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Twelve Angry Men. Beyond A Reasonable Doubt Academic Essay Help

A world that is governed by appropriate laws and operates on a sound legal system guarantees justice and fairness to its people in entirety irrespective of their class, race or gender (Adler, 2007). Most of the innocent people have been subjected to unjust hearings by the jury and victimized for the crimes they had never committed courtesy of poor legal system. It is noteworthy that since the onset of civilization, the society has been struggling to adopt a suitable process in punishing the guilty and unleashing the innocent. In the pasty for instance, the citizens were used to pass judgments on certain court cases by a simple majority. Adler (2007) reiterates that the criminal cases in Greece were examples where citizens voted on court cases to punish or to unleash the accused. Besides, disparities in gender, race as well as class stilled rocked the judicial system until recently when changes stated to be witnessed. In the Twelve Angry Men for instance, the jury never included any woman. Moreover, the jury composed of all white people without a single black judge. This demonstrated the degree of disparity in the judicial system.


The aforementioned problems are just but a few issues that have continued to rock the legal systems in many countries. In the recent past, most legal systems depended upon the resilience and intelligence of ordinary citizens to pass important judgments concerning criminal cases (Adler, 2007). Such important aspects of a sound legal system as provision of evidence as well as witnesses in court, offering privileges to the accused against self incrimination and presumption of innocence are vital facets in the accomplishment of fair and just judgments. For instance, in the presumption of innocence concept, the accused is always innocent until proven guilty and the processes of proving the guilt should be beyond any reasonable doubt. Fairness and justice is paramount in the deliberations on serious crimes that may call for death penalty. The issue of death penalty has continued to raise serious human rights concerns in the recent past (Adler, 2007). Deliberations on death penalty have been seen as not only vindictive but also biased racially as witnessed in the Twelve Angry Men.


Many states including the most democratic nations like United States have been casualties of the poor judicial system. The system has bestowed great authority upon the jury to an extent that the accused have been victimized for the crimes they never committed or have been unleashed due to sympathies by the jury. To begin with, judges’ decisions have been narrowed down to the options of declaring guilty and not guilty verdicts in the U.S. In such circumstances, the jury is mandated to providing judgments on vital issues concerning crime cases brought before them. Instead, a set of questions or propositions should be presented before the jury to guide them in their deliberations during trials (Adler, 2007). The jury is then obliged to respond to those questions while passing judgments. Adler (2007) argues that this would ensure a transparent and intellectual deliberation process. Moreover, the facts concerning the crime would be established. Such facts may include whether the crime was committed accidentally or intentionally, through excessive cruelty, treachery or recklessness, with simple or gross negligence (Adler, 2007). According to Adler (2007) such authorities in decision making conferred upon the jury may be used to settle political scores as judges may opt to free criminals as they are not mandated to explain their verdicts. Furthermore, the jury has also freed the accused persons for political sympathies based on the power of the former to establish the mental capacity of the accused (Adler, 2007).


Poor judicial systems are also burdensome to the citizens struggling to prove their innocence before the jury. In the Twelve Angry Men for instance, the accused are left on their own without lawyers who could defend them in such serious cases against them. The witnesses do not produce satisfactory evidence to prosecute the accused and could be easily challenged by the lawyers, however, the accused end up in custody courtesy of the poor legal system as well as the incompetent and biased jury. Countries like Spain for instance have sound judicial system that tackles some of the problems raised above. The jury here follow due process ion deliberating over serious matters. As mentioned earlier, they are obliged to answer a set of questions presented before them during trial so as to enhance intellect in giving verdicts over criminal cases (Adler, 2007).


It is worth appreciating the fact that constitutions have been subjected to amendments in the recent past to correct some of the mistakes the judicial system as well as the incompetent and biased jury have committed. However, a lot more has to be done. For instance, the jury needs to be subjected to a thorough vetting processes in an attempt to retain the most qualified and proficient elites in the judiciary and eliminate the incompetent ones. Moreover, the composition of the jury should be re-examined on the basis of gender as well as race so as to eradicate possibilities of discrimination while deliberating on verdicts.


 


 


Conclusion


Every aspect of the human life revolves around the issues on human rights. Such a basic right can only be guaranteed in a nation that respects the rule of law and governed by a sound judicial system which reinstates and upholds fairness and justice to all. It is through such sound legal system as well as competent jury that the trust of the citizens may be restored. The deliberations on serious crime cases can be pursued in a professional manner and the verdicts such as death penalty may be abolished. In a nutshell, a sound legal system respects the basic human rights and assumes the fundamental role of ensuring justice and fairness to all citizens irrespective of their class, gender or racial backgrounds.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Reference:


Adler, Y. (2007). English through movies: Twelve angry men. Beyond a reasonable doubt or a


            moral certitude? Madrid: Librería-Editorial Dykinson.


 



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Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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“Induced Demand”in transport planning writing an essay help: writing an essay help

 


Induced means refers to a state where one conditions is a consequence of another. In transport planning it is a term that arose following the argument that improvement of infrastructures to cater for traffic volume tends to bring about more use of these infrastructures especially roads than it is usually the case when there is no such improvement. Some planners argue that at the end this results in no gains in terms of easing congestion on the roads. Several related concepts can be used to explain what induced demands refer to.


The first word is exogenous demand factors, which refer to exogenous variables like population, land, income, and employment that have all been used in demand forecasting for the purpose of transport planning. Planners by approximating these variables can predict the traffic volume at a given point. In this case therefore, demand is assumed not to be a factor of direct factors like money price, or transportation infrastructure, but a product of exogenous factors. In such a case, demand is a product of factors that are beyond manipulation of the transport planner.


Another interrelated concept that has been used to describe the state of induced demand in transportation is demand fills capacity. This concept has been used to imply that providing additional capacity of transportation infrastructure results in increased demand. It is an extension of the idea of latent demand, which implies that buyers in the transport market express their wish to use services offered in the system as soon as they are made available. This is usually the case in newly urbanized areas where road networks are being expanded by adding the number if carriages.


The economic concept of elastic demand has also been used to explore the idea of induced demand. It asserts that travel demand is a product of endogenous factors and congestion is seen as a self-regulating condition. Therefore, induced demand as an endogenous change is represented as a shift along the demand curve. Price influencing curve is considered to encompass operating costs, travel time, and accidents. Accordingly, changes in alignment and capacity represent factors that can modify the price and as a result, lead to a shift in the demand curve. Therefore, induced demand can be described as a change alongside the travel demand curve that is due to similar change in endogenous factors, which are construed to include operational cost, time and money and considered as the price. In defining induced travel this will differ with the scope of the market of which the planner is looking at the demand curve. In case the planner is considering the induced demand at a site level, induced travel refers to diversions from other routes. On the other hand, where induced demand is being considered at regional level, it only encompasses new trips to the particular region under investigation (Lee 14).


 


 


 


Q2: In the United States, how do local, government in large metropolitan area address growth management issues?


In some counties zoning ordinances have been used to distribute land to various uses. The local government for instance uses easement agreements signed with private properties owners to control land use. In such agreement the private owners agrees to give up some of their right, for instance that of property subdivision or developing it in particular way, in exchange for payment. Suffolk County is a perfect example of a place where easements have been used to ensure that the Eastern Long Island land remains under agricultural use. Other local governments use tax treatment agreements instead to maintain land under certain uses. In case the local government intention is to preserve land for a particular use say agricultural, it imposes very light tax for such use as compared to using the same on different types of use.


Some states have also adopted neotraditional approach to planning, which advocates for certain urban designs to deal with sprawl. For instance, in the State of Virginia legislations have been passed to compel local municipals to as a requirement connect different land uses. It is also a requirement that roads being developed should provide sidewalks for pedestrians use. To minimize the speed and use of automobile in certain areas legislations also requires that the street be narrower. In California, where rapid population explosion has resulted in overreliance in automobile and related traffic congestion and air pollution problems, neotraditional practices for planning are supported as appropriate ways to deal with the problem. It has been suggested that there is need for high density development to create more room for walking and to support light rail and buses as opposed to automobiles.


Many cities in United States have also embraced the concept of edge city. This is developing a city in the suburb where people are able to access jobs, market, and entertainment facilities. Employers prefer to locate in the edge city because they can access a greater and convenient workforce. On the other hand, retailers are able to access a large population of affluent consumer. The edge city being developed is automobile friendly and characterized by good highways. There are plans to convert some edge city to resemble ordinary city by for instance connecting them with the metropolitan railway. For instance, plans are there to convert Tyson Corner in Fairfax County into an ordinary urban area by developing it as a high rise residential area and adding pedestrians walking.


Q3: Contrast and discuss planning practices between this country and one other nation.


There are significant lessons that planners in United States can learn from their peers in Netherlands. For instance United States continues to experience daunting challenges as a result of urban sprawl. This has resulted in huge global footprints. In contrast Netherlands has the smallest land coverage, but with the highest densities. This means that cities in Netherlands are more sustainable as compared to those of U.S.


This difference is partly dues to difference in urban planning between United States and Netherlands. While in the latter planning takes place at the national level and is well integrated, in U.S planning takes place at the municipal level with only certain land use being managed at the federal government level. Netherlands is also able to integrate community well into the planning process, but in U.S planners still experience numerous resistances from the community in handling zoning regulation. Planners encounter difficulties in their attempt to create control, community action and acceptance of their proposed and existing plans.


In Netherlands transportation, largest proportion of city dwellers prefer cycling and walking, while in United States automobile still makes up for the largest proportion of public transport. This is partly due to urban road design in Netherlands which are characterized by dedicated cycling paths and pedestrian sidewalks. Again, Netherlands planners have embraced high densities in their urban design, which means in any given area there is a mixture of land use. This means a resident of one area does not have to for instance move a long distance when accessing the workplace or shopping mall from their place of residence. In contrast urban sprawl is a major issue for many cities in United States making automobile the preferred mode of transport. Many people in the United States are moving out of the interior city to live in the peripheral or suburbs. There is also a major complaint being raised in U.S that majority of these suburbs are not being planned properly. One of the major concerns raised is that there is a lot of attention being paid to cater for automobile. This has resulted in a greater separation between land uses especially land meant for residential use with other types of use. The outcome is that the distance from one use to the other has become so vast that it is not appropriate to walk and majorities are compelled to depend on the automobile for most errands. These planning practices make living in Netherlands convenient to older people as compared to United States. This is because at their age their sight has already started to become weak and they experience difficulties while driving. Therefore, they are likely to have a good time in Netherlands where land use is well mixed as compared to U.S where they have to depend on automobile to move from residential areas say to a shopping centre. Besides, road designs in U.S are likely to be more dangerous as compared to Netherlands because of the wider streets to cater for automobile coupled with absence of walking paths for the pedestrians.


Q4: Explain what is meant by “structural unemployment”, and why is this concept important for local economic development strategies?


Structural unemployment refers to unemployment that is not an outcome of changing business cycle or economy either expanding or contracting. It can result when a certain population segment is unable to find employment because of economic shift. It can also be due to mismatch between the skills employers are looking for and those skills possessed by unemployed. It can also be as a result of workers living in areas far from where jobs matching their skills are available. It is also as a result of workers not willing to take a particular job because the wage offered are too low compared to what they are looking for. Structural unemployment is generally caused by changes in population, technology, and consumer preferences as well as competition.


If unabated by developing appropriate government polices structural unemployment can be a major problem. The local government should for instance develop appropriate strategies to caution their key industries from competition from foreign based industries. Increased competition in the manufacturing industry is one area that structural unemployment has greatly affected United States. Many manufacturing firms have also relocated their production facilities to China in an attempt to lower their production cost. Local economic strategies to address the emerging loss of job opportunities can include lowering taxes charged for industries locating in specific areas to attract manufacturers plan and create job opportunities. Land use plans should also be developed such that high rise residential areas are closer to the industries. This will bring workers closer to the jobs and enable manufacturers to access large population that can offer labor for their production process.


Mismatch in skills that employers are looking for and those possessed by the unemployed is another major cause of structural unemployment. Structural unemployment can be higher where population is largely dependent on a declining industry for job opportunities. Some of those working in such an industry only have a particular form of skill. As a result, even when the local government address this problem by encouraging other industries to relocate in these areas may be by giving incentives like land and reduced taxation, the problem may not be fully addressed. This is because the local population lacks the type of skills that is needed by the new industry. As a result, there is need to consider developing learning opportunities where the local population can get the necessary skills. This means that there is need to consider providing land for educational use.


Q5: why is regional planning difficult in the United States?


There are many reasons why regional planning is difficult in the United States. The first reason is due to increased powers being vested in the local government in making crucial decisions pertaining to land use. Land development in United States is historically controlled by the local governments and they are driven by their local interests like the need to collect huge taxes and minimize their own social problems with little concern about the rest of the country. This makes regional planning somewhat difficult as decisions pertaining to rare resource are not made collaboratively. In order for regional planning to thrive there is need for participation of different parties to various resources in making key decisions. Existence of individual locality interests may at times hurt those of other communities. For instance, a locality can for instance benefit by clearing a wetland to develop an urban set up, but communities living downstream would suffer from increased floods. Therefore, one of the reasons regional planning is difficult in United States is having local governments that are in control of many resources and absence of laws giving the federal government more powers to control use of certain resources.


Separation of powers in implementing different development issues is also a major problem affecting regional planning. Many land use development decisions are made by powers above the municipalities. At the state level many department and agencies control land use development. A state highway department for instance, has more control on decision on where a new highway will be developed. This in turn has significant effect on the municipality pattern of development. However, when it comes to decision on this kind of development municipality residents and officials may not have much control.


The constitution is another factor that can influence regional planning. It is the document that clearly articulates separation of powers. United States constitution for instance, does not have a provision that clearly spells what powers are vested on the sub-state. Instead, court interpretations provides for allocation of powers to these level by the respective state. Therefore, courts have a lot of control on what local planners should or should not do. The constitution also gives the municipal government powers to regulate and control private land use. It determines when private owners should or should not be compensated because of use of their private land. In some case the courts have given private owners more powers on private land by requiring compensation for certain public uses. This in turn affects regional planning decision like zoning. Legal litigations on zoning are still prevalent in United States. Frequent legal cases on many issues concerning regional planning cause huge financial losses.


Works Cited


Lee, D. B. Induced Traffic and Induced Demand. (N.d.) Web.



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


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Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Stakeholder Participation Effective Water Management. scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

At a time when globalization trends are increasingly having adverse implications on the entire natural resource base, the ability to focus on, analyze and effectively address the ensuing negative impacts is of paramount importance. It can not be disputed that natural resources are critical for human survival and wellbeing. In particular, water resources have direct influences on the existence of humanity. They not only provide humans with various resources that are employed for sustenance but they also cater for their social and economic needs. Indeed, the importance of this resource in supporting life and enhancing production can not be underestimated. Yet regardless of this realization, current social and economic practices continue to impact negatively on the water resources. Incidences of increased pollution and extinction of vital biodiversity that reside in these bodies ascertain to this. The adopted intervention measures have not been effective in addressing the inherent concerns, further raising controversy regarding the precision of the relative methods. Certainly, an integrated approach that appreciates and supports the role of participation offers the best option.


It is against this background that this paper provides an in depth evaluation of the various aspects as well as the extent the stakeholder participation can support effective water resource management. The credibility of the information provided herein has been assured by the fact that it is drawn from a host of credible secondary sources including books, journals and a policy paper. To enhance effective coherence in the essay, it is organized in three main subsections that exhaustively address particular constituent aspects of the subject under review. In this respect, section one provides a comprehensive analysis of various conceptualization related to participation. This is in a bit to underscore the impact of malleability to water resource management. The second section reviews the aspect of integrated water resource management as an ideal example of managing natural resources. Finally, the third section evaluates the employment of the participatory approach as a way of enhancing the abilities of participants to decide their individual futures by engaging in joint decision making processes.


The Concept of Participation


Management of natural resources is a complex issue that involves efforts from multiple stakeholders. This is because all segments of the population rely on the natural resources for their livelihoods and sustenance. It is for this reason that it is imperatively important to engage all stakeholders in the management process. Participation offers the best option through which the unique contributions of persons from diverse backgrounds can be included in the management of natural resources. According to Huxham (1996), the process of planning provides an ideal platform that participation can take place. Planning is an indispensable instrument that is used to guide the process of socio economic development as well as govern the use of natural resources. In his review,


Mitchell (2002) defines participation as an all inclusive process that seeks to not only facilitates dialogue amongst wide ranging actors but to also mobilize as well as validate local knowledge and skills. Indeed, participation allows all actors to offer their contributions regarding the issue at hand. With respect to management of water resources, participation gives all individuals an equal opportunity to offer their skills and knowledge. These are then reviewed by the entire population and their effectiveness to management determined.


FAO (2000) perceives participation to be a management approach that enhances sustainability by ensuring economic equity, social justice and maintaining cultural integrity at the same time. Indeed, it is a sustainable strategy because it gives all stakeholders a chance to make their individual contributions. Since the ultimate solution comprises of all these individual efforts, a sense of ownership is enhanced. In the long run, all participants tend to be obligated to implement and enforce the given solution. However, it should be appreciated that this is a technical process that requires effective coordination in order to yield optimal output. In this respect, participants whose decisions may not be included in the final solution might be offended. This undermines the effectiveness of the given solution as its implementation is undermined. In this consideration therefore, it is important for the planners, policy makers and managers to ensure that the ultimate solution is representative. Most importantly, it needs to be localized in order to address all the emergent issues accordingly.


On the other hand, Gunton and Day (2003, p. 6) approach the concept of participation from an educative point of view. According to them it is an integrative process that acknowledges the management capacities of all stakeholders. Put differently, it enables all stakeholders to actively take part in the formulation, implementation and enforcement of vital decisions. This entails a review of contributions from a wide range of sources. During the process, capacity building occurs as the stakeholders have a chance to learn about the view points of others. This culminates in the change of attitudes that promotes the trust as well as willingness of all parties to engage in decision-making process. In addition, it enables stakeholders to build as well as sharpen their skills. For instance, Huxham (1996) posits that negotiation between different stakeholders with varied interests is an ideal example of a skill acquired through this participation. Also, it enables participants to appreciate the role of leadership through establishment of a distinct organizational structure. This is usually responsible for addressing the concerns of all the stakeholders in a timely and effective manner.


Arguably, participation fosters malleability as participants learn to accommodate each other. This enhances harmonic co existence as well as commitment to the set goals and objectives regarding resource management. At this point, it is worth noting that a peaceful environment is fundamental for effective implementation of the all the decisions. Nonetheless, malleability can also have adverse effects on the quality of the decisions made by the entire group. The Global Water Partnership (2009) argues that flexibility and compromise can lead to the elimination of critical information from the final decisions.


In his research, Mitchell (2002) indicates that from a theoretical point of view, participation encourages liberalism that postulates that the preferences of all participants are morally equivalent. The managers in this respect are often compelled to assume a neutral role. Instead of taking the initiative to engage the citizens in deliberation with respect to what needs to be undertaken, they simply measure and amalgamate the participants’ preferences. This undermines the entire process as the decisions arrived at tend to be rooted on fleeting whims, petty prejudices, inadequate information or incorrect information. In other words, the final decisions and policies are of substandard quality.


However, it should be acknowledged that the process of participation that is flexible can be likened to the creation of a public good. Huxham (1996) indicates that participation is an interactive process and not entirely objective. Although the ultimate decision is independent of all the participants, its creation relies heavily on their contribution. The knowledge and skills that are employed in formulating the ultimate decision are usually dynamic and tend to change as the society grows and matures. Thus through participation, the respective stakeholders use diverse knowledge and skills to formulate policies. The process is interactive and subjective rather than fixed and objective. Thus the final policy or decision undergoes an informed process during formulation and is not merely discovered or derived. At this point, it is certain that the concept of malleability inculcates sustainability in the formulation of decisions and policies that are employed in governing natural resources. It is therefore strength in management of natural resources and should be pursued by planners, managers and policy makers at different levels.


Integrated Water Resource Management


Water resources are vitally important as they augment effective functioning of the society. Recent trends indicate that the scarcity of this resource has triggered conflicts in different parts of the globe. Its scarcity can be attributed to the detrimental effects of pollution, deforestation and other activities that have detrimental effects on available water sheds. Certainly, the protection as well as sustainable exploitation and use of the available water resources is very important. Besides supporting the very existence of life, it steers socio-economic development. As such, governments need to prioritize these concerns in their efforts towards attaining sustainable development. In order to attain optimal output, local populations need to be involved in the decision making process. Biswas, Varies and Tortajada (2005) implicate the minimal community participation and lack of local appreciation and active involvement in relative initiatives for the deteriorating quality and quantity of water resources. Local populations source the water they employ for domestic, agricultural, manufacturing and hydropower needs from wetlands, rivers and underground springs. Its utilization has reportedly taken precedence over critical services and commodities that are provided by the watershed areas and fresh water ecosystems. The Integrated Water Resource Management strategy that is commonly referred to as the IWRM approach seeks to bridge inherent gaps in this regard.


Essentially, Integrated Water Resource Management denotes a multi-sectoral process that seeks to enhance the coordinated development as well as management of water and related resources in a bit to optimize the resultant social and economic wellbeing with utmost equity and without undermining the sustainability of critical ecosystems (Biswas et al, 2005). It aims at meeting the water resource usability needs of the stakeholders in a way that promotes sustainable, equitable and profitable use of the resource. It is influenced by the premise that for one to maximize the water resource benefits and ensure that it is used in an equitable manner, s/he needs to strike a balance between the complex needs of the water users and the needs of the catchments.


The needs of the water users are all inclusive and incorporate consumption, recreation and waste disposal. Also worth mentioning is the need to maintain the given water catchments area in a manner that is reflective of the expectations of the local communities. At this point, it cannot be disputed that IWRM is a complex process whose success depends on contributions form diverse backgrounds. At this point, it can be ascertained that Integrated Water Resource management solely entails bringing together all aspects that define sustainable or collective water management. These include the environmental social, economic and technical issues whose interplay culminates in sustainability. As mentioned earlier, water management also entails a critical assessment of related resources such as land. Basically, all aspects that constitute the natural world and which contribute differently to the availability of water also need to be managed accordingly. IWRM encourages agencies, governments and institutions to adopt holistic and problem solving oriented approaches during the process of planning and management.


Emphasis has increasingly been placed on the need to develop relevant institutions that would be responsible for planning and managing water resources at the local, regional and global level. Of great importance is the ability of this approach to inform the public about the efficiencies that would be gained from adopting the sustainable holistic view. Further, an integrated approach with respect to water management employs a flexible framework. In this respect, it adopts a strategic approach that specifies the complex guidelines that are employed in management, delineates the roles as well as responsibilities of the main players that participate in the process of management and ensures that the interventions are reflective of the unique attributes of the given watershed. The approach is analogous to the renowned system approach and ecosystem strategy that puts in consideration the intricate relationships as well as linkages between water, land, air and various forms of biodiversity that inhabit the respective system.


Thus an integrated approach would comprise of interplay between the attention and focus to the geographic attribute of the water resource, actions and activities that are environmentally driven and based on solid science and credible data and sustainable partnerships amongst key stakeholders. Notably, the approach suggests that the watershed community is at the center stage of the management process. IWRM advocates for a clear coordination between the management of ground water and surface water. In most instances, FAO (2000) indicates that minimal attention is accorded to the management of ground water resources. This can be exemplified through pollution, mining and poor methods of waste disposal. This is also apparent in the legal sphere as most policies solely safeguarded the welfare of surface water resources. IWRM seeks to link the management of surface water and ground water. It recognizes that the welfare of ground water resources is also depended on the wellbeing of the surface water resources and vice versa. Relative policies are therefore extended to cover the ground water resource management.


IWRM also recognizes that the use of land resources and its vegetation has diverse implications on the wellbeing of water resources. In his review, Mitchell (2002) ascertains that there exists a close relationship between the use of land and water resources. For example, reservoir development have direct impacts on different forms of land use patterns; solid waste management has affects the quality of water resources in different ways through pollution; the residues that are employed in land treatment occur in water resources in differing quantities and are aided by runoff; different watershed practices have a direct impact on the quality as well as the amount of water that can be available for use at a particular given time and the attitudes that are assumed by land owners affect the quantity or quality of water in different ways.


The preceding incidences provide a credible justification regarding the need to coordinate the management of land and water resources. Current trends indicate that institutional shortcomings have undermined the process of this coordination. However, the employment of creative measures and control powers like zoning has played an integral goal in mitigating the problem at hand. Perhaps the most important achievement of IWRM approach pertains to the improvement of coordination between the various agencies that concern themselves with land-water management and the government (Duda & El-Ashry, 2000, p. 117). Relative policies have been instrumental in sensitizing the managers and planners about the diverse impacts of their policies and decisions on different sectors of the society. The impacts of the programs that are approved by the government have in return been analyzed to determine their impacts on the welfare of the planners and managers. This provides a viable basement upon which the various problems can be analyzed from different dimensions.


In addition, the IWRM approach advocates for the establishment of objective and credible legal institutions to oversee land use practices that are assumed by the public. This has been undertaken by various land management agencies that regulate land use practices. Essentially, the legal agencies not only keep records pertaining to land ownership but also coordinate agency programs and planning processes to ensure that they address land management issues (Biswas et al, 2005). However, there are various inconsistencies that undermine effective enforcement of the relative policies. Effective and timely address of these concerns can curb public ownership of fragile lands like wetlands.


An integrated approach is also informed by the need to protect and restore natural systems. Falkenmark (2004, p. 299) asserts that in order to address the related issue in an effective manner, there is need to ensure that special policies have been developed and are in place, there is a good and credible database upon which informed decisions can be made and that effective coordination has been established between different agencies dealing with watershed management. In typical cases, policies are usually formulated to protect the water resources. However, there is need to address the social as well as economic impacts that they have on such environments.


Further, a clear understanding of the intrinsic interactions that characterize ecological functioning is also important. This according to Gunton and Gay (2003, p. 13) would ensure that the respective policies effectively address the inherent issues without impacting negatively on ecological functioning. As mentioned earlier, an integrative approach seeks to pursue environmental restoration. The restoration process is usually guided by an understanding of the intricate environmental relationships. This aids in prevention of negative impacts that can undermine environmental sustainability as opposed to developing it.


