Managing Knowledge and Learning at NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Summary National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established by Congress on October 1, 1958, in order for the United States to keep up with the technological advancements achieved from former Soviet Union’s successful launch of the Sputnik (1957). The Apollo Era-Mission had risen from the support of John F. Kennedy’s goal, which was “landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth.
” Prioritization at NASA evolved into the center’s motto of “Faster, Better, Cheaper” (FBC), which was mandated in the Goldin Era beginning in 1992.NASA shifted priorities from: 1) performance, 2) schedule and 3) cost to 1) increase mission performance, 2) cut cost and 3) work force reduction. However, this reform was not as successful as planned. From 1992 and 2000, six of 16 FBC missions failed. To address concern of the impact of failed missions and impending retirements of many of the most experienced NASA employees, Congress enforced that the agency search for the solution to Knowledge Management (KM) and promoting learning initiatives at NASA-JPL.NASA’s KM tools were mainly IT systems of Internet-based databases and portals for ease of lessons. The NASA KM crisis was attributed to the organization’s inability to document experiences of failures and successes of missions or projects; ultimately incapable of capturing the “experiential knowledge” from expert engineers and scientists.
In addition, this lack in KM was due to “privatizing knowledge” and promoting creativity, that stemmed from NASA’s culture where competition among centers for projects and funding was the norm.Several KM Initiatives were developed including project libraries for document and data management, developing standards, establishing databases to find experts, ask technical questions, and to capture history and legacy reviews. 1) What were the pros and cons of the “Faster, Better, Cheaper” model? How might outcomes (both positive and negative) of projects executed with this model impact NASA’s stakeholders, i. e. Congress and the general public? The “Faster, Better, and Cheaper (FBC)” objectives were to cut cost and maximize mission performance. There were several advantages of the FBC reform.FBC allowed compressed development and launch schedules that lead to an increase in the number of missions.
Mission time could be reduced from decades to a few years. The number of NASA projects increased from four to 40 under the FBC model. An increase in mission projects was thought to lead to additional discoveries so that NASA could gain further wisdom and space knowledge. FBC missions were changed from one big project to multiple smaller projects. Dividing the program into smaller projects helped to minimize the pressure and stress on the team if a mission failed.Furthermore, one mission failure did not consequently lead to the failure of the entire program. FBC practice allowed senior managers more freedom to implement FBC the way they found fit which promoted creativity and autonomy among senior managers.
FBC also reduced the cost of each mission and NASA’s overall budget. For example, the Mars program budget was reduced from one billion dollars to $260 million. There are numerous disadvantages of the FBC reform. Applying the FBC model could lead to more mission failures.During the FBC era, there were 6 failed missions out of 16 FBC missions. Cost and schedule constraints, insufficient risk assessment, planning, and testing, underestimation of complexity and technology maturity, inattention of quality and safety, inadequate review processes, engineering, under-trained staff, poor team communication, and design errors all attributed to NASA’s mission failures. Projects conducted “faster” does not allow for adequate documentation, time for redlining the project, and recording lessons learned from one mission to the next.
This could result in repeated mistakes that could be avoided by future missions. Missions carried out faster do not allow time for mentorship and sharing of knowledge. Also, the term “better” was not properly defined and was open to interpretation, which may negatively impact maintaining standard procedures and processes. The results of the FBC vision could impact NASA’s stakeholders in several ways. The increase in smaller successful missions would alleviate the risk of one large failure, although any failures will have a negative impact on stakeholders.Congress could be discouraged to provide support and funding for major space programs if they fail but might be more likely to fund smaller missions. The public could either lose or gain confidence, support, and belief in the space program depending on the magnitude of success or failure.
FBC mission are less expensive which would decrease NASA’s budget and help satisfy both Congress and the general public by reducing the need for extra taxation by Congress and collection of taxes from the general public. 2) Why was the Mars Pathfinder project so successful?Explain how Anthony Spears management style impacted future missions. Project management was the key to success of the Mars Pathfinder project. It began as an experiment to test the validity of the FBC reform mandated in 1992 when Daniel Goldin was assigned as the new administrator of NASA. A clear and specific plan for the Pathfinder mission was laid out in the beginning and followed through until the end. Analogous to the success of Cisco’s ERP implementation, Anthony Spears, an excellent manager and thought leader with years of experience at NASA, gained the support of top management and the JPL institution (Spears, 1999).Spears developed a unique balance of an advisory committee of experts to support and guide the difficult project, while he recruited talented, yet naive, energetic youngster’s to do what some more experienced people thought impossible.
As Spears writes in his lessons learned report it was “…a blend of bright, ambitious youth and scarred old timers, each challenged and empowered, all working each issue together… ” (1999). Together, they created a team that bonded and worked together successfully.Spears’ goal was not only the success of the Pathfinder project, but of the FBC program success, unlike the vision of future project managers. The success of Pathfinder did not translate well in future FBC missions.
Risk management and testing were important to the Mars Pathfinder success. While the Mars Pathfinder team worked together successfully, the younger players went on to think they were great project managers themselves, but still hadn’t learned enough to manage their next missions successfully.In future FBC projects, some reasons for failure were poor team communication, inadequate or under-trained staff or insufficient testing in 70% of missions and insufficient risk assessment and planning on 86% of missions (exhibit 4). 3) One of the major issues in this case is the retirements of experts. Why is this a problem for NASA? Would it be less of a problem in a different type of organization? Suggest immediate steps that NASA could take to mitigate the problem. Explain your choices.By 2006 half of NASA’s workforce was eligible for retirement which could lead to a major loss of knowledge, especially tacit information, diminishing the collective wisdom of the organization.
A senior manager at NASA states, “we have no formal process for transferring knowledge” from thought leaders to new managers and IT systems had not yet been sufficient in transferring “experiential knowledge” to the younger generation. Unfortunately, this would be true in many organizations unless they had sufficient knowledge management systems in place and a culture where sharing knowledge was valued and encouraged.In order to mitigate the problem of losing their knowledge base, NASA not only needs to continue to implement their KM strategy, but truly change the culture. Experienced project leaders and Subject Matter Experts (SMEs), such as design engineers, should openly share their knowledge and not just when asked for it. I support several of the planned KM initiatives such as the capture of information by improving documentation, development of an enterprise web-based portal, and the Knowledge Sharing Initiative (KSI) aimed at changing the companies’ culture.In addition to these activities, an exit strategy could be developed for retiring employees where they must follow standard procedures for employing case-based reasoning in an online database employing a searchable classification system. Additional knowledge could be disseminated by those eligible through training sessions.
A reward system should be coupled to these exit requirements and could be increased if the employee decides to be available in the Expert Connections directory of SME’s that could be contacted for support after they leave.New positions might need to be created for dedicated knowledge managers such as Chief knowledge officers. It’s also possible that NASA could obtain some replacement of lost experts by collaborating with space programs in other countries. Collecting the information from experts must be coupled with management support of a corporate wide schema to store the data, methods of dissemination, and apply the information to ultimately make better decisions on projects that involve risking people’s lives. 4) Jean Holm had two options she could choose from: 1) upgrade the IT systems or, 2) change the culture.Which would you choose and why? Is there a third option? Explain your answer. In order for Holm’s to truly have a successful knowledge management system in place, implementation of a hybrid system should be in place; enforcing both upgrade to IT systems occurring simultaneously with changing the private culture into a shared one.
Integration of both, changing the culture and IT upgrades will be a lengthy process so it would be critical to first strategically plan for cultivating and managing formal processes for knowledge transfers.Implementing formal processes such as required protocols, reports, standard operating procedures (SOPs) and work instructions for each mission or project should be enforced from every high-level management as it might help with the KM transfer crisis. Once every item has been completed by the high-level management it would be placed into the appropriate IT systems database in conjunction with the integration of the required knowledge management video synopsis from experienced engineers and scientist who exit the centers.Curriculums would be in place with learning modules with specific need encapsulating these protocols, reports, SOPs, work instructions and video synopsis would then be posted on the intranet, ready for the potential novice engineers and scientists entering the NASA work force; making the system more enriched and meaningful. 5) President Obama is implementing changes to NASA’s charter, which will create new ways of funding/executing projects than NASA is used to. Do a little online research. Do you agree or disagree in this change of direction? Explain.
Caution; this is not to be addressed as a political issue) The Obama administration’s new NASA charter includes a couple of key parts: A) In February 2010, the Obama administration canceled the Constellation Program, which was started by former President George W. Bush’s administration in 2004. This program aimed to put US astronauts back on the moon by 2020, for the first time since the final Apollo mission. B) In April 2010, Obama proposed increasing NASA’s overall budget by about $6 billion over five years and shifting NASA’s aim for manned space program to Mars (from the moon).By the mid 2030s, “I believe we can send humans to orbit Mars and return them safely to Earth. And landing on Mars will follow,” he said. C) He also challenged the commercial space industry to take up the routine tasks that NASA would abandon – such as ferrying astronauts to and from the space station.
I do not agree with him on the part A and Part B of the new charter. The Constellation Program is already 5 year old, and has spent $9. 1 billion.It has already made significant progress and will help America maintaining its space leadership position over Russia and China. On the other hand, I think that it will set a foundation for manned space mission to Mars. Obama’s vision of manned mission to Mars by mid-2030 does not seem realistic to me as he has not talked about its technology feasibility. However, I do agree with his plan’s Part C.
I think that it will significantly reduce the cost for transporting people and cargo to and from low-Earth orbit, and might induce the rise of a true space economy.
Compare Roman Gladiators to Modern Mma scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Compare and Contrast Essay Greg Moore South University Online When I was looking for modern items or events to compare to the past I came across something I enjoy watching. Mixed martial arts, this sport has become increasingly popular and it is not slowing down. The sport has roots back to ancient Greek and Roman times dating back to 776 B. C. Mixed martial arts or MMA is very similar to the Roman gladiators of the past, with the two combatants entering and fighting for victory. In the past mixed martial arts was called Pankrations, in Greek this means “All Powers”.
Mythology stipulates that Hercules and/or Theseus created this style of fighting. The first recorded fight of Pankration was 776 B. C when it was introduced into the Olympics. There were two types of Pankrations, ano pacnkration (fight had to remain on the feet) and kato pankration (fight could be taken to the ground), that were featured during the fights. These events were the primary combatant fights up until 246 B. C. when Romans introduced gladiators.
Gladiators, swordsman in Latin, were ancient Rome’s choice of entertainment for the masses.Starting out as private spectacles used by aristocrats to entertain and pay homage to their family at funerals. They eventually moved to bigger amphitheaters, the biggest being Rome’s Colosseum, after the death of Julius Ceaser in 44 B. C. where the state staged fights to appease the public during times of unrest. Gladiators were normally slaves, prisoners of war, and criminals. There were some volunteer gladiators, who were paid handsomely to fight.
Most gladiators were taught to fight in schools just like the fighters of today’s time.After nearly four centuries of having these fights and events their popularity began to wane. With increasing costs and introduction of Christianity within the Roman Empire helped dampen the popularity of the sport. Soon economic hardship and invading barbarians made holding these events harder and in 399 A. D. the fights were banned within Rome. Moving into the Modern Age we saw the rebirth of this style of combat starting with Pride Fighting and then Ultimate Fighting Championship.
The combatants use many of the same techniques that were used in past ages, from grappling to striking.The similarities of the old fighting are not without contrasts. In ancient times they used weapons and sometimes deaths did happen. Modern day mixed martial arts is strictly regulated with judges and medical doctors. Injuries are not as severe as they previously were but blooding your opponent until they can no longer fight is still a staple of the sport. Most of the modern day fighters train in both striking and grappling styles. The wrestling style comes from the old Pankration style and striking is a mix of boxing and a form of martial arts.
Unlike the two Pankration styles of fights, mixed martial arts fights combine standing and wrestling styles inside a metal cage or octagon the fighters are in. These fights are normally 15 minutes long consisting of three five minute rounds. If a fighter doesn’t win by submission or knockout the judges will have to be the decider. This also goes back to the Roman fight where most fights were either 15 minutes or to the death. If a fighter was killed during a gladiator match his handler would receive compensation for what the fighter was worth. References
Compare and Contrast extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology
The game of football is widespread around the United States. The subject of college football versus professional football includes a topic of many debates among football fans across America. Each individual has their own opinion on which they prefer. There are many similarities, of course, when comparing college football to the NFL. First and foremost, the same basic rules of the game apply. Teams are comprised of similar members, with similar duties.
For instance, each have a quarterback, receivers, defense players, offense players, and so forth. In both college and the NFL, the competition between fan’s and rivalry remains intense. Fans within each division favor certain teams and incorporate enthusiasm. Fans may sport hats or wigs, also even painting themselves to represent their favoritism. By the design of the game, whether it is college or an NFL game, fans are thrilled by an action-packed experience. Differences among college football and the NFL are attributed as well.
One of the primary differences includes that professional football players are paid high salaries. Although some may argue that college players are awarded scholarships that may be portrayed as a salary, it slightly compares to the pay of a professional player. In addition, there are more teams within the NFL rather than college teams. Also, professional games are longer; along with a difference in the overtime rule. While a college overtime rule seems fairer than the NFL overtime rule, the NFL strategizes in a better way.
The NFL overtime system provides the coin toss, while the college over time system does not. The biggest problem pertained with the college overtime system has to do with field position. The teams start in the field goal range; this makes an easy sack of the quarterback. Also, starting in the field goal range makes it difficult to gain yards with hope of a 3 point win. In my opinion, I enjoy both college football and the NFL. Although there are a few differences, both games provide the same exciting and thrilling experience of the game of football.
Examining Different Arguments Related to the Choice admission college essay help: admission college essay help
Next, list one that you heard that had a big logical error in it, but which you still thought was important. The two most compelling arguments I heard that affected my decision were that every company needs IT people and there would be a multitude of opportunities. The one argument that I heard that had a big logical error in it, but which I still thought was important was that an IT degree was too limited in scope for much advancement in business situation. Were there any errors in truth with that argument? Describe what those errors were, and what made them errors. Overgeneralization was used often. This was the main error with the argument. There were many facts missing and much of the information was oversimplified.
This was because many pieces of information were missing for someone to be able to decide upon a career field. What about errors of validity? Remember, these are errors in reasoning – and they’re a little harder to understand! Tell me if there are any errors of validity in this argument. The manner in which the information was given to me constitutes errors of validity. The students were trying to help me find the information that would help me select the major of my choice. The information was presented in a biased view point, encouraging me to pick their fields. Revise the argument so that it removes all errors. Restate it in a way that is logically sound.
Once I revised the argument, it was easiest for me to determine that one should consider all of the questions they have when they are deciding on a certain field of work. The Health and Human Service field solves problems and figures out how to deal with situations in the best way for everyone. A person entering into this field would be able to see the tangible results of their help once they have completed a degree and begun working. Take a little more time on this one. What it was that led you to choose this degree concentration. Describe both about how you evaluated the arguments and also about what you valued most. I chose this degree because my degree will add on to the experience I already have. This field is appealing to me because it is something I enjoy doing.
When we were evaluating arguments, I determined that the students were giving me biased information because they were only encouraging me to pursue a degree in their field of study. When I was able to see all of the different options for each concentration, that aspect was the most helpful because it was unbiased and showed me advantages and disadvantages to each concentration and the correlating field. Assessment Part C: How to Evaluate an Argument Outline the steps for properly evaluating an argument. Step 1: State your argument fully and clearly. Step 2: Examine each part of the argument for errors affecting truth. Step 3: Examine each part of the argument for errors affecting validity. Step 4: Revise the argument to eliminate any errors. © 2011 Toolwire, Inc. All rights reserved.
My Bike Accident Experience and Avoiding It free essay help online: free essay help online
How I injured myself riding a bike Philip Martin Westwood College How I injured myself riding a bike What this memory is about is when I went to visit my grandma and took and old and rusted bike to a friend house; against my better judgment and was injured when the bike finally broke down. Now before I begin this tale remember this happened several years ago and I was maybe 11 years old.
I was visiting my grandmother’s house and at the time there wasn’t anyone around to play with. With no one around to play with I decided to go over to the house of a friend that I made in a previous visit.It was ridiculously hot outside that day, so hot that I could crack an egg and put some bacon on the asphalt and it would fry just like it would on a stove. With it being so hot outside, I decided to forgo walking, and began to look for an alternate way to get there. At first I tried to get a ride from my grandmother but she was too busy; so I thought it over and remembered that there used to be a bike in the backyard. I went to see if it was still there. I found the bike but it was not what I expected.
It was a mountain bike and from what I could tell its original color was blue but over the years from exposure to the elements it had faded. From the look of just the chain and the cycling gear alone its once silver finish now stained red-orange with rust. It did not look like it would be of use. Despite my earlier observations and common sense telling me not to even get on the bike, I decided to use it to get to my friend’s house. To my surprise the pedals actually moved and it didn’t immediately come apart under me.Even though the bike worked and held my weight, it was still hard and felt like was riding through 2 feet of molasses instead of on pavement. I rode the bike for about ten minutes until I arrived at my friend’s house.
I looked around at the front yard of his house to see it had been unmanaged but sometimes yards get like that because of where one lives. I walked up to the door and knocked; waited about 3 minutes for someone to come to the door when I looked over and saw a for sale sign up. I guess they moved since last time I was here; I should have called first.Dejected, I got back on the bike to head back to grandma’s house; that was when the trouble started. I rode for maybe two minutes when I heard a snap and felt extreme pain in my leg, I fell off my bike. Despite the pain I was in the first thing I did when I got my bearings was to look at the bike to see what happened. It was the chain; it had broken.
Once I knew what happened I looked at my leg and saw that my socks were stained red with blood and followed the blood trail up my leg to where the pain was really coming from.It was a very deep cut, like one you would see if someone was stabbed with a large knife and pulled it out. It was bleeding pretty badly and I tried to stand up to walk but the pain was too great and I fell to the ground again. As I was thinking on what I could do to get back to grandma’s house, a man came out of the house that I was in front of to solve that problem for me, he said that he heard the scream that I made as I fell. He called my grandma and she took me to the hospital where I got stiches put in to close the wound.There were a lot of things that I could have done to prevent this injury from happening: call ahead to see if my friend was home or even still lived there, walked there instead of using the bike, not go because I was supposed to be visiting my grandma, and tell my grandma where I was going so when I got hurt she would know where I was. One of the most important things that I could have done was use my common sense and not gotten on that bike when I saw that it was heavily rusted.
The Lucky One by Nicholas Sparks my assignment essay help london: my assignment essay help london
The young camper is named Logan Thibault, and although a check reveals no wrongdoing on the stranger’s part, Clayton does not like him.
His hatred is intensified when, after letting Logan continue on, Clayton can’t find his camera and he discovers slashed tires on his vehicle. What sequence of events brought Logan to North Carolina? He fought in Iraq as a marine. On his third tour of duty, he discovered a photograph of a beautiful young woman at a county fair. When no one claimed the picture, he kept it. Soon, he began winning at poker.He also managed to survive the deadliest war battles. Could his friend Victor have been correct when he said that the woman in the photo was Logan’s lucky charm? After he leaves the Marines, Logan experiences a profound tragedy that spurs him to find the mysterious woman in the picture.
He can deduce a few clues from the photograph, so he takes his German shepherd, Zeus, and begins walking with only a pack on his back. When he finally reaches Hampton, North Carolina, immediately after his encounter with Deputy Clayton, he has a feeling that he is nearing the end of his quest.Sure enough, when he shows the photograph to locals, they inform him who the woman is: Beth Green, a schoolteacher and mother who lives with her grandmother at the family dog kennels. They also warn him that Beth is off-limits; she has an ex-husband who no one wants to mess with. When Logan finds Beth, she is taking care of her grandmother and her son, Ben. Grandmother Nana is a colorful character, a woman who remains strong despite her age and a recent stroke. Ben is a sweet, smart child who is belittled by his father for not being athletic.
Ben’s father just happens to be Deputy Keith Clayton. Nana hires Logan to work at the kennels. Even as he draws closer to the family, he is unsure why he is there. He finds himself unable to tell Beth about the lucky charm photo, especially when he learns that Beth’s beloved brother Drake was also a Marine in Iraq and died there. How can he talk about being lucky when Drake was so unlucky? Meanwhile, Beth and Logan can’t resist their attraction to each other. But Clayton is determined that his ex-wife will not have a romance with Logan Thibault.A heavy rain caused the area to flood, and due to stress, Ben retreats to his tree house not realizing how severe the storm was.
The tree house was rickety, and fell apart with Ben inside. Logan and Keith are on the way to rescue him but the rain was so heavy, the whole area was flooding with rushing water. In a daring rescue to save Ben’s life, Keith dies while Logan and Ben survive the scary ordeal. The ending is bittersweet, with Keith dying while trying to save his son.
Burned by Ellen Hopkins admission essay help: admission essay help
Ellen Hopkins wrote this novel about a girl who grew up in a Mormon household, and is beginning to think that this is not a lifestyle she wants for herself. With an abusive father, lazy and passive mother, and constant conflicts with the Mormon teachings and beliefs, she refuses to give in to that way of life. She refuses to ever become property to a husband who she is taught to “obey” or a baby producing machine. With her new resilience and want for a normal life, it angers her father.
He sends her to live with his estranged sister for the summer, but what he doesn’t realize is that he’s giving her freedom and a chance to live. She learns to love and that life as she knew it was never a life meant for her. Hopkins’ book shows the life of a Mormon girl; Pattyn Scarlet Von Stratten. Pattyn is tired of the Mormon lifestyle and rebels against her family and the rules of her home and church. Her father spends most of the time drunk and angry and her mother has a whole household to take care of.After Pattyn gets in a fight and breaks a window, her family has had enough of her rebelling so they send her to live with her Aunt, out in the middle of nowhere, for the summer, so she can no longer get in trouble. It turns out that she has fun on her stay with her aunt, she learns how to drive and ride a horse, and meets the love of her life.
She fell in love with Ethan, the son of her aunt’s friend. He is not Mormon and her father would kill the both of them if they were together. After returning home things start to go bad again. She mouths off to her father and gets beaten.She takes the rap for something her sister does, and gets beaten to save her sister. She also learns that she will have Ethan’s baby. Like all of Hopkins novels, Burned also has a tragic ending.
Ethan and Pattyn get in a car wreck and she wakes up in the hospital to learn that she lost Ethan and her baby. In the end she says that God could not be love because love was a corpse, because she lost the love of her life, and the only thing remnant of him. The book leaves you with the vision of Pattyn sitting above a busy highway, about to take you own life.
Distrigas Corporation free essay help: free essay help
Q1. As per the provided information the Gas Utility companies pays a base commodity charge of $. 3359 plus a peak usage demand of charge that is $4. 63 per Mcf multiplied by the total demand during the maximum take day in the last 12 months which is 240 in this case. The cost per MCF can be derived by the below formula (Commodity Base Charge * Total Demand) + (Peak Usage Demand Charge* High Peak in 1 day* months in year) This will translate into ($ 0.
3359*30,700,000 Mcf)+ ($ 4. 63*240*12) = $ 23,646,530By substituting the appropriate values in the formula we arrive at a cost of $ 23,646,530. This cost is then divided by the total demand over 12 months of 30. 7 Bcf or 30,700,000 Mcf to arrive at an average cost per Mcf of $ 0. 7702 which is a 125% increase over the base charge $ 0. 3359. Similarly in a scenario where the peak demand is equal to the average demand of 84109.
59 Mcf we arrive at an average cost per Mcf of $ 0. 4881 which is a 45% increase over the base charge of $ 0. 3359. Q2.In order to determine the excess amount of gas that had to be bought from Distrigas we made an assumption that the demand was not normally distributed and in order to normalize it we removed the deviation of 18. 66 from the average of the independent demands over the three months to arrive at a normalized value of 178 (rounded off). The assumption is that the gas Utility companies will buy gas from Distrigas only if the demand goes aboce 178.
