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The Media Rating System versus Its Impact to the Society


 


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The Media Rating System versus Its Impact to the Society


Introduction


This paper is about the differences in Korean and American film rating system. The hypothesis about what has shaped the Korean Film industry’s ratings to be much higher and stricter compared to that of Americans’. The aspects that lead to this change such as Korea’s history, culture, and mindsets among others have its effects on the children (Cesarone, 1994). This paper will keenly look at ratings between various countries and how these ratings say a lot about the country.  For example, there are movies that are rated pg-13 in the States but restricted for viewers under 18 in Korea.


Methodology


This paper will use the resources from the internet such as wikipedia.org to clearly explain even with graphs the rating system using an example of currently rating system and there after offer discussion on its relevance and effects to the community, a  comparison of currently active film rating systems, showing age on the horizontal axis.


Review


A motion picture rating system is selected to categorize films with respect to appropriateness for audiences in terms of issues such as sex, violence, substance abuse, profanity, impudence or other types of mature content. A specific issued rating is called a certification. This is intended to help parents choose whether a movie is appropriate for their children. Yet, the efficiency of these suspenders is extensively disputed (Child Development Institute, 2003). Also, in some authorities a rating may impose on movie theaters the legal responsibility of refusing the entry of children or minors to the movie. Moreover, where movie theaters do not have this legal obligation, they may impose limits on their own. Ratings are often given in lieu of censorship.


There are various ways in which rating is carries out in some countries. countries such as Australia, an official government body agrees on ratings; in other countries, such as the United States, it is prepared by industry committees with little, if any official government status. In most countries, though, films that are well-thought of as morally offensive have been censored, restricted, or banned (Ivory, 2001). Even if the film rating system has no legal consequences, and a film has not clearly been limited or banned, there are generally laws forbidding certain films, or forbidding minors to view them.


Background


Children of diverse ages watch and appreciate television in different ways, depending on the length of their attention spans, the ways in which they process data, the amount of mental power they devote, and their own life skills. These variables must all be studied to add an appreciation of how television violence disturbs them.


The influence of definite factors in deciding a rating differs from country to country. For example, in countries such as the US, films with strong sexual content are repeatedly limited to adult viewers, whereas in countries such as France and Germany, sexual content is watched much more kindly (Villani, 2003). On the other hand, films with violent content are often focus in countries such as Germany and Finland to high ratings and even censorship, whereas countries such as the US offer more soft ratings to violent movies.


Other factors may or may not impact the classification process, such as being set within a non-fictional historical context, whether the film worships violence or drug use, whether said violence or drug use is supported out by the protagonist, with whom the viewer should empathize, or by the antagonist (Berger, 2004). In Germany, for example, films depicting explicit war violence in a real war context (such as the Second World War) are handled more kindly than films with purely fictional settings.


Data Analysis





Country/System
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-20
21+
Notes


MPAA
G
PG
PG-13
R
NC-17
NC-17 means those who are 17 or under are not allowed in, thus one must be 18 or over for admittance.


 
 
 
 
 
 


M


FBFC
S
K-3
K-7
K-11
K-13
K-15
K-18
 


Eirin
G
PG-12
R15+
R18+



TELA
I
IIA
IIB
III
Only persons aged 18 and above are permitted to watch Category III films.


CHVRS
G
PG
14A
R/A
The 18A rating was introduced because a few films were too strong for the 14A rating but did not have enough violence or sexual content to get a higher rating.


18A



General Audience
Adult
Usually explicit violence or sexual content is cut in order to achieve a “General Audience” certificate.



P/G
13+
15+
18+
20+
Before the rating system was introduced often cut were made to reduce sexual content.



Key:



 Lime + Green  – All ages can watch.
 Yellow  – Parental guidance is suggested.
 Orange – Not recommended to a younger audience.
 Red + Brown – Restricted to an older audience.
 Black – Restricted to adults only.

Another problem is that the movie viewer categorises himself or herself with their favourite heroes and desperados, mainly in the use of cigarettes and drugs. Use of strong language is also dominant in all the Hollywood films, even in PG-13 movies. It has become normal to prove a point orally by the use of profane language, be it a good man or a bad character (Lynyong, 2004).


Small Rating of A Few Countries


The Bulgarian film rating system is defined in the Film Industry Law (or Act) of 2003. The National Film Rating Committee examines every film that is going to be distributed in the country and offers it a rating. In practice, the ratings are rarely revealed on posters and in film advertisements, but almost all DVDs have them on the back cover.


There are only three classifications for movies shown in Belgian movie theatres: KT/EA – Kinderen Toegelaten/Enfants Admis (Children Admitted) – Allowed for all, KNT/ENA – Kinderen Niet Toegelaten/Enfants Non Admis (Children Not Admitted) – Not allowed for children younger than 16 of age and E – Exempt


The Korea Media Rating Board in Seoul divides licensed films into categories four main categories: All – Suitable for all audiences, 12+ – Suitable for children 12 and older (Parental supervision recommended), 15+ – Suitable for children 15 and older and Teenager restricted – Suitable for adults 18 and older.


A Restricted rating was announced in 2002. Films with this rating were limited to adults over 19, could only be revealed in particularly licensed theatres, and could not be advertised or released on home video. The rating was ruled unlawful in 2009 after a dare from the local distributor of Short bus.


The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) rates both motion pictures and videos (and an increasing number of video games) these includes: U (Universal) Suitable for all, PG (Parental Guidance) General viewing but some scenes may be unsuitable for young children.


12A (12 Accompanied/Advisory) Recommended for 12 years and older. People under 12 years must be accompanied by an adult etc.


Looking at the Korea rating system, adults are basically considered over 19. This has mostly to do with Korea’s history, culture, and mindsets.  The censorship often altered depends on the government’s attitude toward the social structure and films. Thus, the filmmakers could not criticize the government in any aspect; instead, they could only promote and support the government. Thus, the filmmakers were not permitted to freely direct their creativity as well as their ideas and thoughts, and these limitations lead to the drop of the film industry. They both understood that media was the most powerful channel used at the time that affected how people saw the government. Prior to 1987, the government passed the First Motion Picture Law to take control of the film industry. This law did not permit the industry to easily produce the movie if the contents were not met to their criteria.


The American ratings system: the Motion Picture Association of America runs a 10 – 13 member board that sits down and watches every single movie and chooses which of the subsequent groups it falls into: G for general admission; PG indicating some material may not be suitable for children; PG-13 asserting that some material may be unsuitable for children under 13; a sudden jump to R–children under 17 must go along with  an adult when watching the film; and then NC-17, in which no person under 17 is let in under any conditions.


The first problem with American ratings is that they are entirely voluntary. Studios can indicate whether or not to submit their films to the MPAA, and can withdraw their films and make edits in order to reduce the rating. In practice the huge majority of films are submitted for rating, but if a service intended for the protection of children is not mandatory, there’s something wrong with it. In addition, the ratings are not imposed by law, so it is up to the cinema manager’s will who gets to watch the rape and torture and whatnot.


Another problem is the way sexuality is rated firmer than violence–sex and nudity are considered less natural and more upsetting than brutal, horrific, unwanted violence.  Clearly, it can be seen that the American system has loopholes and may not fully limit excessiveness as well as violence due to the leniency in their rating system.


Looking At the Effects of Media on Children


The Academy of Pediatrics says “More than one thousand scientific studies and reviews conclude that long exposure to media violence escalates the risk of aggressive behavior in certain children, numbs them to violence and makes them have confidence in  the world  a ‘meaner and scarier’ place than it is.”  If children begin to consider this type of violence is normal behavior these views are often said to be hard to change later on in life.  This is comparable to the studies of domestic violence where children who are open to violence either develop to be offenders or targets because they trust that what they are showed is the norm.  One case that brought the fear of violence in media is the Columbine incident (Ilbo, 2009).  The two young men that committed this act of violence were said to have occupied themselves to many hours of violent video games.  Their introduction to violence is said to have been the reason since the children involved in Columbine came from secure home environments with active parental influence.  As with Michael Carneal, from Kentucky, who in 1997 gunshot and murdered three of his classmates, he too was likewise said to have been a video game addict.  Michael Breen an attorney in the case against Michael Carneal stated in court; “Michael Carneal clipped off nine shots in a 10-second period.  Eight of those gunshots were hits.  Three were head and neck shots and were kills.  That is way beyond the military standard for expert marksmanship.  This was a kid who had never fired a pistol in his life, but because of his obsession with computer games he had turned himself into an expert marksman” (Ivory, 2003), (Hanson, 1999, p. 15).  These two cases in a whole may be small evidence however, shows that violent media play a role in such violence.


In fact, the child who is being presented with an over-abundance of adult life conflicts and desires ends up being pushed toward grownup ideas tends to become afraid of growing up and is therefore stunted in his maturation process.


In conclusion, learning about the Media is a Way of Learning about Us. What mostly our society is bound to be for the media affects us in terms of reasoning, reacting and developing. It is very important to learn the media.


 


 


References


Berger, A. (2004). Making Sense of Media, Key Texts in Media and Cultural Studies.


Cesarone, B. (1994). Video Games and Children ERIC Digest.  Retrieved from


http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content2/video.games.html. Accessed October 26,


2003.


Child Development Institute. (2003). Video Games and Children. Retrieved from


http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/healthsafety/videogamesandchildrens.html


Accessed October 6, 2003.


Ivory, D. (2001). Video Games and the Elusive Search for their Effects on Children: An


            Assessment of Twenty Years of Research. Retrieved from


http://www.unc.edu/~jivory/video.html. Accessed November 16, 2003.


Villani, S. (2003). Media Violence: More than Just Child’s Play? Facts of Life: Issue Briefings


            For Health Reporters vol. 8, no. 10. Retrieved from


http://www.cfah.org/factsoflife/vol8no10.cfm.  Accessed Oct 26, 2003.


Lynyong, Z. (2004). First film rating scheme in the making (China Daily). Updated: 2004-12-


17-00:25. Forum Cinemas (Estonia). Retrieved from


http://www.spio.de/media_content/555.pdf SPIO guidelines concerning the self-


Assignment of ratings (pdf, in German).


Ilbo, C. (2009). Court Lifts Restriction on Sexual Movies, January 23, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-


18.


 


 



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Understanding Transformational Leadership essay help online: essay help online

 


 


Transformational Leadership


 


Introduction


The performance and the strategic decisions made by individuals in an organization are partially determined by the features of those who participate in administration. Numerous studies have shown that the leadership style adopted in an organization affects group work processes, the social climate and the desired end result within the organization, (Hall et al (not dated p. 1). From this perspective, the style of leadership adopted in an organization affects the climate and the climate affects productivity and creativity and in some cases, leadership affects productivity directly. This explains the fact that leadership style is critical to all organizations given that it affects their performance and effectiveness. According to Covey (2007, p. 3), for an organization to achieve the desired performance and overall effectiveness, it has to adopt transformational type of leadership. Transformational leadership is a leadership process in which leaders broaden and elevate the interests of their subordinates, they stimulate the subordinates to look beyond their own self interest for the good of an organization and generate awareness and acceptance of the mission and purpose of an organization, (Covey, 2007, p. 3). In this view, this essay seeks to explain the concept of transformational leadership and its role in enhancing an organization’s effectiveness. Specifically, it looks in details into the meaning of transformational leadership as a concept. As well, the paper discuses the four components of transformational leadership that an organization’s leadership needs to adopt in order to attain effectiveness in the aforementioned process. Finally, it looks at some of the benefits that transformational leadership can bring to an organization if effectively implemented. To enhance better understanding of this, the paper gives focus on the transformational leadership adopted by Toyota Motor Company, which has enabled this company to attain operational excellence in automotive industry and even to attain iconic status in many nations in the world.


The meaning of Transformational Leadership


Transformational leadership simply refers to a leadership process that transforms and changes individuals. Hall et al (not dated, p. 1) define transformational leadership as the ability by a leader to get his/her followers to want change, to improve and to be led. This requires a critical involves assessing people’s motives, satisfying their needs and valuing them. The concept of transformational leadership was initially introduced by a leadership expert, James MacGregor Burns in his book, leadership (1978). He conceptualized leadership as either transformational or transactional. According to Burns (as cited in Bass & Riggio, 2006, p. 3), transactional leadership involves leading through social exchange. For example, as Burns noted, politicians lead by “exchanging one thing for another: jobs for votes or subsidies for campaign contributions,” (Bass & Riggio, 2006, p. 4). In the same way, transactional organizational leaders give financial rewards for good performance or they deny rewards for lack of productivity. On the other hand, Burns perceived transformational leadership as a process in which leaders and their subordinates make each other to advance to a higher level of morality and motivation, (Cherry, 2011). Thus, through the strength of their personality and vision, transformational leaders are able to inspire individuals to change their perceptions, motivations and expectations and encourage them to work towards common goals. Later, researcher Bernard M. Bass came up with the concept of ‘Transformational Leadership Theory’ which expanded upon burn’s original ideas.Bass suggested that, transformational leadership can be defined based on the implications it has on the followers, (Cherry, 2011). Thus, according to him, transformational leaders are those who are able to earn respect, trust and admiration from their followers. In general, we can argue that transformational leadership is a process in which a leadership influences the followers to achieve a common objective.


Toyota Motor Company Ltd is a good example of an organization that has attained consistency in transformational leadership and philosophy of excellent performance. This corporation which has its roots in Japan is a well known car maker in the world and in fact, it has been an icon in automotive industry during the last few decades owing to its operational excellence, (Hill, 2009). Currently, as Hill notes, Toyota is realizing the highest annual profits, its sales are continuously growing and its shares in the World stock market are increasing constantly. Noteworthy, this corporation is a number one car seller in many countries in the world. According to Hill (2009), much of Toyota’s success can be attributed to its efficient operational and management system named Toyota Production System (TPS), which was developed by the founders of Toyota Company in 1920’s.  One remarkable thing about the this Company’s leadership style is that it is consistently a transformation type of leadership and the company holds a philosophy to always do thing with excellence.


Components of transformational leadership


Bass (as cited in Covey, 2007, p. 5) suggested that there are four factors of transformational leadership: idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individual consideration. Idealized influence or charisma refers the ability of a leader to behave in admirable ways that cause followers to identify with him or her, (Covey, 2007, p. 5). Such leaders are able to convince their followers, take their stand and appeal to their followers on an emotional level. According to Covey, (2007) a charismatic leader makes a clear set of values and demonstrates them in every action and thus, acts as a role model to the followers.  That way, a solid moral and ethical foundation is built and this creates a genuine trust between a charismatic leader and the followers. Inspirational motivation on the other hand involves articulation of vision that is appealing and inspiring to the followers. A leader with inspirational motivation challenges his/her followers with communication, optimism about future objectives, with high set standards and thus, gives meaning to the task at hand. Thus, effective transformational leadership involves motivating followers to gain strong sense of purpose, which motivate them to act. Again, this aspect of leadership needs to be supported by effective communication skills, which enable a leader to be powerful and precise in a persuasive way, (Covey, 2007, p. 6).


According to Covey, (2007, p. 6), intellectual stimulation is the ability of a leader to take risks, challenge assumptions and to solicit the follower’s ideas. In other words, effective transformational leadership implies the ability to encourage and stimulate creativity in the minds of the followers. Leaders with this trait provide a framework for the followers to connect to them, to each other, to the organization and to the objectives of an organization. This allows them to overcome any obstacles in the way of their mission. Finally, Individualized consideration or individualized attention involves the ability of a leader to listen to the concerns of the followers, to attend to the needs of each of one them and act as a mentor or a coach to them, (Hall et al, not dated, p. 2). Further, this requires respecting and cerebrating the contributions of each follower to the team. This aspect of transformational leadership helps to propel the followers to further growth and achievement.


According to Hill (2009), the consistency in transformational leadership in Toyota Motor Corporation emerges from its ability to Attract, Develop, Engage, and Inspire people. As Hill notes, Toyota Company has a long history of respecting all people including employees, customers and supply partners. The top management of this corporation makes every effort to enhance understanding among each other and with subordinates and takes responsibility to build trust within the organization. According to Hill (2009), this is embedded in the organization’s culture and as a result it acts as a key ingredient in its success as the global leader in operational excellence. Further, Hill (2009) establishes that this corporation employs a very important tactic through encouraging problem solving at all levels. Further, it makes management accountable to the employees as it undertakes its managerial tasks and encourages leadership to inspire the subordinates to be committed to the company. To achieve this, Toyota makes sure that its human resource department is and always remains an arbitrator of fair and consistent daily practices. Further, it employs the top-down and bottom-up planning process to involve all of its employees in achieving its goals. John (2002, p. 137) notes that Toyota company establishes and always communicates key business performance indicators at every level of this corporation. In addition, according to John, this corporation trains its employees to solve problems and to continuously improve processes within the organization in their daily work.


According to Mills (2007 p. 20), Toyota company encourages the top management to live and teach company’s philosophy of respecting all people and doing things with excellence to the subordinates. Another approach taken by this company is that it enhances training and socialization of employees as they are being hired into the organization. Homrig (2001) examined the leadership style of Toyota Motor Corporation in it’s blanch located in Australia and found out that this company enhances motivation, morale and motivation of employees in various ways. According to Homrig, this includes “connecting the manager’s sense of identity and self to the mission and the collective identity of the organization, being a role model for followers that inspires them, challenging followers to take greater ownership for their work and understanding the strengths and weaknesses of management, so the leader can align followers with tasks that optimize,” (Homrig, 2001). In summary, this implies that Toyota Company employs the valuable aspects of transformational leadership in its operations, which partly explains the source of its excellent performance in the automobile industry.


The benefits of transformational leadership to an organization


Transformational leadership is very important to an organizational performance. To start with, transformational leadership helps to save costs related to high turnover rate in an organization. According to Cox, (not dated), the cost of hiring hew employees is usually higher compared to the cost of retaining old ones. In many cases, people leave organizations due to poor cultural fit or because they are dissatisfied with their leader (boss). This leads to high organizational costs related to high turnover rate, which can be reduced through enhancement of effective transformational leadership. Also, as noted earlier, transformational leadership has the potential to empower employees in an organization to realize their full potential and to show higher commitments to organizational goals. Homrig (2001) notes that, employees in an organizational are most likely to get satisfaction, to thank you and contribute significantly to your organization as in the case of Toyota Motor Corporation. Else, they will shift to a more environment. Either way, a transformational leader will be the winner. In addition, the process of transformational leadership is helpful in fostering organizational effectiveness as a centre for learning. Specifically, it enhances improvement in individual support, vision building, intellectual stimulation, culture building and modeling, (Cox, not dated)


As mentioned earlier, a transformational leader acts as a role model to be emulated by the followers. In an organization, this creates high levels of cohesion between bosses and their subjects, which lubricates flow of information and trust, (Cox, not dated). Further, this relationship helps to communicate a strong and common vision between leadership and other employees. In addition, in an organization, transformational leadership enables employees to enthusiastic, engaged and challenged in a way that they would perceive to be personal and appropriate to their specific requirements. As such, transformational leadership enables the goals and objectives of an organization to be clearly communicated and enhances their tangibility to the leaders (Cox, not dated).


By actively stimulating the followers, transformational leadership encourages formulation of new ways of doing things, (Mills, 2007, p. 20).  This increases the potential for individual development and for addressing the concern of followers in an organization. This encourages creativity, cohesive and productivity in an organization. As a result, an organization’s operations become more effective and stable in performance. Further, Bass (as cited in (Mills, 2007, p. 20).  ) explained that the four elements of transformational leaderships have the foundation to move followers beyond what is expected. In other words, transformational leadership brings about more than the set up agreements and exchanges between people. Thus, when it is practiced within an organization, it is easier to address high cost retention issues and other high dynamics which have a large impact on an organization’s working culture.


Bass & Riggio postulate the relationship between transformational leadership and effective mentoring and argue that:


Both mentors and transformational leaders act as role models who encourage learning and development, and work to develop others’ self-confidence, personal identity and well being. Thus, transformational leaders serve as mentors as they exhibit various degrees of transformational leadership behavior, (Bass & Riggio, 2006, p. 53).


In short, transformational leadership enables development of the followers to enhance their capabilities and capacity to lead. Bass & Riggio (2006, p. 52) further explain that, transformational leadership in helps to reduce fillings of stress and as well, it provides tools to help individuals cope with stress and crisis. For instance, highly committed employees in an organization, who take their work home to work at night, are likely to experience more stress compared to those who are indifferent to their work. Nonetheless, transformation leadership enhances employees’ commitment and as well, serves to reduce their feelings of stress. Also, transformational change has been associated with producing change in organizations. In a recent study conducted by Waldman, Javidan and Varella (as cited in Bass & Riggio, 2006, p. 53), it was established that the charismatic elements of transformational leadership and intellectual stimulation as measured by MLQ were related to company performance and strategic organizational change. Thus, transformational leadership enhances effectiveness of the process of change in an organization. In summary, transformational leadership has a great potential in promoting performance of organizations.


Conclusion


In conclusion, this discussion demonstrates the importance of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational effectiveness. As noted, the term transformational leadership means a leadership process in which leaders broaden and elevate the interests of their followers, they stimulate them to look beyond their own self interest for the good of an organization and generate awareness and acceptance of the mission and purpose of an organization to the followers. This style of leadership is an opposite of transactional leadership style in which leaders give financial rewards for good performance or they deny rewards for lack of productivity. As demonstrated by Toyota Motor Company, for an organizational leadership to be effective, it has to efficiently implement of the four components of transformational leadership namely; idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individual consideration. There are various merits of transformational leadership, which enhances effectiveness of organizational performance as demonstrated in this discussion. Briefly, transformational leadership helps to minimize employees’ turnover rate and hence, this save costs related to high turnover rate in an organization. Second, it empowers employees in an organization to realize their full potential and to show higher commitments to organizational goals. Third, this style of leadership is helpful in fostering organizational effectiveness as a centre for learning. Fourth, transformational leadership enables the goals and objectives of an organization to be clearly communicated and enhances their tangibility to the leaders in an organization. Further, it increases the potential for individual development and for addressing the concern of followers as well as to move followers beyond expectations. In addition, transformational leadership helps to reduce employee’s stress and increase their well being. Finally, this style of leadership enhances effectiveness of the process of change in an organization. In general, the different merits of transformational leadership significantly increase an organizational effectiveness.


 


References


Bass, B. M. & Riggio, R. E., (2006), measurement of transformational leadership,


Transformational leadership, Routledge, New Jersey


Cherry, K., (2011), Transformational leadership, retrieved from,


http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm


Covey, S., (2007), the transformational leadership report, retrieved from,


http://www.transformationalleadership.net/products/TransformationalLeadershipReport.pdf


Cox, R., (not dated), The Benefits of Transformational Leadership, retrieved from,


http://www.transformationalleadership.net/imarticle.php?articleid=210055


Hall, J., Johnson, S., Wysocki, A. & Kepner2, K., (not dated), Transformational Leadership: The


Transformation of Managers and Associates, retrieved from, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/HR/HR02000.pdf


Hill, M., (2009), Toyota culture, retrieved from,


http://www.lean.org/Bookstore/ProductDetails.cfm?SelectedProductID=270


Homrig, M. A., (2001), Transformational Leadership, retrieved from,


http://leadership.au.af.mil/documents/homrig.htm


John, D., (2002), organizational learning and leadership, Organizational Learning and


Effectiveness, Routledge, New Jersey


Mills, G. E., (2007) transformational leadership, Transformational leadership and employee


retention: An exploratory investigation of the four characteristics, ProQuest, Capella University


 


 


 



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The Marketing Mindset: A Case Study of DEWA


Name


Institution Affiliation


Course


Date


 



Table of Contents


Introduction. 2


Theoretical discussion. 3


Marketing mix. 3


Implementation & Control Implementation of the Marketing mix. 4


Client-Centered Focus of Dewa: Key marketing concepts customer centrality. 4


Application of Customer Centrality at Emirates airline. 5


Evidence of customer-centrality at Emirates airline. 5


Marketing Strategy. 6


Segmentation. 6


Targeting. 6


Positioning. 6


Differentiation. 6


Growth strategy. 7


Evaluation and recommendation. 7


Conclusion. 8


References. 9


 


 


Introduction

            DEWA, Government Corporation, shaped on the year 1992, January first after assuming control and consolidates the independently in administration Dubai Electric Co. also Dubai Water Department. Today, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) utilize workers of around 7,900 and were the unrivaled supplier of power and water to the Emirate of Dubai/UAE. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) needed to be known as compelling as far as electric and water commercial enterprises in Dubai and the association needed to concentrate on controlling green structures for a sheltered and sound environment. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA), Green Buildings Regulation go for diminishing electrical vitality utilization, particularly the vitality utilized for cooling, lighting, water warming, and so on (Friess, Rakhshan, Hendawi & Tajerzadeh, 2012). Furthermore, the activity goes for defending water utilization and the ideal utilization of renewable vitality too. All these variables will help adequately in lessening gas emanations, enhancing interior environment quality, and will consider decidedly general wellbeing. Such components will build the life compass of structures and will help in the safeguarding of the biological system that will constantly prompt expanded benefit and will support Dubai’s monetary advancement.


The benefit to expand Dubai government association with DEWA and maintain its imperative mission with extraordinary designing green building regulation and activity and in addition short lived model, configuration and improvement power and water arrangements. The expanding appropriation rate of DEWA’s heading arrangement in the Middle East is compelling pointer of quality the association gives their customers into the water rare area as Dubai. DEWA is obviously going for huge modern crash, one with the control to transport detectably better fitness and enhanced power and water administration quality to its customers. DEWA are glad to offer green building execution improving green building correspondences administration, outcome most elevated reserve funds and develop premise for DEWA green building achievement in years to come.


Theoretical discussion

Marketing mix


Product – Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) essential and one of a kind administrations are outlined particularly for customers going in the nation. They offer an unrivaled scope of extravagance, style and refinement in its administrations that are arranged with the viewpoint of the client’s solaces and delight. The group in Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) embodies world class staff who are chosen to go to the recognized customers.


Price – Price esteem which is charged by the organization is adaptable. In view of the financial condition and current situation of the business sector, the value quality charged is generally changed. The costs of the administrations being offered is kept moderate with respect to the travelers. The recognized piece of the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is the valuing methodology that is gives minimal effort charges and helpful procedure for water and electricity estimating. Organization is giving more than twenty five percent of less expensive administrations in examination to the next administration suppliers (Friess, Rakhshan, Hendawi & Tajerzadeh, 2012).


