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Evaluation on Facebook global history essay help

Facebook and Users The booming generation of Facebook has caused users to become self absorbed, narcissistic, and has enabled users to disconnect from the outside world and loose touch with reality. Facebook has weakened communities and detached users from the Real world. many people think they have two hundred friends when they really only have two. Initially the website was created for college students to connect and interact with one another. Now it has become a world-wide social network of people portraying themselves as showoffs that found a way to rub it into others noses.

With many on-line users, people have wasted their time looking at what others have, instead of making things happen for themselves, creating users with green envy. It perpetuates a chain of chauvinistic users and a self-absorbed societies. The college website has turned global and is continuaslly changing as technology advances and Facebook grows. Now we see that addiction has become a problem for users with features offered to lure users to this social networking website, making it easily accessible with new APPS (applications) by a touch of an I Pad or P.

D. A. capabilities. In a poll from 2011 Facebook Statistics, Stats, and Facts posted on January 18th, 2011 from digitalbuzzblog. com, inver two hundred million people access Facebook via their mobile phone. lt also added, Eith over five hundred million users, Facebook is now used by one in every thirteen people on earth, with over two hundred fifty million of them (over 50%) who log in every day(digitalbuzzblog. com). Even in todayfi world we see students and employees disconnected from their daily activities and duties into an alternate, fixed, reality.

Student and employees’ productivity has been effected by poor time management of Facebook usage. According to wane. com, published on October 2, 2013, fitatista an internet statistics company conducted a survey which showed twenty-nine percent of Americans use Facebook during work hours every day. ” Another problem with Facebook is when we look at profiles and find that people tend to show how wonderful they are, making it a competition between who has more desirable things. With the influx of, percent of the entire user base being thirty-five years or older(digitalbuzzblog. m), all portrayals of egotistical manners is apparent in the portrayals of their lives and what they have achieved, creating an influenza of Jealous users. People are showing off, boastfully talking about their extravagant lives, vacations, and their list of aristocratic friends. Facebook users have raided its abilities and features, creating a flow of addicted users with, 8% of 18-34 year olds, check Facebook when they wake up, and 28% do so before even getting out of bed(digitalbuzzblog. com).

Aside from the defaults of Facebook, it does give users the chance to reconnect ith old friends and families, share photos, videos, and post personal information about themselves. It also allows the ability to search, view others pages, and chat by video, live from across the globe. Video chat has been a lea way for families separated by distance, which can save anyone a lot of money rather than paying for share special or common interests, and build on-line communities. People also use it to network for Jobs and/or promote their businesses or organizations.

In addition, the disadvantage to Facebook is people preferring to use internet ather than the old fashion, *ace to Face. According to the Facebook statistic of 2011 , *ifty-seven percent of people talk to people more online than they do in real life(digitalbuzzblog. com). Humans are loosing the skill of connecting with one another live because of the trend of connecting using the latest technologies. The emotion and the art of capturing body language has dissipated with automated systems and robots. With such services, we can guarantee our future to be unpredictable and emotionless. Even causing people to become naive.

For example, *orty-eight ercent of young Americans said they find out about news through Facebook(digitalbuzzblog. com). Not knowing if what they read is true or not, users automatically assume it is because of it being on Facebook and also due to their trust for their beloved website. For example, in summer of 2013, a fellow student at UNLV lacking in truth, claimed that Zimmerman won the lottery, when it was a false reel from Facebook’s headlines. Its important for young people to see the actual news and to be informed of the actual reality that we all are in rather than relying on social networking websites to relay such news.

In conclusion, although Facebook has become a popular way to connect with others on line, it has caused infringement upon the lives of Americans and persons all around the world, due to the instigation of one another. Even causing some users to become braggers and some to become envious of others. This realization would not be apparent unless we see the side effects to these networking websites. Time- consuming as it is, it has taken valuable time away from employees and students in America and even world-wide.

With knowledge of these statistics, it is imperative that t be posted or included in Facebook so users can be informed and realize for themselves, the down fall to these time consuming contents. Users must also learn to appreciate one another instead of making others feel bad for the things they may not have. The Realnessand DВ±riendshipsmay be difficult in finding on this social site, because it has propelled itself into a superficial social world with pretentious riends. According to Quotes about facebook on quotelicious. com by an anonymous writer, *acebook is kind of like prison.

Of Mice and Men Alienation “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu

He’s self-educated and meek yet frustrated, indignant, and angry by his helplessness as a black man in a racist culture. 2He’s also very wise and observant and also listens with cynicism. For Crooks the American dream represents 3independence and self-sufficiency. Racism defeats his hope for reaching the American dream. 4Racism makes him powerless and forces him to become an outcast. 5 Money and success eludes him. Alienation and segregation contain him. His mental abilities and state of mind set him free. Candy Candy also feels the burden of loneliness and shows it by his relationship with his heep dog.

The dog, being described as “ancient”, “stinky”, and “half-blind”, had been in Candy’s life for a very long time and Candy had grown attached to it. Once the other farmhands had finally gotten fed up with it and stated that the dog needed to be put out of its misery Candy was extremely reluctant to turn it over and let him go. After hearing the shot ring outside, all Candy could do was turn his face towards a wall and not look around. Certainly Candy found this dog to be a loyal companion of his and he had developed a strong relationship with it over the years, which helped im cope with his loneliness on the ranch.

Whenever one is taking a deeper look at Of Mice and Men one will probably get a sense of how depressing and dismal the ranch really is. Candy gives Steinbeck an opportunity to discuss social discrimination based on age and handicaps. Candy represents what happens to everyone who gets old in American society: They are let go, canned, thrown out, used up. Candy’s greatest fear is that once he is no longer able to help with the cleaning he will be “disposed of. ” Like his old dog, he has lived beyond his usefulness. Curleys wife

Curley’s wife knows her beauty is her power, and she uses it to flirt with the ranch hands and make her husband Jealous. She is utterly alone on the ranch, and her husband has seen to it that no one will talk to her without fearing a beating. The Ranch Steinbeck reinforces the theme of loneliness in subtle and not so subtle ways. In the vicinity of the ranch, for example, is the town of Soledad. The town’s name, not accidentally, means “solitude” or “alone. ” Also, the others’ reactions to George and Lennie traveling together reinforces that, in Steinbeck’s world, traveling with someone else is unusual.

When George and Lennie arrive at the ranch, four other characters ” the boss, Candy, Crooks, and Slim ” all comment on the suspicious nature of two guys traveling together. This companionship seems strange and, according to at least the boss and Curley, the relationship is sexual or exploitative While George can be very rational and thoughtful, he also gets frustrated and angry with Lennie because the big man cannot control his strength or actions. George repeatedly gets angry, so much so that Lennie knows by heart what it means when George “gives him hell. ” But George’s anger quickly fades when he remembers

Lennie’s innocence and his inability to remember or think clearly. George, unlike other men, has a companion and friend in Lennie. Because of this, Lennie makes George feel special. They are different from all the other guys, and George realizes only too well that they have a special bond. At the ranch, George often plays solitaire, a game for one. Without Lennie, George would be a loner. Even though George gets frustrated by Lennie’s mental weakness, he also feels compassion for his friend. Lennie offers George the opportunity to lay plans, give advice, and, in general, be in harge.

Without Lennie, George would be Just like the other hands, but with Lennie, George has a strong sense of responsibility. Their dream also sets George apart from the others because it means he and Lennie have a future and something to anticipate. Unlike Lennie, George does not see their dream in terms of rabbits; instead, he sees it in a practical way. Their farm will be one where they can be independent and safe and where he will not have to worry about keeping track of Lennie’s mistakes. They can be secure and in charge of their own lives. However,

Lennie is the one who adds the enthusiasm because George never really believed they could swing this farm of their own. He mostly uses the story to give Lennie something Lennie George’s taking care of Lennie and the dream of the farm are attempts to break the pattern of loneliness that is part of the human condition. Similarly, Lennie’s desire to pet soft things comes from his need to feel safe and secure, to touch something that gives him that feeling of not being alone in the world. For Lennie, the dream of the farm parallels that security. “George is going to give me hell” or “George won’t let me tend the rabbits.

The Artist essay help tips: essay help tips

Describe what ‘Spoon Feeding is in cinema. What example did we watch in class? The actor in that film spoke four words to the camera – what are those words? How did the speaking of those lines “spoon feed’ what was obviously depicted prior to that dialogue? Spoon feeding in cinema is a device used by directors to plainly state to the audience exactly what happened. Sometimes it may be obvious, such as the example we watched in class. Schwarzenegger’s character, Dutch says aloud after the Predator passes him over, “He couldn’t see me.

The audience has certainly already realized that the predator couldn’t see him. This sort of device has the ability to be used artistically but in this case it really Just seems a little belittling to the audience. 2- Describe the use of body language in Peter and the Wolf, how was this achieved in the film? Peter and the Wolf, being a silent film, depended largely on character body language to illustrate concepts. Each character was specifically defined in their motions. Peter was curious and sneaky. You could sense caution in the way that he moved and looked at things- the eyes were very telling.

The duck, carefree and goofy, flipped, flopped, and plopped all over the place. The wolf was dangerous yet noble, his posture was very distinct. The music in the film helped to magnify that body language. 3- Describe the scenes and what form of communication is depicted when pretense is revealed in 2001 a space odyssey and One flew over the Cuckoo’s nest 2001 : Pretense is revealed when the two men speak in “secret” while in the pod. HAL, despite being cut off from audibility of the other two, is still able to see the men speaking.

All sound in the film cuts off and the camera zooms in to the men’s lips oving, panning back and forth between the two men’s conversation. Not knowing that he can see them, they continue to conspire against HAL as he reads their lips. OFOTCN: The most obvious pretense in One Flew would be Chiefs unveiling to Mac that he does indeed speak and can understand everything around him. The men sit on a bench awaiting treatment and Mac offers Chief a stick of gum. He takes it and thanks him. In Mac’s moment of bewilderment Chief goes on to say “Ah, Juicy fruit. To which Mac is simply overjoyed. The difference between the two being that one – Describe director Stanly Kubrick’s use of the absence of sound used in 2001 a space odyssey Kubrick’s use of silence is all too relevant in 2001. With so many long drawn out shots of the ship, he does well to remind the audience that the scene is set in space. Space, by nature, is a vacuum and for that is void of all sound. This really helps to put the audience up there with the astronauts. In many scenes which he doesn’t use are those involving the processes of HAL.

It kind of suggests that he is cold and collected. He is not a human with a heartbeat. His processes are silent. Looking back on the cene where HAL witnesses the other two astronauts speaking secretly the audience hears nothing. This silence is his processing. It’s his cold logic and elaborates planning of what to do in order to preserve himself. 5- Describe director John doorman’s use of sound in Hell in the Pacific. Describe Jane Campion’s use of sound in The Piano. What kinds of sounds do both films have in common? I absolutely loved the sound used in Hell in the Pacific.

Much of it was so wild and chaotic, not dissimilar the trapped men’s situation. doorman embellished the sound of water in several instances; waves crashing, water droplets, rain. It’s probably one of the most important props in the film; after all, you cannot live very long without water. Campion used music very creatively to establish setting and give characters a means of expression. Ada would play, Baines would lust after her music, Flora would sing. Both films, though portray water in very deliberate ways. The Piano begins and ends with the main characters crossing over water to a new home.

It seems like the water is trapping Ada here on this island and the first indication of what would be a difficult Journey is the wave crashing upon her and the piano while she played it on he beach. This scene is similar to the one in which the Japanese man, while on lookout, had water crash through his fort, if you will call it that. 6- Billy and Flora While the two characters serve very different purposes in their respective films they are alike in that they have very childlike attitudes. Flora actually is a child and her actions are expected of one of her age.

Billy, on the other hand, possesses the shyness and demeanor that a child might but it is most likely attributed to his mental affliction. The two both wear their emotions on their sleeve. Flora very vividly xpresses her disapproval of Ada attempts to contact Baines through her and goes so far as to, twice, betray her own mother. Billy is easily flustered by social situations, is often seen in The Piano entertaining herself. She has a wild imagination and will talk to Just about anyone. Billy tends to hang around the other patients but is still well reserved.

He has nervous tendencies; stuttering, lack of eye contact, closed off body language. Another stark contrast between our two youthful characters is that they lie on opposite sides of their respective communication spectrum. Flora acts as a translator for Ada. When Ada wants to be heard she signs to Flora and Flora speaks for her, whereas it seems as though Billy is the one that needs a voice in One Flew. An example of this is during the therapy session when he is clearly uncomfortable and would rather not speak on the subject.

It is here that another patient speaks up and suggests that maybe Billy doesn’t want to talk about this particular subject. 7- Stewart and Nurse Ratched Two intriguing characters. They are both antagonists to their stories but both seem unaware, at least outwardly that that is their place. Their antagony does not seem to be misplaced though. Nurse Ratched is the head nurse; I think her character is a little deeper than Stewart’s. It seems there are many levels to her. Initially she appears as a good well-kept nurse. She is soft spoken yet direct in her tone.

It later becomes more apparent that she is more controlling than one might have initially thought. The ward is her world. What she says goes. And even when the patients play her game she always is the victor; the vote, for instance, despite there being Just enough votes to trump her she still refused the boys the baseball game. It’s really hard to say whether she is really truly bad though. As head nurse it is her Job to maintain absolute order. In a facility such as the setting she is right to say that even the slightest change would potentially provoke certain patients to cause a difficult situation.

Steward, on the other hand, despite his wealth and position he doesn’t have complete control. He wants control but Ada’s will is too strong. Stewart goes to great efforts to try to keep her caged but she prevails. Even when he violently cuts off her finger she does waiver. Even Stewards anger and upset (not necessarily his actions) are understandable. He has brought Ada over to marry him and love him but ever for a moment is this what she wants. He’s frustrated but he truly does try to make her happy. When he cannot please her he falls apart. – Ada and the Chief The most obvious similarity is the characters silence the two share. You do at some point in both films get the experience the voice of the characters; Ada, while she narrates the beginning and end of the film and Chief, while he and Mac patiently wait for their punishment and enjoy a stick of gum together. While the Ada’s and the Chiefs silence is chosen I feel that Chiefs is more of free will than Ada’s silence. The Chief only adopted silence as a way to protect himself while in the institution. Ada accustomed to it not only as a habit but as a lifestyle.

Youth is when you develop your personality Even in the film it is evident that Chief is effluent in his speaking abilities. When Ada begins to speak again she has a difficult time because she simply never learned to do it well. They both seemed to be hiding themselves somehow. It’s unsure exactly what might be affecting Ada, maybe a childhood event of some sort. It does seem clear that Chief is affected by two clashing cultures. His mother is white nd his father native American. His father lost himself in alcohol, he is clearly affected. 9- Mac and Baines Mac and Baines are both deviants to their cultures.

They have both been shunned and placed outside of society on one way or another. Baines seemed to have disagreed with his own culture so much he went so far as to remove himself completely from it. He actual mingled into the Maori culture, the natives of the land. In this culture some of the social mores of the colonial white culture are accepted with open arms. Baines is a very emotionally expressive character and he chose to join an expressive culture. Mac is most certainly deviant. But where Baines is more of an introverted deviant Mac displays extroversion in spades.

He comes from a workhouse. He was kicked out for getting into a fght with another worker. He chose to run with the verdict that he was crazy because it meant that he would not have to go to Jail. They are both very sexual. Baines provokes a sexually driven relationship between an initially unwilling Ada. He knows what he is doing is unacceptable and it’s certainly done in secret. Mac, our Type A personality has no qualms about keeping his sexual life and desires out in the open. He has no discretion in discussing it and is very eager in encouraging others, such as Billy to do the same.

Defining and Measuring Crime melbourne essay help: melbourne essay help

Defining and Measuring Crime The Uniform Crime Report (ucr) is an annually (yearly) report compiled by the FBI to give an indication of criminal activity. They organize offenses known to the police. The I-JCR divides the criminal offenses into categories: part 1 offense and part II offense. Part 1 offenses are crimes that are recorded by the FBI to give a general idea of the crime picture. Part 1 offenses crimes can be covered by the media and consequently nspire the most fear if crime in population. The majority crimes that fall into the part 1 offenses are property crimes.

There are several types of part 1 offenses: criminal homicide- murder and non-negligent, manslaughter (the willful killing of a human being), manslaughter by negligence (the killing of a human being), forcible rape (female forcibly and against her will), robbery (taking/attempted to take anything of value), aggravated assault (unlawful attack by one person on another), burglary breaking and entering), larceny/ theft (unlawful taking away of property from the possession of another), motor vehicle theft (theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle) and arson (malicious burning or attempted burning).

Part 2 offenses are all crimes recorded by the FBI that do not fall into the category of part 1 offenses. The most common offenses are drug abuse violations, driving under the influence and assault that don’t result in harm. Part 2 are measured by arrest data. Mala in se and ala prohibtia often express the social function of criminal law. Mala in se are inherently wrong, regardless of whether they are prohibited by law.

The crimes go against natural, moral and public principles of a society. Some examples are murder, rape and theft. Mala prohibita are acts that are considered crimes because they have been codified as human made laws. Crime is only considered wrong if it has been prohibited. Having two spouses at once is considered a mala prohibita crime.

Supply and Demand Simulation college essay help: college essay help

Supply and Demand Simulation Principles of Microeconomics 9/16/2013 The simulation shows a number of changes that happen to the Atlantis population, as well as to the supply and demand of the apartment housing. Throughout the simulation there are two microeconomic principles being displayed as well as one macroeconomic. The equilibrium price is fluctuated due to shifts that take place within the supply curve and also the demand curve. Just like this virtual simulation on the website, there’s plenty of changes that can take place in a work environment hat can affect the supply or demand.

These types of changes create fluctuations in both the equilibrium quantity and the price within a realistic work environment. While I looked at and went through the simulation, it became easy to see how the price elasticity of demand greatly affected both the firms strategy with pricing and the customer’s own personal decision to purchase. It’s clear that there are principles of macroeconomics and microeconomics in the simulation. A couple examples of microeconomics would be how the Goodlife Company and individuals made their choices based off of regulation and scarcity.

While an example of macroeconomics would be the change that the government made that applies toa price limit on apartment housing for the Goodlife Company. Governments regulation of the price ceiling would always classify as macroeconomics simply because it has a bunching effect on the whole overall local economy. So an individual’s own consumer choices leads to increases and decreases in demand that can then allow the company to respond. Then the company alters or modifies its pricing so that it can gain equilibrium as a reaction to the demand of the consumer.

However, this doesnt he start of the simulation the company lowered rates to 1,050 dollars a month. If the company maintains this pricing strategy then they should be able to fill their vacancies for 1,700 different apartments, which would bring in 1. 79 million dollars. When the company increased the price of an apartment they saw the demand take a decrease. The only way the company can increase the quantity demanded is if they significantly drop the rental price. This is because the supply of apartments is limited. During this scenario the government regulation created a dramatic increase in demand and shortened the supply.

Together, these macroeconomic and microeconomic principles work together and lead to different fluctuations in the equilibrium point, supply and demand. Shifts in supply and demand cause the equilibrium price to fluctuate as the supply curve and the demand curve shift to the left and right. The shifts in the supply and demand will always lead to the fluctuation of the equilibrium price as the curves of supply and demand shift left and right. The simulation showed that when population increased, so did demand for 2 bedroom apartments. Eventually Atlantis matured, which lead toa dramatic change in house reference.

To maximize its profits, the company chose to react to this by altering its prices to help maintain the highest possible occupancy of apartments. There was one part where the company decided to convert apartments to be more suiting for their consumer’s different tastes. When they did this, it caused the supply curve to shift over toward the left, but didn’t actually change the demand curve. This was because of the different changing customer preferences. The changing of the company’s pricing strategy caused the supply and demand curve to move in either a ownward or upward fashion, depending on the circumstances of the situation.

The constant adjustment and fluctuation will continue while the company keeps at it to maintain the equilibrium of its price. Both microeconomics and macroeconomics have effects on the supply and demand that can be witnessed inside a real life work environment. When a business only has capacity to make a limited number of products then it has to take a look at the supply and demand curves in order to come up with an equilibrium point. This will be a place where the two points intersect and can maximize their profits.

This is where the quantity that’s demanded by a consumer will equal the quantity that can be supplied by the business. If a business prices something at a point that’s well below the equilibrium then the demand from the consumers will go over the actual available supply. This makes a shortage in the consumer market. If a business sets a price point well above the point of equilibrium then the demand decreases. If a business is looking to maximize its profit on a product then it has to maintain its pricing at the equilibrium point for supply that it can produce compared to the consumers’ demand.

If a company is capable of supplying a large demand, but government regulation creates a price ceiling on something then there’d be a vast shortage of the supply within the consumer market. However, this can sometimes be deemed necessary in order to protect consumers. Thanks to government regulation, a business can’t increase prices as a reaction to a shortage in the market. Effects like these on the supply and demand arent Just limited to specific types of products and can be seen in other various forms among consumer services and products. If you look at the Atlantis situation you can view onsumer behavior.

If prices are below the equilibrium point then the demand will be high. This caused a serious shortage in the apartment market. The company had to adjust the pricing strategy so they can attain equilibrium in order to maximize profit. When they adjust their prices to the point above equilibrium then the quantity of apartments would exceed demand. This will result in having a surplus of vacancies that don’t produce profit. The changes to the supply of housing, consumer demand and government regulation are all solid examples of micro and macroeconomics.

The Great Gatsby: Luhrmann v. Fitzgerald college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

Great Gatsby: Luhrmann v. Fitzgerald From super evildoer Tom Buchanan, to a modernistic, rap party, the Great Gatsby, directed by Baz Luhrmann, contrasts the written version of the Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald in many ways. This contrast provided by the movie creates a different interpretation of the intended meaning and importance of the characters, scenes, and images in the written version.

This is evident through the emphasis or importance of certain characters and the relationships between some characters, the odern, rap-filled soundtrack of the movie and the placement of those songs, and the different portrayal of Daisy and Tom Buchanan. In addition, the movie adaptation also leaves out a few important scenes that deem necessary to the plot. The movie and book relate in many ways, but it’s the small changes from the text to the movie that affect the interpretation that someone may have.

The significance of changing the interpretation is that it can spin a new meaning and way of thinking about the content of the text or movie. First, the movie adaptation of the Great Gatsby begins with the symbolic green ight that Gatsby fixates upon and the appearance of one of the narrator, Nick Carraway in “The Perkins Sanitarium”. Nick tells the entire story and writes the book in this sanitarium. Like the movie, the text begins with background story of Nick and how he ended up living next door to the mysterious, wealthy Gatsby.

But, the difference in the beginnings can skew the interpretations between the movie and text. The text insinuates that Nick Carraway is the main character and focuses on the way that Nick Judges and feels towards certain characters. On the other hand, the ovie implies that Nick is Just a “morbid alcoholic”, writer that is telling the love-filled, mysterious, story of Gatsby. The movie reverts back to Nick in the sanitarium and focuses in on the always-appearing green light. This approach by the movie can change the view and interpretation of the viewers.

For example, if the movie focuses more on Nick simply being the writer of Gatsbys story, then it leaves out the texts’ intention of having Nick not only being the narrator, but also being a mediator of judgments. In the movie, Nick doesn’t often explain or show how he actually feels owards the characters, while in the book Nick clearly describes the appearance of other characters and these descriptions depict how he Judges or feels about that person. For instance, in the movie Tom and Nick appear to be best friends at the beginning.

They greet each other with smiles, nicknames, and stories, whereas in the text, Nick describes Tom’s appearance as, “Two shining arrogant eyes had established dominance over his face and have him the appearance of always leaning aggressively forward… lt was a body capable of enormous leverage – a cruel body'(Fitzgerald. 7). This difference in interpretation between the text and movie creates contrast between them. The movie portrays Tom as an extreme evildoer, but Nick doesn’t seem to notice at the beginning, while from the start in the text, Tom appears to Nick between the two characters of Tom and Nick affects the overall message of Nick.

