The novel first started as a play, and since then been reproduced into many different version. It published a few short years after Queen Elizabeth passed away and the Victorian Era had come to an end. The characters have specific characteristics that represent the time period. The Darlings represent the way Barrie saw the Victorian Era. We see this through the characterization of Mr. Darling, Nana, and Mrs. Darling, In 1837, the current king of England, William the IV, became deathly ill.
Upon his eath he had no surviving children and his niece Victoria took the crown. The soon to be queen had only been eighteen for twenty seven days when she took the throne. Queen Victoria’s reign was characterized by rapid change and development and ultimately created the strong British Empire we know today. Queen Victoria would rule until her death in 1901. During this time men were viewed as the head of the family. The Victorian Era was dominated by men, known as a patriarchy. The men were the breadwinners and controlled most aspects of their familys lives.
Women’s roles as mother shifted during the Victorian Era. Most had servants and governess to clean, cook, and care for their children. Their main Job was to be a loving mother and a supportive wife. It was seen as unlady-like for women to have a Job outside of the home. Lower class and unmarried women were typically the one that had to work, because of financial reasons. It wasn’t uncommon for girls to not attend school. Formal education was reserved for boys during the Victorian Era. They would learn basic things such as arithmetic, reading, and writing.
Girls did receive education, but it typically happened in the home, and were taught by their mother or governess on how to be a ood wife (“Victorian Britain”). Although the main focus of Peter Pan and Wendy was about the Journey the children had in Neverland. The Darling parents were able to evolve into dynamic characters. Mr. Darling comes off as a strange character. Throughout the story he shows a few characteristics that were common to the Victorian Era, including being defensive and a provider. A good representation of Mr.
Darling becoming defensive was when he gave his medication to Nana. In this section of the book Mr. Darling was attempting to convince Michael to take his medicine. To encourage Michael to take he medication he agreed to take his own medication at the same time. Mr. Darling told Michael to take his first and then he’d take his own portion. Michael agreed and took his, but when it was Mr. Darlings turn he began to make excuses. John responds by calling his father a ‘cowardly custard’. Mr. Darling became frustrated and self- conscious that his children no longer respected him.
He tried to regain their love by pulling what he thought was a harmless prank. Mr. Darling poured his medicine into the family pet and nurse Nana’s dog bowl telling her it was a treat. The children eacted negatively once they realized what their father had done. This only set Mr. Darling off; wanting to regain control of the situation, he threw Nana out of the house. “He telt ne was a strong man again ne was determined to snow who was master in that house” (Barrie 20). This is an example of patriarchy; Mr.
Darling didn’t want to be inferior to anyone especially not a dog. Another characteristic that Mr. Darling displayed throughout the story was his desire to be seen as a good provider for his family, economically, and in the eyes of the neighbors. In the text it directly stated: “Mrs. Darling loved to have everything Just so and Mr. Darling has a passion for being exactly like the neighbours; so, of course they got a nurse” (Barrie 7). At first Mr. and Mrs. Darling were concerned they wouldn’t be able to keep their children for financial reasons. For a week or two after Wendy came it was doubtful whether they would be able to keep her, as she was Just another mouth to feed” (Barrie 6). The Darlings faced the same situation when Michael and John were born. Even though they could barely afford to keep their children they still got a nurse. Mr. Darling was concerned that the neighbors would alk if he didn’t. Nurses or also known as governess were common during the Victorian Era. Jeanne Peterson said: the governess was a testimony of the economic power of the Victorian middle class father.
Yet in the novel Barrie makes Nana human-like. “She had a genius knowing when a cough is a thing to have no patience with and when it needs stocking round your throat. ” “It was priority to escort the children to school… walking sedately by their side when they were well behaved, and butting them back into line if they strayed” (Barrie 7). In a way Nana was everything the Darlings could ask for in a nurse. A difference that is apparent with Peter Pan and Wendy and a typical Victorian situation is the Darlings marriage.
Most marriages at that time weren’t based on love. It was more of a business deal. A man would need to financially support his wife. Both families would discuss financial matters prior to an engagement. In most situations the women wouldn’t have a say in who she’d wed (Ziegenfuss). Yet in the opening pages of Peter Pan and Wendy it talks about Mrs. Darling being a romantic mind. That there were many gentlemen chasing after her and it was Mr. Darlings quick thinking that won her heart, but not her kiss.
