Mechanisms of Occlusion Most MIs are caused by a disruption in the vascular endothelium associated with an unstable atherosclerotic plaque that stimulates the formation of an intracoronary thrombus, which results in coronary artery blood flow occlusion. If such an occlusion persists long enough (20 to 40 min), irreversible myocardial cell damage and cell death will occur. 5 The development of atherosclerotic plaque occurs over a period of years to decades.
The initial vascular lesion leading to the development of atherosclerotic plaque is not known with certainty. The two primary characteristics of the clinically symptomatic atherosclerotic plaque are a fibromuscular cap and an underlying lipid-rich core. Plaque erosion may occur due to the actions of metalloproteases and the release of other collagenases and proteases in the plaque, which result in thinning of the overlying fibromuscular cap.
The action of proteases, in addition to hemodynamic forces applied to the arterial segment, can lead to a disruption of the endothelium and fissuring or rupture of the fibromuscular cap. The degree of disruption of the overlying endothelium can range from minor erosion to extensive fissuring that results in an ulceration of the plaque. The loss of structural stability of a plaque often occurs at the juncture of the fibromuscular cap and the vessel wall—a site otherwise known as the plaque’s “shoulder region. Any amount of disruption of the endothelial surface can cause the formation of thrombus via platelet-mediated activation of the coagulation cascade. If a thrombus is large enough to completely occlude coronary blood flow for a sufficient time period, MI can result. Mechanisms of Myocardial Damage The severity of an MI is dependent on three factors: the level of the occlusion in the coronary artery, the length of time of the occlusion, and the presence or absence of collateral circulation.
Generally speaking, the more proximal the coronary occlusion, the more extensive is the amount of myocardium at risk of necrosis. The larger the MI, the greater is the chance of death due to a mechanical complication or pump failure. The longer the time period of vessel occlusion, the greater the chances of irreversible myocardial damage distal to the occlusion. The death of myocardial cells first occurs in the area of myocardium that most distal to the arterial blood supply—that is, the endocardium.
As the duration of the occlusion increases, the area of myocardial cell death enlarges, extending from the endocardium to the myocardium and ultimately to the epicardium. The area of myocardial cell death then spreads laterally to areas of watershed or collateral perfusion. Generally, after a 6- to 8-hour period of coronary occlusion, most of the distal myocardium has died. The extent of myocardial cell death defines the magnitude of the MI. If blood flow can be restored to at-risk myocardium, more heart muscle can be saved from irreversible damage or death.
Cash Cropping in Nepal admission essay help: admission essay help
On an individual crop basis, tomatoes and potatoes were the most increasing, sensitivity analysis and scenarios suggest high variability and limited short-term impact on poverty alleviation. Profitable. On a per farm basis, 50% of the households with positive farm gross margins grew at least one vegetable crop, while only 25% of households with negative farm gross margins included vegetable crops in their rotation. Farmers have been hesitant to produce primarily for the market given the rudimentary infrastructure and high variability in prices.
Farmers reported selling more crops, but when corrected for inflation, gross revenues declined over time. The costs and benefits of developing markets have been unevenly distributed with small holders unable to capitalize on market opportunities and wealthier farmers engaging in input intensive cash cropping. Farms growing vegetables had an average gross margin of US$137 per year compared to US$12 per year for farms growing only staple crops.
However, the area under production is small and, while vegetable production is likely to continue Key words: Agriculture, Cash crops, Gross margin, Household economics, Market inequity, Poverty Introduction Cash cropping has been promoted by development specialists as a mechanism to alleviate rural poverty in countries such as Nepal. Programs have capitalized on existing transportation networks, the proximity to urban centers or niche markets (Panday, 1992). But there are concerns that agricultural commercialization by-passes the poor.
The cash and land quality requirements of capital intensive farming may limit the capacity of poorer farmers to invest, while the risks associated with yield and price variability may limit their willingness to participate in commercial production Both the Agricultural Perspective Plan (APROSC, 1995) and the ninth National Plan (GON, 1998) of Nepal promote the intensification of agriculture and increased cash crop production. In the Mid-hills of Nepal near Kathmandu, potato and tomato production have increased dramatically in the last 10 years (Brown and Shrestha, 2000).
But, vegetable production is demanding of soil, water, and human resources. A systematic assessment of cash cropping is required to determine the impact on household well-being. The aims of this paper are five-fold: 1) to determine the relative profitability of vegetable production in the Mid- hills of Nepal; 2) to assess the economic impact of incorporating vegetables into the dominant cropping patterns; 3) to analyze the variability between households; 4) to assess the impact of fluctuations in price; and 5) to evaluate temporal changes in household well-being with the incorporation of vegetable production.
Methods The relative profitability of agricultural production between farms provides a mechanism to compare the economic status of farming households with diversified cropping systems. An indication of the profitability of each farm can be obtained by computing gross margins, defined as total returns less total variable costs. Total returns are equal to the value of all crops produced (including crop residues), irrespective of whether the crop is sold. Total variable costs include: the purchase of seed, fertilizer, and pesticides; hiring oxen; and all labor involved in cultivation activities.
Labor includes the time spent in planting, irrigation, fertilizing, spraying, weeding, harvesting and transportation and selling and includes the opportunity cost of family labor. The gross margin can thus be viewed as the return to fixed costs (land and livestock) and management. Gross margin analysis, in this context, focuses on production or income with respect to agriculture. As it does not take into account the time value of money, gross margins are not sensitive to interest rates, and are a good first approximation of financial feasibility.
Unit popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help
Mr. Ben Johnson (Managing Director) From: Tanjila Namaji (BTEC Business Student) Subject: How Burma Castro can manage its Human Resources effectively. Date: 27th April 2010 (P1) Introduction “Burma Castro has been in business for five years in southern Asia. The company’s initial move was to enter into Join Venture and other strategic alliance with three companies in northern Africa that deal in unrelated business leads.The company now wants to grow within its geographical area (southern Asia) and needs assess its current performance, set a vision for growth and finance the business growth. The managing director, Mr Ben Johnson has approached me for advice and because I am BTEC national diploma student, I will have to provide some useful business advice on managing the Human resources, Technological resources, financial resources as well as Physical resources of Burma Castro.
” In this task I will describe how Burma Castro can manage its Human Resources (HR) more effectively. First I will look at two angels of HR which are: department and employees.I will explain what each of these do and how they manage their activities. Definitions Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organisation that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organisation. Human Resources are the people that work for an organisation, and HRM is concerned with how these people are managed. However, the term HRM has come to mean more than this because people are different from the other resources that are utilized in running of an organisation. People have thoughts and feelings, aspirations and needs.
On the other hand HRM has thus come to refer to an approach, which takes into account both, the needs of the organisation and the needs of its people. HRM is the organisational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, working capital, monitoring, troubleshooting, performance management, organisation development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, training and etc. On the whole, HR department responsible for personnel sourcing and hiring, applicant tracking, skills development, benefits administration and compliance with associated government regulations.A HR department is a critical component of employee well being in any business, no matter how small. HR responsibilities include payroll, benefits, hiring, firing, and keeping up to date with state and federal tax laws. The following are the way in which Burma Castro can manage their HR more effectively: If Human Resources are managed ineffectively, then HR may not function appropriately and individuals may be placed in positions that do not maximise or develop their skills. Also the culture of the business is not shared and communication and decision-making can be affected and mistakes occur.
As Burma Castro reorganises to gain competitive edge, its HR will play a key role in helping the business to deal with a fast-changing competitive environment and the greater demand for quality employees. 1) To improve creativity, flexibility to develop competitiveness. Job enlargement is a general term for anything that increases the scope of a job. There are three ways it comes about: * Job enrichment- this enlargement of the scope of the job involves extra responsibilities and challenges as well as extra activities/workload for Burma Castro’s employees. Job rotation- increasing Burma Castro’s workers activities by switching between tasks of a similar level of difficulty. This does not increase the challenge, but may reduce the boredom, of a job. * Job loading- increasing workload, often as a result of redundancies.
It may mean having to do more of the same, but often entails one or two extra activities in Burma Castro that have to be taken on. 2) Managing the performance and mixing of technology through improved staffing, training and communication with employees.In order for the employees in Burma Castro’s Company to work to their full potential and work productively, the company have to train the staff. A better-trained staff will increase the Burma Castro’s productivity and also improve the way employees feel about their work place. Advantages of giving training to Burma Castro’s employees are: Reduction in accidents If Burma Castro gives training to their staff; then they would be fewer accidents as the staff would have more understanding regarding their work. Also they should also have supervision, so the staff can be told when they do something wrong.Increased efficiency and productivity Employees tend to display greater sense of ownership and pride in their work.
This can help lead to increased productivity and efficiency and of course an increase in job satisfaction. Improved motivation and morale among employees If Burma Castro gives bonuses, discounts etc. Then the staffs will be motivated to do work. Staffs that are happy in their work are more likely to work harder and be more valuable to Burma Castro, which will in turn, put Burma Castro in a stronger position. Improved qualityManagers in Burma Castro have to use supervision as a procedure to improve the performance in Burma Castro’s as without supervising the employees; the employees will not be accomplishing their job to the best of their ability and to the best of their potential. (P2) Introduction This task requires me to describe the Physical and Technological resources that need to be considered in running Burma Castro to meet the set objectives. TECHNOLOGICAL RESOURCES Technological resources are more than just equipment.
Computer hardware such a modem and monitor are physical resources and is treated as such.Technological resources are things like software etc. These resources are owned, like physical resources, and have to be managed in the same way. Technological resources can be considered in four main areas: intellectual property, accumulated experience and skill, software licensing and patents and copyright. But the key one out of all of these is Intellectual. Intellectual property rights allow Burma Castro to own ideas and have rights concerning what happens to these ideas, including how often they are used, what they are associated with and if they have permission to be copied.There are considered to be five different types of intellectual property: * Designs cover the features or decoration of new products such as colour, lines, material, shape or even texture.
* Drawings of product include the drawing of patent. * Text covers the actual style and content of the text that is used including data written on websites * Music covers the use of music for publish or private performance and its copying. * Video covers the use of video clips within website or whole Burma Castro and the protection against copying or performance in publish places.Advanced technology can help Burma Castro to carry jobs effectively. Examples of new technology are: automation robotics Computer Aided Design (CAD) and manufacturing, management information, systems, and the internet. Burma Castro can use new technology to meet their objectives. Burma Castro’s should become increasingly aware that communications can be improved by restructuring from hierarchical to flatter structures.
This allows information to be transmitted more quickly and easy, and means that managers in Burma Castro’s are given the authority to make decisions.Managers in Burma Castro can improve the technological resources by introducing a faster systems or introducing better intellectual properties, which will enable the organisation to operate more productively. PHYSICAL RESOURCES Burma Castro’s should keep plenty and suitable physical resources. Physical resources that Burma Castro needs to maintain in order to carry out its activities includes things like the building, facilities, plant and machinery. Management of physical resources involves planning maintenance and refurbishment and includes organising insurance and security to keep those resources safe in the business.Building and facilities Burma Castro will need to have premises from where it can operate. This may be a person’s home, when Burma Castro first starts operating, to tower block offices all over the world.
Building play an important role in the image of Burma Castro and can make potential customers want to work with the business even more. The buildings which are located in the main city of London, buildings such as River Island which gain so much attractions of the customers. When customers enter in the Burma Castro facilities need to be arranged for them, such as good customer services etc.This is because customers will be satisfied and will want to come again and again in Burma Castro. Different businesses do different things to gain more customers. Burma Castro can use their building and facilities to market the type of services or products that they are offering. The location of the Burma Castro is important when a business considers its distribution network.
If a business locates to a place that is as accessible to as many customers as possible its profits can be increased. Due to this the business can have its expansion and open in many other common areas where it’s easy for customers to visit. Equipment including ITEquipment is essential for Burma Castro to operate smoothly. Equipment is critical for profit and not-for profit organisation alike. In some organisations, lack of equipment means that a job or service cannot be carried out. A business without computer would work out as in today’s world computer carries out so much man work. Also it helps Burma Castro to find ways of promoting their products/services using internet.
Allows them to have communication with their customers online etc. many organisations include IT within their list of essential equipment as both hardware and software are becoming essential pieces of kit.Planned maintenance and refurbishment All buildings, plant and machinery require regular maintenance and updating. Even factories that work with using flow production 24 hours a day have to allow time to check that the machines are working properly and make minor adjustments to them if necessary. If this maintenance does not take place machines may break down, stopping production and leading to a loss of profit; this mean failure of Burma Castro. Maintenance of Burma Castro is very important such as regular cleaning and painting is also needed to keep Burma Castro in good order, clean and safe.Refurbishment is when a business gives new look to its offices or store.
It can help keep staff and customers satisfied. A good working environment is likely to make staff happier work harder and stay with Burma Castro longer. Refurbishment can help the environment if the new resources are eco-friendly or energy saving, such as installing solar panels and this can give a good image of Burma Castro as well as saving energy and there for reducing the business costs. Intangible Resources It is easy to ignore the intangible resources of a business when assessing how to deliver a strategy – but they can be crucial.
Walmart-Business Ethics free essay help online: free essay help online
And the code of ethics rules are being played fairly even among high management jobs; we can see this when Walmart fired seven top managers because they failed to comply with code of ethics audit. Also Vice Chairman Tom Coughlin voluntarily quit in 2005 then was sued for spending company benefits for personal use. Walmart published a website just to timely update public about their new developments, communicate standards and procedures in their policies. Walmart informs their employees, suppliers, and customers of their ethical standards by the employee handbooks and their website.
Their manuals, and written documents in the store show the appropriate behavior in a written way. Even though company publishes that there is open communication within the organization about procedures and activities; we have seen several proves of Walmart stopping union movements behind closed doors. Walmart encourages the stakeholders to inform of the unethical behavior by calling the anonymous hotline, email, or simply inform the higher authorities personally.Walmart has been trying to improve the ethical issues constantly but they keep falling behind because there are several issues currently being decided at the court system like; unfair salaries and job distribution between male and female associates, working conditions, unions, disables employees, illegal immigrants, and low benefits. I think the biggest barrier for Walmart not being able to fully implement ethical codes in the company culture is being anti-union. We have seen examples of companies closing down or people getting fired for bring in people together for starting up a union.Without self-protection employees are afraid of defending themselves and asking for more.
Reporting unethical behavior is also a problem related to this as well, they might be afraid of fighting with a big corporation or not have enough money to hire an attorney. Since Walmart is strong they will do anything to protect their benefits, and the trials might take a long time, which means long battles of emotional and financial fight. Walmart also uses various techniques for higher sales volumes like ending the sale prices with . 98.Depending on a study prices ending with . 99 is preferred by %8 more people and they are trying to accomplish even more with . 98.
This is not unethical but still deceitful on purpose. Another issue Walmart is deceiving public is about health care. They are advertising on TV as %94 of associates have health care, but the reality is only %52 is receiving it from Walmart, the rest is either not insured or receiving it from their spouses of government programs. Average large company workers receive health care from their employers is %64.Taxpayers are paying around one billion dollars for health insurance for Walmart employees. When they advertise as Walmart is saving an average family around $2400 a month, it is actually costing much more to the public. This is triggering our health crisis.
We expect them to be more realistic on their advertisements, and be more socially aware about what kind of a life quality they are offering their employees. They are recently being asked to offer at least %8 of their benefits as health care to their employees.Since Walmart is a strong company managers are protecting it by agreeing secret deals about the new laws, and changes. One other unethical rule at Walmart the changing rules and regulations depending on the country. For example even though all of the countries that has Walmart want a union but only Germany has it. As a corporation they should be equal to all of their employees since almost every human being want a better life. Walmart has grown so much since the beginning of a small chain store.
