due to their safety. (Stacey 2007) Competitive Forces Competitive forces determine the relative market power of competitors, the kind of competition they engage in, the factors that give some of them a competitive advantage, and the relative attractiveness of that market compared to others.
BMW’s rival Daimler-Chrysler continued competing in the traditional executive and luxury segments of the automobile market, particularly with Mercedes cars that are known worldwide for engineering excellence. Whilst in the past, BMW’s strength was in smaller cars, the current product portfolio competes directly with Mercedes’s middle- and upper-class luxury cars. (Vaara 2004, p1-36) Q: 2 Competitiveness in the automobile industry with perspective to BMW using Porter 5 forces The structure of an industry and ability of firms to act trategically depend on strength of five forces, their analysis allow develop the competitive advantage of the organisation. Year on year incumbents in the car industry grow in size as well as their scale of production which reduce costs of production and final price of output. In order to survive in the market firms have developed strong customer knowledge, branding, special levels of service and access to distribution channels which create high barriers. (McLaren 2004 p191-201) Threat of new entrants Analyse shows that threat for new entrants is low mainly due to huge capital and cutting-edge technology.
Car industry is highly depended on their suppliers, because of advancement of technology and materials needed to build car. Even though all firms produce cars, no two firms are totally different and no two firms are exactly the same. Strategic group maps display different competitive positions that rival firms occupy. Based on Information contained in perceptual map it is easy to notice that more and more firms are going into all sort of alliances which help to offer more and more cheap cars. Additionally, there are many substitutes, but these decrease if the special features of material increase. Hambrick 2004, p91-98) Bargaining power of suppliers and buyers Overall suppliers are weak because they are spread all over the world and can not easily integrate forward, however more and more companies move into close partnerships with suppliers, even by acquiring them in order to reduce costs and exclusivity. The buyer concentration ratio and information availability is high as well as ratio of firms producing cars, on the other hand the power of buyers is weak due to low demand for non-consumer goods- automobile, high switching costs and low ability to backward integrate.
The threats of substitutes are moderately strong because there are many different and less expensive transportation facilities. (Ahlstrom and Sjostrom 2005, p230-40) On the other hand, intense rivalry is strong because the major players are dominant in the market by nearly same technology and manufacturing processes, supplier’s relationship and distribution systems. The ease of differentiating cars and price based competition. BMW is looking at entering into alliances, joint ventures, partnerships as it is the safest way of securing a market share, product attractiveness and competitive prices.
In a decision to purchase a BMW product or that of the competitor, an individual will be influenced by a group of people that he or she wants to join. People in a certain social class or in a certain income level, and they are referred to as inspirational group for that individual. (Gereffi 2004, p78-104) Owning a BMW 3 series indicates that a person has entered a certain exclusive club of BMW drivers. In recent times BMW has enhanced this concept by promoting special clubs for BMW drivers. There are also three factors that affect the buyer behaviour that a marketer must take cognisance of; they are social, personal and psychological.
It will therefore be highlighted how these factors affect the consumer behaviour and in turn how the consumer behaviour affects the buying decisions. (Coe et al 2004, p468-84) Competitive rivalry within industry BMW attractive product variations were a very good source of strength , for example the MINI car released with navigation systems and sunroofs along with BMW brand quality leading to unexpected increase in the MINI sales , also BMW is Enhancing the Value Chain Activities (Specially The Supply Chain) using the shared components.
Appearance Versus Reality college application essay help online: college application essay help online
In the play, The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams, appearance versus reality is one of the main themes. Each main character lives in their own fantasy world, where they forget about reality, and it reflects on their appearance. While they do not belong in society, they have very different views on how life should be. Firstly, Laura does not feel she belongs in society and often is isolated from reality.
Secondly, Amanda believes that her daughter, Laura, should focus on finding gentlemen callers, for it is the most important part of life, but what Amanda does not realize is that the world is not the same as it was when she was growing up. Thirdly, Tom tries hard to ignore the reality of his life and make his life seem more interesting by dreaming of his own life adventures and leaving to go to the movies to find adventure. Laura is separated from reality, and has a hard time adjusting to modern society.
The world she lives in holds the comfort and meaning that the real world does not provide for her, and it consists of her imaginary friends, the glass menagerie. She brings her glass animals to life, and gives them a personality where they have their own feelings and can tell her what they like and what they do not like. When Jim is over he noticed her collection and asks her about it. Jim: Unicorns – aren’t they extinct in the modern world? Laura: I know! Jim: Poor little fellow, he must feel sort of lonesome.
Laura: Well, if he does, he doesn’t complain about it. He stays on a shelf with some horses that don’t have horns and all of them seem to get along nicely together… Put him on the table. They all like a change of scenery once in a while! (Williams, 83-84) Laura’s glass menagerie collection is very important to her. It provides her an alternative life in which she can live separated to reality. Not only is she separated from reality, but she also has a hard time fitting in with modern society. Laura dropped out of her college after a few days of being there.
The day she dropped out was the day after her hands could not hit the right keys on her first speed test. Also that day she had a bad stomachache where she almost could not make it to the washroom on her own. When her mother realized that she dropped out, many months later, she questioned Laura about it and she replied that she was just out walking. At first her mother did not believe her. Amanda: Laura, where have you been going when you’ve gone out pretending that you were going to business college? Laura: I’ve just been going out walking…
Amanda: From half past seven till after five every day you mean to tell me you walked around in the park, because you wanted to make me think that you were still going to Rubicam’s Business College? (Williams, 14-15) After her bad day at school, Laura felt she did not belong in college so she did not make another attempt at it and just dropped out of school. She went back to her own world and wandered the streets, simply walking nowhere. She does not think about the future and lives for her own fantasy world. When her brother invites over a gentleman caller for her she is too scared to answer the door.
It reveals how her shyness can sometimes make her seem immature, and stuck in the past not moving on or growing up. Laura also tends to live in the past, but more importantly she lives among her sterile, unchanging glass animals, where unicorns, “extinct in the modern world,” still remain, and where any change (such as a broken horn) requires banishment. Laura’s shyness represents an emotional and social immaturity, just as her small bust suggests a lack of physical development. (Berkowitz) When Laura tries to move forward, she often finds herself back in the same spot she was to begin with.
Society cannot be a part of her, for she simply does not fit in. The world that surrounds her is replaced with her own world where glass animals talk, and nothing changes. As Laura fails to belong in society, she forgets the modern world and lives in her own. Even though the reality of modern day life has changed in the past years, Amanda believes that gentlemen callers should be an important part of her daughter’s life. What Amanda fails to realize is that Laura’s life is not like hers and that modern society has changed.
Amanda’s main focus for her daughter is gentlemen callers. It seems as if it is one of the few things she ever thinks about. She constantly tells her children about the stories of her past, where she had many gentlemen callers of her own. Sometimes, she likes to believe that Laura will soon have company and that they will have to entertain them. Amanda: It’s almost time for our gentlemen callers to start arriving. … How many do you suppose we’re going to entertain this afternoon? Laura: I don’t believe we’re going to receive any, Mother.
Amanda: What? No one – not one? You must be joking! … Not one gentleman caller? It can’t be true! There must be a flood, there must have been a tornado! Laura: It isn’t a flood, it’s not a tornado, Mother. I’m just not popular like you were in Blue Mountain…. (Williams, 10) What Amanda does not realize is that Laura is not at all like she was in her younger years: popular, full of life, and always entertaining her gentlemen callers. Some nights she would wish on the moon, hoping one day Laura would marry and live a happy life on her own.
Laura feels she is fine without any men in her life, but Amanda still believes that it is not true and that every girl needs a man to be able to truly live. She tries desperately to get Laura a gentlemen caller so she can she how wonderful it could be to have one around. Tom: I thought perhaps you wished for a gentleman caller. Amanda: Why do you say that? Tom: Don’t you remember asking me to fetch one? Amanda: I remember suggesting that it would be nice for your sister if you brought home some nice young man from the warehouse. I think that I’ve made that suggestion more than once. Williams, 40-41) When Amanda convinces her son to bring Laura home a gentleman caller from work, he does just that. Though Tom does not tell him that it is for him to meet his sister, Amanda was still excited that a man is coming over. This reveals how important Amanda thinks a gentlemen caller is for her daughter. Almost instantly, she starts preparing for him by decorating the whole apartment where he is to visit. The gentleman caller that is being expected is named Jim O’Connor. He is invited over for dinner and has no idea what is in store for him.
In Sally Boyd’s essay on Tennessee Williams, she says, “Pinning all her hopes for the future on a marriage for her daughter, Amanda asks Tom to find a suitable young man among his friends at the warehouse… Amanda is so excited over the prospect of a gentleman caller for her daughter that she practically redecorates the apartment in preparation. ” (Boyd). The gentlemen callers coming over for Laura is unsuccessful. When everything seemed right for Laura, she finds out that he is already engaged. This upset both her and Amanda. Amanda thought she had it right but things are not the same as they used to be.
Things have changed and gentlemen callers are not as common. What Amanda fails to realize is that life nowadays is different, for she still believes that gentlemen callers are important in every girl’s life, especially her daughter’s. By creating life adventures and constantly leaving to go to the movies, Tom finds he can leave the reality of his life and make his life seem more appealing. His mother does not believe that when he leaves he goes to the movies. Tom goes much too often, and always comes home really late. Tom adores adventure, and feels he can never have enough of it.
If he is not working, he is out finding adventure or watching movies. Amanda: …Laura says that you hate the apartment and that you go out nights to get away from it! Is that true, Tom? … But, why – why, Tom – are you always so restless? Where do you go to, nights? Tom: I – go to the movies. Amanda: Why do you go to the movies so much, Tom? Tom: I go to the movies because – I like adventure. Adventure is something I don’t have much of at work, so I go to the movies. Amanda: But, Tom, you go to the movies entirely too much! Tom: I like a lot of adventure. (Williams, 33)
When Tom leaves the house, he does not go anywhere but to work or the movies. His life revolves around the two of them as well as his family, who he does not care for that much. Amanda tells him how selfish he seems when he cannot do something for the family as simple as paying the lighting bill. He uses the movies as a way to escape reality. When it comes to his job he would give it up to have more adventure in his life. Leaving his job would make him more separated from reality. Tom: … For sixty-five dollars a month I give up all that I dream of doing and being ever!
And you say self – self’s all I ever think of. Why, listen, if self is what I thought of, Mother, I’d be where he is – GONE! [talking about his father. ] As far as the system of transportation reaches! Don’t grab at me, Mother! Amanda: Where are you going? … Tom: I’m going to opium dens! … I’m a hired assassin, I carry a tommy gun in a violin case! … They call me Killer, Killer Wingfield, I’m leading a double-life, a simple, honest warehouse worker by day, by night a dynamic czar of the underworld, Mother. I go to gambling casinos, I spin away fortunes on the roulette table!
I wear a patch over one eye and a false mustache, sometimes I put on green whiskers. (Williams, 23-24) Creating adventure is how he separates himself from the real world. He uses it as an excuse to run from his life problems and it provides him with a more interesting life to live. He avoids what he does not want to be part of, failing to realize that he will have to face it all eventually. His life may seem more appealing, but it is not the life he is put on this world to live. To avoid Amanda’s questions and remarks, Tom threatens to go to the movies, his characteristic way of dealing–or not dealing–with unwanted responsibilities.
The movies are an escape from the grind at the shoe warehouse where he works and the problems at the apartment; both environments seem like prisons to Tom–prisons shutting him away from his true destiny as an artist. (Fordyce) As dull as his life may seem, having to work in a warehouse and having a family that does not belong into society, he tries to put it behind him and let adventure lead him. This never seems to work for him, as he stays with his family instead of leaving them. Even though Tom attempts to forget his life, he finds adventure in movies and pretends it is part of his real life just to make his life seem more interesting.
Appearance versus reality is the main theme of The Glass Menagerie. It is shown through Laura, Amanda and Tom––all the main characters. Laura has a hard time fitting into society, and finds herself separated from it. Amanda believes that her daughter should focus her life towards gentlemen callers, for they are the most important things of life, even though currently it is not. Also, Tom is always leaving home to go out to the movies, creating adventure for himself to forget his life at home and at his work. Even though the family appears to fit in society, they lack the knowledge of the true reality.
Life of Ayub Khan cheap mba definition essay help: cheap mba definition essay help
Ayub khan’s life:- Ayub Khan’s era is known for the industrialization in the country. He created an environment where the private sector was encouraged to establish medium and small-scale industries in Pakistan. This opened up avenues for new job opportunities and thus the economic graph of the country started rising. He also tried to raise the education standards of the country by introducing educational reforms. He was the first Pakistani ruler who attempted to bring in land reforms but the idea was not implemented properly.
Labor, law and administrative reforms were also introduced during his regime. Ayub Khan also initiated Family Laws in the country. He planned a new city and moved the capital from Karachi to Islamabad in 1962. Every thing was moving in the right direction for Ayub Khan till the start of the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. The performance of the Pakistani army was good but the war caused a rapid decline of the country’s economy. He is also criticized his role at the Tashkent Declaration.
Many believe that he negated the victory on the battlefield with a defeat at the negotiating table. His right-hand man, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, also turned against him and launched his own party, the Pakistan Peoples Party, with the aim to remove Ayub from power. The Awami League under Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rahman started propagating his rule as pro West Pakistan and claimed that his policies had snatched away the Bengali’s rights. The rest of the political parties formed an alliance, the Democratic Action Committee, with a one-point agenda, i. e. the removal of Ayub Khan’s government.