Equally important is the reformulation of existing projects strategy. In this respect, statistical evidence shows that numerous water projects have been developed since historical times. Traditionally, a significant percentage of these were specifically designed to carry out a single purpose (s). Currently, such purposes are invalid and the respective water projects are not accorded any public attention. In order to attain a sustainable level of IWRM, the operating policies for such projects can be altered to accommodate the emerging needs. This is a sustainable measure as it does not only enhance water use efficiency but it also saves the costs employed in constructing new projects.


Further, an integrated approach puts in consideration the views of the society and the public with respect to water shed management. In his research, Mitchell (2002) posits that water management plans need to be proactive and designed in such a way that influences policy. In order to attain this state of affairs, they need to embody social goals as well as capture the differing views of the public. This ensures that any conflicts are identified earlier in the process and addressed in a timely manner. This is participative in nature and allows for the public to determine their future through planning. The general public in this respect is allowed to set the specifications regarding their mission and vision. Since they understand and appreciate their water needs, local populations also need to be employed in suggesting reformulations about the current water program and projects.


The risk that is associated with policies and decisions about water shed management also need to be articulated accordingly. To begin with, the risk needs to be quantified, the public perception of the risk analyzed and the level of the risk accepted by the public during the implementation of relative initiatives. In order to attain this, education and awareness creation needs to be undertaken before the onset of the respective initiatives. All stakeholders need to be provided with sufficient information regarding the dangers associated with certain activities. Scientists need to be at the fore front in providing factual information to the public. Policy makers should on the other hand make rational decisions and judgments that would be accepted by the public. In addition, the entire risk needs to be assessed and relative policies must include public perception. Most importantly, the costs as well as benefits of the given risk need to be articulated accordingly.


Education and communication have been cited by Huxham (1996) to be critical to the integrative approach. Through education, the public becomes informed about the water- environment agenda, its origin and it relationships with the different facets of the society. This can be attained through the expansion of public, adult and professional water related programs. Agencies and interest groups can then take up the role of disseminating vital scientific and technical information to the public. Educational forums such as conferences and regional workshops can be useful in acquainting the public about true dimensions of watershed management problems as well as identifying sustainable measures and courses of action that can be employed in addressing the problems.


Equally important is the need to address the staggering technological capacity that is critical for watershed management. Effective employment of technology in addressing issues related to water management has been compromised by the inability of relevant stakeholders to situate it within the social as well as political systems that govern the society. The need to unite the technical and scientific knowledge with the societal goals should be requisite. This can enhance acceptance of the optimal technological approaches by the society through compromise. This can be attained through an effective blend of the technical options with public perceptions. Technicians in this respect need to ensure that their processes are accorded public approval.


Of particular importance would be the need for agencies at different levels to establish partnerships. Partnerships are important as they enhance cooperation that is fundamental for conflict resolution. In addition, partnerships encourage commitment and improve efficiency with respect to commitment of resources for management causes. Through partnerships, agencies and individuals can use each others knowledge to identify particular paths that complement each other’s efforts and goals. In other words, partnership enhances learning as opposed to opposition of one another. Through partnerships, all stakeholders are given a chance to participate in the process of management and decision making. FAO (2000) contends that the views as well as attitudes of all stakeholders are usually integrated in the process of planning through partnerships.


However, it should be acknowledged that the missions, administrative policies and legislative mandates of the stakeholders in some cases tend to differ considerably form each other. In such cases, differences are identified in a timely manner and accepted by all parties. The commonalities on the other hand are identified and employed in developing consensus. Partnering ensures that all persons participate actively in attaining a common goal and that the decision making process does not have any real losers. However, attainment of this is conditional in the sense that it requires a prior establishment of mutual trust that is defined by honest, open and frank partnering arrangements.


At this point, it is certain that IWRM is an approach that is conceptually sound and very sustainable. It therefore needs to be inclined in the goals, objectives and practices of all policies and institutions. However, there are different constraints and barriers that have undermined effective implementation of the process at different levels. To begin with, current practices regarding river basin management are fragmented. Essentially, river basins tend to have trans-boundary implications as in some cases, the source of the rivers are located in different geographic regions. Social studies have indicted that water sources have been contentious in the recent past as they have spurred conflicts between different countries (Falkenmark, 2004, pp. 301-2). This can be attributed to the fragmented approach that eliminates the political physical and economic attributes of the respective river basin in the process of management. In this consideration, it is important for the water basin to be managed in light of river basins, as opposed to administrative boundaries.


Environmental degradation has also limited effective watershed management in different ways. To begin with, channelization that encompasses river channel engineering in a bit to control floods, improve drainage, maintain navigation , reduce bank erosion and relocate the river for highway construction has impacted negatively on the river’s water tables. Coupled with land use change, construction, pollution and urbanization, this had had diverse negative impacts on the biodiversity contained in the river basin. Also worth mentioning is privatization that has undermined cooperative watershed management. Fundamentally, privatization encourages fragmentation as planning is undertaken by a single party hat does not understand holistic dynamics of water shed management (Global Water Partnership, 2009).


In addition, it culminates in incidences of single-purpose planning that compromises transparency. At this juncture, it should be acknowledged that Integrated Water Resource Management is an all inclusive aspect that does not solely address waste water treatment and water supply that defines privatization. Rather, it addresses a combination of several functions including poverty alleviation, flood control, drought management, food production and sustainable development. Above all, effective implementation of IWRM requires the presence of the respective government. These constraints have undoubtedly undermined effective implementation of the Integrated Water Resource Management strategy.


The Role of Participation


Notably, participation is at the center stage of the Integrated Water Resource Management. As indicated earlier, it is an important aspect of natural resource management as it fosters sustainability. The most important role of participation pertains to the improvement of the capacities of participants. The process encourages learning that equips participants with critical knowledge and skills that they can then employ in future management practices. The negotiation skills are particularly important for enhancing consensus and compromise of the diverse interests of the members.


Gunton and Day (2003, p. 14) posit that participation by all stakeholders is also important as it influences action. In this regard, the capacities of agencies might be limited with respect to taking all necessary actions towards accomplishing management objectives. The participation of local governments, non state owned organizations and individuals provides the necessary input that can be used to complement the efforts of the respective agencies. The input takes different forms that range from human resources to financial resources. These enable the given agencies to implement management efforts with ease.


Participation and collaboration also contributes significantly to information building. A viable environment enables stakeholders to share their personal views regarding the various facets of the problem at hand. In his review, Mitchell (2002) contends that tensions in most instances stem from the tendency of the stakeholders to solely focus on a single subpart that relates to their personal interests as opposed to perceiving the catchments management from a holistic point of view. For example, individual participant concern themselves solely with the effects of the catchments management to their personal properties while municipal governments often worry about their respective jurisdiction areas. Participation allows these views to be brought to the fore an analyzed exhaustively from different points of view. The respective views contribute to the knowledge bank regarding catchments management. Besides, it triggers an explicit exploration of intrinsic differences and a constructive search of solutions to the problems at hand.


Participation plays an important role in enhancing the management climate. The implementation of environmental and water management policies is usually compounded with various issues due to its sensitive nature. The fact that the implementation of policies can have adverse impacts on other facets of the social and economic spheres makes it very technical. Participation eases the ensuing tension as it enhances the relationship between the participants. Since it is a learning process, it equips the participants with knowledge and skills to participate constructively in the process of implementation or management of water resources. Also worth mentioning is the fact that participation changes beliefs, behaviors and attitudes. In most instances, these tend to differ amongst stakeholder and can be a bone of contention during management. The ability of participation to change these enables the process to occur smoothly as consensus is arrived at without major difficulties.


Further, participation is fundamental because it enhances the process of judgment. In most instances, information about the perceptions of participants is confusing and rather than clarifying the decision making process, it compounds it. Typically, stakeholders hold conflicting yet strong view points regarding catchments management (FAO, 2000). Regardless of the fact that managers and policy makers might understand the complexity of stakeholder viewpoints, determining how such perceptions need to influence resource management is in most cases very difficult.


This culminates in faulty decision making as managers might be forced to satisfy the desire of the stakeholders, rather than adopt a sustainable decision. Participation in such cases comes in handy as stakeholders are involved in developing a sustainable decision that puts in consideration the varied interests of all involved parties. Participants in this respect actively contribute to the recommendation of management decisions. Gunton and Day (2003, p. 18) ascertain that this is a model approach. It does not only provide an ambient environment for multiple stakeholders to collaborate directly with one another, but it also gives them a chance to deliberate on the chosen policy alternatives and adopts a management decision that is mutually acceptable.


In sum, the participatory approach enhances quality decision making that promotes fairness, efficiency, sustainability and equity amongst all stakeholders. Since the watershed management process is very complex and sensitive, participation offers a viable option through which the legality of the process can be attained without compromising harmonic co existence. This is fundamental for implementation of the given policies and decisions. Institutional partnerships enhance sharing of authority, responsibilities and rights amongst different private sector and public actors. Besides eliminating conflicts ensuring policy implementation participation devolves power by ensuring that all stakeholders at different levels engage actively in the management of catchments.


Conclusion


The Integrated Water Resource Management strategy offers an ideal example of managing water resources. It draws upon sustainable principles of education and communication, institutional reformation, project reformulation and participation through partnerships at different levels. As it has come out from the study, education and awareness creation boosts decision making. Establishment of partnerships on the other hand curbs conflicts and enhances sharing of resources that complements the process of policy implementation. An integrative approach also addresses the technological concerns by ensuring that these reflect the public expectations. This is sustainable as it enhances a sense of ownership that is imperative for project management. However, effective implementation of the IWRM has been compounded by various issues. Fragmented management has undermined cooperation that is essential for managing trans-boundary water resources. Environmental degradation from industrial and agricultural production undermines effective implementation.


Finally, privatization encourages fragmentation as water management issues are not addressed in a holistic manner. Besides this, stakeholders are eliminated from the management process. From the preceding analysis, it is certain that participation is an important approach in the management of water resources and natural resources on the whole. Its malleability attribute enhances sustainability as decisions that are made are reflective of the unique and diverse needs and interests of all the stakeholders. Besides playing an important role in conflict resolution, it builds stakeholder capacities regarding various issues.


The knowledge and skills can then be employed in resolving future conflicts and issues. Besides, it triggers action with respect to catchments management and improves the process of judgment. This is elemental in creating sustainable decisions that eliminate conflicts and enhance environmental management. Taking in consideration all the above mentioned, this study concludes that stakeholder participation is a sustainable approach and IWRM is an ideal example that underscores effective water resource management.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


List of References


Biswas A, Varis O & Tortajada C 2005, Integrated Water Resources Management in South and South East Asia, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.


Duda A & El-Ashry M 2000, Addressing the Global Water Environmental Crisis through Integrated Approaches to Management of Land, Water and Ecological Resources, Water International, 25 (1), 115-126.


Falkenmark M 2004, Towards Integrated Catchments Management: Increasing the Dialogue between Scientists, Policymakers and Stakeholders, Water Resources Development, 20 (3), 297-309.


FAO 2000, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, The Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.


Global Water Partnership 2009, Investing in Infrastructure: The Value of an IWRM Approach, Global Water Partnership Technical Advisory Committee Policy Brief, Paper No. 7.


Gunton Y & Day C 2003, The Theory and Practice of Collaborative Planning in Resource and Environmental Management, Environments, 31 (2), 5-19


Huxham E 1996, Creating Collaborative Advantage, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.


Mitchell B 2002, Resource and Environmental Management, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, Harlow England.


 


 



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Adult Children’s Perceptions On Stepparent”  english essay help online: english essay help online

In “What Makes Someone Family? Adult Children’s Perceptions Of Current And Former Stepparents” 


 


Contents


Comment: 1


The percentage of the population 65 years and older now make up approximately 12.7% of the total population of the US. 1


Sharing the care of elderly parents can cause conflict between adult siblings. 2


If someone does not have any siblings, should they develop a network of other relatives and close family friends who are willing to help care of their aging parent? Would it be appropriate to ask for help, or wait for someone to volunteer?  2


Why do you think divorces or relationship failures happen a lot today?. 3


Why a woman’s satisfaction level might pick up after empty-nest and continue to climb as previous literature suggests or why they might level off as new research suggests? Comment: 3


 


Comment:

When dealing with non-biological parents, children and adults always have the issue of at times relating normal behaviour to the fact that there is no blood relationship, however the relationship established can make that thought to seldom appear. If the stepparent is supportive, loving and understanding then even when they remarry the children will always consider them as their parents. It also depends on the period of time that they had together. It is hard to simply erase years of memories shared with a person.


What makes a person family is the commitment that they have for the other. This is one feature that all families are known to have even ages ago. This means that if someone sticks with you through thin and thick and is always there for you when you need them financially and emotionally and the feeling is mutual then they are your family. This is my case in life i believe i have a family at home and at school because both places i get the support i always want.


The percentage of the population 65 years and older now make up approximately 12.7% of the total population of the US.

Comment 


When people get old, their perception of things change and at the age of 65 and above most couples have children who have moved out and they no longer need them. In any case the parents are the ones who need the children assistance more often than not. At the older age, one cannot achieve any more than they have and most people are usually dissatisfied with their lives and are bitter about it, being that the only person there is the spouse they are bound to take out their frustrations at them even at the smallest issue. Mental and physical performance has declined and one cannot be the person they were when young, this is also another problem as most of the times it makes people who were once active to feel helpless.


At the older age intimacy is seldom there, this is because for the woman she has undergone menopause and both their libido has decreased. Intimacy is a critical issue in a relationship and once not present so many things go wrong. This is because a great portion of satisfaction has been removed and people no longer feel attached and interested in each other.


Sharing the care of elderly parents can cause conflict between adult siblings.

Can you provide any insight or examples on how siblings can communicate about caring for their parents before conflicts arise?


            Caring for elderly parents has been an issue because in the current world people live in cities in small apartments that cannot handle the nuclear family let alone the grandparents. The best solution for siblings is to create a fund where they contribute monthly and that can be given to the parents to cater for their needs, these needs mostly are hospital bills, medication and even hiring of a nurse to take care of their parents. This means that at no one point will the parents need something and will not be taken care of.


If someone does not have any siblings, should they develop a network of other relatives and close family friends who are willing to help care of their aging parent? Would it be appropriate to ask for help, or wait for someone to volunteer?

            It is good to ask for help as no one can know you are in need if not asked. This will also give a chance to get better insights from other people on how well to take care of the parents and also it makes the parents not to feel lonely. This is because more family members will come to visit and make them happy and they will not feel lonely and cast out by the society. Most older people die because they feel the society rejected them and they pull away and fail to seek help and end up too sick and in worse situation they die without their family’s awareness.


 Why do you think divorces or relationship failures happen a lot today?


Comment


The change in cultures has greatly influenced long term partnership, before people used to love marriage and every individual would look forward to it, however these days being a single parent is acceptable by society, divorce is an everyday thing and promiscuity and unfaithfulness is no longer considered immoral. How people perceive life is also a factor, some people view marriage as the end of having a fun life, a type of prison ,however in the olden days marriage was the beginning of a good life. Children are viewed as a financial loads and will ruin figures and fun but in the olden days they were viewed as bundles of joy and happiness.


These days marriage is viewed as a trial and error while in the past it was a lifetime commitment that people would endure so many things so that it can flourish in the end, these days small hurdles make people look for a divorce.


Why a woman’s satisfaction level might pick up after empty-nest and continue to climb as previous literature suggests or why they might level off as new research suggests?

Comment:


For a man the satisfaction will come back during the empty nest because all the attention that was being given to the children is now given to him. It is also expected that at this point also the woman gets the attention that the man gave to the man as well. This is like the establishment of their love to each other all over again. This means they notice the little things they used not to notice and all the love comes back in a flood.


The level of satisfaction for a woman may fail to come back because during this time is when menopause kicks in. This means libido goes down and she can no longer satisfy her husband as she would like and she no longer feels the need for intimacy with her husband. At this stage most women are also known to experience emotional and hormonal changes that are unpredictable and uncontrollable and this makes them not to feel happy about anything including her marriage and her spouse.


 



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ways Alexie’s stories interconnected ; alcoholism homework essay help: homework essay help

In what ways are Alexie’s stories interconnected? What characters, themes, and situations recur throughout the text?


The stories are all narrated in a satirical manner, trying to pass on some message of importance but in a funny way. The main characters in these stories have a common decent, they are both Indians, and grew together but have very diverse characters. Victor is a drunk, not of his own making, but because of the circumstances in which he lived in under the white rule“he wanted to sing but he couldn’t think of any lyrics. He was drunk, bruised by whiskey, brutal” (Alexie, 84). Thomas-builds-the fire was a weird story teller. His stories also portray the theme of colonialisation. The stories are all about the life and times of the Native Americans at the time of the colonial rule.


Alcoholism seems to have a significant effect in the lives of the Indians. This is reflected in the way most characters escaped reality by intoxicating themselves. This recurs in most of the stories. In the fun house “be careful,” my aunt told her husband. “You drank too much tonight,” (Alexie, 78). This theme also occurs in the narrative “All I wanted to do was dance”.


Another theme that recurs in the stories is tradition. This is portrayed by Thomas –build- the –fire, who kept on telling stories that no one listened to. In essence, Thomas is trying to call back the Indians into their native way of life. The refusal to listen to his stories by his fellow Indians is a symbolism that the Indians were unwilling to get back to their traditions and were trying so hard to identify with a culture that was not their own. The theme of tradition is also repeated severally by the act of Thomas story telling. This was kind of a tradition inherent in the Native Americans or the Indian society.


The characters Victor Joseph and Thomas build-the- fire are in almost all of the stories. They contribute a lot to the plot development of the stories as well as portraying themes in the story. Thomas is a key character in the trial of Thomas builds the fire and this is what it means to say phoenix Arizona. Victor is recurrent in three of the narratives, amusements, all I wanted to do was dance and this is what it means to say phoenix.


Victor’s characteristic behavior of drinking alcohol and the other characters occasional behavior of frequenting the bar appear in the fun house as well as all I wanted to do was dance. The theatrics situations of Thomas are also elements of nearly all the narratives that he occurs. He never failed to cause a stir in whichever situation he was involved. The situations of storytelling are rather numerous.


 


 


 


Work cited


Alexie, S. The lone Ranger and Tonto fist fight in Heaven. New York:


Perennial/Atlantic Monthly Press, 1993. Print.


 


 



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Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


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There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

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We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
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Inception And The Bechdel Test and gender bias college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Inception And The Bechdel Test And Effects Of The Absence Of Multi-Dimensional Female Characters


The film industry has been accused of being gender biased, with most of the movies produced being dubbed as being distinctively misogynistic. Accordingly, critics such as Allison Bechdel, have identified a need for the creation of films whereby the female characters are not limited to the role of supporters for their male counterparts. Evidently, most movies, both past and present have failed in the achievement of this. More movies, even the award-winning films, continue to be produced without a gender consideration, with most putting the male characters on a pedestal and the women at the bottom. However, some films such as Wanted and Salt, have a female as the lead character illustrating the lengths to which Hollywood producers are willing to change the trends in film production. In her argument regarding gender bias, Allison Bechdel argues that reduction of gender bias in films goes beyond giving women lead roles. She explains that the number of women, their relationship with each other, as well as, their conversations have play a major role in determining whether a film is gender biased or not. Fundamentally, Bechdel introduces the idea of the Bechdel test to determine the level of gender bias in a particular film or movie (bechdeltest.com 1a). This test consists of three main components including the need for having two or more female characters in the film, having these females engage in a conversation, and the exclusion of men in the conversation. Put simply, the Bechdel test demands that a film have two or more female characters who talk to each other about issues other than men. Interestingly, many movies have failed this test at one point or the other (bechdeltest.com 1a). Movies may have many female characters but they do not engage in any conversation with each other, and when they do, the conversation revolves around a man.


One such movie that has failed the Bechdel test is Inception by Christopher Nolan. As critics would argue, this movie has passed the first two requirements of the Bechdel test, failing to attain the third requirement (bechdeltest.com 1b). The movie has two female characters namely Ariadne, graduate student and Mallorie, Cobb’s deceased wife. Though these two characters meet with each other about three times throughout the movie, they engage in only one conversation. The conversation, which is the basis of the third requirement of the Bechdel test, is about love, which, when considered from a relative interpretation of the film, the conversation was about Cobbs (bechdeltest.com 1b).


The above is the most basic and accepted analysis of the movie based on the Bechdel test. However, if one was to look examine the movie from a different dimension, it is evident that the movie may have failed the Bechdel test in other ways. For example, between the two female characters, only one is a real person, the other is just a figment of imagination. Based on the theme and the context of the movie, we cannot be sure whether, Mallorie, who is the imagined character, is in reality a female. Secondly, because Mallorie was a figment of Cobbs imagination, then it would be justified to assume that the conversation between Ariadne and Mallorie was actually a conversation between Cobbs and Ariadne. The complexity of the movie makes it even harder to decipher in terms of the Bechdel test, but one thing is certain, Inception, fails the Bechdel test of gender bias.


Having established that the movie, Inception, fails the Bechdel test, this paper explains how the relative absence of multi-dimensional female characters influences the film’s understanding of men and women.


Effects of the Absence of Multi-Dimensional Female Characters


As observed in the film, there are only two main female characters, who, upon a closer examination, may have been used symbolically to bring out a message concerning the relationship between men and women (wordpress.com 1). At the outset, the two female characters embrace names that are symbolic to society. Ariadne, for example, is the name of the Greek princess who assisted the hero Theseus in navigating the labyrinth, the prison of the Minotaur. Ariadne embraces a similar role in the movie, as she is chosen to help cobs create the mazes, which he intends to use in infiltrating people’s dreams. Here, the female is seen as a male aide, for the achievement of his goals and desires. Her recruitment into the team shows that she is needed for the task to be completed, but expectedly, she does not play a minor role in this. Observably, her role as the architect is considered the main role in the movie, for it is only after she constructs the mazes that the team can be able to infiltrate the dreams. From this, one can conclude that the women play the role of helper in male-female relationships. Additionally, Ariadne also reveals her manipulative side by making Cobbs open up to her, and then using the information gathered to influence his actions into what she wants (wordpress.com 1). With this, the audience is exposed to the manipulative character of women in their relationships with men, and how they use men’s personal issues to achieve this.


Mallorie’s role in the movie, on the other hand, is the total opposite of that of Ariadne. This is because her role has a feel of sabotage, and she is the only character whose role was to stop Cobbs from achieving his mission. Her role as a woman is quite complex as she is brought out as both a positive character and influence on Cobbs, as well as, a negative character. In relation to her positive attributes, Mallorie’s activities can be translated as protecting Cobbs, as well as, his victims form himself. She is well aware of the destructive nature of dream infiltration, and for that reason, she is committed to preventing Coobs and his victims from the effects of this (wordpress.com 1). Here the role of the woman in male-female relationships is one of a protector, as well as, that of a passive guide. Both women try to directly and indirectly guide Cobbs throughout the mission. While Ariadne might have been guiding him towards the completion of the mission, Mallorie guides Cobbs towards the realization of his vices. Because Mallorie is out to sabotage Cobbs activities, it is evident that she embraces a negative role as a woman. She will do anything to prevent Cobbs from completing his mission, even if it means killing his victims during the dream so that they fall back into reality (Fisher 37). Obliquely, we see how women may or may not prevent a man from achieving his goals and ambitions. Women are depicted as a distraction, to the achievement of both personal and professional goals, something that men may agree to undoubtedly.


Just as Ariadne and Mallorie are used to bring out the role of women in relationships, Cobbs is also used to bring out the role of the man. For example, the fact that Mallorie is a figment of his imagination, and he managed to infiltrate her thought to the point where she committed suicide, it is evident that men are a tad bit controlling. Evidently, Cobbs loves controlling others, in fact he enjoys controlling other so much that he has made it his career (Fisher 39). The women are not receptive to the idea of being controlled, with one woman committing suicide nd killing others as a way of refusing control, whereas the other tries to attain that control and instead control the male. This inherently exposes the nature of male-female relationships, which is characterized by the need for control. Both men and women wish to have control over each other, and they will do almost anything to attain this. Conclusively, in addition to illustrating the relationship between men and women, the absence of multi-dimensional female characters is also used to bring out the male-male impassive relationships. The relationship between the males in the film is that of business and nothing more. Apart from the relationship between father and son, which appears to be slightly emotional, the rest of the male-male relationships are purely work related. They all have a mission that they intend to take on to the end, and each male has a specific input in the movie that is of minimal emotional nature. The absence of multi-dimensional female characters in the film reveals plenty of things regarding the relationship between men and women. However, one thing can be learned from this film, a woman is a man’s helper and guide.


Work Cited


“Bechdel Test”. Bechdeltest.com n.d. Web. 20 October 2011. <<http://bechdeltest.com/>>


“Comments for Inception” bechdeltest.com, 13 July 2010. Web. 20 October 2011. <<


http://bechdeltest.com/comments/1169>>


Fisher, mark. The Lost Unconscious: Delusions and Dreams in Inception. Film Quarterly 64.3


(2011): 37-45.


Okinawa Assault. Inception and the Bechdel Test. wordpress.com. n.d. Web. 20 October 2011.


<< http://okinawaassault.wordpress.com/2010/07/19/inception-and-the-bechdel-test/>>


 


 


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Incident Response Team And Technology Legislation essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax

 


An Incident Response Plan provides a well organized and defined approach for managing any impending threats to information systems, as well as taking suitable actions when the cause of the incident or intrusion at a third party is traced back to the business. Computer security incident management in the medium sized business will implement, and conduct an Incident Response plan to assure restoration of operation impacted by the incident. Incident Response Team who implement the plan into the action and provides a rapid, efficient and organized response to computer associated incidents for instance, hacker challenges and break-ins, inappropriate exposure of confidential information to public, system service intrusions, breach of delicate information and virus outbreak. The Incident Response Team’s role is to investigate the report and prevent a severe loss of profits, public assurance by providing an instant, efficient and practiced response to any unanticipated event concerning computer information coordination, databases or networks. The Incident Response Team conducts the response in a reliable manner with proper leadership and procedural resources required to control, diminish a computer security incident.


Having six people as response team, their responsibilities will be as follows:


1st member: Data Security officer- starts computer incident response team and takes essential action to block traffic from alleged intruder.  Runs tracing tools such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port monitors, sniffers and event loggers as well as Looking for signs of a firewall breach.


2nd member: Legal officer- He establishes the nature and extent of the incident. He Contacts the Information Technology Operations Center in case he gets any information connecting to a suspected breach.


