He was known as a literary man who wrote histories (now lost). Brutus divorced his first wife in 44 b. c and married his second cousin, Porcia Catonis. This caused a scandal in the family because Brutus did not have a legitimate reason to divorce his first wife, Claudia. His mother was the mistress of Caesar, and some say that Caesar may have been his father. Brutus had done very well in the roman government.
He allied himself as general during the civil war outbreak in 49 b. c. He then became the governor of Macedonia in 44 b. c, and consulship in 41 b. c. When Brutus joined senate, he was convinced to join the. Other senators in a conspiracy to kill Caesar. The people had the fear of Caesar gaining overall power after his vow as “dictator for life”. Marcus Junius Brutus was born in Macedonia in 85 BC. He was the son of Marcus Junius, who was killed in Pompey in 77 b. c. his mother, Servila, was Caesars’ lover. He was known as a literary man who wrote histories (now lost).
Brutus divorced his first wife in 44 b. c and married his second cousin, Porcia Catonis. This caused a scandal in the family because Brutus did not have a legitimate reason to divorce his first wife, Claudia. His mother was the mistress of Caesar, and some say that Caesar may have been his father. Brutus had done very well in the roman government. He allied himself as general during the civil war outbreak in 49 b. c. He then became the governor of Macedonia in 44 b. c, and consulship in 41 b. c. When Brutus joined senate, he was convinced to join the. Other senators in a conspiracy to kill Caesar.
The people had the fear of Caesar gaining overall power after his vow as “dictator for life”. Marcus Junius Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus comes from a family that has history with government conspiracy. Lucius Junius Brutus was a relative of Marcus. He was the consulate of Rome, and a republic ruler in 510 b. c. He came to power after the Tarquin was taken off the throne. A conspiracy developed from some citizens that they were planning to bring the Tarquin back from exile. It was found that Lucius’s sons, Titus and Tiberius, were involved.
They were sent to be executed under Lucius’s rule. The twist is that, Lucius being the father of the family, he has power over life and death, and his sons still were executed. Later, the Tarquin returned with a vengeance and a war started. Lucius was killed during a battle with the Tarquins’ son Arruns, who was killed by Lucius. Marcus Junius Brutus was a successful, sneaky, clever, powerful man. Until he was driven out of Rome and committed suicide after a defeat in Philippi. Marcus is known as the man who killed Caesar. He is infamous and earned it.
A well-educated man with many links to intelligent people of the time, he was well respected, and hated. Marcus Junius Brutus comes from a family that has history with government conspiracy. Lucius Junius Brutus was a relative of Marcus. He was the consulate of Rome, and a republic ruler in 510 b. c. He came to power after the Tarquin was taken off the throne. A conspiracy developed from some citizens that they were planning to bring the Tarquin back from exile. It was found that Lucius’s sons, Titus and Tiberius, were involved. They were sent to be executed under Lucius’s rule.
The twist is that, Lucius being the father of the family, he has power over life and death, and his sons still were executed. Later, the Tarquin returned with a vengeance and a war started. Lucius was killed during a battle with the Tarquins’ son Arruns, who was killed by Lucius. Marcus Junius Brutus was a successful, sneaky, clever, powerful man. Until he was driven out of Rome and committed suicide after a defeat in Philippi. Marcus is known as the man who killed Caesar. He is infamous and earned it. A well-educated man with many links to intelligent people of the time, he was well respected, and hated.
The History of Bubble Gum online essay help: online essay help
It’s been around for centuries—from the ancient Greeks to the American Indians, everyone’s chewed it. But the best kind of gum—bubble gum! —wasn’t invented until 1928, when an enterprising young accountant at Fleer Gum and Candy used his spare time to experiment with different recipes. (McCarthy, 2010) II. Bubble gum is a type of chewing gum that is especially designed for blowing bubbles (McCarthy, 2010) III.
Chewing bubble gum is a common habit in many countries, and although it can offer great pleasure to many individuals, it is also a nemesis for countless parents, school teachers and building custodians because this sticky intruder is often found in children’s hair, on bed posts and under tables, chairs and desk and or sticks to the soles of shoes (Kahtani, 1999). IV. Today I would like to inform you about the invention and commercialism of bubble gum, modern bubble gum today. Transition: Now that I’ve gotten your attention about bubble gum, let’s find out when and how it was invented.
Body I. Bubble gum was the “brain child” Frank Fleer of the Fleer Corporation (Wardlaw, 1997) A. In the early 1880, two brothers, Henry and Frank Fleer began experimenting with chicle the sticky substance found in sapodilla trees (Wardlaw, 1997) a. The tasteless chicle was called “Chicklets” B. In 1906, Frank Fleer unveiled the first bubble gum ever (Wardlaw, 1997) a. It was named Blibber-Bubble b. It was unsuccessful because it was to brittle c. It produced sticky wet bubbles that splattered when burst d.
Had to be removed from the face with turpentine (Redclift, 2004) II. The major difference between bubble gum and chewing gum is the base a. Chewing gum base is a natural gum called chicle harvested from the sap of a tropical tree called a Sopapilla tree. This kind of gum is chewy, but it will not blow to form a large bubble (Khan, 2010) b. Bubble gum base, on the other hand, is a mixture of starches and polymers made in a laboratory and specially formulated to blow big bubbles (Khan, 2010) Transition:
As time assed, many experiments were carried out to obtain different type of gums either in the form of chewing gum or in the form of a bubble gum. III. Bubble gum, as we know it, was created by “accident” A. In 1928, Walter Diemer and accountant for the Fleer Coporation, experimented on new gum recipes in his spare time (McCarthy, 2010) 1. It was less sticky than previous attempts a. It was named “Dubble Bubble” (McCarthy, 2010) 2.
In Diemer’s words, “It was an accident, I was doing something else and ended up with something with bubbles. ‘ (Khan, 2010) a. He was actually attempting to make a new rubber product b. Diemer colored his creation pink because it was the only food coloring he had at the time i. Though many colors of bubble gum are on the market, pink remains the most popular color. B. Diemer’s invention so successful that it sold over a million and a half dollars worth of gum in the first year (Wardlaw, 1997) 1. To test his new recipe, Diemer took samples of the new gum over to a local store and it sold out in a single day. (Wardlaw, 1997) a.
