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Life Cycle Analysis Big Mac gp essay help

There are many questions hanging in the air around these numbers. How socially responsible the conglomerate McDonald’s is for negative externalities created by both consumption and production? What environmental impacts does McDonald’s create by the production of Big Mac and what methods does McDonald’s use to reduce it? Life cycle analysis is a technique which assesses these environmental impacts on group of different aspects during the whole life of the product. By carrying out the this analysis, I go through the whole process and life of product from the cradle to the grave and it will hopefully bring me closer to these impacts, hidden behind the curtain, hidden from knowledge of public.

In order to figure out as many quantitative and measurable data as possible, in group of three we disassembled the Big Mac Burger. We separated different parts of burger and put each in different beaker; then we measured the mass of it. We recorded these figures: With these figures, we assume that the beef contained in the 2 piece of meat is 100% beef; and due the McDonald’s website it is 100% beef indeed. We can only speculate the reliability of this statement. We also assume that 45. 0g of the dairy products is only cheese. In fact, it was slice of cheese with sauce and lettuce all stuck together and we had difficulties to separate them, so we assume that all together, it is only cheese that was contained. We did not include the sesame seeds on the surface of bread.

Packaging was a simple box, made of harder paper. Pre-production involves growing the raw materials that are used it final production of the product. Specifically for the Big Mac it is growing crops for the bread; grow cows for beef meet, extraction of milk for bread, cheese and sauce and growing lettuce. Inventory of analysis Bread – 90. 2 g Beef – 65. 1 g Cheese and dairy products – 45. 0 g Packaging (carton) – 13. 6 g Soil Pollution: I did not find any evidence of direct pollution of soil caused by production of Big Mac, however, in the same case of water pollution; the soil pollution can be caused by the use of fertilizers and pesticides.

Also, if farmers use the land with no interruption, and grow the crops on the land every season without leaving the land rest for one season every couple of years, the land losses its fertility and nutrition and becomes less and less arable. This does not contribute to the sustainable development, since the future generation can’t enjoy the fertile land like we previously did. Air Contamination: The farming of cattle such as cows produces a large amount of methane and ammonia which emits to the atmosphere and causes air contamination. Although this might sound ridiculous to us, the emission of methane caused by cows is actually very significant. It is known that methane contributes to the global warming. Statistically, an average cow produces 110 kg of methane per year.

CONCLUSION

The life cycle analysis of Big Mac outlined internal weaknesses of McDonald’. What McDonald can keep on improving is the energy consumption and air contamination in the production process. They might try creating their packaging more recyclable and avoiding land filling as much as possible.

South African Investment my assignment essay help: my assignment essay help

In the late 1970’s and early 1980’s, Caltex (an affiliate oil refinery of Texaco and SoCal) started their operations in South Africa. In this paper, I will identify and explain the benefits and the negatives as to why Caltex should build there plant in South Africa. I will also discuss how I would vote on three of the resolutions made by the stockholder’s as well as discuss how the managers of Texaco and SoCal should have responded. Finally, I will address the management responsibilities as it relates to this case.

Utilitarian benefits of building the Caltex plant in 1977 When Texaco and SoCal decided to build there refinery plant, Caltex, in South Africa in 1977, there was much to consider. First of all, the South Africa was ruled by government upheld apartheid legislation. According to the textbook, Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases, the apartheid system, “deprived the entire Black population of all political and civil rights: They could not vote, could not hold political office, could not unionize, and had no right to freedom of assembly,” (Velasquez, p. 8). Despite this obstacle, Caltex was built and began operations. Caltex believed that by opening operations in South Africa they could provide the people with some economic opportunities that they could not have if they did not. According to the case study, “the managements of both Texaco and SoCal argued that Caltex was committed to improving the economic working conditions of its black employees and their continued presence in South Africa did not constitute and ‘endorsement’ of South Africa’s ‘policies’,” (para. 5).

By declaring that there presence in South Africa was in no way evident in support with the government policies, Caltex gave the impression of a utilitarianism approach. According to the textbook, utilitarianism is “a general term for any view that holds that actions and policies should be evaluated on the basis of the benefits and costs they will impose on society,” (Velasquez, p. 61). Caltex upheld the belief that the benefits they provide to its employees outweigh the fact that they are conducting business in an oppressed nation. In my opinion, I think that that the benefits outweighed the negatives.

Even though the South African government was morally wrong for oppressing the majority of its citizens, Caltex brought an opportunity to the region that had the promise of not only economic promise for the organization, but also the opportunity to show the people of South Africa what it is like to be equal and not discriminated. Also, there presence no doubt brought on political change and opened the eyes to the other nations of the world as to the oppression present in South Africa. If I were a stockholder in Texaco or Standard Oil

Despite of all the benefits and the promises that Caltex could have provided to the people in South Africa, the shareholders still encouraged management to withdraw their operations from South Africa. As a result, the stockholders proposed three resolutions to which they would vote on and decide the future of Caltex’s operations in South Africa. The first resolution (A) was asking Caltex to terminate its operations in South Africa. The second (B) asked Caltex not to sell to the military or police of South Africa. The last resolution (C) asked Caltex to implement the Tutu principles.

I believe that as a shareholder invested in my company, I would want to portray us as a responsible organization that will work with the host country to find a common ground rather than be charged with a serious crime. C. FAVOR. Tutu’s principles are something that I would definitely be in favor for. According to the case study, Bishop Tutu’s principles “outlined several conditions of the investment which would enable Caltex and other U. S. companies to make such a ‘positive contribution to improving economic and social opportunities’,” (para. 4). These principles would be exactly what I would like my company to portray because they contribute to human rights and equal opportunities to all races. Manager’s responses In regards to the resolutions proposed by the stockholders, I believe the manager’s responses should be as follows: A. The manager’s should have also not been in favor of this resolution. In this case, the management needs to consider that the utilitarian benefits do actually outweigh the negatives and oppression the South African government has over its citizens. B.

The manager’s responses to this resolution should be weighed very carefully. Even though they may not agree with the practices of the government and may think they are an aid to unwanted practices, they still need to consider there reputation and the consequences that can result from not being cooperative. In my opinion, the manager’s should have responded by communicating the need to work with the government to their stakeholders as well as find some type of resolution with the government. C. The management should embrace the Tutu principles.

If the management is really dedicated to the ideals and principles of their institution then they should know that these principles are about the people and their well-being. They should make any adjustments necessary to make sure the principles are upheld. Management responsibilities (i. e. , duties) In my opinion, I believe the management of a company does have the responsibility beyond ensuring a high return for its stockholders. In this case, the responsibility of the management is to make sure that the principles and business ethics that they have developed as an organization is upheld at all costs.

Just because the stockholders wanted to see their company disassociate themselves from a country that they did not see as ideal, it is still imperative that the management stick to there own ideals and principles regardless of where they are. On the other hand, I do not believe that the management of a company should look primarily to the law and to the rate of return on its investment as the ultimate criteria for deciding what investments it should make.

Companies should always consider the economical and social circumstances in the region to which they decide to invest their company. Conclusion This paper outlined why I believe the utilitarian benefits outweighed the negative circumstances for the building of Caltex in South Africa. I have also provided my own views as to what I would do if I were a stockholder in the company as well as what the manager’s should have done in response to the resolutions.

Finally, I gave my point of view as to what the manager’s responsibilities are when dealing with stockholders and investments. Caltex was in a difficult place as they had to deal with their stockholders and the government of South Africa in order to conduct their business, but the most important thing they had was the opportunity to show the oppressed people of South Africa what it was like to be an equal member of an institution.

Essay Outline free essay help online: free essay help online

Write an analytical essay: Read Khaled Hosseini’s novel, The Kite Runner, take thematic notes in response to the reading, and write a formal essay to be handed in on__________________________. The “theme” of a novel can be defined as the underlying “message” or “main point” which the work presents and tries to communicate to the reader. Directions: In order to prepare to write a well-supported, cohesive formal essay, it is essential that you take notes on the reading.

As you read the novel, concentrate your efforts on looking for references to specific themes and recording them along with your thoughts and reactions on The Kite Runner Chart. Some of the themes you could look at include: 1. Loss of innocence and coming of age 2. Redemption of the human spirit 3. Social evils and the pain of war 4. People’s inner conflicts 5. The destructive power of jealousy and insecurity 6. The lingering impact of guilt Choose one theme from the list and gather quotes for each. Record these passages with their page numbers.

