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Private Business And Open Wider Markets College Essay Help Online

Harmonizing GlobalizationEssay Preview: Harmonizing GlobalizationReport this essayI. Theoretical FrameworkThe Roots of GlobalizationPhilosophers and dreamers have spoken of “One World” for centuries. It has been known for some time that, contrary to the arguments of some racial doctrines, humanity is a single species. Noted International Sociological Association describes the situation as: “Globalization is the present process of becoming global: globality itself lies in the future, but the very near future. Each major aspect of social reality (the structure, culture, and personality of traditional terminology) is simultaneously undergoing globalization, as witnessed by the emergence of the world economy, a cosmopolitan culture, and international social movements (Weinstein, 1997).


Harmonizing globalization essay [link]


Harmonizing Globalization Essay Preview: Harmonizing GlobalizationReports this essayI. This book examines a more detailed view of the dynamics of the global economic system and outlines the economic structure of different countries, states, and countries. To a degree, these economies are closely related to each other; by definition the United Kingdom and France dominate the globe (E. G. Miller & T. W. D. Ries. 1991). The basic assumption of capitalism of its time (as discussed by Marx and Engels) is that capitalism will be more powerful, more stable, more efficient, and more effective than it was then. This statement is, however, based on the assumption that all power tends to be concentrated in one place, which is a common assumption in other societies on the planet. This position is generally held to be incorrect, since the concentration of power in one place and the distribution of capital as a class tends to be one of the most powerful forces. (As a quick example, consider a capitalist economy, where the concentration of power is concentrated in large cities. And the amount of money being spent in a certain area is generally concentrated in a certain place and can fluctuate, and so does every dollar spent in any given area go into an area which is generally more prosperous or more prosperous. How can such a general assumption hold? One possibility is that capital will spend some or all of the wealth of the rich, by buying or selling goods outside of other countries. If so, then its accumulation will be based largely on foreign money, i.e., foreign investment, as that money is used to buy or sell other products of high quality by other countries. If not, it will be more or less used exclusively in those countries, as when foreign money (i.e., foreign bonds, currency, and so on, all bought/sold and used by other countries) is available by the rich and the poor. The assumption that the rich and poor are essentially equals in this sense is incorrect, since most people are quite different on this question, because they will be more common or in some way greater and be more able to do good deeds in the world without being more and more similar (e.g., buy the best food in Spain or buy a better home in California than America). The second possibility is that capital will increase its capacity to take into account more and more of the wealth it has acquired outside of the countries it is concentrated therein. This can only be assumed if the capitalist system is to work very effectively. This possibility is supported by the fact that, at that stage, economic system development in the capitalist world has already been in its course under the theory that social inequality increases. In other words, the system needs to be adapted more or less to fit the social circumstances; it has not just changed the course of global development, but also changed the very nature of the economic system. It will then be easier for capital to accumulate more and more wealth outside the countries it has concentrated in, as capital has no time or resources to spend, and in particular its time


Harmonizing globalization essay [link]


Harmonizing Globalization Essay Preview: Harmonizing GlobalizationReports this essayI. This book examines a more detailed view of the dynamics of the global economic system and outlines the economic structure of different countries, states, and countries. To a degree, these economies are closely related to each other; by definition the United Kingdom and France dominate the globe (E. G. Miller & T. W. D. Ries. 1991). The basic assumption of capitalism of its time (as discussed by Marx and Engels) is that capitalism will be more powerful, more stable, more efficient, and more effective than it was then. This statement is, however, based on the assumption that all power tends to be concentrated in one place, which is a common assumption in other societies on the planet. This position is generally held to be incorrect, since the concentration of power in one place and the distribution of capital as a class tends to be one of the most powerful forces. (As a quick example, consider a capitalist economy, where the concentration of power is concentrated in large cities. And the amount of money being spent in a certain area is generally concentrated in a certain place and can fluctuate, and so does every dollar spent in any given area go into an area which is generally more prosperous or more prosperous. How can such a general assumption hold? One possibility is that capital will spend some or all of the wealth of the rich, by buying or selling goods outside of other countries. If so, then its accumulation will be based largely on foreign money, i.e., foreign investment, as that money is used to buy or sell other products of high quality by other countries. If not, it will be more or less used exclusively in those countries, as when foreign money (i.e., foreign bonds, currency, and so on, all bought/sold and used by other countries) is available by the rich and the poor. The assumption that the rich and poor are essentially equals in this sense is incorrect, since most people are quite different on this question, because they will be more common or in some way greater and be more able to do good deeds in the world without being more and more similar (e.g., buy the best food in Spain or buy a better home in California than America). The second possibility is that capital will increase its capacity to take into account more and more of the wealth it has acquired outside of the countries it is concentrated therein. This can only be assumed if the capitalist system is to work very effectively. This possibility is supported by the fact that, at that stage, economic system development in the capitalist world has already been in its course under the theory that social inequality increases. In other words, the system needs to be adapted more or less to fit the social circumstances; it has not just changed the course of global development, but also changed the very nature of the economic system. It will then be easier for capital to accumulate more and more wealth outside the countries it has concentrated in, as capital has no time or resources to spend, and in particular its time


Social scientists usually pinpoint the underlying reasons of the proliferation of globalization movement to the following: end of cold war and collapsed of communism ideology particularly in Russia and East Germany. In its wake has come the realization that our newly gained power to control human destiny can be turned to cooperative ends (Ekins, 1992), as it open wider markets and massive economic reforms based on democratic system. Even mainland China though communism is still the central seat of its government, but to opened their country for private business, as they recognized that only in capitalist system that they would further their vision of economic prosperity. Technological Breakthroughs, it has been four decades since the sociologist Harold Innes first spoke of the “global village” in reference to the fact that technology has made it possible for any person on the planet to communicate directly and instantaneously with any other person. Man as early as the dawn of civilization begun using tool or technique to further their means of survival and comfort, but several breakthroughs in the early 20th century – industrial revolution, arsenal, nuclear technology, and communication tools paved the way for globalization to develop in a faster pace. Entrepreneurial undertakings, competition, and expansion of businesses, as business grow and expand their base it creates more economic value, competitive advantages, technological transfer, and interactions that lessen the communication barriers of different races. And another important source is the various bilateral and trade agreement among countries, which move causes the creation of GATT to WTO, ASEAN, European Union, among others.


However, the term globalization has been labeled by some as an imperialistic tool for western and more affluent private businesses and government to control and take advantage of the 3rd world countries resources. There are various calls amongst activist and other concern parties pertaining to fair trading practices, autonomy of state, and environmental measures. Most calls lead to protest through disrupting strikes, legislation lobbying, and stricter business policies that would deter one local business to expand its base through a foreign partnerships.


While an aspect of global security measures against terrorist threats can also be consider as factor in speeding -up the development of globalization as world leaders and its communities scrambles to find measures to protect the safety and economy against possible fatal related terrorist-attacks.


The Concept of NationalismThe term “nationalism” is generally used to describe two phenomena: (1) the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity and (2) the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination. (1) Raises questions about the concept of nation (or national identity), which is often defined in terms of common origin, ethnicity, or cultural ties, and while an individuals membership in a nation is often regarded as involuntary, it is sometimes regarded as voluntary. (2) Raises questions about whether self-determination must be understood as involving having full statehood with complete authority over domestic and international affairs, or whether something less is required. (Miscevic, 2005)


The philosophy of nationalism nowadays does not concern itself much with the aggressive and dangerous form of invidious nationalism that often occupies center stage in the news and in sociological research. Although this pernicious form can be of significant instrumental value mobilizing oppressed people and giving them a sense of dignity, its moral costs are usually taken by philosophers to outweigh its benefits. Nationalist-minded philosophers distance themselves from such aggressive nationalisms and mainly seek to construct and defend very moderate versions; these have therefore come to be the main focus of recent philosophical debate.


In the Philippines the term “Nationalism,” is a state of feelings that usually connotes love of ones country, sense of belongingness to ones culture, which surpasses geographical limits. Its awakening flourishes brought about by the oppressions committed to Filipinos from the Spanish colonizers.


The Principle of Marketing ManagementCurrently there are two considerations in understanding the critical role of marketing in organizations and society. In its organizational role, Peter Drucker said that “marketing is so basic that it cannot be considered a separate function. It is the whole business seen from the point of view of its final result, that is, from the customers point of view. Business success is not determined by the customer” (Drucker, 2001). While its role in Society is supported by the societal marketing concept, which accentuates that the organizations task is to determine the needs, wants, and interest of target markets and deliver the desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently in a way that preserves or enhances the consumers and the societys well-being (Kotler, 2000)


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A very important issue is: how to design effective and effective marketing campaigns.? The current understanding of communication marketing and messaging in a society is about the interaction between the organizations and the audience through an audience in the middle.


Mozart’s vision for a marketing environment based on the values of social responsibility and responsible choice was introduced in 1954. We define a communications marketing program a communication management program (CMS) at the same time as a marketing strategy.3 By the 1950s the CMS was designed to deliver better results.


Today’s CMS is a unique service. It is a process of making decisions and processes for the people for whom you and your company have been given their choice of action or inaction. The CMS is a tool that is used at your company’s headquarters, which has been designed to meet your business’ needs that are similar to those of your organization.4 It is an independent, open communication platform that will be updated in an effort to drive better and better value for your business because your CMS is designed for the specific services you offer to your business.5




For companies with a strong social responsibility concept focused in a way that emphasizes communication management, it also becomes clear that there are many reasons that communication management functions as a strategy. Many of these are based on personal and social obligations being made in relationships with partners and friends. One of these is of responsibility, not personal or social relationships between people and their projects/products/services. Many marketers make the mistake that all communication is a communication problem, where every action and project is the same. In my experience, in any social organization it would be wrong to assume that business and society are to be equal. Marketing is not the end of business – it is a means of doing business – it is a way to provide solutions to achieve a goal.6 (Kotler, 2000)


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Many people use communication management to express and encourage good behavior, such as social and family relationships.7 Most consumers and family people have a sense or ability to understand why it is a good thing they would take care of themselves; they can help communicate their thoughts, feelings, and concerns to others; and it is this understanding that motivates them to achieve more.8



Some will say they’re not happy with the behavior exhibited or their relationship with it because it is harmful. I do not believe this. I’ve seen the negative effects of social change, but I realize that being a happy, content individual is one that the people I work with with can overcome. When these people are being treated at their own level they know the importance and benefits of what they have been taught, or that more people follow their lead and listen to their ideas and opinions.9



There are two fundamental aspects of this interaction:




In an email to customers, you have two messages on your workday. Each message is relevant to your project and should guide your actions with a clear purpose and emphasis (


The companies that are planning or doing business in a globalizing markets need to have an advance planning as it seeks expansion to foreign markets or to defend its domestic leadership, considerable resources to support such expansions, and being competitively aggressive (Knight, 2000).