Following this methodology the gas utility company will need to purchase 1801 MMcf from Distrigas to fulfill the peak demand.Filtering days that had excess demand we arrived at 74 days that required the Utility gas company to purchase gas from distrigas. The first phase of that purchase has to be from December 7th to 25th January and the second phase of the purchase should be from 5th February to 28th of February. The annual cost of the policy is attained by the total excess demand ( 1801 MMcf) multiplied by the cost per MMcf of $ 1660 to arrive at a cost of $ 2,989,660. By taking the average of the two cost per Mcf from question 1 we know that the cost per Mcf for regular gas supply is $ 0. 63.The amount of regular gas supply is derived by reducing the Distrigas excess demand gas supply from the total annual demand.
These numbers are then used to arrive at a total cost of $ 25,248,978. 26 which results in a savings of $ 252,140 over using pipeline gas. Q. 3 Utility gains from the competitive price rate offered by Distrigas Corporation of $1. 66 per MCF when compared with the pipeline emergency gas rate of $1. 80 per MCG, which makes Distrigas price rate substantially cheaper than the pipeline gas rates. Utility is charged an excessive penalty for going above their planned gas volume by the gas providers.
We can evidence this by simply comparing the prices during the peak demand, which is actually more than the average demand with the peak demand being the average demand. Calculating the Cost of Gas: Cost of Gas = (Base Commodity Charge)*(Total demand) + (12)*(4. 63)*(Peak 1 day demand) (Shown in table 1 Annual Cost Analysis) It should be an easy decision for utility to use Distrigas as its emergency gas provider when daily volume of the gas exceeds 178 MMCF (derived after taking the average of the demands for the three months and then normalized the demand variation by taking the Standard Deviation).With the given demand forecast numbers; utility will end up buying 1801MMCF of gas from Distrigas. We thought that using the concept of location pooling from risk pooling strategy would best suit this case study. We backed on this strategy because the objective of the risk pooling strategy is to redesign the supply chain and to either reduce the uncertainty the firm or to hedge uncertainty so that the firm is in a better position to lessen the consequence of uncertainty. This will convert into cheaper end consumer pricing.
Location pooling is best suited for single product as it can be used to decrease the inventory while holding service constant, or increase service while holding inventory cost, or a combination of inventory reduction and service increase. However, the proposal A for Distrigas would cost only $29,376,000, or savings of $252,140. The annual cost of Distrigas policy is $21,172,397. 19. Distrigas strategy should be to maximize on its competitive rate and endeavor itself as a cost leader, promising speed delivery, reliability and meeting the right quantity when needed the most, all at most cost efficient rate possible.To be cost efficient it needs to operate economically such as storing the right amount of gas needed. It has to improve on its storage and deliver the gas in the best cost efficient using the right mode of transportation possible.
The biggest threat could be when consumers like Boston Gas decide to build their own storage facilities and therefore start sourcing directly from the pipeline-gas providers, to be stored for usage during peak season. Q4. Proposal A: Slow Build up Strategy – In this proposal infrastructure will be built and machinery and trucks purchased to allow Distrigas to slowly build up inventories at the customer location.This strategy includes building a satellite tank which will serve as a reserve for the gas that is brought in by Alozean. It takes 250 days to build up inventories to satisfy peak demand. This model requires 6 trucks to carry the gas over the 250 day period. Field tanks will need to be built at the customer location in order to hold the gas that will service the peak demand and this will cost $ 25.
1 Million. This is one of the disadvantages of this strategy. The upside is that only 6 trucks are needed to operate on this strategy.Implementation of this strategy requires a total capital investment of $ 29. 376 Million and yields positive cash flows of . 325 (because of annual depreciation charges and tax rate of 50%) which shows that the project at a cost of capital of 9% has a Net Present Cost of $ – 26. 33 Million.
Proposal B: Quick Build up Strategy – In this proposal peak demand for the Utility companies will be built by quickly sending gas to the companies based on peak season demand forecasts. This strategy will require 128 trucks to fulfill demand within a 10 day period.
International Leagal and Ethical Issues in Business cbest essay help: cbest essay help
Make everyone involved that has any superior role aware of the problems that need to be address immediately. Start with a board meeting with the CEO. Inform this person and then set a plan of action as whom and how this needs to be addresses. Next bring in the directors and managers and explain the news and start a plan of correction immediately, explain that blame can be placed at a later time, but that at this stage of the game order and resolve takes presidents. Discuss how this all started in terms of how was it not brought to the attention sooner and dealt with.
Also discuss the magnitude of the problem (Shanker, 2011). Get to the bottom of whether the policies and procedure were in place or just flat out ignored. Make decisions on who will control the media and whatever interviews or news broadcast to spin and control the situation with the public and employees. How would you specifically notify customers of such occurrence? In order to have more control over the situation and the handling of how it is informed to customers who may have bought the defective product, I would order a mass recall.
With a mass recall you can supply the public with information on what to expect with the defective product as well as how the company is working to correct the problem. This allows the customers not to want to abandon the company in the future and advocate to the customers that your company can still be relied upon for quality products in the future. The goal is to insure the safety of the customers and let them know that they can trust the company now and in the future because they didn’t hide info, but figured it out and did everything in their power to regain the confidence of its customers.
After you have ensured your public and customers of their safety and that the company is addressing every need for their customers. You work on building your companies image back up. In order to do this, you have to work from the bottom up, but it does have to be a collaborative effort none the less. What kind of internal action would you take to prevent future problems? In order to ensure that future problems don’t repeat itself on the same issue you would need to take another look at your policies and procedure.
By doing this it will allow you to find the loop holes and the areas that need updating and improvements (Shanker, 2011). It will also be a way of holding people more responsible in the future because of the redesigning of the policies and procedures. When you make all the necessary changes you will then be able to hold the right person or persons accountable for problems and errors. Keep in mind that employees should not only be expected to act in an ethical manner but should understand the ethical stance that the company takes in relating it to staff.
Everyone sees ethics in their own accordance and not always agree in which the manner of the company in their choices ethics (Anthony, 2011). I believe that when you have employees partake in setting policies and procedures that they tend to follow them better because they have a say in how it is put together. By giving your employees a vote and listing to their ideas for setting these policies you make them more understanding as to what is expected of them and their responsibility to the customers.
And if the CEO, directors, and managers all have a responsibility to the supervisors and employees in making a work environment a more ethical then everyone has a position and understanding on how important it becomes. Keeping in mind the fact that without these standards in place you stand the chance of the company losing money because productivity would be much lower and customers won’t buy, therefore losing money resulting in employees not having a job (Shanker, 2011).
What can be done to ensure that a strong sense of business ethics permeates your company? I see this as being a social responsibility of the leaders. You do this by implementing different training sessions for the employees (Anthony, 2011). If you show the employees what is expected of them and how to conduct themselves in an ethical manner you stand a better chance of the employees setting higher standards of themselves. Also this will give employees a better understanding of what the company considers ethical as well as unethical.
In some cases you have to keep in mind what is considered to ethical to you may not be to someone else who has not had training in this structure. If managers leads by example and use what they have learned in training, then teaching the employees in these lessons of ethical and unethical by demonstrating examples of this to enhance the expected behavior then it will enforce a bond of confidence between managers and staff. Managers have to keep in mind that they are role models and what they do sets an example for future behavior (Anthony, 2011).
Come up with different ways to show employees in their training sessions of ethical and unethical behavior. Set up games and scenarios to implement the distinction of the two. Make training a quarterly procedure. This way you have the chance to track issues and put together manuals that employees can add to and reflect back on in their own time. It helps them guide new employees as they come aboard (Anthony, 2011). The whole point is to create a better work environment and keep problems like earlier discussed from happening in the future.
No one is perfect and error and problems will occur, but how you handle them and what you do to rectify them is what will becomes key in any business. Catching them early on before they affect the business is the best problem solving method available for managers and employees. Keeping communication open can only benefit the future of the business and its employees as well as the safety of the customers. References American Intercontinental University Online (AIU, 2011).
Judas write my essay help: write my essay help
Si Judas ang nagkanulo kay Hesus amen. Question: What is the meaning of Judas Iscariot? Iscariot means ” man of kerioth” a city of Judea. Kya sa grupo tanging is Judas ang outsider dahil Judean siya Judas was named “sicariot” a member of the party of the “sicaril” this cames from the greek word for ” assassin”. So bago pa maging Judas sya ang name nya sicariot, Judas Iscariot could have been the Judas the ” terrorist” So, si Judas ay treasurer, present sa lahat ng pagtitipon lalo sa pangagaral ni Hesus amen.
Lahat po tayo ay may kahinaan, aminin man natin o hindi alam ng Dios ang lahat sa buhay natin. Kaya gnoon nlang ang bilin satin ng Dios. Remember that satan used our weaknesses to defeat us! Kayang kaya ni satan na pabaksakin nya tayo, at alam niya kung saan area ng buhay natin iyon,Kaya magpakatapang kayo, labanan nyo ang Diablo at sya ay lalayo sa inyo( james 4:7) amen!! At lagi natin hingin sa Dios ang kalakasan sa araw araw upang mapagtagumpayan natin ang mga pagsubok natin sa buhay, sbi nga sa Phil 4:13 ‘ I can do all things thru Christ who strengthen me” kaya manatili tyo naka connect sa ating Panginoon, amen!!
Conclusion: ginamit ni satan si judas dhil nakita nya ang kahinaan nya sa pera, ang tanong, ano ang kahinaan nyo?? Hahayaan ba natin gamitin ni satan ang mga kahinaan na iyon o magagawa natin palakasin ang espiritual natin upang maging malakas tayo, sabi sa biblia, “ for I am weak you are strong” let the Lord overruled you, hindi ang kalooban natin kundi ang kalooban ng Dios ang masunod satin amen! Let us pray
Hopes and Dreams common app essay help: common app essay help
Hopes and Dreams Essay 1 Dreams are what make this world what it is today. Joining the military right out of high school and beginning my family caused me to put my hopes and dreams on hold. To dream is to live and we dream in our personal life. Dreaming in advance of what we want in life assures that we are alive. My hopes and dreams are to for fill my expectations of completing my degree and to overcome my fears and concerns, My expectations of being a college student and completing my degree are very simple.I expect to do very well academically and succeed in completing my degree.
My hopes are to retain the information learned and to refresh what has been taught earlier so that I may utilize the information in the future. To display growth in development of a desirable learning objective while spending time with the curriculum. Furthermore, my expectations include improving and developing problem solving skills, to realize and develop more knowledge in computer and writing to be better prepared with skills to function successfully in a diverse society such as our.Secondly, my fears and concerns are not being able to complete my work successfully due to time constraints and because I currently work twelve hour rotating shift. What I fear the most is fitting in to the classroom setting as an adult. Other fears and concerns that come to mind are will I fit in, commitment of time, attending class with younger students and will it take up much of my time.Finally, after weighing these expectations, fears and concerns I thought of my hopes and dreams and decided to go for.
I will do my best to give one hundred percent while continuing my present job in an effort to support my family as I have always done. I hope and I dream therefore, I know that I am alive. It is true that many dreams may not come to pass, but there is a light at the end of the tunnel if there is courage and belief in one’s self. Dreams are what make the world what it is today.
Management of Information Systems rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help
The experience of Toyota and other companies described in this text will help you learn how to make your own business more competitive, efficient, and profitable. As part of its ongoing effort to monitor quality, efficiency and costs, Toyota management saw there was an opportunity to use information systems to improve business performance. Technology alone would not have provided a solution. Toyota had to carefully revise its business processes to support a build-to-order production model that based vehicle production on actual customer orders rather than “best guesses” of customer demand.
Once that was accomplished, Oracle e-business software was useful for coordinating the flow of information among disparate internal production, ordering, and invoicing systems within the company and with systems of retailers and suppliers. By helping Toyota build only the cars customers have ordered, its vehicle order management system reduces inventory costs, because the company and its dealers do not have to pay for making and storing vehicles customers did not want.
Value must be added through complementary assets such as new business processes, management behavior, organizational culture, and training. The complementary assets and organizational and management capital provide the necessary business culture that values efficiency and effectiveness, decentralized authority, highly-distributed decision rights, and a strong IS development team. 11. Distinguish between a behavioral and a technical approach to information systems in terms of the questions asked and the answers provided.
What major disciplines contribute to an understanding of information systems? A behavioral approach to information systems focuses on questions such as strategic business integration, behavioral problems of systems utilization, system design and implementation, social and organizational impacts of information systems, political impacts of information systems, and individual responses to information systems. Solutions to problems created by information technology are primarily changes in attitudes, management, organizational policy, and behavior.
A technical approach to information systems emphasizes mathematically-based models to study information systems and the physical technology and formal capabilities of information systems. Students should know the differences between computer science (theories of computability, computation methods, and data storage and access methods), management science (development of models for decision making and managerial practice), and operations research (mathematical techniques for optimizing organizational parameters such as transportation, inventory control and transaction costs).
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill my assignment essay help london: my assignment essay help london
The cleaning process was said to have been very difficult in many ways. The workers that were in charge of the clean up ran across several problems that ranged from the frequent changes of the tide; covering the rocks with more oil to the long term damages of the fish marine and wildlife. Ethical Issue / Conflict In this case you will find that there was a great deal of ethical concerns that ranged from the companies late response to the oil spill to the way that they choose to deal with the compensation that was agreed upon between the company and the victims involved .Even though Exxon argued that they handled the matter responsibly by acting in a timely manner and paying each claim in the amount of nearly $3 billion dollars, there were a whole host of scientist and environmentalist who believed that the company should have paid even more.
Affected Parties There were a great deal of human communities as well as wildlife and marine that were affected by this oil spill. Several years after the oil disaster there have been reports that most of these communities have not fully recovered from the damage.With this kind of disaster, affecting such a mass environment , the economy and other industry related jobs collapsed into a failing ecological ruin. Consequences and Reforms Shortly after the oil spill, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. This law basically stated that there was to be no further drilling and that all vessels would be prohibited from operating in the Prince William Sound Region. Exxon argued in a legal matter in order to convince the Federal Government that it was in-fact safe for ships to enter the Alaskan waters.Exxon felt as if the decision was just targeting there company and never would have been in effect if it wasn’t for their unfortunately incident.
Exxon continued to dispute the governments decision by claiming that the bill was unfair. In 2002, the Court of Appeals ruled against them which prevented 18 ships from ever making it to the Prince William Sound Region. Economic and personal impact In 1991, The Alaskan Native Corporation filed for bankruptcy.There were several studies done that determined that the spill caused a lot of short term as well as long term damage economically. There was a loss of recreational sports, fisheries, stocks of salmon, herring and reduced tourism . Several residents as well as the former mayor were said to have committed suicide after the spill. Conclusion If there is one thing that we can all learn from this disastor is that when any company engages in such unethical acts , you can almost always expect consequences to follow .
This shows that any company currently involved in any kind of unethical enviromental practices should be prepared to face a lot of public distrust as well as costly litigation. Today we are still learning lessons from the Exxon Valdez spill because of the recent BP environmental disaster in the Gulf . Various methods, techniques and technology are now being designed to prevent these oil spills from ever happening again . References Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council . Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Plan .
Informative Speech Outline for Drums free essay help online: free essay help online
Drumming! A history of drums and drumming from past to present. General Purpose: To inform the class about the history of drums and drumming. Specific Purpose: At the end of my informative speech, I would like everyone to understand where drums came from and how they are used today. Thesis: Drums give the world of music rhythm. Without drums and drum beats, I believe that music today would not be as good as it is currently. Introduction: A.
How many in here like to listen to music? How many actually focus on specific parts of a song? Have you ever stopped and really listened to the drums?B. The relevance of this is that everyone loves music. Drumming is part of making music. C. I’ve been very interested in drumming for many years. I’ve played drums in many bands, and have spent countless hours researching drum kits, the history of drumming, how drums are made. D.
The 4 main points I’d like to make are: a. 1. ) Where did drumming originate? b. 2. ) How did “modern” drumming begin and what is considered a modern drum set? c. 3. ) Why is it important to know what kind of wood drums are made of? d.
4. ) Why drums are important to music today? Body:A. My first point is to explain where drumming most likely began (What are some,” ). 1. In reality, it’s almost impossible to determine where the drum originated. According to one website, drums “originated in West Africa, probably around the 9th century in the Mali Empire. This family of ancient drums is generally referred to as the dunun, and includes the doundounba, the sangban, and the kenkeni.
2. “The doundounba is the largest of the three, and as such plays deep, resounding notes, usually spaced widely apart when played in conjunction with other drums.The sangban is the middle drum, and usually takes on the rhythmic role in a dunun ensemble. The kenkeni is the smallest of these ancient drums, and is usually played rather quickly in a simple pattern. The dunun drums are played with a stick, usually with all three being played by one person, and often with a bell as part of the set. ” B. My 2nd point is to explain how “modern” drumming began and what a modern drum set is (“Ringo starr,” ).
1. Modern drumming really began a band from Liverpool, London. You can probably guess this band (The Beetles. Ringo Starr, drummer, was one of the first drummers to be televised playing a rock song with a modern drum set. 2. What is a modern drum set? A modern drum set consists of a bass (or kick) drum, 2-3 toms, 1 snare drum, a hi-hat and 1-2 cymbals. C.
My 3rd point is to explain how the type of wood affects the sound of the drums (“Drum shells explained,” ). 1. How do you decide on the type of wood for your kit? a. Mahogany gives you the lowest tone out of the 3 woods. Keep in mind that this has to be high quality mahogany, like African mahogany.
“the Effectiveness of Teaching Moral Values to Elementary mba essay help: mba essay help
ABSTRACT Nowadays, we need the improvement in intensity and quality of character building implementation in formal educational institution. This claim is based on the growing social phenomenon, namely the increasing juvenile delinquency in society, such as brawl and various other cases of moral decadence. These phenomena are obviously not expected to happen in our society.
Therefore, the formal education institutions which are functioned to create the younger generation is expected to increase its role in the formation of personality of students through increased intensity and quality of character education.Since the reformation of our national curriculum, we have been developing new methods in building the students’ character, which we know better in schools as character education. It has been applied to the national curriculum method which turns around developing “good character” in students by practicing and teaching moral values and life skill. Moral values and life skill can be taught in a fun way using the media such as music, specifically songs which has a good moral values and life skill.This paper reports the effectiveness of using character development songs in teaching moral values and life skill in SDN Adiarsa III Karawang. The samples taken will be only the 6th grade students. Data are collected through interview and classroom activity.
The study reveals that the effectiveness of using character development songs in teaching moral values is unexpectedly successful, though there are some difficulties in organizing the 6th grade class which are great in number.This study is expected to give contribution to those who are planning to conduct a research on character building in English Language Teaching (ELT). Research Question 1)How can songs as a media in CTL of ELT be implemented in teaching moral values? 2)The students’ response to the use of character building songs in CTL of ELT to teach moral values to the 6th Grade students in SDN Adiarsa III Karawang. Background Nowadays, the need of improvement in intensity and quality character ducation implementation in formal educational institutions is increasing. This idea is based on the growing social phenomenon, namely the increasing juvenile delinquency in society, such as a mass brawl and various other cases of moral decadences. These phenomena are obviously not expected to happen in our society. Therefore, the formal education institutions which are functioned to create the younger generation is expected to increase its role in the formation of personality of students through increased intensity and quality of character education.
Before we discuss further about the need of character education nowadays, it is better to know the definition of character itself. The Sage’s English Dictionary and Thesaurus defines character as “the inherent complex of attributes that determines a person’s moral and ethical actions and reactions”. American Dictionary of the English Language defines character to be “the stable and distinctive qualities built into an individual’s life which determine his or her response regardless of circumstances”.Abraham Lincoln once said that, “Reputation is the shadow. Character is the tree. ” Our character is not just what we try to display for others to see, it is who we are even when no one is watching. Good character is doing the right thing because it is right to do what is right.
Nancy A. Wood (2008) defines character as an evaluation of a particular individual’s moral qualities. It can also imply a variety of attributes including the existence of lack of virtues such as integrity, courage, fortitude, honesty and loyalty, or of good behaviors or habits.When someone is a moral character, it is primarily referring to the assemblage of qualities that distinguish one individual from another. Character building is the way to strengthen one’s character by molds oneself into a productive person within one’s sphere of influence. Developing such personal qualities seems as a purpose of education. Character building in school, we call this term as character education, is applied to the national curriculum method that turns around developing “good character” in students by practicing and teaching moral values and decision making.
On the other word, character education is an investment system of the character values to the citizens of schools that include components of knowledge, awareness or volition, and actions to implement those values (Bila Nastiti, 2010). As Theodore Roosevelt expresses that to educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace society. His statement implies that if we want to make students good at not only cognitive aspect but also have a competent in moral aspect, we should educate them in a pleasurable condition. Songs are one of a pleasurable media to teach moral values in English subject.English teachers can use songs as part of their classroom teaching repertoire. Larry M. Lynch (2010), states that songs contain authentic language, is easily obtainable, provide vocabulary, grammar and cultural aspects and are fun for the students, especially to Elementary students.
The 6th grade elementary students somehow will enter Junior High School later. This is a stage of adolescence for them. According to Ghifari (2004), adolescence is a group of people who are leaving childhood full of childhood dependency and towards the establishment of responsibility.Therefore, teaching moral values through education is important to be implemented in early education, as well as an early preparation for them to face their adolescence later. This research titled “The Students’ Response to the Use of English Character Building Songs in CTL of ELT to Teach Moral Values to the 6th Grade Students in SDN Adiarsa III Karawang”, is carried out to see how the students response to the implementation of using character building songs in teaching moral values to them.In order to accomplish this purpose, the writer conducts a teaching simulation of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) using songs as a media in English Language Teaching (ELT) and wrote their responses through interview to conclude how the students response. The writer also purposes to see how songs as one of a pleasurable media, can be implemented to teach moral values to the young learners, specifically to the 6th grade elementary students.
Beh 225 Assignment Diagnosis and Treatment get essay help: get essay help
Assignment: Diagnosis and Treatment Beh 225 July 10, 2011 Assignment: Diagnosis and Treatment According to the American Psychiatric Association, there is a fifteen percent prevalence of mental disorders in the United States.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive, is a mental disorder. Symptoms of bipolar disorder include extreme highs and extreme lows with periods of normal mood in between. Manic symptoms are being extremely active, talkative, distractible, unlimited hopes with no follow through, aggression, hostility, and violence.Depressive symptoms are feeling overwhelmed and worthless, loss of interest, insomnia, loss of concentration, and suicidal thoughts. Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death in the United States. Roughly, 29,000 people commit suicide each year. Bipolar Disorder can create marital and occupational problems as well as financial dismay.
Mood disorders are thought to be caused by nature and nurture. Biological factors that may lead to a bipolar episode are chemical imbalances in the brain, hormonal imbalances, and inherited traits.Physiological factors that may lead to a bipolar episode include maladaptive cognitive distortions. The text defines this as “an illogical and maladaptive response to early negative life events that leads to feelings of incompetence and worthlessness that are reactivated whenever a new situation arises that resembles the original events. ” (Morris and Maisto,2005) Studies suggest that women are two to three times more likely to have a mood disorder than men. Being diagnosed with bipolar disorder is a lifelong and reoccurring illness. There are different types of bipolar disorder.
The symptoms of bipolar I are severe mood swings from manic to depressive that lasts at least seven days. Bipolar II occurs when mood swings are less manic, or hypomania, and shift back to depressive. When one’s symptoms are not determined to be either of these the disorder is called bipolar disorder not otherwise specified. These symptoms are not as fierce as the I and II characterization. Cyclothymiacs is a mild form of bipolar disorder. These milder forms of symptoms continue to shift over the course of two or more years. When a person has four or more episodes a year they are referred to as a rapid cycler.
