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Relationships with children summary and response essay help

Know how to interact with and respond to children and young people 1. 1 There are many different things that are very important in making respectful and professional relationships with children. It is extremely important to praise and encourage children when communicating with them, this lets them know when they have done something well and will encourage them to try their best and do well as much as they can.

Praising can be verbal, in the form of a sticker or merit, certificates or a prize. Younger children often find it easier to speak rather than listen when communicating, however it is important that they learn to be patient and be respectful of others when they are speaking, if an adult models this to them then they are more likely to copy and learn this behaviour. Non-verbal communication can often be very useful and effective within a classroom environment.

Teaching assistants especially may use gestures instead of vocabulary as it means they can communicate with the children without disturbing the teacher or the rest of the children, something as simple as eye contact and a frown will tell the student that they are doing something wrong, they have been noticed and that they need to stop. When speaking to children it is always better to be at their level as standing over them can often intimidate them, it is important to keep distance but ensure they know they are being listened too.

Children of this age are still very dependent on adults for a number of tasks, such as, getting dressed, feeding and bathing. When you are working with children of this age it is very important to only have contact with them when it is absolutely necessary, for example, when a child goes to the toilet they may need help cleaning themselves up afterwards and putting the trousers back on, when helping a child with this you must keep the toilet doors open and ensure that another adult is present.

Children of this age are also more likely to be clingy and want physical contact, especially for comfort if for example they hurt themselves. You should avoid hugging as much as possible to avoid accusations of inappropriate behaviour. Children in this stage of development are still learning simple rights and wrongs, such as not to hit, to share, and to say please and thank you. When telling a child off at this age it may be more effective to change the tone of your voice instead of raise your voice to them, they are likely to find a raised voice much more intimidating and become distressed.

Emphasising the word “no” to a child of this age will allow them to understand what they did was wrong. 3-7 years – When children of this age misbehave and are told what they have done is wrong, they are likely to ask for an explanation, it is very important to remain calm and explain as clearly as possible why what they did was wrong and give them a simple warning of what might happen if they were to do it again, such as time on the naughty step.

Children in this development stage are becoming aware of privacy, it is important to give them this. For example, when children are changing for P. E they may try to keep themselves covered during the process, it is important that their right to privacy is respected. They are also becoming more aware of personal body parts, if they are injured or hurting anywhere near to one of those areas and attempt to show you, it is vital that it be done in a private room but with another professional adult present to avoid any accusations.

This development stage is usually just further development of ages 3-7, as they continue to develop their vocabulary and understand of various types of relationships and how they differ, for example, friends, family and teachers. Girls of this age may begin to show signs of early puberty/maturing, meaning they might become more sensitive and have lower self-esteem. This means they are likely to crave more encouragement and praise when they are doing well, or feel as though they are not doing very well at something.

They become more aware of what other people think of them and might begin to develop friendship groups that they will spend as much time as they can with. They might begin to have more personal worries that they might wish to share with you or ask questions about, as a teaching assistant it is important to treat the questions with sensitivity and take note of anything worrying that may need looking into. 11-19 years – At this stage of development both males and females will be going through puberty and become more dependent on each other when they need somebody as opposed to adults.

This can be the age when their school work becomes less important to them and their social life becomes more important. Teachers must be aware of this and speak to parents if they feel that their work is slipping in standard. This may be the age where they will require more guidance in the decisions they are making, it is important to not dictate to them what is right and wrong in these decisions. Both girls and boys may have low self-esteem and feel they are not good enough as they become more aware or self-image and are unsure of their future.

Relationships between teaching staff at students at this age must remain professional as some young people may look to a teacher as a friend and inappropriate behaviour may occur such as trying to friend teachers on social networking sites. 1. 3 Peer mediation is a method used within primary schools to encourage children to solve their own disagreements with each other with adult supervision. This involves two class nominated mediators speaking to the children that have had the disagreement, listening to both sides of the story, and deciding together on the best solution for the problem.

Some disagreements between children cannot be solved using peer mediators because the issue may be too severe. For example a violent/physical problem requires an adult to solve the issue. It is important that both sides of the story are listened to in full (this may need to be done separately to avoid interruption) if the teacher did not witness the incident then they may need to use evidence such as a mark on a child where they have been hit or a witness statement from another child in order to solve the issue as fairly as possible, both children should apologise to each other and the incident should be written in the behaviour book.

Children learn a lot through each development stage through observation and example. If an adult were to praise a child after doing something well it may encourage another to behave/do the same as they want to be praised as well, this promotes positive and effective interactions with both adults and the other children as they learn from each other. Ensuring that there is no favouritism of children within a class is a key part of promoting positive behaviour and interactions. If one child is told off for something and then another child is ignored for doing the same it is likely to promote negative behaviour and interactions.

It is important for adults to model respectful behaviour as children learn form example. B) As children learn form example, seeing a teacher (somebody they should view as a role model) do something wrong this could result in a child believing that they could do the same. For example if an adult is seen to be carrying scissors the wrong way round, littering or interrupting somebody when they are speaking the children are likely to view this as acceptable behaviour and copy this behaviour. This then has a negative impact on their interactions.

Electrical circuits nursing essay help: nursing essay help

The purpose and objectives of this lab was to be able to draw completed electrical circuits using the correct symbols for selected electrical components, including batteries and diodes. Another focus was to calculate the proper resistance using Ohm’s law, use proper electrical currents and quantities, and lastly measure voltage and resistance in an electrical circuit using a multimeter. Materials: Wire Light Emitting Diodes (red, green, blue) Alligator Chips Resistors Multimeter 9-volt battery Procedures:

With the components provided in the lab kit, “build” the DC series circuit. 2. Using the resistors provided, that limits the current to less than 20 ma, use the multimeter to measure the voltage drops across each component in the circuit. 3. When using the multimeter to measure, start with the highest scale and work down to the scale that provides the most readable voltage value. Record the data found in an Excel spreadsheet. 4. Use the voltage drops across the resistor and the value of the resistor to calculate the current flow through the resistor.

This experiment allowed one to develop the knowledge and skill of creating a functional circuit by first learning about each electronic component that plays a role in maintaining a circuit. These components included resistors, which limit the flow of electric current, a multimeter, which was used to measure the voltage drops, diodes, and LEDs that convert electricity to light. The theory of the lab was to observe and record information found in the relationship between light frequency and the energy of the light. As indicated in the results and the plotted graph, the LED obeys the Ohm’s Law.

We know this because of the straight, linear line that was created by voltage vs. current. The slope of the line represents the steady increase of the resistance. One can be confident that this line represents the resistance and is in turn an accurate depiction for the value of the resistor. Because this lab dealt with new instruments and was very hands on, the risk of error was greater. Error in the results can be the misuse of the multimeter or recording the wrong observations. Creating the circuit could have also been set up incorrectly or could have been low quality due to lack of experience.

Looking back at the theory and objectives of this lab, I believe I did meet the purpose of this experiment. Through trial and error I conducted a current where I could visualize and analyze all the components that go into creating a current. To modify the procedure, I would add more direction and “how to,” to better the understanding of the next student. The pictures used in the lab really helped to complete all procedures.

Beauty Contest college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

In the average dictionary beauty is defined as a combination of qualities that pleases aesthetic senses, especially the sight. Unfortunately, in today’s society, the meaning of beauty has become extremely distorted and in place beauty pageants have become very popular. These contests take place across the entire world; in big cities and small towns. The contestants’ ages range from 0 to 30 years old. Thus, children are thrown into this lifestyle, without knowing exactly what they are getting into.

They are judged by physical beauty and sometimes personality and talent, with the winners awarded prizes or titles. Many people say that it beauty pageants boost ones confidence but in fact, they increase eating disorders, excessive dieting and can even lower ones self-esteem all because they do not feel as physically attractive as “they should be”. In more ways than one, beauty pageants significantly impact young girl’s life as she develops into a woman. According to an article by Women’s News, the United States generates approximately 100,000 beauty pageants for young girls and approximately 2.5 million girls compete in them.

For most pageants, children are entered into them as soon as they are able to sit up by themselves. This means that from a young age these girls learn that the worth of a person is solely based on appearance, thus enabling them into a vain and insecure individual in the future. Though these pageants host talent portions, they are often flooded with over promiscuous dance routines and outfits, throwing pageant kids into things that are not appropriate for their age. Sadly enough, not every girl that enters a beauty contest can win.

So, their parents become very competitive and make them go through tanning, waxing and many make-up and hair sessions, to guarantee that they are the “best”. However, when these girls do lose, they believe that they were not good enough for the judges and lose all of their self-esteem. These pageant kids now become overly competitive and believe everything is about winning. And even worse, a high percentage of these pageant kids will engage in cosmetic and plastic surgery in the future to maintain their definition of beauty.

In addition to low self-esteem, beauty pageants can create many bad habits including excessive dieting. Because the parents of these young girls are very obsessive with their children’s appearance they end up robbing them of their childhood. They are not able to grab a slice of pizza or even a kid’s meal because they are watching every calorie intake. These young girls are forced to go on crash diets, to gain energy and lose weight very quickly. Sadly, this creates a number of problems for their health such as impaired growth, menstrual irregularities, low blood pressure and impaired kidney functions.

Unfortunately, many of these parents do not know exactly how they are impacting their children’s bodies. They are not only forming nutritional deficiencies but psychological issues too. According to the National Association of Eating Disorders, 90% of the time, girls who were forced to start a diet from a young age increase the frequency of taking extreme measures to continue a “perfect” figure, which is very destructive to one’s health. Excessive dieting can lead the way for a more harmful habit, eating disorders.

In today’s society, 35% of “occasional dieters” progress into pathological dieting, (disordered eating) and as many as 25%, advance to full-blown eating disorders (Philadelphia Eating Disorder Examiner, July 2011). When these pageant kids grow into young women, they have all of their eggs stacked in one basket, which in this case will be the “looks department”. They are so used to concentrating on the external and superficial aspects of beauty that they cannot focus on reality. The longing to be thin like the supermodels on magazine covers, causes these pageant girls to go to extreme measures such as bulimia and anorexia.

In one situation, a pageant girl as young as 6 years old was hospitalized with anorexia, which was linked to body image. This is not acceptable at all. But the blame cannot be solely placed on them. Their moms are so obsessed with their image; they allow their children to engage in these horrific activities. There is therefore no doubt that beauty pageants do no good for these kids. In closing, beauty pageants cause a great deal of problems for girls in the long run. These pageants are more likely to hurt one then to help one.

These pageants are supposed to boost confidence, when in reality they ruin children’s lives and basically kill their mental beings. I believe that beauty pageants for kids are a form of child abuse. These mothers exploit their children, teaching them that there will always be a person better than them. This is unacceptable and beauty pageants need to be banned because beauty is not counterfeit. It is being confident in your own skin without the approval of others. The time for taking action has come.

Muslim Mosque vs Christian Basilica essay help us: essay help us

There are many differences between the muslim and christian Basilica as well as many similarities. They also have so many things that make them unique in their own way. Taking a further look at each belief helps us have a clearer understanding of the Mosque and the Basilica. The word Islam is Arabic and means “submission to the will of God. ” Islam teaches that one must submit to God in Arabic in order to achieve true peace of mind. Allah is God, the same God Christians and Jews worship.

The word Muslim means one who submits to the will of God, regardless of race, nationality or ethnic background. Muhammad is believed to be the final prophet. Human beings are not believed to be sinful, but are seen as capable of both good and evil. Muslims believe God has given people free will. It is known “One’s deeds and actions measure one’s faith”. Islamic teachings encompass all aspects of life and ethics; consciousness of God is encouraged in all aspects of human affairs. Worship in Islam is not limited to religious rituals.

Muslims believe the Qur’an has been perfectly preserved in both its words and meaning in a living language. God’s final revelation to humankind was publicly recited in front of both Muslim and non-Muslim communities during the lifetime of the Prophet. The Qur’an’s main message is submit to Almighty God and worship Him alone. Muhammad, a documented, historic figure, lived in the full light of history. God sent the revelation to Muhammad over the course of 23 years, and he in turn preached and lived it.

He was a man who lived a humble life in the service of God, and established an all-encompassing religion and way of life by showing what it means to be an ideal friend, husband, teacher, ruler, warrior and judge. The true balance of an Islamic life is established by having a healthy fear of God as well as a belief in His infinite Mercy. A life without fear of God leads to sin and disobedience, but believing that we have sinned so much that God will not possibly forgive us only leads to despair.

Islam teaches that life is a test, and that all human beings will be accountable before God. Apart of the Christianity belief, there is a set of biblical ethnics and moral codes that we can chose to abide by to represent our Christian faith. With choosing this faith you choose to worship one god and practice your faith in one Sabbath or also know as a church. Christians strong believe in accepting the death of Jesus and resurrection of Jesus as well that all sinful acts done by people can be repented by god if that person has promise to devote themselves to god.

Christians devote one day a week which is Sunday to praise in the name of god, which they meet at the church and read a scripture from the bible and speak of the struggles that god has went through in order for gods people to live the life they live now. After they read the scriptures and rejoice over the good and bad things in their life they pray and accept the body of Christ which is bread and wine. Then throughout the week in order to keep the Christian faith alive in your life and household you may read the bible and pray daily. Hypostyle mosque means “many columns”.

Most mosques built in Arab lands utilized this style for centuries. The architecture is shaped mostly on the strong regional traditions of the time and place where it is built. The most necessity of mosque architecture is that it would be able to hold the entire male population of a city. The congregational mosques are required to have a large prayer hall, and this is done so by an open courtyard known as a “Sahn”. In the courtyard is a hot water fountain and is used for ritual cleansing that is done before prayer. The Mihrab is a niche in the wall that indicated the direction of Mecca, to which all Muslims pray.

Minaret is a tower that is usually attached to the mosque which is where the call to prayer is announced. There is calligraphic art. The Christian Basilica differs because it is used as a large public building where business or legal matters could be transacted. The first Basilica had no religious function. The shape of the had a floor plan of a rectangular hall but one usually followed into churches that led into the central body with one aisle at each side and a vault at one end opposite to the main door at the other end.

There was a raised platform from where the clergy officiated. This building plan was mostly used for smaller audience halls of the emperors, governors, and the very rich than for the great public basilicas functioning as law courts and other public purposes. In conclusion, the architecture of the Mosque and how it has shaped Muslim beliefs differ to the interior space from the Christian Basilica. This essay has been formatted to explain the Muslim and Christian beliefs and the architecture of the Mosque and the Basilica.

Gay Rights college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

“In the past decade, 31 states put to a vote the question of whether or not gay people should be allowed to get married. 31 states have put those minority rights up to a vote and in all 31 of those states, that minority rights issue has gone down to defeat. But here’s the thing about rights. They’re not actually supposed to be voted on. That’s why they’re called rights. ” There should be legislation allowing same sex marriage in all states of the United States. They should be treated like any other American and receive the same rights as everyone else.

Most states in the United States have voted against any legislation proposed to legalize gay marriage, this is unethical. Many of those in the Republican party and those who are very conservative believe that homosexuals are abominations and it is against religions to marry someone of the same sex. What ever happened to separation of church and state? Another opposition to gay marriage is that it will ruin children’s views on life and harm their “Family Values,” but in reality does not. Many Americans state that allowing gay marriage will lead to interspecies marriages, among many others.

Are the people of the LGTBQ community not Americans? They were born here in the United States, they are citizens too, that does not make them aliens and make it moral to take away their rights. The people of the community should be allowed to get married to whomever they love and choose to spend the rest of their lives with. It does not interfere with anyone else’s rights so why should Americans be able to take theirs away? Nine states in the United States have voted yes and legalized gay marriage, including Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Iowa, Washington, Maryland and Maine.

Many other states have voted to allow civil unions and domestic partnerships. They allow for equality. They recognize these marriages and the rights to healthcare and benefits. When debating about religion there is a vicious cycle. Many Americans believe that it is against their religion to allow same sex marriage, but not everyone is religious and some individuals do not believe in anything. The issue of separating church and state comes into view because people are against allowing same sex couples to be married in the church.

If legislation was passed only allowing same sex marriages to occur in courthouses would defeat that problem. They could keep their religion “sacred” while allowing those marriages to occur. For some Americans to state that allowing same sex marriages will ruin their children’s views on life is utterly wrong. It will not force any child to grow up and think they have to be part of the LGBTQ community but will in fact allow them to realize that it is acceptable to love whoever they love and it will be accepted by the United States government.

Many children in the United States have grown up with homosexual parents and later married heterosexually. Gay parents do not have to have gay children. Allowing same sex marriage will not lead to interspecies marriage or other types of marriages that are not between two human beings. As Bill Maher said, “New Rule: Gay marriage won’t lead to dog marriage. It is not a slippery slope to rampant inter- species coupling. When women got the right to vote, it didn’t lead to hamsters voting. No court has extended the equal protection clause to salmon. And for the record, all marriages are “same sex” marriages.

You get married, and every night, it’s the same sex. ” It will still just be marriage, between two people who love each other and want to spend the rest of their lives together. Same sex marriage will be just that. It will not interfere with others lives but the people in the marriage. They are not abominations. They deserve the same rights as all Americans. The government of the United States should pass a law stating that same sex marriage should be allowed in all courthouses of the United States of America. Rights should not be voted on, they should just be our rights.

Comparite to the truman show writing essay help: writing essay help

The Truman Show have many similarities. The setting, characters, themes, conflicts, and plot of Fahrenheit 451 all have many distinct characteristics that allow for the novel to be compared with this particular movie. The ideas of characters, setting and conflicts are very similar and give you a different perspective on each work. The Truman Show and Fahrenheit 451 are very similar in that the main characters deal with many similar conflicts. One conflict that is similar is that lives are controlled.

Truman’s life is the utmost controlled. His “creator”, Christof controls what happens to him at any given moment. Christof also controls what the people who watch think and see. He makes them believe that Truman wants this lifestyle and could have gotten out of this life if he wanted to, which is not true. In Fahrenheit 451, the government controls what everyone thinks, does, watches, learns, and more. People in their society aren’t supposed to think or read. Reading is so horrible, that the fireman burn the books if they catch you having or reading one.

They burn all of your possessions in an instant. The perfect person in society is someone who stares at their parlor walls all day and overdoses on pills because they have no idea what they are doing because they aren’t thinking. Another similar conflict is both main characters want to leave society. Throughout the film, Truman starts to realize everything is on a cycle and people who he never knew, knew him. He tried to escape many times and he couldn’t till he faced his fear of water. Then he realized his whole life has been a lie and he has been living in a dome controlled by someone.

Montag wanted to leave society because he felt like he didn’t belong and he didn’t want someone telling him if he could read or not because he truly enjoyed it. He wanted to leave society and he did and lived with people who had the same interests as him. The last example of a similar conflict is love. Truman isn’t loved by his wife, Meryl. She is just paid to spend her life with him. He has no idea that he is living with people who lie to him every day. Montag is also not loved by his wife. Their society has brainwashed her only to think about her parlor walls.

Mildred didn’t even remember where they first met. While these two works are very similar in conflict, they are also similar in other ways. The Truman Show and Fahrenheit 451 are very similar in that the main characters live in a setting that is not a good place for them. The similarities between the settings is that there are very few people who the main characters can trust. In Fahrenheit 451, not only does the society lack knowledge due to their nonexistent books but, they live in a city where your own neighbors will turn against you in a second.

In The Truman show everyone has been lying to Truman his wife, father, mother, best friend and every other person he meets. The second similarity is they both live in very controlled societies. In Fahrenheit 451 the population is controlled by the government immensely. They aren’t allowed to read or think. In the Truman show Truman has no idea that everyone has been watching his entire life on a screen. He has never ever had privacy and everyone is the world has been tuned in. The last example of a similarity in setting is the idea of censorship. In Fahrenheit 451, the characters are not allowed to read and everyone learns in the same way.

In school they make reading seem very boring and that you would never want to do it. The government brainwashes them and controls everything that they watch or see. In the film, The Truman Show, Truman is brainwashed to believe that he lives in a normal environment and lives a normal life. Truman is 34 years old in the film and he has never seen a camera once and there is over 500,000 of them in his town. Truman is extremely sheltered and has now idea about it. These are just some of the ways the setting compares in both works. The Truman show and Fahrenheit 451 are very similar because of the characters.

So many characters have a similar “twin” just like itself in the other work. The first similar characters are Clarisse and Lauren. They both are outcasts and try to help the main characters. They change the main characters way of thinking. They are the only real people in both societies. Clarisse and Lauren both aren’t allowed to be themselves in their society that they live in. They both end up disappearing. The second similar characters are Meryl and Mildred. They both truly do not love their husbands and are just going through life doing what their told not really caring about anyone but their selves.

Both characters just end up hurting Montag or Truman because they never cared about them in the first place. The last similar characters are Montag and Truman. They are both the main characters who struggle and face the conflicts. They both live censored lives but want to escape their society to know how a real society works and have the chance to live a real life. The Truman Show and Fahrenheit 451 have many similarities. Both works have the themes of censorship, individuality vs. society, knowledge vs. ignorance and happiness. Each similarity gives you a different perspective. These two works are very comparable.

Psychoanalytic Personality a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Sigmund Freud is probably the most recognizable name in psychology by both those in the field and those who are not. As the father of psychoanalysis he contributed a great deal to the field and to society as a whole. One of his major contributions would be based on this theory of personality. This theory, outlined in 1923, is based on the principal that the human mind consists of three levels of consciousness: conscious, unconscious, and preconscious.

Each of these levels of consciousness takes place in the personality structure divided into three elements called the id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, the disparity and development of the id, ego and the superego, determines an individual’s behavior in a given situation, which in turn results in the development of the personality (Rana, 1997). According to Freud, one’s experiences in childhood form the personality they have as an adult and is broken into five psychosexual years of development. These early years proceed through a number of stages. Each child undergoes the different stages.

These stages are the oral stage (first year of life), the anal stage ( second year), phallic stage (third through fifth year), a period of latency (from 6 to 12), and the genital stage (after puberty). Freud believed that as every child passes through these stages there might be a likely possibility that a child may spend more time in a particular stage then they ought to. This condition can lead to a fixation or an incomplete development of the personality. A critical event during the first five years of life is the experience of Oedipus and Electra conflicts.

Freud believed that both sexes encounter and must deal with these turmoil’s, which result from boys developing sexual attraction toward their mothers, and girls developing sexual attraction towards their fathers. A boy may have feelings of jealousy towards his father as he is an obstacle between him and his mother. And, they fear retaliation by their fathers if they are caught (fear of castration). Since the boy loves his father, these feelings are repressed and he begins to identify with the father, adopting his values. Similarly girls develop hostility towards their mothers, unconsciously blaming their mothers for not being equal with boys.

They assume that something is missing and feels inadequate (penis envy). What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples. Jung What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Adler What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree?

One of his major contributions would be based on this theory of personality. This theory, outlined in 1923, is based on the principal that the human mind consists of three levels of consciousness: conscious, unconscious, and preconscious. Each of these levels of consciousness takes place in the personality structure divided into three elements called the id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, the disparity and development of the id, ego and the superego, determines an individual’s behavior in a given situation, which in turn results in the development of the personality (Rana, 1997).

According to Freud, one’s experiences in childhood form the personality they have as an adult and is broken into five psychosexual years of development. These early years proceed through a number of stages. Each child undergoes the different stages. These stages are the oral stage (first year of life), the anal stage ( second year), phallic stage (third through fifth year), a period of latency (from 6 to 12), and the genital stage (after puberty). Freud believed that as every child passes through these stages there might be a likely possibility that a child may spend more time in a particular stage then they ought to.

This condition can lead to a fixation or an incomplete development of the personality. A critical event during the first five years of life is the experience of Oedipus and Electra conflicts. Freud believed that both sexes encounter and must deal with these turmoil’s, which result from boys developing sexual attraction toward their mothers, and girls developing sexual attraction towards their fathers. A boy may have feelings of jealousy towards his father as he is an obstacle between him and his mother. And, they fear retaliation by their fathers if they are caught (fear of castration).

Since the boy loves his father, these feelings are repressed and he begins to identify with the father, adopting his values. Similarly girls develop hostility towards their mothers, unconsciously blaming their mothers for not being equal with boys. They assume that something is missing and feels inadequate (penis envy). What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples.

Causes of World War One my assignment essay help: my assignment essay help

There were many reasons why World War One broke out: imperialism was taken into effect, nationalism and unification of nations was very popular, alliances all over Europe were established and glorifying one’s military rapidly rose. World War One started in July of 1914, and lasted until November 1918. The primary cause of WW1 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; however, alliances developed prior to the war and the glorification in country’s military made the call for war nearly imperative.

Militarism is when a country builds a strong military with the intention to use it when it is thought necessary. A nation will glorify it’s military and impose a threat to surrounding nations, which will lead those nations to establish larger, stronger, and more potent militaries. This was the case with Germany and France: Germany began to build up a forceful army in order to prepare for defense against France if necessary. This made the French feel threatened, and influenced to initiate in building an even larger army. This caused WW1 because both nations felt a threat against each other.

Another example of militarism that caused WW1 was Germany building a large navy, as opposed to Great Britain. Again, Germany managed to impose a threat towards another nation, causing for that nation to feel obligated in establishing a stronger navy than Germany’s. Every nation at this point in time felt they had to have the biggest and strongest form of military in order to feel a sense of protection. The main cause of WW1 was the attack against Franz Ferdinand, who was the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Austria-Hungary had control over Serbia, and Serbs did not like this.

The Black Hand, a Serbian terrorist group, wanted Serbia to be free from Austria-Hungary’s rule. This caused WW1 because the nationalism in the Black Hand drove them to attack Ferdinand in order to try and gain back Serbia’s control in its land. The goal of the Black Hand was to break of Austro-Hungarian power in Serbia to form a Greater Serbia, which would be accomplished by attacking Ferdinand in Sarajevo, Bosnia where he was scheduled to visit on June 28, 1914. This assassination led Austria-Hungary to believe Serbia was behind the Black

Hand’s movement. After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. As Serbia and Austria-Hungary prepared to go to war, Russia offered support to Serbia, causing for Germany to declare war on Russia. This caused WW1 because the alliances drew nations into fighting, and it led to a huge war. As Germany and Russia went to war, Russia looked to France for help. Germany later declared war on France due to its alliance with Russia, and soon, Germany invaded Belgium as part of the Schleifen Plan.

The Schleifen Plan was arranged for Germans to invade Belgium, and through Belgium, take Paris, then sweep back to Russia to take Moscow. This caused WW1 because the powerful nations of Europe were drawn into a state of war, and after Germany’s invasion in Belgium, Great Britain (who was allied with Russia and France) declared war on Germany and began a naval blockade (didn’t allow for Germany to get supplies). The primary cause of WW1 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; however, alliances developed prior to the war and the glorification in country’s military made the call for war nearly imperative.

The assassination brought attention to many nations, which led to a rise in militarism between nations. Alliances also led to many nations coming together, using their militaries to take down opposing nations. Irrelevant things like feeling your army and navy is stronger than that of some other nations, connection between countries, and the attacking of an unpopular Austro-Hungarian heir led to a breakout of chaos in what we know today as World War One.

The Raft of the Medusa essay help online free: essay help online free

The Raft of the Medusa, is extraordinary: exhibiting an intensity that sets it apart from all other works to date. Upon viewing this piece, it becomes immediately apparent that there is a tense struggle being depicted by Gericault. When one lays their eyes on this piece, they are guided along a fading beam of light shining upon the raft, from the bottom left of the painting to the top right. This guide, of sorts, occurs naturally as a result of the dramatic contrast of light and dark.

The character lying half-submerged in the ocean and the sail placed in upper left quadrant of the piece counter-balance the weight of the bright light stretching from lower-left to upper-right. Such an arrangement contributes a sense of spatial recognition, or depth, and ocular movement is created by this element. There is a distinct foreground, middleground, and background. The makeshift raft that is barely keeping its occupants afloat makes up the foreground and attracts the majority of the viewer’s attention. The middleground and background is designated by the bluish-green hue of the waves juxtaposed with the yellowish-gold sky.

A horizon is created by this color contrast. These elements are brilliantly comprised, allowing any spectator to immediately comprehend the sorrowful event, or action, taking place in Theodore Gericault’s, The Raft of the Medusa. Movement is further addressed through the soft, meandering lines used to portray their clothing and the sail. Inarguably, these lines are intended to illustrate the poor weather conditions and raging seas. They also do the favor of hinting towards the movement of the characters themselves. In addition, the composition is dramatized even further through sharp changes in value.

This contrast does two things for the piece: infers that the sun is setting, which generates a sense of immediacy, while also brightly illuminating the figures. Both add to its overall power and aesthetic. To fully experience Theodore Gericault’s poignant masterpiece, The Raft of the Medusa, one must stand in front of the original. At twenty-four feet across and sixteen feet high, the painting’s sheer size is astonishing. Combined, the dramatic scene being depicted, and Gericault’s talent, it is truly something that cannot be ignored. Frankly, there is no amount or combination of words that could do the painting justice.

I Have a Dream buy essay help: buy essay help

This speech took place in Washington, D. C in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial where hundreds of thousands of black and white Americans gathered to hear MLK make history. In his speech, MLK frequently called for an immediate end to segregation, and spoke of the injustices that blacks have faced in their fight for equality.

This speech had a profound effect on the Civil Rights Movement, because only a short time after this speech was delivered, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed, proving the true significance of this speech. MLK’s speeches and peaceful demonstrations incited change in the hearts and minds of Americans nationwide. He took an enormous risk in delivering this speech, knowing that many white folks, as well as the US government would surely want his head for delivering a speech such as this one. However, he stood tall and brave, and inspired an entire nation to change.

Therefore, through MLK’s masterful use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions, he was able to prove to all Americans that racism and segregation are not the intended foundations of America. As MLK delivered his speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial he alluded to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, saying, “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. ” MLK’s reference to Lincoln established authority into his speech. Lincoln was a very powerful who played a critical role in shaping America in his time as President.

He empowered the American people throughout the civil war, gained the trust of America and established a new sense of freedom that would live on until today. MLK is invoking the authority of Lincoln to strengthen his own view on civil rights. Therefore, this quote provides a strong appeal to ethos, and establishes credibility with his audience. MLK also alludes to the Declaration of Independence to bring authority to his cause for racial equality as he quotes, ‘“unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

” The utilization of this quote is for the purpose of showing that MLK has a supreme authority on his side. He is stating that the American government has not lived up to this promise to all American citizens, and has neglected to safeguard its authority. By doing so, he establishes his credibility, by referring to the authority of a great American, and our own Constitution. Metaphors, another useful rhetorical device, are essential to help audiences fully understand an idea. It compares an idea with something the audience is familiar with, which brings about feelings such as ethos and pathos.

MLK used metaphors to further address his point to the audience in a clear, create, and concise manor. He uses a plethora of fairly complicated metaphors in his speech, claiming that by “the Constitution and Declaration of Independence,” the forefathers of America were “signing a promissory note” that all men, regardless of the color of their skin, were to be granted equal rights. MLK then goes on to say on behalf of the blacks, the US government has given them a “bad check,” a bad check that does not promise them the same rights that have been given to the white population.

Later on, MLK says that many equal rights activists and the passive, quiet ones too tired to fight, have been “battered by the storms of persecution” and the “winds of police brutality. ” Through this metaphor, MLK displays the supporters of the Jim Crow laws, laws that destroyed the lives of many southern African-Americans, in a negative way. Both of these metaphors are related to ethos, because the first metaphor relates to the human ethic of keeping promises between one another.

Meanwhile, the second metaphor speaks of torture, something that evokes pathos in the reader, who can feel the pain of African-Americans in their fight for freedom. Finally, MLK utilizes a variety of metaphors when affirming that with faith, it is possible to alter the “jangling discords” of the segregated US, and transform it into a “beautiful symphony of brotherhood. ” This metaphor, on the other hand, is related to alliteration, as the audience immediately feels good because the euphony created by this word choice.

These metaphors used by MLK are aimed to make the audience, as well as the world, recognize that continued racial injustice would lead to complete chaos in the future, while racial equality will lead to a beautiful society for centuries to come. Therefore, MLK convinced the world that by giving blacks equal rights, the entire nation as a whole would greatly benefit. MLK utilized a series of rhetorical questions, as well as ethos and pathos, to enhance the meaning of his speech. He used the rhetorical question, “When will you be satisfied? ” in order to stir up the feelings of black folks in attendance.

When in the middle section of his speech, MLK says that whites ask black activists when blacks will be satisfied with their position in society. He then answers this question by stating that blacks will not be satisfied as long as long as social equality is not achieved. MLK then conjures up the feelings of blacks in the crowd with his rhetorical question, by including the various examples of racial injustices towards black citizens when he answers himself. This is intended to display pathos, as it is very effective in bringing upon the anger and frustration felt by the large majority of black citizens in the crowd.

Therefore, the rhetorical question is useful to MLK, as it excites African-American’s feelings towards racism. In turn, this inspires them to do everything possible to end the injustices they have been endured for the past centuries. Through MLK’s masterful use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions, he was able to prove to all Americans that racism and segregation are not the intended foundations of America. MLK’s most famous speech was the “I Have a Dream” speech given in 1963 during one of the most famous marches in history, the 200,000-strong “March on Washington For Jobs and Freedom.

” At the time, America was in the grips of racism and segregation, making the lives of many blacks a living hell. “I Have a Dream,” however, played a major step into changing that. It managed to inspire a generation of blacks to never give up and made thousands of white Americans bitterly ashamed of their actions, forging a new start for society. Even now, it continues to make generations of people, not just Americans, give up their racist beliefs and advocate for social equality. Without MLK, America would be most likely heavily segregated today.

Other than the speech’s heartwarming and moving content, King’s effective use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions clearly reveal the reason why “I Have a Dream” is a masterpiece of rhetoric. His excellent ability to blend his stirring rhetoric, with exquisite use of literary devices persuaded hundreds of thousands of people to support the blacks instead of treating them unfairly, and is why this speech changed the course of American history for centuries to come.

Vendor Managed Inventory college application essay help online: college application essay help online

Based on the risk factors associated with the Bugabyte and the Bugabyte Lite, which product do you think Grunwald and Vogel will recommend as the best candidate for assembly outsourcing? To decide which product, either Bugabyte or Bugabyte Lite, is the best candidate, Metrovox has to identify its core competencies and to outsource non-core activities. I personally think Grunwald and Vogel will recommend Bugabyte Lite for assembly outsourcing while Bugabyte to be kept assembling in-house and not to pass out to others to perform. Bugabyte Lite has been on market for over six years with the same quality but a new look.

It has a well established assembly process and product testing. This helps Metrovox to outsource its Bugabyte Lite because Metrovox can easily establish production standards and testing guidelines in its requirement documents for outsourcers to follow. It also helps Metrovox to establish performance indices to access quality control. So, those outsourcers have a higher chance of meeting Metrovox’s high quality product expectations. By contrast, the Bugabyte is still relatively new on the market and just recently Metrovox has included several new stages in their assembly stage.

Communication to those Bugabyte outsourcers to comply with the new production stages standards may not be easy initially and so Metrovox may sacrifice the high Bugabyte product quality as usual. Indeed, there is also a significant amount of proprietary information that is used in Bugabyte circuit board testing. This means that releasing this proprietary information to the Bugabyte outsourcers for testing must pose a significant threat on Metrovox because outsourcing Bugabyte assembly line means releasing Bugabyte design and specification details to some third-parties and may ultimately lead to Bugabyte imitation’ opportunities.

On the one hand, Metrovox would want to highlight the Bugabyte handheld video devices. On the other hand, outsourcing Bugabyte assembly line is not compatible with Metrovox’s strategy as Metrovox relies on product differentiation and high quality control to assure its market position and competitive advantage. However, outsourcing Bugabyte Lite assembly line will not pose similar problems and it seems a wiser strategy to pursue as mentioned above. 2. Based on Grunwald and Vogel’s decision, what will be the benefits and disadvantages of outsourcing the assembly function?

In the case of Metrovox, benefits of outsourcing the Bugabyte Lite assembly function include improving customer service and focusing only on core competencies of Bugabyte’s assembling and testing. The key problem, as it was mentioned, is “due to the recent development of the video capable Bugabyte, Metrovox is experiencing increasing production delays. ” Outsourcing Bugabyte Lite would help Metrovox to allocate sufficient key resources on developing Bugabyte, in line with Metrovox’s strategy on product differentiation.

At the same time, outsourcing Bugabyte Lite will reduce the burden of Metrovox’s resources on the assembly process as it is not viewed as an aspect that contributes to the product’s competitive advantage. This helps Metrovox to deliver Metrovox products, both Bugabyte and Bugabyte Lite, on time and to reduce the late delivery rate. Nevertheless, outsourcing the Bugabyte Lite may mean loss of company control on the production and the testing procedures. This may lead to unsatisfied Bugabyte Lite product quality and delay product delivery as well.

However, as mentioned above, Metrovox can establish production standards, testing guidelines, and performance indices to communicate Metrovox’s high expectations to its suppliers and to monitor the Bugabyte Lite product quality. Also, before outsourcing the Bugabyte Lite, Metrovox must check out each supplier’s assembly and testing capabilities, quality level and associated risks. At the same time, Metrovox must gather enough information to ensure that those suppliers can deliver the Bugabyte Lite devices on time, as it is one of the main reason that Metrovox would want to reduce its own late delivery rate.

In the event that Metrovox can outsource the assembly of the circuit boards to an existing supplier, discuss the key contract issues Metrovox will need to consider with their supplier. Some of the key contract issues are of the following: (1) the quality and volume of the goods being purchased, clearly calculated price of the goods and the currency being used, and the discounts availability as volumes increase; (2) the payment terms, including the payment method and documentation, the payment due, the time frame payment that must be made, and the discounts availability for accelerated payments; (3) the delivery terms, including the delivery method and destination, the delivery dates or expected arrival dates, the expectation for the condition of the good, the transfer of ownership and risk of loss and damage as determined by Incoterms, the type of logistics costs related to imports and transportation are covered in the price, and the responsibilities of paying for the packing, cargo insurance and customs duties.

The fulfillment of the standard import and export documentation and regulations when shipping the goods internationally; and (5) the remedies, force majeure, hardship, termination clause and penalty clause if circumstances go beyond one part’s control and make it unreasonably difficult to fulfill. 4. What inventory management strategy should Grunwald and Vogel recommend Metrovox adopt to ensure efficiencies throughout their entire supply chain? Inventory management is crucial to the Metrovox’s success to meet its customer demand.

However, currently Metrovox cannot reasonably predict future demand and the annual demand for the Bugabyte in the first year of release is 300 percent over forecasted demands. Also currently Metrovox is experiencing 30 percent late delivery rate. The key solution I personally think is to help Metrovox to enhance its inventory management efficiency and to maintain optimum inventory levels so to manage and handle customer demand fluctuations. To enhance Metrovox’s inventory management efficiency, applying the latest inventory tracking technology like barcodes and RFID tagging will help Metrovox to note down inventory items on a regular basis and movement of items out of inventory in its warehouses.

To help to maintain Metrovox’s optimum inventory levels, establishing Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) system with Metrovox’s key suppliers in which the inventory is monitored, managed, and planned by the suppliers on behalf of Metrovox will help those suppliers better response to the Metrovox’s immediate inventory needs because those suppliers will be able to schedule deliveries more efficiently. At the same time, the quick response strategy can be used by Metrovox to maintain (or to reduce) optimum inventory levels. Based on the strategy, Metrovox will collaborate with its key retailers to access to the point of sales data generated at checkouts. Then Metrovox is able to manage inventory more properly and reduce the lead times because Metrovox can develop more accurate customer demand forecasts.

Behaviorism and tantrums need essay help: need essay help

Behaviorism and tantrums Jess’s story is an example of operant conditioning, because most of his behaviors are voluntary. Jess had already learned how to get candies and other sweets from his dad at the grocery. This is also an example of positive reinforcement, because Jess is getting something he loves when he misbehaves and throws tantrums, which eventually increases Jess’s negative behavior in the future.

Bill’s behavior can be defined as negative reinforcement, since he is giving donuts to Jess in order to get his shopping done without his son throwing tantrums. If Bill doesn’t stop dealing with Jess’s behaviors, he will not be able to control his son in the future and the problems will only increase in the future. If I was Bill, I would try these three things: 1. I would make some rules for Jess at the grocery store.

Jess might seem too young to understand the meaning of rules, but it will be important to explain to Jess in easy and simple ways what the rules are, and why he should follow them. 2. I would use donuts or candy bars as rewards. If Jess can follow the rules at the grocery store, then I will give him a prize. Jess might throw a temper tantrum as soon as he enters the grocery store, but Bill has to be strong and follow through whatever the rules are.

I would use negative consequences, like taking away the privilege of going to shopping with Bill if Jess’s behaviors continue. Jess might scream and cry, but Bill should ignore him until Jess stops. Once he stops, Bill should explain to his son why his behavior is not working. Bill can even make behavior chart and reward Jess when he has good behaviors, and ultimately give Jess a goal to reach. This will teaches Jess the right ways to get attention.

What were the roots of McCarthyism? persuasive essay help: persuasive essay help

In the late 1940s and early 1950s Americans were scared of a second red scare and that communism would influence their country (Tindal & Shi). Americans had seen what communism had done to Russia and how it was a factor of the Korean War and did not want to go down that road too. To calm Americans down an organization was formed called the House Un-American Activities Community. The organization was formed to protect communism influence on American by investigating communist acts that were alleged by people.

Despite the organizations effort to calm Americans down, Americans still feared the possibility of Communism and becoming a nation similar to Russia (Tindall & Shi). Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin became one of the most ruthless exploiters of communism. He accused a large amount of people of communist acts, mostly government works in which he claimed were Soviet spies and communist sympathizers. He was very paranoid and often accused people on the regular of communist behavior when none existed (Study Mode).

All of these allegations causes a stir in the America society. All of this fear led Congress to pass McCarran International Security Act making it unlawful “to combine, conspire, or agree with any other person to perform any act which would substantially contribute to…the establishment of totalitarian dictatorship. This time was known as the McCarthyism. President Truman’s Fair Deal was designed after his victory and was his way of trying to make all things equal for all Americans.

He requested there to be action on raising the bar for minimum wage, free health care and, civil rights legislation so that all Americans would be guaranteed rights. Most of Truman’s Fair Deal proposals were enlargements of the New Deal already in place (Tindall & Shi). Although Truman received a wide range of Democratic support he still had conservatives who opposed of the Civil rights legislation like John McMilan who stated that he believed Truman would “get what he wanted but he doesn’t understand why he has to ruin the world because he was reelected. In the end most of Truman’s plans were not passed by congress like the civil rights bills and the plans for national health care. They did raise the minimum wage though it was just one of many of his ideas. Congress also refused to provide federal aid for education. (Kind of like how Congress wants it to be now huh? )

Stephen Fuller Austin college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Cantrell began his career in the field of history as a lecturer at TAMU in ’86, then spent 15 years working as an assistant and later an associate professor at a variety of notable universities around Texas. In 2001, Cantrell got his first job as a professor. Cantrell currently resides in Fort Worth where he works as a history professor at TCU. Cantrell is a well-rounded historian.

