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Strategic Analysis of the Pharmaceutical Industry university essay help

The pharmaceutical industry is today still one of the most inventive, innovative and lucrative of the so-called »high-tech« industries; however, we may say that the pharmaceutical industry has been adapting itself more and more to strategic market trends and market demands. Further strategic development of the world pharmaceutical industry shows clearly its consolidation, concentration and strong market orientation. The pharmaceutical industry today, with no doubt, unites one of the biggest potentials of all mankind.Development of a brand new drug is estimated to need an investment of more than $1. 2 billion and takes more than 12 years to bring it as a finished, legally registered and approved product to the market place (Pharma Strategy Group, 2005). This is, at the same time, a very complex, comprehensive and highly risky job with no final guarantee that the potential new product might succeed on the market and bring back revenues.

If a pharmaceutical company wants to achieve market success with a brand new product, it needs to invest strongly into marketing and sales activities.Thus, by no surprise, we may conclude that basic research and development (R&D), together with marketing and sales activities are two of the most important operative and even more strategic priorities of the world pharmaceutical industry. Here, the biggest investments of the pharmaceutical industry are put by all means. Having analysed these figures, we have found that the biggest, inventive world pharmaceutical companies invest, on average, approximately 16% of their sales into R&D and even more, about 26% or more into marketing and sales activities (Kesic, 2006).However, these ratios, especially the one of R&D investment, are even higher with the specialists, like biotechnology and pharmacogenomic companies, and much lower with the generic pharmaceutical companies (Kesic, 2006). As mentioned, the world pharmaceutical industry is structurally not unique, as pharmaceutical companies 60 Management, Vol. 14, 2009, 1, pp.

59-76 D. Kesic: Strategic analysis of the world pharmaceutical industry differ according to their basic mission, performance and strategic development.We can define three different groups of the world pharmaceutical companies: pharmaceutical companies which primarily work on basic research, development and marketing and sales of brand new, inventive, original pharmaceutical products (called originators); pharmaceutical companies which primarily work on development and sales of generic products (called generic producers); and pharmaceutical companies which primarily work on basic research and development of biotechnology and pharmacogenomic products and technologies of new delivery systems (called specialists).We need to shortly illustrate the size of the world pharmaceutical market. The world pharmaceutical market has been growing steadily in the last years. In 2005, it posted total sales of $602 billion and a growth rate of 10%. The fastest growing world markets and regions are the markets of China, Central and Eastern Europe (Russia, Poland, Romania) and certain markets of Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, Chile).

Nevertheless, it is estimated that the world pharmaceutical market will grow by an average of 7% CAGR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate) till the year 2010 (Pharma Strategy Group, 2005).

Graduation Speech college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

He would make sure I wouldn’t embarrass myself, help me with my homework and, of course, kept me safe in Virginia, Washington DC and New York. If it weren’t for him, I’m sure that I’d still be on a subway, wondering when to get off. Thanks for all your help, guidance and support Mr. Bretz. During the three years I’ve been in Brighton, I had three science teachers. Needless to say though, Mrs. Ashenburg is the best. She constantly makes science fun and exciting. It’s fun to look forward to her class and wonder what surprises she would give to us.

Thanks Mrs. Ashenburg, you are the best science teacher I’ve ever had. Ms. West, you are one awesome, awesome, awesome math teacher. You make math so easy to learn and understand. It is truly amazing how you make math fun and exciting with your projects. Thanks for making math fun and for your service in the military. When I was in a different school, my dislike for language arts soon became hate, but once Mrs. Flegenheimer stepped into my life, my hate instantly became love. Thanks to Mrs. Flegenheimer, I now love Language Arts.

As you all know, my English is fluent. As some of you know, I speak Mandarin Chinese Fluently. Two languages was already good enough for me, but when I met Senorita Rosa, she was kind enough to give me a chance to teach me a third language: Spanish. A new language is a new door to the planet, a new culture, new religions, more chances to express the mind. Senorita Rosa knew this, and she knew this well because when she taught the language, she didn’t just give us tests and vocabulary lists; she gave us culture, fun projects and even Spanish food.

