Alternatively the rest of the tale is written in the third person, and as such allows the reader to form his or her own opinion on whether we can still learn from the past or whether it is too far away. Whilst the story is technically Tennyson’s, it is not from his perspective. It adds a more story-like feel to the poem to show us that his poem is only an adaption of the original story. Tennyson also uses direct speech, which breathes some life into the characters of the story and makes them seem more like real people.
Often in myths and legends we forget that the people in them are actually real. Also allows the reader to sympathise more with Godiva’s cause as we can actually hear exactly what she thinks and says to the Earl. Justifies her trip through Coventry in the nude. Tennyson deliberately uses archaic language that is out dated and old fashioned even in Victorian times. Words such as ‘blade’ and ‘ay, ay, ay’ are good examples of this blatant archaism. The archaic language places the time period of the poem distinctly in the past and separates it clearly from modern times in which Tennyson is writing.
It also displays certain nostalgia for the past and the stories of English myth and legends on Tennyson’s part. It also shows that there are still things we can learn from the past, even in an age of discovery like the industrial revolution. Archaic language is contrasted to language of modern times such as ‘the flying of the wheel’ (the train), to demonstrate that even though we have moved on drastically in terms of technology, morality and the human mind itself hasn’t progressed at all and we can still relate back to the issue of the past with ease.
The way in which Godiva is presented whilst she undresses is also very interesting. Tennyson builds up a sense of anticipation through the use of the word ‘unclasp’d’ and then covers Godiva and is very discreet in his description. She removes the Earl from herself symbolically by unclasping the belt (a gift from the Earl). She remains ‘half dipt in cloud’, almost as if some kind of magic is covering he and keeping her decent. She sneaks from ‘pillar to pillar’; even the house itself is trying to cover her up. Time slows down during this section; every detail is mentioned.
Tennyson wants us to linger over the thought of Godiva’s sensual loveliness, yet simultaneously denies us any clear view of her. The use of sibilance is also important; it sounds almost as if she is sneaking around, especially in the use of ‘slid’. This makes her seem ashamed and also a bit sneaky as she tries to slip out unnoticed. Pathetic fallacy is used throughout Godiva’s naked streak through the town. The ‘low wind hardly breathed for fear’ which shows that her display of nakedness is so shocking and surprising that even the wind itself is gasping.
It also encourages the reader to hold their breath in exception. Sensory imager is used in which silence is used to great effect within Godiva, to make us wonder and be in awe of Godiva undressing and parading through the town. The whole poem makes the reader stop and think about what is happening, as everything is so silent. There are contrasts between noise and silence, such as the exclamatory speech of Godiva and the Earl in comparison to the serenity displayed whilst Godiva is undressing.
There are a number of semantic fields within the poem (religion, nature, wealth and purity). The use of words such as ‘sunbeam’ emphasise the natural beauty of Godiva as nothing is more natural that the sun itself. She rides forth ‘clothed with chastity’ and her pureness of heart and character is enough to cover her even in the absence of clothing. Dynamic movement is also used as a language technique throughout the poem as Godiva is forever moving in the poem, whether it be undressing or when she rides through the town.
Unlike the poem ‘Mariana’ in which Marian remains static, Godiva is seemingly always doing something. This emphasises her proactivity and makes the poem exciting. The farming device shows us that the story in indeed a legend rather than a story fabricated by Tennyson and that there may still be some truth in it. The poem is written chronologically and from a clear problem to a clear solution. In conclusion, Tennyson uses many literary devices to portray the nature and attitudes of Godiva.
Benefit of Plastic Surgery extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology
It is said that the first impression is the last impression. Every person strives for his appealing first impression. However not every person born with magnetic,impressive personality. Some people are born with certain congenital abnormalities, especially related to face. Some people are unhappy with abnormal shape of nose,chin,lips or eyelids. However, there is a unique, magical way to get rid of these problem, which is known as plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery.
Plastic surgery can be done with various body parts such as eyelids, eyebrows, face, chin, hair, hips, belly and due to the amazing gains from a plastic surgery, it is gaining widespread popularity among common people other than celebrities. Physical benefits of this treatment are multi-faceted. Many people notice more proportional or balanced body parts after surgery. Plastic surgery focuses on offering most natural look to body. Due to improved looks, person may feel more comfortable and confident.
By fixing body issues, patients have greater confidence in themselves. Patients who like their body have a higher self-confidence. Social confidence leads to the person making contact with others, which is a very positive effect of plastic surgery. Plastic surgery can help people live happier, more productive lives. By raising a person’s self esteem, and by making them more confident, they are more likely to take chances they wouldn’t otherwise take.
Whether that’s applying for a job, taking a class or going for a swim, plastic surgery can give them the confidence to go out and try something they wouldn’t have otherwise. Cosmetic surgery can help you take charge of your appearance. Maintaining a youthful appearance requires a lot of hard work, and sometimes your diet, exercise and commitment to a healthy lifestyle just aren’t enough. Cosmetic surgery procedures can help you take charge of your appearance so you enjoy a youthful look at any age.
War Is Not a Game best college essay help: best college essay help
War Is Not a Game Etgar Keret’s “Not Human Beings” is the story of Schmulik Stein, a soldier who is young and jaded by the realities of death and violence. As an officer during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he is forced to recognize the serious nature of conflict he is involved in when he is recruited to go with Israeli border patrol officers. He is then put to the greatest test of all, to dehumanize, stand his ground and witness things he may never be able to forget. At the end of the story Stein realizes that this is no longer a game but life and death.
Keret suggests that while some people are exposed to the atrocities of war become demonized by it; others remain intact with their humanity but can ultimately become lost individuals due to the trauma. While the Israeli border patrol officers refer to certain races as not human beings shows their lack of respect toward the human race, it is fair to say they have been demonized. Stein, however, deplores the depreciating value of human life and is beaten by fellow officers for objecting to the cruel treatment of an old Arab man. Violence unfolds before his eyes, watching as a man is destroyed as if he were not a man at all.
Rather than admitting what is happening in front of him, Stein pictures things from a different perspective. Taking what one of the officers stated and using it, he views the Arab man as an object instead of a human being. This is what ultimately helps him cope mentally, with the situation in his own way. In the beginning of the story is a young man who is merely more concerned with his backgammon game than the war that is at hand. He is in the beginning portrayed as an ignorant and impatient man, naive to the fact that he is in fact in the middle of war.
As he so simply states to his comrade “If you don’t shoot the dice, I’ll go to the personnel officer right now and ask him to send me. Maybe with those guys. I’ll at least be able to finish a game. ” (755) When driving into the city with the four patrol officers, he watches as one of the officers (the mute) hits an Arab bystander walking down the street, the other officers laughing and not concerned for the man at all. “You ran him over on purpose, you psycho, you ran over a human being on purpose” (757) He asked furiously. While this victim lies on the floor the officers bring another Arab and begin beating him. Enough” (757) Stein protested. As others continued their beatings and Stein being prevented from helping either of the men, they try to justify their reasons “they might look like us on the outside, but they’re not. ” (757) They stand one of the Arabs men up to show Stein exactly what they meant, Stein attempts to move toward the man but is hit over the head by the mute with his truncheon and forced to watch as they cut the man across his “trembling stomach” (758) Watching candy, phones, coins and other objects fall from the man, Stein faints.
He wakes under a tent in a bed slowly gets up and he grabs a knife with a broken compass and follows the “phosphorescent needle” not knowing where it leads. By the end of the story is seems that he has had no other option than to realize that this is all more than a backgammon game, it’s no game at all. For this Stein is a dynamic character, he transitions from an inexperienced boy to a man who has seen men being murdered in front of his face and yet at the same time did not join in and think it was right.
Etgar Keret uses third person limited omniscient which allows his readers to have an indirect access to Stein’s feelings with an exception of the beginning of the story when leaving with the patrol officers he thinks “It’s not so bad. Only a week. ” Concentrating on Stein the entire story his actions and words give the reader the opportunity to form their own emotional responses to the events. Being able to feel what Stein is feeling although not physically but mentally, it’s as if the reader is watching the story unfold in front of your own eyes.
At the end of the story, for a moment Stein too is guilty of dehumanizing the old Arab, when he pictures the man as an object rather than seeing the reality of the brutality he imagines things that are unrealistic, as do the officers when referring to the man’s insides “Don’t touch the candy. It’s poisoned. ”(758) Had Keret used first person, the reader would be more in sync with what the narrator felt which would have manipulated the story and would not have allowed the reader to create their own ideas or emotions, it would have been the main character telling the reader how they felt.
Waste and Frugality essay help for free: essay help for free
As a result, a higher living standard and much more recreational activities are available to Chinese people. So the youth can own more pocket money and enjoy a more colorful life than elder generation. However, it is not uncommon to see students purchasing luxurious commodities merely because of vanity and discarding necessities just because they are out-dated. So the value of frugality is more important than ever, youth should learn the meaning of frugality just like their elder generation.
People should know the importance of frugality, because the world is short of the energy today. In Africa, there are some people have to walk more than ten mile to get a little water that can save their whole family. That also happened in the southwest of China. However, some young people even don’t bother to stretch one finger to turn off the taps or lights. They lack of empathy, because they can’t imagine that there are some people even don’t have a light or water to use. What is worse, lots of youth seem to have been accustomed to such behavior and never feel guilty.
So frugality should be pass down, people should not waste water. Save the world, save yourself. Today, environment problem is one of the major issues in China. So the value of frugality is reflected so importantly. No country in history has emerged as a major industrial power without creating a legacy of environmental damage that can take decades and big dollops of public wealth to undo. With the faster speed and scale of China’s rise, the pollution problem has became very serious.
Environmental degradation is now so severe, with such stark domestic. Youth should know this current situation. Urban house refuse is a big part of pollution, and extravagance and waste can make this worse. Frugality is a good traditional value in China, via which we once built a great oriental civilization. It is a important time to advocate frugality now. Parents should teach their child about this value, it is good for everyone and world. As an old saying goes, “Industry is fortune’s right hand, and frugality her right. One can never make a fortune without frugality. Similarly, a country can never go into prosperity without frugality. Hence, as the young generation, people should know the garbage classification, and what kinds of trash can be recycled. It is good for the environment. And also can help ourselves. We should always bear this in mind: a lot of people are still drowned in poverty. Because of many reasons, frugality is the most important values that should be passed down to today’s youth.
Head Boy Speach admission college essay help: admission college essay help
Hi, I am l some of you may notice that this is in fact my second speech to you, last year I ran for head boy, and you did not vote me in. In hindsight it was the right decision, Liam has done some good work over the last year, most notably the Red nose day fund raisers and also the sixth former for a day scheme, both of which I will continue if you elect me to the post of head boy. Now, I could stand here and make promises of discos, concerts and other things to be handed to you.
You are not small children to be offered promises like this to secure votes, because you know as well as I do that if I promise you these things I can not deliver them. Looking around I know the vast majority of faces here and over the past few years I have watched you grow, and I am proud to know you. This school is made by people like us, it is what makes us unique and it is what makes me passionate.
I want this place to be as good as it can be and with your help it will be. I am a very practical person as I know a lot of you are, we realize that no matter how much we ask, is not going to abolish school uniform. But we are also dreamers, practical dreamers we know there are something that can not be achieved now, but we dream and work for the day they can be achieved. I will not give you a better school but together we will make it better.
Blades Case free college essay help: free college essay help
Currently, approximately $15 million, or 10 percent, of Blades’ sales are contributed by its sales in Thailand. Only about 4 percent of Blades’ cost of goods sold is attributable to rubber and plastic imported from Thailand. Blades faces little competition in Thailand from other UK roller blades manufacturers. Those competitors that export roller blades to Thailand invoice their exports in British pounds. Currently, Blades follows a policy of invoicing in Thai baht (Thailand’s currency).
Ben Holt felt that this strategy would give Blades a competitive advantage, since Thai importers can plan more easily when they do not have to worry about paying differing amounts due to currency fluctuations. Furthermore, Blades’ primary customer in Thailand (a retail store) has committed itself to purchasing a certain amount of “Speedos” annually if Blades will invoice in baht for a period of three years. Blades’ purchases of components from Thai exporters are currently invoiced in Thai baht.
Ben Holt is rather content with current arrangements and believes the lack of competitors in Thailand, the quality of Blades’ products, and its approach to pricing will ensure Blades’ position in the Thai roller blade market in the future. Holt also feels that Thai importers will prefer Blades over its competitors because Blades invoices in Thai baht. As Blades’ financial analyst, you have doubts as to Blades’ “guaranteed” future success.
Although you believe Blades’ strategy for its Thai sales and imports is sound, you are concerned about current expectations for the Thai economy. Current forecasts indicate a high level of anticipated inflation, a decreasing level of national income, and a continued depreciation of the Thai baht. In your opinion, all of these future developments could affect Blades financially given the company’s current arrangements with its suppliers and with the Thai importers.
Both Thai consumers and firms might adjust their spending habits should certain developments occur. In the past, you have had difficulty convincing Ben Holt that problems could arise in Thailand. Consequently, you have developed a list of questions for yourself, which you plan to present to the company’s CFO after you have answered them. Your questions are listed below 1. How could a higher level of inflation in Thailand affect Blades (assume UK inflation remains constant)? 2.
How could competition from firms in Thailand and from UK and European firms conducting business in Thailand affect Blades? 3. How could a decreasing level of national income in Thailand affect Blades? 4. How could a continued depreciation of the Thai baht affect Blades? How would it affect Blades relative to UK exporters invoicing their roller blades in British pounds? 5. If Blades increases its business in Thailand and experiences serious financial problems, are there any international agencies that the company could approach for loans or other financial assistance?
Busen Burner essay help app: essay help app
Bunsen Burner Erin Hillman August 30, 2010/5th period Biology Bunsen Burner Introduction: One of the most efficient ways to heat materials is by a Bunsen Burner. Bunsen Burners are made in a variety of different shapes and sizes. Hypothesis: In this lab my class learned the most efficient and safest way to use a Bunsen Burner. Materials: The materials used were; safety goggles, safety apron, ring stand, Bunsen Burner, flame striker, gas, wire gauze, a beaker, beaker tongs and 100 mL of water.
Methods: 1. Put safety goggles and safety apron on. And tie all lose articles and hair back. 2. Hook the Bunsen Burner to the gas and turn the gas on. 3. Use a flame striker or a match to light the Bunsen Burner. 4. Adjust the gas and the burner to the needed flame height. 5. Put the wire gauze on the iron ring. 6. Fill the beaker to 100 mL. 7. Put the beaker on the wire gauze.
8. Wait for the water to boil. Results: Data table: Height above burner (cm)| Time to boil| | 5 minutes| 8| 7 minutes| 1. What would happen if the air intake openings were very small? The flame would be very tall. 2. Why is it necessary to know how to adjust the flow rates of the air and gas when using a Bunsen Burner? So you can get a hotter flame. Discussion and Conclusion: In the experiment we learned how to use a Bunsen Burner, we learned how to light it and adjust the flame and gas. Our lad was succeeded successfully.
Early Christian Practical Issues essay help writing: essay help writing
Paul believes that sharing grievances with “unrighteous people” was like giving God a black eye (Krell, 1995). Legal battles were held in pagan courts and treated like entertainment or business transactions. 6. The Problem of Fornication ~ (1 Cor. 6:15-20) Paul admonishes men to stay away from prostitutes for lying with a prostitute is paramount to the flesh of both becoming one. Sexual immorality is a direct sin against God and it is impossible to honor God completely if you have shared your body with an unholy person. 7. The Problem of Marriage and Divorce ~ (1 Cor. :1-16) Many Christians in the Corinth Church believed that marriage was an “absolute duty”. Others felt marriage was a concession of the flesh. Paul attempted to set the record straight by setting the rules that there was no sexual immorality in marriage between a husband and a wife as long as they both agreed. On the subject of divorce, Paul wrote that married couples should not divorce, “unless the unbeliever does not want to stay married” for doing so would cause the house to become un-peaceful (v. 15-16). 8. The Problem of Meats Offered to Idols ~ (1 Cor. 8:1-13)
Paul found that some believers felt that by eating meat they had a weak conscience because it had been defiled by the idols (Krell, 1995). Paul tried to show his followers that it was safe to eat with a clear conscience by eating meat himself. Through this lesson Paul was also trying to teach that “love was more important than freedom (8:1-6) and that “knowledge can make us arrogant, but love edifies” (Krell, 1995). With these sayings Paul was giving permission for people to put their pride aside, remember that there is no such thing as idols and that there is only one true and loving God” (Krell, 1995). . The Problem of the Role Men and Women Should Have in Christ’s Church ~ (1 Cor. 11:1-17) When Paul first addressed the Corinthians he told them to imitate him and to “hold firmly to traditions” (v. 2). One of the traditions in Corinth was for women to have their head covered. This was a cultural custom that Paul initially commends as a symbolic gesture (Kinchen, 2012). Paul also teaches that wives should submit to their husbands and husbands submit to the Lord. 10. The Problem of Abusing the Lord’s Supper ~ (1 Cor. 11:20-34)
Around the time of the Lord’s Supper, the Church of Corinth was in a problematic state and Paul was instructing that any “unrepentant” people should not partake in Passover. 11. The Problem of Spiritual Gifts ~ (1 Cor. 12:1-31) Paul tried to teach that the Spiritual Gift was as essential as each part of the body (Deffinbaugh, 1995). They are not meant to benefit the individual but the whole. A spiritual gift allows us to function for the body, so each Spiritual Gift should correlate with the Scripture (Deffinbaugh, 1995). 12. The Problem of a Lack of Love ~ (1 Cor. 13:1-13)
Paul finds that the Corinthian’s have become so caught up in certain spiritual gifts that they have, perhaps, unconsciously abandoned true love (Deffinbaugh, 1995). 13. The Problem of Speaking in Tongues ~ (1 Cor. 14:1-40) Tongues are words of praise directed towards God as a means of worship. Person speaking in tongues has fallen short of the communicative ability we desire with God (Daniels, 1977). Speaking in tongues causes a person to lose any and all sense of intellectual thought processes and the sounds that emit from the body are pure emotion without vocabulary (Daniels, 1977).
Quite commonly, the person praying in tongues has no recollection of what they are praying, but can feel the prayer from the heart reaching to the Lord and the Spirit interceding in exchange. 14. The Problem of Wrong Teaching about the Resurrection of the Dead ~ (1 Cor. 15:1-58) Paul questions the people of Corinth regarding the resurrection of Christ. He asks why they are in church and how they can call themselves Christians if they do not believe in the resurrection (Daniels, 1977). 15. The Problem of Collecting for the Saints ~ (1 Cor. 16:1-3)
Aldi Case high school essay help: high school essay help
Aldi is a Germany-based hard discounter that has unique business practices. They use a lean approach to its business operations to offer its customers quality products at competitive prices. They concentrate on purchasing power; carrying only the most frequently purchased grocery and household items, of which most are ALDI select brands. As a result, they get the lowest prices from our suppliers and pass the savings on to the customers. They update operations eliminating every feature that increases cost and prices. II. Objectives and Scope Our group was given a task to do the case study analysis on Aldi.
We need to find out how Aldi’s strategy leads to competitive advantage and how they achieve this strategy. We also need to find out whether Aldi’s low-cost strategy implies that they offer low quality products and why quality is important regardless of competitive strategy. For us to answer these questions, we will use different tools and techniques that are discussed in the class like the lean production. III. Methods/Approach Our group did group discussions through the use of social media. While we were discussing about the case, we were simultaneously doing our case study report through the use of google docs.
We basically used the internet for reference. We Identified Aldi’s competitive advantage by identifying their Differentiation, Cost leadership and Response IV. Analysis and Discussion Aldi has competitive advantage by incorporating the lean approach to its business operations. Lean production is about getting more from less. The lean productions objective is to reduce the number of resources used in offering goods and services for consumers and it is about making the organisation more efficient. Lean production involves reducing cost and using less labour, materials, space and time by eliminating waste.
For Aldi, lean production is not just about reducing costs for the business. It is also about passing these savings on to its customers to offer value for money. Aldi demonstrates a time based management approach within the context of its supply chain. They take advantage of the local produce of their location for supplies to reduce the need for long and costly delivery journeys. They also apply time based management to training their employees. Training their staff to do variety of tasks which results to less staff costs and staff will gain knowledge of the whole business.
Aldi uses a just-in-time production by only keeping the stock that it need. The company only buys the stock required at any given time. Aldi is not investing much on stock that is going to be held for a long period of time. They also do not pay for large warehouses to store stock or pay additional staff to monitor warehouse stock. Aldi has three core values which are simplicity, consistency and responsibility which helps in their competitive advantage. They use simple designs to all their stores which creates consistency. V. Findings and Conclusion
We therefore conclude that Aldi has a good competitive advantage because of their unique approach to retailing. They focus their operations on providing its customers with quality products that are value for money. Aldi achieves this by ensuring that its operations are as efficient as possible while also adhering to its core values of simplicity, consistency and responsibility. Through adopting a variety of lean approaches Aldi is able to offer its customers the highest quality products at the lowest possible price. VI. Recommendations They are doing a good job. They should continue what they are doing and improve more in the process
Cartoon Effects on Kids admission essay help: admission essay help
The popularity of these types of cartoons set the pattern for many more violent yet comical television shows aimed at youth around the world. For example, Family Guy, which may be scripted for older audiences but is shown on Cartoon Network, often depicts sexual and violent behavior which they might not comprehend but are able to reenact. Cartoon violence meant for youthful audiences tend to involve minor acts of violence and often sanitize the outcome of violence in that it is unusual to see victims suffer in a life-like manner (Kirsh, 2006).
These types of dramatizations effect the way youth interact with each other as well as shape the outlook they may have on real life situations. AS parents, and adults it is our jobs to monitor what our children view, not only in reality but also on television. Often the main goal of an over-worked or mentally drained parentis to sit the child down and keep them quiet but parents must play a larger role in what our youth are visualizing on a daily bases. Violence in cartoons is not only unsafe but also has physical, emotional, and mental negative effects on youth that may last a lifetime.
Critically Evaluate How Far the Principle of ‘Pari Passu’ descriptive essay help: descriptive essay help
Vanessa Finch stated that ‘pari passu’ is ‘the normal rule in a corporate insolvency is that all creditors are treated on an equal footing – ‘pari passu’- and share in insolvency assets pro rata according to their pre-insolvency entitlements or the sums they are owed. Security avoids the effects of pari passu distribution by creating rights that have priority over the claims of unsecured creditors. ’ To emphasize that, the statute itself confirms Finch’s ‘normal rule’, that all creditors of an insolvent company are to be treated ‘equally’.
Basically, ‘there is a difference between treating people equal, with respect to one or another commodity or opportunity, and treating them as equals. ’ To illustrate that, the problem is that a rule based on formal equality does not take into account important differences between people, even thought those differences are relevant to any consideration of rule’s fairness. Generally, therefore, the determination of who are equals is not a concern of insolvency law. In Re Smith, Knight & Co Lord Romilly M. R. tated that ‘the Act of Parliament unquestionably says that everybody shall be paid ‘pari passu’, but that means everybody after the winding up has commenced. It does not mean that the court shall look into past transactions, and equalise all the creditors. ’ The general justification for the principle is its’ economical efficiency, in the sense that it reduces strategic costs and increases the aggregate pool of assets through the collectivity of dealings. Hence, it avoids the costs of dealing with claims on their individual merits.
Indeed, Keay and Walton are of the view that the underlying aim behind the use of the equality principle is to produce fairness, so that every creditor is treated in the same way. Fairness, in the procedural and substantive senses, can also be said to be assured by the ‘pari passu’ principle as it prevents a race to enforce claims that is destined to be won by the strongest, wealthiest, and it also involves equality of treatment between unsecured creditors. In fact, it has been seen as a way of preventing an intra-class race to enforce claims and can therefore be described as bringing about equality of treatment between unsecured creditors.
However, the application of the ‘pari passu’ principal is not absolute, nor does it achieve its aim with any degree of spectacular success as noted by the Cork Report.. The ‘pari passu’ principle is rather less important than it is sometimes made out to be, and does not fulfill any of the functions often attributed to it. For reasons of policy insolvency law provides certain deviations. The principle of ‘pari passu’ distribution of assets does not apply to the rights of secured creditors, suppliers of goods under agreements reserving the title or creditors for whom the company holds assets on trust.
To bear this in mind, unsecured creditors usually receive little, by the of dividend also, it is argued that what the law disallows is not evasion of the ‘pari passu’ principle as such but rather attempts to by-pass the collective mechanism which an insolvency proceedings is designed to produce. Indeed, it is important to bear in mind impact of ‘pari passu’ principle in consideration. There are various types of arrangements, which are not considered to offend against this particular principle.
These include ‘subordination agreements, provisions for acceleration of liability on winding-up, interests limited by reference to solvency…provision for termination on winding-up of interest annexed to membership status. ’ In Money Markets Ltd v London Stock Exchange Ltd Neurberger J. held that ‘it is not possible to discern a coherent rule to enable one to assess in any particular case whether such a provision falls foul of the principle.. and it is not entirely easy to reconcile the conclusions, and indeed the reasoning, in some of the cases. Thus, there are agreements which contravene the ‘pari passu’ principle, such as ‘provision for divestment of ownership on winding-up, vesting clauses in building contracts, direct payment in building contracts, provision for security or increased security on winding-up, sale with provision for retransfer on winding-up. ’ At this point, it is worth noting that modern insolvency law recognizes that some exceptions to the ‘pari passu’ rule are necessary and permits of exceptions. Also, F. Oditah explained that ‘pari passu’ principle ‘does not explain the obvious truth that insolvency law largely respects rights acquired prior to insolvency. During the course of exceptions, the first is a right of insolvency set-off, which is well-established principle of insolvency law ‘that where there are mutual debts existing between a creditor and an insolvent company, the smaller debt is to be set against the larger debt and only the balance is to be paid to the creditor out of the insolvency estate. ’ Set-off applies whenever there have been mutual credits, mutual debits or other mutual dealings, before the onset of liquidation, between the debtor and any of its creditors. So insolvency set-off responds to the principle of respecting legitimate expectations.
In Forster v. Wilson Parke B. stated that ‘the aim of insolvency set-off is not to avoid circuity of action, the main consideration underlying set-off between solvent parties, but to do substantial justice between the parties. ’ In fact, the expenses properly incurred in the winding-up, including the remuneration of the liquidator, are payable out of the assets in priority to all other claims. The statute provides that creditors claims are to be treated as part of the expenses of liquidation are matters not of proof but of payment. This of course is to the advantage of creditors.
In Re Levi & Co. Ltd it was explained that ‘it enables many post-liquidation creditors to be paid in full and, in certain circumstances, to receive payment in respect of pre-liquidation obligations. ’ The Cork Committee noted that ‘pari passu’ distribution of uncharged assets was in practice seldom, if ever, attained because, in the overwhelming majority of cases, the existence of preferential debts frustrated such distribution. Preferential unsecured creditors rank above other unsecured creditors as well as above creditors holding a floating charge.
Since they are payable after winding-up expenses, pre-preferential creditors also rank above floating charges. In Re M. C. Bacon Ltd. (No. 2) Millett J. held that ‘such expenses did not include the cost incurred in proceedings initiated by the liquidator to set aside the floating charge as a transaction at an undervalue and a preference. ’ Indeed, various types of debt have been deferred by statute. These include debts owed by the insolvent to a director found liable for wrongful or fraudulent trading, and ordered to be deferred by the court.
Moreover, claims held by the debtor’s shareholders or other members qua members also fall under this head. As the result, the claims of creditors able to assert set-off, utility companies, post-liquidation, pre-liquidation creditors with post-insolvency leverage, different types of preferential claims, claims of deferred creditors, all fall outside the purview of the ‘pari passu’ principle. These deviations from the ‘normal rule’ might be ‘something of a minor qualification’ to be equality norm. With respect, such assertions push the ‘pari passu’ principle to the force as currently the dominant method for distribution of insolvent estates.
To emphasize above information, the principle of ‘pari passu’ that creditors should be treated equally, that the insolvent’s assets should be shared proportionately between them and their debts should abate and be paid in ‘equal steps’ is not fundamental, nor does it achieve spectacular success. Indeed, it is important to look to alternative approaches in order to achieve more satisfactory modes of distribution. Also, it is important to consider whether the current exceptions to ‘pari passu’ are in need of reform. According to Ho Swan, ‘saying the ‘pari pass’ principle is fundamental does not make it so.
Is Socrates Guilty as Charged? essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax
The new accusers, Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon have accused Socrates of corrupting the youth of Athens. This was a sad attempt by the government to avoid conflict. The government was scared that the youth would realize that we are not virtuous. The government is not virtuous, but they try to keep it quiet instead of looking for a new way to find the answers, as Socrates did. Socrates was trying to figure out what virtue is and instill it in the youth. Meno informed us of that. Meno had a conversation with Socrates about the definition of virtue.
Socrates said that he never met anyone who could define virtue, but was challenging Meno to come up with the definition. He also challenged Meno to leave his Sophist’s teacher’s views out of it. He wanted to hear Meno’s own words. Socrates wasn’t going to give up, in the pursuit of, the true explanation of virtue. Meno had several definitions of virtue that were close to being right but were a little bit off. These answers didn’t cut it for Socrates, and nothing but the truth would satisfy him. Socrates was on a mission to find the truth, but the government was afraid of the truth.
Socrates asked questions, which people didn’t like. It makes them nervous, especially when they have something to hide. Obviously, Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon have something to hide. They know that the youth of Athens are very persuadable, and Socrates is teaching youth to think for themselves. They are afraid of the new generation of thinking for themselves and starting a revolution against the government. I think a revolution was exactly what the government needed. The men had politics in their blood and sometimes it blinded them. They said Socrates is the only one corrupting the youth of Athens.
This can’t be true. Many of the youth were corrupted and not only one person could affect them all. There is no way Socrates’ teaching corrupted every dishonest youth in Athens. There are many other corrupting influences. Socrates said that if he did corrupt the youth he did unintentionally. If this was true, which I believe was, he would not need to be brought into court for a conviction and sentence. He would have only needed to be made aware of what he was doing wrong by the government. Socrates is looking out for the youth. He was helping them by educating them.
The accusers weren’t doing anything to help the youth. Euthyphro was convicting his own father of murder. What kind of world was it that they were living in? Socrates is trying to better the world through education. He did this in the use of his Socratic method in which he would challenge his students question after question. The purpose was to expose contradictions in the student’s thoughts and ideas to then guide them to arrive at a solid, acceptable conclusion. The Sophists were educating as well, but not like Socrates. The Sophists were only teaching to give bold and grand answers.
They do not teach to ask questions or to dig deeper. They were telling the youth to distract people with their big words and long, drawn out responses. This was the art of politics. Socrates’ way of educating the youth was magnificent. He taught them to use simple definitions and give precise answers that any citizen could understand. Once again, he strives for truth, which could never result in corruption. If Socrates had corrupted a young man, or numerous young men, and they grew up to realize they had been corrupted by Socrates, they would have come forward to the courts by now to accuse him themselves.
Even if they couldn’t find the courage to do it themselves, their fathers, brothers, or other relations would have come forward. The lack of convictions that had been brought up by Socrates’ students and former students proves that what he was teaching them wasn’t corrupt. Socrates was a wise man. He had witnesses to prove it. The Oracle at Delphi said that Socrates is the wisest man in all of Athens. Most men would hear this statement and run with it, but Socrates is a humble man. He didn’t believe this information at first and even stated, “I am very conscious that I am not wise at all. He went out into Athens and questioned so-called “wise” men. He did this to prove the oracle wrong, but he ended up finding that he is the wisest of them all. This is because he didn’t believe he was wise, which is what makes him wise. Many men think they are wise which blinds them. They can’t see the truth. The fact that Socrates didn’t believe he is wise makes him a good and humble man. Good and humble men don’t corrupt the youth or perform impious acts. When Socrates realized that people didn’t like him or his teachings, he was sorrowed and alarmed.
These feelings revealed the truth in that all he was trying to accomplish was overall help Athens through education. Socrates old accusers, such as Aristophanes, are charging Socrates with studying things in the sky and beneath the earth. They don’t like that Socrates is questioning the nature of things. They think that he is invading the turf of the gods. How can the old accusers convict him for invading the turf of the gods when he said himself that he is in service of the gods? There had been multiple signs given to him to tell him to do this work such as oracles, dreams, and communication between the divine and mortals.
The accusers can’t deny the evidence. Socrates believed in the gods. The old accusers are on the gods’ side and Socrates is working for the gods, so they should be praising him for doing the work of the gods they honor. He was studying things in the sky and beneath the earth because that is where gods come from. The gods obviously didn’t punish Socrates for doing his work, so how can Socrates be bad? The old accusers were trying to do the work of the gods by convicting him, but they were really ignoring the gods’ signs that he is in their service. I think that many of the accusers misinterpreted Socrates’ work.
What Socrates was doing was unlike anyone else’s and the new ideas scared them. They are worried he is going to become the person in power and try to overthrow them, but they are wrong. They viewed him as a threat. Since Socrates had never been involved in public affairs or politics before, they thought he is against the government. He also intimidates them because he has power, but he wasn’t a member of the government which is unheard of at the time. Every man who has power and influence was either involved in politics, or is a friend of the government.
His students and friends are so committed to him that the accusers think he might be building up a small army. Socrates is just trying to help Athens. This is all that he cared about. I will say it again, I think Socrates is a good man. He had never profited financially from his services. He didn’t charge a fee for his advice and he had so many witnesses that will admit that. He lived in poverty because he cared so much for Athens. His divine mission, given to him by the gods, was to philosophize, so that is what he did. Who is he to go against the gods?
Socrates is a citizen of Athens, and he loved Athens and its gods. I think that in itself that should have been enough to save him from conviction. Socrates was a great man and seen as a great teacher. Some men within the government, namely, the old and new accusers, are threatened by him. They created these convictions in their heads in order to get rid of him, but I don’t think it was right. Socrates shouldn’t be convicted or sentenced to punishment because Socrates has done more good for Athens than anyone else. To sentence him to death was a very tragic loss.
Pretrial Detention university essay help: university essay help
Today throughout the world pretrial detention has caused many issues in which this paper will look further into. Some of the issues that will be explored in this paper are how pretrial detention is causing overcrowded prisons, and how that is affecting our society. Another issue that will be looked upon is the expression “innocent until proven guilty”. There are times when a offender waits in jail until his hearing for a number of years and ends up being proved innocent. What should be done for the time lost in this person’s life for waiting in a jail cell for a crime that was never committed?
These are issues that concern everyone in our society; this paper will explain possible ways to bring justice to these individuals. Pretrial detention causes all types of issues from the positive and negative effects it takes on people, overcrowded prisons, and weather or not it violates certain amendments. The reason for pretrial detention is the fear that serious criminals may re-offended while in the community. More than 20% of people arrested for murder and released on bail are arrested for new charges this is known as avertable residuals. This could have been prevented if the criminal had been behind bars.
About 1/3 of released defendants are either re-arrested for a new offense, failure to appear in court or commit some other violation. Pretrial detention requires that certain dangerous defendants be confined before trial for their own and the community this decision is placed by the judge. Pretrial detention can be good for the community because it controls the future behavior of suspected criminals. However, people ask the question; Is it punishment before trial? Civil libertarians believe it violates the due process clause of the constitution because it means that a person will be held in custody by proven guilty or innocent.
Other people argue that it is not punishment because why would society want criminals on the streets who potentially may not show up for their court date or may re-offend. Although pretrial detention is a good way to keep alleged criminals off the street there are many negative effects to it. For example, in Harris county jail down in Texas more than 11,500 inmates are there waiting in pretrial detention which is causing major overcrowding in prisons. In which most of the inmates crimes are possession of crack pipe or minuscule of drugs.
In the constitution it guarantees the right to a speedy trial, if that is the case than why are more than 500 of these inmates in Harris county jail in pretrial detention for over a year. About 1,200 have been jailed six months or more though many face only minor felony charges, such as bouncing checks, credit card fraud, trespassing or even civil violations ( Harris County Sheriff Office, 2009). Around 200 inmates, supposedly “innocent until proven guilty”, have already served then minimum sentence for the crime they may have not even committed.
There are plenty of inmates in the Harris county jail that have allegedly been convicted of non-violent crimes that still remain in the jail awaiting trial. Since the jails are so overcrowded many of these inmates end up having mattresses on the floor which they sleep on or they get sent to overcrowded cells. This is not fair to the inmates awaiting trial considering some of them may actually be proven innocent so why should they have to live like that for months and months when they have the wrong person behind bars. This could be seen as a violation of the Fifth Amendment.
Out of 38,000 cases last year only 376 people got released on bond. Many offenders even the ones that just get convicted of misdemeanors can not afford to post bond which means they end up in pretrial detention until their trial. This is another reason to why the prisons are becoming so full with allegedly convicted criminals in pretrial detention. The eighth amendment states excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted, yet what exactly is cruel or unusual punishment?
Can pretrial detention be considered cruel and unusual punishment considering the alleged criminal may be innocent and spend months to years in pretrial detention for something they may have never committed. Even criminals in pretrial detention who could have convicted a minor crime may not deserve to wait in pretrial detention as long as they do. Although, the alleged criminals in pretrial detention are not being physically punished some defiantly are being mentally punished.
However, the justice system does not think about how the alleged criminal feels neither does most of society to them its better to keep someone who may or may not be guilty in pretrial detention then to have them on the streets. However, to the alleged criminal especially the innocent ones this is defiantly cruel and unusual punishment why should they have to be locked up in a little room, and loose months to years on their lives because the United States justice system can not guarantee a speedy trial like there expected to do.
The United States criminal justice system should not have alleged criminals wait in pretrial detention if they are being convicted of lesser charges. After the alleged criminals arraignment, the ones of lesser charges should just be set on bond this way there would be less overcrowding in prisons. If the alleged criminal could not afford the bond the court should be able to work something out where they lower the bond or the alleged criminal can put something worth value up.
The eighth amendments also states excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed. This is to protect those charged with crimes so they have a fair chance to post bond or bail and not have to wait in pretrial detention. There are still a countless number of alleged criminals in pretrial detention who cannot afford to post bond or bail. This could be considered discrimination to the lower class of society because they may be innocent or have a minor crime and just not have the money to post bond, so why should they have to sit in pretrial detention?
In a study done in 1960 by L. Schweitzer (reported in Goldfarb, 1965), it was found that of the 114,653 people who received pretrial detention because they could not pay bail, only 27% were subsequently convicted and given jail sentences (Ebbesen, & Konecni, 1975). In another study in Philadelphia, of 1,000 defendants who could not afford to pay bail and were therefore detained, over two thirds were either acquitted or, if convicted, were not given jail sentences (Ebbesen, & Konecni, 1975).
There are many ways to look at this amendment and pretrial detention and see how mentally it could be considered cruel and unusual punishment to the alleged offenders. The Fifth Amendment states that no one can be tried for a serious crime unless indicted by a grand jury. No one can be forced to testify against themselves. No one can be punished without due process of law and people must be paid for property taken for public use. Due process is a very important part when a suspected offender is going through the criminal justice system.
The person under arrest can only be held so long without the criminal justice system violating the due process clause. A person waiting in pretrial detention depends on the due process clause so they do not have to wait a lengthy time in pretrial detention and have a right to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of thier peers. In the United States v. Salerno, the United States Supreme Court held that pretrial detention without bail on the grounds of dangerousness violates neither the fifth nor eighth amendment to the United States Constitution (Eason, 1988).
Although, pretrial detention does not violate the fifth nor eighth amendment according to the Supreme Court to the individual waiting for trial they can feel like their rights are being violated depending on the time they wait in pretrial detention. Amendment six in the constitution states in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial. Although, this is in the United States Constitution people who sit in pretrial detention and await their speedy trial may question what exactly is a speedy trial?
