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Importance Of Ethnic Culture And Hispanic Culture College Application Essay Help Online


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Importance of ethnic culture

How important are cultural roots for yourself?

There are many races in this earth some with more culture, morals, influence, and values than others. That still doesnt change the fact that we all live in this earth together sharing what ever piece of land we live on. No matter what race we are — we are always influenced to believe in our roots. I am Hispanic, my roots are very strong because in my household I was thought that morals and values and the unity of family will always be part of your life when a family is born. It is important to me that the roots I was thought keep on for generations to come, maybe by influencing my future husband and children. The importance of unity in a household is very complex maybe because everyone has there ups and downs in life. One thing that is also very complex in the Hispanic culture is that most of the time the first language thought is Spanish and that can cause some controversy due to the fact that in the country I live in the main language is English. Many times the culture you have flowing in your bloodstream can create problems like racism and the way you are judged by the color of your skin but that does not change the fact of who we are. Yes I can say that culture is very important to me because that is who I am that is what will stay with me for the rest of my life. Several people have changed the culture they were raised with — one big example in the king of pop Michael Jackson who changed his appearance to become a white person when he was born black. To do that is just disrespecting who your parents are and where you came from but in this world money is more important than any culture, race or background you come from. Culture means everything to me because without culture then what can we say about ourselves. Maybe that we are all the same but we are not all the same culture separates us , the way of thinking separates us and our expressions of what we believe in makes us who we really are. After all the creator of the earth made us all different in language, color of our skin, and the freedom of believing in anything we want. To me the meaning of my ethnic culture will always over power anything that comes in my way I know that in south Texas you dont get a lot of racism but I know for a fact that if I ever suffer through that horrible feeling I will stand by to what I was thought and to what I believe in. Culture is a form of life, Hispanics take a

Crime Statistics And Different Ethnic Groups college essay help service


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Different ethnic groups have different representations according to crime statistics, only certain groups of ethnic minorities are over represented in statistics. Some ethnic minority groups such as Afro-Caribbean males appear proportionately higher in crime statistics whereas the Chinese in comparison are under represented. Afro-Caribbean males are the main ethnic minority group to be over represented in crime statistics. When looking at any official statistics we must remember that they may not be totally accurate. Crime statistics are based on reported and recorded crime. They are not necessarily a reflection of offending rates but can be seen just as much as a comment on the actions of the police. Therefore a social construction reflecting policing methods and other processes such as the judicial system. Yet if the crime statistics are correct and reflect the true nature of criminal acts we must ask ourselves why some ethnic minority groups do commit more crime?

The focus in crime statistics are towards those of African-Caribbean origin. In 2000 26 whites were arrested per 1000 of the population, with 113 per 1000 for “blacks” and 37 for Asian. After arrest, those of Afro-Caribbean backgrounds are slightly more likely to be held in custody and to be charged with more serious offences than whites. If found guilty of a crime, those of Afro-Caribbean origin are likely to receive a harsher sentence, 17% more likely to be imprisoned than whites. Sociologists are divided on whether these statistics mean that members of the ethnic minorities are discriminated against. If, as some sociologists argue, the actions of the police officers are partly motivated by racism, then the arrest rates reflect this, rather than offending rates by ethnic minorities. If some ethnic minorities higher arrest rate is evidence of police racism, there are a number of explanations. Reflection of society, this approach was adopted by Lord Scarman in his inquiry

Susan Emotional Sets Of Mind And Client Susan free essay help online: free essay help online


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Jeremias E Acosta

Introduction to Human Services

Case Study: Susan

Human Service Model


Susan emotional sets of mind are stress, frustration, depression, and unhappiness. Susan is emotionally stressed due to fact her marriage ended in a violent divorce with Ted. Also fourteen year old Matthew has a job and as the result is affecting his performance in school and does not plan to attend college. Justin has developed emotional and behavioral he is failing all of is classes in fact his as escaladed to point he has used and sold narcoses within school and home premises. Susan also feels frustrated about her financial difficulty ranging from groceries to medical and utilities bills.

The client Susan, major current problem is her financial difficulty with maintaining her personal level of living. Ted child support payments are not stable and his insurance do not cover Justin correctional treatment in a private residential hospital and Justin medical bills totals up to 80,000. Susan low income makes it defaults to buy groceries and pay utilities bills. Susan financial problems are becoming over whelming and due to the fact she is feeling helpless and depress.

Susan alternatives are to contact her family for financial assistance in living and for emotional support and contact her nearest poor relief services group.

Susan needs to contact her nearest poor relief services group in order to help her with food supply for the next month

while her case for medciad and temporay public welfare assistance is processing. Susan would have to under go weekly visit for counseling for her mild depression. Susan would also need to enroll in a full service school program in order to return and complete her teaching degree

Teen Pregnancy And High School Drop homework essay help

Teen Pregnancy and High School Drop out Prevention

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Teenage pregnancy is affecting the graduation rate in high schools. All over the nation the dropout rate of students is increasing, of which teen pregnancy is often a factor. “Approximately 1,000 high school students will drop out with each hour that passes in a school day in America. This means that 30 percent of the class of 2007, or 1.2 million students, were estimated to have dropped out last year” (National Womens Law Center, 2007). Many factors combine to affect a pregnant or parenting teens decision to drop out of high school. This paper will discuss these factors, the statistics and history of teen pregnancy, strengths and needs of this population and finally an intervention plan will be proposed based on past evidence to help teen mothers graduate high school.

Over the years, schools and districts printed false or incorrect graduation rates, and as a result, the American public knew little of the possibility and seriousness of the problems faced by far too many of the nations high schools. Reputable research has uncovered alarmingly low graduation rates that were previously hidden behind incorrect calculations and inadequate data. Between 2007 and 2008, the State Event Dropout rate of Arizonas was 6.7% (Chapman, Laird & KewalRamani, 2010). Policies regarding teen mothers have been lost in the education system and people arent aware there even is a policy. “Under Title IX, passed in 1972 and implemented in 1975, public schools are explicitly charged with providing equal educational access and opportunity to pregnant and mothering students” (Pillow, 2006). Sometimes even the slightest forms of discrimination can be enough to drive pregnant teens out of school. They come in the form of schools refusing to allow excused absences when a teen has a doctors appointment related to pregnancy or teachers not allowing make-up work to be completed. Sometimes counselors convince pregnant teens to move to substandard alternative schools or do not allow them to participate in school activities based on disparaging, discouraging and disapproving comments from teachers and students. This can be illegal due to Title XI and contribute to the high dropout rates.

In the past people did not worry about teen pregnancy as long as they were married before they had their child. It was encouraged for young couples to get married and have a family at a young age. School was not as important as starting a family. By the 1900s people started to put education before early marriages. When the Great Depression occurred, marriages and teen pregnancies began to rise again causing a decrease in education (Lindenmeyer, 2008). If a teen was seen pregnant in school the family was shunned or extremely embarrassed. Families would take their pregnant daughter out of school for the year. Families hid the fact that their daughters were pregnant out of wedlock. They would send them to special schools or home school them until the baby was born. Sometimes they would go back and finish school and other times they would drop out in order to help support the family.

A teen that dropouts of high school significantly reduces their chances to secure a good job and a promising future. In 2006, it was estimated that adult women without a high school diploma earned only $15,500 per year. This is $6,000 less annually than women with a high school diploma (National Womens Law Center, 2007). Moreover, not only do the individuals themselves suffer, but the children of parenting teenagers suffer as well. Often, young women are left to raise a baby on their own, without the father and many times without any financial aid. This leads to more women who rely on the welfare system, which is funded by taxpayers. Each class of dropouts is responsible for financial and social costs to the communities and states in which they live, so a lack of financial contribution affects the economy.

Teenagers also lack the sex education information they need. Schools do not allow sex education to be taught without parent approval and parents do not believe it is appropriate to discuss in school, yet they do not discuss it at home either. Teenagers are not educated about the dangers of engaging in sexual activity, which does lead to teen pregnancy. Providing comprehensive sexual education does not increase the likelihood that kids will have sex (Males, 1993). It will only give them the chance to make a better decision and know their options. Once teen pregnancy occurs, their lives change and the female rarely continues with her education. Teen mothers do not realize they can meet the same educational goals they had prior but it might take a little longer (Lopez-Dawson, 2000). Girls, who leave because they become pregnant, report that they would have continued with their education if they had received greater support from the educators in the school (Lopez-Dawson, 2000). Teen mothers do not know their options and do not know where else to turn. They end up dropping out and getting their GED because they are not told of any other options. Everyone needs to be educated and learn other resources that might be out there.

There are many strengths and needs of the teen mothers who have dropped out of high school. Their strengths include resiliency and being a parent. Many teen mothers have had difficult childhoods and have survived many struggles. Overall, 84% of teen pregnancies are unintended and since they have overcome many hardships, this is just another obstacle (Sheaff & Talashek, 1995). Hopefully, teen mothers will see a new beginning in their new role as a mother and in their child and will work to be a good parent, even if they do not complete high school. Another strength is that they are in fact a parent. Whether larger society approves of teen parenting or not, they are parents and raising part of our future generation. According to the NASW Code of Ethics, social workers need to respect a person for whom they are and this will in turn help build the teen mothers self-esteem (2008). It is important to recognize this and treat teen mothers like any other parent and count their child as a blessing and a future contribution to society.

There are numerous specific needs of this population in regards to finishing high school that can be identified through their most common struggles. Only 2% of teen mothers earn a college degree by age 30 (Albert, 2010). This can be understood through reasons why teen mothers do not complete their high school education. According to Lall (2007) many teen moms leave school due to peer pressure. Other teenagers may not accept the teen parent and ridicule them, which may cause them to self-exclude and eventually leave school. Parenting teens may also leave school due to health and safety reasons (Lall, 2007). Pregnant women are seen as a liability by the school

Facial Recognition And Facial Recognition Technology law essay help: law essay help

Facial Recognition

Facial recognition technology has emerged as a groundbreaking solution to address many ongoing needs for identification and the verification of identity claims. It achieves the same goal for other biometric systems, which identity to individually distinctive features of the human. Additionally it brings together familiar functionality of visual surveillance systems.

Chapter 1 describes origin of facial recognition technology and currently available methods. It explains a limitation of current development, and possibility of similar technology emerging like iris recognition. Also, it addresses the unique challenges and concerns that attend its development, evaluation, and specific operational uses.

Chapter 2 analyzes face recognition technology in which focusing on (1) accessibility justifies components to make facial recognition works (2) maturity explains a stage of development whether or not technology is ready for deployment (3) consequence explains outcomes or potential applications if technology is fully emerged. A several examples are illustrated.

Chapter 3 discusses a plan to accommodate with a new challenge. Additionally, the issues those appear intractable. It concerns with efficacy extends to privacy considerations.

Chapter 4 explains the conclusion that draws from the finding.

The computer-based face recognition technology has made much worthwhile advancement in the past decades. However, requirement for higher accuracy systems remains. Through the determination and commitment of industry, and concern evaluations, growth and progress will continue, raising the bar for face recognition technology.

The computer-based face recognition technology has made much worthwhile advancement in the past decades. However, requirement for higher accuracy systems remains. Through the determination and commitment of industry, and concern evaluations,

Key Component Of The Concept Of Sociological Imagination And Sociological Imaginationð custom essay help: custom essay help

Sociological Imagination

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To define �sociological imagination’ the term �sociology’ must be defined first as the systematic study of human society which encompasses and is the key component of the concept of sociological imagination. One of the fundamental contributors to the concept of sociology is C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) who at the time had a controversial and unique approach to sociology. He considered aspects of both micro (small scale activities of everyday life) and macro (looking at society as a whole) approaches as influences to the study of society. Willis argued that sociology requires a particular type of imagination, sociological imagination; that sociology cannot be based purely on individual experiences, but by linking one’s individual and private experiences with a broader spectrum approach, one can better understand the systematic process of society as a whole Willis (1970) . For example, if one’s partner was an alcoholic, this experience would be a very private problem. If twenty percent of the society were alcoholics, and as a result the subculture of declining health in the population was a secondary effect of this problem, then this becomes a public issue.

Jureidini and Poole (2003) explain that sociologists study the broad structural factors, the processes and practices that influence everyday lives and vice versa. Mills (1970) describes the components of sociological imagination as the interconnected influences that connect lives (biographies) and history within society’s structure.

To consider the sociological imagination, one must first consider the aspects of biography, history, and structure and the complex relationship of all three within society. The sociological imagination enables individuals to understand why there are specific attitudes, behaviours and beliefs. It provides sound ideas and theoretical tools to analyse critically what is seen and read every day, to confidently evaluate social issues, and to link them to every day lives and experiences.