Thanks for all you’ve done for us Senorita Rosa. Now, I wouldn’t have gone to Brighton if it weren’t for my parents. They sacrificed so much for me; I just can’t describe my gratitude on paper or in words. Thanks to you, I now have a great foundation, the only thing to do is to go into the future into Edmond Woodway’s IB Program, and I’ll see you guys when I continue to grow and explore the world of math, Spanish, Science and Cultures.

Philip of Macedon rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

Once he returned to Macedonia he instantly set out in helping his brother Perdiccas (who at that time was the king of Macedon) to strengthen the Macedonian Army. Philip of Macedon had taken the throne in 359 BC after the death of Philips older brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III after they were killed in trying to free north west Macedonia against the Illyrians. Macedonia was in one of the most difficult times since the country was almost at the edge of collapse and the neighbours of Greece ready to put an end to the country’s existence.

Even though Philip was in this immense danger, he did not give up on his country. He removed threats which were internal and secured safety of his kingdom by firmly establishing himself on the throne. He had persuaded the Thracian king with gifts to kill the first pretender to the throne and he defeated the second pretender who was supported by the Greek power of Athens in a battle. He also had made a treaty with the Athenians to hand over the city, Amphipolis to the Macedonians which was on the coast of the country. Within two decades, Philip of Macedon changed the face of Greece.

The Greeks of the city states considered the Macedonians to be uncivilised, but in 20 years Philip had united and transformed them into the most respectable and feared military machine Greece had ever seen. But the key to his new professional army was a core of engineers which Philip organised to design a build new instruments and machines of war. The Macedonian were going to show and invasion which changed forever how wars were going to be fought and won. In 356 the Philips Macedonian army had attacked and captured the Greek city Potidaea.

While Athens was preparing to send force north, Philip invaded Pydna which was another Greek colony which was on the coast of Macedonia. In 357 the Greek city of Methone which was not far from Pydna, surrendered to the Macedonians and the city was re-founded as a Macedonian city. In 352 BC, Philip had invaded Northern Greece. He defeated Thessaly and all his enemies and by 352 he was in a fixed position and in control of the Northern Greek region. Philip of Macedon had returned to Macedonia once he completed the invasion of Northern Greece. He then began to prepare the remove all of the remaining Greek colonies on Macedonian grounds.

In 348 BC the Macedonians attacked the Chalcidice peninsula and defeated the city of Olynthus. All cities which were take over in the Chalcidice were demolished and the greek citizens were sold as slaves and their land was allocated to the Macedonians. Beside the Greek cities which were invaded and taken over King Philip was Stagerira which was the birthplace of Aritotle who was a Greek Philosopher and the whole Chalcidice peninsula seized by Macedonia Till 348 till 339 Philip pacified Epirus, took over Thrace and Scythia which both became Macedonian land.

Philip had gotten into battle with the Scythians in which he had a stunning victory, killed the Scythian king and Philip took 20, 000 Scythian women and children as slaves. On his way home, the Thracian Triballians had attacked Macedonia and Philip suffered a severe injury and returned home with nothing. As Philip was recovering from his injury the Greeks were creating and uniting a big army. When Philip had recovered, he assembled the largest army Macedonia had ever had and marched into Greece. The Greeks on the other hand had created the biggest army since the Persian invasion to fight off the Macedonian army to prevent invasion.

In central Greece, at Chaeronea is where the Greek and Macedonia army met. Greece had 35, 000 soldiers fighting on foot and 2,000 soldiers serving on horseback while the Macedonians has 30, 000 infantry and just like the Greeks, 2,000 cavalry. Philips army had shown well coordination and superb tactics which lead to the defeat over the Greek army. The Greeks, Athenians, Theband and the Achaeans had suffered the greatest loss. Ancient Greek historians consider this the battle of Chaeronea as an end to Greek independence and history. Greece had not regained their freedom until the early 19th century.

All Greek cities had to obey Philip as he was their King and the commander. They were obligated to follow his orders. While at the celebration of of his daughter’s wedding (Cleopatra) Philip was struck with a dagger and killed on the spot. Philip of Macedon was was on the greatest conquerers the world has seen. He had taken over Greece and conquered surrounding cities. His significance to the history of ancient Greece is his invasion in 339 BC of the Greek and Greek land, he had destroyed their independence and they did Greece did not regain itself until the early 19th century.

