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Sex Trafficking and Apne App personal essay help

Sex Trafficking and Apne App Sex trafficking has been around since the beginning of time. Apne App is a women’s right organization that is bringing to the forefront awareness of sex trafficking and knowledge to help fight it. Their purpose is to help end prostitution and sex slavery primarily in Indian and Southeast Asian countries as well as the rest of the world. Additionally they empower the women to live out their lives free and give them the skills to succeed.

Apne App wants to show these women that they can be free from their former lives and through education programs that teach self-defense and self-esteem. These programs empower and enlighten women leaving a life of prostitution and give them the necessary tools to live a productive, normal life. Apne App’s vision is “Antodaya” : uplift of the last woman, A world in which no girl or woman can be bought or sold, along with their mission of “Ahimsa”(non-violence):To end sex trafficking.

This organization is taking women from a life of prostitution and bring them to Community Centers that provide shelter and classes. They provide self-help groups in areas that are highly prone to sex trafficking which help reduce the amount of women going into prostitution by showing they are human and have worth. Through training and support, Apne App is building these women and girls lives. Education is paramount to their success in academics as well as economics and home management.

The use of grants allow them to continue with their mission of teaching the three “L’s” of learning livelihood and legal protection. They also incorporate teaching art, dance, spoken English and computer literacy. The training centers that are in the Red Light districts directly help the women and children who engage in prostitution to escape from that lifestyle and create a better environment for themselves. There are currently over 150 anti-trafficking Self-help groups where the survivors serve and train the new women and girls who seek their help.

They operate creches, food distribution and community classrooms, as well as building their own leadership programs. They provide organization and strength in numbers to protect women and children from traffickers. They are continually finding innovative ways to work with these survivors. Through their incredible programs these women can find hope and freedom. Sex trafficking is a dehumanizing life for women and children who are caught in it’s web. Awareness needs to increased throughout the world.

Apne App has taken a panel of survivors to the United Nations to talk to them about the increase in sex-trafficking. The “Red Light Despatch” is a publication that is written by girls and women in prostitution to help educate those inside that there is hope and escape from their self-imposed prison. With the persistant efforts from Apne App, awareness to trafficking will help countries make changes in their countries to protect these women from this lifestyle. Worldwide funding of Apne App will allow these programs to continue by generating funding.

They are the catalyst for the campaign that is currently running in India to create a law that will decrease the demand for prostitutes by imposing stronger penalties for those who are caught. Trafficking is found in most countries. The responsibility lies with each of us. We cannot expect the police or authorities to shoulder the sole responsibility of preventing sex-trafficking. Apne App and HumanTrafficking. org are two sites that are making a dent by empowering women to combat sex trafficking. Apne App has started self-help circles throughout India, but also in other countries, for example, Iceland and South Africa.

The founder of Apne App, Ruchira Gupta has recently been added to former President Bill Clinton’s organization called Clinton Global Initiative(CGI). She was chosen for her outstanding activism in India and creating awareness across the world. In an article on rediff. com, Gupta stated that “CGI is currently looking at the displacement of thousands. ” “When I asked President Clinton why I had been chosen, he said because we were a group of people that placed importance on not just the what, but the how and did not accept failure. She also stated, “I was thrilled that he had picked me on the Gandhian quality of my work where the means are as important to me as the end and change begins from the most marginalised –in our case the prostituted girl. ” It also stated within the article that, “With the first twenty-two women whom Gupta started Apne App, she created a sex-trafficking documentary titled ‘The Selling of Innocents,’ which won an Emmy Award in 1997. Gupta said, “Our Apne Aap model of self-help groups goes beyond the concept of savings and loans to social and emotional empowerment where the individual is empowered within and without. She said that winning the Clinton Global Citizen Award last year had been a major boost “because it increased our visibility and helped us so much in our fund-raising, networking opportunities and the ability to engage with new audiences. “” Celebrities and politicians are joining in the fight against sex-trafficking, such as Ashley Judd and Gloria Steinem. With the increase in visibility, it is only a matter of time before more join the cause and provide the visibility and support it needs.