To illustrate the sociological imagination, if a child has a drug addiction, this would be a very private affair creating much emotion and pain within the family unit. However, if thirty percent of young people are drug addicts and there is a whole criminal subculture supporting the maintenance of drug addiction then the issue of drug addiction and crime would be a public issue. This scenario must consider the biographical and historical circumstances as well as the structural aspects of society to assess the impact of such an issue. When considering the history,

Good Example And Scientific Study Of Human Social Activity college essay help free


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Sociology is the scientific study of human social activity. In the effort to study human social activity sociologists brake it down into objects of analysis. The three objects of analysis are population, social structure, and the individual. Each can be differentiated but each is also integrally related to the other two. As an object of analysis sociologists defines population as an aggregate of people in a geographical area that has size and longevity. The size has a lower limit of two and no upper maximum. Longevity varies and has a lower limit of zero with no known upper limit. Populations are by definition made up of individuals. The study of human population is termed demography. Demography studies the size and composition of a population, as well as migration and location of the population. Demographers track birth rates and death rates and monitor the population growth and try to explain them in terms of the social system\\\\\\\s development. A good example is the Malthusian theory in which population increases geometrically and the resources increase arithmetically resulting in a lack of resources resulting in famine and war. Fortunately the theory is flawed in that it does not consider social factors such as artificial contraception and the burden of large families in a post industrial society. The way a population interacts with the environment creates a social system. The social system draws on the population and affects the population. An example of this is in India where the ratio of men to women is 108 (108 males to every 100 female) while the sex ratio of most other nations is below 100. The cause for this disparity is that parents value sons more than daughters and sometimes abort a female fetus, or after birth give the daughter less care which can result in premature death. A social system is defined as two or more roles tied together by relationships of interdependence. A role is a patterned repetitive set of behaviors. An example of a role is an occupation. There are various categories of social systems like formal organizations that have goals in mind and attempt to achieve them (ex: nations) or like informal organizations that are less goal oriented as in a community or a family. Human communities provide social systems that serve the function of providing the daily requirements of life to a population. Social systems have four basic types of roles; production of goods and services, distribution of the goods and services, recruitment and training of new members, and control functions. Population affects the roles of the social system. An example of this would be if the birth rate increased then there would be a greater need to train these new people and the recruitment and training role would be affected. The training of an individual to become one of the group is termed socialization and is carried out

S Friends Vinny And Strain Theory essay help services: essay help services


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For this assignment I chose to watch the movie �summer of Sam’. As I watched the movie I specifically tried to analyze the serial killer using a sociological perspective. The plot of the movie is as follows; the major focus of this movie was a serial killer known as the �son of Sam’ who had already killed 6 times. Every one of his victims were young women with brown hair who were murdered at night in the streets of a quiet Italian neighborhood. The setting of this movie takes place in an Italian neighborhood in New York in 1977. Then there was Joey and his friends who are all a bunch of thugs who worked for the local mob boss Don. The mob is positive that the suspect lives near them so they try to come up with a list of possible suspects. At the top of the list appears one of Joey’s former friends named Ritchie. Richie is now a so called �punk’ who’s in a band and secretly works in a gay bar as a male stripper and prostitute. Joey’s friends Vinny and Dionna have married for 2 years, and Vinny who works as a hairdresser has been cheating on his wife with many women including her cousin. Then Vinny finally decides to be faithful to Dionna after he found him self seducing Dionna’s cousin in the same place that Sam murdered 2 victims the next day. Unluckily his wife finds out about his infidelities and leaves him and he therefore turns to drugs and alcohol and guides Joey and his friends to Ritchie who denies being the son of Sam. The sociological perspective that I sought out in this movie was that of deviance seen through the serial killer. Deviance as we learned is the recognized violation of cultural norms. The strain theory proposes that the primary source of his motivation to commit a crime lies in society and not in the criminal. The Strain theory also suggests that individuals may take illegitimate means in order to means in order to achieve a legitimate goal.

Social Institutions And Detailed Course Offerings college essay help free

Sociological Problems

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Glossary Search Course Descriptions UW Bothell Course Descriptions UW Tacoma Course Descriptions



Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for

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To see the detailed Instructor Class Description, click on the underlined instructor name following the course description.

SOC 110 Survey of Sociology (5) I&S

Human interaction, social institutions, social stratification, socialization, deviance, social control, social and cultural change. Course content may vary, depending upon instructor. Offered: AWSpS.

Instructor Course Description: Katherine W. Stovel

SOC 111 American Society (5) I&S

Explores the power of social structures using examples drawn primarily from the American culture. The impact of social institutions, the emergence of concrete patterns of social relations which organize and regulate social life and the inequality inherent in most social structures.

SOC 177 The Jewish Community in the United States: Success, Influence, and Prospects (5) I&S Burstein

Examines relationship between American society and its ethnic/religious groups through study of the American Jewish community. Focuses on economic success; challenges to religious traditions; relationships between American and Jewish cultures; and impact of Jewish ideas and organizations on American politics. Offered: jointly with SISJE 177; S.

SOC 195 Study Abroad: Sociology (2-5, max. 10) I&S

Lower-division sociology courses for which there are no direct University of Washington equivalents, taken through a University of Washington study abroad program.

SOC 212 Evolution and Revolution: An Introduction to the Study of Comparative Social Change (5) I&S Chirot, Hirschman

Examines the major aspects of human societies, including political and economic systems, family structure, social stratification, and demographic patters as influenced by environmental conditions, technology, cultural traditions, and legacies of prior history and relationships to other societies. Not open for credit to students who have taken SOC 112

SOC 220 Introduction to Sociological Methods (5) I&S, QSR

Familiarizes students with the logic of analysis in social sciences. Students learn to recognize good research design, understand and interpret main arguments employing different methods, and evaluate whether research findings support stated conclusions.

Instructor Course Description: Samuel J Clark

SOC 222 Sociology of Sport (5) I&S Weis

Introduction to the sociological analysis of sport. Issues discussed include the history, definition, and functions of sport; role of sport in the socialization of children; the relationship between sport and values; athletics within the social organization of education; deviance, crime, and violence in sport; the business and economics of sport.

Instructor Course Description: Sean J Cunningham

SOC 240 Introduction to Social Psychology: Perspectives on Individual Behavior (5) I&S

Major theoretical perspectives on individual behavior in social settings. Social cognition, behaviorism, symbolic interaction, and attitudes. Ways people develop as social beings. Traditional lecture format is not used in this course. Student learning is based on individualized programs of reading and frequent tests of student comprehension. Offered: AWSp.

Instructor Course Description: Christopher J. Lyons

SOC 241 Introduction to Social Psychology: Perspectives on Social Interaction (5) I&S

Major perspectives on social interaction. Social exchange, cooperation and competition, group dynamics, social influence, leadership, altruism and aggression. Situational and personal variables that determine social interaction. Traditional lecture format is not used in this course. Student learning is based on individualized programs of reading and frequent tests of student comprehension. Offered: AWSp.

SOC 246 Sects and Violence: Cults, Religious Innovation, and Social Conflict (5) I&S

Examines controversial religious groups often called cults. Use sociological lenses to examine cults occasionally catastrophic conflicts with government authorities, established religious organizations, and anti-cult movements.

SOC 247 Contemporary Social Movements (5) I&S Minkoff

Introduction to theory and research on national-level collective mobilizations organized for political change. Emphasis on how political, organizational, and cultural factors shape social movement emergence and development, and individual participation.

SOC 260 African American Family (5) I&S Scott

Explores the structures and functioning of various types of black families. Single-parent families, two-parent families, extended families, and consensual families are explored. Their consequences for male/female relationships are linked and critiqued. Offered: jointly with AFRAM 260.

SOC 261 The African-American Experience Through Literature (5) I&S/VLPA Scott

Instructs students in hermeneutical and sociological methods of analyses. Analyzes selected novels, essays, poems, short stories, and plays with the purpose of understanding the structures and functions of both society and personality. Offered: jointly with AFRAM 261.

SOC 265 Globalization and the Transformation Economy and Society in Asia (5) I&S Hamilton

Examines the rapid and extensive social and economic development throughout Asia since the mid-20th century; the corresponding retail revolution in the American economy; the evolution of characteristic Asian product categories; and the impact of these developments on the social and economic

Ken Levi And Author Ken Levi rice supplement essay help

Sociology – Ken Levi – Becoming a Hitman

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Jenna FellowsHelene LawsonSociology31 January 2018Research Question: The author Ken Levi decided to do this research because he wanted to look more into people’s deviant desires and figure out how people could kill someone for money and not feel bad about it. How could they view themselves after it?  Do they think that what they are doing is okay?  The question that the author asks “How does such an individual manage to overcome his inhibitions and avoid serious damage to his self-image?” So, what the author is asking is how can a person can just cold bloodedly kill someone for money when they know it is wrong and feel like a normal human?  We all have deviances like the hitman.  Although our deviances might be stealing something or telling a lie we have to live with ourselves just like the hitman.Theoretical Perspectives:Levi uses different views such as historical materialism, idealism, and positivism (exchange theory). Historical Materialism: Historical materialism falls under the realism category. It is the structure of social relations that is explained by patterns of relationships. This view always includes the subject of an alienated worker separated from society by stigma (shame). The hitman would fall under the category of an alienated worker. He works on his own and is separated from all parts of society because he knows what he is doing is wrong and that society doesn’t support what he is doing.Idealism: Idealism says that the world is created by the human mind. It is a qualitative method of studying sociology, which studies what people think and how they behave. Idealism relies on interviews and participant observation as the basis for its conclusions. The author wrote this article based of an interview with a former hitman who is in jail. This article is centered around the hitman, how the hitman thinks, how he acts, and most importantly, how he does what he does. The interviews throughout the article discuss the hitman’s feelings about what he is doing, how he views himself, his first experience, and the planning of his kills.   Positivism (Exchange Theory): The exchange theory is when people make decisions depending on the rewards they will receive in exchange for the price they must pay. The hitman agreed to be interviewed in exchange for his anonymity, which meant his name will not be used, and he will have a private conference room, and a signed contract promising his anonymity (89).  This article is all about a hitman. A hitman is a person who is paid to kill someone for money. This article is a perfect example of exchange theory because the hitman is getting money for killing someone the hitman’s boss requested. Most hitmen work for a criminal or political organization, so it’s like their job. Author and Method of ResearchThe author of this article is Kenneth Levi. Levi worked at the University of Texas at San Antonio. He had a very easy grading system. In the article it says, “he sued the university and several officials, invoking Sec. 1983 and asserting that the university had denied him procedural due process and equal protection of the laws in its tenure decision and had conspired to silence the dissent of faculty members who had favored his candidacy.”  Ken Levi was also a tenure track assistant professor of sociology at the University of Texas at San Antonio.  The University of Texas of San Antonio is an institution that at the end of their sixth year of employment, tenure-track professors must be awarded tenure or be given a terminal contract.

During Dr. Levi’s sixth year the University’s tenure-evaluation process began with the review of his qualifications by a Division Faculty Review Committee.  This committee consisted of all tenured faculty members of Dr. Levi who had not been trained in the discipline of sociology.The author conducted his research for the article by actually interviewing a hit man.  The interviews were spread out over seven, tape recorded sessions over a four-month period.  The hit man that was interviewed was chosen at random from 50 prisoners who had been convicted of murder.  The hit man told Levi about an “accidental” killing, involving a drunken bar patron who kept bothering him and finally the hit man pulled a knife on him.  In court, he claimed that it was self-defense.  During the first two interview sessions, the hit man admitted that he was ashamed of his killing because of its “sloppiness” or “amateurishness.”  He then indicated that he had more to say.  When Levi stopped the tape recorder he asked the man if he was a hit man and he responded with yes.  Levi had given the man certain guarantees like no names during the interview, a private conference room, and a signed contract.  They both agreed to talk about the hit man in the third person, with his name being Pete so nothing he was saying would sound like a personal confession.  Since no names were used Levi had no way of comparing his account of his career with information from other convicted murders.The author only interviewed one person because hit men are hard to come by because hit men usually take infinite care to conceal their identity.  Therefor you can see why this paper has only one case to report on.  Pete’s account was compared to similar accounts from available literature.  While such a method can never produce verified findings, it can point to suggestive hypothesis.  Focus of ReadingThe article focuses on how the hitman killed and he never got caught. Pete also talks about his first experience and how it was a negative one, the heart of a hit man and reframing the hit.  The hit man explains that during his first negative experience he made a big mistake.  He looked into the eyes of the victim and saw an innocent man not an enemy.  He saw a look of “why me?” on the victim’s face.  This image made the hit man sick every time he thought about it.

Invention Of The Internet And Major Issue assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney

Sociological Imagination

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C. Wright Mills developed the idea of sociological imagination. Sociological Imagination is a concept that talks about the connection between larger social groups and an individuals own personal life. There are two fundamental concepts that go along with sociological imagination: first concept is troubles, which deals with personal matters of an individual, and the second concept is issues, which deals with the public matters of an entire society.

A major issue that influenced the people in my generation was the invention of the Internet. The Internet influenced so many people because of the easy access to so much information. There are many positives and negatives to the Internet. The Internet may cause some people to have less social contact with people that are geographically close to them, but it allows people to be “close” to people that are far away. The Internet allows someone who may have moved for a job, school, or other reason stay in close contact with the people they left behind. Because of the internet people are able to choose who they want to be social with instead of being forced to have contact with people they may not feel connected to. Also, it gives people the access to just about any information that they could possibly need without leaving the privacy of there own home. But even though there are many positives of the Internet there are also many negatives that can cause serious problems in society. For example, many times children are exposed to such things as pornographic sites and pedophiles that pretend to be younger than what they really are and try to meet up with the child. Another negative is the possibility of hackers stealing personal information like credit card numbers and social security numbers so they could use them for there own personal needs. And it also can prevent children and teenagers from being more social with someone face to face, they may think they are being social by chatting online

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Sociology And Family Units

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During this assessment I will discuss sociology and there findings on change in family units.

Sociology may be defined as the study of human society and human social behaviour. Sociology is a way of thinking about society and social behaviour that goes beyond common-sense understanding. In sociology, common sense refers to ideas about the world which may be widely held by people in a particular society. Sociological knowledge, however, has greater validity than most forms of commonsense knowledge because it has been tested through some form of observation. In simple terms, sociologists try to base their statements about human behaviour on evidence rather than simple assumption. Sociology understanding is supported by evidence and seeks to be systematic and objective.

When we talk about the sociological perspective, we are talking about the particular way that sociologists, as opposed to non-sociologists, try to understand human social behaviour.

Not all sociologists look at the social world from exactly the same perspective or viewpoint. However, it is possible, to identify a number of common ideas which most, if not all, sociologists believe.

Sociology can be known as the systematic study of human societies which gives particular importance to modern, industrialized systems. The practice of sociology involves a number of varied abilities. It is necessary that one has the ability to think imaginatively and isolate oneself from personalized ideas about social life.

In the past many comprehensive changes that have come about were unsolved. Sociology was created on the attempt to understand the changes in our societies over the past two or three centuries. Changes included not only those of large scale but those concerned with change in the close and personal characteristics of people’s lives (Giddens 2006).

To establish what sociology is, it is important to look at the classical founders of sociology. Throughout the mid-nineteenth century Auguste Comte (1798-1857) and Karl Marx (1818-83) established some of the basic issues of sociology. These were later expanded by Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) and Max Weber (1864-1920).