 


3rd member: Internal Audit- evaluates the systems to guarantee fulfillment with information security policy and carries out necessary audit test work to make sure mission-vital systems are present with service patches and packs. In addition, he accounts for any system managing gaps to administration of counteractive action.


4th member: Central help desk- contacts qualified information security experts and other members of the Incident Response Team for advice when necessary.


5th member: Human Resources- Monitors and decide which Incident Response Team members play an active role in the survey. Provides proper training


6th member: publicity services- monitor business applications and services for signs of attack.


Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is a law that currently governs on how technology can be used.  HIPAA focuses on improving health insurance convenient to individuals leaving the work place or changing employers. In addition, it tackles issues involving to electronic transmission of health associated data. Administrative simplification terms include National principles for electronic transmission, distinctive health identifiers for employers, providers, individuals and health plans, Security Standards and Privacy Standards. The HIPAA Security Standards require a covered person to apply policies and procedures that assure confidentiality, integrity and availability of electronic protected health information, in addition protects against anticipated threats or hazards to the security of such information, or disclosures that are not allowed (The HIPAA Privacy Rule, 2009).


Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act was signed into law by President Obama on February 17, 2009 and has remarkable and permanent effects on the approval of Electronic Health Records (EHR) in USA. Its purpose is to improve the values of a person’s healthcare as the costs are lowered, by computerizing all America’s medical records and avoiding medical errors. To help achieve this goal, the Act creates a system of motivations to encourage practices to implement EHRs and disincentives to penalize slow adoption. HITECH enforces the hands of companies when violation occurs since by ensuring that a payment is made as stated in Breach of Notification Rule. Individuals have had their protected health information negotiated and defended. An investigation is done by the office of civil right department of health and issues a 60 days notification to the company (Paper, 2009).


Reference


Paper, W. (2009, march). A summary of the HITECH Act. Retrieved from


Http://www.athenahealth.com/_doc/pdf/HITECH_Fact_Sheet_Whitepaper.pdf


The HIPAA Privacy Rule, C. O. H. R. A. T. P. O. H. I.,  B. O. H. S. P., &  I. O. M. (2009). Beyond the HIPAA privacy rule: Enhancing privacy, improving health through research. United States of America: National Academies Press.


 


 


 



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Inclusion Of Students With Special Needs essay help tips: essay help tips

 


The inclusion of learners with special needs is gradually becoming a major concern to various governments (Holt, 2004). With the enactment of the Disability Discrimination act of 1992 and changes in community perceptions towards individuals with disability in Australia, mainstream primary educational institutions have had to prioritize children with disabilities’ inclusion (Forbes, 2007). Holt (2004) gives a social model definition of disability as the disadvantage or restriction of activity resulting from contemporary social organization which takes either little or no account of individuals with physical impairments thereby excluding them from mainstream social activities. Generally, children are considered learning disabled if they are unable to learn normally comparative to children of the same age group and have a disability which makes them unable to use educational facilities provided to children of the same age group making them unable to learn normally if special educational needs are not provided for them (Holt, 2004).


Presently, there exist multiple services that cater for primary related child education services in Australia whose society generally favor the philosophy of full inclusion, (Forbes, 2007). This indicates that a large proportion of children have disability although it is reported that many children with mild forms of disability tend to be unrecorded hence it most likely feel that children with disability are unrepresented in primary institutions (Keeffe-Martin, 2001).  Nonetheless, there are limited comparative data on inclusive versus noninclusive education in primary schools in Australia (Keeffe-Martin, 2001).


Legislations on inclusion


A number of legislations that protect individuals with disabilities are in effect in Australia with the key one being the Disability Discrimination Act of 1992 (Holt, 2004). The legislation stipulates that grounds for unlawful discrimination include physical, psychiatric, sensory, intellectual, and neurological or learning disabilities which encompass physical disfigurement, illnesses, disorders, inability to perceive reality, lack of judgment or results in disturbed behaviors. Areas covered include; education, accommodation, access to premises, club or sports related activities, provision of goods and services and buying or selling of land (Keeffe-Martin, 2001). The legislation upholds that special needs should by all means not form the basis of admission of a child into educational institutions (Keeffe-Martin, 2001). Besides demanding that students with special needs be given equal learning opportunities like their normal counterparts, the law prohibits the administration of a learning institution from expelling any learning disability student on the basis of disability (Keeffe-Martin, 2001). Keeffe-Martin  (2001) further asserts that most states in Australia by the year 2000 had enacted the equal opportunity or the anti- discrimination legislation that also seek to ensure proper inclusion of learners with special needs into the normal classroom learning programs. Notably, though inclusion has not been effectively implemented in all Australian states as it faces local and international barriers, virtually all states in Australia have adapted the concept of inclusion (Forbes, 2007). Researches indicate a number of inclusive strategies that have been successfully implemented in Australian Academic institutions. Additionally, Qualities of an inclusive environment should ensure that every child has participates in and have access to curriculum and activities, that the goals of all children with disability are met within a typical early childhood experience, that all necessary support services that best meet the child’s needs are made available to the teachers, providers or the staff and that expertise and resources are shared (Forbes, 2007).


The Need for Inclusion of Students with special needs


Holt (2004) contends that inclusion of learners with special needs in mainstream primary schools has multiple merits comparative to segregation. Generally, including children with disability within mainstream primary educational institutions reduces the possibility of later prejudice and shifts their perceptions leading to more positive social interactions and behavioral outcomes (Holt, 2004).  Inclusion proponents have noted that segregated programs do not meet the archetype objectives for special education, besides being detrimental to students. They also contend that learners in inclusive settings learn to develop skills from their classmates, have an opportunity to develop friendships typical with their peers and have opportunities to develop positive attitudes with themselves and their peers (Holt, 2004). A number of researches have also confirmed that inclusion expands the opportunities for children in primary schools with key indicators being reduced fear of individual differences especially in terms of increased awareness and comfort, improved self concept, growth in social cognition, developed personal principles and a generally improved attitude towards individual ability to advocate for friends and peers with disability (WEAC, 2012).


Classroom Geographies with Regards to Special Educational Needs


Geographic constitutions of classrooms should be all inclusive in terms of seating arrangement, teaching strategies, and emotional inclusion. According to Huanga and Diamond (2009), researches in Australian institutions found that seating arrangements in inclusive institutions had seating arrangements, which did not take into account learning differences. Besides classroom micro spaces did not have distinct specialties to carter for disability needs.  The layouts of classrooms have nonetheless been found to be a cardinal determinant in the effectiveness of inclusion and resulting performances. Inclusion related classroom geography designs have been found to have multiple constraints some of which include; limited research, socio-spatial constraints of the school, and external interferences since learning environments tend to reproduce already biased identities from the wider society, (Holt 2004). Classroom geographies directly influence children with disabilities’ performance since it defines the context in which communication between the learner, peers and other learners which is vital.  According to WEAC, in fifty studies likening the academic performance of segregated and mainstreamed students found that the latter had a 50th percentile score comparative to the 80th percentile of the former.


Barriers


Multiple barriers have, however, been identified that have to be overcome for successful inclusion with Australian primary educational institutions, (Forbes, 2007). These are inclusive of poor staff to child ration, insufficient staffing, inadequate staff training to deal with inclusion, negative attitudes of major stakeholders, lack of available places, limited resources and equipment, difficulty in accessing supplementary funding and the type and severity of the disability which makes it difficult in properly placing the learners (Forbes, 2007). Forbes (2007) acknowledges that there is a serious shortage qualified special educators as well a general shortage of undergraduate degree opportunities that permit aspiring special educators to specialize in special education. Workers were also found to be uncomfortable with the level of discomfort increasing with severity of disability, besides teachers also tended to have negative attitudes towards learners with severe disabilities.


Notwithstanding, Cagran and Schmidt (2011) while investigating the attitude of Slovene teachers towards inclusion found out  that the teachers attitudes varied significantly with the type of special need of a learner. For instance, teachers of learners with physical impairment showcased positive attitude towards inclusion of such learners in the normal school system as opposed of teachers of learners with behavioral problems (Cagran and Schmidt, 2011).  Similarly, based on the interpretative paradigm through which attitudes towards inclusion of students of students with special needs have always been described, it has always been noted that parents have strong, positive attitude towards the concept of inclusion and openly profess their understanding of the emotional benefits accruable from an inclusive education system, (Cagran and Schmidt, 2011).


Analysis


Aggregately, researches have shown that parents, both of children with disability and without, favor inclusion of children with disabilities in mainstream institutions, as opposed to segregation. Parents of children with disability noted that inclusion developed their children’s social skills, age-appropriate behaviors and language. Besides, a number of researchers have indicated that inclusion is cost effective with the employment being higher for primary learners who attended inclusive institutions compared to those from segregated education programs, (WEA, 2012). Inclusion of children with special needs has also been found to carter for their needs for acceptance, belonging and to developmentally appreciate appropriate practices.


Recommendations of inclusive strategies have noted that teachers should teach in small steps, give clear directions, speak slowly, move all the children physically through tasks, help the disabled children to recognize the world by using structures and consistencies and work with other agencies in providing equipment and personnel thereby creating an all inclusive environment (WEAC, 2012). On the same note, a number of researches have come up with propositions of what needs to make up inclusive programs with key strategies noting that there are needs to assess the physical accessibility of learners’ homes, evaluation of enrollment, recruitment and employment policies, ensuring that there are adaptive equipment within the schools, and learning the fundamental communication signals with the children since teachers in mainstream environments tend to be lacking in the skill (Holt, 2004).


Conclusion


Concisely, teachers, learners and parents all have positive views towards inclusion with the general attitude being that inclusion benefits children both with and without disabilities, (Huanga and Diamond, 2009). An undoubted fact is that inclusive programs within primary education maximize children’s learning opportunities, (Huanga and Diamond, 2009).  However, from a personal standpoint, the quality of the inclusive environment for students with special needs can only be enhanced if the needs of the child with a special need are met from childhood. This implies that the effectiveness of the inclusive environment to ply for the needs of a grown up student with special needs is always compromised if the inclusion is wrongly timed (Forbes, 2007).  Additionally, the inclusive environment should be designed in such a way the learner has access and participates in the activities stipulated in the curriculum in the same as other normal learners though there must be a support system to help the learner with their special needs and as the Australian Special Education Principal Association (ASEPA) recently recommended, the curriculum needs of learners with special needs need to be bolted in the existing curriculum and not just being built-in (Forbes, 2007).


 


 


Reference List


Cagran, B. and Schmidt, M., 2011. Attitudes of Slovene teachers towards the inclusion of pupils with different types of special needs in primary school. Educational Studies, 37(2), p. 171–195.


Forbes, F., 2007. Towards inclusion: an Australian perspective. Support for Learning, 22 (2), p. 66-71


Holt, L., 2004. Children with Mind–Body Differences: Performing Disability in Primary School Classrooms. Children’s Geographies, 2(2), p. 219–236.


Huanga, H. and Diamond, K. E., 2009. Early Childhood Teachers’ Ideas about Including Children with Disabilities in Programmes Designed for Typically Developing Children. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 56(2), p.169–182.


Keeffe-Martin, M., 2001. Legislation, case law and current issues in inclusion: An Analysis of trends in the United States and Australia. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Law and Education. 6(1&2). P. 25-46.


Winscosin Education Association Council (WEAC), 2012. Special Education Inclusion. [Online] 18 August. Available at: http://www.weac.org/issues_advocacy/resource_pages_on_issues_one/special_education/special_education_inclusion.aspx



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Income Distribution,Tax And Government Social Spending college essay help service: college essay help service

Income Distribution And Tax, And Government Social Spending Policies In Developing Countries


Developing countries are countries whose citizen’s living standard, Human Development Index and their GDP are low compared to other countries (Achdut, 1996). Most of these countries have a higher percentage of their population living below the poverty line which in accordance to UN is a dollar a day (Achdut, 1996). In most of these countries there is inequitable distribution of income due to the large disparity between the rich and the poor.


Tax and government spending policies are aimed at improving the living standards of the people by ensuring there is equitable distribution of income; increasing consumer purchasing power and consequently investment (Aninat, 1999). However, contemporary studies have revealed that Keynes was precise, when he categorically stipulated that fiscal policies are more effective in an economy (Clarke, 2010). Conversely, fiscal policies have not been able to achieve much due to lack of proper analysis and execution in developing countries. Most of these policies are designed to work effectively in developed countries, once introduced to developing countries, they achieve counter results.


The problem mostly lies in the fact that a big percentage of the population is made up of poor people who rarely pay taxes, decreasing the revenue earned by the government. Most developing countries work under deficit budgets (Ke-young, 2000). The other source of problem is that a bigger portion of the budget goes into catering for the basic needs of the public. This is because the physical and human required infrastructure, like education institutions and health care facilities, in most developing countries are not up to standard. Nonetheless, the mother of all problems in these countries is lack of proper data about the population (Ke-young, 2000). In this case tax and government social policies lose their redistributive role in income, resources and opportunities because they work without proper understanding of the structure and composition of the population.


 


References


Achdut,  L. (1996). Income Inequality, Income Composition, Macroeconomic Trends: Israel,  1979-93,  Economica,  Vol. 63, Supplement,  pp. SI-27.


Aninat, E.  Andreas  B. Kevin C. (1999). Addressing Equity Issues in Policymaking:    Lessons  from the Chilean Experience,  in Economic  Policy  and Equity,  ed. (Washington: International  Monetary  Fund).


Clarke, P. (2010). Keynes; the Twentieth Century’s Most Influential Economist, Springer Publishers


Ke-young,  C. Hamid D. Sanjeev, G. (2000). Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries, International Monetary Fund


 


 



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Finance

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While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

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What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


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Education Among The Patient/Members Of The Public english essay help online: english essay help online

Increased Education Among The Patient/Members Of The Public


One of the key outcomes in my model is; ‘Increased education among the patient/members of the public’. Patient education is very important as it empowers patients to management their own illness thus reducing the number of patients visiting the medical facility seeking treatments for ailments that can be treated back at home. Monitoring the program’s outcome is essential to evaluate the extend of the expected outcome. Regular data should be collected to be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the input activities. For this outcome a survey would be carried out based on the following survey questions



How often do the medical officers conduct medical seminars your community?

1           2                 3                                  4                      5


Never  |   Rarely |   Very once in a while   |  Sometimes   |  Almost always


 



How frequently do you visit the hospital with minor illness?

1                              2                             3                            4                             5


Frequently     Some Times    Occasionally   Rarely             Never


 





Input
Output
Short-Term Outcome
Intermediate Outcome
Long-Term Outcome


 
Activities
Participants
 
 
 


Patients/ Members of the public
Educate patient on how best they reduce the number of visits to the health facility/hospital. e.g. patient suffering from headache should used painkillers available in homes.
Members of the public, Patients.
Increase education among the patient/members of the public.
Increase nurse’s competency at educating members of the public or patients.


 


 
Reduce the number of patients coming into the hospital with minor or treatable sicknesses e.g. headaches, cold/flu.


Hospital Management
The way to improve both nurses and patient safety is to learn about causes of bad working environment and used the relevant knowledge to design a system that will improve working environment for nurses.
Hospital management nurses.
Enhance nurses’ job satisfaction.
Reduction of RN nurse turnover.
It will increase attitudes, behavior and motivation among the RN nurses about work. These orientations and behaviors will, in turn, improve the outcome and quality processes of nurses.


Measurement System


 


 


 


 
Identifying staffing needs for nurse’s in-order to justify nursing resource that will be allocated in different departments at the hospital.  e.g. hospital funds, equipment, and nurses.


 


 
Departmental heads, Hospital management.
Equal distribution of hospital funds.
Reduction of burnout and increase confidence among nurses.
The hospital will be able to calculate the appropriate nurse to patient ratio that is required for various improvement of safety for both patients and nurses.


 


 


Employment of Nurses
To offer strategies to assist nurses in dealing with the most common situations when working understaffed


 
Hospital Management, Departmental heads.
Reducing waiting time at the hospital.
Increase nurse’s competency and reduce burnout among the nurses.
Improve health care among patients and reduce stress among nurses.


Hiring Subordinate staff
To help nurses to concentrate on their duties and responsibilities e.g. treatment,
Hospital management, Departmental heads.
 
 
It will improve health care in the departments.


Technology
Implementation of technology e.g. sharing files, data.
ICT department, Hospital management.
Reduce the backlog for patient files.
 
Increase accountability and efficiently, and reduce the time patients get treatment.



 



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Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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different models of ecstasy / MDMA drug college application essay help online: college application essay help online

Over the past decades there has been an increasing trend in the use of synthetic drugs among young adults and the adolescents.  One such drug is Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) also known as ecstasy. Dominance of the use of ecstasy has had a dramatic rise in Australia. According to Commonwealth Department of Human services and Health, (1996) 1.5% of the Australian population had consumed the drug by 1990, but this later increased to 6.2% in 2001. The percentage further rose to 7.9% in 2004.  This count to around 1.3 million Australian are having reported to having ever taken ecstasy most among them young adults aged between 20 to 28 years. Hence, the importance of undertaking this research in order to determine the most probable recommendation to solve the problems related to use of ecstasy.  It has been suggested by many scholars that this rise may bring a misconception that ecstasy is a safe drug, contrary, it has also be reported in Australia that the drug has both short term and long term effects. Short term include: irritability, depression, psychosis and insomnia as well as the long term side effects include: cognitive deficits such a memory loss.


Despite the fact that several studies have tried to link impulsivity and ecstasy use, the process that impulsivity may influence addictive traits has received limited attention. Research suggests that cognitive plays the key role in engaging drug consuming behaviour. Though, little is known concerning the role of cognition in ecstasy use. The term impulsivity means to the behaviour that is unplanned, quick, thoughtless, and reflects lack of deliberation of latent consequences. It is often related to risk behaviours.  Rash impulsivity is the measure of a hasty behaviour that has been often used in ecstasy literature. Sensitivity to reward is a conceptual framework derived from Gray neurobiological theory- a theoretical system aimed at motivating behaviour that conceptualizes impulsivity. Rash sensitivity is measures the hasty behaviour in an individual using ecstasy while sensitivity to reward is a theoretical explanation of how impulsivity is affected by an individuals behaviour. Provided is the evidence that reward sensitivity is linked with impulsive behaviors and the use of ecstasy is a behaviour that is undertaken by impulsive individuals a factor that is significant in understanding ecstasy use. It is also evident from the two factor model that sensitivity to reward plays a role in evaluating or understanding ecstasy behaviour. It’s clear that the study will be able to evaluate if both users and non-users of ecstasy differ the in the level of sensitivity to reward as well as rate of rash impulsivity-hypothesis.


Results


Preliminary data analysis


The date obtained was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12. In order to determine the suitability of the date it was subjected to several further preliminary analyses. All the participants completed the drug history questions as well the demographic ones. These cases were retained in order to investigate rash impulsivity in a larger sample scale; this was considered important since an accurate evidence of rash impulsivity was supposed to be obtained given that literature had reported small sample size previously. All the measures were completed by all the participants. For the case of having a large size of sample all the participants were retained, in this case all the information was also retained for valuable data analysis using completed scales. In order to maintain consistency all the tables contained the highest N values used in the analysis (N=208). The results were not affected in the analysis as a result of maintaining these cases.


The missing discrete value, were substituted by item mean. Missing date was not replaced by motive data since in most cases non-users did not answer questions from the scale. For the case of distribution of normality the data for continuous measures from both groups (users and non-users) were analysed.


Ever used versus never used ecstasy


Poly-drug use for users and non-users


In this lap report the participants were divided into two groups; those that have never used ecstasy (non-users) and those that had ever taken ecstasy in their life time (users). The percentage of drug use for ecstasy non-users and users can be seen in Table 1 Below.


The results from the table above indicate that more people are significantly able to consume ecstasy. An independent frequency-test demonstrated that there was significant age difference between ecstasy users and non-users.


Personality and its effects to ecstasy users and non-users


A between group one way ANOVA analysis of variance was performed to determine the difference in personality and the impacts it has to non-users and users of ecstasy. Before the testing, the assumption of ANOVA was tested. The observations were independent from one another and the date was free from univariate outliers. The dependent variables were normally distributed, with the omission of negative and positive effects. Though, ANOVA was considered to be larger than the normality since this case sample size was equal across all the cells. The data was found to posses equal variances when independent variables were tested for every dependent variable tested. Most of the variables were linear related and correlated, and those that did not have a significant relationship there was theoretical relationship between the variables. Thus, ANOVA was considered to be the appropriate test to be considered.


Sensitivity to reward, rash impulsivity and negative and positive affects for ecstasy non-users and users were compared. The ANOVA indicated a significant univariate effect of personality on ecstasy use, F(27.98)= 7.54, p<.001, partial sig= .000b. Univariate tests identified vital group difference on reward sensitivity F(55.9)= 11.51, p<.001, and rash impulsivity, F(1,203)= 10.28, p<.01 (see table 2.


An independent t-test also showed that there was no significant difference in age between ecstasy users and non-users. See table 3 below:


Hypothesis


The correlation between sensitivity to reward and affects towards ecstasy use was not significant. But, it has been noted that sensitivity to reward describes 1.6% of the variance in the positivity towards use of ecstasy to enhance and maintain social cohesion. On the other hand, rash impulsivity and drive to use to reduce the effects of ecstasy use was correlated, mediation analysis was conducted. Multiple regressions were used to evaluate the relationship between rash impulsivity to both users and non-users of ecstasy. The assumptions of multiple regressions were conducted before the completion of all the other tests.  All the observations were considered to be independent of one another.  The first regression indicted that rash impulsivity was adversely related to negative effects F (1,100)= 19.27, p<.001, with rash impulsivity counting to 15.3% of the variance in the negative affect.  The second regression indicated a significant relationship between reward sensitivity to reduce affects of ecstasy use. See table 4 below


                                                                     Discussion


Aims and findings


The study determined the relationship the use of ecstasy use and impulsivity. Purposely, the role of reward sensitivity and rash impulsivity in understanding the use of ecstasy was investigated using Loxton’s and Dawe two facet model of impulsivity. In addition the study also used Gray’s model sensitivity to reward in limiting the use of ecstasy use. The intention of the research was to establish the incorporated model of why individuals take ecstasy by investigating the relation between the conceptualization of sensitivity to reward and impulsivity. As hypothesized, the number of ecstasy users was higher as compared to the number of non-users in reward sensitivity and rash impulsivity. Sensitivity reward was not linked to positive effects as expected, relatively results depicts that reward sensitivity had more close and linear relationship with the use of ecstasy. Results supported that rash impulsivity was positively connected with negative affect to the use of ecstasy.


Rash impulsivity


As consistent and expected with several literature, when using control groups it is identified that ecstasy users report high rash impulsivity than non-users. Findings offer support to the above theoretical view that ecstasy users are more likely to act spontaneously, display disinhibition behaviour, hastily and other acts without consideration of potential consequences. Reach has also shown that ecstasy users are always aware of the potential harm of taking this drug. This propensity to act without considering the after effects clearly points out why some individuals take ecstasy in light of clear negative sequelae. The study points out that Australian ecstasy user are similar to the others studied internationally. Though, there was only one study that indicates rash impulsivity, but this study on Brisbane rave participants found no difference in impulsivity between non-users and ecstasy users.


Nevertheless, it was suggested that reward sensitivity persons may use ecstasy for riotous reasons as the individuals are more responsive to the positive components of taking the drug. This theory stills hold some truth as reward sensitivity individuals use ecstasy to main the nature of their social cohesion. Thus, it is suggested that ecstasy users are more sensitive to the rewards that are related to stronger social network. It is expected that the ecstasy users think that taking the drug will increase their cohesion with peers. Contrary, it has been reported that ecstasy users experience subacute impacts such as sadness, unhappiness and boredom after the administration of the drug.


It is shocking to consider the effects of the cyclic nature of the two way model. It is suggested that rash impulsivity servers and maintains to support the first approach and growth of the use of ecstasy for some individuals. Some rash impulsive individuals take ecstasy as a reduction of negative effects; this makes it possible to conclude that this behaviour may support the appetitive to take the drug. In line with other suggestions from researchers this model is there to offer some suggestions as to why some individual have to continue with the behaviour just after taking ecstasy even once.


The investigation was able to identify two different models of ecstasy drive. It seems that those who have more reward sensitivity are more likely to be lured by positive social sides linked with ecstasy use. On the other hand, it seems that rash sensitivity individuals are stimulated by the expectation that the drug will aid them in relief of other negative emotions and effects which may rise due to rash impulsivity.


 



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Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Indiana University And Coal Energy Resource cheap essay help: cheap essay help

 


The location of Indiana University in close proximity to the southwestern Indiana coal fields can be described as both a blessing and a curse. It is a blessing in that this location greatly reduces the cost of heating the Bloomington campus. However, coal is usually burns dirty leading to significant levels of air pollution and emission of steam heat from Indiana University’s Central Heating Plant. The high levels of pollution from the plant have been a cause for respiratory problems especially among asthma patients and other people suffering from lung conditions. Emission of other elements into the atmosphere like sulfur-dioxide, toxic mercury, and nitrogen-dioxide into the atmosphere significantly contributes to formation of acid rain and environmental contamination which can be harmful to both animal and plant health. The destructive property of coal to the environment takes place in every step of its usage from mining and burning to its disposal. Indiana Kids Environment’s Executive Director, Janet McCabe, in advocating for pollution reduction, considers coal combustion to be the leading source of mercury emission to the environment in the entire state.


In addressing the problems arising from Indiana University’s high dependency on coal energy resource, this paper describes the operations of coal-plants and how they are a threat to the environment and also address the main concerns in switching from coal to other forms of renewable energy. The objective here is to convey the reality of the situation in order to make everyone concerned to take a stand in urging Indiana University to embrace other, environmentally clean, energy resources.


Problem definition


Coal is one of the most abundantly available fossil fuels in the U.S. It is a black combustible sedimentary rock, mostly made of carbon and hydrocarbons. It takes millions of years to create coal which is why it is classified as a non-renewable form of energy. The energy of the coal used today was made from plants that existed millions of years ago when the earth was mostly covered by swampy forests. Coal mined in the United States is used for a variety of both industrial and domestic purposes but notably close to 94% of it is used in generating electricity. The detrimental effects of coal are evident from its mining to its usage through burning. Coal mining has a negative impact on natural ecosystems and even on the quality of water around the mines. Coal mining also damages landscapes and depletes scenic views. Acidic water has also been known to seep from abandoned mines to streams and rivers (EPA 79825).