In addition, Ayub’s policies of concentrating political power in his own hands, his control over the press and media, imposing state of emergency in the country, and his interference in religion were also responsible for his downfall. Adding insult to injury, Ayub Khan decided to celebrate a decade of his rule in 1968 and made exaggerated claims about the development in the country. By the end of 1968, the public resentment against the Ayub’s regime touched a boiling point and an anti-Ayub movement was launched by the urban-middle class; including students, teachers, lawyers, doctors, and engineers.
The Joint Labor Council called for a labor strike. Demonstrations and agitation swept the whole country. Law and order broke down and Ayub was left with no other option but to step down. On March 25, 1969, he resigned and handed over the power to the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army, General Muhammad Yahya Khan. The first time military was directly involved in politics of the country was when Ayub Khan, a serving Commander-in-Chief, was inducted into Muhammad Ali Bogra’s Federal Cabinet in 1954, and was given the portfolio of Defense.
As Commander-in-Chief and Defense Minister, Ayub Khan played a key role in negotiations concerning Pakistan’s entry into United States’ sponsored military alliances, C. E. N. T. O. and S. E. A. T. O. On October 7, 1958, Iskander Mirza enforced the first Martial Law in Pakistan with the help of Ayub Khan. Ayub Khan was designated as the Chief Martial Law Administrator. However, the two leaders couldn’t work together for long. Ayub Khan snatched away Mirzas’ powers and assumed charge as the President of Pakistan, in addition to his role as Chief Martial Law Administrator.
Later on he gave himself the rank of Field Marshal. Most people in Pakistan welcomed Ayub Khan’s takeover because they were sick and tired of the political instability that had racked the country since its birth in 1947. Immediately after assuming his new responsibilities, Ayub tried to wipeout corruption and get rid of several social problems the country was facing. All these steps enhanced Ayub’s popularity among the masses. However, he was conscious of the fact that he could not rule under military cover for long and thus appointed a Constitutional Commission headed by Justice Shahab-ud-din.
On Ayub’s instructions, the report presented by the Commission on May 6, 1961, was examined by many committees, modified, and was finally given the shape of a Constitution. On June 8, 1962, Martial Law was lifted from Pakistan and the new Constitution was introduced. According to this new Constitution, Presidential form of government and the principle of Basic Democracy were introduced. The imposition of the Constitution made no change in the powers of Ayub Khan and he remained President even under the new setup.
Presidential elections were held in 1965. The Combined Opposition Party nominated Fatima Jinnah as their candidate in the election but Ayub Khan managed to sweep the polls. His critics consider rigging as the chief cause of his victory as they believe that Fatima Jinnah secured fewer votes than her popularity, which was quite visible during her public meetings before the election. However, another factor considered for her defeat was that the franchise was limited in the election.
Masses only had a chance to turn up in the public meetings but had no right to vote. Ayub Khan’s era is known for the industrialization in the country. He created an environment where the private sector was encouraged to establish medium and small-scale industries in Pakistan. This opened up avenues for new job opportunities and thus the economic graph of the country started rising. He also tried to raise the education standards of the country by introducing educational reforms.
He was the first Pakistani ruler who attempted to bring in land reforms but the idea was not implemented properly. Labor, law and administrative reforms were also introduced during his regime. Ayub Khan also initiated Family Laws in the country. He planned a new city and moved the capital from Karachi to Islamabad in 1962. Every thing was moving in the right direction for Ayub Khan till the start of the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. The performance of the Pakistani army was good but the war caused a rapid decline of the country’s economy.
He is also criticized his role at the Tashkent Declaration. Many believe that he negated the victory on the battlefield with a defeat at the negotiating table. His right-hand man, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, also turned against him and launched his own party, the Pakistan Peoples Party, with the aim to remove Ayub from power. The Awami League under Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rahman started propagating his rule as pro West Pakistan and claimed that his policies had snatched away the Bengali’s rights.
The rest of the political parties formed an alliance, the Democratic Action Committee, with a one-point agenda, i. e. the removal of Ayub Khan’s government. In addition, Ayub’s policies of concentrating political power in his own hands, his control over the press and media, imposing state of emergency in the country, and his interference in religion were also responsible for his downfall. Adding insult to injury, Ayub Khan decided to celebrate a decade of his rule in 1968 and made exaggerated claims about the development in the country.
By the end of 1968, the public resentment against the Ayub’s regime touched a boiling point and an anti-Ayub movement was launched by the urban-middle class; including students, teachers, lawyers, doctors, and engineers. The Joint Labor Council called for a labor strike. Demonstrations and agitation swept the whole country. Law and order broke down and Ayub was left with no other option but to step down. On March 25, 1969, he resigned and handed over the power to the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army, General Muhammad Yahya Khan.
Biscuit Industry college application essay help online: college application essay help online
Executive Summary Malaysia Biscuits (M) Sdn. Bhd. Was incorporates in 1990 at Sibu Sarawak with the workforce of 140 people up to date, Malaysia Biscuits under small and medium category and distributes his product to all retailer outlets and supermarket all over Malaysia.
Malaysia Biscuit looking to expand his business into International level and two of his products that receive award from International Institute of quality Selection is Pineapple Cookies and Chocolate Chip, Malaysia Biscuit intend to make these two product become a global brand, the first step for Malaysia Biscuit to make his products become a global brand is to enter the International Market.
To do that, research is needed so that Malaysia Biscuit able to identify which country is the most potential for him to enter at the first place. The target market for this research will be China, Taiwan, Singapore and Indonesia and will take over 6 month’s maximum. The research will be carry out in two phases, Phase One: Preliminary Screening, at this stage the data will be base on the secondary data and research will base on the Demographic, Political, Economic and social-Culture environment.
The second phase of the research will be conducted base on the primary research survey with the local research company in order to get the data on consumer behaviour and information on the marketing mix strategy. Unfortunately, the secondary data research has some weakness due to the problems related to availability, age of the data, accuracy, reliability and comparability of the data. Further research need to carry out so the decision can be make on which country to enter or did the company ready to enter the market at this stage.
Taxation and Price Control on the Economy essay help us: essay help us
Taxation and Price Control on the Economy March 22, 2009 Taxation, a system of raising money to back our government, in which all governments require payments of money-taxes-from people. The government use tax money to pay for expenses that are well needed such as: the service of America soldiers, police officers service, hospitals and the list go on. Without taxes to fund its endeavors, the government could not exist. Is the tax levied (imposed) on the producers or consumers?
Every walk of life has to face the music of taxation at one level or another. Taxes are used for many reasons such as stimulating the economy to governing spending. According to Johnson (2005) tax levy was used as a form of governing particular behaviors. Taxation based upon the wealth or a particular sect of people in a higher financial category was instituted as a way to generate finances to run the government and often to aid the government in day to day business ventures.
In the current financial economy direct taxes such as: income tax, real property tax, business licenses are some of the required supplements to taxation. Indirect taxes such as: general sales taxes on groceries, marriage licenses and auto purchases become the revenue needed to sustain governmental functions while encouraging the usage or non-usage of a product or services. Both the producers and consumers are affected by the usage of tax levy principles. How does the tax affect supply or demand? Taxation affects everyone including the supply and demand chain of production.
What is supply? Supply is ones ability to provide a product or service to another with a variety of prices, quantity and times that equally dependent upon the demand for service. Without a consistent supply of products and services, business and homes around the globe would fail. Taxation affects supply through the mechanism of growth. What is demand? In the respect of business, demand represents a need or ability of product to be purchased and used on a consistent bases; therefore creating a demand.
Taxation is expected but can be growth curve and devaluing curve for supply and demand. When a product is placed under high taxation such as tobacco products the consumption level is decreased, which means that the demand for the product will be affected by the cost associated. Supply also is affected when given extreme or high than normal taxation. Once again the producer of a product becomes affected by the decline in purchases from the consumer therefore, creating a domino effect on the economy (Johnson, 2005). How does the tax affect the equilibrium price and quantity?
Understand equilibrium price and quantity is realizing the algebraic expression of price, supply and demand. When quantity demands equal quantity supply! Example: Wal-Mart has 1 package of noodles left on the shelf and 25 people standing in line to purchase. The price of the product is subject to increase as its value is greater the available number; however, it there are 25 packages of noodles on the shelf and 1 person in line to purchase, the odds are favorable toward getting a reduced price for the noodles. In general this statement lends true toward any principle.
The more demand of the product the more costly it will be and the less demand the less costly it would be. In this market, describe a hypothetical situation where a price ceiling or floor could be imposed. Currently with the economic crisis in America, our newly elect president it trying to place a ceiling on bonuses and most CEO pay salaries. In light of the current issues surround AIG, a price ceiling might not be a bad ideal. There are many situations in our history when a price ceiling or floor was instituted to prevent the American public from being taken advantage of.
In 1979 – 1981 a price ceiling was established to control gasoline because the rapid cost increase that was passed on to the consumer and if any store owner was caught in an overage of the maximum price, they were found guilty of fraud. Then was the case in history when rent controls were place to regulate equilibrium for rent. At points in our history it is known that a ceiling or a floor was imposed to regulate a problem. In recent days of the Governor Sunny Perdue was trying to establish a ceiling on water being released from the Chattahoochee River to the Florida Panhandle.
According to the daily news reports via local news station (11-alive; Fox 5 and others) the city of Atlanta and surrounding cities was going to run out of water if the draught continued and the water levies were allowed to continue sending gallons of water down stream. After several petitions to stop the effort of water release the governmental officials came to an agreement but had the Supreme Court had to get involved the Governor for Atlanta was pushing for a ceiling or maximum amount water to be released that would not leave Atlanta desperate and its citizens without adequate water supply.
Public Transportation need essay help: need essay help
Public Transportation there are many kinds of commuters on public transportation: there are bus commuters, train commuters, and plain commuters. The first kind of commuter are people who ride the bus. At some point in their lifetime, everyone has had to ride the bus. Children ride the bus to school on a daily basis all the way through adolescence. People who live in large cities, ride the bus just about everywhere they need to go.
Local buses bring in large amounts of money for their area and can be very helpful to the people of the town. The second facet of transportation would be the train system. Among the many classifications of train systems, there are subways, trolleys, and rail ways. Subways are utilized by people who live in large areas. Trolleys are used by people who live in smaller areas, like suburbs. Rail ways, broken up in rail roads, are used all across the nation.
Rail road cars, drive on train tracks, and have become so popular that collectible toys have even been made after them. Rail ways help transport many of our nation’s most important goods, and without them we would be facing serious problems. The third type of transportation are airplanes. Air planes are mostly used for long distance traveling. Air planes are the most expensive of the three types, but they are still used very often. The wealthy often use air planes as their main way of traveling.
Air planes can be seen by some as dangerous and very risky because of their bad history in the past. Air planes are high flying machines that carry people from city to city and sometimes even across countries. Air planes are used by people in politics, the millitary, and even regular citizens. Air planes are very important to our country and help make our lives much easier. As you can see, there are many diffrent types of transportation, but they all help make our lives easier in their own special way.
Web Technology Will Certainly Enhance Talent Attraction personal essay help: personal essay help
Web Technology will certainly enhance talent attraction, retention and development in organization. Discuss in relation to specific HR practices. Introduction Talent acquisition, retention and development is becoming into the range as one of the most critical elements of Human Resource Management. For years, companies have struggled to capture market share through economization and downsizing, while growth had seemed to take a backseat. New technology and tools are now available to address attracting, developing and retaining talent.
Talent attraction-Recruitment One of the most important practices of HR is recruitment. When we are referring to Web Technology in recruitment we want to attract top performers and high potentials as compared to our competitors. The focus is on attracting attention of individual with skills, competencies, and behaviors that are rare. Online recruitment is one of the most widely discussed functions of e-hr. The benefits of online recruitment are substantial in terms of cost, time, candidate pool and quality of response.
The use of technology improves the sorting and contacting of candidates. The internet can facilitate the selection of employees, especially where long distances are concerned. Video conferencing and online tests, for example, have been extensively used at the early stages of the selection process which results in cost and time savings, gives an organisation a more up to date image and it provides global coverage 24 hours a day. However there is always the risk of resumes overload, as well as low reputation and effectiveness of websites and databases.
Its use is still not widespread in Mauritius and advertisements which fail to reach their target audience are a waste of resources. It is not the first choice of most talented person since recruitment is most of the time done that someone knowing your skill and requests your service. Talent Retention-Reward and Performance Management Employee self service allows employees to submit electronically their preferences in terms of benefit selection, reducing the burden for the Human Resource Department.
Experience has shown that after the implementation of a self service employee benefits system, employees may still be calling with benefit questions confused about their choices and unable to grasp a broader rewards perspective However if web delivered employee benefits, if properly implemented and managed, entail economies for the HR department. The manager self service allows him to take on or confirm salary actions, salary changes, bonuses and stock management and informs managers on the choice they need to make or verify about rewards of their subordinates and asks them to insert their decision.
Performance management is one of the most important activities of HR. It is not enough to simply go through the business as usual and much disliked annual exercise of assessing performance and driving rewards based on a performance assessment. The information system will be drive and modifies goals as needed, assesses performance against goals, and provides instant feedback which will give them an indication of their strength and weaknesses thus focusing on skill development and motivate employees to stay with the organisation.
However this may lead to Substitution of individual judgments and Challenge the nature of an organisation and the role of management Talent development-Training and Development and e-learning E- Learning is one of the mostly discussed aspects of E-hr and probably the one with the most potential in terms of cost benefits. The internet can be used in training and development in pure e learning activities and career management.
3m – Innovation at 3m Corporation essay help writing: essay help writing
This went against the incrementalist approach that for so long had pervaded 3M. After all, as Mary Sonnack, division scientist and an internal 3M consultant on the new Lead User methodology, noted “3M gets so much revenue from incremental products . . . like a blue Post-it note instead of just a yellow one. ” Outside the window, the late autumn breeze rippled through the tall Minnesota grass—a seasonal reminder that it had been a year since the group first embarked on the Lead User process (see Exhibit 1).