By 1941 children were buying 45 million worth of bubble gum a year (Wardlaw, 1997) 2. Walter Diemer did not have the patent to his invention on his name and he also never received any money for his invention (Wardlaw, 1997). Transition: Now that I have given you a brief history of how bubble came into existence, let’s take a look at bubble gum today. III. Modern Bubble Gum A. Nowadays our consumption of bubble gum is a 19 billion dollar industry (McCarthy, 2010) 1. Bubble gum today has become a part and parcel of everybody’s life a.
Kids in North America spend approximately half a billion dollars on bubble gum every year. (Kahtani, 1999) b. The average American chews over 300 sticks of bubble gum each year c. Most bubble gum is sold between Holloween and Christmas Conclusion I. So, in conclusion, not only have you probably never considered the history of something as ordinary as bubble gum, I am hopeful that you were at least intrigued by some of my findings. II. Gum is one of the most popular, common and ancient things we put into our mouths every day. No matter what kind of gum you fancy, it’s always interesting to learn the history of something.
Business Plan global history essay help: global history essay help
Infinite Sausage and Tocino Company is a Wholesaler and a Retailer. D. Statement of Financing Need II. Executive Summary III. Description of Venture A. Product and Service * Tocino – Pork A popular recipe handed down from Spanish and Chinese kitchen wizards in the Philippines long ago. Infinite Sausage and Tocino is Philippine style, sliced and seasoned pork cured to perfection. Improved upon in taste, treatment and texture by doting, Infinite Sausage has been hailed by many families,tasteful, exotic preparation of pork recipes.
Try this delicious taste for yourself today, and be sure to try our Chicken Tocino as well! * Lumpia – Chicken Infinite Chicken Lumpia comes ready to cook, no mixing ingredients, no wrapping, just cook and enjoy! Serve as a delicious appetizer, side dish, or entree. Also, try Infinite Pork and Beef Lumpia * Lumpia – Pork Infinite Pork Lumpia is a Philippine style egg roll that has mixed vegetables and pork. The egg roll wrapper is a special concoction in itself. Great for all kinds of parties, picnics, or just treating the family to a great meal.
Infinite Lumpia always caries a distinct native Filipino flavoring all its own. Also, try Infinite Chicken and Beef Lumpia today! * Philippine BBQ Stick Infinite Philippine BBQ Sticks are delicious pork pieces marinated with a special blend of juices and spices for maximum flavor and tenderness, and placed on a skewer for easy barbeque grilling and enjoyment! * Adobo – Pork Infinite Pork Adobo is a delicious blend of tender cooked pork, covered in a mouth watering sauce, and carefully simmered to perfection.
Infinite Adobo comes ready to eat, in a boilable plastic bag, that you simply drop in boiling water, heat, and serve. A classic Filipino dish that can be enjoyed in just minutes! * Longanisa – Pork This Spanish-American influenced prime-mixture sausage prepared with pineapple juice and other authentic Filipino spices are hearty favorites during any time of the day. The built-in good and homey taste in every pack of this Filipino longanisa makes it one of the most sought after food items under the Infinite brand.
And because it is so easy and convenient to prepare anytime, you’ll surely make it a favorite part of your regular family fare. * Tocino – Chicken Chicken Tocino is a new taste from the Infinite family. Combining the same special seasoning as Infinite Pork Tocino, with the fresh taste of Chicken. Try it, and your taste buds will thank you! * Beef Tapa Infinte Beef Tapa is sliced and cured beef. This has been seasoned and tenderized for a unique taste that will sure please the taste buds. * Embotido A popular favorite whenever special friend gets together during holidays.
Infinite Embotido combines cured pork, vegetables, and cured dark turkey to create a delicious meal the whole family can enjoy. A recipe that has been influenced by Spanish cooking that has been handed down to generations. A tasty entree, great as canaps or for anytime of the day. Best of all, Infinite Embotido is fast to prepare because Infinite Embotido is fully cooked, just heat, serve, and enjoy! B. Size of Business Macro Business The macro environment includes economic, technological, societal and governmental influences. A retailer must understand the role of each to compete within the retail industry.
The macro environment consists of anything and everything from the world outside of a business, which could have an effect on it. Being aware of these factors and being ready to adapt and change with them is crucial for a business to stay relevant over a prolonged period of time. Infinite Sausage and tocino provides us with some great examples of how businesses adapt and change, and it is one of the biggest worldwide corporations. If it has to keep changing and reinventing itself, then it shows businesses of any size really need to be aware of macro environmental factors.
Generally there is a trend toward more appealing and attractive brews as potential customers either are moving to the urban areas as a result of urbanization or are satisfied with an existing brew in their area. Research indicates that those in the rural areas are often satisfied with the existing brew due to lack of access to other higher-quality brews, whilst the new generation of executives being more educated and aware of the global environment wants to be seen drinking something attractive and recognized by others–status recognition.
In addition this same market is not only more image conscious but appreciative of a quality brew as it is more selective. Therefore with the emergence of this generation of individuals, the appreciation of quality brews and packaging, dictates that our product lines will be popular. C. Office Equipment and Personnel * Computers and monitors * Printers * Photocopiers * Fax machines * Telephones * Vending and hot drink machines * Energy labelling schemes Personnel: Top Management Positions * Rochel Cabanada is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or President.
This person will be the driving force behind the company; she will make things happen, put together the resources to support the company and take the product to the market place. * Junilyn Rena Cuizon is the Chief Operating Officer (COO), Vice President of Operations or General Manager. An organizer, an inside manager or an operations person, this person is the one who will make sure company operations flow smoothly and economically. She is responsible for making certain that necessary work is done properly and on time.
An understanding of details of the business and an enjoyment of handling details are necessary. * Princess Pacaro is the Vice President of Marketing or Marketing Manager. Few businesses can be successful without marketing their products to the customer. The individual in this slot must have both marketing and industry experience. * Queenie Galamiton is the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) or Controller. You may wish to establish two positions or combine both roles into one. The responsibility of one role is to seek money; that is, to look for investors and deal with banks, lenders, etc.
This function also could be assigned to another team member, such as the CEO or the General Manager. The responsibility in the Controller role is to manage money and watch over the assets of the company. It is not uncommon to have the same individual seek money and manage money. * Arcie Yorong is the Vice President of Production or Production Manager. Good production managers with specific industry knowledge and experience are sometimes difficult to find. In the beginning, you may subcontract some production. Key Personnel * Lyon Nickolai Sazon is the Operations manager.