Business Research Problem narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Business research problem Specifications : 1 Page , 1 Source , APA Style : language Business Research Problem /Opportunity Analysis Prepare a 300-700-word examining a business problem /opportunity confronting your organization that you feel could be addressed through the application of business research principles by performing the following ? Create a problem /opportunity statement ? Develop constructs of the problem /opportunity ? Develop an operational definition from constructs ?

Identify the unit of measure within each of the constructs ? Outline the business research process for addressing or finding a solution to your selected problem /opportunity by using the Management Research Question Hierarchy (Refer to Chapter Three of the e-text , Business Research Methods . One of the main tasks a manager would have to perform is solving the problems the organization may develop during the performance of the work . The manager should ensure that the problem solving technique utilized is scientific and follows logic .

Problem solving styles may be of two types , systematic and intuitive . The systematic style is one that is rational , logical and involves step-by-step processes . Intuitive style does involve developing temporary solutions to long-term problems . One of the main problems faced in the organization is that the human resources do not have adequate skills and knowledge to perform the work . This has affected the workflow in the organization . The staff members are not aware of the means of performing the tasks .

The quality has dropped , and the work is being completed after excessively longtime . Due to this problem , the organization is unable to meet its objectives and goals . The supervisors have to review the work and take a longer time to ensure that the work is correctly done . When the staff had joined , they were trained on how to perform the tasks correctly . However , due to the required higher standards in the work quality , the staff members are unable to meet these standards . There may be several methods by which the organization can solve this problem .

One method would be to have more supervisors who can correct the work and ensure that it meets with the standards required . Another method would be to have a regular training program for the staff members , so that their skills and knowledge could be updated from time to time . However , the most appropriate option (s ) I would suggest would be a combination of both . The organization would have to double the number of human resources who would be performing supervision . This would ensure that that staff members could perform the tasks according to the standards required .

The supervisors can in fact check the quality and make corrections required . The other measure the organization would have to take is to have regular training programs for staff members . These training programs , workshops and simulation sessions should be organized on a weekly or a fortnightly basis , so that the staff can be frequently updated on the required skills . Having extra supervisors would mean that the resources required for performing the work should be increased . This includes human resources , financial resources…

Obama and Mlk argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

In addition, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” written by Martin Luther King’s Jr. was a letter that appeared in the Birmingham newspaper. King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for equality. King and Obama are demanding and striving to defend the desperate needs of equality and unity in our world. It is as simple as listening and respecting one another in order to have equality and unity in our world.

In Obama’s speech he mentioned, “… we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together—unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction—towards a better future for our children and our grandchildren” (Obama 304).

In other words, Obama is stating that no man is an island and people should come to realize that in order to survive in this world we all need other peoples help. In addition, the hope of a more perfect union is close to reality if people would learn to stand up for what they believe in. Another way to have more equality and unity in this world is having confidence to stick up what they believe in.

In King’s letter he mentioned, “One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence” (King 278).

King is insisting that people must fight for what they believe in and truly depict the struggle to achieve equal human rights. King also mentioned that, “We know through painful experiences that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must be demanded by the oppressed” (King 292). Basically, King is saying that the difficult challenges in our all brought within us and that people creates their own future. Although both Obama’s and King’s used very powerful and intellectual words to encourage people that the world can be a better place.

I believe that Obama’s words are more convincing. Although King’s letter was excellent and mesmerizing with the use of different metaphors, similes, symbolic devices, quotations, religious beliefs, and philosophical views that were clear and greatly supported his intentions of creating a land of equality. I strongly believe that Obama’s speech was a lot more powerful, searing, loyal, and a deeply Christian speech is the most honest speech and I can pretty much say that it was a speech that a lot of people have been waiting for.

Just like millions of other Americans, I was overwhelmed and surprised by the strong awaking of Obama’s speech. There was a sense of increasing possibility, which an African American man had a good chance of becoming a president it was speaking about race and racism on national television for half an hour. Such a powerful and thoughtful speech on any topic far exceeds what we have come to recognize of American politics, to hold into the world an issue so fragile and hardly ever approached with honesty is remarkable.

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