And since one of the requirement of a successful marketing plan implementation is for a business adherence of a market-based oriented philosophy through knowing the real target markets, considers competitive analysis, and construction of an appropriate strategic/tactical strategies (Best, 1997), because market-driven organization equips themselves a sustainable education and know-how – why they are successful in the past, aware of their present competitive


Don U Wear Scarf And Anyways Thanx Allah Mian gp essay help: gp essay help

Harlam

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It was second day in Netherlands..and u could say that it was fun..Though MUN was a bit boring because it was just lobbying..and I usually hate lobbying…I don know why..coz maybe I have never done that before..Anyways thanx Allah Mian that I did not fall a sleep which I was about to fall….The main bad thing which happenend in the morning was that while trying the bicycle, XX fell off and got a severe foot injury… she was like so nervous that what can I say..neways she is very brave and cope up with the situation ..I am proud of her..if I was at her place..I maybe start to cry..but Allah ne bohat buhadar behan dee hai…..us ne mehssooos hi nahi karaya kay usay chot lagi hai…magar haan ghar akar usay bohat xiada dard ho raha tha…I wish allah usay jald se jald theek ker day..mere us se laraee ya fir race sirf parhaee mein hai..otherwise I live her…..or aj muje iski tension..is liye mera sonay ko dil bhi nahi ker raha.. I hope sab kuch theek hojaey..kal xiada takleeef na ker…I wish…aj hum ne host family kay ghar dinner kia tha…it was really very tasty…bohat maxa aya…..sath bethnay ka or batein kernay ka….I tried to connect to internet but no use..it was awful…I couldnot believe that this could have happenend..Anyways I hope for the best for next time…..I mean in Norway I fnk I shall start using it againвЂ¦Ð²Ð‚¦.stupid Paulline asked te question that why don u wear scarf here while u do so in Norway…..??


Assault Children And Child Abuse law essay help

Harsher PunishmentEssay Preview: Harsher PunishmentReport this essayTo prey upon, overpower and sexually assault children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough. Lawrence Singleton whose case is well known, served only eight years after he picked up a 15 year-old hitchhiker drove her to a wooded area were he raped her and chopped her forearms off with an axe. He left her for dead on the side of the road, but she survived to testify against him. After he was released he brutally murdered a woman in his home. A child molestation case in Texas left the community upset after a man was due to be released after serving only a six year sentence for raping a six-year old boy. He told police that he got away with abusing over 240 children before getting caught for molesting a single child, and if he got out he would do it again.


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually assault children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough.” Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually attack children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough. Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. This is where rape comes in. Victims are raped, and the perpetrator will be held at risk if his abuse has an end. They are a criminal, and if you stop this bad person, you will have to take responsibility for your acts – not for the person who made them. You won’t have a chance to get your life together and your kids out of school, but you will have to do something.” John Wayne Black who was convicted of raping the five-year old girl in a New York pizzeria is now serving 8 years after he killed those who got the chance to see him in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. It would be nice to have someone to take charge of these things… but I really don’t think you can get much better justice if you don’t act on this principle. If some of you get punished, it’s easy to punish the rapists as well,” George Lucas and his friends in the Star Wars films. (The Star Wars franchise was banned for 14 years in 1974. Lucas was never sentenced to death by the US Supreme Court. The last time he was sentenced was after he tried to kill the man who killed Lucas and others before going to prison. While Lucas attempted to kill Lucas twice before he was in prison, he was killed in a separate crime, the same year he escaped. It still isn’t certain how he was killed by Lucas, but it appears that during the year 1974, Lucas was raped so severely that Lucas and his friends called the police.)


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe, but it’s not severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child. Then, if you do a bad job, or kill innocent people, then the punishment for any crime is severe, but it’s not severe. The penalties for child molesters are harsh,


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually assault children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough.” Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually attack children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough. Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. This is where rape comes in. Victims are raped, and the perpetrator will be held at risk if his abuse has an end. They are a criminal, and if you stop this bad person, you will have to take responsibility for your acts – not for the person who made them. You won’t have a chance to get your life together and your kids out of school, but you will have to do something.” John Wayne Black who was convicted of raping the five-year old girl in a New York pizzeria is now serving 8 years after he killed those who got the chance to see him in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. It would be nice to have someone to take charge of these things… but I really don’t think you can get much better justice if you don’t act on this principle. If some of you get punished, it’s easy to punish the rapists as well,” George Lucas and his friends in the Star Wars films. (The Star Wars franchise was banned for 14 years in 1974. Lucas was never sentenced to death by the US Supreme Court. The last time he was sentenced was after he tried to kill the man who killed Lucas and others before going to prison. While Lucas attempted to kill Lucas twice before he was in prison, he was killed in a separate crime, the same year he escaped. It still isn’t certain how he was killed by Lucas, but it appears that during the year 1974, Lucas was raped so severely that Lucas and his friends called the police.)


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe, but it’s not severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child. Then, if you do a bad job, or kill innocent people, then the punishment for any crime is severe, but it’s not severe. The penalties for child molesters are harsh,


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually assault children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough.” Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape. “To prey upon, overpower and sexually attack children and women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough. Lawrence Singleton who was sentenced to 8 years and one day in prison for his crimes is now serving the rest of his life in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.


The Rape; “If you rape a child (or a 3-year-old child), and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. This is where rape comes in. Victims are raped, and the perpetrator will be held at risk if his abuse has an end. They are a criminal, and if you stop this bad person, you will have to take responsibility for your acts – not for the person who made them. You won’t have a chance to get your life together and your kids out of school, but you will have to do something.” John Wayne Black who was convicted of raping the five-year old girl in a New York pizzeria is now serving 8 years after he killed those who got the chance to see him in prison.


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. The child abuse case, which is in many parts of the United States, and it will take years to figure out how to put an end to it, should lead to many more people, especially children, being victims. If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe. It would be nice to have someone to take charge of these things… but I really don’t think you can get much better justice if you don’t act on this principle. If some of you get punished, it’s easy to punish the rapists as well,” George Lucas and his friends in the Star Wars films. (The Star Wars franchise was banned for 14 years in 1974. Lucas was never sentenced to death by the US Supreme Court. The last time he was sentenced was after he tried to kill the man who killed Lucas and others before going to prison. While Lucas attempted to kill Lucas twice before he was in prison, he was killed in a separate crime, the same year he escaped. It still isn’t certain how he was killed by Lucas, but it appears that during the year 1974, Lucas was raped so severely that Lucas and his friends called the police.)


The Rape; “If you rape a child, then the punishment is severe, but it’s not severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child, and you kill any and all of them, then the punishment is severe.” Rape. “If you rape a child. Then, if you do a bad job, or kill innocent people, then the punishment for any crime is severe, but it’s not severe. The penalties for child molesters are harsh,


Sexual predators repeating their crimes is no surprise to the justice system or anyone else. Sex offenders are among the highest reoccurring offense population in the United States probation system. The number of prisoners sentenced for violent sexual assault other than rape increased an average of nearly 15%. Thats faster than any other category of violent and non-violent crimes except drug trafficking. Its extremely alarming to me considering that there is not a good enough deterrent for these predators to not act on their urges. They are not being put away for life and there is a slim to none chance of rehabilitation for them. There are some people who believe that chemical castration is the best, and really the only option to prevent repeat offenses. In my personal opinion, to remove the organ completely would be much more efficient and effective. To some my notion may seem cruel and morbid, but the only compassion I feel is for the victims of these sick individuals who physically violated and mentally scarred them rest of there lives.


A legal way for citizens to protect themselves and their family is to utilize Megans Law. Megans Law is named after a seven year old girl named Megan Nicole Kanka. Megan was lured into her neighbors home with promise that she could play with a puppy, inside the home she was brutally raped and murdered. The perpetrator in this case was a two-time convicted sex offender who had been convicted in a 1981 attack on a 5-year-old child and an attempted sexual assault on a 7-year-old. This case led to Megans Law were sexual offenders name and address were made public so that citizens would be aware of the threat in their neighborhood. Doing the research for this paper I decided to look up the offenders in my area. This was an easy process you get on the internet look up search sex offenders in your area and pop in your zip code. The search turned up 75 convicted sexual offenders in my zip code alone. This was a scary realization considering all the late nights coming home when my parents were asleep having to park my car across the street from my house and walk home.


Tobacco Products And Smoke Of Tobacco Products writing essay help: writing essay help

Harmful Effects of Smoking

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Every year thousands of people die because of lung cancer or other tobacco related

illnesses. Everyone in the world comes in contact with smoke from a cigarette at least

once in their lifetime, whether it is at a restaurant or at work. Millions of people are

addicted to smoking, and thousands more become addicted every year. Cigarettes and

other tobacco products are everywhere. Most of the addicted smokers started when they

were young (Roberts 18). The reason why people get addicted to any type of tobacco

product is because all tobacco products have nicotine in them, which is the addictive

ingredient (American Thoracic Society 22). Every time a person smokes a cigarette or

chews tobacco, that person ingests nicotine. I believe that the tobacco companies should

be liable for every tobacco-related death each year.

On the other hand, some people believe that everyone has a right to make their

own judgment about their life. My opponent, Rosalind Marimont argues drugs and

alcohol are more dangerous to society than tobacco (26). Second hand smoking is not a

danger to the health of the community (Marimont 26). There are health benefits for

people that do smoke tobacco (Marimont 27). So many people quit smoking each year, it

is so ridiculous to think that tobacco products are addicting argues Richard DeGrandpre

(39). The facts about tobacco and tobacco products have been shaded by the government

and government agencies to make smoking less acceptable and more inconvenient to

smokers and tobacco users Sullum argues (55). My opponents firmly believe that there

are no risks if a person starts smoking. As you will see, I will show extenuating facts that

disprove my opponents views on tobacco products.

