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Sports And The National College Athletic Association A Level English Language Essay Help

¶ … college sports and the National College Athletic Association (NCAA). Specifically, it will discuss NCAA benefits to college players and why these benefits should increase. Student athletes who play college sports receive certain benefits from the NCAA for playing. Most receive at least some scholarship money from their school and/or the NCAA, but the NCAA provides other benefits, as well, such as nutrition programs, life skills programs, and safety programs. However, student athletes should receive additional benefits because of the unusual circumstances of their athletic programs, and because college sports are on the increase, and that means more schools are getting more money to spend on sports, and some of that should go to athletes themselves.


 


Many people think that student athletes receive enough benefits already, but that simply is not the case. For example, many student athletes, especially in some of the less popular sports, like golf and swimming, do not receive books and other expenses as part of their scholarships, and textbook prices have risen tremendously in the past few years. This puts a hardship on these students, and it can lead to fewer students playing sports, even if they receive an athletic scholarship – they cannot afford the additional costs, and so, do not play. The NCAA should guarantee these side costs for athletes, so they can afford to play and attend college.


 


In addition, some people think that many college athletes receive “full-ride” four-year college scholarships, but that is not true. All athletes receive scholarships that are renewable every year, and so, that gives the school the chance to cancel a sports program and the athletes have no alternative, and no more scholarship. The NCAA should guarantee four-year scholarships for players with the proper grade-point averages and academic requirements, and they should ensure that colleges cannot arbitrarily cancel college athletic programs, leaving athletes without scholarship money or a team to play on.


 


In addition, one of the biggest threats to college athletes is the threat of injury. If a student athlete is seriously injured, it could mean the end of their playing career, and it could also mean the end of their professional sports dreams. However, the NCAA does not supply student athletes with insurance, they have to purchase it on their own, and this is wrong. The NCAA gets money from advertisers and it also gives a great deal of money to colleges for their athletic programs. Colleges get income from advertising, as well, and this money should be used to set up insurance funds for athletes. Many athletes cannot afford their own insurance, and if something happens to them, they are out of luck. The school is not, they have more team members. The NCAA is not, they have other athletes they can give scholarships to. The athlete is the one who suffers, and who may not get the best treatment because of income and lack of funds. The NCAA and schools should pool together funds to create insurance programs for athletes, and they should spend more money on this than on some other programs like nutrition and well-being. Health insurance is one of the most important issues facing athletes, and it is not being addressed.


 


In conclusion, the NCAA does not offer enough benefits to its athletes, and some of these benefits could have important implications for athletes. People choose to play sports in college, but that does not mean that they should not be protected from the dangers of college sports. The NCAA and colleges get a lot of money from corporate sponsors like NIKE, REEBOK, and ADIDAS, and their logos show up on college uniforms everywhere. Maybe the NCAA should look for sponsors in the health care industry, like Blue Cross/Blue Shield, so they can help their athletes stay healthy and protect them from catastrophic hospital costs.



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Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Relationships Among Motivational Climate homework essay help: homework essay help

¶ … United States soccer remains a relatively minor sport but, throughout the rest of the world, soccer (football to most of the world) is by far the most popular sport and is played with earnest in every nation (Metzi, 1998). A sport that was formalized in the mid-19th century enjoys a rich history and culminates every four years with the World Cup competition that is sponsored by the world’s governing authority, the Federation of the International Football Association (FIFA). As popular as the World Cup competition is, the true success of the sport is its appeal to the millions of children and young adults who play the sport at the local level.


 


Like any sport, physical conditioning, skill development, and proper practice technique are fundamental in determining how successful any soccer player may become but success in soccer, unlike any other sport, is highly dependent on psychological factors. The strongest, best conditioned, and swiftest soccer player may be able to be quite competent as a player but without the proper psychological attitude and personality such player will be only ordinary. What is required of the exceptional soccer player is rugged determination and a relentless will to win. As a coach, therefore, having the ability to recognize these features in the players you coach and having the ability to develop them is the key to becoming a great coach, teacher and mentor.


 


As any good coach recognizes, every player is unique and there is a variety of personalities on any team. Assessing these personalities is not as easy as watching and evaluating the team members as they interact before, during, or after practice (Stoeber, 2008). A full evaluation of any player’s soccer personality must be done by carefully watching that player as he or she participates in real game situations. Nevertheless, even careful observation may not reveal any particular personality characteristic that is an accurate predictor of a player’s success and ability to perform at the highest levels.


 


There are some psychological studies, however, that indicate a player’s anxiety level, his confidence level, and his personal perception of his ability may provide some insight into predicting the player’s potential success. The biggest problem that many coaches face when coaching young soccer players is the lack of confidence that most such players have in their own ability (Boixados, 2004). This lack of confidence transcends the mere shyness that young children often demonstrate but can grow into a much more serious problem unless an aware coach or parent steps in and works to assist the player with his confidence.


 


Lack of confidence can be a problem that besets not only the individual player but it can also cause problems for the team (Lemyre, 2002). One of the best methods available for a coach to overcome confidence problems with his team is to set goals for the team (Turman, 2003). By setting goals a coach is able to improve the commitment level of his team and, in the process, motivate the team. The setting of goals helps the team stay focused on what needs to be accomplished over the course of the season and stimulates the players to gain confidence in their strengths and develop an awareness of their weaknesses.


 


Goal setting can take all forms and how and what the goals might be depend heavily upon the playing level of the team involved and the expectations of the parents, the players, and perhaps, the organization. Take for example, the difference between setting goals for an elite travel team composed of very competitive and skilled players with a recreational team composed of players just beginning to play the game. For the elite team, winning and maintaining a competitive advantage will be a priority. Both the parents and players will have high expectations as to the performance of the team. Setting goals for such team will focus on team achievement and not on the achievements of individual team members. On the recreational team the focus will likely be much different. The recreational team is comprised of players whose skills are just developing and whose interest in playing the game is only marginally related to winning or losing. Such players are more directed toward enjoying themselves and learning the game. Setting goals for such teams are more related to individual progress and coaches of such teams must bear this in mind when setting goals.


 


Setting goals alone is not enough. The goals that are set must be realistic and they must not place undue pressure on the players. Not putting undue pressure on the players requires that the coach make sure that the goals that are set are not presented as expectations but as true goals.


 


As important as setting goals for the team and the team members may be it is more important that a good coach set goals for himself. Few youth soccer coaches in America possess much experience either playing or coaching the game. They begin their coaching experience as volunteers in their own child’s recreational program learning the game by trial and error, perhaps reading a rudimentary book or two on coaching technique, and moving up through the coaching hierarchy as their own child’s skills improve. Unfortunately, along the way all coaches must fight the urge to lose the altruistic goal of being a teacher of the game and begin to focus their efforts toward winning the game. It is human nature or at least it is human nature in America.


 


To be a successful coach it is essential that one’s goal is something beyond the desire to win. The goal of any good coach, regardless of the skill level of the players, is to teach individual skills and to reinforce the development of these skills to the point that they become instinctive to the player.


 


The goal of developing technical skills is easy when the players are young and most coaches are still learning the game. However, as time passes too many coaches lose sight of this goal and begin spending valuable practice time concentrating on tactical matters and sacrificing time spent on skill development. Winning becomes the goal and the goal of teaching becomes secondary. The reasons why so many coaches lose sight of the goal of teaching are several. First, there is the parent factor. Too many parents fail to recognize that individual development is the most important part of their child’s involvement in the game of soccer. Instead, they place a higher priority on their child’s being part of winning team and place undue pressure on the coach to post wins. Whether their own child’s skills are improving is not their concern, rather, their concern is the scoreboard. Second, Americans are preoccupied with the concept of winning, and often, winning at all costs. The corollary to this preoccupation is that a successful coach is one that wins. Whether said coach is a good teacher is of little concern. Win and a coach retains his job and is viewed as a success. Teaching skills are afforded little or no consideration. Thirdly, too many coaches fail to communicate that their goal is teaching and not winning. As a result, parents and others fail to enter the season with the understanding that teaching will be the goal and the human nature aspect takes over and the only recognizable goal is to win.


 


The goal of all youth soccer coaches should be to teach and not to teach game tactics but to teach technical skills (Fraser-Thomas, 2006). There is plenty of time for teaching tactical skills and, in the larger picture, few of the young boys and girls that come through most recreational soccer programs will ever need to learn the tactics of soccer but learning the basic skills of dribbling, passing, and proper positioning will help all participants progress toward developing into capable players. All the tactics in the world will not help if the basic skills are lacking. In the course of a season, as the pressure to win increases, good coaches must fight the urge to spend time on tactics, scrimmages, and game preparation and continue to work on developing skills. In the long run, the developing of skills will pay bigger dividends.


 


The desire to win is not, in itself, a bad thing but for a coach of young players who have not developed even rudimentary skills it is not the proper goal. Such coaches, even if they win, are just bad coaches. What these coaches need to do is redefine what it means to be successful as a coach. Until such time as teaching becomes the goal of all youth soccer coaches, it will be the players that will suffer. What defines success for the young player must be defined outside the confines of winning or else the American youth soccer program is destined for failure.


 


This refocusing cannot be done through the coaches alone. It requires that everyone involved, parents, coaches, players, and league sponsors and officials all work toward developing a philosophy that establishes development as the goal and that winning and losing is de-emphasized. This refocusing must start at the top and trickle down but the dedication to this refocusing must be strong and it must be made clear to the entire organization. Everyone must be made to realize that some attempt at tactical training will occur but it will be minimal and be age appropriate. The emphasis of the program will be on general and basic technical skill development. Games will be viewed as method of testing the skills that have been practiced during the week and not as a test of relative talents.


 


Engineering a new attitude and the establishment of new goals is not an easy process. It requires dedication and hard work but the end results will be worth the effort. Programs must rid themselves of coaches of who measure their success based on their winning percentage and fill its ranks with men and women who are dedicated to teaching. The goal of all youth soccer programs must be skill development not winning.


 


References


 


Boixados, M. (2004). Relationships Among Motivational Climate, Satisfaction, Perceived Ability, and Fair Play Attitudes in Young Soccer Players. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, 301-317.


 


Fraser-Thomas, J. (2006). Youth Sports: Implementing Findings and Moving Forward with Resarch. Athletic Insight, 12-27.


 


Lemyre, P.-N. (2002). Achievement Goal Orientations, Perceived Ability, and Sportspersonship in Youth Soccer. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 120-136.


 


Metzi, J.D. (1998). Youth Soccer: An Epidemiologic Perspective. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 663-673.


 


Stoeber, J. (2008). Facets of self-oriented and socially presribed perfectionism and feelings of pride, shame, and guilt following success and failure. Personality and individual differences, 1506-1516.


 


Turman, P.D. (2003). Coaches and Cohesion: The Impact of Coaching Techniques on Team Cohesion in the Small Group Sport Setting. Journal of Sport Behavior, 86-104.


 


TBC



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Academic and Personal Experience online essay help: online essay help

¶ … move from a movie! my gymnastics coach told me, his eyes agape. “That was a mean tumbling pass!” I blushed. It had been a long time goal for me to become a police officer so that I would be able to apply my physical strength to a challenging career. While I always loved playing and watching sports like football and baseball, I didn’t see professional athletics in my future. And while I enjoyed and excelled at the sciences in high school enough to make lab work my chosen major, I also didn’t want to delve into hard science as a potential future career. I realized quite a long time ago that working for the police force would enable me to combine my talents and strengths while helping others and contributing something to my community. Furthermore, as a native New Yorker, my desire to be a cop is made all the stronger by the admittedly romantic lure of the NYPD.


 


However, getting a job with the NYPD wasn’t as easy as filling out a fast-food restaurant application. Since graduating from high school I have worked in several different sectors, from retail to assisting an independent contractor in the construction industry. I consider my work experience as enriching as academics, but before I launch full force into a career in law enforcement, however, I need and want to complete my undergraduate education. Therefore, I am applying to Empire State College for self-improvement as well as for career advancement.


 


That compliment I received from my coach in high school echoed through my head last week when I received a call from the NYPD. I would be able to start in January of 2005. I could barely contain my joy when I received the news. With my newfound enthusiasm and with the realization that I am already fulfilling my lifelong career and personal goals, I know that I will succeed academically at Empire State. I intend to take coursework that will directly pertain to my career with the NYPD, classes that will enhance my understanding of law enforcement such as criminal justice and abnormal psychology. Finally, just as my undergraduate education at Empire State will enhance my career, my professional life will undoubtedly help me achieve academic success. Thank you for your consideration.



Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply



Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Defining a Tradition by Defying Tradition ccusa autobiographical essay help: ccusa autobiographical essay help

Super Bowl I – Defining a Tradition by Defying Tradition


 


Super Bowl XXXVII saw the Tampa Bay Buccaneers win their first Super Bowl in the history of their franchise. A franchise that was considered the laughing-stock of the NFL during their tumultuous beginnings where every record they had was a losing one (History, 2003). It’s fitting in a way, considering the rise of the Super Bowl came from similar beginnings that the Buccaneers won with the force that defines a NFL team, beating Oakland Raiders 48-21.


 


After all, the first Super Bowl, played in 1967, found Green Bay giving Kansas City a similar thrashing (35-10) amidst skepticism on how successful the AFL would become. To understand the birth of the Super Bowl, one has to step back in time a bit and rediscover how the AFL came to be.


 


You could compare the birth of the AFL to the birth of the United States of America. In 1959, Lamar Hunt of Dallas announced his intentions to form a second pro-football league (Chronology 1951-60, 2003). His intentions were spurred by disappointing attempts to attain a NFL franchise and though he successfully created the AFL, it was not an easy path. Originally, Hunt had a team in Dallas, but when the NFL created the Cowboys, Hunt was forced to move his team to Kansas City.


 


Through the years preceding Super Bowl I, many teams had joined the AFL, including Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York City and Minneapolis, who, rejoined the NFL a year later. Hunt was also elected Commissioner of the AFL in 1960.


 


The year also saw the AFL sign a five-year television contract with ABC (Chronology, 2003). NFL games had already been televised for almost 20 years, with the first televised NFL game airing on NBC in 1939 (Chronology 1931-40, 2003). Television rights were again awarded to NBC in 1963, allowing the network to air the 1963 AFL Championship Game for $926,000 (Chronology 1961-70, 2003) which led to their signing a $5-million, five-year contract with the television affiliate in 1965. CBS won the contract bid for NFL for $14.1 million. CBS acquired the rights to the championship games for 1964 and 1965 for $1.8 million per game (1961,-1970, 2003).


 


Television played a huge part in entertainment and news coverage in America during the 1960s. From the first ever war-coverage during the Viet Nam War, to the famous first steps on the moon, the television was now in over 90% of American homes with over 96% of them being on for an average of 31 hours or more out of 72 (television timeline, 1996).


 


By 1968, the year of Super Bowl I, America accounted for over 78 million households with televisions (out of a worldwide 200 million) and its popularity was ever increasing. At this point, television shows that are now steady re-runs on Nick at Nite, were entertaining Americans as they lived their ‘American Dream’. Televised football games were highly popular (much like today) and were a ready source of commercial income for broadcast stations and football franchises. Television programs and commercials were defining what Americans should buy, eat and live by. It was a viable force then as it is now.


 


Much like the NFL, who felt it, was their decisions and theirs alone to decide on how football franchises should be defined. Lamar Hunt, felt differently, and following the franchise success of the AFL, he and Tex Schramm (Dallas) sat together through a series of secret meetings in 1966, planning and converging over an event to have the two hard-hitting football leagues meet in a battle that would finally decide who was better equipped to define the sport.


 


Already the two leagues had spent a combined $7 million over draft picks (Chronology 1961-70, 2003) and the NFL had already sold the rights to their 1966 and 1967 championship games to CBS for a whopping $2million per game.


 


You could say, it was inevitable that the creation of the Super Bowl should occur, just by looking at the figures alone. Fans had their favorite teams, and it was clear Americans were choosing their sides by way of their pocket. Now it was up to the NFL and AFL commissioners to give the people what they wanted. On June 8th, 1966, Commissioner Rozelle announced the NFL-AFL merger, where the two leagues would form an expanded league of 24 teams, later to be increased to 26 in 1968, and then 28 in 1970.


 


Most importantly, “all existing franchises would be retained, and no franchises would be transferred outside their metropolitan areas. While maintaining separate schedules through 1969, the leagues agreed to play an annual AFL-NFL World Championship Game beginning in January, 1967, and to hold a combined draft, also beginning in 1967” (Chronology 1961-1970, 2003).


 


On October 21, Congress approved the merger, solidifying, in my opinion, the business behind the pigskin. The merger may have been in the name of football, but at the end of the game, it was the faithful dollar signs that dictated the acceptance of a ‘super bowl’ to the franchise owners in the NFL and AFL.


 


With revenues already reaching record highs and draft expenditures in the millions, it is easy to see how the monetary factor in the NFL progressed up until today, where players receive re-signing contracts in the multi-millions, and new draft-picks attain salaries fit enough to house and cloth poor families in Third World countries.


 


Lombardi’s Green Bay Packers achieved the status of representing the NFL in the first ever championship game (later to be named the “Super Bowl” by Lamar Hunt) while Kansas City earned the same right for the AFL. Television rights to the Super Bowl had already been given to CBS and NBC in a 4-year, $9million contract. One-minute TV commercials sold for $75,000 on the NBC network and $85,000 on CBS (McGee, 1967). The stage was set for some of football’s biggest legends to do what they did best.


 


Super Bowl I was played before 61,946 fans at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and to an estimated 60 million television audience. “For many weeks of the regular professional season, through weeks of playoffs and the uninterrupted ballyhoo, football devotees had awaited the initial confrontation of the two football behemoths, the champions of the youthful American Football League and the long-established National Football League” (McGee, 1967).


 


The opening ceremony was like any befitting a marked occasion in sport with the game’s kick-off highlighted with the release of 8,000 pigeons, and like any sporting event, there were triumphs and glory, coupled with despair and defeat. McGee, who didn’t win the first MVP in Super Bowl history, is still probably the most well-known legend of the league’s first match-up.


 


Legend has it he snuck out the night before, (against Lombardi’s warnings) not expecting to play at the Super Bowl unless Dowler got hurt. Throughout the year, McGee had an unimpressive 4 passes for 91 yards.


 


As it so happens, fate intervened, and McGee had to play for an injured Dowler. Max McGee played impressively for someone who had broken curfew and Lombardi’s $5,000 penalty rule. McGee caught 7 passes and scored 2 touchdowns. Incidentally, quarterback Bart Starr was the league’s first Super Bowl MVP leading the Green Bay Packers to their 35-10 win over Stram’s Kansas City Chiefs.


 


Subsequent Super Bowls would continue the tradition of ‘hoopla’, controversy and memorable moments, as clearly as Tampa Bay showed us what being an NFL franchise all is about. Despite the numbers being stacked against them, they triumphed and proved what it means to be athletes. Just like Super Bowl legends before them: Joe Namath, Doug Atkins, Larry Csonka and Chuck Howley.


 


Today, Super Bowl commandeers the same kind of televised numbers, and contract figures, with the event being shown live and/or taped in over 70 countries around the world. Over 116 million Americans watch it live in North America.


 


Half-time shows have become major productions that condense fireworks and dance routines with some of today’s hottest artists, while television commercials during the Super Bowl have become notorious (and famous) for being the stage for corporate annual ‘releases’, and big-budgeted ‘mini-shows’.


 


Commercial airtime during the 2003 Super Bowl was estimated to cost $2.1million for 30 seconds, with a lot of the commercials averaging an added production cost of at least $2million.


 


During 2003, 83 of these mega-commercials were aired. During Super Bowl I, it is safe to say that costs were not that high for commercials. In Fact, according to an article after the Super Bowl XXXVII, “In 1967, advertisers paid $42,000 for a 30-second spot, and football fans paid between $6 and $12 for tickets. Green Bay, behind quarterback Bart Starr and receiver Max McGee, beat Kansas City 35-10. The Packers collected $15,000 per man and the Chiefs $7,500 — the then-largest single-game shares in the history of team sports (Ads, 2003).


 


The growth of Super Bowl and the NFL has become a monetary game where ticket prices have risen, commercial time has gone beyond an independent movie budget and the fans have remained die-hard and eager to see their favorite team take the Lombardi Trophy, sealing their place in NFL history.


 


Nevertheless, despite the sickening amounts of money spent on the sport, back in 1967, the first Super Bowl was an event innocent of the future. It was football for the sake of the game, inspired by providing the people what they wanted and not relying on an monopoly of the sport and its star players.


 


The game has progressed through the years, and created its own traditions. It is these traditions that are replayed in almost every household in America – in every sports bar, and around every television set. And it was from defying the traditions of the NFL, was Lamar Hunt able to form the AFL and subsequently spark the beginning of the Super Bowl and all the traditions we celebrate before and after kick-off.


 


Television and the Super Bowl have gone hand in their development in creating a niche in Americana and American history. From the delayed Super Bowl XXXVI to record Nielsen Ratings, the Super Bowl continues to play a traditional role in the sporting world and living the American Dream.


 


Bibliography


 


Super Bowl History


 


NFL Online, 2003. http://www.superbowl.com/history


 


NFL History Chronology 1961-1970″


 


NFL History Chronology 1951-1960″


 


NFL History Chronology 1931-1940″


 


NFL History


 


NFL Online, 2003. http://ww2.nfl.com/history/chronology/1961-1970.html


 


http://ww2.nfl.com/history/chronology/1951-1960.html


 


http://ww2.nfl.com/history/chronology/1931-1940.html


 


Super Bowl 1: McGee Leads the Pack


 


The Sporting News, January 15, 1967


 


Online Archive. http://www.sportingnews.com/archives/superbowl/


 


Timeline”


 


Television Timeline


 


Online, 1996.


 


A www.ev-stift-gymn.guetersloh.de/massmedia/timeline


 


Weaver, J. “Super Bowl ads: Funny, but familiar”


 


Super Bowl Sales Pitch


 


Business with CNBC


 


Online Edition, January 27th, 2003.


 


A www.msnbc.com/news/856714.asp?0cv=CB21&cp1=1



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Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Business Systems Analyst Profession essay help writer: essay help writer

Business Systems Analyst Profession


 


As the world of computing to advance, all aspects of Information technology has continued to rapidly change with each efforts aimed at enhancing the functions related to Information Technology and producing better results at the same time (Armbrust et al., 2010). One of the areas of modification with respect thisfield include the practice of system analysis which can now be practically accomplished in a virtual environment. Better decision making in business environments is such an important aspect that the requirement of a business analysis in any organization, worth its salt cannot be undermined (O’loughlin, 2010).To make matters better, such undertakings can be accomplished within remote settings. In the Business System Analysis Profession, tasks can be managed and accomplished effectively in a virtual environment. Additional, there exists specific tools indispensable in facilitating proper functions in such a position virtually. There are also new tools which would make performance in such a position more efficient. Moreover, Business Systems Analysts virtually manage significant aspects of information technology functions for instance, planning, functions and processing just to mention a few. All these features can be accomplished appropriately in a virtual environment considering the computing capabilities in the contemporary world.


 


Effective Business System Analysis in a Virtual Environment


 


Business analysts within the organizations play the role of facilitating the relationship between programmers other Information Technology Practitioners and business persons. As such, the Business System Analysis profession involves ensuring the practicability of business and Information Technology Departments and therefore making the relationships between the two entitiespurposeful. In achieving this, the Business System Analysts explore business models before breaking them into smaller bits, capable of being described as tangible information units (O’loughlin, 2010).With such form of information, the analyst is capable of understanding all the happenings in the business world, in the organization under which he serves, in the entire industry and understanding the relationship between these occurrences among the different entities. The analyst would later combine these information units in the form of visual diagrams and documents for instance UML and IA. This information, arranged in such forms thus becomes easier for programmers to understand and institute in their functions.


 


These functions, the Business Analyst can accomplish either working adjacent to the business entity he/she works under or in a virtual environment. Virtually, the use of cloud computing methods can be effective for the analyst. Considering the varied needs of hardware and software’s associated with Business System Analysis. Such a profession can access the elements in a remote manner with this capability (Mckenna, 2012). Virtual computing will allow the analyst to access software applications and processes which they need in fulfilling the business decision making needs of the organization. Using virtual computing means, business systems analyst professionals are able to gain access to a variety of features by use of wireless or network servers. Virtual computing will offer the analysts with the likes of storage capacities, memory, software, operating systems, back up, system management and monitoring tools and automate troubleshooting and problem solving capabilities among other things.