They were not able to make the adjustment of the size and the business ethics accordingly. After the law suits they have been forced to make some improvements. But they have hired savvy PR people. It was nothing more than an image scrub for them . We are still waiting Walmart to be responsible of their employees, consumers and communities that they are in. As shown in their ethic audits they still have a lot of loopholes to improve. Their only concern should not be just to make profit and make small changes to get by.
Building an Ethical Organization college application essay help: college application essay help
Nicole Ellis by Cynthia Mead Assignment You have just been appointed the director of a new human service organization ( a behavioral health clinic, for example).
As the director, one of your first tasks is to draft a mission statement and a values statement for your organization. As your organization grows, your stakeholders will provide their input and help shape these statements. •Write a 1050 to 1400 word paper in APA format containing the following elements: Description of organization. What services does the organization provide? Who is the clientele?Is it a for-profit or non-profit organization? Mission statement: What is organization’s mission statement? How will the mission statement support the ethical system? What message does the mission statement send to the community? Values statement: What is the organization’s values statement? How will these values inspire action and influence behavior? How do these values relate to the organization’s mission? •Post your completed paper as an attachment. Assignment: Building an Ethical Organization Part 2 Resources: Appendix A Write a 2,100 to 2,800 word paper in APA format containing the following: •Introduction Description of the organization: Expand and incorporate feedback from Building an Ethical Organization Part 1 •Mission statement: Expand and incorporate feedback fro Building an Ethical Organization Part 1 •Values statement: Expand and incorporate feedback from Building an Ethical Organization Part 1 •Code of Ethics: List your organization’s code of ethics, with a minimum of 10 items. How does the code inspire a tangible outcome from employee’s? How is it related to the mission and values of the organization? •Organizational culture: What type of culture do you plan to foster and how?Who will the culture institutionalize the organization’s values? •Leadership: What approach to leadership will you take? How will you develop and maintain organizational culture as a leader? What is you moral responsibility as a leader? •Oversight: How will you measure your organization’s performance in maintaining an ethical standard? What structures or systems will you put in place oversight? •Conclusion •Use a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources •Post your completed project an attachment Mission Statement We at New Visions are a non-profit corporation serving adults and children with developmental disabilities.New Visions offer a Supported Living program which assists individuals with developmental disabilities live in the community as independently as possible.
New Visions offer an array of service choices including supervised apartment living, foster care, companion living, shared care and in-home support. Our highest priority is to provide service to meet the needs of our clientele. Hopefully the mission statement would provide the type of organization we would become. The mission statement provides a basis to how our company would conduct business.Within New Visions one of the services provided are supervised apartment living, which means that our employees will come to the clienteles’ home and assist them anyway necessary to improve their living skills. Another service offered at New Visions’ would be shared care and in-home support. We provide a team of paraprofessionals who assist the clientele and their family members in dealing with issues such as navigating through the medical maze of doctors, hospitals, treatments, medications and much, much more (Share the Care, 2011).
Our caregivers are professional, enthusiastic, and compassionate persons.Our in-home program of support offers many benefits such as: •Dependability of Service •Continuity of Caregivers •Peace of Mind for the Family •Quality of Life for our Clients •Independent Living at Home (Senior Helpers Caring In-Home Companions, 2011) At New Visions we value and respect each person in the organizations: •Opinions •Feelings •Personal space •Country of origin •Culture •Religion •Language/accent (Answers. com, 2011) We also value the honesty and open progression of discussions with each other, the need to be willing to contribute to the group discussions and the ability to accept positive and negative feedback.These values inspire our employees to be professional, and compassionate in their care of others. Our organization shares a diverse and enlightened view of caring for those with developmental disabilities. We value the input of information our employees bring to the table. New Visions identity is a symbol of meaning to the purpose and mission of this company.
Our values express a renewed commitment to our mission. At New Visions we follow a value-based workplace culture. When integrating values into the workplace culture, we are defining what matters to us as leaders.Participative or democratic – this is when the leader and one or more employees participate in deciding what to do and how to do it. The leader however gets the final say on what is done and how it is done. Delagative or free reign – in this style the leader lets the employees make the decisions but the leader is still ultimately responsible for the final decisions. I think that in order to be a good leader it would take a combination of all three styles.
Depending on what forces are involved influences the type of style to be used.Some of the forces that influence the type of style are: •How much time is available. •Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? •Who has the information — you, your employees, or both? •How well your employees are trained and how well you know the task. •Internal conflicts. •Stress levels. •Type of task. Is it structured, unstructured, complicated, or simple? •Laws or established procedures such as OSHA or training plans (Clark, 2011) As a leader identifying what your moral responsibility is, is one of importance.
Words like integrity, dignity, or compassion all relate to values, but moral responsibility would be to have the ability to fulfill and perform the values stated. As a leader I would be accountable for all actions I take,and be truthful and honest in all actions. I would try to instill these morals within employees and also I would look to hire only those that have these morals. In order to maintain the ethical standard and evaluate the performance of the employees, I will conduct a periodical performance evaluation program. This would include weakly evaluation, monthly evaluation and yearly evaluation.On the basis of this evaluation, the employees would also get the appraisal and other compensation and benefits in the organization. I will conduct one on one interview with my staff in which I will discuss about the performance, strength, weaknesses and opportunity areas of the staff member and also provide suggestion, ideas and opinions to improve their performance.
I will also give the grades or marks to the employees according to their performance and maintain a chart, which would help me to analyze the performance and improvement area of the employee.In place of oversight, I will put the system of ethical counseling board. They will give an opinion to me and my staff member in the circumstance when the ethics would not be followed. In order to handle the other business issues like fund raising increases and decreases in the resources, there will a committee of board of directors in my organization. New Visions will cultivate and nurture embedded values. One way to cultivate these values is through a learning activity embedded reflection which is part of the ethical climate. The systems and structures that upport and reinforce New Visions commitments are the values of opinions and feelings for those we care for on a daily basis.
New Vision encourages its employees to strive for ethical achievement rather than avoidance. Our employees are acknowledged for thinking about ethics, initiating ethical practices, commenting on moral issues to be considered and so forth (Manning, 2003). Our goal is to maintain a culture that has integrity and be aware of pitfalls that may happen, for example, being aware of the warning signs which could put the organization at ethical risks.Some of the warning signs could be but not limited to, short term revenues, arbitrary performance-appraisal standards, and an internal environment that discourages ethical behavior and ethical problems being brought forward to experts and leaders. The tone for the organization is set by the leaders. Promoting a culture of feedback assists with the continual evaluation between mission, policy, structure, values, behaviors and decision making to create a recipe for success. From the study, it can be concluded that the mission, vision and code of ethics form the core for New Visions.
These serve as the guiding tool for the employees and help them in providing direction in order to satisfy their clients in best possible manner. For better conduction and coordination among the employees, organizational culture plays a vital role. Apart from this, in order to make the organization successful, effective leadership is required. And in order to evaluate the performance of the employees and maintaining the ethical standard, periodical performance evaluation plays a vital role.
My Live Verses My Parents’ Lives high school essay help: high school essay help
Rough Draft My Life verses My Parents’ Lives I thought I always had a perfect life growing up because we went on family vacations together; we went on picnics as a family and had family movie nights on the weekends. But, as I am becoming older and trying to start my own stable family, I look back at my parents’ issues they had as I was growing up for example, their financial issues, which ended up resulting with our family moving at least twenty times in my childhood.
Also, I saw a lot of conflict, a lot of violence, and worst of all witnessing their excessive drug use and abuse therefore I have realized I grew up more in a dysfunctional family. I have been in foster care. I have seen my father go in and out of prison. I have seen my mother get beaten due to defending me when my dad was off in one of his rages from drinking all day. Seeing and witnessing all that I have throughout my childhood, I have a strong desire for my life, my family, and my kids to not have to go through what I went through.
Growing up, my life was pretty hectic. But coming from a dysfunctional family, you are brainwashed to the point where you think it is all normal and can take years to recover from. My mother is the one who supported our family mainly after my father broke his back and neck doing shipping and receiving at Wal-Mart. It was then where it had all begun. His drinking problem got worse; he got prescribed two different highly addictive narcotics that he was on all the way up until he died November 10th, 2006 from lung cancer then went in remission and got a brain tumor.
My mother also got addicted to his narcotics up until he died. She then switched from the narcotics to methadone to “come off” the opiates, but just became a new addiction. I see it as she got worse after my father passed away because she lost her job and she got worse with the drugs. I can see it in her eyes that she wants to change because life is so hard for her right now, but nobody can say the right words to her to get her to change. Some people just have to hit rock bottom before they realize they NEED a change.
I had to hit rock bottom before I realized that I needed a change for my kids and myself to have a better life. After my father passed away I started to follow in his footsteps after I had my first son. I started drinking and partying way too much which led to neglecting my priorities. The first drink I ever had, I thought it was amazing and it gave me the feeling that I was exactly looking for; just to numb all my pain and heartaches from growing up because I did not know how to express the feelings I had for my childhood so I took my hurt and anger out on drinking. I ended up getting five DWIs.
When I was finally sentenced for all of them and sent to a very intense outpatient treatment program for a year, I felt like I got a second chance at life by not being sent to prison. I really took a step back to evaluate my life and questioned myself if I wanted my kids to have to go through what I went through growing up. Of course not, what was I thinking? I decided it’s my time to shine and be an example of the parent I always wanted. It’s time to show my kids the life I always dreamed of having. When you would look at my family I had growing up, you would even think I had a perfect life growing up.
People only thought it was “perfect” because everything was a secret and there was a lot of manipulating. My father always picked on me because we so much alike and were always bumping heads. My older sister was “Daddy’s Little Princess. ” My little brother was the “Momma’s Boy” and as for myself, the middle child, just as it sounds, I was stuck in the between my parents. But, as for when my father and I did get along, we got along great. Otherwise, when we weren’t getting along, I guess you could say it was a LONG day! My father and I could be the best of friends and on the other hand the worst of enemies at times.
He taught me how to play the guitar and many important life lessons. My mother is my best friend and mother at the same time regardless of what she is going through; I am still here for her, just like she always was for me in me and my father’s battles. Although, growing up in a dysfunctional home has really put me through some extensive trials and tribulations in life; I have learned from my parents’ mistakes, I have learned what not to be like, and I have also figured out what I want in life. I want to marry a man that will treat me right, although there is that saying that woman usually marries a man like her father.
I want to succeed in life and finish college. I want to study to be a counselor and help troubled young women or men that feel hopeless because I know what it feels like to be hopeless, to feel like nobody cares and that it is just you against the world. I want to teach my children right from wrong and tell them everything that I’ve been through, so they can make the right choices in life as well. I want my children to look at me like their mom that will always do whatever I can do to help them in life and as a friend at the same time who they can talk to whenever they need somebody to talk to.
In conclusion, my I know my parents always did try to raise us kids the best they could, they just had too many other issues going on as well that they needed to overcome and which my mother is still working on overcoming her problems, so she can get on with her life. Therefore, many people have different ambitions in life. So, the word ambition would have different definitions, depending on whom you ask. To me, ambition is a burning desire to achieve your goals or to succeed. Ambition is related to dedication, motivation and time. So I will always tell my children and I “Don’t be afraid to dream big. ”
Human Resources Management mba essay help: mba essay help
CHAPTER 1 Changing Nature of Human Resource Management After you have read this chapter, you should be able to: ? Identify four major HR challenges currently facing organizations and managers. List and define each of the seven major categories of HR activities. Identify the three different roles of HR management. Discuss the three dimensions associated with HR management as a strategic business contributor. Explain why HR professionals and operating managers must view HR management as an interface.
Discuss why ethical issues and professionalism affect HR management as a career field. In that role she contributes to workflow, production, scheduling, and other manufacturing decisions. It also means that she is more accessible to and has more credibility with manufacturing workers, most of whom are hourly workers. Making the transition in HR management required going from seven to three levels of management, greatly expanding the use of crossfunctional work teams, and significantly increasing training. To ease employee and managerial anxieties about the changes, GE Fanuc promised that no employees would lose their jobs.Managers and supervisors affected by the elimination of levels were offered promotions, transfers to other jobs in GE Fanuc, or early retirement buyouts. Additionally, employees were promised profit sharing, which has resulted in up to three weeks additional pay in profit sharing bonuses in some years.
The test of the change is in the results. GE Fanuc’s revenue is up women employees, who composed about three-fourths of the bank’s workers. As a result, several years later about one-fourth of all managers and executives are women. Similar attention also was focused on other diverse groups of employees.So that all employees were given opportunities to grow and learn, the Bank of Montreal’s Institute of Learning was established at a cost exceeding $50 million. The goal of providing five days of training and education to every employee each year has been met for several years. To focus on performance, each department and every employee have HR managers participate in developing strategies and ensure that human resource dimensions are considered.
almost 18%. Over 40 work teams meet regularly to discuss work goals, track their performance against established measures, and discuss problems and issues.Employee turnover is also extremely low in most areas. Transitions in HR management are also paying off in the Bank of Montreal, based in Montreal, Quebec. Emphasizing human resources has involved 35,000 employees in organizational success. This recognition meant focusing greater attention on the talents of diverse employees working at the bank. Specific efforts were made to expand opportunities for performance targets and measures on such factors as customer service, return on equity, and profitability.
Yearly, the scores from all measures are computed as indices, and then compiled into one figure to measure overall bank performance.
What Are the Differences with Regard to Cultural Values compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help
Ttranslated to conspicuous consumption for the “global Indian” •In 2010, real average household income in India doubled over the past 2 decades and consumption increased with the emergence of India’s growing middle class •With consumers characterized by rising income and increasing affordability of products, urban consumers looked more for material success and understood the need to satisfy their desires rather than practice restraint.
While they respected traditions, they did not tie their lives to the traditions •Indian consumers traditionally saved their money and contemporary Indians were not looking for cheap goods, but were looking for value and were willing to pay extra for it •Fundamental values of conservatism and risk avoidance were being replaced by openness to experiment and to spend money on items beyond the essentials, and also extended to careers and lifestyles where Indians were willing to try out new career paths and not bound by the traditional lifetime careers •Indian youth were also seeking individuality as opposed to need for affiliation and social acceptance that was characteristic of older generations •Fairness Creams oHindustan Unilever had market share of 50-70 percent with flagship brand Fair & Lovely: popular/economy tier of the market, targeted at low and middle income Indian consumers across urban and rural India. Fair and Lovely had multiple product offerings in a range of SKUs in different sizes ?
From ad, Fair and Lovely used them of how fairness leads to self-confidence and success, building in Indian mentality typical to lower and middle classes that fair skin gets you noticed and hence helps you go a long way in life. It uses an approach of creating discomfort and negative emotion in order to magnify positive emotions as an outcome of using the product even more. oCavinKare’s Fairever had 12 percent market share with strong brand equity in South India and constant innovation ? Ad suggested Fairever gave women confidence to write their destinies and become successful, and does not dwell on negative emotions or stigma attached with being dark complexioned.
From ad: Uses celebrities, and central character is show as attractive, confident, willing to take on challenges and comfortable in her personality. Amla is market leader and communication is limited and targeted mainly at the middle-tier market •There were differences in cultural values in the categories across socio-economic classes in terms of cultural values and ritual experiences from which brands in an emerging market could benefit when they were pitched against each other. •From Addressing Diversity Article: oWhen it comes to lifestyles and preferences, Indian consumers reflect a range of behaviours ranging from price sensitivity-based value expectations to high levels of indulgence showcasing brand symbolism.
Shampoos (including Dove which is a premium brand in India) tea, toothpastes, biscuits, chocolates, hair oil, toothpowders, detergent powders, fairness creams and soaps are available at prices that range between 1% to 25% of a dollar, depending on the specific category. oSymbolism is reflected across product categories through the usage of celebrities, and brands manage functional and symbolic appeals in such a way that consumers have consistent associations on both functional and symbolic associations. oSymbolic associations based on, aspiration based brand imagery is also a common strategy that is associated with brands in the Indian context. oSuch contemporary values are slowly getting accepted among a cross-section of urban women.