Nick, in the text, is seen as being more than Just a writer or narrator, but the person who determines how one would feel towards other characters. The text focuses immediately on the hulking Tom through Nicks words, while the movie allows the viewer to gradually feel a certain way towards Tom’s character because Nick doesn’t eact in a disapproving way at the beginning. Next, between the movie and the text there are some relatively minor, but still important, scenes that are left out or changed. This can affect the overall message and interpretation of the adaptation.

First, in the text there is evidence of a relationship between Nick and Jordan Baker. The text alludes to this relationship often and describes it in chapter three and Nick said once, “Her gray, sun-stained eyes stared straight ahead, but she had deliberately shifted our relations, and for a moment I though I loved her”(Fitzgerald. 58). This mention of a relationship between Jordan and Nick in the text and not in the movie further affirms that the movie adaptation focuses almost entirely on the story of Gatsby and does not take notice to Jordan Baker, or Nicks relationship to her.

In addition, the movie adaptation eliminated two scenes that seemed important to the overall meaning of the written version. The first scene deals with the importance of the attendance of Owl Eyes and Gatsbys father at the funeral is that there was at least a few people who respected, if not cared for, who Gatsby was or what he was about. Owl Eyes, in the text, was the an in the library who appreciated Gatsbys books, but, although he still was in the library looking at the books, the movie implies that Owl Eyes did not believe that Gatsby is made-up.

In the movie, neither Owl Eyes nor Gatsbys dad attended the funeral. Nick says, “But not a single one of the sparkling hundreds that enjoyed his hospitality, attended the funeral”(Luhrmann. The Great Gatsby). This changes the overall interpretation from the text that at least someone, other than Nick, cared about what Gatsby was and who he was as a person. Secondly, the importance of the scene with Mr. Mckee is that it adds speculation that Nick is gay. This scene is present in the text to add that speculation and spark questioning within the reader.

On the other hand, the movie omits this scene, keeping the viewers from speculating and questioning Nicks sexuality. In the film, the soundtrack seems to represent the intention of Fitzgerald, or Nicks, tone in the text well. Although the soundtrack is flooded with rap music that further modernizes the movie, the music is placed in correct spots and, overall, adds a lot to the scenes. When added to the modern party scenery, the contemporary rap allows us to interpret the extravagance of the parties and the mansion that the text intended.

It is based in the Roaring Twenties and the movie, for showman’s sake, adds the rap music to appease the viewers instead of sticking with the music of that time. The music may contrast the time period, but the message is clear and the placing of the songs is precise and suitable. The significance of omitting these scenes and using this soundtrack is to change the interpretation that viewer would have in opposition to the text and the movie succeeds in doing this due to the missing love life of Nick, the absences of certain characters at the funeral, and the avoidance of speculation of Nicks sexuality.

Finally, the portrayals of Daisy and Tom display the most change from the text to and down… “(Fitzgerald. 9), a face that was “lovely with bright things in it”(Fitzgerald. 9), but, looking past her physical description, she proved to be an insincere and indecisive person. To contrast, in the movie, up until the point where Daisy kills Myrtle, she appears as innocent. For example, she does not display her enticing voice or bright eyes, but rather, her soft, discreet voice and quiet eyes. It is her physical appearance and voice that makes her appear as innocent in the movie.

This is resent in the scene where she is explaining her daughter to Nick. Her facial expression and tone of voice indicate an innocent feeling, but the movie differs from the book because it leaves out the part where she nonchalantly gives the baby to the nanny. Her innocence is not supported and she comes off as a phony in the text, but in the movie she is quiet, victimized, and appears as an innocent instrument of Tom and Gatsbys relentless battle for her love. Tom is depicted as a supervillian in the movie. The text did portray Tom slightly as a bad guy, but not to the extent that the movie did.

In the scene in the text where George is mourning his wife’s murder, Tom does not directly state whose car it was; however, in the film, Tom said it was Gatsbys car and then said, “Gatsby… somethin’ ought to be done about a fella like that”(Luhrmann. The Great Gatsby). Tom displays his villainy in this scene and plants the image of murder into George’s head. The movie uses Tom as an image of evil and the book differs to the extent of how wicked Tom actually is. The film overblows the intended interpretation of Tom from the book and twists his character to fit the modern-day hero and villain movie standard.

To conclude, there are many similarities and differences between the film and book of The Great Gatsby, but the changes that are made to the film distort and adjust the viewers’ interpretation of many scenes and characters. Tom’s villainy, for example, was a main scene that distorted the intention of the text. The movie changed both the way that I saw Tom and Daisy and my view on what Nick would become after Gatsbys death. Work Cited: Fitzgerald, F. Scott, and Matthew J. Bruccoli. The Great Gatsby. New York, NY: Scribner, 1996. Print. The Great Gatsby. Dir. Baz Luhrmann. Perf. Leonardo DiCaprio, Tobey Mcgutre. 2012. DVD.

The Human Element of Law: Dworkin college essay help online: college essay help online

Riley S. Altman- Philosophy of Law Final Research Paper The Human Element of Law: Dworkin vs. Scalia on Constitutional Interpretation The constitution is the document that binds American citizens to uniformed rule. Granted states may vary their decisions for a vast array of laws, the focus of my argument will be dealing with the interpretation of the nation’s most powerful document. The two stances of interpretation I will be addressing are those of Ronald Dworkin and Antonin Scalia, who are known for disagreement amongst their constitutional views.

On the one hand there is Scalia, who labels his position textualism”, where Judges are encouraged to stray away from discretion and make clarifications to vague statutes in a commonsensical manner. Dworkin on the other side promotes said discretion to be used, but only in order to find the semantic and expectation “intent” of the law. Scalia’s textualism provides less room for progressive legal interpretation than Dworkin’s version of originalism.

To argue this I will further explain my take on why constitutional progressiveness is Just for society, and clarify why taking a textualist’s stance (such as that of Scalia) would hinder it. To recognize untruth as a condition of life–that certainly means resisting accustomed value feelings in a dangerous way; and a philosophy that risks this would by that token alone place itself beyond good and evil”(Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil).

Cynical as it may seem, I fear the power that tradition-for-the- sake-of-tradition has on a growing populace. The Nietzsche quote did not randomly fall out of the sky, it came from criticism against blindly accepting moral premises, and though Scalia is not necessarily a dogmatic arguer he does display the desire for ncontested validity in his constitutional interpretations because of their basis on original text.

My definition of “progressive” as it applies to this paper focuses on room for legal interpretation on the basis of applicable moral considerations. It is not a bold claim to say that human ethics are evolving hand-in-hand with cultural standards, and with that considered there must be some accommodation for this changing factor within the US legal system. Dworkin sees the constitution as a “living document”; something with embedded abstract principles, and to that I must approve.

This general view on the constitution is exactly what is needed to continue on to a more Just legal system, rather than strictly adhering to traditional textual interpretation for guidance, because it allows for the introduction of said “applicable moral considerations”. According to Dworkin, the traditional question on the matter of what I refer to as on any particular issue? “(Dworkin, Justice in Robes, 1). This is a reflection of his interpretational goal that moral discretion is necessary for the constitution’s adaptation to society, which it must undergo to survive (furthering the image of a living document’).

In response, Scalia worries that the ideal of a “living constitution” actually fails to protect individuals from the excessive powers of democracy, in that unnecessary moral considerations take the forefront: “[a] democratic society does not, by and large, need constitutional guarantees to insure that its laws will reflect ‘current values. ‘ Elections take care of that quite well”(Scalia, Originalism: The Lesser Evil). Concerning what I call applicable moral considerations, the easiest translation would be legal discretion on the part of Judges.

This of course contrasts Scalia’s osition by suggesting that moral discretion is actually necessary to promote the greater good. This is not intended to be an insult to elections process, but the form of democracy that the US practices does not essentially take these evolving standards into account such as Scalia suggests. Majority rule on ballots does not determine ethical progress, and as much as it might be a noble pursuit to trust the electoral process there exist undeniable flaws.

To elaborate on the flaws that Justice Scalia’s defense rests on, there is an underlying predicament residing in societal indifference. In 2012, there was a voter population in the US of 221 people. Of them, 130,292,355 actually cast a valid votel (considering voter eligibility). With a 58. 7% rate of voting, true public opinion is not legitimately heard, and the politics that sway attitude one way or another on a pressing issue distort proper Justice.

The idea that unjust laws can only be suitably fixed via the democratic process puts too much faith in the belief that the public truly will change what they see as immoral by voting on it. One way that taking a Dworkinian approach to the law might combat this issue of indifference is by forcibly hedding light on the problem of an ambiguous law on the books, and by implementing case-specific rulings (by discretion) when faced with vague laws so as to suffice for a Just decision when one is needed.

If the public is not aware of an ambiguous law that has potential to cause legal disagreements, the easiest way for them to learn it is to hear about a court’s ruling on a case dealing with said law. This is where Dworkin’s stance probably receives the most criticism, because on the surface it seems as though law must be altered in some way to decide on an official eaning. Regarding this worry, Dworkin states: “l do not mean simply that the government may change its mind, and regret either the goal or the means of its earlier decision.

I mean that a responsible government may serve different goals in a piecemeal and occasional fashion, so that even though it does not regret, but continues to enforce, one rule designed to serve a particular goal, it may reject other rules that would serve that same goal Just as well”(Taking Rights Seriously 3). This idea plays on the fact that laws are enacted to serve a particular end, and that there hould be no interpretation contrary to the original principles of that law.

For Dworkin, this ambiguity of language in the law is actually very important, because he sees it as being part of a self-conscious effort to compromise. Rightfully so, Dworkin proposes that a strict historical interpretation of law (such as the one Scalia presents) is potentially unjust, because it cannot conceive of the unknown circumstances that adapt to a changing environment in which these laws are applied.

Going back to the need for a progressive understanding of the constitution, there are certain factors hat present inescapable predicaments for Scalia’s textualism. The most common example that is used to question constitutional interpretation is the Eighth Amendment forbidding “cruel and unusual punishment”. Generally there are two views that are brought up concerning this question, 1) this includes punishment deemed cruel and unusual up to the date of the laws enactment, or 2) this includes ALL punishments that are truly cruel and unusual.

The difference in implications of the two is significant: one requires a textual, historical, and linguistic approach, whereas the other demands moral reasoning. As appealing as legal tradition may be to some, it is linked to a relatively concrete historical background, which has little to no potential to change. “Progressive” by definition means to move forward, and enforcing a certain legal understanding of a law by appealing to a historical and linguistic background does not leave much room for the present-day to speak its mind.

Scalia’s example is that the death penalty was not regarded as cruel or unusual by the founding fathers because it was a common practice at the time. Easy as his point is to understand, there may be a commonality between modern-day ebates about legal interpretation and the composition of the constitution itself. It was the principles of the time that the founding fathers were appealing to when writing the constitution, and I would argue that it is the principles of this modern-day that are so desperately trying to make their way in to the US constitution.

Dworkin brings up that Judges “should decide the cases before them in a forward-looking, consequentialist style”0ustice in Robes 21); I would add that this lingering on past historical reference is an unnecessary anchor to the progressive momentum of law. Another way that Scalia’s position presents a hindrance on legal progressiveness is in his criticism of Dworkin’s “living constitution” model. To Scalia, this translates to wavering meaning of constitutional text; whereas Dworkin might call is a Just interpretation of its “true meaning”.

Though they have both been considered some form of “originalists”, the historical significance of the laws origins differs between them. Scalia and Dworkin both believe that it is important to look to former courts’ rulings on cases for a frame of reference, however Dworkin’s focus is on the values nd principles that were present at that time so as to apply them to novel cases. In this way there is an application of traditional morals to new legal predicaments, showing that the constitution is far from abandoned, but open-ended and subject to necessary expansion to adapt to a progressive society.

A progressive society runs into immediate legal problems when a defendant is faced with a law that does not explicitly cover every scenario. As Dworkin might say there are inevitably going to be times for even the most sophisticated lawyer that the law runs out. A textualist pproach is perhaps subject to this drawback more than most other philosophies of law, due to its basis in textual, historical, and linguistic evidence, and seemingly has no way around it.

This situation is indeed problematic, because if there were a lack of legal evidence, the defendant would always win from the plaintiff not being able to prove that the law was on his or her side. These are ideal situations for the practice of “discretion” on the part of the Judges. Discretion is a word always given with a many various radical views. It is not simply the free will of Judges imposed on court- ulings (as many contest); instead he generally sees it as principled considerations as they apply to cases involving added legal interpretation (due to an unspecified range of possibilities), which the law might encompass.

In this notion, there is a boundary in which the range of discretion is definitely limited: “[discretion], like the hole in a doughnut, does not exist except as an area left open by a surrounding belt of restriction”(Dworkin 114). Defining the element of discretion is an important distinction between Dworkin and Scalia’s legal theories, as it serves as the most obvious contradiction between the two views. Scalia’s textualism is without any mention of discretion; there is instead an emphasis on the importance of common- sense interpretation of what the law encompasses.

One notable problem that Scalia himself sees with Judges using discretion is that there would be a tendency for judges to desert historical precedence in favor of their own views: “[the] inevitable tendency of Judges to think that the law is what they would like it to be will, I have no doubt, cause most errors in Judicial historiography to be made in the direction of projecting upon the age of 1789 current, modern values so that as applied, even as pplied in the best of faith, originalism will (as the historical record shows) end up as something of a compromise”(Scalia, Originalism: The Lesser Evil).

This compromise that Scalia speaks of is in fact the vey tool that promotes the societal indifference to change laws, which I mentioned earlier. A compromise does not raise alarms for people, and is not a clear demonstration of needed change; it is the equivalent of sweeping a problem under the rug so that one may move on to other issues that are more easily dealt with because of legal clarity and escapes proper Justice.

In order or progressive ethics to prevail there cannot be a continuation of compromise with the hopes that the public will eventually rally together to change law, there are factors of morality which must be weighed against one another in order to determine which moral considerations are applicable to each case. Dworkin sees law as integrity, which includes the notion that the constitution is comprised of abstract moral principles.

This I argue is the stance needed in order to advance the US legal system, because it implies no definite interpretation of any constitutional statement. Many principles that were considered Just during the time of the founding fathers no longer have support in this day and age, such as the ethics of slavery. Strict textual, historical, and linguistic interpretations of law will show that there is an undeniable change of public opinion on the matter as time progressed until its eventual abolishment after a civil war.

I bring up this case as an example to show that principles unavoidably change through time, thus governing a nation strictly on the text of the constitution (which was originally written with principled considerations) nds with abrupt limitations on the ability to display modern-day cultural values. Dworkin’s “law as integrity’ approach instead conforms to the need for contemporary ethics to play a role in a Judge’s decision when confronted with ambiguous law. In order to advocate for a progressive society, there must be the possibility for constitutional interpretation to change through time.

The position that Dworkin suggests is based on this possibility, though not required, and is designed with the possibility of legal adjustment in mind. Scalia’s Originalism: The Lesser Evil describes hat a nonoriginalist approach to the constitution allows for too much variance on a newly arrived meaning of a law: “I also think that the central practical defect of nonoriginalism is fundamental and irreparable: the impossibility of achieving any consensus on what, precisely, is to replace original meaning, once that is abandoned”(Scalia).

As valid of a concern as this may be, Dworkin’s position in particular is not simply permitting the rewriting of laws by Judges. It is true that differing opinions are inescapable through Dworkin’s position, but they are varied on a case-by-case basis due to specific mitigating circumstances and ethical onsiderations, rather than Judges’ desires to change the meaning of laws. The word “discretion” itself also implies some level of secrecy on the part of the adjudicators; hence there is no fuel to start a legal debate over the meaning of a law, such as Scalia worries about.

Another worry that Scalia might have over Dworkin’s view is determining when it would be appropriate to modify or use discretion to change or dictate rule of law. “First, it is necessary, though not sufficient, that the Judge find that the change would advance some principle, which principle thus Justifies the change… Second, any judge who proposes to change existing doctrine must take into account of some important standards that argue against departures from established doctrine, and these standards are for the most part principles”(Dworkin 118).

This is a solid framework for Judges to use as a guide in deciding standards to appeal to, and Just because it does not originate directly from the constitution does not mean that it is invalid. This decision-making model is supported by principles that have been widely accepted, and simply elaborates on the fact that these principles are subject to volving standards in culture. One obvious reason as to why this is an impossible stance to take under Scalia’s textualism is that these “evolving standards” change at a rate much faster than constitutional amendment could ever allow.

For example, if the constitution were to be interpreted solely by the position that Scalia takes, technological advancements would be seen as similar to unstoppable virus. The rate at which new technology is introduced to the market is too fast for ethical consideration or construction of new legal regulations, thus there is no chance for mendments or new laws to be passed to accommodate these new technologies before predicaments arise.

In short, technology will find an unspecified rule of law before a law is made to handle the problem. The solution I suggest is in applying Dworkin’s theory, which allows for discretion in vague cases like this until legislation is passed to specify a rule. One main difference between Dworkin and Scalia is Dworkin’s clarification that the law is not simply a system of rules. Through this notion it seems as though Dworkin has an added defense, which is nonexistent in Scalia’s arguments for textualism.

He points out that Judges are often known to change rules as necessary, however they are not permitted to adjust law, differentiating the implications of “rule” from “law’ (and more specifically, “the law’): “[when] the positivists do attend to principles and policies, they treat them as rules manque©s. They assume that if they are standards of law they must be rules, and so they read them as standards that are trying to be rules”(Dworkin 119).

These are not laws above the law, the rules that may might be appropriately applied to reach the most Just conclusion. In the progressive ociety of the US, these rules are constantly changed because of the frequent introduction of previously unforeseen variables (e. g. technology advancements and evolving standards of culture), and because of this repetitive change in rules there is similarly a need for principled Judgments in order to make ethical rulings in court when the law is uncertain.

Though Justice Scalia suggests that US citizens are governed only by what is promulgated to the people, I argue that this position does not account well enough for the ambiguity that arises so often in constitutional text, and that the forward omentum that The States have is hindered by insistent reference only to textual evidence from its original binding document.

This textualist view does not take into consideration the rate at which society is progressing, and fails to recognize the necessity for principled discretion by Judges when the law does not make an undeniable conclusion to a controversial case at hand. Dworkin’s emphasis on principles is a much needed tool for the legal system and acknowledges the importance of true Justice, as opposed to coming to a compromise, which Scalia suggests is appropriate under the circumstances given that constitutional mendment is a provided option for citizens in the US.

Hippie movement admission college essay help: admission college essay help

The Hippie Movement The 1960’s is when the Hippie Movement started. The hippies had very different concerns and beliefs. They believed that life should be about living happy and free. They wanted to find a new meaning to life instead of the dominant mainstream culture that they thought was corrupt. The hippies had no concern for their actions or who it was affecting. For example when the hippies would get high and do drugs, they would sober up and not really care what had happened or who they upset. Many wanted no part in the middle class values.

They were completely against eapons, wars or violence. The hippies embraced philosophy and had their own way of life. Hippies believed in eco friendly environments. Their culture was founded on Psychedelic drugs such as marijuana and LSD. Hippies believed that these drugs would expand their consciousness. Despite what many believed, hippies were not into hard drugs because they knew they were harmful. They promoted love, peace, and freedom and listened to psychedelic rock and folk music. This all went along with their care free life style that they lived. In April 1969 is when citizens including ippies noticed that things were starting to look trashy from everyone living a “carefree” lifestyle.

After everyone celebrated love, peace, freedom, and arefree living, the hippie era was pretty much over. * Eric Wilson from New York Times talks about what the hippies’ outfits consisted of. “As for the hippies, their style was thoroughly reflective of fashion in their own time, as illustrated by “Hippie Chic,” an exhibition opening on July 16 at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. The MFA is going groovy, with bits of shag carpeting, spinning lights and faux-bois wallpaper. Some of the displays being installed resemble stage design as if by Monty Hall. This basically explains what the style of the hippies was. They were very carefree and loved crazy colors. Jean Schaller who was born in 1948 was a teenager during the “hippie movement” says, she remembers her mom having a lot of bumper stickers of flowers all over her car. She also remembers wearing bell bottoms, flowers in her hair, cheap necklaces. into four days. It was called “Woodstock. ” Schaller remembers everyone smoking and doing drugs, listening to music and wearing a whole bunch of bright colors. Schaller also said she remembers hippies having a big part in the protest against the war.

During the Vietnam War, there was a protest against it. Everyone had assumed it was the hippies who started the protest. John Leland states in his Article, “The media tends to focus on the people dressed like hippies,” said Ms. Smith, 24, who thought the hippies were getting too much play. As she walked with her aunt in a crowd protesting war with Iraq, Ms. Smith described a vision markedly different from Hoover’s. ‘You have all sorts of middle-age people who are not hippes, church groups and old people,” she said. “It’s not like everybody’s part of some big counterculture.

Hippies were inspired by beatniks who moved to New York City. They followed the Beat Generation movement and promoted anti conformist attitudes. In Germany from 1896 to 1908 there was a movement called the wandervogel movement. They wanted to bring back the spiritual life of their ancestors. This movement was against German values and entertainment. They focused on singing, music, hiking and the outdoors. Eventually the movement migrated to America, and many of them moved to California. The Beat Generation was then brought to the United States in the 1950’s y following the Wandervogel movement.

Francisco Villa extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

Francisco Villa Melissa E. Bowlin Ozarka College Francisco Villa was born Doroteo Arango in San Juan del Rio, Durango in 1877. Some resources say that he was actually born in 1879. Although Doroteo Arango was the man’s original name, most people knew him as Francisco “Pancho” Villa. Francisco spent most of his life living in Durango, until at the age of 16, when he killed a man for raping his younger sister (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006). He had to leave the town of Durango in order to keep from being executed for killing the man that had raped his sister. Over the next few years there was very little record kept of Francisco.

It was during this time that he originally changed his name to Francisco “Pancho” Villa to keep the law from recognizing his original name (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006). When Francisco was at the young age of 20, “he moved northward to Chihuahua, where he worked on and off as a minor in Parral”. He would also sell stolen cattle in Chihuahua to make a living. During this time, “his occupation was recorded as a “wholesale meat seller”, according to many government biographies that were written”. Later on he would begin to mine again, but this time in a town near Chihuahua called Santa Eulalia (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006).

Soon Francisco was becoming to tire of laborers work, and decided to add bank robber to his resume of different Jobs he would do in later years. He was wanted now not only as a murderer by the Diaz government but also as a bank robber (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006). It was during the beginning of the 1900’s when Francisco would really make a name for himself and his bandit followers because he would show the poor, whom looked up to him, Just how much he did not want to follow the rules of the government at this time. In 1910, “Villa and his men came down from the hills to Join Francisco Maderos Revolutionary forces”.

This is where him and his men would make a transition from banditos to revolucianarios (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006). “Francisco was able to recruit and army of thousands, including a substantial amount of Americans, some of whom were made captains in the Division del Norte”. “Villa even created one squadron made up entirely of Americans under the leadership of Captain Tracey Richardson, a man who apparently fought with many different insurgent armies around the world at that time” (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006).

Madero’s leadership and victory did not last long until he was assassinated. Francisco was still left to leadership and command of his Division del Norte army in resistance. “It was during this time that he became almost like a folk hero in America” (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006). . There were several Hollywood film makers who would begin to flock to wherever his battles began and ended. Many of these battles were staged for the convenience of the filmmakers during this era (“Francisco “pancho” Villa”, 2006).