In the United States a speedy trial is when the defendant is tried for the alleged crimes within a reasonable time after being arrested. Often the question asked is does the trial come speedy enough, under the sixth amendment it all comes down to the circumstances of the case itself sometimes cases can even be dropped if the alleged criminal waits to long in pretrial detention. Since there is no hard and fast rule on how long is too long, one rule of thumb is eight months.
This means that that the alleged offender should have a trial within eight months or it is considred too long that the alleged criminal has waited in pretrial detetion. For example murder cases can take at least six months and often longer before even going to trial to some people a half year to years is not their definition of a speedy trial. Minor cases like small amount of drugs where the person may only get charged with a misdemeanor or minor felony charge usually take place within six months even then having to wait six months for a minor crime or a crime not even committed can seem like a lengthy time to sit in pretrial detention.
This is definitely making the prisons very overcrowded and criminals who need to stay in jail may be released early due to all the inmates in pretrial detention awaiting their speedy trial. Raymond Buckley, a defendant in the national publicized McMartin preschool molestation case, was detained for almost four years without bail (Miller & Guggenheim, 1990-1991). Raymond Buckley was accused of molestation of a preschool boy by a paranoid schizophrenia mother.
There were over 360 children supposedly who had been abused but there were no physical evidence to prove anything. Prosecutors questioned the children numerous amount of times and most of the time the children would tell a different story than the last or have bizarre allegations against Buckley. The prosecution then gave up trying to obtain a conviction, and granted Ray Buckey bail. The alleged offender waited four years before his trial in pretrial detention before and was not even convicted of any wrong doing.
This case is an example of how the United States Justice System did not give Raymond Buckley a speedy trial. Although, in the end he was convicted of 39 of the 52 accounts the trial should have been much faster, four years before even getting to trial is defiantly too long to wait in pretrial detention. Pretrial detention causes all types of issues from the positive and negative effects it takes on people, overcrowded prisons, and weather or not it violates certain amendments like the fifth, sixth and eighth.
Pretrial detention does have its positive effects like keeping criminals who may re offend off the streets which makes our society safer. It is causing overcrowding in prisons which means other criminals are being released early and it is costing our tax dollars more to keep people in prison. According to the United States Constitution people in pretrial detention have a right to a speedy trial and no cruel and unusual punishment shall be brought upon them. However, the question then becomes what is a speedy trial along with what is considered cruel and unusual punishment.
Sitting in a jail cell for a crime a person may or may not have committed waiting to go to trial that can take months to years this may seem cruel and defiantly not a speedy trial. Although, if the alleged offender is being tried within eight months it is technically is considered speedy trial by law. Eight months to the alleged offender may not seem speedy enough for them especially if they end up being innocent. Pretrial detention is a significant issue that needs to be looked upon more then it is currently is, there are issues that need to be done to fix the problems that occur in pretrial detention.
Wall Street Crash essay help writing: essay help writing
The Wall Street Crash was the most important reason for the increase in support for the Nazis during the period 1928-32’. Do you agree? Explain your answer. The depression also weakened the Weimar government, there were unpopular economic policies, for over half a century the Germans had judged their country by economic success, therefore when the economy was failing the Germans believed the country was too! The government had no idea how to solve the problems of unemployment and poverty.
The chancellor raised taxes, cut wages and reduced the unemployment benefit; these policies were defiantly not going to win over the support of the citizens. Due to the fact that the country was in such a mess, politics was so important. People who would have normally not bothered to vote, had to because action had to be taken to restore the country. Desperation caused people to turn to the extremes, of which the Nazi party clearly were.
They took full advantage of the desperation running throughout the country, claiming they could get rid of the enemy within, blaming the Weimar Republic for all the current problems and they promised jobs and a stable country. These policies were clearly appealing to the suffering Germans. Because the German people were turning to the extremes because of the Wall Street Crash, there was a fear of communism the middle classes were scared the working classes would turn to communism so they went the opposite way, voting for the right wingers.
However, there were also other factors that gained support for the Nazis. For example, Hitler himself – Hitler was an extraordinary public speaker; he was able to win over thousands of people through the way he delivered his policies through speech. He was also an extremely strong leader, Germany needed someone like this to solve the problems in the country. The Nazis made their policies and promises things that everyone wanted to here, workers were promised jobs, employers were promised restored profits and they promised protection against communism, everyone was a winner.
The Nazis were extremely well organised and had very skilled leaders which the German people wanted because of the collapse of the last government. They used radio to give election speeches reaching everyone across the country gathering support. They had election rallies, posters and marches getting the Nazi message across to everyone in the country. Finally, they used propaganda to highlight their policies and target the specific groups of people in Germany. In conclusion, overall I believe that the Wall Street crash was very significant in gaining support for the Nazis but it wasn’t the most important reason.
I have come to this understanding because if it wasn’t for the Nazis leadership and organisation they wouldn’t have been able to use the Wall Street Crash to their advantage. And if it wasn’t for their propaganda and use of technology they wouldn’t have been able to spread their ideas about how they were going to attempt to make things better for the citizens of their country. Although, if there wasn’t the wall street crash the Nazis wouldn’t have been able to use the other factors to their advantage, this is why I believe it’s extremely significant in gaining them support, but still not the most important reason.
A Streetcar Named Desire, Literary Analysis custom essay help: custom essay help
Williams took great care in applying each of these literary device techniques to the theme as he presents an intriguing contrast between Blanche and Stanley, vivid images both animalistic and broken, and imploring the use of the Odyssey to further deepen his characters. Each of these devices though varied in style combine effortlessly in this tragedy. One of the ways that Williams portrays his theme in this play was by using the literary device Foil. This is most important in characterization and is also seen in the economy vs. relationships. In the play Williams purposefully misdirects readers by using male against female.
As in Stanley telling Stella what to do in certain situations, and also telling Blanche what she is going to do about the papers and Napoleonic code about “lost Belle Reve. ” (Williams 40-43) There is also the Poker Table scene in which this places Stella and Blanche in opposition and Mitch and Stanley. Mitch wants to continue talking with Blanche and Stanley wants Mitch to come and play poker. Mitch continually tries to leave saying that he needs to get home to his sick mother. Stanley obviously does not understand Mitch’s situation and his need to be home.
Stanley is really impatient as in he doesn’t like any distractions while he is playing his game. Stanley and Blanche both struggle for Stella’s attention, and they both want Stella on their side. In A Streetcar Named Desire the literary device known as imagery is constant and throughout the entire play. The image of animal nature is portrayed as equal to Stanley. “Bears her in the dark,” it is never said, but in those words you can gather that Stanley raped Blanche. The low moans of the clarinet and the blue piano all portray the image of what an animal would do. (Williams 129) Another form of imagery in the play is broken images.
There is the broken mirror and Mitch tearing the lamp. There is also Blanche’s husband Hickey killing himself. There is also the loss of the baby which is a broken part of the story. Intertextuality is the shaping of texts’ meanings by other texts. Williams uses this literary device by referring to Book Nine of the Odyssey. Blanche is equal to deception. She is always flirting with some man especially Stanley. Anytime she gets the chance while Stella is out of the room. Blanche is like Odysseus because she is very well aware of her deceptive truths. She uses them to manipulate in situations.
She blinds Stanley by her deceptive ways. Intertextuality is also used in the image of Cyclopes. Stanley portrays the image of Cyclopes. He is also referred to as “One-eye monster,” in the play. He is referred to this character because of his strong will and physically strong, but he falls easily into Blanche’s trap of being blinded. Although there are many other literary devices that are used throughout A Streetcar Named Desire these devices work together in unison to thoroughly express the theme in their struggle to attain happiness. Though they try very hard the happiness is never really gained.
These literary devices are used to create an image in the readers minds that Williams intended to do. I found myself questioning while reading this play, “Why is the title of the play A Streetcar Named Desire? ” Well I found that while reading in the beginning of the play Blanche comes into town and she is a look for a streetcar like a trolley or taxi entitled Desire. So she takes this streetcar to her Stella her sister’s house. At the end of the play Blanche is taken away in a mental institution vehicle she is not well. It is implied that another streetcar came to pick up Blanche, but not one called Desire.
A Streetcar Named Desire writing an essay help: writing an essay help
A eetcar Named Desire” by Tennessee Williams “Stella has embraced him with both arms, fiercely, and full in the view of Blanche. He laughs and clasps her head to him. Over her head he grins through the curtains at Blanche. ” (Williams 73) A Streetcar Named Desire written by Tennessee Williams exemplifies the theme of a struggle to attain happiness. The play not only portrays this theme in its characters and setting, but through the literary devices of Foil, Imagery, and Intertextuality.
Williams took great care in applying each of these literary device techniques to the theme as he presents an intriguing contrast between Blanche and Stanley, vivid images both animalistic and broken, and imploring the use of the Odyssey to further deepen his characters. Each of these devices though varied in style combine effortlessly in this tragedy. One of the ways that Williams portrays his theme in this play was by using the literary device Foil. This is most important in characterization and is also seen in the economy vs. relationships. In the play Williams purposefully misdirects readers by using male against female.
As in Stanley telling Stella what to do in certain situations, and also telling Blanche what she is going to do about the papers and Napoleonic code about “lost Belle Reve. ” (Williams 40-43) There is also the Poker Table scene in which this places Stella and Blanche in opposition and Mitch and Stanley. Mitch wants to continue talking with Blanche and Stanley wants Mitch to come and play poker. Mitch continually tries to leave saying that he needs to get home to his sick mother. Stanley obviously does not understand Mitch’s situation and his need to be home.
Stanley is really impatient as in he doesn’t like any distractions while he is playing his game. Stanley and Blanche both struggle for Stella’s attention, and they both want Stella on their side. In A Streetcar Named Desire the literary device known as imagery is constant and throughout the entire play. The image of animal nature is portrayed as equal to Stanley. “Bears her in the dark,” it is never said, but in those words you can gather that Stanley raped Blanche. The low moans of the clarinet and the blue piano all portray the image of what an animal would do. (Williams 129) Another form of imagery in the play is broken images.
There is the broken mirror and Mitch tearing the lamp. There is also Blanche’s husband Hickey killing himself. There is also the loss of the baby which is a broken part of the story. Intertextuality is the shaping of texts’ meanings by other texts. Williams uses this literary device by referring to Book Nine of the Odyssey. Blanche is equal to deception. She is always flirting with some man especially Stanley. Anytime she gets the chance while Stella is out of the room. Blanche is like Odysseus because she is very well aware of her deceptive truths. She uses them to manipulate in situations.
She blinds Stanley by her deceptive ways. Intertextuality is also used in the image of Cyclopes. Stanley portrays the image of Cyclopes. He is also referred to as “One-eye monster,” in the play. He is referred to this character because of his strong will and physically strong, but he falls easily into Blanche’s trap of being blinded. Although there are many other literary devices that are used throughout A Streetcar Named Desire these devices work together in unison to thoroughly express the theme in their struggle to attain happiness. Though they try very hard the happiness is never really gained.
These literary devices are used to create an image in the readers minds that Williams intended to do. I found myself questioning while reading this play, “Why is the title of the play A Streetcar Named Desire? ” Well I found that while reading in the beginning of the play Blanche comes into town and she is a look for a streetcar like a trolley or taxi entitled Desire. So she takes this streetcar to her Stella her sister’s house. At the end of the play Blanche is taken away in a mental institution vehicle she is not well. It is implied that another streetcar came to pick up Blanche, but not one called Desire.
Feasibility Study of Internet Cafe common app essay help: common app essay help
Computer and Internet connection is very important and useful for the students specifically for their research papers. They can use the computer by inserting P5. 00 coin on the coin slot to avail at least 20 minutes of service. Properties of the Business The properties of the business are computer set and internet connection. These properties will be used to render services. Location of the Business Since our target market is the University of Mindanao Digos Campus students, the location of the business will be infront of the institution, specifically, infront of the first gate of the said institution.
Uses of the Product For just P5. 00 the students can surf the net, play online games/Local Area Network (LAN) games, chat, upload/download pictures, music, videos, documents, games, they can also transfer files from the computer to their computer device such as USB Flash Drives. Customers can also use the computer for their personal purposes. Users of the Service The expected major users of the service are the students of University of Mindanao Digos Campus. Moreover, the walk-in customers and residents of nearby houses are expected to use the services. 1. Demand and Supply Data
The place is very accessible and convenient for the students. One way of promoting the business is through Public Relations, it is expected that the person who is in-charge of the business knows how to communicate well towards the customers, knows how to answer different queries of the customers and answers these customers in a proper way and of course approachable. Through public relations, it can influence people’s attitudes toward the company or the product itself, it can create company’s goodwill and it can even invite more customers. Terms of Services The business activity is done inside the cafe.
The person in-charge will entertain the customer’s needs especially on exchanging the money of the customer to P5. 00 coin to be able to use the computer services. When the customers’ time runs out and in a hurry, he/she can go out the cafe as immediately as he/she wants without any other payments and without any hassle. IV. Technical Aspect This part of the study is aimed to give the readers a clear and correct perspective in the technicalities and aspects concerning the product, its materials, its equipment, facilities being used, and the socio-economic that could somehow affect the various beneficiaries.
The proponents strongly adhere that Singko (5) Net is a customer-oriented business for it seeks to provide its customers the right quality of services offered but on a budget-friendly cost that they can avail. At the same time, the firm aims to seek profit as it aims to hit the expected sales to generate revenue for its owners and to maintain the stability of the business. Customers’ satisfaction is one of the objectives of the business. The business also undertakes to know whether the products have met the consumers’ satisfaction. This will give confidence, assurance and competence to the business in order to compete to the competitors.
However, in order to achieve these goals, there is a need to have a good customer service and practice, comfortable place to ensure high standards and efficiency on cost and time as well. The Product Our product composes of computer set; monitor, system unit, keyboard, mouse, mouse pad, headset, camera, Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR), computer case and of course fast internet connection. Inside the cafe wherein the services take place must be comfortable, have enough space, and have proper facilities such as chair, air conditioner, lights, comfort room, and water.
Exhibit 2 Computer Set Chairs Air Conditoner Lights Attendant’s Table Utilities Water, Electricity, Repair and Maintenance, and Internet Subscription Businesses incur expenses normally to continue the business operation. It is one of the main factors affecting the continuity of the smooth flow of operations. As the project will start, the partners must consider that utilities required such as water and electricity for the business operation. For the first month of operation, the partners billed P300. 00 for water
Threats to Bioreserves essay help services: essay help services
If any one of the eight interactive crises passes a tipping point, it will probably act as a threat multiplier for the remaining crises. Both politicians and the average citizen believe that priorities can be established for these interactive crises, but such an option is not viable for a highly interactive system. Polls indicate that most people place economic growth as the highest priority for human society, even though the highest status should be given to the master biospheric life support system to which all other systems are subordinate.
Key Words:Resource depletion, Energy, Environmental refugees An age is called Dark not because the light fails to shine, but because people refuse to see it. – James Albert Michener The scientist is not a person who gives the right answers; he’s the one who asks the right questions. -Claude Levi-Strauss 1. Tipping Points Most complex ecological and social systems have one or more tipping points beyond which change is irreversible (e. g. , Catton 1982).
Passing a tipping point in any one of the eight, complex systems (human economy, climate change, exponential human population growth, ecological overshoot, biotic impoverishment and reduction of biodiversity, renewable resource depletion, energy allocation, environmental refugees) would produce a ripple effect in the other seven and probably throughout the entire biospheric life support system (Solomon et al. 2009). Reducing risk in the context of the eight interactive global crises would be a difficult undertaking even if the task only involved scientific evidence.
Mixed into the responsibility of reduction of risk and avoiding tipping points is the general public’s assessment of important issues for the planet. Gertner (2009) quotes a poll, conducted by the Pew Research Center two days after President Obama was sworn in, that ranks “the issues Americans said were the most important priorities for this year . At the top of the list. . . jobs and the economy. . . Farther down, well after terrorism, deficit reduction and energy . . . was climate change. It was priority No. 20. That was last place. Economic growth has both provided many benefits to humans and been a major forcing factor in the eight interactive global crises discussed in this manuscript. Perpetual material (i. e. , physical) growth is simply not possible on a finite planet, which was recognized over 30 years ago by Economist Kenneth E. Boulding (1972) in his “Ballad of Ecological Awareness. ” It was published as the conference summary for Farvar and Milton’s volume The Careless Technology. The conferees were seated in alphabetical order at a huge round table at the 1968 conference, so I had the honor of sitting next to Boulding.
I still remember his asking me: “what rhymes with schistosomiasis? ” I gave an inadequate reply, but found out later that he was writing a ballad. The ballad is as useful today as the year it was written. “No growth” (i. e. , steady-state) economics has been espoused by Daly (1991, 1994) and Daly and Townsend (1993). The economics of climate change is also discussed in the “Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change” (Stern 2009). If natural resources were used within the biosphere’s regenerative capacity, the probability of crossing tipping points would be significantly reduced. 2. The Human Economy Hawken et al. 1999) note that “an economy needs four types of capital to function properly: . . human capital, in the form of labor and intelligence, culture, and organization financial capital, consisting of cash, investments, and monetary instruments . manufactured capital, including infrastructure, machines, tools, and factories . natural capital, made up of resources, living systems, and ecosystem services The industrial system uses the first three forms of capital to transform natural capital into the stuff of our daily lives: cars, highways, cities, bridges, houses, food, medicine, hospitals, and schools. Natural systems (fisheries, forests) are usually regarded as subsets of the human economy. However, in fact, the human economy is a subset of the biosphere (aggregate, global, natural systems). The human economy is substantially different from the economy of natural systems. The genus Homo was spread thinly over the planet in small tribal groups for most of 4 million years. Upon the emergence of H. erectus and with the transition to H. sapiens, when an animal was killed, it was eaten and the hide was used for clothing or other purposes.
Hides and human wastes nurtured the biosphere. The rate of growth of the human population was trivial. After the Industrial Revolution, wastes were often harmful to the biosphere because they could not be assimilated into the environment or they exceeded the biosphere’s assimilative capacity for them. The human economy is in crisis because it wants “more” of everything for ever more people. Practices to increase material goods in one area of the world by using natural resources often has effects on other parts of the planet.
China’s impressive economic growth is fueled by coal: “In Shanxi, filthy coal is a part of daily life, providing a cheap, readily available source of energy that won’t be replaced by renewables or reduced via conservation efforts anytime soon” (Minter 2010). “By one estimate, China was responsible for 85 percent of the world-wide growth in coal demand last year, and what it didn’t obtain from the world’s third-largest known reserves, it imported” (Pearse 2010).
Much of China’s coal comes from Australia, which is paying a climate change price: “The driest inhabited continent has just endured its warmest decade on record and its worst drought in history. It’s finally started raining again, but not before the 10-year “Big Dry” cost a quarter of all farm jobs” (Pearse 2010). In short, Australia is both feeling and fueling climate change: “Australians unwilling to see the irony of the situation sometimes have it forced on them. In 2007, cyclonic winds washed a coal tanker up on an iconic surf beach in New South Wales.
Greenpeace seized the moment, projecting the words COAL CAUSES CLIMATE CHAOS onto the beleaguered ship’s hull” (Pearse 2010). 3. Global Climate Change Humans have evolved and flourished in the present climate – an alternative climate will probably be less favorable. Combustion of fossil fuels during the Industrial Revolution produced more carbon dioxide than the biosphere could assimilate, and anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions began to change the climate. Reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions is possible by switching to alternative sources of energy (e. g. , solar, wind).
Although remarkable increases have been made in the development of wind power (Sawin 2010) and solar power (Liu 2010), fossil fuel production is still increasing (Russell 2010) and anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are still rising. As a consequence, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide is still growing, as are world carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning (Mulrow 2010). This situation has already caused glaciers to begin melting and has shifted rainfall patterns that cause both droughts and floods. Obviously, humans have affected the climate and vice versa.
If emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, continue to increase, more climatic tipping points will probably be passed. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) presents a number of detailed reports that contain scenarios based on the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The reports summarize a vast body of literature that is analyzed by thousands of climate scientists. The IPCC reports tend to be conservative since many governments influence the executive summary but not the supporting scientific evidence.
Also, no body of evidence exists in human history on the rate of climate change being experienced. Although some evidence on global warming was published in the 1800s, most of the literature is from the last three decades, and the amount is breathtaking. The scientific process is designed to correct errors and generally does so quite well. However, when the number of printed pages is large, the probability is greater that some small errors will be found. In the context of climate change in the news media, these errors are pounced upon and given a great deal of attention.
The errors typically have little or no impact on climate science and are usually corrected promptly. However, these small errors have left some doubt in the public mind about scientists and the scientific process, which is regrettable since the preponderance of evidence on climate change becomes more persuasive as the amount of evidence increases. 4. Exponential Human Population Growth In 1927, the global human population was 2 billion; in 2010, it is nearly 7 billion, which is over a 3-fold increase in a single human lifetime on a finite planet.
In 2009, the number of starving people and the number of malnourished people each exceeded 1 billion. In addition, billions of people lack potable water, adequate housing, education, and medical services. If every individual on the planet lived as individuals in the United States live, five planet Earths would be needed. No substantive discussion has been forthcoming on whether humankind’s goal is for a populace living at subsistence levels or for a much smaller population leading a quality life.
If humankind decided on a smaller population leading a quality life, then how could the population be reduced in a humane way? To achieve any goal, a free and open discussion is essential, but religious beliefs and ideology have blocked even the beginnings of such a discussion on exponential human population growth. Climate change is already having adverse effects upon agricultural productivity in many parts of the world, which will probably reduce the global carrying capacity for humans. Major adaptation to new conditions will be essential if civilization is to survive.
Sustainable use of the planet will be a distant dream as long as humankind thinks that the natural laws of physics, chemistry, and biology can be ignored as applied to exponential human population growth. The human population is still growing exponentially. How did one species become so dominant that it could compete successfully with all the other animal species for resources and space? This achievement is accompanied by considerable risk because humans are damaging their biospheric life support system by both sheer numbers and environmental destruction (Ehrlich and Ehrlich 2008).
Diamond (2005) has analyzed how human societies choose to succeed or fail. Some past societal collapses were not fatal to the human species since isolated events affected only one or a few societies. Globalization may have ended isolation; however, since humankind depends on cheap, abundant resources and regeneration of natural resources, regionalization may soon return. 5. Ecological Overshoot Ecological overshoot refers to using Earth’s resources faster than they can be regenerated, which is due to both exponential population growth and excessive resource consumption.
Sustainability requires living within the regenerative capacity of the biosphere (Wackernagel et al. 2002). The last Earth Overshoot Day was 25 September 2009 – the day on which humankind exceeded the regenerative capacity of the biosphere for that year. In economic terms, this circumstance is a huge ecological deficit, which goes beyond unsustainable to madness! Worse yet, ecological overshoot is not a recently discovered crisis – Catton (1982) published on this crisis years ago.
By exceeding the biosphere’s regenerative capacity for resources, humankind is using natural capital (and the ecological services it produces) at a rate that probably will result in passing a biospheric tipping point in the near future. A tipping point may already have been passed, but inadequate monitoring systems have not detected it. Other species also depend on the biosphere’s regenerative capacity. Ecological overshoot is also an important component of intergenerational equity and violates both eco-ethics and sustainability ethics.
Finally, without adequate resources, the human economy will collapse. 6. Biotic Impoverishment A major study has confirmed that “the world’s governments will not meet their internationally-agreed target of curbing the loss of species and nature by 2010” (Black 2010). Since many of the planet’s species have not yet been named, calculating the precise extinction rate is difficult; however, the current extinction rate is estimated at 1,000 times the background rate and may climb to 10,000 times the background rate if present trends continue.
This loss would easily equal those of past great extinctions. A major report – the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Report (2005) – summarizes this crisis, and Benn (2010), the UK’s environmental secretary, believes “The decline in the world’s biodiversity is approaching a point of no return. . . The big challenge will be for the real benefits of biodiversity and the hard costs of its loss to be included in our economic system and markets. Fischetti (2010) notes that “a team of 30 scientists across the globe have determined that the nine environmental processes [biodiversity loss, land use, freshwater use, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles, stratospheric ozone, ocean acidification, climate change, chemical pollution and aerosol loading in the atmosphere]… must remain within specific limits, otherwise the ‘safe operating space’ within which humankind can exist on Earth will be threatened. . . . the world has already crossed the boundary in three cases: biodiversity loss, the nitrogen cycle and climate change. Immediate steps must be taken to avoid further reduction of biodiversity (e. g. , Myers et al. 2000). The general public and its political representatives might be more concerned with biotic impoverishment if they understood that species are the basic components of the biosphere, which serves as a planetary life support system. Lovelock (2009, p. 33) states that the Earth system, which he calls Gaia, is in trouble, and “the climate war could kill nearly all of us and leave a few survivors living a Stone Age existence.
But in several places in the world, including the UK, we have a chance of surviving and even living well. ” This statement is clearly a worst-case scenario, but does drive home the point that humans are part of Gaia and, when it suffers, humankind suffers as well. The biosphere is clearly a functional system that is more than a collection of millions of species. The charismatic species receive the most attention, but as Louis Pasteur stated: “The role of the infinitely small in nature is infinitely large. ” The little species ran the planet without humans for billions of years, and humans cannot currently do without them.
However, most of humankind lives in cities and has little opportunity to develop a relationship with nature – referred to as biophilia by Wilson (1984). 7. Renewable Resource Depletion Wastes from Homo sapiens, including industrial wastes, are often deleterious to natural systems. Wastes can be a threat to the regeneration of natural resources instead of being nurturing, as is the case for the wastes of the majority of species. Moreover, in 2009, humankind used natural resources at 140% of Earth’s regenerative capacity (http://www. footprintnetwork. org).
Runaway Love get essay help: get essay help
They are forced to take care of themselves because their own family member does not care for them. The purpose of this song is that Ludacris is trying to get his auditors to understand that children go through struggles just like adults. Girls that young of an age should be relishing their childhood, but they are forced to take on the roles of an adult and manage on their own. The video begins with Ludacris and Mary J. Blige walking down a tunnel. While walking they see pictures of missing kids all over the wall.
Throughout the video various girls of different ages are shown looking sad and confused as to “why the world is so cold”. As the video processes Ludacris tells stories of three individuals whose lives are changed due to acts of neglect. The first being Lisa, a nine year old girl, who coming from an unstable home is trying to figure out why she never met her dad or any of her family. Wanting to talk with someone, she turns to her mom. But she is never home. One day while “mama is on drugs getting high up in the kitchen. Bringing home men at different hours of the night”, one sneaks off into Lisa’s room and has his way with her.
She tries to tell her mom but she does not believe her. The only option that she has is; “get some clothes and pack; she says she’s ’bout to run away and never come back”. In the video, Nicole, a ten year old, deals with insecurity, and stresses from her alcoholic step-dad who always wants to strike her. Leaving her with bruises she seems to be making up excuses when teachers ask questions. Not knowing who to turn to, she befriends a girl, Stacy, telling her secrets and they “promise that they always be tight ’til the end”. Unfortunately, because they live in a violent eighborhood, where brutality can strike anywhere and anyone, little Stacy gets shot by a drive by bullet; while crossing the street. Now Nicole is stuck in the world own her. Not knowing what else to do she says, “She’s ’bout to run away and never come back”. Erica, whom is eleven years old, also deals with daily struggles in her life. Because she does not feel safe, she abuses her body by popping ecstasy “to get rid of all the pain”. She thinks she is in love when she meets a sixteen year old boy, who knows just how to lure her in, and has unprotected sex.
Of course she becomes pregnant and her so called lover “…bails out he ain’t ready for a kid”. She is too poor for abortion and knows that her mother “will blow it all outta proportion”. Now stuck with the responsibility of taking care of the baby and herself, Erica has nowhere to turn to. Unable to handle her consequences, “she says she’s about to run away and never come back”. The tone of “Runaway Love”, melancholy and dark, opens one’s eyes to the life that most people try to ignore. The image painted in the video shows that Ludacris is portraying a very serious atmosphere and wants his listeners to relate to the characters.
The message his is trying to convey is strong: he wants his listeners grasp the signs of abuse so that adolescents would not feel like “hell is a place called home”. The song ends with Ludacris saying “…I can only image what you’re going through ladies, sometimes I feel like running away myself, so do me a favor right now and close your eyes, and picture us running away together, when we come back everything is gonna be okay, Open your eyes…… ” to comfort the girls and let them know that someone out there cares.
“Cartoon Art Museum” Descriptive Essay college essay help service: college essay help service
When I heard the name “Cartoon Art Museum,” I naturally imagined it as a vibrant and dramatic building that had to be massive, with enough rooms to store a lot of cartoon artwork. Arriving at CAM, I was almost taken aback by how small and dull it seemed. It didn’t look like much; just a medium sized, brown brick building with black windowsills and door frames. It looked very modern and conservative; almost like any common apartment building or warehouse. At the front entrance, there were large display windows showcasing posters that advertised what new or limited edition exhibits and merchandise were available.
All of the posters were attractive and vibrant in their own styles. Some were more tradition and minimalistic, sporting just logos, sketches, pictures, and classy serif texts. Others were glaringly flashy and colorful, with big comic book text bubbles and halftone comic book characters like Superman yelling at you to “check out this SUPER exhibit,” or Loki commanding you to “relinquish your money and sate your comic book cravings! ” The biggest poster in the windows was advertising the “Evolution of the Avengers” exhibit.
It was designed with the original concepts of the super-heroes on the left and the current, modern renditions of the super-heroes on the right, presenting a “then-and-now” effect. Another poster that really piqued my interest was a much smaller one advertising the “Darth Vader & Son” pieces, by Jeffrey Brown. On the poster was a humorous but adorable picture of Daddy Darth Vader and Toddler Luke Skywalker having ice cream together. These posters were much more interesting than the building they were in. With renewed anticipation, I briskly walked towards the entrance to see what he museum had in store for me. As I pulled the door open, I was greeted by a very enthusiastic and quirky lady at the front desk. She had short blue hair and she was wearing a black shirt with the signature metallic Avengers insignia on it. I admired her earrings that were skinny chains dangling from her ears and at the end of them were the Incredible Hulk’s green fists. “One general admission, please” I asked while noticing that she was doodling in a sketch book before I came in. “Is that Deadpool? ” I asked, “I love him! Nice drawing! ” I said almost a little too loudly.
Appearing flattered and a little embarrassed, “Oh, yeah! Thank you! Enjoy the museum! ” she said with a smile as she handed me the ticket. As I walked towards the exhibits, I examined the ticket and was impressed to see that the design on it incorporated the signature halftone color dots that are often associated with comic books and retro art. I also took time to observe the inside of the building which was much more interesting than the outside. Cardboard cutouts of super-heroes and cartoon characters that were placed around the lobby were constantly having their photos snapped with children and fans.
Posters promoting future exhibits and flyers promoting local independent artists were pasted all over the walls. The museum was extremely eclectic and would be called tacky by museum-goers looking for tradition art, but walking through this museum was like walking through the mind of any cartoon fan. After I finished examining everything in the lobby, I finally made my way to the opening exhibit, which happened to be the “Evolution of the Avengers” exhibit that was being advertised outside.
Walking into the exhibit, front and center, under a spotlight was the first issue of the Avengers comics in a glass display case. Excited, I hurried over to get a closer look. Expecting the comic book to look like an ancient document, brittle and discolored, I was impressed to find it in impeccable condition. It still had most of that new comic book “gloss. ” It was in a plastic cover protecting it from dust and other threats to it’s condition. The only flaws were the fading and wear on the edges of the page corners.
The first edition of the “Avengers: Earth’s Mightiest Heroes” only featured four heroes; Iron Man, Ant Man, The Hulk, and Thor. The featured super-villain nemesis was of course, Loki, Thor’s brother. I giggled at Iron Man’s design because it looked nothing like his modern rendition. His design was simple; only gold, with a clunky design that made him look stiff and robotic; hardly what anyone would imagine a super-hero to look like. The Hulk’s and Thor’s designs weren’t that different from what they are today. The Hulk was always green, muscular, with short hair and only donning a pair of shorts.
Thor’s armor and weapon seemed to be pretty much the same; his crimson red cape and futuristic but otherworldly armor largely unchanged. The first comic was published on September 1st, 1963. The punch line, “Super-heroes, super-villains, super thrills! Presented in the fabulous manner” was displayed in a cliche comic book speech bubble. I laughed because that tacky punchline wouldn’t do well today. On the surrounding walls there were framed pieces of concept art and comic book panels showing the evolutions and design changes of every super-hero ever part of the Avengers Initiative.
Seeing all of these pieces compared to what they were made into now made me feel an overwhelming sense of nostalgia and inspiration. Some of the early designs such as Iron Man’s early concept were less than stellar but now, Iron Man is one of the most recognizable and popular super-heroes around. Seeing the progression in the quality of the character designs made me realize that a concept or piece of art can always be improved. I realized that I should always strive to keep making my work the best it can be.
After I observed every detail of the Avengers exhibit, I wandered around the rest of the museum until I came to the “Darth Vader & Son” exhibit that was being advertised outside. The “Darth Vader & Son” pieces were a series of short comic trips. They all portrayed how Darth Vader would be as a father to a little Luke Skywalker. My favorite one featured a pouty Luke in his very messy room and Darth Vader scolding him, saying “Luke, I am your father. Do you want a time-out?! ” These short but sweet comics somehow managed to make Vader seem like the loving father that none of us thought he could be.
The background on these pieces stated that the creator, Jeffrey Brown, wanted to cheer-up Star Wars fans after that “depressing, bittersweet” close to the Star Wars saga. His biggest inspiration was his relationship with his kids and his relationship with his own father. This made me realize that ideas for my art didn’t have to be ridiculously innovative or grand. I could find inspiration in the small things in life and draw ideas from things I’m interested in. After obsessively looking at the rest of the exhibits, I finally made my way to the shop. Upon arriving at the shop, I was in awe.
This was no ordinary museum gift shop. It was an actual authentic, legitimate comic book and cartoon shop with huge selections of action figures, books, guides, posters, movies, and lots of other little goods, retro and new. Every shelf, bin, basket, and rack was packed with merchandise. After I finished gawking at how impressive and extensive the shop was, I dove in. I was glared at by the wary clerks who thought I was a thief as I spent an absurd amount of time shifting through the books and other merchandise, reading bits and pieces and picking things up and examining them from every angle.
As I probed the entire store and everything in it, the darkening windows made me realize the sun was setting outside and the museum would be closing soon. I collected the things I felt I absolutely could not leave without and took them to the cashier. I wanted to stay there forever and soak up as much art inspiration as I could. I left with a goofy smile of satisfaction on my face and a strong, fiery motivation to go home and work on my own art. Going to the Cartoon Art Museum was one of my favorite experiences in San Francisco because I took so much away from it.
Visiting CAM made me realize that I was becoming complacent with the quality of my art and made me rethink how I found inspiration for my work. I had been lacking motivation, inspiration, and especially some guidance for a very long time and going there and seeing what inspired me when I was younger actually re-ignited my passion for art and reminded me that I chose to pursue a career as an artist not only because it’s all I know, but also what I love to do. I wouldn’t be happy doing anything else.
Computers vs Tablets argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The Tablet is a mobile computer, primarily operated by touch screen. The tablet was invented to target businessmen who do fieldwork. Companies such as Apple, HP, Samsung and Blackberry currently have tablets on the market. One advantage of a tablet is its portability. It carries a screen size of about 8. 9”, and weighs no more than two pounds. It does not require any external peripherals such as a mouse or keyboard so it not bulky to carry around. Tablets are equipped with various applications. One notable feature of a tablet is an application which allows the user to write notes as oppose to typing.
The program, in turn converts the handwriting into text which can be edited and printed. This is convenient when taking notes in a meeting. Since the tablet is so compact, it has less power consumption and as a result the battery life is longer. Having a battery is critical in that tablets does not rely on an electrical supply, so that in the event the there is a power outage, the tablet is still usable. Although the tablet has many good features, there are some shortcomings. Firstly, the tablet does not come with any optical drives for CD or DVD playback.
As a result, all software program must be downloaded which is a much slower process as oppose to purchasing the installation CD and running it on the system. Some also doesn’t have any Universal Serial Bus (USB) to plug in a flash drive or any other hardware with USB capabilities. Because the primary input device is the touch screen, the user must be able to use this interface. One problem is that the screen is particularly sensitive and sometimes the calibration goes off. Therefore tablets must be handled with extra care. If the screen is damaged, it is very costly to replace.
Even though the tablet’s size is admirable, it can be a disadvantage in that it is easy to steal, as oppose to a desktop which has too many components and is very heavy. Although desktop computer was invented before the tablet and may seem to be outdated, it has some notably good features. One advantage of a desktop computer is its ability to upgrade and expand. The structure of this computer makes it flexible to upgrade many areas such as the processor speed, adding more memory, installing a larger capacity hard drive or getting a better graphics card. Tablets have limitations when it comes to this.
Replacement parts for desktops are also inexpensive and easily accessible. Another edge that desktops have over tablet computers is that the screen is bigger and doing extensive work on it doesn’t pose a threat to your eyes. The screen is much better for viewing movies and playing games. Also, depending on the speakers attached to it, the sound quality would be much better than a tablet. Desktop computers are also less prone to overheating because there are many fans in the system unit which provide adequate ventilation. Since computers are always plugged in to a power source, there is no worry about the battery dying unexpectedly.
This can also have an adverse effect in that once the power supply is cut, the computer shuts down as well and may cause loss of data. Sometimes power surges can damage the motherboard. Another obvious disadvantage is the fact that it is so cumbersome. It takes up a lot of space, from the computer screen, a big tower, a number of cables to additional peripherals. This makes it almost impossible to carry around. From observing these two types of computers, buyers must take some of these points into consideration. As with many devices in the technologically advancing world, there are both pros and cons which definitely worth looking into.
Adidas vs Nike Case Study college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc
Creating a powerful website wherein all products and services offered of the company are available and also a websites which interactive too. 5. Using woman athletes in their advertising tactics: commercials or models. SWOT Analysis Strengths • In many invents is the biggest sponsor • Strong management team • Brand recognition and reputation • Diversity and variety in products offered on the web (footwear, apparel, sporting equipment, etc. ) • Strong control over its own distribution channel • No bad reputation like child labor or environment pollution • In the Soccer industry, Adidas has a stronghold
Weaknesses • High prices in some products • E-commerce is limited to USA • Online customer service not “helpful” or NOT easy to find. Opportunities • Increase female participation in athletics • Collaborate with other online retailers to offer Adidas products • Possibility of outsourcing the web development and e-commerce to a third party developer Threats • Nike’s strong reputation in the footwear and apparel industry too • Negative image created by the sponsored athletes (i. e. Kobe Bryant and his sexual assault case) • Increase in the Price of Raw materials Continuing challenges in import/export duties Competitors Analysis Strengths: • Nike uses a “Make to Stock” customer order which provides a fast service to customers from available stock. • Nike operates Nike Town shoe and sportswear stores, Nike factory outlets and Nike Women shops. Nike sells its products throughout US and in more than 180 countries. • Nike is strong at research and development, as is evidenced by its evolving and innovative product range. They then manufacture wherever they can produce high quality product at the lowest possible price. • Nike Company is great at expanding their product.