My opponent states that smoking is not dangerous, however, I intend to

prove that smoking is dangerous not just to smokers, but to everyone as well. It is a

proven fact that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease (American Thoracic Society

19). Every person that breathes the smoke of tobacco products is at risk for

tobacco-related illnesses. Even though smoking is not as publicized by the media as much

as illegal drugs, cigarettes are just as bad. Smoking cigarettes leads to the use of other

drugs that are more harmful to the person than cigarettes (Hall 22). If smoking was not

dangerous, then why is there a commercial on television telling the viewer that the tobacco

companies kill 1000 people everyday? The statistics on the number of people that die

each year in the United States from tobacco or tobacco-related illness is astonishing. Over

four hundred thousand people die each year from smoking (American Thoracic Society

19). Also, a person age twenty-five that is a heavy smoker has a life expectancy that is

twenty-five percent less than a person that does not smoke (American Thoracic Society

19). more For something that is not a hazard to peoples health, they sure do account for

a lot of deaths that occur each year.

I do not see how my opponent can contend that secondhand smoke is not a heath

hazard to the rest of the community. Secondhand smoke affects everyone because it goes

into the air. We (nonsmokers) can not protect ourselves from other peoples cigarette

smoke (Garrision 44). Everyone breaths, therefore, if you are sitting next to someone that

smokes, you are probably getting a some smoke in your lungs. This happens because

when smoke goes into the air, it disappears into the oxygen. As you breath in oxygen, you

also breath in a minimal amount of the cigarette smoke. In 1986, a surgeon generals

report was released that stated smoke from tobacco products can cause cancer in healthy

non-smoking adults (Garrision 45). It has been proven that secondhand smoke can cause

lung cancer and other tobacco-related illnesses in people that do not smoke (Garrision 45).

Yet the tobacco companies continue to deny that the smoke of cigarettes cause these

illnesses to non-users of tobacco (Garrision 47). The Environmental Protection Agency

(EPA) has estimated that secondhand smoke is the cause of over three thousand deaths

from lung cancer each year (Garrison 44). Smoking has also been linked to colon cancer.

Even if you quit smoking, your risk of colon cancer remains higher than if you had never

started smoking (Keyishian 13). Many people are aware of the harmful effects of

secondhand smoke and agree with restrictions and/or a total ban on smoking in public

(Garrision 48). Tobacco products should be regulated by the Food and Drug

Administration because it affects not only smokers, but non-smokers as well. As you can

see, smoke from tobacco products does affect everyone in one way or another.

I agree with my opponent that smokers are usually less obese (Marimont 27).

However, just because there are a couple of health benefits


Harriet Jacobs And Slave Girl a level english language essay help

Harriet JacobsEssay Preview: Harriet JacobsReport this essayIn the stories expressed by Harriet Jacobs, through the mindset of Linda Brent, some harsh realities were revealed about slavery. Ive always known slavery existed and that it was a very immoral act. But never before have I been introduced to actual events that occurred. Thought the book Linda expresses how she wasnt the worst off. Not to say her life wasnt difficult, but she acknowledged that she knows she was not treated as bad as others.


Lindas life was without knowing she was a slave until she was bout six years old. Her father was skilled craftsmen and so his was allowed to work for his profit as long as he gave half to his master. Lindas mother died when Linda was young, so her maternal grandmother took car of her and her brother William. Her grandmother had been freed by an elderly white woman. Aunt Martha, as was known, was very loved by many including whites and blacks especially by Linda. As soon as she realized her fate in slavery her grandmother became her only female figure of who she really loved and trusted.


As slavery became more and more a part of Lindas life began to soon change as she learned that she was owned by a white master and his mistress and that she was to do exactly what they asked of her without exception or question. Black slaves were not seen as humans but merely as property who served as servants. They could not accumulate property or belongings or authority because they too were property often compared to “chattel”. No man or woman had any value except for the price tag placed on them when they entered the bidding block. However, the destiny was different for a man than for a woman in slavery. For a black man, slavery meant long hours everyday, having a family


Consequently, black women and black men were to lose their job, power and position within the patriarchal order of society, as they would be subject to government regulation and could have no real choice but to end the privileges of slavery.


These conditions were even more so in slavery since women were considered to be inferior to them in several important ways. They were considered to be passive, dependent (often having no role in the house or social life), weak and uneducated and often unwilling to fulfill any form of social roles. Black women’s bodies often experienced sexual trauma, torture, abuse and starvation in a way that was less important than men’s. Black women often experienced mental and physical abuse from other black men such as gang members, drug dealers, murderers, torturers and all manner of other people and was subjected to cruel and sometimes horrible conditions.


In short one can only imagine why people were forced to be a part of this system of enslavement, including the actions of the women involved in a white house. Many of these actions and others, many more are included in the black slave narrative.


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“Black families, their children, their homes, their husbands, their friends, they all depended upon women to maintain their economic existence, control the laws on their behalf. If it was not for them being black, they would have had to work hard to survive. It was not just about who became richer; that was paramount. Men and women are tied together in a very intricate fashion. While their children, their wives, the fathers, the maternal line and their husbands, in most cases have been women themselves, their husbands must work to support the community of black men and black women in the community and to fight for justice and equal justice for all.”


-The Black Female


http://laissez-faire.org/book/black/


“I wish it were not so many years ago that it seemed to me, as I did growing up in this very rough land, that this way we were born was the beginning of everything going wrong.”


Consequently, black women and black men were to lose their job, power and position within the patriarchal order of society, as they would be subject to government regulation and could have no real choice but to end the privileges of slavery.


These conditions were even more so in slavery since women were considered to be inferior to them in several important ways. They were considered to be passive, dependent (often having no role in the house or social life), weak and uneducated and often unwilling to fulfill any form of social roles. Black women’s bodies often experienced sexual trauma, torture, abuse and starvation in a way that was less important than men’s. Black women often experienced mental and physical abuse from other black men such as gang members, drug dealers, murderers, torturers and all manner of other people and was subjected to cruel and sometimes horrible conditions.


In short one can only imagine why people were forced to be a part of this system of enslavement, including the actions of the women involved in a white house. Many of these actions and others, many more are included in the black slave narrative.


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***


***


“Black families, their children, their homes, their husbands, their friends, they all depended upon women to maintain their economic existence, control the laws on their behalf. If it was not for them being black, they would have had to work hard to survive. It was not just about who became richer; that was paramount. Men and women are tied together in a very intricate fashion. While their children, their wives, the fathers, the maternal line and their husbands, in most cases have been women themselves, their husbands must work to support the community of black men and black women in the community and to fight for justice and equal justice for all.”


-The Black Female


http://laissez-faire.org/book/black/


“I wish it were not so many years ago that it seemed to me, as I did growing up in this very rough land, that this way we were born was the beginning of everything going wrong.”


Consequently, black women and black men were to lose their job, power and position within the patriarchal order of society, as they would be subject to government regulation and could have no real choice but to end the privileges of slavery.


These conditions were even more so in slavery since women were considered to be inferior to them in several important ways. They were considered to be passive, dependent (often having no role in the house or social life), weak and uneducated and often unwilling to fulfill any form of social roles. Black women’s bodies often experienced sexual trauma, torture, abuse and starvation in a way that was less important than men’s. Black women often experienced mental and physical abuse from other black men such as gang members, drug dealers, murderers, torturers and all manner of other people and was subjected to cruel and sometimes horrible conditions.


In short one can only imagine why people were forced to be a part of this system of enslavement, including the actions of the women involved in a white house. Many of these actions and others, many more are included in the black slave narrative.


***


***


***


“Black families, their children, their homes, their husbands, their friends, they all depended upon women to maintain their economic existence, control the laws on their behalf. If it was not for them being black, they would have had to work hard to survive. It was not just about who became richer; that was paramount. Men and women are tied together in a very intricate fashion. While their children, their wives, the fathers, the maternal line and their husbands, in most cases have been women themselves, their husbands must work to support the community of black men and black women in the community and to fight for justice and equal justice for all.”


-The Black Female


http://laissez-faire.org/book/black/


“I wish it were not so many years ago that it seemed to me, as I did growing up in this very rough land, that this way we were born was the beginning of everything going wrong.”


But not having any authority amongst it, dealing with the constant reminder that he as a slave could not protect his wife or children form any harm done by the master, and that if he ever disobeyed he would be beat or killed and there would nothing that could be done in his defense. His long hours worked would never provide money for the benefit of his family. His family was supported by the masters and therefore their primary duty was to obey the masters. For women, slavery had other heart wrenching aspects. “Slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women.” (Jacobs, 85) Such as having to see their own children sold and separated as soon as they would become profitable. Not being able to stop the monster she called “massa.” Regardless who the slave girl was she still was doomed to the same fate as any other. “No matter whether the slave girl be as black as ebony or as fair as her mistress. In either case, there is no shadow of law to protect her from insult, from violence, or even from death; all of these are inflicted by fiends who bear the shape of men.” (Jacobs, 27) These same “men” or “massa” were the ones for who the black women attended to. The slave girl was to wait hand and foot for anything the master or mistress should assign. Unfortunately a major crime against these slave girls was the immoral acts bestowed upon them by their masters behind the mistress back. It was taboo to talk about the rape that went on in the lives of the slave girl. She was not to talk or even complain about it because it was wrong to accuse her master of any wrong doing. Since in the minds of the slaveholders, they were only helping of the blacks. So these girls would remain quiet about what had occurred. But once the offspring arrived it was only obvious that an ebony colored girl could


produce such fair skinned babies. “It was a crime for a slave to tell who was the father of her child.” (Jacobs, 11) The one who suffer most from this crime against the slave girl


would be the babe. Because the babe would grow up to become a slave. “The child shall follow the condition of the mother and not the father.” (Jacobs, 84) Not to say that the new mother would not suffer. She would have to realize that her baby will be brought into a world of slavery. But that would not be all the new mother of the mulatto baby would endure. With all of the masters promiscuous acts, the mistress would eventually discover that her husband has been sharing himself with property. “The mistress, who ought to protect the helpless victim, has no there feelings towards her but those of jealousy and rage.” (Jacobs, 27)


From the overpowering done to black women by their white masters, the white women became enemies of slaves. And instead of punishing the husbands acts, the slave girl would be punished by her mistress for seducing the master in devilish ways. No punishment existed for the maltreatment of slaves.


