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Running Head: AGRI-BUSINESS College Application Essay Help






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Members of agri-business view AgriStability as a program that requires immediate changes within agro-business sector. The Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) makes agri-business survey on its members on the issues affecting their agri-business industry. Surveys are carried out twice a year by Agri-Business Bottom Line (ABBL) to obtain their contributions on the significant agri-business issues. The ABBL focus on issues such as the qualified labor shortage, environmental farm planning and border issues. The report has some of the issues raised by the agri-business members on the role of different programs that I both agree and disagree with a number of others.
I agree with what the Canadian government is doing in helping their agri-business members. Agri-business is essential because it contributes positively to the local economies. Given the essentials of agri-business in the economy, the government implemented policies and programs that meet the needs of the agri-businesses. The role of the government includes taxation systems, taking responsive agri-business risk managements, environmental planning and ensuring competitive controls .They introduced agri-business risk management plans that are directed towards protecting business members from encountering losses (Labbie, 2010).
However, many agri-business members were not satisfied with the long-term programs under the business risk-management. This is because programs such as the Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization (CAIS) that was a pillar for Agricultural Policy Framework did not achieve its goals (Labbie, Policy Analyst, Saskatchewan and Agri-Business, 2008). They introduced long-term business risk management and failed to integrate stabilization. The Canadian producers were not satisfied with this program because they could not protect them from uncertainties. The CFIB carried out the survey on the reasons for the dissatisfaction of those members participating in the CAIS and the results were used by the government in implementing changes.
The latest survey of agri-business across Canada rated numerous aspects of CFIB. It has many problems unlike the CAIS program within the AgriStability areas. The CFIB has poor customer care, poor timeline issues and its financial issues are unpredictable (Labbie, Agri-business and Policy Analyst, 2010). I agree with this issue because many programs emerge to help small businesses but they fail to fulfill their objectives. They even provide poor services to their members thus making the small business to operate at losses due to poor risk managements. Producers need something that is more responsive given the challenges they undergo. If the programs respond slowly to their problems, they lose hope and move to something more helpful.
I disagree with the issue of AgriStability because it is complicated and does not provide a clear response. The report indicates some entrepreneurs arguing on the inadequate work done by the agricultural ministers in business risk management. In fact, AgriStability needs to be easily predictable, transparent, timely and easily accessible. Small business should adopt CFIB programs and the government should help them by taking serious actions. The report indicates that CFIB works better with programs of business risk management (Labbie, 2010). However, producers argue that there is lack of government action to make this program to succeed.
It is true that government programs work better than the private programs. Even though the government cannot solve the problems that affect agri-business globally, they can take certain actions to improve the environmental conditions of agri-business operation. Consequently, they can implement programs such as AgriStability into farmer-friendly. The last resort is the use of risk management tools even if producers would not need them. The tools should be available, more simple, predictable and timely. This is because the producers want to improve their living standards from the market place.
The information that I found useful and applicable is business risk management by agri-business members. Federal governments have tried to solve the issue of risk that agri-business face but they have not yet made any meaningful changes. In Canada, most agri-business owners identify different problems that they face within AgriStability areas. The issues are solved by the government who in turn take serious actions directed towards AgriStability changes. The government provides risk management tools as the last option in solving the challenges that agri-business members face. Nationally, the agri-business members believe that that the government program in business risk management should be responsible for the protection of farm disaster.
I will recommend the report for reading to a small business owner because they mostly face challenges in the business sector. The economy is facing tough challenges in the business sector and mostly the small business are the ones affected most than the big businesses. The increasing number of small businesses faces economic uncertainties therefore a good place to begin with is to read this report in order to know what they should do. They should identify the criteria being used and examine the numbers of their production and sales reports more closely. Later, they should compare the past and the recent reports to know if they are making profits or they are risking their business. The last option is to reassess their reports and make changes where necessary in order to create results that are more profitable in a challenging economy.
In conclusion, the federal government plays a greater role in the strategic review of Business Risk Management in the agri-business sector. Other programs such AgriStability, Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization and other programs join with CFIB to determine issues facing agri-business members. The federal government plays a greater role in gathering timely information and makes surveys on agri-business daily operation. The CFIB provides excellent information to the government for further clarification and developing agricultural policies in Canada. The information given is essential because it identifies the problems and seeks the way forward to reduce business risks.

Labbie, V., Agri-business and Policy Analyst. (2010). AgriStability or Aggravation? Canadian
Federation of Independent Business .Retrieved from:
Labbie, V., Policy Analyst, Saskatchewan and Agri-Business (2008). Agri-Business Bottom Line
#23. Canadian Federation of Independent Business. Retrieved from: http://www.cfib-
Labbie, V. (2010).CFIB works for better BRM programs. Canadian Federation of Independent
 Business .Retrieved from:

Changing Racism through Political and Legal Processes scholarship essay helpChanging Racism through Political and Legal Processes
It is important to note that the law has a direct connection with political and social issues, which means that when one has to make a social change, the law will have to be involved since it is the maker of rules and social changes that need rules that govern them. Political tools also have a connection with social changes considering that many social changes occur due to certain reasons that could be politically driven, especially during political campaigns. One social change I would love to make using legal and political processes is racism, which affects many minority groups. Considering that legal processes involve creating rules, this would be effective and political processes search as using political leaders to campaign against it (Green, 2006).
One best legal process that can effectively change racism is judicial rulings, where laws that are against racism are made, and punishment for violation is provided so that people would reconsider before committing it. Laws that advocate for equal human rights would be effective in ensuring that every person has rights to liberty, irrespective of race or color. People learn to respect the law and if there were no law on a certain issue, for instance, no law was there for racism, people would not mind if they are racists or not since nothing suggests that it is wrong or right. When a rule such as ‘first come first served’, is put into place, no one except those who like breaking the rules would go against this. For instance, if a white man was brought to court because he refused to let a black man enter his hotel without any reason except color, a judicial ruling would effectively rule it as racial. In order to change this, a rule is made that all people irrespective of color have the right to visit the places they like without discrimination (Halberstadt, Sherman & Sherman, 2011)
Political processes such as coalitions among political leaders would be very effective in changing racism in communities. If two political leaders from the different races merged, this would encourage those below them to appreciate that racism can be done away with. One rule that would make political processes effective in changing racism to unity would be to advocate for political leaders to join irrespective of race to ensure that all races feel represented. Since politicians are the major role models in the society, many would embrace their idea, which would further change racism to unity and peaceful coexistence without hate for each other (Sills & Dijke, 2009).
Using the political and legal processes, a concrete action that would ensure further change against racism could be campaigning against hate crimes, which are on the rise in America. This can be done effectively by the political processes, which are better placed at influencing people’s decisions. This would further increase awareness on the effects of racism that causes hate crimes. On the legal processes, ensuring that hate crimes are reported and the perpetrators of such crimes punished accordingly, would serve to ensure that racism would reduce tremendously, further changing the situation.
In this processes, there are ethical implications that might be crossed either politically of legally by the people involved. For instance, if I am punished for a hate crime that I committed, rather than changing for the better, this could increase my hatred for the other race, and later, I might want to seek vengeance. This could be prevented by talking among the races involved by the political leaders or through imprisonment, though it would create enmity between the families involved. Biasness among politicians who would want their views to hold, and this could act further to aggravate the situation (West-Newman, 2004).
Social changes may not be effective if legal processes that make the rules under which such changes would occur are ignored. Legal processes play a role of enforcing the desired change, while political processes will influence people towards the desired change due to the influential nature of the politicians. Racism can be fought using this method, as long as the decisions made involve everybody who is supposed to be involved, such as representative from all the races. Care should be taken to avoid negative implications that might occur.
Green, J. (January 01, 2006). From Stonechild to Social Cohesion: Anti-Racist Challenges for Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 39, 3, 507-527
Halberstadt, J., Sherman, S., & Sherman, J. (January 01, 2011). Why Barack Obama Is Black: A Cognitive Account of Hypodescent. Psychological Science, 22, 1, 29-33.
Sills, J., & Dijker, A. J. M. (May 01, 2009). Confronting Racism. Science, 324, 5927, 590.
West-Newman, C. L. (February 01, 2004). Anger, Ethnicity, and Claiming Rights. Ethnicities, 4, 1, 27-52.
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The Theory of Digital Divide
            The digital divide describes several scenarios all in which show a difference in the technological advancement between developed and non-developed countries. The digital divide describes the unevenly distributed information and communication technology resources in the world. It also describes the difference between the number of people that own or are in close proximity to a mobile phone or mobile phone technology. The digital divide also describes the difference or the gap between the developed world and the undeveloped world. It can also be used to describe the difference between the people who have access to information and those who do not. The digital divide generally describes the gap created between businesses, geographical areas, households, individuals and other social or political settings that are placed at different socio-economic levels with regard to their use of technologies like the internet for a number of activities and to their access of communication and/ or information technologies.
With reference to the discussion of mobile technology, it is important to include it in the digital divide discussion. For instance, in America, almost ninety percent of the population owns mobile phones. Those who do not own mobile pones make up a rather small percentage of the population. This can be described as the mobile technology digital divide of America. However, this cannot be compared or directly associated to the digital divide in terms of access to the internet. The digital divide on the mobile technology depends on personal decisions and status like income, work status and choice (Meikle 75).
While looking at it in the broader aspect of the global digital divide, it describes the disparities that exist between different parts of the world in terms of their different levels of technological and social development. It would be true to state that, as the internet grows more and more sophisticated, so is the digital divide growing and where it is least available, the society is being left behind. The economies of countries with easier and broader access to the internet have advanced economical platforms than those that do not. This is because, their business is spread out globally and its coverage is more. Social interaction and commerce are depending more and more entirely on the internet.
The digital divide is different in different regions and different situations; however, the closing of the gap is the most important issue to most civilizations today. For instance, a survey conducted in several nations in Europe concentrating on the issue of the digital divide found out that age and education are the two main determining factors for the digital divide. This is because, the young and/or more educated have more interest and hence access to technology and the internet than the older and/or less educated. In Canada on the other hand, the rural urban placement of people dictates the digital divide. A study conducted there showed that around seventy-five percent of Canadians living in urban areas have access to the internet compared to sixty percent of those who live in rural areas. The survey also showed that earnings influence the digital divide a great deal. This is because; ninety percent of people making more than ninety thousand Canadian dollars a year use the internet. This is in comparison to about forty percent of people earning twenty thousand Canadian dollars and below per year (Compaine 218).
Other factors that majorly affect and influence the decrease or increase of the digital divide include state governance and commercial impacts of different countries. For state governance, the case scenario would be an instance where important social decisions are made via technological tools like the internet. This would mean that those without access to these resources would not be represented in the decision making process of the country or state. This would promote the digital divide. In the case of commercial impact, technological tools like the internet go a long way in providing business solutions to businesses due to the advertisement capabilities and solutions they offer. This is however limited to those businesses located in countries with poor resources. This increases the digital divide between the businesses (Mossberger, Caroline & Mary 127).
Works Cited
Compaine, Benjamin. The digital divide: facing a crisis or creating a myth? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001. Print.
Meikle, Graham. Future active: media activism and the internet. Annandale NSW: Pluto Press Australia, 2002. Print.
Mossberger, Karen, Caroline Tolbert & Mary Stansbury. Virtual inequality: beyond the digital divide. Washington D.C: Georgetown University Press, 2003. Print.
Animal Testing best college essay helpAnimal Testing
Over the years, scientists have been able to eradicate some of the diseases that were previously responsible for the death of thousands of people. They researched on the various causes of these diseases and they sought ways of preventing and treating them. In their quest of finding different treatments, they invented many drugs, some of which were harmful to humans. This created a paradox since they ended up killing the same people they were trying to save. Since they could no longer determine the efficacy and safety of the drugs they invented on people, they decided to test the drugs on animals. After these, there was a drastic reduction in the number of deaths reported and efficiency in research improved. Currently, governments require thorough testing of drugs before they are released to the market. People have become more aware of animal rights and animal rights movements have been formed around the world. These movements have been formed with the sole purpose of fighting for the rights of animals and preventing people from using them cruelly. Despite the major strides made in the pharmaceutical and other industries due to animal tests, there are those who still oppose the use of animal tests.
Scientists use animals because their biological traits are considered similar to those of humans. Apart from the biomedical industry, animal testing is also carried out in the cosmetic industry. It is also used for educational purposes and for determining product safety (Watson, 2009). The most common used animals especially for biomedical purposes are the mice and rats. Other animals that are used include horses, apes, dogs and cats. Animal testing began with the discovery of the drug Thalidomide, which was purported to deal with morning sickness. The manufacturers of this drug had not done enough research to determine if the drug caused any side effects or it had any anomalies. Unfortunately, people realized the negative effects of this drug after babies were born with missing limbs.
Before a product is tested on animals, it undergoes in-vitro and computer models tests. This is especially the case for pharmaceutical products and if the drug fails in the two tests, it is not tested on animals. Currently, there is a heated debate involving the use of animal testing and HIV/AIDS research. While many people agree that it is important, and indeed a major breakthrough, to find a cure for HIV/AIDS, they do not realize that such research involves animal testing. These arguments are often confusing to people who would not want to support animal testing. Animal testing is used to test the safety of products. Unfortunately, this is not limited to drugs and other pharmaceutical products. Household cleaning agents, agricultural products and cosmetics are used on animals (Avert, 2011). The mice are usually tested first followed by the rats. Other species such as dogs and non-human primates are tested later (Sherry, 2009).
The Law concerning Animal Testing
The Laboratory Animal Welfare Act was established in 1966. This was after people noted that the cats and dogs, which they had kept as pets, were stolen and resold as experimental subjects. The act required dealers and research facilities, which dealt with animals to follow standards as set by the US Department for Agriculture. The act required that cats, dogs and other animals were treated humanely. Dealers who violated the set rules had their licenses suspended. They were convicted under a court of law and they could be imprisoned for not more than a year or they were forced to pay a fine. The Act was amended in 1970 and it included more animals other than cats, dogs, rabbits, hamsters, and guinea pigs.
The 1970 amendment included all warm blooded animals as determined by the state, that were used for the purpose of research, testing, experimentation, exhibitions and those kept as pets. Horses not used for research, poultry and other livestock used for food or for fiber production was not included in the amendment. Animals had the right to have enough food and water. They were required to have quality accommodation, sanitation, ventilation and veterinary care. Veterinary care included the use drugs to ease pain, appropriate use of anesthetic, analgesic and tranquilizers (Office of Technology Assessment & Congress, n. d.). The Animal Welfare Act continues to be amended to ensure better treatment of animals. The FDA has made several requirements at the preclinical stage. It requires sponsors to develop a pharmacological profile of the drug, determine the acute toxicity of the drug on at least two animals and conduct a short-term toxicity study lasting up to three months (Sherry, 2009).
Arguments in favor of Animal Testing
Proponents of animal testing argue that it has saved many people’s lives. Lack of testing has in the past led to disasters because human lives have been endangered. Some of the drugs contain substances that are poisonous to humans. Testing enables the scientists to determine the right dosage. A little dose can be ineffective to humans while a high dosage can be poisonous. Animal testing has enabled advancement in research in diseases such as diabetes, cancer and HIV. Humans are not the only beneficiaries of animal testing. The animals themselves have also benefited from animal testing. Some of the methods used to treat and prevent diseases in human are also used on animals. Those who advocate for animal testing refute the idea of animal rights and their apparent equality to humans. They argue that animals cannot compare to humans since humans have more intellect and abilities. Since animals do not have the capability of having thoughts and emotions, they do not experience pain and suffering in the same capacity as humans.
Animal testing is considered better to human testing. It would be unethical and dangerous to subject humans to some experiments and some forms of treatment in the hope that it will work since it might lead to loss of lives. Modern medicine could not be the same without animal testing. It has enabled scientists to find out and advance their knowledge concerning gene structure, birth defects and carcinogens among other areas. Animal testing is also useful in surgery. Doctors get a chance to work on animals first before they can work on humans. This gives them much needed experience and reduces the chance of risk (Sherry, 2009).
Arguments Opposing Animal Testing  
There are those who object to animal testing because it subjects the animals to cruelty. Animals are isolated, confined in small spaces and injured as they are experimented on. They are subjected to cruel treatment as they are exposed to dangerous chemicals such as pesticides, drugs, household products and other consumer goods, and harmful cosmetics among other harmful substances. They are mistreated because they lack the chance to exercise and feed properly once they are put in cages. Some are forced to feed on pesticides and cosmetics so that they can determine the danger of such products. This is indeed cruelty and it should be avoided at all costs.
According to the opponents of animal testing, the biological features of humans are very different from those of animals and testing does not guarantee accurate results. They argue that some of the products, which have passed product safety when they are tested on animals, still prove to be harmful on humans. Animals have a different immune system from humans and therefore some of the drugs that have seemed effective on animals might not work on humans. Animals have the capacity of experiencing pain and suffering. The animal rights movement was formed with the intention of educating people concerning the rights of animals. The animals used in experiments may be under a lot of stress and this may directly affect the results of the tests. Some oppose animal testing because it is seen as a slow process compared to other methods of testing. It is expensive and involving since it requires close monitoring of the animals (Hayhurst, 2000). While proponents of animal testing hail contributions made in the health sector because of animal testing, those who oppose it are of the opinion that advancement in medicine would have been possible without animal testing. They cite improvements in hygiene and dietary habits as some of the reason why some of the diseases were eradicated.
Solution and Alternatives
Many countries have banned animal testing in different industries. The United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Belgium have banned the use of animal testing on cosmetic products. Different companies have also been instrumental in the fight against animal testing (Willet, 2010). Because of the many objections of animal testing, scientists are trying to come up with better alternatives. These alternatives can be summarized as refinement, whereby methods which minimize pain and suffering are considered, reduction-include methods of obtaining comparable levels of information from the same number of animals and replacement-include methods which do not involve experimenting on the whole animal (Knight, 2003). Some of these alternatives include cell culture, donated eye tissue and computer modeling (Willet, 2010). Some have suggested using human volunteers during testing instead of animals. Those who support this idea seem to value animals more than they value human beings. This cannot be a feasible solution since it could take the human race back to the day when advancement in medicine ended up killing people instead of saving their lives.
It is not possible to ban the use of animal testing since scientists have not yet developed other means of ensuring the efficacy and safety of products. However, people can take the initiative of using fewer animals during testing. Governments need to establish stricter laws regarding the treatment of animals. Scientists have to realize that animals suffer and they do experience pain when they are subjected to poor treatment. They therefore have to use methods, which ensure that the animals experience less pain. Various groups can share data especially if they are dealing with the same thing. They can share existing data instead of conducting new research and using more animals for their research and testing (Office of Technology Assessment & Congress n. d.). Companies can choose to use products that have already been tested for safety.
Many animals die from road accidents, hunting and through other means. However, it would be reckless of people to ignore their plight by treating them cruelly. The animal rights movement has made some great strides in advocating for better treatment of animals. The movements have ensured that people do not just use animals for the sake of their own pleasure but they are used for scientific reasons. Much as this is commendable, those who oppose human testing have to admit that it has made major contributions on medicine. Hygiene and diet are not the only factors that contributed to eradication of diseases. Without vaccinations, some of the diseases, such as smallpox, which plagued humans, could still be a problem today. The main thing would be to treat animals in a humane way while scientists continue looking for alternative means to testing and ensuring product safety. Substituting the animals for humans is not an alternative since this would lead to more risks and more problems.
Avert. (2011). HIV drugs, vaccines and animal testing. Retrieved from
Avert is concerned with averting HIV and AIDS. The article is concerned with issues concerning vaccines, HIV and animal testing. It gives various arguments on why people support or why they are opposed to animal testing. It also includes the views of animal testing from people who are infected with HIV. It looks at the future of animal testing and HIV. It notes that it is not possible for a person to support research on HIV yet at the same time be opposed to animal testing. This is because HIV tests and vaccines are carried out on animals, specifically the primates.
Hayhurst, C. (2000). Animal testing: The animal rights debate. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group
This book discusses various issues concerning animal testing. It examines the pros and cons of animal testing and looks at the legal and ethical issues involved in animal testing. It starts with an introduction and a brief history concerning animals’ rights and the animal rights movements. It does not fail to point out the benefits realized through animal testing while at the same time criticizing cruelty towards animals. It also examines what the law says regarding this and the subsequent amendments made.
Knight, J. D. (2003). Practical guide to chemical safety testing: Regulatory consequences – chemicals, food packaging and medical devices. United Kingdom: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
This book is not only about animal testing, but it is concerned with chemical safety and testing. It offers different alternatives to animal testing which include the “three Rs”. These are refinement, reduction and replacement. It includes details regarding validation of different methods and organizations involved in validating the alternative methods. It defines different definitions of concept used for validating and it includes aspects of human toxicity.
Office of Technology and Congress. Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education. Troy, MI: DIANE Publishing
The publication offers different topics concerning animal research and testing. It begins by giving a detailed account concerning patterns of animal use in research and testing and the ethical considerations involved. It examines both the religious and philosophical perspective on animal rights. it offers various alternatives to animal testing and research. It details the use of animals for educational purposes and the economic considerations. The book also includes federal and state regulation and laws concerning animal use in testing and research. It includes laws in other countries such as the United Kingdom and Germany and also includes testing guidelines and regulation of animal use within different federal departments and agencies
Sherry, J. C. (2003). Animal rights: a reference handbook. Bloomfield, CO: ABC-CLIO
Sherry talks about human rights and she starts by examining the historical and philosophical background. He notes how people use animals as companions and pets and how different animals can become pests. He takes a philosophical and legal perspective on animal rights and notes that animals experience pain and suffering. He takes a secular and religious viewpoint of animal rights. He ponders and discusses why testing is important and why it is used on animals.
Watson, S. (2009). Animal testing: Issues and ethics. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group
Watson begins by defining animal testing and explaining how animal tests are done. she examines both the arguments for and against animal testing and offers various alternatives to animal testing. It offers different statistics for instance; twenty five million animals are used in research, testing and education. It gives the three main areas of animal testing and research, which are biomedical, education and product safety.
Willet, J. (2010). The American beauty industry encyclopedia. Bloomfield, CO: ABC-CLIO
This encyclopedia includes different topics in the beauty industry. It is important in the animal testing debate since many cosmetics are tested on animals. It looks at the animal rights movement and notes the concerns raised by animal rights activists. Some of the concerns noted include testing beauty products, wearing fur and leather, use of shampoos, mascara and other beauty products that are usually tested on animals. It notes some of the side effects that are noted on animals such as itching, irritation and eye damage.
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The Forsaken…. American Tragedy in Russia, Last Two Questions are from Whirlwind…Pearl Harbor
1. Why were the American citizens willing to immigrate to Russia in the 1930?
Many of the African Americans who were living in the Northeast or Midwest were living in a poor state because they were allocated in the unproductive land that did not participate economically. The increased slavery made numerous black Americans to shift their residence to Russia. Mostly, this was characterized by the evasion of the slavery that was associated with oppression and poor conditions that the slaves faced. In addition, the then government did not support those states where the slaves where due to the emergence of racial segregation in America. The flooding and the boll weevil that destroyed their crops was another reason why these Americans were willing to migrate from America to Russia. Therefore, the desire to have a new life, which was the spirit of adventure, and also the employment factor made many people to shift to Russia
What were their backgrounds, and what did they have in common?
The common feature of the Russian heritage that both the Americans and the Russian had was a link that encouraged many Americans to migrate.
2. Why was Russia willing to accept and allow U.S. citizens to immigrate to Russia?
America in those times had become or had acquired the title of super power after it had conquered the Soviet Union that was dominated by Russia. Thus, the accumulation and settlement of the Americans in Russia would mean that the Soviet Union was growing and later having the ability to challenge the strong powers of America. Thus, this migration posed a lot of risk to the United States for it showed disorganization and ignorance that surrounded their system of governance.
What motivated the Ford Motor Company?
The high number of foreign investments on the company gave it a more stable financial base to enable the company to grow. In addition, the trade agreement between the Russia and the Americans was fairly vital in the provision of fuel for the motor vehicles since Russia was the greatest source of fuel.
Why were the Russians willing to allow U.S. businesses to establish them selves in Russia?
The establishment of US businesses in Russia was beneficial to the Russians since it facilitated technological knowledge transfer. In addition, the trade transaction of the Americans in Russia brought income to the economy of Russians thereby boosting the economic growth in Russia.
4. Why was the U.S. government unwilling to help those Americans trying to get out of Russia?
The US government was reluctant to help those Americans who had migrated to Russia because they had spread a bad image of the American governance. They had brought shame through the accusation that the US government was unable to provide employment and also protection for its citizens. This was an annoying experience that made the US government to be reluctant in helping those escapees.
What efforts and attempts did the U.S. government take to protect them?
The United States and the Soviet Union entered an agreement that allowed the immigrants in the Russia to migrate to Israel. Furthermore, this action was to help the Jews who were discriminated due to their religious background from further oppression. It also had a lot of significance in helping the people of United States who could not cope with the communist era to move to Israel to seek refuge. This was because, the Russian form of governance had been transformed into a communist form of governance and thus it did not favor the existence of the Americans who were Christians.
Why wasn’t the U.S. more aggressive on this matter?
The lack of aggressiveness of the US government in addressing this issue was facilitated by the intention of America to maintain cohesion between different states in the Soviet Union and the communist states. This action had been aimed to prevent further eruption of the war in the world. Hence, the US government was keen to enhance peace and unity in the states of the world.
5. Why has this tragic event been forgotten? Whirlwind
This event has been forgotten because it played little or it had no effect on the operation of the US governance. The migration of these Americans was out of their deliberate will hence no one had forced them to migrate sequentially they were to face the results of their actions.
What difficulties did the U.S. have trying to operate out of India and China?
India and china were among the communist states that comprised the Russian states thus they were not supporting the American. This meant that China and India were silent enemies of America and in consequence they would possibly betray the American to other enemies.
What types of problems and difficulties did the U.S. encounter operating from he Marianas and Iwo Jima?
The US marine faced a tragic event that involved the out break of heavy fire from Mount Subibach which affected them greatly in terms of defense during the war.
3. What problems did the U.S. encounter in terms of leadership in the air war against Japan?
            The technical problems faced their engines was a challenge during the war. In addition, the suicidal bombers affected the US air force.
What was the strategy behind firebombing?
The fire bombing was aimed at capturing the Iwo Jima in which the US wanted to use it as a war base against Japan.
Was it effective?
The strategy was effective since the US army had the full support from both the marine and the air force.
 What other strategies would have been more effective?
The US could intensify the night raids against their opponents who also used to attack them unaware during the night.
Did it convince the Japanese to surrender?
The strategy to bomb Japan during the night was the greatest achievement that made the Japanese to surrender due to the destruction that was caused.
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Many of the American song composers were motivated by the fact that singing was facilitated by events such as war and other religious events. Looking at the work of William Booth, Copland and Anger we are able to define characters that encompassed an American artist. This is with closer look at the literal devices they used in their music composition such as the beat, the rhythm and the rhyming scheme.
For instance, the introduction of the Salvation Army was standard that was set after the military, with reference to the colors of the flag the music was defined, frequently with Christian religion words to common and traditional melody sung in the meeting places. Booth, with other militant personnel in the Christian ministry was serious in composing songs that had reference to the human way of living. He later became the chief general in the church ministry where he was working and thus his music career was enhanced through religious activities. In addition the members that were working with him got also promoted and thus the American music was promoted by those soldiers in Christ through his song Enters into Heaven.
Copland acknowledged one supplementary observable fact to blend his effort .The actions of the mass media industry facilitated the composers to be able to for the first time to rise above the restrictions of the concert-hall and get in touch with popular spectators with solemn music work. Copland was very influential artist whose work was identified through its transition mode of reaching to people without the consideration of the level or class as compared to other artist. This was done through the effective communication style that he employed in order to capture the attention of his audience. His songs were characterized by the literal schemes that were unique and thus having the power to influence the audience in an effective way such as his influential song Appalachian Spring. The music he sung had the appealing effect that rather then entertaining it also affected the audience emotionally. This made the audience to have the capability to move with the beat of the music until the end of the music e to its touching and influencing effect it had on the listener.
In the study of rhythm; there are notable examples that are in the historical environment of styles. This is because as each day comes the focus on the music has been rated in two broad categories. This sector involves the ability of a song to display the theme, rhythm and the applied harmony. The work of Anger has been characterized by these attributes that also encompasses concentration of the effective use of the vocabulary. In many instances, the work of Anger has been quoted in to have an entertaining move to the audience because he concentrated on what he was best in doing. The introduction of the Metallica rock songs had an influencer of energy on the audience thus having the power to influence in the American entertainment industry. Although he was not in the religious activity, he managed to rock in the secular world due to his unique code of transforming his rhyming scheme. This is because his song of Street stuff comprised of a great form of rhyming scheme that facilitated a faster mode of beat that brought about dancing experience.
The issue of recognition in the American industry was enhanced through the ability of the singer to relate to the right audience. This is because, the audience that William could gather, Anger could not. This was related to the music content and the group of people that the singer was targeting in his song composition. Therefore, for a singer to be recognized in the American music industry, he or she had to have a target group that would help him to be popularized across all the networks. This was with much consideration of the both sides of the society; the secular and the religion side. These factors were important for they brought recognition of a certain musician in his field of work.
Running Head: THE TRENDS STEEL INDUSTRY: IMPACTS ON NUCOR CORPORATION a level english language essay help





