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Quality Of Customer Service Of Telecom Operators And Per Cent Academic Essay Help

Scw 952 – Research Methodology

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SCW 952Research MethodsDIGITAL ANSWER SCRIPT                                        (PLEASE PRINT YOUR DETAILS)Course Code:SCW 952Course Title:RESEARCH METHODOLOGYStudent ID:745Name:MOHAMMAD ADNAN ISHAQ ALHAMAMSHEH        GENERAL INSTRUCTIONSAll the answers must be written in this digital answer script.Ensure that your name and student number are written correctly on the digital answer script.You must include a title page that lists your name, Student ID, the unit number, title of unit and pledge.Any published material you refer to must be properly referenced (Harvard Referencing) and included in a reference list at the end of your assignment.Last date of assignment submission is on or before 16th September 2017 to [email protected] of submission / late submissions of the assignment would lead to a penalty of AED 1000. (Check Assignment Submission Deadline for the submission dates)Contact [email protected] for any Exam related queries.Read the Question paper carefully before drafting your answers.Any answer scripts found cheated or plagiarized will be graded ‘0’ and the student will have to repeat the examination by paying a penalty of AED 1000.For any extension contact our Student Support team.Mention Correct Question and Sub Question Number for accurate correction.If you have missed the class activity contact Student Support team.Defining & Measuring the Quality of Customer Service of Telecom Operators in UAE: Targeting MNP Customers Based on Data & Voice Services Introduction:The ability of telecommunication operators to focus successfully on the customer has proven to be one of the most competitive issues toward the end of the 20th century. The services management literature is short of theoretical and empirical studies on customer satisfaction measurement in the telecommunications industry. This, however, is contrary to the industry practice since almost all major telecommunications companies around the world gather information about customer satisfaction and other related information about the quality of their services. Our research focuses on the customer satisfaction which they were under Du operator & transferred to Etisalat operator & vice versa. Those customers called MNP (Mobile Number Portability) customers. Customer satisfaction has been a central theme of managerial decision making worldwide over the last 20 years. If the customer is satisfied on the services that operator proposed so no need to leave this operator & to change to other operator but some of customers are not satisfied so they have only one solution to do instead of make a complaints & waiting for fair solutions, this solution is to accept to transfer to other operator. The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was established according to the UAE Federal Law by Decree No. 3 of 2003 – Telecom Law, on regulating the telecommunications sector in the UAE. Since its establishment, the TRA has exceeded expectations by achieving its projected goals in record time. The role of TRA focuses on two fields: regulating the telecommunications sector, and enabling government entities in the field of smart transformation.


Mobile number portability (MNP) is one of those telecommunications offerings that seem to be available everywhere in the world but the Middle East. Having your phone number tied to you instead of a SIM card is a concept that the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority has been talking about introducing but not yet delivering to the UAE. Once the MNP switch is turned on, one would expect both Etisalat and du would see a healthy amount of customers leaving each respective operator for the other. Mobile phone rates would likely decrease while the operators would introduce promotions at a feverish pace to reduce subscriber churn. Personally, it would also really make my job a lot more fun writing about all of these developments. This service has been launched in 2014 for both Du & Etisalat customers. To measure the quality of the services & customer satisfaction we have to know exactly, the customer demands, customer feedback & then to fix or to improve the issues that the telecom operators have. TRA Survey Shows the Two Operators in UAE Depending on Customer Satisfaction Before & After MNP Service: The “UAE Cellular Mobile Networks Benchmarking 2014” survey is conducted annually to assess and track the current status of mobile networks and identify the main issues that need to be addressed in order to ensure better quality and reliability.In the outdoor voice indicators, Etisalat scored 98.59 per cent in call completion success rate with Du at 98.55 per cent. Etisalat scored 98.83 per cent in call set-up success rate and Du was at 98.84 per cent.Du performed better in voice quality at 97.02 per cent and Etisalat at 95.33 per cent while in terms of double service coverage (for both 2G and 3G), both Etisalat and Du exceeded 99 per cent.In the indoor voice indicators, Etisalat scored 98.89 per cent in call completion success rate and Du at 98.80 per cent, and for call set-up success rate, Etisalat scored 99.24 per cent and Du 99.42 at per cent, for call drop rate, Etisalat was at 0.36 per cent while Du was at 0.63 per cent, and voice quality placed Etisalat at 97.73 per cent and du at 97.48 per cent.Below is the summarize survey – 2014 of the above details:[pic 3]The below figure is showing the results of TRA-2014 Survey depending on customer feedback on mobile services (voice & data):[pic 4]The project aims to show the customer feedback on both operators (Du & Etisalat) & what is the reasons behind the changing from operator to operator? Are they feeling happy with new operator services? What is the percentage of population transferred to other operator? Is there any rejected application while they are transferring the customers who is applied?


Aids Epidemic And Blood Stream essay help service: essay help service

Aids In Africa

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Aids Epidemic In Africa

My initial thought on how to solve the AIDS epidemic was to increase the amount of education and medical aid in the area. AIDS education is crucial to stop the spreading of the disease. There are myths that exist in Africa about HIV, such as “Some believe that you can rid yourself of HIV through sex with virgins, or flush it out of your system through repeated intercourse.” It is obvious that the people are not aware of how the disease works. Universities such as Indiana University actually set up a program to educate people in Kenya about AIDS. Sending financial aid to Africa is a major problem. Without sufficient input, we cant save many lives. We could submit our plan to the UNAIDS organization and explain why its the best plan. I believe it is because we are helping those that are in need of it. Since money is limiting what we can do, we must maximize the number of lives we can save with what we have. Other issues, such as treating babies early with HIV to rid it of the disease is very costly, ineffective in the long run, and unethical. A newborn should not have more rights than a person in need of help. Not treating current patients and only helping newborns would make that generation have no parents. Also, HIV cannot be completely rid of, even if newborns are treated. HIV cases have leveled off to a limit point in the US at 40,000 cases a year. Without focus in education, that small amount would still spread to others.


Solution

The only solution found for this awful issue, is to educate the youths of Africa. We need to teach them about AIDS and about safe sex. By teaching them we can learn about this problem and try to prevent it from happening to them. Although it may already be in their blood stream we can still teach about it, and what it does to families. While some are teaching others can be learning, and helping to find a cure for AIDS, which claims so many lives in Africa.


Although we need a better course of action some people are not just waiting around for money to fall from the sky.

The AIDS crisis in Africa has become an enormous problem that cannot and should not be ignored. Out of all of the people in the world with AIDS, at least one third reside in Africa. Why do such a large number of people with AIDS exist solely in Africa? There are many causes and no simple explanation but most of the reasoning can be lumped into three separate factors: political, social, and economic. What can be done about the AIDS problem in Africa? Only be thoroughly exploring each of the contributing factors, can an acceptable solution to the AIDS crisis be reached. 1) Thirty-four million people living in sub-Sahara Africa have been infected with HIV. 2) Eleven and a half million of these people have already died. 3) One quarter of this 11.5 million were children under the age of 15. 4) Seven out of every ten newly infected HIV cases reside in sub-Sahara Africa. 5) Nine out of every ten children under the age of 15 are infected with HIV. 6) Of all historic AIDS deaths, 83% have come from Africa. 7) 95% of all AIDS orphans live in Africa. 8) 70% of the worlds AIDS cases reside in Africa while only 10% of the worlds population resides in Africa. AIDS: An Economic Crisis My portion of the presentatio


AIDS in


Edgar Bronfmans Value System And Business Processes college essay help service

SeagramsEssay Preview: SeagramsReport this essayEdgar Bronfmans value system is in jeopardy of not being sustained due to his failure to fully transition from charismatic to instrumental leadership as evidenced by the employee questions following the values program training.


AnalysisSeagrams is currently undergoing strategic, anticipatory changes in the companys value system to competitively reposition the company to take advantage of future growth opportunities, diversify the company globally, effectively manage business processes, and increase profits. Bronfman has successfully guided the development and introduction of this new value system. However, Seagrams is lacking the instrumental leadership necessary for this reorientation to be successful. Specifically, the questions raised by management at the end of the values training program suggest that the three critical elements of instrumental leadership – structuring, controlling, and rewarding – have not been fully addressed. Without these, the new value system will not be “reinforced and institutionalized” and may fall victim to becoming “another program of the month”.


Bronfman has not structured a sufficient mechanism to ensure the value system is sustained over time. No processes are in place to handle the recommendations for action raised by participants in the training program. Good ideas are being generated, but will be wasted if there is no system to ensure they are heard and implemented. Failure to provide this process will hurt employee morale and limit the long-term relevance of the value system because old ideas will never be replaced by newer, more representative values. Additionally, employees have voiced concern about sustaining momentum and attention on values after the training program. However, there is no process in place that enables employees to keep the focus on values through meetings, additional training or a communication network. Without this mechanism, the momentum created at training programs will slow and the sustainability of the value system will be put at risk.


In addition, Bronfman has not created a controlling and rewarding system to measure the results and reward or punish the behavior of individuals. Employees are concerned that those who are “living” the values will not be recognized and rewarded. They are also concerned about how to deal with values “violators”. It is difficult to create buy-in to the values if compliance cannot be determined. Further, without an incentive to adhere, individuals will most likely be indifferent to the values. Clearly, you get what you reward and if Bronfman wants people to live the values, then he must find a way to measure and reward that behavior.


Recommendation 1 & 2 – Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New ValuesThe lack of structuring processes has led to questions on how new recommendations concerning the values will be handled and how the current momentum of the program can be sustained. To create this process, we recommend that Bronfman continue to leverage its existing managerial structure by creating a “bottoms-up” feedback mechanism. Each individual employee will be told that they have the power to submit recommendations concerning the Seagrams Values. A mechanism will be put in place that enables viable suggestions to filter upward through management and ultimately reach the Seagrams Values Committee (SVC). The SVC will be comprised of two executives


: a senior VP, a Vice President, and a senior CTO. 2 . Leadership and Oversight at Site Cops In the past, these Crosby leaders were considered to be unathletic by the SVC, although they are now believed to be working with a new committee consisting of CTOs. There are the following six Crosby leaders: the CEO of CIO:


Recommendation 1  2 ‒ Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


3


The Crosby leadership have chosen to continue to consider different values using their knowledge of the project from their previous years while remaining cognizant of the SVC. In their efforts to improve the current SVC, CEO of Site Cops has been looking to bring in new stakeholders and to create meaningful changes to work with.


Recommendation 0˟ 1   Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


4


CEO of Site Cops has created a new, simplified process to review the new values in all critical phases of the project. The process utilizes input from CTOs and senior CTOs as well as feedback from community members. The process also utilizes the SVC’s existing system to present feedback to stakeholders. The process will then develop a solution solution that is consistent throughout the entire process, and allows members to take the initiative with more meaningful changes.


Recommendation 1  2 Г Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


5


The new process ensures that CTOs and senior CTOs have the opportunity to contribute as much feedback as possible to the new values. This system works across many different project groups, ranging from open project teams to large enterprise teams. Although the system is currently in its infancy, it will be integrated into the development and testing phases of each project. During these phases the team members responsible for producing the new value will use the new process to improve or adapt the system to achieve the intended result. The CTOs and senior CTOs can now work together to implement changes to the process and move forward in their careers.


Recommendation 0̶ 1 ₼ Building the SVC System in a Dynamic and Responsive World


7


CEO of Site Cops created a new process to demonstrate the feasibility of the project. While this process has been working with stakeholders for over a year, CTO’s and senior leaders are now starting working on a new approach to managing the feedback process. While this process is very much in the early stages, the process is expected to continue in phases and develop into a sustainable and sustainable


: a senior VP, a Vice President, and a senior CTO. 2 . Leadership and Oversight at Site Cops In the past, these Crosby leaders were considered to be unathletic by the SVC, although they are now believed to be working with a new committee consisting of CTOs. There are the following six Crosby leaders: the CEO of CIO:


Recommendation 1  2 ‒ Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


3


The Crosby leadership have chosen to continue to consider different values using their knowledge of the project from their previous years while remaining cognizant of the SVC. In their efforts to improve the current SVC, CEO of Site Cops has been looking to bring in new stakeholders and to create meaningful changes to work with.


Recommendation 0˟ 1   Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


4


CEO of Site Cops has created a new, simplified process to review the new values in all critical phases of the project. The process utilizes input from CTOs and senior CTOs as well as feedback from community members. The process also utilizes the SVC’s existing system to present feedback to stakeholders. The process will then develop a solution solution that is consistent throughout the entire process, and allows members to take the initiative with more meaningful changes.


Recommendation 1  2 Г Structuring Processes to Sustain Seagrams New Values


5


The new process ensures that CTOs and senior CTOs have the opportunity to contribute as much feedback as possible to the new values. This system works across many different project groups, ranging from open project teams to large enterprise teams. Although the system is currently in its infancy, it will be integrated into the development and testing phases of each project. During these phases the team members responsible for producing the new value will use the new process to improve or adapt the system to achieve the intended result. The CTOs and senior CTOs can now work together to implement changes to the process and move forward in their careers.


Recommendation 0̶ 1 ₼ Building the SVC System in a Dynamic and Responsive World


7


CEO of Site Cops created a new process to demonstrate the feasibility of the project. While this process has been working with stakeholders for over a year, CTO’s and senior leaders are now starting working on a new approach to managing the feedback process. While this process is very much in the early stages, the process is expected to continue in phases and develop into a sustainable and sustainable


Alexander Hamilton And National Debt essay help writing: essay help writing

Alexander Hamilton Article Summary

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Rarely does a single person stand out as much when solving a problem as Alexander Hamilton did after being appointed Secretary of Treasury on the late 1700s. Our country had a great deal of problems with national debt after the Revolutionary War, Hamilton created one of the best financial foundations ideas for our economy, that could bring us to a great economic power at the nations early stages of development. His economic ideas were centered around the philosophy of “Hamiltonianism”, which he stated, “Give all power to many and they will oppress the few. Give all power to the few and they will oppress the many. Both therefore ought to have power, that each may defend itself against the other.” He understood that when one group has too much power they can become dangerous, so he wanted to spread it out. His initial plans to get the country to such high standards were to redeem the old national debt, and then he would have a plan to nationalize the states debt with issued bonds. These bonds gave America a higher credit rating than any other country in Europe. His last idea was to have a central bank in America, which would act as a reservoir for government funds, and the bank could also transfer these funds across the world to other countries. Getting the bank in existence was a hard bill to pass, but when it finally did, it helped greatly in developing early American economy.


John Steele Gordon selected this story to describe this time period because it was one of the first things that America had done to make it such a leading world country that it


is today. This is the story of our country becoming one of the worlds leading powers, and Alexander Hamilton is the leading factor for this movement. At the time, America was in extreme debt after the American Revolution. Hamilton did everything he could to get the country back on its feet, with motions that included a bank system, refunding the national debt, and tariffs had to be collected, also the government had to


Wide Variety Of Products And Specialty Packaging Materials essay help

Sealed AirEssay Preview: Sealed AirReport this essayTHE COMPANYThe Company is a leading global manufacturer of a wide range of protective and specialty packaging materials and systems that are used to protect a wide variety of products from damage during manufacture, shipment, storage and handling. The Companys principal classes of products include engineered products, surface protection and other cushioning products, and food packaging products. Certain of these products are also produced for non-packaging applications. The Companys operations are conducted primarily in the United States and in 17 other countries in North America, Europe and the Far East, and its products are distributed in these areas as well as in other parts of the world.



Worcester, MA-VIII: Design and Implementation of Efficient, Affordable, Cost-effective and Secure Storage Software for Sensitive and Sensitive Materials


Developed in partnership with our partners and industry-leading suppliers across the country and around the globe, the Company uses a unique process in which the customer uses the Company’s proprietary proprietary proprietary software and hardware to develop and maintain software that controls and protects the performance and integrity of a suite of products when they are opened to access by a customer directly when they leave a suite. This software protects and distributes the product’s quality controls so that it has no security vulnerability or compromise. The Company creates and maintains a proprietary solution which can be used in a manner that allows for secure, secure and secure open access to proprietary data via software. This security can and does protect against misuse and use that violate the requirements in the E&C Secrecy Act of 1977.


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Security and Accessibility: The Company uses a process of securing and preserving the software and hardware for use in products produced or used by suppliers in compliance with the E&C Secrecy Act.


Chennai, India: Product Assessments and Product Safety


https://www.corporate-enterprise.com/research/product-assessments-and-product-safety-research.pdf


Security and Privacy Protection: The Product Assessments and Product Safety Technology (PSNT) is a secure, secure database and management system to manage and ensure security and privacy protection of consumer applications. Product Assessments and Product Safety Technology (PSNT) requires all product owners to meet several requirements and to use the Product Assessments and Product Safety Technology in its production, distribution and use. The Product Assessments and Product Safety Technology (PSNT) facilitates the development and execution of security and privacy solutions for all users. We are the primary supplier of all the products, except non-Waste Containers (NTV) products (including those that contain high-volume, industrial-scale contamination) and products that contain NTVs. Our focus with PSNT is to ensure that compliance with the E&C Secrecy Act of 1977 applies to all products manufactured and used in compliance with them. Customers also get protection against unauthorized use of the product, if necessary, and have the option of purchasing the Product Assessments and Product Safety Technology for their products. However, this does not prevent or increase


Engineered Products. These products, which accounted for approximately 40% of 1993 net sales, include the Companys Instapak (Registered Trademark) polyurethane foam packaging systems, thick polyethylene foams for packaging and non-packaging uses, and Korrvu (Registered Trademark) suspension packaging products.


Instapak (Registered Trademark) systems consist of proprietary blends of polyurethane chemicals and specially designed dispensing equipment, certain features of which are patented. The Company also manufactures a line of Instamate (Registered Trademark) polyolefin films, which are high-performance films designed for use with Instapak (Registered Trademark) systems. These systems produce just-in-time polyurethane foam cushions for a broad range of protective packaging applications.


Thick polyethylene foams, offered in varying densities and thicknesses, are used in applications in which a clean, non-abrasive material is required with such properties as shock absorption, vibration dampening, thermal insulation or buoyancy. The Company is also engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of Korrvu (Registered Trademark) suspension packaging, which is covered by certain patents. A Korrvu (Registered Trademark) package suspends a product in the air space of its shipping container between two strong, flexible low-slip films.


Surface Protection and Other Cushioning Products. These products, which accounted for approximately 47% of 1993 net sales, include AirCap (Registered Trademark) R and PolyCap (Registered Trademark) R air cellular cushioning materials, Cell-Aire (Registered Trademark) polyethylene foam sheeting, various paper protective packaging materials, and a comprehensive line of protective and durable mailers. These mailers, marketed under the Jiffy (Trademark) and related trademarks, are used for mailing a wide variety of items for which clean, light-weight, preconstructed protective packages are desirable, and may provide the user with significant postage savings and enhanced product protection relative to other types of envelopes and shipping containers. The Companys Shurtuff (Registered Trademark) durable plastic mailers, which were acquired in 1993, are a line of mailers produced from coextruded polyolefin film. This class of products also includes various automated packaging systems including the Instasheeter (Trademark) converting system that is designed for use with the Companys surface protection and cushioning materials, the Jiffy Packer (Trademark) paper packaging system, and the VoidPak (Trademark) inflatable packaging system.


Food Packaging Products. These products, which accounted for approximately 11% of 1993 net sales, consist primarily of the Companys Dri-Loc (Registered Trademark) absorbent pads, which are covered by certain patents and are used in the pre-packaging of meat, fish and poultry to absorb excess fluids. With their superior absorbency, Dri-Loc (Registered Trademark) pads enable the supermarket retailer to save material, labor and packaging waste by reducing the number of packaging rewraps. Also included in this product class are conventional absorbent food pads, Pad-Loc (Trademark) poultry processor absorbent pads, and supermarket display case liners.


Other Products. Other products are primarily products designed to control static electricity and certain recreation and energy conservation products. Other products accounted for approximately 2% of 1993 net sales.


The Company employs several hundred sales and account representatives who market its products through a large number of distributors, fabricators and converters as well as directly to end users. In the United States and certain other countries, the Company has separate sales and marketing groups for its engineered products, its surface protection and other cushioning products, and its food packaging products. These groups often work together to develop market opportunities for the Companys products.


The Company has no material long-term contracts for the distribution of its protective packaging products. In 1993, no customer or affiliated group of customers accounted for as much as 5% of the Companys consolidated net sales.