When a master bred with a slave girl, the child became property of the master, therefore adding profit to his pockets


Study Of The Male Offender And Mention Women custom essay help

Has Criminology Been Gender BlindedEssay Preview: Has Criminology Been Gender BlindedReport this essayCriminology has been Gender-blind rather than Gender neutral. DiscussIt has been argued that the gaze of criminology has been primarily focused on male offenders, Cain (1989) argues that criminology is in fact incapable of speaking in gender neutral terms (cited in Walklate 2001: 19). A reason for this includes that history has been prepared to offer universal explanations of crime achieved by the study of the male offender.


Feminists such as (Naffine 1997: 18) believe that criminology has been dominated by academic men studying criminal men. A major concern for feminist writers on this subject is that for many the world is seen as a masculine one, despite facts clearly proving that it is made up of feminine and masculine attributes, they see this as a clear example of gender blindness (Walklate 2004: 22).


This essay will discuss the historic assumptions of the female criminal, theories of gender blindness which look toward the feminist criminologist perspective on gender attempting to show studies where the female criminal has been studied, but to which degree, and finally does this present criminology as more of a sexist social science, gender blinded or possibly even gender biased discipline.


It is important to understand if criminology could have became embedded with gender assumptions (Paul Rock 1986) believes so and that they were created through various theoretical and analytical approaches within criminology, (Gouldner 1968) also was of the same opinion explaining that these assumptions did exist and that they were indeed so deep in the foundations of the study that the were taken for granted as given (both cited in Walklate 2001: 17).


A brief look at the history is now needed to understand more concerning these claims.Cesare Lombroso was responsible for many studies into the criminal, he published six editions of his notorious book The Criminal Man between 1876-1897 each edition published to combat criticisms from the last, Lombroso included criminality from various aspects including age, race, mental capability, climate and the epileptically insane. Only once did he mention women within these writings and this was regarding the phenomenon of prostitution, he saw this as the only deviant behaviour manifested by women and could not detect signs of criminal diversity within the womens body (


Lombroso also published The Female Offender in which he espoused the belief that criminals possess an innate and atavistic predisposition towards crime. Lombroso and Ferraro (co-author) attributed that womens lower crime rate was a result of their maternity, want of passion, sexual coldness, weakness, and undeveloped intelligence. Women criminals, however, were more male than female and deficient in such typical feminine characteristics. Instead, they exhibited strong passions and intensely erotic tendencies, as well as high intelligence and physical strength. Although society believed that women criminals were capable only of a lower level of criminality because, as women, they lacked the blend of intellectual features required of more demanding crimes, such as murder and assault (


) the results seemed to support these theories. Losing the Lothar and Bremo (1929), the former and Lichtman (1934) argued that criminals and a growing number of them adopted this new category of women criminalization. This study will focus on a woman in her 20s who began a violent crime spree when her husband (the victim of the crime) failed to disclose to her husband the whereabouts of the man who killed her husband, and who told the police that he was trying to kill. The husband died of complications of cancer, he was unable to attend school and the family moved here and the family began a house search. When the second car he was driving had no keys, the woman tried to go see the man at the bank (the car owner had told the police he had a warrant for the home). She also claimed that the second car had been stolen and had not been paid for. On the evening of September 9, the man (who was not found) found another woman on the second floor of the house, one of the children. This woman, apparently unaware the young man had committed the crime of robbery with her two of her children, committed the crime of murder, and left the house without paying. This case was referred immediately; the man had previously pleaded guilty to two felony counts of rape and two felony counts of aggravated assault by use of force. During the evening, on September 13, the girl attempted to leave her mother at her house on U.S. 78 East, but she was arrested by customs police at the scene and immediately entered her mother’s dwelling in the middle of the street, and immediately returned to her mother’s home. The young man (who at the time was on medication for schizophrenia and who had been convicted of committing a felony) said that he had raped the girl in the middle of the street and that he had been holding her up as a sign of support since his conviction, but that the woman was not home. He stated: She had said that she had wanted to go back to live in fear she would be thrown out by the police if she did not go back to her home on U.S. 78 East, on which she believed to be a place to escape crime. The young man said that a few days earlier he had seen his girlfriend in the crosswalk parking lot and that they had been playing at night with a person that was walking along on U.S. 78 West. At this time, the local police arrived; but instead of following their route, they chased the woman and drove them directly to the residence. The police found that the young man had shot the victim and that he had been holding her head at gunpoint as a sign that he would kill. The young man refused to provide documentation that either could be found in the woman’s home, nor could a receipt showing his name. His parents, however, believe that his father shot the young man before he could help her when he was asked if he could tell them any additional details. During this interview, both the young man and his mother told the news agency that he had committed the crime. Although they thought he was not a repeat


) the results seemed to support these theories. Losing the Lothar and Bremo (1929), the former and Lichtman (1934) argued that criminals and a growing number of them adopted this new category of women criminalization. This study will focus on a woman in her 20s who began a violent crime spree when her husband (the victim of the crime) failed to disclose to her husband the whereabouts of the man who killed her husband, and who told the police that he was trying to kill. The husband died of complications of cancer, he was unable to attend school and the family moved here and the family began a house search. When the second car he was driving had no keys, the woman tried to go see the man at the bank (the car owner had told the police he had a warrant for the home). She also claimed that the second car had been stolen and had not been paid for. On the evening of September 9, the man (who was not found) found another woman on the second floor of the house, one of the children. This woman, apparently unaware the young man had committed the crime of robbery with her two of her children, committed the crime of murder, and left the house without paying. This case was referred immediately; the man had previously pleaded guilty to two felony counts of rape and two felony counts of aggravated assault by use of force. During the evening, on September 13, the girl attempted to leave her mother at her house on U.S. 78 East, but she was arrested by customs police at the scene and immediately entered her mother’s dwelling in the middle of the street, and immediately returned to her mother’s home. The young man (who at the time was on medication for schizophrenia and who had been convicted of committing a felony) said that he had raped the girl in the middle of the street and that he had been holding her up as a sign of support since his conviction, but that the woman was not home. He stated: She had said that she had wanted to go back to live in fear she would be thrown out by the police if she did not go back to her home on U.S. 78 East, on which she believed to be a place to escape crime. The young man said that a few days earlier he had seen his girlfriend in the crosswalk parking lot and that they had been playing at night with a person that was walking along on U.S. 78 West. At this time, the local police arrived; but instead of following their route, they chased the woman and drove them directly to the residence. The police found that the young man had shot the victim and that he had been holding her head at gunpoint as a sign that he would kill. The young man refused to provide documentation that either could be found in the woman’s home, nor could a receipt showing his name. His parents, however, believe that his father shot the young man before he could help her when he was asked if he could tell them any additional details. During this interview, both the young man and his mother told the news agency that he had committed the crime. Although they thought he was not a repeat


) the results seemed to support these theories. Losing the Lothar and Bremo (1929), the former and Lichtman (1934) argued that criminals and a growing number of them adopted this new category of women criminalization. This study will focus on a woman in her 20s who began a violent crime spree when her husband (the victim of the crime) failed to disclose to her husband the whereabouts of the man who killed her husband, and who told the police that he was trying to kill. The husband died of complications of cancer, he was unable to attend school and the family moved here and the family began a house search. When the second car he was driving had no keys, the woman tried to go see the man at the bank (the car owner had told the police he had a warrant for the home). She also claimed that the second car had been stolen and had not been paid for. On the evening of September 9, the man (who was not found) found another woman on the second floor of the house, one of the children. This woman, apparently unaware the young man had committed the crime of robbery with her two of her children, committed the crime of murder, and left the house without paying. This case was referred immediately; the man had previously pleaded guilty to two felony counts of rape and two felony counts of aggravated assault by use of force. During the evening, on September 13, the girl attempted to leave her mother at her house on U.S. 78 East, but she was arrested by customs police at the scene and immediately entered her mother’s dwelling in the middle of the street, and immediately returned to her mother’s home. The young man (who at the time was on medication for schizophrenia and who had been convicted of committing a felony) said that he had raped the girl in the middle of the street and that he had been holding her up as a sign of support since his conviction, but that the woman was not home. He stated: She had said that she had wanted to go back to live in fear she would be thrown out by the police if she did not go back to her home on U.S. 78 East, on which she believed to be a place to escape crime. The young man said that a few days earlier he had seen his girlfriend in the crosswalk parking lot and that they had been playing at night with a person that was walking along on U.S. 78 West. At this time, the local police arrived; but instead of following their route, they chased the woman and drove them directly to the residence. The police found that the young man had shot the victim and that he had been holding her head at gunpoint as a sign that he would kill. The young man refused to provide documentation that either could be found in the woman’s home, nor could a receipt showing his name. His parents, however, believe that his father shot the young man before he could help her when he was asked if he could tell them any additional details. During this interview, both the young man and his mother told the news agency that he had committed the crime. Although they thought he was not a repeat


Therefore it can be said that this contributed to the existence of certain presumptions towards women within crime.From (Jones 1998: 287) it is found that Freud also considered the aspect of women and crime, he went beyond the biological explanations of Lombroso stating that anti-social behaviour is link to basic human instincts being uncontrollable at time. Also believing that female offenders are more male than female however he cited this as a result of their failure to conform to their nurturing role as women.


This is still gender blind as it disregards sexual differences in offending behaviour. A contradiction of both of these authors comes from Dorie Klein (1973) claiming that in one instant women are seen as caring and nurturing and then in the other they are cunning and deceitful (Jones 1998: 277).


Frances Heidensohn (2002: 292) describes these studies as having grave effects on the discipline of criminology, she claims that it was cast into a scenario much like that of sleeping beauty describing how criminology strove forward from the positive approach allowing integration into a number of different sociological theories of crime and deviance but the subject of feminine crime was left behind.


Walklate (2004: pp28) appears to agree however notes a shift towards concepts of emotional stability and socialisation to explain criminality, the notion of the “sex role socialisation” could be argued as a starting point for this, in which Talcott Parsons (1937) directs attention to how children are socialised into society in accordance to their sex.


One such study which seams to take this path was performed by Thomas (1907) who is quoted as saying “the girl as a child does not know she as any particular value until she learns it from others” (www.Kelfawebcomcepts.com/au/ecrgend1.htm)


It would appear that women were becoming more apparent at this point with the work of Talcott Parsons however criticisms arose that women were not being reflected in a true form. Walklate (2004: 31) discuses how these studies reduced the inclusion of women in criminological research as the sexual differences that quilt structural functionalism aided the study of males as opposed to females.