 


Tools for Performance Enhancement


 


Business System Analysis process, whether virtual or not does not happen in a vacuum as a number of tools are necessary in enabling the professionals undertake and accomplish duties associated with the analysis of business systems. Furthermore, the society is basically dynamic and as such changes occur under very limited duration and on continuous basis. The world of technology constitutes one of the most vulnerable aspects which are reflected on the ever changing needs of the users of technology coupled with the endless innovations that are made. Because of this, the tools available for use by business system analyst, could be is serving them to a considerable degree. However, there still exists a need for enhancing performance of these professionals through the introduction of new tools in the scenario. Such will be of value in ensuring that their performances are even more resolute.


 


Presently, the kinds of tools used by Business System Analysts in Accomplishing the highly technological and involving in virtual environments include, shared drivers, meeting automated software and simulation engine, just to mention but a few. The meeting automation software functions as a mechanism for allowing the professionals set up meetings for other players within the organization or industry. This tool relieves the members involved in the meeting from having the need to share business notes and date from the different organizations or departments prior to attending the meeting. Shared driver, on the other hand, eliminates hindrances to data sharing and modification for all the concerned parties while the simulation engine allows the business to simulate the operations of prospective processes, systems or products (O’loughlin, 2010). These tools are however considered to be considerable task specific and the need for those capable of multitasking has been the concern of the business and information technology practitioners (Ellis, 2009). In the future, tools that can be able to solve these problems include the expansive incorporation of social media like twitter in business system analysis, the introduction of agile, which will be able to facilitate scalability etc.


 


Management of Information Technology Functions


 


Virtual management of Information Technology Processes is known to be one way by which organizations have been able to cut down on the costs of their operations in the society today (Mckenna, 2012). In the business analyst’s role of creating and facilitating communications between the businesses and information technology practitioners and departments within organization, the professionals can be able to frequently oversee the performance of frequently and widely dispersed groups of individuals. From a remote location, a business system analyst can be able to act with the view of getting individuals within an organizationtogether in accomplishing goals and effectively putting to use resources within the organization. Such professionals could put to use this capability in effectively planning, controlling and facilitating functions and processed under his management.


 


Conclusion


 


According to this discussion, business system analyst role in the management of business system and in the creation in the communication capacities between the information technology department and the business department and other entities in the business world is very crucial. This profession can fulfill these capabilities not only in an immediate environment to his workplace but also in a virtual basis. Accomplishing these goals have, in many if not all instances been made possible by the availability of tools like simulation engines, meeting automation mechanism and shared driver capabilities. However room for improvement and introduction of more tools within the provision, basically in enhancing performance is on the offing. Additionally, a business system analyst can, in the same virtual environment, facilitate the management of IT processes within the business environment.


 


References


 


Armbrust, M et al. (2010) A View of Cloud Computing. Communications of the ACM, 53(4)


 


Chou, A.Y & Chou, D, Computing from the Perspectives of System Analysis, Chicago: Illinois State University


 


Ellis, K (2009, November 3) The Future of Business Analyst, Retrieved, http://www.batimes.com/keith-ellis/the-future-of-the-business-analyst.html


 


Business Systems Analysis Explained, Retrieved, http://www.systemsanalyst.com/business-system-analysis-explained/


 


MCkenna, P (2012) How Virtual Computing Works, Retrieved, http://computer.howstuffworks.com/how-virtual-computing-works.htm


 


Millar, L (1999) Analysing Business Systems: Managing Public Sector Records, a Study Program, International Council on archives


 


O’loughlin, E (2010) an Introduction to Business System Analysis: Problem Solving Techniques and Strategies (Changing the world of Work), Ireland: Liffey Publishers



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Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Change Management Introduction history essay help: history essay help

Week 11- Change Management


 Introduction


Current Healthcare progress cannot be achieved without embracing new informatics ideas and solutions within an organization, resulting ton changes. With the changes in a health care setting, it can be challenging to change and implement a redesigned or new workflow. It is possible to worth the commitment of various stakeholders such as informatics nurses, leaders,   professionals and end-user patients. According to Hung et al. (2018), without a proper change management strategy,   the desired workflow changes can face resistance, hesitation or refusal by these stakeholders failing. Therefore the aim of this week 11 is to discuss the integral change management role of nurse informaticists by determining change management strategies for promoting better end-user adoption.



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Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





American Government Response 3 pages custom essay help: custom essay help

American Government Response


 


Summarizing the Readings:


 


In his article “Constitutional Democracy and Bureaucratic Power,” Peter Woll discusses the administrative branch of the government and the various departments who are in control of the funds which keep federal and state governments working. The bureaucracy is a highly influential part of the government and has a degree of control over both the President and Congress with far fewer legal checks to their actions than either of these bodies has to deal with. It has proven difficult to find ways to limit the influence of the bureaucracy when the constitution does not clearly state an opinion on the matter; a serious problem since the constitution is the basis for all legislation in the country. And additional issue has been in trying to determine which branch should deal with administration. Alexander Hamilton believed this was the job of the president and the Executive branch of the government which in turn led to the concept of “presidential supremacy.” On the other hand, Congress also has some control because they are the body who can create or disband departments within the bureaucracy. As it now stands, the organization of the bureaucracy is convoluted and this leads to corruption, malfeasance, and a lack of checks on the various departments.


 


James Q. Wilson’s article “The Rise of the Bureaucratic State,” he asserts that the United States government’s problems with the bureaucracy are a relatively new phenomenon in the nation’s history, not existing in the country’s first century and a half. He argues that there are three reasons by which bureaucracy can expand to the point where they become an issue. These are: growth of an administrative department to the point where they are beyond controlling, putting power over a bureaucracy into the hands of a private person or business so that they are now outside the parameters of public authority, or giving authority to a public group who are not interested in aiding the greater good. Most government agencies expand because of a demand by the citizens for more services but this is not always the case. The military for example has become such a large organization that, according to Wilson, they can exist almost without concern for the three branches of government. Overall, the separation of departments has led to fragmentation and a situation where it is unlikely to be fixed; instead the problem is likely only going to continue getting more and more convoluted.


 


The Executive Branch of the government is tasked with enforcing the laws that are created by the Legislative Branch. The bureaucracy is a portion of this branch which deals with different issues, each tasked with administration of one portion of society, whether it be education, homeland security, etc. Many Americans are distrusting of the bureaucracy and do not trust that it is a good thing, but those involved in the government understand that it is absolutely necessary in a large society because the duly elected politicians cannot perform all the necessary tasks of maintaining the country. In fact, many of the duties that had once been the responsibility of Congress have been transferred to agencies within the Executive Branch. People may not like the bureaucracy because of the viewpoint that this system does not get things done effectively, but the text explains that this is the best possible system given the type of government we have and the many responsibilities of the different agencies.


 


Reaction to the Readings:


 


The Bureaucracy is a very complicated entity and the subject of a great deal of confusion on behalf of the American people. People, on the whole, do not like the bureaucracy. Many American complain that it is the bureaucracy which is negatively impacting the country and making it impossible for politicians to get anything done. To some degree these concerns are valid, but it also oversimplifies the issue. In a representative government, the American people vote for individuals to perform the actions of running the country because it would not be possible for all the people of the country to participate in the governance all the time and still have the ability to perform the other tasks necessary to daily life. Not everyone can have politician as their profession. In this same vein, it is not possible in this large society for elected officials to carry out all the government’s tasks. Some people need to perform the duties related to education and others have to spend their time working on funding, regulating, and organizing the American military. No one can be in two places at once and therefore people have to be assigned to departments on which they can focus and make sure everything that needs to be done is taken care of. Because of this reality, the bureaucracy is a necessary and unavoidable entity in the United States today.


 


However, the amount of power that some of the bureaucratic departments has acquired in the nation is unquestionably something of a problem. The military is one of the groups that people point to when they talk about the bureaucracy and unchecked levels of power. America’s military has a great deal of money given to them every year. They comprise a good sized chunk of the American budget. Unfortunately, they are also such a large entity that their complete workings are unknown to most people including those involved in the governance of the country. Such a great deal of power and the knowledge that actions will largely go unchecked breeds corruption. When there is a large amount of money going around and people performing tasks without any kind of review, it is likely that they will use the opportunity for self-interested reasons rather than doing their duty to the American public.


 


Works Cited:


 


“The Executive Branch.” 204-28.


 


Wilson, James Q. “The Rise of the Bureaucratic State.” The Bureaucracy. 298-302.


 


Woll, Peter. “Constitutional Democracy and Bureaucratic Power.” The Bureaucracy. 302-310.



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





The Changing Role of the Federal Government write essay help: write essay help

Federal Government


 


 


 


The federal government has changed dramatically from its 18th century origins, and the writing of the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the United States. The role of government has grown tremendously, as the concerns of the citizens grew to expect certain labor and health protections from the government. Also, the threats to American democracy and interests in the world have necessitated a greater role of security and military than ever imagined by the founding fathers. The economic power of American business has meant that the federal government has had to enlarge its financial institution safeguards, as well as the role of American currency and the Federal Reserve have changed over time as well.


 


The Great Depression was a financial shock to the United States that nearly destroyed the entire economic system, if not for a few important individuals. The first was an English economist by the name of John Maynard Keynes, who believed that government spending was necessary in a recession for a stable recovery, because if a government spends less during a depression, then the economy will only shrink further. (Blinder, 2008) Second is U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who won four Presidential elections, and shaped American politics during the Great Depression in order to stabilize the country, restore confidence in banks, reduce corruption, and build infrastructure that would be crucial in the new world.


 


World War II was another shock in American history that changed the way the country arranged its government priorities. The war was the largest in American history in terms of expense, and the postwar resolutions implemented in Europe meant that America went even further into debt. This course of action was seen as crucial, however, because it created a period of peace in Europe that has lasted to this day, and linked the world’s economies together in a liberal institution-building period. The United Nations was created after the war, and America had entered the Cold War with the U.S.S.R. At a time when American power was at its greatest. It is in these years that agencies like the Central Intelligence Agency was created, in order to spy on foreign governments that threatened American interests abroad. Also, great organizations like NASA was created to expand American influence in outer space, and to study the mysteries of the universe. (NASA, 2008) The Cold War also increases the U.S. Government’s investment in propaganda against Communism.


 


The September 11th terrorist attacks created a 21st century reorganization of the United States intelligence and military services, which has guided the country for more than a decade. The immediate problem in the lead up to the terror attacks was the inability of U.S. intelligence communities to talk to each other in sharing vital data. The CIA and the FBI in particular had links that could have assisted in an investigation had they been found early enough. The creation of the Department of Homeland Security has been an attempt to resolve these problems of national security, and has thus far worked. The DHS is the latest creation of Washington, and is another agency that the President needs to maintain control over during his time in office.


 


Works Cited


 


Blinder, A. (2008). Keynesian Economics. Retrieved from: http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/KeynesianEconomics.html.


 


NASA. (2008). The Birth of Nasa. Retrieved from: http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/whyweexplore/Why_We_29.html.



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

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The Hoansi Ethnography Research Methods academic essay help: academic essay help

B1: The Hoansi Ethnography Research Methods


Ethnography is the scientific study of people, their culture, habits, norms, religion and other mutual differences. Ethnographic studies give deep insights concerning particular groups of people, their practices and their reasons (De Gonzalez, 2019). The Dobe Ju/’hoansi by Richard B. Lee describes an account of a group of people living in the Kalahari. Those who are people studying venture on a journey to discover many aspects of the community. The group aims at finding out the organization of the people from several angles, such as their region, their relationships, their political system and even the way of handling conflicts. In their quest, they use several ethnographic strategies and methods to access the kind of information they desired from the Ju hoansi group of people. 


The first approach to obtaining the desired information from the group under research was to build a relationship and win their trust. The researchers first had clues about the people to avoid conflict or a form of disrespect to the culture. The researcher first learned a few aspects of the community; from the introduction, the person does the greeting in the local language of the people (Lee, 2013). The approach is useful in developing trust and forming a background for further interaction. The researcher is observant and lays back to see how things are done to avoid offending the local inhabitants. The researcher has to settle among the locals here to study them while they live and go about their duties and lives in their natural environment. The setting is the local village in Kalahari and the time of study happens to be the mid 20th century. The settling among the Kobe people is crucial to help in discovering details that are obvious but important, for instance, what they eat, why, and what informs their generosity.


