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Topic 6 DQ 2

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of cross-sectional studies and examples of how they can be “descriptive” or “analytic” study designs. Discuss an example of a disease where survival could influence the association between a possible exposure and the disease when measured with a cross-sectional study. Do not discuss examples used in the textbook.

answer this question below?

1-In my organization the safety committee used is IDT (Inter Disciplinary Team. Interdisciplinary teams are an approach to healthcare that integrates multiple disciplines through collaboration. These teams can help ensure that patients receive the best care and also improve how medical facilities function (Indeed, 2021). In my organization IDT meets once a week to discuss the residents care, address new complaints and update the residents care plan accordingly.
In the IDT meeting there is a representative for both staff and residents and in some cases a family member is invited to join the meeting if there is a pressing issue that need to be address. Upon investigation there is not a regulatory requirement to report or publish notes. However, the use of Point click care is utilized to report new notes on a patient, give new safety goals and address violations of safety procedure already in place. Since all the Healthcare professionals has access to point click, its usage is effective and efficient. The excuse of a healthcare professional not being update on what is being done will not stand because it is the notes are the first thing seen before any charting begin!
Indeed Editorial Team. (2021, May 27). What is an interdisciplinary team? definition, importance and advantages. Indeed Career Guide. Retrieved January 13, 2022, from… —
2- Of of the safety committees that my organization has is the Fall Risk committee. They are required to meet once a month to go over the falls that happened in the hospital the pervious month. they look at the PEARLs that were summited about the falls or near misses that happened. A PEARL is a platform that the hospital uses to write down/ report any issues that happen in the hospital. You can report anything from falls, medication errors, miss handling, unsafe working environment, etc.. It is the man platform used by the risk management team to find out other issues within the hospital that may need to be addressed further for patient and employee safety. After the Fall committee find out about the falls and why they occurred then they can either create a new action plan for prevention of this issue. They may be action plan already in place such as, if a patient has a Fall Risk score of 50 or above they are marked as a Fall Risk and much have a bed alarm on, yellow socks, and chair alarm in the room. However due to increase in fall at our hospital the fall committee developed an audit that has to be completed by the charge nurse. They are required to enter each room and mark down if the patient is a fall risk and if so is their bed alarm on, yellow socks on, chair alarm in room/on, and a gait belt in the room. This is just one example of an action plan done by the fall committee at my organization.
The committee does have an individual that take notes of the meeting every month however they are not published for who hospital to have access too. I am also unaware of how many member are in the group but that they meet once a month either in person or on video chat. /being on a committee is not a requirement in our organization. Therefore it is a volunteer based committee but you do get points towards your yearly raise and clinical ladder if a nurse is apart of the committee. Therefore this is a great use of the staff time because it is by volunteer only. It also help with fall prevention inside my organization. Not every fall can be 100% prevented however having a team dedicated to helping pervent them is one step closer.
-Katie Danhauer-
3-Addressing infection control is important because it helps to prevent and stop the spread of infections in healthcare settings. Addressing infection control is more effective when elements about how the infection spreads, how it can be prevented, and their recommendations for doing so are considered and acted upon (Anderson et al., 2017). One of the measures that can be implemented in a healthcare organization to enhance the delivery of safe health care services and prevent the spread of infection is hand washing devices at each public entrance in the hospital facility. Ensuring hand hygiene is an important and cost-effective way of reducing the prevalence of infections in any healthcare organization (Anderson et al., 2017). Handwashing using soap can help to eliminate germs from hands and reduce infections due to the frequent acts of touching the eyes, nose, or mouth without realizing it.
Another measure for enhancing the delivery of safe health care services and preventing the spread of infection is ensuring the availability of personal protective equipment for workers. This equipment will help individuals in the healthcare setting protect themselves from exposure or contact with infectious agents (Cummings et al., 2016). Common personal protective equipment that should be available includes equipment appropriate for different types of patient interaction, such as gloves, face shields, protective eyewear, face masks, and protective clothing.
Finally, healthcare organizations can also ensure the highest standards of workplace cleanliness to help in supporting the delivery of safe healthcare services and avoiding the spread of infections (Cummings et al., 2016). This measure can be achieved by ensuring that floors, bathrooms, and other surfaces are washed regularly; that disinfectants are used for cleaning up blood and other spills; and that the walls and ceilings are also washed periodically. — Estrella Temprano-