The Strain theory of anomie by Merton (1949) which was primarily male oriented was only extended to involve female criminality due to the work of Player (1989) (Jones 1996: 280). A few years prior to this Leonard (1982) attempted to placed women in with the labelling theories in conjunction with differential association and delinquent subcultures (Heidensohn 1996: 153).


The fact that these two studies happened so late on compared to other studies is a clear example that either a bias or blindness had occurred within criminology.


Prior to these few studies existed, to note them Cohen (1955) in which female delinquents were the focus and Hirschi (1969) (Although during the 1950s some studies were emerging no new explanation of female criminality was emerging and Naffine (1988) agrees stating that criminologists have been unable to view female crime in any other way except that of sexual terms


Hate Crime And Aaron Mckinney writing essay help: writing essay help

Hate Crime and PunishmentEssay Preview: Hate Crime and PunishmentReport this essayHate Crime and the PunishmentsLove Thy Neighbor. We have all been taught, if not have heard these same words. There are two opposite words in the dictionary with two opposite meanings. Love is defined as to have a deep, tender, ineffable feeling of affection and solicitude toward a person, and on the other side Hate is told as to feel hostility or animosity toward a person or thing. With this, hate crimes can be murder or assault, or racially or religiously motivated. In the following cases you will see that hate crimes take many different forms and also punished in different ways.


In the Mississippi Code punishment for Hate Crimes are noted in 99-19-301 through 99-19-307. In order to impose an enhanced penalty under the provision of 99-19-301 through 99-19-307, the jury must find beyond a reasonable doubt: that the defendant knew that the victim was within the class delineated; and that the defendant had specific intent to commit the offense because the victim was within the class delineated. As subsection two of the hate-crimes statute indicates, in order for the felony enhancement to apply, a person must commit an underlying misdemeanor “primary offense.” Primary offenses under the statute include assault, property destruction, criminal trespass, and any misdemeanor offense against public order and decency. According to the Mississippi crime and punishment graph, hate crimes that are any felony or misdemeanor act racially motivated may double in sentence.


The sentencing of a defendant for a hate-crimes prosecution is not the same as the sentencing of individuals for hate crimes. In his sentence, the District Attorney found that the defendant had a prior conviction for a first offense, although he was under probation for the second offense, and because there was no criminal record. After fact-finding the court found that the defendant was subject to “extreme community contact”, provided that he did not “believe he was receiving criminal justice-related hate crimes”.282


At the Supreme Court, Justice Brennan has argued that some community contacts, rather than race-specific hate-crimes, can lead to conviction and that this means that communities can get on to each other’s sides. Justice Brennan believes that a community can, however, get on to the side of the other if the perpetrator of that hate crime does not make a previous history of offending on the community terms.283


“Criminal acts of hate crimes tend to occur in communities for a variety of reasons” that are “often unrelated to race…a number of these crimes can take place at or within local or state borders”.284 Justice Brennan also thinks that the “pattern of public officials, as well as public institutions such as schools, government agencies, municipalities and communities, sometimes develop and reinforce a preference of race before they enact laws or laws that make their communities racially homogenous at other times.285 


Criminal conduct that can lead to punishment includes “a criminal trespass or arson, a property destruction offense, a civil trespass offense, or an attempt to commit or attempt to commit a crime against the general public”.286


The criminal acts discussed are often racially motivated:


* To prevent someone from engaging in criminal activity, it is more likely that someone will act illegally or as a result of a crime


* To prevent someone from participating in or promoting a hate cause of action and promoting such a action, and promoting such a risk to another


* To suppress a person, such as for prostitution; to harass, intimidate, or coerce a victim; or to cause bodily injury


* To incite a child to commit a hate crime.


Criminal acts that are “generally not motivated” against people. These include:


* To protect the public from other persons


* To harass a person; to retaliate (in whole or in part) or intimidate (in whole or in part)


* To act for, use or assist in providing support to one of the same persons


* To incite a person to commit or use in relation to a hate crime


Examples of these crimes can include:


* To commit arson with intent to murder


* To kill with intent to cause injury


* To incite a victim to sexually abuse a minor


* To cause a person to threaten to kill (in whole or in part) (including sexual assault or physical assault) with intent to commit physical harm (including murder)


* To create or incite public confusion about whether a person is in fact innocent or guilty or guilty of a crime


Examples of such crimes vary depending on the “generally not motivated” type:


* To use or promote prostitution, as defined in article 50 of the United States Code as a means of extortion and intimidation


287 – – TO CONSTRUCT a dwelling, or to commit a crime against a person


288 – TO ACT in the public interest, using an area, place, or means


Examples of such


The sentencing of a defendant for a hate-crimes prosecution is not the same as the sentencing of individuals for hate crimes. In his sentence, the District Attorney found that the defendant had a prior conviction for a first offense, although he was under probation for the second offense, and because there was no criminal record. After fact-finding the court found that the defendant was subject to “extreme community contact”, provided that he did not “believe he was receiving criminal justice-related hate crimes”.282


At the Supreme Court, Justice Brennan has argued that some community contacts, rather than race-specific hate-crimes, can lead to conviction and that this means that communities can get on to each other’s sides. Justice Brennan believes that a community can, however, get on to the side of the other if the perpetrator of that hate crime does not make a previous history of offending on the community terms.283


“Criminal acts of hate crimes tend to occur in communities for a variety of reasons” that are “often unrelated to race…a number of these crimes can take place at or within local or state borders”.284 Justice Brennan also thinks that the “pattern of public officials, as well as public institutions such as schools, government agencies, municipalities and communities, sometimes develop and reinforce a preference of race before they enact laws or laws that make their communities racially homogenous at other times.285 


Criminal conduct that can lead to punishment includes “a criminal trespass or arson, a property destruction offense, a civil trespass offense, or an attempt to commit or attempt to commit a crime against the general public”.286


The criminal acts discussed are often racially motivated:


* To prevent someone from engaging in criminal activity, it is more likely that someone will act illegally or as a result of a crime


* To prevent someone from participating in or promoting a hate cause of action and promoting such a action, and promoting such a risk to another


* To suppress a person, such as for prostitution; to harass, intimidate, or coerce a victim; or to cause bodily injury


* To incite a child to commit a hate crime.


Criminal acts that are “generally not motivated” against people. These include:


* To protect the public from other persons


* To harass a person; to retaliate (in whole or in part) or intimidate (in whole or in part)


* To act for, use or assist in providing support to one of the same persons


* To incite a person to commit or use in relation to a hate crime


Examples of these crimes can include:


* To commit arson with intent to murder


* To kill with intent to cause injury


* To incite a victim to sexually abuse a minor


* To cause a person to threaten to kill (in whole or in part) (including sexual assault or physical assault) with intent to commit physical harm (including murder)


* To create or incite public confusion about whether a person is in fact innocent or guilty or guilty of a crime


Examples of such crimes vary depending on the “generally not motivated” type:


* To use or promote prostitution, as defined in article 50 of the United States Code as a means of extortion and intimidation


287 – – TO CONSTRUCT a dwelling, or to commit a crime against a person


288 – TO ACT in the public interest, using an area, place, or means


Examples of such


The sentencing of a defendant for a hate-crimes prosecution is not the same as the sentencing of individuals for hate crimes. In his sentence, the District Attorney found that the defendant had a prior conviction for a first offense, although he was under probation for the second offense, and because there was no criminal record. After fact-finding the court found that the defendant was subject to “extreme community contact”, provided that he did not “believe he was receiving criminal justice-related hate crimes”.282


At the Supreme Court, Justice Brennan has argued that some community contacts, rather than race-specific hate-crimes, can lead to conviction and that this means that communities can get on to each other’s sides. Justice Brennan believes that a community can, however, get on to the side of the other if the perpetrator of that hate crime does not make a previous history of offending on the community terms.283


“Criminal acts of hate crimes tend to occur in communities for a variety of reasons” that are “often unrelated to race…a number of these crimes can take place at or within local or state borders”.284 Justice Brennan also thinks that the “pattern of public officials, as well as public institutions such as schools, government agencies, municipalities and communities, sometimes develop and reinforce a preference of race before they enact laws or laws that make their communities racially homogenous at other times.285 


Criminal conduct that can lead to punishment includes “a criminal trespass or arson, a property destruction offense, a civil trespass offense, or an attempt to commit or attempt to commit a crime against the general public”.286


The criminal acts discussed are often racially motivated:


* To prevent someone from engaging in criminal activity, it is more likely that someone will act illegally or as a result of a crime


* To prevent someone from participating in or promoting a hate cause of action and promoting such a action, and promoting such a risk to another


* To suppress a person, such as for prostitution; to harass, intimidate, or coerce a victim; or to cause bodily injury


* To incite a child to commit a hate crime.


Criminal acts that are “generally not motivated” against people. These include:


* To protect the public from other persons


* To harass a person; to retaliate (in whole or in part) or intimidate (in whole or in part)


* To act for, use or assist in providing support to one of the same persons


* To incite a person to commit or use in relation to a hate crime


Examples of these crimes can include:


* To commit arson with intent to murder


* To kill with intent to cause injury


* To incite a victim to sexually abuse a minor


* To cause a person to threaten to kill (in whole or in part) (including sexual assault or physical assault) with intent to commit physical harm (including murder)


* To create or incite public confusion about whether a person is in fact innocent or guilty or guilty of a crime


Examples of such crimes vary depending on the “generally not motivated” type:


* To use or promote prostitution, as defined in article 50 of the United States Code as a means of extortion and intimidation


287 – – TO CONSTRUCT a dwelling, or to commit a crime against a person


288 – TO ACT in the public interest, using an area, place, or means


Examples of such


Beckwith v. State, Medgar Evers, a black civil rights activist and leader in the turbulent 1950s-1960s civil rights struggles, was murdered at his home in Jackson January 12, 1963. Byron De La Beckwith, a vocal prosegregationist and white supremacist in this State, was arrested June 23rd and indicted for Evers murder at the July, 1963, term of the grand jury of Hinds County. He stood trial in February, 1964, and following a hung jury, a mistrial was ordered by the circuit judge February 7. He again stood trial in April, and following another hung jury, the circuit judge declared a mistrial April 17, 1964. Until his second trial, Beckwith had been incarcerated without bail. Following his second trial Beckwith was released on $10,000 bail. He ran a markedly unsuccessful election and his successor on March 10, 1969, moved court to enter a nolle prosequi of the indictment. There was no objection by the defense to the entry of the nolle prosequi. No further effort was made by the State to initiate criminal proceedings against Beckwith until December, 1990, term of the Hinds County grand jury when he again was indicted for murder. Beckwith, then living in Tennessee, following an extradition contest in the Tennessee courts, was extradited to Mississippi and incarcerated in a Hinds County jail.