But a major chunk of such women also reflect deep respect for strongly entrenched values like family orientation, religious rituals and not being permissible in terms of their lifestyles. The challenge for marketers is to ensure a judicious mix of traditional values and contemporary thinking for such segments. Symbolic appeals are also important with regard to lower priced brands in several categories. oThe Indian marketing context is a medley of contemporary lifestyles, and traditional values, marked thriftiness and experiential indulgence. Marketers in developed markets need to develop a specialized knowledge to address this market that also has around 200 million to 215 million urban youth in the age group of 15-25 years! ?
Sewing Machine Needles gp essay help: gp essay help
The size of the shoulder depends on the size of the shank and the blade. The blade The end of shoulder to the top of eye is the blade. The blade contacts the material being sewn during sewing, the blade is subjected to higher frictional forces. The blade has a long groove and a short groove. The blade is sometimes made smaller in diameter over a part of its length extending from just above the eye. This is done to minimize needle – cloth friction.
Care should be taken to avoid making the needle too blade diameter in this way.Long groove The long groove is the protective channel for the needle thread during the cycle of stitch formation. The sewing thread is subjected to high abrasion during sewing as it penetrates through the material so many times. The long groove gives somewhat protection for the thread. Short groove This is the reduced area above and below the eye of the needle and is situated at the loop-taking side of the needle. It assists the formation of loop. Scarf or clearance cut This enables a closer setting of the hook or looper to the needle.
It is just above the eye on the loop taking side of the needle.Scarf permits a close setting of the shuttle hook or looper to the needle. Eye The eye is the hole which goes through the blade from the long groove to the short groove. It enables to pass the needle thread. To avoid thread breakage during sewing, the eye should have a smooth surface. The thread should pass freely through the eye but not too loosely. Otherwise it will interfere with proper loop formation.
Point The point of needle can have different shapes. The type of point should be correctly chosen in order to prevent any damages to the material being sewn. The main function of the point is penetration of the material.Tip Tip is the extreme end of the point. Tip also can take different shapes. Needle manufacturers commonly recommend sharp tip round point needles for stitching the majority of woven cloths. Round tip and ballpoint needles are recommended for knitted fabrics.
3Types of needle points There are two main types of needlepoint. (i)Cutting point (ii)Cloth point The selection of the type of the point depends on the material to be sewn. Some types of materials such as textile fabrics (woven, knitted or non-woven) have spaces within the structure, while some other types such as leather or plastics does not have gaps in the structure.Cloth point needles Cloth point needles are mainly used for sewing textile materials. These enable the needle to penetrate fabrics whether woven, knitted or non-woven, easily without damaging the yarns or fibers. There are different types of cloth point. (i)Round ball point (ii)Light ball point (iii)Medium ball point (iv)Heavy ball point Round point As you can see in the figure.
2 the round point has a semi circular shape and the cross-section is having a circular shape. This type is widely used in sewing machines to sew textile materials such as warp knitted fabrics and light to medium weight woven fabrics.Figure 2 Round point needle Light ballpoint The point of the needle takes a ball shape as in the figure 3. The cross section is circular. It has a less possibility to damage the material since it is having a ball-shape. The diameter of the tip is one quarter of the blade diameter. Figure.
3 Light ball point Medium ball point :- The shape of the medium ballpoint is similar to the light ballpoint but the diameter of the medium ball is larger than the light ballpoint. It has a greater penetration power than the light ballpoint. You can see the shape, cross section of the medium ballpoint in figure 4Figure 4 Medium ball point Heavy ball point :- Very much similar to the medium ball point but the diameter of the tip is about half of the blade’s diameter. This type is used to sew medium to heavy weight woven fabrics and elastic materials. It is clearly seen in the figure 5 Figure 5 Heavy ball point Cutting point needles This type is used to sew leather and non-textile materials, which do not have gaps within the structure. Needle must be able to cut the material layer to facilitate its penetration. Therefore this type of tips have cutting edges.
The cutting points are made with a variety of shapes to suit for different types of materials. The common types are Narrow wedge point Cross point Narrow twist point Narrow reverse point Triangular point & Square point Narrow wedge point In this type of tip, the point is at right angles to the sewing direction. You can clearly understand it from the figure 6 Figure 6 Narrow wedge point This type is most commonly used and is suitable for shorter length stitches and for light to medium grade leather. Cross point The cross section of the cross point takes a lens shape.Here it is parallel to the sewing direction so that short stitch lengths are not feasible with this type of point. Therefore it is only suitable for long stitch lengths. You can see it clearly in the figure The difference between the narrow twist point and the narrow reverse point is that the cuts made by them are at opposite directions.
Figure 9 Narrow reverse point Triangular point As its name implies, the cross section is triangular in shape as shown in figure 10. Although it has a good penetration power, the loss of strength in the material is due to the cutting effect, which is very much higher than in other types. This type is suitable for hard & thick leather. Figure 10 Triangular point Square point The cross section takes squared shape as shown in the figure 11 The loss of strength in the material due to the cutting effect is higher.This is best suited for leather, which has a coarse surface structure. Figure 11 Square point 4Needle sizing There are different types of sewing machine needles now available. The needles are also available in a wide range of sizes.
The selection of the correct size of needle is essential to make a good seam. If the needle is too small for the thread, it is difficult to pass the thread through the eye as well as it will not fit properly in the long groove and will subject to a high abrasion. If the needle is too big it will make poor control of stitches and tends to make slipped stitches.In order to select the best needle size, there should be common methods of sizing. Different manufacturers use different methods or scales to give the size of needles. The commonly used systems are metric system, inch system and the singer system. The metric system The metric system is related with the diameter of the needle blade above the scarf, but not at any reinforcement of the blade.
The diameter in millimeters multiplied by hundred gives the metric number of needle. For an example, Nm 80 sewing machine needle has a blade diameter of 0. 8mm. The inch system
In the Context of the Process of Strategic Analysis essay help free: essay help free
PEST is an acronym for the following factors Political Legal Social Technological PEST factors play an important role in the value creation opportunities of a strategy However, they are usually outside the control of the corporation and must normally be considered as either threats or opportunities. Specifically the PEST is a useful tool for understanding risks associated with market growth or decline, and as such the position, potential and direction for a business or organization.
The PEST method is at times supplemented by the legal and environmental factors. http://rapidbi. com/pestle/ SWOT Analysis The SWOT analysis is a tool used in strategy formulation that can aid in identifying the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a particular company. Strengths and weaknesses are internal factors that create or destroy value. They can be measured using internal assessments or external benchmarking. Strengths and weaknesses are within the control of the organsiation and should either be harnessed or eliminated.
For example, in 2009 Honda started the commercial production for the first time of zero-emission hydrogen fuel-cell powered vehicle as one of it’s many steps to help slow down greenhouse gases. Honda’s strength in extensive R&D made the vehicle a reality. Opportunities and threats are external factors that have the potential to create or destroy value. A company cannot control them. They emerge from either the competitive dynamics of the industry/market or from PEST factors. For example, the extremely unfavourable environment created by the global credit crunch forced Honda to withdraw from formula one racing in 2008.
Honda did this to protect its core business activities and secure the long term, as widespread uncertainties in the economies around the globe continued to mount. Pulling out of formula one racing would save Honda an estimated $108 million (US Dollar) annually. http://www. carjunction. com/infoasp2/auto_industry_news. asp http://www. timesonline. co. uk/tol/sport/formula_1/article5290919. ece Practical Relevance of the Two Frameworks The SWOT analysis is relevant to strategic planners at Honda Motors because of it’s ability to help clarify and summarise the key issues and opportunities facing the company.
Value lies in considering the implications of the things identified and it can therefore play a key role in helping Honda to set objectives and develop new strategies. The ideal outcome would be to maximise strengths and minimise weaknesses in order to take advantage of external opportunities and overcome the threats. For example, the environment may present an opportunity for Honda to develop a new product but if the company does not have the capacity to produce that product it may either decide to invest in new plant and machinery or to just steer clear.
The PEST tool can be used by strategic planner at Honda to analyse business segments, industries, particular markets or whole economies. Thus the PEST provides a summary of the driving forces in the macro environment. It will help Honda identify drivers that were of high importance in the past, indications to what extent they might change in future and how this will interfere with the organization or the whole industry.
Critical Thinking essay help: essay help
Pat isn’t knowledgeable about quality control 2. Does not think the features presented can be done in time 3. Pat does not have technology experience because prior he was in a different industry 4. Does not have enough staff due to layoffs 5. Thinks the budget is unrealistic ii. Pat 1. Prototype available by August . Thinks Kelly has no respect for Pat 3. Thinks Kelly is trying to undermine his efforts to get the product out into the market 4. Thinks they need outside contractors to complete the project by deadline 5. Thinks that postponing the product launch will increase cost 6. That increased cost will pay for itself in 10 years 7. Thinks they need to expand into other markets by improving the scanners current technology iii. Cliff 1. Thinks this scanner is the scanner of choice for airport all over 2. Thinks Pat’s history as a creative marketer in his old industry will help to put the scanner in the market 3.
Thinks that by putting the scanner in a retail type environment will put it farther out than the competition iv. Chris 1. Thinks they need to cut costs by 15% without having layoffs 2. Thinks product development is being pressured to produce more while keeping costs low or cutting them Explain the arguments made by each of these people. 2. Explanations should comprise two to six sentences for each of the following: i. Cliff O’Connor 1. Wants to reduce the original estimated costs by two thirds (2/3) and keep the original dead line the same. AcuScan is currently losing ground in the market and he needs to turn the company around.
The company needs to grow and remain profitable or they will lose business. ii. Pat Lambert 1. Pat feels that the current technology can be used in other new markets. He feels the team needs to meet goals and objectives using their limited resources. The use of outside contractors he feels is a real possibility. iii. Kelly Thomas 1. Using a workload analysis report from a few years ago, she believes AcuScan will not be able to develop the product because of staff layoffs. She argued that the new product was much more complicated to produce than Pat had implied. iv.
Chris Martinas 1. Cutting costs and laying off employees will not make this AcuScan successful because in order to create a product that is successful you must not cut corners and spend the money that needs to be spent not cut budgets back. b. Evaluate each argument listed above as sound or unsound and why. Indicate whether they are emotional or logical in nature. 3. Evaluations should comprise two to six sentences for each of the following: i. Cliff O’Connor ii. Pat Lambert iii. Kelly Thomas iv. Describe specific fallacious arguments, and identify the people who hold them. . For full credit, provide AT MINIMUM four to six fallacious arguments.
Role of Students to Maintain Peaceful Atmosphere mba essay help: mba essay help
In order to preserve the international character of a university the students must enjoy the freedom of movement. Toda, travel has become so fast and easy that the world is a much smaller place. Journeys are shorter in terms of time if not distance. The movement of teachers and students alike between universities shall help ‘to break¬down narrow nationalism. Today a proper understanding and respect for the achievements of others is essential. For in the field of techno-logy, engineering and medical science more so in space exploration, the other countries of the world have greatly advanced.
It is essential that the universities help to develop a universal respect for all achievements. With the growth of specialization, two major difficulties appear before universities. First it is easy to lose sight of the object of education by becoming involved in technical details. Secondly, by moulding itself to the needs of the students and the needs of the state, it may lose its power to mould the students into reasonable and responsible men. The need of the students for university education is purely economical. He has no more glamour of university education except for employment potentialities.
For this reason the university has not only to provide specialised training to the students. It has also to make the students capable of thinking for themselves and capable of expressing the results of their thoughts to others. The universities must produce complete human beings who are able to take their proper place in the society. They must bring credit to their education both for their professional knowledge and as men. The university education must create a sense of realization on the part of the students that they have definite duties towards human society.
They must cultivate ability in the students to behave in a reasonable way, to behave in a moderate, non-violent and peaceful way. The rowdy, lawless and destructive tendency of the students is to be curbed immediately. The universities through students must spread their influence to the society. The kind of mental and moral frustration with which the student walks out of university is not healthy. To create a balanced sense of obligation and understanding, the pursuit of knowledge must not only be confined to science, classics or medicine etc. With all the reasonable knowledge accumulated it must be turned to good account.
Changing Self Is a Complex Process essay help cheap: essay help cheap
Discuss with relation to the Kite Runner, Tsotsi and one other related text. Changing self is part and parcel of life. However it must be acknowledged that change to doesn’t come easily. The texts that I have studied have been instrumental in developing my understanding of the concept of changing self been a complex process.
The Kite Runner, by Khaled Housseini is a story of Amir’s journey to redemption. This requires him to confront his past and demons and in the process he becomes his own barrier to resist his change.Similarly in Tsotsi, a film directed by Gavin Hood explores the journey of redemption of a thug names Tsotsi where he too in the process becomes his own barrier, resisting change. Tsotsi also feels disconnected with his past in the process of change. The newspaper article “With a song in his hear”, by Terry Smith (Sun Herald) is a story of a man who achieved his dream of singing because he was willing to change. It shows us the barriers people need to face in order to change and also explores that how sometimes changing self requires a complete change in a person.All these make the process of change complex and have definitely shaped my understanding of the complexities that comes with change or in its process.
The process of changing self can be difficult because one could make oneself the barrier resisting change. In the Kite Runner, when Soraya opens up to Amir on her past life, Amir chooses not to admit his haunting secrets. The line where Soraya states “You need to know I don’t want to start with secrets. And I’d rather you hear it from me” is ironical as Amir is keeping a secret too.The short sentences reflect of confronting tone is depictive of the confrontation Amir needs to make with his own haunting secrets. Even though Soraya is opening up to him, Amir chooses not to open up about his past. The quote” I envied her.
Her secrets were out. Spoken. Dealt with. I opened my mouth and almost told her how I had betrayed Hassan, lied, driven him out and destroyed a forty year old friendship between Baba and Ali. But I didn’t. The short sentences couples with the language of resolution mirrors Amir’s jealousy of Soraya who has just opened up about her past as he envies he has the courage to do so.The high modality in “I didn’t” reinforces that Amir was given an opportunity to change, and instead of embracing it he choose not to make effective use of the opportunity This makes change difficult as he his own enemy on his journey to inner redemption Similarly in Tsotsi like Amir we see Tsotsi rejecting the opportunity to change when Boston confronts him.
as he is his own barrier resisting his change. When Boston interrogates him after the crime on the Train, eventhough we see Tsotsi pausing contemplating, he responds to Butcher with Violence.The line “ Decency.. you know the word? Tsotsi, Thug? That’s not your real name.. and when she left you.
.. may be it hurt”. The confronting language and the series of questions aims to confront Tsotsi and make him re evaluate his actions. Boston’s tone is firm and interrogating. The juxtaposition if the dancing in the background of the bar with the stillness of Tsotsi’s face when the dialogue is spoken makes us realise that Tsotsi is contemplating. However he chooses to respond with violence and beats up Boston severely.
Immediately, we see Tsotsi running into the darkness of the night from the bar which is reflects the darkness Tsotsi chooses to remain in rather than reforming. On the same night Tsotsi shoots a woman and steels her car. This shows us that Tsotsi hasn’t changed. Even though Boston interrogation should have served a catalyst for Tsotsi to change, he chooses not to, making his process of change a complex one, as he rejects the opportunity like Amir. Studying “With a song in his heart” I realized that changing self a complex process because it requires a lot of effort and sacrifice.For Smith enrolling in a music program and meeting the demands of it wasn’t easy. The line “It was a steep learning curve, but determination kept him going” reinforces this idea.
