Derivative investment course work Topic: Discuss and investigate VaR and its characteristics when applied to options. You must produce example calculations on: European and American style options Long and short positions in these Portfolio of at least three different options (more is better) Introduction All financial institutions bear some sort of risk while dealing with different financial instruments, whether it be corporate treasurers, fund managers or financial institutions, they are all exposed to a certain market risks while carrying out their daily trading activities.
There is a possibility that the institution makes a blunder in forecasting the future value of its trade and this may lead to major losses that have to be incurred by the institution. The exact number of this loss that the institution might bear is unknown and this had bothered many regulators with the fear of major banks going bankrupt, so mitigate the risk of bankruptcy the Basle committee on banking supervision, in April 1995, announced that capital adequacy requirements for commercial banks would be based on VaR. Later in the same year there was proposal issued by the security and exchange commission that required publicly traded U.
S corporations to disclose information about derivative activity, with VaR measure as one of three possible methods for making such disclosures. (Jorion,P, 1996) Value at Risk Value at risk (VaR) is an attempt to provide a single number summarizing the total risk in the portfolio of financial assets. Var is the maximum loss that the institution will face on a given day. The basic variables involved in VaR measure is the time horizon and the confidence level e. g. an analyst calculating the VaR of a instrument(securities or derivatives) is a certain ‘X’ percent sure that his loss over the next ‘N’ days will not cross a certain value.
A European option is a typical option where the underlying price is already decided and the maturity date is fixed and it can only be exercised on the date of maturity. An American option is similar to an European option with the only difference being that it can be exercised at any given point during the life (duration) of the option. (hull) While calculating the VaR for options the method adopted is far more complex than the ones used for equities as the VaR for options is based on the underlying asset of the option (stocks, bonds, futures, foreign currency, etc).
While calculating the VaR of options we can either use the linear form or the non-linear form. The linear or delta normal form for calculating VaR considers a delta change in the portfolio of options. Delta is the rate of change of the value of the portfolio with respect to change in the value of the underlying i. e. ?=? P? S . this forms a linear relationship between the portfolio and the underlying and can be used to calculate the standard deviation of the portfolio. It also assumes that the returns follow a multivariate normal distribution.
The non-linear model considers gamma along with delta, which is the rate of change of delta with respect to the market variable, it is the delta of the delta i. e. it is the percentage change in the delta value from its original value. This concept is used delta hedging to create a zero risk portfolio, where the portfolio has to be rebalanced according to the change in the delta and additional numbers of stocks have to be bought in order to diversify the risk of the portfolio. The volatility of the underlying can be alculated using gBm which would give the random effects of the underlying’s price movement (price jumps) (hull, 2010). In using the linear model for calculating VaR we calculate the portfolio value with respect to the delta. After that it is run through a series of simulations under the Monte Carlo simulation method and then a percentile is examines which is dependent on the confidence level incorporated. In the case of 1000 simulations at 95% confidence level the worst 50 outcomes are examined and the 50th (ascending order) outcome will be the value at risk for the portfolio.
This would give the daily VaR. in order to calculate N-day VaR we have to multiple the 1-day VaR by N. There are basically many methods of calculating VaR such as the variance-covariance method, the model building method, the historical simulation method, the Monte Carlo simulation method, etc. Since I would be using the Monte carlo method, I would be discussing that method only. For a description of the other methods one can refer to the chapter on value at risk in Hull,J(2010).
How Urban Legends Work extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology
Name: Fabio Carvalho How Urban Legends Work BY Tom Harris (Summary) Tom Harris has come up with a number of definitions for urban legend. To me, a legend must be a story, with characters and some sort of plot. Others lump widely dispersed misinformation into the urban-legend category. For example, the erroneous belief that you will automatically pass all of your college courses in a semester if your roommate kills himself is generally considered to be an urban legend.
While these “facts” don’t always have the narrative elements of traditional legend, they are passed from person to person and frequently have the elements of caution, horror or humor found in legends. Particular urban legends may be spread either as fact or as a story. For example, someone could tell you that there are giant alligators in New York’s sewers, or he could tell you a riveting story about a group of kids who stumbled upon such an animal. The methods of passing urban legends have evolved over time.
In the past 10 years, there has been a huge surge of urban legends on the internet. The most common venue is forwarded e-mail.. This storytelling method is unique because usually the story is not reinterpreted by each person who passes it on. A person simply clicks the “Forward” icon in their e-mail and types in all his friends’ e-mail addresses. Having the original story gives e-mail legends a feeling of legitimacy. You don’t know the original author, but they are speaking directly to you.
Socially Useful Productive Activity free college essay help: free college essay help
Even my NGO (Deepalaya) had apprehensions as to how much we will be able to contribute in such a short time span. But after going through the whole exercise I can say that this course will surely be one of the highlights of my two year PGDM. SUPA helped me create a bond with Deepalaya that will definitely last a lifetime. I always wanted an NGO that is involved in education, so Deepalaya was perfect choice.
Not only had it made me sensitive towards people who are underprivileged it also gave me a sense of pride of being a part of a worthy cause.It was an eye-opener to see that so many things that we take for granted are a distant dream for the majority in our country. If my work changes the life of even one child I would consider these 22 days being worth every single second. So I take this opportunity to specially thank Prof. J. Philip, President XIME and Prof. S.
D. Tyagaraj, Dean XIME for coming up with such an innovative and socially responsible course. I am surprised that XIME is the only management institute that offers such a course, after all it’s not just the corporate’ that require efficient management.In a country like ours where there is extreme inequality in the society it becomes absolutely imperative that people like us come forward and contribute in our own little way. Today management professionals are venturing into social welfare, I hope this XIME initiative gives a boost to this trend and that many more institute’ follow suit. When I pass out of XIME one and a half years from now and look back at the two years I spent here, I would rate SUPA above all the other courses that I studied. At this point I have to acknowledge a few people who made my involvement with Deepalaya fruitful; Mr.
The answer came pretty quickly, it was ‘Education’. Education is the only cause that I could see myself joining because I consider it to be the difference between success and failure. In our country literacy rate is just 66%, which is way below what we are achieving for. I am not just talking about formal education but also professional as well as vocational education. These high levels of illiteracy create a workforce that is unskilled and is unable to achieve its maximum potential. It is the reason why education has been the focus of our government, with ‘Right to Education’ being a big step.Education gives you a platform from which you build a career for yourself and become a responsible citizen.