To assist its marketing efforts and to provide specialized customer services, the Company maintains packaging laboratories in many of its United States and foreign facilities. These laboratories are staffed by professional packaging engineers and equipped with drop-testing and other equipment used to develop and test cost-effective package designs to meet the particular protective packaging requirements of each customer.


While the Company is the owner or licensee of a number of United States and foreign patents and patent applications that relate to certain of its products, manufacturing processes and equipment, the Company believes that its success depends primarily on its marketing, engineering and manufacturing skills and on its research and product technology.


The Company believes that its protective packaging materials offer superior packaging protection, enabling customers to achieve the same degree of product protection with smaller, lighter packages using the Companys protective packaging materials than with many alternative packaging methods, thereby reducing the disposal of damaged products as well as the amount of packaging waste. Because the Company offers both plastic-based and paper-based protective packaging materials, customers can select the protective packaging materials that they consider to best meet their performance and cost needs and environmental preferences. A number of the Companys product lines incorporate recycled or reprocessed content, and the Company maintains ongoing efforts to add or increase the amount of recycled or reprocessed content in many of its product lines.


Larger-sized containers are available on all of the Company’s major lines of business. (The Company’s largest-sized shipments are the largest three-volume and nine- and nine-inch line containers.)


The Company also conducts large-scale development for all of its business lines, while maintaining close, continuous contact with customers. This means that any changes in how company facilities are configured, operations implemented, facilities deployed, and operations completed could affect the performance of new and existing product lines. While large-sized packaging projects are typically not completed, one or more large-scale projects for the Company may also be completed in a single week, during the same week, and during the same business day, or during any of these same business days. For example, the Company may build a new shipping port, conduct the first port upgrade of a smaller container, or conduct an expansion of a smaller container, as required by Federal law or the requirements of its own business. If the Company elects to undertake large-scale product lines, we may, or may not, design and carry an inventory program, which will involve planning, conducting, building and implementing an initial inventory of one or more major product lines, and continuing to expand large-sized products for these shipments, to the extent authorized by applicable law. Also, we may conduct large-scale product lines in conjunction with the Company on multiple business lines, which may involve the following activities in the course of each operation: (i) the acquisition of new inventory, (ii) the acquisition by the Company of new facilities and equipment that may provide enhanced storage and storage capability, (iii) building or developing capacity for new or existing products, and (iv) the construction, operation, purchase or restructuring of major product lines. These business operations are different from those at smaller-scale companies, but also involve the building, operation, or restructuring of major product lines.


Sales of Small-Sized Packages


We have received substantial support from many of our customers and colleagues for the purchase of Small-Sized Packages as of December 31, 2012. In addition, we have received the assistance of many of our competitors for a significant price boost with the purchase of one of our branded products, and further support in the process of acquiring our existing customers for substantial additional prices. In conjunction with our business performance, we have created brand relationships that are similar to those within our existing customers and colleagues.


Our customers and partners have identified three distinct potential customers through our product lines:


Consumer (Non-Business) Brands


Consumers of all forms of consumer products and services have a fundamental interest in our products, which have enhanced their functionality, productivity, and convenience. However, a lot of the consumer interest is rooted in consumer convenience, for many purposes. For example, consumers can be motivated by interest in the convenience of their shopping, using the convenience of purchasing and using our products, or by simply enjoying the services in our products. With an increasing number of consumers adopting multiple consumer-branded products, we must recognize the potential of products like our online payment solutions, which are increasingly offered by customers, in the marketplace and the marketplace. Many of our consumers choose other consumer products, which also improve performance because of the convenience of purchasing. By offering more complex consumer-brand products that include the convenience of shopping and using our products, we can enhance our offerings, which can result in better performance.


A number of consumer-brand products including those like our online


The Company also supports its customers interests in eliminating waste by offering or participating in collection programs for certain of the Companys products or product packaging and for materials used in certain of the Companys products, including


James Forman And Second College Semester essay help services

James FormanEssay Preview: James FormanReport this essayJames FormanLast Wednesday the civil rights movement lost one of its most influential members to colon cancer. James Forman died January 10th he is survived by his son Chaka Esmond Fanon Forman. James was born on Oct. 5, 1928, he spent the early years on a farm in Marshall County, Mississippi, with his grandmother. The at the age of six his parents moved him to Chicago. In 1957 James graduated from Englewood High School, after high school he entered the Air Force and fought in the Korean War. After the war Forman transferred to Roosevelt University in Chicago after his second college semester at the University of California. He also became very active in student politics on campus before his graduation in 1957. Forman went on to graduate studies at Boston University, then returned to Chicago. After college James went on to work at the Chicago Defender were he reported the injustices done to black people in the deep south.


Bibliography:


F. M. O’Keefe, “Slavery to Progress: Racial Inequality and the Development of Public and Private Relations,” Journal of Social Issues 26, no. 5


http://online.jpl.org/article/0,8565,e1103,0015,0028,0027,0014,0025,0024/articles/


F. M. O’Keefe, “Erective Leadership,” in Race and Social Relations, ed. W. O’Keefe (Chicago: LaMatin, 1962), pp. 1-5.


http://www.washingtonpost.com/post…


H. A. Smith, “A History of the Negro: The Story of the Southern Civil War” in Rene A. Brown, ed., The Southerners in Early America, 1881-1903.


T. R. Whitehead & S. A. McPherson, the First Black President of the United States in the 17th Congress of the United States: An Archaeological History, 1910 to 1942, edited by W. S. Taggart, New York, 1962, pp. 41-46.


http://historyofindiana.org/piper_site…


N. M. Lachman & M. B. Black, “Welfare and Welfare in the United States and United States Civil Rights Division, 1942-”


E. S. Jones, “Empire State Department History of the New World Order, and Its Consequences in the War,” p. 6


http://online.jpl.org/article/0,8564,e1103,0016,0023,0017,0024,0025,0024/articles/


W. B. King, An Early History of American Welfare and American Indian Law, 1861-1917.


https://www.gift-history.org…


O’Keefe, “James Forman Report: James FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames Formanreport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essay


Bibliography:


F. M. O’Keefe, “Slavery to Progress: Racial Inequality and the Development of Public and Private Relations,” Journal of Social Issues 26, no. 5


http://online.jpl.org/article/0,8565,e1103,0015,0028,0027,0014,0025,0024/articles/


F. M. O’Keefe, “Erective Leadership,” in Race and Social Relations, ed. W. O’Keefe (Chicago: LaMatin, 1962), pp. 1-5.


http://www.washingtonpost.com/post…


H. A. Smith, “A History of the Negro: The Story of the Southern Civil War” in Rene A. Brown, ed., The Southerners in Early America, 1881-1903.


T. R. Whitehead & S. A. McPherson, the First Black President of the United States in the 17th Congress of the United States: An Archaeological History, 1910 to 1942, edited by W. S. Taggart, New York, 1962, pp. 41-46.


http://historyofindiana.org/piper_site…


N. M. Lachman & M. B. Black, “Welfare and Welfare in the United States and United States Civil Rights Division, 1942-”


E. S. Jones, “Empire State Department History of the New World Order, and Its Consequences in the War,” p. 6


http://online.jpl.org/article/0,8564,e1103,0016,0023,0017,0024,0025,0024/articles/


W. B. King, An Early History of American Welfare and American Indian Law, 1861-1917.


https://www.gift-history.org…


O’Keefe, “James Forman Report: James FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames Formanreport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essayJames FormanReport this essay


In 1960 he learned of black farmers being evicted off their land by white landowners because they registered to vote. James left Chicago to join a program sponsored by the Congress for Racial Equality that provided help to the displaced farmers. In 1961 he joined The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, SNCC. One week after joining SNCC James was elected to its executive secretary after just one week with the organization. James did a great job at SNCC he was an excellent critical thinker as well as strategist that is why Julian Bond, chairman of the board of directors of the NAACP, said “that Forman the catalyst that turned SNCC into a fighting, militant organization.” (Pride) Forman was just influential as Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks. In 1963 Forman was the principal for the 1963 March on Washington and the Freedom Rides in which Blacks rode across the South to make sure buses were integrated as ordered by the courts. James also became one of the first major blacks leaders to demand reparations for slavery. He demanded 500 million dollars from white churches all across America for their involvement in the Atlantic Slave Trade. Even later in his life James was still active in the civil rights community. In 1982 and lobbying against the appointment of


Alexander Hamilton And James Hamilton easy essay help: easy essay help

Alexander Hamilton

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Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton was one of the most influential of the Founding Fathers. He was a lawyer, author, financier, military officer, delegate, and statesman. He was also an intellectual man who wrote interpretations of the Constitution.


Alexander Hamilton was born as a British subject on the island of Nevis in the West Indies on January 11, 1755. His father was James Hamilton, a Scottish merchant from St. Christopher. His grandfather was Alexander Hamilton, of Grange, Lanarkshire. Hamiltons mother was Rachael Fawcette Levine, of French Huguenot descent. When she was very young, she married a Danish landowner from St. Croix named John Michael Levine. Ms. Levine left her husband and was later divorced from him on June 25, 1759. Under Danish law, Ms. Levine was forbidden from remarrying. Thus, Hamiltons birth was illegitimate. Alexander Hamilton had one brother, James Hamilton.


Alexander Hamilton had a vision of using federal power to modernize the nation. He had many important contributions that are still around in society today. They include the creation of a national debt, federal collection of state debts, creation of a national bank, and a system of taxes through a tax on imports and a tax on whiskey that would pay for it all.


Hamiltons close friendship with George Washington made him one of the most important influences during the presidents term. Hamilton wrote many of the Presidents papers. He became the first Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789. In 1796 he successfully defended a tax on carriages in the Supreme Courts first ruling on the Constitutionality of a law.


Hamilton created the Federalist party which was the first American political party. Thomas Jefferson was Hamiltons opposite, who didnt like the rival of the Republican party. Hamilton retired from the Treasury in 1795 to practice law but returned to the public


New Culture And Aesthetic Ideals Of Japanese Poetry descriptive essay help

Japanese Culture

Essay Preview: Japanese Culture

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Japans cultural history has always had close ties to religion. From China and Korea came Buddhism, which to Japan brought not only new religion, but also new culture. Buddhist ideas, such as karma, impermanence, and simplicity were extremely influential in forming the contents and aesthetic ideals of Japanese poetry and art in general. Buddhist art, paintings and sculpture, as well as its architecture helped shape Japanese arts and architecture in general. However, Japanese culture is unique from that of Chinas and Koreas. This comes in part from a mixed religious atmosphere.


Another significant religion in Japanese history, Shinto, has also had a great influence on Japanese culture, especially in performing arts. The two most famous forms of Japanese theatre today, Noh and Kabuki, derive from Shinto rituals. Since ancient times, dances and songs performed at shrines served as means to evoke deities and pacify them.


Up until very modern times in Japan, the interest of emulating the culture and technology of the western world was checked by the equally strong desire to retain and redefine the traditional culture. As for the arts, western music and film are flooding Japan. Western homes, beds, tables, clothes, and food are what Japanese people are starting to want. This could be in part to Japanese Buddhism and Christianity not having much communication with young people and creating a gap between popular culture and established religion, where the two were one in the same long ago. The pendulum of culture is on the upward swing towards the western world, but Japan still holds to some old, and creates new culture today. In fact, modern art like manga and anime can reveal much about the spiritual and mental situation of young people today. Though old culture in Japan is waning due to the younger generations objective opinion of religion, Japanese people can blend the fundamental doctrine and culture of Shinto, Buddhism,


Japanese Animation And Japanese Comics popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help

Japanese AnimationEssay Preview: Japanese AnimationReport this essayINTRODUCTIONJapanese AnimeAnime, which is short for (animēshon) from the English word “animation”, in the western world most popularly refers to the medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation (e.g. Walt Disney films, Warner Bros. short cartoons). (Baricordi, Andrea; Pelletier, Claude (2000). Anime: A Guide to Japanese Animation (1958-1988). Montreal, Canada: Protoculture).


In Japan, the word anime is used to refer to all forms of animated film from around the world. While some anime is entirely hand-drawn, computer assisted animation techniques are, in recent years, quite common. Storylines are typically fictional; examples of anime representing most major genres of fiction exist. Anime is broadcast on television, distributed on media such as DVD and VHS, or included in computer and video games. Anime is often influenced by Japanese comics known as “manga”.


The American market for anime and related products has been growing by leaps and bounds: in 1999 it was estimated to be $10 million a year business in 2000 it passed $100 million, and in 2002 it reached $500 million. In 2001 an all anime cable channel hit the airwaves. The current number of releases range from 20 to 450 videos a month. Most anime are based on manga, Japanese comics, which may also be available in English translation. Be aware that anime is not to be equated with kids cartoons. There are as many genres in anime as there are in cinema and fiction, with plenty of material for all ages. With title for teens or adults, the content is no more extreme than what would be in American video for the same age group.


In 2003 the Japanese TV broadcast company, A-1 (which is still in business), made the following announcement:[4] “This will provide a reliable, and reliable, source of anime content. As for the TV broadcasts, all new content will be made available to our fans for free.”
The Japanese community has long supported A-1 as a premier source of manga, novels and other high quality content for young and old viewers. In order to grow the anime industry, a team from A-1 and other small businesses have developed the latest software that can make new anime programs to be broadcast. As is the case for A-1, there is no limit to the number of Japanese-language TV programs we can produce for our fans.* We will work with those who are willing to work with us to develop our latest game program that will allow us to produce the most popular anime and anime-themed video games in the world, and will work with our other business partners to develop and develop similar program for other people who want to watch and enjoy Japanese-centric anime, such as anime writers, producers and directors.


The English language news and business website, Business Insider, is now open for news dissemination, and the English translation section will be released soon in English. For more information about the English content section, such as the translation of manga, anime and television to and from Japanese, please visit : www.businessinsider.org.au.


The English language news and business website,Business Insider, is now open for news dissemination, and the English translation section will be released soon in English. For more information about the English content section, such as the translation of manga, anime and television to and from Japanese, please visit: www.businessinsider.org.au.


Japanese TV broadcasts, both on-demand and at home, have grown to date and are still available in English and in many other languages. Our audience is over 50 million Japanese-Americans (including over 60% of our English-speaking Japanese base) and over 90% of our audience are from different countries. The growing viewership of our English programming is a very important part of our growth as we compete with new and developing broadcasters for audience in other countries. We will release our next game on the Japanese channel next year and our English content on the Japanese channel in the near future.


There is currently considerable market demand for anime in Britain in the region of 3-4 million per year. We think the audience for an upcoming game of kaijin (Tokyo Ghoul) could be between 25+ to 30 million viewers. We intend to broadcast both the game and all other content in the region in


In 2003 the Japanese TV broadcast company, A-1 (which is still in business), made the following announcement:[4] “This will provide a reliable, and reliable, source of anime content. As for the TV broadcasts, all new content will be made available to our fans for free.”
The Japanese community has long supported A-1 as a premier source of manga, novels and other high quality content for young and old viewers. In order to grow the anime industry, a team from A-1 and other small businesses have developed the latest software that can make new anime programs to be broadcast. As is the case for A-1, there is no limit to the number of Japanese-language TV programs we can produce for our fans.* We will work with those who are willing to work with us to develop our latest game program that will allow us to produce the most popular anime and anime-themed video games in the world, and will work with our other business partners to develop and develop similar program for other people who want to watch and enjoy Japanese-centric anime, such as anime writers, producers and directors.


The English language news and business website, Business Insider, is now open for news dissemination, and the English translation section will be released soon in English. For more information about the English content section, such as the translation of manga, anime and television to and from Japanese, please visit : www.businessinsider.org.au.


The English language news and business website,Business Insider, is now open for news dissemination, and the English translation section will be released soon in English. For more information about the English content section, such as the translation of manga, anime and television to and from Japanese, please visit: www.businessinsider.org.au.


Japanese TV broadcasts, both on-demand and at home, have grown to date and are still available in English and in many other languages. Our audience is over 50 million Japanese-Americans (including over 60% of our English-speaking Japanese base) and over 90% of our audience are from different countries. The growing viewership of our English programming is a very important part of our growth as we compete with new and developing broadcasters for audience in other countries. We will release our next game on the Japanese channel next year and our English content on the Japanese channel in the near future.


There is currently considerable market demand for anime in Britain in the region of 3-4 million per year. We think the audience for an upcoming game of kaijin (Tokyo Ghoul) could be between 25+ to 30 million viewers. We intend to broadcast both the game and all other content in the region in


Anime is release in three ways in Japan: theatrical features, TV series, and OVA (Original Video Animation). OVA is direct – to – video distribution which have been proven to be the successful way to release title in a niche market. The quality is usually quite high, better than TV and often as good, or better than theatrical features. Features are single video product, and OVA may be one or few videos, a TV series is several video and usually 13 or 26 episodes, occasionally longer. Any labeling should indicate which volume a video is within a set as the only other indication may be the description on the package. Because of this type of publishing that comes from comic and enter into the broadcasting makes it becomes one of the unique art that have attract the whole world. Anime not only been known as a child reading stuff but it also become one of the collections and hobby by an adult.


Japanese MangaMany people might say “Manga are Japanese comics, and Anime is the Japanese version of animation. Anime is usually, but not always, the animated version of popular manga.” Thats partially true, but it can be misleading. (Note that “anime” in Japan technically means any animated film, and “manga” is any printed cartoon, but people in the rest of the world take them to mean animated films or comics from Japan.)


First of all, though an outsider might think Japan “stole” comics from the West, this is not true. Japan has been making cartoon art for a very long time (there are humorous ink drawings of animals and caricatured people from hundreds of years ago, bearing striking resemblances to modern manga). True, some aspects of Japanese manga are taken from the West (Osamu Tezuka, the “father” of modern manga, was influenced by Disney and Max Fleisher), but its main features, such as simple lines and stylized features, are distinctly Japanese. It may be that Chinese art had more influence than Western.


Secondly, Japanese manga and Japanese anime come in all types, for all sorts of people. Unlike the U.S., which generally seems to believe that “comics are for kids” (though this has been changing recently), Japanese manga-ka (manga writers) write for everyone from innocent young children to perverted sex-starved men (there is even a category for ex-juvenile delinquent mothers!). But even the kids stuff tends not to be as simple-minded as the American versions (not including intelligent American comics, but more thinking of TV shows). Childrens manga and TV anime shows in Japan will sometimes depict death — while the U.S. (on childrens TV) seems determined to run away from such realities of life (note how the U.S. version of “GoLion” (“Voltron”) deleted all references to one of the protagonists death). And, not surprisingly, much of Japanese manga and Japanese anime includes scenes of students in class or doing homework, or of people working in their offices. The work ethic seems omnipresent in the background. Japanese manga and Japanese anime also tend to portray technology sympathetically, while some U.S. comics seem almost to avoid it, or revile it, or simplify it as much as possible.


A third major difference is the unique Japanese manga and Japanese anime style, which is distinctive and fairly easy to recognize. This is not to say the style is limiting. Within this broad common stylistic ground, each Japanese manga artists technique is distinct and unique. The stereotype is of characters with huge hair and large eyes, but there are many, many variations, from L. Matsumotos seemingly unevenly drawn squash-shaped “ugly” protagonists, to the soft-edged figures in Miyazakis work. And, of course, there is less emphasis on the “superhero” world of the U.S.. In most Japanese manga, the men and women arent necessarily exaggerated extremes of their gender stereotypes, and they wear things other than skin-tight costumes. In fact, Japanese manga and Japanese anime characters tend to have unique and aesthetic tastes in fashion. (Its also true that many modern U.S. comics have thankfully broken this stereotype, and serious-matter cartoonists like Alan Moore or Art Spiegelman have always been around.)


HistoryThe history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in France, Germany, United States and Russia. During the 1970s, anime developed further, separating itself from its roots. This occurred as a result of the growing popularity of manga comics, which were often later animated, especially those of legendary master of the art, Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989). As a result of his work and that of other pioneers in the field, anime developed unique characteristics and genres that are fundamental elements of the


Jana Partners And Agrium Inc. get essay help: get essay help

Jana Partners LlcEssay Preview: Jana Partners LlcReport this essayBackgroundJana Partners LLC is hedge fund based in the US. It is a special type of hedge fund which basically works for change management within organization in order to create shareholder value. If analysis reveals that binging a certain structural change into an organization can unlock potential shareholder value, JANA Partners takes significant position into that organization and tries to drive through their desired change to reap benefits for themselves as well as shareholders.


Agrium Inc. is a major Retail supplier of agricultural products and services in North America, South America and Australia and a wholesale producer and marketer of all three major agricultural nutrients and a supplier of specialty fertilizers in North America.1


Agrium has two business segments, retail & wholesale. The retail division mainly provides products and services through a network of retail centres throughout North America, South America and Australia. The wholesale division is responsible for production of chemical fertilizers.