The Nucor Corporation is a steel company is a steel company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. The highly segmented and independent company allows each manager to operate their own segment as a business entity. The company maintains a high level of respect between its management and employees. This has helped the company acquire its goals and has given the employees job security and a good working environment. The organization structure and the human resource issues have contributed to the success of the company; however, the trends in the steel company have caused impacts forcing it to venture into related diversification.
The trends steel industry: impacts on Nucor Corporation
Nuclear company was originally set up to manufacture nuclear instruments and electronic gargets. This business was highly profitable at the time but it failed to gather momentum. The Nucor Corporation went through years of financial strains while under the Nuclear Corporation of America hence the board of directors opted for new management. The board elected Kenneth Iverson as the president; he viewed that the only way of bringing change was by building the company around its subsidiary that was dealing in steel production at that time. The president named the company Nucor Corporation and planed to make it the largest steel industry in the United States. By 1985 The company had grown and was ranked the seventh largest in the United States, it had a four state of the art steel mills that used electric furnace and six beam plants. By the year 2000, it was the second largest producer earning revenue of 4.8 billion dollars. The current trends in the steel industry are that there are shortages in demand due to the fall of the global economy (Hitt 2009). The company will highly rely on automotive and construction recovery, if there is less demand then the company will have less supply hence less profit. The issue of competition from other steel companies is another great hindrance. The company is experiencing pressure from substitutes, suppliers, and new entrants in the market. The company however, is bracing its self towards dealing with such issues by implementing strong marketing strategies, diversifying into products and new products, and using new technologies.
Organization structure and management philosophy at Nucor Corporation.
Nucor is known for its culture and its commitment towards employees. The organization structure at the company allows the employees to make and implement quick decisions nurturing trust teamwork. Most of the daily decisions are made by the plant level managers together with their staff members with minimal interference from the top management. The general managers are given freedom to take decisions regarding setting production targets, finalizing marketing strategies, finding customers and sourcing for raw materials. The managers are free to use new technology. This encourages employees to try out new technologies and new processes. Moreover, the management made it a policy not to punish mistakes but maintain high tolerance levels.
For example, one manager chose to install an induction furnace that was worth 10 million dollars. The new furnace failed to perform breaking down, later he decided to install back the electric one back. The manager was not punished but was encouraged in replacing it. The workers are not laid off even in times of economic crisis neither has the company shut down. The recruitment process at Nucor focuses on employing people with the right mind and morale for work rather than those with skills. The reward system insists accurate pay based on the level of work done, they are given certain production goals, and their pay depended on the goals. However, the hourly pay was nine dollars per hour as compared to the average of eighteen per hour but they earned more than their counter parts in the industry due to the reward system. The incentive plan resulted in healthy competition among different plants and promoted high productivity. For instance, workers at Nucor’s Hickman plant worked hard to break the production records of Nucor’s Yamato. The grievance scheme at the company allows any employee to approach the management whenever there is a complaint. This factor has influenced performance at the organization.
Human resource management issues related to strategic management
Firstly, Nucor Corporation should hire skilled personnel. Currently there are enormous changes in technology and Nucor Corporation has adopted the system of not hiring skilled personnel into their company. The company prefers hiring people that have a mind focused on growth. The company has made many profits while still under the same work force but if it trained its employees, the situation would be better. For a company to achieve its goals the issue of having a competent workforce is important. The company should have employees that understand are specialized at there level of work. For example, the manager who installed an induced furnace should have sort for expertise knowledge if he did not know about the services the furnace could have given. The manager should have been experienced in the area.
Secondly, the employees should be taken through training processes. The whole structure of management should be trained before they are employed for the job to avoid damages and unanticipated losses. Training is an essential part of contributing towards organizational goals since the employees with be knowledgeable of the direction the company is headed.
The president should only assign partial responsibility to the managers so he can monitor and make the most crucial decisions. These will reduce damages and losses committed by the line managers in their units. The costs incurred by the separate units will also be reduced since they will be distributed from a central office. Company benefits, the company should implement a scheme that offers benefit packages to its members apart from the payment scheme that is based on productivity. This is important in boosting the morale of its employees. The company should also acquire medical covers for the employees incase accidents occur. Strategic management deals with managers taking initiatives on behalf of owners. These human resource issues like the skilled employees, training processes, manager’s responsibility and compensation contribute to strategy management. These people are the people building the company and without them, the company would not exist.
Related diversification
Related diversification is more successful strategy than unrelated. Diversification is a form of growth strategy for a company, it seeks to increase profits through increased sales obtained from the new products. It is more likely to expand to a new segment of an industry but within the same business existing. Scholars have long argued that firms should diversify into more related industries to pursue synergies (Thompson 2010). However, if diversification strategies are solely based on synergy benefits, then after controlling for conditions such as competition and market growth. We should observe the company exhaust potential opportunities in all related markets before venturing into unrelated diversification that is regarded as having less synergy benefits. Related diversification should be implemented, for example, the company should manufacture farm equipments this will increase their market and profits will rise. When Nucor Company opens a new subsidiary dealing with farm equipments they will incur less costs and enter new markets. They will get more profits since both companies will be making sales. Finally, related diversification is a form of marketing because the people will have full information of where to get steel products without incurring much cost.
The organizational structure of a company venturing into related diversification
In order to venture into related diversification, the company should enact a different organization structure. The structure should compose of other managers who head the new section created; the company should also hire more employees to run the new business. The company will in other words grow more and become complex. The company should hire new workers who are highly skilled to head the new unit of business because it will be entering a new market. The business structure will be bigger and will need to be headed by skilled personnel since the business will be making a new entry in the market. For example, if Nucor opens a company specializing in farm products, the new company will require employees who are knowledgeable in the field and they again need to train the employees to ensure efficient running of the company. Training, hiring skilled staff, delegating authority and decentralization of activities are the organization issues. Centralization of activities will have to be done in order to manage the resources of the company within the same area hence costs will be reduced.
The Nucor Company is facing shortages of demand since there is a crisis in the global economy. It should implement strong marketing strategies to help it market its products. The company is also bracing itself towards using new technology. The company has a strong organization structure composed of independent managers who make their own decisions. This however, is a threat to the organization since work is not centralized leading to incurring high costs. Lastly, the company should venture into related diversification to increase its profits.

Hitt, M., (2009). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization: cases. California, Cengage Learning.
Thompson, A., Strickland, A.J., & Gamble, J.E.(2010). Crafting and executing strategy: The quest for competitive advantage: Concept and cases: 2009 custom edition (17th Ed).New York: McGraw-Hill-Irwin.
Zhou, M. (2007). Related diversification and structural complexity. Michigan: University of     Michigan.

Week 2 Discussion college admissions essay helpWeek 2 Discussion 1
Taoism has teachings that are based on revelations that were from several sources. Different braches exist of Taoism and all have different unique beliefs, especially about nature. However, the core beliefs that all the sects share include, the symbol represented by the Tai-Chi or he Yin-Yang symbol, the notion of action through inaction or the wu-wei. Taoism is generally the belief in pragmatism, embodiment, and practices that actualize nature with themselves. Legalism on the other hand was just a political philosophy that followed utilitarian principles and that was not concerned about nature and the purpose of life like the one Taoism did. Confucianism was developed by a Chinese philosopher Confucius. It is a system of quasi-religious beliefs that governs a person’s social, moral, political and philosophical actions and thoughts. Confucians believe in the development of morals to perfection and the cultivation of virtue.
Confucius spoke to his people through a system known as Analects, which concentrated more on the nurturing of the human brain with knowledge and education. Taoism also used analects though they had a handbook that differed greatly with Confucian teachings. Legalism used written teachings that consisted mostly of political teachings and social order. Confucius had the most impact on the people since his teachings promoted the development of peace, society, unity, democracy and love. He also traveled far and wide teaching and spreading his teachings to leaders all over East Asia and mostly taught about good leadership, improvement of individual behavior and social harmony and development.
Sanders, T., Nelson, S. H., Morillo, S., & Ellenberger, N. (2006). Encounters in World History Sources and Themes from the Global Past Volume 1: to 1500. New York, NY: McGraw Hill
Response to Audrey Williams
I agree with Audrey Williams’ response to the question since she has given a concise comparison of the three principles in addition to what each system believed in. She also gave a detailed description of the founders of all the principles in addition what they believed to be most important in their doctrines. I also agree with the modes of speaking to the people that she stated and when she stated that the Confucian belief system had the most impact on the people.
Response to Patricia Burton
Burton’s description of the three belief systems was not clear to me and I disagree when she calls them schools and not belief systems. I believe that the three systems all had schools in which they taught their followers in and were not just schools. She also stated what was important to the three different systems but did not state what was different between them. She mentioned the different books in which the sets of beliefs were written in. I also disagree with the mode she mentioned as which the three systems used to communicate or with their people.
Week 2 Discussion 2
            The Indian caste system was a system of social stratification that created restrictions socially to different people in different communities. The people were divided into communities that were called Jatis and they formed the different castes. There were four castes known as Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras in order of the importance and rank in society. The caste system worked in a way where a person was born into a certain caste depending on their family. The system was developed to differentiate the rulers and their subjects, and the royal families from the peasants. The role of the woman in society was mainly as a wife and a mother. When girls were born, they were given out for marriage at the tender age of eight. Women were supposed to be trained and mentored by their mothers to be good wives that would take care of their husbands by making themselves beautiful, serving their husbands in all ways necessary, talk womanly words, have womanly appearance and possess womanly virtue.
The most popular systems of religion in India, Buddhism and Hinduism, mostly dwelled on the lower castes in their teachings. This gave them popularity since they gave hope to the majority who belonged to the lower castes and gave them promises of being reincarnated into higher castes if they lived according to the teachings they taught. The Indian society was greatly affected by the caste system in that, the stratifications created, created conflicts between the people and they even developed to become geographical stratifications since each caste had an area where majority of them resided and no one from a lower or higher caste was allowed to dwell.
Sanders, T., Nelson, S. H., Morillo, S., & Ellenberger, N. (2006). Encounters in World History Sources and Themes from the Global Past Volume 1: to 1500. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Response to Audrey Williams
I agree with most of the information contained in Audrey’s post though she was not fully clear on what the castes were formed to do or their function in society. She was also not clear about the reason why the system was developed. On the woman’s role in society, she mentioned the qualifications but was not clear on what particular activities the woman was supposed to carry out. The rest of the information on her post was quite concise and clear.
Response to Shawn Hubbard
Shawn’s post is quite brief and to the point though it has a lot of information, the information was not quite elaborated on. He did a lot of stating and did not expound on his main points. He did not give the role of the woman in depth and to what particular activities she performed. I support his view of the religions’ perspectives on the caste system.
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Informed Consent as it Connects to Tissue Research
Informed consent is defined as “the process of communication between a patient and a physician that results in the patient’s authorization or agreement to undergo a specific medical intervention” (American Medical Association). Information to be disclosed to a client includes the purpose of a procedure, alternatives and risks and benefits of the alternative treatment and of undergoing the procedure. Everybody is entitled to know what is happening to his or her body and how the doctor or health practitioner intends on using her or him. Before using human tissue for commercial purposes, one has to obtain informed consent from the patient, potential commercial application must be obtained from the patient before profit is realized and the profits realized must be shared with the patient. Human tissues and all its products should not be used for commercial purposes without the informed consent of the patient who provided the original cellular material (American Medical Association). HeLa cells have been used for research on many diseases and they have enabled scientists to find drugs and vaccines. They have profited many people but unfortunately, they have not benefited Lack’s family.
The case of Henrietta Lacks is a classic example of how all these guidelines have been violated. Despite the fact that the rules had not been put in place then, there should have been some accountability regarding the HeLa cells. Her cells were used without her knowledge and consent and this affected her family psychologically. Unfortunately, this problem is not prevalent in the United States only but other countries such as the United Kingdom have also enacted laws to ensure that doctors, other health practitioners and scientists do not exploit people for the sake of medicine and science (Biggs 144). Children and incompetent adults cannot give informed consent. Informed consent is not possible where the person is dead. However, children eventually grow up and the dead leave their relatives behind. If the person who originally gave the cells is dead, due consideration should be given to the close relatives. Informed consent should include provisions dealing with such matters. Using tissue samples without the knowledge and consent of the client is simply an act of exploitation. It is a way of telling scientists that they can do their research without protocol since there are no regulations and consequences that follow.
For an informed consent to be ethical, it should clearly define what should be included in the human tissue samples that are to be used. This includes body organs and fluids. The patient should be aware of the doctor’s reason for obtaining the tissue sample. All the donors should clearly understand what it means to donate their cells. Henrietta Lacks was not aware of what the doctors’ intentions were when he took cells from her cervix. She might not have had the right to ask the doctor questions at that time since there were no regulations concerning such issues. Her children and grandchildren were not aware of the rights offered to them under the law. Informed consent should be clearly written down and easy for everyone to understand to enable better understanding and clarity of the issues. A patient should not sign a consent form before understanding all the information contained. Patients who do not have high literacy levels should be guided and the information contained should be explained.
Informed consent should include the all workings of the procedure. The informed consent should clearly state what the procedure will involve. Some patients may consider some of the procedures as an invasion of their privacy, since the doctor will know about their lives. It should be a strictly confidential process, and should be between the doctor and the patient. If there is another party to be included, the patient should be made aware of this. This is for the sake of the patient and for the protection of his or her privacy.
Works Cited:
American Medical Association. Commercial Use of Human Tissue. 2011. Web. 9 May 2011.
American Medical Association. Informed Consent. 2011. Web. 9 May 2011.
Biggs, Haze. Healthcare Research Ethics and Law: Regulation, Review and Responsibility. United Kingdom: Routledge, 2010. Print
Skloot, Rebecca. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. New York, NY Crown Publishers, 2010. Print .
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Role played by the Hamas government in the Arab- Israeli Peace Summit
Hamas is a political party that governs the Gaza Strip. An Islamic resistance group that has a military wing, it has governed the Gaza Strip since June 2007 when it won majority of the Palestinian seats in the Parliamentary elections. It was originally founded in 1987 by Sheik Ahmed Yassin to liberate the Palestine from Israeli occupation and to establish an Islamic state in the now Israel and Gaza Strip. However, our political bureau chief named Khaled Meshal was willing to cooperate with the Arab-Israeli conflict resolutions, which include a Palestinian state based on the 1967 boarders. It sated that the Palestinian refugees may return to Israel. We the Hamas describe the conflict between the Palestine and the Israeli as political but not religious. The main cause of the conflict dates back to 1948 with the creation of Israel and the fight has been to bring home the refugees to our Palestinian state. However, there is this theme recurrent to the peace process, we feel that the Israeli are offering too little, and there is mistrust in its motives and actions. The main issues revolve around; boarder and division of land, status of Jerusalem, Israeli security issues over terrorism and return of the Palestinian refugees. The Palestinians in particular the Hamas have priorities as a group, are nonetheless willing to compromise with certain situations, and provide solutions to their conflicts.
Priorities and compromises
The Hamas group has priorities. They gave a list of their priorities at the Peace Summit stating that they wanted Palestine to be a 0ne-State nation with Muslim government. They wanted all Muslims to unite as one and work together as a nation. For along time the Palestinians have wanted to make their own laws and work as an independent state without the interference of other nations. Nevertheless, as a group we were willing to compromise with several issues. Firstly, we were willing to allow the Jews, Christians, and the Muslim the freedom to practice their religion. Everyone is entitled to practice their religion wherever they are based at including the Palestinian territory. We are also willing to compromise with the issue of traveling freely to the different areas and transact business wherever the Israeli wish.
Proposed solutions to the six major problems
The Hamas were willing to have one Palestinian state. The Hamas government wants to create boarders and create one Islamic nation. The government is to be run by committed Muslims. The Gaza Strip and West Bank territories must eventually be part of an independent Palestinian state. In 1980, Yasser Arafat was offered 92 percent of West Bank, the Arabic neighborhood of East Jerusalem and the whole of Gaza Strip by the then Prime Minister but he turned down the offer. However, we have agreed that the Israeli can live in the territories but there will be a boarder. The two communities will live peacefully and everyone will have equal rights to practice the religion of their interest and movement.
The second issue concerns security between the two nations. Throughout the conflict has been a major concern for mostly the Israelis. Other nations refer to the violence against the Israeli civilians and military forces by our Palestinian militants as terrorism. The main reason for the violence is to eliminate the Jewish state and replace it with a Palestinian state. Suicide bombing is commonly used as a tactic; most of the bombers target civilian buses, hotels, market places, and shopping malls. The Israeli government has constructed security barriers in the northern part of the green line near the West bank following attacks by terrorists. In the first Intifada, over a thousand Palestinians were killed in a campaign to crack down suspected Israeli security service informers. The Palestinian authority was criticized for not trying the named suspects under their laws and it was published that less than 45 percent of those killed were actually guilty of informing the Israeli government. In the Gaza Strip, Hamas officials have killed and tortured a large number of people including the Fatah members and Palestinians who oppose the law. The main aim of causing all these violence was to prevent the Israeli from taking over our nation. However, in the peace summit we have agreed not to cause more violence but offer security to our fellow Palestinians. The Palestine security has enacted a policy. The policy states that it will be the only security authority, the council will legalize the carrying of arms by civilians, and the force will only act systematically against terror and violence. The two governments have signed a mutual understanding stating that the two shall coordinate and cooperate in mutual security matters. A committee will be enacted to deal with security matters pertaining West Bank and Gaza Strip. The committee shall communicate information between the two sides needed to solve security matters. The Palestinian security shall maintain internal security and prevent violence within and outside its boundaries.
The issue of Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories is another issue bringing conflict. Our occupied Palestinian territory that refers to the Gaza Strip and West Bank belonged to us the Palestinians until it was acquired by the Israeli in the year 1967. Most Israelis claim that the land was acquired under no agreement, there was valid diplomatic agreement hence it belonged to no party. The Palestinians must control all of Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, West Bank and the whole of Israel since it is our land. Besides the peace process, we are not willing to surrender the land that belonged to us. For peace to prevail Israel must surrender our land and there shall never be violence any longer. The settlements have diverted the resources we need like water and arable land. The settlements have also reduced our ability to travel freely via local transport due to security purposes.
Palestinian refugees in refugee camps who fled during the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict have a right to return to their land. During the war most Palestinians fled for safety, the number is estimate at around 711,000 people. Their descendants are eligible for registration under the United Nations agency. A small number live in recognized camps based in Gaza Strip, West Bank, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. The Palestinian law of return that grants citizenship to any Palestinian should be enacted to help all the refugees to return to their former land.
Jerusalem should be controlled by the Palestinians. It belonged to us until it was grabbed by the Israelis in the year 1967. Israeli refuse to divide the city into two hence the area that was not their’s by 1967 should be granted to us. The sites should be built mosques and are part of the Palestinian state. When Jerusalem was under Jordan control, no Jews were allowed to visit neither the holy places including the Mount of Olives, nor the western wall. In the year 2000 we took over Joseph’s tomb that is considered sacred to the Jews, and us, we erected the building and built a mosque. There are many unauthorized excavations for construction on the temple Mount in Jerusalem threatening the stability of the Western wall. The western wall is an Islamic endowment; it is part of the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The wall –all its various parts, structures, and gates are an inseparable part of the al-Aqsa compound. It is part of its western tower. The tower that the Israeli established fallaciously and sneakily calls the “Wailing wall.” The wall must be brought done by the Palestinians who will pay for the expenses.
We have held diverse perceptions of the peace process as a government or group. The proposed solutions were consistent with the priorities. The solutions if put into consideration will contribute towards one Palestinian nation and peace in general. No one will suffer terrorism and we will all live peacefully. However, in the peace summit most of the attendants opposed to the solutions. The solutions were ridiculed by most members stating that it was an unfair move. Members of the human rights commission who were present in the summit termed our solutions as inhuman. There justification was that the Israeli are also human, and driving them away from the land will not be justice. They further expressed that the act will lead to more conflicts leading to wars. Additional to that they suggested that been granted a Palestinian state will not contribute to regional stability. The Jordan peace plan calls for Israeli and other nations to recognize the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan as the sole legitimate representative of the Arabs of Samaria and Judea. Both Israeli and Jordan will cooperate in conducting local affairs. The Arab state is now Jordan, which was enacted in the year 1922 when Britain shared most of the land to Amir Abdullah. Most of the people living in Jordan are Palestinians from West Bank. Abdullah has adopted the idea of Jordan-Palestinian togetherness. The peace plan is great since it will enhance peace within and outside our territories; Arabic sources within the Judea and Samaria indicate great support for the initiative. The move is however not fully effective since us the Hamas group will not have acquired our native land. Lastly, our vote was viewed as contradicting since firstly we supported destruction and inequality but lastly we agreed on the Jordan peace plan.
Bilingual Children college application essay help