Besides spreading his knowledge through teaching, Cantrell is a published author of articles, essays and books, belongs to a number of organizations and committees, and serves as a speaker at conferences around Texas. Stephen Fuller Austin was a strong believer in Manifest Destiny. It was his duty to expand Texas westward and bring Anglo-Americans into Mexican Texas. In 1821, the young empresario set out to Americanize and expand the region between the Brazos and Colorado River, which entailed serving as a middleman (mediator) between the Anglos and the Mexicans.

His first step in accomplishing this daunting task was to act as a liaison and learn to communicate efficiently between the two groups. Austin had responsibilities aside from acting as a liaison, “he was responsible for recruiting settlers, surveying and issuing land titles, enforcing laws…” (106) Austin began his work immediately both culturally and politically. As a cultural mediator, Austin’s first plan of action was to learn and master the Spanish language. The language barrier would prevent him form conducting necessary business and building relationships with the Mexican government.

In 1822, Austin traveled to Mexico City where he fully submerged himself in the language and was nearly fluent within weeks. Austin’s next duty as a cultural mediator began the following year upon arriving back in Texas. Austin preached to the newly settled Anglos the importance of the Roman Catholic religion. Austin enforced the religion by reminding the people to “respect the Catholic religion with all that attention due to its sacredness and to the laws of the land.

Politically, Austin, despite his reserved nature, made it a priority to build relationships among the Tejanos. He developed an especially personal bond with Jose Antonio Navarro after Brown, Austin’s youngest brother passed away due to yellow fever, and later with Erasmo Seguin during the 1835 Revolution. Austin’s most prominent moment as a political mediator occurred during the Fredonian Rebellion. In 1825, Austin and his militia joined forces with chief Jose Antonio Saucedo as they marched to Nacogdoches.

Together, they put an end to the rebellion that began when Haden Edwards received the go ahead to bring 800 settlers into the Nacogdoches area that was already occupied by Anglo and Tejano settlers. Many years later, on April 6, 1830, Austin did more work as a mediator. After a shady law was passed that stirred up conflicts between the Tejanos and Anglos of Texas, Austin “counseled calmness and continued loyalty toward Mexico,” (108) which in turn landed him a spot in prison. By this point, Austin was begging for peace in Texas.

Stephen F. Austin earned his nickname “Father of Texas” by playing a major role in the colonization and “invasion” of Anglo-American Texas. Austin’s loyalty, dedication and desire for peace made his invasion possible. Austin’s powerful skills as a mediator drove him to success; “Austin’s career demonstrates the very real potential for political, economic, and social cooperation across racial and cultural lines. ” (105) Austin will always be remembered in Texas’ history for the great work he did for our state.

Green Revolution extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

Interaction between humans and the environment has always had a great importance in the development of humankind; according to Marx, what differentiates humans from other animals is the fact that humans can transform their surroundings to suit their needs, through labor. The Green Revolution is not the exception to that. In times of need the human being manipulated its environment to be suitable for its development, however, the question lingers, how efficient was it, how positive?

The Green Revolution, from 1945 to the present, was motivated by the need to increase the production of food to supply for the increasing demand as population grew, to promote national self-sustainability in terms of food. However, during that period the effect of the Revolution have been detrimental to the environment and society: they have damaged agricultural diversity and heritage, damaged the lands, and put at risk food security; also, they have widened the gap between the very rich and the very poor, monopolizing the food industry.

The Green Revolution originated after an urgent need to promote food security with a growing trend in global population, as a way to promote self-sustainability and independence. As it is clear in the report given by the Food and Agriculture Organization (DOC 2), in the period ranging from around 1929 (great depression) and 1945 (end of World War II) the global food supply index was below the world population. What this means is that there was literally not enough food being produced world wide to feed the world population.

This struggle of human kind to stay afloat in supplying the minimum needs for survival meant that a change needed to occur. The answer, as Dr. Norman Borlaug stated in his Nobel Lecture (DOC 4) was not simply planting more in the developing nations, since the lands in those areas were “tired, worn out, depleted of plant nutrients…” Clearly, what the document refers is that a new, more effective way of growing food had to be developed. In fact, Dr.

Borlaug states that the priority of the developments of the green revolution concentrated in the millions that were lurked by hunger, a large problematic that clearly was under the spotlight. As a proof that the world was prioritizing the deficient food supply is the statement given by President Harry Truman (DOC 3). President Truman was the leader of the most powerful nation in the world at the time, the one with the largest technological developments, and his word was the one that would set the course of the world.

This particular speech is vital, since it is the inaugural speech, where he was to set the priorities of the government and address the world with what the United States had as a course for the future. In this speech, he clearly refers to the shocking figure that “more than half the people of the world are living in conditions approaching misery” and says that the United States will help provide “technical knowledge… to produce more food” In the speech President Truman refers often to liberty, thus meaning that self-sustainability will provide freedom.

This speech is the perfect example, the jewel of the trend that the world was seeing with regard to prioritizing food. The mention of “technical knowledge” is vital in the construction of the green revolution as a response to the lack of food, with technological developments in the agricultural field. Some have said that the Green Revolution has been a success in improving the food industry, and improving living conditions for everyone; nevertheless the numbers today reflect a mediocre success.

Indian minister for food and agriculture (1964-1967) states in an interview (DOC 5) that the farmers of the state of Punjab competed to use the technology that was introduced by the green revolution the best. It is stated with a positive connotation, as to refer to the great feats of Punjab. This seems very positive, however, the most likely reason for this to have occurred is the fact that multinational corporations were kicking them out of the market and they were forced into utilizing the technology that those same corporations were imposing on them.

If this were true, which it most likely is, as it has happened in many places around the world, it would discredit the great success that the Green Revolution supposedly is. Furthermore, the claim is that the Green Revolution has brought prosperity, however, to whom, to the ones that were rich already? A perfect example of this negative impact of the Green Revolution is the conversation between Mrs. Dula and the United

Nations official (DOC 6), which gives a not very realistic perspective of the impact of the green Revolution and is concentrated exclusively in the sector of the very rich. This document is indeed quite revealing, as the speaker is an aristocratic woman of Mexico, probably a housewife who sees the world through the optic of his husband, a man who earns a salary if the revolution which he works for is successful; in fact, she is most likely part of one of the clubs she talks about herself.

The occasion of this statement is a simple conversation with a UN official, probably at some sort of a social event, where the high class is all joined together, with perfectly slanted people who are not really analyzing the global impact of the Green Revolution. This document gives a crystal clear proof of how much the Green Revolution has made the “rich Mexican farmers” richer probably at the expense of making the poor laborers, poorer, however, this document presents only one, very bright point of view to sell the revolution.

With regards to India once again, socially, they sell the idea of improvement, like in the report of the State of Punjab (DOC 9) where it says that the Green Revolution has seen with it the “emergence of middle and rich peasants” a very undesirable euphemism to conceal the actual situation. This document seems to give a perspective of social growth and development, of a population going for education, yet once again, it seems very idealistic in its tone, when in reality India has totally different conditions.

With regards to that, India has one of the largest Gini index’s in the world, meaning a huge social inequality, and has one of the smallest middle classes in the world, which has diminished even more throughout the years, meaning that in reality, India may have had a somewhat positive year, but the general trend is of a very pronounced downturn in social progress, all related to the Green Revolution which is destroying the small farmers. The Green Revolution, in truth has brought more ill than it has brought good, in the environmental and social aspects.

Regarding environmental harm, the FAO Wheat Yield report (DOC 1) is very good in demonstrating the introduction of massive scale crops that the Green Revolution brings forth with it. The introduction of these crops damages the lands since they are not prone to such production. The graphs show that in both Mexico and India the crop yields were extremely irregular, and as time passed they have become even more, this is due to the fact that they are not proper to those areas and its planting is something totally synthetic and with complete disrespect towards the natural balance.

The article by Dr. Vandana Shiva (DOC 8) reveals how much damage the crops, especially Genetically Modified Organisms; do to the land they are planted in. The “reduced genetic diversity, increased vulnerability to pests, soil erosion, water shortages…” are effect that will leave marked the land for a long time, as Dr. Shiva states, and are a threat to future generations, which will have totally barren land where it will be impossible to plant food. Dr. Shiva also refers to the social problematic that the Green Revolution is planting alongside its seeds.

For instance the fight for water to provide irrigation, previously not needed in India, has lead to “conflict and violence” and as it has become a worldwide trend, the career for water dominance is “leading to both local and interstate water conflicts. ” This clearly shows how disadvantageous the spread of the Green Revolution has been, since it has brought unmeasured changes that have not been made responsibly, but rather abruptly, causing enormous damage. Dr.

Shiva is an Indian Physicist, and being from India she probably has had a very direct contact with the Green Revolution, considering that one of its birthplaces was in fact the State of Punjab. In this occasion she is writing for the Ecologist magazine, a publication read by people with primary interest in the environmental issues, including organization leaders and maybe politicians who will probably get concerned, especially due to the tone of annoyance and hatred that she employs in the article.

Expanding on social implications, the Guatemalan National Coordinating Committee of Indigenous peasants (DOC 10) gives a different perspective. Although it may sound somewhat as mysticism from indigenous people, saying that they have contaminated the seeds is not a joke, considering the hormones that can be found in GMO plantations. This also acknowledges a vital issue, the loss of diversity and heritage that society is killing with the systematic Green Revolution trends, like the Mayan traditions, which have been present for “five thousand years.

” Furthermore, the social disaster does not stop there, but stumbles over women, which according to the FAO Newsletter (DOC 7) have been forced to change their job. In this case the implications have made woman, traditionally in other roles, have even less opportunities to succeed, as the increased need for cash income made the woman be forced to work. This implies a social catastrophe since it denies the right of woman to equal opportunities, which are stripped off with the Green Revolution, which makes them simply one more laborer forced to work.

Additional to the information presented in the documents it would be vital to contain the point of view of a small scale male farmer that has to compete with the multinational corporations, which have been installed after the start of the Green Revolution circa 1945. This would be important since it would show the first hand effects of the monopolies that the Green Revolution has brought, with regards to the social impact it has made, and whether that impact is positive or negative.

As discussed throughout the essay, the Green Revolution, which has lasted from 1945 until the present day, was originated with a need to secure food production in a starving world. However its effects were not so positive, since today many starve, and the Green Revolution has damaged the environment and widened the gap between the social classes. The setup of crops that have give no benefit to the places in which they are grown, with complete disregard to the ecological balance that was being destroyed have caused issues ranging from soil erosion to water shortages and crops with pest vulnerability.

The Green Revolution has also made the rich farmers richer at the cost of the poor being poorer, since the costs of the new technologies are not easily accessible, but the yields that they provide take the small farmers out of business. In general, although certain governments sponsor the Green Revolution and make it seem positive, it has brought about large changes in the way humans interact with the environment, with a generalized destruction of it to get short-term solutions to the problem of food shortages.

The Great Gatsby argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Life is a balancing act between the past, present, and future. Expressing guilt and regret about the past is almost instinctual, but we accept that it is unchangeable and we put it behind us. However, there are some, who so desperately cling to the idea of the past and believe that they have the power to repeat it. While an action can be repeated in order to emulate an action of the past, the entirety of the moment can never be recreated. This is due to the fact that unlike a physical action, the emotions and intent behind the action are impossible to duplicate.

The character Jay Gatsby in Fitzgerald’s iconic novel, The Great Gatsby, embodies the desire to, “beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past,” (189). Regarding his relationship with Daisy, Gatsby tries so desperately to override this inability to repeat the past. Gatsby, “wanted nothing less of Daisy than that she should go to Tom and say: “I never loved you. ” After she had obliterated three years with that sentence they could decide upon the more practical measures to be taken,” (116).

What he did not realize is that even if Daisy had returned to her relationship with Gatsby after the five years they were separated, it would not be the same as it was. Though the action of the relationship would be repeated, the emotions and intent behind the actions would have been altered, mostly due to the factors of time, environment, and the changes in both Gatsby and Daisy since their relationship during wartime. When Gatsby made the statement, “’Can’t repeat the past? Why of course you can!

He did not take into consideration that Daisy is not in the same emotional state as she was five years ago, and neither is he. For an individual, history can never be recreated. This is because the personal change that occurs after the first instance stands in the way of repeating the past. Daisy is now married, and a mother, and Gatsby spent the past five years trying to be the person he thought Daisy wanted him to be, and he changed so much from the man she used to know.

Nick observed, “he talked a lot about the past and I gathered he wanted to recover something, some idea of himself perhaps, that had gone into loving Daisy,” (117). They both evolved from the people they were during their relationship during the war, and because of this, even if they were to be together again, their relationship would be completely different. This can also be attributed to the environment in which their relationship first blossomed in comparison to the environment of life five years later. Their love was heightened by the dying need for hope during the time of war.

They can repeat the action of their relationship, but contrary to Gatsby’s belief, it will never be recreated to what it once was due to the change in Gatsby and Daisy, the environment, the circumstances, and the emotion behind it all. Though it is unmanageable to recreate the past, the maxim, “History often repeats itself,” exists because of the misunderstanding that action is the only factor in recreating a moment. In reality, the intent and emotional connection are what make the moment unable to be recreated. The most basic of examples is this: every morning, Monday through Friday, I come into school.

Though my actions are repeated everyday, some days I am exhausted and don’t wish to speak with anyone, other days I am in the sunniest of moods. At first glance, it appears history repeats itself each day I repeat the action of walking into school. However, everyday I have a different experience based on my emotions, environment, and other circumstances that affect the entirety of the situation. History is more than just a simple action, as the maxim, “history often repeats itself,” suggests; it incorporates all aspects of the situation, not just the face value of the deed itself.

Though actions throughout history are often repeated, this does not merit to the statement, “History often repeats itself. ” Other factors that need to be considered are the changes in people, environment, emotions, and circumstances. As much as Gatsby believes in the ability to repeat the past, he does not realize that the past is made up of more than just actions. Unfortunately for Gatsby, just because an action can be repeated, does not mean that one can repeat or recreate the past.

Similarities between college and high school high school essay help: high school essay help

College and high school are very similar because they both focus on making us a better player in the race of life. First of all, students have to earn good grades. In college students have to get good grades in order to have a better career, likewise in high school pupils have to get decent grades to get accepted into a better college. Second, the classes are similar. The courses we take in college and high school have same context, however college courses are more challenging. In addition, college and high school teaches the same way.

They both have textbooks, teachers, classrooms, homework, and of course the final exam. Moreover, they both have clubs and organizations. High school and college have organizations and clubs that a student can join that fits their interests, these organizations and clubs can make their college application or a resume look worthy. For these reasons, it is clear that college and high school have similarities in many ways. College and high school are very similar because they both focus on making us a better player in the race of life.

First of all, students have to earn good grades. In college students have to get good grades in order to have a better career, likewise in high school pupils have to get decent grades to get accepted into a better college. Second, the classes are similar. The courses we take in college and high school have same context, however college courses are more challenging. In addition, college and high school teaches the same way. They both have textbooks, teachers, classrooms, homework, and of course the final exam.

Moreover, they both have clubs and organizations. High school and college have organizations and clubs that a student can join that fits their interests, these organizations and clubs can make their college application or a resume look worthy. For these reasons, it is clear that college and high school have similarities in many ways. College and high school are very similar because they both focus on making us a better player in the race of life. First of all, students have to earn good grades.

In college students have to get good grades in order to have a better career, likewise in high school pupils have to get decent grades to get accepted into a better college. Second, the classes are similar. The courses we take in college and high school have same context, however college courses are more challenging. In addition, college and high school teaches the same way. They both have textbooks, teachers, classrooms, homework, and of course the final exam. Moreover, they both have clubs and organizations.

High school and college have organizations and clubs that a student can join that fits their interests, these organizations and clubs can make their college application or a resume look worthy. For these reasons, it is clear that college and high school have similarities in many ways. College and high school are very similar because they both focus on making us a better player in the race of life. First of all, students have to earn good grades. In college students have to get good grades in order to have a better career, likewise in high school pupils have to get decent grades to get accepted into a better college.

Second, the classes are similar. The courses we take in college and high school have same context, however college courses are more challenging. In addition, college and high school teaches the same way. They both have textbooks, teachers, classrooms, homework, and of course the final exam. Moreover, they both have clubs and organizations. High school and college have organizations and clubs that a student can join that fits their interests, these organizations and clubs can make their college application or a resume look worthy.

For these reasons, it is clear that college and high school have similarities in many ways. College and high school are very similar because they both focus on making us a better player in the race of life. First of all, students have to earn good grades. In college students have to get good grades in order to have a better career, likewise in high school pupils have to get decent grades to get accepted into a better college. Second, the classes are similar. The courses we take in college and high school have same context, however college courses are more challenging.

In addition, college and high school teaches the same way. They both have textbooks, teachers, classrooms, homework, and of course the final exam. Moreover, they both have clubs and organizations. High school and college have organizations and clubs that a student can join that fits their interests, these organizations and clubs can make their college application or a resume look worthy. For these reasons, it is clear that college and high school have similarities in many ways.

Starbucks in Japan essay help writer: essay help writer

The Starbucks’ mission: « to inspire and nurture the human spirit – one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time » – Timeline (general + Japon) [pic][pic] Juste max, pour le nombre de stores, sur les keyfigures japan (doc financier de starbucks japon, ils disent qu’a la fin du quarter 2 de 2011 ils en etaient a 935 et pas 911. f – PESTEL 1. Political aspects: Japan has a constitutional monarchy. That is a form of state with a monarch at the head of the country, and the prime minister who represents democracy.

The actual emperor Akihito is still very respected among Japanese in spite of his rare public appearances. The actual Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda is head of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). Until 2010, the conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LPD) was in power since 1955. Japan politics has been marked by recent instability, with six prime ministers in as many years. Japan is divided into 47 prefectures and each has their own executive power within the range of law. The 4 major topics on the agenda are: • Reducing the Japan’s debt which presently stands about 200% of GDP.

Find solutions to its aging population and negative population growth rate. • Developing more bilateral trade agreements with its Asian counterparts. • Leading reconstruction efforts after last March’s devastating tsunami and around the stricken Fukushima nuclear plant. i Japan is a member of all international institutions such as WTO (World Trade Organization), ICJ (International Court of Justice), IMF (International Monetary Fund), UN (United Nations) WB (World Bank) or OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).

Despite the efforts of the government of Japan to increase its influence on the multilateral institutions, its influence on the global economic policy architecture remains smaller than one would expect for the world’s third largest economy. The Japanese government has been liberalizing, as its basic policy, the importation of goods into Japan in recent years. Presently there are only 63 goods that are not liberalized for import. The feature of the liberalization is to open the Japanese market to foreign countries equally.

Japan does not take a discriminatory liberalization policy. In order to protect the Japanese consumer’s interest and stimulate competitiveness of Japanese industries, tariffs are set as low as possible. Besides custom duties, both national and local consumption tax will be imposed on imported goods received from the bonded area, and must be paid by the recipient of such imported goods. The Japanese Government has also set up 22 zones, that are defined as FAZ (foreign access zones) with the aim of promoting import businesses in order to attract foreign capital into Japan.

In this one, foreign companies are eligible for benefits that include, among others, the following: – Loans at reduced interest provided by the Japan Development Bank – Exemption from local taxes – real estate purchase tax and property taxes. – Increased rates of depreciation. – Guarantees from Government funds. ( important dernier paragraphe for 5 porter force ? new entrants)(LEGAL Part? ) 2. Economical aspects: At the end of 2010, Japan remained the world’s third largest economy after the United Sates and the People’s Republic of China with a nominal GDP of $5.

The main industries are motor vehicles, industrial and transportation equipment, electronics, chemicals, steel, machine tools, processed foods, non-ferrous metals In recent years, there is a deflationary spiral that tends to make wait consumers to have lower prices. Furthermore, Japan must cope with a huge public debt which account for 200% of the GDP in 2010. In 2010, Japan was ranked 15th of 183 countries in the Ease of Doing Business list (WorldBank). The economic organization is mainly characterized by: – Strong links between industry, contractors and distributors.

Exchange rates and stability of the host country: The yen is the official currency of Japan and is denoted by JPY. It is the third most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the Euro and the US dollar. 3. Socio-cultural aspects: Population of Japan is estimated at around 126. 4 million. Japanese society is linguistically and culturally homogenous. The urban population accounts for 67%. Indeed, the majority live in huge million’s inhabitants conurbations such as Tokyo, Osaka-Kobe or Nagoya. The age structure is the following: – 0-14 years: 13. 1% – 15-64 years: 64% – 65 years and over: 22. 9% With 1.21 children born/woman (218th of 222 countries) and a life expectancy of 82. 25 years (5th of 222countries), Japan is one of the fastest aging country, and its population is expected to drop to 96 million by 2050.

This is a major issue for Japan’s economy and particularly for the financing of the healthcare system. Even though the aging population is a common outcome of an industrialized country, this drop in fertility is also due to several socio-cultural changes in Japanese society. Women work massively and in Japan, if they have children, they are expected to stop their jobs and “fulfill their role of mother”.

So they are reluctant to choose one option or another. Furthermore, men seem to have lost confidence in themselves (due also to the economy staggering) and we account a massive part of singles in Japan. Another changes has been occurring recently (a decade) among youth. Indeed, growing part of the young people rejects the lifestyle of their parents (lifetime employment for example) and are willing to gain more freedom. We call them “freeters” since they have part-time job with no future and don’t start a career. They usually live as parasites singles with their parents.

Suicide is the leading cause of death for people under 30, which point out a “strong underground society issue”. Aside from these facts, Japanese society still has strong values, customs and beliefs (influenced by the Confucianism (respect senior People), Buddhism or shintoism) which have a direct impact on the whole life and particularly the working life. Thus Japanese have a strong hierarchical system and it seems for them natural. Individuality is not seen as negative whereas individualism is. The samurai way of living or “Budo” is still present within the society with its values such as respect toward each other and family honor.

The Japanese consumers are probably one of the most discerning consumers in the world. Having a high expectancy toward products and services, they are willing to pay more if they think the product/service worth it. Though, this statement has to be taken with caution for the crisis and the staggering economy has brought “a cut back on spending” behavior. In terms of education, the Programme for International Student Assessment coordinated by the OECD currently ranks the overall knowledge and skills of Japanese 15-year-olds as sixth best in the world.

The literacy rate (age 15 and over can read and write) is close to 100%. Here is below important business customs that have to be respected when dealing with Japanese. • Japanese people are very reluctant to take risks in business, they must be kept confident. You need to plan ahead and foresee all sorts of problems. • You have to show them that our project is healthy on the long term and you need to show constant results in order to keep them calm. • In Japan the decision process is very long, you need to be patient and persevere.

When you strike a deal you need to respect every single clause and engagement in it, it is a guarantee of quality in the Japanese culture. • The form plays a very important role in Japan. Your company needs to have a good image, your products need a good packaging and the overall appearance / behavior of your employees need to be neat. • Most Japanese businessmen speak little English; speaking Japanese is often a key asset in order to avoid misunderstandings. • Japanese people tend not to admit it when they do not understand something; this can lead to various problems within the company.

We can define a class structure scheme consisting of four classes: the capitalist class, new middle class, working class, and old middle class. The gaps between rich and poor are not as glaring in Japan as they are in many countries, and a remarkable 90 percent or more of Japanese people consider themselves middles class. Japanese Education: First of all education is an extremely important thing for the Japanese nation, the Japanese consider it as essential and priority, which generates excessive behavior sometimes as evening classes in the extreme.

Sport: Baseball, football, and other popular western Sports were imported to Japan in the Meiji period. These sports are commonly practiced in schools along with traditional martial arts. Baseball is the most popular sport in Japan. Football is becoming more popular after J league (Japan professional soccer league) was established in 1991. Work Environnment: Employees are expected to work hard and demonstrate loyalty to the firm, in exchange for some degree of job security and benefits, such as housing subsidies, good insurance the use of recreation facilities, and bonuses and pensions.

Wages begin low, but seniority is rewarded, with promotions based on a combination of seniority and ability. Working conditions vary from firm to firm. On average, employees worked a forty-six-hour week in; employees of most large corporations worked a modified five-day week with two Saturdays a month, while those in most small firms worked as much as six days each week. 4. Technological aspects: Japan is a leading nation in scientific research, particularly technology, machinery and biomedical research. Nearly 700,000 researchers share a US$130 billion research and development budget, the third largest in the world.

Japan is a world leader in fundamental scientific research, having produced fifteen Nobel laureates in either physics, chemistry or medicine, three Fields medalists, and one Gauss Prize laureate. Some of Japan’s more prominent technological contributions are in the fields of electronics, automobiles, machinery, earthquake engineering, industrial robotics, optics, chemicals, semiconductors and metals. Japan leads the world in robotics production and use, possessing more than half (402,200 of 742,500) of the world’s industrial robots.

The Japanese society has first-rate public transportation, educational, and medical systems that are relatively inexpensive to use. Japan is putting in a lot of money in constructing schools and recreation centres that both benefit the community and creates employment situations. Japan has also developed a well-functioning railroad system throughout the country. The overcrowded roads in Japan have improved lately and cars, buses, and taxis swarm from early morning to late night. Subways are also extensively used. Furthermore, Japan has a network of airlines that carry both domestic and international customers and goods.

Environmental aspects: Japan is one of the world’s leaders in the development of new environment-friendly technologies, and is ranked 20th best in the world in the 2010 Environmental Performance Index. As a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, and host of the 1997 conference which created it, Japan is under treaty obligation to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps to curb climate change. Though, as the world’s third largest economy, Japan has a huge impact on the environment (fishery for example) and is coping with new problems.

Namely, its nuclear power plants. After the March’s disaster, Japan has been entirely reviewing its energy policy, stopping the majority of its nuclear power plants. Japan has been implementing for many years a thorough recycling policy called “3Rs”: – Reduce: Reducing the amount of waste by increasing the efficiency of resource use and extending the useful life of products. – Reuse: Using the “recyclable resources” from used items again, as products or parts, after giving them proper treatment. (“Recyclable resources” are the useful parts or components of waste, used products and byproducts.

Using the “recyclable resources” as the raw materials to make new products. [pic] ? logo qu’on pourra integrer au PPT 6. Legal aspects : Japan initially patterned its modern legal system after those of continental Europe with the introduction of a series of written codes (the Civil Code (Law No. 89 of 1896), the Penal Code (Law No. 45 of 1907), the Commercial Code (Law No. 89 of 1899), the Code of Civil Procedure (Law No. 29 of 1890 as amended by Law No. 109 of 1996) and the Code of Criminal Procedure and later on, as a result of the post-war American occupation, assimilated Anglo-American legal concepts.

The law is only written in Japanese. Japan’s judicial institutions consist of the Supreme Court; high courts, whose primary function are appellate; district courts, which are trial courts exercising general jurisdiction over all actions, criminal and civil; family courts; and summary courts. The current system in which all lawyers, including judges and public prosecutors, are graduates of the Legal Research and Training Institute is to be replaced by a law school system.

The Institute currently accepts about 1000 trainees annually as selected through the National Bar Examination, which is known for its pass rate of less than 3%. The right to form and belong to unions is constitutionally protected and is implemented by the Labor Union Law (Law No. 174 of 1949). The basic unit is a labor union organized on a company basis. There are only a few craft unions. In general, unions are not very political or aggressive. The unionization rate has been continually declining with 34. 4% unionization in 1975, 24. 2% in 1993 and 20. 7% in 2008.

The key factors in this decline are the increasing importance of the service economy and the increased use of part-time and temporary workers. Today, Japan permits 100 percent foreign ownership in a company established in Japan. Ultimate responsibility for exchange controls lies on the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and the Ministry of International Trade and Industries (MITI). Japanese law controls the import of goods that can negatively affect Japanese industry, economy, health, hygiene or public safety and moral. There are mandatory standards that products sold in Japan have to comply with in order to be allowed on the Japanese market.

These standards, primarily concerned with consumer protection and safety, are legally fixed. Nationally produced products, as well as international products cannot be sold unless certified through the standards relevant for the product category of significance. – Hofstede –Monochronic – (comparaison Jap/USA) The Hofstede Dimensions : http://geert-hofstede. com/ Power distance: the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. US: 40 Japan: 54 Both countries have an average score which means that they are mildly hierarchical.

Both societies are meritocratic which means that they think that everyone can succeed if they work hard. In American companies, managers are accessible and the information is shared easily. Individualism: the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members US: 91 Japan: 46 The American culture is strongly individualistic: people should look after themselves and it is their fault if they are in trouble. On the opposite Japanese culture shows characteristics of a colloectivistic society: the group is placed before the individual.

Moreover, there is a strong sense of company loyalty. Masculinity: the society will be driven by competition, achievement and success vs Feminity: the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life US: 62 Japan: 95 Both societies are considered masculine but Japan is one of the most masculine in the world. Both societies are very competitive and kids are taught to be as good as they can be. People have an eager to success, even though their motivations are not the same: American compete for themselves and Japanese for the success of the group they are part of.

Uncertainty avoidance: The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations US: 46 Japan: 92 Japan is one of the most uncertainty avoiding countries in the world, life is highly ritualized and everything is prescribed by codes and etiquette. Consequently, changes are difficult to happen in this type of culture. On the other hand, American culture is uncertainty accepting, they are not reluctant towards new ideas and innovation. They do not need a lot of rules.

Long-term orientation: the extent to which a society shows a pragmatic future-oriented perspective rather than a conventional historical short-term point of view. US: 29 Japan: 80 The United States is a short-term oriented culture. The businesses usually measure their performance using a quarterly basis. Americans usually need to get results quickly. On the other hand, Japan is one of the most long term oriented societies. They think that their life is very short and that they will accomplish what they can do. Japanese people serve the durability of the company. Monochronic People * Do one thing at a time

Take time commitments (deadlines, schedules) seriously. * Are low-context and need information. * Are committed to the job. * Adhere religiously to plans. * Are concerned about not disturbing others; follows rules of privacy and consideration. * Show great respect for private property; seldom borrow or lend. * Emphasize promptness. * Are accustomed to short-term relationships. Polychronic People * Do many things simultaneously * Are highly distractible and subject to interruptions. * Consider time commitments an objective to be achieved if possible. * Are high-context and already have information.

Are committed to people and human relationships. * Change plans often and easily. * Are more concerned with those who are closely related (family, friends, close business associate) than with privacy. * Borrow and lend things often and easily. * Base promptness on the relationship. * Have strong tendency to build lifetime relationships. American people are strongly seen as monochromic: they would rather take a “step by step” approach and do one task at a time. Moreover, they are strongly committed to the job they are doing and take deadlines seriously. Finally, they are focused on having things done quickly.

Usually it is said that Northern countries are monochromic and Latin countries are polychromic. It is usually difficult to put a label on Asian cultures. As for the Japanese people, they are considered monochromic as they focus on punctuality and will do what it takes to do the job right. Nevertheless, as they want to do the job right, they also think that things will take the time they need to take. – How STARBUCKS entered in Japan ? Strategy Joint Venture (flo) Back in mid 90’s, Starbucks figured out that the domestic market (The U. S) was quite saturated (though profitable) and it was time to go abroad.

It was initially drawn to Japan by its large market, consumers’ high disposable income, and affinity for Western Brands. Yet, considering the prospects of potential entrants into the Japanese coffee market, the Wall Street Journal was not very optimistic when providing its analysis in 1995: “The Japanese have not developed a taste for espresso drinks like caffe latte and caffe mocha; they drink a lot of instant coffee or ready-to-drink coffee in cans, as well as American-style hot coffee. Moreover, the Japanese coffee market may be saturated with many coffee shops and vending machines serving hot coffees.

Coca-Cola alone has more than 800,000 vending machines that sell canned coffee”. Similarly, the Nikkei Weekly pointed out that the Japanese coffee industry in terms of the number of stores was in decline, and thus was not much more optimistic than the Wall Street Journal regarding the prospects of an entry into the market. What is more, before setting up in 1995, a detailed study on the coffee market in Japan insisted that Starbucks change its business model from one that seeks to provide young women, families and young couples a third-place venue to gather and socialize to one that allows smoking and targets the 40-year-old working male.

Nonetheless, Starbucks’ top management and primarily Howard Behar (who had originally formed Starbucks’ International group) rejected everything that had been said in this study. They did not want to change the brand and its values, and to stick with being who Starbucks is, not what the competitive set was doing at the time. “We want to bring in Japan the Starbucks experience we already offer in U. S” (H. Behar, 1995) After defining the business model, Starbucks had to choose by what means it would enter the Japanese market. There are many ways to enter a foreign market, such as licensing, franchising, or direct investment.

The Japanese market is very complicated to enter, because of numerous barriers such as different business customs, distribution system, language and so on. But Starbucks wanted to preserve its brand’s premium values and image. In 1995, they eventually came up with a direct investment scheme, setting up a 50/50 joint-venture with a local partner called Sazaby Inc. This latter was primarily known for its ability to bring unique goods into the Japanese market, and does in addition operate upscale restaurant and retail chains throughout Japan.

It brought to Starbucks the local consumer understanding, and took care of the supply chain within Japan (which is basically a nightmare for westerners). Plus, they also carried out all the administrative stuff for the lending of the stores. Martin Coles, actual president of Starbucks International said in a recent interview about Sazaby Inc. “It’s one thing to be culturally aligned between two organizations, but it takes it to a different level when you have that depth of understanding on the part of the leadership. Sazaby understands how to work in East and West.

They bring us all of the connections—the local consumer understanding—and then helps take what’s the best of Starbucks. Because it is a global brand, and the brand is still created in and managed from Seattle with local execution—it’s a delicate balance. And there is, I think, a tendency to want to recreate everything locally. And this was a partner who’s used to working with licensed brands and truly has an ability to partner for success in the market, as opposed to, ‘Thank you for the idea and we’ll execute it here locally. So, in October 1995, Starbucks Japan Ltd. was created. – Export/ Supply Process (Map)

There are different steps in the Supply Process of Coffee to Japan. We can divide it in 4 parts (including how the original bean arrives in Japanese’s stores) . First step: SOURCING: Mainly, the STARBUCKS’ bean is from 3 different locations: Africa: (Kenya and Ethiopia), Asia/ Pacific (Pacific Islands, Indonesia (with its islands Java & Sumatra) and Latin America (Mexico, Columbia, Guatemala). Usually, the person in charge sourcing and finding the best beans is the Vice President, Dave Olsen. (Check the Map) The 3 colors orange, yellow and pink represent the 3 main areas where the beans are coming from.

[pic] [pic] Second step: ROASTING: Starbucks had three roasting plants. – The company’s smallest plant was built in 1989, and it was located in Carson Valley. Its goal is to supply the company’s mail-order business. – There is One in Kent, closed to the head offices (built in 1993), which measures 305. 000 Sq. . . . Its goal is to supply stores west of Mississippi. – The last plan built is the one located in York (Pennsylvania) (year: 1994). Its goal is to supply stores east of the Mississippi. (According to the website, the cost of its construction is around $11 million.

How looks like the roasting process? According to the firm, the roasting of the coffee beans is a utterly and particular process. . First, they roast the beans in a powerful oven with gas for approximately 15 min. For your information, Starbucks requires zero defects in grade, good even color, and consistent bean size. So, experienced employees will be chosen to execute the smelling and hearing in order to choose the perfect coffee beans. Third Step: EXPORT & Fourth Step RETAIL: After the Roasting process completed, they can export its coffee to targeted countries.

In our case, STARBUCKS will send the beans to Japan, and more precisely to its Local Japanese partner named: Sazaby Inc. (for additional information, check the sub part: How STARBUCKS entered in Japan? ). After having received all the merchandise, Sazaby Inc will be able to dispatch to all the Starbucks coffee shop/stores located in Japan. – 5 Porter’s Forces Bargaining Power of buyers: 3/5 The bargaining power of buyers is average. On one hand, even though coffee is not a very differentiated product, Starbucks has succeed into differentiating its offering with type of beverages no one can find elsewhere.

Plus, the “coziness” of the shops makes it a place like no other. On the other hand, a coffee from Starbucks is more expensive than in other place which means that the switching costs are important and they can impact the purchase decision of the consumers. Even though Japanese people value quality, they also became price conscious with the crisis. The purchasing decision is high, In fact consumers have the power to choose between low cost or high quality which will force vendors to choose a strong strategy. According to Starbucks, the typical customer buys small quantities of their products.

Products purchased at Starbucks are highly differentiated and unique. There is an enormous selection of coffees at a Starbucks’ coffee shop. At Starbucks. com, it is possible to buy a large number of products, from coffees, ice cream and Frapuccino Bargaining power of suppliers: 1. 5/5 The bargaining power of the suppliers is pretty low due to the size of Starbucks. It is an honor to be chosen as a coffee supplier for Starbucks. Moreover, a lot of suppliers are very small and Starbucks accounts for a large percentage in their sales. Consequently, Starbucks is able to dictate the prices on the market.

Finally, Starbucks has engaged a vertical integration, which means that the company has taken a stake in its suppliers Nevertheless the fluctuation in prices of coffee beans can be a threat. For example, Arabica Coffee Prices soared of 77% in 2010. Threat of substitute products: 4/5 The substitutes for coffee are tea, juice and soft drinks. Starbucks is actually selling most of them: coffee but also tea, hot chocolate, smoothies, etc… Even if you don’t like coffee you can still go to Starbucks. Concerning the food, Starbucks sells pastry and sandwiches. Those products can be found easily everywhere else.

But the company sells food you can only find at Starbucks and makes it like no one else does. This means that a customer would probably go to Starbucks on purpose just so he can find his favorite cake. We can also note the places that offer people comfortable atmosphere to hang out such as tea houses, bars or side-walk cafes and definitely the vending machine which are located at every corners. Threat of new entrants: 3/5 It is average, due to low barriers entry. It does not cost too much to set up a coffee shop in Japan. Plus, government accepts 100 % ownership in Japan for foreigners.

However the real estate investment remains important (in urban areas) and can be a barrier for new comers. Last but not least, the coffee shop market in Japan is close to saturation. Thus, most of the “good” spots are already occupied by Starbucks’ stores or it competitors. Intensity of the competition: 4/5 The coffee shop market is highly competitive today. Actually, there are major actors such as Starbucks, Doutor or Tully’s and thousands of individual cafes. The Market Coffee is a large industry size. Thus, Starbucks compete with many industries of varying sizes and different exposures to specialty coffee.

Starbucks is obviously the leading retailer and brand of specialty coffee in the world and but might be lost some share because of local competitors such as Doutor . In addition to these smaller scale specialty coffee companies, Starbucks must now compete against two of the largest companies in the fast food industry who have recently entered the specialty coffee segment ( Mc donalds and Tullies Coffee). Average: 3. 1/5 Starbucks have a very strong position and a wide product range but the industry is moderately attractive due to a strong competition. – Brand Pyramid

Definitely, we put STARBUCKS at the top of the pyramid, in Consumer Brand Resonance. The STARBUCKS footprint is important in the world and in the Japan. For some customers, the firm is a small part of their daily life. It’s common to see employee taking a STARBUCKS coffee before to get their job. Thus, the behavioral loyalty from STARBUCKS consumers is STRONG due to the frequency and the repetitive purchases. But it’s also to choose STARBUCKS when you are looking for a place to take a coffee, and to share moments with friends/ family. People feel comfortable in their stores, and they come to enjoy more than a coffee.

So obviously, there is a high attitudinal attachment form its customers. It can happen to see in Japan some brand’s fans wearing tee shirts with the STARBUCKS’ logo. They love the brand, thus they are proud to show their loyalty. – SWOT Strength – The Starbucks model: vision, goal (“become an enduring, great company with the most recognized and respected brand in the world”) – Starbucks stores tend to be located in high-traffic locations such as malls, busy street corners, and even grocery stores. (urbanization rate 67%) – Respected employer that values its employees: motivated employees and good work environment.

They believe that happy employees are the key to competitiveness and growth. – Leveraging the Brand: Multiple Channels of Distribution. Besides its stand-alone stores, Starbucks has set up cafes and carts in hospitals, banks, office buildings, supermarkets and shopping centers. Other distribution agreements have included office coffee suppliers, hotels, and airlines. – Strategic Japanese Partnership: Suntory – Strong Financial Foundation. Very profitable company: $1. 7 billion net revenues (check date) – Starbucks is the market leader in the coffee Market. – Customer service is excellent.

– High brand equity + High brand awareness. Starbucks is a benchmark in Japan among its competitors. – Company is expanding with speedy pace; – Starbucks making their business more environmental friendly. ‘ – Strong online communication policy (social media) Weaknesses High prices: Pricing are higher as compared to the competitors. – Still Lack of internal focus (Too much focus on Expansion)CEO working on it – High operating cost – The business profits are highly dependent on coffee product. – Numbers of closed stores in different countries during year 2008-2009. (In Japan notably) impact on the brand image – Starbucks have less control over stores in Japan and also less revenues. (partnership? joint venture .. 40/40) Opportunity – High Urbanization rate – Average, high purchasing power rate.

The Japanese government has been liberalizing, as its basic policy, the importation of goods into Japan in recent years – The Japanese consumers are probably one of the most discerning consumers in the world. Having a high expectancy toward products and services, they are willing to pay more if they think the product/service worth it. – Japanese are fans of Western Brands as fancy

Japanese are environmental friendly – Entry barrier in the international market. (against new competitors) – Consumer Trends towards more healthy (Recent survey on the benefit of the caffeine (Polyphenol) (World Trend). – – Threats – Financial crisis. Current recession may impact the sales. – Deflation in Japan. Japanese still waiting the price is decline. – Japan depends heavily on the world market especially about coffee – High price of the real estate. – Competitors are trying to minimize the differentiation by imitating. – its growing ubiquity has not gone unnoticed by anti-globalization activists.