ProblemSince the summer of 2012, JANA Partners, who is a significant stakeholder in Agrium Inc. had been pushing Agrium to spin off its retail division as their analysis reveals that doing so would unlock tremendous shareholder value. JANA Partners, by the very nature of their organization, try and initiate changes within various organizations and reap benefit from that.


Agrium Inc. board did not agree to the idea of JANA Partners. This resulted in a prolonged battle between JANA and Agrium.In order to drive through their agenda, JANA proposed a new partial slate of directors including JANA Managing Partner Barry Rosenstein and four other independent directors. These four independent directors were offered a percentage of any profit that JANA would earn within the next three years on its Agrium shares.


Agrium raised concerns that such an arrangement would diminish the independence of these directors and that they would rather fight for the issues pursued by JANA rather than work in the benefit of the organization.


Later on, in March 2013, JANA accused Agrium to have made improper payments to its brokers and investment advisors for gaining shareholder votes in favor of the directors nominated by Agrium. The deal was such that for every vote in favor of their nominated directors, Agrium would pay its voting shareholders 25 cents per share. Agrium made this move right before the annual meeting. These sort of methods for rounding up voters is not uncommon or illegal in Canada. But JANA Partners called foul because this would defeat their whole purpose and they would possibly fail to implement their plans within Agrium.


AnalysisFirst, let us identify the agents of this particular case. There are usually two specific types of agents, active agents and passive agents. In this particular case, the active agents are Agrium Inc. board, JANA Partners and the four nominated directors. The passive agents are the shareholders of Agrium Inc.


JANA Partner has a positive motive behind their actions. From the Utilitarian point of view, their actions are ethical as they are doing all of these in order to achieve the maximum benefit for all of Agrium’s shareholders. That is the main theme of Utilitarianism, taking an action in order to maximize the utility of everyone involved. Since JANA Partners believed that spinning off the retail division would generate more value to the shareholders, that is why they had pushed for the change, and when Agrium board did not agree they tried to find a better way to influence the decisions of JANA board by putting in their specially incentivized “independent” directors in the board. But was that the right way to do that?


The Utilitarian view points out that we should not be too quick to follow up a decision to do something. As we say elsewhere, it was only when our individual stakeholders (JANA and other private enterprises) have taken into account that actions have been taken that are being made public. As the Utilitarian theory of morality states in Part 1:


It is better to find just one conclusion and then conclude on something else.


This seems like a great idea. It’s not. In fact the idea, as discussed above, seems to lead to an error in our collective assessment of the value of decisions – the process of “doing no more than you can do” and then “doing much more” (see above) – and it isn’t even close to an optimal decision. The fact that we are getting out of that process with the Utilitarian view means that we will do what we can. In fact, we will probably be able to do the most in more than one particular time. Our decisions will be “done” by some of our biggest and most powerful investors in a meaningful sense, but it won’t be through many individual firms or small-scale businesses. Instead, we will be in a position to share decision making, so that we will reap a very good deal from each investment.


There are two ways of thinking about this process. Let’s use it to illustrate a slightly more efficient case at the end of Part 1. Consider that before our actions go public, most of us expect a number of high-volume acquisitions to happen. For example, some players may include acquisitions that are large enough to potentially be in public and that cost nearly $2 billion. But the big players will not be in the public market (especially if they are private in nature) so that it is possible to acquire the entire deal. And even then, they are still likely to make substantial losses (e.g., buying up shares, increasing their value, or increasing their value by raising the stock price a little), so there are not many good incentives to sell those assets. As the transaction size increases and the value of the assets rises, the larger the expected number of transactions will be. This results in a return to the “public marketplace” and the likelihood of a “low-priced and low-price acquisition” (i.e., at the low end of the range.) And in the public market of scale, this means that our investment can be highly valued.


Now consider another way of approaching this. Consider that the transaction sizes and costs in high-volume acquisitions are smaller and the return to the public market is higher. The bigger the deal, the more likely it will be for a low-cost acquisition to happen and, in this case, the higher volume of acquisitions would be. This means that we can do


The Utilitarian view points out that we should not be too quick to follow up a decision to do something. As we say elsewhere, it was only when our individual stakeholders (JANA and other private enterprises) have taken into account that actions have been taken that are being made public. As the Utilitarian theory of morality states in Part 1:


It is better to find just one conclusion and then conclude on something else.


This seems like a great idea. It’s not. In fact the idea, as discussed above, seems to lead to an error in our collective assessment of the value of decisions – the process of “doing no more than you can do” and then “doing much more” (see above) – and it isn’t even close to an optimal decision. The fact that we are getting out of that process with the Utilitarian view means that we will do what we can. In fact, we will probably be able to do the most in more than one particular time. Our decisions will be “done” by some of our biggest and most powerful investors in a meaningful sense, but it won’t be through many individual firms or small-scale businesses. Instead, we will be in a position to share decision making, so that we will reap a very good deal from each investment.


There are two ways of thinking about this process. Let’s use it to illustrate a slightly more efficient case at the end of Part 1. Consider that before our actions go public, most of us expect a number of high-volume acquisitions to happen. For example, some players may include acquisitions that are large enough to potentially be in public and that cost nearly $2 billion. But the big players will not be in the public market (especially if they are private in nature) so that it is possible to acquire the entire deal. And even then, they are still likely to make substantial losses (e.g., buying up shares, increasing their value, or increasing their value by raising the stock price a little), so there are not many good incentives to sell those assets. As the transaction size increases and the value of the assets rises, the larger the expected number of transactions will be. This results in a return to the “public marketplace” and the likelihood of a “low-priced and low-price acquisition” (i.e., at the low end of the range.) And in the public market of scale, this means that our investment can be highly valued.


Now consider another way of approaching this. Consider that the transaction sizes and costs in high-volume acquisitions are smaller and the return to the public market is higher. The bigger the deal, the more likely it will be for a low-cost acquisition to happen and, in this case, the higher volume of acquisitions would be. This means that we can do


Let’s take a look at the independent directors that JANA had nominated and their moral reasoning. The director of an organization is a person who has direct impact on the major decisions regarding the business. And by contract, his motive should only be directed by the long


Effects Of Marijuana And Brain Functions global history essay help

The Effects of Marijuana on the BrainEssay Preview: The Effects of Marijuana on the BrainReport this essayThe Effects of Marijuana on the BrainChapter Two was very interesting, learning the brain functions, managing thought and the memory process. These chapters made me think about the effects drugs would have on your brain, especially Marijuana.


Marijuana has been illegal for years because of the thought that it was a drug similar to cocaine, or heroin. Drugs such as cocaine and heroin affect the neurotransmitter dopamine. Dopamine is the neurotransmitter associated with extremely pleasurable sensations. If a drug interferes with its production and causes too much to be produced the result is extremely pleasurable and can lead to severe abuse and addiction. It has recently been proven that marijuana is not a drug that affects the production of dopamine.


The average marijuana plant contains over 400 chemicals and when the plant is smoked or vaporized the heat produces many more. Receptors in the nerve cells of the brain receive these chemicals and the chemicals cause the nerve cell to change in some way. The chemical in marijuana that has the biggest impact on the brain is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).


THC receptors are abundant in the brain but they are concentrated in certain areas. One region of the brain where THC receptors are highly concentrated is the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the area of the brain that processes memory. When THC attaches to receptors in the hippocampus, it weakens short-term memory. The hippocampus also communicates with other regions of the brain that process new information into long-term memory. So under the influence of marijuana, new information may never register and be lost from memory completely. There is also a dense concentration of THC receptors in the basal ganglia and the cerebellum. Both of these areas affect movement and coordination. One area that does not contain any THC receptors is the medulla. The medulla controls many functions essential to life such as heart rate and digestion so the lack of receptors in this area has prevented any deadly overdoses of marijuana.


Tolerance


Some studies have shown that users of marijuana at high doses also have some symptoms of tolerance. When using marijuana orally, the liver contains high concentrations of cannabinoids, a substance that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of disease including alcohol and tobacco. These high-dose users also have more tolerance than the typical users who take up drugs to reduce their intake of alcohol and tobacco. Researchers have recently analyzed the THC receptor in a variety of tissue samples, many of which have been found to be potentiating the “tolerance response” reaction. When the THC receptor is taken directly into the blood, it inhibits the “tolerance” response in a brain cell, which in turn inhibits the release of the “tolerance.”


Tolerance is an independent variable on the THC receptor. It is determined by a central mechanism, which is found in that specific group of receptors called CB1 receptors and is the most sensitive to THC. Unlike the central mechanism, the low-level CB1 receptors, which normally contain no receptors, display a specific response, called an “introverted response” called “DTR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)–Mental Responses.” The “DTR (delta complex number) response” is found predominantly in the medulla (central nucleus accumbens). In part, this effect may be explained by THC’s effect on the cannabinoid system through a combination of THC-receptor mediated DTR inhibition and inhibition of DTR binding, resulting in the THC-receptor-mediated tolerance induced by THC. The brain may also lack receptors for cannabinoid receptors. This phenomenon is caused by a decrease in the receptor binding of the CB1 receptor, which has been shown to be an important regulation by THC. This type of effect may be responsible for the fact that some cannabinoids (such as cannabidiol) can be taken even in very heavy doses in a high-dose regimen. Similarly, when there is a small amount of THC in one of its receptors, it may have little effect. This is perhaps because THC binds to the CB1 receptors of the CB1 receptor at a higher concentration than the concentration of other known CB1 receptors, which can reduce this effect.


Biological Causes


In summary, the only possible cause for tolerance is that marijuana exerts an effect on cannabinoid receptors and is known to have other actions related to that fact. It may even produce other effects which make you more sensitive to marijuana.


One study suggests that marijuana induces depression. People who have smoked THC for many years experience a depressive feeling. Those who have not smoke marijuana are more likely to experience a depressive feeling, which is a condition which worsens over time.


Many other studies also have found that people who have tried tobacco have improved mood, but not much. They have been suggested to be depressed since early studies of tobacco use, though the exact cause for this phenomenon is still unknown.


In addition to the main factors identified in these studies, there are also other mechanisms which may be contributing to the condition. THC is one of these substances. In some examples, many of these chemicals may also be present in cannabis (Marijuana, Cannabis and Alcohol). THC may also produce a certain type of neurotoxicity. The neurotoxicity response to THC is one of those that is often discussed as a possible cause of addiction. This is when the response leads to neurotoxic effects on the brain. The body’s own endocannabinoids, the endocannabinoids, can interfere with the endocannabinoids which have been involved in many human diseases for many millions of years. When the endocannabinoids are released into the bloodstream, the endocannabinoids cause the brain to release


1,3…(2),8,10,11,13,14,15. In humans, cannabinoids are involved in a wide range of other brain functions and include pain, anxiety, attention, learning and memory, appetite, appetite reduction, sleep and mood. At the time of onset and response, THC is in action in a wide variety of ways. It’s the active ingredient in marijuana, it comes into contact with certain cells, it has several different molecules that produce a strong odor that increases the potency and will produce a similar effect in humans (Cannabis can also produce a smell. So this causes an endocannabinoid effect that increases its potency of various compounds. THC will lead to the ability of other compounds to exert its effects.


The other mechanism of action of cannabinoids in humans is in a large way mediated by another hormone, hormone-6(C-6)/8(C). In fact, in a more specific form of the brainstem opioid, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, delta-9-THC and/or delta-9-THC have been reported to produce opioid activity. Many scientific studies have also found a dose to be necessary to experience pain. But how often are these effects known? There aren’t much published studies that could confirm the dose-response mechanism. Research has shown that for some pain drugs such as, for example, lp(e) propionate, nadir, fluoroquinolone hydrochloride, pheasant oil, and the fluoroquinolone and a few others, a dose-response mechanism is required. What is the mechanism of action of these cannabinoids? What types of receptors are there? What are their effects on receptors that have not been studied? There’s several possible mechanisms which may be involved. To start with, there’s something called “alpha-endocannabinoid receptors,” which are involved in several different things, for instance: 1) Alpha-endocannabinoids interact with and/or improve the cannabinoid receptor system in a variety of ways and are known as the alpha of the cannabinoid spectrum (AlphaA receptors): 1) they help to regulate our pain response; 2) they increase the number of endogenous receptors that we share with the endogenous receptors; 3) they reduce the number of endogenous receptors that our body requires for our pain response; 4). The number of endogenous receptors that we need for our pain response is known in the animal kingdom as the C-1 receptor which is the receptor for the endogenous pain receptor, also known as the C4 receptor. These extracellular proteins contain a number of different hormones, neurotransmitters and endocrine receptors that play a role in regulating our pain response; this is what alpha-endocannabinoid receptors regulate. The other receptor that alpha-endsocannabinoids regulate is the R-2/B receptor. R-2/B receptors are primarily involved in opioid effects because R-2/B is involved in an opioid response that is also part of the process by which opioids are converted into synthetic opioids, such as morphine


In addition to having significant effects on the brain and impairing memory and coordination, marijuana has effects on other viscera as well. Marijuana causes the heart to beat up to forty times more per minute. This can cause heart attacks or heart failure. Approximately 1% of all heart attack victims suffer their heart attacks on the same day


Renunciation Of Military Forces And Japanese Post War Politics writing an essay help: writing an essay help

Japanese ConstitutionEssay Preview: Japanese ConstitutionReport this essayQuestion; What is the significance of Article 9 in the Japanese Constitution? What are the implications of the moves to change it?IntroductionIt is said that Article 9 of JapanЃfs Constitution has been one of the controversial issue in Japanese post war politics. The so-called Ѓgpeace clauseЃh is also known as most controversial clause, which consists of two paragraphs. The first paragraph declares renunciation of war and the second declares renunciation of military forces and other war potential.


However, Japan has military forces called the Self Defence Forces. To avoid the appearance of militaristic revival, the each department of the forces were named the Ground Self Defence Force, the Maritime Self-Defence Force, and the Air Self-Defence Force, instead of the army, navy, and air force. However, although they do not have long range missiles or nuclear weapons to attack other countries, instead, they are very well equipped and are still one of the most powerful military forces in the world. Therefore, they are virtually no different from other military forces in the world. Certainly possession of these military forces contradicts Article 9 in the constitution. Besides, the Forces were established in 1954, only few years after the Japanese constitution came into force. Consequently, the nation has been contradicting its own constitution for more than 50 years and this has been the subject of controversy.


The Self Defence Force was first established to combat the military power of Japan in 1952. Following the establishment of the Self Defence Forces, the military forces were trained in different parts of the country from the time when the Self Defence Force was formed for the Japan-Goruba Conflict and the Vietnam War. Although it is clear that the forces have been training in different parts of the country for nearly 300 years, there is a strong possibility that the Japanese military force and the Self Defence Forces of Korea were still training in different parts of Korea during the Korean War period. Therefore, while the Self Defence Forces in the country are no longer training at different parts of Korea, the Self Defence Forces of South Korea had been training in Korea during the Korea-Pom-Choa Conflict in 1958, which was the time when the Armed Forces was formed. Since the Korean-Pom-Choa conflict had erupted in Korea after the end of the Korean War, the Self Defence Force had to establish and provide all facilities around a military base. Although most of the Self Defence Forces of South Korea were fighting in Korea for many years, it was decided that the Self Defence Forces would be more of an organized and independent military force that would work together only on an individual basis. These arrangements changed during the 1960s and 1970s when the Self Defence Force changed its military training to the military training training of a single unit of the National Guard and the Self Defence Force of the People’s Republic of Korea. The Self Defence Force changed to a system where its members were only employed only for training or to do other duty.


The Self Defence Forces of the Republic of Korea have been practicing for many years because of the great power that it represents. They practice because of the military strength of the country as well as because it is an important military state. For example, while they work together for self defence, the Self Defence Forces of South Korea conduct their own special military drills as well. However, it isn’t until 2002 and later, when the People’s Republic of Korea reorganized into a separate military force from the Korean Military Government (PKI), that their drills are completely different. The Military Forces of the Republic of Korea use their own special training exercises to train the personnel in the armed forces to better support their military power. A military force which receives the training from the military force of this Country is called an army. For example, when the military force of this country is organized into two separate military forces, which consist of the Self Defence Forces in the South, they train each other. Moreover, the Self Defence Forces of the Korea, as well as other special branches of the Military Force (such as the Army and Korea Railway Force, as well as the People’s Republic of Korea, the People’s Republic of China or the Army of Mongolia), will teach each other the special military training. This provides the special training to help train its officers more effectively and its training officer to understand the special forces. However, it is said that the military force of this country used its private training activities which are not the same as military training activities with its own special military forces and separate national forces when constructing such a military and national structure.


The special military training and training exercises of the Military Forces of Korea have been the subject of controversy and controversy again since it became clear the Armed Forces in the Country had decided to disband. The reasons are that the Armed Forces of this Country did not want to face the loss of its current armed forces, the loss of its military bases, and the loss of the strength of the Korean National Government. It would be inappropriate for the Armed Forces of this Country to remain active in an armed


The Self Defence Force was first established to combat the military power of Japan in 1952. Following the establishment of the Self Defence Forces, the military forces were trained in different parts of the country from the time when the Self Defence Force was formed for the Japan-Goruba Conflict and the Vietnam War. Although it is clear that the forces have been training in different parts of the country for nearly 300 years, there is a strong possibility that the Japanese military force and the Self Defence Forces of Korea were still training in different parts of Korea during the Korean War period. Therefore, while the Self Defence Forces in the country are no longer training at different parts of Korea, the Self Defence Forces of South Korea had been training in Korea during the Korea-Pom-Choa Conflict in 1958, which was the time when the Armed Forces was formed. Since the Korean-Pom-Choa conflict had erupted in Korea after the end of the Korean War, the Self Defence Force had to establish and provide all facilities around a military base. Although most of the Self Defence Forces of South Korea were fighting in Korea for many years, it was decided that the Self Defence Forces would be more of an organized and independent military force that would work together only on an individual basis. These arrangements changed during the 1960s and 1970s when the Self Defence Force changed its military training to the military training training of a single unit of the National Guard and the Self Defence Force of the People’s Republic of Korea. The Self Defence Force changed to a system where its members were only employed only for training or to do other duty.


The Self Defence Forces of the Republic of Korea have been practicing for many years because of the great power that it represents. They practice because of the military strength of the country as well as because it is an important military state. For example, while they work together for self defence, the Self Defence Forces of South Korea conduct their own special military drills as well. However, it isn’t until 2002 and later, when the People’s Republic of Korea reorganized into a separate military force from the Korean Military Government (PKI), that their drills are completely different. The Military Forces of the Republic of Korea use their own special training exercises to train the personnel in the armed forces to better support their military power. A military force which receives the training from the military force of this Country is called an army. For example, when the military force of this country is organized into two separate military forces, which consist of the Self Defence Forces in the South, they train each other. Moreover, the Self Defence Forces of the Korea, as well as other special branches of the Military Force (such as the Army and Korea Railway Force, as well as the People’s Republic of Korea, the People’s Republic of China or the Army of Mongolia), will teach each other the special military training. This provides the special training to help train its officers more effectively and its training officer to understand the special forces. However, it is said that the military force of this country used its private training activities which are not the same as military training activities with its own special military forces and separate national forces when constructing such a military and national structure.


The special military training and training exercises of the Military Forces of Korea have been the subject of controversy and controversy again since it became clear the Armed Forces in the Country had decided to disband. The reasons are that the Armed Forces of this Country did not want to face the loss of its current armed forces, the loss of its military bases, and the loss of the strength of the Korean National Government. It would be inappropriate for the Armed Forces of this Country to remain active in an armed


Some insist that it is for the sake of world peace to change the constitution so that Japan is able to maintain military forces and deploy them overseas, while others severely criticise this movement as a revival of militarism. Ultimately, Japan has to either, dissolve the SDF, or change the constitution for the first time since it was adopted, to be free from the prolonged and controversial contradiction.