‘Money is a current asset but education is a fixed one that gives dividends in the long run’. So finding an NGO with its roots deep into education was my primary focus. Once I decided on the cause, I started searching for an NGO in Delhi/NCR which serves the cause that is close to my heart. I have been lucky to be born in a family that could afford my education. So I was looking for an organization that helps in educating people who are not so lucky.Our course outlines that we have to get in touch with that other part of society. Deepalaya fit the bill perfectly as its primary focus was on education, especially child education.
Every person you educate is a small effort in making a ‘self reliant’ society, which is Deepalaya’s motto. My own background check confirmed the credibility of the NGO so I didn’t think twice about sending an application. I am glad that it was accepted and I got a chance to make good friends and contribute to the society in my own personal way. SUPA Report: Denny Thomas Page 4 About Deepalaya Vision
The Audit Report Was Timely, but at What Cost? college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
This is intended to distinguish the report from a compilation or review report. The scope paragraph (see part 4) clari? es what is meant by an audit. Second, it lists the ? nancial statements that were audited, including the balance sheet dates and the accounting periods for the income statement and statement of cash ? ows. The wording of the ? nancial statements in the report should be identical to those used by management on the ? nancial statements.
Notice that the report in Figure 3-1 is on comparative ? nancial statements. Therefore, a report on both years’ statements is needed.Third, the introductory paragraph states that the statements are the responsibility of management and that the auditor’s responsibility is to express an opinion on the statements based on an audit. The purpose of these statements is to communicate that management is responsible for selecting the appropriate generally accepted accounting principles and making the measurement decisions and disclosures in applying those principles and to clarify the respective roles of management and the auditor. 4. Scope paragraph. The scope paragraph is a factual statement about what the auditor did in the audit.
The Parable of the Sadhu instant essay help: instant essay help
The Parable of the Sadhu 1) McCoy is the type of person who is involved with ethics in a way that can benefit the entire group, he rationalizes his decisions by his ethical knowledge. Although yes McCoy did do something wrong. He ignored the fact that there was a dying man in front of his feet, and he refused to care for him more than he had already. This wrong decision was created due to his belief in Group Ethics and not Individual Ethics, he refused to think harder at the matter and simply believed in writing rather than common sense. ) McCoy’s decision can be justified by a few reasons, in that he used his knowledge of Ethical Decisions to avoid Ethical Lapses in the matter. McCoy had actually shown a central force that affected his decisions into the matter, he was following the force of “Distancing from Responsibility” As he was trying to not get too personal with the decision at hand, this can be both a defense argument and a flaw. McCoy had developed his knowledge of avoiding ethical lapses. He introduced his ethical education into the matter which made it easier to come up with a fair decision.
He also was trying to Lead by example to the others with him on the trip so that no one could jeopardize their activity. 3) This is an example of an ethical decision that is morally wrong, it is where the person thinks of himself rather than the individual, this falls into the Second Stage of the Moral Development. The preconventional stage, Stage two: Individual instrumental purpose. This is where the person determines what is right or wrong by making actions that best serve their needs or wants.
If the Sadhu had been a beautiful woman for instance, McCoy would have immeadiatelly stopped and helped because he believes that helping a woman would gain him a reward or would make the woman fall for him at some point. However that should not matter at all, an individual is an individual whether an old man, a child, or a woman, none of that should matter in the world of Ethics. 4) A : Standards at 15 – 20 thousand feet would matter in all sense of the situation, after all our decisions are hindered by the fact that we can no longer think straight due to the external pressure that is engulfing our minds.
The tempreature is also another factor, as it is freezing the body cannot create well and ethical decisions this falls into the category of External Pressure. It is where the person is affected by whats around him which disables him from coming up with proper decisions. B : When other groups of people are around you in a situation where you have to create an ethical decision you have to initiate a method to avoid ethical lapses which is to “Lead By Example” to show the individuals around you that you can handle the situation well enough to avoid lapses of any sort.
Which makes us more responsible. C : In my belief, what needs to change to create better outcomes would be Communication between the individuals, because communications tend to break down which cause morally wrong decisions as we have witnessed involving the Sadhu. The reason that communication needs to change is that so people can openly discuss their problems with one another so that they can feel at ease and can think properly while together and not create rational behaviors of the matter.
Bread Mold Experiment argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Bread Mold Experiment By: Stephanie Westover PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment will be to determine how temperature affects the growth of mold on wheat bread.
The researchers choose this topic because she thinks it will be beneficial to find a way to keep food from molding. Determining how long bread can be stored before molding can help save money, prevent illness and preserve freshness. The question the researcher will attempt to answer is how freezing affects the rate of mold growth in wheat bread.The information gathered in this experiment may be relevant to those individuals who contend with food borne molds at home, or professionally. Because the rate of mold growth can vary depending on the type of bread tested, the researcher will limit this study to a commonly available variety of wheat bread that can found in most stores. This will make the results of this experiment more relevant to average consumers and it will enable the results to be generalized across a larger selection of commercially produced wheat breads.Having some understanding of common practices regarding food storage and mold growth, the researcher sought out formal studies of food borne mold growth to help develop my hypothesis.
What the researcher discovered was that food storage at low temperature slows many of the enzymatic reactions involved in spoilage and reduces the growth rate of microorganisms. (Microsoft Encarta, 2007) This literature review shows that refrigeration slows the growth rate of mold. Further, the article demonstrated that refrigerators should be kept at temperatures 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit to minimize bacterial growth.In this procedure the researcher discovered that refrigeration does indeed slow the growth rate of mold. Many organisms will not grow at all or will grow at a slower rate if stored in low temperatures. While low temperatures are not bactericidal, the low temperatures do slow the growth rate of bacteria. Although a few microbes will grow in super cooled solutions as low as minus 20o c, most foods are well-preserved against microbial growth in the household freezer.
(Todar, Kenneth, 2011) In this article it states that even a household freezer can preserve foods against growth of mold if set at the right temperature.The researcher discovered that the zip lock baggie that the freezer in this experiment did in fact preserve the bread against the growth of mold. DESIGN The experiment design will be as follows: The researcher will purchase a loaf of commercially produced wheat bread and record the rate of mold growth on that bread over a period of 10 days at three different temperatures. The researcher will use commercial grade thermometers placed in a standard refrigerator, freezer and kitchen countertop to measure temperature. A commercial grade thermometer was used as it is close to the same type used in a typical restaurant.The researcher will place one piece of bread in a clear, sealed zip lock bag and put one of those bags in each of the three temperatures zones. Zip lock baggies were chosen over any other standard container because it was the best choice to keep out any bacteria that might give false results.