Competitors are developing alternative brands to take away Nike’s market share. Objectives of the Analysis 1. To help management understand their competitive advantages/disadvantages relative to competitors. 2. To generate understanding of competitors’ past, present (and most importantly) future strategies 3. To provide an informed basis to develop strategies to achieve competitive advantage in the future. 4. To help forecast the returns that may be made from future investments (e. g. how will competitors respond to a new product or pricing strategy? Strategies . Market Segmentation Most of the consumers of Nike’s products are mainly sportsmen. This is so because of the utility that comes with the products. An athlete is more likely to go a sports shoe designed and marketed by Nike more than a person who detests sporting and exercises. Nike targets these consumers by agreements between Nike and athletic teams, college’s athletic teams, etc. for product sponsorship and eventual promotion to the members of these teams. In this way, Nike is able to reach a wide number of consumers and consumers who are more likely to buy.
Even though others are likely to buy the products, Nike pays specific emphatic targeting to the athlete more than any group of individuals even though it also targets the youth who have embraced the hip hop culture 2. Targeting strategies Nike lays a number of strategies to target their immediate consumers; athletes and other sportsmen. The targeting strategies include among others the sponsorship of products by professional athletic teams, celebrity athletes and college athletic teams. This strategy is specifically successful because of its ability to reach a large number of athletes.
If the athletic team manager prescribes a specific type of track shoes made by Nike, the trainees have no option other than to buy them. The teams can as well buy the track shoes in bulky and supply them to the team members. The second strategy that Nike applies is the designing of product destination. It does this by associating success with the product. For example, when a celebrity athlete sponsors a specific brand of athletic shoes, the brand will be associated with success. This psychological effect is reinforced with advertisements that affirm this position.
Finally, Nike targets the consumers who are likely to develop product intimacy; those who care more about the utility and quality of the product than the price. In this way, the pricing is not affected too much in a bid to accommodate a large number of consumers. 3. Pricing Strategies Nike targets the consumers who embrace product intimacy and thus care less about the product. This has enables Nike to set relatively higher prices than its competitors. This is a strategy that calls for higher pricing points so as to push the perceived product value.
It has been established that consumers who consider a product to be of high quality are likely to pay the high price more often and consistently. Once consumers develop product intimacy, they come to associate their person with the product and will pay whatever price quoted on the product provided it has the Nike logo on it. Another very important thing to note is the fact that Nike uses the vertical integration pricing strategy in which they take ownership of the participants at channel levels that differ and they also engage in multifarious channel level operations both in a bid to control costs and thus influence pricing function. . Distribution Strategies Distribution strategies embraced by an organization can either give them an edge in market or make them lag behind the winners in the market. The more efficient the product distribution is the more sales and thus more profits. The delivery of the right product and at the right time to the consumer not only effects utility but also leads to high degree of consumer satisfaction and loyalty. Nike distributes its products on level basis.
The high priced premium products are given to certain distributors while leaving the low priced to be sold at highly discounted prices at mega retail stores such as Wal-Mart. Whereas Reebok embraced a limited distribution strategy Nike ventured more into a global market capitalization. 5. Promotional and Communication Strategies Apart from Nike selling quality products which have lead to a high degree of customer loyalty, the promotional strategies that the company employs are simply superb. Nike has contracted a number of professional and celebrity athlete which have managed to draw a considerable attention to their products.
Some of the sportsmen signed by Nike include soccer stars such as Ronaldinho, Ronaldo and Roberto Carlos, Basketballers such as Jermaine O’Neal and Lebron James2, tri-athlete Lance Armstrong and golf superstar Tiger Woods. This has created a relatively high degree of Nike products’ awareness. Besides the signing of celebrity sportsmen to promote their products, Nike has also employed a great deal of advertisements through the mass media. Nike employs a selective- demand advertisement focused on the high priced shoes used for traditional sports. Research and Development Plan
Adidas policy is to control and monitor hazardous substance to protect human health and environment, one of those is to eliminate PVC making progress in finding substitutes like polyurethane, ethyl vinyl, silicones thermoplastic rubber. Adidas also provide training sessions on employment standards and HR systems, health and safety is important for the company. Establishing teams to manage and monitor SARS in Asia factory, washing stations, disinfectant units. Adidas join into technology by make up the world’s first smart shoe, adding a microchip inside the shoe and wireless mp3 player.
Also using hot melt system of the production that is environmentally safe, using heat-activated adhesives. The packaging that company use, are suitable for transportation over long distances humid conditions and extreme temperature changes and use recycled paper and other environmentally-friendly packaging materials. Human Resource Plan The welfare of the employees is significant for Adidas family. Adidas identified that in order to achieving the goal to be the global leader in the sporting goods industry depends on the talents, enthusiasm and dedication of the employees.
In order to success their satisfaction Adidas uses various methods. Some of these are: • provide medical insurance for staff located in different cities • improve the housing accumulation fund and social retirement fund coverage • introduce flexible working hours • provide annual performance bonus for eligible employees • Make internal agreements on the use of internet, (mobile) phone and E-mail, on reintegration of employees coming back from parental leave, and on on-call service • Support the existence of formal work council
Adidas as a large international company occupies thousand of employees of different ethics, cultures, and race. Due to the existence of the HR department the potential problems are eliminated. As Adidas has to cover many different job positions, the skills that are demanded are various. HR department recruits both low and high skilled employees depending on each job description. Diversity exists in all matters because there are employees of different age, gender, race, nationality and religion. Alternative Plan and Recommendation In human resource we recommend a continuous training to their employees which are very important.
Have a continuous organized and numerous seminars in all levels of employment. As it is mentioned before, Adidas believes that employees and their talents are critical to the continuing commercial success. For this reason, we recommend Adidas to create a Global Salary Management System which responsibility is to motivate employees through different ways of remuneration and through offering various attractive compensation systems that could be implemented globally. ———————– ADIDAS GROUP OF COMPANY 2012 BRYAN MAWAC RHIZA NEMES 10/11/2012 949 – The foundation 18 August – adidas is registered as a company, named after its founder: ‘Adi’ from Adolf and ‘Das’ from Dassler. 50s – The ‘Miracle of Bern’ 1954 – The ‘Miracle of Bern’ Germany battle Hungary with a competitive advantage. They are wearing adidas soccer boots which for the first time feature removable studs. 60s – Higher Driven by a desire to help all athletes committed to performance, adidas manufactures equipment for what some consider “fringe sports”. Unconventional high jumper Dick Fosbury launches himself up and over in adidas footwear. 0s – The “adidas” team wins Crowning moment: Franz Beckenbauer, the “Kaiser”, raising the World Cup in victory salute. Germany had just beaten Holland 2-1 in the 1974 final. 80s – The transition After Adi Dassler’s death, Adi’s wife Kathe, his son Horst, and his daughters carry on the business. 90s – With a new management Under the CEO Robert Louis-Dreyfus, adidas is moving from being a manufacturing and sales based company to a marketing company. 1995 – adidas goes public Flotation of the company on the Frankfurt and Paris Stock Exchange. 1996 – A splendid year
The “three-stripes company” equips 6,000 Olympic athletes from 33 countries. adidas athletes win 220 medals, including 70 gold. Apparel sales increase 50%. 1997 – adidas-Salomon AG adidas AG acquires the Salomon Group with the brands Salomon, TaylorMade, Mavic and Bonfire in December 1997. The new company is named adidas-Salomon AG. 1999 – The new brands The integration of the new brands is gaining momentum. The new TaylorMade FireSole clubs boost sales. Salomon in-line skates take off with high double-digit growth during the first half of 1999. 2000 – New management
Following personnel changes, the new management initiates an ambitious Growth and Efficiency Program. Major sports events such as the European Soccer Championship EURO 2000™ and the Olympic Summer Games, where swimmer Ian Thorpe takes three gold medals, contribute to the company’s success. 2005 – Sale of Salomon The Salomon Group (including Salomon, Mavic, Bonfire, Cliche and Arc’Teryx) is being sold to Amer Sports in October 2005. The new adidas Group is focusing even more on its core strength in the athletic footwear and apparel market as well as the growing golf category.
The legal name of the company will change to “adidas AG” in May/June 2006. 2006 – adidas-Salomon AG acquires Reebok The closing of the Reebok transaction on January 31, 2006 marks a new chapter in the history of the adidas Group. By combining two of the most respected and well-known brands in the worldwide sporting goods industry, the new Group will benefit from a more competitive worldwide platform, well-defined and complementary brand identities, a wider range of products, and a stronger presence across teams, athletes, events and leagues. [pic] [pic] [pic] [pic]
Segmented Essays college essay help service: college essay help service
Like musical compositions, nonfiction need not to be one uninterrupted melody, one movement, but can also be the arrangement of distinct and discrete miniatures, changes of temp, sonority, melody, separated by silences. Think of a triptych like Hieronymus Bosch’s three-part masterpiece, The Garden of Earthly Delights, with its large central section displaying “The World before Noah,” one side panel depicting “The Marriage of Adam and Eve,” the other depicting “Hell. Like a polyptych painting, nonfiction need not be one self-contained and harmonious picture but can also be an arrangement of separate images, a retable or reredos of scenes and portraits collectively viewed but separated by borders and frames. The spaces in a segmented essay are like the silences between songs on a recording, the use of emptiness in a photographs to highlight or foreground images, the time lapse between two hyperlinks on a website, the time it takes to shift focus from one facet of a multifaceted object to another, the breaks between poems in a sonnet sequence.
We learn what we learn, we know what we know, we experience what we live in segments and sections, fragments, moments, movements, periods, disjunctions, and juxtapositions. The inventions and manipulations of character and plot that are the hallmark of the novelist’s creativity are the barriers of the nonfictionist’s psychology; the willingness to settle for the fictionist’s “higher truth through fabrication” negates the nonfictionist’s chances of even visiting the vicinity of the kind of earthbound and actual truth that is nonfiction’s special province.
This is what the spaces say: arrange the viewing of the panels so that you see their relationships in the juxtapositions rather than in a unified unbroken whole; linger your thoughts on the melody just ended before you hear the one about to begin; expect to know whatever this essay is about in the same way you know anything else, in fragments of certainty and segments of supposition, surrounded by gaps in your knowledge and borders of uncertainty.
The Future of Customer Experience melbourne essay help: melbourne essay help
Frowareness, discovery, attraction, interaction, purchase, use, cultivation and advocacy. It can also be used to mean an individual experience over one transaction; the distinction is usually clear in context. Analysts and commentators who write about customer experience (CX) and customer relationship management have increasingly recognized the importance of managing the customer’s experience. Customers receive some kind of experience, ranging from positive to negative, during the course of buying goods and services. BlackBerry takes a look into the future of customer experience.
This video depicts what the future of retailing could look like in the near future. A young woman uses mobile technology to identify, search and buy an outfit for a wedding and to interact with retailers in the online and physical worlds. This video also details how retailers can use mobile technology in the future to collaborate, and respond faster to trends and customer demand. This video shows how businesses could use integrated social networking to better serve customers and to improve employee collaboration and engagement.
A fictional utilities company uses social networking to track, respond and improve their customer experience and service levels whilst increasing staff productivity. In this video, existing technologies have been re-imagined with smarter devices and better experiences. It showcases device integration, sharing and social networking, e-commerce, retail management systems, GPS tracking, mobile payment systems and augmented reality. BlackBerry takes a look at the impact mobile technology could have in the future of customer service. Analysis of the case
The Future of Customer Experience? It’s Getting Personal No matter what business, a growing percentage of customers are nearly always connected, with instant access to more advanced tools and detailed information than many enterprises had just a few years ago. These smart, digitally empowered consumers and businesses have the power to behave in a far smarter and better-informed manner than ever before. This power has also radically changed customer expectations, driving demand for better, more innovative, and personalized products, services, and experiences.
This should come as no surprise to any executive. Given a choice, each of us (as well as our customers) prefers experiences tailored to our unique wants and needs. Firms that are best able to do so have significant competitive advantage over those that cannot. Though the promise–and power–of personalization has been at the forefront of marketing theory for some time, its widespread application to customer experience is only just beginning. Today, disruptive digital innovation is changing the ways companies serve their customers, as well as the ways these customers expect to be treated.
Personalization is the Foundation Of Innovative Customer Experience. In the age of smart customers, personalization is the future of experience. Mass production and consumption of news, entertainment, products, and services have already lost the battle, giving way to personalization and customization. Apps such as Zite and Flipboard allow each of us to totally personalize the ways we consume news. Amazon has personalized the ways we shop, and Netflix and Hulu how we watch movies, TV, and other media programming.
Pandora serves up increasingly personalized musical streams based on a listener’s taste (“thumbs up; thumbs down”), continuously learning about users’ musical preferences based on real-time customer feedback. There are hundreds of examples, with more coming every day. The point is these increasing levels of digitally driven personalization allow customers to choose what they consume, from whom, and how they interact with and consume it. These digital experiences are training smart customers to expect everything, from every company–product, services, experiences, and more–to be customized in a similar manner.
When it comes to innovative customer experience, this all leads to one word: personalization. ‘One Size Fits All’ Simply Doesn’t Fly Anymore. And It Doesn’t Have To. No company can afford to or needs to deliver a fully customized “ideal experience” to each individual customer across the range of digital, human, and static touchpoints and interactions. The fact is, some customers are simply worth more than others, and it takes a great deal of intelligence for companies to figure out what the “right” experiences are for any given group of customers, much less how to personalize them.
The good news is, “smart touchpoints” and the data they can produce, combined with the ability to analyze the digital breadcrumbs and data that surrounds almost every customer, means that any firm of any size has the tools for intelligent personalization at hand. Starting with what can be the biggest step, a firm needs to be willing to adjust its offerings to the needs of individual customers based on an understanding of what those individual customers (or the smallest possible groups they represent) want, and how that’s different from others.
The more effectively a company uses customer information to understand and acknowledge both the differences and similarities, the easier it will be to provide benefits uniquely suited to those customers. In ways never before possible, you can approach them with truly personalized, highly customized offers, through relevant channels, in ways that drive stronger, more profitable relationships, better serving your customers by giving them exactly what they want, when they want it. Result: Customer experiences that are not only highly differentiated, but that cannot be easily duplicated by others.
It is infact the hardest thing for competitors to copy. For many companies, it isn’t obvious to executives how or why they should provide meaningful personalization. Their customers have been satisfied with the existing product lineup. Their products may be commodities, or perhaps their firms are in a regulated utility. While the desire to create a “differentiated customer experience” is high on the list of objectives when it comes to customer experience strategy, they do not yet grasp that the most effective customer experiences are those tailored in a significant manner to meet the needs of that particular customer.
They simply don’t realize how fast customer expectations are changing, and what this means to the design of forward-looking customer experience strategies today. Companies that do realize this–and take action as a result–will create truly differentiated, category-leading experiences that make interacting with them so relevant, so much more convenient, and so perfectly suited to customers’ wants and needs that they won’t even consider switching to a competitor. Points to consider while designing a customer experience
The world has changed and the balance of power has shifted to the customers. The speed with which consumers have shifted to all things digital/social/mobile has taken many companies by surprise. “It’s like skating to a ping-pong ball 1. PERSONALIZATION AND CONTEXT With consumers adopting evermore numerous channels and devices to access information and interact with brands, businesses are scrambling to figure out how to deliver a more unified customer experience. In the wake of this, two new mantras are on the lips of every marketer: personalization and context.
As a larger number of users become more familiar with social/mobile technologies, they’ll likely use them in more complex ways: sophistication breeds heightened expectation. Consumers will favor brands that provide context and relevance to their daily lives. Businesses can accomplish this by producing quality content that is not only relevant to their brand’s target audience, but promoted (and optimized) over multiple channels such as web, mobile and social, and accessible to them on demand. For many, this presents a daunting challenge that will likely put a strain on existing resources.
If this is the case for a brand, they may want to consider outsourcing to an inbound marketing services agency that specializes on all aspects of digital marketing. Key Inferences * An explosion of customer touchpoints is at hand. Digital customer experience today is defined primarily by websites, with mobile applications on smartphones not far behind, and the future will include as many as 10 additional customer touchpoints. Deciding which channels to incorporate into your strategy is crucial to defining your organization’s future in digital customer experience. A unified experience requires the right people, process, and technology foundations. Customers love their devices but also want consistency across the devices and apps they use. Unified experiences that cross touchpoints demand improved yet common designs, common content assets and application code, and delivery processes tuned for speed and harmonized skills and roles. * Investments in unified experience foundations will pay off now. Investments in foundations for unified customer experiences will pay dividends in the short term.
Is It Important for a Manager narrative essay help: narrative essay help
Theory when striving to improve an employee’s job satisfaction and motivation? Understanding what motivated employees and how they were motivated was thXof many researchers following the publication of the Hawthorne Study results (Terpstra, 1979). Five major approaches that have led to our understanding of motivation are Maslow’s need-hierarchy theory, Herzberg’s two- factor theory, Vroom’s expectancy theory, Adams’ equity theory, and Skinner’s reinforcement theory.
John Stacey Adams’ Equity Motivation Theory allows you to put workplace psychology into action and increase your own or your team’s motivation. Adams’ equity theory builds on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, and was first presented in 1963. (Adams, 1965) Adams’ Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee’s inputs (hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm, etc. ) and an employee’s outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition, etc. ).
According to the theory, finding this fair balance serves to ensure a strong and productive relationship is achieved with the employee, with the overall result being contented, motivated employees. John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, put forward his Equity Theory on job motivation in 1963. There are similarities in the simpler theories of Maslow, Herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the theory acknowledges the subtle and variable factors affect each individual’s assessment and perception of their relationship with their work and thereby their employer.
The theory is built-on the belief that employees become de-motivated, both in relation to their job and their employer, if they feel as though their inputs are greater than the outputs. Employees can be expected to respond to this in different ways, including de-motivation (generally to the extent the employee perceives the disparity between the inputs and the outputs exist), reduced effort, becoming disgruntled, or, in more extreme cases, perhaps even disruptive. (Adams, 1965) However, awareness and cognizance of the wider situation and comparison feature more strongly in Equity Theory than in many other earlier motivational models.
Therefore, the equity theory model extends beyond the individual self and incorporates influence and comparison of other people’s situations. For example; colleagues and friends in forming a comparative view and awareness of equity, which commonly manifests as a sense of what is fair. In other words, when people feel fairly or advantageously treated they are more likely to be motivated; when they feel unfairly treated they are highly prone to feelings of disaffection and de-motivation. The way that people measure this sense of fairness is at the heart of Equity Theory.
In terms of how the theory applies to work and management, we each seek a fair balance between what we put into our job and what we get out of it. But how do we decide what is a fair balance? The answer lies in Equity Theory. Importantly we arrive at our measure of fairness by comparing our balance of effort and reward, and other factors of give and take (the ratio of input and output) with the balance or ratio enjoyed by other people, whom we deem to be relevant reference points or examples.
This means that Equity does not depend on our input-to-output ratio alone; it depends on our comparison between our ratio and the ratio of others. Adams called personal efforts and rewards and other similar ‘give and take’ issues at work respectively ‘inputs’ and ‘outputs’. Inputs are logically what we give or put into our work. Outputs are everything we take out in return. Equity and thereby the motivational situation we might seek to assess using the model, is not dependent on the extent to which a person believes reward exceeds effort nor even necessarily on the belief that reward exceeds effort at all.
Rather, equity and the sense of fairness which commonly underpins motivation is dependent on the comparison a person makes between his or her reward/investment ratio with the ratio enjoyed (or suffered) by others considered to be in a similar situation. These terms help emphasize what people put into their work includes many factors besides working hours, and what people receive from their work includes many things aside from money. Adams used the term ‘referent’ others to describe the reference points or people with whom we compare our own situation, which is the pivotal part of the theory.
Equity Theory is quite different from merely assessing effort and reward. Equity Theory adds a crucial additional perspective of comparison people we consider in a similar situation. Equity theory thus helps explain why pay and conditions alone do not determine motivation. We form perceptions of what constitutes a fair ratio (a balance or trade) of inputs and outputs by comparing our own situation with other (reference points or examples) in the market place as we see it. In practice this helps to explain why people are so strongly affected by the situations (and views and gossip) of colleagues, friends, partners etc. in establishing their own personal sense of fairness or equity in their work situations. Adams’ Equity Theory is therefore a far more complex and sophisticated motivational model than merely assessing effort (inputs) and reward (outputs). The actual sense of equity or fairness (or inequity or unfairness) within Equity Theory is arrived at only after incorporating a comparison between our own input and output ratio with the input and output ratios that we see or believe to be experienced or enjoyed by others in similar situations.
This comparative aspect of Equity Theory provides a far more fluid and dynamic appreciation of motivation than typically arises in motivational theories and models based on individual circumstance alone. For example, Equity Theory explains why people can be happy and motivated by their situation one day, and yet with no change to their terms and working conditions can be made very unhappy and de-motivated, if they learn for example that a colleague (or worse an entire group) is enjoying a better reward-to-effort ratio. It also explains why giving one person a promotion or pay-raise can have a de-motivating effect on others.
Note also, importantly, that what matters is the ratio, not the amount of effort or reward per se. This explains for example why and how full-time employees will compare their situations and input-to-output ratios with part-time colleagues, who very probably earn less, however it is the ratio of input-to-output – reward-to-effort – which counts, and if the part-timer is perceived to enjoy a more advantageous ratio, then so this will have a negative effect on the full-timers sense of Equity, and with it, their personal motivation.
Remember also that words like efforts and rewards, or work and pay, are an over-simplification and hence Adams’ use of the terms inputs and outputs, which more aptly cover all aspects of what a person gives, sacrifices, tolerates, invests, etc. , into their work situation, and all aspects of what a person receives and benefits from in their work and wider career, as they see it. If we feel are that inputs are fairly rewarded by outputs (the fairness benchmark being subjectively perceived from market norms and other comparable references) then generally we are happier in our work and more motivated to continue inputting at the same level.
If we feel that our ratio of inputs to outputs is less beneficial than the ratio enjoyed by referent others, then we become de-motivated in relation to our job and employer. inputsequity dependent on comparing own ratio of input/output with ratios of ‘referent’ othersoutputs Inputs are typically: effort, loyalty, hard work, commitment, skill, ability, adaptability, flexibility, tolerance, determination, heart and soul, enthusiasm, trust in our boss and superiors, support of colleagues and subordinates, personal sacrifice, etc. People need to feel that there is a fair balance between inputs and outputs.
Crucially fairness is measured by comparing one’s own balance or ratio between inputs and outputs, with the ratio enjoyed or endured by relevant (‘referent’) others. Outputs are typically all financial rewards – pay, salary, expenses, perks, benefits, pension arrangements, bonus and commission – plus intangibles – recognition, reputation, praise and thanks, interest, responsibility, stimulus, travel, training, development, sense of achievement and advancement, promotion, etc. People respond to a feeling of inequity in different ways.
Generally the extent of de-motivation is proportional to the perceived disparity with other people or inequity, but for some people just the smallest indication of negative disparity between their situation and other people’s is enough to cause massive disappointment and a feeling of considerable injustice, resulting in de-motivation, or worse, open hostility. Some people reduce effort and application and become inwardly disgruntled, or outwardly difficult, recalcitrant or even disruptive. Other people seek to improve the outputs by making claims or demands for more reward, or seeking an alternative job.
Understanding Equity Theory and especially its pivotal comparative aspect helps managers and policy-makers to appreciate that while improving one person’s terms and conditions can resolve that individual’s demands (for a while), if the change is perceived by other people to upset the Equity of their own situations then the solution can easily generate far more problems than it attempted to fix. Equity Theory reminds us that people see themselves and the way they are treated in terms of their surrounding environment, team, system, etc. ot in isolation and so they must be managed and treated accordingly. The diagram emphasizes the calibration of the scales; the comparison of input/output ratios is the crucial aspect, not merely a judgment of whether rewards are appropriate for efforts: It is important for a manager to consider several factors when striving to improve an employee’s job satisfaction, motivation level, etc. , and what can be done to promote higher levels of each. Managers need to strike a healthy balance here, with outputs on one side of the scale; inputs on the other both weighing in a way that seems reasonably equal.
Evacuation essay help tips: essay help tips
Evacuation was imperative in Britain in the war years for the safety of its people. It protected children from the devastation that war generated throughout Britain’s major cities. Had they stayed to face it, their lives would have been almost certainly ruined or often taken by air raids. Evacuation gave these children and Britain a future to look to after the war. However, there were problems facing the hosts and evacuees alike during these years. Evacuation uncovered many social ills and did not entirely protect children from trauma.
Evacuation highlighted many cultural and lifestyle clashes, with city life opposing rural life. Many mothers were uncertain in the first place whether to evacuate their children- naturally separation of parents from their offspring caused a lot of heartache on both sides. Children were evacuated, but people were not enthusiastic about it; and in the years before the Blitz it became apparent to some people that the major cities were not going to be……
Not all peoples reactions and opinions were the same when the policy of evacuation came to light in the second world war. Some people thought of evacuation as pointless and a waste of time and money. Many people thought that German Bombers could get you were ever you went, whether you stayed in the town, or moved into safety in the country. On the other hand, some people thought evacuation was a good idea. It meant that their children stayed safe and that the children would be given a better chance of survival out in the country.
At the start of world war two, children were evacuated into the countryside. The government made sure evacuation happened as soon as possible because they expected that Germany would send its bombers over… The government knew that cities would be bombed, and thought that gas would be used. A million coffins were prepared. It was feared that many child casualties would affect morale, so pressure was put on parents to send the children away to the safety of the countryside. Families gathered at railway stations.
A label was tied to the children giving their destination. The evacuations began on 1st September 1939. Some parents refused to allow their children to leave, but amazing numbers sent them away. Over one million evacuees left London by train. School children travelled with their teachers. Children under five went with their mothers. Pregnant women were also evacuated For many children the journey was exciting, they had never seen the country before. It was the first time they had seen farm animals.
For many others it was the first time they had been away from home and they were very distressed. Many evacuees felt homesick. Strangers chose them and took them to live in their homes. They went to the local school and had to make new friends. Some ended up with brutal or dirty carers. The country was different to city life. Some never settled down in their new homes. Others – such as the comedian Kenneth Williams – were happier with their new families than they had been at home. Very young children sometimes forgot their real parents.
Country people found the city children hard to cope with. They were horrified by their ignorance – for instance, many were amazed to find out that milk came from a cow. Many evacuees were poor – they had never worn underclothes, eaten food from a table or slept in a bed. Some were filthy and naughty. Many wet the bed. There was no bombing between September and Christmas so many parents took their children home again. Some children were evacuated again the next year and some stayed in the country for the whole of the war.
Fire Investigation essay help app: essay help app
I have chosen t write my paper on a fire that occurred on February 4th, 2007 and was initially reported at 0934 in a small town in Pennsylvania. The weather at the time of the incident included a high temperature of fourteen degrees, with a low of three degrees. Winds were between ten and twenty miles per hour and there were gusts up to thirty miles per hour. This fire killed one firefighter a 27 year old male with approximately thirteen total years experience twelve and a half of those being volunteer, it also injured another firefighter, a 38 year old male with a total of eighteen years of experience.
A canopy collapsed upon the two of them trapping them under the debris. Initially two Engines and one command vehicle were dispatched to the fire. A total of five firefighters and one chief were initially on scene. Upon arrival the dispatch center was notified to request mutual aid RIT team and to initiate a recall of the departments off duty firefighters. The first to arrive was the departments own TS-2 vehicle with an additional 4 off-duty firefighters. The mutual aid RIT team arrives just as the canopy collapses trapping two firefighters. The RIT team consisted of four additional firefighters.
Later a helicopter and two ambulances were requested. The structure involved in this incident included a residential two story house with an attached garage built in 1910, and last renovated in 1950. The house dimensions were approximately 48 feet long by 20 feet wide and the garage was approximately 24 feet long and 24 feet wide. The garage was of traditional wooden construction. The garage had a peaked gable roof with attic storage, and the floor was concrete. The garage was connected to the property’s 2-story house by a small vestibule room.
The home was of balloon construction, was 1,316 square feet. The garage was also attached to an irregular-shaped concrete block structure that had been a commercial motorcycle shop at one time. A large canopy covered the main garage door. This canopy did not have support columns underneath. Three metal bars connected the canopy to the garage’s roof rafters by turn buckles. The canopy had a slight pitch for water runoff and it was two layers thick (studs, plywood, and shingles covered by another layer of studs, plywood, and shingles. The initial attack on the fire included two engines and five firefighters. Heavy black smoke was reported upon arrival. A four inch hose was laid from the hydrant to the first arriving engine. One one hundred and fifty foot inch and three quarter preconnect hand line was deployed and the two firefighters made entry into the garage. When the second arriving engine got on scene the also connected to a hydrant and took an additional inch and three quarter preconnect hand line to another part of the structure to make entry.
The hose lines had little effect on the fire at first due to heavy fuel loads in the structure. According to state fire marshal investigators, the cause and origin of the fire was faulty electrical wiring in the vestibule. The fire started low on an interior wall and traveled up the wall to both the house and garage. The fire spread rapidly through the garage attic area. No accelerants were used to spread the fire but were present in the garage as they are in many garages across the country. The fire was not ruled as an arson but rather Accidental.
The owner of the building initially tried to put the fire out with a ? -inch garden hose before calling the fire department. Both the house and the garage were extremely cluttered with an accumulation of various household articles which restricted access and made entry difficult thus impeding fire fighting efforts further. The large unsupported canopy over the front of the garage collapsed at 1010 hours approximately thirty-six minutes after being reported. The structure gave no warning signs of collapse although it had been burning for over a half hour. That in itself should have been enough of a clue.
The two firefighters were under the canopy directing there hose stream into the garage attacking the fire from side A. Three other firefighters from the second engine were on side B fighting fire inside the house. Four other firefighters who had just arrived in the TS-2 vehicle were setting up a master stream. Just as the canopy collapsed the RIT team showed up. They immediately responded to the collapse and began trying to locate the two downed firefighters. The canopy hit the first firefighter in the back and knocked his helmet off. One of his arms was pinned by the construction materials of the canopy.
The other arm was free, so he activated his PASS and started pounding on debris. He removed his face piece when the air in his SCBA cylinder ran out. The first firefighter was located quickly due to a void in the material and was immediately extricated using saws and other tools. The second firefighter who was killed was also struck by the collapsing canopy and was pinned under the debris. His location was unknown and only a muffled pass device was heard. Because of the unknown location the use of saws was restricted and airbags were employed to lift the material.
The system froze up due to the cold weather and water overspray, so a mechanical spreader was used to raise the debris. When the victim was finally found his arms were pinned and he was still in all of his PPE including his mask. He was lying on his right side and was not breathing and his mask was immediately removed and CPR was initiated while his legs were still pinned under the remaining debris. He was transported by ground ambulance to a local hospital where he was pronounced dead. According to the coroners’ findings, the cause of death for the victim was asphyxiation due to entrapment under a collapsed roof.
Ancient Women Powerfull or Powerless law essay help: law essay help
In ancient world, men’s and women’s life were highly segregated. Man worked in public places while women were confined to their homes, where they managed the household and raised children with the help of slave. This does not mean that women did not have a social, public and economic life. David Cohen says that Athenian women participated in many activities such as working in fields, acting as nurse and many other activities. Women were considered week in front of men, role’s of men were given more importance than roles of women.
The role of women may differ depending upon the class of the women or the region of Greece she belong. It is believed that Spartan women enjoyed more freedom than Athenian women. Women also participated in religious festivals and in a sacrifice as said by Cohen. The relationship of women with man is made evident through the household, government and in wars. Women also had some political ability which has been made evident through the play Lysistrata by Aristophanes where Lysistrata portrays the political ability by bringing the devastating Peloponnesian was to a end.
The roles played by men and women in ancient Greek society are made evident through the play Lysistrata by Aristophanes. In the play an indication is given of women’s role in the households and their relationship with man. As this play was written by a male playwright it also provides a male point of view towards women. Women role were confined to the house where they produce legitimate children and ensuring that that household activities were executed.
Sarah Pomeroy say, “The primary duty of citizen women towards the polis[city] was the production of legitimate heirs to the oikoi, or families, whose aggregate comprised the citizenry. ” The women place was seen being within the home as Lysistrata provides evidence of this when, Cleonice, states, “…but it’s not easy, you know, for women to leave the house. One is busy pottering about her husband; another is getting the servant up; a third is putting her child asleep or washing the brat or feeding it. Households were the only place in which women have power, as they were in command. The role of women to produce legitimate children was viewed as a most important duty of women. Women also participated in rites and rituals. The burial rites were most likely the mid ritual women were involved with. The roles of women in rituals are concerned with how Athenian women participated in religious festivals as stated in Lysistrata. This displays that Greek women participated in rites and rituals. The elationship between men and women in ancient Greek society illustrates the role of women was in relation to household duties and everyday affairs. A Women’s actions were expected to be respectful towards men and were dependent upon their husbands. The women’s were not also able to have an initiate communication with one, as it is displayed in Lysistrata when Lysistrata addresses the magistrate who then replies back, “You disgusting creature,” as he is appalled with her nonconformist manner.
Men did not believe that women’s were capable of running the state as their political roles were viewed with contempt; despite the fact that they run the households in an efficient manner. Politics was not the business of women their business was confined to their household activities. This is displayed in Lysistrata when she asks about the affairs of the state and the response she receives is, “Shut up and mind your own business! ” The involvement of women in war is seen in the same way as their involvement in politics. Go and attend to your work; let war be the care of the men folks. ” This is from Lysistrata shows the reply to women’s involvement on the war effort. However, Lysistrata says that women did contribute greatly to the war, “We’ve given you sons, and then had to send them off to fight. ” Women did have power within the households but they did not have any power over men, this is the reason why women did not posses many roles in the politics. The male view of women portrayed throughout the play is degrading of women.
Popular opinion through the play is that women are drunkards and sex-crazed. In Lysistrata it states, “If it had been a Bacchus celebration they’d been asked to attend – or something in honor of Pan or Aphrodite – particularly Aphrodite! You wouldn’t have been able to move. ” This extract shows the opinion as Bacchus was the god of wine and Aphrodite the goddess of love, therefore implying that these are the festivals the women took pleasure in. The men also viewed women as being sub-human as said in Lysistrata, “There is no beast as shameless as a women. The women’s were also believed to be sensitive and emotional. The overall male view about women were seen as insignificant and an annoyance. All these roles played by women were slightly varied between the different cultures. Athenian women were different from Spartan women as their lives were much freer, as is alluded to in Lysistrata when the Spartan, Lampito, comments on her daily activities, “If we were in training. ” There is also mention of the Metic women in Lysistrata who were able to carry out commercial roles.
However, despite these differences, the women of citizen families, whether they were of middle class or royalty, still carried out the same roles and still had very little freedom and rights. It is made evidently apparent all the roles which women played in ancient Greek society and their relationship with men through these roles. Women in ancient Greece were given little to no freedom and rights, and their only true place of power was in the household.
The Impervious Perception of William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help
Night was supposedly originally written for the entertainment of Queen Elizabeth I. William Shakespeare’s comedy associates with the Feast of Epiphany (January 6th) and was means for entertainment in the seventeenth century. It contains some aspects that can be thought of as a successful comedy when compared to the standards of today’s society. The play incorporates some of the very same devices that are used in modern comedies today, such as topsy-turvy romance, foolery, and mistaken identities.
Twelfth Night also involves many cultural aspects that would be tough for an audience today to relate with. Some of these ideas are social class, dialect, and lack of modern technology that affect our lives today. Shakespeare appeared ahead of his time since this comic play can relate to an audience of modern times, but it poses some obstructions for the modern audience to appreciate it to the same degree that his original audiences did. In the play Twelfth Night, Shakespeare explores and illustrates the emotion of love with precise detail. Throughout the play Shakespeare examines two different types of love: true love and self-love.
Twelfth Night consists of many love triangles, however many of the characters that are tangled up in the web of love are blind to see that their emotions and feelings toward other characters are untrue. Lies and deception overwhelm the play causing characters to be swindled by themselves and/or the others around them. “However, Twelfth Night is not just a play of bawdy jokes and pratfalls: like all Shakespeare’s comedies, it has its own brand of enchantment. The famous opening lines in which Orsino declares his love for Olivia, surely some of the loveliest in Shakespeare’s lexicon, set the tone” (Croggon).
William Shakespeare didn’t only use witty jokes to fill up the script but rather incorporated a romance triangle between three main characters. Topsy-turvy romance is common in successful plays and movies today, so this scheme would cause good entertainment for audiences today because of the multiple twists and spontaneity of the feelings of the characters, which current audiences enjoy. There are certain instances in the play where the emotion of love is true, and the two people involved feel very strongly toward one another. One case of true love is on a less intimate and romantic scale, and more family oriented.
Viola and Sebastian’s love for one another is a bond felt by all siblings. Through their times of sorrow and mourning for each of their apparent deaths they still loved each other. They believed deep down that maybe someway or by some miracle that each of them was still alive and well. Even though an occurrence like this is very rare, many modern audiences sympathize with the situation. Many people, even in today’s society, love themselves more then anything else. Twelfth Night addresses the issue of self-love and how it affects peoples lives.
Malvolio is the easiest to identify with the problem of self-love. He sees himself as a handsome and noble man. Malvolio believes many women would love to be with him. He likes to see things one way only, and he deceives himself just to suit his outlook on the situation. For example, in the play he twists Olivia’s words around to make it sound like she admires his yellow cross-gartered stockings, when she really despises them. Another example of self-love involves both Sir Toby and Olivia. They each show signs of self-love but it is not to the same extent as Malvolio.
Sir Toby only cares about himself and no one else, not even his friends. He ignores Maria’s warnings about drinking into the night, and he continues to push Sir Andrew to court Olivia. Although he believes Sir Andrew doesn’t have a chance. Olivia cares about the people around her, but she also believes that no man is worthy of her beauty. She thinks she is “all that,” and that no one can match her. Self-love is evident in multiple plays in the modern world today; everyone loves something about themselves whether or not they are vocal about it.
In Twelfth Night, the fools are the ones that control the comedy and humor in the play. They assist in the make believe game and fool around with characters who “evade reality or rather realize a dream”. In Twelfth Night, Feste, Maria and Sir Toby are the fools that make the comedy work in many senses. They create the confusion through humor and it all works out in the end to make William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night a comical play of his time and today. In Twelfth Night, the clown and the fools are the ones who combine humor and wit to make the comedy work, just like in many comical plays in today’s society.
Modern audiences would laugh from the foolery caused by these characters while the comic truth is unwinding to build up this comedy. Another aspect of the play that can easily relate to modern audiences is, William Shakespeare’s use of mistaken identities and true-life experiences especially mourning for the loss of family and love obsessions, are among the main focuses of the play. Many people in the audience of today would most likely be able to relate to Olivia’s intense mourning of her brother, since people’s feelings and actions at the time of loss don’t change just the periods of times that they occur do.
Love is commonly used in many forms of works of entertainment because it is an unsolved mystery that everyone usual enjoys watching or reading. The infatuation that the Duke has for Olivia is comical throughout the play and forces the Duke to say outlandish comments. “It is merely to remember that Twelfth Night is a romance as much as it is a farce, and that part of its power is in how, however lightly, it touches the heart. The despair of exile and alienation, the erotic obsessions of romantic love, the grief of loss, are all made minor themes, occasions only for the joke of the play.
And consequently, the play’s meanings are muddied: the romantic scenes have an air of confusion, unlike the comedy, in which every action is absolutely clear” (Croggon). In today’s society most people have experienced love and taken action that may be perceived as unusual to sustain the feeling, which is why many young lovers could relate themselves to the various scenes of the Duke’s rants of passion. However, there are portions of the play that lack excitement caused by action, which might persuade the modern audiences to perceive the play as boring.
Entertainment in our times now involves plenty of action, which creates a certain thrill for us; this is where Twelfth Night is most lacking for good reviews among viewers in America today. The play is overwhelming with its witty dialogue, which causes for a lack of exhilaration between the characters, since there are no real battles or famous deaths among them. The only proclaimed ‘duel’, between Sir Toby and Malvolio, is not even very well described and doesn’t play a major role in the interactions between the characters.