The term �sociology’ was first introduced by Comte, who wanted it to be a scientific discipline i.e. concerned only with �observable entities that are known directly to experience’, an idea now better none as the term �positivism’ (Giddens 2006). For Comte, sociology was the scientific study of society, which seeks to provide understanding of it so as to promote changes.

He believed that by applying the methods and assumptions of the natural sciences, it could be shown that human behaviour was governed by the same �invariable laws’ or principles of cause and effect (Giddens 2006).

Although Durkheim continued this he went further with the emphasis on social facts and the application of natural science methods to social inquiry. Durkheim sees the threat to social consistency caused by the growing complexity of division labour and the �anomie’ (Giddens 2006 p.14) which individuals experience as a result.

Unlike Comte and Durkheim, Marx also sought to explain the changes that were taking place in society during the Industrial Revolution but had different concepts. Capitalism and the separation of society into capital owners and wage labourers were Marx’s main focus. Two groups whose interests were in conflict in itself.

Weber’s work can be seen as in debate with Marx but with greater emphasis on the role of ideas and beliefs in social change and less reliance on the power of class conflict.

We have seen that although sociologists generally agree about a number of basic aspects of human behaviour they do not all agree about how society is defined or how it can be studied?

Sociological study has highlighted the extent of regularities in social behaviour, which is often predictable. It is argued that while we might think of ourselves as individuals who always make our own decisions and do what we want, in many ways we are actually �controlled’ by society. In other words, the idea of individual choice and free will is not all it seems to be.

We have seen that Sociology is the study of human social behaviour. More accurately, we can characterise it as the study of the way people behave in groups; in basic terms, how the fact of belonging to a group affects our behaviour.

There are various types of social group that we can define which include groups such as: a family group, an educational or even work group. I will focus on family group.

A household is where a group of people live together in the same accommodation. While most families live in households, not all households correspond to a family unit.

So what do we mean by family unit? We are all familiar with the concept of �the family’ but our understanding of the family is influenced by our personal experience of family life. We are also influenced by the way family is represented in the media and institutions such as the government, schools and the church.

If asked to provide a definition of �the family’ we may find it hard. The idea of �the family’ can be seen as highly controversial and full of ambiguities and contradictions. So is it right to use the term family as if it is one unit? Diana Gittins (1993) argues that it is �more appropriate to speak of �families’ rather than �the family’. She felt that referring to �families’ highlight the diversity of family forms (Giddens 2006 p.208).

I feel Sweeney’s consideration of family diversity is significant as she states �Diversity of family life is as evident in Scotland as elsewhere in the United Kingdom, and as Social Trends…confirms, compared to previous times, people today tend to live in a greater variety of household types (Sweeney 2003 p149). She continues by discussing why �marriage, cohabitation, separation or divorce, the creation of second or subsequent families, the increasing number of people choosing to live alone and the relaxation of social conventions or �rules’ (Sweeney 2003 p149) have all played a part in the extended variety of family structure.

One can relate to Sweeney’s statement as most young people I work with come from very different family units. For social workers it is important that

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Life Coach Essay

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Hi Tyler, please allow me to introduce myself, I am Percy Covington and I am here to explain to you about life coaching/sponsor from active addiction. I like to share with you about my experience as a life coach/sponsor. I coach, plain and simple, and the results achieved by those I have worked with indicate a high success rate. I am not a therapist or addiction counselor, I am a recovered addict professionally trained and experienced in coaching success. I am an active member of a 12 step fellowship and have been for years. I work the steps as best I can on a daily basis and incorporate the steps into my coaching practice.

Timing is an essential part of learning how to stay clean one day at a time. So Tyler what do you think? Are you will to stop using lose the desire and find a new way to live? Well if you ansawer is yes, then you are well on your way

Everyone who has ever lived with an active addiction to any drug or alcohol is at risk of relapse. Trigger types and the number of repetitions of that trigger before relapse varies from person to person, but everyone has a threshold of tolerance and many people cross it at some point in their drug or alcohol recovery.

Q: How does addiction coaching fit in with what addiction professionals already know?

A: Addiction coaching provides recovery support after acute addiction treatment.

Most addiction professionals are trained to work with acute episodes of addiction in a treatment setting such as a drug rehab center. But as public funding and private money for treatment dries up, all the talk is about recovery support. We know that support must go beyond stabilization of drug or alcohol use and we now know that abstinence is not enough.

People want rewarding lives in recovery. That is where addiction coaches can help. We help make recovery worth it by enhancing lives. Good addiction coaching teaches you to co-create so that you can live better. Addiction coaching should also be 1 on 1, be client focused.

Social Psychology And Social Livingauthors college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

Sociology and Social Living

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WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY-PHILIPPINESCabanatuan CityGraduate SchoolSS 111: Social Psychology and PhilosophyREQUIREMENT NUMBER 1: A BOOK REVIEWTitle of the Book: Sociology and Social LivingAuthors: Ceferino A. Zaide Jr., Ana Maria R. Peralta, Marlene Ligan, Lucila L. Salcedo, Adelaida A. RonquilloEditor: Soccoro C. EspirituSubmitted to: Clarafe A. Gonzales, Ph. D.        INTRODUCTIONSociological thinking started in the days of the sages and the social philosophers of antiquity. These wise men speculated, observed and made conclusions on the social phenomena of their time. As time went on, systematic sociology appeared on the scene as a scientific discipline.Social psychology is the scientific study of how people’s thought, feelings, and behaviours are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. The terms thoughts, feelings and behaviours include all of the psychological variables that are measurable in human being. The reference to imagined or implied others suggests that we are prone to social influence even when no other people are present, such as when watching television, or following internalized cultural norms.The study of attitudes and behaviours are core topics in social psychology. Attitudes are involved in virtually every other area of the discipline, including conformity, interpersonal attraction, social perception and prejudice. Social behaviour is understood to be the product of innate biological factors resulting from evolution and cultural factors that have emerged in the course of history. Early writers (e.g. William McDougall, a psychologist) emphasized instinctive roots of social behaviour. Later research and writing that tended to stress learning theory emphasized the influence of environmental factors in social behaviour.

REVIEWSociology and Social Living has undergone several periodic revisions in the course of time. This is the fourth edition of the textbook. It was first written in 1957, revised in 1960 and in 1969.The book aims at providing a general understanding of society, thereby giving the reader significant insights into the processes and problems of society which will help him to adjust himself to social changes and thus live in harmony with his fellowmen.The content of the book is divided into four major parts: (I) Social Foundations, (2) Social Organizations, (3) the Major Social Institutions and (4) Human Ecology and is being divided into eighteen chapters: (1) the Meaning and Scope of Sociology, (2) The Nature of Culture, (3) Social groups, (4) Patterns of Social Interactions, (5) Collective Behaviour, (6) Social stratification, (7) Race and Ethnic Minorities, (8) Philippine Cultural Values, (9) Marriage and the Family, (10) The Filipino Family, (11) Family Planning, (12) Religion and Society, (13) Demography and Population Education, (14) Economic Systems and Social Behaviour, (15) Political Organization  an Social Behaviour, (16) Society and Education, (17) The Rural Community, (18) The Urban Community.

Michael Oher’S Life And Help Of The Tuohy Family essay help fairfax

Sociological Perspective of the Blind Side

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Dela Appeah13 May 2014Jonathan CoxSOCY 105Sociological Perspective of the Blind Side         Social problems within our society continue to arise. In an ideal world, it is appropriate to say that as individuals we all wish to live life in peace. Unfortunately, getting a whole nation to come to a consensus is nearly impossible. Social problems are controversial societal or behavioral related issues, which can affect the environment, people and social institutions (Leon-Guerrero 2013). These social problems can range from global concerns to racial issues such as discrimination and through our sociological imagination we are able to differentiate problems using our own discretion (Leon-Guerrero 2013). Choosing a movie to analyze from a sociological perspective was an interesting experience because you become aware of the many social problems that were always there and never paid attention to.  The movie “The Blind Side” is a great example, which highlights the three main social problems that will be analyzed and interwoven in this paper: social class and poverty, education, and alcohol and drug abuse.         “The Blind Side” is based on a true story, outlining Michael Oher’s life from an impoverished child to a successful athlete with the help of the Tuohy Family. The Tuohy family took Michael in and ended up adopting him. Michael came from a broken home, growing up in the inner city of Memphis, Tennessee with a mother who was a drug addict and an absentee father.  After running away from several foster homes, Michael was fortunate enough to be accepted into a Wingate Christian school (WCS), which was a private school. The football coach needed more players and saw Michael as an asset. While enrolled at this private school the Tuohy family saw Michael in need of help and his life began to progress from there (Hancock, The Blind Side 2009). Throughout Michael’s life he struggles with poverty, being homeless and being taken in by the Tuohy family who was fairly wealthy upper class family, which relates to social class and poverty. Prior to Michael attending WCS, he was attending schools that provided him with “a very poor quality of education,” and this could have been due to him being of a lower class (Hancock, The Blind Side 2009). His mother was a drug addict unable to care for her kids leaving which left Michael homeless because he kept running away from the foster homes.         When thinking of social problems many can agree that many problems arise because of inequality. Not only in the United States but globally people are ranked and categorized based on their wealth, which is “the assets owned by a household”  (Leon -Guerrero,2013, p.37). This goes beyond receiving a good education and having a good paying job. Though one may earn their income by having a successful career, wealth is sometimes passed down by generations. The individuals in this category live a fairly comfortable life “passing class status along to their children” (Leon-Guerrero,2013, p.39).  Sean Tuohy is a businessman who owns several taco bell companies; he has the ideal family, a wife and two children. They are upper class and their wealth is evident through their material possessions, the Tuohy family lives a lavish lifestyle apparent by the size of their house and the kind of cars they drive. Sociologically, this can be classified as a privilege, being that Sean Tuohy is a businessman it grants his children a better advantage over those with lower economic status because of their fathers ranking in society.  Comparing the Tuohys household to that of Michaels, Michael was from a less fortunate neighborhood and one can notice by the appearance of the run down houses and it was a predominantly black neighborhood with a high crime rate. In Michaels circumstance, having an absent father and a mother addicted to drugs unable to care for him, makes him fall under absolute poverty.  This means that he was unable to provide for himself, he was homeless without a job and this was because he continuously ran away (Leon-Guerrero 2013).

The poor are commonly known as “racial and ethnic minorities in certain geographic locations with households ran by single mothers” (Leon-Guerrero,2013, p.39). Focusing on single mothers from a feminist perspective, women are portrayed differently in the media as abusing the help that they are receiving from the government. According to Gilens, in the book social problem, media is responsible for creating an image of minorities, more specifically black people, being in poverty. During the civil rights era there was a “racialization of poverty.” This meant that when media wanted “heightened sympathy for the poor, it more than likely included those who were white and of a higher class. On the other hand blacks where depicted to be unproductive and abusive to their welfare, and they were mainly seen on topics that related to poverty (Gilens, p.52).  It is interesting to see how the media, more specifically the news outlets can skew information depending on what they want the viewers to know.  Michaels mother was a single mother who could not care for her children, though it does not seem that she was getting any help for herself or her family she was eligible to qualify for federal programs. Since they fall under the poverty they could have had health care under Medicaid as well as food stamps had Michaels mother been determined to make a living for them (Leon- Guerrero 2013). Many of the male characters in the movie who were living in the inner city along with Michael did not seem to have father figures in their lives. As single mothers and being in the inner city (lower class) makes it hard to find a job that can get these women out of poverty in order to support their families. Circumstances such as these can consequently lead to the use of drugs and alcohol, as it did for Michaels mother.        Michaels biological mother was a drug addict, which means that she was “psychologically dependent on drugs or medication”(Leon-Guerrero, 2013, p. 317).  His mother was a single parent who had twelve children. She most likely was faced with a lot of pressure and had nobody to turn to. We must take into consideration where she lives; people doing the same thing surround her. This may be different if she was of higher social status and not living under the poverty line. The interactionist perspective suggests the theory of differential association, when you are constantly around someone you start to do some of the same actions as them (Leon-Guerrero 2013). I would have to agree with the interactionist perspective; if there are certain norms within a society people will end up conforming. In “The Blind Side” Michael explains that when he was younger his mother would tell him to close his eyes when all the bad things will happen, including her drug and alcohol intake (Hancock, The Blind Side 2009). This goes to show that she did not want to be a bad influence on her son, but she did not know how to stop herself at the same time. Michaels mother had many drug charges   The male figures that Michael grew up with all engaged in drinking which we see when Michael is offered a drink after stopping by one of his friends house. I wondered if he had ever consumed alcohol prior to going into his friends’ house, or if he just did it to fit in because everyone else was doing it.

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Sociological Perspective Essay

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John Kilroy Professor WoodsSOC-2010-012-15-18Stratification ChicagoIllinoisU.S.Population2,704,95812,802,023325,719,178% of Adults with Bachelors Degree36.50.90.30%Median Household Income$50,434 $59.20 $55,322 Owner Occupied Housing Unit Rate44.10.00.60%% Of Persons Under 1823.10.90.80%% Of Persons Over 6510.30.60.20%% Living Below Poverty Line21.70.00.70%        1.While conducting research on Chicago, Illinois, and the United States about its stratification, there were some questions that were particularly concentrated on. The first being the population of each portion of land, which was had the obvious result of exponentially increasing as it went on from hometown, state, and then finally the United States as the whole. Second, the percentage of adults with a bachelor’s degree showed that Chicago at thirty-six and half percent, has almost nearly a seven percent increase compared to the United States, while Illinois is only about three percent below Chicago. Third, the median household Income came to a surprise to me. Chicago Falling short of both Illinois and the United States with the median income of $50,434. However, Illinois as a whole displays a much higher median income, reaching almost $60,000 and the United States right in between at $55,322. Fourth, the owner-occupied housing rate results were also sort of shocking. Living it Chicago you notice a lot of houses, huge apartment building, and condominiums, and because of all that around you, it gives you the perception that there is a lot of people in the city, but it doesn’t make you realize how many of those houses, apartments, and condos are actually being used. With Chicago coming out to forty-four percent, being below the state and the U.S. over twenty percent makes me wonder why Chicago continues to build so much. Fifth, the percent of people under eighteen in all three categories came out to be around the same at about twenty three percent. Sixth, the percent of people over sixty-five seemed low for Chicago at ten percent, but made sense after considering the big the city and frigid cold winters. While Illinois and the U.S. are once again side by side at just about fifteen percent. Seventh, the percent living below poverty line is much higher in Chicago than Illinois and the United states. I expect this problem is because of the cost of living and the masses of people that are within a big city. Illinois and the U.S have a more positive outlook on poverty with percentages coming out to thirteen percent.