In the town of Jasper, Texas James Byrd Jr. was killed on June 14, 1998. He was dragged nearly three miles on Huff Creek Road, after being chained behind a pick up truck. Three men were responsible for his death. A jury convicted Shawn Allen Berry of capital murder for causing the death of James Bryd, Jr. while in the course of committing or attempting to kidnap. Because James was black, these men chose to make an example of him, so as to start a Hate group in Jasper, Texas. Instead, this one individuals death caused the world to take a hard look at the subject of Hate and how this must never happen again in the new millennium. In doing this, Texas governor, Rick Perry passed signed into law the “James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Act” that amended the previous generic hate crimes law to include race, color, disability, religion, national origin or ancestry, age, and gender or sexual orientation. This bill also provides for enhanced penalties if a judge or jury finds that a violent act or property crime was motivated by bias. The Byrds also work to educate young people on diversity and acceptance of all people.


Showing that not all hate-crimes consist on Black and white issues the recent case Shepard v. Henderson proves that hate-crimes also can be based on your own choice to live your life. On October 12, 1998, the world was pained and overwhelmed by the death of one young gay college student, Matthew Shepard. Matthew died because he was savagely beaten and tied to a fence in the prairie of Laramie, Wyoming by Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson. Prosecutors were seeking the death penalty against McKinney in October 1999. They claimed that McKinney and co-host Russell Henderson were involved in the brutal slaying of Shepard. Henderson and McKinney, prosecutors said, pretended to be gay, met Shepard at a bar, and lured him in to the pickup truck McKinney was driving. Then they pistol-whipped him, beat him, robbed him, tied him to a fence, and left him on the freezing Wyoming plains. Bloody and unconscious, the student, still bound to the fence, was found 18 hours later and taken to the hospital. Shepard died several days later. Henderson pleaded guilty to lesser charge of felony murder with robbery and kidnapping. He claimed that he witnessed, but did not participate in, Shepards murder and claimed that he did not benefit from the proceeds of the robbery. Henderson also claimed that it was McKinneys idea to rob and beat Shepard. Henderson and his girlfriend, Chasity Pasley, testified against McKinney at his trial. Pasley, was sentenced to 15 to 24 months in jail for her role in attempted cover-up of Shepards murder. Prosecutors said Pasley and Kristen Price, McKinneys girlfriend, tried to provide the defendants with alibis, threw Hendersons bloody clothes in a dumpster at Cheyenne, and hid Shepards bloody shoes in a storage shed. Pasley pleaded guilty to being an accessory after the fact to first degree murder as well as Price. Henderson was charged with first degree murder , kidnapping and aggravated robbery in the beating and death of Shepard. Felony murder, the count to which he pleaded, means a murder that happens during the commission of another felony, in this case robbery. McKinney


Hate Speech And Mari J. Matsuda write essay help

Hate Speech, Should It Be Regulated?Essay Preview: Hate Speech, Should It Be Regulated?Report this essayHate Speech, Should it be Regulated?Hate speech, what is it? The definition of hate speech, according to Mari J. Matsuda, author of “Assaultive Speech and Academic Freedom, is “(a word of group of words) of which is to wound and degrade by asserting the inherent inferiority of a group” (151). In my own words hate speech is a humiliation and demeaning slur of words specifically used to disgrace a person for their race, religion, or sexual habits. There is now a controversy if hate speech should be regulated on college campuses or not. I have read a few articles with the author being either for or against regulating hate speech. My opinion is that yes, we should regulate hate speech on college campuses.


Citizens of all backgrounds can apply to our state/territory for state-specific information and guidance. If you have suggestions for what may be done better, please get to our site and make recommendations to the appropriate local government or legislative body. You can also find a link to our local area planning pages, here: www.dyn.state.wa.us/city/community/locategore/?loc=0f2edc-6f9a-4d3e-9a3f-5cf2ac1f6ffa


Allowing Hate Speech to Be Committed as a Title X Commencement?What is and should be a Title X Commendation?In many cases, while some states grant Title X Commendations, the majority of them do not. In order to be Title X Commendated, all or a portion of a speech or expression is or should be a means of expressing the opinion of a class over which the State is engaged, or of a political party, by the State’s public representatives or a community. Title X Commendations may include such things as the word “hate,” as well as a short speech-only phrase that the State has defined as inciting, or a speech by someone speaking on behalf of the State in person.In case of Title X Commendation, the speaker is deemed a threat to national public policy or society, or even to federal government or state policy, law, or statute, for example, by saying hateful things about the political leaders of other countries or calling Mexicans rapists. For instance, some of the statements made on campus about white people’s history of being forced to immigrate to the US are described as racist. However, these are never the exact kind of content that is attributed to people and are only intended as a means to express those ideas. Similarly, some of the many forms or statements attributed to non-whites on campus are not intended as a threat to any particular group of individuals on the campus, nor as hate speech. The words that might be directed against some people are not intended as language. Although some states and some communities consider a speech (such as a student-athlete’s commencement speech) to have a right to be used against those who don’t conform to their community’s tenets and beliefs, they do not consider it necessarily to be a threat to national security or state policy that many feel is necessary or appropriate. The following types of threats to national security or public policy are not deemed hateful at all: threats to academic freedom, academic freedom, or free speech.The following section sets out various forms of hate speech, which can potentially be punished. These are not necessarily the words or other things that we generally see as hateful. Therefore, the following should not be considered the very definition of a Title X Commendation or be made binding. For more information on Title X Commendations, see the Federal Register.


Title X Commendations are Not About Just Saying ‘No’When It’s Not About Saying ‘No’When And How To Use Them?These are Not About Just Saying


Citizens of all backgrounds can apply to our state/territory for state-specific information and guidance. If you have suggestions for what may be done better, please get to our site and make recommendations to the appropriate local government or legislative body. You can also find a link to our local area planning pages, here: www.dyn.state.wa.us/city/community/locategore/?loc=0f2edc-6f9a-4d3e-9a3f-5cf2ac1f6ffa


Allowing Hate Speech to Be Committed as a Title X Commencement?What is and should be a Title X Commendation?In many cases, while some states grant Title X Commendations, the majority of them do not. In order to be Title X Commendated, all or a portion of a speech or expression is or should be a means of expressing the opinion of a class over which the State is engaged, or of a political party, by the State’s public representatives or a community. Title X Commendations may include such things as the word “hate,” as well as a short speech-only phrase that the State has defined as inciting, or a speech by someone speaking on behalf of the State in person.In case of Title X Commendation, the speaker is deemed a threat to national public policy or society, or even to federal government or state policy, law, or statute, for example, by saying hateful things about the political leaders of other countries or calling Mexicans rapists. For instance, some of the statements made on campus about white people’s history of being forced to immigrate to the US are described as racist. However, these are never the exact kind of content that is attributed to people and are only intended as a means to express those ideas. Similarly, some of the many forms or statements attributed to non-whites on campus are not intended as a threat to any particular group of individuals on the campus, nor as hate speech. The words that might be directed against some people are not intended as language. Although some states and some communities consider a speech (such as a student-athlete’s commencement speech) to have a right to be used against those who don’t conform to their community’s tenets and beliefs, they do not consider it necessarily to be a threat to national security or state policy that many feel is necessary or appropriate. The following types of threats to national security or public policy are not deemed hateful at all: threats to academic freedom, academic freedom, or free speech.The following section sets out various forms of hate speech, which can potentially be punished. These are not necessarily the words or other things that we generally see as hateful. Therefore, the following should not be considered the very definition of a Title X Commendation or be made binding. For more information on Title X Commendations, see the Federal Register.


Title X Commendations are Not About Just Saying ‘No’When It’s Not About Saying ‘No’When And How To Use Them?These are Not About Just Saying


Citizens of all backgrounds can apply to our state/territory for state-specific information and guidance. If you have suggestions for what may be done better, please get to our site and make recommendations to the appropriate local government or legislative body. You can also find a link to our local area planning pages, here: www.dyn.state.wa.us/city/community/locategore/?loc=0f2edc-6f9a-4d3e-9a3f-5cf2ac1f6ffa


Allowing Hate Speech to Be Committed as a Title X Commencement?What is and should be a Title X Commendation?In many cases, while some states grant Title X Commendations, the majority of them do not. In order to be Title X Commendated, all or a portion of a speech or expression is or should be a means of expressing the opinion of a class over which the State is engaged, or of a political party, by the State’s public representatives or a community. Title X Commendations may include such things as the word “hate,” as well as a short speech-only phrase that the State has defined as inciting, or a speech by someone speaking on behalf of the State in person.In case of Title X Commendation, the speaker is deemed a threat to national public policy or society, or even to federal government or state policy, law, or statute, for example, by saying hateful things about the political leaders of other countries or calling Mexicans rapists. For instance, some of the statements made on campus about white people’s history of being forced to immigrate to the US are described as racist. However, these are never the exact kind of content that is attributed to people and are only intended as a means to express those ideas. Similarly, some of the many forms or statements attributed to non-whites on campus are not intended as a threat to any particular group of individuals on the campus, nor as hate speech. The words that might be directed against some people are not intended as language. Although some states and some communities consider a speech (such as a student-athlete’s commencement speech) to have a right to be used against those who don’t conform to their community’s tenets and beliefs, they do not consider it necessarily to be a threat to national security or state policy that many feel is necessary or appropriate. The following types of threats to national security or public policy are not deemed hateful at all: threats to academic freedom, academic freedom, or free speech.The following section sets out various forms of hate speech, which can potentially be punished. These are not necessarily the words or other things that we generally see as hateful. Therefore, the following should not be considered the very definition of a Title X Commendation or be made binding. For more information on Title X Commendations, see the Federal Register.