 



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European Economic Crisis Greek Government global history essay help: global history essay help

European Economic Crisis — Greek Government


 


This paper provides a deep insight into the European economic crisis and the events which eventually lead up to Greece debt crisis. It explains the causes which were responsible for the chaotic and poor financial situation currently prevalent in Europe. It also analyses the current tools used for stabilizing the situation in Greece and the shortcomings in them. It also highlights certain steps and measures which can be taken in improving the current scenario.


 


Occurrence of Greek Debt Crisis


 


Core Causes of Financial Crisis in Greece


 


Extensive Money Borrowing at Low Interest Rates


 


Misrepresentation of Public Records


 


Inappropriate Business Environment


 


Inefficiencies in the Public Sector


 


Greek Domestic Policy Responses to Debt Crisis


 


Austerity Measures


 


Structural Reforms


 


Financial Assistance from Eurozone Member States


 


Financial Assistance from IMF


 


5. Pros and Cons of the Greek Debt Crisis Issue 12


 


Prospective Solutions for Dealing with the Debt Crisis in Greece 14


 


6.1 Growing the Economy out of Debt 14


 


6.2 Monetizing of Debt 15


 


6.3 Restructuring or Defaulting of Debt 15


 


6.4 Detachment from Eurozone 16


 


6.5 Issuance of Eurobonds 16


 


6.6 Fighting off Corruption 16


 


6.7 Establishment of a Credible Tax Audit System 16


 


6.8 Establishment of a Credible National Agency 17


 


6.9 Policy Requirements 17


 


7. Bibliography 20


 


European Financial Crisis — Greek Government


 


The debt crisis engulfing the European Union (EU) is immensely threatening to the economic and political conditions in Europe. The economic and financial crisis has shaken the foundations of European construction, more precisely; it’s most visible and successful symbol — the common currency, Euro. Debt crisis in EU attributes to the inability of some countries in gaining control over the growing debt, which has pressurized the stability and survival of the European currency, Euro (Todorivic and Bogdanovic 2012). The mounting debt and budget deficits of some countries of European Monetary Union caused the reaction of financial markets that punish countries with high debts by increasing prices of their additional borrowing. The inability of adjusting with exchange rates forces pressure in labour market and unemployment which further alleviates pressures with fiscal slippage (Adrain 2012). Minescu (2011) believed that the core reasons behind the current European financial crisis are low risk premiums, strong leveraging, elongated time periods of rapid growth of credit, abundant availability of liquidity and the soaring prices of assets. European banks lent billions to financially struggling nations and are now at the stake of facing huge losses, which could in turn cause the crisis to spread to more stable nations and the United States. All the EU countries thus adopted austerity measures for improving the fiscal strength and competitiveness. EU leaders adopted Euro Plus Act which included the commitment of each country to introduce a balanced budget amendment as a part of their national law. The debt crisis in European Union clarified the fact that an economic model based on the financing of consumption through borrowing would not bore fruit in the future (Todorivic and Bogdanovic 2012).


 


Occurrence of Debt Crisis in Greece


 


The economy of Greece has functioned as a relatively closed economy for decades bearing a characteristic large public sector. Tourism and ship building are the core sources of state revenue, yet the state faced a downfall in the industrial production. The reliability of Greek economic indicators has been questioned by the European Union and its position was quite curious even before the European crisis. Greece got an easy-access to longer-term borrowing due to the under-pricing of default risk. Statistics indicated that the general government revenue as a percentage of GDP has consistently remained lower than government expenditure in Greece (Taylor 2011). Greece was engulfed in the flames of large budget deficit, public debt, current account deficit and the decline in competitiveness. One of the fundamental reasons for the occurrence of crisis in Greece was the large amount of borrowing in international capital market for financing the current account deficit and the budget deficit. The delay in implementation of structural tax reforms and pension systems was also a contributing factor towards Greece’s debt crisis. Poor collection of budget revenues, tax evasion and high government spending were the significant internal factors of the debt crisis. The accumulation of foreign debt mounted up drastically due to the external factors comprising of easy access to external capital markets at a lower rate after joining the EMU, and poor application of EU rules concerning public debt and budget deficits (Todorivic and Bogdanovic 2012). Greece faced the prospect of sovereign debt default due to the downgrading of Greece debt rating and non-zero economic growth. The European Union and the IMF worked out rescue loan plans to assist Greece. The loan bailouts may alleviate short-term liquidity problems, yet Greece is still at the stake of encountering the long-term debt obligations (Abboushi 2012). The following section will now cover a detailed analysis of the causes leading towards the financial crisis in Greece.


 


Core Causes of the Financial Crisis in Greece


 


The worsening economic conditions in Greece made it the victim of a tremendous debt crisis. A number of factors are responsible for the fiscal crisis experienced by Greece since 2008. Some of these factors are endogenous, and are linked with the internal structure of Greek economy. The prolonged macroeconomics imbalances encountered by the Greek economy and the credibility issues of the macroeconomic policies are core contributing factors towards the Greek debt crisis. On the other hand some factors are exogenous and are linked with the financial turmoil encountered by entire Europe (Kouretas, Georgios, and Vlamis 2010). This section closely focusses on the domestic factors leading towards the Greece debt crisis.


 


Extensive Money Borrowing at Low Interest Rates


 


The high growth rate of real GDP during the period of 2001-2008 was the result of growth of personal consumption and public investments financed from public funds and funds from the European Union. The public debt of Greece increased drastically due to the extensive borrowing from international capital markets for financing the Greek’s government deficit (Gibson, Hall and Tavlas 2012). The reliance on external borrowing to cover budget deficit and current balance of the country’s economy led to a situation of high sensitivity of the capital markets (Todorivic and Bogdanovic 2012). The extensive borrowing was aimed at inducing the income of average household in Greece. This borrowing was completely streamlined to higher consumption levels in an effort to raise the standard of living of households. This process was also fuelled by the incoming capital flows from the EU which were accumulated in the form of agricultural subsidies. Moreover, the financing of infrastructure within the broader framework of the convergence and cohesion policies of the EU were also a source of capital inflows (Kouretas, Georgios and Vlamis 2010). The Greek economy lacked a will to maintain fiscal discipline, and possessed a wasteful and inefficient state administration. Immensely expensive pension and welfare system and tax evasion further aggravated the situation of public debt in Greece. Poor collection of tax revenues generated drastically high budget deficits.


 


The industrial structure of Greece and low competitiveness further contributed towards the debt crisis. Low productivity and relatively high earnings played a major role in affecting the declining competitiveness of Greek products abroad, which ultimately affected the decrease in exports and current account deficits.


 


Misrepresentation of Public Records


 


Greece encountered another massive hurdle in covering up its existing debts when it was discovered that the government misrepresented and falsified the data it disclosed about its public finances. This was done by the Greek government to make an attempt to stay within the monetary guidelines of the Eurozone. Abboushi (2012) declares the fact that Greece has had particularly precarious debt dynamics and was the only member state that cheated with its statistics for a long period of time. The statistics indicate that the Greek government revised its deficit for 2008 from 5.0% to 7.7% of GDP and revised the 2009 deficit from 3.7% to 12.5%, which was further more revised to 13.6%. Thus Greece not only reported incorrect data, yet it also committed acts of non-transparency, improper documented bookkeeping, and lacked a sense of responsibility of the statistics agency. The disclosure of these facts and figures spooked the bond markets and the credit rating agencies. These decided in considering that Greece was not trustworthy and not credit worthy. Bond yield spread rapidly like a fire and Greek government credit rating dropped severely. Greece eventually encountered the prospect of not being able to raise new debt to pay off existing debt.


 


Inappropriate Business Environment


 


Another factor inhibiting Greek economic success was the fact that Greece has not been a particularly business-friendly country and seems to hinder entrepreneurship and capital investment. The World Bank surveys countries all over the world by evaluating them in terms of their business environment. The countries are then ranked accordingly. The dimensions evaluated by them comprise of “starting a business,” “employing workers,” “protecting investors,” and “registering property.” The unfriendly business environment scares away foreign entrepreneurship and reduces foreign direct investments, which tend to be a primary source of capital. Recent OECD data show that Greece is among the least recipient of foreign direct investment capital in Europe. The cold attitude of Greece in its business dealings with countries all over the world reduces their chances of receiving foreign aid for paying out the debts (Abboushi 2012).


 


Inefficiencies in the Public Sector


 


The real appreciation of wages in the public sector and the increase of employees in the public sector of Government and municipalities led to a reallocation of capital and labour away from the private sector and especially from export oriented sectors leading to the loss in competitiveness and the increase in the current account deficit (Kouretas, Georgios and Vlamis 2010). The private sector received a setback, as it was immensely dependent on government projects and less on its own efforts for research, development and innovation. High level wage offered to government employees made the average person to search for a job in the public sector where payment is not related to productivity. This eventually deteriorated the competitiveness of Greek economy. Kouretas, Georgios and Vlamis (2010) provide an evidence of the fact that Greece experienced the highest growth increase in public spending and public administration employment which lead to a gigantic public sector during the period of 1999-2005.


 


Not only this, the Greek had low entrepreneurship motives and the entrepreneurs’ encountered difficulties in starting up their business due to bureaucratic obstacles that further inflate corruption.


 


Greek Domestic Policy Responses to Debt Crisis


 


Austerity Measures


 


In order to avoid bankruptcy and bring down the deficit, the European Union and the International Monetary Fund expected the Greece government to take strict measures of austerity. The Adjustment Programme implemented by the European Union aimed at cutting down the expenditures of the Greek Government. Greek Government planned for budget cuts, freezing of wages of public sector, lifting up retirement age, putting higher VAT taxes, cutting down of pension and social service payments. The Greek pension system itself was on the brink of insolvency before the EU’s implementation of the Adjustment Programme. Thus, the Programme removed the incentives for retirement before the statutory age (Taylor 2012). The austerity measures catered two core economic issues being encountered by Greece. One is the cutting down of large government budget deficits and the other being stabilization of the economy in cyclical economic downturn. However, it always remained a matter of question that how long could the Greek government count on public support for the austerity measures in this era of sharp recession.


 


Structural Reforms


 


Greek Prime Minister named Papandreou introduced long-term structural reforms for the Greek economy. These reforms cover the domains of healthcare, pension systems and public administration. His plans aimed at boosting competitiveness by fostering enhanced development in the private sector, supporting research, development and innovation and enhancing employment and economic growth. The measures included calculating pensions on the basis of lifetime contributions as opposed to the last five years of earnings. His efforts aimed at tightening public regulation and increasing accountability in Greek healthcare systems. The reforms target the increase of attracting new foreign investment in Greece by boosting export of goods and services. It intends to increase investment and development in sectors which had strong comparative advantages for trade and investment, like renewable energy sector and transportation networks. However, these structural reforms encountered the substantial challenge of maintaining public and political support for austerity measures and economic development reforms.


 


Financial Assistance from Eurozone Member States


 


France and Germany are willing to render loans of $11.2 billion and $8.4 billion respectively to Greece, if Greece sticks to its austerity plan and layout detailed deficit reduction measures for the upcoming years. The instability in Greek economy can have considerable consequences for the EU. It is expected that might spread across European bond markets and draw in countries like Italy, Spain, Portugal and Ireland as the crisis has contributed to a weakening of the euro’s foreign exchange value. Germany tends to be the most influential state of the Eurozone and possesses the largest economy as well. However, it lies amongst the sceptical member states. Some statistics indicate that majority of the Germans are unwilling to render help to Greece. A major reason for this is the fact that major EU countries are also encountering financial hardships and have failed in modernising their own economies (Nelson, Belkin and Mix 2010).


 


Financial Assistance from IMF


 


In 2010, Greece asked for financial assistance from the IMF. Many viewed the outside intervention by IMF as a potential humiliation for the Eurozone, as the Eurozone failed in demonstrating its credibility and strength in taking care of its own problems. However, gradually all the member states favoured the twin-track approach of combining the assistance and aids of Eurozone states and the IMF. The IMF also stands in catering Greece with technical assistance along with provision of financial assistance. Some economists opined that the level of assistance provided to Greece by IMF would be far much smaller than the broader package of financial assistance catered by the Eurozone member states (Nelson, Belkin and Mix 2010).