The method, including training, had called for less than six months dedicated to the entire process. But the lengthy commitment from participants as well as 3M senior management might just pay off if it took the Medical-Surgical Markets division from a stagnating business to a reinvigorated enterprise. Clearly, however, unless the team came up with successful product ideas and effective positioning, the new methodology for product innovation would die with the winter frost. And so might the entire business unit. History of 3M Corporation1
In 1902, on the banks of Lake Superior, five investors got together to excavate what they thought was high-quality corundum, a mineral almost as hard as diamond that manufacturers used for producing abrasives. What they dug up under the banner of the Minnesota Mining and 1Much of the information on 3M history comes from G. C. Nicholson, “Keeping Innovation Alive,” Research-Technology Management, vol. 41 (3), May/June 1998, pp. 34-40 and 3M Annual Report, 1998. ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Professor Stefan Thomke and Research Associate Ashok Nimgade prepared this case. HBS cases are developed solely as the basis for class discussion. Cases are not intended to serve as endorsements, sources of primary data, or illustrations of effective or ineffective management. Copyright © 1998 President and Fellows of Harvard College. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, call 1-800-545-7685, write Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, MA 02163, or go to http://www. hbsp. harvard. edu.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, used in a spreadsheet, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the permission of Harvard Business School. 699-012 Innovation at 3M Corporation (A) Manufacturing Company, however, turned out low-grade and worthless. After filling one $20 order, the venture folded up its mining operations and turned instead to the sandpaper business. Here, disaster struck again: the abrasives they had imported from Spain refused to stick to the sandpaper.
Research and development (R&D) then at 3M, as the company became known, took place in a primitive laboratory so small the sole technician had to back out to let the boss in. The young technician figured out the problem after plunging some sandpaper into water and noting an oil slick. Follow-up investigations revealed that during shipment from Spain, an ocean storm had caused olive oil to leak into the abrasive material. This insight allowed for fixing the sandpaper problem while also establishing the emphasis on technology and innovativeness at 3M.
By 1916, survival assured, the company started paying stock dividends. The firm, now headquartered in St. Paul, Minnesota, initially stayed close to abrasives, developing the world’s first waterproof sandpaper in the early 1920s. 3M technicians began bypassing purchasing agents in order to better understand product needs. Often, they walked into factories and workplaces and talked directly to workers, an unheard of practice that yielded unexpected dividends. While visiting an auto-body shop in the 1920s, for instance, Richard Drew, a young lab assistant, heard a torrent of screams and curses.
Mary Kay Ash best essay help: best essay help
Mary Kay Ash Mary Kay products have been available for nearly 50 years. Using her total life savings of $5,000 the founder Mary Kay Ash started her business, a single mother of three trying to support her children. Putting god first, family second and career third she managed to create a multibillion-dollar international company that would reflect her values along with a fulfilling life (Ash, 1995). Early Years One of Mary Kay’s believes was that one should not reveal her age. The exact birth year of Mary Kay is unknown but thought to have been around 1916.
She was the youngest of four children of Edward and Lula Wagner of Hot Wells, TX. With her father being ill with tuberculosis it was her responsibility to cook, clean and care for her father while her mother was working. School years for Mary Kay were great but the circumstances her parents were unable to send her to college. By the time Mary Kay was seventeen she was married and went on to have three children of her own (www. notablebiographies. com). She began studying to become a doctor and selling part time for Stanley Home Products in Houston, TX, but soon learned that selling was her trait.
In 1952, Mary Kay began working for a company in Dallas, TX by the name of World Gift Company in sales. After 25 years of corporate sales she decided to call it quits (Ash, 1995). Change For Mary Kay she was upset for the way she had been treated in the male-dominated business world. Mary Kay turned her attention to writing which turned out to be the business plan for her operation. In 1963, Mary Kay took her savings of $5,000 and the help of her son Richard Rogers and opened her first store in Dallas, TX. With only nine beauty consultants that she called her team, she began what today is Mary Kay Inc.
The first year of operation the team made nearly $200,000 (Stefoff, 1992). Known for the Pink Cadillac’s that were given as incentives for top sales directors, Mary Kay thought the most effective strategies would be incentives. Diamond bee pins were also another incentive that kept her team to doing their very best. With such incentives her team made her company a great success. As the company’s growth continued, new products were added with sales the first two years nearly a $1 million (Allen, n. d). Later Years In 1981, Mary Kay published her life story selling over a million copies.
She called it quits with the company in 1987 and retired becoming chairman of the company. Mary Kay’s P&L, not profit and loss but People and Love (Ash, 1995). With thirty-seven markets world wide, and well over 350,000 consultants, Mary Kay Inc. now makes over $1 billion in sales in nineteen different countries (Allen, n. d). The company went public in 1968, but went private again in 1985. To this day, it remains one of the largest firms in the US (Stefoff, 1992). Fortune Magazine has listed Mary Kay as one of the five hundred largest companies since 1992.
Also listed in the book The 100 Best Companies to Work for in America, which now employs over 475 thousand people (www. notablebiographies. com). Conclusion Despite her conservative views, conventional approach to combining family and job responsibilities, and ultra feminine appearance, Mary Kay was a tough business woman with a large knowledge of marketing and sales. She helped innumerable women to careers and to the financial security that derives from earning one’s own money. Though her personal views may not be typical of other women who have strived for their civil rights, Mary Kay nevertheless encouraged and empowered legions of women.
Through her belief in women’s abilities and her willingness to give them a chance, she made the dream of self-sufficiency a reality for hundreds of thousands of women worldwide. She was a tough businesswomen with a huge knowledge of marketing and sales. For women Mary Kay was one of top 10 places to work. She gave many women worldwide a chance for success and living a dream that for many may have never happened. Mark Kay had the determination to make the business a huge success and change the lives of women all across the world. References Ash, M (1995). Mary Kay: You Can have It All. Rocklin, CA: Prima Stefoff, R (1992).
Blood Disorders global history essay help: global history essay help
BLOOD DISORDERS Pamela Butler Axia University of Phoenix Health & Diseases Blood disorders can affect one’s life and health in many ways. Blood disorders come in many types and have many symptoms and treatments. However, with proper knowledge of symptoms, lifestyle factors, and family history one can prevent and treat these disorders before becoming life threatening. After reviewing each scenario provided it is established that each individual is suffering from a different type of blood disorder.
We will be discussing the three disorders established, the cause of these disorders, how these disorders are diagnosed, and the treatment and prevention methods for these disorders. Scenario One In scenario one Amy, a four-year-old Caucasian female is currently at risk of contracting Iron Deficiency Anemia. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when a person’s body does not receive the proper amount of iron needed to produce a sufficient supply of red blood cells or hemoglobin within the body.
Every red blood cell contains hemoglobin, which is the part of the cell that carries our oxygen. Without the appropriate amount of iron within one’s body, the body makes fewer and smaller red blood cells leaving the body with less hemoglobin to distribute oxygen throughout one’s body to tissues and cells (WebMD, 2005-2009). With less oxygen reaching the tissues and cells of one’s body, the functions of these tissues and cells begin to suffer sometimes leaving a person with less energy and paled or discolored skin (Mayo Clinic, 1998-2009).
There are many reasons that a person can have low levels of iron in ones blood stream such as heavy menstrual bleeding, bleeding inside one’s body, pregnancy, an inability to absorb iron, and a lack of iron in ones diet. Since ones, blood contains iron, the loss of too much blood from one’s body in cases such as a heavy menstrual period or internal bleeding causes an individual to lose the iron needed to sustain the proper amount of hemoglobin in one’s body. Pregnant woman may also suffer from too little iron in one’s body due to the iron not only being used for ones, self-but for, one’s growing fetus as well.
The inability to absorb iron from the foods that are eaten through the small intestine in cases such as an intestinal disorder, the removal of part of the small intestine, or a regular use of prescription-strength stomach acid blockers can also cause one to have low iron within one’s body (Mayo Clinic, 1998-2009). Since iron in one’s body derives from the food that one eats, the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia is the lack of iron in one’s diet. In order to sustain a good level of iron in one’s body one needs to include foods such as meat, eggs, dairy products, or iron-fortified foods into ones diet.
If one suspects that, he or, she may be suffering from iron deficiency anemia medical attention is recommended. Iron deficiency disorder is mainly diagnosed by the use of blood tests administered by ones medical provider. Tests used to determine if one is suffering from an iron deficiency disorder include tests that examine the size and color of one’s blood cells, a check of one’s hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, and a measurement of ferritin. If diagnosed with an iron deficiency disorder the first step to treating this disorder is to begin an iron supplement in the form of an iron tablet or multivitamin.
The second step to treating this disorder is to introduce a diet that is rich in iron into one’s life. If one with this disorder is able to increase and maintain the amount of iron in one’s body this disorder will no longer affect the individual suffering from it. To help prevent future problems associated with iron deficiency anemia future testing is recommended. Along with regular testing a diet rich in iron based foods such as red meats, seafood, poultry, eggs, breads, pastas, spinach, raisins, nuts, and dark green leafy vegetables should be adhered to.
Scenario Two In scenario two Marcus, a 5-year-old African American male is susceptible to the blood disorder Sickle Cell Anemia, because his mother is a carrier. As stated by The HealthCentral Network, Inc (2004-2009), “Sickle cell anemia is caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin called hemoglobin S”. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disorder where one copy of the sickle cell gene or hemoglobin S is passed down from each parent and present in the recipient.
If only one gene is present in the recipient, the person is known as being only a carrier to the disorder of sickle cell anemia and not one that is initially affected by it. When an individual carries two genes, one from each parent of hemoglobin S the red cells in his or, her body are shaped like sickles or, crescent moons and tend to clump together making them sticky, stiff, and fragile. Sickle cell anemia can be found in individuals of all races but is a disorder that mainly affects individuals of African American, Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean descent.
If one suspects that, he or, she may be a carrier of sickle cell anemia and is worried that he or, she may have passed this trait or disease down to one’s children a blood test can be given to diagnose sickle cell anemia. In testing for sickle cell anemia, ones doctor will take a sample of one’s blood to check for the presence of hemoglobin S. If one’s doctor determines that, the screening of one’s blood is positive he or, she will then conduct further tests to determine whether one or two genes are present.
In confirming the findings of the blood results, a sample of blood will then be examined under a microscope to check for a large number of sickle cells; if the results are found to be positive further blood tests will then be done to test for anemia. There currently is no cure for sickle cell anemia other than a bone marrow transplant however; treatment is currently available to help control the affects of this disease. Treatments for this disease include a wide range of options from pain relievers to blood transfusions.
Individuals that suffer from sickle cell anemia get treatments as signs of the disease occur but most treatments are administered as ways to help prevent infections, relieve pain, and control complications associated with this disease. Unfortunately, sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease so methods of preventing it from occurring are sparse. However, being tested for this disease before conceiving a child can give one the option on whether to go forth with having a child who may be born with this disease or not.
If one wishes to go forth with conceiving children other options such as an in vitro fertilization procedure that helps one to have a healthy non-affected child is available (Mayo Clinic, 1998-2009). Scenario Three In scenario three Richard an individual who has noticed a significant amount of bruising over the last couple of weeks may be suffering from a disease called thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia occurs when there are a deficient number of platelets in one’s blood. When one has a deficient number of latelets in one’s blood, one’s blood is unable to clot properly which can result in superficial bleeding into the skin, prolonged bleeding of cuts, easy or excessive bruising, spontaneous bleeding, and blood in urine and stool. Causes of thrombocytopenia may result from certain drugs that one has taken such as heparin, and histamine blockers. Thrombocytopenia may also be caused by the use of alcohol, a stem cell injury, marrow aplasia, fibrosis, cancer, or an enlargement of one’s spleen. Diagnosis of this disorder is conducted by the use of a blood test, physical examination, and a bone marrow examination.
In diagnosing if an individual has contracted thrombocytopenia ones doctor will conduct a blood test to count the number of platelets that are currently in one’s blood and physically examine one’s body for signs of an enlarged spleen. If it is determined that one has the disorder one’s doctor will then order a bone marrow examination and special blood tests to help determine the cause of the disease (Mayo Clinic, 1998-2009). Treatments for thrombocytopenia include medications, surgery, blood transfusions, and plasma exchange.
Medications used to treat this disorder may include medications that suppress one’s immune system or medications that block antibodies that are attacking platelets. Surgery is used when one’s spleen needs to be removed and plasma exchange and blood transfusions are used for individuals with severe bleeding. In some cases, no treatments are used or medications causing the disorder are eliminated. To prevent the reoccurrence or occurrence of this disorder, it is advised that one be monitored regularly by one’s doctor. Blood disorders can occur to one, by both genetic and un-genetic means.
Coke Case english essay help online: english essay help online
The intangibles of Coke are the long time relationship with customers, the brand image, reputation, symbol of the company. )Test again but do not use the blind test and compare the difference. Before launching the new coke, the company should have issued some sample first to fathom the customer reaction to the new product. 8)Taste buds: 9)Actually, I do not agree with the idea of launching the new coke as a brand extension because Coke has built its market share from the loyal customer of the classic taste. Its competitor attacked to another class of consumers who prefer the sweeter taste.
Even if Coke launches the new Coke as the attack brand, it will be very difficult for it to success because for the customer who likes the sweeter one, they will choose Pepsi instead as Pepsi already similarly built a long term relationship with its customers. And the fact has improved that New Coke do not make any difference to the situation. 10)Marketing research is far from an exact science. Sometimes data is important for decision making process but basing solely on data will be failure. Especially, as marketing treats matters which relate to human, there are many factors more than data which need the consideration.