She will remove each test bag from its controlled temperature zone and measure the mold growth on each piece of bread through the clear zip lock bag using a fractional ruler. The researcher will record those measurements in a log book noting the time, temperature variation if any, and size of mold growth in inches.She will then immediately replace the bag back into its respective temperature zone. The researcher will repeat those measurements for 10 days and summarize my findings at that time. The researcher will be using commercially available wheat bread so that the results of this experiment can be at least partially generalized to all commercial bread products. She will be using common temperature settings throughout the experiment to mimic what is found not only in most households, but also in many commercial food establishments.
Huntingtons Disease Nontraditional Inheritance easy essay help: easy essay help
DNA, the chemical that makes up our genes, contains a “code” of three letter words known as “codons” or “trinucleotide repeats. ” Many genes normally contain a trinucleotide repeat, which is present several times. When the number of repeats increases to a larger than normal number of copies, the DNA is altered, and the gene may not function correctly or at all (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008). Huntington’s Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Males and females are equally likely to inherit the mutant gene.
The change in the gene takes place when the gene is passed from parent to child. Nontraditional inheritance plays a role in the development of HD when symptoms appear at an earlier age with each generation. The mutant genes repeat more times than the usual number in normal copies of these genes. It is not clear what causes a trinucleotide repeat to multiply into more copies than it should in a gene. Sometimes, a person may have more than the usual number of copies, but not enough to alter the function of the gene” (“Trinucleotide repeats: fragile-x,” 2008).
The higher numbers of repeats in each copy of the HD gene, the earlier the symptoms appear (“Huntington’s disease,” 2009). This is evident in the pedigree beginning with Martha and Horace. Martha died ten years after symptoms of HD appeared and her son, Allen also died ten years after his diagnosis. Martha’s symptoms appeared at 55 years of age, her son Allen’s symptoms appeared at 50 years of age and his children’s symptoms appeared between the ages of 37-40.
If the mutant HD gene is inherited from the father, the chance of the number of repeats is greater than if inherited from the mother. Either the number of times a repeat can change during transmission can expand or contract, thereby changing the way and age in which HD presents itself. The risk for developing HD for the members of the fifth generation (unborn children of Joseph and Becky) are 50/50 because even though Joseph has no symptoms at age 27, he has a 50/50 chance of having the gene and passing it on to his children.
My Most Frightening Day need essay help: need essay help
My Most Frightening Day Most people don’t have any idea when their most frightening day will be, it could have been when they were young or maybe it has not quite happened yet. I did not have the luxury of surprise although I also didn’t exactly have a day marked on my calendar.
I knew my most frightening day would come when a doctor called my house and informed my family that my great grandpa Papahualo had two weeks to live, and my dad informed me that we were going to fly out there to be with him.He was like a father to my dad and he traveled with us most everywhere we went and now, we were going to be with him before his greatest journey yet. I had been planning to go to New York during winter break; I was hoping to spend time with Papahualo as I went around sight-seeing and getting to know the city. This was not the trip I had planned at all. It wasn’t during winter break, it was two weeks before classes would begin for me, and this was not how I wanted to see him.The last time I had seen Papahualo was one year before when he was strong as a horse and could still pick me up when he gave an extra strong hug. We bought the tickets two days in advance and everything happened so fast that it almost seemed like a dream.
Papahualo was one of the healthiest, strongest people I knew. He was not the frail old man the doctor described over phone with his organs slowly shutting down. On the plane everything felt normal, like any other trip, I am used to traveling, but never like this.Even though the flight was short it felt like a nerve racking eternity of uncertainty, I couldn’t get a wink of sleep. I was sure I would break down sometime on the plane, if not then maybe once we got there and everything stopped feeling like a dream and became real but that moment never came. We went almost immediately to the hospital and although I ran scenario after scenario in my mind of what it would be like, I had no idea what to expect.My Papahualo’s lungs were filled with water and due to his organs shutting down, especially the kidneys and liver he didn’t look pale but instead a slight yellow color took over.
As of the day before he had stopped being able to talk, he was so weak and fragile he barely resembled the man I knew wrinkle by wrinkle in my memories. He was so sedated for the pain that he was only capable of sleeping, I was told he had been slightly delusional and I wasn’t sure if he would even know who I was. The nurses and doctors had been having issues with him wanting to get up and leave.They just could not understand that nothing ever stopped him from being independent and able to live just like them only weeks before. He had raised or taken care of so many children, grand children, nephews, nieces and even great grandchildren but had never had to be taken care of to this extent. I spent the first night at his bedside on a reclining chair, it was not the most comfortable sleeping arrangement but it was better than the chair my aunt kindly offered to sleep in. The first time he opened his eyes I filled with excitement and fear all at the same time.
I leaned in and asked if he knew who I was, he whispered “of course” and squeezed my hand as if he would never let go. That’s what I wanted deep down, I never wanted to say goodbye I had never even so much as given a thought to it. How do you say goodbye to someone who has always been there and watched you grow? How do you let go of someone who has meant so much to you for so long that a future without them seems impossible? I was holding my breath waiting for him to take his last. It is the scariest thing I have ever had to do.The second night I spent the same, just holding his hand and staying awake until around six in the morning when my aunt or uncle would wake up and take over my shift, the nurses were not the only ones up around the clock. By the third night my family may as well have locked me up in my aunts’ house, they insisted I need to take care of myself too and finally go home, eat a good meal and get some real rest. The fourth night was my last night in New York.
My great grandpa had finally been transported to a hospice and we knew it was now only a matter of time.It was decided that my two aunts and uncle would stay overnight with him but I begged and was allowed to stay instead of my uncle. He was surrounded by family from the beginning but now even more than ever with people from the area were even coming to visit trying to give their last goodbyes and sharing memories with the rest of us. He was so respected, admired, and loved; no one ever had anything bad to say of him and this was not just because of the circumstances. As it got later the family proceeded to clear out, leaving me with my aunts.I was reading my book and positioned myself as usual by his bedside until the familiar sound of his peaceful breathing began to change and slow down. Was this the moment everyone has been dreading? I put my book down, got out of my chair and walked closer.