The use of the adjective “Steep” describes the depth of difficulty of changing self and the metaphor steep learning curve mirrors the idea of change been a complex process. In order for him to pay for his music tuition, which was an outlet for him to change from his wild lifestyle to a better one, it was imperative that he had to fund for his music lessons, which wan’t easily accessible.The quote “To pay the bills and the rent, and to pay for singing lessons I was working 50-60 hours a week. This makes us understand that money was a barrier and to overcome it he had to work hard. The very straightforward and factual sentences devoid of superfluous language adds to the ongoing list of effort that he needed to put in, in order to have the opportunity to change and makes the process seem daunting. However unlike Amir and Tsotsi, Smith doesn’t create barriers for his process of change but rather overcomes the barriers, even though the process s demanding and complex. The Kite Runner further endorses the idea that changing self is one that is a difficult process as it requires people to go back and confront their past in order to seek redemption.
In the Kite Runner, Amir is guilty of not interrupting the rape of Hassan. He bears this guilt for the rest of his life, and realizes that he needs to access his past to seek redemption. Going back to the past and atoning his sins, involves a heavy process of confrontation. This makes it an arduous task and requires a lot of effort.The quote “My body was broken –just how badly I wouldn’t find out until later-but I felt healed. Healed at last. I laughed” reflects the idea that for Amir in order to redeem himself and save Shohrab, it required him to have a confrontation with Asseff.
We see that he indulges and accepts to face Asseff, in order to redeem himself. The repetitive use of the word healed emphasizes and mirrors the psychological healing he endures after the beating. The use of the word “broken” to describe his body is suggestive of the price he had to pay in order to seek redemption and save Shohrab.This makes changing self a difficult process for him. As a result for in order for Amir to change he was forced to confront one his biggest fears. Studying Tsotsi made me realise that changing self may result in a sense of disconnection with people once familiar to them. In Tsotsi, we see realise that Tsotsi feels disconnected with Aap as he changes himself.
The dialogue between Aap and Tsotsi when Tsotsi says “ Come on brother” Aap replies “You’re right, we are finished, It’s over like Butcher. It’s finished and done boy” reflects the rejection Tsotsi receives as he chose to kill Butcher instead of Mr.John. The truncated sentences mirror the disconnection Tsotsi feels with his past and add to the finality of their friendship. Since Tsotsi is in the process of changing himself and chooses to do the right thing he is rejected by his childhood best friend. Tsotsi’s silence during the scene reflects Tsotsi pondering is symbolic of the friendship he will lose where Aap would be an eternal silence in his life. As the camera takes a close up of Tsotsi’s face we see a face of determination embedded with sorrow.
This makes us realise that he feels disconnected with the Aap at this moment and he is sorry about it, but he knows that letting go of Aap is best for him. Nonetheless he seems disconnected with his past and it made me realise that changing self is not easy but a journey filled with complexities. In with a song I was made to understand that changing self requires a complete shift in personality and life style. In “with a song in his heart” before Smith took the decision to change himself, he is presented to us as a person who didn’t have control of his own life.The quote: “There was no discipline, no boundaries and by the time I was 14 I was in trouble with the law and constantly running away for weeks at a time”, demonstrates his life status before the change. The repetitive use of the word “no” adds negative tone and at the same time mirrors the negativity that pervaded in his life at that time. The repetition also serves to imply the lack of limitations and the high modality of the word “no” emphasizes very clearly, what he lacked in life.
When he responded to the change he needed to change completely as a person.The quote “I went through a period of huge personal growth and you come out at the end as a different person with different ideas on life, different values” The repetitive use of the word “different” implies the different facets that were changed in his life, which were values, ideas and on the whole a completely different person than to what you started as. This shift and change in personality is not easy and makes changing challenging. In conclusion it is true to say that changing self is a complex process. It is a process filled with barriers and obstacles.In the Kite Runner, change wasn’t an easy process for Amir. It required him to confront one of his greatest fears Asseff and also standing up for something on his own.
He also was his own barrier resisting change, when he didn’t embrace the opportunities to change. Overall these made his process of change complex. In Tsotsi, we see, Tsotsi having to face a phase of discontinuation with his past life and friends when he was rejected by his friends and he chose to make the difficult decision of changing and alienating his friends rather than continuing to be a part of the underworld activities.Tsotsi was also at a point his own barrier resisting his change. These two reason were a few that made Tsotsi journey to change and redemption complex. In with a song in his heart Smith had to do undergo a complete shift in personality and at the same time had to look for ways to overcome his lack of money in order to pay for music which was the reason for his change. These made the process of changing self complex for him.
Inevitably changing self is arduous, complex and difficult but if its rewards are to be positive the struggle in incontestably worth all of it.
Taobao’s Success law essay help: law essay help
The most successful C2C E-business platform in China Chenlei Shi 865313 IT IS 600 Professor Robert Testa, Jr. September, 18, 2010 Taobao’s Success 2 Abstract With the great speed of economic globalization, E-Business is developing in a surprising speed through the wide-spread of information technology. Nowadays, there are a lot of big E-business corporations such as Amazon, E-bay focus on different E-business model and field. However when these international companies carving up the global market, some local enterprises also growing up and want to share this big cake.Taobao (www. taobao.
com), a Chinese-based company which is a leading platform for C2C personal transactions, was founded in 2003 by the 450 million investment from world’s best B2B company——Alibaba. Taobao is a typical example of China E-business style. Taobao paid a lot of efforts in order to China and Asia’s market dominance, during a lot of difficulties and challenges especially in the competition with E-bay. But some problems still exist in Taobao’ credit system and logistics model. These tough problems also exist in each E-business companies.Hence, how to fix these problems still needs development of information technology. Taobao’s Success 3 Taobao’s background and business model In May 10, 2003, Taobao was founded by Alibaba Group and specialized in C2C e-commerce (Consumer to Consumer Model).
Alibaba was founded in Hangzhou in 1999, after nearly a decade of development, has grown into the world’s largest online trading exchange market and the business community. Up to now, Taobao is the biggest Internet retail and business district in Asia, own more than 200 million registered users, accounting for 80% of online shopping market in China.Merely in 2009, transactions amounted to 50 billion dollar. However, if the Taobao’s success only attribute to its excellent “pedigree”, it would be ridiculous. Today’s Taobao E-business is more than just buying and selling of products and services through the means of digital media, E-business encompasses e-commerce and a whole lot more. For example, its E-business includes both front and back-office applications that from engine for modern business. Unlike some other corporate entities-based business, Taobao is redefining old business models through the aid of technology.
Their business are the use of Internet and other networks and information technologies to support electronic commerce, enterprise communications and collaboration, and Web-enabled business processes both within an internetworked enterprise, and with its customers and business partners. Taobao’s Success 4 The competition with E-bay E-Bay is another famous C2C business platform, and in Sept. 27, 1999, e-Bay established eBay-Each. net in order to the expansion in China market. EBay-Each establishment was even earlier than the establishment of Taobao(May, 2004).Thus, at first, Taobao had to face that they lost not only the opportunities and but also a great part of flow market. But in 2004, merely after Taobao’s establishment one years, Taobao surpassed Each.
net and been the first C2C platform in China. Then in 2006, it became the biggest shopping online website in Asia. So let us make some comparison between Taobao and Each in several aspects. First, in business strategy, both eBay each. net and Taobao choose free business at first. But eBay-Each. net gave up this attractive business strategy and began charging to the virtual shop.
However, when eBay-Each found they were losing their customer rapidly, they return to their former strategy to avoid more losing. Taobao always adhere free charge so that absorbing more customers and virtual shop. Second, Taobao was the first platform which use third-party payment platform——Alipay. That means Taobao pay attention to safety problem. With the introduction of the real-name authentication system, Taobao made distinguish between individual users and the business user authentication. But eBay-Each did not used PayPal system in China market because of a variety of reason.Until 2005, this Taobao’s Success 5 problem was solved by eBay-Each, but without doubt, eBay-Each lost its advantage in credit transaction.
Third, eBay-Each used advertisement blocking tactics to fight Taobao. In 2003, the biggest three portal in China (Sohu, Sina, 163) made a deal with e-Bay that they would never use Taobao’s advertisement. To fix this problem, Taobao use a lot of traditional medium such as newspaper, TV or subway stops, bus, road advertising. Moreover, Taobao also made a co-operation with Yahoo, using Yahoo’s search bid, investing 2 million keywords.Then Taobao increased the keywords to 3 million, and the hits up to 6million in one day. That made Taobao beyond its opponent in two key indicators, accounting for the initiative in future competition. Furthermore, another difference in Taobao’s advertisements, their membership in the trading process could feel lively culture of family.
Fourth, eBay-Each and Taobao had a significant understianding gap in market positioning. EBay-Each have their global strategy and want to do business with the people who are 30-40years old. While Taobao’s strategy is localization, and its target population was also younger than its counterpart.Last but not least, Taobao encouraged their buyer and seller makes private transaction, and supported a convenient platform. One example is the communication tool for members in a timely manner – Live Messenger. If the user enters a shop, just the owner is also online, then, they can chat with each other through sending and receiving messages. Live Messenger with a view transaction history, to understand Taobao’s Success 6 each other credit, personal information, avatars, multi-chat tool, chatting with other general features.
In contrast, at first in order to preventing buyer and seller avoiding trading commissions, eBay-Each did not allow to leave the true underline contacting ways. That made a big security risk in future development. At the end, people knew the results about this competition in 2008, Taobao occupied approximately 80% share of the whole online shopping market, and began the biggest C2C e-business platform in Asia. EBay-Each switched their target, turning into the main global purchasing markets in transition in order to avoid confrontation directly to Taobao. Secrets of Taobao’s victoy in ChinaFirst of all, without eBay-Each effort in market cultivation in first several years in China, Taobao could not be growth at such amazing speed. The original reason of eBay’s failure probably was they were too successful in the past. So eBay totally copied the American model to China.
That led a strategic error. EBay is a global strategic for high-salary and white-collar people to provide personal e-commerce platform in international trading. So did eBay-Each, their slogan was “to provide both a local and global online trading platform. ” eBay CEO, Whiteman, once said: “Our 27 markets in the world are successful.In China, the 28th markets, we will still success with our firmly established policy. ” Taobao’s Success 7 In detail, based on the comparison above, two fatal flaws led to eBay-Each collapse. Firstly, with Clayton M.
Christense research, asymmetric information, although eBay hired native manager team, Yibo Shao and Haiyin Tan, the mother company still wanted to set up a global platform to meet different customer needs in China, that would inevitably lead to inherent strategic contradiction, because the two types of customer demand cannot be satisfied together. In additional, eBay-Each spent one year and a lot of money, at Sept. 7, 2004, completed the global eBay trading platform. Even in this situation, because of the mother company have an asymmetric information problem. They just exchanged executives again and again. Secondly, Service is not good. Probably it is unfair to use the word “not good” or “bad” to describe eBay.
In some way, eBay-Each merely want to provide the best services in the world. But this all involved with its global business model. Because of C2C website should not only support a platform for seller and buyer, but also a safe Taobao’s Success 8 rading environment. A security third-party payment tools is essential. However, eBay’s best friend, PayPal support multi-currency payment, then, because of China’s foreign exchange control policy, PayPal delayed in introduction until 2005. This is only one example, other useful tools such as Skype (a tool could meet communication needs among customer) also cannot be introduction in China market. In contrast, Taobao’s original reason of this wining is its well-know background and flexible tactics.
Taobao gain a lot of benefits from its mother company both on money support and human resource. Alibaba is a mature business group in B2C e-business field. It is worth noting that the C2C market in China actually is a mixed market. Some B2C also mixed in this market, that made Taobao was able to apply sophisticated Alibaba previously successful experience in China. Furthermore, Alibaba borrowed seven experts in e-commerce to play company’s executives. Another winning method is Taobao’s flexible policy.At the beginning, when eBay-Each mastered most of stock market, Taobao did not fight with eBay-Each for the existing stock, but mining incremental market in C2C business.
That measure made Taobao captured almost 90% of new e-business users. New crisis There is no denying that Taobao can say currently the most successful Internet business platform, and its prospects for future development are promising people. Of Taobao’s Success 9 course, Taobao is also facing many problems. The most important problem is its credit system.As newly survey, Taobao still fights with reputation spam. Online shopping has become the younger generation’s main spending channel. Everything can be found at a cheaper cost and with home delivery, saving on cab fares.
But individual’s accounts safety become more and more important in this time. Moreover, the 3G technology made Taobao have to upgrade their server for customer requirement. Taobao’s campaign will never end if they still want to expand their market.
Touch Screen my assignment essay help: my assignment essay help
A touchscreen is an easy to use input device that allows users to control PC software and DVD video by touching the display screen. A touch system consists of a touch Sensor that receives the touch input, a Controller, and a Driver. The touch screen sensor is a clear panel that is designed to fit over a PC. When a screen is touched, the sensor detects the voltage change and passes the signal to the touch screen controller.
The controller that reads & translates the sensor input into a conventional bus protocol (Serial, USB) and a software driver which converts the bus information to cursor action as well as providing systems utilities As the touch sensor resides between the user and the display while receiving frequent physical input from the user vacuum deposited transparent conductors serve as primary sensing element. Vacuum coated layers can account for a significant fraction of touch system cost. Cost & application parameters are chief criteria for determining the appropriate type determining the system selection.Primarily, the touch system integrator must determine with what implement the user will touch the sensor with & what [censored] the application will support. Applications requiring activation by a gloved finger or arbitrary stylus such as a plastic pen will specify either a low cost resistive based sensor or a higher cost infra-red (IR) or surface acoustic wave (SAW) system. Applications anticipating bare finger input or amenable to a tethered pen comprises of the durable & fast capacitive touch systems. A higher [censored] tag generally leads to increased durability better optical performance & larger [censored].
The most commonly used systems are generally the capacitive & resistive systems. The other technologies used in this field are Infrared technology & SAW (surface acoustic wave technology) these technologies are latest in this field but are very much expensive. How Does a Touchscreen Work? A basic touchscreen has three main components: a touch sensor, a controller, and a software driver. The touchscreen is an input device, so it needs to be combined with a display and a PC or other device to make a complete touch input system. I. TouchSensor
Brl Hardy research essay help: research essay help
How do you account for BRL Hardy’s remarkable post-merger success? Prior to the BRL and Hardy merger both companies were rivals with diverse views of the wine industry. Due to the varying views both companies had different organizational structures and approaches.
Hardy was a family owned business focused on producing great wine. In 1853 Thomas Hardy acquired land near, Adelaide which is in South Australia. Thomas used the land to plant vines, by 1857 he produced his first vintage, and two hogsheads were exported to England.By 1882 hardy won his first international gold medal at Bordeaux. At the time of Thomas’ death in 1912, Hardy was the largest winemaker in Australia. Hardy became known for award-winning, quality wines, and the company focused on global external brand awareness. BRL on the other hand focused on commercial exporting, the cooperative was referred to as “the oil refinery of the wine industry”, and the company was more concerned with quantity rather than quality.
BRL specialized in fortified, bulk, and value wines and it was the second largest crush in Australia.Both BRL and Hardy were respected in the wine market, unfortunately both companies were suffering financial losses and the merger of both companies was the best alternative. According to an ex-BRL manager, “we had access to fruit, funds, and disciplines management; Hardy brought marketing expertise, brands and winemaking know-how”. The above mentioned characteristics added to the success of the BRL Hardy merger. The newly formed company focused on client retention, branding and cost savings.Steve Miller, CEO of the newly merged company focused on his first task, the financial situation. Since both companies performed poorly the previous year, Miller wanted to protect its share of the bulk cask business and concentrate on branded bottle sales growth.
Another aspect that added to the success of the merger was Miller’s awareness of the differences in culture and management style. Miller’s objective was to create a decentralized approach while keeping management accountable. With the delegation of small tasks, Miller wanted to create a “have a go” mentality.The objective was to have the company try 20 things and getting 80% right instead of doing two big things that needed to be 100% right. Determined to “earn his stripes” David Woods was able to integrate the two sales teams which resulted in impressive results. Both domestic bottle market share and profitability increased significantly in the first two years of BRLH’s operation. What is the source of the tension between Stephen Davies and Christopher Carson? How effectively has Steve Millar handled their differences?There are a few sources that contributed to the tension between Davies and Carson; there were conflicts in leadership, power struggles, and organizational dysfunctions.