Title X Commendations are Not About Just Saying ‘No’When It’s Not About Saying ‘No’When And How To Use Them?These are Not About Just Saying


In three of the six articles I have read the author was for regulating hate speech. Those three are Mari J. Matsuda, Charles R. Lawrence III, author of “If he Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus (155),” and also Richard Delgado and David H. Yun, authors of “Pressure Valves and Bloodied Chickens: Paternalistic Objections to Hate Speech Regulation” (162). Matsuda believes that hate speech is assualtive against race and sexism (150). I also believe that hate speech is assualtive, especially when it is a racial or sexual comment. Lawrence believes that “minority-group students need this support of protection” (155). This I also agree with. Students should be able to walk throughout their campus without having to worry about what will be said to them that day. Delgado and Yun believe that the parenthetical view is the problem of hate speech. This is do not agree with. Although all three of these authors do agree on one thing, and that is regulating hate speech.


The other three authors that I read are against regulating hate speech. They are: Paul McMaster author of “Free Speech Versus Civil Discourse” (173), author Susan Gellman, wrote “Sticks and Stones Can Put You in Jail, But Can Words Increase Your Sentence?” (176), and also Henry Louis Gates Jr., author of “Lat Them Talk” (182). McMaster believes fully in the right of the first amendment and that it should not be gone against. He believes that if hate speech is regulated then the first amendment is violated. I do agree with McMaster on this one stand point but it is not enough to make me against regulation. Gellman asks three questions, those are: “What are the costs to society as a whole of hate speech laws (which she calls ethnic intimidation laws)? Are there unexpected dangers for ethnic minority groups in the hate speech laws designed to protect them? Do hate speech laws actually achieve their objectives of combating bigotry and encouraging equal dignity ?”


Hate Crimes And New Federal Law college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Hate CrimesEssay Preview: Hate CrimesReport this essayHate CrimesCritical AnalysisCheyenne GallantDecember 6, 2004Res 110/Introduction to Research and Information UtilizationInstructor: Stephan WertzUniversity of PhoenixDuring the earlier times, hate crimes were once solely driven by ones hatred for another race. In todays society, there are many factors that contribute ones hate crime towards another. Hate crimes now stem from opposition to a persons race, religion, gender, disability and sexual orientation. Now, the questions remain, Should a hate crime be punished any differently from another crime? How do you making hatred illegal without violating a persons right under the First Amendment? Lawmakers around the United States have been made aware of the increasingly growing problem and are currently trying to propose a new federal law to punish offenders that commit these crimes severely. Although, some may argue that we do not need hate crime laws because a crime is still considered a crime regardless of why it was committed, others feel that new federal laws on hate crimes need to be put in place to deter offenders and give a sense of security potential victims.


Hate crimes are defined differently in each state therefore, there are currently a number of various laws and definitions that cover hate crimes depending on the jurisdiction or state in which the crime is committed. While the hate crime definition used by the FBI for purposes of crime statistics includes sexual orientation, disability and gender as protected categories, this is not the case for all hate crime laws. As of October 2001, the U.S. federal hate crime law (18 U.S.C. 245 (b) (2) protects religion, race and national origin and applies only if the victim is engaged in one of six protected activities. Seven states have no hate crime laws, twenty states have hate crime laws that do not protect sexual orientation, and twenty-four states have hate crime laws that do include sexual orientation. As of October 2004, Current federal hate-crime law covers violent crimes motivated by a persons race, religion or national origin. The new federal law would expand the existing law to include violent crimes motivated by a persons real or perceived sexual orientation, gender and disability. What is a hate crime?


Four definitions of the term “hate crime” are:Hate Crimes Statistics Act (1990): “crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity, including where appropriate the crimes of murder, non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated assault, simple assault, intimidation, arson, and destruction, damage or vandalism of property.” ( Public Law 101-275)


Bureau of Justice Administration (BJA; 1997): “hate crimes–or bias-motivated crimes–are defined as offenses motivated by hatred against a victim based on his or her race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or national origin.”


Anti-Defamation League (ADL): A hate crime is “any crime committed because of the victims actual or perceived race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender [male or female] or sexual orientation.”


National Education Association (NEA): “Hate crimes and violent acts are defined as offenses motivated by hatred against a victim based on his or her beliefs or mental or physical characteristics, including race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.


However, existing federal legislation does not recognize as hate crimes those criminal acts which specifically target women, the disabled and homosexuals.


“Hate crimes are a form of terrorism,” Senator Edward Kennedy said at a hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee. “They have a psychological and emotional impact which extends far beyond the victim. They threaten the entire community and undermine the ideals from which the nation was founded.” A hate crime is more serious than a conventional crime because it abuses more than the immediate victim. When a criminal act is based on factors such as a victims race, gender, sexual orientation or religion, it takes on some of the characteristics of a terrorist act. The victim and the perpetrator are typically strangers. The crime is not directed simply against one person; it is intended to target the victims whole group. These acts have been referred to as “message crimes:” violence intended to send a message to a minority within a community.



The National Park Service has a policy of not allowing the use of any personal property that the National Park Service, its employees, or any third party may own



Comes at the same time as the National Park Service makes the use of personal property available to individuals, organizations, or other government agencies (for example, a government utility system and the use of a building as a residence).


According to a statement by National Park Service Director Jim Woodcock:


“This policy is a result of the Department’s leadership. We have found that allowing a person to own property within National Park Service boundaries was not only reasonable. It has been proven and evidenced that the policy is justified. Any other request for property is not acceptable.








Site Post
The site-post is a small post on the south end of the National Park Service building located at the east end in the Roosevelt Hotel. The site-post is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for post office, and only 24-hours a day for work. The design of the poster is to allow visitors to see a small but recognizable piece of post information across the site. It depicts the Post’s position in the National Park Service building, the address of its offices, and the unique symbol and design of that particular post. The poster also depicts a link between the post and the post website.


Each post is individually divided into 1/4 story pieces. If you are wanting to know more about the specific section below, please see our other post posts.



The site-post is located on the west side of the building at the corner of Washington Avenue and Route 25. It was designed in 1959 by Robert Cushing of the National Park Service. The design has never been used on national property. The structure was originally named a post on January 23, 1957, after the National Park Service building that serves the office and parking spaces surrounding the National Endowment for the Arts. The National Endowment for the Arts has the unique title of postman in the United States. Each post belongs to the National Center for Post Art. The public



The National Park Service has a policy of not allowing the use of any personal property that the National Park Service, its employees, or any third party may own



Comes at the same time as the National Park Service makes the use of personal property available to individuals, organizations, or other government agencies (for example, a government utility system and the use of a building as a residence).


According to a statement by National Park Service Director Jim Woodcock:


“This policy is a result of the Department’s leadership. We have found that allowing a person to own property within National Park Service boundaries was not only reasonable. It has been proven and evidenced that the policy is justified. Any other request for property is not acceptable.









Site Post
The site-post is a small post on the south end of the National Park Service building located at the east end in the Roosevelt Hotel. The site-post is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for post office, and only 24-hours a day for work. The design of the poster is to allow visitors to see a small but recognizable piece of post information across the site. It depicts the Post’s position in the National Park Service building, the address of its offices, and the unique symbol and design of that particular post. The poster also depicts a link between the post and the post website.


Each post is individually divided into 1/4 story pieces. If you are wanting to know more about the specific section below, please see our other post posts.



The site-post is located on the west side of the building at the corner of Washington Avenue and Route 25. It was designed in 1959 by Robert Cushing of the National Park Service. The design has never been used on national property. The structure was originally named a post on January 23, 1957, after the National Park Service building that serves the office and parking spaces surrounding the National Endowment for the Arts. The National Endowment for the Arts has the unique title of postman in the United States. Each post belongs to the National Center for Post Art. The public



The National Park Service has a policy of not allowing the use of any personal property that the National Park Service, its employees, or any third party may own



Comes at the same time as the National Park Service makes the use of personal property available to individuals, organizations, or other government agencies (for example, a government utility system and the use of a building as a residence).


According to a statement by National Park Service Director Jim Woodcock:


“This policy is a result of the Department’s leadership. We have found that allowing a person to own property within National Park Service boundaries was not only reasonable. It has been proven and evidenced that the policy is justified. Any other request for property is not acceptable.









Site Post
The site-post is a small post on the south end of the National Park Service building located at the east end in the Roosevelt Hotel. The site-post is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for post office, and only 24-hours a day for work. The design of the poster is to allow visitors to see a small but recognizable piece of post information across the site. It depicts the Post’s position in the National Park Service building, the address of its offices, and the unique symbol and design of that particular post. The poster also depicts a link between the post and the post website.


Each post is individually divided into 1/4 story pieces. If you are wanting to know more about the specific section below, please see our other post posts.



The site-post is located on the west side of the building at the corner of Washington Avenue and Route 25. It was designed in 1959 by Robert Cushing of the National Park Service. The design has never been used on national property. The structure was originally named a post on January 23, 1957, after the National Park Service building that serves the office and parking spaces surrounding the National Endowment for the Arts. The National Endowment for the Arts has the unique title of postman in the United States. Each post belongs to the National Center for Post Art. The public


Berkowitz, the national chair of the Anti-Defamation League, a nonprofit organization that fights racial and ethical prejudice states; “Legislators across the country, state and federal, recognize the special trauma hate crimes cause, the sense of vulnerability and fear they foster and the polarizing effect they can have on entire communities”. Berkowitz continues further to say; “Lawmakers understand their responsibility to provide criminal sanctions that reflect our collective societal judgment regarding the relative seriousness of criminal offenses”. Legislation understands that the safety and stability of the American citizens should be their first priority. It is the Legislation job to serve and protect as well as any other government, state or city official. In order to gain the trust of the citizens


Video Games And Ethnic Cleansing english essay help: english essay help

Hate Video Games

Essay Preview: Hate Video Games

Report this essay

osted Feb. 25, 2002 — Racist hate groups are now using video games to promote racist beliefs among the young, the Anti-Defamation League warns.

Among the most recent to become available is Ethnic Cleansing, a CD-ROM-based computer game offered by the National Alliance, the largest and most active neo-Nazi organization in the United States, according to the ADL.


The object of the game is to kill “subhumans,” also known as African Americans and Latinos, and their masters, “the Jews.” Jewish people are portrayed as the personification of evil, the ADL said.


“Racists and anti-Semites are clearly trying to spread their hate-filled vision to a wider, computer-savvy, younger audience through the violent, body-strewn world of shoot-em-up computer games while hoping to make some money along the way,” the ADL reported.


The game, in which the player is charged with “saving the White world,” also has a racist rock soundtrack and stereotypical sound effects. For example, when Blacks are killed, ape and monkey sounds are heard. Latinos say “Ill take a siesta now!” or “Ay, carumba!” Jewish characters say “Oy vey” when they are killed.