I wasn’t alone because my aunts immediately were asking him if he was okay and comfortable enough and the mandatory things they’d say when he opened his eyes or got their attention. As he was breathing slower and slower my heart raced faster and faster, I squeezed his hand and I felt him still holding on.I looked into his eyes and tried to find a conscious mind behind the stare but there was none. My aunt called her sister and explained their dad wasn’t breathing the same “he’s breathing too slowly, he’s taking so long to breathe …he’s not breathing anymore”. I closed his eyes for him, which I felt was an honor because only one person could ever put you at your final peace like that. I didn’t say anything because there was nothing left to say, I had been talking to him in the few moments we had alone and he knew I loved him very much. Words were not needed at the moment just a few silent tears.
Then came the duty of delivering some phone calls out to family, and I had to maintain calm. I cannot describe all the emotions I went through in those four days; twenty six letters in different combinations could not possibly express the love, pain, exhaustion and fear that passed through me. I have never seen someone losing their life slowly before my eyes, but it’s a feeling I will never forget and one that scared me beyond what I can explain. I don’t wish it on anyone but in a way I also do feel special to have truly been there until the very end. Rest in peace Marino Eduardo Pacheco Alegre, better known as my Papahualo.
Japanese Canadians During Wwii gp essay help: gp essay help
Japanese people were blamed for everything from a bad crop to a flat tire” (Biase). Japanese Canadians claimed they were given many dirty and hateful looks, and overheard “people cursing at Japanese for their car troubles” (Biase). The Japanese Canadians were being punished for a crime they did not commit.
Canada’s only defence for its actions was that, “Japanese people were not white and they ‘could’ be spies” (Biase). This meant people were suspicious and literally afraid of Japanese for being spies sent from Japan.As a result, Japanese Canadians had to deal with being blamed for things they did not deserve, thus resulting in being treated unjustly as a human being. This notice was distributed throughout British Columbia. If any Japanese were found in the prohibited areas listed, they would be incarcerated. Thirdly, the Japanese Canadians were sent to internment camps across Canada against their will. In Canada, there were 10 internment camps where, “3 were road camps, 2 were prisoner of war camps (POW) and 5 were self-supporting camps” (Robinson).
Internment camps is a “large detention center created for political opponents, enemy aliens, people with mental illness, members of specific ethnic or religious groups, civilian inhabitants of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, usually during a war” (Dictionary). In this case, internment camps in Canada at the time were designed for only Japanese Canadians. Internment camps were labour/work camps, which required heavy-duty work for the 22,000 imprisoned Japanese Canadians to do.Since World War II caused a large shortage of farmers, especially sugar beet farmers, the Security Commission Council organized, “Sugar beet projects to combat the labour shortage. This gave Japanese males a choice. The choice was to work in road camps as slaves or go to the beet camps and be with their families. Working in the beet camp was the choice taken by the majority of Japanese married men” (Biase).
Considering the Japanese Canadians had to live inside the camps, the living conditions inside the internment camps were poor. They were crowded and were primitive with no electricity or running water.A story from Hideo Kukubo tells what life was like during the war: “I was in that camp for four years. When it got cold the temperature went down to as much as 60 below. The buildings stood on flat land beside a lake. We lived in huts with no insulation. Even if we had the stove burning the inside of the windows would all be frosted up and white, really white.
I had to lie in bed with everything on that I had… at one time there were 720 people there, all men, and a lot of them were old men. ” This is just one of the many horrible stories the Japanese Canadians experienced.Therefore, the Japanese Canadians were treated unfairly when they were forced to work and live in internment camps. In conclusion, the Japanese Canadians suffered during the period 1929 to 1945.
They had their property and rights taken from them, they were blamed for unnecessary things and forced into camps where labour was the only thing you did all day. Therefore, when Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced a historic redress settlement for the Japanese Canadians on September 22, 1988, it truly was the best thing to do, even though it was long overdue.
Parental Control – the Correct Approach? argumentative essay help online: argumentative essay help online
Parental Control – The Correct Approach? It is the role of the parents to guide their child, to ensure that the child follows the right path, whatever that path may be. After all, it is the parent who possesses the greatest influence on the direction chosen by the child, and his ultimate success in life. What parent has not felt the weight of this responsibility? Too often, parents faced with the pressure to provide such guidance to their children utilize questionable parenting practices which alienate the child, and yield results contrary to their intent. Children must be allowed independence, in order to fully develop as human beings.
They must be allowed their own dreams and aspirations, and the freedom to choose what they wish to be. Children raised under strict supervision lack the confidence, independence, and social development necessary to become successful members of society. By looking at the consequences of authoritarian parenting, it is clear that today’s parents must not resort to the use of authority in the raising of their children, and should instead utilize responsive parenting techniques focused on providing children with the best possible environment for personal growth.
Perhaps the most severe consequence of controlling parenting is the lack of unconditional love as perceived by the child. Warmth and affection are vital for a child’s emotional development. Children who are faced with such demands as may be made by a more authoritarian parent do not see their parents’ love as unconditional, but rather come to believe that only by meeting these demands can they secure their parents’ affection. A study published by the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health concluded that “early nurturing and warmth have long-lasting positive effects on mental health well into adulthood. ”[ ] The reverse is also true.
Children who don’t perceive this warmth from their parents demonstrate high levels of stress and anxiety, and a low sense of self worth. Such traits are hardly conducive to positive personal development. Authoritarian parents desire complete control over their children. Ironically, such practices as employed by these parents could well result in a complete inability to influence their children. Children, in times of need, will naturally turn to one they feel loved and accepted by. Often, this will not be the authoritarian parent. By alienating their children, parents are weakening their own ability to guide and influence them.
Children of authoritarian parents are far more likely to turn to their peers when confronted with difficult decisions, lessening the role of the parent in their development. [ ] As a result, parents are unable to provide their children with the guidance they need to successfully grow and develop into proper adults. While emotional development is integral to happiness, competence, both social and intellectual, plays a considerable role in success. Proponents of more stringent control often cite the comparatively high levels of academic achievement displayed by the children raised in these conditions.
Despite the proposed slight correlation demand and control have with academic averages, it does not result in true intellectual capability. These individuals face significant pressure to achieve. As a result, they are likely to be focused on the outcome, and focus on rote memorization of concepts instead of logic and critical reasoning abilities. Control advocates fail to consider how such an environment actually affects intellectual development, which is stunted in favour of short term test scores. In fact, even this dubious correlation is questionable.