Your important quotes can illustrate any of the following: • how characters grow and change over the course of the novel, both in their attitudes and their outlook on life and what you think these changes illustrate about human tendencies or why people act certain ways. • how the author uses symbolism and conflict to reveal larger ideas about human nature and how the topics and themes mentioned above connect to the characters. • how character actions, events, and ideas provide insight into larger truths about how people tend to act. What, in your opinion, is the main theme of the book The Kite Runner?

Explain your answer clearly, making specific references to the text. Your formal essay must be 800-100 words, in standard 12-point font with one-inch margins. Use a thesis sentence in the introduction and then use direct quotes from the novel in your final essay. Support your opinion with well-developed reasons based on direct evidence from the novel. Use official, standard MLA format in your written response (including heading, works cited pages, and parenthetical citations). _______________Introduction ( 5 points) ? There is an attention getting lead (beginning) ? Substantial and effective It is clear which option the writer has selected to develop ? Thesis Statement (one sentence) mentions the topic, has a clear position, and three arguments to support it. ________________Content (Body Paragraphs) (30 points) ?

There are at least five detailed paragraphs of writing ? The main ideas are clearly stated and are logical ? Paragraphs are directly related and consistent with the option selected ? Writer incorporates textual evidence (3 total examples of logical text in each para. ) ? Textual evidence is accompanied by detailed explanations ? Ideas are thoughtful, analytical and detailed The paper is not just a summary of the novel ________________Style/ Mechanics (15 points) ? Appropriate voice/ tense is used ? Textual evidence (quotes) are smoothly integrated into writing ? Word choice is interesting, varied and appropriate to purpose ? Transitions move the reader through the text ? Names are spelled and punctuated correctly ? Textual Evidence (Quotations) are cited correctly (Hosseini #). ? Evidence of the writing process (outline, organiser and edited rough draft) ? Correct spelling, grammar and punctuation ? Legibly written/ typed in pencil or blue or black ink _________________/50 points total

Apple Marketing Portfolio essay help online free: essay help online free

Apple is a multibillion-dollar company that we thought would be very useful to analyze since they have had so much success with their products and marketing techniques, specifically the Mac computers. We saw the opportunity to learn a lot from their different marketing approaches and strategies with their computers against the competitors. Steven Jobs and Stephen Wosniak created Apple in 1976. The two young entrepreneurs probably would have never thought their company would be so successful.

They first came out with a microcomputer, which was used mostly by hobbyists and had little success. It wasn’t until 1977 when Jobs and Wosniak introduced to the world the Apple 2 that they tasted any form of success. This turning point was when their business started to boom. It was the first business computer meant for at home use. Following the Apple 2, Jobs and Wosniak were hard at work constantly trying to come up with new ideas for an even more successful business. They came out with the Lisa in 1983, which was the first commercial computer that had a mouse.

The Apple computer continued to evolve over the years. The two successful business men came out with the Macintosh in 1984 which was the first computer that allowed people to issue commands by click on an icon with the mouse, also known as graphical user interface (GUI). This handy mechanism made it possible for people to no longer type out every command they wanted their computers to do. This was their most significant advantage compared to other personal computers of the time. Eventually PC’s would have ‘Windows’ as a GUI, but Apple had a significant technological jump on the competition.

In fact ‘Mac’ became the term of choice for their company after this time. Mac was always inventing new ideas to create a computer that was clean, straight forward, and user friendly. Following the Macintosh was the Mac Plus computer and LaserWriter printer in 1986 making it a huge success with desktop publishing. It wasn’t until 1994 that Apple created the Power Macintosh, the first high-powered personal computer. Constantly hard at work to develop new ways to simplify their computers the two men introduced the first I-Mac in 1998, a computer that would change the tech world forever.

Since the I-Mac, Apple has been constantly revamping, recreating, adding bells and whistles and simplifying their computers in the best ways they can find. They not only became successful with their I-Mac but Apple decided in 2001 to come out with other Apple products such as the I-pod, different computer software, I-tunes, and most recently the company has come out with the ever so popular I-phone, a phone that combines the features of numerous electronic devices.

The ever-expanding business has grown and has been recognized worldwide as the leader in computer design. Making the Apple even more appealing to more consumers it has recently partnered up with Intel, allowing for PC users to switch over to Macs with ease. Apple seems to have their marketing strategies and techniques down to a science. They seem to manage uncontrollable marketing pressures in areas such as social, economic, technological, competitive and legal challenges with success. Social Environment:

Apple has researched the uncontrollable social environment so effectively that they perhaps border on controlling it. There ability to adapt to changes in social pop-culture, and appeal to the current times and trends have earned them the sales they most definitely deserve. One cannot not deny the fact that certain Apple products and advertisements were so successful and appealing, that they in fact did influence and create there very own trends within the social environment, and have very much become a part of pop culture.

There ability to innovate with and appeal to the times and social demands of computer purchasers within the new and old generations is outstanding, and they have gained a lot of support and admiration in this sector, the social environment is certainly a friend to Apple. Technological Environment: One may confidently say that Apple has spent a lot of money and resources in being an adequate player in the uncontrollable technological environment. Being that they are the computer company that invests the most in research and development, and technological advances and innovations, they usually cquire the best the field has to offer, and successfully avoid or reject whatever bad opportunities may arise or cause conflict. There ability to scope through their technological environment, and benefit and control all the top technologies, is another outstanding strength in Apple’s business practices. Economic Environment: In the economical environment they are, like all products, susceptible to a decline in sales during economic recession, but in its niche of wealthy people, it is not as susceptible as PC’s perhaps are.

The wealthy will generally always have the spending power they need to buy whatever computer they please, and if Mac continues to advertise and niche the way it does it has a better chance of fighting economic fluctuation than computers that offer a more value based product strategy, as these people generally suffer more during economic turmoil. We must recognize that there is still a worldwide demand for Apple products though, as they are a global player, and countries such as China, Russia and India that are gaining wealth and buying power will demand these world famous products.

Legal Environment: Apple has even been lucky on the legal environment front. In establishing their computers in being the best for all forms of media creation, editing, and rendering, they have become part of school and governments budgets globally. School use them for various art and music classes, which are being encouraged more and more, and other government agencies such as the F. B. I or R. C. M. P that require the best in graphic generation and three dimensional imagery also prefer the Apple brand, and have made it an office necessity.

Students are also growing more and more accustomed to purchasing laptops for school. Other schools have made it mandatory to own and have a laptop at there disposable, greatly increasing sales (Salkever). There ability to lead in terms of graphics and art have earned them the right to be most efficient choice for schools and government agencies to utilize, in doing so they are mandatory and will be for a long time. I would also say that they should also watch out that PC companies do not sue them, as they are so frequently slandering their name.

Play ‘Much Ado About Nothing’ essay help writer: essay help writer

How does Shakespeare portray love in the play ‘much a do about nothing? ’ This topic covers about the way love is expressed in the play ‘much a do about nothing’. In the play, Shakespeare shows love in various ways. There were two main romances in the play that had very different qualities and different types or relationships and demeanours, so these two couples in the play have a contrast of how different their relationship’s are. So the first main romance we see in the play is of course, Hero and Claudio.

This is a pair of conventional lovers that have gone through a lot of ups and downs. This relationship has so many negative points and positive. As Claudio metaphorically asks, ‘can the world buy such a jewel’. This is showing those women were seen has objects, and makes you realise the gender inequalities. Of course, you see a comparison to the relationship that Benedick and Beatrice have, it’s a much more romantic, stereo typed relationship than what Beatrice and Benedick have.

Claudio is so in love with Hero, that Benedick claims Claudio changes as a person. “Seeing how much another man is a fool when he dedicates his behaviours to love”, is a quote by Benedick saying that Claudio has shown a feminine, amorous, passionate side to himself. However, this whole ‘in love phase’ soon changes with Claudio, as Claudio decides to exploit Hero.

This shows that Shakespeare has shown that although on the outside surface, Claudio and Hero have a perfect love relationship, it’s definitely not that underneath because Claudio’s judgements on Hero change so swiftly it’s hard to believe Claudio ever did love Hero. However, when we compare this messed up relationship with Beatrice and Benedick, you find that this is where true love comes into place. This is why the two couples contrast so much, because Beatrice and Benedick’s relationship is where the real love is.