The facts as they are stated by the National Human Rights Commission are as such, “45. 6% of the trafficked victims were below sixteen years of age when first raped. ” Janice G. Raymond of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women International (CATW) says in an article written March 23, 2003, ‘As countries are considering legalizing and decriminalizing the sex industry, we urge you to consider the ways in which legitimating prostitution as work does not empower the women in prostitution but does everything to strengthen the sex industry. We need more celebrity outrage to increase awareness to combat this problem and create funding so that coalitions can fight in the trenches without worry of money. Sex-trafficking has struck even in the heart of the United States. Oklahoma is the hub of the sex-trafficking circuit. Due to its central location, with Interstate highways crossing in Oklahoma City, it makes a perfect hub for sex-trafficking. In 2009, an FBI and Department of Justice task force launched “Innocence Lost Initiative”.

They used over fourty agents to investigate missing and lost children that were believed to be sex-slaves. It’s roots began back in 2003 when a series of murders of prostitutes led them to a network that had over one hundred prostitutes and fourty-five pimps who recruited girls from Oklahoma City. Many could be found working in truck stops in the “party row”, which is the back row of parked semi-tractor/trailers. This network of prostitutes and pimps followed the Interstate routes to Denver, Miami, Houston and Dallas, with Oklahoma City as the hub.

Sex-trafficking has claimed many victims over the years. Organizations that do their best to get the word to many, increasing awareness are on the frontlines of this battle. Innocence is lost and the damage can be permanent. The only way to prevent this continued outbreak is through outreach and education. The lives of these women and girls can be rebuilt through training and support from groups such as Apne App.

Leadership in the Public Safety Environment college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles

Today’s leaders are faced with many obstacles that either makes or breaks them in their roles as leaders. The questions and concerns about how leaders should act, how they should lead and even how much experience they may have as a leaders all seem to be the questions and concerns. The public safety environment as a whole is one of those organisms that is face with continued scrutiny concerning the performance of leaders.

Often times, people look for their local government and law enforcement agencies to be the leaders in deterring and stopping crime, when the tables have turned and majority of the crimes are committed by government and law enforcement officials. For example, in September, 2005, 7 New Orleans police officers, known as the “Danzinger 7” who were tasked with protecting and serving the people of New Orleans during this time major time of crisis, found themselves indicted for killing and wounding innocent citizens trying to seek safety (Hampton, 2007).

This outrage, created such a disruption in the city, until the people did not trust the leaders who were suppose to protect them. This type of behavior is certainly the face of pseudo-transformational leadership. Pseudo-transformational leadership (i. e. , the unethical facet of transformational leadership) is manifested by a particular combination of transformational leadership behaviors (i. e. , low idealized influence and high inspirational motivation), and is differentiated from both transformational leadership (i. e. high idealized influence and high inspirational motivation) and laissez-faire (non)-leadership (i. e. , low idealized influence and low inspirational motivation), (Barling, J, Christie, A. & Turner, N. , 2007). There could no better way to describe this type of behavior, especially when it is put before the eyes of the people. The issue of situation concerning the “Danzinger 7” was a tragedy, but to add insult to the injury was that 7 sworn officers, tried to cover up their wrongdoing and there were actual supervisors on scene that supported their wrongdoing.

This is a clear recipe for disaster within a department that has seen its uproar of scandals and investigations. When an officer takes into his or her own hands the law and put aside what they are sworn to uphold to save themselves, he or she represents the clear meaning of what pseudo-transformational leadership is. However amid of the scandal that have this disgrace the New Orleans Police Department, the efforts to restructure, train and retrain, enforce and reinforce policies is the way of creating a safe, working and trusting department.

On the hand, to every negative for of leadership, there is a positive side. Transforming leadership is to seen to more demanding, but its results are solid. Vinzant & Crothers (1998) points out that transformational leaders focuses effort and makes choices based on goals, values, and ideals that the leader determines the group or organization wants or ought to advance (Meese & Ortmeier, 2004, p 54). This leadership styles presents a clear picture of how any organization or group should be operating. The end results of any leader should be quality, quantity.

When quality work is presented, the public as whole develops a level of respect for those who are serving them. The demand for transforming leadership is constantly changing and evolving as times change. People look for transparency within their their public safety organizations and expect those in leadership to understand what is going and to be able to offer a greater solution to their problems. At the end of the day all anyone wants is fairness and justice. The people expect the leaders to be leaders and take care of them as they are entrusted to do and not become a suspect in the system.