This individual is the leader for the operation and has overall responsibility for the financial success of the business. The operations manager handles external relations with lenders, community leaders and vendors. Frequently, this individual also is in charge of either production or marketing for the business. This person will set in motion the vision, strategic plan and goals for the business. * Rodel Besas is the Purchasing manager. Duties of this position may be filled by either or both the general manager/top management person and the office manager.
The supervisor or lead person often also is involved. IV. Industry Analysis A. Analysis of Competitors Our key personnel have a wide and thorough knowledge of the local manufacturing market and expertise, which will go towards penetrating the market. However we acknowledge our weakness of a medium-sized company without a lot of experience, and the threat of new competition taking aim at our niche. Below are the summarized strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society law essay help: law essay help
The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society Illiteracy in America can have negative and devastating effects on society as a whole. The effects that illiteracy has range from embarrassment to low self-esteem as well as high crime rates. Illiteracy seems to have an even more devastating effect in the lower income communities. Based on that, Johnathan Kozol wrote “The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society,” that was an article in Illiterate America (1985) to show how illiteracy lowers people’s quality of life, reduce the education, and prevents them take part in democratic society fully.
Negative effects of illiteracy in America are also heavy in politics. One has to wonder how someone who cannot read or write manages to vote. In order for a person to vote or make a wise decision about who they should vote for, and one must know how to read. As Jonathan Kozol writes”: The number of illiterate adults exceeds by 16 million the entire vote cast for the winner in the 1980 presidential contest. If even one third of all illiterates could vote, and read enough and so sufficient math to vote in their self-interest, Ronald Regan would not likely have been chosen president.
There is, of course, no way to know for sure” (253). Most illiterate people that do vote based on what the person looks like but not for what they know about the person and what he or she can do to help. If 60 million people in the United States cannot read, then they cannot cast a vote truly representation of their opinions. As Kozol Claims, the United States has in fact become a government “of those two thirds whose wealth, skin color, or parental privilege allows them opportunity to profit from the provocation and instruction of written word” (253).
Every day, the illiterates suffer in the panic of life that they cannot understand. It can affect their parenting roles when the illiterates cannot read or write note to their children’ teacher, even they are not able to help with the homework. Illiterates cannot practice with many regular health measures or heed health dangers such as medications can pose a great danger on illiterates because they cannot read to educate themselves about instructions. Especially, illiterates are endangers by not being able to read stipulations. They would be scared and intimidated by lack of understanding.
In addition, due to the illiteracy of some women and lack of help in under –privileged hospital, incorrect surgeries have been performed on unsuspecting women and taken away their right of child-bearing. Illiterates cannot manage living expenses. They cannot pay bills easily and often spend more than necessary. They also have to rely on others to know what is going on or explain things to them. Their rights are being violated as citizens because they are not fully informed; they need ask the others but some of whom are not really trustworthy. Illiterates lack the comfort of being able to even do such simple things as emergency phone numbers.
In particularity, driving down a street and not knowing how to read the street sings can be scary to an illiterate person Small to big situations, such as ordering food to calling for help are all fears in the everyday life of an illiterate. The fear of not knowing, the fear of being humiliated, the fear of being insure of the rights are all sometimes more problematic than the issue at hand. Sometimes illiterates would rather suffer in silence than be humiliated by someone finding out they cannot read. Kozol uses the essay “The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society” to demonstrate the effects illiteracy has on society.
He shows different examples, some of which are dramatic; to portray the dangers illiteracy poses in such simple everyday life tasks. He also explains how illiteracy can have effects on society as a whole. He feels that government has neglected this issue for too long. Kozol hopes this essay can recruit the reader into an effort to get the problem of illiteracy addressed and corrected.
Sonny’s Blues Biblograpghy essay help: essay help
The power struggle in “Sonny’s Blues” Baldwin, James. Sonny’s Blues. 10th ed. N. p. : publisher, 1957. Print. This article discusses how an unnamed narrator in “Sonny’s Blues” discovers from a newspaper that his younger brother, Sonny, has been arrested for selling and using heroin. It shows a inside view of the narrators feeling towards his brother Sonny. In the story “Sonny’s Blues” you will see how concerned he becomes about his brother.
You will see a great deal of love, patience, and understanding come out in this character, For the narrator’s mother had asked him to serve as his brother’s keeper before she passed away. This story is my primary source and I will use it heavily to express my points on the world view of the character. I also plan to further discuss how such brotherly love takes place in this story and how the narrator ends up having a better understanding of his brother’s choices on how music makes his inner thoughts and feelings turn in to reality and how they are expressed through his piano playing. Shmoop Editorial Team.
The Narrator Timeline in Sonny’s Blues” Shmoop. com. Shmoop University, Inc. , 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. Shmoop Editorial Team. “Sonny’s Blues Summary” Shmoop. com. Shmoop University, Inc. , 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. These articles summarize the character view points from the narrator and his brother Sonny. It helps to sum up the main events in the story “Sonny’s Blues”. I am going to use this article to help support my points in how the character begins to change his view point on his brother Sonny, and how the character meets that change he needed to find to keep his promise to his mother and to regain faith in his brother.
SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Music in Sonny’s Blues. ” SparkNotes. com. SparkNotes LLC. 2007. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Sonny’s Blues. ” SparkNotes. com. SparkNotes LLC. 2007. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. These notes help in understanding the conflict in the story “Sonny’s Blues”. It reviews how Sonny was before and after he got into trouble and started his music career. I will be able to pull from these notes and use them to further discuss the thoughts of the narrator and explain how this conflict was resolved.
You will see a great deal of love, patience, and understanding come out in this character, For the narrator’s mother had asked him to serve as his brother’s keeper before she passed away. This story is my primary source and I will use it heavily to express my points on the world view of the character. It reviews how Sonny was before and after he got into trouble and started his music career. I will be able to pull from these notes and use them to further discuss the thoughts of the narrator and explain how this conflict was resolved.
O’Daniel, Therman Benjamin. James Baldwin, a critical evaluation. Howard Univ Pr, 1977.