After Viewing the Simpson’s popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help
After viewing The Simpsons it has become apparent that the six key factors influencing homers overall health and physical activity play a big part in his life. Homer’s Heredity factors influencing his overall health and level of physical activity are hard to determine as he is a cartoon character and no real evidence of his family’s history has been shown in the popular TV series. But for example if his father had suffered from a heredity disease he might possibly have taken or take his health more seriously. Signs of unhealthy hereditary aspects in homer and his father are that they are both overweight and both are balding.
They also both share the common feature of no intelligence and forgetfulness. These generic features which were passed on to homer are negative and haven’t helped his overall health and level of Physical activity. Abraham (homer’s father) wasn’t there for most of homer’s childhood as he was in the Second World War. Homers mother left him at the age of 11 and these aspects must have had a great impact on the way he grew up and the level of understanding that he adopted about life. He acquires the same laid back nature as his father but doesn’t believe that they are similar in anyway.
He didn’t participate in much physical activity as a teenager and was an overweight adolescent who drunk. Wether these habits were passed down or just equated on his own from other factors in his life homer didn’t care about the damages and disruption he was causing his body by not being healthy and engaging in physical activity. Another factor which has influenced Homers overall health and level of physical activity is his lack of education. Homer is a low level night class graduate and has no awareness or knowledge of the extreme importance of being healthy and engaging in physical activity.
He never takes notice of TV ads which promote good health and physical activity habits, but instead takes notice of ads regarding food and beer. Because of his lack of education, Homer is quite stupid and would eat until he gets sick and can‘t fit anymore into himself or drink until he is completely blind and passes out. Not having an education about these sorts of things has shown how bad the effects are, Homer doesn’t know and has never been taught about how to be an overall healthy person. Lifestyle is a major factor of homers overall health and physical activity level.
Homer doesn’t do exercise or eat healthy. He is a borderline alcoholic and visits his local pub, Moe’s tavern regularly. There he socialises with drunken low lives and then returns home at night drunk and tired. Homer also tends to eat a lot of junk food, especially donuts which he cannot resist. He will also eat mouldy old food if in need and doesn’t care about the quality of it or the calories it contains let alone the harmful bacteria which could be lurking inside it. Homer likes to eat at the Frying Dutchman, which he almost put out of business on its “All You Can Eat Night”.
Since then, Homer’s picture had hung in the restaurant, where he’s known as “Bottomless Pete: Nature’s Cruellest Mistake. ” Homer has a routine of getting up, going to work, going to moes then arriving home and going to bed. On the weekends Homer will occasionally engage in recreational sports or doze off in his hammock in the backyard. He will not even play a game with his children or go for a run down the street, Homer does not do exercise. Homer drives recklessly to his destinations and doesn’t care fro road rules.
He also endures in countless rick taking behaviour including riding a skateboard off a cliff or getting involved with the mafia by mistake, it is his stupidity and ignorance which get Homer into these types of situations on a regular basis. Homer has also been hospitalised on numerous occasions for various heart attacks and injuries caused by his ruthless behaviours. He depends on his wife to look after him everyday without fail which angers her occasionally. Also Homer releases his stress on his son Bart who he strangles when angry or coned for money or any other privileges.
His health is not managed properly and its effects have been shown on the show throughout its later years. Homer has priorities such as work, his family, money and drinking/eating these factors impact on his overall health and level of physical activity. Homer loves his family, and he’ll do just about anything to prove it—even if that means making himself look foolish. Homer works at Springfield’s nuclear power plant as a safety inspector, a job he secured after passing the specialized training course on his third attempt.
Not once does he consider the health-damaging side-effects of his gargantuan size, all he wants is freedom from going to work: “Oh, I’m never going to be disabled,” he moans, “I’m sick of being so healthy! “Once during a strike, Homer’s critical functions could be filled only by a brick placed on a lever. Homer doesn’t take much pride in his work and normally just sits there eating donuts while watching TV or socialising with a college. Although he was trained Homer has little idea of how to do his job this could be caused by his poor diet and lack of physical activity which keep your brain alert and ready for a days work.
Homer also sees money as a priority in life and will do close to anything to obtain it. He seems to always get conned or have to engage in some daring act before he can get his money (which he never does). Homers want for money could have been caused by his immense eating and drinking lifestyle, which is not cheap. This therefore means he may need more money to replace the loss caused by drinking and eating a lot. Homer doesn’t care about his health and believes that, being healthy is too expensive. Drinking duff beer and eating donuts or other junk foods give comfort to Homer.
He doesn’t see these things as dead objects, but he sees them as alive and wanting to be eating. In many episodes homers food will come alive and beg to be eating. Homer cannot resist and quickly gobbles down 12 donuts in one go. Another factor that influences Homers overall health and level of physical activity is the amount of motivation that he is given. Homer often receives small amounts of motivation from his family who tell him he needs to loss some weight and that he ’can’ do it if he applies himself.
Homers friends on the other hand don’t seem to notice homers weight problem, drinking problem or lack of exercise. They just take him as he is, this is mainly because most of Homers friends are a “bunch of low life’s and bums” and have the same problems and issues themselves. Marge motivates Homer stop drinking and lose weight; he tries and sometimes succeeds but then puts it back on again due to temptation from the media, friends and the environment in which he lives. Homer doesn’t believe that being obese and drinking a lot is a problem.
He doesn’t feel he needs to change and majority of the time doesn’t listen to motivation if he is told. Homers environment also plays a large part in his influence to be overall healthy and have a healthy level of physical activity. Homers pub, Moe’s tavern is local, therefore easy to get to and a temptation for him. Also not many people in homers local town engage in PA or are substanualy healthy. All homers friends are drinkers and smokers, and Homer likes to keep his image of a typical American man. Homer lives in a low socio-economic and socio-cultural environment and this has an impact on his lifestyle.
Homer has no ethics or morals about his health and isn’t ashamed to say that he is fat and stupid. There are fitness facilities surrounding Homers environment which are available to him, but he doesn’t use them. These include the gym, which in one episode, he had never heard of it and called it a “gim” and also various parks around his town. As you can see the six factors, heredity, education, lifestyle, priorities, motivation and environment have all contributed to homer being in the state he is today.
Machiavelli as a Humanist essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
A humanist is defined as one who is concerned with the interests and welfare of humans. Niccolo’ Machiavelli can be thought of as a humanist. Although opinions on this differ greatly depending on whom you speak with. Machiavelli’s life consists of so many examples and lessons that he has learned throughout his life. Through my paper, I intend to examine his perception of morality based on his political writings and life experiences. Niccolo’ Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469 and died in 1527. Although we do not know much about his early life, we know that he was educated according to the humanist ideals of the Renaissance.
He was trained at an early age by a latin teacher named Paolo da Ronciglione. He spent his youth in the city of Florence which suffered from continuous political instability. Machialvelli, a humanist, had a practical approach to politcs. He came up with the idea that “the end justifies the means”. He argued that whether a government is “good”, can only be determined by looking at whether it is effective. 5 Machiavelli worked under the Republican government led by Piero Soderini. In 1512 when the Spanish troops defeated the republican army the Medici family took over rule of Florence.
As a result Machiavelli was put into internal exile. In 1513 he was wrongly accused of conspiring against the Medici family. He was then imprisoned and tortured for several weeks. Afterwards he lived in a small town outside of Florence. It was then that he began his literary career by writing one of his most remembered and debated books called “The Prince”. It is also one of the most famous works in the history of political philosophy. His experiences as a young man were reflected in his work. “The Prince” has often been read as a book that promotes a sly and mean way of attaining political power. However, he discerns that morals are very important even though political action sometimes go beyond moral considerations. 5 He also wrote poems and plays and other well known books such as, “The Art of War”. In “The Prince”, he asks the question who is a better ruler, the one who is loved by his subjects or the one who is feared by them? 5 Machiavelli felt that it would be good to be both of them but if you had to choose then fear would be the best choice out of the two. He made observations about the conduct of political leaders and whether or not they were able to achieve their goals.
He then gave recommendations based on these considerations. It is not obvious what he expected to achieve by writing “The Prince”. According to his writings, he did not believe that Christianity should play a role in government. He believed that it hindered the states power to govern. Machiavelli asserts, the state needs to restrict the power of the church, allowing it to exercise its office only in the spiritual realm. 4 Traditional political theory incorporated “God” as a way of ensuring stability. Machiavelli did not agree with this. He believed that the power of the state was more important than the moral law of God.
One of his most famous passages from his book “The Prince” reads, “If all men were good this precept would not be a good one but as they are bad and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them. ” 4 It was because of such bold statements that “The Prince” was put on a prohibited book list by the Catholic church and possibly why today the word “Machiavellian” means devious or unscrupulous in political dealings. 4 Machiavelli believed that power is best kept intact when the ruler understands that it is power that keeps them strong and not external influences such as religion.
He did not promote violence for the sake of itself. He promoted doing whatever it took to keep the state strong and powerful. This was a view similarly shared by one of our modern day activists, Malcom X. In approximately the last 500 years “The Prince” became a favorite book of numerous political leaders such as Louis XIV, Napoleon Bonaparte and Benito Mussolini mainly due to the technical lessons to be learned from it. He used the term virtu’ in his book “The Art of War” which is a dialogue on military affairs.
It describes the great ability of a general who is able to adapt to various battlefield conditions as they present themselves. It is said that the most vilified of political thinkers is also the one of whom it has been said that he concentrated all his real and supreme values in what he called virtu’. 6 What he meant by this was that a prince would have to develop a different psychology than what he is used to. The “new” prince is “prepared to vary his conduct as the winds of fortune and changing circumstances constrain him and not deviate from the right conduct if possible, but be should be capable of ntering upon a path of wrong doing when it becomes necessary”. 7 Some ninety years ago Villari said that Machiavelli always use the word virtue in the sense of courage and energy both for good and evil. To Christian virtue in its more general meaning, he rather applied the term goodness, and felt much less admiration for it than for the pagan virtue that was always fruitful of glory. 2 Although the political life of Niccolo Machiavelli is quite interesting when analyzing his views on government and religion, his personal life and experiences were equally a representation of him as a humanist.
He was described by some as never offensive and possessing a genuine understanding of human weakness. Niccolo formed a quite distinct perception of life formulated with generosity and a passion for great deeds. He understood the life lessons of human malice. He learned this through his own personal experiences. Although Machiavelli was only nine years old at the time he remembered hearing people talk about the political events taking place involving the Medici family who ruled Florence at that time.
Cosimo de’ Medici the elder had impoverished or banished anyone who he believed due to their wealth or influence may obstuct his plans. 1 Cosimo was willing to do “whatever it took” to ensure absolute power of the state. He believed that if you want to expand your power politically you can not always follow the Christian principals of morality. Cosimo eventually died and was succeded by his son, Piero who also passed away after only 1 month as the head of the Medici regime. The regime was then headed by Piero’s two sons, Lorenzo and Giuliano.
Giuliano was later killed in a conspiracy that was created to kill him and his brother Lorenzo. Lorenzo fled to his escape. Once in his early twenties Machiavelli heard the sermons of a Dominican friar named Girolamo Savonarola. However, he did not share the views of Savonarola. Savonarola belived that the sins of a people have their roots in the behavior of princes. 8 Since Machiavelli did believe that Savonarola was a prophet albeit a liar, he always spoke of him with respect but never became one of his followers.
According to Machiavelli, Savonarola made quite a few political mistakes. He allowed the death of 5 Florentines to occur with out defending their right to an appeal by using a new law that Savonarola himself had encouraged the passage of. In reality as Machiavelli later wrote, the fact that the friar had neither endorsed their right to appeal nor condemned their execution “harmed his reputation” more than any other action. 9 After the death of Savonorola, Machiavelli was nominated as secretary of the Second Chancery which handled the dominions and foreign affairs of Florence.
His job was to keep the Signoria and the Ten informed on military and political problems so they could make appropriate decisions. He was a highly unusual chief who knew how to transform his subordinates into friends. 10 This became apparent in letters written by his subordinates. Niccolo’ had a lively curiosity and his wit brought laughter to the members of the Chancery. In July 1499, his job became increasingly difficult when he was sent on his second mission to meet Caterina Sforza Riario.
He was sent there to persuade her to accept the renewal of the contract for her son Ottaviano Riario to fight for Florence in the reconquest of Pisa without the increase of salary that she was requesting. 11 Although she liked Florence she refused. Niccolo’ then tried to convince the Signoria that Caterina would be more persuaded it they performed deeds instead of words. Deeds such as paying their old debts and offering better conditions in exchange for using her sons troops. Caterina was always concerned about “matters of honor,’ which she held “above all things. ” 12 Machiavelli undoubtedly admired her behavior.
He also admired her beauty and intelligence. He believed that he had convinced her to settle for a verbal promise instead of a written commitment, however, she soon informed him that she needed a written commitment from Florence. He was undoubtedly surprised and hurt probably due to the fact that he had already told the Signoria that she had agreed and now this made him look bad. In any case, Caterina remained without the protection of Florence, which did not lift a finger when Cesare Borgia laid siege to Forli. 13 Once her fortress was taken she was held for two weeks.
Machiavelli wrote about her again in his book called the “Discourses”. He told the story of a strong woman abducted with her children. Machiavelli also mentioned Caterina in his Art of War, when he described how she defended the fortress of Forli against Cesare Borgia. 14 His words showed deep admiration for her. She had the spirit to await an army as neither the King of England or the Duke of Milan did. 14 His memory of this countess whom he met on one of his first missions remained vivid over the years, and with his accounts of her deeds, he introduced her into legend, making her live forever. 4 Although Machiavelli is no longer shocking, he is still a subject of much debate and controversy. This is mostly due to the fact that he was misunderstood in the past. Works Cited 1. Viroli, Maurizio. Niccolo’s Smile: A Biography of Machiavelli. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. 13 2. P. Villari, Life and Times of Machiavelli, tr. Linda Villari, 4 vols(London,n. d), II, 92 3. The political Calculus: Essays on Machiavelli’s Philosopy, edited by Anthony Parel, University of Toronto Press, 1972, pp. 157-78 4. Cunningham, Lawrence S.
Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan free college essay help: free college essay help
Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan University of Phoenix Leading a nutritious and healthy lifestyle with the incorporation of exercise is the path I am currently walking on and will continue to follow in my later years. Following the healthy eating plan I currently put myself on is a step in the right direction and the many steps that will follow will be the guide to a continuous nutritional lifestyle. I am currently living with relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MS is an autoimmune disease that causes demyelination.
Demyelination occurs when there is loss of the myelin sheath that insulates the cells in the central nervous system. (Gutierrez, 2009) When an attack occurs unpredictably, it can last a couple of days to a couple of weeks, given the medication taken. The recovery time varies and the disease does not worsen in between attacks. (WebMD, 2009) Currently the disease does not come between my health and my workouts. Upon feeling weak in my muscles at times, I will slow down or completely stop temporarily.
Feeling weak does not happen often enough where it completely affects my workout, though there is no telling what the future may hold with my health and this disease. A disease I may possible develop in my later years is diabetes. My mother is currently living with it. Diabetes is a disease that is hereditary, making one at risk of developing the disease. In addition, my mother is Hispanic and my father is African American and both ethnic backgrounds make me more at risk fordeveloping diabetes. Being overweight also contributes to the development of diabetes.
I already have two strikes against me and will not allow myself to become overweight to add to the possibility of developing the disease. In addition, as one ages, the chances of developing diabetes increases. (WebMD, 2009) Understanding any disease with how it is developed to how it can be prevented helps with daily management. Coping with diabetes there are ways which can prevent the development of the disease. “?. Exercise and a healthy diet can prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance – a condition that often develops prior to full-blown type 2 diabetes. (WebMD, 2009). The incorporation of a healthy diet and if overweight, undergoing a weight loss program helps prevent diabetes. For those who already have diabetes, there are various medications one can take to regulate the blood sugar levels. Living with MS and with the possibility of developing diabetes, my diet has been re-modified. My eating habits are fairly healthy, but thediet could be better. As I make myself more aware of my health, well-being, history of family health issues and diseases, I realize that re-evaluating my diet would be wisest.
I am currently consuming nutritious foods, but not have completely done away with eating unhealthy foods. I do continue to eat fatty foods at times to satisfy my cravings but knowing that if there are no adjustments to my diet the possibilities of developing diabetes can occur. Looking at what my mother goes through with her injections and the unstableness of her sugar levels, I do not want to go through. My mom has been in and out of the hospital several times and had a near death experience because her sugar levels were low.
Diabetes is a serious disease that needs to be well managed. If diabetes is not maintained one can become extremely ill. Modifying my diet has now become a priority and following the My Pyramid Plan is what is on the agenda. With the continuance of the 45min run and following the diet indicated below, I believe I will be well on my way to losing weight and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Avoiding second helpings for a week to condition myself to overcome that habit is part of the plan, as well. The diet plan is a realistic goal for me.
To follow the goal is just a matter of mentally conditioning myself mentally to overcome the cravings. The nutritional goals I intend to follow are: Ensure my diet is low in saturated fat, cholesterol and overall reduce my sugar, salt and total fat intake. I will adjust the items I choose at the supermarket and do away with sweets by substituting it for sweet fruits. Eat a variety of foods, especially from all food groups. By choosing foods from different food groups, it brings a variety to my meal plan. Eat five servings of fruit and vegetables a day.
I intend to create a menu incorporating five servings of each and place it on my refrigerator just, so that I can consume the total daily servings. Make sure I balance my intake of calories with what I burn, so I monitor my weight loss goal. The menu I create will include a calorie count of each food, so that I can keep track of how many calories I consume against the calories I burn. This diet plan is a 2000 calorie food pattern. This plan is based on average needs for a 35 year-old female, 5 feet 3 inches tall, physically active 30 to 60 minutes a day, in the healthy weight range.
The calorie needs may be more or less than the average, so the weight should be checked regularly. If gradual weight loss is not visible, adjust the amount total intake. 1 Make Half Grains Whole Aim for at least ounces of whole grains a day. 2 Vary Veggies Aim for this much every week: Dark Green Vegetables = 3 cups weekly Orange Vegetables = 2 cups weekly Dry Beans and Peas = 3 cups weekly Starchy Vegetables = 3 cups weekly Other Vegetables = 6 1/2 cups weekly Oils & Discretionary Calories Aim for 6 teaspoons of oils a day.
Limit the extras (extra fats and sugars) to 265 Calories. (United States Department of Agriculture, 2009) Creating a diet to follow is easier planned than followed. One has to follow successfully aself planned diet, especially when there is a drastic change from unhealthy foods to healthy foods. Additionally, living in a home where others are not on a diet can be challenging. Eating with the familywhen only one individual on a diet is a challenge to one’s will power. I can say for myself that my will power is average.
Itis hard sometimes when my husband is eating a steak dinner or fried spicy hot chicken, my favorite. I will give in at times. There were situations where I completely gave in, but as I continue to educate myself, I have come to realize that sometimes cheating is not worth because it eventually catches up to one’s health in a not so good way. My approach to avoid having to deal with giving into temptation is to eat before the rest of the family doesor to eat before I leave work. That way I am not eating late nor will I be hungry by the time I come home.
Another challenge I may come across is if the Multiple Sclerosis becomes aggressivein my later years where a work out regimen may not be an option. Therapy and medication would have to be the option to handle the condition if it worsens. Depending on how bad the condition is, I may be able to incorporate some kind of exercise whether it is just walking or picking up some weights. At least there will be some kind of physical activity. Upon dealing with the progression of the disease along with age, the diet would have to be modified to suit the deficiencies I will encounter as an older woman living with MS.
Perhaps adjusting to lighter and smaller meals would be best considering there would be a possibility that I may be bound to a wheelchair which can quickly result in weight gain. In addition, with age come ailments. Seasonal changes affects the body especially the joints. I currently like to run on the treadmill and at times jog outside. Adjusting to the climate to prevent from creating additional aches and pains, indoor activity would be best. Another challenge, due to heredity would be the possibility of developing diabetes. A strictdiet would have to be in place.
Physical activity may be adjusted to being indoors. If I become hypoglycemic while outdoors there is the possibility of passing out. Rather than risk the incident, creating an activity for indoors may be best. There have been many of times where my mother has not felt well outdoors and thank goodness someone was with her during those moments. I know of a woman who died in her sleep due to the blood sugar levels being low. Being around others who live with this disease and seeing their experiencesis a wake up call to know not to play around with my health when it comes to this disease.
Diabetes is scary if one does not pay close attention to patterns of the bodily reactions (sugar levels) to particular foods; it becomes a game of Russian Rulet. As long as a healthy diet is followed with consistency the results will affect my physical well-being in a positive way. Having more energy and not feeling exhausted most of the time would be proof of how effective the diet is. With the proper foods, my intellect will also improve. I will be able to think more clearly. Additionally, seeing a consistency with weight loss on a weekly basis will show how the diet is working.
Both combinations of healthy eating and having an exercise regimen are not only effective in ways of losing weight, but also, allow one to live and feel better physically and mentally. In addition, with the incorporation of more sleep time in my schedule, it should be a major improvement in my well-being. Realizing that no matter how healthy the diet is, lack of sleep always affects one’s thinking, focus and how information is retained. On the other hand, upon not following my nutrition and exercise plan, I will continue to maintain my weight of 161lbs. and for my height itis considered overweight.
Team Leadership from a Biblical Perspective research essay help: research essay help
Servant Leadership The first thing to be considered in developing a theological understanding of team leadership is servant leadership. Servant leadership is at the heart of Christian leadership. Servant Leadership is different from servanthood. All Christians, not just leaders, are called to be servants, serving each other, following Jesus’ example in washing his disciples’ feet, and loving our neighbours as ourselves. Along with that call to servanthood is the need we each have to allow ourselves to receive from Jesus, just as he washed his disciple’s feet.
When Peter protested, Jesus told him, ‘Unless I wash you, you have no part with me. ‘ (John 13:8) In his inspiring book, Leadership: Trilogy on Leadership and Effective Management, Anthony D’Souza1 states: When discussing leadership and managerial skills, we need remind ourselves that Christian leadership essentially involves service. When we consider the church and/ or church related institutions, we grasp the concept of service. Yet when mention corporations and businesses, the word “service” sounds out of place. Part of the confusion may come from not understanding the true concept of leadership.
For many, the word leadership connotes power, authority, honour, prestige, or personal advantage. That’s not Christian Leadership. Here’s my description of Christian Leadership. It Seeks to be of service, rather than to dominate; Encourages and inspires; Respects rather than exploits others’ personalities; Reflects, prays, and acts on Jesus Christ’s words, “whoever wishes to be first among you, shall be servant, even as the son of man came not be served, but to serve and give his life as a ransom for many” (Mt 20:27).
What underpins servant leadership is the motivation behind our actions as leaders. If personal desire was the sole decision criteria, Jesus would have chosen not to go through the pain and suffering on the cross. In the garden at Gethsemane, Jesus prayed, ‘Father if you are willing take this cup from me, yet not my will, but yours, be done. ‘(Luke 22:42) The weight of the burden of taking not only our guilt but also our sins themselves, had become too heavy. Even at this point, Jesus could have got up and walked away. Jesus’ leadership modelled? servant leadership? throughout his ministry.
In the same vane, Dave Williams2, in his book, The Art of Pace Setting Leadership says: “Greatness is measured by a person’s unselfish willingness to serve others” [15:1989]. This will require us also to set aside personal gain,? to make sacrifices, and to put the needs of others above the direction we may prefer for ourselves. There are people who are highly career minded, people whose main motivation is to get themselves in a position where they will gain some reward. This is the complete opposite of the leadership Jesus demonstrated. Some may suggest that servant leaders are weak.?
However, nothing could be further from the truth. They? model integrity, where their thoughts, words and actions flow from a consistent desire. The word integrity comes from the Latin word meaning ‘whole’ or ‘complete’, as in integer, or whole number. One of the biggest reasons for leaders losing the respect of their followers is that the lack true integrity where their private lives and thoughts do not match their public statements, or that they are inconsistent, adopting principles that are popular and appropriate to the moment, rather than sticking to their underlying, but potentially unpopular, principles.?
Maintaining integrity? is not always easy! Servant leadership is not a particular style of leadership, but rather relates to the motivation behind a leader’s thoughts, words and actions. Leaders can fit any of the leadership styles described in several literature, and still be very much a servant leader. Servant leaders are not leaders on the basis of their position or leadership role, but rather lead according to their calling, vision and principles.?
One of the challenges for servant leaders is to ensure that their vision and principles are in line with others in their organisation, and therefore it is highly important for them to engage with others to develop a common vision and shared values. Whilst serving others as the heart of leadership may not appear easy, it is perhaps in one sense easier for a leader to be consistent with the vision and values that they hold for themselves, rather than always seeking to live up to an image, to constantly seek opportunities to sell themselves, or to be for ever trying to read the political signals sent out by others.
Shared Responsibility A team is a group of people coming together to collaborate. This collaboration is to reach a shared goal or task for which they hold themselves mutually accountable. A group of people is not necessarily a team. A team is a group of people with a high degree of interdependence geared towards the achievement of a common goal or completion of a task rather than just a group for administrative convenience. A group, by definition, is a number of individuals having some unifying relationship. Team members are deeply committed to each other’s personal growth and success.
That commitment usually transcends the team. A team outperforms a group and outperforms all reasonable expectations given to its individual members. That is, a team has a synergistic effect — one plus one equals a lot more than two. Team members not only cooperate in all aspects of their tasks and goals, they share in what are traditionally thought of as management functions, such as planning, organizing, setting performance goals, assessing the team’s performance, developing their own strategies to manage change, and securing their own resources.
A success or failure is felt by all members, not just the individual. Failures are not blamed on individual members, which gives them the courage to take chances. Successes are felt by every team member, this helps them to set and achieve bigger and better successes. In addition, failure is perceived as a learning lesson Strategy Strategic thinkers have a significant part to play: The men of Issachar in (1 Chron 12:32) had a place in David’s army on account of being men “who understood the times and knew what Israel should do”.?
Issachar contributes just 200 men out of a total force of 336,000, yet these men made a unique contribution. . All of the others are described as “brave warriors”, “armed for battle”, “experienced soldiers” or “armed with every type of weapon”, yet it is clear that the men of Issachar bring knowledge and insight that more than makes up for their lack of fighting force. Biblical leaders who were in tune with God were given clear strategies as to how they would achieve the goal that was set before them. Many of these required unconventional choices.
Gideon was instructed by God to restrict his numerical forces severely and to seek to cause the enemy to panic and flee, undoubtedly reducing the death toll amongst his troops. Joshua was given precise instructions as to how he should take the city of Jericho. Paul chose to follow God in appealing to stand trial in Rome before Caesar, when he could have been set free. George Barna3 [103:2001] says: Strategic leaders are analysts of reality. They observe people and situations and collect empirical information, they run it through their mental grid to arrive at conclusions about the real conditions and opportunities of the world.
They remain sufficiently detached to arrive at objective conclusions. Many strategic leaders view emotions and sensitivity and detrimental to the cause. Their allegiance is to truth and efficiency in making the vision reality. For the Christian leader, prayer not only gives us God’s perspective on what our vision should be, but also on how we should reach it: the decisions and choices necessary for reaching it.? Luke records Jesus giving the Great Commission to the apostles in Acts 1 v 8? telling them that they will be his witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.