Burning or combustion of coal produces emissions that are harmful to the environment. There are several harmful emissions that result from burning of coal. The first one is sulfur dioxide (SO2) which is a major cause for acid rain and a high prevalence of respiratory complications in human populations. The second kind of emissions is nitrogen oxides (NOx) which besides causing acid rain also bring about photochemical smog. The third is carbon dioxide (CO2) which is one of the primary greenhouse gases that results from energy use. Coal is known to be responsible for 40% of the world’s CO2 emissions (Hinnefeld). Equally harmful is mercury which is also emitted from coal combustion and has been linked to various neurological and growth problems in both humans and animals. Mercury usually exists in low harmless concentrations in the air but when it gets in contact with water in higher concentrations it transforms into methylmercury which is toxic to fish and other animals including human beings who eat contaminated fish (Mastalerz and Drobniak). It is thus evident that in as much as coal is a popular source of energy due to its low cost of production and usage, it is very harmful to the environment and specifically to the animals and humans residing in these areas.


Proposal


The detrimental effects of coal mining and its combustion are not restricted to people living around the mines or close to processing plants as many might want to believe. On the contrary the problem is even more concentrated around our homes than we know. Indiana University for instance depends on coal combustion for 96% of its electricity generation all over the campus. There are over one hundred and ten campus buildings in an area of twelve million square feet all depending on the University’s coal plant that uses steam to provide internal heating. To heat water for steam heat need in the 110 buildings, the Indiana University’s Central Heating Plant burns 68,000 tons of coal in addition to 3.4 million therms of gas every year (Brooks).


The entire nation uses about 50% of coal energy to generate its electricity, which is significantly less than Indiana University does at 96%. This is definitely one of the major reasons why the state of Indiana ranks an unenviable third position in carbon dioxide emissions nationwide. Indiana University’s high dependence on coal energy largely contributes to the states high carbon dioxide emissions. It can even be accurately argued that Indiana University’s Central Heating Plant has been responsible for many asthmatic and respiratory problems in this area and it is high time measures were taken to implement an alternative source of energy.


Counter-argument


In the last few years, the Indiana University’s Central Heating Plant (CHP) has increasingly become dependent on coal more than natural gas. This increased dependence on coal has been attributed to the rise of natural gas price. It should also be noted that IU also buys electricity from Duke Energy to supplement its own plant generation. This is because consumption of electricity has increased by over 7% since the year 2000 (Menefee). This increase in the use of electricity can, to a reasonable extent, be attributed to a more persistent use of computers and energy intensive gadgets and technologies all the campus. Taken against this background, IU can claim to have been forced to exclusively rely on coal by harsh economic realities. There have been efforts to close down the CHP but the IU officials instead chose to upgrade the plant to meet the Clean Air Act requirements by replacing the boilers with a gas-fired boiler (Hewetson). However, coal combustion will still remain IU’s fuel of choice which means all the upgrading will only be a window dressing act.


Alternative selection


            On the face of environmental issues associated with the use of coal, one would not be wrong to argue that the detrimental effects of coal are hardly reflected in its availability and price in the market. If the price of coal was compared to the damage it causes through pollution, then every right thinking citizen would realize that, in the long run, natural gas and other renewable forms of energy would comparatively be more favorable choices. Like other universities across the country, IU should seriously consider being on the forefront of the search for other sources of renewable energy. According to Mark Menefee, the assistant director for utilities at Indiana University, a change from coal to natural gas would cost the IU an additional $15 million annually. This might seem an unfeasible option due to its financial costs but other colleges like Ball State University have managed to install geothermal power and every new building in the school has to meet set standards. IU students should also take a proactive role in energy conservation to reduce the environmental impact of coal usage. Turning off lights and computers which are not being used all over Bloomington campus will significantly reduce consumption of energy and minimize pollution.


It is thus imperative that everyone concerned at IU should take an active role in helping to push the university towards a renewable source of energy that is 100% clean unlike coal. Such initiatives have borne success in other universities like Ball State and there is no reason why we should not achieve the same here at IU. There are individuals and clubs dedicated to this venture for example, there is a club called Coal-Free IU that began in Fall 2009 (Coal-Free IU). Coal-Free IU is sponsored by a non-governmental organization called Sierra Club which focuses on environmental conservation. Anyone can join the Coal-Free IU through Facebook or Twitter.


Conclusion


This paper has in some details described what coal is and its detrimental effects on human beings and the environment. It has gone further to show how much Indiana University is dependent on coal energy for generation of electricity through its CHP facility. The urgency in this issue has also been addressed just as well as the measures that need to be taken to make IU and the Bloomington community eventually coal free. Coal is indeed harmful and efforts should be to find and utilize other environmentally friendly sources of energy.


Works Cited


Brooks, Nicole. “Research at IU Seeking Ways to Make Coal Power Greener:        HeraldTimesOnline.com.” Indiana University. 13 Mar. 2009. Web. 4 April, 2011.           <http://www.indiana.edu/~phyplant/news_archive/2009-03-13-HT.htm>.


Coal Free IU.Web. 04 April, 2011. <http://coalfreeiu.wordpress.com>.


EPA. “Regulatory finding on the emissions of hazardous air pollutants from electric utility steam generating units.” U.S. Federal Register, 65.254 (2000): 79825-79831.


Hewetson, Hank. “Indiana University Physical Plant. Focus Overview: From the director’s desk.” 2006. Web. 04 April, 2011. <http://www.indiana.edu/%7Ephyplant/news_archive/Focus-2006-Winter.pdf>.


Hinnefeld, Steve. “Power plant upgrade to reduce emissions.” 3 June, 2007. Web. 04 April, 2011. <http://www.indiana.edu/~phyplant/2007-06-03-HT.html>.


Mastalerz, Maria and Drobniak, Agnieszka. “Mercury Content of Indiana Coals.” Indiana Geological Survey, Indiana University. 2007. Web. 04 April, 2011. <http://igs.indiana.edu/geology/coaloilgas/mercuryincoal/index.cfm>.


Menefee, Mark. “Indiana University Physical Plant. Personal communication.” 17 May, 2006. Web. 04 April, 2011. <http://bloomington.in.gov/documents/viewDocument.php?document_id=2986>.


 



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Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Personality testing in employee recruitment extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

 


Personality testing can be regarded as a crucial aspect of employee recruitment and training since it helps determine the behavior of employees, as well as their suitability to perform the assigned task. Knowledge about the personality traits of an employee is crucial since it gives the employer more information about the job applicant. Organizations opt to conduct personality testing since it is a cheap method. Apart from the low costs incurred in conducting personality testing, the method gives effective solutions regarding pertinent decisions that the organization wishes to make. While carrying out these tests, it is crucial that the employer is not biased; as this ensures that the results from the test are reliable and valid. When conducted in an appropriate manner, personality tests can act as the basis for measuring the capability of employees. Thus, they can help in eliminating the use of such methods as interviews in evaluating the employee (Ivancevich, Konopaske & Matteson, 2013).


By dropping personality testing, Mark can be said to be making a bad decision, which will affect the organization negatively. This is because personality testing is instrumental to the development of employees, as well as in training them. Thus, Mark should continue using personality testing; as this will help in improving the workforce. Employees may fake personality tests in order to show their employers that they are different from other employees of the organization. Another reason why employees may fake these tests is because they want to gain promotion at the workplace. Other than hiring, personality testing can be used in making other management decisions. One of the management decisions that can be supported by personality tests includes firing of employees. While firing an employee, the management may use personality tests to ascertain inappropriate behavior in employees. As a manager, I would use the personality tests to ascertain the suitable candidates for a certain position in the organization. Moreover, I would personality tests as the basis for promoting employees to higher positions in the organization. In addition, I can use personality tests in designing training programs for employees.


Exercise 4.2


From this exercise, there are several issues that I have learnt about the attribution process. The case gives a clear explanation of what attribution entails. From this case, I learnt that the attribution process is based on our understanding of other people’s behavior. My understanding of the attribution process is that attribution theory is key to understanding what shapes relationships in social interactions. Don’s strained relationships with workers of the organization are based on his attributions and the meaning he attaches to the interactions. Although he does not engage the workers in any meaningful talk, he has managed to command the other workers. Based on the attribution process, Don can be seen as defensive since he blames other workers for shortcomings experienced in the company. He does not want to take the blame himself since he always considers himself right. His explanations of failure are based on attributing failure to external factors who in this case are the employees of the organization (Ivancevich, Konopaske & Matteson, 2013).


With regard to the attribution process, my reactions were quite different from those of my classmates. Our explanations of behavior were diverse and none of use gave similar explanations of such behavior. Some of my classmates seemed biased when explaining the causes of attribution. Their explanation of failure was also different from mine; some of them viewed failures with a lot of contempt and had no regard for people who failed. On the other hand, some of my classmates accepted failure as a normal part of human life, and as a phenomenon that could not be avoided.


Based on my understanding of the attribution process, I would use this theory to understand the behavior of employees in the context of the organization. Besides, this theory would assist me in ensuring that employees behave as expected by the rules of the organization.


 


References


Ivancevich, J.  M., Konopaske, R. & Matteson, M. (2013). Organizational behavior and management. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.



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Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


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Individualism and Meritocracy in the united states summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help

 


The United States has incorporated meritocracy in the education culture. This involves giving equal opportunities to students and grading them on merit. According to many, America is the “land of opportunities” and those who are privilege to come to this great country are said to be living their American dream. An individual can go as far as they please because all opportunities are awarded in the order of merit unlike in some countries where it is whom you know and not what you know that lands you that important opportunity.


McNamee & Miller (2004), challenge this notion of meritocracy because the system does not always work how most people think it does. This applies mostly in higher institutions of learning where the standards required for enrolment are compromised. Most qualified students complain that they are not awarded the opportunity to enrol because they are from a “superior” race and their opportunity is given to other minority races so as to make sure that the student in the institution are from a mixture of various races (Kinser & Forest, 2002).


The United States has passed laws that enable all students in schools should be taught to value each student as an individual. Ethnic and multicultural studies introduced in school also work to enhance these laws and therefore, according to the government, it was important for these studies to be incorporated in the curriculum. These studies empower students to appreciate their ethnicity and that of others therefore becoming respectable members of the society. The most significant lesson that these students should acquire is that one can become anything with extra effort regardless of their ethnicity or socioeconomic status.


 


 Multiculturalism


So far according to Roxana et al (1995), the universally accepted definition of multiculturalism has not yet been realized. Same applies to the concept of what multicultural education should entail. At the moment, most school activities are said to be multicultural oriented depending on the view the school has on the definition of multiculturalism. Education of culturally diverse groups in schools is one of the activities considered to be multicultural. Teachers are trained to satisfy the needs of students who are from minority groups.


This includes the learning of a substitute language in order to communicate better with all the students. In the school curriculum there is incorporation of studies that help students to learn about other cultures for them to appreciate the positive impacts of these cultures to the society. Heritage Language programs are taught in schools and in come schools, they are core units that advocate for recognition of ethnic diversity and the right for all to retain their cultural diversity (Roxana et al, 1995).


In higher education, multiculturalism is expressed in various ways as explored by Kinser & Forest (2002). This ideology is commonly embraced by the notion that students from all cultural backgrounds are given a chance to enrol for higher education studies. These diverse cultures are integrated into all the students’ lives through the curriculum and other extra-curricula activities. Multiculturalism seeks to increase one’s opportunities as well as change the existing policies to ensure that the student’s interests and cultural diversities are intimately incorporated in the society. As well as inclusion and appreciation of ethnic and racial difference into the wider meaning of multiculturalism, other groups have also been identified since the beginning of the twenty first century. According to Kinser & Forest (2002), they include, sexual orientation, religious traditions, physical as well as mental capabilities, socioeconomic class and gender categories which is inclusive of Trans gendered individuals.


 


Multicultural Education for Teachers


Incorporation of multicultural education for teachers is crucial for its successful implementation in schools. Educational reforms are for teachers are important to ensure that the effects of schooling for the youth are positive rather than having a system where race and ethnicity are the primary determinants for school performance (Vavrus, 2002).


Well trained and qualified teachers do not automatically have the required knowledge on multicultural education and skills to comfortably meet the requirements of all the students regardless of their ethnic diversity as explored by Roxana et al (1995) and Vavrus (2002). Most of the researches carried out on the subject reveal that, most class teachers believe that each student is responsible for their own performance in education as opposed to efforts to implementation of multicultural reforms. This is because most teachers believe that perseverance and individual merit is the key to educational success.


The most significant goal of incorporation of multicultural education in education programs for teachers is to transform the multicultural knowledge in the curriculum with an aim of replacing traditional education methods that marginalize or even ignore multicultural education. While seeking to increase the intake of students in schools that are from diverse cultural backgrounds, it is important to incorporate multicultural education in the curriculum so as to accommodate the entire student enhancing their relationship with other students as well as their teachers.


 


Critiques of Multiculturalism


Critiques of multiculturalism are both positive and negative as explored by Kinser & Forest (2002). Some critiques tend to be conceived to the ideologies of meritocracy, objective equality and standardization. Views of denying white qualified students entry into higher institution and substituting them with others from minority races in order to ensure that the students are from mixed and diverse cultures. Lowering of standards for admission in order to satisfy liberal equality is not considered fair by some critiques. They insist that all individuals ought to be judge on merit and not their ethnicity. Critiques also object the inclusion of western civilization including other studies in literature and philosophy claiming that all educated individuals should have knowledge on the subject. Therefore, it is pointless to incorporate these studies in the curriculum (Kinser & Forest, 2002).


Alternatively, others believe that the incorporation of multicultural studies in higher institutions of learning is not sufficient for the radical changes that are expected to come with their implementation. The society has treated individual success with a lot of importance which emphasizes individualism and meritocracy. According to Kinser & Forest (2002) and Makedon (1996), categorization of individuals as well as learning of a specific ethnic group is bound to enforce rather than changing assumptions and stereotypes.


 


Ethnocentrism


Ethnocentrism has existed in the education of teachers especially in English-speaking western countries. These teacher educators have for a long time neglected the needs of international students who enrol in their programs. Most qualified teachers lack the knowledge on how to impart multicultural education in their students. As discussed by Vavrus (2002), these leaves ethnicity and race to be the key determinants in school performance. It has been an observation by many researchers that all international students are obliged to learn English as an alternative language. Most people go to ask why is it that these students have to learn English. Do Americans feel more superior and give a condition that these students have to learn English in order for them to be incorporated into the America culture?


According to Vavrus (2002), most students confessed that ethnocentrism is often practised in school and is reinforced by the American culture. In other cases, this has affected the relationship of international students with their teachers and other students. These students end up performing poorly in comparison to their counterparts who are American student. In extreme case, some teachers also favour students from a superior race awarding them good grades even when they do not deserve them. In this case, ethnocentrism has compromised meritocracy to a great extend.


 


Multiculturalism versus Ethnocentrism


The difference between multiculturalism and ethnocentrism as defined by Makedon (1996) is that one is inclusive and the other is exclusive respectively. In multiculturalism, the students are enriched with different cultures which require all students to be included to participate in all school activities. Ethnocentrism, alternatively, is the complete opposite of multiculturalism where only members of the same ethnic background are allowed to interact. When practised in severe cases, ethnocentrism is seeks to exclude outsiders and also devise ways on how to control members of other races. This is the often the root cause of concepts such as imperialism and colonialism. The members of a certain race feel “superior” to other members of other races.


Ethnocentrism was practised by some races in the past, but that does not mean that these groups of people are incapable of embracing multiculturalism. Conversely, those being oppressed by the “superior” race could also turn and become ethnocentric.


 


Conclusion


Ethnocentrism is the root cause of many vices in the society. It has been linked to racism which is a social problem that has dominated in the United States for many years now. In the determination to wipe out racism, multicultural studies introduced in learning institutions have helped students to appreciate diverse cultures. These studies will go along way in eliminating ethnocentrism that is widespread in most of our learning institutions.


It is important for these studies to be introduced in teachers’ education because most qualified teachers lack the knowledge and skills to teach such courses in school. Most teachers believe in the notion that students are required to individually contribute to their own success and not depend to be included in other student’s cultures in order to perform better in school.


 


 


 


 


 


 


References


Kinser, K & Forest, J. (2002). Higher Education in the United States. USA: ABC-CLIO. Print.


 


Makedon, A. (1996). What Multiculturalism Should Be. Chicago: Chicago States University. Print.


 


McNamee, S. & Miller, R “The Meritocracy Myth”. Sociation Today. 2004.


 


Roxana, N., Staton, P. & Scane, J. (1995). Anti-racism, Feminism and Critical Approaches to Education. Canada: Greenwood Publishing Group. Print.


 


Vavrus, M. (2002). Transforming the Multicultural Education of Teachers: Theory Research and Practise. New York:  Teachers College Press. Print.


 


 


 


 



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Individualized Educational Program discussion instant essay help: instant essay help

Individualized Educational Program


Introduction


1        An Individualized Educational Program incorporates objectives regarding children with disabilities under the federal laws and regulations (Reinertson, 1993).


2        It is the school principal’s responsibility to ensure teachers and school authorities work together to progress a student with disability’s potential to be a better person in future.


3        Each IEP is critical to an individual student in a unique way because it explores further the services a special education programme provides to such a student.


4        Strengthen the role of the co teacher with respect to the teaching and implementation of lesson plans.


5        The district in partnership with the school agrees to ensure there is provision of a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE).


Benefits of a well funded and supported co teaching program

1.                  Student to teacher ratio is established.

2.      All the stakeholders involved in the education sector of the disabled child provide a supportive education system.

3.                  The school based culture of collaboration is established.

Principles and mandates that incorporate an IEP


1        FAPE together with IDEA should provide services, which will make sure the disabled child meets the stipulated standards of gradually progressing in the general curriculum.


2        The services provided should be in line with the goals of the student and should advance towards achieving them.


3        There should be appropriate participation in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) by the student with respect to the ongoing school curriculum.


4        The Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) allows participation of the disabled student with non-disabled students in ongoing school activities without discrimination.


5        The Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) stipulates that school attendance is a compulsory affair unless the student is examined with a disability.


Student’s Present Levels of Educational Performance (PLEP)


A disabled student is gauged from analysis of both the past and present academic performance (Bates, 2012). The past helps determine the future, with the present results being the motivating factor to achieve the future success. Stakeholders Associated with implementing and enforcing an IEP ought to recognize the student’s needs initially and then outline them in the PLEP section of the IEP.


This will help the co-teacher in coming up with an effective and well funded academic response to the disabled child’s academic requirements


The importance of determining PLEP


The disabled student’s present performance is useful because of



It is useful in providing a good description of a student’s abilities in that particular field
PLEP identifies a student’s strengths and weaknesses and then relates them to the general academic core curriculum of the institution.
The PLEP supplements the student’s outlined objectives and goals as per the IEP, and the special education curriculum and services essential for the student in relation to addressing the student’s strengths and weaknesses.
The Student’s Present Levels of Educational Performance (PLEP) acts as guideline in ensuring the students achieves the set yearly targets together with the educational performance.

What PLEP considers in an IEP

Informational resource point



The disabled student’s present behaviors with respect to the other students in accordance with the core curriculum
The student’s academic performance from assessments that have been done either district wide or statewide for example state tests.
The teacher’s reports.
Observations made about the student in the classroom.
Parents’ response towards the child’s activities.

Parents’ concern about the student’s progression in his academic work



The parent may be able to tell about the child’s strengths, goals so that it can help in coming up with a conclusive guideline of formulating the students’ participation in academic programs.
The parent may be in a unique position to discuss the history of the child’s disability, and how the disability has had an impact on the child’s social lifestyle
The parent may be able to help in formulating positive learning and behavioral strategies, which will effectively assist in developing the disabled child’s performance both at home and in school.

Special factors

These factors ought to be considered in each IEP but they are not considered in the consent of the IDEA. If need be, the IEP team ought to take account of a statement of the services required needed. These include



Transition services. The student should need to be introduced to Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR), or other agencies providing transition services at an early age preferably at thirteen years so as to seek consultation. These factors will be handy in providing a satisfactory statement in an IEP concerning the child.(Bilken, 1985).
An activity, which slows down the student’s learning process. An IEP team should consider coming up with strategies, which includes the student’s positive feelings and goals aimed at developing such attitudes. According to court cases in the past, a teacher may disrupt the positive learning process of the student thereby hindering the student’s progress in life.(Bilken, 1985)
An IEP team should put into practice activities that favor a child in case of hearing disabilities. They should consider the appropriate language to use in such situations and the most suitable way for the child to communicate at ease with the rest of the students.
Blindness is another disability the IEP team should consider. In case the student has visual impairments, use of Braille ought to be considered as it eases the student’s learning process. This decision should be made after the team evaluates the student in terms of reading and writing skills.

Goals and objectives

Since the teachers are teaching the same information, class division comes in handy to enable teaching simultaneously (Bates, 2011). More supervision and a high chance of participation is achieved

Why Short-term goals and objectives?



Aid in ensuring the student’s educational objectives is met irrespective of the disabilities. Although the goals are aimed at ensuring the students’ curriculum progress, the goals should not fully be academically. They could include the student’s social goals and even his interactions outside school.
The stipulated goals should ensure the child’s needs, which are as a result of the disability is fully under the correct compliance. This is in order to improve the student’s social and academic involvement.

Purpose of Goals and Objectives



Linking the short-term goals and objectives to the respective student’s wide-range of educational capability with regards to the core curriculum.
Relating the specified goals and objectives of the student to the essential elements in the syllabus.
Aiming the goals at acquiring the necessary skills and competencies, this facilitates utmost participation in the placement among the broad syllabus.

Stakeholders in an IEP



Family members
Special education administrator
The disabled student’s teacher
The disabled child

Role of stakeholders

In line with addressing a child with disabilities, the stakeholders are very important in this process. The parents have a major role of encouraging and boosting the child with disability’s morale. The teacher comes in handy by trying to encourage the disabled student in the classroom set up by being a source of motivation.

Role of an Administrator

1        Provide funding for teaching material

2        Assist in evaluating the co teaching process

3        Be able to define and articulate the purpose of co teaching to the relevant stakeholders.

4        Make sure teachers are accountable for the progress of every disabled child and children with abilities. This should be in terms of behavior and academics.

5        Be knowledgeable about the purpose of co teaching and the models involved.

6        As an administrator, one ought to provide an ongoing and funding opportunity for skilled growth.

Parents’ concern about the student’s progression in his academic work

1        The parent may be able to tell about the child’s strengths, goals and weaknesses.

2        The parent may be in a unique position to discuss the history of the child’s disability, and how the disability has had an impact on the child’s social lifestyle

3        The parent may be able to help in formulating positive learning and behavioral strategies.

How to Write a More Effective Present Level of Performance

one ought to begin with the student’s general and academic performance





Come up with each subject’s objectives.
The goals are written down should be realistic and attainable.
The goals and objectives should be time effective. It should incorporate enough time for the student to complete assignments, and specific time limitations to complete a certain task.
Choose a wide array of adaptations suitable for the student. These adaptations are useful in that they can:




Increase time allocation for peer counseling
Reduce the number of subjects to learn
Come up with a comprehensive time framework, which is flexible for the student.
Ease the mode of comprehension of the disabled child in the syllabus
Modify the material to be presented in such a way the student does not learn more material at once. Instead, they should learn bit by bit.
The presented materials should incorporate short and easy to comprehend lesson structures especially in cases where the concepts learnt are hard to comprehend.
The student should be given easy to do assignments that are related to the study materials.

Important recommendations implementing an IEP



Include examples of assessment tools to use.
attainable and realistic goals and objectives that are going to be used
The IEP should be effective even at home. The child’s life revolves around school and home.
The addition of other professionals and other members who play a role in the daily life of the student ought to be considered.
Education funding ought to be incorporated to ensure there is maximum educational support to the disabled student

Conclusion


A disabled student requires more attention like a child without disabilities in the development of their early life into adulthood. If this is compromised, the disabled individual child may end up being useless without any significant value in life. The world today requires able-people regardless of shape, size and ethnicity. Disability is not a crime and people with such should be treated with much respect and admiration.


References


Bates, J. Developing, Implementing, and Monitoring the IFSP/ IEP. Retrieved  November 14, 2012 from http://www.google.co.ke/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fchildhealthanddevelopment.files.wordpress.co%2F2011%2F02%2Fseven.pdf&ei=K4ikUMXGL6ajigfgnYCQBg&usg=AFQjCNHmE8cBhCv4_QyVQz2X3LDbiQlTlw.


Bilken, D. (1985). Achieving the complete school: Strategies for effective mainstreaming.  New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University.


 


Reinertson, B. (1993). Handbook for the inclusion of young children with severe disabilities. Lawrence, KS: Learner Managed Designs.


 


Future reflections. Education Plan Checklist. Retrieved November 14, 2012, from https://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/fr/fr04/issue1/f040105.html


Individualized Education Program (IEP). (n.d.). Retrieved November 14, 2012, from http://www.gallaudet.edu/clerc_center/information_and_resources/info_to_go/educate_children_(3_to_21)/individualized_education_program.html



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


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Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


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Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


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There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Personality: classic theories and modern research. college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

 


The behavior of people in any settings can be observed using the big five dimensions. The big five dimensions of Personality or peoples behaviors include; Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism also known as the OCEAN. Openness trait features characteristics such as insight and imagination.  Conscientiousness traits include high levels of thoughtfulness and goal directed behaviors.  Agreeableness traits include features such as kindness, affection, trust as well as, other personal behaviors. Extraversion trait on the other hand, includes features such as sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness and emotional expressiveness. Neuroticism traits include features such as anxiety, moodiness sadness and irritability. The big five dimensions are significant because they accurately describe personality or people’s behavior (Friedman, 2013).


While carrying out this study, I observed various theories, given that an individual’s behavior is derived from different theory aspects. These theories include psychology social cognitive theories, trait theory, as well as classical theories of personalities. Trait theory refers to an approach used in analyzing the personality structure by either identifying, classifying or measuring the similarities as well as, differences in traits or personality characteristics. However, trait refers to an enduring tendency of behaving in a certain way (Friedman, &Schustack, 2001).