Francisco Villa was known as a hero to many when he ultimately decided to fight for freedom in the Mexican Revolution. He actually went against Madero’s orders and attacked Ciudad Juarez and won. This victory is what truly brought Villa in to power” (“The Storm That Swept Mexico”, 2012). Although Madero would soon push Villa to the sidelines, “Villa would never forget the man who led him in the first steps Villa would fight many battles during this era, “the battles of Zacatecas and OJinaJa stand out as particular highlights in the battles during his life”. At OJinaJa, Villa defeated Huertas federal troops and forced them across the Rio Grande to Marfa, Texas”. “Late in the process of trying to overthrow Huerta, Carranza tried to sabotage Villa’s progress by sending him to Saltillo, an insignificant target, rather than the ore important town of Zacatecas” (“The Storm That Swept Mexico”, 2012). Villa was once again pressured to go against orders, and he triumphed at Zacatecas, one of the bloodiest campaigns of the revolution, because he had indeed defeated Huerta once and for all. While Villa was a hero in the revolution, he was also known for his brutality in the face of betrayal”. “Both he and his “trigger man”, Rudolfo Fierro, were known for the particularly barbaric ways in which they would dispatch their enemies” (“The Storm That Swept Mexico”, 2012). It was Carranza whom would soon begin to pick away at Villa one piece at a time. A turning point came in 191 5, when Villa and his elite soldiers, the dorados, lost several battles to Carranza’s general, Alvaro Obregon” (“The Storm That Swept Mexico”, 2012).

The battle of Celaya was said to be the battle that set Villa running. It was during this battle that technology would defeat Villa more than anything. “Villa and his 19th century style cavalry came up against 20th century technology imported from the war in Europe (WWI), and employed by the constitutionalists”. “Their use of barbed wire, sophisticated machine guns, and trench warfare resulted in a massacre of Villa’s troops” (“The Storm That Swept Mexico”, 2012). It was these defeats that led the United States to withdraw their support of Villa in favor of recognition of Carranza.

Social media marketing cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Abstract The research conducted herein evaluates effective methods to leverage social media in a marketing aspect. People use online social networks to satisfy the need create social capital, a need to fit in, and a need for self-presentation and independence. The amount of consumers that use social media will almost certainly continue to increase, while at the same time the old methods leveraging channels of communication declines. It is in a company’s best interest to follow the consumers’ behavior and preferences.

Knowing this, they need to leverage social media for advertising and online interaction with consumers of their brands. The aim of this paper is to bring to light the benefits and ways to leverage social media. Social media has rapidly evolved in the public realm and corporate offices all over have realized how an influential and organized online group of consumers could bring opportunity. Businesses are put in such a position that they need to address this threat to the old-style of advertising by rethinking and reimagining approaches to communication and marketing.

A firm being adapted to its environment in the best possible way in order to maximize net revenue has always been among every firm’s ain goals. Organizations that are yet to venture into online social networks are seriously behind the times and missing out on lucrative opportunities. Social media sites connect people from all over the world on a single platform. Irrespective of the locations, genders and nationalities, social media users are constantly connected with one another. Popular networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. ave become the new advertising engines. Their growth is simply phenomenal and many companies have made perfect use of these sites and added millions of customers. The ways in which social media can be leveraged have not been entirely realized, there exists many benefits to be discovered, which remains a challenge for businesses. Social Media is an undergoing evolution of communication that has molded itself into an efficient tool for marketers, often times becoming the foundation of successful marketing strategies.

It allows them to reach out to customers and fans. Consumers are spending more time on the internet, more often than not on social media; they will spend less time using the communication the fullest need to reach their consumers in order to gain the latest knowledge on hese developments (De Pelsmacker, 2010). The objective of this literature review is to summarize some of the latest information regarding opportunities and challenges online social media offers as part of the marketing efforts for brands to their consumers.

Literature Review Social networking (SN) takes advantage of social media (SM) technology to connect with people and build relationships, both personally and professionally. Businesses can attract customers by creating profiles, describing their business, post pictures if applicable and making full use of all the other options made available by the social edia sites. Organizations can find and keep new customers by indulging in relationship marketing. It is important to develop relationships with target audiences.

Options like making friends, starting a community and creating fan pages etc. are perfect ways of expanding the reach of the business. As Amber Farley states, Social media marketing (SMM) is a type of marketing that takes advantage of social media and social networking methods to foster the communication between a brand and its consumers. SMM is made up of conversations, consumer-to-consumers, brand-to- consumer, and even consumer-to-brand (Farley, 2010). Brands gain the ability to interact directly with the consumers, cutting out the middle man.

Social media tools such as Twitter, Facebook, Myspace and LinkedIn are seen as effective ways to reach influential consumers in more meaningful ways and with quick response time from consumers. What makes these tools even more attractive is the sheer amount of active users and demographics that are available at any given time to potentially market your brand or product to. Facebook, as Oren Gil-Or states, for example “Is a very active network with more than 175 million users that are accessing the website ore than once a day.

Although considered a tool for young people, more than two- thirds (and growing) of its users are outside of college and the fastest growing demographic among its users is those 35 years and older” (Gil-Or, 2010). Before a company starts using social media, they have to deliberately think about which target it pursues. Social media marketing can be used for a variety of different purposes such as to increase traffic and improve visibility in search engine results as well as to increase brand perception or trying to raise the number of sales.

While building a trategy it is crucial for a company to know what it strives for (Farley, 2010, p. 27). After a firm clearly defined its goals it has to decide on which social site it wants to act, since different platforms serve different audiences. It is truly important to examine the desired platform in detail. As multiple researchers agree upon, a company has to start to actively listen and learn before diving into the social landscape in order to be able to act appropriate (Farley, 2010), (Smith, 2010).

This is the only way to be accepted by the community, the only way to not offend possible fans” and “followers” and the only way to adjust offers and services accordingly (Farley, 2010, p. 27). There are services that can be used prior to diving into the social media landscape to see what consumers are saying- and realize a brand is already in the social media universe whether they want it or not. An example of a positive step for a brand to take is to identify people who are talking in a positive way and “invite them to try your product”, such as coupons.

Another way to foster a positive impact is improve their future experience with the brand (Smith, 2010). It is Important to note s that firms should never completely rely on SMM, it has to be perceived as an additional marketing technique that is aligned to all other marketing activities and therefore to the company’s goals, resources and target market. It’s essential for those that are advertising to remember the factors that have an effect on consumer behavior and attitudes, because potential consumers are progressively making content about brands, something previously in control by business.

As a result, current studies have determined what features of social media affect consumer behaviors. Chu (2011) inspected the connection amongst Facebook brand associated roup contribution, advertising responses, and the factors of self-disclosure and approaches among those belonging to groups on Facebook. The study found that users who belong to groups on Facebook were more likely to talk about their personal information than nonmembers. A brand has a better chance of acquiring group members on their Facebook page if their consumers have a positive attitude toward their own advertising strategy, so they can receive promotional messages.

Knowing this, Chu (2011) says that a link is present amongst consumers’ use of groups on social media. The relationship between consumers’ use of and engagement with roup applications influences the rate and effectiveness of advertising on social media, particularly Facebook. Generally, as Chu (2011) notes, Social media sites have the ability to be a rich platform for online marketing strategies, particularly for organizations with an undeveloped target market, because Facebook’s users from the ages of 18-23 have the most favorable attitudes toward advertising using social media tools.

This college age group is also the largest growing demographic. One researcher, Cox (2010), found that consumers attitudes and perceptions toward online advertising methods (i. e. videos, online Journals, brand page) differed to some degree across some demographics. Cox discussed how users who belonged to the 18-24 demographic expressed positive feelings toward the various methods of online advertising. These users found these ad formats to be attractive, educational, and entertaining.

The 35-54 demographic preferred methods of advertising on a video and brand pages because they found them more appealing, informative, and had better placement within the layout of the webpage. Unsurprisingly, advertising methods that were non-intrusive and had positive attributes are accepted by users; n the other hand, ads that had interfered with the users’ social networking such as popups, floating boxes, and other various types of intrusive advertising were found highly unfavorable by users (Cox 2010).

A company’s or brand’s goal through advertising, regardless of how big or small, is to create consumer demand. The internet, specifically social media, is an entirely different breed and form of marketing. There are new strategies and means of accomplishing consumer demand. Among possible advantages is the capacity to offer a personalized relationship to consumers. It allows the ability to provide accurate and timely information to customers which generates additional sales. Before social media, people were being informed about new products by traditional forms of marketing. These channels are no longer efficient.

The capacity for a company to make recommendations is certainly among the most promising. For instance, Senecal and Nantel found that consumers Salespeople, (3) Publications and consumer reports (Senecal, Nantel, 2004). Potential consumers may see individuals talking about a specific product or brand on Facebook, Twitter, Yelp, etc. and it may potentially increase demand for individuals. Lauden & Traver, (2010) note that the more people that report about a particular product or service, the higher it appears in search engines’ results and subsequently will be read by millions of users.

This is highly important for firms, given the background that most of all Internet users get in contact with a companies’ website by using search engines. Problem Definition and Objective The development of the Internet, particularly the ground-breaking evolvement of WEB 2. 0, has completely changed the media landscape and subsequently the way people communicate. Nowadays, people can show their sympathy by pressing the “like-button” on someone else’s post on Facebook, write an article on getsatisfaction. om to express their anger about a firm’s low quality service or let videos simply speak for themselves after uploading them on YouTube. As Cyert (1992) claims, being adapted to its environment in the best possible way in order to maximize net revenue has always been among every firm’s main goals. So how should firms react in order to benefit from that trend? The primary goal of this paper is therefore to point out the relevant changes in Internet users’ behavior due to ecently evolved communication forms in social media.

I will then put a particular emphasis on its impact on firms’ prospective marketing strategies by critically evaluating the opportunities and barriers this development entails. Furthermore, the comprehension of that enormously significant effect shall be increased by taking into account the findings of Social Network Theory. Course of the Investigation Several academic works presenting the Social Network Theory will be discussed. In doing so, I will dedicate a special focus towards the features of the so-called strength of weak ties.

Furthermore, I will present various events that were key triggers in the development of the Internet throughout the course of the last decade, ultimately resulting in the Web 2. 0, the Internet as we know it today, as well as its impacts on interpersonal communication with regards to Social Network Theory. The knowledge derived from the previously described section will be used to illustrate the importance of investing in Social Media Marketing. In doing so, however, it is crucial to follow the prerequisites I will expose throughout this investigation in order to execute the campaign in a successful manner.

Finally, I will controversially discuss the opportunities and barriers that Social Media Marketing entails in order to answer the question whether an engagement should be conducted and its possible influence on traditional online marketing. Theoretical Foundations: Social Network Theory Since academic scholars’ first draw their attention to the scientific analysis of interpersonal behavior, inspired by the work “Who shall Survive” of Jacob Moreno, the term “Social Network Theory’ has become a widely discussed topic in modern sociology and its findings have gained a significant following in all different fields of tudies.

Social Network Theory, as we know it today, refers to the structural analysis of social relationships between people, based on systematic empirical data (Marsden, 1990). These relations are commonly displayed by nodes and ties, where nodes represent the individuals within the network and ties the connection between them, contact. Generally, these connections can be divided into strong and weak ties in order to denote the respective closeness of the individuals’ relationships.

The Strength of Weak Ties A very popular and renowned researcher in the field of sociology is Mark Granovetter ho thoroughly investigated the marginal value of strong and weak ties in social networks. He concluded, that “social systems lacking in weak ties will be fragmented and incoherent. New ideas will spread slowly, scientific endeavors will be handicapped, and subgroups will have difficulty reaching a modus Vivendi” (Granovetter, 1983, p. 202). To sum it up: the more links between several dense social systems exist, the faster information will spread.

A tremendously important experiment in social sciences and especially in this context is the “small world phenomenon”, conducted by Stanley Milgram in 1967, in which the number of ocial acquaintances required to connect two arbitrary persons was to be proven (Milgram, 1967). The result, that states it required around six people, significantly substantiates Granovetter’s thesis as weak ties were the driving factor that eventually connected these two persons, who did not know each other directly.

We can therefore summarize that weak ties not only impart knowledge to dense social networks but that their number is an incredibly important factor regarding the speed information can spread (Granovetter, 1983). WEB 2. 0: Historical Review of the Internet for the past 15 Years For many years the Internet was perceived as a echnology that allowed a small group of people to proactively publish information and data whereas the main part of Internet users were only enabled to consume the provided content (http://computer. howstuffworks. com).

The role allocation has been clearly determined as publisher and receiver. Around 2005 people realized that this relation began to change when services as wikis, podcasts, blogs, social networks and several other social media forms emerged that allowed any Internet user to generate, edit and publish content (O’Reilly, 2007). In the following I would like to point out the elevant changes that have shifted the Internet’s use from being a high-capacity information source towards an additional interpersonal communication medium: Firstly, webhosting and Internet domains have been becoming more favorable.

People can therefore easily obtain web space and a domain name in order to run their own web page (Weinberg, 2010, p. 14). At first that does not seem to be too important, but eventually we can observe the shift from a monopolistic structure, where only a few providers offered overpriced capacities to a small clientele, to a democratic use of this highly important resource.

Secondly, the process of designing and maintaining a web site is rather facilitated as open source-applications for web publishing Ooomla, Word-press, Drupal) and several standard open source-designs became available (O’Reilly, 2007). Thirdly, we observe a number of technological improvements, which have occurred within the last ten years, which not only led to a radically changed Internet using experience but also to a significantly improved usability.

For instance mash-up technologies – web applications that add value by combining multiple content sources via programming interfaces (API’s) – and also rich Internet applications” (Flash, Java, Ajax), which enable users to work with intuitive and dynamic one-screen applications, made it much more attractive for data hosting websites for photos (Flickr, snapshot,), videos (YouTube, eyespot, myvideo) and podcasts (Apple, Odeo) had a tremendous effect on the interpersonal communication via Internet as it was at no charge, simple to use and an entire new form of communication (Funk, 2008).

Finally, between 2006 and 2007 at the latest, when “Facebook opened to anyone with an e-mail address” (CrunchBase) and the number of Facebook users surpassed the 50,000,000 mark (http:// facebookmarketing. e), the era of online social networking started. That phenomenon especially gains importance according to Jim Sterne, a renowned pioneer of social media marketing, who states “It’s another channel. People like to use all different methods of communication” (Martinez, 2010, p. 19).

What has to be stressed is that it was more than a single factor that suddenly changed the entire structure into what Dale Daugherty defined as “Web 2. 0” (Weinberg, 2007, p. 17). It was rather the ongoing process of technological innovations, the lowered price for one’s own space in the World Wide Web, and in particular the way people perceived and therefore sed the Internet as an additional communication medium. Definition Social Media Marketing Since there exists no general perception of what social media marketing exactly is, I will give a clear definition that underlies the whole course of investigation.

In my opinion, social media marketing (SMM) is the process that enables people to advertise their websites, products or services with the help of social media in order to attract a vast community that would otherwise not be easily approachable. Important to note, SMM is heavily based on the dialogue between a company and its ustomers. Hence, it is a completely new way of communication. Why Social Media Marketing is Important: Changed Internet User’s Behavior As a matter of fact, between 2004 and 2009, time that people spent using the Internet doubled from six to twelve hours per week (Kerr, 2009).

According to Jon Gibs, vice president, media and agency insights, Nielsen’s online division, we additionally observe “a wholesale change in the way the Internet is used” (Nielsen, 2009). He thereby refers to an empirical study conducted by Nielsen in August 2009, that states time spent on social etworks and blogs accounted for 17 percent of all time spent in the internet, nearly triple as much as one year ago (Nielsen, 2009). We can therefore observe two significant changes in Internet users’ behavior due to the development that is called “Web 2. “: First the constantly increasing degree to which the Internet becomes an interactive medium has had a dramatic effect on pushing overall time-spent upward. In addition, important to note, a continually growing percentage of this time spent is dedicated to social networks and maintaining connections to one’s personal and professional contacts. Reference to Social Network Theory There exist few empirical studies, which prove that a higher engagement in online social networks is positively correlated with an increase in social capital.

However, it is clear that the Internet provides an alternative way to establish contacts with people who share same the interests and goals (Horrigan, 2002; Ellison, Heino, & Gibbs, 2006; Parks & Floyd, 1996). A survey conducted by Pew Internet (2009) reports “that mobile phone and Internet users, particularly people using social networking sites have more numerous and diverse social ties”. The evolvement of Web 2. 0 weak ties. As a consequence, information transfers far more quickly than ever before regardless the topic, the number of dialogue partners or the distance between these people (Funk, 2008).

The Decline of Traditional Marketing Forms Before the evolvement of social media, people were being informed about new products by traditional forms of marketing such as printed advertising or TV- commercials. These established communication channels are not efficient anymore (Weinberg, 2010, p. 15). Nowadays, any Internet user has got the possibility to communicate his opinion about a service or product by writing an article on his blog, weeting its criticism on twitter or simply add a recommendation on Yelp.

The more people report about a particular service, the higher it appears in search engines’ results and subsequently will be read by millions of users (Lauden & Traver, 2010). This is highly important for firms, given the background that most of all Internet users get in contact with a companies’ website by using search engines. Increased Significance of Recommendations The importance of recommendations within the purchase decision process is highly significant and has been the reason for various investigations: According to Nielsen

Global Online Consumer Survey (Nielsen, 2009), 70 percent of respondents said they trust consumer opinions posted online. Furthermore, consumers are much more likely to buy products that were recommended online by others (Senecal, Nantel, 2004). Firms who know to influence these driving factors in the purchasing process will therefore experience a huge gain in terms of prospective brand recognition, traffic and sales! In the following I will explain how companies can proactively use social media to leverage brand awareness and reach other marketing goals. Finding New Customers by Social Media Sites

Many organizations have started to invest in social media marketing. However, no business likes to invest in a venture/strategy without measuring the return on investment (ROI). In case of social media, there is one very effective method to measure the ROI and that is customer acquisition. Social media sites provide wonderful opportunities to companies to find new customers. These sites are particularly useful for smaller businesses and entrepreneurs. It comes as no surprise to find that nearly half of small businesses around the world have acquired customers through social networks.

Social media websites have come as a boon for small business houses that can acquire new customers and advertise their products/ services at a much lesser cost. The success ofa business is very much determined by its ability to attract new customers to its fold. That explains the emphasis on social media sites by companies. These websites are where businesses get to meet as many different people as possible, know their interests, contacts and spread the information that they are open for business.

Quite a large number of companies are known to provide budgetary allocation to advertising on social media sites. There are very few ways better than social media marketing to let the word out about your business to attract new customers. Internet is a global phenomenon and using it, business houses can reach millions if not billions of people. Using Social Media Proactively Firms can distribute a mostly odd or enigmatic message to call attention to a brand, a media offer (Weinberg, 2010, p. 5).

The firm tries therefore to proactively influence Internet users, preferably people who have got a rather extended network with numerous weak ties, in order to leverage brand awareness and achieve other marketing goals. It is especially successful, as most people perceive the social network space to be generally vendor-free. Furthermore, Gil-Or (2010) claims the fact that the information is delivered by other consumers strongly increases its trustworthiness. Due to its potential to spread as fast as an epidemic it is referred to as Mral marketing” (Weinberg, 2010).

What has to be stressed is that viral marketing requires the effort to initiate the message somewhere in the World Wide Web. Even though this method belongs to word of mouth marketing, it is not part of the social media marketing aspects I have been dedicating my focus to throughout this nvestigation as it is not based on the communication between a firm and its customers and rather uses the fast-paced information flow social media offer, and will thus not be further evaluated.

Critical Evaluation of Social Media Marketing: The Fear of Engaging in Social Media As defined, social media marketing heavily relies on the communication between a company and its customer. It tries to channel and control what Katie Delahaye Paine, CEO of KD Paine & Partners and a very experienced marketing consultant, splendidly expressed in her article “New School Of Thought” in 2009 (Paine, 2009). Thanks to advances in technology that have made it incredibly easy and virtually free to create content, your customers, your employees and other stakeholders are now the media, the editors and the reviewers.

They are in control, and theyre going to let you know what they think by voicing their opinions and changing their behavior. As outlined, any information about a company could rapidly spread through the Internet and firms’ control about what people communicate is strictly limited. Automatically, that is often perceived as a thread. Not for nothing, nervousness about customer’s compliances is the most frequently entioned reason why most American banks are afraid of engaging in social media (Farley, 2010, p. 27). Nevertheless firms have to accept that the way people communicate has changed.

The Internet has fostered the dialogue and there will be conversations about companies’ products, regardless whether the firms participate or not (Weinberg, 2010, p. 18). Mike Murphy, vice president of global sales for Facebook, simply noticed once “You can’t control the message like you could before, but you can certainly shape the dialogue” (Sam Smith). Enterprises who accept that shift of power nd succeed in implementing well-planned social media marketing strategies will reap its benefits. A growing number of firms has recognized that shift and have already acted.

According to Word-of-Mouth Marketing Forecast 2009-2013, by PQ Media (www. pqmedia. com), spending on word-of-mouth (WOM) marketing rose 10. 2% to $1. 70 billion in 2009. Additionally marketers are progressively integrating WOM with online media. Spending on WOM online communities increased 26. 6% to $119 million. If a firm has made the first step and has decided to start engaging in SMM there are several key points that have to be considered in order to successfully mplement the social media marketing strategy (Weinberg, 2010, p. 21).

Without complying with these prerequisites a company will experience devastating consequences that possibly lead to a worsened brand reputation as well as firms have to be vigilant about when engaging in SMM. Prerequisites for Successful Social Media Marketing: Develop a Strategy Before a company starts using social media, they have to deliberately think about which target it pursues. Social media marketing can be used for a variety of different purposes such as to increase traffic and improve visibility in search engine results as well as to ameliorate brand erception or trying to raise the number of sales (Weinberg, 2010).

I will go into further details later on regarding the possible benefits of SMM, but while building a strategy it is crucial for a company to know what it strives for (Farley, 2010). After a firm clearly defined its goals it has to “decide on which social site it wants to act, since different platforms serve different audiences” (Lake & Sutcliffe, 2010). Hence, it is truly important to examine the desired platform in detail. A company has to start to “actively listen and learn before diving into the social landscape”(Farley, 2010, p. 27) n order to be able to act appropriate.

This is the only way to be accepted by the community, the only way to not offend possible “fans” and “followers” and the only way to adjust offers and services accordingly (Farley, 2010, p. 27). Important to note is that firms should never completely rely on SMM, it has to be perceived as additional marketing techniques that are aligned to all other marketing activities and therefore to the companys goals, resources and target market (Van Rensselar, 2009). Take Engagement Seriously and Monitor Activities As discussed, social media can possibly harm companies’ reputation significantly.

Nevertheless a lot of firms do not take their engagement seriously, as a consequence junior staff or even interns are given the task to observe, handle and report the activities on social sites that are being used by the firm (Proulx, 2010). Even though these young people know the Internet and its use rather well, their lack of business knowledge can significantly harm the company’s renowned (Proulx, 2010). Firms have to acknowledge the importance of social media and therefore react appropriately.

Companies ought to hire professionals such as consultants or specialized social edia marketers who handle that important part of a firms marketing strategy. SMM is not about broadcasting a message to potential customers, but it is truly based on the dialogue between the company and its customers. Hence, constantly monitoring is an indispensable condition (Perlik, 2009, p. 30; Proulx, 2010, p. 12), otherwise firms could appear to be not interested in what their purchasers think and complain about. Moreover they even run the risk of missing a possibly dangerous grievance.

The example of Domino’s Pizza illustrates that perfectly: In April 2009 two employees ecorded a video about all the mischief they created in the kitchen and were seen putting a piece of cheese up their noses. The video went viral and within 48 hours more than one million views were recorded on YouTube. As a consequence, within two days the credibility ofa 50 years old company was ruined. Be Honest and Transparent Appearing as a credible, honest and transparent entity is essential for building brand awareness and loyalty with customers (Weinberg, 2010, p. 6; Amber Farley, 2010, p. 27). A company has to elucidate its main goals and values to its customers as well as it has to communicate its successes and mistakes publicly. If firms start faking apparent customer contentment it will always be revealed eventually (Weinberg, famous “Wal-Mart’s Jim and Laura: The Real Story'(Gogoi, 2006) substantiates. Social media marketing is an ongoing process. “Involvement in social media should never have an end date since at its core, that involvement is about nurturing customer relationships”(Proulx, 2010, p. 2). Companies have to realize that engaging in social media is not primarily about spreading a message in order to attract potential customers’ attention but about acknowledging customers’ complaints as well as their esires and therefore building sustainable relationships as illustrated in fgure two. Opportunities and Barriers of Social Media Marketing By now, it has become obvious that social media marketing offers a variety of opportunities for firms, which know to comply with all above mentioned prerequisites.