The ‘duel’ over a drunken fool and a self-loving noble almost goes unnoticed except for the complaining and lies of Sir Toby. Audiences in today’s world seek action, like in other plays of Shakespeare’s’ where feuds or glorious deaths take part. Also select few might find the roles of the woman to be offensive since they are first played by males and seen as oppressed for their gender. Viola disguises herself as a boy in order to protect herself and to obtain employment by the Duke. In the beginning of he play her reasoning for disguise is carefully thought out because males are less questioned and perhaps respected more. “Shakespeare’s comedies, she argues, are used either to reaffirm the subordination of women to men in marriage, or to call all social and political institutions into question by focusing obsessively on male greed, corruption, and narcissism. In both cases, productions of the ‘woman-centered comedies’ succeed in displacing women’s perspectives and experiences from center stage, substituting, instead, the culturally-valorized story of men’s desires, failures, and ideals” (Moroney).
Woman in Shakespeare’s plays seem to be somewhat downgraded which could vex certain members of the audience in today’s society. Many advances in the status of woman have occurred since the time that the play was written in, this could present as a major issue causing controversy. In the Twelfth Night there isn’t too much oppression of woman taking place, but still exsists so it is possible only extreme woman activist might take the greatest offense. Twelfth Night is a play of many serious matters such as love, death, marriage, and true identity.
These four aspects are still truly deemed as important and relevant too much of the audiences today, as they were to the audiences of William Shakespeare’s time. Even though many of these aspects are meant to be serious, Shakespeare encompasses them together with a common impression of comedy that is rendered in his play to cause the audience to laugh. This laughter can be shared amongst any audience of either the seventeenth century and the twenty first century hence why his plays are still performed today and appreciated by many.
Harlequin Enterprises essay help service: essay help service
The Mira Decision Harlequin Enterprises has dominated the series romance fiction novel market since the 1970’s. Harlequin has fought off every major competitor in this genre and maintained consistent performance for multiple decades. Brand loyalty, worldwide production capabilities, production efficiencies, creative control, and distribution are the strengths that Harlequin utilizes to dominate the series romance genre. Having a consistent product has helped Harlequin establish a loyal customer base with over 70 million readers worldwide.
Surveys indicate that four out of five readers continue to purchase Harlequin books the next year. To keep creativity at a high level Harlequin utilizes over 1,300 authors worldwide to develop the stories while the editors maintain strict control to ensure that the product remains consistent. This method allows Harlequin to maintain a high level of creativity and at the same time keep costs low since they do not have to pay up front the millions of dollars single title novel authors require. Legal fees for retaining authors are also low for Harlequin since they use standardized contracts vs. custom contracts typical to the single title genre.
Harlequin has a very strong distribution, selling and production system. Harlequin distributes and sells its products in two successful ways: direct retail sales and direct mail. Harlequin novels are available in over 250,000 retail outlets around the world. They do not solely rely on the typical “big box” book stores such as Barnes and Noble; instead Harlequin utilizes supermarkets, drug stores, kiosks, etc. The book dimensions are designed especially for the racks at the supermarkets. The other source of readership comes from Harlequin’s loyal “Reader Service” book club. Nearly 60% of all books sold in the U. S. were from the book club.
Book club sales are sold at full cover price so Harlequin has healthy profit margins from this market. A weakness for Harlequin is that it is the leader in a market that is mature and experiencing slow growth. Harlequin’s entire business model is set up specifically for the series romance genre. According to Donna Hayes, VP Direct Marketing, “our strengths lie in series romance. ” While harlequin series romance sales have increases roughly 9% in five years, single title romance book sales have increased over 35% in the same period. Harlequin has failed in previous attempts to enter the single title romance market.
Their Worldwide Library single title romance program was shut down after two years on the market. A result of the Worldwide Library shutdown was the exodus of many of their popular authors. Many of these authors started their careers with Harlequin but left for other high profile single title publishers willing to pay large amounts to win over the authors. Deciding if Harlequin has a competitive advantage can be looked at from two angles both providing different results. In the series romance genre Harlequin certainly has maintained a competitive advantage over the years.
It has consistently been the only player in the market as other publishers have tried and failed at the genre. Harlequin has been able to produce higher revenues and growth within this genre better than any other publisher. As previously discussed, it maintains the most sophisticated distribution system and global author team. That is where Harlequin’s competitive advantage ends. In the overall romance novel market Harlequin does not possess a competitive advantage. The series romance industry has very little opportunity to grow which is representative in Harlequin’s slow year over year revenue trends.
The single title genre is growing at a much faster rate. Harlequin’s previous attempt at this genre failed. Harlequin is making a wise decision to enter the single title market with the MIRA program. In order to grow Harlequin must enter a market that provides an opportunity to grow. With a better focus and understanding of this genre Harlequin will be able to capitalize on their existing infrastructure to capture a share of this fast growing genre. Management has estimated that the MIRA novels would not create additional overhead costs and their printing costs were going to be $0. 71 per book vs. 0. 88 industry average. At the same time single title novels would bring $3. 38 in profit margin vs. the $2. 42 that series novels bring. Harlequin will also be able to tap their large roster of author’s for single title novel opportunities. Providing their author’s with an opportunity to expand into a new genre will bring Harlequin create loyalty and better relationships with their authors. Utilizing current authors will help Harlequin get a jump start in the single title market by getting their loyal series customer base to start purchasing single title novels which would create instant revenue.
This strategy could be phase one and phase two could be reaching out to new audiences at the big box book stores and online. Harlequin has the business model to capture a competitive advantage in the romance novel market. To do this, it must apply its successful blueprint in the series genre and adjust it to the single title genre. This strategy will allow Harlequin to increase revenue and profits at a higher rate than their competitors.
The Quiet American by Graham Greene essay help tips: essay help tips
The Quiet American, is more than a political statement about whether or not America or any other country for that matter should become involved in the affairs of another country; Greene makes the question human and personal. The novel can be read as a political and moral reflection on the opening stages of the United States’ involvement in Southeast Asia. Therefore, Greene’s novel becomes a commentary on the pointlessness of the United States’ later investment of men and material in a political action that could only end, as it did for the French, in defeat.
The Quiet American is considered one of Graham Greene’s major achievements. The story is told with excellent characterization and sophisticated irony. The plot bears a resemblance to that of a mystery story. A crime has been committed. Who is the murderer? As in most mystery stories, as much needs to be learned about the victim as about the villain. Yet what is learned takes on political, moral, and religious significance. The story ends in mystery as well. Who exactly killed Pyle is not revealed, but the burden of the crime, like the burden of telling the story, is Fowler’s.
The large-scale political thesis of the novel is that American interference in the internal affairs of another country can only result in suffering, death, and defeat, and is not morally justifiable because of abstract idealism. This is not the only meaning of consequence in the novel, and given the course of later events, its importance may be blown out of proportion. The lesson, however, is clearly explained by a French aviator with “orders to shoot anything in sight. Captain Trouin confides to Fowler that he detests napalm bombing: “We all get involved in a moment of emotion, and then we cannot get out,” he explains. Trouin understands that the French cannot win the war in Indochina: “But we are professionals; we have to go on fighting till the politicians tell us to stop,” he says with bitter resignation. “Probably they will get together and agree to the same peace that we could have had at the beginning, making nonsense of all these years. Greene’s political objective is clearly to make a mockery the notion of a “Third Force” in Asian politics, countering the threat of Communism and replacing the rationale of colonialism as an explanation for Western involvement. Because of Greene’s apparent anti-American bias, the novel was not popular in the United States. It is no wonder then that Greene’s warning about Vietnam was not taken seriously, even though later events tended to validate the wisdom f his political analysis. Thus Graham Greene summarizes the lesson of Vietnam fully ten years before the American government expanded its military commitment to fill the vacuum left by the defeated French. The Quiet American is a shocking novel of political prophecy. Its mystery story characteristics perhaps better define its interest to the average reader, as Greene’s unreliable narrator gradually provides the details leading up to Pyle’s death.
The dramatic focus concerns the conflict between Fowler and Pyle over love and the politics of war, the contest between Fowler and Vigot, who knows that Fowler was responsible for Pyle’s death but cannot prove it, and, finally, Fowler’s internal conflict, his beliefs of noninvolvement transformed by circumstances and emotion to a position of murderous intervention. “Sooner or later,” the Communist Heng tells Fowler, “one has to take sides if one is to remain human. Perhaps Fowler finally “takes sides” because he understands how dangerous Pyle’s blind idealism can be, but his motives are not entirely clear because of his dependence on Phuong. Fowler does not idolize her, as does the more romantic Pyle, who sincerely cares for Phuong but is absolutely unfeeling about the rest of the native population. Pyle believes in the political theory of York Harding (a name that links a less-than-stunning American president with a patriotic war hero) and the need for a “Third Force” (American intervention) in Vietnam.
Yet Pyle’s naiveness is not entirely consistent with his intelligence, his training, and his Harvard degree. He is hopelessly innocent. In one of his strongest metaphors, Greene likens innocence to “a dumb leper who has lost his bell, wandering the world, meaning no harm,” but obviously bearing contamination and corruption with him. Fowler is a fascinating character and narrator because he simultaneously reveals and conceals so much about himself and his involvement in the story. On the one hand, he is openly contemptuous of Pyle.
Like other Americans, Pyle is so obsessed with his mission to save the world that he does not register the reality around him. It is ridiculous for him to think that Phuong is an innocent he must rescue. She has stayed with Fowler because he offers her security. She leaves Fowler for Pyle because he offers her even more wealth and protection. Pyle is shocked because Fowler says he is merely using Phuong for his own pleasure and because of his need to have a woman beside him to stave off loneliness. It never occurs to Pyle that Phuong has acted just as selfishly or that Pyle imself is using people. On the other hand, Fowler is not entirely honest with himself. He claims to be disengaged, not only from politics but also from the sentiments of love Pyle professes. Yet Fowler’s passionate rejection of Pyle’s worldview and his defense of the Vietnamese, who he believes should be allowed to work out their own destiny, free of the French, the Americans, and any other intruding power, surely reveal anything but dishonesty. In this respect, Pyle is right to see good in a man who claims to be without sense of right and wrong.
In fact, Pyle loses his life because of Fowler’s moral outrage. Fowler is so appalled by the bombing atrocity at the cafe that he determines to put a stop to Pyle’s activities. Fowler’s passion is hardly consistent with his habit of staying reserved. Actually, he cares deeply about Phuong and about the Vietnamese. He believes in self-determination, which ironically is the ideology that Americans claim to support. Americans think they are supporting freedom by allying themselves with the anticommunists. Thus, there are multiple ironies in The Quiet American.
Fowler says he is a pessimist, but he acts like a wounded idealist. Pyle says he is an idealist, but his involvement with anticommunist thugs places him in disparaging and brutal situations. Phuong looks like a delicate, easily manipulated, and passive victim, and yet like many other Vietnamese she is a survivor who plays one side against the other and changes according to the current political issues. Fowler declares to Vigot that he is not guilty, then retells the story of his involvement with Fowler to clear his name, yet concludes by realizing that he is guilty.
The novel’s title is also ironic. In one sense, Pyle is quiet—even unassuming. He patiently questions Fowler about his tie to Phuong and even declares his love for her to Fowler before he marries her. Pyle is the opposite of loud, vulgar Americans such as his boss Joe, or the noisy American journalist Granger. In another sense, however, Pyle is anything but quiet. He stirs up Saigon with explosions and he turns Fowler’s life into turmoil. An even greater irony is that for all their differences, Fowler and Pyle are alike in their moral earnestness.
Fowler is the sophisticated European who has learned not to wear his heart on his sleeve. He denies any form of selfless behavior. Pyle is the naive American who is openhearted and believes he acts for the good of others. Yet both men cause great damage because they care about others. They are caught up in the evil that Fowler thinks he can avoid and that Pyle thinks he can remove. The political and moral divide between Fowler and Pyle is not as great as Fowler has supposed. His narrative ironically binds him to Pyle—a fate Fowler has consistently tried to avoid.
The novel dramatizes Fowler’s fate in the scene where he refuses to call Pyle by his first name. He also refuses to let Pyle call him Tom and insists on being called Thomas. No formalities can really separate the two men however. Fowler’s own narrative shows them to strongly connected. The Quiet American is concerned with the effect the superpowers have when they intervene in the politics of the developing nations, in this case, Vietnam during the last days of French colonial rule.
Greene himself is in an interesting position in that England, once a major colonial power, has increasingly surrendered that position to the United States since World War II. This weakened position makes Greene, like Fowler, something of an observer of the more active Americans. Fowler observes the covert actions of Pyle and finds them wrong. He thinks Americans are politically naive, dangerously idealistic, and too willing to hurt other people if they get in the way of their political goals. Greene has been accused of being anti-American but the novel and Fowler’s judgment of Pyle were obviously very relevant.
The novel was especially popular during the war in Vietnam, when many Americans came to share Fowler’s opinions. Although the war and the controversies surrounding it still plague the memories of many Americans, the war and the novel itself are not quite so topical as they were in the 1960s and early 1970s. Still it might be worth stressing that the novel was written well before America became deeply involved in Vietnam. In fact, America is now involved as a “Third Force” in Iraq, where the political concerns of the novel are still quite applicable.
Sears vs Wal-Mart global history essay help: global history essay help
Sears and Wal-Mart are both nationwide retailers, but their similarities are only skin deep. Sears started to lose its dominance in the early 1980s. In an attempt to boost the dwindling market share, Sears started to issue proprietary Sears Card, which gave customers payment flexibilities. A new slogan focusing on the “softer side of Sears”, and a revised product mix, were created to appeal to the middle-class female shoppers. On the other hand, Wal-Mart focused to achieve efficient operations, vertical integrations and high bargaining power, which allowed a low cost approach.
The slogan “Always low prices” was realized by Wal-Mart’s ability to deliver high “value for money” to customers across genders. Wal-Mart did not issue its own proprietary credit cards. While Wal-Mart had become a powerhouse, Sears had been struggling. Yet, Sears’ 22% ROE trumped Wal-Mart’s 19. 7%. The two companies were drastically different, and would require the ROE to be broken down into its components to reveal the true driving forces. Exhibit A shows that the two companies had almost identical net profit margin (ROS). Wal-Mart’s had high asset utilizations (ROA and Asset Turnover), while Sears’ high financial leverage of 6. contributed to the high ROE. In conclusion, Wal-Mart depended on its efficient operations to provide strong returns, while Sears used debt financing to drive its ROE. More ratio analysis can reveal the true strengths and weaknesses of the two companies. Below highlighted some ratios (see Exhibit B) that are important in assessing Sears and Wal-Mart current and future value creations abilities: · Sears relied heavily on debt financing. Compared to ROE, Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) is a superior indicator because ROIC includes long term debt in the denominator.
Securitization requires a repayment, Interest Coverage Ratio, Current ratio and Debt Cash Flow Coverage (OCF/Debt) can be used to determine its financial soundness in settling debt with its liquid asset and operating cash flow. · Over 55% of 1997 total sales utilized Sears Card. With 41 million active Sears Card accounts, Accounts Receivable Turnover (A/R turnover) is important. · Wal-Mart employed a low cost strategy, it’s important to assess Wal-Mart’s operational efficiency. Inventory turnover ratio is crucial in its profitability. Return on Asset (ROA) and Working Capital Turnover can measure management effectiveness in asset usages.
Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) shows how long the company’s cash is being tied up by its current operations. Financial ratios are important in assessing the two companies’ performances. Referring to Exhibit A and B, we see that Sears relied heavily on debt financing. Although its 1997 ROE was high, it had a 300 days cash conversion cycle and a slow A/R turnover ratio. After evaluating various ratios, we concluded that the driving force behind Sears’ profitability was its proprietary card business. For a retailer, a strategy of using flexible payment options to boost sales is not a viable long term solution.
The slow A/R turnover and negative operating cash flow cause concerns. On the other hand, Wal-Mart had a quick cash conversion cycle of 91 days, and a working capital turnover of 24/yr (vs. 10/yr for Sears). These ratios represent a retail company with sound fundamental strategies, as well as the implementation and execution of those strategies. The financial ratios gave us insights into the companies’ operating and financing strategies, putting the two companies’ annual results into perspectives. Reading the footnotes of the companies, we concluded that the financial ratios were not a useful tool in analyzing their relative performances.
The differences in operating strategies yield highly contrasted numbers and ratios. The major differences in the two companies are as follows: · Proprietary credit cards – This increases Sears Receivables numbers 20 times from Wal-Mart and thus the turnover ratios become incomparable. · Lease- Wal-Mart has a high capital lease which increases its liability while Sears has six times less the number and thus the ratios become inappropriate to compare. · Non comparable Items: Reaffirmation cost of 320 million dollars affects the Net Income, and there is no assurance that this number cannot change.
The gains on credit card securitizations increase the Net Income of Sears by 136 million dollars. There were many such non comparable items that showed up in the net income number of Sears. · Sears adopted the SFAS No. 125 which stated that it need not account for the credit card uncollectible as a resource liability and this resulted in a gain of $136 million in 1997. · Inventory- 83% of the Inventory are revalued at a LIFO while the international operations inventory are valued at FIFO, this causes a difference in the Inventory turnover ratio as Wal-Mart has its complete inventory valued at FIFO.
Mrs. Robinson admission essay help: admission essay help
“Benjamin, you will never be young again, sew a few oats while you can. ” (Mr. Robinson) The Graduate, a coming of age film that hardly can be considered traditional, but at the same time relates to every being that has experienced puberty, thus, finding manhood or womanhood. Benjamin and Mrs. Robinson are the main characters designed for the audience, both young and old, and facing this ever revolving passion to be one or the other. The trials and tribulation takes the viewer on a journey through a failing marriage, a taboo affair, and ultimately a search for the meaning of self.
The film is set in the late 1950’s and one of the key components is conformity; we find the young man who has conformed since birth will journey to nonconformity of adulthood. Mrs. Robinson, dynamic character and manipulative alcoholic is defined only by her marriage and conformity. Ben creates an altering reality for Mrs. Robinson allowing for her to feel youth through this forbidden affair. The structure of this film has overwhelming symbolism between water and maturity; water represents all that is unknown.
The scene that provides the best evidence of an evolving man begins with an unknowing father urging an immature Ben into manhood. The audience finds Ben dressed in scuba gear walking slowly to the pools edge, only to find hesitation, until the final plunge. As Ben emerges we find him floating upon the water; no longer nervous, no longer a virgin, but completely evolved. All innocence is lost. At the same time we find Mrs. Robinson enlightened and playful; her character is altered.
Her affair represents human nature a yearning to be desired and loved. The film’s purpose provides assurance to the audience of the innate creatures we are. It is through the above scene we build a personal relationship with Benjamin and Mrs. Robinson. Together the characters personify our own individual struggle with maturity and sexuality causing the audience to form an intimate relationship. The director kept the viewer keen by providing different tones, obstacles, and challenging the audience to think.
This film’s music is interesting evidence that the director wanted his audience to understand what was going on in the story and what was to come. Three major songs are introduced: “The Sound of Silence,” “April Come She Will,” and “Mrs. Robinson. ” The song, “The Sound of Silence” provides further evidence of the internal battle Benjamin faces with his flawed enlightenment, “Hello darkness, my old friend, I’ve come to talk to you again because of vision softly creeping left its seeds while I was sleeping, and the vision that was planted in my brain still remains within the sound of silence. (Simon and Garfunkel) plays continuously in the background providing a melancholy tone and preparing the audience for a complete plot change. This song is the climax of the movie; thus announcing the darker side to the audience and allowing the viewer to understand the whirlwind changes are two main characters have ahead of them. During the climax of the film there is a changing of the music; “April Come She Will” plays; it is here that Ben gives the audience his ultimate persona and he becomes the viewer’s teacher.
Ben and Mrs. Robinson are such dimensional characters each having multiple personas: a teacher, a student, a stranger and ultimately a reflection of our self. The 1960’s film, The Graduate is an all time favorite of mine, nominated for seven Oscars and the winner for Best Director. This movie not only explores powerful and taboo experiences (that still exist today) but functions as a survival guide and educator for people of all ages.
Government Run Welfare write essay help: write essay help
The current use of government-run welfare systems is an ineffective and inefficient way to help solve poverty and unemployment in urban areas. Flawed in almost every way, it requires immediate improvement and attention, and could be improved with privatization of many welfare programs, including prisons, charity and housing. Welfare can be improved in more ways than one, and one of the biggest problems in need of a fix is the government’s attitude toward the programs they run. Welfare may have been created with good intentions, but it has failed to meet its stated goal of reducing poverty.
Many critics of the welfare system charge that providing a steady income to the needy encourages idleness, resulting in very little improvement in the employment rate of those receiving benefits from the government. Not only that, but the recipients don’t receive any special attention from the government, or incentives to become employed, resulting in a downward spiral of problems too big for money alone to solve. Private efforts have been much more successful than the federal government’s failed attempt at charity.
America is the most generous nation on earth. Americans already contribute more than $125 billion annually to charity. Private charities have been more successful than government welfare for several reasons. First, private charities are able to individualize their approach to the circumstances of poor people in ways that governments can never do. Government regulations must be designed to treat all similarly situated recipients alike. Glenn C. Loury of Boston University explains the difference between welfare and private charities on that point. Because citizens have due process rights which cannot be fully abrogated . . . public judgments must be made in a manner that can be defended after the fact, sometimes even in court. ” The result is that most government programs rely on the simple provision of cash or other goods and services without any attempt to differentiate between the needs of recipients. For example, if you needed something very important for a job interview, a government welfare program can only tell you to wait for your next welfare check, which will probably arrive long after the interview is over.
However, a private charity can look into its own funds and get you what you need on the same day. The sheer size of government programs works against individualization. For example, in the book, There Are No Children Here, LaJoe, the mother of the children in the story always applied to the government for a better place to live. However, with so many cases that the government welfare workers have to go through, it becomes hard to remember that each case belongs to another human being. Some workers even admitted the recipients were only a “number” that either did or did not qualify for benefits.
In her another book, Tyranny of Kindness, by Theresa Funiciello, who was a former welfare mother, Theresa described the dehumanizing world of the government welfare system- a system in which regulations and bureaucracy rule all else. It is a system in which illiterate homeless people with mental illnesses are handed 17-page forms to fill out, women nine months pregnant are told to verify their pregnancies, a woman who was raped is told she is ineligible for benefits because she can’t list the baby’s father on the required form.
It is a world where the government is totally not communicating nor helping those in poverty, while just making things worse and more complicated. Private charities are not bound by such bureaucratic restrictions. In addition to being better able to target individual needs, private charities are much better able to target assistance to those who really need help. Because eligibility requirements for government welfare programs are arbitrary and cannot be changed to fit individual circumstances, many people in genuine need do not receive assistance, while benefits often go to people who do not really need them.
Private charity also has a better record of actually delivering aid to recipients. Surprisingly little of the money being spent on federal and state social welfare programs actually reaches recipients. According to the CATO institute Policy report of 1996, in 1965, 70 cents of every dollar spent by the government to fight poverty went directly to poor people. Today, 70 cents of every dollar goes, not to poor people, but to government bureaucrats and others who serve the poor. Few private charities have the bureaucratic overhead and inefficiency of government programs.
In general, a private charity is much more likely to be targeted to short-term emergency assistance than to long-term dependence. Thus, private charity provides a safety net, not a way of life. This is because private charities may demand that the poor change their behavior in exchange for assistance. For example, someone might be asked to not do drugs in order to receive aid. Private charities are much more likely than government programs to offer counseling and one-on-one follow-up rather than simply provide a check. Private charity requires a different attitude on the part of both recipients and donors.
For recipients, private charity is not an entitlement but a gift carrying reciprocal obligations. As Father Robert Sirico of the Acton Institute describes it, “An impersonal check given without any expectations for responsible behavior leads to a damaged sense of self-worth. The beauty of local [private charitable] efforts to help the needy is that . . . they make the individual receiving the aid realize that he must work to live up to the expectations of those helping him out. “Private charity is based on “having individuals vote with their own time, money, and energy. There is no compassion in spending someone else’s money–even for a good cause. True compassion means the “giving of yourself”. Welfare allows individuals to escape their obligation to be truly charitable. Another aspect of the government that could be improved if managed in better hands includes federal prisons. For example, the case of British prisons in the 1980s and 1990s. During this time, there was a rapid rise in the prison population and the directly related escalation of running costs and difficulties of running a consistently efficient service, making living conditions for many prisoners highly unpleasant.
Privatization was seen by many policy-makers as providing an important step forward towards improving conditions, bringing about change and innovation, and improving the overall quality of the British prison system. The private sector was believed to be capable of delivering a better standard of service with greater efficiency and a higher degree of accountability. Subsequently, the last decade has seen a steady growth of private sector involvement in the British prison system.
Added to this, staff morale has also fallen and widespread scepticism of the value and objective of prisoner programmes has grown. It has been clear for some time that widespread changes and new strategies are needed in order to tackle the problems within the prison system. It is important to now look at how it is proposed that privatizing Britain’s prisons will lead to such improvements in standards. Supporters of the privatization of Britain’s prisons argue that there are a number of potential benefits directly associated with the commercial competition that rivatization would produce. For example, through the creation of a market force private organizations would be encouraged to maintain and indeed improve upon high standards of cost effectiveness and efficiency in order to achieve the successful renewal of current government contracts and to compete for new service contracts. As the private sector is motivated by competition and profit it is dedicated to providing maximum satisfaction to its clients and customers at a minimum cost.
Alternatively, in the public sector; bureaucrats are rewarded not according to the performance of their organization but according to the size and budget of their agencies, thus they are more interested in just getting the job done than in increasing their efficiency. It is stated that private correctional services can operate more efficiently, because of less bureaucratic ‘red tape’ and a higher motivation to control costs. Privatization, many claim leads to heightened accountability within the prison system.
It is argued that the government is in an ideal position to impose strict guidelines and include detailed service standards within contracts, making companies readily accountable and putting them at risk of financial penalties for failure to fulfil them. As the government no longer have to defend its own shortcomings it can be more active in challenging private companies for failing to meet contractual obligations. Most private contractors accept and appreciate the value of full time independent monitors who are present within private prisons acting as an additional guarantee of contract compliance.
This situation applies to almost everything managed by the government, and although everything it runs isn’t always bad, there are many advantages that privatization hold over the government. Just like in the previous two situations of federal prisons and government charities, the same thing can be applied to subsidized housing. Workers managing the subsidized housing that welfare recipients are living in have no incentive to control costs, and workers in the buildings have no incentive to provide good services.
In this situation, the people living in poverty have very few chances to get out, and are usually stuck living in their shoddy apartments for their entire lives. There will also be few positive role models within the community, since everyone poor is living together. Government workers rarely get fired for failing to do their job properly, especially in places of poverty, because there aren’t many people to properly manage them. Although in most cases these people can be responsible, dependable and caring, there is little consequence for not doing their job right. A report on this was done on 20/20 in an ABC report with John Stossel.
In the report, he compared a government run housing project to the same building it once was after it was sold and renovated by private investors. The residents of the original building complained about how little attention they were given. The hallway lights were always broken, the plumbing never worked properly, and when maintenance decided to show up to fix one of the many things that never work, they always left and did a poor job. In the novel, There are no Children here, LaJoe is caught in a similar situation, when she discovers in the basement of her apartment brand new stoves.
These stoves have just been sitting in the rotting basement for years, and it angered LaJoe that they were neglected for so long, since she was waiting to replace her broken stove. In Stossel’s report, the overall efficiency of every worker improved once a private company took over. They immediately fixed what was never done for the residents, not because they were more competent, but they were serious about their job, and had incentive to do it right. Welfare may have started with the best of intentions, but at its current state is need of improvement. Welfare has torn apart the social fabric of our society.
Everyone is worse off. The poor are dehumanized, seduced into a system from which it is terribly difficult to escape. The work ethic is eroded. Such is the legacy of welfare. If welfare recipients realize their benefits are going to stop, it will cause them to search much harder for alternatives. Due to its current ineffectiveness and inefficiency, the current use of government-run welfare on prisons, charities and even housing should be replaced with a privatized system. By doing this, it can improve almost every aspect of its program, creating more opportunities and a better environment for everyone to live in.
Mental Health and Psychotropic Drugs writing essay help: writing essay help
In the last thirty years, the number of patients diagnosed with depression has doubled. (doubled from what? What percentage) The sharp increase in these diagnoses is due to the fact that the medical community has blurred the distinction between everyday unhappiness and clinical depression. (what percentage or numbers are you getting the 40% from? The use of Psychotropic medication in depressed patients has increased in the United States by more than 40 percent over the last decade. (you have a website but what is the website for? ) (http://find. galegroup. com. ezproxy. apollolibrary. com/ovrc/retrieve. do? subjectParam=Local) The bulk of the increase can be accounted for by the aggressive use of SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) in patients. It is the class of drugs that includes Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil.
The question is: Are more Americans clinically depressed now than in the past, or has medical science started to treat the far more common experience of “everyday unhappiness” is this a quote from someone or from you? with medication, thereby increasing the number of drug prescriptions? A Psychoactive drug or Psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain functions, resulting in perception, mood, consciousness, and behavior.
These drugs may be used recreationally to purposefully alter one’s consciousness, as entheogens for ritual or spiritual purposes, as a tool for studying or augmenting the mind or therapeutically as medication. (www. Wikipedia. org ). (Is this whole paragraph a quote? If so, it needs to be centered and in quotation marks. ) For example: On January 22,2008, acclaimed Australian actor, Heath Ledger, died from an accidental overdose of six types of prescribed painkillers and sedatives.
Ellen Borakone, spokesperson for the New York Medical Examiner’s office, said the cause of death was “acute intoxication by combined effects of oxycodone, hydrocodone, diazepam [Valium], temazepam [Restoril], alprazolam [Xanax] and doxylamine. Valium, Restoril and Xanax are benzodiazepines or tranquilizers/sedatives. The U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) launched an investigation into how Mr. Ledger acquired the prescription drugs that killed him. (Why did you use this example? The usage of this example is in a incorrect location of the essay) A year earlier, on February
Roots and Stems college essay help online: college essay help online
Roots, stems, and leaves are the three main components of a plant. They are vital to a plant’s survival, and without them, the plant would die. Each component has a different function and varying appearances. A leaf’s main function in the plant is to produce energy through photosynthesis. They absorb sunlight and create sugar. The leaf then constantly sends energy throughout the stem, roots, and other parts of the plant. Sometimes leaves are also used for protection against animals that are a threat to the plant’s health and survival.
They come in different shapes and sizes. Some are smaller and rounder than others, while some are in the shape of needles like a cactus. Leaves are essential in the obtainment of energy for plants. Stems have two primary functions in the plant. They are needed to support the leaves, flowers, or fruit that the plant may produce, and they transport water and other nutrients in the plant. Other functions include storing carbohydrates, nutrients, and water. Rhizomes or underground stems, tubers, and bulbs are different types of stems.
A sign of a healthy stem is when the stem is erect because this creates the most support for the plant. Roots are the most important feature for a plant’s health. Functions of the roots include providing anchorage, absorbing water and nutrients, and transporting the water and nutrients throughout the parts of the plant. They tend to grow away from sunlight and towards water in order to obtain the most water possible. Another important job is that they store starch which allows photosynthesis to occur.
There are two types of roots: tap roots and fibrous roots. Tap roots are large, and they provide the most anchorage possible while fibrous roots are threadlike, and give the plant the most exposure to water and minerals. There are many different other parts of the plant, but these three are the most important. Without them there would be no plants, and without plants there would be no oxygen for us to breathe. The human race needs the roots, stems, and leaves to continue functioning because if they don’t, we may find ourselves facing extinction.
Continental Philosophy “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu
When beginning the study of philosophy it is hard to believe that there are so many components involved with one subject. But in reality philosophy is really a broad term for many subtopics; as is the case when discussing continental philosophy, which is the philosophical tradition of continental Europe including phenomenology and existentialism. It all began with Absolute Idealism supported by such philosophers as Fichte and Hegel.
It was during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that immense amounts of historical changes taking place in the world were showing in the philosophical movements of that time period. George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel begins the historical analysis of continental philosophy since it all begins with his theories. Though Hegel’s philosophies have been described as difficult his theories form the foundation for what is now known as Hegelian idealism. His theory has four main themes. The first is dependant on the “Absolute” and states that the “Absolute” is that which is most real and true and which can also think for itself.
The second is based on idealism and he speaks of the objective world being an “expression of infinite thought” (Moore & Bruder 2005) and that each individuals mind thought processes actually are reflections on themselves. The third theory is based on reality. For Hegel this was not an easy concept. To try to make it easier to understand our book tries to describe it as being similar to mathematics in that everything is coherently connected to another. So in order for something to be completely true it is dependant on all its parts to make it so.
Then the forth theory is known as “The Absolute” and is the “sum total of reality; is a system of conceptual triads . . . the entire system of thought and reality . . . is an integrated whole in which each proposition is logically interconnected with the rest” (2005). As the nineteenth century turned into the twentieth century what seemed to transpire in philosophy was a direct result of Hegel himself. The response to Hegelian idealism in Europe became known as Continental philosophy which includes the two branches of thought that will be explored, existentialism and phenomenology.
Existentialism is a philosophical movement with its main emphasis on individual existence, freedom, and choice. Existentialism became popularized in the 1900’s. Mainly due to what was happening during World War II, many of the popular existentialists were affected by the traumatic world events of that time period. Albert Camus was profoundly affected by World War II and this was depicted throughout his many writings. According to our reading he saw much suffering and despair prior to the war even starting. He eventually became active in social reform and was a member of the communist party for a brief period of time.
Even though he will forever be connected to the world of existentialism, he never accepted that to be true. Regardless of his beliefs to whether or not he was an existentialist his thought process has been forever linked. Considered to be a literary genius of his time he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957. During the war, Camus published a number of works which have become associated with his principle thought processes on the “absurd”: his idea is mainly that it is impossible to make rational sense of one’s experience, and human life is made meaningless by mortality.
World War II brought Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre together. Sartre is arguably the most famous existentialist. Unlike Camus, Sartre was an atheist. His main beliefs revolve around the fact that there is in fact no God. For Existentialists like Sartre, the absence of God has a much larger significance than the metaphysics of creation: Without God there is no purpose, no value, and no meaning in the world. Phenomenology is the second branch of Continental philosophy that has historical connections to Hegelian idealism and thus existentialism. Phenomenology is the direct result of Edmund Husserl’s philosophies.
According to Husserl, the goal of philosophy was to describe the data of consciousness without bias or prejudice, ignoring all metaphysical and scientific theories in order to accurately describe and analyze the data gathered by human senses and the mind. “Phenomenology, in theory, simply explores conscious experience without making any metaphysical assumptions” (2005). Martin Heidegger was another popular phenomenologist of the twentieth century. He was inspired by Husserl’s works. “Heidegger, too, was convinced that it was necessary to look at things with fresh eyes, unshrouded by the presuppositions of the present and past” (2005).
According to him humans are actually “ignorant” to everything, what he called the “true nature of Being” (2005). It all goes back to Socrates and our inner search for something. In reality however Heidegger and Socrates philosophies are not similar in anyway. To define humans as animals capable of rational thinking is for Heidegger a distorted anthropology. He is not concerned with destroying logic, the ability to formulate analogies, or to display ratios. His mission is to preserve the fragile tendencies of spontaneous thought processes. By so doing Heidegger sees himself as presenting the phenomenal world.
Continental philosophy is a form of philosophy that broadens the gap across the continents. It was the form of philosophy that took place in continental Europe during the twentieth century. It was during that time that the main philosophers of that time were being influenced by the terror and violence that was surrounding them thanks in part due to World War II. This influential time saw the rise in existentialism and phenomenology.
Battle Monuments Commission World War homework essay help: homework essay help
I brought a new era of wars of attrition wounding and killing millions. These horrific battles were fought by mere teenagers, who had to grow up in a matter of months, and went from being children to desensitized men. This desensitization was necessary for the boys to stay sane through all the death and destruction around them. These men needed to seem tough, so they acted stronger then they were. The poem “Pluck” by Eva Dobell portrays the horrifying loss of innocence that many young soldiers endured during The Great War by her use of comparative stanzas, contrasting imagery, and alliteration.
Eva Dobell uses the progression of stanzas to emphasize the boy’s loss of innocence through his childlike qualities and hardened adult qualities. The first stanza gives the context of the boy’s life by describing how the war made him “Crippled for life at seventeen” (1). The second stanza portrays the soldier as, “A child- so wasted and so white” (6). His life was wasted by this war because he could have had a productive life but instead he was just a crippled boy who would never be able to work. The third stanza portrays him with the fear and pain that are Child-like qualities.
He “winds the clothes about his head” to hide from the inevitable pain that changing his bandages brings (13). The fourth stanza shows that he has to mask his feelings and act like a man, how “he’ll face us a soldier yet” because he is raised on the romanticism of tough, manly soldiers who do not even flinch through pain (17). One of the masks the soldier uses to prove his manliness is a cigarette, a clear symbol of adulthood. This progression of stanzas that emphasize both the boy’s childlike qualities and hardened adult qualities underscore the tragedy of his premature loss of innocence.
The idea of boy like qualities being overcome by adult ones is also present in Dobell’s use of contrasting images. The soldier lies about his age to get drafted which is a symbol of being a man. Because he was only 17, “He told a lie to get his way,” to join the army (7). Braving the terrors of war as a 17 year old appears to be a very manly thing to take on, but he is using it as a mask for his youthful feelings. With the coming of the bandage changer, he masks his pain “(Though tell-tale lashes still are wet)/ And smoke his woodbine cigarette” (19-20) With the cigarette in his mouth he prepares to take the pain as he thinks a man would.
The symbols mask his child-like fears. In “Pluck,” alliteration is used to draw the reader’s attention to the soldier’s underlying childhood through his masculine front. “His Shaking, strangled sobs you hear” because of his fear of the coming pain (15). This fear symbolizes a childhood fear because he is, “A child- so wasted and so white” (6). He left his home, his childhood, his whole life, “To march, a man with men” (8). He set off to be a man, but came back a child. He never became “a man with men,” he was injured to quickly (8).
All of these alliterative phrases further the emphasis on the boy’s loss of innocence. Eva Dobell portrays the horrifying loss of innocence that many young soldiers endured during The Great War in her poem “Pluck. ” This poor boy was caught up in the romanticism of war, and enlisted early. He ends up being crippled, needing assistance like a child for the rest of his life, a sad result of his too-soon initiation into adulthood. Dobell makes this soldiers loss of innocence apparent through her comparative stanzas, contrasting imagery, and alliteration.
Microeconomics Samuelson buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help
Explain how the cool head might provide the essential positive economic analysis to implement the normative value judgments of the warm heart. Do you agree with Marshall’s view of the role of the teacher? Do you accept his challenge? In order to achieve the ultimate goal of economic science which is to “improve the living conditions of people in their everyday lives” (*) a cool head attitude has the knowledge and wisdom acquired through a lifetime relation to the economic momentum.
Balancing this with a warm heart compassion vision, and a willingness to improve society, is the most appropriate way to use certain economic models in order to acquire economic sustainability with social improvement. We agree with Marshall’s view which was conceived through a social corporate responsibility. We, as leaders, accept his challenge through developing projects which should be not only profitable but also socially accepted and with respect to the environment. Also, we should use our cool heads to objectively take challenges and make difficult decisions that will lead us to a prosperous society with a sustainable economic growth. *) Economics – Samuelson Nordhaus 18th edition, pg. 6 2. Question 7 . –
Some scientists believe that we are rapidly depleting our natural resources. Assume that there have only two inputs (labor and natural resources) producing two goods (concerts and gasoline) with no improvements in society’s technology over time. A. Show what would happen to the PPF over time as natural resources are exhausted. B. How would invention and technological improvement modify your answer? On the basis of this example, explain why it is said that “economic growth is a race between depletion and invention. It is said that economic growth is a race between depletion and invention because the continuous use of the natural resources of a country will tend to deplete them, over a long period of time but in the contrary, the invention of new technologies can extend a country PPF – making a race between them, since both things usually happens at the same time. Chapter 2 1. Question 1 . – What determines the composition of national output? In some cases, we say that there is “consumer sovereignty” meaning that consumers decide how to spend their income on the basis of taste and market prices.