While some studies have suggested such a relationship, others have shown opposing results. In a study conducted in 1999, Melissa Kamins and Carol Dweck concluded that shaming children for poor performance, a common practice of controlling parents, results in even poorer performance on problem solving tasks. [ ] There is however, no argument as to the effect of authoritarian parenting on the social abilities of recipients. Children and adolescents from controlling families exhibit far weaker social skills on average than their counterparts from more reactive ones.
This assertion has been confirmed by multiple studies across many different populations. [ ] [ ] [ ] Social competence is arguably even more important than intellectual capabilities. These are the skills which help us create and maintain relationships with others, and are paramount to both personal and professional success. Advocates of strict parental control also insist that such control imparts the child with a sense of responsibility. Nothing could be further from the truth. A child who is raised under strict control does not know discipline, only the fear of punishment.
Problem behaviour is less present, but there is no true sense of responsibility involved. The child is taught blind obligation to authority without question. Under these conditions, the child cannot develop his own moral compass and discipline. Experimental research has shown that authoritarian parenting is in fact more likely to create children less capable of moral reasoning when compared to other parenting styles. [ ] By not allowing the child to think for himself, and enforcing compliance and obedience, parents are destroying the child’s individuality.
As in adult, such a child will always rely on others to make decisions for him, because self-reasoning and critical thinking were not encouraged in his childhood. Parents, as the guardians of the next generation, are tasked with the crucial responsibility of raising their children to become functional, successful individuals. Now, more than ever, it is vital for parents to realize that control and authority are not the answers to successful child rearing. Such practices could have grave implications on the future of our society if they were allowed to spread unchecked.
The Feeling of Joy college essay help free: college essay help free
Joy “Joy comes from happiness within and looking at things from a different point of view” Joy means “an act of happiness”. When we hear the word joy or even think of it, what really comes to mind? Happiness, bliss and cheerfulness, happiness is one of the major factor’s that help us to understand what joy really is. Most people are joyful when they succeed, because joy comes from success. They base their joy on success because it’s big representation in life.
Can joy really come from success because, when we think of success it usually involves having a lot of money or being famous.Sadly, joy has been mistaken for success when we don’t know the true meaning of joy. People usually think of success as having your picture on the cover of magazines, in movie scenes and having people talk about you on a daily base. They don’t realize that people who attain success in this way all the time are not happy, because it’s not something they really want to do. Most successful people are not happy with the success they have, because they can’t find joy in what they do. This is the reason why most successful people fall under the influence of drugs and alcohol, because they can’t take the pressure of having that type of success.In fact, success with the involvement of fame and money cannot give you joy because it only takes away the true definition of what joy is.
Joy can only come from success if it is attaining something that you wanted for so long. When people experience true success they are happy. Success can’t come overnight, but with hard work and dedication you can become a true success and this when you really feel the joy of having success. Joy can only come from success if you’re truly happy with what you’re doing to be successful. Having success and joy in life is what everyone one wants and ask for.When you really have both there’s nothing else you could ask for, because you have just accomplish what everyone in the world wants and desire. There for great joy can only come from true success.
Joy is falling in love, making new friends or spending time with old ones, sweet dreams and watching a baby take his first step or say their first word. Without love, friendship and family can a person get joy? Love comes from having true feelings and affection for someone special. Being loved by family and friends is the greatest feeling in the world.We look to family and friends for the strength to go out through days when we can’t make and once we get the moral support and love from them it’s all we really need. Friendship is having someone who is there for you when they are most needed. They help you up when you’re down and stand for everything you do in life. Friends take care of you when you’re at you’re worst.
Their strong for you when you cry and wipe your tears for you and always say “it’s going to be ok”. As family we fight and we argue, but without family we would not have the support system that we truly need to make it in life.Family take us back when we have hurt them, betrayed them and disowned them. Without family how could we really make it? Without any of this I don’t think a person could have joy and only with true success can we attain everything that we need, so that we can have the true feeling of joy. The Browns were having their annual picnic, the sun was burning and the family was enjoying each other’s company. Around the same time last summer they did the same thing, but at their last picnic two of the family members had an argument.They went on for at least two hours arguing, their grandmother tried to calm each of them down but it didn’t work.
Sean was fed up with his cousin Fred that he was arguing with; so he left the picnic and went on his way. Later during the week he called the family and told them that he wouldn’t be coming around anymore because he don’t feel like he need them for anything. Sean got into trouble with the law an realized that he didn’t have anybody to run to or call. Little that he knew, his cousin Fred was at the scene when he got arrested and showed up at the police station to sign his bail.When he got out and realized that it was Fred who had done this for him he was overwhelmed, because he thought that his family had forgot about him just like he told them he would do to them. Joy that comes from outside influence is base on money, fame and success. The joy that we feel inside comes from knowing that we are loved, can make a person smile and also going on throughout the day knowing we have good health and strength.
Some years ago, a man by the name of Sam Brown thought he knew the true meaning of joy. He had success and the money to go with it.People adored him for what he did and everywhere he went some knew his name. All of this made him feel like he was on top of the world. Until one day it hit him that this wasn’t what he really wanted, he didn’t have his family for the moral support he needed and didn’t have real friends that actually cared for him. He then realized this when he had a heart attack, and no one who’d flock around him was at his bedside to talk to him. He disowned his family and where he came from for success and in the end he realized that he only had money and nothing else to go with it.
Broiler and Chicken “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu
Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food Chicken – The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. “I used to eat chicken without much thought about where it came from, or how and by whom it was raised and processed. Life was much easier then. ” So states Steve Striffler at the beginning of his book Chicken, The Dangerous Transformation of America ‘s Favorite Food. Similar thoughts are beginning to resonate in the minds of millions of people living in the developed world, who like Steve Striffler, have no particular interest in animal rights.
In fact, Chicken, apparently the only recent book to deal exclusively with birds reared for the broiler industry, is just one response among many to the growing public interest in how their food is produced. Striffler provides the reader with a fascinating account of today’s broiler chicken industry. It lays bare the facts about how the highly processed, branded and elaborately packaged chicken products are produced and marketed as part of a fast food industry with an annual outlay of $33 billion to spend to promote its products. In 1928 Herbert Hoover promised impoverished Americans “a chicken in every pot”.