In this case there is no clearly articulated strategy – the disciples are scattered from Jerusalem as a result of persecution, and then guided by God stage by stage. (eg Acts 8v26, 13v4) For Jonah, the strategy is clearly outlined, and Jonah is so uncomfortable at the prospect of being used by God in this way that he heads in the opposite direction with well known consequences. Christian leaders will need to trust God as they walk towards the vision, yet be willing to make bold, and possibly unconventional choices as they perceive God is leading them.
For God is in charge: “I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future. ” (Jeremiah 29:11)Yet this does not mean that Christian leaders should not carry out a strategic analysis of a situation. Luke records Jesus teaching “Suppose one of you wants to build a tower. Will he not first sit down and estimate the cost to see if he has enough money to complete it. “(Luke 14:28). George continues to say: Strategic leaders tend to be very through in their investigations and do not hesitate to ask the hard questions.
They don’t mind creating controversy, because their primary quest is to understand reality in order to develop a workable plan. Once they have amassed the facts and carefully analyzed them, strategic leaders are prone to develop creative, albeit sometimes complex solutions.  In stressing the importance of the need for full information on the leader’s part, Robert Clinton4, in his book, The Making of a Leader, emphatically says: Leaders show lack of balance by operating on partial knowledge, by manipulating of the situation, or by not balancing various guidance inputs.
Normally, major decisions will see the convergence of God’s voice in the heart (the emotional desires), God’s voice in circumstances (confirmation from mature fellow Christians in the local body in which we participate), and God’s voice in the word. It is the balance of elements that allows us to move with certainty. [146:1988] The bible gives us the principles to determine the strategy. We may or may not be given specific guidance as to how we should approach the vision; we may or may not receive this guidance at the strategic or at the tactical level.
However, just as Jesus taught the disciples to think and act according to the principles of the Kingdom, so we too can develop our understanding of the principles of the Kingdom, and their application to the mission and ministry of our organizations.? Daniel was elevated to high position in the court of Nebuchadnezzar because of his knowledge of God, and served Darius as one of three administrators. Daniel 6:3 indicates that Daniel had exceptional qualities as an administrator.? Good Team Leader In order for a team to succeed, there is need to have a good leader.
The following is an excerpt from www. teal. org. uk Commitment to people Most team members are primarily concerned about relationship and about being valued as a team member, before they are concerned about the task that the team is to undertake. Feeling secure in a group environment is an important pre-requisite before individual contribution. The good team leader is able to spend time building the team, not only when the team starts off, but when a newcomer joins an existing team. Desire to Support and Serve
Whilst team members want to see the ability to lead from the front, they are also strongly motivated by the ability to lead from the back!? Servant leadership from the team leader is vital if team members are in turn, to want to serve each other. This is a particularly key topic for Christian leaders. There is a balance to be struck between a willingness to take on any chores that need to be done by the team, and taking an inappropriate balance of roles so that the leadership is diminished. Enthusiasm, Energy, Inspiration and Expertise
Unsurprisingly team members want to be inspired and motivated by team leadership which has the energy and enthusiasm to fire them up.? However, they also want to feel secure that the team leader has themselves, or has access to,? the necessary expertise to lead the team in the right direction. The leader doesn’t have to be the most knowledgeable of the subject at hand, but if they are not, they must encourage the input of others. Willingness to shoulder responsibility. Team leaders are tested under pressure.
When challenges arise, as they inevitably will, the leader will need to take responsibility to ensure that they are fixed as far as possible and that the team is strengthened as a result. This does not mean that the leader should admit that issues beyond their control are in any way their fault, (although they should be honest in admitting their mistakes), but rather adopt a proactive stance to ensure the team is not deflected from its course. Ability to achieve more as a team. Teams only become a team once there is some synergy within the group i. e. he team process adds value to that which a disparate group of individuals would achieve undirected. ? This is likely to require the team leader to explore leadership models that share the leadership role within the team, to have an understanding of different individuals team roles, strengths and gifts, establish a mutual accountability within the team, and to create a team environment which is open, fun and allows healthy and productive discussion. A Christian Team Leader is one who inspires others to live in a Christ-like manner and lives with integrity.?
This Leader not only directs another to believe in the teachings of Jesus Christ” but also sets an example and inspires others to live as he does.? A Christian Leader helps others in need, shows their passion and love for the Lord, and is humble in all things.? A Christian Leader does not have to be a pastor, deacon, or elder of the church, it is the very people in the choir, an ambitious young adult, or a child memorizing a Bible verse, and these are the Christian Leaders.? In the book, Excellence in Leadership, John White5, [50:1986] states: Good leaders are not workaholics.
They work hard without being in bondage to work itself. They are not frightened of work. They are not frightened of delegating work. A good leader sees work as a means of achieving a specific goal. The value of work is not measured by the status of people who perform a specific type of work. All work is valued by its necessity in achieving the goal. In Nehemiah’s case the goal is to make Jerusalem defensible. To accomplish that Nehemiah both assigned the work to others and participated in the work himself.
Water Pollution homework essay help: homework essay help
Although some kinds of water pollution can occur through natural processes, it is mostly a result of human activities. We use water daily in our homes and industries, about 150 gallons per day per person in the United States. The water we use is taken from lakes and rivers, and from underground (groundwater); and after we have used it– and contaminated it– most of it returns to these locations. The used water of a community is called wastewater, or sewage. If it is not treated before being discharged into waterways, serious pollution is the result.
Historically, it has taken humanity quite a bit of time to come to grips with this problem. Water pollution also occurs when rain water runoff from urban and industrial areas and from agricultural land and mining operations makes its way back to receiving waters (river, lake or ocean) and into the ground. Stormwater is a point source that contributes to water pollution. Because impervious surfaces (parking lots, roads, buildings, compacted soil) do not allow rain to infiltrate into the ground, more runoff is generated than in the undeveloped condition.
This additional runoff can erode watercourses (streams and rivers) as well as cause flooding when the storm water collection system is overwhelmed by the additional flow. Because the water is flushed out of the watershed during the storm event, little infiltrates the soil, replenishes groundwater, or supplies stream baseflow in dry weather. Pollutants entering surface waters during precipitation events is termed polluted runoff. Daily human activities result in deposition of pollutants on roads, lawns, roofs, farm fields, etc.
When it rains or there is irrigation, water runs off and ultimately makes its way to a river, lake, or the ocean. While there is some attenuation of these pollutants before entering the receiving waters, the quantity of human activity results in large enough quantities of pollutants to impair these receiving waters. Water Pollution Management and Sustainment Plan My plan for water pollution management in the community is to develop an educational program of pollution control for the community. Hold community eetings to explain the need for water pollution management. Contact some specialist to come and speak at the community meetings. Hold educational water pollution seminars for the public and community leaders. Develop a time line for assessment of existing storm drain systems to determine need for replacement to eliminate seepage. Study peak rainfalls to determine reasonable peak flow runoff storage needs. Protect the water supply by using the proper amount of fertilizer for your lawn and garden.
Over watering of your lawn can wash away fertilizer off your lawn and into storm drains, so be sure you are watering in short amounts throughout the day. Also make sure you are not overusing fertilizer. Rain can carry this fertilizer through town drainage systems and into a nearby lake. Also make sure that when you are doing other lawn work, such as mowing or raking leaves, that you properly dispose of the waste. Although washing a few leaves down the storm drain may seem harmless, these leaves as they decompose can add harmful chemicals to the water supply.
Bag organic waste and dispose of it properly, or consider beginning a modest compost pile to use the waste as free organic fertilizer. Resist pouring paint, oil, or other chemicals down the drain in your sink. Not only can some of these chemicals harm your pipes, but they can also harm the water supply. Instead, dispose of these items using the instructions on the label. CONCLUSION Clearly, the problems associated with water pollution have the capabilities to disrupt life on our planet to a great extent.
Congress has passed laws to try to combat water pollution thus acknowledging the fact that water pollution is, indeed, a serious issue. But the government alone cannot solve the entire problem. It is ultimately up to us, to be informed, responsible and involved when it comes to the problems we face with our water. Challenges will consist of encouraging the government to enforce stronger laws against dumping. Encourage the community to become proactive about waste, and attending the community meeting. Encourage monitoring and conducting regular sites on a continuous basis.
Futurismo En Huxley scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
De estas nuevas concepciones art? sticas, nacen las llamadas “Vanguardias”. La palabra Vanguardia viene de una terminolog? a militar, denominaci? n ocupada para referirse a los de primera l? nea, los de adelante, de avanzada en un pelot? n o ej? rcito. Vanguardia por tanto, son los de avanzada, los que se adentran (primero) en un territorio desconocido. Dentro de las Vanguardias, el primer movimiento consolidado es el Futurismo, que se despliega en Par? s a trav? s de un manifiesto firmado por el italiano Filippo Marinetti, publicado en el diario Le F? garo, el 20 de febrero de 1909.
En Par? s porque sigue siendo, en ese entonces, la guarder? a de todo brote cultural, en parte por su reconocida m? stica, y en parte por su c? ntrica posici? n geogr? fica que le permite recibir y exportar influencias culturales. En este primer manifiesto, propone una ruptura con el clasicismo acad? mico y quiere crear una est? tica proyectada al futuro y ligada tem? ticamente a la tecnolog? a moderna en sus aspectos m? s din? micos. El Futurismo capta la velocidad. Para Marinetti: “La velocidad es la fuente de toda belleza” y a? ade: “Un autom? vil de carreras es m? hermoso que la Victoria de Samotracia”. (Marinetti, 1978: 130), disponible en l? nea). Rompe con est? ticas anteriores, deshumaniza al humano, idolatra la m? quina: “No ten? amos Se? ora ideal [? ] Nada por quien morir, sino es por el deseo de desprendernos al fin de nuestro valor audaz” (Marinetti, 1978: 127) Se plantean once puntos que constituyen el cuerpo del Manifiesto, de los cuales, uno se? ala que “El Tiempo y el Espacio han muerto ayer” (Marinetti, 1978: 130), tomando como par? metro la velocidad y partiendo del concepto de dinamismo universal de Bergson.
El futurismo aboga por una destrucci? n de lo antiguo, de lo establecido, por una libertad que consiste en liberarse de las cargas sociales y vivir en peligro. El Manifiesto es rudo, crudo, violento; y es uno de sus principales rasgos: la violencia: “Queremos glorificar la guerra- ? nica higiene del mundo [? ] combatir la moralidad” (Marinetti, 1978: 130-131) y sigue: “El arte no puede ser m? s que violencia, crueldad e injusticia” (Marinetti, 1978: 135) “Los futuristas llevaron la glorificaci? n de la tecnolog? a moderna a un extremo grotesco y autodestructivo” (Berman, 1991:19)
Lo que Marinetti y sus seguidores llamaron Futurismo es tanto un repudio al pasado como una preocupaci? n exacerbada y de adoraci? n por los augurios del futuro. Para los futuristas, el futurismo era una filosof? a de vida con grandes preocupaciones pol? ticas y fundada en el rechazo de un conjunto de fuerzas que cre? an obstaculizantes del crecimiento y la modernizaci? n de Italia, de ah? a la idea de destrucci? n. En este contexto podemos destacar que aunque Marinetti public? su Primer Manifiesto en Par? s, era italiano y en esta ? poca, las naciones estaban reci? n surgiendo como naciones propiamente tal, y es por esta raz? que se impregna de progresismo todo el arte, de un nacionalismo pogresista; no de un progreso mundial sino localista. Italia ha sido una de las zonas m? s productivas art? sticamente, la cuna de la Modernidad, del Renacimiento y sus huellas han quedado all?. Los futuristas luchan contra todo ese pasado en pro del progreso, la velocidad “porque queremos librar a nuestro pa? s de su gangrena de profesores, de arque? logos, de cicerones y anticuarios. Italia ha sido durante muchos a? os la bolsa de chamarilleros, y nosotros queremos desembarazarla de sus museos innumerables, que la cubren de innumerables cementerios” (Marinetti, 1978: 132).
En este vasto marco nos centramos para ocuparnos de la novela futurista “Un mundo feliz” de Aldous Huxley que intentar? abordar desde el futurismo como una antiutop? a social vinculada al fascismo. El fascismo, en tanto, es una ideolog? a (principalmente) nacida en Italia, que “parece ser una especie de respuesta a la crisis estructural y coyuntural que azota a las sociedades capitalistas europeas en el periodo de entreguerras. El fascismo se presenta, por tanto, como un arma de combate, que se pretende absoluta, en la lucha contra las clases explotadas. El fascismo propone los principios de una estrategia pol? ica: liquidaci? n total y definitiva del movimiento obrero mediante la destrucci? n del bolchevismo, instauraci? n de un Estado totalitario conservando un orden jer? rquico inexorable que aplaste definitivamente a las masas, con intenciones de expansi? n imperialista declaradas y justificadas. El fascismo propone una soluci? n radical frente al comunismo, y signific? una nueva y aterradora realidad para las clases explotadas” (Bourderon, disponible en l? nea) II. Un mundo Feliz, de Aldous Huxley
Dunkin Donuts to India online essay help: online essay help
Dunkin Donuts to India India’s economy is growing rapidly and with the country’s interests coming together with U. S. interests the opportunity for companies to enter into this market is also growing. While many fast food businesses have recently opened in India, there may be no uniform way to enter into the country. For Dunkin Donuts to become a powerful food chain in India we must look at different entry strategies such as exporting, importing, joint venture, and foreign direct investment. Our company is a franchise that has seen growth all over the world.
While exporting a franchise to India is a billion dollar industry in the country, it only accounts for 3% of India’s market. Although franchises are a small part of the market the risk of opening a one is relatively low and is an ideal investment for entrepreneurs in the country. Even with our strong brand recognition, there also needs to be an understanding of the diverse cultures and tastes that exist in India. In metro cities retail space can be expensive and the quality of the space is somewhat poor.