Place – Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) give administrations at distinctive areas. In better places inside the nation offers its administrations at all the significant areas. The accommodation of the buyers is the most vital need. The calendar of the administrations is likewise done as per the customers. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) presents a lot of people new courses other than the current one with the procurement of solace and expense sparing techniques. Next to these administrations the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is giving a lot of people relentless administrations covering different imperative places and wanting to acquaint a lot of people more administration with customers.


Promotion – according to the momentum situation, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has turned into a brand and does not require any advancement. Anyhow to present the new methodologies and approaches of the organization the organization utilizes distinctive media. The standard customers are educated by specifically reaching and letting them know about the new methodologies of the association.


Personnel – People who have been utilized to work for the association are very gifted and met all requirements for the different occupation parts. The work force work keeping in mind the end goal to perform their employment parts in a fitting way and so as to attain the mission of the organization. The administrations which are given by the organization and the notoriety which it has created are because of the work force being utilized by the organization.


Implementation & Control Implementation of the Marketing mix


The implementation in the on account of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) need to done keeping in mind the end goal to conceal the shortcoming of the association. The shortcoming which lies in the association is that it concentrates on a percentage of the occasions which may hurt the business. So as to examine the risks which are connected with a certain occasion the organization ought to structure up a risk investigation group and the group would break down the future wander and foresee if the organization ought to proceed with it or not. A risk can be seen as a risk which has the capability of hurting the advancement of an association. In the event that the risk gets to be genuine the improvement of the association may get harmed and the association may need to experience a huge misfortune. The risk investigation group would embrace any of the proactive or responsive methodologies to survey a specific wander. A risk assessment can be displayed to the workers dealing with the circumstances. Favorable element of such an execution would be, to the point that the organization is mindful of the risk to be followed in a certain circumstance. A project can be created to get back from the risk


Client-Centered Focus of Dewa: Key marketing concepts customer centrality

The ideas in client centrality concentrate on the privilege customers for the business and creating long haul relations with these key customers. By building association with these client will make the organization more gainful over the long haul. Understanding the present and future needs and needs: organizations must concentrate on and attempt to comprehend client needs and needs even before the client they self-know them, as this will bring about unrivaled client fulfillment. Customers must be included in every venture of new item improvement to make esteem for the customers and convey them the best items and results (Villella et al,. 2010).).


Value addition: to fulfill the needs and needs of the customers it is vital to increase the value of the deciding item that is generally conveyed to the client. Associations must take into notice and verify that at level of its operation worth is added by the workers to give top quality items or administrations to the client. For this it is additionally paramount that everybody at Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) knows the customers and comprehends their needs and requests. Organizations must take measure to guarantee that the customers are getting the best items in a successful and effective path at the least costs


Preparing for change: the organization should dependably be prepared for embracing long haul change that will have an impact on the organization. For this it is paramount for the organization to comprehend the entire methodology of client centricity and its necessities.


Application of Customer Centrality at Emirates airline


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has received the client driven methodology to manufacture a decent notoriety in the business and among the client and position itself in a finer manner and adequately oversee rivalry. The organization is concentrating on all its exercises and attempting to greatly improve the situation for the client by understanding the nature and sort of the client. As individuals everywhere throughout the world go through emirates, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is attempting its best to enthrall and encourage them without limitations.


Evidence of customer-centrality at Emirates airline


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is considered as one of the world’s best water and electric organization that have a client situated methodology. Their point is to fulfill the customers and fulfill their needs and requests. For this reason they are always rolling out improvements and advancement and acquiring new things that would fulfill the customers. Emulating are the offices that DEWA gives its customers:


Online Check- In: The Company gives 24 hour check-in-framework to its customers which allow them to check their water and power bills and crises (Villella et al,. 2010).).


Business Rewards: This is outlined particularly for the associations that utilize Emirates for their power and water needs. Through this the associations get motivating forces at whatever point their workers go by procuring prize focuses. The impetuses are as complimentary bill installments.


Marketing Strategy

Segmentation


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority portions its market into two noteworthy classes, the beneficial and the unfruitful one (Taqqali & Abdulaziz, 2010). These can be further isolated on the premise of the normal water and power utilization. Brand unwavering customers are the individuals who have been utilizing the administrations years paying little heed to their costs and depend on the quality and notoriety of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority.


Targeting


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority panders to high positioning administrators and the populace of UAE. It serves all customers paying little respect to nationality (Murad, Al Nuaimi & Al Hammadi, 2007).


Positioning


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority situating system is principally profit situated and goes for offering interesting administrations. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority situating is general, creative and offers great worth for cash.


Differentiation


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority positions first concerning separation. The organization was the first to execute present day engineering like cellular telephone utilization ready for, searching and the sun and moon idea. They additionally offer administrations like showering ready for customers and customers (Murad, Al Nuaimi & Al Hammadi, 2007).


Growth strategy


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority from the earliest starting point has received a forceful development technique. Their benefit figures demonstrate a yearly increment without come up short accepting the second year of operations. DEWA has been persistently growing their traveler limit and number of objectives. The system utilized by them depends on the obtaining of water and power expenses and capable staff and the capacity prompting lower operational expenses.


Evaluation and recommendation

            Dubai Electricity and Water Authority Management is recognizable proof of conceivable profits, DEWA arranging and following, of obligations and powers and DEWA genuine acknowledgment as aftereffect of putting resources into aggregate change adjusting and go past green building venture examination of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority ventures. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority should convey the specialized answers for all ventures. The arrangement should diagram individual deliverables from Dubai Electricity and Water Authority to acknowledge green building advantages taking after on change usage (Taqqali & Abdulaziz, 2010).


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority have grown-up, perceived frameworks for corresponding with staff through different procedures. The systems for correspondence at Dubai Electricity and Water Authority should be utilized and essential for adjusting green building convey and general change in an open, evident and express way. Consequently, street of correspondence at Dubai Electricity and Water Authority give better chance to green building correspondence of such quarterly Dubai Electricity and Water Authority group preparation, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority web access accessible through Pcs and different productions. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority perceives that change administration has been discriminating piece of running and empower Dubai Electricity and Water Authority individuals to acknowledge unique engineering frameworks and business plan (Vidican, McElvaney, Samulewicz & Al-Saleh, 2012).


Conclusion

Along these lines, for DEWA to attain its finished vision as far as green building execution and other pertinent base, DEWA in its key green building methodology will get to be viable regarding power and water administration operations in Dubai wherein there ought to include extensive activity with a specific end goal to have a persevering method for the green building regulations and that each goes well upon DEWA’s proceeded with enthusiasm on change to serve much better of Dubai group and build potential remaining of power and water administrations to continue everything on the whole correct et cetera. DEWA in its green building relates the lawful degree of power and water possession to such redesigns of Dubai maps and data. In this manner, it will be an absolute necessity to be in control with Dubai group affirmation which vital to gain all required change administration data to seek after long haul arrange and activity customers.


 


 


References

Friess, W. A., Rakhshan, K., Hendawi, T. A., & Tajerzadeh, S. (2012). Wall insulation measures for                 residential villas in Dubai: A case study in energy efficiency. Energy and Buildings, 44, 26-32.


Jebril, Y. A., Ibrahim, A. I., Shaban, S. A., Al Dessi, S. A., Electricity, D., Authority, W., … & Villella, F.             (2010, October). Development of a detailed dynamic load model and implementation staged             testing of DEWA network. InPower conference and exhibition, Doha, Qatar (p. 7).


Murad, A. A., Al Nuaimi, H., & Al Hammadi, M. (2007). Comprehensive assessment of water resources     in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Water Resources Management, 21(9), 1449-1463.


Taqqali, W. M., & Abdulaziz, N. (2010, December). Smart grid and demand response technology.   In Energy Conference and Exhibition (EnergyCon), 2010 IEEE International (pp. 710-715).      IEEE.


Vidican, G., McElvaney, L., Samulewicz, D., & Al-Saleh, Y. (2012). An empirical examination of the             development of a solar innovation system in the United Arab Emirates. Energy for Sustainable             Development, 16(2), 179-188.



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Coursework for Market and Social Research ccusa autobiographical essay help: ccusa autobiographical essay help

Coursework for Market and Social Research


(Name)


(University)


(Instructor)


(Course)


(Date)


 


Table of Contents


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.. 3


1.0 BACKGROUND.. 4


2.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT.. 5


3.0 OBJECTIVES. 5


4.0 PROJECT SCOPE.. 6


5.0 DATA COLLECTION.. 6


6.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND SAMPLING PLAN.. 7


7.0 DATA ANALYSIS. 8


8.0 PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN PROJECT.. 9


BIBLIOGRAPHY. 11


APPENDIX.. 13


Sample questions for the questionnaire. 13


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The demand of University education is increasing at an alarming rate in the world. However, students have their personal preferences for some institutions than others. This necessitates a need for adoption of an effective marketing strategy by the higher learning institutions. This is because the competition among the Universities in terms of offering a new program for learners, and venturing into technology increases throughout. As such, Universities recruitment systems have a significant impact on the choice that students make with regard to the institutions they choose and loyalty to the same institutions.


This proposal paper addresses the issue of MBA students’ recruitment in the University of Westershire. The paper aims at analysing the process of the recruitment, identifying the factors that encourage students to join the University, and establishing factors that discourage students from joining the University. In addition, the proposal focuses on recommending the most suitable marketing strategy for University of Westershire.


The paper aims at gathering data from the University fraternity, outside students and parents. Students and their lecturers will offer immediate perception about the University, and their responses used for analysis of the internal environment of the University. Parents and non-students, on the other hand, will provide information crucial to external analysis of the university.


Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods will find application in this research to gather the needed data. This involves use of questionnaires and interviews. The survey population is predetermined to 100 people. The data analysis process will make use of the various mathematical and statistical tools. The research will involve Lehamn Peters (committee member), and Jackson Jersey (research professional).


1.0 BACKGROUND

Contemporary society has many eminent dynamics that surround all aspects of a person’s life (EUA 2007). These dynamics may pose negative impacts in the society if not well managed. However, positive impacts have a chance of occurring. The dynamics have found a basis on the transformation process of society taking the form of the knowledge base. This calls for learning institutions and scholars to participate in facilitating the process of knowledge sharing (Gurteen 1999).


Students have a wide range of factors to take into consideration before joining any university. These factors include requirements for admission, availability of the desired program, the content of the course offered, and the size, locality, as well as reputation of a given university. Other accrued factors of consideration are cost, the housing facilities, distance between the institution and the students home, and the universities extra-curriculum activities, such as sports (AUCC 2011). Accreditation of programs offered by a University ensures that adherence to education standards attains satisfactory (SAE International 2011). This forms a key factor of consideration for selection of University by students. However, for some students, their parents are the key decision makers of the University that they have to choose.


The need for University Education trends has posed perfect competition among the higher learning institutions. This calls for use of Michael Porter’s Five Forces Model, which aids in effective analysis and evaluation of competitiveness degree of an industry (Peng 2009). The five competitive forces are rivalry among various competing industries, threats of product or service substitutes, threat of new entrants, buyers bargaining strength, and bargaining power of the potential market suppliers. Therefore, institutions need to adopt a strategy that aids in achieving competitive advantage (Paskill Stapleton 2010).


According to Ferrell and Hartline (2008), the current trends of competition among the institutions, demands that institutions should focus on satisfying the learners’ needs. The satisfaction criterion adopted need to be incomparable with other competing institutions. This ensures that an institution is safe from rivalry with other competing institutions. Cox (2006) claims that, currently, promotion of education in all aspects depicts the correlation of theory and practice. However, careful selection of the education marketing needs adoption to safeguard rise of ideologies, and fears that the quality of education is substandard.


2.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT

University Education is a key need for most of the students. According to Henderson (2004), demand and supply affects the forces of the market. The students present determining factors for the demand and supply of the University Education. This infers that, the strategies, policies, and marketing methods adopted by an institution, should meet the demand of this market segment. The recruitment process need to link individual values and then institution’s beliefs (Beiske 2007) in a common pool. As such, the recruitment process need an element of effectiveness and should have the ability to attract candidates. Therefore, there is a need for analyzing the recruitment process of MBA students in the University of Westershire, so that adoption of appropriate measures takes place. On the same note, inherent factors in an institution deter students from opting for their studies in these institutions. However, effective marketing strategies adoption alters the perception of the same students. Thus, the research has to identify the inherent factors that encourage, or discourage students from joining University of Westershire.


3.0 OBJECTIVES

The main aim of this research is to analyse the recruitment process of MBA students in the University of Westershire. The governing objectives for research are,



To find out the factors that motivate students to opt for the University of Westershire
To determine factors which discourage students from joining University of Westershire
To find out how the process of MBA students recruitment occurs within the University of Westershire
To establish the most effective advertising channel, and promotion materials for the University of Westershire

4.0 PROJECT SCOPE

The research project will have a confinement of Westershire University fraternity. The research will also extend to the external environment. This encompasses students not members of the University, and the parents. However, the research will have a concentration of the recruitment of MBA students in Westershire University.


5.0 DATA COLLECTION

Both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods will find application in the research project. The target sample population is a group of 100 students (members of University and non-members each), 100 parents who have students in the University, and 100 University dons. The qualitative process involves focus groups and face-to-face interviews. Three focus groups composed of 6-8 people each for the target groups; have to be homogeneous with a room for variation that creates allowance of differing opinions (Hair et al 2008). This is due to the fact that, management of a focus group that has a composition of more than 10 members poses difficulties in the research, while a focus group of less than 6 members may influence data validity extensively. Maclntosh (1981) argues that the recommended figure for a focus group is 6-to-10 members. The expected duration for each focus group is in the range of one-to- two hours. However, there is room for variation depending on the group dynamics. Nevertheless, a moderator with precise questions will aid in time management during the research work (Krueger 2002).


Face-to-face interviews that will be of use in the research will consist of a population of 20 people. The selection criterion is gender sensitive; thus, 10 males and 10 females picked from each target groups. The method, will aid in the provision of detailed data since facial expressions and body language, will have application in the interviewing process in order to gather all the relevant data in need (Opdenakker 2006). In addition, the process eliminates presence of personal bias and aids in gathering adequate information. This occurs since there is room for clarification of points not well understood, as well as paraphrasing. Interviews are a vital source of unbiased and reliable information (Reisman, Gienapp, and Stacowiak n.d).


On the other hand, quantitative research will take place on a sample population of 100 people. The aim for this is to collect statistical data, such as a percentage of how many students prefer joining Westershire University. According to Macleoud and Koeberl (2002), for one to compare means of two differing populations with a Z-test, the population under study has to be more than 30. Therefore, the research will make use of 100 people as the sample population.


6.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND SAMPLING PLAN

The population of interest in this research is the students, the lecturers, and the parents. The research design will make use of the triangulation method for the data collection, in order to increase the level of the validity of the data. A set of ten questionnaires and in-depth interviews will serve as the major tools for data collection during the research. However, the questionnaires and interviews will have an element of confidentiality, and thus, the names of the respondents have no room for publication.


The research project is set to have a composition of 3 focus groups, a 20 face-to-face interview for the qualitative research, and a quantitative survey of 100 people of the population. However, the research will incorporate a pilot, which will aid in evaluating the nature of the questionnaire used. Nevertheless, the questionnaire will include a demographic question (gender) for the purposes of enriching the kind of expected results. Questionnaires will find their way to the sample population and collected after duration of one hour.


The scheduled interviews will take place in the major buildings within the University. These buildings include the lecturers’ offices, students’ halls of residents, and lecture rooms. The period for each interview is thirty minutes. The collection of information will involve hand-written recording, and use of an electronic gadget to record the same. The inclusion of electronic gadget will aid in clarifying the information gathered, and serve the purpose of capturing any other information that may pass without recording.


7.0 DATA ANALYSIS

The data analysis process will consist of employing mathematical and statistical tools on the data, to allow inferences with respect to the data gathered. The procedure that will find application begins with summarization of all the responses from the data collection techniques employed, grouping the responses, and coding the same in SPSS programs. The SPSS will aid in transforming the raw data into visual forms of the data, which include graphs and charts. The trends that visual data will depict will have to be analysed.


SPSS program gives descriptive statistics; this will aid in identifying the correlation of the gathered data. Correlation depiction will also occur after computation of the frequency tables for the collected data. In addition, establishment of the dependent and independent variables correlation will occur after running crossbars between the two variables. Finally, factor analysis will aid in establishing any kind of similarities of the group of the variables of the data (Ratcliff n.d).


8.0 PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN PROJECT

This project will involve Lehamn Peters (committee member), and Jackson Jersey (research professional). Jackson Jersey is an associate professor for research in the University of Waterscore. His contact email address is [email protected] The education background for Jackson is:



Ph.D. Sociology University of Saudi Arabia, 1990
M.S. Sociology University of Malaysia, 1988
B.S. Social Research Methodology, 1986

Jackson has a considerable level of professional experience outlined as:



Associate Professor in the University of Saudi Arabia (Feb. 2008 – present)
Sociologist in Meridian Human Resource Centre (Jan 2000 – Nov, 2005)
Sociologist at Post-doctoral Research centre in the University of Hail (Feb-April, 2000)
Research Assistant in Social Aspects of the University of Hail (Jan-Nov, 1999)
Research Assistant in Sociology University of Maritime (1989-1998)

Current Research Area of Jackson is:



Associate Professor in the University of Saudi Arabia (Feb. 2008 – present), Jackson participates in designing the research methodologies for postgraduate students, and offering knowledge to postgraduate students on how to carry out their research work.
Research Design of Recruitment Process of Macron Company (2006), where Jackson actively participated in formulating the questionnaires for the research, conducted the research, analysed data, and presented the data.
Postdoctoral Researcher at Hail Health Care Centre (June 1999 – March. 2001), where he was involved in designing the research method, data collection, analysis and presentation.
Post-doctoral Research Associate at Detroit Limited Company (Feb-Mar, 1999), he was in-charge of management of the research tools and methodology, and acted as a consultant.

Lehamn Peters, on the other hand, is a research professor in the University of Madison. His contact email is [email protected] An outline of Lehamn education background is as follows:



B.A, Sociology in the University of California (1964)
M.A, Economics in the University of Hail (1967)
Ph.D, Sociology in the University of Westershire (1968)

Lehamn has held several positions outlined as:



Director at Westershire University in-charge of students’ welfare (2010-present)
Director at the demographic and aging unit in the University Of Hail (2000-2010), Lehamn acted as the research coordinator for the demographic issues.
Research Assistant with the University of Johns (1970-1980), where he was involved in the data analysis operation.
Research Assistant for Mall population studies (1980-1999), Lehamn participated in the design of the research methodology, data collection and modulation, data analysis, and data presentation.

Lehamn notable honours are:



Maritime community Research Fellow in the University of Madison (2005)
Research fellow in the Canadian Statistical Association (2000)

 


 


BIBLIOGRAPHY

AUCC, 2011. Canadian universities. Retrieved from:


http://www.aucc.ca/can_uni/student_info/can_student/choosing_e.html


Beiske, B, 2007.  Recruitment: Jonhson &Johnson Vs.Unilever. Business & Economics.


GRIN VERLAG


Cox, V, 2006. Marketing Education: Constructing the Future. Journal of Marketing


Intelligence & Planning. Vol, 24, No, 3.


EUA, 2007. Creativity in Higher Education. Belgium. European University Association.


Ferrell, O, & Hartline, M, 2008. Marketing Strategy. 4th Edition, Thomson South


Western. Thomson Learning Inc.


Gurteen, D, 1999. Creating a Knowledge Sharing Culture. Knowledge Management


Magazine, Vol, 2, No, 5.


Hair/ Lukas/ Miller/ Bush/ Ortinau, 2008. Marketing Research. 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill


Irwin, North Sydney, NSW, Australia


Henderson, H, 2004. Supply And Demand. Business & Economics. Kessinger


Krueger, R, 2002. Designing and Conducting Focus Group Interviews. Retrieved from:


http://www.eiu.edu/~ihec/Krueger-FocusGroupInterviews.pdf


Macleod, G, & Koeberl, C, 2002. Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions: Impacts And


Beyon.  Geological Society Of America


MacIntosh, J, 1981. Focus Groups in Distance Nursing Education.  Journal of Advanced


Nursing 18


Opdenakker, R, 2006. Forum: Qualitative Social Research. Retrieved from:


http://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2e50a56beee848c799facd92dfc22c11c/boehr


Peng, W, 2009. Global Strategy.  2nd Edition, South-Western Cengage Learning, OH


Ratcliff, D, n.d. Methods of Data Analysis in Qualitative Research. Retrieved from:


http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:jQaDaDV0iZUJ:qualitativeresearch.ratcliffs.net/15methods.pdf+DATA+ANALYSIS+TECHNIQUES&hl=en&gl=ke&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShetpYkjeTu27CRLcz_SOJiaAqAtsgj3TSay3EZFQvGvM2TpsVdtu5yv_6Ecao0y7psIoKu13JOK2HSGzTuq3O-yxy0kjlCU5ivDhsoMNZb3qCCKsqSaY_X99epkWcBKEELhIkf&sig=AHIEtbRzCf-qd9jCIv0gkOXOCVgESO3HWA


Reisman, J, Gienapp, A, & Stachowiak, S, n.d. A Handbook of Data Collection Tools:


Companion to “A Guide to Measuring Advocacy and Policy”. Organizational Research Services


SAE International, 2011. Choosing a College. Retrieved from:


http://students.sae.org/chapters/choosecollege.htm


Paskill Stapleton, 2010. Results-Driven Marketing Strategies and Enrolment Management


Solutions for Higher Education.


 


 


 

 


 


 


 



APPENDIX
Sample questions for the questionnaire

What is your gender?
What is your profession?
Which is your course of study?
Would you prefer changing your course?
When did you join the University?
What facilitated you to joining the University?
Are you willing to change the University?
What do you love in the University most?
What do you dislike in the University?
How did you find the process of joining the University?
How would you describe the University?
Are you willing to transfer from the University?
Which is your preferred University?
Which is your preferred learning institution for the students?
How did you find the University?
How long did the recruitment at the University take?
What would you prefer to be improved in the recruitment process?
Where did you get information about the University?
Which is your most preferred advertising media channel?

 



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The key priorities essential to the Leadership research essay help: research essay help

 


 


The key priorities essential to the Leadership and Management of Early Years Children


Student’s Name:


Institution:


 


Introduction


The good quality of education ensures that learners get the requisite skills that can positively turn them to be better leaders of tomorrow. It has a positive impact in the lives and development of children (Ziek, & Smulowitz, 2014). The role of a good leader and manager is crucial in good education. Therefore, leadership undertakes great importance in early year’s setting and child’s development. Efficient leadership has a visible effect on pupil learning. Miller (2013) noted that leadership can be described as a process where certain standards and expectations are used to influence the behaviour of others in implementing what is considered to be a desirable direction. A leader is someone who can influence other’s behaviour to achieve a target goal(Aubrey, 2011 and Moyles, 2006). Leaders balance work, tasks, quality and production efficiency. Leaders have concern for individuals, relationship, satisfaction and moral values (Moyles, 2006 and Siraj-Blatchford and Manni 2007).


Leaders in educational institutions are effectively put in position in order to deliver both motivation and direction to the learners. They are managing the areas of consideration, wellbeing and coordinating leadership with teaching. Leaders likewise proceed adequately to oversee and develop learners with distinctive expert skills and aptitudes, and additionally with changing levels of experience and performance.


Leaders in early years in the school settings are extremely not the same in character, quality and viability. The leadership characters differ from personality to personality. Leaders get inherent attributes through education as well as through inborn attributes. It is perceived that viable initiative of leadership is crucial to the accomplishment of training and consideration settings of a learner. Without talented, trained teachers with leadership attributes to help shape take and support learning, early year learner’s leadership is insignificant. Research likewise demonstrates that leadership is second just to educating as it has an impact on learning, and that the quality and practice of management is connected in a continual and clear approach to enhanced educational value as well as instilling leadership qualities to the young (Mitgang, 2012, p. 3). The initiatives in early child education settings accommodate reflective individual potentials that incorporate routine thoughts of power. Creativity likewise has an impact procedure that get authorized by people and groups as they mingle with each other so asto roll out the improvements that reflect imparted vision and reason. Resourcefulness is both an individual and collective moral responsibility (Day et al., 2014).


Authority as another component of leadership is about reason, and for the category situations that intention is demonstrated in educational administration. While solid educational administration underpins the way a situation works, it is likewise recognized that compelling leaders do numerous different things. At last, authority inside the locale is a voyage of joint request, investigation and reflection that can include everybody who trusts in having any kind of impact for children’s (Waniganayake, 2014), and educators anticipate being partners in this team.


Discussion


Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) and Researching Effective Pedagogy in the Early Years (REPEY) guidelines stated that different leadership roles are required for every school at the beginning of child development. Through leadership role, children receive a good set-round progress. There is relatively weak leadership and staff connection. Effective interaction between practitioners and pupils see that the educational and social development is complementarily approached (Moon, 2004). Parents and practitioners with continuous exchange of thoughts achieve a balanced pupil support and freedom of choice between plays and group activities led by practitioners. It can be assessed according a formative evaluation so as to get individual needs. Appropriate teaching practitioners have a great understanding of the content. These practitioners are trained as a leader and a unique quantity of the teaching staff is settled in this kind of adaption (Stacey, 1991).


Challenges of leadership in early years

Encouraging and facilitating parent partnership


Parents and families are generally the most critical impacts in a kid’s life. Their backing can assume an essential part during all phases of training. Parents who tackle a strong part in their kid’s learning have any kind of effect in enhancing accomplishment and conduct. The dynamic association of folks in the life of the school can help advance a learning group in which pupils can captivate emphatically with school staff and their companions. Schools can advantage from creating positive associations with parents by including them in all choices influencing their children’s instruction and learning (Nutbrown, C et al, 2006). Captivating with parents provides for them the opportunity to comprehend the part that they play in their kid’s learning and improvement and cultivates parental inclusion Devos, Tuytens, & Hulpia, 2014).


As officially noted, significant parts of the writing on parental engagement survey the connections between engagement and scholastic accomplishment. There is a danger in any case that parents may put unreasonable weight on understudies to scholastically exceed expectations. This may be impeding to youngsters’ prosperity, as there is expanding distinction that an absence of social and passionate skill can unfavorably influence understudy prosperity and by and large scholastic accomplishment (Wolfensberger et al., 2010).  There is proof that the reconciliation of social and passionate projects into the most extensive school educational program can have a positive impact on scholarly accomplishment and well-being. While the child rearing practices alluded to as scholastic socialization have been demonstrated to prompt better scholarly results, any parental engagement procedure ought to be tempered by a valuation for the need to encourage the improvement of understudies’ wellbeing all the more extensively (Waniganayake, 2014).