As you watch Benedick and Beatrice joke and banter around during the play, you notice how similar their qualities are how much they have in common. As Benedick has broken his trust with Beatrice, seeing as Beatrice and Benedict had a untrustworthy relationship previously, they would insult each other immeasurably, insults back and forth like a tennis match. But deep down, Benedick loved that quality about Beatrice, her quick-witted, humorous comments.

Kodak Down Fall Reasons buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help

What factors motivated Kodak to change its organizational architecture? a. Changes in the economic environment that increased KodakA’s ability to control the timing of new products. b. The need for centralized decision rights to ensure the company kept up with its new competition. c. Increased competition from Japanese and generic brands and rapid technological change. d. Increased understanding of the role of organizational architecture in improving firm performance. e. Internal changes in management and falling stock prices

Question 2 (1 point) Question 2: What mistakes did Kodak make in changing its organizational architecture? a. It initially changed the decision right system to a more decentralized one without making corresponding changes to the evaluation and reward systems. b. It designed an organizational architecture based on the good citizen model rather than on the happy is productive model. c. It created too many new business units that made the corporationA’s operations cumbersome and reduced communications among management d.

It failed to increase the specific knowledge of upper management to support centralized decision making. e. It initially changed the evaluation and reward systems without making corresponding changes the decision right system Question 3 (1 point) Question 3: What might Kodak have done differently? a. It should have retained a centralized decision making system because upper management had stronger incentives to work towards the success of the company

It should have developed a decentralized decision making system earlier to support the changes it made to the evaluation and reward systems. . It should have developed an evaluation and rewards system earlier to support the decentralization of decision rights and, when the system was finally implemented, it should have ensured that rewards benefited those who made good decisions rather than those who were good at office politics. d. It should have brought in new management with more specific knowledge of KodakA’s competitors. e. It should have reduced the percentage of compensation that was tied to a variable bonus Question 4 (1 point) Question 4: How does this example relate to the concept of Economic Darwinism? a.

Kodak used a suboptimal architecture in its new economic environment, which reduced the incentives of managers to make good decisions. Until the architecture was corrected, the company continued to lose market share to companies that were better able to operate in the new external environment. b. Kodak lost much of its market share because it was not protected from foreign competition by tariffs. Protecting domestic industries is important for keeping them strong. c. Kodak was not able to grow as fast as its competitors because it started from a larger base; small companies are able to generate faster growth due to their initial small size. . Kodak was able to survive because it was the largest company and could retain its market power even in a rapidly changing external environment. e. Kodak used a suboptimal architecture that was not designed to work in an environment where technology changes rapidly. In such an environment, centralized decision making works best because the upper level managers can keep track of changes affecting the industry and develop specific knowledge needed to oversee all areas of the companyA’s operations.

The Contribution of Positivist to Our Understanding of Methodology writing an essay help: writing an essay help

Assess the contribution of positivist to our understanding of methodology Positivism is a key concept in Sociology. It is also known to some as the scientist ideology. It is essentially the belief that the social world can be studied in the identical way that one may study the natural world, so it can be studied scientifically. The main opposition to this concept of sociology is the interpretive approach. They tend to stress the differences between the natural world and the social world. Positivism came about during the 1800s, during the industrial revolution, the concept corresponds with the era it was established in. n the 1800s, philosophy was considered useless and science was considered to be the solution to all of the world’s problems, it was accepted into society and not shunned away. Positivism was started by Auguste Comte who is regarded to be the first true sociologist, and was also studied and continued by his student Emile Durkheim. Auguste Comte was born on January 17th 1798. He was born in France. He was best-known for the theory that, society has gone through three stages: Theological, this is basically based on religion. Theories are explained in terms of God. The next is; Metaphysical; this is based upon forces that change the world.

And the third is scientific (positive) this is based upon science and maths. Comte believed that these laws could be applied to society as a whole, and that his method could be used to analyse and interpret society in to extreme detail and would lead to the better understanding of society. Methodology establishes ways in which data can be obtained about any given subject. Different forms can be taken such as questionnaires. These can be examined in detail to see if there is a pattern in society. Scientific methods are used by positivists. These methods lead to accurate and precise predictions.

Positivists use quantitative data to produce outcomes. Quantitative research is the scientific investigation of properties, and is always approached scientifically, hence the fact that it goes hand in hand with positivist research. Positivists believe that in order to gain an accurate outcome from any test, you should only study what you can see, and only what is tangible. For example, you can study ones emotions or reactions but not ones motive. They also believe that external stimuli are the factors that affect the human behaviour opposed to internal stimuli which is what goes on in ones mind. hey look for patterns and trends, and seek laws e. g. the relationship between crime and law. Through these methods, positivists can produce universal laws that can be applied to the whole of mankind. In conclusion positivism goes hand in hand with science. It aids us in understanding of methodology. In order to fully understand the sociological method, we need to understand there point of view and there understanding of sociology. The outcome of these methods depends on the individual sociologist.

Forms of Theory Organization compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help

They all contributed significantly to the development of classical organization theory. Taylor’s scientific management approach The scientific management approach developed by Taylor is based on the concept of planning of work to achieve efficiency, standardization, specialization and simplification. Acknowledging that the approach to increased productivity was through mutual trust between management and workers, Taylor suggested that, to increase this level of trust, • the advantages of productivity improvement should go to workers, • physical stress and anxiety should be eliminated as much as possible, • capabilities of workers should be developed through training, and • the traditional ‘boss’ concept should be eliminated.

Considering the organization as a segment of broader society, Weber (1947) based the concept of the formal organization on the following principles: • Structure In the organization, positions should be arranged in a hierarchy, each with a particular, established amount of responsibility and authority. • Specialization Tasks should be distinguished on a functional basis, and then separated according to specialization, each having a separate chain of command. • Predictability and stability The organization should operate according to a system of procedures consisting of formal rules and regulations. • Rationality Recruitment and selection of personnel should be impartial. • Democracy Responsibility and authority should be recognized by designations and not by persons.

Persuasive Essay grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Did you know that students are now required to complete at least ten hours of community service in order to graduate? In order for students to have a more positive experience, school administrators should add more activities within the guidelines. Some activities that will give students a more positive experience are serving at food kitchens, disturbing gifts at salvation armies, and helping out at nursing homes. Community service should be a positive experience for all students. The first activity that should be included in the guidelines for community service is serving food at food kitchens.

This activity will be positive for students because they’ll be helping to feed the homeless. Also students will be able to see the happiness they bring to others by giving back. This option should be added to the guidelines because it’s an amazing opportunity. Students are able to help others, which is something they’ll feel good about afterwards. Students are also influenced to further their education and do well in life so their never put in that predicament. Student will enjoy working in food kitchens as a community service.

Students are more likely to enjoy community service if school administrators add more to the guidelines. During Christmas time, the Salvation Army would be an excellent place to earn community service hours. This is good for students because they’re helping provide families that are less fortunate gifts to give to their children. Students also help create a food box for the family to take home so they have food for the holidays. This activity should be added to the guidelines because it’ll be a life changing experience for the students.

Students will be less likely to judge others because of the clothes they wear. Plus their helping some families feel more positive about Christmas. Helping in salvation armies would be a wonder experience for students as a community service. There are many activities that students could particpate in and have a positive expierence. Helping in nursing homes is one of them. This is positive cause students are able to help the elderly. Students also are able to learn from the wise and get good advice on life. This should be added to the guidelines because students are being positively influenced.

Their helping those who really need it. Their also being taught new things and receiving wise advice from the elderly. Helping at nursing homes should be added to the guidelines. With these three activities, students will receive a much more positive experience while doing their community service. Students are more likely to learn more with these activities. School adminstrarors will be impressed with the effect that that these activities will have on students, which is why they should consider adding them the guildlines.

Introduction to Antibiotics write essay help: write essay help

Antibiotics are among the most frequently used medications in the world today. A. They can cure anything from your minor discomforts to a life-threatening disease. B. However, if misused, antibiotics can cause many problems. II. Antibiotics are so overused, that the human body is becoming resistant to its cures. III. This morning I will show you that misusing antibiotics can be done without a person even realizing that they are doing it. A. First, antibiotics are used to feed animals to help with faster growth. B. Second, doctors are prescribing antibiotics when they don’t cure the disease the patient has.