The BRL dominated headquarters management supported delegation, but only for those that “earned their stripes”, even though Carson had a good track record, his past performance he was treated as a new comer by the new management structure. Within the Hardy built European company there were questions about whether their bulk-wine-oriented BRL colleagues understood international marketing.Due to the differences in views there was a feeling of “Us vs. Them” (UK Subsidiary vs. Headquarters). Carson did not think Davies and the Headquarters were credible and legitimate when it came to marketing. The largest dispute came from marketing strategies, specifically branding and labeling issues.
Carson felt that the image of the Hardy brands eroded in the United Kingdom and they needed to be relabeled, repositioned and re-launched. There was difficulty convincing the home office of his strategy, since Australia controlled all aspects of the brand Carson felt like he was on a tight leash.Initially Millar handled the tension between Carson and Davies effectively, Millar acknowledged the expertise and potential the two managers brought to the company; his intention was to get them to collaborate. Unfortunately I think Millar made some errors in how he handled the delicate situation. There was no clear reporting structure, Davies reported directly to Millar, on the other hand Carson reported to Millar regarding the U. K. Company’s profit performance, and reported to Davies for marketing and branding strategies.
In essence, Carson had direct access to Davies boss.Millar’s approach was flawed because he did not want to be pulled into resolving disputes, but hoped for negotiation. Hoping for negotiation is not a solution, it’s like putting a Band-Aid on a bullet wound, Millar was focused on growth and he did not encourage Carson and Davies to work things out. Should Millar approve Carson’s proposal to launch “D’Istinto”? Why or why not? Carson wanted to launch a new wine D’istinto because he felt it would have a unique image built around Mediterranean lifestyle; passionate, warm, romantic and relaxed.Carson wanted to target everyday wine consumers that enjoyed wine, but were not knowledgeable about it; he also knew that women represented 60% of the supermarket wine buyers. With D’istinto buyers would be encouraged to write to receive free recipes. Carson wanted to create a database of wine and food loving consumers that would receive future promotions through the mail.
The D’istinto line would help build BRLH Europe in size, impact and reputation. In addition to the positive impact on BRLH’s financials, D’istinto would help Carson become more influential.Millar was not convinced that launching D’istinto was a good move for BRLH, there was too much risk involved with competing on the same market with Stamps and Nottage Hill. I think Millar should allow Carson to launch D’istinto since Stamps and Nottage Hill were not doing well in the markets. A new sophisticated Italian wine would be the key in elevating the BRLH brand. What recommendation would you make to the organization concerning the conflicting proposals for “Kelly’s Revenge” and “Banrock Station”? What would you decide to do as Carson?As Millar? After struggling to manage things on his own, Carson hired an Australian marketing manager, he needed someone to come into the organization and take charge and get things done. The new hire, Paul Browne was an eight year veteran eager to capitalize on an opportunity to create a Hardy brand at the ? 3.
99 price point, but be able to promote it at ? 3. 49. Browne felt the market was ready for a fun brand that would appeal to a younger market. He came up with Kelly’s Revenge, with the support of the U. K. ales management Browne pursued the new product, creating colorful labels and preparing a detailed marketing plan. During this time BRLH in Australia was also creating a new product targeted at a similar price point.
The Banrock Station brand was launched in Australia in 1996, its motto was “Good Earth, Fine Wine”. Banrock Station became an immediate success in Australia and New Zealand. With this success it was difficult for Browne to find a place for Kelly’s Revenge since both wines had the same price point in the U.K. My recommendation would be to produce Banrock Station since it was doing well in the market and Kelly’s Revenge was not well received when surveyed by consumers. In business there are tough decisions that need to be made, but I think the wise choice is going with the product that shows better potential. I think Carson and Millar were back to the dilemma they had regarding D’istinto.
How would you compare the management style of Millar to Shackleton and Schulman?Millar, Shackleton, and Schulman were able to recognize the strengths and weaknesses of the individuals that worked for them. I think Schulman and Shackleton were similar in their leadership style because they were not selfish when it came to the success of their team. I think Shackleton was a bit stubborn and this caused him to get in his own way. Overall they possess great leadership skills which helped them to be successful in different ways. Even though Shackleton has passed, his legacy lives on because he did not allow rejection or an iceberg to stop him from his endeavor.The same goes for Schulman she could have played the victim, but she decided to have a voice and inspired others to be great. Millar on the other hand could have learned a few things from Schulman and Shackleton; I think he tried to separate himself from situations too much.
He was focused on profits and he needed to put more emphasis on making sure teams meshed well. One example was the dissention between Carson and Davies. Millar could have been a better leader in handling the situation, putting each person in their respective “corner” does not solve the problem.
Experience in High School college essay help online: college essay help online
Each teacher can recount numerous highs and lows in their teaching career. Personally, I experienced many great moments while teaching. These were days when I ended so happy and enthusiastic that I knew I had selected the right profession. On the other hand, I had days where I definitely questioned teaching as a career. These were days where the students seemed uninterested, too talkative, or even worse a blow up occurred and nothing got accomplished.
Thankfully the average combined with the positive days outshine my negative days.Through my 14 years of teaching and working in education, one event stands above the rest as my absolute best teaching experience. Through it I learned so much about teaching and dealing with students. My hope is that the student involved was at least partially changed for the better from the experience as I was. I also hope that there is something in this story that can help inform and inspire you. Let’s call him Tyler. Tyler was a troubled student.
He was enrolled in my senior American Government class followed the second semester by Economics.Surprising as it was to many former teachers, he had made it to senior year. However, he had spent a couple of years in and out of full inclusion classrooms. He had numerous behavior management issues. I don’t remember his exact IEP at this point, this happened about 10 years ago, but I know that he had impulse control and anger management issues. He had been suspended many, many times in previous years. The previous year he had been mainstreamed with a co-teacher in some classes.
However, for 12th grade, he was in my room without a co-teacher. I knew he had problems before the first day.His ESE coordinator came and visited me during planning week to have a talk about him. My style of teaching is such that I am very stern in the beginning, allowing students to get away with very little. I have always done this on purpose believing that it is easier to soften up as the year goes on than get harsher. I learned this the hard way my first year of teaching. I decided that I was not going to change the way I taught or interact with him in particular because of his issues.
He sat in the back row. I had never used a seating chart with students on the first day when I was just getting to know them.Every time I talked at the front of the class, I would ask questions of students, calling them by name. This helped me learn their names while getting the kids involved. Unfortunately, every time I called on him he would respond with a flip answer. He knew the answers when he listened but he didn’t want to be called on. If he got an answer wrong, he would get very angry.
About a month into the year, I was beating my head against the wall trying to connect with Tyler. I could usually get these kids to be involved or at the very least to sit quietly. However, he was just loud and obnoxious.Tyler had been in so much trouble through the years that it had become his modus operandi. He expected it and he expected his teachers to know about his referrals and suspensions. For every new teacher, he’d push and push seeing what it would take to get a referral. I tried to outlast him and work things out my way.
I had rarely found referrals to be effective because students would return worse than before. One particular day, Tyler was talking while I was teaching. In the middle of teaching I said in the same tone of voice, “Tyler why don’t you join our discussion instead of having one of your own. With that, he got up from his chair, pushed it over, and yelled something I can’t remember other than including the words, “You B—-! ” Well that was definitely referral time. I sent him to the office with a discipline referral, and he received a week’s out of school suspension. Now so far you might be asking how this could be my best teaching experience. So far it was actually one of my worst.
I dreaded that class every day. His anger and mumbled words under my breath were almost too much for me. The week’s out of school suspension was a wonderful hiatus, and we got a lot accomplished that week.However, the week soon came to an end, and I began dreading his return. I knew from talking with his other teachers that he would be back angrier and with a chip on his shoulder. I devised a plan. On the day of his return, I stood at the door waiting for him.
As soon as I saw him, I asked him to talk for a moment. He seemed unhappy to do it but agreed. I basically told him that I wanted to start over with him. Further, I gave him permission that if he felt like he was going to lose control in class he could step right outside the door for a moment to collect himself. From that point on, Tyler was a changed student in my classroom.He listened, he participated. He was actually a smart child and I could finally get to see this in him.
He even stopped a fight between two other students one day. And you know the most ironic part of it all? He never, ever used the privilege I had given him to leave the class for a moment. I believe that just giving him the power to decide for himself made all the difference. At the end of the year, he wrote me a thank you note about how good the year had been for him. I still have it today and find it very touching to reread when I get stressed about teaching. In the end, this experience changed me as a teacher.Students are people who have feelings and who don’t want to feel cornered.
They want to learn but they also want to feel as if they have some control over themselves. I never made assumptions again about a student before they came into my class. Every student is different; no two students react in the same way. It is our tasks as teachers to find not only what motivates each student to learn but also what motivates them to misbehave. If we can meet them at that point and take away that motivation, we can go a long way towards a more effective classroom and learning experience.Essay So far, my high school experience has been one of many choices being made. Throughout these past three years I have had to make many choices, many of which have impacted my relationship with my friends, teachers, and coaches.
However, no decision was harder than one I made this year in this past soccer season. This decision was not exclusively my own but one I shared with my father. This dilemma involved pulling me, the captain of the varsity soccer team off the team because of a problem between the coach and me.My father came to this decision because the coach was using me, whom he had made a captain and a focal point of team, as a scapegoat for the team’s losses and hardships. This was a very tough, and complicated situation in which myself. This decision to leave the team, a group of my friends, was probably the most difficult one for me to make; however, I feel it was a good one. Despite the fact this decision was not exclusively mine, I still feel that my father lofor my best interest and I am grateful for that.
Though this decision was difficult, it did open many other doors for me.I refused to dwell on the fact that all I had worked hard for had been taken away from me in one fell swoop. Instead, I tried to show resiliency and bounce back by joining clubs and making the honor roll. Even though I had achieved success on the soccer field as a player, it was not a healthy situation in which to keep myself in. Although I am a person who has always been able to take criticism, my coach’s behavior and words had degenerated to a level where it was affects my own self – respect and dignity. Both my dad and I agreed that we could not allow this to happen.After I left the team, I contemplated whether or not my father and I had made the right choice or whether I should have abide by my dad’s decision or go against it.
It came down to a talk with the Athletic Director that further persuaded me to stay off the team at least for the remainder of… oked out The years I spent in high school were truly memorable to say the least. Looking back on those days now as a much more mature, responsible, and overall better person, I believe that the experiences I had over those three years are responsible for making me the person I am today.Paradoxically enough, it seems the least enjoyable aspects of my highschool career were the most important in shaping me into the man I am today. Until recently my hometown high school, Bedford, only had tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade in the high school building, despite the fact that high school curriculum begins in ninth grade.
I was in the last class coming out of the three middle schools to not have spent ninth grade in the highschool. So as far as I am concerned, the true “high school experience” didn’t begin for me until the fall of 2004 upon entering the tenth grade.The majority of us tenth graders at the high school on the first day of class, it was our first day ever even stepping one foot into the school. For me and a few other students, it was on the contrary. Our middle schools did not offer Chemistry, and so we would go to the highschool for first period and then go back to the middle school for the remainder of the school day when we were still in ninth grade. This gave us the advantage of knowing where to go and the fastest way to get there once that dreaded first day of high school came rolling around.As for the rest of the student body, they weren’t so lucky.
I’ll never forget seeing all of my good friends staring at the map with a look of complete and utter confusion. So I just did what any one of them would have done to me: give them a hard time. It was all in good fun. We talked about our teachers, and how they gave each one of us the whole welcome-to-high-school-now-get-to-work line in our respective classes. Those of us who weren’t too close over the summer caught up on the times and what we did, where we went, and blah blah blah.It wasn’t really..
. y High School Experience When people start high school they’re usually so excited. They can’t wait to experience everything that comes with being in high school, I mean who wouldn’t? Everyone says that high school is the best four years of your life. Now that I’m months away from graduating, I can’t say they were my best years but I can say they were my most educational years, of course I wouldn’t say that they weren’t fun because they were. When I say educational, I mean I’ve learned so much about myself and so much about life.I learned what the words family, love, betrayal, law and life meant. All these events changed me, and I’m glad they happened because I wouldn’t have learned all these lessons.
My personality hasn’t changed; I’m still a carefree girl, just with a little more wisdom and a lot more strength. I started off school with a horrible attitude because my parents sent me to a different school. They sent me to a school where I knew about two people, I was so angry at my parents Is this Essay helpful?Join O that I decided to rebel until they would transfer me to Eastlake. When I went back to Eastlake everything was good again, I made new friends and I even had a boyfriend. My priorities were never really about school or getting good grades, it was always about my friends and my boyfriend. I would ditch on a daily basis just to spend more time with them even if we didn’t really do anything exciting, just as long as I didn’t have to be bored in a classroom.My ditching got so bad it got to the point where my teachers didn’t even know my name, or they thought I transferred out of their class.
As a result to all this ditching, I had horrible grades and I was way behind on my credits. I regret ditching because I ruined my chances of going to a university; instead I’m going to a community college. I realize now that I ditched for no reason at all, it was a waste of my time. I look back and think that ditching is just so ridiculous, there really is no point to it unless you want to ruin your future….
List of Inventions During Industrial Revolution college essay help online free: college essay help online free
The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spread throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. The flying shuttle 1733 The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in weaving that helped fuel the Industrial Revolution. It was patented by John Kay in 1733.
As prior to this invention weavers used to weave by hand and could only weave a fabric no wider than an arms length. If this length exceeded the maximum, two people would do the task of one but the flying shuttle could weave much wider than an arms length at much greater speeds. The spinning jenny 1764 The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning frame. It was invented c. 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle near Blackburn, Lancashire in England. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.This grew to 120 as technology advanced.
The Spinning Frame 1768 The spinning frame was an invention developed during the 18th century British Industrial Revolution. Richard Arkwright employed John Kay to produce a new spinning machine. With the help of other local craftsmen the team produced the spinning frame, which produced a stronger thread than the spinning jenny produced by James Hargreaves. The frame employed the draw rollers invented by Lewis Paul to stretch, or attenuate, the yarn. The Water Frame 1768
Human Digestion online essay help: online essay help
Describe, in 200 to 300 words, the path food follows through the digestive system and how digestion occurs in each of the following parts of the digestive system. •Include descriptions of other organs or components of the digestive system, including: oLarge intestine oMouth oSmall intestine oStomach After food enters the mouth and after being chewed by the teeth, the food then transforms into a bolus. Bolus refers to the soft mass of chewed food that passes through the digestive system.
The bolus then leaves the mouth and moves into the pharynx. The bolus then travels down into the esophagus, which leads to the stomach. Once the bolus enters the stomach, it begins to mix with the acid secretions transforming the bolus into chyme. Chyme is the semifluid mass of partially digested food expelled from the stomach in to the duodenum. Depending on the size and type of meal digested, chyme usually empties from the stomach in 2 to 6 hours.The liver, gallbladder and pancreas begin to contribute to the digestive process once the chyme reaches the small intestine. A great deal of the digestion and absorption of nutrients from food takes place once the chyme or food reaches the small intestine.
Secretion of bile from both the live and the gallbladder aids with the digestion and absorption of fat. At the same time, digestive enzymes and bicarbonate secretions from the pancreas assist in the digestive process.The excess materials not absorbed in the small intestine then travel into the large intestine via the sphincter. Both the colon and the rectum are associated with the large intestine; adding the absorption of water, vitamins and minerals, once the material enters the rectum. The material that was not absorbed in the colon travel into the anus, then is excreted from the body in the form of waste products, known as feces. This digestive process can take anywhere from 3-5 hours up to 24 hours.