Distributed Leadership between staff


Distributive authority is not just an authoritative plan. It is positively not a methodology whereby a main representatives obligations to others. Rather, it is more of an outlook or a viewpoint which can discover statement in distinctive ways. Spillane et al. (2004), case in point, stretch the social measurement through which the work of different people communicates, by and large, as an initiative capacity (Siraj-Blatchford, & Manni, 2007).


Crucial to it is an ethos of imparted obligation which, thus, supports activities filling a typical need. It thrives in an atmosphere of trust, backing, and openness to new learning. Distributive administration extends the premise for choice making and makes a compliment regulatory structure (Dunlop, 2008). Accordingly, every individual has more prominent chances to help the benefit of everyone in ways that will improve learning and instructing as well as the hierarchical adequacy of the school. There is a need to know that such elements as inactivity, over-mindfulness and shakiness will restrain a few people from reacting emphatically to difficulties going with initiative chances of this kind (Godfrey, 2014).


Where a distributive administration mentality is grasped, and its chances are reacted to, the essential has the capacity to be more specific in committing time to those administration capacities, for instance in the social space, which may have a huge vital effect on the life of the school. There are liable to be extremely positive results for staff, too (Bush & Glover, 2003). Chances to exercise activity and obligation in an empowering environment can incredibly help in the expert improvement of people. Staff spirit and the social side of school life by and large can be improved (Bennet, Wise & Wood, 2003). Essential however the majority of this is, it is auxiliary to the foreseen enhanced learning results of understudies, coming about because of the improvement of new teaching methods and learning plans that are in amicability with contemporary understanding of what constitutes and helps quality learning furthermore instructing (Solly, 2003).


Encouraging Reflection in professional practice


The claim of the utilization of intelligent practice for instructors is that as showing and learning are unpredictable, and there is not one right approach, reflecting on diverse variants of educating, and reshaping past and current encounters will prompt change in showing practices. Schön’s appearance in real life helps educators in making the expert information that they will pick up from their involvement in the classroom an unequivocal piece of their choice making (Leithwood et al., 2006).


As per Paterson and Chapman (2013), reflection and gaining for a fact is key to staying responsible and keeping up and creating the fitness all through your practice. Without reflection, one as a professional are not ready to look equitably at the moves or make into record the feelings, experience, or reactions from your activities to enhance your practice. Through the procedure of reflection instructors are then considered responsible for their instructing practice to understudies, folks, organization, and all intrigued state holders; to the norms of practice for educating- responsibility for understudies and understudy learning, proficient information, expert practice, initiative in learning groups, and continuous expert learning (NAEYC, 1993). Reflection is an imperative procedure of gaining as a matter of fact that permit you to advance as a professional; through gaining from past encounters, it permits you to create an all the more through construction for practice (Hallinger, Heck, & Murphy, 2014).


Through reflective practice, one as an instructor are conferring oneself to learners’ learning; one get thinking once again about the practice and pondering how one have underpinned learners through treating them fairly and with deference and are touchy to elements that impact singular understudy taking. The capacities upheld understudy learning give the majority of learners with a section point to teach (Barker, 2003). Through intelligent practice one are pondering the expertise learning and expert practice; one is taking a gander at how one instruct and the data and types of learning you are bring to the learners, and investigating whether one is present and if the methods for educating is having an effect on learners discovering that they will have the capacity to interpret into future attempts (Elfer, P et al, 2003). On the opportunity that it is not the case, than tending to the standard of progressing proficient learning, one take a gander at and attempting to perceive where one have to improve on realizing, so it had a greater advantage to learners’ learning (Whitman, 1853). What’s more, educators are the pioneers in their learning groups; it is from their signs and demeanor that their learners create from. Through reflection, and imparting this to the learner, one is indicating solid authority in light of the fact that it demonstrates that one is ready to gain from the mix-ups and enhance the practice for those influenced (Jennifer & Karrie, 2013).


As Fasoli, Scrivens and Woodrow,(2007) contends, reflective practice moves instructors from their insight base of different aptitudes to a stage in their professions where they find themselves able to adjust their abilities to suit particular settings and circumstances and in the end to create new strategies. In executing a methodology of Reflective Practice educators will have the capacity to move themselves, and their schools, past existing hypotheses in practice. Fasoli, Scrivens and Woodrow,(2007)  infers that educators ought to “oppose creating a classroom society of control and turn into an intelligent specialist, constantly taking part in a discriminating reflection, thus staying liquid in the element environment of the classroom (Fasoli, Scrivens, & Woodrow,2007).


Conclusion


According to the talk of right on time adolescence experts, has changed from childcare laborers to instructors and that this is a piece of developing an insightful base for the early youth calling. The voices “love” as a true blue piece of right on time adolescence have. In belligerence for another meaning of professionalism to fit the early adolescence work, by augmentation the suggestion is for new ideas of administration too. She led an overview of morals and professionalism which meant to build a grounds-up meaning of professionalism, and discovered three key topics in childcare educators’ announcements about what is important in professionalism in the early youth field: these were instructional method, proficient information and abilities, and synergistic connections including administration. In this last topic instructors felt it was imperative to have the capacity to exhibit initiative by showing administration information and abilities, having the capacity to eloquent concerns in a certain way, exhibiting a learning of momentum instructive research, and being mindful of the instructive political environment. Distributive authority ought, not to be seen as a discrete hierarchical methodology. Rather, it is the scope of practices and activities which reflect an outlook connecting backing, coordinated effort, activity, imparted understandings and reason, sensible workloads also school change. Its common home is inside a really genuine instructive group whose center is learning and instructing.


The middle leadership can’t be accomplished singularly through educating of skills and hypotheses of administration and administration. It must coordinate aptitudes, for example, aggregate information request and expert discussions. It is the vicinity of an aggregate request and coordination that is essential for the advancement of an inventive and learning school.

In such a milieu, the procedure of learning is realized by chipping away at a shared educational program extend that includes between orders. It includes the exercises of taking an interest schools, higher foundations of learning, government and help organizations, and outside associations and people. A sign of initiative, in this manner, is the capacity to team up with others. Educator pioneers must enroll associates to backing their vision, manufacture accord among assorted gatherings of instructors, and persuade others regarding the significance of what they are proposing and the plausibility of their general arrangement for development. They must be regarded for their own instructional abilities. They likewise must comprehend confirmation and data and perceive the need to spotlight on those parts of the school’s program that will yield essential increases in understudy learning. Various qualities and airs make certain people in a perfect world suited for educator authority. Successful instructor pioneers are liberal and aware of others’ perspectives. They show idealism and excitement, certainty and definitiveness. They drive forward and don’t allow setbacks to crash a vital activity they are seeking after. Then again, they are adaptable and ready to attempt an alternate methodology if the first exertion runs into road obstructions.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


References


Appleby, K. (2010) Reflective thinking; reflective practice, in M. Reed and N. Canning (eds) Reflective Practice in the Early Years. London: Sage


AUBREY, C., (2011) Leading and Managing in the Early Years. London: Sage


Barker. D (2003). Lost in Quality Emergent leadership. National College for School Leadership.


Bennet. N, Wise.C, & Wood. P (2003). Distributed Leadership. National College for School Leadership.


Bolton, G., 2005. Reflective Practice in the Early Years. 2nd edition. London: Sage.


Browne, A., 2004. Parents and Teachers Working Together. In: Browne, A., and Haylock, D., eds. Professional Issues for Primary Teachers. London: Paul Chapman, pp 85-101.


Bush. T & Glover. D, (2003). School Leadership. Concept and Evidence.


Carpenter, B. (2005) Early childhood intervention: possibilities prospects for professionals, families and children, British Journal of Special Education , 32(4): 176-183.


Clegg, S., Tan, J. and Saeide, S. (2002) Reflecting or acting? Reflective practice and continuing professional development in higher education, Reflective Practice, 3(1): 131-146.


Cooper, J. and Stevens, D. (2006) Journal keeping and academic work: four cases of higher education professionals, Reflective Practice , 7(3): 349- 366.


Cowan, J. and Westwood, J. (2006) Collaborative and reflective professional development: a pilot, Active Learning in Higher Education, 7(1): 63-71 .


Davies. R, (2008). The Jamaica Early Childhood Curricullum for Children Birth to five years. Aconceptual framework. Dudley Grant Memory Trust in Collaboration with the Minsitry of Education.


Day, D. V., Fleenor, J. W., Atwater, L. E., Sturm, R. E., & McKee, R. A. (2014). Advances inmleader and leadership development: A review of 25years of research and theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), 63-82.


Developing reflective practice in the early years – Paige-Smith, Alice, Craft, Anna 2011. Maidenhead: Open University. 2nd edition.


Devos, G., Tuytens, M., & Hulpia, H. (2014). Teachers’ Organizational Commitment:Examining the Mediating Effects of Distributed Leadership. American Journal of Education, 120(2), 205-231.


Digman, C., Soan, S., 2008. Working with Parents. London: Sage Publications.


Dunlop. W.A, (2008). A Literature Review on Leadership in the Early Years.


educational environment cultivating a research-engaged school culture. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 1741143213508294.


Elfer, P et al, (2003) “What is the Key Person Approach?” from Elfer, P; Goldschmied, E; Selleck, D, Key Persons in the Nursery pp.18-28, London: David Fulton


Fasoli, L., Scrivens, C., & Woodrow, C. (2007). Challenges for leadership in Aotearoa/New Zealand and Australian early childhood contexts. In L. Keesing-Styles & H. Hedges (Eds), Theorizing early childhood practice: Emerging dialogues. Sydney, NSW: Pademelon Press.


Godfrey, D. (2014). Leadership of schools as research-led organisations in the English


Hallinger, P., Heck, R. H., & Murphy, J. (2014). Teacher evaluation and school improvement:An analysis of the evidence. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 26(1), 5-28.


Hilary Fabian and Claire Mould. 2009. Development and Learning in Very Young children. London: Sage.


Howes, C., et al., 2008. Ready to learn? Children’s pre-academic achievement in pre-kindergarten programs. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 23 (1), pp.27-50.


Jeni Riley, 2007. Learning in the Early years.London: Paul Chapman 2nd


Jennifer L. Jones & Karrie A. Jones (2013): Teaching Reflective Practice: Implementation in theTeacher-Education Setting, The Teacher Educator, 48:1, 73-85).


Jillian, Rodd., 2013. Leadership in early childhood. 4th edition. Maidenhead: Open University Press.


Johns, C. (2004) Becoming a Reflective Practitioner , 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.


Leithwood, K., Day, C., Sammons, P., Harris, A., & Hopkins, D. (2006). Seven strong claimsabout successful school leadership. England: National College for School Leadership.


Liz Brooker. 2008. Supporting transitions in the early years. Chapter-3 Bridging Cultures: home, pre-school and school – (electronic resource). Maidenhead: Open University.. Pp. 55- 74.


Miller, L. and Cameron, C., (2013) International Perspectives in the Early Years. London: Sage


Mitgang, L. (2012). The making of the principal: Five lessons in leadership training. Perspective:The Wallace Foundation, June.


Moon, J. (2004) A Handbook of Reflective and Experiential Learning . London: Routledge Falmer.


Moss, P. (2004) Getting beyond childcare, quality . . . the Barcelona targets. Paper presented at the Developments about ECEC and Related Policy and Research Conference, 23 November, The Netherlands.


Moyles, Janet. 2007. Early Years Foundations: Meeting The Challenge.  Open University Press.


NAEYC, (1993). A Conceptual Framework for Early Childhood Professional Development.National Association for the Education of Young Children 1509 16th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036-1426.


Nutbrown, C et al, (2006) “Including Children” from Nutbrown, C, Inclusion in the Early Yearspp.71 94, London: Sage Publications Ltd Ofsted. Leadership in Schools. National College for School Leadership.


Page. A., and Millar, C., 2009. School-parent partnership: a short guide, research and policy for the real world. London: The Family and Parenting Institute.


Paige-Smith, A. and Rix, J. (2006) Parents perceptions and children’s experiences of early intervention inclusive practice? Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, NASEN , 6(6): 92-98.


Pollard, A. (ed.) (2002) Readings for Reflective Teaching . London: Continuum.


Pound, L. (2008) Leadership in the early years, in L. Miller and C. Cable (eds) Professionalism in the Early Years . London: Hodder Arnold.


Pound, L. and Joshi, U. (2005) Management, teamwork and leadership, in L. Dryden, R. Forbes, P. Mukherji and L. Pound (eds) Essential Early Years . London: Hodder Arnold.


Pugh, Gillian., Duffy, Bernadette, 2010. Contemporary issues in the early years. 5th edition. London: Sage


Siraj-Blatchford, I., & Manni, L. (2007). Effective leadership in the early years sector: TheELEYS study. London: Institute of Education, University of London.


SIRAJ-BLATCHFORD, I., and MANNI, L., (2007) Effective leadership in the early years sector. London: IOE.


Siraj-Blatchford, I., Sylva, K., Muttock, S., Gilden, R. and Bell, D. (2002) Researching Effective Pedagogy in the Early Years . London: Institute of Education/Dept of Educational Studies, Oxford.


Smidt, Sandra, 2010. Key issues in early years education: a guide for students and practitioners. 2nd edition. London: Routledge.


Solly. K, (2003). What do early years leaders do to maintain and enhance the significance of theearly years?


Waniganayake, M. (2014). Being and Becoming Early Childhood Leaders: Reflections onLeadership Studies in Early Childhood Education and the Future Leadership Research Agenda. Journal of Early Childhood Education Research, 3(1), 66-81.


Ward, U., Goodliff. L., and Goodliff, G., ed., 2009. Working with Parents in Early Years Settings. London: Sage Publications.


Wheeler, H., Connor, J., and Goodwin, H., 2009. Parents, Early Years and Learning: Parents as Partners in the Early Years Foundation Stage. London: The National Children’s Bureau.


Whitman.W, (1853). Leadership Development and personal effectiveness. National College for School Leadership.


Wolfensberger, B., Piniel, J., Canella, C, & Kyburz-Graber, R. (2010). The challenge of involvement in reflective teaching. Three case studies from a teacher education project of conducting classroom discussions on socio-scientific issues. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(3): 714-721.


Ziek, P., & Smulowitz, S. (2014). The impact of emergent virtual leadership competencies on team effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 35(2), 106-120.


 



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The International Accounting Standards Board(Iasb) argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

The International Accounting Standards Board(Iasb)


 


The international accounting standards board(IASB) was established in 2001. It is a part of the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC). It has the duty of developing and approving International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) and the relevant documents which includes the framework for the preparation and presentation of financial statements, exposure drafts and any other related documents. It is also involved in promoting harmonization of regulations, accounting standards and procedures regarding the presentation of financial statements. When presenting a financial report or statement, IASB has several standards it has approved which includes paragraphs in bold type indicating the main principles and others in plain type of which both should  have equal authority. The main purpose of financial statements is to give information regarding the financial position, its changes and performance of a business object which is essential to the users in making economic decisions. This involves use of various documents like the explanatory notes, income statements or profit and loss statements, balance sheet, accounting policies and cash flow statements.  The financial statements are prepared using the basic accounting knowledge apart from that for cash flow information.(Kluwer 2007, 26-27)


 


Objectives.


The international accounting standards board(IASB) has various objectives which it achieves by developing and publishing IFRSs.


To promote the use and application of IFRSs in financial reporting and general purpose financial statements as they apply to both.


To develop a single set of understandable and high quality universal accounting standards in the public interests requiring transparent information in financial statements and reporting to help all users make economic decisions.


The objectives recommends that similar events and transactions be accounted for and reported in a similar way whereas dissimilar events and transactions should be accounted for but be reported differently unless they are immaterial.


To  permit choices in accounting treatment  with the aim of reducing many treatments. Two of these accounting treatments are ‘benchmark treatment’ and the ‘allowed alternative treatment.


To make high quality “solutions to the national accounting standards, international accounting standards and international financial reporting standards.”(Kluwer 2007, 1)


 


Assumptions.


There are two assumptions applied in the preparation and presentation of financial statements namely the accruals basis of assumption and going-concern assumption.


Going concern.


A going concern is an entity which has no need or the intention to liquidate or to stop its operations within at least 12 months from the date shown on the balance sheet. Every management should check on the ability of an entity to continue as a going concern at each balance sheet date. Reasons for the entity to seize its ability as a going concern should be given. In a case where an entity ceases from being a going concern, financial statements should be prepared on a different methodology and this information disclosed whereby a defined description of the basis of preparation followed should be outlined. This assumption should not be used to prepare any entity’s financial statements where the management determines that it intends to liquidate the entity.


Accruals basis.


Costs and revenues are established  or recognized as if earned under the accrual basis of accounting. Events and transactions of every  period should be reflected by the net profit which helps in assessing the the financial position and the performance of an entity. The relevant standards provides specific provisions concerning the relevant timing of recognition and measurement on accrual basis. The principle associated with accrual basis is not an a underlying assumption. In accounting records and the financial statements expenses are recorded as incurred. Therefore, an expense should be realized in the income statement in association with the earning of specific items of income hence recognition of related income. If costs meet the asset recognition criteria, they should be considered as an asset. Costs on the balance sheet should not be differed on the basis of  matching them to the future revenues.(Tim 2004, 169)


 


THE FOUR PRINCIPAL QUALITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The four principal qualitative characteristics of financial statements are as follows:


Understandability.


The financial information should be readily understandable to the users. It is assumed that all users are financially literate hence any the relevant information should not be left out however complex it may look, because of its importance in economic decision making.


 


Relevance.


For the financial statements to be useful, they must carry information that is relevant to the needs of the economic decision makers. Omission or misstatement of the information may affect the users when they fail to get the intended point the information was to convey.


 


Reliability.


Financial information should be reliable to the users on top of being relevant. Reliability means that the information is free form material errors and bias. This is characterized by prudence, faithful representation, neutrality  and completeness of the information whereby no points are left hanging, misstatement, misspellings  or any other mistake or error distorting the information.


 


Comparability


The users should be able to compare financial statements across different periods of time where the different policies applied should also be wholly disclosed. It should enable the users to compare statements of different entities including the comparative figures. Comparability is characterized by the reporting of corresponding information for preceding periods.(Catherine 2007, 5-7)


 


REFERENCES


Catherine, G. (2007), “CIMA Learning System : Financial statements,” Publisher:Butterworth-Heinemann (5-7)


 


Tim, S. (2004), “Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting Publisher,” Publisher:Financial Times Prentice Hall (169)


 


(2007),”International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs):International Accounting Standards Board,” Publisher:Kluwer(26-27)


 


(2007),”A Guide Through International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs): International Accounting Standards Committee Foundation,” Publisher:Kluwer(1)


 


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


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Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


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What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


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When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

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We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


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Implications of the recent reforms to the Corporations Act essay help app: essay help app

 


Memorandum of Advice


TO: Sharon Strezleki, Partner

Monash Lawyers

FROM: Shyna Chow


SUBJECT: The implications of the recent reforms to the Corporations Act

DATE: 15th August 16, 2011


Fact                   


The recent reforms to the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) in Australia introduced the ‘two strikes and you’re out rule’; rule on declaration of the use of remuneration consultants; rule prohibiting the key management personnel and their closely relate parties from voting on remuneration reports and in the resolution to spill the board; rule prohibiting the key management personnel and their closely related parties from hedging their incentive on remuneration; and a requirement to obtain shareholder’s approval for declarations of “no vacancy” at an Annual General Meeting, (Alembakis 2011)


Implications of the reforms to executive remuneration


The introduced ‘two strike’ rule requires directors of public listed companies to stand for a re-lection if they fail to respond to shareholders’ concerns on remuneration report for two consecutive years.[1] This equips shareholders and stakeholders with a big axe which will enable them to wield against boards who disregard their unhappiness with regard to remuneration practices, (Lamont, 2011). Also, the directors of listed companies have to disclose information related to remuneration consultants. This implies that there exist criminal liabilities where directors get advice from remuneration consultants[2]. Further, the presence of rules on remuneration voting exclusion implies that any vote cast by key management personnel or their closely related parties will not be counted in determination of whether a resolution has passed,. Finally, the “no vacancy” rule leads to increased diversity among board members in listed companies, (Government of Australia, 2010). Generally, the implications of these amendments are summarized in a speech by Parliamentary Secretary David Bradbury that, “This bill will ensure that we have an internationally competitive system of executive remuneration that is transparent and accountable and that gives shareholders more power over the pay of company executives and directors,” (Alembakis 2011). However, as AICD (2010) points out, thee are loopholes in these new rules. For example, AICD notes that directors are already conversing with share holders in case their remuneration reports receive more than 25% votes against it. In addition, the mechanisms adopted under the “no vacancy” rule may hinder other market-led initiatives that are likely to be more effective in increasing diversity on boards. In this regard, it is advisable for the boards to retain the power to govern their practices which will enable them to act in the best interest of companies, (AICD, 2010).


The Centro and Fortescue decisions


Facts


In both the Centro and Fortescue cases, the federal court of Australia ruled that the directors of Centro properties group (CPG) had failed to take reasonable care and to show diligence in their approval of the financial statements which contained errors.[3]


Implications to the current governance practices of Tractors and Trucks Ltd


The decision held in the above cases conveys a clear message to the directors of Tractors and Trucks Ltd not to rely fully on the information provided to them by the management as well as to the opinions of the auditors while approving financial statements.[4] Rather, they should apply their judgement while reviewing financial statements provided to them for approval in order to determine whether the information contained in them and the opinions of auditors regarding that information are consistent with what they know and that material matters are not omitted. This stems from the fact that directors have an obligation to protect and promote a fair and reliable market for shares in the company.[5] In other words, they owe fiduciary obligation to apply their knowledge and skills to the financial statements of the company before they are presented to the market.


 Implications to the future desirable composition of the Board and key Committees


The decisions held in the two cases imply that in the future, the non-executive directors of Tractors and Trucks Ltd will really need to be independent from the management and free from any other business relationship that will be likely to materially interfere with the exercise of independent and unfettered judgement. As Austin and Ramsay argue, “non-executive directors can bring an independent and broad view to the board’s decision making as well as specialized experience and ability to review the performance of the company’s full-time managers.”[6]  Also, In order to safeguard the integrity of financial reporting, Tractors and Trucks Ltd will need to ensure that the company’s audit committee will be composed of independent persons with a range of qualifications, expertise and experience to discharge their mandate effectively. This will ensure compliance with disclosure rules in the Corporations Act that financial statements should be presented in a clear, precise and concise manner.[7]


The implications of Centro decision to Tractors and Trucks


The Centro decision puts limits to the extent to which the directors of Tractors and Trucks can rely on external advisers and on the management while approving financial statements.[8] The decision reinforces the fact that directors need to demonstrate a high degree of financial literacy, which they should extend as far as conventional accounting practices and basic accounting concepts are concerned.[9] Further, if the directors of Tractors and Trucks Ltd notice any error in draft financial statements brought to them for approval, they must question the management or the external advisors before making any approval. To ensure that these goals are attained, Tractors and Trucks need to ensure that directors of this company meet the minimum requirements of basic concepts and financial literacy to be in a position to question errors in financial statements brought to them for approval.[10]


Recent reforms on responsibilities and knowledge of non executive directors


According to Harrisch, a non-executive status does not give leeway to perform duties at a lesser standard than the executive status. .[11] In other words, as Austin and Ramsay argue, it would be unreasonable to expect all directors to have equal knowledge and experience of all activities of a company, but that does not mean that a lower standard of care should apply to non-executive directors than to executive directors.[12] Rather, under the amended Corporations Act 2001 (Cth), all directors are obligated to provide standard care regardless of whether one is an executive or a non-executive director. Therefore, all non-executive directors (like the executive directors) owe the basic obligation of monitoring the affairs of the company by maintaining high levels of awareness of the company’s activities and financial status.[13] As Harrisch asserts, “such knowledge is a necessary component of the director’s appraisal of and agreement to the company’s annual reporting requirements.”


Relevant law


Various changes were made to Corporations Act 2001 (Cth), leading to introduction of the new rules. The first change involved subsections 250R (2), and 250V (1) and section 250U of the act which introduces first ‘two strike’ rule.[14] Sections 206K, 206L and 206M require listed companies to declare the use of remuneration consultants. Section 250R (4)-(10) prohibits key management personnel and also their closely related parties from voting on a spill resolution.[15]


The Centro decision was in accordance with section 344 (1) of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth), which provides that directors should take all necessary steps to ensure compliance with, or to comply with the financial reporting obligations stipulated by the Act.[16] In the Fortescue case, the federal court established that FMG contravened section 674(2) of the Corporations Act which stipulates that public companies should notify the market of any information that is not generally available for disclosure. In addition, the company contravened section 1041H which prohibits an individual or a company from engaging in deceptive or misleading conduct in relation to a financial service or product.[17] In both cases, the omissions were in violation of sections180 (1) and 601FD (1) (b) of the Act which require directors and other officers in governance to demonstrate a high degree of care and diligence in making approval to statements or reports of a company[18]


Conclusion


In conclusion, the recent reforms to the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) have led to increased corporate credibility and transparency in and increases the voice of shareholders and stakeholders the process of executive remuneration. However, there are still loopholes in the amendments which may affect effective application of the new rules, which may be resolved by giving boards power to govern their practices which will enable them to act in the best interest of companies. As noted in the above argument, the Centro and Fortescue decisions demonstrate that directors can establish and supervise processes within companies but unavoidably, they are part of the process and thus, still have a fiduciary obligation to exercise reasonable care and diligence. The decisions held in both cases send a clear message to Tractors and Trucks Ltd regarding the importance of the fundamental legal requirement that financial statements and reports must present fair information with high regard to their impact on the decisions of the users, especially the shareholders.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Letter of advice to Tractor and Trucks Ltd


Shyna Chow

Lawyers and Notaries

131 Wellington Road

VIC 3113


Ph +61433932206

Email: [email protected]


Name of Director

Director

Tractor and Trucks Ltd.

Address


Dear Sir/ Madam,


Re: The possible legal ramifications of a recent decision of the board


Fact


The recent decision of the board of Tractors and Trucks Ltd to approve a $2 million payment to Jian Fu Tractors Ltd in response to a recommendation by Mr. Alphonse Pennyweather, the Technical Manager of the company involves a breach on fiduciary obligations. Given that this took place after the Centro case, the decision of the board of Tractors and Trucks Ltd has possible regal ramifications to the board and to Mr. Pennyweather.


Legal issue


Two legal issues arise in this case. The first pertains to the possible legal liability of the non-executive directors concerning their move to approve the proposal at face value. A second issue which is evident in this case concerns the potential regal liabilities of Mr. Pennyweather under the aforementioned circumstances.