In the following I would like to explain the possible benefits of such engagement in detail: Increased Traffic and Visibility in Search Engine Results A popular reason for engaging in social media marketing is the desire for an increase in traffic. The more people visit a particular website the higher the chance becomes hat additional clients are being generated (Weinberg, 2010, p. 30). Another advantage of a frequently visited domain is its increase with respect to value for possible on-site display marketing such as wallpapers and skyscrapers.

Hence, the site’s owner can demand higher prices for its advertising space. Eventually, higher traffic will also have an effect on brand awareness as more people get in touch with the company’s offered products and services. In addition a well-planned SMM campaign can help edging out bad promotion in the form of links that are highly ranked in search engine results (Weinberg, 2010, p. 3). Branding Effect Brand recognition can be heavily influenced by an engagement in social media as a study of Immediate Future (Immediate Future) has shown.

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Mills and Bergers agree to the notation that “things are not what they seem” because basically humans are always looking for whats really behind the scenes of what is really going on. No one really believes everything they hear on tv or the internet etc. r really believe on ones description of ones self. Mainly because one will always make themselves seem better and “cooler” then who they really are. Humans are always trying to find what really going on in situations or who someone really is not who they say they are to be. One in a selected group of people is got a set of descriptions to that group weather good or bad. But people who look behind find that those stereotypes are not always what they seem to be. Coming to find that in society things aren’t always what they seem.

And the debunking of society is agreed upon because people have set roles depending on what and who people really are. The unmasking tendency is the searching for more o reality then Just the what is thought to be believed. This is only possible “if one does not take the concepts of one’s own society or even of an entire historical period… for granted… ” the common sense beliefs and social actions are illusionary because one who goes about the every day way of living is Just going through the motions. Its like people now a days are robots, agreeing to things they don’t agree etc. its all Just an illusion to what is seemed.

For example in class we would talk about how for example at work or when a friend or stranger asks “how are you doing” Just naturally humans will respond good. Now one who asks that doesn’t really know weather they are doing good or not but they like to hear that they are doing good. If one was to say they weren’t doing good and go on about how bad they are they wouldn’t know how to react. It Just shows how back to that “things are not what they seem” public sociology is basically the spread of sociology and bringing and teaching sociology with discipline to a wider audience of people.

And a societal condition is basically a social issue that is frowned upon by others. Examples being like DWI’s and crime and even the smallest issues such as like blasting music while driving. People view these situations as problems even though the person doing this may not view what was done as a problem or issue. Sociologists need to speak out on this though because people need to see and record the different points of views of people and why they do the things they do. 2. ) The social actors private orbit is what is basically the limited amount to what one is able to view.

Ones doesn’t look at everything and isn’t really able to with in the boundaries they have preventing them from seeing more. Ones self has a family a home and a Job etc. which only allows him or her to see what they do on there every day life. Only sees the city or town they live in and possibly surrounding close. Ones self isn’t able to view everything on around them. The social script is basically how you act and interact in different situations. Ones self acts different at home then they do hanging out with friends. Its how you talk maneuver and act in their different surroundings.

Everyone is like this for example at work you have to show professionalism and be nice even if you are having a bad day. It’s what we do that tries to describe who we are to people by showing them how we talk or act weather or not that’s how we really are. I feel this is eeded to be done in a lot of situations though to get by with things. Ones social self is what one is to others or wants to show who he or she is to others. One will dress and act and talk in the way they want or their own way and it will give others an idea on who they are as a person etc. ts ways of being your self. These things may change often but its what makes you, you. For ones social self it is impacted greatly on gender, age, ethnicity, family etc. reasons being I believe is so that one can be able to fit in with others. When it comes to race there is a way I feel that a race is expected o act or has acted so one acts along with that past or present. With family your family has a huge impact on how you act and how you are raised has a huge impact on what your social self is.

Your peers and who you surround yourself with has a major impact on how you are as a person. Personal experience I hang and surround my self with skateboarders and “festi go-ers” and partiers etc. and people have seen me with this crowd and I may dress like this crowd so my first impression with people they Just assume a lot right away. I know the pressure to do things in certain roups and situations are high at times and you feel like you gotta live up to your standards and who your are seen to be.

One may over come this social construction of the social actor by finding the true self of one and getting outside of there normal everyday area and getting out and seeing the world and Just being them selves and letting who ever likes them for who they are. I think one who is willing to go out and put themselves in other areas and possibly all over the map with people and groups they are in can really see how everyone views things poor, rich, cool, loser, happy or sad. Once one is able to see all he different points of views from all over the world I feel one can find ones self and become the one that is most wanted.

Everything done has a reason behind it or cause. One can over come this all by basically getting out of their norm. 3. ) I asked my grandpa what he thought of social reality of the homelessness in the world. He basically summed it up in the fact that it’s the life style of living now a days for all these kids. They get their new technology and all this and that and then when its time for them to hit the real world they don’t have the people to support them anymore and they end up becoming homeless. Also all the stupid drugs that are out in the world now. All these homeless people are Just bumming money to get more crack.

None of them use or save there money to actually get themselves out of the huge rut theyre in. Plus if it wasn’t so hard to get a Job now a days you wouldn’t have as much of this problem around. They make it how you cant get a Job without some sort of degree. Even if one knows the subject so well yet don’t have a degree not much you can do about it. And a lot of Jobs don’t give kids the money now a days to support themselves and school because school has gotten so expensive. Then he oes to bring up the free masons and all that about how the rich are out to get richer don’t work out like that.

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Image can be defined as a reproduction or an imitation of something or as a mental picture or impression of something (Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, 2011). Most images are hard to distinguish because it is based on subjective perception and opinion. The forever-changing image of nursing is an example of how subjective perceptions affect the profession. Different stereotypes engraved and the portrayal in the media of nursing can influence the image of the profession. The roles of these aspects including the lack of uniformity of nursing will be iscussed.

Nurse Stereotypes In the profession of nursing many stereotypes arise. The mixed connotations of these stereotypes cause confusing images of nurses. Some stereotypes are angel of mercy and sex bombshell. Stereotypes of the male nurse will also be discussed. Nurses described as angels of mercy can be dated back as far as the era of the Crimean War (Huston, 2014, p. 329). The angel of mercy image is saint-like, going “above and beyond” caring for the sick. When one thinks of an angel of mercy, Florence Nightingale comes to mind. She cared for the injured and sick during the Crimean War.

In 2011 there was an ad by Kaiser Permanente portraying the nurse as an angel of mercy. In the ad Kaiser Permanente’s depiction of nurses is as follows, “nurse means noble. Nurse means selfless… Nurses are nurses because their capacity to care is colossal” (Truth About Nursing. 2011). With positive features of the angel of mercy there are negative features as well. Some may believe this stereotype hurts the profession. The angel of mercy title may mean to some as a nurse being herculean, phenomenal, or superhuman. These characteristics can be misleading, ortraying nurses as overly extraordinary making it complicated if they fail.

The sex bombshell stereotype of nurses conveys negative attention to the profession. The “sexy nurse” wears short skirts, thigh high stockings, red lipstick, and tight tops showing off their breasts. The “sexy nurse” can be seen throughout the media during the 1960s and 1970s. M*A*S*H (1970) depicted a nurse, “Hot Lips” Houlihan as seductive. This illustration was demeaning, bringing negative attention to the profession when the profession was beginning to be recognized. More interest was given to the sexuality of the bombshell nurse than their skill and xpertise.

The negative attention in M*A*S*H (1970) downgraded the profession of nursing paving the way for the unconstructive portrayal of nurses in shampoo and gum commercials (Huston, 2014, p. 331). Male nurses are also stereotyped. They can be viewed as homosexual, hypersexual, non-achievers, less compassionate, and less caring (Huston, 2014, p. 333). Homosexuality is a common label of male nurses because nursing is seen as a predominately female occupation. Male nurses seen as hypersexual can be a result of some thinking that the only reason males become nurses are to feed their sexual arousal.

Being in close quarters to the deprived and weak may entice the hypersexual nurse resulting in bad behavior. The “non-achiever” may also be a occupation, not mixed gender. In an article describing the roles of the nurse it is said that, “men were doctors and women were nurses. Doctors diagnosed and treated patients; nurses cared for the needs of patients” (Connolly, 2008). Males in nursing could be seen as compliant not going the extra mile in obtaining a doctorate degree. Also male nurses may be seen as mediocre and not qualified (Huston, 2014, p. 333).

Take for instance the movie Meet the Parents in 2000. The movie’s main character, a male nurse was depicted as a non-achiever because he was compliant and happy in his position as nurse. These stereotypes of the male nurse make it hard for the profession to recruit males. Nursing in the Media Many stereotypes in nursing stem from the media. Shows such as “ER”, “Nurse Jackie”, “Greys Anatomy’, and most recently, “Scrubbing In” depicts nurses in a non- professional manner. Inappropriately, this can make a negative impact on the future prospects in nursing, and the way society portrays nursing. Scrubbing In”, is a reality show that first aired on Oct 24, 2013. The premise of the show is to follow the lives of travel nurses as they fulfill an assignment in California . Unfortunately, instead of highlighting the effort nurses make in caring for their patients, the show airs scenes of the nurses arguing, getting drunk, partying, and exposing themselves to other people. Karen A. Daley, president of the American Nurses Association (ANA), wrote a letter to Music Television (MTV) expressing her great disappointment in the way the show depicted the nursing profession .

In the letter, Ms. Daley mentioned that nurses have an increase in responsibility every day in healthcare and when edia displays the nursing profession as “MTV did with “Scrubbing In,” it can severely impair future nursing recruitment and increase the nursing shortage . She also mentioned that the image of nursing could become inaccurate to patients who need to trust and rely on the nurse to provide excellent care. Nursing image by means of the Internet, can be distorted, and alter the perception of the nursing profession.

Many images on Google between the years of 2001 to 2004 were found to be sexually suggestive and degrading, with women exposing cleavage in their scrub tops, wearing fishnet stockings, and garter belts (Huston, 2014). Unfortunately, when we conducted the same search, we have to concur that these images do exist even still in 2013 . The negative depiction of nurses in the media sparked a group of John Hopkins University graduate nursing students to formulate the, “Center for Nursing Advocacy’ which was unsuccessful due to legal technicalities (Huston, 2014).

Although that organization didn’t excel, Sandy Summers who belonged to that same group of graduate students created a new organization called, “Truth About Nursing (Huston, 2014). ” The purpose of this organization is to foster growth, strengthen the ursing profession, educate, research, and improve the healthcare system (Huston, 2014). Nursing stereotypes are still well ingrained, and tend to establish itself at an early age. By the age of three years old, gender roles and future careers begins to be present (Huston, 2014).

Interestingly, boys will consider “high-status” female Jobs Just as much as a “low-status” male Job, but the girls tend to consider female Jobs only (Huston, 2014). Promoting positive, non-gender bias nursing images during the early elementary school-age, can heighten a young boys perceptions of nursing, thus Implications for Practice The numerous stereotypes of nurses are an issue in the profession. These stereotypes lead to the confusion that “old stereotypes of nurses as overbearing, brainless, sexually promiscuous, and incompetent” (Huston, 2014, p. 328).

We have learned as the profession grows negative historical characteristics of the nurse need to be forgotten. They bring harmful attention to nurses making it difficult for the profession to be taken serious. In day-to-day practice we need to shed light on the positive, constructive attributes of nurses like, caring, skillful, and competent. As Karen Daley stated in her letter to MTV, the negative images influence the attitudes of clients . But it also negatively impacts the perception of other healthcare providers, politicians, and policy makers (Huston, 2014).

This led to our professional growth by encouraging us to become active in creating a positive image of the nursing profession. We all will have worked hard for our degree and have experienced many ups and down, so it is upsetting that the media can make a few shows, and it automatically creates a negative stigma on the nursing profession. Nursing is a profession One of the first necessary steps needed to be made is reclaiming the title “nurse”. Currently the term nurse is used very loosely with individuals who are not incensed to practice as a nurse using the term. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) stated that the term “nurse” should be protected by law and applied to and used only by those legally authorized to practice the full scope of nursing” (ICN, 2004). Protection of the title “nurse” would also warrant for the discontinuation of its use by UAPs. Commonly, patients are confused as to who really is the registered nurse ecause most of the staff refers to themselves as nurses. Reclaiming the title means that only the registered nurse can use the title and confusion regarding who the nurse truly is will diminish.

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In Smartphone Evolution, Macworld. December 2012, Vol. Issue 12 pg 28-32). ” Over the years I have had many different smart phones but the iphone is the only one I have been completely satisfied with. I believe that the ‘phone is the most unique cutting edge technology you can buy because of face time, Siri, and its excellent quality and features. By far the most unique feature on the iphone would have to be face time. Face time is a video chat like Skype but it’s on your phone. This feature allows you to see the person you are talking to wherever they are. Being able to connect with my family and friends in this special way is something I now wouldn’t want to go without.

I use face time with my dad when he is out of town and with my boyfriend when we are away from each other. It’s so nice to see their face and their surroundings during our conversations. I’m also able to screen shot during face time, which allow me to take pictures of our conversations. Can you imagine how nice it would be to have face time if you had family and friends who lived far away? To be able to see their face anytime, anywhere keeps you connected in a way no other smart phone can. Another amazing feature is Siri. Siri stands for Speech Interpretation and Recognition Interface.

This hands free feature allows you to make calls, send messages, set reminders, make appointments, and do so much more. Simply ask her and even tell you how many miles it is from earth to mars. I use Siri the most for navigation. She does an excellent Job getting me where I need to go. When I am in an unfamiliar place I can find a restaurant, gas station, or even a good hotel. When it comes to information, Siri is a talking Google. Any question you have, she has the answer. Most people would Just search the internet for information they need, but if you have an ‘phone you bypass searching different websites when you ask Siri.

This xclusive feature is only available on some, not all iphone models. No other smart phone can compare to the iphone when it comes to quality and cutting edge technology. ‘phones come equipped with an ‘sight camera with eight megapixels that produces amazing picture quality. I use my phone to take pictures more than I do my camera. Having long battery life is important if you are on your phone a lot. ‘phones come with a built in rechargeable lithium ion battery that allows you up to 8 to 10 hours of talk time. So whether you are talking, texting, or on the lightning fast internet you don’t have to worry about charging your phone.

In the article Iphones5 Takes Next Step In Smartphone Evolution, Jason Snells states “The iphone5 offers major advances on almost every front. In the technology industrys fast moving product category, it’s the best version of the most successful product produced by the world’s most valuable company. ” This is certainly true with the iphones5s. It has touch ID fingerprint identity sensor. Instead of entering a pass code to unlock your phone, this feature allows you to place your finger on the home button to unlock. This makes it easier, faster, and to keep your ‘phone secure. What other smart phone can do that?

Once you own an iphone you will never be satisfied with any other. It has superior quality and so many unique features I never knew I even needed and now I couldn’t live without. Face time helps you stay close with the people you love in such a special way and Siri is like having an intelligent best friend. The ‘phone truly is a smart phone and I personally can’t wait to see what they come up with next. Most models cost about the same as any Droid and with a contract through Verizon or another provider, it can cost less. If you are due for an upgrade or Just want the best technology has to offer, it’s time for an ‘phone.

Complementary and Alternative Treatment for ADHD best college essay help: best college essay help

Disorder is a behavioral, developmental and neurobiological disorder that is a commonly diagnosed disorder in children. This disorder is associated with developmentally high levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention and has a high rate of comorbid diagnosis such as anxiety, depression, and mood disorders. It is estimated that 3-5 percent of children suffer from this disorder and 60 percent of those cases show symptoms of ADHD through adolescents and adulthood (Bakhshani 1).

ADHD is complex and is often associated with genetic nd biological environmental factors that contribute to the many symptoms of the disorder. Influenced by family history, personality, genetics and the environment, symptoms of ADHD can be associated with a broad range of emotional, mental and behavioral problems. People diagnosed with ADHD tend to have difficulty in focusing, and following task through to completion; they are easily distracted, forgetful, disorganized, and also have the tendency to have mood swings and anger problems.

If symptoms go untreated it could cause a wide range of additional problems to nclude low self-esteem, aggressive behavior, anxiety and depression and even suicidal thoughts. In order to treat symptoms of ADHD, the first line treatment process consists of stimulant medications. Attention Deficit Hyperactive disorder and treatment can be very difficult depending on the person being diagnosed and the severity of the disorder.

It is noted that 90 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD will receive some form of medication as treatment for their symptoms and out of that 90 percent, 70 percent will receive stimulant medications as a first line treatment process (Ducca 9). Long- cting stimulant medications are recommended because the results tend to show longer-lasting, smoother improvement of symptoms. Although, stimulant medication helps control symptoms of ADHD there are several side effects associated with it. Some of these side effects are the potential for abuse and addiction, loss of appetite, headaches, weight loss, nervousness and insomnia.

Physicians and parents are seeking CAM treatments due to the negative side effects associated with the disorder. Complementary and Alternative Medicine is considered to be a safe and effective form of treatment for ADHD. Conditionally, it is a matter of finding the ppropriate treatment that fits the needs and conditions of the individual that is 20 and 40 percent of healthy children and over 50 percent of children diagnosed with chronic and recurrent diagnosed conditions use complementary treatments in pursuit of health and well-being (Ducca 9).

CAM treatments are used because they are natural, safe and effective ways to treat symptoms of ADHD. There are several CAM treatments available to include homeopathic treatment, electroencephalogram (EEG) feedback, diet modifications, fatty acid supplementation, nutritional modifications, exercise therapy, to include physical activities and a green outdoor etting. All of which have shown to have a positive impact on the alternative treatment of this disorder. Homeopathic treatments are one of the most popular treatments used in treating ADHD.

In order for the treatment to be effective the homeopathic practitioners need to know all of the patient’s symptoms, and medical history to include any and all mental and emotional symptoms they may have. Homeopathic treatment identifies the illness and finds specific medications that will suit the individual and characteristics of the symptoms. By doing so, the practitioner is treating the patient and not the symptoms. Research displayed that 85 percent of participants in a study group conducted for treatments of ADHD improved over a 12 week period (Pellow, Solomon, Barnard 332).

In this study, the treatment consisted of a mixture of remedies that were all natural and related directly to the disorder so that the treatment would accurately treat the symptoms on each individual case. Homeopathic treatments safely and quickly relieve symptoms including hyperactivity, inattentiveness, poor concentration, and difficulty reading and writing. It will balance energy levels and provides therapeutic support for optimal overall health and vitality, s well as provide fast, all-natural symptom relief with no negative side effects.

Usa and china foreign policy grad school essay help: grad school essay help

The flurry of speculation and polemic that has characterized U. S. -Chinese relations in the past decade or so reached a new intensity with the leadership turnover in China earlier this year. As Barack Obama started his second term in office and Xi Jinping assumed power in March, renewed debates emerged about the future of U. S. – Chinese relations, still perceived as the two greatest competitors for hegemonic status in international affairs. However, the reevaluation of this critical relationship has in fact known successive rounds.

With the shock of the recession, the economic scramble” for Africa (both Xi Jinping and Obama visited Africa earlier this year with grand investment plans) and not least the agitation that China feels is instigated by the United States in South East Asia, the relations between the two countries have reached occasional strains. This relationship has also been punctuated by a few frictional episodes such as accusations of cyber spying against Beijing or inescapable dilemmas over environmental issues (both fearing that unilateral reductions of C02 emissions would slow down their economies and reduce the leverage of one against the other).

Such moments added further conundrums to this critical relationship and scholars and policy analysts alike have been keen to propose their forecasts. In the field of international relations, the scholarly explanations for U. S. -Chinese relations are commonly divided among realists, liberals and constructivists, and ranging from pessimistic to optimistic scenarios. Realists predict inescapable security dilemmas and power balancing arising between the two countries, further complicated by regional dynamics and the possession of nuclear weapons by both.

On a more optimistic note, the liberal argument stresses the economic interests and nstitutional connections between the two countries (including membership in international organizations) as enablers of trust and cooperation. The pacifying potential of economic interdependence as well as the a priori assumption that the two countries would act as rational actors are hypothesized as factors for cooperative and peaceful relations.

Constructivists frame this relation in terms of the learning process the two countries undergo and the shifting norms that can occur with repeated interactions and elites’ socialization. In this ongoing debate, practice often recedes theory, so the dose of optimism and pessimism about U. S. -Chinese relations varies as events unfold. However, the relations between the United States and China can be best described in the long run in the framework of symbiotic realism, which provides an analytical framework for international relations in an anarchic world of instant connectivity and interdependence.

Competition, the pursuit of interests and power have been perennial features of international politics and it would be hopelessly utopian to assume the opposite, even in a context of economic and financial interdependence. Yet, interdependence and connectivity do play a crucial role in shaping actors’ behavior, compelling them to assess their foreign affairs with pragmatism. This is and will remain the dominant undercurrent in U. S. – Chinese relations, mirroring symbiotic relations. Symbiosis in nature refers to a generally mutually beneficial.

A distinct class of symbiosis, mutualism, refers to one party gaining from a relationship without causing serious disadvantage to the other. The nature of U. S. -Chinese relations subscribes to this description if only one considers the predominant dimensions of these relations: one country redominantly borrows while the other lends, one produces, the other consumes. Nevertheless, mistrust, ideological incompatibly and competition endure in many areas of the relations between the United States and China.

Moreover, emotionality pervades through both countries’ foreign-policy discourses. Both the U. S. and Chinese strategic cultures, informed by their distinct cultural and historical baggage, infuse a sense of exceptionalism to their actions. The United States regards itself as a promoter of universal values and China takes pride in its long history and Sinic ulture, coupled with a perception of humiliation by the West in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Virtuousness and emotionality thus arise as potential factors that complicate interstate relations.

However, according to the logic of symbiosis, it is highly unlikely that any of these factors could escalate to fracture their relations. Their level of interdependence compels them to focus on the big picture rather than get trapped in small dissensions and endless security dilemmas. This understanding has already gained traction in both countries. Not surprisingly, when Hillary Clinton escribed the “different kind of relationship” with China at a conference at the U. S.

Institute for Peace in March 2012, the message was clear: “We’ve gone from being two nations with hardly any ties to speak of… to being thoroughly, inescapably interdependent. ” The evolution of this relation, now based on unprecedented connectivity, speaks for itself: “In 1972, our countries were connected only through a narrow official channel – one member of government talking to another. Today, the web of connections linking our nations is vast and complex, and reaches into Just bout every aspect of our societies. Our economies are tightly entwined.

And so is our security. ” As the United States rejects any disposition for zero-sum competitions, the Chinese leader has similarly ended a recent interview on a conciliatory note, stating that “the vast Pacific Ocean has enough space for two large countries like the United States and China. ” These positive exchanges might not be a guarantee for eternal peace. Nevertheless, the framework of symbiotic realism permits a set of safe assumptions of long-term relevance even though states interact in a context of nternational anarchy and are not always rational actors.

Competition, antagonism and egoistic interests are bound to persist between the United States and China but in the particular context of their interdependence, these will be restrained for as long as the two giant powers remain locked in a symbiotic relationship. In a world of increasing interdependence, symbiotic realism is not Just an explanatory framework for U. S. -Chinese relations but widely relevant to global politics. It explains how divergences are accommodated, eliminating zero-sum calculations and making way for pragmatism.