There is also lack of legal structure with no specific laws on franchising. Even with these cons, exporting franchises is becoming the popular entry to reach the Indian consumer (“India Country Commercial Guide”). Although there are no specified laws when it comes to exporting a franchise to India, licensing has many key laws that affect doing business in India including the Competition Act of 2002, the Trademarks Act of 1999, the Consumer Protection Act of 1986, and other labor and tax laws.
Before an agreement is made an Indian court must decide if the contract is reasonable and if it is in the public’s best interest. The licensee must also not release confidential information about the licensor. There are also laws that promote healthy competition and protect the licensor’s trademark. With such strong restrictions put into place, doing a license with a local business may be a safer way for our company to penetrate India’s market. However, we would be limiting ourselves on market control and putting it in the hands of the licensee (Anand).
Joint ventures are also popular in India, but all ventures must have government approval which can be obtained through the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). This can take a long time to process because a mistake in a joint venture can be costly. The partner’s long term expectations and roles must be clearly defined and examined (“India Country Commercial Guide”). Although this entry strategy will lower the financial risk our company will be taking, it is not necessarily the type of strategy that we have previously used when entering other countries.
For years, India has not allowed foreign direct investment in the retail market. There are over 12 million mom-and-pop stores dominating this industry. In 2006, the Indian government implemented new rules which allow single brand retail chains to own 51%. Since then several international companies have entered the market including housewares, apparel, and cosmetics. Even with these new rules, foreign fast food chains that have entered India found it hard to compete with current Indian fast food chains (Rao)
History of Education essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax
In the decades that made up the fifties, sixties, and seventies numerous events that would paint the canvas of American education took place. Equality was an idea that some thought we would never see. Civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr. saw this idea of equity as an obtainable dream that was in the hearts of all Americans. Though desegregation and the fair treatment of African Americans was at the forefront of the civil rights movement, there were several issues that would be brought to the attention of law makers, federal judges, and the education system.
Such issues included segregation, bilingual students, and special needs education. In 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the opinion of the court in one of the most influential cases to ever be presented on the floor of the Supreme Court: “? it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms. 1 This ruling, made in the case of Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, KS, effectively overturned a decision made in the 1896 Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson. For nearly sixty years, it had been considered constitutionally justified to segregate the public education system. The opinion delivered by Chief Justice Warren served as a platform from which the Civil Rights Act (CRA) of 1964 would be propelled. Before this would occur, many obstacles would have to be conquered. On September 2, 1957 Arkansas Gov.
Orval Faubus defied a federal court order to desegregate public schools by dispatching the State National Guard unit to prevent 9 African American students from entering Central High School. It wasn’t until a federal judge had issued an injunction against the Governor’s use of National Guard troops and President Dwight D. Eisenhower had dispatched one thousand Army troops to the school that the students were able to attend their first day on September 25. Shortly thereafter, the case of Cooper v. Aaron was presented to the Supreme Court.
The request by the Little Rock Arkansas School Board to temporarily suspend their plan to desegregate was denied. It was the thought of the Chief Justices that if this request was granted it would be the first of many attempts to delay desegregation thereby further hindering the education of African American students. Subsequent Supreme Court decisions in cases such as Green v. Kent County School Board (1968), U. S. v. Montgomery County (1969), and Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg (1971), were all in support of desegregation.
Title IV of the CRA of 1964 called for the desegregation of public schools. Title VI assured nondiscrimination when funds were distributed to federally assisted programs. Years of turmoil and strife led to the 1974 Equal Education Opportunities Act (EEOA). The EEOA provided that no state could deny equal education based on race, color, sex or national origin. The EEOA pointed out a set of students that had been previously overlooked. Those of different national origin also had a different native language. The case of Lau v. Nichols addressed the needs of bilingual students.
It was ruled that school districts must provide remedies for non-English speaking students. The ASPIRA Consent Decree of the same year required that Limited English Proficient (LEP) students must be taught, at least partly, in their native language. A year later, in 1975, the National Association of Bilingual Education was founded proving that we had taken another step towards equity in education. One of the most overlooked issues of the time period was the special needs student. Samuel Kirk coined the term “learning disability” at a Chicago conference in 1963.
A year later, the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities was formed. Later, it became known as the Learning Disabilities Association of America. It was some seven years later in 1971 when the Supreme Court ruled that students with mental retardation are entitled to a free public education. The case of Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) v. Pennsylvania served as a catalyst to bring to the public eye the needs of the mentally handicapped. The next year, Mills v the Board of Education of Washington, D. C. extended the ruling of PARC v.
Pennsylvania to include students with disabilities. This ruling also required that educational alternatives must be provided that fit the child’s needs. The Rehabilitation Act, which became law in 1973, required accommodations in school including participation in programs and activities as well as access to buildings. Section 504 of this act guaranteed people with disabilities would enjoy civil rights in the context of federally funded institutions. 504 plans are used today in place of Individualized Education Programs (IEP’s) for those students who do not qualify for special education.
The Education of All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142) became law in 1975. This law required free and appropriate public education (FAPE) that was suited to meet a student’s individual needs. If we look at this era as a whole, it’s a lot to take in. Several monumental legislative actions were taken to ensure that all students were granted an opportunity to receive an adequate education. We often times look at these decades and think only of the racial implications. We do it a great injustice if we do not take into account the other areas that were significantly impacted.
Due to the outspoken nature of critics of a broken education system, we now have a system in place that takes into consideration the needs of all students. Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, president of Notre Dame University and a member of the Civil Rights Commission, said it best in the Commission’s 1961 annual report: “Americans might well wonder how we can legitimately combat communism when we practice so widely it’s central folly: utter disregard for the God-given spiritual rights, freedom and dignity of every human person. ” 2
Selection and Recruitment summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help
This paper will analyze the theoretical principles behind the relevant screening and selection method and then apply the theories to the Jandal Air Call Centre. The first section of this paper defines and describes the key concepts of validity, predictive validity, utility and reliability and then investigating the nature of call centre work and identifying the key competencies required in the Jandal Air Call Centre. The second section will critically evaluates the selection methods such as application blanks, biographical data, resumes and cover letters, reference checks and initial interviews.
The third section will analyze and evaluate the selection methods of personality tests including service orientation inventories, cognitive testing, work samples, integrity tests, structure interviews and assessment centre’s. This paper concludes with a final screening and selection plan for the Jandal Air Call Centre and considers its implementation. Organization’s major challenge in the rapidly changing work environment is designing and managing successful staffing processes. (Heneman & Judge, 2006).
Organizations use external or internal recruitment methods to get the best possible candidate in order to achieve their goals and objectives. Legge (1995), argues that the integration and internal consistency of human resource systems is very important for organizational success. Thus he says that the selection and recruitment processes are the foremost part of finding and identifying potential candidates. Success in securing appropriate and skilled employees sets upper limits on potential organizational performance, however good the management and development of that workforce be (Wolf & Jenkins, 2006).
Heneman and Judge (2006), suggest that although costs need to be considered in evaluating assessment methods, more consideration should be given to the fact that valid selection measures pay off and will return many times their cost. Firms that are less selective or hire lower-skilled employees are likely to experience significant effects on productivity, while hiring a mismatched employee can result in poor performance and higher turnover rates (Batt, 2002).
The importance of careful selection is punctuated in the case of front-line service roles, as these employees are situated at the organizational-customer interface, representing the organization to customers (Ashforth & Humphery, 1993). However, according to Hays Recruitment (2009), due to the current economic climate, pressure to maximize sales and revenue has created demand for experienced telesales consultants, while the need to maintain customer bases has created demand for capable customer service representatives.
Selectors need to be aware of how well particular methods predict future performance which is the validity and of the different methods cost, relative to the increased accuracy they bring which the utility (Wolf & Jenkins, 2006). In staffing, there is a concern with the validity of predictors both in terms of accuracy of measurement and accuracy of prediction (Heneman and Judge, 2006). It is important to use predictors that are an accurate representation of the knowledge, skills and other abilities (KSAOs) to be measured.
In order to assess the various screening and selection methods we must first understand the key concepts of validity, reliability and utility. According to Heneman and Judge (2006), validity refers to the accuracy of measurement and accuracy of prediction, as reflected by the scores obtained from a measure. That is the strength of the relationship between a predictor and job performance; the degree to which we are measuring what we think we are measuring.
Models of the Criminal Justice System english essay help: english essay help
The crime control model and the due process model of the criminal justice system in use today seem only to have one thing in common. That is that each model obviously wishes to control crime. Each model seems to be like day and night as far as how that goal is met. The differences in these models are outstanding. Every step along the road to controlling crime is quite the opposite of each other. The major difference is how the criminal and criminal act is dealt with. The crime control model wishes to get the matter dealt with as quickly as possible whether or not all the proper steps to proving guilt have taken place.
The due process model wishes to take the time to have all rights and responsibilities accounted for. In addition, the crime control model allows for the brunt of the responsibilities to be carried out by law enforcement, while the due process model expects that evidence be handled correctly and provided in a trial where the judge and jury have the authority. The moral value of each process is quite different as well. The basic principles surrounding penalty for a criminal are set at opposite ends of a spectrum between the models.
The crime control model has no time to believe a criminal can change and suggests that the penalties should be severe, to include use of capital punishment. The due process model hopes to see the criminal rehabilitated and put back into society and disagrees with death as a suitable punishment. The crime control model holds the individual completely responsible for their actions no matter what the case may be. The due process model allows for human error basing crime on other standards such as age, demographics, or social standing.
I do not feel that either model could survive on its own. I absolutely believe that it has to be an even mix of the two. Both models are to extreme and separate. An individual, criminal or not should have the right to a trial with proper evidence one-way or the other. I do personally agree with the use of capital punishment but it should only be used in extreme cases. I also believe that humans do make mistakes and some are perfectly capable of realizing that mistake and should be given the opportunity to go through some sort of rehabilitation process.
As far as who should have the control in deciding the innocence or guilt and punishment when needed, it should be a group effort. Law enforcement should have the duty of obtaining evidence in a manner that does not infringe upon anyone’s rights and that evidence should be made available during a fair trial where a judge and jury decides the outcome. While both sides of each model have good reasoning and effectiveness, I cannot agree with one all the way.
Inside Criminal Law essay help services: essay help services
Running head: INSIDE CRIMINAL LAW Inside Criminal Law Robert Godin Axia University of Phoenix Inside Criminal Law The first main function of criminal law is protect and punish. It is also known as the legal function. The main function of this legal function is to uphold social order by protecting the citizens from criminal harm. There are two types of criminal harm. The first is harm caused to individual people both to themselves and their property. These crimes can be from murder, assault, theft or even arson.
The second harm can be cause to everyone by unsafe foods, contaminated city drinking water, poorly maintained sewage and unsafe buildings. The second main function of criminal law is maintain and teach also know as the social function of the law. This function of criminal law provides laws that make penalties for crimes that are wrong morally but do not cause any type of harm to anyone with the exception to maybe a persons family members. Some people believe that criminal laws do not just say what is expected of the people but also criminal laws teach people also. Laws change over time to fit how society looks upon things.
Take sodomy for example; Sodomy is a illegal and a criminal law but we see more and more now, married couples committing this act. Also look at the “porn” industry, they make a lot of movies and take many pictures of two people committing sodomy but it is now accepted by many in our society. There are four written sources of criminal law. One of the sources is the U. S. Constitution. The others include statutory law, administrative law, and case law. The Constitutional law is based on the U. S Constitution and the constitutions of each state. A constitutional law is the supreme law and all other laws are based off of the constitutional law.
If a law is considered unconstitutional, it will not be enforced and will be erased. Statutes are passed by legislative bodies at any level of government. Federal statutes are laws that are passed by Congress and become federal laws. State statutes are laws that are passed by the state legislature and those that are passed become state laws. There are also laws that are passed by both cities and counties which are called ordinances. An example of a city ordinance is no person shall ride a skate board on the sidewalk in the downtown area of the city.
A administrative law is a law that is passed by a federal, state, or local government agency which is created to perform a particular job. Some examples of these agencies are Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). OSHA watches over the safety and health of all the workers in the U. S. If a company is not giving the proper amount of breaks or is not trying to provide a safe working environment for its employees, OSHA steps in and penalizes the company for the wrong doing.
The EPA is in charge of protecting our environment. If a company is disposing chemicals incorrectly the EPA is in charge of penalizing the company for the specific violation. The FDA controls the foods and drugs that are created in the U. S. All foods and drugs in the U. S. must go through the FDA for approval first before they are shipped out of factories. If the FDA finds something wrong an item, they are responsible to make sure that item does not get distributed to people in the U. S. A justification defense can be Duress.
Duress occurs when a person is threatened by another person to commit a crime which the person would not normally commit. In order to be able to use duress as a defense, there are certain requirements that must be met. The first requirement is the threat must be of either serious bodily harm or of death. The second is the threat to the person must be more severe than the crime that is going to be committed by the person. Next, the threat must me instant and unavoidable. Finally the person being threatened must have committed the crime because they were forced against their will to commit it.