Social cognitive theory on the other hand, asserts that an individual can learn behaviors through modeling, observation as well as, interactions. It is evident that personalities are shaped by interactions which include cognitive factors, behaviors as well as environmental factors. Cognitive factors include beliefs, values, feelings as well as thoughts; environmental factors on the other hand are social influences such as family, media and peers while behaviors include the outward actions.


Conversely, I also learnt that, social psychology is a branch of psychology which studies an individual in a social context. Social psychology is different from the general psychology in that general psychology is a broad term for all forms of psychology which encompasses social, cognitive, evolutionary, and many others. However, social psychology is more specialized and looks at how people respond in a group. For instance,there are various ways in which people can react to the environment. Different people can choose different environment or an individual’s personalities can shape how he/she interpret and react to the events. Personality traits can be stable and consistent in a given period of time (Friedman, &Schustack, 2001). For example, it is evident that at the age of 20-30, both men and women usually become less emotional, self-disciplined as well as, more cooperative.


Today, most psychologists are using a number of different scientific methods to conduct research regarding social psychology topics. For instance, social psychology uses correlation research in identifying the look for relationships between the variables. Other styles of research include experiment research and descriptive. I also learnt that the goal of descriptive research is mainly to portray what already exists within a given population; however, experimental research is used to uncover the causal relationships between variables.I think that descriptive research is most beneficial when studying group behavior. This is because, it helps in portraying what actually exists in a given group or population. For instance, in this research, people’sbehaviors such as attitudes toward a particular social issue can be studied (Friedman, 2010).


References


Friedman, H. S. (2010). Personality + the personality reader + mypsychkit: classic theories and modern research.. London: Prentice Hall.


Friedman, H. S., &Schustack, M. W. (2001).Readings in personality: classic theories and modern research. London: Allyn and Bacon.


Friedman, H. S., &Schustack, M. W. (2009).Personality: classic theories and modern research. London: Allyn and Bacon.


Friedman, H. S. (2013). Personality: Pearson New International Edition Classic Theories and Modern Research. (Fifth new international ed.). London: Pearson.



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Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


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Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Indonesia And International Trade discussion essay help 123: essay help 123

Indonesia and international Trade


            Indonesia is an archipelago i.e. a group of islands that stretches along the equator between the Southeast Asian mainland and Papua New Guinea. The country controls important shipping lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The strategic sea-lane location of the Indonesian archipelago has been an important facilitator of inter-island and international trade.


There are several aspects of international trade in Indonesia this include; the trade organizations Indonesia is part of.indonesia  has made efforts to promote its trade and international trade relations through membership of  APEC,ASEAN,WTO and G-20 all this are international trade organizations that facilitate international trade between Indonesia and other countries in the world (Stanley St Labs, 2010).


Another aspect is the commodity composition of international trade. The exports in Indonesia are mainly low technology goods and natural resource based products.indonesia has a number of industry sectors that enable the country to take part in international trade this include the agriculture sector that is a great contributor to the country’s GDP as well as employment sector. It boasts as one of the largest rubber producers in the world, its other major crops such as coffee, tea spice, palm oil. The country has exploitable timber lands and mainly exports timber. The major export commodities are oil and gas where Indonesia is termed as the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas. Manufactured goods such as textile, clothing, footwear, cement and chemical fertilizers are an important part of Indonesia’s international trade and textile is the largest export. These products are exported to Indonesia’s three main export partners; japan, theUnited States and southeast asia.the main import commodities in Indonesia are Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and food stuffs. The import partners are; Southeast Asia, Japan and china. The main destination for Indonesia’s products is Japan since it is the chief trading partner to Indonesia as well as the biggest foreign investor. They even signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) is a bilateral trade deal. This agreement exempts Japanese import duties at a great extent of 90 % (Stanley St Labs, 2010).


            Indonesia can be termed as both open and not open to international trade to a certain degree when a comparison is made. Despite the rapid growth in exports of resource based commodities, thereis no significant progress that Indonesia has made in increasing its export on manufactured and processed goods. The producers in Indonesia are concerned on the ability of Indonesia to compete with low cost producers in foreign markets. The products in Indonesia are less competitive in the foreign markets due to the country’s poor logistics system. Therefore international trade becomes closed in terms of the products since they would not be marketable in international trade markets. The products cannot find their way in international markets since they are termed as inferior and highly priced as compared to other similar products. There are also high costs of transporting high quality goods like shrimp from eastern Indonesia to where they are processed in java, this makes them too expensive to export and thus closes any chance for international trade exports of shrimps. There are high intra-island logistics costs that include severe road congestion on java, in addition to poor road quality that makes trucking costs in Indonesia to be very high than the average for Asia and results to increased prices in general (The World Bank Group, 2011).  There is also poor performance in main ports in Jakarta and Surabaya due to the low productivity in the port this reduces international connectivity and hence reduce the chances of Indonesia taking part in international trade as there is no way connections can be made internationally.


On the other hand Indonesia is increasingly becoming open to international trade through a number of efforts that are aimed to streamline and simplify trade related procedures. Forinstance the creation of a single window for trade NSW that is agreedwith ASEAN that will replaces a manual system and hence make international trade easier since it is an online system and there would be no requirement of submitting paper copies of trade documents(The World Bank Group, 2011). There is also continued promotion of innovative and export diversification, where there have been promotions of private and public partnerships for new product development and incentives to private sector to move to downstream processing .    There is also support of to Export Import financing Agency efforts in their exportation of new products or to new markets. This will increase the international trade in Indonesia since new products are introduced into the market as well as new markets being realized. There are also efforts of World Bank to strengthen the key trade and investment institutions so that Indonesia trade competitiveness is improved (The World Bank Group, 2011).  This has resulted to increased participation of Indonesia in international trade. Reduction of duties on imports is also another factor that shows Indonesia’s openness to international trade. The fact that Indonesia is part of trade organizations is an indication that it is open for foreign trade.


References


Advameg, Inc (2012). Indonesia – International trade. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from


http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Indonesia-INTERNATIONAL-TRADE.html


Stanley St Labs, (2010).Indonesia Trade, Exports and Imports. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from


http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/indonesia/export-import.html


The World Bank Group, (2011). Trade Development in Indonesia. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from


http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/EASTASIAPACIFICEXT/0,,contentMDK:23190534~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:226301,00.html


GlobalTrade.net – International Trade Resources, Import Export Services (2012).International Trade in Indonesia. Retrieved from October 24, 2012 from http://www.globaltrade.net/m/c/Indonesia.html


 



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Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Industrial Management: Case of Plymouth Plant college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

Industrial Management: Case of Plymouth Plant


Introduction


Industrial management is hardly an easy task. Any company is bound to go through periods of good and poor performance. Poor performance could be caused by a number of factors, which may be controllable or could be beyond the capacity of the organization. The case of Plymouth Plant is a bit complex given that the plant had been performing well. Besides, the plant belongs to a medium sized company, which has had good reputation and a team of skilled employees. Other than performing poorly, Plymouth Plant is losing a lot of money, which could be utilized in other company activities. Poor performance in this plant could as well affect the general performance of the entire company. These perceived impacts leave the company with an option of closing down the Plymouth Plant in order to save the company’s money and its market position. The only option is to structure some mechanisms that could improve the plant performance by focusing on process and product improvement as far as quality is concerned. This paper analyzes the problems facing the Plymouth Plant and the strategies suitable to revive it back to its normal position. The paper mainly focuses on the Six Sigma management model/strategy.


A Literature Perspective


Improving quality of products is meant to boost customer satisfaction and company sales. In trying to improve the quality of their processes, companies identify the main problem first and identify a set of strategies from which to operate. Companies apply a variety of approaches through statistical thinking to improve on quality. Such processes are collectively termed as process improvement strategies (Casselbrant and Wiklund, pg.29). In the attempt to boost the quality of both process and product quality, companies use the Six Sigma model as a perfect way of saving such companies from industrial and market competitions, and reviving the companies’ industrial and market positions. The Six Sigma makes use of DMAIC steps to improve on predetermined quality (Casselbrant and Wiklund, pg.33). DMAIC is elaborated as Define, measure, analyze, improve, and control. While firms could apply other strategies as a way of improving quality, the Six Sigma is considered among the most effective ways of boosting quality process and product within an organization.


The Problem Background


Plymouth Plant was one a good plant with good operational grounds. It may not be clear on what contributed to its downfall to a point of operating below its breakeven point. The company plant has faced a number of problems ranging from its management processes to its market operations. The plant activities include the manufacturing of chemical pumps used in a wide range of fluids as well as various industrial effluents. The market demand is however stable and is projected to grow in future in terms of more complex as well as more expensive products. The trend of products becoming more complex and expensive with time has existed for long implying that only concentration on quality would revive this great company (Casselbrant and Wiklund, pg.45).


Given that the market demand is stable, it means that the management, production, and marketing processes or efforts are hardly efficient. Some of the common problems could be a case whereby customer demands are not always met and in timely manner. This problem is caused by miscalculations within the plant’s capacity planning phase. Simple problems that cause the miscalculations could be known to the plant employees but they end up hesitating to raise the problems. Even the existing plant manage could hesitate to solve the problem due to the perception that such problems could take a lot of time to solve. Again, the key problem affecting the plant is poor quality products. Due to poor quality products, customers end up returning their purchased products for rework or even repair. This process adds to the cost of operating the plant since or reworking and repair costs are provided by the plant. Another major problem is the poor management of suppliers. There is hardly timely delivery of suppliers, which makes it difficult for the company to meet the prevailing demand (Gitlow). Customers end up being frustrated due to poor quality products and untimely delivery of their requests.


Most of the other problems are mechanical. The company plant still operates under the old manufacturing processes and machinery. This has been causing mechanical problems such as frequent breakdown of machinery and equipment making the production processes difficult. The end result is delayed customer requests and poor product quality, which further add to the customer frustration factors. Besides, the machines entail the old models and technology making even harder to obtain spare parts readily. Application of the Six Sigma model would boost the morale of the workers, improve the quality of the processes and end products, and revive the company plant to a very competitive position (Gitlow).


Application of the Six Sigma to Solve Plymouth Plant Problems


Given the many quality and operational problems facing Plymouth Plant, the Six Sigma model would be perfect in address possible mechanisms to put the plant into a very competitive position. The Six Sigma model starts by defining the problem, measuring the extent of the problem, analyzing the problem, checking on possible improvements, and then pushing for the necessary control strategies. The Six Sigma would regard the plant’s work as a system of processes that are interconnected. Its application would look for possible variations within all the processes. It would also regard understanding and consider variation reduction as the key aspects to success. The application of Six Sigma would be effective given that it is one of the most ambitious improvement programs in working standards and in work quality (Casselbrant and Wiklund, pg.36).


To improve the quality of process and products of the Plymouth company plant, it would be good to focus on five major areas. These areas would act as the basis for the plant improvements. First, it is important to understand and reduce the plant’s variations. After reducing the variations, improvements would be made based on the needs and expectations of the customers. This second area has been contributing to immense problems especially given that the needs and expectations of customers are hardly met. This aspect is evidenced by the frustrations seen in customers due to untimely delivery of products and constant sale of low quality products especially the fluid pumps, which end up being returned for repair. Customers could sometimes request for refund adding more to the financial constraints faced by the plant. It would thus be great to focus on customer needs and expectations (Gitlow).


After identifying the needs and expectations of the customer, it would then be great to understand the underlying processes used to produce the various plant products. Understanding the underlying process would make it possible to structure good and effective ways of changing the shape of the plant. The understanding would give room for solving chronic problems such as avoiding situation of long term repeat orders placed by customers. Mechanical problems that delay processes and contribute to poor product quality would also be solved. This would be done by incorporating new technologies in the production process such as CAD systems. Introduction of a CAD system would assist in creating, modifying, analyzing, and optimizing the product designs (Narayan, pg.57). The use of the latest software update would aid in refining the designs, improving the design quality, and more importantly assist in improving communication especially through documentation. It would also be wise to create an up-to-date manufacturing database.


After solving the management and processing faults, the management would then focus on how to achieve measurable results. Measurable results would show the achievement of the strategies implemented to place the plant back to a better competitive position. The company plant would strive to ensure that customers are satisfied. Customer satisfaction would only be realized after quality of the products is ensured and customer needs and expectations are worked out as soon as possible (Casselbrant and Wiklund, pg.77). This would be achieved if the company plant gains more power over suppliers such that it can ensure push for cheaper and timely supplies.


Summary


Plymouth has all the potentials to get back on its original position or even to a better competitive position than ever before. The plant performance is linked to many problems, which could easily be avoided with great commitments on the set strategies. The Six Sigma model could work adequately to revive the company plant by working to better the financial, industrial, and market position. The Six Sigma implies a measure of quality, which could strive near perfection of the plant. The strategy is mainly disciplined, data-driven, and uses methodology approach that would definitely eliminate all operational and managerial defects in the Plymouth Plant. The basic approaches would be based on defining, measuring, analyzing, improving, and taking full control of the existing problem.


Works Cited

Casselbrant, Rebecka and Erik Wiklund. Six Sigma Project Management: Managing Fast Track Projects at Plan & Secure Capacity, IKEA. Lund, 2011. Print.


Gitlow, Howard. New to Six Signma: An Introduction to Six Sigma Management. 2013 . Web. 08 Nov 2013 .


Narayan, K. Lalit. Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India, 2008. Print.


 


 



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While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


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In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


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Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


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We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


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Five forces shaping the airline industry summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help

Industry Analysis (Airline)


Contents


The Airline Industry. 1


Threat on new entrants. 2


Bargaining power of suppliers. 2


Bargaining power of Buyers. 2


Threat of a substitute service or product. 3


Rivalry from existing firms. 3


 


 


Emirates Airline Companyis an airline based at the Dubai International Airport in Dubai. It is a subsidiary of the Emirates group, which is a public international conglomerate that has its base in Dubai.Emirates airlines came into existence in the mid 1980s owing to the fact that the Gulf Air cut back its services to Dubai (Wakeling, 2011)


It is among the largest airlines in the Middle East that operates with a large number of flights. It operates about four of the world’s longest non-stop flights that are commercial from Dubai to Los Angels, Dallas, Houston, and SanFrancisco. It is wholly under the ownership of the government of Dubai directly under Investment Corporation of Dubai. It has built a strong brand name for itself as a leader in the aviation industry. This is particularly due to the fact that its services are excellent, it has grown rapidly over the years and it is consistent in terms of the profits realized.


The Airline Industry

The Airline Industry is among the most competitive and growing industries worldwide, reason being it leads to economic growth, international investment, world trade and tourism. This industry is categorized as among the fastest expanding sectors in the world. The industry is affected by political factors, trade and economic growth. An example of political factors effect on the industry is terrorism attacks that make people avoid visiting countries that have been attacked.oli price can be an economic factor since the rise in global prices have rendered the industry un profitable.


The five forces that impact the airline industryare;


Threat on new entrants

A new entrant is a threat to the existing company since it might come with better services than the one offered by the existing company. In the Airline industry this threat is high since the barriers that are set on entry are too high. These include a huge budget that is required to start a new airline. Another barrier is brand name, where the existing companies have created a brand name and hence it would be difficult for a new airline to build a name for itself. Furthermore some of the existing companies already have loyal customers.


Bargaining power of suppliers

Suppliers have an effect on the industry through their ability to raise prices or reduce the quality of goods or services they provide. There are very few airline suppliers globally these are Airbus and Boeing this means that the suppliers have a high power since they are limited and hence control the market since the demand for their manufactured products is high(Rahman,2010.)


Bargaining power of Buyers

The industry is affected by the buyers through their ability to bargain for more services that are of high quality. Thebuyers’ power in this industry is high since the airline industry serves many passengers. The costs of switching airlines are low and the passengers have a large option base.


Threat of a substitute service or product

This threat can be viewed on a regional and international point. This threat in the regional airlines is high since passengers may opt to drive their cars, or even board trains as a means of travel within the region. On an international level the threat is low since most people use airplanes are a faster and comfortable means of travel (Rahman,2010.)


Rivalry from existing firms

This is very high in the airline industry as there are a variety of airline companies that provide the same services to passengers (Rahman, 2010) Some of the airlines are very creative in their advertising strategies and they easily outdo others through this.


The airline industry is thus a very important industry globally. There from the analysis we see that there are many factors that affect it and all these have to be keenly monitored to ensure its success.


References


Rahman, J. (2010.).Five forces shaping the airline industry;five forces in airline industry.


Wakeling, B. (2011). History of Emirates Airlines









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Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

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What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


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You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


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You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


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Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


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You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


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Infectious Diseases And Defence Mechanism online essay help: online essay help

Infectious Diseases And Defence Mechanism


The external host defences to infection


The human body has a variety of mechanisms that prevent infectious diseases. Nonspecific defences are the support mechanisms that operate against a wide range of pathogens (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 1). The specific defence techniques target a specific pathogen and the cells infected by the pathogen (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 1). Pathogens enter the human body through different sites. These microorganisms that enter the body produce a variety of diseases. The innate defence mechanisms found in all vertebrates species help counter act invasions by different microorganisms. These mechanisms act within minutes of infection (Bauler, 2009, p. 1). When the outside defence mechanisms become evaded, then the adaptive immune response becomes a necessity.


The epithelium, which provides a physical barrier between the internal and external organs, defends the body surface against pathogens (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 5). The epithelium consists of the skin, the lining making up the body’s tubular structures including urinogenital and respiratory tracts. The epithelial cells are effectively held together to form a seal against the external environment (Janeway, 2001, p. 38). These cells protect the body against infections that may occur in through the skin in the form of open wounds or burns. In case there are no open wounds, the microorganisms may enter the body. While inside the body, they may try to establish some kind of infection on the epithelial surface. The binding of pathogens to the molecules on the inner epithelial surfaces allows the microorganisms to cause an infection to the epithelial cell by displacing the inflow of fluids and air across the epithelial surface (Janeway, 2001, p. 38).


In the respiratory tract, the mucosal epithelia secrete mucus (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 5). The mucus secreted contains numerous glycoproteins that coats microorganisms and prevents their entry into the epithelium and the respiratory tract. When the cilia tissue is filled, the microorganisms are excreted from the respiratory tract in the mucus (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 6).


Breeching of the host innate immune system by microorganisms


The human bodies are in constant exposure to microorganisms in the environment. Contact may occur through the internal or external epithelial surfaces (Janeway, 2001). Airborne microbes enter the body through the respiratory tract. The respiratory tract has airway filters that prevent pathogens from reaching the tracheobronchial tree. In case the pathogens breech this, the lung becomes affected because the mucociliary epithelium transports the pathogens towards the lungs (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 116) in the end causing pneumonia. Cigarette smoke is the other pollutant that may damage the protection mechanism of the host innate immune system thus causing cancer (Rubin and Young, 2002, p. 313). The immune system at times gets breached by tiny particles in the air. When an individual inhales the tiny air particles, the non specific immune system fights the dirt and bacteria thus preventing infections. In case, this does not work; the body becomes vulnerable to diseases such the flu.


The mouth is the other organ that can be breached by microorganisms. The saliva, which is found in the mouth, is responsible for killing and trapping germs found in the mouth. The Epstein Barr virus, a virus that causes cancer, in most cases is transmitted via the saliva (Rubin and Young, 2002, 392). According to research, the virus is found and spread by the saliva. Food poisoning resulting from various germ infections in the stomach causes vomiting diarrhoea among other effects thus showing a breech in the immune system.


The epithelial muscle can be breached leading to mumps. Mumps is a viral disease occurring in children. It results to the swelling of the cheek area (Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2007, p. 593)


 


Reference


Bauler, L. D., 2009. XIAP Promotes the Innate Immune Response During Cytosolic Bacterial Infection. Michigan: ProQuest Publishing.


Janeway C., 2001. Immunobiology five. New York: Garland Science


Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 2007. Diseases and Disorders. New York: Marshall Cavendish.


Rubin, R. H. and Young L. S., 2002. Clinical Approach to Infection in the Compromised Host. New York: Springer Publishing.



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


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discussion on Influence College Has On Students my assignment essay help: my assignment essay help

Influence College Has On Students


Average college going students are in their late teens and better part of their 20s for those who further to postgraduate levels. At their age in life, they are the most active lot of the adult population. Because of this activity, many things are going on in their lives at the same time coupled with the quest to experience new things in life. A college student is willing to risk and experience, they can become careless even on matters of great importance. Many of them go to college because of the need to pursue a certain course of their liking , which could have been thoroughly thought out but for some, going to college can be because of a mere formality and pressure from guardians to pursue a course. A number of factors that determine a college student’s behavior include personal and impersonal ones.


Further, personal factors that determine student’s behavior largely have something to do with student’s character and impersonal factors can be many ranging from peer influence to the previous experiences by the student. Existing student’s cultures in colleges they enroll and peer influence have great impact on these students and even the strongest in character can be swayed to do different things they would not have otherwise done with the absence of these influencers. Four years is an average time, which a student stays in college as per the designed programs and curriculums. Freshmen and sophomores are the vulnerable lot and an association to a particular norm can make or break a student’s life even after college. This is so because once they become attached to some of this groupings and behavior; it is hard for one to dissociate. Fraternity and sorority membership have proved to be the great influence to students to a particular behavior. Alcohol consumption and sex among students have been linked to the fraternity and sorority membership. Subsequent socializations in such groupings shape a student’s behavior further and finer, as highlighted in Hooking Up, when Bogle mentions, “Importantly, Marie, Jen, and Violet were juniors or seniors at the time of their interviews. Thus, they had had many opportunities to learn how the hookup script works in college. It seems likely; as Violet suggests that many young women are less aware of these norms, particularly during freshman year. Thus, less experienced college women may be sexual with someone with the hope that such behavior will lead to a relationship; they may not suspect that their sexual availability decreases their chances of having the man pursue a relationship. One quantitative study confirmed what the upper-class women I spoke with believed; that is, 49 percent of college students who engaged in sexual intercourse during a hookup encounter said they never saw the person again. Indeed, members of the campus culture had to learn over time the rules of the hookup script.” (Bogle39)


 


Moreover, college women believe that having sex during the initial hookup reduce their chances of getting that person to like them back. If a college woman likes the person they are hooking up with, they will be forced to conceal their sexual behaviors to make them look less sexual and by so doing, they win the respect and eventual liking and love from their potential companions. Most college women who become too sexual during the first hook up do not get to meet those persons again because they are taken as just casual encounters and never taken seriously. They are just used as sexual tools and if a man likes their sex performance, a woman might get more than once treatment but usually they do not last any longer.  If situations allow and if a mutual feeling is shared, hooking up advance to a better stage and exclusive boy girl relationship ensues. College girls confide that it is the man’s sole privilege to decide if the relationship will go on or not. Women who are seen to be the ones pulling the strings are taken to be domineering and viewed as possessing  unwomanly behavior which might hurt their chances of being in that relationship. Competition is a very common thing; and players do all within their means to outsmart one another.  It should be noted that most college man to woman relationship do not last for long and even if they survive, they normally live beyond the graduation time. This culture has greatly influenced how the students will behave in college and Lang has written about this in Cheating Lessons. To quote him, he writes, “Many of the college women indicated that it is men who decide whether to continue seeing each other or whether a relationship will evolve. Furthermore, college women often seemed at a loss to explain why the man they were “seeing” decided to end things, as did Jen; a junior at State University. (Bogle 41)  Trying to fit into the confines of generally accepted behavior make, the college students behave in a particular manner. The generally accepted behavior could be just a perception and not what is actually real.


 


Additionally, students, like everyone, always aspire to become perfect individuals in their lives. They forget that being perfect is far from reach to every living thing and that no single creature is perfect; or achieved it. The vibrancy of the media and ease of access to these media tools make college student want to behave like certain personalities in television programs. They forget that those personalities do not exist and that what they are seeing is just a make-up to look like situations, which are unachievable in the real world. They spend considerable amounts of time and resources to try to make their situations perfect. These situations range from their body structures to the way things are done. Students who perceive themselves as not being able to deliver in an exam arena might be forced to cheat just to achieve that grade they thing they are not able to attain. They go up to extents of hiring people to write their projects. A believe in their capabilities is crucial for students if they are to pass their exams and succeed in their general lives. Just as every situation will warrant a self-efficacy is crucial if a student will succeed. “Or academic integrity education programs, which clarify for students the conventions of academic borrowing and lending, can help them learn to hew more closely to the rules of academic integrity. The approach I am advocating here is not meant to supplant or replace those types of strategies, which can be valuable and effective. But focusing on the learning environment will not only provide an important and potentially effective tool to reduce cheating in our classes-it can also create a sense of empowerment in individual faculty members, who might feel uncertain about their ability to cultivate virtues in their students or police more vigilantly for cheating in their courses.” (Lang 38).


Peer influence from others in the group has far-reaching effects on student behavior in college. College girls who go out on a weekend event with their mates might be forced to engage in behaviors against their general believes and abilities. They can be forced to drink just because their colleagues are drinking and that those colleagues approve of those certain behaviors. It is seldom to find a college girl wrap up the weekend activities without engaging in sexual activities with their mates. These sexual encounters situations are greatly brought about by the mere facts that their colleagues are doing it and they might not want to be left out lest they will be viewed as outcasts and with abnormal lifestyles. Peer influence has been a major factor in determining the student’s behavior in school. The sad thing with the peer influence thing is that it is associated with all the negative things, from drinking to having sex. It should be noted that these behaviors come about not as result of the student’s general believe but as a result of the forcing factors in the peer groups. This peer influence factor is an impersonal factor and that it is an external and environmental factor, which can make or break a student, is live. A student’s association with the group, which is academic oriented and Christian based unions, increases the student’s chances to achieve academically due to the daily functions done in such groupings. This has been highlighted in How is that Helping Us? when Cox writes “As Paul put it, I am not learning anything about history. I just go to class. I sit there and I do the assignments…” (Cox 78) You find that students in such groups are not fond of numerous library studies and quest to achieve genuinely and therefore do a lot of research. This phenomenon makes such students to become unsuccessful in college and in most cases if factors remain constant in their lives after graduating. Educators and college administrators should strive to obtain the necessary balance in the college environment to discourage negative associations like weekend beer parties and encourage positive behaviors like Christian unions and such like associations.