C. Third, when a patient is prescribed an antibiotic, they may not continue taking the prescribed amount after the symptoms are gone. (Transition: You may not know it, but you might be consuming antibiotics when you eat a hamburger. ) Body 1. Throughout the years, antibiotics have been used in an agricultural setting to feed the animals and promote growth. A. An article dated January 28, 2008 entitled “Fight to Curtail Antibiotics in Animal Feed” by Sabin Russell in the San Francisco Chronicle, explains benefits and consequences of using antibiotics to feed these animals. . 70 percent of U. S. antibiotics are used in small doses in animal feed; not to treat disease but to promote the growth of the animals. 2. Antibiotics increase the speed of food-to-muscle conversion by 5 percent. 3. Antibiotics that are fed to cattle have been tied to the drug-resistances of salmonella which is found in humans. B. In his 2008 article “Antibiotic Resistance” in the Genetics Encyclopedia, Paul K. Small cited that the use of antibiotics in animal feeding is associated with antibiotic- resistant strains of bacteria. Transition:

However, there are other ways that humans can become resistant to antibiotics other than simply consuming the meat of animals who had previously consumed an antibiotic. ) II. Misuses of antibiotics have also been linked to poor prescriptions that doctors give to their patients. A. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration stated in their article “Facts About Antibiotic Resistance” that antibiotics are given to patients more often than healthcare organizations recommend. 1. Doctors use antibiotics as treatment for the common cold or the flu, both of which are viruses that do not respond to antibiotics. . Some physicians are diagnosing a patient with little information about their symptoms, and will prescribe an antibiotic as a just-in-case. B. Doctors Thomas Hooten and Stuart Levy of the CME wrote in an article entitled “Confronting the Antibiotic Resistance Crisis: Overprescribing Antibiotics” blame the overprescribing on the doctors themselves. 1. Doctors may prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics instead of specific antibiotics to treat the symptoms that the patient has. a. Broad- Spectrum antibiotics are used prior to finding the cause of bacteria in a life-threatening situation, such as meningitis.

Doctors use these when there are multiple bacteria causing illnesses that need to be treated. b. Specific antibiotics are used against a select bacterial type, or when the bacteria causing an illness are known. 2. Physicians prescribe antibiotics to simply please the patient. a. Patients request the medication, making doctors feel the need to fill the prescription to keep the patents satisfied with the office. b. Patients pressure doctors into prescribing certain mediations so they can get back to work or school sooner. (Transition: Have you ever been prescribed a medication for a sickness, and stopped taking it when your symptoms stopped?

III. After the symptoms have stopped, a lot of people stop taking the antibiotics that they were prescribed. A. In an article written September 24, 2008 “The New Superbugs” printed in the Times of India, Bennett Colemen addresses the problems after an antibiotic is prescribed. 1. Patients use leftover medication if the symptoms come back in the future. 2. Drugs are distributed illegally- people who have used the drug for certain symptoms will give it to others who are currently having the symptoms. B. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration also address this problem. 1.

Patients who are prescribed antibiotics but don’t take the full prescription can cause a resistance to that antibiotic. 2. When people do not complete the scheduled course, the medication can act as a “vaccination” for the surviving bacteria. (Transition: As you can see, it is sometimes impossible to be aware that you are not using an antibiotic in the correct way. ) Conclusion I. Although people may think that the antibiotic is the “cure all” medication, using them when it is not needed will cause you many problems. II. The misuse of antibiotics can be happening in many ways, three of which I have just addressed.

A. Antibiotics that are being used in feeding agricultural animals to promote growth. B. Doctors over prescribing or wrongly prescribing an antibiotic. C. Patients who refuse to finish their full prescription, and continue taking a prescription when the symptoms reoccur. III. Antibiotics are among the most frequently prescribed medicines in modern medicine. A. Antibiotics are vital in curing life-threatening diseases. B. Antibiotics should be used the way that they are meant to be used, so that they can benefit the users as much as possible.

Seligram Inc. Case Study admission college essay help: admission college essay help

Describe the existing cost system and explain why it failed The current cost system is based on two components: a direct and indirect cost measurement. There are only two types of cost: direct labor and burden. Burden is grouped into a single cost pool and represents the cost of both testing rooms, engineering burden costs (software and tooling development), plus the administrative costs of the division. Burden was then calculated for each lot, with a burden rate of 145% The lot’s total cost is the sum of the direct labor cost added to the burden cost. This existing cost system failed because of three main reasons.

The existing cost system is related to direct labor hours. -Vendor certification: with vendor certification, Selgrim’s suppliers do the primary testing of components which reduces the number of tests performed by the company. Indeed, from 2003 to 2005, because of vendor certification, the number of direct labor hours per lot has noticed a 30% decrease. Less tests done means less direct labor hours per lot. -The shift from simple inspection services to broader-based test technology: ETO became less competitive on elementary testing and on large lots. However, there were still cheaper regarding engineering support and high technology testing.

This change has led to a shift in the labor mix, reducing the quantity of direct labor and increasing indirect labor hours. -The need for automatic equipment: the new high technology components required more automatic and longer testing. Increasing automation would then lead to a smaller need of direct labor and would increase expenses in terms of automated equipment. Those are the three main reasons why the current cost system failed: they decreased the direct labor hours allocated per lot and increased burden. Finally, this would increase the final manufacturing cost and would make ETO less and less competitive. -Calculate the reported costs of the five components described in the case a-The reported costs of the five components using the existing cost system

Existing systemManager’s systemConsultant’s system Lot’s total cost12509. 75 $12767. 2 $13658. 41 $ Using the consultant’s system makes it possible to know more precisely the total cost of each lot by allocating each cost to its real driver. That is why the total cost per lot is more expensive in the consultant’s system than in the others. One can notice also that indeed, the manager’s system is better than the existing one. Still, the preferable system to use is the system proposed by the consultant, as explained in the next board.

In the manager’s system, the second pool includes all other burden costs and are charged based on machine hours; where as, the consultant treats the machine hours as two separate cost pools which are the main testing room and the mechanical room. This system leads to a large percentage of total cost of machine hours. Existing systemConsultant system Second poolMain roomMechanical room

Diversity Concerns in Public Health compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help

One of the Public Health provider’s professional responsibility is to learn and understand the diversity and cultural differences that exists in there area of operation and beyond, in order to address the health needs of these groups effectively (Woodward, 2010). One of the key agendas of the public health sectors in any country is to provide health care interventions that make a positive difference to the people and in a way that respects and values diversity of those people (UK DoH, 2004).

The government has a responsibility to ensure that the rights of the different people groups are protected in the law, so that all the citizens in the society, especially the vulnerable groups are protected from discrimination (Woodward, 2010). It is important for Public Health Professionals to recognize that it is expected for them to provide care for members of the society who are from diverse backgrounds. This paper provides a discussion on the diversity concerns of public health.

In discussing this topic, the paper looks at different people groups that exist in different parts of the world in regard to public health, their role and needs in relation to public health (Woodward, 2010). The Indonesian Cultural mores and their effect on public health practices From the 1970s, the cultural patterns of the Indonesians prompted the government to enact public health reforms programs owing to the rise in population density, water pollution, soil erosion, and siltation of river bends (Naya, 2010). Indonesia is a large region with an immense population of 237. 6 million people according to 2010 national census.

In the historical eras around 1970s and 1980s jobs were not very common forcing many Indonesians to become fishermen. Because of the increased number of fishermen in the area, they have almost exhausted the sea resources in the region and are now crossing into the Australian waters. Indonesia is facing many environmental problems which are as a direct of industrialization, overpopulation, illegal Fishing, and the pollution around the city. One example is the logging problem. This causes a rippling effect in many environmental areas; Indonesia’s air is polluted because there are fewer trees to absorb Carbon dioxide (Naya, 2010).

The cultural pattern that has been consistent among the Indonesians comprises of the Indianized rice growing peasants in Suimantera valleys, in Bali, and Java. Another cultural aspect is the coastal Islamic commercial workers. The various cultural patterns of the different people groups have an effect on the geographical resources of Indonesia (Naya, 2010). Historical factors and impact made on public health The economic crisis that hit Asia in the 1990s is one of the historical factors that forced Indonesia to carry out radical reforms in all sectors the government including the public health sector.