He got all of her, except the innermost box and e k ss” (Barrie Although it was a snort section ot the book it didn’t once mention money or that it was a previously determined marriage. As for Mrs. Darling and her role as a mother she played it perfectly. Her home, husband and children were her main focus. This is how Victorian woman was expected to act. Mrs. Darling is supportive towards her husband and reassures him when he becomes discouraged or defensive. Referring to Nana: “l know she admires you tremendously George… and she’d then sign to the children to be especially nice o their father” (Barrie 8).
Mothers of the Victorian Era were referred to as the angels of the house. In Peter Pan and Wendy there are countless examples of Mrs. Darling being a loving mother. “Mrs. Darling first heard of Peter when she was tidying up her children’s minds. It is the nightly custom of every good mother”(Barrie 8). During the story Mrs. Darling embodies the perfect mother to her children. Even as the story shifts to the children’s adventures in Neverland we don’t lose this idea of motherhood. At a young age Wendy already took on the role of being a mother even hough she is still a child herself.
An example was when Peter kicked John out of his bed which Wendy replied “that he was not captain in her house. ” This is getting back to the idea that the home is the women’s domain. In conclusion, the characters of Peter Pan and Wendy portray typical Victorian characteristics. A major topic that is shown in Barrie’s writing is how gender roles were during the Victorian Era. Mr. Darling represents the proud and sometimes defensive male fgure and Mrs. Darling embodies the perfect mother, which loves her family more than anything.
The person I am write my essay help: write my essay help
The most crucial question may one ask by self in loneliness is “WHO AM l? ” Of course, it’s not an easy task to answer. That’s so why many intellectuals devoted their whole life to find out who really human beings are. Is the identity revealed only by one’s physical appearance or some more valuable character are involved ? Professor Richard Gunde (2002) posits that a person’s physical appearance is the foundation on which other people Judge them by (p. 71).
I myself as a banker who works for a well-known state-run bank deals with plenty of people face to face every ay believe that it’s important to be well dressed and well educated and well communicated i. e. to have nice window, BUT more importantly my clients want me to be a professional banker with sufficient skills who fulfills their needs and to do my job best. I always use to wear official cloths i. e. suits in black and chocolate brown with polished shoes using men’s brand perfume wearing eye glasses shaved face every other day short cut hair style look so serious at work .
But those who get familiar with me closer knew me as a friendly , sociable with good sense of humor who loves o be at the service of his clients. So , let me say, personality is the gateway into knowing whom people truly are. You as member of our society have surely visited those who achieved great successions but don’t care about their physical appearances. I knew someone who is the student of post PhD in Nano electronic in Denmark who has a very simple life abroad , but whoever visits him at first look cant believe him as if he is an ordinary people unless they keep in touch with him or read his resume’.
In contrast, there are lots of people around us who think nothing but heir physical appearances. They pay a lot for keeping their prestiges and drive their expensive luxurious cars in the streets and don’t care about others . In case of an accident their other side would be revealed. During the history of human beings there were great scientists and intellectuals who never been fully accepted in public because of their appearance. But today every one admires and appreciates them for their works , inventions, masterpieces. Have you ever been abroad? IVe traveled to few countries like IJAE, Armenia,Georgia , Turkey .
Earlier I thought I had to learn heir languages then visit there . So I started learning English for thirty years and got my BA. In translation English (1999-2002) and my diploma in Russian as well in Consul General of Russian Federation in Rasht (2007-2008) . But I was totally wrong. Regardless of who you are they understand you and keep in touch with you easily and help you . Because they speak with a unique universal language what was language of humanity either verbal or nonverbal. So no matter who you are or from where you come, Just be honest and a real human beings , the world would be in your hands
I believe that physical appearance is not the best criteria to Judge who a person really is . My personality , ambitions, thoughts and what I really love doing should be the best parameters and scales for measuring who really I am. we should never be worried of not knowing all about ourselves while we are discovering new aspects of it. In my idea I really satisfied knowing that everyone who knows me, values and sees me as a man ot great ambitions willing to go that extra mile tor them.
Morality in International Law essay help websites: essay help websites
The discussion of whether or not morality belongs in international law has its’ roots in both the definition of morality as a concept, and the ability of an international body to legitimize the adjudication process based on premises of morality. The term ‘moral’ has its’ roots in middle english according to the oxford dictionary: “from Latin moral’s, from mos, mor- ‘custom’, (plural) mores ‘morals’.