Bilingual Children





Bilingual Children
Bilingual is used to refer to those children who are able to converse or at least have been spoken to in more than two languages at their birth homes or at daycare. Raising a bilingual child is highly challenging thus requires an individual to be more innovative, committed and dedicated. Bilingualism encourages learning and speaking of more than one language most of the time. Children with exposure to learning a second language have the opportunity to develop in the world. The new opportunities may be in terms of whom they can converse with, what to be read, and where they can visit at ease.
People seek out for bilingual children because of different reasons that motivate them to raise bilingual children. This includes use of different languages to converse and that the parents use similar language, yet they live in a society where most people speak something very different. Therefore, a bilingual home situation occurs when both parents use different languages to speak to the child, whereas a bilingual setting situation involves parents wishing to speak their own language to children even when the children requires to function in the outside world.
During this period of research on the experience from those having bilingual children, various questions need to be answered. For instance, do these children become confused when they are spoken to by different languages? Here we find that children are never affected since they are extremely sensitive to various ways people speak. They learn very quickly about the differences between the manner in which men and women speak. Thus, bilingual situation is just a matter of other differences between people.
Research shows that bilingual children never mix their languages when speaking. They achieve this by being careful and only using relevant language. The best way to teach children to speak more than one language without mixing is through exposure and desire. For example, exposing a child to a language in various situations with many different people from their time of birth, they will learn the language if they desire to interact with world around them. Exposing a child to two languages with different people from the time, they are born, and if they desire both languages to communicate with those close to them, they will learn both languages.
Some benefits arise from raising bilingual children and they include having the ability to speak and interact well with people of different languages. They stand a good chance of understanding their own culture at a faster rate than monolingual children understand. Bilingual children are beneficial because they are able to speak with their parents and the large family in their own mother tongue. These children are in better position of forming relationships more easily if they can speak and not hold that feeling of isolation and separation from the family. It provides them with a good opportunity to learn a second language, which opens for them new chances to read, communicate and even travel while at ease.
Learning different languages is seen as an opening to new opportunities especial in the development of problem solving ablilities, memory skill, reading abilities, performing well in academic especially in college levels. A bilingual child increases his or her self-esteem and self-confidence (, 1999). This is because the child is able to adapt easily to various language environments. However, there are challenges encountered in the process of teaching the child a different language. For instance, chances of the child mixing languages temporally especially when he or she does not get the some words clearly. This may lead to poor balance in a child. In case he or she does not hear the second language clearly, they may lack enough exposure for that language to grow naturally. Therefore, it is extremely necessary that both parents know and understand well the more significant language to enable a child not to desire the less important language.
References (1999, Dec 21). A double life: raising bilingual children. Retrieved from

Muna Abusulayman argumentative essay helpMuna Abusulayman
Saudi Arabia has had a negative image for a long time especially because of how it treats women. Because of this, many women leaders in business, media and in other social contexts have emerged as they try to present a better image of the kingdom to the western world. Many people outside the region are misinformed regarding the culture and lifestyle of the people. They often rely on the media to get the information they need. The media is usually biased on some of the issues since they only give one side of the issue. Instead of wallowing in self-pity and feeling sorry about the situation in their country, some women have taken the initiative to make their nation better. Muna Abusulayman is one of the women who intend on making a difference in the world, especially in her kingdom. At a young age she has accomplished so much and she is not about to stop.
Muna Abusulayman has been the presenter of a popular talk show on MBC for five years. This is a big accomplishment, especially since it is in a country where media freedom is limited, and women do not have a wide variety of career choices. The show dealt with many issues such as gender, economic, culture, education and social issues in the Islamic world. Through this, she was able to portray Saudi Arabia for what it really is, and for where it is going, and she removed the distorted and biased view about the kingdom. She advocated and continues to advocate for women’s rights and freedom. She was the executive manager of strategic studies and research initiatives at Prince Alwaleed bin Talal’s Kingdom Holding Company before becoming the executive director of the HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Kingdom foundation. As a manager of strategic studies, she coordinated with institutions such as the World Economic Forum in Davos, C-100 in Sharm El Sheikh, American-Arab Discrimination Committee, United Nations and several academic institutions. Muna helped in developing the company’s mission and vision and set the operations for the philanthropic activities it would undertake. The foundation deals wit humanitarian issues such as global disaster relief and poverty alleviation. It is also concerned with women empowerment programs and it aims to bridge the gap between Islamic and western relations. She is also a lecturer at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia where she teaches American literature, a position she has held since 1997.
It is not surprising that she has taken on so many roles. Muna believes that there is nothing impossible and she encourages young girls not to give up hope noting that, “There is almost no limitation to where you can go… look at your life and learn from your own mistakes because nobody will tell you what they are” (The Saudi Gazette, 2011). She has lived with this principle and it is reflected in both her personal and professional life. Muna participates in many debates forums and she is invited to speak in many countries concerning diverse number of issues. These range from philanthropic issues to controversial issues on religion and the role of women. Muna has worked in various projects, which has made the society a better place. She has worked to alleviate poverty especially through the kingdom foundation. She has also worked in educational development and she is especially concerned with the quality of higher education in the Muslim world. Muna is a founding member of the new Middle East Gender Parity Group at the World Economic Forum. She is also a member of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council and a founding fellow of the Future Shapers Collaborative. She has served as a volunteer director for the Friends of Saudi Arabia Association and she is a member of the Saudi Media Association (SUSRIS 2008)
Muna has overcome many challenges to be where she is today. She is a divorced woman and single professional mother of two children and juggling between family and career has not been an easy thing to do. She has faced bias from the society because of her marital situation. Saudi Arabia is yet to fully liberate women although there have been great strides over the years. Women are not accorded the same status as men and this can sometimes limit what they can do. Sometimes, conservative women pose the greatest challenge to the women who are advocating for change. This is a big hindrance for those who are seeking and fighting for justice. When she was appointed as the executive director of the Alwaleed bin Talal foundation, she did not have any experience in business and she had to learn so that she could be able to carry out her work effectively. Muna knows the importance of education and learning and she decided to take courses that would help her in business. This was a hard thing to do because she had so many responsibilities and obligations.
Another challenge that Muna has had to face is maintaining her culture and religion in a diverse society. She lived in a region where there were multiple faiths and different cultures as a young girl but she still managed to hold on to the principles of Islamic teachings. It was important to her to maintain her religion and culture because it partly defined who she was as a woman. Her work at the foundation presents many challenges. Many places need help and deciding on whom to give grants and aids to is a challenge. The foundation does not deal with charities in Saudi Arabia only but in many regions around the world. There is a general misunderstanding in non-Muslim nations and most people are strict with people coming from Islamic nations. This is because of the terrorist activities that have been reported in several regions around the world. As one of the representatives of the foundation, Muna has to deal with such suspicions even when the foundation is on a humanitarian mission (SUSRIS 2008).
Her persistence, experience and knowledge have enabled her to reach great heights. She has achieved different honors, awards and recognitions from different institutions and organizations. Perhaps her greatest achievement came in 2005, when she was appointed as the goodwill ambassador by the United Nations Development Program. UNDP looks for individuals who have already made major accomplishments in life and in their societies and they appoint them as goodwill ambassadors, to highlight causes such as protection of human rights, women empowerment, environmental conservation and sustainability, eradicating poverty and making the planet a better place. She was the first woman from Saudi Arabia to receive such an appointment. Muna is also a recipient of the Achievement in Regional and International Award. She was given the award in 2007 by the Middle East Excellence Award. In 2007, she was named the Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. The award recognizes people who have made professional accomplishments, who are committed to the society and who have the potential to contribute to shaping the future of the world. Muna holds the 2010 Medinge Group Colin Award. The award recognizes individuals who have made positive contributions for the betterment of the society through socially responsible, sustainable and humanistic behavior (The Medinge Group, 2010).
Muna is a leader by all standards and her recognition by various institutions is testament to that. I consider her a leader because of the changes she has initiated in the society. Some of the changes she has initiated may seem trivial while others have influenced the society in a huge way. A transformational leader inspires and transforms people by his or her personal vision and passion. Although Muna respects her religion, she does not let it hold her down. Her fashion sense and acumen, especially when she was a media personality have changed the way Saudi women dress. Muna chose to wear colorful hijabs instead of veils when she was presenting her show. Women started copying her style of dressing and this enabled her to start her own clothing line. She was able to influence many women who felt trapped in the veil but they did not have any alternatives.
A leader is a person who has the capability of influencing others and initiating change. Leadership can be defined as “influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization” (West & West, 2006). Leaders deal with change and for this to happen, they must show vision, motivate the people by persuading them and they must empower the people to accomplish what they have set. Her leadership qualities are also reflected in the home, and especially in the way she chooses to bring up her children. Leaders usually employ different leadership styles depending on the situation they are facing. Muna chooses to use a more democratic style of leadership in the home whereby she guides her children in the right direction but lets them make their own decisions (The Saudi Gazette, 2011).
A person’s future should not be limited by the obstacles that are in his or her path. Obstacles should just be a way of enabling a person to endure and gain strength. Muna’s life is a clear example of this. Muna is an exemplary leader and she has refused to let the obstacles of life get in the way. She has faced life with openness, choosing to put aside hindrances that will imprison her and prevent her from fulfilling her purpose in this life. She is a leader because she has been able to influence people in all spheres of life. She has initiated change through different projects and these changes have contributed to the betterment of her society. She has been recognized and appreciated for all her achievements. Muna does not use the knowledge and the power she has for selfish reasons but she has shared it with other people. She feels strongly about education and she believes that the only way the Arab world can develop is through increasing in knowledge and advancing in learning. This, she posits, is one of the ways through which women can achieve their dreams and change the course of their lives. Although the journey is long and she has a long way to go, she does not look like a woman who will give up soon.
Al-Jadda, S. (2011). Muna AbuSulayman: Successful businesswoman and role model. Retrieved from
SUSRIS (2008). Foundations for change in the Arab world. Retrieved from
The Medinge Group (2010). Muna Abu Sulayman awarded 2010 Colin Morley Award. Retrieved from
The Saudi Gazette (2011). In conversation with Muna Abu Sulayman. Retrieved from
West, M., & West, L. (2006). Leadership. New York, NY: Centuriantrust Publishing
Surname college essay help near meName:

Green and Black’s Organic
Green & Black’s is a UK based chocolate company whose main manufacturing plants are located in Italy and Poland. Its unique factor is that its products are 100% organic. It is aptly called Green & Black as ‘green’ stands for the fact that it is natural and ‘black’ stands for the rich dark color of cocoa from which its products are made. Its products include; various types of chocolate, ice cream, drinking chocolate and biscuits.
Green & Black’s claims that it manufactures its products using the best organically grown and produced ingredient. This means that they do not use crops that are sprayed with pesticides or grown with artificial fertilizer. Green & Black’s claims that its products are 100% organic can be proved by the fact that its products are certified by the California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF). In addition to this, its naturalness is shown by the fact that it meets the standards set by the USDA’s National Organic Program (NOP) (Clarence-Smith 22). The company also visits the farms where the cocoa beans are grown in the Dominican Republic (DR) in order to ensure that the beans are grown using the specified organic methods. The company believes that organically grown cocoa beans are of higher quality than commercially grown beans, and that they have a distinct delicious taste.
In addition to this, Green & Black’s also uses ‘green’ packaging materials. The company states in its website that it uses as much recycled and recyclable material as possible; the outer parcel, gift box, gift card, enveloped and brand booklet used in packaging are made from 100% recycled paper. Moreover, the void fill is completely biodegradable. Green & Black’s also uses water or vegetable based inks where possible in order to conserve the environment. Therefore, all its actions are environmentally sustainable; from the growing of the crops, to the manufacture and packaging of the final product. Green & Black’s works with its suppliers to ensure that they produce packaging that conforms to their specifications.
The culture and practice of Green & Black’s is ‘Created without compromise’. To this effect, Green & Black’s is constantly researching and implementing new methods of acting more responsibly towards the environment. One of the ways in which it has achieved this is by using natural ingredients only in the manufacture of its products (Johnson 56). No artificial chemicals and flavors or genetically modified ingredients are used in the production of its products. Additionally, Green & Black’s takes initiatives to ensure that farmers have the necessary material and knowledge to produce high-quality cocoa beans organically. These are the renewable practices that the company implements in order to ensure that it fulfills its responsibilities to the environment and to society.
Green & Black’s currently employs Fair-trade practices to 90% of its product range. The company realized that cocoa farmers do not often get a fair return for their efforts in growing the cocoa beans and therefore implemented the Fair trade practice in 1994, through its Maya Gold chocolate brand. Over the years, it has spread Fair trade practices across its entire range of chocolate brands. In the Fair trade agreement, Green & Black’s pays the cocoa farmers a premium price for the cocoa beans and an additional Fair trade price. The company has also entered an agreement with the cocoa farmers where it buys all the cocoa that they can produce. Thus, the farmers get a fair price for their crops and are able to maintain their families, therefore improving their standards of living. This shows that Green & Black’s acts sustainably to both humankind and the environment. Green & Black’s has committed to invest around ₤ 400,000 per annum for eight years to improve the welfare of the Dominican Republic’s cocoa growing communities. These monies will be invested through Fair trade premiums and direct investments. It supports the sustainability of cocoa growers in the Dominican Republic by improving the infrastructure in the cocoa growing communities. Currently, Green & Black’s is the world’s largest Fair-trade and organic brand by sales volume.
Green & Black’s has enjoyed tremendous growth over the years by positioning itself strategically in the market. In the early to mid 1900’s, Green & Black’s chocolates did not have a significant market share since people were unfamiliar with the concept of organic confectionary. It was stocked mostly in specialist stores and the organic section of supermarkets. Despite being well known in the market, majority of the market were not receptive towards it. However, in the late 1990’s the company repositioned the brand as a luxury premium chocolate by embarking on an aggressive advertising campaign where it portrayed itself as a unique, mature and premium product with a dark color and bitter taste to match these qualities. This strategy drew the market’s attention to the uniqueness of the products.
The positioning statement was a captivating ‘It deserves a little respect’ and this helped it to earn respect and recognition in the market. Green & Black’s changed the packaging of its products to the current high quality, dark outer parcel with its brand name inked in gold to reflect the new status as an affordable luxury. The company has also used good public relations to position itself in the market as a unique product that is acts responsibly and respectably towards the environment and humankind. It positions itself as an ethical luxury product, which adds to its uniqueness. The chocolate is available in 14 flavors, some rich and bold while others are playful and artistic thus it is a diverse brand.
Dagoba is a newer entrant into the organic chocolate market, which has gained a significant market share in many countries. Its marketing and positioning strategy has been to introduce new and unique chocolate flavors such as ‘Chai’, which has chai spices and crystallized ginger and dark chocolate lime, which incorporates a citrus flavor into the bitter taste of dark chocolate. Dagoba uses diversity and creativity as its main competitive advantage, and thus is able to compete for market share with larger manufacturers such as Green & Black’s. Green & Black’s chocolates are portrayed as mature and ‘serious’ whereas Dagoba chocolates are portrayed as playful, artistic and refreshingly different. The company’s positioning statement is ‘To open new flavor landscapes that delight and mesmerize all five senses’. It therefore positions itself as a creatively flavorful and ethical product. Despite Dagoba’s rising competitive ability, Green & Black’s maintains a higher competitive ability since it is available in ordinary retail outlets such as shops and supermarkets unlike Dagoba, which is only available at specialty grocers and organic product stockists.
Vivani, like Dagoba is sold in organic stores. It also markets itself as an artisan chocolate with unusual ingredients and flavors, and thus it defines itself by the uniqueness of its products. One of Vivani’s competitive strategies is that it targets each age group in the consumer market, unlike Green & Black’s which is positioned as a more serious and mature brand; and therefore appeals mostly to the adult market. The iChoc brand of Vivani for instance, targets the teenage and youth market and has a catchy slogan and captivating packaging in order to attract this segment. Vivani also uses unique packaging to set itself apart from other organic chocolates in the market. The painting on the packaging of each flavor is an illustration of the chocolate in visual form. The product’s competitive ability over Green & Black’s is enhanced by the fact that it is stocked in online shops. It markets itself as a quality artistic chocolate. The fact that it is currently the leading organic chocolate in the organic retail segment shows that with more aggressive marketing and positioning, it may be able to compete against Green & Black’s. Currently, Green & Black’s is the leading organic chocolate producer by volumes, and hence this proves that it outshines its competition.
Green & Black’s has been criticized by some people as not being committed to the fair trade movement as they claim to be, and they only use it to place a premium price on its products. This criticism is raised by the fact that in 2005, Green & Black’s was bought out by Kraft Foods. Kraft Foods, an American company, is viewed as being more concerned with making profits than producing organic foods and therefore it is questionable for a company with such high ethical and moral standing as Green & Black’s to generate profits for a company that does not share in its vision. Many of its customers found it paradoxical and therefore in order to show that it truly upholds its values of environmental responsibility, it should reclaim itself from Cadbury’s whose core values are different from its own (Dunning 121).
I believe that Green & Black’s claims that it is 100% organic are true. Institutions such as California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF) and National Organic Program (NOP) are responsible for ascertaining whether the ingredients that are used in the manufacture of a product are truly organic, and as such, they have affirmed that Green & Black’s adheres to the required organic standards. The company’s website also clearly outlines the ‘bean to bar’ process, which is simply an outline of the production stages from the farming of the cocoa beans to the manufacture of the organic products. It is a company that values honestly and customer value.
Green & Black’s pioneered the production of artisan chocolate and had 14 chocolate flavors. However, it is under threat from growing chocolate brands such as Vivani, which has over 20 flavors and Dagoba, which has 14 flavors. The company will thus need to develop more unique and captivating flavors in order to regain its competitive advantage (Nicholls & Opal 76). Additionally, the company will need to reposition itself in order to increase its appeal factor to each market segment. Green & Black’s has currently positioned itself as a producer for chocolate for the mature adult market, but in order to increase it competitiveness, it should also target other age groups such as teenagers and children. This can be done by developing chocolate flavors and brands that appeal to these markets.
Works Cited
Clarence-Smith, William. Cocoa and Chocolate. New York, NY: Routledge. 2003. Print.
Dunning, John. American investment in British manufacturing industry. New York, NY: Routledge. 1998. Print.
Johnson, P. S. The Structure of British Industry. New York, NY: Routledge, 2002. Print.
Nicholls, Alex & Charlotte Opal. Fair trade: market-driven ethical consumption. Southampton, MA: SAGE, 2005. Print.