Outline and Evaluate Bowlbys Theory of Attachment college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment (12 marks) Bowlby was an evolutionary Psychologist who believed that attachment is a part of evolutionary behaviour and focus on an animal’s instinctive and innate capabilities, and the functions of their behaviour. They believe this is useful for learning about human instinctive and biological behaviour. Attachment behaviour keeps a young animal or human safe. It is behaviour seen in all species of animal.

Many species of animal form rapid attachments to either mother almost immediately after birth and young babies follow their mothers around as soon as they can physically walk and use their mother as a secure base for exploration. The critical period hypothesis states that if you fail to attach, or suffer from a disruption bond between 1-3years, then you will suffer from long term irreversible cognitive, social and emotional problems. Evidence to support this includes privation studies such as orphanages.

This supports the critical period as the children had no attachment during the critical period and did suffer from long lasting and irreversible consequences. However, some privation studies have shown that even children who suffered privation during the critical period have recovered. This has led some psychologists to recall it the ‘sensitive period’. Social releasers are instincts that babies are born with to attract parent’s attention. These included crying, sucking, clinging, gripping and imitating. These help in attachment because they release/ trigger the parent’s instinct to respond to the biological needs of a baby.

This had been supported by Klaus and Kennel who stated that mothers who had prolonged skin to skin contact with their mothers had a stronger attachment bond. The time had enabled the parents to ‘switch on’ their maternal instincts. However, this has been criticized because maternal instinct can always be there not just when you’ve had a baby so most women’s hormones make them react to social releasers even when it is not their baby. Monotropy Hypothesis states that you attach to one person initially to ensure your survival, and then go on to develop a hierarchy of attachments with other family members.

This has been supported by Tronick et al who found that even in tribes where it was common to be breastfed by other women, the child still had a preference for its mother. However, it has been criticized by Parke et al who said that babies need multiple attachments from birth for different roles. For example the dad is very important for rough play and excitement. The internal working schema is a pocket of information where we store information in our brain. We have a schema for everything. The internal working model is our schema for relationships.

Our schema for relationships is full of information about what we know about relationships. It is heavily influenced by our first relationship with our parents and this is what we have come to expect from a relationship. Evidence for the schema comes from Hazan and Shaver’s ‘Love Quiz’ where they found that you attachment type with your mother reflected your expectations in later ‘love’ partnerships. This has been criticized because our schema for relationships is also influenced by future relationships with other people other than your mother.

Bowlby’s theory explains how and why we attach and has lots of evidence and further research to support him but it’s very difficult to test the claim that we have developed instincts from evolution. He has explored and explained the consequences of what happens if we don’t attack as well as what happens when we do, but this is him only focusing on a mother and child relationship. It also seems to put too much emphasis on instinct and doesn’t explore experiences and how we learn about attachment. However, many Developmental Psychologists have used at least some of his ideas.

Relationship Between Rising Us Unemployment grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Is there a relationship between rising US unemployment and the rise of the Canadian dollar? Canada’s financial stability depends on the health of America’s economy, as international trade accounts for 45% of Canada’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 79% of exports are to the United States. Canadian and American unemployment rates are positively correlated for that reason, as exemplified in early 2009. Canada’s unemployment rate quickly steepened as the United States’ rate gradually increased to about 10% (refer to graph 1 and 2). During this time, Canada’s growing trade surplus became a deficit in only a few months (refer to graph 3).

From this data, one can determine that Canada’s exports decreased rapidly due to rising economic turmoil in the United States. The effects on the dollar seemed to positively correlate. Canada’s dollar decreased in value compared to the US dollar; however, concluding that the reason for this change was due to the U. S. unemployment rate is inaccurate. The ever-changing exchange rate of the dollar is determined by many factors. As of 2011, Canadian and American unemployment rates remain high at approximately 7. 3% and 9%, respectively. In addition, a trade deficit continues to exist in Canada.

Nevertheless, the Canadian dollar is gaining strength over the American dollar, which contrasts with the weakened exchange rate in 2009 when the same conditions existed (refer to graph 4). Therefore, rising U. S. unemployment can have a positive or negative affect on the Canadian dollar. I will examine how the increasing U. S. unemployment rate can potentially strengthen or weaken the loonie. A rise in U. S. unemployment can indicate a relationship with the rise of the Canadian dollar. The increase in U. S. unemployment is a result of America’s 2008 recession. When unemployment increases in America, the U.