Explain how external and internal influences college essay help free: college essay help free

Title: Explain how external and internal influences may impact on business opportunities in Australia. Purpose: Explaining how external and internal influences may impact on opportunities businesses have in Australia. Introduction: External influences such as Financial, geographic, social, economic and competitive situation are all influences that impact business opportunities in Australia. Internal influences such as products, locations, resources and management are also factors that contribute to business opportunities in Australia.

These influences can affect a usiness dramatically, the external influences are harder for a business to change as they are influences that a business itself cannot change, internal influences are easier for a business to change. External influences: Financial influences can impact on businesses as they are always changing and are very unsustainable. With interest rates and access of loans constantly changing it is hard to stay financially stable.

Geographical Influences have large impacts on business activity as the geographical location can change factors and lead to changes in the nature of product and service. Social influences can affect the business if it doesn’t respond to changes in taste, fashion and culture and can lead to a decline in sales. If the business responds to changes in fashion and culture the sales will increase. If a decline in sales occurs is may cause threat to the businesses stability & visibility.

Economical influences can affect the business with the economic cycles changing from boom to recession. Competitive situation can affect the business depending on the number of competitors and the size of competitors. External influences are influences, which highly impact on the business opportunities in Australia, as businesses themselves cannot change external influences. An example of an external influence is Myer excepting a lower net profit, as they are losing up to 5% of their profits to other competing stores, especially now to internet shopping.

This could be helped by Myer introducing online shopping to its customers, and discounts when they use the online accounts. Internal influences: Products influences business opportunities in the way they provide a variety of products for consumers to buy. If people don’t like the products they will not business opportunities as if your business is located in a poor area you might not get h customer satisfaction you want. If your business does not have good management and resources is will struggle in up holding good business quality.

An example of an internal influence is that a corner store in the middle of a bush wouldn’t do as well as a corner store on a busy street in the city as less customers would be walking past a bush on a daily basis. Conclusion: Internal and external influences impact on business opportunities in many different ways, the NSW Government has seen the need that growth and support in businesses in NSW is necessary for a business to economical grow.

Moral Relativism college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Paul Sartre’s atheistic existentialism divides the world into 2 groups, authentic and inauthentic. Authentic people are distinguished by their deliberate choices to use their freedom to find purpose and meaning in their existence, while inauthentic people are characterized by passivity. John Gardner disagrees with moral relativism evidenced in Sartre’s existentialism and chooses to believe in moral absolutes. He portrays Grendel in his book Grendel as a condemnation of the moral relativism expressed by Jean Paul Sartre’s ideas of atheistic existentialism.

Through Grendel’s experiences with contrasting religions and his philosophical mentors, Grendel chooses to embody Sartre’s idea of authenticity by terrorizing the people around him. Through Grendel’s initial attraction with the Shaper, a scop and a symbol of the Old Testament, Gardner shows how Grendel is able acknowledge moral absolutes like music. The Shaper’s stories and music fascinate Grendel. He deeply moves Grendel and through his songs, even manages to convince Grendel that he is a monster shunned by god and a descendant from Cain. “l believed him. Such was the power of the Shaper’s harp!

Stood wriggling my face, letting tears down my nose, grinding my fists into my streaming eyes, even though to do it I had to squeeze with my elbow the corpse of the proof that both of us were cursed” (Grendel 51). Grendel knows that the Shaper tells lies, but the Shaper’s beautiful music and persuasive voice convinces Grendel that he is a terrible race cursed by God. Grendel believes the Shaper’s portrayal of his purpose is wrong and becomes overwhelmed. He runs to the humans in hope of communicating with them. “l sank to my knees, crying, “Friend! Friend! ” They hacked at me, yipping like dogs” (52).

All Grendel wants is to be accepted and find purpose to guide his life. So when the humans reject him, he chooses to ignore what the Shaper says about him. Gardner uses the Shaper to show how even after Grendel is introduced to moral absolutes, he rejects them. In denial of what the Shaper has said about him, Grendel decides to visit the dragon, which Gardner uses to represent sartrean and nihilistic values. The dragon tells Grendel: My knowledge of the future does not cause the future. It merely sees it, exactly as creatures at your low level recall things past … I do not change the future, I merely do what I say from the beginning.

That’s obvious, surely. Let’s say it’s settled then. So much for free will and intercession! (63) The dragon educates Grendel by saying that there is no free will in this universe, no choice, that things are already pre-determined, and there is nothing anyone can do to change it. The dragon also says, “That’s where the Shaper saves them. Provides an illusion of reality … spins it all together with harp runs and hoots, and they think what they think is alive, thinks Heaven loves them. It keeps them going” (65) He is trying to prove to Grendel how umans use and make up God and Heaven as a source of comfort and faith.

The dragon also blatantly says to Grendel that there is no god, no heaven, and no hell, that the universe has no purpose. He solidifies this idea by saying: A swirl in the speak pure metaphor, you understand then by chance a vast floating cloud of dust specks, an expanding universe … Complexities: green dust as well as the regular kind. Purple dust. Gold. Additional refinements sensitive dust, copulating dust, worshipful dust! Complexity beyond complexity, accident on accident until … 71) The dragon believes that the universe is all Just a pile of dust, that there might be different types, but in the end everything is Just dust.

He is also trying to say that the universe and everything in it is all really an accident. The dragon represents Sartre’s atheistic existentialism and nihilism when he chooses to sit on his pile of gold and not care about what Grendel does with his life because in the end, his existence on this planet doesn’t matter. In the end, Grendel listens to the dragon and begins to embody the same values. He says to himself, “l was Grendel, Ruiner of Meadhalls, Wrecker of Kings! ” (80) in an attempt to be authentic. Gardner shows how the dragon’s sartrean beliefs and moral relativism ultimately lead to the corruption of Grendel.

After becoming the destroyer of mead halls, Grendel notices Wealtheow, who becomes the greatest challenge to his sartrean values. “She was beautiful, as innocent as dawn on winter hills. She tore me apart as once the Shaper’s song had done” (102). Grendel is enchanted by her beauty and enraged when she is forced to serve even the lowest of the men. He realizes that she symbolizes the idea of moral bsolutes and Christian values. She sacrifices herself in order to save her people and family from war by becoming a peace weaver. She also acts selflessly and is a constant source of comfort to people. The queen smiled. Impossibly, like roses blooming in the heart of December, she said, “That’s past” (104). When the soldiers make fun of Unferth for killing his brothers, she goes up to him offering forgiveness. She symbolizes Christ, who is also born in December and is the epitome of what it means to be Christian. Grendel says, “l had seen the dragon. Ashes to ashes. And yet I was teased tortured by the red of her hair and set of her chin and the white of her shoulders— teased toward disbelief in the dragon’s truths” (108).

He is tempted to stray from the dragon’s views, because of how Wealtheow contradicts the dragon’s sartrean beliefs. Gardner portrays Wealtheow this way to show how Grendel remains inexorable in his sartrean and nihilistic beliefs even after she disproves them. Near the end of the novel, Grendel is presented yet another chance to change his sartrean and nihilistic ways through the arrival of Beowulf, who Gardner portrays as he epitome of Martin Buber’s beliefs. Buber believed that although one does not know if God is true, life is sacred and one must make a leap of faith to confirm or negate the idea of God.

Beowulf constantly gives Grendel a chance to change his mind. He says, “It’s coming, my brother. Believe it or not. Though you murder the world, turn plains to stone transmogrify life into I and it, strong searching roots will cracker your cave and rain will cleanse it” (170). He calls Grendel his brother even though they are enemies. He also demonstrates Buber’s ideas of I and thou, where verything is precious and meaningful. But when Grendel refuses to change his perspective, Beowulf has no choice but to kill Grendel. “My promise. Time is the mind, queens).

By that I kill you” (170). References to the Shaper, Hrothgar’s men, Beowulf himself, and Wealtheow are made because they all try to show Grendel how moral absolutes triumph over the moral relativism expressed by sartrean beliefs. They try to convince Grendel that there is a purpose to the universe and how God does exist. Grendel is Just too blind and ignorant to see it, which ultimately leads to his downfall. Gardner uses Beowulf and Grendel’s death to signify how Grendel is a condemnation of the moral relativism evidenced by Jean Paul Sartre’s ideas of atheistic existentialism.

The Universe does have a purpose and I concur with John Gardner that there are moral absolutes. There is a right and a wrong, and a difference between good and bad. There is a difference between cheating on a test to get an A and studying for 5 hours to get the same grade. Sartre’s existentialism grouped both good and bad together. Sartre would classify Adam Lanza, the shooter in Connecticut who caused he deaths of 26 innocent people with people like Mother Teresa, who spent their lives trying to make a difference.

I think that humans have free will and it is their choice to live their life how they want based on the decisions they make. I had a chance to either play tennis or baseball well so when I chose tennis, my life changed dramatically. I have no regrets. There is a purpose to life and it is one’s own choice to figure what it is and what to do with it. Although finding one’s purpose might take years or even decades, taking a leap of faith is necessary because in the end, nothing is certain.

Cosmological Argument grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Outline the key features of the cosmological argument The cosmological argument tries to answer the question “why is there a universe rather than nothing at all? ” As the argument draws on experience and observation it is synthetic posterior and inductive. With the use of inductive reasoning, it proposes the need for an eternal and necessary cause. Drawing from Plato’s observation that the universe has to be dependent on a primary mover, which was further developed by Plato’s greatest student Aristotle through his use of reducto ad absurdum reducing the argument to absurdity).

There is also the Kalam argument which tries to prove that the universe must have a cause. Pl : every event has a cause P2: the universe is an event C: God is the cause of the universe The different forms of the cosmological argument include three of the five ways Aquinas proposes in his book Summa Theologica. Aquinas’ first way was the argument of motion, this form of the cosmological argument sprung from the observation that everything is acted upon by something else.

Aquinas argued that there cannot be an infinite chain of regression otherwise the universe would not be here, but it is (reducto ad absurdum) and so there must be a primary mover. Aquinas suggested the primary mover is God. Pl: nothing can come from nothing P2: If there wasn’t a primary mover there would be no universe (reducto ad absurdum) but we know there is P3: there must be an unmoved prime mover C: the unmoved mover is God The second way of Aquinas is the causation argument.

This developed from the fact hat everything has a cause means that there cannot be an infinite regression of causes, there must be one necessary cause that started everything. Aquinas claims this first cause is God. Pl: everything has a cause P2: nothing can cause itself P3: without a first cause there would be no subsequent causes but we know this to be false (reducto ad absurdum) C: God is the first cause The contingency argument is Aquinas’ third way. This argument is different from the first two ways in the sense that it is formed from the idea that everything is ependent on something prior to it.

Aquinas believes that it is not possible for everything to be contingent, so there must be a non-contingent being which Aquinas claims to be God. Pl: things in the world are contingent P2: imagine everything was contingent; then there was one time when everything had passed out of existence (there was nothing) P3: If this was true then there would be nothing now but we know this is not true (reducto ad absurdum) P4: not everything can be contingent; there must be at least one thing that is necessary C: he necessary being is God.

Another philosopher who supported the cosmological argument was Gottfried Leibniz. He accepted the argument because he believes that there had to be a Leibniz argued “If you suppose nothing but succession of states and will not find any of them sufficient reason”. Leibniz rejected an infinite regress along with Aquinas because he did not believe it was a satisfactory explanation for existence. He accepted that God was the first uncaused cause on which everything is dependant.

Mongol Empire english essay help: english essay help

The formation and conquests of the Mongol Empire was very influential both politically and economically on China and Russia in various ways. The Chinese were initially economically stable, and experienced a period of further economic success under the Mongol rule due to various improvements instituted by the Mongols that helped encourage trade. However, overspending eventually majorly contributed to its demise. Dissimilarly, Russia’s economy was falling apart at the seams, and the Mongol arrival helped relatively stabilize it. In both Russia and China, however, the Mongols dominated the government.

The formation and conquests of the Mongol Empire was very influential both politically and economically on China and Russia in various ways. The Chinese were initially economically stable, and experienced a period of further economic success under the Mongol rule due to various improvements instituted by the Mongols that helped encourage trade. However, overspending eventually majorly contributed to its demise. Dissimilarly, Russia’s economy was falling apart at the seams, and the Mongol arrival helped relatively stabilize it. In both Russia and China, however, the Mongols dominated the government. Mongols dominated the government.

Blast Report university essay help: university essay help

Blast Report The case study I received was about a family of four that was experiencing symptoms of fever, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea. The children were affected more severely than the adults. It seems that the family consumed spoiled food considering that their fridge broke early in the day and they ate the food that was in there later on. My blast came up with a 99. 6% match with Salmonella typhimurium. This seems to be an accurate match considering the symptoms related with a Salmonella typhimurium infection.

Salmonella causes gastroenteritis with symptoms f diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain with elderly people, children and pregnant women being at greatest risk of developing infection. This is consistent with the family’s children having more severe symptoms. Symptoms typically last two to five days. S. typhimurium causes infection by invading the intestinal mucosa and multiplying in specialized vacuoles and then invading the liver and spleen where it causes systematic disease. S. typhimurium enters the host orally through spoiled or undercooked meat and the incubation period is about 12 to 24 hours.

It can also be transmitted through the fecal matter or contaminated water which can easily happen in poorly developed countries with poor waste management. Infection of S. typhimurium is highest in countries with poor sanitation but it can occur in any part of the world. The infection should clear up on its own for healthy individuals with access to clean water and food but if the infection spreads to the bloodstream, antibiotics will need to be taken. Transmission can be easily prevented by properly handling and cooking food, and by washing hands often.

Since this family is therwise healthy and has access to clean food and water, they should be fine within a few days with no need for antibiotics. S. typhimurium is a rod shaped gram-negative bacterium. It is a facultative anaerobe so it does not require oxygen to survive. It is also motile via use of flagella. Unlike most Salmonella species, S. typhimurium does not ferment lactose. The citation I selected discusses the effect of the addition of nisin to current Salmonella antibiotics. Overuse and abuse of antibiotics has lead to a serious ongoing problem of antibiotic resistance.

Gregory Of Tours get essay help: get essay help

The Gregory of Tours text can provide you with much information on how people of the sixth century lived. The text can also provide much information about the practices of certain religions during the medieval period especially Christianity. The text reveals much information about the Western European Christians that lived during the sixth century. Throughout the stories from the text you will find numerous examples that display the practices, values, and various other beliefs of these early Christians. Christians in the sixth century had many practices that are similar to todays churches.

There were also many different practices used back then that are not used today by altered churches. The seven sacraments of Christianity are very important to its religion. As marriage being one of the holy seven sacraments, Christians are to take this and all the sacraments seriously. It was normal for Christians to get married very quickly in the sixth century. From the first short story in the Gregory text, there was a man named Lopus who had a brother that essentially arranged a marriage him. Never seeing each other before, Lopus’s brother then arranged a day for the couple to meet and exchange wedding gifts.

Although his brother’s intentions were not for the right reasons, the couple went off to live in the town of Chinon. A practice in the Christian faith that was done back during the sixth century and still practiced today is the process of a man must undergo of progressing through the ranks of the church. In other words, this was the required amount of work and experience one would need to have to have to rise higher in the church as such as becoming a bishop from previously being a priest. In an example from the Gregory of Tours text, the current Bishop of Nantes was very ill and thought e was going to die.

He wanted his young nephew to replace him when he deceased. Soon after other bishops of the region consented for him to become his replacement, the nephew was sent to become ordained as the new bishop. He was then sent back home and told that the Christian canons was be betrayed if he has not passed through the ranks of the church the traditional way. He would first have to be found worthy of entering priesthood. Then he would have to do whatever the church asked him to do. Lastly, he would wait for his Uncle the bishop to decease.

As Christianity as still very much expanding in the sixth century, many people of the Jewish faith were converting to Christianity. Leaders of the church had many different tactics when came to converting people to Christianity. A popular way was to have a famous or powerful iconic person convert to Christianity. Soon so did the masses of people. The people that lived in the region of the western church were surrounded by the influence of icons such as statues, relics, and paintings. This was not so much the case in the Eastern Church as they were opposed to them.

Many Christians give back o the church. Some enjoy doing it through charity work and others do it by Just donating their money. Just like today, people in the sixth century had their ways of giving back to the church to please God. People would donate such things as even land and buildings. In the text of Gregory, a man named Chrodin was known as a man of great virtue and piety. Chrodin would lay out estates, plant vineyards, build houses and give them to bishops whose revenue was low. People did not always other formal leaders ordered large amounts of people to be baptized and become a Christian.

For example, in the Gregory text it says that King Chilperic ordered a great number of Jews to be baptized. It is also stated the Chilperic helped some people out of the baptismal pool. Not all of the previous Jews practiced there new Christian faith, many continued observe the Jewish Sabbath. The Western European Christians of the sixth century had many different beliefs, practices, and values. As the church still does today, it has its men go through a different series of ranks throughout the church and various processes to be ordained as a bishop from the position of a riest.

Sixth century Christians also had an important role in donating land, houses, slaves, and money to the church. The Christian leaders at the time would order large groups of people to be baptized and order to forcefully spread Christianity. Jews were most subjected to be baptized unwillingly by kings and other rulers. It is no surprise that Christianity has changed over the years, but the beliefs, values, and practices of Christians have changed greatly over the years and during the sixth century will always be in its own way, unique as shown in the Gregory of Tours text.

Judy Baca’s Art for Peace devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help

Making connections: Judy Baca’s Art for Peace. Change: According to Baca, “Adversity breeds a certain kind of strength” Do you agree? Give an example to support your opinion. Is it really true that what does not kill you makes you stronger? I do believe so. Maybe when people face a problem it does not makes too much sense in the near future, however it will do.

The story that Baca’s grandmother told her when she was a girl is an example of how sometimes people is not able to overcome problems, nevertheless this does not implies that this happens all the time. It is common to appreciate how people become pessimist and often depressive when adversity meet their lives. According to Seery (2011) “… some theory and empirical evidence suggest that the experience of facing difficulties can also promote benefits in the form of greater propensity for resilience when dealing with subsequent stressful situations. ” (p. 90) Mark Seery carried a study in which followed 2,398 subjects for a span of three years, he found that there is a balance of adverse life experiences: some adversity seems to make us stronger than those with a life of either no adverse life experiences or many serious struggles. The study concluded that those people who had experienced a lot of adversity had poorer outcomes, on average, than people who reported no history of adversity – they were more depressed and anxious, were less satisfied with their lives, and were more likely to have physical or emotional problems that interfered with their ability to work and socialize.

Every day, all the time we meet or we know stories of people who had to endure physical abuse, who was exposed to homelessness, or those who had faced natural disaster of physical limitations. A well-known story is the Nick VuJicic’s story. He was born and raised in Melbourne, Australia. He was born without limbs. By the age of eight he was already depressed and by the age often he decided to end his life by drowning himself in a bathtub.

After a couple attempts, he realized that he did not want to leave his loved ones with the burden and guilt that would result from his suicide. He had spoken on motivational topics after creating the company, attitude is altitude. He also launched a non-profit ministry, life without limbs, to spread his messages of faith and hope around the world. Finally, seems like Nietzche was right, what does not kill you makes you stronger. No matter what type of difficulties a erson could have face, always we have the chance of learning of them and breed strength.

Analyctial Tim O’Brien’s buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help

O’Brien is sure to exaggerate these emotions in the story and akes it apparent to the reader that the physical weight of the war is heavy, but the emotional and mental weight are both heavier. The soldiers in the story are overwhelmed with a feeling of guilt throughout the story. At the start of the novel, O’Brien introduces two characters : Lieutenant Jimmy Cross and Ted Lavender, who both contributed to Cross’ feeling of culpability during the novel. When Lavender died, he had Just “popped a tranquilizer” (11). Cross was too busy daydreaming about “Martha playing volleyball in her white gym shorts and yellow T-shirt” (22).

Cross’ mind wasn’t where it shouldVe been, Just as Lavender houldn’t have taken that tranquilizer and he knew that. After Lavender’s death, Cross wanted to make sure that what happened to him wouldn’t happen to anybody else. He became strict with everybody including himself, “No more fantasies, he told himself” (23). He couldn’t stand by and watch his soldiers die one by one because of his fantasizing and lack of leadership skills. To Cross, Lavenders was his fault he hated that feeling of guilt. He hated it almost as much as the thought of another dead soldier on his watch. Death was one weight he didn’t want to carry anymore.

He id not enjoy it and wanted to ensure that he never had to deal with the emotional weight of death again. He, like the other soldiers, was scared of death. The soldiers looked death in the eye multiple times; it took a huge toll on them. O’Brien rationalizes with the thought of death by writing, even though he carries the thought of Kiowa’s death constantly. ” I returned to the site of Kiowa’s death, and where I looked for signs of forgiveness or personal grace or whatever else the land might offer” (173). O’Brien implies that he still thinks about Kiowa’s death from time to time.

He looked for signs of clemency when he and his daughter visited the site of Kiowa’s death. He couldn’t help that the thought of Kiowa’s killing was all that was on his mind. It was a burden in itself. During his trip with Kathleen, his ten-year -old daughter, they had a conversation about the meaning behind the war. Kathleen asked him what he wanted from the war, and he simply replied “To stay alive” (175). Most of the soldiers all had the same goal from the war, to stay alive. Nobody wants to die, especially in a place you’re in because you’re too prideful to run away and say “l don’t want to go to the war and die.

Pride is another frequently declared burden in the novel. Several of the men in the novel experience the mental weight of having pride issues. When Mark Fossie’s as. ” He tried hard to keep up a self-assured pose, as if nothing had ever come between them, or ever could, but there was a fragility to it, something tentative and false” (99). He didn’t want to look like a love-struck punk in front of his fellow platoon members. He also didn’t want to let himself believe that he was as in love as he was. He wanted to convince himself that he was still strong, even though one of his fellow oldiers saw him collapse (95).

He didn’t want to embarrass himself. Curt Lemon went through a similar situation. When the unit of soldiers were on Rocket Pocket in China, a dentist team came to quickly examine the men’s mouths. Lemon was scared of the dentist; “he’d had a couple of bad experiences with dentists” (O’Brien 83). As soon as he got ear of the dentistry team coming to look at the soldiers he began to get nervous. He tried to hide his embarrassment. Most of the men in the platoon were too proud to even show the simplest form of emotion. The platoon, usually otice or even call each other out easily about emotions.

Even when Lemon fainted in the dentist’s tent, he still was too prideful to leave the dentist alone. Lemon was so worried about his reputation that he wouldn’t even associate with the rest of the unit when he first woke up from his blackout. “He wouldn’t talk to anyone. For the rest of the day he stayed off by himself, sitting alone under a tree, Just staring down at the field tent” (84). He felt the need to show the other men he wasn’t scared. He wound up getting a tooth pulled, even though the dentist said that he couldn’t find anything rong with it (84).

O’Brien stated that “The embarrassment mustVe turned a screw in his head” (84). It could be argued that it wasn’t only the embarrassment that turned a screw but also Lemon’s pride. Pride is a very heavy burden to bear. When you are a soldier, everybody looks at you to be perfect, to be any other way is unacceptable. Soldiers are placed on a pedestal, and all eyes are on them. They have to do what they believe is an acceptable thing to do. It’s never about what they truly want. It’s about making everyone else happy; they know that the people back home would never understand any of this, not in a billion years” (108).

They do things in order to please people who would never understand and most likely never even know about their actions in the war. The soldiers Just have to do what they think people would expect; they never settle for anything less. The thought of letting someone down was not reasonable. The soldiers lost touch with themselves because they felt as if they had no other option. They couldn’t mentally handle the amount of pressure put on them to act a certain way. TheyVe lost touch with themselves essentially, always ocusing on others needs instead of their own.