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Cola Wars

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There has been a war going on for a hundred years against pepsi and coke. A battle to be the number one soft drink company all across the globe. It is labeled as “The Cola Wars” and has been in effect since the early 1900s. The beverage industry in the U.S. is all controlled by top two competitors, Coca-Cola being #1 and Pepsi #2. United States Beverage industry statistics shows the American consumer drinking soft drinks more than anything else in the market including water, and the numbers in gallons increase every year. From the looks of the statistics chart, soda is Americas number one addiction falling in front off coffee and alcoholic beverages. The evolution of the soft drink has come a long ways from being developed in a lab to being manufactured in a factory.

The production and distribution process consists of four parts concentrate producers,bottlers, retail channels, and suppliers. The concentrate producer is where the drink is manufactured at and the ingredients is mixed and stored in containers. It is then purchased and shipped off to the bottlers where they would can or bottle the drink. The bottlers is the last process before distribution. The bottlers would add the finishing touches into the drink, and was considered the most important part because it relied on ones quality before shipment. The bottlers would be the boss of all advertising, packaging, and selling decisions. The retail channels is where the finished product where be shipped of to for availability for consumers. Distribution statistics in the late nineties shows 40% of food stores, 17% of fountain outlets, 14% of convenience stores, 8% of vending machines, and 21% to other outlets (drug stores, retail warehouses, etc). Thats more than five channels for distributing. Being that food stores bought the most packaged drinks, fountain drink sales were very profitable for restaurants and were prominently ran by Coca-Cola.

The Coca-Cola company started out as an insignificant one man business and over the last one hundred and ten years and it has grown into the number one beverage company in the world. Consolidating with The first operator of the company was Dr. John Pemberton and the current operator is Roberto Goizueta. Without societies help, Coca-Cola could not have become over a 50 billion dollar business. Coca-Cola was invented by Dr. John Pemberton, an Atlanta pharmacist. He concocted the formula in a three legged brass kettle in his backyard on May 8, 1886. He mixed a combination of lime, cinnamon, coca leaves, and the seeds of a Brazilian shrub to make the fabulous beverage. Coca-Cola debuted in Atlantas largest pharmacy, Jacobs Pharmacy, as a five cent non-carbonated beverage. Later on, the carbonated water was added to the syrup to make the beverage that we know today as Coca-Cola.

Coca-Cola was originally used as an medicine for mental or physical disorders. Coca-Cola was named by Frank Robinson, one of Pembertons close friends, he also penned the famous Coca-Cola logo in a unique skirt bottle shape which is the face of todays soda pop. Coca-Cola was sold after the Prohibition Era to Ernest Woodruff for 25 million dollars. He gave Coca-Cola to his son, Robert Woodruff, who would be president for six decades. Robert Woodruff was an influential man in Atlanta because of his contributions to area colleges, universities, businesses and organizations. When he made a contribution, he would never leave his name, later to be known as “Mr. Anonymous.” Woodruff introduced the six bottle carton in 1923. He also made Coca-Cola available through vending machine in 1929, that same year, the Coca- Cola bell glass was made available. He started advertising on the radio in the 1930s and on the television in 1950. Currently Coca-Cola is advertised on over five hundred TV channels around the world. In 1931, he introduced the Coke Santa as a Christmas promotion and it caught on. Candler also introduced the twelve ounce Coke can in 1960. The Coca-Cola contour bottle was patented in 1977. The two liter bottle was introduced in 1978, the same year the company also introduced plastic bottles.

Coca-Cola is worth more than 58 billion dollars on the stock market. For more than 65 years, Coca-Cola has been a sponsor of the Olympics. The 1996 Summer Olympics were held in Atlanta, Georgia, the home of Coca-Cola. One great thing that the Coca-Cola company has is helping the people of Atlanta. They accomplish this through scholarships, hotlines, donations and contributions, etc. Another large accomplishment that the Coca-Cola has, is being the first company to make and use recycled plastic bottles. One way to see all of the achievements of the Coca-Cola company is to visit the World of Coke in Atlanta. It houses a collection of memorabilia, samples of the products, exhibits, and other exciting items. All of what has been said is the basis of what Coca-Cola was built on. Not to mention its merging agreements with restaurants like Wendys and Burger King battling against Pepsis front pizza Hut, Taco bell, and Kentucky Fried Chicken. Without societies help, Coca-Cola could not have become over a 50 billion dollar business. Keep on consuming the worlds favorite soft drink, Coca-Cola.

Pepsi on the other hand is considered one of the worlds favorite also developed in the lab in North Carolina by Caleb Bradham but lead in second place as far as business related. Pepsi is the second largest brand in food and beverages manufacturer’s industry after nestle. Pepsi is a house of brand for almost 45 brands of which 17 are big name brands, which generate sales of more than $1billion. Pepsi has always been ahead of its competition in terms of Return on Investment since 2003 and onwards when it started moving ahead to be on the top in this regard for S&P 500(standard and Poor, a rating company) 500 and S&P industry average. Pepsi owns a good place in snack market with the name of Frito Lay in its portfolio, which gives brands like Lays, Fritos, and Doritos etc. Pepsi has a very good standing since most of the Pepsi brands in this category holds number 1 or number 2 positions in US market which is the largest domain of Pepsi marketplace. Coca Cola does not have any position in this category. Pepsi has a very strong market position in beverages industry such

State Actors And Nation State extended essay help biology

Clausewitz Applicability To Non-State Actors

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Clausewitz’s theories on war are still relevant today with the revisualization of non-state actors on the world scene. The purpose of this essay is to expand on the applicability of these theories in today’s modern warfare where non-state actors play a larger, more global role. The study of theory, especially translated theory, requires an open mind to determine its applicability to various and ever-changing situations. In the case of Clausewitz, many strategists do not view his theories as relevant to today’s wars involving a Nation State vs. non-state actors. This is not true. The U.S. Army Command and General Staff College teaches that the commander’s intent is the most important part of proper execution. Strategists need to look at the intent of Clausewitz and view within the contextual historic period he wrote it, to demonstrate its relevance today. For the purpose of this essay, a Nation States is a sovereign territory that combines a political and geopolitical entity with a cultural or ethnic entity that was arrived at by self-determination. Non-state actors are groups that operate beyond state control and generally include rebel opposition groups (groups with a stated incompatibly with the government, generally concerning the control of government or the control of territory), local militias and warlords. By reviewing Clausewitz’s definitions of war, his theory of “the remarkable trinity” and the historical examples of non-state actors’ involvement with Nation States in war the relevance of Clausewitz will be apparent.

Non-state actors have played a part in wars or have been an opposing force since before the time of Clausewitz. The first example of non-state actors’ involvement in a war comes from the Bible. The founding of Israel is rooted in non-state actors, led by Moses, waging an insurgency against Egypt; resulting in the formation of the first Jewish state. Since the rebirth of Israel after World War II the reverse of this has been demonstrated by numerous Islamic factions waging a war against the State; this includes the Palestinians and in current events Hezbollah, a surrogate of Iran. War is often thought of as involving one state against another but most wars throughout time have been fought between competing factions within a single state. Examples of this include Civil Wars or Wars of Revolution within a Nation State where a group organizes itself, forms a military or insurgent force and attempts to overthrow or separate from the primary Nation State. Clausewitz briefly refers to non-state actors or as he called them, “people in arms” in his book On War. He saw this as a new phenomenon of warfare that steamed from the French Revolution under Napoleon. Recognizing that Clausewitz was aware of non-state actors, his definition of war can be reviewed in the context of the time it was written.

Clausewitz’s definitions of war are suitable to both State and non-state actors. He defines war as: 1) an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will; 2) a clash between major interests, which are resolved by bloodshed – that is the only way in which it differs from other conflicts; and 3) fighting, for fighting is the only principle in the manifold activities generally designated as war. A Nation State raises a military to deter aggression or to become the implementing force of aggression against its enemies. Similarly, non-state actors create militias or guerrilla bands to inflict their will on others. This act is as much a demonstration of political or military strategy as that of a Nation State. Clausewitz’s definition of war, as it pertains to Nation States, is applicable to non-state actors. Examples of the relationship between non-state actors and Clausewitz’s definition of war include: 1) Non-state actors often use force, insurgencies, to attempt to compel a legitimate Nation State into conforming to their will; such as Texas’s success from Spain. 2) Most clashes involve a fundamental difference that results in conflict and bloodshed; such as the Moro Rebellion in the Philippines following the Philippine-American War. Finally, 3) conflicts involving non-state actors involve some type of fighting or hostilities to gain the required end-state of the movement; such as the French revolution. In modern history, the trend in warfare is sharply moving away from the inter-state conflict and more toward wars of identity, as well as reengaging historic wrongs and not about difference between Nation States. War in not changing, it has been wrapped into globalization and become more visual than ever before in history. Another factor in the increase in non-state actor conflicts is the decline in “super powers” resulting in a belligerent scramble by communities to seize their historic opportunity to achieve the sovereign homeland that they feel they deserve. Not only does Clausewitz’s definition of war apply to non-state actors but also so does “the remarkable trinity.”

Clausewitz’s trinity, which summarizes the environment in which war and strategy are made, applies to conflicts involving non-state actors. Before examining how this trinity applies to non-state actors, we must first understand it. The common explanation of the trinity as presented during the Command and General Staff College history lessons describes it as a relationship between

Code Of Hammurabi And Clay Tablets summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help

Code Of Hammurabi

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In his position as King of Babylonia, Hammurabi managed to

organize the worlds first code of laws and establish Babylon as the

dominant and successful Amorite city of its time. “Records written on

clay tablets show that Hammurabi was a very capable administrator and

a successful warrior. His rule spanned from 1792 B.C. to 1750 B.C.

When he became king in 1792, he was still young, but had already

become entrusted with many official duties in his administration”

(Grolier). In the early years of his reign, Hammurabi mostly

participated in traditional activities, such as repairing buildings,

digging canals, and fighting wars. Yet later in his rule, Hammurabi

organized a unique code of laws, the first of its kind, therefore

making himself one of the worlds most influential leaders.

Hammurabi was primarily influential to the world because of his

code of laws. This code consisted of 282 provisions, systematically

arranged under a variety of subjects. He sorted his laws into groups

such as family, labor, personal property, real estate, trade, and

business. This was the first time in history that any laws had been

categorized into various sections. This format of organization was

emulated by civilizations of the future. For example, Semitic cultures

succeeding Hammurabis rule used some of the same laws that were

included in Hammurabis code. Hammurabis method of thought is evident

in present day societies which are influenced by his code. Modern

governments currently create specific laws, which are placed into

their appropriate family of similar laws. Hammurabi had his laws

recorded upon an eight foot high black stone monument. Hammurabi based

his code on principles like, the strong should not injure the weak,

and that punishment should fit the crime. As for punishment, “legal

actions were initiated under the code by written pleadings; testimony

was taken under oath. The code was severe in its penalties,

prescribing “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.””(Grolier). This

code of

North Atlantic Treaty Organization And Cold War Essay extended essay help biology

Cold War

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Andres Lacayo

Cold War Essay

The Cold War was the extended tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It started in the mid 40s after WWII had left Europe in a disaster, and Russia and the USA in superpower positions. The Cold War was a clash of these super giants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. Though military build up was great on both sides neither one ever directly fought each other.

There are many key events that happened throughout the entire duration of the Cold War. The fist main events that led up to the tension; were the foreign aid policies. These policies were able to divide up Europe between the superpowers. After Europe was divided up, treaty organizations and alliances started forming up again. One of these alliances was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as the Warsaw pact.

Though the two superpowers never engaged each other militarily, they were periodically caught up in major political crises that had the potential to become warfare. One example was the Soviet blockade on Western Berlin. The Russians threatened, and did, block off supply routes to Western Berlin. The people in the city were staving and dying from the lack of supplies. Because of this the US had to make periodic supply drops into the city. Some other examples are the Cuban missile crises, where the Russian funded Cuban military had secretly made or smuggled nuclear missiles onto the island and pointed them at the USA.

Although Russia didn’t get involved in any sort of combat the United States did. First they battled the Koreans in a dispute to take over certain spy satellites, which the Americans thought were planning attacks. The second time it was in Vietnam. North Vietnam wanted to conquer the south so they sent massive manpower and lost a lot of men, and furthermore they weren’t even successfully since they didn’t stop the North from taking over the south. But meanwhile things got very hectic since the Russians took possession of a large amount of nuclear missiles.

During almost the entire time that Russia and the USA had been fighting for power they

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Cold War

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The central reason the Cold War was started was over an ideological power struggle between atheistic communism and democratic capitalism. The principle players were the former Soviet Union (Communism) and the United States (Capitalism). The Cold War began in 1948 after Germany was divided between the western allies and the Soviets. In trying to take over West Berlin, Stalin blockaded the roads of East Germany that led to Berlin so as to starve the people into submission. The allies broke the blockade by airlifting hundreds of tons of food and supplies to the people in West Berlin. Since no actual fighting occurred, this became known as a “cold war”. The Soviets and Americans would continue to fight many cold battles in Africa and Latin America in an effort to influence the politics of these regions. The cold war turned hot in the Koreas, Vietnam, and Cuba.

In August 1949 the Soviets tested their first atomic bomb. In doing so they showed that their weaponry was on par with the United States. In June 1950, North Korea (who was supplied heavily by the Soviets) launched a massive attack on South Korea. The reason behind this attack was that North Korea wanted to unite the whole of Korea under communism. The United Nations responded to this attack by amassing a great army, led by General Douglas MacArthur of the U.S., to defend South Korea. China threatened that if the United Nations invaded North Korea they would help North Korea fight against the United Nations. When the United Nations ignored the threats and invaded North Korea, the massive Chinese army attacked the UN troops (which were mostly Americans). In April, 1951 the United Nations armed forces were able to push back the Chinese. On July 27, 1953 an armistice was signed, ending the war.