Although the onset of this disorder usually occurs in the twenties and thirties some children are also diagnosed. Children are more likely to be diagnosed early if they have two parents with the disorder. The child’s odds increase up to seventy-five percent in some cases. Many bipolar patients self medicate with drugs and alcohol. This action can trigger or prolong the symptoms. Bipolar disorder patients are at a higher risk for many diseases. These diseases include heart disease, diabetes, obesity, migraines, and thyroid disease.
When one suspects they have bipolar disorder, a doctor needs to be consulted.The doctor will perform a physical examination, interview the patient, and order testing. There is no test for bipolar disorder but these tests will rule out other ailments. After reviewing all tests and lab reports a mental health evaluation will be preformed. Family history will be taken as well as interviewing the family of said patient. Bipolar patients tend to seek help in the depressive state rather than the manic state. This disorder is treated with medications and psychotherapies.
Over the course of treatment, several medicines may be tested. The first choice of treatment is a mood stabilizer.The FDA approved lithium in the 70’s for treatment of mania. In 1995, the FDA in treating mania approved depakote. Recently, the FDA in treating bipolar disorder approved an anticonvulsive medication. Anti convulsive medicines are lamictal, neurontin, topomax, and trileptal. Atypical antipsychotic, or second generation, medicines are also used occasionally.
These medicines are zyprexa, abilify, seroquel, risperdal, and geodon. These medications relieve sudden and severe mania symptoms. Anti depressants are used in treating the depressive side of bipolar disorder.Prozac, paxil, Zoloft, and wellbutrin are all examples of anti depressants. Mild side effects to medicines include headache, rashes, and heartburn. These side effects usually go away as one get used to taking the medicine. Serious side effects can occur, as with any medicine, such as tardive dyskinesia.
This is uncontrollable muscle movement, usually around the mouth, that needs to be discussed with a doctor. In addition to medication, psychotherapy is recommended. These therapies include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and social rhythm therapy.
Theme of Hope in Shawshank Redemption law essay help: law essay help
An important theme in Frank Darabont’s film The Shawshank Redemption is hope. The film demonstrates that hope is a good thing and shows the consequences in having and lacking hope. It is important that Darabont’s film showed the theme of hope as it us also important in our lives today because having or lacking in hope affects people personally, nationally and worldwide. In our everyday lives we are presented with cases of people having hope through our own or someone we knows personal experiences and on the news. In most cases, hope is portrayed in a positive light as it helps people get through tough situations.
The film makes its viewers think about how having or lacking hope can effect out lives in reality and makes them conclude that having hope is a good and important thing. In The Shawshank Redemption demonstrates how hope is an important thing to have. We are introduced to Andy du Frense, Red Redding and their fellow prison inmates. Throughout the film Andy has a peaceful and positive disposition and this is because he has hope. Whilst having a conversation with Red, Andy talks about his dreams of what he is going to do with his life when he gets out of prison.Red responds negatively, claiming that “hope can drive a man insane”. Andy replies saying “Hope is a good thing, maybe the best thing and no good thing ever dies”.
This demonstrates that Andy has hope. A consequence of Andy’s hope is that he manages to escape from prison by tunneling through the wall of his prison cell and crawling out a 500 yard sewage pipe to freedom. The Shawshank Redemption shows how hope is a good thing to have as Andy escapes prison because of his hopes to have a nice life outside of prison in a place with no memory, by the Pacific Ocean, Mexico.Having hope is an important thing for individuals to have because it helps them cope and even survive in tough situations. An example of how hope is important for individuals is when an adventurer – Aron Ralston – was canyoneering and went down a rock face where a bolder moved and trapping his arm. Aron showed hope because instead of giving up and waiting to die he was hopeful hat he would survive. He managed to free himself after amputating his own arm.
As a result of his hope Aron Ralstonsurvived. From learning about Aron’s and is experience, we see that in dangerous or life hreatening situations hope is crucial and essential, as with hope comes the will to live. Therefore hope is a good thing to have in our lives as it can help save individuals. An example of how hope can affect a nation is the Christchurch earthquakes in New Zealand. IN September 2010 Christchurch was struck by a strong earthquake measuring 7. 1 on the Richter scale, leaving thousands of residents with injuries, without homes and hundreds of casualties. These people demonstrated hope, as although the region is still recovering and receiving numerous after shocks weekly, they still are remaining positive and hopeful.
As a consequence of the people of Christchurch’s hope, people all around the world and New Zealand are wiling to give aid to e people affected by the earthquakes . Also because of Christchurch residents hope that the earthquakes will stop, the majority of them have chosen to stay in the region and help recover their city. With hope comes positivity. Although the people of Christchurch have been affected terribly by the earthquakes they are still positive because of their hope. This shows how hope can be a good and important thing for nations today to have.Organization like World Vision and Oxfam demonstrate how hope is an important and beneficial thing o have world wide. These organizations give hope to people in poverty.
World Vision and Oxfam dedicate their time to showing the world underprivileged and poverty stricken countries and help encourage everyone to help out the people. These organizations give hope to he underprivileged people as if people donate money and help out the underprivileged they will improve the quality of their lives.The underprivileged having hope is a good thing as they will be happier, positive and will have better lives. Hope is demonstrated in real life through many different situations from personal incidents to worldwide events and disasters. These situations show us that hope consequently brings positivity, happiness and survival. This means that hope is a very important thing to have when facing life’s hard situations. The Shawshank Redemption encourages its viewers to think about hope and therefore learn that it is an important thing to have in reality.
King Jewels: Ethical Leadership in Practice narrative essay help: narrative essay help
Ethical Leadership in Practice Discuss how the leadership style may have contributed to unethical behavior.
In the world of greed, I think people tend to forget what the words leadership mean. Leadership means being a good role model for your peers, being able to guide, lead and direct them in the right direction. In the case of King Jewels Clement Tam failed to do so because he let his power take over he responsibility to be a great leader for the company. King Jewels was just a mom and pop jewel store owned by Andy Wong and his wife for 20 years during the 1985.The business later expanded from Hong Kong to China in the 1990’s. Sells had been booming in the last ten years. According to Mr.
Wong a good vision and direction were critical leadership qualities. Mr. Wong always said, “You do not achieve commitment to, or an understanding of, a company’s vision and mission without actively pursuing and practicing it at every opportunity”. This statement is very powerful meaning you should live up to your business vision and mission statement on a everyday basics(The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008).Wong had a vision on how he wanted his company to expand over time. So, he hired his close friend and right hand man Clement Tam who was primary responsible for worldwide gem sourcing. He also was both operations director (overseeing the whole company) and head of the sourcing department.
Tam Wai Man who was Tam’s sister was the accountant for the company. Chan Ming was head of business services including wholesale and retail businesses. Lastly, Jonathan Ho, head of production and authentication, he was in charge of the company’s manufacturing operations and gems authentication in China.Ho was known for his efficiency and decisiveness, and occasionally criticized by his staff for having a dictatorial leadership style and making decisions without consulting his colleagues (The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008). Everyone has their own way of leadership style but when in powerful positions you should always be the one to follow policies and procedures because in the long run it can cost you problems in the end. Discuss how the proper segregation of duties could have prevented Tam from fraudulently sourcing the gems. I think Mr.
Wong went wrong for hiring his right hand man and so forth.The whole senior management for this company is either family or friends. This can create a hostile working environment if they every get into a conflict at work or outside of work, which is not good for the business. I think if the proper segregation of duties were put into play I think it still would have been potential fraud involve. My reasons for saying this is because Mr. Ho is known for his style of leadership so even if the gems went though the proper process he had the final say in with gems were to be picked. Mr.
Ho is known for making decisions with consulting with his colleagues.So, overall I think so fraudulent activity would have went down one way or another. Discuss the company’s compensation plan contributed to the deceptive behavior. In this particular business the cash flow was booming. Everyone was buying jewelry from teens to elderly people. Their biggest cliente was women of all ages. I being a woman myself do know that women love to shop for nice things jewelry being one of them.
This company was making billions of dollars so I can only imagine that the pay and annual bonuses were nice as well. Like I said earlier people will do anything possible for greed.Even if the employees were aware that fraudulent activity was taking place I don’t think any of them would have been whistle blowers because of the compensation they were getting off the company’s profits. Discuss how the culture may have influenced the employee’s attitude towards exposing Tam. In the Chinese culture in many ways the family unit takes precedence over its individual members. Children must learn not to answer back to their parents or other elders. It is assumed that the family as a whole will thrive and prosper if harmony prevails at home.
In other words the basic rules of obedience, moderation and self-restraint amongst family members should be observed Chinese Values). In most cultures children are taught not to disrespect parents or elderly people. In Chinese culture they are very family oriented they believe in sticking together like most cultures do. But other cultures only believe in lokking out for self and not as a whole. Once one person get little bit of power they low down on others instead of having the next person out to get were they are.In other words the the employees could have been teenagers working part-time making the jewelry and because respecting parents and elderly is real big in the Chinese culture; they may been afraid to tell on Tam. It seems like in the Chinese culture if you put your family to shame then you will be punished for behavior.
How would you recommend Wai Man proceed? I recommend that she do further investigation on her brother and uncle. Once, she has enough evdience she take the evidence to Mr. Wong. From there Mr. Wong should notify the board so they can do their own investigation on the company as a whole.
Power & Influence my assignment essay help: my assignment essay help
Influence is any behavior that attempts to alter another person’s attitudes and behavior (text book of OB). 4. Types of influencing others. The type of influence tactic used tends to vary based on the target. For example, you would probably use different influence tactics with your boss than you would with a peer or with employees working under you. Upward influence [(Top management (subordinate)]: Upward influenceupward influenceThe ability to influence your boss and others in positions higher than yours. , as its name implies, is the ability to influence your boss and others in positions higher than yours.
Upward influence may include appealing to a higher authority or citing the firm’s goals as an overarching reason for others to follow your cause. Upward influence can also take the form of an alliance with a higher status person (or with the perception that there is such an alliance). For example: Both Asian American and Caucasian American managers report using different tactics with superiors than those used with their subordinates. Managers reported using coalitions and rationality with managers and assertiveness with subordinates.
Other research establishes that subordinates’ use of rationality, assertiveness, and reciprocal exchange was related to more favorable outcomes such as promotions and raises, while self-promotion led to more negative outcomes. Influence takes place even before employees are hired. For example, ingratiation and rationality were used frequently by fire fighters during interviews. Extraverts tend to engage in a greater use of self-promotion tactics while interviewing, and research shows that extraverts are more likely to use inspirational appeal and ingratiation as influence tactics.
Research shows that ingratiation was positively related to perceived fit with the organization and recruiters’ hiring recommendations. Peer/Cross influence- [Co-workers (co-workers)]: Peer influence occurs all the time. But, to be effective within organizations, peers need to be willing to influence each other without being destructively competitive. There are times to support each other and times to challenge—the end goal is to create better decisions and results for the organization and to hold each other accountable.
Downward influence- [Subordinates (Top management)]: Downward influencedownward influenceThe ability to influence those in positions lower than yours. is the ability to influence employees lower than you. This is best achieved through an inspiring vision. By articulating a clear vision, you help people see the end goal and move toward it. It is found that, the better the quality of the relationship between the subordinate and their supervisor, the more positively resistance to influence attempts are seen. 5. Tactics/Strategies of influencing others.
When powerholders were more competent compared to their targets, hard influence tactics improved group performance; when they were not, hard tactics impaired group performance. Dissonance theory correctly predicted the effects on the powerholders’ evaluation of the targets and the self (Klocke, 2009): Powerholders using hard tactics devalued the competence and cooperativeness of their targets, while at the same time enhancing the evaluation of their own. Self enhancement was also found when influence tactics had been incongruent to the powerholders’ power base (harsh tactics based on expert power or soft tactics based on position power). This, probably, was due to its threat to self adequacy. 1. Is it possible for all to exercise upward influence?
As complexity grows, the need for this upward influence grows as well—the ability of one person at the top to know enough to make all the decisions becomes less likely. Moreover, even if someone did know enough, the sheer ability to make all the needed decisions fast enough is no longer possible. This limitation means that individuals at all levels of the organization need to be able to make and influence decisions. On the flip side, allowing yourself to be influenced by those reporting to you may build your credibility and power as a leader who listens. Then, during a time when you do need to take unilateral, decisive action, others will be more likely to give you the benefit of the doubt and follow. 2.
Successfully McDonald’s english essay help online: english essay help online
McDonald’s has successfully created a brand/name for itself as the leading fast food retailer in the world. It is somewhat of impossibility for one to not come across a McDonald’s with over 30,000 local restaurants in over 100 countries (McDonald’s, 2011). Those restaurants are owned either by a franchise owner or a corporation; a percentage of all the earnings from a franchise owner, including a percentage from their annual revenue go to McDonald’s. McDonald’s has successfully met the demands of its customers by gradually adding to their menus.
Breakfast meals, hamburgers, chicken, salads, salads and even desserts are provided by the restaurants which aids in the success of McDonald’s. The organizational structure for McDonald’s will be provided over the course of this presentation as well as an evaluation of its organizational functions and an analysis of organizational design. Organizational structure “The McDonald’s Corporation has a divisional structure, which is made up of a board of directors, a chief executive officer and vice chair at the top levels of the corporation.
The board of directors consists of the CEO and vice chairman, the president and chief operating officer, and group of independent directors. McDonald’s Corporation’s Board of Directors is entrusted with, and responsible for, the oversight of the assets and business affairs of McDonald’s Corporation in an honest, fair, diligent and ethical manner” (McDonald’s Corporation, para. 1, 2011). There are several advantages and disadvantages of divisional structure. The divisional structure focuses the attention of employees and managers on results for the product, the customer, or the geographical area.
Hotel and Total Quality Lead college application essay help online: college application essay help online
Statement of the Problem Santino, Bendita together with their children traditionally attend Easter brunch. Bendita made a reservation to the hotel for about three weeks. Then, they arrived 20 minutes advance for them to assure that they will be seated early, but the hostess said that they didn’t have any reservation.
The hotel did not list the reservation of Bendita. There’s a problem with the hotels accommodation. Solution The hotel employee must talk to the guests politely.I think it’s the hotels fault; maybe the telephone operator who talked with Mrs. Bendita did not record the reservation. They must record every single details of what is happening in the hotel. In Mrs.
Bendita’s case they must apologize for the inconvenience of what had happened, and give another accommodation so that the guest will not get so upset. Recommendation Every hotel wants to reach their goal; the satisfaction of the guests. If they didn’t achieve it, try to learn how to accept errors and then continue for the improvement.Be optimistic and open minded for the good of your company. 1. Were the hostess’s actions consistent with a customer – focused quality philosophy? What might she have done differently? * The hostess did not talk to the guests politely, and after that she just turned to other duty without giving apology to the guests. They just reacted when they received a feedback from Santino, by sending Santino a letter.
2. How could you have reacted to the letter that Santino received?Could the Total Quality Lead have responded differently? What does the fact that the hotel manager did not personally respond to the customer tell you? * If I’m Mr. Santino, I will accept the fact that they did not recorded our reservation, but I’ve noticed that they didn’t apologize for that inconveniences, they must say sorry even though it’s not their fault, because they’re in a hotel, they must implement being hospitable and humble in their guests.
African Social & Political Thought extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology
In this essay, my focus will be on Julius Nyerere and his approach to the idea of African socialism. Julius Kambarage Nyerere was born on the 13thof April, 1922 in Butiama in then Tanganyika (Tanzania). As President of the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964; he had a difficult course to steer. He believed that the new states of Africa were one and that they faced the problem of rapid economic development and the creation of new ideas based on African experience and heritage. How to achieve these objectives according Nyerere was the greatest challenge of African leaders.
He came to the conclusion that socialism was the solution to the socio-political problems faced by African states and Tanzania in particular. He believed that development is liberation from the shackles of colonialism and that it was two ways, personal and social. Personal in the sense that the individual must develop himself, hence self-reliance. The foundation of Nyerere’s political philosophy was the principle of Ujamaa, derived from the Swahili word for extended family or ‘Family hood’, which was first articulated by Nyerere at Arusha popularly termed as ‘The Declaration of Arusha’ on the 5th of February,1967.
Here the term socialism was taken to mean basically ‘an attitude of mind’. To him Ujamaa was an expression of the natural African condition and that Africans need not be converted to socialism than we were taught democracy. He believed that Ujamaa was the natural path for the emancipated new African state to follow, a path that will ensure development because it is the African way of life, and the content of his mental disposition. The socialism of Nyerere laid stress on equal opportunities for all and the need to reduce social inequities.
As he stated: ‘The objective of socialism is to build a society in which all members have equal rights and opportunities; one in which all can live in peace with their neighbours without suffering or imposing injustice, being exploited; and one in which all have a gradually increasing basic level of material welfare before any individual lives in luxury’. By this he meant that the African society was poor before colonialism. There were no distinctions between rich and poor.
Wealth was shared equally according to our African values and wealth was not a deciding factor but what was important was the use to which it was put. In addition to raising the standard of living, he believed that socialism should aim at developing a particular quality of life which is people centered. It is only through the development of people rather than things such as roads, buildings and agricultural production that people’s true freedom and human dignity can be preserved. He said: ‘A new road extends a man’s freedom only if he travels upon it’.
Here Nyerere was talking about the fact that socialism was supposed to be some kind of service to mankind regardless of race, color, size, ability or skill, which he also extended to the participation of government, where development required the participation of the people in the planning and decision making process pertaining to their own development. He believed that exploitation is based on private ownership of the means of production by individuals which are evident in capitalist system of government, where there is a continual conflict between man and man.
In a nutshell, Nyerere conceived of development in terms of a more equitable distribution of wealth and the absence of exploitation. He saw development also as not confined exclusively to increasing economic production and productivity but includes all round development of the people in terms of their education, health, housing, childcare and the like and above all the achievement of a particular quality of life which is people centered.
In the area of achieving self-reliance by African states particularly Tanzania, Nyerere developed an educational philosophy which could be approached under two main headings; Education for Self-reliance and Adult education. His interest in Self-reliance shares a great deal with Gandhi’s approach to ‘Basic Education’. There was a strong concern to counteract the colonialists’ assumptions and practices of the dominant, formal means of education, which he saw as enslaving and oriented towards ‘western’ interest and norms.
It was designed to transmit the values of the colonizing power and to train individuals for the service of the colonial state. It induced attitudes of subservience, human inequality and individualism, and emphasized white-collar skills. The context of colonial education was largely alien and the entire system was organized by racial segregation. For Nyerere who was once a teacher himself, he believed that education had to work for the common good, foster co-operation and promote equality.
He asserted that the school curriculum should go hand in hand with de-emphasizing the import of formal examinations which merely assesses a person’s ability to learn facts. He said it was necessary for African states to abandon examinations that are geared towards an ‘international standard’ regardless of the country’s particular problems and needs. It should contribute to the integration of theory with practice, as well as the integration of mental with manual labour.
Theories on How Children Develop and Learn writing essay help: writing essay help
Sigmund Freud – he suggested that there were three parts that made up our personality: the ‘id’, the ‘ego’ and the ‘superego’. Not all of these parts are present at birth but develop with the child. The Id – this is the instinctive part of our personality, influenced by drives and needs of the body such as hunger, pleasure etc. The id does not consider how meeting our desires and wants will affect others. Freud suggested that babies have the id only when they are born, hence baby will cry and cry until it is fed, regardless of how tired the carer is. The Ego – works out how to meets the id’s needs in the best way.
It develops from the id in the first few months. Babies learn that by smiling in some situations they are more likely to have their needs met, whilst in others it is better to cry. The Superego – it develops later in childhood and is that part of our personality that gives us our conscience. It tries to control ego. It consists of two elements: the conscience and the ego-ideal. The conscience will punish ego if it misbehaves. This is source of our guilt. The ego-ideal will reward the ego if it shows good behaviour. This is source of our pride and confidence. Freud’s work has been criticised as it has not stood up to scientific scrutiny.
However, his observations into the link between our unconscious actions and our mind are still seen as useful. humanist Abraham Maslow– he came to conclusion that people have certain needs which have to be met before they could begin their potential or ‘self-actualisation’. His needs are hierarchical and all of them must be met before a person can achieve self-actualisation. If the basic needs were not met, they would create a deficiency in the person. He suggest that in order for us to feel fulfilled we need to reach a state of self-fulfilment in which we may achieve our highest potential.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: Physiological needs – consists of needs for oxygen, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion. They are the strongest needs. Safety needs – consist of security of: body, employment, resources, morality, the family, health, property. Adults have little awareness of their security needs except in times of emergency or periods of disorganization in the social structure. Children often display the signs of insecurity and the need to be safe. Belongingness and love needs – consist of friendship, family, sexual intimacy. Maslow states that people seek to overcome feelings of loneliness.
This involves receiving love, affection and sense of belonging. Esteem needs – this involves self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, and respect by others. When these needs are satisfied, the person feels self-confident and valuable as a person in the world. When these needs are not met the person feels weak, helpless and worthless. Self-actualisation – it is personal growth and fulfilment. Maslow believes that the only reason that people would not move well in direction of self-actualisation is because of obstacles placed in their way by society.
Case Analysis of Hong Kong Disneyland essay help services: essay help services
The park was the first American park in Chinese territory. Hong Kong was a prime tourist destination for a large number of people from the mainland. Disney focused on people from mainland, the local residents and international tourists. The culture of Hong Kong differs from the mainland and the local residents were infamous for their low patience and different tastes for entertainment. Since it’s opening, the park has been in news regarding the operational problems associated with it.
The issues with Disneyland were primarily due to Operations, Marketing and Finance. Based on their previous experiences, Disney left no stone unturned to ensure flawless operations but in spite of that there were some operational issues that tarnished the Disney brand after its opening. Overall Disney failed to gauge the Chinese market and provide a park that was unique in nature and different from the other parks in the region. Service Concept
Hong Kong Disneyland was expected to serve 5. 6 million visitors for its first year. To facilitate thousands of visitors to park, like other Disney parks, Hong Kong Disneyland adopted service factory concept, to take the advantage of its scale and employ less expensive unskilled workers to provide low customization service. As the park ran with line flow process, the operation was highly efficient with the costs greatly reduced. To differentiate tself from other theme parks, Disneyland kept its distinctive competence while building park in Hong Kong, those include cartoon characters, theme park structure/ attractions, efficient operation of theme parks, customer service value and so on. They are the unique capabilities that Disney possesses, allowing it to gain advantage over the competition. Hong Kong and China mainland were perceived to be the major tourist markets for the new park. Learnt from the failure in Euro Disneyland, Disney paid attention to observe Chinese culture.
It planned park in Hong Kong through careful consultation from a local feng shui master; the costumes of Disney characters were modified to suit Chinese tastes; it offered various Asian foods besides American burger to make visitors from all over the world feel at home; in addition, the park had trilingual staff speaking English, Mandarin and Cantonese. Overall, Disney was willing to change the “peripheral” of its service to adapt to Hong Kong. Issues and Recommendations Hong Kong Disney land got lukewarm response since its opening.
The attendance rate just could not reach a satisfactory level. A lot of issues have been identified. These service related issues according are analyzed with operations strategic decisions P(I)CQW 1. Process issue As service factory concept was used by Hong Kong Disneyland, generally the park provides a standard service at less flexibility with low cost labors. However, to be a order winner, the park has to differentiate itself from other theme parks. Customized service should be provided. Disney should turn its service to mass customization so as to satisfy different group of customers.
Hong Kong Disneyland should consider adding environment and sustainable operations to its process. One way is to adopt ISO 14000 standards. It not only helps to solve the problem like fireworks pollution and human rights complaint but also provides Disney social advantages and financial benefit. 2. Quality issue Hong Kong is known for its fast life where people were infamous for their impatience. This was a tough challenge for Disney’s form operations point of view since this meant that any sort of operational issues were unacceptable.