Pest Analysis Nokia essay help: essay help
It is continuously changing, and the company needs to be flexible to adapt. There may be aggressive competition and rivalry in a market. Globalization means that there is always the threat of substitute products and new entrants. The wider environment is also ever changing, and the marketer needs to compensate for changes in culture, politics, economics and technology. The acronym “PEST” is used to describe framework for the analysis of these macro environmental factors. PEST Analysis of the Mobile Phone Industry
There are many factors in the macro-environment that will affect the decisions of the managers of any organisation. Tax changes, new laws, trade barriers, demographic change and government policy changes are all examples of macro change. To help analyse these factors managers can categorise them using the PESTEL model. This classification distinguishes between following factors: Political –legal environment Economic environment Socio-cultural environment Technological environment
Political-Legal Environment: This environment is composed of laws, government agencies, and pressure groups that influence and limit various organizations and individuals . Sometimes these laws create new opportunities for business. Various political and legal factors affect a particular industry. By crossing the critical100 million mark, India has one of the largest mobile service markets in the world. In last two years alone, mobile phone users have jumped from 50 million to over 100 million.
Other than the trend of growing Household income in India, the recent mobile market expansion in India has been driven mainly by enlightened regulation and market innovation. We explore some of the drivers below: Enlightened Regulation The Indian Government has been promoting market liberalisation and simplifying regulation. Unified Licensing Indian government has issued new type of unified licences to operators, enabling them to provide both fixed and mobile services. Fixed-Mobile convergence makes the bundling of services easier and operators are offering much wider choice of product to consumers.
The unified licences also allow interconnectivity across contiguous circles ; it is no longer necessary to route inter-circle traffic through a National Long Distance operator which causes delay and increases costs. Lowering of Interconnect Charges Lowering interconnection charges has direct impact on mobile service tariff and interconnection traffic will be boosted significantly, both fixed to mobile and mobile to mobile services will benefit. Made Licence Fees 10%-15% of Revenue instead of a fixed amount irrespective of the operators revenue.
The fixed amount licence fee posed a serious entry barrier to smaller operators and service providers before, now with fee linked with revenue, small players can grow, evolve and diversify into different segment and offer innovative products and services to the market. Simplified Frequency Allocation Process Radio spectrum is critical for mobile service, therefore if frequency allocation process is lengthy and bureaucratic, mobile services deployment will be delayed and it will hamper the whole industry’s development. As the allocation process is getting more simplified and transparent, networks are rolled out faster.
Are You Sure It’s Fat Free college essay help online free: college essay help online free
Are You Sure It’s Fat Free Dan Christianson MAT 126 Melinda Hollingshed November 15, 2010 Watching what we eat and dieting seems to be a very popular topic of discussion in many circles. Obesity in today’s society is classified as an epidemic. I know that I personally do not pay attention to the nutrition labels on the foods I eat, but after these exercises I may start. According to our text, the food industry bases its figures on the weight of the product not the calories it contains.
Here are the results I came up with, following the guidelines of multiplying the number of grams of fat as labeled. I figured each product both ways as shown in the text. I also chose items for each breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Bisquick Pancake Mix: 160 calories 5g of fat 5×29=145 5/145 x 100 = 3. 4% Correct calculations: 5×5=25 25/160 x 100 = 15. 6% Chunky Soup: 140 calories 3g of fat 3×29=87 3/87 x 100 = 3. 4% Correct calculations: 3×3=9 9/140 x 100 = 6. 42%
Tombstone Frozen Pizza : 360 calories 14g of fat 14×29=406 14/406 x 100 = 3. 44% Correct calculations: 14×14=196 196/360 x 100 = 54. 4% In conclusion, it is very apparent the calculations differ a great deal. In each figure, the percent was greater in each scenario when calculated the correct way. It also appears that I may want to stop eating frozen pizza’s!
Facebook and Relationships essay help us: essay help us
Daniel Holder, 16 April 2006 Page 1 Ethnographic Study of the Effects of Facebook. com on Interpersonal Relationships By: Daniel S. Holder University of Chicago Abstract: This paper attempts to assess the effects of Facebook. com, a social networking website, on interpersonal relationships via the unique “birthday” feature on the site. The study finds that this technology augments existing relationships and social obligations. The study also suggests the network becomes part of the user’s “trans-active memory. ” Facebook. com was created in 2004 and has quickly become a nationwide college phenomenon.
It is now among the 100-most-visited websites in the world. At its most basic level, the site redefines social networking by allowing users to create and maintain virtualpersistent profiles which contain personal, academic, and contact information. 1 Via dynamic data linkage, users are capable of easily finding others who share characteristics similar to themselves- for example, if someone lists East of Eden in their “Favorite Books” section, then the site allows them to click on this and see all other members in the system who listed this book as a favorite as well. Thus, Facebook. om allows people to easily find others who share similar interests and occupy similar geographic locations in the case of a recently added feature which allows users to list their current location and forecasted vacation destinations for the summer. Also, since Facebook. com is centered around specific colleges, it allows for localized advertising and group messaging. It has recently come into media attention after receiving a $750 million dollar offer for the network and has even been called an “egocasting phenomenon” by one cultural critic.
Is there a portion of people you invited based on their Facebook. com profile alone? How many events over the past year have you attended in part because of their placement on Facebook. com via messages from groups you’ve joined or advertisements? More generally, what role do group events play when organized on Facebook. com? How often do you leave friends a message on their phone or write them for their birthday? Are you more likely to add someone you’ve never met to your friends list if you see they are part of your social network (i. e. you share one of more friends with them) or would you invite them regardless?
How has Facebook. com more generally affected your interpersonal relations (i. e. high school friends)? 3 5. 6. 7. 8. Daniel Holder, 16 April 2006 Page 3 their friends belonged to the college they were currently attending (University of Chicago) which would suggest that Facebook. com users have localized groups of friends. Interestingly, the subjects interviewed had difficulty producing an approximate number of “general friends” and often gave a lower and upper estimate (from which, for simplicity’s sake, I took the mean). When asked for their number of Facebook. om friends, however, the subjects replied more quickly, one even giving the precise number “194” for the number of students within the University of Chicago. Thus by quantifying relationships on the user’s page, Facebook. com appears to be shaping the way in which people view their social relationships.
In fact, subject 2 exclaimed: “I reject friendship requests from people I don’t know! ” Of the remaining 10% or so of friendships not founded on a “face-to-face” relationship, three subjects reported that these users were accepted because they were part of the larger “social network”- i. e. both members shared one or more common friends, another fact suggesting “face-to-face” relationships play a crucial role in the creation of Facebook. com friendships. Subject 4 noted that most of this 10% of friends not met face-to-face shared multiple friends with her. Since the overwhelming majority of Facebook. om friends were originally “face-to-face” friends, I attempted to discern the role of Facebook. com in augmenting existing relationships via the birthday feature. Each Facebook. com user is required to provide their precise date of birth. With this data, the Facebook. com displays a list of “Upcoming Birthdays” on the bottom of the user’s homepage listing the upcoming birthdays of the user’s friends. Therefore, the user is reminded of friends’ birthdays without having to input them into some other type of system (be it a Palm Pilot, the person’s mind, or, more traditionally, a calendar).
The brevity of time in which users have more generally had to integrate Facebook. com into their lives and time-schedules and the ongoing development of the network itself makes it difficult to understand its effects on social relations as well. Though there is the question of to what extent does the use of technologies like Facebook. com prevent or hinder other forms of interaction, this study suggested involvement within the Facebook. com network does not provide a time-constraint for other forms of interaction- three out four subjects reported only checking the site once a day and updating their profile once a month.
Interestingly, the response times between number of Facebook. com friends and general friends suggest Facebook. com could also have an effect on the way users conceptualize their social relations. The targeted messages of groups and advertisements, again, support the thesis that Facebook. com does not create or spur new social relationships or to even interfere with existing one, but, as Claude Fischer suggests for telephones in America Calling, it only augments existing ties.
The Person I Admire Most a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The Person I Admire Most| | The person I admire most is a woman named Francesca. She has an extraordinary job as a secretary in a law firm at Raffles Boulevard.
This job makes high demands on her time. But what astounds me about her is not her job, but her unconditional love for animals. I first got to know her when I visited the SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) to get a cat. Francesca was there, tending to one of the dogs which had a swollen paw.It was only a tender pup so I approached her to ask about the animal. I became increasingly disgusted as she told me the story of how the puppy was ill-treated. It was a kindly passer-by who took the puppy to the SPCA after realising that its owner ill-treated it.
I then asked if she was a vet and I was surprised to find that she was an SPCA volunteer. I was moved by her devotion to her cause and asked if I could become a volunteer myself.We became good friends as she sat down to give me some details on what it was like helping to look after these loveable animals. Since then, she has inspired me in many ways. I have not only learnt how to thoroughly care for my cat, but my interest and love for animals has grown since meeting her. I find it incredible that despite her busy schedule as a secretary, she still finds the time to go there more than three times a week to see to the animals. Perhaps I will do the same in future, as I only volunteer at the SPCA during the weekends now.
Stakeholder Influences assignment help sydney: assignment help sydney
People often think of stakeholders as people with a monetary stake in an organization, but not necessarily true anymore. In the past, people considered stakeholders the people with a financial stake in the organization that would receive profits from the success of the business. Today stakeholders cover a much broader spectrum of people such as funders, administration, staff, volunteers, community, and the target population (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
Each group of stakeholders has his or her influence on the program plan as well as the success of a human service organization and programs services (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The owner, operators also known as shareholders founded the organization for a specific purpose to meet the needs and problems of a targeted population (Yuen/Terao, 2003) Therefore, the human service organization’s purpose, mission, and goals have a direct effect on the program plan (Yuen/Terao, 2003). Funding institutions have a serious effect on the success of a human service program (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
Indeed, without the funders support many nonprofit human organizations could not provide program services (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The target population is critical to the success of a human service program plan because if the program plan does not meet his or her needs and problems the program will not be a success (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The administration and staff also have an impact on the human service program plan (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The administration will oversee all areas of the program plan to make sure the program plan is meeting the needs and expectations of the stakeholders (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
The staff will have a direct impact on the program plan so it is critical that he or she has the appropriate education, skills, and certification for his or her position within the organization (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The staff will have direct contact with the target population from intake to completion of the program services (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The staff will provide client program services, perform evaluations, and enter all data into the data management system (Yuen/Terao, 2003). Therefore, the staff will be critical in providing data that directly affects the program plan and services, which depends on the positive or negative outcomes from he evaluations of the program (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The community is a serious aspect to consider as well because it provides a variety of areas that affect a human service organization’s program plan. For example, the community includes political factors, providers of goods, volunteers, addition resources, donations, additional funding opportunities, and support (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The community can have a positive or negative on the human service agency’s program plan and services (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
Therefore, human service organization needs a well-organized program plan that has a positive impact on the target population as well as the community (Yuen/Terao, 2003). PEACE Domestic Violence Agency Stakeholder Influences The PEACE Domestic Violence Agency decided is to create a program plan addressing the need within the community to help reduce domestic violence, and sexual assault (Yuen/Terao, 2003). “PEACE’s mission is to reduce victim trauma, empower survivors, and promote recovery through direct services” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p.
Appendix B). The mission of the PEACE agency is in line with the community needs and problems of Portland (Yuen/Terao, 2003). “As a large metropolitan city, the region has experienced increasing reports of domestic and youth violence, spousal and child abuse, assault, and incidents of road rage over the last 5 years” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p. Appendix B). The community will have a direct impact on the program plan because it is seeking program services to meet the specific needs and problems of the community (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
The founders of the PEACE Domestic Violence Agency will have a direct impact on the program plan because the agency have a stake, purpose, mission, and goals to achieve success (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The PEACE agency must have a well-organized and researched program plan that results in a positive outcome as well as positive benefits on the target population and community (Yuen/Terao, 2003). With a program plan not well planned, the agency will fail to have positive impacts on the target population and community and Peace could lose community support and funding (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
The funding institution with grants the PEACE agency is eligible for is “The National Foundation’s funding program” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p. Appendix B). The funding institution strives to accomplish positive outcomes that benefit the community (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p. Appendix B). First, “promote the well-being of young men, women, and children whose lives have been affected by domestic violence, and to reduce the prevalence of domestic violence through increased service provision, education, and awareness” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p.
Appendix B). Second, “improve the quality of life of families with a member or members in prison, through the provision of services responsive to their needs” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p. Appendix B). Third, “provide young people who are or have been involved with the criminal justice system with a rehabilitation program designed to obtain the skills, confidence, and personal support networks to enable them to lead fulfilled and successful lives” (Yuen/Terao, 2003, p. Appendix B).
The National Foundation will have a direct impact on the program plan because the PEACE agency will have to meet the specific requirements of the funding institution (Yuen/Terao, 2003). Indeed, the PEACE agency may have to expand on the initial program plan to accommodate the required impact on the target population expected by The National Foundation (Yuen/Terao, 2003). Additional, considerations funding institutions can range from government grant programs to private funders and donators. The economic situation has increased the need of program services for a wide variety of people from diverse cultural backgrounds (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
The increase in people needing program services from nonprofit organizations has required funders to become more selective when deciding, which agencies to award the grants (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The funders do have a direct effect on the program plan therefore; the agency must create a plan that meets the specific requirements of the funding institution (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The PEACE Agency’s administration and staff are required to have the appropriate education, skills, and certifications to provide program service efficiently with positive outcomes (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
Administration has a direct impact on the program plan and will have the final approval in approving the program plan. Administration will review the periodically generated evaluation progress reports to determine where the program plan needs expanding, eliminated, or adjustments to accomplish better results in future outcomes (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The staff is critical in the program plan because he or she will be working directly with the target population, community, administration, suppliers, funding institutions, outside resources (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
In addition, the staff will conduct the evaluation research, collect the data and input it into the data management system (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The staff will document negative and positive outcomes as well as make periodic recommendations on areas that need enough expanded, eliminated or adjustments to improve programs services for positive outcomes in the future (Yuen/Terao, 2003). The effects the community and political factors will have on the PEACE agency’s program plan is determined by the impact, benefits, and positive outcome the program has on the community (Yuen/Terao, 2003).
Is It Really You God? narrative essay help: narrative essay help
In sharing these stories, Loren Cunningham draws out principles of listening to the voice of God. One of these principles is the wise men principle. Using the story of how God led three wise men to the place of Jesus’ birth. This principle explains how God will use 2 or more spiritually sensitive people to confirm what He is telling you. Cunningham also writes of how he left the Assemblies of God in order to follow God’s call in his life. From this incident, Cunningham explains that sometimes opposition of men can be guidance from God also.
I believe at the end of the book there were some steps to listening to God. You know when you grow up in a certain denomination we tend to see things from that perspective only. In this I also am guilty. Until a few months ago, I also would have said that listening to God was an uncommon thing, only for those who are holier than others. Then God has a way of speaking to you during times of prayer, during Quiet Times, listening to messages and music. But I believe that the inaudible still small voice can be heard apart from all these things.
All messages must be tested with the word to make sure they do not contradict. But when there is no conflict but by circumstances and affirmations from godly people can open us up to the fact that God does still speak in these ways. There is an unfathomable peace and courage in your heart when you realize that you are in the will of God. That regardless of what others say or do you can find peace in Christ n all circumstances. We do not teach such things in the church. There is a lot of fervency but very little fruit for it is all directed in the wrong place.