Stalin died in 1953 and Nikita Khrushchev came to power. Khrushchev desired to expand communism to the island of Cuba, only 60 miles off the coast of Florida, within easy missile range of the US capitol. After talks with Khrushchev, Fidel Castro allied Cuba with the Soviets. The US sponsored an invasion force of Cuban dissidents in an attempt to overthrow Castro. These American trained forces landed in Cubas “Bay of Pigs” but were immediately defeated. Americans were expelled in 1962 and then Soviet missile launchers were brought to Cuba. On October 14, 1962, after an American U2 spy plane discovered forty-two missile sites, President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade

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Sustanaibility Paper

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Production and consumption are two complementary activities that human beings perform daily. Most of the times, these activities require the destruction of our ecosystem because they lead to the deforestation, the air and water pollution, and extinction of species. Because the production and consumption habits of human being have direct effect on the ecosystem, it must be said that human health, animals, and plants are in danger. This paper will assess some specific examples of production and consumption habits that are related to material resources. It will also discuss efforts that must be considered about these production and consumption habits in order to sustain the global population.

Talking about production and consumption I would like to give the example of Nigeria where people shepherd cow (production) for meat or milk (production). Given that the population there increases every year like in any other countries around the world, it is obvious that the demand of such food increases as well. History reveals that farmers did not settle on poor soils where water was dangerous (Turk & Bensel, 2011). They rather settled in rich valleys. The purpose of this settlement was to produce goods that are necessary for consumption. Later, human beings became smart by inventing the way of producing food. They started destroying forests and natural environment in order to make rooms for the development and expansion. The increase of the population automatically led to the need to looking for more space for development and expansion. This trend will continue throughout history. Human population has greatly increased. Therefore, there was need to find space to build houses and to farm. This required cutting down trees which in turn will lead to what is called deforestation. This phenomenon continues till today. That is why the Earth Summit of 1997 raised the following question: “If we continue “business as usual”, will we be able to meet the needs of a growing global population–in the immediate future and for generations to come?” (Earth Summit, 1997, Para. 3).

The production habit which is to farm or build houses and roads has tremendously impacted the environment we live in. Lack of green space and global warming are some of the examples of the impacts of the human production habit on the environment. But there is more to this issue. The industrialization of most of the cities around the world creates the pollution of the environment. It is important to develop the cities. It is important to invent and introduce new technologies to meet our needs. But all this leads to damaging our environment. Since the effluents from the industries are not treated before they flow into the water that causes the pollution of the water. The sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide that are released into the atmosphere produce acid rains which cause the acidification of the crops, dangerous to human and animal consummation. The chlorofluorocarbons released from the industries also destroy the ozone layer which passes dangerous rays to the atmosphere. As noted by Slaterry (2007) the result of this is skin cancer and other diseases.

There are many

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Sociology And Disabilities

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“If the technology became available for the deaf to hear completely, would you want your deaf child to have this technology?” It is every parents dream for their child to grow up healthy and happy. There are so many children in the world that do not have the ability to hear, and it is a horrible thing. Many would think it wrong for a parent to not want to give their child the gift of sight. If I had a child that was deaf, I would do everything in my power to help them get their hearing. If the technology was there to fix this disability, why wouldnt anyone want their child to have it? “840 babies are born with a permanent hearing loss every year.”(NDCS of UK). This is a horrible number to hear, that so many children will never be able to hear. If there was any technology able to restore a childs hearing it would be a shame if the parents didnt get it. “Deaf children face tremendous difficulties learning to read, write and communicate with the hearing world around them.”(NDCS of UK). Not only would you be giving your child the gift of hearing by using this technology, but you will also help child to be able learn on the normal level of other children.

It is also true that we can change and enhance our body features through elective cosmetic surgeries. Many people choose to undergo these surgeries because they are unhappy with their appearance. I feel that these procedures are unnecessary, and that you shouldnt undergo surgery unless you need it for your health. I believe that people go through these procedures purely because they have low self-esteem. Society tells them that there is something wrong with their body, and they feel that they need to change it to fit in. I think that this is a way to see if someone is truly happy with themselves, as we all should. No one is perfect, so no one should try to be it. Its just a waste of time and money on their part all so they can fit in, which I think is pathetic. It is always a risk to undergo surgery, and there is no reason to put yourself in unnecessary risk. I think that it is ridiculous to put yourself through something like that. If I had a ten year old dark-skinned African American daughter who wanted blue contact lens, have her skin chemically lightened, and straighten her hair, I definitely say no. There is no way that going through this radical change could be beneficial to her health, and it is completely unnecessary. What good reason is there for a ten year old girl to completely hide her looks so she can appear white. Its a sad thing that society places that kind of stress on someone so young. That a young girl would go through so much to think that she must be ashamed to be African-American. There is no reason for people to make a young girl feel that bad about herself that she would want to completely and permanently change her looks in such a fashion. I would try to explain to her that there is no reason for her to be ashamed of who she is and of her background. No one should have to feel that bad and ashamed of their heritage that they would want to completely hide it that way.

Discrimination and stereotypes of the differently-abled, racial minorities, gays and lesbians (et al.), and females are not all the same, but can be quite similar. First off is the differently-abled. It is difficult for a disabled person to receive an education and a job as easily as the rest of society. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was adopted by congress in 1990 which “protects disabled persons from discrimination in employment and stipulates that employers and others (such as schools and public transportation systems) must provide reasonable accommodation for disabled persons.”(Anderson & Taylor, p531). Racial minorities also face a great deal of discrimination, and have for many years. Gays and lesbians have also recently suffered from the same stigma that the disabled, minorities, and females suffer from in the world and workplace. Gays and lesbians are not a protected group in the workplace. “Although Congress has outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, it has not yet seen fit to include sexual

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Having trust in a person is the basis to any well balanced relationship. Whether it is a relationship with a significant other, family member, or close friend trusting them is extremely important. Around this time last year, I thought I had found a trustworthy, amazing friend that was going to be in my life for many years. We shared all of our deepest secrets and thoughts about all topics of life. It was so refreshing to finally have someone that I trusted enough to talk to about my past and even the very touchy subject of my mother passing away a couple years ago. Although in the end I was wrong and he betrayed me in every way possible. Besides breaking my trust, he said many hurtful and unnecessary things to me for almost two weeks after the initial ending of our friendship. I didn’t understand how someone I loved so much could hurt me so malicious. At the time, I thought my life was over and I would never be happy again.

C. Wright Mills writes that “the first fruit of this imagination is the idea that the individual can understand his own experience and gauge his own fate only be locating himself within his period, that he can know his own chances in life only by becoming aware of those of all individuals in his circumstances.” My personal trouble can be seen as a public issue by understanding that it did not just affect my friend and me, it affected all of our other friends too. For example, if our group of friends were all hanging out, I would leave if I found out he was coming and vice versa. In a sense it made it very difficult to be friends with both of us at the same time.

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The Black Diaspora

The ABC report evaluates the mechanization of cotton farms during the early twentieth century reduced the demand for farm laborers and gave many blacks the incentive to move away from southern farms to the industrialized north. The northern cities were home to many new black communities, which created centers of uniquely African American culture.

Every person is in a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important called race. People may classify one another racially based on physical characteristics such as skin color, facial features, hair texture, and body shape. However, racism is the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another. Racism has also been widespread in the United States, where for centuries ideas about racial inferiority supported slavery. Many African Americans chose to head north when the need of farm laborers reduced. The blacks however brought ethnicity with them. Ethnicity is a shared cultural heritage. The northern cities showed the strong heritage they brought with them.

Many African Americans had many reasons for traveling north, other than the reduced need for farm laborers. One major reason is because they are a large minority. A minority is any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates. Minorities have two important characteristics. First, they share a distinct identity, which may be based on physical or cultural traits. Second, minorities experience subordination. Also, many African Americans were trying to run from prejudice southerners. Prejudice is a rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people. Prejudice is unfair because such attitudes are supported by little or no direct evidence. Many African Americans were running from these

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Coca-Cola In Panama

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Coca-Cola in Latin America

During the early decades of the 20th century the United States and Latin America conveyed the prototypical “image of imperialism” in the world. The hegemonic power of the U.S. spread itself throughout Latin American culture, paving the way for American made products to enter a new society. Much like today in Iraq, the early 20th century in Latin America also consisted of round the clock surveillance by American troops. The American interest of using the Latin Americas as allies played into an increased military presence. Specifically in Panama, these soldiers set out to oversee the Panama Canal, a result from helping the Panamanians achieve independence from Colombia. The image of “American ideals of friendliness and good neighbors” (Coca-Cola) evolved into the overall “Americanization” of the region. Specifically, the Coca-Cola Company exploited this imperialism by spreading its drink around Panama, meanwhile showing images of people having fun while drinking a Coke. Making pals in Panama was easy when both sides had a Coke in their hand, playing into the interpretation that homogenizing the region would be simple.

The image “Have a Coca-Cola=What Gives Pal?” produced by the Coca-Cola Company in 1944 portrays the image of American soldiers socializing with Panamanian commoners in the streets. What is common between these characters is they both have a Coke in their hand and a smile on their face. The overall story of this image is of the American attempt to link Coke with the idea of being the “global high-sign”. In essence the goal is to change the negative perception that is associated with U.S. and Latin American relations. Coke became a form of social equality, and with it came the vision that the Coca-Cola Company could use these positive images in many advertisement campaigns. In the U.S., Americans associated this image with pride and nationalism, while all around the globe America was being perceived as a “Good Neighbor”. As Coke became widespread, the image of negative imperialism began to fade throughout Panama.

Much like the Banana Enclaves on the Caribbean Coast of Colombia, the Panama region was inflicted with outside sources and many different culture collections. “In Cienaga in the late 1920s one could buy Vicks Vaporub, Quaker Oats, and Chevrolet cars” (Le Grand 345), all products stemming from the continuous boats of American salesmen and Montgomery Ward catalogs. On the surface it looked calm and pretty, but underneath the middle and upper classes felt a boost of income and wealth, leading to potential jobs with the United Fruit Company. As people starting traveling abroad they lost their sense of nationalism, adopting the preferred American products and customs. The Colombian region shifted due to the “Americanization” that took place, much like the farmers and workers of Panama. A product as innocent as Coca-Cola spread throughout Panama and with it the idea of a friendly America, one that would protect the region and its people.

The idea of happiness and friendship became the ultimate goals the U.S. and the Coca-Cola hoped to evoke into Latin American society. What followed was a close adaptation of American culture, ideas, and customs. People from Panama “understood and love our sports, our humor, and our everyday customs” (Coca-Cola), depicted closely in the image “Have a Coca-Cola=What Gives, Pal?” One example of American culture that spread itself throughout Panama and the rest of Latin America was the game of baseball. Along with the new products, came the idea that baseball was a fun and exciting game. The U.S. Marines who would occupy the Latin American region would play baseball with the inhabitants, leading to widespread use and adaptation. The lines of “us” and “them” seemed to become blurry when the relationship between the U.S. and Latin America was a good one.

Depicting reality in photos such as the Coca-Cola image is hard to imagine, but during this time the increased social well-being of Americans and Panamanians grew into a positive image. In the foresight was the occupation by U.S. soldiers, protecting the interests of the United States and its surrounding territories. Using Panama as a strategic post for national defense was essential during World War II, all the meanwhile trying to show that the “Good Neighbor” rhetoric was apparent. To depict this history is two prong, requiring the break down of both American domination and local opportunities. On one side, the penetration of capitalism attracted American companies such as Coca-Cola to the region. On the other side, the local people were embracing their ability to open up to international markets. Much like in the Banana Enclaves, this Americanization can be described as the spread of “capitalism in such places that created social

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Sociology 100 – Social Biases

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Michael ClarkProfessor Anna HainSociology 1002nd May 2017        “Oh, no I don’t want to sit over there next to that black man! How dare you even ask.” We all have biases. We may deny it and claim we don’t but, whether we like it or not, we all have some type of person or something a person does that makes us judge them and think differently about them. Whether it’s walking on the other side of the street from somebody that has a different skin color than you, or refusing to talk to another person because of the God they worship, we all have prejudices that make us treat people unfairly. With that in mind, it is important to recognize our own biases and confront them so we can decide if we need to work on changing ourselves, or if we like it the way we are.         For me, I have to think a little about my biases. I try to treat everybody fairly at the point of meeting them and keep an open mind. I think everybody has the capacity to be a good person and so I try to be as nice as possible until I find out if they are a good person or not. So, I have to dig a little deeper to find what exactly it is that I don’t like about certain people, because subconsciously, there is something that I am biased against.         After thinking about it, I realized that there are a few things that can affect the way I think of a person before I even talk to them. The first and foremost being people who are overweight. As I’ve said before, I am an exercise science major and I have turned into a little bit of a fitness nut. Now I realize I can’t do it all and I’m not freakishly big or ripped or even in the best shape I can possibly be, but I work hard to eat right and exercise daily so I don’t get fat and become obese, and I don’t think that’s hard! I know it can be mentally challenging to force yourself to eat healthier, and sometimes it’s difficult to find time to exercise, but get over it. If I can find ways to do both, anybody can. I work 30 hours a week and go to school full time while sporting a 3.5 GPA and I work out every day still. People also claim it’s more expensive to eat healthier, but if I’ve learned one thing from my nutrition classes, it isn’t. It can actually be cheaper to sometimes buy healthier foods rather than junk. So I think this bias simply comes from the fact that this is so easily avoidable and if those of us to stay healthy can do it, so can everybody. The United States is the fattest country in the world and there is no reason we can’t all do our best to help ourselves, and if we do that the rest of the country will follow suit. It isn’t as easy and just saying “don’t be fat,” but it isn’t hard either. Just get off your butt and do something to eat healthier and find the time to exercise.