Changes in Concepts for Analysis argumentative essay helpChanges in Concepts for Analysis
Sports Pro Athletic, Inc is a company that deals with the manufacturing of various sporting equipment. Recently the company’s management has decided to change some few accounting concepts in relation to the international accounting standards and the company’s accounting policy. The first change that they have decided to change is the depreciation of the production machinery from the double declining balance method to the production method. The second concept/principle the company is changing is the salvage values used in computing depreciation for its office equipment. Lastly, they have changed the specific subsidiaries constituting the group of companies for which consolidated financial statements are presented.
Change in the depreciation of the production machinery
The first change is when the depreciation of the production machinery is being changed. Double declining balance method is a method of depreciation used in the calculation of the depreciation of the different fixed assets. It usually follows the straight-line method but it is multiplied with the factor two due to its double effect. However, it has a salvage value, which only applies if the equipment has been depreciated to the point where it has gone lower than the salvage (Kennon, 2011). Production method, depreciation is calculated where the useful life of the product is expressed in terms of the total number of units which are expected to be produced by the machine at the end of its life (Porter, & Norton, 2010).
When changing from one concept to another in the accounting system the company should consider the following rules. First, they should follow the international accounting standards. Secondly, change is only made in effective from the year in which it has been affected (Tracy, 2008). Therefore, in the case of your company, the effect is to be made in the year of January 2010, where they will start using the new accounting method of depreciation, which is the production method of depreciation. A good example to show the necessary changes will be as follows. If the production machine of the company initial cost was $1,750,000 and it has being depreciated to $ 750,000 after, five years using the double declining balance method. The machine has a useful life of twelve years and salvage value of $10,000 (Calculator soup, 2011).
To show this in the current books of accounting, using the international standards of accounting, the cost of the machine remains $1,750,000, the accumulated depreciation will be $1,000,000, the useful life of the machine will be twelve years and the salvage value will be $10,000. This will be affected in the accounting years of January 2010 using the new method. In addition to this, the accountants of the company are expected to show this in the final accounts of the year in which this has been affected and they are supposed to write small notes indicating the necessary changes of the accounting changes at the end of every financial statement. Moreover, this change will affect the tax payments and the profits at the end of the year. Therefore, it would be very important of this note was shown to the respective accounting statements (Reimers, 2007).
Change in the salvage value of the office equipment
The second change, which has been made in the books of accounts, is the salvage value used in the computation of depreciation of the office equipment. Salvage value can be defined as the amount of money realized at the end of the usage life of machine or equipment (United States, 2010). This means that after a machines has been used, the value, which the machine can be re-sold, or the value, which the machine has obtained after its usage (, 2011). This value is determined using methods of depreciation, which are in accordance with international standards of accounting (Stittle & Wearing, 2008). However, it is important to note that the salvage value of the office equipment may change as result of change in the method of depreciation or other economic factors affecting the market forces. To show this an example can be used to explain the change better (Patry, Statistics Canada & Statistics Canada, 2007).
If the office equipment had a salvage value of $15,000, which was calculated seven years ago, using the double reducing balance method. This may have also been done in accordance with the market forces, which were there seven years ago. However, due to the changes in the market forces the company has decided to change their salvage value. After using the double reducing balance method and the different percentage changes in the market forces the company has come up with the salvage value of $13,000 (Financial Accounting Standards Board, 2007).
To show this change in the books of account the company should follow the rules of the international accounting standards. First, this change is to be effected in the year in which the change has occurred. For this case, the change is to be reflected in the current year, which is January 2010. They should indicate the method in which they have used to calculate the salvage and the different percentage values that have been used in the calculation of the salvage values. Lastly, they should show, which areas have been affected by the salvage values (Garrison & Noreen, 2000). It is for this reason that the company should try to make it clear to the users of the accounting statements.
Change in the specific subsidiaries constituting the group of companies
The last change in which the company has made changes is where some specific subsidiary companies constituting the group of companies have been changed. Subsidiary companies are those companies, which are being controlled by a larger company known as the parent company (Chatham-Kent, 2000). The subsidiary companies are part of the parent company and the subsidiary companies have the right to be included and presented with the consolidated financial statement of the company.
The consolidated financial statements can be described as the financial statement of the company, which are prepared for two companies, which are working together. The companies can either be working in a certain business together (Brewer, Garrison & Noreen, 2010). These two companies are expected to prepare their different consolidated accounts, which are presented to show that the two companies are conducting business together. Therefore, incase there has been a change in the subsidiary companies the final accounting statement of the company are expected to change.
However, their may be changes in the different subsidiary companies due to either inclusion or omission of the subsidiary companies (Tidwell, 1974). These changes can happen due to, if the parent company decides to sell or buys the companies subsidiary company. When the parent company sells its controlling shares of the subsidiary company, which were more that fifty-one percent, the subsidiary company ceases from becoming part of the parent company. This means that the parent company must have the full controlling rights of ownership of another company. Therefore, for a parent company to become a mother company it must have more than fifty-one percent shares of the subsidiary company (Ould & Plumb, 1991).
To show these changes an example will be required to evaluate and explain better. For example, if the company parent has seven subsidiary companies in which they are conducting business together and after several years, two of the subsidiaries finish conducting business with them. This means that they will no longer prepare the consolidated financial statements again. Therefore, the parent company must indicate this in its final accounting statements to indicating the reason as to why the different accounting statements have been changed (Heisinger, 2008). In addition to this, the company should indicate this in the notes while preparing the financial statements so that the users of the different financial statements may have clear understanding as to what has happened.
Therefore, the following should be noted when these changes are being effected in the books of account as they occur. The different international accounting standards should be followed while doing. The company accounting policies should also be followed to indicate this change in the accounting statements (Law, 2007). The changes should be effected in the accounting period in which they have occurred. Lastly, the final accounting statement should contain the necessary notes showing the different changes for the purposes of the different users of the financial statements (Hansen & Mowen, 2006).
Brewer, P. C., Garrison, R. H., & Noreen, E. W. (2010). Managerial accounting. Boston: McGraw-Hill Create.
Calculator Soup, (2011). Double reducing balance method of depreciation. Calculator Soup. Retrieved from
Chatham-Kent (Ont.). (2000). Consolidated financial statement of the Corporation of the Municipality of Chatham Kent, December 31, 2000. Chatham-Kent, Ont: The City,.
Financial Accounting Standards Board. (2007). Noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statement, an amendment of ARB no. 51: Statement of financial accounting standards no. 160. Norwalk, Conn: Financial Accounting Standards Board.
Garrison, R. H., & Noreen, E. W. (2000). Managerial accounting. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.
Hansen, D. R., & Mowen, M. M., (2006). Managerial accounting. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western.
Heisinger, K. (2008). Introduction to managerial accounting. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin., (2011). Salvage Value. Retrieved from
Juan, E., N., (2001). Consolidated accounts: Singapore. New York, NY: Talisman.
Kennon, J. (2011). Double Decline Balance Depreciating Method. Retrieved from
Law, D. W., Peter C. Brewer, Ray H. Garrison, and Eric W. Noreen. (January 01, 2007). Introduction to Managerial Accounting. Issues in Accounting Education, 22, 1, 119.
Money Terms, (2011). Consolidated Accounts. Retrieved from
Ould, J., & Plumb, R. (1991). Controlling subsidiary companies. Woodhead-Faulkner.
Patry, A., Statistics Canada., & Statistics Canada. (2007). Economic depreciation and retirement of Canadian assets: a comprehensive empirical study and retirement of Canadian assets: A comprehensive empirical study. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Porter, A., G. & Norton, C., L., (2010). Using Financial Accounting Information: The Alternative to Debits and Credits. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Reimers, J. L. (2007). Financial accounting. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.
Stittle, J., & Wearing, R. (2008). Financial accounting. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Tracy, J. A. (2008). Accounting for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Pub., Inc.
Tidwell, S., B., (1974). Financial and managerial accounting for elementary and secondary school systems. New York, NY: Research Corporation, Association of School Business Officials
United States. (2010). Full committee hearing on bonus depreciation: What it means for small business : hearing before the Committee on Small Business, United States House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, second session, hearing held July 14, 2010. Washington: U.S. G.P.O.
Legal and Financial Decisions college admissions essay helpLegal and Financial Decisions
Part 1
A new product’s idea is the process of introducing new products into the market. Companies use new product ideas in order to generate and commercialize their new products within the market using strategic processes to maintain their market share. The new idea of products is the essential aspect in the Triangle Company. It is important to note that when the company is evaluating their business, they should focus on producing innovative products. Triangle company’s products have ultimately been left unspecified. Therefore, the introduction of new product ideas in the market is crucial especially when the company considers market size, product scalability, team and financial issues.
The industry
Due to rapid changes in the taste of consumers, Triangle Company can develop a new strategy of providing new products and services to their consumers. The company obtains new products in two ways. One includes buying the whole company a patent to produce products on behalf of the people and another is through carrying out research on certain products. New products are those original products whereby improvements and modifications of products are done. The company may produce new brands of products through carrying out its own research and putting on development efforts on them.
Market size
Triangle produces a wide range of new products in the market. Before the company introduces its products to the market, they can first consider a number of things including, those who will benefit from the products, the benefits expected from the company, positioning of their products in the market. In addition, they can consider different advantages that their products’ offers have in order to overcome competitors. Market size determines the distribution of new products in the market. Estimating the size of the market for marketing of new products depends on financial aspects of the company. The company may create an internal market and apparently compete with the external market. The Triangle Company may open up subsidiary firms in which the external market will purchase for their company products (Anandan, 2009).
Team requirements
Emphasizing on real teamwork is crucial in a company. Team requirement in the innovation process is essential because decisions can be made timely. The technologies linked with creating new products are through participation in the innovation process. Every team should have its own leader and technological expertise in the product innovation process. Teams participate in all levels and each team has an advisor. Teams can include all members across the company. It is essential to create a multidisciplinary team in the company for competence and one team can be able to meet multiple innovation requirements (Brethauer, 2002).
Scalability of product
For the products that Triangle Company develops, it is essential to incorporate scalability and incorporate their performance in all levels of development cycles. Scalability is the use of computer applications or products to continue functioning well when changed in size and volume in order to meet customer’s needs (Liu, 2009). The Company can carry out scalability tests on products in order to provide a quantitative basis for optimizing profits and increasing their performance. Scalability of products can be one of the advantages in marketing of new products and it enables the company to outdo competitors. Triangle Company should reflect carefully about how they should design and carry out scalability test on their products. With solid test of scalability results, the company’s new products will inject more profits to the company within a short period.
The new product ideas should take into account the cost volume and profit maximization. Before the product is being sold, total costs and total revenues should be analyzed hence determining the price at which the new products can be sold. Cost-volume-profit can be applied in marketing of products. Products cannot be sold if total revenues are equal to the total costs because the company will not make any profits. Therefore, financial calculations should be done to determine if sales of products at a given level would cover the relevant costs before determining the price for products.
Part 2
The practical definition of the multidisciplinary team that the product idea requires       
The practical definitions of the multidisciplinary team that the product idea requires are many and these include mechanism or technological ideas. Technological ideas are crucial in the product creation process especially branding of new products. Mechanism ideas for opportunity identifications such as new markets and high profit margins are the essential steps in product development. Consequently, the preliminary evaluation process and screening of ideas are needed in product development. In order for these subsidiary companies to achieve maximum profits, multidiscipline teams should ensure whether the new products return the profits and if it satisfies the needs of the customers. In addition, they will ensure if the product standpoint marketing skills matches with the product line that exists within the company.
The multidisciplinary team explores multiple perspectives and many disciplines in decision-making process that is associated with quality improvements of products. Multidisciplinary team provides product ideas and attempts to outline the potential product development or innovation methods in accompany (Abdel-Kader and Lin, 2009). Incase the technology is at an early stage, the multidisciplinary team will give advise and give solutions to such technology in product creation. A well-developed business plan will have a multidisciplinary team who will enable the company to expand their marketing strategies and innovation methods.
Describing the different types of team members needed and their respective skill sets
Various strategies can be employed to obtain ideas implemented internally. For instance, the company may employ a multi-disciplinary team to give their views or make decision on new product developments. The decision-making in a company can be difficult because of a large number of factors such as tight schedules and quality requirements for developing competitive inventions. The creativity circle does not create decision making to become easier. In order for subsidiary companies to succeed in creating new innovative ideas, they should decide on the level of expertise applicable and high quality solutions. Therefore, all the different types of community supporting team and networking are needed in the innovative process (Loch and Kavadias, 2007). This means that the company will need both ordinary customers together with multidisciplinary experts within and outside the team. In addition, the company will need to recognize relevant expertise in their area and the learning skills of the team together with application studies and development skills of the group.
Where one would find them for an intrapreneurial versus entrepreneurial approach
The practice of business entrepreneurship increases the attention of managers because of rapid competition in the market. The intrapreneurial practices assume the grand strategies in the company whereby innovation is perceived as the crucial means of maintaining competitive market (Loch and Kavadias, 2007). The corporate entrepreneurship practices especially behaviors such as product innovation to create a competitive market can be widely used by the subsidiary companies. This will enable the company to purchase more products hence earn huge profits. Entrepreneur approaches can best apply in the market where the subsidiary companies can compete with other industries in terms of performance.

Abdel-Kader, M. G., & Lin, E. Y.-C. (2009). Performance measurement of new product
development teams: A case of the high-tech sector. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Anandan, C. (2009). Product management. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Annacchino, M. A. (2007). The pursuit of new product development: The business development
            process. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Brethauer, D. M. (2002). New product development and delivery: Ensuring successful products
 through integrated process management. New York, NY: Amacom publishers.
Getzinger, D. (2009). The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire. Greensboro, N.C: Morgan Reynolds
Liu, H. H. (2009). Software performance and scalability: A quantitative approach. Hoboken,
N.J: John Wiley & Sons.
Loch, C., & Kavadias, S. (2007). Handbook of new product development management.
Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Economics essay help onlineEconomics
TO: The Senior Manager
RE: Human-Induced Climate and the Economy Briefing Paper
ISSUE: This briefing will address the effects of human-induced climate change on the economy. Climatic change has negatively affected the economy yet economists refuse to take adequate action to reduce the negative impacts. Climate change affects the economy by reducing world food production and disrupting transport through damage to infrastructure such as roads, railway lines and airports. Additionally, climate change causes illness and death, which in turn depletes the labor market of a skilled workforce.
In recent history, climate change has been evidenced by a rise in sea levels, increased occurrence of hurricanes, wildfires, warming oceans and a rise in global temperatures. Climate change mitigation should therefore be intensified in order to control the severe negative impact it may cause to the world’s economy.
CURRENT SITUATION: Economic activities such as agriculture and the use of fossil fuels have been instrumental in determining the extent at which humans use the environment. Unfortunately, people are realizing the consequences of their actions when it is too late to prevent some of the damages caused. The extraction and use and burning of fossil fuels have contributed to the greenhouse effect, which is a major cause of global warming. The use of fertilizers in farming and clearing forest land for agriculture have added to the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, since there are no trees to capture the carbon that is released. These actions have over time contributed to global climatic change. Reversing the effects of these actions is an economic issue since some of the banned products will lead to job losses. Other products being developed are more energy efficient and some have led to the development of new technologies.