Historical backgroundSoon after the defeat in World War Two, Japan was occupied by the United States (US) and other Allied Forces. Being fostered by the US, the new Japanese constitution came into force in 1947. However, in 1950, just three years after the constitution was issued, the Korean War broke out. Even though war took place in a neighbour country, Japan was virtually helpless to guarantee the nationЃfs external security. Therefore, Japan needed to have a defence relationship with the US. At the same time, the US wanted to build military bases just in front of Korea and the Soviet Union (USSR) because the war was about the Cold War, so to speak the opposition between the USSR and the US. As a result, with the encouragement of the US, the Japanese government authorized the establishment of the National Police Reserve, which would become the Self Defence Forces in a short time. Therefore, the government interpreted Article 9 as allowing for military forces for defensive purposes. In 1951, Japan entered into the Japan-US Security Treaty and Japan accepted the presence of US military forces within the nation. This is to say, from an USЃfs standpoint, the formation of military forces in Japan after World War Two was one of USЃfs anticommunism policies. However, antimilitaristic public opinion remained as a strong force in the nation and the constitutional legitimacy of the SDF was challenged many times.


InterpretationsSince the SDF was formed, the Japanese government has been expanding its interpretation on Article 9 so that the Self Defence Forces can participate in overseas peacekeeping activities.


Concretely, in 1992, the National Diet passed a United Nation(UN)Ѓfs Peacekeeping Cooperation Law which permitted the SDF to participate in UNЃfs peacekeeping operations under strictly limited conditions. Under the law, the forces were sent to Cambodia and Mozambique to participate in peacekeeping operations, which were actually appreciated and valued internationally.


Self-Defence Forces in IraqHowever, in 2004, The Koizumi cabinet decided to send troops to Iraq at the request from the US under the new law called Humanitarian Relief and Iraqi Reconstruction Special Measures Law. The SDF was sent in order to assist the US-led occupation of Iraq, participating in peacekeeping operation over the country. This deployment is considered as a significant turning point in the history of Japanese post-war politics as it is the first time since the end of World War Two that Japan sent troops abroad except for a few UN peacekeeping deployments. The deployment of troops to the battlefield was still not permitted under the new law and troops were to solely take part in police action However, the Iraqi territory all over could potentially be a battlefield and it is possible the troops engage in fight, which will contradict both of the two paragraphs in Article 9; renunciation of war and war potential. Public opinion regarding the deployment of troops to Iraq has divided the country sharply. 54 percent of respondents to a survey by Mainichi Shinbun, Japanese popular news paper, said they were opposed to Japan taking part in the war, while 33% approved it.


It must be noted that Japans military forces are constitutionally structured under the expanded interpretation of Article 9 which allows only defence-dedicated military forces. Therefore, The Democratic Party, the major opposition party, as well as many people criticize the law severely and insist that it is unconstitutional to simply deploy troops abroad.


Movement to amend Article 9In response to increasing public opinion regarding the deployment as an unconstitutional act, in 2005, the Liberal Democratic Party(LDP), the ruling party led by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, proposed an amendment to the current constitution in order to have military forces constitutionally and increase their roles in international affairs.


In the proposed draft, first paragraph of Article 9, renouncing war, is retained. The second paragraph, forbidding Ѓgthe maintenance of land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential” is replaced by an article which permits a “defence forces” and their


participation in international activities. This new article uses the Japanese term “Gun” which means army or military forces, and has been avoided in the current constitution since this word is sometimes associated with militarism or war. So, in the proposed draft, Self Defence Forces were changed into Self Defence Army. However, on the whole, by retaining the renunciation of war, the draft does respect the original intent of Article 9.


As mentioned, the Japanese government has been expanding the interpretation of article


Effects Of Bottled Water And Bottled Water custom essay help

The Effects of Bottled Water and Tap Water on Corn PlantsEssay Preview: The Effects of Bottled Water and Tap Water on Corn PlantsReport this essayThe Effects of Bottled Water and Tap Water on Corn PlantsDelcia Ogle and Sarah PointerIntroductionDo corn plants grow better using bottled water or tap water? According to the NRDC (1) most of the bottled water that they tested were free of contaminants. The FDA (2) has set regulations specifically for bottled water to make sure that the water they buy is safe. When producing bottled water the distributors must follow the current good manufacturing practices (CGMP) regulations that are made and enforced by the FDA. The water must be sampled, analyzed, and ensured to be safe and free of contaminants. Other regulations include that they use the proper equipment, bottling procedures, and recordkeeping. The FDA also oversees and inspects the plants regularly. Bottled water is made and monitored specifically for human consumption. Stephen Kay, vice president of the IBWA, says member bottlers are selling the quality, consistency and safety that bottled water promises. Thornley, of the Minnesota Department of Health, says consumers can expect bottled water to be safe and clean. When Luins Williams, owner of Premier Label Water Company, was asked about tap water he exclaimed “What are you, suicidal? Would you really take a glass, put it under the tap where you live and drink that? The city puts chlorine in it, but other than that its still filthy. (3) So we have come to predict that corn plants will grow better in bottled water than tap water. Also, it is predicted that the number of seeds germinated and days to germination will be shorter for the plants grown with bottled water.


Materials and MethodsThe corn plants were placed in a jiffy garden soil. The plants were covered with a plastic covering to produce a green house effects. In total there were sixty plants. Every other day at 3:30 p.m. the plants were watered. Half were watered with bottled water and the other half were watered with tap water. The bottled water brand that was used was Aquafina. The amount of water was two sprays from the water bottle per each plant. The plants were kept in the same condition. This was to ensure that light exposure and temperature were the same for each plant groups. All plants were grown in the same jiffy garden soil. The type of corn seeds were the same for each group. Therefore, each group was grown in the same environment. The following day upon planting the corn seeds they were checked each day and it was recorded how many seeds germinated in each group. Then every two days each plants height was measured. Then the


diluted crop and the crop after plant training were placed. The same three group after the training and the crop was placed in the nursery. The seeds were placed under a microscope.


Lets see… In the third class the Corn Seeds are placed under a microscope.


A group of young corn seed was planted and planted under a microscope. The seed were prepared for cultivation by hand using a thin cardboard cut sheet (1-5 mm diameter or 1.5 inches in diameter) and the seeds were placed. The seeds were put under a microscope. The seed were prepared as follows:


Insect perfume as a measure of the depth of the skin.


Fungus as a measure of the perforation of the leaves of the plants.


Tannin as a measure of the perforation of the seeds of the plants.


Tannin and a water bottle that was used were used to cover the whole of the corn plant. The only two containers were used and the seeds were placed under a microscope.


Lets see how plants produce, process, etc…


So how many seeds are in each group? What is the average amount?


The average seed production of these young corn seeds consisted of:


• Twenty seeds from each plant group


• Four seedlings of each group


The average number of seeds grown the following day would be: 2 seeds


• Three seeds from each plant group


• Two seeds for each plant group


Each group produced up to 50 seeds per plant group and divided them up into smaller groups by a certain percentage.


Plants and plants and plants.


For any given number of seeds that would produce 3 seeds the plants were divided in half. The amount of seeds planted in each group (if any) (and the amount of seedlings divided by this) is:


• Twenty 4 seeds


• Four seeds from each plant group


• One seed from each plant group


• Five seeds from each plant group


Then the average generation time in each group was 4 (3 seconds for each of the plants).


There were 20 different plants.


So What are the values used to represent a value? How does this difference affect crop performance?


Different farmers use different methods to measure and define crop performance. A number of techniques may be used to define crop performance. In general the best way to describe crop performance is to calculate it in terms of the crop weights. For example the following yields are possible using the number of seeds per plant group:


2 seeds from one plant group: 2 seeds taken from each group of the same crop: 4 seeds


2 seeds taken from one crop group for each of the three generations: 4 seeds from each seed of each crop group: 3 seeds


However, not all crop weight combinations are used to calculate crop performance. One method of producing only those seed weights with the number of seeds per crop group (e.g. 2 seeds taken from one crop group or 3 seeds taken from one crop group for each crop group) is to calculate all the crops in each group (using yield weights from different groups of seeds). Thus crop performance is calculated by multiplying the yield weights of the crops in the group by the number of seeds each crop group produces.


In practice this yields a better score for each crop group.


A few other crops and their seed weights can be used to compute crop performance.


To calculate yield weights for each crop group the following method was used:


4 seed of one crop group: 20 seeds taken from each group


diluted crop and the crop after plant training were placed. The same three group after the training and the crop was placed in the nursery. The seeds were placed under a microscope.


Lets see… In the third class the Corn Seeds are placed under a microscope.


A group of young corn seed was planted and planted under a microscope. The seed were prepared for cultivation by hand using a thin cardboard cut sheet (1-5 mm diameter or 1.5 inches in diameter) and the seeds were placed. The seeds were put under a microscope. The seed were prepared as follows:


Insect perfume as a measure of the depth of the skin.


Fungus as a measure of the perforation of the leaves of the plants.


Tannin as a measure of the perforation of the seeds of the plants.


Tannin and a water bottle that was used were used to cover the whole of the corn plant. The only two containers were used and the seeds were placed under a microscope.


Lets see how plants produce, process, etc…


So how many seeds are in each group? What is the average amount?


The average seed production of these young corn seeds consisted of:


• Twenty seeds from each plant group


• Four seedlings of each group


The average number of seeds grown the following day would be: 2 seeds


• Three seeds from each plant group


• Two seeds for each plant group


Each group produced up to 50 seeds per plant group and divided them up into smaller groups by a certain percentage.


Plants and plants and plants.


For any given number of seeds that would produce 3 seeds the plants were divided in half. The amount of seeds planted in each group (if any) (and the amount of seedlings divided by this) is:


• Twenty 4 seeds


• Four seeds from each plant group


• One seed from each plant group


• Five seeds from each plant group


Then the average generation time in each group was 4 (3 seconds for each of the plants).


There were 20 different plants.


So What are the values used to represent a value? How does this difference affect crop performance?


Different farmers use different methods to measure and define crop performance. A number of techniques may be used to define crop performance. In general the best way to describe crop performance is to calculate it in terms of the crop weights. For example the following yields are possible using the number of seeds per plant group:


2 seeds from one plant group: 2 seeds taken from each group of the same crop: 4 seeds


2 seeds taken from one crop group for each of the three generations: 4 seeds from each seed of each crop group: 3 seeds


However, not all crop weight combinations are used to calculate crop performance. One method of producing only those seed weights with the number of seeds per crop group (e.g. 2 seeds taken from one crop group or 3 seeds taken from one crop group for each crop group) is to calculate all the crops in each group (using yield weights from different groups of seeds). Thus crop performance is calculated by multiplying the yield weights of the crops in the group by the number of seeds each crop group produces.


In practice this yields a better score for each crop group.


A few other crops and their seed weights can be used to compute crop performance.


To calculate yield weights for each crop group the following method was used:


4 seed of one crop group: 20 seeds taken from each group


Users Personality And Major Drugs a level english language essay help

The Effects of Lsd

Essay Preview: The Effects of Lsd

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LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is one of the major drugs making up the hallucinogen class. LSD was discovered in 1938 and is one of the most potent mood-changing chemicals. It is manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.


LSD, commonly referred to as “acid,” is sold on the street in tablets, capsules, and, occasionally, liquid form. It is odorless, colorless, and has a slightly bitter taste and is usually taken by mouth. Often LSD is added to absorbent paper, such as blotter paper, and divided into small decorated squares, with each square representing one dose.


The Drug Enforcement Administration reports that the strength of LSD samples obtained currently from illicit sources ranges from 20 to 80 micrograms of LSD per dose. This is considerably less than the levels reported during the 1960s and early 1970s, when the dosage ranged from 100 to 200 micrograms, or higher, per unit


The effects of LSD are unpredictable. They depend on the amount taken; the users personality, mood, and expectations; and the surroundings in which the drug is used. Usually, the user feels the first effects of the drug 30 to 90 minutes after taking it. The physical effects include dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, and tremors.


Sensations and feelings change much more dramatically than the physical signs. The user may feel several different emotions at once or swing rapidly from one emotion to another. If taken in a large enough dose, the drug produces delusions and visual hallucinations. The users sense of time and self changes. Sensations may seem to “cross over,” giving the user the feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds. These changes can be frightening and can cause panic.


Users refer to their experience with LSD as a “trip” and to acute adverse reactions as a “bad trip.” These experiences are long; typically they begin to clear after about 12 hours.


Some LSD users experience severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control, fear of insanity and death, and despair while using LSD. Some fatal accidents have occurred during states of LSD intoxication.


Many LSD users experience flashbacks, recurrence of certain aspects of a persons experience, without the


Emotional Brain And Considerable Progress write essay help: write essay help

The Emotional Brain, Fear, and the Amygdala

Essay Preview: The Emotional Brain, Fear, and the Amygdala

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The Emotional Brain, Fear, and the Amygdala

SUMMARY

1. Considerable progress has beenmadeover the past 20 years in relating specific circuits

of the brain to emotional functions. Much of this work has involved studies of Pavlovian

or classical fear conditioning, a behavioral procedure that is used to couple meaningless

environmental stimuli to emotional (defense) response networks.

2. The major conclusion from studies of fear conditioning is that the amygdala plays

critical role in linking external stimuli to defense responses.

3. Before describing research on the role of the amygdala in fear conditioning, though,

it will be helpful to briefly examine the historical events that preceded modern research on

conditioned fear.

KEYWORDS: emotion; amygdala; limbio system; fear.

THE EMOTIONAL BRAIN IN PERSPECTIVE

In the early part of the twentieth century, researchers identified the hypothalamus

as a key structure in the control of the autonomic nervous system (Karplus and

Kreidl, 1927). On the basis of these early observations, and their own work (Cannon

and Britton, 1925), Cannon and Bard proposed a hypothalamic theory of emotion

that consisted of three major points: (1) the hypothalamus evaluates the emotional

relevance of environmental events; (2) the expression of emotional responses is

mediated by the discharge of impulses from the hypothalamus to the brainstem;

(3) projections from the hypothalamus to the cortex mediate the conscious experience

of emotion (Bard, 1928; Cannon, 1929). In 1937 Papez added additional anatomical

circuits in the forebrain to the theory, but retained the central role of ascending

and descending connections of the hypothalamus. The Papez theory, in turn, was

extended by MacLean (1949, 1952), who called the forebrain emotional circuits the

visceral brain, and later, the limbic system.

Although the term limbic system is still used to refer to the emotional circuits of

the brain, the limbic system theory has come under attack on several grounds (see

Brodal, 1980; Kotter and Meyer, 1992; LeDoux, 1987, 1991, 1996; Swanson, 1983).

1 Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York.

2To whom correspondence should be addressed at Center for Neural Science, New York University, New

York; e-mail: [email protected]

0272-4340/03/1000-0727/0 CÐo 2003 Plenum Publishing Corporation

728 LeDoux

First, there are no widely accepted criteria for deciding what is and what is not a

limbic area. Second, however defined, the limbic system theory does not explain

how the brain makes emotions. It points to a broad area of the forebrain located

roughly between the neocortex and hypothalamus, but does not account for how

specific aspects of any given emotion might be mediated.

The amygdala was part of the MacLean’s limbic system theory. However, it did

not stand out as an especially important limbic area until 1956 when Weiskrantz

showed that the emotional components of the so-called Kluver and Bucy syndrome

(Kluver and Bucy, 1937), a constellation of behavioral consequences of temporal lobe

damage, were due to the involvement of the of the amygdala. Weiskrantz proposed

that amygdala lesions dissociate the affective or reinforcing properties of stimuli

from their sensory representations.

THE AMYGDALA AND FEAR CONDITIONING

In the years following Weiskrantz’s publication, a number of studies pursued

the role of the amygdala in fear by using a variety of different approaches. However,

no consistent conclusions emerged, in large part because complex behavioral

tasks that varied considerably from study to study were used. In short, there was

little appreciation that different emotional tasks would be mediated by the brain in

unique ways. Then, in the late 1970s and early 80s, researchers began using a simple

behavioral task, Pavlovian fear conditioning, to study fear networks. This made all

the difference.

In Pavlovian fear conditioning, an emotionally neutral conditioned stimulus

(CS), usually a tone, is presented in conjunction with an averisve unconditioned

stimulus (US), often footshock. After one or several pairings, the CS acquires the

capacity to elicit responses that typically occur in the presence of danger, such as

defensive behavior (freezing or escape responses), autonomic nervous system responses

(changes in blood pressure and heart rate), neuroendocrine responses (release

of hormones from the pituitary and adrenal glands), etc. The responses are not

learned and are not voluntary. They are innate, species-typical responses to threats


Part Of Many Japanese People And Japanese People global history essay help

Japanese ReligionEssay Preview: Japanese ReligionReport this essay“In Japan, religion is more of a culture thing than something that draws followers.It is omnipresent but not overpowering.”Religion is part of many Japanese peoples daily lives; although for some it is merely part of their culture. Unlike, most Japanese people follow two religions, Shinto and Buddhism, were as the majority of Australians follow one religion. There are four most important things that Japanese people that follow the Shinto religion respect and remember these are; firstly, the tradition of family, this is very important especially with events such as births and weddings. Secondly, nature and how it brings them closer to the gods and their ancestral spirits, many natural objects are said to have gods and are worshiped as sacred spirits. Thirdly, “Matsuri”: the worship of Kami, their gods and their ancestors, and last, physical cleanliness; many Shinto followers take many baths and wash their hands often.


Generally Japanese people follow two religions, Shinto and Buddhism. Many weddings are performed by Shinto priests and the funerals are performed by Buddhist priests. The two religions are even joined together by their gods so that in Shinto, Buddha is an important god and in Buddhism, Kami (God) are also important gods (although they are not as important as their own gods).


Shinto is an ancient Japanese religion that joins together the entire daily life so that it does not seem like it is being forced on anyone it is just part of life. Unlike other religions Shinto has no real founder and has no real religious law. There are four things that people who follow the Shinto belief uphold. The first is their love for nature. To many Japanese people nature is sacred; to be close to nature is to be close to the gods and their ancestral spirits. Nearly every object in nature has a god, like there is a rock god and a tree god. Many Japanese people pray to these gods for safe journeys among other things. The second is tradition and family, this is very important to Japanese people, especially in events such as births and weddings because these are the two most important family related celebrations. Many Japanese


are in no hurry to find such things as love on the other hand, you can find a lot of them here. The third is spirituality. Many Japanese people revere spirituality, a traditional Japanese belief in reincarnation, which is the theory behind all modern religions. The thought of reincarnation is the same but some of these religious teachings may be true. The fourth is respect for history and history books. Often the earliest tradition of a religious movement can be found in the ancient Indian society. It may take people a long time to find such a religion, so we really want to provide this for you in Japan.


In a perfect world, people would be free to go back to their homes and to follow their tradition! So I think you will find this really unique experience in Japan.


We are looking for a group of Shinto followers who are willing to share their knowledge and experiences.


Why are we looking for a group of Shinto people?


We want a group who like to experience the beauty of nature


Shinto is an ancient Japanese religion


Many of us are Japanese but we also love nature for its unique and amazing quality. For us it is the only real religion. And while there is no real Japanese religion besides a very few traditional religions people share this feeling we want to give people the chance to become happy and fulfilled in the natural world while also expressing the feeling that nature is not always beautiful. Also we believe that when we love a Japanese people we believe in their beautiful body and spirit too. You can find some good pictures from Shinto Sites which are great examples of Shinto. Some of the pictures look really good and we just can’t find them on other places. In fact if we want to find something that works the perfect way on this site we simply can’t find it on there so we just have to let that stand just for us!


When searching for groups, our idea is to think and come up with ideas. Not only that we want to share our experience with you then we even offer to take your photos into your group so you can learn as much about us and why we should be there and why the day is important to you.


The group consists of:


1) a good Shinto camera that can capture pictures of different areas of Nature and Shinto for you


2) a Shinto watch that will guide you through the various aspects of our environment you will not be able to miss if you only wish to see them on a daily scale


3) a smartphone that can capture your Shinto experience on the go


4) your heart. In this way you will truly feel connected to nature, to nature in general and the other things in nature.


There will also be a lot of information about the Shinto religious and philosophical teachings you can find here.


In order to share your experiences and let people share their knowledge and experiences we have been looking for a group of Shinto Shinto people so there will be lots of new members for each of us. If we can help you guys out we can send you our photo(s) here or the pictures of those who will give back as much information in the future as possible about this group so you don’t miss out.


We are always looking


are in no hurry to find such things as love on the other hand, you can find a lot of them here. The third is spirituality. Many Japanese people revere spirituality, a traditional Japanese belief in reincarnation, which is the theory behind all modern religions. The thought of reincarnation is the same but some of these religious teachings may be true. The fourth is respect for history and history books. Often the earliest tradition of a religious movement can be found in the ancient Indian society. It may take people a long time to find such a religion, so we really want to provide this for you in Japan.


In a perfect world, people would be free to go back to their homes and to follow their tradition! So I think you will find this really unique experience in Japan.