Protest against the company. – Japanese Coffee shop market is really competitive, market nearly saturated. – Language Barrier: most Japanese businessmen speak little English; speaking Japanese is often a key asset in order to avoid misunderstandings. + The law is only written in Japanese. – Japanese law controls the import of goods that can negatively affect Japanese industry, economy, health, hygiene or public safety and moral. – Starbucks is exposed to rises in the cost of coffee and dairy products. – Competition + Mapping There are basically two types of competitors; direct and indirect. We shall

begin with the direct ones (self-service coffee shops and cafe) and will continue with indirect competitors (instant coffee or coffee consumed elsewhere than in coffee shops) 1) Direct competitors : • Doutor Gourmet Coffee shop – Excelsior Cafe: Doutor Coffee Co. , Ltd. is a Japanese company founded by Toriba Hiromichi in 1962 that specializes in coffee roasting and coffee shop franchising. It is the pioneer in self-service coffee shops in Japan. It opened its first store in 1980 and has been continually growing to become the leader on this market today with more than 2900 stores in Japan (compared to 935 for Starbucks Japan).

The arrival of Starbucks in 1995 forced, in a way Doutor to create a new brand, namely Excelsior Cafe which kind of copied the Starbucks formula. • Marketing-mix rundown: o Product: Basically, the range of choice in beverages is quite similar to Starbucks’ products lineup. There are hot and ice beverages (coffee based or not). Regarding the food lineup, Doutor and Excelsior Cafe offer a wide choice of cakes, hotdogs and other salty stuff. Whereas, Starbucks offers only sweets products. This competitor (as Starbucks) is also implementing seasonal foods and beverages.

Aside from that, Doutor/Excelsior Cafe sell packs of fresh coffee (beans) and accessories (mug, machines). o Price: The pricing policy is in average 10% lower than Starbucks’. o Promotion: Doutor and Excelsior Cafe have been operating for many years, especially Doutor and 99% of Japanese know these brands. As a result they don’t really use promotion, except for announcing new seasonal/limited products through their websites or TV spots. It’s mainly a story of word of mouth. Doutor and Excelsior have also a member card that can brings discount after several purchases.

As it is said above, Doutor and Excelsior Cafe have more than 2900 stores in Japan. Those are located in major conurbations (Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Kobe and so on). In these huge cities, you basically find a Doutor coffee shop under every single train station. Thus, they benefit from really good locations, with a lot of circulation. In terms of interior, Doutor has a stylish yet casual atmosphere while Excelsior Cafe has an Italian bar layout with smoking and non smoking area. Both offer free wireless Internet connection. Others information: Doutor Coffee shop has not really precise target.

It has a more casual image than Starbucks and basically everyone go in a Doutor Coffee because they are everywhere. Excelsior Cafe is the Doutor’s better-lit version of Starbucks. Thus, it targets younger people. Last but not least, you can buy alcohol (mainly beers) in these coffee shops which is really a “Japanese thing”. • Tully’s Coffee: Tully’s Coffee is a U. S company based, created in 1992. Tully’s Coffee Japan started in 1999 as a joint partnership with the master license rights being purchased by Tully’s Coffee Japan in 2005. The brand in Japan grew by way of the single-unit franchise method.

Tully’s Coffee Japan is now roasting six types of coffee beans in Japan with the help of UCC Ueshima Coffee. The company thus becomes the first major coffee house affiliated with a non-Japanese company to roast its own beans. It has currently 400 stores in Japan. The marketing mix is basically similar to Starbucks or Doutor. Price are 5-10% lower than Starbucks’. It offers well-designed spaces (housed with soft seating areas to smoking sections), to relaxing or hip funky music playing at the right volume in the background, to a stack of magazines to read, to free Wi-Fi.

The stores are designed with the comfort of the customers in mind. To match the Japanese spirit and its love for the more indigenous beverages, the ever-expanding menu includes seasonal festive drinks and food. Tully’s has also a member card that can bring discount after several purchases. • Caffe VELOCE: It is a Japanese coffee shop set up in 1986. Today, it has 250 stores in Japan. They have a variety of sandwiches and also beverages other than coffee. The atmosphere of Veloce has a bit of an American and European feel and is very spacious.

Interior decoration is simple and modest, not too much decoration. And there are usually large windows which you can sit at and watch the world go by outside. It has free Wifi. And the cost is very cheap, too. Veloce is the cheapest of these reviewed coffee shops and has great quality (15% cheaper than Starbucks). Coffee is fresh but simple here. There are no fancy things like in Starbucks but everything you buy here ought to be fresh. It is as Starbucks a non-smoking place. Veloce is seriously competing with Starbucks in quality. And Veloce is the cheapest of the coffee shops.

The target of Caffe Veloce seems to be (relatively) the salary men and people who just want a good coffee or other beverages with a sandwich, without fancy stuff. • McCafe: McDonald’s Japan launched its McCafe Shop in 2008 which feature a broad lineup of specialty coffee drinks. Additionally, the burger chain recently introduced a better quality brew called Premium Roast at its regular restaurants for just 100 yen per cup. Although McCafe is still targeting kids, families and younger customers, they hope the new stores succeed in reaching out the older generation, primarily through healthier soup and sandwich.

By installing a McCafe next to a McDonald’s, they intend to increase the sales of the hamburger stores. Some McCafes are in the same complex as a McDonald’s. Since McDonald’s has already ~3900 regular McDonald’s stores in Japan, they can increase the number of McCafe very quickly. With good quality low price coffee, McCafe is a real competitor for Starbucks and the other coffee shops. • The mom-and-pop cafe: Estimated at 65,000, these cafe or “Kissaten” have been here since the 50’s. These are independent non-branded coffee shops with a highly targeted customer base.

Typically, the clientele is made up by a rather elderly segment of the population, and due to a sense of exclusivity prices have been and continue to be the most expensive in the market. They are relatively formal sit-in places. Customers are served in a traditional restaurant-style manner and the average stay is around 30 minutes. A cup of coffee usually costs around 600 yen, typically even more. Since the 80’s there has been a staggering decrease of these Cafe. Although the food and the coffee have a better quality, these cafe cannot really compete with group such as Starbucks or Doutor Coffee.

On the at-home fresh coffee market: At first glance, we could think that every coffee (or others beverages) that is not bought/drank in a coffee shop is an indirect competitors for Starbucks. But, actually, Starbucks do sell fresh coffee bags through its stores and website. However, its market share in the at-home fresh coffee is less than 1%. This coffee “sub-market” is quite fragmented. The leader in terms of market share is the Japanese coffee roaster/retailer UCC Ueshima with 15% of market share in volume and 12% in value.

On the Instant coffee market: Since 2010, Starbucks Japan has entered the instant coffee market with its ‘VIA Coffee Essence”. The market is oligopolistic for only 2 companies account for 90% of the market share. The leader, Nestle Japan has 60% market share in volume and it climbs over 69% in value. Its challenger is Ajinomoto General Foods with 31% in volume and 22% in value. At the present, we did not find data concerning the market share Starbucks’ VIA could have gained against these competitors. • On the Ready to Drink (RTD) coffee market:

Starbucks Japan has a licensing agreement for the manufacturing, distribution and marketing of Starbucks-branded coffee RTD beverages in Japan, offering Starbucks Discoveries chilled cup coffees and Starbucks Doubleshot espresso drinks to Japanese consumers in convenience stores. However, its market share is also insignificant.

Tropical Cyclone college application essay help: college application essay help

Capacity Development and Training 14. Awareness and Education 15. Contingency Plans 1 What is cyclone Millions of people living in the coastal areas of the west Atlantic, east and south Pacific and north and south Indian Oceans, regularly face the hazards of cyclone, also known as hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, typhoon in the western Pacific, willy willy near Australia and baguious in the Philippines.

Every cyclone begins as tropical low-pressure depressions, created by oceanic temperature rising above 26 degrees Celsius, which rotates clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, forming a gigantic and highly volatile atmospheric system – with an eye at the vortex (10 to 50 Km) which is a relatively calm area, an eye wall (10 to 15 km in height and 50 km in length) of gale winds and intense clouds and spiral bands of convective clouds with torrential rains (a few km wide and hundreds of km long) – that move above 34 knots (64 km per hour).

The cyclones moving more than 90 km, 120 km and 225 km per hour respectively have been classified as severe, very severe and super cyclones. The hurricanes in the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific basins are classified in Categories I to V as per Saffir-Simpson Intensity Scale1. More often the cyclone blows over and dissipates by its own momentum without causing much damage due to reduction of moisture and increase in surface friction, but sometimes it landfalls on the coastal settlements with very high velocity of wind, torrential rain and massive storm surges, resulting in devastating damages to life and property.

Killer Cyclones There are records of many killer cyclones that consumed tens of thousands of human lives, such as the Kyushu typhoon of Japan (1281) that killed more than 100,000 people, the Canton typhoon of China (1862) that took 37,000 lives, the Midnapore (1864) and the Backergunj (1876) cyclone of Bengal that claimed 75,000 and 200,000 lives respectively and the Galveston hurricane of Texas (1900) that left 12,000 dead 2. Cyclones no longer kill such enormous numbers anymore in most of the countries due to various mitigation and preparatory measures; still people die in thousands at many places.

The cyclones that killed more than 1000 lives since 1950 are listed below: Table – I: Cyclones that Killed more than 1000 persons since 19503 Basin North Indian Ocean Cyclone Cyclone Cyclone Cyclone Cyclone Cyclone Bhola Cyclone Cyclone Gorky Cyclone Cyclone Year 1963 1965 1965 1965 1970 1985 1991 1971 1977 Countries East Pakistan East Pakistan East Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan East Pakistan Bangladesh Bangladesh Orissa, India Andhra, India Deaths 22,000 17,000 30,000 10,000 300,000 10,000 131,000 10,000 20,000 2

Cyclone Cyclone Cyclone West Hurricane Flora Atlantic Hurricane Inez Hurricane Fifi Hurricane David Hurricane Mitch Hurricane Katrina East and South Typhoon Iris Pacific Typhoon Sarah Typhoon Vera Baguious Thelma 1996 1998 1999 1963 1966 1974 1969 1998 2005 1955 1959 1959 1991 Andhra, India Gujarat, India Orissa, India Cuba, Haiti Caribbean, Mexico Central America Central America Central America New Orleans, USA Fujian, China Japan, South Korea Japan Philippines 1,000 1,000 9,500 8,000 2,000 5,000 2,608 11,000 1,836 2,334 2,000 4,466 3,000

It would be seen that out of a total 602,908 deaths due to these 22 killer cyclones since 1950, North Indian Ocean accounted for 551,500 (93%), Bay of Bengal 540,500 (89. 6%) and Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan) 500,000 (83%). Most of these unfortunate deaths could have been prevented if basic and elementary measures for cyclone mitigation and preparedness were in place in these countries. Analysis of the intensity of cyclones and the deaths and damages caused by them indicate very diverse co-relationship according to the level of economic and social development of the countries and the state of preparedness of the communities.

The deadliest of all cyclones in recorded history – the cyclone Bhola of 1970 in East Pakistan – was classified only as Category III (maximum wind speed 205 km, lowest pressure 966 hPa and storm surge 4 m) 4 but it killed three hundred thousand people while the economic loss was estimated at only US$ 86. 4 million. Contrarily hurricane Katrina of August 2005 in New Orleans was classified as Category IV (maximum wind speed 280 km, lowest pressure 902 hPa and storm surge 6 m) 5 but the casualties, despite the terrible mismanagement of the crisis, was limited to 1836, while the economic loss mounted to US$ 81.2 billion. Hurricane Mitch of 1998 in Central America, on the contrary, was classified Category V (maximum wind speed 285 km, lowest pressure 905 hPa and storm surge 8 m) 6 that killed 11,000 people and damaged assets worth US$ 4 billion.

The lessons that can be drawn from these three catastrophic cyclonic in three representative poor, rich and middle income countries are that the more developed the countries the less casualties would take place but more economic losses are likely to be sustained. Conversely in poor countries the human losses would be more but economic losses would be less simply because the unit costs of damages are assessed lower in developing countries. In the middle income countries the damages to life and property would be somewhere in between. The poor countries can however make a big difference if the governments invest to mitigate the effects of cyclone in a cost effective manner and the communities prepare to face the cyclones in a participatory and sustainable manner.

Cyclone Risk Mitigation and Preparedness Framework Based on the lessons learnt from the cyclones around the world and the advances made in various related sciences and disciplines on the subject a cyclone risk mitigation and preparedness framework can be presented in the shape of the following diagram: 3 CYCLONE RISK MITIGATION FRAMEWORK Cyclone Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Mapping, Assessment, Analysis & Monitoring Participatory Risk Assessment Remote Sensing & Geo Information Risk Modeling

Total Risk = Mitigable Risk + Acceptable Risk Risk mitigation Structural Sea Wall Embankment Bio-Shield Cyclone Shelter Early Warning & communication Cyclone resistant housing and infrastructure Development/ enforcement of Techno-legal Regime Risk transfer/ risk financing Non Structural Awareness Education Early warning Dissemination Community Based Disaster Preparedness Evacuation Plan Emergency Health Management Plan Training Mock Drills Preparedness Contingency Plan at all levels and sectors

Risk Mapping, Assessment and Analysis The first and probably the most complex task of cyclone mitigation is to map the hazard, risks and vulnerabilities of cyclone at all levels, analyze and assess the levels of risks and monitor it continuously. It is only on the basis of such a knowledge base that a proper and effective strategy for cyclone risk mitigation and preparedness can be developed. Atmospheric and remote sensing sciences have made a huge progress in the understanding of the phenomenon of cyclones.

Satellite images can spot the development of low pressure zones, doppler radars can track them down and instrumented aircrafts can reach the cyclone eye, eye walls and spiral bands to transmit data on wind velocity, pressure and moisture contents of the low pressure zones. Powerful software tools are available to analyze the data to make fairly accurate forecasts on the intensity, direction and location of the landfall and the likely areas to be affected by winds, rain and storm surges.

The time series data on cyclones have been utilized to map and zone the areas prone to the hazards of cyclone. Such maps are now available at a regional, district and even subdistrict levels in most of the countries. Such maps are also available in digital formats which enable integration of various spatial data with socio-economic, housing, infrastructure and other variables that can provide a quick assessment of the risks and vulnerabilities of cyclones based on which appropriate mitigation and preparedness strategies can be developed.

But actual work on such data integration has been limited to a few areas only and therefore vulnerability analysis has still to be done on the basis of ground level data collection and analysis, which is yet a largely unattended task in most of the countries. 4 The satellite imageries are also supplemented with data regarding topography, vegetation, hydrology, land use- land cover, settlement pattern etc to develop numerical models of storm surge and the inundation levels based on which timely warnings can be issued and realistic evacuation plans can be drawn up to shift the people and cattle likely to be affected by the cyclone.

However such theoretical advances on cyclone modeling have been confronted with constraints in practical applications which would require more sustained research for accurate forecasting and simpler application format that would enable transfer of the technology to the planners and emergency response managers. The constraints are further compounded by non-availability of accurate ground level data base and the costs involved in up-scaling such models from a pilot research phase to country wide application phase.

Such works are still in progress even in advanced countries and therefore developing countries may not have the benefit of such accurate modeling in the very near future although this is well within the realm of possibility. This only highlights the relevance and importance of community based Participatory Risk Assessment (PRA). Many such PRA tools have been developed in coastal areas which capture the intimate knowledge and perception that a community has about its own risks and vulnerabilities.

Such perceptions have often been validated by scientific analysis, lending credence to the reliability, simplicity and cost effectiveness of such assessment. More importantly, it involves the communities in the entire process making it democratic, sustainable and proactive and definitely facilitates bridging the gap between assessment and preparedness or knowledge and action. Historically the coastal communities have faced the furies of nature and have inherited an intuitive and holistic knowledge of the way the nature behaves and the impact it has on animals, plants and human lives and livelihood.

Accordingly communities have learnt to develop indigenous coping mechanisms for survival, which were internalized as life style activities and transmitted from one generation to another. Many isolated communities in the coasts have survived through this process. Unfortunately the process of so-called modernization and globalization are resulting in changes in the life style of the coastal communities and many of the traditional wisdoms and practices are fast dying out.

There is a need to document these practices, assess their relevance and adapt them according to the changing conditions. Therefore the ideal tool for assessment of cyclone risks and vulnerabilities at the local level should be a combination of scientific and traditional knowledge, each supplementing the other in a manner that science corrects those superstitions and dogmas of traditional knowledge that are not substantiated and traditional knowledge enriches scientific truths with those time tested experiments and experience of centuries that can not be simulated.

Such ideal solutions are not very common, but the two complementary processes – increasing spread of scientific education on the one hand and growing respect of traditional and indigenous knowledge on the other – are creating awareness of such solutions, highlighting need for increased collaboration among the physical and social scientists for cyclone risk assessment and analysis at the local level. Total and Acceptable Risk Any strategy for cyclone risk mitigation or for that matter mitigation of any disaster risk would depend on correct estimation of total and acceptable risks.

The concept of ‘total risk’ connotes the sum total of all probable harmful consequences or expected losses from a disaster such as deaths, injuries, damages to movable or immovable property, livelihoods, infrastructure, disruption of economic activities or environment damages. It may not always be easy to project such damages, such as environmental or psycho-social damages would be difficult to be quantified, but based on correct risk assessment of disasters it should be 5 possible to construct different scenarios of total risks according to the intensity, location or time of disasters.

Once realistic assessment of total risks are available, the countries and communities should make strategic decisions on how much of these risks can be prevented outright, how much can be mitigated and to what extent by the various agencies. The residual risks that can neither be prevented nor mitigated in a cost effective manner in the given social, economic, political, cultural, technical or environmental conditions can be regarded as ‘acceptable risks’. Therefore the level of ‘acceptable risk’ would vary from place to place and also from time to time.

Once the level of ‘acceptable risk’ is decided countries and communities must be prepared to face these risks so that the damages to life, livelihood and property from these risks can be reduced to their minimum. Ideally the level of preparedness should be equal to the level of ‘acceptable risk’. Excess preparedness in any sector or level would be wasteful which should better be avoided. Similarly deficit in preparedness would be taking a chance with risks that may cause avoidable damages.

Structural and Non Structural Mitigation Given the nature of the cyclonic hazards, it shall not be possible to prevent the risks of cyclone however advanced the country may be socially or economically, as has been well demonstrated during the aftermath of hurricane Katrina in the USA. On the contrary there are indications that the hazards of cyclone would increase due to the effects of global warming and the resultant climate changes. As the ocean surface temperature rises probability of atmospheric depressions on tropical seas would increase.

Similarly as the glacial melts raises the level of ocean the impact of storm surges would be more severe and many sea wall or embankment modeling done in the past may undergo revisions necessitating redefinition of the design parameters of such constructions. In the face of increasing menace of cyclonic hazards, mitigation would remain the key and the most effective strategy to reduce the risks of cyclone. Every country and community has to decide its own mitigation strategy according to its own risks, resources and capabilities. Broadly such strategies would be two fold: structural and non-structural.

Structural mitigation measures generally refer to capital investment on physical constructions or other development works, which include engineering measures and construction of hazardresistant and protective structures and other protective infrastructure. Non-structural measures refer to awareness and education, policies techno-legal systems and practices, training, capacity development etc. Sea Wall and Embankments Among the structural mitigation measures sea walls and saline water embankments are probably the most effective and capital intensive investment to mitigate the risks of cyclones.

A seawall is a coastal defense constructed usually of reinforced concrete on the inland part of a coast to prevent the ingress of storm surges arising out of cyclones. Sometimes the sea wall is constructed with a multiple purpose of reclaiming low lying land or preventing coastal erosion. The height of sea walls is determined according to the maximum observed height of storm surges which may be as high as 10 meters. Therefore sea walls are usually massive structures which can be built only with a heavy investment. Maintenance of such structures further requires recurrent expenditure.

Hence sea walls along the entire coast are never a practicable solution to prevent or mitigate storm surges, but such walls are recommended when valuable assets like a city or a harbor is to be protected. Sea walls can be vertical, sloping or curved. Modern concrete sea walls tend to be curved to deflect the wave energy back out to sea, reducing the force. There are instances of many sea walls which were constructed after devastating cyclones and which successfully prevented such disasters. The most important is the 12 Km long and 17 ft high seawall 6 constructed in Texas after the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 which killed 8000 people.

The seawall has never been overtopped by a storm surge from a hurricane, although maintenance of the wall has been beset with various engineering problems. The Gold Coast seawall in Australia was laid along the urban sections of the Gold Coast coastline following 11 cyclones in 1967. The massive stone seawall in Pondicherry constructed and maintained by the French engineers kept the historic city center dry even though tsunami waves of December 2004 had driven water 24 feet above the normal hightide mark.

Similarly 3. 5 meter high sea wall in Maldives saved the city of Male from the tsunami. Such success stories are available from many coastal cities. There are also instances where absence of such protective structures near the beaches and resorts and breaches in sea walls near the cities and towns resulted in severe damages to life and property. If sea walls are essential to protect coastal cities and harbors, saline water embankments are recommended to protect rural settlements and to prevent saline water ingress into agricultural and horticultural land.

Such embankments are usually a ridge built with earth or rock to contain the storm surges. Cost benefit calculations usually do not permit very high specifications for such constructions and therefore effectiveness of such embankments in preventing or mitigating the impacts of cyclones have been rather limited. Further, saline embankments have the potential to kill the mangroves due to chocking of saline water. Therefore such embankments should be constructed in limited areas where vegetative protection would not be adequate to prevent the ingress of saline water into habitations.

Bio-Shields Bio shields usually consist of mangroves, casuarinas salicornia, laucaena, atriplex, palms, bamboo and other tree species and halophytes and other shrub species that inhabit lower tidal zones. These can block or buffer wave action with their stems, which can measure upto 30 meter high and several meters in circumference. They trap sediment in their roots, thereby maintain a shallow slope on the seabed that absorbs the energy of tidal surges.

They also break the high velocity of winds and thus protect agricultural crops and shelters besides providing shelter and grazing lands for the livestock and farms. They reduce evaporation from the soil, transpiration from the plants and moderate extreme temperatures. They protect fertile coastal agricultural land from erosion. They also serve as carbon sinks as they help enhance carbon sequestration which makes coastal communities eligible for carbon credit to earn additional income. Besides they promote sustainable fisheries by releasing nutrients in the water.

Unfortunately the multiple and long term environmental protection and economic functions of the bio-shields have not been adequately appreciated until very recently. Unabated anthropogenic pressures of coastal settlements and unchecked commercial exploitation of coastal resources have resulted in denudation of such natural buffers exposing large areas to the vagaries of cyclonic storms. In the Indian state of Orissa, where the low-lying coastline has been stripped of mangroves to make way for shrimp farms, the super cyclone of 1999 left more than 10,000 people dead and around 7. 5 million homeless.

Although the cyclone affected over 250 km of Orissa’s coastline, it was only the highly denuded area of 100 km through which water surged. Other areas with intact mangrove forests were largely unaffected. Again 7 the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 impacted those areas more severely where the bioshields buffer were either not available or depleted considerably. In such areas tsunami waves made deep ingress into land, ruined crops, drowned livestock and poisoned arable land and water supplies with salt. Mangroves and other coastal habitats, where still in existence, met the tsunami head on.

For instance, the Pichavaram mangrove forest, a tourist attraction in Cuddalore district, protected about 6,000 people living in six hamlets located between 100 meters and one kilometer from the mangroves. Seawater did not enter the village and hence there was no loss of property. Therefore systematic regeneration of the bio-shields in the coastal belts wherever feasible is the most natural and cost effective method of protecting these areas from storm surges and erosion. This is not an easy task which can be achieved instantly since there is a time cycle for such plantations to grow and survive against fresh pressures of winds and waves.

Therefore serious efforts are required in designing such bio-shields, selecting the appropriate fast growing species suitable to the agro-climatic zones and involving the coastal communities in the maintenance and protection of such buffer zone of plantations. Cyclone Shelter A large number of people in the coastal areas live in thatched houses which cannot withstand the high velocity of wind and storm surges resulting in extensive damages of such houses and deaths and injuries of a large number of poor people.

The high rates of casualties in cyclones in Bangladesh and India are primarily due to unsafe buildings in the coastal areas. The poor economic conditions of the people may not permit them to rebuild their houses as per the cyclone resistant designs and specifications. Therefore, community cyclone shelters constructed at appropriate places within the easy access of the habitations of the vulnerable communities can provide an immediate protection from deaths and injuries due to the collapse of houses.

Such shelters are usually built on pillars above the danger level of storm surges/inundation, are specious enough to accommodate a few hundred people of the neighboring hamlets and provide provisions of drinking water, sanitation, kitchen, etc. During the normal season such shelters can be utilized as schools, dispensaries or other community purposes. A large number of such cyclone shelters were built in the coastal areas of Bangladesh and eastern and south India, which provided immediate shelters to the vulnerable communities.

Drastic reduction in the number of deaths and injuries in the cyclones during the past 5-6 years can be partly attributed to these shelters. Therefore, the governments have placed a very high priority on the construction of such shelters in areas which have hitherto not been covered. Cyclone Resistant Housing & Infrastructure Super cyclones with wind velocity of 250 km per hour and above have caused damages to even engineered structures at many places around the world. This was largely due to the absence of appropriate design criteria for construction of buildings and infrastructure which can withstand the pressures of such strong winds.

Bureau of Standards of various countries have developed revised design norms which are followed for new constructions. However, the compliance standards of such norms have not been very effective largely due to inadequacies of properly trained engineers 8 and masons who can supervise and raise such constructions. The problem is further compounded by a week and ineffective system of enforcement of the guidelines. The problem is even more complex for the large number of existing structures that have already been constructed without adherence to the revised norms.

Such buildings can only be retrofitted with an additional cost which the house owners find reluctant to invest. Various advanced countries have passed legislations which has made retrofitting mandatory. In the developing countries the focus is confined more to strengthening the lifeline buildings which would play a critical role during emergency operations such as hospitals, emergency operation centers, police control rooms etc, leaving other unsafe structures and habitations as ‘acceptable risks’, for which adequate preparedness measures should be developed.

Early Warning and Communication Early warning of cyclones and its dissemination to the coastal habitations is an important preparatory measure to reduce the losses of life and property during cyclones. Due to heavy investments involved in the installation, operation and management of modern early warning system, it is also considered as an essential component of structural mitigation. With the rapid development of science and technology the early warning and communication system is undergoing changes.

Powerful doppler radar systems can now track the movement of atmospheric depression and accurate early warnings can be issued 48-72 hours in advance about the probability of cyclone, its intensity and wind speed, direction and possible location of the land fall. Such warnings are broadcast through the radio and television network for the information of people in the coastal areas. Based on the data generated by the system numerical modeling on storm surge and flooding can forecast the inundation level from where the affected population can be evacuated to safer places.

There are hundreds of such instances where early warning helped to save thousands of lives in the coastal areas. However, inaccuracies in the modeling exercises have some time led to exaggerated responses leading to unnecessary evacuation of hundreds of persons which could have been avoided. Such inaccurate predictions some time reduce the faith of coastal communities on the early warning system, which need to be avoided at any cost. It is expected that with further advances of early warning technology the predictions would be more and more accurate leading to better responses in emergency situations.

It is also expected that increasing coverage of radio and television, more extensive use of ham radios and innovative use of mobile communication system would facilitate better dissemination of early warning to the isolated coastal communities particularly in the remote islands. The dissemination system can be made more effective with the active involvement of the communities and households in the preparation of their own cyclone contingency plans. Community Based Disaster Preparedness Communities are the first real time responder to any disaster situation.

However developed or efficient a response mechanism could be there would always be a time gap between the disaster and the actual response from the government and other agencies. In the case of Mumbai flood of July 2005 the response time was 12 9 hours while in the case of hurricane Katrina a month later it was more than 48 hours. During this critical period it is the community which has to look towards itself for self help. Therefore if the communities are mobilized and trained to assess their own risk through participatory risk assessment process, develop their own contingency plans and set up their own teams for evacuation, search and rescue, emergency shelter, first aid etc, the risks of cyclones can be managed with significant reduction in number of deaths and injuries.

The post 1991 cyclones in Bangladesh have demonstrated how a Community Based Disaster Preparedness (CBDP) programme could make a drastic reduction in the risks of cyclonic disasters. Therefore, more and more governments have adopted CBDP as an important strategy for disaster risk management particularly in the coastal areas. The Government of Philippines has in fact amended their laws to devolve certain emergency response functions to the communities.

The Government of India is implementing the largest ever CBDP programme in 169 multi-hazard districts of 17 States covering nearly 300 million people. Risk Transfer and Risk Financing Mounting economic losses due to cyclones cannot be compensated by the Government whose role would be limited to providing ex-gratia relief to the next of kin of persons who have died or to those sustained injuries and to provide support for the reconstruction of houses and livelihood regeneration for the poor and lower middle class people. Government support would also be necessary for reconstruction of the damaged public assets.

The risks of industrial, commercial and other infrastructure and assets in the private and household sector can only be secured through the mechanism of risk financing and risk insurance. As the country develops, the share of private sector in the GDP would increase and, therefore, risk financing would be assuming increasing importance. In the developed countries nearly ninety percent of the assets are covered by insurance against natural disasters which has encouraged collateral investment on disaster resistant housing and infrastructure so as to reduce the premium for insurance.

This has been a win-win situation for the private and individual sector in transferring their risks to the insurance companies, for the insurance companies in generating business and for the government in reducing its expenditure on relief and reconstruction while at the same time encouraging private investments for better safety standards for buildings and infrastructure. The experiences gained in this regard need to be further adapted according to the conditions of low and middle income countries.

Various innovative services and products like micro insurance, micro credit etc.have been developed in many countries for increasing the resilience of local communities. Micro credit is particularly playing an importance role in retrofitting the vulnerabilities of the poorer sections of the community, especially the women, in the developing countries. Capacity Development and Training Capacity development is the most cost effective method of reducing the vulnerabilities of the people living in the coastal areas. The coastal communities have a certain degree of capacities built into their social systems and practices acquired through inherited experiences of generations.

But such indigenous capacities are often overwhelmed by the vagaries of nature due to various anthropogenic factors like the 10 degradation of environment, changing land uses, pressures of population on settlements, climate change etc. Therefore, the local capacities have to be continuously upgraded and further developed according to the changing needs and the developments of science and technology and other improved practices in various sectors. The challenge of capacity development is to transfer the new horizons of knowledge into actionable modules at the local levels for the local people by the local community.

Such capacities can be developed through meetings, interactions, discussions, exposure visits and trainings. Training is particularly necessary for cutting edge functionaries within and outside the government at various levels in different sectors to impart them with necessary skill for cyclone risk reduction and management. Training programmes have to be practical, scenario based and exercise and problem solving oriented so that the functionaries are aware of their specific responsibilities and are able to discharge those responsibilities efficiently before, during and after the cyclonic disasters.

Training is also required for those community members who would be part of the community response teams for the initial critical hours and days till specialized assistance from the government and non-governmental agencies from the outside are organized. Such trainings may include maroon search and rescue, first aid, evacuation, temporary shelter management, arrangements of drinking water and sanitation, provision of cooked food etc. Such trainings can be better organized by a core group of community trainers who can be trained intensively by the specialized government and non-government agencies.

Awareness and Education While training and capacity development target specific groups according to their specific training needs, awareness generation is more of a general in nature which sensitizes common masses about the risks, vulnerabilities of cyclones and the preventive, mitigative and preparedness measures that can be taken at the government, community, household and individual level. Electronic, print and folk media can play important roles in awareness generation on a large scale.

Awareness and sensitization programme can also be organized for more specific and limited audience such as parliamentarians, policy makers, media and other selected audience. Cyclone education programme, on the contrary, would be more formalized curriculum which can be institutionalized within the education system at various levels. Disaster management has already been included in the educational curriculum of the schools in many countries and cyclone risk mitigation can be a part of such curriculum. Various branches of science and technology can have course modules on Cyclone Risk Management.

For example, civil engineering and architectural courses can have curriculum on cyclone resistant housing and infrastructure. Medical and mental health sciences can have course module on emergency health and trauma management for cyclone affected people, while IT and Communication sciences may have courses on Early Warning and Communication. Such curriculum at various levels of general and professional courses would help to develop necessary 11 professional expertise to support the disaster risk mitigation and preparedness programmes of the government and other agencies at different levels.

Contingency Plans In the not too distant past whenever a severe cyclone storm has struck the coastal areas in the developing countries the communities and government have mostly been caught unaware and often they have been so overwhelmed by the all round damages and destructions that it has taken quite some time for them to recover from the initial shocks and to plan and act in a coordinated manner, resulting in considerable chaos and confusion not only among the decision makers but also the emergency responders and other key stakeholders.

Coordination among the agencies becomes a casualty in a crisis situation which affects the relief and reconstruction operations. The disastrous consequences of an absence of a pre-disaster contingency plan has been demonstrated repeatedly in many countries on a number of occasions.

Therefore, one of the most critical elements of cyclone risk management is to have a contingency plan in readiness, which would clearly delineate the roles and responsibilities of various agencies within and outside the government, define the exact functions to be performed by them, the process to be followed in the performance of these functions, the tools and equipments to be kept in readiness, procurements to be made, evacuation drills to be followed, the emergency medical plan to be put in place etc.

Such a contingency plan should be prepared vertically at the national, provincial, district and sub-district and community level and horizontally for the different sectors – police, civil defence, health, fire services, food and civil supplies, agriculture, fisheries, water supply, roads and bridges and so on. Standard operating procedure should be laid down for each activity to avoid any confusion and to ensure coordination among the various agencies involved in the response, relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes after the disasters.

Such contingency plan should be reviewed periodically to update them according to changing situations and also to create awareness among all the stakeholders. The best way to keep the contingency plan in readiness is to conduct mock drills at least once in a year before the cyclone season starts so that the operational difficulties in implementation of the plan are sorted out at the ground level and the various agencies within and outside the government can work together in a coordinated and efficient manner when the disaster would actually strike.

Such mock drills again should be conducted at various levels to ensure operational readiness of the system. Even with all these mitigation and preparatory measures in place the cyclones would continue to strike the coastal settlements and probably these would strike with more frequencies and greater intensities in future. Death, injuries and losses can no doubt be reduced with better preparedness and mitigation measures, but these can not be avoided altogether.

The challenge would be how efficiently these damages are managed, how best the affected people are rescued and provided relief and rehabilitation assistance in a humane and transparent manner, how fast the damaged houses and infrastructure are reconstructed and how quickly the pre-disaster situations are restored and normal life bounces back to its rhythm. This would require a pre 12 disaster recovery planning to be in place, ready for implementation, whenever a disaster strikes.

Is Key to Long and Healthy Life popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help

Introduction In this seminar it is going to be word how is the exercise key to long and helthy life. I have wrote how exersise affects on our lives in very stage of our life. I have explaned how exercise helps people to fight with all kind of diseases. Also I have wrote the importance of healthy diet and how it is important to eat good food. I also noted the importance of exercise in the development of children. In this seminar I have gave tips for healthy and long life. More that 1. 6 billion people in the world are either overweight or obese and United States has the highest rate of obesity.

World’s number one killer is cardiovascular diseases, which can easily be prevented by exercising. Exercise not only reduces the risk of health problems and various diseases, but it also has an effect on overall appearance. It is proven that exercising and being active can improve self-esteem and confidence. Excerising is one of the most important things in life and it can even be fun. It is a crucial element for living a healthier, longer, and happier life. The number one reason why people should exercise is because it will keep you healthy.

People oll around the world are eating enormous amounts of fast foods these days, so cardiovascular diseases are becoming more and more common. For example one out of every four Americans are suffering from some form of cardiovascular diseases, which results in more than forty-five percent of deaths annually. The main cause for this condition is obesity. The more body fat that you have, the greater your risk for heart disease. However, this condition can easily be prevented or controlled by exercising. Exercising makes the heart muscles stronger.

When your heart muscle is strong it can do the same amount of work at a lower heart rate, so the heart doesn’t have to work as hard as it does with weak muscles. In today’s society people are less concerned with the food they eat and their physical condition, so many serious illnesses are becoming quite common. Exercising not only helps prevent cardiovascular diseases, but it also helps prevent strokes, type 2 diabetesand, even certain types of cancer. The second benefit to exercising is that it improves self-esteem and confidence.

Most people think of exercising as only being a physical activity, but it’s also a mental activity. There have been studies that show evidence that people who exercise have higher self esteem and confidence. It also showed that active people are less likely to have depression and anxiety. Exercising gives people energy, which helps people have positive outlooks on life and it helps relieves tension and stress. When you exercise you body releases endorphins, which are chemicals that create a happy feeling in brain. Plus, when you’re exercising you’re bringing more oxygen into you lungs and your brain appreciates the extra air.

Exercising also helps improve you brain function and your memory. Also every man who cares about his health have to care about food as well. Now we know that beside exercise crysial key to long and helthy life is also a diet. It is important to first start with a good eating plan. Age, health issues, and level of physical activity are just a few factors that should be taken into consideration when writing a meal plan for a person. For example, a young, healthy, and active person can eat more freely than an older person with high cholesterol who does not get much physical activity.

On average, a person should try to eat 6-11 servings of grains, 3-5 servings of fruits, 3-5 servings of vegetables, 2-3 servings of dairy, 2-3 servings of meat, and consume fats and sugars sparingly each day. One should shoot for this range until he/she can have an eating plan written for them. Exercise and diet are key factors in staying physically and mentally healthy. It is a known fact that if you look great and feel great you will live a longer and happier life. It is important to take one’s age, health, and current physical activity level into consideration when writing an exercise and diet plan.

There are many people out there, such as nutritionists, personal trainers, and even personal doctors, who can help develop a diet and exercise plan that is right for him/her. There are so many facilities out there to help keep you alive and healthy. Exercise is not all about physical looks, it also has to do a lot with your actual health and well being. For example, many overweight people tend to be more susceptible to higher cholesterol and blood pressure. Well, by working out and adding an exercise routine into your normal every day life, you can help to decrease risk factors drastically.

It is said that over 60% of American grown-ups are on the heavier side, or over weight. Only about 15% actually engage in the slightest amount of exercise. Exercise has also had a tremendous effect on the aging process of the body. Apparently the increase in exercise has an enormous effect on nerve cell health and with how long those cells are alive. By maintaining these healthy cells it helps to promote the production of antioxidants which help to protect cells from damage, this is the leading cause in aging.

No matter what your age is you can still benefit from exercise not only mentally but also help to prolong your ability to function later on in life. Keeping up a regular cardio routine is a great way to get in shape and also help benefit you in various prolonging ways. It is still a good idea to have weight lifting as a part of your routine too. There are six difference muscle groups that you can work on with weights. You have arms, back, chest, shoulders, legs, and then abs. You want to try and keep them all worked out pretty evenly.

Keeping it switched up and by not concentrating on lets just say bench press, you keep your body guessing and keep it from getting immune to the exercise. Instead of just doing bench press all the time you can switch it up to one week doing dumbbells, maybe cables the next, or maybe even just doing flat out push ups. Then you have the machine style work out which you can substitute in one week. Also you can switch the focus point up, maybe you want to concentrate on your upper chest this week and lower or mid chest the following week.

With this type of confusion your muscles will grow much stronger and you will notice much more of an improvemen. Diet is just as big of a part of your health as exercising, that’s why it is so crucial to eat well balanced healthy meals. This requires knowing what you are eating; you can obtain this by the dietary label present on the back of the food when you buy it in the grocery store. As I have sad besides exercise food play very important role in living a longer life. The best way to start towards a healthy diet is to start consuming more natural whole foods, such as fruit, vegetables, bread, cereals, potatoes, and pastas.

You have six different food groups one of which would be a good idea to eliminate completely from your diet, the sweets. The other five groups which you need to focus on are the dairy group, meat group, vegetable group, fruit group, and the bread group. It is a good idea to try and eat a little from each of these groups with each meal. Also keep in mind that you need to be paying attention to the amount of protein, fiber, salt, vitamins, and minerals in which you consume too. These are a little bit harder to keep track of and have always caused more confusion.

Best way to exercise is keeping your body active few times a week. Here are some tips how to start exercise. Whenever you walk a lot, you are already good exercise. But for the heart, lungs and arteries, it is good to have a little vigorously, but less exercise than walking. I recommend aerobic exercise, exercise where we use a lot of oxygen. You need to start slowly, because if you have not practiced, 5, 10 or 20 years, then you are not fit. It takes you weeks and months of exercise to get back in shape. Exercise should last at least 30 minutes, and it’s better if it lasts 45minutes.

You need to take a deep breathe, sweat and raise the heart rate above 120 ppm. Watch to became winder so that you can not pronounce any sentence between breaths. You will be able to exercise if strenuous and fast, so you can say only one word. And when it’s so, then slow down. A series of exercises is very good for our body. Choose the ones you like best. Swimming, running, aerobics, cycling, walking, skipping rope. Our body needs to be constantly on the move. The lungs and heart have to work and pump blood. We should exercise at least 3 times a week.

When we workout it increases our metabolism (this is called BMR), and should remain so 48 hours. If we make a bigger break, metabolism decreases again. He must be maintained, so that we always have energy and be strong. Exercise is therefore recommended at least every other day. If bad weather is outside, we can practice and inside the house. Exercise is not only required to elderly and obese persons it is necessary for those who are still in development and those are children. Sport helps children not only to be healthy and growing well physically and mentally, but also to quickly and easily connect with other children.

Being fit means being healthy. Moreover, if you in your child make the habit to play sports from an early age, you can prevent any problems that might occur during puberty. Children need to find what suits them and to play sports they love and what fulfilling their lives. It is essential that youngsters are motivated to practice some sport, they should never be compelled to it. A child may initially be difficult to get into the rhythm, but if kid in his parents have the support, commitment and security, everything will be fine. For children’s sport is especially the game and pastime.

For parents, the satisfaction of seeing your child to enjoy, knowing that while exercising, and if it is working properly, it prevents many complications that can occur in old age, such as obesity and osteoporosis, and also that children can overcome any disease that have befallen them as small, such as asthma. Sport is beneficial to the development of bones and muscles and provides a good fit. In addition, sport bring benefits that are not “tangible”. Exercise gives children more confidence, increase their self-esteem and helps them to better fit in with others in the region.

It’s a lot of value that are transmitted through sports, for example, solidarity and collegiality, and the sport is the most fun for the kids therapy. Adapted physical activity can help a child with problems to better fit with the environment and to enjoy your body. More and more children spend their leisure time in sedentary activities such as watching television and playing video games. For everything there is enough time and sport should never be left on the sidelines. It is a physical activity that is invaluable.

As we can see, exercise helps people in all aspects of their lives. in this day and age when people do not have enough time for themselves they can not enough exercise and are not active. Moder people are preoccupied with work and career, and so neglect their body. They do not have time to exercise which of course is harmful to their health. Those people are only seemingly happy because they subconscious know that such way of life is harfull to their body. They want to live a long and healthy but it can not be achieved if they continue to live like that.