Students with constricted financial backgrounds tend to be more cautious and hardworking than their mates from financially stable backgrounds. You find that those from humble backgrounds are conservative and in most cases unwilling to risk. Ability and willingness to risk and engage in new activities is common with rich students. A rich student of the male gender is more likely to get sexual opportunities from college girls than poor students who have limited options to none at all. Being rich enables students afford niceties in the college like weekend drinking sprees and tour opportunities outside the college set-ups. A girl will much more likely to hook up with a rich guy than accept a date proposal from a financially challenged student. Interestingly, poor students tend to succeed in a classroom arena, may be because of a combination of a number of factors like limited opportunities elsewhere and their quest to secure financially stable future and turn around a situation.  Membership to particular groupings is based on one’s financial abilities and subscribing to certain groups like the sorority and fraternity is impacted. Normally, such financial abilities of students are not expressly stated but just implied and members make it impossible for financially constricted students to be in certain groups. Money just like in the outside world is a source of security (Lang 28).


Individual’s preparation prior to joining college does not really shape one’s life in college. This is because students with well and good defined plans to achieve in school will soon become eroded by many factors combined which soon sway students to behave in certain manner. Even a very serious student of strong personality and desired character succumb to the powerful forces brought about in the college arena. Strict college policies normally create boundaries for acceptable behaviors during the school hours and even in outside school hours. A none-drinking and smoking policy in the school compound has enabled students to learn in enabling environments free from interference from the drug addicts. Absence of such strict policies in a college arena with students from varied backgrounds and behaviors can become a recipe for chaos. Students can even disobey their tutors and engage in behaviors even to their faces. Presence of some rules and regulations which spell harsh consequences whenever a deviation is witnessed have restricted students to only accepted behaviors and only little deviations from accepted norms do not normally bring bad impacts to be felt. This is because the designers of such rules anticipated small deviations and must have made a provision to cater for them (Cox 65).


In conclusion, we may say that college is a place where student’s behavior is molded to either bad or good one. College students are in the age where they are vulnerable and can succumb to anything. College setups should discourage negative cultures and encourage the prosperity of such cultures considered positive. Classless environments should be given a chance and scholarships should be given to students who demonstrate good behaviors and denied to students of bad character (Bogle 37). By so doing, it will act as an incentive to particular behaviors, which can really determine a student’s life quality even after college.


 


Works cited


Lang M. James. Cheating Lessons… Harvard University press… Massachusetts and London, England. 2013. Print


Cox D. Rebecca. The college fear factor… Harvard University press…  Massachusetts &London England 2009.Print


Bogle A. Kathleena. Hooking up. New York University press. New York 2013. Print



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We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

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Influence Of Drugs On An Individual anlysis college application essay help online: college application essay help online

 


A drug is any substance containing chemicals that alter mind and body functions (Rees, 7).Drugs can be manufactured or extracted from rocks, animal or plants. Drugs are abused when used for wrong purposes or in the wrong way. The abuse of drugs has led to some countries making them illegal (Seddon, 6). Some commonly abused drugs are cannabis, cocaine, LSD (acid), amphetamines; heroine (Rees, 10).Drugs can be eaten, smoked or injected into the blood stream.


Drugs have been part of American history since 1607, when the first English colony was established. They have been present in America since the Taino Indians met with Columbus to have him a tobacco. Since time in memorial, drugs were used for cultural, medicinal, spiritual, and social development among people. For example alcohol was used as a source of nutrients, as an antiseptic, as a social lubricant, to help in relaxation, for pharmacological pleasure and as a medicine (Escohotado, 138).Hemp in India was used to stimulate mental alertness and sexual aptitude. Cannabis was used by the Chinese, Greek and Romans to make ropes and paper. It was considered a therapy for beriberi, malaria, absent-mindedness, and rheumatic (Escohotado, 124).Indians used it to relieve headaches, cure cough and dysentery, lengthen life, advance judgment, curb fevers, stimulate sleep and control dandruff. Greeks burnt it as incense while a Jewish sect used it as sacrament (Escohotado, 106)


Cannabis was first used by the Chinese around 4000 B.C. in America, cannabis dates back to the 1930 when whites and black shared marihuana cigarettes’ while crafting a new genre of music and enhancing racial integration at a time of fierce racial discrimination. The use of cannabis in America became rampant in the 1960 but when the potency of THC rose, it was made illegal. It even became the focus in the war on drugs initiatives that commenced in the 1970.


Cannabis is used to refer to drugs prepared from the hemp plant though mostly adapted to refer to marijuana. marijuana (cannabis) contains over 400 chemicals but the essential one in explaining the effects of the drug to human body is (Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC).The effect of cannabis is dependent on the strength of THC it contains for example marijuana contains three percent THC. Cannabis is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant, then dried and crushed. Common slang names for cannabis in America include weed, pot, herb, chronic, Mary Jane and boom.


For years now, Cannabis has been associated with positive and negative effects. A positive effect is its ability to dysfunction the nervous system hence used in hospitals to reduce or relieve chronic pain ( Grotenhermen and Russo, 181)it has also been used to cure migraines..  Both short term and long term effects on the body, the effects can be psychological or physiological. In the short-term effects, marijuana takes a toll on the body the moment it is smocked and can last in the body for one to three hours depending on the method of smoking and the type of cannabis used. When smoked orally, the effects take longer to manifest but last longer than when smoked (Maisto, Galizio and Connors, 266). however, the effects of cannabis on human body are reduced or minimal for those who have had prolonged cannabis use as the body becomes resistant to the drug.


Physical short term effects include reddening of the eyes due to congestion and expansion of the conjunctiva blood vessels, dry mouth, increased heart beat due to increased blood pressure, relaxation of muscles, poor coordination, Distorted perception, thinking and problem solving difficulties and imbalance(Maisto, Galizio and Connors, 273) poor coordination and imbalance makes athletes poor in timing and have bad movements. Marijuana by drivers lowers their ability to judge distances. Prolonged time to make decisions makes drivers slow to react to signals and sounds on the road. Drivers who use cannabis within three hours of driving have a double likelihood to cause a vehicle collision as opposed to those not under the  influence the drug(Maisto, Galizio and Connors, 212). Inability to judge results leads to risky behaviors like sexual misconducts and crime. Cannabis impairs critical skills related to attention and lower the short term memory of the user therefore student users find it hard to concentrate in studies as well as to memorize. New users of cannabis with high Tetrahydrocannabinol have acute anxiety and hallucinations (Maisto, Galizio and Connors, 276).


Long term effects include,  heart diseases and failures due to change in blood proteins due to high deposits of carboxyhemoglobin in the body (Maisto, Galizio and Connors, 274). Carboxyhemoglobin is a product of smoking cannabis. Cannabis also causes respiratory complications due to the deposit of tar in the lungs destroying the lung tissue. One Marijuana cigar deposits an equivalent of four times the quantity of tar in the human lungs than a tobacco cigarette. Oral taking reduces the risk or respiratory and cardiovascular damages prominent in smocking as it eliminates the release of toxic combustion products. Users of cannabis also have frequent chest colds, cough and phlegm, Panic attacks and chronic bronchitis symptoms. There are cases when it is used in such high levels that emergency treatment for the user is indispensible. Excessive cannabis intake in pregnant mothers increases prenatal mortality and reduces birth weight.


Prolonged uses of cannabis in large volumes leads to addiction characterized by craving, tolerance to its effects, over use and withdrawal symptoms upon reduced usage.a cannabis addict is one who takes the drug on an almost daily routine and whose body cannot function with normalcy without the drug (Roffman and Stephens, 27).these persons daily activities and income revolves around obtaining cannabis. Diagnoses of addiction is done through evaluation of signs and symptoms off the addiction in the laboratory(Roffman and Stephens, 24)the diagnoses looks to determine whether the use of cannabis has impaired the psychological and physical functioning of a person. The cannabis dependency can be mild or moderate (Roffman and Stephens, 25). The awareness of increases cannabis consumption and addiction among Americans has called for efforts by governments to ban its use and for the health institutions to diagnose patients cannabis dependency. The fight against the cannabis addiction is done through treatment which involves a series of steps and stages until the patient no longer requires cannabis to be normal.


In conclusion, drugs have existed since the beginning of time when they were used for positive reasons. Today, most have been abused due to peer pressure, availability, stress and changing attitudes. Some drugs like cannabis have harmful effects to the body like heart and respiratory disorders, memory loss, red eyes and dried mouth, disabled coordination, planning, alertness, poor judgment and above all addiction. However, concerned governments have taken a step to ban its use. Institutions diagnose and help treat those addicted to drugs.


Works Cited


Escohotado, Antonio. The General History of Drugs. China: Did Lin Zexu Make Morphine, 2010


Grotenhermen, Franjo and Ethan Russo. Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. London: Routledge, 2002.


Maisto, Stephen, mark Galizio and Gerard Joseph Connors. Drug Use and Abuse. New York: Cengage Learning, 2010.


Rees, Jonathan. Drugs. Mankato, MN: Black Rabbit Books, 2005


Roffman, Roger and Robert Stephens. Cannabis Dependence: Its Nature, Consequences and Treatment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.


Seddon, ToBy. A History of drugs: Drugs and freedom in the liberal age. London: Routledge


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

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Employment Laws On Human Resource Management free essay help online: free essay help online

Influence Of Employment Laws On Human Resource Management


In any organization, the human resource department is the section of the organization that is charged with the responsibility of executing employee policies and strategies. This department is in charge of the establishment and application of strategies regarding an organization’s workforce with the functions ranging from hiring of employees to performance management and compliance with labor laws. Imperatively, employment laws refer to the laws regulating conduct in the workplace, as well as, employee civil rights. Conduct refers to employee behavior in the workplace and some of the laws that relate to conduct include employment-at-will and equal pay, among other laws. Civil rights laws, on the other hand, refer to laws that promote the provision of equal opportunities for employees in the work setting. These laws discourage employee discrimination and harassment, thus reducing conflict in the workplace.


Employment laws have an appreciable influence on human resource activities in the workplace as they determine human resource practices. For that reason, all human resource professionals need to ensure that their respective organizations comply with employment laws for the promotion of proper working environments.


This paper examines the influence of employment laws on Human Resource Management in the workplace. The paper explains the greatest ways through which human resource professionals can ensure that their organizations are complying with employment laws.


Organizational Compliance with Employment Laws


To ensure that organizations comply with the employment laws, human resource professionals need to establish various rules and regulations to be adhered to by all workers in the organization. Because employment laws are determined by the state and federal employment legislations, the rules and regulations developed by the head of human resources need to relate with federal legislations. Four main steps have been identified for the assurance of organizational compliance with employment laws including creating awareness, supervising performance, retribution, and amendment.  Creation of awareness involves employee training on employment laws and their significance to the organization. Here, both management and subordinates are informed of the various components of employment laws to ensure that they all understand the demands of these laws. Supervising performance is the second step for organizational compliance, and it involves follow-up by human resource personnel on the observance of the employment laws.


Agreeably, follow-up is the only way that human resource professional can guarantee that employees in all departments are performing their day-to-day duties in accordance with these laws. It is the most significant step of ensuring organizational compliance to the employment laws, and it requires plenty of commitment from the human resource department. Retribution and amendment go hand in hand, and they involve the provision of penalty for those employees who do not adhere to the laws, while at the same time, making relevant changes in relation to this. Retribution is meant to demonstrate the effects of lack of compliance with the laws to employees. Going against the laws provided can lead the organization into facing various legal problems and for that reason; retribution assures that there is no such occurrence in the organization. Conclusively, amendment by human resource professionals is crucial to guarantee that the employment laws are followed to the latter. Human resource personnel make changes with the rules and regulations to accommodate any changes that may occur with the employment laws. By doing so, human resource professionals make certain that their organizations are kept up to date with the most current employment laws.


 



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Influence Of Gender And Family Have On Delinquency best college essay help: best college essay help

Influence Of Gender And Family Have On Delinquency


Contents


Family behavior influence delinquency. 1


Delinquent females and their treatment in juvenile system.. 1


 


 


Family behavior influence delinquency


There are four categories of family behavior that can promote delinquent behavior. This include family that are disrupted due to breakup or conflict, interpersonal conflict in families, parents that are negligent who are not attuned to the behavior of their children and emotional problems as well as families that have parents  who might pass on their behaviors to  their children. Children view their parents as people they emulate and hence they tend to emulate criminal behavior from their parents. Children from family with abuse tend to be delinquent. Sexual abuse in families leads to delinquent behaviors (Wadsworth, 2005).


Delinquent females and their treatment in juvenile system

The differences in gender do not only have an impact on patterns of crime but they also impact significantly on how children are treated .girls are  seen to be victims of the system. Female adolescents are more likely to be arrested due to sexual activity while their male counterparts are not. At the same time girls are seen to be sent to detention before they are tried. It is also seen that their length of detention is almost three times that of boys. Girls are most likely picked in cases of status offenses than boys’ .the chances of girls being detained due to such offenses are also very high. Girls are stilldisadvantaged more than boys particularly when their behavior is perceived as morally incorrect by government officials or when considered beyond control by parents. Girlsare also feeling the brunt of policies that are punitive in the juvenile system. They are also still subjected to punishments that are harsh if they are taken to be dangerously immoral. There is still arelationship between what are considered to be male standards of beauty as well as sexual behavior. Professionals in criminal justice look at attractive girls that are engaged in sexual behavior in amore harsh manner and at the same time overlooking similar behaviors in girls that are less attractive (Wadsworth, 2005).


These differences are still in existence because within the correctional authorities there are still stereotypes on young girls needs. It is clear that girls are treated in an unfair way as compared to their male counterparts. They do not benefit in any way from being females as a matter of fact they suffer for females.


References


Wadsworth, M (2005).Juvenile delinquency:Gender and delinquency.


Wadsworth, M. (2005).Juvenile delinquency;The Family and Delinquency.


 


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

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You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


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The Influence Of Industrial Efficiency in Modern Art essay help websites: essay help websites

American Modernism: The Influence Of Industrial Efficiency As It Is Expressed Through Modern Art


With World War II ending, there were tremendous changes on Western from a general perspective, and many other different changes both in the lives and art of the citizens found in various Allied countries. The cultures of the allies of the United States in the war commenced the process of rebuilding, which was a long one. These allied countries were mainly England and France, which came to form part of Western Europe. The United States on the other hand was bathing in the glory of the military victories within the Pacific and European fronts. This was due to the fact that the United States had its industrial complex intact. There was also a widespread innovation as well as increased production of technology and programmes of manufacturing existent in the wartime. A remarkable trend in the artistic sphere was the influx of artists into the United States, which was as a result of these artists fleeing the Nazi occupation in Europe. This phenomenon led to the development of the Art that was prevalent in the period of American Modernism. This study therefore delves into the concept of American Modernism in light of industrial development. The research looks at the manner in which modern art has been used in expressing this important phase of the concept of American modernism.


With the advent of American modernism emerged renowned creative individuals who exhibited, taught as well as shared and influenced a generation that developed during this time. These notable people included Piet Mondrian, Arshille Gorky, Salvador Dali and Marcel Duchamp[1]. Surrealism as a technique of art became very popular among these practitioners of this important historical time. Surrealism was a very new experience for the artists, as it offered them the freedom towards the exploration of their own psyches. Furthermore, it helped in establishing a connection, which was direct between the deep archetypal self and the art of painting. There was a reawakening characteristic of the modernism period in America whereby individuals went to college to gain knowledge that would help them to make universal sense of the experiences they went through. Art during this time also went through some sort of revolution as it gained academic respectability. Universities began to offer a new graduate professional diploma as well as the distinguished Master of Fine Arts degree[2]. Different theories and criticisms explain the art of the American Modernism era. These theories and criticisms are instrumental in understanding the art of this important phase of American history.


In tackling the period 1915-1935, Corn uncovers the roots of an exceptionalism discourse, a concept that is prominent in the arts and letters of America during the modernism period[3] . What the theory means in essence is the grand narrative of American exceptinalism, which was a guiding concept for research and writing for the period following World War II in the United States. This ideology hinges on the assumption that the exceptional circumstances that informed the American experience gave rise to the alteration in the course of artistic development as well as development in other fields, whose general trends had been hitherto predictable. There were pertinent questions prevalent in the culture of graduate school of the 1960s concerning the concept of exceptionalist discourse. Corn asserts that the most common of these questions was why the American abstract expressionism more spontaneous abroad as compared to the abstract paintings of 1950s in the same front. The Revisionist texts of the late 1970s and early 1980s attempted an explanation of these questions and revealed the ideological assumptions bases that were responsible for this school of thought. The origins of these trends were established to be in the Cold War as well as the politicized sites that attempted cultural legitimization, which included sources such as journals[4], some which drew their funding from the Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A)[5], exhibitions, and organizations such as the Congress for Cultural Freedom affiliated American Committee for Cultural Freedom. In an attempt to examine the cultural history identified with a generation of artists, who perceived the notions of America and Europe as mutually dependent concepts that could not be looked at without the other. These pertinent questions about the art of the modernism period trace their roots to the early twentieth century. The quest to trace these roots is of high relevance to the body of art as there has been an invigorated attempt at rehabilitating nationalist accounts concerning the politics and culture of the people of America dating from World War II. Furthermore, revisionist historians have also undertaken this cause of revisiting American art during this important phase of history.


Existentialism


Theory and Criticism


The renowned artist Fredrich Nietzche described the image of the modern man as ambitious, lone but suffering and coined this image in the phrase “Will to Power.” This was a very descriptive form of the coming phase of psychic evolution among the human circles. The propounded theory within the period of modernism lay bare the individual as being responsible for, and primarily to his or her own will. This was possible after doing away with all pretense, piety, and false authority[6]. This was the basic concept of existentialism that created the way for a new idea about humanity, referred to as Ubermensch[7] or translated as Super-human. This character would be able to act out the new consciousness and in the process bringing in the newly discovered freedom and exultation dealing with the notion of being alive. Ayn Rand, a Russian who had migrated into the United States p5rovided a classical example of the theory of existentialism in her writings. Her renowned book of 1943, The Fountainhead had a great influence in the history and literature in the United States in the modernism period. In the book, the protagonist, who is a visionary and self-driven architect, prefers to destroy his design in order to get a big commission, instead of having it changed and made inferior by an agency from outside. The author gained the reputation of being a prophet of anti-communist individualism in which she depicted benevolent selfishness. The underlying idea in her theory was that there is need for humans to act basing purely on self-interest in order to become fully human. This ideology which uncompromisingly championed the pursuit of the self, influenced many forms of expression which included art, literature and film in this era


Another notable writer that influenced this phase of development of the art is Clement Greenberg who published in some known New York journals alongside other theorists. He was instrumental in coining of the term “abstract expressionism.” The theorist leaned towards action painting in the 1950s and 1960s. There was the development of language, definitions, and apologetics of what the scholars deemed to be viable new art and the direction in which American Art was supposed to take. The theorists of this school of thought supported the idea that painting possessed a greater number of expendable conventions more than other art forms. This in essence would pave way for other forms of art sculpture and painting whose aim was to do away with all the other aspects except the essential ones. The common pursuit for the artists working on different styles was the authentic purity. This saw some of them turning to Native American as well as other aboriginal cultures with a reduction of superfluous elements in their work[8]. Others immersed themselves into the politics of creation of image itself, while others searched for authenticity in the painting process. The common characteristic among the artists of this time was their belief in the existence of a truth that needed to be ascertained. This therefore saw them exhibit the same vigor that the governments in the Cold War had when they aspired to conquer outer space, as well as the inner space of the atom, which had a lot of mysteries surrounding it.


Abstract expressionism


New York school


The artists of this school are not known to have attended a common art school but they shared the common characteristic of fascination with the development of the influences of European Surrealism and Cubism that had classical principles of a new form of process oriented and expressive art. There was a replacement of the architectonic composition with the entire aesthetic of the hand. The highest ideal of this movement was potent improvisation. The Cedars Bar was the institution that most of the artists working in the city shared in common. In this place, there were intense discussions on important topics such as sex, art, and politics, which many times led to fistfights between artists like de Kooning and Pollock[9]. This state of things created a microcosmic American Bohemian, which energized the European interest in the concepts of eccentric imagination and erudition.


One notable artist from this era is the Armenian Arshile Gorky who fled his country because of the genocide and settled in New York. The artist had been a casualty of the ethnic cleansing that had taken place just before the onset of World War II, whereby more than one million Armenians were killed and Turkey and the remains of what was the Ottoman Empire exiled over two million. The artist settled in the United States in 1920 with a heavy influence of the pioneers of European art such as Picasso, Miro and Kandinsky. The artist applied the improvisational techniques that belonged to the modern masters of the early time on the photograph of him and his mother, which a he had carried into exile. There was an expansion of the visual language that belonged to the quasi-figurative and suggestive form. This approach to art was refreshingly original.


Progressivism


The art of the modernism period was in harmony with the ideology of progressivism. According to Wiebe, progressivism was the central force in the changes that were exhibited in the structure which the politics and governments that marked the onset of the twentieth century[10]. The scholar differs from his colleagues, who were in existence both in his time and afterwards in the sense that he perceives progressivism as a progressive ideology. In essence, he saw it as modernizing, reforming, and forward-looking. This departs from the view that the ideology was regressive, reactionary, and retrograde. Progressivism involved the replacement of the age old values of community life such as promptness, frugality, efficiency and foresight that were concentrated in a small town set-up, with the assumptions arising from a bureaucratic order the focused on regularity, rationality, continuity, functionality and management.


The abandonment of the values that concentrated more on relationships between individuals in favor of a bureaucratic orientation was a big leap towards the establishment of a capitalistic society that was characterized by impersonality and urban industrialization. Progressivism as such shaped the political and intellectual tools that were important for Americans to face the twentieth century economy that was highly industrialized and interconnected. Bureaucracy was the underlying pillar of the ideology as it provided the worldview that provided a sophisticated approach to the social problems that had become complex as opposed to community centered moralist approach of the era that had existed before.          The art and literature in the progressivism era responded to the needs of the bureaucratic order, departing from the moralist approach that had been dominant in the previous phase. This was a new social order and it found expression in works of art that belonged to this school of thought. These works highly exalted the industrial advancement while presenting the conservative community life as outdated and not compliant with the technological innovations of the time. These works promoted a sense of anti-communist individualism in which the pursuit of self-preservation was overriding. Marcel Duchamp’s painting of the lone modern man highlights the individualistic characteristic that is an inherent characteristic of capitalism[11]. In his painting 1954 painting of Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef, oil and pastel on canvas in which he brings together a copy of Velazquez’s  painting, Portrait of Pople Innocent X  and other images that he draws from a slaughterhouse, Francis  Bacon makes comparisons between raw meat, the crucifixion, and the tribulations an individual goes through. He brings out the hidden aspect that every individual has within their “self” which in a way makes the viewers come to terms their own experiences in a rapidly changing modern world[12].


Music and Theatre


Both in the United States and the West, the post World War II celebrations were short-lived as there were the fears of the Cold War as well as the nuclear standoff that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union. For the artists of this era, the Suburban lifestyle of the war veterans that was characterized by pleasantness, comfort, predictability, and safety were the repressive and cold features that were purely Capitalistic. A genre of jazz known as Bepop challenged all the pleasures of that conventional era. Musicians such as Dizzy Gillepsie, Charlie Parker, and Thelonious Monk composed forms of music that was both eccentric and innovative in a bid aimed at deconstructing the swing styles that were associated with the Harlem Renaissance.            This break from the conventional formed the inspiration for the artistes of the 960s and 1970s to reinvent Jazz and create a new genre out of it referred to as fusion. Closely associated to this form was Beat poetry. This genre, just like Bepop dwelt on unveiling the unsocialized consciousness, and condemned the pretentious suburban culture that ignored this important point. The form blamed modern society for undermining what was pure and natural through industrialization. Young and educated audiences of white background experienced the earthy forms though a blend of Blues. These developments in conjunction with other influences gave rise to Western Counterculture, a philosophy that emphasized rebellion and self-expression as well as gratification.


Conclusion


It is evident from the above discussion that there was a remarkable revolution in the art of the modernism era owing to the different developments in the industrial sphere. Industrial developments and modernity shaped the manner in which art developed. The era produced experiences and circumstances that eventually led to a rich art culture expressed in various forms of paintings, films, and music.


Bibliography


Corn, Wanda M. 1999. The great American thing: modern art and national identity, 1915-1935. Berkeley: University of California Press.


Dreiser, Theodore. 1997. Sister Carrie. New York: Doubleday.


Weibe, Robert. 1998. The Search for Order, 1877-1920. Oxford. Oxford University Press.


 


[1] Corn C. Wanda, 1999. The Great American Thing, Modern Art and National Identity, 1915-1935


 


[2] Corn C. Wanda, 1999. The Great American Thing, Modern Art and National Identity, 1915-1935


[3]Wiebe Robert . 1998. The Search for Order


[4] Dreiser, Theodore. 1997. Sister Carrie


[5] Wiebe Robert . 1998. The Search for Order. p 181-183


 


[6] Wiebe Robert . 1998. The Search for Order p 123-143


[7] Dreiser, Theodore. 1997. Sister Carrie. P198-212


 


[8] Wiebe Robert . 1998. The Search for Order. p182-184


 


[9] Corn C. Wanda, 1999. The Great American Thing, Modern Art and National Identity, 1915-1935


[10] Dreiser, Theodore. 1997. Sister Carrie. P198-212


 


[11] Dreiser, Theodore. 1997. Sister Carrie. P198-212


 


[12]Corn, Wanda M. 1999. The great American thing: modern art and national identity, 1915-1935.



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Influence of Marxist theories on Antonio Gramsci’s Work writing essay help: writing essay help

Influence of Marxist theories on Antonio Gramsci’s Work


This paper is going to discuss the work of Antonio Gramsci, the influence that the Marxist theory had on the work of Antonio Gramsci. The paper will also discuss the slight difference between Gramsci’s work and the Marxist theory, and also the similarities.


Antonio Gramsci was born on the 22nd of January 1891, in Italy. His father was a clerk at the local office of the registrar. Between the years 1891-1898, his father was sentenced to five years in prison after being charged with maladministration. After his release, he was left without a job and in deep financial crisis. Antonio Gramsci was plagued with illness throughout his life and as a result of the illness he was deformed and left a hunchback (Sassoon, 1980. 150). In 1911, Gramsci was awarded an education scholarship to further his studies at the Turin University. In 1913, Gramsci came into contact with socialism movement in Turin following the suffrage elections. Prior to joining the university, Gramsci was already a socialist; this was by reading pamphlets sent home by one of his older brothers. The only thing that he lacked was the capability of organising activities politically (Boggs, 1984, pg. 200).