S. Federal Reserve needs to decrease interest rates in order to stimulate the economy (as exemplified in graphs 2 and 5). If interest rates are high, consumers will save their money and try to cut back on spending. If interest rates are low, consumers are encouraged to borrow money from the banks and spend it. Although lower interest rates can improve domestic spending, it will discourage foreign investors because the return on their investments decreases. As of September 2011, the US interest rate is close to 0% and Canada’s rate is at 1% as determined by the Bank of Canada.

Low interest rates indicate that the US is in poor financial health. More countries will want to invest in Canada if the US is in a risky financial situation and additionally, provides low returns. The value of the Canadian dollar rises when demand increases. Due to America’s increasing government debt and declining interest rates, Canada’s economy is comparatively more stable. Canada’s credit rating is currently higher than America’s. A credit rating indicates the financial health of a country and how large the risk is for lenders to invest.

Standard and Poor’s, a credit rating agency, currently downgraded America’s rating to AA+ from the highest score of AAA. The downgrade was a result of the U. S. ’s increasing debt from the recession. Canada’s credit rating is still the highest at triple-A because of the country’s stability. Canada is more attractive to invest in, as there are solid returns on the interest rates and low risk for lenders. Increased demand in Canadian assets can result in a higher exchange rate. Investors want to put money into a country where they believe it is a safe haven.

Although Canada can become more appealing to foreign investors, a rise in U. S. unemployment can be a factor in weakening the Canadian dollar. The U. S. dollar decreases in value when unemployment is high because the government receives less tax revenue. If the U. S. dollar falls, Americans have less purchasing power and Canadian commodities become more expensive. As a result, U. S. consumers will be discouraged to spend and/or import from Canada. Additionally, a weaker U. S. dollar will decrease domestic expenditures in Canada because Canadians can purchase more for their dollar in the United States.

If consumer spending and exports decrease, Canada’s economy can decline simultaneously with the American economy. As mentioned above, international trade accounts for 45% of Canada’s GDP. On April 1, 2011, the loonie hit a three-year high after U. S. employment increased and the jobless rate decreased. The dollar increase from a decrease in U. S. unemployment exemplifies America and Canada’s trading partnership and coinciding economies. The strength of the U. S. economy is important for Canada’s trade, economy and exchange rate. Increasing U. S. unemployment can positively or negatively influence the value of the loonie.

Canada’s dollar can increase due to demand from buyers looking to invest in a stable economy with low risk. On the other hand, Canada’s GDP is dependent on U. S. trade. If less Americans are purchasing goods in Canada due to increased unemployment, the Canadian dollar will fall. Therefore, it is inconclusive that unemployment rates solely influence the rise of the Canadian dollar. There are many other factors that influence the exchange rate, such as commodity prices, investor confidence, overvalued currency and inflation rates.

Cultural and Ethnic Identities of These Individuals college essay help service: college essay help service

Rumspringa, defined as “running around” is a time when the Amish youth at the age of 16 decide whether to remain in or leave their community and faith. During this time teens area allowed to enter and lead a life in the “English” world and participate in partying, drinking, illegal drugs and pre-marital sex. During rumpsringa teens are exposed to a myriad of things that they normally would not have been able to in their regular Amish life. This stage of their life highly affects the cultural identity of these young adults.

It causes these kids to either want to go back to home and join the Amish church or run from it as far away as possible. They are exposed to all the things they would usually in their day to day life are told is a sin or the devils way of living. One of the main things you see some if not all is smoking cigarettes, even the girls while they are still dressed in their Amish cloth. “Cultural group membership is acquired though the guidance of primary caretaker and peer association during out formative years” Toomey and Chung p. 3. This time is part of a bigger problem for the Amish sect as it brings about a mind set of total independence on the part of their youth; something many, especially boys, have difficulty handling appropriately at this young age. In addition, it is viewed by some as “a casual look the other way time” on the part of the Amish parents and other adults. It can be acknowledged that some Amish parents do relax their standards some when their offspring turn 16 and some permit exploration to an extent.