These people are trying to make as much as posible worout but the that exercise is taking place at gyms and various other enclosed spaces instead of going to nature and on fresh air because it is the only way to live a healthy and long life. Some say exercise is a kind of drugs that keep you healthy and energetic, which is on the one hand trye. I think that exercising is a mainstay in our lives and it is the only thing that keeps us healthy. Conclusion In my opinion the best reason to exercise is that it’s really fun! Most people think that exercising takes up a lot of time and it requires too much work.

When people actually take the time to try exercising they realize it’s an enjoyable experience. It doesn’t matter how you exercise, as long as you are being active. Everyone enjoys different sports or activities, so it’s important to figure out which is best for you. When you having fun you don’t even realize that your exercising and you look forward to it everyday. Setting goals and rewards will help you stay motivated and consistent with exercising. There is no greater feeling than achieving a weight lose goal and being able to feel good about your body.

In conclusion, exercising is the key to making your life healthier, longer, and happier. It is one of the most important things in life and it’s one hundred percent beneficial. Many people come up with plenty of excuses to not exercise; however, if you truly want to improve your mental and physical health you will find the energy and time to exercise. Everyone should take time out of their days to exercise, so they can improve their lives in many ways. So next time you are deciding whether or not to exercise just think of the benefits you will experience from it. It is extremely rewarding and worthwhile.

Managerial Accounting essay help from professional writers: essay help from professional writers

Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts. ” Albert Einstein http://www. brainyquote. com/quotes/authors/a/albert_einstein. html Users of Accounting Information ? Users of accounting information can be divided in two categories: parties within the organisation, Internal managers mainly  and shareholders 2. External parties such as creditors and regulatory agencies, outside the organisation. Branches of Accounting

? It is possible to distinguish between two branches of accounting, that reflect the internal & external users of accounting information. 1. Management accounting is concerned with the provision of information to people within the organisation to help them make better decisions. ccounting is concerned with the Financial provision of information to external parties outside the organisation. Financial and Managerial Accounting: Seven Key Differences Financial Accounting 1. Users 2. Time focus 3. Verifiability versus relevance 4. Precision versus timeliness 5. Subject 6. Rules 7.

Requirement External persons who make financial decisions Historical perspective Emphasis on objectivity and verifiability Emphasis on precision Primary focus is on companywide reports Must follow GAAP / IFRS and prescribed formats Mandatory for external reports Managerial Accounting Managers who plan for and control an organization Future emphasis Emphasis on relevance Emphasis on timeliness Focus on segment reports Not bound by GAAP / IFRS or any prescribed format Not Mandatory Activities of Managerial Accounting Planning Controlling Decision Making Activities of Managerial Accounting O Managerial accounting helps managers perform three vital activities – planning, controlling and decision making.

Planning  involves establishing and specifying goals how to achieve them. involves gathering  to ensure Controlling feedback that the plan is being properly executed or modified as circumstances change. Decision making  involves selecting a course of action from competing alternatives. Forward-looking Perspective • Budgeting systems turn managers’ perspectives forward. A forward-looking perspective enables  gaps managers to be in a better position to exploit.

It also enables them to anticipate  and take steps risks to eliminate or reduce their severity. Forward Looking Perspective Practical example: Failure to anticipate problems Phil Harrison, President of Sony Computer Entertainment FORCED TO STEP DOWN Forward Looking Perspective Practical example: Ability to exploit opportunities HUGE PROFITS “Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the present .

Marketing and Nestle Delicious Jam essay help services: essay help services

Our marketing project is about launching a new product which is Nestle Delicious Jam, bring happiness in life. Nestle is not producing jam currently. So we will introduce this product 1st time in market. The marketing plan for this purpose consists of many strategies that we will use. We will compete the market because our product will offer a unique combination of features e. g. different flavors, bottle design, nutrients etc at a value added price. Its target market will include all people but specially the children. It will be available in all possible flavors and reasonable price will be offer for Nestle Delicious Jam.

The product life cycle will start from the maturity stage by providing more values in beginning. We will use corporate vertical marketing system for Nestle Delicious Jam. HISTORY 1866-1905 In the 1860s Henri Nestle, a pharmacist developed a food for babies who were unable to breastfeed. His first success was a premature infant who could not tolerate his mother’s milk or any of the usual substitutes. People quickly recognized the value of the new product, after Nestle’s new formula saved the child’s life, and soon, Farine Lactee Henri Nestle was being sold in much of Europe.

In 1905 Nestle merged with the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company. By the early 1900s, the company was operating factories in the United States, Britain, Germany and Spain. World War I created new demand for dairy products in the form of government contracts. By the end of the war, Nestle’s production had more than doubled. 1918-1938 After the war Government contracts dried up and consumers switched back to fresh milk. However, Nestle’s management responded quickly, streamlining operations and reducing debt.

The 1920s saw Nestle’s first expansion into new products, with chocolate the Company’s second most important activity. 1938-1944 Nestle felt the effects of World War II immediately. Profits dropped from $20 million in 1938 to $6 million in 1939. Factories were established in developing countries, particularly Latin America. Ironically, the war helped with the introduction of the Company’s newest product, Nescafe, which was a staple drink of the US military. Nestle’s production and sales rose in the wartime economy. 1944-1975

The end of World War II was the beginning of a dynamic phase for Nestle. Growth accelerated and companies were acquired. In 1947 came the merger with Maggi seasonings and soups. Crosse & Blackwell followed in 1960, as did Findus (1963), Libby’s (1971) and Stouffer’s (1973). Diversification came with a shareholding in L’Oreal in 1974. 1975-1981 Nestle’s growth in the developing world partially offset a slowdown in the Company’s traditional markets. Nestle made its second venture outside the food industry by acquiring Alcon Laboratories Inc. 1981-1995

Nestle divested a number of businesses1980 / 1984. In 1984, Nestle’s improved bottom line allowed the Company to launch a new round of acquisitions, the most important being American food giant Carnation. 1996-2002 The first half of the 1990s proved to be favorable for Nestle: trade barriers crumbled and world markets developed into more or less integrated trading areas. Since 1996, there have been acquisitions including San Pellegrino (1997), Spillers Petfoods (1998) and Ralston Purina (2002).

There were two major acquisitions in North America, both in 2002: in July, Nestle merged its U.S. ice cream business into Dreyer’s, and in August, a USD 2. 6bn acquisition was announced of Chef America, Inc. 2003 + The year 2003 started well with the acquisition of Movenpick Ice Cream, enhancing Nestle’s position as one of the world market leaders in this product category. In 2006, Jenny Craig and Uncle Toby’s were added to the Nestle portfolio and 2007 saw Novartis Medical Nutrition, Gerber and Henniez join the Company MISSION STATEMENT Nestle is not only Switzerland’s largest industrial company, but it is also the World’s Largest Food Company.

The mission statement emphasizes on the fact that Nestle products are available in nearly every country around the world. Wherever one may live, only Nestle can provide the best and most reliable food and beverage products to meet his/her needs throughout the day, throughout the life. Especially, people on the move want to be able to find good food wherever they are, whatever the time of day. They are often reassured that they will find well-known brands out of home. This statement also reflects the image of high quality products that Nestle offers.

Nestle has the advantage that it offers caterers, fast food chains and other restaurants a complete range of high quality ingredients, base products and meal components, as well as leading consumer brands such as Nescafe. Quality is the cornerstone of the success of the Nestle Company. Everyday, millions of people all over the world show their trust in the company by choosing Nestle products. This trust comes from a quality image that has been built up for over a century. Therefore, the quality of the products ultimately enhances the quality of the consumer’s life.

In addition, the mission statement declares that Nestle has the ability to anticipate “…consumer’s needs and create solutions…. ” Nestle has proven this ability a number of times by introducing new products that were required by consumers. NESTLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVES ? Nestle’s business objective is to manufacture and market the Company’s products in such a way as to create value that can be sustained over the long term for shareholders, employees, consumers, and business partners. ? Nestle does not favor short-term profit at the expense of successful long-term business development.

Nestle recognizes that its consumers have a sincere and legitimate interest in the behavior, beliefs and actions of the Company behind brands in which they place their trust and that without its consumers the Company would not exist. So the needs & wants of consumers should be considered. ? Nestle believes that, as a general rule, legislation is the most effective safeguard of responsible conduct, although in certain areas, additional guidance to staff in the form of voluntary business principles is beneficial in order to ensure that the highest standards are met throughout the organization.

Nestle is conscious of the fact that the success of a corporation is a reflection of the professionalism, conduct and the responsible attitude of its management and employees. Therefore recruitment of the right people and ongoing training and development are crucial. ? Nestle continues to maintain its commitment to follow and respect all applicable local laws in each of its markets. NESTLE PRODUCTS Nestle is a well-known company all over the world and Pakistan. The company basically deals in food products as their logo says “Good Food, Good Life. ” Their major products lines are: MILK PRODUCTS 1) NESTLE MILKPAK UHT MILK

This product was launched in 1981. Backed by a very strong brand name, aggressive marketing and distribution plan, consistent quality, and availability throughout the year, it has become quality milk. In September 1999, Milk Pak UHT milk was launched as Nestle Milk Pak UHT milk. It is available in 1000, 500 and 250 ml sizes. 1) MILKPAK BUTTER This product was launched in 1985 under the Milk Pak brand name. It has been recently repackaged in a crisp white laminate, the design of which bears closed resemblance to that of Milkpak UHT milk. This new package design allows gaining strength from Nestle Milkpak UHT milk.

It is available in 200 and 100 gm sizes. 2) MILKPAK UHT CREAM This product was launched in 1986 under Milkpak brand name. It is available in 200 ml size. 3) MILKPAK DESI GHEE This product was launched in 1986. It is available in 1000 ml size and is leading branded desi ghee in the country. 4) NESTLE EVERYDAY To meet the requirements of the tea-whitening segment, this product was launched in 1992. On account of aggressive marketing, focused distribution, excellent consumer acceptance and product quality, this brand has shown strong growth and holds good promise for the future. 5) NESTLE NIDO

Soon after it was introduced in the early 70`s as an imported product, Nido full cream milk powder became the market leader. Local manufacturing of Nido began in 1990, which has reinforced its position as the dominant player in the full cream milk powder category. CHOCOLATE DRINKS 1) MILOPOWDER This product was launched in 1994. It is available in 14,100 and 200 gm sizes. It is strongly associated with a healthy life style and is an ideal drink for growing children who need strength and energy. 2) MILO RTD To cater for consumer convenience, Milo RTD (ready to drink) was launched in 1995 and is now available in an attractive 180 ml slim pack.

It is popular among all age groups especially among the growing segment of nutrition conscious consumers. It is an excellent substitute for cold drinks. COFFEE 1) NESCAFE CLASSIC It is one of the world’s most popular coffee brands. Nescafe global campaign “open up” was launched in Pakistan in October, introducing a new brand framework and increased emphasis behind coffee sales in Pakistan. Nestle Milkpak locally packs imported coffee and markets it in 225 and 500gm. FRUIT DRINKS 1) FROST It is a well-known brand launched in 1986 and has the largest market share.

Positioned as a cold drink and an alternate to cola drinks, its strength lies in the convenience attached to its usage. 2) NESTLE ORANGE JUICE The product was launched in July 1996. It is available in 180ml and1litre sizes. In a market that is becoming increasingly conscious about nutrition and is displaying preference for healthy drinks, Nestle Orange Juice has made very good inroads and has a strong potential in the future. DIETETIC & INFANT PRODUCTS 1) LACTOGEN Lactogen 1 and Lactogen 2 are infant and follow-up formulae launched in 1991 and are available in two sizes both pack and can.

The brands provide both affordability and quality. 2) CEREALS Launched in 1989, it is the dominant player in the growing infant food market. It is available in 5 flavors and provides balanced nutrition to infants. 3) NESTLE RICE An affordable starter weaning cereal and offers the flexibility of preparation with a variety of meals. This was launched in 1994 and available in125ml pack size. 4) NESTLE WHEAT Nestle wheat is a wheat-based infant cereal without milk. It is available in 125 and 200 gm pack sizes. 5) NESLAC Neslac is a growing up milk, formulated specially for 1 to 4 years old. This was launched in 1994.

It contains a right balance of proteins, calcium, iron, vitamins and essential minerals in order to cater nutritional needs of growing children. CULINARY PRODUCTS 1) MAGGI 2-MINUTE NOODLES Fast to cook, good to eat – Maggi 2-Minutes Noodles were launched with local production in 1992, and doing so Nestle pioneered the category of instant noodles in Pakistan. It offers flavors like chicken masala, chili and chatkhara. 2) MAGGI COLD SAUCES Nestle entered the Cold Sauces category early in the year with the launch of Maggi ketchup, Maggi mirch maza and Maggi khatti meethi – the first Emily sauces in Pakistan.

The innovative taste of Khatti meethi together with the more traditional tastes of Ketchup and Mirch maza, were received well by the consumers. CONFECTIONERY In view of the impressive potential for confectionery sales in the country, Nestle Milkpak established an independent sales and distribution network for confectionery products. From three main cities in 1996, it has grown into a nation-wide network. The initial product range includes locally produced Polo Mint, Kitkat, Smarties, Lion Bar, and Fox’s, Allen’s Toffo and Allen’s Soothers.

Both Toffo and Soothers are produced on a new confectionery line-based on a new state-of-the-art technology that provides an extremely flexible process for production of wide range of high and low boiled candies. This will enable the company to introduce varieties of new sweet flavors over the next few years. WATER The launch of Nestle Pure Life in December 1998 was a truly historic event. This marks the Nestle Pure Life’s entry into the country’s fast growing water market. At the same time Pakistan became the first country where Nestle launched the new brand.

Nestle Pure Life is a premium drinking water, produced to the highest standards of safety and purity. It is ideally balanced with essential minerals. It is available in two convenient sizes of 0. 5 and 1. 0 liters. Capitalizing on its strong brand recognition, aggressive pricing and supported by a strong marketing campaign, Nestle Pure Life has made very strong inroads into the water market in Pakistan. Nestle PURE LIFE is available around the globe today in Canada, USA, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Turkey, Russia, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, China, Thailand, and the Philippines.

Launched on the North American market in 2003, Nestle PURE LIFE is destined to become the world’s leading and most widely distributed brand by 2010. CUSTOMER ORIENTATION Nestle is the customer oriented company from its foundation to till now. In 1866 it introduced the food for babies who were unable to breastfeed, and this formula saved the lives of many children. Due to the customer’s realization over the company, Nestle’s production and sales rose in the wartime economy. The quality of the products ultimately enhances the quality of the consumer’s life.

In addition, Nestle has the ability to anticipate “…consumer’s needs and create solutions…. ” Nestle has proven this ability a number of times by introducing new products that were required by consumers. Nestle is one of the few companies to have an information system that commits the company to respond to information requested. MARKETING ENVIRONMENT [pic] NESTLE’S MICROENVIRONMENT 1) SUPPLIERS ? Nestle is a corporate member of the National Minority Supplier Development Council. ? It has established the relationship with many suppliers. They don’t have any specific suppliers.

Moreover it includes different and a large number of suppliers for obtaining raw materials. CUSTOMERS Consumer markets are important for all organizations by marketing perspective but for Nestle it is too important because ? It is related to food and beverage industry. ? Worldwide consumer markets ? Consumed in the 85 countries of the world ? Not only large but also dynamic ? Completely focusing on changing behavior ? Fictitious product will also have a consumer market 2) COMPETITORS Every company tries to provide greater value and satisfaction than its competitor do.

Following are the main competitors of the Nestle Company – ? Mitchell’s ? Shezan ? Rafhan ? National etc Threats of competition come from external environment. To improve its Competitive position Nestle has made joint ventures with its competitors. NESTLE’S MACRO ENVIRONMENT a) SOCIAL & CULTURAL FORCES ? Nestle uses recognized safe raw materials and processes them with minimal energy input. ? An eco-friendly device is the use of perforations around labels to make them easy to remove. ? For advertising and sales promotions, it tries to reduce waste in the POP advertising materials.

The raw material that nestle use in their products is according to our society and Islamic culture. TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ? Currently nestle is using high technology and machinery which is one of the key to success for the Nestle. It gives them the competitive advantage. ? Nestle uses better technology and machinery, it gives the customers the healthy and clean environment so the consumers buy their products more and they gain profit. With technological environment there is no wastage of time ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT Currently Nestle is at prosperity stage of Business Cycle.

The major economic factor which can affect the sale of Nestle products in Pakistan is inflation. POLITICAL & LEGAL FORCES ? Nestle supports appropriate voluntary initiatives designed to protect the environment. ? Nestle promotes balanced environmental laws and regulations & opposes unjustified prohibitions and other discriminatory measures. b) DEMOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT ? Nestle products are for everyone and for all group of people. ? These products are usable by all categories of people, having different ages but especially children MARKETING OFFERING We are making a marketing plan of Nestle Delicious Jam.

The launch of Nestle Delicious JAM in Pakistan will provide the customer with the best jam full of nutrients. In Pakistan, the launching of delicious and appetizing JAM with the brand name of Nestle will generate huge revenue. EFFECT OF EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ON NESTLE DELICIOUS JAM ? In short, factors of macro environment affect microenvironment. The major problem that may affect can be economic environment that includes inflation in Pakistan which is increasing day by day. Due to this, there is rise in price level. It can have an impact on the customer’s purchasing decision.

The other problems may be poverty, unemployment, deficit, economic instabilities. ? Government has their specific rules and regulations. E. g. every product has retail price+ tax. When the new govt. changes its tax policy, the company also changes their rules. MARKETING RESEARCH AND MARKETING INFORMATION At Nestle, we believe that research can help us make better food so that people live a better life. The role of the Nestle Research Center, is to help fulfill Nestle’s vision of making good food central to enjoying a good healthy life for consumers everywhere.

Different marketing programs are initiated and planned for every product of Nestle. With the Blend of primary data and secondary data Nestle formulates strategies for every product, and also for every country of the world. Nestle use three basic methods for obtaining the primary data. ? Observation ? Experiment ? Survey OBSERVATION Nestle observes the attitudes, lifestyles and behaviors of the people residing in every different country of the world. Nestle also observes the major changes in the socioculture environment and hit the target through Nestle products which are needed to be present in the market. EXPERIMENT

As Nestle spends huge amount of money on research in Lab experiments in order to produce and provide better taste products in the market. Nestle do the experiments in order to clearly determine the better tastes and other ingredients and nutrition’s of its products. And emphasis on the Lab experiments ? Nestle keeps on investing in Research and more than 3000 people around the world work to improve, find, and discover food that is better for all of consumers so that consumers can live a better life. ? Nestle always keeps an eye on its competitors and basically greatly rely on competitive intelligence SURVEY

Nestle also conduct surveys for better understanding of the consumer behavior, and stay up to mark according to the desires of the consumers which help in better planning and implementation of marketing mix as per required by the domestic and international market. So here for our new fictitious product we used this method for obtaining the primary data. In this way we came to know about the point of view and acceptance related to our product in the minds of people.

There will be no demographic segmentation for Nestle Delicious Jam. If we look Nestle Jam demographic segmentation, then we will find that our product will be for everyone. People from any area, any culture, any age, any sex, any belief and any income will purchase our Nestle Jam. It is not any luxury item which will be used by a specific people. TARGET MARGET The target market will be up to 60 years of age and the core target will be between 10-30 years of age. A specific demographic target market will not be chosen for Nestle Jam; instead the goal is to develop a product to be used by consumers of all ages – from babies to seniors.

It will be intended as a family product especially for families who work and have a short time for making meal or breakfast. VALUE PROPOSITION Nestle will use some competitive advantages or important attributes which will help in occupying a good position in consumer’s mind relative to competing jams. These competitive advantages are as follow 1) CUSTOMER ORIENTED Customer satisfaction is the focal point for the company. They will provide the hygienic products to their customers. Products will be verified by health and safety measures and international quality standards.

Its will provide different flavor to the customers and different offers which will the Nestle jam a competitive advantage. 2) NESTLE LOGO & FAMILY BRAND Jam will use Nestle brand name and the logo of Nestle Delicious Jam which will show family care to consumer which is enough to attract the customer. That’s why customer will give it preference on other products. 3) COMMUNICABLE Nestle Delicious Jam will be a brand of Nestle which will show a big sign of quality to customers. Due to its brand and name it will be very easy to communicate. CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR

Consumer behavior towards the Nestle Jam could be in terms of the choice among the flavors. Some customers would choose the one fruit flavor, while some customers would like the flavor of two fruits. ? Consumers could be loyal towards their favorite flavors and could have preference of one flavor of jam on the other flavor. ? Consumers would buy the Nestle Jam keeping in mind the quality and cost of the jam relative to those of competing products. The consumer behavior will be more satisfactory towards the jam if the taste and quality of the jam matches the consumers’ expectations. CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT

Nestle jams will build profitable customer relationship by providing them best taste best health at very best price. We are going to produce a jam with number of important vitamins, iron, nutrition and lot and lots of health and taste. We are going to give best flavors which no one provides. We use good food colors so in short we give them value and satisfactions to build a profitable customer relationship by letting them feel ‘we care’. STRATEGY FOR CAPTURING VALUES Our philosophy and strategy to capture values will be to | |Win consumers’ trust. | | |Understand consumers’ nutritional and emotional preferences.

Serving our consumers and improving their quality of life. | | |Giving them value satisfaction and healthy nutrition. | | |Change our product according to need of customer. | | |Our strategy starts and ends with the consumer. | Consumer Relationship Marketing lies at the heart of Nestle Consumer Services. We will strive to build a long-term, sustainable relationship of trust and loyalty. We will develop our products based on consumer tastes and preferences, we will get profit and it will generate our capital. 4P’s OF MARKETING MIX PRODUCT PRODUCT LINE Nestle jam would include in confectionaries.

It is provided in different flavors. These flavors include mango, orange, plum, rose, apple, mix fruit, apple orange, and mango orange. PACKAGING Nestle will design and produce the jam bottles and the wrappers by keeping focus on the following purposes: ? To contain and protect the food products. ? For the attractiveness of the product using packing of the product as a tool. ? As nestle is relevant to food products which are highly perishable so packaging focuses on storage and convenience. ? Its packaging will be reusable by the customers. E. g. nestle bottles obtained from bottled jam.

Packaging will be made more impressive especially by increasing the volume of bottles. LABELING ? Nestle labeling will focus on persuasiveness. ? Nestle will not give any expressed warranty on its daily usable Jam as it gives on medical products ? Nestle Delicious Jam’s label will give all information about their product like ingredients which will be used in it and all instructions regarding product. ? Retail price will also be shown on its label BRAND Nestle products use the brand name Nestle. The customer who come to purchase nestle products, the name of this brand affects positively in the mind of consumer.

They prefer Nestle jam to other brands. 1) BRAND MARK As Nestle is a company purely related to food industry and it uses the symbol that includes three sparrows in nest. 2) TRADE MARK No other company will be able to use the name Nestle for himself because Nestle has been registered as a trade mark. BRANDING STRATEGY OF NESTLE JAM Nestle brand name will present a message of caring which make it distinctive and attractive than other companies. Delicious Jam’s brand is good food for good life. The message of family protection will be enough to get the attraction of customer.

The Nestle’s brand name is easy to understand & translate. It is easy to pronounce and it is also easy to recognize. We will use the same brand mark for our new product that is three sparrows in nests PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE OF JAMS If we look at jams in product life cycle then it is easy to judge that they are at maturity stage. Because jam market has become the pioneer market and at this stage its profit is positive and sales do not decrease because jams companies reinvent their products in terms of packaging, labeling, and vitamins and continue to add values into their products to capture values from customers.

There exists high competition among jams companies so they need high distribution and promotion expenses. [pic] PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE OF NESTLE JAM Nestle jam will start from the introduction stage. Nestle jam will be the market pioneer and at this stage its profit will be negative or low due to low sale and high distribution and promotion expenses. Other major reason to be at introduction stage may be unawareness in rural and urban areas. The people will not be aware of the nestle jam, that’s why their sale may be low.

To increase their sale they will continue to bring changes in product life cycle by effective promotion and by formulating new price strategies etc. so it will have a long maturity period. PRICE ? In setting the price of product, the company will follow four steps procedure as given below ? Company will establish its objectives (Survival, max. supposed profit, revenue, sale growth etc) ? Company will determine the demand schedule which will show the probable quantity purchased per period at alternative price ?

Company will estimate how their costs will vary at different output levels. ? Company will examine the competitor’s price PRICING STRATEGY MARKETING SKIMMING & PENETRATION PRICING This strategy is used in any company when it launched a new product. And it offers a high price for new product to skim maximum earning more profit and revenue and in this way company makes fewer but more profitable sales. While other pricing is used by those company which is non branding and need to increase market share, to capture value from customer, to attract customer when they launched new product in market.

In our case we will use penetration pricing strategy to capture value from customer, to attract them and to increase our share because there is a lot of brand present in market whose product of jam is bought by people in large amount like national, Michal n Shezan and they already have capture market share in large amount BY PRODUCT We will use by product pricing strategy for nestle with the penetration. We will offer kitkat to our customers in introduction phase, because we are more focusing on children and in this way we can easily attract people for our nestle jam. PRICING OBJECTIVES

The objectives for pricing nestle jam are as follows: ? To achieve a target return ? To maximize profit ? Stabilize prices to meet competition ? Market share Leadership ? Product Quality Leadership FACTORS AFFECTING THE PRICE OF NESTLE JAMS The following are the some factors that may affect the price of Nestle Jams ? Expensive technology ? Miserable condition of transportation and roads ? The unstable politicians, which can have positive and negative effect on the price ? The labor cost is low in Pakistan as compare to the others ? Advertisement cost ? Increase in taxes that may affect the price of product

PLACE As far as the distribution is concerned, NESTLE will make segmentation with respect demographic and geographic basis. The distribution network needs to be more extended; NESTLE will hire more potential distributors for the distribution of NESTLE Delicious Jam in several parts of the country so that their product will reach to every corner of the country. RETAILING Retailers plays a very important role in the sale of nestle products. Nestle does not directly its products to the end consumers. Nestle has different retailers at different levels. RETAILERS CLASSIFIED BY MARKETING STRATEGIES

Mostly nestle delicious jam will be sold on the department stores. Because these stores sell the Nestle’s products in a large quantity. 2) SUPERMARKETS Nestle will sell its fictitious product on the supermarkets. 3) CONVENIENCE STORES To facilitate the consumer nestle will selling Delicious jam by the convenience stores. A very large portion of the sale can be sold on convenience stores. CHANNEL OF DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS Nestle do not sell the product directly. It sells its products by indirect distribution channel. [pic] VERTICAL MARKETING SYSTEM

Nestle uses corporate vertical marketing system. MULTIPLE DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS Nestle adopts multiple distribution channels due to Size of the buyers. We would also use the same distribution channels for our fictitious product that the Nestle company is recently using e. g. ; Indirect distribution channel, Vertical marketing system, Multiple distribution channels. PROMOTION Thus company will hire, train and motivate sales people. It will set up communication and promotion programs consisting of advertising, direct marketing, sales promotion and public relation as mentioned below.

Dawn, Nawa-e-Waqat, Jung and in some journals for promotional purposes. It will advertise on electronic media & Broad cast media e. g. TV, Radio which will be more attractive as compare to the advertisement of competitor product and Nestle will also use billboards and printed ads for retailers, moreover the company has got a website on which is Nestle will provide special offers to the distributors. When they lunched new juice brand, they offer buy one pack and get one free to distributors. Nestle can use the same strategy for Nestle Delicious Jam. They will offer free trial of the newly introducing jam to the general public. PROMOTION MIX STRATEGY

In consumer products the management of Nestle believes in pull strategy i. e. creating pull through advertising. So we will use the pull strategy to promote the sale of Nestle Delicious Jam through media. STRATEGIC PLANNING BCG MATRIX FOR CURRENTLY PRODUCING SBU’S STARS The two Sbu’s, Mineral water and Confectioneries fall into this category of the BCG. These SBU’s have high market share and high industry growth rate. These Sbu’s are requiring lots of investment to compete in the growing market. For example, lots of money is being spent and aggressive marketing strategies have been implemented for the Mineral water to build and maintain market share.

Nestle Pure Life has captured 50 % of the bottled-water market in Pakistan since it was introduced in 1998. Its approximate sales for 1999 are RS. 70, 401000. This sales figure is quite impressive as the sales rose quite high in only one year. It is predicted that there will be additional growth in the mineral water category in coming years. The sales of the confectioneries rose to RS. 106,559 000 from RS. 87,758 000. The huge increase of RS. 18, 801 000 puts this SBU in the stars category and shows its increasing market share. There is a growing market for the products in confectioneries for example Kitkat (eventhough it’s imported), Polo Smarties etc.

This can be proven from the fact that Nestle keeps introducing new products in this category for example Allen’s Soothers were launched during the last quarter of 1998. CASHCOWS Milk products, Coffee and Dietetic and Infant food have a high market share and are doing business in mature industries. Since the customers of this product category are loyal, the marketing costs of these SBU’s is quite low and as a result a large amount of cash can be generated. Customer Loyalty is a must for these Cash cows to maintain their market share. The sales of the Milk products have increased to RS. 108,430000 from RS. 87,758000. This huge increase in sales reflects the high market share of this SBU.

However, its growth rate is low because in general this category is in its maturity stage – that is – a number of milk products have been launched by Nestle, most of which are quite old. An innovation has not really been made in this category. The same conclusion can be made about Coffee. There is an already existing market for Coffee which is not increasing further by a large amount. The sales of Coffee were Rs. 46,89 000 in 1999 and Rs. 392,00 000 in 1998. This huge difference shows that a great amount of cash is being generated from this SBU. Sales of Dietetic and Infant food rose to Rs. 60,935 000 from Rs. 52,655 000. The infant foods unit of Nestle is operating in a mature industry.

Like the milk products, the infant foods have been around for a long time without barely any new product line being started in this category. QUESTION MARKS Included in this section are the culinary products of the organization. The products such as Maggi 2-minute Noodles and Maggi cold sauces have a low market share and a high growth rate. These products especially the cold sauces are operating in a highly competitive market. The approximate sales were Rs. 79,919 000 in 1999 and Rs. 60,818 000 in 1998. This figure represents a great potential for growth in future. However, in contrast, the market share of the products in this category is not very high currently. A reason for this is that Nestle just recently introduced cold sauces such as “Emily sauce” etc.

However the enthusiasm, with which the customers received the different flavors of sauces, portrays a very high potential for future growth. The firm needs to focus on differentiating its products in the competitive market to gain customers. DOGS Chocolate and Fruit drinks fall into this category and they possess a low market share and a low growth rate. Chocolate drinks had sales of Rs. 19639000 in 1999, which rose from Rs. 19541000 in 1998. This is quite a small increase considering the rise in the sales of other SBU’s. However, the chocolate drinks are still profitable so the firm does not have to worry about liquidating or getting rid of this SBU.

The sales of Fruit drinks rose to Rs. 40,620 000 in 1999 from Rs. 38,103 000 in 1998. There has been a small amount of increase; however it is not a lot compared to other SBU’s. Firstly, there is not a huge market for chocolate drinks in Pakistan. People usually tend to buy light juices like apple or orange juice or Pepsi instead of chocolate drinks. Secondly, regarding the fruit juices, there are not a lot of flavors available currently in this category. Nestle needs to introduce new flavors such as apple, grape etc. to capture the market that prefer these flavors. This will not only increase the sales of the SBU, but it will also increase its market share.

At the moment, additional amount of money is not being invested in these SBU’s, as they are not very profitable. Nestle is currently trying to maximize profits from this category by minimizing expenditures and by differentiating the product to build market share. BOSTON CONSULTING GROUP (BCG) MATRIX FOR DELICIOUS JAM It will lay in question mark because it may be possible that many people will not be aware of this newly made product which will show the low sale of this product in starting. So it may have low growth in beginning period. Different strategies will be made for the promotion of this product and the firm will focus on differentiating its products in the competitive market to gain customers.

The introduction of new variety in terms of features, packaging, labeling and flavor may lead to the high future growth rate. In the start the market share would be low and after penetration it will increase its share in market. DEVELOPING STRATEGY FOR GROWTH AND DOWNSIZING From the matrix of Market Expansion Grid, for the company growth, the strategy of diversification will be applied for the Nestle Jam because the company is starting up with the product outside the company’s current products and markets. SWOT ANALYSIS OF NESTLE JAM STRENGTHS ? The only brand in the area maintaining its quality and taste and having the same impact on its customer ? Economical ? Delicious jam in market with many flavors

Concentrating on distributing areas will increase sales ? Increase in product line by offering different flavors. THREATS ? Sharing of segments by the competitors RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI) ? A Nestle Company can assess the return on investment in terms of standard marketing performance measures, such as brand awareness and sales or market shares of the Nestle Jam. ? Nestle Jam will use sales and share data to evaluate specific advertisement campaigns which will depict real-life scenarios of consumers using different flavored jams.

Nestle will use customer-centered measures of marketing, such as customer acquisition, customer retention and customer lifetime value that will produce returns in the form of more profitable customer relationships. ? Moreover, the marketing investments could result in improved customer value and satisfaction, which, in turn, will increase customer attraction and retention. This will increase individual customer lifetime values and the company’s overall customer equity. Increased customer equity, in relation to the cost of the marketing investments, will determine the return on marketing investments. MARKET IMPLEMENTATION During the manufacturing of the product we would go for its advertising. We would distribute broachers to create awareness. Then we would hire some sign board in different major cities of Pakistan.

And at the same time we would go for TV and radio commercials. In all this process our main focus would be on TV commercials and sign boards because now a day these are the most popular things among the consumers. CONCLUSION ? Nestle is one of the latest and pioneer food producing company in Pakistan ? The company is performing very well for the financial point of view so it will spend a huge amount on the promotion of Nestle Delicious Jam ? It is leader in food goods in Pakistan. It will provide best quality of food ? It pays a huge amount annually in the form of taxes to the government of Pakistan ? Company’s distribution channels are very effective.

The Global Pharmaceutical Industry scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

The case describes the evolution of the pharmaceutical industry and its strategic environment. Attention is drawn to environmental pressures from regulators and payers. Key forces driving the industry are discussed, including addressing unmet medical needs, the importance of innovation and time to market, and globalisation. The case illustrates how an increasingly hostile environment, combined with a decline in R&D productivity, led to waves of job losses, and sparked a fresh round of consolidation.

On the global level, the historical supremacy of the US was challenged with the highest market growth rates recorded in the emerging markets. Q1. Identify the main environmental forces currently affecting the global pharmaceutical industry. It is expected that all aspects of the PESTEL analysis will be addressed. Illustrative points are given here, but this is by no means exhaustive. Political – Government’s focus on the industry as an easy target in the drive to reduce healthcare expenditure; public outcry over safely alerts and international price comparisons; and public pressure to fund cancer medicines.

Economic – Pharmaceutical sales correlate closely with GDP – flattening in established markets and growth in emerging markets; the rise in the power of payers as decision-makers; in some countries patients are paying a greater proportion of drug costs themselves leading to increased linkage of sales and income levels; availability of venture and depth finance to support biotech innovation.

Social – Aging population drive not only increases in healthcare costs but also increases in demand for medicines; pressure to act ethically rather than purely following profit; the number of better-informed patients with rising expectations; continued global convergence in medical practice and public acceptance of new technologies such as stem cells and genetic testing. Technological – Scientific and medical innovation; impact of information technology such as more well-informed patients and e-prescribing; shift towards more personalised healthcare. Environmental – Emphasis on sustainability by investors and employees.

Legal – Increased regulatory focus on drug safety, industry sales and marketing practices; growth in liability claims particularly in the US. A key trend that students should highlight is the increased emphasis on cost-containment and value-for-money. Q2. Apply the Five-Forces framework and identify the importance of different environments forces affecting the global pharmaceutical industry. Students are expected to address all aspects of a five forces analysis, and discuss how these forces have changed over time. Illustrative points are given here, but this is by no means exhaustive.

Threat of new entrants – The industry has historically had high barriers to entry, but these are dramatically lowered at patent expiry with generic entrants. Generic companies such as Teva and Dr Reddy’s are emerging as major global players with ambitions in the innovative sector. A greater focus on premium priced niche products for high unmet disease could facilitate entry by biotech companies. Power of buyers – Historically, buyers were highly fragmented medical practitioners, but now buying power is increasingly concentrated in a small number of payers with a major impact on market dynamics.

Power of substitutes – Increased emphasis on generics being ‘good enough’ for common conditions and shrinking use of branded innovative drugs. Bio-similars will substitute for high priced biologics. Power of suppliers – Historically low, but declining R&D productivity has increased the price tag on truly breakthrough licensing and acquisition opportunities. Competitive rivalry – Revelry within specific product classes has always been intense, and can be leveraged by payers to force competition on price; and increasing industry consolidation.

It is important to acknowledge that the generic, OTC and vaccine sector are relatively mature, and the ethical pharmaceutical sector is arguably heading from growth towards shake-out, while the biotech sector is still under developed. Q3. Try to identify the strategic groups within the global ethical pharmaceutical industry? Describe the strategic choices made by Pfizer from 2008 onwards and comment on what may have been the drivers behind these choices. Based on the case, five broad types of industry players can be identified: ethical, generic, biotech, OTC and vaccine companies.

Each requires very different strategic capabilities. Producers of branded prescription drugs require strong R&D and global sales and marketing infrastructure. Generics companies focus on speed to market and manufacturing cost leadership. Biotech companies must create and defend intellectual property in specialised research fields, attract funding and make successful deals. Branded OTC drugs demand direct-to-consumer marketing capability. Many manufacturing companies operate in more than one of these sectors, and a strategic grouping can also be made on the basis of diversification versus focus.

Highly diversified companies such as Johnson&Johnson or Abbott also encompass completely different sectors such as consumer brands, medical devices or vetinerary products. Other leading companies are more narrowly diversified across conventional medicines, biologicals, vaccines and in some cases generics. The example of Pfizer illustrates the shift from a focus purely on conventional medicines to a wider strategy with the acquisition on Wyeth bringing a presence in biologics, vaccines and consumer health. A key driver here has been to reduce the reliance on a single blockbuster and establish a more stable, broad-based business.

Edward Scissorhands college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

As this is seen in Edward, the creation of a skilled inventor, intertextuality is evident. There is a resemblance to Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein as human beings cannot recreate life to substitute the factor of God and expect it to thrive. Since Edward is an unfinished creation, he is considered an outlier in the normal society.

Burton shows this archetype of inconformity through the juxtaposition of good versus evil, technical tactics of mise-en-scene, and the violations of the dark romanticism conventions to introduce the moral of appearance versus reality. Edward is a very humble and polite human being yet he is detached from the real world. As a result of being concealed in his gothic mansion for so long, he yearns for acceptance in the quaint suburban town. As Peg, an Avon sales woman is going door to door trying to sell her cosmetics, she is shut down by everyone in the neighborhood.

As a last resort, she looks through her side view mirror and sees the great, gothic mansion behind her (Source I). This is a contrast of light versus dark, or good versus evil. This archetype is also in Source P, when Peg walks into the mansion, almost angel-like as the light shines on her in the middle of the darkness (Devine). Peg is willing to give Edward everything to feel accepted into the neighborhood. It is best illustrated in Source L, as Peg is applying concealer to conceal the scars on Edward’s face. The scars represent his rocky past of his creator’s tragic death before his completion of having hands.

Hands are a motif throughout the film as metaphor for Edward’s incompletion (Sampson). This incompletion is seen all through the film as Edward does not belong inside the norms of the stereotypical suburban town (Source D). In this stereotypical town, there are stereotypical people, these people have all conformed to the cookie cutter mold of routines and schedules. This uniformity is juxtaposed by the originality and uniqueness of Edward with his dark, untamed hair with the bright pastel cars, houses, and friendly neighbors.

His juxtaposition against the bright colors enhances his mysterious character, as the neighbors gradually accept him in curiosity. While the curiosity builds, Edward is on the inside looking out, as if he were a caged animal. Burton uses a point-of-view shot to show the audience how things are from the character’s point of view. This is best seen in Source O, Edward is smiling at the new landscape faced in front of him, yet he is still behind the door of the car. The use of mise en scene in this source is to show the audience his gradual immersion into the suburban life as he is driven by Peg.

This is evident by Edwards surroundings, he is “driven” into a town of color. Color use in this scene is very symbolic. Edward is surrounded by bright hues of pastels (Source D), this foreshadows his darkness, which causes great havoc in the neighborhood. The focus on Edward in this scene, the contrast is from the brightly, bubbly background of which he is the dominant figure. Burton creates a dreamlike setting of a perfect suburb with unusually odd characters which conflict and fill the norm of the neighborhood.

This dreamscape is clashed with Edward’s world, coexisting. The lighting is also another factor in what gives the film a running theme of light versus dark. During the day, the lighting is natural, realistic, and bright. This is best illustrated in Source R. While at a barbeque, Edward is placed in front of the barbeque and surrounded by smiles and laughter while behind a bright blue background. This has the town rejoicing with happiness and sanctity, but as the day progresses, more conflicts occur. As the lighting gets darker, so do the actions.

It is seen in Source G as Edward is placed in the middle of the picture, before this scene, Jim, Kim’s boyfriend, was pushed through the window. This shows the evil of which the darkness brings to the image. Edward’s art violates the dark romantic convention due to his uniquely creative hairstyles and charismatic topiaries (Source A and N). The violations begin in the opening credits as heart shaped snowflakes sprinkle the screen. This violation foreshadows the love Edward feels for Peg’s daughter, Kim.

As Peg walks into the gates of the great mansion, she is surprised to see the great topiaries as it is a sign of beauty in Edward’s eyes. Despite Edward’s complete loneliness in the great mansion, he wants company. When Peg brings Edward back to her house, he reminisces what his creator did, making cookies, before he was created (Source E). Edward reminisces often during the beginning of the film, he remembers the lessons which his creator taught him, and the poetry that breaks the dark romantic stereotypes; the dark romantics thrive off of poetry.

Towards the end of the film, Edward is seen cutting ice figures as he creates “snow” which is uncommon in the area of where the Boggs’ live. This pleases Kim very much, and keeps Edward striving to do more of. This is Edward’s way of safely touching Kim without harm (Source T), to give her happiness because it has never snowed before he had arrived. Kim is Edward’s angel, as she accepts him with love and affection. Kim’s love for Edward is evident as it is shown in the beginning and the end of the film when she is telling her granddaughter the story of the snow.

This shows the correlation between the good versus evil and how they intertwine as one while intertextuality is apparent to a Beauty and the Beast type of scenario. In the last scenes of the film, Edward is seen sculpting ice sculptures in his room, creating the snow fall on the underlying neighborhood. The sculptures are a replica of the world around him, as he recreates people and objects of which brought him joy. He creates these sculptures because he believes that they please others and keeps it dear to his heart. These actions all violate the conventions of dark romanticism in the fact that Edward was created with a heart.