Regarding the possible legal liability of the non-executive directors, Tractors and Trucks Ltd need to understand that the non-executive owe fiduciary duty to demonstrate care and diligence in their work similar to the standard required of the executive directors as provided for under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). Further, the Act provides that company directors should make independent and informed assessment in the context of the director’s position and the complexities of a company’s operations before approving financial statements.  In this case, the non-executive directors relied on the judgement of the Technical Manager, Mr. Alphonse Pennyweather and approved the recommended proposal at face value. This explains the fact the non-executive directors of Tractors and Trucks Ltd breached the law of fiduciary obligations by approving the contract at face value.


Similarly, Mr. Pennyweather’s engagement clearly contravened the law of fiduciary obligations embodied in the amended Corporations Act 2001. This law provides that the key management personnel have a fiduciary duty to avoid engagements that may result into conflict of one’s interest and with the interests of those that one is bound to protect. In this case, the Technical Manager of Tractors and Trucks Ltd Mr. Pennyweather received an ex-gratia payment of US $ 250, 000 from Jian Fu Tractors Ltd in order to put forward the proposal and recommend it to the board. That way, he intended to make an undisclosed profit out of the company’s dealings. In this regard, it would be appropriate to say that Mr. Pennyweather contravened the law of fiduciary obligations.


Application of law to facts


Several laws are applicable to this case. To start with, sections 181 of the amended Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) stipulate that all officers of a company owe the fiduciary duty to demonstrate care and diligence in their dealings with company matters. This section is relevant to the actions of the non-executive directors who demonstrated lack of care and diligence while approving the proposal by the technical manager. On the other hand, Section 183 of the act stipulates that an officer or an employee of a company must not use their positions improperly so as to gain profit themselves or to damage the company. The engagement by Mr. Pennyweather violated this rule since it leads to a conflict of interest between him and Tractors and Trucks Ltd.


Conclusion and options


In conclusion, the move by the non-executive directors of Tractors and Trucks Ltd the $2 million to approve the contract with Chinese registered company, Jian Fu Tractors Ltd amounted to violation of fiduciary duty of care and diligence provided for under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). By approving the proposal from the technical manager without checking its merits, the directors violated the principle that they ought to make informed judgement based independent and informed assessment of the proposal. Mr. Pennyweather also violated the law of fiduciary obligations by acting in self-interest at the expense of the company.


Recommendations


The only option of Tractors and Trucks Ltd is to find the best remedy to the issue as provided for under the fiduciary law. In this case, one of the best remedies would involve rescission of the contract. Another option is to hold the non-executive directors liable make compensation to the company should any damage arise from this contract. Regarding Mr. Pennyweather, Tractors and Trucks Ltd has an option to strip him of the secret payment from the Chinese company regardless of whether the company makes profits or losses.


Yours sincerely,


Shyna Chow


 


References


Articles/ Books/ Reports


Alembakis, R., (2011), “two strikes” policy for directors over executive remuneration, [Accessed


9 september 2011], http://www.thesustainabilityreport.com.au/two-strikes-policy-for-directors-over-executive-remuneration/27/


Austin R. P. & Ramsay, I. M, (2010), Ford’s Principles of Corporations Law (14 edition), LexisNexis Butterworths, Australia.


Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD, (2010), AICD welcomes improvement in two strikes policy, [Accessed 9 September 2011] http://www.companydirectors.com.au/General/Header/Media/Media-Releases/2010/AICD-welcomes-improvement-in-two-strikes-policy


Australian Securities Exchange (ASX), (2010), Corporate Governance Council, Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations (2nd ed. 2007), [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.asx.net.au/documents/about/cg_principles_recommendations_with_2010_amendments.pdf


Commercial Lawyers “Proposed Changes to the Regulation of Executive Remuneration” (2011) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.addisonslawyers.com.au/documents/doc-161-proprosed-changes.pdf
Fridman, S. (1998) “An Analysis of the Proper Purpose Rule” [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/BondLRev/1998/11.html
Government of Australia, (2010), Executive Remuneration in Australia, [Accessed 9 september
2011], http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/inquiry/executive-remuneration/report

 


Hicks, A. & Goo, S. H. (2008), Cases and materials on company law, Oxford University Press, New York
Hill J. G., (not dated), Regulatory Responses to Global Corporate Scandals, Wisconsin International Law Journal, 23(3), 367-416
Lamont, L., (2011), CEO pay doubles in decade, [Accessed 9 september 2011],
http://www.smh.com.au/executive-style/management/ceo-pay-doubles-in-decade-20110906 1jv4x.html
Thomsons Lawyers, (2011), corporate alert, A director’s duty to review accounts – the Centro decision, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.thomsonslawyers.com.au/awms/Upload/Files/publications/2011/Corporate%20Alert%20-%20A%20director%27s%20duty%20to%20review%20accounts%20-%20the%20Centro%20decision%20July%202011.pdfs

Case Law


Downie, A., (2011) The Centro matter: ASIC v Healey [2011] FCA 717 and breach of director’s duties, [Accessed 15 august 2011], http://www.the-civil-lawyer.net/2011/06/centro-matter-asic-v-healey-2011-fca.html

Federal Court of Australia, (2011), Australian Securities and Investments Commission v


Fortescue Metals Group Ltd [2011] FCAFC 19 (18 February 2011), [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/FCAFC/2011/19.htm


Fletcher, G., (2011), ASIC v Fortescue Metals Group Ltd [2011] FCAFC 19, [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.bransgroves.com.au/corporations/asic-v-fortescue-metals-group-2011-fcafc-19.html
Harrisch (2009) Australian corporate law: Director’s and officer’s duties, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.scribd.com/doc/53908577/Harrisch16
Leibler, A. B., (2011a), the Centro decision: ASIC v Healey, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote210711.pdf
Leibler, A. B., (2011b) ASIC wins in Fortescue Metals appeal: Clarity on interpreting continous disclosure requirements under the Corporations Act, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote020311.pdf
Lowry, J., (2004), The Recognition of Directors Owing Fiduciary Duties to Creditors – RePantone 485 Ltd and Colin Gwyer & Associates Ltd v London Wharf (Limehouse) Ltd, International corporate rescue journal, 1(1), available from, http://www.chasecambria.com/site/journal/article.php?id=83
 Legislation

Australian Securities Exchange (ASX), (2004) Principle 4: Safeguard integrity in financial reporting, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://asx.ice4.interactiveinvestor.com.au/ASX0701/Corporate%20Governance%20Principles/EN/pdf_pages/page_0027.pdf


Commonwealth Consolidated Acts, (2001) Corporations Act 2001,  [Accessed 15 august 2011]


http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca2001172/s250u.html


Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Corporate Law Economic Reform Program, Paper No. 3


(Directors’ Duties and Corporate Governance: Facilitating Innovation and Protecting Investors, 1997 [Accessed 15 august 2011]

http://www.treasury.gov.au/documents/264/PDF/clerp.pdf


Constitution of the Registered Company, (not dated), [Accessed 15 august 2011]


http://www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/qanda/sample_chapters/judge_ch02.pdf


Parliament of Australia, (2011), corporations Amendment (Improving Accountability on


Director and Executive Remuneration) Bill 2011, [Accessed 15 august 2011], http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/bd/2010-11/11bd083.pdf


Parliament of Australia, (1998), Explanatory Memorandum, Company Law Review Act (1998) (Cth), [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/bd/1997-98/98bd133.htm

Other Sources


Austin and Black “Division 1 – General duties [ss 180–190B]: officers and employees”


[Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.lexisnexis.com.au/pdf/austin-black-sample-annotation_s180.pdf


Comino, V, (not dated), The Challenge of Corporate Law Enforcement in Australia, [Accessed 15 august 2011], http://www.clta.edu.au/professional/papers/conference2009/CominoCLTA09.pdf
Deringer F. B, (2004) Directors’ duties in a group Situation, [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.freshfields.com/publications/pdfs/practices/8061.pdf
Larelle C. & Phillip, L. (2002) Corporate Authority and Dealings with Officers and Agents (1st ed 2002), [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://cclsr.law.unimelb.edu.au/files/1010-Law_Mono21.pdf


 


[1] Commercial Lawyers “Proposed Changes to the Regulation of Executive Remuneration” (2011) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.addisonslawyers.com.au/documents/doc-161-proprosed-changes.pdf


[2] Austin and Black “Division 1 – General duties [ss 180–190B]: officers and employees” [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.lexisnexis.com.au/pdf/austin-black-sample-annotation_s180.pdf


[3] A B Leibler (The Centro decision: ASIC v Healey, 2011) [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote210711.pdf
[4] A B Leibler (The Centro decision: ASIC v Healey, 2011) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote210711.pdf

[5] R P Austin & I M Ramsay, Ford’s Principles of Corporations Law 14th ed (LexisNexis Butterworths, Australia, 2010)


 


[6] R P Austin & I M Ramsay (above)


[7] Ibid


[8] A Downie, (The Centro matter: ASIC v Healey [2011] FCA 717 and breach of director’s duties, 2011) [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.the-civil-lawyer.net/2011/06/centro-matter-asic-v-healey-2011-fca.html

[9] A B Leibler (The Centro decision: ASIC v Healey, 2011) [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote210711.pdf


[10] R P Austin & I M Ramsay (above)


[11] Harrisch, (Australian corporate law: Director’s and officer’s duties, 2009) [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.scribd.com/doc/53908577/Harrisch16

[12] R P Austin & I M Ramsay (above)


[13] Austin and Black (above)


[14] Parliament of Australia, Corporations Amendment (Improving Accountability on Director and Executive Remuneration) Bill 2011 (2011) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/bd/2010-11/11bd083.pdf


[15] J G Hill, “Regulatory Responses to Global Corporate Scandals,” (Wisconsin International Law Journal 23( 3): 394.
[16] Commonwealth Consolidated Acts, (Corporations Act 2001, 2001) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca2001172/s250u.html

[17] Commonwealth Consolidated Acts, (Corporations Act 2001, 2001) [Accessed 15 August 2011] http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca2001172/s250u.html


[18] A B Leibler (The Centro decision: ASIC v Healey, 2011) [Accessed 15 august 2011] http://www.abl.com.au/ablattach/ablcasenote210711.pdf



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The implications of counterfeit markets descriptive essay help: descriptive essay help

 


RLUT Task 1


Name


Institution affiliation


Date


 


Introduction


This document is going to explain in finer details the implications of counterfeit markets and thus may provide detailed information of how to control them. Counterfeit markets have been recorded to be the den of activities and it has been jolted down that it leads to the drainage of economic money as it promotes fake products which are generally short-lived. These products have been found out to be deceiving the customers as they cannot really differentiate them (Pacula, 2012).


Stern action is the only way out of this situation as it has been proved that it’s hard for a customer to assume a products that rhymes with tis income thus due to the hard economic times many have been found to use these products often. Recent studies have proved that these market cash in a lot of money which is greater than some of the developing countries pointing out that they are a profit staggering market where fats money is earned.


Education to the low income earners should be the first priority to eliminate them from the dangers associated with use of these products. This study aims at giving full details about the dangers of these products and the best way to evade using them.


Research done should be cross-checked to ensure and confirm whether all what was researched has been or is being followed. Following our review we found out that certain issues were found thus responsibility, truth and change were known to be the hardest principles that many are unable to follow and which need more time to instill to people. Change in peoples lifestyle has been affected thus many tend to rise and others fall. More friendly and better approach to curbing the vice should be thought of and put in place so that permanent solution to this is achieved.


Politicians, security and business people, have been found to have the greatest impact in the spread of counterfeit markets as in a bid to make more profits, and gain fame, business people bribe those in charge thus the passage of illegal goods and the spread of these markets. Security agencies also have become sluggish to fight this crime since they are paid huge sums of money so that they let all illegal goods and people to be shipped from one place to another. Politicians lack the moral value to fight off the vice amidst many talks that they make to impress the people (Stewart, Norwinski, & Franze, 2011).


Studies conducted proved that these markets pose a great danger to all sectors of the economy amidst them the fashion industry where many firms are forced to fire their employees due to minimal sales done thus fewer funds. It should be noted that this review tends to see what measures should be adopted to end this calamity which depletes the economy with every dawn. This research opts to see that all these changes are put in place and tends to put in place all those measure suggested by preceding researches (Pacula, 2012).


Conclusion


This research had its own objectives which it had promised to cover. The results were well received and the research accomplished its mission. This, however, was not without some setbacks which had proven to be solid but were later solved. The total research was one that was a success. However, these setbacks have become a lesson and have taught us various aspects which in case of another research cannot be a setback. Some of the setbacks include language barrier, time and geographical locations. These setbacks gave us the conclusion that in any other research these are evident. The finding, however, will be made available to all sponsors who helped make this research a success. The results were quite not as expected, but they really gave us an idea of what needed to be done to eliminate the markets. We thank the Almighty God who protected us through everything, our sponsors, those who sacrificed their time to make this a success and all those who were involved in making the research a success. The information will be available to the public if they want to have a look. Some of the results stated that all business people aspired that these markets end to help revitalize the markets and the economy as well. The public also hoped that these markets would be controlled, and bring an end to the spread of all illegal goods and people to help ease and end all the conflicts.


Visual aid


Graph outlining those involved in counterfeiting in percentage with regards to age


Graph outlining the increase in counterfeiting with regards to years


                                  


Graph indicating the percentage of those who practice counterfeiting with regards to social class


 


 


Visual Aid Script
There is sufficient evidence that counterfeiting has increased over the years. As indicated from the graph, people between the age of 26 and 35 are mostly associated with counterfeiting. The aid also indicates that hard economic times push people to practices that are malicious.  This shows the age bracket that should be tracked to help curb this vice. The aid also shows that with the fall of the recession, counterfeiting also falls. The aid also states that social class also determines and increases the rate of counterfeiting. This information was achieved after consecutive interviews with different people from different states and races. The importance of this data is to ensure that the people between these brackets have better jobs and employment that will them evade such malicious practices. This shows that women are mainly affected and that proper jobs to help alienate them from this practice are needed. This indicates that the economy should be regulated to avoid such incidences. The information also dictates that increase in economy helps raise the standards of the people resulting to reduced rate of this practice (Staake, & Fleisch, 2008).
Visual Aid rationale
The reason why I chose this method of using visual graph is for clarity. This information provides a clear indication to what is really taking place. The aid is used an extra material to help add more evidence to the research conducted. The reason why I chose to use the bar graph is because it presents information well in regards to the research. As indicated the aid shows how critical the practice of counterfeiting is in the world today.
Question asked and answered
# 1- Do you really see that the study will help alleviate the practice? Yes if measures proposed are put in to place, then change would be visible. This implies that the public should ensure that it also gets involved in ensuring that the proposed measures are achieved.
# 2-What hostility did you pass through as you did your study? The correspondents were not hostile thus they were very friendly. They spoke very well and were very welcoming. The people wanted to talk about their problems and they wanted them addressed.
# 3 What response do you think the government will take? The government just like other times will remain silent on the issue with a confronting message that it will help solve the problem.

Table outlining the increase in counterfeiting with regards to years





 


year
 


2008
 


2009
 


2010
 


2011
 


2012


percentage


 
 


40
 


45
 


60
 


63
 


59



Table outlining those involved in counterfeiting with regards to age





AGE


GENDER
 


18-25
 


26-35
 


35 AND ABOVE


 


MEN
 


 


39%


 
 


 


47%


 
 


 


14%


 


 


 


FEMALE
 


36%
 


54%
 


10%


 



Table indicating the percentage of those who practice counterfeiting with regards to social class





class
Poor
Rich


percentage
83%
17%



 


 


References


McCorkindale, S. (2008). Confessions of a counterfeit farm girl. New York: New American Library.


Pacula, R. L. (2012). An Alternative Framework for Empirically Measuring the Size of Counterfeit Markets. Cambridge, Mass: National Bureau of Economic Research.


Staake, T., & Fleisch, E. (2008). Countering counterfeit trade: Illicit market insights, best-practice strategies, and management toolbox. Berlin: Springer.


Stewart, C. A., Norwinski, E., & Franze, A. J. (2011). Brand integrity: Strategies for fighting contraband and counterfeit goods. Chicago, Ill: American Bar Association.


 



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The impact that the 2012 Olympic Games essay help: essay help

The impact that the 2012 Olympic Games on an organisation in Bedfordshire.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 INTRODUCTION                                                                                                     4


2.0 OPERATIONS                                                                                                           


3.0 BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


3.1.1 Macro-environmental factors                                                                                 5


3.1.2 Economical environments


3.1.3 Technological environment                                                                                     6


3.1.4 Demographic profiles                                                                                               7


3.1.5 Cultural environment


3.1.6 Political/environmental factors                                                                                8


3.1.7 Ecosystem


3.2. Micro-environmental factors


3.2.1 Suppliers


3.2.2 Market and intermediaries


4.0 HUMAN RESOURCES                                                                                               9


4.1 Volunteers                                                                                                                     10


4.2 Training


4.3 Minimizing risk


4.4 Outsourcing                                                                                                                  11


4.5 Committee


5.0 MARKETING


5.1 Sales approach                                                                                                              12


5.2 Advertising


5.3 Brand building                                                                                                             13


5.4 Public relations                                                                                                               13


5.5 Exhibitions


5.6 Internet marketing                                                                                                         14


5.7 Pull theory


5.8 Combination theory


6.0 CONCLUSION                                                                                                              15


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


1.0 INTRODUCTION


The word “Olympic games” will automatically bring change to any place if it’s to be brought there especially if it’s to an organization in a small town like Bedfordshire. This is due to the fact that such an event always brings a lot of attention and limelight to a place due to all the events taking place and the coverage given will automatically create a world wide marketing frenzy while the other effect will be a mad rush to create services required during the period. As an organization and such a big event coming to town it will result in a lot change in tact as a new market will emerge albeit a temporary one but with a lot opportunities as it will be a one in a life time chance to give the organization an international audience or clients and his will go a long way in determining whether the organization will grow or shrink after the event as new competition will emerge due to some of the foreign organizations coming during the period of the Olympics may decide to remain after its all over.1


2.0 OPERATIONS


The organization mainly deals with business offering goods and services. Due to these facts, the organization needs to have goals in terms of performance objectives. The objectives will include the speed in service delivery, the services and goods delivered should be of quality. The organization should be dependable for the clients and bye ensuring this it will always have a market. The cost is a key fact in any business any the cost for service delivery should not be higher than the expected returns to ensure the continuity of the organization because the reverse will result in collapse of the same due to losses. The event will definitely bring about an increased demand which will mean the more goods and services will be required hence the inventory in terms of supplies will be increased to cater for this gap. With this and the chance of some unexpected events arising due to many inconsistent variable s that may arise, this will result in coming or creation of contingency plans or measures to counter this .2


3.0 BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT


The business environment normally includes many aspects some internal and others external. Some of these factors include the environment that can and should be considered include the economic, political, social, technological, demographic, all of which can be classified as macro-environmental factors. The others factors which are classified as micro-economical include the suppliers, intermediary marketing and the market itself. The impact of the event will change the environment for business completely as due to the fact of being on the global scene, this will boost tourism and the end product will lead to tremendous change of the town in terms of business hence long term plans to be set up to cater for the same3 .


 


 


 


3.1. MACRO-ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS


3.1.1Economic environment


In this it include factors like the power to purchase of goods or the ability of consumers to spend. This will be heavily affected due to the fact that with the increased traffic or inflow of people to the town as the preparation for the upcoming events the cost of goods and services is bound to rise as the demand will go quite up and with such a small town, it will strain every organization. The result of this is the purchasing ability goes quite high hence the necessary action as an organization is to ensure there is adequate supply for the expected demand to avoid the event of a shortage.


3.1.2Technological environment


This mainly entails all the technology applied in a certain type of business and industry in relation to the time and age or is it up to date. The technology used by the organization should be ensured to be as up graded as possible to ensure that it will be able to match or at least cater for all new expected inflow of traffic and be very user friendly in terms of the client base. By ensuring this it will reduce the chance of missing a great business opportunity due to the lack of technological ability. Hence the best action is to ensure the organization has modern technology for ease of function.


3.1.3Demographic profiles


This is very crucial in any situation and it simply means that there are different types of people and they all can be classified in the form of race, skin tone, height, age, or sex. Due to these variations sometimes people want different products and services. The appropriate action to take is ensure a profiling is done on the expected arrivals for the event and what may be their personal preferences in terms of services or goods due to varied needs and ensure that its well taken care of  so as to have  products for all persons expected. Some of the factors to also not forget will include the change in trends due to such events and how it will affect organization are they positive or negative and what are some of the contingency measures to put in place. To be included will be translators to ensure situations don’t arise where the problem of communication comes up.3


3.1.4 Cultural environment


This is very tricky as most people have varied culture s and beliefs especially if they do not come from the same region geographically. Yet this is most crucial when planning for such competitions like Olympics as people who attend normally come from different parts of the world. By this they shall expect the treatment to be given to consider their culture, practice or religious beliefs which may shy upon some activities that may be normal. Due to these the need to consider all these factors have to put in place and done so keenly to avoid losing a certain group of people due to conflicts of idea or practice. To ensure that doesn’t happen, it’s advised that personalized services in such events should be paramount as people will vary from the way they carry themselves to what they eat or wear and all these have to be considered.


3.1.5Legal/political environment


This comes into play through the rules and regulations including by-laws set up by the government and local authorities in terms of the functions or services provided by the organization and how the same will be affected with coming of such a big event. If the relevant authorities plan to change the same then there is need to come up with measures to ensure that it’s met. Failure of which can easily lead to loss of license to partake in any business and such can lead to irreparable effects on the organization because all organizations must work under the set regulations and policies and all should be adhered to the letter.


3.1.6Ecosystem


The world is slowly changing to use of energy with low carbon output or otherwise known as eco-friendly energy or green energy. Due to the fact that the world will be watching such a small town due to its hosting of such a large event, the need to portray corporate social responsibility and give a good image by resorting to such energy will be good and lead to special recognition for the organization hence an indirect and cheap exposure as a way of marketing itself to the expected visitors.4


 


3.2.0 MICRO-ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS


3.2.1Suppliers


These are very important part of trade wand without them trade can’t take place. So the suppliers to any organization should ensure that they alerted of the expected changes to ensure it’s very steady and never runs out.5


3.2.2 Market and its intermediaries


These include all the middlemen involved in any trade who act as a bridge between organizations and areas of market or demand. These have to ensure to be running smoothly for the ease of movement of goods and services of any organization. For this to happen a proper link has to make available to ensure all the expected traffic that brings along demand is well placed resulting in maintained trade.


It’s very crucial to understand the environment as it will help in facilitating a few issues while reducing the risk of the organization being caught in a tight spot. Some of the issues why include:-



To prevent any future and unexpected liability and in any case for the occurrence of such, to have contingency measures.
Ensuring all the main and important parties are available for proper running of the organization and ensure the issue of under staffing doesn’t arise due to being overwhelmed.
Result I a better public image which will result in more awareness on the activities of the organization and this transparency will attract many clients.
This if executed well will result in increased output hence better profits, this being one of the key goals of running any organization that is doing business. 6

 


4.0 HUMAN RESOURCES


The coming of such an event will require massive human resource to help in catering for the unusual traffic that is brought due the large event in this case the Olympics. The organizations activities and services are bound to increase leading to a massive strain on the staff of the organization. Due to these a temporary recruitment has to be done to avoid these which would easily lead to a drop in terms of quality in relation to the services offered. One of the most difficult parts is managing all the events during such an event due to the competition and all the new factor.7


4.1 Volunteers


This is a good way of getting extra human resource in the organization. By this the organization to advertise for those interested in working with the organization on a voluntary basis to apply. Included in the advert is that it will be an enjoyable experience and will give an invaluable experience. After that is done they should undergo an initiation training to make them familiar with the organizations activities. The volunteers will be considered first in the organization wants to expand.8


4.2 Training


The event means that all kinds of people with different cultures, beliefs and practices. Due to this, all the staff in the organization have undergo a training on how to deal with foreigners as they normally deal with locals only hence to learn a different approach or learn to have a standard code that is accepted. After the training all the new have to be put under a more experienced manager who will monitor and coordinate all their activities during the peak time of the Olympics. The reason for training is guarantee the services by the organization will be not be affected but maintained throughout the period and even after.


4.3 Minimizing risk


The arrival of such an event will also bring about its fair share of disadvantages. First of all the increased traffic will lead to its security fears in the area. Hence the staff needs to be trained and given safety tips to avoid putting themselves in situations which will lead to occupational hazards as they will be on duty. If such an event occurs it will be a liability to the organization and due to expansion of activities to accommodate all the traffic the organization will already be stretched hence this should be avoided.


4.4 Outsourcing


If the work to be done during the event is too much or too complicated and training new staff will take too long or too costly, the process of outsourcing is a viable option. Buy this is there is a task to be done a different firm can be given a contract to do same. This can be advantaged because the outsourcing will go to experts who will ensure a quality result in terms of work done.


4.5 Committee


An organization normally has a devolved management system to ensure a maximum output in terms of productivity. Hence the need to establish a committee or special task force to be in charge and come up with a strategy that will best suit the upcoming event.8


5.0 MARKETING


The marketing is the way of ensuring you create awareness of the good and services offered by the organization and how to attract the clients to come for the same. The marketing plan that will be chosen to make sure it will be well implemented and successful. All this have to be properly and carefully planned to ensure success and by this a lot of factors will have to be considered.  The marketing process in normally a mix that will involve a combination of more than one skill and be affected by the following factors namely, products and services, the pricing, the distribution to be used and the methods of promotion to be employed. Marketing will be very crucial as there will b e other organizations looking to capture both the old and expected clients hence need to create awareness on your existence and services offered .9


5.1 Sales approach


The approach to be used has to be established. This will either be a selective, individual or an open kind of sales. The timeline of this is another thing that needs to be established. How long will it ate and how much will it take, who will be targeted.  A research or study needs to be done to establish what the most demanded goods are during the time period.


To ensure proper marketing, the marketing process should be well mixed to ensure that the right signal and message is given instead of mixed and confusing messages. The best approach to this obviously through the marketing department is to ensure that the organization establishes a niche I the market and by this it will cut down on the competition as it will already have a share of its own in the market.10


5.2 Advertising


To alert the new incoming traffic due to the event the best way to do this is via the media. This can be in print media or written paper. Through the usual customers will be reached and new clients will be established


5.3 Brand building


The brand should be packaged in a manner to attract the target client. The factors to be considered are the foreseen tribulations and how the same will be evaded. The brand should be of quality and best in the market as most people tend to go for the best brands and with such an international event being hosted. The organizers will want to attract organizations to be offering quality products hence the selection of the firm due to the same9


5.3 Public relations


The need to be in touch with all the relevant parties in the industry is crucial, this is due to the fact that. The best approach to this publicity and by this it’s always has an open door policy to all


People will feel part of the organization if they are always welcome.