An excuse defense can be voluntary intoxication. A person can say they were intoxicated by either drugs or alcohol when they committed the crime and were not in the right frame of mind when it occurred. The down fall of this is the person that was intoxicated at the time of the crime voluntarily became intoxicated by consuming too much alcohol or taking illegal drugs. If this person would not have consumed alcohol or took illegal drugs, the crime would not have committed. The Bill of Rights has provided the foundation for common safeguards of the accused in the U. S. ince it was established. The safeguards that were given to the people are of the following. 1. The Fourth Amendment protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures. 2. The Fourth Amendment requires that no warrants for a search or an arrest can be issued without probable cause. 3. The Fifth Amendment requires that no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the “due process” of law. 4. The Fifth Amendment prohibits double jeopardy from occurring. 5. The Fifth Amendment guarantees that no one can be required self incriminate himself or herself. . The Sixth Amendment guarantees a person a speedy trial, a trial by jury, a public trial, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a lawyer at different periods of criminal trials. 7. The Eighth Amendment prohibits excessive bails and fines and cruel and unusual punishments. At first the Bill of Rights offered people protection only against the federal government. Since then, the common safeguards for the Bill of Rights have been put in effect by state governments as well as more protection which was granted by the passing of the fourteenth amendment.
Both the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments say that no one should be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law. This says that the government can not take away these items without having justifiable reason to do so. The decision can not be based on just an individuals judgment when making that decision. (Inside Criminal Law) Reference (2006). Inside Criminal Law. In Criminal Justice in Action: The Core (pp. 76-91). : Thomson Learning, Inc.
Economic Recession in India essay help cheap: essay help cheap
As it was started in US and now it’s touching the boundary of India also. Recession is a phase in which rupee depreciate, cash crunches, money market slowdown, inflation comes. All in all it’s become difficult to bring money from the pocket of an individual. As we know price of the steel, iron goes up, we would like to postpone our purchasing but if we won’t spend, how producer could makes his bread. If the producer starts reducing the price of the commodity with such belief that customer buy the product in all case.
This will bring only when he starts cutting its cost of production. Cost cutting means reduction in variable cost. As price of steel, iron, equipments, machinery, are touching sky, only way to reduce the cost is the reduction in employees. Hence people fear of their job security. In fear of the job security, people are generally shifting their purchasing. All of them either producer, investor, customer, employee posing each other to create recession Negative Aspect of Recession on Indian Economy As recession have various negative effects on Indian economy.
The capital market was facing the downfall, liquidity is dropping down, an individual don’t have money to spend, producers are increasing their price, but to cope with market they are creating deployment. Positive effect of recession on Indian economy The recession in US led to decrease in demand of products, reduces the price of crude oil. Foreign investors who were not able to find a good return, facing Indian like country, so foreign currency is coming. SURVIVAL STRATEGIES Government step: Government of India can took various steps to bear the pressure of recession.
The RBI by reducing the cash reserve ratio can float the money in market, so the liquidity crisis can be faced. And also it can remove burden of VAT on the business class. The government on Jan 5 released Rs. 800 crore to be paid to exporters as duty drawback. If government under its some scheme allows people to convert their black money into white money through investment will also help in boosting liquidity solution. Survival strategies for an Individual An individual when faces recession time, finds him unable to do anything. But an individual has a great power to reduce the effect of inflation.
Firstly an individual pay off its all debts, if any. Secondly he has planned his whole budget on monthly basis, on what product he has spent now, and things of which purchasing can be postponed. Survival strategies for investors The recession affects the stock market badly. The slowdown in capital market, tensed the investor. The investors now plugging back their money due to fear of recession. An investor after seeing the situation of US, obviously will behave in such manner. In this phase investor has to follow the policy of ‘wait and watch’. For compensating the risk he can diversify his portfolio.
Survival strategies for an employee Unemployment is the worst situation emerges due to recession. This has created fear in the mind of employee either the company will retain him or he has to switch to another one. But there is advice to employee this is not a right time to change the job. Stick to your job and try to find your actual worth in the company. Survival strategies for an employer/Business The businessman is finding impossible for them to stand in recession. The export industry, the IT industry, agriculture sector, banking services, are finding hard to earn bread.
So an employer has to change their policy. Firstly retain your existing customer then go for potential one. Prepare your expenditure chart daily. Instead of retrenchment, change the salary package. Motivate your employees for doing hard work. Convince them for long working hour. To reduce the risk, segment your market. Daily calculate the inflow and outflow of cash from the organization. Keep in touch the changes government made in economic policy.
Liquidity Ratio and Profitability Ratio Report free essay help online: free essay help online
Report Introduction: Any successful business the owners is always calculate the performance of the company, comparing it with the company’s historical figures, with its industry competitors, and even with successful businesses from other industries. To complete a thorough examination of your company’s effectiveness, however, I will calculate the statement of financial performance and statement of financial position, so I need to look at more than just easily attainable numbers like sales, profits, and total assets.
I must be able to read between the lines of the financial statements and make the seemingly inconsequential numbers accessible and comprehensible. This very big data overload could seem astounding. Luckily, many well-tested ratios out there make the task a bit less daunting. Comparative ratio analysis helps you identify and quantify of the desert hotel company’s strengths and weaknesses, evaluate its financial position, and understand the risks you may be taking. As with any other form of analysis, comparative ratio techniques are not definitive.
Numerous off the balance sheet and income statement factors can play a role in the success or failure of a company. This discussion contains descriptions and examples of the eight major types of ratios used in financial analysis: Profitability, Liquidity, short-term liquidity and Long-Term Analysis Ratios are highly important profit tools in financial analysis that help financial analysts implement plans that improve profitability, liquidity, financial stability and management efficiency for the business.
Stusy of Organisation Climate of Tata Steel buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help
Organizational climate is shared perception of the way things are around the organization. It is individual perception and cognitive representation of the work environment both. Organizational climate is comprised of mixture of norms, values, expectations, policies and procedures that influence work motivation, commitment and ultimately, individual and work unit performance. Positive climate encourages, while negative climates inhibits discretionary effort. ‘Organizational climate’ refers to the quality of working environment.
Every organization is different and has a unique feeling and character beyond its structural characteristics. Thus every organization deals with its member in a distinct way through its policies on allocations of resources, communication pattern, reward and penalty, leadership and decision making style, etc. The organizational policy and conviction with regard to all these and a cluster of other related activities influence the feelings, attitudes and behavior of its members and results in the creation of the unique organizational climate.
Organizational climate has a major influence on human performance through its impact on individual motivation and job satisfaction. It does this by carrying certain kinds of expectancies about what consequences will follow from different actions. Individuals in the organization have certain expectations and fulfillment of these expectations depend upon their perception as to how the organizational climate suits to the satisfaction of their needs. Thus organizational climate provides a type of work environment in which individuals feels satisfied or dissatisfied.
Since satisfaction of individual goes a long way in determining his efficiency, organizational climate can be said to be directly related with his performance in the organization. Organizational climate studies data relating to individual perception of organizational properties in identifying organizational climate. Denison (1996) argues that developing a universal set of dimensions was often the central issue of the climate researchers so that comparative studies could be made possible in different organizational settings.
He compared this approach to that of the culture research that used a post-modem perspective which examined the qualitative aspects of individual social contexts where each culture that was seen as unique and was not expected to have general qualities which had become central to the climate research. Jones and James (19790 argued that one of the assumptions of the climate literature is that a relatively limited number of dimensions could characterize a wide cross-section of social settings. Jones and James labeled their factors as follows: Conflict and ambiguity’, which ‘reflected perceived conflict in organizational goals and objectives, combined with ambiguity of organizational structure and roles, a lack of interdepartmental cooperation, and poor communication from management. Also included were poor planning, inefficient job design, a lack of awareness of employee needs and problems, and a lack of fairness and objectivity in the rewards process. ’ ‘Job challenge, importance and variety’, which ‘reflected a job perceived as challenging, which involve a variety of duties, including dealing with other people.
The job was seen as providing autonomy and feedback, and demanding high standards of quality and performance. ’ ‘Leader facilitation and support’, which ‘reflected perceived leader behaviors such as the extent to which the leader was seen as helping to accomplish work goals by means of scheduling activities, planning, etc. , as well as the extent to which he was perceived as facilitating interpersonal relationships and providing personal support. ’ ‘Workgroup cooperation, friendliness, and warmth’, which ‘generally described relationships among group members and their pride in the workgroup. ‘Professional and organizational esprit’, which ‘reflected perceived external image and desirable growth potential offered by the job. Also included were perceptions of an open atmosphere to express one’s feelings and thoughts, confidence in the leader, and consistently applied organizational policies, combined with non-conflicting roles expectations and reduced job pressure. ’ ‘Job standards’, which ‘reflected the degree to which the job was seen as having rigid standards of quality and accuracy, combined with inadequate time, manpower, training and resources to complete the task. 2.
Supply & Demand, and Price Elasticity popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help
Supply & Demand, and Price Elasticity All things in our society are connected in some way, for example, how humans relate to each other. Complex ideas and analysis are not without their own set of unique connections. The intricate theories of economics are a prime example of this connection. To gain an accurate understanding of how supply and demand are connected, and its role within the market, one must analyze the functions of each as separate entities, and how they relate to economics as a whole.
To begin analysis, one must examine what causes change between supply and demand. Once this has been achieved, investigating how changes in price and quantity influence market equilibrium, and how the necessity of a good and the availability of substitutions impact price elasticity will need to be conducted. The final step will be to compare and contrast market systems and the role of an economist within these systems. In order to discover what causes change in supply and demand, people need to understand the definition, different forms, components, and principles.
Supply is defined as the amount of product a producer is willing to provide or sell, while demand is the amount of product a buyer is willing to receive or buy. There are two forms of supply: individual and market. Individual supply is the amount of product offered at different prices at a given time by a seller. Market supply is the amount of the product in the marketplace. The components of supply are the price of the product, the price of input goods, the state of technology, taxes and subsidies, and expectations about the future market price.
An example of a cause that would change supply is the change in the cost of supplies and resources: if the cost goes up, producers will decrease their supply. The law of supply is the amount of the products offered by the sellers, directly related to prices of all things being equal (ceteris paribus). There are two forms of demand similar to supply: individual and market. Individual demand is the quantity of the product or service that one plans to buy at different prices at a given time. Market demand is the sum of people’s demand in the marketplace.
Just like supply, demand has its own determinants such as the price of the goods, the price of substitute goods, the price of complementary goods, tastes and preferences, a consumer’s income, and expectations about the future. An example of a cause that would affect demand is the change from a higher or lower income. This would cause an increase or decrease in demand. The law of demand is the quantity inversely related to the price, ceteris paribus. Oftentimes in supply and demand, pricing affects every aspect that goes along with it; if pricing stays stable, consumers will be able to purchase equal amounts of products.
A family’s income creates a demand for the amount of products that are used on a weekly basis. When price increases, consumers tend to buy less of a particular good creating a demand curve. Depending on the consumer who notices pricing starting to rise, they will purchase extra goods to help them save money until the price lowers. This frequently affects the way things are sold in our local markets. If a change in demand exists, people will use substitute items because of cost. The use of a substitute item will shift the demand curve and will create a new demand curve with the substitute item taken into account.
Additionally, prices change due to market value which impacts the consumer. Availability of certain goods helps keep prices low which influences market equilibrium because consumers will be able to purchase more goods. When a shortage of goods exists, this also affects the markets equilibrium because as prices go up, purchasing becomes less and the consumer only gets a portion of what they would normally pay for that good at the same price. The necessity of a good for a consumer can be determined by the following variables: price, substitution cost, complimentary goods, income, taste/preferences, and expectations.
Elasticity of demand can be summarized the measure of how responsive consumers are to a change in price. If the price of the good goes up, the consumer will buy less of the good, if the price of the desired good decreases, the consumer will purchase more of that good. This concept applies to all the variables listed above. A change in price in either direction is going to affect the consumer’s decision to acquire the good. A good way to look at all the variables is isolating each variable to determine the effect of each with respect to the elasticity price.
The key to elasticity is that it is a unit-less measure. The exact number of units does not matter; the ratio of the percentage changes in quantity divided by the percentage change in price. Additionally, time and budget percentages are variables of elasticity price. The longer a consumer has to look for an option to buy the good will determine the effect of the result to elasticity price. A product that requires a large percentage of the consumer’s budget will make the good elastic.
The above variables are examples of how necessity of a good can affect the price elasticity of a product. A competitive market is a group of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service which the individual buyer or seller has no impact on the price of the traded good or service. In the market there are two main systems: demand curve and supply curve. The demand curve shows the relationship between the prices of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase in a given period, assuming all other variables stay constant.
The supply curve shows the relationship between the price of a good or service and the quantity of the good that producers are willing and able to supply to the market in a given period, assuming all other variables stay constant. The economist uses models to determine the competitive equilibrium and to define the comparative statics in a market. The economist, in these systems, uses the data to allocate resources in the most efficient way while reducing waste. The supply of goods and services and demand for goods and services are the two forces that make the market economies work.
There are similarities between these two forces — they both show the relationship between the price of the good and the quantity of that good. The future expectation of the market affects both curves. Supply and demand connect when their quantity and their price meet. A competitive equilibrium exists if the quantity demanded by the consumers meets the quantity supplied by the sellers, The competitive equilibrium point is determined by the demand and the supply forces, it is the point from which the market has no incentive to move.
The demand curve is based on the price of the good, the price of complimentary goods, the price of substitute goods, the consumer’s income, the consumer’s taste and preferences, and the future expectations; it is derived from the consumer’s behavior. The supply curve is based on the price of the good, the price of the ingredients to make the good, the technology that is used to make the good, the taxes and subsidies imposed on the good, and the future expectation; it is derived from the seller’s behavior. The economist collects information, analyzes it, and devises theories in an attempt to learn how the world works.
These theories rely heavily on the demand and the supply in a given market. These particular systems determine the competitive equilibrium and define the comparative statics in a market. The competitive equilibrium assist in reducing chaos in the market and in better allocating resources. In conclusion, identifying the concepts behind supply and demand will help one understand its role in economics. Additionally, this knowledge will assist in shaping the habits and decisions consumers are faced with on a daily basis. Having examined the factors listed above, one will have a more astute understanding of the connectedness of supply and demand.
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