As a noun the word was first used to translate Latin Moralia, the title of St Gregory the Great’s moral exposition of the Book of Job, and was subsequently applied to the orks of various classical writers. “l If we are to believe the Oxford analysis of the etymology of the term moral than morality is inescapably linked to religion from the inception of the term originating from a synopsis of a biblical text. Despite the issues that arise with connecting church and state, the creation of law on the premise of morality will not be discussed with specific relation to the etymological foundation of morality as a religious concept.
Rather the propensity of morality based arguments to be reduced to an emotional nature, the ability of regional and micro-scale djudicatory bodies to regulate more specified legality debates being mitigated by international morality related laws, and the nature of morality based arguments to alienate certain sects of society determined by the mutual-exclusivity of morality centered litigation will be analyzed in this document. From a philosophical perspective, one can adopt views on the nature of humanity from a plethora of sources. This paper determines its’ philosophical beliefs from the works of Thomas Hobbes.
Specifically in Hobbes’ arguably most famous of works the leviathan, Hobbes determines his view on the ‘state of nature’ for all humans within his text. In chapter eleven of the leviathan, Hobbes proclaims that mankind has a general “inclination… and restless desire of power after power, that ceaseth only in death. 2” He thinks that in the absence of the State and the formalization of a commonwealth protectorate, man cannot “assure the power and means to live well, which he hath present, without the acquisition of more. “3 Thus, given the absence of a governing body one must continuously “kill, subdue, supplant, or repel the other. ” This means that without the presence of a governing body there is not facility to reate a conceptualization of what is right or wrong. One only has inclination to survive and to obtain more power than all others around him in the perhaps vain attempt to extend his own life, as is only natural given the constant state of war that nature provides. Without the ability to act or even contemplate what is right or wrong the very idea of morality cannot exist, for morality is by definition “propositions asserted as objective truth”5 in relation to an individual or group conceptualization of what is ‘right’ or ‘wrong. If one is to follow this line of reasoning to its’ end then the onclusion is that without the formalization of the state, which is only possible by creating contracts between people giving up certain freedoms allowing for a collective state to provide universal protection6, then the idea of morality cannot even exist, for without security the idea of what is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ is superfluous – the only thing that is relevant is how to obtain more power thus fortifying ones own existence tor another allotment ot time.
In response to this line of argument one could adopt another position on the definition of morality. Addressed as ‘conventional’ morality in George P. Fletchers ‘Symposium on Kantian Legal Theory,’ this definition claims that morality is a group of “propositions supported by social consensus. 7” The difference in definition here being essential for the conclusion of the former conversation about the creation of morality.
If one is to take the stance that morality is derived from a social agglomeration of stances on what is right or wrong, then the argument could be made that indeed Hobbes State of Nature is moral. The argument being that if everyone agrees to kill everyone else, then an agreement has been reached to escribe morals as consistently doing what is right for oneself. This argument has been considered inconsequential in this article for the reason that laws created on the premise that killing everyone else in the attempt to gain power would be universally agreed as not bringing Justice. Similarly, if this argument were used as a thought experiment to try and disprove the legitimacy of the previous line of reasoning, considering the universal acceptance of this formation of morality being unsuitable for adjudication, universal agreement to adopt a Hobbsian state of nature s being moral would go against the socially agglomerated view of what is right or wrong therefore eliminating a Hobbsian state of nature as being moral by a ‘conventional’ moral definition.
Before moving on to a more empirical case-based study of the effects of moralistic laws, a third approach to moralistic interpretation was brought to light in ‘The State as a Purveyor of Morality’ by Don Welch in the George Washington Law Review. Progressing this article from the realm of theory to a more case-based conversation of moralities impact on the adjudication process, the case of Lawrence v. Texas will now be looked at.
Explain how the Bible shows God as a creator law essay help: law essay help
There are many accounts in the Bible that state God as the creator. Genesis 1 and 2 are both creation stories but slightly differ in their accounts; Genesis 1 is a day by day account of all the things God created in not so much detail whereas Genesis 2 explains the creation story in a way that focuses more on the creation of man and woman than Just the lands. Having two accounts of the creation story means that it is easier to come up with your own conclusion as to how the earth was created.
The first line of Genesis 1 is “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” There is no explanation as to where God came from or why He is there, He Just exists and creates the heavens and the earth. This alone is showing God as the creator. Genesis then carries on to state all the things God created all with no scientific or physical proof or evidence as to why and how God is doing so. “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them” This quote is from line 27 and is on the 6th day.