Like during the Park preview, the management had to apologize for the arrogant attitude of its American staff. Disney University should customize its trainings to provide quality service towards Asia customers. Meanwhile, more quality control should be introduced to improve service quality. 3. Capacity issue The actual number of visitors per year never hit the expected number. However, sometimes the park still got too crowded and had to prevent visitors from coming in. During Chinese New Year in Feb 2006, hundreds of people with valid 6-month ticket could not enter the park.
It led to chaos and further eroded Hong Kong Disney’s image. Generally this is due to poor capacity planning. Disney tried to boost attendance rate, but neglect its peak capacity. It should smooth demand relative to available park capacity. 4. Workforce issue Employees complained the unfair and inhuman treatment from the management. The 5000 frontline “case members” had to wear heavy costumes and worked long shifts of 11 to 13 hours per day under a chaotic shift system.
Yet they had to accept the unfair salary calculation compare to that of US Disney parks. The management should reconsider frontline staff welfare and try to boost staff morale. Under Service Profit Chain, satisfied and loyal employees are far more productive thus to generate more service value to customers. Customer satisfaction drives customer loyalty. And loyalty is the key determinant of company’s profitability 5. Other issues Location Location is one of the key determinants of business success.
Unfortunately, Hong Kong Disney’s direct competitor – Ocean Park, has a much better strategic location – it locates conveniently at the central of Hong Kong Ireland, easier to access to populations. To counter this weak perspective, Hong Kong Disneyland should offer 1-way free Mass Transit Railway service (approximate 5% of ticket price) for the visitors during weekdays (capacity planning). Public Relation The public relation of Hong Kong Disney was proved to be a nightmare. Public criticism never stopped ever since its construction – environmental problems, human rights issue, violating laws, arrogant American staff and so on.
These criticisms could negatively impact attendance, foil the reasonable attempts to solve the problems of the park, and it could make it difficult to obtain financing for future expansion. Hong Kong Disney should abandon its American pride and be modest to fit into Chinese culture. Conclusion Disney is a services organization and by its very virtue the services provided are intangible. In such a organization customer dissatisfaction is the biggest worry since any sort of issues will pass through the word of mouth and Disney could soon lose out more faster than it has earlier anticipated.
In the short run Disney should focus on service recovery approaches by regularly collecting the customer feedback and focusing on the operational issues highlighted through the survey. A more effective strategy would be to turn customers and employees into stakeholders by getting a sense of belongingness with the park. People are the biggest assets of a service organization and Disney should look after the well being of its employees. Disney should use a differentiation strategy in the Chinese market along with that Disney should aim at providing an entertainment with education.
That can be: setup a Disney school to teach kids drawing, dancing or stage performance. This will be a strong selling point as Chinese parents often focused enormous attention on their children’s education. It is aware that the sugary world Disney offered might be a little out of step with children. At the planning of Hong Kong Disneyland, the park featured four themed “lands” that mirrored those of Disneyland in Anaheim. The attractions mainly targeted families and kids, and only a few for Teens & Adults. Now days, children are more sophisticated and independent.
More attractions for Teens & Adults should be built. Disney should work towards reviving and expanding the park; Government should inject more capital into the project and allocate more land to make the park bigger and less crowded. Disney should aim for unique attractions which are only available in Hong Kong. This is to counter the competitiveness of its future competitor Shang Hai Disneyland which is four times bigger. A part of the additional capital should be used to make the operations more effective and drive the ticket prices down.
Autobiography of Rizal best essay help: best essay help
On July 6, 1892, he was arrested and put in prison at Fort Santiago. On July 15, 1892, he was exile to Dapitan where he stayed for four years. In Dapitan he practice his medical profession, he treated the sick people and guiding the right of living. He encourages people to open up school and make their places safe and beautiful. Dr. Jose P. Rizal was again arrested on September 3, 1896 while on his way to Cuba to serve as a volunteer surgeon, and was sent back to the Philippines. On November 3, 1896, he was imprisoned and put him in jailed for the second time in Fort Santiago.
On December 26, 1896, after a mock trial, Dr. Jose P. Rizal was sentenced to death, accusing him for the alleged spreading the ideals of the revolution. Before his verdict was consummated he made a great patriotic poem “MI ULTIMO ADIOS,” to serve as an inspiration for the succeeding generations. On December 30, 1896 Dr. Jose P. Rizal was shot to death at Bagumbayan (now Luneta in Manila). Dr. Jose P. Rizal is a man of Honor; he had many accomplishments, a polyglot, a novelist, a poet, a scholar, a scientist, a doctor, a painter, an educator and a reformer.
Manifesto to Certain Filipinos computer science essay help: computer science essay help
As I read Rizal’s “Manifesto to Certain Filipinos” I have sighted his consistency and unalterable pronouncement of his firm stand apropos of insurrection deemed as a final, justifiable and only means plotted by his fellowmen; the Filipinos. The extent of the letter is a declaration of his firm stand and detestation of insurrection as a movement; he deemed one as such to be discouraged and never to be considered as a justifiable means to obtain independence.
We have judged rightly that indeed he is an improbable person to have any schemes that shows his admiration of a drastic and disastrous reform. His words reflected on the lines mirrored his resistance for drastic change in the Philippine setback. As a person, Rizal was a pacifist by nature. He refuses to delve in matters hinting a want for revolt for which both party will suffer great casualties despite what profit and glory they may grasp in the end. And Rizal was never more right in believing so, for nothing benefited out of irrational and radical force was anymore than undignified nobility.
We are right then to have proclaimed Rizal as the Philippines’ hero, for hero’s are not only the ones who have bravely died for what they cherished to believe, but for what they have modeled for people to believe that despite any setback and cruelty we could trounce the likes of which in a diplomatic and dignified way where no adversary can ever gainsay. Rizal is not only a man with first-class decisions and answers; he is also superior in giving solutions to the social cancer brought about by Spanish imposition.
I greatly admire his way of finding education as a first step towards independence; it was a simple answer of providing leverage and advantage for his fellowmen who are entitled to fit such solution. Education was to enlighten them on the best course of action to be taken when the time comes when they have finally grasp what it means to be totally free of a bondage that has maimed them for centuries. credential donate I believe, especially in our prevalent circumstances, that the Philippines is both independent and not.
We could still see strings attach to our government and economy that wanted us not to stray from American rule, we were dependant no less of them than we were hundreds of years ago, despite the given joy of finally being free from Spanish tyranny. But never the less, Rizal was not shortened for his admirable deeds that somehow it cured our fickle minds and ignorant ways. I could never forget Rizal for his bravery to have at least gave his all for the country he considers more precious than his life, he was no less a true Filipino and a well-deserve hero.
Short Story and Author Aida Rivera-ford get essay help: get essay help
Give the gist of the short story. | Aida Rivera-ford present in her “Love in the Cornhusks” how the love story of a former housemaid and a tractor driver ends. Tinang gave up her work as her lover, Amado, deserted their workplace. She’s then married to Inggo whom she gave their first Bagobito. Ford uses flashbacks effectively in highlighting each character and situation being shown.
The story takes place over a period of 3 hours or more; with this time Tinang affords to get her former mistress’ approval on becoming his son’s godmother at his baptism ceremony. Also from her mistress, she knew that a letter from Amado was send for her stating an excuse for his departure an d his true love for her. But it was too late. She is now having her own family. The story suggests that every decision making should be inspired by truth. | The author constructs “Nanking Store” with a couple who suffers from their marriage life because they can’t produce a child.
Due to that problem conflicts between Linda and her in-laws begin. Peter had two sons from a Bisayan bar girl. But he died one day in a vehicular accident on his way to Santa Ana. After that Linda’s mother in-law become more hostile to her but she persisted to stay at Nanking Store. The enmity between the two grows worse. Until one day her in-laws fly to Manila with Peter’s two sons. Linda bears a child from the mestizo driver. She also flies to Cebu to visit her parents after fetching Oliver. | 2. Who is your memorable character in the stories? Tinang has been a memorable character to me since I have finished reading the story. She leaved a beautiful reminder to me through her love story; impulsive decision should be avoided through weighing things with the correspondence of truth. | Linda has been a memorable character to me after reading “Nanking Store”. She played the role of a wife being persecuted by her in-laws. But she endured hardship. | 3. Discuss the point of view used by the authors in the stories. Was it effective? Explain. | In the short story “Love in the Cornhusks,” author Aida Rivera-Ford uses the omniscient objective point of view.
She puts her pen work in a digital video. Every emotion, scene and setting was all well played by her choice of words. | In the short story “Nanking Store,” author Macario D. Tiu uses the first person point of view. He uses effective and lively dialogs to portray every character. Every emotion, scene and settings were all well-played by his choice of words. | 4. Elaborate the conflict that arose in the stories. Was the use of flashbacks helped resolved the conflicts? Explain? | The conflict in the “Love in the Cornhusks” arose in the leading character’s struggle in overcoming pain.
Isom Research Paper Proposal melbourne essay help: melbourne essay help
The project objective In our project, we are going to study the legendary instant messaging computer program ICQ in the users’ point of view. We will study the history of the ICQ, including how it was developed in 1996, how it evolved and how it was gradually replaced by other programs and become less popular nowadays. We will use some of the other instant messaging computer programs to compare with ICQ on the aspect of information transfer but still the main focus will be on ICQ.
We find that it is interesting to acquire unfamiliar knowledge about Information System through taking a closer look of ICQ—the once hottest software in our computers with which we grew. Also, ICQ surpassed email in providing a platform for us to exchange information instantly, however, the one which was phased out when time passed was ICQ, not email. It is tricky and we would like to discover what kinds of factors leading to this particular result. Being the pioneer of instant messaging computer program, ICQ’s rapid disappearance, compared to others, seems ironic and interesting to us.
There are two focal questions in our project. The first question we aim to address is why ICQ would be so successful and popular at the very beginning among the other earliest instant messaging computer programs. The second is to explain the reason why ICQ failed at last and replaced by many other programs, like MSN or QQ. This requires us to find out the drawback of ICQ. On the other hand, what are the comparative advantages MSN or QQ have over ICQ can also be the answer to our question. Research paper outline In our research paper, we will first introduce ICQ by discussing what it is, what people can do with it.
Then, we will talk about what kinds of technology are being used in ICQ. By understanding the working principles involved behind, we can know more about how information is distributed among people. In the second part of the research paper, we will analyze the reason of diminishing number of ICQ users by consulting different parties. At the end, we will explain the implication of the failure of ICQ and what people can learn from that. Data acquiring – (a) Basic information about ICQ For conducting the research, our group plan to use both primary and secondary data.
To know more about the background of the development and the change in popularity of ICQ, we think that using secondary data is the most reliable method. Information provided on the Internet like Wikipedia, Yahoo and Google will be our sources and also we will try to contact with the ICQ company see if we can get any information from them – the number of ICQ frequent users, their distribution among the world and their current marketing strategy for example. Data acquiring – (b) Users’ thoughts In addition, we will conduct a survey to see the instant messaging computer program users’ feelings about ICQ.
We plan to deliver 200 questionnaires to them. In our questionnaire, we will ask our respondents about what instant messaging computer program they are using and to see if they have used ICQ before. If they have changed from ICQ to other instant messaging program, we will ask their reasons for that and how do they feel about ICQ. After conducting the survey, we will analyze the data and derive implication from the result. We hope that we can find out the reasons for the failure of ICQ and the criteria of maintaining popularity of an instant messaging computer program.
The Animal in Horror and/or Sci Fi devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help
The animal in horror and/or sci fi. Piranha 3D (2010) The piranha hunt in packs. The first bite draws blood, blood draws the pack. (Mr. Goodman – Piranha 3D) It is no doubt that humankind have always thought themselves to be on top of the food chain. It is all about the survival of the fittest and although the humankind may not be able to out-run, out-swim or over-power certain animals in the animal kingdom they are able to invent devices which may assist them in being on the “top”.
There is always a fear that the hunter would be the hunted. This fear is reflected in movies involving animals because most horror movies involving animals include a reversal of the power relations between human and animal. (Scholtmeijer, 1992) This essay will analyse the human-animal relationship as well the representation of animals in the movie Piranha 3D. Piranha 3D is a movie about prehistoric man-eating fishes which were set free by a sudden underwater tremor, bringing together a group of strangers in a fight for survival.
The movie reflects on the struggle that humankind have in maintaining the dominant upper hand in the role of the hunter and hunted. Horror movies are created to invoke an unsettling emotions of fear and disgust from the audience. Many film makers opt for the shock factor though means of the unknown. This is why horror movies often interlink with other genres such as thriller, fantasy and science fiction (Carrol, 1990: 15). Ideally, to create a horror movie the film will touch on the audiences weakness, such as nightmares, fears, disgust and terrors of the unknown.
In a general sense, the human race often fears what it lacks knowledge of. Although in a general sense, horror movies are associate with serial killers, supernaturalm surrealism and so on, these elements are often associated with the intrusion of the evil forces and the fight between good and evil (Ibis : 25). To effectively have an effect on the audience, the horror movie would then have elements of ones everyday world. Animals have often been used in horror movies, perhaps due its supernatural characteristics.
We think we know these animals but there are so much more that needs to be known. The familiarity yet the potential of the animal still being alien to us threatens us as being on top of the food chain. The human race often tries to keep the balance of the master and the mastered, when this balance is tilted the human race often even with our differences find a way to come together to overcome this power struggle. An example would be Stephen Kings “Cujo” (1983), the animal-monster in the movie is a rabid St.
Benard who terrorises an advertising executives wife and son, causing them to be trapped in their car, hungry and dehydrated for days at a time. The advertising executive husband, even though angry with his wife’s infidelity worried when she did not return any of his calls, travel back from his meeting to finally rescue his family. The movie closes with all three of them huddling together, forgiving each others shortcomings and reuniting as a family. Animals in horror movie often have the purpose of being very explicit rather than visual.
The human nature often is curious of what is placed at “the other side”. Animal horror movies are more often than note, packed with vivid visual effects that are either curious in nature or gory. The challenge is usually placed on the human “victims” to confront and eliminate these animal monsters. If the metaphor of animals in horror movies a representation of a disruption of human social events, then the struggle and triumph that is portrayed in these movies shows the stubbornness of the human race to give in to these disruptions.
The socio-political theory of animals in horror can be shown in many ways, the most common would be a fear of a disruption on ones environment. This can be a fear of a war invasion, an evolution in the animal species or the human race losing it’s place as the “smartest mammal”. The psychoanalytic theory however, is with regards to the general audiences state of mind. This type of usage for animal horror movies often involves the repression or the annihilation of abnormal or a deviant nature. This is relatable to subjects such as the werewolf, in the movie Wolfman (2010).
This movie shows the struggle of Sir John Talbot (Anthony Hopkins) who plays the father and the werewolf in this horror-thriller movie. One of the more memorable quotes in the movie is said by the gypsy Maleva who said “Even a man who is pure in heart and says his prayers by night, may become a wolf when the wolfbane blooms, and the autumn moon is bright. ”( IMDB, 2010). As often seen with animal horror movies, the plot leaves an open space for further sequels, it is also worthy to note that Richard Dreyfuss, one of the actors in Jaws 1978 appears and is the first victim in Piranha 3D .
Piranha 3D is in fact a remake of the 1978 film of the same name. The storyline may be slightly different but the concept is recognizable, what separates the original piranha and Piranha 3D is perhaps the excessive crude and gory scenes that goes beyond the 1978 horror flick. The excess of naked women in the latest Piranha 3D also acts as a lure to the current generation of audience who has in all probability seen everything, it is definitely not for the squirmish. Regardless of one’s religious belief, every one of those religion are linked to the animal species.
Example, the dove was mentioned numerous times in the bible, either as a symbol of sacrifice or as a symbol of hope (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 2011), the Egyptians had Gods with animal characteristics and heads (Hussein, 2009), and Charles Darwin believed that the human race evolved from apes (Williams, 2009). This relationship stems from the fact that human beings existed with animals and has grown a relationship that has been re-defined through the ages.
The study of human-animal relationship can be seen throughout the American Literature, stories and poems of this unique relationship can be seen from Edgar Allen Poe’s poem “The Raven” to the amazing animals in Rudyard Kiplings “Jungle Book”. These relationship can clearly be seen, the writers use the animals as symbolism in their stories and these symbols are used to portray different things and different messages. The human race love the animal species, we name them and take them as part of our family, but then at the same time, we use them as objects.
The human-animal relationship work as long as there is lack of confrontation. The moment there is conflict or ‘touch’ , the human race overcome the conflict, the fear of the unknown by mastering it (Ibid). This confrontation and the wrestle of power can be seen throughout the whole movie of Piranha 3D. Adrian Franklin mentions in his book that although we treat animals like a part of us, new behaviour to our pets or to any other animals stems from new tensions in relationships between humans, this in particular the longer term and domestic as well as community relationships. (Franklin, 1999:5)
The human race takes the animal species as a challenge, this is due to the similarities and differences that they have with us. Like us, they have a bond with each other and their own language to communicate with each other. The similarities that the human race have with animals, regardless of species is nothing but amazing. One part of the movie in Piranha 3D shows two women swimming underwater fully nude, except for flippers under the boat. They swim suggestively and artfully, almost flowing like a fish. This shot almost seems mermaid-like and perhaps shows a co-relation with the environment around them.
Their mannerism seems to imitate the fishes (not piranha’s) that they are swimming with. This part in the movie showed how close the human-animal relationship is, however while the animals are so similar to the human race, they are still many more things that are lost in translation. In the end, the human-animal relationship exist because of this paradox. (Fudge, 2002:7) The older views on human-animal stems from the early anthropocentric views where it was their God-given right to use animals as to how they deemed fit. There was a metonymic relationship as well, human beings were no long using animals as a means to survive but also as game.
The rise of dog-fighting, cock-fighting and bear-baiting increased. Unfortunately, this was the beginning of a slow separation of the human-animal relationship. The human race still depended on animals for food, clothing but as urbanisation and industrialization increased, the human-animal relationship evolved to a more metaphoric relationship. This relationship showed the clear separation and distinction between animals and humans. (Fudge, 2002:8) As the human race evolves, there are still traces of the human-animal relationship that the humankind once had with mother nature.
An example would be to use certain animals to represent something symbolic in a certain culture. The usage of dragon imagery was not only used by Asians but also by their western counterparts. Although the symbolic meanings are different, there is a clear relationship between the particular culture to the dragon. In Asia, namely the Chinese, Koreans and the Japanese, the dragon symbolises power, strength and good luck whereas in the western hemisphere of the world, the dragon is considered evil. Another clear relationship between human-animal is the usage of the animals image in a club, association, or team.
The usage of the animal image is not only used in terms of making a particular animal a mascot to their team, club or association but the personality and characteristic of the animal would be used to describe the team. Mascots are often used by sports teams as a representation of the spirit of the animal. It is norm for the team to seek the ‘fighting spirit’ of the animal which is considered dominating or predatory in nature. In some cases, these mascots are chosen because of the relevance it has with the region of the sports team.
Some example would be the Australian Cronulla Sharks, a rugby team who got their name from the beach side suburb where there sharks are located. (Baker, 2010) The symbolism of the piranha’s in Piranha 3D could be seen as a metaphor for the human concerns and anxiety that is occurring in the human social world. The effect of the movie is very similar to the the effect of the movie Jaws when it first came out in 1975. The revival of Hollywood adventure films in the 1970’s could have been seen as wild animals causing obstacles in the human progress (Ingram, 2000:89).
Like the movie Piranha 3D, the 1978 movie “Jaws” gave a misrepresentation in the ethology of these aquatic animals. If the audience had any opinion about these sharp teeth fishes, their opinions would further be influenced by the fact that not only do these fishes hunt in packs, they are not only limited to their original habitat but also in many other places around the world due to illegal piranha breeding and smuggling. With regards to the socio-political theory of animals in horror, this can be related to the interpretation of W. J. T Mitchell from his extract Last Dinosaur Book.
He mentions with regards to dinosaurs that “These dinosaurs … have taken control of their own means of reproduction … The threat is the overproduction of life itself …. too many people, too many environmental ‘side effects’ of increased productivity and profitability, too many mutant viruses evolving too quickly for our slow-moving human intelligence to keep up” (Mitchell, 1998: 226). In Piranha 3D, thousands of piranha’s escaped the cave they were in after an earthquake tremor set them loose. According to the scientist Mr Goodman (Christopher Loyd) in the movie, these piranha’s are pre-historic and they are attracted to blood.
The twist at the end of the movie, uncovers that the piranha’s that have been attacking the people at the beach were only preadolescence piranha’s and not mature piranha’s. The effect of over-production in Piranha 3D, Jurassic Park, Godzilla and many others have created a fear to the human race that perhaps we may not be able to keep up with mother nature. Piranha 3D, similar to the movie “Jaws” provoke a certain emotion of the unknown aquatic species. Similar to the movie “Jaws” it can be seen as a reactionary movie, probably created to further visualise the concerns of harm that the human race is doing against the humans.
These creatures are then made to seem very mechanical in nature. The movement, the thoughts and the mannerisms of these creatures especially in piranha 3D seems to imitate a mechanical being as opposed to something that is so natural. The vision of the piranha’s swimming to attack the people at the pier in Piranha 3D was concise and almost robotic. The way the piranhas were swimming like a single unit almost imitated the visual of how people would assume computer viruses would move when infecting ones computer hardware. The piranhas were not randomly swimming and attacking people.
In fact, they were searching for the ideal victim. Such is the irony of how movies are re-created now, like the shark used in “Jaws”, the piranha’s used in Piranha 3D were either mechanical or computer generated. Perhaps what makes the study of aquatic animals and the human-animal relationship that we have with each other more interesting is the fact that the ocean itself is one of the last unexplored places in the world. The human race has successfully explored and dried the earth and the only places left to explore aside from space is the ocean.
With the ocean being the last unexplored place of the world, it is no wonder that the creatures living in it seems to be making a stance against the human invasion. As we examine the the issue of territory, we may also notice that movies like Piranha 3D shows the separation and distinction as to how we view different animals. Those that we care as pets we love, those that we view as a source of food we care and those that are reaching extinction we preserve and then there are the others.
This separation has enabled us to label them and us, to further identify who the enemy is and how to repel them (Drummond, 1996: 230) It is easy to see, especially when Hollywood is producing a steady rate of animal-enemy movies such as Jaws, Piranha and Jurassic Park just to name a few. Looking at Piranha 3D, and although it is not their fault that nature built them into a meat eating machine, the human race still has no qualms to labeling them ‘evil’. Just like how sharks and crocodiles and alligators are feared by the human race, the piranha’s in Piranha 3D are the enemy of the sea.
Compare this to aquatic animal movies such as “Free Willy” and “Flipper”, the piranha is animal that the human race has no problem in annihilating, but the killer whale is portrayed as a pet and meant to be cared for. This paradox human-animal relationship is perhaps what makes this relationship we have so interesting. Is it fair to love and care for an animal that looks better or has a more gentle mannerism as opposed to their cousin who has a more darker look and a more ferocious personality. With that said, movies like the original Piranha, Jaws and Jurassic Park has created a backlash against 1970’s women movement.
This is due to it’s metaphoric representation of anxiety which was generated by social movements such as environmentalism and feminism. Piranha 3D however may have a different approach to it, because unlike the analysis of Jaws and Jurassic Park which mentions that the movie projects an anxiety about the stance and relationship between community and family (Ryan, 1990:55), Piranha seems to focus on the anxiety about the future generations of youths and the lack of a patriarchal figure in the family.
In movie Jaws, the patriarchal saviour of the community was Brody (Roy Sheiner), he killed the shark and restored order. In Piranha 3D, the heroin is Sheriff Julie Forester (Elizabeth Shue) who works with Biomarine engineer Novak Radzinsky (Adam Scott). So instead of the patriarchal hero like the movie Jaws and Jurassic Park, the matriarchal figure is the heroin of the movie. On another note, perhaps this focus on a female heroin could be an example of an anxiety of Masculine Obsolescence. Mitchell mentions this in his analysis of Jurassic Park and perhaps this is true in Piranha 3D.