5.4 Exhibitions/promotion


The display of the available products will increase the awareness on the available products. By this the clients or customers can ask any queries about the services offered. The promotions will be either in terms of raffles, price packs where an array of goods or services is offered at a cheaper price than usual. One crucial point about the promotions is can be used along with other forms of marketing or used alone. Through this the sales will go up as the packages are more attractive and cost effective.


5.5 Internet marketing


Due to the technological advancements in recent years many people are always on the internet hence making it one of the best ways to reach the intended client as its cheaper and more guaranteed. This can be done by using the lots of interactive sites in the internet as many are always on the social networking sites where reaching people will easier.


Some of the services required during the marketing will include marketing gurus who may come up with innovative ideas which are custom to the organization. This collaborated with the ideas with marketing departments will result in ideas considering the geographical region and demography of the current and expected customers or clients.


5.6 Pull theory


This is a theory that is derived from the process of if you increase the sales by marketing the product directly to customers. This will result in the customers demanding more of the product from the retailers and they in return will ask for more from the producer of the specific goods and services and the end result will be the rise n product sales. This will be an appropriate action and theory to be used in this case but the other alternative may be combination theory.


5.7 Combination theory


The theory is that which is where you combine the pull theory above of creating demand with the ‘push theory’ which is one which the producers produce a lot of goods and push them into the market via retailers by promising them incentives if their sales go up resulting in increased sales. If the conditions are not clear and the expected factors can not be predicted, then this is the best way to go about it as it leaves no room for any other option.10


 


6.0 CONCLUSION


The organization which mainly deals with production of goods while offering services will have to undergo a lot changes with the coming of the Olympics to the Bedfordshire town. This is because the event is a global event that will bring both policy and infrastructure change in the area. This is because the result of this will be increased competition and demand for goods and services. The organization will need to add more staff for to cater for the increased demands for services and contingency measures that will be taken to for the same. This will include increased output in terms of productivity in terms of goods and services. There will be need for marketing strategies and branding to ensure the organization gets maximum benefit from the same. The key to succeeding in this is the proper planning and setting up contingency measures to cater for all the change that will come along with such an event.


 


7.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY


1 Andranovich, G, Burbank, M, Heying, C. (2001) ‘Olympic Cities: Lessons Learned from Mega- Event


Politics’ Journal of Urban Affairs 23 (2): 113-131


2 Arens F. (1998) Contemporary Advertising. 7th ed. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill,


 


3 Belch, George E., and Michael A. (1998). Advertising and Promotion: An Integrated Marketing Communication Perspective. 4th ed. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill


4 Cashman, R (2004) ‘The Future of a Multi-Sport Mega-Event: Is there a Place for the Olympic Games in a ‘Post-Olympic’ World.  Post-Olympism? Questioning Sport in the 21st Century. (Eds.) J.


Bale, M. Krogh, I. Christensen. Oxford: Berg Press. Pp: 119-134.


 


5 Baade, R.  (2006) ‘The Economic Impact of Mega-Sporting Events’ Handbook on the


Economics of Sport. (Eds.) W. Andreff & S. Szymanski. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Pp: 177-182.


6 Cutlip, Scott M., Allen H. Center, and Glen M. Broom (1999). Effective Public Relations. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.


 


7Coaffee, J (2007) Urban Regeneration and Renewal in Olympic Cities: City Agendas, Planning


and the World’s Games. (eds.) J. Gold & M. Gold. London & New York: Routledge. Pp: 150-162


 


8Drummond, S. Anderson, H. (2004) Service quality and managing your people. Festival and Events Management. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann


9Yosie S. (2009) HR concerns about 2010 Olympics HRinfodesk viewed on 10/02/201http://www.hrinfodesk.com/preview.asp?article=31231&title=HR%20concerns%20about%202010%20Olympics


Cuts D. (2005) Business Environment. Articlesnatch.com retrieved on 10/02/2011 < http://www.deakin.edu.au/current-students/study-support/study-skills/handouts/oxford-docnote.php>


10 Hamlyn PL, Hudson ZL (2005) 2012 Olympics: Who Will Survive? British Journal of Sports


Medicine 39:882-883


 


 


 


 









 



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The impact of Talent management on strategy university essay help: university essay help

Page 1 of 5


MBA- Dissertation


Title:


The impact of Talent management on strategy implementation at Vulcan investments Pty ltd.*


Aim of the study:


The study aims to investigate the impact of talent management on strategy implementation at Trellicor, and thereafter recommend the best effective talent management practices for organisations that are destined for greater heights.


 


Objectives:


 



To evaluate the effectiveness of the current Talent Management Approach at Vulcan in relationship to the current strategy.
To determine the key challenges faced by Vulcan in their approach to Talent Management.
To recommend a practical Talent Management framework for cultivating the skills needed to manage talent effectively.

 


Research Questions:



How effectiveness is the current Talent Management Approach at Vulcan in relationship to the current corporate strategy?
What are the key challenges faced by Vulcan in their approach to Talent Management?
Is there a practical talent management framework that can be recommended to Vulcan investment Pty ltd?

Problem statement:


The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of talent management on strategy implementation in order to ascertain inefficiencies and shortcomings so that recommendations maybe made to management so as to ensure the evolution of sustainable operational efficiencies.


Background and Writing instructions:


Vulcan Investments Pty ltd is a factious company name, done so to protect the identity of the company I work for.Despite having an abundance of talented employees, Vulcan has often failed to achieve certain of its desired strategic objectives more especially so in certain departments. Exceptionally brilliant and well orchestrated strategies often fail at the hands of those responsible (management i.e. junior, middle and senior mgt) for the implementation of such strategies. This failure is not because the employees are technically incompetent but more often than not, it is a situation of  “attempting to fit square pegs in round holes”. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of talent management on strategy implementation in order to ascertain inefficiencies and shortcomings so that recommendations maybe made to management so as to ensure the evolution of sustainable operational efficiencies                           


Research Methodology


Introduction


During this study, several sources were used to gather information and data that was used to provide guidance to this study. Most of these sources were secondary sources that have conducted research on falls in the past and how these falls can be dealt with.


The information that was obtained from these sources was critically analyzed and presented using the trendiest methods of presentation.


Most of the sources that were used touched generally on impact of talent management in the Vulcan Company and the impact that they have on the strategy implementation in the company.


The study also aided in the suggestion of the appropriate methods that should be used and the things to be implemented for the improvement of Vulcan Investments Pty ltd Company. Therefore, this context can form an important part in conducting further research on the effects of talent management in future.


 


Research purpose


Despite having an abundance of talented employees, Vulcan has often failed to achieve certain of its desired strategic objectives more especially so in certain departments.


Exceptionally brilliant and well orchestrated strategies often fail at the hands of those responsible (management i.e. junior, middle and senior mgt) for the implementation of such strategies. This failure is not because the employees are technically incompetent but more often than not, it is a situation of  “attempting to fit square pegs in round holes”. Therefore, we conducted a research in finding out this.


The research purpose was to investigate the impact of talent management on strategy implementation in order to ascertain inefficiencies and shortcomings in Vulcan Investment and so that recommendations maybe made to management as this will ensure the evolution of sustainable operational efficiencies, the data that we obtained was according to this. It only addressed these issues.


It was the terminal analysis process. The conclusions were made and their meanings interpreted. This was made possible because the regularities were noted, differences and the similarities of various data were made, and the conclusions were made and possible explanations given. Although the conclusions were made but were not taken as the actual reasons.7


 


We used qualitative and quantitative analysis in this research. Qualitative data analysis was used in the initial stages but in the later used quantitative.


We majored in the qualitative because it is more concerned with the phenomena and the relationships that they have.


The used qualitative methods were observations and in-depth interviews. Though observations can be used in both summative phase and formative phase, but formative phase was strenuous in the study.


Summative was used to determine the success of the implementation of any recent strategy in the Company.


The technique was useful in the direct examination of how new and old, skilled and unskilled, the employee and the clients in general perceive the new strategy.


 


Methodology


Research process


The most convenient method was in-depth interview8. This was to obtain the information that are detailed, to enhance the respondent’s reaction and for the sensitivity of the findings. Some of the few merits were; it gives the richest data, detailed, provides new insights and it also provides the opportunity in the exploitation of the topic in depth.


Time consumption and expense were few of the demerits that we noted. The following assumptions had to be made when using the in-depth method;


       



a) There was no substantial variation in the setting of the interview3.

     



b) The gap between the knowledge of the respondent and interview’s was too small to be ignored.

The sample of the table is as shown below table 1


 





excellent
good
moderate
bad
worst
Don’t know


 
 
 
 
 
 



 


The respondent was to tick the appropriate box. If two boxes were ticked, then the question was ignored in that paper.


 


 


Open ended questions and far-reaching probing was used. This was done through the use of an interview guide. A list of questions/issues that were to be explored and the recommended probes that are used in the follow-up on the main topics was prepared. This was to ensure the interviewing more methodical and comprehensive. It also aided in the pacing of the interview.


The guidelines that were used in the preparation of the interview guides, how the interview should be done with the guide, and the interview writing is as per Lofland and Lofland 1995.


We had familiarized with the projects and the goals that lead us to the impact of talent management on strategy implementation.


The questions that concerned the impact of talent management on strategy implementation on Vulcan Investments Pty ltd Company were administered


 


 


 


 


 


8In-depth interview is a dialogue that is between interviewee and interview that are both skilled. The objective is to obtain affluent and detailed materials that can be used in the analysis (Lofland and Lofland 1995). They are to be conducted face to face but in few incidences they can also be through the phone.


3 This gives a restraint on the control that the interviewer has over the environment.  This interview may have to be satisfied with the disruptions and other trouble that in the end exhibits the attainment of the data and extent the comparability of interviews


 


Recording the data


For the efficiency the data that was obtained was recorded using tape recorders and short notes that are detailed were taken. This was after the respondent had given the permit of voice record.


This aided in the development and utilizing theories or hypothesis pertaining to the topic of research. This was to ensure the continuity, wide field and flexibility of the research in future.


Most of these sources were primary sources as they were direct from the respondents but few were secondary as they concerned the research that had been conducted the effect of poor managerial skills in Vulcan Company.


The information that was obtained from these sources was critically analyzed and presented using the trendiest methods of presentation. Most of the sources that were used touched generally on the impact of managerial method on strategy implementation, how the talent management has an impact on the operation system of the Company. This was because the implementation of strategies is directly proportional to the managerial system. Managerial system in the long run has an influence on the implementations of the strategies in Vulcan. We also focused on the way the consistency of the management efficiency across hierarchical levels had impacts on the strategic implementation. Therefore, this context can form an important part in conducting further research.


 


The respondents were both the members of the managerial system of the company and the general officers in the Company.  They were from both the higher and the lower managerial levels. The majority were from lower levels as they could provide more valid information and seemed to be guanine in their replies.  The anonymity of the respondents was protected by not identifying them. The form had no identification details and was also randomly issued to them. The voices recorded were not let out to any of the officers of the Company.


Data were collected through the questioners that were issued to forty respondents.


 


The respondents were divided into three categories and different questioners and interviews given. They completed the questioners anonymously after the interview and submitted them in randomly; this as well protected the anonymity of the respondents.


The duration of the questionnaires was thirty minutes but interview was intensive as probing further was essential. The validity of the data could also be determined thoroughly through the interview method rather than the questioners.


Recipients who refused to participate had the option of returning the empty forms or not being interviewed.


 


Through this the conclusions could be drawn and verified. It was done through the method of selection, summary; some data were submerged through a larger pattern. This was made possible through incase-analysis or cross-case. Matrices were developed that were used in the organization of data and patterns could be easily denoted from the matrices. Through the cross-case method the data that was not fitting in the objectives of the research was ignored.


 


Data display


This was the second step. The data that had been reduced was taken and was compressed to the level that the conclusion could be made. The cross-case with matrices worked best in the data display.


The method was used because various factors were under investigation.


Many cases were compared. This could make the data richer than when the within-case analysis was used (Huberman and Miles 1994).


Relationships were obtained from here as this helps in determining the factors that were affected the implementation of strategy.


The following was and example of such a table 2


 





variable
Level 1 effect
Level 2 effect
Level 3 effect
summary


Change in leadership


 
 
 
 
 


Decrement in number of officers
 
 
 
 


Increment in number of officers
 
 
 
 



 


The summary contained percentage in the effect. If the percentage was negative, it was coded -ve


Data analysis


The framework that was developed by Miles and Huberman 1994 was adopted in the process of data analysis.  This gave a description of the main phases of the analysis of data such as reduction of data, display of data, and the drawing of conclusion and verification of the data. This was the most appropriate due to the bulk of the data.


Data reduction


It involves the organization of data, reduces to meaningful levels and reconfigured43.


The data was selected, focussed (as per the cope of the research), simplified and transformed the data in the detailed notes. This was to ensure their intelligibility in terms of the issue that was addressed.  It also aided in the reduction of data to manageable levels.


It eliminated the volumes of data that are not assimilated and cannot be categorised as per the intended study. The data that were singled out were valid, detailed, and answered the research questions. Inductive and deductive data analyses were involved.


All the notes from all the departments were looked at. The watered data was reduced to a meaningful data.


 


 


 


 


43This was described by Miles and Huberman 1994 who developed it in 1994


 


Research findings and Conclusions


It has dawned to the researchers that the behaviour of the leader has direct influence on the other groups and the organization and how it behaves. To date less has been known on how the senior leaders make sure that their decisions are implemented by the group and other members in Vulcan Investments Pty ltd Company. This is because it has multiple layers of leaders and each does not have the ability to lead alone. He/she cannot lead in isolation.


 


In conclusion, managers play a very important role in ensuring that strategies are implemented. Whereas managers may ignored the rest of the management team, always results to faulty systems and in the return the implementation of the  strategies be very cumbersome and in most cases they do not turn out.  Contrary, all the managerial levels of company should correlate for the effective running of Vulcan Company.


According to our findings, it was clear that when the effectiveness of the leaders at various levels are given consideration at aggregate that the considerable enhancement on the strategy implementation resulted. We discussed the connotation of these findings for headship research, in particular, that the leaders at different levels should be considered collectively to comprehend the influence of leadership talent management which has influence on the strategy implementation.


According to the data that was obtained, though talent management has various impacts in the Vulcan Company but mostly noted, it has a great impact on the running of the Investment Company. The strategies that the company makes over and over are not effectively implemented as the people who formulate them are transferred after a short time.


 


The projects then are left finished. The lack of maintenance of the company’s employees has also resulted to a greater loss in the company. Their employees who have acquired the skills and knowledge in the company transfer after a short period of time.


The incoming employees take a lot of time in familiarizing themselves with the company and this leads to both lost of time and labor.  The frequent recruitment is harmful to the company.


Over the resent past Vulcan though it has tried to give new approaches to talent management but this has had very little impact.


Based on the results and the analysis that was made, Vulcan Investment Company should identify the strengths and weaknesses in the company and the gaps that are in their talent management strategy. They should prioritize their action plans to tackle the gaps that are identified in the Company and align their strategies according to the goals of the company.


 


They should build their strategies by,



developing talent management strategy
design organization
selecting the talent management

These strategies should be implemented by;



changing the management and communications
implement the new technologies,


This can also be made possible through the support from other organizations, assessment of the projects and continues improvements of the strategies.


 


 References;


Karami A 2007 ‘Strategy formulation in entrepreneurial firms’

Publisher Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.


 


Michael A. Hitt, R. Duane Ireland, Robert E. Hoskisson 2008


‘Strategic management: competitiveness and globalization : concepts & cases’


Cengage Learning, Publisher


Schiemann B,  Schiemann B 2009, ‘Reinventing Talent Management: How to Maximize Performance in the New Marketplace‘ John Wiley and Sons, Publisher


 


Robert W. Barner, A 2009, ‘developing the depth and versatility of your organization’s leadership talent’ AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn, Publisher


Debfer Tp 2004, ‘A Conceptual approach to strategy talent management’

Indus publishers


Davis T , Cutt M 2007 ‘Talent assessment: a new strategy for talent management,’


Gower Publishing, Ltd Publisher


Yarnall J 2007, ‘Strategic Career Management: Developing Your Talent‘ Butterworth-Heinemann Publisher            ,


Silzer R, Dowell  BE. 2009, ‘Strategy-Driven Talent Management: A Leadership Imperative,’


Volume 28, John Wiley and Sons Publisher,


 


Beardwell J , Claydon T 2009,’Human resource management: a contemporary approach’ ,Prentice Hall/Financial Times Publisher           ,


Becker B E. , Mark A. Huselid, Richard W.  2009, ‘The differentiated workforce: transforming talent into strategic impact’, Harvard Business Press


Besunt H 2002, “Impact of talent management in Busines’ South African

journal of Education, volume 6


Robbins SY 2006, ‘Changing the business strategies’ Adda publisher


Deb T 2005, A Conceptual approach to strategy talent management’

IndusPublisher


Schweyer Aand Newman E 2009, ‘Talent Management Technologies: A

Buyer’s Guide to New, Innovative Solutions’ Author House Publisher,



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

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While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


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Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


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There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


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The Impact of Succession Planning academic essay help: academic essay help

 


The Impact of Succession Planning on the Productivity of a Firm


(Author’s name)


(Institutional Affiliation)


 


The Impact of Succession Planning on the Productivity of a Firm


Abstract


The research study focused on how a firm’s productivity is affected by succession planning. The research made use of secondary data and primary data. Furthermore, a thorough questionnaire analysis was conducted as well as the adoption of an estimation technique (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient). Also, the study’s objectives were used to determine the existing relationship between organizational productivity and succession planning. The study also sort to examine the effectiveness of succession planning in increasing a firm’s organizational performance. Additionally two hypotheses were chosen to be tested through the use of the spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The results from the study were that there is indeed a relationship between succession planning and firm productivity.  Secondly, if succession planning takes place correctly, the performance of the employees in the firm improves. The study concluded and recommended that if a firm is to improve its productivity, it has to pay close attention to its employees. This will ensure that the maintenance and the survival of the firm occur. Strategies should be developed based upon the firms’ resources and this will improve the firms’ productivity.


 


 


 


Key Words: Succession Planning, Productivity, Firm, Employee Performance, Organizational Strategy


Introduction


            In the past, some organizations had various managerial levels and their leaders spent a lot of time in different strategic activities including mentoring, training and improvement. Most employees expected that they work for their employer for a long time and this is after providing distinguished services. Thereafter, the employees would be able to achieve the same status as management trainees. Since the employees have ample time on their hands, supervisors could effectively see the direct reports concerning all areas of the workplace. In turn, they could assist in guiding employees with the right resources that will enable them to have exemplarily careers in the future (Reeb, 2005). It is thus recommended that all supervisors ensure that they help identify future leaders. The focus on succession planning lasted in some organizations in the 1970’s, and in the 1980’s. Most of the executives who were prominent at the time are now about to retire (Richtel, 2010). This also includes top executives working in some of the fortune 500 companies. This means that the work force is greatly affected when talent is lost.


Purpose: Many firms continue to search for better or new means of achieving competitive advantage. This means that all the functional areas of the firms have to be scrutinized in order to improve performance. The result is that succession plans strive to retain and develop employees who are high potential, and thus ensure that the firm’s productivity increases. If a firm is to succeed it will need to retain, develop and acquire talented people who have leadership abilities. Also, businesses have to come up with effective strategies that will meet their future and present needs (Rothwell, 2000). This research was meant to find out why succession plans are being incorporated in the strategic plans of many firms as well as its impact on the firm’s productivity.


Thesis: This study focused on finding out how a firm’s productivity is affected by succession planning. The world economy is growing at an extremely fast rate and thus the reason why its industries are booming. This study made an attempt to measure the processes related to succession planning upon a firm’s productivity. Furthermore, recommendations were made in order to improve organizational performance and succession planning. The study was based upon statistical data obtained from business firms. An extensive literature review on succession planning and the impact it has on a firm’s productivity was conducted. The study formulated a conceptual framework about the research topic. Lastly, the study attempted to answer the following research questions:



How does succession planning affect the overall performance of a firm?
When is the right time to introduce potential leaders to succession planning?
What needs to be done to ensure that succession planning is successful?

Literature Review


Background: In many organizations all over the world, planning is considered to be a vital aspect of management. It assists in improving the performance of organizations and this means that customers have to be served well, and the proper utilization of resources should take place. In order to achieve this, the material and human resources should be utilized well, and in the most appropriate time and manner. This will ensure that only minimal costs will be incurred in an attempt to come up with products that are of extremely high quality. Productivity can be formally defined as the summary measure of the quality and quantity of work performance. It should also take into consideration the resources that have been utilized. Productivity is then measured at the organizational, group or individual level. Furthermore, productivity tends to be expressed as the success into an organizations efficiency, effectiveness and performance (Rothwell, 2000).


In the four decades that have passed, there has been a managerial revolution and it has had an impact on succession planning. Some of the enterprises affected by succession planning include educational institutions, government and business, among others. Succession planning is quite vital as it has been stressed by many researchers. For example, in the past, production managers found out that without prior planning, mistakes showed up shortly after while working on projects. This means that certain projects halted because of the absence or misfit of needed components (Stoner, 1982).


As early as the 1940’s the idea of succession planning in an organization was conceptualized. It was claimed that planning is the process of choosing alternatives in case a problem arises at the work place. In turn, many other authors decided to come up with research on succession planning, which is a vital aspect of any successful business. Many companies around the world face the challenge of having succession planning programs and this has in turn created a leadership crisis. Part of a company’s strategic plan is having a succession plan because it is useful to all employees and not only the CEO’s. There are quite a number of disadvantages and advantages associated with succession planning as it has been witnessed.  A long-term strategy has to exist if the succession planning process is to bring about the development and continuity of key people and areas. Organizations should seek to develop its key and unique people in order to boost productivity (Sahl, 1947).


Succession planning dates back to the 1940’s after being conceptualized by Goetz. He believed that planning involves choosing options that will deal with problems that are likely to arise. An alternative solution or action exists in matters that concern succession planning. There is a direct relationship between decision making and succession planning. It is thus recommended that planning is done in advance and it should be done by the right people at the right time (Rothwell, 2000). This means that the right alternatives have to be chosen as it will influence future actions. Departmental goals will be effectively achieved because they have been planned for in advance. Succession planning considers the future environments nature whereby planning actions and decisions will operate.


Critique: Charles Sawyer (2006) has raised some issues concerning succession planning on a firm’s productivity. The depth at which formal succession plans are part of a firm is not yet known. Crisis management is today used in the selection of leaders in various organizations. The organizations continue to fail to have succession plans and even resources to be used in the implementation of succession plans. Leadership development and succession planning does not have the adequate focus that middle level managers need (Chirico, 2008). The two strategies have to be urgently considered with special emphasize on middle-level managers. This proves that Chirico (2008) and Sawyer (2006) do not believe that a firm acquires competitive advantage because it makes use of succession plans. The key elements that are needed in the success of a firm, is having talented employees who are motivated to achieve and obtain the best results at the work place.


Solutions: There are three objectives that are meant to be fulfilled by succession planning in a firm. Firstly, it is meant to ensure the proper continuity of the existing leadership in various critical positions. Secondly, it is meant to develop and retain intellectual capital in order to enhance future growth. Lastly, it is meant to motivate and encourage high potential employees that have career advancement aspirations. Most of the top organizations in the world have succession plans because they are fully aware of its importance. For example, in the year 2004, after the sudden death of Jim Cantalupo, the McDonalds Chief Executive Officer and chairman, succession planning was evident. He was replaced within a six hour period by Charlie Bell, the former Chief Operating Officer and company president. This swift act reassured all the investors, franchise owners and employees that a qualified leader could maintain, and provide continuity of the company’s mission (Sawyer, 2006). From the presented case it is evident that succession planning is a business necessity and not a luxury. As a result of having good implementation and succession plans, there is massive productivity and huge savings.


Human productivity is a key issue in the field of business as they are responsible for its success. Human beings are judged upon the quantity and quality of work that they do. It is thus conclusive to claim that productivity is concerned with efficiency and effectiveness (Hirsh, 2011). A management theory founding father Peter Drucker (2003) claimed that in order for success to be achieved effectiveness has to exist. Doing things which are right is associated with effectiveness and efficiency deals with doing things the right way.


In the world’s global organizations, there are quite a number of initiatives based on leadership development. This is known to be an important part of any successful corporate strategy. In a leadership study conducted by Hewitt Associates, a Global Human Resources company, information concerning succession planning was obtained. It was found out that in the top twenty leading companies in the world, 91 percent of them had a way of identifying leaders. This is compared to the rest, which had only a 61 percent success rate of identifying leaders. Also, 82 percent of the world’s top organizations have mentoring programs as compared to the others in the list. In fact, IBM leads as it has eleven leadership competencies at the various management levels (Avanesh, 2011).


The employees who have leadership abilities and are working at IBM are assessed based upon certain competencies. They are then considered when succession planning is taking place in the organization. Secondly, Microsoft came second as it attracts rare talent and potential leaders are identified during the hiring stage. Potential leaders are then groomed later on so that they can take up leadership positions in the future. Cutting Edge, an American research firm dealing in business had a report concerning succession planning (Avanesh, 2011). It found out that a majority of companies have succession plans, but few of them fail to follow through with the implementation requirements. It is estimated that as a result of succession planning, as much as 70 percent of all succession plans fail.  The information obtained in the literature review will be extremely beneficial when coming up with a methodology that related to succession planning and its relation to the productivity of a firm.


Methodology


Explanation: The study in this research was quantitative and descriptive in nature. The aim of using quantitative data was to succeed in fact finding. In order to collect the required data, a questionnaire method was adapted (Amaratunga & Baldry & Sarshar & Newton, 2002). The sources of data were secondary data and primary data. The primary data was collected from the filled questionnaires that the Project Leaders in the various respondent units provided. The secondary data was collected from the internet, previous research, magazines, journals and books.


Research Instrument: The questionnaire method was adopted in the collection of data. Furthermore, the questionnaires will have closed and open ended questions. Later on, questionnaires were administered to the respondents chosen to participate in the study. The obtained data was analyzed and later on interpreted based on the available percentage and number of the existing socio-economic characteristics. The standard deviation and mean were computed in order to provide an interpretation of the firm’s performance and succession planning performance (Mugenda & Mugenda, 2003). Thereafter, a comparison of the acquired‘s’-‘t’ test was tested and employed to find out the significance. The correlation coefficient was used to establish the relationship between the firm productivity and succession planning performance. Lastly, the association between firm productivity and succession planning performance was assessed through the use of the Chi-square test application.