 


Pros and Cons of the Greek Debt Crisis Issue


 


The European Union and its member nations, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank played their roles in catering the Greek debt crisis by relying on bailouts and austerity measures. The austerity plans have contributed little on fiscal woes and have only stirred up anti-governmental tension among the Greek population (Vickstrom 2012). On one hand the European officials accepted the Greek plan for resolving the debt crisis through fiscal consolidation process, yet they were unaware of the potential hazards that were encountered on the other side of the picture. The increase in taxes and drastic reduction in government spending paved the way for major declines in economic activity and increased illiquidity in the economy. This led Greece towards unemployment and pushed the country into an era of recession. Due to declining economic activity, the budget revenues won’t be increased by charging of higher taxes. Now the Greek government was attacked by two sides. On one side it has to reduce its deficit via restrictive fiscal policy, while on the other side it had to maintain its economy for sustained growth which can be achieved by expansionary fiscal policy. The instruments of fiscal policy are the only tool on which the Greek government could rely, as Greece is a part of the Eurozone and it is not possible for it to have an independent monetary policy. Moreover, there doesn’t exist any possibility for currency devaluation for solving the current problem of stabilizing the economy (Todorivic and Bogdanovic 2012). Although the Greek state and its citizens have sacrificed a great deal to cope up with the EU/IMF bailout requirements, yet it seems that Greece may be even closer to default than before the intervention of the European Central Bank and the IMF. Greek citizens are now much concerned about the worsening economic conditions. As the Greek citizens watch their pensions diminish and their benefits disappear, they are becoming less supportive of the severe austerity measures being implemented. Austerity measures have been instrumental in identifying areas of wasteful spending and have made the financial institutions in Greece more transparent. As the situation aggravates in Greece, it continues to receive additional funding but with the requirement of implementation of much severe austerity measures for curtailing the excessive government spending. The continuous need of Greece for bailout referendums has increased uncertainty pertaining to Greece’s ability of covering up all its debts.


 


Greece made the decision of remaining a member in the Eurozone and taking assistance from other EU states and the IMF. The decision of remaining a member of the Eurozone and as a result having other states make explicit decisions about national economic conditions is crucial for Greek government. Greece has had the option of financing its own budget deficit and increasing the competitiveness of its exports, if it had quitted the Eurozone and adopted and devalued a new national currency. However, exiting the Eurozone possesses the danger of future borrowing costs to be much higher for Greece (Mitsoupoulos and Pelagidis 2012).


 


Prospective Solutions for Dealing with the Debt Crisis in Greece


 


At present Greek has a negative outlook, possessing a limited number of possible outcomes. Despite the aid and loans from the EU and IMF, Greece is encountering immense difficulties in coping up with its debts. This dilemma requires proper management of the excessive debts. Following are some of the prospective solutions, which can serve instrumental in dealing with Greece debt crisis.


 


Growing the Economy out of Debt


 


The most effective method in resolving the issue of excessive debts would be to grow GDP at a much faster rate than the debt. The reduction in Debt-to-GDP ratio would accompany fewer pains. This however necessitates the need for identifying the sources of economic growth. Due to lack of competitiveness described previously, Greece could count on miraculous trade aversions or internal devaluation for boosting up the exports sectors. Internal devaluation calls for low labour costs, with low working wages, less benefits yet longer working hours. This measure has received fairly reasonable success, as the Greek labour cost declined by 3.4% in 2010 and further more by 4.2% in the year 2011 (Kondeas, Alexander and Karagiannis 2012).


 


Monetizing of Debt


 


Creating inflation results in the reduction of real debt value and facilitates the debtors in paying their debts, putting the domestic consumers at the stake of lowering their living standards. Japan, U.S. And UK coped up with their debts by monetizing the government debt through the Quantitative Easing (QE) schemes (Kondeas, Alexander and Karagiannis 2012). As Greece does not have its own currency, it does not have this option available. Monetizing of debts will certainly reduce the burden on Greek government. Monetization is prohibited strictly by the laws of EU.


 


Restructuring or Defaulting of Debt


 


It is a vivid fact that Greece will not able to pay out all its debts despite the severe austerity measures and reductions in government spending. The current measures being adopted by the Greek government did not serve instrumental in reducing the debts, yet they only delayed the repayment. Greece has the option on defaulting on its debts which will ultimately relieve Greece from the mountain of debt which it cannot afford to pay despite its intense austerity measures. Greece’s economy has already begun to shrink, and the longer the inevitable is prolonged, Greece’s economy would aggravate badly in the future. In fact, Greece defaulting is beginning to look like a better alternative than keeping it barely afloat (Vickstrom 2012). In the wake of a default, Greece will have the opportunity to protect the depositors and banks and guarantee payment of pensions and certificate deposit payments. Vickstrom (2012) believes that in the situation of Greece’s default, the real losers would be foreign banks and credit investors, while Greek national banks would be the potential winners.


 


Detachment from Eurozone


 


Greece also has the option of leaving the Eurozone, and returning back to the drachma as its national currency. This idea possesses good economic potentials for Greece. If Greece decided upon leaving the Eurozone and re-adopting the drachma, it would have the opportunity of devaluating its currency and becoming more competitive economically. This will boost up the exports sector as more nations and companies would be interested in doing business ultimately yielding high amounts of cash towards the Greek nation. An example of this can be seen in the history of Argentina, whose new president’s first action was to de-peg the peso from the dollar, and then devalue peso for eliminating hyperinflation and stabilization of the economy (Vickstrom 2012).


 


Issuance of Eurobonds


 


The ECB can buy or sell issues of new bonds at lower rates in order to cater Greece with an opportunity of borrowing money without large rate spreads. This however, is not a long-term solution, yet Greek economy could benefit from it until it stabilizes well (Michelis 2012).


 


Fighting off Corruption


 


Corruption could be curbed to a great extent by giving stiff penalties to those involved in corruption cases. The penalties could range from high monetary fines to appropriate prison terms. This would serve instrumental in making systems more thorough and transparent.


 


Establishment of a Credible Tax Audit System


 


Automated computerised methods could be used in conducting checks and balances in establishing a credible tax audit system. Tax evaders and tax arrears could easily be identified in such a system. Moreover, the tax auditors need to take a course of ethics in public administration, so they have an ethical standard knowledge while conducting their audits. Moreover, the government should improve quality of public services so that the citizens have a feeling that the taxes they pay worth their sacrifices (Michelis 2012).


 


Establishment of a Credible National Agency


 


In order to compile reliable and valid data about the country’s economy, a spate yet credible national agency needs to be established, which must not be influenced by any political motives. The agency can help market participants and policy makers in making sound decisions by measuring important variables like GDP, employment deficits, debts etc. The agency must also take initiatives in making reliable data available to the international statistical agencies as well for purposes of research, development, innovations etc. (Wignall 2012).


 


Policy Requirements


 


Major structural reforms and policy requirements are essentially required to be taken for solving the Greek debt crisis. Policy must be formulated by understanding the fact that the banking crisis and sovereign debt crisis both need to be solved simultaneously. The principal risk faced by the market is deflation and not inflation. Policies dealing with long-term capabilities are essentially required which focus on new fiscal rules and unit labour cost reduction. Debt haircuts must also be encouraged by the new policies in order to stabilize the economy (Wignall 2012).


 


The deteriorated economic conditions in Europe have engulfed it in the flames of a severe debt crisis, majorly affecting the countries of Greece and Ireland. The economic and financial crisis has actually shaken the foundations of Europe due to the inability of some countries and coping up with their mountain of debts. This has actually put on to stake the survival of the common currency – Euro of the European Union countries. Greece got stuck up with large budget deficits and public debts due to its extensive borrowing in international capital market and the decline of its competitiveness in the export and trade industry. The Greek economy lacked proper implementation of fiscal policy rules and had an inefficient public administration department which aggravated the financial debt crisis encountered by Greece. The misrepresentation of public records by government and the presentation of falsified data pertaining to public finance made Greece fall a victim to low credit rating and thus was not able to raise new debt in order to pay off the existing debts. Public sector inefficiencies with high wages and less productive working made Greece less competitive in the field of trade and the unfriendly business environment further reduced foreign investment and entrepreneurship.


 


In order to cope up with the drastic crisis of mounting debt, the Greek government planned on taking severe austerity measures. These measures implied reduction in Greek government expenditure, budget cuts, freezing of wages of public sector, lifting up retirement age, putting higher VAT taxes, cutting down of pension and social service payments. Greek Prime Minister named Papandreou introduced structural reforms for boosting competitiveness by fostering enhanced development in the private sector, supporting research, development and innovation and enhancing employment and economic growth. The Eurozone member states and IMF also rendered their services by providing Greece with loans to help it cope up with the debt crisis. However, despite these measures Greece is unable to pay-off all of its debts, and some serious and effective measures are required for taking Greece out of the debt crisis. The austerity measures taken by Greek government didn’t serve instrumental in paying off the debts, yet they lead to a situation of political tension and agony among the population of Greece. The austerity measures on one hand focussed on Greek government budget cuts, yet on the other hand, public sector wages were decreased, taxes were raised on, which put the lives of the Greek nation in a severe test of patience and tolerance.


 


A major solution in making Greece pay-off its debts would be to reduce the Debt-to-GDP ratio which would serve instrumental in stabilization of the economy. Another good option for Greece could be to default on its debts and detach from the Eurozone. This will cater Greece in becoming competitive economically by devaluing its own currency. Plans for fighting off corruption, issuance of Eurobonds, establishment of a separate national agency for correct reporting of Greek finances and credible audit systems are some of the major solutions which can be taken easily in stabilizing the Greek economy.


 


Bibliography


 


Abboushi, Sohail. “Analysis and Outlook of the Greek Financial Crisis” Journal of Global


 


Business Management (2011): 1-9. Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://www.jgbm.org/page/9%20Suhail%20Abboushi.pdf


 


Arghyrou, Michael, G. And Tsoukalas, John, D. “The Greek Debt Crisis: Likely Causes,


 


Mechanics and Outcomes” Cardiff Economics Working Papers, 2010 Accessed


 


November 5, 2012, http://business.cardiff.ac.uk/sites/default/files/E2010_3.pdf


 


Gibson, Heather, D., Hall, Stephen, G. And Tavlas, George, S. “The Greek financial crisis:


 


Growing imbalances and sovereign spreads” Journal of International Money and Finance


 


31(2012): 498-516. Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261560611001513


 


Kondeas, Alexander, G. And Karagiannis, Nikolaos. “The Greek financial crisis and a developmental path to recovery: Lessons and options” Real-World Economics Review


 


60(2012): 54-73. Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://www.paecon.net/PAEReview/issue60/KaragiannisKondeas60.pdf


 


Kouretas, Georgios, P. And Vlamis, Prodromos. “The Greek Crisis: Causes and Implications.”