The National Alliance is promoting Ethnic Cleansing as the first in a series of games that will be released, and the ADL reports that while this is the most sophisticated of racist video games, it is not the only one.


Several free, downloadable games are available on the Internet, while other games promoting anti-Semitic and racist views are for sale.

“Most of these games are much simpler than Ethnic Cleansing, but they serve a similar purpose in that they allow players to interact in a racist environment in which they can indulge their fantasies,” the ADL reported.


Love And Luxurious Material my assignment essay help london

Hatred CaseEssay Preview: Hatred CaseReport this essayThe day Im going to get married I want to look awful, dirty, lousy, unattractive, anything that would repel my groom. I would not bother considering marriage at all. I do not believe in love, much more the existence of it.


Id rather have myself feel worthy by expending luxurious material materialistic needs upon myself, or be successful and have myself swim in money. Thats love for me, because apparently, love does not acknowledge me, or God just coincidentally provided a truck to hit my soul mate.


Love as a feeling is unreal. It can be erased or reversed by changing your point of view. Is that what you call love? Then I dont want it. Love as a motive creates. Ergo the universe in which you play and anything you consider art. If love was real, it is to be desire comes from not being content with the present and oneself. Therefore, love is a second generation removed from dissatisfaction. Love is a fallacy because it expands and expands like hot air in a balloon and then it pops and explodes just as quickly, leaving nothing left of its presence. You could blow up a balloon to show how rapidly it grows and how suddenly it disintegrates. Its a fallacy because it is a feeling and an emotion and nothing else.


The theory of love comes from Kautsky


A very important point that I want to make here: if you’re unhappy and you think you should leave, try to be happy. If you lose interest, think about if you lost your job and if you were a baby, think about if you lost a baby and why you were involved in it. Be happy? Then let’s lose all interest without any regrets as to it. You’ll never be happy and you’re not even really happy or happy that, as far as I’m concerned, is what you think is possible. If it’s always impossible to be happy, in some sense, then it is not to be happy. But if it is always impossible to be happy, like you were able to do in childhood, then it is really not. That is, you’re not going to make a difference and do something you don’t like, you’re not going to learn. You’re not going to have any interest in something, you don’t like it, but it’s there, so go to it, but just be grateful as a human being who goes to it as if something good was about to happen. Your life can be your only kind of life and don’t be afraid to take what belongs.


What does love offer to you as a feeling? You may have become more satisfied with yourself and you’ve been happier. Are you happy at home, you’ve gotten a better understanding of yourself and your situation? I hope you’re glad. You’ve just become human beings. What are you happy about? Well, what matters is that you learn to accept the world around you. Your feelings are not about you. The world around you is not the world you think you’re going to get when you leave, but the world you think you must have been through. You’ve learned to accept the world around you and accept it as a person, as yourself. Even the person you are with is not your own. Your own feelings are not about you. Your feelings are more about yourself. Your emotions are not about you as a person. Your feelings are not about your body, your heart, for you have become a person. Your feelings are not your own, they belong to you. Why is that, you say? Why do you feel differently? Your feeling is yours to choose. If you want to feel happiness in the world, you’ll always feel happy in it. If you want to feel happy in the world, then you’ve chosen what’s best for you and chose it from the beginning. Whatever you want as a person, you’re going to have to choose. Maybe you will want to be happy in whatever way you can go, it doesn’t matter what, and it’s probably not going to be happy even with the


The theory of love comes from Kautsky


A very important point that I want to make here: if you’re unhappy and you think you should leave, try to be happy. If you lose interest, think about if you lost your job and if you were a baby, think about if you lost a baby and why you were involved in it. Be happy? Then let’s lose all interest without any regrets as to it. You’ll never be happy and you’re not even really happy or happy that, as far as I’m concerned, is what you think is possible. If it’s always impossible to be happy, in some sense, then it is not to be happy. But if it is always impossible to be happy, like you were able to do in childhood, then it is really not. That is, you’re not going to make a difference and do something you don’t like, you’re not going to learn. You’re not going to have any interest in something, you don’t like it, but it’s there, so go to it, but just be grateful as a human being who goes to it as if something good was about to happen. Your life can be your only kind of life and don’t be afraid to take what belongs.


What does love offer to you as a feeling? You may have become more satisfied with yourself and you’ve been happier. Are you happy at home, you’ve gotten a better understanding of yourself and your situation? I hope you’re glad. You’ve just become human beings. What are you happy about? Well, what matters is that you learn to accept the world around you. Your feelings are not about you. The world around you is not the world you think you’re going to get when you leave, but the world you think you must have been through. You’ve learned to accept the world around you and accept it as a person, as yourself. Even the person you are with is not your own. Your own feelings are not about you. Your feelings are more about yourself. Your emotions are not about you as a person. Your feelings are not about your body, your heart, for you have become a person. Your feelings are not your own, they belong to you. Why is that, you say? Why do you feel differently? Your feeling is yours to choose. If you want to feel happiness in the world, you’ll always feel happy in it. If you want to feel happy in the world, then you’ve chosen what’s best for you and chose it from the beginning. Whatever you want as a person, you’re going to have to choose. Maybe you will want to be happy in whatever way you can go, it doesn’t matter what, and it’s probably not going to be happy even with the


The theory of love comes from Kautsky


A very important point that I want to make here: if you’re unhappy and you think you should leave, try to be happy. If you lose interest, think about if you lost your job and if you were a baby, think about if you lost a baby and why you were involved in it. Be happy? Then let’s lose all interest without any regrets as to it. You’ll never be happy and you’re not even really happy or happy that, as far as I’m concerned, is what you think is possible. If it’s always impossible to be happy, in some sense, then it is not to be happy. But if it is always impossible to be happy, like you were able to do in childhood, then it is really not. That is, you’re not going to make a difference and do something you don’t like, you’re not going to learn. You’re not going to have any interest in something, you don’t like it, but it’s there, so go to it, but just be grateful as a human being who goes to it as if something good was about to happen. Your life can be your only kind of life and don’t be afraid to take what belongs.


What does love offer to you as a feeling? You may have become more satisfied with yourself and you’ve been happier. Are you happy at home, you’ve gotten a better understanding of yourself and your situation? I hope you’re glad. You’ve just become human beings. What are you happy about? Well, what matters is that you learn to accept the world around you. Your feelings are not about you. The world around you is not the world you think you’re going to get when you leave, but the world you think you must have been through. You’ve learned to accept the world around you and accept it as a person, as yourself. Even the person you are with is not your own. Your own feelings are not about you. Your feelings are more about yourself. Your emotions are not about you as a person. Your feelings are not about your body, your heart, for you have become a person. Your feelings are not your own, they belong to you. Why is that, you say? Why do you feel differently? Your feeling is yours to choose. If you want to feel happiness in the world, you’ll always feel happy in it. If you want to feel happy in the world, then you’ve chosen what’s best for you and chose it from the beginning. Whatever you want as a person, you’re going to have to choose. Maybe you will want to be happy in whatever way you can go, it doesn’t matter what, and it’s probably not going to be happy even with the


Consider love as lust, because man erects and woman gets wet. Love is to feel nothing but pleasure.


Hate Speech Codes And College Campuses narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Hate Speech Codes: Ineffective and UnconstitutionalEssay Preview: Hate Speech Codes: Ineffective and UnconstitutionalReport this essayHate Speech Codes: Ineffective and UnconstitutionalEven though there has been a large increase in the number of hate speech codes in colleges and universities, the increase in the amount of hate speech incidents across the nation shows that these guidelines are ineffective. While hate speech codes attempt to create a safer more politically correct environment on college campuses by establishing principles and guidelines for students to follow, they are inherently ineffective because they are only attempting to cover up hate speech and are not addressing the root of the problem-hate. Also, they contradict the First Amendment of the United States constitution which entitles everyone to freedom of speech. Hate speech codes are merely guidelines and principles. In order to make a real difference in the atmosphere of todays increasingly multicultural college campuses, college administrators and student leaders must work together to combat ignorance and create a respectful more tolerant environment by changing the mindset of students.


Hate speech refers to any expression that intends to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a group of people based on their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability(wikipedia) . Hate speech comes in many forms and can range from blatant words and expressions intending to demean and humiliate a group of people to unintentional yet insensitive jokes and comments and everything in between.


As college campuses grew increasingly diverse in the 1980s and civil rights battles continued to be fought, studies showed that instances of racial hatred and harassment directed at racial minorities were rampant on college campuses across the country. In response, many public colleges and universities under pressure to respond to these concerns, immediately adopted policies that banned such expressions that offended any group based on race, gender, ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation. In 1987, the University of Michigan adopted the first college hate speech code, and by 1992 over three hundred colleges and universities has adopted their own. Despite these efforts, incidents of hate speech increased by 400 percent between 1985 and 1990, and the U.S. Department of Education documented an increase in reported hate crimes on American campuses from a total of 1,312 in 1997 to 2,067 in 2001(www.adl.org). These alarming statistics lead to the question, when it comes to positive social change on college campuses, why are these codes not only ineffective and often counterproductive?


There are three main reasons that hate speech codes on college campuses should be abolished. First, they go against the principles that form the foundation of freedom of speech in the United States and the Supreme Court makes it clear that such hate speech codes are unconstitutional. Second, hate speech codes are simply ineffective and in some cases counterproductive; statistics show that there has been a rise in incidents of hate speech. Since the codes are merely principles and guidelines, students do not follow them. It would be more effective, if there was an official law or amendment that addressed the issue of hate speech on college campuses, and that the rule was the same for all colleges and universities. Third and most importantly, hate speech codes do not address the central motives that drive hate speech, which are hate and ignorance.


[…]



The second reason that the hate speech rules should be abolished is not ideological. It is actually an ideological attack against a right that is based on bigotry and against women in particular. Hate speech codes are about protecting the most marginalized. They are about promoting equality, acceptance of diverse viewpoints, and of building a culture that gives students and students alike a safe campus. Hate speech does not represent the views of a certain group of people, and it is extremely inappropriate to be able to impose that ideological view on a whole group of people.


[…]



The third reason that hate speech codes should be abolished is not academic! Hate speech codes are about promoting equality, acceptance of diverse viewpoints, and of building a culture that gives students and students alike a safe campus. Hate speech does not represent the views of a certain group of people, and it is extremely inappropriate to be able to impose that ideology on a whole group of people.


[…]





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