However, I still don’t think that this bias effects the way I treat other people. As I said before, I try and keep an open mind whenever meeting new people and wait to decide how I think of them until I know what kind of person they actually are. The only thing I am guilty of because of this bias is judging people before I meet anybody, if they are overweight I do think a little less of them and I do judge them, but I don’t let that effect the way I treat them when I meet them. That is why I don’t think this bias really needs to be addressed by me. Until I begin treating people poorly before I even meet them, I won’t change anything about myself.         Speaking of obese people, the best way to not get fat and stay in shape is to not be lazy. I will freely admit that I have biases against lazy people and I don’t often try to hide it. Until the end of my junior year of high school, I worked two jobs and in the summers it wasn’t uncommon to work 70 hours in a week. Now, this coming summer, I have 3 jobs lined up and am expecting to work 50-60 a week. If a college kid like myself can find work this easily, then it shouldn’t be too hard for everybody else. I always listen to people complain about having no money and not being able to afford the things they want. Then do something about it. Pick up those extra hours. Find a second job, even if it is just weekend work. Laziness is a disease and the cure is simple, work hard for what you want. Being bias against lazy people comes from my background. I’ve had to work for everything I have. My parents put a roof over my head and food on the table but anything else I wanted, I had to earn myself. That’s why this topic really makes me upset when I talk about it. If you complain about being fat but never go the gym, whose fault is it really? Quit being lazy and do something about it. Chase your dreams, but you’re going to have to run.

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Sociological Review

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1.) JANE ADDAMS (1860 – 1935)

-In 1889, Jane Addams founded and managed a settlement house called the Hull house in Chicago.

-Wrote the following books: Newer Ideals of Peace, Peace and Bread in Time of War, Twenty Years at Hull House, The Spirit of Youth and City Streets, A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil, Democracy and Social Ethics, The Long Road of Women’s Memory.

-Was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 for her efforts.

2.) W.E.B. DuBois

-DuBois was the most prominent intellectual leader and political activist on behalf of African Americans in the first half of the twentieth century.

-In 1905, Du Bois helped to found the Niagara Movement. The Movement championed, among other things, freedom of speech and criticism, the recognition of the highest and best human training as the monopoly of no caste or race, full male suffrage, a belief in the dignity of labor, and a united effort to realize such ideals under sound leadership.

-DuBois helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.

-Du Bois wrote and published over 4,000 articles, essays and books over the course of the 95-year life.

3.) C. WRIGHT MILLS (1916 – 1962)

-Made famous the term sociological imagination.

-Along with Hans. H. Gerth, applied and popularized Max Weber theories. Also applied Karl Mannheim’s theories on the sociology of knowledge to the political thought and behavior of intellectuals.

-Wrote the following books: .The Power Elite, The Sociological Imagination, White Collar: The American Middle Class, Listen: Yankee, The Marxists.

4.) IDA B. WELLS BARNETT (1862 – 1931)

-Led an ant lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890’s.

-One of the great pioneer activists in the Civil Rights Movement.

-Co-founder of the NAACP.

-Journalist and Author of work like On Lynchings, and The Memphis Diary of Ida B. Wells.

5.) ROBERT PARK (1964 – 1944) & ERNEST BURGESS (1886 – 1966)

-Robert Park was one of the main founders of the original Chicago School of sociology.

-Robert Park was the central figure in the development of Chicago sociology. He introduced ecology to sociology.

-Robert Park was influential in developing the theory of assimilation as it pertained to immigrants in the United States.

-Ernest Burgess, along with Robert Park conceptualized the city into the concentric zones.

-Ernest Burgess in known for his research into the family as a social unit.

6.) KARL MARX (1818 – 1883)

-Best known not as a philosopher but as a revolutionary communist.

-Developed the social and economic theories that would have a major influence on sociological thought.

-Karl Marx works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century.

7.) AUGUSTE COMTE (1798 – 1857)

-French thinker who coined the term “sociology”.

-Founder of Positivism. Positivism is a philosophical system of thought maintaining that the goal of knowledge is simply to describe the phenomena experienced, not to question whether it exists or not.

-Made some of the earliest attempts to apply scientific methods to the study of social life.

8.) HARRIET MARTINEAU (1802 – 1876)

-Considered a for mother to sociology and the feminist movement.

-Author of important sociological interpretations of the early phases of capitalism and modernity which include Illustrations of Political Economy, Theory and Practice of Society in America, The Martyr Age of the United States.

-Social reformer whose writings on the plight of children and women in British factories were highly influential.

-Renowned in her day as a controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist.

9.) ALICE S. ROSSI (1922 – )

-Leading feminist scholar as a writer and editor of works on family, kinship, sex, and gender.

-Is particularly noted for her studies of personality development at all ages, what sociologists refer to as “life-course” analyses.

-One of the founders of the National Organization for Women (NOW).

-74th President of the American Sociological Association.

-Her works include: The Feminist Papers, Gender and the Life Course, and Of Human Bonding.

10.) JESSIE BERNARD (1903 – 1996)

-Provided insights into women, sex, marriage, and interaction of family and community.

-Author of influential books like American Family Behavior, Origins of American Sociology, American Community Behavior, Women, Wives, Mothers, The Female World from a Global Perspective.

11.) CHARLES DARWIN (1809 – 1882)

-Charles Darwin proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from one or a few common ancestors through the process of natural selection.

-Author of works like On the Origin of Species, The Descent of Man , and Selection in Relation to Sex, and The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals.

12.) MAX WEBER (1864 – 1920)

-Max Weber is considered one of

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Cleopatra VII: The Rise and Fall of the Last Pharaoh

The name Cleopatra has been used by lots of different Egyptian Queens, but Cleopatra VII is by far the most remembered of them all. She used her looks, seduction skills, and charm to get whatever she wanted and it worked. Cleopatra was an extremely selfish person and her only goals in life were to achieve power and wealth. These motives for living got her in lots of trouble throughout her life. By the time this last pharaoh of Egypt rose to power of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, it was crumbling down because of the Roman Empire trying to take over. Cleopatra used two of the worlds most powerful men of the Roman Empire to make sure her beloved empire was not completely taken over by Roman control and she would remain in power. She was willing to do whatever it took to make sure that her dynasty was not going to fall apart. As we take a look at her life and journey, it shows her determination to regain the power of her once strong Ptolemaic Dynasty.

In 51 B.C., Cleopatras father, Ptolemy XII, died and left the kingdom of Egypt to Cleopatra and her younger brother Ptolemy XIII in his will. At the time of her fathers death, Cleopatra was eighteen years of age and Ptolemy XIII was only twelve. The two had to get married according to Egyptian law which stated that any female ruler had to have a husband, or consort, who was either a brother or a son. Cleopatra took full advantage of the age difference between her brother/husband and herself. As soon as they were married, she had dropped Ptolemy XIII name dropped from all documents that had him being a co-ruler. She knew he was way too young to know anything about ruling a country. Cleopatra then went on to rule by herself for three years until her brother finally smartened up. Ptolemy XIII and his group of advisors began to plot a conspiracy that would have Cleopatra removed from the throne. In 48 B.C., they overthrew her from power and forced her into exile .

Cleopatra wasnt the type of queen who would let such a thing happen to her like this without her doing something about it. She decided to gather some troops to regain control of her old country. As Cleopatra was getting ready to battle against her brothers army, she received news that Julius Caesar just became the new consul of Rome. This meant that Caesar had gained control of Rome and partially of the Ptolemaic Dynasty since the Roman Empire was expanding. Cleopatra came up with a plan to meet Julius Caesar to make an alliance with him so that she can be the queen of Egypt again. To get to Caesar, she had to wrap herself inside a rug which was then smuggled into Alexandria and delivered to straight to Caesar. When Julius Caesar opened the rug, Cleopatra came out and right away used her seduction skills and charmed Caesar. That same evening, Cleopatra became his lover even though he was married. She now had a good relationship with the Roman Empire being the lover of Caesar. Caesar agreed to help Cleopatra become queen again and returns her to the throne after the death of Ptolemy XIII in the Alexandrian War. She again had to marry another sibling, this time her youngest brother Ptolemy XIV who was only eleven years old. At around the same time that she took over Egypt for the second time, she gave birth to a son Ptolemy XV, also called Little Caesar because he was the son of Julius Caesar .

In 44 B.C., on the Ides of March, Julius Caesar was assassinated outside of the Senate Building in Rome . He was assassinated in a conspiracy by his Senators. They thought that he was going to become king and ruin the city of Rome and the well-being of the republic. In Caesars will, he left nothing to Cleopatra. Caesars assassination caused a lot of disorder and a civil war in Rome. Eventually the Roman Empire was divided among three powerful men: Caesars great-nephew Octavian, Marcus Lepidus, and Marcus Antonius, who is also known as Marc Antony .

In 42 B.C., Mark Antony sent out for Cleopatra to meet him in Tarsus. Cleopatra arrived in style on a fancy boat with purple sails and silver oars. The boat was sailed by her maids, who were dressed as sea nymphs. Cleopatra herself was dressed as the goddess of love, Venus. Antony, who was a pleasure-loving man, was impressed by this, just as Cleopatra had intended. That night that she arrived, she entertained him on her boat. Like Caesar, Antony was immediately hooked by Cleopatras charm and beauty. Forgetting all about his responsibilities, he went with Cleopatra to Alexandria and spent the winter with her there. Six months later, Cleopatra gave birth to a set of twins. Their names were Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios, and the father was Marc Antony. During that time in-between, Antony married Octavians half-sister, Octavia . Together, they had two daughters, both named Antonia. In 37 BC, while on his way to invade Parthia, Antony enjoyed another date with Cleopatra. He rushed through his battle and went back to Cleopatra. From then on Alexandria was his home, and Cleopatra was in his life. He married her in 36 BC and she gave birth to another son, Ptolemy Philadelphus .

In Rome, Octavia remained loyal to Antony. She decided to visit Antony, and when she reached Athens she received a letter from him saying that he would meet her there. Cleopatra didnt want Antony to have any contact with his other wife. She did all sorts of things to try and keep him from leaving. She cried, fainted, and even starved herself and got her way. Antony eventually cancelled his trip and never saw Octavia.

The Roman people were not pleased at all by the way Antony had treated Octavia by ditching her. The worst thing of all was that in 34 BC Antony made Alexander Helios the king of Armenia, Cleopatra Selene the queen of Cyrenaica and Crete, and Ptolemy Philadelphus the king of Syria. Caesarion was known as the “King of Kings,” and Cleopatra was the “Queen of

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Comedy, a form of entertainment that keeps everyone laughing has been around for many centuries. Comedy from the past is sometimes a stupid funny like the except that we watched in class with “Harpo.” In that except the part where they all wanted to get off the boat but with no passport was my way of a stupid funny. What I thought was extremely funny was when the four of them were trying to pretend to be the lady singer and the part when the one guy collapsed and the other one played a fake doctor to get the group of four off the boat.

This is more of a stupid comedy because of the way that the characters act. This movie is similar to the TV Show called “The Three stooges.” In this show the three character acts stupidly to entertain their audience, they beat on each other just like how the four guys on the boat were. The three stooges use minor violence to extreme violence but they don’t intend to hurt anyone. The most common thing that they do is hit each other because of a misunderstanding or they say the wrong thing.

These two movies I have to say are similar and comparable because they make the audience laugh the same way. Well Harpo doesn’t even speak in his part in any movies; he just uses had motions like a mime to tell the audience what he is trying to say. Some people don’t need to speak just to be funny; they can be funny in other ways. Harpo in the same way in the TV Show “I Love Lucy” he appears on that some from time to time, and makes everyone laugh just by the way he acts.

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�The role of the Boston traders and merchants in opposing the actions of the British government and their ability to influence the colonists were the main factors behind the colonists taking up arms and declaring their independence in 1776’ To what extend do you agree?

The Boston traders and merchants opposition to the British Government were the main factors, which led the colonists to fight for their independence in 1776. The reason for this opposition is the obligation of taxes, which the British Government introduced in order to finance war debt. However, the traders saw this as an attempt by the British Government to restrict their ability to employ in free trade and practically make money. After introducing taxes, The Sugar Act, The Stamp Act, Quartering Act, and The Townshend Act, the British Government was basically asking for a war. The colonists were outraged and fought for their right and independence. The Boston Traders and merchants were most affected by the taxes, as their businesses were already at a low, with having to pay more tax eventually they would become bankrupt. Events commenced by the Boston Traders incited colonists, such as the gangs of mobs, circling the streets burning prints on paper, violence broke out. Therefore their actions gained the support of the colonists and led them to declare their independence. The British Governments instigation of the first tax act, The Sugar Act, triggered this atrocity.

The Sugar Act was a tax first established in 1733, so it was simply an old tax that had been revised in 1764. This act involved placing a tax on molasses, which the colonists used to make rum. The rum trade with Europe and in America represented big business for businessmen in the colony. The Businessmen and merchants opposed to this act, written by the governor of Rhode Island, Hopkins, as it affected them the most. The reason for the opposition is that the government would tax 6penny’s, with this the business would go bankrupt. He stated that “the higher the duty is, the less the trade will be” meaning only “1/2 a penny” should be taxed, therefore the company would be able to pay up and continue as it was reasonable making it more financially beneficial to the British Government. The businessmen and rum traders paid a great deal of their own profit/income in order to pay tax for the government. They ran riots to get rid of this tax, as it was greatly affecting their lives. .

Parliaments next response was the Stamp Act and the Quartering Act in 1765.

The Stamp act was a tax on all written material. Once the users of printed material (the people who paid the tax) paid their tax, it then would be stamped as of proof, hence the name the Stamp act. It was compulsory due to the fact that people are obliged to pay taxes for financial reasons for the Government, raise money to protect, defend and secure the colony and to reinforce soldiers and weapons. The main objection to the imposition of the Stamp Act was that if the colonists do not get a vote towards the British Government then why should they pay tax in the first place? The colonists protested against this act by going to the government and chanting “NO TAX WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!” The opposition to the Stamp Act was that it was the first internal tax, it affected everyone, but often paid most by the rich, merchants, lawyers and newspaper owners. However, these articulate members of society were then able to express their dispute to the act. Although the Stamp Act eventually was repealed in 1766, after violence from the colonists, their demands were finally answered.