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 The effects of climatic change will be felt for a long time even after introducing different incentives to minimize and stop the damage that have already been caused. People will tend to give up practicing some of the policies when they do not see any significant short-term changes. Developed countries are the major emitters of carbon emissions yet the effect of these emissions are felt in developing countries.
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Determining responsibility is not easy despite various environmental conferences held. Some countries do not have clear guidelines and practical solutions on how to deal with climate change while others find it hard to implement the changes.
PROPOSED ACTION: Economic policies aimed at reducing the effects of greenhouse emissions have been put in place. They include shifting towards economic activities that reduce the level of greenhouse gases produced into the atmosphere. There are also policies aimed at using energy-efficient technologies that emit lower levels of carbon dioxide. Others include implementing carbon taxes whereby consumers are levied per the amount of carbon dioxide emitted. Reducing trade barriers on products that are more environmentally friendly and energy-efficient will make the goods cheaper and will provide a competitive advantage (OECD, 2008). One of the economic policies that facilitate efficient adaptation is shore protection to prevent the sea level rises from eroding beaches and damaging property. It is however challenging to design climate change policies because of it is difficult to predict and therefore it may not always be possible to implement preventative measures. Additionally, mitigating climate change is costly.
SUMMARY: In the development of these policies, it has been noted that many industries suffer because they cannot afford some of the proposed changes. Economics can contribute to designing these policies because it can help create a more feasible option. The higher prices that have been introduced in the energy sectors of most countries have contributed to the higher prices of goods because of the increased cost of production. On the other hand, this has led to the innovation of many products and the use of products that are safer to the environment.
OECD (2008). Organization for economic co-operation and development. Retrieved from <>

Week 4: The Arts and Young Children – Content Review essay help onlineRespond to each item. Each response should be concise and between 2-3 paragraphs in length.
Use MS Word to write your responses, and submit your answers to all three questions in one Word document.
Copy and paste each question within the document, so that your Instructor can see to which question you are responding.
Imagine this scenario: A preschool director is talking with parents as they pick up their children from school. One parent asks why her child rarely brings any artwork home. Another parent remarks that her child takes home something she created almost every day and asks whether she is spending too much time on art. The director decides to invite parents to a workshop on visual art and young children to help respond to these concerns. Identify one concept that would be essential to cover in the workshop and explain your reasoning. Then write a brief script to introduce and explain this concept to parents. Cite Learning Resources to support your answer.
Based on what you have been learning this week, how would you respond to a preschool teacher who confides that she is not an expert on music and wonders, aside from teaching simple songs, what kinds of musical experiences she should provide to young children?
Chapter 16 in your Teaching Across the Content Areas text is titled: Creative Movement: More Than the Hokey Pokey. Consider how all that you have learned this week about movement and young children has validated the chapter title. Then explain three ways preschool-age children can benefit from movement activities.
Learning Resources
Required Resources
Course Text: Teaching Across the Content Areas: Math, Science and the Creative Arts
Chapter 13,Understanding the Visual Arts, pp. 236-265
Chapter 14, Creating Art, pp. 268-310
Chapter 15, Music, Music, Music, pp. 315-342
Chapter 16, Creative Movement: More Than the Hokey Pokey,pp. 356-367
Supplemental Resources
Course Text: Teaching Across the Content Areas: Math, Science and the Creative Arts
Chapter 17, Creative Drama,pp. 375-407
Chapter 18, Integrating the Arts,pp. 410-426
Article: Collins, S. (2004). Books for young children about the creative arts. Young Children, 59(4), 18-20.
Use the ProQuest Central database, and search using the article’s Document ID: 793108061.
Article: Loomis, K., Lewis, C., &amp; Blumenthal, R. (2007). Children learn to think and create through art. Young Children, 62(5), 79-83.
Use the Education Research Complete database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 26566260.
Article: Chenfeld, M. B. (2004). Education is a moving experience: Get moving Young Children, 59(4), 56-57.
Use the ProQuest Central database, and search using the article’s Document ID: 793108121.
Article: Matlock, R., &amp; Hornstein, J. (2004). Sometimes a smudge is just a smudge, and sometimes it’s a…saber-toothed tiger: Learning and the arts through the ages. Young Children, 59(4), 12-17.
Use the Proquest Central database, and search using the article’s Document ID: 793108211.
Article: Pica, R. (2009). Make a little music. Young Children, 64(6), 74-75.
Use the Education Research Complete database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 47074625.
Article: Kemple, K. M., Batey, J. J., &amp; Hartis, L. C. (2004). Music play: Creating centers for musical play and exploration. Young Children, 59(4), 30-36.
Use the ProQuest Central database, and search using the article’s Document ID: 793108241.
Article: Geist, K., &amp; Geist, E. A. (2008). Using music to support emergent mathematics. Young Children, 63(2), 20-25.
Use the Education Research Complete database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 31986738.
Article: National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2008). Resources for integrating the curriculum in the early years and beyond. Young Children, 63(2), 48-49.
Use the Education Research Complete database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 31986742.
Article: National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2004). Children’s developmental benchmarks and stages: A summary guide to appropriate arts activities. Young Children. Retrieved from
Social Responsibility of Media cheap essay helpSocial Responsibility of Media
One of the problems that the modern society faces is the erosion of moral values. Research reveals that in the developed nations today, one out of every two marriages ends in divorce; one out of every three pregnancies is aborted while one out of every three children is born out of wedlock. Additionally, religious institutions and leaders are increasingly becoming apathetic towards the declining moral standards.
The media has played a large role in the decline of morality. It has established a culture of materialism, individualism and celebrity-worship. Morals and values are acquired through the media whether consciously or unsuspectingly. Negative images of sex, violence and profanity are conveyed by the media on a daily basis (Wijeyadasa, 2000). The media presents the society with images of the perfect lifestyle, which the society, in turn tries to emulate. The media relies on capturing the interest of the public in order to earn revenues and it has capitalized on this by conveying messages and images that are captivating, but negative. The media has especially been harmful to teenagers and children whose minds are easily malleable and influenced. In order to fit in with their peers and be considered ‘cool’ they behave as they see in movies and music videos. The media creates the ideal lifestyle, and people follow it in order to fit into society.
The influence the media has on the public gives them an exceptional platform to transform society. People rely on media for news, information and entertainment. . The media is an influential tool in that it is able to shape public opinion, attitudes and behavior. The power of media is so immense that if channeled to the right causes it would have an extremely positive impact. Media has an authoritative influence on society today, and therefore, it can help in restoring the society’s ethics and morals. It can do this by airing programs, which educate, proposes integrity and condemns immorality. The most influential media is the television because it is widely accessible and combines both audio and visual aspect.
The media is persuasive, hence the reason many people model the lifestyles and behavior that are presented by media. Positive media therefore breeds a moral society while negative media breeds moral decadence. Positive media gives the public new direction, positive messages, wholesome entertainment and informative news. It adds value to people’s lives by improving their thinking. It can do this by idealizing virtues such as decency, integrity and honesty. Decadence has become so common in America that people have lost their conscience; they do not know what is right or what is wrong. One of the ways through which media can correct this moral is by highlighting immoral behavior in society, and providing examples of alternative behavior (Biagi, 2006). For instance, the media can create programs that underline the importance of responsible behavior among teenagers such as abstinence from drugs, alcohol and overcoming peer pressure.
The key to becoming a moral nation is in bringing up children in the right manner and upholding family values. One of the reasons why the society today is so corrupt is that family values have been neglected. Media should take up its role as an influential authority to communicate this message to the public. The media should be responsible enough to use its freedom and influence in a manner that will influence the present and future generations positively. By conveying positive messages the media will transform the country economically, socially and politically, thus leading to a better society. The benefits of such an action will benefit the society in the present and for generations to come. Media should therefore take up its role as a useful tool for moralizing society and restoring the sanity of society.
Belsey, A. & Chadwick R. F. (1992). Ethical issues in journalism and the medi.
New York, NY: Routledge.
Bryant J. &  Oliver M. B. (2009). Media effects: advances in theory and research.
New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Biagi, S. (2006). Media/impact : an introduction to mass media. Belmont, CA: Thomas Higher Education.
Wijeyadasa, R. (2000). Media freedom and responsibility. New York, NY: Routledge.
Data Warehousing and Data Mining essay helpData Warehousing and Data Mining
Definition and Use
Data mining can be defined as the extraction of information that has been automated and has been predicted (Thearling, 2009). In other words, it involves analyzing data from diverse angles and dimensions, putting then into categories then summarizing the recognized relationships.
Data mining is now used in the security department. Firms, stores and other businesses are using this to the advantage of preventing theft as opposes to CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) and EBS (Electronic Article Surveillance), which are used to catch the thieves in the act (Hadfield, 2009). They are also using the application to cut costs and increase revenue.
Jager, a clothing chain store business based in Britain, started using this application in the summer of the year 2008. This was in an effort to es6tablish the company’s cause of loosing so much money. The business used the application to get employees who are involved in fraudulent or thieving practices. Working practices that lead to stock wastage can also be identified. The business expected to make an ROI (return on investment), within the first 6 to 9 months after the system went live. However, a number of difficulties were been encountered as the business had already existing complex applications. Making them, work in coordination was quite a challenge (Hadfield, 2009).
Analytical Tools Used
            There is software that is purchased, which is centralized in order to receive any data fed from any source as long as it is connected to it. In Jeer’s case, they got the software from IDM software, although any other type of software can be accessed. Before a full report is given, businesses ask the application more questions in order to separate a genuine loss and a false positive. Each question is phrased in relation to the answer of the question asked before. This application is empowered if it uses a larger number of data fed by the other systems. For example, the CCTV could be used to interpret data from Epos (Electronic point of sale). Businesses with RFID (radio frequency identification) projects could make use of the data from tagged pallets or items that are tagged individually within the data mining applications.
Auditors use a kind of network theory known as link analysis in order to understand the data patterns in the diverse systems. They search for patterns that are symmetric between one set of data and another. They also compare the data with asymmetric patterns in order to get an understanding of the relationship in the information.
Role of data mining and warehousing
            Warehousing has a number of roles. It performs disk or server bound functions related to asking and reporting on disk or servers not needed by processing systems in transactions. It is also involved in the use of server technology and data models that make the questioning and reporting process faster. It also tackles those that are not suitable for processing transactions. Warehousing provides an atmosphere where a suitable quantity of knowledge of the technical parts of database technology is needed. This is in order to write and preserve the questions and reports. It gives a means to fasten the writing and preserving of the questions and reports by personnel in the technical departments (Greenfield, 2005).
Warehousing also provides a “storehouse” of good procession of data in transactions that can be reported against them. The process must not necessarily need fixing the systems. Another role-played is that it makes questioning and reporting data from many systems much easier on a regular basis. It is also an advantage to the data from outside sources and that, which must be stored for question or report purposes alone. Warehousing has a role of acting as a “storehouse” of data in the transaction processing system. This contains data from a bigger period than can efficiently be held in a system. It also stops people who only need to question and report transaction systems data from gaining any access to these system databases and the judgment used to preserve the databases (Greenfield, 2005).
Data mining is used in research marketing and understanding the consumer behavior. As mentioned earlier, it is used to detect fraudulent activities from the employees, which greatly affects the business’ income and revenue. It is has a major role to play in ecommerce, health industry, the customer relationship management, just to mention but a few. Its ability to compile and analyze the different types of data coming in is greatly used in the business world (Thearling, 2009).
Warehousing Concepts
            The dimensional data model, the conceptual, logical, slowly changing and the physical data models are the most common concepts in warehousing. This is an advance state of the third normal form model. The data is stored in different forms in both models. In the slowly changing dimension, the recording attribute differs over time. This makes it sensitive to work with. The relationships of the highest level between the entities are identified in the conceptual data model. In this concept, there is no specification of attributes and primary keys. The logical model makes the data be physically implemented in the database. The description of how the building of data will take place is found in the physical model (Bentacourt, 2010).
Critical Review
            Everything when done in extreme becomes “poisonous”. The computer experts can develop particular software or control systems that will prevent the misuse of warehousing and data mining. Regulations and laws that govern the use of warehousing should be implemented and the offenders taken serious actions such as huge fines or the suspension of operating licenses.

Betancourt, L. (2010). How Companies are using your Social Media Data. Retrieved from
Greenfield, L. (2005). The Case for Data Warehousing. Retrieved from
Greenfield, L. (2005). The Case against Data Warehousing. LGI Systems Incorporated. Retrieved from
Hadfield, M. (2009) Case Study: Jaeger uses data mining to reduce losses from crime and waste Retrieved from
Thearling, K. (2009). An Introduction to Data Mining. LGI Systems Incorporated. Retrieved from

Cloud Computing essay help site:eduCloud Computing
What is it?
Cloud computing is the condition whereby computational of resources on command are done through a computer network. The clients or users submit their work to the service provider such as Goggle or word processing without processing the software or hardware. The applications of clouds may support any system of software application because the cloud is the core delivery device. Cloud computing allows for a practical separation between used resources and the computer user residing in the external local network. An analogy that explains the term cloud computing well is an example of public services such as electricity, water or gas (Shacklett, 2011). Cloud computing makes use of the network as a way of connecting the client to resources that are found in the cloud.
How does it relate to laboratory medicine?
Cloud computing is related to laboratory medicine because of the way it performs the work like medicine. Most of the laboratory medicine bases on cloud computing model especially in large hospitals. The model is used in laboratory medicine because it gives complete and accurate data when used by health professions in research. The cloud computing is linked with the laboratory medicine because many laboratory medicine experiments are carried out using cloud model to formulate data.
Cloud computing is related to laboratory medicines because it provides the client with useful information just like the way laboratory medicine tests provide accurate results. It can ultimately diagnose and characterize certain diseases thus determines the kind of medicine that is efficient to a certain disease (Shacklett, 2011). Many academic students when carrying out laboratory tests use cloud model. In addition, it is related to the laboratory because the cloud computing helps researchers to get skills that they in turn apply in invention of new medicine in the laboratory.
How does it compare to the ASP model?
Cloud computing is compared to the Application Service Provider (ASP) model because they both use resources of the service provider. In an ASP model, there is the use of resources from the service provider to run the programs and access the associated information. This premise is the foundation of the service provider model that uses certain service applications regardless of its nature. This is not different from the cloud computing because computations of resources are accessed and the client uses specific service application to get the information.
Cloud computing model simply takes the concepts of the ASP model into further steps, dividing the delivery layers to a service solution. In addition, it incorporates the use of extra-outsourced information from the service providers. Cloud and ASP services utilize the internet as their main source provider. They have been both proven as the technological means by which business organizations meet their operation demands through innovation and efficiency. They both control all the aspects in the process of manufacturing and they give the clients the required data that is effective (Shacklett, 2011).
However, ASP model delivers specific benefits that the cloud-computing model does not provide. It replaces some of the Internet equipment such as window programs and software in management task. It provides the window system and its delivery is based on window-based in application running. It offers technical applications that other network installations do not have such as reliable data secure, protection of remote user access and IT disaster recovery. The associated costs of ASP model becomes part of the hosting and managing service hence many users of this model especially in big business companies prefer using ASP technology.
Shacklett, M. (January 01, 2011). Cloud computing. World Trade, Wt100, 24, 1. Retrieved from

The Fall of Ancient Rome to the 1600s best college essay helpThe Fall of Ancient Rome to the 1600s
Middle ages
The fall of Rome according to many historians is dated to be in 476 when the Germanic Odoacer overthrew the last of the roman emperor and ruled the western part of the Roman Empire. However, the fall of the Roman Empire started before this date, around 190 when the Roman Empire was attacked by other tribes such as the Goths. During this time, there were civil wars that arose, but still managed to be strong. In 284, Diocletian took the throne, when the empire had been affected by civil wars and plagues too. The economy had been wrecked since most of their agricultural activities had been affected. During this time, Rome was divided into classes of noble and the peasants who worked in their farms. Diocletian doubled the military defense but lacked good soldiers to recruit. He separated the empire into western and eastern, and bore more costs of setting up more military defense to cover all areas. In 455 it was attacked, and gain in 476, which was the last empire in the western side (Heather, 2006).
Renaissance age
During the middle of the fifteenth century, there was renaissance in Rome, where increased intellectual concerns and embracing of similar cultures were persistent, they brought a new dawn of humanism in Rome, and common ideologies were welcomed. During this time, the eastern side was flourishing economically, as well as cultural trends were changing. The western side was coming out of the middle ages, and they were able to recovering from the middle ages. It is during this time that more advancement in technology such as roads and urbanization were high since artists were called in to help in restoring Rome (Heather, 2006).. The renaissance movement was a group of humanists, who would be hired to teach models of Latin classical morality. The big picture in the renaissance was to seek knowledge and the best ways of living, promote education, where scholars were hired to write on matters concerning Rome such as the pope and the rule of the church that were governing at the time, and be at the service of the church. The scholars wrote their views of Christianity, some were controversial, and hence a conflict arose between those who defended the church and those who protested.
Reformation age
The Protestants sought to reform the church to its original true meaning before distortion of information by the scholars. The Romans did not agree to this, and violently resisted the reformation everywhere because they did not comply with the Rome’s teachings. This bore the protestant churches that we know today, catholic remaining as the first church, while the others came to protest against what was taught by the cardinals of Rome. During this time, printing was used to make more copies of bible that to spread the gospel to help in the reformation of the church. The Protestants were protesting against the corruption of roman church and unjust rules while at the same time spreading the true gospel according to the bible.
Formation and rise of the modern European states
            This was just before and after the reformation period where countries such as French fought for the reforms among others. During this time, power was hereditary and there were no established states or countries, except cities and towns were ruled by kings. During the reformation, conflicts arose, and the Protestants viewed all people as equal in God’s eyes and helped to lay a base for democracy from the revolutions of Dutch and the English. This was by late 1600, and people started realizing the interrelation of economics, administration and political welfare of the state. This was after the idea that kings should be responsible for their people, and this led them to start developing resources for their kingdoms. The kings further used the resources for public constructions, such as roads with the aim of increasing their tax, but at the same time benefited. In the start of the 1700s, the rule changed from monarch to ‘enlightened one where privileges of the kings were not regarded, but the principles they used. In the 18th century, not all people had privileges as the noble ones, and a rule of selecting people on merit was developed, that continues to govern today.
Comparing and contrasting
            The middle age was full of civil wars that were territorial, unlike today where nations compete for economic resources and markets for their goods. Renaissance can compare with modern trends of education, where everybody seeks education at one time and new means of living. In the current world, people always invent new methods of tackling life, which results to more technology advancement. Today, in the Christian world, there continue to be a difference of the roman church and the Protestants, and more denominations have come up, with more churches are formed everyday by people. However, the message of the roman church and Protestants is similar, the only difference is the means used in delivering the message. Comparing the middle age to renaissance it is clear that people were fighting for the truth, as opposed to the middle age. The three ages could have relevance in demonstrating evolvement of democracy in current states we live in.
Heather, P. J. (2006). The fall of the Roman Empire: a new history of Rome and the Barbarians. New York: Oxford University Press.
Real and Fake Characters essay help site:eduName:

Real and Fake Characters
Donald Duk is a novel written by Frank Chin in the year 1991. The setting is based in San Francisco’s Chinatown. The book is about a boy of the age twelve dealing with the struggles of Chinese cultural identity. Being born in America, the boy finds it hard to embrace his Chinese culture. The parents fully embrace the Chinese culture but Donald hates been associated with the Chinese people. The protagonist however, realizes of himself through the New Year Chinese celebration and through dreams. In the book, there are real characters and other characters that are not real.
The real characters are King Duk, Daisy Duk, Penelope, Venus, Arnold and Uncle Donald Duk. The first character is King Duk; he is the father to Donald. He owns a Chinese restaurant in town and embraces his culture. The father is the boy’s advisor as he is always teaching his son on how to embrace the Chinese heritage. The father also advises his son on how to be tough and deal with situations upfront at school. He states, “Your walking style creates the impression that you want everybody to beat you up” (Chin 20). He criticizes him and encourages him to act tough.
Donald’s mother is also another character who behaves real; she loves her culture and embraces it well. She appreciates been Chinese and has no problem with that. In the house, she plays the role of a mediator when the father and son collide. When the son makes the anti- Chinese culture statements and upsets the father, the mother is always there to intervene. She tries to explain to the son the importance of their ancient and guides her towards behaving. The twin sisters Penelope and Venus both discuss of the pop culture when there is tension between the son and the father. They help their small brother understand of their heritage. In the book, they are portrayed as people who positively embrace their culture. They are again referred to as bringing humorous relief.
Arnold Azalea is Donald’s friend who is portrayed as a white but loves the Chinese culture and cannot find the reason as to why Donald dislikes his ethnicity. The friend appreciates the Chinese together with their values and this is the main reason why he joins Donald’s family for the New Year’s festival held in their town. Uncle Donald also helps in calming issues when they arise between the father and the son. He is the one who shades light on Donald by explaining in depth to him of their heritage. He further explains of the Chinese accomplishments in America by stating examples. He mentions how the 1860 Central Railroad was built clarifying that the Chinese immigrants build it though the Americans were never appreciative (Chin 143). No credit was given to them for the effort they invested in building the Railroad. Besides all the other characters, a few were not real.
Donald Duk is the main character in the book that was not realistic; he disliked his Chinese culture and often termed himself as of American descend. The character is in search of an identity. He finds his culture as not worthy, boring and dim-witted. However, towards the end of the story, he starts having appreciative dreams and starts addressing white people as racists. He also compares himself to a dancer named Fred Astaire. He also desires to live in black and white nightlife. Lastly, Larry Louie the dance instructor is phony; he maintains a thin figure imitating the tap dancer named Fred Astaire. He is of Chinese descend but adores the American culture; this is a symbol that he does not fully embrace his descent.
Works Cited
Chin, Frank. Donald Duk: a novel. Minneapolis, MN: Coffee House Press, 1991. Print.