Kinnamon, Keneth. James Baldwin: a collection of critical essays. Vol. 113. Prentice Hall, 1974.
Ro, Sigmund. Rage and celebration: essays on contemporary Afro-American writing. Solum Forlag, 1984.
Baker, David. Humanities through the black experience. Ed. Phyllis Rauch Klotman. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, 1977.
Tracy, Steven C. “From Blues to Bop.” MELUS 19.3 (1994): 133-136.
Breton, Marcela. “An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Jazz Short Stories.” African American Review 26.2 (1992): 299-306.
Buddhism vs. Christianity essay help tips: essay help tips
The foundation of Buddhism is based upon personal mental anguish and guilt if committing a wrongdoing. Christianity on the other hand has firm beliefs of sins that are punishable by separation from God the Creator. The Buddhist Karmic Law and Christian Moral Code however are very comparable in values and beliefs but the way in which they are carried out are where the differences become apparent.
The beliefs and morals of the two religions are very similar on the surface; the differences between Buddhism and Christianity become visible in the way in which the followers of each faith carry out their religious life. The ethics and moral conducts that are involved in the Buddhist faith are very detailed and complex rules put into different categories. Two different sets of religious laws in the faith are the five precepts and the eightfold path that are followed by the lay and clergy of Buddhism.
The five precepts of Buddhism are to avoid taking the life of all living beings not just humans, do not ever take anything that is not given to you the object received must be specifically intended for you, and avoid any delinquencies of the senses including things other than sexual misconducts such as gluttony, persons are to abstain from false speech such as lies, deceptions, and slanders, lastly a Buddhist of strong faith must avoid any intoxicants because intoxicants very often lead to breaking the other precepts (Oxtoby).
In comparison to the Christian Ten Commandments that are punishable the Five Precepts are not punishable. Rather these precepts are to be looked upon as training mechanisms for the Buddhist people. These precepts are not punishable because a large part the Buddhism is intense personal mental anguish and guilt to strengthen the believer. The eightfold path is another tool used in the Buddhist faith. The eight steps of the path are divided into three different parts wisdom, ethical conduct, and mental development (Oxtoby). The first two components of the path make up the wisdom portion; they are right view and right intention.
Right view is considered by Buddhists to be the beginning and end of the eightfold path. To move to the next step on the path one must grasp the ever-changing nature of the world, the unimportance of ones possessions and objects and fully understand the laws of karma. Right intention is the second aspect of the path the three intentions are intentions of renunciation, of good will, and harmlessness, which simply means to act without harming others. The next three steps of the path are in the category of ethical conduct; they are right speech, right action, and right livelihood.
Right speech is a guideline to moral discipline because words can greatly affect a person’s life, this too involves the concept of avoiding lying, slandering and using harsh words. Right Action is the next step that involves not harming any living beings, not taking anything not intended for you, and sexual misconducts. Right livelihood gives the faithful four things to avoid that are dealing weapons, dealing in beings even cattle, meat production or butchering, and selling intoxicants. The last three components of the path are classified under mental development.
Right effort is the first and gives Buddhists four endeavors, preventing the rising of unwholesome states, to abandon already risen unwholesome states, to arouse the wholesome states, and maintain wholesome states already rose. Right Mindfulness involves contemplation of body, feeling, state of mind, and phenomena. Right Concentration is detailed as unification of the mind, concentration on wholesome things, this is obtained through the practice of meditation (Oxtoby). The ethical and moral codes of Christianity are comparable to Buddhist beliefs in essence because the morals of the religion are similar.
The differences between these two religions are noticeable not in the moral codes but in the way the codes affect the religious and each religions respective view of a God or Creator. The moral code of Christianity is primarily just an expansion of the morals that most people follow. Christian ethics are founded upon the belief of moral objectives being embedded within all persons. The moral code of Christianity was passed from God the Creator down to the created human beings not to cause difficulties for His people; rather the codes of Christianity are intended to help the faithful to lead a life by God’s example.
The primary moral system of Christianity is the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments are thou shalt have no gods before me, thou shalt not worship false idols, thou shalt not take the lords name in vein, keep holy the Sabbath day, honor your father and mother, thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not commit adultery, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods. These commandments are crucial to the morality of Christians, they are the guidelines passed down by The Creator that are necessary to follow in order to live a Christ like life.
Views of afterlife and death are another area where the religions of Christianity and Buddhism differ greatly. The Buddhist concept of afterlife primarily relies on transmigration, which Buddha explained as a row of candles being lit all by the flame of the candle that precedes it. This simply shows that each life is affected by what one accomplishes or do not accomplish in a person’s previous life. The Buddhist view of a heaven is called Nirvana, which is a state of final liberation for the Buddhist people. In Nirvana the faithful has cleansed themselves of all desires and selfish motives.
The Buddhist belief Anatta explains that we do not have souls because nothing can be recognized as immortal (Oxtoby). The Christian perceptions of afterlife and death almost seem to be polar opposites of the beliefs of the Buddhist faith. As directly opposed to the Buddhist faith Christians believe in an afterlife and no reincarnation. The Christian place for those who have been saved is simply called Heaven. It is impossible for the Christians to save themselves as is possible in Buddhism but rather Christians rely on God’s saving grace and living a divinely inspired life to reach the Promised Land.
A person’s earthly conduct is what will eventually lead them to eternal salvation with God or for sinners’ eternal damnation in Hell. Purgatory is the third destination for Christian believers. Purgatory is an empty space described as a limbo where the soul is sent for preparation for entrance into heaven. It is stated in Christianity that people who have venial sins on their soul when they decease. In order to be completely saved one must erase all trace of sins from the soul, purgatory is a cleansing place for these people in preparation for heaven.
The main difference between the views of these two religions is that Christians maintain that a person’s being carries on following death and the actions of ones life, sins or good deeds, ultimately determine ones destination in the afterlife, while Buddhists state that there is no ultimate destination for the soul but one’s essence is strictly reborn again. In addition to these five precepts and eightfold path Buddhism also has Four Noble Truths to exemplify the suffering during a humans life. They are Dukkha, Samudaya, Nirohda and Magga (Oxtoby).