Although unlike Jurassic Park, Piranha 3D doe not have an all female cast, it does however places an emphasis on the female body, sexuality and heroism. The ratio of women to men in Piranha 3D is obviously high and there seems to be a significant amount of focus on the female victims. As a conclusion, the human-animal relationship between the aquatic animals depends on the species of animals as well as its relationship with environmental activist. Unfortunately for Piranha’s their bad publicity due to Hollywood has done little for their reputation as meat-eating fishes.
The movie Piranha 3D has helped to shape the opinions audiences have against piranhas. These opinions are not necessarily accurate, because the treatment of these animals may not reflect the true treatment that they receive off screen. The human race has divided these oceanic creatures into segregated categories, such as what Good animals versus Evil or Threatening animals (Malamud, 2010). This segregation unfortunately depends on the paradox relationship as well as to the understanding that humans have with the piranha. The movie Piranha 3D has a matriarchal heroin as opposed to the patriarchal hero like many other movies.
Difference Between Management Skills and Entrepreneurship college application essay help: college application essay help
What do you think is the difference between management skills and entrepreneurship?. How do they contribute to the economic success of a business? Management skills is about making an existing business work effectively and efficiently, organizing and coordinating the activities according to certain policies and achieving clearly defined objectives (i. e. vision, mission). Usually, the foundation of the business has been laid and established.
It involves planning, controlling, leading and directing and the managers are usually focused on managing and growing the business Entrepreneurship is someone who transforms innovation into a business process especially for market which never exists, often associated with uncertainties. An entrepreneur will look for changes, respond to it and seize it as an opportunity. The next step is to assemble a team, locate resources, raise the needed capital and start the new business idea.
An entrepreneur is flexible in adapting to the rapid changing to the market conditions and ideas which are important factors in developing strategies for a company’s growth. The economy has become more competitive and more demanding, thus the pressure of having the best management skills and entrepreneurship skills are becoming more important. Management skills will ensure that an established organization is managed effectively and efficiently towards achieving clearly defined objectives.
Customer Contributions and Roles in Service Delivery writing an essay help: writing an essay help
Considerable research in marketing and management has examined customer satisfaction with service experiences (e. g. Arnold and Price, 1993; Bitner, Booms and Mohr, 1994; Bitner, Booms and Tetreault, 1990; Keaveney, 1995; Ostrom and Iacobucci, 1995; Surprenant and Solomon, 1987; Zeithaml, Parasuraman and Berry, 1990). Predominantly, the research has focused on the roles of service processes, employees and tangibles in creating quality service experiences for customers.
However, in many services customers themselves have vital roles to play in creating service outcomes and ultimately enhancing or detracting from their own satisfaction and the value received. This is true whether the customer is an end consumer (for example, consumers of health care, education, personal care, or legal services) or a business (for example, organizations purchasing maintenance, insurance, computer consulting or training services).
In all of these examples, customers themselves participate at some level in creating the service and ensuring their own satisfaction. This manuscript focuses specifically on the roles of customers in creating quality and productivity in service experiences. Drawing on previous (primarily conceptual) research, two frameworks are first presented to aid managerial decision making and guide potential research related to customer participation in service.
The first framework examines different levels of participation required of customers across a variety of service contexts while the second framework presents three major roles played by customers in service delivery. This paper is adapted from “Quality and productivity in service experiences: customers’ roles”, presented at the QUIS 5 conference in June 1996 and is reproduced by permission of The McGrawHill Companies.
International Journal of Service Industry Management, Vol. 8 No. 3, 1997, pp. 193-205. © MCB University Press, 0956-4233 IJSIM 8,3 The paper then summarizes the results of two empirical studies that illustrate the role of customer participation and the effects on satisfaction with the service (Faranda, 1994; Hubbert, 1995). Levels of customer participation The level of customer participation required in a service experience varies across services as shown in Table I.
In some cases, all that is required is the customer’s physical presence (low level of participation), with the employees of the firm doing all of the service production work, as in the case of a symphony concert. Symphony-goers must be present to receive the entertainment service, but little else is required once they are seated. In a business-to-business context, examples of services that require little participation are less common. One example shown in Table I is that of providing plant and flower interior landscaping services.
Once the service has been ordered, little is required from the organization other than to open its doors or provide access to the service provider to move plants in and out. 194 Low: Customer presence required during service delivery Products are standardized Moderate: Customer inputs required for service creation High: Customer co-creates the service product Active client participation guides the customized service Service cannot be created apart from the customer’s purchase active participation Customer inputs are mandatory and co-create the outcome
Client inputs customize a standard service Service is provided Provision of service requires regardless of any individual customer purchase purchase Payment may be the only Customer inputs (information, required customer input materials) are necessary for an adequate outcome, but the service firm provides the service Examples: End consumer Airline travel Hair cut Motel stay Annual physical exam Fast-food restaurant Full service restaurant Business-to-business customer Uniform cleaning service Pest control Interior greenery maintenance service
Marriage counselling Personal training Weight-reduction programme Table I. Levels of customer participation across different services Agency-created advertising campaign Payroll service Independent freight transportation Management consulting Executive management seminar Install wide area network (WAN) Source: Adapted from Hubbert (1995) In other cases, consumer inputs are required to aid the service organization in creating the service (moderate level of participation).
Talcott Parsons buy essay help: buy essay help
American sociologist who served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1927 to 1973. Parsons developed a general theory for the study of society called action theory, based on the methodological principle of voluntarism and the epistemological principle of analytical realism.
The theory attempted to establish a balance between two major methodological traditions, that of the utilitarian-positivist tradition on the one hand and the hermeneutic-idealistic tradition on the other. For Parsons, voluntarism established a third alternative between these two. More than a theory of society, Parsons presented a theory of social evolution and a concrete interpretation of the “drives” and directions of world history.
Parsons analyzed the work of Emile Durkheim and Vilfredo Pareto and evaluated their contributions within the light of the paradigm of voluntaristic action. Parsons was also largely responsible for introducing and interpreting Max Weber’s work to American audiences. Although he was generally considered a major structuralist functionalist scholar, in an article late in life, Parsons explicitly wrote that the term “functional” or “structural functionalist” were inappropriate ways to describe the character of his theory. 1] For Parsons “structural functionalism” was the term of a particular stage in the methodological development of the social science; it was never a name for any specific school or specific direction. “Functionalism” itself was a universal method and again not a name for any specific school. In the same way, the concept “grand theory” is a derogative term, which Parsons himself never used.
Communication Is Complex essay help writing: essay help writing
When two or more people are sharing information, they both are sending and receiving at the same time, sometimes without even saying a word but by simply sending and receiving certain signals. Listening makes one the receiver and at the point when you respond, you become the sender and this interchanging and complex role shifting happens very fast. Non verbal sending and receiving is just as complex. A child could be crying (sending a message) and the parent put her arm around her for reassurance (receiving), when the parent pats the child’s back (sending), the child calms down receiving). The attitude of the people involved will largely determine the quality of their sending and receiving and the strength of their signals may affect how the messages are received. Messages a. Everything that is communicated is categorized into symbols. A symbol is something that stands for something else. Symbols are everywhere around us. The eagle in the United States stands for that country, the Statue of Liberty stands for freedom. The complex issue is that; any one symbol may have hundreds of interpretations depending on what sense the receiver makes out of the symbol.
Any one symbol may have many contrasting definitions largely depending on cultural backgrounds. The human communication is made up of two kinds of symbols. The words that are used in a language are verbal symbols. Where no words are used, then that becomes nonverbal symbols. When the word refers to a physical object like someone says, ‘pads’,, this is called a concrete symbol because it represents an object. A female listener may think the sender is referring to the sanitary pads and the motor mechanic may assume that the sender is referring to the brake pads.
Symbols are subject to different interpretations largely depending on the attitude, culture and background of the listener. Even more complex are the abstract symbols, these are the intangible or non figurative symbols like the word ‘love’. Various and interesting assignations may be given to the word depending largely on culture and background. A child brought up in a strict religious order may think it refers to the love that the Deity has over mankind and yet on the other hand a child raised by a mother of loose morals, may construe it to mean lust or the desire that may shared by two consenting and sexual partners.
In nonverbal symbols, the communication has no written or verbal words. These symbols include but not limited to; facial expressions, gestures, posture, vocal tones and appearance. A yawn may mean that you are tired or bored and yet in another culture it may mean that you are sleepy and need to rest. Over ninety percent of messages sent and received by Americans are nonverbal. Thus, we see complexities arising out of the symbols, care and due diligence is therefore critical in deciphering symbols to be as near as possible to the intentions and definitions of the sender.
Channels This refers to the channel or route that we use when communicating. In verbal symbols, we use sound and sight. The receiver has to interpret the sound and what he/she is seeing to come to a conclusion of what the sender is trying to send out. In nonverbal communications, people use several channels, like a firm handshake may denote confidence, jittery and nervous expression at a presentation may mean poor preparation and shallow knowledge. Use of a wrong channel will give a wrong message altogether and defeat the purpose of the communication. Feedback
Feedback refers to the responses that the sender gets from the receiver. In a conversation, both sender and receiver get feedbacks as they talk. Feedback helps to assure the sender that the receiver is attentive and is responsive. When no feedback is given, it may send a wrong signal to the sender. In a lecture, if students don’t ask questions after the presentation, then the deliverer may assume that they have understood when in fact they have not. Noise Any interference that prevents a message from the sender from being delivered to the receiver is called ‘noise’.
Noise is found in three forms; external, internal and semantic. External noise comes from the outside, the environment. While having a good conversation with your Pastor, you may be disturbed by the Pastor’s mate asking for the car keys from their mate or a squashed sitting area in a taxi might make you unbearably uncomfortable to lose out on what the person sitting next to you just said. Internal noise refers to what the receiver may be going through internally that he/she may fail to hear what the teacher just said. These are internal thoughts, and distractions… Setting
This refers to the environment in which the communication process occurs. The setting affects and influences the kind of communication process that will take place. The setting itself communicates a message to the participants. A divorcing couple would chose to meet in the lawyer’s office as that is perceived as neutral. From the above discourse, it is clear that the communications elements can pose a great challenge to the whole process of communication. Parties to the process should make sure that all the elements are in the ideal size, to effectively communicate as desired.
Complexities will always exist, the parties to communication can only minimise them to enhance the process. Self Perception A human being is a complex individual. The process of communication starts with the self perception and the value that humans put on themselves. Self concept is how a person thinks about themselves. Sometimes in a communication process, people are so worried about how other people think they are and this ideally makes them less effective in their communication process and fail to either deliver their message or fail to get the correct message as intended by the sender.
Social comparisons occur when people compare themselves on how they measure up to other members of the communities. When we fail to measure up to a certain standard that we see ion others, most likely we lose all home and get de-motivated and in worst case scenarios, become emotional wracks. The way in which the individual sees himself/herself is called self perception. Self perception is largely grounded on the past experiences. Positive experiences will influence a better perception and the opposite also holds true.
The state of mind about oneself eventually impacts on performance. Its becomes dangerous when self esteem is too high as a failure results in negative and bad attitudes. Acts of perception require a form of expectations. ‘Without expectations, or constructs through which you perceive your world, your surroundings would be booming, buzzing confusion’ The perception process involves; selecting the information, organizing it and interpreting it. Perfect perception is always because of deletions, distortions, and generalizations. There are also perceptions filters.
Operations Management personal essay help: personal essay help
The are dependent and statistical variables that that impact on the way the plant should be running. The balanced plant concept is based on balancing capacity with efficiency. By balancing the plant with capacity you is ensuring bancrupcy. The reason being due to the dependent events and statistical fluctuations. A dependent event is the event in which the output of one event influences the input of the other. The statistical fluctuations is an event that vary from one stance to the next.
Stastistical events average themselves out overtime, for example where a worker can produce an average of of work pieces /hour but the exact output will be more or less than that number each hour. To balance the plant one has to look at dependents events and statistical fluctuation together. During the hike to devil’s Gulch the dependent event was the line that the scouts walked, in which the first person must walk the trail before the other person behind could .
Alex faces the constraint in the form of the slowest boy Herbie, and realises that in a chain of dependent process statistical fluctuations can occur at any step, that results in the time lags between the process that accumulate and grow in size further down the chain. This leads in the performance of the system becoming worse than the average capacity.
The hike was analogous to a set of dependent events subject to statistical fluctuation, overtime the fluctuation do not average out, but rather accumulate because of the influence of the dependent events limits the opportunity of the gain in fluctuations. The length of the hikers becomes comparable with the total production process. The observation as the result of hike experience: 1. Final throughput is measured by the rate of the last and slowest operation in the sequence. 2. Invetory is equal to the length between the leader and the back door which should be maximised. . Operational expense is roughly measured by his energy expended which must be conserved. 4. Some resources need to have more capacity than others, especially towards the end of the operating sequence. To balance the plant you have to look at the dependent events and the statistical fluctuations. The rest of the plant must follow Herbie (Bottleneck), each of the bottlenecks has to work to its fullest capacity, while the rest of the plant machines work to the capacity of the bottlenecks.
This creates harmony in the production plant, orders starts to get out in time and there is less work in in progress and cots are lowered because of this. Becoming aware of the bottlenecks allows analysis to improve operations. These operations can result in an increased production thus allowing increased sales. This improvements can results in lower costs to produce the same level of production,these improvements can result in a higher quality of the product because the contraining resourse was impacting on quality.
Bottlenecks remains because no one as came up with a cost effective method of removing the constraint. The plant has to run at the capacity equal to throughput demand, by reducing batch sizes, they reduced the time it takes to process a batch and this means reduce queue time and wait time therefore reducing invetory. With less time sitting in piles waiting, total process time and overall lead time is shortened, with shortened time the whole process is able to respond to market demand faster.
Critical Analysis of “Digging” by Seamus Heaney argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
This poem “Digging” is in Heaney’s first collection of poems called “Death of a Naturalist” (1966). This poem is the first poem of this collection. It is a free verse poem written in first person narrative, with eight stanzas containing two couplets. The free structure of this poem allows Heaney to freely express his respect of the Irish tradition as well as his pride and dignity towards his ancestors. The poem starts and ends with the same lines “between my finger and my thumb/The squat pen rests” but the first stanza ends with “as snug as a gun” and the last stanza ends with “I’ll dig with it. Thus, Heaney foregrounds the importance of the writer’s profession and craft by breathing new life into the cliched idiom “the pen is mightier than the sword. ” Heaney affirms that he has decided to choose his own career path, as a writer. It is clear that Heaney feels confident that he is very skilled with a pen and demonstrates and proves that he is an accomplished poet by writing this very thought provoking poem. The title “Digging” is usually interpreted as an act of hard labor. It awakens our curiosity for we want to know the reasons why he is digging and what he is digging for.
The poem basically describes his father digging potato drills and the grandfather cutting turf: “By God, the old man could handle a spade, Just like his old man. ” However the poet does not praise their strength as diggers. But the act of digging is associated more with the passing on of special values from generation to generation. There is also an extended metaphor of digging and roots in the poem, which shows how the poet, in his writing, is getting back to his own identity, and where his family comes from: “Digging…. hrough living roots awaken in my head. “
A Qualitative Study on Popular and Classical Music professional essay help: professional essay help
It has been, like everything else, affected by the rate of speed of technological accomplishments in this century. Because classical music is one genre of music, it is expected that it has also evolved during this period of time and it is has also been subjected to advancements in technology. Musical Characteristics About the only generalization one can make about modern classical music is to say, it is diverse and often complex. Composers have written for every conceivable medium from a single, solo instrument to a huge symphony orchestra.
They have written for conventional orchestra instruments, expected performers to play conventional instruments in nonconventional ways, and written for nonconventional instruments, adding them to the orchestra or creating new ensembles. Composers have written for a tremendous diversity of instrumental combinations, many of them small in number and many incorporating the solo voice. When a composer wrote for large orchestra, the texture frequently was more thin and transparent than was common in orchestral writing towards the end of the nineteenth century.
Chromaticism had increased and harmony had become complex, at times reducing the clarity of tonality to the point of absence of tonal center. Melodies were longer, phrases were less clear, and form was more difficult to discern. To a great extent, twentieth-century composers have placed considerable emphasis on timbre and rhythm rather than on melody and harmony, creating the need for a different way of listening to music than when a melody predominates. Silence has become a conscious compositional device in modern music and not just a time for a performer to rest.
The organization and form of music ranged from totally controlled to free and improvisatory music. In controlled music, the composer gives minute instructions about how the music should be played. In the more free music, performers, in some cases, are given instructions to improvise passages, usually within certain guidelines and restrictions. Much of this music is organized in time segments, measured in seconds rather than bars and phrases. The horizontal pitch organization is typically angular and disjunct, moving with wide intervals or skips.
Melodic lines span wide, even extreme, ranges. Dissonance is the rule, and unresolved dissonances and sustained tension are common. Modern classical music may be tonal, but any sense of a major or minor key most likely will be obscure. Some music lacks any sense of key feeling, and some may sound in two or more keys at the same time. Frequently, pitches are based on scales other than major or minor. They may incorporate scales found in other cultures or scales invented by the composer.
The five-note pentatonic scale and a whole-tone scale, which excludes half steps, are common in some modern pieces. Many modern composers, however, are experimenting with a return to tonal music. Major Stylistic Developments Certain developments in musical style have occurred in the twentieth century. Some are derived from or run parallel to developments in painting; some are a continuation of earlier stylistic concepts in music; still others are musical developments which belong distinctly to the twentieth century.
It should be kept in mind, in any case, that no one stylistic development represents all the music literature of the twentieth century; not all compositions fit neatly into one or another of these classifications; most are the result of several influences. Neoromanticism The term neoromanticism applies to the continuance of German romantic traditions. Post-Wagnerian style continued well into the 20th century. It is characterized not only by a somewhat heavy emotionalism, enormous orchestras, and great symphonic lengths, but also by advances in harmonic idiom and orchestration.
Representative composers are Mahler, Bruckner, Richard Strauss, and Sibelius. Impressionism Impressionism is derived from the philosophy and practice of a group of French painters, notably Monet and Renoir, in the last few decades of the nienteenthh century. Impressionism in music was a reaction to the massive, intellectual Germanic music as practiced by Brahms, Wagner, and Mahler. It is best typified in the music of Claude Debussy (1862-1918) and is marked by the delicate sonorities of flute, harp, and strings rather than massive sounds of brass and by subtle shadings rather than dramatic contrasts of tone color.
Impressionistic music is sensuous and beautiful and seldom harsh. It may be described generally as having refinement, delicacy, vagueness, and an over-all “luminous fog” atmosphere. Expressionism The term expressionism, like “impressionism”, was borrowed from painting. In general, it was intended to mean the expression of the inner self, especially the subconscious, as oppose to impressionism as an interpretation of external things. Expressionism in art, which gave rise to abstraction and surrealism, found its parallel in music from about 1910 to 1925 in the radical works of such composers as Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg.
Expressionistic music is characteristically subjective, dissonant, and atonal, although, these traits are by no means confined to the expressionistic category. Neoclassicism Many twentieth-century composers have valued the importance of form and structure in their music, in many cases returning to the common practices and aesthetic values of the past. The new classicism or neoclassicism of the 20th century represents a return to ideals of the 18th century while retaining modern techniques of harmony, tonality, melody, etc.
Neoclassical music may be derived from past practices, but its language is not. A neoclassical piece by Stravinsky, perhaps the best-known neoclassical composer, does not sound like Mozart, but it may have commonalities with the classic ideals of control, order, emotional restraint, adherence to formal structure, minimal instrumentation, and transparent texture. Neoclassicism is largely antiromantic and predominantly objective. It strives for simplicity and clarity of material, form, texture, and medium.
An important attribute of neoclassicism is the revival of interest in contrapuntal technique. Atonal Music and Serialism In traditional tonal music, compositions usually are organized around sets of whole-step/half-step patterns that establish key centers: the major or minor scales. Atonality in music composition existed when any establishment of a tonal center was deliberately avoided. This provided an alternative approach to the major/minor tonal system. Serialism, known as serial composition or twelve-tone technique, evolved as a systematic means of organizing atonal music.
It was a formula that served as the basis got creating a piece of music. The essence of serialism is a set of pitches comprised, typically, of the twelve tones of the chromatic scale, each half step within the octave. This set of pitches – a tone row – is the basis of the composition; by its nature, it avoids key centers. The tone row is subsequently used in various forms in its entirety, never repeating a tone until the entire row is completed. In addition to its original order of pitches, the row may be used backward, or upside down.
The first and most important composer associated wth this means of organizing sounds in music was Arnold Schoenberg, although few composers, including Schoenberg, adhered to the system with rigidity except perhaps in a few pieces. Nationalism and Folk Music Nationalism became a major stylistic feature among a number of late-nineteenth-century composers, particularly from Russia and Eastern Europe. Many twentieth-century composers from throughout Europe and America valued nationalistic attributes in their music. Among the most noted of these was Bela Bartok.
Electronic Music The impetus of electronic music came from the development of magnetic tape recording. Technicians in Paris experimented with musique concrete, a name given to the technique of manipulating tape recorded sounds from existing natural sources. The altered sounds, combined with natural sounds, could then serve as sound sources for composition. The next development in electronic music was the construction of sound-generating equipment and synthesizers in which the electronic sound generation was combined with sound modification.
Composers could now control every detail of their creation: rhythm, dynamics, pitch organization, timbre, reverberation, and even how a tone is begun and released. Most electronic music today is created to be used with live performance. The performance may include standard instrument(s) with prerecorded rape or a standard instrument using tape for sound modification. The most recent development that will most likely dominate the field in generations to come is computer-generated music.
Here the composer plots desired sounds in numerical sequence, feeds them into a digital-to-analog converter, and records these sounds on tape. Software programs now make this process easy through MIDI (musical Instrument Digital Interface) that connects a computer with a synthesizer to store sounds and to produce sounds for recording or immediate playback in live performance. One of the most prominent of early composers of electronic music was Edgard Varese. Chance Music Chance music, sometimes called indeterminate music, allows the performer to participate in the creative process.
This process can include the random selection of sounds, selection by chance, or improvised passages within the structure of a composition. The overall structure may be indicated in a score, but details are left to the performer. A work utilizing techniques of chance music will never be performed the same way twice. The most noted exponent of chance music is John Cage. Minimalism Minimalism is a style of composition that seeks the greatest effect from the least amount of material.
It emerged in the late 1960s with music by Philip Glass, in part as a reaction against the complexities of serialism and other twentieth-century styles that lacked melodic shape, tonal clarity, and perhaps audience appeal. The technique of minimalism is to take a musical pattern or idea and repeat it incessantly, creating slow subtle changes in rhythm, chord movement, or other musical elements. The rhythmic activity may be fast, but the speed of change in the ativity will be slow.
Importance of Hygiene Among Students nursing essay help: nursing essay help
What is Arthritis? What Causes Arthritis The word arthritis comes from the Greek arthron meaning “joint” and the Latin itis meaning “inflammation”. The plural of arthritis is arthritides. Arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system, specifically the joints. It is the main cause of disability among people over fifty-five years of age in industrialized countries. Arthritis is not a single disease – it is a term that covers over 100 medical conditions. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and generally affects elderly patients. Some forms of arthritis can affect people at a very early age.
What causes arthritis? In order to better understand what is going on when a person suffers from some form of arthritis, let us look at how a joint works. [pic] Basically, a joint is where one bone moves on another bone. Ligaments hold the two bones together. The ligaments are like elastic bands, while they keep the bones in place your muscles relax or contract to make the joint move. Cartilage covers the bone surface to stop the two bones from rubbing directly against each other. The covering of cartilage allows the joint to work smoothly and painlessly.