The Quartering Acts purpose was for the colonial governments to contribute to the costs of the British troops stationed in their area. However it was opposed due to the fact that Britain just didn’t have the soldiers to inflict it. These acts were starting points for the initiation of the outraged public (the colonists), which eventually lead to violence.

Even after the introduction of the tax Acts, the British Parliament still needed funds. So in 1767 the Townshend Acts was established. This was not an internal tax but it was duties on trade goods that the colonists traded in, such as paint, paper lead and tea. No real objection was held against this act.

A group called the Sons of Liberty was formed (1765). The Sons of Liberty consisted of businessmen and merchants. They organized boycotts of English Goods. This gang also planned mass protests at which custom officers were at times assaulted and threatened. There protest would commonly involve roaming streets, as in Boston, the records of Vice-Admiralty Courts were burnt to ashes by a rioting mob. Along with homes of the chief custom official and head judge were intruded, smashed and looted. The group eventually caused officers to resign due to the threats from the members, to their families, properties and life. So when the Act was due to come into effect on 1st November 1765, no officers could be found to enforce it, expect for in Georgia. A member of the Sons of Liberty, Samuel Adams organized the Committees of Correspondence, which were to keep a look out for the colonists rights against any more actions of the British.

Violence began to flare up in one crucial event, known as the Boston Massacre. It was first here where the merchants incited the colonists to take arms and defend their right. The people of Boston resented the presence of the British soldiers. Groups of citizens were roaming the streets in search of casualties. On March 5th, 1770, a gang of civilians cornered a young British soldier and pelted him with stones and packed snowballs. The helpless soldier barely escaped and banged on the Customs House

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Commerce With Africa

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Africa in july 2005 is composed approximately by 887 millions people living in 54 different states.

Africa is the world’s poorest inhabited continent, and it is, poorer than it was 25 ears ago.

It has (and in some ways is still having) an uncertain transition from colonialism. The cold war has increased the corruption in Africa; it is moreover the major factors to its poor economic situation. In contrast to the rapid growth in South America, which has lifted millions beyond subsistence living, Africa has stagnated. It has even gone the wrong way in terms of foreign trade, investment, and per capita income. This poverty has widespread effects, including low life expectancy, violence, and instability in this continent. Over the decade there have been many attempts to improve the economy of Africa with very little success.

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The African history is composed in 3 parts:


In the 15th century, Portuguese traders circumvented the Saharan trade route and began to trade directly with Guinea. Other European traders followed, rapidly boosting prosperity in Western Africa. States flourished, including the Kingdom of Benin, Dahomey, and the Ashanti Confederacy. Loose federations of city states such as those of the Yoruba and Hausa were common. However, this wealth was principally based on the slave trade, which collapsed following the abolition of slavery and later European colonization.

Although Europeans were ostensibly committed to developing their colonies, colonial rulers employed a laissez-faire strategy during the first decades. It was hoped that European companies would prosper if given a secure operating environment. This only occurred in a few areas with rich resources; the colonial economies hardly grew from the 1890s through the 1920s. The colonies had to pay their own way, receiving little or no development money from Europe. Only in the 1930s, with the rise of Keynesian economics, did the colonial administrations seriously encourage development. However, new projects could not transpire until after the Great Depression and the Second World War.

After Second World War

African economies boomed during the 1950s as growth and international trade multiplied beyond their pre-war levels. The insatiable demand for raw materials in the rebuilding economies of Asia and Europe and the strong growth in North America inflated the price of raw materials. By the end of the colonial era in the 1960s, there was great hope for African self-sufficiency and prosperity. However, sporadic growth continued as the newly independent nations borrowed heavily from abroad.


The world economic decline of the 1970s, rising oil prices, corruption, and political instability hit Africa hard. In subsequent decades Africa has steadily become poorer compared to the rest of the world; South America experienced solid growth, and East Asia spectacular growth, during that same period. According to the World Economic Forum, ten percent of the worlds poor were African In 1970; by 2000, that figure had risen to fifty percent. Between 1974 and 2000 the average income declined by $200. Beginning in 1976, the LomД© agreements and Cotonou agreement between the EU and ACP countries, including Sub-Saharan Africa, have structured economic relations between the two regions.

The African debt

Resources of Africa

Today Africa is the eighth of the world’s population. The most populated areas are along the niles, niger, congo and Senegal rivers.

The population is growing quickly due to increasingly better health care. Birthrates are very high, and families are often large. Many people have moved from countryside to cities, because of the poverty and lack of work, to escape civil wars, droughts, and famines.

Most countries rely on the export of coffee, cocoa, or oil. In recent yeas, the prices have fallen. The amount that African countries earn from exports is often less then what they have to spend on imports. These factors, along with the growing population and effects of wars and droughts, mean economic difficulties for many African countries.

Africa is the continent that has almost all the worlds reserves of the scarcest and most precious minerals, the platinium group minerals: platinium, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. They are used in minute amounts in electronic and space-age materials, medical instruments, and other high precision devices. Africa produces more than 60 metal and mineral products and is a major producer of several of the world’s most important minerals and metals including Gold, PGE’s, Diamonds, Tantalite, Titanium, Uranium, Manganese, Chromium, Nickel, Bauxite and Cobalt. Africas contribution to the worlds major metals (copper, lead and zinc) is less than 7%. As a result silver production is low (less than 3% of the worlds production) due to the fact that most silver is produced as a by product of lead; zinc and copper mining. Although underexplored, Africa hosts about 30% of the planets mineral reserves, including 40% of gold, 60% cobalt and 90% of the worlds PGM reserves, making it a strategic producer of these precious metals.

Angola: Petroleum, Diamonds, Manganese, Uranium, Gold

Congo: Wood, Petroleum, Surgar, Cocoa, Coffee, Diamonds

Ivory coast: Coffee, Cocoa, Banana, Cotton, Fish

Tanzanie: Cotton, Coffee, Manufactured Goods, Tobacco

South Africa: Gold, Diamonds, Metals, Minerals



This example has been compiled to provide an overview of the resource governance exploitation issues in the DRC. This part begins by looking back to the late 1800s and tracing the development of resource extraction patterns and informal trade in resources through Leopold and Belgian colonial rule, to Mobutu, and to Laurent and Joseph Kabila.

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Collapse Of Civilizations

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The factors that lead to the “collapse” of civilizations are almost directly related to those that created it. Archaeologists characterize collapse by a number of elements, some of which we have evidence for, others we do not. Most archaeologists are unsure of exactly what caused the decline of most civilizations in the ancient world, yet there are many clues to some of the events that could have contributed. The collapse of the ancient Roman Empire, the Mesoamerican Mayan, and the Egyptian cultures will be discussed in the following paragraphs, with a focus on the uniqueness of each.

“Collapse” is in quotations because its definition when applied to civilizations is often debated.

Merriam-Websters collegiate dictionary states:

1: to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely: fall into a jumbled or flattened mass through the force of external pressure

2: to break down

3: to cave or fall in or give way

4: to suddenly lose force, significance, effectiveness, or worth

5: to break down in vital energy, stamina, or self-control through exhaustion or disease; especially: to fall helpless or unconscious

6: to fold down into a more compact shape

Although this definition can vaguely describe the overall fall of most civilizations, the actual details are more finite. One such event would be an environmental change. Archaeologists use this as a reason for the decline of civilizations often because it fits so well into any situation. A terrifying earthquake, a change in flow of a vital river, and a volcanic eruption are examples of what could have happened to abruptly end a civilization. Another reason might be over use of natural resources. As civilizations grew, the need for more resources increased. They could not grow enough food to support the growing population, and as a result trade networks fell apart, people began to starve, and large epidemics spread. Also many of these civilizations based everything on ideology. They believe that their rulers were gods on earth, so when these devastating things started happening, they lost faith in their ruler. Building temples, making statues of their kings, redistributing their goods, and the following of rulers all ceased. The accumulation of all these factors resulted in decline.

For a long period of time, the Mayan civilization was assumed to have ended around 800 A.D. Its decline is very much wondered about and pondered over. Carbon dating shows the dates in which things started going downward. Around 800 AD, population densities were at their peak. The population had gotten so high that it led to social malfunction and agricultural exhaustion. The land had been so overworked that it did not have a chance to remain fertile. Core borings and pollen samples revealed prolonged drought cycles. (Scarre 1997:372) As in the southern Mesopotamian culture, long term irrigation and salinization of the soil led to decline productivity. When irrigation water dries, it leaves salt. Additional water is needed to wash it out; the salt water rises towards the roots of plants and kills them. However, the Mayan civilization was in a very damp rainforest area, which excludes drought as an explanation for its “collapse.” (Sanders: video)

David Webster, a Copan archaeologist, found obsidian knives at various farming sites. These knives are very important because they can be tested as to the date in which they originate. Anne Freter, an obsidian tester, revealed that the majority of them dated to around 1200 A.D. She thought there was something wrong with her data because it had always been assumed that the culture ended around 800 A.D. This data shows a slow decline instead of a sudden “collapse.”

Archaeologists had assumed that there was a sudden collapse. They considered peasant revolt, loss of legitimacy of the rulers, lack of propaganda, abandonment of great centers, ceasing of buildings and inscriptions, and population declination, done by a method the Mayans are known for. “Voting with ones feet” is when commoners of a village, city, or town were not happy with the king at the time so they left for other communities, no longer contributing their goods to the community.

The Mayans were a very ideological society. They had a very weak military, so they were unable to force taxes on the people. They had to enforce ideology by building temples, monuments and statues. When there was a king who was not liked, then they would not build temples to support him. The ruler would have no symbols of power, which meant no authority. The city of Copan had great monuments, which were rebuilt every twenty years. People were needed for the labor, which was often stopped if they

Ferguson V Fct Case Analysis And Cattle Leasing Ltd essay help

Ferguson V Fct Case Analysis

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Summary of the Case

The case Ferguson v FCT (1979) 9 ATR 873 is an appeal case. Ferguson (tax payer) was a member of the Royal Australian Navy and before he was about to retire, he had formed is retirement plans of establishing a business of primary production. In order to start his business he entered into an arrangement with Cattle Leasing Ltd who specialized in the leasing of cattle, made available to Ferguson five Charolais half-cross cows for a period of four years. He also entered in another separate arrangement with Gunn Rural Management Pty Ltd for them to manage the cattle- looking after the heifers, their progeny and the descendants for a period of ten years. The cattle were to be artificially inseminated to produce pure-bred Charolais and selling the male progeny. Ferguson also expressed intention into entering the agreements to buy the stock at cheap prices, starting with approximately 200 breeders on his own property. In doing this he had incurred expenses totaling $2370 and $1258 in the income year ending 30 June 1973 and 1974 respectively and so he sought for deduction for these expenses.

During the following years there was natural increase to his stock and he sold some, however the consideration received

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German Apple Pancakes

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German Apple Pancakes



1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour, plus more as needed


3 tablespoons sugar


1 tablespoon baking powder


1/4 teaspoon fine salt


1/8 teaspoon freshly ground nutmeg


2 large eggs at room temperature


1 1/4 cups milk at room temperature


1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract


3 tablespoons unsalted butter, plus more as needed


4 Macintosh or other small apples


Warm maple syrup, as an accompaniment


1. Preheat the oven to 200 degrees F. Set a wire rack on a baking sheet and place in the oven.

2. Whisk 1 3/4 cups flour, the sugar, baking powder, salt, and nutmeg in a large bowl. In small bowl or liquid measuring cup, whisk the eggs with the milk and vanilla extract. Melt 3 tablespoons butter in a large well-seasoned cast-iron or non stick skillet over medium heat. Whisk the butter into the milk mixture. Add the liquid ingredients to the dry mixture, and whisk just long enough to make a thick batter, (if there are a couple lumps thats okay).

3. Using a melon baler or an apple corer, peel and core the apples keeping them whole. Slice the apples crosswise to make 1/4-inch rounds. Put some flour on a plate and dredge the apple slices until lightly coated,

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Time Management Action Plan

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For me it seems like there is too many tasks to complete and seldom enough time. Effective and efficient time management is something that I have room for improvement on and have great use of. I started by taking a time management survey.

#1 Accept Problem

My results from this diagnostic survey on time management assured me that my time management skills are low. The survey revealed that I am on the bottom of the scale of time management. There were two sections of the survey. One section measured your time management skills in an office setting and the other section measured your time management skill in your personal life. By having two sections you can compare your time management skills for the two different settings. The total score measures your overall time management skills and it also puts the score in a category. My scores of 27 points for personal life and 31 points for office settings combines to a 58 point total score. My combined score falls in to the lowest category that suggests that training is necessary and will considerably enhance my effectiveness. The first step of solving a problem is identifying it. After taking this survey I have proof that my time management skills are low.

Time management has been a long time problem for me. I have always found excuses for not doing things on time or running late. My main excuse is being involved in so many things as a college student. All of this is true, but it shouldnt be an excuse. I currently work as a lifeguard between classes, tutor nights and weekends, work at a bar weekends, I hold a vice president position in American Marketing Association, I am a member of

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Coldwar Essay

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Relations Between the US and Italy Between 1952-1954

“The Communist Problem”

The “cold war” loss of Italy to Communist control would result in profound political, psychological and military damage to the free world (p.1567)

Draft Statement of Policy by The Planning Board

of The National Security Council

After the end of World War II the United States embarked on years of an uneasy alliance with Italy. The recovering Italian Fascist government was highly unstable and looked as though it could fall into Communist hands at any moment. The United States through mostly financial means chose to support the Christian Democratic Party in hopes of squelching public support for the fairly popular Communist factions within the country. I believe that the United States governments involvement in Italy was a result of US fears that a Communist government could succeed in Italy and the USs refusal to allow that happen. “The rancor and irritation against the US expressed by many Italian sources spring from an Italian awareness that noncommunist leaders are caught in a tough political dilemma, created by consistent American vis a vis Russia, and Italys growing desire to coexist with the USSR”(P.1627)as stated in a memo from Ambassador in Italy Luce to the Department of State in August of 1953. Through an incredible balancing act it would seem as though Italy was a country that sought, and succeeded to an extent, to carry out relations with both The United States and The Soviet Union at the same time walking a delicate tight rope between the two rival superpowers. What follows is a general survey of the foreign relations of the United States and Italy between the years of 1952 and 1954, as Italy attempted to to juggle support from its two largest allies and the US attempted to put an end to the “Red Menace” within the Italian political system.