Edward portrays both humorous and dark behavior, while the seclusion of being different, give him a chance to experience the social norm. Edward finds love on this experience, which is a rare sight when Beast is looking for a Beauty. He is unable to become permanently conformed or accepted into society, so he is driven out of the suburb and driven back into his mansion. During the entire film, Edward is in and out of transition from evil to good, back to evil; as it is seen in his costume. Edward violates many of the dark romantic conventions throughout the film, as he gives metaphors of church and art.

A Thousand Splendid Suns cbest essay help: cbest essay help

In a culture such as Afghanistan where women are constantly being degraded and treated as property, one can imagine their emotional stability is far from being strong. The women of the novel A Thousand Splendid Suns, are continually faced with a whirlwind of abuse and death and are constantly rejected the emotional support they seek in their times of desperation. Although, in time of war, when physical shelter is vital in their survival, it is emotional shelter that drives the difficult decisions the main characters face and the novels key plot in the heart retching story that shatters the hearts of many readers.

Mariam was a young girl who adored both her mother and her father. Unfortunately, Jalil, Mariams father, was a rich man who did not play a big part in Mariam’s life as a child. Mariam praised her father when he came over with presents for her. Later in the novel, Mariam makes a request to watch a movie in her fathers’ cinema with all her brothers and sisters for her birthday; her fathers’ vow ultimately fails. When her father never shows to pick Mariam up for the movie, Mariam takes matters into her own hands.

Mariam sets on a adventure later that afternoon to not only find her father, but the cold conscience stricken expression of Jalil when he denies his daughter from his mansion. Mariam is not only perturbed by the actions of her father, but seeks comfort from her mother as she is taken back to her home. Within a quick second, her emotions change from puzzled to apprehension as her mother was dangling from a branch, dead. Consequently, not only did Mariam witness her mother dead and her dads embarrassment for her, but also Nana saying “I’ll die if you go, just die.

Now at Mariam’s roughest time in her life, she has nobody to seek emotional shelter to. Mariam is eventually forced to marry Rasheed and moves into a house with an abuser as a husband and still has not overcome the death of Nana. Mariam blames the death and the embarrassment all on herself, which causes her to be an emotional wreck throughout the Mariam finally seeks a small ambit of lightheartedness when she conceives a baby with Rasheed.

Unfortunately, during a fatal happening Mariam lost her baby in a miscarriage. Before the incident, Rasheed showed Mariam fondness and benevolence and was passionate about the newborn being apart of his life. After the abominable occurrence, Rasheed refused to show sorrow for the miscarriage. “I’ve been thinking, that maybe we should have a proper burial. For the baby, I mean. Just us, a few prayers, nothing more. ” (Hosseini, pg. 95) Rasheeds response is not only bitter but also merciless, “What for? It’s Idiotic. ” (Hosseini,

When in the time of tribulation, Rasheeds corrupted behavior quickly resumes after the death of his son, while Mariam suffers trauma of her sons mortality and is still stuck incriminating herself for her unlucky reoccurrences. Mariam, yet again shows to be another example of being abandoned when in need of emotional shelter. After a bomb blows Laila’s house to ruins along with her family, Rasheed found her in an assortment of debris. Laila was still astounded by the circumstance that changed her whole life, “I shouldn’t be here. ” (Hosseini, pg. 203) Rasheed took Laila in to be apart of their family.

When Rasheed thinks that it would ruin their reputation if they had a young girl staying inside their house without being married. Rasheed, proposes to marry Laila. Laila knows that if she does leave the bloodthirsty men that were nothing but a threat, would kill her without second thought. Laila also jumped the gun when Rasheed proposes to her. Laila aspired to have relations with Rasheed soon, considering it would be the only way to mask her pregnancy of Tariq’s baby. Laila was aware of her doings and that it would be inhumane to undertake in such deceitful behavior.

“But even though the baby inside her was no bigger than a Mulberry, Laila already saw the sacrifices a mother had to make. Virtue was only the first. ” (Hosseini, pg. 219) The sacrifices that Laila had to make were tormenting. Rasheed made it clear that Laila was not allowed to leave the house without him nor without a burqa to hide her face. Laila did anything and everything to keep the secret about her baby that was not Rasheeds. Laila had emotional support from Rasheed for only a small amount of time, until the baby was born and his unhappiness was made known.

Earlier in the morning of 1993, Rasheed led Laila out of the house because she was going into labor. Rasheed softly told Laila “Watch your step now, my flower, my gul. ” (Hosseini, Pg. 235) After the birth of the baby, Rasheeds attitude towards Laila did a complete 360. “.. He let the gate go prematurely, it almost hit the girl on the face.. ” (Hosseini, Pg. 235) Laila needed a husband to emotionally support her through the times of a newborn baby; also she needed help, which he failed to provide.

When a financial crisis strikes the family, Rasheed refuses to go out and get a job to maintain a steady income for his wife and children. Laila watched as her son and daughter suffered from starvation before her eyes. “Aziza ribs began to push through the skin…Zalami lay around the house, eyes dulled and half closed, or on his fathers lap, limp as a rag. ” (Hosseini, Pg. 306) Laila is forced to make the decision that her eldest child Aziza will be sent to an orphanage because of their lack of money to support two children.

Laila assures Aziza that it is not an orphanage, but a special school. She makes the promise to Aziza that no matter what she will visit Aziza, “.. I’ll come and see you. I’m your mother. If it kills me, I’ll come and see you. ” (Hosseini, pg. 315) Even though this is shown as an example of physical shelter, Laila is giving up a part of her to ensure that her child will be well fed. Laila and Aziza both seek emotional shelter within eachother. While Laila is back home, Rasheed still abuses her both physically and emotionally.

Aziza begins a life in a place where she is oblivious to her aberrant surroundings. A mother figure is also absent in Aziza childhood years. With the downgrading of women in Afghanistan and the ruthless times women had to endure, Young females were constantly being terrorized by either older or superior male figures. Ultimately, it had Laila and Marium being emotionally and physically defamed, and it caused for women to search for not only physical but emotional shelter in their child or in a close friend like Laila and Marium.

Indian Camp essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax

Ernest Hemingway was born in the quiet town of Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, on July 21, the year of 1899. His father was a physician, and Ernest was the second of six children born to Dr. and Mrs. Clarence E. Hemingway. In the year 1921 Ernest Hemingway wrote the short story Indian Camp. Ernest Hemingway has a very special way of writing. He writes most often in short sentences and with few adjectives. His way of writing allows the reader to think more about what his stories are about and what the meaning with his story is.

Indian Camp is a great example of this. Ernest Hemingway said in his early writing career: “I love reading a book that dazzles me over and over again. ” I think this quote shows us how Ernest Hemingway writes. And in the short history Indian Camp, there are also aspects that challenge the reader, and makes the reader think about it over and over again. Indian Camp is a story that takes place near a beach in media res. The meaning of media res is that is throws the reader directly into the actions of the story without any explanations.

The main character in the story is a boy called Nick, and then there is his father and uncle. Mainly, we are interested in these three characters but also an Indian women and a male Indian. Nick is sweet kid that doesn’t know that much about life. He is likely pretty young and at the beginning of the story he sticks to his father. Nick does not know what it means to be born or to die. But Nick’s father who is doctor, take him to a camp where a pregnant woman has gone into labor.

It’s not just Nick and his father who goes to camp, Nicks uncle George is already in the camp when they arrive. Uncle George is handing out cigars (page 2 line 3) to the Indians and then he helps Nick’s father and the woman to give birth. During the giving birth the Indian woman bites Uncle Georges arm. (page 3 line 34) After the woman has given birth to her baby son, we find a male Indian death inside a hut. He has taken his own life with a razor blade. Nick sees this and then change his character. He begins to ask his father about death and birth.

Nick and his father then takes off again and you can clearly see a change in Nick. Since they arrived in the boat Nick was stuck to his father and on the ride home, he sits by him selve and probably thinking about what he has experienced. The father is upset that his son has seen what he saw and his regrets that he brought Nick with him. Uncle George stayed in the camp with the Indians. The story ends with Nick got his horizons extended about life and death, but still the story ends with his guts telling him that he will never die.

I have chosen to look at the story in the way that I think Uncle George knows the Indians more than what we are told by Hemingway. I think that Uncle George is the father of the baby being born and that is why the male Indian commits suicide. He is embarrassed by the situation that his wife or girlfriend has been with a caucasian man. This is also why Uncle George hands out, cigars to the Indians. It’s a traditon in the United States to hand out cigars when you are expecting a child. The story follows a chronological way of being told.

A curious fact is that the story begins and ends at the same place, which is in a boat. The ending is semi-open because it leaves lots of unanswered questions for the reader to think about. Indian Camp is told from the point of view of an omniscient third person narrator, this type of narrator is identified when we notice that the conjugation of all verbs is done in the third person of singular, and that the exclusion of the word “I” is done from the beginning to the end of the storytelling.

Knowledge Is Power essay help us: essay help us

In all honesty, prior to reading Jake Helpern’s articles and meeting him in person, I thought he was some older white guy with a slightly boring style of writing as well as being even more boring in person, but somehow everyone else finds his work fascinating. But since I needed some extra credit points, I took on the challenge of the assignment. Glad to announce my notions of Jake Helpern were totally wrong. Reading Jake Helpern’s articles were like reading a well written novel.

His stories had flare, suspense, character, drama and even a touch of sorrow and empathy. For the most part his articles were not just engaging but also very informative. Content versus Form, Content wins. In person, Jake appeared to be just one of the guys. Nothing fancy about himself, very humble and charismatic. After listening to Jake speak briefly about his life, family and his pursuit of his innate being, you can tell he’s sincere and dedicated to his craft and family.

Jake was also instrumental in terms of being relative due to his Western New York origins. He can relate to Buffalonians and our struggle as a city in a financial crisis, where one side of the city’s future is in question while another side of the city’s future looks lucrative. If the question is posed if Jake’s articles are a considered artwork, I would agree and disagree. The two articles we covered in class, I believe Jake wrote them with an artistic style of writing.

To me, artwork is anything not ephemeral. Jake’s articles can be preserved, but not on the same scale as the Great Pyramids of Egypt or the Tajmahal in India. However, his articles can also be considered non-fiction. Through this experience, I pondered on becoming a writer. I learned academically as well as personal discovery of myself. If Jake were to return to speak again, I’m there.

Why Taiwanese Women Posponing Marriage argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

As the world constantly changing, there is no doubt that the role women plays in the society have changed a lot comparing than previously. It is not hard to find out that women are more active in many countries, which leads to a great impact on the whole society in different aspects from social structure to social welfare. According to “The Economist”, August 20th-26th 2011, there are over one-fifth of Taiwanese women in their late 30s are single; most will never marry.

Apparently, the great improvement or change in feminism has brought both advantages and disadvantages to the society, which is something that I would like to discuss in this paper. I would especially like to discuss about a common phenomenon that happens among many Taiwanese women nowadays, which are postponing or avoiding marriage and producing children. According to the official statistics, in recent years, Taiwanese women have been postponing their marriage and, after marriage, have avoided producing children, which I believe happens for reasons.

Marriage used to be viewed as the most important thing or as a final target of a woman’s life before, while things are totally different due to a few reasons. I remember I had once read an article about why women postpone or avoid marriage; overall there are three big reasons that contemporary women are more pickier, lazier and busier, comparing to women in older generation. They are picky because they have wider knowledge of this world, hence, consider in more aspects when speaking of marriage; they are lazy because they find it troublesome to manage relationship and they are busy for their career.

Based on the claim I saw in the article, I developed several reasons of what I think are the reasons for this phenomenon. First of all, one important factor for this phenomenon is due to the better education women can easily access nowadays. Comparing to 80 years ago, when education is not common and popular, women was taught to becoming a housefrau. Women in that generation is brought up under the concept of that a woman’s virtue is to have no talent, therefore, all they need to know is about how to cook, how to raise their children and so on instead of knowing how the society works, how to speak English…etc. such things that we will learned in school, which makes us well-function in the society.

There is no doubt that after a long term social structure changing process, women now have higher social status that some of them are even at a higher level than men at work. Beforehand, women are just women that people would say” go to your kitchen”, but now they can do things that men do. Since women nowadays have better education as well as higher social status they would want to pursue a career as well just like how men do not only because of the way they are brought up but also to proved the fact that women could be just as habile as men do.

Economic concern is another factor of why women either postpone or avoid marriage. Obviously, it is easier to rely on men for living, but living with only one salary could be very hard, hence women would rather go out and work in order to live better life. In addition, a woman nowadays would prefer to be financially independent for having freedom to go out, enjoying life with her own money instead of being stuck at home. Another reason is that as the society goes diversified, women are more willingly to be with women because it might be more comfortable to be with a person who knows what a woman really wants.

Moreover, I think high divorcing rate is another reason for women might hold concern of whether marriage could make them happier or not. When it comes to making decision, women nowadays might think, ”maybe it is not time yet” instead of “oh my god! I need to get married”. What mentioned above are some reasons I think why women postpone or avoid their marriage. Another thing that is just as vital as the issue that I discuss above is while after women get married, they somehow avoid producing offspring. To my belief, there are a few reasons that prevent women from having children.

Generally speaking, women find it troublesome to have baby and to take care of them, not to mention that women usually become fat and ugly after pregnant, which is something terrible for women nowadays. Additionally, the mindsets of modern women have changed a lot than the mindset of women in older generation like my grandmother or mother. Having baby used to be a must do things in life of women in early ages, especially for traditional family for the purpose to have a son to carry on the family name.

Whereas, having baby or not is just not as important to women now. I think this is mainly because of the priority of life that women have has changed. Despite the fact that not everyone avoid having children, there is no doubt that there are more women doing so out of their ambitions or plans of work. Some women might also think that having kids might threaten their performance at work because they have to pay extra attention on children and might distracted them from work.

Last but not least, due to the high prices of commodities of current society, people could buy fewer things with same amount of money, which means that life is harder. People might not even able to survive with their low paid salary, not to mention having children, raising them, providing them education and so on. Synthesize the problems and the factors mentioned above; I list out several problems that might emerge on account of those phenomenons.

Women postponing or avoid marriage as well as creating children might leads to low birth rate, aging population society, solitude elders issue and international brides, especially from china and south Asia. Although international brides indeed bring new culture into Taiwan, which force Taiwanese society to become more open, there are still some problems such as prostitution or problems of communication between international brides and Taiwanese happens now and then.

To view these problems in a long-term way, they will eventually decrease the competitiveness of Taiwan among other countries. I think this is a condition that we need to change. I know the government have offered extra premium to those people who get marry or giving birth. I suggest that our government should raise the amount of the bonus, which will be more attractive to people nowadays. The current bonus is just so low that doesn’t fit the cost benefit for that raising a kid will cost a lot more than the bonus that government offering now.

Besides, I think the government should improve and provide more social welfare for women that it will be more convenient for them to get married or to give birth and provide more integrated laws that guarantee their benefits, rights and interests of their jobs while they are experiencing pregnancy. The most important of all, the government should educate people by analysis the pros and cons of both marriage and producing babies via different activities like lectures, movies, advertisement and so on.

In essence, women postponing or avoiding marriage or offspring is a vital and urgent problems that our society have now. The seemingly “personal behavior” would actually lead to severe consequences like the competiveness of our country. I agree it is good that women nowadays have higher social status, which strengthens the concept of sexual equality. However, we can’t ignore the issue of women not getting or delaying marriage and giving birth. It is a essential problems that worth our attentions and thoughts.

Business Policy college application essay help online: college application essay help online

Produce a high quality products * Diversity and variety in products offered * Large market share (16% of global footwear market) * Major sponsor for a number of global sporting events * Purchasing of Reebok * Adidas has a Global Presence with over 2400 stores worldwide in a variety of regions. These alone account for nearly €2. 8bil. * Famous sports stars advertising products – Adidas has a series of football superstars who wear and advertise their products, including David Beckham, Zinedine Zidane, Stephen Gerrard etc. Weaknesses

High prices in some products * Online customer service not “helpful” or easy to find * Not utilizing Reebok * Stiff competition and similar big brands means customers have high brand switching * The products can sometimes be costly due to innovative technology or production method * E-commerce is limited to USA Opportunities * Entering the Asian market, China is the fastest growing economy in the world. * Entering the female market * Social trend and popularity of social media sites such as Facebook, allowing Adidas to interact directly and build relationships with potential and current customers.

Sponsorship of global sports events which improves the company’s global brand. These include an 11 year sponsorship on the NBA, the 2012 GB Olympic Games and the continued sponsorship of the FIFA WC. * Tie-up with emerging sports teams/clubs/players internationally * Collaborate with other online retailers to offer Adidas products Threats * Nike competition. Nike has strong reputation in the footwear and apparel industry * Global economic downturn. * Increase in the Price of Raw materials * Competition from designers such as Hugo Boss and Lacoste. * fake imitations affect brand image

Analyse the Rise to Power of Joseph Stalin essay help app: essay help app

Joseph Stalin became the leader of the USSR after it’s first leader Vladimir Lenin died. Stalin’s rise to power was violent and ruthless, however the result was just what he wanted to achieve. In this essay I will analyse the rise to power of Joseph Stalin as well as look at the steps, which he took towards becoming a totalitarian leader of the USSR. Joseph Stalin was studying to be a priest but he was expelled for his revolutionary activity.

Stalin has attracted Lenin’s attention because of this revolutionary activity and Lenin was helping Stalin to rise in party leadership. This can be considered Stalin’s first step towards becoming a dictator. This clearly shows that his way up in the party leadership began from being promoted by Lenin. After Lenin’s death, there were five main people struggling to achieve the position of a leader of USSR. These were: Trotsky, Bukharin, Kamenev, Zinoviev and Stalin. Stalin wanted to become the leader of USSR. His main rival was Leon Trotsky because he had the support of the Soviet people.

Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev joined together to oppose the continuation of the New Economic Policy (a new and more capitalized economic policy, which was supposed to revive the Soviet economy that was ruined after the Civil War. NEP allowed farmers to earn extra money). Their wishes appeared to go against Lenin’s. Trotsky had a policy called ‘Permanent Revolution’. He wanted to spread communism to the neighboring countries. Stalin had a different point of view – he believed that at first it was important to establish and strengthen communism in the USSR.

Stalin was able to appoint his supporters on key positions in the communist party. He was able to do that mainly due to the fact that Trotsky was busy gaining the support of the people because he wanted to convince them about the benefit of ‘Permanent Revolution’ and also he believed that it is important to have the support of the nation. As a historian Norman Pereira said about Stalin putting his supporters around him: ‘He was an arch-bureaucrat who put together a coalition of party

secretaries who had no truly revolutionary intent and were preoccupied by a concern for bureaucratic privilege. ’ Stalin sided with Bukharin. Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev were announced as traitors to Lenin as they didn’t want the continuation of the NEP (New Economic Policy). They were expelled from the party. Later, Trotsky was killed by Stalin’s NKVD (secret police) in order to eliminate him as a competitor completely. The two of his very important rivals and his main rival were no longer an obstacle for Stalin.

Bukharin has originally sided with Stalin to get rid of Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev. After they were gone, he wanted to continue the NEP, as this is what Stalin told him they should do. In 1927 Stalin sent soldiers to arrest anybody who was making profit as a result of the NEP. Bukharin now accused Stalin of being a tyrant. Due to that, Bukharin was expelled from the party as Stalin had appointed his supporters on key positions in the party, making it possible for him to expel Bukharin.

Stalin became an undisputed leader of the USSR. Conclusively, I believe that Stalin has used several methods to rise to power, most of them being manipulative such as assigning his supporters to key positions in the communist party and alliance with Bukharin in order to eliminate other rivals. In the end, he has successfully become a dictator of the Soviet Union who will later lead the country through its biggest challenge – the Second World War.

The Lost Boys of Sudan essay help cheap: essay help cheap

The students will watch the Documentary; God Grew Tired of Us, about the lives of the “Lost Boys of Sudan”. They will take notes on the key points in the Lost Boy’s journey as well as notes on the life lessons we could learn from them as people. Instructions: Your Essay will have 6 paragraphs and will be no longer than 2 pages, single spaced with size 12 font. The essay must include a descriptive title and a picture that is labeled with a caption below. Paragraph # 1: Introductory Paragraph

The Walking Journey Out of Sudan (facts) Paragraph # 3: Life in the Kakuma Refugee Camp (facts) Paragraph # 4: Transition to Life in North America (facts) Paragraph # 5: Three – Five Important Life Lesson Learned from the Lost Boys (more of a personal opinion and reflection) Paragraph # 6: Concluding Paragraph Checklist for your Good Copy: Evaluation: Descriptive Title/1 Introductory Paragraph (intro sentence, set up sentences, concluding sentence)/3 The Walking Journey Paragraph (intro sentence, min.

Kakuma Life Paragraph (intro sentence, min. 5 content sentences, concluding sentence)/5 Transition to N. A. Paragraph (intro sentence, min. 5 content sentences, concluding sentence)/5 Life Lessons Paragraph (intro sentence, min. 6 content sentences, concluding sentence)/5 Introductory Paragraph (intro sentence, conclusion sentences, concluding sentence)/3 Appropriate Labeled Picture/2 Spelling and Grammar/3 Total/32 Lost Boys of Sudan: From the Movie – God Grew Tired of Us The Facts Concerning Their 20+ Year Journey

The 5 Year Journey: (1987 – 1992) to flee to the south. The Kakuma Refugee Camp (1992 – 2002 when filming began) <> New Life in the USA: (2002 ( ) Life Lessons from the Lost Boys of Sudan 1. It is never too late to learn: 2. There can always be a new beginning in life, never give up: 3. Believe in yourself and your potential: 4. Hard work leads to opportunities: 5. Helping family and friends is important in life: 6. It is important for people to maintain their culture: 7. People in North America need to be more friendly with strangers / new immigrants / with each other:

People need to work and add something to their society in order to feel fulfillment: 9. Look out for the less fortunate, think of others, be selfless: 10. Give back to your communities: 11. Take on leadership opportunities whether they be big or small: 12. Don’t take life for granted: 13. Don’t judge a person from their appearance 14. Don’t waste resources 15. Never say never: a bit vague, you can explain it 16. Don’t take your family for granted 17. Maintain hope 18. Have patience 19. Money isn’t everything

Shopping Mall and Zombie Effect college essay help near me: college essay help near me

How to Know if You have it“ claims that malls have negative effect on people. In author‘s opinion, shopping centres make people sick: they usually get tired very fast, feel anxious and even lost the perception of place and time. The disease, which has got the name Mallaise, has such sypmtoms as: difficulties in concentrating, extreme nervousness or unjustified worries.

This sickness affects people who usually hates shopping or just wandering around the mall. William Kowinski even confessed that he also suffers from Mallaise, when he noticed its symptoms during his stay in Columbia Mall. As the author states, there are many side effects of this disease. For example, dismallcumbobulation, that means that people usually lost the perception of time and place. Another effect would be inability to relate to others.

The author noticed that there were no normal interaction between two people as they were only talking but looking at the different sides. Lastly, plastiphobia. In other words, people just got confused by all the plastic and superficial things arroung. Despite of this, William Kowinski acknowledges the fact that there is a combination that is called Zombie Effect. The clearest indicator of it would be apathy, automatic moves, short memory, headaches, feeling of guilt or even depression.

Author compares Zombie Effect with watching TV: you can do it all day long and float for hours even without noticing it. Agne Valatkaite 2 However, W. Kowinski has a cure from Mallaise and all its side effects. It‘s leaving the mall. He states that it sometimes can be difficult or even impossible as the malls are the only place to go for shopping or entertaining but still it is the one and only way to get rid of this unpleasant situation.

Emily Dickinson Presents Suffering scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

After great pain a formal feeling comes’ and ‘I felt a funeral in my brain’ and ‘There’s a certain slant of light’- Throughout Dickinson’s poem ‘After great pain a formal feeling comes’ she attempts to communicate to the reader the nature of the suffering she is encountering that comes ‘after great pain’. This first line is the only abstract statement throughout the poem, to express that this is obviously not a physical pain.

She refers to the physical nerves in her body ‘sit ceremonious like tombs’ a comparison that symbolises the effects of this suffering, a tomb being associated with qualities related to the dead. These qualities are stillness and formality, which reflect the physical numbness she is experiencing as a consequence. This sense of numbness is confirmed throughout the poem when mechanical feet are described abstractly walking in a ‘wooden way’ to reflect that they now have no regard for where they land, while indicating that this path they take is conceptual as it is physical.

This comparison between the physical and mental components of suffering is intertwined within Dickinson’s poem ‘I felt a funeral in my brain’ when her dramatization of mental anguish, leads to a metaphorical drop. This results in the narrator’s physical form ‘finished knowing’ and sinking into a protective numbness. This concept is also explored within ‘Theres a certain slant of slight’ which Dickenson used as a metaphor for tuberculosis, in a time in her life when many of the people surrounding her fell victim to the disease, meaning without todays knowledge of germ theory, it would result in death.

Dickenson throughout the poem moves from descriptions of ‘cathedral tunes’ to ‘internal difference’ to form a contrast between the external and internal elements surrounding life. This is also to reflect the nature of the illness tuberculosis, in which there were no physical signs of pain but instead metaphorical scarring that changed the victim completely ‘internally’. Dickenson also explores the theme of suffering as being a complete state of mind throughout ‘After great pain a formal feeling comes’ a poem centred on the feelings within, while lacking persona or ritual seen in her other poems.

She reflects this through her personification of various parts of the body such as the ‘nerves’ ‘heart’ and ‘feet’ a generalisation that allows the reader to assume this pain has to be internal and beyond her physical form. This theme is also within ‘I felt a funeral in my brain’ when Dickenson describes a ‘service and a ‘box’ to vaguely relate this pain to the actions performed at a funeral. However Dickenson uses the metaphor ‘creak across my soul’ which is not typically associated with this ceremony to reflect the internal trance like state the narrator has entered as a result of this pain.

This then causes her to enter a place of ‘wrecked, solitary’ when a ‘plank in reason, broke’ which forces the narrator to become a lifeless form, incapable of perceiving the external factors surrounding her. Dickinson also presents the speaker being an object within ‘I Felt a funeral in my brain’ while portraying her as submissive to this form of suffering. This is evident when she recalls ‘then I heard them life a box, And creak across my soul’ to indicate a lack of control those surrounding the dying face when entering the numerous stages of suffering once the loved one has passed.

This theme is also explored within ‘Theres a certain slant of light’ when Dickinson describes a ‘Heavenly hurt it gives us’ to suggest this affliction is in the form of a religious experience, that is being forced onto the narrator. This reflects Dickinson’s confusion over her transcendentalist views through her use of the word ‘light’ as a metaphor for tuberculosis, while appearing to blame God for this forceful suffering. In Dickinson’s poem ‘I felt a funeral in my brain’ the whole psychological drama is reflected in the form of a funeral service, however the cause of this intense suffering is never revealed throughout any of her poems.

In the fourth stanza of this poem the phrase ‘breaking through’ is used to display mental phenomena, which usually refers to something becoming clear or the narrator may be gaining insight that was hidden to her in the past, which is the outcome of this suffering. The use of repetition when describing the ‘treading, treading’ of the mourners reinforces this idea, becoming a reflection of the self-turmoil the narrator experienced before reaching this understanding.

However the coffin like ‘box’ described by Dickenson symbolises the death of rationality and the narrator entering a state close to madness. This loss of self typically comes when ones relationship with people and nature becomes broken, which could be the cause of Dickinson’s personal suffering. The poems regular rhythm and iambic meter being opposed by words such as ‘beating- beating’ also reinforce this idea, adding a rocking quality that could reflect the instability of the narrator’s sanity.

Throughout Dickinson’s poem ‘A certain slant of light’ she also fails to reveal the cause of this suffering consuming her, however she displays the main characteristic of this pain as being oppressive. Her use of words throughout such as ‘oppresses’ ‘weight’ and ‘hurt’ all display this aspect, while her description of the ‘weight of the cathedral tunes’ reflect that her state of mind is causing her to interpret even her external surroundings as oppressive.

This communicates to the reader the possibility that this suffering may be Dickinson’s personal response to the realisation into the fact of death. This idea is reinforced in stanza four when she describes ‘Shadows hold their breath’ which is suggestive of the stillness associated with death, in a time when Dickinson’s life was centred on the threat of disease caused by the Tuberculosis epidemic that spread throughout Europe.

Influence of John Ruskin on Architecture writing essay help: writing essay help

His elaborate style that characterised his earliest writing on art was later superseded by a preference for plainer language designed to communicate his ideas more effectively. * In all of his writings he emphasised the connections between nature, art and society. * He also made detailed sketches and painting of architectural structures and ornamentation. Many of which he drew as a small child which were deemed remarkable for a boy of his age due to their sophisticated and technicality. * First publications

He was hugely influential in the layer half of the 19th century up to WW1 * Ruskin’s journeys as a child with his family have provided inspiration for his writing, * One of his first major publications came in September 1837 when a number of his writings entitled ‘The Poetry of Architecture’ appeared in Loudon’s Architectural Magazine under the pen name ‘Kata Phusin’ * Ruskin continued to produce various works that were published and widely recognised such as ‘Modern Painters’ in 1843.

Touring and further Publications * Ruskin toured the continents with his parents in 1844, gaining further experience and giving him the opportunity to study medieval art and architecture in France, Switzerland and in particular Italy * During these travels he wrote the second volume of ‘Modern Painters’ in 1846 concentrating more on Renaissance and Pre-Renaissance artists. * The Seven Lamps * Over the next few years, Ruskin began to develop a keener interest in architecture, and in particular the gothic revival.

This developing interest led to the first work to solely bear his name, ‘The Seven Lamps of Architecture’, in 1849 which contained 14 plates etched by the author. * The title refers to seven moral categories that Ruskin considered vital to and inseparable from all architecture; sacrifice, truth, power, beauty, life, memory and obedience * With regards to moral obedience, Ruskin included his ideas on what Roman architecture should be, recommending certain styles such as Pisan Romanesque, Early Central Italian Gothic, Venetian Gothic and English Earliest Decorated ( as at the Angels Choir in Lincoln Cathedral).

Seven Lamps also promoted the virtues of secular and protestant forms of Gothic architecture and was a challenge to the catholic influence of AWN Pugin. * Ruskin argued that restoration is destruction, and that ancient buildings should be preserved, but no attempt should be made to erase the accumulated history encoded in their decay.

Ruskin recommended colour in buildings, flatness of surface as opposed to Pugin’s bold relief, play of light and shade, good bounding lines, squares or circles either in general boundaries or in smaller coloured areas, largeness of size and continuous repetition of arcading. * The Stones of Venice * In November 1849, Ruskin visited Venice, filling manuscript journals and notebooks with sketches and notes that he used for ‘The Stones of Venice’ later in 1857. * This publication covered two broad aspects – construction and decoration.

Ruskin made many recommendations within the publication, including in particular his views and ideas regarding layers of walls by different means – by using different colours of stone or brick with marble; stratification for thick walls, chequered patterns for thin walls; towers to be plain and bold, detached if possible, not to be broken by buttresses and flat topped rather than pointed; and buttresses to be part of walls. He also included his views on the arch. * Volumes 2 and 3

In 1853, volumes II and III of ‘The Stones of Venice’ were produced by Ruskin * As well as describing such things as marble facing slabs for walls, Ruskin here considered the social conditions which would or would not allow craftsmen to enjoy working on purely decorative features, praising Gothic ornamentation. * Ruskin argued that it was an expression of the artists joy in free, creative work stating that the worker must be allowed to think and to express his own personality and ideas, ideally using his own hands, not machinery.

Ruskin’s publications in Britain * Ruskin’s publications were not going unnoticed across the British Isles, in fact his works began to herald the Gothic revival movement in Britain and paved the way for the Arts and Crafts movement. * Ruskin rebelled against formal, classical art and architecture, but instead championed the asymmetrical rough architecture of medieval Europe. * Deane and Woodward * One of the first architects to respond was Thomas Deane who partnered with Benjamin Woodward in 1851.

Their work was a gothic style influence by the principles of Ruskin. * Their first major design was the Museum Building at Trinity College in Dublin in 1857. * This particular building was a new engineering building inspired by Ruskin’s recommendations. * The finished building included huge chimneys, windows that ran together in arcades, grouped together within the facades, and a Grand Canal detailing that Ruskin admired in The Stones of Venice.

In plan form the building included conventionally sized rooms and the interior included exotic colours, foliated carvings, alternating coloured boussoirs, and a number of unique carvings done by untrained, uneducated stone masons reflecting Ruskin’s idea of being able to freely create. * Kildare Street * In 1859, Deane and Woodward designed Kildare Street Club, a gentlemen’s club in Dublin at the heart of the Anglo-Irish Protestant ascendency.

Their design as largely based on Italian Gothic style including floriated capitals with bird like detailing, interweaving, lettering and stone ‘monkeys’, and beasts playing billiards on the base of pillars * The club committee however altered their completely gothic style slightly to include large arched windows divided by thin columns * The building was described as being adorned by ‘whimsical beasts’ * Oxford Museum * A further examples of their work was the ne-gothic building of the Oxford Museum, completed in 1861.

The design was directly influenced by Ruskin, who involved himself by making various suggestions to Woodward * The museum consisted of a large square court with a glass roof, supported by cast iron pillars. * Originally Ruskin wasn’t keen on the design, but later grew to appreciate it, as he believed it resembled a medieval cathedral. * Arcades, stone columns made from British stone, ornamentation of stonework and iron pillars carried Ruskin’s ideas throughout the entire building. * Woodward had set out the building as an exhibition of British stonework, creating a whole building of architecture.

William Butterfield * A further figure to respond to the ideas and thinking of Ruskin was William Butterfield, notable with his design of All Saints Church in London in 1953. * He admires the ideas of stripes that Ruskin had described for brick walls and incorporated this into his design, using red brick, a materials that was long out of use in London, with the walls banded in black brick and the spire banded in stone with crisp edges. * The interior was richly patterned with inlays of marble and tile * The use of ornamentation and stencilling were also an influence of Ruskin’s critiques.

George Edmund Street * George Edmund Street was an English architect who was also a leading practitioner of the Gothic Revival style influenced by Ruskin. * At an early age, he became deeply interested in the principles of gothic architecture, spending years studying it and later publishing his findings in ‘The Brick and Marble Architecture of Northern Italy’ in 1855. * One noticeable example of his work that resembles Ruskin’s ideals was the Church of St James the Less in Westminster in 1859, * Again, Street appreciated Ruskin’s ideas of stripes on exterior walls.

He designed bands of different coloured brick to extend the full way to the roof, a style later described as ‘streaky bacon’. * Violent Gothic Revival * Between 1850 and 1870, the gothic revival passed through a violent period. * It was by turns geometrical, naturalistic and polychromatic, often unaccommodating and even brutal, illustrated by works of EW Goodwin, A Waterhouse and GG Scott. * However the designs of building still incorporated Ruskin’s descriptions such as bands of coloured slates, arcades, extravagant colours and medieval styles.

Ruskin’s influence reached across the world and he was described as one of the more remarkable men not only of England but of all countries and times. * Theorists and practitioners over many disciplines acknowledges their debt to Ruskin, including architects such as Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright and Walter Gropius who incorporated Ruskin’s ideas into their own work. * Ruskin continued to carry out works within art, including opening the Ruskin School of Drawing in 1869, until he dies in1900.

Notes on Anil nursing essay help: nursing essay help

However, he sees people outside and discovers the Headman’s brother, Marimuthu hanging a woman, at which he is traumatised. The next day, the body has been taken down and we learn that it is Marimuthu’s wife. However, Marimuthu is pretending that his wife has commited suicide. Anil tells the village & the Headman that he saw Marimuthu kill the woman and the Headman goes off to talk to Anil’s father about him. In the next section, we learn that Anil is being sent to school (a great opportunity) but it is so that the Headman can cover up his brother’s actions as a murderer.

At the end, both father & son explore their decisions and whether they made the right/wrong choice given the consequences. The last scene shows the Headman & his brother, the Headman smiling at his brother and the brother showing relief that they got away with it. Form • • Omniscient narrator – allows us to learn the feelings of each of the characters – an overview of the story. Short story bildungsroman: shows the character growing up/maturing when he learns the nature of good/evil and something about morality, “I will never forget this town and the sin that it buries today.

As a child, we believe in right & wrong and that sins are punished. However, he learns that there is not always justice in the world, and in fact sin is metaphorically buried. • Epiphany: as above: “I will never forget this town and the sin that it buries today. ” (line 216. ) Structure • • Lines 93-95- powerful visual- cinematic description of the body shocks us- climax shocking so early in the story. Lines 41- 60- the boy’s fears are presented: father, fear of the dark, mosquito, ghosts- writer uses one word lines to reflect the tension, ‘They.

Peyi. Pesase. Ghosts. ’- also ‘Dare he? ’- the omniscient narrator draws us into Anil’s mind. Lines 159-160- the second section is used to describe the aftermath where Anil finds himself accusing the murderer, ‘You killed her. ’ We are left on a cliff-hanger as we wonder what the consequences will be, ‘… about this son of yours. ’ See epiphany is form. Lines 198-202- we are now given Ragunathan’s perspective and the writer presents his confused shame as Anil is sent away. • • •

Language • Lines 1-14 (opening paragraph): heat is emphasised to create a claustrophobic and confined setting, ‘hot, sweltering’- contrasts with the image of the star Anil watches, ‘a small star shone… ’ as his dreams set him apart (omniscient narrator allows us to see Anil’s perspective and draws us to him. ) Lines 21-31- physical details of mother reinforce the heat and discomfort/pain of the setting and their lives, ‘wet patch… layers of fat’- a child’s view amuses us ‘Wheee… the fly slid down’ but is mixed with the accepted pain/violence/abuse ‘the bruise…where Appa… had hit her. ’ Lines 69- 74- symbolism of the tree- from childish view ‘… a tree that ate little children. ’ To shocking reality ‘They were hanging a woman.

Lines 222- end- the worm simile used to describe how Marimuthu views the train/the truth within Anil reflects the relief he feels at having escaped justice- the heat of his wife’s injustice distorts the train and makes the image sinister, but even more sinister to the reader is the ‘shadow of a smile’ which hints that all is under control again. • • •

How to use PETER for analysis: P- The writer uses a star at the beginning of the story and after the climax of the murder to highlight Anil’s innocence and isolation, E- ‘silencing the sobs that wracked his little body, as a star shimmered above. ’ T- The repeated symbolism of the star as well as the alliteration of ‘silencing the sobs’ and ‘star shimmered’ E- draws our attention to his vulnerability and perhaps loss of innocence as he witnesses such a crime. R- We cannot help but feel pity for Anil’s character as we share his pain and terror. O- create your own other interpretation here.

Red Crabs of Christmas Island essay help service: essay help service

Red Crabs of Christmas Island Red Crabs are a crustaceous species that live on Christmas Island, located just south of Indonesia. They are a very important part of the ecosystem of the island, and have mainly good benefits for us humans. They’re very famous as well, known for the mass migrations which turn the roads of Christmas Island red. Red Crabs play a very important role in the ecosystem of Christmas Island, they are herbaceous and eat plants, which helps fertilize the ground, and they also provide food to the two other species of crab on the island; Robber Crabs & Blue Crabs.

The Robber Crabs eat the Red Crabs & Blue Crabs, and the Blue Crabs eat the Red Crabs. Red Crabs cannot be eaten by people, whereas Blue & Robber Crabs can be. The reason Red Crabs are so famous, is because of one of a few things; their migration. They migrate by the millions to cliffs by the ocean, with millions of crabs dying on the road due to cars and other human disturbance. This is where the males will dig burrows and often fight with the other male Red crabs, and eventually mate with the females.

The females normally wait around 10 days, and then head to the ocean at full moon where they will release the eggs, which hatch immediately upon contact with water. The baby Red Crabs then drift out to the open ocean, where they can be eaten by Whale Sharks and other fish, but normally every year they return back to the beach, and cover the rocks, which makes them look like they’re covered in blood. After a few days, they begin their migration back to the forest, and the carnage on the road begins once again.

The entire process of the migration and reproduction takes around 5 weeks in total. The Red Crabs are an advantage to Christmas Island’s economy because it brings in lots of tourists during this phenomenal event, but tend to cause destruction of things such as causing flat tires in cars, some people having a flat tire per day or more. This is the only real major effect on humans however, because all the people living there have learned to adjust to the crabs, with many accepting them and not caring if any crabs happen to walk into their house.

The island, as mentioned above, has two other species of crabs, the Blue Crab and Robber Crab. The Blue Crabs are slightly bigger than the Red Crab, and like them, also migrate to the ocean, but with fewer numbers. They also tend to be more aggressive and eat the Red Crabs. Robber Crabs, are considerably larger & stronger than the Blue Crabs and Red Crabs, and are also known as Coconut Crabs due to their ability to break open coconuts.

They’re very aggressive, often killing Red & Blue Crabs, and only tolerate each other when food is plentiful. Like Blue Crabs, they are edible to humans, but had a ban on them for a few years due to their species becoming vulnerable from over hunting. In all, the Red Crabs of Christmas Island are a very unique and interesting species, and despite the fact that millions die during migration, their numbers are still sky-high at around 81 million in 1997.

The Social Structure of the 1920s professional essay help: professional essay help

The Roots of the 1920’s Social Life The Great War was very essential in providing the stepping stones into life during the 1920s as well as maintaining effects on the social atmosphere. In late 1918, the Great War had come to an end with the Allies achieving victory. This war had supposedly been the war to end all wars, and this victory brought confidence back home to the Americans. American troops came home at the end of 1918, and they came home to an America about to experience some of its most prosperous years.

With this confidence and energy, Americans led themselves into the 1920s with optimism, activity, and economic growth that lasted through the majority of the era. The Roaring Twenties, the Golden Twenties, the Harlem Renaissance, and the Jazz Age: all names given to this famous era. America was rich. Wall Street was successful day after day with the stock market soaring. The 1920s was a time where tradition was tried and young men and women defied the traditionalist views. Along with this young and rowdy generation was the Prohibition era.

Speakeasies across America were born, and bootlegging became a career for many. Americans would not give up their alcohol to any sort of constitutional amendment creating an active and dangerous lifestyle of Americans during the night time. African-Americans made their mark on society during these times. The Harlem Renaissance brought out true African-American art through different visual arts, novels, dramas, short stories, and poetry. Civil rights were still non-existent for the African-Americans, but many still freely expressed themselves. Some expressed themselves through music, especially jazz.