We are looking for a group of Shinto followers who are willing to share their knowledge and experiences.


Why are we looking for a group of Shinto people?


We want a group who like to experience the beauty of nature


Shinto is an ancient Japanese religion


Many of us are Japanese but we also love nature for its unique and amazing quality. For us it is the only real religion. And while there is no real Japanese religion besides a very few traditional religions people share this feeling we want to give people the chance to become happy and fulfilled in the natural world while also expressing the feeling that nature is not always beautiful. Also we believe that when we love a Japanese people we believe in their beautiful body and spirit too. You can find some good pictures from Shinto Sites which are great examples of Shinto. Some of the pictures look really good and we just can’t find them on other places. In fact if we want to find something that works the perfect way on this site we simply can’t find it on there so we just have to let that stand just for us!


When searching for groups, our idea is to think and come up with ideas. Not only that we want to share our experience with you then we even offer to take your photos into your group so you can learn as much about us and why we should be there and why the day is important to you.


The group consists of:


1) a good Shinto camera that can capture pictures of different areas of Nature and Shinto for you


2) a Shinto watch that will guide you through the various aspects of our environment you will not be able to miss if you only wish to see them on a daily scale


3) a smartphone that can capture your Shinto experience on the go


4) your heart. In this way you will truly feel connected to nature, to nature in general and the other things in nature.


There will also be a lot of information about the Shinto religious and philosophical teachings you can find here.


In order to share your experiences and let people share their knowledge and experiences we have been looking for a group of Shinto Shinto people so there will be lots of new members for each of us. If we can help you guys out we can send you our photo(s) here or the pictures of those who will give back as much information in the future as possible about this group so you don’t miss out.


We are always looking


Participants Mood And Much Research college admission essay help: college admission essay help

The Effects of Different Coloured Lighting and Ambience on MoodEssay Preview: The Effects of Different Coloured Lighting and Ambience on MoodReport this essayAbstractThis study was conducted to determine the combined effects of coloured lighting and ambient sound on mood. 48 psychology undergraduates, comprising of 38 females and ten males, took part in this study. This study is a 2×2 between subjects design. The coloured lightings used in this study are blue and yellow combined with the ambient sound of вЂ?city’ and вЂ?nature’ whereas mood was measured with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). We discovered that coloured lighting had no significant effect on mood as opposed to our hypothesis. The results from this study showed that only the ambient sound affected participants mood.


Skeptic psychologist, Dr Paul Eberhard (a.k.a. ‘Cai’ and ‘Caiy’) commented: “If we want to know whether a new topic is something that affects others, like how to deal with people or how to stay with a loved one, you will look at a topic for hours or days on end in one study and only then when you decide to try looking for answers will it be taken up.” However, he added: “In the real world we always want a good explanation or a solution, so the whole question can be answered.”As a result of having experienced a lot of the effects of different colours/hues, to learn more about how this is possible for people, please follow me on Twitter . Thanks for reading my article: ‘Likes in a Mood: A Study on Visualizing Mood by Mapping Mood Indicators and Using Multiple Empirical Tests’ by Eben A. Eberhard, B.L. (Cai): Psychology of Mind, Culture, and Society, 2006. A review of 19 studies.


The effects of different coloured lighting and ambience on mood.This research aims to discover to what extent the combined effects of coloured lighting and ambient sound affects mood. Not much research has been conducted on the combined effects of colored lighting and ambient sound on mood instead; most researches focused either on lighting or ambient sound. Two types of ambient sound are used in this research. They are “city” ambience and “nature” ambience. By using these two types of sound, we hope to emulate environmental sounds from most cities and natures in a laboratory setting. The types of coloured lighting that are used in this research are yellow and blue. Yellow is often associated with being cheerful and blue is associated with comfort and security (Ballast, 2002; Wexner, 1982, cited in Naz Kaya, 2004), but blue is also shown to have a depressing effect. From a non-scientific point of view, in an interview posted on The New York Times the creator of the television series CSI: New York, Anthony Zuiker claimed that the blue tint used throughout the show caused audiences to feel depressed and as a result, caused the show’s ratings to drop.


A research conducted by Vastfjall(2002) to study noise annoyance by exposing the participants to a recording of a hand-held machine saw, showed that the sound affected participants’ moods and degrees of annoyance. The researcher measured participants’ mood and degrees of annoyance with questionnaires. This research is similar to our research as we are also exposing the participants to sound and measuring their moods with questionnaire. Participants’ responses relating to mood in Vastfjall’s(2002) experiment might also be similar to ours as exposure to the sound might cause participants to display similar responses.


A study to discover the relationship between colour and emotion was conducted by Kaya & Epps (2004). This research took place in a university and involved its students. Participants in their experiment were required to answer a questionnaire while looking at individual computer screens, displaying several different randomly sorted colours. The results from their experiment showed that blue made most of the participants in their experiment felt relaxed, calm, happy, comfortable, and other related positive feelings but for a small portion of the participants, blue made them felt depressed, and made them felt other negative responses. Yellow caused participants to feel lively and energetic and evoked positive emotions such as happiness. This experiment is related to ours as we had predicted as a hypothesis, that blue might elicit negative attributes of mood in participants and yellow might cause participants to elicit positive attributes of mood.


Butryn & Furst (2003) conducted a study on the effects of environmental settings on mood. Participants in their research consisted entirely of female runners, who were required to run four miles in two types of settings, which are a park setting and an urban setting. In this research, Butryn & Furst associated the park setting with nature and greenery and the urban setting with cities. The results from their research showed that there were no differences in results between the two settings. This research is slightly similar to ours except that ours will be taking place in a laboratory while emulating a city setting and nature setting using sounds and coloured lighting.


Stansfeld, Berglund, Clark, Lopez-Barrio, et al (2005) conducted a study on aircraft and road traffic noise on children’s cognition and health. The researchers selected the schools based on their proximity to airports and traffic routes in Spain. They measured the levels of noise the participants faced during their presence in school and conducted tests to determine its effects on health, perception of noise and annoyance using questionnaires. They discovered that aircraft and road traffic noise caused the participants to participants increased levels of annoyance. This research is related to our research as participants in our research will also be exposed to road traffic sounds in the �city’ setting.


The authors have provided details on their research at the AO3A6 World University Press/Folktronic Research Foundation Meeting in Paris and have written ‘Determination of a Randomized Controlled Trial Study for the Treatment of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.


The trial involved a cohort of adults aged between 16 and 80 years at 12 major airports (São Paulo, Sao Paulo Ólodica, Bogota, Porto Alegre, Palermo – O.O.), including the airports of Madrid, Barcelona, Barcelona City and Bogota, and at airports with a wide network of commercial airways (Nasir, Málaga, L’Ivoire) over a short period of time in different European regions. The study was approved by the Spanish Inter-Partisan Commission and carried out in accordance with article 12 of the Spanish Health and Safety Standards. The study objective was to determine the effect of an urban airway on the general functioning of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which was an ongoing form of childhood problems characterized by a poor sense of smell, hearing and taste that often includes a lack of food or water. The study’s design was to investigate whether airway noise at airports affected cognition, and the impact was evaluated across time and locations of large commercial airports in Ootuçe region.


Because the results from our study are preliminary we are not releasing our findings until they have been reported publicly. We encourage the public to read and agree those included in the research before publishing their findings.



The authors also provide detailed explanation of the study and their design. The details of the study are subject to additional publication. The research team is headed by Prof. Alain Lefèvre and has been supported by grants from the Fédération Scientific de la Cite. The abstract of this report was published in the October 2013 issue of EMBAR Press/EASER. Also present in this report were the authors at the AO3A6 World University Press/Folktronic Research Foundation Meeting in Paris, the authors at the AO3A6 World University Press/Folktronic Research Foundation Meeting in Potsdam and the authors at the European Commission and the European Communities Government’s National Institute of Health and Education Research (EIESR). Both members of the European Parliament and the European Parliament also gave this report and other papers: The Editorial Board


The European Parliament


Mentioned in Daniel Vastfjall’s research, Peterson & Aniansson (1998), as cited in Vastfjall, 2002 discovered that in relation to mood, the “dimensions of pleasantness and activation decreased significantly” after participants were exposed to 2 hours of traffic noise. We hope to achieve similar results in our experiment by exposing the participants to just approximately ten minutes of city sound that contains elements of traffic noises.


In this research, we aim to discover the combined effects of ambient sound and coloured lighting on mood. We were unable to find precise past research pertaining to our area of research but we managed to obtain closely similar studies involved in each separate variable. We hope that this research will be a first of its kind study in this particular area, and to the best of our knowledge, all other past researches did not focus on the combined effects of ambient sound and coloured lighting on mood, but merely focused on either ambient sound or coloured lighting and its effects on mood.


We hypothesized that; participants under the exposure of yellow lighting and city ambience will score higher in negative attributes which indicates negative mood, participants under the exposure of blue lighting and nature ambience will score higher in positive attributes which indicates positive mood, participants under the exposure of yellow lighting and nature ambience will score evenly in both negative and positive attributes which indicates mixed feelings, participants under the exposure of blue lighting and city ambience will score higher in negative attributes which indicates negative mood.


MethodParticipants


Japanese Internment Camps And United States free essay help: free essay help

Japanese Internment CampsEssay Preview: Japanese Internment CampsReport this essayJapanese Internment CampsThe Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Many Americans were afraid of another attack, so the state representatives pressured President Roosevelt to do something about the Japanese who were living in the United States at the time. President Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066 which allowed local military commanders to designate military areas as exclusion zones, from which any or all persons may be excluded. Twelve days later, this was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire Pacific coast. This included all of California and most of Oregon and Washington. Executive Order No. 966 does not mention detention of Japanese specifically, but was used exclusively against the Japanese. (Ferrante pg. 97)


[…]


One of the major military reasons the Japanese were never held at Pearl Harbor was that Japanese military units had to make it back. In March 1942, the Japanese Army was accused of violating the “separation agreements” of the East India Company and the Bureaus which allowed for Japanese internment there. In August of that year, the U.S. Army made an inspection report on this situation. The official records in this period say the United States Army conducted a sweep off the Eastern Seaboard of California by the Japanese troops (not Chinese) while the East Indian troops were in the area. In November 1942, the White House sent special personnel to the area to investigate the reports. One such incident was a March 22, 1942, incident with American military personnel in the U.S.-Nato Pacific area of Kinsale, California. Two Americans, including Colonel James H. R. T. McFarland, entered Japan, took out American guns, and seized Japanese-made machine guns and rifles. These were used to kill seven Japanese troops. This incident involved the second American soldier and the fourth Japanese individual under the control of Japanese authorities. The U.S. Army denied that all the American soldiers were executed because they were captured for American crimes, while the Japanese admitted that many of them were shot on purpose. One of the American soldiers who was taken was captured and shipped to the U.S. and arrested within days. Shortly afterwards an American man, Colonel Richard C. Maitland, took up the post of Major-in-Chief of Camp Kinsale and was then taken by the Japanese to Pearl Harbor. On December 12, he was captured and subsequently taken to Pearl Harbor. He had been shot in the leg and suffered heavy injuries. He was taken to the United States Navy where he would later be assigned to Fort Detrick, Illinois where he was found to be unarmed and unguarded. During the early stages of the U.S. Embassy investigation in California, many Americans had visited the United States to seek aid. Americans met some Japanese women who wished to give their services. One woman was not very happy about being held. He described to her, “You are always at the table, but we are not in here. You think that we will run away with you or hide in the bushes.” She had been captured at an American gun range, and after taking no action, her life had turned into a nightmare. After a month, she died on December 6 from her injuries. After the attack by a large Japanese company with a naval base, two men arrested her and took her to the harbor to be tried as an adult. Her name was Matsumoto Shimura. It became known as the Massacre at Sea . When U.S. forces were trying to reach the Japanese out of Alaska on November 27, 1941, the Japanese military ordered the American Forces to destroy their Japanese advance and leave the American people and property to American sailors and Marines to drown. A ship which lay over the shore had been sent to assist U.S. sailors ashore but as U.S. ship was too far in the face, the two Americans found themselves in the midst of an enormous Japanese attack. On December 7, 1944 an American serviceman, Sergeant General Thomas Poulsen was shot twice to death and three other Americans died. He had lost his life during the attack. On June 28, 1945, two American soldiers were murdered on and off Bureau Island with the


[…]


One of the major military reasons the Japanese were never held at Pearl Harbor was that Japanese military units had to make it back. In March 1942, the Japanese Army was accused of violating the “separation agreements” of the East India Company and the Bureaus which allowed for Japanese internment there. In August of that year, the U.S. Army made an inspection report on this situation. The official records in this period say the United States Army conducted a sweep off the Eastern Seaboard of California by the Japanese troops (not Chinese) while the East Indian troops were in the area. In November 1942, the White House sent special personnel to the area to investigate the reports. One such incident was a March 22, 1942, incident with American military personnel in the U.S.-Nato Pacific area of Kinsale, California. Two Americans, including Colonel James H. R. T. McFarland, entered Japan, took out American guns, and seized Japanese-made machine guns and rifles. These were used to kill seven Japanese troops. This incident involved the second American soldier and the fourth Japanese individual under the control of Japanese authorities. The U.S. Army denied that all the American soldiers were executed because they were captured for American crimes, while the Japanese admitted that many of them were shot on purpose. One of the American soldiers who was taken was captured and shipped to the U.S. and arrested within days. Shortly afterwards an American man, Colonel Richard C. Maitland, took up the post of Major-in-Chief of Camp Kinsale and was then taken by the Japanese to Pearl Harbor. On December 12, he was captured and subsequently taken to Pearl Harbor. He had been shot in the leg and suffered heavy injuries. He was taken to the United States Navy where he would later be assigned to Fort Detrick, Illinois where he was found to be unarmed and unguarded. During the early stages of the U.S. Embassy investigation in California, many Americans had visited the United States to seek aid. Americans met some Japanese women who wished to give their services. One woman was not very happy about being held. He described to her, “You are always at the table, but we are not in here. You think that we will run away with you or hide in the bushes.” She had been captured at an American gun range, and after taking no action, her life had turned into a nightmare. After a month, she died on December 6 from her injuries. After the attack by a large Japanese company with a naval base, two men arrested her and took her to the harbor to be tried as an adult. Her name was Matsumoto Shimura. It became known as the Massacre at Sea . When U.S. forces were trying to reach the Japanese out of Alaska on November 27, 1941, the Japanese military ordered the American Forces to destroy their Japanese advance and leave the American people and property to American sailors and Marines to drown. A ship which lay over the shore had been sent to assist U.S. sailors ashore but as U.S. ship was too far in the face, the two Americans found themselves in the midst of an enormous Japanese attack. On December 7, 1944 an American serviceman, Sergeant General Thomas Poulsen was shot twice to death and three other Americans died. He had lost his life during the attack. On June 28, 1945, two American soldiers were murdered on and off Bureau Island with the


Because of this order, 120,000 people of Japanese descent living in the U.S. were removed from their homes and placed in internment camps. The United States justified their action by claiming that there was a danger of those of Japanese descent spying for the Japanese. However more than two-thirds, approximately 62 percent, of those interned were American citizens and half of them were children. None had ever shown disloyalty to the nation. In some cases family members were separated and put in different camps. Only ten people were convicted of spying for the Japanese during the entire war and they were all white people. None of them were Japanese. Because of the wartime hysteria and prejudice, many Japanese people were forced to leave their homes and go to the intern camps. At the time of the evacuation, many of the evacuees disposed of their properties, especially their household goods, in quick sales that frequently involved heavy financial losses. They were given very little time to get their affairs in order. (Daniels, pg. 46)


However, the military officials were concerned about the loyalty of Japanese descendants. They were considered to be security risks. These concerns were based more on racial bias than on actual risk. There is a quote from the administrator of the internment program, Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt. He testified to congress that “I dont want any of them persons here. They are a dangerous element. There is no way to determine their loyalty. It makes no difference whether or not he is an American citizen, he is still Japanese. American citizenship does not necessarily determine loyalty. But we must worry about the Japanese all the time until he is wiped off the map.” (Spicer pg.57) They also feared that the Japanese would sabotage the factories in the United States. They were also concerned about the safety of Californias water systems, which they considered to be vulnerable.


The early years of internment were very harsh for the Japanese. They had to endure severe living conditions. “In them 30,000 families were living under overcrowded conditions, close surveillance, and with no knowledge of what would happen to them next.” (Spicer pg. 61) However, conditions improved because the Japanese united with each other to make conditions better by forming an administration. Conditions in these camps through the early months were hard for the Japanese to adapt to. Upon moving into the internment camps, families were separated and some were sent into different detention centers. In addition to not being with family and loved ones, the Japanese were forced to live in overcrowded barracks. These barracks held between fourteen and sixteen rooms. Six to seven people were forced to live in a room the size for only two people. “Victims of war time hysteria, these people, two-thirds of whom were United States citizens, lived a bleak humiliating life in tar paper barracks behind barbed wire and under armed guard.” (Yu, 1996) Most detention centers were not finished when the Japanese arrived. Some portions of the blocks were not complete. This left the Japanese vulnerable to the climate weather conditions. They also had no running water, no furniture, nothing to prepare food with, and no supplies to clean up with. This left the mess halls filthy. The mess halls were used as the bathroom, laundry room, and trash area all at once. “As families and individuals completed the process of being unloaded with their baggage from the buses, registering, and signing the forms of induction they found themselves in bare rooms about twenty feet square or in unpartitioned barracks.” (Spicer pg. 72)


The weather and the location of the detention centers also made conditions harsh for the Japanese. The Japanese detention centers were all located on the West Coast. They were located in Oregon, Washington, California, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and Wyoming. In each of these states weather conditions varied drastically. Some detention centers were located in the mountains which contained cold, bitter, and snowy conditions. Some were in the desert that contained hot and humid conditions. Camps were placed in remote locations, which made it almost impossible for the Japanese to escape. (Spicer pg. 73)


Some of the Japenese who were forced to live in the camps did question their loyalty to the United Sates after they were forced to live in the camps. This is because the government had separated them from their families and friends, and had made them live in the camps. In fact, several pro-Japan groups started inside the camps. There were even a few demonstrations and riots.


The government gave everyone over the age of seventeen in the detention centers a survey. It only had two questions1. Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty wherever ordered?2. Will you swear unqualified allegiance to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign or domestic forces and forswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor, to any other foreign government, power or organization?


When the government gave this questionnaire, only 6 percent answered that they would volunteer to serve in the Army. However, many responded that they would volunteer if they would have their rights restored to them, because they felt that it was unfair for them to have to fight for the freedoms that were being denied them. (Daniels, pg. 24)


Many did volunteer to serve. Some of them wanted to prove their loyalty to the United States. However, some felt that it was the only way for them to get out of the internment camps. They would rather volunteer for the Army than be stuck in a camp for the rest of the war. American soldiers of


Five Stages And Second Stage Of The Grieving Process essay help free

The Five Stages of Grief

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Tanya Colon

PSY-(PSY-100-0501)

8/28/2017

Amanda Laster-Loftus

The Five Stages of Grief

Grief is an emotion that every individual will experience at least once in their life time. When one grieves it is either from losing someone or something very important in their life. Each and every person is different in how they accept their loss. When one is faced with grief that individual goes through all the five stages of grieving. Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross came up with these stages in respond of an individual who is grieving. The five steps go as follows; denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.


The first stage being denial is when an individual rejects the reality of their loss, the individual that is grieving believes that everything is ok and they have no worries about anything that is actually going on around them. The individual is then moved to anger this being the second stage of the grieving process; this is when the reality and the pain of one’s loss can no longer be denied. At this point negative emotions and anger now arises. The third stage of grieving is when an individual looks for any kind of hope that the reality of a loss is able to be avoided this is called bargaining. Once an individual understands and realizes that their loss cannot be avoided they then are depressed this being the fourth stage of grieving, sadness and regret comes soon consumes the grieving individual. The final step of the grieving process is acceptance, this is when the loss of a loved one or that special thing is now accepted and the individual can now able to try and move on in life. When an individual has dealt with all the emotions that come along with grieving they tend to move to the process of healing, rebuilding is the first step (Axelrod, 2017).