Norman Bowker is a great example of this. He went into the war with nothing but a diary and some simple documents. When he left the war, he left with great feelings of regret and nothingness. He felt as if he had no purpose . In a sense, the war had in fact killed him. It killed him from the inside to eventually the outside. O’ Brien described a letter Bowker sent him after the war as “disjointed” (149). In that specific letter, Bowker explained “the problem of finding a meaningful use for his life after the war” (149). Eight months ater, Bowker gave up his internal fight for life.

O’Brien then received a letter from Bowker’s mother stating that Bowker had hung himself. Death is a horrible experience no matter whether someone is killed during action, committed suicide, or even had a terminal illness that caused death. Death touched every character in the comment that mfou come over clean and you get dirty and then afterward it’s never the same” (109). The men were emotionally damaged after the war. Even afterwards the men in this book were constantly worried about death; Not only for themselves ut for their loved ones and their fellow soldiers.

Death hits close to home, it could change someone tremendously. It changed the soldiers forever. Although it wasn’t the only thing to affect the soldiers, it was one of the strongest things to have a toll on them. Love and death are two totally different feelings, but the both of them can affect a soldier’s lives and be a huge burden upon them. O’Brien makes a clear point of how love affects a soldier mentally. Love is a strong factor in most of this soldier’s lives. Love is a burden to O’Brien and all of his soldiers in one way or another.

Certain actions that happened did because of a soldiers love for someone. O’Brien couldn’t help but include his love for his childhood girlfriend in his book. He admits “l keep dreaming Linda alive” (213). He couldn’t help to but think of the people who died in his life as alive. He also admitted to being in love with her (213). O’Brien wasn’t the only one head over heels in love. In the beginning of the book, O’Brien introduced Martha to his readers. Martha was Lieutenant Jimmy Cross’ love. She was the girl who fogged his vision; she was all he could think about during he war which had a negative effect on him.

O’Brien’s readers are also introduced to Mary Anne Bell, Mark Fossie’s girlfriend, a Cleveland native who is becoming a burden to not only Fossie but a plethora of his other fellow soldiers. Mark Fossie loved her (92). Fossie couldn’t help but to feel romantic and loving when she was around; even with the war going on. Fossie proposed to Bell and they were engaged in Vietnam. Soon after, Bell left Fossie and disappeared; she was in love with the war more than him. He was in complete and total shock; he was disconnected from the war for a long time.

With Fossie being in a close platoon, all the platoon members had to witness Fossie’s constant distress surrounding Mary Anne Bell. The thought of not having Bell with him made him a huge burden on the platoon as a whole. The platoon literally had too much on their hands, and to deal with anymore burdens than the mental ones placed upon them would push some over the edge. The physical burden on the soldiers was heavy as well. Although , each soldier carried the necessities which usually weighed around 150 pounds, the actual amount of each item and extras were dependent on the soldier.

The soldiers carried what they felt was necessary, based off of their own emotions and what they felt was needed in the war. Everything about the war could be classified as a circle. Every little thing affects something else. With the soldiers being like a family if one was going through something all of them were. The soldiers were emotionally damaged and carrying objects didn’t help their emotional burdens. “To carry something was to hump it, as when Lieutenant Jimmy Cross humped his love for Martha up the hills and through the swamps” ( 3). O’Brien explained early in the novel the physical weights the oldiers each carried.

How to become a Pilot custom essay help: custom essay help

Attention Getter: Imagine if you would with me, soaring over Mt. St. Helen’s, seeing remnants of the lava flow from the air. Imagine circling (slide) Mt. Lassen, or gliding out over the Pacific Ocean. Imagine being able to get into your small plane and being at Disneyland in 3. 5 hours? Each of these experiences can be possible by getting your private pilots license. People have dreamed of flying for many years, but it wasn’t possible until the Wright brothers brought that dream to reality at Kitty Hawk in 1903.

Since then, airplanes have become a popular mode of travel. slide) I recently got my private pilots license and today I would like to share with you, (slide) first, what you need to get started, then what you need to do to meet the requirements, and finally what you can do once you’ve obtained your license. So Let’s Get started: 1. What you need to get started A. Money is a consideration you need to make 1 . How much will it cost? 2. According to the flight school, TNG Aviation, A minimum investment for private pilot license is $4,700. This number can very greatly.

The actual cost of your lessons depends on two factors, 1 . who you know, and 2. how fast you learn. 2. There are various ways to pay for a pilots license. There are two areas that you will need to finance – the instructor and the airplane. a. If you have the money, there are two-week condensed course options, but you will pay more for this. b. or you can spread your lessons and payments out over time, for example taking one lesson per week, and simply paying as you go. c. One option for financing the use of an airplane would be to barter.

If you have a useful skill, such as painting, you might be able to trade your skill for the use of an airplane. Transition: – now that you’ve fgured out how to pay for your lessons, let’s et started with the instruction. B. Finding an instructor is another consideration. 1. A good place to start is by visiting your local airport Many of these smaller airports have flight schools on site. If not, they can recommend one that is nearby. Also, Spend some time with other pilots and ask them about instructors. 2.

There are many independent instructors who are more than happy to teach you to fly. Make sure your instructor is licensed along with being a good “fit” for you. Ask them about their aviation background and confirm that they’re someone you’ll be comfortable with. After all, you’ll be spending many hours together in some tight places. b. Selecting an airplane produced light aircraft in history. It has an excellent history and one of the best safety records. It is perfect for Private Pilot and Instrument Pilot training. Transition: Once these are selected, you are ready to learn to fly. 2. There are certain basic requirements needed before obtaining a PPL A. Basic Requirements The FAA has many requirements you must meet when seeking a pilot certificate. 1. You’ll need to be at least 17 yrs old. There’s no age limit for you to fly, as long as you qualify medically. 2. You must be in great health, and pass a medical exam. 3. Finally, you must have an adequate grasp of the English language. English is considered the international language used by all airports and control towers across the globe.

B. Practical Requirements First of all, you need to be proficient with your flying skills and your aeronautical knowledge to pass the flight and written tests. 1. According to the F. A. A. , “You must have a minimum of 40 flight hours before you can obtain your license, 20 of which must be with an instructor. In this part of your training you will be learning how to keep the airplane straight and level, how to urn and bank the airplane, pitch the nose up and down, and how to climb and descend You will need good rudder skills and know how to take off and land your airplane safely. 2. Your aeronautical skills will be taught in ground school. You will accumulate aeronautical knowledge in aerodynamics, aircraft systems, weather to avoid, FAA regulations, principles of navigation, stall and spin awareness, and aeromedical factors Just to name a few. The FAA requires that you pass a knowledge test with a grade of 70% or better. Transition: Once you have met all of the above requirements, ou are ready to see what the possibilities are for a private pilot. 3. A private pilot’s license enables you to do many things: A.

Having your pilot’s license enables you to have a sense of freedom; freedom in an airplane is unparalleled by Just walking out to your airplane, climbing inside and heading off in practically any direction you desire. 1. It gets you there a lot faster: You can be your own personal airline, and because you don’t have to take time driving to the airport and going through security and waiting at the gate, you can get to your destination in many cases a lot sooner then a ommercial airplane. 2. you have more time to spend at your destination. When you fly yourself you’re not tied to a schedule.

You can arrive and depart when it’s convenient for you. B. It can leave you with an experience of Joy and pleasure: 1 . Imagine flying someone special to another airport for dinner, or fly to the coast for a daycation, or visit family more often. If my speech has you wanting to look into getting your license, Just remember, there are things you need to get started–you you need to enjoy the many things you can do once you have obtained your license. Just as the Wright Brothers brought their dream of flying to a reality, I have been able to do the same, and I am so glad I did!

The boy in the striped pyjamas essay help services: essay help services

Jamas is a story that takes us on an adventure back in time during the Holocaust about the friendship of two 9 year old boys; a German and a Jew. This story definitely left a place in my heart, and I truly loved the story because it gave me a chance to understand the feelings of both worlds, and it helped me understand the two VERY different lifestyles. After reading the novel and watching the movie, I personally liked both.

Overall, the book was much better because of the etail that gave me a connection with the characters, the use of flashbacks, and the book had a bigger emotional impact on me. There are a handful of reasons why I think the novel is better. One of the main reasons is because the novel was described in full detail and was very well written. This gave me a very strong connection with the characters. The novel shared information that the movie didn’t.

In the novel, it told us about the grandmother’s feelings towards the Holocaust which proved that not all the German’s agreed with he madness. The Grandmother represented the other Germans that felt the same as she did but were too afraid to speak. The novel also tells me that the father is a man of many layers. In the novel, the author said what Father did for Maria. Such as pay her mother’s medical bills when she was sick, took her in, and gave her a Job when her mother passed away. The father isn’t as cold-hearted as he seems.

In the movie, Shmuel isn’t asThis story shared feelings and true identity from all angles. In the novel, the author used many flashbacks to help us understand the current situations and it helps us know the characters better. In the movie, they didn’t incorporate flashbacks so the storyline was much harder to understand than the novel. The author used a flashback to show the disagreements between German’s, like when the father offended the grandmother because it showed how politics can destroy families and how not every German gladly follows the Fury.

Another flashback escribes a Christmas play that Bruno’s grandmother had Bruno and Gretel perform. Bruno thinks of the play because he is missing his grandmother and grandfather. His memory tells how unhappy he is, and how thinking back to happier times does not comfort him because he remembers when things started going downhill. Last but not least, the novel had a bigger emotional impact on me than what the movie did. Though both are quite sad, the book really broke my heart. The boy in the striped pyjamas By cstead6

Malinowski’s ideas get essay help: get essay help

Malinowski was born in Poland on Apri17, 1884. His father,a professor of Slavic philology at Jagellonian University. His mother was from culturel landowning family. Malinowski who is Polish-British antropologist,educated in Kracow,Leipzig and at the London School of Economics. From 1924 he was assistant professor in the University of London. He became a professor in 1927. He taught at Yale University from 1939 until his death.. The most important-and four-year-long investigation, made on the natives of New Guinea Islands.

After the end of the war, the history of nthropology,which is probably the most revolutionary work wrote Argonauts of Wetern Pasific. And it was during this period that he began his signature work among the Trobriand Islanders,studying kinship,trade,the practical purposes of ritual and religion,as well as the intersection between cultural ideas and actual daily behaviours. (wrww. nndb. com) Malinowski helped develop the field of anthropology from a primarily evolutionary focus into sociological and psychological fields of enquiry.

Malinowski’s ideas and methodologies came to be widely embraced by the Boasian influenced school of American Anthropology,making him ne of the most influential anthropologist of the 20th century. Malinowski is the pionneer of anthropologist in living primitive tribes. Due to he want to do healthy observations for own researches,he saw necessary in this situation. Malinowski stayed four years in Trobriands Islands and he observed local people’s traditions and lifes. Malionawski has complied very interesting information about family structure,social and sexual relationship in there.

After returned to London, From 1910 worked as a research assistant at London School of Economics near the G. G Salisman and he gained theoretical knowledge from his trainer. When war began ,he participated British association’s meeting in Australia. He made investigation among indigenous people who live pre-civilization conditions. After return to London, he considered the lives of other tribes’ and he gave two work attempts to synthesize. one of them related primitive psychology myth”. Published in 1926,Malinowski defended the these opinion beliefs, fairy tales, myths affect human psychology and social formations. Even Malinowski accordance religious historian Fraser’s teachings, claimed that give rise to the magic technique. Malinowski ublished in 1927, ‘in wild societies sexuality and repression”. He solutions to the social relations that Trobriand natives in this examination. Malinowski have tried to create a theory of the relationship between society and culture. He sought to understand the islanders’ ways of life in functional terms of how they created and maintained their society. (wmwcsiss. org) Malinowski’s findings is to give an idea of living on the social stage.

Trobriand islands the prevailing social order “matriarchal” called and lineage, inheritance relations, kinship relations corresponds to a stage is determined by the constitution. Examination of wild populations remained far behind the historical development of mankind,this is a phenomenon which providing main lineage. Everything is transferred to the main lineage. All marriages should be cross-cousins and in the tribes. Women live with children separate house with men. (www. civilisation. org) Because of this in light of this research Malinowski critized Freud’s “Oedipus complex” theory.

Malinowski argues that families all over the world don’t have oedipus complex. His studies of the Trobriand Islanders have often been cited as a challenge to Freud’s conviction that the Oedipus complex is a universal henomenon. (www. newworldencyclopedia. org) Malinowski, tried to create a theory of the relationship between society and culture according to the natives’ way of life and laid the foundations of social anthropology. Althoght Malinowski human is animal although culturalism and sociality.

Malinowski a table organized as follows to prove the similarity between human and animal. Basic requirements: food, nutrition, sleep, shelter, agreement, sexuality and confidence. Social institutions: farming, agriculture, bed, home, language, marriage and religion. Basic requirements shown in this table re the same for human and animal. But created social institutions are very different to provide these. Human physiological requirements is provided by various cultural institutions. Malinowski was one of two organizer,along with A. R. Radcliffe-Brown,of functionalism.

Radcliffe-Brownian functionalism focused on society,social system,functional integration,and synchronic study as opposed to the diachronism of the evolutionist and the American historicists. His theory held that acts,traditions,values,and other events in culture. This theory had a purpose for the continuation of the social system. Malinowski,focused on functional integration and synchronous study,but he put more emphasis on the indivudual and on biological needs. At first, functionalism as a theoretical approach developed in the 1950s, and started to be addressed by the proponents to be seen as a method of sociological. n the fact functionalism is theoretical approach which first appearance in sociology. The pioneers of this theory Comte, Spencer and Durkheim. The two versions of functionalism were influenced from French sociologist Emile Durkheim. Malinowski was exposed to the work of Durkheim early in his career. Malinowski agreed with Radcliffe-Brown about the functional integrity of cultural units which he called institutions. (www. stosowana. files. wordpress. com) The purpose of institutions is to meet the seven basic human needs ;metabolism, reproduction,bodily comfort,safety,movement,growth,and health.

Is Health Care a right my assignment essay help london: my assignment essay help london

Our country spends money on so many things that seem ecessary to make the United States the best but how are these services really helping us if there are so many people who are unhealthy and not able to use these services or even use them up to their full potential? When people are denied health care and are unable to get better when they are sick, we are denying them the right to life. If we made health care a right in the United States our country would be a much better place with healthier individuals doing better than they ever could.

Everyone has the right to live in a healthy state of mind and body which is exactly hat health care is for. If our government had a bigger say in our health care system that allowed everyone coverage, all individuals would be able to go to the doctor and get help before whatever their condition was got even more serious. “More than 18,000 Americans die every year from preventable illnesses because they do not get to the doctor when they should” (Sanders), this is something that should and could be completely avoided. Being able to go to the doctor to fix minor illnesses could change many people’s lives.

It could prevent them from having to go to the hospital which isk. Preventative care could be used much more than it is now here in America and would help our country a lot. If our government had more say in our health care system that allowed everyone coverage, it would probably mean that people that made higher amounts of money would be paying more than what a lower income family would. This money would probably come out of our taxes but with a reasonable set amount for procedures, medicines, and all other costs, we would not have to pay as much as we do now.

This could decrease the amounts of all bills for Americans and would not make the prices as bad as they are now. Another negative thing that could come out of this change is longer waits for surgeries and doctors appointments. Yes, waiting isn’t fun but it is much better than having someone die because they couldn’t get insured before. This could be controlled with the use of other doctors who weren’t being used as much due to price control but could be fixed with set costs. As a whole for individuals, a government organized healthcare system would benefit more than not.

Our society as a whole would be much more roductive, in a much healthier state, and would be doing much better work. In 2009, “46 million people [had] no health insurance”(Sanders), if we could change this number to zero, imagine how much greater the people in our country could be. With healthier, more productive people, our country would flourish more than ever and could end up helping us change in ways we never thought before. The people in our society who would not be as excited to make health care a right for everyone would be all the people who work in health care due to differences in pay.

With set costs hospitals, specialized doctors and pharmacies would not be able to make as much profit as they did before. I believe that it would be a good switch for our country to be a much healthier and productive place even if our doctors made a little bit less. We could still set prices to where people in the health profession could make profit but not such a huge profit that it isn’t affordable for the people. Having our government help manage our health care system could help our economy in many different ways. “At $2. rillion dollars, and 18 percent of our GDP, the skyrocketing cost of health care in this country is unsustainable both from a personal and macro-economic perspective”(Sanders), with our current health care prices, our country cannot afford to keep up like this. With the government setting prices on medicines, procedures, doctors visits, and all other medical costs to a standard set amount that isn’t as expensive, people wouldn’t go bankrupt and our government wouldn’t have to spend as much money as they do now on health care.

Hospitals and many people who work ith insurance companies would not be profiting as much as now but people would be living longer with healthcare as a right to all. Stakeholders would be in a much better position when investing their money into hospitals because services would be used much more at more reasonable prices. Clinics and hospitals would not fail because people could now go see the doctor when they are sick instead of waiting until they are almost dying and trying to get help. The stakeholders that profit large amounts would not profit as much as they did without set prices.

Set prices would ontrol their profit they make and the profit would be a lower for everyone. Chernichovsky (2010) argues “To what extent do researchers have an ethical responsibility to provide health care”(p. 200) to people who don’t really care about over weight people, but that shouldn’t deny them the right to a second chance. And for all the people who do try hard to stay healthy but cannot afford coverage, how would it be fair for them to get denied health care? Receiving health care is something that everyone deserves but many are denied in our country.

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Ocean pollution Hannah Waddell Ocean pollution is a growing problem and affects people as well. It is a growing problem that needs to be stopped and controlled immediately. Taking care of our water will be beneficial for our long-term survival. If we put off this problem any longer, the prices will only escalade even higher. We need water to survive and the ocean is one of the greatest water suppliers. The actions we take or do not take will affect the future in either a negative or a positive way.

Something must be done about it and we are going to need help from every country if we want to make an impact. The idea that the ocean is indestructible and excessively big to be effected by humans is now gone. ThinkQuest wrote a very informative article about pollution and one of their main points was, “if people know more about pollution in the ocean, then they will know more about how to stop pollution. ” They are completely right; not very many people realize how much their daily lives can affect lives.

We need to make the world more educated about how they can make a change. This article also talks about the many forms of pollution that many people do not realize. Such as, garbage dumping, wastewater, boat pollution, agriculture, land clearing, and most importantly, people. They also made a strong statement saying, “We must stop these problems because if we don’t, we will hurt and maybe even kill our sea life. ” Our fish and sea creatures are suffering the most from our actions and the sad thing is, is that hey can do nothing to stop it.

Contaminating the oceans will damage every living thing whether we like it or not. One of the biggest contenders is oil contamination. Oil can kill wildlife and contribute to economic losses and climate change. A study recently done on oil pollution by Oceana says that an oil spill “could be impossible to clean up. ” Oil spills are transported occasionally and are very prone to accidents, which can be catastrophic and harmful. There was an oil spill recently in the Gulf of

Mexico which “[released] 200 million gallons of dangerous and damaging oil into the marine environment. ” This catastrophe still has not stopped harming our oceans. Of course, nothing is done on purpose and never planned but we need to do everything in our power to prevent this problem from happening. There is one constant argument that is commonly heard is that ocean pollution is necessary for industry, and more industry means more Jobs, which means a better economy. I understand this argument but also their will always be alternative ways to roduce things we need.

There is natural energy that we can use that does not affect the ecosystem the way ocean pollution does. Do people not realize the every living organism needs water to survive and that most of the earth is water? I do not understand why we are not more careful about what we put in it then. The ocean serves as a source of energy, raw materials and most of all food like fish and seaweed. Taking action would be greatly advised in this situation if you want the future of our world to be flourishing. ocean pollution By hannahw195

The Ghost of Tom Joad Video Response essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax

The Ghost of Tom Joad Video Response The beauty of the written word is that everyone can experience and interpret it in a different way with some help from writer and their purpose behind the piece. The beauty of songs is that people are free to express those individual interpretations in ways that allow them to use their voices and instruments. The beauty of video is that the makers can put these two things together and then add images and audio-texts to enhance the meaning of the song for viewers. The song “The Ghost of Tom Joad” has brought about multiple YouTube videos for this exact reason.

In the video The Ghost of Toam Joad by Harveywetdog, the use of imagery definitely gave me a better sense of what this song is referencing. Nearly all of the pictures that slide across the screen were taken around the time of the Depression. Since that is the time period in which the character Tom Joad was living, this allowed me to understand the song and the lyrics in a more complete way. All the pictures of families and children requently on the road and having nowhere to go really spoke to me about the world we live in today.

It is a bit easier to feel for these people and the cause the song represents when you have a face to stick to it. It somehow makes their struggles seem more real. Harveywetdog gave me numerous faces to connect with and this only evoked more emotion in me because it causes me to really think about all of the people out there who simply want to live their lives, but are being held back due to the limits circumstance and money and society put on them. Pictures from the film

The Grapes of Wrath that show Tom Joad with a quote printed on the screen also show up throughout the pictures whenever the singers say something about waiting on the ghost of Tom Joad, and they made it seem like he was there at the campfire light and was urging them to go on. I also found it very effective that Harveywetdog used actual clips of sound from the movie when Tom Joad is explaining to Ma that he’ll be there in every action involving his fellow man being beat down by injustice and in every time someone rises up to overcome the limits force upon them.

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On the boat, there is an eagle on the front of the boat, symbolizing his vision to be free out of the world he is living in as he believes everything is fake. Moreover, Truman uses sense perception to find the truth. This helps him as he is very observant. For example, when he is waiting for Meryl, his wife, in the car, he notices that the same lady on the bike, man with flowers and dented Volkswagen Beatle passed by him on multiple occasion. This make him doubt about whether his being watched.

Furthermore, while going through his marriage photos, e notices Meryl’s fingers are crossed in the wedding picture. This means his wife does not consider the marriage real. Also, when he asks to her about it, his wife’s gets nervous and shouts some third person’s name for help. This strengthens his thought that he is being watched. Also, Truman also finds some evidence to support his thoughts. For example, when he goes into the elevator, he sees a set behind the rear doors. In addition, when he tries to leave Seaheaven, he has been stopped in every possible way.

For example, he does not get a flight ticket when he tries to go to Fiji and when he tries to escape with his car; he has been blocked every time. When he combines this with the fact that Meryl does not consider the marriage real and she asks third person’s help in an empty room; strengthens his idea of everything being scripted, and everyone is acting. The last “pathway to knowledge” Truman uses is logic. Logic is often accompanied with sense perception. For example, Truman recognizes that the daily routine by others is repeated the same way every day.

He ealizes that perhaps the cameras are hidden in the people around him. At last, his logic and sense perception helps him fgure out where the cameras are. Also, when he tries to escape, he realizes all the ways for him to leave are blocked and he is stuck on Seaheaven. Moreover, his logic along with evidence helps him fgure out that everyone around him is acting including his friends and it is an artificial setting. Logic accompanied with one of the other “pathways to knowledge” strengthens Truman’s doubt because logic itself it not enough support to prove an argument.

In conclusion, the four “pathways to knowledge” evident in The Truman Show are instinct, sense perception, evidence and logic. The most important “pathway to knowledge” for Truman to find out the truth is Instinct. It is because if he did not have a feeling about him being watched over by other then he would have not even investigated in the first place. Also, he escapes the world because of his vision to be free and his wits. Therefore, if he did not have instinct about that, he would not have found the truth. Truman Show By ashurana1997

Armenian Genocide buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help

Armenian Genocide Throughout history, instances of religious groups turning to violence or being victimized for their religion have unfortunately occurred. The most prominent instance of this that immediately comes to mind for most is the Holocaust, where millions of Jews were killed by the Germans, led by Adolf Hitler (K©vorkian 8). Many have not been educated to the fact that there have been many other significant genocides within the last one hundred years based on religious violence, one being the Armenian Genocide (United 3). Although not so nearly well known as the

Holocaust, this genocide was every bit as horrible. Looking in depth at the Armenian Genocide of 191 5, one will see the gruesome and atrocious actions of the Ottoman Empire toward the Armenian people and may questions many of these movements. Although there may not be answers to why people would act so unethically, the Armenian Genocide is a superb example of religious groups using violence to gain power. The Armenian Genocide is not well known due to the fact that many nations deny its occurrence, despite the overwhelming physical evidence and stories told by survivors.