However, it is hard to believe any Amish parent would ever tell their 16 year old to go out and experience the “world” as one is led to believe by this documentary. With out the guidance of “primary caretakers”, the Amish parents to guide these youngsters into the right line of cultural identity it starts to cause the lose of cultural identity with the future of the Amish culture as more and more teens start to choose not to go back and get baptized and join the Amish church.

After going to rumspringa many of the teens seem to lose the emotional attachment with the Amish life and affiliation. They seem to enjoy a life of vehicular transportation, electricity, alcohol, and cable TV all of which are not part of the Amish culture. It can be argued that these teens lose cultural identity during this time by looking at the “value content” and “cultural identity Salience”; the reasoning behind many of the teens going though rumpsringa to decide to stay as part of the “English” world for the time being or not to join the Amish church at all.

They also go form being part of a collectivism culture to an individualistic one which they seem to enjoy better. Ethnic identity of these individuals tends to stick with them which ever path they choose to take. Gerald speaks about how even if he does not go back to be part of the Amish church how he will always think about whether he will go to heaven or hell an idea drilled deep in his mind growing up Amish. Faron also still has his Amish Ethnic Identity when he speaks to his parents his accent changes in the way he talks to them.

Though they might have Amish as their Ethnic Identity these individuals acts conflict with that of this particular ethnic norms and behaviours during the time of rumspringa. Looking at the different ways the teens going through rumspringa act it can be concluded that they fall under marginal identity due to their weak ethnic and cultural identity where they are no longer connected with their ethic group of Amish society leaving them in a state of ambiguity and alienation.

Racism in the Media in the United States get essay help: get essay help

In this research paper you will identify a social problem/issue related to contemporary racial and ethnic inequality in the United States and research all that you can about that problem. You will explore in your paper: What is the problem/issue? How is the problem defined from a sociological perspective (meaning, what are the social and cultural causes of the problem)? How do you know it’s a problem? What is the evidence? What racialized/ethnic/underrepresented group(s) is/are impacted?

How are they impacted? How does the problem relate to Beverly Daniel Tatum’s definition of racism, particularly in relation to institutional policies and practices? What institutions are involved? Use the “Four themes of institutional racism” to help you evaluate how institutions perpetuate the problem. Be sure to discuss the historical processes within the relevant institutions that have led up to the contemporary conditions. How are cultural messages relevant to the problem?

How is privilege relevant to the problem? Be sure to integrate sociological concepts from the course and define and cite terms you use. Write in essay form – e. g. , don’t just answer the above questions – arrange your essay such that the above questions are answered, but don’t just list the answers out 1, 2, etc. Minimum references required: Two books and two scholarly journals. Be sure to ask me if you have questions about what “scholarly” means.

You may use additional sources, but it would be best to ask me also about the quality and reliability of the sources. Cite references and include a “References” section at end of paper (not included in page number requirement (see ASA format) Format: 4-6 full pages, double-spaced, 1 inch margins, 10-12 point Times New Roman or Arial font (or something comparable) Your grade (out of 200 points) will be based on how well you: -define and explain the problem from a sociological perspective (and show how group(s) are impacted).

The Mans Yard You Should Not Hit Your Ball my essay help uk: my essay help uk

From the minute I read the title of today’s poem, I knew I was going to enjoy it. I chose this poem because the title reminded me of a very familiar childhood movie, The Sandlot; because of this I thought I could interpret it the best out of all of them. This poem is unique in that the title is actually the first two lines of the poem. Right from the start the title says a lot. The title is very direct in the way it leads into the poem. Readers don’t have to guess what this poem is going to be about.

Also, almost everyone that has lived in some kind of neighborhood can relate to it. Anyone that has had a mean neighbor can in some way share this type of experience. Or maybe it’s just a memory of that one house everyone knew you cannot go around or into; parents are always telling their children to stay away. The image that almost immediately popped into my head was The Sandlot. The next image that came to mind from the poem was when Lux says “and mowed his lawn, his dry quarter-acre, the machine slicing a wisp from each blades tip. The lines use a lot of imagery to create a scene for the reader. The line depicts him mowing the lawn every day. It suggests that he lives a very meticulous or tedious and planned lifestyle. He mows everyday at six o’clock no matter if it’s spring, summer, or fall. This leads me to believe that this man is a man of habit. Lux also says if he could, he would mow the snow. The poem shifts somewhat and depicts him as being somewhat uptight and miserable, living this same kind of boring or depressed lifestyle day after day. The poem then goes on to describe his wife.