4-Everyday there are changes made in the way we practice healthcare, OSHA and the Joint Commission are constantly coming up with new requirements to keep our facilities safe. For example, last years flu season was the deadliest season I have witness since becoming a health care worker. I remember our ER being filled with flu and droplet precaution patients.
Standard 1: The hospital offers vaccination against influenza to licensed independent practitioners (LIPs) and staff. In my facility you are required to get the flu shot unless you have medical reasons preventing it, if you do not get the flu shot you can’t work. There must be very clear workforce guidelines to keep staff from coming to work with influenza.
Standard 2: Requiring visitors to wear a mask who have a cold, cough, or any flu like symptoms. Some organizations fail to implement respiratory hygiene as part of their infection control plan (IC 02.01.01, EP 7) which includes ensuring that staff, licensed independent practitioners (LIPs) , patients, and families understand their roles in preventing and controlling infections and the need to cover their
coughs. Having people wear a mask when they are coughing is a crucial step in stopping the transmission of respiratory pathogens, including influenza. Anyone who is coughing in a healthcare facility should wear a mask if they are physically able or at least cover their cough with a tissue or elbow (Garcia, 2018).
3. Proper hand sanitation outside of each patients room and at the entrance of the hospital and each unit. My hospital recently just installed all new automatic hand sanitizing machines outside of each patients room. Previously, we had sanitizer pumps where we had to push it down with our dirty hands in order to get the sanitizer. Infection control tested some of the areas with the pumps and come to find out, they were putting more germs on your hand than actually cleaning them. For many hospitals, creating a touchless environment has boosted the level of staff comfort concerning the washroom, in many cases allowing them to use the facilities without touching even one surface from the time the enter the washroom to the time they exit. These include: auto-on and auto-off faucets; automatic, self- flushing toilets and urinals; auto-on and auto-off soap dispensers; automatic paper towel dispensers; and toilet seat covers activated by the touch of a button (Going, 2017)–Adiel Fabregas-
1-There are so many different practices and rituals surrounding death and dying. Native Americans have a ritual that helps the soul of their loved one leave the person’s body. Those in the military often have a special service that honors the fallen person with other members of the community and department. For Christians, a funeral with a visitation with a service of celebration of life is common. In Argentina, it is common for funerals to cost similar in price to a wedding. They also hold a service for the person on the one-year anniversary of their passing. In Japanese culture they wash and cleanse the body of the person as well as prepare their favorite foods for their service. In Chinese culture, if the burial/funeral is not done correctly, it is believed to cause bad luck for the family. In Indian culture, they believe they are able to help their loved one become reincarnated and reach a state of nirvana. Indonesian culture also believes in a sort of afterlife. In African culture, it is believed that the person may come back to haunt the family and community if they were not buried correctly. They are also taken their burial site in a confusing route so their soul is not able to wander home. They also remove the person’s bed as soon as they can (Applebury, 2022). These are just some examples of death and dying rituals.
Death and dying rituals are so significant because they are a part of one’s culture. As health care providers, we should respect these beliefs and wishes and do our best to help our patients accommodate these. Everyone goes through the grieving process differently, allowing the family to go through their chosen death and dying ritual will also help the family process their grief and hopefully br8ing them some sort of peace. –Lauren Siwy-
2-Death and dying practices worldwide differ and are affected by many factors like culture, religion, personal beliefs and traditions. in the United States, cremations and caskets are the preferred methods of burials. Many Americans hold wakes before the funeral services and post-funeral receptions to honor the dead. Native Americans believe in helping the spirit of the dead leave the body and using seasons and nature to guide them. Latin American cultures involve Catholic qualities and celebrate and honor the dead. They also have day of the Dead celebrations. In Peru, they will chew cocoa leaves to allow them to join their loved one. they believe that the dead are in a deep trance of sleep after they pass and others believe they are in another world or realm. The thought of death and what may or may not come differ greatly from culture to culture and they have their own different views. Even though certain practices and belief seem unique and so different, it is considered the norm in their culture. Death rituals provide people a way to deal with death and to be able to express and grieve their loss and is a part of the healing process (Applebury, 2022).
Edgar Ruiz
3-Hi Professor and Class,