A capsule surrounds the joint. The space within the joint – the joint cavity – has synovial fluid. Synovial fluid nourishes the joint and the cartilage. The synovial fluid is produced by the synovium (synovial membrane) which lines the joint cavity. If you have arthritis something goes wrong with the joint(s). What goes wrong depends on what type of arthritis you have. It could be that the cartilage is wearing away, a lack of fluid, autoimmunity (your body attacking itself), infection, or a combination of many factors. Types of arthritis There are over 100 types of arthritis.
Here is a description of some common ones, together with the causes: • Osteoarthritis – cartilage loses its elasticity. If the cartilage is stiff it becomes damaged more easily. The cartilage, which acts as a shock absorber, will gradually wear away in some areas. As the cartilage becomes damaged tendons and ligaments become stretched, causing pain. Eventually the bones may rub against each other causing very severe pain. • Rheumatoid arthritis – this is an inflammatory form of arthritis. The synovial membrane (synovium) is attacked, resulting in swelling and pain.
If left untreated the arthritis can lead to deformity. Rheumatoid arthritis is significantly more common in women than men and generally strikes when the patient is aged between 40 and 60. However, children and much older people may also be affected. • Infectious arthritis (septic arthritic) – an infection in the synovial fluid and tissues of a joint. It is usually caused by bacteria, but could also be caused by fungi or viruses. Bacteria, fungi or viruses may spread through the bloodstream from infected tissue nearby, and infect a joint.
Most susceptible people are those who already have some form of arthritis and develop an infection that travels in the bloodstream. • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) – means arthritis that affects a person aged 16 or less. JRA can be various forms of arthritis; it basically means that a child has it. There are three main types: 1. Pauciarticular JRA, the most common and mildest. The child experiences pain in up to 4 joints. 2. Polyarticular JRA affects more joints and is more severe. As time goes by it tends to get worse. 3. Systemic JRA is the least common.
Pain is experienced in many joints. It can spread to organs. This can be the most serious JRA. What are the signs and symptoms of arthritis? The symptoms of arthritis depend on the type of arthritis, for example: • Osteoarthritis – The symptoms develop slowly and get worse as time goes by. There is pain in a joint, either during or after use, or after a period of inactivity. There will be tenderness when pressure is applied to the joint. The joint will be stiff, especially first thing in the morning. The patient may find it harder to use the joint – it loses its flexibility.
Some patients experience a grating sensation when they use the joint. Hard lumps, or bone spurs may appear around the joint. In some cases the joint might swell. The most common affected joints are in the hips, hands, knees and spine. • Rheumatoid arthritis – The patient often finds the same joints in each side of the body are painfully swollen, inflamed, and stiff. The fingers, arms, legs and wrists are most commonly affected. Symptoms are usually worst on waking up in the morning and the stiffness can last for 30 minutes at this time. The joint is tender when touched.
Hands may be red and puffy. There may be rheumatoid nodules (bumps of tissue under the skin of the patient’s arms). Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis feel tired most of the time. Weight loss is common. The smaller joints are usually noticeably affected first. Experts say patients with rheumatoid arthritis have problems with several joints at the same time. As the arthritis progresses it spreads from the smaller joints in your hands, wrists, ankles and feet to your elbows, knees, hips, neck, shoulders and jaw. • Infectious arthritis – The patient has a fever, joint inflammation and swelling.
He will feel tenderness and/or a sharp pain. Often these symptoms are linked to an injury or another illness. Most commonly affected areas are the knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist and finger. In the majority of cases, just one joint is affected. • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis – The patient is a child. He will experience intermittent fevers which tend to peak in the evening and then suddenly disappear. His appetite will be poor and he will lose weight. There may be blotchy rashes on his arms and legs. Anemia is also common. The child may limp or have a sore wrist, finger, or knee.
A joint may suddenly swell and stay larger than it usually is. The child may experience a stiff neck, hips or some other joint. How will arthritis affect me? Arthritis affects people in many different ways. How long the patient is affected and how severely it is depends on the type of arthritis. Arthritis sufferers will find there are good and bad days. Most patients with arthritis will suffer from discomfort, pain, stiffness and/or fatigue. You may also feel frustrated that you are no longer able to grip things so well or get around like you used to.
It is important to remember that if you suffer from arthritis this does not mean you have to give up having an active lifestyle. With some changes to your way of life there is no reason why you cannot continue being active. Physical therapy and occupational therapy for arthritis Physical therapy and occupational therapy help maintain joint mobility and range of motion. How much therapy you need, and what kind of therapy will depend on many factors, such as the severity and type of arthritis you have, your age, and your general state of health.
This has to be decided by you with your physician and physical or occupational therapist. People with arthritis will often avoid moving the affected joint because of the pain. A physical therapist can help the patient work out the joint stiffness without damaging it. In order to perform your daily activity the physical therapist will help you achieve a good range of motion. This may involve building strength in the muscles that surround the affected joint – stronger muscles help stabilize a weakened joint.
You will also be taught the best way to move from one position to another, as well as learning how to use such walking aids as crutches, a cane or a walker, if you need one. Occupational therapy can teach you how to reduce the strain on your joints as you go about your daily activities. The occupational therapist can help you modify your home and workplace so that your movements do not aggravate your arthritis. You may need a splint for your hands or wrists, as well as aids for dressing, housekeeping, work activities, driving and washing/bathing yourself.
An occupational and/or physical therapist can make an enormous difference to your quality of life if you suffer from arthritis. He/she will help you learn more about your arthritis, devise a dietary plan if you are overweight and overstressing the joints as a result, help you make better decisions about what shoes to buy if that part of the body is affected. You will learn how and when to rest – rest is crucial for treating inflammation and pain, especially when many joints are affected and you feel tired. Resting individual joints is very helpful too – custom splints can be made to rest and support affected joints.
Compare and Contrast Psychodynamic and Humanistic gp essay help: gp essay help
Psychodynamic counselling has its roots in the work of Sigmund Freud, widely regarded as the founder of modern psychology. Freud developed a technique called psychoanalysis. He believed that behaviours are not generally under ones conscious control, and instead stem from events that have occurred in the past. He believed that issues from our early years would continue to have an effect on behaviour patterns in adult life, and psychological distress is caused by childhood issues which are yet to be dealt with.
He felt that human beings do not act out of free-will and that behaviour is controlled by the unconscious. Freud’s belief was that the mind operates on three basic levels, the conscious (what is mentally present), the pre-conscious (similar to long term memory, can be retrieved) and the sub-conscious (not accessible to the conscious at all). Furthermore he believed the human mind is subdivided into 3 regions, the ‘id’, the ‘ego’ and the ‘superego’. The id, present from birth is driven purely by the ‘pleasure’ principle, requiring immediate gratification of all it desires, resulting in anxiety if this is not achieved.
The ego deals with reality and functions on conscious, pre-conscious and subconscious levels. It takes the desires of the id, and deals them in a way which is socially acceptable. The superego holds the standards and beliefs of right and wrong which we have gained from our parents, and society itself. Freud believed these three regions are all driven by instinct, which stems from two main forces, sex (Eros / Life Force) and aggression (Thanatos / Death Force). The ego constantly has to work to balance the needs of the id and the superego, and it is this conflict which causes anxiety and tension.
The key to a healthy personality is having the correct balance between the id, the ego and the superego. Should a comfortable balance be reached, the personal will be mentally healthy and able to satisfy their own desires without taking advantage of or hurting other people. When it becomes difficult for this healthy balance to be reached and the ego is unable to cope with the pressure, Freud believed defence mechanisms come into play. For example, the mechanism of repression which enables the person to suppress memories of a difficult situation to avoid painful emotions.
There are many other defence mechanisms, such as denial and regression. Freud’s explained personality development using stages of psychosexual development. He believed that should a person complete these stages in the correct sequence they would develop a healthy personality. As McLeod (2008) states however Freud also felt that “if a person has an unsatisfactory experience at one stage, they will continue to try to deal with this developmental issue for the rest of their lives (or until they gain some insight into it). (p. 129)” Freud explained these stages as oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital.
Culture in Negotiation descriptive essay help: descriptive essay help
What is a good outcome in negotiation? What does it take to get a good outcome? What goes wrong in a negotiation that has a poor outcome? However, if culture has an effect on negotiation, the mental models of negotiators from one culture may not map on to the mental models of negotiators from another culture, making the speci® cation of a single mental model problematic. There are two ways to approach this problem of specifying a mental model of negotiation. One is to specify the model in use in one culture and then compare and contrast its elements with elements of models of negotiatio n from other cultures.
Alternatively, we can specify the mental models of negotiation in many different cultures and aggregate their common and unique elements. The latter approach is less likely to overlook culturally unique aspects of negotiation, but requires the prior existence or current construction of many culturally emic (unique) models of negotiation. (See Brett, Tinsley, Janssens, Barsness, & Lytle, 1997 for a discussion of these two approaches to designing cross-cultural research. ) This article relies on the ® rst approach because there is a well-speci® ed model of negotiation grounded in Western theory and empirical
Performance Appraisal at Kalyani Electronics narrative essay help: narrative essay help
The Corporation has created a new post below the cadre of General Manager i. e. Joint General Manager and asked Mr. Prakash to join the Corporation as Joint General Manager. Mr. Prakash agreed to it viewing that he will be considered for General Manager’s position based on his performance. Mr. Anand, the Deputy General Manager of the Corporation and one of the candidates of General Manager’s position was annoyed with the management’s practice. But, he wanted to show his performance record to the management at the next appraisal meeting.
The management of the Corporation asked Mr. Sastry, General Manager of Televisions Division to be the General Manager in-charge of Computer Division for some time, until a new General Manager is appointed. Mr. Sastry wanted to switch over to Computer Division in view of the prospects, prestige and recognition of the position among the top management of the Corporation. He viewed this assignment as a chance to prove his performance. The Corporation has the system of appraisal of the superior’s performance by the subordinates.
The performance of the Deputy General Manager, Joint General Manager and General Manager has to be appraised by the same group of the subordinates. Mr. Anand and Mr. Sastry know very well about the system and its operation, whereas Mr. Prakash is a stranger to the system as well as its modus operandi. Mr. Sastry and Mr. Anand were competing with each other in convincing their subordinates about their performance and used all sorts of techniques for pleasing them like promising them a wage hike, transfers to the job of their interest, promotion, etc.
However, these two officers functioned in collaboration with a view to pull down Mr. Prakash. They openly told their subordinates that a stranger should not occupy the ‘chair’. They created several groups among employees like pro-Anand’s group, pro-Sastry group, Anti-Prakash and Sastry group, Anti-Anand and Prakash group. Mr. Prakash has been watching the proceedings calmly and keeping the top management in touch with all these developments. However, Mr. Prakash has been quite work-conscious and top management found his performance under such a political atmosphere to be satisfactory.
Prakash’s pleasing manners and way of maintaining human relations with different levels of employees did, however, prevent the emergence of an anti-Prakash wave in the company. But in view of the political atmosphere within the company, there is no strong pro- Prakash’s group either. Management administered the performance appraisal technique and the subordinates appraised the performance of all these managers. In the end, surprisingly, the workers assigned the following overall scores. Prakash: 560 points; Sastry: 420 points; and Anand: 260 points.
Ones Inner Savage free essay help online: free essay help online
No matter what, if people are placed in the right circumstances their inner self will come out. In the book, Lord of the Flies, the concept follows a group of British boys who are stranded on a deserted island. The plot of the book is how the boys survive on this deserted island. The author, Golding, uses the inner beast as the main symbol that at some point overcomes all of the boys as they live on the island. He even uses war paint through the novel as something that covers their inner beast that represents the act of covering up the beast or in the least trying to hide it.
The symbol of the beast is used to represent inner savagery, a quality that all people have inside of them. It is not unusual for people to hide, (war paint) their real feelings in a confrontational situations. They are afraid someone might not like their thoughts, which could make them feel a shamed. In Golding’s Lord of the Flies, he uses the symbol of the beast throughout the book to represent 0ones inner self, otherwise known as everyone’s inner savage. For example; while the boys are killing Simon, it elaborates on the explanation of the beast.
Jack forms a circle and starts to chant as the other boys follow suit. They form a giant circle in which they lose their rational selves to the group mentality. The group follows the lead and chats, “Kill the beast! Spill his blood! There was a throb and stamp of a single organism kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Now out of terror rose another desire, thick, urgent, and blind. ” (152) unquestionably, this is a major moment. This is precisely what inner savagery is, the sheer impulse of man in its true primal state.
The boys did not think about what they were doing, they just acted to an outside force in which they could not comprehend. Yet again, Golding uses the beast when the boys have a reenactment of killing a pig. Robert explained how he threw a spear at the rest of the boys when Jack orders them to make a circle around Robert. “Ralph entered the play and everybody laughed presently they were all jabbing at Robert who made mock rushes. Jack shouted make a ring! The circle moved in and around as Robert squealed in mock terror then in real pain. Ow! Stop it!
You’re hurting! . . . Hold em! They got his arms and legs. Ralph carried away by sudden thick of excitement grabbed Eric’s spear and jabbed Robert with it. Robert was screaming and struggling. The chant rose ritually as at the last moment of dance or a hunt kill the pig, cut the throat, bash it in. ” (114) In view of this, it is a turning point in because it is the first time when the beast really shows itself within the boys themselves. Once again, the boys lose whom they are and are caught up in the moment. This is a perfect example of the mob mentality.
People by their self would not participate in such a behavior, on the other hand when they are in a mob they lose who they are and follow the crowd. Not only does Golding use the beast as a symbol, he also shows that war paint is used to hide shame of the beast. To be precise, when Jack first makes his mask, Golding describes more about war paint. Jack has just got done making his first war paint mask and he absently thinks to himself. Golding says,“He knelt, holding the shell out of water. A rounded patch of sunlight fell on his face and brightness appeared in the depths of the water.
He looked in astonishment, no longer at himself but at an awesome stranger. He split the water and leapt to his feet, laughing excitedly. Beside the pool of his sinewy body help up the mask that drew their eyes and appalled them. ” (63) It is important to recognize what is not only the recognition of war paint used to make something new, but also, Jack sees someone other than himself in his reflection. Equally important is that when Jack raids Ralph, Golding gives an accurate description of the symbol war paint. While Jack is taking fire in his raid then when talking to Ralph he thinks about his mask.
Golding writes, “Demonic figures with faces of white, red, and green rushed out howling . . . He paused and looked around. He was safe from shame or self consciousness behind the mask of his paint and could look at each of them in turn. ” (141) This is a specific passage regarding war paint and the mask in general, solely because Jack fiercely explains how the mask makes him feel safe from judgment or even shame which is a notable feeling that Jacks gets while wearing paint and that shows extreme embarrassment of the inner savage.
War paint completes the inner beast without the capability of the masks there cannot really be an inner savage because there is nothing to keep them from feeling shame or even regret. The symbol of the beast represents inner savage, war paint represents the hiding of one’s inner savage or the act of trying to hide it. Without one or the other, the boys could not survive simply because they are so closely related and they correspond so well.
Lastly, the combination of these two symbols are always mentioned throughout the Lord of the Flies that they are the guidelines of how the reader can tell how bad the situation on the island is at all times just by simply analyzing the two symbols. The symbol of the beast and war paint are used well by Golding to show how they are part of everyone. Everyone uses them on a daily basis. We hide our inner beast in situations where we know we cannot blow our tops. We use words to cover up feelings of shame for things we have said or did. Golding wrote a master piece that when analyzed every human can relate to his imagery.
Analysis of Japan Bubble Economy custom essay help: custom essay help
This action laid the hidden perils for Japan’s bubble economy. c. Excess of capital In the second half of 1980s, Japan had a lot of excess capital. There are two reasons for excess of capital: decreasing demand for equipment investment; trade surplus. There were two reasons causing the decreasing equipment investment. First, after oil crisis, Japan moved its chemical industry to knowledge intensive industry. Second, after 1970s, more new technologies were introduced.
In order to save the energy, Japan’s enterprises decreased investment of the high energy consumption industries. Due to the decreasing equipment investment, the domestic market had a lot of capital. The excess capital was moved from production area to circulation area so that the growth rate of financial assets was very fast. In international trade area, from 1946 to 1963, the international trade was almost all the deficits. After 1964, the international trade was almost all the surplus, especially in 1981. In 1981, Japan’s international trade surplus increased sharply, and then after 1982, abroad investment also had big jumps. From above two reasons, Japan’s domestic market had a large number of capitals, which were excess.
Until 1985, Japan had become the largest creditor nation in the world, and the trend was increasing. In 1991, the credit was up to 383 billion US dollar. Financial area gathered a lot of money, but the market was lack of the good places to invest. So excess of capital could help to increase the bubble economy
Western Culture Degradation or Enrichment? college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx
western culture adopted by india fair or not? Favour (Good) * culture is nt any hard n fast rule,,changes r law of nature,,so if indian want to adopt sm good things of western ,,so its totally acceptable.. * western culture has various practices n knowledge which r very important to update our knowledge with this fast changing world * adopting the good practices of any culture is always fruitful * . sending parents to old age home is not a western thing… its by nature.. if it is amoral to send parents to oldage homes then y r they set up… there shdnt b ne old age home in our country.
But the cultural legacy that we are showing to the whole world is becoming a thing of history in metropolitan cities. On one side we enjoy our so-called rich culture and really admire it but on the other side we find discotheques full of young guys and girls. Secondly, Joint family tradition; one of the biggest assets of India is now vanishing under the shadow of the so-called western culture. Nuclear families are taking place of many years’ old values. Youth of today is more interested in their privacy rather than enjoying their lives with others.
Individualization has broken up the joint family system, paving way for the youth to fall prey to drug addiction. This stage is the most vulnerable period of life where the youth need guidance, counseling, education and care by parents. So how did we get part of their culture over here, you ask, their culture has become over popularized here, through electronic media that everyone wants to be just like them. Because of that India has lost her identity from all other countries. We’ve now become a copy – cat to all other nations and we may lose our individuality.
The reason is because, we want another image, we don’t want to be the olden – day – traditional country, which still hasn’t become the so – called ‘modern’, even in the 21st century. We don’t want to look like imposters to all other well – developed countries. If you have ever thought of that, erase that thought because the image we’ve got planted in our minds is terribly wrong. India is not an imposter to other nations, it never has been, but will if the people of today continue to do everything they see on cable TV.
India is an independent country now and has been for a while, with no such problems. The reason behind that is because our ancestors fought for us, so that we could have a future in our own way, not with any other way, which we are not used to. I’m not saying that India should stop everything they’ve learnt from western countries, but to have some individuality from other nations and to set an example to the other 3rd world countries and give out the message that there are other nations to set an example on.
The New Deal/Howard Zinn compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help
Zinn Zinn established the causes of the Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression are capitalism. Capitalism is fundamentally unsound and is vulnerable to devastating ups and downs that cause havoc in society. As a result of unchecked industrial expansion through the second half of the 19th century, America’s wealth coalesced in the hands of the very few elite and left the balance of the country essentially poor. Mass production in factories quickly outstripped our capacity to consume.
Though Zinn is correct that unsound banking practices, disparity in wealth and stock speculation contributes to the depression, he blindly attributes all the problems of the era on an economic model. Johnson believes that government regulation and interference were the cause of the Crash of 1929. He sees the free market as a naturally occurring phenomenon that should be allowed to work through its growing pains with no government interference – that a balance would emerge, setting the economy on its new foundation, organically.
Banking regulations, the creation of the Federal Reserve and other “manipulations” by well-meaning, but ignorant politicians, only prolonged the recovery. America was poised to prosper at the end of the 19th century. Had political leaders not been swayed by pockets of disgruntled, ungrateful people, the country would have sailed through the minor ups and downs of the first decade, with aplomb. The consensus theory suggests that there were a multitude of factors that lead to the fall of the economy by the third decade of the new century.
Industrialization was a new market condition, one that had enormous implications. The country had no previous experience with its impact on society or the economy. The world had never experienced a World War before and no one had prior knowledge of how a conflict of that scale would affect us. Institutions are notorious for snail-paced change. Our government, social policies, legislation, financial institutions were overcome by events that, in concert, lead to the Crash of 1929.
The Republican presidents of the teens were extremely “hands off” managers, allowing events to unfold with little thought to the implications. After WWI the farmers were faced with excess capacity as a result of the build up for war orders that, since the armistice, had disappeared. With no demand, they generated no capital. The market was narrowly diversified: cars and houses. The idea of planned obsolescence hadn’t evolved yet.
The Federal Reserve lowered interest rates to stimulate spending. People realized you could borrow money cheaply and potentially make profit on the borrow funds playing the stock market. The Stock market had no regulation yet. A new company’s prospectus may or may not be based in fact. A large “bubble” was created. Finally, when the market became conscious of all the speculation that had taken place, money managers called in the notes. There was a run on the banks and the market crashed.
Tok Practice essay help free: essay help free
The definition of ‘art’ perhaps makes one of the most controversial, yet confounding topic of discussion; where it is observed that each individual definitely has a view point. Some are ardent supporters of their beliefs, while others choose to sit on the fence. Everyone has their own answer to –“what is art”. Majority agree with the idea that “art is a medium of expression”, which is probably one of the most stereotypical definition; but its overuse does not undermine its credibility.
For some, art is confined to physical beauty, whereas others affix an emotional and/or personal aspect with the subject and consider it to be somewhat therapeutic. For some, art is skill, but for the rest it’s creativity. Some feel art is the product of thoughts and emotions in man, while others believe that nature is art too! So, is there a “right” or “wrong” definition? Can there be a “correct” definition? If yes, on what basis should one choose the correct explanation? But, why should art have ‘one’ correct definition? Besides, do we have to define art at all?
Nevertheless, let’s put forth all viewpoints (listed above) together. The amalgamation of all the definitions above would be, “art is a creative medium of expression, thoughts, feelings and emotions presented in a skillfully aesthetic form existing in nature. ” The customized definition may yet seem incomplete to many. Hence, I would like to sum up by saying that art in infinite, art is divine. Therefore it is better to leave it undefined. What can be considered art? This is yet another question that attracts different perspectives, which, again cannot be judges due to the subjective nature of art.
It might probably be more convenient to understand a person’s notion on art, according to his/her nature and interests. I have observed that people with a more business mindset consider any piece of art which has earned accolades and is world-renowned; albeit it might just be as simple as a paint dab or a complex artwork. The second set of people; – people more inclined towards science mostly associate art with nature and are open to consider almost everything (painting, nature, literature etc) as art (observed fact).
Others might find this bizarre, but science is often bizarre; science believes in miracles and magic, hence, so do people falling under this category do. The next set of people are more philosophical/spiritual in their approach. For them, art lies not in the outcome, but in the process. They consider art to have remedial powers which can alleviate any kind of stress. Lastly, the group consisting of “so-called” artists… But, the question that arises is that are there only a certain group of people who are “artists”? If yes, who is an artist? Who is an artist? An artist is not just a person with a paint brush.
An artist is someone who can imagine, who can dream, who can visualize, feel and perceive. He might either be a sportsperson, writer or poet. Likewise, an artist can be someone with a sense of music or someone who can groove to the rhythm of the same (music). Actors are artists and so are politicians and chefs. In fact if something is done well, with skill or learnt by study and practice, it is said to be an art and the doer- an artist. Be it driving a car, wearing a pretty dress, putting a child to sleep or ‘the art of conversation’. In short, everyone is an artist.
An Analysis of Stealing by Carol Ann Duffy essay help 123: essay help 123
The thief is so lonely that he wants a snowman as a mate which builds a compassion between the reader until the use of negative connotations in the next line. “With a mind as cold as the slice of ice within my own brain. ” suggests that this thief is psychologically disturbed and lacks compassion from the comparison of him and an inanimate object. This is due to life’s difficulties and the adversities of unemployment. Throughout the first stanza, the sentences are short and full of caesuras.