By the 1970s the health effects of eating red meat were coming under question. People were turning to chicken as a health food. With the development of chicken nuggets and other processed chicken products in the 1980s, chicken has become unhealthy for all concerned, whether they are workers, farmers or consumers. “Six chicken nuggets contain the same amount of fat (21 grams) as a fat-filled double cheeseburger with condiments and vegetables. Order a chicken fillet sandwich and you get about one-third more fat than that same burger. ”
The result is a disaster of titanic proportions. “Nearly two out of every three Americans (130 million) are overweight, and almost one-third (60 million) are obese, an epidemic that has implications for heart disease, cancer, stress diabetes, and a wide range of other serious health problems”. What seems most shameful (to me, as an ethical vegan) is the fact that Government, supposedly set up “by the people, for the people” also pumps $20-billion a year into promoting unhealthy products, with only a tiny portion of outlays going to promote grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.
Steve Striffler could be categorized as a subtle reformer. His book sets out the fundamentals of a system in which there are no villains or good guys, simply problems of worker injustice, poverty, poor public health, and environmental degradation, all of which can and must be addressed. For those readers who share a passion for reform, whether it be in the field of labour relations, environmental degradation, human rights, and yes, even animal rights, Striffler has provided a wealth of references for further study most of which is easily accessed on the Net.
This is how he tells it: “Tyson processes job applicants like it processes poultry. The emphasis is on quantity, not quality”. “There were no pleasantries but neither was there any bullshit”. In less than five minutes after the foreman’s “What can I do for ya”, I was offered a job on the line”. The only white American, he was apparently, “Tyson material”. A short while later Javier, his orientation leader, escorted him and other new recruits into the classroom. A large sign, prominently displayed, caught his eye.
Written in English and Spanish its message was sharp and to the point, “Democracies depend on the political participation of their citizens – but not in the workplace”. The going rate for the job was $8 per hour. He describes his first evening in the plant: ” Hundreds of live chickens flood off the truck, down a chute, into a bin where workers quickly hang them by the feet onto the production line. The atmosphere is surreal, nearly pitch black, on the theory that the darkness soothes the terrified birds. The smell and look of the place is oppressive”.
Line workers (mainly women) must hang chickens at a pace of up to forty birds a minute for eight hours a day. They stand in the same place and make the same series of motions for the entire shift. It is inevitable that given time, they will sustain serious injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal and leg problems, varicose veins – to name just a few. The workers are covered with “blood, shit, and feathers”. The pace is relentless. The birds pass through an electrically charged bath that stuns the bird, but leaves it conscious until its neck is cut further down the line.
These communal baths, popularly described as “fecal soup”, pass on harmful microbes from one bird to the next, presenting a severe health hazard to the consumer. At the end of the process each chicken is plunged into a scalding tank. Apparently about one in twenty survive even this horror, for it is Javier’s job to stab these birds. It is not Striffler’s intention to be an advocate for the chickens. This may seem regrettable but it should be remembered that the Animal Rights movement possesses sufficient talented writers able and willing to take on this important task, as indeed they have done for the past thirty-five years.
Animal Farm/ Pov best essay help: best essay help
English Essay 3.
Of all of the characters in Animal Farm, are there any who seem to represent the point of view of the author? Which of the animals or people do you think come(s) closest to achieving Orwell’s perspective on Animal Farm? George Orwell brings to life many characters in the novel Animal Farm. He introduces very interesting characters like Boxer, Benjamin, and Napoleon.All of which are very interesting, however, none of them fully represent Orwell’s point of view. In Animal Farm, Orwell shows the reader the revolution as a glorious thing in the beginning then he turns Napoleon into a dictator, which causes the revolution to take a turn for the worse and in the end it is considered to have failed completely.It is believed that Snowball is the closest character in the story to the narrator’s opinion by many people including Malcolm Bradbury and many publishers of Orwell’s time; old Major’s speech is also very influential in the portrayal of how the author thinks; one of the very important things in the novel is the way the names and descriptions of the characters portrayed which characters George Orwell was more inclined towards; it has also been noticed that the author portrayed the events in a way that would show Snowball as the only person who was right in his thoughts and his actions.Animal Farm is considered an allegory to the Russian revolution. Although this is not the only moral of the story it is one of the most perceived and understood morals.
The claim that Animal Farm is an allegory is supported by the fact that most of the events that happened in the story are very similar to what happened in real life. For example, the sudden attack on Snowball is a representation of the attack on Trotsky, also the final meeting in Animal Farm between the humans and the pigs is also very similar to the meeting between Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt.Since it is an allegory most characters either represent a real person or a real organization. For example, Old Major represented Karl Marx since his teachings were implemented after he died and they caused a revolution. This is very important to understand since George Orwell’s feelings towards the actual events are reflected in the story. Because this is viewed as a very political novel it represented a challenge to Orwell to publish the book. However, the fact that it was a political novel was not the exact reason for the book being rejected so many times but n fact the issue that the publisher’s had with book was the fact “that it came from someone of Troskyite Sympathies”(vi), which is the person that Snowball represented.
Old Major’s speech was a very important part of the story. It represents the beginning, not only the beginning of the story but also the beginning of the revolutionary era. In the old Major speech the author paints a happy, perky image at the end by saying “And then, after a few preliminary tries the whole farm burst into ‘Beasts of England’ in tremendous unison. The cows lowed it, the dogs whinnied it, the sheep bleated it, the horses whinnied it, the ducks quacked it”(8).By using phrases like “the whole farm burst” and “tremendous unison” the author creates this imagery of joy and happiness. He also gives a feeling of unity by mentioning many different types of animals together and he balances all the phrases with the same amount of words in each phrase giving a sense of harmony in this time of delight. At this point of the story it is easy to argue that any animal represents the author’s opinion, however, it is a much more convincing argument that the author is in agreement with old Major, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball.
The reason for which is that the Author is in clear belief and conviction of old Major’s teachings and so do the other three pigs, Napoleon, Squealer and Snowball. This is expressed in the text when Orwell writes, “These three had elaborated old Major’s teachings into a complete system of thought to which they gave the name of Animalism”(9-10). One very important aspect of the story is the name of each character. Every name is clearly well thought out and very precisely chosen.This is obvious in some cases like with Napoleon as he was described in the story as someone who is “not much of a talker but with a reputation of getting his own way”(9), this is very similar to the actual Napoleon who actually took his crown away from the pope at his coronation to show his power and get his way. Squealer description in the novel said, “He was a brilliant talker”(9). That was practically his job throughout the whole novel he was as his name suggests a squealer also known as a person who “give short cry”(the Mac dictionary).