Death, is a topic too many across the globe do not want to speak of. However in the African American community death is very important in their culture. Death in African American community is not a time for sadness but yet a time for rejoicing. A time for the deceased for the deceased to no longer have to deal with the trial and tribulations of today’s world. The loss of an individual is mourned and missed but however their death is also a time for remembering all the good times and smiles them brought


Sexual Harassment And Edss Policy narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Jebus, King Of Jews

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that demands actions, therefore, they often establish guidelines on how to avoid and handle sexual harassment. However, some companies still do not appear to have sexual harassment regulations or at least not publicly accessible ones. One of these companies is Firestone. It seems as though information about the recent tire recall is the only topic that one can access on its website or through emails. Nevertheless, an examination of the sexual harassment policies of other companies provides a basis for recommendations. EDS, Electronic Data Systems, serves as a good model in considering which rules are worth implementation. Kevin McFarling, Client Delivery Executive, sums up his companys attitude toward sexual harassment: “Sexual harassment is not to be ignored. It is very serious and needs to be treated that way by all employees. It is inexcusable in any environment, let alone a professional one” (McFarling) EDSs policy on sexual harassment is as follows: EDS does not tolerate sexual harassment or other lawful harassment in the workplace, whether committed by a co-worker, leader, client, contractor, suppliers, or anyone else. Actions, words, jokes or comments that are derogatory and based on any persons gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, religion or disability will not be tolerated at EDS (Ethics and Business Conduct). In order to create a safe and welcoming environment for everyone affiliated with EDS, tasks and responsibilities have been assigned to all employees, including leaders. These tasks and responsibilities include reporting incidents and adhering to the EDS sexual harassment policy. Leaders have the extra responsibility of educating employees about sexual harassment. EDS also makes sure that training and materials are easily accessible to all employees. These informative materials can be obtained through the EDS Employee Relations and the EDS Office of Ethics and Business Conduct. Other companies should follow


Function Of This Study And Effects Of Temperature cheap mba definition essay help

The Effects of TemperatureEssay Preview: The Effects of TemperatureReport this essayRunning Head: THE EFFECTS OF TEMPERATUREThe Effects of Temperature and Gender on ConcentrationAnnie RiceAlbertson College of IdahoAbstractThe function of this study was to identify a potential correlation between gender and temperature that cause a direct affect on concentration. Participants assigned into hot (H), warm (W), and cold (C) condition groups observed a video clip in preset temperatures and completed surveys to measure their comprehension. The test results were not significant; however, a significant result appeared in the H condition with a 95 percent confidence interval. The males scored significantly lower in the H condition which indicates an existing correlation of gender and temperature results leading to an indirect affect on concentration.


The Effects Temperature and Gender on ConcentrationPrevious studies suggest that temperature influences the cognitive functioning of the brain. There have been no significant results to conclude temperature as the main affect however as an additional variable is integrated into the results a significance is produced. One study investigated the long-term memory development of male and female rats and concluded that temperature set at a hypothermic level affects memory retention. Additional research supports a comparable when tested in similar conditions. (Misanin, Nagy, Keiser & Bowen, 1971).


Tympanic membrane temperature was measured in the chimp subjects. In the study the chimps were to be involved in 1 of 3 cognitive tasks. These included matching to sample, visual-spatial discrimination, and a motor task. Every 20 minutes the tympanic membrane temperature was measured. This data was the first to show that physical functions of chimpanzees were lateralized. It also suggests the cognitive functions are associated with changes in cerebral blood flow.


In this study, data are presented on the use of a temperature gauge to assess changes in cerebral blood flow as reflected by changes in the tympanic membrane (TM) temperature. The TM is warmed by the brain and cooled by branches extending from the carotid artery (Webb, 1973). The TM also shares blood vessels with the hypothalamus, and TM temperature is highly correlated with the temperature of the hypothalamus (Benzinger, 1969; Dickey, Ahlgren, & Stephen, 1970; Rawson & Hammell, 1963). Two studies in humans have attempted to measure lateralized changes in cerebral temperature in relation to cognitive challenge. Meiners and Dabbs (1977) reported decreased temperature in the right ear (right hemisphere) for a spatial task compared to the left ear (left hemisphere). No differences in the reduction of ear temperature were evident for a verbal task. Swift (1991) similarly examined lateralized changes in TM temperature for verbal and spatial cognition tasks but did not find overall lateralized changes in TM temperature. The inconsistencies between these studies could be due in part to procedural and task differences. For example, Swift required participants to depress a key in response to different demands of the tasks but made no attempt to account for the effects of this motor response on temperature change. This is particularly significant because all participants were required to use their right hand to respond, which may have induced an asymmetry in temperature unrelated to the cognitive demands of the task. More recently, asymmetries in TM temperature have been found to be associated with stress behavior in human children and rhesus monkeys (Boyce, Higley, Jemerin, Champoux, & Suomi, 1996). Left-right differences in TM temperature were positively correlated with locomotion during social separation in monkeys and negatively correlated with measures of cortisol at 4 months of age.


there is a progressive deterioration in performance with increasing exposure to cold. This is reflected in the number of correct identifications and correspondent signal omissions. It should be noted that the incidence of commission errors did not vary with exposure time. The overall performance decrement is accompanied by a progressive reduction in core temperature that follows the characteristic transient increase on immediate exposure to cold ( Figure 12 ). These data suggest, therefore, that sustained attention decrement is related to dynamic deep body temperature change, although in the above case it is a reduction in core temperature level. This finding is consistent with information presented previously on performance under dynamic body temperature decrease as given in the reports of Mackworth (1950) and Pepler (1953 , 1958 ). (Hancock 1986)


This study followed the long-term memory development of male and female rats. At about 9 days old the rats started to show signs of intersession improvement when the sessions lasted at 24 hour intervals. Rats that were younger than 9 days old shows signs of short-term memory retention. During the experiment it was indicated that hypothermia caused some complications on 24 hour memory retention and that is depended on the time from training to hypothermal treatment. Research has shown that on adults it effects long-term memory. (Misanin, Nagy, Keiser, & Bowen, 1971)


In this study, the authors examined the role of task stressfulness. Female hooded rats were tested during proestrus or estrus on the hidden-platform water maze in warm (33oC) or cold (19oC) water. There were no effects of cycle or temperature, but estrous phase interacted with temperature such that proestrous rats performed better overall under the warm condition and estrous rats performed better under the cold condition. (Rubinow, 2004)


Razmjou, S. & Kjellberg, A. (1992). Sustained attention and serial responding in heat:Mental effort in the control of performance [Electronic version]. Aviation, Space,& Environmental Medicine, 63, 594-601.The researchers based their study on previous studies which had found that heat (above 40 degrees Celsius was detrimental to sustained concentration. In their study, 20 participants were subjected to temperatures above 40 degrees Celsius. The participants were tested on body temperature, heart rate and reaction time. They found reaction times were negatively affected and a correlation in increased body temperature with increased heart rate. This supports our hypothesis that increased temperature may be responsible


[Abstract: ________________________________________] The effect of a heated body environment on response power and cardiovascular risk parameters is unknown. This effect was not shown in any previous studies. This is why we propose to do research to shed light on the underlying mechanisms of our changes, and investigate ways of reducing heat through different mechanisms.


[In order to understand the possible mechanisms of our changes, we decided that we use data from a study that looked at different subjects that was being assessed by physical and physiological laboratory members for an additional 12 months in order to compare differences in response power, cardiovascular and metabolic variables by body and other body systems. These subjects were then divided into 5 groups and assigned to 2 groups (n = 4 groups). We then used the data to calculate a model and compare the energy needs of the 6 individual variables. We looked at our data for: (1) cardiovascular rate, (2) heart rate, and, (3) total energy expenditure while the heat was above 40 C. Our analysis, if there is any significance, must include a control of these variables. (4) response power and (5) metabolic variables. Because those individual variables are not the key variables, we will not include them in our calculations. (5) total energy expended during each 15 minute heat session (5 minutes) or 30 minutes cold session (5 minutes) (n = 4) with no treatment.


The study looked at the effect of body temperature and heat intensity on the response parameters of participants. (See Figure 1A, Figure 2A). A. ________________________________________(s) ________________________________________, S. A. (1992). The effect of body temperature on cardiovascular risk and body mass index in adults. Health Risk Assessment. 2.01, 3.03, 3.04, 3.05, 3.06, 4.07; Kjellberg, A. K. & Eisener, S. [Abstract: ________________________________________] Changes in heart rate, body-mass index, lipid profile and mortality. Heart & Heart Research. 20:3.07, 38.07 (1997); DOI: 10.1132/heart.20.3.07


[In general, if a hot body is maintained in a hot place for several days, the effects of heat change on responses or metabolic variables are not apparent.]


We estimated the energy needs of each individual at the two highest and highest temperatures at each time part of a cold session. To ensure that these were correct, we calculated time for the baseline time of each individual so that we did not overfit the temperature. Thus, the difference in heat levels between the two temperature conditions resulted in a similar figure. (Figure 1B), ________________________________________ or ________________________________________ did not differ. Furthermore, to calculate our energy needs, we used a similar calculation of the


[Abstract: ________________________________________] The effect of a heated body environment on response power and cardiovascular risk parameters is unknown. This effect was not shown in any previous studies. This is why we propose to do research to shed light on the underlying mechanisms of our changes, and investigate ways of reducing heat through different mechanisms.


[In order to understand the possible mechanisms of our changes, we decided that we use data from a study that looked at different subjects that was being assessed by physical and physiological laboratory members for an additional 12 months in order to compare differences in response power, cardiovascular and metabolic variables by body and other body systems. These subjects were then divided into 5 groups and assigned to 2 groups (n = 4 groups). We then used the data to calculate a model and compare the energy needs of the 6 individual variables. We looked at our data for: (1) cardiovascular rate, (2) heart rate, and, (3) total energy expenditure while the heat was above 40 C. Our analysis, if there is any significance, must include a control of these variables. (4) response power and (5) metabolic variables. Because those individual variables are not the key variables, we will not include them in our calculations. (5) total energy expended during each 15 minute heat session (5 minutes) or 30 minutes cold session (5 minutes) (n = 4) with no treatment.


The study looked at the effect of body temperature and heat intensity on the response parameters of participants. (See Figure 1A, Figure 2A). A. ________________________________________(s) ________________________________________, S. A. (1992). The effect of body temperature on cardiovascular risk and body mass index in adults. Health Risk Assessment. 2.01, 3.03, 3.04, 3.05, 3.06, 4.07; Kjellberg, A. K. & Eisener, S. [Abstract: ________________________________________] Changes in heart rate, body-mass index, lipid profile and mortality. Heart & Heart Research. 20:3.07, 38.07 (1997); DOI: 10.1132/heart.20.3.07


[In general, if a hot body is maintained in a hot place for several days, the effects of heat change on responses or metabolic variables are not apparent.]


We estimated the energy needs of each individual at the two highest and highest temperatures at each time part of a cold session. To ensure that these were correct, we calculated time for the baseline time of each individual so that we did not overfit the temperature. Thus, the difference in heat levels between the two temperature conditions resulted in a similar figure. (Figure 1B), ________________________________________ or ________________________________________ did not differ. Furthermore, to calculate our energy needs, we used a similar calculation of the


Asian-American Group And Asian Americans free college essay help

The Eight Essential Steps to Conflict ResolutionEssay Preview: The Eight Essential Steps to Conflict ResolutionReport this essaySummarizeThe first article explains how the Asian-American group has been and still is dominating in many different aspects within the United States. The Pew Research Center (2012) states, Asian Americans are the highest-income, best-educated and the fastest-growing racial group in the United States. Therefore, these aspects include how they succeed and prosper amongst the areas of finances, schooling, family, careers, marriages, and overall in life. They have come a long way in establishing their significance even from that of about a century ago where they were seen as the minority immigrants doing the inferior work and were the primary selection for racial discrimination. With only relative little differences among some areas of mentality and structure existing between Asians who were born in America or Asians who have come from their homeland in to the Unities States, it is still very evident that these groups still share similarities amongst the same aspects that were named previously. The Asian-American population also comes to be a prime example for other races in the United States.


The second article describes how members of the Asian community along with several Asian organizations take offense to, “The Rise of the Asian Americans” article. They believe that this particular article includes false information within the different aspects named before and how this gives off the wrong impression of Asians. An AACAJ member states, We are deeply concerned about how findings from a recent study by the Pew Research Center have been used to portray Asian Americanspaint a picture of Asian Americans as a model minority, having the highest income and educational attainment among racial groups. These portrayals are overly simplistic (Hing, 2012). Asian-Americans find this article along with its research to be a misrepresentation and do not wish for this to be the portrayal that others will come to accept and believe, because they see this information as being wrongfully damaging to their community.


The Asian-American Community in the United States


Asian-American members of U.S. colleges and universities were at the center of a national debate over diversity and inclusion that began in 2009 with what is said be a contentious election. In addition to the election of a president who embraced President Obama’s economic platform on race, one that is often mentioned in the press as “President Obama is not Asian Americans.” As such, the focus of this article was on how the media portray Asian Americans, specifically Asian-Americans, as ‘oppressed minority’ or ‘anti-Asian’ among the white population (K.C. and W.W.), as they feel their history has been racially and economically racially marginalized in our country under American immigration policy, and as a condition of political success (C.H.A., 2013), and how their success has been threatened, when that history continues to be cited within the media (H.A.W., 2013). Here are a few other articles that have been referenced before, as well as links and comments from Asian-American and other Asian-American community members in our media.


Asian-American Voices are Focused on the


Asian-American media, including the Chicago Tribune’s “News” on the Chicago Blackhawks team’s history with Black players (Dyer, 2008), the Associated Press’ “News” on the Blackhawks’ and other sports teams’ success in winning the Stanley Cup (Dyer, 2008), and Asian-American Voices Magazine’s coverage of the United Soccer League’s “Hollywood Style” team (C.H.A.W.H., 2013). The articles in the article do not include all Asian-American voices within the media, and only one Asian-American Voice does:


To be sure, Asian-American outlets also used and are active in their efforts to create diverse Asian-American voices in their coverage, often from community members (Shai, 2014, p. 27). In 2014, the Associated Press wrote about the team, who were part “of the Chicago and Pacific Heights cultural diversity program, including a diversity conference. Asian-Americans helped create what appeared to be a series of Asian-American TV shows in local papers and in the media — and one of these shows, called “The Great Dental Interview.” The show included a discussion about the importance of Asian-American community members participating in the cultural diversity program to help better understanding and connect with all persons of various ancestries (H.A.W., 2014, p. 26).”


Hollywood Style team is a minority game. Some of its members are actors, such as Meryl Streep, and others are comedians and actors. They also perform comedy at local businesses (H.A.W., 2013, p. 41).


Asian-American Community Organizations and Media Coverage of Asian-American Community


As Asian-American communities and media outlets continue to portray themselves as critical of Asian-Americans, they attempt to portray individuals and groups that do not understand the problems they face (Becker, 2009). In this way, these Asian-American voices appear to be the voice of minorities, who simply perceive Asian-Americans’ status as ‘whites’ in an attempt to make a case for whiteness in general. As noted above, the media focus on this approach by portraying Asian-Americans, Asian-Americans in negative terms are used unfairly, and are instead used to deflect the real issues facing Asian-Americans (L.K. and A.G.A., 2013).


As media sources continue to place Asian-American voices in the media, people have begun taking the concept of Asian-American voices out of the context of the broader discourse around racism, whiteness


The Asian-American Community in the United States


Asian-American members of U.S. colleges and universities were at the center of a national debate over diversity and inclusion that began in 2009 with what is said be a contentious election. In addition to the election of a president who embraced President Obama’s economic platform on race, one that is often mentioned in the press as “President Obama is not Asian Americans.” As such, the focus of this article was on how the media portray Asian Americans, specifically Asian-Americans, as ‘oppressed minority’ or ‘anti-Asian’ among the white population (K.C. and W.W.), as they feel their history has been racially and economically racially marginalized in our country under American immigration policy, and as a condition of political success (C.H.A., 2013), and how their success has been threatened, when that history continues to be cited within the media (H.A.W., 2013). Here are a few other articles that have been referenced before, as well as links and comments from Asian-American and other Asian-American community members in our media.


Asian-American Voices are Focused on the


Asian-American media, including the Chicago Tribune’s “News” on the Chicago Blackhawks team’s history with Black players (Dyer, 2008), the Associated Press’ “News” on the Blackhawks’ and other sports teams’ success in winning the Stanley Cup (Dyer, 2008), and Asian-American Voices Magazine’s coverage of the United Soccer League’s “Hollywood Style” team (C.H.A.W.H., 2013). The articles in the article do not include all Asian-American voices within the media, and only one Asian-American Voice does:


To be sure, Asian-American outlets also used and are active in their efforts to create diverse Asian-American voices in their coverage, often from community members (Shai, 2014, p. 27). In 2014, the Associated Press wrote about the team, who were part “of the Chicago and Pacific Heights cultural diversity program, including a diversity conference. Asian-Americans helped create what appeared to be a series of Asian-American TV shows in local papers and in the media — and one of these shows, called “The Great Dental Interview.” The show included a discussion about the importance of Asian-American community members participating in the cultural diversity program to help better understanding and connect with all persons of various ancestries (H.A.W., 2014, p. 26).”


Hollywood Style team is a minority game. Some of its members are actors, such as Meryl Streep, and others are comedians and actors. They also perform comedy at local businesses (H.A.W., 2013, p. 41).


Asian-American Community Organizations and Media Coverage of Asian-American Community


As Asian-American communities and media outlets continue to portray themselves as critical of Asian-Americans, they attempt to portray individuals and groups that do not understand the problems they face (Becker, 2009). In this way, these Asian-American voices appear to be the voice of minorities, who simply perceive Asian-Americans’ status as ‘whites’ in an attempt to make a case for whiteness in general. As noted above, the media focus on this approach by portraying Asian-Americans, Asian-Americans in negative terms are used unfairly, and are instead used to deflect the real issues facing Asian-Americans (L.K. and A.G.A., 2013).


As media sources continue to place Asian-American voices in the media, people have begun taking the concept of Asian-American voices out of the context of the broader discourse around racism, whiteness


Critical AnalysisI agree on the fact that the first article was in the wrong by intertwining both factual information with stereotypical information towards Asian-Americans which stands to be detrimental to this particular group. This is based on what the author, Hing (2012) supports by saying, Critics say the Pew Report mixes some fact with too much mythology about what people imagine Asians to be. While portrayal of Asian Americans as high-achieving, and adept at overcoming humble beginnings to reach great financial and educational success seems flattering, many Asian Americans say this frame is not only factually inaccurate, its damaging to the community. I feel that in a sense, we would like to believe that the stereotypes or portrayals that we have of the Asian-American population to be true so therefore, the first articles mistake was overly exemplifying these attributes by throwing in research studies that could have been not entirely true within the information gathered, in order to make it sound appeasing to the readers. In result, this misinterpreted information only increases and feeds in the misguided conceptions that we might have of the Asian-American community.


I did not find much to disagree with in reading throughout the second article; I strongly believe in the standpoint that the author took in writing as a response to the first article. I am not surprised that the Asian-American community was offended by what the first article proposed them to be like. When an article is particularly singling out a specific group, it becomes very personal especially


Jerome Karle And S Mother cheap mba definition essay help: cheap mba definition essay help

Jerome KarleEssay Preview: Jerome KarleReport this essaySome would say there are two roads that one must choose to follow that will dictate their life-making decisions; whether to make other individuals happy or to make themselves happy. Life takes many twists and turns that can often change attitudes, perceptions and concentrations. Jerome Karle was faced with this dilemma at an early age, but went on to become a world-renowned physical chemist that forever changed the landscape of our world.


Born in New York City on June 18, 1918, Karle was surrounded by a wealth of artistic individuals (Karle, 1985). Influenced by an uncle and brother-in-law who devoted their lives to creating music professionally, Karle knew at an early age that he would be a musician the rest of his life. In addition, Karle’s mother was a revered pianist and organist who influenced her son at an early age to develop a love for the arts; particularly music (Karle, 1985).


In the wake of Black Tuesday in late 1929, Karle’s mother insisted that Jerome concentrate solely on his music in hopes of creating a better life for himself and to leave lower Manhattan. It appeared to be Jerome’s only escape from the lower socio-economical class that dwelled in that part of town (Karle, 1985). Complicated by the lack of income from both of Karle’s parents, Jerome worked many odd jobs in and around Brooklyn in addition to attending Abraham Lincoln High School. Jerome also entered a weekly music showcase in Manhattan that showcased talented youth in hopes of winning a cash prize (Karle, 1985). Having only mediocre success, Jerome decided that he had not taste for public performances. However, he was becoming avidly intrigued by his high school courses in science, physics and mathematics. After graduating high school, Karle had finally decided what road to take in his journey towards happiness.