A culture other the mine who’s death rituals I find to be fascinating are the Native Americans, I believe every Trade has their own rituals, but they seem to be all about the spirit moving on, In the Lakota Tribe, the dead are not considered “passed away”, but instead they just “walk on” continuing the journey. The mourning period consists of grieving in the form of crying, wailing, singing and cutting of hair and ones body, and the seven sacred ceremonies of pipe. Hair is cut from the dead and purified by holding it over sweetgrass, then wrapped in buckskin. Lakota peoples funeral las Two day and are quite intense. People who “walk on are buried in high places, so they are closer to the spirits (Wallace, n. d.).
The way I would adopt my care for the Lakota people using the CARING tool would be, hopefully the same I do for all my patients,
Compassion: I would be compassionate and ethical towards their needs, beliefs and choices.
Advocacy: I would encore and help other staff to be able to respect the patients wish, choices and traditions.
Respect: I would respect them, their chooses and requests, and help them out however I can.
Interaction: by just listening, gaining Knowledge into their culture and beliefs, and providing what ever help that I can.
Negotiation:through listening, and talking with the patient, family and care team, I can help the team come up with a care plan, respecting the patients beliefs and culture.
Guidance: Though interacting with the patient and family, I will learn and try to help others understand and respect the patients culture and beliefs.
I hope and Believe I do this for all my patients, we should always be cultural sensitive toward all our patients no matter what their culture, beliefs, or religion is.—Douglas Lander–
4–For the Cherokee Indian a death is a transition and not an end. Services are performed by a Cherokee shaman the day after death. Cherokee do no embalm their dead and they do not do organ donation. Ground burials are traditional for the Cherokee. In order for a Cherokee to be prepared for burial they must be washed with lavender scented oil. The oil is believed to cleanse the body of impurities. A white cotton sheet is then wrapped around the body and they are placed in their coffin then an eagle feather is placed with the body. Shaman leads prayer and the body is carried to the burial grounds. Funerals should be performed the day of or the day after death. A seven day mourning period away from the tribe is traditional as this allows the survivors to be spiritually cleansed. Any items that belonged to the deceased are then removed and the shaman performs a cleanse of the house. After these seven days the mourners go to the river and the shaman has them rinse themselves seven times while facing east and west. They are then given fresh clothing and provided tobacco and beads. At this time they are allowed to rejoin the tribe.
I would adapt my care for the Cherokee using the following scenarios:
C for Compassion: I would be ethical in their beliefs and allow them to perform their rituals based on their choices.
A for Advocacy: I would encourage those around them that may disagree that the beliefs of the patient and the immediate family is what matters and that they should understand their history.
R for Respect: Providing respect and ensuring that others will respect their traditions as well will help the families in their time of mourning and encourage the family to take part in their traditions.
I for Interaction: I would listen to the needs of the family and make myself knowledgeable so that I can help prepare the body to the best of my ability for their transition.
N for Negotiation: Creating a plan of care through understanding of their cultural traditions will help not only myself but other caregivers and the family with the steps that follow.
G for Guidance: I would help to educate others, advise and counsel others and give hope to the families that their traditions will be respected.
The mourning period is a difficult time for families and loved ones, being by their side and providing support is the best way that a caregiver can be their for the patients during their time of passing. Allowing families to be traditional in their beliefs allows them to be able to mourn properly and be able to continue their own paths all while knowing they did right by their deceased loved one.
Angie Shaffer

Topic 6 DQ 1

Nursing Assignment Help Describe the common characteristics and design of a case-control study. Discuss the three important features when it comes to selecting cases and controls and identify a situation when one of these might be violated. Discuss the limitations of using questionnaires for determining exposure status and provide examples of alternative strategies for collecting this information in a case-control study.

Define the Problem

For this assignment, you will:
1. Define the problem. (I strongly advise that you select a practice-related issue (for example: falls, CAUTI, CLABSI, staffing), and avoid choosing a large, social / public health issue, such as homelessness, the opioid crisis, vaccination avoidance, COVID-19, et al, unless you are addressing them in regard to how your specific workplace would approach one of these issues.)
2. Identify the problem to be addressed and the setting in which it occurs.
3. Outline your proposal to address the problem.
4. Identify and discuss ethical, legal, and regulatory concerns relating to the problem. (Address all 3)
5. Explain why you chose the problem. (Final paragraph)
Format your assignment as one of the following: 7- to 10-slide presentation (with 100 words speaker notes per slide) or 875-word paper. Bullet points have to be in order. Use “First person” (I, Mine, Me, etc)
Cite at least 2 scholarly references. Must be organized in APA level 1 headings format.

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