These truths are the path of suffering the existence, the cause, the end, and how to get to the end or eightfold path. All in all, the faiths of Buddhism and Christianity are similar in each respective moral code, but are extremely divided in the concepts that branch off from their governing moral laws. Other divisions between the two religions are apparent in their views of a God of creation. Christians believe in having a strong relationship with God, while Buddhists maintain that there is no creator.
There are many Buddhists that worship multiple gods in addition to their worship of Buddha; Christians however worship no god other than that of the Lord Creator. To worship another god is blasphemy, according to Christianity. Another concept where these religions differentiate is the perception of salvation. Buddhism beliefs of salvation rely on personal growth and freeing oneself from all yearnings (Oxtoby). The Christian perceptions of salvation are considered by the faithful to rely upon God’s saving grace, along with living an ideal Christian life.
The Christian religion strongly believes that to be saved, one must accept the sacrifice God made through Jesus Christ dying on the cross and completely trust in God’s methods of salvation. The concept of sins are involved in the beliefs of salvation in both of these religions. Buddhist remain faithful to the concept that while there cannot be sin against a god because they do not believe in a creator, sin and living an unrighteous life will hold you back from reaching Nirvana. The Christian religion maintains that sin plays a major part in God’s salvation of humanity.
Another massive divide between the religions is the view on human life. Buddhists see the human form to have little worth because of its temporary nature; Christians on the other hand maintain that human beings are of incredible importance because people were made in the likeness of God. Other than on terms of moral grounds of Buddhism and Christianity are avidly different faiths.
Database Design online essay help: online essay help
In order for a database to be truly functional, it must not only store large amounts of record, but also be able to access those records fast and efficiently. In addition, new information and changes should also be easy to input. ” (tech-faq. com) To be useful over a long term the database should be able to store all the records necessary for the business to function as well as be able to get all of this information back in case of a system failure or a crash.
If all the information is loss a business could go bankrupt so the database is a fail safe for all the information the company has. In the case of an Art Museum that tracks all of its artwork, artists, and locations where all their art is displayed or stored within the museum they would defiantly need a database with a failsafe to store all their information. If the Museum for any reason was every hacked and all their information was deleted or corrupted they would need to know where all their art was without having to physically go through every building and relocate each art piece.
This is the same with their artist information (phone number, amount owed to the artist, painting the artist gave to the museum, ect). Without the database all of this information could be easily lost or misplaced if it was all stored on a piece of paper like in the older days. Or if the building burnt down they would also lose all this valuable information. When it is stored in a database it can be kept in a separate location and even kept offline to make sure it wasn’t hacked or the information wasn’t manipulated in anyway.
The database architecture a set of specific rules, processes, and specifications that dictate how data is accessed by components of the system and how this data is stored in the database. ” (wingenious. com) There are three types of architecture that the database can be processed on and that is what tier of architecture the database is. “Imagine a person on a desktop computer who uses Microsoft Access to load up a list of personal addresses and phone numbers that he or she has saved in MS Windows “My Documents” folder.
This is an example of a one-tier database architecture” (Windowsecutity. com) “A two tier client/server architecture is one in which a user interacts through a Graphical User Interface to communicate with the database server across a network via Structured Query Langauage. ” (Windowsecurity. com) Last is an N-Tier Clinet/Server Architecutre. “Most n-tier database architectures exist in a three-tier configuration. In this architecture the client server model expands to include a middle tier (business tier) which is an application server that houses the business logic.
This middle tier relieves the client application and the database server of some of their processing duties by translating client calls into database queries and translating data from the database into client data in return. ” (windowsecurity. com) The one tier is best suited for single users that have a small amount of information to store. It will run on the machine the user is using and will store it on the machines (computer, tablet, cellphone, ect) and has to use a physical resource to access and process this information. If you have multiply users and a small scale of applications you would use the two tier client/server architecture.
This would be an example of anyone that uses the internet and access some information off of a server. This information is stored on a server and not on their local machine as in an one tier architecture. For larger scale applications you would have to use a N Tier client/server architecture. An example of this would be a shopping cart on any website that you can order a product off of. “The user will pick what they want to buy which they do so by interacting with the Graphic User Interface and with the application and the application server. ” (exforsys. om)
The database the museum would use is a two tier client/server architecture. They could keep all their information on a server and actually use an intranet instead of the internet to locate all the information they need for their everyday use. The challenges would be that the system could be overloaded if too many requests were made at one time. This could be overcome by increasing the bandwidth of the network you are working on though. The other thing that could cause challenges is all the processing is done on a few central computers.
The use of this two ier system for the museum would be to have a specific location of each piece of art and where it is located in the museum. They could know where they had all their art located from world renowned artist all the way to the ones they kept from local artist. If they wanted to replace some art they were displaying with art they were storing they could check to see where they were storing the piece easily go and find it and replace it with the one they are displaying. When this is done they could go into the system and replace both art with where they are now stored/displayed at.
The scope of the system would be mainly word information, visual information, and numerical information. It would be stored by artist/painting/location for the actual paintings themselves along with the year it was painted and any information associated with the painting. For the artist you would have to display not only textual information, but also numerical information (phone numbers, addresses, ect) so you could contact the artist at any time. The only boundaries to the system would be how large your database was and what the system you were using on this database.
Lucretia Mott free essay help online: free essay help online
Nowadays, this simple statement is a part of our everyday thought. Back in the 1800’s, it was the complete opposite. African American’s were not treated equally; they were forced as slaves with no rights or opinions. Women also were not treated equally; they were deprived of rights that men had such as the ability to vote. Many people were outraged and fought out in a violent way, such as the civil war.
Yet others had a different approach and fought out in a nonviolent way, otherwise known as civil disobedience. Lucretia Mott was a Quaker born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, who acted out in civil disobedience against the inequality of slaves and women. She set the foundation for the generations to come by raising awareness on anti-slavery and women’s rights. Her acts of civil disobedience eventually led to the women’s right to vote, and the freedom of slaves. Lucretia Mott committed many acts of civil disobedience throughout her lifetime.
She gave speeches and sermons on anti-slavery and womans rights, she organized many conventions and was involved with many anti-slavery and womans rights associations, and she participated in acts against the government. Lucretia was known for her ability to give memorable speeches within her religious group, even though it was a period of time when women we not supposed to speak publicly. She used her speeches inform people on the horrors of slavery. She encouraged her listeners to boycott products that were made by slaves.