 


Panoeconomicus 4(2010): 391-404, doi: 10.2298/PAN1004391K


 


Michelis, Leo. “The Greek Debt Crisis: Suggested Solutions and Reforms” The Rimini Centre


 


for Economic Analysis, Accessed November 4, 2012,


 


http://www.rcfea.org/RePEc/pdf/pre01_11.pdf


 


Milios, John and Sotiropoulos, Dimitris, P. “Crisis of Greece or crisis of the euro? A view from the European periphery.” Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies 12(2010): 223-


 


240. Accessed November 4, 2012,


 


http://users.ntua.gr/jmilios/Milios_Sotiropoulos_Crisis_Euro.pdf


 


Minescu, Ana. M. “The Debt Crisis — Causes and Implications.” Economic Sciences Series


 


LXIII (2011)- 95-104. Accessed November 4, 2012, http://www.upg-bulletin-


 


se.ro/archive/2011-2/9.%20Minescu.pdf


 


Mitsoupoulos, Michael and Pelagidis, Theodore. Understanding the Crisis in Greece: From


 


Boom to Bust. UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 2012


 


Nelson, Rebecca, I., Belkin, Paul and Mix, Derek, E. “Greece’s Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy


 


Responses, and Implications.” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress


 


(2010), Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/142363.pdf


 


Taylor, Sara F. “Financial Crisis in the European Union: The Cases of Greece and Ireland”


 


Master’s Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (2011). Accessed


 


November 5, 2012, http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-09202011-


 


160932/unrestricted/Taylor_SF_T_2011.pdf


 


Tsakalotos, Euclid. “Greek Economic Crisis” IIPE (2010):1-30 Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://www.iippe.org/wiki/images/c/c6/CONF_GREEKCRISIS_Tsakalotos.pdf


 


Todorivic, Molis and Bogdanovic, Jovan. “The European Union Debt Crisis and the Eurozone’s


 


Survival.” Economics and Organizations 8(2011):165-180 Accessed November 5, 2012,


 


http://facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/eao/eao201102/eao201102-05.pdf


 


Vickstrom, Erik, R. “Implosion in Greece? An Analysis of the Greek Debt Crisis and its Impacts


 


on Europe and World Markets.” Master’s Thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-


 


Champaign, 2012. IDEALS. Accessed November 4, 2012,


 


https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/31203/Vickstrom_Erik.pdf-sequen ce=1


 


Wignall, Adrian B., “Solving the Financial and Sovereign Debt Crisis in Europe.” OECD


 


Journal — Financial Market Trends 2(2011): 1-23 Accessed November 4, 2012,


 


http://www.oecd.org/finance/publicdebtmanagement/49481502.pdf



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Compensation Campaigns against Social Injustices university essay help: university essay help

Compensation Campaigns against Social Injustices


Reparations act as a form of campaign against social injustices. The demand for compensation will bar people from committing actions that demand a considerable fine from them or lead to a loss n their sides. There are many situations that may require compensation to a person who has been subjected to a form of suffering or unfair treatment. The most common situations are for gender-based violence or assaults that directly cause pain to a person. Women and children are often abused physically or sexually; this causes significant harm psychologically, physically, and healthwise. The most common means of solving the issues are compensations that may aid in the treatment or rehabiliation of the victicms to restore their lives to a reasonable state. The implementation of reparations or making the compensation mandatory in such conditions is critical to reducing similar crimes (Manjoo, 2017). Many people would want to evade the consequences of partying with huge sums of money and property to compensate for their actions that they would have avoided.  Compensation that is also done for the wrongs of discrimination helps to build equality. When people who are mistreated due to differences in race or gender are compensated accordingly, it shows the wrong in the act (Laubender, 2019). It creates room for people to visualize the reason for compensation, which means the action was rightfully wrong and should not have even happened in the first place (Torpey & Burkett, 2010). With time, different people living together may see each other as important and equal before the law. Therefore reparations also create room for equality in society.


Some people think that reparations do not work as there are still social injustices despite many others who have been compensated. There are still numerous cases of similar events that demand reparation despite seeing the consequences others have faced (Manjoo, 2017). Nevertheless, this does not mean it was had an impact on reduction. Humans beings are bound to committing mistakes, and the drives that lead to them are very variant in motives and thinking. It is also challenging to peg on something that one has not experienced. The people who have no had to give compensation may not know the impact of doing so until they are faced with the situation. It is still impactful because it prevents the reoccurrence of the same by the same person. People get used o their habits; for instance, a rapist may rape more than once, but then a reparation that causes considerable incurrence may stop one from the practice. There are also high chances of the same person impacting those around them, such as close friends or relatives. Therefore, reparation contributes to future prevention of similar social injustices. 


 


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


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Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

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Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

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When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


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You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


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Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


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You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


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Ways to Combat Addiction in Army history essay help: history essay help

Overmedicating in the Military: A Case Study into How Holistic Care and Preventive Practices Can Address the Problem of Substance Abuse among Overmedicated Troops


 


Abstract


 


This case study examines the problem of overmedication in the military. It discusses why this is a problem, based on the statistics and increasing awareness among various stakeholders. The study itself examines the cases of three soldiers in the military who were interviewed to describe how they were overmedicated and what impact it had on their lives. They also described how they were able to beat their addictions and turn their lives around in a positive direction using some form of positive psychology as an intervention instead of relying on pharmacological interventions. The study concludes with recommendations for what the military can do to address this problem, namely, implementing resiliency training among soldiers to help empower them to overcome their issues instead of attempting to distract them with drugs.


 


Keywords: overmedication military, drugs military ptsd, positive psychology military


 


Introduction


 


All one need do is a simple Google search using the keywords “overmedication military” to see that overmedicating in the military is an issue that needs addressing. The headlines leap from the screen: one from CNN, 2011—“After Decade of War, Concerns About Over-Medicated Military” (Keyes, 2011); one from MilitaryTimes (2013)—“Medicating the Military—Use of Psychiatric Drugs Has Spiked”; another from 2013 and CBSNews—“Veterans Dying from Overmedication” (Axelrod, 2013); from 2014 and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services—“Overmedication: Problems and Solutions: (Director’s Testimony to Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, 4/30/14)” (Briggs, 2014); and finally from Congress itself—S.788, the Veteran Overmedication Prevention Act of 2017 (Billings, 2017), currently sitting in committee in the U.S. Senate. One can go back to 2007, when Veterans for America counselors and investigators charged that the military was overmedicating troops (Mehan & Schneider, 2007)—but no matter where one looks, the stories all appear to be the same: soldiers and veterans are not getting the help they need; instead they are just getting prescription drugs which exacerbate their problems.


 


What sparked our interest in this topic were headlines just like these and stories that have been growing over the years. We have all heard the tales of soldiers and veterans becoming addicted to pain killers or opioids. We have seen the opioid epidemic washing over America and noted how it has coincided with the American military’s presence in the Middle East (Schoomaker & Buckenmaier, 2018; Snow & Wynn, 2018). As Schoomaker & Buckenmaier (2018) point out, “prescription opioid deaths are approaching 20,000 a year; in 2016, combined prescription and illicit drug deaths—many of which can be attributed to gateway use of prescription opioids—topped 64,000” (p. 9). This crisis is well-known in general terms (see Barglow (2013) and Huntley (2014) in the Appendix). What is required is a more detailed, in-depth understanding of it is real, specific terms—in academic terms that allow human faces and experiences to be understood from the standpoint of scholarly rigor.


 


This case study was designed to shed light on a problem that persists in the U.S. military—the problem of overmedicating soldiers as a quick-fix solution to mental health problems that run much deeper. Unfortunately there has been little scholarly attention paid to this issue: it has all been done by investigative journalists, watchdog organizations, independent physicians and counselors, and Congressmen at the federal level. With the Veteran Overmedication Prevention Act in committee in the U.S. Senate, there is a need for scholarly attention on this issue to help frame the discourse in an academic light. This case study aims to provide that perspective by giving an in-depth perspective of the problem of overmedication in the military using the case study design.


 


Literature Review


 


Giordano et al. (2016), Hines et al. (2014), and Kang et al. (2015) show that military soldiers and veterans are suffering in increasing numbers from mental health issues, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and are at risk of suicide as a result of failing to receive adequate care. Studies have shown that holistic approaches to care are most effective in treating the whole person, from mental health to physical dependencies and so on (Newhouse & Spring, 2010).


 


One way to provide holistic care to patients has been shown to be through positive psychology. Sheldon and King (2001) state that positive psychology is “nothing more than the scientific study of ordinary human strengths and virtues” (p. 216). In other words, it is the science how people can live well and be strong. For that reason, positive psychology serves as the core of Master Resiliency Training (MRT) in the U.S. Army. Just as positive psychology focuses on identifying the elements that enable individuals to flourish (Fredrickson, 2001), MRT enables leaders in the Army to demonstrate and teach the skills that soldiers need to overcome obstacles and face challenges with determination, commitment and the ability to succeed. As Casey (2011) puts it, “the Army is leveraging the science of psychology in order to improve our force’s resilience” (p. 1). Positive psychology focuses on what motivates people to succeed. It looks at the sources of inspiration that make individuals want to reach up toward the light and hold onto the good. Positive psychology is the essence of the concept of “chicken soup for the soul”—it is the idea that people need to surround themselves with positive inputs to resist the negative distractions and oppressive feedback that can stymie their potential. It is the approach of basic psychology, in so far as psychology focuses on how to help human beings be happy and at peace (Sheldon & King, 2001).


 


The way to achieve the happiness and peace afforded by positive psychology is through the cultivation of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 2001). And the way to cultivate positive emotions is through the development and cultivation of resources that people can use to ward off anxiety, stress, depression, anger—anything that can come along to hold one back. The resources most commonly utilized to assist in this process are mental toughness, which comes by way of conditioning; commitment to an ideal, which can be fostered through habit and virtue; and mindfulness, which can come by way of meditation (Fredrickson, Cohn, Coffey, Pek & Finkel, 2008). The military can thus help soldiers develop their mental toughness, commit to an ideal, and strengthen their mindfulness by implementing MRT.


 


Through MRT the military can teach the skills and methods needed to train their soldiers in how to be resilient. The life of an ordinary civilian is difficult enough; the life of a soldier is doubly demanding. The soldier is not only responsible for tending to himself and making sure his life is in order; he is also responsible for tending to his unit and making sure he is supporting his brothers in arms at all times. The soldier in the Army is the member of a family that is tasked with defending the homeland at great risk to one’s own personal safety. The soldier is expected to live up to the demands of this task and serve honorably in the capacity that is allotted to him.


 


Leaders in the military, however, are often confronted with the baggage that many soldiers bring with them into the military or that they collect along the way of their service. Leaders have to know how to help soldiers deal effectively with this baggage so that it does not weigh them down mentally and lead them into collapse. Too many soldiers suffer from PTSD because they lacked resilience. The military leaders who have gone through MRT are better equipped to help their soldiers obtain that resilience so that they can in turn deal with whatever issues are impacting them, whether it is depression, anxiety or fear (Reivitch, Seligman & McBride, 2011). MRT provides the framework for developing a successful and positive approach to life.


 


One of the biggest challenges that a leader in the military will face is a unit of soldiers who lack mental and emotional toughness. Grit and determination are some of the fundamental qualities that every soldier must possess. If soldiers do not already possess them coming into the unit, how can they acquire them? The leader has to know the answer to this question—otherwise his soldiers will be like sitting ducks waiting to be picked off by the least disruption to the moods, minds and emotions. The leader has to know how to inspire toughness. MRT teaches that the leader has to know what does not inspire resilience—and that is the first key lesson taught in MRT: misconceptions about resilience are identified and true concepts of resilience are discussed by focusing on six key areas: Self-awareness, Self-regulation, Optimism, Mental agility, Character strengths, and Relationship connections. The first key area is crucial: unless one is aware of one’s own “thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and patterns in each that are counterproductive,” one is going to be blocked at the gate (Reivich et al., 2011, p. 27). Awareness is necessary for the second key—self-regulation, which involves both monitoring and regulation emotions and thoughts but also being willing to express oneself in a healthy way. Third, one has to be able to see the good in things while being realistic about what one is able to actually control, and this is what is meant by optimism. Mental agility is also required, and it refers to the ability to be flexible and follows from one’s ability to be optimistic. One requires the character strength to overcome obstacles and one requires the ability to build relationships and make connections with people by putting himself in another’s shoes (Reivich et al., 2011).


 


Once these key areas are understood, leaders can focus on identifying triggers—events or thoughts that trigger a particular negative reaction. When patterns appear, individuals can begin to see the trend in one’s thoughts or feelings that push one into negative moods or the desire to seek escape in an unhealthy manner. Other areas that leaders can focus on are simple breathing exercises, which can help one to regain composure in a stressful period (Reivich et al., 2011); problem-solving, and developing the ability to show gratitude. Leaders also learn how to recognize counterproductive thoughts by owning them and taking responsibility for them. The errors that people make in trying to stop negative thoughts is that they try to reduce the noise they make by ignoring them—or they might try to justify why they are having them—or they just might simply try to deny they are that at all. A leader knows that reality always has to be dealt with head-on; so if negative thoughts are creeping about, the key to overcoming them is to acknowledge them, own them and assume responsibility for them by addressing them directly. This all helps the soldier to focus on the main idea that drives soldiers in the military, which is known as the Warrior Creed. It is: “I will always place the mission first. I will never accept defeat. I will never quit. I will never leave a fallen comrade” (Reivich et al., 2010, p. 27). This Creed is helpful in giving the soldier a sense of mission, place and self. However, in order to remain committed to it, the soldier has to develop some level of happiness and peace with being where he is. If the soldier is not at peace with where he is, there will be problems with pursuing this Creed. That is where the aspect of positive psychology can come into play. Positive psychology helps to give the soldier a reason for why it is important to be happy and to have love for oneself and for others. The main principles of positive psychology include the following:


 


· Happiness—because when people are happy, they tend to succeed more, and most people have the ability to be happy.