The United States, however, recognizes that the Armenian Genocide happened and states that “[a]t least 1,000,000, and possibly well over half of the Armenian population, are reliably estimated to have been killed or death marched by independent authorities” (United 3). The negative feelings that Muslims of the Ottoman Empire had toward the Christian Armenians that led to this enormous number of deaths developed over many centuries. Originally, the Armenians were an individual entity, claiming their nation in Eurasia as the first in the world to make Christianity its official religion in the fourth century AD.

During the fifteen century though, they were absorbed by the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning this did not pose a serious problem, with the Armenians being a minority and being underprivileged in the Muslim society (Winter 68). Christians had to pay higher taxes than Muslims, for example, and they had very few political and legal rights. Despite being viewed as “infidels” and being treated unequally, the Armenians managed to thrive in society (“Armenian” par 7). The successes in life gained by the Armenians made the Muslims of the Ottoman Empire uneasy.

The Armenians tended to be more educated and wealthier, which led others to begin to resent their success. As the Ottoman Empire began to crumble throughout the nineteenth century, suspicions that the Armenians would be more loyal to Christian governments than that of the Ottoman caliphate increased. Once the Turkish people entered World War I in 1914, military leaders argued over Armenian loyalty; once the Armenians organized volunteer battalions to help the Russian army fght against the Turks in the Caucasus region, the want for the “removal” of Armenians in the area increased (Winter 91-2).

In the case of the Armenian Genocide, as with many other acts of religious violence, feelings of hatred are developed over many years. Many may simply ask, why lash out with violence? The ‘slams may have decided to act on their suspicions out of fear and anxiety that The first day of the Armenian Genocide was April 24, 191 5 (United 3). This was the start of many gruesome, horrific events that resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths. The initial act that began the genocide was the arrest and soon after killing of several hundred Armenians.

From there, the genocide took off with many Armenian eaders being imprisoned and tortured to death, while the Armenian soldiers were either massacred after being disarmed or worked to the point of exhaustion and death. The most predominant form of death that occurred was the Armenians being marched to their death in the Mesopotamian and Syrian deserts (K©vorkian 17). They were removed from their homes and often times separated from their family, were stripped naked, given no food or water, and had to walk in the scorching sun through the desert with no destination.

They walked until they dropped dead and if they topped to catch their breath or rest, they were subsequently shot and killed by the Turkish government (“Armenian” par 3). There are survivors who have witnessed many of these horrendous actions and who have seen people in their weakest, most helpless moments. One male survivor who Just barely cheated death describes his experience: “l had a child on my back, had on women’s clothes, my face was covered with mucus, and I was limping. Lice would not leave us alone.

They would get in our eyes, nose, mouth. I had gotten so weak that I couldn’t stand up. I was reduced to bones by this time, half dead” (Miller 82). Surprising as it may seem, people did experience intense torture and were victims of religious violence simply for being a Christian. It is shocking that the ‘slams who acted so unethically and murdered so many people can think that their actions were acceptable and Just in the eyes of their God. How can people commit such ruthless acts based simply off of one’s religious beliefs?

This question is still being asked around the world today in other religious violence cases such as Darfur in Sudan. The differing stories among survivors about the rides in the caravan to the desert how how the religious abuse changed from case to case. Miller explains that “the experience of caravan members seems to have depended greatly on the attitude of gendarmes who were escorting them” (78). He explains that some people were slaughtered during those rides while others remained untouched (Miller 79).

This is a prime example of how the violence was not only a general movement of the Muslims, but how it may have varied between different scenarios. It may be possible that some involved in the killing of the Armenians were not completely evil, but felt pressured by those in command. Some people may have acted inappropriately due to fear that if they stood up for themselves and their beliefs, they may be heartlessly slaughtered Just like the Armenians.

Cases of religious violence are often largely due to opinionated and forceful people who may convince others to act unjustly by brainwashing them or scaring them. Although there is not one specified leader who caused the Armenian genocide, this is still seen in other instances such as Adolf Hitler and his influence on the Holocaust. Another significant factor of the Armenian Genocide was that of the “Special Organization” created by the Muslims whose goal was “the liquidation of the Christian elements” (K©vorkian 106).

The Turkish hillside became full of Armenian of cliffs, drowned them in rivers, crucified them, and even buried them alive. Women who were not killed in the desert or by this process of “turkification” were raped and forced into slavery. With children, the Special Organization believed that there was still potential for fixation. They kidnaped children, forced them to convert to Muslim religion, and gave them away to Turkish families, who raised them as Islam K©vorkian 110-2).

Blood Doping mba essay help: mba essay help

Blood Doping Although “doping” is the illegal use of drugs by athletes to enhance performance as well as training or participating in a sporting event, most athletes are also relatively unlikely to ever undergo testing. The first drug to be used was heroin and morphine. Heron was mainly found in horse racing circles, while morphine was the thing to do which was so-called endurance in sports. Using drugs to cheat in sports is not new but is becoming more effective. Even if performance-enhancing drugs were to be legalized in a competitive sport, there would most likely be a specific portion of oping activity that would remain prohibited.

The world of sport has become more complicated, particularly in respect to doping. In the Article “How sports would be better with doping,” by Ian Steadman analyzes how the battle to control drug use never, ever seems to end. Doping is, after all, considered the ultimate sin of professional athletes. While on the article “Professional Sport Leagues should Adopt Olympics-styles Anti- Doping Policies” by Dick Pound claims that steroid use is a problem that affects a number of sports at professional and amateur level.

In Austin Texas an Associated Press makes an article about “Lance Armstrong must give answers” and report how a Judge is pushing Armstrong close to his first sworn testimony Oh his performance enhancing drug use, in lawsuit to recover $3 million in bonuses paid Armstrong from 1999-2001. And although these two articles both support their arguments quite well, they also both miss information to make their arguments more clearer. Steadman in his article argues that the seven-time winner Lance Armstrong has been stripped of his famous victories, which he claims he used erformance-enhancing drugs.

Why shouldn’t he be punished? After all doping is considered the ultimate sin of professional athletes. To support this the author tells us as training, coaching, nutrient and equipment has been perfected, the best times of the best athletes have been increasing at a slower and slower rate (Steadman 5)? Steadman key opposing viewpoints and inferences are well supported by his facts. And Pound argues that sport leagues must do more testing programs, when athletes get caught using steroid and how the rest of his coaches, doctors and other staff Just et educated about the risk of steroid use.

He argues that professional sports programs should stop making excuses why they can’t make stricter polices against steroid use. The article “Lance Armstrong must give answers” by The Associated Press asking questions about who paid for the drugs and what amount of doses he used. This article is similar to Steadman article about Lance Armstrong getting his metals stripped. Lance told Oprah Winfrey that he doped during the Tour de France seven times, which those titles have been stripped away already because of that.

The press explains how Armstrong refused to provide sworn testimony to the doping agency, which that was his only chance to lift his lifetime ban from sport. The Press is good at asking questions but it does not provide facts about what Armstrong claims about his fraud and false advertising. Also The Press state that Armstrong settled with a British Newspaper, The Sunday Times, and explain that they sued him to recover damages from previous libel case. The Press fails to explain how much will he get sued for. explain their inferences.

Steroids augment the effects of training according to Ian Steadman, that steroids are more in effective training, which have been achieved in other ways. He use an example that caffeine is a performance enhancer, which was banned but is now allowed. However Steadman argues that athletes who take performance enhancing drugs are relying on something he doesn’t actually have to improve performance, weather that drug is naturally occurring or designed by scientist. He explains why doping should only be banned when it is significantly, armful relative to the inherent risks of sport, or against the sprits of a particular sport.

Pounds illustrates that athletes should respect the rules of sports, respect your opponents, you respect yourself. He backs that up on by saying he don’t want his grandchildren to have to become chemical stockpiles in order to be good at a sport. All it takes is some special motivation and dedication if you really want to be in the pros. “People do well at sport as a result of the genetic lottery that happen to deal then a winning hand”(Steadman5). Yet despite the health risks, they have yet to enforce drugs being used in sports.

Back in the days “dope” was something that people drank to help you work hard. Now days it hardly raises an eyebrow now when some famous athlete fails a dope test. Ian Steadman finds that if there were a legalization of performance enhancing drugs in completive sports, the athletes would definitely take more risks, although give the limits and medical supervision, the risks would be considered acceptable. The battle to control drug use never ever seems to end. Steadman asks the audience why don’t we accept doping it will always happen and legalize it? How reliable are these claims?

Well he supports this as the most recent study found that 9. 49 seconds was predicted fastest time on a 100m time all that’s to thanks to the use of steroids. But the author seems to fail on where he got this information or a citation. On the other hand Pounds explains why pro athletes are out there every day and making big money, and implies that they should apply the same standard for every athlete right across the board. Meaning that doesn’t atter what kind of athlete you are or may never be heard of if you are an athlete, he states everyone should be drug tested the same.

In addition, Steadman points out that current problems will become less apparent because the athletes of the future will be enhanced before they even begin training for an event. As a result these sports like the MLB players aren’t that serious with all the money they make these athletes don’t seem to care as if they get caught, some of the penalties they give the athletes in the MLB are “chump change” states Pounds. Since, the more these players et caught these athletes get either suspended for fifteen days without pay or fined up to $10,000 and it keeps on doubling up every time they get tested and test positive.

Some considers Dick a candid crusader, but Dick knows what he is talking about as he participated as both an athlete and an administrator in sports his entire adult life. In conclusion, Ian Steadman and Dick Pounds were able to provide a good thought out articles. These two articles contained many examples and ideas, they both kept there article strictly on why they want steroids available for athletes and hy steroids should be not aloud on any sport and provided many examples and details without mentioning their sources.

The associated press is article relates to both Steadman and Pounds articles, one side is that how the doping agency supports his lifetime from sports. The other side relates to Steadman article on how Lance’s titles been striped away for doping and the amounts he used. In the end, when these articles are compared to one another neither of the articles were compelling to their viewpoints on whether doping should be banned or not.

How can Greggs improve the validity essay help writer: essay help writer

How can Greggs improve the validity of the information gathered from Market Research In order to answer this task, I will suggest methods of how Greggs can improve the validity of the information gathered from primary and secondary research. First I will briefly explain the different types of information that Greggs could gather for market research. Primary Research Primary data is when you collect and gather the data first hand in the form of a questionnaire, survey, telephone or interview. This data is specific to the company and did not exist beforehand. Sometimes referred to as field research.

Advantages; Specific to the needs of the company Collected for a purpose, Applicable It is up to date and reliable Disadvantages; Expensive to gather Time consuming to gather and process Not immediately available/accessible Secondary Research With secondary data, it has already been collected by someone else and is available to your company through books, internet, statistics, accounts or independent forecasting groups. Sometimes referred to as desk research. Advantages; Inexpensive Easily accessible Can be used to predict financial problems Quickly becomes out-dated

Not specific or applicable Unreliable Choosing the type of research So which type of data is better for Greggs; Primary or Secondary? In order to make an informed decision, they would need a mix of these types to get good valid research. However there are advantages and disadvantages to both methods. Primary data is good because; it is specific to the needs of Greggs so it can be used for a purpose or used to answer a specific question and it is up to date. Also, this data was collected by Greggs and for Greggs alone.

This would give them a competitive edge over other rganisations because they do not have access to the same information. Primary information can be expensive to gather and it is not easily accessible once gathered. It needs to be processed so it can be used for decision making, and this can take a relatively long time. Secondary data is a lot cheaper to gather then Primary because the information already exists. This makes it easily accessible and will lower the costs of processing the data. Also, if Greggs looks at past secondary data, they could analyse it and it could alert them to future financial problems.

The main problem information is usually available to the public which includes competitors. The data is not specific to Greggs’s needs and may not be applicable at all. So both types of information are needed in good primary research. Greggs should find a balance between the two. Some types of information are more appropriate for certain purposes. For example, if Greggs wanted to find out about demand for a new product or services, primary data would be more appropriate. This is because they can actually ask the customers whether or not they would buy/use the product/service.

Secondary research may be able to tell Greggs about certain trends or patterns in the market, but it will not tell them directly whether there is a demand or not. Data can also be Quantitative or Qualitative. Greggs can improve their market research methods by choosing the appropriate types for certain tasks. Quantitative Typically numerical data. “Hard” data used to measure or quantify e. g. 10 people buy a.. Qualitative Attitudes, perceptions, beliefs, opinions. More complex data, sometimes called “Soft” data. Companies gain quantitative data through Sales fgures and government tatistics.

Greggs, for example, might want to look for trends in sales by analysing sales fgures, or gauge the external labour market by using Government statistics for unemployment etc. This data is represented numerically and has to be processed before used for decision making. This quantitative information is often used during market research when gathering information in huge quantities. It will then be processed and displayed in a chart or graphically, to make it more accessible for the user. It is a lot quicker to gather quantitative information than it is to gather ualitative information.

For example, if Greggs carry out a questionnaire, most of the questions should be designed to gather quantitative information. An example of a quantitative question is “Would you buy this product? ” or “How many times do you visit Greggs per week? “. This information is designed to be gathered on a large scale. Due to the quantitative nature of the questions, it needs to be carried out on a huge scale to get an accurate respresentation of the market. This can be difficult and expensive for Greggs, but if they want valid primary information this is what they ust do.

Greggs will collect qualitative data through interviews and focus groups. They might use this when dealing with people’s opinions and beliefs related to a new service they are offering or a new product development they are planning to release. This specific feedback will directly help Greggs make decisions regarding these new ventures. However, due to it being harder and slower to gather than quantitative information, Greggs will not be able to take information from large amounts of people. This increases the risk of bias in the feedback and may not accurately epresent the overall market.

This research cannot be carried out on a huge scale, due to the complex nature of the answers. For example, if an individual is giving a complex opinion, that answer is completely unique to that one person. If there is thousands of interviewees, each with their own answer to the question, it would be extremely hard to collect and then analyse. The risk of bias is increased due to the relatively small scale of the research, and the interviewees could be influenced by the into a table or spreadsheet. Greggs will need some sort of qualitative data, however.

Greggs must gather both types of information to get a good picture of the market, and to ensure the validity of the research. As said earlier, some types of research are more appropriate for certain aspects of market research. Greggs will need to use an effective mix of these types to gather valid research. For example, if Gregg wants to find out how much customers will pay for the product/service, they will need primary research. Secondary research is not appropriate because it does not gather from the actual target audience and it will not apply to Greggs.

After deciding on primary esearch, Greggs need to choose between quantitative and qualitative data. Qualitative data is beliefs, opinions and attitudes; so it is not appropriate for finding out the price that customers are prepared to pay. Quantitative is used when gathering large amount of information on a large scale, and is suitable for analysis using conventional methods e. g. Spreadsheets, charts. Quantitative is the ideal type of information for this research because it has all of the appropriate characteristics that Greggs require. So the information gathered for this question will be both

Primary and Quantitative. A situation where Greggs might need to gather qualitative information is when asking the question; “What do you think about the product? “. Obviously, this answer cannot be represented numerically. This is also hard to carry out on a large scale, because it is hard to analyse large amounts of complex information and opinions. This information cannot be analysed using conventional methods such as graphs and spreadsheets. The information gathered by this method will give Greggs exclusive access to research which is specific to Greggs.

Declaration of Independence writing an essay help: writing an essay help

My Declaration of Independence When a human was given a brain he/she was given the ability to use it. Since every human has one, every human can use it to make decision for their own welfare equally. In everyday life you will find that some people are bigger and/or better than you in certain fields. Also in everyday life people like to use their age for their own good. In a household of siblings there are certain advantages that are giving by age. Older siblings are aware of these advantages and abuse them to the fullest.

I believe that in households like that a child’s growth can be stunt permanently and, affect them in the long run. I personally hate being the youngest and I’m sure many others feel the same way. In households were parents are aware of the instability they should take action right away. Some parents aren’t aware of these things and let them slide by. These advantages cause many problems and may become fatal. I am tired of the disadvantages of being the youngest. They have taken all the good things I have for them selfs.

They have used out all the hot water and didn’t leave me any to have a good shower. They have eaten all the food I bought for myself. They have controlled the AC & radio in the car always. They have always taken the privilege of deciding where we eat. They have put the burden of chores in my hands. They have been given twice more allowance than me. They have been given first choice on things and given me leftovers. They have made fun of me endlessly. They have excluded me from fun games. They have hogged the bathroom all day long.

Multitasking rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

Studies are being conducted to test the human brain to see if it can actually perform multiple tasks simultaneously. Multitasking has a positive side as well as a negative side to it. Being productive while working on multiple things at once can be a positive, however texting while driving can be one of the most dangerous actions in our world today. Multitasking has become a part of my everyday life, and has added a sense of productivity to my boring school days. Every morning I brush my teeth while I shower,

I do multiple subjects of homework simultaneously at night, and I am currently listening to music as I compose this essay. Multitasking has become essential for me to get all of my tasks done by the end of the day. Despite the dangerous things we do while behind the wheel of a car, I believe multitasking has proven to be a benefit to our society. Multitasking is changing my life everyday by keeping me on top of my school work and my religion all while remaining involved in my community. I have mastered multitasking.

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Food is not rational. Food is culture, habit, craving and identity. All countries have a myriad of diverse ways to express their culture. In my homeland Colombia and my current home the United States there is a lot of divergence as well as resemblances The factors that create ones culture can range from religion, music and food. All cultures share the fact, that they take pride in pleasures and the forms of entertainment they enjoy. I believe one of the greatest cultural aspects in my homeland and as well as the United States, is food.

Some typical dishes in Colombia are tamales, arepas in all styles, empanadas, rice with chicken, beans, sancocho (hen soup) and coconut rice. In exchange, some traditional foods in America consist of pizza, hamburgers, chicken nuggets, french fries, corn, chicken pot pie, candy apples and more. The main difference is that in Colombia the majority of food is prepared from scratch, which in turn means that meal preparation takes significantly longer to follow our grandmothers old recipe on how to properly cook beans. In American culture, we conveniently buy precooked and packaged foods and quickly microwave them.

When we are really pressed for time, which is quite often considering the chaos of living the American dream, we turn to eating fast food. For example, in a Colombian household’s refridgerator, almost no pre-packaged Juice is maintained. For all meals, we freshly squeeze fruit to make natural Juices such as lulo, raspberry, guanabana and tamarind. However, here we easily pore a glass of orange Juice from a carton or make iced tea from processed sugar. Another example is mashed potatoes. In my country, one would boil the potatoes, mash it and the mix appropriate quantities of cheese, salt and butter.

While n American culture one can simply open up a box and heat it up the product while mixing it with milk. I believe this is very common because in Colombia many people own their properties such as farms where they cultivate and harvest food for immediate use. Supermarkets have easy access to farms and therefore it is not for long distance travel. This is also due to the lower economic system in Colombia. People cannot afford to eat out everyday and it would not benefit companies to spend money on chemicals and preservatives when people are accustomed to buying produce and meats for immediate use.

In other words, this is also a personal reference of how the nation chooses to eat their meals. Another factor that contributes to this is the fact that in a typical Colombian household there is usually one or two primary caregivers who work and provide the families financial needs or there is not enough work for both parents. It is more difficult to find occupations in Colombia due to that there are far less people that are educated past high school so that leaves less opportunities for Jobs and less overall income.

Although this is not a favorable trait for the country as a whole but the bright side to this is people live a more stress free life style because I believe he more one has the more they want and crave for. People are not upset with their quality of living and this also gives them more free time to share with their families and provides a sense of unity within the family. In the United States, chemicals and preservatives are used in the food industry in all food except for organic foods that are beginning to take rise because of the nation’s high obesity numbers.

Preservatives are necessary to maintain this way of life mainly because our foods are imported from other countries or are brought from different states and would rot without chemicals. Another reason we inject chemicals into foods are to improve their appearance. It is imperative for our society to use preservatives because most people live a fast pace life which may include working two or three Jobs and going to school or managing the life of your children while being a single mom.

It is important because most people do not have time to cook everyday or to buy groceries and people would starve or the food would be wasted. Also in the United States, single parents are becoming increasingly more common so they have to take on the responsibilities of cleaning, working, taking care of their children and often do not ave personal time, let alone time to cook everyday and that is were fast food becomes appealing because of it’s convenience to the average person living a fast pace lifestyle or as one might say living the “American dream. The United States and Colombia have many cultural differences that create their identity. The way of life in both countries correlates with how they cultivate and eat their meals on a daily basis. Both countries contribute positive and negative factors to their society that affects which foods they eat and is a reflection of how the country functions.

Mt. Gerabaldi college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Sydnie Fugate Period 4 Mt. Garibaldi Mount Garibaldi is a potentially active stratovolcano in the Sea to Sky County of British Columbia, 50m’ north of Vancouver, Canada. This volcano is located in the southernmost Coast Mountains. Also one of the most recognized peaks in the South Coast region, as well as British Columbia’s best known volcano. It lies within the Garibaldi Ranges of the Pacific Ranges. Mount Garibaldi takes up the southwest corner of Garibaldi Provincial Park overlooking the town of Squamish. It is the only volcano in North America known to have been formed upon a glacier. It is not considered part of the Cascade Range.

The height of Mount Garibaldi is 8,796′ (2,678m). If Mount Garibaldi were to erupt, the town of whistler and Squamish would be in danger, but it hasn’t erupted in a very long time. The last eruption was in 8051 BC. Mount Garibaldi began erupting about 250,000 years ago and has grown steadily since then. Like most of the Cascade volcanoes, it has its own origins in the Cascadia subduction zone; a long convergent plate boundary that stretches from mid- Vancouver Island to Northern California. The first European to see the mountain in 792, Captain George Vancouver, traded with the local natives in the area.

When skiing became popular in the 1940s, Vancouver skiers began to search the glaciers and rugged mountains within the park. Eventually in the year of 1944, a club of skiers completed the first ever ski of Mt. Garibaldi. Mount Garibaldi contains three main named peaks. The highest of course is the mountain itself, the second highest is Atwell Peak at the southern edge of the summit plateau, and the lowest of the three is the rounder Dalton Dome west of the highest summit. Two glaciers lie right below the east side of Atwell Peak. Straight north from

Atwell toward the mountain lays a small, high-elevation ice cap called the Cheekye Glacier. (Cheekye River) The steep northern edge of The Barrier in the Garibaldi area has partly collapsed several times. The most recent collapse was in 1855-56. Due to the collapse, a large boulder field was formed below it. In case of future collapsing of the mountain, the human activity. What makes this mountain so interesting is that Mount Garibaldi is associated with a group of small volcanoes that form the Garibaldi Lake volcanic field, (an area of the Earth’s crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity. ) *Map of Mt. Garibaldi*

Sentence and Following Generalizations cbest essay help: cbest essay help

Suzanne Britt believes that neat people are lazy, mean, petty, callous, wasteful, and insensitive. ” How would you respond to this statement? 2. Is the author’s main purpose to make fun of neat people, to assess the habits of neat and sloppy people, to help neat and sloppy people get along better, to defend sloppy people, to amuse and entertain, or to prove that neat people are morally inferior to sloppy people? Discuss. 3. What is meant by “as always” in the sentence “The distinction is, as always, moral” (Para. 1)?

Does the author seem to be suggesting that any and all distinctions between people are moral? 1 . What is the general tone of this essay? What words and phrases help you determine that tone? 2. Britt mentions no similarities between neat and sloppy people. Does that mean this is not a good comparison and contrast essay? Why might a writer deliberately focus on differences and give very little or no time to similarities?