Reliability and Validity: The research questionnaires were developed using available literature to ensure its validity. Questions that appeared or seemed to be vague were rephrased in order to convey the intended meaning that was meant to be understood by the respondents. The number and quality of the questionnaires given to the respondents ensured that a statistical analysis of the relation between the two variables was known. It was possible to ascertain the research instruments reliability through data analysis (Mugenda & Mugenda, 2003).


Population:  The research used the non-probability sampling technique that was narrowed down to the convenience sampling method. This means that the respondents in the research provided their information based upon their willingness and availability to respond. In this research, the respondents were from the various Saudi Arabian banks. The chosen form of sampling is extremely favorable because it is timely, less expensive and easy to administer questionnaires to the respondents. The help of management consultants was used in this research as they helped in identifying the firms that would be sampled. Furthermore, the firms needed to be practicing their succession plans for at least five years and were based in Saudi Arabia. The companies had their interests in the banking sector of the economy. Lastly, a total of six project managers were selected using a random method in order to have 6 respondents in the study.





List of Sample Saudi Arabian Companies


Islamic Development Bank


Riyadh Bank


Wegaya


Jadwa Investment


DMI Trust


Alinma Bank



 


Research Hypotheses:


HYPOTHESIS ONE: Null Hypothesis (Ho): Succession planning has no relationship with firm productivity. Alternative Hypothesis (Hi): Succession planning has a relationship with firm productivity.


HYPOTHESIS TWO: Null Hypothesis (Ho): Succession planning does not lead to positive employee performance in a firm. Alternative Hypothesis (Hi): Succession planning leads to improved employee’s performance is a firm.


Logical and Ethical Considerations: It is vital that this research considers the privacy and confidentiality of the respondents. This is to ensure that the respondent’s integrity is not jeopardized in any way. Furthermore, the research will not be in any way plagiarized as the words used are original and not borrowed directly from other sources. Words and ideas that are not ours will be cited in the most appropriate manner so as to avoid committing plagiarism.


Conceptual Model: Upon coming up with a literature review, it was possible to come up with a conceptual framework that was used to give an explanation of the relationship between a firms productivity and succession planning.


Independent Variables                                                            Dependent Variables


Firm Productivity                                                                   Succession Planning









·         Quality Costs


·         Return on Investment


·         New Business Expansion


·         Repeat Business


·         Market Share


·         Competence Level


·         Corporate Image


·         Employee Satisfaction


·         Employee Retention














·         Employee attitudes &Values


·         Working & Strategic Plan


·         Extends to every organizational level


·         Dedicated Responsibility


·         Employee Training


·         Needs Driven Assessment


·         Top Management Support







                                                                                                           













 


 


                                                                       


 


 


Figure 2: Conceptual Framework showing the relationship between the independent and dependent variables.


Source: (Researcher, 2013)


Findings


                        The research was aimed at finding out if succession planning has an impact on the productivity of a firm. Most of the respondents in the research were males and belonged to the 27-35 age group. They had a working experience between 5 – 12 years, as well as an average salary. It was found out that most of the employees working in the different companies wanted to be included in the succession plans. In turn, most of them strived to attain higher academic qualifications such as post graduate degrees in their respective careers.


Discussion and Implications:  There is a positive relationship between productivity in a firm and succession planning. Also, there is a difference between the meanings of succession planning between the different respondents. Young respondents have better attitudes towards succession planning as compared to older respondents. The experience of an individual is what dictates whether an employee can be part of a firm’s succession planning road map. Based on the provided discussions, there are some implications that arose because of succession planning. All the levels of a firm need to be involved in succession planning so as to boost the overall performance and productivity. The heads of department need to come up with detailed criteria for choosing the various successors, and especially at the senior level. The articulation and definition of the steps should be known to all the employees so that those in lower positions can increase their competencies. A successful succession plan has to be communicated in all the departments in the firm. It is quite unfortunate that many firms in the modern world only have succession plans for their senior employees. Therefore, in order for succession plans to be truly effective, they must also target the lower and middle levels. This will promote participation accountability at all levels (Taylor & Mc Graw, 2004).


Conclusion


A key issue that has come up after conducting the research is that employees with leadership abilities need to be chosen and trained as part of a firm’s succession plans. This will result in increased productivity because resources have been well utilized and combined in order to achieve specific needed results. Therefore, the objectives established by the firm should be carefully pursued and articulated to also achieve productivity. There is no benefit in claiming that a firm’s success only depends on the effectiveness of their succession plans. Various industries offer vast products, and thus the effectiveness and efficiency will only be measured with how well the services or products are received by customers. In the recent years, many sectors of the world’s economy have experienced tremendous growth. Succession plans need to be simple and not complex as others have proven to be. Realism must be followed when coming up with succession plans so that development can take place in the right direction. Therefore, succession planning should be used in the identification of the firm’s future leaders who will contribute towards improving productivity.


Recommendations: These are the suggestions, which need to be followed up to ensure that the culture of succession planning is always more effective and meaningful. Also, so that it will enhance the productivity of a firm.



The succession planning results should be regularly evaluated and reviewed.
The process of implementing plans should be successful through the dissemination of information.
Sufficient management attention and resources should be allocated in order to sustain the program.
All employees in line management should be held accountable by the CEO for coming up with succession models and future leaders.
Firms should provide employees with professional development opportunities through job rotation, job shadowing and training.
Needs assessment should be conducted regularly in order to identity job positions that will benefit from succession planning.
Some of the succession tools that should be used by a firm are reinventing exit interviews, having systematic selection procedures and identifying high fliers.
Lastly, succession planning should be benchmarked with other management practices that exist in the firm.

Future Research Recommendations:



A variety of non-probability sampling methods should be used, such as stratified random sampling.
Other companies in various sectors of the economy should be included in the research.
A comparison and benchmark between the different banking companies should be done.

 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


References


Amaratunga, D. & Baldry, D. & Sarshar, M. & Newton, R. (2002). Quantitative and qualitative research in the built environment, Work Study, 51, 1.


 


Avanesh, Neetha. (2011). A Study on Succession Planning and its Impact on Organizational Performance in the IT Sector. International Refereed Research Journal, 2, 1, 2231-4172.


Chirico, Francesco. (2008). Knowledge Accumulation in Family Firms: Evidence from Four Case Studies International Small Business Journal August, 26, 1, 433-462.


Drucker, P. (2003). The Theory and Practice of Management, a broader perspective. New York: New York Press.


Gabrielsson, Jonas. (2007). Boards of Directors and Entrepreneurial Posture in Medium-size Companies: Putting the Board Demography Approach to a Test International Small Business Journal, 25, 1, 511-537.


Hirsh, Wendy. (2011). Succession Planning: Current Practice and Future Issues. International Journal of Career Management, 3, 2, 345-367.


Mugenda, Olive. & Mugenda. Abel. (2003). Research Methods: Quantitative & Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi. Acts Press.


Reeb, William. (2005). Securing the Future: Building a Succession Plan for Your Firm. New York: AICPA.


Richtel, Matt. (2010).“Growing Up Digital, Wired for Distraction.”  Retrieved from The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/21/technology/21brain.html?


Rothwell, W. (2000). Effective Succession Planning: Ensuring Leadership Continuity and Building Talent from within. New York: Amacom.


Sahl, R. (1987). Succession Planning-A Blueprint for your company future. Personnel Administrator, 32, 9, 101-106.


 


Sawyer, Charles. (2006). Beyond Leadership: Approaches to Comprehensive Succession Planning. New York: Pearson.


Stoner, J. (1982). Management and Planning, a broader perspective. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Publication limited.


Taylor, T. & Mc Graw, P. (2004). Succession Management practices in Australian organizations. International Journal of Manpower, 25, 8, 741-758.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Appendices:


Table 1: Respondents by Experience, Age-Group and Sex





Characteristics
Category
Number
Percent


Sex
Female
32
64.0


Male
18
36.0


Age-Group
24-30
15
30.0


31-36
35
70.0


Experience
2-6 years
19
38.0


7-13 years
31
62.0


Total
 
50
100



 


Table 2: Questionnaire



Respondent Demographic Information


Position………………………………………………………………..
Gender…………………………………………………………………
Age…………………………………………………………………….
Length of Service………………………………………………………
Place of Work…………………………………………………………


Does the bank you work for have a Succession plan? (Circle the correct option)
Yes………………………………………………………
No………………………………………………………….


Are the bank’s Succession plans targeted towards all the employees? (Circle the correct option)


Yes……………………………………………………..
No………………………………………………………
 Do you think that employees who are included in the bank’s Succession plans are more productive as compared to other employees?
Yes……………………………………………………..
No………………………………………………………
Give examples of how the productivity at the bank has improved as a results of having a Succession plan
……………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………
Is there an established means through which the results of the Succession plans can be measured?
Yes………………………………………………………….
No……………………………………………………………

Thank You for your participation!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!



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The Impact of online Gomes on Kids college essay help near me: college essay help near me

 


The Impact of online Gomes on Kids


Student name:


Institution:


 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents. ii


1.0 Introduction. 1


2.0 Advantages of Internet Games on Children. 1


2.1 Social Growth. 2


2.2 Motivation. 3


2.3 Multitasking. 3


2.4 Coordination and Reasoning Skills. 4


2.5 Career Development and technology capabilities. 4


2.6 Team-work and Team Spirit 5


2.7 Encouraging Confidence. 7


2.8 Promoting Exercise. 7


2.9 Instruction Mode. 7


3.0 Disadvantages. 8


3.1 Health Hazards. 8


3.1.1 Eyes Damages. 8


3.1.2 Back Pain. 9


3.2 Social Isolation. 9


3.3 Aggressive and Violent Behavior 9


3.4 Impact Academic achievement 10


Recommendation. 10


Conclusion. 10


References. 12


 


1.0 Introduction

There is far reaching public anxiety concerning the towering intensity of misdemeanor among young children attributed to on-line games. Even though the figures change year after year, the depiction is apparent: over the last two years offences augmented a great deal. The effects are that there is an enormous price to the society, and many children go on in worry of turning to be sufferers of offence. In the era of vast scientific progress, when so numerous children take pleasure in a flourishing way of life further than that of their grandparents, why is there many offences and rebellious deeds? Much explanation or justifications are obtainable. Many explain it that this is the cost of a liberated humanity and that this is like a clock that one cannot rewind back. There is an extensive sentiment that not anything is done to the avert situation and that, if one is the prey of offence, it is a disadvantage just like deteriorating in body health. However, there are a number of positive as well as negative aspects of on-line gaming. Kids like playing games on-line and gets attached to the computer for a length of time. There are very many games on the internet that target majorly children and are so appealing that the children just like playing. Parents are no happy seeing their children playing games on the internet, however, a number scientific investigation established that internet games might be advantageous for children and, on the other hand, has tremendous negative effects. The paper examine both the negative and positive effects of internet games on young children and in the end give a conclusion on the issue.


2.0 Advantages of Internet Games on Children

The benefits of games stem from the fact that the internet has massive resources that one can utilize so as to reap the best out of the on-line games. The benefits of on-line games get illustrated below.


2.1 Social Growth


There is much exposure when children are playing on the internet they get exposed to numerous individuals from various areas of the planet that turns-out to be more exciting, and they begin exchanging with them. In the process of these exchanges, children make friends and converse with them. Through it, they gain knowledge and assist in social progress. With wide-ranging attractiveness that is simple to understand can moreover assist a number of families play jointly, and better connect the gap amongst generations. When one contemplates a title on a game such as hip-wiggling simulation dance, it has young children dancing with their grand-parents. There are as good games comprising optimistic social communications that inspire families to be a force for respectable. In a succession of experimentations investigators established that accomplices who took part and played  “pro-social” game that the characters  work jointly to assist each other out as matched to those who took part in playing “neutral” game such as Tetris were more likely to involve themselves invaluable behaviors. Instances comprised helping in a state concerning an abusive boy-friend, collecting up a box of pencils or even offering to take part in more investigations (Aarts et al., 2010).


In engaging is games that are serious particularly tailored to inform and instruct, are as well having an influence on the planet. The games such as United Nations’ Food Force inform children on issues touching on real-life experiences, humanitarianism and the real-world encounters facing administration and private establishments nowadays. Challenges presented to children in undergoing through six obstacles similar to those encountered by the World Food Program in the response of emergency present skills of dealing with real life situations. The habits of eating healthy as presented by games such as the  Food Pyramid Adventure amongst other games inculcate good eating habits to children, whereas still more focus on unrelenting geopolitical and social matters such as the global conflicts series (Aarts et al., 2010).


2.2 Motivation


When children get engaged in games that have rewards in it, they get much motivation. It is through such games that children can get acquainted with the need to struggle hard for the benefit of getting rewarded in the end. When a child wins, it boosts their self-assurance as well as morale. It as well fills a feeling of achievement. They realize how to go through minor objective and are inspired not surrender, not only in the game but then again in real life. Even when one looks at the Maslow hierarchy of needs, people get motivated when rewarded appropriately and they perfume tasks effectively. It as well applies to youngsters. When on the on-line games playing for a win, one get motivated when given the price and continues to struggle hard even in difficult tasks (Durkin & Barber, 2002).


2.3 Multitasking


There are many games that involve multitasking. Games like Cake mania where one get carry out many tasks at one time that makes the child expert in multi-tasking.


Studies indicate that video games with good illustrations comprising actions enhance several characteristics of brain-activity allowing of multitasking. Also, studies demonstrate that video games present real task improvement on attention, accuracy, and vision. Attention get acquired on the concentration on the video game when on require to target a particular outcome. Also, accuracy skills get build on the attention to small finer details that allows one to reach a specific target or outcome. Therefore, video games when permitted for kids present a character that is able to perform numerous tasks at the same time using logical reasoning with no mixing of attributes. Children playing together with these toys develop the following traits: “motor skills, spatial skills, the capacity for divergent thinking, social skills, and language skills. Not only do one play with toys when one is are young, you continue to play with toys your whole life (Ferguson, 2010).


2.4 Coordination and Reasoning Skills


Since games require quick actions that are sure and on point, reasoning skills get inculcated on an individual. Games such as football require one to have well balanced reasoning son as to get a score. These games sharpen the brain and augments the reasoning power such as the logic the games. Families that take up playing video-games as part of their normal life are probable to discover themselves liking a better sense of interconnection and communication than families who still see video-games as a lazy, worthless and unsociable leisure activity. Progressing, thoughtful, collaborating, relieving, education, stressing, growing, considering the realm from other viewpoints is what video games assist children and families. Scientists demonstrate that, playing games regularly assists to enhances the co-ordination between different parts of the body such as eye to hand off the children that are a very valuable attribute in the development of the body parts in growth (Ferguson, & Rueda, 2010).


2.5 Career Development and technology capabilities


The capabilities to employ new modern gadgets get along with the means of knowing how to use and operate them. When children play a lot of video games, it enhances their technological capabilities that are very essential in the present world. It will positively assist them since in the current workplace; computer literacy and internet are the essential skills that are essential. Imminent career selections for today’s children will no uncertainty be affected by technology in a manner that is problematic for lots parents to envisage. Dexterities learned and enhanced playing home solace and video-games, and mobile gaming applications will unquestionably be very precious to learners in the labor force of the years beyond 2025. Children require more video game-play. Video games have the capacity to assist tackle most irresistible problems – organizing learners for an gradually aggressive global-market. The achievement of multifaceted video-games establishes that games can impart higher-order intelligent skills like strategic rational, explanatory analysis, difficulty-solving, plan preparation and implementation, and adjustment to quick change. These are the talent companies progressively search for in employees and new labor force entrants (Green, & Bavelier, 2003).


Games are gradually employed to teach and educate workforces around the planet by administrations, trade associations and the globe’s major establishments as well. From Cisco Structures-The Cisco-Mind-Share-Game, that enables network accreditation, in which team for responding to emergencies exercise managing disaster relief struggles, the number of real-world instances keeps on growing. In fact, the current investigation establishes that 70% of main domestic companies utilize collaborating software and games for teaching reasons, and approximately eight out of 10 are in the process of doing the same by the year 2015. Additionally, in polishing one’s resume and interview abilities, one might even require to going through computer skills that might earn a job (Ferguson, & Rueda, 2010).


2.6 Team-work and Team Spirit


A game that encompasses teams assists the children to discover how to work together in a group. They get to realize how other individuals contemplate about their capabilities and abilities. They will encounter dissimilar types of individuals and will study how to tackle them. It is fundamental to accomplish specific responsibilities in the game and in a real-world. Numerous games nowadays stress the collaborative characteristics of game-play where two or  number of players require working jointly so as to arrive at a common target. For example, games such as Lego-Star-Wars or Kirby’s-Epic-Yarn get heightened by having players work jointly to resolve in game-puzzles. These games additionally present enhanced, in-depth, ambiance and gratification by permitting players to gang as one group and strive as a team so as to finish particular expeditions or conquest particularly tricky adversaries (Lenhart et al., 2008).


Therefore, the use of the game encourages children to work in a cohesive environment and as one group. The skill is going to assist young kids even during their adult life. They are going to learn to work together for a common goal. It is inculcated and employed even in workplaces when the kid reaches the age of getting employed. People with such skills get along very well in instances where there is the involvement of tasks needing many people to work together. The extent of present day business is tremendously growing globally. A number of the corporations have augmented their numbers of the workforce on global assignments calling for teamwork. Despite this staggering number, research suggests that poor cross-cultural adjustment often result in dissatisfaction and suboptimal performance among these employees. Studies propose that employers require structuring time that are not structured, forcing disagreements so as to obtain divergent views, and emphasizing on unity among employees. On the other hand, awareness creation, and having a comprehension with culture matters, and determining cultural effects require an individual work bond fast in a team (Ferguson, & Rueda, 2010).


2.7 Encouraging Confidence


Researches done established that certain computer games designed particular for assisting people improves on self-acceptance. Through the repetitive online games, individuals are prone to creating a positive attitude towards their confidence. Despite the fact that games assist children in other parts, they as well make children feel a sense a sense of achievement, founded on the fundamental philosophies concerned in what makes a decent game. Games with the concepts of techniques such as jumping present an arena where participants can be in a position to master and allow further exploration of getting to the toughest side. It is through this that one can build skills as well as gaining confidence on areas where one was not good (Olson, 2010).


2.8 Promoting Exercise


Physical and mental health requires the use of both physical and mental exercises. Playing concurrent online games for long hours is comparable to doing serious exercise of running for more than six miles in a day. It is the good deal of exercise. For instance, games such as boxing dance central and Kinect increase the intake of oxygen, heart beat rate and hence the use of energy in young children and as such a way of decrease the chances of children being obese (Stevens et al., 2008).


2.9 Instruction Mode


Over the precedent year, social interaction has got on such an extensive scale and has been widespread in the news. Facebook creator Mark Zuckerberg chosen as “Personality of the year” and was on the face of time magazine. Facebook, MySpace, and twitter employed as the opening for those trapped in the overwhelming japan tremor and tsunami offering the entry to the reports that been concealed in the conventional reports on diverse reports stations. In the business discipline, occupation persons employ LinkedIn to run their professional descriptions and employ as the podium to interact with every person connected to the site. Trading as well makes use of this system to strengthen their reports and most outstandingly to publicize themselves. Bisedes, currently the large corporation and other connections employs on-line gaming as a means of social systems like Skype and Google consort for instructing young kids. Based on the current reports and investigation a massive transformation is routing in the direction of young children touching on the crooked headship and reputation. Social interaction can achieve or can be the reason of social transformation and instruction in a diversity of the mix extending from children transformation to an extensive opinionated transformation as in leaders (Wack & Trantleff-Dunn, 2009).


3.0 Disadvantages

Besides advantages, games may have a underprivileged consequence on the life-styles of person’s predominant youngsters. The addition of video-games is turning out as well appreciated in culture, and this may considerably have an unfavorable influence on children when it approaches  psychosomatic and bodily well-ness. Old-style juvenile’s tasks such as the dare or truth questions games have undergone modification to its active version on the internet.


3.1 Health Hazards


A computer works with the principle of electron emission so as to display images on the screen.  Researches don illustrate that these emissions are enormous effects on the eyes when one sit on the computer form more than seven hours. The effects are that the radiation causes the eyes develops a number of complications (Stevens et al., 2008).


3.1.1 Eyes Damages

When exposed to that ray emanating from the screen, the eyes get itchy and painful. Studies establish that long exposure of electromagnetic radiation on the eyes may cause eye problems that might even lead to blindness. As a result, the on-line games making children get glued to the computer for long hours are at high risk of developing eyes problems even to the adult age (Williams et al., 2008).


3.1.2 Back Pain

When get glued on a computer for long causes pain at the back. These pains make one to develop a number of complications in the spinal cord. Spinal cord being the supporting part of the body ends up being weak. It might lead to one side paralysis and even stroke. The disease is not a pleasing one. Even though people attribute the stroke with old age, children are even prone to the disease when they sit without support the back upright while on the computer playing (Ferguson, & Rueda, 2010).


3.2 Social Isolation


A healthy social life comprises continued socialization with friends. It is a life that children ought to develop as it assists them interrelate well with other people in the society during their ages and even when they grow up. Sitting on a computer playing online games rob one of the most precious time of interacting with a friend. As a result, it leads to social isolation. The character of introvert starts to develop where on becomes withdrawn from other people and live a life of solitude (Aarts et al., 2010).


3.3 Aggressive and Violent Behavior


The playing of games that are interactive and portray violent acts of war makes children develops character of aggressiveness. Games with characters that violent in nature makes children change character and adopt other unwanted behaviors.  Children develop and ape a character during the process of growth. It is during this period that parents must direct their kids to have good values as well as morals that will make them better citizens when they grow up (Williams et al., 2008).


3.4 Impact Academic achievement


Young children enjoy on-line games and take most of their time playing. They develop an attitude inclined to only playing leaving less time and concentration on reading as well as doing their assignments. It translates to poor academic performance. It creates the development of a habit of yearning for playing on-line games only. Studies establish that the on-line game build short-term concentration while has a tremendous influence on long-term concentration. The attitude will cumulate even to old age, and one is going to have a difficult time on tasks that call for much concentration in the long run (Ferguson, 2010).


Recommendation

In order to have a close care of kids, there is a need to plan for children’s play time. Playing is a good activity, and parents must encourage the use of real life experiences in playing such as football games. Also, the parent need to present an object that can assist the kid learn and avoid anything that might bring other unwanted behaviors such as aggression. Furthermore, there is a necessity to limit the amount of time that children are on the computer. It permits easy control any allows children engage in other learning tasks apart from playing.


Conclusion

The substantiation explains that the on-line games and system have thoroughly transformed the manner children act and interrelate with everyone in the society and associations in everyday existence. The internet know-how has made the transformation and enhanced education and knowledge in learning. It has made young children get acquainted with skills much simpler such as content planning and arranging amongst the many advantages such as a lot of exposure when children are playing on the internet, they get exposed to numerous people from various parts of the globe that turns out to be more exciting, and they begin exchanging with them. In the process of these exchanges, children make friends and converse with them. Through it, they gain knowledge and assist in social progress. With wide-ranging attractiveness that is simple to understand can moreover assist a number of families play jointly, and better connect the gap amongst generations. When we contemplate a title on a game such as hip-wiggling simulation dance, it has young children dancing with their grand-parents.


However, the effects of on-line gaming and video-games are turning out as well appreciated in culture, and this may considerably have an unfavorable influence on children when it approaches psychosomatic and bodily well-ness. Old-style juvenile’s tasks such as the dare or truth questions games have undergone modification to its active version on the internet.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


References

Aarts et al. (2010). “Environmental determinants of outdoor play in children: A large-scale cross


sectional study.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 39, 212-219.


Durkin & Barber (2002); “Not so doomed: Computer game play and positive adolescent


development,” Applied Developmental Psychology, 23, 373-392.


Ferguson, C. (2010). Blazing angels or resident evil? Can violent video games be a force for


good? Review of General Psychology, 14, 68-81.

Ferguson, C., & Rueda, S. M. (2010). The Hitman study: Violent video game exposure effects on


aggressive behavior, hostile feelings, and depression. European Psychologist, 15, 99-108.

Green, C. S., & Bavelier, D. (2003). Action video game modifies visual selective


attention. Nature, 423, 534-537; (b) Spence, I., & Feng, J. (2010). Video games and spatial cognition. Review of General Psychology, 14, 92-104.


Lenhart et al. (2008). “Teens, video games and civics: Teens gaming experiences are


diverse and include significant social interactions and civic engagements,” report of the Pew Research Center.


Olson, C. K. (2010). Children’s motivation for video game play in the context of normal


development. Review of General Psychology, 14, 180-187


Stevens et al. (2008). “In-game, in-room, in-world: reconnecting video game play to the rest of


kids’ lives. pp 41-66 in K. Salen (Ed.), The ecology of games: Connecting youth, games, and learning. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation series on digital media and learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Wack & Trantleff-Dunn (2009), “relationship between electronic game play, obesity, and


psychosocial functioning in young men; CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 241-244


Williams et al (2008), “Who plays, how much, and why? Debunking the stereotypical gamer


profile; Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 13, 993-1018


 



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The impact of international Business free essay help online: free essay help online

 


The impact of international Business on Social and Economic Conditions in Turkey


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Executive Summary


International business has been made conceivable by advances in innovation that make it less demanding to convey and direction the exchange of merchandise and administrations crosswise over regions. The effect of global exchange can be seen in different zones including the economy, occupations, and outsourcing and out of line work hones. One effect of International business is its impact on the economy of the countries participating in the trade. This impact is felt by both less created and more created countries. More developed nation’s advantage by obtaining crude materials and completed items from less developed nations. Less created nations pick up by getting highly required budgetary assets from the exchange. To be sure, the economies of some of these nations are subject to the budgetary assets. Most developed nations that don not have assets like raw petroleum depend on, to a huge degree, on the supplies from these countries.The paper is going to look at the impact of international business in Turkey’s social and economic aspects. It begin by introducing the country, it position in international business, the synopsis of the country, impacts of international business, and in the end give a conclusion.