This depicts the thiefs state of mind where the pauses show the confusion and chaos in her mind which doesn’t let her be able to think properly. The second stanza contains a lot of violence with the words, “dead, frozen stiff, fierce chill, piercing my gut,” which can mirror the tough times in the 1980’s when violence was very common and habitual. The thief seems sadistic when he dismantles the snowman as it makes him happy in imagining the children cry over it but also the way he compares the snowman with himself also shows the masochist in himself.
This ensures that the thief if definitely psychologically disturbed. The third stanza clearly depicts the boredom of the thief but also the colloquial language and his relaxed attitude shows the carelessness and thoughtlessness in him and makes it seem like what he’s doing is completely normal. This attitude suggests that the thief could just be a teenager that takes the opportunity to go around stealing things while riots already destroy the country.
The way he describes himself as a mucky ghost shows the lack of confidence in him and as much as he shows off his carelessness, he is aware of what he’s doing. The sigh he does while he looks at mirrors seems like a tired sigh where he spends his time doing pointless things which shows the state of the whole country at the time; people are unemployed, they are bored and they have absolutely nothing to do. “It seems daft now” In the fourth stanza contradicts with the previous stanzas because in the previous stanzas the author had written in the present tense, “I steal things. However on the fourth stanza he tells himself that it’s a stupid thought now, this indicates that this thief had been stealing for quite a while, wasting his time on worthless things but giving value to it. This reflects on reality in those times where unemployment meant no money and so people couldn’t even buy the things they easily could’ve before and therefore everything became more valuable. The last stanza is again about the things he had stolen but this time for his own good, to maybe learn and educate himself to play the guitar and read Shakespeare and develop his creativity.
But nevertheless he got bored of these too because it never interested him as much as the snowman; the only mate he wanted to have in his alienated strange bubble. The poem ends with an imperfect question, just like how it started with a question. It is directed to the reader which leaves a wonder on the readers mind and also shows his inabilty to understand himself and express himself which again leads to lack of confidence. This poem is in the first person, the voice comes across as that of a thief. Nevertheless the reader cannot discern the gender or age of the speaker.
There are five stanzas each having five lines which shows an organised structure however it doesn’t have any sort of rhyming scheme, it has meany caesuras and it is irregular. This reflects the thief’s mind; looks fine and structured but full of chaos and convulsion. There is lyricism describing the snowman which shows the thief giving it a speciality from every other things he had stolen. Overall this poem gives out a social commentary on the inevitable reality of society and it’s difficulties leading to boredom and even insanity.
Kenyan Case essay help 123: essay help 123
Overall inflation rate rose in July to 15. 53 percent year-on-year from 14. 49 percent in June, driven by higher food prices and rises in other items including housing. The situation is not to ease soon, going by the words of The Central Bank Governor Njuguna Ndung’u, “A pilot would say: we are experiencing turbulence, fasten your seat belts and we all ride over the storm or turbulence. ” What factors are responsible for the resurgence of food and fuel prices? How should the factors be addressed? What should Kenya do to handle the resurgence of food and fuel crisis?
Analysts also view it the same way and expect inflation to continue rising, “I don’t see inflation relenting in the next few months …(because) it is attributed to high oil prices which we have no control over and food prices due to drought,” said John Mutua, the program officer at institute of Economic affairs. The sharp rise in inflation is attributed to rise in food and fuel costs which resulted in a sharp rise in the prices of goods and services in the local market. The government appears to have lost control of inflation as it stood at 14. 5% as at July 2011.
The IMF had warned in May that the short – term priority for East Africa’s biggest economy was to curb Inflation. Rising consumer prices are pushing people deeper into poverty by forcing them to dig deeper into their pockets to feed their families. The high prices has forced consumers to reduce their consumption levels of varying goods and services as a result of the high cost of living which is mainly driven by inflation. The rising prices severely affect the lower and middle income groups and the rising concern for many Kenyans at this time is the rising cost of many basic necessities.
The high cost of basic necessities such as maize flour has become the main driver of inflation in the economy because of high expenditure on them by the majority of the households. Whereas the foodstuff basket of the rich households mostly comprise luxury food items, the food basket for the poor households mainly comprise necessities with such food items as maize flour, vegetables and sugar. This makes the poor households very vulnerable because once prices of such items rises, they can’t avoid paying the higher prices.
Most of the poor households who live in less than a dollar per day can not afford to by a packet of maize flour at the current prevailing market price of Ksh. 140. For us as a nation to be able to find a solution out of our present crisis, it is vital to first understand inflation, know how it is measured, what causes it, its effects and how we can correct it. That is what forms the basis of this paper. What is inflation? Inflation is a situation where the general prices of goods and services in a particular economy are persistently and significantly rising over a period of time.
There is no generally accepted definition of inflation and different economists define it differently. Harry G. Johnson states “I define inflation as substantial rise in prices. ” In the words of Gardner Ackley, “Inflation is a persistent and appreciable rise in the general level or average of prices. ” When prices of commodities increase, the value of money and its purchasing power falls therefore according to Crowther, inflation is a “state in which the value of money is falling, i. e. the prices are rising. ”
Problem Behavior Syndrome rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help
Problem Behavior Syndrome Sandra Schaumleffel Everest University The life course view is that criminality may be best understood as one of many social problems faced by at-risk youth, referred to as problem behavior syndrome (PBS). In this view, crime is one among a group of interrelated antisocial behaviors that cluster together and typically involve family dysfunction, sexual and physical abuse, substance abuse, smoking, precocious sexuality and early pregnancy, educational underachievement, suicide attempts, sensation seeking, and unemployment.
People who suffer from one of these conditions typically exhibit many symptoms of the rest. All varieties of criminal behavior, including violence, theft, and drug offences, may be part of a generalized PBS, indicating that all forms of antisocial behavior have similar developmental patterns. (Siegel, p. 228) I knew a girl whom I was best friends with for almost 10 years. During year 6 of our friendship, I moved out of state. We still kept in contact.
As the years went by, we slowly stopped talking. When I finally moved back to our hometown, I found out that this friend had turned to drugs, violence, and had a very long criminal record. I wanted nothing to do with that because I was trying to better myself. Unfortunately, she is still running down that wrong path, in and out of jail, on various different types of drugs, and even losing custody of her three children. This friend of mine possesses many of antisocial behaviors.
Some would include substance abuse, early pregnancy, educational underachievement, and unemployment. I’m not sure how she got into drugs, but I have tried multiple times to get her into rehab. She objects. When it came time to graduate from high school, her wrong ways and drug abuse prevented her from doing so. With being unemployed, having no education, and always on some kind of drug, I see this friend having problem behavior syndrome. References: Criminology: The Core, Fourth Edition (Larry J. Siegel)
Gazprom and Russian Government history essay help: history essay help
Later Kremlin followed with the announcement saying that Russian Federation will become a leader in the world energy. A very coordinated move. Gazprom and government is a team. The Russian society reacted on the above with the development of two polar positions: the so called “imperialistic”, meaning finally a government and a business work together in order to protect and expand the country’s national interests and the “pessimistic”, meaning that Russian national resources will be sold out to the international businesses. In reality everything is not that black and white.
A careful look at the same actions undertaken by Gazprom can be evaluated in the favor of both the above mentioned positions. Gazprom is playing a very complicated and delicate game, the strategic essence of which is to maximize its access to the liberalized European market and its end user, without trading off its monopolian advantages if possible. To reach this goal Gazprom has developed the following strategic concepts forming its general strategy: 1. Pricing. Price increase for the end users both internally and externally
Partial liberalization of the Russian gas market as a respond to the liberalization of the European market. 3. Diversification on the energy business and end products 4. Minimization of the transit risks 1. Pricing. Gazprom policy on pricing can be analyzed in two perspectives: internal / CIS market and external market For the customers from the Western part of Europe Gazprom has used market conformed prices, while it is quite a different case with the former Soviet Republics as well as the internal market.
The major Gazprom’s complaint is: Gazprom doesn’t sell gas in Russia, it merely distributes it. In other words, Gazprom being under the governmental thumb, is loosing money. To compensate that Gazprom must perform well on the European market. The post soviet era for Gazprom is the time when gas card can’t be played anymore to “earn” friends and allies. Gazprom, being a business structure oriented on profits gradually increases the prices, thus causing disagreements with political connotation.
That’s where the government gets involved and that’s where Gazprom has to do certain tradeoffs for its interests being lobbied. I believe this will continue until Russian government will develop a sound, well balanced policy towards the “former” gas friends. This is a kind of logical consequence to the fact that Russian Federation is still “struggling” with the developing and sound political and ideological position towards the former Soviet Republics. 2. Partial reform of the Russain gas makert as a respond to the liberalization of the European market.
In 1998, the liberalization of the European market has begun, presenting a wonderful opportunity for Gazprom to get closer to the end, well paying European customer. Having an advantage of being a historical supplier and being a monopoly on its own territory Gazprom had and still has a good chance to get its market share, however to maintain it is another question . Exactly this maintenance issue is requiring some tradeoffs. Tradeoff in this case are presented in eventual Russian market liberalization.
Total Quality Management in Higher Education history essay help: history essay help
Abstract Presents the view that total quality management in higher education institutions, and the development of a so-called managerialist ideology, has led to the inevitable adoption of an approach to human resource management (HRM) policy and practice which is functionalist. Asserts that the criteria favoured by managerialism represented by TQM is not only inappropriate in higher education but that, more importantly, it limits the productive activity of individuals.
This limitation occurs to the extent that, at the level of the individual “academic” in higher education organizations, quality control and assurance which has traditionally been a localized process of self and close peer review, has become formalized by externally imposed systems and procedures; a necessary condition under the current funding arrangements for enabling internal quality assurance systems to meet the requirements of external agencies. Suggests that only a truly professionalizing, “soft”, individualistic and user-focused collegial culture will provide a suf? cient condition for total quality enhancement to become reality.
Linked to their new responsibilities and freedoms management in the incorporated higher education organizations (HEOs) is becoming increasingly “businesslike”. The need for managers to justify their actions and demonstrate quality and effectiveness has never been greater since the advent of the Higher Education Funding Council’s (HEFC) quality assessment and the Higher Education Quality Council’s (HEQC) quality audit processes. One of the results of such processes has been a preoccupation with TQM, which we argue is linked to performance appraisal and “hard” human resource management techniques[1, pp. 0-4]. These so-called “hard” approaches emphasize the importance of the market system and, hence, cost effectiveness. This article presents the view that the quest for total quality in higher education and the concomitant development of a managerialist ideology has led to the inevitable and entirely inappropriate adoption of approaches to HRM policy and practice which are functionalist in nature. This is important at the strategic level. If a particular approach begins to legitimize the formal ways of working in academe, alien corporate cultures begin to be suffused into organizational life.
These cultures are not synonymous with the macro culture of HEOs. This actualizes itself in constant realignments and shifts in hitherto accepted ways of working. We point to the limitations of such models as TQM and of functionalist management driven approaches to quality which may deprofessionalize. We argue for an alternative approach. We suggest that the environment created by the adoption of the values of approaches to HRM located within an interpretive approach may provide a necessary condition for the management of professionals in HEOs and, moreover, is more likely to create the suf? ient conditions for the achievement of real total quality. The language of professionalism is new for managers in higher education. As House and Watson point out, for lecturers, professionalism is a tradition of their role. The professionalism of managers has taken on a new importance 5 Total quality management in higher education The TQM Magazine Volume 7 · Number 6 · 1995 · 5–10 George Holmes and Gerard McElwee because of the development of new functional roles and demarcations.
There is a need to re-engineer a collegial model of organizations which recognizes the central importance of “soft” approaches to managing human resources. We, therefore, urge management in higher education to foster an environment for resourceful and enterprising behaviour, where all colleagues are considered to be important in the achievement of personal and organizational effective learning. We suggest that true total quality will be brought about by recognition of the value of interactive professionalism in assuring real quality of teaching and learning.
This accords with a desire to promote the vision of quality in education presented by Barnett where the main activities of the institution, its teaching, scholarship and research – are not “managed” by senior personnel in the sense of being directed and controlled by them. Rather, we look to senior managers to create within organizations a culture of critical dialectical discourse where the student becomes the principal educator and senior staff act as change agents, facilitators and developers.
The Emotional Roller Coaster online essay help: online essay help
The Emotional Roller Coaster Abstract Three healthcare workers experience stress in their professions and make various attempts at dealing with the stress. As the case study is examined, a look is taken at how they manage their emotions under stressful situations. Also, how is the medical staff able to influence the emotions of their patients? There are also ways to minimize some of these stressors. The Emotional Roller Coaster Introduction The case study looks at the emotional battle that three healthcare workers face on a daily basis when it comes to providing patient care.
Working as a nurse many times involves acting strong around the family of a dying loved one even though you want to cry along with them. As a healthcare worker there have been many times when I walked out of a patient room and grabbed one of my co-workers to go into the break room to cry. Managing Emotions The three healthcare workers in this case must practice emotional labor by displaying compassion to an ill patient or their family (McShane, Von Glinow, & Sharma, 2011, p. 161). Healthcare workers are expected to be pictures of strength to the patient and their families.
When this type of emotional conflict develops between required and true emotions, the employee is practicing emotional dissonance (McShane et al. , 2011, p. 163). When working as an oncology nurse caregivers felt that they have to display negative emotions less frequently, yet at the same time they frequently have to show understanding and express sympathy to the patient (Kovacs, Kovacs, & Hegedus, 2010, p. 858). The required emotional dissonance of a healthcare worker is one of the main reasons that nurses have such a high incidence of burnout.
The larger the gap between the required and true emotions, the more employees tend to experience stress, job burnout and psychological separation from self (McShane et al. , 2011, p. 163). Managing Patient Emotions Exhausted, discouraged, saddened, powerless, frightened – these are the emotions experienced by nurses on a daily basis (Erickson & Grove, 2007). If the patient sees the nurse in a state of stress it could have an adverse effect on the patient’s well-being. In an effort to support healing, it is expected that the nurse maintain a showing of strength in front of the patient and their family.
Humans have been hardwired to detect other humans’ emotions. Through facial expressions, body language, tone of voice, implicit and explicit behaviors, we sense others’ feelings and unconsciously react with an emotion of our own. The natural tendency is to match others’ emotions, this is seen in the way laughter spreads through a room and cheers exhilarate a crowd. In this way, medical staff is able to alter the emotions of their patients. Minimizing Stress One of the reasons the stress in the case study occurs is because of the high amount of emotional dissonance.
Because of the large gap that occurs between the required and true emotions of healthcare workers, the employees tend to experience stress, job burnout, and psychological separation from self (McShane et al. , 2011, p. 163). Those in high stress environments experience tension headaches, muscle pain, cardiovascular disease, and may have a higher incidence of some forms of cancer (McShane et al. , 2011, p. 176). Some ways to help control some of the stress is to remove the stressor, withdraw from the stressor, change stress perception, control stress consequences, and receive social support (McShane et al. 2011, p. 185). From personal experience in my time spent in the intensive care unit, I know firsthand how difficult it is to control some forms of stress. Many times it is not possible to control the stress without changing careers, but there are some things that can be done to help control it. By companies having fitness centers on site or subsidizing the cost of a fitness center membership employers are helping to control the consequences of stress (McShane et al. , 2011, p. 186). Conclusion
Captive of a G-String: Analysis of Literary Techniques essay help writer: essay help writer
Captive of a G-string: An Analysis of literary techniques in Nicola Barker’s short story “G-String” Nicola Barker’s short story “G-string” relates the troubles of a middle-aged woman with her self-confidence, how she fails to achieve the respect and admiration she seeks from her boyfriend Mr. Kip, as well as how she struggles to attain a certain idea of herself as a modern woman by wearing a G-string.
With a humorous tone and use of the G-string as a symbol, Barker allows us to follow her protagonist, Gillian, in her dilemma between wearing fashionable undergarments to resemble the picture she has of a voguish woman, or rejecting the unpleasant G-string and accommodating who she is, with her flaws and imperfections. Barker lets us grasp that putting an end to our constant struggle to fit into society’s mould is the first step on the road to self-assurance. By letting us witness the amendment in the attitude of Gillian’s partner Mr.
Kip, when our protagonist finally cracks and loses her meek facade, the author furthermore states that our self-perception, with approval or denigration, will dictate how others see us, and define our power of seduction. Barker uses the G-string as the symbol of society’s control over women. In her narrative, the frivolous panties become the standard in which every woman feels she should fit in order to be sexy, desirable to men, and most of all modern. The stereotypical character of Jeanie, whom we meet in the beginning of the story, introduces Gillian to the G-string.
She is the archetype of the trendy, classy woman that society sees as sexy and up-to-date: “Jeanie – twenty-one with doe eyes, sunbed-brown and weighing in at ninety pounds – told Gillian that the dress made her look like an egg-box. All lumpy-humpy” (70). So when this fashionable, elegant individual declares to Gillian, speaking of the G-string: “These are truly modern knickers (…). These are what everyone wears now” (70), it is to be understood that the G-string is a necessary garment in the attire of today’s women. This convinces Gillian to make an attempt at wearing the (very small) piece of clothing that does not appeal to her.
As an important image throughout the story, the G-string is the symbol Baker chose to represent society’s idea of a contemporary woman. It becomes a statement of modernism from the woman sporting it. Like any ideal, it neglects the true physique and distinctiveness of the wearer. Gillian, who is described as: “a nervous size sixteen” (69), does not have the required build to look good in the G-string. Gillian decides to follow Jeanie’s advice and wear it anyway, but to the sacrifice of her mental comfort: “Oh the G-string was a modern thing, but it looked so horrid!
Gillian wanted to be a modern girl but (…) her heart sank down into her strappy sandals. It tormented her” (71). In this passage, the reader can appreciate how the G-string makes Gillian uneasy. She feels awkward, but continues to wear it because she desperately wants to be a modern-day woman. The author uses the symbol of the G-string to teach us how we cannot all fit into one profile, because we are all different and unique. If we persist in struggling to be someone we are not, disrespecting our true personality and figure, we are bound to be uncomfortable, to feel out of place.
As the repressive garment awkwardly confined Gillian in a bogus persona, the removal of the despicable lingerie inevitably generates a magnificent relief. At the apogee of the story, Gillian ultimately takes off the G-string and feels liberated, more confident: “She was knickerless. She was victorious. She was truly a modern female” (72). Barker’s protagonist experiences an intense sentiment of emancipation as she is unshackled from the restraints of the oppressing knickers. She finally feels the self-assurance she was pursuing when she discards the G-string, and admits that it is not for her.
It is not who she is. She feels better about herself for making the choice to end the self-contempt and the role playing. With Gillian’s experience, Barker demonstrates that impersonating a character that is not our own will bring its burden of distress and anguish, while choosing self-acceptance will convey a sense of deliverance and relief, and is essential to reach any degree of self-esteem. The reaction of the entourage to a recently acquired sense of worth is also evoked when Mr. Kip is seduced by Gillian’s new attitude: “Mr. Kip was very impressed. He couldn’t help himself” (72).
Nicola Barker uses the symbol of the G-string throughout her narrative to express the fact that women’s empowerment will come from rejecting society’s hold on their appearance, and that being themselves will bring them the self-confidence they seek, not the blind following of fashion and trends. With the reaction of Mr. Kip, Barker additionally advocates that the newly acquired self-esteem will, at long last, bring woman the respect and admiration of men. Nicola Barker’s story G-string is a hilarious narrative presenting formulaic but lifelike characters trapped in the part society has ascribed them.
It is written in an entertaining and amusing tone. Barker uses humour to highlight the ridiculousness of women’s attitude of trying to please at the cost of who they really are. These pitiful attempts are shown as ill-advised and unavailing. Barker uses colourful similes to illustrate how absurd Gillian feels when she persists in wearing the G-string even when it is clear she is ill at ease in the loathsome underwear: “It felt like her G-string was making headway from between her buttocks up into her throat.
She felt like a leg of lamb, trussed up with cheese wire. Now she knew how a horse felt when offered a new bit and bridle for the first time” (70). The author uses comical comparisons to a leg of lamb and a horse to clearly let us sense how silly Gillian feels. It makes us question why we would want to go so far as to be so uncomfortable, feels so ridiculous, just to try to resemble an inaccessible ideal, and to gain the respect and love of others. When Gillian attends the Rotary party with Mr.
Kip, the G-string ruins her already wobbly self-confidence: “(…) when she espied her rear-end engulfing the slither of string like a piece of dental floss entering the gap between two great white molars, her heart sank down into her strappy sandals. It tormented her. Like the pain of an old bunion, it quite took off her social edge” (71). In this amusing simile, we can perceive that Gillian’s task at seeking self-assurance and other’s approbation is rendered even harder by the G-string. The stringy panties she wears to try to feel sexy and desirable brings her further from that goal.
By comparing Gillian’s substantial rear-end to two great white molars, Barker describes a physical blemish of her character in a hilarious fashion. With such an approach to a shortcoming, the author encourages us to laugh at flaws that we often perceive as enormous and that can sometimes become almost incapacitating to us. Those weaknesses are imperfections only because we see them that way, encouraged in this deduction by the standards created by society. Barker grants us another funny image with Gillian’s revolt at the end of the story.
The middle-aged, frizzy, overweight character finds an original and entertaining answer to her boyfriend’s windshield wiper problem as well as her G-string trouble: From her bag Gillian drew out her Swiss Army Knife and applied it with gusto to the plentiful elastic on her G-string. Then she tied one end to the second wiper and pulled the rest around and through her window. “Right,” she said, “start up the engine. ” Colin Kip did as he was told. Gillian manipulated the wipers manually; left, right, left, right. All superior and rhythmical and practical and dour-faced. 72) In this witty, singular solution to two difficulties at once, Gillian finds a new authority that she had previously lacked. She even gives orders to Mr. Kip, something she would never have dared before. Finally getting rid of the G-string has a therapeutic and liberating impact on her. Barker uses this facetious anecdote to assert the fact that Gillian did not need the G-string at all to become the ideal woman she craved so badly to be. Her cleverness and freshly developed decisiveness also provokes the long awaited admiration and desire of her companion: “After several minutes of driving in silence [Mr.
Kip] took his hand off the gearstick and slid it on to Gillian’s lap. ” Mr. Kip feels a new longing for the fresh, authoritative and assured Gillian who finally achieves the respect she was looking for, simply by being herself. In Nicola Barker’s story G-string, humour gives a light tone to the otherwise gloomy subject of women’s desperate attempts at fitting into an archetypal idea of a modern woman, and trying to please others at the cost of their personality and self-respect.
Nursing Management college essay help free: college essay help free
General Objectives: The reporter formulated these objectives for the purpose of directing the students towards an organized discussion and to be able to present the topic in a clear and comprehensible approach. Specific Objectives: At the end of this topic students will be able to: •Define the mission or purpose statement, philosophy, vision, objectives and core values as it pertains to nursing services; •discuss the elements/ components of planning; enumerate the types and phases of strategic planning; •understand the importance of formulating mission, vision, value statements, objectives and philosophy act as a basis for any organization; and •understand the purposes and benefits of strategic planning. Elements/ Components of planning Forecasting or Estimate the future Set Objectives/Goals and Determine Results Desired Develop and Schedule Strategies, Programs/Projects/Activities; Set the Time Frame Prepare the Budget and Allocation of Resources
Establish Policies Procedures and Standards Elements of Planning Forecast or Estimate the Future Forecasting is looking into the future. Refers to estimation of time series, cross sectional or longitudinal data. In making forecast, the planner should consider 3 things: •Agency •Community affected •Goals of care Forecast must be supported by facts, reasonable estimates and accurate reflection of policies and plans. Set Objectives/Goals and Determine Results Desired
GOALS are broad statements of intent derived from the purposes of the organization •Is a desired aim or condition toward which one is willing to work •Individual goals- are personal goals; based on one’s desired in life •Group goals- may refer also to organizational goals although on a smaller scale •Organizational goals- management goals of an organization that are established to justify its existence ? Short term goals and long term goals Objectives ?The objectives of the Nursing Department is congruent to its vision as well as to the 11 key areas of responsibilities to nursing practice: ?