 


From May to November in the year 1923, Gramsci lived in Moscow, where he met his wife and later returned to Italy as the head of a communist’s party. In 1921 when Gramsci was 35 years old, he was arrested for opposing Mussolini, and detained at a political prisoner’s camp. In the year 1927, Gramsci was removed from the camp in the city of Milan and was later he was transferred to Rome where he was sentenced to twenty years in prison (Boggs: 1984 pg 210). While in prison, Gramsci wrote to his family telling them that he is being pushed by his inner feelings to finish something forever; he later drew out a plan of how to study. After being given the permission to write in 1929, Gramsci wrote his first article on the 8th of February according to his Prison Notebooks. Gramsci’s last eleven years of life was spent in jail; in all this time he managed to write and complete about 32 notebooks, which contained about 3,000 pages. His work was published in Italy but was only published in English in the 1970’s. Gramsci’s work relied on the Marxist theories, but he also expanded on some theories (Gramsci: 1999: pg 11).


 


Most of Gramsci’s job was as a result of the influence of Marxist theories. In prison, Gramsci was not given access any book associated with communism. He had a very good memory because every quotation regarding Marx was easily memorized for future recitation. In the year 1930, Gramsci started indulging in discussions on communism with fellow prisoners. After several years in prison on the 27th of April 1937, Gramsci died after managing to smuggle about 33 books through his sister-in-law. At the time of his demise, he was 46 years old. His work was published in Moscow (Boggs, 1984, pg180). Most of the writings by Gramsci that regarded his feelings and his ideas that were politically related were written to his sister in-law known as Tatiana. Gramsci and his siblings had a very difficult childhood as a result of his father being arrested. He was arrested and punished for airing his thoughts that made him spend most of his life in prison (Gramsci, 1999, pg 10).


 


Some Thoughts that Antonio borrowed from Marx Theory/ similarities


In order to understand the theory that Gramsci is stating, one has to understand some of the basic argument and assumptions that were put across by Marx. Some of the basic arguments put across by Marx include:


 


 


Economic Resolve


According to Marx every sector in life is affected by the amount of money one has. The amount of money that one has affects the relationship between people. People plan their goals according to the amount of money they have. One cannot plan to buy an expensive thing such as a private jet when their economic power cannot afford to buy even a car (Clark, 1977. 180). People in the world don’t choose where to be born, but after being born the only thing they can do is to guide their actions (Pozzolini 1970, 190). But according to Gramsci wealth do not limit a person’s goal, but it is the personal resolve, courage and motivation that determines the goals that a person wants to achieve.


 


Class Struggle


In the society, there are some systems that are put in place by the ruling class. The systems and ideas are mostly put in place to have power over the functioning class. After being subjected to rules and systems that work in favor of the leading class, the working class may try to change the status quo through revolution. Also, the working class may try to change the situation by forming their own political organization (Pozzolini 1970, 160). In Gramsci’s own words from the prison notebook a calamity occurs, every now and subsequently enduring for decades. This outstanding period means that inoperable contradictions have exposed themselves and that, in spite of this, some opinionated forces that are fighting to safeguard and protect the existing formation, are making desperate efforts so as to solve the problems, within their power. Such efforts are the ones that encourage the people to organize themselves to oppose the leading class (Gramsci, 1978, pg.178).


 


Base and Superstructure


What one can do, at one particular time, is to secure two most important tremendous structural classes: the first can be referred to as the civil society, which is, the collection of people who are considered as private, including that of opinionated society or the government (Joll, 1977. 150).  The two classes are similar to each other as they both benefit the work associated with hegemony. The governing group leads the other inferior groups through policies while the government rules by straight authority (Gramsci, 1978, pg.12).


 


According to Marx, the society is divided into two groups or levels: the first one is base, and the second is superstructure (Fiori, 1990. 160). The first one is where everything originates; these include money, various objects, material production, and production forces. The second one is dependent on the first; this is where the political and ideologies are found (Gramsci: 1999, pg. 350). The relationship between the social class, culture, and hope are found therein. Superstructure can be divided into three sections, above-board and opinionated lexis which depicts accessible relation of creation. The second is forms of awareness that articulate a meticulous class vision of the humanity, while the third one is the procedure by which men turn out to be aware of an essential economic difference and scrap it out.


 


 


 


Concept of Hegemony


The meaning of hegemony according to Gramsci occurs when the famous or the governing groups in the social order, including essentially but not entirely the class that is in power, uphold their authority. This is achieved through gaining the unprompted approval of inferior groups, as well as the functioning class, by the negotiated creation of an opinionated and ideological agreement that accommodates both groups that is both the dominant as well as the dominated groups (Boggs, 1984, pg 210). Gramsci was determined to do away with economic determinism in Marxism in order to expand the power of explanatory in regards to great structural institutions.


 


With that in mind, Gramsci wrote that the fight among the classes should engage new ideas, as well as ideologies. He expanded further by stating the ideas should be able to create revolution as well as prevent revolution. He supports this notion in his work by stating a societal faction certainly must have previously put into effect guidance before captivating governmental power. This implies one of the significant conditions for gaining such power; it consequently becomes governing when it practices power, but after gaining power in its hands it must endure to lead well (Gramsci, 2007, pg. 57). In the late nineteen twenties and thirties, the working class in the western side of Europe formed revolutionary movements to counter fascism. That was after Gramsci asked for a reason as to why the functioning group was giving in to fascism (Boggs, 1984, pg 280).


 


Gramsci stated the importance of human agency on the historical change: the economic crisis alone was not enough to sabotage capitalism. In his work, Gramsci dealt more on the dialectic side than the deterministic. He builds theories which appreciated the autonomy and the significance of not only culture but even ideologies (Femia, 1981 pg 190). It can be debated that Gramsci’s theory implies that inferior groups agree to the ideas and guidance of the leading group not for the reason that they are physically or psychologically induced; in doing that, it is not that they are even ideologically indoctrinated but have idiosyncratic justifications for their actions (Femia, 1981 pg 180). According to Gramsci, supremacy in terms of bourgeoisie is divided into two very significant facts which are economic domination, intellectual as well as moral leadership. Under economic domination, the ideas are put forward by the dominant class.


 


The ideas are not favorable to the other classes or for their own benefit, but are meant to gain the support of the lower groups to support their style of leadership. In order to achieve hegemony, the working class should include the other social minorities. After forming coalitions, each group in the coalition should respect the independence of each other. By respecting the independence of one another, each group will make its own contribution (Davidson, 1977. 180). The contribution can be economical or any other form, but the goal of the group should be one. Change in the contemporary society is not dependent on one particular class, but it is the coalition of all classes that want change, share the same ideologies, and goals that will bring change. Gramsci in his work stated that every social class regardless of economical ability, status, and level of education, gender, and even religious affiliation had the responsibility of making a difference in the world (Anderson, 1976, pg 230)


.


 


The difference between Gramsci’s work and Marx theory


Gramsci appreciation of the informal education is divided into three sections. The first section looks at the role played by the informal educators, which helps people to understand their contribution. The second one looks at the contribution of the intellectuals in helping people to understand the role of the informal educators. The third looks at the importance of both the modern type of schooling, but without disregarding the importance of some traditional method of education (Anderson, 1976, pg 180) In Marx theory the learned people were regarded as the supporters of the leading class, but Gramsci saw the learned people as the people who could make a change in the society.


.


Ideological Hegemony


Since the first time, Gramsci came into contact with Marxism theories; he appreciated the analysis of the theories and accepted them. He believed in the theory that the reason for the society moving forward was as a result of the fight for power by the ruling class on one side, and subordinate class on the other side (Anderson, 1976, pg 230) The only thing that Gramsci did not find acceptable was the way the ruling class was ruling. It is in that context that Gramsci made critical contributions by expounding on the role that ideologies play. Most of the time, the term principles is interpreted by many people to mean a set of ideas. However, from definitions given by people such as Anthony Giddens the term is adequately understood. In his definition, Giddens refers to ideology as common thoughts or attitude which is used to validate the welfare of leading groups (Anderson, 1976, pg 250).


 


The Marxist theory dwelled on the role played by the governing class, as well as the domination of the ruling class in determining the important issues in the society. The Marxist theory received support in form of Lenin, whose success in the Russian revolution of 1917 had great influence. However, Gramsci felt that many people did not understand the various forms of ideology. He was able to identify two forms of totally different political control. The first was domination which was tied down to the dependence of state power such as the armed forces. The second one was hegemony.  In his conclusion, Gramsci stated that no government, no matter how strict and dictatorial, would depend only on the armed forces to stay in power (Boggs, 1984, p. 49). Hegemony according to Gramsci was the infiltration right through the society of things that have positive effect on the status quo on power relations (Boggs, 1984, pg. 39). The positive things can be things such as good values in the society, positive attitudes, the beliefs in the society, and morality. The artistic hegemony structure that gives rise to a structure that is not clogged structure, but contains discrepancies. Its very formation leaks, because it remains competitive (Boggs, 1984, pg. 59).


 


Under Marxists theory, the society was divided into two. The first was the base which was composed of the economic structure and the second superstructure. The superstructure was composed of the institutions and the beliefs in the society. Gramsci expounded on the Marxist theory by dividing the superstructure further into two groups: those that were coercive and the second group composed of those that were not coercive. The coercive group was made up of communal organisations which include the police, the army, and even the legal systems. Gramsci considered coercive as things that were under the control of the state. The non-coercive was comprised of the churches, the family, schools, cultural associations, and trade unions that Gramsci considered as the civil society (Gramsci: 1971, 350). Gramsci’s work covers even the past happenings in which he analyses the reason for the failure of the revolution by the working class in Europe at the end of First World War. Gramsci provides a critical analysis of the reasons why the revolution was not successful, and why the revolution intended to overthrow the government instead turned into working with the government (Femia, 1981 pg 180).


 


Intellectuals


All over the universe, many people considers intellectuals as those people who have a number of academic degrees. Some consider intellectuals as those people who have made significant contribution on academic circles. According to Gramsci, everybody is an intellect on his or her own right. Gramsci divided the intellectuals into two groups: the first group is the organic intellectuals. The second group is the traditional intellectuals (Gramsci, 1999, 230).


.


Organic Intellectuals


This group of intellectuals was created by the various educational systems. The group was created to work for the groups that are dominant, socially. According to Marx, it is via this faction that the leading class maintains control over the subordinate class. On the issue of intellectuals, Gramsci describes the role that the intellectual can play. In this context, Gramsci made it clear that in order for the conversion from capitalism, mass participation is required. In his work, Gramsci does not refer to those with academic credentials as the only people fit enough to be called intellectuals. From his note book he emphasised that all the people in the world are born with a level of intellect, but he further stated that not all human being act as intellectuals.


 


The words were meant to encourage all the people from different sectors to have faith in themselves. He was telling the people that everyone was an intellect in his or her own field of work. The only difference was how various people used their intellect. He emphasized the issue by stating each and every person might cook some eggs for breakfast or mend a torn part in his cloth. In doing so, one cannot be referred to as a cook or be perceived as a professional tailor. Gramsci encouraged many different professionals in different professions to come together; he had high respect and regarded every social as important (Buci-Glucksmann, 1975, pg 180). He showed the reasons why the different social groups needed each other. From Gramsci’s perception the social groups included groups such as scientists, the clergy, lawyers, teachers, managers, professors, and various other professionals (Hoffman, 1984 pg 200).


 


Gramsci remained steadfast in his stand that intellectuals belonged to a separate social category. Vital reticence means, traditionally and politically, creation of best of the intellectuals in the society. A human gathering do not discriminate itself, or become independent in their own right without in various ways, organizing it: as in the society there in no association that can prosper not including intellectuals, but the procedure of creating intellectuals most of the time is tedious and complex. Packed with contradictions, prosperity and retreats, distribution and regrouping, this is where the allegiance of the people is deeply tried (Gramsci, 1971, pg. 334). Gramsci in his work did not disregard any group of the intellectuals, but called on the intellectuals from both sided to work together (Martin, 1998 pg 210). He especially called on the traditional intellectuals to join the revolution.


 


To emphasize on his call, he said all the activities that a human being is involved in; some sort of intellect has to be involved. What he meant was that everybody was able to think about other things apart from the ones associated with their profession. Gramsci continued and to state no matter what profession one is, or even the level of education can deter an individual from thinking. Gramsci was trying to show that as a human being everybody is equally important in the building of the society.  By doing that Gramsci was disputing the fact that all human beings who belonged to the subordinate class were to be controlled by the ruling class.


 


Conclusion


Antonio Gramsci work is an improvement of Marxist theories, but unlike the Marxist theories which concentrated on one side, he expounds and clarifies on some theories which were not clear. Gramsci puts the responsibility of changing the society on all social classes, unlike the Marx theory which placed the responsibility on working class.


Bibliography


 


Gramsci, A. (1971) Selections from the Prison Notebooks. London, Lawrence & Wishart, edited and translated by Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith.


Joll, J. (1977) Gramsci. Glasgow: Fontana Paperbacks.


Jones, S. (2006) Antonio Gramsci (Routledge Critical Thinkers). London, Routledge.


Pozzolini, A. (1970) Antonio Gramsci. An Introduction to his thought. London: Pluto Press.


Gramsci, A.(1971) Selections from the Prison Notebooks. London: Lawrence & Wishart                           Limited, edited and translated by Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith.


Gramsci, A.(1999) The Antonio Gramsci Reader. Selected Writings 1916-1935. London: Lawrence & Wishart Limited, edited by David Forgacs.


Gramsci, A. (1977) Selections for the Political Writings 1910-1920. London: Lawrence &             Wishart, selected and edited by Quintin Hoare, translated by John Mathews.


Gramsci, A. (1978) Selections for the Political Writings 1921-1926. London: Lawrence &             Wishart, translated and edited by Quintin Hoare. Cammett, J.M. (1967) Antonio Gramsci        and the Origins of Italian Communism. Stanford: Stanford University Press. (Parts I & II)


Clark, M. (1977) Antonio Gramsci and the Revolution that Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press.


Davidson, A. (1977), Antonio Gramsci: Towards an Intellectual Biography. London: Merlin         Press.


Fiori, G. (1990) Antonio Gramsci: The Life of a Revolutionary. London: Verso.


Joll, J.(1977) Gramsci, Glasgow: Fontana Paperbacks.(Chapters 1 & 2)


Pozzolini, A, (1970) Antonio Gramsci. An Introduction to his thought. London: Pluto Press.        (Chapter 1)


Sassoon, A. S. (1980) Gramsci’s Politics, London: Croom Helm Limited. (Part I)


(Clark, 1977. 180)


Adamson, W.L. (1980) Hegemony and Revolution. A Study of Antonio Gramsci’s Political and Cultural Theory, California: California University Press. (Chapter 6)


Anderson, P. (1976) ‘The antinomies of Antonio Gramsci’ in New Left Review, no.100


Boggs, C.(1984) The Two Revolutions: Antonio Gramsci and the Dilemmas of Marxism. Boston: South End Press. (Chapter 2)


Buci-Glucksmann, C. (1975) Gramsci and the State, London: Lawrence and Wishart Ltd.,            translated by D. Fernbach. (Chapters 2, 3& 7)


Femia, J.(1981) Gramsci’s Political Thought. Hegemony, Consciousness, and the Revolutionary   Process, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters 2 & 4)


Hoffman, J. (1984) The Gramscian Challenge: Coercion and consent in Marxist political theory.   Oxford: Basil Blackwell.


Martin, J. (1998) Gramsci’s Political Analysis: an Introduction. Basingstoke: Macmillan.


(Anderson, 1976, pg 250).



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We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Influence of media on aggression discussion personal essay help: personal essay help

Aggression has been described as behavior which is hostile and directed towards another party. It can also be termed as the readiness to violently confront another party for a variety of reasons. Bandura (1979) observed a close relationship between the observation of violence on television and aggression during research in the Social Learning Theory.


Aggression can be caused by many things as the second definition spells out. One, as observed by Bandura (1979) was by the proliferation of violence on mass media, or media in general. Media has proven to be one of the most efficient tools in disseminating information worldwide for many decades now. In so doing, attitudes are formed and changed, behavior too is acquired and influenced, all these in either a positive or negative manner. For example, Sanderson (2009) stated that “ the average one hour program in the United States contains eight acts of verbal aggression and nine acts of physical aggression” (p. 395); what implication would all these aggression have on the kid? More importantly, why do media affect aggression in the first place? These are some of the issues this research paper shall attempt to delve into. In addition, a clear perspective on how best to disassociate the media and aggressive behavior especially in children shall be investigated. This is because children are especially susceptible to long lasting psychological impacts if this is not done.


Priming is a major step in the development of aggression, whereby Bushman (1998) showed how constant use or access of triggers to aggression or ‘primers’ leads to the development of this human behavior. The fact that man needs constant access to media, does not help this case if at all media is shown to influence aggression.


 


Television as a primer for aggression and aggressive behavior.


Since the mid 1920’s when Philo Farnsworth invented the television, it has been accredited as one of the most important media discoveries since the invention of writing. This can be attributed to its combination of two of mans most primal methods of information collection; sound and images. The same invention brought entertainment so addictive, the couch became man’s best friend as movies, news and other shows were transmitted. This became even better for viewers after color was thrown onto the transmitted images via the inception of color television in 1942-4 by Mexican Guillermo Gonzalez Camarena. Later on, technologies such as video cassettes, DVD and Blue ray would make it even more entertaining.


As appealing as television became, so did society’s hunger for action. Action was defined by the inclusion of aggressive behavior and violence in transmissions. This obviously had a direct bearing on the development of children, still undergoing mental and psychological development, as well as adults whose aggressiveness changed. Sanderson (2009) offered a clear insight into when she said “people who are exposed to media violence learn aggressive ways to act as well as the rewards for this behavior” (p.395). It is clear then that television programming which includes violence and aggression has a direct bearing on human behavior with regards to aggression. This was also echoed by another study of over 2000 peer students, where it was demonstrated how watching wrestling shows on television left them more likely to engage in violence and fighting with fellow peers (Durant, Champion &Wolfson, 2006). Clearly, this media device known as the television has a direct relationship with aggression. It has been shown to encourage aggression through the portrayal and encouragement of acts of aggression.


 


Music.


Music has been hailed as possibly the earliest form of entertainment, and an avenue through which messages and information can be disseminated. Biblical illustrations of angels engaged in dance and song for various reasons perhaps shed even more light into the timeline through which man has engaged in this type of media. This also means, if music has any psychological impacts, like aggression, this has been around for a long time. Fischer &Greitemeyer, 2006) demonstrated how media in form of music can cause aggressive behavior in who had listened to ant-women lyrics from  Eminem’s ‘Superman’ song gave more hot sauce to more lady members than male members of the neutral party. This shows how the content or message contained in music influences its listener’s aggression and subsequent behavior thereafter.


Heavy music offers another perspective with regard to the affects of this media on aggression. Since its creation in the late eighties, harshness and loud sounds have for a long time been blamed for the many psychological and behavioral problems in teenagers and youngsters, the largest portion of its fan base. Highest on the ‘list of worry’ for parents the world over, is heavy metal. This sub-genre of rock music is characterized by loud distortions of electronic guitar riffs and harsh drumming.  Most of its listeners claim that its prime benefit is that of taking away problems, but research shows another side to this claim. Greenberg & Fischer, 1971) found that students subjected to loud harsh exciting music, such as heavy metal, exhibited high tendencies towards power and hostility as themes on the Thematic Apperception Test. In addition, Ballard & Coates (1995)demonstrated a relationship between heavy metal and anger, depression as well as suicidal and homicidal tendencies, all related to aggression.


The internet and computers: their relationship with aggression.


Computing is the very epitome of human ingenuity, if the myriad of applications computing can be traced to, is anything to go by. Entertainment and sharing of information are just the tip of the iceberg in trying to understand this. With the introduction of computers, came their use in entertainment through computer games and virtual reality simulation. This coupled with the worldwide sharing of information, commonly referred to as the internet, puts these  two right on the spot in terms of aggression violence.


Computer games are very instrumental in studying the relationship between media and aggression. This is because of the numerous cases where aggression and violence on such simulations is translated into real life violence, often with catastrophic loss of life. This is partly explained by the fact that video games as opposed to television shows are actively involving. You are compelled to indulge yourself in acts of aggression and violence. Many often claim to lose that ‘evil spark’ or the drive to commit aggressive activities and violence after the game is over, but this has been shown to amount to distorted reasoning by Kahnemann&Tversky (1973). Anders Breivik, the Norway shooter claimed to have trained for his heinous crime using ‘Call of Duty’. This clearly demonstrates how aggression is amplified in an individual using media meant to entertain leading to criminal activity and death.


The internet is the world’s largest communication and information sharing tool, with close to 2.4 billion people connected as of June 2012. This means the internet could potentially be used in a variety of ways to instigate violence and cultivate hatred or aggression. Terrorism has been a worry for many countries where information sharing is overly liberalized. United States is one such example, with a very good internet infrastructure but poor risk mitigation measures due in part to the general liberalism present in the country. Islamist terrorists use this short fall to cultivate hatred and negativity among citizens and traitors, leading to serious National Security issues for the country.  Homosexuality, Zionism and western supremacy are some of the turning points these terrorists use against Unites States, as well as some of her allies.  This again shows how media influences aggression and violence.


Internet growth in terms of reach and speeds has resulted in some interesting communication methods and avenues. Most recent is social media made famous by platforms such as Face book, Twitter and MySpace. These enable the sharing of information across racial, religious and national boundaries bringing together billions across the globe onto one communication and information sharing medium. However, certain circumstances surrounding these great mediums tend to lead to their misuse. Tension of a political, ethnic or religious nature can be aggravated via social media leading to aggression and possibly violence within a country. For example, Egypt’s militia used Face book as a platform to push for President Mubarak’s removal from power. This has led to some countries resulting to rash means to reduce social uses of the internet with a view to avoiding this. This in turn has led to increased aggression from those of the opinion that information access is human right. All these show how the internet has influenced aggression and its various attributes within society.


 


 


 


 


Literature.


A good read will always fascinate even the most reserved or critical in the enjoyment of literature. More so, if it allures to what we as human beings tend to associate with ‘action’ and thrill. More often than not, these two lead to results that involve aggression and violence of either a physical or verbal nature, or both! Coyne (2010) found that “reading aggression in literature can influence subsequent behavior with tends to be specific to the type of aggression contained in the story”. Many before her had all their fingers pointed to the well known and documented culprit responsible for not only aggression, but also more serious criminal activities such as homicides. But nobody would have pointed to one of man’s oldest mediums of information sharing and entertainment. Coyne’s research showed how subjects reacted aggressively by subjecting irritating strangers to discomfort after reading narratives containing aggressiveness.


The combination of pictures or images in the narratives has interesting results too with regard to how literature as part of media influences aggression. Comic strips and whole works or books have been a favorite among the younger in society, with depictions of villains being punished through physical pain after they themselves subject society to punishment and unfairness. How would this factor in on the issue at hand?


This is perhaps the reason why in the mid 50’s, the concern that depictions of violence in comic books might cultivate aggression in children as stated by Wertham (1954), led to the formulation of Comics Coda Authority. This body was tasked with censoring all comic books so that children were not subjected to material that would increase or cultivate aggressive behavior. As much as little research is available on the impacts of violent themes in comic books on thoughts and aggression, as stated by Potenza, Verhoeff& Weiss (1996), recent research has uncovered a relationship between hostility as depicted in comic books has a negative outcome on individuals social information processing abilities. This in turn, might have a negative effect on the suppression of aggressiveness. So it is safe to say that literature with hostility and violence among its themes influences aggression negatively.


Conclusion


It has been conclusively shown that media does indeed influence aggression in its various forms. We as human beings again, cannot survive for long without media since information is crucial. As much as media influences aggression negatively as shown above, it doesn’t mean there aren’t any positive ways through which it does so. The need for counseling and other forms of therapy for anger, its management and control are well documented in periodicals and literature to that effect. The same governments whose internet systems and their liberalism put them at risk are have some of the best environmental disaster response records times thanks to social media. The same internet connectivity has presented a new front from which enemies target each other showing might and aggression through cyber warfare, best exemplified using United States against China, or North Korea against China. All these show a positive twist to aggressiveness as seen from the media perspective. But it is up to man to derive the best uses of all his creations and suppress as best as possible their negative applications and users.


 


 


References.


Ballard, M., & Coates, S. (1995). The immediate effects of homicidal, suicidal, and nonviolent heavy metal and rap songs on the moods of college students. Youth and Society, 27, 148-168.


Greenberg, R. P., Fisher, S. (1971). Some different effects of music on projective and structured psychological tests. Psychological Reports, 28, 817-818.


Kahneman, D., &Tversky, A. (1973). On the psychology of prediction. Psychological Review, 80, 237–251.


Potenza, M., Verhoeff, P., & Weiss, E., (1996) Comic book and development. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35 (12), 1573-1574.



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While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


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In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


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Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


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We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


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We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


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Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Influence Of Psychedelics On American Music And Culture argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online

 


The evolutions of American popular music and culture during the 1960’s and 1970’s have led to influential factors in the inspiration of musical artists. The creativity of music and its variety in modernity indicates that most artists claim for music ranges from religious beliefs to the love interests. However, the driving force of creativity for the music in United States has become as a result of the usage of drugs subculture. The research carried out shows that, without the use of recreational drugs by the artists in America, the popular music could have resulted to a different evolutionary path resulting to a different musical world. Music has been taken from the drug culture by the Americans to be incorporated by the mainstream culture. When looking at popular music in the past, there is a clear indication that shows a bond existing between the use of drugs and popularity rise in musical movements introducing “hippie” culture and the use of drugs like LSD and marijuana. This research paper will analyze the influence of psychedelics on American music and culture during the 1960’s and 1970’s and how the use of mind altering drugs such as LSD and marijuana has helped in shaping the American music during the 1960’s and 1970’s as well as the culture (hippies).