Radioactive decay essay help online free
Radioactive decay
Radioactive decay has been described in broader terms as the natural breakdown of an unstable atomic nucleus to release its energy. It occurs when a nuclide changes to its nuclear form into another form, and this is called transmutation. The release of energy occurs when a radionuclide with a certain type of nucleus transforms into another form of atom, which has a different nucleus state, and this is often called the daughter nuclide. This happens because the atom is usually unstable and will always seek to stabilize. It is not possible to predict when it can occur, since it is random. Nuclear decay is of three types: alpha decay, gamma decay and beta decay. Alpha decay occurs in a nucleus that has many protons in it thus repulsing greatly, and a helium nucleus is released in an attempt to reduce the repulsion. When neutron ratio to proton is very high in the nucleus, these amounts to instability, and a neutron is turned into a proton and an electron, which is then emitted from the nucleus, hence beta decay occurs. The third type of decay is the gamma decay that occurs when the nuclear has too much energy in it, and nucleus changes from high-level energy to lower level. In the process, a high-energy particle is released, which is the gamma particle or ray (BookRags, 2011).
Radioactive decay application
            Radioactivity is experienced all the time and most of the radioactivity comes from natural processes. Many people think of radioactivity as being harmful to a person but in reality, it has many uses. Today, many developed countries such as Japan and the United States use radioactivity to produce energy such as electricity. It is also used for treatment of patients such as radiotherapy and scanning and other medical examinations. It is also applied in dating of artifacts in archeology, and still, in big ships it is used to run the big engines. These are very good applications of radioactive decay. However, it has disadvantage, such as, if exposed to the environment, it can have a long-term effect, and still, there are those who use it in proliferation of nuclear weapons. If well applied, it can be of great benefit to human race since it does not emit harmful gases that ruin the environment, except the radioactive waste that can be well stored to avoid leaking to the environment.
How the radioactive decay rate can be changed if this is possible
            Radioactive decay occurs spontaneously and the half-life depends on the structure of each isotope. Half-life is the amount of time it takes for an isotope to decay up to half its original size. The rate of decay is proportional to the amount of elements present, and with this, one can tell the time this atom has been in existence by knowing the rate, and calculating how much is left and how long it will take to decay it. Radioactive decay rate cannot be changed since the atoms are not influenced by the surrounding, but rather, the elements in them.
Theoretical circumstances leading to creation of:
White dwarf star
White dwarf star are small stars with a high concentration of electron degenerate matter, and are quite dense, and it is what stars turn into when they exhaust their nuclear energy. For a white dwarf to be formed the nuclear fuel must be exhausted and the stars are thought to be the end of stellar evolution of main-sequence stars with masses of about 0.07 to 10 solar masses. Nuclear fuel is the cause of mass loss from the star, and it is lost overtime in about 10 years.
A red giant
            After a star has been in existence for many years, the protons at the center run out and only a central region made of alphas is left. After running out of fuel, the star will start cooling and the shell outside will fall inwards and continue to become smaller. As it contracts inward, it becomes hotter enough to fuse the protons to alphas. Hence, a new source of energy is gotten that makes that makes the core hotter that ever before, and the outside shell will expand to make the star a red giant. Inside the core, it heats up more as it contracts the nucleus at center, making it heavier. The fusion will release energy for a short time, to keep the red giant burning for sometime.
A neutron star
A neutron star has a mass of about 1.4 times that of the sun, despite being only 20 kilometers in diameter. They are formed by stars that have reached their end time, and grew to around four to eight times bigger than the sun during their normal tine. A neutron star’s protons and electrons combine due to the high density of the star, where the name comes from.
A black hole
A general relativity theory suggests that a compact mass may distort space-time to form a black hole. In this hole, nothing can go through even light or any object, and gravitational force it directed towards it. When a star that has depleted its fuel suddenly experiences abrupt gravitational collapse, they explode forming matter with singularity or infinite density and this could result to a black hole (NCSA, 2011).
A supernova
            When a star reaches its end, the gases at the core continue to contract, and form iron. When the big stars about 8 times the sun reach this stage, where they have no more fuel, they explode as a supernova. A supernova could be seen in the space, just after explosion, before its duct blows further and further. For supernova to occur the star must have exhausted its fuel.
NCSA. (2011). A Black Hole Is Born. Retrieved from
BookRags. (2011). Radioactive Decay. Retrieved from
Urban Outfitters Inc. Competition college essay help online
Urban Outfitters Inc. Competition
Urban Outfitters Inc is a retail company founded in 1970 and incorporated in 1976. It deals with fashion apparels and accessories, footwear, gifts, furniture and antiques among other items. The company has 327 stores across North America and Europe. The company’s brands include Urban Outfitters, Anthropologie, Free People Leifsdottir and Terrain, with each brand specializing with different clients. The urban outfitters and the Anthropologie brands account for almost seventy percent of the sales. It has different sections, which include retail, wholesale, e-commerce and catalog. The company targets young adults aged between eighteen and forty five years. To cater for the needs of its vast clients, the company has four websites through which their customers can purchase different items. It has also located its stores strategically, including areas around universities and colleges, enclosed malls and upscale street locations, where most of its clients are. The company has also diversified its products and this attracted many people to its stores. The company has not opened market in any of the Asian countries and this has cost it a chance to expand its clientele (URBN, 2011).
American apparel had 258 retail stores and ten thousand employees operating in twenty countries by the end of the first quarter of the year. The company has a wholesale business and sells online. H & M has about 2,200 stores and operates in forty countries with a workforce of more than 87, 000. It has 16 production offices in Asia and Europe and 700 independent suppliers. H & M brands include H & M, COS, Monki, Weekday and Cheap Monday. H & M opened in America in the year 2000 and since then it has opened over 200 stores (Reuters, 2011). Unlike other stores, it does not offer online shopping. This has cost it many customers since a significant number of people nowadays prefer to shop online. Abercrombie and Fitch Company deal with apparel retailing, accessories and personal care products. The company’s brands include Abercrombie & Fitch, Abercrombie, Hollister and Gilly Hicks. The company targets teens and college students. As part of its strategy, the company has established stores in Asia, particularly China and Japan. Most of its net sales are from America. Europe and other areas make up a small percentage of its sales.
Stocks at Urban Outfitters Inc. are higher than stocks at the other companies. By January 31, the closing price of the shares was $33.82 at a volume of 1,847,600. The price dropped marginally to $32.99 at a volume of 3,432,700 by the end of February. The share price dropped further in March with the closing price of the shares at $29.83 at a volume of 4,206,200. By the end of April, the share price had gone up and it closed at the price of $32.99 at a volume of 3,432,700 (URBN, 2011). Urban Outfitters Inc is a big company compared to American apparel. The closing price of shares at American Apparel was $1.03 at a volume of 415,573 by 31 January. By the end of February, the closing price of the shares was $1.14 at a volume of 310,209. The shares dropped further in March and the closing price of the shares was $1 at a volume of 824,173. The situation improved the next month and by the end of April, the closing price was $1.45 at a volume of 1,882,657 (American Apparel, 2011).
Abercrombie and Fitch Company have increased its revenues impressively over the past few years. In 2010, the company was valued at 6billion and the shares were sold at $75.20. During this time, Urban Outfitters Inc was valued at 5billion with shares valued at $32.99. Volume for Abercrombie and Fitch was 2,076,872 while that of urban outfitters was 3,321,478 (Forbes, 2010). By the end of April, the shares price was $70.80 at a volume of 1.59million shares. The share price has however increased since then and the current readings show that the share price is at $74.26, showing a major improvement from the previous price. H & M Company is based in Sweden and it is listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange. The current shares are between 231.80kr and 227.90Kr with an average volume of 4,799,825 (Reuters, 2011).
Works Cited
American Apparel. Historic Stock Lookup. 2011. 13 May 2011.
Forbes. Abercrombie & Fitch Co. (NYSE: ANF) | At A Glance. 2010. Web. 13 May 2011
Forbes. Urban Outfitters Inc. (NASDAQ: URBN) | At A Glance. 2010. Web. 13 May 2011
Reuters. H & M Hennes & Mauritz AB (HMb.ST). 2011. Web. 13 May 2011
URBN. Historical Price Look. 2011. Web. 13 May 2011
Public Speaking best college essay helpSPEECH 100                                                                             Dr. Weisenborn
#4 – Persuasion                                                                              200 points
Length:  8-10 minutes      Extemporaneous Delivery           Outline Required-2
Read & Review Ch. 16
An eight to ten minutes presentation.  Choose a topic that is important – a problem that needs something to be addressed.  Develop a speech of persuasive fact (pp. 390), value (pp. 390, or policy (pp. 391).  Your message should be well organized and reflect your purpose clearly.  Your main points should be arranged in an appropriate design.  Speeches addressing local or issues can be very effective.  You should incorporate strategies for involving your audience with your speech.  You must submit two copies of the outline which includes a bibliography of at least three sources of information – No Wikipedia or websites!
The goal of this presentation is to identify substantive issues and present the evidence, argument, and solution for the situation.  In other words, you are to find argument “parts” and establish your position to the satisfaction of an audience.

Identify the situation
Research to establish your position (prove it)
Analyze the components
Identify the “weakness”


Clearly identify for the audience the issue and your position

by citing and explaining your research and argument analysis.

Use a standard issue approach:

Is there a problem?
Is an “attack” on it justified?
Is there a solution?
Is there a better alternative?

Use specific organization for your argument:

Deductive – from the “rule” to the specifics
Inductive – observations lead to a conclusion
Analogic – learn by considering similar situations
Two copies of a typed outline following key word format
Three specific research citations, including one book or magazine or newspaper.
NO Wikipedia or websites    Try
OPTIONAL:  Presentation aids at your optional.  (Will they complement?)
25 – Clearly established “problem”
25 –  Fully evaluate “solution alternative” to the problem and select one
20 –  Immediate and delayed action methods
20 –  Presentation
10 – Outline
Total times 2 = 200 possible points


(photo slide)
34% of Americans are overweight (1 in 3) and 67% (2 in 3) of Americans are overweight or obese.
“Obesity has been linked to a variety of chorionic diseases, almost 300,000 deaths each year, and $117 billion in direct and indirect annual costs in the United States alone.” (Colditz, Stein)
Because of the rising cost of obesity on society it has been proposed that a fast food tax should be implemented to help pay for public healthcare.  However such a tax would be unlikely to change societal habits due to its lack of coverage and would disproportionally cost lower income families. Therefore a tax system on all foods based on calories per ounce should be implemented.


Obesity and High Calorie foods

                                                               i.      Definition of Obesity and Overweight

Body Mass Index >/= 30
BMI 25-29
                                                             ii.      Obesity vs. McDonalds’

Obesity Map 1985 (10%>,10-14%)/McDonalds Stores Revenue 1985 ($3,500,000,000)
Obesity Map 1994 (10-14%,15-19%)
Obesity Map 1985

1 State 15-19%
Most 20-29%
6 =/> 30%
McDonalds Stores Revenue 2008 ($23,500,000,000)
                                                           iii.      Calories Per Cheeseburger

Homemade (Cal 409/Fat 16)
McDonalds (Cal 510/Fat 26)
Chilies (Cal 870/Fat 47)
Fast Food Tax = Bad Option

                                                               i.      Targets Low Income Families
                                                             ii.      Doesn’t cover all bad foods
                                                           iii.      May Cause Higher Consumption

Tax All Foods

                                                               i.      “To make a significant dent in escalating rates of obesity, taxes would have to be steep and widespread.” (Kaplan)
                                                             ii.      Everyone eats = equal distribution of tax
                                                           iii.      Tax Percentages

Whole Foods 0%
Average Foods 5%
Drenched in Butter 10%

                                                           iv.      Promote consumer and restaurant conscience for spending

Raises Awareness (Like Carbon Footprint tax in France)
Consumers learn to make better choices
Restaurants promote truly “low calorie” foods



Obesity is taking a costly toll on America but an effort to enrich the American conscience can promote change and lead to a healthier nation
References Print on back
“Junk-food tax idea is gaining weight: Cigarette hikes curb smoking, but can the tactic fight obesity?”,0,7348243,full.story
By Karen Kaplan August 23 2009
“The Epidemic of Obesity “
By Cynthia J. Stein and Graham A. Colditz 2004
“MCDONALD’S CORP reports earnings for Qtr to June 30”
July 24 1985
DEC 11 2009
Nutritional Information
Nutritional Information
Obesity Statistics
Nutritional Information
SPEECH 100 #4
INTRODUCTION: Save the Planet, Going Green, Give a Hoot Don’t Pollute are all catch phrases people use as part of the environmental movement.  Everyone wants to recycle, save the baby seal, or pick up garbage along the beach. Our waterways are vital for the survival of many species, but many people do not know where all the pollution comes from.  The number one source of pollution to US waterways is Storm Drain Pollution and it is critical to the existence of wildlife.
Transition:  Most people know what a storm drain is, but have never considered where they go, or that they are detrimental to lakes, streams, rivers and coastlines.
I.  Storm drain pollution
A.  Where does it come from?
B.  Common pollutants
Transition:  There are many ways to prevent storm drain pollution from reaching our water sources.
II. Storm drain pollution cleanup

Storm drain filters
Water treatment facilities
Storm drain education

Transition:  All of the methods are effective, but take time and cost money, but here are a few ways you can help prevent storm drain pollution now.
III. Pollution prevention

Over fertilization
Chemical dumping
Over watering
Car washing

Transition:  Car washing at home is one of the most hazardous activities performed by people without even knowing.
IV. Car wash pollution

Promotes algae growth
Kills fish
Water becomes toxic

Transition:  However there are some things that you can do that will limit the pollution to storm drains and the damage it causes the environment.
V. Limit car wash pollution
A. Use car wash B. Use environmentally friendly soap C. Use less water D. Wash on grass
CONCLUSION:  Make no mistake; storm drain pollution is dangerous to the environment and our health.  Although there are methods to clean the water from storm drains you can all help today by stopping unnecessary storm drain pollution and taking that extra step to limit the damage caused by washing cars at home.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, “Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Car Washing” (retrieved Oct. 7, 2009 from,
Environmental Partners Inc., “Practical Fish Toxicity Test Report” (March 2007)             (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from
Linwood Pendleton, “Managing Beach Amenities to Reduce Exposure to Coastal Hazards: Storm Water Pollution” (Feb. 2004) (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, “Road Salt and Water Quality Fact Sheet” (1996) (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from

Environmental studies and Fore argumentative essay helpThis last paper takes on two challenges, the first is to sustain a larger argument about a World level issue (Abroad), and the second is to use the Rogerian format for argument. (See Outline and review ch.5)
The chapters in your text that are related to this assignment are “Free Enterprise” and “Globalization”. These are very broad and encompassing ideas. Additionally, we need to consider the total world environment. How should we, as global citizens, approach our common future? The interchange of goods, their distribution, and their extraction from the earth or manufacture are issues that move beyond national boundaries.
The scope of this paper needs to be narrowed, somehow, to fit between 2000 and 2500 words. However, this can be narrowed in a variety of ways. First, you might narrow this to specific practices in economics, such as outsourcing. This would affect both national and international peoples. You also could narrow environmental concerns to the health of seas or rivers shared by several nations. You could argue for more support for NGOs (Non-governmental organizations), such as Doctors without Borders. By now you see that there needs to be specificity that is not restricted to the United States. You might even use the United States only tangentially, as the issue might be halting the spread of desertification in Africa or Asia.
It is important that you get approval and guidance on your chosen topic. You should not submit an outline on a non-approved topic, and certainly not a rough draft and final draft. If you must change your topic after approval, you will need reapproval and possibly a new outline (if submitted). Therefore, choose carefully. You want something that you can complete within the time scope of the paper, within its word limits, and with full support. Most importantly, perhaps, you want to choose something that you are interested in intellectually, and perhaps ethically, so you will be able to sustain your efforts over the next four weeks. Finally, you must be able to write this paper using not only the form but also the ideals of the Rogerian argument. Your tone and word choice are very important here, in addition to your research and technical skills.
This paper unit will include an Outline and an Annotated Bibliography, which are described and submitted separately.
The Bottomlines:
2000-2500 words in MLA style citations and layout (you may use APA, with approval, but must be consistent in its use)
a global topic with approval
an approved outline using the Rogerian worksheet
ten sources distributed as follows (at least one of each):
You may also include interviews, radio transcripts, and other forms of reliable sources.
a separate Annotated Bibliography
between 1-3 block quotes in proper format (quotes of 4+ lines)
Works Cited (or APA References) included in the paper, not the Annotated Bibliography
You will be assessed on your rhetoric, support, and technical prowess, as well as adherence to the assignment criteria.
This assignment will have a variety of checkpoints throughout the rest of the quarter and unit. Your paper may be submitted to an originality checker. Papers without proper documentation and/or proper naming and submission requirements may not be graded.The Rogerian Model:
Below is a chart that explains the “Rogerian” structure of presenting an argument*. Carl Rogers offered a model for persuasion that relies on the acknowledgement of both sides of a debate. Key to this model is the presentation of materials from both sides of the issue, followed by discussion of the particular contexts that make your “stance” the most viable option.
Organizational Element
Use this section to state the problem that you hope to resolve. This allows you to show the issue as one in need of a solution while offering the reader your essay as a positive resolution.
Summary of Opposing Views
Use this section to state the views of your opposition. It is important to stay objective (neutral and accurate).
Statement of Understanding
This is a tricky section. You need to acknowledge that these opposing views have merit, but suggest to the reader that you would like to offer some more information for further consideration. You should be diplomatic, but don’t make concessions.
Statement of Your Position
Present the heart of your argument in this section. You must discuss the reasons why you have taken your position and cite the supporting evidence.
Statement of Contexts
This section follows the “position” section for obvious reasons. It allows you to show when your position is the most logical option. This shows that though you are conscious of the merits of the other opinions, certain circumstances make your position the viable option.
The conclusion allows you to appeal the interests of your readers. Show them how they could benefit from your solution or how the larger community would be made better by your position.An Annotated Bibliography is an expansion of the Works Cited format you have been using with the addition of summary about the sources used.
You will need ten sources for your Annotated Bibliography.
These sources must exhibit the same distribution of source types as the final paper requirements. (See Essay 3 instructions.)
Each summary should be 150+ words.
The first sentence should be a one line summary of your source.
The summary should not include personal commentary for this version. (There are versions that are evaluative, but this is strictly summary.)
Even if you are using APA for your final paper, you must use MLA format for the Annotated Bibliography.
Don’t write an overly detailed summary. Your goal is a single paragraph of five to ten sentences.
Preserve the balance and proportion of the original work. If the original devoted 70% of its space to one idea and only 30% to another, your summary should reflect that emphasis.
Below is what the OWL at Purdue has to share. Note that these versions give the option of comments, unlike ours. Also note that these should be double-spaced, as are papers.
(From the OWL at Purdue, resource #614/03)
Lamott, Anne. Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life. New York: Anchor Books, 1995. Print.
Lamott’s book offers honest advice on the nature of a writing life, complete with its insecurities and failures. Taking a humorous approach to the realities of being a writer, the chapters in Lamott’s book are wry and anecdotal and offer advice on everything from plot development to jealousy, from perfectionism to struggling with one’s own internal critic. In the process, Lamott includes writing exercises designed to be both productive and fun.
Lamott offers sane advice for those struggling with the anxieties of writing, but her main project seems to be offering the reader a reality check regarding writing, publishing, and struggling with one’s own imperfect humanity in the process. Rather than a practical handbook to producing and/or publishing, this text is indispensable because of its honest perspective, its down-to-earth humor, and its encouraging approach.
Chapters in this text could easily be included in the curriculum for a writing class. Several of the chapters in Part 1 address the writing process and would serve to generate discussion on students’ own drafting and revising processes. Some of the writing exercises would also be appropriate for generating classroom writing exercises. Students should find Lamott’s style both engaging and enjoyable.
In the sample annotation above, the writer includes three paragraphs: a summary, an evaluation of the text, and a reflection on its applicability to his/her own research, respectively.
For information on formatting MLA citations, see our MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide.
Sample APA Annotation
Ehrenreich, B. (2001). Nickel and dimed: On (not) getting by in America. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
In this book of nonfiction based on the journalist’s experiential research, Ehrenreich attempts to ascertain whether it is currently possible for an individual to live on a minimum-wage in America. Taking jobs as a waitress, a maid in a cleaning service, and a Wal-Mart sales employee, the author summarizes and reflects on her work, her relationships with fellow workers, and her financial struggles in each situation.
An experienced journalist, Ehrenreich is aware of the limitations of her experiment and the ethical implications of her experiential research tactics and reflects on these issues in the text. The author is forthcoming about her methods and supplements her experiences with scholarly research on her places of employment, the economy, and the rising cost of living in America. Ehrenreich’s project is timely, descriptive, and well-researched.
The annotation above both summarizes and assesses the book in the citation. The first paragraph provides a brief summary of the author’s project in the book, covering the main points of the work. The second paragraph points out the project’s strengths and evaluates its methods and presentation. This particular annotation does not reflect on the sources potential importance or usefulness for this person’s own research.
For information on formatting APA citations, see our APA Formatting and Style Guide
Marketing best college essay helpCompose 2 page paper in APA format with 2 references cited in text and in the references section.
What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of competing on price alone? What conditions are necessary for successfully competing on a low cost strategy?
Compose 2 page paper in APA format with 2 references cited in text and in the references section.
Think about a company whose website you use frequently(Golf Channel) . Does their website support their goals? Is it easy to navigate? Is contact information clearly displayed?
“Classical” Concert Report a level english language essay helpHOW TO WRITE A CONCERT REPORT:
For any written project, it’s safe to start with the basics. Who, what, when, where, how, why (did you like/dislike).
*Date, Place, size of auditorium or concert venue, approximate size of audience.
*Performance medium (symphony, choral, string quartet, jazz ….). Types and numbers of instruments or performers. Conductor?
*Describe the performance venue (size and location of the concert hall)(pros/cons).
*Describe the performers. Grouping? How were they dressed (formal or casual)?
*What impressed you most about the performance? Why?
*Why did you like/dislike the music? Did one song stand out from all the others? What was your favorite song or piece – describe it in terms of structural characteristics (instruments, melody, harmony, rhythm/beat, organization or form).
*Can you connect the musical terms and concepts you learned from the student guide with the live performance of the musicians? Explain using examples.
Remember to put in all the pertinent information about location, style, atmosphere of the concert experience, and personal observations. Be creative, critical and honest. See if you can think like the &quot;entertainment newspaper reporter&quot; and do a musical critique.
Concerts: Students will be required to attend two live concerts and submit the reports by using the concert links in unit 15. DVC offers several concerts each semester or you may choose to attend others offered in your local area. Each concert is worth 100 points (300-500 words in length). One concert is expected to be of classical style and one of jazz, ethnic or classical.
Concert Report #1 should be of a classical tradition which includes symphony, choral, ensembles, philharmonic orchestra, symphonic band, but may also include ballet or opera.
I would like you to write about a &quot;Classical&quot; Concert Report. Actually, I supposed to attend a Classical Concert and write about it but I didn’t. Therefore, I want you to pretend that you recently went to an actual Classical Concert in CA then write the report as the instruction above.
Outsourcing Of Hospital Services custom essay helpRead through the case study on page 213 of your text book titled “Outsourcing of Hospital Services.” It covers capacity planning in operations management. Create a five-slide PowerPoint presentation that answers the questions posed in the case study. Be sure to use outside references, and cite them on the final page of your presentation
Introduction to Healthcare college essay helpIntroduction to Healthcare
Background Department Information
The emergency department deals with emergencies of all sorts as the word suggests. Emergencies involve treating patients who are in every critical conditions, making their lives be in danger of either death or other health complications like coma, paralysis, just to mention but a few. The emergency department requires all facilities and equipment to be ready at all times. It also requires readily available rooms including theatre rooms (Morrison & Mongale, 2009). There are doctors, nurses and other supportive staff readily available twenty-four hours to tackle any emergency. The department mostly works with general doctors, as they are able to deal with almost all types of emergencies before the arrival of a specialist doctor. There are at least three general doctors, ten nurses and fifteen supportive staff on call every time.
In the past, the emergency department was very efficient. There emergency delays were almost 0% and the patients who recovered went home more satisfied. The staff did not complain of overworking as they were evenly distributed and the emergencies were not as many. However, the story has been different for the past half a decade. The emergencies are more and the staffs are few. Even with the availability of technology, which is meant to make work easier and more efficient (Hughes & Perret, 2009), the hospital is witnessing delays in the emergency unit. Patients and those bringing the patients and noting this are complaining.
Staff and their responsibilities
       The support staff and two nurses receive an emergency at the entrance. It is a patient already in the hospital; a nurse first attends to the patient. The nurses try to stabilize a patient’s condition before the arrival of the doctor (Booyens, 2008). After the arrival of the doctor, the nurses work with the doctor as he/she tries to establish the main problem. If an emergency surgery is needed, one patient runs to the theater unit in order to arrange for the session, the other nurse arranges the necessary documentation to be signed by the next of kin and the other nurse remains with the doctor.
If there is need for a specialized doctor, he will be called in order to take over. However, if there is no time to waste, the available doctor will continue with the surgery and then he will hand over the case to the specialist if very necessary (Reilly & Markenson, 2011). As well known, emergencies should not be delayed. Unless it is beyond ones control, delays are not excusable. Delays are being experienced due to lack of facilities, available free theatre rooms, and available doctors.
Ramification of the problem
            The drop in customer satisfaction is one of the repercussions of the delay problem. Most people bringing their loved ones have complained of the patients staying in pain before they are catered for. The staff, which includes the doctors and the nurses, is complaining of being overworked. There are more patients now than there were some five years ago. Although the new technology was expected to make work easier, there is little difference felt. The three emergencies have to attend five emergencies at a go, which is a major cause of the experienced delays.
The numbers of deaths occurring in a day is also on the increase, Earlier the department used to experience at least one death out of every five emergencies handled. Nowadays, it has risen to three deaths per every ten emergencies handled. The sad part this might increase if nothing serious is done soon. People are having a preference of other hospitals overt this one. The delays are becoming intolerable and the staff is being overworked. If something is not done towards rectifying this problem, the medical organizations, human rights and the ministry may be forced to do something (Willams & Torrens, 2007). This is the last thing the hospital and the staff need. The hospital has to take action.

