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Political And Social Issues In Africa

Globalization, income, family size, and urbanization have influenced African political and social issues. These are the reason why these social and political problems are being experienced. Globalization triggers political and social issues due to the emergence of differences in people’s thinking, problem-solving techniques, and conceptualization, which occurs when individuals of different social, religious, economic, and political backgrounds interact (Steinberg, 2014). Africa’s low incomes, minimal development, and large families have pressured African countries to experience an economic and environmental burden that has led to political and social issues.

To cab globalization triggered political and social issues, African countries are working towards ensuring that significant cities have improved infrastructure and technology. Improving African cities’ infrastructure and technology opens grounds for a globalized economy (Steinberg, 2014). In addition, African societies are advocating high levels of community involvement and social interaction to become a consumer society rather than holding heritage and cultural values.

To control the cultural and social issues affecting African societies, people need to learn to accept people from different ethnicities (Steinberg, 2014). Change is inevitable; thus, Africans must embrace and respect one another despite their differences. Moreover, there should be open warfare where people commit themselves to the betterment of the whole country.

The effect of family size and population on an economy cannot be understated. Large families can become a tragedy to a country’s economy due to the commitment and resources required to nurture the children (Steinberg, 2014). Commonly, women look after children leaving them with limited time to get an education and work. Children constitute the most considerable population fraction; hence, investment is limited since a massive amount of income earned is consumed while catering to the children. Due to the high population, numerous people are also seeking employment. However, most end up unemployed since economic opportunities in the market are limited.

Both the world’s richest and poorest countries have governorship officials and power over territories. On the other hand, the gap between these countries is enormous. Rich countries are industrious, financially robust, have stable education systems, a wide range of economic opportunities, political stability, and effective governments (Steinberg, 2014). In contrast, developing countries do not possess these tremendous traits. Developing countries are characterized mainly by low wages, little power, political instability, agriculture, forestry, mining, and brain drain (Steinberg, 2014).

Brain drain refers to losing professional or educated people (Steinberg, 2014). Brain drain is a challenge developing countries face when their skilled citizens migrate to another country. The need for advantageous employment often drives these individuals. Brain drain may also occur when scholars enroll in colleges in rich countries and fail to return to their native countries (Steinberg, 2014). These individuals move to rich countries with advanced technology, ideas, wealth, and opportunities.

Mitigating brain drain is fundamental for a country’s development. However, in the 21st century, controlling the brain drain is quite problematic, considering that people know their rights. Nonetheless, the government should develop policies that discourage migration depending on clearly stated parameters. Alternatively, the government should prioritize investing its resources in creating economic opportunities to sustain the country’s job demand.


Steinberg, S. (2014). Understanding Social Problems

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