She also used her speeches to inform people on the nonexistent womans rights. Lucretia published her speech, “Discourse on Women” arguing that women should have equal rights and that she wanted changes in the married womans property laws. She also organized many conventions and was involved with many associations. In 1866 Lucretia was elected the president of the American Equal Rights Association, an association that focused on giving rights to anyone, no matter race or gender. She also helped establish the Womans Rights Convention at Seneca Falls in 1848.
The convention emphasized the role of women in society, and Mott was a speaker. She also attended the Worlds Anti-Slavery Convention in London, England, in which she was kicked out because of her gender. Lastly, Lucretia participated in acts against the government. The United States Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, claiming that any runaway slave must be returned to their master. Mott and others opened then opened their houses in the underground railroad, temporarily housing slaves.
Lucretia had many reasons to why she wanted to play such a big role in anti-slavery and womans suffrage movements. She wanted to educate others, to make a change, and growing up she was against slavery. Mott’s religion taught her that education was important for both men and women. She wanted to educate other citizens on the harshness of slaves and how unfair the inequality between races and gender really were. Her ultimate goal was to leave an imprint on peoples minds about the inequality and change their minds. She also wanted to make a change.
She wanted everyone to join her on getting the laws changed once and for all. She needed more people to side with her and the other womans suffrage advocates in order to really make a change, and change was what she wanted. She wanted everyone to be treated equal, and without change that would not be able to happen. Growing up Mott was immediately turned against slavery. She read a book about the slave trade and was horrified about the harsh realities. Once again comes the point of how she wanted everyone to be treated equal.
She wanted equality and she needed to put an end to slavery. Everything Lucretia did was for a purpose, whether the outcome she wanted came immediately, or if it came later on in history. The short term results of Lucretia Motts acts of civil disobedience happened quickly and made an impact. She raised awareness to citizens about her causes. Lucretia was known for her ability to speak in public even though it was discouraged while she was growing up. A lot of people were willing to listen to her because of her strength in public speaking.
She left a mark in peoples minds and ultimately raised awareness about the evils of slavery and the inequality between men and women. She also set footprints for the future generations to come. A lot of big results to her actions did not come until years later, but she set the foundation for future generations to build off of. The long term results are evident. Slavery was eventually abolished, and women were eventually granted the right to vote, and with that came the growing equality between men and women. The consequences of Lucretia’s actions were not evident. She was never largely punished for her civil disobedience.
She was denied enterance to the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, England, because of her gender. The unjust law she was trying to break was forced upon her. Lucretia Mott was a very influential person in history by her acts of civil disobedience. She stood up for what she believed in, and because of that everyone is treated equal today. Her acts of civil disobedience were worth it because of her influence on the future generations. She started a nonviolent revolution against the unjust laws of slavery and womans suffrage, and it has continually lived on ever since.
If I Stay best college essay help: best college essay help
If I Stay, written by Gayle Forman, is an amazing book! When I read the back cover of If I Stay, I knew it was the right book for me, because I can relate to what has happened to the main characters and the feelings of other family members and friends. The family was in a car accident, and as you know from reading my other papers, my 16 year old brother was in a car accident in March. The feelings that were displayed in the book are very similar to the feelings my family and I had regarding my brother. At times we were very unsure of what would happen.
Mia Hall, who is one of the most important main characters, is seventeen years old, plays the cello, and is mostly a quiet person. Mia loves classical music and practiced on her cello whenever she had the chance. Mia’s parents and her eight year old brother Teddy are also main characters in the story. Mia’s father, Denny, was in a band up until her younger brother Teddy was three weeks old. He realized at that point that he didn’t want to be like that anymore and needed to change for his family. Denny went back to grad school to become a teacher and changed the way he dressed completely, from “rocker” to “old school sophisticated”.
He began wearing suits and ties and Mia hated this change. Mia’s mother, Kat, is very protective of others, very loyal, and has quite a bad mouth. Kat loves rock music and does not approve of Mia’s love for classical music but grows to respect her passion for it. Mia and her mother have a close relationship and Kat always offers her best advice to Mia. Mia’s brother, Teddy, is nine years younger than her. Teddy looks just like his parents, with blonde hair and light eyes, while Mia is the complete opposite with dark hair and dark eyes.
He looks up to Mia and she is the only person who can do certain things with Teddy, like read the nest chapter of the Harry Potter books to him before bed. Adam Wilde is Mia’s boyfriend, they have been together for over a year and a half, he plays and sings in his punk rock band, “Shooting Star”, and he loves Mia’s family and friends. After breakfast one February morning, Mia and her family decided to go to the book store, and old record shop, and to have an early dinner at Gran and Gramp’s house because school was cancelled, due to a light snow though the night.
By the time they had finished breakfast the sun was out and most of the snow was melted of the roads. After deciding on a radio station that would satisfy everyone they began their drive. Mia closed her eyes and leaned her head against the window, and the next thing she knew, the impact of a four-ton pickup truck going sixty miles an hour was plowing straight into the side of the car. The impact sent the passenger seat through the driver’s side window. In the beginning Mia thought everything was fine, but little does she know that it isn’t.
She finds herself standing in a ditch without a scratch on her body, or so she thinks. Once she walks towards the car she sees that her parents are both lying on the pavement dead, she tries to look for Teddy, but instead finds her own mangled body. Mia tries everything to wake her from what she thinks is a nightmare but it doesn’t work. She thinks she is dead, until the paramedics arrive. Mia is then airlifted to the nearest hospital. Not knowing if Teddy is still alive or hurt once she gets to the hospital, she goes to look for him, leaving her “real body” in surgery.
After searching for Teddy, and not finding him she wonders if he is still alive, but when she tries to ask a nurse about him the words don’t come out of her mouth. It’s almost like she is a ghost, but she isn’t really dead. Mia can see everything going on around her but can’t physically feel it and she can go wherever she wants. She can hear everything that others are saying but when she speaks, she makes no noise, and the other people can’t see her. Mia has to decide if she wants to fight for her life and have the grief of losing her family every day or if she wants to join them.
Mia realizes Teddy is dead when her Grandparents show up and are both with her, she knows they wouldn’t leave Teddy alone. Adam tries to get into the intensive care unit but is unable because he isn’t immediate family. Adam gets special permission to see Mia and wants her to realize he hasn’t left her and is still there for her. Adam says to her, “Just listen…. stay,” and Mia forces all the strength she has left in her body to squeeze his hand. Adam knows then that she will be okay.