Decentralization of government functions was recommended and implemented in 2001. Since then, the public health sector has devolved its activities in the city, district governments and the municipalities (Bossert, et al. 2003). The decentralization effort in Indonesia has since then improved the equity and deployment of health services, as well as promoting the decision making process which has gone far and beyond in ensuring better policies that addresses the health problems among the locals (Naya, 2010). Current health status

A study conducted by Ascobat Gani in 2009, showed that in the underdeveloped cities and districts, distribution of human and health resources varied with a difference of 1 health resource serving 80 people. The ratio of public health officers, e. g. the sanitarians and health analysts were also noted to be differing significantly. This report is supported by the ministry of Health data which confirms that the distribution of public health professionals was still below the expectation. This is because for the 220 million people in the country, only 13585 health care facilities are available.

Agenda 5 of Indonesia’s Millennium Development Goals (MDG), is to improve sanitation services by 2014 (MDG, 2010) Human Niche diversity Theory The Indonesians owing to the diverse culture among them have specialized in utilizing the environment (i. e. , niche). Indonesia’s has population problems that center around population density. Together with the adjacent smaller islands of Bali and Madura, Java accounts for only over 7% of the Indonesia land area, Javenese account for 45% of the major ethnic groups in Indonesia, however, these islands are populated by approximately 135 million inhabitants.

The population of Jakarta district was 10,187,595 as of November 2011. Province of Papua represents 22% of the total land mass, with 1% of the population. The population of the island of Sulawesi was more than 16 million in 2005. Vast areas of Indonesia have incredibly low population levels while the majority populations concentrate around Java and Bali islands. Each people group uses the environment in different ways. Human niche theory explains the complex ethnic interactions and ethnic diversity in a congested regions in Indonesia (Naya, 2010). African Americans

Cultural mores and their effect on public health practices The cultural mores of the African-American culture, in the United States, are distinct and greatly significant to American culture as a whole. The culture of this people group is rooted in the African culture. Though slavery hindered there culture to thrive, most of their cultural values and practices survived and have merged with the American culture. Anthropological field researches conducted by such people as Melville Herskovits have indicated that the culture of this group of people still exists (NASTAD, 2010).

In relation to public health, I will focus on music. The phrase “Lift Every Voice and Sing” is a common among this group of people. Music was and still is a one of the ways the blacks evoke the past struggles and expresses solidarity among them. African American artists have continued to develop new genre besides the current rebirth of the older forms. Musical forms such as soul, rap and modern funk are common among the blacks. Incorporated in this music are the sexual undertones that underpin the culture.

Veterinary Technicians persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help

Technician works as a skilled technical assistant to a veterinarian, or to another biomedical researcher or scientist. Veterinary technicians do not prescribe, diagnose, or perform surgery, and they always work under the supervision of a veterinarian. Thus being said, a veterinary technician career is a natural step for an aspiring veterinarian wanting to test the waters.

Most veterinary technicians find employment in private veterinary practices doing traditional clinic work, but veterinary technician career opportunities are also available in other fields, such as teaching, biomedical research, and zoo wildlife medicine. There are many prerequisites students have to take in order to be evaluated for admittance to a program. Biology, Mathematics, and English are required courses for all programs. Each program has other classes they require, but this varies for each program.

Veterinary Technician Programs generally consist of two years of academic study, resulting in a certificate, diploma, or an Associate of Science degree. Once in the program each student has to complete many classes. Courses required by all programs are: Anatomy and Physiology Lecture and Labs, Pharmacology, Pathology, Radiology, and Nursing Skills. Each program has different requirements as far as clinicals. Many programs have their students do externships basically to go out and experience what their job will be once graduated. In addition, all states have vet tech credentialing regulations (licensing, certification, registration).

Veterinarian technician competency is usually measured by an examination overseen by the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners or other appropriate agencies. Veterinary technician careers often appeal to aspiring veterinarians, who can use their vet tech experience as a stepping-stone toward a veterinarian career. Vet tech careers also appeal to people who love animals but do not want to become veterinarians. This career is may also appeal to you if you are looking for a second career, or a new career, because vet tech programs can be completed in a relatively short amount of time.

Technicians have many different responsibilities. They can administer anesthesia to animals, under the direction of a veterinarian, and monitor animals’ responses to anesthetics so that dosages can be adjusted. Techs care for and monitor the condition of animals recovering from surgery. They get to prepare and administer medications, vaccines, serums, and treatments, as prescribed by veterinarians. Perform laboratory tests on blood, urine, and feces, such as urinalyses and blood counts, to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of animal health problems.

Collect, prepare, and read samples for laboratory testing, culture, or microscopic examination. Techs clean and sterilize instruments, equipment, and materials. Provide veterinarians with the correct equipment and instruments, as needed. Fill prescriptions, measuring medications and labeling containers. Prepare animals for surgery, performing such tasks as shaving surgical areas. Ann Martinez RVT is twenty-one years old and currently works as Head Technician at Animal Care Center in Metairie. Ann’s path started off like most of ours did, she loves animals.

At first she wanted to go into Pre-Veterinary Medicine, but then did some research and found out that Northwestern University had a Veterinary Technology Program and knew that was it! She started off their and loved it, but the program wasn’t intense enough for her. Ann found out about Delgado’s program and was sold. She moved back to New Orleans and started off as part of the Class of 2007. Right after school started Hurricane Katrina came through and displaced all. After struggling for a while to get back, school resumed with only half of the class.

Her class had to become extremely flexible because of this and came out on top. She graduated in May 2007. Shortly after graduating she applied to Animal Care Center and was hired immediately. Ann was nervous because it was her first job out of school, but she fit in greatly at the hospital and her knowledge was much respected. The hospital she works at is part of Delgado’s Program where the students come through and learn. Ann is really happy to be a part of it because she gets to give back to Delgado by teaching the students.

She recently became a faculty member of Delgado, Clinical Coordinator Assistant. She gets to go around to each student during their externship to make sure everything is going smoothly and on track. Ann plans on working in a hospital for a while, but plans on doing Pharmaceutical Sales for Veterinary Medicine companies in the future. She said “I am so happy where I am at in my life and wouldn’t change it for a bit! ” I am lucky and honored to say I work with Ann and she is a fantastic person and a great friend. She has brought a lot to our hospital and everyone is extremely thankful for that.

As stated before, the field of veterinary medicine is in great need of RVT’s. This has opened the door to a whole new career field for RVT’s. RVT’s can be expected to find opportunities in small animal, large animal, exotic animal or mixed animal veterinary clinics or hospital, specialty practices, zoo/wildlife medicine, aquatic facilities, biomedical research facilities, rehabilitation facilities, business and industry, pharmaceutical sales, military, humane societies, veterinary supplies sales, education and the list continues to grow.

Value and Fast Food Customers grad school essay help: grad school essay help

What situation did Skinner inherit when he became CEO? What are the current forces in the external environment that affect Skinner’s ongoing strategy? 2. What source of competitive advantage does McDonald’s have, and is that position supported by its value chain and other internal resources? -Inherit the previous CEO Cantalupo’s turnaround strategy. This strategy referred as the ”Plan to win” tried to target various critical areas that needed to be addressed. -Rapid market fragmentation, which is describing the changes of consumer taste have made once-exotic foods like sushi and burritos everyday options.

Many fast food customers are looking for healthier and better tasting food. Moreover, competitions has been coming from quick meals of all sorts that can be found in supermarkets, convenience stores and vending machines. Demographic – customers now working around theclock, expecting 24 hour access to fast food, how toplease range of customers from kids to contractors? Sociocultural – customers preferences have changed tomore exotic foods, healthier food with better taste Economic – current economic downturn means customers might be trading down to McDonald’s if they ant to eat out Global – boundaries are disappearing, travelers moreopen to global consistency in food offerings – GoldenArches are accepted, and expected, everywhere

2. Cost leadership has been the traditional strategy for thefast- food industry, but McDonald’s kept costs under control in order to achieve parity with competitors -McDonald’s tried to develop a differentiationadvantagewhile keeping costs at a reasonable level -Differentiation requires the creation of something that isperceived industry-wide as unique and valued bycustomers -Differentiation s achieved by a firm configuring its valuechain activities to support its position so customers arewilling to pay a premium for something unique – could McDonald’s do this effectively? Value-Chain Analysis: -Sequential process of value-creating activities -The amount that buyers are willing to pay forwhat a firm provides them -Value is measured by total revenue -Firm is profitable to the extent the value itreceives exceeds the total costs involved increating its product or service Value ChainActivity How does McDonald’s create value? Primary: Inbound logistics: Hard to assess

Operations:  Strived for consistency across the chain, withdiffering results. Refurbishing of restaurants,change in hours may help draw customers. Outbound logistics:  Hard to assess Marketing and sales: Many product innovations failed, $1 menu didn’t go well with franchisees. I’m Loving It campaign was attempt to reach all customers. Service:  Hard to assess Value ChainActivity How does McDonald’s create value? Secondary: Procurement:  Info not available in the case Technology development: Adoption of expensive cooking processesfailed to generate desired results.