Lux claims she is like “shoebox paper”. She is brittle and very easy to break. He states that she is fragile, that she is like a “broken apron. ” The line suggests that in some way he “broke” her or seriously hurt her leading into the next line, “As if into her head he drove a wedge of shale. ” It soon after mentions his daughter, “Years later, his daughter goes to jail. ” This line adds to the overall mood of the poem. The reader can feel some kind of empathy for the character in this poem because of his life and relationships.

Lux then talks about how the pasture between his house and the old man’s house was a “Field of fly balls, the best part of childhood and baseball” where the main character would go to hit, and if one crossed the line into his yard it became what Lux calls ‘coleslaw’. “His mower ate it up, Happy to cut something no matter what the manual said about foreign objects, stones, or sticks. ” The main character gladly ran over and destroyed the baseball with his mower, whenever they would trespass onto his lawn.

Consumer Spending in Asia narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Interestingly the countries which fall under Asia vary in size, environment, historical ties and governance systems. Thus the wealth of these countries differs quite drastically. For example in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP (“the market value of all the goods and services produced by labour and property located in a country” (About. com 2009)), Japan has the largest economy on the continent.

In fact measured in terms of GDP Japan has the second largest economy in the world (Wikipedia 2009). Yet this is a far cry from other Asian countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh, where the annual turnover of some large Multinationals exceeds the national GDP. Unfortunately despite the fact that Asia accounts for roughly 60% of the worlds population (wikipedia 2009), it has been overshadowed (in economic terms) by the shear might and power of the western economies, namely America.

However in a bizarre twist of fate, sparked by the now infamous credit crunch, which has had a devastating effect on the once robust economies of the West, many are now asking the question, can Asians replace Americans as a driver of global growth? (Economist June 2009). These Asian countries or economies are often referred to as the ‘Emerging Markets’. This definition is often widely used and loosely defined. The term ‘Emerging Markets’ was first coined by by Antoine W. Van Agtmael of the IFC (International Finance Corporation) of the World Bank in 1981 (Heakal 2009).

It is used to describe fast growing economies, which have embarked on economic development and reform programs (Heakal 2009). Thus they are considered to be transitional economies, as they are moving from a closed economy to an open economy, whilst importantly building accountability within the system (Heakal 2009). China and India are examples of two prominent ‘Emerging Market’ Countries. Gone are the days these economies were ignored. The growing economic strength of these countries, one could go as far as to say may be seen as a threat to current international business.

China and India use their generating wealth to actively compete with the West (Ashburton, 2006). For example, the take-over of Corus Steel by the Indian company, Tata made it the largest Indian take-over of a foreign company and the world’s fifth largest steel firm (BBC News, 2006). Another example is of the Indian company Taj Hotels positioning itself as a global player as succeeding Four Seasons Hotels in operating as a New York City landmark. As many multinationals face domestic market saturation (Fenwick, 2001) they could undoubtedly benefit from accessing these huge markets.

The purchasing power of China is greater than that of any other country in Asia, and the second largest in the world (Wikipedia 2009). However the economies of these ‘Emerging Market’ countries vary considerably from the west in terms of culture and it has been argued that unlike countries in the West, individuals have a tendency to save rather than spend, thus have large current account surpluses. However the statistics tell a rather different story. ‘In China, India and Indonesia spending has increased by annual rates of more than 5% during the global downturn.

China’s retail sales have soared by 15% over the past year’ (Economist 2009) . These are phenomenal numbers. This includes government spending thus does overstate the numbers, however according to official household surveys, the percentage increase is in fact more in the region of 9%. This is highly impressive in comparison to the downturn in the west. Sales of cars have increased by a staggering 47%, clothes 22% and sales of electronics have increased by 12%. Ironically while car sales were up in Asia, the American taxpayers had to bail out the once massive Ford.

However its not good news across all of Asia, spending has suffered as a result of increased levels of unemployment and lower wages in countries such as Hong Kong, South Korea, and Singapore. In these countries real consumer spending was 4-5%. Yet there are positive signs in countries such as Taiwan, where retail spending rose in May for the third consecutive month, that spending is beginning to increase. The fact remains, relative to American consumer spending, Asian consumer spending has soared (Economist 2009).