I would recommend this book to anyone who likes a good book that keeps you wondering “what will happen next? ” I loved the book; I could relate to some of it and never wanted to put it down. It kept me on the edge of my seat wondering if Mia would decide to “stay” or not. Gayle Forman has a sequel to If I Stay, called, Where She Went, it is written in Adam’s point of view three years after the accident. Adam and Mia go their separate way, but I plan on reading it very soon! I want to know what happened next and why Adam and Mia decided to end the relationship.
Willa Cather computer science essay help: computer science essay help
Willa Cather is well known author, mostly recognized for her novels based on the pioneer life of Great Plains. Cather’s first novel, Alexander’s Bridge, was published in 1912. Cather was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1922, for her novel, One of Ours. Willa Cather was born in Virginia in 1873, the oldest of seven children. Cather moved with her family to Red Cloud, Nebraska at age eight. This new home would provide the setting for most of Cather’s novels.
Cather later moved to Lincoln, Nebraska to attend the University of Nebraska, although at the time Cather was considering studying medicine. It was not until a paper from a writing class was published that Cather began to consider writing as a career. Cather had great success in her early years after college. For five years, from 1901 to 1906, Cather worked as an English teacher. Cather eventually moved to New York to work for McClure’s magazine. Cather rose throughout the magazine and eventually became the managing editor.
After five years Cather left McClure’s magazine to focus more on her own writing. After Cather’s departure from McClure’s Cather published several books, all focusing on the pioneer lifestyle. Cather even won a Pulitzer Prize. After Cather’s success, she had a period of mild depression. Although it has been mentioned that Cather’s depression may have produced some of her greatest works, which were written during this period. Willa Cather was greatly influenced in her writing by Flaubert, Tolstoy, Dickens, and Emerson. Cather looked to Tolstoy as an exceptional example of fictional writing.
While Cather greatly admired male authors, it is said that Cather regarded other female authors as overly emotional and sentimental. Willa Cather was a successful author, who wrote about the struggles of pioneer lifestyle throughout the mid to late 1800’s. Cather published many novels that are still well known today. Cather was awarded one of the most prestigious awards in writing, the Pulitzer Prize. Cather combated a period of depression and produced what some consider to be her best works. Cather was influenced by many great authors such as, Tolstoy Emerson, and Dickens. Many of Cather’s works are still popular today.
The Face of Battle devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help
The Face of Battle examines warfare from the viewpoint of the common soldier by analyzing and comparing three well-known battles. Starting with Agincourt, moving on to Waterloo, and finally the Somme, the author describes warfare as experienced by the warrior of the day. Characterizing the campaigns and planning which led up to each battle, Keegan provides background for each engagement he then seemingly details from the very midst of the carnage.
His expert knowledge and engaging style allow the book to make its point without losing the attention of the reader. The book’s fresh approach to battlefield history stems from Keegan’s overwhelming experience in the subject. Keegan taught at Britain’s Royal Military Academy Sandhurst as the Senior Lecturer in Military History for many years. In addition to writing numerous books on military history, Vassar College has named him a Delmas Distinguished Professor of History, he has been a Fellow of Princeton University (“Vintage,” Keegan), and is currently a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.
Though he admits to never actually being in battle, Keegan’s extensive personal research, interviews, and scholarship on the subject of military history lend him plenty of credence to speak on the subject of battle. However, Keegan believes the men who fought in them should ideally relate their own histories. “…Where possible, an essential ingredient in battle narrative and battle analysis,” he says, “[is] allowing the combatants to speak for themselves. ” Keegan does, in fact, focus on a more immediate view of battle, as seen from the eyes of a common infantryman.
He uses both primary and secondary sources to reconstruct a certain picture of each battle in his book. However, both primary and secondary sources have pitfalls. As John Mundy, author of Europe in the High Middle Ages 1150-1300, in a review of The Face of Battle notes, “…soldiers present at an engagement usually exaggerate the numbers facing them… ” (679). One must also question his use of secondary historical sources. For instance, his rendition of Waterloo takes much of its information from the writing of Captain William Siborne, a British opographer who is credited with changing how the world perceived the Duke of Wellington after the Battle of Waterloo. After Siborne alleged that the Prussians had far more impact on Napoleon’s eventual defeat then previously believed, the Duke of Wellington lost much of his previous favor (Adamson). If Keegan had wanted to add more credibility to his work, he should have avoided controversial sources and dwelt more on the ideas his book attempts to convey, circumventing any possible impact to his own efforts.
However, his choice of historical material should not be used as a means to discredit his admirable conclusions. Keegan finds, through his study of the three chosen battles, that the central nature of warfare over the years remains unchanged. It is still today, despite advances in technology and tactics, an overwhelmingly man-to-man affair between individuals in a gruesome and horrific contest of violence.
Although mechanization and wireless communication have changed the character of battle, the principles of courage, fear, and leadership still dominate the battlefield. What battles have in common,” he states, “is human: the behavior of men struggling to reconcile their instinct for self-preservation, their sense of honor, and the achievement of some aim over which other men are ready to kill them,” (303). In his analysis of war through the ages, despite its many consistencies, Keegan notes several trends in the character of battle. For instance, in the uncertain examination of war he remarks that, “One statement can be safely made…battles have been getting longer,” (308).
At Agincourt, the English forces repelled a numerically superior French force in a matter of hours. The Battle of Waterloo found Napoleon defeated in a matter of days, while the battle of the Somme lasted months. Employing a creative analogy of the sport mountaineer, Keegan remarks on the exposure, technical difficulty, accident rate, and objectives dangers faced by modern soldiers as opposed to combatants of the past. Along with the increased duration of the average battle over the years, according to Keegan, the number and severity of “objective dangers” has gone up.
Waterloo and the Somme, with fatal casualty rates of 27 and 43 percent respectively, show on a small scale how technology and efficiency have increased the killing power of armies in the modern day and expanded the killing zone of the typical battle. The expansion of the killing zone, due in part to artillery, mines, and chemical agents, means that, today, troops cannot just “veer off into the neighboring wood,” or “take refuge in equally convenient woods,” (315). Partially out of duty, and partially out of necessity, they cannot just remove themselves from the killing zone.