Comparison Between Japanese and Malaysian Culture college essay help online: college essay help online

The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents. Urban population was estimated 86. 3 % compare with rural population consist 13. 7 % from the population. Interestingly Japan population probably down to 64 million in 2100 effected from declining birth rate and extending life of age. A major economic power, Japan has the world’s third-largest economy by nominal GDP and fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world’s fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.

Japanese society is linguistically and culturally homogeneous, composed of 98. 5% ethnic Japanese, with small populations of foreign workers. Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. Malaysia is a mega diverse country with a high number of species and high levels of endemism. It is estimated to contain 20 % of the world’s animal species. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in politics.

As of the 2010 census, the population of Malaysia was 28,334,135 making it the 43rd most populated country. The population of Malaysia consists of many ethnic groups. Malays make up 50. 4 % of the population, while other Bumiputra makeup another 11 %. 23. 7 % of the population is of Chinese descent, while those of Indian descent comprise 7. 1 % of the population. Obviously, Japan and Malaysia are two countries that vary in terms of geography, history and demography. Therefore, there would difference between the Malaysian culture and the Japanese culture in terms of beliefs, language, clothing, food and many more.

The following pages will show comparisons of some aspects of Japanese and Malaysian culture. More than 99 percent of the Japanese population speaks Japanese as their first language. Besides Japanese, the Ryukyuan languages, also part of the Japonic language family, are spoken in Okinawa; however, few children learn these languages. The Ainu language, which is unrelated to Japanese or any other known language, is moribund, with only a few elderly native speakers remaining in Hokkaido. Most public and private schools require students to take courses in both Japanese and English.

The Japanese language is written with a combination of three scripts: Chinese characters called kanji and two syllabic (or moraic) scripts of characters, hiragana (used to write native words for which there are no kanji) and katakana (used for transcription of foreign language words into Japanese and the writing of loan words). The Latin script, romaji, is also often used in modern Japanese, especially for company names and logos, advertising, Romanization of Japanese characters, and when entering Japanese text into a computer. Arabic numerals are generally used for numbers, but traditional Sino-Japanese numerals are also common place.

The official language of Malaysia is Bahasa Malaysia, a standardized form of the Malay language. Historically English was the de facto administrative language and remains an active second language. Many other languages are used in Malaysia since Unlike Japan, Malaysia is a multi-racial country. The native tribes of East Malaysia have their own languages which are related to, but easily distinguishable from, Malay. Iban is the main tribal language in Sarawak while Dusunic languages are spoken by the natives in Sabah. Chinese Malaysians predominately speak Chinese dialects from the southern provinces of China.

The more common dialects in the country are Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainanese, and Fuzhou. Tamil is used predominantly by Tamils, who form a majority of Malaysian Indians. Other south Asian languages are also widely spoken in Malaysia, such as Thai. A small number of Malaysians have Caucasian ancestry and speak creoles languages, such as the Portuguese based Malaccan Creoles and the Spanish based Chavacano language. Malay is a member of the Austronesian family of languages and is now written using the Latin script (Rumi), although an Arabic alphabet called Jawi also exists.

Rumi is official in Malaysia. 96 % of the Japanese population subscribe to Buddhism or Shinto, including a large number of followers of a syncretism of both religions. Japan enjoys full religious freedom and minority religions such as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism are practiced. Figures that state 84% to 96% of Japanese adhere to Shinto and Buddhism are not based on self-identification but come primarily from birth records, following a longstanding practice of officially associating a family line with a local Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine.

According to Johnstone (1993:323), 84% of the Japanese claim no personal religion. Nevertheless the level of participation remains high, especially during festivals and occasions such as the first shrine visit of the New Year. Taoism and Confucianism from China have also influenced Japanese beliefs and customs. Beyond the two traditional types of religions, a great variety of popular religious movements exists in modern Japan. These movements are normally lumped together under the name “New Religions”. These religions draw on concepts from Shinto, Buddhism, and folk superstition.

The officially recognized new religions number in the hundreds and total membership is reportedly in the tens of millions. The largest new religion is Soka Gakkai, a Buddhist sect founded in 1930, which has about 10 million members in Japan. Malaysia on the other hand is multicultural and multi confessional. The dominant religion in Malaysia is Islam, whose followers make up 61 per cent of the population. Islam is recognized as the state religion of Malaysia, although the country has a secular constitution. Religion often follows ethnic lines, with most Muslims being Malays.

They believe that there is only one god, Allah, and Prophet Muhammad is Allah’s messenger in guiding the Muslims in this world. The Muslims live by following the five rules in ‘Rukun Islam’ that are the saying of ‘dua kalimah syahadah’, the performs of prayers five times a day, fasting in the month of Ramadhan, paying the ‘zakat’ and they perform of hajj. The country has both civil and Shariah courts, with all Muslims having to follow Shariah laws. The Malays follow the Islamic rules in wedding while the Japanese practice the Shinto wedding. There are similarities and differences between the Malay wedding and the Shinto wedding.

The Malays sometimes held arranged marriage for their children in order to have a tighter bond between two families. Many Malaysian Chinese practice a mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism. The majority of the Indians who make up 7 per cent of Malaysia’s population practice Hinduism. About 10 per cent of the population of Malaysia is Christians, including Malaysian Chinese and Malaysian Indian minorities. The most common denominations are Anglican, Methodist, and Roman Catholic. Most Christians are found in East Malaysia, where GoodFriday is a public holiday in the states of Sabah and Sarawak.

Relations between different religious groups are generally quite tolerant. Christmas, Chinese New Year, and Deepavali have been declared national holidays alongside Islamic holidays. Various groups have been set up to try to promote religious understanding among the different groups, with religious harmony seen as a priority by Malaysian politicians. Japanese cuisine is based on combining staple foods, typically rice or noodles, with a soup and okazu dishes made from fish, meat, vegetable, tofu and the like to add flavor to the staple food.

These are typically flavored with dashi, miso, and soy sauce and are usually low in fat and high in salt. A standard Japanese meal generally consists of several different okazu accompanying a bowl of cooked white Japanese rice (gohan), a bowl of soup and sometsukemono (pickles). The most standard meal comprises three okazu and is termed ichiju-sansai. Different cooking techniques are applied to each of the three okazu; they may be raw (sashimi), grilled, simmered (sometimes called boiled), steamed, deep-fried, vinegared, ordressed. As Japan is an island nation, its people eat a lot of seafood.

Meat-eating has been rareuntil fairly recently due to restrictions of Buddhism. However, strictly vegetarian food is raresince even vegetable dishes are flavored with the ubiquitous dashi stock, usually made with katsuobushi (dried skipjack tuna flakes). An exception is shojin ryori, vegetarian dishes developed by Buddhist monks. Noodles are an essential part of Japanese cuisine usually as an alternative to a rice-based meal. Soba (thin, grayish-brown noodles containing buck wheat flour) and udon (thick wheat noodles) are the main traditional noodles and are served hot orcold with soy-dashi flavorings.

Chinese-style wheat noodles served in a meat stock broth known as ramen have become extremely popular over the last century. Malaysian cuisine reflects the multicultural aspects of Malaysia. Various ethnic groups in Malaysia have their own dishes, but many dishes in Malaysia are derived from multiple ethnic influences. Food preparation differs from place to place, although many of the foods used are alike. Spices, aromatic herbs and roots are all used in Malaysian cuisine. Like Japan, rice tends to be a staple food in Malaysia as in most countries in the region.

The rice eaten in Malaysia tends to be the local variety of rice or fragrant rice from Thailand, its northern neighbour. Quality Indian basmati is used in biryani dishes due to its long grained shape, fragrance and delicate flavour. Japanese short grain rice and others are slowly entering the Malaysian diet as Malaysians expand their culinary tastes to new areas. Noodles such as bi hoon, kuay teow, yellow noodles, ho fun and mee suah are popular food, particularly in Malaysian Chinese cuisine, but used by other groups as well.