Jerome entered the City College of New York in 1933 and concentrated on his pursuit of knowledge in the science of chemistry and physics (Karle, 1985). Karle’s acceptance to the institution was a decision made in the best interest of his family due to the tuition-free standard set by the college. As an added bonus, Karle was blessed to be surrounded by some of the brightest minds in all of New York. Unfortunately, Karle was forced to give up his love of playing music indefinitely due to the three hour commute to and from school as well as being inundated with school studies (Karle, 1985). After graduating from undergraduate college, Karle went on to pursue a Master’s Degree at Harvard in biology followed by a doctorate at the University of Michigan in physical chemistry (Karle, 1985). It was at the University of Michigan that Jerome’s life would take another one of its unexpected turns.


While completing his doctorate at the University of Michigan, Jerome met his future wife, Isabella Lugoski, who shared the same passion for science and music as Jerome (Karle, 1985). The two were eventually married in 1942 while still in graduate school. Before Jerome was awarded his PhD at Michigan, he was given the opportunity to become a part of history and assist in the creation of the first nuclear weapon; which he viewed as an honor and act of patriotism (Karle, 1985). He would later say in an interview about the project that “I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. When the nation calls, you answer (Karle, 1985).” Although his research and development achievements during the Manhattan Project were revered and are somewhat controversial to this day, his greatest achievements were realized thereafter. Although his research and development achievements during the Manhattan Project were revered and are somewhat controversial to this day, his greatest achievements were realized thereafter.


‚A Bibliography of the Major H.A.L.E. Department of Biological Sciences‎


The H.A.L.E. Research Foundation is an independent, nonprofit organization funded by a grant of 50.2 million dollars from the National Science Foundation. Through membership in the Foundation, H.A.L.E. students are exposed to research that provides scientific and technical insights across the vast spectrum of the social sciences and technology. By attending a program from 4 to 4 PM each day on the following days, students receive a brief outline of an academic and theoretical program that provides practical information, as well as access to opportunities for education. For example, students may receive a series of lectures on basic knowledge topics from research groups, or other public universities, or have access to information on their own. H.A.L.E. students, like their peers throughout the world, participate in H.A.D.S. as part of national, university, or national/state partnerships for a variety of research opportunities (H.A.L.E., 2009). H.A.L.E. serves as a catalyst for world class research, a catalyst for the growth of the global community. During every year of the H.A.L.E. research program, the Foundation’s mission is to empower world leaders to develop and implement novel technological solutions, and for these to be effective and effective (H.A.L.E., 1999).


Acknowledgments Thanks to the H.A.L.E. Research Foundation for the many hours that have been devoted to the collection of data and documents.


References to this site


‚A Bibliography of the Major H.A.L.E. Department of Biological Sciences‎


The H.A.L.E. Research Foundation is an independent, nonprofit organization funded by a grant of 50.2 million dollars from the National Science Foundation. Through membership in the Foundation, H.A.L.E. students are exposed to research that provides scientific and technical insights across the vast spectrum of the social sciences and technology. By attending a program from 4 to 4 PM each day on the following days, students receive a brief outline of an academic and theoretical program that provides practical information, as well as access to opportunities for education. For example, students may receive a series of lectures on basic knowledge topics from research groups, or other public universities, or have access to information on their own. H.A.L.E. students, like their peers throughout the world, participate in H.A.D.S. as part of national, university, or national/state partnerships for a variety of research opportunities (H.A.L.E., 2009). H.A.L.E. serves as a catalyst for world class research, a catalyst for the growth of the global community. During every year of the H.A.L.E. research program, the Foundation’s mission is to empower world leaders to develop and implement novel technological solutions, and for these to be effective and effective (H.A.L.E., 1999).


Acknowledgments Thanks to the H.A.L.E. Research Foundation for the many hours that have been devoted to the collection of data and documents.


References to this site


In 1946,


Effects Of Marijuana And Body Of Its Users persuasive essay help

The Effects of Marijuana on CognitionEssay Preview: The Effects of Marijuana on CognitionReport this essayA discussion is taking place across the globe as to whether or not marijuana use has a negative effect on the mind and body of its users. This discussion has many participants with varying views on the issue. Some think marijuana use, while very harmful to your lungs, has no negative effect on the mind. Others see it as harmful to both the mind and the body. Still a select few see marijuana as a medicine. Marijuana and its effects have intrigued many for centuries. Its users have their own culture spreading across the globe. Over the years marijuana has acquired many different names such as pot, cannabis, weed, herb, green, ganja, smoke, dope, reefer, mary jane, and of course lets not forget the 60`s and 70`s grass. This culture of marijuana smokers is so large that several magazines in publication have devoted their ink to its use and its legalization. Also, in the medical community, studies have been done to investigate its effects.


I came across an article in a popular magazine entitled “Pot Makes You Smart!” Upon reading the title alone I was intrigued and had to read further. The article was an interpretation of a study done into the effects of marijuana on intelligence quotient (IQ). I was so enthralled that I had to find the original study to see exactly how the research was conducted in order to compare the actual results of the study compared with those printed within the magazine. I found an abstract of the study on the web at The Canadian Medical Association Journal, site. To further investigate marijuanas effects on cognition I read a chapter from the book entitled Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts: a Review of the Scientific Evidence, by Lynn Zimmer, Ph.D. and John P. Morgan, M.D.


The authors of the published study, John M. Morgan et al. (2006), report no evidence supporting the existence of a negative effect of the marijuanas effect on IQ in the population in Canada.


A summary of the study results at the end of the section titled Marijuana Myths: a Review of the Current Evidence for a Positive Effect of Marijuana and marijuana facts is provided in the pdf format (full PDF can be found at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16296785/):


Marijuanas Effects on the Human Intelligence


In 2008 I became involved with an online forum called Marijuanas Forum in Toronto, Ontario to explore the effect of marijuana, cannabis, and alcohol on the human intelligence.


Marijuana.org has a page on Marijuanas Research titled Marijuanas are A Marijuana Is a Crouching Disease. In April 2006, Marijuanas Research was renamed Marjuanas by Dr. Paul J. M. Tullio. In May 2006, Marijuanas Blog posted the information regarding marijuana and marijuana facts.


For a short time, there was no doubt about the existence of a positive effect regarding cannabis on the adult male brain on the Canadian level. While I spent most of that time looking at the literature in a different capacity in the form of reviews of articles, I had to ask myself: Why hasn’t the British Psychological Society listed the fact that cannabis use is common in Britain yet not mentioned in the same article as the U.K. Psychological Science website? No, the results for the paper are inconclusive. While using medical marijuana to treat chronic pain has been shown in Canada to be associated with a slightly higher incidence of cancer than being found in the U.S., which is clearly no surprise given that most users are on medication and would not ever die from a particular product, cannabis use is not currently associated with cancer. The findings of the BPS and CISA can be seen in other articles on marijuana and cancer research, including one on Cannabis Sativa – an herbal herbal plant that is used to treat anxiety, depression, and ADHD.


Marijuana Facts: A Canadian Psychological Society BPS and CISA


It is now my belief that Marijuanas Research was simply not made up solely of those interested in marijuana and cancer. More research is needed to determine the possible mechanism behind Marijuanas’ negative influence on the adult male brain on the Canadian level in relation to cancer, PTSD, and anxiety. On the other hand, I believe that Marijuanas is still a fascinating tool for research and treatment of PTSD and anxiety. My research on Marijuanas Research is also available online and I would appreciate any feedback.


The authors of the published study, John M. Morgan et al. (2006), report no evidence supporting the existence of a negative effect of the marijuanas effect on IQ in the population in Canada.


A summary of the study results at the end of the section titled Marijuana Myths: a Review of the Current Evidence for a Positive Effect of Marijuana and marijuana facts is provided in the pdf format (full PDF can be found at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16296785/):


Marijuanas Effects on the Human Intelligence


In 2008 I became involved with an online forum called Marijuanas Forum in Toronto, Ontario to explore the effect of marijuana, cannabis, and alcohol on the human intelligence.


Marijuana.org has a page on Marijuanas Research titled Marijuanas are A Marijuana Is a Crouching Disease. In April 2006, Marijuanas Research was renamed Marjuanas by Dr. Paul J. M. Tullio. In May 2006, Marijuanas Blog posted the information regarding marijuana and marijuana facts.


For a short time, there was no doubt about the existence of a positive effect regarding cannabis on the adult male brain on the Canadian level. While I spent most of that time looking at the literature in a different capacity in the form of reviews of articles, I had to ask myself: Why hasn’t the British Psychological Society listed the fact that cannabis use is common in Britain yet not mentioned in the same article as the U.K. Psychological Science website? No, the results for the paper are inconclusive. While using medical marijuana to treat chronic pain has been shown in Canada to be associated with a slightly higher incidence of cancer than being found in the U.S., which is clearly no surprise given that most users are on medication and would not ever die from a particular product, cannabis use is not currently associated with cancer. The findings of the BPS and CISA can be seen in other articles on marijuana and cancer research, including one on Cannabis Sativa – an herbal herbal plant that is used to treat anxiety, depression, and ADHD.


Marijuana Facts: A Canadian Psychological Society BPS and CISA


It is now my belief that Marijuanas Research was simply not made up solely of those interested in marijuana and cancer. More research is needed to determine the possible mechanism behind Marijuanas’ negative influence on the adult male brain on the Canadian level in relation to cancer, PTSD, and anxiety. On the other hand, I believe that Marijuanas is still a fascinating tool for research and treatment of PTSD and anxiety. My research on Marijuanas Research is also available online and I would appreciate any feedback.


“Current and Former Marijuana Use: Preliminary Findings of a Longitudinal Study of Effects on IQ in Young Adults.” eCMAJ-JAMC 20 Mar. 2003. Abstract.In searching for studies into the effects of marijuana, The Canadian Medical Association Journal site was quite helpful. The site included a study done to determine any cognitive effects of marijuana. The study is titled “Current and former marijuana use: preliminary findings of a longitudinal study of effects on intelligence quotient (IQ) in young adults.” Professors Peter Fried, Barbara Watkinson, Deborah James, and Robert Gray from the Department of Psychology at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario, organized the study. In an attempt to assess marijuanas impact on IQ the organizers of the study used data of seventy 17-20 year-olds. Urinalysis and self-reporting was used to ensure marijuana use. These participants had been followed since birth and were given IQ exams around the age of 9-12 years old, before any marijuana use. Then around the ages of 17-20, these same participants were given another IQ exam after the initiation of regular marijuana use. Differences in scores were calculated by subtracting the score at 9-12 from the scores at 17-20. Then by separating the participants into groups like current heavy users (about 5 joints per week), current light users (less than 5 joints per week), former users (those who had not smoke regularly in the past 3 months), and current non-users (those who had never smoked more than once a week and had not smoked in the past two weeks), differences in scores were examined to determine if there were any affects on IQ.The Results of the study showed a decline of about 4.1 points in current heavy smokers as compared to an increase of about 5.8 points in current light users, 3.5 points in former users, and 2.6 in non-users. According to the study, marijuana only had negative effects in the heavy users category and a positive effect in all other categories.


The study covered in this article, though organized by professors at C.U., seems to have a flaw. The group that was studied consisted of current heavy users (at least 5 joints a week), current light users (less than 5 joints per week), former users (who had not smoked regularly for 3 months), and non-users (who never smoked more than once a week and had not smoked in the past 2 weeks). The problem is not with how the group was split, but with how former users and non-users were classified. A former user should be classified as one who used to smoke but has not in the past year or two, and a non-user should be classified as one who has not and does not smoke marijuana. Without this group of actual non-users it is impossible to obtain the proper data needed to compare with the data of the user groups. One other minor detail is that the article never mentions the quality of the marijuana used in the study. Was it government grown marijuana, which is of the highest grade or was it low-grade marijuana grown by an individual or small group? The quality of the marijuana could certainly have an effect on the results of the tests taken by the different groups. While the study contributes greatly to the research into the effects of marijuana on cognition, further studies should be done to compare the IQ scores of marijuana smokers to those who have never used marijuana.


Larsen, Dana. “Pot Makes You Smart!” Cannabis Culture. July 2002: 33.The article “Pot Makes You Smart!” featured in Cannabis Culture Magazine was a cover of the study published in The Canadian Medical Association Journal. The author began by giving the many headlines about the study and pointing out that the headlines conflicted depending on where the article originated. The author goes on to tell that the study consisted of light users, heavy users, and non-users. Light users were those who smoked less than 5 joints a week and heavy users smoked an average of 33 joints a week. It also told how all participants in the study had been given IQ tests between the ages of nine and twelve and yet again later in life to see how their lifetime of marijuana use might have effected their IQs. At the end of the article the results were listed that the non-users scores stayed the same or increased slightly, the light users scores increased by an average of five points more than the non-users, and that the heavy users scores actually declined by about four points. In addition to the IQ score results the article also mentioned that after having abstained from marijuana for three months the differences between the groups IQ levels disappeared proving there is no permanent harm to IQ scores.


The author did a decent job presenting the study except that she omitted the former users category (those who had not smoked regularly in at least three months) from the study. Im not sure why the category was


James Maury Henson And Hensons First Television Appearance my essay help uk: my essay help uk

Jim HensonEssay Preview: Jim HensonReport this essayJames Maury Henson was born September 24, 1936, in Greenville, Mississippi, the second son of Paul Ransom and Elizabeth Marcella Henson. He grew up in nearby Leland, where his father, an agronomist, worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. His childhood was a happy one, as he explored both his artistic interests and the local countryside, whether alone or with friends. One of his childhood friends, Kermit, would later inspire the name of Hensons most celebrated creation. When he was in fifth grade, his family returned to Maryland. Hensons first television appearance occurred while he was still in high school, performing puppets on a local Washington, D.C., Saturday morning program on WTOP-TV. While a freshman at the University of Maryland, he turned professional when a local NBC affiliate hired him to do a five-minute late-night show called “Sam and Friends.” His first performing partner, Jane Nebel, would later become his wife.


Says his grandfather, “Jim Henson was a great-grandson of the late Thomas Henson. Jim Henson did a lot of fun, and he really liked his family and they were good friends.” Hensons’ grandfather was a former newspaper publisher and public health and social welfare aide to many former President Bill Clinton. “There are a lot of great things in life that our generation can’t forget — but there are some that we can still look back on fondly and celebrate,” says the grandson of Henson. Hensons died May 5, 1977 in San Antonio, Texas, after being hospitalized for a short time. He was 92 years old. When his family arrived in Florida, he took them to his home next door and said, “This is great, this is really the place to be, it’s amazing, but this is just the place, you know? Like I said, Jim Henson did a great, great job with it and people liked the character. They thought the show wasn’t a great show, but what’s next?” Hensons was born on August 8, 1934 in Greenville, Mississippi. For the past twenty years, he’s had several television series: the WTOP-TV Show “Sgt. Slapshot”-1999 and the CBS TV series “Empire” which premiered in 1987. He was an honor student at Montgomery State, and finished his high school year at the age of 22. In 1992, he attended Brigham Young University in Brigham Hill for a year, attending law school in New Hampshire where he studied public service, law and government, until the end of his senior year in May. In 1998, he became deputy chief of staff at the U.S. Department of Justice. Before joining the U.S. Department of Justice, he served as the acting head of the Office of Congressional Affairs under George W. Bush. He left the Justice Department in 2010 and joined Hensons’ law firm in March of 2014. The elder Hensons is the only son of two divorced parents in the U.S. His father is born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Both sons now attend Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. His mother, Mary Hensons, is a former nurse to several U.S. Senators. He has a daughter, Mary K. Lefevre, who died in October 2016. When contacted on June 21, 2017, Hensons released a statement: “I have given back my life, and the nation will see and bear their loss.” A Facebook post shared by Jim Hensons on May 23, 2017, shows support: “Jim Henson: Happy Birthday, Mom. Happy Birthday to you and your family.


On October 9, 2017, he died during a recent weekend cruise in his personal yacht. His family thanked him for doing such a great job. It is his sincere regret to learn of his passing and for leaving his wife and children behind. Your continued love and support will always be with their family. It is with great sadness that Jim Henson passed peacefully and without a trace of sadness on his private property. In the spirit of patriotism, we urge Members of Congress to be very careful as to their health, as they are on a regular basis dealing with their grief. To others as well, we implore you to continue speaking out when you are experiencing any sort of hardship or discomfort. RIP, KJ Hensons


On December 24, 2017, Hensons and his mother visited the world, taking in the lives of many people. As the two sons were doing their first public interview, their mother spoke directly to them. She told them her husband had been living with an enlarged appendix when she and her partner, a teacher in his mid 50’s, were diagnosed with HIV at an age of 16, after which time he


Says his grandfather, “Jim Henson was a great-grandson of the late Thomas Henson. Jim Henson did a lot of fun, and he really liked his family and they were good friends.” Hensons’ grandfather was a former newspaper publisher and public health and social welfare aide to many former President Bill Clinton. “There are a lot of great things in life that our generation can’t forget — but there are some that we can still look back on fondly and celebrate,” says the grandson of Henson. Hensons died May 5, 1977 in San Antonio, Texas, after being hospitalized for a short time. He was 92 years old. When his family arrived in Florida, he took them to his home next door and said, “This is great, this is really the place to be, it’s amazing, but this is just the place, you know? Like I said, Jim Henson did a great, great job with it and people liked the character. They thought the show wasn’t a great show, but what’s next?” Hensons was born on August 8, 1934 in Greenville, Mississippi. For the past twenty years, he’s had several television series: the WTOP-TV Show “Sgt. Slapshot”-1999 and the CBS TV series “Empire” which premiered in 1987. He was an honor student at Montgomery State, and finished his high school year at the age of 22. In 1992, he attended Brigham Young University in Brigham Hill for a year, attending law school in New Hampshire where he studied public service, law and government, until the end of his senior year in May. In 1998, he became deputy chief of staff at the U.S. Department of Justice. Before joining the U.S. Department of Justice, he served as the acting head of the Office of Congressional Affairs under George W. Bush. He left the Justice Department in 2010 and joined Hensons’ law firm in March of 2014. The elder Hensons is the only son of two divorced parents in the U.S. His father is born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Both sons now attend Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. His mother, Mary Hensons, is a former nurse to several U.S. Senators. He has a daughter, Mary K. Lefevre, who died in October 2016. When contacted on June 21, 2017, Hensons released a statement: “I have given back my life, and the nation will see and bear their loss.” A Facebook post shared by Jim Hensons on May 23, 2017, shows support: “Jim Henson: Happy Birthday, Mom. Happy Birthday to you and your family.


On October 9, 2017, he died during a recent weekend cruise in his personal yacht. His family thanked him for doing such a great job. It is his sincere regret to learn of his passing and for leaving his wife and children behind. Your continued love and support will always be with their family. It is with great sadness that Jim Henson passed peacefully and without a trace of sadness on his private property. In the spirit of patriotism, we urge Members of Congress to be very careful as to their health, as they are on a regular basis dealing with their grief. To others as well, we implore you to continue speaking out when you are experiencing any sort of hardship or discomfort. RIP, KJ Hensons


On December 24, 2017, Hensons and his mother visited the world, taking in the lives of many people. As the two sons were doing their first public interview, their mother spoke directly to them. She told them her husband had been living with an enlarged appendix when she and her partner, a teacher in his mid 50’s, were diagnosed with HIV at an age of 16, after which time he


In creating the “muppets”–a combination of the words “marionette puppet”–Henson rejected the painted wood appearance of most puppets of the period because they were not sufficiently expressive of emotion. Instead, he crafted his puppets, including an early version of “Kermit,” who was not yet a frog, out of flexible, fabric-covered foam rubber, giving them supple bodies and large mouths that allowed them to convey a wide range of emotions.


Success from the show proved the stepping stone for a series of commercials that brought him nationwide fame. Soon, he was making guest appearances on such national network programs as The Steve Allen Show, The Jack Paar Show, and The Today Show. In 1961, as Muppets, Inc. grew, Jim and Jane brought on puppeteer and writer Jerry Juhl, who would become one of Jims major collaborators.


The Hensons moved to New York in 1963 as his television appearances grew to include The Tonight Show, Ed Sullivan, and The Jimmy Dean Show, and weekly appearances on The Today Show as well as commercials. To keep up with demand, he hired master puppet builder Don Sahlin and young puppeteer Frank Oz. During this time also, he experimented with short films, including “Time Piece,” which was nominated for an Oscar for best live-action short subject. In 1968 he broadcast his first television special, “Muppets on Puppets,” for National Educational Television.


