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In this assignment, students will learn how to use selection operations in QGIS to create a series of choropleth

In this assignment, students will learn how to use selection operations in QGIS to create a series of choropleth maps that highlight certain thematic characteristics using polygons and points.
For this assignment, you will create three (3) maps in accordance with the parameters specified below:
Map #1: Create an aesthetically pleasing map of the Lower 48 states of the United States showing all cities using Graduated Point Circle symbology based on population rank. Note: You will use the shapefile data priovided (no need to google other country shapefiles.) Your map needs to have textual labels of the cities with population ranks 1-3 ONLY. For this map, use the EPSG 102009 projection (North America Lambert Conformal Conic).
Map # 2: Create an aesthetically pleasing map of Ukraine showing all cities using Graduated Point Circle symbology based on population rank. Note: You will use the shapefile data priovided. Your map needs to have textual labels of ALL cities. For this map, use EPSG 28466 projection.
Map # 3: Create an aesthetically pleasing map of one (1) country of your choice (other than the US and Ukraine) anywhere in the world showing all cities using Graduated Point Circle symbology based on population rank. Note: You will use the shapefile data priovided (no need to google other country shapefiles.) Your map needs to have textual labels of the cities with population ranks 1-3 ONLY. For this map, use WGS84 projection.

the following question(s) on specie distribution through mountains as barriers

Referring to barriers as mountains and specie distribution in the US Rocky Mountains, answer the following.

Review our discussion of barriers, islands, and corridors as paradigms for understanding how mountains affect the distribution of species.
Refer to barriers as mountains and describe and explain it in your own words, based on actual species.
What species might the concept apply to?
What species does it not apply to?
What processes might underlie [in other words, either constrain or allow for] the distribution of species or their ‘mobility’ (i.e., movement, dispersal, etc.)?

impacts of permafrost thaw for northern communities in Canada- estimates and challenges

Geography Assignment Help This is a fourth year undergrad term paper OUTLINE. There is no strict word limit, but the more the better. There are two papers required to analysed in this final term paper.
first required paper: Reducing Individual Costs of Permafrost Thaw Damage in Canada’s Arctic
Second required paper:Reducing Individual Costs of Permafrost Thaw Damage in Canada’s Arctic.
Please let me know if you don’t have the access to these two papers, I can always copy them into a word documment and upload them to here. You also need to use at least two more other outside sources as reference. But mainly focus on these two.

In the attached documents, there are requirements for this term paper. The RED words are written by myself, these are the materials that I wish to cover in the intro part. For example, the first paper, illustrate the costs by protection stage, accomodation stage, etc. And the second paper, illustrate the costs by the category of the infrastructre and the country. In the disscussion part, you can also talk about the equity of first nation people as well as the adaptation. Please write them in the heading of intro. method. result. disscussion, conclusion. reference. For each paragraph, write into bullet points. Please note that I am an ESL student, so don’t use too complicated sentences. Thanks a lot.

The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will

The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will have an opportunity to think critically about course materials and their own research materials, and synthesize these materials in a way that allows them to see the world in a different way. The Final Research Paper will also give students the opportunity to produce a scholarly piece of writing based on a topic of their own choosing.
1. For the Final Research Paper, build on the first three parts of the Research Project assignment(Three documents are included) to produce a well-organized, scholarly research paper.
2. In addition to the sources used for the annotated bibliography, you should gather additional data from a variety of sources (e.g., newspaper articles, census data, business reports, government documents, etc.).
3. You may want to return to your field excursion site to make and record more observations. Dates and times of these observations should be recorded clearly.
4. The Final Research Paper should be formatted like a research article in an academic journal. You are encouraged to use journal articles as guides for formatting their essays, bearing in mind there are many different ways to format journal articles.
5. The Research Papers must not simply add on the sections from the first parts of the Research Project but rather incorporate these materials to produce a well-written essay. Although components of a paper can be arranged very differently, the following elements must be included in the final submission.

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? data: data must be presented in a format that is legible, meaningful, suitable for the data type, and consistent with the style of the paper;
? analysis: it is not enough to simply state results. Results must be analyzed and discussed, making connections to the theoretical framework used;
? visual representation: all papers should have at least one map of the study area as well as one or more photographs. Papers can also use tables, charts, graphs, sketches, and other forms of visual representation that contribute to data presentation and analysis.
The Final Research Paper should include the following sections clearly identified using headings. Please note that sections do not have to use these titles; they can be more imaginative and descriiptive. Please also note that different sections might be combined depending on the style and flow of the report:
1. Introduction: describes the research topic; may include a map; should include a research question or problem statement, as well as an argument; should indicate briefly the theory being used; should set up the rest of the paper.
2. Methods: briefly describes the methods used to gather data; can include a map; can include references to methods literature if used, including the course textbook if used.
3. Theory: includes a discussion of the theoretical lens used and a review of the literature used for the study; links the theory to the research question.
4. Results: describes the observations made (tables, charts, and diagrams can be included as necessary).
5. Analysis and discussion: link results to the theory in a scholarly way that helps the reader to understand the phenomena being studied; may challenge existing literature and propose something new.
6. Conclusion: briefly restates what the essay did and points to what other interesting work could be done; may include limitations; elegantly concludes the paper.