Choose one essay question from given list.
1. The essay should be written using a word processor. It should be properly presented and referenced (Harvard Style). The reference list does not count towards your final word count.
2. You need to choose only ONE essay question provided, and the readings provided for each question are clearly labelled below:
3. We need to use at least 5 course readings (at least 3 key readings), and total of 12 sources.
—-Locate course readings below, search the key term, for example, if you write Durkheim, search his name, go to his unit, use the readings provided for that unit.
4. No plagiarism, Turnitin Rate under 5%.
There is a PPT available with short details in the back. Please view the other attached file.
HSE315 Module 2 activitySelect a minority group and create a single-page handout with images and key points on the cultural and ethnic aspects that need to be considered in
providing primary interventions. These interventions are provided to address crises with this population. Provide references from the readings to support your
As noted in Module One, human service professionals need to develop a firm foundation of trauma, including but not limited to how various traumatic events might affect people differently depending on their age, gender, developmental stage, biopsychosocial history, cultural group identity, and societal influences, and the era of the traumatic events. These elements will be examined in greater detail here.
Response to TraumaTrauma is a complex topic. Therefore, it is helpful to break it down into smaller chunks. An important aspect of trauma that human service professionals need to be aware of is that people respond to traumatic events differently. Some people experience a traumatic event and seem to have no lasting symptoms or negative effects, while others experience more difficulty and have complex reactions (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2014a). Moreover, people have differing risk and protective factors. Resiliency factors can include the following:
Ties to the family
Ties to the community
Comfort in cultural beliefs
Spiritual beliefs (SAMHSA, 2014b)
These resiliency factors provide people who are impacted by trauma with connections or ties that help them feel supported.
The Context of TraumaThe context of the traumatic event is also relevant to understanding trauma. Context can include the place, time, and specific traumatic event that occurred. It can also mean the context that the community, family, society, and human service agencies give the traumatic event. If a community or school has appropriate services in place to help those affected by a traumatic event, such as exposure to violence in urban neighborhoods, then the impact of the traumatic event on the individual will be mitigated (Ungar, 2013). If the community does not provide appropriate services, or they are delayed, then the traumatic event will likely have a stronger impact on individuals in that community.
Characteristics of TraumaObjective and subjective characteristics of trauma must be considered. Objective characteristics include the following:
The length of the traumatic event
The number of times that the trauma occurred
The amount of time that the individual had to properly deal with trauma in between the traumatic events
The number of losses as a result of the trauma
The individual’s expectation that the traumatic event would occur
The responsible party or parties for the traumatic event (SAMHSA, 2014b)
Subjective characteristics of trauma include the following:
The meaning given to the trauma
Whether the individual experiences a loss of faith
The cultural meaning ascribed to the traumatic event (SAMHSA, 2014b)
Human service professionals can work with individuals impacted by a traumatic event to assess these objective and subjective characteristics of trauma. This will assist in providing the most effective services to help their clients recover from trauma. Assessment tools such as the Trauma History Questionnaire can be utilized to better understand the objective and subjective trauma characteristics for an individual (SAMHSA, 2014b).
The Meaning of TraumaPeople ascribe different meanings to a traumatic event, even if they experience the same traumatic event. Culture provides a great deal of meaning to a traumatic event (SAMHSA, 2014b; Ungar, 2013). An individual’s values, beliefs, and practices due to their cultural influences include expectations of coping with adversity (Ungar, 2013). Culture informs people how to behave when affected by trauma. For example, Hispanic people are more likely to turn to family; however, people in other cultures may be more likely to turn to formal agencies for assistance. For groups who believe in an afterlife, the sudden death of a loved one may be less traumatic than for those who do not share that belief (SAMHSA, 2014b). Groups with a tribal ancestry, such as Native Americans, “may believe that the traumatic experience serves as a form of retribution” (SAMHSA, 2014b, p. 52). Thus, the meaning that different groups ascribe to a traumatic event will affect how they respond to it, as well as how long the event will have an impact.
Culture, Race and Ethnicity, and ResiliencePeople of different culture groups and of different racial and ethnic populations demonstrate various patterns of resiliency to trauma. Research shows, for example, that African-Americans experience greater rates of violence, such as aggravated assault and robbery, than do Caucasians. Caucasians, however, are more likely to be victims of rape or sexual assault (SAMHSA, 2014b). Research also shows that ethnic minority groups are more likely to demonstrate symptoms that linger when they experience a traumatic event (SAMHSA, 2014b). Diverse ethnic groups also demonstrate some unique resiliency characteristics, including:
Strong family ties and a high value placed on family
Importance of spiritual values
High value placed on friendships
Humor used to mediate traumatic events
Strong influence of history and heritage (SAMHSA, 2014b).
Human service professionals can utilize their understanding of trauma to better assist those who have experienced traumatic events. It is important that human service professionals learn about, and continually educate themselves on, the various cultural and ethnic groups that are utilizing services within their agency. This knowledge will assist them in effectively serving those with a trauma history while also adhering to the code of ethics for human service professionals.
In Module Three, students will learn more about the subtle impacts of trauma as well as overt symptomology. Common experiences and responses to trauma will also be examined. Finally, the immediate and delayed reactions to trauma will be covered, along with formulating a care plan for those who need services for their trauma symptoms.
ReferencesSubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014a). SAMHSA’s concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma-informed approach. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-448. Rockville, MD: Author. Retrieved from http://store.samhsa.gov
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014b). Trauma-informed care in behavioral health services (TIP 57). Rockville, MD: Author. Retrieved from http://store.samhsa.gov
Ungar, M. (2013). Resilience, trauma, context and culture. Trauma Violence Abuse, 14(3), 255–266. Retrieved from http://tva.sagepub.com.ezproxy.snhu.edu/content/14…
Society and TraumaSociology Assignment Help How has society come to understand what trauma is, and is not, and how it impacts the individual?
How much of the impact of trauma is related to the event(s) themselves, and how much to other factors such as the reactions of others?
Social Work QuestionEthical Practice and LegislationClients must be assured that all aspects of their communication with any professional regarding themselves or their family members will be held in the strictest confidence. Clients who cannot trust professionals to treat information as confidential may withhold information that is important to investigation, assessment, and treatment. When professionals disregard the privacy of their clients, the clients are injured in obvious and/or subtle ways. A professional code of ethics provides guidance here. Codes of ethics fulfill three major objectives: to educate professionals about sound ethical conduct, to provide a mechanism for professional accountability, and to be a catalyst for improving practice. In this way, they provide a foundation for professional competency and integrity.
In a 1,050- to 1,400-word (or 3- to 4-page) paper (excluding references and title page), discuss how your professional ethics code fulfills these objectives. As ethical issues are also influenced by legislation, discuss how you believe legislation could likewise contribute to the fulfillment of these objectives. Discuss the most significant ways that you believe legislation and ethical codes can affect your future professional practice. To support your ideas, cite one or more landmark court cases from our readings addressing responsible ethical and legal professional practice, and discuss implications for ethical and responsible practice. This paper should reflect an integration of your knowledge of ethical practice, ethical codes, and legislative influences on professional practice. In addition to the required readings, cite at least two scholarly references.
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