The 1920s brought about the Jazz Age. Big names such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington came to fame during this age of musical expression. America soared during the 1920s; it’s no wonder the era has been called the Roaring/Golden Twenties. Social life during this time was vastly different than any other era in American history. For instance, the daily life of Americans consisted of things that no other era has dealt with. American economy, the generational war, Prohibition, the Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Age all served as cornerstones for shaping American society during the 1920s.

With many different aspects going into shaping the social life of the 1920s, the economy was the basis of it all. Domestic life had changed with the simple inventions and the mass production of different household products that are still used today: vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, the hair dryer, and etcetera. The consumer lifestyle was king during this time, and it was these simple household products that were vastly consumed. The strong economy changed family life: more students in school, kids were involved in more organizations, and, of course, no worry to put food on the table.

With the strong economy, the people developed the mentality of living life to its fullest. Edna St. Vincent Millay described the 1920s lifestyle well in her poem “First Fig”: “My candle burns at both ends; it will not last the night; but ah, my foes, and oh, my friends, it gives a lovely light! ” It was only the wealth of America and its strong economy that Americans were able to “burn the candle at both ends. ” Although the Great War had come to an end, young American men came home to fight another war: a generational war.

A generational difference had been formed between the rough and rowdy young generation and the traditionalist generation. Women during the Great War had tasted a bit of freedom being on their own while all of the men were across the ocean. This led to the birth of flappers during the 1920s: women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, and rebelled against almost any traditional rules. This new revolution would go on to affect far more than just the decade, it would go on to affect the rest of history following the 20s.

The generational gap did not come about with each individual across America choosing to rebel, it spread rapidly through the media. Newspapers, magazines, and tabloids not only spread the flapper mentality, but also other national trends, ideas, and fashions. One example of media transforming the new generation was Dorothy Dix’s “Advice to Women”, one of many columns in daily newspapers for Dix. In it she wrote, “The old idea used to be that the way for a woman to help her husband was by being thrifty and industrious, by peeling the potatoes a little thinner, and making over her old hats and frocks.

But the woman who makes herself nothing but a domestic drudge . . . is not a help to her husband. She is a hindrance. ” Writings such as this influenced the female crowd across the country to reform the way of life for young women and wives. This kind of writing also brought about an increase in married women considering that they weren’t as dependent upon their husbands anymore. The wife often carried her own job giving the family two jobs which were needed to maintain the consumer mentality during this time. The older generation, the traditionalists, did not agree with this new way of life.

However, with the new generation becoming more independent, whatever the traditionalists had to say didn’t carry much weight. The young adults of the 1920s were their own people which very much affected the social life during this time. Rebellion was not only taking place against the older generation, but also against the American government. The Prohibition Act had made its entrance into the constitution as the Eighteenth Amendment in 1920 abolishing the manufacture, transportation, and sale of liquor, beer, and wine throughout the United States.

Many supported prohibition during its infant years. The big business men such as Henry Ford, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie all supported prohibition convinced that alcohol hindered the work of their employees. Along with these men were the Protestant churches fully supporting the moral values that prohibition was likely to maintain. However, the American people would not give up their alcohol. Prohibition was only able to make alcohol illegal, but it was not able to stop the distribution of alcohol. “Bootlegging” was the official name given to selling alcohol illegally.

This act included those who independently made their own alcohol for themselves, but the major result of prohibition was organized crime being formed around bootlegging. The infamous Al Capone, also known as Scarface, virtually controlled the city of Chicago through his gang of bootlegging. The flow of money was so great that he was able to pay off local police and even federal agents in order to keep his business afloat. Capone even had control over the mayoral elections when his men terrorized polling places, took opposition ballots by gun, and abducted voters and election workers. Capone’s chosen mayor won.

Capone wasn’t the only crime lord around though; rival gangs fought against Capone to gain control of Chicago. These gang wars led to bloodshed and mayhem all throughout Chicago. From 1926 to 1930, more than 300 mobsters were killed in various shootouts and bombings in the Chicago area. Gangs centered on bootlegging were found all across America striking fear into the American people. Capone and those like him had to have a major source of alcohol sales other than individual homes, and they did. Speakeasies exploded in their number during the 1920s which had a major impact on social life.

It was here that alcohol was sold on a large scale. These were essentially bars, but they were illegal and not easy to get into. In a passage from Studs Terkel’s Hard Times, Alec Wilder recalls the New York City establishments he frequented during Prohibition: “As soon as you walked in the door, you were a special person, you belonged to a special society. When I’d bring a person in, it was like dispensing largesse. I was a big man. You had to know somebody who knew somebody. It had that marvelous movie-like quality, unreality. And the food was great.

” This “special person” mentality attracted many young Americans to the speakeasies. The sale of alcohol was accompanied with an upbeat atmosphere. Many locations had live music along with an area for dancing. From the inside, many speakeasies would not appear to be illegal considering how the people were loose and loud and uncaring that what they were doing was illegal. Speakeasies were the night end of the burning candle. The social life described so far has mainly been focused on the white Americans, but the African-American society experienced its own social advancement.

The Harlem Renaissance was birthed in the 1920s, and it was the time when African-American artists of all different branches expanded. Literature, art, and music were used by the African-Americans to challenge the racism and stereotypes that were very prevalent during this time. One of the most memorable writers from this time was Langston Hughes. This African-American man helped in shaping the minds of aspiring African-American writers. Langston Hughes said in his essay “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain”, “An artist must be free to choose what he does, certainly, but he must also never be afraid to do what he might choose.

” Hughes urged the African-American writers to never try to write like white people; rather, they should openly express themselves through their art. African-Americans were not equal to the white Americans, but Hughes instilled into the African-American community that they did not want to be like the white Americans; instead, they were to be their own people and express their own hearts. The Harlem Renaissance included the Jazz Age as well. Jazz and blues were one of the primary ways for African-Americans to express themselves. They were even able to perform among whites.

The aforementioned speakeasies were the primary holds for the performances of different jazz and blues artists as mentioned in Jazz: The First Century: “Speakeasies, brothels, nightclubs, movie houses, and dance halls were proliferating – all of them craving musical entertainment. ” The jazz style of music served well at speakeasies creating an upbeat atmosphere that provided well for the upbeat crowd. Among the most famous African-American musicians during this time were Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, and Louis Armstrong. Duke Ellington said, “The memory of things gone is important to a jazz musician.

Things like old folks singing in the moonlight in the back yard on a hot night or something said long ago. ” What Ellington said fit perfectly into what Hughes stood for and tried so hard to instill in the African-American society. Jazz focused not on what was current among the white folks, but it focused on the past generations and accomplishments of the African-Americans. The great prosperity and upbeat social life did not last to the end of the 1920s. The economy once again laid the foundation of the social life when the stock market crashed in October of 1929.

By mid-November, the previous unemployment count of 700,000 had risen to 3 million. A crashing economy would drastically change the lifestyle that so many had acquired during the last ten years. The consumer lifestyle was dead. America would be coming off some of its most prosperous years into some of its worst economic years. It would not be until 1941 when America entered into the Second World War that America would re-establish itself as being an economic powerhouse. Though the 1920s ended with such disparity, the era affected American history in such a way that the effects are still prevalent today.

Flappers were the epitome of feminism and brought about the drastic change in women’s role in society. The flappers established women with a sense of independence. The Harlem Renaissance laid the foundations for the Civil Rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. ; a movement that took place thirty years later. And because of that, equality has not only been established for African-Americans in the United States, but equality has been established for all races in the United States. The Jazz Age revolutionized music in America. The jazz music of the 1920s has lived to the modern day and will most likely never die. The roots of the 1920s social life not only affected society in its current state, but those same roots have grown throughout the past ninety years of America. The 1920s revolutionized life in America.

Bangladesh Export Policy cheap essay help: cheap essay help

General Provisions for Import Regulation of Import- Import of goods under this Order shall be regulated as follows: * Unless otherwise specified in this order, the items banned for import in the list shall not be importable: Provided that, those items which are importable on fulfillment of certain conditions specified in the list shall be importable on fulfillment of those conditions.

Except the items specified in the article 3(a), all other items are importable freely. * While determining the import status of an item mentioned in the „Control List? , if the description of goods does not conform to the H. S. Code mentioned against the item or any discrepancy arises between the H. S. Code and the description of goods, in that case the description of goods shall prevail. Conditions for regulating import

If the import of an item was restricted before coming into effect of this Order or if such restriction has been made effective due to the inclusion of the item in the Control List annexed to this Order or for imposition of any other condition such restriction shall be subject to the following conditions :– (a) In case any restriction is imposed on import of a particular commodity with a view to protecting the interest of a local industry the concerned sponsoring authority / Bangladesh Tariff Commission shall strictly monitor production of that industrial unit regularly; (b)The industrial units (Protected Industry) which are specially engaged in “assembling type” activities shall have to move towards progressive manufacture actively and expeditiously.

Except due to the rise of price of raw materials or the decline in the rate of exchange, if the increase in the price of an item increases or the price of finished product is disproportionately higher than the rise in the price of the raw materials in the international market, the ban on the import may be revoked on the recommendation of the concerned sponsoring authority or Bangladesh Tariff Commission; (d) Goods from Israel or goods produced in that country and also goods carried in the flag vessels of that country shall not be importable. (e) However, if anyone is aggrieved by any decision regarding ban or restriction on import of any item, he can refer his representation to the Bangladesh Tariff Commission. T

he Bangladesh Tariff Commission will duly examine such a representation and furnish its recommendation(s) to the Ministry of Commerce for consideration. General Conditions of Import of goods For import purpose, use of H. S. Code with at least eight digits corresponding to the classification of goods as given in the First Schedule of the Customs Act, based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, shall be mandatory: Provided that, Bank shall not issue L. C. Authorization form or open L/C without properly mentioning H. S. Code number for the item(s) correctly.

Source of finance: Import may be allowed under the following sources of finance, as: — (a) Cash – (i) Cash foreign exchange (balance of the foreign exchange reserve of Bangladesh Bank); (ii) Foreign currency accounts maintained by Bangladeshi Nationals working/living abroad; (iii) External economic aid (Commodity Aid, Loan, Grant); (iv) Commodity exchange: Barter and Special Trading Arrangement (STA). (b) Commercial importers and industrial consumers may utilize their respective shares under Barter/STA as per basis notified.

Import under the Special Trading Arrangements (STA) which are or were concluded with prior approval/permission of the government, shall be subject to the specific procedures laid down by the government in this respect. (d) The provision of sub-para (a) (IV) of this para will remain effective only up to the time of completion of on-going agreements. 2. Import procedure: Import License not required- Unless otherwise specified, no import license will be necessary for import of any item. Import against LCA Form- Unless otherwise specified, all import transactions through a Bank (L/Cs. bank drafts, remittances etc. ) shall require LCA forms irrespective of the source of finance.

Import through L/C- Unless otherwise directed import will be effected only through opening irrevocable L/C: Provided that L/C is not required for each consignment via Teknaf custom station of quickly perishable items worth ten thousand to fifteen thousand US dollar, via other custom station, five thousand to seven thousand US dollar, essential food items under the limit approved by the goverment time to time and for import of capital machinery and raw materials for industrial use without any price limit; Provided further that conditions stated in sub para (6) shall be applicable here and importers shall be required to register with authorized dealer Bank for importation without L/C.

Import against LCA Form but without opening of Letter of Credit (L/C) – Import against LCA Form may be allowed without opening of Letters of Credit in the following cases: (a) Import of books, journals, magazines and periodicals on sight draft or usance bill basis; (b) Import of any permissible item for an amount not exceeding US Dollar 50,000/- (Fifty thousand) is allowed only during each financial year against remittance made from Bangladesh; in case of Myanmar— (i) Import of rice , wheat, maize, soya bin oil, palm oil, onion and fish items valued up to twenty thousand US dollar in a single consignment and other items valued ten thousand US dollar and .

Import of rice under Public Sector valued up to US $ two million in a single consignment shall be importable and in this case above mentioned annual ceiling of fifty thousand US dollar shall not be applicable. (c) Import under commodity aid, grant or such other loan for which there are specific procurement procedures for import of goods without opening any L/C: (d) Import of “international chemical references” through Bank drafts by recognized pharmaceutical industry on the approval of Director, Drugs Administration for the purpose of quality control of their products.

Import on Deferred Payment Basis or Against Supplier’s Credit- Subject to restriction and prohibitions contained in this order, import on deferred payment basis or against Suppliers Credit may be allowed on the basis of procedure laid down by the Bangladesh Bank in this behalf. Import against direct payment abroad- Only Bangladeshi nationals living abroad may send any importable item irrespective of value ceiling against direct payment abroad in the name of any Bangladeshi living in Bangladesh. The name and address of the consignee shall be mentioned in the import documents, in such case. (a) No permission or import permit from the Import Control Authority shall be necessary; (b) In this case a certificate from the Bangladesh embassy in that country as an earner of foreign exchange has to be submitted. Sender’s passport No occupation, annual income, period of stay abroad etc. shall have to be mentioned in that certificate; (c) The payment receipt of the goods shall be certified by the Embassy.

Time limit for opening of L/C- (a) Unless otherwise specified, for import under cash foreign exchange, letter of credit shall be opened by all importers within one hundred and fifty days from the date of issue or from the date of registration of LCA form Provided that the above time limit may be extended up to such time as deemed fit by the Chief Controller; (b)For import under foreign aid/grant and barter/STA, L/C shall be opened within the time limit as may be notified by the Chief Controller. Validity of shipment for goods-

Unless, otherwise specified, shipment of goods shall be made within seventeen months in the case of machinery and spare parts and nine months in the case of all other items from the date of issuance of LCA Form by Bank or registration of L/C Authorization Form with Bangladesh Bank Registration unit, (b) Shipment of goods under commodity aid/grant, and account trade arrangement/counter trade arrangement shall be effected within the time limits as may be notified by the Chief Controller.

In case where shipment could not be made within the validity period due to Circumstances beyond control of the importer, the Chief Controller may extend the time limit for shipment of goods on the merit of each case; Restriction on L/C after imposition of ban/restriction- No extension of the date of shipment in any Letter of Credit or amendment to Letter of Credit or enhancement of the value or quantity of goods shall be allowed by the nominated Bank or by the Import Control Authority after the import of the item or items have been banned or restricted. Document required to be submitted along with LCA Form- Importers in both public sector and private sector shall submit to their nominated Banks the following documents along with the L/C Authorization Form for opening Letter of Credit: (a) L/C Application Form duly signed by the importer;

Indents for goods issued by Indentor or a Proforma Invoice obtained from the foreign supplier, as the case may be; and (c)Insurance Cover Note. Violation of the requirement of LCA/LC- (a) Shipment effected before issuance of the L/C Authorization Form by the nominated Bank and registration with the authorized dealer bank, wherever necessary, and before opening of L/C or after expiry of the validity of the L/C Authorization Form or L/C shall be treated as import in contravention of this Order. (b) L/C Authorization Form obtained on the basis of false or incorrect particulars or by adopting any fraudulent means shall be treated as invalid and void abolition.

Import against indent and pro-forma Invoice- L/C may be opened against an indent issued by a local registered Indentor or against a pro-forma invoice issued by a foreign manufacturer/seller/supplier. 3. Fees Regarding Imports Registration Certificate: (1) Registered commercial importers and industrial consumers have been classified into six categories on the basis of their value ceiling of overall annual import for the year 2009-10 to 2011-12. Their Registration (IRC) and renewal fees have been refixed as under: (2) An importer shall apply in writing to the concerned Import Control Authority for registration in any of the six categories mentioned above along with necessary papers and original copy of the Treasury Chalan as evidence of payment of the prescribed registration fees.

Import Control Authority shall make an endorsement under seal and signature on the IRC of each importer indicating the value ceiling of annual import and the rate of renewal fees applicable in each case. (4) Importers of all categories can renew their IRC through their nominated banks. (6) Importer can pay renewal fee in cash prescribed for the said category to the nominating bank against receipt and submit application along with main copy of IRC and the receipt to the nominating bank. (7) The banks shall deposit the money received as renewal fees to the Bangladesh Bank or to The Sonali Bank where there is no branch of Bangladesh Bank under the Head of Account “1/1731/0001/1801” separately.

The banks shall, in turn, shall make an endorsement under seal and signature on the IRC of the importer indicating the value ceiling of annual import and the rate of renewal fee applicable in his case and return the original IRC to the importer concerned. (9) Renewal Fees for the concerned financial year shall be paid within 30th September of that year without any surcharge. (10) All concerned Banks shall send a list of those indentors who have paid renewal fees to the concerned Import Control Authority within 1st week of every month. (11) Indentors and Exporter shall pay renewal fees for the concerned financial year within 30th September of that year without any surcharge.

Registration Certificate Renewal Book- All registered Importers, Exporters and Indentors must obtain a Registration Certificate Renewal Book for endorsement of information relating to the renewal. (13) An amount of Tk. 300 (three hundred) as fees for each renewal book shall be deposited through Treasury Chalan under Head of Account “1/1731/0001/1801”. (14) The Renewal Book shall be obtained together with the Registration Certificate in case of new Registration Certificate is issued. (15) Importers, Exporters and Indentors who have already received Registration Certificates shall obtain Renewal Books from their respective licensing office on submission of Chalan showing payment of fees. 4. General Provisions for Industrial Import

General rules for Import in the Industrial sector- Unless otherwise specified in this order—— (a) Industrial units approved on regular basis will be allowed to import up to three times of their regular import entitlement of the items, import of which is banned for commercial purpose and which are importable by industrial consumers only; (b) Industrial units approved on adhoc basis will be allowed to import up to the maximum value limit not exceeding two times of their half-yearly import entitlement; (c) After receiving the 1st adhoc share the concerned industrial units shall apply through the concerned sponsoring authority to the Chief Controller of Imports &amp; Exports for regularization of their import entitlement; (d) Import entitlement and IRC of the concerned industrial unit will be regularized on the basis of recommendation of the sponsoring authority, if 80% of the first adhoc share had been utilized.

Otherwise, clearance will be issued for the 2nd adhoc share; (e) Adhoc IRC of the concerned industrial unit shall not be renewed until the Chief Controller of Imports and Exports issues clearance for the 2nd adhoc share or regularizes its import entitlement on the basis of recommendation of the sponsoring authority; (f) If, after utilization of the 1st adhoc share, an industrial unit is allowed to utilize their 2nd adhoc share as per recommendation of the sponsoring authority instead of regularizing their import entitlement, the industrial unit, after utilization of the 2nd adhoc share, will be able to apply to the sponsoring authority for regularization of their import entitlement. The adhoc entitlement and the adhoc IRC will be regularized as per recommendation of the sponsoring authority.

The Rules of Import by Commercial Importers (1) Commercial import under cash foreign exchange or under Government Allocation- Commercial import will normally be made under cash foreign exchange; subject to availability of fund import of few commercial items may be allowed under Government allocation. In such cases the name of items, source of finance and other terms and conditions for commercial import will be notified by the Chief Controller from time to time.

Import of industrial raw and packing materials and spares by commercial importers- Industrial raw and packing materials and spares which do not occur in the banned and restricted lists shall be freely importable under cash foreign exchange by commercial importers. (3) Commercial import by Foreign Firms- Foreign Firms registered in Bangladesh under the companies Act, 1994 (Act No. XVIII of 1994) shall be allowed to import permissible commercial items against their commercial IRC, without any prior permission from the Chief Controller, However, in such cases of import of commercial items Foreign Firms shall inform the Office of the Chief Controller in writing the detailed information of the item (eg. HS code of the item, description of the item, quality, value, name and address of the exporting foreign firm etc. )before importation.

Import of capital machinery for commercial purpose- Commercial Importers may import permissible new and second hand or reconditioned items of industrial capital machinery &amp; generator or generating set and accessories under cash foreign exchange without any value limit for commercial purpose by observing the rules &amp; regulations of this order. 6. Foot note of the restricted lists The following goods shall not be importable:.

Maps, charts and geographical globes which do not indicate the territory of Bangladesh in accordance with the maps published by the Department of Survey, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh; (2) Horror comics, obscene and subversive literature including such pamphlets, posters, newspapers, periodicals, photographs, films, gramophone records and audio and video cassette tapes etc; (3) Books, newspapers, periodicals, documents and other papers, posters photographs, films, gramophone records, audio and video cassettes, tapes etc. containing matters likely to outrange the religious feelings and beliefs of any class of the citizens of Bangladesh.

Unless otherwise specified in this order, goods of secondary or sub-standard quality or below–standard or old, used, reconditioned goods or factory rejects and goods of job-lot/stock-lot; (5) Reconditioned office equipment, photocopier, type-writer machine, telex, phone, and fax; (6) Unless or otherwise specified in this order, all kinds of waste; (7) Goods (including their containers) bearing any words or inscriptions of a religious connotation the use or disposal of which may injure the religious feelings and beliefs of any class of the citizens of Bangladesh; (8) Goods (including their containers) bearing any obscene picture, writing inscription or visible representation; and (9) Import of live Swine and any item prepared from swine is banned.

Research Paper on Volleyball writing an essay help: writing an essay help

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team’s court under organized rules. [1] It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since 1964. The complete rules are extensive. But simply, play proceeds as follows: a player on one of the teams begins a ‘rally’ by serving the ball (tossing or releasing it and then hitting it with a hand or arm), from behind the back boundary line of the court, over the net, and into the receiving team’s court.

The receiving team must not let the ball be grounded within their court. The team may touch the ball up to 3 times but individual players may not touch the ball twice consecutively. Typically, the first two touches are used to set up for an attack, an attempt to direct the ball back over the net in such a way that the serving team is unable to prevent it from being grounded in their court. The rally continues, with each team allowed as many as three consecutive touches, until either (1): a team makes a kill, grounding the ball on the opponent’s court and winning the rally; or (2): a team commits a fault and loses the rally.

The team that wins the rally is awarded a point, and serves the ball to start the next rally. A few of the most common faults include: causing the ball to touch the ground or floor outside the opponents’ court or without first passing over the net; catching and throwing the ball; double hit: two consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same player; four consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same team; net foul: touching the net during play;foot fault: the foot crosses over the boundary line when serving.

The ball is usually played with the hands or arms, but players can legally strike or push (short contact) the ball with any part of the body. A number of consistent techniques have evolved in volleyball, including spiking and blocking (because these plays are made above the top of the net, the vertical jump is an athletic skill emphasized in the sport) as well as passing, setting, and specialized player positions and offensive and defensive structures.

Passion of the Career common app essay help: common app essay help

Passion of the Career Steve Pavlina, a self-help author, once said, “Passion and purpose go hand in hand. When you discover your purpose, you will normally find it’s something you’re tremendously passionate about. ” In the article “Follow a Career Passion? Let It Follow You,” Cal Newport shares his experiences of how he came to the conclusion of his career by letting traits lead to what he loves about his work and not necessarily passion.

He points out that in high school students are encouraged to follow their passion, but then comes the problem of not quite having an idea of one specific passion. The concept of having a certain passion can be quite intimidating and even leads to some people doubting if they really are in the right place once decided. When Newport considers his options he doesn’t want to focus on his passion but rather traits that he acquires like holding that sense of feeling knowing he is where he is supposed to be.

I agree with Newport to a certain extent. I think that you start with a small passion and that passion continues to grow with time. My own career passion involves a major in Communications as well as an associate degree in American Sign Language and I know that as long as I strive for success and don’t give up through the difficult times I can accomplish this. ASL has fascinated me since the first time I remember seeing a person sign. ASL is an intricate language that started in 1814 with Dr. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.

Gallaudet had a nine year old daughter who was deaf and because of his determination, he and a few others were able to start the first deaf school in the United States. Gallaudet had a passion for life, family, and friends so as he began to learn more and more about this language, so did his passion. Newport advises that, “Passion is not something you follow. It’s something that will follow you as you put in the hard work to become valuable to the world. ” Indeed Gallaudet did just this and helped start something that thousands have benefited from and continue to today.

ASL is now the third most common language in the US. Passion in this case was slowly accommodated and started with a person who simply enjoyed helping others and was able to put that to use in a way that not only aided his daughter but thousands of people as well. An interpreter for ASL has one main responsibility which is to make sure the deaf or hearing impaired individuals are able to grasp every piece of information the speaker is saying. This may sound easy but an interpreter must not only listen to what the speaker is saying, but also sign it back at practically the same time which can be difficult to keep up with.

A sign language interpreter can be used in a variety of situations. For instance, many interpreters work for schools, hospitals and government agencies. Like most jobs, becoming an ASL interpreter takes a unique person, one who has good memory, is an outgoing person who enjoys talking to others, and is not afraid to speak out. Interpreters are the voices for those cannot speak for themselves, therefore it is imperative for an interpreter to convey ideas and feelings exactly how they were meant.

In an article “IMA life,” Noel Fairbanks, a plant controller in San Antonio, Texas, writes “…love what you do, work hard to make a difference, become a subject matter expert in your field, surround yourself with supportive family and friends, and maintain a passion for lifelong learning. ” Fairbanks reminds the reader of the obvious characteristics to portray when in a career but she closes with and important statement about passion. Fairbanks conveys an idea that there can always be passion withheld in a job as long as one continues to look for opportunities to learn throughout life.

As an interpreter, passion continues to grow in life as new faces are seen, relationships begin to grow, and stories of the deaf are heard. There are many tasks and responsibility that an interpreter must overcome but with passion, all of these duties become possible. When becoming an interpreter it can be accomplished in a simple manner as long as the correct steps are taken. Some colleges offer ASL programs as a foreign language option. This allows students to get a degree in English, communications or a related field, while also getting the necessary training in ASL.

Students may also earn an associate or bachelor’s degree in ASL or sign language interpreting. As for me I will be getting my associates degree in American Sign Language and then transferring to a university to major in Communications. While at a university I am planning on going to a private institute strictly for American Sign Language, that way I can become fluent in sign language as well as have a degree in Communications to expand my choice of careers. Becoming an interpreter can take a lot of schooling but with determination and passion it can be enjoyable and will be well worth it when finished.

In an article “Leading with Purpose and Passion,” Steve Lacroix states that “This [career choice] is the passion that motivates you and compels you to lead with zeal and excitement in spite of all the challenges you encounter everyday…” Working up to becoming an interpreter can be difficult but quite possible when attaining passion. Newport also states that, “Passion is not something you follow. It’s something that will follow you as you put in the hard work to become valuable to the world.

” Both authors conclude that passion plays an important role in a career, an individual can start with passion but that passion can also progress as the one continues to pursue that career. An ASL interpreter contributes to the world in many great ways. Other than lacking the ability to hear, individuals who are deaf are the same as one who can hear, thus making interpreting a huge role in the scheme of society. Interpreters give hearing impaired individuals the opportunity to ability to participate and almost any activity they desire.

For instance, when I was in high school I had a friend named Derrick who was and he was able to attend my high school because he had a personal interpreter that attended all his classes with him. The interpreter gave Derrick the chance to receive an education in the public school system instead of a school for only the deaf impaired. In turn if I become an interpreter I will contribute to the greater good of society by giving the deaf a voice and helping them to understand and learn about everything the world has to offer whether I interpret for children and help them receive and education or be an aid to the ill in hospitals.

I agree with Newport and his idea about passion but I also think that one starts with a small passion and that passion continues to grow with time. My own career passion involves a major in Communications as well as an associate degree in American Sign Language and I know that as long as I strive for success and don’t give up through the difficult times I can accomplish this.

The Great Gatsby online essay help: online essay help

Support your answer by close reference to Fitzgerald’s writing. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald creates a most unpleasant character in the form of Tom Buchanan. Fitzgerald achieves this primarily by consistently showing Buchanan’s unpleasant characteristics to the reader in every situation where we meet him. Buchanan is displayed as a selfish, controlling and physically dominant bully who disregards care for anyone, including his wife, to get what he wants.

He is also incredibly prejudice and not particularly intelligence and his racist views make him even more unpleasant, particularly to a modern audience. In, addition to his own characteristics, Buchanan is also unpleasant as he represents the immorality and materialistic nature of “Roaring Twenties”. A chief characteristic of Buchanan is his selfishness. He selfishly pursues his desires with no regard for the consequences. His infidelities are a good example of this when we learn the he had a “little spree” in Chicago, an affair with a chambermaid just after his honeymoon, and Myrtle is just the latest of his mistresses.

In addition, because Buchanan is of the “old money” East Egg ilk, he treats those self-made (such as Gatsby) with conceited contempt. For example he describes Gatsby, despite his vast wealth, as “Mr. Nobody from Nowhere”. This conceited disposition means he spends money freely and treats people poorly without any justification, an truly unpleasant characteristics. Fitzgerald focuses descriptions of Buchanan on his physicality. His wife Daisy describes him as “… a brute of a man, a great, big, hulking physical specimen”.

Buchanan’s appearance is linked to his physical behavior and his need to be in control at all times. According to Nick Caraway the narrator, his clothes fail to hide his “cruel body”, just as his sophistication and money can’t hide his brutal nature. Moreover, Buchanan is cold and rude in a constant effort to demonstrate his superiority and control over others. WHen he is buying Myrtle a dog he challenges the salesman, “That’s no police dog”, and then overrules him, “‘It’s a bitch,’ said Tom decisively”. Interestingly, in this exchange Buchanan also shows a disregard for money

which lets him control the lower classes. When he says “Here’s your money. Go and buy ten more dogs”, Buchanan simultaneously insults the salesman by implying he’s dishonestly overpriced the dog, while showing that he is so wealthy it doesn’t matter to him how much the dog costs. Lastly, Tom’s language also shows that he likes to be in control, he regularly uses the personal pronoun “I”, for example telling Nick “I’ve got a nice place here” rather than “we’ve”, thus he excludes Daisy. Continuing on with these characteristics Fitzgerald consistently portrays Buchanan as a bully.

Buchanan bullies both verbally and physically. On the verbal side of his actions Buchanan silences any opposition by interrupting and talking over other people. In his first appearance, he interrupts both Daisy and Jordan so he can make his point. Moreover, Tom uses orders to control people, he ends his first conversation with Nick by turning him around “abruptly” and telling him “We’ll go inside. ” Lastly, in Chapter 7 he verbally insults Gatsby in an attempt to drive Daisy back into his arms. Such a vitriolic attack causes Daisy to beg “Please, Tom!

I can’t stand this any more. ” and causes the reader to view Buchanan as an even more unpleasant person. To make matters even worse, Buchanan shows he is also vindictive, after he’s ended Gatsby’s dalliance with Daisy he makes them travel home together, almost adding insult to injury as he knows that Gatsby is no longer a threat to him. Fitzgerald also displays Buchanan’s stupidity, or at the very least general ignorance, and his incredibly prejudiced views. Of course, often Fitzgerald displays both these attributes at the same time.

Fitzgerald tells us Buchanan is a racist who worries that immigrants will challenge his privileged existence. He fears that ‘the white race will be… utterly submerged’ and that society will one day allow “intermarriage between black and white”. Buchanan’s racism could be a front for his fear that the “new rich” will over turn the class system that he so much enjoys being on top of. His lack of intelligence and racism is also shown very well in Chapter 1 where he gives an incoherent argument about the collapse of the “Nordic” rule of civilization (of which he believed himself and Nick to be a part of).

Of course a lack of intelligence does not make a character unpleasant, however, in Buchanan’s case his stupidity is shown through his racist remarks which is really rather unpleasant. Lastly, throughout the entire book Fitzgerald shows the reader the hypocrisy of the ‘Jazz Age’ or the ‘Roaring Twenties’ and this is reflected in Buchanan’s actions. Firstly, he is appalled when he learns of Daisy’s affair with Gatsby, but he is himself a serial philanderer. In addition, he criticises Gatsby for “sneering at family life”, but “was God knows where” when his daughter was born.

In fact, whilst Buchanan sets a high level of class and moral standard to others, Nick notes that he moves “from libertine to prig” and thus has no morals himself. Furthermore, in accordance with the time period Buchanan’s wealth and sense of superiority makes him “careless” and uncaring. Nick summarises Tom and Daisy’s behavior when he says “they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money… and let other people clean up the mess… ” This lack of care, this “careless[ness]” is an unpleasant characteristic.

In conclusion, the entirety of Buchanan’s character is unpleasant. Not only is he controlling, selfish, a bully, a hypocrite and a racist but he is so confident and sure in his decisions and actions that it is even more unpleasant. Fitzgerald shows that Buchanan is not only an unpleasant man, but that through his sense of entitlement he is “careless” and has no regard for anyone or anything else other than himself. That is without doubt his most unpleasant trait.

When People Need to Complain About a Product or Poor Service professional essay help: professional essay help

When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefere to complain in writing other prefer to complain in person. Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. When it comes to complaining about products that don’t sadisfy my expectations, I prefer to complain in person. Altough a lot of people may prefer to complain in writing, I think that complaining in person is more efficient. Writing a letter or an email can hepl you to structure better your complain but you are clearly missing the direct contact with the responsable person.

Complaing in person is the easiest way to talk directly with the person in charge instead of writing a letter and don’t know who will answer you or even if you will ever receive an answer. For example my sister bought a laptop that was defect. She wrote a letter and didn’t receive an answer. When she finally went to the computer shop to complain the service of the customer care solved the problem immediately by giving her a new laptop. Also they felt really sorry because of the inconvenience they caused my sister.

Another reason to complain directly in the shop is that you can explain better what the problem is. While you are talking with the responsible persons, they could ask you new questions that you didn’t think about in the first place. In this way they save time to understand what the problem ist and solve it. Once my cousin was working in a call center for a big mobile company, where they were also responding to emails in which customers described their problems with the products.

He explained to me that the avarage customer doesn’t have a clear idea of how to explain the problem in the right way so that the experts can not solve it quickly. The results are a lot of useless emails and a lot of wasted time. All this could be evaded going directly to the shop. Even if in these days a lot of shops are working online with e-commerce and the customer service is just an anonymous call center, in my opinion it would be even more important to go out of the anonymity and to support shops that are offering a customer service in real life.

Entrepreneur, Hair Salon Queen essay help online: essay help online

Owning a business is something that I’ve always wanted to do since I became old enough to understand the real world. What I didn’t realize was the amount of schooling, money, time and hard work along with labor was required. I used to think as a young child that all you had to do was buy a building and turn it into whatever business you wanted.

In this paper I interviewed a hair salon/barber shop owner by the name of Francette Jean-Louis. She has been in business for a little over 25 years. I believe she has the keys to succeed and in this text you will see. The Type of Business I chose to interview Francette because of two reasons. One reason is because she is my mother’s beautician and a very close family friend. The second reason is because she owns a business that I will someday own my very own. The type of business Francette owns is a hair salon/barber shop by the name of Nu Look Salon and Barber Shop.

The types of services that she offers in her shop are hair care and styling services, barber services, along with facial and skin care services. Francette’s Dream The business is a local business. She chose to operate this way because she likes to keep her shop family oriented and close to what she considers a busy part of the city. As I interviewed Francette I asked her, out of all things she could have gotten into for business why choose this? Well to my knowledge she had the response that I would have had if someone were to ask me the very same question.

Since she was a young girl she has always had the desire to be a hair stylist. She used to have little baby dolls and would do their hair, she also has a younger sister that when they were younger, experiment in her hair also. So this was something that she always wanted to do. As she got older, she started brainstorming ways she would go about making this her life long career. Dream to Reality Francette is originally from Haiti. So growing up there she knew that in order to make her dreams become into reality she had to make her way to the land full of opportunities… America!

Prior to her leaving Haiti, she was met whose now her husband; Romeus Jean-Louis. Romeus was well aware of Francette’s dream. She made her money by offering her services to people around her community for a small fee, which is actually how she met her husband. Romeus wanted a better life for the both of them, so they made their way to the states. Once they made it to the states, it took several years to become established and Francette had to put a hold on her dream. Once the both of them got their feet on the ground, she then expressed her interest in hair again.

Francette and Romeus then worked hard to gain the funds necessary to put her through cosmetology school. She obtained both her cosmetology and business license after three years of hard work. The Next Step Not too long after Francette obtained her licenses, Romeus decided to pursue a barber’s license. He thought it would be a great idea to assist his wife in her venture to success. So they decided to make it a partnership. They started off small and turned the garage of their family home into a small beauty salon. Francette stated during the interview to me that she would have rather went into the business as a partnership.

She named to me some advantages and disadvantages to having a partnership type of business. One of the advantages that stood out to me was the fact that she said she could sometimes lack the perspective on certain situations, may it be financial or just dealing with customers, her husband being her partner would come and handle whatever it was that she couldn’t at the moment. A disadvantage to her was the fact that because her partner is her husband they are constantly with each other. There is never that space needed between them which caused problems in the past.

She also mentioned the financial part, which could also create a wedge between the two of them. The Standards Francette expressed her position on ethical behavior and responsibility to me by her telling me during the interview, that she finds ways to maintaining her employees and their well-being. By doing that she’s sure that her customers’ well-being will be well taken care of. So by taking care of her employees, her employees are taking care of the customers; in return that takes care of her business. Challenges and Rewards Francette has indeed faced challenges over time of having her business.

It started with the most common challenge a business could face: finances. When she had her beauty salon in her garage it was because they didn’t have enough money to rent a spot to open up. Her and her husband eventually gained the funds needed to rent a building and start the real deal. Now that she has had several different spots that her business has moved to because of their finances. She now has an establishment that her and her husband has maintained for some years now. This is a major upgrade and accomplishment. There is always rewards that come with any business.

Francette’s biggest reward is to see customers leave satisfied with the end result. The customers then become repeat customers, and refer her shop to other people, who in return become repeat customers, that consistently bring in more clientele. Community Benefits Francette and her husband Romeus benefits the community locally, by offering tax services once a year for anyone who would like to get their taxes filed by a professional. Where the benefit that her business really offers to the community doesn’t happen locally. Francette and her husband gave back to their hometown community in Haiti.

They constantly do humanitarian missions to help the people in Haiti. She and her husband has aided in opening up a church and small school house in Haiti. I admire her for the way they give back to the Haitian community. New Opportunities Francette and her husband believe that a way for them to gain more opportunities for business are to go out and watch, look and listen to what the needs of the community are and compares it to what they already have to offer in their business and try to correlate it to enhance their business. Keys to Success

Now as I stated before Francette has been my mother’s beautician for as long as I have been on this earth. So I figured that she is apparently doing something right. She has been at it for years and has yet to fail. So knowing this it brought me to asking her what was her keys to success. This response to me was quite obvious… she offers her clients quality services. Francette maintains the qualities by making sure her employees are always comfortable in the work environment and being sure they have everything needed to offer quality services to the customers; such as, the proper equipment, and supplies.

Possible Regrets As I came to the conclusion of my interview with Francette, I was curious and eager to know if she had any regrets to having her business. Or even things that she would do differently if she had to do it all over again. Francette stated that there was nothing she would do over again. She believes that all the speed bumps that her and her husband went through for their business to work are what made their business what it is today. To her it built the foundation to their success.

She also believes that God doesn’t put people through anything that they cannot handle, but he will run you through the dirt in order for you to learn what’s necessary to become great. Which she said was in God’s plan for her. Conclusion To wrap this all up, I believe that the future of Francette’s business is nothing more than further success. I think that this business can possibly become a chain of Nu Look salons and expand the brand. I would indeed invest into this business because to me the services that this business offers will never perish. It’s almost like having a mechanic shop.

As long as there are vehicles on the face of this earth, people will always need something in or on their vehicle fixed. The same way humans will always grow hair on their heads, they will always have the needs of hair care. Francette and her family are well known in the Haitian community and the way they give back is admired by many, including me. Her salon will go on for as long as they allow it to. It’s something I believe will be succeeded and always be around.

Dystopian Disaster essay help service: essay help service

A Dystopian Masterpiece In his short story, “Harrison Bergeron”, author Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. tells about a society, or America, in the future being ruled by a totalitarian government, whose number one law, is equality. Everyone is treated equally by law; no one is smarter, faster, stronger or more beautiful than another. The people of the society are forced to conform to handicaps by wearing weights around their neck or masks to hide a beautiful face. Vonnegut shows how far people are willing to go for equality and putting people in degrading situations just to make them equal.

Is someone truly equal in a dystopian society, where being above average is not normal and being almost dumb is almost completely normal? In order to demonstrate Harrison Bergeron is living under dystopian society, the reader must examine a society were there are too many laws, in which is the public is being regulated by the state, everyone being forced to conform. One of the qualities of a dystopian society is being regulated by the state; every move made by the public is being watched, making sure that no one is above equality.

Equality is taken very seriously, so serious that it became “the 211th, 212th and the 213th amendment to the Constitution” (1). This shows that at least a few centuries ago when the constitution was written there were just enough amendments but now in 2081 there is more then two hundred. So many amendments, each time a new amendment is added little of equality is taken away. Anyone who was of above average intelligence, beauty, or strength was required to wear a handicap, weights around their neck or an earpiece tuned to the government.

Tampering with these weights would automatically give “two years in prison and a two thousand dollar fine” (2). These weights weighed over forty-five pounds, who would not want to rid that, but is that the price they must pay for equality. Vonnegut character Harrison Bergeron who was above average intelligence, physical strength and beauty was required to wear a handicap, by the state. Harrison wore scrap metal around his neck and “rubber nose” to hide his beauty. People weren’t allowed to do anything without the government being involved, not even a train of thought.

They had to bare those heavy weights, all day for their rest of their lives. Vonnegut short story takes equality a step up from the stairs of equality, putting the public in dehumanized and degrading situation. Hazel being of average intelligence was considered normal although she “couldn’t think about anything but in short bursts” (1) which goes to show she is to dumb to pose a threat to the handicap generals. While Harrison on the other hand, was above average, had to wear heavy handicaps such as “tremendous pair of head phones and spectacles with thick lenses” (3 Vonnegut).

This was all to weigh him down because he posed a threat with his above average intelligence and physical strength. The state was so afraid of people like him they made him wear those handicaps, now is that really fair. Someone is slightly larger slightly beautiful they have to hide it. Where does that put people, making them dumber rather then helping them, or keeping someone caged up to the point he will rebel. Then there’s the ballerina how had to wear a “hideous mask” (1 Vonnegut) to hide her above average beauty, had to apologize for her voice.

When she spoke it was with “a very unfair voice for a woman” (3). If your voice is lovely or soothing you cannot use it, it is unfair and possibly punishable by law. Equality is taken a bit too extreme when someone has to apologize for tone of voice. In a utopian society there are not many laws, in “Harrison Bergeron”, there are too many laws with all those amendments. George Bergeron being above average intelligence is “required by law to wear it at all times” (1) to wear an ear piece, it is tuned to the government so they’d and goes off “every twenty seconds” (1) forbidding him to have a train of thought.

George cant even remember his son or think about something without a noise going off in his ear. How can someone have a proper conversation with a noise going off in the ear every twenty seconds? This shows a dystopian quality, independent thought being limited or restricted. In this society breaking the law can even cause death. By the time Harrison removed his weights and escaped and took over a television broad cast to dance with a ballerina, at that point “Diana Glump Handicapper General came in to the studio with a double barrel gun and shot twice”(3).