1.0 Introduction


Turkey is grouped at the grouping purpose of Southeastern Europe and South Western Asia. Geologically, the west of the Bosporus lies in Europe, and Turkey is encompassed by the Aegean Sea, the Mediterranean, and Black Sea. The climatic conditions in Turkey shift. In the waterfront locales, the summers are hot and dry with mellow and wet winters. The focal territories have a prairie-like atmosphere with hot, dry summers and chilly winters with almost no precipitation. Turkey has a populace of around 80 million individuals with Ankara as its capital. The European piece of Turkey (named Thrace) covers around 3% of the aggregate area territory and embodies more than 10% of the aggregate populace. Istanbul alone has a populace of around 11 million. Thrace is differentiated from the Asian piece of Turkey by the Bosporus. Turkey is partitioned into seven locales: Aegean, Marmara, Anatolian level, Black Sea Mediterranean (Southern), South Eastern Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia, which are further sub-separated into 81 territories. Turkish is a national dialect of Turkey, and 75% of the populace is Turkish, 18% Kurdish, and around 7%-different minorities. It is evaluated that 99.8% of the Turkish populace are Muslim with the staying 0.2% made up of Christians and Jews (CoÅŸkun, 2007).


The advanced Turkish state, formally named the Republic of Turkey, was made in the years after World War I. Present day Turkey was established with the production of the Republic in 1923 by Turkey’s national legend Mustafa Kemal, who turned into Turkey’s first president and was respected with the title Atatürk or ‘Father of the Turks’. Archeological proof demonstrates that the Turkish history goes again to the “Hittities” who settled in Anatolia from 2000 to 1400 BC. Turkey has an open economy and is viewed as a developing business with high-development by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), making Turkey a recently industrialized nation. Turkey’s exchanging accomplices are Iraq, Germany, Russia, and UK (Barmeyer, 2012).


2.0 The position of Turkey in International Business


It would be more legitimate to investigate the Multinational Corporations (MNC) interests in Turkey after the 1980’s, when monetary strategy moved from import substitution arrangements to market liberal economy with progressively open and forceful remote business sector standards. Just after then, the center of universal speculators has expanded, and they began to take the real part in the nation’s economy. The privatization of state financial endeavors, liberalization of the remote venture administration and the lawful administration which helps MNCs open their limbs without any constraint on the value interest apportion of the outside shareholders expanded the force to speculation of MNCs in Turkey. From the viewpoint of legitimate regulation, empowering 100 percent outside proprietorship, bringing down duties and non-levy exchange hindrances and agreeability with universal lawful/book-keeping regulations can be assessed among the early advancements to improve lawful environment (Dunning, 2012).


Notwithstanding, with its application status of EU enrollment, its geological area in the middle of Asia and Europe and household business of 72 million, Turkey has been seen as having huge potential for business sector looking for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), yet the potential is unrealistic to be deciphered into cement results until 2000’s. The significant reasons which ruined the stream of FDI to Turkey were political vulnerability, temperamental and wasteful legitimate and administrative system, unfavorable macroeconomic conditions (high expansion), debasement, and rivalry from different nations in the locale. Until then, Turkey had been for the most part favored as a fare base rather notwithstanding serving Turkey’s household business on account of its get to a wide differing qualities of businesses running from Middle East, Western Europe, and the Gulf, the Commonwealth of independent States, the nations of Central and Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean, the Black Sea area and the Turkish speaking republics of Central Asia (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


The significant changes and the political energy after 2002, the increment in enhanced financial conditions and thus, GDP for every capita, lawful changes and appointment of the nation to EU participation expanded FDI inflows to Turkey and have moved MNCs consideration regarding Turkey and FDI into Turkey has tripled somewhere around 2005 and 2007 contrasted with what Turkey had gotten in the past twenty years. The measure of FDI Turkey got in 2007 expanded to $22 billion, as an issue of “substantial scale privatizations. The EU nations, for example, the Netherlands, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy, together with the United States, Switzerland and Japan, customarily have been the fundamental wellsprings of FDI in Turkey and the sort of the MNCs speculation to Turkey has altered its course from assembling to administration, case in point in 2007, with $11.4 billion in FDI inflows were desiring administration related commercial enterprises (Sayek, 2007).


The monetary turmoil has influenced the FDI inflows to Turkey and 2008, and 2009 figures couldn’t achieve the $22 billion of 2007. FDI has diminished by 59.2% in 2009 contrasted with the same time of 2008 and arrived at to $6.956 Billion. The nation is a common majority rules system with a greater part Muslim populace. The Justice and Development Party (AKP), an inside right gathering with Islamist roots, has held force since 2002. The AKP won a notable third term in office with the most astounding ever vote (49.9%). Regardless of this the AKP’s offer of seats in parliament tumbled from 341 to 326, missing the mark concerning the 330 needed to have the capacity to create a draft constitution and submit it to submission without the parliamentary backing of an alternate gathering. AKP likewise proved to be the best after the March 2014 neighborhood races with 45% of the votes (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


2.1Turkey’s Economic synopsis


Turkey’s yearly GDP in 2013 was $827 billion. It has a GDP for every capita of $10,815 (2013). Taking after a financial emergency in 2001, Turkey embraced major structural change in the money area, which, coupled with consequent monetary and political soundness, prompted a normal development rate of 5% somewhere around 2002 and 2013. Amid the worldwide financial emergency, Turkey endured a constriction of 4.7% in 2009. Because of positive worldwide liquidity conditions made by jolt bundles and climbing capital inflows in Turkey, the economy enlisted a solid come back to the development of 8.9% and 8.5% in 2010 and 2011 separately. The main part of Turkey’s economy is made up of a firmly broadened administrations division including land, budgetary administrations, instruction and wellbeing. Industry additionally plays a declining yet critical part, especially in assembling which represents a vast extent of Turkish fares to Europe as family unit merchandise i.e. VESTEL and BEKO. The Turkish Government’s expressed target is to lessen Turkey’s reliance on imports of produced merchandise and build its indigenous capacities to turn into a worldwide exporter of high innovation items and products. It is likewise a vitality travel nation and plans to turn into a major European vitality center point. Turkey presently has the ability to export over 121 million tonnes of oil to the global markets for every year, normally from the Middle East and Caspian to EU markets. It is around 3% of yearly worldwide oil utilization. It plans to twofold this with new pipelines and wants to open up a Southern-Gas-Corridor for Middle East and Caspian Middle Eastern gas fares to achieve the EU. The country is the world’s sixteenth biggest economy (and Europe’s sixth). It is a figure to be on the planet’s main 10 by 2023, and has the most youthful and quickest developing populace in Europe (700,000 graduates for every year). Turkey will be the second quickest developing nation in the World by 2018 (OECD figures) and the world’s second biggest contracting segment, after China (Fidrmuc, & Korhonen, 2010).


Exchange between the UK and Turkey is becoming quickly and has expanded by very nearly 40% since 2009. The current estimation of UK-Turkey exchange is over £11 billion a year. Exchange volumes between the two nations kept on increasing in 2013 with an 11% increment in UK fares to Turkey contrasted with 2012 (ONS).


2.2 Doing Business in Turkey


EU increase talks are a driver for the modernization of Turkey’s economy and business environment. Also its vast residential customer business of 74 million, Turkey is likewise a springboard to the businesses of focal Asia and the Middle East. Given the presence of the Customs Union, an essential for EU promotion, EU organizations don’t encounter the same volume of impediments they confront in other high development markets. However difficulties, for example, administrative obstacles, choice rolling out loss of motion and sudden improvements to enactment and regulations, without cautioning and discussion, can be baffling. Financial specialists have communicated concern at continuous administrative changes that happen with short execution time allotments and inadequate assessment of the most extensive results for industry (Arthurs, 2008).


Criticism from some Turkish organizations suggests that British organizations are seen as the danger opposed, over mindful and moderate to decide. Albeit imperative due tirelessness is exhorted, UK business does need to show a promise to the business, either by having an unmistakable vicinity here or building and keeping up solid connections. This implies customary visits to the business; and a readiness to resolve to activities or business opportunities right off the bat – by exhibiting key items/aptitudes set and capacity to satisfy Turkish prerequisites with a sign that they are readied to talk about and tailor the last answer for Turkish needs. In doing along these lines, British organizations will be in a position to react to urgent time-tables in Turkey and will be generally set to give characterized specifics later (Dunning, 2012).


 2.3 Turkey’s Competitiveness and Transparency


Turkey is positioned as 69 out of 189 economies in the World Bank’s “Working together 2014 Report” and was set above other high development markets. Key markers in 2014 incorporate simplicity of beginning a business – Turkey made beginning a business less unreasonable by taking out authorization charges and paying duties – Turkey brought down the government disability commitment rate for organizations by offering them a 5% discount. Turkey positions 44 out of 148 in the Global Competitiveness list 2013-2014 arranged by the World Economic Forum. In 2013 Turkey was positioned in the Transparency International debasement markers as 61 out of 177 nations (Dunning, 2012).


The New-Turkish-Commercial-Code (launched on 1 July 2012) goes somehow to tending to the requirement for more prominent straightforwardness and diminished organization in Turkish business and also adaptability in directorship. Progressively more Turkish organizations have solid corporate administration and social obligation structures set up. Turkish organizations are currently subject to Corporate Governance Compliance enactment and at the appropriate time course adjustment to universal money related reporting gages (IFRS) which ought to guarantee expanded worldwide trust in the business (Barmeyer, 2012).


3.0 The impact of International Business in Turkey


3.1 Decentralization


It is happening while the “devolution” methodology is grabbing hold in an expanding number of developing nations. As local governments stipend more prominent political and monetary rights to common governments, the tenets under which contracts were initially arranged may change, leaving numerous organizations with little alternative yet to persuasively renegotiate or singularly acknowledge the progressions forced on them. It is generally seen in the oil business in Turkey, for instance, with more prominent recurrence. The journey for political equity on a nearby level has accordingly reached rise above outskirts, with national and universal ramifications. Now and again, territorial self-governance has expanded to such an extent, to the point that would-be financial specialists must consider over the likelihood that they may start operation in one nation today that may at last turn into two nations later on. Some great illustrations are Nigeria, which is undermined by religious and ethnic struggle between its southern and northern locales, and Iraq, which stays at danger of breaking separated. The powers unleashed by the Arab awakening will keep on threatening the holiness of existing outskirts in the Middle East (Arthurs, 2008).


For outside owned organizations working in key segments of creating economies, the suggestions are clear. Financial patriotism, climbing product costs, worldwide rivalry, radical political developments, and a penchant to confiscate outside claimed resources all indicate the potential for a significantly all the more difficult global venture atmosphere later on. Immersion in created markets makes the yearning to contribute abroad—even in danger inclined nations and parts certain ((Dunning, 2012).


However, the dangers connected with doing so exist for organizations headquartered in created and in addition developing nations. With the ascent of developing business sector titans and worldwide organizations of all sizes and degrees of advancement must get to be more clever about contributing abroad, particularly given the ascent in south/south and east/west venture. In a few regards, developing business sector multinationals are better furnished to manage the huge number of difficulties connected with working in developing nations, given their involvement in moving through unpredictable organizations and tending to issues connected with debasement. Their test is to comprehend that working abroad will, by definition, include new and diverse standards and benchmarks, with distinctive guidelines for attaining achievement (Barmeyer, 2012).


3.2 Strategic Planning


To keep up their balance, the Turkey’s administrators must spot recharged stress on key planning and forward-looking danger administration at all periods of the exchange and venture process. Being “responsive” is no more sufficient. Government administrators must consider how to reexamine existing exercises and investigate new open doors in light of the quickly changing worldwide venture atmosphere. The ideal approach to delivering these dangers is to create hazard administration systems that ask the right inquiries and make successful strategies for overseeing danger before it turns into an issue. The capacity to lead sensible and compelling situation arranging and anxiety testing are vital for any universal business. Given that 2013 looks to be an alternate testing year for the worldwide economy, the inclination of common asset rich countries to lash out at remote financial specialists is liable to develop. The world is just going to turn into a more dangerous and more mind boggling place in which to work together in the medium- and long run, and there is a lot of extension for inconvenience. On the off chance that the organization does not have a risk administration program set up to manage the substances of worldwide contributing, now would be a decent time to place one set up (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


3.3 Product Flexibility


In the event that you have items that don’t offer well in the neighborhood or territorial business sector, Turkey may discover more prominent request abroad. Turkey does not need to dump unsold stock at profound returns. The country can scan for new markets where items can offer at considerably higher costs than they did in the neighborhood market. Indeed, the nation may discover new items to offer abroad. One can offer a much more extensive scope of items when you showcase universally (Arthurs, 2008).


3.4 Less Competition


Turkey may now see rivalry as an issue phenomenon. Turkey can discover universal markets that have less rivalry and move rapidly to catch the piece of the pie. It can be especially profitable when Turkey have an entry to brilliant adaptations of items that are better than renditions in different nations. Despite the fact that the neighborhood rivalry may have admittance to the same quality as Turkey have, Turkey will have little rivalry on the off chance that you discover an universal market that has been purchasing a substandard item (Barmeyer, 2012).


3.5 Adapting New Methods


When Turkey works together in an alternate nation, they learn better approaches for doing things. Turkey can apply this new learning to different markets. Case in point, as indicated by the Cite Sales site, Unilever found a business sector for clothing cleanser that would work in Europe’s high-mineral-content – or “hard” – water. This item can now be showcased to parts of the U.S. that have comparable water issues (Arthurs, 2008).


3.6 Employment creation


International business additionally has a solid impact on employments in the more developed nations. Most organizations now participate in outsourcing, which is an immediate conclusion of International business. These organizations want to contract laborers from different nations who can do likewise or more fill in as their nearby workers for a small amount of the expense. It diminishes the quantity of occupations that are accessible to the neighborhood workforce. It might likewise prompt unfavorable rivalry in which the neighborhood specialists are compelled to contend with worldwide laborers from nations with settle for less of living that are eager to do likewise work for far beneath the lowest pay permitted by law. This specific effect of global exchange prompts the apprehensions that a few deceitful business partners may abuse shabby work in a way that is hindering to the laborers from poor nations. For example, some western organizations move their organizations to some Asian nations with careless work laws where they have a tendency to endeavor the neighborhood workforce by paying them next to no recompense for hard work. A few concerns additionally emerge about the capability of utilizing underage work as a part of the assembling area, particularly the clothing and toy-production areas. It is an undesirable effect of global exchange (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


3.7 Promotion of Innovation and Competition


Few individuals in Turkey today sew all their garments, become all their own particular nourishment, assemble their own particular houses, or purchase just items made in their states. It would cost an excessive amount and take an excess of time, particularly since Turkish can gain such things on the open business sector without breaking a sweat. The same standard of reasonableness and expense applies on a global scale. It bodes well for purchase an item from an alternate who has practical experience in such generation or who can make it all the more effortlessly or for less cost. In reality, access to more noteworthy mixed assortments of merchandise and services is the reason for exchange. The rationale is obvious on an individual level. An individual works with the goal that he has the intention to purchase necessities and potentially even extravagances. One does not make buys with a specific end goal to defend working. International trade is the main kind of genuinely reasonable trade in light of the fact that it offers customers the most decisions and the best chances to enhance their expectation for everyday comforts. It cultivates rivalry, impelling organizations to improve and create better items and to put up a greater amount of their products and administrations for sale to the public, keeping costs low and quality high so as to hold or build their piece of the overall industry (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


Unhindered commerce additionally spurs advancement. The Turkey market has exhibited over and again, especially in the course of the most recent decade, that rival prompt expanding development. It is obvious, for instance, in the serious rivalry to make the most recent PC at the least cost. With the development of electronic trade has resulted to boundless decisions of services and products and lower costs for items. Machines are presently accessible free of charge only for marking a yearly Internet supplier administration understanding(Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


Turkey’s most noteworthy preference lies in its capacity to improve and to expand upon that persistently extending learning base. Turkey has an innovational complex that large number of business people, financial speculators, and architects unmatched in anyplace on the planet. The asset brings about a constantly becoming number of new items and services that support Turkey advantage in the international business and more noteworthy thriving at home. The preference gets generally from Turkeys open business sector. Facilitated commerce advances development in light of the fact that, alongside merchandise and services, the stream of exchange courses new thoughts. Since organizations must contend with their abroad partners, Turkey’s firms can observe all the triumphs and in addition the disappointments that happen in the advent of terrorism. Purchasers then advantage in light of the fact that organizations in an unreservedly contending business should either stay aware of the pioneer with a specific end goal to hold clients or develop to make their own particular specialty. Interestingly, protectionist arrangements intended to restrict outside rivalry correct a substantial cost on purchasers. It is best exhibited by the European Union (EU), which secures, for instance, its parts’ farming businesses from remote rivalry through such arrangements as limiting imports of meat and keeping up a protectionist administration on bananas (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


3.8 Fostering Economic Growth


By cultivating open doors for Turkeys organizations, the planned commerce prizes danger taking by expanding deals, net revenues, and the piece of the overall industry. Organizations can decide to expand on those benefits by stretching their operations, entering new market areas, and making better-paying occupations. Rivals of unconstrained commerce expect that exertions to evacuate protectionist hindrances to outside rivalry will bring about the loss of industrial employments in Turkey, particularly in the assembling segment. They accept that the Free Trade Agreement specifically debilitates these occupations (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


The way of work in the Turkey is for sure advancing far from assembling and to more services and high-engineering employments. Moreover, record indicates that exchanging openly with Turkey’s accomplices Mexico, Canada and other has not brought about a total loss of assembling occupations. Rather, since 1994 approximately 12 million new Turkish employments have been accounted for; The unemployment rate in Turkey has tumbled from 8 % to 6% (as of 2000); and the quantity of assembling occupations in Turkey has stayed unfaltering, utilizing 12.3 million individuals in 1994 and 16.4 million in 1999, which speaks to 13% of the aggregate Turkish workforce (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


On equalization, not just has Turkey not brought about a loss of industrial facility employments in the nation; however it has not prompted a misfortune in genuine wages for assembling specialists. The normal true wage in the assembling division rose from $8.03 for every hour in 1994 to $8.26 for every hour in 1999. Besides, sparing only one employment in Turkey’s declining attire and material industry is evaluated to cost the citizens more than $100,000 every year. The workforce in this segment, which has declined by more or less 30 percent since 1989, involves only 1 percent of aggregate non-cultivate livelihood. The decrease is a regular conclusion, considering that the business pays far short of what the normal national compensation -almost 20 percent less in materials and 33 percent less in attire. Such lower-paying employments get to be minimal as specialists move to better-paying occupations in the more extensive business. Indeed, over the previous decade, 19 million more occupations have gotten to be accessible, demonstrating that there are numerous open doors for Turkish laborers to discover employments. The development in the Turkey economy likewise profits individuals in poor nations who have entry to the Turkey market, where both the interest for merchandise and administrations and levels of compensation are much higher than they would be at home. To exchange at this level empowers their beginning organizations to obtain capital, powering creation and encouraging the advancement of new businesses. Ruined individuals pick up the chance to win better wages, gain more merchandise, and raise their expectation for everyday life (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


Consequently, there is a win-win situation for Americans and individuals of nations that have been buried in destitution regardless of years of remote help. The advantage for poor nations in having the capacity to exchange for capital instead of needing to depend on inadequate help programs that are liable to waste or extortion -is that the result is quicker in their private parts. Outside speculation permits their residential commercial enterprises to create and give better work chances to nearby laborers. This element makes an increment in remote immediate speculation a standout amongst the most vital profits of organized commerce for creating countries (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


3.9 Dissemination of Democratic Values


International commerce cultivates assistance for the guidelines of law. Countries that participate in worldwide trade have motivation to keep the terms of their agreement and universal settled upon standards and laws. The World Trade Organization, for instance, urges its part nations to respect exchange understandings and, in any exchange debate, to maintain the choices of the WTO’s interceding body. By supporting the tenet of law, facilitated commerce additionally can diminish the opportunities for debasement. In nations where contracts are not implemented, business connections fall flat, remote financial specialists escape, and capital stays away. It is a descending winding that particularly upsets financial advancement in nations where official debasement is boundless. Genuine monetary opportunity is conceivable just under an arrangement of constrained government with a solid principle of law. Financial flexibility has little esteem if debasement in government implies that just a couple will appreciate it. International trade similarly can struggle rapidly in nations where traditions authorities expect kickbacks at each check-point. For instance, in Western Africa, traditions authorities can stop trucks convey products as frequently as every hundred yards just to gather an alternate reward, as Mabousso Thiam, official secretary of the West African Enterprise Network, affirmed at a 1999 Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) conference on debasement.  Such subjective checkpoints spring up when nations cannot pay their traditions authorities reasonable wages, constraining them to pick between staying fair yet neglecting to bring home enough cash to nourish their families or taking an illicit fix, as others regularly do (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


Therefore international trade strengthened by the tenet of law, uproots such motivating forces for defilement by impelling financial development, expanding the quantity of better-paying employments, and at last expanding the level of thriving. At the same time unhindered commerce transmits more than simply physical products or administrations to individuals. It additionally transmits thoughts and qualities. A society of flexibility can prosper at whatever point an incredible society, rises with the fearlessness to open itself to an inflow of merchandise and the thoughts and works on going with them. A society of flexibility can get to be both the foundation of monetary success (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


3.10 Fostering Economic Freedom


As the international trade demonstrates, the capacity to exchange openly expands open door, decisions, and expectations for everyday life. Nations with the freest economies today for the most part have embraced an industrialist model of monetary advancement, staying open to global exchange and speculation. These nations incorporate the United Kingdom and a considerable lot of its previous provinces and domains which profits from a differing European legacy, moreover shows that building financial approaches with respect to an entrepreneur free-market model gets great comes about that locale (Sitkin, & Bowen, 2013).


Legacy’s examination of the 161 nations secured in the Index of Economic Freedom, distributed yearly with The Wall Street Journal, demonstrates that organized commerce arrangements can encourage advancement and raise the level of monetary flexibility. Consistently in the commercial centers of free nations, people settle on decisions and practice immediate control over their lives. The poorest individuals can advantage the same amount of as- -and sometimes more than- -the affluent. With a sound foundation focused around financial opportunity, guaranteed property rights, a reasonable and autonomous legal, the free stream of capital, and a reasonable arrangement of low levy, poor nations can make an environment that is inviting to exchange and welcoming to outside speculators. Building the backbone of property rights and free-advertise approaches is key for making the kind of business sector security that is paramount to remote financial specialists. In nations with a created tenet of law that does not back and forth movement starting with one pioneer then onto the next, outside speculators are more sure and eager to go for broke in bringing organizations into creating countries (Floyd, & Summan, 2008).


Conclusion


Social orders that institute unhindered commerce approaches make their own particular monetary dynamism- -cultivating a wellspring of opportunity, opportunity, and success that advantages each nation. Lately, Turkey has showed the force of this rule. Nor are Turkish natives alone in profiting from those organized commerce arrangements that the Turkey establishes. By breaking the cycle of neediness, Turkey’s organized commerce arrangements can empower even the most devastated nations to start to make their own particular dynamic to thriving.


In general, regardless of all the confirmation actually, the rivals of facilitated commerce will keep on espousing the old contention that “the occupations made by globalization are regularly less maintaining and secure than the jobs nullified by it (in poor countries). Such a case presupposes that an agrarian utopia long ago existed in these nations and that their people groups won’t procure the profits of monetary improvement. Insisting to stop this wave of monetary advancement conveyed forward by innovation and development is likened to belligerence that Turkey, to refer to only one illustration, was in an ideal situation before the industrial revolution. While one may contend that this was valid, at the end of the day such a case is questionable, for most of the populace that did not delight in such extravagance, personal satisfaction has enhanced tremendously.


The International business brought opportunity of development and expanded chance to all financial levels of society. It likewise set the stage for social and vote based advancement of a greatness that would have been unimaginable. Furthermore despite the fact that history proposes that this new period of business sector globalization may well be joined by new issues for which the plans at the end of the day will lie in the force of human resourcefulness and advancement, it additionally shows a remarkable level of opportunity for individuals to accomplish financial opportunity and more prominent success.


References


Barmeyer, C. (2012). Siavash Alimadadi is a PhD candidate at the Department of Business


Studies, Uppsala University. His research focuses on the role of knowledge and trust in the internationalization process. His current research examines the impact of socio-political actors on MNCs in Turkey. Maria Fernanda Arreola is a doctoral student in Management at Getulio Vargas.Business, Society and Politics: Multinationals in Emerging Markets, 28.


Dunning, J. H. (2012). International Production and the Multinational Enterprise (RLE


International Business) (Vol. 12). Routledge.


Arthurs, H., (2008), ’Who’s Afraid of Globalization? Reflections on the Future of Labour Law’,


in J. Craig & S. Lynk (ed), Globalization and the Future of Labour Law. Cambridge: CUP, p. 55.


CoÅŸkun, R., (2007), ’Determinants of direct foreign investment in Turkey’, European Business


Review, 13 (4), 221 – 227


Fidrmuc, J., & Korhonen, I. (2010). The impact of the global financial crisis on business cycles


in Asian emerging economies. Journal of Asian Economics,21(3), 293-303.


Floyd, D., Summan S., (2008), ’Understanding the main motives for foreign direct investment,


an East-West country contrast: is the host country legislation an important factor?’, Corporate Governance, 8(5), 661-668


Sayek, S., (2007), ’FDI in Turkey: The investment climate and EU effects’, The Journal of


International Trade and Diplomacy, 1 (2), 105-138


Sitkin, A., & Bowen, N. (2013). International business: challenges and choices. Oxford


University Press.


Mallin, C. A. (Ed.). (2011). Handbook on international corporate governance: country analyses.


Edward Elgar Publishing.


Spalding, A. (2011). The Irony of International Business Law: US Progressivism, China’s New


Laissez Faire, and Their Impact in the Developing World. UCLA Law Review, 59.


Uzkurt, C., Kumar, R., Kimzan, H. S., & Eminoglu, G. (2013). Role of innovation in the


relationship between organizational culture and firm performance: A study of the banking sector in Turkey. European Journal of Innovation Management, 16(1), 92-117.


 



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CORRUPTION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF RUSSIA grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Assignment


(Presented by)


(Name)


(Presented to)


(Lecturer)


(Institution)


(Topic)


(Date)


Assignment


Question one:


Russia:


The government of Russia has an inherent element of corruption that limits and discourages foreign investment. This evil vice, therefore, will limit the effectiveness of investing in Russia on telecommunication sector. This occurs since the corruption is evident in all levels of the Russian government. Russian government also has weak policies with regard to encouraging foreign investors to participate in investing in the business environment. As such, telecommunication business will face a challenge of unclear policies in Russia. In addition, Russia has an overwhelming political tension. An investment in a foreign country is successful if the political environment in the country permits conducting of the investment. In line with this, the political tension in Russian hinders foreign investment in the country. These elements within the Russian Government indicate that Russian Government has a weak regard of international cooperation. Therefore, carrying out investment in this nation is quite risky.