In other cases, decisions are made by political choices of legislatures. Consider the following examples: transportation, education, police, energy efficiency of appliances, health-care coverage, television advertising. For each, describe whether the allocation is by consumer sovereignty or by political decision. Would you change the method of allocation for any of these goods? National Output includes the total amount of goods and services that a country is capable to produce in a certain period of time. It is also known as the country? s GDP = C+I+G+(X-M).
A country has the responsibility to decide what outputs to produce and in what quantity, how to produce them and for whom should they be produced. In a market society, the national output is influenced by consumer tastes and the resources and technology available in the country. On the other hand, governments may intervene to compensate for market failures that usually occurs inside a country, or to fund social programs. Here there are some examples that show mixed economies between consumer sovereignty and government interventions. Transportation
Generally speaking transportation means are controlled by the private sector through companies that provide transportation services such as airlines, company taxis, trains, etc. Inside a country, there also exists public transportation for those people who can not afford the private one. In Peru, specially for the ground transportation, the government plays a fundamental role regulating tariffs, taxes and making sure we have a safe an organized transportation system in the country for the society. Education In a country generally exists public and private education.
Usually, private schools tend to have a higher price but also delivering high quality and it is market driven. There are different private schools with different prices in the market. On the other hand, public education is provided by the government to lower socio economic levels in order to make education accessible to the whole population. Government applies procedures in order to maximize its quality. In Peru for example the government is trying to break the poverty cycle incentivizing the rural population to attend school through monetary allowances.
There are also regulations in terms of the requirements asked for being a public teacher, the education syllabus of the country, etc. Police Police is a government regulated service to the population which is part of the arm forces of a country. Its function is to assure security to the population. However, in some countries where there is scarce resources allocated to this public entity, private police petrol are created. In Peru even in rural areas where police is not present, communities organize themselves to fight against crime. Energy efficiency of appliances
Energy is a strategic scarce resource for a country. Therefore, the importance of having government regulations to control it, its tariffs while having private companies supplying the service in order to assure this service on the long term to the community. Health care coverage Health care is a private and public good also. Government provides health care services to the majority of the population by building public hospitals and providing insurance coverage programs. Usually private health care provides a higher quality service and is accessible to higher socio-economic levels of the population.
Television advertising It is a consumer sovereignty good, driven basically by program ratings and market price. Usually, the government owns public television channels but even in those cases the advertising is not controlled. What government usually does is to control advertising of some products such as cigars, or the time and programs where you can advertise such products. Would you change the method of allocation for any of these goods? We would not change the method of allocation for any of the goods mentioned above.
We think that in the examples mentioned, a mixed economy of public and private goods is the best to make services accessible to the whole population while having a market driven economy. However, if we customized this question to the Peruvian reality, we think that an example where government could intervene more is the banking regulations entity which should improve the credit policies in order to create a sustainable finance growth. 2. Question 3. – This chapter discusses many “market failures” areas in which the invisible hand guides the economy poorly, and describes the role of government.
It is possible that there are, as well, “government failures” government attempts to curb market failures that are worse than the original market failures? Think of some examples of government failures. Give some examples in which government failures are so bad that it is better to live with the market failures than to try and correct them. A possible failure can be represented by a tax system that discourages private and foreign investments in the country that at the end will affect government’s income.
Another example is a bad monetary policy in which inorganic emission of currency will impact over inflation rate dramatically, affecting purchasing power of nationals (Peru 1985) . During this time Peru suffered more than 7000% inflation generating scarcity of basic goods and creating a parallel black market. During this time, another bad example would be that the banking system was nationalized and generated a lack of confidence in the population towards the banking system, loosing a high percentage of the savings of the population decreasing the country’s investment.
Chapter 3 1. Question 1 . – Explain why the price in competitive markets settles down at the equilibrium intersection of supply and demand. Explain what happens if the market price starts out too high or too low. In competitive markets, the prices settles down at the equilibrium intersection of supply and demand because at that point the market finds the optimal balance between the amounts willingly supplied and the amounts of what consumers are willing to demand.
If the market price starts out too high, because of the high price, the suppliers are willing to sell more than what consumers are willing to demand, and this would produce a surplus of the product in the market, having to lower the price in order to reach the correct equilibrium. If the market price starts too low, the quantity demanded by consumers is higher from the amount the suppliers are willing to sell at that price level, and this generates shortages of the product in the market, this will generate the prices to rise in order to reach also the correct equilibrium.
At the equilibrium price, there are no surpluses or shortages and the market is correctly balanced. Question 7. – Examine the graph for the price of gasoline in Fig 3-1, page 46. Then, using a supply-demand diagram, illustrate the impact of each of the following on price and quantity demanded. a. Improvements in transportation lower the costs of importing oil into the United States in the 1960s. •As imports cost falls, the supply increases its quantity. •The supply curve therefore shifts to the right . •The producers reduces the price Q (+) , P (-) b. After the 1973 war, oil producers cut oil production sharply. •Since, the suppliers cut production, the supply curve moves left and the price increases •The quantity demanded decreases • Q (-), P ( +) c. After 1980, smaller automobiles get more miles per gallon. •The technological improvement decreases demand of gasoline. •Shifting the demand curve to the left, the price decreases and also the quantity demanded. • Q ( +), P(-) d. A record-breaking cold winter in 1995-1996 unexpectedly raises the demand for heating oil. Since heating oil and gasoline both come from the same natural resource, we are assuming that the supply for gasoline would shift to the left, since more production of heating oil would be made, considering that the PPF remains constant. Shifting the supply curve to the left would increase gasoline? s price and reduce the quantity demanded. • Q( – ), P(+) e. A global economic recovery in 1999-2000 leads to a sharp upturn in oil prices. •Prices increased to the new point of supply – demand equilibrium. •Shifting the demand curve to the right •Higher price and quantity. • Q( +), P ( +)
Chapter 4 Question 4. – Consider a competitive market for apartments. What would be the effect on the equilibrium output and price after the following changes (other things held equal)? In each case, explain your answer using supply and demand. a. A rise in the income of consumers – This effect would shift the demand curve to the right increasing the price of the apartments and also the quantity supplied. b. A US$10-per-month tax on apartment rentals – This effect would shift the supply curve to the left, increasing the prices of apartments, therefore reducing the quantity demanded. . A government edict saying apartments cannot rent for more than US$200 pero month – By fixing a low price of US$200 would discourage suppliers to rent apartments and the demand for them would increase because of the low price – this would generate a shortage of apartments in the market. d. A new construction technique allowing apartments to be built at half the cost – This would incentive suppliers to build more apartments, reducing the price of the apartments, and this would increase the quantity demanded in the market.
Buddhism in East Asia best essay help: best essay help
Many people will choose Confucianism as the most important factor in understating East Asian culture. Confucianism, indeed, is crucial in understanding the culture. However, one should not overlook the influence of Buddhism on Confucianism and many areas of East Asian culture. Buddhism, one of the world’s oldest religions and a philosophy, is shared by East Asian countries, thus in order to fully appreciate the East Asian culture, one should learn about Buddhism and its significant influence on the culture.
This paper will discuss Buddhism shared by East Asian culture and how the religion played an enormous role in shaping the mindset of people affecting their culture. Buddhism started approximately in the 6th century BCE, starting with the birth of the Buddha in India. The religion then spread through Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia (Keown). Among many branches of Buddhism, Mahayana has been diffused from first west, north, and east throughout East Asia (Skilton). The fundamental principles of Mahayana are liberation from suffering and the belief in the existence of Bodhisattva.
Bodhisattva is someone who achieved Nirvana, the state of being free from both suffering and the cycle of rebirth (Keown). One can find a carved wood elongated figure of Bodhisattva Guanyin (1999. 13. 0003) from Spurlok Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL . In this wooden figure, Guanyin is barefoot with hair wrapped in knot, wears ornate robes and holds a basket with flowers (Spurlock Museum). One can also find a photo of Bronze Seated Buddha in National Museum at Kyongbok-Kung, Seoul, South Korea (1986. 27. 0017) in Spurlock Museum .
These are an important artifact and a photo because one can easily find very similar artifacts of Guanyin or Buddha in China, Korea, and Japan. It shows one how Buddhism was shared by East Asian countries (Yu). Upon first encountering Buddhism, many Chinese scholars regarded it as merely a foreign religion. This caused Buddhism to transform itself into a system that could co-exist within the Chinese way of life. Thus, filial devotion, one of the most valued by Confucianists, in Buddhist teachings became the core texts in China.
It further strengthened the Confucian value by claiming that the salvation of an individual was a benefit to the society and family. Therefore, Buddhism could spread well in the Chinese population (Chen). From this point, Buddhism spread to Korea and Japan, and Buddhist ideology began to merge with Confucianism. This caused many Confucian scholars to redefine Confucianism as Neo-Confucianism (Chen). While Neo-Confucianism adapted Buddhist ideas, many Neo-Confucianists strongly opposed Buddhism.
Nonetheless, Buddhism offered Confucianism important ideas such as the nature of the soul and the relation of the individual to the cosmos, ideas not explored by Confucianism (Chen). Again, Neo-Confucianism was spread through Korea and Japan, and they were all deeply influenced for more than half a millennium (Chen). Moreover, many other indigenous religions and philosophical systems in East Asia integrated the ideas and teachings of Buddhism, so it came to be a natural part of living. In conclusion, the teachings of Buddhism not only influenced in shaping the mindset of East Asian people, but also affected their philosophy of life.
Business Plan Oil and Gas essay help websites: essay help websites
This business plan shall provide descriptions of the products offered, market analysis of Principal , competitors, market overview, internal and external factors affecting EESSB, addressing the market needs, and various other factors that affects us . It will then try to formulate the general course of action as well as recommendations with regards to our marketing efforts for the Gas Lift valves product line throughout 2007 onwards for the next 5 years .
It can be utilized for the following 5 years with changes in relevant areas as more information comes in or changes in the market. 4. 1Product Description Artificial Lift Artificial Lift involves the use of artificial means to increase the flow of liquids, such as crude oil or water, to the surface of a production well. Generally this is achieved by a mechanical device inside the well, such as a pump; decreasing the weight of the liquid/gas mixture via high pressure gas; or improving the lift efficiency of the well via velocity strings or Insert string.
Artificial lift is needed in wells when there is insufficient pressure in the reservoir to lift the liquid to the surface, but often used in naturally flowing wells (which don’t technically need it) in order to increase the flow rate above what would flow naturally. The produced fluid can be oil and/or water, typically with some amount of gas included. The artificial lift provides additional energy to the system such that the fluids can be lifted to surface. The most common method of artificial lift in oil wells is to use pumps.
Other types of commonly used pumps are Electric Submersible Pump (ESP’s), Progressing-Cavity pumps (PCP’s), Jet Pumps, and Hydraulic Pumps. These pump systems must be installed in the well down hole. They also include a ground-level power-supplier device that can be mechanical (rod pumps and PCP’s), electrical (ESP’s), or even hydraulic (jet and hydraulic pumps). ESP is more common than SHJP and PCP in Malaysia Different types are discussed below 4. 1. 1Rod Pump
The most recognized type is the rod pump (also called a sucker rod pump, beam pump, or “Nodding Donkey”) seen in land based oil fields world wide but uncommon in Malaysia. The rod pump works by creating a reciprocating motion in a sucker-rod string that connects to the downhole pump assembly. The pump contains a plunger and valve assembly to convert the reciprocating motion to vertical fluid movement. This type of pump is used in low rate wells where 10’s to 100’s of barrels of liquid are produced per day. 4. 1. ESP Electric Submersible Pumps consist of three parts, a downhole pump and motor, electric power cable from the pump to the surface and surface controls to operate the pump. The centrifugal pump (the part that introduces energy to the fluid) attaches to the the bottom of the production tubing and couples to a submersible electric motor that turns the pump. The power cable connects the surface control system to the downhole motor. ESP’s are a very versatile artificial lift method and can be found in operating
Haagen Daz Case Study essay help app: essay help app
Consumers do not perceive ice cream has regular part of their diet; ice cream is bought as a treat, a “reward”, either to a child, the family or to oneself. Generally a consumer does not think before buying an ice cream, it is generally bought as an impulse buy. There is a great emotional involvement and a very small objective evaluation of the problem at hand. The consumer chooses to buy and them fell the product (in this case taste) and then evaluate his decision.
This type of behavior involved in buying ice cream allows brands to exploit the emotional factor as a trigger of the purchase; Haagen Dazs is exclusive and sophisticated, Vianeta is posh, Calipo is fresh Super Maxy is cool, none of these are objective characteristics of the product, they are just emotions the brands chose to associate with their product, and these are the triggers that when consumers are in the right emotional set of mind will make them buy that ice cream over another. 2. Evaluating the Haagen Dazs marketing plan. Does it look consistent?
Haagen Dazs (HD) defines its own brand identity as “100% genuine, sensual, sophisticated adult treat”. Trough a very consistent marketing plant HD was able to convey this message the consumers, so that their image of HD is that of a high quality and expensive ice cream that is to be eaten and appreciated as a personal treat, an affordable luxury. HD was a large ice cream manufacturer from the USA that had started out in the 1960’s as a small business of a Polish immigrant, Reuben Mattus, that sold ice cream to stores on the Bronx. Mr.Mattus realized that at the time in order to be competitive in their pricing ice cream manufacturers where cutting down on the quality, so ice cream had became just cold and sweet.
Realizing this he chose to position himself on the opposite side of the market, with a high quality expensive ice cream. From there HD sales progressed, so that in the early 1990’s it was the leading brand in the US premium ice cream market, and it was being sold in Canada and Japan. In 1988 HD was acquired, with the rest of the Pillsbury Co. , by the British enterprise Grand Met.
Grand Met decided it turn HD in to a leading global ice cream brand, the objective was to reach world wide sales of $1 billion by 1995. When HD first tried to enter the European market, in the early 1990’s, the ice cream market was a stagnant market with a growth of approximately 1 to 1. 5% a year. It was dominated by large multinational conglomerates like Unilever, Mars and Nestle, that where trying to increase their market share by competing with prices, cutting down on quality. Ice cream at that time was perceived by the consumer as a treat for children.
This panorama was not that different from that one that Mr. Mattus faced in 1960’s and dictated the birth of HD. At the time Grand Met decided to launch HD in Europe, it was already present in some luxury restaurants in Paris and on the Harrods of London. Being part of a great conglomerate, the easiest way to assure sales would be to market HD in the fast-food restaurant chains of Grand Met (Burger King, Godfathers Pizza and Bennigan’s), but this strategy would be inconsistent with the brand identity, placing on the same level fast food and HD ice cream.
Following the other market competitors, by pursuing heavy advertising on television, would also send an inconsistent message because it would reach the wrong audience and weaken the “sophisticated product” status of the brand. So Grand Met devised a market strategy to convey the brands identity to the consumer, so that the consumer would be willing to pay a premium price for the premium product that is HD ice cream. The first step of this strategy was to increase the consumer’s awareness of the brand, giving them a place to sample the ice cream and create a word to mouth momentum.
HD opened innumerous ice cream parlors in the main European cities in places that had a heavy affluence of customers, these where meant to be the shop window of the brand. These ice cream parlors where design like cafes, with ample space for seating and built with natural materials. This is exactly the opposite of the regular sterile looking ice cream parlor where after buying the consumer is as to go out to eat his ice cream. This was meant to convey an image of “quality” and the message that one should seat and take his time to enjoy HD ice cream. HD also penetrated in the food services sector, in quality hotels and restaurants.
This was done always with a cobranding arrangement, i. e. HD would only sell its product to places that would present the HD brand on their menu. This had the objective of first of all of associating the image of HD quality with the image of quality of these places, second to increase the brand awareness of the exclusive clientele of these establishments. In the retail HD was present in super-markets, delicatessen shops, cinemas and convenience stores, in al these places HD ice cream was presented in a different HD owned small freezer, so to set HD aside from the other ice creams, conveying a message of exclusivity.
Also HD pursued heavy in-store sampling, giving consumers a chance to sample HD, and thus generate more word to mouth HD ice cream was a completely different ice cream from most of the products present in the European market at the time. It was an American stile dairy ice cream with high dairy fat (18% opposed to the 10% of the regular brands) and a very low overrun (only 20% when the regular brands have 80-100%). Also HD doesn’t use any chemical additives. In order to stabilize its product HD uses egg yolk.
These particular characteristics assure that HD ice cream has a distinct flavor and texture and allow the consumer to set it aside from the other ice creams, giving ground to support the idea of high quality of the brand. To reinforce its exclusivity image HD chose to market its product in a half a liter tub, instead of the regular liter tub used by the competition at the time. HD to maintain the consistency of the quality/exclusivity approach to the market, chose place its product in the upper end of the ice cream prices.
An HD tub in the UK market cost about 30 to 40% more than its competitors, and in general it costs eight to nine times more than the cheapest ice cream on the market. This pricing strategy underlines the idea that HD is a different ice cream and therefore has a different price, and is clearly another brick on the exclusivity wall HD uses to shield it self from the competition. In order to escape this “ice cream for children” status quo, HD placed itself in the upper-end of the market, super-premium ice cream, targeting young couples with disposable income.
To these HD ice cream is presented as an “affordable luxury” to consume on their own private time. HD chose to promote its ice cream only on the printed media, with a high-profile provocative campaign that had clear adult references. The advertisements where printed in regular weekend newspapers issues and on women’s magazines, all issues that would be read during periods of relaxation and leisure the same periods HD wants its consumers to eat its ice cream. HD clearly chooses a medium that their target customers pay more attention to and deliberately tries to associate it self with the relaxing period associating with reading these media.
As one can see consistency is the main word in this market plan, every step taken is in the direction of reinforcing HD image of a high quality, sophisticated and exclusive adult treat. HD could very easily have taken the easy way in to the market, selling its product in the fast food chains of Grand Met and promoting it via heavy TV advertising. But this approach would be inconsistent with the brand identity, and would probably force HD to lower its price, and on the long run to lower its product quality.
It was this very consistent and aggressive marketing strategy that allowed Grand Met to fulfill its objectives of turning HD in to a global leading ice cream brand. HD has chosen to exploit the consumer habit of buying ice cream on the impulse, as a response to some emotional stimulus, and has associated itself with the sense of exclusivity and sophistication, so that it would be a way to the target consumers, a demographic group more sensitive to these issues, of experiencing these feelings.
Perceptual Mapping my assignment essay help london: my assignment essay help london
A detailed explanation of how perceptual mapping works, what it does, and what are its critical assumptions •An application of how perceptual mapping was used, i. e. , describing an application of the tool in detail, focusing on procedure, calculations, results, and interpretation. Background Branding; is defined by Charles W. Lamb, co-author of Marketing: sixth edition; as a name, term, symbol, design, or combination thereof that identifies a seller’s product or service and differentiates them from competitors’ products.
Perhaps, the successful of many businesses has been attributed to the positioning of a product or service associated to a brand that consumers would easily grasp and differentiate from other products within a category. Understanding how consumers store information in memory is essential in brand development, according to Dawn Iacobucci, editor of Kellogg on Marketing. A product or service “brand” might have three types of associations: attributes, people, and occasions. “Attributes are physical characteristics of a product such as its color, size, and flavor. People and occasions together are regarded as image. Most brand positioning involves a combination of attributes and image. Perhaps, consumers typically do not make decisions on the basis of attributes or image alone. Rather they use a combination of both to infer some benefit, adds Iacobucci. A benefit is an abstract concept such as convenience, pleasure, or fun. The rationale for a benefit is the fact that it has some attributes or that certain people use it on particular occasions. An example is how the beer industry emphasize the taste benefit supported by specifying the brand’s choice by showing young adults enjoying it at social gatherings, sports, or at home with friends.
Therefore, perceptual mapping has become essential in the development or repositioning of a product or service for any marketing manager. Since perceptual mapping, according to Dr. Zafar Iqbal PhD professor of marketing at DePaul University, is a special representation in which customer perceptions for competitors’ brands are represented in a Euclidean space. Consequently, the use of perceptual mapping as a marketing tool allows marketing managers to identify and visualize a map of the marketplace in which the brands are positioned against one another vying for the spot in which consumers desire the most.
Perceptual Mapping In order to create a reliable visual representation of the market input from customers or the target market are key. Perhaps, perceptual mapping provides a visual representation of customer’s perceptions. Consequently, perceptual maps are useful for deciding product positioning or repositioning; comparison between companies’ views of product positioning with customers’ perceptions; or identifying a competitive set(s). To develop the map, at least four focus group needs to be conducted in order to identify which are the attributes of the products or services that are characteristics and relevant.
The attributes and products would vary according to the objective of the study. Perhaps, the study could have a strategic positioning or tactical positioning objective. Subsequently, once all attributes are identified, the development and implementation of a survey is essential in order to obtain perception data. The survey would ask consumers using the attribute rating method (AR) and overall similarity method (OS). The AR method would ask consumers to rate a list of attributes for each product or service. Once the perception data is obtained through the survey.
Using factor analysis, the data would be reduced without significant loss of information and find systematically underlying patterns and inter-relationships among variables (attributes). Moreover, the use of factor analysis would allow the individual(s) to use the input (brands x attributes) to create a matrix of standardized scores for each brand and attribute, as long as the rotation sums of squared loading of the total variance explained for the second component (attribute) together with the first is equal or above 60 per cent.
Moreover, the through factor analysis would provide a rotated component matrix (VARIMAX) for each of the attributes assigning coordinates, allowing the individual to plot each of them into the perceptual map. Additionally, a component score matrix would be posted as two additional columns to the original data, providing coordinates for each of the brands. By plotting the coordinates for both brands and attributes in their respective quadrants, the perceptual map is, simultaneously, being drawn.
Hence, other brands could be group by competitive clusters and positioning to which the brand at study could be compared in relation to other base on preference. Moreover, the map would provide good and bad gaps, and recommendations could be made as how to occupy good gaps and avoid to fall into bad gaps base on which attributes or perceptions to improve and/or communicate. Additionally, recommendations can also be made according to which positioning is desire, according to which exact quadrant to move into and exact location on the map. However, the recommendations and positioning strategy are based on a set of three assumptions.
Since it is based on a snapshot of costumers’ current perceptions. Assumptions I. It pair-wise distances between product or service alternatives directly indicated by perceive similarities or differences between any pairs. Perhaps, the distance between brands is determined by the perception in the costumers’ mind and whether the products are similar or different from each other. For example, the costumers’ perception of American Eagle clothes is similar to Abercrombie & Fitch. Therefore, both brands would be positioned closer than if it is compare with Tommy Hilfiger. II.
The attributes, described as vectors on the map, indicate both magnitude and direction. Perhaps, the brands could fall under different points on the preference line. Nonetheless, the magnitude in which one brands is preferred over other cannot be measured nor can be estimated. Every decision would have to be taken by inference according to the map. III. The brands would be positioned according to the coordinates and the place in the axes of the maps would represent or suggest the underlying dimensions (or factors) that best characterize how costumers differentiate between alternatives.
The manufacturers or engineers could perceive their product very different from others; however, customer’s perceptions could be very different and associate the product with another one. Case Study: United Color of Benetton United People Problem: United Color of Benetton wants to reposition themselves as the preferred clothing store for young professionals in the United States. Attributes:Quality, Trendy, Comfortable, Business-Casual, Bold Colors, Preference, Accessible, Low-cost (Price), attracts looks, wrinkle free
The table above represent the averages of the responses obtain from the survey, which use a scale from one to seven, one being strongly disagreed and seven being strongly agree. Once the data is collected, based on the perception of individuals for each of the brands and attributes. The following step is, to perform a factor analysis to reduce the data without significantly loosing to much information and systematically find the inter-relationships among the different variables (attributes).
The outcome of the factor analysis indicates that the total variance explained with two attributes have a rotation sums of square loading of 66. 78 per cent, which the standard by the industry must be above 60 per cent. The study positioned United Colors of Benetton (Benetton) in the complete opposite position in which Benetton wants to be (See Graph A). The brands that are leading the market that Benetton would like to enter are: Tommy Hilfiger, Banana Republic, and Hugo Boss – listed on order of preference according to the study. These brands have been clustered as the I’m a Young Professional group (See Graph B).
Based on the desire of Benetton to reposition itself as the preferred clothing store for young professionals in the United States. Benetton would have to move into one of the three open spaces, in the consumers’ minds, that falls under the direction of preference and the desired position of Benetton. (See Graph C) Based on the desired repositioning of Benetton and its current position, I suggest that Benetton should develop their marketing strategies to position itself into Space A. Since moving into Space B or Space C, which are, at the moment, to far out of the current state that it would be to costly at the moment.
I Am the Messenger compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help
Kennedy is a character that depicts many attributes in which give him a life of solitude and feeling that there is no purpose in life. But with one event Kennedy’s life changes into a life of purpose, a life full of adventure, and a life in which he always wanted. Kennedy was a below average teenager with not much of a future since he was a high school drop out. Being an underage cabdriver it gave him enough money to survive but not enough to live a lavish lifestyle that every teenager wants to live.
Eventually he would notice this and Kennedy would lingered in a life without purpose. One day in his ordinary life Ed Kennedy decides to go to the bank without knowing that this event would change his life. Kennedy would be in a bank robbery, not as robbing the bank but as an innocent person, and would be held at gunpoint many times for not keeping his mouth shut. The robber eventually asks for someone’s key and Kennedy without knowing would save the robbery from this action. The robber went to get the car but didn’t know that it would not work at this time.
By giving him the keys to an old beat down car the robber was not able to escape and eventually Kennedy would grab the gun that the robber would leave at the ground and hold him at gun point until the police came to arrest the robber. With this single event Kennedy’s life would change and would be full of purpose; therefore, making it an important part of the theme. After the bank robbery Kennedy would be all over the newspapers because of his supposed heroism. Soon after his heroic day view he would receive an Ace of spades with a list of names on the card.
Instead of thinking that this card was a message Kennedy took it as an obligation to find these people and help. The first assignment was in the middle of the night at Edgar Street, this is an unexpected event in many ways. At his first assignment Kennedy did not know what to expect since he had done nothing of this sort before. At Edgar Street Ed Kennedy would observe a man raping his wife but would not know how to react and would ask himself who is giving him these assignments.
Later assignments would come and Kennedy as a character would evolve from an isolationist into a hero that would help others. Kennedy would charm the people in his assignments to change and would gain a purpose in life that both the assignments and him always wanted. The theme of this novel is to find a purpose in your life and to never stop striving to find it no matter what the circumstances are. In the novel I am the Messenger Ed Kennedy is living a life without purpose and just surviving.
But by doing each assignment with much charisma Kennedy inspires many to strive to become better; therefore, making the society around him a better place to live in. When Kennedy finally found his purpose he learned that some assignments would be simple while others would be painful to go through, which he had never experienced because he lived a life of isolation. Ultimately this novel, I am the Messenger, can relate to many people, which can motivate people to find a purpose in life.
Although the assignments were vividly harsh it depicts a point that everyone can learn from. Living in isolation does not harm anyone except for yourself but once you live a life full of charity and purpose one can experience life in a positive way. By living a life with these attributes Ed Kennedy evolved into a character that charms his assignments into doing what is right. The theme of the novel teaches to find a purpose in our lives so that we can live a life full of happiness even in the times of darkness.
Help the People in Need narrative essay help: narrative essay help
Many ordinary children do not think about death because it is not something a child wishes to think of. A childhood is supposed to be comprised of fantasy and dreaming of being a fireman, or an astronaut, or even a fictional character; but for the childhood of millions of children all around the world, their dream is merely to live. The horrifying sad truth of our world is that there are 33,000 innocent children dying under the age of five every day just because of malnutrition. 911 and starvation, Mylan Engel Jr. ) Not because they refuse to eat, not even because they have bad parents, but solely because they are homeless and cannot find any nutrition. These children can not help the fact that they are dying at all, they search throughout dumpsters and gutters just for one bite, but they still die. The price to keep one of these children hydrated for a few days is only fifteen cents. How much money is wasted everyday on needless items, and unnecessary products? Too much, and many people don’t realize that they too can be a huge contributor to someone’s life.
Imagine the situation: you are a young child four years of age, and you are literally dying for food, no one will help you, and you live on your own. Cant picture that? Don’t want to? Then think of your child dying because you cannot afford to feed him at such a young age. All the double cheeseburgers, French fries, fancy dining restaurants and other un-necessary expenses can easily be decided against. These prices, if counted, can add up to about one hundred and fifty dollars a week for most people.
What is probably not known is that a child can be saved for almost this amount. Two hundred dollars donated can save a child until he or she is six years of age, and able to fend for his or her self. Anyone who would disagree with the fact that you should help the poor is ignorant, and selfish. The excess amounts of money don’t hurt you too much, and in the end it gives you a great feeling, a sense of heroism. Please join the challenge of helping the incapable, and put your personal needs aside!
Dorothy Dandridge essay help online: essay help online
This paper reflects Dorothy Dandridge the first African American actress to achieve a leading-role status. Mrs. Dandridge also had a deeply troubled life, marked by the scars of a miserable childhood, a string of failed personal relationships, numerous career setbacks, and ongoing struggles with drug and alcohol abuse. Racism was also one of the demons with which she had to deal with. The terms race, ethnicity and culture have no generally agreed upon definitions.
There’s a growing interest in the dealings between race, ethnicity and culture and perhaps as a result of the psychiatric and psychological studies are being conducted to identify a possible link between mental disorders, personality and moral development (Fenton). One must remember all the changes that mark our lives make up a process called development, which is the series of age-related changes that happen over the course of a life span. Many factors influence development, including genes, parental upbringing, parents educational and economic backgrounds, and life experiences.
Even historical events over which one has no control can influence our development. Many forms of behavior can be better understood if one recognizes them as merely variations of basic human nature and personality. Because of this, it is necessary to have a general theory of human nature, personality and behavior before one try to examine any specific variation. Dorothy Dandridge responded very strongly to the emotional tone and atmosphere around her, and can be dominated by her fluctuating and unpredictable moods. Dandridge often appears irrational to others because she could not always explain the reason or source of her feelings.
Her feelings and emotions were something of a mystery . It was often difficult for her to share what she was feeling with others. She frequently withdrawal from the world and needed a healing, peaceful environment in order to blossom and come out of her own world. Dorothy Dandridge was a woman ruined by disastrous attempts to overcome racial barriers in movies and in her personal life, She successfully manage a prominent career and its successive fortunes, endure heartache and disappointment to one day find true love and security, and to overcome her own internal, self-destructive tendencies.
Many people do not realize that depression is a disease, it’s a real medical disorder where changes occur in the brain, and they have medicine that helps correct these imbalances. Depression has been described as a whole-body illness because it doesn’t only affect the person’s mood but can affect every aspect of a person’s life. Depression is an illness not a state of mind or a weakness. Dandridge often believe she must do something or be something other than what she is in order to receive approval and acceptance from others.
She was very sensitive to criticism and often felt left out or neglected, and though appeared cool or distant, Dandridge actually cared very much about being included. Dorothy Dandridge the little girl who would grow up to be one of her era’s most beautiful women, and one of the most famous African American actress in the 20th century. Dorothy came into the world at the heart of a heated domestic discord that in its own quiet unstated way would trouble and haunt her for the next forty years. Even before she was born, Dorothy Dandridge was at the center of a domestic storm.
Her mother Ruby, whom was an actress; was a strong-willed and outspoken woman whom left her husband Cyril Dandridge when she was five months pregnant with Dorothy. As a woman always searching for answers, Dorothy would often wonder how different it all might have turned out had she grownup with the father whom she had never really known. Dorothy wonder what direction her life might have taken had her mother Ruby never ventured to Cleveland and stayed instead on the wide plains of Kansas (nytimes). Through the mist of all the turmoil Dorothy married Harold Nicholas. The youngest brother in the famous Nicholas Brothers act in 1942.
After Dorothy found out the hard way Harold was not an ideal husband. Harold carried on affairs with other women and did not spend a lot of time at home. In 1943 Dorothy gave birth to a daughter named Harolyn. Dorothy soon discovered that her daughter had brain damage and eventually had to put her in someone else’s care. As Dorothy film career and marriage failed, Dandridge began drinking heavily and taking antidepressants. Dandridge soon suffered a nervous breakdown. On September 8, 1965, she was found dead in her Hollywood home, an apparent suicide from a drug overdose of the antidepressant Tofranil in 1965.
One might say growing up in a domestic abuse family, and being raised by a single mother. You will probably end up doing exactly what you see your mother do. I guess you can say like mother like daughter. Dorothy life mirrored her mother. Ruby her mother was an actress and she left her husband. Dorothy did the same thing. She ended her life by committing suicide. African-American women have a triple jeopardy status, which places them at risk for developing depression (Boykin, 1985; Carrington, 1980; Taylor, 1992). One whom live in a majority-dominated society that frequently devalues our ethnicity, culture, and gender.
In addition, one may find themselves at the lower spectrum of the American political and economic continuum. Often one is involved in multiple roles as one attempt to survive economically and advance ourselves, and our families through mainstream society. All these factors intensify the amount of stress within lives, which can wear down one’s self-esteem, social support systems, and health.
Geographic and Social Factors Encourage the Growth of Slavery free essay help: free essay help
Slavery has been around for a long time, even before the New World was discovered. The Africans were being traded to owners in the Mediterranean looking for workers. However, the usage was minimal at this time. Between 1607 and 1775, the slave trade had a huge boom. Slaves were sent to the New World to work, and they made up over 50 % of the population in colonies. Many factors contributed to this, economically, geographically, and socially.
The colonies in the New World often focused on raising crops for export to build their economy. At first, farmers experimented with tobacco and cotton. These farmers were unsuccessful and looked for a new crop to grow. Sugar soon became one the most popular crops and it was generated a great amount of wealth. Sugar is substantial and the market was growing in Europe every day. If sugar were to not sell, it could be distilled into rum which was also a booming market upon the Europeans.
Either way, there was no was loss in changing to sugar farms. Sugar cultivating took over the plantations in the New World; farmers began to convert most of their lands to sugar cane. This meant more workers were needed to work on these fields. These jobs were very labor-intensive so they first brought in the indentured servants. These servants were unable to adapt to the harsh tropical climate and the hard work discouraged them. It wasn’t much later when they decided to bring in the African slaves.
As these slaves were owned by them, they forced them to do these vigorous jobs. African slaves were sold very cheap by the slave traders. They were also in a great abundance, making work even easier. The best part is however, that there was little in the law protecting the slaves nor controlling the price of the slaves. The slave owners worked their slaves to death as it was cheaper for them to purchase new slaves than to keep their current ones healthy. Rarely did these African slaves live pass forty.
These slaves were merely property to the slave owners, rarely were they helped by the slave owners or kept healthy. Slavery grew massively through 1607 to 1775. It was effected by economic, social, and geographic factors. It was highly beneficial for the slave owners and they need not to pay for indentured servants any longer or take care of them. These slaves could also be forced to work under any conditions, whether it was raining or not. They were even treated poorly, and little was done to protect them in the laws.
Brose Case Study essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax
What is the Brose Groups business and what are the critical success factors (CSF’s) in a business like Brose’s? [lists] * International automobile industry and delivery mechatronic system and electric drives to automotive manufacturers and suppliers
* Brose standardize their operation, and uses ERP application. * Well-established Information technology management * Hire professional consultants to train employees * to better use ERP application system 2. What operational, management and control, and corporate learning/innovation challenges were faced by Brose during its rapid expansion over the last two decades? table] Operational | Management and control|
The implementation of ERP system may cause a significant number of change within an organization | Lower total costs of information management information technology investment | The potential lake of in house skills and users’ resistance | 5.
What steps did they take to minimize the risks associated with this kind of deployment? [list] * Reengineer business process, develop a detailed requirements specification, conduct system prior to the system implementation and closely monitor the system’s performance * Formulation of he steering committee, appointment of project sponsor, and internal audit’s involvement *
Train project team, the establishment of a close working relationship between consultant and project team * Management support, user’s involvement.
Pride by Sionil F. Jose essay help writer: essay help writer
Sionil F. Jose from Sionil Jose’s Book Waywaya and other short stories. 1. What are the settings of short stories of Sionil Jose?
1. 1 Place – urban p. 58 “.. shop windows and the cars edged one another on the Escolta. He did not callfor the office car to take him home… “
1. 2 Time – afternoon to midnight p. 58 “.. but in a while the iceplant siren blew into the dead afernon air- it was five and the crownd began to swell in the cafe. ” p. 59 ” When he reached.. he stars dimly shone in the narrow strips of the sky above. “
2. What types of characters are found in Sionil Jose’s stories:
2. 1 Gender – male > Domingo > Tio Lope – female > Domingo’s wife
2. 2 Social Condition -poor (at first) p. 60 “It was then that she drew a twenty peso bill from her bag and gave him ten pesos insisting that he take it. ” – rich p. 59 “In the cubicle by the kitchen, the maid softly snored. “
2. 3 Type – round > Domingo.
He had always agreed to his wife’s relatives , accepting every little gift they give to them. But he has now come to the decision that he and his wife shall now start being independent. – flat > Domingo’s wife. HIs wife had always been passionate about his husband, and still agrees to seek help from his relatives until the last part of the story. 3. What are the themes in the short stories: – Believe in yourself. – Having a sense of pride is the same as having self-respect. p. 4 “Three years ago, I was bubbling with ideas planning our life. The future was just as bright though the climbing may have been steeper. A man has to have some self-respect. ” 4. What are the conflicts involved in the short story? – man vs circumstances p. 64 “.. but even if he put on a word, I am fed up. ” – man vs. man p. 63 ” Your folks have done everything to spoil our marrige. ” 5. From whose point of view in the short story? – Third person p. 60 “She smiled and drew closer to him. “
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment Plan grad school essay help: grad school essay help
She describes that there is many things she should accomplish and complains about being unable to form effective working and personal relationships. She reports that she was always nervous, had much more anxiety in adolescence, and got worse in late adolescence when parents divorce. Also, she recently broke up with her boyfriend and become more worried. My literature review on Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) showed that Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most effective technique in the treatment of GAD, therefore I will use CBT in the treatment of Susan.
There are some other factors that will affect my treatment plan: patient and problem characteristics. Susan will have psychosocial treatment because her symptoms don’t require medicine. I don’t expect that she resist to the therapy, therefore it can be a therapist-directed therapy. It will be a task focused and a supportive therapy. She will join a short-term individual therapy in outpatient setting.
Basic goals of the treatment are to teach her the role of maladaptive thoughts in behavior, recognizing when she engage in maladaptive thoughts, replacing her maladaptive thoughts with more adaptive ones, modifying maladaptive behaviors and getting physically relaxed. In therapy, I should be educative to teach these to her and directive to create a change on her. Since a good therapeutic relationship is a very important part of CBT, I should also be empathetic and supportive to her feelings like anxiety, worry, or fear.
I will use psychoeducation, thought recoding, and cognitive exposure techniques; problem solving and relaxation trainings in my treatment. First, psychoeducation is educating the clients about the roles of cognition in disorders, teaching the facts of their disorders, and making them collaborators. Second, thought recording is an activity in which clients fill out a table about unpleasant thoughts. When they experience an unpleasant situation, they write the event, what it makes feel, their explanations for it, most realistic explanation for it, and what this new explanation makes feel.