 


· Resilience—because when people are able to bounce back from adversity, they can achieve more and overcome obstacles instead of giving up—and most people have the ability to be resilient.


 


· Religion—because when people have some guidance or teaching that gives them a strong moral framework, they tend to make right decisions more than wrong ones.


 


· Heart—because when people have heart they are able to believe in themselves and in others.


 


These principles have been incorporated into the Army’s MRT training in a variety of ways, so that is something that is important to consider before examining the cases in this case study. By focusing on these principles in their interactions with soldiers, care providers and military leaders can develop a positive culture that re-affirms life’s great purposes, provides soldiers with a ideals that can give them encouragement even in the face of great adversity or personal struggles, and lifts them out of the gloom of depression. Positive psychology shows that individuals who are overly-stressed, depressed or suffering from some trauma, whether sexual abuse or domestic violence, need a light that can help them realize life does not have to be defined by the negatives, the troubles, or the defeats.


 


Hypothesis


 


The main question that led to the development of this hypothesis was why care providers and physicians feel the need to overmedicate soldiers in the military? Why do they turn to pharmaceuticals as a solution when it has been shown that there are so many other possible alternatives to care (Sheldon & King, 2001)? The answer to these questions may have to do with the ease that comes with handing out prescriptions, pain killers and pills: they are quick-fix solutions that do not require much in the way of intervention for care providers—at least initially. They do, however, tend to only serve as band-aids on much deeper problems.


 


Lichtenfeld (2011) pointed out that too many physicians are seeking to treat patients unnecessarily using pharmaceuticals instead of seeking to prevent health issues or find more holistic approaches to care that do not lead to deterioration in the patient’s quality of life.


 


With this perspective in mind, the hypothesis for this study was that holistic care and preventive approaches to preserving mental health, such as Master Resiliency Training (MRT), could benefit soldiers more than reliance upon prescription medications.


 


The research questions that followed the formation of this hypothesis included: 1) How can holistic approaches to care help soldiers in the military overcome their pill-addictions? 2) What is the effect of MRT on helping soldiers in the military combat the problem of overmedication and the stress that comes with it? 3) What is the impact of overmedication on soldiers?


 


Methodology


 


The methodology used in this case study was to interview three soldiers who suffered from substance abuse issues in the U.S. Army following deployment to the Middle East. The soldiers were known in advance by the researchers and their anonymity has been preserved in this study. Their stories serve as the focus of this case study and analysis of their stories helps to provide a deeper understanding of how holistic care and preventive practices can be used to address the problem of overmedication in the military.


 


The soldiers were interviewed using a semi-structured approach, which can help to obtain meaningful information from interviewees in an organic manner without the risk of too much steering from the interviewer (De Massis & Kotlar, 2014). Each participant was interviewed using Skype and the interviews were recorded and then transcribed.


 


Analysis of the interviews was conducted to identify common themes and elements that could explain the impact of overmedication on soldiers as well as the effect of holistic care approaches like MRT. The themes were identified and used as guides in explaining the outcomes that these participants experienced in relation to the interventions that they received, beginning with pharmacological interventions, which led to addiction, and then proceeding to holistic-centered approaches, which led to the soldiers coping with their issues and overcoming their addictions.


 


The interviews lasted no more than two hours per individual and a total of 5.5 hours of interview content was obtained. These interviews covered a wide range of ground, with each of the three participants describing their lives up to the time they joined the military, what issues or events prompted them to seek medical care, what the effects of overmedication were on their bodies and minds, and how they ended up overcoming their problems. The interviewees were also asked to describe what they would recommend for soldiers in the future who were suffering from their same issues, and the soldiers all gave their input on what would increase positive health outcomes and all pointed to the use of positive psychology as an intervention.


 


The participants in this study were emailed with follow-up questions both to clarify points in the transcripts and to obtain verification from the participants regarding what was stated in the interviews as well as to obtain validation for the way in which the responses were interpreted by the researcher. This method of using the sources of information as a means of verifying and validating information is recommended in qualitative studies to ensure trustworthiness and credibility (Golafshani, 2003; Patton, 2002).


 


It has been shown that by conducting semi-structured interviews in a setting that is natural for the participants will enable them to feel comfortable and contribute to a willingness to talk and discuss their situations more freely (Hämäläinen & Rautio, 2015); however, in the case of this study it was more convenient for all—both participants and researcher—to conduct the interviews using Skype. The researcher made sure that the participants were still comfortable with this method and each one assured that this way of interviewing would be the best because it would allow the participant to remain in his home and not have to go anywhere, and it would allow the researcher to record the interview for later transcription purposes. Each of the participants gave his informed consent for the interview to be recorded and used for the purposes of the study with the condition being that anonymity would be preserved.


 


The method of using open-ended questioning via the semi-structured interview process was deemed to be an effective method of obtaining natural and deep responses from the participants in the study, as it allowed for the researchers to pause and think about their stories and talk at length until they felt they had said all they had to say. By using open-ended questions in this manner, the participant is given the opportunity to share ideas that come to him without being directed in too intrusive a manner by the interviewer (Kallio, Pietilä, Johnson & Kangasniemi, 2016). This helps to guarantee that there will be a minimal amount of bias or over-steering on the part of the researcher and that in a study where the aim is to explore, understand and detail the issues and experiences that are being studied, minimal interference from the researcher should be the goal.


 


With these methods used to collect data, the analysis of the data now needs to be described. The data was transcribed and then read and re-read to identify the major themes that emerged in the stories of the three participants. These themes were then explained in the participants’ own words, with the use of eidetic reduction and imaginative variation being implemented to help block out the noise of miscommunications and wordiness to uncover the true meaning of what was being expressed, in accordance with the recommendations of Lin (2013). The interpretation of the content by the researcher was then verified and validated by the participants themselves through email to ensure that the study was credibly attributing meaning to the words of the participants that was in fact there.


 


The results of this method are described in the next section.


 


Results


 


Mike


 


Participant 1, who will be identified as Mike for the purposes of anonymity, told his story after returning to civilian life following a 4-year tour of duty in Iraq. Mike experienced PTSD during his tour of duty and sought medical attention. He was given a bag of pills by his physician without any explanation or description of what was inside. He trusted the doctor and began taking the pills to calm his nerves, sleep at night and function throughout the day. He began to feel terrible without them and realized that he was now dependent on these pills. He did not want to be a drug-addict and never had taken drugs before, but the stress of the situation had done something to him where he felt like he needed to get out of the situation by any means possible.


 


After finishing his tour and getting back into civilian life he experienced withdrawal when he tried to quit his pain-killers. He broke up with his girlfriend and felt alienated from his friends. He was unable to maintain a job because he easily became frustrated with bosses and co-workers and would either be fired for causing fights in the workplace or would quit out of anger.


 


Eventually he sought the advice of a counselor and began engaging in positive psychology, with cognitive behavioral therapy being used as the intervention. Mike set goals for himself that allowed him to recognize whenever a troubling thought or impulse was about to give him trouble: his goals gave him something else to focus on that was positive and that would allow him to redirect his energy to something good instead of something negative. After 6 months of cognitive behavioral therapy he was able to kick his dependency on pain-killers completely. His family and friends noted a marked improvement in his character and mood: his overall disposition was friendlier and more upbeat. After two years, he had no relapses and was holding down a regular job and had even won Employee of the Month twice since working there. He had also entered into a stable relationship with a woman, to whom he was now engaged to be married. The two were considering starting a family and buying a house, which had always been a dream of Mike’s, he said. He attributed his ability to achieve this life dream thanks to the positive psychology and cognitive behavioral therapy that he had received from his counselor upon returning to the States. It saved him from a life of drug-addiction, he said, that he had developed from being overmedicated in the military.


 


One of Mike’s big challenges, he said, was that he kept thinking he was okay for so long. He had the medication and he kept taking it and taking more of it, and he assumed that he was fine so long as he was in control. He eventually realized that he was not in control and he owned up to this. He said that was the first important step he took: he was willing to admit that he needed more help than what drugs could give him. When he went in for counseling he said he felt like this was what he had been looking for and in need of the whole time.


 


Ross


 


Participant 2 will be named Ross for the purposes of anonymity. Ross told his story as a current member of the military—a sergeant major, in fact, in charge of training young soldiers in his unit. Ross described himself as a recovering substance abuser who had become addicted to pills like Xanax while serving in the Middle East. He had been given these pills by the Army physician but beyond that he had never acquired any physical or mental health check-up to assess why he was having suicidal ideation in the first place, as he described them. Ross said he often felt depressed, could not sleep, felt restless during the day, and had a hard time focusing on anything positive. He said that during his tour he would sometimes hope that an IED would kill him so that he would not have to be there anymore.


 


He nonetheless continued to climb the ranks and took over his own unit. It was at this time that he received education in Master Resiliency Training. He said that this 10-week program changed his life completely. He described it as one revelation after another: on each day of the course, Ross, in his own words said: “It was like another piece of my soul was being given some light, was being brought out into the sunshine for the first time. I felt like I was being disinfected and I could feel my spirit just jumping for joy at the end of every class. I never felt like that before. I finally understood what it meant to be happy, to want to live for the good life, to have something to live for. I quit taking those pills that really were just making me miserable anyway—and I have not looked back.” Ross went on to implement the techniques and tools he learned in MRT in his unit and said that he helped numerous soldiers to overcome their own difficulties, including pill-popping and drug addiction which they had developed in the military. Ross says that he remains an example of the power of MRT and why it should be used in place of pills to help soldiers cope with their issues.


 


Jim


 


Participant 3 will be called Jim for the purposes of anonymity. Jim was a soldier in Ross’s unit and suffered from anxiety and depression. He said he began taking medications from the Army physician, often switching them up as there was no real direction from the doctors about what to take. He said they only made him more irritated and he was getting into fights with his fellow soldiers in the unit. He said he was not well-liked and that most of the others felt that he was just drifting along and not contributing to the unit in a meaningful way.


 


Jim said that when Ross came back from his MRT training he saw a new leader—one had undergone “a kind of spiritual transformation,” as Jim puts it. Jim said that he himself used to be spiritual as a civilian but that he had lost that contact with religion upon entering the Army. He said he liked going to church in his youth because he felt it kept him grounded and gave him something to look up to. He missed that in the military, became depressed and anxious all the time and once he started taking drugs he lost all desire to be social and to contribute.


 


However, when his sergeant returned and starting teaching the unit in the ways of positive psychology, Jim began to react in a positive way. It reminded him of his lessons from church in his youth—of being committed to something higher than himself; of living one’s life in order to be good and to have a good life; of seeing the good in others and of not always focusing on the negative. Jim said that he was “inspired” by Ross and that he eventually stopped going to the doctors in the Army for more drugs because he felt that the training he received from Ross actually helped him to cope with his depression and anxiety better than the pills did. Jim began being recognized by his peers for his commitment to the unit and began demonstrating leadership characteristics. He is now being promote upwards in the ranks of the Army and is constantly teaching MRT to others because he believes passionately in it.


 


Analysis


 


The findings of the study by Ledford (2017) show that “resilience mechanisms, such as a large support network, adaptive behaviors, faith and perseverance have allowed [the patient] to cope with life as a survivor of trauma” (p. 105). This study confirms that resilience, support networks and positive psychology, which can include faith-based orientations, are a good way for soldiers to cope with the stresses they face in the military and the problems they require to be addressed. These approaches are much more holistic than the mere use of pharmacological interventions.


 


The need for resilience training showed in the cases of Mike, Ross and Jim. Mike received cognitive behavioral therapy, which helped him to overcome the obstacles he faced without having to rely on drugs. Drugs were only displacing the issue for a short time—they were not giving Mike a way to actively deal with the issue and put it behind him. For Ross, it was a similar story. He had no technique or training in how to deal with his issues so he was just using drugs as a way to numb himself. The problems were not getting solved though until he received actual training in MRT. Then he realized that there actually was a way to address the issues he was having. He did not need drug interventions to solve them but could address them by focusing on the tools given in resiliency training. He could focus on mindfulness and on being committed to the good. He was able to pass these tools on to others and thus benefited Jim who also found the training to be highly useful.