Then there was Snowball, he was described as “a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character”(9). His name and his description suggest that he is a cheerful pig and that he was more spirited and fun than other pigs. Another interesting thing is that when a person throws a snowball to a wall it crumbles and the same goes for Snowball when he’s confronted with true power he crumbles. This shows that the author’s view is more inclined towards Snowball since the author described him in a more positive way than other animals.He also pointed out quite clearly how Snowball is better than Napoleon with three positive qualities that Napoleon didn’t have while he only mentioned one quality that Napoleon had over Snowball and he did it in a subtle way, as if he was trying not to point out the bad qualities in Snowball. The last and most influential point is the way the events in the story are presented. Orwell shows Manor Farm as a place that is mistreated in the first line of the story.
He then portrays the revolution as something glorious that has brought happiness to all the animals which is something that most points of view agree on.The animals were doing well in the harvest and were moving along. They were also able to defeat the humans in the “Battle of the Cowshed”. Later on when Napoleon and Snowball were opposing each other in all of these meetings, Orwell described Snowball as being the productive one of the two when he said, “Snowball had made a close study of some back numbers of the Farmer and Stockbreeder which he had found in the farmhouse, and was full of plans for innovations and improvements”(32).At the same time Orwell made sure that Napoleon was viewed in an unproductive and negative way when he said, “Napoleon produced no schemes of his own, but said quietly that Snowball’s would come to nothing, and seemed to be biding his time”(32). He also presented Napoleon in a crude manner when after Snowball mentions his plans for the windmill to everyone, by explaining that Napoleon one day went to examine the plans for the windmill, “then suddenly he lifted his leg, urinated over all of the plans and walked out without uttering a word”(33).The last event to comment on that supported the fact that Snowball has the closest opinion to the author is all that happened after Snowball was kicked out of Animal Farm.
The best way to describe the corruption that happened in that time is to talk about the final meeting that the pigs had with the humans at the end of the story. When Mr. Pilkington commented on how “the lower animals in Animal Farm did more work and received less food than any animals in the country,”(92) illustrating on how Napoleon’s dictatorship was more deceiving than the normal dictatorships in the rest of the country and that it was the strictest.Even though Squealer had always assured the animals with exact numbers that the animals were currently in a much better state than they were in before the revolution. This illustrates that the author was always in favor of Snowball since without Snowball Animal Farm just turned back into a much worse and much more cruel Manor Farm. One would conclude that snowball is the closest character in thought towards George Orwell because of four things.One, because it is common knowledge that Orwell was in support of Trotsky who was represented by Snowball in the story, two, old Major’s speech was shown in a very glorious and adoring way which was Snowball’s belief on old Major’s teachings, three, the names and descriptions of the characters reveals the way that Orwell felt towards them, and four, the series of events in the story were presented in a way that was in favor of Snowball.
It is one’s belief that if it were George’s choice he would have given Snowball the power instead of Napoleon and then Snowball may have not abused his power the same way that Napoleon did.
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He would make sure I wouldn’t embarrass myself, help me with my homework and, of course, kept me safe in Virginia, Washington DC and New York. If it weren’t for him, I’m sure that I’d still be on a subway, wondering when to get off. Thanks for all your help, guidance and support Mr. Bretz. During the three years I’ve been in Brighton, I had three science teachers. Needless to say though, Mrs. Ashenburg is the best. She constantly makes science fun and exciting. It’s fun to look forward to her class and wonder what surprises she would give to us.
Thanks Mrs. Ashenburg, you are the best science teacher I’ve ever had. Ms. West, you are one awesome, awesome, awesome math teacher. You make math so easy to learn and understand. It is truly amazing how you make math fun and exciting with your projects. Thanks for making math fun and for your service in the military. When I was in a different school, my dislike for language arts soon became hate, but once Mrs. Flegenheimer stepped into my life, my hate instantly became love. Thanks to Mrs. Flegenheimer, I now love Language Arts.
As you all know, my English is fluent. As some of you know, I speak Mandarin Chinese Fluently. Two languages was already good enough for me, but when I met Senorita Rosa, she was kind enough to give me a chance to teach me a third language: Spanish. A new language is a new door to the planet, a new culture, new religions, more chances to express the mind. Senorita Rosa knew this, and she knew this well because when she taught the language, she didn’t just give us tests and vocabulary lists; she gave us culture, fun projects and even Spanish food.
Thanks for all you’ve done for us Senorita Rosa. Now, I wouldn’t have gone to Brighton if it weren’t for my parents. They sacrificed so much for me; I just can’t describe my gratitude on paper or in words. Thanks to you, I now have a great foundation, the only thing to do is to go into the future into Edmond Woodway’s IB Program, and I’ll see you guys when I continue to grow and explore the world of math, Spanish, Science and Cultures.
Philip of Macedon rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help
Once he returned to Macedonia he instantly set out in helping his brother Perdiccas (who at that time was the king of Macedon) to strengthen the Macedonian Army. Philip of Macedon had taken the throne in 359 BC after the death of Philips older brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III after they were killed in trying to free north west Macedonia against the Illyrians. Macedonia was in one of the most difficult times since the country was almost at the edge of collapse and the neighbours of Greece ready to put an end to the country’s existence.
Even though Philip was in this immense danger, he did not give up on his country. He removed threats which were internal and secured safety of his kingdom by firmly establishing himself on the throne. He had persuaded the Thracian king with gifts to kill the first pretender to the throne and he defeated the second pretender who was supported by the Greek power of Athens in a battle. He also had made a treaty with the Athenians to hand over the city, Amphipolis to the Macedonians which was on the coast of the country. Within two decades, Philip of Macedon changed the face of Greece.
The Greeks of the city states considered the Macedonians to be uncivilised, but in 20 years Philip had united and transformed them into the most respectable and feared military machine Greece had ever seen. But the key to his new professional army was a core of engineers which Philip organised to design a build new instruments and machines of war. The Macedonian were going to show and invasion which changed forever how wars were going to be fought and won. In 356 the Philips Macedonian army had attacked and captured the Greek city Potidaea.