Third, cognitive exposure is desensitization through being exposed frightening stimuli. Fourth, problem solving training teaches to focusing on a problem, defining it and the goal, creating alternative solutions, and decision making. Finally, in relaxation training clients learn tensing and releasing various groups of muscles while focusing on relaxation in order to relax themselves and lower their arousal. Susan will have 14 weekly sessions which takes 1. 5 hours. At first week, I will gather information about her.
First, to have her biographical information, I will ask her contact information, age, education, marital status, with whom she is living, and economic status. Then, I will ask questions about her counseling, medical, and family history. In first two sessions, I will give information to the client about the facts of GAD, roles of maladaptive cognitions and behaviors in disorders, basics of CBT, and importance of her collaboration for the treatment. After I inform the client, I will start to intervention. First, I will give her a worksheet as homework.
When she feels worry, she will note what it is about, how it makes feel, and what she can do for this situation. With this exercise, she will learn to recognize when she engage in maladaptive thoughts. Second, I will give problem-solving training in order to replacing her maladaptive thoughts with more adaptive ones. Training will teach focusing on her problem, defining the problem and the goal, creating alternative solutions, and decision making. When she learned enough about problem solving, we will return to her worksheet and she will find alternative solutions or thoughts for the situations she wrote.
Third, she will take relaxation training to learn relaxing herself and lowering her arousal. In this training, she will learn tense and relax various muscle groups, how anxiety works, and how to cope with it. Fourth, after she learns relaxation training, I will use exposure technique. We will record a video while she telling her worst scenario in her mind. Then, she will watch it every day until she doesn’t feel anxiety. At the end of 14 weeks, I expect that Susan is more relax and has less physical complains.
Properties of Organic Compounds essay help 123: essay help 123
The temperature of the gas phase rises again until it reaches the boiling point of a second content in the mixture and so on. By simple microscale distillation, we purified an unknown organic compound and then identified the unknown organic compound by using the boiling point and density measurements. Procedure/Results 5 mL of the unknown impure organic A was collected in an Erlenmeyer flask. A simple distillation apparatus was assembled and 3 mL of the unknown impure organic A was transferred into the distillation flask along with 3 boiling chips.
A thermometer was then suspended down the middle of the condenser to record the distillation temperature. The mixture was heated gently and a pure solvent started to collect in the distillation flask. Two different fractions were collected. The first one was the forerun, which was collected before the temperature stabilized and the second one was when the temperature of the boiling compound began to stabilize. The unknown impure organic A was identified using density and boiling point measurements collected.
Another simple distillation apparatus was assembled to find the boiling point of the unknown impure organic A. 3 mL of the unknown impure organic A and 3 boiling chips were transferred into the distillation flask and heated gently until the substance started to boil. The unknown impure organic A produced 0. 3 mL with a boiling point of 55°C for fraction one, which resulted in the density to be 0. 86 g/mL. 1. 2 mL was produced for fraction two with a boiling point of 58°C, resulting in a density of 0. 3 g/mL. The unknown impure organic A was then identified as acetone. Acetone has a boiling point range of 56-57°C and a density of 0. 791 g/mL. The observed boiling point range was 49-52°C with a volume of 2. 4 mL and a mass of 1. 71 g, resulting in a density of 0. 713 g/mL. Discussion: Acetone has a boiling point range of 56-57°C and a density of 0. 791 g/mL. The unknown impure organic A was identified as acetone due to having a boiling point range of 49-52°C and a density of 0. 713 g/mL.
The boiling point range of the unknown impure organic A was lower than acetone’s actual boiling point range by 4-7°C, but was close enough to be identified as acetone because the density was only 0. 078 g/mL lower also. Therefore, both the density and boiling point measurements were good methods to use to identify the unknown impure organic A. Since the product wasn’t in exact value to acetone, errors could’ve occurred in the experiment. The boiling point could have still been trying to increase when we thought it had stabilized at 52°C, or liquid could’ve been lost due to spillage in transferring it to the distillation flask.
Conclusion The objective of the experiment was to identify the unknown impure organic A with the boiling point and density measurements by using a simple microscale distillation to purify it. Our results correctly identified the unknown impure organic A (with few errors) and proved the distillation process valid. This experiment could be improved by recording more fractions, or repeating the fractions several times and recording the boiling point more than once to improve accuracy.
Writing Analysticallly argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Assignment: “Toolkit of Analytical Methods I: Seeing Better, Seeing More” “Toolkit of Analytical Methods I: Seeing Better, Seeing More” is an informational text that helps students with their writing along with some facts a college writer should know. The text includes many sets of tools for teaching ways of seeing and making sense of things in writing. The author mentions that the tools mentioned in the text will help a writer discover things to say about whatever a writer wants to write about.
The author mentions that heuristics, the tools that train your way of seeing and making sense of things comes from the same root as Eureka, which means “I’ve found it! ” The two broad categories of heuristics mentioned in this chapter are observation strategies and interpretive prompts. Both of the categories retrain the way a writer focuses on the attention from the general to the local. Heuristics are not used for organizing papers but more of a “thinking move” as the writer says.
The author says that heuristics are made to create better quality material for an essay or any type of writing. Along with stating the importance of heuristics in the text, the author names some great writing methods a writer should know to better their writing techniques. Additionally, the author talks about useful topics, for example: generalizing statements, naturalizing our assumptions, and a lot more that can help a student’s writing. Definitions 1. Heuristics: tools for training your ways of seeing and making sense of things- the world, images, and especially written texts. This term is crucial to understand the article because the author explains how heuristics will help better a writer’s writing.
2. React: Respond or behave in a particular way in response to something •This term is crucial to understand the article because the author explains how reacting is not the same as thinking 3. Over-personalizing: naturalizing our assumptions •This term is crucial to understand the article because the author states how a writer must break the habit of treating our points of view as self-evidently true. . Binary oppositions: pairs of words or details that are opposites 5. Anomalies: expectations to the patterns, things that seem not to fit. 6. Repetitions: The action of repeating something. 7. Observation strategies: one of the two broad categories of heuristics. 8. Interpretive prompts: one of the two broad categories of heuristics. 9. Paraphrase: A rewording of something written or spoken by someone else. 10. Generalize: Make general or broad statements
Android Applications with Artificial Intelligence in Mobile Phones college essay help online free: college essay help online free
Every company is willing to provide new features and easy to use interface to their customers. But perfection is a thing which comes with time. This paper will include various features, advantages, lacking of major mobile operating systems which includes iOS by Apple, Android by Google and Symbian of Nokia. With the analysis, I have found that once a major market share holder Symbian is now on a verge to be history, while new operating systems are at a boom due to new technology and features, iOS has still been able to conserve its market share with frequent updations.
KEYWORDS: Android, Symbian, iOS, Mobile Operating System I. With increasing craze of mobile phones in customers, we often see a wave of confusion for selection of best phone in their minds. Hundreds of brands with different operating systems, providing tons of features to customers seems to be a mind boggling market. “A mind-boggling bazaar of competing manufacturers and overlapping technologies” -William D. Marbach Competition in mobile industry is increasing day by day. Every mobile company wants to provide best features in their mobiles
During 1940s Motorola developed a two way Walkie-Talkie and a two way radio for military which is very big in size. What is an Operating System? An OS is the most critical software element on any running processor-based device. The OS manages the hardware and software resources within a device and performs and manages basic tasks such as the recognition of input from the device keyboard and generation of output to the device’s screen. It also ensures that different programs running at the same time do not interfere with each other. It is responsible for the management of memory and for communication within the device. OSs may be extended to add additional complexity and hence functionality to the code.
In the mobile world, the more complex OSs will contain, for example, UI (User Interface) elements as these become increasingly important as the devices become more complex. The OS is purposely hidden from the user who, as a general rule, will have no direct interaction with it. It is, rather, a base onto which the applications required by the user are loaded. The OS is not only a key element in terms of the tasks it performs but the choice of OS will constrain or enable the functionality of the end device in two key respects; firstly that which is technically possible with any given OS and secondly that which is available, i. e. what applications have been developed for that OS. The OS, provides a software platform on top of which other application programs can run.
The application programs have to be written for a particular OS so the choice of OS, therefore, determines to a great extent the applications that can be offered on the end device. The OS also provides a consistent interface for applications, regardless of the hardware it is loaded on. Communication between the OS and the applications is done through an API (Application Program Interface) which allows a software developer to write an application for one device and have a high level of confidence that it will run on another running the same OS. III. The Mobile OSs can be differentiated, based on the existing operating systems used by computers. a. Real-Time Operating System (RTOS)
Real-Time Operating System which responds to inputs, immediately and generates results, instantly. This type of system is usually used to control scientific devices and similar small instruments where memory and resources are crucial and constricted. This type of devices have very limited or zero-end user utilities, so more effort goes into making the OS really memory efficient and fast (less coding), so as to minimize the execution time ,in turn saving on power as well. e. g. : 8086 etc. b. Single user, single tasking operation system This type of OS is better version of Real time OS, where one user can do effectively one thing at a time, which means that doing more than one thing at a time is difficult in this type of OS.
Why I Chose to Get a Degree in Accounting assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney
I have chosen a degree in accounting because I have always enjoyed working with numbers. I enjoyed math classes in high school, but I knew that I wanted to be working in some sort of business field. I have aunts and uncles in the accounting field, so when declaring a major in college, I chose accounting. Once attending college, I declared a major in accounting because I enjoyed the number crunching and the logic of the financial statements. I wasn’t sure that I had chosen the right degree, until I completed my pre-business accounting classes.
After excelling in both these classes, I knew that this would be a major that I would not only do well in but also enjoy. Another reason why I have chose a accounting degree is because I look forward to the continued education aspect of the profession. I do not want to be stuck in a static profession, when I know that there is no limit to the amount of education I can receive. I would like to continue learning and building on my skills and knowledge throughout my career.
I want to be familiar with various businesses and see the interworkings and parts within a business. With accounting, I can work with various clients and businesses and gain knowledge about other professions and industries. Finally, I chose an accounting degree because in these unstable economic times, the demand for accountants seems to be relatively high. I believe that there will always be a high demand for accounts because accounting is the language of business.
Does Television Make Children Violent essay help websites: essay help websites
Does Watching Television Cause Children to be Violent? In today society the television play’s a prominent role in the majority of all houses in the U. S. In fact, more than half of the homes in America have over three or more TVs. (…) Numerous studies have been conducted about whether or not television influences children to be violent and once all the studies have been completed, they have proven the same thing- violence on TV does impact children.
The purpose of this research essay is to shed some light on: how much television a child watches, how much violence is in most TV shows, what the government is doing about restricting this type of exposure, as well as several other important topics for discussion. The role that television plays in civilization today cannot be stressed enough. The TV has become a central source of entertainment in most homes, as well as a source of information from around the world.
Therefore, naturally people will spend a great deal of time in front of it, watching shows of their preference. When it comes to children, they are no different than the rest of a televisions audience. There are is a finite amount of shows, programs, and cartoons that are geared specifically towards younger children of all ages. Whatever age a child begins watching shows, that child becomes subject to all kinds of themes that parents may not be aware of. For example violence is the most frequent story topic of most television programs on the air today.
According to a research article at Gonzaga. edu, “over half (55%) of the stories about youth referenced violence, and more than two thirds (68%) about violence concerned youth” (Rawlings). These numbers show that although children are more than likely to watch children shows, even those types of shows display violence in some of its many forms. So exactly how much television violence is a child subjected to when watching television? Well first it’s important to understand how much an average child in America watches TV.
This information can be crucial when discovering the root cause in disobedience and academic failings. In an attempt to eliminate children from being exposed to: sexual content, graphic violence, and strong profanity in television programs; the government established The Parental Guidelines system on January 1, 1997. Although the concept of restricting what children watch seems like a sound argument, it is completely flawed when it is left up to the discretion of parents. This is due to the reality that not all parents are the same and not all of them utilize the TV Rating system is that has been established by Congress.
Although most TVs, cables networks, and viewing programs provide accessibility to a parental restricting system that works hand in hand with The Parental Guidelines system, not everyone uses that either. So in short, if parents are given the necessary tools in order to protect their children from being exposed to an unrestricted amount of violence, and they’re not using them, this can lead to trouble down the line as a child gets older. A system can only succeed if it’s being implemented and used. However, kudos to the parents that are using the system and are actively monitoring what their younglings is being exposed to.
As any parent would attest to, being a parent can become quite overwhelming at times. Using the television as a means of calming a child and keeping their attention is considered a blessing by so many, however, it is also important to use these commodities that are available to protect kids. On a global aspect, the United States of America is not the only country in the world where children are exposed to violence on TV. However, the difference between America and other countries is that America has statistics that prove our crime rates are the highest in the world.
According to a congressional hearing that took place in 2004, “The U. S. has the highest homicide rate of all developed countries in the world. In fact, it is not higher by a small amount; it’s higher by five to twenty times more. ” (Representatives). The US has a horrible reputation and for good reasoning too. The numbers of violence that occurs reflects the number of kids that are exposed to violent television shows. Due to the nature of this information, the US Government has taken an initiative for addressing these concerns.
Violence on TV desensitizes people to reality and the consequences that follow. Although most people can determine what’s real from what’s not, the line that separates the two can become very thin in the eyes of a child. As a child becomes more exposed to examples of adult themes and violence they begin to grow accustom to it. Children are young and based upon their short life; they haven’t gained the necessary experience to know exactly what entails when someone commits the act of violence or other illegal acts.
Video games and movies do an even better job of desensitizing children to violence due to the fact that video games are an interactive form of entertaining where one of the bestselling games of all time is a First Person Shooter where the majority of its players have been known to be under the age of 17. When it comes to movies being played on television, majority of profanity, sexual content, and violence is removed prior to the movie being aired. This type of censoring is a good thing for children because the exposure to adult themes is very limited.
Limiting a child to these things can be viewed as either a good thing or a bad thing, depending on which side of the fence you are with it. When a person becomes desensitized to violence it tends to have a long term effect on how they view the world. The more a child is exposed to these things, the more likely they are to commit similar acts that they see every day on the TV. The concept of Monkey See, Monkey Do, plays a prominent role in this argument as humans naturally imitate one another. So what type of long term effects does an excessive amount of exposure to these things have on a child?
The answer is simple: bad ones. Since today’s children are spending majority of their free time playing video games, watching movies, or TV; they are sacrificing other activities in their life as a result. According to the article “Television and Children” from the University of Michigan’s website, as a result of this sacrifice these activities “may replace activities that we know help with school performance, such as reading, doing homework, pursuing hobbies, and getting enough sleep” (Boyse). This quote basically states that hildren lose out on more activities in life and their school performance can definitely suffer too when a child spends more time watching TV. A simple equation can be created out of this concept and it goes as such: the more a child watches TV, the more they lose sleep and do worse in school, however, the gain that is acquired from watching more is that they are exposed to more violence and adult themes. It’s a simple case of this equals that. Also, this can probably shed some light on why so many kids are failing academically at the moment.
According to the same article that was mentioned last, not only are children being subjected to more negativity, but they are also: spending less time interacting with family members, more likely to become obese, having behavior problems, becoming defiant, not participating with chores, and less physical activity. As for the physiological effects that children experience: having less empathy toward others, a perspective on violence that glamorizes it as a fun and effective way to get what they want without consequences (Boyse). According to Illinoi. du, another negative physiological effect that children have is that,”They may become more fearful of the world around them” (Anonymous). It would seem that these types of effects that a child experiences seem to have no bounds on all aspects of their life. Whether it’s becoming more aggressive towards others or fearing aggression from others, kids definitely deal with the effects of violence in several different ways. Let’s face it; violence is human nature that American society has deemed as wrong, immoral, and illegal. However, violence on television really is a reflection of the violence in society.
As human beings, we have the instinctive nature to commit acts of anger and dominance since the age of a toddler. It is only when we begin to mature that we are taught that these things are wrong. However, suppressing this animalistic nature is a lifelong process that can easily be deterred from TV. When children are shown how to commit acts of violence at a young age, via one of the current forms of entertainment, their knowledge and experience is reduced the more they’re engaged with it. Depending on a family’s situation at home, a child can have more TV time than average.
For instance: Single parents, parents with multiple kids, inactive parents, or parents that just don’t want to be involved with their kids; tend to rely on the TV to occupy and educate children on life. It’s an effective way to hook a kid’s attention, but it can become quite addicting for a child and difficult for them to let go of once they become attached to it. Furthermore, if a child is left in front of a TV for extended periods of time, then this form of media becomes an educator that teaches children about the world.
The lessons that a kid can learn from a television are infinite. However, it is only natural to note that the more a child watches violence, the more they learn to accept that is a common. A counter argument for violence in television is that this form of media can express the impact that violence has on others. Although, not all violent shows demonstrate the full aspect of one’s consequences there can still be an interpretation of cause and effect. The argument that not all violent shows are bad can be viewed as negative and/or beneficial, depending on who’s discussing the topic.
This argument is flawed because it has been repeatedly documented that when children watch acts of rage, aggression, or abuse on television; they have been known to experience surges of adrenaline and are more likely to resort to violent acts in order to get what they want. Once aggression settles in, it takes a child a long period of time before they begin to understand the scope of their actions. Another counter argument is that television simply doesn’t have the impact on children that everyone thinks. This argument is can be proven wrong with the shear amount of research that has been conducted to prove that it does.
According to the article “Does TV Make Kids Killers”, “Research shows that television violence does increase levels of aggression, fear and desensitization among some who consume it. The strongest impacts are on the youngest viewers” (Hamilton). And also, “Social science research indicates that violent images are more likely to be imitated if they go unpunished, show little pain or suffering and involve attractive perpetrators” (Hamilton). These quotes are from an article that was written on a similar topic by a professor at Duke University.
In his article Hamilton stresses the reality that kids do in fact become more violent by watching violence. This argument actually holds no weight, but it is been brought up by several agencies as to rather or not this issue needs to be dressed at all. We know that the US Government has conducted studies to prove that all of this information occurs every day, but the question remains- What can we do to stop children from being subjected to this type of misconstrued education? Well for starters, making sure people are informed is a good place to begin. The more parents, eachers, and even children are informed, the more we are able to identify it when it occurs. The Parental Guidance system is an effective and wonderful means for identifying shows that are inappropriate for kids at specific age groups. However, not many parents are informed of the importance of using this guidance system because they’re not aware of the effects that violence can actually have on kids. Everyone knows that knowing is half the battle, so if a parent doesn’t know that their kid is at risk of growing up learning to behave in a number of ways regarding issues learned from television than these parents are uniformed.
In conclusion, everyone plays a role in preventing this from happening, from the politicians to the entertainment officials, also the parents right on down to the children; everyone. That being said in most cases ignorance is bliss but when planning on becoming a parent it’s very important to educate yourself so that you can better help your children and the best way to do this is by becoming more educated on how the smallest thing like television can have lifelong affects on our children.
With the information I have given you and all the recent studies it’s unlikely that things will ever change in the immediate future unless more parents start becoming more actively involved and giving their children other sources of entertainment. What it comes down to is this, if more families well better yet everyone is more aware and informed on the results and consequences, the better chances that all children will have a fighting chance at a good healthy life.
Analyse Character Dracula by Bram Stocker summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help
The novel “ Dracula” by Bram Stocker is one of the most famous horror novels in literature history all over the world. This well –known work of art was insight into the mind of many reader generations . Therefore, it took for granted that they impressed character Count Dracula on the memory through the attractive written pages of author. Indeed, among some first chapters of this novel , no chapter can show the image of Dracula which was potrayed obivously by the trenchant characterization penmanship of Stoker than chapter 3 .
The counternance of Count Dracula in chapter 3 was sketched in each specific circumstance. For example: “ his quiet smile, with the sharp, canine teeth lying over the red underlip. ”, “ His eyes were positively blazing. The red light in them was lurid, as if the flames of hell fire blazed behind them. His face was deathly pale, and the lines of it were hard like drawn wires. The thick eyebrows that met over the nose now seemed like a heaving bar of white-hot metal.
With a fierce sweep of his arm, he hurled the woman from him, and then motioned to the others, as though he were beating them back. It was the same imperious gesture that I had seen used to the wolves. In a voice which, though low and almost in a whisper seemed to cut through the air and then ring in the room”. Generally, he seemed to looklike mystery, evil and fierce so this image extremely matched with a crafty vampire.
Count Dracula appeared when Jonathan Harker’s mind was very confused and frightened because he supposed that himself became a prisoner of Count. And then, through a long talk with Harker about Transylvania question , Count Dracula ‘s life story was shown through Jonathan’s the point of view and Count’s monologue passage: “In his speaking of things and people, and especially of battles, he spoke as if he had been present at them all.
This he afterwards explained by saying that to a Boyar the pride of his house and name is his own pride, that their glory is his glory, that their fate is his fate. Whenever he spoke of his house he always said “we”, and spoke almost in the plural, like a king speaking…. One thing he said which I shall put down as nearly as I can, for it tells in its way the story of his race”. There fore, the first characteristics of Count Dracula is high self-esteem.
Especially , Dracula showed deeply his pride in royal bloodstream and his courageous races in past : “We Szekelys have a right to be proud, for in our veins flows the blood of many brave races who fought as the lion fights, for lordship. Here, in the whirlpool of European races, the Ugric tribe bore down from Iceland the fighting spirit which Thor and Wodin game them, which their Berserkers displayed to such fell intent on the seaboards of Europe, aye, and of Asia and Africa too, till the peoples thought that the werewolves themselves had come.
Here, too, when they came, they found the Huns, whose warlike fury had swept the earth like a living flame, till the dying peoples held that in their veins ran the blood of those old witches, who, expelled from Scythia had mated with the devils in the desert. Fools, fools! What devil or what witch was ever so great as Attila, whose blood is in these veins? ” He held up his arms. ” He was overproud of Attila’ s descendant and his battle merits with spirit : “ brave races who fouht as the lion fights”.
It was admirable that Count had dominated the Four Nations,namely Saxons (German), Wallachs (Romanian), Magyars and Szeklers (Hungarian). Above all, he glorified war and regretted his ancestral heyday : “ Was it not this Dracula, indeed, who inspired that other of his race who in a later age again and again brought his forces over the great river into Turkeyland, who, when he was beaten back, came again, and again, though he had to come alone from the bloody field where his troops were being slaughtered, since he knew that he alone could ultimately triumph!
They said that he thought only of himself. Bah! What good are peasants without a leader? Where ends the war without a brain and heart to conduct it? Again, when, after the battle of Mohacs, we threw off the Hungarian yoke, we of the Dracula blood were amongst their leaders, for our spirit would not brook that we were not free. Ah, young sir, the Szekelys, and the Dracula as their heart’s blood, their brains, and their swords, can boast a record that mushroom growths like the Hapsburgs and the Romanoffs can never reach. ” .
Especially, Dracula was the warlike man interested in the lost glory of races : “ warlike days are over” and disregard peace : “ Blood is too precious a thing in these days of dishonourable peace”. This was reasonable because he was a sanguinary hunter who opposed human beings and Christianity values through novel. The second characteristics of Count is erudite, intelligent and thorough . This characteristics continued describing with indirect method through Harker’ s view and conversation form. A typical example in here is the passage which reported the full nowledge of Dracula about legal problem : “First, he asked if a man in England might have two solicitors or more. He seemed thoroughly to understand, and went on to ask if there would be any practical difficulty in having one man to attend, say, to banking, and another to look after shipping, in case local help were needed in a place far from the home of the banking solicitor. I asked to explain more fully, so that I might not by any chance mislead him”. Besides, the vivid conversation proned to soliloquy by Dracula is a convincing evidence of his intelligence :”I shall illustrate.
Your friend and mine, Mr. Peter Hawkins, from under the shadow of your beautiful cathedral at Exeter, which is far from London, buys for me through your good self my place at London …. Now, suppose I, who have much of affairs, wish to ship goods, say, to Newcastle, or Durham, or Harwich, or Dover, might it not be that it could with more ease be done by consigning to one in these ports? ” . Moreover, his surprising understading was proved through Jonathan’s remark : “For a man who was never in the country, and who did not evidently do much in the way of business, his knowledge and acumen were wonderful”.
All of above things proved plot to London to be prepared perfectly. However, the more intelligent he got, the more dangerous he was. A man is not only skillful but also cruel surely become a great risk for innocent people. The third characteristics of Dracula is powerful . He displayed forcefull manner of the master , an air of authority that forces obedience : “ This is a terrible thought, for if so, what does it mean that he could control the wolves, as he did, by only holding up his hand for silence? . Especially ,he showed his threatening attitude with polite manner:”I desire it much, nay I will take no refusal. When your master, employer, what you will, engaged that someone should come on his behalf, it was understood that my needs only were to be consulted. I have not stinted. Is it not so? ” or “ “I trust you will forgive me, but I have much work to do in private this evening. You will, I hope, find all things as you wish. ” The way he influenced on his victims made them non- resistant.
Futher more , his supernature power was indicated in passage describing scene Dracula creeped on the rock: “But my very feelings changed to repulsion and terror when I saw the whole man slowly emerge from the window and begin to crawl down the castle wall over the dreadful abyss, face down with his cloak spreading out around him like great wings. At first I could not believe my eyes. I thought it was some trick of the moonlight, some weird effect of shadow, but I kept looking, and it could be no delusion.
I saw the fingers and toes grasp the corners of the stones, worn clear of the mortar by the stress of years, and by thus using every projection and inequality move downwards with considerable speed, just as a lizard moves along a wall. What manner of man is this, or what manner of creature, is it in the semblance of man? I feel the dread of this horrible place overpowering me. I am in fear, in awful fear, and there is no escape for me. I am encompassed about with terrors that I dare not think of”. Another inborn personnality of Count is acumen.
When Dracula’s brides harmed nearly Jonathan Harker , he appeared immediately to protect the young solicitor. The main character, Dracla is put in the Gothic setting with ancient castle , yellow moonlight, the diamond panes full of dust. All of them were covered by a mysterious atmosphere which enhanced the attractiveness of novel: “ The castle was built on the corner of a great rock, so that on three sides it was quite impregnable, and great windows were placed here where sling, or bow, or culverin could not reach, and consequently light and comfort, impossible to a position which had to be guarded, were secured.
To the west was a great valley, and then, rising far away, great jagged mountain fastnesses, rising peak on peak, the sheer rock studded with mountain ash and thorn, whose roots clung in cracks and crevices and crannies of the stone. This was evidently the portion of the castle occupied by the ladies in bygone days, for the furniture had more an air of comfort than any I had seen”. Through Bram Stocker’s talented penmanship , character Count Dracula was shown sharply with the Gothic style matched with horror novel.
Besides, Dracula characterization portrayed objectively and persuasively by indirect method through Jonathan Harker’s reported speech and conversation. The author described Count with many intensive adjectives which was suitable for situations Dracula appeared. Only with not long capacity, but chapter 3 portrayed lively and fully the main character Count Dracula. Therefore , It is worthy that many readers enjoy it with a complete view on this negative character.
George Washington’s Advice to the American People high school essay help: high school essay help
George Washington’s farewell letter, it is almost impossible for me to choose his most important piece of advice. His points seem almost haunting while reading them with our country in its present condition. Washington had such foresight and wisdom. The sad reality is that we as a country have so strayed from his advice. He made multiple points that I think are vastly important. Washington warned against political parties. He pointed out that they only cause disagreements and disunity among the people.
Instead of Americans being one unified people, we have become defined by our political party. Republicans and democrats are in constant struggle over views and agendas. Washington warned us to flee from these and hold fast to unity. Washington also emphasized the importance of religion and morality. He held tightly to the belief that a person’s spiritual life had effects on one’s decisions in everyday life. With morality as the heart of an issue, people are more likely to treat each other fairly and be unified in spirit.
One of the most outstanding pieces of advice from our first president sends chills down my spine. Washington encouraged sparing use of credit. He did not believe we as a nation should be in debt to anyone, which is also Biblical. He warned us to take heed of falling into debt. This is great advice that has so obviously been forgotten it is maddening. Our country is currently 16 trillion dollars in debt. We spend more than we take in, and we are putting our future in the hands of government of foreign lands. This reality speaks wholeheartedly to Washington’s next piece of advice.
The last two pieces of advice I believe go hand in hand. Washington spelled out plainly that we did not want to be overly involved with other nations; in fact, he discouraged permanent alliances with any foreign nation. By doing so, we put our national security at possible risk. In regards to national security, Washington believed that we should have a strong military force. Being in the military, Washington understood to need for men purposed to fight for our freedom. This is yet another issue we face today with our current president wishing to downsize our military.
I truly believe if we will begin to follow Washington’s advice, at least in part, we can improve the future of our country. Lastly, I believe Washington encouraged unity in almost every point he made. He was passionate for our country, for our freedom, for our future. In his farewell address he stated that at the mere thought of the honor and privilege of being an American, the spirit of patriotism should unite us all to action. The pride of being an American should link us like no other nation before or since.
Social Diversity argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Even in the military, these individuals experience discrimination. Therefore, the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy was put in place to protect gays and lesbians. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) individuals are unique and have unique needs in terms of civil justice and equality. The LGBT population comprises a diverse community with health concerns, civil liberty needs and family planning anxieties. They must also deal with paranoia, isolation, depression, and others being homophobic due to their sexual orientation.
The issues surrounding personal, family, and social acceptance of sexual orientation can place a significant burden on mental as well as physical health for those in the LGBT community. (Clarke, 2010). Some individuals go as far as contemplating suicide to actually completing suicide because they feel they are less worthy than people of heterosexuality. If these individuals were more accepted in society, more information would be attainable to increase programs to meet the unique needs in these communities.
LGBT people must deal with prejudice and discrimination when trying to obtain health care in hospitals and certain religious-based clinics and hospitals. (Sember, 2006). In the LGBT community, sexually transmitted diseases are often more widespread than in communities where the LGBT population is lower. Currently in the United States, blood donation centers will not accept blood donated by gay and bisexual men. The same goes for men who have ever had even one sexual experience or contact with other men. Gay and bisexual men are excluded regardless of their individual sexual histories or HIV risk.
Current policy establishes different standards for behaviors that pose similar (or greater) risk of HIV transmission; it has been criticized, as stigmatizing and discriminatory to gay and bisexual men. (HHS, 2012). Currently, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is conducting studies to examine the policy banning gay and bisexual men from donating blood. HHS(2012) has stated, “When these studies are complete, the Department is committed to a full evidence-based evaluation of the policy. If the data indicate that a change is possible while protecting the blood supply, we will consider a change to the policy. (HHS, 2012) Until these studies are complete, the HHS will not consider the remote chance that a gay or bisexual man can donate blood. Literature Review One issue of contention in the LGBT community is the issue of raising and/or adopting children. LGBT individuals and couples become parents in a variety of ways, including adoption, foster parenting, donor insemination, surrogacy, and having children from previous heterosexual relationships. The law governing family relationships varies significantly from state-to-state. (American Civil Liberties Union, 2012).
Currently, in the United States, Utah, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Ohio, Kentucky, North Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiana have laws where same sex couples are barred from doing joint and/or second parent adoptions. Nebraska, Utah, and Mississippi have laws barring same-sex couples from even being a foster parent. (American Civil Liberties Union, 2012). Being there is a lack of loving, stable foster homes in America, it would be beneficial to these states to allow LGBT couples or individuals to foster children and provide stable homes for these children.
Some people believe that children of homosexual parents are at greater risk for sexual abuse, pedophilia, or other mistreatments. Social scientists have been studying children raised by what society calls “normal” families and children raised by parents of the same sex for over twenty years. They have noticed there is no difference in the children’s behavior, affect, development, or relationships. What matter the most is whether they are in a loving, nurturing home with committed parents. (Lev, 2004). The American Academy of Pediatrics (2012) recognizes that a onsiderable body of professional literature provides evidence that children with parents who are homosexual can have the same advantages and the same expectations for health, adjustment, and development as can children whose parents are heterosexual. When one thinks of marriage, the first thing that comes to mind is a union between one man and one woman. Marriage in the United States is considered one of the most sacred unions one can enter into formally. LGBT couples are not afforded that same luxury in most states.
Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, and Washington are the only states that recognize same sex marriages. California recognizes only those marriages conducted between May and November 2008. The state’s Supreme Court ruled in 2008 that laws prohibiting same-sex marriage violated the state constitution. That ruling was overturned later that year by Proposition 8, a ballot initiative that banned same-sex marriage. In February 2012, a federal appeals court ruled that Proposition 8 violated the U.
S. Constitution. But same-sex couples cannot get married in California until appeals, which may go to the U. S. Supreme Court, have been exhausted. (American Civil Liberties Union, 2012). Studies conducted in several countries indicate that better-educated people are more likely to support the legalization of same-sex marriage than the less-educated, and younger people are more likely to support it than older generations. Additionally, polls indicate that people who personally know a gay person are more likely to support marriage than those who do not.
The American Anthropological Association (2012) has been quoted as saying: “The results of more than a century of anthropological research on households, kinship relationships, and families, across cultures and through time, provide no support whatsoever for the view that either civilization or viable social orders depend upon marriage as an exclusively heterosexual institution. Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, can contribute to stable and humane societies. LGBT couples often move to states that are more open to gay and lesbian marriages. They move to states that are not as discriminatory towards their lifestyle choices and they can live in peace with their spouse. The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is a federal law that denies federal recognition of same-sex marriages and authorizes states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages licensed in other states. DOMA was passed out of the fear that a lawsuit in Hawaii would force that state to recognize same-sex marriages. Under the U. S.
Constitution’s Full Faith and Credit Clause (Article IV, Section 1), states are expected to recognize the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. Therefore, Congress was alarmed at the prospect of a gay or lesbian couple being married in Hawaii and then going to another state and expecting that state to recognize them as legally married. In addition, Congress did not want to grant same-sex couples the same federal benefits that are given to heterosexual couples who are legally married. (Clifford, 2012).
In states that do not allow marriage of LGBT couples, they are unable to draw Social Security benefits on a partner’s pension plan. Older LGBT couples are at a high risk of economic devastation due to an absence of Medicare benefits afforded to legalized partners. In some states, including those allowing same sex marriage employees offer benefits to domestic partners as well. (Rimmerman, 2000). Employers should strive to maintain equality in the burden of proof required from eligible beneficiaries of employer benefits for both enrollment and audit purposes.
Documentation should not be required of partners if it is not required of spouses. Employers particularly concerned about fraud should consider documentation requirements holistically. The California Insurance Equality Act of 2004 requires that health insurance plans in that state treat spouses and domestic partners equally, not only mandating that employers providing spousal benefits must also provide partner benefits, but also precluding employers from asking for documentation for state-registered partners if not also asking for documentation for different-sex spouses. (AAA. 2012).
LGBT couples face obstacles when obtaining healthcare for them or their spouses/partners. They often face financial, personal, and cultural barriers when attempting to access health care. This is another vicinity where the Defense of Marriage Act creates an obstacle for LGBT couples. The states that do not recognize domestic partnerships or same sex marriages do not provide employer-provided benefits to partners, therefore some couples are unable to receive health care. They must obtain health insurance elsewhere, often from the individual insurance market, which can be quite costly and put a burden on the couples financially.
Transgendered individuals face an even greater obstacle when it comes to obtaining health care or insurance. (Makadon, 2007). It is difficult for them to qualify for health insurance benefits that will fully meet their unique health care needs. Most private and public insurance plans do not cover the cost associated with transitioning from one gender to another. This is quite costly due to the fact there is much work to do before the actual transitioning can take place. They must do psychiatric counseling and evaluations before they begin taking hormones or before they proceed with surgery. Sember, 2006). There is also discrimination at religious-based hospitals and clinics. In some of these places, they will refuse to treat LBGT individuals due to their religious beliefs, instead of medical necessity. Some hospitals go as far as not allowing domestic partners visitation and are left out of important medical decisions regarding their partner. (Clifford, 2012). Conclusion In summation, one can deduce the lifestyle choice of LGBT individuals is not an easy one. They face bullying, ridicule, and discrimination on a national level as well as a personal level.
It is a constant battle to gain the freedom and rights that non-LGBT individuals get to enjoy. The United States still has a long way to go when it comes to LGBT rights; however, allowing marriages and domestic partnerships is just a first step toward a greater global recognition that LGBT rights really are core human rights. Secretary Hilary Clinton has stated: “I speak about this subject knowing that my own country’s record on human rights for gay people is far from perfect. Until 2003, it was still a crime in parts of our country.
Many LGBT Americans have endured violence and harassment in their own lives, and for some, including many young people, bullying and exclusion are daily experiences. So we, like all nations, have more work to do to protect human rights at home. ” (ACLU, 2012) It is the hope of many people that the Obama administration’s respect and leadership on human rights issues abroad indicates that the administration will fulfill promises made to bring human rights home. LGBT people are frequently discriminated against in hiring, firing, promotion and compensation decisions.
Unjust discrimination against gay and effeminate men as well as lesbians and masculine women is common in the workplace. It is hard to prove discrimination in most cases, but most discrimination stems from people’s ignorance about LGBT individuals and couples. (ACLU, 2012). Most have a fear if they are seen conversing with gays and lesbians, they themselves will be assumed to be gay or lesbian as well. Youths in school face severe bullying for being who they are. While trying to deal with all the challenges of being a teenager, LGBT teens additionally have to deal with harassment, threats, and violence directed at them on a daily basis.
They hear anti-gay slurs such as “homo”, “faggot” and “sissy” about 26 times a day or once every 14 minutes. Even more troubling, a study found that thirty-one percent of gay youth had been threatened or injured at school in the last year alone. (AAP, 2012). December 10 is International Human Rights Day. Perhaps spreading the word and educating people about the lifestyles of LGBT people will help people to understand they are human and have needs just like everyone else. Maybe then will people be more open and understanding and the violence, harassment, prejudice, and discrimination will drastically drop.
Quality Analysis – World Vision custom essay help: custom essay help
Since 1950, World Vision has served close to 100 million people in nearly 100 countries around the world. “World Vision provides emergency relief and long-term community development programs, including local leadership training” (2011 Audited Financial Statement). Refugees, earth quake and hurricane survivors, abandoned and exploited children, survivors of famine and civil war, families and children affected by AIDS are all served by the non-profit organization (“Who we are”).
With a staff of more than 40,000, employees are mostly based in their home countries or regions. The organization believes this allows for a “deeply personal understanding of how best to assist local children and families. ” Employees come from very diverse backgrounds including: hydrology, micro-enterprise development, and public health, to name a few (“Who we are”). World Vision’s organizational mission and values are interwoven into the company culture. Employees have a clear understanding of the purpose of the organization and their role within the rganization. According to the World Vision website, the organizational mission is: World Vision is an international partnership of Christians whose mission is to follow our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in working with the poor and oppressed to promote human transformation, seek justice, and bear witness to the good news of the Kingdom of God (“Who we are”). According to the World Vision website, the organizational vision is: Our vision for every child, life in all its fullness; Our prayer for every heart, the will to make it so (“Who we are”).
World Vision takes financial responsibility very seriously, and is ranked extremely high among websites that rate non-profits for efficiency including: Charity Navigator, Guide Star, and Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA). According to Charity Navigator, World Vision ranks among the most efficient non-profits: Table 1- Organizational Efficiency Program Expenses| 88. 3%| | | Administrative Expenses| 4. 0%| | | Fundraising Expenses| 7. 5%| | | Fundraising Efficiency| $0. 07| | | | | | | Figure 1- Organizational Efficiency
According to World Vision’s 2006 Consolidated Financial Statements, around 40% of their revenue comes from private sources, including individuals, World Vision clubs in schools, corporations and foundations; 27% comes from governments and multilateral aid agencies such as USAID and the Department for International Development (DFID) in the UK; 30% comes from other World Vision programs and nonprofit organizations as Gift in Kind. Aside from cash contributions, World Vision accepts gifts in kind, typically food commodities, medicine, and clothing donated through corporations and government agencies.