Booyens, S. W. (2008). Introduction to Health Services Management. Cape Town, S.A: Juta & Company Ltd
Hughes, P. & Ferret, E. (2009). Introduction to Health and Safety at Work. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Morrison, E. E. & Monagle, J. F. (2009). Health care ethics: critical issues for the 21st century. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Reilly, M. J., & Markenson, D. S. (2011). Health Care Emergency Management: Principles and Practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Williams, S. J. & Torrens, P. R. (2007). Introduction to health Services. New York, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.

Accounting essay help site:edu 
1. How would this behavior affect customers?
It the automotive industry will keep on selling parts and services that their customers do not really need, their customers would be unwilling to accept their service. They will stop purchasing this parts and services from the automotive industry until the company looks for a way forward of solving the problems. In addition, the customers will no longer trust the automotive industry hence will find a way of protecting themselves from unwanted products.
 How might customers attempt to protect themselves against this behavior?
Customers may attempt to protect themselves through hiring independent experts who may confirm that the effort is required in provision of good services. Consequently, they may reduce their demand of parts and services from the industry hence look for a better industry that will help them meet their needs. If the industry will not make any decision, customers may demonstrate against consumption of unwanted goods and this will impose a great threat to the industry.
How would this behavior probably affect profits and employment in the automotive service industry?
This behavior will lead to decrease of the company’s profits once the customers realize that the company keeps on manufacturing goods that are of poor quality. The company may end up loosing many customers hence their sales will decrease. This will lead to increased costs and the company may be forced to close down. On the other side of the employment, workers might become less productive and others may become untrustworthy hence the company may end up making losses. Imposing tough laws in the working environment may lead to cases of corruption, undermining of the industry and conflict of interest and other associated problems may result.
2. Why would reclassifying period costs as product costs increase this period’s reported earnings?
Reclassifying period costs increased because of the increased advertisement costs as product costs increased implying that the money was directly injected into manufacturing rather than advertising and administrative costs. This statement seems more outdated meaning that the statement of the company as the Gallant puts it is not clear. This is a false statement of increasing the price according to the indication of the report earnings. Holding off a switch of expenses until the next year will make Kranbrack Corporation to keep progressing backwards.
Do you believe Gallant’s actions are ethical? Why or why not?
Gallant’s actions are unethical because the statement that he makes about canceling and postponing orders to the following year including canceling of orders with the suppliers seems unnecessary. The case of delaying planned maintenance and training programs are unethically wrong. All of these statements are wrong indicating that Gallant has been participating in corruption and embezzlement of the company’s funds hence he is looking for a way of defending himself.
In addition, he might be okay with the solution of reducing things like advertisements and travel expenses. However, managers should look at other features when it comes to better management of the business. For instance, maintenance of machinery is essential because it may lead to increased costs hence the company may end up incurring costs that may affect the financial budget. Gallant could have not mentioned about postponing orders with the suppliers because if the corporation have already made an agreement with the suppliers and they cancel it, they may affect their relationships or it may end up to be a court case.
3. Explain why this would be the case for companies that use absorption costing?
Under the adsorption cost, companies that use this method are required to reduce the gross profits of their manufacturing costs and their inventory cost should be transferred according to the cost of goods sold. The underlying principle behind the absorption cost is that it makes a measured product to be accounted as a complete cost. Costs such as fixed costs on manufacturing are difficult to recognize because of a specific unit of production and this does not actually mean that they are not under the cost of production. Therefore, the United States automakers will try to improve on their competitiveness by considerably lowering their inventory cost hence reducing their profits.
How would you feel as a manager if your inventory reduction efforts resulted in lower profits and a smaller bonus?
If my inventory reduction efforts results in lower profits and a smaller bonus, I will change the marketing environment through introducing the new marketing opportunities. I will turn this new marketing opportunities into profits by planning a new strategy for the automotive company. I will introduce a method of satisfying customers in order to increase the sales of the products. I will employ the strategy that meets the needs of the customers especially focusing on luxury features thus may enable the company to earn more profits.
In addition, through use of the company’s objectives I will reduce inventory because it is a risk venture and introduce a set of pricing strategies. This price will spell out what price condition the companies face and their solutions. In addition, the policies will explain the flexibility of the prices and to which level the price will be set in the invention life cycle. Lastly, I will introduce a method on marketing mix in order to successful increase the sales of the company.
4. Explain why Atkins and Granger behave in this manner and describe the benefits they expect to realize from the use of budgetary slack.
In the conversation of Atkins and Granger, they behaved in that way because they wanted to plan for a formal quantitative terms. As such, they wanted to use budget to control the activities of their firm and specifically the estimate of their sales and production because they are the ones that determines the balance sheet and budget income statement. The benefits they expect from the use of budgetary slack include, flexibility in operation such as an additional margin or unrestricted expenses incase adverse conditions arise. Consequently, the pressure of meeting the present earnings of the year for every share will enable them to position their expenditures into the sales of the present year.
Explain how the use of budgetary slack can adversely affect Atkins and Granger.
The use of budgetary slack can adversely affect Atkins and Granger because it may reduce the overall effectiveness of the organizational plans. This will force them to take actions such as cost changes or reduce promotional expenses in order to improve their income. This elimination may not accomplish their objectives incase there would be no market changes. In addition, it will limit their objectives and goals evaluation through use budgetary slack information.
By referring to the IMA’s Statement of Ethical Professional Practice, explain why the use of budgetary slack may be unethical.
The budgetary slack may be unethical because in some cases most accountants can overestimate or underestimate the amount of revenue that will result in a certain period. This policy prevents budgets from working appropriately and it is unethical because many organizations deliberately twist figures so that they can be able to achieve certain accounting goals.
5. How did Preston Lansing probably “rig” the standard costs—are the standards set too high or too low? Explain.
Preston Lansing rigged the standard costs through following a practice of saving up the favorable variations that he used to create a smooth pattern of growing profits in the first three quarters followed by an extremely fourth quarter. The standards set are too high because when products are set at a lower cost than the normal standard, they produce a favorable variance. Thus, the cost of goods sold and the variance should have the correct cost in order to yield better results.
Should Preston Lansing be permitted to continue his practice of managing reported profits?
Preston Lansing should not be allowed to continue with this practice of managing reported profits because the standard quantity are set too high and the ordinary favorable variances will only result from the operations. Preston should be careful because the inventory might be overvalued due to wrong standards. Therefore, incase there are numerous inventory at an exaggerated cost, the cost of goods sold will be reduced on the income statement because of too much favorable variances. Actually, Preston has been trying to build inventory in every quarter but this idea distorts the quarterly income of the company hence may mislead the external users of the financial statements.
What should Stacy Cummins do in this situation?
Stacy Cummins does not have any alternatives because she already took the case to the president of the Merced Home Products, but he did not bother. When she asked if the Board of Directors were a ware of Lansing’s actions, she was told that everybody in the company is aware of what Lansing is doing. Therefore, she will quietly table the issue to the audit committee of Board of Directors and carefully tackle the issue in an ethical way to avoid creating conflicts in the company.
EIT TASK 3 revised essay help freeEIT TASK 3 revised
Identify the lesson components you chose
In this study, the concept of understanding and appreciating the American history occupies the first component of the lesson. The other lesson regards the ability to understand and apply the computer-based information in learning history together with the ability to remember the dates when certain historical events took place and the ability to remember images of the Historical monuments and sites. At the end of every class, students will partake in discussions of what they have learned in and Continuous Assessment Tests will be issued periodically, which will account for 30% of the final marks. At the end of the term, there will be an exam covering all that was learned and this will account for 60% of the marks. The remaining 10% will come from assignments.
Explain why you chose each resource you evaluated in A1.
The resources include History Books, Visual Aids (power point presentations) and the Academic Websites. The reasons that I used the History books as part of the resources is because they contain information of American prehistory in logical and well organized way in which it enables the  student to understands the occurrences of events in a more detailed way. Further more objectives are clearly defined, and this enables the actualization of learning objectives. Visual aids make use of text and images in its portrayal of history. In addition, PowerPoint gives a brief description of World War 1, the individuals involved and the crisis leading up to it. Academic websites on the other hand can be used to teach cultural diversity. They also have different factors that encourage their use as teaching resources. Some websites have graphical collections of history Podcasts that make lessons easier to learn. Historical layout is clear, and learners can find whatever they need since they are rationally presented.
Explain why each area in the evaluation checklist is important pedagogically.
Guidelines are very important in teaching for they include timelines of teaching, goals to be attained and how to deal with challenges. Timelines have to be drawn up by the teacher and students thus the different aspects of the history lesson should be allocated time in which they are to be completed to cover the whole lesson by the end of a term. The goals include both of the teacher and of students. For instance, Clarity in the case of visual aids, “the texts should be easy to read and also to understand and the images should be clear enough to be comprehended” (Tosh 2006). In the case of pod casts, the information that is contained in them is quite accurate and clear. In addition, the amount contained in the academic websites is just enough with clear and brief answers to questions thus enhancing efficiency. There is no unnecessary information hence the lessons help the students in their studies.
Explain why it is important to choose culturally appropriate and linguistically sensitive materials.
The use of culture and language are sensitive parts in the society thus, they require attention in this study. This is done to enhance cohesion through understanding of the work presented. In addition, cultural issues are vital because they represent sense of belonging of a community thus it should be respected to facilitate peace. The book introduces all aspects clearly and explains it in depth to the readers’ understanding. “Visual arts are best sources of historical ages as they show what and how things were at a particular time” (Lowenthal, 2000). It provides pictures to the learners and gives them the actual look of the environment as changes took place during early ages. The use of both text and images in visual aid is helpful
Explain why you would or would not decide to use each resource in the lesson.
All the three mentioned resources have their own contribution in form of enhancing student learning. Therefore, to prevent the prejudice associated with such, teachers should involve the use of other resources. The power point presentation as much as they offer colorful text or pictures, they are time consuming when creating them and they do not allow the passing of a lot of information without reducing their font size. They should only be applied in classrooms that do not have many students. Academic websites are the newest addition to the learning system and they offer a lot of information that can be updated. In addition, access of information is faster compared to other resources. The use of academic websites may be reduced due to the fact that, not everyone also prefers computers. All the three resources rely on each other and they should be used interchangeably where possible.

Lowenthal, D. (2000). Dilemmas and delights of learning history: Knowing teaching and learning history, national and international perspectives. New York, NY: New York University Press.
Tosh, J. (2006). The pursuit of history. London, UK: Pearson Education Limited.

The Birth of the Industrial Age college essay help onlineThe Birth of the Industrial Age
The industrial revolution was a period, which started in the eighteenth century to the nineteenth century when the major changes especially in the agricultural sector that took place. Additionally, it is in this era that the behaviors and the lifestyle of humankind changed completely (Montagna, 2006). Moreover, at this time, in the agricultural revolution, there were many inventions, which changed the face of agriculture, by improving it drastically and boosting the economy leading to changes in the lives of the human beings.
The first invention that took place in the industrial revolution and changed agriculture was the invention of the seed drill. It was first invented by Jethro Tull in 1701 in the UK. Before the seed drill was invented, people used to drill their seeds anyhow in the fields. Most of the seeds did not grow due to them being eaten by birds. After the seed drill was invented, seeds were planted in a more organized way and they were even buried in the ground in such manner that the birds could not eat them. This led to a great change in the economy and very many people changed their lifestyle. This change can be shown by the use of the bar chart shown in figure 1.1 below.
The second invention was the iron plough, which was invented by Joseph Foljambe. Before this invention was made, people used to plough the lands using the crude tools and hands to cultivate their land. The crops were not doing well in the fields and most of them did not grow. At that time, there was low productivity and the life expectancy was very low. The economy was very low and the crops never used to yield better production. The iron drill used to plough through to the soil and make it easier to plant the seeds and it loosened the soil making the fertility of the soil to improve. When this was implemented, the economy started to grow and the lives of people changed drastically. This change can be shown below by the use of the bar graph in figure 1.1 below.
The third invention, which came to boost the agricultural sector at that time, was the invention of the crop rotation system. In the early days before this invention, land was divided into three portions where one portion was left without anything for a whole year. There was wastage in the use of land since nothing was being cultivated. Due to this, animals were being slaughtered at some point of the year since they had nothing to eat but the invention of planting root crops in the crop rotation led to the increase in production especially in the dairy industry since food was now in plenty for the animals (Beard, 2006). Therefore, this led to the economic growth and the increase of the living standards.
The other inventions that were invented after the use of the above were just invention to modify the usage of the above tools and make them better. The first modifications were made to the iron plough where it was modified to make work easier and more efficient by the use of the horses. The work now could be done faster and efficiently at ease without any problems. This changed the economy to the pretty well because work in the fields was done at a faster rate than before. This meant that a large portion of the land could be finished at a faster rate. For this reason, there was an increase in productivity, which later led to the growth of the economy.
A further invention was made to the horse drawn plough, which led to the growth of agriculture. Instead of using the animals for the purposes of cultivating the lands, tractors that were using steam engines replaced the animals. This improved the efficiency of work even much better because the animals that were being used required a lot of money power as compared to the steam engine tractors. This led to the increase in the crop production. The increase in crop production led to an increase in the economy leading to the improved living standards of the human beings. However, the laborers did not go well with this new invention because many people lost their jobs. These changes could be shown by the use of the bar chart shown in figure 1.1 below.
Another invention that was modified to improve the productivity of crops was the use of the new diesel engine machines. For instance, the steam engine tractor, which required a lot of money and work force to operate, was changed to the new diesel tractor, which was by far much cheaper and required fewer workers to operate. Due to this, there was an increase in the productivity, which led to the reduced prices in the sale of the products. It also led to the loss of work to the different casual workers who used to work in the fields. Despite this, the living standards grew drastically.
Another great invention that helped in agriculture, which was in the technology sector, was electricity. Many inventions like the machines that used steam engines became obsolete. This was because they still required a lot of work force to operate them. Additionally, they required a lot of money to operate making the products to be sold at high prices to the end user. After the invention of electricity, the productivity of these crops changed leading to a high production rate and things became cheaper. Despite these major impacts, the laborers started to lose their jobs because they were being replaced by the machines. However, there is no doubt that at this time the world experienced the biggest change in the economy. This could be shown by the bar chart shown in figure 1.1 below.
Lastly, after all this inventions the agricultural revolution grew leading to the growth of the factory system by the early twentieth century. This meant that the food, which was cultivated from the land, could now be processed in the different factories. This led to low wastages of those commodities that would perish quickly leading to an increased productivity of goods. Additionally, it led to the increase in the living standards of the people, which led to a higher expectancy levels in the lives of the people (Montagna, 2006). These great economic changes could be shown by the use of the bar chart shown in figure 1.1 below.
Y – Axis = production in millions
X – Axis = years
Beard, C. A., (2006). The Industrial Revolution. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis
Montagna, J. A., (2006). The Industrial Revolution. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. Retrieved From:
Surname essay help freeName:
We do not need traditional newspapers
            The question on most news enthusiasts’ lips is that, do we really need newspapers? Newspapers are facing only one problem; the internet. The internet is gradually becoming the biggest source of news and information in the world. Due to the availability of the internet via many institutions, many people prefer it as a source of information and news than the newspapers. The culture of having newspapers delivered daily to ones home is slowly dying with many readers of the news turning to online sources for their information needs. Newspapers are more costly than accessing the internet and their costs keep raising. At this rate, the people will turn fully to the internet for their information and news needs. Indeed the newspapers are not necessary when the internet is readily available.
Tony Harcup and Peter Cole in their book ‘Newspaper Journalism’ say that
“Newspapers have many rivals for attention, and some will not survive the competition. Others may be killed by owners only interested in the bottom line. Still others will change or adapt to new conditions. The re will be free newspapers, e-newspapers, newspapers on computer screens and mobile telephone screens and i-pod screens”, (Harcup and Cole, 192).
This shows how the next ten to fifteen years shall be for the newspaper industry. This means that the newspapers shall not be completely phased out but shall have very few people left reading them. Newspaper circulation is experiencing its worst days in America since 2002. The newspaper companies are losing ten percent of their loyal paying customers every year.
The loss in the newspaper industry might be partly because of their own doing. This is because, in resent times and in their trends, the newspaper industry has been too slow to accept and incorporate the internet in their operations. The newspaper industry has depended too much on paper as their only means of delivery of their message. In theory the newspaper report about things that are changing and how the world is changing everyday, however, they have failed to embrace the change that they preach about in their papers everyday. The newspapers today are concentrating too much on reporting entertainment than news. Most of what is being published as news concerns entertainment other than current affairs that lie across the board.
It is evident that for their survival, newspapers need to incorporate the internet in their operations. They need to increase their presence in the electronic media and develop material that shall be online based. The newspapers should launch campaigns like publishing online newspapers. This shall make them get clients that would actually want to pay for their services and this shall reduce their emphasis on print media. Fifty-five percent of Americans who follow current affairs rely on the internet for their information. This number is currently increasing on a very high rate. In a few years time, the number shall have increased quite considerably due to the ease in which the internet is offering people to access it.
There are newspapers that actually have internet platforms for reading the newspaper. This is where most Americans are finding their information from and it comes with a wide variety of applications. One can choose which stories to read. This means that there is convenience in the online newspapers. This feature attracts readers since people who prefer certain columns to others in the newspapers get to choose which they want. People who prefer comparing stories from different sources and previously bought several newspapers, now just read their various papers from the internet at the click of a button for very little or no charge at all. Newspaper media houses need to figure out that a person does not have to have or buy a newspaper in order to read their news.
Blog spots are another issue that is facing the newspaper industry. This is because most people who have access to the internet have developed the mentality that they do not have to buy their news. On the internet, if one needs information, one just has to develop a search with the key words in a search engine like Google or Bing and then millions of results pop up. Blogging appears since; a person with a personal blog spot about an issue is in a better position to offer better information than the newspaper. This general mentality has been acquired by most people. For instance, when the terrorist Osama died, several newspapers wrote about it. However, bloggers from Abbottabad gave the experience from the ground and gave hourly updates of what was going on in the area. Indeed, better information would come from the bloggers other than the newspapers.
“The newest numbers on newspaper circulation, released Monday by the Audit Bureau of Circulations, paint a dismal picture for an industry already feeling the pressures of an advertising slump coupled with the worst business downturn since the Great Depression” (Ahrens, 2009). Frank Ahrens wrote this in his article, “The accelerating decline of newspapers;
Small dailies are rare bright spot in latest figures”. The article describes how the average number of Americans who buy newspapers is reducing in a significantly steady rate. It also states that the daily circulation of newspapers in the US has been in the decline since the year 1987. the main reason for this decline being named as a the stiff competition the papers are facing from other sources of reading information and advertising like the internet. The success of the other information sources however has been named to be only in the readership and their success does not reflect in profits.
The reason behind this is failure in profits is because of the low cost of advertising in the internet compared with the print media. Statistics shown in the article state that newspaper internet sites like the ‘New York Times Online’ have gained considerable popularity in the recent years. About 21.5 million subscribers access the site every month and the number increases with about seven percent per year. At the same time, the Times Company for print newspapers reported a drop in their revenue from advertisement by 27 percent. Other print newspaper companies are losing money in sales and advertisement revenues every year. Ahrens figures that several factors have contributed to the decrease in the newspaper sales. For instance, some newspaper companies have pulled back their distribution to far areas in a bid to reduce their production and fuel costs.
The publishing companies have also hiked the prices for their newspapers and this discourages the people to buy especially when a cheaper and more flexible option exists. He adds that only about 13 percent of the total American population still buys newspapers today. Ahrens figures that the small newspapers that concentrate on news from their localities are doing far much better financially than the large-scale newspapers. This, he attributes to the capturing of the local advertisement scene in the localities and thus their revenues in advertisement are ever increasing.
Bob Franklin in his book “Pulling newspapers apart: analysing print journalism”, states that,
“While the decline in newspapers’ circulation is undoubtedly significant the suggestion here is that newspapers are not about to ‘vanish’ or disappear. Newspapers are changing and adapting their contents, style and design in response to the challenges they confront in the increasingly competitive and fragmented market for readers and advertisers posed by other newspapers, but additionally by the new media platforms of the internet and mobile telephony, which deliver news, blogs, text alerts, news updates, podcasts and user-generated content (UGC) to ‘readers’ at a greater pace, in more accessible formats and when readers demand them.” (Franklin, 2)
This clearly suggests that for the newspaper industry to stop clutching on straws, pull back into the competitive market, as worthy opponents, they need to style up, and incorporate the new ways of doing things.
Franklin here offers a possible solution to newspaper houses on how to change their tactics to bring their products back on the competitive scene. What the companies need to do is to listen more to the user or the consumer. They also need to create more flexible products that fit the preferences of the consumer and develop strategies that shall make them aware of new methods that consumers prefer to get their news. The newspaper media would be a popular source of news for the newsreaders if only they tried to fit to the customers’ needs and preferences.
“Nearly half of American newspaper executives felt their papers could be harmed by internet based competition. Some news executives said that readers would continue to adopt internet newspapers for news consumption with enthusiasm,” (Li, 123).
Li says this in his book “Internet newspapers: the making of a mainstream medium”. This clearly shows that the main competitor for the print newspaper industry is the internet media sources. The costs of a printing press are highlighted in David Lieberman’s article, “Extra! Extra! Are newspapers dying? Closings scare some; others say no way will newsrooms die and it mentions”. The article describes how expensive setting up a printing press is and relates it to the high costs incurred by print media houses. This is one of the reasons why print media has a dark future. Any company’s production costs have to be incorporated in the price of the product. This being the case, the prices of the newspapers might never change or decrease. At the same time, the internet offers prices that are next to zero for their information. Comparing these two scenarios, one clearly finds out that the print media stands no chance of making any more profits in the near future.
Works Cited:
Ahrens, Frank. “The accelerating decline of newspapers: Small dailies are rare bright spot in latest figures.” The Washington Post Tuesday, October 2009: Web.
Franklin, Bob. Pulling newspapers apart: analysing print journalism. New York, NY: Routledge, 2008. Print.
Harcup, Tony and Cole, Peter. Newspaper Journalism. New York, NY: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2009. Print.
Li, Xigen. Internet newspapers: the making of a mainstream medium. New York, NY: Routledge, 2006. Print.
Lieberman, David. “Extra! Extra! Are newspapers dying? Closings scare some; others say no way will newsrooms die.” USA Today Thursday, April 2011: Web.
Program Enhancement college essay help near meProgram Enhancement
Society is not new to problems linked with young misbehavior and imprudence. An example is the outraged youth gangs on the street. Children socialization is a normal pattern might prove difficult. Different cultures may expect different expectation from it youth, but some norms cut across the world. Despite the diversity in culture, religion or race, experts say that children are not obviously born to differentiate right from wrong or to be conventional to their behavior to normative expectations. At birth, children are born with a blank slate, appropriate messages and controls are later on filled in with time along the contour (Berger, & Paul, 2009). As much as it is true, that most people act from time to time and behave in unusual ways. Parents are primarily accountable for the psychological and physiological development of their children. The earliest years of a child as psychologists say, are the most influential as one grows up.
The Juvenile Educational Enhancement Program (JJEEP) enhances, puts to practice and maintains a structure that is based on past studies, and which enables local education, as well as providing local youth with an avenue through which they can vent their energy. These gangs of delinquent youth usually flood the streets and are a cause of insecurity to the society. The program was started in 1998, when the college of criminology and criminal justice at Florida  started a project with the DOE to carry out research on juvenile Justice Enhancement  program The program offers quality assurance reviews’ and technical aid to nearly 200 juvenile justice education program in Florida (Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement, 2011). It is funded by the Florida Department of education and executed by the Florida state university for criminology and public policy research.
JJEEP meets its criteria by providing avenues towards ensuring that excellence in instructive services that enhance the lives of the youth. Throughout the year, an analysis of the goings on is made and this aids in providing a review of teaching standards. At the same time, a recognition of the teachers’ input is achieved and awards are offered to the most active teachers (JJEEC, 2011). It helps instigate a counteractive action process when major problems are observed. The main aspects of the program that are developed further include providing every child in Florida with a place to call home as well as an institution of learning that is of high quality.
The JJEEP serves the youth in Florida by providing services to more than 350 students at any time an average day has 10000 youths in Florida and 30000 annually (Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement, 2011). The program is highly effective as stated by the quality assurance survey and helps give valuable methods of evaluation and maintenance of the school. The program is highly effective to the state of California Research shows that the youth from the facility are equipped with knowledge and skills. The children are also counseled and advised on how to lead normal lives outside the correctional centre. It is proven to be highly effecting because of statistics that show how the program operates and its products attest to it.
However, the program can be improved by reaching more to the gang on the street than base statistics on management, in addition to how the centre runs. The intentional ideas for the running of this program are for correctional purposes that to some extend is sidelined. The product of the centre should be followed outside the program to encourage the ones in the program to follow suit and make better citizen.