Catcher in the Rye Duck Symbolism admission college essay help: admission college essay help

In J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, many symbols are employed. One of these symbols is the ducks in the Central Park lagoon, which represent many important virtues in the novel. These virtues are seen in the main character, Holden, a misunderstood kid who is angry at the world. However, the ducks demonstrate some of Holden’s better traits: his inclination to learn more about the world and his adoration of childhood. The symbolism of the ducks is developed in many ways. Salinger introduces that the ducks are significant by showing Holden’s further curiosity in them.

During the novel he asks his first cab driver if he “happen[s] to know where they go, the ducks, when it gets all frozen over? Do you happen to know, by any chance? ” (60). This same curiosity trails him later in the book when he questions a second cab driver. Later on, Salinger associates the ducks determination to overcome the adverse environment with Holden’s understanding of his own situation. Much like Holden’s life, the environment the ducks live in is constantly changing and they have to learn to adapt to their new environment relatively quickly.

However, a more key point in the novel is when Salinger displays Holden’s emotions. He arrives drunk at the park to find to his dismay that the ducks are not there. As a result, he sits there pondering suicide, mainly because of the influence they have on him. With his sudden awareness of the fragility of life by his brother, Allie’s death: He is very scared of change and disappearance. Thus, Salinger introduces how the ducks are symbolic in another way.. The ducks display the idea that some vanishings are only temporary.

In addition, they symbolize that change is recurring, not permanent. This is proven when the ducks disappear every winter yet return to the same place every spring. This thought arouses Holden’s curiosity once again about where the ducks actually go during winter. Salinger contrasts his depressed and angry depiction with a sincere, more childlike side to his character. This connects to the ducks because Holden shows care towards the ducks, where in contrast, he pays little attention to many things in the story.

This is a very notable moment in the story since Holden evidently has very little ambition in many other aspects of his life. In addition to the strong comparison between the lives of Holden and the ducks, they also represent his relationship with his family. His fear is that he may be unable to ssimilate smoothly back into his family. This is embodied in Holden’s communication with his sister Phoebe, and the way he writes about her. Along with this Salinger highlights Holden’s curiosity once again, nonetheless, this time it is more anxiety than curiosity.

Holden asks, “Well, you know the ducks that swim around in it? In the springtime and all? Do you happen to know where they go in the wintertime, by any chance? ” (81-82). Salinger uses diction to characterize Holden’s worry moreover, when his parents discover his expulsion from Pency Prep. All of this symbolism is very effective in representing Salinger’s themes in the novel. They provide us with good examples of a struggling kid and his unique dependence on something that would otherwise be meaningless.

The ducks situation with their struggle to survive the harsh environment, having to leave for winter, correlates with Holden’s own internal idea that although things might not always be better, he will be better. Salinger’s ability to incorporate so many symbols in the novel creates a very clear main theme. He uses the idea that some vanishings are only temporary, much like the ducks when they leave for winter. This is to contrast that innocence is such a pure and significant art of life that only exists temporarily. This relates to Holden’s curiosity throughout the novel.

A Midsummers Night Dream Analysis essay help writing: essay help writing

Elizabeth l, is given a positive critique by the playwright evident throughout the text. Beginning the in the first act gender roles are defined by Thesues, Duke of Athens. As the play unravels it becomes evident that Hermia has no interest in wedding with her arraigned suitor, Demetrius. When Egeus complains to the Duke of Athens about his daughters reluctance to obey, the Duke responds: What say you, Hermia? Be advised fair maid. To you your father should be as a god, One that composed your beauties, yea, and one To whom you are but as a form in wax By him imprinted, and within his power

To leave the figure or disfigure it. (1. 1. 46-51). This excerpt shows that women lack power and are the possessions of their fathers. Hermia must obey her father and refrain from relishing out against him. In Hermia’s case she has far too much courage to obey her fathers orders. Hermia’s strength is shown yet again in act one she inquires into the consequences of not listening to her father. Theseus states, “either to die the death, or to abjure for ever the society of men” (1. 1. 65-66). Hermia must listen to these orders or suffer the consequences of death or permanent chastity.

Despite these consequences, Hermia protests: So I will grow, so live, so die, my lord Ere I will yield my virgin patent up Unto his lordship whose unwished yoke My soul consents not to give sovereignty (1. 1. 79-82). Hermia would rather wilt away then give her virginity to someone she does not love. Later, in a conversation between Hermia and her love Lysander she expresses her willingness to flea Athens in pursuit of love: I swear to thee by Cupid’s strongest bow. By his best arrow with the golden head… By all the vows that ever men have broke In number more than ever women spoke

In that same place thou hast appointed me Tomorrow truly will I meet with thee (1. 1 . 169-178) an effort to be with her preferred partner. While some may contest this excerpt shows her being submissive to Lysander, Hermia still shows valor, a trait Helena clearly lacked. Despite Hermia and Helena being friends since their youth, their character complexes are vastly distinct in that Helena is far more submissive and representative of the gender roles of the late 16th century than the fearless Hermia. Helena displays desperation for Demestrius in addition to her submissiveness in the following passage:

I am your spaniel, and Demetrius, The more you beat me I will fawn on you. Use me but as your spaniel: spurn me, strike me, Neglect me, lose me; only give me leave, Unworthy as I am, to follow you. (2. 1. 203-207) This passage shows Helena begging for Demetrius to love her in return. Helena has no self worth or confidence as she refers to herself as a dog or treat her in any way that Demetrius would like and she would not have a problem with anything, for she is completely submissive to him. Later in the act, Helena states: Your wrongs do set a scandal on my sex We cannot fght for love as men may do

We should be wooed, and were not made to woo (2. 1. 24(:)-243) This passage shows Helena speaking to Lysander in a submissive tone stating that women cannot fight for love the way men do and that women were not made to pursue. The passage is a clearly admission of sub-ordinance in regards to women being less than men, at least in Helena’s eyes. In reference to Elizabeth I the sovereign during the time the play was first written and performed. Shakespeare provides a positive critique when Oberon says the following to Titania: That very time I saw, but thou couldst not, Flying between the cold moon and the earth,

Cupid, all armed. A certain aim he took At a fair vestal throned by the west, And loosed his love-shaft smartly from his bow As it should pierce a hundred thousand hearts. But I might see young Cupid’s fiery shaft Quenched in the chaste beams of the wat’ry moon, And the imperial vot’ress passed on, In maiden meditation, fancy-free. (2. 1. 155-163) Here Oberon is speaking to Titania but it can be reasoned that Shakespeare is alluding to Queen Elizabeth l. He protests her as a strong woman that won’t succumb to cupid’s arrow. Oberon praises her devotion to the throne and chastity. Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I because it shows a woman acting autonomously and not under the control ofa man. A Midsummer Night’s Dream is rich in contextual overview of the times in 16th century England. A female monarch ruled at a time when women were legally bound to obedience and their marriages were predetermined. Shakespeare showed however that women could be Just as brave as men or incredibly submissive, which was shown through Hermia and Helena. While some women at the time succumbed to the belief that they were to become wives and mothers, others chose to act autonomously such as Elizabeth I, who Shakespeare honored in the play.

Allegory of the cave narrative essay help: narrative essay help

How would it feel to be chained down in one room in one place without being able to move the head and all you can see is a wall? Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think and speak without any awareness of his realm of forms. His “Allegory of the cave” explains this in details. Allegory is referred to as a figure of language which can be expressed in pictures, sculptures, or any other form of art. In the allegory, Plato likens people untutored in the theory of forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads.

All they can see is the wall and behind them burns a fire. Between the fire and the prisoners, who are chained down, there is a parapet, along which puppeteers can walk. The puppeteers, who are behind the prisoners, hold up puppets that cast shadows on the wall of the cave. The prisoners cannot see or hear these puppets, the real objects that pass behind them. All they see and hear are shadows and echoes cast by objects that they cannot see. All the prisoners would think, what they see on the wall is a reality. They do not know nything about the outside world.

Being tied down at one place without being able to move your head is no Joke. It is hardest thing to do for any human being. These prisoners have stayed that way for their whole life. I cannot even imagine myself being one of them. All you are seeing on the wall are shadows. Plato asked to consider what would happen if the prisoner was released from their chain and set free. That prisoner would be forced to have to stand up, walk upright, and walk with his eyes directed towards the light. All these movements would be painful to said prisoner.

The prisoner would also be dazzled by all that existed in this “outside world” to notice what objects had been making the illusions and shadows all along. If someone told him that what he had formerly had seen was a meaningless illusion and was actually now nearer to reality then before, it would be extremely difficult for the prisoner to believe. If someone actually showed him the various objects being carried and told what each of them was, the prisoner would be perplexed and would robably believe that most of the objects shown to him were not real and what he formerly saw was.

What would happen if the prisoner had to look at the firelight itself? According to Plato, the prisoner’s eyes would ache and he would try to escape to the things he could see clearly. The prisoner would then be convinced that they were clearer than those other objects being shown to him. The prisoner would have to get familiar with objects before he could see things in the “upper world. ” It would be easier to start with small, viewing things such as shadows and reflections before e viewed more difficult images such as that of sky, the light of the moon, and the stars.

Then, prisoner can move onto view the sun and consider its existence. Getting out of the cave after living your whole life tied down to one place would be very tough and see the real world. What they saw on the wall is what they believed. Now getting out and seeing real things would be hard to believe. Their reality was the shadows they saw on the wall. I cannot imagine anyone I know or myself living the life that the prisoners have lived. “Allegory of the cave” By maipate191

English Notes college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles

An ellipsis is a series of three dots, used to create a pause in thinking or, when quoting, to omit information. The deliberate omission of a word or words readily implied by context. Examples: The man looked above … all he could see were three black silhouettes against the bright blue sky. When the man looked above he couldn’t quite believe what he … In the anime world, Naruto is a hero; Goku, a legend. saw . Enjambment (poetic element): Enjambment is the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses.

It is to be ontrasted with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line, and caesura, in which the linguistic unit ends mid-line. ‘Don’t Ask Me, Love, For That First Love’ shows enjambment in its various strengths; the second line, ending at the same time as the sentence, is completely end-stopped I am not prone to weeping, as our sex Commonly are; they want of which vain dew Perchance shall dry your pities; but I have That honorable grief lodged here which burns Worse than tears drown.

Meaning flows as the lines progress, and the reader’s eye is forced to go on to the next sentence. It can also make the reader feel uncomfortable or the poem feel like “flow-of-thought” with a sensation of urgency or disorder. Epigram: The Epigram is expressed in various ways: A. In the Epigrammatic style. It now refers to a style marked by point and brevity. It does not necessarily involve contrast. B. Emphatic assertion. “What I have written, I have written. ” C. Indirect or concealed statement. A kind of mingling of literal and figurative. D. Punning E.

Paradox “Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and often convincing. ” (Oscar Wilde) “No one is completely unhappy at the failure of his best friend. (Groucho Marx) successive clauses. Also known as epiphora. Contrast with anaphora (rhetoric). When I was a child, I spoke as a child; I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. “Then I’ll be all aroun’ in the dark. I’ll be ever’where – wherever you look. Wherever they’s a fght so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Wherever they’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there…..

An’ when our folk eat the stuff they raise an’ live in the houses they build – why, I’ll be there” – John Steinbeck Euphemism: The substitution of an inoffensive term (such as “passed away”) for one onsidered offensively explicit (“died”). Contrast with dysphemism. Adjective “The economic classification recession was actually invented in 1937 when the economy was back in the toilet but FDR didn’t want to call it a depression. And the description depression first surfaced during the Hoover administration, a substitute for a more vivid but disconcerting term of art: panic. Dan Foreman: Guys, I feel very terrible about what I’m about to say. But I’m afraid you’re both being let go. Lou: Let go? What does that mean? Dan Foreman: It means you’re being fired, Louie. Figurative Language: Whenever you describe something by comparing it with omething else, you are using fgurative language. Examples: Similes, metaphor, personification, alliteration Busy as a bee- Simile My teddy bear gave me a big warm hug! – Personification Hyperbole Overstatement: A figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement. A contrast with understatement.

Examples: “l was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far. ” (Mark Twain, “Old Times on the Mississippi”) “l bent over and took hold of the room with both hands and spun it. When I had it nicely spinning I gave it a full swing and hit myself on the back of the head with the floor. ” with which it is closely associated (such as “crown” for “royalty”). Metonymy is also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it, as in describing someone’s clothing to characterize the individual. In a corner, a cluster of lab coats made lunch plans. ” (Karen Green, Bough Down. Siglio, 2013) “Fear gives wings. ” (Romanian proverb) Motif: A motif is something that has symbolic importance to a story. Often times this object or idea is brought up several times in a book. Examples: In Death of a Salesman, a play by Arthur Miller, the constant talk about Alaska and path less traveled by the protagonist Willy Loman, is about how his father found success in Alaska while he stayed in Brooklyn. In Catcher in the Rye, by the late J. D.

Salinger, would be the fact that the protagonist Holden Caulfield is searching for a partner in life, as he lives alone. The fact that he is alone is brought up time and time again in the book, when he calls former girls he knew, or talks to classmates that he did not like, but Just needed to talk to. His loneliness is a driving force inside the book to examine his separation of himself and he world. Onomatopoeia : The use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Examples: “Chug, chug, chug. Puff, puff, puff. Ding-dong, ding-dong.

A Better Optician for Better Service and for a Better Future gp essay help: gp essay help

It will help s getting used to the working the environment in the future. What do the opticians do? “Opticians are health professionals trained to supply, prepare and dispense optical appliances, interpret prescriptions prepared by ophthalmologists and optometrist, and fit, adjust and adapt optical appliances” (College of Opticians of Ontario). ln other words, the optician can provide, fit and adjust contact lenses and eye glasses who has abnormal vision. In Ontario, required opticians to complete formal training and education in opticianary and then must pass competency exam prior to receive license.

And the opticians are regulated and registered by the College of Opticians of Ontario(COO). Also the college has a responsibility under the opticians act, 1991 and governed under the regulated health professions act, 1991. The college serves and protects the public interest and association protects and serves the opticians. As we know, opticians may work in any variety of environments such as joint practice, hospitals, manufactures, lab eye care centers, optometrist or ophthalmologist clinic and even own the retail store.

Our duty Talking about the duty and responsibility, opticians have many of duties to the ood service, tell clients what it is the procedure we are going to do, ask for the client’s consent before we do and don’t assume they can or can’t afford the money and always present more than one lens and material to meet the patient needs. Being a member of profession also means that opticians have a duty to be polite and work with fellow practitioners like optometrist and ophthalmologist to serve the better way for patients and remember don’t prescribe the prescription, disease and treatment for patients.

All of us need to do is trying to coordinate and cooperate with ptometrist and ophthalmologist and care of patients whenever possible. The code of ethics Furthermore, the code of ethics include being honest at all time, respecting the confidentiality of clients and allowing patient to make informed choices as to their health care. This is the minimum goal and ideals opticians must do to avoid discipline. And also we should be following professional standards which to practice safely, effectively and professionally. Be care of making mistake on professional misconduct, incompetence and incapacity.

Having an adequate knowledge, skill and udgment, using the proper tools and machines to measure the eyeglasses or contact lenses and good communication with clients make sure we did the right Judgment and assessment for them. It is the better way to provide the suitable frame, lenses and service. Standards of Practice Every college has their scope of practice, it is called SOP. There have six steps for the standards: “Standard 1 : Competence, Standard 2: Professional Conduct, Standard 3: Fitting of Appropriate Optical Devices, Standard 4: Safety and the Practice Environment, Standard 5: Infection Control, Standard 6: Records” (College of

Opticians of Ontario). Standard 1 :Competence Every optician has responsible for maintain the competence. Each one should have sufficient education and experience to perform competently and safely. Nevertheless graduated from school and got the license, that need to through the continuing education every year to maintain and enhance knowledge and learn more information. The optician will assist patients to find the necessary professional help and determinate that appropriate solution. Standard 2:Professional Conduct “The optician shall meet the ethical and legal requirement of professional practice. College of Opticians of Ontario). We should play the rules in accordance with Regulated Health Profession Act, 1991 ,the Opticianry Act, 1991, Human Right Code and regulations, by laws and standards of practice of the college of Opticians of Ontario. Standard 3:The optician should fit , prepare and dispense appropriate patient evaluation, lens details and tools. Patient evaluation includes the prescription that must contain the name of doctor, patient’s name, patient’s prescription and the date of examination.

The optician must have a duplication in the patient’s file and retain at least six years. Also optician must inform their patients that have eye tested regularly. Optician should know well about the lens and choose the proper tools to fit the eyeglasses or contact lens and maintain them in good working and standard condition. Standard 4:Each optician to ensure that practice site be equipped and maintained. Every procedure are in the place and assure health and safety environment for both patients and staff.

The god of small things Book review essay help 123: essay help 123

The God of Small Things: Book Review The God of Small Things is a heart-rending story about the Indian fraternal twins, Rahil and Estha, who learn that their whole world can change in a day. It is a story about love ” namely, the “laws of love. ” Estha and Rahel along with their Ammu (mother) live in their maternal grandparents’ house in Ayemenem following Ammu’s divorce. Ammu works in the familys pickle factory in spite of which she and her kids are denied any rights, let alone love, by her Oxford returned brother Chacko who onsiders them nothing less than millstones around his neck.

The story goes further when Chacko’s ex-wife Margaret brings their daughter Sophie to Ayemenem on a visit from London. The ill-fated visit ends in the demise of Sophie for which Estha and Rahel have to pay a heavy price. The kids are the victims as they are snatched of their childhood, their happiness sought in small things. The story reveals historys cruel way of taking revenge at people who break the Love Laws. Arundhati Roy is gifted in the art of language. The book has its own unique language with rhythmical analogies o every situation that is a completely lyrical experience until the last page.

Shifts in different places and times create suspense and keep readers attracted. The text is very poetic and descriptive. Roy mainly uses foreshadowing to tell her story. The reader knows ” to an extent ” what happened from the beginning of the story. The details are unknown, but it is safe to assume there will be unfortunate events. That is what is special about her writing style. The rest of the novel is the story unfolding through the eyes of a child. Roy also repeats various parts that may be confusing, in a ifferent manner later in the book.

A few points in politics are included in the novel, but the main focus is on the Love Laws, which indicate who can love whom. The story speaks of castes in India, which are “ranks” of civilians, where only members of the same caste can love each other. If the Love Laws are disobeyed, there will be consequences. The poetic quality of the novel should be appraised. Certain phrases, sentences or paragraphs were written in a rhythm, unlike most other novels. The storyline is very dark, showing the suffering in the lower castes of India.

The nnocent are often blamed and they are easily punished from an accusation of the higher class. The population in the lower castes seems hopeless; they will never be able to climb the ladder in society. In the novel, a low-class servant was beat to death by the police after being falsely accused of murder. The story is told from Estha’s point of view and can be intended for any audience. Estha talks about the story as an adult who has reunited with his twin. The story frequently changes the time to Estha’s childhood, where he recalls exactly what had happened.

However, it an be slightly confusing due to the usage of phrases and terms of another language. I did not find the storyline to be very fascinating, but I do appreciate her writing style. Although this was her only novel, she demonstrated how to write great literature. The reader will be able to follow the pace easily, and will soon realize the have already sensed that the twins will separate and their family will have terrible misfortune without reading half way into the novel. Although The God of Small Things is not one of my favourites, I still recommend this book because her writing tyle deserves to be praised.

Life is not always tied neatly in a bow, but some people do adapt and flourish despite the many dilemmas. These become life experiences that are truly endless and unforgettable. Betrayal, endurance, and sacrifice are concepts that humans deal with on a daily basis. It is not random chance that people develop qualities of confidence, motivation, and endurance; it is merely due to what one faces. In the novel, And the Mountains Echoed, Khalid Hosseini, represents a different character’s perspective nd story which provides a connection with the others by the idea of how difficult it is to make decisions and how they can impact one’s life.

These pieces, representing the story of each character, of the whole puzzle are the echoes of an old story during the pre-Soviet era. The experiences of many central characters bring them to self- awareness and personal enlightenment based on the betrayal that the figures face as the onset of tragedy, the endurance to survive from the situation, and the difficult choices of sacrifice that they make in order to protect their loved ones.

I’ll Follow you into the dark college essay help: college essay help

I’ll Follow You Into the Dark – Extra Credit When I was in third grade I remember my teacher, Mrs. Cindy telling us that by the end of the week she would be choosing someone to be a line leader. I was extremely excited, to me being a leader would be such an honor, and Just the word itself sparked a sense of want and all the pleasant words I had then associated with “leader” floated around in my mind like courage, integrity, passion and sincerity. I wanted to be a leader.

At that time I had no specific reason as to why; I had Just been taught that being a leader was a good thing, not Just by my parents but also through ocialization and society. However now my mindset is not that of a third grader and words have completely changed their meaning, like leader, I do not want to be a leader anymore. There seems to be more leaders out there with bad intentions than pure ones and each leader we have had and currently have, fall into one of the following categories.

There are leaders only in it for profit, for the glory and power, and then finally, to guide people in a right path. Human Geographers believe that Africa was meant to be the richest continent in the world because of its bundance in high value resources however Africa is a third world country and that is mainly because of the corrupt leaders it has had in the past and now. For example, Laurent Gabagbo, the former president of the Ivory Coast, he was involved with swindling money from his people and many human rights violation.

When the democratic nation tried to kick him out, it was almost impossible because he had so much wealth and support from other wealthy and powerful people, letting the common man suffer under is rule. Money really is the root of all evil, it brings out the orst and inhumane in people and I am sure we can all find an example of a selfish, greedy leader in every country right now. Why do you think revolutions sparked and spread so quickly in the Arab springs last year? Greed- people were left starving in Egypt while the president had a penthouse in France, which reminds, do you guys remember Marie Antoinette and Louis WI?

They had lavish parties and lived a luxurious and high life while their people were starving on the streets and dying every day. We need leaders, rulers and president who would be willing to work and ead and guide nations for free, with no monetary profit, who would be good leaders just because it is the right thing to do. The HBO show the “Game of Thrones” is an extremely popular period-themes show that I even watch it myself presents multiple dynamic types of leaders to its audience.

Many people including me like it because of all the politics involved, even though it is set in medieval times the political scene very much parallels ours showing us that reasons why people want to be leaders have and will always be the same. In the show one of the bad people fghting for the throne was asked why he anted to lead the seven kingdoms he simple said for Legacy. He said that the fame and glory and honor was all he wanted, not the riches, because when you die so do the riches, but the glory and power associated with your name lives on.

The man also had a son in which he passed down his beliefs to but the son had exaggerated the and leaders are the most dangerous because no amount of power will ever be enough for them. You have seen this in the pas with empires, for example, the great Mughal Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Roman Empire, they kept expanding anting to be bigger and more powerful. They got a high from being on top and telling others what to do; it even amazes and excites them when people do anything for them at the snap of a finger.

To be honest we all want that, we all want some power over someone or something (like a mother wanting power over her children) but to some degree, there is a fine line and when leaders dramatically pass it, oppression is inevitable. Only a fool would think that there are no bad people in this world or bad leaders like the ones I provided you with above but an even greater fool would think there re no good leaders or good in this world. Because there are some people who are born leaders, who want to help and lead people in the right path, who want to use their skills and knowledge to enlighten and guide people.

Martin Luther King Jr. was one for example; he led a strong civil rights movement which gave many African Americans a voice, hope and rights in a time when they were being horribly discriminated against. Or Akbar the Great, the first Muslim emperor who taught his people the purity and righteousness in religious tolerance towards the Hindus and ll other people of different backgrounds; and finally, Nelson Mandela, a persevering leader who ended the apartheid in South Africa.

I truly believe that people are initially born good, with pure and clean hearts, so I believe there are more kind- hearted and rightful leaders than corrupt ones; it is Just a matter of supporting the good ones and kicking out the bad. We all have a choice and we all have a voice. I am not the same girl I used to be when I was in third grade but who I am in the core is the same, I still see the good in being a leader and leader but I am Just not as naive as I was before.

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