Approximately half of World Vision’s programs are funded through child sponsorship. Individuals, families, churches, schools, and other groups sponsor specific children or specific community projects in their own country or abroad. Sponsors send funds each month to provide support for the sponsored children or projects. World Vision is a religious organization that competes with other non-profit companies in the health care and social assistance sectors.
World Vision competes with organizations that advocate for human rights, assist with poverty issues, feed the hungry, promote self-sufficiency, work with impoverished children, and focus on issues related to women and children. Competitors of World Vision include: Children International, Food for the Hungry, Habitat for Humanity, Action Against Hunger, Christian Relief Services, Lutheran World Relief, Catholic Charities, Red Cross, Action Against Hunger, Care, City Harvest, Feed the Children, Salvation Army, just to name a few.
Because World Vision is a non-profit organization, it is a bit difficult to measure the overall market share. However, it is safe to say that World Vision holds quite the non-profit market share with total support and revenue reaching $1,040,546 in 2011 (2011 Audited Financial Statement). The company is also listed in the Forbes. com Special Report: The 200 Largest U. S. Charities (Barrett, 2012). Section II- Evaluating Financial Statements World Vision could benefit from analyzing financial statements, financial ratios, and industry averages.
By using a variety of methods to evaluate finances including horizontal and vertical analysis, World Vision would have a broader financial view. By also assessing liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, and profitability ratios, World Vision could gain additional insight into how the organization compares with competitors (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012). Horizontal analysis will allow World Vision to “express a line item as a percentage of some prior amount”; therefore, allowing the comparison of previous year’s financial statements (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012, pg. 670).
Looking at past financial statements to compare to current financial statements allows organizations to see an overall picture of how the company is expanding and increasing profits, or what may be keeping the company from expanding and increasing profits. By focusing on vertical analysis, World Vision can directly link relationships in the company’s financial statement. For instance, by basing the assessment on net sales (or in this case–donations, government funding, and gifts in kind), the non-profit can find relationship percentages compared with that particular year’s net donations.
Vertical analysis can determine if the cost of goods (services) has increased and if operating expenses have increased. This can then be analyzed to see how this may be related/linked to net donations. With a company as global and massive as World Vision, it is important (yet complicated) to assess factors such as operating expenses, program expenses, administrative expenses, and fundraising expenses. For a non-profit, it is important for these expenses to be efficiently tracked as this affects the organizational rating with reputable websites like Charity Navigator and Charity Watch.
Liquidity ratios are extremely important to an organization like World Vision, whose operation relies, at times, on government funding. Government funding monies may come in intermittently and the organization may have to rely on other sources of income, which may include funding from creditors. The current ratio, the measure of a company’s ability to pay short-term liabilities, is crucial to World Vision’s immediate operations. The general rule of thumb is that a ratio of 2. 0 is needed for a company to be considered in a good position to pay off debt (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012).
When assessing the current ratio, it should be considered that a declining ratio is not necessarily bad as it could signal an excessive investment in current resources. Leverage ratios are also vital in determining the company’s financial health, as World Vision most likely uses credit for funding certain projects. The long term goals of the company are often evaluated, and times-interest-earned ratio can help determine the company’s ability to pay back debt. Also, the debt ratio measures the “percentage of assets financed by creditors and the riskiness of the company” (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012, pg. 82). Finally, profitability ratios are useful when determining if invested funds are being used efficiently (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012). World Vision should pay particular attention to return on sales (return on investment), as this is important for both internal and external stakeholders. As a non-profit, World Vision is carefully scrutinized when it comes to the way donation money is handled and spent. By using the evaluation techniques discussed above, World Vision may experience both positive and negative ramifications. First of all, it is very important hat the ratios and horizontal analysis is computed correctly, otherwise, useful conclusions cannot be drawn. Also, companies in the past have been known to modify ratios to increase stock price. This can have dire consequences, as Enron so notoriously proved. If the analyses are done correctly, positive conclusions can be drawn that will allow the company to assess growth, plan future goals, and decide where changes need to be made to increase overall efficiency. Overall it is clear that World Vision is performing well based on the ratios listed in Table 2 (World Vision, 2012).
By looking at factors like current ratio, World Vision is in a good position to pay off debt with a rating of 1. 54. Also, World Vision’s return on fund raising (FR) efforts and contributions reliance is excellent. Table 2- World Vision Financial Ratios Section III- Standard Cost According to Mowen, Hansen & Heitger (2012, pg. 409), “standard costs are developed for direct materials, direct labor and overhead. ” Standard cost sheets are developed to calculate overall standard unit cost, which includes all associated costs. Standard costs are used as target costs (or basis for comparison with the actual costs), and are developed from historical data analysis or from time and motion studies. They almost always vary from actual costs, because every situation has its share of unpredictable factors also called normal cost” (Standard Cost). For World Vision, this may include: cost of food supplies, cost of shipping food supplies, labor associated with packaging food, labor associated with delivering food, administration, overhead, fundraising, marketing, etc.
Standard cost for World Vision is not quite as straight forward as it might be for a manufacturing company. There are additional variables, and associated costs, linked with a global service organization like World Vision. “An important part of standard cost accounting is a variance analysis, which breaks down the variation between actual cost and standard costs into various components (volume variation, material cost variation, labor cost variation, etc. ) so managers can understand why costs were different from what was planned and take appropriate action to correct the situation” (Product Costing, 2012).
Unfavorable variances take place when the actual prices of the services/products are greater than standard prices. Favorable variances take place when the reverse happens (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012). With that said, it should be noted that favorable variances do not always equal ‘positive’ outcomes. To establish the cause of variance, managers must examine the cause of the outcome. When companies focus on trends over time, World Vision can make a determination of areas that may need closer investigation. Investigating the cause of variances and taking corrective action, like all activities, have a cost associated with them” (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012, pg. 413). If World Vision management notices a variance in the cost of services, a determination should be made on whether or not it is likely that this variance will reoccur. World Vision should, most likely, take the stance of only investigating variances that are large enough to fall outside a suitable range. By establishing control limits on cost of services at World Vision, management would be able to determine if a cost falls outside the acceptable range.
Organizations should focus investigations on obvious cost variance, as this will help avoid financial waste associated with investigation. According to Advantages and Disadvantages of Standard Costing and Variance Analysis found on the website- www. accountingformanagement. com (2012), the limitations to standard costing include: * It cannot be used in those organizations where non-standard products are produced. If the production is undertaken according to the customer specifications, then each job will involve different amount of expenditures. The process of setting standard is a difficult task, as it requires technical skills. The time and motion study is required to be undertaken for this purpose. These studies require a lot of time and money. * There are no inset circumstances to be considered for fixing standards. The conditions under which standards are fixed do not remain static. With the change in circumstances, if the standards are not revised the same become impracticable. * The fixing of responsibility is not an easy task. The variances are to be classified into controllable and uncontrollable variances.
Standard costing is applicable only for controllable variances. For World Vision, standard costing is not an appropriate financial assessment measure, as the services provided are non-standard, the services do not remain static, and variances are not controllable. Section IV- Future Financial Analysis According to Mowen, Hansen & Heitger (2012), poor planning or budgeting can result in a firm not having sufficient cash to meet liabilities as they come due. Budgeting is a process where future revenues and costs are estimated.
By taking into account labor, materials, manufacturing overhead, and selling and administrative expenses companies have the ability to monitor an annual budget. Companies can make more informed financial decisions by following projected financial statements. The process of planning allows a company to look towards the future to see what actions should be taken to meet potential goals. By planning for the future, management can develop a direction for the organization, predict future problems, and develop future policies (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012).
Net present value, also known as NPV, can measure the profitability of an investment and shows the variation between the current value of the cash inflows and outflows associated with the project (Mowen, Hansen & Heitger, 2012). When the NPV is positive, this shows the organization that the project will increase the company’s wealth. The NPV is an important indicator of whether or not a company should move forward with a project or investment. According to Mowen, Hansen & Heitger (2012): * If the NPV is greater than zero, the investment is profitable and, therefore, acceptable.
A positive NPV signals that (1) the initial investment has been recovered, (2) the required rate of return has been recovered, and (3) a return in excess of (1) and (2) has been received. * If the NPV equals zero, the decision maker will find acceptance or rejection of the investment equal. * If the NPV is less than zero, the investment should be rejected. In this case, it is earning less than the required rate of return. According to the website, World Vision has encompassed the organizations future goals into what they call–The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
These goals range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV and AIDS and providing universal primary education. The target date of these goals is 2015, and World Vision has “galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest” (Eight ways to change the world). These eight goals include: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality & the empowerment of women 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Reduce maternal mortality 6. Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7.
Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for development When evaluating these goals, World Vision should consider the NPV of specific projects related to these goals. By using several capital budgeting techniques, World Vision can decide whether a project/investment should be considered. Utilizing the payback rule, profitability index, IRR and NPV, World Vision is able to determine the best financial decisions for the company. By determining how long it will take to recover the cost of investment for the firm, World Vision can use the payback rule.
In using the investment rule, the company looks at a certain number of time periods to determine a cutoff for whether to invest in a project. The net present value is defined as the sum of the present values (PVs) of the individual cash flows of the same entity. The internal rate of return on an investment or project is the “annualized effective compounded return rate” or “rate of return” that makes the net present value (NPV as NET*1/(1+IRR)^year) of all cash flows (both positive and negative) from a particular investment equal to zero (Mowen, Hansen, & Heitger, 2012). Section III- Summary and Recommendations
Napoleon Hill, a distinguished author, once said that “ideas are the beginning point of all fortunes. ” For Bob Pierce, the founder of World Vision, it was the humbling experience of meeting a battered and abandoned child that sparked the idea for World Vision. Fifty years later, World Vision continues to lead the way in humanitarian efforts across the globe. Organizational efficiency allows World Vision to adapt to the changing world. More and more leaders, government agencies, and private organizations partner with World Vision in an attempt to better the world one child at a time, across communities in need.
The magnitude of World Vision’s reach is tremendous, and because of the monumental respect and trust of many organizations towards World Vision, the need to refine and maintain quality practices is vital. Over the last several years, World Vision has implemented programs around the world focusing on children and the communities in which they live. World Vision has called upon global leaders to treat the problems of childhood disease, hunger, and poverty as a priority. As they look to the future, I recommend that World Vision continue looking for ways to reach out to children of the world and render assistance and support.
Entrepreneurship Climate Analysis personal essay help: personal essay help
Dr. William Woods OMM614 Entrepreneurship Climate Analysis a. How well do new ideas arise and to what extent are they considered and implemented? New ideas or processes are being introduced daily at Mercy Medical Center. Health Care is an ever-changing field of study. In every department we are encouraged to share our ideas of how to improve our processes and help improve they way we do things so we can be accurate in collecting the data needed to ensure safety for our patients and financial recoupment for the organization. . What is the organizations overall attitude toward innovation and change? At Mercy change and innovation are welcomed. In order to best serve our community we need to be up to date on technology to be able to provide the best care possible for those we serve. With new technology come new processes and the way we do things. Because of this we have Lean teams who research the process flows we use in each department to ensure proper care is given to each patient. c.
Based on your findings, what recommendations would you make to your organizations leadership to increase an environment of creativity and innovation? I feel Mercy is already creating an environment of creativity and innovation. I would recommend more involvement from the employee to be invited to work with the Lean team to help create the process improvement. Currently once an idea is shared is it is then given to the lean team to work with it to see if it can be incorporated into the process or if the process needs to be completely reworked. d.
Finally, cite and explain at least on real example that supports your analysis. On November 17, 2008, Mercy preformed its first patient scan with its new Toshiba Aquillion 64-slice CT scanner. This scanner allows for a patient with possible internal injuries to be scanned faster than the conventional scanner, so physicians can quickly identify the injuries. It also allows for critical patients to be scanned even if they are unable to hold their breath [ (Dunn, 2009) ].
Dunn, J. (2009, March 23).
Trinity-Mercy Medical Center.
Retrieved December 10, 2009, from www. mercyclinton. com
The Negative Effects of Teen Pregnancy devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help
The father still has to do the same, just not as much work. The mother will always be in the child’s life, but most teenage fathers will not be in there child’s life. Teen pregnancy is a major social and public health problem in the U. S. Teens have the highest pregnancy rate in the industrial world; 82 percent of the pregnancies were unplanned. Teenagers become pregnant at twice the rate of teens in other industrial countries, including England, Canada, and Wales. The Guttmacher Institute reports that 750,000 teenagers 15 to 19 become pregnant each year.
Teen pregnancies are tied to poverty, academic failure, child abuse and neglect crime and other social health related problems (Spencer 1). Most of the teen pregnancies focus is on the mother but fathers are also affected. Amy Williams executive director of the Teenage Pregnancy and parenting project says in a 2005 Time magazine article that “Teen fathers frequently feel they have to get a job and drop out of school and get a job. ” Teen fathers earn less over time than men who have children at an older age. Teen fathers earn 10 to 15 percent less annually than male teens that wait to have children.
Besides earning less than men who wait to father children, teen fathers are required to pay child support until the child is 18. According to the report “Adolescent Pregnancy and Childbearing in California” only one in five teen mothers receives child support (Runzel 1). Babies born to teen mothers are at increased risk for low birth weight; these health problems are not associated with babies of older mothers. Pregnant teens are also less likely than older women to seek adequate prenatal care, which put the health of there babies in jeopardy (Fisher 1).
Pregnant teens have to face the fear and confusion that comes with an unplanned pregnancy at a young age and may bear the burden of raising a child without the support of family or the child’s father (1). While many teen mothers and fathers choose to raise their own children, with or without the help of their own parents, some choose another route. Noticing the difficulties in raising children when they are still children themselves, some teen parents choose to put their children up for adoption.
Often this allows the children to live with a family that is more financially capable of providing for the child and more stable over all. As a teen giving their children up will be difficult on both the mother and the father (Meyers 2). There are numerous negative aspects on teen pregnancy. It is important to know that it is the motherhood aspect that is difficult for teens as opposed to the actual pregnancy. Age is only one consideration when a pregnancy occurs. From a health perspective, there are many positive things about teen pregnancy (Roberts1).
As long as a pregnant woman has regular quality prenatal care, her age is rarely an issue in terms of pregnancy. Females older than 15 face the same risks during pregnancy as women in their 20s and 30s. Some additional risk for girls younger than 15 are often related to poor health care. Females in developing countries, especially those with high populations, often become pregnant in their teens with little or no societal repercussions (1). Teen girls may not be prepared for the physical toll that pregnancy causes on one’s body.
As the baby develops and the uterus expands, a girl’s hormones will begin to change and display havoc with their moods, which could be very difficult for a young woman already in emotional turmoil. She will also need to change her lifestyle to get more sleep and may not be able to practice in sports or other extracurricular activities because of her changing body. She might need to change her diet to include the nutrients and vitamins she was not getting previously (Shoop 1). Teenage mothers are more likely to have a low-birth weight baby. The baby may be premature, which may involve other health risks and complications.
As the infant grows, he or she may be fussy or extremely active. Teenage mothers don’t always have the resources and supports needed for baby-sitters or doctor bills. Teenagers also aren’t emotionally mature enough to successfully manage the stress of parenting. They do not have many life experiences to fall back on when trying to teach their own children. People expect teen moms to do it all, yet often aren’t able or willing to help out or offer a hand (Erchuel 1) Because many teen moms do not complete their high school education, the jobs they qualify for likely pay minimum wage.
In many cases these moms are financially independent, and minimum wage doesn’t cover much after the child care bill is paid. Even for the moms who get some financial support from family or the baby’s father, money is often tight. This frequently prevents teen moms from going to college and furthering their education. They cannot afford school, day care and basic living expenses (Erchuel 1). Graduation rate for pregnant teenagers is rather low. Pregnancy often requires so much of a young girl that she finds she can’t physically or emotionally handle attending school and preparing to give birth or take care of her baby.
Many girls also leave school because of embarrassment, and only a few of these girls finish their education later or go on to higher education. As a result, pregnant teens have less of a chance of being financially stable and giving their children a safe, stable environment (Shoop 1). Clearly, there’s a more negative effect on teen mothers than there is on the teen father, but obviously there’s negative effects for the both of them. Teen pregnancy is a process most teens go through to grow up, planned or unplanned no teen should
Research Paper on Work Life Balance global history essay help: global history essay help
Through this research, an attempt is also been made to make out the different personal motives and its main concern among the different demographic groups which could help us in designing the Work-Life Balance policies for employees in Indian Hospitality Industries. The Human Resource Management function has to constantly plan and carry out such policies which enable their employees to balance their personal and professional life. Furthermore, the increasing number of Dual Income Single Kid couples and members from nuclear families in the Indian Hospitality Industry has made Work-Life Balance practices necessary.
According to (Torrington 2008), the quick increase in number of women within the workforce who are willing to combine both family and work responsibilities together, thus it is for these employees within the diverse workforce for whom the work life balance programs play a crucial role in enhancement of any employee’s overall performance within the hospitality companies. Whatever is provided in the name of Work-Life Balance may not meet the requirements of the employees in the hospitality industry with different demographic backgrounds.
Through this study, an attempt has been made to recognize different personal motive and its priority with respect to Work-Life Balance amongst employees belonging to different demographic profiles. This would guide to development and improvement of the overall presentation of the employees within the organization. LITERATURE REVIEW It has been seen that over the years the trends as well as the requirements of the hospitality sector are also changing at a fast speed.
This change in the work place forces the hospitality industries to make an effort and know what measures they should adopted in order to understand the different personality of different people who are working together in the same organization for the same objective. (Hebs 2002) defined Work-Life Balance as “Working practices that acknowledge and aim to support the needs of staff in achieving a balance between their homes and working lives. ” Another author (Sara 2008) stated that knowledge of the Work-Life Balance issues and options are consistently stretched amongst professionals.
With shortage of professionals and economy, the pressures on the existing employees look set to rise and therefore this is an area which needs to be revisited with a view of adopting best practices throughout the sector. (Fiona 2007) explains that “flexible practices are good for Work-Life Balance and managers are better in terms of maintaining a good Work-Life Balance than workers, and that the development of an appropriate Work-Life Balance policy assists in ensuring company loyalty and positive attitudes to work. (Liz 2004) explored the main barriers to women’s development and highlights the long working hours associated to managerial roles as a major problem. According to (Doherty, 2001), “often work in the hospitality industry is a way of life, with people working at all times of the day and night. Whilst this is a challenge for work-life balance, it also offers opportunities for all kinds of creative work patterns. With just a little will and imagination these can be designed to meet the needs of employees as well as of the business. Doherty explains that long working hours under stressful conditions is the daily routine in Indian Hospitality Industry. However this situation has risen confront and stressed on the need for the progress of work life balance for the hospitality industry. Another author (Hudson 2005) argued that the want and reason for work life varies from person to person. A small of people want a balance between work and responsibilities of children, while others may want time for themselves so that they can relax themselves after doing a lot of hard work for so much long time.
In the recent Indian scenario as experienced by hospitality employees, the ageing employee population also expressed a need for work-life balance, so as to maintain their financial needs and become independent. These employees belong to generation X who gives preference to the balance between work and family lives. (Patton, 2009). However the new generation or in other words generation Y considers and values job security, job commitment and job satisfaction as valuable variables of a job. Generation Y also expresses a sheer need for work life balance in order to deal with internal and external work pressures.
It has also been noticed that the thinking patterns and behavioral approaches of generation Y are more complex and diverse as compared to the employees of generation X. Another author (Jeff and Juliette 2007), proposed that employees do influence work-life balance issues in the financial service sector and that work-life balance initiatives had greater approach and quality where independent unions were recognized. In all cases, however, the amount of departure from minimal constitutional levels of condition was not great. Jennifer and Susan 2010) in their study found that part-time managers of the sample chosen in the study held varied careers while working full-time, but careers stalled once a transition to part-time work was made. The majorities were career-focused, worked intensively and felt frustrated with their lack of mobility and career progression while working part-time. RESEARCH DESIGN “Research design is a general plan of how we will go answering the research-question. ” It would contain clear objectives, derived from my research questions. (Saunders 2003).
After reviewing the literature on hospitality and the challenges that the employees face when they balance their time between work and personal life. The hospitality service sector has to change itself and struggle to attract, develop, hold and organize the services of skilled employee and trained them so that they can balance work and life easily. (Roche & Brannick 2007), found that the research process provides a organized and intended approach to a research project and ensures all aspects of the project are reliable with one another. (Smith et. al. 002) argues on research design saying that it is basically organizing of research activity and including the collection of data which helps in achieving the research aims. (Saunders 2003) understood this research proposal and used it in the ‘onions’ model which describes the various research strategies and the research approach that helps in achieving the aim of the research. Data Collection: (Saunders et al. , 2007) explains that in order to answer the research questions the most vital step is data collection. He further explains data can be collected in two ways: Primary and secondary data collection.
Primary data may be defined as: “The data gathered for research from the genuine site of incident of events is called primary data. ” (Sekaran, U. , 2000), whereas Secondary Data may be defined as “The studies made by others for their own purposes represent secondary data. ” (Schindler, P. A and Cooper, D. , 2003). To answer this research question secondary data and primary data will be used. Gathering primary data will help us know the factors that actually will help introducing work life balance in employees from both the manager and the employees’ perspective.
Collecting secondary data which has been gathered with the purpose of literature review will help to have detailed information about the research topic. This will help to substantiate the primary research being carried out. (Saunders et al. , 2007) explain that different researchers have generated a variety of classifications for secondary data. Reliability: “Reliability is primarily a matter of stability: if an instrument is administered to the same individual on two different occasions the question is, will it yield the same result? ” (Smith et. al. 002) For example, it can help to measure a mannerism then every time the test is administered to a subject matter, the results should be more or less the same. But it is impossible to calculate reliability accurately, but it can be anticipated in a number of diverse ways. The sources used for the research proposal are books and articles which are measured to be reliable sources. I might generate different results if the questionnaires are completed in varying span of time. So for getting the questionnaires filled by the employees a time will be chosen when the employees may not be busy with their work.
These approaches will be used at the time of the scheming of the questionnaire. (Saunders et al. , 2007) Validity: “Validity is a question of how far we can be sure that a test or instrument measures the attribute that is supposed to measure. ” (Smith et. al. 2002). Initially we would ask an expert or group of experts to comment on the representativeness and suitability of the questions. As well as allowing suggestions to be made on the structure of the questionnaire, this will help in developing content validity and allow us to make essential measures prior to pilot testing with a group as similar as possible to the final demographic sample.
Foundations of Planning in Management write my essay help: write my essay help
Planning Process Step 1-Setting Objectives • Setting objectives: Addresses issue of what one hopes to achieve. • May be set in performance area, i. e. personnel to be trained/recruited etc. • Actions – means or specific activities planned to achieve objectives. • Resources -constraints on course of action -constraints e. g. total cost to be incurred in development of some products. are also important elements of planning process. process Step 2- Identifying & Assessing Conditions Affecting Objectives • Recognize important variables that influence objectivesobjectives– Purchasing power of customers – Actions of competitors – Enemy move etc.
Step 3- Developing A Systematic approach 3To Achieve Objectives • Addresses issues like, • responsibilities for achievement • & includes answers to questions like, – Who will do what? – & how? – on what schedule? – with what results? Do we Need Additional Steps? 4. Implementing Plan (organizing & leading) 5. Monitoring plans Implementation (controlling) 6. Evaluating plans Effectiveness (controlling) (controlling Can there be Barriers To Goal Setting & Planning? • Inappropriate Goals • Improper rewards system • Dynamic & complex environment • Major Barriers • Reluctance to establish goals • Resistance to change • Constraints
Tends to falter without strong, continual commitment from top management Necessitates considerable training or managers Can be misused as a punitive device May cause overemphasis of quantitative goals 2. 1. 3. 3. 4. 4. Strategic – Management Includes Strategic planning, implementation, & control. Strategic- Planning • It involves decisions made by top management. • Involves ultimate allocation of large amounts of resources such as money, labor, or physical capacity. • Has significant long term impact. • Focuses on orgs’ interaction with external environment.
Strategic Planning • Strategic planning includes those activities that involves defining an org”s mission, setting its objectives, & developing strategies to enable it to operate successfully in its environment. Strategic Planning Strategic Planning Making decisions about the long-term goals and strategies of an organization Strategic Goals Major targets or end results that relate to the longterm survival, value, and growth of the organization Strategy A pattern of actions and resource allocations designed to achieve the goals of the organization The Budgeting Process Management objectives for the organizations.
Sales budget • Forecast of quantities sold • Forecast of dollar income Other income • Interest income • Miscellaneous income Production budget •Units to be produced •Cost of materials •Direct labor costs •Factory overhead Less Marketing Budget •Promotion costs •Selling expenses by territories Administrative expense budget •For each operating department Results in Miscellaneous expense budget •Interest on loans •Other Financial budget • Budgeted balance sheet • Supporting budgets Potential Obstacles to Planning Several Potential obstacles threaten – ability of org to develop effective plans.
One barrier is a rapidly changing environment,- makes planning more difficult because plans must be altered frequently. View among some managers that planning is unnecessary. Org can take several steps to reduce obstacles to planning. One step is conveying strong top mgt support for planning process. Planning staff A small group of individuals who assist top level managers in developing the various components of planning process. Contingency planning is development of alternative plans for use in the event that environmental condition evolve differently than anticipated, rendering original plans unwise or unfeasible.
Basic Concepts of Sociology need essay help: need essay help
Society The term society is most fundamental to sociology. It is derived from the Latin word socius which means companionship or friendship. Companionship means sociability. According to George Simmel it is this element of sociability which defines the true essence of society. It indicates that man always lives in the company of other people. Man is a social animal said Aristotle centuries ago. Man needs society for his living, working and enjoying life. Society h as become an essential condition for human life to continue.
We can define society as a group of people who share a common culture, occupy a particular territorial area and feel themselves to constitute a unified and distinct entity. It is the mutual inter actions and interrelations of individuals and groups. Definitions of Society 1. August Comte the father of sociology- saw society as a social organism possessing a harmony of structure and function. 2. Emile Durkheim the founding father of the modern sociology- treated society as a reality in its own right. 3.
Talcott Parsons- Society is a total complex of human relationships in so far as they grow out of the action in terms of means-end relationship intrinsic or symbolic. 4. G. H Mead – an exchange of gestures which involves the use of symbols. 5. Morris Ginsberg – a collection of individuals united by certain relations or mode of behavior which mark them off from others who do not enter into these relations or who differ from them in behavior. 6. Cole – the complex of organized associations and institutions with a community. 7.
Maclver and Page- society is a system of usages and procedures of authority and mutual aid of many groupings and divisions, of controls of human behavior and liberties. This ever changing complex system which is called society is a web of social relationship Types of Societies Writers have classified societies into various categories Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft of Tonnies, mechanical and organic solidarities of Durkheim, status and contract of Maine, and militant and industrial societies of Spencer. All these thinkers have broadly divided society into pre-industrial and post-industrial societies.
Sociologists like Comte based their classification of societies on intellectual development. Most of them concede the evolutionary nature of society- one type leading to the other. One more way of dividing societies is that of Marx. His class ification of society is based on the institutional framework of society as determined by a group of people who control the means of production. Marx distinguishes five principal types of societies: primitive, Asiatic, ancient, feudal and capitalist. Following these classifications, sociologists often refer to societies as primitive or modern nonliterate or literate.
A more recent kind of classification which is also used while distinguishing societies into types is the one between open and closed societies. A closed society is the one which is a traditional and simple society or a totalitarian State tends to resist change, while an open society admits change. None of these classifications is accurate; for every major type have number of sub-types. Family The family forms the basic unit of soc ial organization and it is difficult to imagine how human society could function without it. The family has been seen as a universal social institution an inevitable part of human society.
Company Investigation Guinness scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
And an interview with a publican was also conducted with the barman from Sally Longs. Aims The aim of this report will be to gain an insight into the world of alcohol advertising and to see how this works in Ireland and also how this has changed over the years. It will explain the history of alcohol advertising in Ireland and try to figure out how it could change in the future. Hopefully through using a survey we can find out what other people think about this subject. Included in the report will be a case study on Guinness drinks company to see how they have advertised their product over the years.
Also an interview will be done with a publican to try and see things from a different point of view. Further research will be carried out using the internet. [pic] [pic] Introduction Alcohol use in Ireland is a much debated and analysed subject. Every year there are numerous murders, hit and runs and violence blamed on alcohol. We can not open our daily newspaper without being confronted with another story on this subject. Some people even go as far as to stereotype Ireland as a nation of Guinness Guzzling Lunatics who like to get into a good row. How has advertising played a part in all this.
Hopefully through reading this report, things will become a bit clearer. Alcohol Advertising Today Alcohol advertising is the promotion of alcohol by producers through a variety of media. Along with tobacco advertising, it is one of the most regulated forms of marketing. Some or all forms of alcohol advertising is banned in some countries. Let’s take a look on how it works is in Ireland today. The intended audience of the alcohol companies have changed over the years, with some brands being specifically targeted towards a particular group or groups.
Some drinks are seen as a male drink, Like beer and whiskies, while others are drunk by females. Some brands have allegedly been specifically developed to appeal to people that would not normally drink that kind of beverage. One area in which the alcohol industry have faced criticism is in their alleged targeting of young people. Central to this is the development of alco pops–brightly coloured drinks with names that may appeal to a younger audience. However, numerous government and other reports have failed to support that allegation.
Despite this the barman with whom I conducted an interview felt that young people do not drink too much and also that alcohol advertising does not affect their choice, he noted in his opinion advertising did not help him to sell more alchohol, although this could have been a biased opinion. He did note though that during his eighteen years in the pub business he has noticed a worrying increase in binge drinking among young people. In closing he added that drink companies are guilty of trying to glamorise alcohol consumption. There have been several disputes over whether alcohol advertisements are targeting teens.
There happens to be heavy amounts of alcohol advertising that appears to make drinking fun and exciting. Alcohol advertisements can be seen virtually anywhere, they are especially known for sponsoring sporting events, concerts, magazines, and they are found anywhere on the internet. Most of the vendors’ websites require an age of 21 to enter, but there is no restriction besides simply entering a birth date. With the catchy slogans, the idea that drinking is trendy, and no mention of the negative side of excessive use such advertising could be very harmful.
Whilst recently conducting an interview with the barman from Sally Longs pub in Galway he noted that in his opinion young people do not tend to drink too much although he has noticed a huge increase in the amount of people binge drinking, he also added that he felt that the big advertising campaigns had little or no effect on what drinks people chose. Whether young people are directly targeted by alcohol advertisers or not, they are exposed to alcohol advertising on television, in print media, and on radio.
In fact, 45% of the commercials that young people view each year are advertisements for alcohol. A first question to be answered through rigorous research, therefore, is whether alcohol advertising does have an impact on alcohol consumption amongst young people. [pic] Sport Although tobacco companies have been the main source of financial backing in Formula One, some alcohol brands have also been associated with the sport. For example, Budweiser appears on the Williams F1, Becks have been Jaguar’s sponsor and Johnnie Walker has sponsored McLaren since 2006.
Anheuser-Busch, being a conglomerate with non-alcoholic properties, complies with the French alcohol advertising ban in Formula One by placing their Busch Entertainment theme park logos where their Budweiser logo would appear on the Williams f1 car at races where alcohol advertising is banned and in Middle Eastern countries, where alcohol advertising is discouraged. Diageo are a major sponsor of many sporting events through their various brands. For example, Johnnie Walker sponsor tournaments along with the Team McLaren Formula One car.
In football too, alcohol advertising has been ever present. Carlsberg as mentioned were the main sponsors of Liverpool football club for years and they also are one of the main sponsors of the English FA. In Scotland too alcohol advertising is ever present, Carling were replaced as sponsors with yet another alcohol company Tennents. However not all countries are like this, in France laws are extremely strict and alcohol companies are prohibited from sponsoring kits and advertising on TV during games is also prohibited. http://www. absoluteastronomy. om/topics/Alcohol_advertising [pic] How it has changed. Alcohol advertising has changed hugely over the past number of years. Never has there been more legislation or restrictions on how companies can advertise their product to the public. A publican noted how he feels the advertising industry is almost unrecognisable now to what it was in the past number of years with the content of advertisements completely different to what he would have seen even a decade ago, despite this he thinks people will drink what they like to drink anyway.
Although this is true alcohol companies are still sponsoring some of our top sports teams and competitions along with advertising on TV and at major concerts and events albeit not to the same extent as they were maybe ten years ago. There have been many new laws and restrictions put in place to control the content put into advertising campaigns. More and more the public have been made aware of the negative aspects of alcohol usage most noticeably so with the road safety authority ads which have appeared on our TV screens over the past number of years.
Even with all this negative attention companies are still managing to get their products into the public eye, but how are they doing this which such success? Recently Dutch brewing giant Heineken which also owns the brands Strongbow and Amstel announced that it would “continue to spend on marketing and product innovation, identifying both as key factors of brand equity and overall success”. A success, which led to, a 205% increase in profits for the first half. Perhaps thanks to its cheeky vials that have surfaced on you tube, a ploy which companies are employing more and more to keep old and get new customers.
They do this as it is much cheaper and there are less restrictions on what content can be posted on this particular website. Although not all companies have been so fortunate with Carlsberg most notably losing their multi million pound sponsorship deal with Liverpool football club, along with Danish giants Copenhagen F. C but they have managed to extend their deal with the English F. A to be the official beer of the national team and the far cup for the next 19 years, which might make losing the other deals a bit easier to handle.
In closing, the face of alcohol advertising has and will continue to change hugely over the foreseeable future. Gone are the days when punters will part with their hard earned cash because “Guinness is good for you” now replaced with the soul intention of just getting wasted and enjoying themselves. Never has there been more completion between companies to get people to purchase their products with big firms spending obscene amounts of money annually on massive advertising campaigns.
One thing is for sure even though their content will be restricted much more than in the past alcohol advertising will still be around for a long time to come. Laws As mentioned earlier in the report there have been a number of new laws and acts to restrict what companies can put into their advertising campaigns. Along with alcohol tobacco advertising is also a highly regulated form of marketing. In some countries alcohol advertising has even been banned completely. Through scientific research health agencies have been able to show a link between alcohol advertising and alcohol consumption.
However it has not been proven that alcohol advertising causes higher levels of beer consumption. It is in the alcohol industries interest to demonstrate that effective campaigns only increase a producers market share and also brand loyalty. Monitoring Body On 15 December 2005 the Tanaiste and Minister for Health and Children, Mary Harney TD, launched the Alcohol Marketing Communications Monitoring Body. It will oversee the implementation of and adherence to voluntary codes of practice intended to limit the exposure of young people to alcoholic drink advertising via cinema, TV, radio or outdoor media.
The voluntary codes were drawn up by the Drinks Industry Group of Ireland, the Association of Advertisers in Ireland and representatives of the media in response to concerns raised by the Department of Health and Children. The codes cover both the content and the placement of alcohol advertisements. The Monitoring Body will comprise representatives of the Health Promotion Unit of the Department of Health and Children, the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland, the Drinks Industry Group of Ireland and the Advertising Standards Authority. pic] Research Recent Irish research and inquiries have not reached aggrement on how best to control alcohol advertising. There have been recommendations for revisions of the advertising codes and the establishment of effective monitoring, for self-regulation by means of a steering group including the drinks and advertising industries to establish an independent monitoring mechanism to ensure compliance with codes and regulations, for legislative controls, and for an outright ban on alcohol advertising. Recent Developements
At EU level, there is a similar lack of agreement on the most appropriate means of ensuring a reduction in the exposure of young people to alcohol advertising. (ref www. drugsandalcohol. ie) Some places where alcohol advertising can and has been banned are on buses, trains, billboards, supermarket trollies’, near schools and also at theme parks. Events such as festivals etc have also faced bans and restrictions on what they can advertise. On the tenth of June 2009 Irelands alcoholic drinks industry rejected calls for new laws to govern drinks advertising on TV.
This was in response to the National Youth Council of Ireland’s recommendation that a 9. 00pm watershed should be applied, and financial penalties for breaking of the rules should be laid down. It is now 2011 and this watershed has yet to be introduced. This is quiet worrying as this demonstrates that Ireland is still somewhat behind many of its European counterparts who have already introduced this type of watershed and even more extreme measures of prevention.
Although these particular proposals were not passed, on the 24th of April 2009 Minister for Health Promotion and Food Safety, Pat Gallagher passed a motion which would ensure that young people would not face as much exposure to alcohol advertising as in the past. A significant element of these new codes will be placing a limit of 25% on the volume of all alcohol advertising. In short this means that alcohol advertising will be limited to no more than 25% of available space at any time or occasion across all Irish Media.
Additional restrictions, have been placed on the times and places that alcohol advertisements can be scheduled. [pic] Case Study Guinness Drinks Co Guinness are probably of the most, if not the most famous and recognised brands of alcohol available today. You can purchase a pint of the black stuff in any of the 50 States of America, Nigeria, China and Japan. Who would have thought that in 1725 in the small town of Cellbridge Co Kildare that a boy would be born and grow up to be one of the most well known names in the brewing industry, Arthur Guinness.
It all started in 1725 when a young Arthur received an inheritance of ? 100 from Archbishop Price. Just three days later he set up a business as a brewer in Leixlip Co Kildare. From there his business grew and grew. In 1769 the first ever export shipment of Guinness leaves Dublin bound for England, this would prove to be the start of a legacy that would go on for hundreds of years and ensure Arthur Guinness would not be forgotten after his death in 1803. Following his passing his son Arthur Guinness II was put in charge of the company and it continued to go from strength to strength under his control.
He set out precise instructions for brewing Guinness, which to this day remain intact. Shipments of Guinness began to get sent to exotic places such as Barbados, Trinidad and Sierra Leone even as far as Asia for the first time in the 1860s, with the Guinness plant itself undergoing massive changes at this time, with the plant almost doubling in size as the business continued to grow rapidly. In the early 1900s, Guinness began to break into the American Market. The largest grocery firm in the world at that time, Seagal Cooper, began bottling Guinness for sale in the USA.
Things continued to go well until June1944 when due to the Second World War a ban was put in place on all exports lasting until July 1947. This was not a major problem however as business was soon as busy again. By 1985 Guinness was being sold in 120 countries and brewed in 25 with 4 million pints drank daily. But why has Guinness been so successful? In my opinion it is not the best tasting alcohol available not is it the cheapest, despite this Guinness is arguably the most well known brand available today, in my opinion Guinness as been so successful because of its ingenious advertising campaigns which have attributed to Guinness becoming a worldwide recognised brand such as McDonalds or Coca Cola. But what is it about the ads that makes them so successful? Advertising Guinness have always tried to put a somewhat amusing spin on things combining what is going on at any specific time with clever imagery and sometimes animation designed to grab potential customers attention, for examples of this we can look back to even the 40s when Guinness made many military themed adverts to coincide with world war 2.
Many people thought this was a very risky marketing ploy but for Guinness it paid off with great success which profit margins increasing hugely at this time. From old age pensioners to young kids nearly everybody is familiar with Guinness in one form or another, somewhat of an achievement in a society where alcohol is often frowned upon and advertising of which is much more restricted. Guinness’ advertising campaigns have helped to shape the company’s image and have a huge impact on its overall success in what is a hugely competitive market, the first ads began to appear in the 30s with the famous toucan mascot being introduced to the public. t was at this time also that famous but somewhat untrue slogans for the company started to gain media coverage such as “Guinness is good for you” and “Guinness gives you strength” neither of which i believe would be permitted today. Throughout the next 20-30 years the advertisements did not change hugely and saw Guinness stick with the tactic of grabbing the customers attention through humourous imagery and clever catchphrases aided of course by the famous mascots. The first TV ads came to light in the 50s with the animated toucan coming to life on screen.