They dies instantly, a world with no jurisdiction or chances, the ballerina did not even have a say in it, it could have been handled differently. Instead, the situation is handled with violence, yet another dystopian quality. A dystopian society has laws, and is ruled by the government, Harrison Bergeron shows this, in no way is it utopian. This goes on to show that Harrison Bergeron is indeed a dystopian society. Its is controlled by a totalitarian government, and their behaviors are regulated by the state. Vonnegut wanted to show American in the future as a dystopia society, showing that America will go overboard for equality.

Also by making people lead a dehumanized live by being handicapped forever. This short story contains all the qualities of a dystopian society, not being able to think or under watch of the state, but everyone is used to it. Vonnegut showed that people can let things get out of hand and be taken to extreme levels. One by one, tweak this hear tweak that there, when will it stop.

Pit Bulls computer science essay help: computer science essay help

American societies famous bully breeds is too often stereotyped as malicious animals, but that stereotype is false due to evidence that pit bulls can be just as loving as the iconic golden retriever. According to the American Temperament Test, which is a test that focuses on and measures different aspects of temperament such as stability, shyness, aggressiveness, friendliness and self-preservation in the face of a threat shows that Pit Bulls have a temperament of 86.8%, (American Temperament Test Society) a much higher percentage than other breeds which justifies that these animals can withstand a higher tolerance of aggressiveness.

If this is the case, why are Pit Bulls one of the most discriminated dog breeds in today’s society? Due to irresponsible owners, Pit Bulls have been labeled cruel and violent animals, leading people to be frightened for themselves, their children, and their pets. By experience and owning a pit bull for oneself, people would begin to understand something entirely different.

Pit Bulls are a misunderstood breed; they are one of the most loving and loyal breeds that deserves a fair chance just like any other dog would, but because of irresponsible owners, and their negligence toward teaching their pit bulls the right mannerisms this may never happen. The reputation of the Pit Bull has taken a dramatic downfall in the past few decades due to negative publicity. Originally, Pit Bulls were considered to be  “American darlings”; during WWI they were claimed to be the sweetest and most loving dogs a person could own, but in the 1980’s the view of the “American darlings” changed due to an illegal “sport”, dogfighting.

Although dogfighting is illegal in all fifty states, inhumane persons who participate in the sport choose pit bulls because of their strong physique and loyal personality, which contribute to the stereotype of all pit bulls being violent due to the public only viewing them as fighters. A famous example of this is the widely known scandal around NFL player Michael Vick, who was convicted of running Pit bull fighting kennels in Smithfield, VA. The outcome of this case brought on more discrimination toward Pit bulls in general.

Although Pit Bulls were viewed badly, people still used them as the preferred guard dog not only for the bad as in drug houses and gang members, but also as one would get any dog, to use them as protection for their property. In 1987 an incident regarding a Pit Bull and a two-year-old sent red flags up for this prestigious breed. A pit bull that was under the care of an irresponsible owner had the dog guarding an illegal marijuana crop, in California, when a two-year-old boy who was unsupervised was wandering around and fell victim to the pit bull.

This attack was immediately publicized because of the pit bull being involved as the main concern, which made the reputation of Pit Bulls sink even lower. People began to think that Pit Bulls were heartless killers, due to the mis-training of their owners. The public was misinformed; they did not know that the child was wandering around unsupervised in an enclosed area. This situation would create a threat to any guard dog, not just a Pit Bull, and the outcome would have been the same. Because of that horrible mistake, the Pit Bull was killed. In a situation like this, it is in no way the Pit Bull’s fault; he was merely doing his job.

Rather, it is the owner’s fault for not clearly training him and the parent’s fault for being careless with their child. This was brought to the courts attention and soon thoughts of a ban against Pit bulls were raised. The public was outraged by this attack and proposed a ban on Pit bulls. This ban was granted throughout 39 or more cities and states without the consent of any animal professionals or the owners of this breed. These bans lead to the death of many innocent Pit Bulls in many areas. Many Cities reportedly spent over two hundred and fifty thousand dollars in rounding up and killing these animals.

Devastated owners had their animals confiscated and killed without warning. In Tijeras, New Mexico, the ban was so strictly enforced that animal control officers were allowed to kill any Pit Bull seen on sight without compensation to the owner. Due to their misunderstood reputation, people made rash decisions that affected the lives of many loving Pit Bulls that never stood a chance. They have even become a “liability” due to their “overly violent” personalities and because of this have been banned from many areas in the United States. One thing that frightens people the most is a Pit Bulls jaw.

While they do have one of the strongest jaws, it is not the strongest. Dr. I. Lerh Brisbin, of the University of Georgia, states, “The few studies, which have been conducted of the structure of the skulls, mandibles and teeth of Pit Bulls show, that, in proportion to their size, their jaw structure and thus its inferred functional morphology, is no different than that of any [other] breed of dog. There is absolutely not evidence for the existence of any kind of ‘locking mechanism’ unique to the structure of the jaw and/or teeth of the American Pit Bull Terrier.

” There is no evidence to prove that Pit Bulls have unique jaws or any lethal “lockjaw”. The “lockjaw” method is learned through training, it is not a special killing tool, and once again the owner creates this issue for the breed. Pit Bulls are not the only kind of dog to be able to do this; most breeds can. The difference is people are already scared of Pit Bulls, so they continue to publicize it much more than the other breeds. Christina Berry, writer for The Lazy Pit Bull states, “Pit Bulls are the most discriminated dog in the US.

This is in part because there are so many myths surrounding them, which makes some people believe they’re not suitable for adoption. This is not true. A rescued Pit Bull can make a wonderful companion. ” Once people realize this, then Pit Bull adoption rates will rise and they can be put into good homes. These animals need someone that will take care of them and love them. That is all that is required for a happy dog and no accidents will be encountered. If these animals were provided the rights training and proper care than there would not be any worry about owning one of these animals.

There are many precautions that have to be taken when owning these animals. Such as; proper housing and fencing, this contributes to a safe environment where these animals can roam and live without the disturbance of others. Also a calm and secluded area where no one can be around or taunt the animal in its own territory. When these animals are out in the public they should be constantly under supervision, this will allow you to know what the animal is doing at all time and give the proper amount of time to react if the Pit Bull feels threatened.

Throughout the awful times many people continue to stand by Pit Bulls, these people are the ones that have experienced owning this loving creature and understand that the bad reputation Pit Bulls have is merely a misconception. I believe that Pit Bulls are the greatest breed a family could have. I have had fourteen Pit Bulls and each one was very special to me. They are very playful, confident, strong, humorous, loving, but most of all loyal. They will do anything for their owners. They are just like any other dog, but unfortunately they are not seen the same.

Not one of my Pit Bulls ever harmed or attacked any other animal or human. They continuously proved themselves to being the sweetest animals that many have had the great fortune to meet. “What normal, other dogs can do, like jump on somebody or behave like a dog, a Pit Bull can do that and be deemed dangerous,” (Kingsbury) Unless people start taking the time to get to know the extraordinary breed that Pit Bulls are, they will never be able to understand their true personality or help them. Pit Bulls need to stop being looked at as monsters and killing machines, they are just like any other dog.

They are loving, trusting, loyal, and fun. Pit Bulls are a wonderful versatile breed and are used for many different purposes; Fighting is not the only thing they excel at. They are a breed always focused and determined to please it’s owner, thus if we start using them for the right purposes these dogs make wonderful therapy, guide, rescue, service, weight pulling, but most of all companion dogs. “Pit Bulls love people. Although this breed frequently gets a bad rap in the media, if you have ever met a Pit Bull that was raised by a loving, conscientious family then you will understand how much they like to be with people.

 All they need is the right kind of guidance, and owner. Pit Bulls are just like any other pet that one takes into their home, these dogs are wrongly named and deceived for the acts they are trained by their owners to do. JRL Solutions states, “It is in actuality the humans who continue to make a series of hasty or ignorant mistakes that are helping to perpetuate the bad reputation this breed has gained over the last decade. ” If a law should pass against these dogs, it should be the law to mandate the right methods of training.

To punish these dogs and classify them as malicious or dangerous is a hypocritical judgment as any dog, small, medium, or large could be classified into these categories. After much research and experience as I have had my fair share in taking responsibility and care of this precious breed, it is safe to say that society should rethink their opinions and misconceptions of these dogs. It is proven that they were the “American darlings” of our time, they have the tolerance to withstand aggressiveness, and they are one of the most loyal companions any man could ask for.

Angus Bethune Paper essay help online: essay help online

The Struggles of Angus Bethune “I just wanted to let you know things aren’t always as they appear,” is a big lesson that Angus Bethune learns throughout this story. Angus is a teenager who is forced to struggle with people making fun of him because of his weight and his parent’s sexual orientation. Angus has learned to stand up for himself and how to cope with people bullying him. He has had to deal with people making comments about his parents and their decisions for as long as he can remember. He has always had a crush on a girl is his school names Melissa.

It isn’t until the school dance that Angus gets to know Melissa and she teaches him a valuable lesson. At the school dance Angus faces his fears and dances with Melissa even though he is a terrible dancer. Angus Bethune is a character who sticks up for himself, is a terrible dancer, and learns an important lesson and I can relate to him throughout this novel. Angus has learned how to stand up for himself over the past few years and he shows this by facing one of the most popular kids in school, Rick Stanford.

Rick is dating Melissa and as soon as Melissa is supposed to dance with Angus, Rick becomes defensive. Angus gets angry when Rick tries to bring his parents into the fight. He has had enough teasing about it and he finally speaks up to Rick telling him to be quite. Angus swept his feet under Rick’s and he soon surrenders in defeat. Once Angus stood up for himself, he had to face his fears and dance with Melissa even though he was terrified to. Angus knew that he was a terrible dancer, yet he still decided to go and face his fears.

Once he started dancing with Melissa he realized it wasn’t that bad and he ended up having the best time dancing with the girl of his dreams. When I was younger, I had a similar experience with soccer. All my friends wanted to play soccer, but I was terrible at it so I would just watch. It wasn’t until the boy who I had a huge crush on asked me to play a game with him that I faced my fears and decided to join in. I wasn’t amazing at the sport, but I had fun being a part of the team instead of watching. While Angus was dancing with Melissa, she told him a one of her biggest secrets.

Melissa tells Angus that she is bulimic and that nothing is as perfect as it seems on the outside. This makes Angus feel so much better because even the one person who he thought was perfect has her own problems. Angus finally feels a little better about himself and learns to except his parents more. This reminds me of the time my dad got laid off. Things were tough in my house for about three years and I thought that no one else understood, until my friend’s dad was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

It was this drastic event that made me realize my family didn’t have it so bad. That one day we could get through this and that there were worse things that could have happened to us. Angus Bethune’s life changed for the better the night he decided to go to the school dance. He finally stood up for his family and showed everyone how personal he did take all of their rude comments. Angus got over his fear of dancing and got to spend the night with the girl of his dreams. Melissa taught Angus a very important lesson, which was that everything is not always what it seems to be.

Health and Safety best essay help: best essay help

This unit provides learners with the knowledge and skills to contribute to supporting children and young people’s health and safety. Learning outcomes There are seven learning outcomes to this unit. The learner will be able to: 1. Know the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting 2. Be able to recognise risks and hazards in the work setting and during off site visits 3. Know what to do in the event of a non medical incident or emergency 4.

Know what to do in the event of a child or young person becoming ill or injured 5. Be able to follow the work setting procedures for reporting and recording accidents, incidents, emergencies and illnesses 6. Be able to follow infection control procedures 7. Know the work setting’s procedures for receiving, storing and administering medicines Guided learning hours It is recommended that 26 hours should be allocated for this unit, although patterns of delivery are likely to vary. Details of the relationship between the unit and relevant national standards This unit is linked to: • CCLD202.

Support of the unit by a sector or other appropriate body This unit is endorsed by Skills for Care and Development. Assessment This unit will be assessed by: • candidate portfolio of evidence. Learning Outcome 6 must be assessed in a real work environment. Simulation is not allowed. The unit must be assessed in accordance with Skills for Care and Development’s QCF Assessment Principles. These have been included within the Centre requirements section of this handbook. Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01)

Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Be able to recognise risks and hazards in the work setting and during off site visits Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Explain why a safe but challenging environment is important for children and young people 2. Identify the differences between risk and hazard 3. Identify potential hazards to the health, safety and security of children or young people in the work setting 4. Contribute to health and safety risk assessment in areas of the work setting and for off site visits. Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01)

Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Know what to do in the event of a non medical incident or emergency Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Identify non medical incidents and emergencies that may occur in the work setting 2. Outline the actions to take in response to the following situations: a. fires b. security incidents c. emergency incidents. Additional Guidance Incidents and emergencies may include: • Incidents – all types • Emergencies such as missing children or young people, evacuation 78

Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01) Unit 009 Outcome 4 Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Know what to do in the event of a child or young person becoming ill or injured Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Identify the signs and symptoms which may indicate that a child or young person is injured or unwell 2. Identify circumstances when children or young people may need urgent medical attention 3. Outline own role and responsibilities in the event of a child or young person requiring urgent medical attention.

Additional Guidance Injuries or illnesses may include: • Recognising signs of illness such as fever, rashes, diarrhoea, sickness • Recognising sign of injury, such as fractures and unconsciousness Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01) 79 Unit 009 Outcome 5 Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Be able to follow the work setting procedures for reporting and recording accidents, incidents, emergencies and illnesses Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Describe the reporting procedures for accidents, incidents, emergencies and illnesses 2.

Complete work place documentation for recording accidents, incidents, emergencies and illnesses. 80 Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01) Unit 009 Outcome 6 Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Be able to follow infection control procedures Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Outline procedures for infection control in own work setting 2. Describe personal protective clothing that is used to prevent spread of infection 3. Demonstrate use of personal protective clothing to avoid spread of infection.

Demonstrate how to wash and dry hands to avoid the spread of infection 5. Demonstrate safe disposal of waste to avoid the spread of infection. Level 2 Certificate for the Children & Young People’s Workforce (4227-01) 81 Unit 009 Outcome 7 Contribute to Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Know the work setting’s procedures for receiving, storing and administering medicines Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Identify the procedures of the work setting governing the receipt, storage and administration of medicines 2. Explain how the procedures of the work setting protect both children and young people and practitioners.

Practice and Principles of Nursing writing essay help: writing essay help

Principles and Practices of Nursing We will describe collaborating with other health care professionals in the management of health care, and what should be done according to this regulation. (Oklahoma Board of Nursing, 2011). We will describe confidentiality and discuss how it affects the Nurses professional decision making in this Case study. We will discuss the ethical implications of placing this patient on the ventilator.

We will discuss things the Patients brother Mr.Y should consider before agreeing to allow Dr. K to place the Patient Mr. E on the ventilator, and facts that affect the Patients Advance Directive. We will discuss violations of HIPAA seen in this Case Study. We will discuss the conduct of the Nurses in this case study. We will discuss the steps the professional Nurse should take based on the ANA code of ethics. Collaboration is not just cooperation, it is the combined efforts of a team to provide the best care possible (Nursing World, 2010). The Physician and nurse should be working together to achieve the best care for this Patient.

The Nurse and Physician should discuss the Patients condition and wishes and the wishes of the family if the Patient is incapable of making decisions for himself (Nursing World, 2010). The nurse and Physician should make certain the patients brother knows about the advance directive, so he will be able to make an informed decision about his brother’s care. Confidentiality is very important in the medical field. Confidentiality represents a relationship between Patient and care giver of trust and respect for his privacy (Nursing World, 2010).

If a Patient is unsure of privacy then the communication will be adversely affected. The Nurse in this scenario should never discuss patients in the dining area, the waiting room, or anywhere else that privacy can not be guaranteed (Nursing World, 2010). The nurse should never discuss the patients condition with family members if they do not have medical power of attorney or been given permission by the medical power of attorney to do so (Nursing World, 2010). The nurse should not discuss patient with other staff members unless they are directly responsible for giving care and have a need to know (Nursing World, 2010).

This Patient has signed an Advance Directive and has named his brother as Power of Attorney (Nursing World, 2010 ). This fact was never discussed with the brother before this Patient was put on the Ventilator. The patients brother was not the one who gave permission for the procedure to put patient on the ventilator(Nursing World, 2010). The brother needs to tconsider these facts before giving Dr. K permission to place the patient on the ventilator. The patient has a low oxygen level of 88%. He has a low grade temp of 101 degree F.

His mental capacity may not be adequate to make this decision without assistance (Nursing World, 2010). The brother needs to consider the fact that the patient had the Advance Directive before he became ill, and consider his ability to make decisions at the time he signed the advance directive (Nursing World, 2010). There were several HIPAA violations noted in this scenario. The physician spoke to the niece about the condition of the patient without consent of the power of attorney or the patient (Sheahan, 2011).

The nurse spoke to other staff who were not directly responsible for the care of this patient (Sheahan, 2011). The nurse also discussed patient information in a very public place where anyone could overhear the conversation (Sheahan, 2011). The nurse who was directly responsible for this patient did not advocate for this patients rights. The nurse had information that she never gave to anyone in a position to make decisions for this patient (Nursing World, 2010 ). The nurses used derogatory language when speaking of this patient (Nursing World, 2010).

The nurses had no consideration for the patients privacy or dignity in this scenerio. None of the nurses offered to help educate the nurse who admitted she knew nothing of HIPAA. The Nurse needs to protect the Patients privacy at all times. The nurse should Advocate for the Patients rights to refuse treatment or have his Power of Attorney make this decision for him (Nursing World, 2010). The nurse needs to insist the Physician or she herself speak with the brother again to clarify that the niece could give permission to place Patient on Ventilator before the procedure is performed.

The nurse should never have gone to lunch before she had obtained permission from the power of attorney to allow the procedure to be performed. The Nurse should also give her fellow employees in the cafateria a copy of the Nurse Practice acts of Oklahoma, the Nurses Code of Ethics and HIPAA. She needs to be certain that all of the nurses involved including herself understands all three of these papers. The nurse should request that they not speak in a derogatory fashion of any patient, and make certain they understand that they are in violation of the nursing code of ethics and HIPAA (Nursing World, 2010).

We have discussed the nursing regulation collaborating with other health professionals in the management of health care, it’s importance, and what the health care team should do in this situation (Nursing World, 2010 ). We have discussed confidentiality, and the professional Nurses role in maintaining confidentiality. We have discussed the ethical implications of putting this Patient on the ventilator. We have discussed things his Brother needs to know and consider before making this decision for the patient and things that could interfere with the Advance Directive. We found several HIPAA violationa. We have discussed the conduct of the nurses in this scenerio. We have discussed the things the professional nursw should do.

Competition Benefits essay help services: essay help services

What would life be like without competition? Competition is a feeling of being better than the other competitors; such as the coworkers in the workplace. Most people at workplaces compete by working harder and harder just to prove to their employers that they are the best employees. Having a competitive spirit benefits employees and employers, as well as their businesses. Competitors are the ones who want to take themselves to the next level.

Its most of the employees’ desire to get promoted at their workplace, but the ones who really get promoted are those who are willing to put their best effort in their job. If employees are willing to compete, it means they are ready to expand their skills at their workplace. Competition helps employees to feel the need to grow. For example, if someone at his/her workplace doesn’t feel the need to compete, he/she won’t be able to sustain his position. Even if someone is at the top level at his/her workplace, he/she still needs to compete in order to maintain his/her position.

Having a competitive spirit is beneficial to the person since it causes motivation to improve on his/her capabilities. Allowing employees to compete helps not only them, but the businesses as well. It’s a common belief that without competition there will be less improvements and inventions. For example, if a TV manufacturer pays its employees to work Zadooryan 2 carefully when producing the TVs, the same competitor company that makes TVs may pay even more money to its employees just to compete with other TV manufacturers in having products with a better quality.

However, if the two companies don’t try to improve their products in order to look better than each other, then TV’s won’t get better and better everyday. In other words, competition among employees helps the company as a whole to expand, rather than just helping the employees to move up within the same company. Opponents might think that competition is detrimental for employees. They may argue that competition is harmful because it never lets employees feel satisfied, and they always seek for more. However, competition is part of a human nature.

Plus, if there were no one on Earth with a competitive spirit, then the twenty first century wouldn’t as different as the first century. Although competition may make the person feel that he/she is not happy with his/her position, it will make the person want to try harder to improve his position. Feeling the need to grow in essential for employees. A competitive spirit helps both employees and employers in everyway possible as long as it’s in healthy circumstances. Employees won’t be able to move forward and get better without competition. Therefore, they should have a little bit of competitive spirit to take themselves to the next level.

Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur essay help writer: essay help writer

Koch worked on anthrax and tuberculosis (TB) and developed work of Louis Pasteur. Koch first investigated Anthrax (that affected herds of farm animals and farmers. ) In 1868 Davaine had proved that a healthy animal that did not have anthrax could get the disease if it was injected with blood containing Anthrax. Koch developed this work further.

Koch found out that Anthrax microbes produced spores that lived for a long time after an animal had died and these spores could then develop into the Anthrax germ and could infect other animals. After this Koch moved on to Germs. In 1878 he identified the germ that cause blood poisoning and septicaemia and developed new techniques to carry out experiments, and devises a method of proving which germ caused an infection. In 1881 he began to work on TB and found the germ in 1882. Koch finally lay to rest belief that ‘bad air’ caused disease.

Koch developed right methods to identify germs. Louis Pasteur (1882) A producer of vinegar from beet juice requested Pasteur’s help in determining why the product sometimes spoiled. Pasteur demonstrated that physical screening or thermal methods destroyed all microorganisms and that when no contamination by living contagion took place, the processes of fermentation or putrefaction did not take place. ‘Pasteurization’ and this prevent or drastically reduce infections in the surgeon’s operating room.

Death of Pasteur’s father and two daughters lead him to work even harder. Pasteur conquest Rabies. The rivalry between Koch and Pasteur meant that they both worked harder to find and prove theories before each other. Both Koch and Pasteur are significantly important because if Robert Koch did not come up way of identifying germs then Louis Pasteur would have probably found it more difficult to find the germ theory. Therefore both are significantly important.

Lesson Learned aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help: aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

An action or judgment that is misguided or wrong. ” –Google Dictionary. Everybody makes mistakes. It’s human nature. In most mistakes, there is always good. That is, only if you learn from it. In my situation, I went through a variety of mistakes. Although I do not regret any of them as I would never be where and who I am today. I am happy to say that the mistakes are in the past but the lesson I learned from all of it will never be forgotten. The first mistake I made was lack of judgment. I knew that I was beginning to start to hang out with the wrong crowd.

After ignoring numerous signs, including knowing what these people did, I continued to be influenced by them. I never thought it would get to the point of me following in their footsteps, I thought I would be able to control my actions, but unfortunately I proved myself wrong. The lesson I have learned from this is to pay attention to what your intuition tells you. If you think you are doing something wrong, or you know it’s bad, then it most likely is. The other mistake was not distancing myself from the bad influences, and unfortunately continuing on to making the decision of shoplifting.

From this I have learned that peer pressure is overrated. It’s wrong to pressure anyone into something they don’t want to do, and it’s wrong to give in. At the time, it is hard to realize the positive side of things. Most people only think about what they will think of you and how you will be treated afterwards, and if they’re going to tell others that you’re a “scaredy cat” or “chicken”. What it’s hard to see is that in the long run, it doesn’t matter what others think of you. By doing what you think is right, you gain self-respect and by having that, you will gain respect of others.

This particular one is very hard to grasp, but I am glad to say I have learned it and will never forget this. I have no one to blame but myself for this wrong doing. We all make decisions for ourselves, maybe sometimes they are heavily influenced but only we have the power to follow through with our own actions. Sometimes it’s hard to break away from the crowd when you know what you are doing is not right. Especially in the moment, but if you build up enough courage, you end up gaining more respect for yourself by doing the right thing.

Even though it might not seem like the bad influences appreciate you proving their wrong doing, on the inside, most of them are actually jealous that they can’t do that for themselves. In the song “Lessons Learned” the lyrics go, “There’s mistakes that I have made, Some chances I just threw away, Some roads, I never should have taken, Been some signs I didn’t see…The past can’t be rewritten, You get the life you’re given, Oh, some pages turned, Some bridges burned, But there were, Lessons learned” –Carrie Underwood.

This song basically describes everything that happened, and every time I hear it, I will be reminded of this, and will remember how I am going to move on from this experience and change to become a better person. I do acknowledge that shoplifting is a crime, and I understand the consequences. I will never let this happen again. I am ashamed to say that I have committed the crime, but I am happy that I will be able to put it in the past and move forward with a new perspective and a better attitude about the way I am going to live my life.

Health Assessment essay help services: essay help services

Provide a brief overview of those areas of strength and weakness noted from Milestone #1: Health History. Pt biggest strength is that, he considers himself as an independent person like to take everything positive and have future goals about life. Main weakness includes difficulty to quit smoking. B. Client’s strengths (30 points) Expand on areas identified as strengths related to the person’s overall health.

Support your conclusions with data from the textbook. Pt considers himself as an independent family oriented person like to take everything positive in his life. His future goal is settle down in his home land, Vietnam. This positive attitude toward life can contribute in taking good decisions in life including stop smoking cigarettes as well as decreasing the episodes of asthma attacks. According to our text book, client ability to cope with illness and stress has a great impact on patients’ psychosocial health (Amico &amp; Barbarito, 2012, pg. 87). C.

Areas of concern (30 points) Expand on areas previously identified as abnormal and those that place the person at a health risk. Support your observations with data from the textbook. Smoking s a biggest risk factor in this case . Pt need to quit smoking in order to improve his breathing related problems . The main problem associated with smoking cessation is that ,pt consider Smoking as a norm and enjoyment. According to our text book, smoking tobacco products including cigarettes are associated with emphysema and lung cancer.

Pt smoking behavior can jeopardize his health and can put him in serious health risk problems like developing lung cancer in future like his father. D. Health teaching topics (30 points) Identify health education needs. Support your statements with facts from the Health History and information from your textbook. Pt is an current every day smoker, seeking health care for difficulty breathing history of asthma, genetic predisposition increases his chances of getting lung related problems. Pt father died with lung cancer and mother diagnosed with COPD.

In this case we need to provide education regarding smoking cessation and all the health risk problems associated with it. Introducing supports group and encouraging pt to attend those groups will help pt to stay goal oriented as well as staying healthy. Giving information regarding exercise that can strengthen the musculosketel system will improves pt breathing. According to our text book one of the objectives for healthy people 2020 is to reduce the asthma deaths and to reduce hospitalization for asthma. The actions include exercise, smoking cessation and support groups (Amico &amp; Barbarito, 2012, Pg. 392). 2: Nursing Care Plan

Next, plan your care based on your analysis of your assessment data: A. Diagnosis (30 points) Write one nursing diagnosis that reflects a priority need for this person. Remember a wellness diagnosis is a possibility. Ineffective breathing related to shortness of breath as evidenced by expiratory wheezing and smoking history B. Plan (30 points) Write one goal and one measurable expected outcome related to your nursing diagnosis. Explain why this goal and outcome is a priority. Include cultural considerations for this client. Goal –Patient will express an understanding and desire to stop smoking by the end of current shift.

Measurable outcome-pt airway will remain patent as evidenced by normal respiration and increased breath sounds. Pt cultural practice considers smoking as a norm and enjoyment for life. Today pt seeking health care for shortness of breath, having enough knowledge about the risk factors associated with smoking can decrease breathing related problems as well as asthma attacks in future. C. Intervention (30 points) Write as many nursing orders or nursing interventions that you need in order to achieve the outcome. Provide the rationale for each intervention listed.

Educate pt on smoking cessation-Giving information will help pt to make the right choice. Discus the importance of smoking cessation and related risk factors with pt-Smoking related health problems including lung cancers and other breathing problems will help pt to quit smoking. Provide pt with reading as well as video tapes-This will provide more information and will help pt to visualize. Introduce pt to smoking support groups-This offer more support and help pt to stay away from smoking Provide information regarding musculoskeletal exercise-This will increase the gas exchange between lungs and decrease the episodes of sob.

You will not carry out your care plan so you cannot evaluate the effectiveness of your nursing interventions. Instead, comment on what you would look for in order to evaluate your effectiveness. I will be looking forward to see that, patient verbalize understanding on smoking cessation as well as stating that he will make an effort to cease smoking on release from hospital and less readmission into hospital due to difficulty breathing.

The society of Americans high school essay help: high school essay help

The society of Americans today is unaware of the cultures and beliefs of Native Americans, and how complex those cultures are. The creation myth, “The Earthdiver” written by the Mono culture, and the creation myth, “How the World Was Made” written by the Cherokee have similarities and differences that open the eyes of its audiences that are unknowledgeable of the topic. Native American folktales are stories on how certain Native American tribes contributed their beliefs and culture into one story.

For example, the Mono Native American’s lived in New Mexico, were primarily nomads, and surrounded their culture around nature. The Cherokee were a large group of Native Americans that contained a nature-based culture, settled on the East Coast, and were successful in creating their own empire. Even though the creation myths “The Earthdiver” and “How the World Was Made” both emphasize nature completely, they differ in the steps and materials that were taken or used to create planet Earth.

The creation myth, “The Earthdiver” contained many essential elements that displayed their culture. The key elements of their culture were the Prairie Falcon, water and the oceans, and lastly, death and the afterlife. These elements play the role of creating the Earth in the Mono Native American’s specific way. “The Earthdiver” presented the beliefs in how the Mono Native Americans thought the Earth was created. To begin with, the Prairie Falcon sent three different animals to the bottom of the ocean to gather sand to begin creating planet Earth.

Two of the three animals failed to complete their assignment; they all died in the process, but the Prairie Falcon brought them back to life. The final animal retrieved the sand but he lost a majority of the sand on his way back to land, and then died. The Prairie Falcon used the ounce of sand from the deceased animal’s hand to create the Earth. The Cherokee Native Americans created “How the World Was Made” to display their culture’s beliefs on how the Earth was created. The key elements of their culture displayed what they believed in and how they lived their everyday lives.

The Great Buzzard, islands, and the sky vault all contributed to the ideas of how the Earth was created. In “How the World Was Made”, the Cherokee felt that Earth was hanging from sky vault above a gigantic island. The Earth was soft and flat as well as an unsuitable home for humans and animals. Their leader, the Great Buzzard, flew across the Earth and flapped his wings, creating mountains and valleys. Therefore, the Great Buzzard made the Earth dry so that animals could approach and finish his job. The animals planted the sun in the sky, and the streams carried off of the mountains.

After the Earth was finally created, Man and Woman were created and they conceived frequently, and the Underworld was their destination after death. “The Earthdiver” and “How the World Was Made” both contain similarities that strike their readers. The two Native American cultures are surrounded by nature, and they firmly believe in it. The Cherokee Nation strives in the power of water, as well as the Mono. They focus on how vital planet Earth is, and the humans and animals that live on our planet. In addition, “The Earthdiver”, and “How the World Was Made” were how the culture believed on how the Earth was created.

The Cherokee and the Mono Native American tribes had their own specific way on how humans and the planet they lived on came about. The leaders of these tribes were animals, not humans. The Cherokee Indians looked at their animal leader as a hero, “This was the Great Buzzard, the father of all the buzzards we see now. . . ” The Mono Native Americans cherished the Prairie Falcon, and the Cherokee respected the Great Buzzard; both leaders resulting in a bird. “The Earthdiver”, and “How the World Was Made” are creation myths that share the same basic information, but the cultures themselves show their differences.

It is amazing to notice how opposite two things on planet Earth has the ability of being. The two specific creation myths, share many differences among their similarities. The key elements of the Cherokee and the Mono have different meanings toward each other. Specifically, the Cherokee Native Americans focus on humans more literally than the Mono. The Mono Native Americans relied on their animals for most, and rarely spoke of the humans, “In the beginning, Prairie Falcon and Crow were sitting on a log which projected over the waters that covered the world.

Thus, they asked Duck what numbers he had dreamed off . . . “Animals to the Mono were more valuable than human beings themselves. To the Mono Native Americans, death and the afterlife were of importance. The Prairie Falcon brought all of the animals back to life that tried to retrieve that sand for him. “Prairie Falcon saw the corpse, recovered it, and brought Coot back to life. ” Their leader was the only one that could do this, for they believed that anyone doing a good deed could be brought back to life.

However, the Cherokee thought that Earth was hanging from a sky vault with four cardinal points. They felt that it was crucial for them to create the Earth to be an island that hung from the sky vault. Therefore saying, “The Earth is a great island floating in a sea of water, and suspended at each of the four cardinal points by a cord hanging from the sky vault, which is solid rock. ” The creation myths “The Earthdiver” and “How the World was Made” delivered the differences between not only the stories, but the cultures as well.

Although the creation myths, “The Earthdiver” and “How the World was Made” emphasize nature, they differ in the steps taken to create planet Earth. The Mono and Cherokee culture are surround around nature and how deeply they care about it. They created the Earth in their own specific ways they keep their culture unique. Their leaders, key elements, and beliefs created creation myths that showed their similarities and differences. The Mono culture and the Cherokee culture will forever hold their peace in how the Earth was created.

What Forces and Events Affected National Unity and Growth? law essay help: law essay help

The nation was both strengthened and weakened by different forces. Some of the forces that strengthened the nation were the Industrial Revolution fueling economic growth, the American System encouraging economic self-sufficiency, improving transportation and communication by linking cities and regions, and the United States expanding and defining borders.

Some of the forces that weakened the nation were new industry and inventions leading to reliance on manufacturing in the North and increasing dependence on cotton and slavery in the South, slavery dividing the nation, and regional differences dividing the nation among Northerners, Southerners, and Westerners. After the War of 1812 Americans began to manufacture more of their own goods. This was called the Industrial Revolution. As more people began to invent new products and sell them it began fueling economic growth. Some inventions even made work more productive and profitable.

This helped the nation a lot because they learned that they did not need to have everything shipped from Europe, and it saved them money. New industry and inventions lead to reliance on manufacturing in the North and increasing dependence on cotton and slavery in the South. In the North, first children, then families began to work in the mills and move away from the farms and into the cities. At first wages were high, but once more mills were opened and improvements were made in machinery and process, the need for skilled labor was reduced and the wages and conditions for the remaining factory workers declined.

The cotton gin greatly increased the production of cotton, making it more profitable, but also requiring an increased number of slaves to keep up with the workload. Regional differences dividing the nation among Northerners, Southerners, and Westerners was also a problem. In the North, they focused on manufacturing and trade, the South relied on plantations and slavery, and in the West, they just wanted cheap land. This sectionalism, loyalty to the interests of a region or section of the country, caused tension between the groups and really became an issue when Missouri applied for statehood, as a slave state.

The nation was divided into the North and the South because of slavery. The Missouri Compromise was established so the slave and free states would be balanced. This was a line that went across the bottom of Missouri at 36 degrees north. Because Missouri was north of this line, Maine broke off from Massachusetts as a free state, to maintain the balance. The American System helped the nation become self-sufficient. One of the things it did was add a protective tariff on goods from Europe. This made it American products cheaper so there would not be competition from foreign businesses.

The American System also established a national bank. This made it easier to only have one currency. The third thing the American System helped with was improve transportation. With the money they started to save the roads were fixed which made them less expensive to travel on. Improving transportation and communication by linking cities and regions improved the nation. The cities and regions being linked by transportation made it possible to trade with more people and place. It also made traveling quicker. Having communication between cities help important message arrive faster.

It also brought people closer together. The United States expanding and establishing its borders was good. When Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchas it more than doubled the size of America. This made room for expanding the nation. The feeling of Nationalism, a feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one’s country, made Americans wand to define the new borders. The new borders of the United States were the Great Lakes and the Rocky Mountain. Many forces affected the national unity and growth including both positive and negative sides.

Although the Industrial Revolution fueled the economy, Americans became more self-sufficient, transportation improved, and communications through linked cities were all good things, the negative aspects also shaped the changes. New industry and inventions only led to an unhealthy reliance on manufacturing in the North and increased slave dependence in the South. Regional differences also further divided the nation so it grew apart slightly as it expanded westward, slowly aggravating any sense of national unity that remained intact.

Communicable Disease essay help tips: essay help tips

A communicable disease can be defined as a disease that is spread or can be spread from one individual to another or sometimes from an animal to a human being (Webber, 2009). The spread of a communicable disease does not only happen through airborne bacteria or viruses, but also through blood and other fluids of the body. Communicable diseases are sometimes termed as contagious or infectious diseases. Tuberculosis is an example of a communicable disease.

Tuberculosis or TB is a bacterial and communicable disease that spreads by inhaling tiny droplets from an infected person’s sneezing or coughing (Ramen, 2012). Although this medical condition is serious and can lead to death, it can be treated quite easily especially if detected early enough. The main organ of the body affected by TB is the lungs. Nevertheless, the disease can affect other parts of the body such as circulatory system, central nervous system lymphatic system, and bones among others.

In the past, tuberculosis was referred to as consumption due to the drastic loss of weight by an infected person (Boutayeb, 2006). Symptoms of tuberculosis The symptoms of tuberculosis usually develop gradually and most of them might not even begin before some months or years have passed since the time an individual was exposed to bacterial infection. When the bacteria infect the body and no symptoms are caused, this condition is known as latent TB (Boutayeb, 2006). When the infection of the bacteria causes symptoms, the condition is referred to as active TB.

According to Webber (2009), some of the symptoms include an individual often having a constant cough that lasts for more than 3 weeks. This persistent cough may be accompanied by bloody phlegm. The patient may also experience unexplained pain, weight loss, fever, night sweats, tiredness, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Causes of tuberculosis As mentioned above, tuberculosis is a bacterial disease and is caused by a bacterium referred to as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium is spread from one person to another through airborne particles from the sneeze or cough of an infected person.

The only type of TB that is communicable is pulmonary tuberculosis. This is the TB infection that affects the lungs. An individual can be infected with this type of tuberculosis after prolonged exposure to a person who is already infected by the bacterium. However, it is noteworthy that it is not obvious that a person who is exposed to the bacteria will be infected (Webber, 2009). This is because the immune system of healthy individuals may kill the bacteria once they get inside his body.

However, there are instances where the immune system is only able to prevent the bacteria from spreading in the body and as such, they remain within the body without manifesting any symptoms. This condition as earlier mentioned is referred to as latent tuberculosis. In cases where the infection fails to be contained or killed by the immune system of the body, the disease spreads and the symptoms begin to manifest (Ramen, 2012). Diagnosis of tuberculosis It is worth noting that the diagnosis of tuberculosis is done through a combination of three tests namely Mantoux test, blood tests, and chest X-ray.

Mantoux test is commonly known as skin test. It involves injecting a small amount PPD (purified protein derivative tuberculin) in the forearm and the reaction of that injection at the site is observed after 2 to 3 days (Ramen, 2012). A positive test is confirmed by a raised red bump. Using a microscopic sputum analysis, a blood test can also establish the existence of tuberculosis bacteria in the body. Computer tomography, as well as Chest x-rays can be used to observe scar tissues which are formed to prevent the spread of TB infection in the body (Webber, 2009).

Treatment of tuberculosis Tuberculosis infection can be cured through professional treatment. Antibiotics are used to treat most patients and they are often taken for about 6 months continuously. Studies show that due to the existence of antibiotic resistant form of tuberculosis, treatment may take more than the usual six months, sometimes extending up to eighteen months (Boutayeb, 2006). Since tuberculosis is a communicable disease, it spreads from a person who is infected to another who is uninfected. For this reason, anyone can be infected with tuberculosis.

Nevertheless, there are some individuals who are at a higher risk of TB infection than others (Webber, 2009). These include those who reside with individual who already has active tuberculosis infections, individuals who are economically poor or homeless, persons who are born in countries with high rates of TB infections, prison inmates, residents of nursing homes, intravenous substance users, alcoholics, health care workers, those with immune system problems such as HIV/AIDS patients and those working and living in refugee camps (Ramen, 2012).

Conclusion and recommendations Tuberculosis is a communicable disease since it spreads via inhaling tiny droplets from an infected person’s sneeze or cough. The disease mainly affects the lungs although it may affect other parts of the body and can be prevented through vaccination. In places where TB infections are high, the BCG vaccine is used and it protects infants, as well as children against tuberculosis.

It should, however, be noted that tuberculosis can be prevented through eating healthy diet for purposes of boosting the immune system of the body. In areas where there are high rates of tuberculosis infections, it is prudent for individuals who come from such areas to undergo regular testing. For individuals who are already infected and taking treatment, they should ensure that they complete their medication. In an effort to prevent further spread of tuberculosis to other uninfected individuals, there should adequate ventilation presence of infected individuals; such individuals should also cover their mouth while coughing or sneezing, and stay away from a crowd of people.

Space Travel law essay help: law essay help

The Man In Space ControversyShould the United States support a “Man In Space” program? Opinions here diverge, with opponents and proponents presenting strong arguments on both sides. The opponents like to point out how enormously expensive manned space operations are with every shuttle flight costing tax payers some $500,000,000 and with the anticipated bill for the international space station expected to be $35-40 billion dollars. They also think that the returns from such space investments so far don’t justify the expense.

They suspect that many of the tests on new materials and purer crystals could somehow be performed on earth for much lower costs, either through automated systems on less-expensive unmanned rockets or even in laboratories. They further state that in their opinion it is reckless to spend such enormous sums of money on something with uncertain return when there are so many unmet needs here on earth. The proponents of manned space programs have a difficult time countering these strong arguments. However, they point out that the space shuttle now exists, so we might as well make use of it.

They believe that the new materials created in the space environment may prove extremely useful, and that the perfect crystals which cannot be made in earth’s gravity will allow us to decipher the molecular structure of viruses. Thus, they may help us create powerful new drugs, perhaps overcoming critical diseases, even AIDS. Furthermore, they state that the space station, which represents the first truly international endeavor on a great scale, will promote cooperation and understanding between nations and will help eliminate future wars.

Taking a broader view, there is no doubt that exploration of new lands and conquests of new frontiers have always been creative forces throughout the history of humanity, and have promoted the advancement of knowledge and culture. In my view, when Congress, in 1993, barely saved the International Space Station from being abandoned, by a single vote, a decisive event occurred in man’s conquest of space. This critical act may deeply affect humanity’s future. It was the discovery of the New World that gave Western civilization the impetus for the explosive growth in science and technology that took place during the succeeding centuries.

Exploring space and colonizing other planets is not an option. It is a necessity if humanity is to evolve and not become a stagnant species with no room and no incentive for further development. 2. Near-Term Goals in SpaceThanks to the American Space Shuttle and to the Russian Soyuz rockets, two independent manned space transportation systems do exist. Thus, even if one of them should fail, manned space activity would not necessarily come to a halt. With theInternational Space Station now confirmed and many of its key elements in production, the future of manned space activity seems to be firmly established.