Malay cuisine bears many similarities to Indonesian cuisine, in particular some of the regional traditions from Sumatra. Many Malay dishes revolve around a Rempah which is made by grinding up fresh and/or dried spices and herbs to create a spice paste which is then sauteed in oil to bring out the aromas. Malaysian Indian cuisine of the ethnic Indians in Malaysia is similar to its roots in India. This cuisine consists of curries which use a lot of spices, coconut milk, and curry leaves.

Malaysian Chinese food is derived from mainland southern Chinese cuisine such as Fujian cuisine and Hakka cuisine but has been influenced by local ingredients and dishes from other cultures though it remains distinctly Chinese. Most Chinese meals have pork as their sub-ingredient, but due to the popularity and unique taste of the actual food, there are chicken options available for the local Malays (most Malays are Muslims). Nyonya food was developed by the Nyonya (Straits Chinese) and Peranakan (mixed Chinese/Malay ancestry) people of Malaysia and Singapore.

It uses mainly Chinese ingredients but blends them with South-East Asian spices such as coconut milk, lemon grass, turmeric, screwpine leaves, chillies and sambal. It can be considered as a blend of Chinese and Malay cooking with some Thai influence. Single Woman’sMan FormalMarried Woman’sBridal Kimono In modern Japan you have western clothing (yofuku), and Japanese clothing (wafuku). The various traditional ethnic garments worn in Japan are still in use, they are mainly worn for ceremonies and special occasions- like weddings, funerals, coming-of-age ceremonies (seijin shiki), and festivals.

Western clothing is worn more often in day to day life. The Japanese clothing consisted entirely of a great variety of kimono, the first of which appeared in the Jomon period, with no distinction between male and female. Japanese kimonos are literally wrapped around the body, sometimes in several layers, and they are secured in place by sashes with a wide obi to complete the human parcel. The furisode kimono is worn by single women; it’s usually bought for the coming-of-age ceremony but is also used for large social functions such as weddings and tea ceremonies.

The uchikake kimono is worn on a girl’s wedding day; it is all white and very long. The houmongi kimono takes the place of the furisode once a woman is married and is usually made of solid colored fabrics. The yukata kimono is a light cotton kimono worn during the summer and at festivals. The tomesode kimono is only worn to a close relatives wedding, never at a friend’s wedding. The mofuku kimono is all black and worn to funerals, showing respect for the person who has passed away. You also have the hadjuban which is a white kimono like undergarment that is worn under all of the kimonos.

Boys wear western suits for their coming-of-age ceremony, job interviews, work, weddings, and funerals, though the Japanese etiquette and rules of formality require the proper dress with great attention to detail, such as wearing a white tie to attend a wedding and a black tie, with the same black suit, to a funeral. Since Malaysia comprises three major cultures: Malay, Chinese and Indian, each culture has its own traditional and religious articles of clothing all of which are gender specific and may be adapted to local influences and conditions.

Traditional Malay attire is the “baju melayu”, a loose tunic which is worn over trousers and usually accompanied with a “sampin”, which is a sarong which is wrapped around a man’s hips. It is also often accompanied with a songkok or cap, on their head. Traditional clothing for men in Malaysia consists of a silk or cotton skirt and shirt with as carf like piece of cloth tied around his waist. This scarf is sewn together at the ends and is traditionally called a sarong or a kain. Most of the clothing is made up of bright and bold colors. The man also wears a religious hat. Malay women wear the baju kurung, a nee-length blouse worn over a long skirt. Usually a scarf or shawl is worn with this. Prior to the wide embrace of Islam, Malay women wore “kemban”, which were sarongs which were tied just above the chest. The classical everyday clothing for men in Malaysia is a short sleeved shirt worn outside the trousers, light-weight trousers and informally, sandals for comfort. The Chinese women wear the cheongsam, a one-piece dress with a high collar, diagonally closed with small clips or toggles (fabric clasps). It sometimes can have slits at the side, as is made with a soft fabric such as silk.

The cheongsam is especially popular around the time of the Chinese New Year and other formal gatherings. Older well-respected women wear a samfoo, which looks like pajamas with a separate loose fitting top fastened by toggles and ankle length, or above the ankle, pants. Indians in Malaysia as with elsewhere in the world wear sarees, a cloth of 5-6 yards which is usually worn with a petticoat of a similar shade. It is wrapped around the body so that the embroidered end hangs over the shoulder, while the petticoat is worn above the bellybutton to support the saree, which can be made from a wide variety of materials.

The Punjabi Salwar kameez is popular with women from northern India, and is a long tunic worn over trousers with a matching shawl. The fabric imported from India, made of the best quality silk is used in making saris. In formal occasions Indian men wear the “kurta”, a knee-length shirt usually made from cotton or linen. The Indian men wear Jippa, Sherwani, Lungi (short length of material worn around the thighs rather like a sarong), and Dhoti (the only drape that doesn’t start from one pallav but from the centre of the upper border with the middle of the cloth is tied around the hips.

Each end of the cloth is then draped around the leg on its side). The Sherwani: a coat like garment fitted close to the body, of knee-length or longer and opening in front with button-fastenings. Business culture in Japan Relationships drive business in Japan. Without the right depth of relationships with the right people, it can be very difficult to achieve anything. At the beginning proposal, we have experience when make an appointment with university and Japan companies. Communication very hard and need a proper planning.

At Japan we practice bowing as a showing politeness and respect. It is important to show respect appropriately. Age brings its own dignity and should be respected. It is probable, therefore, that more will be achieved with a delegation that contains some older members. When deal with Japanese, we try to be polite and diplomatic at all times. We never show irritation, annoyance or impatience. These negative emotions could put a strain on the development of the relationship. Here’s a listing of lessons we can learn from our visiting in Japan. 1. Business card gives and changers

A meeting in Japan starts with a formal and highly ceremonious exchange of business cards, a ritual referred to as meishi kokan. When receiving a card, a businessman takes it with both hands, reads it over carefully, repeats the printed information aloud, and then places it in a cardholder or on the table in front of him, referring to it in conversation when needed. He never drops it in his pocket. That is considered disrespectful. 2. Be politeness and patient It’s customary in a meeting in Japan to always direct one’s initial comments to the highest-ranking person present.

One never disagrees with him and always gives him his due attention. When bowing in the standard Japanese greeting, one should always bow deepest to the most senior man. 3. Morning meeting and exercise Many Japanese businesses start their day off with a morning meeting, where workers line up and chant the company’s slogans as a way of inspiring motivation and loyalty, and as a means of keeping the company’s goals fresh in their minds. Most of the Japan factorys at Malaysia practise this morning meeting and exercise. 4. Life for work hard and leisure time.

After a day of grueling negotiations, Japanese workers are ready to cut loose — way loose. Barhopping after work is a common, if not expected, tradition. If the workplace is stiff and ceremonial, the bar is where Japanese businessmen release the inner beast. A perennial favorite is the karaoke bar, where everyone is expected to sing along, even if they can’t carry a tune. Besides being a place to balance work with fun, nightspots are where coworkers bond and share information, reinforcing affiliation with a team. 5. Working behavior

The Japanese have an almost religious respect for the workplace. Humor is seldom used, except for light banter during breaks. There is hardly any physical touching among coworkers, and definitely no backslapping. 6. Communication, connection and endorsement Communication is very important in Japan, and often mentioned as a prelude to negotiations. It’s common for businessmen in Japan to arrange meetings with high-ranking executives solely to request their endorsement. The Japanese feel an obligation to be loyal to the endorsement of a well-respected peer.

A Customer-Centric Approach to Innovation write essay help: write essay help

Dell had long been an Intel-only shop. Landing Dell as a customer was the culmination of a four-year effort that AMD had codenamed Project MAID. Sunnyvale, California-based AMD designed and manufactured microprocessors for the computing, communications, and consumer electronics markets. With roughly 10,000 employees, the semiconductor company had 2005 revenues of $5. 8 billion, a 17% increase over 2004. The 2003 launch of Opteron and the company’s AMD64 technology ushered in a new chapter in AMD’s history.