There is much effort but not in the right direction. The frustration with living the Christian life is that one says that God is alive but very little is done to actually experience this living God in our lives. Head knowledge can only be translated into heart knowledge if one learns to live in faith and though experience know that God and His words are true. And Cunningham’s book helps us to wake up beyond doctrines and memorizations and meet the living God, “so Christ can live within me. ”
Inclusion and Diversity in the Cclassroom online essay help: online essay help
How do you embrace inclusion in the workplace/classroom as it relates to diversity and its thereby enhancing the learning and work environment? Inclusion in the classroom and workplace definitely yields benefits and enhances the classroom environment. I feel that first of all all barriers and boundaries need to be identified and eliminated. This enhances the inclusion, diversity, and equality in the classroom. I try to identify each students needs as early as possible.
For the disabled student this information should be readily available from the IEP, 504 plan, any specialists, school psychologists, and, of course the parents. The students needs need to be clearly indicated in order to best promote inclusion. Students may need accommodations to the lessons and modifications to the classroom. Some students may require extended time to complete assignments and tests , hard copy of notes, recorded lectures, preferential seating and/or to have tests read to them.
Students with physical disabilities may require a special desk and to have the room structured for mobility issues. Students with auditory issues may need special placement in the class to enhance hearing and/or lip reading, while students with behavioral or learning disabilities may need the classroom structured to feel more secure. I try to set up steps such as benchmarks, expectations for teachers and staff, develop an action plan for the classroom, look at the current practices to determine strengths and weaknesses, hold staff meetings and continuously adjust to allow for needs of the students.
However, the most critical adaptation in the classroom is to create an atmosphere of inclusion and diversity. I never put up with slurs and cuts, they should be immediately addressed. I encourage students to work in diverse groupings and allow each student to shine in his or her own style. Inclusion applies to more students than only those with disabilities. I have students discuss how they are alike and how they are different.
I want my students to understand that it is OK to be different; that we are all unique and special. I believe students should be taught to communicate more effectively by using “I” statements when an issue of bias arises. If their community is less inclusive and not as sensitive to environmental differences, I take the time to discuss how people in the community or at home feel about differences compared to the people at school. I encourage students to form their own opinions and help them feel empathy for each other.
I also encourage parents to come in and share experiences with the class, such as family history, stories, and items unique to their culture. This puts a high value on diversity and engages parents at the same time. Inclusion and diversity are topics that some find confusing and complicated but also dynamic. I try to be sensitive and thoughtful and to interact with students as individuals and respect each student for who he/she is. .
Difference Between Leadership and Management common app essay help: common app essay help
Since long, the deep-rooted difference reigning between leadership and management has fuelled a raging debate. According to Bennis, “There is a profound difference between management and leadership, and both are important. To manage means to bring about, to accomplish, to have charge of or responsibility for, to conduct. Leadership is influencing, guiding in a direction, course, action, opinion. The distinction is crucial. ” In fact, leadership and management are both vital and complementary.
Certainly distinctive in nature, they nonetheless remain two indispensable systems of actions in a business environment. The engagement into the debate to differentiate the 2 terms, calls for settling down on definitions in endemic framework. Leadership has been subjected to various definitions, one of which is the “process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task”.Keith states that, “Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen” while according to Ogbonnia “effective leadership is the ability to successfully integrate and maximize available resources within the internal and external environment for the attainment of organizational or societal goals. ” This can be expanded into a more complex definition: “Leadership is an interpersonal influence directed towards the achievement of goal/goals, which has led to the emergence of the Trait theory of Leadership”.The leadership trait theory postulates that people are born with specific features which make up their personality. Since those distinct traits are linked to skillful leadership, it assumes that once people with the right traits have been spotted, potential leaders will be unveiled.
Various studies have attempted to determine which qualities are essential in a leader. One American study cites the following: Judgment, Drive, Fairness, Energy, Initiative, Human Relation Skill, Ambition, Emotional Stability, Integrity, Decisiveness, Dedication, Co-operation, Foresight, Dependability, and Objectivity.Therefore a leader is a person who selects, equips trains and influences one or more follower(s) gifted with specific skills and channels that follower towards achieving the organizational mission and objectives. The leader can exert such a charismatic influence by conveying a futuristic vision in clear terms that is in line with the follower’s beliefs and values in such a way that the latter can understand and translate tomorrow’s unknown into today’s action steps.In this process, the leader puts forward this vision in contrast to the present status of the organizational and by making use of analytical thinking skills, insight, intuition of convincing grandiloquence and interpersonal communication, the leader smoothens and puts into limelight opinions and beliefs of the followers such that the latter can step out of ambiguity into clarity and shared vision, which results in influencing the follower to embrace the future state of the organization as a covetable condition deserving personal commitment and corporate resources.A leader achieves this by using ethical means and covets the greater good of the follower during the course of action such that the latter is better off as a result of integral communication with the leader. A leader, aware of the uniqueness of each follower, brings about unity of common goals and vision without jeopardizing the personality of the follower.
The leader executes this through modernistic flexible means of education, support that meet, within realms of reality in terms of range of the organizational resources, the demand of the person.A leader recognizes the major influence of audiences outside of the organization framework and depicts the organization to them with a view of giving good impression of the organization objective. To contrast with, management, in all business and organizational activities ascribes to the action of gathering people with an aim of reaching a certain set of goals and objectives by making an efficient and effective use of available resources.Since organizations are viewed as systems, management can also be translated as the human effort including design, to ease production of useful outcomes from a system. The term ‘Management’ encompasses so many flows of actions that different writers engaged in defining it, differently. • Mary Follet : “Management is the art of getting ;things done through others” • Jean Allen : ‘Management is what a manager does’. The American Marketing Association: ‘Management is guiding human and physical resources into dynamic organizational units which attain their objectives to the satisfaction of those served within a high degree of moral and sense of attainment on the part of those rendering services.
” • Jean Robert : “Management is a combination of ensuring job satisfaction for staff, and meeting organizational demands. From the enlightenment provided above, we cannot overlook the fact that leadership and management do differ.The rhetoric about the distinction between leadership and management has been long and until today, put forth with hope of being answered coherently, especially in our modern business world. In many a case, these two terms have been used interchangeably, but in fact, there reigns an immense difference between them. A leader is a manager but a manager is not necessarily a leader; and this is majorly from where stems the various theories highlighting the differences between leadership and management.In his book, “On Becoming a Leader” Bennis spent much ink delineating the differences, “I tend to think of the differences between leaders and managers as the difference between those who master context and those who surrender to it. There are other differences as well, and they are enormous and crucial.
” 1. ‘The manager administers, the leader innovates’ 2. ‘The manager is a copy, the leader is an original’ 3. “ The manager maintains, the leader develops; 4. ‘The manager focuses on systems and structure, the leader focuses on people; 5. The manager relies on control, the leader inspires trust’ 6. ‘The manager has her eye always on the bottom line, the leader has her eye on the horizon’ 7.
‘The manager accepts the status quo, the leader challenges it’ Since management is a subset of leadership, the trick lies in demarcating where pure management embraces some of the traits of leadership. From the distinctions delineated, one can note that a leader’s style therefore, pertains to Transformational while that of a manager pertains to the Transactional.As Burns said in his Traditional Transformational leadership behaviour theories, transformational leaders ‘…recognizes and exploits an existing need or demand of a potential follower…(and) looks for potential motives in follower, seeks to satisfy higher needs and engages the full person of the follower’ and contrasts it with the Transactional behaviour being ‘Approaches followers with an eye to exchanging one thing for another: jobs for votes, or subsidies for campaign contributions’.From Bennis’ point of view, leaders have been identified to use vision to animate, inspire and transform purpose into action, a way of doing which is line with the Transformational style as compared to the Transactional leadership style where managers are more work-focused. As he defines it, transformational leaders ‘see their role as inspiring and motivation others to work at levels beyond mere compliance, espousing Bennis’s thought:” The manager administers, the leaders innovates”.Only transformational leadership is said to be able to change team/organizational cultures and create a new direction’, further espoused by Bass, ‘the transactional leaders within the organizational culture as it exists, the transformational leader changes the organizational culture’ Leaders adhering to the transformational style, arouse emotions in their followers motivating them to act beyond the framework of what may be described as exchange relations while managers, majorly governed by transactional style, will rather set up a series of rewards and punishments to motivate members of the organization.Transactional leadership, a popular approach for many managers, consists of working within clear structures whereby it is clear what is required from subordinates, and what rewards shall be conferred for following the orders, as compared to the Transformational leadership whereby the leader puts passion and energy in everything while also caring for the personal success and upliftment of their followers since the transformational leader seeks to transform.
Bennis further elaborated on transformational leadership as fulfilling the requirements of the following. Management of attention. Transformational leadership starts with the development, a view of the future that will shape and compel focus as well as excite and convert potential followers. • Management of meaning This evokes the ability to communicate vision. This takes energy & commitment, as few people will immediately buy into a radical vision, and some will join the show much more slowly than others. The Transformational Leader thus takes every opportunity and will use whatever works to convince others to climb on board. • Management of trustIt ascribes to consistency and honesty.
This essential part can be linked with Heifetz theory of dispersed leadership where the latter argues that the role of the leader is to help people face reality and to mobilize them to make change (A huge contrast to what management does: “The manager administers, the leader innovates”) • Management of self It ascribes to the personal weakness and strengths. It relates to the ability of recognizing one’s own skills and limitations. While transformational leadership is about implementing new ideas, staying lexible and adaptable and continually improves those around, its polar opposite, transactional leadership stresses on how to be effective within the status quo itself, a style mostly adopted by management. Transactional leadership is thus, more of a ‘telling style, elaborated in Ashridge’s studies where the ‘telling style’ is about the manager making all the decisions and issuing instructions which must be obeyed without question. It is the most efficient type of leadership for highly-programmed work but it does not encourage initiative nor commitment from subordinates, only adherence to compliance (joining back the transactional style)Zalenic went further into the analysis; espousing that managers are overly rational, somewhat detached and task-oriented- a living personification of Taylor’s theory of scientific management. Purely task-oriented leaders are likely to be psychologically distant managers. Management tends to more task-focused compared to leadership.
In this context, Blake&Mouton’s leadership grid define the task-oriented manager as being more concerned with production and the relation-oriented leader as being more ‘concerned for people’. [pic]This leadership grid attempts to conceptualize how ‘task’ and ‘people’ orientation of a leader helps the organization in attaining its purpose and categorizes leadership into 5 styles: 1. Impoverished Manager (Low people-Low task concern) They exhibit lack of concern for the result of the assigned task as well as for interpersonal relationship, thereby failing to haul up to the exigencies of Adair’s Action centered approach as well as to that of Henri Fayol’s Principle of Administrative Management (Planning, Organizing, coordinating and Controlling). . Country-Club Manager (High people-Low task) They display care and concern for people. They create a comfortable and friendly environment while de-emphasizing the productivity of task. 3.
Authority Compliance Manager (Low people-High task concern) One can derive that pure management leans more on concern for production and that its starts embracing (effective) leadership when it shows a higher concern for people. In fact the Grid theory asserts that effective leadership is the 9-9 style- high people & task concern. In this light, Adair’s Action centered theory can be called upon to draw the line between leadership and management or when management starts fiddling with leadership by using the Inter-relationship of the 3 goals’ diagram. [pic]Adair suggested that a leader is confronted to the ordeal of achieving the 3 major goals. This study leads to the emergence of his ‘Action Centered Leadership’ theory: A situation where a group of people aiming at achieving a certain goal will pave the way to spot a potential leader. In fact management (solely) will rather focus on task needs, that is, the achievement of a goal or task as being the responsibility of the leader. This relates to the fulfillment of a very practical activity or it may also be a less tangible objective.
For successful completion of the task, the leader must be capable to identify the available resources both in terms of people and systems in line with the fruition of the identified aims. The emergence of more accurate leadership qualities can be noted when Management of Team & Individual is more tightly knitted in. Managing the team requires a leader to encourage members and stimulate them towards collective & mutual commitment to reach the goals. He provides feedback to the group about the overall progress, establishes, agrees and communicates standards of performance and behaviour as well as sorts out culture.She monitors, maintains discipline, ethics. She is expected to anticipate and resolve group conflicts, and develop team spirit and collective maturity. She enables and eases good internal & external group communication.
Managing the individuals relates to meeting the needs of the specific people as the group takes a life on its own but the individuals keep their identify. This is imperative to sustain motivation to complete the task. The leader is expected to wrap to assist and support them through highs and lows, agreeing upon appropriate individual needs and goals.She confers recognition and praise the person as a means of encouraging efforts and good work (A type of motivational tool usually unused by managers but preferred by transformational leaders) Furthermore, Mintzberg’s thesis on the nature of managerial work can be called upon to spot managers with only management potential from those demonstrating leadership skills too, gauged by the measuring the extent to which they fulfill the interpersonal roles; especially the ‘figurehead’ and ‘leader’ criteria.
Where Have You Been? college essay help online: college essay help online
Where are you going, Where have you been? Stephanie Bumpase AIU Where are you going, Where have you been? The character Connie in the story “Where are you going, Where have you been? ” was a young 15yr old girl in a small town. She was beautiful and knew that she was beautiful. A flat character is a character that stays the same throughout a story (Gioia & Kennedy, 2010) and a round character is the opposite of flat in which the character changes significantly (Gioia & Kennedy, 2010).So in this story, Connie could be consider a round character because before Arnold Friend came around she was like any other teenager and when he came and put a little fear in her, she became a scared little girl. I fell that Connie was an individual character.
Her mom was always critizing her. June was in another category. Connie Dad really did not do or say much. So Connie had to stand on her own two feet by herself. Connie’s mom was a stay at home mom, like most small town people. Her Dad would work long hours and her sister would work and help pay bills and keep the house clean.Like in most towns as well, there was always a parent would drop their teenagers off at the mall or movies and pick them up.
This town would do what any other town would do. Connie was like any other typical teenager. Connie was for one, beautiful and two she was a curious teenager. She was into boys like most teenage girls do. Connie likes to look good and keep up with her image. What changes that occurred in Connie are when she went to the drive-in and she took that ride with that boy. And when her sister asked her how the movie was, she said it was alright.
There was an antagonist-protagonist between Connie and Arnold. Connie was the protagonist and Arnold was the antagonist. Arnold kept telling Connie that she was going to take a ride with him. He kept on and kept on with her and he told her also that she was his. She didn’t want to go anywhere with him and she insist that she was not going. What you later learn about Connie is that she started out as a happy go lucky young lady. She then became a brave young lady when she talked sharp back to Arnold.
Then as the story continues, you see that Connie was a scared little girl. Her mom was always comparing Connie with June.Her mom wanted Connie to be more like June and her father never said anything. June really didn’t hang out with Connie. Through the music and this strange guy showing up, Connie was amused at first. Connie kept talking to the Stranger to figure out who he was and how he knew her. The shift changer of the story was when Connie question Arnold his age and seen how his looks changed.
The theme slowly change when Connie insist that she was going to call the police. Arnold informs her that “Soon as you touch the phone I don’t need to keep my promise and can come inside, you won’t want that” (Oates, 1970).Some of the major stages were when Connie notice Ellie’s face. She also notices the boots on Arnold that they seem kind of big. Also When Ellie said “You want that telephone pulled out? ” (Oates, 1970). Another major stage was when Arnold said that the old lady down the road was dead. The symbolic contrast between the stranger and the ordinary town’s people was that the stranger was not an ordinary town’s people but a killer.
He was in that town, stalking his prey and killing people. Connie action at the end of the story may have been a betrayal to her family because she was dead and didn’t say good-bye.She didn’t let her family know that she would be gone forever. The way the story ended was a tragic. It makes you think that this could really happen to you. It shows that Connie was seeing the light and was going to the light. It could be a warning to let people know to not to trust everyone.
She could had called the police when she first heard the car coming down the drive way. That way the police could be coming and her life would have been saved. Parents should always tell their kids to never talk to strangers. The conflict between June and Connie is that they had an age difference.June was a little more reserved and Connie wasn’t. This could tell you in the story, that June was a little more mature. June would pay bills and clean around the house and Connie was young and hard headed.