However despite the strong growth and purchasing power of China, the fact remains that in dollar terms China’s population spend 1/6th of that in America. This explains in part why the Chinese Government have taken such bold steps to boost consumption. For example they have made it easier to borrow, as well as issuing a number of subsidies for villagers, enabling them to buy vehicles and electronic goods such as TV’s, computers and mobile phones. This is a Government who wants its people to dig deep into their wallets and spend. Furthermore there are sufficient grounds for a positive outlook for the future.

As incomes rise, this will no doubt have a positive effect on future sales. At the moment, only 30% of rural households own a refrigerator (compared with urban households). If the hopes of the governments in Asia are to be met, and consumer spending is to continue to soar, the answer lies in financing. The developed countries have a household debt to GDP ratio of around 100%, this is significantly higher than that of most Asian economies whose household debt is less than 50% of GDP. In particular in China and India, this is even lower at 15%.

Interestingly the one exception to this is South Korea, where households have as much debt relative to their income as Americans. It seems the Chinese Government have plans in progress to tackle this. As in May this year the Chinese Bank, began planning legislation which will allow foreign institutions to set up consumer-finance firms, which will allow loans for consumer-goods purchases. However perhaps the biggest question is whether these governments will allow their exchange rates to rise, to allow the shift of balance between growth from exports to domestic spending.

The rise in exchange rate would increase consumer’s real purchasing power and arguably more importantly give companies a reason to start producing goods for the domestic market. Unfortunately these governments have been reluctant to allow currencies rise too fast. Asian spending is without a doubt an important part of global growth. Surprisingly prior to the financial crisis which has hit the west, Emerging Asia’s consumer spending contributed slightly more (in absolute dollar terms) to the growth in global demand than did America’s (Economist 2009).

For a long time Globalisation and free markets, have been blamed for widening the gap between the rich and the poor. It has been argued markets create the ‘Progressive exclusion of the poor’ (Patnaik 2003 p. 62). Indeed there has been much research which has reached the conclusion capitalisation has been ‘dominated by uneven development, in which divergence is the rule and convergence the exception’ (Weeks 2001 p. 28). Perhaps, and it is a big stretch at the moment, the latest developments indicate a shift to the once overlooked.

However this pessimist cant help but feel, that these Emerging Market economies are far away from truly enjoying the fruits of their labour, and perhaps even much worse, they have only been given a taster, to something which will avail them until their governments wake up to the fact that rather than subsidising western consumers through undervalued currencies, they need to revalue the currencies.

Business Decision Models Assignment college essay help near me: college essay help near me

With this new requirement of shoe stores equally jewelry stores, a number of results will change in our solution. The additional constraint you need to add is that shoe stores equals jewelry stores. The new optimal solution is the following; two shoe stores, two jewelry stores, three department stores, two bookstores and two clothing stores. This total space will equal 9900 square feet and the total profit is $1,390,000. This would decrease the total profit by $20,000 if this additional constraint were added to the problem. c Let J = the number of jewelry stores in the mall, where J is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let S = the number of shoe stores in the mall, where S is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let D = the number of department stores in the mall, where D is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3. Let B = the number of bookstores in the mall, where B is required to be a whole number between 0 and 3. Let C = the number of clothing stores in the mall, where C is required to be a whole number between 1 and 3.

It would be difficult to formulate the profit maximization from this model because the profit for the stores depends on the amount of stores there are. In this model it is difficult to formulate a way to have different profit amounts for different decision variables. If J=1 it would have a different profit than J=2, as it is simply not multiplied by 2, but it is a different amount. J=1 would be 90, but J=2 would be 160. This makes it difficult to formulate the solution using this model. 2a

Let J1 = 1 if one jewelry store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let J2= 1 if two jewelry stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let j3= 1 if three jewelry stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S1= 1 if one shoe store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S2= 1 if two shoe stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let S3= 1 if three shoe stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let D1= 1 if one department store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let D2= 1 if two department stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise

Let D3= 1 if three department stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B0= 1 if zero bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B1= 1 if one bookstore is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B2= 1 if two bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let B3= 1 if three bookstores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C1= 1 if one clothing store is in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C2= 1 if two clothing stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise Let C3= 1 if three clothing stores are in the mall = 0 otherwise

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