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The Columbian Exchange And The Colonization Of America: A Transformative Global Encounter


Colombian Exchange and colonization of Americas were two is constrained historical events that formed the course of world history. Appearing after Khrystofor Columbus’ the first trip to Americas in 1492, it is an important collision between the Old World and New World small far-reaching values both on places, and internationally. This essay investigates the deep action of Colombian Exchange and colonizations in the world, concentrated on their effects on agriculture, economy, culture, and society.

Agricultural Revolution and Nourishing Exchange

Colombian Exchange initiated widespread agricultural revolution, facilitating the transmission of harvests between continents. New World staples as for example corn, potato, and tomatoes became substantial dietary components in Europe, assisting the increase of population and increased food variety (Crosby, 1972). At the same time, Old World harvests as for example wheat, rice, and sugar-cane Americas were presented, converting agricultural practices and conduces to establishment of large plantations (Crosby, 2003). This exchange of harvests enriched the global nourishing systems facilitated nourishing defects, and laid the foundation for modern rural.

Economic Transformation and Trade

Colonization of Americas notified the era of economic transformation and global trade. The inflow of precious metals like gold and silver from Americas to Europe tucked in a fuel the economy growing and played a central role development of capitalism (Acemoglu & Robinson, 2012). Additionally, establishment of colonies in the New World rich European states with access to the rich resources, creating the mercantilist system that enriched colonialists (Pomeranz,2000). Transatlantic trade also presented products like a tobacco, cacao, and coffee to the Old World, very influencing on the standards of consumption.

Cultural Exchange and Melting

Colombian Exchange facilitated a wonderful cultural exchange between Europe, Africa, and Americas. This exchange resulted in distribution of languages, religious faith, an art forms, and social custom through continents (Crosby, 2003). Except that, it sparkled to плавку of various culinary traditions, conduces to creation of new kitchens, connection of alpha of the Old and New World ingredients (Mintz, 1985). The common use of knowledge and ideas converted worldviews and encouraged sense of interconnectedness, putting foundation for globalization.

Social Moving of Impact and Demographic

Colonization of America resulted in the substantial demographic moving and social transformations. Force migration of millions of Africans to Americas, as slaves not only left the patient inheritance of suffering but also influenced on demographic composition of different regions (Eltis, 2008). Executing of every tenth native populations from the illnesses brought by Europeans, resulted in large demographic changes in Americas (Mann, 2005). This process assisted appearance of new societies, alpha, connecting elements of European, African, and native cultures (Taylor, 2020).


Colombian Exchange and colonization of America were central events that converted the world fundamentally. The exchange of agricultural commodities, establishment of trade networks, melting of cultures, and the demographic moving left, the indelible marked on global history. Although the actions of these events were not homogeneously sure and often carried strict consequences for native populations, they formed the trajectory of human civilization indisputably. Understanding of multifaceted actions of Colombian Exchange and colonization allows to us to understand tangled interconnectedness of our world and him difficult historical.


  1. Crosby, A. W. (1972). The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
  2. Crosby, A. W. (2003). Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. New York, NY: Crown Publishers.
  4. Pomeranz, K. (2000). The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  5. Cipolla, C. M. (1970). Guns, Sails, and Empires: Technological Innovation and the Early Phases of European Expansion, 1400-1700. New York, NY: Pantheon Boo

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