More recently in what is a very pc era Guinness have not been able to use the toucan or their iconic slogans much but have still managed to keep and even improve market share. They have done this by completely reinventing their campaigns with multi-award winning success. Guinness spend millions on their campaigns annually to ensure their circulation and success in an industry where placement and timing is everything. Alcohol advertising survey Age bracket: 18-2424-3030-3535+ 1. Do you drink alcohol? YN 2. If so how often would u drink? RarelyOften Very Often 3. Does Alcohol advertising ever effect your choice?
A lotNeverOften 4. Do you think some alcohol companies can be found guilty of specifically aiming ads at younger people? YN 5. Do you think it would be a good idea to restrict alcohol advertising at sporting events? YN 6. Or on TV? YN 7. Do you feel like because of shows like jersey shore and for other obvious reasons that there is a lot of pressure put on people to start drinking younger when exposed to media of this type? YN 8. Can u give one example of an easily recognisable advertising campaign to promote alcohol? 9. Do you agree that alcohol usage can have negative impacts on a person’s health?
YN Statistical Analysis To get even more of an insight into how people feel about alcohol advertising, and the alcohol industry in general in Ireland I designed a survey using questions I felt would get me the information I needed to obtain such an insight. My main goals in doing this survey were to see how much opinion differs from person to person when it comes to this subject and also how many people actually drink alcohol. I found some of the results to be quite surprising, one in particular was the percentage of people who actually consume alcohol on a regular basis with 88% of people answering yes.
I found this to be surprising, considering that the majority of people taking part were aged under 20. I have discovered from the results of the survey that 60% of people do not think that alcohol advertising effects their choice but I believe that it could at a more subconscious level taking into account the level of advertisements we are exposed to on a daily basis. I also wanted to find out if people thought that companies do in fact aim adverts at younger people and was not surprised when 88% said yes. I think this is especially worrying as the public are aware of this but still very little is being done about it.
Most people said that they would like to see advertising more restricted on TV and at sporting events, they also thought that unnecessary pressure is put on people to drink younger due to the type of media that they are exposed to like Jersey Shore and shameless etc which both can be found guilty of glamorising drinking. Also causing it to become something that people can associate with success when watching shows of this type. People seem to be quite well aware of the negative impacts alcohol can have on our health though as 96% agreed that it is bad for your well being. Closing Statement
In closing I am not someone who thinks that alcohol is the cause of all the problems in society today and nor do I think that it or advertising for it should be banned as I am someone who would have an occasional drink myself. I do however feel that in doing this report I have become aware of some worrying problems associated with drinking, the thought that companies could be intentionally targeting me and other young people like me with their campaigns is quite scary considering that it is something that is highly addictive and can be detrimental to a persons ability to achieve success when it becomes a problem.
Organizational Behavior aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help: aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help
Action Case Study Chrysler’s culture before Mr. Machionne took over, as CEO was not the type of culture I would like to be associated with. It seemed that once sales were down for Chrysler the working environment was going down as well. To me it seemed like the workers and executives were following the path of there old CEO Peter Fong. By reading this case study you can tell that Peter Fong was not that creative of a man. For example, when the government was promoting their “clunker” idea, Peter Fong took that and added an extra $4,500.
This is a terrible idea for a company that is struggling already with there annual profits. Instead of thinking of ways too make their automobiles better he was trying to sell cars that nobody wants and giving more and more discounts. You cannot make a profit this way. I’m sure the members of the sales team were all thinking this in their heads and talking amongst each other about how bad of an idea this was. These kinds of things lead to a bad working environment and people second-guessing each other. I know that this would not be the culture in a work environment that I would be looking for.
The first question leads me right into the second with Mr. Machionne trying to improve the PE fit of the company. The PE fit is simply “the compatibility between an individual and a work environment that occurs when their characteristics are well matched. ” I believe that Mr. Machionne is doing a much better job then Peter Fong when it comes to making sure you have the right people working for you. One of the things he did was interview every single executive to evaluate if he thinks that the person is qualified and too make sure he has the right person that fits his work ethic.
He fired a lot of people who he didn’t think were performing how he thought they were capable of, and also promoted people who he thought were lower then they deserved too be. Mr. Machionne is giving a lot of the workers opportunities to show that they belong in the organization. Mr. Machionne just wants to make sure all his employees are as hard working and dedicated as he is. “Our vision is to build cars and trucks people want to buy, will enjoy driving and will want to buy again. ” This is Chrysler’s current mission statement. This mission statement backs up what Mr.
Machionne wants the culture of Chrysler to be. He has absolutely accomplished this by taking Chrysler out of bankruptcy and making some sort of profit over the last 2 years. He is making sure that the cars being put out by Chrysler are safe and well made cars that people would like to buy, and at the right cost. This has changed the whole culture and I’m sure all the employees down to the salesmen are very happy. Mr. Sergio Marchionne has changed the culture and environment of Chrysler for the better of the company. I believe in his motives and what makes a good car company.
Just by reading the case study and hearing how he went “ballistic” in meetings because of what the previous CEO has done. I think you can tell by what he has done with the FIAT in Italy that he can be successful in America even though the cultures are different. In a video we watched in class about the fish market we saw a owner that was giving mor responsibility to the workers and everyone’s opinion counted. I believe that Mr. Marchionne is similar to that owner in many ways. For one the case study says that he took an office on the fourth floor of the technology center at Chrysler’s headquarters.
This was so he was among all the engineers of the company. You can tell he is going with the “hands on approach” that he wants to be involved with everyone. He could’ve had his office with the other executives farther away from everyone but that is not what he wants. The engineers are most likely happy knowing that the CEO cares a lot and wants to help anyway he can. Another good way he has changed the culture is having weekly meetings with the executives. These meetings were classified and no one is supposed to speak of what is going on inside those meetings.
This gives off a good sense of teamwork and everyone staying on the same page and feeling involved in the company. I think that Mr. Marchionne has already had some success from where Chrysler was say 4 years ago. They are currently making a profit every year. I know that he is striving to make Chrysler an even better company that makes a great profit. I think he can get there its just going to take time. I know that his philosophies are in the right place and I know that he wants to makes the best cars and trucks he can.
In the long term I think he will have great success in making Chrysler and great company that customers are satisfied with safe and cost effective automobiles just like the FIATS. In Italy Mr. Marchionne was very successful with the FIATS. He was smart by making smaller vehicles that cost less to make but also you need smaller cars to drive around Italy. Italy has small roads that a lot of people ride scooters around. This was extremely intriguing to Italian people to have smaller cars that were cost effective and actually nice looking too.
I know that America and Italy are very different but they are similar in a very important way. Everyone wants to spend less money. So if he is going to try to make smaller cars for Chrysler that cost him less money to make then people are going to buy the car because its going to cost less as well. Also we all know gas is a big problem and smaller cars are a way better option that making big trucks that eat up gas. I think that Mr. Marchionne is doing a great job and if he keeps heading in the same direction he can do the same thing with Chrysler as he did with FIAT, and that is too run a very successful profitable car company.
Wuthering Heights Heathcliff Personality Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Personality Heathcliff is one of the main characters in the renowned novel, Wuthering Heights, by Emily Bronte. Heathcliff is such a memorable character due to his unique personality and how he approaches and engages conflicts in his life. Whether Heathcliff’s actions spark sympathy or lead to disappointment with his conduct, some characteristics of his personality do seem to stand out throughout the novel. Traits such as his unwillingness to forgive those for events in the past, his selfish nature, or even the deep emotion that emerges through this seemingly dark figure.
In the novel Heathcliff is betrayed by those around him. He is forced to do servant duties by Hindley, who he lives with for many years. As if this is not degrading enough, he begins to lose the love of his life, Catherine, because Heathcliff can no longer provide her with the luxurious life to which she is accustomed. This betrayal probably is what caused him to develop his unforgiving nature, especially since it causes dramatic alterations to his lifestyle, cripples his chances for a successful future, and leaves him emotionally distraught.
In chapter 7 of the novel Heathcliff says, “I’m trying to settle how I shall pay Hindley back. I don’t care how long I wait, if I can only do it at last. ” This quote shows the grudge he holds against Hindley and his unwillingness to forgive him. Quotes like these can be plucked out from various chapters in the novel, but they all reveal the same thing about Heathcliff. No matter whether it has been a week or years, he seems to hold his grudges and be unable to forgive.
Another trait that Heathcliff exhibits throughout the novel is his selfish side. I believe this side emerges hand in hand with his unforgiving nature. I think when his world is crashing down around him he decides that he is the only person he can trust and he developes a fear of building a bond that can be severed leading him to be selfish. This selfishness is also reflected in his love affairs as he yearns to be with Catherine once again, not for her own good but simply because he cannot live happily without her.
This trait is reflected well when Heathcliff exclaims, “Catherine Earnshaw, may you not rest so long as I live on. ” This quote shows that he could care less if Catherine is able to rest. Instead Heathcliff wants to assure that Catherine will not be freed from her internal conflict before Heathcliff is able to put to rest his own emotional battles. Although many of the traits that Heathcliff is guilty of possessing are on the negative side, he does show great love and emotion in some portions of the novel.
This is the side of Heathcliff’s personality that can really make one feel sympathy for him, as it seems that his deep love probably contributes to his negative side. Heathcliff so desperately wants Catherine to return to him that he can hardly live through a day without his emotional tornado wrecking his relations with others. Heathcliff really shows that he wants nothing more than Catherine’s love when he confesses to her his feelings even while she is married. If he loved you with all the power of his soul for a whole lifetime he couldn’t love you as much as I do in a single day. ” The fact that Heathcliff is completely unable to move on and get over his feelings for Catherine really display his emotional nature. Heathcliff is one of those characters that will only be fully understood by the person who created the character. For everyone else there will always be room for discussion and disagreements concerning the unforgiving, selfish, yet desperately emotional personality of Heathcliff.
The World Without Us buy essay help: buy essay help
Alan Weisman The World Without Us written by Alan Weisman is an intriguing book about what the world would be like if humans influence never took place and better yet, now that humans have invaded the space of natural wilderness, how would the environment adapt if humans disappeared? What would it be like if none of the creatures in our environment had to deal with the constant demands of humans? How would the forms of life take over all the buildings and materials humans left behind?
In the opening chapter, Weisman talks about the greatness and exotic life of the Bialowieza Puszca. This forest spanned parts of Europe and Weisman talks of its biodiversity due to the lack of human influence. The way that he describes this area of wildlife and wilderness, really helps the reader visualize what the world really might be like if humans didn’t destroy the habitats of many species and use their homes as land for industry. Weisman goes on talking about what our homes would look like after humans disappeared and even how major cities, such as New York City and Manhattan, would be affected.
The houses and buildings would eventually break down and form habitats for animals, such as rodents, and even insects. New York City’s subway tunnels would flood which would lead to other disastrous events to deteriorate the infrastructure. Weisman suggests plant life to begin to grow in new places that would usually be prevented by human upkeep. He goes on to explain in detail of the many ways the environment would start to “grow back” to its original state; the natural wilderness before humans took over the land and destroyed it.
The author, Alan Weisman, then continues on and discusses his other proposals of how humans are affecting the environment. He talks about the increase of carbon dioxide emissions in every day human life and its affect on global warming. He mentions how the discovery of paleontology proves that extinction of species could be due to the affects of human influence on their habitats. Humans are now known to be willingly killing off and hunting overpopulated animals whereas Weisman thinks it is not necessary. He suggests, “You don’t actually have to shoot the songbirds to remove them from the sky.
Take away enough of their homes or sustenance, and they will fall dead on their own” (The World Without Us, page 83). Subsequently, the book continues through the idea of what would happen to the world’s greatest structures, how the pollution in the ocean would be affected, how mosquitoes would benefit greatly once the human race disappears, and how evolution may be impacted by the proposed explosion of the petroleum plants once human maintenance has ceased. Weisman also continues talking about how the impact of farm fertilization will have on the rebirth of the natural environment.
Some fertilizers will level metals in the ground and take almost 100,000 years to degrade. The nitrates that some farmers use in their soil may take awhile for the soil to recover as well. He states that old architectural structures will have no significant impact because without humans to help maintain its structure, the environment, such as plants and animals, will be able to adapt to it. He talks about how the Great Wall of China will degrade and plant life will suffice. Weisman also notes that the bird population will greatly benefit if the human existence ceased.
Because of all of the towers, buildings, and telephone poles that humans have placed in their way, many birds die each year. The overall last few chapters of Alan Weisman’s book, The World Without Us, explains how the human population will most likely not become extinct in some mass extinction epidemic. Moreover, if humans were to be killed off, other species would most likely be killed off as well. Alan Weisman’s intentions for this book was not to point out that humans ruined the natural beauty of the world, but to explain that humans can choice to adapt with the natural environment instead of intruding it.
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Describe the project and indicate existing facilities in the area and justify the establishment of the Project. ? Provide technical parameters and discuss technology aspect of the Project. Provide details of civil works, equipment, machinery and other physical facilities required for the project. ? Indicate governance issues of the sector relevant to the project and strategy to resolve them. |In addition to above, the following sector specific information be provided | Education, training and manpower • Give student-teacher ratio for the project and the national average for the proposed level of education. • Year-wise proposed enrolment of the institution for 5 years. For scholarship projects, indicate number of scholarships to be awarded each year alongwith selection criteria .
• Provide faculty strength in relevant discipline, in case of expansion of facilities. • Indicate the extent of library and laboratory facilities available in case of secondary, college and university education. • Provide details of technical staff required for operation & maintenance of laboratories. Health, nutrition, family planning and social welfare a) Health projects • Indicate whether the proposed facilities are preventive or curative. Bifurcate the facilities between indoor, out door and department-wise.
b) Nutrition • Indicate the infrastructure and mechanism required for the project. • Measures taken for involvement and participation of the community. • Net improvement in the nutritional status of target groups in quantitative terms. c) Family planning • Provide information relating to motivation and distribution sub-system. • Give benchmark data and targets relating to number of couples to be approached and number of contraceptives and other devices to be distributed. • Mode/mechanism of advocacy and awareness
Huck Finn Comparison Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Huck Finn’s lies are about having a family and how “pap and me and all the family was living on a little farm down at the bottom of Arkansaw,” (Twain 75). While Gatsby’s lies are about how he has no family and how is the son of “some wealthy people in the Middle West — all dead now. ”(Fitzgerald 65). The major similarity of this is that they create these fantasy families because they are ashamed of their real family in a way which leads them to create their view of a good family.
Besides Huck Finn’s and Gatsby’s similarity in lies and their reasoning behind lying, these characters are also similar because they use the same type of person as a frame of reference of what not to do or become. Jay Gatsby uses his deceased friend, Dan Cody, as his frame of reference. Dan Cody, when drunk, would commit acts of “savage violence of the frontier brothel and saloon. ”(Fitzgerald 100) and would have Gatsby jail him on the yacht because he knew what would happen once he became drunk enough. Gatsby barely drank anything because he saw firsthand what alcohol could turn you nto if you had enough of it in your system. Huck Finn uses his pap as his frame of reference of what not to do or become. Pap, while drunk, is exceptionally violent. Pap would chase Huck around the hut “with a clasp-knife, calling me the Angel of Death…” (Twain 22) and he would get “too handy with his hickory” (Twain 18) which left Huck “all over welts” (Twain 18). These frames of references of what not to become have helped the characters develop a more stable moral code. Other than Jay Gatsby, Huck Finn is also comparable to Myrtle Wilson in two ways.
One characteristic these two characters have in common is that they dislike their real lives that they try to create and live these fantasy lives. Huck Finn never returns to reality and live his real life unless him and Jim are by themselves on the river. While he is on shore Huck always creates all these aliases with different backgrounds every time he meets new people or a new family. When Myrtle Wilson is with Tom Buchanan and her “friends” in the apartment-homes in the West Hundreds she creates the fabulous fantasy life where she is just so care free and rich.
While she lives this fantasy life she lets Tom make fun of her husband by imagining a picture entitled “George B. Wilson at the Gas Pump. ”(Fitzgerald 33). She pretends that she has money when Mrs. McKee compliments her on the dress she is wearing and Myrtle is just shrugging off because this is something she wears when she “don’t care what I look like” (Fitzgerald 31). In addition to their likeness in trying to live a fantasy life, Huck Finn and Myrtle share their ability to promptly forget about important people and belongings.
This is evident with Myrtle when she buys the dog on her way to the apartment with Tom and Nick. As quickly as she buys the dog she forgets about it before the end of the party which is sitting on a table “looking with blind eyes through the smoke, and from time to time groaning faintly. ”( Fitzgerald 37 ) and not once has she gone to check to see if it is out of water, food, or even tries to take it out of that type of environment. For Huck the person he forgets about is his loyal and caring friend Jim.
Whenever Huck is living one of his adventurous fantasy lives he never takes a pause to think about what Jim is doing, feeling, what type of danger he might be in, or what he could be going through right now while he’s having the time of his life or getting himself in deep trouble on the shore. Conclusively the great American novel “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald has characters that share characteristics with that of Huck Finn from the novel, “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain.
Huckleberry Finn is like Jay Gatsby because they both lie about their family because they’re ashamed of their real on and want what they feel would be a better family for them. They’re also alike in the way that they use the same type of person as a frame of reference of what not to do, which helps them build a more durable moral code. Myrtle Wilson is also comparable to Huck Finn on account of that they try to create and live fantasy lives, and then they get so caught up in their fake lives that they forget about the important people and belongings in their lives.
A Case of X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney
What are the differences between non-specific and specific (immunity) body defense? Non-specific defenses attack any foreign invaders by physical and chemical barriers first and then internally. Specific defenses are our immune system and the immune response that forgets specific invaders of the body that manage to get by the non-specific defenses. 2. In what tissue do B- and T- lymphocytes originate and what are the two steps involved in lymphocyte “maturation”? The precursors of both types of cells are produced in the bone marrow.
While the B cells mature in the bone marrow, the precursor to the T cells leaves the bone marrow and matures in the thymus which is the reason that they are called “T cells” for thymus-derived cells. 3. Describe the two “arms” of immunity. The two major arms of innate immunity are inflammation and phagocytes. Inflammation is the warning system that alerts the rest of the immune system that something is wrong, while phagocytes are the infantry of our immune system whose job is to clean out whatever is causing the infection. 4. Define the term antigen and state which class of organic molecules make the best antigens, and why?
An antigen is a substance or molecule that, when it is introduced into the body, triggers the production of an antibody by the immune system, which will then kill or neutralize the antigen that is recognized as a foreign and potentially harmful invader. 5. What are the five classes of antibody? IgG (Immunoglobulin G; 4 subclasses, IgG1-4), IgM (Immunoglobulin M), IgA (Immunoglobulin A; 2 subclasses, IgA1-2), IgD: (Immunoglobulin D), IgE (Immunoglobulin E) 6. What are the means by which antibody molecules exert a protective effect? 7.
What are the basic differences between active and passive immunity? Naturally acquired active immunity occurs when the person is exposed to a live pathogen, develops the disease, and becomes immune as a result of the primary immune response. Artificially acquired active immunity can be induced by a vaccine, a substance that contains the antigen. A vaccine stimulates a primary response against the antigen without causing symptoms of the disease. Passive immunity is a short-term immunization by the injection of antibodies, such as gamma globulin, that re not produced by the recipient’s cells. Naturally acquired passive immunity occurs during pregnancy, in which certain antibodies are passed from the maternal into the fetal bloodstream. 8. Billy was free of infections for the first few months of life. Why? I think Billy was free of infections for the first few months of life was because he was receiving antibodies from his mother’s breast milk. 9. Why did Billy lack tonsils? Billy lacked palatine tonsils because it was hertitary. It was apparent on his mother’s side of the family because she was a carrier of the gene. 10.
Explain X-linked inheritance, and name other genetic diseases that are known to ne X-linked. X-linked recessive inheritance is a mode of inheritance in which a mutation in a gene on the X chromosome causes the phenotype to be expressed in males and in females who are homozygous for the gene mutation. X-linked inheritance means that the gene causing the trait or the disorder is located on the X chromosome. Females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome. The most common X-linked recessive disorders are color blindness, Hemophilia A, Spinal muscular atrophy, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
Newgrange college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx
O’ Kelly recreated and reconstructed Newgrange to its former glory, based on his research. The outer stones on the face of Newgrange are quartz (Co. Wicklow) and granite (Co. Lowth). These stones were the same type as the original stones, although they were not the originals used in the initial foundation. 97 kerbstones surround the circular base of Newgrange. Many of these kerbstones are detailed and decorated with an assortment of spirals, circles, diamonds, and lines. Two of the most well known kerbstones are numbers one and fifty- two. Kerbstone one is designed with spirals and diamonds, as well as lines and lozenges.
Kerbstone fifty-two is very different, as it has very specific and non-uniform designs on it. In the chambers at the end of the entrance passage, there are three antichambers, two of which still bare their original basins. On the walls above these basins are carvings of zig-zags and lozenges, more art from the people of the Stone Age. To create these designs, they used a stone hammer and a flint point to chip a carving into the stone. In a circle surrounding Newgrange, (about 15 meters out) is an assortment of 12 stone monoliths. These are the only remaining monoliths of the original 32.
The construction of Newgrange was certainly a major feat of engineering for people of the Stone Age. The technology was limited to what people could carry or pull into place, as they didn’t have any animals of labor, and the wheel had yet to be invented. It is estimated it took eighty men up to three weeks to pull the kerbstones and monoliths across the countryside (much of which was still forested at the time) and into place. Although it is unclear as to how long it took to complete Newgrange, it is estimated that at this pace, it would have taken the better part of fifty years to finish.
The first part of building Newgrange was most likely the construction of the inner chamber/passage, as well as the careful orientation of this passage with the sun and moon, which is of vital importance to the entire site of Newgrange. Next, the kerbstones would have been laid out around the base of Newgrange, before anything was to be built vertically. This ensured that the mound would retain its shape. The corbelled roof on the inside of the passage tomb is one of the most interesting things about Newgrange. This roof was most likely built as the level of the mound built up, gradually creating an overlapping, cone shaped ceiling.
In the whole of Western Europe, the corbelled roof of the chambers at Newgrange are the oldest roofed structures. The stones that were used in this roof had slight grooves in them to help keep water out. This must still be working, because even today, the inside of the Newgrange passage shows no sign that it was ever penetrated by water; this ceiling was built to last. The weight of the stones is also evenly distributed, lessening the risk for cave-ins or collapses. There have been various debates as to what the original purpose of Newgrange actually was.
Many archaeologists have believed that the monument had religious significance of some sort of another, either as a place of worship, or for an astronomically-based faith. The archaeologist Michael J. O’Kelly, who led the 1962–1975 excavations at the site, believed that the monument had to be seen in relation to the nearby Knowth and Dowth, and that the building of Newgrange was of upmost significance to the megalithic religion. However studies in other fields offer alternative interpretations of the possible functions, which focus on the astronomy, engineering, geometry and mythology associated with the Boyne monuments.
It is speculated that the sun formed an important part of the religious beliefs of the Stone Age people who built it. One idea was that the room was designed for a ritualistic capturing of the sun on the shortest day of the year, the Winter Solstice, as the room gets flooded with sunlight, but only for a brief amount of time. Sometimes, it is impossible to see this phenomenon because of clouds obscuring the sun on the day of the solstice. The passage mounds at Bru na Boinne have a wonderful and interesting history to them, especially Newgrange.
These tombs show us what the early Stone Age humans were capable of, as well as how important their religion and life was to them (we speculate). This art is the peak of modern stone architecture in a very non-modern time in history. Newgrange was no doubt of deep significance to the people of the Stone Age, and they took their work very seriously. Although we know only so much about these early people, the way we interpret the details and the carvings can help us shed light on them. They could just be doodles on the face of a rock, or they could meamn so much more.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Experimental Design devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Experimental Design Advantages: * As well as controlling the independent variable the experimenter attempts to eliminate unwanted extraneous variables. * Control over extraneous variables is usually greater than in other research methods. * Experimental design involves manipulating the independent variable to observe the effect on the dependent variable. This makes it possible to determine a cause and effect relationship. Because of strict conditions and control the experimenter can set up the experiment again and repeat or ‘check’ their results. Replication is very important as when similar results are obtained this gives greater confidence in the results.
Disadvantages: * Elimination of extraneous variables is not always possible. * Experimental situation may not relate to the real world. * It may be unethical or impossible to randomly assign people to groups. Eg. : Unethical to deliberately deprive children of sleep. * Impossible (expensive) to observe ‘jetlag’ by sending people on world trips. * Unethical to experiment on forms of punishment on children by subjecting them to punishment. * Advantages and Diadvantages of the Quantitative Observational Design. Advantages: *
Quantitative observational designs allow variables to be investigated that would be unethical, impossible or too costly under an experimental design. Some kinds of behaviour can only be observed in a naturalistic setting. Disadvantages: * Cannot infer such a strong cause and effect relationship because there is or greater chance of other variables affecting the results. This is due to the lack of random assignment to groups. * Cannot replicate the findings as the same situation will not occur naturally again. * Quantitative Observational does not allow generalisation of findings to the general population. * Observer bias may influence the results.
Managing Cultural Diversity buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help
The following paper brie y debates the rhetoric of managing diversity and considers whether managing diversity is a distinct approach to managing people or a means of diluting equal opportunities in UK organizations. With respect to the realities of the concepts in UK organizations, empirical data from a survey of sixty UK human resource professionals and general line managers is presented. We pose a number of cautionary questions, including what does it matter and to whom?
By doing so we intend to encourage further critique and challenges in respect to the concept of managing diversity in organizations. Keywords: Managing diversity, equal opportunities, HRM/D, rhetoric, reality Introduction Today the workforce does not look, think, or act like any workforce of the past, nor does it hold the same values, have the same experiences, or pursue the same needs and desires (Jamieson and O’ Mara 1991). The composition of today’ s workforce has changed signi cantly in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, culture, education, disabilities, and values.
Running parallel to these changes is the shift in thinking by human resource theorists and practitioners with regard to addressing equality in the workplace (Cooper and White 1995; Liff and Wacjman 1996). This shift is underpinned by the emergence of the business case argument for equal opportunities, as opposed to the persuasive debate for social justice or equal opportunities as ‘ correcting an imbalance, an injustice or a mistake’ (Thomas 1990).
There is now a view that, after twenty years of the ‘ stick’ of legal compliance (which has achieved little), the ‘ carrot’ of underpinning the business case for equal opportunities will perhaps achieve more (Dickens 1994). The business case argument for equal opportunities in organizations is often termed ‘ managing or valuing diversity’ , but, as with most contemporary Human Resource Development International ISSN 1367-8868 print/ISSN 1469–8374 online © 2000 Taylor & Francis Ltd http://www. tandf. co. uk/journals 420 Peer-Reviewed Articles anagement issues, the underlying principles and interpretation of this concept are open to mass interpretation, criticism, and indeed misunderstanding. D. Miller (1996) argues that the significant widening of the meaning of equal opportunities has brought with it more complex and confusing messages for employers and practitioners. By drawing on literature and empirical data, we consider whether managing diversity is a distinct approach to managing people or a means of diluting equal opportunities in UK organizations and pose a number of cautionary questions, including: what does it matter and to whom?
By doing so, we intend to encourage further critique and challenges in respect to the concept of managing diversity in organizations. What is managing diversity? Thomas (2000) argues that, with the growing number of mergers and acquisitions, workforce diversity will become more of a priority for organizations and, therefore, in the future, people will become clearer on what diversity is and how to manage it. As with the debates surrounding de nitions of human resource management and development (HRM/D), managing diversity as a concept means different things to different people.
It can relate to the issue of national cultures inside a multinational organization (Hofstede 1984); it can relate to the further development of equal opportunities or to a distinct method of integrating different parts of an organization and/or managing people strategically. Much of the literature regarding managing diversity relates to the US experience, where the concept is particularly popular; a re ection perhaps of the more pronounced diversity of workforce composition (Cassell 1996). In a recent report 1999), a Department of Education in America described managing and valuing diversity as a key component of effective people management, arguing that it focuses on improving the performance of the organization and promotes practices that enhance the productivity of all staff. Their dimensions of diversity include gender, race, culture, age, family/carer status, religion, and disability. The de nition provided also embraces a range of individual skills, educational quali cations, work experience and background, languages, and other relevant attributes and experiences which differentiate individuals.
Texting While Driving English Paper global history essay help: global history essay help
You are driving around town when suddenly you get a text. You look down innocently to look at the message; not thinking about the consequences ahead. Suddenly you hear a car honking, and brakes screeching. You look up at the road ahead just as you collide with another car. Now you are barely conscious as you here sirens, an ambulance is rushing you to a hospital. Texting while driving is dangerous to everyone on the road, and it needs to stop. As if driving with distraction wasn’t dangerous enough, put a cell phone in the hands of a person behind the wheel and it gets much worse.
Vehicle crashes are one of the top causes of death for 15-20 year olds. About 6,000 deaths are caused by distracted drivers every year. Many people, novice teen drivers and older experienced drivers alike, do not take the law of no texting while driving serious enough. Texting while driving is never a good idea because the driver’s attention is no longer on the road. It is dangerous to the public, and it can result in life changing consequences. Drivers often perform non-driving activities that divert their attention from driving.
This could be from conversing with a passenger, dialing or hanging up a cell phone, or having a phone conversation. When drivers are busy reading, or sending a text message they are not giving their full attention to their surroundings. Texting while driving increase the time spent with eyes off the road by about 400 percent. Anything, at any time could happen and it could easily happen in the few seconds drivers eyes are on their phone and not the road. Teens tend to be the group with the most risky driving habits.
A study found that young drivers who text, take their eyes off the road four times more than other drivers and would veer out of their lane 63 percent more frequently. Looking down from the road for a second seems harmless but it’s not because driving involves full attention. 46 percent of teens say they send text messages while driving. That is 46 percent of teen drivers on the road that are not directing their attention to the road. Texting can be as dangerous as drunken driving. If a driver’s eyes are not on the road then they are completely unaware of what is around them.
This not only endangers the driver, but other drivers and pedestrians as well. About half a million injuries are caused by distracted drivers every year. When a driver texts while they are driving they must remember that they are putting a person’s life at risk. Five seconds could mean someone’s life. The combination of texting and driving is extremely dangerous. A person’s life is more important than a text message. Most people think that laws against texting and driving are ridiculous, but if they were the victim of a careless driver they would most likely think otherwise.
Each year, 21% of fatal car crashes which involved teens were the result of cell phone usage. Driving with distractions can be very dangerous, and driving safely is something more people should take seriously. People that text while driving; become unaware of their surrounding putting everyone at risk. Texting while driving should be avoided at all cost because it takes a drivers attention off of the road and leaves them briefly out of control of their car, it is dangerous to the public including pedestrians and other drivers, and it can result in life changing consequences.
Earth Goddess with Snakes persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help
The Earth Goddess with Snakes is a very unique sculpture that is designed of a woman that is standing with her shoulders firm and her arms out to her side at an angle holding a snake in each hand. Her long triangular floor length skirt seems to be made up of cloth panels with each layer going upwards getting shorter in length; an apron like item going over her from front to back. Above the apron like item there is a metal belt securing her waist. Her upper portion of her body is exposed at the chest showing her bare breasts. It appears that she may have long hair.
A beret like hat covers the top of her head with a bird that sits on top of it. This golden ivory figurine was founded in the treasury of the Knossos Palace in 1600-1580 BCE. The Minoan religion looks as if it had women leaders in power; however this figurine that is known as the Earth Goddess with Snakes has not been certified as meaningful because of lack of written evidence, but according to Matthews and McGraw (2010), they were used in “numerous households as being honored as a minor household goddesses and venerated trees and stone pillars, to which they probably attributed supernatural powers. The figurine exposing bare breast and holding of snakes could easily be symbolized that women were creators of the universe and of all life. Because women can compel children they can be seen as a creator of life. The snakes could also be added as symbolization for life; because snakes shed their skin so to some when they do that they die and renew themselves. I chose this sculpture because upon reading, I found it to be interesting because I am a mother myself.
I have a statue of a woman holding her newborn child, and I believe that being one of the creators of life, women should be highly respected. I liked the fact that the Minoan religion adored their women leaders. I believe the Earth Goddess with Snakes was put together to look like a strong women of power because she stands strong and dares to hold snakes in each of her hands.
Said’s States global history essay help: global history essay help
His style of writing does not follow a specific pattern, nor does it follow anything that is conventional in a normal essay. Said uses this unique style of writing in hopes to show the characteristics of the life as a Palestinian. However, this style of writing is extremely difficult to follow. The essay jumps from place to place, which makes it hard for the reader to keep track of what is being talked about. Said believes that his use of unconventional writing is necessary in order to establish the “hybrid” style of Palestinian culture.
Styles discussed will include things like the use of photos, lack of transitions, multiple genres, lack of and introduction and conclusion, and most importantly, no logical organization. Through the use of unconventional writing characteristics, Said takes the reader on a complicated journey to establish Palestinian “hybrid” way of life. In “States,” Said includes multiple genres. The typical, conventional way of writing includes a focus on one genre. Said tends to switch back and forth between history and autobiography. When more than one genre is expressed, the reader may become confused by too much jumping around.
For example, on page 548, Said is in the genre of history. He explains facts about the war of 1967 saying, “The 1967 war was followed shortly after by the Arab oil boom. For the first time, Palestinian nationalism arose as an independent force in the Middle East. Never did our future seem more hopeful” (548). In this quote, Said explains an important event in Palestinian life. This was important, because a glimmer of hope was beginning to show for Palestinian life. However, the start of the next paragraph just abandons what was being said in the previous quote. Said suddenly jumps into Palestinian life as being controlled and abandoned.
He says, The stability of geography and the continuity of land—these have completely disappeared from my life and the life of all Palestinians. If we are not stopped at borders, or herded into new camps, or denied reentry and residence, or barred from travel from one place to another, more of our land is taken, our lives are interfered with arbitrarily, our voices are prevented from reaching each other, our identity is confined to frightened little islands in an inhospitable environment of superior military force sanitized by the clinical jargon of pure administration (548).
Said is in a darker tone here. He is saying that Palestinians no longer have a value or worth. Everything that they do or will do is now in the hands of another higher power. This example of genre switch may confuse the reader, therefor making them unhappy. That is exactly what Said is trying to do. This, however, is not the only unconventional style used in this essay. One of the biggest, and most obvious unconventional characteristics is the use of pictures in the essay. Unless this was a children’s book, the reader should not expect to see more than one picture throughout an essay.
However, Said manages to use 29 photos throughout “States. ” Said believes that these photos will help give the reader a better understanding of how life is a Palestinian. Furthermore, he says, The multifaceted vision is essential to any representation of us. Stateless, dispossessed, decentered, we are frequently unable either to speak the “truth” of our experience or to make it heard. We do not usually control the images that represent us; we have been confined to spaces designed to reduce or stunt us; and we have often been distorted by pressures and powers that have been too much for us. (p. ) In the preceding quote, Said explains how the use of pictures can aid in the translation of emotion. He believes that the way in which the pictures are taken is key. In each picture, the photographer, Jean Mohr, has placed the reader at an angle that makes them feel as if they are in first person contact with the individuals in the picture. Though unconventional, the use of pictures in this essay makes the understanding a little easier for the reader. However, there are a few parts that get to be a bit confusing. For example, Said is talking about the picture on page 574 while the reader is on page 570.
In this case, the unconventional order comes into play. While reading “States,” the reader will notice that there is no logical order. The typical essay usually has a particular order or structure. More often than not, that order is chronological order. In “States” Said jumps from place to place and from genre to genre. Said knows that there is no logical order in his essay and makes it clear to the reader saying, “The story of Palestine cannot be told smoothly. Instead, the past, like the present, offers only occurrences and coincidences. Random” (557).
Said believes that this is best for the reader while explaining Palestinian life, because this style does describe Palestinian life. He elaborates on this saying, Its style and method—the interplay of text and photos, the mixture of genres, modes, styles—do not tell a consecutive story, nor do they constitute a political essay. Since the main features of our present existence are dispossession, dispersion, and yet also a kind of power incommensurate with our stateless exile, I believe that essentially unconventional, hybrid, and fragmentary forms of expression should be used to represent us.
What I have quite consciously designed, then, is an alternative mode of expression to the one usually encountered in the media, in works of social science, in popular fiction. (p. 6) Said is trying to tell the reader that his use of a hybrid style is necessary. He believes that the only way to get the true emotions across to the reader is to use this style, because Palestinians themselves are hybrid. Their emotions are so different, and can change at any moment. One great example of this would be the picture on page 541. In this photo, a wedding party is displayed.
The couple that has just been married are getting into a car, that is very atypical to Palestinian life. They seem to have an upset emotion on their faces. While they seem upset, the children in the back are very playful and happy. This displays a prime example of the social disorder in Palestinian culture. The picture on page 541 also represents another unconventional topic of interest. The essay “States” has no introduction or conclusion. An introduction is important in an essay, because it sets up the story for the reader by giving them an insight to what the essay will be about.
Instead, Said begins with the following quote. “Caught in a meager, anonymous space outside a drab Arab city, outside a refugee camp, outside the crushing time of one disaster after another, a wedding party stands, surprised, sad, slightly uncomfortable” (541). This quote does nothing to set up the essay for the reader. It simply just explains what is happening in the picture on the page. Without the use of an introduction, the reader is immediately searching for answers that may not be answered. The conclusion is also missing from the essay.
Without the support of a textual wrap-up, the reader is left questioning whether their interpretation is correct or not. However, this is exactly what Said wants. His whole goal was to confuse the readers, because that is what Palestinian life is. In order to explain the confusion, the reader must be confused. Therefor, by not including the conclusion in the essay, Said leaves the reader questioning the events that just transpired. In “States,” Said simply wraps up the essay with a final explanation of a picture. There is no satisfaction or sense of closure for the reader.
This unconventional way of writing leads to confusion for the reader, just like Said had planned it. While reading a piece of writing, the reader tends to find comfort in being able to follow along with the writing. However when one topic is not clearly transferred to another, attention may be lost. This brings us to the next topic of interest. In “States,” there are no transitions. The reader becomes confused, because Said is constantly jumping from one place to another. This does not just occur in certain parts of the essay, but rather throughout the entire essay.
For example, on page 543, the second full paragraph is describing the reactions Palestinian people have when approached by someone of another culture. Then, in the next paragraph, Said totally abandons this topic. He begins to talk about a man’s father who was dying. This simply just confuses the reader, which, once again, is the goal of Said. There is a lack of closure from one point to another. After reading “States,” I am left confused. Immediately I did not understand why Said wrote this the way he did. However, after I analyzed what I read nd then read it again, I understood his reason for writing it this way. He wanted the reader to become confused. By confusing the reader, it is the only way he can possibly get the truth across about Palestinian life. By abandoning all conventional ways of writing, he risks a lot. If he were to simply stick to one or two conventional ways of writing, the other unconventional ways would not stand out so bad. This essay, as previously explained, is confusing for the reader. The lack of order and form is just ridiculous.
The reader can expect to have difficulty when reading this essay, but through discussion and a second reading, it may be able to be interpreted. Said’s methods and form are necessary. In conclusion, Said’s way of unconventional writing is somewhat outlawed by many. In general, the writer will typically stick to a conventional style of writing with a well-structured order. However, this use of writing is necessary, in his eyes, to give a real life insight to Palestinian life. Said uses things like multiple pictures, no transitions, no conclusion, no introduction, multiple genres, and lack of chronological order for a specific reason.