Berger, R. J., & Paul, D. G. (2009). Juvenile delinquency and justice: sociological perspectives. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement. (2011).Centre for Criminal And Public Policy Research. Retrieved from

Business Excellence essay help freeUse the uploaded files as references or as common knowledge to answer the questions mentioned bellow, each answer should me written separately.
List of Questions:
Q2: What are the lead facilitators roles during the site-visit?
Q 4: When writing an award-submission document for the EFQM Excellence Award, how many pages should be allocated (approximately) for each main criterion?
Q 5: What are the important milestones for an award submission?
Q 11: One of the key steps in Self-assessment is: Site-visit. How can we make it effective and efficient?
Q 15: One approach of self-assessment is called: Matrix approach. Describe briefly this approach and list its advantages and disadvantages?
Note: PLEASE try to finish as soon as possible

Business Excellence

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Instructors Name


Course Title


            The UAE hosts a variety of organizations. Etihad Airways is one of the organizations that have led to the development of the UAE economy since the year 2003. This research is important to reveal the capability of Etihad to survive in one of the fastest growing economies in the world today. The information provided in this paper is retrieved from various sources to portray the organizations competence in terms of its strategic alignment, processes, and customer results. It is important to note that this research acts as a useful tool in understanding efforts made in the airline industry to attain excellence in business by most of the successful organizations.

Table of contents
1.0 Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2
2.0 Introduction……………………………………………………….………………………………….…4
3.0 Strategy ………………………… …………………………………………………………………..…5
3.1 Marketing Stratagem
3.2 Stakeholder Satisfaction and Consideration
3.3 Internalization of new technology
3.4 Balancing Objectives
4.0 Processes ……………………………………………………………………………………………….7
4.1 Internal Communiqué
4.2 Human Resource procedures
4.3 Performance Evaluation Process
5.0 Customer Results ……………………………………………………………………………………….8
5.1 Client Fulfillment
5.2 Company Map Deliverables
5.3 Feedback
6.0 Summary and Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………….10
7.0 References …………………………………………………………………………………………….11
Etihad Airways is an organization in the UAE. The word Etihad supposedly means an amalgamation. It is borrowed from the Arabic tongue. Etihad was established in the year 2003 and began its operations during the month of November the same year. It is one of the fastest growing corporations in the UAE. The records of the organization reveal that it serves 66 target markets. In addition, it manages over 1000 trips on a weekly basis to 44 nations (Books, LLC, 2010). However, the operations of this UAE organization are centered in various continents. These are Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. The head office for the organization are located in the city of Khalifa, Abu Dhabi. The first year of the organization’s operations saw it provide services to 340,000 people. Apart from the flight services, Etihad has maintained a steady income from dealing with cargo.
The organization was put in place as the countrywide airline in UAE in the month of July the year 2003.  Etihad began with a start up capital approximated at 500 million Arab emirate Dollars with its first flight serving the Al Ain destination (Books, LLC, 2010). As the organization sought to gain access in the international arena, it launched its first global services for Beirut. A board of managers runs the Etihad organization. Its executive panel of managers is inclusive of seven autonomous non-executive affiliates as well as a pair of sub agencies. The sub agencies are the executive agency and the inspection committee. For purposes of efficiency, autonomous chairperson and charter govern the two sub agencies. Etihad serves as a backer to sporting clubs in the UAE. It is however amazing that the organization manages to record minimal profits since its inception. Despite this fact, Etihad has been identified as one of the leading international airline organizations since the year 2003. This paper is going to provide an overview of the submission documents by paying close attention to the organizations Strategy, procedures, and client results.
3.0 Strategy
The organizations stratagems are dependent on both the present and upcoming requirements and prospects of the stakeholders. This is because stakeholders play a vital role in ensuring the success of any global organization. In order to maintain its statistical and practical positions on the global map, the organization has put in place diverse stratagems.
Marketing stratagem
The recent years have borne witness to a rise in the level of competitiveness in the airline business. This fact has necessitated the development of effective marketing strategies. One of the marketing stratagems used by this organization is the idea of marketing via the internet. Etihad came in to existence during an era of internet awareness. The organization has managed to use this as an asset especially in gaining a stable foothold in the international arena. Internet marketing has boosted the popularity of Etihad from year to year. This was initiated by coming up with a well-structured website where the organization has provided all the information required by potential customers. In addition to this, Etihad has signed contracts with owners of social websites such as face book (Namaki, 2008). This ensures that once a potential customer logs in to the website he/she is able to share the information provided to friends. Such contracts have been a major marketing breakthrough for Etihad.
Stakeholder satisfaction and consideration
The Etihad organization has a variety of stakeholders. These are inclusive of municipal service sources, local citizens, and government representatives. In order to keep the stakeholders interested in business, Etihad has a strategy aimed at stakeholders’ satisfaction this means that the organization’s approach is based on its skills and experiential legacy in terms of skills in the industry. It also incorporates the moderation of as well as amendment as per the feedback obtained from its stakeholders. In addition to this, Etihad gives its stakeholders the opportunity to perform an annual review of the organizations objectives and achievements (Namaki, 2008). This is a very vital tactic. It has helped Etihad to stay afloat even in the face of economic and universal pecuniary crisis. As such, the feedback obtained from the firms’ stakeholders is unequalled in keeping the firm on toes in terms of policies, services provided, and strategies. This strategy for stakeholder satisfaction also assists in ensuring that projects associated with the interests of the stakeholders are updated when need arises.
Internalization of new technology
In this era of information, the ability of organizations to stay afloat depends largely on its capacity to internalize new technological enhancements. This strategy was introduced in Etihad a year before its first international flight. Since then, the company has engraved the stratagem of technology internalization in every annual strategy report. In order to ensure that the organization remains abreast new technological advancements, two sub-stratagems have been put in place. To begin with, the experimental infrastructure of Etihad is always kept up to date. This plays an essential role in the simulation of hardware as well as software requirements. Complex molds and gears of the organization are placed under competent personnel to increase its computing ability. In addition to this, the organization has also ensured that its services are compatible with the modern ATM equipment (Namaki, 2008). The displays of the regulator ATC are simulated to include modernized simulations of the enormous flat pane instruments. Secondly, Etihad has invested enormously in the arena of innovation. It has directed a great percentile of its resources to ensure exceptional innovation. This stratagem enables the organization to venture in to new and radical expertise. This particular strategy has enabled Etihad to link up with universities with the motive of coming up with better technological expertise. As such, the strategy of internalizing new expertise has resulted to major improvements in the modeling of Etihad’s airlines.
Balancing organizational objectives
This strategy serves to create stability within Etihad. It also helps in the evaluation of the organizations performance. For this strategy to be effective, Etihad has put in to consideration the preferences of its stakeholders. It means that the organization is aware of the fact that stakeholders are more short term oriented when it comes to objectives. This is because they are greatly affected by the prevailing financial and economic conditions. With this stratagem in place, Etihad is able to analyze forecasts as well as setback figures thus coming up with a prediction of future performances. The balance between the two objectives is achieved by providing the necessary support to the providers of air travel services especially when prototyping and testing of new-fangled regulator interface blueprints are required (Hanlon, 2006).  This has also been achieved via the centralization of long-standing goals and activities. Centralization is encouraged by the stakeholders because it ensures that their short-term interests are well protected.
The balancing of the time-differentiated objectives is also a strategy accomplished via industrialization. To make this strategy effective, Etihad has identified products that can be developed additionally by external partners. This means that the organization has signed contracts with the external technically oriented world to ensure improvements in the manner in which it offers its services. With such a stratagem, the organization is able to blend both its long-standing and short-standing objectives because any technological advancement along the way leads to the alteration of goals that are already set. In addition to this, the strategy plays a vital role in the creation of commercial responsiveness (Hanlon, 2006).
The effectual performance of every international firm depends on the ability to ensure competent procedures. At inception, Etihad started by devoting its time and resources towards mapping and certification processes. During the first year of its operation, the organization arrived at a consensus regarding the major scaffold of vital processes needed to implement its strategies.
Internal communiqué
This is one of the key processes in the Etihad organization. After every two weeks, the organization facilitates for employee meetings. These meetings are geared towards the exchange of information amongst employees so that the set working program can be carried out effectively. Occasionally, the organization involves stakeholders in its work curriculum management gatherings (Taneja, 2010). This is done to enhance the organizations visibility at the performance level. It also serves as a route to attaining vital feedback. Also inclusive of this process is the systematic assessment of personal employee projects. This is done to ensure that every employee in the organization understands the vitality of his/her contribution to the overall organizations objective. Such sharing of information is essential in facilitating procedures in the organization. It also aligns individual efforts and objectives to the policies of Etihad.
The organization ensures staff gatherings are held twice every year to communicate new policies that are added in to the organizations log-term goals. During these gatherings, the vital initiatives are elucidated.  Moreover, management summits are held four times every year. All the central managers of the organization attend such summits. In addition, the organization ensures that weekly magazines are provided to each of its employers. This is correlated with information corners provided a weekly basis to all employees. The purpose of these two is to ensure that no worker lags behind in terms of information. These informative processes also crate a consistent awareness of each employee’s contribution to the overall success of the firm.
Human resource procedures
Etihad records its HR procedures by using the intranet. The department in charge of human capital runs its HR procedures. Over the years, the organization has gained applause from the international community for its effective HR routines. However, surveys carried out in the year 2005 reveled that the organizations employees were dissatisfied with the HR routines of that time. It is therefore logical to assert that the organization has in deed made many positive changes since then. This is revealed by a study done on the same issue two years after that. Results showed that a whooping 78% of the employee populace were comfortable with the HR methodologies (Taneja, 2010).
The processes include training, management of staff, and enrollment (Taneja, 2010). In order to make these procedures more effective, Etihad performs a check on the HR department after every six months. The organization’s processes in the management of human capital also take the form of interior audits for all activities performed. Prior to any new recruitment, the entire staff at the head office discusses the positions available and the qualities applicants are supposed to have. After this, the processes of handling recruitments and staff are left to the HR section. Apart from this, this section is left with the responsibility to carry out staff surveys and address the findings thereof. The office in charge of managing staff affairs is also faced with the responsibility of dictating the operation hours. It also takes care of processes that cater for employee discipline and performance. These include questions and administrative problems. Such procedures play a vital role in providing staff with ample time to handle the ever-increasing tasks.
Performance evaluation process
In order to ensure employee motivation for ultimate productivity, Etihad carries out annual processes aimed at evaluating and rewarding its employees. This has been the trend since the inception of the organization. This particular process consists of interviews as well as printed reports. As per the executives, each must have an appraisal once in every two years. Etihad has put in place training programs for the performers of this process. The only people exempted from the appraisal procedure are those expected to retire within the current year. In the year 2006, the company set a record of 86% of completed appraisals (Namaki, 2008). Over the years, this process has turned to become part of the organizational culture at Etihad. As such, its appreciation amongst the firms’ employees has gained popularity.
Customer results
            Etihad has developed a trend for excellence in business that measures comprehensively the achievements and exceptional results with special reference to its clients. It is the responsibility of every organization to satisfy its clients if it is to stay afloat in the global competitive environment. Careful observations reveal that Etihad has successfully engaged in this arena. Patron results involve evaluating the advantages that the existence of an organization accrues to its customers. It is also inclusive of obtaining necessary feedback with the motive of enhancing performance.
Client fulfillment
Etihad carries out an all-inclusive survey on its clients after a period of 18 months. The analysis is structured in such a way that data is gathered in an organized manner to determine the effectiveness of the organization in fulfilling the demands of its clients. Depending on whether the results reveal an increment or stable levels of satisfaction, Etihad responds appropriately to promote efficiency (Hanlon, 2006). However, over the years the organization has encountered the same problem annually on this matter. This has to do with the issuing of questionnaires. A good example is evident from 2005 to 2008. Surveys carried out during this time were not as effective as expected because of low rates of client response. The organization faces such challenges because of the inability of its ground men to issue questionnaires early enough. It is however important to note that Etihad has recorded notable improvements in this area since the year 2009. This is since then the organization has been able to collect accurate data thus making client feedback part of the process. As such, Etihad has managed to improve in the arena of client fulfillment over the past two years.
            Company map deliverables
            In order to ensure proper track of the organizations ability to satisfy the needs of its clients, Etihad came up with organizational deliverables covering al its aspects of operation. Beginning the year 2007, Etihad initiated a strategy to have every client receive email questionnaires. This has been done annually since then with the motive of determining the client satisfaction echelon. Over the years, the emails have been more efficient as compared to sending people in the field. In the year 2008, Etihad recorder its highest performance as per the data collected on customer satisfaction. With a target of 90%, the organization had a rejoinder rate of 48%.  Feedback obtained from the clients showed that 80% were very pleased, 14% were slightly satisfied, and only 6% were not satisfied at all (Taneja, 2010).
            The aspect of readily available client feedback has been developed by Etihad to act as a major booster in its ability to meet the requirements of its clients. Once on board, the organization has developed a strategy to seek feedback from clients before they alight. Questionnaires are issued out to the clients on board. The questionnaires are inclusive of comments from the customers. It is expected of each client to fill the questionnaire and leave it in the plane before alighting. Although it is not mandatory for clients to fill the questionnaires, this strategy has provided Etihad with consistent feedback from its clients.
Summary and conclusion                  
This paper has discussed Etihad Airways one of the organizations based in the UAE. It has introduced the organization in question. In addition, the paper has explored Etihad’s Strategy, processes and client relations. The content of this per was discussed with reference to excellence in business. From the information gathered during this research, it is important to note that Etihad is an organization that has developed a strong resistance to economic and financial conditions. Its resilience and ability to stay afloat despite the challenges in the airline industry are because of its effective strategies. Etihad was able to gain a foothold in the competitive airline industry because it embraced the present times and seasons by developing strategies to stay aligned with modern technology.  Its efficient marketing stratagems, ability to balance its objectives, and stakeholder satisfaction represent the core strategies for every successful firm in the same line of operation. However, Etihad can still improve its performance by exploring other strategic avenues such as forming alliances with giants in the industry. One of the most commendable areas of improvement in Etihad airline procedures is the HR processes (Hanlon, 2006). This tells us why the organization has been able to survive in today’s competitive environment. In terms of customer relations, Etihad is one of the world best. The study carried out in the year 2008 reveals the platform on which the organization has thrived on until today.
On a conclusive note, Etihad has already set the platform required for it to become a landmark in the airline business. It is an example of organizations whose main concern is the satisfaction of its clients. This research provides a hint for the failure of other entrants in the airline business. This is derivable from the capacity of Etihad to survive despite its inability to record profits from one financial year to another. It is thus clear that the basis for airline business is customer fulfillment.
Books, LLC. (2010). Organizations Based in Abu Dhabi: Companies Based in Abu Dhabi, Museums in Abu Dhabi, Etihad Airways, Gasco, Etisalat, Louvre Abu Dhabi. Melbourne: General Books LLC, p 15-21.
Hanlon. (2006). Global airlines. Massachusetts: Butterworth-Heinemann, p 52-54.
Kanji, K. (2002). Measuring business excellence. New York: Routledge, p 18-23.
Namaki, S. (2008). Strategy and entrepreneurship in Arab countries. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, p 41-47.
Taneja, K. (2010). Looking beyond the runway: airlines innovating with best practices while facing realities. New York: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., p 24-27.

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Length:           7 – 10 minutes
Novel:             My Sister’s Keeper
Author:          Jodi Picoult
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Points to address
The book for this task is “The Soloist” by Mark Salzman

Introduce the book and the direction your talk will take by referring to these things, though not necessarily in this order: title, author, a description of the overall issues/ideas and how they are represented through the characters and events. Mention also the setting (location and era). Briefly indicate whether you are going to recommend the book or not, and why. (not too much talking about the book!)


Identify your own reading position in relation to your book (do you accept the invited/dominant reading or are you a resistant reader? Or do you have an alternative interpretation of events and characters?). Support this position by some reference to the centered, the text-centered, the reader-centered or the worldview approach?


Now address the main part of the task: assess the book’s suitability for whole-class study, and justify your decision, using these criteria: does the book promote values that are worthwhile and morally appropriate? Does the book have literary merit? Does young adults? Does the book provide deep or minimal reflections on the semester themes of Love and / or Social Comment? Give plenty of detail when addressing these points.


Mention discourses and themes of the novel


Use some of the specialist English vocabulary for discussing literature, and the various readings we can make of texts.

Note:        We are not looking for, perhaps, insincere or unquestioning praise of the book – feel free to be critical of it, if that is how you feel.
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This task is NOT to talk about the novel, it is to analyze it and deconstruct it to show why this novel is suitable for high school students.
The task is to analyse and deconstruct the novel “The soloist” by Mark Salzman. In doing this, you must argue to recommend or not recommend this novel for high school study and explain why. More information on the task is in the attached document. please read the instructions carefully

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