To observe ethical principles and standards that govern nursing practice. (ethico-moral-legal responsibilities) ? To establish well coordinated referral system for the continuity of patient’s/ client’s care. (communication) ? To assure the application of acceptable performance of functions, duties, and responsibilities of every position in the nursing department. (safe & quality nursing care, management of resources) ? To encourage its nursing personnel to participate in nursing research for improving nursing care. ( research) ? To utilize media for information campaign to intensify health education program. (health education)
Mission The mission statement outlines the agency’s reason for existing ( whether hospital or health care), who the target clients are ( the poor, the needy, the middle or upper class), and what services will be provided ( in-patient, out-patient, emergency). Reason for the existence of the organization (Nursing service exist to promote and maintain health) Vision ?The Board of Nursing under the guidance of the Almighty, with its unquestionable integrity and commitment, envisions itself to be the ultimate authority in regulating the nursing profession in the Philippines and to lead nursing development to its highest level of excellence. The BON shall unwaveringly pursue the advancement of nursing development in the country by: 1. Providing leadership, information, options, scenarios and lobby efforts to targeted decision makers and stakeholders 2. Ensuring adherence to professional, ethical and legal standards as mandated by existing regulatory laws 3. Unifying the nursing sector through good governance 4. Fostering linkages with the domestic and international stakeholders Philosophy Philosophy is the sense of purpose of the organization and the reason behind its structure and goals.
Philosophy states the beliefs that influence nursing practice and beliefs about health care. Policies Policies in general, they are guidelines to help in the safe and efficient achievement of organizational objectives Procedures Procedures are specific directions form implementing written policies Develop and Schedule Strategies, Programs/Projects/Activities; Set the Time Frame Strategy is the techniques, methods, or procedure by which the overall plan of the higher management achieves desired objectives. Programs are activities put together to facilitate attainment of some desired goals.
Time Management is a technique for allocation of one’s time through the setting of goals, assigning priorities, identifying and eliminating time wastes and use of managerial techniques to reach goal s efficiently Principles of Time Management 1)Planning for contingencies-planning anticipates the problem that will arise from actions without thought 2)Listing of task-task to be accomplished should be done in sequence which are prioritized according to importance 3)Inventory 4)Sequencing 5)Setting and keeping deadlines- and adhering to deadline is an excellent exercise in self discipline 6)Deciding on how time will be spent
Knorr Soup academic essay help: academic essay help
Can soups be a healthy snack in Bangladesh?? Can soups be a healthy snack in Bangladesh? With the winter season coming up Brand Managers at Unilever want to further strengthen Knorr in Bangladesh. But the most important question that remains for them is how they make top end unhealthy evening snackers consume soup instead of the shingara, samosas and burgers of the world. It has been 9 months since Unilever launched Knorr Soups and entered into the savory category. Given the size of the soup industry in Bangladesh, Unilever has placed a lot of emphasis on Chicken Mushroom and Chicken Ginger and the vegetarian variant Tomato.
Each pack contains enough soup to serve two people. Knorr was launched with the most important proposition – the establishing the Knorr brand in the minds of consumers and pave a way for the entry of other product extensions in the future. Soup was launched at a time when a market, although small, was growing consumers at a were rapid pace, where the experience of real ingredients in its soups. Knorr soups contain real bits of chicken and vegetables that could be both visibly seen as well as tasted during experiencing goodness of soup at their homes and including it as a part of a more regular diet.
Knorr also believes in doing business sustainably, by reducing impact on the environment and focuses on providing exciting products which are environmentally friendly. running of the business, also head their respective functions. The Company has management strength of 200+ across different levels and another 600+ are employed (NMS). as non-management operations staff in Unilever Bangladesh provide employment to over 10,000 people directly and through its dedicated suppliers, distributors and service providers. Moving ahead Bangladesh is considered one of the next
Knorr – The brand Knorr brand was founded in 1838 by Carl Heinrich Theodor Knorr and has its roots in Heilbronn, Germany. Knorr along with other brands was acquired by Unilever in the year 2000, when the company acquired Best Foods. With annual sales 11 countries that hold immense potential by Unilever standards, clocking consistent GDP growth of 5-6% over the past 5 years and with a huge population base of 160 million, it makes it an attractive market for FMCG players like Unilever. Unilever has a strong growth vision going ahead, and diversifying into new product categories as a part of its growth strategy. Internationally, the
In developing & emerging markets like Bangladesh, foods are seen to be the way forward to deliver growth and tap into a highly potential market food category plays a very important role in the Unilever business portfolio. In many countries, Foods provide a higher contribution to business comparison to HPC. In developing & emerging markets like Bangladesh, foods are seen to be the way forward to deliver growth and tap into a highly potential market. Knorr is one of the brands that Unilever Bangladesh wants to use to strengthen its footprint in the foods industry in Bangladesh. Unilever Bangladesh outlets that sold Maggi soup.
Going forward the sales team plan to continue providing Knorr soup to match those outlets where Maggi soup is currently available, but care has to be taken since with food items, the expiry sensitivity is always an issue when placing in shops. believes that as the food category grows it will deliver the growth required to achieve the organization’s ambition. The success of Knorr Soup in Bangladesh, therefore, is directly linked to the success of the category and the brand. The challenge with consumers Soup in Bangladesh has always been seen as a healthy meal for kids, elderly people and something nutritious for people who are ill.
Kung Fu Panda law essay help: law essay help
Kung Fu Panda textual analysis Kung fu panda is set in the Valley of Peace, where the people of the valley are threatened by the late arrival of the evil snow leopard, Tai Lung. An ancient prophecy states that a hero, also known as ‘the chosen one’ will appear out of nowhere to save the people in the valley, and the masters of martial arts have devised a competition in order to find this individual.
However it is assumed that the chosen one will be a member of the Furious Five-the level-headed Crane, the easygoing yet formidable Monkey, the fast and quick-tempered Mantis, the charming and strong Viper, and Tigress, the boldest and strongest of the group- but when Po arrives he is the one selected by the master, Oogway. Po is in love with kung fu, we see this at the beginning when he wakes up from his dream and looks at his posters and models of the Furious Five. Regardless of him being big, clumsy and working in a noodle shop he still dreams of meeting the furious five.
Po doesn’t want to disappoint his father and so decides not to share his love for kung fu but to keep it a secret. Although he is friendly, Po has very low self- esteem and believes that his failure is due to his obesity. When he feels depressed or upset, he usually stuffs himself with food to ease the pain. Master Shifu is Oogway’s student and the furious five’s trainer. We first see him as a peaceful character who is old friends with Oogway. He never smiles at first because of his past. However, further on in the film he smiles because Po defeats Tai Lung and brings peace to the valley and most importantly to him.
At the beginning of the film Shifu is unwilling to train Po and doesn’t believe that he has what it takes to defeat Tai Lung and makes Po’s training unbearable to achieve. After much convincing from Oogway, Shifu realizes that he must believe in Po in order for him to be successful. Master Oogway is an old tortoise. He is presented to be very wise and superior. The people of the valley and the furious five all look up to him and treat him with respect. Early on in the film, just when Oogway convinces Shifu to believe in Po, master oogway dies and leaves Shifu to continue his quest by training the dragon warrior(Po).
Master Mantis is the smallest amongst the furious five, but is the strongest for his size. We see that size doesn’t matter when the mantis holds a roped bridge on his own with the Tai Lung standing on it. The mantis is also a good acupuncturist although he struggles when dealing with Po at first. Master Viper is a green snake and is the most sweetest, and caring of the furious five. Although she doesn’t have fangs, which is weird for a snake, her fast kung fu moves are amazing. She is one of the first to comfort Po whist the others see him as a ‘waste of time’.
Master Crane is presented to be the most patient of the Furious five and he is also the first to start a conversation with Po although it is awkward at first. Crane is like the ‘mother hen’ of the group although he is a male. In fighting situations, Crane flies around scanning the area for any danger and keeps a look out for any of his team falling and preparing himself to catch them. Master Monkey is the friendliest out of the five, and the easiest to approach. He was the first out of the five to recognize Po’s determination for kung fu.
Master Monkey is the only one that calls Po from his first name and respects his kind loving nature. Monkey uses a traditional kung fu weapon to help him in his battles, a staff. Master Tigress is the ‘protector’ of the group. She is the strongest and boldest however she is the least sociable. It is obvious throughout the film that Master Tigress was meant to be chosen as the Dragon Warrior but after Po’s unexpected arrival she is not. This leads her to dislike Po and not respect him. When her group and Po are laughing and joking together she doesn’t participate.
Tai Lung is presented to be the ‘evil villain’ of the film. The whole valley is scared of him. Tai Lung was sent to Chorh-Gom Prison, a maximum-security institution, until his escape two decades later, this suggests he has excellent martial arts skills and is dangerous. When faced with Po,Tai Lung insults his obesity and the fact that he is a panda ( pandas are not seen as an important animal in Chinese culture). Mr Ping is Po’s father and owns the most popular noodle shop in the Valley. He hopes that his son will continue to operate the shop, wishing to share with him the family’s secret recipe to great noodles.
Ping is shown to be selfish in a way as he does not let his son follow his dream of martial arts. Despite this fact, father and son share a deep mutual love and respect; this shows why Po does not wish to disappoint his father. The place where master oogway ascends is an important scene. The scene includes a peach tree which holds a special significance for Master Oogway. The way it is presented is very calm, with leaves flying in a peaceful manner. The tree is a symbol of longevity and renewal and its wood is said to ward off evil and its petal to have magical properties.
He carved his staff from the wood of this tree and sprinkled a handful of petals in the Moon Pool in the Jade Palace every morning. Oogway called the tree that grew from the seed the Peach Tree of Heavenly Wisdom. It is a sacred place for him, the place he comes to meditate. Other places in the film are presented similarly. They are shown to have significance. For example when master Shifu and Po are in ‘jade’s palace’, the palace is sacred and is the great kung fu school, home of China’s greatest heroes, the Furious Five. Although the social groups in the film are made of animals, they have human-like behaviours.
At the beginning of the film when Po is serving noodles to his customers and hears that Oogway is choosing the dragon warrior, he rushes to serve his food and the customers (a mother rabbit with her children) look frustrated and he children start crying. There are many stereotypes shown in the film, the most obvious one is about fat people. Po is seen to be an unlikely candidate for heroism merely because he doesn’t look the part. His overweight body, clumsy personality and eating habits imply than he is not worthy to become the dragon warrior.
The movie has a very clear message of respect for bodily differences. The Furious Five, a tigress, viper, monkey, crane, and mantis, all have different bodies. The mantis is tiny and fragile, and a great fighter. While there is a lot of humor and mockery based on fat jokes at the panda’s expense, he learns to believe in himself. Jack Black was the directors’ first choice for the role of Po; Po represented Jack Blacks personality, a charming, innocent, goodhearted character. Jack black has used his voice for many characters but this was the first time he used his own in Kung Fu Panda.
Stevenson, the director did a lot of research into making the film seem as real as possible; “It’s not a particular time period, but down to the details of roof shingles and water buckets and the tables and the cutlery, we did a lot of research to make sure that there was nothing in terms of the architecture or the references that would be incorrect”. Initially the directors wanted to address the film with a Chinese backdrop throughout. The target audience for Kung Fu Panda is initially for kids, after the screening, the kids in the audience were practicing their kung fu chops, obviously excited by the action of the film.
It is aimed at children who enjoy kung fu and action. The gender is for both girls and boys and conveys a good message. Since the film is based on kung fu it is obvious that the film originates from a Chinese background. The texts meaning effects the target from a passive persons point of view because it can lead people to agree with the fact that all fat people are lazy and don’t get anywhere in life. From an active persons point of view one might disagree and say that not all people are like that. To keep the audience entertained, the producers have used high quality animation effects and bright colors.
The characters each have different personalities which make the audience enjoy it more because they don’t get bored of just one character. Kung Fu Panda is a 2008 American animated film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It was directed by John Wayne Stevenson and Mark Osborne and produced by Melissa Cobb. The film was supposed to have been a parody but the director decided to shoot it as an action martial arts comedy in the spirit of Hong Kong. The film initially started showing in America on June 6th, 2008. The reviews were excellent. Kung Fu Panda opened in 4,114 theaters, and was a hit!
Grossing $20. 3 million on its opening day and $60. 2 million on its opening weekend. There are many camera shots used within the film. At the beginning of the film when Po stops dreaming, we see a long shot of Po and his surroundings. Within his surroundings we see Chinese bowls and dishes with chopsticks stacked in a pile. These images suggest that he is in a Chinese restaurant. We then see an extremely long shot which then shows us more dishes and pots. The camera angles we see when Po gets up are a ‘high angle shot’ which looks down upon Po making him seem slightly small at first.
The mise en scene throughout the film includes images and objects of kung fu warriors as well as Chinese cutlery and objects. This makes the audience feel as if they are in a Chinese surrounding and gives them an idea of the objects and people in a Chinese environment. The clothing of the people is also of a Chinese culture; the girls wear a traditional Chinese dress. Master Shifu has a long thin mustache which is traditional in the Chinese culture. The actions of the furious five in battle are kung fu moves which again reflect the Chinese culture.
One of the denotations in the film is when master Shifu accepts to teach Po kung fu and Po then gives up and starts running away, master Shifu then stops him. This scene captures the moment, we see a soft side to Po and how he feels about his weight. The connotation suggests that even a big animal such as Po needs someone to guide him no matter how tough he looks he still needs someone to believe in him in order to succeed. Ideology is a key aspect in the film. At the beginning we see that the whole valley idolizes master Oogway. However after his death we see that master Shifu is equally respected.
Po idolizes the furious five and dreams of becoming like them. We notice from the very start of the film his love towards the furious five. The film uses a linear narrative. The film is shown in chronological order; we can assume what the ending is going to be like. This is good technique for children as they do not get confused as to where the story is going to end. The film uses Propp’s narrative theory: there is a hero(Po), villain(Tai Lung), mentor(Master Oogway), helper(Master Shifu), dispatcher(Mr Ping), blocker(Furious five) and a prize(Dragon scroll) involved in the film. The genre for Kung Fu Panda is an Animation, Comedy theme.
We identify this through the funny comments Po makes and some of the situations involved for example; when Master Shifu has a mini battle with Po over a rice cake. The film is a sub-genre as it involves comedy. This means that the audience will be expecting to see funny scenes throughout the film. The film addresses these expectations and has achieved the title of being a ‘fun, animation comedy’. Overall, the film conveys a variety of messages; the most obvious one is that the individual who believes in himself will succeed, even if the odds are against him-This is explained by Po’s determination and his victory towards the end.
The furious five learn that they should not judge by first impressions, and that their own superior knowledge and skills do not entitle them to humiliate those who are less competent. The secret of the dragon scroll also indicates the powerful role played by belief in structuring human behaviour. When Po’s father explains to him that the secret is in his noodle soup is ‘nothing’ and that things are only made special if people believe they are special, Po is able to relate it to the dragon scroll. He realises that things don’t just happen, you have to believe in yourself in order to achieve.
Nestle Internal Communication high school essay help: high school essay help
Organisation & Communication Nestle and Internal Communication Nestle announced in a press release on the 18th of April 2011 that it is setting up a new partnership with well-established, family-owned Chinese food company Yinlu (Nestle to enter, 2011). The company will take on a 60% share of its Asian partner. 1. Nestle’s decision to enter partnership with Chinese food company Yinlu Foods Group (Yinlu) is an example of a combination between merging and reorganisation. The companies signed a partnership agreement that allows Nestle to take a 60% stake in Yinlu.
Once a manager has identified resistance to change from a certain source in the organisation, he has to choose the most appropriate way to reduce it, out of seven different methods (Robbins & Coulter, 2009, p. 281). These methods are listed below. Education and communication – to inform the employees about the benefits of the change and teach them how to adapt to it. Participation – to have the change opponents take part in the decision-making. Facilitation and support – to provide counselling, therapy, training or a leave of absence for the individual(s) to cope with the change.
Manipulation – to influence the opposing group by means of dishonesty. Co-optation – a form of manipulation and participation. Selecting people who accept change – people open to risks and change. Coercion – the use of direct threats and support. 5. Managers’ role in the change process is crucial and multi-faceted. Their responsibility is to make the change take place smoothly and without getting in the way of the organisational objectives. When change occurs, managers must act as change agents, meaning that they take the responsibility for managing the change process.
However, it is important to keep in mind that they must also be change leaders – assuming the responsibility to lead the change effort (Robbins & Coulter, 2009, pp. 277-286). 6. The internal communication department plays an essential role in the successful life of a company. It deals with the exchange of information between all parties involved because the overall performance of the company depends on how well the internal relationships are managed.
Angelina Jolie-Psych Eval and Bio essay help services: essay help services
I chose Angelina Jolie. Most of you have heard about her affairs and crazy lifestyle. I chose Angelina because it seemed like she had made some crazy irrational decisions. She’s also had quite a long career so I knew I would have a lot of information. I learned so much about her it was awesome. I knew there were a lot of underlying psychological things involved with her and it was great to analyze her. You could say Angelina was born ready to be a star, born in LA on June 4th, 1975 to an already famous father, Jon Voight, her mother was also an actress and model. Her parents ended up splitting up before Angelina was even two.
After the split Angelina and her brother moved to Palisades, New York with their mother. Angelina grew up happy. She developed the hobby of collecting snakes and lizards. Even at a young age Angelina would wear flashy clothes and dance around ready to draw attention and make people laugh. She was even in a group of girls called the Kissy Girls; these were the girls who would chase boys around the playground just to kiss them. Jolie’s family spent a lot of time in the theatre attending movie screenings. Jolie claims this is where her desire to become an actress began.
In 1986 the family moved back to LA after a series of moves elsewhere. She decided to go forward with her ambition of acting. She then enrolled at Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute, where she appeared in many stage productions over the course of two years. She was not the only one who wanted to become a star at her Beverly Hills High school but she wasn’t like the normal preppy, polished, good looking students there. She was skinny with braces; her family wasn’t rich so she wore clothes from the thrift store. Her self esteem started to go down after some failed attempts to model.
The critics were ruthless and she just felt ugly and worthless. Her father wasn’t around, she was never in one place, and her family wasn’t well to do like the other children. She turned to cutting herself to distract her from her emotional pain. She then gave up on modeling and started wearing dark make-up and dark clothes, having her punk boyfriend who was into some kinky stuff. The scar still remains from where Angelina once asked him to run a knife across her jaw line. After the relationship came to an end, at the age of 16 she moved into an apartment by her mother and got back into acting.
She finally got a role as a German dominatrix. Acting helped Angelina and her father’s relationship. They began spending more time together and not fighting as much. After Angelina lost the braces and the glasses she was finally accepted as a model in LA, New York, and London. Even though success had arrived for Angelina, her self-worth continued to rise and fall, so deep at one point she attempted to hire a hit man to do herself in. He gave her time to think about it, being the nice hit man that he was, and she reconsidered.
She appeared in some of her brother’s films while he was a student. Very early in her career people began to notice Angelina’s sex appeal. She lived for attention and had that bad girl/mysterious act. She met her first husband, Jonny Lee Miller, while filming Hackers. She began to exploit her freaky sex life and how she had an interest in blood and death. She began to receive a lot of roles in movies, usually some twisted thriller playing roles such as a girl who gets a crush on a man who’s keen on her mother and a young teenage girl who helps kill a teacher.
She began to win Golden Globes for movies like George Wallace and Gia. After winning the Golden Globe for Gia she jumped into the pool completely clothed as her way of celebrating. She continued to receive many roles which were usually of some sexy but butt-kicking woman. She began to adopt children in 2001 when she got Maddox from Cambodia. She also began actively supporting causes. Over time Angelina went through her series of what seemed like depression and bad relationships. She married and divorced Billy Bob Thorton after her first failed marriage.
Rumors started to arise that Angelina was a home-wrecker after the filming of Taking Lives when Ethan Hawke and Uma Thurman divorced, even though it was found to be another lady in his life. She met her current Husband, Brad Pitt after filming Mr. and Mrs. Smith. This caused a lot of bad talk about Jolie who was believed to have stolen Brad from Jennifer Aniston. They are still married and continue to adopt children. I see Angelina as being an ESFP. She seems like she spent some time living on the edge and not carrying these qualities completely (the cutting) but now I think she grew to value life and all it has to offer.
She works with charities in Cambodia so of course she likes to put things into action. She spends a lot of time acting and all over the world which means she meets a lot of people and adapts easily. Angelina seemed to strive to be independent. She wanted to prove she could be strong and powerful. Her mother was a very caring and gentle person and I think that’s what led Angelina to do so much in Cambodia. I think her tough relationships gave her the opportunity to strengthen her independence. Her lack of a father figure drove her to be boy-crazy, but I think the death of her mother made her realize a lot in life.
She’s done a lot of crazy things but a lot of good as well. Angelina did a lot of crazy things throughout her life. She partied, she cut herself, and she was promiscuous. I think it’s pretty obvious that these were things that stemmed from experiences she had gone through. I don’t think Angelina ever sat down and really thought about what REALLY caused her to feel that way or to want to do those things. As she went on into adulthood and at the present time, it seems she allowed herself time to reflect. She has now got very deep into some things and has stuck to supporting them.
She has children that she has adopted from Cambodia and she also donates money to a village there. She’s still very dark and serious. I also still have the feeling that she has so many children to make sure she is never alone. Angelina mostly grew up without a father; I think this made her very strong. However, I also think her lack of a father figure is what brought on her cries for attention and promiscuity. She has children that she has adopted from Cambodia and she also donates money to a village there.
I also still have the feeling that she has so many children to make sure she is never alone. I think there will always be a dark side of Angelina and I think there’s still a lot of pain in there that she doesn’t recognize. I would say even given her circumstances that Angelina does exhibit mostly normal behavior. There are some qualities/aspects that would lead me to believe she could be bi-polar and anxious. Humanistic Though I didn’t read anything about it I’m sure she excelled all through school. She seems she would be very smart, but use it for manipulation at some points.
She’s also seen a lot, which had probably helped open her mind, allowing her to get more in touch with some of her emotions. I think this was what also drove her to be different. She got out there, realized she was beautiful and that people would still love her regardless. There came a time when she took advantage of that as well, however. I really think the humanistic psychology perspective would apply for Angelina. It’s a lot of self-help; she seems like the type of woman who would like to accomplish things for herself on her own. It takes a different approach out of looking inside you and making yourself whole.
One article says “Humanistic psychology offers us the most faithful, hopeful, and loving path toward our own wholeness and for addressing the most pressing social issue of our times” (Schneider, James, Bugental, & Pierson, 2001) I think Angelina has even already slightly adapted this by doing charity work and adopting children from less fortunate countries. I also think however that she did this to compensate for her loneliness and her need to feel loved. I think she likes to feel like she’s a free spirit and this is another reason why I think the humanistic psychology applies to her.
It’s about experiencing everything you can to fill like you actually LIVED! It’s so weird learning all of these different concepts of motivation. I’ve really torn this lady apart over the past few weeks. There’s so much that could tie into who we are/who we become. I’ve noticed that even in the two approaches I described above, I think the reason she started the whole “free spirit” type of thing was to get rid of pain. Maybe she’s not as strong as she seems, it’s a lot easier to act peaceful and serene when everyone else thinks that’s your position.
I still have to say that I don’t think that genetics have anything to do with how you turn out. I think there’s plenty of good theories and concepts that are able to define all types of behaviors. I really enjoy psychology; this has been a great class for me. I plan to get a degree in psychology after I finish my current degree. I just enjoy learning about the mind and how people develop and learn how to live. It’s fascinating to me. I’ve learned a lot of the reasons for some of the behaviors I have in my own life. Identifying what was behind these behaviors gave me a better angle at changing them. I’ve gotten a lot out of this class.
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