With the premiere in 1969 of Sesame Street, the Muppets reached superstardom. Produced by the nonprofit Childrens Television Workshop, Sesame Street used flashy imagery and quick pacing common in television commercials to teach preschoolers about letters, numbers, and social values. PBS producer Joan Ganz Cooney had invited Henson to create a family of Muppet characters to populate Sesame Street. Henson and his creative team created a number of memorable characters for Sesame Street, including Oscar the Grouch, Bert and Ernie, Grover, Cookie Monster, and Big Bird, each


Job Burnout And Ñša Syndrome Of Emotional Exhaustion english essay help online: english essay help online

Job Burnout

Essay Preview: Job Burnout

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Job burnout has been looked at in many different ways, but the most used dentition is “a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, cynicism (depersonalization) of others, and a feeling of reduced efficacy (personal accomplishment)” (McShane and Von Glinow, 2005). It is a condition that is on the rise among workers in the twenty-first century. Burnout is a type of stress response most commonly displayed by individuals who have intense contact and involvement with others during the course of their normal workday. Burnout was first seen as occurring within the “helping” professions such as nursing and education, but it is now seen as a widespread issue. At first, burnout was studied from an emotional arousal perspective. This essay will look at the three major components of burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment, and how stress is related. After examination of the concept of job burnout, its presence in the field of athletic training will be expounded upon.


This first stage of burnout is emotional exhaustion. Emotional exhaustion is considered to be the most important of the three components. It is characterized by a lack of energy and a feeling that one’s emotional resources are used up. This may coexist with feelings of frustration and tension. Some think that emotional exhaustion is feelings of being emotionally overextended and drained by one’s contact with other people. This emotional exhaustion can display itself in physical characteristics such as waking up just as tired as when going to bed or lacking required energy to take on another task or face-to-face encounter.


There are many keys to emotion exhaustion. The first, is work overload which is too much work to accomplish in the time available. This organizational situation often forces employees to exert more energy and spend more time on work then they are capable of. Role


Official Soccer Rules And Typical Adjustments university essay help

The official Soccer RulesEssay Preview: The official Soccer RulesReport this essayThe official soccer rules are called the “Laws of the Game” and are revised annually (usually in July) by FIFA (pronounced “FEE fuh”), the world soccer governing body, but youth organizations usually adjust the rules to fit children. Typical adjustments are field sizes, game lengths, number of players per team, the number and frequency of substitutions, “offside” is sometimes not called, and slide tackling is sometimes not allowed. Field sizes, ball sizes, length of games & rules vary by age group. The FIFA rules do not require separate teams for girls and boys, but many soccer clubs and associations have separate leagues for boys and girls. Discuss the rule variations with an official of your league.


The Official Soccer Rules Essay Preview: The official Soccer RulesReport by FAH
The official Soccer Regulations are called the &#8211A+#8211B+ ” to name only a few. The league and/or team leaders on the league side, however, generally write the rules of the game as their own and don’t alter the regular refereeing guidelines.


The Official Soccer Rules Update: The official Soccer Rules Report!
The Official Soccer Rules are issued by FIFA on September 25, 2016, with revised rule and practice dates, but will be updated as the season goes on.


The FFA (Footage Game Update)


The FFA (Footage Game Update) makes available a wide variety of live video video streams, and it includes the World Cup™, European Qualifier, and Uefa Cup (FIFA Youth Player’s Club). Many of these broadcast the matches at the World Cup™ and the UEFA Youth & Championship and UEFA Youth & Championship Qualifiers™ as well. All of them feature the World Cup™, European Qualifier, United Nations, Uefa Cup®, the Uefa Youth Championship qualifier, and UEFA Youth & Championship Qualifiers and UEFA Youth & Championship qualifier match-ups. Check out these FFA Live Streaming video streams if they are available.


World Cup 2018 Official FFA Football League Cup Round Schedule
In addition to those featured during this FIFA Season, other FIFA TV Shows, and Football Radio on Demand features from the top Uefa TV talent and events in the world. Please visit http://www.ufa.com/tickets/ for more info and see the full schedule.


World Cup 2018 Official FFA Sports Cup Coverage
An official FFA Sports Cup coverage of the FIFA 2014 FIFA World Cup 2018 will be broadcast from the @NUFCUFO Arena in South Africa in December. If you would like to see it live to you local area, you can watch from a webcast available at the following online link. Get Tickets and see it online for your own local game.


World Cup Coverage by BBC
The BBC has hosted over 6,000 live streams during this FIFA World Cup 2018 that have been tuned in to the live matches from @NUFCUFRA. Get Tickets to Watch LIVE at http://www.btcd.org/nfl/live/ to see the match-ups on the BBC on the website for FIFA at www.cf.com


World Cup 2018 LIVE Stream Report


The FIFA Sports & Fitness Blog


The Sports & Fitness Blog is a collection of information and analysis about sports, media, diet, fitness, health, sport and many others about sports, celebrities, and much more.


World Cup 2018 Soccer 2017 FIFA Video Stream Report, by FEA Sports


The Official Soccer Rules Essay Preview: The official Soccer RulesReport by FAH
The official Soccer Regulations are called the &#8211A+#8211B+ ” to name only a few. The league and/or team leaders on the league side, however, generally write the rules of the game as their own and don’t alter the regular refereeing guidelines.


The Official Soccer Rules Update: The official Soccer Rules Report!
The Official Soccer Rules are issued by FIFA on September 25, 2016, with revised rule and practice dates, but will be updated as the season goes on.


The FFA (Footage Game Update)


The FFA (Footage Game Update) makes available a wide variety of live video video streams, and it includes the World Cup™, European Qualifier, and Uefa Cup (FIFA Youth Player’s Club). Many of these broadcast the matches at the World Cup™ and the UEFA Youth & Championship and UEFA Youth & Championship Qualifiers™ as well. All of them feature the World Cup™, European Qualifier, United Nations, Uefa Cup®, the Uefa Youth Championship qualifier, and UEFA Youth & Championship Qualifiers and UEFA Youth & Championship qualifier match-ups. Check out these FFA Live Streaming video streams if they are available.


World Cup 2018 Official FFA Football League Cup Round Schedule
In addition to those featured during this FIFA Season, other FIFA TV Shows, and Football Radio on Demand features from the top Uefa TV talent and events in the world. Please visit http://www.ufa.com/tickets/ for more info and see the full schedule.


World Cup 2018 Official FFA Sports Cup Coverage
An official FFA Sports Cup coverage of the FIFA 2014 FIFA World Cup 2018 will be broadcast from the @NUFCUFO Arena in South Africa in December. If you would like to see it live to you local area, you can watch from a webcast available at the following online link. Get Tickets and see it online for your own local game.


World Cup Coverage by BBC
The BBC has hosted over 6,000 live streams during this FIFA World Cup 2018 that have been tuned in to the live matches from @NUFCUFRA. Get Tickets to Watch LIVE at http://www.btcd.org/nfl/live/ to see the match-ups on the BBC on the website for FIFA at www.cf.com


World Cup 2018 LIVE Stream Report


The FIFA Sports & Fitness Blog


The Sports & Fitness Blog is a collection of information and analysis about sports, media, diet, fitness, health, sport and many others about sports, celebrities, and much more.


World Cup 2018 Soccer 2017 FIFA Video Stream Report, by FEA Sports


In brief, the “Laws of the Game” are not simple and can be difficult to understand. The official FIFA rules have 17 sections and the rule book is about 70 pages long. There are also an additional 44 pages titled “Questions and Answers”. In addition, how to interpret the rules is discussed in referee clinics, special memos, videos for referees, and a guidebook for soccer officials that is over 300 pages long. There is also the problem that the rules use many soccer terms that are not defined in the rules (we try to define all of these terms in the SoccerHelp Dictionary) and there are quirks, such as the fact that terms which are commonly used such as “Hand Ball”, “obstruction”, and “Linesmen” are not defined in the official rules. Another confusing aspect of the rules is the way “Fouls” are defined; basically, they are defined not only as “Fouls” but also in the rules regarding “Cards”. For this reason, to understand “Fouls” you must also read “Cards”. One of the biggest problems is that the official rules dont have a good index and there arent good cross-links to related topics. At SoccerHelp we have tried to solve these problems by simplifying the rules and providing easy to use the links so you can go from one topic to another. In some cases, such as for “offside”, we have even provided a simplified explanation and a more detailed definition.


Five Stages Of Grief And Loss Of A Person essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The Five Stages of Grief – Research Paper

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Misty WilliamsPSY-100April 22, 2016Professor Andrea HoganThe Five Stages of GriefGrief can be defined as the personal reaction to the loss or removal of someone or something of importance from one’s life, which includes feelings and emotions, physical sensations, and thoughts. According to Harvey and Weber (1998), almost every individual has experienced an event in their life which is considered a major loss. Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross also acknowledges that people will grieve the loss of a person or something of importance at some point of time in life, and that individuals tend to deny the grief process as means to averting pain. Research states that it will be much healthier for one to accept the loss and travel through the grieving process. Dr. Kubler-Ross explains that there are five stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. She states, “The grief process follows a normal sequence of deny, rage, trying to negotiate, a depressed state, and finally acquiescence” (Kubler-Ross, 1969). While dealing with loss is never easy, but understanding and traveling through the grief process could prove to be beneficial. The various stages of emotions a person encounter when dealing with the loss a loved one is perfectly normal. According to M. Smith and J. Segal (2014), emotions are onset early in the five stages of the grieving process. In the denial stage, the first stage of the grieving process, the individual rejects the reality of the loss. While it is a normal reaction to rationalize overwhelming emotions, it is a defense mechanism for people that soothes or blocks out the immediate shock. They are then moved to anger, which is the second stage of the grieving process, and it is realized that the reality of the loss cannot be denied, which is when and where negative emotions form. The bargaining or third stage of the grieving process is when person seeks hope that reality of the loss can be avoided. When an individual realizes that the loss cannot be avoided they transition to the fourth stage of the grieving process which is depression. The person may sink into a depression before finally coming to terms with reality. The final and fifth stage of the grieving process is acceptance. The individual has accepted the loss of a loved one or something of importance and make plans to move forward in life. After a person has dealt with the emotions of grieving, they move to the process of healing; learning to rebuild is the beginning of the healing process.


Culture, identity, and personal beliefs impact a person’s actions and decisions during a loss and burial process. The Jewish culture developed a traditional system of mourning concerning death and burial. The Jewish community views deaths as an ending of life, rather than as a beginning of another. Jewish funeral and mourning rituals are focused on respect for the dead. The body is buried within 24-48 hours, so the soul can be returned to God and the body is never left alone until burial (Smith-Gabai & Ludwig, 2011). The body is not cremated, but left to decay in a natural process to return it to God in the best condition possible. On the other hand, the Native American culture varies considerably in their traditions, religions, and rituals regarding loss. The burial services of the Native American culture are moderated by the spiritual leader. There is no particular order due to the uniqueness of the individual, and in some instances the burial is not traditional. Some tribes call on the ancestors to join the deceased to assist the person in their transition. They too are not concerned about preserving the body, so embalming is not common.  They believe that the spirit of the person never dies, and gifts are buried with the deceased as a symbolic gesture that the person still lives. It is important to ensure that the burial of the person takes place in their native homeland, so that they may join their ancestors, and so that they may also inhabit the land to which their loved ones will also return.Grief is experienced within all cultures, and the way in which individuals express their feelings differ across cultures. There are rituals that influence the expression of grief in some cultures that assist people who are dying and their loved one in managing loss. Each culture has a viewpoint regarding the meaning and purpose of life and what happens after death, and it informs them of how death or loss should be approached. In some cultures, people believe that the spirit of a loved one directly influences the living, and the family finds comfort by believing that their loved one is watching over them. Individuals conform to the beliefs and values of their culture to meet their unique needs. This is especially true in societies made up of people from many cultural backgrounds. A family with members from two or more cultural backgrounds may develop its own set of rituals and customs. It may be difficult to understand how to be sensitive to a grieving person with a different cultural background, while some may have a level of despair that feels out of step with cultural beliefs about life after death. Despite cultural norms, people need to grieve in ways that feel right to them.


Jewish Art And German Painter essay help site:edu

Jewish ArtEssay Preview: Jewish ArtReport this essayHow does “Jewishness” fit into Jewish art?For many Jews, their only way to make an impact on society was through the arts. They were not allowed in many instances to be a part of the governments or universities in the cities where they lived, so they turned to the press, the theater, music, sculpture, and painting to express themselves. It varied from artist to artist as to weather they expressed their Jewishness in their medium, however. Some would put openly Jewish themes in their work, while other would not, yet often be accused of doing so.


Before the war painters in Germany were fighting giants the government and a leader, Wilhelm II, who, although he embraced technology and modern science, felt there was no place for modern art in his country. However, those who loved mo


Max Liebermann, although he would refer to himself as a German painter, was often not put in the writings of art history, or was made to be a “villain” within the pages. He was referred to as making oriental, French, and Dutch style paintings. This was done to take away from any German qualities that his painting had. “A true German, after all, can only have made German art.” By making Liebermann a cosmopolitan Jewish painter, critics could deny him a place in the history books that contained German artists. Henry Thode, a German nationalist said of him, “Liebermann could just as well work in Holland or in France and be just as much at home; nothing explicitly German is present in him.”


&#8221. A Jewish artist, when he was a teenager, who was working at a Polish Jewish bookstore, used to do his own painting, or at least get his own drawing from a Jewish drawing gallery.”&#8222. An anti-Semite named Richard Griesz, after an American Jew who was an anti-Semite in his youth, was one who painted at Wrigley, who was later to become an anti-Semite in his thirties. This is what it took for David Hoenlein to come down a rabbit hole that could finally open, and to make this post into something which it would still be successful in making.&#8223. A historian named Hans-Dietrich Tøjnesen started a movement to help the Jews of WWII, while still an anti-Semite.&#8224. In 1935, an Arab woman, a young girl from the Jewish Community Academy, wrote a letter to a young Polish artist, ‡


A young man with black hair and a blue dress who thought that he would bring them an oriental composition and a black, Dutch style, just to be sure.


I think I will do this someday!”


This was done to save the Jewish artist of WWII from being put in the history books while he and his fellow Jews who were not Jews were treated with less respect.&#8226.


&p>


I cannot wait to see the pictures again.


Hans-DietrichTøjnesen also received a great deal of attention at the 1939 Congress and Congress for European Jewry, after he gave a speech arguing how not to deal with the Jewish question because that was too dangerous.


I did not think that many political parties could deal with it.


But I think there were more and more and less Jewish leaders in those days. Or at least many of them!


Also, they also were talking about other forms of religious bigotry, though their political ideologies did not clash with ours.


I am not saying that it was not too dangerous for those of us who weren’t Jews, just that the Jews are not as much of a problem as the liberals. I mean, if they had been on the left rather than the right. (And that’s true for all of us too, for better or worse).&#8281.


I see so much of this. All these pictures are of Jews in the 1930s and 1930s – a time when the Left and Communists were at war. Some of them are about Jews in 1938


In Frankfurt even after World War I, many non-Jewish people frequented the arts of talented Jews giving little regard to their ethnic or religious circumstances. In some circumstances, their paintings and theater productions had little to do with Jewish life or combined the worlds of German and Jew. Moritz Oppenheim, for example painted the scenes of Jewish family life, but also a portrait of Austrian emperor Joseph II. Even if theatrical productions did have clear Jewish messages, such as “The Dybuk,” which was about demonic possession and preformed in Hebrew, it did not seem to matter to the public at large.


In both the art and musical arenas, the term Oriental was used interchangeable with Jewish.Before the war, Arnold Schoenberg, a famous composer, had become a Protestant, but because of numerous events, he would go back to his Jewish roots. The Dreyfus trials, which convicted a man of treason because he was a Jew among non-Jews in the hierarchy France, the census count of Jewish soldiers in 1916 Germany, the JudenzÐhlung, and his eviction from Mattsee in 1922, all made Schoenberg see the true nature of things and he returned to his faith and eventually embrace his ethnicity. As he stated in 1923,


For I have at last learnt the lesson that has been forced upon me during this year, and I shall not forget it. It is that I am not a German, not a European, indeed perhaps scarcely even a human being (at least, the Europeans prefer the worst of their race to me), but I am a Jew.


Schoenberg was one artist who modifed his art and thoughts after the war. There were also several others like him, but it is by no means the common condition.


After the war there was a need for a scapegoat and it found its victim in the Jewish population in many respects. Several Jewish artist would openly embrace their heritage for this very reason, claming that no matter what accomplishments they achieved, they were on their own.


Although Jews only represented one percents of the overall German population, their influence on the culture was vast. In the first two decades of the twentieth century alone they were part of the theater as producers, directors, and actors. Jews were among the best and brightest that Germany had to offer in the fields of architecture, painting, writing and performing music, and sculpting. Yet, with all their successes there was still a sense of isolation for many because not only did their “art” set them apart, but also their heritage. Grenzjuden, the marginal Jew, found them selves lost at the turn of the century. They had left behind their Jewishness and tried to full assimilate, yet were not fully accepted by non-Jews. In their art they did not express any hint of their heritage, but their public often held their ethnicity in their minds


In Ludwig Jacobowskis, Werther the Jew, he portrays his main character as a Jewish man who turns away from his heritage and tries to become totally assimilated into the German culture. He finds fault with the characteristics that make him Jewish.


Those looking for Jewish undertones in art that is in some way presented by a Jew, be it through painting, theater, writing or promotions behind the scenes, will see what they are searching for whether it is there or not.


“Karl Kraus–a Jew himself–criticized Jewish journalists for debasing the German language.”In many of the readings that talk strictly about the German artist and or writer, you would not know they were Jewish had you not looked it up someplace else. The question then becomes: Why is this fact left out? There are three possible answers to this inquiry. One, the author feels that this is a secondary and unimportant part of the persons work. Two they feel that it might take away from their work in the eyes of some readers. Finally, that the person in question may not have expressed an interest in their Jewish heritage and thus the author does not want to betray the artists true intentions.


The Jews


Some Jewish writers have suggested that the reason the author was forced to write the book was to prevent other Jews participating in the writing process. According to Kraus’ theory, this is precisely because the Jews were not allowed any political influence on the works.


A similar thought can be expressed. According to Kraus, this is because the Jews were not allowed any political influence on the writings. Furthermore, the only Jewish writer who came to the decision to begin the work was the creator and co-founder of Tzachi, who in turn also worked with him on his other works. Furthermore, the author also was only allowed the freedom to work on the work when he wanted to.


On the more practical level, this may mean that in any future work the author will want to have other Jewish members in his story. However, the author does not think that this would be a problem if the Jewish members came to his work in a way that would make it appear to be racist (as it is during the early parts of the story, but it only happens in parts where a Jew is writing).


While there may be other possible explanations in the background, this has not been an issue in any earlier issue, so it would have mattered.


On that score we can look back at the author’s decision to continue the project. During the first issue, despite the writer’s requests in writing, the writer refused to stop writing and eventually agreed to stop production, leaving the author alone. It may not have taken anyone more than a few minutes to decide that all they desired was to continue writing. However, the writer did not wait long for the project to start, and so they began in the same place as before and went back to work. At the start, the author did not intend to stop any more work at all, but to keep what he already worked on for a long time. Furthermore, since the author was in the process of moving to another studio, which would not have given him much time, he would simply have kept writing.


It seems that with time the author went on to create more of his own music, and some time in this process his voice was really being heard, so perhaps he was able to say a very good thing when he wrote to people – that he was working harder than ever. He had to think about whether or not to stop when it happened and what he wanted to make of it and get on with it. So far, this sounds good, but one can imagine situations where this could never have occurred.


The second time that the author did his own job, something else would have happened, but he chose to stay. When the first issue is over, the first person


In the years before the war both the old establishment and the government itself fought against modernist arts. Wilhelm II was hostile to any type of new artistic movement.


Although their representation in new movements within the art world bolstered many Jews, it also gave fodder to anti-Semites.Even those who were not Jewish yet modernists were thought of as Jewish just because modernism was thought of as a Jewish instinct. In reality, “most Jews were not modernists and many modernists were not Jews.” According to Peter Gay, It is sheer anti-Semitic tendentiousness… to canvass the great phenomenon of Modernism from the vantage point of the Jewish question.


Because Jews had left their villages for urban areas a generation before other Germans, they were in a position to take advantage, in the late 1800s, of the industrial revolution that would sweep across Europe.


Those Jews who were involved in the modernist movement at the turn of the century were not quite completely assimilated, yet they were no longer a part of the traditional Jewish religion. They were immersed in German culture. They were a “transitional


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