Identifying trends like these, especially as they relate to the changing face of mountaineering, Keegan relates to his audience how battle changes while it simultaneously remains the same in many other respects. Keegan’s findings may conflict, though rightly so, with the common assumption that, as technology increases the firepower of common soldiers, battles are subsequently conducted through less and less close-range combat. Deeper examination of Waterloo, the Somme, and naturally Agincourt reveal, however, that infantry still do, even in modern warfare, engage in close-range combat.
Bayonets, in the Napoleonic era, caused a large portion of the casualties in each conflict. In WWII, even as tanks began to change the character of war, armies still fought and won battles with their infantry. Despite the mechanization of warfare, close combat still dominates the battlefield. Though he backs his claims and details his battles using many worthy and authoritative sources, Keegan’s writing falls short where he fails to cover a sufficient amount of each conflict.
According to John Beeler of the University of North Carolina – Greensboro, “The account of Agincourt (October 25, 1415) lacks the conviction of the later studies…” (1229). He explains further, regarding the chapter on the Somme, “Keegan has limited his coverage largely to the first day of the offensive,” (1229). The historical critic, therefore, finds fault not so much in what Keegan included in his text, but in what he left out. However, the author’s purpose was not to detail every part of each battle, but rather to expose battle as a whole for what it really was to the average soldier.
In choosing the three battles he did, battles with little in common, Keegan exposed how similar battles can be when seen through the eyes of a professional solder. The fight for life and victory, we find, is the same in the fifteenth as in the nineteenth century. The Face of Battle increased my knowledge of medieval, Napoleonic, and modern warfare. Additionally, the book offers an analysis of the trends of warfare over the past half millennium, a discerning investigation regarding current trends in warfare, and intelligent speculation on its future.
Keegan’s strongest writing comes from his analogy of mountaineering as it relates to combat and through his depiction of war as seen through eyes of the solder as opposed to the general. Through this relationship, he accurately translates the picture of battle to an arena where the common man can more easily grasp its significance and wrap his mind around its concepts. After all, the book aims to educate the student officer about the inevitable, timeless idea of conflict between men.
Social Hedonism instant essay help: instant essay help
In the world of ethics many people will argue that there is only one way to go. Reading for Monday 10/15/2012 Seaman Holmes, Ursula LeGuin Reading for Wednesday 10/17/2012 Nielson Williams What determines the value of a good? Our society tends to argue the two; quality vs. quantity. You cannot have both.
Try yourself to pick one theory and try to live your life by it.. Inconsistency can be a problem with values. Is it important to be consistent in determining ones values? In utilitarianism it is a very simple doctrine. The rightness or wrongness of actions is determined by the goodness or badness of the consequences of those actions. Referred to as the “greatest happiness theory. ” Egoistic vs. Non-egoistic Hedonism, a school of thought where a person is pursuing pleasure, or pleasantness.
It could be nothing extreme, because extreme pain would lead to extreme pain. The ideal view is intellectual and not just physical. The pursuit of pleasure in moderation, and comes to one intellectually. (as seen by the greeks) philosophical pleasure. Ideal Utilitarianism, goodness or badness depends on other things then pleasantness. Experiencing beauty and knowledge come into play when trying to determine the right or wrong thing to do.
Its not just looking at it for the pleasure sake Social Hedonism, tend to be Utilitarians. They are motivated to create the greatest pleasure for the greatest number. Quality of pleasure or quantity of pleasure? Some would argue that producing pleasure for 1/3 and not 2/3 that the greatest pleasure would go in favor of the 1/3 and not the majority. Again either quantity or quality. Bentham is quantity (Benton has t’s in his name) Mill is quality.
Quick Thinking Saves the Day my essay help uk: my essay help uk
A woman came running out of a nearby shop, screaming that her child was in the burning apartment building. Before anyone had the opportunity to do anything or to call the Fire Appliance, Mackey was there to the rescue! Out of nowhere, he scaled up a coconut tree, jumped through the flaming window and rescued the child from the burning building! He became an instant hero on that day. It was a clear bright and hot sunny midday, not a cloud in sight.
In the twinkling of an eye smoke was seen emanating from the window and then the bursting flames. The wind was strong and as Mackey ascended the tree, the top began to sway dangerously to the burning building. There were “ooohs” and “aaaahs” from the crowd below that were growing in numbers. Mackey was cool as a cucumber; he continued his climb until he was within reaching distance with the window. The heat was blistering hot! Mackey began reaching for his back pocket for a bottle of water.
Taking a few gulps of water to quenched his thirst, he poured the remaining water over his head and face. This was to protect him from the heat and possible burns he may suffer once inside the building. With great dexterity and skill, Mackey leapt through the burning inferno coming from the window in search of the child. The heat was unbearable! By this time the crowd had grown to twice as much, anxious to see the outcome. The few minutes passed that seemed like hours and no signs of Mackey or the child yet, not even a cry or voices heard.
Some people began murmuring that it was a brave way to die; others said he would be remembered for his unselfish act of bravery. Others still hoping he would appear at the window soon, while some began praying and asking God to help keep them alive. It was solemn sight to see. Then, all of a sudden Mackey appeared with the crying child in his arms to the applause of an appreciative crowd. Her mother clasped her hands thanking The Almighty for sparing her child and keeping her alive and safe through this horrible ordeal. By this time the fire appliance arrived with its blazing sirens.
The automatic ladder was hoisted up with the cabin at its end. Mackey placed the frightened child into it first and fastened the seat belt around her. He then entered into it with his nimble frame and the firemen soon had them brought down safely with a thunderous applause from the overwhelming crowd. Everyone began thanking God for His great mercies, that there was no loss of life. The fire was soon brought under control by the quick response of the firemen. There was excessive damage to the apartment but the building itself was saved.
The child and Mackey were attended to by the paramedics and just suffered from minor burns. They were both all right. Thus, it was a fitting end to such an unfortunate scenario. Though the mother may have lost her belongings in that fire, her daughter was saved. Mackey’s quick thinking and actions led him to climb that tree, jumped through the fiery window and saved a child’s life. He risked his own life to save someone in need and that was very admirable from him. From that day, the community held Mackey in high esteem and admiration!
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