Traditionally, AMD had been a distant follower to Intel, which had a dominant position in microprocessors for the server and personal computer (PC) markets. However, Intel’s dominance was eroding as Opteron gained acceptance and AMD focused on “customer-centric innovation” under Ruiz, who was appointed CEO in 2002. Driven by Opteron’s success, AMD’s unit share in servers for the second quarter of 2006 rose to 26%, up from 11% in Q2 of 2005. 1 The top four computer-makers that sold the vast majority of servers—Hewlett-Packard (HP), Sun Microsystems (Sun), IBM, and Dell—now offered at least one Opteron-based server.

Furthermore, AMD’s presence in the lucrative corporate segment was growing: 90% of the top 100 Forbes Global 2000 were using AMD64 technology by the end of 2005. 2 And, AMD reported higher margins than Intel in the first quarter of 2006. AMD also felt it had built enough credibility to lead the industry in new directions. The company had recently launched a marketing initiative called the “Power Campaign” to focus the industry on the importance of energy efficiency and systems designed to maximize performance at the minimum power consumption.

Accordingly, AMD was leading an effort to use “performance-per-watt”—in which it held an advantage—as the best benchmark to compare competing microprocessors. Yet, Ruiz saw challenges that could pose a threat to sustainable growth for AMD. Intel’s dominant market position could limit AMD’s ability to make inroads into key market segments beyond servers, such as corporate desktops and notebooks. Furthermore, Intel had just announced its “roadmap to recovery” that included a new line of microprocessors that balanced performance, power consumption, and cost.

perating system had to be compatible with the microprocessor and affected how well the processor performed its tasks. A Second Source for Intel

In 1981, IBM transformed the personal computer industry when it launched the IBM PC with the Intel 8088, a 16-bit processor conforming to Intel’s newly developed x86 microprocessor architecture. Hoping to achieve rapid penetration, IBM adopted an open standard to encourage software developers to design applications for the IBM PC. As the market exploded, IBM required Intel to license its patents to other chip suppliers to ensure a reliable supply of microprocessors and to spur price competition and innovation.

In 1982, AMD became a licensed second-source for Intel’s x86 family of processors, originally named because the earliest processors—excluding the 8088—had model numbers ending in “86. ” AMD later manufactured Intel’s 80286 (286) in 1986, but relations grew strained as the two companies disagreed over the cross-licensing agreement. AMD pursued arbitration in 1987 to gain access to Intel’s design for its next-generation processor the 80386 (386), a 32-bit processor. In 1992, the arbitrator awarded AMD more than $10 million in compensation and a permanent, royalty-free license to the 386.

AMD released the Am386 in 1991 and Am486 in 1993, low-priced clones of Intel’s 386 and 80486 (486) processors. In 1995, the two companies reached an agreement that recognized AMD’s rights to Intel’s microcode—the software code inside the processor—for the 386 and 486. However, AMD agreed it would not use Intel’s microcode beyond the 486 processor. Furthermore, AMD was prohibited from using Intel’s next-generation technology for connecting the CPU to the computer’s memory and other components, and the companies’ product development paths diverged. The “K” Series

How to Plan a Successful Trip essay help app: essay help app

How to plan a successful trip A trip is an energizer which stimulates us from the stress of daily life. The more our stress levels increase, the more interests and purposes of traveling are diversifying, and the importance of traveling is also growing bigger and bigger. Also, the developments of communication and transportation enable people to get a variety of information about other countries and have various chances to go abroad easier. So, how can you efficiently plan a trip that fits your purpose and avoid missing what you really want to see? The value of careful planning helps a traveler avoid foolish mistakes.

The experienced traveler uses planning time to establish several aspects of the trip. Making a wise plan for a vacation trip will ensure you to have an unforgettable experience. By doing these following tasks in advance, you will be more likely to have a successful trip: figure out the purpose of a trip, set priorities of places, decide a destination and period of a trip, establish a budget, gather information, and make a schedule with the flow of human traffic line. There are some materials you can use to achieve a successful trip; for instance, clothes, a map, money, and your personal documents.

It will be also very helpful for you during your vacation trip, if you take some medicines in case of emergency. Moreover, you need knowledge and skills such as online research and advanced reservation. This is a really important part because all the information no matter what you research influences your whole vacation trip. In addition, the more knowledgeable you become about your trip details, the more money and time you will save. The first step, it is important to know the purpose of your trip before planning any trip.

This may sound obvious, but it is crucial for a successfully planned vacation. According to an article of the tourist industry that I read, there are four main reasons people travel. The first reason travel is to gain health: they may have an illness that can be treated more efficiently in other countries. The second reason is to enjoy leisure time: most modern people need a break from stressful work. So, many people take a trip to break away from everyday routine. The third reason is to learn about other cultures, and the last reason is to gather information.

Most people are more likely to travel to gather information. The second step, after figuring out and determining the purpose of the trip, is to set priorities of places you are interested in. Each place around the world has a plenty of different tourist attractions and a particular atmosphere. It might be hard to set priorities among beautiful places. However, that might be the real charm of preparation of trip because it is a chance to let you know and see a variety of beauty around the world. When you make a list of the places you are interested in, you are ready for the next step.

For the third step, you should decide the most suitable destination and the time period of travel. When you are in this process, first of all, you should pay close attention to the local weather news. A well planned vacation can be easily ruined by a storm; heavy rain or extremely hot weather. Then, you can check the particular characteristics of each place because all the places have a various atmosphere. For example, some places are well known as historical places, while some places are well known as artistic places. Lastly, you need to pay attention to the political and social issues.

The fourth step is establishing a budget. A budget is the most important thing because all situations during vacation trips can be affected and changed depending on budget. When you are in this process, you need to check the local prices because this can help you establish a budget for the travel. In addition, you should compare the prices and options of all the companies when you make reservations for hotel, car and so on. The more you compare cautiously, the more you will be able to get a bunch of benefits. Above all things, you should be prepared for unforeseen occurrence in order to avoid unnecessary expenses.

So, it is better for you to establish a generous budget rather than a tight budget. The fifth step, after choosing the destination and a budget, is to gather all information about the destination, and figure out the local situation. Due to the fact that we are unfamiliar with the place, it is important to research the destination instead of quickly reserving plane tickets and traveling. What you have to be sure to remember is that the lack of information can ruin your whole vacation trip. It is not too much to say that the degree of our satisfaction about a trip is contingent upon being adequately informed before traveling.

In this process, you need to search not only the famous tourist spots where you should visit, but also the places where you should be cautious. All the places around the world have specific dangerous areas. So, you need to take special precautions when venturing out because it is not uncommon for thieves to target tourists. Here are some tips: tourists should not wear excessive amounts of jewelry and should carry a minimal amount of money. Next, dressing similar to locals can also improve your chances of not being targeted as an unprepared tourist.

In addition, instead of bringing a wallet, secure all money and valuables where thieves are less likely to look, such as in a zipped-up pocket. Finally, avoid wearing valuables that can be ripped off or easily removed. When you research the tourist attractions, it is helpful to search for particular events. Added to that, there are some ways to get discounts or coupons for bus pass, restaurant and admission fees to famous places. Lastly, you should recognize particular details such as holidays of the tourist attractions, local conflicts and the acts which are prohibited by law.

Being aware of the laws is a really important aspect of a vacation overseas. Finally, you should arrange an effective route for each day of whole trip by considering the flow of human traffic in mind and figuring out the exact location. The route shouldn’t be too hard on your body. You should map your route from one place to another, taking into consideration time and other limiting factors: first of all, you need to sort the places, which you found, according to the close location among them. Then, you need to calculate how many places you can visit among them by departure time standard.

For instance, if you stay museum for an hour, you check schedule and the method to move from museum to another place. In case you arrive to the airport, you also need to know how to get to destination from the airport, what transportation is the most effective to use. In conclusion, preparing for trip is a hard process. It sometimes takes long time, and causes extreme pressure. However, in the end, it is a very rewarding job. “At least a trip will bring you the three benefits: the first benefit is vast knowledge about other countries, the second benefit is an attachment to hometown, and the last benefit is self-discovery. said Bhagwan. A trip is not an escape forever from daily life but a pathway to meet renewed me. Additionally, it makes you get back to daily life with a full charged energy and broadened mental vision. Therefore, when you follow these all steps: figure out the purpose, set priorities of places, decide a destination and period of a trip, establish a budget, gather information, and make a schedule with the flow of traffic line, you are ready for having an adventure that greatly influences on your life.

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