 


In the late 1960’s and 1970’s, the people of USA were faced with a lot of social changes in their culture since the country was filled with drugs, sex, as well as rock and roll. The major trend was the widespread of illicit drugs which were used by a half a number of Americans. The most common illicit drugs used were Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) and marijuana. The musicians managed to possess an incredible social influence putting the society to emphasize on the lives and the attitudes of the musicians. During the period, different rock groups emerged and the Beatles was one group known to be most influential, however other rock groups such as the British was mainly the catalytic band who were in the rock and roll history in music despite them coming from the shadow of the Beatles. Other different bands also emerged during this era such Jefferson Airplane, although it was deemed to be the first San Francisco psychedelic rock groups even after it was considered to be a psychedelic rock group which was not the case until Beatles felt in the category as well. It was of creativity and experimentation of the drugs that made the entire above group to earn those titles making them to write songs that were alluding to drug use at one time.


The use of marijuana and LSD shaped American music by contributing to a spiritually society-wide awareness that is viable as well as meaningful alternative to the institutional religions.  Even with the known dangers in addition to the bad trips which are associated with LSD, the use of this drug has provided the Americans with vocabularies in describing their personal religious experiences completely disconnected from the conventional language which are used to identify sacred and not to quite, but it is not completely separated from the deep-rooted histories of spirituality. The use of LSD has on the other hand unlocked the door of perception to the USA culture that is imprisoned by conformity hemmed in by the doctrine as well as ideas of the social propriety. In other words, the experiences with LSD as well as the publicity surrounding the Americans gave shape with content to the modern understandings of the spirituality.



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Any deadline
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Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
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Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Influences On Childhood Development discussion college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Influences On Childhood Development


Child development process is a compulsory process to all children. The process involves mastering and learning skills like suckling, sitting, eating, talking, walking and skipping. There are many factors influencing children development process, as well as their future behavior and performance. There exists a link between early childhood care and the development process. One of the important aspects during this process is the parental figures around the child. Parents play the biggest role in a child’s development stages. A child is a product of genes and environment. Therefore, parents influence the child’s physical, social, emotional and cognitive perspective throughout this period.


Development process has predictable milestones, which most children achieve gaining certain percentage of skills. Cognitive development is the stage when a child learns to solve simple personal problems. For instance, a three months baby crying whenever the parent leaves her or a four year old boy learning to add and subtract numbers. Emotional and social developments are the ability of a child to relate and interact with people. This stage includes social smile, waving bye and playing with other kids. Language and speech development involves both the ability to communicate using language and understanding what is said. Fine and gross motor skills development refers to the ability of using small and large muscles respectively. Children learn to do tasks with their muscles in each milestone. This includes lifting objects, writing, making toys, pulling objects and playing (Zhou et al., 2002).


Social behavior is passed on from parents to children through observation. Children emulate their parents as they believe they always do what is right. They duplicate their parents’ movements whether they are socially safe or risky. Many children learn smoking and drinking from their parents. Homosexual parents have different lovers from both genders. Children observe this and feel comfortable having male and female sexual partners, as well. They end up being homosexuals just like their parents are. Children take parents to be their role models, therefore, do everything they do irrespective of its consequences.


Parents’ anxiety and mood affect the child’s social life. This is associated with inhibition and social withdrawal. Whenever parents remain upset or depressed, children fear staying around them. They develop a negative attitude towards all people and start withdrawing from everyone. Children from immigrant families are affected by their parents’ moods and anxiety (Halloran & Ross, 2002). In case the parents are uncomfortable in the foreign country, children will live to be uncomfortable too. Without associating and communicating with their parents, children cannot learn how to interact with people around them.


Showing too much concern to the kids is harmful. This is referred as overprotection, and can cause more harm to children development. When parents portray the world as dangerous, children fear moving away from home. They are not ready to face the cruel world, therefore, prefer staying with their parents only. Families from minor ethnic groups teach their children how other ethnic groups belittle them. This makes them fearful. They cannot raise an issue in a group of people as they fear more humiliation. They remain sheltered by their parents, which makes them antisocial and lonely. They withdraw from their peers and the entire society and may suffer much in case they lose parents (Cytryn & McKnew, 1996).


Emotionally open families produce sociable children who can fit in any society. Children from these families have understanding, empathy and compassion. These characteristics make them interact freely with other people. They feel free to express their positive and negative emotions to their parents and other adults who can help them out. They have high self esteem and appreciate their parents for showing them how to express their feelings. Growth oriented families bring up socially strong children. Working parents teach their children social behaviors including independence and expressiveness. This makes children resilient to pressure and socialize with their peers freely (Halloran & Ross, 2002).


Children take their parents’ problem as their own, even when it does not involve them at all. Whenever parents divorce, children believe they are the main cause of this fate. This becomes a burden for them to carry. It affects their physical, social, cognitive and emotional development. They develop low self esteem and withdraw from their peers.


Parents must offer parental warmth to their children. They should portray genuine care and concern for what the children are doing. Parents who show compassion for their children help them develop high self-esteem and personal image. Parental connectedness which includes care, love and parental warmth, protect children against development disorders (Zhou et al., 2002). Children feel important after recognizing how their parents love them and value their presence in the world. Children develop a positive attitude towards life when they know how much their parents care for them.


Parents should invest energy, love and time to ensure positive child development. They should spend time with their children playing, talking and reading together. This makes children feel important and express their opinions to their parents. They also learn to be social and important interacting with people.


In conclusion, children grow up trusting their parents and listening to them. Parental behavior and status influence children’s emotional, social, physical and cognitive development. It is hard to convince children otherwise once they have made up their minds. They develop strong feelings concerning themselves through their parents’ comments and comportment.


 


References


Cytryn L. & McKnew D., (1996), Growing Up Sad. Norton & Company, New York,


Halloran E.  & Ross G., (2002), Child Psychiatry and Human Development. Spring, New York


Zhou et al., (2002), A Longitudinal Study. Child’s Development. 73 (3), 893-915.



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


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We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

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Influencing The Next Generation essay samples essay help websites: essay help websites

Influencing The Next Generation


Introduction


Adam Gopnik’s essay “Bumping into Mr. Charles Ravioli” introduces us into the world of children under the age of seven. The most predominant trait in these children is their ability to create imaginary figures to mirror their social development. Olivia is a three-year-old girl, and she already has her own friend, called Mr. Ravioli; who is about seven years old. At this tender age, Olivia is already having a strained relationship with her human avatar friend. This shows why Sherry Turkle in her book “Alone Together” should not be shocked when Anne, a college student asks whether she can get a robot friend as a substitute for her boyfriend (Turkle 18). This is because from a tender age, children are learning that technology is more reliable than what is real and living. Olivia’s imaginary is a good stands to show just how children have become conscious of this fact. Olivia seems to have the time to meet her imaginary friend Charlie Ravioli, but up to today, she has only managed to bump into her friend. Even to a three-year-old life is already too busy to have time to go the park with a friend. She is in need of a substitute. This shows why Sherry Turkle’s has been forced to concede that we are all together but each of seems to be alone. Real people are too busy to offer solutions for the loneliness that has been created by busyness (Turkle 10). This is something that Sherry Turkle observed when she took her daughter to the Darwin exhibition. At age fourteen, Turkle’s daughter preferred inanimate tortoises than the real ones, which were at the exhibition.


 


Too busy to be together


The young generation is therefore finding out that human friends are less reliable than the robotic simulations of friendship. They have therefore become less conscious about the sentimental aspects of life, and all they are concerned about is reliability. Olivia may not have experienced Mr. Ravioli in real life, but she is well aware that there are many Mr. Ravioli’s out there. By looking at her parent’s life, she is already preparing herself to the life of bumping into friends and grabbing lunch. This is because Olivia’s parents have found themselves in a situation where they have over time put off friends and even neighbors because of their busyness. This is more of having an artificial connection with people. In this, someone does not have to confide in the friends they have or be vulnerable because everyone is supposed to be busy. Olivia is very much alone though she actually has a friend who she talks about almost every time (Gupnik 3). This kind of friendship fits into Turkel’s description of the kind of authenticity, when she compares the current view on authenticity to the Victorian’s view of sex. In this, a friend is depicted as someone you have accidental meetings, and one who cannot make time to develop deeper relationships. It therefore follows that as the child grows, he/she finds it hard to draw lines between what is real and what is fictional. Olivia’s experience is that friends are people you bump into, not people you sit to have intimate chats. On the other hand, texts and e-mails are a lot of work, and need immediate attention. Technology offers opportunities for people to avoid social responsibility, and Turkle sees this as the reason why people spend time fidgeting with their phones.


The relationship between Olivia and Ravioli is unauthentic and fits Turkle’s critique on the book “Love and Sex”. Olivia’s story seems to affirm Turkle’s view that love is just not about bumping into each other. It is more than hopping into a taxi together or sharing a meal. It takes the approach that Adam Gopnik and his wife took when they heard about this strange friend that their daughter was attracted to. Turkle ascertains that relationships are complex, but very desirable. He compares good relationships to a candy store. And looking at Olivia’s imaginary friendships, it is clear that Olivia wishes that her friend would have more time to spend with her, and a less complicated schedule. Everyone is interested in having fruitful friendships, but most are scared of the time they have to spent to make this friendships work, and therefore they keep running away (David 17). The fact is this does not mean that they are emotionally satisfied or content with their friendships. Gopnik’s essay shows just how risky it can be having human friends. Looking at their daughter, Gopnik is concerned because the avatar friend that Olivia has does not meet the expectations their expectations of what a friend should be.


Gopnik takes a look at the eighteenth and nineteenth century and clearly discovers that even when people were pre-occupied with numerous constructions and the consuming tasks of the industrial revolution age; they still had time to meet, they had time to get bored. In this period, even the most hardworking individuals never complained of being busy, and they never avoided opportunities to meet with friends. The sharp turn of events came with the twentieth Century. In this age, being busy is more of a trend than a fact, and that is why a three year old like Olivia can easily pick it up, and expect that everyone older is always busy. This is because she has seen it in her family. Her parents’ talk about bumping into friends, and her brother is equally too busy to spend time with her. This is in agreement with Turkle’s view that we have all abandoned each other. When Turkle visits Miriam, who is a retired interior designer, she learns that her son had abandoned her. The reason was because Miriam’s son felt that Miriam was too demanding (Turkle 14). The same is true of Gopnik’s findings about the busyness of people in New York. They do not have time to build friendships, and as a result, when they grow old, they end up like Miriam. It finally dawns on them that they have been alone all this time. The only difference was that they were bumping into people, but they were not actually attached to these friends to get to know them better. Gopnik finds that people are too busy, and this is in line with Turkle’s findings that today people would rather have robot friends than real human friends. Gopnik essay shows how people got too busy to start avoiding intimacy. Technological inventions such as messages, e-mails and telegraphs have given people the freedom to postpone meetings (Gopnik 4). This includes meetings with friends, acquaintances and even their families. The result has been that everyone is always living in a rush because they keep forgetting what they postponed. This has led people to develop poor habits of managing relationships. As person-to-person relationships grow poor, the person to avatar relationships increases. These avatars are not imaginary people as is the case of Olivia, but technological things like phones, games and so on. Turkle points out that any time spent with an avatar is time that would have been spent with real people, performing sociable activities like chatting and taking walks. It therefore follows that Gupnik and Turkle are all talking about the same thing. They are all concerned by how technology has robbed people of that personal friendship. They are also concerned of the effects this has on the coming generations.


Conclusion


Technology has always been developed to make-work easier, but as it turns out it has also made life harder and more complicated. People know little about their families let alone their friends. This is because technology has taught everyone to hide his or her vulnerabilities. With technology, time more time is spent with avatars than with real people. The problem is that we are passing this to the young generations at such an early age that it is very hard for this upcoming generation to draw clear lines between what ought to be and what is currently happening. There is therefore need to address the busyness that has come with technology and set up time to spend with friends and family. In addition, the habit of postponing issues with statements such as “I will call you” is direct impact of technology. It is therefore important that people learn to complete things so as to avoid being busy responding to imaginary emergencies.


The busyness of everyone in New York is not because these people have jobs that take too much time out of their schedule. It is because they have over time accumulated appointments by postponing things. No one has the attitude of doing a task to completion, unless they are rushed by a deadline. The same is true about the lives of the people that Olivia interviewed. The people they value most are trapped in the web of busyness that with time, they have seized to exist. People trapped in the cycle of making and breaking appointments. Families are ignored, friends brushed aside. The technological inventions that have been made have taken the focus of people from what their families and friends need, to what their machines need. As a result people age, and find themselves strangers to their friends and families.


Works cited


Gopnik, Adam “New York Journal: Bumping Into Mr. Ravioli : The New Yorker.” The New         Yorker. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.


Turkle, Sherry “Alone Together” New York: Basic Books, 2011.


Levy, David. “Love and Sex with robots” New York: Harper Collins, 2007.



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


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You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


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Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


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You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


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Target marketing Strategy detiled analysis research essay help: research essay help

I


Contents


Introduction. 1


Target marketing Strategy. 2


Introduction to the tanning industry. 2


 


 


Introduction

Marketing has always been a fundamental aspect of the business world. It determines the profitability and sustainability of business entities both in the long-term and the short-term, as it has a bearing on the image that the entity creates for itself, as well as the number of people that would know about its products. However, the increased importance of marketing has also resulted in an increase in the costs of the same. This has necessitated that companies and business entities come up with ways in which they can realize the maximum benefits for every coin that they put into marketing. It is well acknowledged that products will only appeal to a certain groups of people, who share some common features. This is the basis for or logic behind target marketing. Target marketing underlines the segmentation of the market thereby allowing for the concentration of a business entity’s marketing efforts on the key segments (Zikmund and  D’Amico 13). The essence of target marketing revolves around the fact that it makes the pricing, promotion, as well as distribution of the services and products of the business to be more cost effective and easier, while creating a focus for all the marketing activities of the business entity. Target marketing does not revolve around the exclusion of people that do not fit the criteria from buying the business entity’s products, rather it allows the business to concentrate its marketing efforts and brand message to specific markets that have a higher likelihood for buying the products and services offered than the other markets (Zikmund and  D’Amico 15). This comes as a more effective, affordable and efficient technique for reaching potential customers and generating business. Such is the case for Indoor Tanning in Darque Tan.


Target marketing Strategy

The strategy used revolves around determining the needs that the products meets, segmenting the market and selecting the segments that would be appropriate, as well as selecting products that would be offered in every segment. Indoor Tanning Companies create value through enhancing ambience and aesthetic look of indoor spaces. These can be used in affluent areas, gyms, spas/salons and college campuses, which may be reached through events/ conventions, advertisement and even the use of celebrities.  For this business, the target population is primarily women aged between 15 and 30. It would be imperative that the business determines whether the varied segments would receive a single generic product, or whether every segment would get customized products and services, based on the maturity and diversity of the market, expected sales volume and even the level of competition.


Target marketing, like advertising, needs to adhere to certain ethical guidelines. Texas laws require that adverts be non-deceptive and truthful, with the advertisers having evidence to support their claims.


Introduction to the tanning industry

The Indoor Tanning industry is a multibillion industry in the United States with more than 28 million Americans going to more than 19000 salons annually. It is primarily involved with the improvement of the lightness of the skin, or rather tanning the skin of the clients. Darque Tan is a Luxury tanning Salon that has varied locations including St Louis park, Plymouth and even Newton, Ma. New customers of the salon are allowed to try out its products and services free of charge, which comes as an incredible marketing technique, as the clients would undoubtedly feel inclined to buy the services in the future.


 


 


 


Works cited


Zikmund, Wiliam, G. and  D’Amico, Michael. Effective marketing: creating and keeping customers in an e-commerce world. New York: South-Western, 2002, print


 


 


 


 



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Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



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Information Report: Blue Whale in the world professional essay help: professional essay help

 


The blue whale is the largest animal in the world with some of its species attaining a head and body length of 30m and weighing more than 150 tonnes. There are three main subspecies of the blue whale namely B. m. musculus, B. m. intermedia, and B. m. brevicauda. The latter is also known as pygmy blue whale. These species are distributed across all parts of the world. The blue whale is one of the many types of whales that have been hunted intensively by whalers. Intensive hunting took place at the end of the 1800s and in early 1900s enabled by discovery of new technologies, until an international law to protect them was passed in 1966. However, some of these species have not completely recovered from the intense exploitation. Exploitation and technology continues to be major challenge to the blue whale population.


Background


Since the late 1800s, the Blue whale has been haunted extensively due to the commercial value of its products and its great size. The greatest number of the Blue Whale was eliminated between 1900s and 1930s and the peak levels were reached between 1930 and 1931 when more than 30,000 species were killed. The peak level coincided with technological advancement including development of sea based factory to process the carcasses of the whales, advent of steam power vessels, and explosive harpoons. Whaling contributed immensely in the depletion of the Blue whales especially in the Southern Hemisphere. More than 325,000-360,000 species were killed over the first half of 20th century in Antarctic waters single-handedly (Perrin, Wursig & Thewissen, 2009). In North Atlantic, another 11,000 were killed mainly in Icelandic waters and in North Pacific 9,500 species were killed. This legal whaling of the Blue whales species led to reduction in its population size almost to extinction, until 1966, when international protection emerged. However, in spite of the global protection some species like the Pygmy Blues, discovered in Indian Ocean in 1950s, continued to be targeted until 1972. Moreover, between 1947 and 1972 the Soviet Union continued to kill close to 9,000 blue whales even with the 1966 protection. Current threats to the species include pollution, strike by ships, seismic surveys and shipping, noise from military operations, and climate change effects like changes in ocean chemistry and circulation, and reduction of ice-cover on the sea.


General description


The blue whale is a species that is generally found on all seas in the world, but they were abundant in Antarctic Seas. It has three distinct subspecies or categories. These include:



m. musculus
m. intermedia
m. brevicauda


m. musculus is the main subspecies, but its population size is has been reduced to a critical level by commercial exploitation (Klinowska, 1991). It is relatively smaller with a maximum length of 27m compared to over 30m of the B. m. intermedia. It is mainly found in North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans. The Southern hemisphere is home to two subspecies of the blue whale, mainly Pygmy Blue (B. m. brevicauda) and Antarctic Blue (B. m. intermedia). The latter mainly lives in Antarctic Seas, while the former are common in Pacific and Indian Oceans north of 550S. Blue whale feed mainly on krill (Curtis et al).

Distribution


North pacific


They are located in coastal shelves of South America and North America. Evidence indicates that there could be more than one stock as earlier indicated by reports from the IWC scientific committee. For instance a stock has been noted to migrate between the waters of the Gulf of California and Baja California between fall and summer.  Again in the Costa Rica Dome area they have been sighted almost every season, with a peak being between the months of June to November (“Marine Fisheries Review”, 1999).


North Atlantic


The Arctic is another area inhabited by blue whales and occasionally the U.S. In the eastern Canada there is a sighting of the blue whale. In winter they can be seen in Newfoundland waters and over summer they migrate to Davis Strait, St. Lawrence gulf and eastern parts of Nova Scotia (“Marine Fisheries Review”, 1999).


Northern Indian Ocean


There is a report of year round presence of the blue whales in Indian Ocean. Reports suggest sighting takes place at Persian Gulf, Gulf of Aden, across the Bengal bay, Arabian Sea, the Strait of Malacca, and Burma (“Marine Fisheries Review”, 1999).


Southern hemisphere


The IWC reports that there are six tocks of blue whales in the Southern Hemisphere. However, there is inadequate data to validate the existence of these stocks (“Marine Fisheries Review”, 1999).


Current and Historical Abundances


According to “Marine Fisheries Review”, (1999), the blue whale population in the North Pacific is more than 3,300. Prior to commercial exploitation the population of the blue whale in this region was estimated at 4,900. In the North Atlantic scientists have estimated their population to be in the range of 100 and 155, but these statistics are disputed by IWC. Photographic studies indicate more than 320 blue whales exist in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. There is no statistically reliable data to approximate the abundance of blue whales in eastern North Atlantic. Prior to commercial exploitation it is indicated that North Atlantic was home to about 1,100 to 1500 blue whales. Statistics do not exist to indicate the historic or current abundance of blue whales in Northern Indian Ocean. In the Southern Hemisphere, the scientific committee while acknowledging the challenge of developing reliable statistics noted that the Southern Oceans is home to above 500 blue whales. Recent data suggests that the population of blue whales in the region is about1, 255.  Historically, before the start of commercial whale exploitation in Antarctic in the beginning of 20th century there was an estimated population of blue whales in the region of 180,000. Comparison of the historic and recent scientific data does not suggest that there is any recovery of the blue whale population in the region. The population of pygmy blue whale in Indian Ocean in 1970s was approximated at 5,000 individuals, but this population is now approximated to be 10,000.


Causes of extinction


Exploitation is the main cause of blue whales extinction. Advance in technologies such as steam engine catcher boats and explosive harpoons in Norway, led to the rise in exploitation of faster sei, fin and blue whales. This discovery quickly spread out to other parts of the world with whalers in Antarctic and North Pacific adopting this modern equipment.  The blue whale population started to decline following this spread (“Marine Fisheries Review”, 1999).


Collision with vessels is another factor attributed with mortality of the blue whales. In California, ships strikes were associated with deaths of blue whales in 1980, 1986, 1987, and 1993. Photographs also indicated that blue whales in the region had scars on their dorsal suggesting possible strike by ships.


Conclusion


Indeed the blue whale population has been threatened by advent of new technologies for ocean related activities. The discovery of steam powered catcher boat and harpoon explosive precipitated this exploitation. This was followed by development of ocean based factories for processing the whole blue whale. Development of faster moving ships for military operations and for the whale watcher is also another threat for the ships particularly because it leads to their deaths through collisions. Although overexploitation has been reduced following the protection law at international level, in some region especially the Southern Hemisphere, there is need to protect these endangered species as there is no indication that their population is increasing.


 


References


“Marine Fisheries Review”, (1999). The Blue Whale, pygmy Blue Whale, and the Antarctic or True Blue Whale. Marine Fisheries Review, 61(1): 38-43.


Curtis, L. K., Dennis, A. J., Macdonald, K. R., and Debus S. (2012). Queensland’s Threatened Animals. Csiro Publishing.


Linowska, M. (1991). Dolphins Porpoises and Whales of the World: the IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN.


Perrin, W. F., Wursig, B., and Thewissen, J. G. M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press.



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Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?


Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.


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Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
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Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





Implementing Successful Information Security Policy grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Information Security


Whereas information policies of organizations deal with the identification, definition, control and protection of usage of both general and sensitive paper and electronic information within an organization, security policies identify and classify the technological requirements that will ensure that both systems of computers and other networked information in organizations equipments are secure. Therefore, Information security policies define information of an organization and provide for its security, regulating its usage by employees as well as employees of affiliated and partner organizations.


A well written policy statement is the core of an effective information Security. It is where all other standards, guidelines, procedures and other documents that support security are derived. Therefore, the Homeland Security Department requires a security policy that is well written for the management to declare it with the intention of protecting its information. The policy document should contain written statements of how the department intends to protect information systems. Areas such as accountability, information ownership, modification and information labeling should be addressed within the policy. Procedures and policies are components that are critical within a proper security system. The National Institute of Standards and Technology recommends that many organizations use the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) model to develop their Information Security Systems. From the model, policies and procedures can then be created.


According to Danchev (2003), an effective security policy provides the basis of a successful execution of security plans in the future. The implementation of the security policy should be done properly. This is beneficial since it will turn all the staff into participating to help the department secure its information. It also helps reduce the risk of potential security attacks through human mistakes such as sharing information to unknown persons, improper use of the Internet are other activities. In addition, during the process the department will define its significant resources, ways of protecting them, and it serve as a centralized document of protecting the resources.


During the process of creating a security policy, there are strategies to follow. The first step is referred to as risk analysis where the critical resources of the company are identified, and this helps to  implement proper measures. This is a key process and should be taken seriously. It helps identify the critical information, their functionality and the threats that can affect them. If, all is identified then the next step is identifying the threats.


Based on the information found from the first step one will be able to find ways of managing the threats to the resources properly. In this process, the potential threats are found, and they should be included in the final security policy. Ways of fixing and handling the threats should also be known to protect the Information system. This can be the use of certain products necessary for security of the systems, for example, anti-virus, firewalls, access control systems, smart cards, intrusion detection systems and biometrics (Maiwald, 2004).


The staff should then be made aware of the policy and consequences of going against it. Violating the policy should be handled accordingly. A review of the policy should be done to ensure all the guidelines and standards are defined well. After the policy is drawn, revised and agreed upon then implementation is done. This process is harder since, the staff should be taught on how to handle the Information system in order to comply with the policy. The policy should be given to all the staff. In addition to educating the staff, some staff should be reassigned with other roles in an effort to protect the information systems (Danchev, 2003).


The need of information Security Systems is extremely crucial in the Homeland Security Department. Knowledge and ability of designing and implementing the Information Security systems requires extensive research, investment of time and resources. A security program that is properly designed and implemented helps reduce exposure of the systems to threats and limit the damages that can be caused after attacks. According to Kadel (2004), to make the system effective, it must be reviewed and maintained regularly.


 


 


References


Danchev, D. (2003). Building and Implementing Successful Information Security Policy. Security Policy , 3-7.


Kadel, L. A. (2004). Designing and Implementing an Effective Information Security Program. Protecting the Data Assets of Individual, Small and Large Businesses , 3.


Maiwald, E. (2004). Fundamentals of Network Security. New York: The McGraw-Hill.


 



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Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?



Plagiarism free papers
Timely delivery
Any deadline
Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
Subject-relevant academic writer
Adherence to paper instructions
Ability to tackle bulk assignments
Reasonable prices
24/7 Customer Support
Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.


Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.


What discipline/subjects do you deal in?


We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.


Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?


Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.


What if I don’t like the paper?


There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.


Reasons being:

When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?


Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.


What if the paper is plagiarized?


We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.


When will I get my paper?


You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.


Will anyone find out that I used your services?


We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.


How our Assignment Help Service Works


1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.


2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.


3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.


4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.



GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!





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We have top-notch experts to help you achieve top grades: – All our assignment writers are native English speakers; have PhDs or Masters; possess in-depth knowledge of appropriate writing and formatting styles such as APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, AMA and more; and adhere to the highest standards to deliver well-written A+ assignments.
• Native writers
• Subject-matter experts
• Academic veterans
o Ex-lecturers
o Former students
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How much does it cost?

The most affordable pricing for high-quality assignment help services: from just $7 per page.
·    Get the best assignment help at the best prices in the market!
·    Get any revisions free of charge.

Why choose us?

Get high-quality custom papers at affordable prices from our expert writers.

Free Extras:

  • Free revision
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We Guarantee:

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  • 100% authenticity
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