Once the station is completed and permanently manned, even a serious accident like the Challenger disaster won’t stop our involvement in manned space, since the Station’s crew will have to be supported and exchanged whatever happens. Today several very expensive projects involving the launch of large numbers of communications satellites into orbit are progressing, and more are being planned. They will provide another important support to space activity in general. The large market for satellite launch services is encouraging commercial companies to develop unmanned space-transportation systems based on reusable rockets.

These projects, if successful, will provide safer and more affordable access to space and thus benefit all other space-related activities. Furthermore, NASA is financing the X-33 program, the sub-orbital forerunner of theVenture Star, a reusable single-stage orbital rocket which, if successful, will provide a much more affordable manned space transportation system. 3. Future Space ActivitiesOnce the International Space Station is established and operating smoothly, what will we do next? As the name clearly states, the ISS is just a station – a first step to further ventures in space driven by real needs.

One of the greatest needs in an ever growing and ever-more-affluent society today is the requirement for more electric energy. Developing countries like China and India, with a combined population of over 2 billion, will demand the same degree of technical progress and comfort that we enjoy in the U. S. and Europe and this will require the construction of many large power plants. Since nuclear power is not deemed an acceptable solution, only a large number of new coal-fired power plants will be able to satisfy their needs.

In the long run, however, such plants will be even less acceptable than nuclear ones since they emit large amounts of CO2 gases and exacerbate global warming. The only clean acceptable solution conceivable today is solar energy from space. This would be supplied by a number of solar power plants in orbit around the earth, which would radiate the collected solar energy to earth in the form of microwaves. An even more ambitious project would place such power plants on the lunar surface, where they could be built using mostly lunar materials and could be better maintained and serviced.

If large power plants based on fusion energy should ever become feasible, which is not expected before the middle of the next century, the only really clean fuel will be Helium Three. Since He3 can only be mined on the lunar surface, this will necessitate manned operations on the moon. Scientists who are seriously concerned with the future well-being of mankind, and are not satisfied with schemes based on wishful thinking, consider such projects as inevitable for humanity to further progress. The tasks will, of course, require greatly expanded space activity, both manned and unmanned.

They will also mean the setting up of permanent lunar colonies, the first step to the expansion of humanity into the wider universe. Another project likely to evolve in the near or intermediate future is space tourism. This is a purely commercial activity that would not have to rely on unpredictable government decisions. It would therefore put space operations on a much more solid, dependable footing and would enormously expand man’s space activity. Some people see a potential for multi-billion dollar businesses there. However, some difficult problems will have to be solved.

First of all, a manned reusable rocket like the Venture Star will have to be built. But even then, a serious problem exists. Space rockets today, even the most advanced concepts, are able to lift only about two-and-one-half percent of their launch weight into orbit and this ratio has hardly changed in more than 40 years. It is pretty much set through the limits of material characteristics and the limits of chemical power sources, and there is no indication that any fundamental breakthrough can be expected in the foreseeable future.

Costs may be somewhat reduced by the use of air-breathing engines to help a reusable rocket penetrate the earth’s atmosphere. Today the lowest cost to lift a payload to orbit is over $4,000 per pound. Even with a very optimistic assumption of costs on the order of $200 per pound, the price of a ticket to space would have to be at least $50,000. It is somewhat questionable whether a sufficient number of customers could be enticed to pay such a high price for a short trip around the world. However, space tourism may become more attractive once space facilities will be available to offer tourists a longer and more interesting stay in space.

With the ISS becoming the hub for all kinds of space activities, service and repair functions will be required as well the refueling of manned and unmanned probes. This will eventually lead to space assembly and manufacturing and will herald the start of an industrial park on the ISS comprising space hotels, space recreation centers, etc. Once such amenities can be offered and longer sojourns in space are possible, some people will be inclined to pay the expense for an extended trip into space. We could even visualize hospitals for wealthy patients whose suffering may be relieved in the weightlessness of space.

The next natural development is bound to be a lunar colony necessitated by humanity’s thirst for large amounts of electric power. Such colonies will be made possible through the presence of considerable amounts of water, in the form of ice, which has been detected in deep craters at the lunar poles. These colonies may lead to larger industrial parks and to lunar hotels with entertainment facilities that take advantage of the moon’s low gravity. A well-established and well-supplied lunar base may become the stepping-stone for travel to other planets, the first of which would likely be Mars.

The Very Long-Range Future of Humanity in SpaceWill humans ever visit other stars and colonize planets in deep space that offer conditions similar to those on Earth-temperate climate, oceans and continents, an atmosphere similar to ours? Only one in a thousand planetary bodies is likely to meet all those conditions. Since the star closest to Earth lies at a distance of over 4 light years, the right planet circling the right sun at the right distance will hardly be found at a distance of less than 10, 20 or 50 light years from our Sun. The farthest stars in our own galaxy lie at distances of nearly 100,000 light years from us.

How will humans ever be able to traverse such distances within their lifetimes? They probably won’t! The first travelers to distant stars will not be people, but robotic probes, moving at much less than the speed of light and requiring centuries to investigate distant solar systems. Only after exploratory work is done and we know the nature of our near galactic surroundings can humanity afford to venture further into the cosmos. The only conceivable way this can happen is through means of human colonies living in large space islands similar to those suggested by Jerry O’Neal of Princeton University.

There is no way we could imagine those large objects, weighing millions of tons, being able to move with anywhere near the speed of light and so, unless people are put in a stage of suspended animation, many generations will come and go before the “promised land” has been reached. The spread of humanity throughout our galactic system will be a very, very slow process, not to be expected in the next century, but perhaps in the next millennium. However, when we look at the millions of years it took us to evolve in our development, humanity will have plenty of time to progress towards our destiny. |

Clouds Socrates Unjust Speech devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help

Aristophanes’ play, “clouds”, there is a battle between the “old” and “new” way of going out about life. This can be seen through the “just” and “unjust” speech, whose argumentative outcomes dictate the way in which society should go about educating its citizens. The “unjust speech”, which is a heavy logical and manipulative approach to thinking about life (“new”), seems to subvert the “just speech”, which appears to rely on moral and mythical justification (“old”).

Pericles, a prominent and influential Politian in Athens, has argued that democracy is the best form of government because it fairly produces the most educated and excellent citizens, through freedom to act as they please, which will eventually shape there soul into a great person (Warner 145). Thus, if citizens are allowed to wonder freely and be tolerated with respect by fellow citizens as Pericles describes, and if Socrates (a Greek philosopher) and the “thinkry” spread their “unjust speech” rhetoric, Pericles’s platform for greatness will not make the Athenians the most excellent and educated citizens.

In fact it is going to make them into worse people, people who are going to fundamentally question the value of their institution. Ultimately, Aristophanes suggests that democracy cannot work in unison with “unjust speech”, which undermines Pericles argument that “unjust speech” should be tolerated under democracy, because “unjust speech” uses its persuasive power to disassembles the collective wisdom democracy has built and allows the few who understand its power to create an unequal society (West).

Aristophanes argues if a democracy is faced with a society of unequal powers then it could transform the democratic system Pericles drew up, where all powers were to be divided equally among citizens, into an oligarchy or tyranny, with the citizens using unjust speech to gain majority power and dictate policy (West). Whenever policies are designed by a few in power they tend not to reflect or benefit those in the larger majority without power.

If policies don’t benefit and represent as many people as possible then they are ineffective policies. This educates the citizens of Athens to become one of the elites because policy and power will favor them more then others. Aristophanes doesn’t believe that is the best or fairest form of education. Therefore, unjust speech can’t operate in union with democracy because it turns an egalitarian society into unequal powers and causes ineffective policies to be implemented.

Aristophanes is concerned with what kind of government it is and how it’s designed. Pericles address that concern when stating, “Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people” and “everyone is equal before the law; when it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is not membership of a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possesses”(Warner 145).

Aristophanes undermines this by arguing if what counts is the ability which the man possesses, then unjust speech allows that membership to form through mans ability to manipulate and win arguments, which gives unjust speakers more power then other citizens and they are now unequally advantage against the law and have the power in their hands instead of the majority (West).

Pericles also states, “In public affairs we keep to the law”(Warner 145), Aristophanes argues that citizens capable of unjust speech have the power, the people in power have a stronger voice, the stronger voice makes policies, and thus citizens engaged in unjust speech make the laws (West). The people who make the laws usually do so in a way beneficial to them “in public affairs”(West). Unjust speech has the power to diminish the collective wisdom the Athenians have built up by pointing out small contradictions and using manipulative reasoning that just speech can’t defend through logic.

Just speech can only be defended through the centuries it has successfully survived and through the strong bond each citizen shares with each other (West). Therefore, Aristophanes argues through “clouds” that unjust speech has the ability to break down collective wisdoms, win arguments, create unequal powers, and ultimately dismantle democracy (West). For example, unjust speech states, “I quite deny that Justice even exists”(West 902) to which just speech replies “It does with the gods” (West 904), then unjust speech ask the question “then why didn’t Zeus perish when he bound his father?

To which just speech replies “give me a basin: to vomit in”(West 907), basically stating if just does exist within the gods then it makes no sense because the gods are not just themselves. In this case unjust found a logical approach to dismiss the presences of just speech. This small contradiction discredits just speech as a whole, aids to the confusion of just speech, and gives power to unjust speech. This result causes just speech to through its cloak to the audience and storm out.

Another instance seen where unjust uses its power to discredit just speech is when Strepsiades ask Socrates, “And who is it that compels them to be borne along? Isn’t it Zeus? ”(West 378), to which Socrates replies “Not in the least. Its ethereal Vortex”(West 380). In this instance, Strepsiades is convinced through logic and science that Zeus doesn’t make it rain by “pissing through his sieve”(West 373). Eventually this leads Strepsiades to become more ambiguous about his institutions collective wisdom, and once again it aids to more confusion for just and power for unjust speech.

In the case of Strepsiades, it leads to utter perplexity, which later causes him to burn down the “thinkry”. Furthermore, these two examples are analogous with the contemporary Gay Rights movement we see today. Gays not being able to get married stems from religious values (just speech), which say people are only supposed to be with opposite sex. Many Americans have built this into our collective wisdom, especially in the South. However, homosexuals challenge these religious ideologies with logic (unjust speech), which tries to persuade a religious conservative that just because god stated something doesn’t make it true or reasonable.

The homosexual community, who may have a point, is challenging and manipulating the conservative wisdom through unjust speech, and if homosexuals win than more power represents their group then before. The result is another tradition (religious conservatives) is weakened, a new identity (Gays married) is formed/strengthen, and the collective wisdom of all citizens under that democracy is now diminished and more segregated. The three examples show how unjust speech has the ability to break down collective wisdom, win arguments, create unequal powers, and ultimately dismantle the democracy Pericles drew up and cause chaos and/or violence.

Strepsiades ends up burning down a building and Socrates’ students gain more power, the just speech violently throws its cloak to the audience and storms off leaving unjust speech with more powers, and religious conservatives have heavily protested, some with violence, against homosexuals (the outcome hasn’t been determined so power hasn’t shifted yet). This proves Aristophanes argument that unjust speech undermines democracy by getting citizens to question their government’s collective wisdoms, which has the ability to shift power (West).

If enough questions are raised then new paths will be forged and the core bond that once held the state together is now weaken. Aristophanes argues that knowing how the “Vortex” works or how some other trivial scientific knowledge operates is not what makes a society great, but rather keeping the core identity and wisdom together is how one maintains greatness and keeps democracy alive (West). However, the damage of unjust speech in a democratic society doesn’t stop there. Unjust speech also has the ability to open the window for morally unsound decisions, which have the potential to construct terrible policies.

As explained by Aristophanes, unjust speech has the ability to break down collective wisdoms, win arguments, and create unequal powers. The last part is what concerns Aristophanes because unequal powers open the door for political and moral corruption. Whenever policies are designed by a few in power they tend not to reflect or benefit those in the larger population without power. If policies don’t benefit and represent as many people as possible then they are bad policies. For example, when Pheidippides engages in a physical altercation with his father Strepsiades, he employs unjust speech to make his actions appear moral.

This is seen when Pheidippides states, “did you beat me when I was a boy? ”(West 1408), to which Strepsiades replies “Yes, I did; I was well-intentioned”(West 1409), then Pheidippides use the unjust speech by stating “isn’t it also just for me likewise to be well-intentioned toward you and beat you, since in fact to be well-intentioned is to beat? (West 1410-1412), Pheidippides adds on, “Old men are children twice”(West 1417), and lastly “I’ll beat mother too, just as I did you”(West 1443).

Pheidippides logically makes sense by basically saying that if Strepsiades, his father, beat him when he was younger in order to discipline and shape his character, wouldn’t it only make sense for Pheidippides to beat his father who is old and undisciplined. Furthermore, Pheidippides argues through unjust speech that when he is done beating his father that he will go on to beat his mother. Morally, Strepsiades and us intuitively understand that beating our father is wrong, and if not our father then beating our mothers is definitely wrong, but it is hard debating it through just speech.

It is best explained through the collective wisdom that our institution has handed down over the centuries, which has successfully stood the test of time and deserves to be respected. This is a specific case of unjust speech challenging a societies collective wisdom, then manipulating, winning, and using the argument to gain power, which opens the door for a morally unsound policy that a majority can’t defend against. Another instances where unjust speech was used to manipulate and open the door for a morally unsound policy was Strepsiades convincing the creditors he owes nothing.

Strepsiades uses unjust speech to fluster the first creditor by ridiculing him because of his belief in the gods, “Zeus is laughable to those who know”(West 1241) and for believing in the “old” reasoning behind the way in which society operates (West 1225-55). Again Strepsiades uses unjust speech with the second creditor by manipulating his new knowledge, “do you believe that Zeus always rains fresh water on each occasion, or does the sun draw the same water back up from below…Then is it just for you not to get your money back if you know nothing of matters aloft?

This undermines Athenian values, which clearly have moral rationale but lack transparent logic. The creditors have no real answer for Strepsiades other then it is wrong to not pay back debts for the reasons it is wrong to beat your mother up. Unjust speech has the power to confuse people by breaking down collective wisdom, win arguments, and create unequal powers, which opens the door for a few to create a terrible policy that affects many. The two examples clearly show how unjust speech has the power to undermine just speech.

Aristophanes argues, that unjust speech can’t live in unison with democracy because the few who know how to deploy it can gain unfair power and create terrible policies that only reflect the few elite without justly representing the majority who have less power (West). It is evident that Aristophanes prefers to operate with the “old” system. He clearly sympathizes with the reasoning and moral implications of just speech, and argues that democratic societies need it to be successful. Conversely, unjust speech according to Aristophanes is a systemic threat to anything ruled under democracy.

It has the ability to undermine equality and produce ineffective policies. This runs contradictory to Pericles’s argument about democratic characteristics, mainly freedom to have meaningful impact and mans abilities is what counts, which make citizens great and educated people (Warner 145). If unjust speech is abused in democracy, unequal powers are inevitable. However, I think Aristophanes would recognize Pericles’s point, and acknowledge there are issues with the traditional system. A traditional government left unexamined might lose touch with the principles upon which it was established.

Supersize Me Answers “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu

He visited a cardiologist, gastroenterologist, and general practitioner. 2. He has very good blood levels and is very healthy. 3. His starting weigh is 84. 2 kg and his pecentage of fatness is 11%. 4. There are 83 McDonald’s in Manhattan. 5. His girlfrieng is a vegetarian coocker. 6. His first meal is a double quarter pounds with cheese (super size). 7. He feels sick with stomachacke and starts sweating after eating his first super size meal. Then he throws up the food. 8. “Toxic environment” is the one that is created by being a lot of junk food restaurants. 9. They will develop diabetes.

He is getting 5. 000 calories after 5 days on the McDonald’s diet. 11. The chicken McNugets are made by mixing diferent parts of a chicken with a mass. 12. All first graders recognize Ronal McDonald. (The clown that represents the McDonald) 13. The fattest state is Texas, especifically Houston. 14. A calorie is the energy 15. He isn’t healthy because he had really high levels of cholesterol and if he doesn’t stop that diet can be very dangerous for his life, 16. A gastic-bypass is a surgery that is made for reducing the size of the stomach and in that way, reduce the weigh of a person.

They recommend him to stop the diet as soon as he can because it can be very dangerous for his life. 18. His finally weigh is 95 kg. 19. As a result of the court case, McDonal’d received two lawsuits against their food and tokk away the ‘supersize’ size. 20. I sometimes eat a pizza at home but I don’t usually buy fast food on my own. I think that fast food should be retired from the market because it has no benefits for the people that consume it because it can be extremely dangerous for their health.

The Seven Miracles in John homework essay help: homework essay help

The Gospel of John selects only seven miracles as signs to demonstrate the deity of Christ and to illustrate His ministry. Some of these signs and stories are found only in John. His is the most theological of the four gospels and often gives the reason behind events mentioned in the other gospels. He shares much about the approaching ministry of the Holy Spirit after Jesus’ ascension. There are certain words or phrases that John frequently uses that show the repeating themes of his Gospel: believe, witness, Comforter, life – death, light – darkness, I am…

Jesus repeatedly angers the Jewish leaders by correcting them (2:13-16); healing on the Sabbath, and claiming characteristics belonging to God (5:18; 8:56-59; 9:6,16; 10:33). Jesus prepares His disciples for His coming death and for their ministry after His resurrection and ascension (John 14-17). He then willingly dies on the cross in our place (10:15-18), paying our sin debt in full (19:30) so that whoever trusts in Him as his/her Savior from sin will be saved (John 3:14-16). He then rises from the dead, convincing even the most doubting of His disciples that He is God and Master (20:24-29).

Connections: John’s portrayal of Jesus as the God of the Old Testament is seen most emphatically in the seven “I Am” statements of Jesus. He is the “Bread of life” (John 6:35), provided by God to feed the souls of His people, just as He provided manna from heaven to feed the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 16:11-36). Jesus is the “Light of the world” (John 8:12), the same Light that God promised to His people in the Old Testament (Isaiah 30:26, 60:19-22) and which will find its culmination in the New Jerusalem when Christ the Lamb will be its Light (Revelation 21:23).

Two of the “I Am” statements refer to Jesus as both the “Good Shepherd” and the “Door of the sheep. ” Here are clear references to Jesus as the God of the Old Testament, the Shepherd of Israel (Psalm 23:1, 80:1; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 34:23) and, as the only Door into the sheepfold, the only way of salvation. The Jews believed in the resurrection and, in fact, used the doctrine to try to trick Jesus into making statements they could use against Him. But His statement at the tomb of Lazarus “I am the resurrection and the life” (John 11:25) must have astounded them.

He was claiming to be the cause of resurrection and the possessor of the power over life and death. None other than God Himself could claim such a thing. Similarly, His claim to be the “way, the truth and the life” (John 14:6) linked Him unmistakably to the Old Testament. His is the “Way of Holiness” prophesied in Isaiah 35:8; He established the City of Truth of Zechariah 8:3 when He, who is “truth” itself, was in Jerusalem and the truths of the Gospel were preached there by Him and His apostles; and as “the Life,” He affirms His deity, the Creator of life, God incarnate (John 1:1-3).

Finally, as the “true Vine” (John 15:1, 5) Jesus identifies Himself with the nation of Israel who are called the vineyard of the Lord in many OT passages. As the true Vine of the vineyard of Israel, He portrays Himself as the Lord of the “true Israel”—all those who would come to Him in faith, because “…not all who are descended from Israel are Israel”

Basic Syntactic Notions argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

The relation between a unit and other units (inner relations between units). No unit can be used independently; it serves as an element in the system of other units. This kind of meaning is called syntactic. Formal relation of units to one another is studied by syntactics (or syntax). Only inner (syntactic) relations between linguistic units served the basis for linguistic analysis while the reference of words to the objective reality and language users were actually not considered Syntactic units can go into 3 types of syntactic relations.

SR1 can be observed on the phrase, sentence and text levels. Coordination may be symmetric and asymmetric. Symmetric coordination is characterized by complete interchangeability of its elements – pens and pencils. Asymmetric coordination occurs when the position of elements is fixed: ladies and gentlemen. Forms of connection within SR1 may be copulative (you and me), disjunctive (you or me), adversative (strict but just) and causative-consecutive (sentence and text level only).

Subordination (SR2) – syntagmatic relations of dependence. SR2 are established between the constituents of different linguistic rank. They are observed on the phrase and sentence level. Subordination may be of three different kinds – adverbial (to speak slowly), objective (to see a house) and attributive (a beautiful flower). Forms of subordination may also be different – agreement (this book – these books), government (help us), adjournment (the use of modifying particles just, only, even, etc. and enclosure (the use of modal words and their equivalents really, after all, etc. ).

Predication (SR3) – syntagmatic relations of interdependence. Predication may be of two kinds – primary (sentence level) and secondary (phrase level). Primary predication is observed between the subject and the predicate of the sentence while secondary predication is observed between non-finite forms of the verb and nominal elements within the sentence. Secondary predication serves the basis for gerundial, infinitive and participial word-groups.

Self Assessment of Leaders gp essay help: gp essay help

Human Behavior is critical to organizations – discuss the benefits of self evaluation/self assessment as it related to leaders today. Without a complete set of knowledge understanding human behavior will be a great challenge to well conduct an organization. Organizations are composed of individuals with different traits, values, motives and perceptions. This situation makes understanding Human Behavior in the management of organization as a full activity of leaders in their day to day self assessment.

Thus, it is very fundamental to implement set of tools to understand human behavior as the existence of organization depends on its employees. Previous theories of organization and management considered individuals as they have the same aspirations but modern theories of human behavior are based upon the differences among employees and how those differences can affect the organization.

Leaders today set self assessment tools to find out why some employees are motivated to works which means a better predisposition to well perform the job in order to achieve objectives, goal and vision and others employees not motivated at all. Thus, leaders face some concerns and challenges which they can never cope without implementing a set of self assessment skills. Self evaluation develops and support leader’s ability to serve effectively. Another theory based on Leadership steps assessment (LSA) set six concepts as tool of self assessment.

These six principles of effective leadership constitute of a clear set of personal values, vision of future, assessment of others in term of their potential capabilities, organizing work environment in order to perform efficiently, relentless of leader and measuring and celebrating progress provide leader with a clear signals on where they are weak and how to correct these weaknesses. The Myers – Briggs Type Indicator provides also more insight for leader self assessment where many benefits could be gained in Team Forming Strategy.

How Introverts or Extroverts style of leadership had to set efficient team according to their personality when dealing with a problem solving case. Knowing the Type of personnel as tool of self assessment for leader is very important because by determining what characteristics will make for effective job performance, it can aid in personnel selections by increasing understanding of how personality and job characteristics interact it can result in better hiring, promotion decision and by providing insights into personality development it can help to anticipate, recognize and prevent to operate costly defenses by organizational members.

Robert (2005) believes that “Entering the fundamental state of leadership’’ described under four steps of self evaluation/self assessment could help to become more effective leader by releasing positive emotions when he recalled a faced great challenges compared to new possibilities for the current situation, analyzing your current state and by questioning oneself these questions: – Am I results centered? – Am I Internally directed? – Am I other focused? – Am I externally open? “The way you lead when crisis forces you to tap into your deepest values and instincts.

In this state, your instinctively know what to do: you rise to the occasion and perform at your best”. Leader self assessment will help to know areas of competency that a leader can use for success and enable them to decide which areas to develop, to minimize impact of weaknesses, understand how your actions and focus creates an environment which enables people to perform at their best and enable to focus on the areas which are critical to the development of a high performance work environment.

Identify respondents and ask for feedback 2- Recognize patterns 3- Compose your self-portrait 4- And redesign your job Conclusions: Benefits of self evaluation/ self assessment as it related to leaders today are fundamentals for reaching the state of effective leader and efficient management. When you know yourself and you know individual managing with you, you gain time and your react adequately when changes occur. You form and managing easily your winning team. Q2. Prejudice can be hurtful and destructive – discuss how you can personally reduce prejudice in your workplace – please provide an example.

A New Joe on the Block: a Coffee Shop Case Analysis buy argumentative essay help: buy argumentative essay help

He needs to understand what makes a coffee shop popular in United States c. Joe needs to know the coffee consumption pattern in United States. 2. What are the deliverables that an outside researcher should produce to help Joe with the Key decision? An outside researcher should be able to provide enough information through descriptive research about key problems faced by his client, “Joe”. The result should have information like right location for coffee shops; commercial areas might be more suitable for coffee shops than residential areas.

Also what affects the popularity of coffee shop, whether it is the brand, services, price, products, consumer behavior and to what extent these variables have on the popularity of the coffee shops, and lastly, how often people consume coffee and what affects their consumption habits. 3. How relevant are the coffee taste studies cited above? Explain. Each study is relevant in its own way. The first two studies compared the four brands with different outcome.

The study that surveyed 100 consumers form a small organics shop provides some insight into the behavior of some adamant coffee drinkers, part of which can be used in understanding the attributes of popular coffee shops. The other studies show different opinion about coffee taste preferences from different locations. All these can provide some kind of understanding about the competitor’s landscape. 4. What flaws in the coffee taste studies should Joe consider in trying to weigh the merits of their results?

The flaw in the first two taste studies is that the conclusions are based on opinion of single person and not a random sample that could reflect consistent pattern among the target consumers. Research based on a single person is not as strong as it would be if it were to be based on more of the target population. The taste studies also reviewed a sample of 100 people from an organic shop, which isn’t the market Joe would be targeting for his coffee shop. 5. Briefly relate this situation to each of the major stages of the marketing research process.

If Joe wants to conduct a business research, firstly he needs the objective in this case that would be what kind of coffee people in United States like and which is the best possible place for his coffee shop. Then he needs to plan a research design and a sample study. Collecting and analyzing the data comes next. Surveying would be the most appropriate in this case. After analyzing the data Joe or his researcher can produce a report to conclude the study. 6. Try to do a quick search to explore the question “ are american consumer preference the same all across the United States ?

Search in the internet shows that Americans choice of coffee is not much different than one another. It may differ a little in terms of place but most of them go for instant coffee and majority of coffee-drinking Americans go for franchaise coffee shop and are loyal to them. The biggest franchaise in America are Dunkin’ Donuts, Starbucks, Mcdonalds. 11% of American adults go to Dunkin’ Donuts. Where as 13% of American adults go to Starbucks. 7. Would it be better for Joe to do the research himself or have a consultant perform the work?

From the report of the research Joe will decide where to open a coffee shop, what kind of coffee he should produce and where to produce. I believe a hiring a specialist is much more suitable option in this situation. 8. If a consultant comes in to do the job, what are three key deliverables that would likely be important to Joe in making a decision to launch the Cup of Joe coffee shop? The three deliverables Joe is looking from his hired consultant would be; which place would be best for his coffee shop, what makes a coffee shop successful and which combination of price and quality most people in that region like most.

Impact of Internet on Students college application essay help online: college application essay help online

Internet can be reckoned as the latest discovery of man which has revolutionised his style of working and living. It has totally reduced distance, broken all man-made barriers and made our world a small place. It brought information at our doorstep opening before us what is known as ‘Information Superhighway’ at the click of a button. However, before people connect to the Internet, they need to be aware of its disadvantages and advantages.

One of the advantages are the Internet is used for is research. Children and students are among the top people who use the Internet for research. Nowadays, it is almost required that students use the Internet for research. The Internet has become one of the biggest sources for research. Almost everyday, research on medical issues becomes easier to locate. Another good thing about the internet is the communication that it makes possible. Most of the business firms communicate with each other with the help of e-mails.

It is not only a faster way but also the safer way too. With internet you can make a video chat with a person who might be in some other continent as of yours, especially with your family. Checking out the news through internet is one of the. Almost all local news can be obtained through the Internet. Up-to-date sports scores are probably the most popular looked at news. Weather is also a popular source to look up on the Internet. Using the Internet to get the weather allows people to view weather all over the world.

Live radar all over the country and local forecasts are just to name a few of the things that may be obtained for weather information on the Internet. One of the drawbacks of internet is that you may risk a theft to your personal information such as name, address, credit card number etc. People can access this information through unsecured connections or by planting software and then use your personal details for their benefit. Needless to say, this may land you in serious trouble. Virus threat is yet another disadvantage of using the Internet.

Today, not only humans getting viruses, but computers too. Viruses are programs that damage the way computer systems normally function. They can slow down a computers speed, crash a whole hard disk, and destroy all data that has been saved. This is more likely when a computer is attached to the Internet. Viruses are, in most cases, impossible to avoid. Even though there are anti-virus programs that exist, they are costly, and when updates run every day on these programs, they too slows down internet connection. Children using the Internet have become a big concern.

Most parents do not realize the dangers involved when their children connect to the Internet. When children are online, they can easily be lured into something dangerous. For example, children may receive pornography online by mistake; therefore, causing concern among parents everywhere. In conclusion, today’s society is in the middle of a technological boom. People can either choose to take advantage of this era, or simply let it pass them by. The Internet is a very powerful tool. It has many advantages; however, people need to be extremely aware of the disadvantages as well.

Symbolism in the Pearl best essay help: best essay help

There was a lot of symbolism in chapter 6 of The Pearl, and most of it is very strong. When Coyotito died it symbolized sadness and anger. Kino was sad because it was his first and only child, and Coyotito was very important to him. He was also angry because he died because of the pearl. Coyotito’s death finally made Kino realize that the pearl was evil and it was destroying his life. He then knew that he had to throw it away to make the evil go away. Juana and Coyotito symbolize security to Kino, because they were always there for him.

They went with him on the journey he took, and stayed with him through many roads and through mountains. Even when trackers were following them, they stayed with Kino instead of hiding. They were important to Kino because they gave him strength throughout the hardships the pearl brought. They also made it harder for Kino to throw away the Pearl because he wanted them to have a better life. He thought the pearl would make them rich and Juana would have better clothes, and Coyotito would go to school. Kino’s knife symbolizes protection and security because it can protect him and his family.

His knife is important to him because it is the only weapon that he has that can fight the trackers. The trackers symbolize evil because they are trying to catch Kino and his family. They try really hard, and chase Kino from home all the way to the mountains. The journey Kino takes to escape from trackers symbolizes his hope and his will for happiness. He is also greedy, but he is desperate for a better life and not to be poor. The pearl symbolizes hope, greed, and evil for Kino. Kino really hopes for a better life where he is not living in poverty.

His hope drives him on, and it makes it hard for him to let it go, even if the pearl is evil. When he has the pearl he turns greedy, and he will do anything to have it so he can be rich. If he was not so greedy, and he got rid of the pearl earlier, his life would be better. Coyotito wouldn’t have died, and he might still have his house. The pearl symbolizes evil and ruined Kino’s life because he became too greedy and wouldn’t throw it back until it was too late and Coyotito died. When Kino finally threw the pearl back into the ocean, it symbolizes him giving up.

It was like Kino giving up the evil and also all of all the hope he had for the pearl. But the pearl was evil and he realized he needed to throw it away. It cost too much for him, like his canoe, his house and finally his own child’s life. He realized he needed to get rid of the evil that the pearl contained. But when he threw it away, he was throwing away his only chance of getting wealthy and having a better life. But it was the best choice, and he chose to go back to how he used to live, which better than how he lived with the pearl anyway.

Can We Know God by Experience? cbest essay help: cbest essay help

Peter Donovan questions whether it is possible to have direct, intuitive knowledge of God. Intuition is an experiential belief characterized by its immediacy. It is direct perception or insight without any need for evidence or argument. Intuition or intuitive knowledge is the main theme of Donovan. He suggested that knowledge can be attained through intuition. Especially the claim that people who have religious experiences can gain an intuitive knowledge of God. Donovan claims that God can be known through ‘finite things’.

He considers the views of 20th century theologians and philosophers who have argued that religious experiences may provide knowledge of God, through intuition. Donovan points out how this idea of intuitive knowledge of God fits with established Christian ways of thinking: God is a personal being who acts in history. He then distinguishes psychological feelings of certainty from actually being right on logical grounds, and associates intuitive awareness of God with the former. Donovan points out that our sense of certainty is often mistaken, an observation he takes from Bertrand Russell.

Although he considers the possibility that experience of God might be a type of personal encounter, I-You relation, Donovan rejects the idea that this is itself a form of knowledge. He does not accept that intuition can provide knowledge of God, but claims that this point does not undermine the value of religious experiences altogether. In this passage, however, Donovan’s focus is upon what intuition is and how it might connect with the topic of religion. He points out how ordinary and common feelings of intuition are – these sensations are part of everyday life.

Donovan gives examples of intuition in practice, where people claim that they ‘just know’ moral or mathematical propositions are true. Donovan questions whether intuition should apply to religion too; can religious experience be a source of conviction without any further argument? The first two sentences of passage two shows that people demand scientific or rational knowledge or arguments, yet they are influenced by intuition sometime. This rises an epistemic question – how do we know anything, what is the legit way to know something?

Donovan then states that there are situations where we feel sure that we know something, but we could not provide any further argument to support it or prove it. This is an example of the concept of blik from Hare. A blik is a frame of reference in terms of which data is interpreted – a mental filter in terms of which the notion of evidence is defined. Hare argued that religious statements are non-cognitive. Religious experiences are not verifiable or factual claims, yet it can still influence people’s mind and action. After describing the situation we obtain intuitive knowledge, Donovan then lists examples of intuitive knowledge.

We just know these examples by experience, no further argument or proof needed. He defined this confident of being right with further proof and argument as intuition. He is also discussing about how people obtain their knowledge generally. People seem to value their experience as a source of knowledge. He considers intuitive knowing is a direct and convincing way of knowing and it needs no further argument. Those examples mentioned demonstrate perfectly ordinary and daily case. Donovan questions are there such things as intuitions in religious issue; in other words, question the role of intuition in religions or religious knowledge.

He then asks does a similar feeling of conviction in cases of religious experience also give us the right to say we know, even without having to produce any further reasons or offer any additional arguments. Religious experience is the feeling of powers of mystery, awe, wonder and fascination, generally occurring in a context of religious expectation, which is beyond ordinary rational explanation. It is claimed to be an inner self – attestation of supernatural reality. Therefore, religious experience is not verifiable.

Nevertheless, following the research by Alistair Hardy’s “Religious Experience Unit”, David Hay claimed that 25% – 45% of British claim to have experienced such thing with the divine. H. P. Owen claimed that we get a grasp on the material world and other people through intuition – we ‘just know’ that they are real, conscious, etc. and the same applies to the believer’s grasp of God. As we know people through actions, we know God through creation. A person’s inner self can be revealed to us, so too with God in Christ. Actions reveal a person’s self and character, so too God’s character can be seen in nature.

As we can grasp that a person brings about certain effects, so we realise that God creates certain realities. In all of these cases, intuition has ‘mediated immediacy’; it feels very real/close but is not direct knowledge. God would not be the product of reason here, but would be encountered through other experiences. Richard Swinburne identified five types of religious experience where people seem to with the divine in The Existence of God (1979). First, God can be perceived by having a private experience that can be described using everyday language; for instance, a dream of divine.

Second, God can be perceived by having a private experience that cannot be described using everyday language; for example, a mystical experience with the divine. Third, God can be perceived via the conviction that people were experiencing God, even though there are no public or private phenomena to be experienced. Forth, God can be perceived by experiencing a perfectly normal phenomenon; for instance, thunder. Finally, God can be perceived by experiencing a very unusual public object; for example, a miracle such as resurrection.

William James (1842-1910) in The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) lists four main characteristics of mysticism: i) Ineffability. The experience is so different from anything else that an individual unable to describe it to anyone else. ii) Noetic quality. Despite their apparently inexpressible nature, such experiences produce a sense of insight into truths that are not attainable by the intellect alone. Rather than being understood through reason and intellectual discussion, these truths are attained through instinct and perception. iii) Transiency. The experience lasts only a short time.

However, they are remembered. They are imperfectly recalled, but recognized if they recur. iv) Passivity. The mystic experience is not active, not participating in the activity. Richard Swinburne has put forward two principles to support the religious experience argument. The “principle of credulity” is one of the principle which in support of the argument from religious experience. The principle of credulity states that if it seems to a subject that x is present, then probably x is present. Generally, says Swinburne, it is reasonable to believe that the world is probably as we experience it to be.

Unless we have some specific reason to question a religious experience, therefore, then we ought to accept that it is at least prima facie evidence for the existence of God. Another principle which put forward by Swinburne is the “principle of testimony”, he argues that it is reasonable to believe that the experiences of others are probably as what has been reported, with the absence of special concerns. In other words, people should trust what the others have claimed unless they have good reason not to. This approach may not show that any religious experiences are veridical, but equally it does show that they could be.

Religious experiences may prove the existence of God for those who have good reasons to interpret them as proof to his existence. This makes them highly subjective. If the experient allows nothing to count against his claim to have experienced God he could said to have a bilk, yet this does not make his experience meaningless. The term bilk was developed by R. M. Hare, who used it to describe the unfalsifiable nature of a religious believer’s claims. Nevertheless, it is not surprising that there are more believers claimed to have religious experience, since they are more likely to know how to identify them.

In the passage given, Donovan lists several examples intuitive knowledge in everyday life. To the extent which Donovan states some convincing example, I agree with his view. Sometime we just know something without the verification principle or falsification principle. In Principia Ethica, G. E Moore argued against naturalistic ethics, and for “intuitionism”. He felt that most ethical theories had fallen into the trap identified by David Hume, that of ought to is. He concluded that goodness is not the same as other natural properties. Some might be able to say, “A thing is good if……”, yet that would always be limiting the definition of good.

Moore thus felt that to say that something was good was similar to referring to the color of that object. The example Moore came up with was the idea of a yellow object. Yellow is not definable, however can be pointed to things that are yellow in order to illustrate the point. It is the same case with the idea “good”. The word “good” is hard to define, but things which are good can be easily identified. This idea of yellow is based on an individual’s intuition. It is the same with good, where some thing is good will is known instinctively.

Something is right if it leads to something that is good. Considered Moore’s example, Donovan’s view on intuition in ordinary life is plausible. In addition, the concept of emotivism supports Donovan and Moore’s idea. The emotivist believes that people make moral judgments on the basis of feelings. They contend that feelings or emotion lead to actions. When people pass moral judgments, they are expressing their emotions on a subject and trying to encourage others to feeling the same way. The idea of knowing God through intuition is attractive to Christians, because it fits with the Bible.

There, God communicates with humanity and is known through nature – experiences are signs and symbols through which he is known. This idea of intuition of God also fits with the idea of ‘faith’ – human response to God. Faith is not just belief without evidence; it is an intuitive response to God. Another idea that is supporting Donovan would be Hare’s idea of blik. In Theology and Falsification, Hare agreed that religious statements are non – cognitive. They are not factual claim which can be verified or falsified, yet they can still affect people’s behavior. He called this a blik.

Religion, religious experience and knowledge are blik; they cannot be proved to be true, but influencing people’s belief and action. Nevertheless, considered the way people gain their knowledge, intuition is not being highly valued. People learn from textbook, experiences, media and other people. Knowledge in textbook is mostly verifiable and falsifiable, for instance, mathematics textbook. Most experiences are verifiable, they can always verify by senses or true by definition. Intuition can be very convincing to one individual; however it is very hard to convince someone else.

Since no further arguments or proofs are provided. To the extent which intuition is too personal and subjective, it fails to persuade the argument from religious experience prove the existence of God. Despite its popularity among some writers and Christians, the views about intuition of God expressed above have been criticized by modern philosophers. This isn’t just an anti-theist bias, but reflects concerns about appealing to intuition in the case of God. Critics of religious intuition distinguish between psychological certainty, feeling certain and rational certainty, being right.

One can feel certain without being right. If one is feeling certain of the time, she can still check that against my watch. However, she can’t check the rightness of her watch against her feeling of certainty. It’s not the feeling which makes us right, no matter how convinced we are. Being right is not a state of mind, but has to do with how our beliefs relate to states of affairs. The problems of feeling certain also apply to intuitive knowledge. The sense of having an intuition may seem clear and direct. Sometimes these feelings are right; this tempts us to think that having an intuition amounts to being right.

Just because there are some accepted intuitions, it does not follow that there is a general and accepted intuitive way of knowing. What counts as knowledge of God is doubted and disputed, so we could not agree what we could work out through intuition, even if we accept that intuition is sometimes reliable. Consequently, philosophers and scholars may suggest many valid reasons for arguing that experience of divine is essentially unverifiable and thus cannot provide valid philosophical grounds for believing in his existence. Firstly, the reliability of the experient needs to taken into account.

If the experient has a history of hallucination or hysteria, or if there are strong reasons to seek to justify their religious beliefs, then there is a need to assess whether the reliability of their testimony may have been affected. Moreover, religious experience may be the outcome of learned behavior, copying others who appear to have experience with the divine or even wish-fulfillment, as Freud explained all religious feelings. It is possible to argue, hence, that although religious experience, if verified, could be the most successful means for proving the existence of God, it is flawed.

Only the one who experienced can say with assurance that the experience they enjoyed originated in the divine rather than anything else, and even then they may be unduly, or even unconsciously, influenced by factors that leads them simply to infer the divine. Logical Positivists contend that it is meaningless to discus about religious experience. Since there could be no observations that would serve to verify their claims. In Language, Truth and Logic (1936), A. J. Ayer dismissed the claims to religious experience.

Ayer’s position was if someone claims to experience the divine, they tend to make the claim as if it were along the same lines as having claimed to have seen an ordinary object. Ayer was criticizing the religious experient who moves from asserting that they are experiencing a particular religious emotion to asserting that there exists a transcendent being which is the object of that emotion. All things considered, there is no absolute solution for this dilemma. To the extent which the person who had a religious experience, the argument from religious experience provided a convincing proof to the existence of God.

Since it is undeniable to that individual. As William James observed, “The results of religious experiences are the only reliable basis for judging whether it is a genuine experience f the divine. ” Yet religious experiences are too subjective and personal to provide convincing proof of the existence of God for those who have not had such experience. In conclusion, the experiences which lead people to talk of encountering God are crucial for religion; they keep religion going. They give a sense of knowing God. The philosophical difficulties of intuition do not detract from their importance for religion.

Religious people may claim that philosophers have hardened their hearts and refuse to be open to God. However, that’s a misunderstanding; a fair number of modern philosophers are themselves believers. They would not want an important experience of God to be discredited by weak arguments. The main point in philosophical criticism of knowing God via experience is that religious reasoning has taken such experience to be a kind of knowledge, immediately available to those who have it. But knowledge doesn’t work like that. The sense of knowing is not on its own a complete sign or source of knowledge.

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