India:


Like Russia, India has also inherent political tension that hinders effective decision-making process among the politicians within the country. The political tension occurs in line with corruption at all levels in the government. The nation has demonstrated corruption on the investment sector in that award of licenses to mobile phone operators occur on favoritism basis. This hinders investment since only few investors find favor in accessing licenses to invest in the nation. In addition, India has inherent problems of inflation and insecurity. These two vices present risks of carrying out investment in the nation since the investment may never earn revenue, or the insecurity in the country tampers with the investment environment. Therefore, it is quite challenging to undertake investment in this nation.


Question two:


Gross domestic product (GDP) forms one of the most important economic indicators (Razin, & Sadka 72). This indicator depicts the economic status of a given country by revealing the value of services and goods produced. Consumer price index (CPI) and producer price index (PPI) aid in the determination of the inflation rate. CPI takes into consideration consumer services and goods cost while PPI determines price of goods in the level of wholesale. Employment announcement also forms an economic indicator of an emerging market. The announcement illustrates the jobs created, unemployment rate, and weekly working hours and their earnings. In economic analysis process, consumer confidence is a crucial factor of consideration; as such, consumer confidence index acts as an economic indicator. However, consumers may never receive the goods if they are not provided in the retail sector. This calls for determination of sale of goods within this sector through the use of retail sales index indicator.


For a company that markets laptop computers, retail sales index indicator would be the most significant indicator. This is because the index will aid in providing crucial information to the company on the performance of laptop computers in the existing market. In addition, the indicator will aid the company in formulating an effective strategy of undertaking marketing operations, and conducting risk assessment of the market. Retail sales index will further aid the company in formulating an effective market entry strategy.


Considering MPI ranking, a laptop computer marketing company should first get into Cote d’Ivoire. According to Sabina and Santos, Cote d’Ivoire, depict the middle MPI index. This forms a good foundation for the company to begin in order to analyze the market performance of both extremes of MPI ranking at a central level.


Question three:


A balanced scorecard (BSC) is a tool used by managers of various organizations and institutions to navigate into future mission and goals (Kaplan, & Norton 2). BSC provides managers with a framework that aids in strategic management and measurement in order to achieve the desired goals. BSC focuses on four balanced perspectives, which include internal business processes, customers, financial objectives, and learning and growth. The tool guides managers on how to keep an up to date track of financial results, while at the same time monitoring progress of developing capabilities and possessing intangible assets, which are key factors for future growth of the organizations.


Strategy map for coca-cola company:


Figure 1: Strategy map for coca-cola company.


Question four:


New methods of exhibitions and sponsorships help companies in improving their markets through customer attraction. The methods aim at a target market, and companies utilize this opportunity to exploit the market effectively. Since the methods have a direct contact with customers, companies enjoy the benefits of immediate customer feedback. Companies also stand a better chance of evaluation of the market segment effectively.


Taking a case of a bank such as Barclays bank, the efforts of the bank to sponsor various events and participate effectively in exhibitions attracts customers. Therefore, the bank stands a better chance of interacting with the customers directly. Moreover, the bank enjoys the benefits of having direct marketing to the customers.


 


 


 


Cited Works


Kaplan, R, & Norton, D. The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action. United States:


President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1996.


Razin, A, & Sadka, E. The Economics of Globalization: Policy Perspectives from Public Economics.


Cambridge University Press, 1999.


Sabina, A, & Santos, M. Multidimensional Poverty Index: 2010 Data. Oxford Poverty and Human


Development Initiative, 2010.


 



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The Gospel of Mathew Overview Concept essay help tips: essay help tips

 


The Gospel of Mathew


(Author’s name)


(Institutional Affiliation)


 


The Gospel of Mathew


Abstract


The Gospel of Mathew is the first book in the New Testament and it dates back to the second century a.d. The main content of this first Gospel is related to issues on Judaism. Furthermore, it has provided a commendable transition to the New Testament from the Old Testament.


Content Reaction


The Gospel of Mathew has quite a strong connection to the Old Testament. Mathew has effectively ensured that the teachings of Jesus mostly concerning Judaism are known. He insisted that prophesies in the Old Testament were fulfilled by Jesus.  He also preached new laws in various sermons like the one he gave while up on a mountain. Jesus had to hide in Egypt in the same manner that Moses did in order to get away from a vengeful king (Mertzger & Ehrman, 2005). Also, Moses took forty years to deliver the Israelites while in the wilderness, and Jesus was in the wilderness for forty nights and days while being tempted. It is thus clear that there is a continuation of the Old Testament in the Gospel of Mathew through the actions of Jesus Christ (Kaiser & Garret, 2006).


The Positive Reflection in Mathew is that there are three key themes that have been echoed in the various passages in the Gospel of Mathew. Firstly, it is about the faith people need to have in God and this against any worldly or visible rewards or results. Secondly, it is about having faith in God and the reward that people will receive if they follow God and become his servants. Thirdly, it is about the downplaying and general matters concerning the people who were against God and the value of God’s power. The Gospel of Mathew is a book that truly reflects the true nature of God and the plans that he has for mankind. Therefore, the book is relevant to people who want to have a future in Heaven if they follow God’s teachings (Kaiser & Garret, 2006).


The Gospel of Mathew can sometimes attract quite a number of criticisms, especially among people who are in doubt of Jesus’ miracles. Even some of the people who saw him performing miracles did not believe him, and others even thought that he got his powers from the devil. However, the miracles performed by Jesus were for the purpose of doing good and not evil (Kaiser & Garret, 2006). It means that the devil only uses his power to cause harm and not to benefit people. People who want to gain entry into ministry should be well informed about this gospel so as to remove any skepticism that people may have (Mertzger & Ehrman, 2005). This is thus the critical reflection that exists concerning the Gospel of Mathew.


Personally, I believe that it is evident that Jesus had come to earth in order to let people know and see God’s power. He therefore went to many towns where he performed miracles and urged people to repent. In my opinion, I believe that people would not have believed Jesus if he claimed that he was the son of God without any proof. People tend to believe the words of people who can provide evidence for their claims and in this case it was through performing miracles. The journey of Jesus’ life is extremely interesting because it is about a man who was quite different from the ordinary man. There are not many people who can undergo the suffering that Jesus went through and still abide by their faith. Indeed, the Gospel of Mathew has a lot of valuable information regarding the life of Jesus and its importance to Christians.


 


 


 


 


References


Kaiser, W. & Garret, Duane. (2006). NIV Archeological Study Bible: An Illustrated Walk through Biblical History and Culture. New York: Zondervan.


Mertzger, B. & Ehrman, Bart. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



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UNDERSTANDING THE GLOBAL ECONOMY grad school essay help: grad school essay help

 


 


The Global Economy


 


By (Author)


 


 


 


 


Name of the Class (Course)


Professor (Tutor)


Name of the School (University)


City


Date


 


Introduction


Fundamental questions arise as to whether the world economy is becoming more globalized, internationalized, westernized and neo-liberalized. In this paper, this paper will present a very critical and comprehensive discussion in an attempt to answer this question. It will analyze the global economy from the view points of the radicals, skeptics, and pragmatics. The fact that globalization is making the world a global village is not in doubt. As such, it does bring different people of diverse economic backgrounds together and shapes the world’s economic thought patterns a great deal.


Global Economy Defined


A global economy can be defined as a worldwide economic activity that goes beyond the boundaries of countries and regions. It is characterized by liberalization, free trade, globalization of economic activities, connectivity, borderless globe, composite processes, multi-dimensional processes, and strong presence of the civil societies and groups (Bauman, 2000; 26). Various scholars subscribing to different schools of thought have different viewpoints with regards to the globalization, internalization, neo-liberalization and westernization of the world’s economy.


A Globalized World Economy


Globalization is not a new phenomenon in the 21st century.  It refers to the process of international integration that arises from the interchange of the global products, world views and cultural aspects. Globalization is a phenomenon that has been made possible by the constant and continuous improvements and inventions in the fields of transport and communication. The new information and communication technologies have shrunk the world into a form of the global village where people meet and conduct business easily on a global scale (Archibugi, and Michie, 1997; 45). The question as to whether the world’s economy is becoming more globalized is answered from the viewpoints of different scholars.


The radicals argue strongly in favor of globalization and believe that the world’s economy is becoming more globalized. They believe that globalization of the world’s economy is a good thing that should be encouraged and nurtured for the well being of the global market and economy. The radicals believe that the world economy should be liberalized to allow freedom of the business people to establish their trade, industry and commerce at home or abroad (McBride and Wiseman, 2000; 102). They favor the free exchange of goods, services, technologies between different countries. They are strong opponents of the fact that the world economy is getting globalized each passing day,  this should be seen in free trade between various countries, elimination of excessive trade barriers imposed by governments and the globalization of economic activities (World Bank, 2002; 45). The radicals further want to see a global society that is interconnected with the aid of improved information and communication infrastructure. Further, they fight for a borderless society where every person with good intentions has the opportunity to invest and make life worthwhile for the whole society. Accordingly, the radicals are strong fighters of globalization who believe in nurturing it for the well being of both the current and future generations (Mittelman, 2000; 187-8).


The concept that the world economy is becoming more globalized is one that makes little sense to skeptics. Skeptics are individuals who are near pessimists. They do not look at globalization and a feasible process that can deliver any benefit to the world economy (Spybey, 1996; 24). They are skeptical about the improvements that take place in the information and communication industry. Unlike the radicals, skeptics do not argue in support of globalization. They look at the negative aspects of globalization. They will always want to point at issues like international terrorism that have been made easy. The benefits of globalization of the world economy do not appeal to them at all. They do not support globalization and will not argue to support the fact that the world economy is getting more globalized. Interestingly, the skeptics will never argue much against the concept of globalization although their views are generally negative (Sullivan, 2000; 66-9). They doubt globalization and its trends in the current world market.


The pragmatics looks at issues as they are. They are realists who will waste no time to state their observations without subjectivity or biases. In the issue of globalization, pragmatics, like the radicals believe that the world economy is getting more globalized (World Bank, 2002; 45). The improvements in communication and transportation infrastructure and technologies is a fact that pragmatics cannot deny. The economy is getting much globalized at a very unprecedented rate. In various facets of life, globalization almost takes part. Today, there is a lot of e-commerce, e banking, electronic ordering of goods and services and other facilities. All these have made it easy for businesses and economies to operate in a global front. These factors would not have been realized without globalization. Pragmatics will also point out the dangers of a global economy as they are. There are many disadvantages associated with globalization. However, these disadvantages do not make globalization an alien concept. It is a change that has come to the current generation, and it is likely to improve in the generations to come. People continue to invent in the field of communication and information technology (Archibugi, and Michie, 1997; 98). Powerful technologies come to the world market each passing day. There is no method that will be used to curtail the generation of human ideas. This implies that people will always continue to think, generate ideas and make globalization a continuous process. To pragmatics, globalization is not a concept that will go away soon, but one that is in the world to stay. As such, the world economy will continue to get more globalized with the passing of time (Mittelman, 1996; 92).


Internationalization


International trade deals with good, service and payment flows between different countries and policies that regulate these flows and their national wealth effects. It is the trade that deals with the physical goods exchange among many countries and the problems that arise from these transactions (Bauman, 2000; 121-2). There is also the international finance that deals with policies regulating foreign trade markets, the balance of payments and imbalances.


The first step to advance the theory of internationalization of the world economy was put forward by Adam Smith. Smith had certain assumptions highlighted below: the real sector and monetary exchanges are independent of each other; prices are elastic and can be determined under perfect competition; factors of production tend to be mobile internally (within countries), but immobile between countries (Spybey, 1996; 55). He also suggests that the level of technology may be similar within countries but vary among different countries. Moreover, the tastes of consumers are a constant that cannot be affected by international trade. The distribution of income also ought to be constant in such an international market, and there should be no trade barriers (McBride and Wiseman, 2000; 123-4). The major distinction between globalization and internationalization is in the form of technology. Globalization is more about the use of the new communication and communication technologies including the application of information systems. On the other hand, internalization is more focused on the physical trade among different countries.


Internalization of the world economy is also a concept that has been made possible through the advancement in the transportation industry. Such advancements make it possible for people from a different country to gain access to other countries of the world and trade. Again, the radicals fight for freedom and penetration to different countries to physically trade without government restrictions.  They are positive about the fact that the global economy is becoming more internationalized. Moreover, they seek to increase this internationalization so that the physical goods and services can move freely between countries. Realists also hold similar sentiments (Nye and Donahue, 2000; 198). They also believe that internationalization is a positive concept that should be nurtured to deliver value to countries and their citizens. Internalization makes it easy for countries to export and import the goods and services they produce. It is a timely concept that may have disadvantages, but whose advantages outweigh the demerits. The advances in the transport industry continue to make internalization feasible, and if the trend continues, the world’s economy will continue to get more internationalized (Sullivan, 2000; 72). The growth in the use of common international languages such as English and information literacy is the ingredients that will continue to make internationalization a reality that the world and its skeptics will have to contend with. Internationalization is not a societal vice, but a tool towards progress that every society that seeks progress must welcome with both hands (Archibugi, and Michie, 1997; 67).  It is a concept that has come at the right time and should be guarded and allowed to see many generations to come. Skeptics may not believe in the concept of internalization, being the cynical individuals that they are.  However, the realists have proved that this is a phenomenon that will live to see the light of day.


Views on Westernization of the World’s Economy


The issue of the westernization of the world’s economy is very critical and controversial one. Economies are greatly affected by other factors such as cultures, politics and religion. Many aspects of the western culture have spread across the globe making it possible for many to be tempted to think that the world’s economy is soon getting westernized. Some of the traditional cultures that used to be prominent in some continents such as Africa are slowly fading and getting replaced by the western culture (Nye and Donahue, 2000; 117). They disappear and get marginalized. Aspects such as western clothing are taking shape across the globe. In India, the traditional men’s wear is slowly going into extinction. The case is not different in Africa and China. The field of dating, relationships and marriages are not left out either. Western entertainment is also taking shape at a very first rate. People from many parts of the globe listen to the western music and watch their movies. On the other hand, it is worth noting that the western people rarely assimilate these aspects of culture from other regions (McBride and Wiseman, 2000; 166).


The subject of westernization of the world’s economy is, therefore, one that invites discussion from realists, idealists, skeptics and radicals. The realists will always point out to the reality of the matter that most parts of the world tend to assimilate the western way of doing things (Gray, 2010; 29). As such, the economy of the world, to some extent, is getting westernized. They will not hesitate, however, to point out that there are also a number of cultures that remain conservative and will not assimilate the western culture just yet. The skeptics, as usual, are torn between whether to agree that the world’s economy is getting westernized or not (Clark, 1997; 61-3). They are the doubters who still have no stand on whether to support or reject the apparent westernization of the global economy.


The radicals tend to fight for freedom for all economies. They would not support the perceived westernization of the world economies. According to Friedman (2000; 34), radicalism believes in a diversified economy that gives breathing space to all cultures, races, and religion. They would not advocate for the westernization of cultures that throw some traditional ones into oblivion. These discussions are interesting and should be looked at with objectivity. The world’s economy may be getting more westernized, but this westernization has both merits and demerits (Gray, 2010; 41).


Neo-liberalization of the World’s Economy


Neo-liberalization refers to the set of policies in an economy that denotes new economical, political or even religious ideas. It is a concept that has spread and become popular in the last 25 years. The notion that the world is becoming more neo-liberalized has also elicited a lot of debates among scholars who subscribe to different schools of thought. In some countries like the United States, political liberalization is a concept that is used to counter the potential social conflicts. Neo-liberalization is presented to both the working class and the poor as a progressive as opposed to conservative (Griffin, 2006; 59). Economic liberalism, on the other hand, is a different kind of one altogether.


The new school of liberalist economists became popular in Europe during the time of Adam Smith who published a book, “The Wealth of Nations”, Adam and others strongly fought for the abolishment of interventions by governments in economic matters affecting the society (Archibugi, and Michie, 1997; 72). They were opposed to the ideas of restrictions on matters related to commerce, manufacturing. They were also against the idea of imposing tariffs by governments. Adam said that free trade was way out to develop the economies of nations. The ideas were liberal in that they advocated for the abolishment of controls. The application of their ideas encouraged free competition and trade.


In liberalization, it is the market that rules. This implies that there is free enterprise from the government restrictions. It implies great openness to investment and international trade. Neo-liberalization also implies the removal of price controls. The markets are free to impose their own prices without any fear of government restriction. According to Bauman, the proponents of neo-liberalization argue that the unregulated market is the most suitable way of increasing economic growth which will ultimately conduce to the benefit of every member of the society (2000; 78).


Neo liberalization also advocates for the reduction of public expenditure at the expense of social services including healthcare and education. This suggests that there is a reduction of safety nets for the poverty struck and the construction and maintenance of bridges, roads, and water supply (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 1997). Moreover, it is characterized by deregulation of everything that may lead to diminishing profits and the protection of the environment.


Another element of neo-liberalization is privatization. It advocates for the sale of the public property and enterprises to the private investors. These private property are rails, roads, banks, electricity, schools, fresh water and hospitals. It also advocates for the elimination of the concept of the community or public good and putting the responsibility in the hands of individuals to find solutions to their own problems. The society is struck by problems ranging from inadequate or poor healthcare, lack of education, and inadequate social security (Nye and Donahue, 2000; 156). The responsibility over these services is then placing directly in the hands of the individual members of the society.


To answer the question as to whether the world is getting more liberalized, I will look at the viewpoints of realists, skeptics and radicals. The pragmatics is usually characterized by a high sense of civil society groups who often take a strong position to fight for the rights of the society. Those who subscribe to the school of thought would therefore, argue in support of a liberalized economy where the interference of the government on the interests of individuals is limited substantially (Clark, 1997; 54; Griffin, 2006; 75). In cases where the government refuses to comply with the need to reduce restrictions, the realists will put pressure on the government to provide quality services to its citizenry.


The skeptics are not usually sure whether neo-liberalism is a societal good or evil. As usual, they are doubters who are not sure about many things. In philosophy, skeptics are not sure about reality; they are not even sure about their own existence (McGrew, et al., 1992; 56). As such, they cannot be sure about whether neo-liberalization is good for the global economy. They cannot be trusted to give the answer as to whether the world’s economy is getting more neo-liberalized.


My Position


Having gone through the different schools of thoughts by the pragmatics, skeptics and radicals about the globalization, westernization, internationalization and neo-liberalization of the world’s economy, I can give an informed view on the subject. With regards to globalization, it is true that the world’s economy is getting more globalized as time progresses. Globalization can be felt in every sector of the world’s economy. The advancements in information and communication technologies and in the transport industry have made globalization possible. Now, more than ever, countries are able to exchange goods and services easily with such advances. Individuals are able to interact and order for goods and services from different countries across the globe. Globalization is at its heights and the world continues to get interconnected, thereby shrinking the world into a village-like economy.


Internationalization, just like globalization is also on the rise. The rate at which physical goods, services and people move from different countries is so high that it is feasible to conclude that the world’s economy is getting more internationalized. This internationalization, like globalization, is a product of the advancement in transportation technologies, which makes the movement of goods and services quite easy.


As for the westernization of the world’s economy, I would play the part of a skeptic. I do not believe entirely that the world will get exclusively westernized. There are aspects of cultures that different communities in different parts of the globe have lived to nurture and getting some of them westernized is not going to be a possible phenomenon. The fact of the matter is that most cultures are increasingly assimilating the western cultures. But I do not believe that the world economy is going to become absolutely westernized.


With regards to neo-liberalization, there are aspects that countries are borrowing, but again, it is not an aspect that will be realized across the globe like globalization. There are governments that have encouraged privatization of the public property. It is also worth noting at this point that most governments still put restrictions, tariffs and trade barriers, thereby making it difficult for neo-liberalization to be a subject of the global nature. Therefore, I can state that there are aspects of neo-liberalism that some countries have adopted and others that have not been adopted.


Conclusion


In conclusion, it is feasible to note that the aspects of globalization, internationalization and westernization are increasing with the passing time. There are also aspects of neo-liberalization that are becoming popular in some economies. The global economy is opening up, and countries are grabbing the opportunity to benefit from the increased interconnectedness and advancements in technology which make this wide economy possible.  A global economy is good for the prosperity of different nations and people of the world.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Bibliography


 


 


Acheson, Dean, 2009, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department, New York: Norton.


Agnew, John A. and Stuart Corbridge, 2005, Mastering Space: Hegemony, Territory and International Political Economy, New York: Routledge.


Archibugi, Daniele and Michie, Jonathan, 1997, Technology, Globalisation and Economic Performance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Bauman, Zygmunt, 2010, Globalization, New York, Columbia University Press.


Berger, Peter L. and Huntington, Samuel P., 2002, Many Globalizations: Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World. New York: Oxford University Press.


Bhagwati, Jagdish N., 2002, The Wind of the Hundred Days: How Washington Mismanaged Globalization, Cambridge, MIT Press.


Brittan, Sir Leon, 2007, “Globalization vs. Sovereignty? The European Response,” the Rede Lecture, Cambridge University.


Clark, Ian, 1997, Globalization and Fragmentation: International Relations in the Twentieth Century, New York: Oxford University Press.


Drucker, Peter, September-October, 1997, “The Global Economy and the Nation State?” Foreign Affairs.


Feenstra, Robert C. and Gordon H. Hanson, 1996, “Globalization, Outsourcing, and Wage Inequality,” American Economic Review, 86: 240-251.


Friedman, Thomas L., 2000, The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization, 1st Anchor Books Edition, New York: Anchor Books.


Giddens, Anthony, 2000, Runaway World: How Globalization is Reshaping Our Lives, London: Routledge.


Gray, John, 2010, False Dawn: The Delusions of Global Capitalism, New York: New Press.


Greider, William, 1997, One World, Ready or Not: The Manic Logic of Global Capitalism, New York: Simon & Schuster.


Griffin, Keith, 2006, Studies in Globalization and Economic Transitions, London: ICS.


Krugman, Paul R. and Anthony J. Venables, 1995, “Globalization and the Inequality of Nations,” Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1995, working paper series, number 5098.


Mander, Jerry and Edward Goldsmith, 1997, The Case Against the Global Economy, New York: Sierra Club Books.


McBride, Stephen and John Wiseman, 2000, Globalization and its Discontents, New York: St. Martin’s Press.


McGrew, Anthony G., Paul G. Lewis, et al., 1992, Global Politics: Globalization and the Nation-State, Oxford, Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers.


Micklethwait, John and Adrian Wooldridge, 2000, A Future Perfect: The Challenge and Hidden Promise of Globalization, New York: Random House.


Mittelman, James H., 1996, Globalization: Critical Reflections, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.


Mittelman, James H., 2000, The Globalization Syndrome: Transformation and Resistance, Princeton: Princeton University Press.


Nye, Joseph S. and John D. Donahue, 2000, Governance in a Globalizing World, Washington: Brookings Institution Press.


Ohmae, Kenichi, 1990, The Borderless World: Power and Strategy in the International Economy, New York: HarperBusiness.


Spybey, Tony, 1996, Globalization and World Society, Cambridge, Mass.: Polity Press.


Sullivan, Jeremiah J., 2000, The Future of Corporate Globalization: From the Extended Order to the Global Village, Westport, Connecticut: Quorum Books.


Thurow, Lester C., 1996, The Future of Capitalism: How Today’s Economic Focus Shapes Tomorrow’s World, New York: William Morrow.


Toffler, Alvin and Heidi, 1995, Creating a New Civilization: The Politics of the Third Wave, Atlanta: Turner Publishing, Inc.


United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 1997, World Investment Report, 1997: Transnational Corporations, Market Structure and Competition Policy, New York; Geneva: United Nations.


Waters, Malcolm, 2001, Globalization, Second Edition, London, New York: Routledge.


World Bank, 2002, Globalization, Growth, and Poverty: Building an Inclusive World Economy, Washington DC: World Bank and New York: Oxford University Press.


 



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Factors that can influence the absentee rates easy essay help: easy essay help

Chapter 4


Question 1



The various factors that can influence the absentee rates amongst sales associates include:
Illness: All employees are entitled to sick offs and this may affect the absentee rates amongst employees.
Time of the shift (Early or Late): The highest number of absentees would definitely be from the early shift, as most employees would find it a challenge to report for the early shift as compared to the late shift.


Penalties for absenteeism: If the company has lenient penalties for absenteeism, most of the sales associates may take advantage of that.


Set targets: In cases where the employees are given set targets, most would abscond from work after achieving their targets.
i) The country’s business policies: A country’s monetary and fiscal policies directly influence a company’s profitability.
ii) Availability of cheap labor: Most businesses will target areas where the cost of production is low in order to maximize profits

iii) Ease of setting up the business: In cases where the process of setting up a business in terms of requirements is not cumbersome, more new businesses will be set up.



iv) Investment in infrastructure: A country’s investment in infrastructure will attract more investors, as it will lower the cost of doing business in the given country.
i) The season: Skiing is a seasonal sport, this therefore means that there are certain times during the year in which data may not be quite as easy to come by.
ii) The level of disclosure allowed by the resorts: Some resorts may opt not to disclose in full in order to avoid loss of clients, this may affect the data collected in terms of severity of injuries.

Question 2



i) The community in question must be identified and a definite target sample size determined

Question 4



Current storage density 5 TB

Current transistor count


4.6 Case Study: Models of Advertising Effectiveness


Business Problem


Question 1


This sketch suggests a direct relationship between sales and advertising seconds, whereby the rate of sales is directly proportional to the amount of advertising hours. The more the advertising time, the more the sales.



Sketch an alternative relationship between the number of seconds of daily advertising

and sales and write a brief description explaining this relationship.


Sales


 













 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Ad time in Seconds


In this case, initially sales are directly affected by the number of advertising minutes, with sales increasing with every increase in advertising time, until it (sales) gradually begins to slow down and finally reaches a plateau phase, where regardless of how much more advertising time is added, sales does not change.



The following table gives data from the past five TV advertising campaigns.




Advertising Time
Sales (in 1000 units)


30
9


90
22


120
34


150
26


180
37.5



 



Plot the data and sketch a model that you think adequately represents the

data.


The best model would be a linear regression model.



Using your model, quantify the relationship between advertising time and

sales.


The relationship is a direct one, where sales increases with increase in advertising seconds.



Use your model to predict the number of units sold for 180 seconds.

38,500 units.



What would you expect sales to be for 300 seconds of advertising time? Do

you have any reservations about this prediction?


The prediction would be about 65000 unit sales for 300 seconds of advertising time. This in my opinion is not realistic, as it suggests that there would be no slowing down of sales, or even a ceiling for the amount of sales. In addition it also suggests that there are no other factors affecting sales.


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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