In order to gain a better understanding of the political climate in Italy from 1952 to 1954 one must be equipped with at least a small amount of background information on Italian history in the first years following the conclusion of World War II. As a former enemy of the victorious Allied Forces Italy was heartily punished by a restrictive peace treaty. Amazingly rapidly, Italy was converted into a fully contributing member of the Atlantic anti-Communist community. An Anti-Communist stance became the crucial issue that defined inclusion and exclusion within the international alliance of which Italy was now a member. This created an extremely volatile political environment Italy which consisted of a virtual plethora of viable political parties including the dominant United States backed and funded Christian Democrats and the Partitio Communista Italiano also known as the PCI. There was a strong conflict of interest that arose between the formal antifascist constitution and the material one imposed being imposed on them by the escalating international situation. On one side there was the pro-Western stance of the main Italian governing party, the Christian Democrats and on the other side they were faced with the PCIs dependency on the Soviet Union, these issues were soon to become the major boiling points of the Italian republic. The PCIs alliance with the Soviet Union provided them with resources much need by the PCI and much maligned by the United States as stated in this dispatch from the Director of Western European Affairs in Feb. of 1952, “The Communist Party apparently has unlimited funds to finance its activities and is becoming increasingly active in the South. (p.1572)” In a way Italy was attempting to be seen as a country bridging the ever widening gap between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Italian government in 1952 was under the rule of Christian Democrat premier, Alcide De Gasperi. The US had seemed faithful at first that the Christian Democrats would gradually stomp out the PCI, however by 1952 they began to grow tired of waiting for the Italians to take care of matters for themselves and began to attempt to exert a more powerful controlling presence in Italy. The United States as well as much of western Europe viewed the existence of a viable Communist party in Italy as a black eye to the anti-Communist collation they had formed and in direct contradiction with the statements laid out in NSC 1968.

“Background of course is unremitting activity of whole Communist party apparatus in complicating difficult enough political, social, moral, and economic reconstruction of Italy after twenty years of destruction and demoralization of war” (p.1565), thus reads a document sent from the Ambassador in Italy (Dunn) to the Department of State. As previously stated, the main issue the United States was interested in addressing in Italy was the prevalence and continued existence of the Italian Communist Party. After the United States entry into the Korean War, the US magnified its pressures on the Allied Western European countries, trying to gain more active involvement in the common effort against the Soviet Union and the threat of Communism as a whole. This new pressure was paired with a request that the local governments assume a tougher stance toward potentially domestic “subversive” trade unions and political groups. The United States requested that Italy also take part in these new anti Communist measures, a delicate issue due to the strength of some large Communist controlled trade unions within the country.

The Prime Minister of Italy, US backed Christian Democrat De Gasperi refused to oblige American requests to remove Communist organizations from public properties, because of the organizations long running contracts that they held with the government. The United States was met with the same refusal to Bunkers (US Ambassador to Italy) request to prevent the Italian Communist Party from gaining large-scale financial support through the payments that Italian industrialists were forced to pay in order to trade with the Soviet Union and other Soviet Bloc nations. According to the De Gasperi there was little the government could do, and even if they had wanted to comply the trade provided was too important for Italian textile industry. Finally, the United Statess intention to use offshore military procurements (OSP) to attempt to persuade Italian entrepreneurs and politicians to adopt a stronger stance against Communist labor met opposition from the omnipresent political factions (because of which Italians would be sent to the polls to to vote three times between 1951 and 1953). In the months leading up to the pivotal 1953 general elections Italians saw

International Olympic Committee And Instances Of The Olympic Charter write essay help: write essay help

Commercialism In The Olympics

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The International Olympic Committee has become a corporation-like entity incurring in commercialism and contradicting the Hellenic Ideal of Justice. After stating our thesis it is important for us to be aware of the definition of the two main concepts under analysis.

The ideal of Justice: The ideal of justice is based in three principles: equality, impartiality, and moral reciprocity. Where individuals should be treated as equals under the same set of rules or guidelines, as well as requiring members to regard each other as having the same moral standing. (Reid)

Commercialism: The tendency within capitalism to try to turn everything in life into objects and services that are sold for the purpose of generating profit; commercialization, where the value of everything, including such intangible things as happiness, health and beauty become measured in purely commercial, materialistic terms, and where public services are being privatized or outsourced to private companies. (Wikipedia)

Commercialism is a term that is touched on in several instances of the Olympic Charter. We must first refer to IOC’s mission and role where they explicitly oppose the political and commercial abuse of sport and athletes. At the same time we can see that in other instances the Olympic Charter contradicts its initial position when it mentions that they have the exclusive rights to valuable profit resources. Accordingly to the contradiction mentioned above, Garry Whannel from the Roehampton Institute stated his view in this matter by saying “It is no surprise that the concept of amateurism has been rendered redundant, irrelevant and laughable. It has become untenable to allow agencies, corporations and networks to profit, whilst at the heart of the spectacle, sportsmen and women are supposed to remain hermetically sealed away from commercial reward.” (Whannel)

We must understand that there is not only a contradiction between what the IOC states in the Olympic Charter regarding their actions and limitation but also those of the athletes who are to abide to certain guidelines that limit them from profiting from their sporting activities. If according to the IOC, they are not searching economical profit, why is it that this event moves so much money?

With the intention to further comprehend this matter and for the purpose of this analysis we will first shift our focus to broadcasting rights of the Olympic Games. In the verge of a technological boom in television broadcasting of sporting events in the 1950s and 1960s, the IOC modified their stance in regards commercialism as we can appreciate in the statements made by Avery Brundage, president of the IOC. “I am not sure that we should ever get into business, but on the other hand we should not give millions of dollars away.” (Barney) This statement was made

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Problem Solution Template

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Problem Solution: GeneOne

Your Name Goes Here

University of Phoenix

Problem Solution: GeneOne

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing your introduction.]

Situation Analysis

Issue and Opportunity Identification

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Stakeholder Perspectives/Ethical Dilemmas

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Problem Statement

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

End-State Vision

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Alternative Solutions

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Analysis of Alternative Solutions

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Risk Assessment and Mitigation Techniques

[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]

Optimal Solution

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Implementation Plan

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Evaluation of Results

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[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to begin typing.]


[Triple click anywhere in this sentence to enter your first reference.]

Table 1

Issue and Opportunity Identification



Reference to Specific Course Concept (Include citation)


USAutos negotiating team did not carefully identify AutoMexs goals. USAutos goal was to reduce costs through utilizing AutoMex labor. AutoMex, by contrast, viewed USAuto as a source for developing

Department Head And Riordan Manufacturing persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help

Problem Solution Riordan

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Problem Solution: Riordan Manufacturing

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Problem Solution: Riordan Manufacturing

In order for any company to gain competitive advantage over other companies in the same industry, it is important that the management team understands the importance of improving business results through people. Employees are the maker or breaker of any company. Without increased motivation and morale of the employees in a company, the company risks losing valuable employees and will be at a disadvantage in attracting potential top talents. As the economy continues to change and competition continues to increase, businesses have to continuously find ways to satisfy their employees in order to retain the best ones.

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation at Riordan. The company has made several strategic changes in the way it manufactures and markets its products and has chosen to adopt a customer-relationship management (CRM) system. Unfortunately, as changes have been implemented, employee retention numbers have declined and there has been an overall decrease in job satisfaction, particularly in the areas of compensation and benefits. This paper will present a problem statement that would outline Riordans challenges and identify opportunities that might result from facing their challenges. This paper will also identify future end-state goals for the company. I began research by reading the entire scenario on Riordan from the companys intranet and was able to understand the companys background.

Situation Analysis

**Write a brief analysis of the scenario here. You should be able to do this yourself by reading the scenario. Just write an overview of whats going on. Then the issues and opportunities Id list for you will follow

Issue Identification

Each department head is focused only on the employees within their department and refuses to look at the companys state as a whole.

Riordan is in the middle of a sales plump and might not be able to incur the costs of expenses required to make changes or increase incentives and rewards

The company and the department heads do not understand the need for effective HR system for the success of the company

The management team at Riordan does not understand the basic concepts of ability, motivation and opportunity. The theory related to ability, motivation and opportunity “is valuable for general managers because it provides basic tools for diagnosing practical HRM problems and also for generating and evaluating concrete solutions” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).

There is concern that some of the company employees are being underpaid. This might lead to continuous increasing turnover. Turnover is already high.

The current reward system is not based on performance, but on cost of living increases, seniority and position. This system does not support the new sales team philosophy. Levels of rewards distributed to employees are not perceived as fair and just. The system does not take into consideration the concept of equity theory. “Equity theory, similar to expectancy theory, considers employee perceptions (versus objective reality) to be critical to ones motivation for achieving fairness” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).

R&D wants their contributions to the sales process be recognized and acknowledged. They also want incentives that reward continuous focus.

Sales are continuing to decline and the switch to customer-focused teams is proceeding slowly.

Company president and CEO are unrealistic about employee feelings. He does not understand the need for employee motivation and feels like there is no basis for their complaints.

No financial or resourceful investment in reward systems.

Opportunity Identification

Riordan has the opportunity to invest in individual and group incentives for its employees. This will contribute to the benefits of those employees that feel like they are being underpaid and will deter them from leaving the company.

Since each department head is aware of the specific problems within their department, they can use this knowledge objectively, to come together as a team and find a solution or solutions that will benefit the entire company and all employees as a whole.

The financial challenges the company is facing can make them begin to prioritize the issues and set up a budget that will help them meet their goals.

By hiring and keeping the outside consultant, Riordan will be able to have an objective view and lead as they begin to work on company and employee issues.

There is a huge potential for learning and growth for the companys management team. Instead of focusing on the individual problems within their department, they will be able to learn the importance of strategic HR systems and its advantages to the company.

The company and management team now has an opportunity to align the companys reward and compensation systems with the business strategy. Since Riordan recently made strategic changes in its marketing processes, it should be easier for them to translate their compensation system into something congruent with that strategy. According to the model set forth by Dreher & Dougherty, “the firms business strategy, along with its technology, determines the organizations design and work processes” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001). These work processes call for a particular set of behavioral/role requirements for employees. “Managers must design HR systems that promote these behaviors, while also taking into account contextual factors affecting the firm, especially labor markets and the legal environment” (Dreher & Dougherty, 2001).

By implementing and capitalizing on an HR system, Riordan will be able to know and understand the effects of the pay model. They would understand how the different perspectives on compensation, how their employees view compensation, and how it will affect their work and behavior. “How people view compensation affects how

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Colorado First Light Infantry

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Colorado First Light Infantry

The Colorado First Light Infantry was an anti-militia group in the U.S. that only consisted of three members. Although this homegrown terrorist group was small and short-lived, it served as a precursor to another larger organization that would be formed. The Colorado First Light Infantry was founded by Ronald David Cole after the events of the Waco siege in Texas in 1993. Cole was at the time a member of the Branch Davidians and ended up writing a pro-Branch Davidians book Sinister Twilight, where he declared that his task was to complete the mission David Koresh failed to fulfill. In 1994, he met with the notorious domestic terrorist Timothy McVeigh prior to the Oklahoma City bombing (Brennan 1995). In 1997 at McVeighs trial, Cole handed out leaflets demanding fair treatment for McVeigh, as well as news releases for the North American Liberation Army, which he had also founded. He also spoke to the media about alleged harassment of paramilitary group members by law enforcement.

Also in 1994, Cole was involved in a violent incident at the site of the destroyed Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas. A standoff occurred between self-proclaimed leaders of the remnants of the sect over who had control of the property. Cole and a former Davidian Wally Kennett were accompanying Andrew Hood, a man who some Davidians had sought out for leadership. Their party became embroiled in an argument with Amo Bishop Roden, the wife of former Davidian leader George Roden; she then fired a warning shot into the air. Roden was charged with felony deadly conduct, and Kennett and Cole were charged with weapons violations (Verhovek 1994).

On May 2, 1997, Kevin Terry, Ronald David Cole, and Wallace Stanley Kennett–members of the Colorado First Light Infantry militia–were arrested by federal agents and local officers in response to criminal warrant alleging they possessed a pipe bomb in their rental house in Aurora, Colorado. A subsequent search of their shared residence revealed mortars, pipe bombs, ammunition, automatic weapons, grenades, and various explosive devices, as well as general plans for the disruption of the federal government through bombings and other violent acts. The actual weapons were a 9mm Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun, a .308 caliber Heckler & Koch Model 91, a .223-caliber Olympic Arms PCF CAR-15-type assault rifle and a 9mm Action Arms Uzi machine pistol (Outpost of Freedom 1997). In response Cole said “Theyre trying to make me look like a terrorist because I criticize them publicly.” Ronald Cole, the groups self declared commander, entered into a plea agreement and on March 26, 1998, was sentenced to 27 months in federal prison on four counts of illegal machine gun possession. Several days earlier, Kevin Terry had also accepted a plea bargain and was sentenced to one year and one day in prison on a single machine gun violation. Terry was released two days later, after being given credit for time served in custody and good behavior. He was also ordered to serve three years supervised release. On February 10, Wallace Stanley Kennett pled guilty to a single count of illegal possession of a machine gun. In exchange for the guilty plea, prosecutors dropped eight other counts in the indictment against Kennett. On May 1, Kennett was sentenced to serve 18 months in federal prison. U.S. District Judge Daniel Sparr, who presided over the three trials, also ordered Kennett to serve three years supervised release and perform 100 hours of community service once freed. The three men were believed to be the only members of the Colorado First Light Infantry.

There is not a lot of available information on this paramilitary group, but it seems likely it was formed as a sort of response to the actions taken against Timothy McVeigh. All three men trained themselves on weapon use and explosives. The warrant that led to their arrest was actually obtained greatly in part to the testimony of an ex-Marine Daniel McNasby. McNasby had casually been invited to go shooting with the three when

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