The repetition of the word ‘created’ is enforcing to the reader that God is the creator of everything and this is done so that there is no doubt in the readers mind whether God is the creator or not. God creating man and woman in his own image is showing that we are superior to other beings such as animals which shows that God is the humans superior. Being made in Gods image is his way of blessing the humans in life as we are made in the ‘Creators’ image. “Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air… This quote is saying that God is passing down his ‘ruler ship’ on to the humans. This means that God is starting to ‘back away from his previous role and now feels that he has created a world that the inhabitants (humans) can look after. Genesis two is another creation story but has a few differences to Genesis 1 . While Genesis 1 speaks a lot more of the specifics of how and when each part of the earth was made, Genesis 2 speaks a whole lot more about the creation of humans rather than the land.
Job 38 trom the k ot Job is a story ot now Satan and nave a disagreement where Satan was saying that Job only worships God because he is prosperous in his life, God then agrees to take away all his possessions and leave him with nothing to show Satan that Job would still worship him even if he was left with nothing. Job’s three friends Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar try to comfort Job but they end up doing the pposite and tell Job that the reason for all his losses is because he has sinned and now God is making him suffer.
In the end Job has had enough and questions God, this makes God angry and then Job has a better understanding and realises that he should have trusted God all along. God then returns all of Jobs health and possession in better amounts than they previously were. This story is God showing his power and his superiority to humans. “Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation? ” This is God saying that he is mightier than any human and they do not compare to His power. This is also showing that God is omnipotent and that we know nothing compared to him.
This is all enforcing that God is the creator and better than all the humans. “Have you ever given orders to the morning, or shown the dawn it’s place,” This is saying that God has dominance over everything in the world, humans and nature. After Gods account of all his majestic works (such as the world and humans) and power, Job has to acknowledge God’s right as creator to do as he pleases and to not be questioned. Job is essentially the personification of all humans who do not elieve god as the creator, Job doubted God and his ability so god became angry; this is supposedly what happens every time someone doubts God.
Psalm 8 is a song about the lord God and his creation. miou have set your glory above the heavens” While this quote form the first verse isn’t directly linked to God being the creator it is saying that God has stated his glory in a way that so far in this psalm we do not know yet, we know that God has glory which could mean he has done something great. “When I consider the heavens, the work of your fingers” Now we start to work out hat it is that causes God to have glory, “the work of your fingers” we are literally told that God has made the heavens with his fingers’.
This personification of God shows that people saw him as one of them but also appreciated his greater power, this could possibly relate to humans being made in God’s image. “you made him a little lower than the heavenly beings” This quote is, like Job 38, stating God’s dominance over the humans. God made humans a little lower than heavenly beings so that they knew their place and that they were lesser than himself the creator’.
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Does the new sales and distribution strategy make sense from an operational standpoint? Consumers have to deal with distributors for contacts, but with B&L for other items – confusion for consumers B&L has more cash and fewer assets in inventory – better for B&L Gives them financing (steady cash flow on promissory notes and profits) for other goods Allows them to engage in other goods Advantages: Marketing resources immediately freed up to focus on the disposable contact lens market Lower SG&A expenses with new distribution plan Less inventory held by B&L for conventional lens, more in receivables
Possibly lower distribution cost due to shipment consolidation (only shipped to distributor (32 of them) instead of shipping to final customer location) Disadvantages: Damage relationship with distributors by forcing them to buy the product at high volumes Additional expenses of new product (unknown) 1. What is the impact of the December 1993 shipments of conventional lenses on the 1993 financial statements? Is it significant? There was a $22 million inventory sold to distributors which provided B&L with positive net sales. Increase revenue by $22 million Reduced inventory by 1. million pair of contacts; based on COGS of 45% this could ean a reduction in inventory of close to $10 million Little impact on SG&A – little spent on sales effort AR increase (promissory notes payable June 1994) Some increase in marketing, promotional and expenses related to discounts in Premier Vision plan SIGNIFICANT: B&L reported a 13% year over year increase in sales revenue, despite a decline in market demand for conventional lenses – increase in both replacement and disposal lenses (which B&L does not produce) Results of decrease in inventory: Increased revenue significantly & reduced excess inventory held by B&L, increased AR significantly; portrays positive outlook on Balance Sheet.
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