 


The major themes that emerged were these: the soldiers all required some form of stability in terms of having a sense of self-worth that drugs simply did not give them. The holistic approach, however, did remind them of their self-worth by allowing them to see that they had strengths and good qualities that they could use to overcome their individual issues. They stopped feeling powerless as though they had to take drugs to try to feel normal. They started feeling like they were in control.


 


Another area where a major theme appeared was in the idea of believing in something higher than themselves. For Mike, it was believing in family and the idea of attaining a life’s dream. That helped to drive him to success. For Jim, it was believing in God and re-igniting his faith to help increase his sense of resiliency. For Ross, it was believing in the ideals of the military and the Warrior Code.


 


In terms of the hypothesis, these findings confirmed my expectations that what would benefit soldiers would be positive psychology interventions. The soldiers benefited tremendously from cognitive behavioral therapy, as in the case of Mike, and from MRT as in the case of Ross and Jim. The methods used to obtain this understanding were appropriate because they provided in-depth stories of how these interventions were effective in actually helping the individuals to acknowledge their problems and face them instead of just drugging themselves and going through life like a zombie that no one wanted to be around. All three of the participants disliked the people they were when they were on drugs and they all noticed marked improvements in their characters and personalities once they started using positive psychology instead of drugs.


 


One way that leaders learn to address challenging instances soldiers may face is to remind soldiers that it is okay to ask for help. In the Army, there is sometimes a stigma that soldiers feel when it comes to asking for assistance: they fear coming across as incapable. Leaders have to show soldiers that challenging situations occur for everyone and it is better to seek advice, assistance, guidance, or support than to try to face one’s troubles alone. They must demonstrate this idea graciously so that soldiers themselves recognize the beauty and grace in asking for assistance instead of attempting to face their problems as though they were the only ones impacted by them. Because a unit is a team, a family, when one member is troubled, the whole unit is troubled.


 


As Reivich et al. (2011) show, sometimes soldiers simply do not know how to ask for help and it is up to leaders to step forward and summon their individual strengths to help their brother in need. The example of Jim as a soldier who was always frustrated and angry—to the point where no one wanted to be around him—shows how this is so. His presence was bringing a bad spirit to the unit, so one soldier who recognized that within himself he was capable of expressing love and showing wisdom approached the soldier and gave him support and friendliness—and that was Ross. The angry soldier gradually opened up and told the friendly soldier about his domestic situation, how his own issues were troubling him and how he felt depressed and so on. The friendly soldier listened without judging and then used his wisdom to try to share how he could focus on his faith and get back to living the noble life. In short, the leader helped to get the angry soldier back to a point where could show resilience.


 


This story gets to the heart of what it means to demonstrate MRT in action. The key is to recognize that all soldiers are part of the same family, and all are going to have times where they are afflicted by some trouble. Leaders have to be willing to step up and show empathy, because it is only through understanding and appreciation that true bridges can be built and true development of resiliency be obtained. Stress can come in so many different ways, and the military can use positive psychology and the techniques it teaches to give soldiers the guidance and support to cope with their stress. Learning to communicate, how to use body language, how to use develop and use social and emotional intelligence—all of this is part of building resilience among soldiers in a unit. This is what is meant by the holistic approach to care. Soldiers need that holistic approach to cope with their issues. Drugs only numb them. Praise, giving feedback, showing gratitude, offering assistance, being kind—each of these actions demonstrates a heart and mind that is in a positive place, which is where positive psychology wants them to be.


 


These findings show from a case study point of view that the military really should stop overmedicating soldiers and start focusing on providing soldiers with resiliency training and positive psychology. Soldiers need strong support networks and they need to be made aware of their internal strengths that they can use to cope with whatever negative issues are impacting them. They need to feel empowered and that they have the ability to overcome their issues on their own. Drug interventions do not help them to understand themselves, they only add to the problems that plague them. The soldier also has to maintain a sense of realism so that he is never left in the lurch so to speak. He has to be honest with himself about what he is going through. Each one of the soldiers in this study demonstrated honesty and a willingness to open up and be sincere. This is a pre-requisite for getting help. If one is going to overcome a medication addiction problem, one has to first acknowledge the problem—but this concept is taught in MRT and so this training can be very helpful in this respect.


 


It is also important to be honest and real because demoralization tends to set in when a person sets high expectations for himself that realistically cannot be attained. The best approach to developing toughness is to start off with small goals and build confidence. Gradually the goals can become larger and more difficult to attain, but with the confidence of the unit established and morale running high, these bigger challenges will appear as opportunities to prove themselves rather than as insurmountable obstacles that will only cause them to fail and fall back into whatever bad habits they possessed before. Mike showed this when he kept thinking he could solve his problems on his own by medication without actually acknowledging that something more as wrong and that he needed more help.


 


Military leaders can help soldiers identify thinking traps that keep them from reaching their true potential. Thinking traps are something that military leaders learn about in MRT and they occur when individuals jump to conclusions, over-generalize, or engage in other thinking styles that move them away from positive goals back towards their own problems. The leader can show the soldier that by succumbing to thinking traps, the soldier undermines his own strength and resilience as there are emotional, cognitive and behavioral consequences to falling into these traps (Reivich et al., 2011). Leaders themselves have to be careful to avoid these traps because as they learn in MRT it is easy to overestimate the value or strength of an individual soldier based on one action. Sometimes leaders can become beholden of a soldier because the soldier does something right—but this does not mean the soldier is going to successful in everything, so the leader has to be careful not to over-estimate a soldier’s abilities: doing so can lead to failure, discouragement and depression. Thinking traps can be seen in each of the three cases described in this study. Mike, Ross and Jim all engaged in assumptions about their mental health and their various issues—they believed they were in control or that there was simply no point trying to solve anything. They engaged in self-defeating thought processes that kept them going back to the drugs even though they did not like taking the medicine really in the first place.


 


Soldiers also have to be able to identify icebergs, which are deeply held beliefs that can both “contribute to or undermine their effectiveness in the Army, as leaders, and in creating strong relationships” (Reivich et al., 2011, p. 28). It is important to do this so that no stone is left unturned as the soldier engages in strengthening his own ability to lead and also in developing the ability of others to identify their own core values and assess whether they are suitable for whatever situation they are in or not. One particular iceberg that has been shown to be problematic is the belief that asking for help is bad and shows weakness on the part of the soldier. Soldiers have to recognize that asking for help is not a sign of weakness but rather a sign of strength. The three soldiers in this case study all had problems asking for help and were not willing to do it right away. They did not mind asking their doctors for drugs and medication because this was viewed as normal behavior in the military—but by seeking counseling, this was a big step for Mike. Ross and Jim were both fortunate in that training found them—they did not have to seek it out or ask for help. They were lucky in the sense that help just came and got them. For a soldier who is dealing with stress or some trauma, asking for help can be the best way to actually begin to heal and overcome the challenges facing him. Leaders have to really focus on deconstructing the dangerous iceberg that is the fallacy of asking-for-help-shows-weakness. When help is genuinely needed, soldiers have to be willing to ask for it—because that is the only way they will improve. Asking for help, however, requires trust in the process—and that trust will only be there if the soldier knows that the Army and its leaders are going to be there to provide help and support. So the leader, above all, has to show that he cares for his soldiers and wants them all to attain the good life.


 


All three of the participants whole-heartedly recommended that some form of positive psychology be implemented among soldiers seeking treatment. Mike recommended cognitive behavioral therapy instead of drugs. Ross and Jim both recommended MRT. To help soldiers cope with stress, sergeant majors can utilize positive psychology and specifically MRT to develop the mental toughness and resilience of their soldiers. Positive psychology focuses on the principles that help one to attain the good life and stay motivated to succeed. This approach feeds into the promotion of the Warrior Ethos that soldiers need to have to keep from falling into bad mental, emotional and behavioral habits. The leader can help soldiers to deal with trauma, stress, depression, anxiety or any other negative factor by providing an example of the good life, showing that it is possible to attain through discipline and commitment to the ideals represented by the military.


 


Conclusions


 


The case study showed that the hypothesis was proven correct: holistic care and preventive approaches to preserving mental health, such as Master Resiliency Training (MRT), could benefit soldiers more than reliance upon prescription medications. Further work that could be recommended in this area would be to develop a mixed-methods study that combined qualitative data with quantitative data to deliver even more convincing evidence of the direction the military should take to promote mental health.


 


The mixed-methods design would be an improvement on the case study design in that it would allow for a triangulation of sources to be used. This would help to shore up the study even more and provide a variety of data sources to give it even more validity and reliability while simultaneously strengthening its credibility. I would recommend that a mixed-methods approach be taken on this subject next, especially as Congress is looking at the matter of overmedication in the military and could benefit from having more scholarly data to analyze to help it make its decision.


 


The lessons learned in this study include: case study design is a most helpful method of investigating in a deep manner the impact of overmedication on soldiers. Through the use of the interview process, participants were able to explain their lives and how medication in the military negatively impacted them. It helped to put a face and name to the facts that are coming out in the public. Interpreting the themes described above helped to locate the problems underlying these soldiers’ issues. In all, it was a positive design for this topic.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


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MilitaryTimes. (2013). Medicating the military—use of psychiatric drugs has spiked.


 


Retrieved from https://www.militarytimes.com/2013/03/29/medicating-the-military-use-of-psychiatric-drugs-has-spiked-concerns-surface-about-suicide-other-dangers/


 


Newhouse,R. & Spring, B. (2010). Interdisciplinary evidence-based practice: Moving


 


from silos to synergy. Nurs Outlook, 58(6): 309-317.


 


Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand


 


Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.


 


Reivich, K. J., Seligman, M. E., & McBride, S. (2011). Master resilience training in the


 


US Army. American Psychologist, 66(1), 25.


 


Schoomaker, E. B., & Buckenmaier, C. C. (2018). For the Relief of Suffering. Journal of


 


General Internal Medicine, 33(Sup. 1), 9-10.


 


Sheldon, K. M., & King, L. (2001). Why positive psychology is necessary. American


 


Psychologist, 56(3), 216.


 


Snow, R., & Wynn, S. T. (2018). Managing Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occurring


 


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services, 56(6), 36-42.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Acknowledgments


 


First and foremost I would like to thank the soldiers who participated in this case study. Without their involvement this research could not have been conducted and the important findings that emerged from the sharing of their stories would not have had the opportunity to leave an impact on the world. This issue of overmedication is an important one, as many soldiers are suffering from it, and these participants took the time to open up and share their own stories—which is needed in today’s world to shed light on the problem of overmedication in the military. To them go all of our whole-hearted thanks and appreciation.


 


Secondly, I would like to thank my own support network that has given me the opportunity to pursue this research and that has enabled me to continue to keep going in spite of all the obstacles that came with it. I will not name them individually but they know who they are: they have been with me from the beginning and I count them among my closest friends and advisors.


 


Finally, I would like to thank God and my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ without whom nothing is possible. I have relied upon my faith like so many others to remain positive in this life and I am always thankful every day for the faith I have received. There is strength to be had in committing oneself to God and trusting in His mercy and guidance, and that shows in the fact that I have been able to see this study through to completion—never giving up hope that I would do so and never thinking that my Lord would stop giving me the light and grace to carry on.


 


 


 


 


 


Appendix


 


 


 


1. Unmet Need


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


(Huntley, 2014)


 


 


 


2. Growing Rates of PTSD


 


 


 


(Barglow, 2012)



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The NAEYC Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice medical school essay help: medical school essay help

Item 7


Analyze at least three ways the NAEYC Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice: “Planning Curriculum to Achieve Important Goals” and “Assessing Children’s Development and Learning” will inform not only the day-to-day practice in your program but also professional development for your staff. (2–3 paragraphs)


 


Your Response

Enter your response here 


 


 


 






 

0


Not Present




1


Needs Improvement




2


Meets Expectations





Topic 2: Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice



Analyze at least three ways the NAEYC Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice: “Planning Curriculum to Achieve Important Goals” and “Assessing Children’s Development and Learning” will inform your practice, program, and professional development for your staff. 


 


LO2: Analyze how the NAEYC 


Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice: “Planning Curriculum to Achieve Important Goals” and “Assessing Children’s Development and Learning” can inform effective day-to-day practice and staff professional development.



Response is missing.
Response is vague, inaccurate, and/or incomplete.
Response is clear, accurate, and complete.




 



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We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

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We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
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