While Athens was preparing to send force north, Philip invaded Pydna which was another Greek colony which was on the coast of Macedonia. In 357 the Greek city of Methone which was not far from Pydna, surrendered to the Macedonians and the city was re-founded as a Macedonian city. In 352 BC, Philip had invaded Northern Greece. He defeated Thessaly and all his enemies and by 352 he was in a fixed position and in control of the Northern Greek region. Philip of Macedon had returned to Macedonia once he completed the invasion of Northern Greece. He then began to prepare the remove all of the remaining Greek colonies on Macedonian grounds.
In 348 BC the Macedonians attacked the Chalcidice peninsula and defeated the city of Olynthus. All cities which were take over in the Chalcidice were demolished and the greek citizens were sold as slaves and their land was allocated to the Macedonians. Beside the Greek cities which were invaded and taken over King Philip was Stagerira which was the birthplace of Aritotle who was a Greek Philosopher and the whole Chalcidice peninsula seized by Macedonia Till 348 till 339 Philip pacified Epirus, took over Thrace and Scythia which both became Macedonian land.
Philip had gotten into battle with the Scythians in which he had a stunning victory, killed the Scythian king and Philip took 20, 000 Scythian women and children as slaves. On his way home, the Thracian Triballians had attacked Macedonia and Philip suffered a severe injury and returned home with nothing. As Philip was recovering from his injury the Greeks were creating and uniting a big army. When Philip had recovered, he assembled the largest army Macedonia had ever had and marched into Greece. The Greeks on the other hand had created the biggest army since the Persian invasion to fight off the Macedonian army to prevent invasion.
In central Greece, at Chaeronea is where the Greek and Macedonia army met. Greece had 35, 000 soldiers fighting on foot and 2,000 soldiers serving on horseback while the Macedonians has 30, 000 infantry and just like the Greeks, 2,000 cavalry. Philips army had shown well coordination and superb tactics which lead to the defeat over the Greek army. The Greeks, Athenians, Theband and the Achaeans had suffered the greatest loss. Ancient Greek historians consider this the battle of Chaeronea as an end to Greek independence and history. Greece had not regained their freedom until the early 19th century.
All Greek cities had to obey Philip as he was their King and the commander. They were obligated to follow his orders. While at the celebration of of his daughter’s wedding (Cleopatra) Philip was struck with a dagger and killed on the spot. Philip of Macedon was was on the greatest conquerers the world has seen. He had taken over Greece and conquered surrounding cities. His significance to the history of ancient Greece is his invasion in 339 BC of the Greek and Greek land, he had destroyed their independence and they did Greece did not regain itself until the early 19th century.
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Business research problem Specifications : 1 Page , 1 Source , APA Style : language Business Research Problem /Opportunity Analysis Prepare a 300-700-word examining a business problem /opportunity confronting your organization that you feel could be addressed through the application of business research principles by performing the following ? Create a problem /opportunity statement ? Develop constructs of the problem /opportunity ? Develop an operational definition from constructs ?
Identify the unit of measure within each of the constructs ? Outline the business research process for addressing or finding a solution to your selected problem /opportunity by using the Management Research Question Hierarchy (Refer to Chapter Three of the e-text , Business Research Methods . One of the main tasks a manager would have to perform is solving the problems the organization may develop during the performance of the work . The manager should ensure that the problem solving technique utilized is scientific and follows logic .
Problem solving styles may be of two types , systematic and intuitive . The systematic style is one that is rational , logical and involves step-by-step processes . Intuitive style does involve developing temporary solutions to long-term problems . One of the main problems faced in the organization is that the human resources do not have adequate skills and knowledge to perform the work . This has affected the workflow in the organization . The staff members are not aware of the means of performing the tasks .
The quality has dropped , and the work is being completed after excessively longtime . Due to this problem , the organization is unable to meet its objectives and goals . The supervisors have to review the work and take a longer time to ensure that the work is correctly done . When the staff had joined , they were trained on how to perform the tasks correctly . However , due to the required higher standards in the work quality , the staff members are unable to meet these standards . There may be several methods by which the organization can solve this problem .
One method would be to have more supervisors who can correct the work and ensure that it meets with the standards required . Another method would be to have a regular training program for the staff members , so that their skills and knowledge could be updated from time to time . However , the most appropriate option (s ) I would suggest would be a combination of both . The organization would have to double the number of human resources who would be performing supervision . This would ensure that that staff members could perform the tasks according to the standards required .
The supervisors can in fact check the quality and make corrections required . The other measure the organization would have to take is to have regular training programs for staff members . These training programs , workshops and simulation sessions should be organized on a weekly or a fortnightly basis , so that the staff can be frequently updated on the required skills . Having extra supervisors would mean that the resources required for performing the work should be increased . This includes human resources , financial resources…
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In addition, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” written by Martin Luther King’s Jr. was a letter that appeared in the Birmingham newspaper. King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for equality. King and Obama are demanding and striving to defend the desperate needs of equality and unity in our world. It is as simple as listening and respecting one another in order to have equality and unity in our world.
In Obama’s speech he mentioned, “… we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together—unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction—towards a better future for our children and our grandchildren” (Obama 304).
In other words, Obama is stating that no man is an island and people should come to realize that in order to survive in this world we all need other peoples help. In addition, the hope of a more perfect union is close to reality if people would learn to stand up for what they believe in. Another way to have more equality and unity in this world is having confidence to stick up what they believe in.
In King’s letter he mentioned, “One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence” (King 278).
King is insisting that people must fight for what they believe in and truly depict the struggle to achieve equal human rights. King also mentioned that, “We know through painful experiences that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must be demanded by the oppressed” (King 292). Basically, King is saying that the difficult challenges in our all brought within us and that people creates their own future. Although both Obama’s and King’s used very powerful and intellectual words to encourage people that the world can be a better place.
I believe that Obama’s words are more convincing. Although King’s letter was excellent and mesmerizing with the use of different metaphors, similes, symbolic devices, quotations, religious beliefs, and philosophical views that were clear and greatly supported his intentions of creating a land of equality. I strongly believe that Obama’s speech was a lot more powerful, searing, loyal, and a deeply Christian speech is the most honest speech and I can pretty much say that it was a speech that a lot of people have been waiting for.
Just like millions of other Americans, I was overwhelmed and surprised by the strong awaking of Obama’s speech. There was a sense of increasing possibility, which an African American man had a good chance of becoming a president it was speaking about race and racism on national television for half an hour. Such a powerful and thoughtful speech on any topic far exceeds what we have come to recognize of American politics, to hold into the world an issue so fragile and hardly ever approached with honesty is remarkable.
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