The stranger name was kind of funny. He had a real first name “Arnold”, but the last name was trying to be a bit funny “Friend. ” Friend is a statement that he is everybody friend. The letter “X” means that Connie was going to be Arnold next victim. Like the saying “X marks the spot. ” Connie’s action compare to today generation is the same.
Sustainable and Integrated Rural Economic Development essay help for free: essay help for free
Telecentres in Uva province, Sri Lanka. 0 Telecentres in Uva Province established by the government had faced a critical sustainability risk as they were not able to generate adequate income, lack community participation and lack of Technical and business knowledge. E fusion private ltd undertook an assignment from government ICT Agency for economic development and help sustain the Telecentres . The Uva province has the highest poverty in Sri Lanka with poverty gap index of 6. 2 compared to national index of 3. 1. 92% percent of community were involved in Agriculture sector, hence any economic development requires a major focus on farmers.
The education and literacy rate also is very low, in Uva province challenged with critical transportation, communication and energy challenges. The needs assessment carried out found the need for creating a foundation for a long term economic development program starting with basic capacity building, community awareness, and content and services deployment for economic progression. M & E and Research found that rural Telecentres operated in isolation, lacked ICT knowledge, e content for community involvement.
Telecentre services limited to basic training in ICT literacy were not enough to generate revenue for sustainability. They had a English language barrier to use internet. The Telecentre operators lacked leadership and poorly trained. Brain drain was a major issue due to lack of economic progress in Telecentres. The Regional Impact Team (RIT) assignment given by ICTA was an ample opportunity to design an ICT integrated long term economic development project. Taking the concept of E Leadership, E-Business and E Learning,
Project E3 was designed as a pilot project of 2 years, which involved capacity building, training, and content & services deployment ans technical assistance to grass root Telecentres to build an ICT based economic network. Project E3 designed an economic development process making ICT as prime strategic tool for communications, capacity building, training; technical assistance and deployment of business services through Telecentres. The lack of English knowledge addressed with local language ICT for business, content and communication tools to enable inclusion of rural communities in the development.
Local language ICT helped reaching of stakeholders faster and improved communications to increase participation, helped making economic progress, increased training effectiveness, improved monitoring and evaluation and community involvement to reach project goals. ICT strategies helped project E3 to transform isolated Telecentres to a Rural Economic Development Network. ICT tools used included community networking tools, micro business tools, e learning tools and applications for engaging rural communities in business through Telecentres.
Local language ICT helped bridging the gap of rural community participation in online economic activities. This was enabled by the development and deployment of local languages technologies for increasing rural online economic activities and employment opportunities. The project used ICT effectively to empower rural communities, creating equal opportunities, improving entrepreneurship and sustaining Telecentres. Project used ICT for rural agriculture development, improving economy of rural women, increasing employment, improving rural business and financial management.
It helped rural communities to save time and traveling with online bill payment through internet banking. ICT also helped reducing costs of the project, rural Telecentres and rural businesses. The success of Project E3 was the footing of ICT it was designed on, where local innovations could emerge at Telecentres. The flexibility created by ICT inspired Local Telecentre initiatives, ownership and innovation in providing services and products to target groups that helped creating performance improvements resulting a positive impact in Telecentres and heir communities. Vision, objectives and goals: Vision – Rural Economic Growth through ICT Innovations Objectives – To build capacity of Telecentres to increase ICT based rural economic activities To introduce ICT as an important business tool in rural business To develop a local Telecentre leadership network for rural economic development To create business linkages for rural women, farmers and entrepreneurs To create an ICT based market place for rural communities
To increase participation of rural communities in national economic activities through Telecentres To increase revenue opportunities for rural women, farmers and micro businessman To develop local language ICT tools for rural economic development To develop rural economic networks through multi stake holder collaboration To develop a local language rural economic and social networking software on mobile To explore how ICT could be used as a catalyst for rural economic development.
Goals- To sustain Telecentre Networks through ICT based rural economic development To use ICT as a strategic tool in rural economic development To create an ICT based market place for rural communities To create corporate business linkages benefiting rural communities To enable equal participation of rural communities in economic activities To improve economy of rural women, farmers and micro businessman To make available of local language ICT tools for rural business To establish an multi stake holder collaborated rural economic network To research effective applications of ICT for rural business
Goals achieved – During the first phase (2 years) of the pilot, it was planned for capacity building, training, and content and technology development to create a sustainable Telecentre network for economic development. The phase I activities included a needs assessment, 24 local training events, 7 central events on technology, e business and media, 48 community awareness events. A local Telecentre leader’s network was developed for economic development of rural communities. A local language e learning system and content developed for sustainable agriculture, entrepreneurship, ICT in local language.
During this phase R & D was done to develop an e business software tool and a mobile business portal in local language. The project won e-India 2009 Award for best Telecentre Civil Society Initiative. The phase II aims to up-scale project E3 to implement a National e business portal for creating an online and mobile market place for rural community products and services. Among the best achievement is business linkages created among Telecentres, sustaining of the Telecentre network The role of ICT: ICT was the primary tool used for successful implementation of following processes by Project E3 and development Partners
Project Planning and Management – ICT was used for project planning, resources management and assessment of progress using MS project planning, Visio like tools. SUGAR CRM group ware helped collaboration of the project team. Needs assessments – Developed ICT based tool for data capture, analysis and evaluation of needs of the community and Telecentres. Data captured through mobile and PC survey tools, Data were entered to Statistical tools for analysis and creating a base line. GIS tools for mapping – A GIS Tool was used to map Telecentre communities and manage their information.
This helped creating birds eye view of the development needs and bottom up information processing and top down planning integration. Online communications – Skype, Goolgle Discussion Forum, Ning Social Netowork, Telecentre. org, telecenter. lk, Blogger, Joomla like online tools and facilities used for efficient communications. The use of local language ICT in communication helped increasing inclusion of rural communities in economic development. Online Training for saving costs – Adobe connect, Skype and MS Net meeting was used to deliver online training.
The online training sessions were participated by ICT and business professionals who did not had to travel to rural areas. Training Materials for capacity building and training – Digital video lectures and content were produced in Local language for training in operating computers, Office and business applications, graphics, business planning, project management, and sustainable agriculture. The content were distributed as DVDs and uploaded to an e learning system that was hosted locally at Telecentres.
They were used at Rural Telecentres for training of rural youth, women, farmers and micro businessman. Implementing e learning for business and agriculture – Online e learning system and content developed for training in sustainable agriculture (www. navagoviya. org) and used SME online training tools http://www. smeguide. lk to train Telecentre operators and rural business communities for modern business principals. Although e learning is considered as distance technology for rural communities, the local language content and tools helped them to immerse in e learning for economic development.
Efficient Technical Support & Help Desk – An e Help desk was implemented with an online CRM tool, Google Group, phone, mobile and using Skype. The help desk helped resolving technical issues in Telecentres and link rural communities for sound business advice and consultation. The Free Team viewer software Tool was used to online trouble shoot Telecentre technical problems. As the project progressed volunteers joined helped improving technical capacity of the Telecentre network. One good outcome was peer to peer technical assistance using ICT tools which helped increasing Telecentre Technical sustainability.
Improving financial management – Turbocash free open source software was localized and training materials were produced in local language to train Telecentres and local businessman in efficient financial management. ICT helped finding this solution on internet and localization with remote assistance. This project was done by Thanamalwila Telecentre under the guidance of Project E3, through ICTA funding. The development team collaborated using internet for the localization of this business accounting software.
Content Development- The project used 100% e content which saved paper and enabled efficient learning of ICT, business and sustainable agriculture. ICT helped developing new pedagogies which goes beyond traditional text books and manuals. The content incorporated animations, interactive exercises, video and audio material which enhanced the learning of by rural communities which also helped developing Telecentre economy as more rural users started using local language content at Telecentres. Internet banking – Internet banking was used for managing project finances.
Internet banking usually intended for urban communities was introduced at Telecentres. It helped rural communities for utility bill payments saving time and travel costs for rural communities. Project E3 also helped providing business advice for Telecentres on capital financing and micro credit services. Employment Opportunities – Local language job bank portal setup by Sewanagala Telecentres in Uva Province helped creating local and foreign employment opportunities across the Uva Telecentre network which helped Telecentres to access and post job postings, access government gazette for employment opportunities electronically.
Mobile communications- Mobile internet access, SMS and group communications helped the project realization. With more than 40% of rural communities with access to mobile phones, M- business is one of the prime focus areas considered for development in phase II of project E3. M & E and Reporting – More than 95% monitoring and evaluation and reporting activities used ICT to reduce use of papers. The data were collected, analyzed, reported and shared in electronic form using ICTs.
It helped increasing of quality, sharing, comparison with base line data and monitoring of progress of the capacity building and economic development. All data collected were entered into databases and analysis models were used to for evaluation of Telecentres more accurately and faster. Software and Tools – The project used many free and open source applications for economic development. A special local language e business application was being developed to implement an e business networking hub. In this development process internet helped to collaborate between developers and to obtain open source tools.
Project E3 also developed spreadsheet based business and project planning, financial recording, business analysis and forecasting tools for Telecentres for efficient business management. Transparency, Accountability and governance – Use of ICT in project enabled transparency in management, increased accountability and helped establishing good governance which helped creating trust and community involvement in development process. Telecentre based BPO services – Uva Telecentres were involved in offshore and local BPO services. This included data entry and processing and market research like services.
These services were implemented using ICTs and helped economic development of Telecentres and creating rural employment. Business development and Linkages – The web development online content management and e business training by Project E3, build capacity of Telecentres to provide ICT based business services to local businesses. This included services for financial accounting, graphics and advertising, web publishing, online marketing, networking suppliers, e commerce and staff training as well as creating linkages across the Telecentre network.
Research- Project E3 collaborated with researches of Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV) in Stockholm University to build capacity of research in the economic development activities done in Telecentres Uva Province. ICT was used extensively in this collaborative research for data collection, recording of interviews and joint papers were published in international ICT conferences which helped drawing attention on Telecentre role in rural economic development an obtaining additional funding. Target groups and impact:
Children – The e learning system and educational content deployed in Telecentres helped children to improve education. Project E3 partnering with Award winning project ShilpaSayura (www. shilpasayura. org) introduced e learning to rural communities in Uva province. The local language ICT training content helped increasing ICT literacy of rural children using Telecentres as well as improved the economy of Telecentres. As example poverty affected children in Bibile ware able to pass national examination’s ICT subject studying at Madagama Telecentre.
Another service introduced to children was to communicate with their parents employed abroad with Skype video conferencing. Youth – Project E3 trained young Telecentre operators in advanced ICT covering online communications, web designing, programming and business disciplines covering e business, business planning and project management which increased their revenue and employment through Telecentres. The trained youth involved in local economic development activities to create benefits to their village communities.
Project E3 helped youth to setup local business and improve their economy. The project planning training helped 12 youth to develop ICT based education and economic development projects which won grants totaling over USD 60000 from ICTA e-SDI program. Project E3 helped creating a youth leadership network for rural economic development of Uva province for knowledge and resource sharing for economic development. An example is Murali Krishna, a youth developed by Project E3, who won a grant for implementing an ICT project for cultural integration.
The project won e –India 2010 award. Project E3 employment and internship opportunities helped many rural youth to get trained in ICT and become employed through Telecentres. http://www. srilankajobs. net/ has created many opportunities to rural youth for employment. Women- The project E3 women empowerment activities involved training them in ICT. Special programs for computer hardware and maintenance helped them to increase revenue from such services as well as save money for outsourcing such services to Telecentres.
The business management training helped women to manage Telecentres better and improve their employment, education and economic conditions. As an example Yapa Chandralatha, Telecentre operators developed as a Telecentre leader to setup her own ICT business partnering with other Telecentre operators. The sustainable agriculture e learning program helped women involved in rural agriculture to improve their productivity, learned to save environment and achieve economic progress through new knowledge delivered through ICT.
The linkages created by Project E3 with Gamidiriya Foundation helped micro credit programs for rural women. The best example comes from Ballagolla Telecentre lead by a rural women community based organization. It had been closed by the time project E3 was initiated. Project E3 made the Telecentre operate again become a great value to the women society who used it for micro credit management services and obtaining ICT services for micro business and marketing services for women products. The handcraft sales portal http://www. handicraftlk. om has helped women hand craft makers to sell their products online through Telecentres. The economic development by project E3 helped creating new opportunities in learning and engaging in businesses. Foreign employed women were able communicate with their children and family through Telecentres using video conferencing. It helped improving family relationships as well as created economic opportunities for Telecentres. The ICT training material produced by project E3 helped women to become trained in online communications before they go for foreign employment as well as learn foreign languages using online resources.
Men – Project E3 business planning services delivered through Telecentres helped improving business for local businesses run by men. The business development activities helped them to obtain capital finances. As an example Sampath Eranda from Kandiyapitawewa, was able to open ICT based business service centers in three locations. The localization of cybercash open source software helped introducing better financial management using ICT for the members of the Chamber of Commerce, Badulla district. Many business and services opportunity linkages created by Telecentres involved in project E3 elped improving profitability of local businesses. The sustainable agriculture initiative helped training of young farmers to make them agriculture entrepreneurs and linkages created by the initiative secured them outgrowing business opportunities with agri-business companies. The ICT training provided to men increased their revenue from ICT services delivered to their communities. Seniors – In uva province many seniors are involved in agriculture. However they lacked knowledge of modern agriculture and agriculture business.
Project E3 conducted 48 community awareness sessions in villages to introduce better farming and commodity sales practices that could be learned through ICT. This helped seniors to become aware and use Telecentres learning services. As they were reluctant to use ICTs, Multimedia Projector and digital content based presentations helped them to be included in knowledge economy. Project E3 also helped delivering health information to seniors using digital content. Skype video conferencing services helped them to be linked with distant relatives.
A special Telecentre free service provided to access free government information (www. gic. lk) on a toll free phone and SMS services helped seniors to access vital information on pensions, government services, crop prices etc. The online publishing service of Project E3, published issues in rural communities and brought the issues to the relevant public officials. Disabled -Project E3 created ICT training and economic opportunities for disabled. As an example a disable girl in Badulla was provided a BPO opportunity to make revenue for typing services for E3 through Badulla Telecentre.
Another disabled Telecentre operator introduced a successful BPO scheme for disabled using ICTs. E3 initiated ICT training programs for disabled to increase their employment and inclusion in the modern society. Project E3 building economic development capacity of Telecentres, transformed the Uva Telecentre network to an economic development network using the power of ICT, providing knowledge, opportunities, linkages, networking, marketing and advocacy services to increase economic impact in rural children, youth, women, men, seniors as well as for disabled.
The impact was resulted from efficient use of ICT introduced by Project E3. The knowledge, tools, processes, and business linkages enabled by project E3 created multi level impact for empowerment of women, youth, children, farmers seniors and disabled communities. The sustainable business networks and multi stake holder partnerships created by ICT made this possible. As measured in Monitoring and Evaluation and Research the overall sustainability of Uva Telecentres increased from 28% to 58% during first 12 months and further increased to 86% percent at the end of phase.
Related research papers can be found at http://www. shilpasayura. org/papers In overall ICT played a major role in the success of the project opening up new possibilities of rural economic development, increasing collaboration, improving communications, strengthened partnerships, increasing transparency, saving costs for delivering resulting economic benefits to rural communities efficiently and faster. The savings of travel and less use of paper helped saving environment and less carbon emission to the environment.
With the help of ICT best business and knowledge sources were linked to rural communities. This helped empowering of rural women, youth and farmers. ICT not only helped in successful implementation of the project E3 economic development process, it also helped sustaining the development, up scaling and replication of the achieved success. The Project E3 introduced use of ICT as a strategic tool in rural economic development. ICT was used in the project in all areas of development and also an innovative research to find how ICT can help making economic development more effective and efficient.
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